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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Agaricaceae of Vancouver district 1927

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ACAEICACBAg OF VA!TCOUT?R DISTRICT. °y Jean Elizabeth Davidson. tvir-aaw-H'.J* L'.UJ-.j.ĵ mjMpwipr!7,i7iji!»a^wiw î̂ aiBB\3Tiriir7mg^Uivai'»iwi iT ig ia^ :TCx^ i iT7 rv^ i r7T iTTO ' , r , "T < ' ' U.B.C. LIBRARY CAT. wo. L £ L ^ Z 'J^JJ^SLLHh **'w*XV>1 AGARICACEAE OF VANCOUVER DISTRICT. by Jean E l i z a b e t h Davidson. A Thes is submitted, for t h e Degree of MASTER OF ARTS i n the Department of BldLOGT. •^fybrviuJi THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. APRILV 1^27. TABLE OF COHTEHTS. gage General introduction i. Method of work, (a} Collecting ii. (b) Description iii. (c) Photographing. v. (d) Drying of specimens. v. (e) Poisoning and pressing vi. (!) Packetting vi. Acknowledgements vi. Classification of Agaricaceae T. Keys to the genera. 1. Spores white T. Spores ochre 3. Spores pink 3. Spores purple-brown. 4. Spores black 4. Bygrophorus. Fr 3. Panus , Fr 6. n  angus t atus 7. w  stipticus 7. Dent inus Fr 8. * ursinus 9. Schizophyllura Fr 10. » Qommune 10. Marasmius. Fr 11. n  magnisporus 11. Russula Fr 12 . w  veternosa 12. Pleurotus Fr 12. * se ro t inus 13. Depiota Fr 13 • Clitocybe Fr 14. w  Candida 17. n  nebular i s 1®. * p i thyophi la 1'8. * inversa 19. Tricholoma 20. Omphalia. Fr 21. n umbellifera. 22. n  (hepatica ?)., 22. » (campanella ?) 24. Mycena Fr 23. w  sanguinolenta 27. n  minutula 2'8. w  fealericulata 2 $. " Tpilygramma Fr, va r . a lbida) 2?. n  parabol ica 3 1 . ** " excisa 32 . Page. Myoena. inclinata 32. w  alcalina 33 • n  ammoniaca 34. w  (metata ?) 34. " (leptooephala ?) 36. n  (atroalba ?) 36. Collybia 37. " (confluens ?) 3®. Paxillus 39. w  involutus 39* Cort inarius Ir 40. n  squarrosus 40. tt  (alboviolaceous ?) 41.. tt  rigidus 43. Flammula.Jx. 44. w  echinulispDrus 44. Inocybe.JRr 46. • (hystrix ?) 46. n  (laeera ?) 47* Hebeloma Fr 47. • eolvini 48. Naucoria Fr 48. w  lignicola 4^. • semi orbicularis 49. Galera I T 30. n  tenera. 31, Psalliota Fr 33. • haemorrhodaria 34. n  plaeomyees 34. Stropharia.pr. 36. n  albonitens 36. Hypholoma Fr 37. w  capnoides 5$. " fasciculare -39. n  velutinum 39. " hydrophilum 39 • w  epixanthum 60. n  -sublateritium var. Schaefferi 61. Psilocybe Fr 62. w  subviscida 62 . Coprinus. .Iters 63. w  comatus 63. Psathyrella Fr 64. n  erenata 64. Panaeolus 64. Supplement 66. Plates I to XXIII photographs of mushrooms. n  XXIY to XXXI camera lucida drawings of spores. INTRODUCTION. When this work was "begun, it was intended to collect any kind of fleshy fungi(except those of the large and diffi- cult order Pezizales), growing in Vancouver and the immediate vicinity, to identify and classify them, and to record their descriptions. However, when collecting was begun, there proved to be such an abundance of the Agaricaceae that dealing with them alone occupied all the available time. Consequently the subject has been limited, and the title changed from "Fleshy Fungi of Vancouver District" to "Agaricaceae of Vancouver Dist- rict", with an appendix including some miscellaneous fleshy fungi also found here. Fortunately, the season from the first of October to the end of March was comparatively mild, and proved to be real . mushroom weather, The only snowfall of any importance occurred during the Christmas vacation, so collecting was unhampered. Even after the severest cold of the winter, a walk through the woods resulted in the collection of a few of the more resistant Mycenas. Nearly all the species were found right on the Uni- versity campus. There was such an abundance of forms on the campus during the Fall that it was more than one person could do to identify them all, and at the saae time record all tho*~ data concerning them. Thus Stanley Park, which is an excel- -ii- lent collecting ground, was left untouched until Spring, and undoubtedly there are numbers of species growing there that have not been included here. In this work 27 genera have been recorded, of which 13 are of the white-spored group, 7 of the ochre-spored group, 4 of the purple-brown spored group, and 3 of the black-spored group. No rosy-spored forms were collected, probably due to the fact that most of them grow during the warmer months. The 2 7 genera comprised in all 64 species, which, according to their spore color are divided as follows: white, 34 species; ochre, 16 species; purple-brown, 11 species; black, 3 species. The various species of llvcena proved to be more t, numerous than fctejsetb.frany other genus, 12 species being describ- ed here, although dt is definitely known that others occur. The species of Clitocvbe came second in number to the Ivlvcenas in the white-spored group. In the ochre-spored group, Cortinarius out- numbered the other genera in the number of species, totalling 3f while Evpholoma led the purple-brown spored forms with 6 species The black-spored forms are comparatively few at this time of the year, and only one species of each black-spored genus was record- ed. METHOD OF WORK. (a) COLLECTING. Collecting was done throughout the time from Oct.1st. to Marxist, on an average of twice a week. Each kind of musii- room was wrapped by itself when collected to protect it, and to - n i - prevent the various kinds from getting mixed up in the vasculum. Observations were made at the time of collection concerning the habit and habitat of the mushroom, and any other details that might help in its identification, such as its odor when fresh- ly picked, or the nature of the pileus, i.e., whether viscid or not. Care was taken to bring in as varied forms as possible, showing the different stages in development. (b) DESCRIPTION. As soon as the mushrooms were collected, they were brought back to the laboratory , and descriptions of the vari- ous species were written immediately, This information was written on individual sheets with the necessary haadings for complete description printed on them. A sample sheet is shown on the next page. In describing the color, an attempt was made to make the descriptions really useful by using standard colors. The color names used are those of "Ridgway's Color Standards and nomenclature",with a few exceptions, which occur in descriptions made earlier in the term. While the specimens were fresh, spore prints were made and fixed permanently by floating on very dilute collodion. Thin sections of the gills were also made, to show the structure of the trama, spores, presence or absence of cystidia and ster- ile cells, and these sections were mounted in a glycerine-eosin mounting fluid, and labelled. In connection with this it was noticed that in some species the cystidia took the eosin stain very deeply compared to the rest of the section, so that they V- - iv- FlELD STUDIES OF MUSHROOMS ^ No. Name ~ Habitat and Habit.. Locality Date..- Collector Width When Young.. When Expanded. Color. Surface- Shape { Margin- Attachment Number and Spacing— Shape, Width and Edge- Color Texture Spores PARTIAL VEI I AN N U LUS Si (0 Length and Thickness.. Shape Surface Color Substance UNIVERSAL VEIL VOLVA Color _ _ Changes X •0 JJ •{ Consistency (incL Juice)- Taste.. Odor._ NOTES: Described by. J Sample of the printed sheets which were filled in for each species of mushroom when it was brought into the laboratory, -V- were readily seen; hut in other species they remained clear and colorless. These microscopic slides v;ere kept, and, "being in glycerine, remained in perfect condition for comparison through- out the whole period. Drawings were made ("besides the drawings made with the camera lucida and illustrated on Plates XXIV to XXXI inclusive), to show the spores and cystidia, and measure- ments made of the same, These drawings were filed along with the spore prints and descriptions, each species in a separate folder. As soon as each species was described, it was given a number, the University of B.C. geological Herbarium number, and spore print, drawing, microscopic slide, photograph, nega- tive, dried specimen for the herbarium, and anything else in connection with that particular species was given that number, whether the name of the mushpoom had been ascertained ot not. (<0 PHOTOGRAPHING. Photographs were made of over two-thirds of the species, showing typical specimens. These were made while the plants were fresh, and the morphological characters emphasised in the descriptions are also brought out in the photographs. (d) DRYIITG OP SPECIMENS. In all cases where there were sufficient specimens, a few typical forms were dried. This v/as done on a grating over a steam radiator, which served the purpose very well. Each species was tagged with its herbarium number. *• -vi- Ce) POISONING AMD PRESSING. When dry, the specimen was soaked in a poisoning sol- ution of alcohol, carbolic acid, and mercuric "bichloride, then placed in a moist chamber to relax, and when sufficiently pliable the stem was bent o1?er so that the plant would lie flat. It was then laid between folds of paper tov/elling and pressed that v/ay. (f) PACKETTING. For herbarium purposes these specimens were packetted, this method taking much less spa^e than does boxing. Inreach packet was enclosed a slip of paper with the herbarium number, the name of the mushroom, its habit and habitat, the locality in which it was collected, the date, the collector's name, and any other necessary remarks. The number and name of the mush- room was also written on the outside of the packet. Two sizes of packets were used. One, .5%" x 3%" » serened for the majority of forms, and another, 5 n x 8W held the larger plants. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. In many of the keys used, the writer has followed those of Kauffman in his "Agaricaceae of Michigan", making alter- ations where such seemed necessary to accomodate our western forms. The writer takes this opportunity to express her indebtedness to Mr.H.T.Gussow, (formerly Dominion botanist)! Ottawa, for the use ifff both text and plates of Ricken's -Vll- ."Blatterpilze", which proved very valuable in the determination of species; and to Prof ,iF.Dickson, whoso kindly supervised this work, photographed the specimens as they came in, and constant- ly gave of his time in smoothing out problems which so frequent- ly arose. The writer's gratitude is also expressed to those interested friends who from time to time brought or sent in specimens to he identified. •* -1- AGARICACEAE OF VANCOUVER DISTRICT. The family Agaricaceae is divided into five g groups on the color af the spores when deposited in mass. In this work, each group will "be treated in separate keys. Group 1. Spores white in mass. Group II, Spores ochre in mass. Group III.Spores pink in mass. Group IV. Spores purple-hrown in mass. Group V. Spores "black in mass. • i Group I. Snores white in mass. A. Gills of waxy consistency 1 .Hvgrophorus. AA.Gills not waxy. B. Fruit "body toughish; thin plants shrivel on drying, reviw when moistened. C. Fruit "body fleshy-leathery. D. Edge of gills entire 2.Panus. DD. Edge of gills not entire. E. Edge of gills serrate-torn..^.Lentinus. EE. Edge of gills longitudinally split 4.Schizot)hvl3lip. -2- CC. Fruit "body rather membranous; Shrivel v/hen dried "but revive v/hen moistened.. 5.Marasmius. BE. Fruit body soft fleshy, decaying. F. Trama of pileus vesiculose 6.Rusgula. FF. Trama of pileus filamentous. G. Stem eccentric lateral or wanting 7.Pleurotus. GG. Stem central. H. Gills free, annulus present. 8.Lepiota. HH, Gills not free. I. Stem fleshy or fibrous. J. Gills decurrent or broadly adnate, not sinuate at stem. ^.Clitocvbe. JJ.Gills at length sinuate or emarginate on stem..IQ.Tricholoma. II.Stem cartilaginous. K. Gills decurrent, pileus convex to umbilicate ILOmphalia. KK.Gills not decurrent. I.Pileus thin, remaining more or less bell-shaped, mostly small. 12.Mvcena. Ll.Pileus expanded when mature, somewhat fleshy, small, medrum, or large t5.Collvbia. Group II. Snores ochre in mass. A. Gills separating easily from trama of pileus; margin of pileus involute H.Paxillus. AA.Gills not separating readily from pileus. B. Inner veil cobweb-like; gills at length dusted dark cinnamon or rusty; terrestrial 15.Qortinarius. BB.Inner veil membranous, fibrous or floecose. C. Stem fleshy or fleshy fibrous. B. Gills at length yellow or yellow-rusty; ligni- colous l6.Elammula. DD.Gills alutaceous to sordid brown; terrestrial. E. Pileus fibrillose, silky,or innately scaly 17«Inocybe. EE.Pileus smooth, more or less viscid when moist. l8.Hebeloma. CC.Stem cartilaginous or fragile, E. Pileus convex or plane, margin at first incurved, stem rather short 19.Haucoria. FE.Pileus bell-shaped or conical; stem slender 20.Galera. Group III. Spores pink in mass. 4 No pink spored forms were collected during this work. They are apparently more common during the warmer months« 74- Group 17. Scores purple-provm in mass. A. Annulus present, veil distinct. B. Gills free 2T.Psalliota. BB.Gills attached to stem 22.Strox>haria. AA. Annulus lacking. C. 7eil present, remaining attached to margin of pileus, rarely forming an annulus .2^,.Hypholoma. CC.7eil, if at first present, quickly evanescent or none at all; slender-stemmed 24.Psiloeype. Group 7. Spores olack in mass. A, Gills deliquescing into a "black mass when mature 2 51 Copr tos. AA.Gills not deliquescing. B. Pileus v/ith striate or sulcate margin, fragile 2 6.Pgathvrella. BB.Pileus not striate, rather fleshy, exceeding the gills, Gills variegated-dotted "by the R-nores.27 .Panaeolus. -5- 1. Rvgroohorus Jr. Only one species of Hygrophorus was collected, and it presented several characters which made it hard to place definitely in any of the described species. ayfirophoruj? s_p. i i Illustrations: Plate xxiv, Fig. & , of this work. Hard, Mushrooms, Fig.17T, p.215. PILEUS 1-2om. braad, occasionally up to 3cm., convex becoming plane or sometimes depressed; cinnamon-buff (R) (see foot-note); surface finely granular, edge of pileus with tiny upright teeth; margin very slightly inrolled, entire. FLESH white, becoming orange-rust color on injury, consistency spongy. GILLS decurrent, distant, twice-inserted, intervenose; width 4mm., edge entire, color same as pileus, texture waxy; trama of interwoven hyphajr. STEM 1.5-2.5cm. long 1.5->mm. thick, sub-bulbous, finely pulverulent close to gills, else- where smooth, color same as pileus, fibrous, SPORES white, more or less lemon-shaped, smooth, 8.4u x 5.2u. CYSTLDIA none. ODOR and TASTE mild. Gregarious. On mossy ground or humus in the woods. Collected on U.B.C. campus, Dec.3rd. Common. JSaifi,: For the most part in this work standard color names have been used, using Ridgway's Color Standards and Nomenclature. In all eases such colorsshall have an (R) after them. i -6- U.B.C. Hyc.Herh.H0.34. This species comes near H.miniatus. hut also hears some resemhlance to H.marginatus. Kauffman says that the trama of H.miniatus is of parallel hyphae, while in this one the hyphae are distinctly interwoven. It is lilce H.marginatus in that the pileus fades on drying, the gills in some specia mens retaining their color, in others, losing it, apparently depending on age of plant when collected. It differs from K. clor.ophanus in having trama of interwoven hyphae, no trace of citron in its color, and a non-viscid stem. H.ceraeerfus has a, trama of interwoven hyphae, hut its pileus is viscid and retains its color, hoth these characters differing from the specimens collected. This leaves it nearest to H.miniatus and H.marginatus. 2, Panus Fr, Two species in this genus were collected, and may he separated as follows; A. Pileus with a gelatinous layer, taste mild, definite.cyst- ic idia present (1) P.angu.status. AA.Pileus without gelatinous layer, finely pulverulent, taste harsh, definite cystidia ahsent...(2) P.stiuticus. •« -7- 00 P.angastatus. Berk. Illustrations: "Pi. XXAV, Fi'q ̂ , oF t-h;* work. PILEUS 2.5-3.3cm, "broad, spathulate to cuneiform, tawny ochraceous, whitens on drying, margin somewhat uneven, splitting radially. FLESH same color as pileus, no noticeable change on injury, thin and tough. GILLS close, deeurrent, ventricose, 2-3mm. wide, edge entire, white, becoming yellow- ish-brown when dry, texture rather tough-fie shy. STEM 2 cm. long by 2-3mm. thick, just a continuation of the pileus at one side, tapers toward base, striate, "brownish-gray, tough,with a cartilaginous rind. SPORES white, small, apicjtlate, smooth, 4.272u x 2.67u. CYSTIDIA numerous, scattered regularly over the gills, like stiff spines, 74.48u x 11.74'Bu. ODOR and TASTE mild. At least three layers showed up in the trama when fresh. Caespitose. On decaying wood. Collected Dec.3rd. on U.B.C. campus. Just collected once. U.B.C. Mye.Herb.No.40. (2) P.stiirfcicus. J*. Illustrations: Plate I , Pig. 2.  9 of this work. Ricken, Biatterpilze, Plate26, Pig.3. Hard, Mushrooms, Fig.178, p.222. PILEUS 0.4-2.3cm. "broad, convex to slightly depress- ed when mature, pinkish-buff to cinnamon-buff(R) , surface pulverulent to finely scaly, incurved at first, later expands and may become sulcate. FLESH creamy white, with dark layer on top, then layer of scales, darkens slightly on injury, •• -8- rather leathery in texture. GILLS Adnate byt rounded behind, close, narrow, tending to be of same width all along, edge en- tire; ochre-colored, darker than pileus, texture fleshy-leath- ery. STEM lateral 4-12mm. long by T-j5mm. thick, broadens towards base, surface pulverulent-scaly, same as pileus in color, texture leathery, tough. SPORES white, smooth, narrowly ob- long, 6.2j5u x 2.492u. CYSTIDIA none, but the ends of the hyphae stick out in bunches when the section is made, and at first sight look like cystidia. ODOR mild. TASTE slighily harsh. Caespitose to imbricate. Found on fallen logs, these being on Bdmglas fir. Collected Feb.t6th. in the woods, TJ.B.l. campus, only on above date, though the same patch was in good condition at least two months later. In Kauffman's description he says the taste is . very disagreeable, while in our specimens the taste is not very marked. The gills are connected by very prominent ridge-like veins. U.B.C. Myc.Herb.No. 104. 3. LBHtinus. Frf There were two forms belonging to this genus coll- ected, and although they differed in some minor points it seem- ed best to refer them both to the same species, namely L.ursin- us.. Descriptions of both forms will be included here. -9- If.ursinus Fr.-Bres. Illustrations: Platexxu/,Fig. 1 ,of this work. PILEUS 2-4„2cm. wide, convex becoming almost plane, shell- to kidney-shaped; moist forms are avellaneous to clay color when young, snuff brown when old, and tend to become pinkish buff (R) when dry; surface glabrous, delicately striate when moist, pulverulent when dry; margin at first entire, bee coming unevenly lacerate, FLESH concolorous, goes creamy- white on dryAng,hygrophanus, GILLS close, four times inserted, narrowest at front, width 4-5mm., edge lacerate; white, tinted with color of pileus; texture somewhat fleshy. STEM eccentric, very short, 2-^mm. long by 2-3mm. thick, covered with short yellow hairs, substance fleshy. SPORES white. CYSTLDIA none. ODOR pleasant, TASTE very peppery. Gregarious, not imbricate; on dead wood. Collect- ed March 17th. in the woods on U.B.C. campus. Not very common. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Ho.12t. li.ursinus Fr.-Bres. (second type collected). Illustrations: fl-ff r'9 L PILEUS 1»?--8«5cm. broad, plane when young, slightly wavy when mature; color wood brown v/ith disc of Mars brown (R) tomentose or velvety at point ol attachment, margin tends to split radially. FLESH white, no noticeable change on injury, rather tough-fleshy, GILLS radiating fan-wise from point of attachment, close, ventricose, width 5mm., edge serrate-torn, -10- white, fading to brownish-white, texture fleshy, STEM absent. SPORES white, small, 3.204ux 2.?48u, almost globose. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR mild. TASTE peppery. X'.2. ''.'.VG.lilfflTar'foate*.. On rotten wood. Collected Dec.10th. in woods U.B.C. campus. Hot very common. U.B.C.Myc.H|&b.iro.42. On the whole, this specimen looked as if it might hare "been an older form of the one described above. The abundance of the velvety hairs on the surface of the pileus near the point of attachment was the main difference, together with the lack of anything that might be considered a stem. 4. Schizophvllum Er. Only one species collected here. S.commune Fr. 'PI. xxv'i. Fig ̂. PILEUS 1-2.5cm., shell- to fan-shaped, greyish-white surface roughened by hairs, margin finely scalloped. ELESH dark brown or black, tough,leathery. GILLS radiating from point of attachment,. sub -distant, rather narrow, longitudinally split along the edge, the split part turning back, color "brownish tinged with mauve, texture tough-fleshy, STEM none. SPORES white, CYSTIDIA none. ODOR mild. TASTE unpleasant, woody. Singly or gregarious on fallen wood, especially common on alder. Collected Nov. 1.5th. in the woods on U.B.C. campus. flS&ite common. U.B.C.Eye.Herb.No.23. -11- 5. Marasmius Fr. Two species of Marasmius were collected, but only one of them was satisfactorily identified. M.ma,s3iisT>orus Murr. Illustrations: Plate -2" ,Fig. 2-. , of this work. Hard, Mushrooms, Fig.107, p.142, asM.candidus. PIIEUS 9-14mm. broad, broadly umbonate, white, smooth, margin entire. FLESH very thin, white, membranous. GlliliS adnexed, distant, forking, intervenose, 0.5- 1mm. wide, white, edge entire. STEM 7mm. long by 0.7-1mm. thick, narrowing toward base, whi£e at top, almost black at base; slightly pulverulent at base, rest of stem smooth; substance fibrous. SPORES white, pointed at one end, contents granular, ?.4u x 4.3u. CYSTIDLfi. none. OfiOR and TASTE mild. Gregarious to sub-caespitose, on branches of dead Thimble berry (Rubus parviflorus). Collected Hov.ljjth. in the woods on U.B.C. campus. Fairly common in the fall. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Ho. 25. This Marasmius is exactly like the one pictured in Hard^ book as M.candidus. but Eauffman points out that this picture does not agree with the M. Candidas of Fries, being much too large. Kaufflnan suggests that it is possibly M. magnis-poruR Murr. Our specimens agree pretty well with the description given by Murrill, except that the spores are a little smaller. •« -12- 6. Russula Jr. Only one species of Russula was collected. Rusguja yeternoga Jg£. Zl^r- lrv PILEUS 6cm. "broad, rosy red, darker in center, sub- viscid,ismar gin even "but decidedly striate. FLESH white, pink immediately below cuticle, no noticeable change on injury, consistency spongy, Juice watery, GILLS adnate, close, occasion- ally forking dichotomously near stem; ventricose, width 6mm., edge entire, strae/color, texture fragile-fleshy, trama vesic- ulate, STEM 4cm. long," l.jjcm. thick, stout, equal, surface faintly striate, white, fleshy, stuffed. SPORES pale oahraceous globose, echinulate, 6.8u in diameter. CYSTIDIA present, ventricose below the prolonged tip, rough, ̂ l.^u x ?.3u. ODOR mild, earthy. TASTE peppery. Solitary. On ground in woods. Collected in Stanley Park Oct. 26th. Collected only once. U.B.C.Jiyc.Herb.Ho.6. This form seems to belong somewhere between R. veternosa and R.tenuiceps. but is put in R.vetemosa because the evidence is more on that side. 7. Pleurofoiq Ex. Only one species of Pleurotus was identified, but other species are known to occur in this vicinity. ** -13- P l e u r o t u s s e r o t i n u s F r . I l l u s t r a t i o n s : P l a t e HT , F i g , . a ,of t h i s work. K*EZZ - 1 PILEU5 2-6cm. "broad, convex becoming almost p l a n e , mouse-gray t o g r a y i s h - o l i v e (R) , v i s c i d , margin e n t i r e . FLESE ye l lowi sh , no n o t i c e a b l e changes on i n j u r y , t h i c k , spongy, somewhat hygrophanous, GILLS d e c u r r e n t , c l o s e , c o s i d e r a b l y f o r - ked, a r c u a t e , wid th 4mm., egge e n t i r e ; c o l o r creamy w h i t e , texture f l e s h y . STEM e c c e n t r i c , tern, l ong by 8mm. or more th ick , t a p e r i n g toward b a s e , covered w i th a y e l l o w i s h brown tomentum; t e x t u r e spongy, w a t e r - s o a k e d . SPORES w h i t e , nar row- l y oblong, s l i g h t l y curved , j j .6u x 1„3u. CYSTIDIA p r e s e n t , short and s t o u t , 35 .8u x 14 .1u . ODOR p l e a s a n t . TASTE mi ld . I m b r i c a t e , On b a r k of f a l l e n t r e e , t h e s e b e i n g on alder. Co l l ec t ed J a n . 2 8 t h . i n t h e woods, TJ.B.C. campus. U.B.C.^yc.Herb.Ho. 4 6 . 8. L e p i o t a . F r . One species collected, and this one was not satis- factorily identified. Leuiota SP. Illustrations: seae. ̂ . ̂ Xll/ f'<? <° PILEUS 3-6.5cm. wide, convex becoming plane, rosy red with a purplish tinge, center covered with a velvety tomentum, outer smooth, though with appressed scales; margin not striate; remnants of veil hanging from edge. FEESH pure ** -14- white, no noticeable change on injury; consistency cheesey, GILLS free, close, ventricose, width 3-i>mm.» edge entire; white, becoming creamy-white with age, fleshy, AMIILTJS present, not movable, rather fragile, may be evanescent. STEM 2-3.7cm, long by 3-6mm. thick, broad at top, then tapering slightly downwards, but swelling again into a mycelioid bulb at the base; surface with fine appressed hairs, almost smooth, color white on top, brovm at base; stuffed, becoming hollow. SPORES white, ovoid-elliptical, 6.1ux4.1u,, smooth, apiculate. CYSTLDIA none. ODOR and TASTE mild. Gregarious. In the woods, U.B.C. campus, collected Efov.8th., not seen again since then. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Ho. 20. This species did not fit any of the descriptions on hand. The trama is not vesiculose, and the plant seems to be a Lepiota alright. The top is purple when dry. The annulus is not well developed, and no cystidia show in the gills. The annulus is not powdery. » 9* Clitocvbe J£. Seven species in this genus were collected, and the following key has been prepared to help distinguish them more readily. A. Pileus small, 1-2cm.,olive-buff (R) to greenish blue-black (15 Clitocvbe SP. ** -15- AA.Pileus larger, without "blue-green shades. B. Edge of gills serrate-tora. ,, ,, (2) Clitocvbe sx>. BB.Edge of gills entire. C. Pileus large, over 1,5cm (3) C.Candida. j|C.Pileus smaller, under 15cm. 5. Pileus white or gray-white. E. Pileus convex to planr, flesh thick (4-3 C. nebular is. EE,Pileus depressed to funnel-shaped, flesh thin.. (5) C.-pithvophila. BD.Pileus not white or gray-white. F. Pileus cinnamon-buff to cinnamon (R) (6) G.inversa. FF.Pileus wood brown (R) (7) Clitocvbe sv. (1) Clitocybe su. Illustrations: Plate 3T ,Fig. 1 u of this work. PILEUS 1-2cm. broad, convex becoming umbilicate, some umbilicate from the first; most pilei dusky greenish- gray, but some are dark olive buff (R); slightly pulverulent; margin entire, incurved. FLESH dawn gray (R) or paler, sil- very shining, no noticeable changes on injury; consistency spongy. GILLS decurrent, close to sub-distant, twice-inserted, width up to 2,5mm., edge entire, intervenose, occasionally forking; color storm gray to deep olive buff (Rj>; fleshy, appearance somewhat water-soaked, (waxy ?) STEM 1.5-2.5cm. »• -16- long by 1.5mm. thick,equal or nearly so, slightly striate; color same as pileus; consistency very elastic, wont snap when "bent double;: stuffed. SPORES white. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR pleasant. TASTE: none. Gregarious. Resembling the color of the groundiin a burned-over, mossy and grassy field. Collected March 3Oth. on TJ.B.C.campus. U.B.C.M7C.Herb.Ho.102. Although this form has been ftescribed as a Clito- cybe, it has characters which make it resemble the genera Offlphalia and Hygrophorus as well. The general shape of the plant suggests Omphalia, but the stem is so tough and elastic that it seemed better to put it under Clitocybe. The somewhat waxy appearance of the gills made it resemble a Hygrophorus, so it is only tentatively recorded as a Clitocybe. (2) Clitocybe ST>. Illustrations: none. PI.XYVI F'<J -•*-. PILEUS 1.5-3*5cm. broad, hemispherical becoming convex, color vinaceous tawny to pecan brown, margin buff pink (R); surface glabrous, margin entire, becoming torn with age, gills dont extend quite to the edge of the pileus. FEESH creamy white, no noticeable changes on injury, consistency tough. GILLS decurrent, extending in lines down the stem, close, narrowest in front, width 3.5mm., edge serrate-torn^, creamy white, fleshy. -17- STEM \,5-J>am.* long, 2-5ma. wMek; narrowing downwards, then slightly swollen at base; surface minutely white-pruinose, striae showing like extension of gill lines; whitish when fresh, fading to creamy yellow on top and dark chestnut brown belo-.v; consistency tough. SPORES white, somewhat bean-shaped, smooth, 5.3U x 2.7u. CY5TIDIA abundant. ODOR pleasant. TASTE mild. Gregarious. On the sides of fallen Douglas firs. Collected Feb.6th. and 27th. in Stanley Park. Infrequent. U.B.C.^yc.Herb.¥o.T01. This plant is a typical Clitocybe in general stature, but no species described combined its characters with the serrate gills, which are |C conspicuous on the plant even on the youngest specimens. (3) C.Candida Bres. Illustrations: Plate T2. , Fig. 1 , of this work. - SS3X -. 3 PILEUS l6-22cm. broad, slightly depressed, light drab at edge to fuscous in center, (R), sillty smooth, retic- ulate through a hand lens; margin entire, narrow edge inrolled, gills barely extending to edge of the pileus. FLESH white, darkening slightly on injury, consistency spongy, GILES crowd- ed, decurrent, narrowing at both ends, width 7mm., edge entire; white becoming dingy white, fleshy. STEM 7cm. long, 2-3cm. thick, somewhat bulbous, striate with brown hairy lines, color light drab to Benzo brown (R)t tough, fibrous-fie shy, stuffed,. -t'8- SPORES white, ovoid-elliptical, apiculate, 4.1u x 3-0u. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR like old cauliflower greens, TASTE mildly acrid. Gregarious. Amongst old leaves and humus. Collected on tf.B.C. campus lJov.15>th. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.No.26. (4) C.nebularis Fr. Illustrations:Plate 2T , Fig. &. , of this work. 2XZL •• £> PILEUS convex, smoke gray (R) or darker, smooth, ftppressed fibrils in the center, margin entire and somev/hat in- curved. FLESH white, becoming pale brown on injury, consistency spongy. GILLS short-decurrent, close to crowded, narrowed at each end, width 3*3mni., edge entire; white, becoming yellowish white on drying; fleshy. STEM 8.3cm. long, 1.7-2..5cm. thick, sub-bulbous, faintly striate with fibrils, color slightly paler thanpileus, substance fleshy-fibrous. SPORES white, ovoid-elliptical, 3.3u x 3.4u. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR mild. TASTE slightly acrid. Single or gregarious. On ground in woods. Collected on U.B.C. campus Dec.10th. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.No. 43. (3) C.T3lthvoT)hila F r . I l l u s t r a t i o n s : Hard, Mushrooms, p . "P\. XX33" ̂ *iq Q . oV -*Wis u>o<->-\ . PILEUS convex when young, infundibuliform when ma- *• - 1 ? - ture, whitish buff, smooth, glutinous when moist, shining when dry,margin entire, sometimes regular, sometimes very irregular. FLESH white tinged with buff, becoming rusty-brown on injury, consistency spongy. GILLS decurrent, readily separable from the pileus, close, at least four times inserted, ventricose, width up to ,5mm., edge entire, color dingy white, water-soaked appearance when old. STEM 2-3.5cm. long, 3-10mm. thick, compressed laterally, smooth, sometimes pulverulent at top, color whitish buff, darkening towards the base; fibrous. SPORES white, ovoid-elliptical, smooth. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR and, TASTE mild. Caespitose. On lawns. Collected in Grandview and in Point Grey, Nov. 5th. Common. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.No.lS. (6) C.inversa Ricken. Illustrations: Ricken, Blatterpilze, PI. , Fig. PILEUS 4-6cm., depressed to infundibuliform, color cinnamon buff to cinnamon (R), smooth, margin even, FLESH creamy white, no noticeable changes on injury, consistency spongy. GILLS decurrent, close, intervenose, narrowest at outer edge, width 5nim. , edge entire, lighter tint of pileus color, fleshy. STEM 10cm. long, 3mm. thick, gradually broad- ening towards base; lower half has mycelioid hairy covering, rest smooth; color same as pileus; fieshy-fibrous. SPORES white with pale ochraceous tinge, globose, echinulate, 3«?u »* in diameter. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR and TASTE mild. -20- Gregarious to sub-caespitose. In humus in the woods. Collected on U.B.C. campus Dec.^rd. Common in the fall. U.B.C.lye.Herb.Ho.32. (7) Clitoe.vbe g-p. Illustrations : none. PILEUS 10,2cm, "broad, slightly depressed; wood "brown (R), surface smooth, margin entire, slightly incurved. FLESH dingy white, darkens slightly on injury, consistency spongy. GILLS decurrent, close, ventricose, width jjnim., edge entire, undulate; color drab, slightly lightFr than pileus; fleshy. STEM 12cm. long, 2.5-5.5cm. thick; swollen towards "base, then narrowing again downwards; striate with grayish-brovm appressed fibrils; color grayish-white; fibrous. Sf^BES white. CYSTLDIA none. ODOR slightly unpleasant. TASTE Mid. Solitary. In leaf mould in woods. Collected on U.B.C. campus, Nov. 15th. Infrequent. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.No.24. 10. Tricholoma Fr. A single species of this genus was collected, and only one specimen of the species , consequently identification was a little difficult. Tricholoma s"D. 'Pl.xxiv- FV'9 JA- <=>\ "*Wis uz^k. PILEUS 11mm. "broad, hemispherical; dark plumbago slate (R), covered with moderately small dark scales, margin -21- entire, hut slightly scalloped. FLESH white, very thin, becomS ing "blue on injury, fleshy, GUIS adnexed, seceding, sub-dis- tant, narrowest at outer edge, width 1.8mm., edge entire; white; fleshy.STEM 5„5cm. long, 1.5mm. wide, equal except for bulbous "base, smooth, faintly white-pulverulent up by gills, color plumbago slate (R); fibrous, with a cartilaginous rind. SPORES white, somewhat lemon- shaped, rough, 9.6u x 5«5>u. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR and TASTE slightly unpleasant. Solitary. In humus in woods. Collected on U.B.C. campus, Dec,3rd. Infrequent. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.No.32. The stem of this plant exuded a clear watery juice when broken. ( It looks as if it might be T.ionides in Ricken. ) 11. Omphalia Fr. Three species have been recorded an this genus, although, as was stated in the description of the first species under Clitoc.vbe. that species perhaps belongs here. A. Pileus wax-yellow to citron-yellow, edge of pileus scalloped {1}.Ofumbellifera. AA.Pileus orange yellow to reddish brown, edge of pileus not scalloped. Biipileus 3-t5mm., russet to auburn (R)..(2} O.theuatica ?) BB.Pileus 1-3cm,, orange brown f3l Q( empanel la. ?) •« -22- {1) O.umbellifera Linn. Illustrations: Plate 21 , Fig. 1 , of this work. PILEUS 3-15mm. "broad, convex when young, umbilicate when mature; color clay-color to tawny olive and old gold (R), surface glabrous, moist, not viscid, margin "beautifully scalio loped. FLESH color same as pileus, "becomes creamy white on drying, hygrophanous, GILLS decurrent, distant, once-inserted, sometimes forking, narrowed at each end, width l-l^mm. , edge entire, color pinkish, "buff (E), semi-translucent, somewhat waxy. CYSTIDIA none. STEM 1.2-2.3em. long, 1..5-2mm. thick, equal, or with a slight swelling at "base, minutely pulverulent to glabrous, white hairs at base; top half snuff brown, lower half fading to pinkish buff (R),somewhat fragile, but not cartilaginous. SPORES white. ODOR none. TASTE slightly fari- naceous. Densely gregarious to sub-caespitose on old logs and stumps. Collected March t7th. in woods on U.B.C. campus. Very common from then till time of writing. TJ.B.C.Myc.Herb.No.120. (2} 0. (heuatica ?) ftatsch. I l l u s t r a t i o n s : P la te Yi , Fig. 2.. , of t h i s work. X Y i v , " "8" PILEUS 3-15mm. broad, convex, with incurved edge when very young, bjct very soon umbilicate; color russet to auburn (R), surface minutely creamy pulverulent when young, «« -23- soon glabrous, margin striate when moist, splitting slightly, radially, in older specimens, FLESH same color as pileus, some- what hygrophanous, no noticeable changes on injury, consistency fleshy. GILLS short decurrent, sub-distant, twice inserted, width 2mm., narrowed behind, edge entire; color ochraceous, sometimes with a flesh tint, fleshy. STEM 7-13ma. long, 1-?.5mn. thick,narrows towards base, then dilates into small bulblet, surface creamy white pulverulent down to yellow-hairy base, color auburn or darker; cartilaginous rind, fibrous inside, stuffed, becoming hollow. SPORES white, ovoid elliptical, 5.2u x 2.8u, smooth. CYSTIDIA few and not very noticeable on the sides of the gills, more abundant on the edge, ventricose, smooth, 33.tu x 8.0u. ODOR and TASTE none. Gregarious to caespitose on sides of decaying Doug- las fir,. Collected in woods, U.B.C. campus, Feb.22nd. Hot very common. U.B.C.Myo.Herb.Ko.106. As nearly as could be judged from the literature on hand, this little Omphalla belongs somewhere near 0,hepatica-, but the gills axe not distant, but vary from sub-distant to close. Ricken uses the proximity of the gills to each other to separate spme of the species from others, and if it is placed in the "gills almost crowded" group, it falls in Q.pyxidata. and Ricken*s description of this species does not fit it at all, especially when he emphasizes the point that in 0, pyxidata the gills are the darkest part of the whole plant. In our specimens -24- the gills are the lightest part of the whole plant. (3) 0. {campanella?) rr. yWTT *2.. Illustrations: Plate 221, Fig. 1 , in this work. Hard,Mushrooms,Plate 17, p.1$1. Kauffman, Agaricaceae of Michigan, pi.CLXXII. PILEUS 1-^cm. broad, hemispherical with small umbilicus when young, later convex "but retaining umbilicus; orange brown, covered with very fine hairs appressed to pileus; margin entire. FIESH white tinged with orange, becoming orange on injury and in age, consistency cheesey. &ILLS decurrent, sub- distant, twice inserted, intervenose, occasionally forked near stem; same width throughout length, 4mm., edge entire; color orange-yellow; fleshy. STEM 1-3-5 cm. long, ..5-3mm. thick, equal, smooth, with a few striae, orange brown to brown, tough, with a cartilaginous rind. SPORES white in mass, decid- edly ochre under microscope, lemon-shaped, rough, 7«&u x j?.2u. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR mild. TASTE acrid. Gregarious to caespitose. On moss-covered decaying firs in the woods. Collected in the woods on TJ.B.C. campus, Oct. 2^th. Frequent in the fall. U.B.C.Myc.Eerb.lTo.U. O.campanella is reported to have smooth spores, and nothing is said about the yellow appearance of the spores under the microscope, and is not reported as large as the forms of this species. Hard has a photograph of Hy_grouhorus. miniatus which would pass for a photo of this species, so it *« - 2 5 - i s possible tha t the watery c h a r a c t e r i s t i c of the p i leus of G.easrpari.fiila has "been confused with the waxy nature of a ETfiro"ohorus« The desc r ip t ion of E.^nniatus as given i n Eauf- aan*s work, f i t s t h i s p lan t very w e l l , except t h a t I t does not- describe the spores as i n t h i s spec ie s , "but says "spores var iab le" . Thus more wort i s neec.ec. on t h i s species before I t can be s a t i s f a c t o r i l y i d e n t i f i e d . 12. Ijyeena Er . More species of this genus were found Jshen of any other, and sore difficulty was experienced in separating then into definite species. In a few eases, specimens were obtain- ed in sncli saali issbers at a time that there was not sufficient aaterial to identify with certainty. This includes a dainty ml mate pink: form, and a slippery greenish—yellow one, which were collected once or twice in ones or twos at the most. The following species do not include such fonss as a.haenatoua which is larown to occur here, out has not been collected while this worS: has Is^en In progress. The following Isey will serve to show the distinguishing features of the 12 species recorded in this genus. A. EXUQ i TTg a reddish juice when broSnn; edge of gills dsr>- calored. ....(!} - 3£, g g-"n ert -f TT n 1 p nta., iJ..Juice and ed^e of gills not colored. B. Pileus nlnute, whole plant pure white.{21 _M.minutula. BB.Pileus not as above. C. G i l l s assaming f lesb-volor in GJX.-I 11.3LrLl£Ticz. fcM.t' CC. G i l l s a saa l ly grayisa i n age. l ed ly £ i r a , r ig id , P i l e a s gray or almost *fcit»» F. Oaor n l t roas ; p i l e a s aa i t* t o pearl-gray. PF.Odor not n i trons; pile-as &ad g i l l s gray. 151 tTtt^oiitt, EE .P i l eas dark Tascoas or dart fcrosai. £» Gi l l s sab-dis tant , zairroaly adcexed; p i l eas ami im, bat not deeply so . .Co) iLex<£i^&. GO.Gills crowded; p i l eas deeply coizrex to ©on- l l \ i tanging to aadalmte azu . . . . . . . . . . I y« •"— ^-^0-»- —21&,tS,. 2D.Stem s o t mariedly i i r a or rlgUL. H. Odor altaTlTy or nitroas In £resh p1f.^tg» t . Stem laarieoas. €81 I l . S t e a not labriooas, J . fiills ancinate. E. Odor strong; stem dry. ECOdor wea£; stem p s e a d o - v i s c i d , . . . . . . JJ .Gi l l s not a n e i a a t e . . . . O l ) lE-le-atar^-p**"!*. a i troas or R*! "frail TIP odor. C?23 I fitr-^flllfc -2 7- (1) M. s anggino 1 ent a Er. SXZL 1 Illustrations: Plate SL , pig a., of this work. Ricken, BlEtterpilze, PI.110, "Eig,7. PILEUS 5-12ram. "broad, mostly about 8mn. , conic- eampanulate, usually with definite umbo; color Diamine "brovm when young, becoming l£ikado "brovm to cinnamon brwvm^when ma- ture j surface glabrous, faintly striatulate; margin entire. FLESH color same as pileus,bleeds profusely when cut, spongy, juice dull red, GILLS adnate, in some specimens with a deeur9-: rent tooth, sub-distant to distant ,ventricose, width l-1.5nim., edge dark purplish-red; white; texture fragile fleshy. STEM 2.5-4cia. long, 1-2mm. thick; equal, though sometimes slightly swollen at base; glabrous for the most part, whitish hairs at base; color pale cinnamon brovm (R); cartilaginous. SPORES white, ovoid, apiculate, 6„<?u z 3-7n, smooth. CYSTIDIA numerous on edge of gills, colored dark reddish-purple when :; fresh, color soon fades when mounted; size 32-2u x 5-7u; saape ventricose below the narrowed tip. ODOR mild. TASTE slightly bitter. Gregarious. Usually amongst fallen needles aider conifers, ocaasionally on old wood. Collected in Stanley Park, Eeb.27th., and subsequently. U.B.C.Uyc.Kerb.Iio.107. The only way this plant differs from Kauffman's .-re- forms is in the size, and here v/e find them up to twice as I large as the Michigan forms, although this increase is in the pileus rather than in the stem. -28- (2) M.minutula Pk. Illustrations: Plate YEE, Fig. 1 , of this work. PILEUS 2-.5..5mm. broad, convex to campanulate when young, becoming broadly umbonate; col&r white, surface finely pulverulent; margin entire. FLESH white, membranous, no notice- able changes on injury. GILLS broadly adnate to short-decurrent distant, irregularly once-inserted; comparatively wide, 1-1.,5mm edge entire; color white, membranous. STEM TO-IJjmm. long, 0.5mm, thick, filiform, gradually tapering downwards; surface pulverulent-pruinose; white; fragile, cartilaginous, though not brittle. SPORES white. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR andTASTE not recorded owing to scarcity of specimens. Gregarious. In mossy crotch of living maple tree. Collected in the woods on U.B.C. campus, Mar.17th. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.No.119. This species differs from Peek's description only in the lack of the little veinlets which he says are found between the gills. OD M.galericulata Fr. XXSL G. Illustrations: Plate 2HT,Fig. "2- , of this work. Hard, Mushrooms, P1.16, Fig,89, p.121. PILEUS .7-3-2cm. broad, conic, almost cylindrical, expanding to broadly conic or umbonate; color mummy brown to bister (R); Surface smooth, glutinous when moist, somewhat glaucous; margin entire, striate to umbo. FLESH grayish, no noticeable changes on injury; consistency hygrophanous,. -29- GILLS adnate to adnexed, seceding, leaving a small decurrent poition next the stem, sub-distant, thrice-inserted, inter- venose,ventricose , width j5mm. ,edge entire; color white, be- coming gray with age, tinged pink, and here and there stained reddish brown; texture fleshy-fragile. STEM 3-6.5cm. long, t.j?-2..5mm. thick, mostly equal, though some are grooved longi% tudinally and twisted; surface smooth, fibrillose at base; color same as pileus; cartilaginous, hollow. SPORES white, ovoid elliptical, smooth. CYSTIDIA none or very few. STERILE CELLS found along edge of gill, but few in number. ODOR nitrous, TASTE none. Caespitose. On decaying wood. Collected in the woods, IT.B.C. campus, March ?th. Common. U.B.C.Uyc.Herb.No.-m. This Kvcena seems to come nearest M.galericulata. although the color is pretty dark for it. The sterigmata of the basidia are very prominent, and the sterile cells can be found along the sides of the gills as well as on the edge. Jhey are sac-shaped, some are roughened by short protruberances. A few colorless structures like short stout cystidia were found on the sideii of the gills. (4) M.(polygramma Fr. var.albida) Illustrations:Plate S" , Fig. i * of this work. A t k i n s o n ^ SfL^es 0- flwfc«,'«.-.i -Z.><?; ^ <?<*  N PILEUS 2.5cm. broad, broadly conical, pale smoke- gray, almost white, with drab umbo (R), surface glaucous, ** soon "becoming glabrous , margin, e n t i r e . IFE23E whi te , no n o t i c e - able changes an in ju ry , consistency spongy. S-IEES s inua te -an- nexed, with small de current tooth , sub -d i s t an t , once—inserted, almost equal , ends s l i g h t l y narrowed,wldth T.5-2.mm«. wide f eage e n t i r e ; white;, f r ag i l e - f l e shy . STILL T4-enr. long, T.5-2ami. t h i c k , fi l iform,, lower half: grooTed down, one- s ide so t h a t i t looks If,Tog two sterns a t the has®; surface g labrous ; color white abcre , lig&fc drali selawj suhstanee carir&lsgimaus-. SEQESS white* oToid, saa@tfi^ fl^wrw/l: HSQJES. SEBELZEE (SEEHiS Inverse ly pear-shaped to ggkatXtime:* ©lowered wi th smeJJL rod . - l i i e p r o j e c t i o n s . GuGE. mildly attaoww, l&STE mildly a c r i d . Gaesptitose. (growing on. decaying wood. Collected in. t h the woi®ds> TT.B.C-. campus, March ? t h . H.B.Q.1&B JEEEfrJTQ . TtJ . This specimen, was found, under a slab: of loose hark: in. comparatiipe darkness , which, may account fa r i t s t a l i . , s l en - der growth. The g i l l s remain pure vrhite, but the: specimens da not f i t any of the species described under Kauffmanrs group Jldonidae. I t f i t s EardTs d e s c r i p t i o n of JE. stazmea. p r e t t y well., but the specimens were much mire s lender than, h i s p l a t e of. i t . This might be due to the mo i s t , dark: place: i n which i t was g growing. In EauffmanTs book i t f i t s the desc r ip t ion of M. paly gramma f a i r l y we l l , excep-fr fa* the l a c k of fusiform cys- t i d i a which he says are ahfmdant. In i . tkinson fs "Studies of American Fongi*, P»?4-, he. has a p l a t e which looks exact ly l i k e our specimens. •* -31- fjj) li.parabolica ffr. Illustrations: PlateJX,Pig. 2,., of this work. PIISUS up to 3-5em. broad, conical when young, be- coming broadly umbonate with a recurved margin; color drab to fuscous (E); surface glabrous, moist; margin entire, striate to umbo. SOJESH same color as pileus, ho noticeable changes on in- jury, consistency somewhat hygrophanous. GIELS narrowly ad- nexed, close, twiee-inserted; shape almost equal, squarish cut at outside edge; wi*th4-5am.; edge entire; color smo&e-gray (R) ; fleshy. STEM. 15em. long, 5mm. tfciei:; slightly swollen towards base; glabrous, white fibrillose at base, twisted., splitting longitudinally on pressure; color drab to smo3ce-gEHy(E)j carti- laginous, though somewhat fleshy. SPORES white, smooth, ovoid- elliptical, narrowed at one end. CYSIXDIA none, STERILE CELLS on edge of gills inversely pear-shaped to globose, covered with short spines. ODOR mild, like iodine. TASTE mild. Gregarious. In humus in woods. Collected in the ?>roods on TJ.B.C. campus, Ear eh 9th. Prequent. U.B.C.l^rc.Herb.Ho.112. This specimen appears more liire a Collybia than a ISsrcena in size and general proportions, but no species describ- 1 ed under Colvbia fitted it. In the descriptions it seems to be between H.-parabolica and M.galericulata. It has more gray in it than in Eauffmanfs description of Ivi.galericulataf and it has a noticeable odor. It has wider gills than he reports for M. •parabolica, and our specimen is considerably larger. No cystidia -32- were seen, hut sterile cells are present. It seems to fit M. ;. •paraboliea better than anything else. (65 M.excisa Fr. Illustrations: Plate X , Fig. i , of this work. PILEUS 1.5-2.7cm. broad, convex v;hen young and when expanded; color cinnamon brown to natal brown with fuscous shades (R); surface glaucous when fresh; margin slightly wavy, almost scalloped. FLESH grayish,when fresh, whitish when dry; no noticeable changes on injury; consistency hygrophanous. GILLS narrowly adnexed; sub-distant; twice- to thrice-inserted; broadly ventrieose, surface white-pulverulent; width 4mm., edge entire; intervenose; white, tinged gray next to pileus; texture fleshy. STEM 3-4cm. long, 2-j5mm. thick; equal with small bulb- like dilation at the base; glaucous at first, becoming sub- glutinous; color same as pileus; cartilaginous, stuffed, becom^ ing hollow. SPORES white. CYSTIDIA fairly numerous, quite long and slender. ODOR somewhat nitrous. TASTE mild. Caespitose. On decaying wood. Collected in thu woods, U.B.C. campus, March 14th. Common. U. B. C .Myc .Herb .Ho. 1 tj?. (7) M.inclinata Fr. SET 2. Illustrations: Plate X"  t Fig. a..? of this work. Kauffman, Agaricaceae,of Michigan, Plate CLXX. PILEUS .7-2.3cm. broad, conic,deeply so, remaining conic-campanulate; color fuscous in center to bister at margin, -33- (R), surface striate to umbo, undulate from umbo to margin, margin entire at first, becoming finely scalloped. FLESH color like pileus or slightly lighter; becoming white on dryingijf consistency hygrophanous. GILLS annexed (with a small decurrent tooth in a few cases),close to sub-distant, thrice- inserted; ventrieose, comparatively narrow, 1-2mm., edge entire; white, becoming gray; texture fleshy, fragile. STEM 4.5cm. long, 1-1.5mm. thick, equal, smooth, white strigose at base; color same as pileus; cartilaginous. SPORES white. CYSTIDIA none. STERILE CELLS on the edge of the gills short stout, papillate. ODOR decidedly nitrous. TASTE none. Caespitose. On rotten wood. Collected in the woods, U.B.C. campus, March 14th. Common. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Ho.116. (8) M.alcalina Fr. Illustrations: Plate SKZ, Fig. 1 , of this work. PILEUS 1.^-2,5cm. broad, conic to hemispherical, becoming broadly conic or campaimlate,; color drab onrthe umbo, fading to light drab at the edge; surface glabrous, striate top umbo, in many cases with a darker ring half way betv/een umbo and margin; margin entire. FLESH grayish white, translucent; no noticeable changes on injury, somewhat hygrophanous. GILLS adnexed, occasionally with a decurrent tooth; sub-distant, twice-inserted; almost e_qual, width 2mm., edge entire; inter- venose; white, slowly graying, tinged flesh color; texture -34- fragile-fleshy. STEM 5-6„5cm. long, 1,5-2mm. wide; filiform, equal; glabrous, hardly glutinous "but moist; white fibrillose at base; color light drab (R); cartilaginous. SPORES white, ovoid elliptical, granular. CYSTIDIA none. STERILE CELLS on edge of gills short, stout, papillate. ODOR mildly nitrous. TASTE slightly bitter. Caespitose. On decaying, moss-covered logs. Collect- ed in the woods, IT.B.C. campus, March 9th. and later. TJ.B.C.Myc.Herb.Io. 110. (9) M.ammoniaca Er. Illustrations: Plate 2ST, Fig. /o , of this work. PILEUS 5-7mm. broad, conic,gray, smooth, faintly striate, margin entire. FLESH color same as pileus, becoming pale gray when dry, hygrophanous, GILLS adnexed with very striking decurrent tooth, rather close, once-inserted, narrow- ly ventricose, scarcely 1mm. v/ide, edge Entire;color grayish white, texture fleshy. STEM 3-4,5cm. long, ,7-fmm. thick, equal, almost fifliform; glabrous, not visdid; grayish-fawn, cartilaginous. SPORES white, pip-shaped. CYSTIDIA none. STERILE cells on sides and edge of gills, inversely pear shaped, cover- ed with short rod-like projections, very numerous on the edges of the gills. ODOR decidedly alkaline. TASTE like its odor. (10) Mvcena sx>. Illustrations:Plate XT ,FIg. l , of this work. *« • $ W * -35- PILEUS 2-3.4cm. "broad, conic to campanulate; umbo fuscous, margin drab (R)';. surface smooth, striatulate; margin entire, splitting radially in some of the older specimens. FLESH very thin, color same as pileus, somewhat hygrophanous, no noticeable changes on injury, consistency spongy. STEM <?-13cm. long, 2-3.5cui. thick; equal, with base slightly swol- len, or compressed laterally; glutinous to lips, slippery when collected; base fibrillose; color light fuscous (R3; cartilagin- ous, slightly fibrous-elastic; hollow. SPORES white, ovoid ell liptical, pointed at one end, 10.1u x 5-3u. CYSTIDIA none. STERILE CELLS inversely pear-shaped to globose, covered with short, rod-like projections; sterile cells most noticeable at edge of gills. Gregarious to caespitose amongst fallen leaves in the woods. Collected in the woods, IT.B.C. campus, and in Stanley Park, Jan.31st. and later. U.B.C.Kyc.Herb.Ho.47. This LJjjfcena seems to fit the species M. me tat a better than any other, but it does not fit it in all points. It has a sub-viscid stem like M.alcalina. but its sterile cells are different. Its habit is like that of M.ammoniaca, and the gills at least in some specimens are uncinate, stem is slippery, but general size is larger, and odor is nitrous but not strong- ly so. The gills of this species are peculiarly attached to the stem, the hymenium of one gill being continuous with the hyraen- ium of the next, and a somewhat collar-like structure is formed", -36- attached to stem, yet stem can be pulled out and collar lefta intaciiilt differs!" from M.metata in the uncinate gills. (11) M. ( lex>toceuhala ?̂  Fr. Illustaations: Plate EM, Fig. 3 , of this work. PILEUS 1-2.7cm. broad, conic, becoming umbonate, avellaneous to wood brown, darker on umbo (Rj; smooth, some- what striate; margin slightly incised in young specimens, be- coming fimbriate in older ones.FLESH dingy white, becoming darker, with a water-soaked appearance on injury; consistency spongy. GILLS adnexed, sub-distant, twice to thrice inserted, intervenose; Tentricose, width Jmm., edge entire; white; fleshy. STEM 2-3„3cm. long, 1-3mm. thick, slightly swollen at base; smooth, white-hairy at base; color same as pileus; carti- laginous. SPORES white, ovoid, apiculate, smooth,6.4u x 4.8u. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR somewhat like iodine. TASTE slightly astrin- gent. Caespitose. On decaying logs in woods. Collected in the woods, U.B.C. campus, Dec.3rd. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.lTo. 39. (12) M.atroalba Fr. Illustrations: Plate^^, Fig, Q , of this work. PILEUS .3-2.3cm. broad, hemispherical, becoming conic-campanulate; smoke-gray (R); smooth, somewhat striate, aargim entire. FLESH smoke gray (R5; darkens, with a water- -37- soaked appearance on injury; consistency spongy. GILLS adnexed, sub-distant, twice inserted, narrowly ventricose, width 2mm., edge entire, white, slightly dingy, textuie fleshy. STEM 2.5- 5.5cm. long, 1-2.5mm. thick, equal, smooth; color same as pileus at top, steadily darkening towards "base; cartilaginous or slight- ly fibrous. SPORES v/hite, ovoid elliptical, smooth, J.3u x jj.Ou. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR mild. TASTE acrid. Gregarious. En humus in woods. Collected in the woods on U.B.C. campus Dec.3rd. U.B.C.l$re.Herh.No. 35. 13. Collvbia Fr. Only two species of this genus were collected, and neither of the species was satisfactorily determined. A. Pileus avellaneous to v/ood "brown, flesh thin (1) CollvMa ST>. AA.Pileus red or slightly "brownish-red, flesh thick (2) C. (conflaens ?). (1) Collv"bia SD. Illustrations: Plate KT,Fig. £. , of this work, XX332 -2. PILEUS 2-5cm. "broad, conical, "becoming "broadly umhonate, margin of pileus recurving; avellaneous to wood "brown (R); surface smooth; striate;; margin entire, "becoming fimbriate. FLESH dingy white to concolorous with the pileus; "becomes darker on injury; very thin; consistency spongy. -38- GILLS subdistant, three to four times inserted; ventricose, width up to 4mm., edge entire; color grayish-"brown, lighter th than pileus; water soaked appearance, fleshy. STEM 6-8cm. long, 2-4mm. thick; almost equal, "base slightly -swollen; glabrous ex- cept for long soft hairs extending up to 2cm. from "base; color same as pileus, fading dark "brown; substance cartilaginous. SPORES white, lemon-shaped,7.8u x 4.1u. CTSTIDIA none. ODOR mild, rather pleasant. TASTE mild or none. Gregarious to caespitose. On humus in woods. Collect- ed in the woods on the campus, Nov.16th. Infrequent. TJ.B.C.lye.Herb.Ho. 21. The trama of this species is filamentous, and the gills are intervenose. It does not fit any species described in our literature. (2) £. (confluens ?) m_ l Illustrations: Plate XH^Eig. 1 , in this work. Hard, Mushrooms, p.114. PILEUS 5-5cm. broad, hemispherical becoming broadly umbonate, red or brownish-red; surface smooth, somewhat glutin- ous; margin entire. FLESH white, with brownish-red tinge under cuticle; darkens when bruised; consistency cheesey. GILLS ad- nexed; broader next stem; width 7nim. ; edge decidedly undulate; v/hite; fleshy. STEM 4.5cm. long, 6-8mm. thick, slightly broader towards base; covered with fine hairs at top, rest smooth, some- what striate; white to pale brown; fleshy-fibrous. SPORES white, globose, 2.8u in diameter. CTSTIDIA none. ODOR and TASTE mild. -39- Gregarios to caespitose. On humus in the woods. Collected in the woods, IT.B.C. campus, Oct. 29feh. Infrequent. U.B.C.IJyc.Herh.IIo. 13. The basdidia of this species have very prominent ste- rigmata, and are worthy of mention in the description. GROUP II. SPORES OCHRE O MASS. 14. Paxillus Fr. Several Paxillus-like forms were collected, but only one tfas definitely determined. Paxillus involutus Fg. Illustrations: Platexxuyi Fig. s of this work. Ricken, Blatterpilze, PI.28, Fig.2. Atkinson,"Mushrooms, Fig.133, p.166. Hard,Mushrooms, Fig.2j52, p.287. PILEUS 3-^cm. broad, slightly umbonate, becoming de- pressed, color yellowish brown, surface smooth, somewhat glutin- ous, margin entire. FLESH creamy white, changes little or none, darkening only slightly on bruising; consistency cheesey, GILLS adnexed to slightly decurrent, clese; width 3-5mm., slightly narrower at outer edge; edge entire; color tawny brown; texture fleshy. STEM 2-5cm. long, 4-tOmm. thick, equal;? surface covered with very fine hairs; color same as pileus; texture fibrous, hol- low. SPORES ochre, ovoid-elliptical, smooth, 6.?u x 3.7u. CYSTID- IA present, ventricose below a cylindrical upper half, not abun- dant. OHOR mild, TASTE mildly acrid. *< -40- Gregarious.iln grass and "bracken. Collected along the edge of the "boulevard on the campus, Nov. 3rd. U.B.C.%c.Herb.No. 16. Partial veil cobwebby, very fine. 15. Gortinarius $r. Five species of this genus were recognized as distinct $prms, and these may be separated with the aid of the following key: A. Pileus and stem very scaly .(1) £kMs§££a£S£. AA.Pileus and stem not scaly. B. Pileus violet or purplish,,, (2 ) C(alboviolaoeous?) BB.Pileus not violet or purple. C. Pileus oehraceous orange to tawny (R) : (3) .Cortinariusrs-p. (117) CC.Pileus hazel (R) or darker. B. Spores rough, over 10u long..(4) Cortinarius sp.t7) BD.Spores smooth, under 10u long.(5) C.riftidus.. (1) £. squarrosus Clem. Illustrations: Plate M. ,Pig. 1 , of this work. mm - x PILEUS t-3cm. broad, conical to hemispherical, be- coming less deeply convex; color chocolate browm; surface cover- ed with scales; margin fringed with remnants of cobwebby partial veil. FLESH creamy white, becoming brown on injury,consistency cheesey and dry. GILLS adnate to adnexed; close to crowded; width 3mm, narrower at outer edge; edge entire; color light brown -41- texture fleshy. PARTIAL VEIL present, cobwebby, remaining as i' fringe on cap. AOTU1US suggested by presence of shreds of the veil, soon disappearing. STEM 1.5-6cm. long, 3-7»3mm. thick, equal, densely scaly, especially below the point where the par- tial veil reaches stem; almost white at top, steadily darkening to brown at base; texture rather tough-fibrous. SPORES light brown, ovoid-elliptical, smooth, 6.1u x 4.2u. CYSTIDIA present, rough, short and blunt, 16.4U x S.4u, abundant. ODOR mild. TASTE mild. Densely caespitose. On lawn. Collected on the boulevard, U.B.C. campus, Ifov. 3rd. Common in the Pall. U.B.C.Mye.Herb.No.15. (2) C.Calboviolaceous ?) Illustrations: Plate ML , Fig. "Z. ,of this work. xxvui •• y. PILEUS 1.6cm, broad, almost spherical at first, be- coming conical then broadly umbonate; color purplish, violet; surface smooth, with long soft hairs adhering close; margin of pileus persistently incurved, with fragments of veil adhering. FLESH creamy white, no noticeable changes on injury, consist- ency cheesey. GILLS adnate to adnexed, seceding, close, width 3mm., edge fimbriate with cystidia; color at first dingy white, then light brownish; texture fleshy. PARTIAL VEIL white, cobweb- by. STEM 3cm.long, 3mm, thick; almost Q.quq.1, very slightly larger at the base; surface smooth, slightly striate, color violet, becoming brownish with age; fie shy-fibrous. SPORES ochre, ovoid*̂ -42- elliptical. CYSTIDIA abundant, upper half cylindrical, lower half ventricose, tips crystalline. ODOR mild. TASTE slightly bitter. Gregarious. On mossy ground in the woods. Collected in Stanley Park Oct. 26th. Infrequent. H.B.C.Mye.Herb.No. 9. Just like the picture of C. ioflloides in Kauffman's "Agarieaceae of Michigan", hut more like Marshall*s C,, albo- violaceous as afr as descriptions go. Spores 7-7u x 3-3u. Cystidia 56.1 x 13.3u. (3) Cortinarius SP. Illustrations: Flgtexwiy Fig,4- , of this work. PILEUS 2cm. "broad, conic campanulate, becoming umbo- nate; color ochraceous orange to tawny (R); surface very smooth almost polished; margin persistently incurved, entire, veil remaining as a fringe when young, soon disappearing. FLESH creamy white, becoming yellow on injury or exposure; consis- tency spongy, thick at umbo. GILLS adnate, seceding, rounded behind; close; width 3-4mm., edge entire; color chamois to cinnamon buff (R), texture fleshy. PARTIAL VEIL cobwebby, chocolate brown, forming an annulus. ANMJLUS present, of chocolate brown hair-like fibrils. STEM 4-5cm. long, 3.3-4.3mm. thick; equal to slightly attenuated dovmwards; surface faintly striate, a few shreds of veil here and there; creamy white above, - < brownish below; substance fieshy-fibrous. SPORES ochre. -43- CYSTIDIA none. ODOR mild. TASTE slightly astringent. Caespitose, not densely so. On very rotten wood. Collected on the campus, March 1.5th. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Ho.117- (4) Cortinarius sv. Illustrations: Plate SJZ", Fig. 1 , of this work. PI1EUS 3.5cm. "broad, plane, slighily convex, or "becoming slightly depressed; color dark "brown; surface covered with fine, slender hairs; margin even, somewhat striate. FLESH color dark "brown, "becoming darker and juicier with age, consis- tency spongy. G-IL1S adnate to adnexed, sub-distant, twice inser- ted; width 6mm..narrower at outer, edge, edge entire; color dark brown, texture fleshy. STEM 5.5cm. long, 5mm. thick, eompara%iir§ • I tively slender, broader at base; smooth, slightly striate; color dark brown; substance fieshy-fibrous. SPORES rusty brown or a little darker, almost pip-shaped, rough, 11.Ou x 6.1u. CYSTIDIA none. Trama filamentous. Single, hardly gregarious. In mossy earth in the woods. Collected in Stanley Park, 0et. 2 6th. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Uo.7. (53 C.rigidus ISogea) Rioken. xvviir, Q. Illustrations: Plate ST, Fig, 2- , of this work. Ricken Blatterpilze. PILEUS 1.5-2.3cm. broad, convex, hazel (R),when moist becoming lighter on drying; surface appears glabrous when moist, -44- and is striate, becoming whitish pulverulenton drying; margin entire. FLESH same color as pileus, becoming creamy white on drying; consistency hygrophanous. GILLS adnate to short decur- rent.close to sub-distant, $wo to three times inserted; width up to 3«.5mm, narrower at front, edge fimbriate; color light ochraceous buff (R) to concolorous with pileus; texture fleshy. PARTIAL VEIL cobwebby, remnaits on edge of pileus soon disappear AEHULUS seen in very young specimens, evanescent. STEM 3.3cm. lomg, 3iam. thick, equal, or slightly swollen towards base and apex; Glabrous(moist) striate with appressed fibrils (dry)} color same as pileus; substance fibrous with a cartilaginous rind. SPORES ochre, ovoid-elliptical, smooth. CYSTIDIA none. STERILE CELLS present on the edge of the gills. ODOR fungoid. Gregarious. On plant material, mostly cat-tail leaves and elder twigs. Several were found on living elder as high as three feet off the ground. Collected in Stanley Park (Beaver Lake) March 19th. U.B. C.Myc.Herb.No. 12.5. 1 6 . FT fl-niTrm,! a. F r . Two species have been included here, one definitely known to belong to this genus, the other placed here tentatively, as it seems to fit here better than anywhere else. (1) Flammula echinulis-porus Murr. Illustrations: Plate 1KML, Fig. C , in this work. PILEUS 13.5cm. broad,convex, golden yellow, smooth,* -45- with slender hairs appressed; margin entire, slightly inrolled. FLESH orange yellow, no noticeable changes on injury, consist- ency spongy, GILLS adnate to sub-decurrent, close to srowderd , four to five times inserted, width 5mm.or more, color same as pileus; texture fleshy,STEM 1t.2cm. long, 2.5cm thick; equal, striate with dark hairs appressed in streaks; color golden yellow; substance fleshy fibrous. SPORES ochre, lemon-shaped, rough, 8.2u x 5.2u. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR mild. TASTE ecrid. Single. On root of an old cedar tree. Collected in Point Grey, HOT.22nd. Infrequent. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.No. 28. (2) Flammula fi£. ?. Illustrations: Plate x£a; Fig. y. , of this work. PILEUS 1.5-2.5cm. broad, convex at first, becoming plane then cup- or bowl-shaped, scarcely infundibuliform; color clay color to tawny olive, becoming Saccardo's umber when old{R) glabrous, hargin entire, becoming markedly striate in old spe- cimens. FLESH creamy white, no noticeable changes on injury, spongy. GILLS adnate becoming emarginate, close to sub-distant, width 5mm., edge entire; cinnamon buff to clay color (R); tex- ture flashy. STEM 2-3.5cm. long, 4-5mm. thick, terete when young, compressed laterally when old; smooth, faintly striate; concolorous with pileus or lighter when dry; fibrous, tearing in longitudinal strips; hollow. SfORES ochre, pip-shaped, smooth, 8.7u x 5.0u. CYSTIDIA hsne . ODOR mild. TASTE mildly , farinaceous. -4 b- Gregarious. On wood in soil. Collected in Grand- view, Feb.tBth. Infrequent, In this form the stem is confluent with thw pileus and the trama As filamentous. 17. EftQc.ybe..Fr. Two species p&aced here tentatively. Ai )PIlea$supito 2cm. broad, stem at first annular; single or gregarious (1) I.(hvstrix ?) AA.Pileus 2-4cm. broad; stem not annular; densely caespitose.. (2) I.daoera ?1. (1) I.thvstrix ?^. ZEZEI i~ Illustrations: PlateX2t,Fig. 1 , in this work. PILEUS Wcm. broad, convex, wood brown to Hatal brown (R), very scaly with more or less appressed scales, margin even, though in parts a web-like to membranous veil ad- heres. FLESH creamy white,no noticeable changes on injury, consistency spongy, GILLS sinuate-adnexed, close, width 3.5mm., narrowing towards outer edge, edge entire; color buffy ochraceo-as, fleshy. PARTIAL VEIL present, web-like to membranous. AHEULUS present In young specimens, left as scales of the veil, soon disappears. STEM 4om. long, .5-.6cm. thick, equal, very scaly, scales more or less in rows around stem, scales markedly re- curved; oolor of stem wood brown to buff (R); fleshy fibrous. SPORES smooth, ochre, J5.9 u x 3.9u. CYSTILIA present,ventricose, 25.5u x 7.8u. ODOR mild. -47- Gregarious, In humus in woods. Collected on the campus, t f . B . C , Dec.10th. Infrequent . U.B. CJiyc.Herb.ilo. 44. (2) U l c e r e , ?) Illustrations : Plate 33Z, Fig. I <-*-., in this work. PILEUS 2-4cm. broad, convex becoming plane, edge pinkish buff, disc Saccardo's umber (R), surface slightly scaly with scales appressed except at edge; margin entire. FLESH white at first, becoming yellowish brown with a water-soaked appearan&e; no noticeable changes An injury; spongy. GILLS adnexed, close to crowded, three to four times inserted, width 5-6mm., almost equal, slightly narrower at outer edge, edge en- tire; color snuff brown to cinnamon brown (R), fleshy but fragile. PARTIAL VEIL membranous, remnants clinging to edge of pileus. AJJtHUHJS none. STEM 3-6cm. long, 3-6mm. thick; equal or slight- ly swollen towards base; scaly, especially when young; color almost same as pileus; fibrous, with a cartilaginous rind. SPORES ochre, smooth, 5.?u x 3.6u. CYSTILIA present, ventri- cose with a narrowed tip, rough, j51.?u x 17.4u. ODOR mild. TASTE a little like raw turnip. Densely caespitose. On lawns. Collected on the U.B.C. boulevard, Hov.l6th. Common in the Fall. U.B.C.Jftrc.Herb.Ko. 2. 1 8 . fie.b,eA9ffift Jfe. Only one species of this genus was collected. -43- Hebelona c o ^ i n l ££• Illustrations PlateX^Fig. s , of this work. PILEUS 1.5cm. "broad, convex, drab grayish "brown, smooth, margin entire. FLESH color same as pileus, no noticeable changes on injury, consistency spongy. GILLS free, close, "broadly ventricose, width jtara* ,edge entire; white at first, later yellowish brown, fleshy. STEM 7cm. long, 2mm. thick, equal ex- oept that it "broadens slightly at "base; surface smooth, shining; color dingy white; stuffed or solid. SPORES ochre, ovoid, smooth, 8.2u x 6.2u. CYSTTDIA very few. ODOR mild. TASTE rather pleas- ant. Gregarious. In woods. Collected on the campus, Dec.3rd. Infrequent. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Ho.41. Only two specimens of this were collected, and in one of these the earth had stuck in a bulb at the base of th e stem. In the other one there was no such bulb, but whether the sten had been broken or not could not be decided. The plant fits Kauffman's description of Hebeloma colvini fairly well, so it war, pi awed there. 1?. jpfflopria, Fr. Two species of this genus were determined, and may be separated as follows: A. Pileus up to 5nm. broad, habitat in moss on living trees.... (1 JU.itfiftieola. AA.Pileus 8-13mm. broad, habitat grassy roadsides • • f? Ill, smnl orbicular is. • -49- (1$ E.lignicola Pk. Illustrations: PlateMSq. Fig « , of. this work. PILEUS 4-5mm. "broad, hemispherical "becoming convex, tawny olive to Buckthorn "brown (R), surface smooth, slightly glutinous when moist; margin somewhat scalloped in mature pilei. FLESH concolorous, no noticeable.changes on injury, membranous, GILLS adnate, few, distant; ventricose, width 1mm,, edge white pruinose; color same as pileus; fragile. STEM 7-1.5nim. long, -3--̂ aua. thick, filiform, equal; pulverulent pruinose at top, rest glabrous; color like pileus and darker; fragile, cartilaginous. SPORES ochre, narrowed at one end, smooth, 10.^u x 6„9u. CYSTIDIA none. Sac-shaped cells along edge of gills are probably sterile cells. ODOR none. TASTE unpleasant, as- tringent, affects roof of mouth. Gregarious. Amongst moss on living tree trunks. Collected in Stanley Park, <8B£b. 27th. Comparatively common. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Ho. 10?. (2) H.semiorbicularis Fr. Illustrations: PlateXS^p Fig. C. , of this work. PILEUS B-IJram, broad, hemispherical to conical, Buckthorn brown, with umbo and striae of Dresden brown (R); glabrous, slightly viscid when moist; margin at first incurved; later becoming crenulate, and striate to umbo. FLESH very thin, same color as pileus, fragile. GILLS adnate, seceding, sub- distant, ventricose, width 3mm., edge whitish pulverulent; -30- color same as pileus; fragile. STEM 3-6cm. long, 1-2mra. thick, eqjtal, but swollen at base into spongy, mycelioid bulblet, sur- face minutely white pulverulent, color same as pileus; somewhat cartilaginous, though fibrous, hollow. SPORES ochre, ovoid, smooth, 11.2u x 5*2u. CYSTIDIA none» STERILE CELLS on edge of gills, capitate, ventricose, 39.4u x 7-3u. ODOR mild. TASTE slighily acrid. Gregarious. Along ditch at edge of the road. Collected near the campus, Feb.3rd. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.No. 48. 20. GAlera Fr. Three species of Galera were found, one identified as G-.tenera. the other two not fitting any of the descriptions on hand. (1) A. Basidia 2-spored, no capitate sterile cells. .Galera su-. (n8) A AA.Basidia 4-spored, capitate sterile cells present B. Cystidia scattered on sidesrof gills..(23G.tenera. BB.Uo cystidia on sides of gills......... (3) Galera st>.(124") (1) Galera SD. Illustrations:XXmj Fig. S- , in this work. PILEUS 3mm. broad, conic to campanulate,sayal brown (moistj, cinnamon buff (R) when dry; striate, margin entire; FLESH creamy white, darkening on injury, consistency spongy. GILLS adnate to sinuate adnexed, once-inserted, distant; ventri- cose, 1mm. wide, surface and edge minutely pulverulent; color -51- same as pileus; fragile. STEM 3cm. long, 1.5mm. thick, equal, glabrous, pulverulent under pileus; concolorous; cartilaginous. SPORES ochre, ovoid elliptical, smooth. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR and TASTE none . Gregarious. On moss-covered log. Collected near the campus, March 14th . Infrequent. U.B.C.Myc.HSrb.Uo.118. This Galera does not seem to fit any of the Michigan species. Its 2-spored basidia are very noticeable, byt cystidia or sterile cells are not readily seen. The cells which look like pointed sterile cells at the edge of the gill, are probably basidia in side view. It looks like the picture of G. sxiartea in Ricken, but it does not agree with his description of this form. (2) G.tenera Er. y~yv|H_ to Illustrations: Plate £21,Fig. ̂ . , in this work. PILEUS 5-12mm. broad, conical, Buckthorn brown (R), surface glabrous, slightly glutinous when moist; margin striate to umbo, scalloped in mature pileus. ELESH concolorous with pileus, becoming creamy white when dry; spongy, hygrophanous. GILLS adnate, seceding, sub-distant; ventricose, 2.5mm. wide, edge pulverulent; color same as pileus, textute fragile. STEM 4-6.5cm. long, t-1.5mm. thick, filiform, equal or very slightly swollen at base; minutely pruinose, especially under cap; con- colorous right under pileus to Vandyke brown or chestnut (R) at̂ -52- "base; cartilaginous. SPORES ochre, unequally elliptical, some- what pip-shaped, 8. 7u x 5.J>VL. CYSTIDIA on sides and edges of gills capitate in some cases, but not in all, 6o.£hi x 10.^u. ODOR fungoid. TASTE farinaceous. Gregarious. On roadsides. Collected near the campus and in Stanley Park, FSb. 2 7th. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.IIo. 108. O ) G-alera £jj. Illustrations: Plate"X£n^Fig. 3. ,of this work. PIIEUS 10-l6mm. "broad, convex campanulate, Buckthorn "brown (R), glabrous, striate, moist but scarcely glutinous, margin entire. ELESH concolorous, becoming creamy white on drying, hygrophanous. GILLS adnate seceding, rounded behind, sub-distant, twice inserted; broadly ventricose, 2-3mm. wide, edge entire; concolorous or lighter, fleshy. STEM .5-6cm. long, t.jj-Jmm. thick, terete, slightly swollen at base; glabrous except for pruinosity at very tpp; concolorous; cartilaginous. SPORES ochre. CYSTIDIA none. STERILE CELLS on edge of gills capitate, but not very numerous. ODOR mild. TASTE slightly astringent. Gregarious. In grassy places. Collected in Stanley Park , March l?th. TJ.B.C.Myc.Herb.lTo. 124. Another Galera-like form which was collected but which was not included in the key is described as follows; -53- PILEUS 5-1Gmm. "broad, conical becoming umbonate or convex; tawny brovm, surface smooth, margin entire. FLESH slightly lighter than pileus in color, no noticeable changes on injury, very thin. GILLS sinuate adnate, rather distant, twice insertedi Tkmm. broad, narrowing slightly to outside, edge entire; color same as pileus; rather fragile. STEM 2-3*5 cm. long, 1-1.5mm. thick, equal, glabrous except for a slight pulverrtlence under the cap; color dark brown, lighter at top; fibrous, SPOBUS ochre, lemon-shaped, rough, 6.4u x 4.3u. CYSTIDIA none. ODOE mild. TASTE unpleasant. Gregarious. Amongst bracken and grass. Collected along the boulevard on the campus, Nov. 3rd, U.B.C.Myc.Herb.No.17. GROUP III. SPORES PINK IE MASS. No representatives of this group v/ere collected, GROUP IV. SPORES PURPLE-BR OWN IN MASS.. 21.Psalliota.Er. Three species were collected, to separate which the following key was made; A. Flesh becoming red on Injury (1 lP.haemorrhndaria. AA.Flesh not becoming red on injury. B. Annulus double (2 ) P.placomvces. BB.Annulus single (3) P.BftLUP"U SJL. -54- (1) P. haemorrhodaria Pr. Illustrations: Plate XxQ.Pig. s* , of this work. PILEUS 5cm. "broad, convex, vinaceous buff at edge, mottled with vinaceous drab (R); surface covered with brown- ish, appressed, fibrillose scales; margin slightly incurved. PXBSH rosy white, becoming red on injury, consistency spongy. GILLS free, close to crowded, ventricose, width 5mm,, aage entire; color vinaceous brown to sorghum brown (R), fleshy. PARTIAL VEIL remains on edge of pileus as thin line. ANHULUS present, moderately fleshy, pendulous. STEM 6.5 cm. long, 8mm, thiclc; equal to slightly narrower at base; surface slightly fibrillose scaly; color much like pileus; fieshy-fibrous, stuffed. SPORES dark brown, oval, smooth, 5.7u x 3.7u. CYS- TIDIA none. STERILE CELLS on edge of gills infreguent, 38.7u x ?.8u. ODOR mild. TASTE mild, somewhat pleasant. Solitary. In woods. Collected in the woods on the campus Dec.3rd. Rare. U.B.C.Mye.Herb.Ho.38. (2) P.-placomvces Pk. XZ3X C. Illustrations: flateX2H, Pig. .2., of this work. Hard, Mushrooms, 255-257, PP.314-316. PILEUS 9.5-16cm. broad, conical to sub-hemispherical, becoming plane, color brownish drab on edge, with disc and scales of Vandyke brown (R); surface cohered with appressed fibrillose scales, margin entire. BLESH white, no change on * injury, spongy. GILLS free, close to erowded, ventricose, up -55- to t4mm. wide, edge entire; pale pink at first, becoming dark brown and powdery with spores; texture fleshy. PARTIAL VBII fleshy membranous, Annulus present, double. STEM j5-t7cm. long, ^-l8mm. thick, equal, surface somewhat striate with long appress- ed fibrils, color brownish drab (R), darker near gills, substance fleshy fibrous, stuffed. SPORES purple-brown,,6*4u x 5.0u. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR and TASTE mild. Gregarious. In the woods. Collected mn the campus Dec. ?th. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.No. t. (3) Psalliota SP. Illustrations: Plate xxiy ~Fig. s, of this v/ork. PILEUS 7cm. broad, convex, white to brownish white, cohered with very fine hairs lying close to pileus, margin entire, slightly inrolled. FLESH dingy white, no change v/hen injured, spongy. GILLS free, crowded, ventricose, width 7mm., color chocolate brown, texture fleshy. PARTIAL VEIL present, rupturing close to margin of pileus. ANNULUS wide, flabby, J4 single. STEM ?em. long, 1.5cm.thick, swollen at base, surface flocculent, especially the lower part under the annulus; color white, brownish inside; fleshy fibrous. SPORES dark brown, ovoid elliptical, 6.4u x 4.4u. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR and TASTE mild. Solitary. In the woods. Collected in Stanley Park, Oct. 26th. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.No, 8. * -56- 22.Stropharia Fr. Two forms were collected, and although rather differ- ent in appearance, one might pass for an older form of the other. Both seemed to agree with the description if S_, albo- nitens pretty well. Both forms are described here. (t) S.albonitens Fr. {young plants ?). Illustrations: Plate ***, Fig. a• , of this work. XVM a. FILEUS 3-2cm. broad, conic to sub-hemispheriaal, Tilleul buff with avellaneous disc (R), surface finely velvety, somewhat striate to umbo. FLESH dingy white, becoming darker, with a water-soaked appearance on injury, spongy. GILLS adnexed, close, ventricose, .5 mm. wide, edge white, beaded with cystidia; color smoky grayish brown, fleshy. AEKTJLUS present, upper side bearing marks of gills. STEM Bern, long, 6mm. thick, gradually swelling towards base, squamous abotrer annulus, smooth and shining below; color dingy white, somewhat fibrous, especially the rind. SPORES purple-brown, smooth, oblong-elliptical, 5-3u x 4.jhi. CYSTIDIA numerous, ventricose, 5J.0 u x tt.fu. ODOR and TASTE mild. Gregarious. In the woods. Collected on the campus Dec. j5rd. Infrequent. U.B.C.Myo.Eer'b.Ko, 36. (2) S. albonitens jgr. (older plant ?) Illustrations: Plate xx* ,Fig. 1 , of this tfork. PILEUS 6cm. broad, broadly umbonate or campanulate, « -57- color avellaneous (R), surface glabrous, faintly rugulose at edge with striae, margin striate. FLESH smae color as pileus, becom- ing lighter on drying, hygrophanous. GILLS adnate to adnexed, close, thrice inserted; ventricose, width 7mm., edge minutely fimbriate, color light cinnamon drab to cinnamon drab (R), fleshy. AMULUS delicate, hanging down against stem. STEM 8cm. long, 7mm. thick; terete, thicker towards base, surface floccose above annulus, faintly striate below, and shining; color creamy white; substance brittle, cartilaginous. SPORES purple-brown. Single, in the woods. The small forms fit the spe- cies better than does the large one. Collected on campus,Mar.3?. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Ho.125>. 25.R?"Pholoma Pr. Six species of this genera were recognized, and may be separated with the aid of this key: on young specimens A. Pileus viscid; veil very noticeable, white, floccose A 11 5 H.ca-pnoides. AA.Pileus not viscid; veil cobwebby, usually leaving o&ly a brown line at edge of pileus. B. Gills and pileus with marked olivaceous shades (2) H,ffasciculare. BB. Gills and pileus not as above. C. Spores rough (3) H.velutinum. CC, Spores smooth. « D. Pileus decidedly hygrophanous; Buckthorn brown to -53- Prout's brown (R) (43 H.hvdrophilunK DD.Pileus not hygrophanous; chamois to Saccardo's umber (R) .,, E. Pileus silky shining, chamois, (R)..... (33 H. euizanthum,. EE. Pileus dull; tawny olive to Saccardo's umber (R) (6) E. sublateritton var.Schaefferi. (t) H. capnoides Fr. yx | y y Illustrations: Plate~3X, Big. L , of this work. PILEUS 2.7-8cm. broad, convex to umbonate, becoming plane, cracknel yellow to golden brown, surface glutinous, very smooth when dry, margin even with remnants of white pendulous veil. FLESH white,'becoming pale yellow when injuBedf cheesey. GILLS slightly decurrent, later sinuate adnexed; fairly close; narrowing to outer edge, width 3«5-5nim, edge serrate and wavy; color pale brownish gray at first to dark taupe; fleshy. STEM 9-13.3em. long, 7-tOmra. thick, very slightly swollen at base; surface covered with white downy scales when young, later smooth; white at first, becoming pale brownish; fleshy fibrous. SPORES purple brown, elliptical, 13.2u x 1 .J>u. CYSTIDIA present 33.Bu x 11.3u. ODOR and TASTE like raw potato. Gregarious and singly, in woods. Collected Oct.2 8. on the campus. i -59- (2) H. fascioulare Fr. Illustrations: Plate W/i| Fig. ^-, of this work. xxiy •. a. PILEITS l.jp-JJcm. broad, conTex, becoming broadly umbonate, color brownish with dirty greenish yellow wdges; surface covered with very fine rather short hairs, margin even, sometimes slightly scaly, FLESH yellow, becoming darker on injury, spongy. GILLS adnexed, close, 4mm. wide, edge entire but slightly wavy; color greenish to olive-brown; fleshy. STEM j$.J5~9em. long, ^-5mm. thick, equal, almost smooth, slightly granular on top; color yellow, becoming cinnamon brown with age; fibrous, sub-cartilaginous. SPORES purplish -brown, elliptical, 6.9 x 4.tu, smooth. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR mild. TASTE slighily acrid. Densely caespitose. On decaying firs. Collected in •I. . the woods on the campus Oct.29th. Common in the Fall. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Ho. 12. (3) H.velutinum (Fr) Quel. V[ • xxix. Fig. s. This specimen was identified satisfactorily as the species given here, but no field notes were recorded for it, so it is impossible to give its description here. (4) H.hydroTihilum Fr. (Sense of SaccardoO. Illustrations: Platex*i,Fig. i , of this work. PILEUS t.5-6.5 cm. broad, conic to hemispherical, when expanded remaining convex or becoming almost plane, -60- Buekthorn brown to Prout's brown (R), becoming ochraceous when dry; surface very finely pulverulent, margin entire. FLESH Prout's brown (R) , semi-transparent, firm, jelly-like, hygroph- anous. GILLS adnexed, close, ventricose, 2-4mm. wide; edge white, beaded; color smoky grayish brown, fleshy. PARTIAL VEIL distinct, cobweb-like. AHHULUS nonp. STEM 4-7cm. long, 3.̂ -5-̂ nim. thick, slightly swollen at base; surface smooth, & shining, base villose; color creamy brown, top in some colored dark brown with spores ; fibrous rind, partly cartilaginous. SPORES purple brown, ovoid elliptical, smooth, jj.̂ u. x J5„2u. CYSTIDIA abundant, 37.0u x 11.Qu. ODOR mild. TASTE farin- aceous. Sub-caespitose. On bark of fallen tree, in woods. Collected on the campus, Dec.Jrd. Infrequent. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Ho.37. (5) H. e-pixanthum Fr. I l l u s t r a t i o n s : P la te XXI, Fig. z. , of t h i s work. XXIX . •• 9. PILEUS 1.5-4cm. broad, conveE, with the edge incurv- ed at first; color chamois in center, creamy buff at edge (R), edge silky shining; surface glabrous; margin entire, with rem- nants of veil forming a dark line along the edge. FLESH creamy white, thick on disc, becoming yellow on injury, spongy to cheesey consistency. G-ILLS adnexed, seceding, rounded behina, close, twice inserted, broad, 3-4mm. thick, edge entire; color creamy white becoming grayish brown; fleshy. PARTIAL VEIL fine, -61- whitish, membranous, soon "becoming dark "brown. AMULUS none, though dark traces of the veil are left on the stem, they soon disappear. STEM 3-8cm. long, 2-7mm. thick; equal, somewhat stri- ate with appressed hairs; color creamy huff on top, darkening to rusty tinge at "base; tough-fibrous; hollow. SPORES purplish brown. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR and TASTE mild. Caespitose. On wood. Collected on the campus and in Stanley Park, March. 23rd. (6) 3%. sublateritium var. Schaefferi. Illustrations: Plate V*i^ Fig. 1 , of this work. PILEUS 1*.5-.5cnu broad, hemispherical, becoming broadly umbonate to plane; color cinnamon buff with umbo of tawny olive (R) when young, becoming SaccardoTs umber (R) when mature; surface almost glabrous, some glutinous to almost viscid, edge faintly whitish downy pulverulent; margin entire, incurved at first, with brownish remnants of veil like a line along the edge. FLESH Saccardo's umber when moist, white when dry, darkening slightly on injuiy, hygrophanous. GILLS broadly adnate, seseding; close; bow-shaped, width 5mm. ,' edge entire; color white at first, then grayish, becoming streaky with the spores; fleshy. PARTIAL VEIL finely web-like, small particles remaining on pileus. Annulus none. STEM 3-7.3cm. long, 3-j?mm. thick, equal, smooth, slightly striate, twisted; white shining above, yellow to brown below; fleshy- fibrous, stuffed. - $?0B$$ purple brown. CYSTIDIA fairly abundant on sides and edges of ri gills, ventricose, some with blunt tips, others with a slender -62- beak-like structure on the tips. ODOR and. TASTE mild.. Caespitose. On decaying wood or around old stumps. Collected in Stanley Park ITeb. 6th. Common in the Spring. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Ko. 3. The mild taste of this mushroom does not agree with McSlvaine's key if we put it in this species and variety. However, since we found Panus stipticus, (which is reputed to have a very astringent or peppery taste) with a rather mild taste, yet leaving no doubt as to its identity, the same has been done with this form, namely putting it where it seems to "belong. 24. Psilocvbe J*. One spe.pies. Psilocvbe subviscida P£. Illustrations: PlateXyix,Eig. 1 , of this work. PILE¥S 11-13 mm. broad, hemispherical, becoming broad- ly sub-umbonate, color Bay to Auburn (moist) cinnamon buff (R") (dry);surface striate when moist, slightly viscid, becoming glabrous and shining when dry; margin incurved at first. FLESH same color as pileus, hygrophanous. GILLS adnate with small decurrent tooth, seceding in some cases; close to sub-distant, twice-inserted; broad, almost rectangular, width 3mm., edge whitish, entire; color Bay brown (R), fleshy. STEM 3-3.3cm. long 1.3-2mm. thick, equal, pulverulent under gills, smooth and shining when dry; color same as pileus; cartilaginous. SPORES * -6> purple-brown. CYSTIDIA none. STERILE CELLS present. ODOR slightly unpleasant. Gregarious. In grassy and mossy burned-over field. Collected on the campus March 30"th. Common. U.B.C.Mye.Herb.No. 127. GROUP V. SPORES BLACK Iff MASS. 23. Courinus Pers. One species. C. comatusFr. Illustrations: Plate xxx,Fig. 5 , of this work. Atkinson, Mushrooms, Fig. 31-3$. PILEUS 3cm. broad, cylindrical, color grayish white except ±ip which is brown and scaly; surface covered with scales, brownish, larger at tip; margin fimbriated FLESH dingy white, spongy. GILLS free v/ith age, crowded, width 7mm., gradually narrower towards adge; color white, becoming pink, then brownish black; fleshy. AHETJLUS present, somewhat movable. STEM 10cm. long, 12mm. thick, swelling towards base; covered with soft, fibrillose scales; v/hite, brownish gray at base; hollow, but stuffed with web-like material; fibrous. SPORES black, deliquesce when mature into inky mass, 10. Ou x 6.6u. CYSTIDIA none. ODOR And TASTE mild. Gregarious. In grassy places. Common in the Fall. Collected on the campus ffov,8th. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.No.t.9. - 6 4 - 26. Psathvrella Fr. I l lus t ra t ions : Plate xy/i/, Fig. i , in th i s v;ork. xxy •• 3. PILEUS 2-3.5 cm. broad, cylindric to conical, becoming campanulate v;ith a recurving edge, brownish in center, grayish towards edge; surface striate, covered with very short hairs, margin even or slightly wavy when young, fimbriate when mature. FLESH thin, fragile, palw brown. GILLS adnate, close, lanceo- late-ventricose, 2-j?mm. wide, edge entire; color at first gray- ish white, later almost black; fragile-fie shy. STEM 6-1 Ocm. long, 2-4mm. thick, equal, very slightly broader at base; sur- face smooth, finely granular at apex; white to pale strav/ color, fieshy-fibrous, hollow. SPORES black in mass, dark brown under microscope, ovoid-elliptical, 8.5u x 3.^., smooth. CYSTIDI1 none. ODOR and. TASTE mild. Caespitose. In humus in woods. Collected on the 6 campus, Oct 2^th. U.B.C.lvlyc.Herb.lNo.tO. 27. Panaeolus, Fr. One species, name not determined. Illustrations: Plate xxiil,Fig. z. , of this work. PILEUS 4.5cm. broad, hemispherical , cinnamon brown to dresden brown (R), surface glabrous, polished, a little w wrinkled in places, feels very satiny; margin entire, cuticle wrinkled. FLESH white, becoming yellow on injury, spongy. GILLS adnate, seceding, close, broadly ventricose, 10mm., edgs -65- entire; "black; fleshy. PARTIAL VEIL remaining in a few shreds attached to margin of pileus. Annulus none. STEM 8. .5cm. long, 6-7mm. thick, swollen at "base with whitish mycelium around it, smooth, shining, striate from imprint of gills at top; color chestnut brown (R); fieshy-fibrous, stuffed then hollow. SPORES black, very large, approximately 30¥35u long by 1J>-1.5u wide. {These measurements given from rough comparison of Camera lucida drawings). CYSTIDIA none. ODER slightly unpleasant. TASTE slightly astringent. . Gregarious, sparsely. On manure heap. Collected on the campus, March.30th. Infrequent. U.B.C.Myc.Herb.Wo. 126. -66- SUPPLEMEHT. CONTAINING A FEW MISCELLANEOUS FLESHY FORMS HOT IN THE AGARICACEAE. A. Fruit body gelatinous. B. Upper surface regular, convex to plane; solid; up to one cm. wide DITIOLA. BB.Upper surface convoluted; fruit body becoming hollow.... larger than one cm. wide DACRYOMYCES. AA.Not gelatinous. G. Hymenium inside fruit body. B. Outer coat of fruit body splitting radially and turn- ing back like a star GEASTER. ED.Outer coat not as above. E. Fruit body like nest with eggs in it..NIDULARIA. CRUCIBUIiUM etc EE.Fruit body spherical to pyriform, opening by a small hole at the top at maturity; inside £ull of brown hairs and spores when mature. .LYCOPERJON etc. CC.Hymenium outside fruit body. F. Hymenium on upper side of fruit body. G. Fruit body pileate CUDONIA GG.Fruit body clavate to greatly branched..CLAVARIA. FF. Hymenium on under side of fruit body. H. Hymenium on outside of teeth SYDNUM. HH.Hymenium lining narrow tubes. •'• « -67- I. Fruit body thick and fleshy BOLETUS. ' II.Fruit body thin and leathery POIYPORUS. The following descriptions only, were recorded. Cu&onia ochroleuea. T'l. xxxi Fig. L. Group: Ascomjicetes. Family: Geoglossaceae. Fruit body definitely pileate, ochraceous tawny to tawny olive (R), 6-tOmm, across; convex to plane or slightly uneven. Stalk whitish, 2-^mm. in diameter, swelling toward base. Whole plant somewhat gelatinous-fleshy. Odor mild. Spores fili- form, IS.IVL x 2.5u. Asci club-shaped. Gregarious, on moss-covered log. Collected in Stanley Park, Feb. t^th. Infrequent. Hvdnum canut-ursi. ?! :nr Fiq i . Group: Basidiomycetes. Family: Hydnaeeae. Color white throughout, length ol teeth 6-®mm. Polyporus fissus. fi.xxxi Ri, .&. Group:Basidiomycetes. Family: Polyporaceae. PI1EUS 2.3-7.5cm. broad, leathery, plane to somewhat funnel-shaped, snuff brown to(dark) chestnut (R), surface smooth, closely radially striate, becoming wrinkled with age; margin entire, becoming wavy or split with age, fertile. PORES Buckthorn to cinnamon brown (R), slightly angular, # or Jj to a mm., edge even, length about one half millimeter. STALK 4cm. long or less, about 2mm. thick, sub-central to lateral, almost black, tough, leathery. Gregarious, on dead wood in mixed woods. Collected Stanley Park, Feb.6th. ERRATA. Plate XXIV Fig.5, Hebeloma colvini should be on ochre spored plate, m P L A T E I . fig. 2. Hygrophoras sp. ^ ^ V I I zi uannu xaaDoj sj-Naanxg 1 9 9 J *°N [c I [z I . U . I l l l U . l l l i W i l l i ! l l l l l h A Fig. Z. Jhnus sUpficu^ Fr. P L A T E H . Fig 1. Lenbinu'D unsinus Fr-Tires. Fig L. narasmius magmsporws r^orr. j i * PLATE: nm Fitj. 1- Hussuia. vefernosa Fr- rig 2,. THeureshts »rotfn us Fr. P L A T E : BZ. Cl/'tecyfae Candida.. fires. ^M P L A T E 3Z". No. F661 STUDENTS POCKET RULER In I I I I I I I i i i i i i S i f l ^ 1111I110J in iliiuiiii i! 111 R<}1 . CUtocLfbe. s p . Rg. 2.. Clitocybe n e b i x W i s Fr. P L A T E : 3ZI r np i™Tllfjli[f|[Tpi1l)[|lllMII!|IIII JL3>IDOd SXN3Q0XS 1 9 9 J Ofy] Fig. 1. Omphalia umbelliFera Linn. io. F661 STUDENTS POCKET R 4| 5 6 mil llllllllllll r i l l I lllllllll lilllllil f^^V L A R g . 2 . Omphalic*. ( hep a t , C Q B Q t s c h . ?J P L A T E HIX Fig . l . OmpHalia U t t r n p a u e l l o . Fr. ? "\ Ficj- £• Mv/cena 3 a n q u i n o \ e n t a fr. P L A T E 1 2 1 Ficj.3_. r'lycena. m i n u t u \ a Pk . fiq.2.. Clycena galericulcvVa. Fr. _>* H [rj h <r J • j j - o ^ o u i p u i u u a ^ y 3 • b y muliiiiliiiilii _*!_ ' Jl ' ' o. F661 S T U D E N T S P O C K E T R U L E R 5] ~~~S\ ~1\ 81 91 ^ ip III 112 i i i i i i l i i i i l i i i i l i i i ihii i l i i i i l i i i ihii i l i i i i l i i i i l i fnli i i i l i i i ihii i l i i i i l i i i i l ' i i i :!! •_ij_ -OS-IOXS » u 3 3 ^ y •*! 6 y 11 • | « 1 1 J » 1 ' |' I * 1 ' i ' I • I • I • I ' [ ' I ' I ' i l j ' i * I ' i • | • i ' j ! J ! [ ' J j Z\ I 3 | ' 4 ' No. F661 STUDENTS POCKET RULER :x a ivna V. P L A T E XL OTfwiiwB-mirirnwimitiimiiiiiiliiiniMIIJ, Fig 1 . I^yceno. C m e t a t a Tr. ? } R 'q .a . Collybio. s p . ^^m- P L A T E xrr Ftt^.l . CoUi/bia. ( c o n f t u e n s Pe r s . ? ) Fiq.2 . Huclaum c a p u t - a r s i P L A T E xnr Fu j i . C o r t i n a r i u s s c ^ u a r r o s u s Clem. I i \i pi'q.a. Cortinac'ius C a.lboriola.eeoos Fr. *?) PLATE xnr f i g . L , " G o r K n c x T i u s . s p . Ft*q.«l. C-ortinarit-'S rCqidu-s CScop-D Kicker*. H i S i S * « ^ t t Q ^ P L A T E : 23T Ffcj.l. In.oc.ube C lace-rcx ? ) Fr. Fiq.S,. Inoc i /be C lacera ?) FV. M M ^ M H P L A T E ; YVT R t j . l . I nocybe C hi js t r iy . Fr. "? ) Rcj.3. Galero_ tener-a, Tr . P L A T E W I T Hq.!. Galero. sc Fiq.Q,. PsalUofa. pla.con-x.jces "Pk. — ^ ^ _ P L A T E xv\u R q . l . St 'rophoirCQ. a lbon ' i te rvs FV\ F i g . ft. H y p h o l o m o _ fo. 'e.eiculare Fr. P L A T E H I Hupho'omo- c a p n o i d e s TV. P L A T E XT H i / p h o l o r n a , c c p r t o i d e s Tr. P L A T E TTXT Ficj i.. H\jphoVorv\o. Hydropbl lum F r . - S o . e e . Ftq. S. Hupholomo. epixar»Hnurr\ Fr. PLATE, xx: iiiiliiniiHiiiniiniilimkiiiluiilijijIiiiiliiiiii^ Flq. A. "Psi locybe- s u b v i s c i d n . Pk. P L A T E XVIII u g . l . T^so-thy rello. c r e n a t a Fr. Fiq.2, . P a o a e o l u s sp . P L A T E CTTV R Q . 1 . Cot lubia confluerxs, s p o r e s . R g 2.. Col l^b ia sp. s p o r e s . FTo,.^. "Rxruj-s anqu5ta. tus? s p o r e s and cystidia. . Fit} . 4-. 'Ru.ssula. v / e t e r n o s a . spores and cysh'dio. . Ra 5. Hebolomo. c o l v i o i , spores. Fvq.fc. LepVota. sp. , spores . F ia .7 . L c n t i n u s urs i n us tfy pe 1. } spores. Fiq 9. Ompha l io . Chepatica ?)• T*tq.9. H ^ r o p V i o r u s ep., spores. Tig.10. Lent inu^ orsirios ClVjpe 8,) s p o r e s . Fig.11. TricWalama. (>onid>s ?)f iq. t i l . rtaroLSfru*^ maqrv'sporos , 3 p o r « . Camera, lucida. droujinqs , A 700 . p L . A r T E X X V 0 o 0 0 8 ^ ^ s % 2 *& 0 & ' 0 <S> (5 o 7 ^ F iq . l . H i j c e n a alca.U«a> , s p o r e * a.«->d sVerile cells. Fiq, a . Mvjcena.rn- cliruxta, , s p o r e s . T i q . 3 . f K j c e n a - leptb cephcOa,, s p o r e s . Tfq. 4-. Mucena^ excise , s p o r e s a n d cvjatidta. . Fiq.5. M^ccrio. miriutuVciL. , * p o r « * . Piq- <°. P l y e e n a . <ja.lericola>a. , s p o r e s . FIVJ 7. ftijceno- sp. spores . F<g S . Ni jceno. Cpol^qrammov v a r - d b i d a ' ) 5 p o r « s . F i ^ 9 . I lycenix. atroalbou , s p o r e s . Fig- 10 . Mycena. ammonlaeo. , spores . Co.m?fo< luci'cia. drau>tr«\s x f06. " P L A T E yy vi a ^ % VT% P-.5A © 0 0 . J* » 5 ^ ® € (o c r <© <i 8 Rq. 1. r^vjccno- sanc^uinolento. , s p o r e s u n d c i / shd ia . FI'IJ - 2 , . [*!. parataolica. s p o r e s txnd. s t e r i l e ce l l s . Ftcj. 3 . Clifeo^be C a n d i d a . , s p o r e s . FI'CJ . 4-. C l i t b c ^ b e spec i e s Cioi) FlC| S- C. in v e r s a . , s p o r e s . Fia. &. C n e b o l a r i s , s p o r e s . R q . T. Cl i tocube , =P- ( & £ ) , S p o r e s . J I pirti.jopHVIo. ' Fiq t?- CliTocLjbe sp- C m a ) , s p o r e s , n'g.9. C. l-AM-e-roo., s p o r e s . C a r r i e r * / luci 'da. dfra-LJincj s, X TOO. « PL.A.T E XiTVTT ^0 0 4) 4? s 1 ^ 2 — • - - O 0 1 i i 0 4 (̂ 1 ( - - -- - - - - * % 7 - — - " * • ® %f 3 49 % • * • * 6 _  : ft • . e „ . V _... % H * * • # • F t q . l - 'Pleurotu'S serotin.o5 , s p o r e s a n d CLjstidio. . Fi'q . "^,. Ompha l 'O . Cca.iv\pOLneHa.?). Fig 5 . Sehi-z-ophLjIluinn c o m m u n e , s p o r e s . Ficj. It, I n o c - j b e ( l a c e r c u ?) spores and . cysh'd i 'a . Fig . 5 • I - h v j s i r i x , spores a n d cyatl 'dja. - Fig. fc. F lamrnu lo - ech inu l isporus , s p o r e s . F I G . f, ( f l a i n m u l c L ? sp . ( i o 3 ) ) s p o r e s . T\a.%. r f o u c o r i a . C tiqm'eola. ?) -spores. F ' 'q .9 . C G a l e r a - ? » p . c " i> ) Camera , l o c i d a . dLro-u'inc^s. X 7 o 0 . P L A T E XV VIM fYo J_. C o r t i n a r i u s s q u a r r o j u s , s p o r e s a n d ci-jsttdia . Fiq.2.. Ccalero- ep.c iiff>, tuJo-'Spoi-ed bo.5id('um, and. s p o r e s - Fiq 3 . G-otlern. sp . C i a O Spores a n d e>terLle cells. Ficj. A-. C o r t m u r i u s s p . C m ) S p o r e s and CL/sti'dia • Fiq.5 . "Paxillus in\/ol<jtus , spores a n d cys+i'dih. . Fj'q.fc>. (ia.u- c o r i a semiorb icu lar i ' s , s p o r e s ar?d sterile c e l l s , r rq .7 . Corhaar i 'US alboVioltxceous , s p o r e s arid ojsHdi'a. . Fiq. S. Cor t i rvar ius sp. (7 ) , spores . Fig. S. C.r i 'qidus , s p o r e s c o d sterile ce l l s . FHJ . IO. Gralera, tenero- , spores a n d s te r i le c e l l s . Camera , luci'da. drcxcoinqs . x 7 0 0 . P L A T E XX IX F i q . l . rk jpholomo^ soblaJiariri'um ™.r. Schae^-evi , s p o r e s and cys t f cHa . Fig. a . rl.fa-JCicutare , s p o r e s . F iq -3 . H. ve lot inurn , s p o r e s . Fig.4-. H. h y d r o p h i l u m , s p o r e s o n d c y s t i d t a . . F ig .5 . f b a l l i o t o . s p . C#) ,spore5 . Fig. G>- 'Pftalliota piacomi/ees , s p o r e s . Fig. 7. H^/pbolomO- c a p n o i d e s , s p o r e s . fiq.S.'Psa.Uiota. h a e m o r r h o d o n ' a , spof«5. Fi'c|. 9. H y p h o t o m a . epino-ntWotn, ©pores . C a m e r a , lucido. d r a w i n g s - X 700 . P t _ A T £ , Ymc F t g . l . SVropho.r'10. s p . CiZQ) , s p o r e s aod c^sh 'd i ' a . Tig. Z. 5 . albo- n i+ens , s p o r e s - FiQ- 3 . "Rsc+hvjretla t r e n a t a , s p o r e s . Pig - 4-. "Ps'ilo — cube subv'isc.iola. , s p o r e s and . s t e r i l e cells p r e s e n t . Fiq.5- Coprinus C o m a t u s , S p o r e s . Fl'q. fc> /Pa.nat.eolus s p - , - s p o r e s , Fig. 7- CrcasTer, •sp., s p a r e s a n d oo-piMiViom t h r e a d s . C o m e r o - luc ida . draio'inq?, x TOO. P L A T E . y x x i F i ' q . l . Cudon ' io . ochr-oleucct , a s c i , paraphyses, a n d s p o r e t . R q . 2 . PoU-iporuS -pSsu3 , -spores . FI 'CI."5 l -Kjdnurn c a p u t " - u r s i , s p o r e s . FtC).2!-. C r u c i b u l u m , s p . , s p o r e s . t a m e r t locida. drotuinqs, K 700 . 1 i BIBLIOGRAPHY!'. $. Atkinson, G-.F., Mushrooms,Edible and Poisonous, etc. 2. Gibson,W.H., Our Edible Toadstools and Mushrooms. 3. Hard, M.E., Mushrooms Edible and Otherwise. 4. Kauffman, C.H., The Agaricaceae of Michigan. ,5. Marshall, Uina L. , The Mushroom Booir. 6, Massee, Geo., European Fungus Flora,-Agaricaceae. 7, Mcllvaine.C.,and Macadam, R.Z. , One Thousand American Fungi,. 8, Murrill, W.A., North American Flora. 9# Peck, C.H. , Reports of the New York State Botanist, 1863 ~1?13. 10. Ricken, Biatterpilze. It. Ridgway.R., Color Standards and nomenclature. 12. Saccardo, Sylloge Fungorum. 1


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