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Sport, power, and architecture: the Vancouver velodrome Carel, Sonya 1998

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SPORT, P O W E R , A N D A R C H I T E C T U R E : THE VANCOUVER VELODROME by SONYA C A R EL B . S c , The University of Alberta, 1995 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL F U L F I L L M E N T OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE in THE F A C U L T Y OF GRADUATE STUDIES School of Architecture T H E UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA August 1998 © Sonya Carel, 1998 In presenting this thesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for an advanced degree at the University of British Columbia, I agree that the Library shall make it freely available for reference and study. I further agree that permission for extensive copying of this thesis for scholarly purposes may be granted by the head of my department or by his or her representatives. It is understood that copying or publication of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission. Department of rW" H vTFg .T< jRg-The University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada Date K m . g. \ jofc DE-6 (2/88) ABSTRACT My thesis began with an investigation into the history of the stadium and a questioning of how the stadium has been influenced and shaped by different power structures throughout time. From this foundation of research I developed a design for The Vancouver Velodrome. The site chosen for The Vancouver Velodrome is located on the North slope of Burnaby Mountain in Vancouver and is currently being used as a concrete factory. The site is bordered on the south by the Barnet Highway and to the north by a cliff which leads down to railway lines that run along the shore of the Burrard Inlet. The geographical location of the site from the natural slope separates it from the mountain and marks it as an isolated site. It was my desire then to re-establish a sense of unity within the landscape. The velodrome was not to be an isolated object, to be held out as separated from the landscape. Rather, it was to act as a connector which joins together the mountain, the site, and the ocean. Unlike the stadium precedents which were often founded upon ideological concerns, the velodrome was founded by the sense of power dictated by its environs, rather than that imposed on it by other structures. The velodrome design was therefore influenced by the landscape, the more significant elements included a 100 ft. highway retaining wall, a bowl-like depression, and a large retaining wall on the north side of the site which supported the cliff face. The highway retaining wall was used to create an entry procession. The depression contained nicely the large space required and the banked contours then helped to brace the bleachers and embraced the building in general. The northern wall dictated the long axis for the velodrome and the bridge which connected it to the mountain slope, which also served to support the roof structure. The overall design manifests the notion of a building not 'within' the landscape but rather one which ' is ' part of the landscape; on which people traverse and in which people inhabit. i i TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract ii List of Figures iv Acknowlegement v Thesis Design 1-16 i i i LIST OF FIGURES Site Photos 1 Conceptual Site Collage 2 Conceptual Development 3 Athletes' Level (Ground Plan) 4 Spectators' Level (Upper Plan) 5 Longitudinal Section 6 Cross Section 7 Site Section (Longitudinal) 8 Site Section (Cross) 9 Roof Details 10-11 Interior Collages (Solo Gymnast, Rhythmic Gymnasts) . . . . 1 2 Interior Collages (Along the Strightaway, Around the Curve) . . . 1 3 Model Photos (Looking Southeast, Entry From Road, Looking East). . 14 Model Photos (Plan View, Looking Southwest, Looking Northwest). . 15 Perspective of Front Entry Foyer 16 i v ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to greatly thank my thesis committee chair, Dr. Jerzy Wojtowicz and directed studies mentor Dr. Deborah Weiner for their unparalelled support and guidance throughout my thesis and during my education at U .B .C. in general. Thanks are also extended to thesis committee members, Bruce Carscadden and Douglas Watts for their time, patience, and valued comments. And to all my peers (you know who you are) who have helped me through the years at this school, I am forever indebted for your kindness, spirit, and fr iendship . Of course, none of this would have been possible without my team mate and husband, Peter—to whom I owe everything. For he has been and continues to be that remaining sliver of sanity which sustains me in the sea of chaos. v -X ~ •Q '£ 3 s •a e CQ O -5 XI cu ->—> - - H GO o o » o 13 < 1 o CD M £ a, Q 5o o o U CG O £ §1 o- | "> p c o i y o J u — ' oo < u E cu s O C a o o J I o 4—t o X3 CU cu 4-1 • t H cd O d re O H 1 Conceptual Site Collage 2 3 4 5 cn co i a o LU > LU Q_ & LU G_ LU o Q LU > LU > O o CT) LU Q 10 11 Interior Collage: Around the Curve 13 14 15 16 

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