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Community, commitment, continuance, cohesion and control: a market housing development for the alternative… Machan, Cheryl Louise 1998

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COMMUNITY, COMMITMENT, CONTINUANCE, COHESION AND CONTROL A MARKET HOUSING DEVELOPMENT FOR THE ALTERNATIVE URBAN FAMILY IN POINT GREY, VANCOUVER by CHERYL LOUISE MACHAN B.A., The University of Alberta, 1986 B.Sc, The University of British Columbia, 1988 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE in THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES School of Architecture We accept this thesis as conforming to the required standard THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA January 1998 © Cheryl Louise Machan, 1998 In presenting this thesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for an advanced degree at the University of British Columbia, I agree that the Library shall make it freely available for reference and study. I further agree that permission for extensive copying of this thesis for scholarly purposes may be granted by the head of my department or by his or her representatives. It is understood that copying or publication of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission. The University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada DE-6 (2/88) ABSTRACT For my graduation project, I endeavored to meet the challenge of designing affordable residences for the distinct population of single parent families within a heterogeneous urban environment. Issues of family, house and community were explored in order to ascertain how the needs of this particular group differed from that of the typical nuclear family. Single parents in general have excessive demands made on their time and energy and feel a greater lack of support when attempting to meet these demands. Often times involvement with another adult is either transitory or of a very limited nature. Therefore they must be more self-reliant than usual. The provision of child-care and supervision can be very difficult to accommodate in any family situation and is even more pronounced for the single parent. Other than financial worries, they may also experience a sense of isolation and loneliness. The presence of children does not compensate for the lack of adult companionship and emotional support that most adults need. Also, because a single parent often has to make frequent stops on the way to and from work or school picking up children from child care, shopping for groceries, etc., transportation and amenities ideally should be extremely accessible. Provision of convenient child care services, proximity to work, an affordable and secure environment, accessible social and support services and minimal housekeeping and maintenance responsibilities are but a few of the necessities that the single parent requires in order to attain a reasonable quality of life. Single parent's require more than just shelter. They need a supportive community as well. The site that was ultimately selected to accommodate the needs of this particular group was a half city block situated between 8th and 9th Avenue and Sasamat and Trimble Street in Point Grey, Vancouver. Amenities such as elementary and secondary schools, churches, shopping, transit routes, parks and access to downtown were primary considerations for this site selection. Daycare, teen centre, corner store, guest suites, rentable community space, office space and storage needed to be accommodated on site to address the missing amenities within the community, as well as becoming a means in which to offer something to the community in order to soften the political nature involved with densifying the area. A standard grid of 10m/35m was conformed to within the urban fabric, with the continuation of the lane as a means of relegating parking to the inner core, freeing up the Street from extra traffic. The context of single family homes was recognized with respect to the character of the neighbourhood. Actual density was doubled by 1) utilizing a smaller setback of 4-6m from the sidewalk, 2) duplexing the Street dwellings in a subversive manner 3) occupying the attic space & 4) use of a lanehouse typology whereby the parking was accommodated for while at the same time inhabiting the area with one and two bedroom homes. This facilitated a heterogeneous environment with extended family members, singles, couples or single ii parents with one child ideally occupying these residences and activating the lane. All residences have separate entrances as well as private outdoor space, with each residence given access to at least one parking space. Inner pedestrian lanes were conceived of in order to heighten the possibility of socialization occurring among the immediate residents, as well as increasing the accessibility to each residence, parking space and garbage/recycling area. Nodes occur between clusters of four dwellings to allow for gathering, playing and pathway undulation. Familiarity of the site within the neighbourhood would help to activate the nostalgic walk through the site in recognition of the existing diagonal path with its spectacular view of Vancouver's skyline. Public amenities were relegated to the west end of the site where a link could occur with the commercially active 10th Avenue and Safeway. Each pedestrian path feeds onto this public space. Because the site has a .75m/10m drop in elevation, this slope was utilized as a means to sculpt the outdoor space in order to define a given, a node may be carved with a stairwell on either end as a means to define the space. Brick planters were utilized as buffering as well as greening devices. Please see the Architecture reading room in the basement of Laserre, U.B.C. for the written thesis and colour details. iii TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract ii Table of Contents iv Acknowledgment v Aerial photo of site 1 Diagram of site attributes 2 Diagram of pathway systems within neighbourhood 3 Site Analysis: Diagram of pedestrian paths/accessibility 4 Diagram of continuation of lane/parking 5 Diagram of residential/amenities 6 Diagram of public and private spaces within project 7 Overview of site with contours 8 Plan of overall site 9 Sections: North-South Section through Site Section of Public Amenities 10 8th Avenue Lanehouses: Longitudinal East-West Elevation Longitudinal West-East Elevation 11 Main and Top Floor Plans 12 Front and Back Elevations with Section 13 9th Avenue Lanehouses: Longitudinal East-West Elevation Longitudinal West-East Elevation 14 Main and Top Floor Plans 15 Front and Back Elevations with Section 16 8th Avenue house: Ground and Main Floor Plans 17 Second and Top Floor Plans with Section 18 9th Avenue house: Ground and Main Floor Plans 19 Second and Top Floor Plans with Section 20 Section with Transitions 21 Front and Back Elevations 22 Photo of 1:200 Site Model 23 Photo of 1:100 Model Detail of Pathways 24 iv ACKNOWLEDGMENT I would like to thank my chairperson, Shelley Craig, for skillfully overseeing this project, the members of my committee, Martin Lewis, Allen Davies and Marc Boutin for their excellent guidance, and Deborah Weiner for her theoretical expertise during my Arch 549 directed studies project. I would also like to thank my family and friends, particularly my son Jason and my partner Paul Shalansky for having the patience to help me through this commitment. V 2 PEDESTRIAN PAVHS/ACCESSA&ILITY SeucunatStreet CONTINUATION OF LANE/PAKKING 5 SaicunatStreet KESIDENTIAL/AMENITIES • • • • • OOLTOQU • 0 n • • 5-5 N 111 111 • • • • • • • QOQDDQ • Q n-, gjfflfflgjPOQ • • 0 £j a D I PQQ • • • • D P n n D • • • • • • QOQDQD • OhL] Lin o Q O Q D D G D Q n • til Dao 0 i rop FLOOR PLANS TYPE A, 1 •BEVHOOM TYPE 8, 2 -BEDROOM m MAIN FLOOR PLANS WW 3 ^ A Al T or 8th/AVENUF LANEHOUSE SCALE1:200 12 TOP FLOOR PLAN MAIN FLOOR PLAN J Tl U r 1 TYPE.4, I B E D R O O M T V P E B , 2 B E D R O O M 9tfaAVEWE LANEHOUSE SCALE 1:200 T7\e'hou&a*}vmie'frthe'pla^tfc&m(brt, iafety, where'we/can* letdown/our defemey. ItamtJ'a^wM^tKe'/un^le-uraHd 'Of K W O ^ C I -ajui'predatory "out the^eA So-, a^ipiriXlu^product, tf ie-houie-CMCvitoHj/ gViW(x^outwcu-d/e*rux>dime*\£ofour inner realCty, nente/to-our nature/ avratiovwCL" Arthur C. VarCtXr 15 NORTH ELEVATION 16 WHOLE HOUSE QROUHD F L O O R SUITE V w e l l ^ ^ p r C ^ a m ^ ^ r ^ ' 8th A VENUE HOUSE PLANS SCALE1:200 17 1 8 E D R O O M TOP FLOOR SUITE 7 a T SECOND FLOOK X v r s TOPFLOOK 8thAVENUE HOUSE PLANS SCALE 1:200 SECTION A:A 18 WHOLE HOUSE 3ASEMENT SUITE BOTTOM TWO TLOOKS/ TOP TWO FLOORS GROUND FLOOR MAIN FLOOR SUITE MAIN FLOOR 1 c Ch&nete'pr&verb-9thAVENUE HOUSE PLANS SCALE 1:200 19 OWE BEDROOM TOP FLOOR SUITE TWO BEDROOM TOP FLOOR SUITE NORTH ELEVATION SOUTH ELEVATION its fG ra 9th AVENUE HOUSE ELEVATIONS SCALE 1:200 1:200 SITE MODEL SASAMAT STREET ELEVATION SHOWING COMMUNITY CENTRE/ TEEN CENTRE/CORNER. STOKE/ MOTEL/STORAGE LOCKERS 


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