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Community, commitment, continuance, cohesion and control: a market housing development for the alternative… Machan, Cheryl Louise 1998

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COMMUNITY, COMMITMENT, CONTINUANCE, COHESION AND CONTROL A MARKET HOUSING DEVELOPMENT FOR THE ALTERNATIVE URBAN FAMILY IN POINT GREY, VANCOUVER by CHERYL LOUISE M A C H A N B.A., The University of Alberta, 1986 B.Sc, The University of British Columbia, 1988 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE in THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES School of Architecture We accept this thesis as conforming to the required standard  THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA January 1998 © Cheryl Louise Machan, 1998  In  presenting  degree freely  at  this  the  thesis  in  partial  University  of  British  available for  copying  of  department publication  this or of  reference  thesis by  this  for  his thesis  scholarly  or for  her  I further  purposes  the  requirements  gain  agree  may  representatives.  financial  The University of British C o l u m b i a Vancouver, Canada  of  Columbia, I agree that the  and study.  permission.  DE-6 (2/88)  fulfilment  It  shall not  be is  that  Library  permission  granted  by  understood be  for  allowed  an  advanced  shall make for  the that  without  it  extensive  head  of  my  copying  or  my  written  ABSTRACT For my graduation project, I endeavored to meet the challenge of designing affordable residences for the distinct population of single parent families within a heterogeneous urban environment. Issues of family, house and community were explored in order to ascertain how the needs of this particular group differed from that of the typical nuclear family. Single parents in general have excessive demands made on their time and energy and feel a greater lack of support when attempting to meet these demands. Often times involvement with another adult is either transitory or of a very limited nature. Therefore they must be more self-reliant than usual. The provision of child-care and supervision can be very difficult to accommodate in any family situation and is even more pronounced for the single parent. Other than financial worries, they may also experience a sense of isolation and loneliness. The presence of children does not compensate for the lack of adult companionship and emotional support that most adults need. Also, because a single parent often has to make frequent stops on the way to and from work or school picking up children from child care, shopping for groceries, etc., transportation and amenities ideally should be extremely accessible. Provision of convenient child care services, proximity to work, an affordable and secure environment, accessible social and support services and minimal housekeeping and maintenance responsibilities are but a few of the necessities that the single parent requires in order to attain a reasonable quality of life. Single parent's require more than just shelter. They need a supportive community as well. The site that was ultimately selected to accommodate the needs of this particular group was a half city block situated between 8th and 9th Avenue and Sasamat and Trimble Street in Point Grey, Vancouver. Amenities such as elementary and secondary schools, churches, shopping, transit routes, parks and access to downtown were primary considerations for this site selection. Daycare, teen centre, corner store, guest suites, rentable community space, office space and storage needed to be accommodated on site to address the missing amenities within the community, as well as becoming a means in which to offer something to the community in order to soften the political nature involved with densifying the area. A standard grid of 10m/35m was conformed to within the urban fabric, with the continuation of the lane as a means of relegating parking to the inner core, freeing up the Street from extra traffic. The context of single family homes was recognized with respect to the character of the neighbourhood. Actual density was doubled by 1) utilizing a smaller setback of 4-6m from the sidewalk, 2) duplexing the Street dwellings in a subversive manner 3) occupying the attic space & 4) use of a lanehouse typology whereby the parking was accommodated for while at the same time inhabiting the area with one and two bedroom homes. This facilitated a heterogeneous environment with extended family members, singles, couples or single ii  parents with one child ideally occupying these residences and activating the lane. All residences have separate entrances as well as private outdoor space, with each residence given access to at least one parking space. Inner pedestrian lanes were conceived of in order to heighten the possibility of socialization occurring among the immediate residents, as well as increasing the accessibility to each residence, parking space and garbage/recycling area. Nodes occur between clusters of four dwellings to allow for gathering, playing and pathway undulation. Familiarity of the site within the neighbourhood would help to activate the nostalgic walk through the site in recognition of the existing diagonal path with its spectacular view of Vancouver's skyline. Public amenities were relegated to the west end of the site where a link could occur with the commercially active 10th Avenue and Safeway. Each pedestrian path feeds onto this public space. Because the site has a .75m/10m drop in elevation, this slope was utilized as a means to sculpt the outdoor space in order to define a given, a node may be carved with a stairwell on either end as a means to define the space. Brick planters were utilized as buffering as well as greening devices. Please see the Architecture reading room in the basement of Laserre, U.B.C. for the written thesis and colour details.  iii  TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract Table of Contents Acknowledgment Aerial photo of site Diagram of site attributes Diagram of pathway systems within neighbourhood Site Analysis: Diagram of pedestrian paths/accessibility Diagram of continuation of lane/parking Diagram of residential/amenities Diagram of public and private spaces within project Overview of site with contours Plan of overall site Sections: North-South Section through Site Section of Public Amenities 8th Avenue Lanehouses: Longitudinal East-West Elevation Longitudinal West-East Elevation Main and Top Floor Plans Front and Back Elevations with Section 9th Avenue Lanehouses: Longitudinal East-West Elevation Longitudinal West-East Elevation Main and Top Floor Plans Front and Back Elevations with Section 8th Avenue house: Ground and Main Floor Plans Second and Top Floor Plans with Section 9th Avenue house: Ground and Main Floor Plans Second and Top Floor Plans with Section Section with Transitions Front and Back Elevations Photo of 1:200 Site Model Photo of 1:100 Model Detail of Pathways  ii iv v 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24  iv  ACKNOWLEDGMENT I would like to thank my chairperson, Shelley Craig, for skillfully overseeing this project, the members of my committee, Martin Lewis, Allen Davies and Marc Boutin for their excellent guidance, and Deborah Weiner for her theoretical expertise during my Arch 549 directed studies project. I would also like to thank my family and friends, particularly my son Jason and my partner Paul Shalansky for having the patience to help me through this commitment.  V  2  PEDESTRIAN PAVHS/ACCESSA&ILITY  SeucunatStreet  CONTINUATION OF LANE/PAKKING 5  SaicunatStreet  KESIDENTIAL/AMENITIES  55 N  111  111 • •  • •  •  OOLTOQU •  n  0  •  •  •  ••  ••  •  •  QOQDDQ • Q  n-, • •  • •  D  P n n D  •  Q O Q D Q D • OhL] Lin  o  til  Dao  £j  aD I PQQ  gjfflfflgjPOQ  • •  0  0  • •  • •  •  QOQDDG Q D  n  •  i  TYPE A, 1 •BEVHOOM  rop FLOOR PLANS  TYPE 8, 2 -BEDROOM  MAIN FLOOR PLANS  m  WW  3 ^  A Al or  T  8th/AVENU  LANEHOU SCALE1:200  12  TOP FLOOR PLAN  MAIN FLOOR PLAN  J U r TYPE.4, I BEDROOM  Tl 1  TVPEB,  2 BEDROOM  9tfaAVEWE LANEHOUSE SCALE 1:200  T7\e'hou&a*}vmie'frthe'pla^tfc&m(brt, iafety, where'we/can* letdown/our defemey. ItamtJ'a^wM^tKe'/un^le-uraHd'Of K W O ^ C I ajui'predatory "out the^eA So-, a^ipiriXlu^product, tfie-houie-CMCvitoHj/ gViW(x^outwcu-d/e*rux>dime*\£ofour inner realCty, nente/to-our nature/ avratiovwCL" Arthur C. VarCtXr  15  NORTH ELEVATION  16  WHOLE HOUSE  V w e l l ^ ^ p r C ^ a m ^ ^ r ^ '  QROUHD SUITE  FLOOR  8th A VENUE HOUSE PLANS  SCALE1:200 17  1 8EDROOM TOP FLOOR SUITE  7  a  T  SECOND  Xv  FLOOK  r  s  TOPFLOOK  8thAVENUE HOUSE PLANS SCALE 1:200  SECTION A:A  18  WHOLE HOUSE  3ASEMENT SUITE  BOTTOM TWO TLOOKS/ TOP TWO FLOORS  GROUND FLOOR MAIN FLOOR SUITE  1  c  MAIN FLOOR  9thAVENUE HOUSE PLANS Ch&nete'pr&verb-  SCALE 1:200 19  OWE BEDROOM TOP FLOOR SUITE  TWO BEDROOM TOP FLOOR SUITE  NORTH ELEVATION  SOUTH ELEVATION  its fG  ra  9th AVENUE HOUSE ELEVATIONS SCALE 1:200  1:200 SITE  MODEL  SASAMAT STREET ELEVATION SHOWING COMMUNITY CENTRE/ TEEN CENTRE/CORNER. STOKE/ MOTEL/STORAGE LOCKERS  


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