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Report and preliminary working plan for the University forest Allen, George Samuel 1935

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I U . B . C . LIBRARY ; | M£ ^<^£LV±  REPORT and. PRELIMINARY WORKING PLAN f o r the UNIVERSITY FOREST by George Samuel  A T h e s i s submitted  Allen.  f o r the Degree o f  MASTER OF APPLIED SCIENCE i n . t h e Department of FORESTRY  The U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia April,  1935  !.  TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Pr e fac e  • *«..< ».«.*<«*..'*»-- ...... '».•»•*•.».**•.•-.»*• »  1  Acknowledgments ..«.....»....». * •.«......... *.. •.« *  2  Key Map  3  F*r o & jj.3pi,Qc"Q •#•••»•*•••••*»#»«***•»»•••»*•*••••  4  Summary o f Report and P l a n .....................  5  PART I . REPORT ON THE UNIVERSITY FOREST.........  7  L o c a t i o n and Ownership .., . XiO@3.tti>S.on »• • «• - • • • . • • • » * • > » « • k..* Own©r*sliij? • *•**•*«•«» • # • * * • • • •«#•••#•»•*••• Area  8 9 3 8  IjOCSiX Coiicijt'fcHons • «*••••**• * *•«•••« 0 •**•*•••••« Phy 3 iogi*o.piiy *»«•*.*«*• • *•••.«•*<.«*••••#»»«• * *.  9 9  Soil  .  9  H i story. ,,...,...«....*....,...-................... General h i s t o r y ........................... Past I n j u r i e s .............................  10 10 10  Economic C o n d i t i o n s  12  ..•...........................  Labor « , ...,.... *',...<... • • • . . *.« . «•..'..,«-..,' 12 Market ...»*.....«* *. -«.««#*.«'*..».*«*««..*.«. 12 Transportation * . . 12 Forest  Description  ,...  13  F o r e s t types Forest condition Growth ..... Source o f d a t a E s t i m a t e o f timber and growth  13 14 14 14 15  .............  PART I I . PRELIMINARY WORKING PLAN FOR THE  TOVfRSlTf PQRfi&T ... 7TTTT Xnt/yo^t^c ti* 3. oil • • •  »• •»«. «*^«f 0  16 * 0 0 0 * * 0  »•  Objects o f management ..................... D i v i s i o n o f the f o r e s t ....................  1*7 17 17  TABLE OP CONTENTS  (continued) Page  S l l v i e u l t u r a l Treatment ......................... 18 S ] p 0 c i © s *••••*•*•• * • .• • • • • * > * • • •»*••••» Operations 18 P i n a l c u t t i n g s (marking r u l e s ) ............. 18 T h i n n i n g s .................................... 19 C l e a n i n g s and l i b e r a t i o n c u t t i n g s .......... 19 Reproduction .. 19 R e g u l a t i o n o f the Cut . . S u s t a i n e d annual y i e l d a t present Sustained annual y i e l d when managed ........  20 20 20  D e t a i l Plans.* P l a n o f c u t t i n g s ........................... I P X S L T I o f pXsiixfc J L T V ^ *.•»-*»*#-•-• o- •'*#••••*.•'•• P l a n o f n u r s e r y sowing ...............*.....  21 21  IS  22  23  3?l?0fc©Ci/l^OXl * * »*.**•«« *' * • * '•• • • «-*-*.» • • • • * * a  ••••  ]Fi.!E*6 »..»• « • * « • »-#••.•*•*-#•• « • •#-*•••• » • • • * • • » * • • • •- * Insects Diseases  ...................................  24 24  S p e c i a l Problems •........ •. •......................  25  APPENDIX. Appendix I . Stand d e s c r i p t i o n , stand t a b l e (per acre),, f.b.m, stock t a b l e (per a c r e ) , and c u b i c at s t o c k t a b l e (per acre) f o r each b l o c k ...........  2  g  to 129  Appendix I I . L o c a l volume t a b l e s (f.b.m. and c u b i c ) 130 Dou^X&3 1^3.1° **.•*•+.«;-*.*•-• • * • * • *•>•*•*•*•••«••** X3X Red Cedar 132 Balsam and Western Hemlock ........ 133 A l d e r and Maple ............................. 134 Yield  tables.  Appendix I I I .  Douglas P i r ................. Red Cedar (60 y e a r s  D e s c r i p t i o n of species  Estimate o f cedar p o l e s by b l o c k s Area c l a s s i f i c a t i o n by b l o c k s , Appendix IV. Maps U t i l i z a t i o n map, map o f f o r e s t c o n d i t i o n , cover map and drainage map ...... Blbllograp^hv^. ........ ..».•«....•••.......••.....  135 138 144 145  f  146 147  ILLUSTRATIONS Page Plate I ,  F r o n t i s p i e c e . General c h a r a c t e r o f the f o r e s t c o v e r . Block 11.  .....  P l a t e V I . Open c h a r a c t e r o f s t a n d on Block 1,  4  ...  27  P l a t e V. Dense cedar-hemlo.dk.. Block 5, ......... P l a t e I I I * Block 9 from Marine D r i v e , showing new d i t c h . T y p i c a l hardwood s t a n d w i t h some c o n i f e r o u s under.st.ory.. ...........  43 6.0  P l a t e V I I . Dense codar-hemloek on B l o c k 12  ......  72  P l a t e IV. Block 12 l o o k i n g west. T y p i c a l group o f cedar r e p r o d u c t i o n surrounded hy dense salmonberry . .. *................. .  73  P l a t e V I I I . Block 13 from Marine D r i v e ..........  77  P l a t e IX* Mature f I r - b a l s a m - e e d a r on Block 20.  .. 105  P l a t e X, Mature c e d a r . Block 21.................. 109 P l a t e I I . Block 21. Mature cedar, hemlock and balsam* Logging road I n f o r e g r o u n d . ...  110  (  -1-  PREFACE  I t i s the aim o f t h e Department to b u i l d the U n i v e r s i t y F o r e s t  of Forestry  i n t o a r e s e a r c h and p r a c t i c a l  l a b o r a t o r y f o r f o r e s t r y and botany s t u d e n t s , and Into a demonstration f o r e s t which w i l l serve as a r e c r e a t i o n a r e a , as a home f o r w i l d l i f e , and as a windbreak f o r the b o t a n i c a l and h o r t i c u l t x i r a l gardens. surveyed done.  With t h i s i n mind, t h e area was  i n 1934~»35 t o determine what should and c o u l d be  From t h i s survey, a p l a n was c o n s t r u c t e d which w i l l  serve as a b a s i s i n b u i l d i n g th© a r e a Into a f o r e s t of  t h e name.  worthy  -2-  ACKMOflLEIXffiEHTS  The w r i t e r wishes t o acknowledge  w i t h apprec-  i a t i o n the k i n d a s s i s t a n c e o f the f o l l o w i n g : the P a c i f i c North-west F o r e s t Experiment S t a t i o n , P o r t l a n d , f o r v a l u a b l e t a b l e s and b u l l e t i n s ?  Oregon,  the Research D i v i s i o n ,  F o r e s t Branch,. V i c t o r i a , B.C. f o r survey sheets and -growth, d a t a ; J.H.Jenkins, Esq., F o r e s t Products L a b o r a t o r y , Vancouver, B.C. f o r d a t a r e the uses of hardwoods; B.C. F o r e s t Branch, Vancouver, B.C.;  and P r o f e s s o r F.Malcolm Knapp f o r encourage-  ment and c o n s t r u c t i v e c r i t i c i s m throughout the p r e p a r a t i o n of -this t h e s i s .  -3-  KEY UNIVERSITY  MAP FOREST  U N I V E R S I T Y 09 BRITISH COLUMBIA V A N C O U V E R . B. C.  -5-  SUMMARY OF REPORT AND PLAN. Location.  The U n i v e r s i t y F o r e s t l i e s west o f the U n i v e r s i t y  b u i l d i n g s between Marine D r i v e and the U n i v e r s i t y campus. Area.  T o t a l a r e a , d i v i d e d i n t o 45 b l o c k s ,  104.01 acres  Area covered by r e p o r t , b l o c k s 1 t o 25, Area  56.93 acres  classification. Forested  Cultivated  Scrub  Total  44.94  0.78  11.21  56.93  1.4  19.7  Acres Per cent Merchantable  78,9  100.0  timber.  Species  F.b.m.  Cu. F t .  Cords  Fir  139252  27454  305  Cedar  143380  30106  334  25801  7069  78  Spruce  4713  1185  13  Balsam  46110  10412  116  Alder  42098  14185  158  Maple  66308  15331  170  2687  1689  19  ::Hardwood  111093  31205  347  Conifers  359260  76227  846  470353  107432  1193  Hemlock  Cherry  ;otal: Sustained annual  yield.  Under p r e s e n t c o n d i t i o n s :  16 M f.b.m., a l l s p e c i e s  -6-  Sustained  annual y i e l d  When r e g u l a t e d : Rotations  and  (continued).  22 M f.b.m., p r i n c i p a l l y  softwoods.  cutting cycles.  Species  Rotation  Pir  60  Cedar  (1  H  11  TI  Balsam  ti  n  r?  H  Hemlock  tr  «  it  ti  Alder  30  years  30  years  «  it  • Cutting cycle  years  10  Maple Species  years  recommended...  Primary s p e c i e s : f i r and  cedar.  Secondary s p e c i e s : lodgepole p i n e , hemlock, spruce, balsam, a l d e r , maple, c a s c a r a . Treatment recommended d u r i n g the f i r s t 1. Remove a l l overmature and decadent  cutting cycle. timber.  2. Remove a l l dead-topped cedar, a l l m i s t l e t o e - i n f e c t e d hemlock, and  a l l t r e e s o f poor form,  3. L i b e r a t e young c o n i f e r s by removing suppressing  hardwoods;  l e a v e t h r i f t y hardwoods which are not wolf t r e e s . 4.  P l a n t openings and bare spots t o s u i t a b l e s p e c i e s , u s i n g 2-3  t r a n s p l a n t s In a l l c a s e s .  R e v i s i o n of the  plan. T h i s p l a n i s Intended to  initiate  management d u r i n g the f i r s t c u t t i n g c y c l e of 10 y e a r s . At the end  o f t h a t p e r i o d , r e v i s i o n o f the p l a n w i l l be e s s e n t i a l .  PART 1 REPORT ON THE UNIVERSITY FOREST. o  LOCATION AND OWNERSHIP Location. The U n i v e r s i t y F o r e s t l i e s t o the south-west and adjacent t o the U n i v e r s i t y b u i d i n g s .  I t s boundaries a r e :  Marine D r i v e on t h e south-west and west; the proposed Chanc e l l o r Boulevard  on the south-east and e a s t ; the farm  and b o t a n i c a l gardens on the n o r t h - e a s t .  lands  The west w i r e l e s s  p o l e o f the P o i n t Grey W i r e l e s s S t a t i o n i s the n o r t h - n o r t h west corner o f the a r e a . The  south-east boundary o f the area covered by  the r e p o r t i s Agronomy Road. •> Ownership. The F o r e s t i s owned by the U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h Columbia and i s under the c o n t r o l o f the Department o f Forestry. Area  T o t a l area  104.01 a c r e s .  Blocks 1 t o 25- 56.93 a c r e s .  LOCAL CONDITIONS Physiography. The area i s q u i t e f l a t w i t h a s l i g h t south-west a s p e c t , w e l l - d r a i n e d on the whole, and approximately f e e t above  250  sea-level.  Climate. The c l i m a t e Is s i m i l a r t o t h a t o f Vancouver M i l d summers and w i n t e r s , few extremes I n temperature, h i g h r e l a t i v e humidity  City. and a  are u s u a l . The growing season i s l o n g  and l a s t s from the end o f March t o the end o f September; d u r i n g t h i s p e r i o d , the r a i n f a l l I s f a i r l y evenly  distributed.  The l a s t k i l l i n g f r o s t comes about March and the f i r s t October.  The p r e v a i l i n g  about  wind I s from the east and averages  about 4 m i l e s p e r hour v e l o c i t y  d u r i n g the y e a r . An occas-  i o n a l h i g h wind up t o 30 m i l e s p e r hour o c c u r s , but i s r a t h e r the e x c e p t i o n . On the whole the c l i m a t e i s very s u i t a b l e t o the growth o f t r e e s . Soil. The  area i s covered by a g l a c i a l t i l l ,  deposited  d u r i n g the P o s t - P l e i s t o c e n e e r a . The s o i l v a r i e s I n depth from shallow t o f a i r l y deep and, i s a loam The  t o sandy loam* .  s i t e - I n d e x f o r Douglas f i r on t h i s area i s 130, i n d i c -  ating  a s i t e I I f o r B r i t i s h Columbia and a s i t e I I I f o r  Washington and Oregon.  6  -10-  HISTORY General h i s t o r y . This area, o r i g i n a l l y a v i r g i n f i r - c e d a r was logged  stand,  s e l e c t i v e l y d u r i n g the e a r l y p a r t o f t h i s  century.  Only t h e very b e s t t r e e s and l o g s were removed d u r i n g t h e cutting,, and s i n c e then i t has remained untouched except f o r s m a l l cordwood c u t t i n g s . F o r t h i s reason,  the f o r e s t  cover has a very uneven appearance and c o n s i s t s o f overmature t r e e s which were n o t considered good enough to remove, mature t r e e s which were too s m a l l a t the time o f l o g g i n g , and r e p r o d u c t i o n which has come i n s i n c e l o g g i n g . The  F o r e s t was surveyed  each approximately  and d i v i d e d Into 45 b l o c k s ,  2 1/2 acres i n area, by B.Lamarque,D.l.S.  i n 1926. Between 1924 and 1930, roads and t r a i l s were c u t and  s e v e r a l d r a i n s c o n s t r u c t e d . I n 1935 a through d r a i n  from the . l e s t M a l l , through b l o c k s 11,10 and 9, t o Marine D r i v e was c o n s t r u c t e d . Past  Injuries. Ho s e r i o u s f i r e s have o c c u r r e d although  on some o f the l a r g e r f i r s and cedars  fire-sears  i n d i c a t e t h e presence  o f s m a l l ground f i r e s i n the p a s t * R a b b i t s , and p o s s i b l y grouse, have done c o n s i d e r a b l e damage t o p l a n t e d f i r s , chewing o f f the l e a d e r s and branches t o w i t h i n 6 inches o f the ground. Many f i r s have been pruned thus year a f t e r y e a r and may be c o n s i d e r e d as  -11-  fallures. The  only Important d i s e a s e present i n the  forest  Is m i s t l e t o e on the hemlock, {Arceuthobium t s u g e n s l s ) . Many o f the hemlocks, suppressed  i n the o r i g i n a l stand, are  dis-  eased and form a constant source o f danger to hemlock r e p r o d uction. White pine b l i s t e r r u s t , ( C r o n a r t i u m r i b i c o l a ) , i s p r e s e n t i n the t e l i a l stage on b l a c k c u r r a n t p l a n t s i n the h o r t i c u l t u r a l gardens. Hence, growing white p i n e I n any numbers i n the f o r e s t I s out o f the q u e s t i o n . There i s s e r i o u s danger t h a t the white pine i n the n u r s e r y i s a l r e a d y  infected.  -12-  ECONOMIC COHDIT.IONS Labor. One man i s employed a t present c l e a n , p l a n t and c u t cordwood,  i n the f o r e s t t o  A s m a l l gang o f men from a  l o c a l m i l i t i a r e l i e f camp i s c u t t i n g wood and c l e a n i n g and  p l a n t i n g ; t h i s l a b o r w i l l p o s s i b l y be a v a i l a b l e d u r i n g  the remainder o f 1935. Market. Cedar p o l e s have been s o l d t o the U n i v e r s i t y  and  I t I s probable that cedar poles and posts w i l l f i n d a steady l o c a l market i n the f u t u r e . The  B.Hammond and Sons Company w i l l take a l l the  a l d e r and maple l o g s o f 9 inches and  diameter and 8 f e e t  l a r g e r t h a t t h e f o r e s t can s u p p l y .  length  These a r e sawn a t  t h e i r Vancouver m i l l and manufactured Into f u r n i t u r e . . Snags, p a r t l y decayed l o g s and t r e e s f i n d a l o e a l market as f i r e w o o d . TransportatIon. Transportation by  fnom the f o r e s t w i l l l i k e l y be  t r u c k i n the f u t u r e * Logging I n the f o r e s t i s a t present  done by hand w i t h some s k i d d i n g by t r u c k , I t may be p o s s i b l e to procure the l o a n o f a small t r a c t o r t o f a c i l i t a t e the handl i n g of large logs. Under management, the f o r e s t should keep one man s t e a d i l y employed, and the U n i v e r s i t y should, future, receive considerable  I n the near  revenue from the s a l e o f f o r e s t products.  -13-  PORBST DESCRIPTION F o r e s t types» The f o r e s t was o r i g i n a l l y o f one type: f l r - c e d a r hemlock-balsam, w i t h t h e f i r and cedar predominating* S i n c e l o g g i n g , cedar and hardwoods have come i n r a p i d l y and have l a r g e l y r e p l a c e d the f i r .  F o r convenience, t h e present  f o r e s t cover has been s u b d i v i d e d i n t o t h r e e sub-types: pure hardwood, mixed c o n i f e r and hardwood, and pure The g e n e r a l composition o f these sub-types 1. Pure hardwood.  Approximately  conifer*  I s as f o l l o w s :  90 p e r cent o f t h e stand I s  hardwood. The p r i n c i p a l s p e c i e s a r e a l d e r and maple; the secondary  s p e c i e s a r e c h e r r y , w i l l o w , cascara., and c r a b -  apple. 2*. Mixed c o n i f e r and hardwood. T h i s i s t h e p r i n c i p a l subtype o f t h e f o r e s t . I t c o n s i s t s o f a f a i r l y even mixture o f c o n i f e r s and hardwoods^ u s u a l l y hardwoods with an under s t o r y  I of c o n i f e r r e p r o d u c t i o n * The p r i n c i p a l s p e c i e s a r e eedar, hemlock*, balsam, a l d e r and maple; the secondary s p e c i e s a r e fir,  spruce, cherry, willow, cascara, crab-apple.  3. Pure c o n i f e r s .  Most o f t h i s type I s pure c e d a r , cedar  and hemloek,. o r a mixture o f c e d a r , hemlock and. balsam* A l i t t l e f i r occurs here and t h e r e but I s n o t a main s p e c i e s In any p a r t o f the a r e a . T h i s type i s n e a r l y a l l i n the 1 t o 20 y e a r age c l a s s , h a v i n g come I n s i n c e l o g g i n g .  -14-  Porest c o n d i t i o n . Forested Pure Mixed Pure Hdwd C & H Con. Acres  %  3,64  27*07 14,23  6.4  47 .5  25,0  Non-forested T o t a l C u l t l v Scrub Total ated  Total  44,94  0.78  11.21  11.99  56,93  78,9  1.4  19,7  21.1  100.0  Growth. The present r a t e o f growth Is estimated  from  Increment b o r i n g s as f o l l o w s : Species  Fir  Growth %  4,0  Cedar Hemlock Spruce Balsam 2.5  3.0  2.0  5.0  Alder  Maple  8,5  6.0  These growth r a t e s a p p l y o n l y t o t h r i f t y t r e e s s m a l l e r than 30 inches d.b.h. T r e e s l a r g e r than t h i s are making v e r y l i t t l e growth and t h i s I s o f f s e t by the decay i n the overmature t r e e s , is estimated,  The  f u t u r e annual growth^in a mixed c o n i f e r o u s  s t a n d , t o average  400 f ,b,m» per a c r e . Pure a l d e r on a 30  y e a r rotation/should average  400 f.b.m. , o r 100 c u b i c f e e t  per acre per y e a r . Source o f d a t a . The growing s t o c k estimates are based upon a c r u i s e o f the f o r e s t by b l o c k s . upon increment  Growth estimates are  b o r i n g s c o v e r i n g a l l age c l a s s e s , and  c u l a t e d by the P r e s s l e r  formula.  100$ based  cal-  -15-  Bstlmate o f merchantable timber and annual growth. Species  F.b,,ra. Volume Growth  Fir  139252  2020  27454  390  305  Cedar  143380  2500  30106  520  334  25801  780  7069  210  78  Spruce  4713  100  1185  25  13  Balsam  46110  1800  10412  390  116  Alder  42098  3580  14185  1190  158  Maple  66308  3480  15331  790  170  2687  140  1689  90  19  Conifer Total  359260  7200  76227  1535  846  Hardwood Total  111093  , 7200  31205  2070  347  Grand Total  470353  14400  107432  3605  1193  Hemlock  Cherry  Volume  Cu.Ft. Growth  Volume cords  PART I I  PRELIMINARY WORKING PLAN f o r the UNIVERSITY FOREST  -17-  INTRODUCTION Objects o f management. 1. To develop a demonstration  f o r e s t and a f o r e s t l a b o r a t o r y  f o r students o f n a t u r a l s c i e n c e s , and p r o v i d e a permanent shelter f o r wild l i f e , 2. To p r o v i d e a windbreak f o r adjacent U n i v e r s i t y grounds. 3. To produce s a l e a b l e f o r e s t products on a s u s t a i n e d y i e l d b a s i s and c r e a t e permanent employment f o r a t l e a s t one man.  D i v i s i o n o f the f o r e s t . The  f o r e s t d i v i s i o n w i l l remain as i t i s a t p r e s e n t ,  the n o r t h h a l f b e i n g d i v i d e d Into 25 b l o c k s each approxima t e l y 2 1/2 a c r e s i n a r e a .  -18-  SILVICULTURAL TREATMENT Species.. Douglas f i r , r e d cedar, western hemlock, l o d g e p o l e p i n e and grand f i r are the s p e c i e s most s u i t e d t o the a r e a . During the f i r s t  ten-year p e r i o d , p l a n t i n g w i l l he c o n f i n e d  to f i r , cedar and lodgepole p i n e among the  conifers.  C a s c a r a and dogwood w i l l he the o n l y hardwoods p l a n t e d d u r i n g the f i r s t p e r i o d . Operations. The In  s e l e c t i o n system i s the most s u i t a b l e t o use  the a l l - a g e d mixed stands on the area.. I n the even-aged  stands and deciduous  s t a n d s , c l e a r c u t t i n g i n s m a l l groups  i s recommended. E o t a t i o ^ s u i t a b l e a r e : 60 years f o r a l l c o n i f e r s , whieh should produce an average diameter o f 12 inches  and  more i n a l l s p e c i e s ; c u t t i n g c y c l e o f 10 y e a r s . F o r the hardwoods, a r o t a t i o n of 30 years i s suggested; f  produce an average d.b.h, o f 12 Final cuttings.  this  should  Inches.  \  F i n a l c u t t i n g s d u r i n g the f i r s t decade w i l l c o n f i n e d to the removal o f overmature and decadent  be  trees,  p o o r l y shaped trees*, and wolf t r e e s , as per the f o l l o w i n g marking r u l e s : 1, Mark a l l overmature and decadent  timber.  2. Mark a l l dead and I n s e c t - i n f e c t e d t r e e s .  -19-  3. Mark a l l wolf t r e e s and t r e e s o f abnormal form. 4. Hark a l l dead-topped c e d a r . 5. Mark a l l m i s t l e t o e * I n f e c t e d hemlock*  Thinnings. T h i n n i n g s w i l l be c a r r i e d out i n the pure c o n i f e r ous stands which are o v e r s t o c k e d . These w i l l remove dead and d y i n g t r e e s , and any others t h a t are crowding more d e s i r a b l e t r e e s . T h i n n i n g should r e s u l t i n a s p a c i n g of approxi m a t e l y 8 f e e t by 8 f e e t I n the 1 to 20 y e a r o l d s t a n d s . T h i n n i n g I n the p l a n t a t i o n s w i l l be c a r r i e d out as soon as c o m p e t i t i o n becomes s e v e r e . C l e a n i n g s and l i b e r a t i o n c u t t i n g s . These are the p r i n c i p a l c u t t i n g s necessary the f i r s t decade. Wolf t r e e s which overtop young w i l l be removed  during  conifers  and w i l l i n c l u d e both hardwoods and c o n i f e r s .  T h i c k underbrush w i l l be c l e a n e d up a t the same time t o make p l a n t i n g e a s i e r and t o g i v e the young c o n i f e r s a b e t t e r chance t o s u r v i v e . Reproduction. Reproduction  d u r i n g the f i r s t p e r i o d w i l l be ob-  t a i n e d by p l a n t i n g 2-3 c o n i f e r o u s t r a n s p l a n t s i n c l e a n e d Weeding w i l l be necessary f o r three or f o u r y e a r s  areas.  after  p l a n t i n g t o a l l o w the young t r e e s t o get ahead o f the salmonberry .  -20-  REGULATION OF THE CUT S u s t a i n e d annual y i e l d i n present c o n d i t i o n i n M f.b.m. Conifers Yield Species  Hardwoods Yield Species  Fir Cedar Hemlock Spruce Balsam Total  4.6 4,8 0.9 0.2 1.5  Alder  1,4  Maple  1.7  Cherry  0,1  12.0  Total  3.2  S u s t a i n e d annual y i e l d when f u l l y stocked and managed. Y i e l d w i l l approximate grown, and w i l l be p r i n c i p a l l y  22 M f.b.m, o f a l l s p e c i e s softwoods.  DETAIL PLANS Plan o f euttlngs. Year 1935  1936  Block No.  Nature o f C u t t i n g  11  Cleaning.  12  Liberation cutting and c l e a n i n g .  Hardwood F.b.m.  1190  Yield Cords  4.5  10  ditto  640  7  ditto  941  10.2  1773  6,3  8  Liberation cutting and c l e a n i n g .  2 #5  9  ditto  2028  6.6  13  ditto  2980  10.6  5  Thinning, Liberation cutting and c l e a n i n g .  3188  16.5  1937  4  Thinning. Liberation cutting and c l e a n i n g .  5608  20.7  1938  3  Liberation cutting and c l e a n i n g .  3206  12.3  1939  2  Thinning.. Liberation cutting and c l e a n i n g .  4707  15.9  1940  1  Thinning. Liberation cutting and c l e a n i n g .  13268  40.5  1941  14  Liberation cutting an'i c l eftnlng *  7957  17.9  1942  15  ditto  2668  16.6  1943  17  ditto  6138  14.6  1944  16  1910  8.3  i  •t  r  Liberation cutting, cleaning, &thinning  -22-  Plan o f p l a n t i n g . Year  1935  1936  Block No.  ~lacres;— Area to be p l a n t e d . Bare P a r t i a l l y Total stocked  No. o f p l a n t s needed. P i r Cedar Pine T o t a l  11  0.84  0,45  1.29  1220  180  150  1550  12  0.54  0.91  1.45  1280  360  100  1740  10  1,12  0.69  1.81  1890  280  2170  7  1.25  0,62  1.87  2010  240  2250  8  1,04  0,30  1.34  1290  120  200 1610  9  0.41  0.25  0.66  700  100  800  13  1,33  0.46  1.79  1760  180  0.80  640  320  960  0.85  870  150  1020  0 * 50  0.50  400  200  600  1380  600  1980 960  200  2140  1937  4  -  0.80  1938  3  0 ,45  0.40  1939  2  1940  1  0.13  1.50  1.63  1941  14  0.24  0,56  0,80  720  240  1942  15  0 .48  0.52  1.00  690  210  1943  17  0.18  0,32  0.50  480  120  600  1944  16  0.73  0.37 ;  1.10  1180  140  1320  .  300  1200  -23-  P l a n o f sowing f o r F o r e s t Nursery. Year  No. o f  seedbed3  (4 f t , by 12 f t . ) t o "be sown* Pine ( P j ) Total  F i r  Cedar  1935-36  3/4  1/3  1/8  1 1/4  1936-37  1/2  1/8  1/16  11/16  1937*38  1/2  1/8  1/5  13/16  1938-39  1/4  1/8  1/24  5/12  1939-40  3/4  1/10  1/24  11/13  1940-41  1/3  1/8  1/10  7/12  1941-42  1/3  1/5  1/10  2/3  1942-43  1/5  1/8  1/8  9/20  1943-44  1/3  1/8  1/16  1/2  1944-45  1/2  1/8  1/16  3/4  PROTECTION Fire, S l a s h d i s p o s a l w i l l he c a r r i e d out w i t h a l l s i l v i c u l t u r a l c u t t i n g s . Road systems w i l l be developed  I n order  to make every p a r t o f t h e f o r e s t a c c e s s i b l e .  Insects, Species t o be p l a n t e d should be chosen from those non-suseeptlble to Insect attack.  I f a species shlch i s  s u s c e p t i b l e I s grown, i t should form o n l y a s m a l l p e r c e n t * age o f a mixed s t a n d .  Diseases, Confine the s p e c i e s t o those n o n - s u s c e p t i b l e t o any  serious diseases.  The danger o f b l i s t e r r u s t on white  p i n e i s too g r e a t t o a l l o w p l a n t i n g o f white p i n e  except  on a v e r y small s c a l e I n m i x t u r e s . A l l mistletoes-diseased hemlocks should be removed as soon as p o s s i b l e to s t o p the I n f e c t i o n o f hemlock r e p r o d uction. When the overmature timber  I s removed and t h e mature  i s managed on a r o t a t i o n o f 60 y e a r s , h e a r t r o t w i l l be p r a c t i c a l l y e l i m i n a t e d from t h e f o r e s t .  SPECIAL PROBLEMS  1*  I t i s d e s i r a b l e t o f i n d a method o f o b t a i n i n g n a t u r a l  r e g e n e r a t i o n a f t e r c u t t i n g . At present  t h i s i s almost impos  i b l e , and a l l r e g e n e r a t i o n must be by p l a n t i n g due t o the heavy growth o f salmonberry which s p r i n g s up.  2. Some experiments w i t h seed-spots should be c a r r i e d out i n order t o determine whether o r not t h i s method would be s u c c e s s f u l i n e s t a b l i s h i n g a new s t a n d ,  3. Growth s t u d i e s should be c a r r i e d out more a c c u r a t e l y d u r i n g the f i r s t p e r i o d t o serve as a b a s i s f o r the new plan.  An a l d e r y i e l d t a b l e would be v a l u a b l e ,  4. A d e t a i l e d study o f t h e s o i l would be o f v a l u e .  - 2 6 -  AFFENDIX I .  Stand d e s c r i p t i o n , stand t a b l e * f.b.m. stock t a b l e and c a b l e stook t a b l e o f each b l o c k *  BLOCK  I  Area 4.22 a c r e s j scrub area 0.13 a c r e s . North-xvest a s p e c t . S o i l - loam to sandy loam. The b l o c k i s w e l l stocked w i t h hardwoods, cedar and hemlock. Hardwoods predominate over the north-westj towards t h e south-west end t h i s grades  i n t o f a i r l y dense  c o n i f e r o u s r e p r o d u c t i o n . Some cedar extends  i n t o the main  crown canopy, but a l a r g e p r o p o r t i o n o f thi<§ i s dead-topped. Some f i r r e p r o d u c t i o n has come i n along t h e n o r t h - e a s t boundary. Maple and cedar a r e t h e predominating  species.  Recommendations. The heavy cedar-hemlock r e p r o d u c t i o n should be t h i n n e d as soon as p o s s i b l e .  l i e r e the hardwoods predom-  i n a t e , t h e young c o n i f e r s should be r e l e a s e d and the spaces planted. The s i t e I s s u i t a b l e f o r f i r , cedar, hemlock and maple and should be l e f t as a mixed stand as f a r as p o s s i b l e ,  Estimates o f timber.  L  Species  F  C  H  B  A  F.b.m.  8693  10799  363  717  1688  Cu.Pt.  1671  2698  174  209  650  Cords  18.6  30.0  1.9  2.3  7.2  Ch  Total  177  33840  2787  217  8406  31*0  2.5  93.5  11402  PLATE V I . Open character of stand on Block!.  -28STAND TABLE BLOCK 1  071  14-41.  0 1 4  I-Lb  8 1 - 4 6  4 T - 7  l-qo 4S-36  1 0 - 4 1  iS-A-  V  aq-^s  S-Xl  o-qs  o-qs  5V4I  0 J 4 4q-S3  O-^S  57-3L  fe-b4 Sfc-4\  ixvqfc.  4 4 ©  4q-o<<> I) 1  2-37  3o-io  q-4t>  2-31  443X  4-SO 37 4 x  »x- 33 5-4.75 qq-oi  2 8  +\o  7-11  X-«b4  XI X3  2-o4 351o?>  7-3S 4  5.Lo  3o-vo  7-sq 4 3 - 3 f t  1-35  •24-n  s-qs  -45  4  2 ^7  \-  4-qa  joa  l-t«T  lo-<V3  LIB  2-Ct  X-fei  Viq.  1-56  O-4-T  1-41  OC\S  vqo  4-14  0-14  0-q5  l-tq  0-47  2-b4  OX4  0-47  OX4  0-47  1-4-2- | 3-St.  OM  OX4  o-47  0-14-  X-l3  I- iq  0-47  I.  0-Z4  o-qs  0-47  0-47  OX4 O-TI  0-47  X-Ul  O-T-4  0-47  24  —  37-45 45-03  4-So 3^-94 VI -to?,  fc-i L X - 1 3  4  53&1  Vov.1  IQ qo  l-i-74  IS-3o  I7-3Q  4-2.7  o-H  711  o-3o  3-3-2. 1 -  0-24  4-qb  L-L4 474  14 a o-qs  ILL  X-t V  071  O-A-1  0-H  I A-X  l-bb  2-ftS  0-47  o-T.1  !•(.«.  0-47  0.q5"  045  \ - 4 X  0-41  OX4  0-24  0-7 V  0-24  O -2.4  0-7.4  0-47  0-24  0-24  0>24  0-47  OX4  o-qs  0 - 1 4  1  4 - q b 2.3-4U  i-ia, [ 0 - 7 1  0-9,3  22  •—  5 -V]L o S o  O X 4  : o-qs"  2G  0 x 4  28  i.IS  i-iq  o-4T  0-47  l-Ub  3o  OX4  0-14  0-47  0-47  o-i  3 4  0-1.4  0-X4  0-24  0-X4  0 - 4 7  0-47  0-47  0-47  0 - 1 4  0-1.4 ;  6X4  OX4  0-Z4  Q-X4  0-24-  42 50 7 4  O-H 0-24  19  153  4-7  [ "37  49  3V8  1  (.53  -29P.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 1  IS  -  3<o 53  iq  15  T V  IS  Sb  1 0(9  3=\  » < V O  1*1  o tq-si vo  2."2.  I I  <*U 1 IO <*2-  ST  I 13  n  I to 1  T-O 1  V V S"  \-l5  1 V 1  VOl  \ O I  31 \  *1 1  15|  \ 5 1  •2-10  "2.1 O  3 Co "2.  Vol  I 11  &3  3fc>  So  (oO  ST)  139. 1V 3  S3  30  T-l  -i-T-S  v%S  v o* 5A-I  3 f t (o  3»8fe  X H  7.31  - S C o - 2 .  3 > U X  5s-r  19,7.0  llO  -4t>15 4.00 X1Q-Z-  -30CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 1  1 - 4  1-4-  i.q  1-3 . "3.- fc,  5. b  q-t.  4-X  15.X  2.XO  X-l  lOlo  1 4  14-t,  iqx  3fe"i-  U- v  lO-1 S - o  l4o-T  1 - 4  x-t 1-4  131-1  q>"b  Vl"3  2.4-. 4  lloX IS- |  S i .  4-<»-4  2S<»  Xb-3  lit  lll.l  <o-4  (.<V-o  Xjfc  54-1  1 l~S  4-4-^  03-^  lib Ut»-x  14-X  1 i-i IX-X  2X-a  22  xq.fc,  iq.u  24  I V 7 .  1%-X  2Co  2. [. fc  •L\-to  28  51-o  54-"S>  ItD  io-l  34  IS-O 5V4<»4-4  3<3-2. 4  4 o - 3  3<b  qo-z  4 *  50  1 Q«V.X 31Z-Q  3^S-^  t ^ . - S 4»-T.  41-fe  21-4  1X13)  3 o  51-0  »-o  1 ^ - 1 q 4 - t S l - 3  2.  Q0-2  <\0  (.1-2  tl-x  I Q 4 . X  >04-X  iixo  3~i-i-o  UxU-o  ISi-«|  Uo-"5  SV4- febSb ICftl-l-  -31-  2  BLOCK  Area  1.45  acres* a l l productive.  North-west a s p e c t . S o i l - g r a v e l l y sandy loam to sandy loam. The b l o c k i s f a i r l y w e l l s t o c k e d , g r a d i n g from a dense young stand of balsam and cedar a t the  south-east  end t o a sparse hardihood cover w i t h c o n i f e r o u s understory at the north-west  end.  Cedar and maple predominate over the whole b l o c k but balsam and cedar are the predominating south-east  s p e c i e s i n the  comer.  Recommendations. The young c o n i f e r o u s stand should be  thinned  and the remainder of the b l o c k s h o u l d be g i v e n a l i b e r a t i o n c u t t i n g and c l e a n i n g f o l l o w e d by  Estimates of P  planting.  timber. C  H  B  A  M  Ch  Total  P.b.m.  5471  8887  384  3709  693  3940  75  23158  Cu.ft.  1008  1771  101  756  296  1106  28  5066  Cords  11.2  19,7  1.1  8,4  3 « 3 . 12,3  . .3  56,3  -32STAND TABLE BLOCK 2 HAsROV/cOOS  JNVWUE 3-45 O-feq •assc,  •3-45  3-4S  qq-3(»  99-3 Us 3"\-95  10-35  1-58, 24.15  2 It, Obq  2-oT  22-n  3-4-S  26-2S  Slo-5o  21-11  10-35  3-45  11.-St.  3o-3(,  b-21  o-bq  a-qi  15- 81  1-38  136  V|4S  - o-bq  O-bq  21-bn  Sl-Clc  83 3u-sn  4-V-4Q  ST  4  8-28 • 23-4-U  1-3  33-12. 55 - IS  3-4-S  4-63  o-tq  14-IS 21 -bO  O-bq ; >144 20-20  1-38  o-bq  1  116 i  •  1  lta-fe.3  D  X-Tfc ' S-S2- n - i i 2 It. l-5q o-uq i-ib 4-14  i  -  1-18 3b-S1 4S-S4  2-0-1  0-1,9  2-lb  21  X-07 ; 3-4S 5-91  o-bq  O-bq '  26-29  •  2-OT  4-  *4  4 - 1 4  12-4-1. > 4 - 4 q  1-36  lo-3S  V O .35  b-q 0  i-5"q  8-SI  \o -35  1-38  2-1W  2-on  4 - \ 4  4-14  b-2v  ouq  D-b^  o-tq  O-bq  1-38  o-bq  414 j  O-bq  o-bq  4- 3  24 28 O-bq 3o  1-3© ( 24,21.  o-bq  Obq  1-38  3<3-^5  . & 9 l i b-qo  O-bq,  Obq  2i-n  Q  o-bq  o-bq  o-uq  O-bq •  o-bq i  o-bq  o-bq 1  obq  l-3  1-38  32. 34 3<b  q-bq j  1  38  -J O-bq  4o  Q  1-38  1-38 j O-bq  54 1  i.  o-bq  o-faq  * ii  lo-tJ  IL6-4  »5-<q :  ob-3  218-8 44 8 iqs-o  4-  242 1 5K.-5  -33P.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 2  IA  35  XI  55  55  A-q  114  Zl  W  IIO  11.5  K.5  •&  "*4  4 3 3  A-«X  X-J-o  Z-4-I  514-  <ooA  134  133  2.^T>  A-Col  A-T-4-  VOIA  VO\4  IA33  23ft  51 S  XT"! X14  loi  X3b  2.IQ  z-n zz  534-  24  131 5  2<o  435  2?>  (o«3,X  bo  1435  32  <o0 4-  °  -iq<#  s1  i5ol  40 5A 244-1  m  3 ti T_q  534  •  1* I S ^•"  s , s  fc88  4-35  34-  534  xc  s  1556  (oOA  (oQ4  (0^4  <»S4  zxqq  2-2-qq  IftZZ  IbXX.  xq4i  xq4i-  4-n  i i n 5-a. 3141= v5qi i  -34CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 2  2-6 1-4  1-1  AS 1- \  5-to  I 1-2.  \ A-o  fa-3 V(o-D  Ifc-fc  iq.3  14-S  20 1  •53-b ?)2-l  A-q.  qt-v,  1 Ql -S  -14-S  9o-l  list  i3q-t  S3-I  C|3-1  lA-8  Lft-3  (.-3  3o-4-  45-5  33-fc>  7o4  TO-4  l S I "J  lo<o-3  49.<•  I CJA-A  11 -1  S4-Ti  49-C  s«.o  104-3  • 944  Ls-i  2-5  fa 5 V  "82-2  iq4-4 x q > i 41-4  41-4  lots-  22 24 2C 28  2-94 •<«>  143-5  30  5C4-3  . "32-a fcAT-l  ai-B  B&-2  88-2  31 34  lll-lo  3C.  1344  38  ISl-O,  AO  339,2  54  l\Vb  2B2 b  54i-o  tqS-3 VV-i.i-2 -70-0  S H - 5  13 4--A  134--A  43A 1  434-1  339-2-  33^-2,  5410  54 V-O  1S03-0 2o4-i lui-f,  »4<«  q^C-U 34^4.4  -35-  BLOCK 3 Area 1*30  acres? scrub a r e a 0,45  Aspect west.  acres.  S o i l - sandy loam.  The f o r e s t cover Is a mixture o f hardwood and  con-  i f e r s r a n g i n g from hardwoods w i t h an u n d e r s t o r y of cedar the south h a l f t o a eedar*balsam  In  mixture I n the n o r t h h a l f .  Some mature cedar and balsam form the upper canopy. Maple and cedar are the predominating The ground cover i s p r i n c i p a l l y  species.  • salmonberry,  W i n d f a l l i s bad along the south boundary and  along  the r o a d .  Recommendations, The w i n d f a l l s l a s h should be c l e a n e d and the b l o c k g i v e n a l i b e r a t i o n c u t t i n g and  up,  cleaning  f o l l o w e d by planting,; Estimate o f t i m b e r . P  C  B  A  M  Ch  Total  1141  1630  435  14091  198  P,b,m,  4267  4445  2172  Ou.ft,  785  879  1021  346  565  Cords  8,7  9,8  11,3  3,8  6,3  3795 42,1  -36STAND TABLE BLOCK 3 1  o-TT  HARO^OO&S  3-o5 (o-!5 28 4ft  1-54  q-23 q-23 1-54  3-85  iov-t»\  IC5V-I. \  io-n  40-11  13-65  23-06-  4o-7q q-23  qa3  32-3\  XC-ift  44-fe4  3o6  l»-\5  l8-4(o  O ~[-[  23-tO  2-3|  77  3G6>  S3q  2-31  31-S"!  \-S4 3S-4X  077  l  1-3*  23-61  3-oa  29 !(. 3&-&0  1-54  1-54  2-31  23-61  4-tl  3oiq  , 1-54  13-65  3-84  »q-23 iq- 13  O  O-J7  0-77  54  0-7T  0-17  lV-54 X-3 1 IU- i c  It-it  4.WI  q-23  5-38) . iq-xx  iq-22  3-OQ  U-lS  1-3\  M-54  11-54  2»t)4  3-84  X-3 1  9-qq  V0-7t»  1-3 1 4 - U  4-t.x  1-54  1-54  3-o8  3-oft  0-77  0-77  \S4  x-3\  0-77 27  0-77  C>-77  1-S4  It.  o-77  1-54  2-3 I  16  0-77  32-33  2-31  2-31  0-T7  4o-8 l  0-71  1-54  24 o-7T  077  0-77  o n  V-54  1-54  0-71  077  0-77  0-7,7  0 77  0-77  30  » 3fc  1-54 071  48 54  0  77  on  l4fa-3  11-3  4&-X-  l5"q-4-  "SO -  o xn- s  414-1  -37F.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 3  |T_0  2-3  -J.^,  123  XA-Q  VX.3  i4-e>  l0"3  t%5  4Q6  ^  321  IK.3  X a  4-QQ  1 1  >3o  (OS  1t1  -|^.  14&  A-T2. -AT. 3  31-0  34-3  xcno  zq>  2-U>0  l 3 o  "5^3  3(o5"  S-£|3  24 \5ft  5  5^3.  5C\3  4-00  io 31 34-  34.  n?  •4-3  iboQ,  Kooq  ST-ftX  34 3 l % 2  3282  -IIS  34-iq  l < o 1  l  Q3T.1.  3i. 8-2 ,  U54-  33 S  X4-1--1 »ot)3q  -38CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 3  b-X  55-4  ISA  -n- o  |4«>  b«t-x  ixq  q-i4  3X2  b4<°  27 1  5S-3  2 o -<b  103-8 \ o 3 - 3  4xX  X5-4-  \oq-%  11 b-7  -low  18-b  fc-q  M  3q-3  23-8  48-S"  qoi  133-fa  bq-o  xbq.o  33?>0  134-5  4>o • l  4o- O  D O - I  111  xni  nq-x 3 ( e - X  3b-X  2X  -ix-o  138-b  24 2&  3X4  8o-3  4->3--3  %2-4  82-4  4-1b-0  -41.b-0  3o 32 3b> 43  141-t  14Tb  2q%o  xqt>-o  iqfc-o  b 04-0  bb40  54 1,04..  (,04° (.nu-i.  2ob?3 2bb-4- 4-341 151-5 ftSvb x q i v q  -39-  BLOCK 4 Area 2*50 acres,; a l l p r o d u c t i v e , Horth-west a s p e c t , The  S o i l » g r a v e l l y sandy loam.  f o r e s t cover grades from a dense mixed stand  at the n o r t h end t o an open mixed stand a t the s o u t h . Cedar, balsam and maple are the predominating Ground cover i s p r i n c i p a l l y  species. swordfera.  Recommendations, The denser p a r t s o f the stand r e q u i r e t h i n n i n g ; t h e remainder should r e c e i v e a l i b e r a t i o n c u t t i n g and c l e a n i n g f o l l o w e d by p l a n t i n g .  Estimate o f timber, P  C  F,b.ra.  225  10490  1870  1550  1345  4062  200  Cu.ft,  64  2002  409  382  670  1114  86  4725  Cords  ,7  22.2  4.6  4.2  7,5  12.4  .9  52,5  H  B  A  M  Ch  Total 19743  -40STAND TABLE BLOCK 4 1  oe-w  HARDWOOOS  F  12 Q-4 Sb-ft  2-e  10  0-4  Si-Co  2-4  f  3-b  3q-2  2  1-3  1A--4  3  1-2.  b-8  4  1-2  2-3  5  0-4  0-8  j&  08  a 9  0-4  to  0-4  \Z  0-4  14-  "TOTAL  lAt-oeR MAPLE CHERRY  CB0A»  i  j bfc-O  n-b 3i-4  fe-0  18-4 vq-b  i  4W-0 ftSZ  28-4  1'2  » 1 bfc-o 4tO I \ 5-1.  K  55-t . 0-4 52-% 32$ 3-1 4q-b  40  STo-8 4T-2  5b, o loq-b  it  13-2  3-2  3T.-b  b-4  4-4  5--C.  4-o  3-U  fa-8 2b-O b-8 lfe-4  0-4  6-4  b- O  0-8  V4-o  14-ft  0-4  2-4  2- %  n-(=,  8o  0-8__j IC-4  iq-2  0-4  b-4  1-2-  S-2  s-c  Oft  2-o  3-Co  \-b  3 2. 2-a.  l-<-  0-4-  0-4 C-4  >8  l-U  1 -1.  Ob 2-o 0-4 0-4-  0-4  D-%  0-4  0-8  (8  1-2  1  JoO-4  34.-8 | 4T.-4 24-4 so-8  ! ivo o-a  fa-O  a-o  4-4 V-2.  2-0 J  a-4-  V-2.  0-4  0-4  0-4  Q  -4  Oft V-2  D-4  20 22  0-4  0-4-  0-4  24  0-4  0-4  O- 8  2.4.  0-8  0.-8  o-6  y  0-4  0-4  OQ 0-4-  1-2  <^-4  K  0-4  p-4  0-4 0-8  0-4  0-4  0-8  Oft  44  o-4  D-4  0-4  "SO  0-4 .  0-4  O- 4  S 34 4o  1—n  |  . 12-0 U6-4  I lO-ft  ^1-2 2ife-4 21-3 3Cfa-4 fa4v-2  334-8  1  -41F.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 4  16  3a  q3  31  9 3  fe3  111  q<b  \  liq  I 0 2.  9 1  44  44-  9 ^  24  136 334 4  I K 5\  84  84  2a  2oo t 1 5"  -2-\  S-S  3<o  22  So  lo  A-"J-A  vqi-  28-3  1 8 1  AHl-  V 31  213  <o8  (oft  •2.3<»  Sft  qft  96  V  Vfto  21 (0  A Ob  (»lC  44  8 0  46>?>  334  334 3qq  l(e  3SO  SlS  5bO  11  qs  -  3o 32  ST. q  34  3fe  4 0 1 .  402.  lose  105(»  4 - 0  T-  38 40 4-2AA-  (o Co O  t#W0  (ole O  qi8  91ft  qib  4 i q w  i  4  b  (0-2.0  StoS4  538>  KolS  fto  2243  Ibnl  -42BLOCK 4 CUBIC STOCK TABLE  3-2.  1 -2  I 3C  21-2  \ -2  2-0  43-2  i-t,  13-2  14-3  5 3-2  2-4  3-4  lO -to  4b-3  10-4  21-fc  3q-<.  ^.3-X  4l-(o  n-2  14.4  tO-4-  lo -4  oa  2-4  o-8  4-8  Co-6 i o-a  IO-4 3-2  tq-j. >4.?>  q-w 20-3  4V-(o  22  25-2  25-2  24  3Q 4  3o-4  2<»  11-0  T.2-0  28  as-(.  3o  82-0  3X  82o Uo-6  Ho-8  3tp  3C.-0  4-3  9n-U  Ul-2  4<o  &4-o  8C,-o  S-(„  U4--8  l2C|.l«  qn-2  lol-8  (.-0  q3-U  5o-4 Ob  (i  14-a lO-4  loa-o  3\ -2.  14.4  14.4  5(oO  13-8  »8-8  18-8  3o o  3o-o  SS-2  n i-2  lO l-b  T  1-2.  2 2-0 43-0  4ft-o V3V<o 82-0 Uo-8 "U-8  4o  iqva  iqt, 8  44  122-0  122-0  1 22-0 n3-(.  SO  2S-(o  floo-ft  lto1-<o  IS3-0  l«.4^0 It^.o 445-t. 34-4 143-0 l8q\0  -43-  BLOCS S  .rea 2.65 a c r e s ; 3erub area 0.08 A'est a s p e c t .  acres.  S o i l - loam t o sandy loam.  The b l o c k i s covered by a dense,mixed hardwood s t a n d .  conifer-  Cedar and hemlock, maple and c h e r r y are  the predominating s p e c i e s , although c o n s i d e r a b l e f i r i s also present. «  Recommendations. Most of the b l o c k r e q u i r e s t h i n n i n g , accompanied by a l i b e r a t i o n c u t t i n g and c l e a n i n g .  The west  boundary should be d r a i n e d and the area p l a n t e d to f u l l stocking with  conifers.  Estimate o f timber. P  C  H  B  A  M  Ch  Total  F.b .m.  1182  1765  3638  18  832  1635  721  9792  Cu.ft.  315  467  994  15  352  574  559  3275  Cords  3.5  5.8  11.0  .2  3.9  6.4  6*2  36.4  PLATE V. Dense cedar-hemlock. Age 1 to 20 y e a r s .  -44STAND TABLE BLOCK 5  0-% 3-4  Oft 2-3  b-4  1 l.O  TV-O sq-3  vt  I- I  Sq-3  121  B-q-z.  2T.-2  O-j  124-3  <0-4  23-4  2<J-4 44-2  Ifeb-S  i i  55- I  3-1-4  2-3  1 Q2-Q  iq  24-CJ  l«o-2 43-O  14S-Q  8-3  3qu  3T.-4  bw-b  a-U  33- Co  3o-X  4- I  n i  iq-3  41-1  1-5  21-0,  2o-4 43- 6  3-4  IX-4  lot  o-b  2T.-X  3-0  IX-ft  C.-4  lo(o-4 IS3-2 84-q  32-O  59-2  13-S  28Cc  4fc 1 23-b  Q-4  5-2.  U-i  V- \  Vb- I  2-3  l-Q,  4-5  44  0-4-  111  3o  3 4  5-1  12- »  I- V  is  3-0  0-4  (o-O  4-5  3-D  -8-3  I <b- Co 22- <o  0°,  iq  2-Co  5-3  o-4  1 • 5* 4- I  (e- o  U-3  1-5  ii  0-4  3o  vq  11  4-q  -i-q  II  Ob  0-4  2-3  2-3  o«  3-5"  5-"6  0-6  V-fa  0-4  O -4  O-ft  2-4  »• i  V-5  2.- (,  O -4  0-4  3-0  o%  0-4  1-2  0-4  0-4  \-fe  -  O-b  10-4  1  0-4-  0-4  4qq  3333  0 4  vo-3  1  I- 1  V-  Ob  O-b  sface-io  Q-4  0-4  0-4  vnx-n  0-4  24-2  i4v-(o  13-1-3  303.1  Ob  b-cq-i  -45F.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 5  bo  1  3.3. 130  •q-5  l£Ti l "so  4  qb  i8o  (.2.  -n  >65  ib  >4b  b»  35  i i  -2.cn  141  3\  \ io  lb. o  3i5 \ n  1  4  4  1  m  T  •bl.4  U  M  i  3«J3  ib  114  43 »  44  &&  34 o  4bS  b8  bb  533  •2.4 b  Hb  4  4  4  4  bbb  I3r|3  4  1  3.0 ft  24q2  <  344 4  1  3o & 244  44 (o  4-  3>4.  l*n  2T2  244  i&2  1203  3bqs  -46CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 5  It. »l-4 qq  £•3 XI.-«.  qt.  u-4  »4-l  (o-O q-q  iq-1 SI-1  q  X  34-<»  31-5 3-<«  43-1  q.t.  5X- \ vi-i (DO°J 1 Q-4 112- \  •3(2  54-0  XO-4  34-X  x<»-u  5bt  IX-l 13-0-  114 -4 !4(o-l  IX- c  iob-q  UW-2  3C-S  34-0  q-w  2o-q  s^-q  q4-5  (.-6  \\  10-4  2o-b  14-4  14-4  »bb  lob  !•(«,  Ub-S  XI-(.  Sq.(.  1 OX-3  102-3  >02-x  Ho 3o-4-  qx-0  4(o'8 2 4  31 I 3(o-3  7.X \ 5-7. zq-b  32-o  XX. V -T. 2X  3o-4  3ns.o  35-fc  3S(o  T.ft-4  (o(o-0  (.Tvl. 132-T. Xlfc-U XlO-q 5(o OX |73S.b  -47-  • BLOCK 6  Area 2*65 acres,, a l l p r o d u c t i v e and f u l l y North-west a s p e c t .  stocked*  S o i l - sandy loam.  The b l o c k i s covered by a f a i r l y even stand o f n a t u r a l cedar reproduction,, 5 f e e t i n h e i g h t t o 4 Inches d.b.h.  E a r l y I n 1935 I t was cleaned and p l a n t e d t o f i r ^  with a l i t t l e  cedar and l o d g e p o l e p i n e .  I t I s f a i r l y low-  l y i n g and a few spots w i l l r e q u i r e d r a i n i n g ,  Recoxnmendations * Cleanings w i l l be necessary f o r a few years u n t i l the young t r a n s p l a n t s a r e above the salmonberry* I t may be necessary t o remove some o f the l a r g e r f i r , hemlocks and cedar i f they develop i n t o wolf t r e e s In the f u t u r e . Drainage  should be improved as soon as  possible* Estimate o f timber. F  C  H  B  Total  F.b.m*  337  117  18  85  557  Cu.ft.  169  32  18  25  244  Cords  1.9  .4  .2  .3  2,7  -48-  STAND TABLE BLOCK 6 Pine  4 . S C . 0  4-q  m-i  IS-  ioq-5  1-5  n-3  1-1  IAl-1.  12- 1  i-q 4 . 9  l.Ob-5  »Avx bo'b-S  AS  IXO-4  IXOA-  AX.  iq-o  0  4  A3-q U-3  I O X  5-6-q  S - 3  \0(o  ln-x  s-i  S "I  3 0  1-5  1-1  I S  t-5  0 - 6  OA  1-5  Ob  A-X  5 3  A- Z .  0 - 4 >  Co  4 3 - q  1-3  I  BO bo  l-l  5-3  5-3  I-A  OA  Oft  3- 1  3  l.q  OA  OA-  2. 1  2.-1  0 - 4  0-A-  O-A  oa  0 b  O©  OA  O-AO-A  O-A-  OA  OA-  50b-O AfeOl XO-b  1.3-a  1 5 1 A-q  1033-4  -\  IQ33-4  -49P.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 6  qo 52. 31  32. 3fe>  31  1\  O  -50CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 6  iq-o .<v  u  o%  '***'  li-t,  loi-l  ix-o  u-t,  R-w  7-0°,  V3<o  -51-  BLOCK,7  Area 2.50 a e r e s ; scrub area 1,25 acres*. West a s p e c t *  S o i l - sandy loam,*.  A l a r g e p a r t o f the b l o c k I s covered by a sparse hardwood stand and dense salmonberry.  The n o r t h - e a s t p a r t  Is covered by f a i r l y t h r i f t y cedar and hemlock r e p r o d u c t i o n * Cedar and hemlock and maple predominate. Recommendations, A l i b e r a t i o n c u t t i n g and c l e a n i n g f o l l o w e d by p l a n t i n g are necessary f o r r e s t o c k i n g t h i s b l o c k .  Estimate o f timber.-. P  C  H  A  M  Ch  Total  F*b,ia*  16500  5315  45  312  1973  67  24213  Cu,ft,  3250  1011  14  176  659  81  5191  Cords  36,1  11.2  .2  1.9  7.3  ,9  57,7  -52STAND TABLE BLOCK 7  o-a  ia-o  n-x  3-fe  o-o  l-fe  l0«l-2  2-4  3Vb  8-o  2-4  4b-4  3-G,  lb-8  0-4  l-O  3o-8  S-l  4b-4  14-8  too  ll-O  i-a  0-4  Ib-O  0-4  4-0  O-a  1-2  5-fe  1-2  8-8  0-4  lb  o-a  0-8  31  0-4  0-8  0-4  O-a 0-4  10-4  101-2  0-4  4-8  2o-8  U-2  o-a  12-4  2V-2  l-fa  loo  2-8  14-4  n-b  1-2  lb  10-8  \ 2  13b  14-8  0-4  4-4  84  3 2  Ib-o  lb-4  lb  b-4  o-8  8-8  8a  IL  4-4  lb  "lb  %-h  0-4  5-2  b-o  1-2  0-4  0-8  0-4  o-a  4-D  o-4  3-1  3-b  3-b  i  l-(o  2-8  2-8  i  0-4  0-4  0-4  0-4  0-4  0-4  O-ft  o-a  o-8  o-a  O-o  0-8  28  0-4  O -4  30  0-4  0-4  0-4  31  0-4  0-4  0-4  •42  0-4  0-4  0-4  44  0-4  0-4  •21 24 2fc  Q»8  °-4  82  o-4  12-8  184-4  35-1  8-4  0-4  0-4  Q-4  0-4  0-6  o-a  0-4  0-4  0-4  0-4  24-O-a  23-2  Ill-Co  IC-O  l<oO-8 4Ql-b  -53F.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 7  7-1*  \8  ArA-  i5  l-i-J  »3>  I OT.  us  us  11  107.  nq  nq  2-1  Vqq  -a. C  3Co  3(o  (.8  <oft  \74  74-3  o  U8 114  1-24  22 2Ho  l i b  11 (o  IB  loft  ZOD  3 0  7.57.  1ST.  1S1  31  3oo  300  •3.C3 O  42  Co4  <oo4  TA 2Co  "3«0  38 o  Co  32  nuo  3  B  4  o  UCocro 21-j.O  18  0  4  30Q  3oo  fee  qio8  n u o  211* o  3840  3840  oi44  \i5  i&q  2.-\  q4t  qiobs  -54CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 7  0-4 3-2  2-7.  2-4-  3-4  5-4  tn-t  33-u n-a fa-q-o t>4-4  At  !>S>4  111  3 o lt-1  n-z  4-8  0  3b-o 3-u  si-a  sx«  53-2  58-<«  4c-  52-b  0  3q-b 3q-b 41-b 41-b  «H  <*•«.  io4  n-i 14-4  q-b 14-4 14-4  32-O  37.-0  32-O  bo-ft  bO-o  bO-8  72 74 2b 2ft  42-%  30  42-8  SO -4  32  45-o  48-o  qo-a  50-4  50-4  5"8-8  Sft-fc  47  CoT-2  b-l-7.  bl-2  44  "lb-8  lb-8  14.-8  524-Q  524-0  S24-0  82 77to-0  llU'O  nt-o  b3  1  3  o  c  j -o A^<\«r  5  -b  ll'O-O  "104 2b3-b  Vl-4- 3bb-4 2 o l t 4  -55-  BLOCK .8  A r e a 1,58 a c r e s I s c r u b a r e a 1.04 a c r e s * West a s p e c t *  S o i l - sandy loam*  Most o f t h e a r e a i s d e n s e l y c o v e r e d b y  salmonberry.  Some c e d a r r e p r o d u c t i o n I s c o m i n g i n a t t h e s o u t h - e a s t a n d n o r t h - e a s t corners,.  Some m a t u r e c e d a r  I s present on t h e  block.  Maple and cedar a r e t h e predominating  species.  Recommendations, G l e a n up t h e ? / i a d f a l l d r a i n t h e swampy a r e a n e a r M a r i n e to  slash along the road,  D r i v e , c l e a n and p l a n t  conifers*  Estimate o f timber. C  B  A  M  Ch  Total  1621  43  8271  P .b .ra.  5830  668  109  Cu*ft*  1178  137  28  525  23  1894  Cords  13.1  *3  5.8  .3  21*0  -56STAND TABLE BLOCK 8  O-fe  So-fc  ST  O-fc,  O-fc  S b - 3  SCo.-s  X 5 S  •3-e,  7.q- i  8-2.  •3-Z.  » 1-4  14-fc  4-4  l-q  (o-3  2-5  2-0.-1  O- Co O(o  fc-S,  lo-q  18,-4  O-fc  21-5  lfc-5  O-fc  O-fc  5oo  O-fc,  n->  IC-5  O-fc  n i  O-1  v s q  \-"3  I 5-2  15-2  120  l2-o  H-4  51  O-fc  W-a  tvq  To  o-fe  It  it,  4-4  4-4  4-4 2-S  O-fc  \-q O-fc  O-fc  2>-\  1-q  iq  O-fc  1-2  O-fc  O-fc  O-fc  O-fe  O fc  O-fc  O-fc  O-fc  O-fc  e>-fe  Z4  2"1-b  O-fc  o-fc  o-fe  O-fc  \-2.  28  O- (o  O . fc  O-fc  40  O-fc  O-fc  0-(o  O - Co  O - (o  O-tb  q2-T  \€-2  0-t»  lOVi  18"2>  IS-Q-O  lo-fc  1 2 8 4 282-4  -57-  P.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 8  "oO I 2>0  I I I  24  7 8  3o  io  loo I  7.7.  7-7.  be,  loo V  7.-L  q q  ion  10T  t55  I  -SS  111  Vol  1 111  ioco  4 1 3  37.q  aoq  3i.q  4o  73&A  2384  ifaqo  •4-HS  (oq  lOllo  7.7  IUZ  573S  -58CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 8  a-4-  48-0  4«o  W8  3qO  4 q o  53-2  SV7.  4-o-fc  4Q-(o  4o-b  5 4 1  3 4 1  3T--3  32-5  IS-lp  2.4  7l-b  2i-b  2V-1,  lt>-L  T-o  4s.-b 3b  b-fc 31.-3  11-  Q  11-O  lS-b  3l-3  5-2-2.  S3-4 (.1-6  bn a  4-T1-5  477-5  X%-2 32-3  2 4  xa  -2  U  140 -4  b-l-t,  4-0  bo  •745-4  ).  G  %  T0  834-2  421-5  | 0 O  3324  144 3 t p 4 o liqq-O  -59-  BLOCK 9  Area 1.07 a c r e s ; scrub a r e a 0.41 a c r e s . West aspect*  S o i l - loam t o sandy loam.  The b l o c k i s n e a r l y f l a t and f a i r l y w e l l d r a i n e d . The f o r e s t cover I s p r i n c i p a l l y young cedar, 1 f o o t I n h e i g h t to 2 i n c h e s d.b.h. w i t h some hardwood as an o v e r s t o r y . Groundcover I s dense salmonberry.  Recommendations... The a r e a should be c l e a n e d and p l a n t e d t o conifers.  Estimate o f timber. C  H  A  M  F.b.m.  613  202  413  Cu.ft.  170  52  Cords  1.9  .6  Ch  Total  1491  124  2843  116  439  40  817  1.3  4.9  .4  9.1  PLATE I I I .  B l o c k 9 f r o m M a r i n e D r i v e , s h o w i n g new  T y p i c a l h a r d w o o d s t a n d w i t h some c o n i f e r o u s  ditch.  understory.  -61ST AND BLOCK  "3-2.  ZS-q  fa-5 ua-5  •So-q  O-q O-q O-q  C-5-  qi-3  3-1  2-ft  nu it T  l-ft>  q-z  1ft  i-ft  z-e>  l-ft l-ft  sq-z.  254  0-q  1 Co-7  O-q  1 3 1 - 9  1 3 1 - 5  Bq.Z  4-fa  13-q  9  3 5 - 1  5 - f a  7-4  TABLE  O-q  3-2  O-q  O-q  5 I < } 13-  q-3  o-q  O-q  22  O-q  Q  3o-U  i4-a  3 l - 5  q-3  1 \ - V  Z.o-3  3-1  fa-S  3-T  3-7  7-4-  4 - C ,  4-- C  ~l-4  ft-3  4»-4  <b-4-  l-ft  V-ft  2-1  1-1  5-S  G<S  O-q  Zft  o-q  fa-5  l-ft  3-1  0-q  o-q  04  o-q  O-q Q-q  V«3ft-4-  o-q  3-T  o-q  z.-u  3-1  -4-Co  o-q  o-q  ija  o-q  oq  O-q  o-q  0-q  O-q  O-q  O-q  o-q  o-q  24  2B 3 0  15-7  Ifol-q  2-4-. q  ie>  O - q  305-2. Z4-8- 13C-1  54-fo Z15-S 5ZO-2  -62F.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 9  18  18  \ -aq  18°  A-q  15b  2q  zq  58  58  M5  IT3  q%  3oo  ia  113  2 4 1  58 H3  q8  152 4 - T i  13q  22 O  HQ  V QQ  Ioo  22  3 5q,  lib 2l b  242b 18 3o  2oo  5Ti  7oo  18^  I b l  lOO  38b  13CJ3  Ub,  lbq5  "iCo s i  -63CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 9  x-e  i -a  4-1=  v -a  V(.  3-fe  S-4-  I4'6  iq-4-  xi-i.  3lX Si?,  Co-3 1 b-X  si-fa  a-q  22  is-3  3o-?>  X3-4-  00-x  •4 b-1 13.-4-  Tvi-4-  4-4,0 3C-D  i b o  iq-t,  1n o  133 1  loQ-0  Q  -42-3  42-3  3Co  3CQ  STo-n  5b 1  )x-\.  \ * V 3  3fa-0 5V2  24  2fa 2b 30  fco-O  IS-q-l  4-0-b  b o o  2 0 1 "J  loOO  lOfc-q  4-»o-4  -iCo-q  5Sfa-X2b3q  -64-  BLOCK 1Q  Area 2.50 a c r e s j scrub a r e a 1.12 a c r e s . P l a t aspect.  S o l i - sandy'loam.  The b l o c k Is b a d l y overgrown w i t h dense  salmonberry.  On the n o r t h - e a s t s i d e o f the a r e a some cedar r e p r o d u c t i o n i s coming i n ; t h i s grades Into a cedar-hemlock mixture the n o r t h .  S c a t t e r e d patches  towards  o f cedar and cedar-hemlock r e -  p r o d u c t i o n ocuur here and there over the b l o c k . The fir,  s i t e i s f a i r l y w e l l d r a i n e d and s u i t a b l e f o r  cedar, a l d e r and maple.  The p r i n c i p a l  s p e c i e s a t present  a r e cedar, a l d e r and maple.  Recommendations, C l e a n i n g and p l a n t i n g a r e n e c e s s a r y t o f u l l y stock the a r e a .  Estimate o f timber C  H  S  A  M  Total  F.b.m,  20  112  18  182  458  790  Cu.ft.  11  50  5  115  111  292  Cords  a  ,5  .1  1.3  1.2  3.2  :  -65STAND TABLE BLOCK 10 CONIFERS CEOAR MS meet  0/  H A R D W O O D S  1  \  5-2  5  a.-o  4rfc-0  \o  i-fc  l-l  fc3-fe  Z-4  0-4  5 2 - fc  •5-2.  l-Z  (o'a-l  fc-a l-Z  l-Z  32-4  4  I-  o-a o-a  20-O  3-c  o>-a  8  1-fc  n-fc  54--0  34-0  faq-2  o-a  Z-O  fc-a z- 0 i-z  TbTW-  |MAPl£  BAVSAM  4-0  I  I  ,» . |  zq-fc  25.-O  3-o  3-fc  0-4  120  44-4  2-3-fc  1-2  1-2  o- a  i-2  zee.  8-a  l-Z  2-D  0-4  -j-fc  12-4  ll-O  x-a  1-2  4 0  Ifc-O  S"6-4  nq-z  U4-0 -1  1  iz.  l-Z.  2.4  ic  0-4  Z-O  •A-A  o-a  I-Z.  z-o  z-o  0-4-  2-4  4-4  0-4-  o-a  1-Co  o-O  t-2.  2-a  l-Z  1- 2  i- 2  o.«  o-a  o-«*.  o- a  0.4.  o-A  OA  O-  O- 4  O- 4  14-5-fc  A-24-3  0-4-  0 4  \ \z  0-4  0-4-  0.4  0 4  m. 4  •  1  "  ' ' *  •  ,m  r  •1  lO -4- 228-4 zn-fc  a-a  3-2.  o-a  znq-zi na-o  4-0-Q  Zn.fc  t  !  • -  - 6 6 -  P.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 10  13  i  2ft  3S  12.  3 2  ft  45  37.  7  Cod  »7-  7.fc  lft3  4=>  k6  2-4  24  7-fc  Sb  (oft  <oO  7.57,  3\C  -67CTJBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 10  11  l-4  3-Co  I-Co  "5-Co  s-2.  I-fc  -4-4-  1-7.  Q.-2.  ).(. ll-O  1-4-  S.fc  1.?,  <xiO *4-4 & 4  10-b 4-*q-C«  4-4  Zo-O  4fe  2-1  llo-lo  Vo-b  lo-'o 4-4  a-a, ft-a <••?>  V(,-4  14-4  14.4  144  i%a  va-a ia-a  (.-ft  4C-o  VQ.-U  4-4-4  qo-4  Un-0  -68-  BLOCK 11  Area 2.65  aeres;  scrub area 0.84  South-west a s p e c t .  S o i l -• sandy loam..  The b l o c k Is d e n s e l y covered w i t h Patches  acres..  salmonberry  of good cedar r e p r o d u c t i o n occur s c a t t e r e d , and  the  n o r t h - e a s t edge i s p l a n t e d t o f i r and a small amount o f p i n e spaced 6 f e e t by 6 f e e t .  A few l a r g e f i r s a p l i n g s are grouped  near the n o r t h c o r n e r ; these had been p a r t i a l l y . s h a d e d by hardwoods which were removed e a r l y i n 1934* A bare swampy area occurs near the c e n t r e of the  .  b l o c k and needs d r a i n i n g . The b l o c k i s now 1 9 3 5  being cleaned and p l a n t e d  (April,  ) .  R ecommendat Ions y, Drainage  o f the bloek should be  improved^  and the p l a n t e d stock should be kept f r e e from weed competi t i o n by c l e a n i n g f o r s e v e r a l years.. Estimate of  timber* P •  Fib.m.  64  Cu.f t .  45.  Cords  .5  C  II  Total  48  112  9  19  73  .1  •2  .8  -69STAND TABLE BLOCK 11  23 +  3 ©  \no-c  3-Q  q.\  0-4  M  IA-.-S  \q  va-?j  3-I.O  ^T-ft  m-o  m o  15"  Co1-C»  a-O  l-q  OA  oO-A  OOA  (oQ  32.I  3-4-  I. |  OA-  4-3-O  43-0  3-8  2>-5  l-<3  Q©  lO-O  1-5  u.o  o-a  o-a  q i  0-6  \-\  o a  M  M  O-a  xiq-3 i o s q  T-O-O ° ^  < v  '  3  x-n  "i-i  2-2  i-2  0-4-  1-2  1-2,  O- A-  0-4  O  ia-(o x a o  A. .-a.  i-&-<q  5«iq  0-4  O - A sea-a  -70F.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 11  24  42-  41  42.  4-2-  -71CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 11  3-x  I I  u-c  -XT.  "1*7.  4 5  o  -3.7  \.w  s-i  ^-q  a.«,  ft-a  7-7.  q.<q.  <-\-4  3 - 4  3 - 4  3 - 4  ic|.|  77.q  T 7 . q  -72-  BLOCK  Area 2.50  acres;  12  scrub a r e a 0.54  acres.  South-west a s p e c t . S o i l - loam to sandy loam. The e a s t e r n h a l f o f the area i s covered by a dense stand of young cedar which r e q u i r e s t h i n n i n g ; t h i s grades i n t o scrub and salmonberry ©n the south-east  cover  cover towards the west,  i s a s t r i p of o l d e r mixed stand which  again grades i n t o young cedar at the n o r t h - e a s t end o f the block.  Hardwoods are r e l a t i v e l y sparse over the a r e a .  Recommendations. The dense cedar should be thinned as soon as p o s s i b l e to prevent  stagnation.  The remainder of the area  should be cleaned and p l a n t e d to f i r , cedar and  lodgepole  pine.  Estimate of P  timber. C 2860  Total  B  A  11  1025  1165  25  5332  32  1394  F.b.m.  257  Cu.ft.  73  617  292  379  Cords  .8  6.9  3,2  4.2  I  1 5  «  5  J  ffi PLATE V I I . Dense cedar-hemlock on Block 12.  PLATE IV. Block 12 l o o k i n g west. T y p i c a l group o f cedar r e p r o d u c t i o n surrounded by dense salmonberry.  -74STAND TABLE BLOCK 12  XC,  2-0  O-Q  51-4-  52-4  2-4  o-4  fc-4-a  2-ft  7.4.  q.o-4  0-4  Ha  2-4  4 8 0  1-2  20  55b  4 4  M  10-4  U-fc.  l-Cfa  5 0 -O  4.4  0-4  31.-2.  fa-8 2 - o  2.1-7.  3vX  1-2  0-8  faft-8  IS-2  2-a  C7-U  4-i-2  1X8- O  2ia-4  22-O  4o-4  <\1  5-1-2.  IT.- O  4-1 - "i.  i-fa  X-O  7-fa  2S-X  VX  l-u  X-0  4-a  i-x-«a  1-7.  l-X  0-4  2-a  •so  2-a  l-X  4--Q  -fa  52-a  1 0-Q  •2.-4  oa  4-$  l-(o  7 4  V-£o  4--O  l-(o  0-4  2-0  cfa-o  O-ft,  2-a  4.0  X-O  o-a  2-a  fa.8  o-6  1-7.  0-4  Q-4  lfc>  i- fc,  2-4  2-4  2-4  4-8  o-a  1-2  2-a  2-0  4-0  0-4  Q-4  0-4  b-8  o-a  d-8  0-4 0-4 o-4  0-4  O- 4  0-4L2  0-4  0-4  0-4  o-a  oa  o a  o-a  3  D-4  Q - 4  4  V2Q  2^8-4  4TS-fa  lO-a  3(,q.X  •a  O •4 o •4  IX-O  0-4  32  o  30-Q  0-4  o-a  2- B  °-  a  °-4-  <^6-Q  28-4  75-2  20fc,o 5 7 5 - 2  4.4  -75F.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 12  3 0  (  2<o  12.  C  o  ~  (04-  41  [  \  C O  V02.  T(o  H6  110  nq  2,8 q 44  44  44  13-5  q&  22.  1Q  no  70  z»2  30 8  •5>o&  32.  bOO  (a OO  (* OO  34  3 5 0  3-a O  3-3-0  103  H44  4VO  \CaS--  4UW  lO  41 C  -2\-i.3  -76CTJBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 12  3-2  3-fc  4  a  4-8  4.a  2.X  ISA  u-a  4.8  l»D  3 2  3 C  20  a  1 o -Ct  12-.a  U-2.  <?•<.  <\<°  222  14-O  1 \- (o  4-6  6  IUQ  2ft  IX-O  2l-fc  <<-»(o  4»-a  3-u  au  i.a-2  2»tZ  26 A  it,.A  5-ic.  3Q-CS  41- U  41-U  Tl-V  l O A-  lO-4  2a-a  2a-a  5-U  *o-4  2B& 2Q-4  22  2S-2  4t-a  24(.-Tj  lll-O  n o  32 34  74-X  V(o  ^ 4 - 1 .  I51-C  12-a  )fc<-.<>- SSq.O  BLOCK 13  Area 2.49 a c r e s ; scrub area 1.33 a c r e s . F l a t aspect.  S o i l - loam t o sandy loam.  The b l o c k i s p o o r l y stocked on the whole and covered by a heavy growth o f salmonberry. east and west i s p a r t i a l l y  A central strip  running  stocked w i t h mixed s a p l i n g s but  requires considerable p l a n t i n g . c h e r r y a r e the predominating  Cedar, a l d e r , maple and  species.  Previous p l a n t a t i o n s o f f i r have been b a d l y c u t back by r a b b i t s .  Recommendations. A small area r e q u i r e s d r a i n i n g . The whole b l o c k should be g i v e n a c l e a n i n g f o l l o w e d by p l a n t i n g . of  the s a p l i n g s nay r e q u i r e t o be removed should they  Some develop  Into wolf t r e e s .  Estimate of timber. P  C  H  8  A  M  Ch  Total  1787  398  105  802  2158  20  8850  F.b.m.  3580  Cu.ft.  657  396  124  34  305  627  15  2159  Cords  7.3  4.4  1.4  .4  3.4j  7.0  .2  24.0  -78-  STAND TABLE BLOCK 13 Pi T H E . Zl<b lo-o  Q- C3  22-Q  4b 0-6  2-Z-4  22-4  3C-4  3b-4 14-a  O-a  IX  4%  0-4  i-4~ a  o-4  U-2  11-2 -4--0  X4-  b-4  3- Co  3-2  •2.-a  b-o  l-fe  IX  xa  b-a  2-4  0-6  3-2.  2.-4-  1-2  X- Q  3-2.  o-a  o-3  0-4  q4-4  loa-b  \CO  2X- Q  qx  c b- o  ia -a  4-6,  n-2.  10-4  3 X  5-2  a-4  ll-b  2-o  3-Co  4-4  a-o  lO • o  o-a  lb  X-o  4--0  b-4  a-o  o-a,  1-2.  lb  4-6  fa-4  i-b  2-4  l-X  o-a  2-4  4-a  l-b  x-o  3-fc  a-b  I-Co  2-4  4-0  4-a  Q-a  o-a  l-x  o-a  IX  0-4  0-4  X-O  O-A  o  o  o-  •Or  4-  o-a  4  0-4  o-4  0-4  G-4  \ Q-4  I- b  6-4  Q-4  o-a 0-4  Q•4  Q-4  0-4  0-4  0-4  22  0-4  24 2.C  0 - 4  0 - 4  2a  o-a  °-3  0-4  o-a  3b,  SO  6-4  °- A -  32-8  0-4  0 - 4  0-4  5\-X  xi-x  i-x  x-o  x-4  uo-a  0-4  bo-o  bq-b  4 U Q  ms-Co  xab-4  - 7 9 -  P.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 13  8  T2-  VO  qo  44-  -74  4o 32.  32.  lo4  l»4 1 5 4  107.  5 5  55 5 4  a  S i  I  5 4  iT-to  a\c  I04  104  •LSfc  3-2.0  *& 1 135  35  142. l8<-\  qa  <\"b  H3  iftfc  Job  ia(.  no 22 24 2c  tfc 1  28  4 * fc  4 1 (a  4 > fc  ifc  50  7.0 0  loo >432  1432  1421  14-37.  "7 1 5  15q  4 1  2  3  10 0  4  6  V  I  8fa3  ft  II<\1  3  3  4  -80CTJBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 13  0-a  1-  i-fc fe,  oe  2 . 4  no  3  -  4  3»S 1  3 &-4-  4  44-o  SO-o  Zl<o  4-a.. o  lT-<o Z Z - O  ^4<o  Vq.fc  l i t  4oft  (.Bo  81.1  zoa  zo-a  as-c  Z8-6  4 M  1&-8  »8-8  t  4.o  H - o  Z4-Q  fc-O  ll-TL  33<*  l O •&  TT.  ZO  4  141 148  i i o  3-i.  4  14-8 1Z-4  12-4  -  n-u  4  2.-4-  3C  Z.-&--& V  88  ZO-4 2Z  2e>  4  4  IX) 4  3oo  3o•o  3o•O  24 2<o  3U-o  28  85-(.  3  3Coo  .  .  Q  8>S-t»  ac  3S.O  zc.-a.-a  So Zfez-B  "i-fczft 158-4- 41 6  4  13-6  484-8 izz-OZ5<3-8  3  C  -  0  3  Zbz- 8.  t-O 318-8 8  U5<o  C  o  -81-  BL-OCl 14  Area 1*85  acres.  North-west a s p e c t . The north-west  Scrub area 0.24  acres.  S o i l - loam t o sandy loam.  h a l f i s covered by a hardwood stand  w i t h a cedar under s t o r y o f t r e e s up t o 3 inches d »b.h.  The  south-east h a l f c o n s i s t s o f cedar-hemlock r e p r o d u c t i o n I n dense salmonberry,  w i t h an o c c a s i o n a l mature t r e e .  W i n d f a l l has been bad at the east corner a l o n g t h e ditch.  Recommendat i o n s . C l e a n up the w i n d f a l l . complete the drainage #  system, c l e a n and p l a n t t o c o n i f e r s .  Estimate of timber. C  H  A  M  Ch  Total  194  16017 3158  P.b.m.  6016  2044  Cu.f t .  1198  353  401  1143  63  Cords  13.3  3.9  4.5  12,7  .7  1264  6499  -82STAND TABLE BLOCK 14  \5(  4 3 X  "il  Ul-I  t-l-l  "!.(.  58-4  B4  O-S  XI- I  3 a  q.T  10  W-3  q-i  OS  sq  3.--2_  Q-5  3-X  II  4  XX  3X  5-4  2 1  e-b  OS  |.|  l- b  3-Q  1-b  0- S  It  4"3  (=•4  u-q  OS  lb  5-q  1-5  8-o  OS  X-X  5-4  2VZ  22  4-"3  X\b 1I  l'b  3o-a  lfe-o  444  U3 6  I 5 - 7  3-X  2o-  13  0--5  I 4 - If  I- lo  XX.  O-S  0-5  1- I  o-s  o-s  I- I  23-&  0  b-S  3  OS  S-4  O  e>-i Q-5  4--b  x4-a 13-0  IX-q  8-1  hi  3- X  l-V  io-q  q-i l o o l-l  O-S  O-S  O-S  OS  OS  o-s  o-s  O-S  O-S  <  ll-X U-3  4-q  OS  OS  24  lb  iqx iaq  0-5  13-0  13-O  lb  I- (o  2- 1  2b 28  0-S  So  I- V  32  O-S  OS  OS  34-  O-S  O-S  o-s  OS  o-s  1-1  I-1  3(o  38  I-1  I-1  V- I  o-s  4b  23-2  I  fax-1 43-X  l-O  23b-lo  2A-1  lOXX  OS  25 4  151-3 3q3-<q  -83F.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 14  22  10  8  15  b-4-  28  4o  45  fc-8  l(o~l  ( . 5  1*34  8b  152  35  XI ft 551  io  1.21  X 4 q  (•8  "i4U  ZOS  IOS  loS  -8c.  84-  210  3,1 S  1-5-2.  157  v xx  1XX  214  ixo  24  IO  I 20  IXO bb6  lib  bb3  qib  ib44  2fe  28  2CO  30 32 54 3b 38  feq3 31*3  2b>o  2bo  bq3  bq3  315  315  4-31  -4-31  4-3-7  ix e»q  I  ixbq  1185  3 X 5 X  I I Q 5  4--iSl  fa83  3513  XbC|  118-5 V18>5  I Q S 4^oi  BbSTo  -84CUEIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 14  OS  2 2.  2 1  IS-2  3o-4  1-5  IS  4-C  25-6  2 1  l\-X  3-Q  21 •  3o  22  4S-C  48-"3  38 4  3^q  41-3  52-S  55-2  11-8  4-8fc>  <oft-4  1 1-4  qs i  12V 0  3-0  4.5  20 -6  25-3  iqi  53-q  I2(  OO  \2o  lo-o  qi-a  54-1  18-1  12-Cj  18-S  3o-3  2(oO  2C-0  3<V(«, V8-0  Sib  83(o  34-S  34.S  73-S  23-S  58 O  31-5  24  1 t(o4--C 1  3o-5  3i-S  3\-<S 12S  164-1.  12-5  142-4  142-4  2144  2C 26  53-S  S3-S  53-5  3o  138C  I3"6C.  138 t»  32  7iS  13-S  13-S  34  84-0  *84,0  84-o  3(. 33  256-7  238-1  4C  238-1 1 ?jCS-0 > D O - O  \60-0  (.41-8 iqo-i  8 3 6 - 5 7»<o-q  loi%.  0  3 3  0  8(.a-1 H 0 1 - 2  -85-  BLOCK 15  Area 2.50 a c r e s j scrub area 0.48 a c r e s j c u l t i v a t e d area ( B o t a n i c a l Garden) 0.41 a c r e s . North-west a s p e c t .  S o l i - loam.  The n o r t h - e a s t s i d e o f the b l o c k I s swampy from the b o t a n i c a l garden t o the t r a i l and o n l y s u i t a b l e f o r c e d a r , hemlock o r l o d g e p o l e p i n e . At present i t i s bare except f o r a few young c e d a r s . The  south-west has a f a i r stand o f cedar-hemlock  on a damp s i t e .  The remainder  o f the b l o c k i s covered  with  a l d e r and an understory o f cedar from 10 f e e t I n h e i g h t t o 4 inches d.b.h. W i n d f a l l i s bad along the d i t c h on the south-west boundary, p r i n c i p a l l y I n spruce and hemlock. Recommendations.  ;  Release t h e cedar from the hardwoods, d r a i n the swampy a r e V and p l a n t t o c o n i f e r s . Estimate o f timber. P  C  H  A  Gh  Total  P.b.m.  172  892  828  2320  216  132  4560  Cu.ft.  82  324  331  1306  102  90  2236  Cords  .9  3,6  3,7  14.5  1.1  1.0  24 .8  M  - 8 6 -  STAND TABLE BLOCK 15  •2-S  o-S  xa-5  10  X-o  4oO  lo  Xl-O  IS  oS  14-0  IS"  7S-S  n-s  - 4 (o-S  x-s  4-_o  vx-o  S4--0  n o  X-S  X-S  XX-o  4-7-5  ins  n s  l-O  1-5  ao-o  3-1-5  ll-O  iq-o  xo-o  3\ - O  n-s  IQ-5  iao  o-s  l-O  ll-S  24--O  I S  A-O  5-S  ix-s  l-O  o-s  14-0  iq-s  3-0  2-5"  55  13-S  l-O  O S  IS-O  70S  1-5  IS  3>-o  I- 0  u- o  14--0  3-5  •x-o  5-5  I S  B-5  14- Q  3-o  l-O  I- o  l x-o  OS  o •s  •4-2--0  n o  CD-O  to  I •s  25-5  O-S  <-?-s  (oS  l-O  o-s  DO  1-0  OS  3o  z-i-o  3-o  O S  54.Q  "l-O  5-5  I-  OS  -\o  o  O S  O-S  O-S  O S  l-O  lo-s  OS  4-Q  5 S  3 o  22.2-S 127-5 13-5  l-O  I-  I- 0  I S  s  o-s  o -s  O-S  147-5  xq-o  4-5  o-S  »8S  IS  n-o  l-O  o-s  4-Q-O  3-S  lo-O  y a-o x-o  1-5  1-s  S-o  XT.O  Uo-3.0 3qS-S  - 8 7 -  P.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 15  41  »Q5  1 0 3  7.08  105  8o  I  as  22-4  IU8  Tq  283  2)52  45  54  (.t,  I tq,  45  V.6 152  «<o  44<b  414  2><o I  Z - 2 . )ft  40\ ( o O q  48  272.  457  32  384  (.12  54  lc>8  153  l«.q  237  IS2  q  <  4  152  C U  f  c  O loa  t  (  o 1  3  .  3  4  -  2  2  S  O  -88CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 15  "3-0  is-o  IO-S  n o  V1Q  q-o  13-5  43-0 u s  7S-0  5-z  4o  5-v.o T».-O  Co  3-o  34-o  iocs'  no  35  loS-o  Iis-Z  4 5  a-j  ill  lt-1  S5.-S  3i.S  1(oO  51-5  mo  4«6-0  24-0  3S-5  S3S  OS  loi-o  Ibl-S  IQ.--S  13,-0  >3-o  7.CO  4S-S  tS-S  3<o-0  3CO  Sl-S  195 15-S  "HS-O  17.0-1  15V-Q  ICS  34-S  33o  |XQ,S  131. 4  294.S 52.2-5 4\-o 3C-0 S«iq.5 3<\4-4  -89-  BLQCK 16  Area 2.50 a c r e s ; scrub (area  iO.-7.5; a c r e s ;  c u l t i v a t e d 0.26 a c r e s . Over most o f the p r o d u c t i v e a r e a , the f o r e s t  cover  c o n s i s t s o f cedar-hemlock r e p r o d u c t i o n 1 f o o t i n h e i g h t t o 6 Inches d.b.h. w i t h some mature c e d a r . Reproduction the n o r t h - e a s t end o f the area I s very good. hemlock are the predominating  towards  Cedar and  species.  Recommendations. The b l o c k should be c l e a n e d and p l a n t e d up to f i r and cedar.  E s t i m a t e s o f timber. ?  C  II  A  M  Total  1895  30  825  135  1033  521  8  466  50  2218  11.5  5.8  5.2  .6  24.6  P.b,m.  593  5582  Cu.ft.  128  Cords  1.4  .1  9060  -90STAND TABLE BLOCK 16  b-O  I4V4  14-8  I-A  5"0-4  18-4  l-C  zq-u  5 -X  T.-X  3V4-  13-2  2-8  324  23-2 0 - 4  13-C»  1*2  OA  l(o4-o  o-6  iCpA-o  (o-A  mi*  IA  3Q.-2  11  2-4  5S-2  Z-O  U - Q  2-4  4o-4  5-2  l  1-2.  O - a l-Z  2-4  Z.-4  •oo-o  x-o  q-2  48-4  o-4  8-a  I l-Z  Ice-4  0-4  0- a  3-b  l  1-  2.  l-(o  b-fc  >2  15-b  4- %  o-4  o-a  1-2  A.Q  5-2  IO-4  5- 2  0-4  0- A-  O-fe 0-4-  o-A  a  -4  2 4  S-b  Z-O  2-4-  0-5  Z . Q 0-4  0-%  °-4  2-O  0-4 OA-  0-4 O-A  Q-4  l b  0-8  O-A  o-4  IQ-O O-A  1-  2.  2  Co  bo  b3-b 4-Q-O  21-fc  Co-O  l(o-4  L I C  n-z q-z  5-2  3-b  Q-4  4-0  3-2  4-o  O-Q  -5-b>  9-8  Z-o  (o-q  3-2.  l-b  l-b  l-b  3-z  O -4  X-O  Z-O  2-4  0-4  2-6  0-4  l-b  Z-A l-Z.  Q-4  0-4  0-8  0-8  0-4  0-4  21  0-4  0-4  0-4  24  0-8  o-8  o-a  2C  OA-  O-A  0-4  28  OA  O-A-  0-4  3o  0-4  O  -A-  0-4  32  0-4  O-A  O-A  38  O- 4  Q-4  0-4  2(.-4 'i'32-O U 4 4 Z-4 14-4  4-Oq-b 5 z o  4-8  l"Vb T.4-4 5l»4-0  -91P.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 1 6  lb  12  3 4  3 2 0  5 4  lU  l»2  I la I  2,a  I  2 2  Q  24  1 1  2fc>  I  2 f t  lo 8  3 o  2 5 2  3 2 ,  3o Q  3%  4-Co2-  2 3 1  1 2 <•  I l  t.1  2 2 3 3  o  i  3 Q Q  3 1 4  O  ^  °  2 1  ( o  I  loi  3oo  4<bl  3  ifeo  2S2  2 5 1  12  128  20 8  7 - O b  1 S 8  iqs  3C.CJ  3U-q  C  5  51  C  fa 8  O  qu  2 2  1  4 4 -  3 3 0  2.»q  3 C  5 1  3 2 .  3 2 .  3 4  q  " 6 3  1 4 - 4 -  1 4 4  15  382  2  4 C o 2  4  Q  i  ' 5 4 i  o  3 6 4 3C.24  -92-  CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 16  3 2  2-4-  43  2-4  •40  17  3-2.  U-O  4--B  3-Co  11-4 XU-4  1 Co -  40-0  V-Co  \-X  V4-3  XI-c.  2-4  24.0  33&  2-2  I (o-4  3-Vfe  S-C,  3q.2  SS-C,  no  2-3-4-  2S-X  2S-X  S O-fe  2.0 •?»  2o-3  n-io  n-Co  3o-4  n-U  q-C  34.0  34-. 0  43- (.  sq-x  ©4-4  lO-4  <H-8  4i-(o  S4-0  144  <o8-4  O  i>2 22  4C-4  VO-4  2S-X  24  4-8  10-4 14.4  47-4  42-4  37-2  37-2.  XSX  7S2  Uo-o  C0O-8  2fe  3UO  iCo-0  3&.-Q  2ft  4-2-8  42-8  4X-B  2>0  5o-4-  SO-4  5Q-4  32  Sft-ft  S8-o  58-8  36  8fa&  8C-o  51-2 413-2 2 B-4 "3-4 0  t*7fc-X  »8fe-4  XO-O  4-6  Xiv-X  887-4  -93-  BLOCK 17  Area 1,13 a c r e s ; scrub area 0,18 a c r e s . North-west a s p e c t . S o i l - sandy loam. The f o r e s t cover Is r e l a t i v e l y sparse w i t h most o f it  c o n c e n t r a t e d i n the southern h a l f o f the b l o c k . The n o r t h -  west h a l f Is s c a n t i l y Covered by hardwoods w i t h an u n d e r s t o r y of young c o n i f e r s and dense salmonberry» The p r i n c i p a l s p e c i e s arecedar and hemlock, a l d e r and maple, w i t h cedar predominating.  C o n s i d e r a b l e mature  cedar and balsam are present on the a r e a .  Recommendations. A l i b e r a t i o n c u t t i n g and c l e a n i n g f o l l o w e d by p l a n t i n g are n e c e s s a r y .  Estimates o f timber. F  C  H  B  A  M  Total  F.b.m.  9917  6480  402  6241  3744  2394  29247  Cu.ft.  1984  1322  164  1273  878  433  6058  Cords  22.0  14.7  1.8  14.1  9,8  4.8  67.3  -94STAND TABLE BLOCK 17  •2T  2.5z.q  ni  ni  s.4-  O.q  4-S  1%  212-1  212-q  23-4  73-4 Co-3  4-.S lo lb  oq  O-q  oq  qq  2-1  S-A-  1 1 -7 t 1  qq  ift.-j  2~J  -*  (o-3  v]  3c  2-1  S-4  3-C.  8-1 •  I » I  3-c.  3-(o  3-b  12  S-4  5-4  oq  lo-3  o-q  1-8  q-s  4-5  S-q.  i-8  4..=-  o-q L _0:3 j  1  t-3  o -q 1  o-q 1  L  8  1  117  13-5  ^ 1- f Wl  lev?. 1 VI (J  0-q  to-3  lo - 3  1-8  3-b  3-(o  2-7  2-7  U-3  1-2  1-2 (o-3  13  X T  3-(„  1-8  o-q  l-ft  i-o  0-q  5-4  13-S t-3  8-1  7-T  4-5  2.-7  -4-S  o-q  1-3  «-  o-q  O-q  24  oq  o-q  l-O  "2b  o.q  0-q  l-O  oq  0-q1  -2-7  0-9  oq  o-q  o.Q  lr\  cq  2-n  o  c  i  1  2-1  <• -3  Lif  »  8-1  g-1  o-q  14.4.  qq  3 Q  oq  2-1  o a  1  7.-7  0-q  o-qi  •4o  o-q  O-q  o-a  so  -Cj  o-q  0-Q  O-q  CvQ  8o  0  O-Q,  5-4  23(0-7. 1,2.. I  qq  3(.3C»  4SO  4.13.  1-3  q i q  45fc-3  -95P.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 17  I04 5"4 lOto  So  IX.  H i  164  8<o  -4-13  4.4-1  7.XO  151  54-1  q i U  --  Xib  life  1-14  2*  3VO  l o o  IOIO  V01O  it*  3 i c  13a  i u 4  390  i  \3q  z-]4  H I  1  3o4  7  i ^  •^ « (  \5l  boft  2  318  151  &(o  4-(ol  44-0  1X2  41  4<«a  e  0  4-c.a  0  °.'"2  IQ14 <3T.b  855  I 4 H  14-13  t.cj3  iaoi  8SS  l"823  30  xi5a»  x i x o  x i x o  3  1160  ixao  ixao  2  40 SO 80  uas  v\88  Zo8B  X.088  7.08«  8X8O  *28o  8Z80  8li<o s i - i S  35(0  SST-3,  203^0 3313 x w q  5 « z  1^141  -96-  CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 17  >o-a \-8  2 4 a  Ifc-X  a-3-4  »44  lOft-0  10-3  3-Co  25-2  4-5  21-0  2-1-Q  31-8  t-3  U-X  II.-2  37-4  43-2 53-5  44.1  4-4- \  32-4  -2.2  29 1  i»q-3  141. "7 122-4  122-4  2Uq- 1  IU3-6  IQ-3&  ic-i-a  3q-(,  2^-1  4  l»4 ft  194-4 3l5-q  4-2-3  ixu-q  214  <-|3t#  12(-S  I2q-W  3<».o  t2- 1  q~8-i  84-<•  4*q  lxi-5  11*2-0  5C-T  5l» 4  5V1 iq8 4  feft-4  I3«s-S  Il64  2(e  8l-o  151.S  233-5  S3-fc  9>-3  (08-0  2o I 13-4  32  22  5- 0  \Cx-o 283-5  24  SO  3-fc  T3-U  332-1  V08-0 2o4''»  433-8  541-2  542-2  24q-3  2443  24q-3  40  221-4  72t--q-  XX' -4  So  3Q -b 1  34o-(o  3q.o-<.  K.SU-0  II.5I.-D  0  nss-q ino-o 1444  UZU-fc  4iqn-u 1U-1 383-4  3-Co  Ufe3-1 5sfc »T4  -97-  BLOCK 18  Area 2,23 a e r e s ; scrub a r e a 0,14 a c r e s . North-west a s p e c t . S o i l - loam t o sandy loam. The north-west  h a l f o f t h i s b l o c k has a f a i r l y  even c o n i f e r o u s cover mixed w i t h hardwoods. Cedar, hemlock and balsam o f a l l ages a r e present,, and s e v e r a l mature f i r s are s c a t t e r e d over the block..  The south-east h a l f I s p r i n -  c i p a l l y hardwoods w i t h some e o n i f e r o u s u n d e r s t o r y . fi'S  Cedar and hemlock,, a l d e r and maple predominate.  Recommendations. The area should regeivw and c l e a n i n g f o l l o w e d by p l a n t i n g . can be developed  a liberation cutting  With t h i s treatment i t  into a fine selection forest.  Estimate o f t i m b e r . F F.b.m. 23832  C  H  B  A  10229  1338  6159  2150  M  Ch  Total  4346  69  48123  Cu.ft.  4478  2136  337  1367  818  642  27  9806  Cords  49.8  23.7  3.7  15.2  9.2  7.1  .3  109.0  -98STAND TABLE BLOCK 18  215 O A S  *4-o 3,-q  fc-3  S 5 0  5-4  3-IS  4-OS  3-C  3- fa  4115  l&  »0-3S  0  XS-US 3c»-o  15 l O  1I.-S5 3U-4-S  0-q  S-«b5  2-~l  2.T.-3-51  xn-oo 3x-"b5  3- IS"  4-OS  U-25  VZ5  5-«V  1-35  '•30  T-1.S  o-q  2-as  0-q  o -45 0-4"?  i-3s  o-qo  25-(,C o-q  O-4-S  0-45  1 Q-4  <\4  OQ  0-4-5  0-4S 0-q  O-q  '45  vS-IS  V3-q  n-T-  12.-C  i4-"os  1-15  qq  U-lo  0-q  0-4"5  3>- (5  4-oS  o-q  2.--I  0  oq  °-4  <.-TS  1-1.  -45 0-4S  )0-35  u-n  its  8-5S  0-4-5  2.-25  0-45  2-1 a  1-35  q-45  O  0-q  t-15  O-q  1-3  O  \-QO  0-45 o q  i%o  •4'5  0-4S  S-4  -45  2, IS  O  q-o  0-45  oq  22  0-45  •  I-80 i-8a  oq  2-no  0-4S  0-4S  3- 1 s  0-4S  O-4-S  2-"\0  24-  04  135  2-25  2<o  0 45  OA'S  0>q  2e>  oq  0-4S  1-3-5  3o  o-q  34  l-"SB  3<b  0-4S  0-45  4<o  O-4-S  0-45  0-4-5  0-45  G-4S  0-4S  feo 0 - 4 5  Q-4S  O-AS  0-4S  Q-4S  0-4.5-  Q-4S  0-45  0-4S  SO  (o(o  W-3  S  1%  -A.*;  0-4S 0-4S  42-2  i o--vs  X-2S  o-s  "I4-US  14-(.S  O-q O 4"5  O-4-S  O-q o- 4-s:  0-4S  VS-3Q  o-q  1-8  185-3  O-4-S  S\3  0-45  o-q  \S2-o? 34-2-35  -99F.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 18  l«>  i&  il  25 »2l 32-B  13q  iqs  nq  22  (.1 i8q  V88.  \ 8 3  51  3o2  \4  4 3 O  58  *vq 1U>  4 4 1  2>C»2.  2.5 o  2B l  15  3 3 \  31fc 5 4 ^  4 q  232.  iCo  5 1 3 4 t 1 W3U  t-3C  4-11 3(ot>  vaa  3oq  x o i  201  l I I lo  214  214  14«4 S5C  S5to 41-1  30  lb  4 b i  « 7  2<o  4 5  3<b i8q  UQ  31  \3  4-J-l  300  3oo  3 o o  30Q  3 o o 84  1162  ^  4 5 S  «v<.  8 4 3  ii  \ 3 4 3  u al-  82 8 4 2  4 5 S  8>42.  lien 8 4 3  8 4 3  50  VUXQ  1 fe.7.0  I t x o  to  240 5  Z4oS  2405 2^2.0  fc>b T.q-2.0 Co8  IOC87 4 5 8 1  31QQ  31  3lOQ  too  -J-T-T.  q«-4  IR4°,  I1S8O  -100CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 18  21  i-1  3o-b  q-o  21  11  iu-2  11  3-U  4o4  181  4-5  48<«  13-q  42-8  4-5-q  ix-q  2S<o  b4-ft  b8-4  8i  Sb-1  b 1-2  IO4-0  44  lOt>-9  1 22-3  lft-0  U4-1  IS-3,  lb-Co  4Q-0  11-1  4«. %  US-2  3-b 4? b-i  5-8  3a.-4 4C-6  21-u  SQ.-4  3b o  3n-t>  22-Q  22  OVI  I13-4  lb-2  3-2  S-O  1 3.0-0 1 4 8 0 U-1  bO--J  lb-2.  \3>-4  >444  144-4  loS-S  2*81  ^3-1 40 0  33-1  252-4  4o • o L 0 4 - I  24  bft4  «<»«-1  2C.4-I  2b  40-S  1V8  l\q-3>  28  qb-2  12-2  I 8V 4  30  (•0-0  12-0  1320  132-0  34  22fct>  22b-8  22b-3  3(b  bb-s  8fe-S  4(o  ISS-fe  ISS-b  IS-i-b  So 2<\S-«S  2qs-S  xqss  (.0 4So-o  4So-o  4 5 0-O  SS4-0  SS4. 0  sqoc>  Sqo-O  bb  bo  sqoo  10Qo-3> qSft.o  l-SV-2  bl3-2  Vjlo-l  i iq-i 54-0  8S-o  3«.(--1 2 8 1 - 8  54. o 242-4  8S-o 11 l-S  12-2 bfcfc-1  43qi-4  -101-  BLOCK 19  Area 2.50  acres.  P l a t aspect.  Scrub a r e a 0,15  Soil -  acres.  loam w i t h c o n s i d e r a b l e humus.  The b l o c k i s covered by an a l l - a g e d stand o f mixed s p e c i e s . I t Is f a i r l y w e l l stocked except  towards the  south-  east edge which i s s c a n t i l y stocked w i t h hardwoods and young conifers.  Cedar and hemlock predominate over the b l o c k .  Recommendations. The area should r e c e i v e a c l e a n i n g and p l a n t i n g , and Estimate of F  should be managed on a s e l e c t i o n b a s i s .  timber. C  H  S  B  A  1338  17  4897  . M  Total  108  17867  F.b.m.  797  6873  3837  Cu.ft.  158  1495  1085  363  5  1540  66  4758  Cords  1.8  16 .5  12.1  4.1  .1  17.1  .7  52.9  -102STAND TABLE BLOCK 19  Q-4  O  iq-2  25-2  lq-2.  2-a  1-2  (o-O  2- Q  o-a  a a  I V • 2  3.Co  0-4  15-2  0<4  1-2-  1 2 %  a-o  2 o  23-2  2- 4 -  15-Co  io-a  o-a  21-2.  fa-4  o-a  TX. 5 -Co  1-2  2-0  4-4  1 -2  l-Co  4-6  l b  o-a  2-a  •4  2 3  b  23-Co  a-o  o-a  13-2  2a-4  i-b  o-a  q-b  Vfe-4  i q - b  3-Co  3-2  o-a  T2  >4-o  4-1-2  2-a  ia-4  12.  i-fc  3-2  1 3 - Co  32-o  o-a  » b &  4-a  0-4  o-a  b-4  23-2  0.-4-  0-4  140  »o-a  O-b  \2- o  2b-O  o - 4  2 •(.  i t ,  1-2  1 0-4  1 o-O  o-a  B-4  a-a  0-4  0-4  4-0  b-4  o-a  (o-4  8-4  1-2.  2-4  o-a  3-Co  5-2  0-4  1 -to  1-2  o-a  3-<b  3-2.  3-2.  0-4  l b  o-a  7-a  2-0  2- Q  o-a  0-4  I-fc  i-b  yu  l-b  i. o-a  2- 4 0-4  Q-4 0 - 4  o  i o-o  0  o a  1(3-2  113-2  0-4  o- 4  Q- 4  o-a  oa  4 2  11 -fa  b-4  lo-4 Ib-O  q-b  4 2  u-a 4-a  22  o-a  o-a  0-4  0-4  1-2  24  o-a  a -a  O  O-  1-2  2<b  O-4  Q-4  o  23  o-a  o -a  o-a  3Q  0-4  o-4  0-4  S2.  O-4  0-4  0-4  lib.  I 3 l b  14-0  1-2  3D3-b  -4  11-2  8-4  3l-b  4  122-b  -4  42b-2  l - Co  -103F.B.M . STOCK TABLE BLOCK 19  5z  .52.  12  I 26  31  8q  27  1  A-o  44 C,  7 4 Q  232  itq  b.3  2-2 4  333  333  bo7  o  4 ' t>  34-q  344  qfeq  33«a  33  36  3o7  S3q  144  ib4  11  54-  33C  -b8  558  244  >2.2  5 I 2.  5 12.  5b5  5b 5  I4b>  70  322  22  Iq i  iqz.  24  27 b  21.  2b  I <e>2  Vb7  41 b  41  3Q  252  -J-52  52  l<037.  274q  2 4 4  6  37 6  244  52Q Ib7 -4- v Co 252  103-2.  1 0 3 2  IS3S  535  4  5i45  8qb  i e>b  b  28  3iq  24-5  7-51  iqsq  43,  2ooz  "1147  -104CITBIC STOCK T A B L E BLOCK 19  3-2  5(o  14.4 Q-6  24-o  44.t>  4-0  13.1.  3-l»  2o-8  So-4  2-2  43 b  •»••»  2-5  3xo  s i b  (a-4  -db  3-2-  T5-2 (o4-8  2-8  *85  bl-2  t  m-o  4-.b  23-fc  3-4  2ll»  4l.b  \o-4  T3(<,  qi-4  t-4  *5-|-(,  iq-2  83-2  8 8 4  38-4  44.4  2q-C»  112-4  4l-(p  132-2  s-i-2 2>(.  loq-2  VQQ..-2.  128-4  »2«6-4  lX-4 2C-4 2>3C» "  2-2  3-2  i Q 4 144 SO-4  24>  13-2 5-o  83-2  s-i-<<-  b q c  lO""»l»  inqx  ^3-4  nio-l.  8 3 - 2 vq,S-<<l i o  zoq-2  So-4  3oo  3o-o  8o-4  l»o-8  =>5-lo  *5»S-to  qt»-4  3b o  3b-o  3C.-Q  18  0  5-fa  85-fc,  bS-U  3o  S*o-4  So-4  SO-4  52  iq.4.8  (.3-2  5<iV0 434-2 1 4 S - Q  194-8  22  124T--U  1^4-8  t\(,-0  2b-4  lft-2  loleO-U lO,0'i'2  -105-  BLOCK 20  A r e a 2.50 a c r e s ; scrub area 0.06 a c r e s . P l a t asnect.  3 o i l - loam with c o n s i d e r a b l e humus.  The b l o c k I s covered by a f a i r l y even stand o f a l l - a g e d mixed s p e c i e s .  C o n s i d e r a b l e mature f i r and cedar  Is mixed i n w i t h the younger age c l a s s e s . Towards the s o u t h east s i d e hardwoods become predominant. and a l d e r a r e the predominating  Cedar and hemlock,  s p e c i e s over the b l o c k .  The ground cover c o n s i s t s o f swordfern and some  salmonberry.  •  Recommendations. The young c o n i f e r s should be l i b e r a t e d  from  the hardwoods towards the south-east o f the b l o c k , and the whole b l o c k should be cleaned and p l a n t e d .  I t should be man-  aged as a s e l e c t i o n f o r e s t .  Estimate o f timber. '  P  C  H  8  A  1  Ch  Total  F.b.m. 17610  6952  3355  2395  9550  1580  255  41702  Cu.ft.  3385  1509  864  567  2367  303  70  9065  Corda  37.6  16.8  9.6  6.3  26.3  3.4  .8  100.7  -106STAND TABLE BLOCK 20  Q-4  14-4  l 4-4  O.ft  7-4-  47-T.  47-X  «T-X  0-4  S- C  8-4  X-8  <x-4  3o-4  4--o  S- X  (o-O  7-4  X - O  XT.-U  5-X  S-b  8-8  l-i-4  O -4  0-4  •!_-»-• 4  n-x  A  a a  T<°  o-a  o-t,  i a o  "O-Q  q-c  IX-O  5  3-2  S-7  Q-4  a a  (o-a  S-b  2-4  l S - X  X4 0  G  3-C  4-o  l-lo  i o-a  -2.-a  o-a  14-4  XX- Q  T  1-7.  a-4  4.4  x a  l- b  •  4-4  a-b  l-b  O-D  •J--4  q-b  l-X  0-8  l-X  3>-X  0-4  I  \3-Co  5  41.-4  \- fc.  lO  2 o 8  l"  14-8  Z 5  S  0-4  D-4  <=>-4-  -  o-a  ax- o  -5.1.-0  VO  o-a  l-x  0-4  X-4  b-a  1-2.  It.  Id  0-4  "3- C.  t-4  •aa  a a  i a a  4q-x  lb-4  4^0- O  o •4  1.T--4  4 4 -a  o • a  zq-u  4 7 • Co  13.-X  to-a O -4  0-4 O • 4  4 o t-a  q-X  (o b  (0-4  a-o  IX-O  5X  a-o  14  o-&  O-Q  l-X  l - X  4-0  q.c  16  O -4  0-8  l-x  Cs-4  X-8  4-8  \o  1-1  o-b  0-4  O  -4  x-a  l-b  l-b  4-4  6-4  l-b  it,  x-o  1-4  0-4  ZO 22  0-4 Q-4  o-a  0-8  0-4  o-a  14  O -4  a  -3-X  O- 4  l-X  o  Q-4  Q-4  l-X  Zfc  0-8  23  I X  V- X  2.-2.  0-4  0-4  0-4  4-7-  Q-4  0-4  Q-4  0-4  o •4  l - X  Q-4  0-4  I- Co  3o  CoO  0-4-  0-4  0-4  7fc  0-4  0-4  0-4  4 - 4  141-2  (ol-fe  17-4  Ife-O  2-Svb  88-0  ^84  34-2  Ibl-b  40-i-X  l b  -107F.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 20  12  37.  •4-5  24  A-b 12b  qo  I 0(o 43-3  2"30  I  lb  88  1»8  32  243  82  22  -2fo  4IO  44  212  "3ov  xva  3oC  43(i  C84  ai4  142.4  72  1 (.4  lb4  5SC>  ioq  752  84  S5I  an  124  I 22  I 22  •Bot,  3^2  3R.2  itqb  1b I  549  54-q  110  3"\7  |43Q  144  S2o  lb 22  aq  iqx.  1  4V24  212.  22  2b  334  28  (.14  I 8b  b  244  21  U  24  I053  3 2b  l43o  18b  UWX.  lo(o2 3BO  < o 2 4  10O 4  5o  32.  3oo  3cse>  "2>o 0  •4-Z  U 4  fc>o4  to 4  b8  27 c o  27 t o  27 b 0  7b  334b  3343  334 a  7044  2-7at  1342  qsij.  17V25  3022  <»32.  l o Z . 4S"Sb. Ibbbl  -108CTJBIC STOCK T A B L E BLOCK 20  3-ln  a-o  l\-b  43X  U-2  vx- o  1(.-%  4b  4.4  14-4  b7-2  a-4  ba  <,-&  x& 6 74-«>  1-4 3-C»  b-4  1-X  IS-U  S-X  lU-o  2S-U  3a-4  q-b  73- <a 10-6 6  44-4  44-4  isq.-i  14,7-U m-s  3t-X  71  •2.-4  3-2  Sn-w  bq-2 3-5-4  3-U  7S-c  qo-o  3bo  42-8  7 4 - 8 102-3 i«-a I04  U&-U  1642  Xojyo  347-x  iqx  2"4-o  (.2-4  7o-%  V17-X  nq-x  57-  X7-b  7T-C.  lbU-4  1-5-7  7 S-X  "2-4 l-b  37-2  qb-o  qi»-0  133-X  13l-b  3o-o  bo-o  xqi-u  bo-b  3S-U  3S-b  qt>-4  4o-°j  O  So-4  14  bo-ft  7Co  7xo  2%  1284  q3-u  4U<o  70-0  144  "iO-O  I87-X 3 1 4 - 4  I420  141-0 4«6-o  ixa-4  17U-4  30 S8-8  3x I vx-o  I lx-o  Sl4o  S74-0  SX4.0  bSb-0  bSb- 0  bSU-O  1334-0 U03-b 345-b X1U-3  253O-0  v ix-o  4X b  Q  lb  q4b-o IXl-X  28-0  VOqU-o 3G»2l»0  -109-  BLOCK 21  Area 1.97 a c r e s , a l l p r o d u c t i v e . North a s p e c t . The  S o i l - loam.  f o r e s t cover c o n s i s t s o f a very good stand  of mixed s p e c i e s w i t h a l l ages q u i t e evenly mixed. Cedar and balsam predominate i n a l l ages, and c o n s i d e r a b l e mature cedar, balsam and f i r Is p r e s e n t . Ground cover i s swcrdfern and  salmonberry.  Recommendations. The block should be cleaned and planted to t o l e r a n t  openings  conifers.  Estimate of timber.  a  A  M  Total  P  C  E.b .m.  17308  20315  1822  17438  3513  2630  63026  Cu.ft.  3379  , 4018  486  3617  962  464  12929  Cords  37.5  44.7  5.4  40.2  10.7  5.2  143.7  B  PLATE X. Mature c e d a r . Block 21.  PLATE I I .  B l o c k 2.1. M a t u r e c e d a r , h e m l o c k Logging road i n foreground.  and b a l s a m .  -IllSTAND TABLE BLOCK 21  OS  o-S  xo-3  3o  23-3  23-o 125 b  <q-J--4  5-Q  3o-4  V23-b  14- -a.  3 - t o  3-x-S  5"o-3  7-fc,  137.  43-\  b44  7<o  q-1  -23-q  4o-b  •a-1  b-b  Vq."3  2-o  4-1  OS  b-b  l- o  3-Q  0-5  4-  os  U  v-o  4-5  SO-O  \ q - b  b4-2  142  o-S  \7-2  53-3  -20  ia-3  l-O  22-3  4 I -l o  7-b  1-v  14 4  2\-3  V2-2  5-\  \7-3>  2.1 b  2-b  q - l o  0-5  5-1  81  2- O  o- I  io-i  5b  7•I  20  5-1  20  l«5  3o  4-io  2.- O  b-l  o-S  O-S  0-5T  O-S  V-5  s-b  V•Q  o-S  OS  2-Q  3-cj  O -5  35  5-5  l - O  2.0  O "5  2-S  •4-S  O-S  IS  O  ^  1-5  OS  2-5  2-5  o-S  3- O  5-5  I- o  V-O  V- o  3-o  3- O  O-S  3-5  to-5  V- O  O-S  \S  3-S  I - O VS  2-5  b-O  2-0  O-S  IS  4-Q  1- O  V-O  S-o  O-S  3-o  22  v-o  v-s  2.S  24  o-s  o-s  V- O  20,  V- O  IS  2-S  IS  lb-7  2- O I - 5 o-5  o-S  V-5  OS  o-S  O-S  l-o V-O  I- O  3-S  O-S  O-S  2-S  2- 5  30  V-O  V-5  32  O-S  I-  34  l-O  o-S  V-5  IS  OS  2-5  2-S  O-S  O-S  42  v-s o-s \- o  \- 0  l-O  44  O - S  o  I  I- 5  -S  3C 3.J3 O S 40  54 84  v•0  V• 0  \•O  4"3  O-S  O-S  o-s.  o-s  o-S  OS  O -5  O•£  4-o  ita-2  54-1  I 5 3 - 0  37 q  - 57-2 3  704  a-O  V3<o-2 5«S-5  -112P.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 21 BN-'SM*  1 87-  4 i  11  \Q  tq  l o  X.O  2.0  l o  16  ivg  4 5  2o5  l 3 to  1VO  155 I S O  2oi  <oB  2 4  <\<*  lb  1 1-2.  l  32  I(o0  -30 7  3(6  113  54  3-J-7  (=45  5q I  11 4 5  3 Co 1  1 3 14  3 4 3  i 4 q i  7.33  I  SSb  soi  84  451  <\41  245  1 12.  fao3  343  1 4 Q  nqs  1(335  24  111  3 3 4  SOlo  2C  4(6  V2.30  fe3o  nq4  32.  3"i 5  142.1.  34  •an 5  8 2 0  2 3 3  l-b 0 5ob  no  U.48 5 0  SO  8 2  126  2lO  5-0 1  134  141  22  2ft  215  n o  24 1 8  5"o 1  1  2 4 1 4  2414  n q i  * l 7 l  l(oq5  l(oS5  3  3 8  3(o 36  loaq  n a i  D  n  n  b>b 0  4-o  (aU 0  ' U o  42.  I S VO  V 5 (0  I S I 0  44  •625  82<5  87.5  lo<\o  2oq,o  4b 4ft 54  2I3|  1131  7.1 3 1  84  4415  4qis  4  "olftta  10312.  1 1 5  8852.  20-015  11*3  1335  3 d o  n  i 5  3 1 <*<\3  -113CTJBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 2 1  4. 3o  33- o  70 4  8-o  2-0 3 0 - 4  34-4  27-lo  3-0  3o-b  4-0- \  84  42-7  14-0  «5bl  b5-4  So-4  b7-o  4-0  0  -lo  4 5  fc-0  7-1  3-o  4-3  4-5  ll-W  So 4  So  bS  b-5  27-O  33- D  55  3 6-S  b O-S  44-0  34 o  8-5  -42-5  8b-5  o-o  3b-0  120  SS-S  18-S  8b-o  lo So  130  180  lb40  3 \ 0  52-o  32-O  13S-D  lOVO  18-0  Illo'O  2b\-0  4o-0  345  103-S  T-V \ - O  47-0  24-o  7 i-o  167-0  4<o-S  130,-S  2.38-0  bo-0  bOO  348-0  37-S  27b-0  l^%-5  22  t>3-0  24  3fto  H-5  llQ-S  2b  qoo  2U7-5  352-5  18 - 8 6 0  37-5  I lO-S IQ4-0 4-5 >o-5  \04-0  8%-o  86-0  3o  l2b-o  3bl-S  487-"5  481-5  32  13-S  in-o  350-5  35Q-3  34  lb8-o  ISft-O  31-.-0  32lo-0  2o5-0  loqo  loq-o  3b 3o  i73-s 3 1  4-Q  I130  li3-o  123-0  42  28oo  7.8o-o  2800  44  ISl-ff  157-5  I 52-T  48  381-0  381-o  387,-0  3q7-5  3q x.-S  1020-0  IO7.0 • 0  5 4 3q2-5  nvs-o 10 T><\< 24W-«  l8ib-3  S3VV3 4381  -  2-0  72S-b bsbl-q  -114-  BLOCK 22  Area 1,84 a c r e s ; scrub area 0,33 a c r e s . Worth a s p e c t .  S o i l - sandy loam.  The n o r t h - e a s t o f the b l o c k i s mainly open s c r u b ; the remainder o f the cover c o n s i s t s o f mixed mature s p e c i e s w i t h some younger age c l a s s e s .  Cedar and maple predominate  over the b l o c k .  Recommendations, The b l o c k should be cleaned and the young c o n i f e r s l i b e r a t e d from the hardwoods. A l l openings s h o u l d then be p l a n t e d .  Estimate o f timber. P  C  H  F.b-.m-. 7612  15141  305  C u . f t . 1925  3166  Cords  35.2  21.4  B  A  M  Ch  Total  3227  366  3487  11  30150  7fl  803  167  722  10  6868  .8  8.9 :  1.9  8.0  .1  76.3  -115STAND TABLE BLOCK 22  -2-1-X.  I-to  33-X  0-5  3-S  O S  22-&  22-8  \-(.  l-  X-1  2- \  10-2  a-i  lb-8  84  U-5  I-  3-a  X X  14-1  84  n-b  12-4  3yS  3-a.  3-a  V- c  q.2  <V8  x-1  13-S  2X1  1 -l  x x  \• I  4 4  1.4  U-5  i o-q  o.5  IT  10--3  lo-8  fe-4  U-4  3-X  3-1  i-o  e>-o  4-4  4 4  2-1  3-X  \- 1  1-b  OS  -S  O S  1  \- O  X-1  3-a  O-S  X X  X X  O-S"  lb  o - s  l(o  1- 1  o-s  Q-S  OS  » b>  1-  o-s O-S  o  -S  I-  14 2G>  l b O-  "Jo  I-  1  o-s  I-1  l< I  2-1  b  lb  3-1  I• I  2-2  x-x  33  o-s  o-s  O-S  o-5  l-O  O-S  l-O  O-S  o-S  i-S  O-S  2- \  x-  I- lo  l-c.  2-2  x-x  \• I  S  l b  l-O  V  o-s  O S  1  O S  0-5  21  4-3,  1- b  O-S  1-1  b  S-4  O-S  o-s  o-s  3b-T  X X  4 4  o  0-5  o  X-X.  I • V  32.  l  l-b  34  O S  o-S  O S  3>b  o  o-s-  o-S  O S  o-s  O-S  54  O-S  o-S  O-S  SCo  I-1  4 4  SO  -5  o-s  3-b  H  I• I  O S  o-S  «1-2  Ifc-J  O S  IS-to  U3-S  IS- I Sb-3  (2- 4  ©4-  o  xvx-s  -116P.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 22  lo  3q  W4  \s 4 o  =12  St  •=5.3  Io \  no  112  o4  84  t bR.  41V  3q2  ^Cj2  b 0 3  10.2  1S5  n S S  °,42 4 q i  102.  l O  lOS  1&2  152  n iq-2.  22  223 16  so  i 2 q \  32  2C.S  232.  232  "334  lo33  3o5  3os  4- I O  to 3 3  3 j o  1  3 0  3Co  5o3  44  OT.5  54  boo  Sfc  3432.  bCoO  llo2t  l<o7-l \2QO  3oo 5"03  503  b2S  b25 boo  3432.  3432.  -a/soo  2.3 OO  23,oo  4i"i-\  bbo  3oo  O  B22q  q,bb U33  \ 2 0 0  2 0 0  34  bO  2C5  to O O  2CoO  2-v5  bib  tS  fe2  18  V < o b  U 5 4  l4X«fo  tqq  >»«\S  (o  2 l O O  iw»  f c  -117-  CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 22  2- o  b-4 l-S 4 - S  3 3 - 0  (••;  4b  4 b  XO  b-5  (64  Xb-b  4S  81  148  n-b  Vl-lo  lib  XO-O  2S- < o 2 5 - b (q-2  3-• 5  T.O-1  440  55  148  3q-u  43-3  (X-1  2q-1  4 1 - 3  181  3  5  Ixo  VX-O  2b-0  ltp-o  (6-0  (ft-o  4 4 0  87s  is-x  l-s-x  (b2-1  H8«  \32-0  V32-Q  3 4 . ^  fax- o S l o . l  0-1  2*3- O - V  22  5 6 - 5  565  3 1 - S  37 5  Sb-O  24  I V S  12-5  4 4 - 5  4 4 - S  U7,-o  31-5  m s  V l l -s  2Ce  qo-o  1?)  555  23-3-5  733-5  Soo  3(b-b  3(b-b  3 2  235 X  235 X  135-X  34  84.0  84-o  84-o  3<b  <*b-o  4bo  Sb-Xl  44  I5VO  \53-o  »S3-o  54  VSOO  \5o-o  \5o-0  Slo  bu8'8  t&8-3  bb8-8  ixoo  IXO-0  3 0  22b b>  *50 n x o o  \04(.-(  iixon  40 2  43b-5  3243-S q(-o  3q2-3  5 •5  4 t > q o 3732-"a  -118-  BLOCK 25  Area 2,50  a c r e s j s c r u b area 0.38  Berth aspect,  acres.  S o l i - loam t o sandy loam.  Over most o f the block t h e r e i s c o n s i d e r a b l e l a r g e a l d e r w i t h a scanty u n d e r s t o r y o f c o n i f e r o u s r e p r o d u c t i o n . Towards the south-east end and a l s o near the n o r t h - e a s t edge, however, t h e r e Is v e r y good mixed c o n i f e r o u s r e p r o d u c t i o n coming i n .  Cedar Is the predominating  q u i t e numerous.  s p e c i e s w i t h hemlock  A s m a l l amount of mature cedar Is p r e s e n t .  Recommendations. C o n i f e r o u s r e p r o d u c t i o n should be r e l e a s e d from over shading hardwoods,, and the b l o c k s h o u l d r e c e i v e a c l e a n i n g f o l l o w e d by planting,.  I t should be l e f t as a  mixed hardwood-coniferous stand v/ith the hardwoods i n s m a l l groups.  Estimate o f  timber. C  P.b.m. 1470  6300  H  S  B  1000  887  305  A  M  Ch  Total  3090  2697  65  15755  Cu.ft.  263  1330  323  203  69  1073  565  35  3861  Cords  2.9  14.8  3.6  2.3  .8  11.9  6.3  .4  42.9  -119STAND TABLE BLOCK 23  2-4  0-8  q,3b  43-b  3-2  83-to  3-<o  o-a  TVX  1-2  Q-4  4-4  OjO-O  l4o  3-2.  0-4  3-b  -2.1-X  xv-x  8-8  x-a  1-2.-Q  3X-4  o-a  S b  i-b  8-4  3a-4  xi-x  -2_-  b-a  3-2.  I1.-4  •sq • b  13-2  X-4  5-x  X-4  I  O - Q  X 3 X  4.4  3-fa  3-b  42.  II  o-a  5-fa  Co- O  X-8  G-4  2-  5 b  o-8  2 0  \-x  4-o  84  2-o  o-4  0-4  o-a  b-4  o-a  o-a  i-b.  b-a  0-4  2-4  4-. a  l-b.  2-8  l- Co  l-X  2-3  U-2.  4.0  0-8  3 . fa  2o-4  0 4  10-4  11 - l o  l-X  b-4  3 0 - 0  0-4-  nc,  14. a  o-a  3-fa  S-b  4-a  i-b  1-2  3.2  l-X  3-b  lb Q-4  G-4  C3-4  Io-4  to  Ho-o  1-2.  2-0 1-2.  0-<8  0-4  2-4  O  O  V-2. 0-4  loo  ' Co  vs-b  b-a  a-8  lO-4  14-4  fc-4 4-2 n-x  8-8  b-8  q-X  l-X.  X-8  5-b  0-4  0-8  l-x  x-4  0-4  1-2  l-b  4-4  0-4  0-4  0-4  Q-4  22 24  0-4  o-8  o-a  0-4  2 b  28  0-4-  o-4  0-4  o-a  l-X  1 X  32  0.4  0-4  0-4-  38  0  a  o-a  o-a  •So  0-4  Co  XXO-O b 4 - 3  q-2  25-Co  0-0  32.b-4  44-b  4\X  I2.0 104-0 43Q-4  -120F.B.M, STOCK T A B L E . BLOCK 23  12  -3  1  lOCo  4(o  32  -3*0  235  24  2Sq  3S-|  32-  32  b4  in  13  230  2q4  435  <o(S  2 2  »5-6  • 44  »b4  1  I  OQ  2l  322  122  S*  4q4  2Co  \3(  3o5  (a \3  fe8  (35  203  4(3  %  2R4  3 q 2  Bob  124  ioq  OX  131  132  ("2.2  22  24  1313  ibq  4o5"  4o5  2Co  28  30  3«Q  3oo  -3©0  5o4  qi4  0,14  32  3oo  3oo  l o  36  3.23  4TO  O  <=\23  -121CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 23  i-/x 3-t»  iq-2  lc  7-2  l-C  IO-0  2 4 -o  W-2  4.«  4-o o  5o-o  4-8  1-7.  Co  3v<.  4-6  2-4  4o-%  4lo-6  U-O  U-C  7-7.-6  56-3  l4o  72-3  qs-v,  3-4  3-4  ca  57-C  57-C  &44  10-4  1 0-4  2o-a  14-8  4 4  741-  loo-0  c-4  48-o  5 4 4  81- C  27-2  33-4  44.0  67-6  4i-<o  3l-2  72-8  44-o  14-4  18-8  4^-2  113-U  16-8  5C-4  T5-2  24-6  qc-o  2"lC  C-6  74-0  VI 5 - C  87-7  24-0  2.2 24  3o-4  86-4  5&o  2C 28 30  48-0  4t>0 87-4  too-%  183-2  183-2  32  ^6-a  58 8  56-8  3a  »73- lo  173-C  V73-b  VOS-2  532-0  l2q-2  61-2  27-1.  875-1  4xq-2  22C.Q  l 4 o  bl.q.2.  1544-4  -122-  BLOCK 24  Area 2,86 a c r e s ; s c r u b a r e a 0.38 a c r e s . Plat aspect.  S o i l - sandy loam.  The f o r e s t cover c o n s i s t s o f mixed cedar-hemlockbalsam r e p r o d u c t i o n , maple and s c a t t e r e d mature f i r , c e d a r and balsam. gardens.  The stand i s q u i t e dense near the h o r t i c u l t u r a l  Groundcover i s salmoriberry, swordfern  and H o l o d i s c u s  sp.  Recommendations. The dense r e p r o d u c t i o n near the n o r t h - e a s t boundary should be t h i n n e d * The remainder should r e c e i v e a l i b e r a t i o n c u t t i n g and c l e a n i n g f o l l o w e d by p l a n t i n g .  Estimate o f timber.. F  C  H  8  A  19365  4247  80  3804  1158  Cu.ft.  3635  992  59  730  Cords  40.4  11.0  .6  8.1  F*b,m»  Ch  Total  8949  11  37614  466  1605  13  7501  5,2  17.8  .1  83,3  M  -123STAND TABLE BLOCK 24  2o-1  40-2.  M S l1-- oo bl-S 32-2  2-ft  233  \7.-fa  0-35 21-3  35  12-q  44  44  5-2.  x-a  4q  o - i s S-fc S-t O •IS  o-i  Q•3S  0-3S <<8»o-3S o »5 s 3ft- 5  0-3S  51-35  S-T-  \fc-4  o-I  S<Vb  C-3  8-4  O-I  3^15  13-25  3-\5  40-15 2-1  4<o-4-  103-T5  2.2.-O  3-)5  3q- \  q&4o  Cel.  20-1  T.-80  3^-1  <oT-45  <o-3  i \-q  2-a  27-OS  3S-3o  0-3S  ql  S-2  a>-i  O1  4-8S  4-5  a o  0-33  3-15  2- a  3-V5  I OS  3-4-5  4-2.  3-VS  1-05  I OS  1-4  0-2  0-35  o n  0-35  • 2-45  2-45  2.-4-  0-3S  o-  35  O-I  0-35  l-OS  l-OS"  0-35  '«-'* 8 8 11- 5- 05 0 b--2,  0-35  3\S  •  44-05  44-0?  \0S  i--r  O-IS  o-l  \-05  l-os  l-OS  1-4  1-15  o-i  O  '•is  Q-3S  0-35  2  22 24  0-35  0-35  26,  2a  o - i  O-I  3o  4- to  23-TO  \-a--5  H -35  Q-3S  t-3  q-45  0-35  T-I  ll-IS  I  V  3- IS  \15  4-35  5-25  •2- V.O  3-as  4-55  1-4  1-13  7.-00  O-I  o-io  115  l-OS  I-  3-15  "2.-  4  O -35  o- 3 5  lo5  Q-3.S  0-35  0-35  \05  I  1-40  O-I  0-1  Q'l  0-35  0-3S  1-4  -o5  1-lS  0-3S  0-3S  32 34  C3-3S  0-3S  e>  o-3S  0-3.S  3<  0-35  0-35 0--\ 0-3S  42 54  Q-3S Q-3S  0-3S  0-3S  <=2 O 3S  o-3S  Q-35  43  0-3S  °-^5  Q-3S  21^4  lol-SS  l--\S 51-35  1-45  351-t,  4T-T5  IX7-4S  l<4 2 o q . q  SCl. 5  32- a  -124F.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 24  18  2,3  lo  IS  123  23  18  52  I 34  2.X&  33  q.o  sc  \4<»  nq.  47  1 12. 1 3 . 4  S4  74  q.4  14"^  143  212  343  1 32  l'T.2  38  81  122  \ 22  20,  28  3S2  lOl  3o  1054  2.-2.3  223  34  3>oq  5oq  3fc  I SO  1 SO  2^8  l 18  28 5 2t I  25 7  3 4 4  4,87  1-2.1  I -2 I  -2.4  I fe4  I t>4  144  44 o  fe4o  242  5*34  53q  53^  332.  832.  1 3 8 4,  I S3 1  22  24  2.4C  »o  22  3  3,  32  42  quo  5C3  543  S7 2-  S 4 o  quo  54  1432  14^2  14^2  42  20 12.  20 1 2  lO  48  24*4  24 \ 4  2<4\4  4 7 7 1 1485  2D  I2>30  St  \4  40 5  3ia.q  3 S 3 8 >  12  1 3 V S 2  -125CTJBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 24  1-1  44 4 3  1- 4  S-O  Ift-O  v• o  q-o  Ifc.ft  2- I  l»-o  2 )  3 1 - f t 4-1.-3  -i.^  s"-&-q Us-v, l .q  3o-%  »<*,-2.  S~o-o  14.0  74.1  3S--J  ts-4  14-4  2S-2  2-5.2  ^-2  3C-4  45*.  lo-ft  32- C  32-U  25-2  25-2  Slo-o  143  3S1  35-1  12-te  V!  q>  o-4  2(.-ft  It. ft  2(0 2 f t . IXVI 3o  56-o  U-3  U-3  22 24  14.-4 22-o  t»-3  5U  23-3  11-1  SO-Q  32-0  T2-4 44.5  llo-lo  Q  43-3  25-2 S\\  5 1 - b i4^-2  2lO  2.IO  Slo-I  2b-'S  2(0-5-  XCo-S  q-vs  ^3-5"  V.20-3  22-1>  12-ft  "12-6  42- o  42-0  231-to 44  44-5  S  32. 3 4  501-3  Sq-3  3C  4o-0  4o-0  4-00  >46-4  "1ft-4 211-4  113-4  42. 5"4  t-n-4  2114  tT-  316-j  3lft-l  to  4.1.24  4 b 24  mo-l M-i-i x«»-i»  XSS-3  iftqi-q  <oO-4 l » 4 1  (. o - 4  4b2-q  vt.3.1 sci-2  4.1,  1234  2c-Lift  -126-  BLOCK 25  Area 2.49 a c r e s ; scrub area 0.95 a c r e s . South a s p e c t .  S o i l - sandy loam.  On the whole t h i s b l o c k i s p o o r l y stocked  , Salmon-  b e r r y covers most o f the b l o c k , and the f o r e s t cover c o n s i s t s of hardwooda w i t h some cedar and hemlock r e p r o d u c t i o n as an underwood.  A few mature cedars and some hemlock s a p l i n g s  are s c a t t e r e d among the hardwoods,  R e c ommendat1ons. The a r e a should r e c e i v e a l i b e r a t i o n e u t t i n g and c l e a n i n g f o l l o w e d by p l a n t i n g .  Estimate o f timber. Ch  Total  2862  88  5707  307  696  69  1635  3.4  7,7  •8  18.2  C  H  A  F,b,m,  1425  792  540  Cu,ft.  342  221  Cords  3.8  2.5  M  -127STAND TABLE BLOCK 25  W - l o U-2.  Q-4-  i t 220  3-Co  0-4  n c  4-o  O-B  xc&  fa>-8  so  0-4  0-4  X4-.5  34-a  2-4  6 1 - 4  84-4  IX  2b-6  2Co-a  2 3 - 2  0-4  22-4  1-2.  •SCo-4  1 0-4 l Q - 4  0-4.  X4-8  1 X-O  140  IS-2  3l-<o  54-Q  l-X  2i-X  41-8  14/1.  Oft  l S-7.  42-0  Q-6  4-6  X4  n-C  n-x  4X  C o b  Xl-fe,  xq-x  2o  IX  3-2  4- 0  80  4-b  l(o-b  "2.Q - O  2-4  l-X  3-Co  11.  3-X  It  14-4  tb-O  l-X  T--6  2 3  0-0  <o-4  2 - < o  l-X  l-X  2-Q  l-X  5-2  fa>-4  2- Q  X*  l-X  0-4  4-4  (o-4  l-X  IX  l-C  3.X  Q-4  5-X  Co-4  O-o  O-o  0 b  2-a  3<o  4-4  0-4  0-4  0 -4  0-8  l-z.  0-4  6-4  0-4  o-&  0-8  O-o  o-b  (•fa  o-4  0-4  o-4  o-4  Oft  d-4  o-4  I1_ O-b  0-4-  o«a  o  Q-4-  0  Q-4. O - A -  o -4-  22  L.-4  O.4-  0-4  24 2 Co 28  0-4  04  0.4.  3o  2-4-6  IS&C-4-  0-4  34-6  1'4  4-4  Q - 4 1S1X  Q-4 0.4  5T-X  Cft-ft  <»7-(o  l^fa-o  450-0  O -4  -128P.B.M. STOCK TABLE BLOCK 25  •at,  24.  4s  ~IQ  SO  4b  4b  51  lo2-  4b  43  51  ICo  55  44  55 •  150  2IS  13  \ Colo  214  21 \  114  8b  (43  44  54  bb  4b  122  184  l<H  L<U  330  10  lo  131  IT>1  20-7  St  St  88o  3bo  bbO  54 42  22  X.-Z.  122.  24 24 2o bo  252  5lO  152  252  3l-f  bbl  214  VV4S  3 5  I3q  t  2283  -129CUBIC STOCK TABLE BLOCK 25  X2-  4-  4-6  3o-4  Xo-b  4-4  sn-c  4  4 0  V l .  "J--X  S-4  8-4  iq-c  4-a  Co-ft  lib  x=.x  10-ft  a-4  3(o-4  -a  4>a  T>q-lo  sn-x. m - a  IS-lo  (a  IT-lo  3SX  iqx  \C\--L.  IX-q  40-6  S 4  14-8  lo -4  xo a  u- \  14-4  14-4  -2.6-5  "3>n  a ix  IX.i  XT-fe  4-3-1»  1Q-4  XO-4  XS-X  XS-X 5a • 4  X4-0  *)t>b  4.4  1  to  "2.4-0  -ix,-q  44-4 X5-X  4a-o  5o-4  ST>-4  '•ab-q  loT-4-  4a 0  4ao s o - 4  111--) V l % - 4  l»-S<V-X  -130-  APPEHDIX I I . L o c a l Yolttae T a b l e s f o r Douglas F i r Red Cedar Balsam and Hemlock A l d e r and Maple.  Y i e l d Tables f o r Douglas F i r Red Cedar (60 y e a r  rotation).  -131-  DOUGLAS PIR  D.B.HV 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88  ,  {  Height  F,B J  48 60 72 83 91 98 107 112 117 122 127 132 136 140 144 149 153 157 160 164 168 171 174 178 181 184 187 190 193 196 199 202 205 208 211 214 217 220 223 225 228 230  31 65 118 187 264 365 433 576 698 837 1003 1174 1331 1559 1783 1994 2221 2444 2722 3004 3283 3580 3934 4262 4570 4950 5350 5750 6150 6500 6900 7300 7650 8000 8370 8800 9200 9600 9950 10300 10600  Cu-.Ft 4 9 17 27 39 48 66 84 102 124 1.49 176 206 238 284 317 355 400 445 497 551 604 657 722 785 854 925 1000 1070 1150 1230 1310 1390 1470 1550 1640 1740 1840 1940 2040 2140 2240  -132-  RM>  D.B.H. 6 8 10 12 14 1.6 18 20 22 ' 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 ' 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 ' -52 54 56 58' 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74  Height 44 49 54 60 64 70 75 79 84 88 92 97 100 104 108 111 115 118 121 124 128 132 136 138 140 143 146 150 152 155 158 160 163 165 168  OKDAR  P.B.M. 20 30 56 90 128 152 175 240 345 418 520 630 750 875 1006 1154 1320 1510 1650 1870 2090 2320 2580 2850 3120 3440 3770 4090 4420 4780 5140 5520 5870 6230  Cu.Pt..  %  4' 9  16 24 31 40 51 63 76 90 107 126 147 168 192 217 246 280 305 346 387 434 487 547 608 680 754 818 884 956 1028 1104 1174 1246  -133-  BALSAM AND WESTERN HEMLOCK D.B.H. 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62  Height 28 42 61 73 82 90 98 104 110 116 122 127 133 138 142 147 152 156 160 164 169 173 177 180 184 188 192 195 198  P.B.M. mm  17 . 40 79 137 210 305 402 530 668 820 997 1196 1422 1640 1889 2178 2456 2720 3026 3345 3674 4007 4250 4552 4830 5080 5410 5730  Cu »Pt • 2 5 13 24 37 52 69 93 117 145 175 205 241 277 316. 359 410 455 505 559 622 685 745 810 874 938 1013 1075 1135  -134-  ALDER AMD MAPLE  D.B.H.  Height  Cu.Ft.  F.B.M.  -  6  52  4  7  56  6  -  8  59  8  12  9  62  9  21  ro-  64  11  32  ll  66  14  45  12  69  17  64  14  72  25  109  16  76  36  169  18  80  47  245  20  84  60  343  22  87  75  465  24  90  89  610  -135-  YIBLD TABLE FOR DOUGLAS FIR S i t e Index 130  T o t a l No. o f Aver- AverAge trees age age per d.b.h, h e i g h t acre D, C-D ins.  Basal Vol. per acre. area sq.ft. Cu,ft, f .b .m.  M.a.i. f.b.m.  M.a.i, eu.ft.  20  1173  2,5  26  70  803  -  —  40  40  703  6.2  72  141  4113  15300  382  103  60  309  10.4  107  175  7147  35100  585  119  eo  188  14. 1  122  197  8857  47000  587  111  100  140  17.1  130  215  10027  55900  559  100  120  114  19.7  137  231  11177  64000  533  93  140  96  21.0  145  246  12310  72100  515  88  160  86  24 a  152  262  13433  80200  501  84  4  C u l m i n a t i o n o f f.b.m. growth  60 o r 80 y e a r s .  C u l m i n a t i o n o f • e u b i e growth  60 y e a r s .  -136-  YIELD TABLE FOR CEDAR.. 60 YEAR ROTATION Average d.b.h. 14 Inches. D.B.H.  No. o f t r e e s per acre  No. o f poles  -  No, o f posts  F.B.M.  -  2  1  4  4  6  12  -  20  -  8  20  *  50  400  10  33  -  80  990  12  40  25  60  2240  14  40  30  60  3600  16  33  30  50  4488  18  27  25  40  4185  20  17  15  40  2975  22  13  12  30  3120  24  5  4  19  1725  26  3i  2  10  1254  28  2  2  5  1040  250  145  460  26017  1 L  -  Normal mean animal increment^ 60 y e a r r o t a t i o n : 433 f.b.m. per a c r e . Probable mean annual Increment, 60 y e a r r o t a t i o n : 350 f.b.m per a c r e .  -137-  APPENDIX I I I ,  Description of  Speeie3.  Estimate o f Cedar P o l e s by Area C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by  Blocks, Blocks.  -138-  DESCBIPTIOW OF Douglas f i r .  (Pseudotsuga  SPECIES  taxifolia).  Most of the f i r on the area i s overmature and left  was  In the s e l e c t i v e l o g g i n g o p e r a t i o n s . A s m a l l amount of  f i r r e p r o d u c t i o n Is coming i n n a t u r a l l y and  this will  be  supplemented by p l a n t i n g . L i t t l e need be s a i d r e g a r d i n g the c h a r a c t e r of the wood. At present  i t i s very v a l u a b l e as a s t r u c t u r a l  i s q u i t e durable  i n contact w i t h t h e ' s o i l , but Is a d i f f i c u l t  wood to work. Consequently, it's use may  timber,  be d i s p l a c e d i n the  f u t u r e by more workable woods which hase been t r e a t e d , or whose s t r e n g t h s have been b e t t e r u t i l i z e d by more e f f i c i e n t structural  design.  Western Red Cedar. (Thuya p l l c a t a ) . Cedar i s the moat abundant s p e c i e s on the and  forms approximately  mixture of age t r e e s belong The  3/4  of the c o n i f e r o u s s t a n d . A good  c l a s s e s e x i s t s although  In the 1 to 20 year age wood  3hould  area  the m a j o r i t y o f  the  class.  always be v a l u a b l e f o r posts  and  p o l e s , and as i t grows r a p i d l y up t o p o l e s i z e , i t should be a very good s p e c i e s to grow i n a s m a l l f o r e s t on a p o l e rotation* Western Hemlock. (Tsuga h e t e r o p h y i l a ) . P r a c t i c a l l y a l l of the o l d e r hemlock on the i s hemlock m i s t l e t o e i n f e c t e d and  a constant  source  of  area  -139-  danger t o younger t r e e s .  The s p e c i e s i s not v e r y abundant  and at present i s not b e i n g added to by p l a n t i n g . Hemlock w i l l probably be a v a l u a b l e wood i n the near f u t u r e , f o r i t i s more e a s i l y worked than i s f i r and i s a b e t t e r wood f o r i n t e r i o r  Grand F i r o r Balsam.  finish.  (Abies g r a n d i s ) .  Some mature t r e e s and a f a i r amount o f r e p r o d u c t i o n of balsam a r e s c a t t e r e d over the a r e a , mainly 3,4,  i n b l o c k s 2,  and 21. T h i s s p e c i e s should be encouraged to grow i n  mixed s t a n d s : I t i s f a i r l y t o l e r a n t and produces an e x c e l l e n t . boxwood, a product which should be r e a d i l y s a l e a b l e i n t h e future.  S i t k a Spruce.  (Plcea s i t c h e n s i s ) .  Only a few specimens of spruce occur n a t u r a l l y i n i n the f o r e s t .  Some have been added to these by p l a n t i n g .  I t i s not a s p e c i e s t o encourage f o r i t I s s u s c e p t i b l e t o aphis i n f e c t i o n o r spruce g a l l and very s u s c e p t i b l e t o windfall. Western Yew. (Taxus b r e v i f o l l a ) . Only a very few specimens o f yew occur and are o f more v a l u e as a c u r i o s i t y than as a commercial s p e c i e s . Western White P i n e . (Pinus m o n t l c o l a ) . A few white p i n e t r a n s p l a n t s have been s e t out i n ± H the f o r e s t , but the s p e c i e s i s not recommended because o f the ever-present danger o f b l i s t e r r u s t i n f e c t i o n from  -140-  nearby black currant p l a n t s . Western Y e l l o w P i n e .  {Plnus  ponderosa),  A few y e l l o w p i n e h a v e b e e n p l a n t e d and s u c c e s s f u l on t h e d r i e r s i t e s .  I t s use  Is not  should  be  recommended,  h o w e v e r , u n t i l m o r e i s known r e g a r d i n g i t s s u i t a b i l i t y t o the  coast.  Redwood ( S e q u o i a eyparis  sempervlrens)  and  P o r t O r f o r d Cedar  (Chamae-  Lawsonlana), A v e r y few  of these  t h e f o r e s t as an e x p e r i m e n t  s p e c i e s have been p l a n t e d i n  only.  Lodgepole Pine. (Plnus c o n t o r t a ) . T h i s s p e c i e s does not but  i s considered  and  wetter  sites.  o c c u r n a t u r a l l y on t h e  t o be a s u i t a b l e I t s use  s p e c i e s f o r low  area  spots  i s recommended i n e v e n - a g e d m i x e d  stands.  Red  A l d e r . (Alnus r u b r a ) ,  1  A l d e r i s the l e a d i n g hardwood of the l o r t h w e s t . The  volume c u t and  of f u r n i t u r e exceeds a m i l l i o n It  used l o c a l l y i n the board f e e t per  easy t o h a n d l e i n t h e woods,  and  year.  a r e a d y m a r k e t and  A l o c a l manufacturing  take a l l the a l d e r t h a t the U n i v e r s i t y F o r e s t  s u p p l y and  manufacture  i s a good s p e c i e s t o grow on a w o o d l o t o r  f o r e s t as i t makes r a p i d g r o w t h , h a s  will  Pacific  pay  small is  plant can  t h e f o l l o w i n g p r i c e s f o r l o g s 9 i n c h e s and  i n l e n g t h s o f 8,  10,  o r 12  feet:  larger  -141-  #6,00 per M f.b.m. i f the l o g s are c o l l e c t e d at the f o r e s t by the company. |9.00 The  per M f.b.m. I f the l o g s are d e l i v e r e d to the l o g s are s c a l e d by the B.C.  Log  mill.  Scale.  With a l l i t s advantages, a l d e r should be encouraged to grow i n p l a c e s where i t w i l l not I n t e r f e r e w i t h the growth of c o n i f e r o u s r e p r o d u c t i o n . T h r i f t y a l d e r s should be  left  d u r i n g c l e a n i n g s ; these w i l l put on r a p i d growth and  will  be a source  of revenue i n a few y e a r s . A l s o , t h e presence o f  some hardwood i n mixture with the c o n i f e r s w i l l keep the  soil  from d e t e r i o r a t i n g .  B r o a d l s a f Maple. (Acer macrophyllum). Maple i s a l s o an Important hardwood i n the Northwest,  The  Pacific  annual cut l o c a l l y i s about 20 M board f e e t ,  used p r i n c i p a l l y i n f u r n i t u r e manufacture.. The wood has  s i m i l a r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s to  maple but i s only 80 per pent as s t r o n g . advantages to a l d e r and  eastern  Maple has  similar  i t 3 growth should be encouraged In  the f o r e s t where i t w i l l not i n t e r f e r e w i t h the growth of coniferous t r e e s . The  present p r i c e s being p a i d f o r maple l o g s by  a l o c a l m i l l are as f o l l o w s : |7.00  per M f.b.m. I f c o l l e c t e d at the f o r e s t by  the company. $10,00 per M f.b.m  i f d e l i v e r e d to the  mill.  -142-  Western C h e r r y .  (Prunus demissa) .  There i s a l i m i t e d q u a n t i t y o f cherry i n the f o r e s t and  i t s use I s a t - p r e s e n t l i m i t e d t o f i r e w o o d .  Willow.  ( S a l i x sp.)  Crab-apple  (Pyrus r l v u l a r l s ) and  F l o w e r i n g Dogwood (Cornus K u t t a l l i l ) . These are r e l a t i v e l y unimportant  i n the f o r e s t  and a r e r e p r e s e n t e d by only a few specimens.  Dogwood should  be encouraged as i t i s a b e a u t i f u l ornamental t r e e , but the willow and crab-apple should be cleaned out as weed s p e c i e s . C a s c a r a . (Rhamnus p u r s h i a n a ) . There a r e only a few c a s c a r a t r e e s i n the f o r e s t but i t i s being spread by the b i r d s . I t i s a v a l u a b l e s p e c i e s , the wood and bark c o n t a i n i n g a m e d i c i n a l  drug.  Cascara i s exceedingly t o l e r a n t o f shade and should be t r i e d out i n mixed p l a n t a t i o n s w i t h f i r and c e d a r . I t i s a v e r y hardy t r e e , s u b j e c t t o few Insect p e s t s and fungous i n j u r i e s , and should be a v a l u a b l e secondary  species for  p l a n t a t i o n s , Onee the t r e e s have been e s t a b l i s h e d , the s p e c i e s can be coppiced and sure r e p r o d u c t i o n w i l l be had i n the future. The recommended s p a c i n g i n the f i e l d v a r i e s from 2 f e e t by 3 f e e t  (Davidson) t o 6 f e e t by 6 f e e t  (Moody).  6 f e e t by 6 f e e t v/ould be a s u i t a b l e s p a c i n g t o use and would be uniform w i t h the spacing used at) present f o r f i r and  cedar.  -143-  Cascara ( c o n t i n u e d ) . The  seed s h o u l d he sown In t h e seedbed i n rows  i n t h e autumn, and f r e s h seed should be used i f p o s s i b l e . If  t h e seed  has t o be s t o r e d , I t should be s t r a t i f i e d  the pulp has been removed by soaking.In hot water. of  after  Depth  sowing i n the seedbed should be about one q u a r t e r i n c h . I t has been estimated t h a t a y i e l d o f a t l e a s t  1300  pounds of bark per acre per year may  a cascara p l a n t a t i o n .  be expected  from  -144-  ESTIMOT OP CEDAR POLES BIT BLOCKS  B l o c k No.  No. o f p o l e s .  Block No.  No. o f p o l e s .  1  11  13  1  2  2  14  1  3  2  15  5  4  6  16  5  5  6  17  4  6  1  18  10  7  3  19  8  8  1  20  10  9  1  21  10  10  -  22  3  -  23  10  1  24  10  25  3  11 12  •  o t a l number o f p o l e s on tne f o r e s t : 114.  -145-  AREA CLASSIFICATION BY BLOCKS Block Pure hdwd.  Forested Mixed Pure Total C-H c o n i f e r f o r e s t e d  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25  0.61 0.10  0.24 0,31  1,16 1.21 1.37 1,01 0.91 0,89 2.03 2.22 1.93 1.51 1.67 1.S7 1.18  'otal  3.64  27.07  1  — 0.10 — _ mm  -  -mm-  ->  0.18 0.16 0.04 1...15 0.23 0.15 0.04 _  0.33  1.62 0.85 1.82 .1,17 mm  0.23 0.48 0.42 »  .-  0.37  0.12 0.37 0.05  4.09 1.45 0.85 2.50 2.57 2.65 1.25 0.54 0.66 1.38 1.81 1.85 1.16 1.61 1.61 1.51 0.95 2.09 2.35 2,44 1,97 1,51 2.12 2,48 1.54  14.23  44.94  1.86 0.20  -  0,68 1.30 2*65 1.02 0.06 0,24 1.38 1,81 • 1.48 0,40 0,06 0.34  «.  0.05 O.OS 0.07  -  -  Hon- f o r e s t e d CultivScrub T o t a l ated  -  0,13  0.13  -  0*45 -  0,45  -  0.08  0,08  _  1.25 1.04 0,41 1.12 0,84 0,54  •a*  — mm  0.11  -  0.41 0,26  —  -  mm.  mm mm  0.78  —  mm  _ '  0*24 0.48 0,73 0.18 0.14 0,15 0.06  1.25 1.04 0,41 1,12 0.84 0.65 1.33 0.24 0.89 0,99 0,18 0.14 0.15 0.06  0.33 0.38 0,38 0,95  0.33 0.38 0.38 0.95  1.33  —  11,21  -  11.99  TOTAL AREA 4.22 1.45 1.30 2.50 2 .65 2.65 2.50 1.58 1.07 2.50 2.65 2.50 2.49 1.85 2.50 2.50 1.13 2.23 2.50 2.50 1.97 1.84 2.50 2.86 2.49 56.93  -146-  APPEHDIX IV... Maps. Map o f U t i l i s a t i o n . , ap o f B'orest C o n d i t i o n . Cover Map,, 'Map o f Drainage.,  UNIVERSITY  MAP OF UTILlZ/\TlOM. UNIVERSITY FOE EST.  CAMPUS  UMIVEESITY  O FBRITISH  COLUMBIA  VAMCOLPS/EE.BLC. cale  1 lo * 2 0 0 F t S u r v e ^ e c i  L. pir>  > 3o"  ci.b.b.  B a l s a r r ; > 30* d k b . HerolocU C e d a c M a p l e  > 3 0 " d b b. > so" > so"  'oooo  Fir*  a.bb. d.t> b.  - m e n c h a n l  aifcale .  Bloc  Fool" pa t b . .  L o o * ino posl-5  ^  Iroo  @  Concrete  0  IP O O  po*5>V"  Poad roai-klD(^  blocK  Co  rrv o n u r n a n t " , tnarkioa^Curve .  U  L F  O F  5. R a p p e e *  .  G  3  A  .  MAP FOEEST U M W E C 5 1 T Y  C A M P U 5  o r  COhDITIOn  UM1VEESITY UMIVECSITY  FOEEIST  O F DKITI5H  COLUMBIA  VANCOUVER.B.C. Scale 1 In — 2 0 0 Ft S u r v e y e d  2* M  a p p e d  \*3"34-5  GL&A,  C O V E R  M A P  UNIVERSITY  UNIVERSITY  F0RE5T  U N I V E R S I T Y *\ B R I T I S H C O L U M B I A  CANPU5  VANCOUVER. B.C Scale  \ to = 2 0 0 Fir S u r v e y e d &. M a p p e d  *  • *-*  L  »  i  A  A  A  • *  II ,  4.1  t  f  r  i  *  ;  *  > 7^  *.4 .*\*  \  "fe, 9 e  •  v.  1  * 4**  •••-:-::<>. i&x  20 ;  V  v*X  L *3 *  •hi  ;  I *  $; 4* * • 1 «  /NET II*.  'I  t  .ti  1  Legend: Hardw o o d . 4k  CecLcxr-.  A  rVr*.  A  Hemlock .  A  "3prcj.ee  I T r e e s a b o v e \"2"dao.. ^ T r e e s 2." 1o •2" cho.. * T r e e s le-ss than 2."dUa..  Dolaarn. T'J  B a r r e n •scrub.  Type  boundary  CuU'wated.  R  o t  G \  I  A  4>  5  •'•*>  v**:  LJnwerstTy £  M A P OF D R A I N A G E UNIVERSITY  FOREST  UNIVERSITY » BRITISH V A N C O U V E R  COLUMBIA.  . B.C.  -147  BIBLIOGRAPHY  1, B.C. F o r e s t S e r v i c e , "Volume, Y i e l d , and S&and T a b l e s f o r some o f the P r i n c i p a l Timber Species o f B r i t i s h Columbia';' 2. Meyer, i'.H. "Volume Tables f o r Western Hemlock". 3. Meyer, W.H,  " I n t e r r e g i o n a l Volume T a b l e s f o r Old-growth  Douglas F i r " , 4, R.Bourne, "Working P l a n Headings",  Empire F o r e s t r y  J o u r n a l , Volume 13, No*2, 1934, 5, Recknagel* " F o r e s t Working P l a n s " , Second  Edition,  6. Johnson, H a n z l i k , and Gibbons, "Red A l d e r o f the P a c i f i c Northwest, U.S.D.A. B u l l e t i n Ho. 1437,  1926.  7* S t a r k e r and W i l c o x . "Cascara", R e p r i n t e d from The American J o u r n a l o f Pharmacy, Volume 103, Nos. 2 and 3, February and March,, 1931,  

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