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Graduate Recital Nagelbach, Emily Sarah 2005

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GRADUATE RECITALS by EMILY SARAH NAGELBACH B.Mus., Wilfrid Laurier University, 2003 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF MUSIC in THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES (Orchestral Instrument) THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA April 2005 © Emily Nagelbach, 2005 ABSTRACT The thesis for the Master of Music degree in Orchestral Instrument consists two full-length recitals, or the equivalent, with emphasis on solo works, but also including representative chamber works. The two full-length recitals were performed on April 18, 2004 and April 8, 2005. Voyage by John Corigliano (b. 1938) American composer John Corigliano has received numerous awards for his work, including a Guggenheim Fellowship (1968), die Grawemeyer Award (1991), two Grammy awards for Best Contemporary Composition (1991, 1996) and the Composition of the Year award from the International Music Awards (1992). Voyage was originally written for strings in 1976 and was arranged for flute and string orchestra in 1983 by Corigliano. It is an instrumental version of a 1971 a capella choral work that was a. setting of Richard Wilbur's translation of Baudelaire's famous "L 'Invitation au voyage" Wilbur portrays a world of obsessive imagination and the music echoes the quality of the repeated refrain: "There, there is nothing else but grace and measure, richness, quietness and pleasure." Concertino by Erwin Schulhoff (1894-1942) Erwin Schulhoff was a Czech composer and pianist of German descent. He served in the Austrian army during World War One. With the rise of the Nazi regime, he had applied for a visa to the Soviet Union, but it came to late and he was interned in Prague on June 23, 1941. He was deported to the Wiilzburg Concentration Camp near Weissenburg/Bavaria, where he died on August 18, 1942. Although this composition combines an unusual grouping of instruments, Schulhoff manages to combine them successfully while still bringing out the individual characters and strengths of each instrument. - P R O G R A M N O T E S -Rondo in E minor by Franz Xaver Mozart (1791-1844) Franz Xaver Mozart was the .sixth child of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and surely must have felt the pressure of being the son of such a talented and famous composer, lie composed a wide range of piano music, some of which looks forward to the piano style of Chopin and Liszt. The brilliant pianistic figuration prominent in Franz Xaver s music reveals the influence of his teacher Johann Nepomuk Hummel. Sonata in D minor by J i n (Georg) Cart (Zarth/Czarth) (1708-1778) This sonata by the Czechoslovakian composer .lift Carl is one of three recently discovered sonatas, found by flutist Dennette Derby McDermott. McDemiott was the 1998 recipient of the Mildred Hart Bailey Research Award, honored for her research and performances of Czech music. Cart was also a violinist, working in the Kurplalzisches Karnmerorchester orchestra in Mannheim. Only a small proportion of Cart's music has survived. His sonatas seem to be early works, written when his style was still rooted in the Baroque idiom. Sonata, Op.23 by Lowell Liebermann (b. 1961) Lowell Liebermann is one of today's most widely performed and commissioned composers. This sonata was commissioned by the Spoleto Festival and is dedicated to Paula Robison, who gave the first performance on May 20, 1988. It was granted the honour of Best. Newly Published nine Work by the National Flute Association in 1989. Though often labeled conservative, Liebermamrs music is notable for its stylistic resourcefulness and polished craftsmanship, resisting identification with any particular school of composition. Cantabile et Presto by Georges Enesco (1881-1955) Georges Enescu, also known by the French form of his name Enesco, was Romania's greatest composer and a leading figure in Romanian musical life in the first half of the 20th century. Dedicated to Paul Taffanel, the founder of the French Flute School, this piece was written in I 904 as the flute test piece for the Paris Conservatoire. Enesco avoided showmanship, aiming for a modest performance in which all attention would be focussed on the music, not the player or their technique. Scrivo in Vento by Elliott Carter (b. 1908) This piece is dedicated to Canadian flutist Robert Aitken and was first performed on July 20, 1991 on Petrarch's 687 l h birthday at the Festival of Avignon, France. Its title is taken from the poem below written by Petrarch. Carter uses the flute to present contrasting musical ideas and registers to suggest the paradoxical nature of the poem. As one of the most respected composers of the second half of the twentieth century, he has created a unique style that combines surging rhythmic vitality with intense dynamic contrast. Beato in sogno et di languir coutento, d'abbracciar Pombre et seguir Paura estiva, nuoto per mar die non a fondo o riva; solco onde, e 'n rena fondo, el scrivo in vento; e 'I sol vagheggio si ch' elli a gia spento col suo splendor la mia vertu visiva; et una cerva errante et fugitiva caccio con un bue zoppo e 'nfermo et lento, Cieco et stanco ad ogni altro ch' al mio danno, il qual di et notte palpitando cerco, sol Amor et Madonna et Morte chiamo. Cosi venti anni, grave et lungo affanno, pur lagrime et sospiri et dolor merco: in tale stella presi l'esca et l'amo! - Petrarch, R I M E SPARSE 212 Blessed in sleep and satisfied to languish, to embrace shadows, and to pursue the summer breeze, I swim through a sea that has no floor or shore, I plow the waves and found my house on sand and write on the wind; and I gaze yeaning at the sun so that he has already put out with his brightness my power of sight; and I pursue a wandering, fleeing doe with a lame, sick, slow ox. Blind and weary to everything except my harm, which I trembling seek day and night, I call only Love and my Lady and Death; thus for twenty years - heavy, long labor - 1 have gained only tears and sighs and sorrow: under such a star I took the bait and the hook! Translated by Robert M . Durling THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA SCHOOL OF MUSIC Recital Hall Sunday, April 18, 2004 12:00 p.m. Rondo in E Minor M A S T E R ' S S T U D E N T R E C I T A L * E M I L Y N A G E L B A C H , F L U T E with Yumiko Hayashi, piano Alisa Coquet, harpsichord Meghan Verdejo, viola Mark Beaty, double bass Franz Xaver Mozart (1791-1844) Sonata in D minor Cantabile Allegro non molto Allegro Jiri Cart (1708-1778) Sonata, Op. 23 (1987) Lento con rubato Presto energico Lowell Liebermann (b. 1961) I N T E R M I S S I O N Cantabile et Presto Georges Enesco (1881-1955) Scrivo in Vento for flute alone (1991) Voyage (1983) Concertino for Flute, Viola and Contrabass Andante con moto Allegro furioso Andante Allegro gaio Elliott Carter (b. 1908) John Corigliano (b. 1938) Piano reduction by Mark Starr Erwin Schulhoff (1894-1942) * In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Music degree in Flute. Reception to follow. THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA SCHOOL OF MUSIC Recital Hall Friday, April 8, 2005 8:00 p.m. MASTER'S GRADUATION RECITAL* EMILY NAGELBACH, FLUTE with Yumiko Hayashi, piano Michael Onwood, harpsichord Sonata in E major, BWV1035 Adagio ma non tanto Allegro Siciliano Allegro assai Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) Canzone Samuel Barber (1910-1981) Chant de Linos Andre Jolivet (1905-1974) - I N T E R M I S S I O N -Grande Fantaisie Paul Taffanel (1844-1908) Air for solo flute Toru Takemitsu (1930-1996) Concerto pour flute Allegro Moderato Lento sensible Molto vivace Jean Rivier (1896-1987) * In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Music degree with a major in Flute. Out of the eight solo flute works attributed to Johann Sebastian Bach, Sonata in E major, BWV1035 (c.1741) is one of only five works that axe believed to be genuinely authentic. Written in sonata da chiesa form, this sonata features a lighter texture and freer form than some of Bach's other sonatas. The first movement contains ornate figures in the flute part, with a short minor epilogue over a chromatic bass line at the end of the movement. In the second movement, the flute's principle theme is joyful and lively and develops in a song-like manner. The third movement is a Siciliano, a feature also found in Bach's sonatas in B minor and E-flat major. It features a bass part that frequently imitates the melody of the flute, often canonicaliy. In the final movement, the opening theme is quite virtuosic, with the phrase ending as if suspended in air. Works by American composer Samuel Barber often feature an expressive, lyrical style and follow the conventional forms and tonal language of the 19th century. Canzone (1961) was transcribed for flute and piano by the composer from the second movement of his Pulitzer-Prize winning Piano Concerto, Op. 38. The concerto was commissioned for the inaugural ceremonies for the Philharmonic Hall at New York's Lincoln Center in 1962. In this setting, the Canzone retains the simple, song-like character of the original. Since much of the interplay in the concerto movement is between the piano soloist and solo orchestral flute, the composer's adaptation is remarkably faithful with minimal alteration. Chant de Linos (1944) by Andre lolivet was written after the composer had experimented with a more lyrical style during World War n. Originally composed for flute, string trio and harp, it reveals the French composer's continuing preoccupation with ritual. He describes this piece as a "type of ancient Greek threnody: a funeral lament, a plaint interrupted by cries and dances." The flute passages are often full of anguish and emotional intensity and frequently alter in mood and texture. Frenetic dancing is depicted in the two 7/8 sections and a strong sense of grief and loss is conveyed through the ambiguous rhythms in the slow sections. Paul Taffanel, a French flutist and conductor, is widely regarded as the founder of the modern French school of flute playing. Taffanel pioneered a new expressiveness of tone and sensitivity of musicianship which proved the flute to be capable of emotional depth. He was professor of flute at the Paris Conservatoire from 1893 until his death in 1908. Grande Fantaisie is based on themes from the opera "Mignon" (1866) by Ambroise Thomas, which is based on a novel by Goethe and set in the late 18th century. Mignon's heroine, the abandoned daughter of an incestuous liaison, travels with a group of gypsies who exploit her by displaying her talents, such as her famous dance on eggs. Mignon, whose name means 'sweet' and 'tiny,' displays a wide palette of emotions ranging from infatuation to wild jealousy, incredulity and a rebirth of love for her lost father. In this opera, gypsy music and pastiche lS^century dances alternate with sweeping waltzes. Air for solo flute is the only completed excerpt from a flute concerto Toru Takemitsu was writing for Patrick Galois before he died. This work highlights the lyrical mood and pastoral colors characteristic of Takemitsu's writing for the flute. The title has a dual meaning, referring to both the musical form of the same name and the element of nature that produces the sound of the flute. Air is a tranquil miniature that explores the wide variety of tone colours possible on the instrument through the use of the breath. lean Rivier became a prominent French composer during the interwar period, and took a leading role in the Groupe du Triton. From 1948 to 1966 he was professor of composition at the Conservatoire, a position he shared with Darius Milhaud until 1962. Rivier's works reveal a rhythmic drive and intensity and often adhere to traditional forms. Rivier wrote many compositions for flute, perhaps influenced by his father, who was an amateur flutist. Concerto pour flute, written in 1956 for flute and string orchestra, features robust, jazzy rhythms and a playful, energetic style. 


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