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Re-industrializing Vancouver : a speculative high-rise industrial building for the ’superport’ Keene, Louis Eyre 1998

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R E - I N D U S T R I A L I Z I N G V A N C O U V E R A SPECULATIVE HIGH-RISE INDUSTRIAL BUILDING FOR THE 'SUPERPORT by L O U I S E Y R E K E E N E BFA (honours), University of Victoria, 1985 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE in THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES School of Architecture We accept this thesis as conforming to the required standard THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA April 1, 19*8 © Louis Eyre Keene, 1998 In presenting this thesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for an advanced degree at the University of British Columbia, I agree that the Library shall make it freely available for reference and study. I further agree that permission for extensive copying of this thesis for scholarly purposes may be granted by the head of my department or by his or her representatives. It is understood that copying or publication of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission. Department of The University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada Da,e p $ * £ k \ ~ ? . \ \ DE-6 (2/88) ABSTRACT The T R A N S C O M building is a speculative high-rise industrial building proposed for the Central Waterfront Port Lands site on Burrard Inlet, Vancouver, B C (directly to the east of Canada Place). Designed for 24 hour/day, 7day/week use, The T R A N S C O M building incorporates innovative cargo delivery systems to ensure that all five (double height) floors are equally well served. In particular, a large external crane runs the length of the building's west side, delivering intermodal containers to private and shared corridors on all floors. The comprehensive site plan includes waterfront walks and parkland that will be shared with the public. It is therefore assumed that government and private industry would jointly develop the waterfront 'industrial park' of which the T R A N S C O M building would be the first of several similar buildings. Specifically, the T R A N S C O M building is intended to be a 'state-of-the-art' industrial facility purposefully located with high visibility to showcase vital Canadian Manufacturing. Three primary goals drive this proposal. First, exploit the opportunity to locate manufacturing right at the convergence of material, labor and other resources, as well as at a direct 'gateway' to world markets. Second, achieve more productive land use than is usual in current industrial practice - a response to increasingly scarce industrial land supplies in Vancouver. Finally, develop a building system which by practical means; accommodates the widest possible tenant use, achieves an increased building life cycle, and effects reduced operating costs. Concepts central to the design strategy include: maximizing land use by several means, freight access by conventional and container means to all points, reuse and reconfiguring of 'core' building, natural ventilation and solar controls, designing to enable shared use of resources and amenities. TABLE OF CONTENTS i i i i i iv Introductory Note 1 Screen Captures of Web Pages From Presentation, 1 & 2 2 Screen Captures of Web Pages From Presentation, 3 & 4 3 Parti: The T R A N S C O M Building Site 4 Site Context 5 Site Plan & Detail 6 Plan: Ground Floor & Main Entrance: Perspective and Elevation 7 Plan: Typical Floor & Details: Container Loading, Truck Loading 8 Plan: Roof & Detail: Overhead Gantry Crane 9 West Elevation: Development 10 West Elevation & Detail 11 East Elevation & Detail 12 Section: Looking North & Details 13 Perspective View From South Illustration of ' Shuttlevator' 14 Building Envelope Detail: Perspective and Orthographic Views 15 Perspective and Interior Views of West Elevation 16 Solar Analysis 17 Perspectives: Circulation 18 Title Page Abstract Table of Contents Acknowledgment in A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T I am most grateful for the time and effort given to this project by the three members of my committee. Ray Cole and Chris Macdonald, professors of Architecture at U B C , were terrific friends as well as mentors, while Peter Busby gave very generously of his time, notwithstanding a demanding architectural practice, civic work and other commitments. i v INTRODUCTORY NOTE In the following documentation, pages 2 & 3 are representative of web pages that were presented at thesis defense, April 01,1998. The presentation of the thesis was organized in a notebook computer as a website and projected by high intensity L C D projector onto a screen. Icons on the upper title bar when 'clicked' bring up various content bars including those shown at left. The icons on these content bars in turn call up various pages - many linked to interactive pages such as .wrl - virtual worlds and .dwf - drawing web format views of Autocad drawing files. The remaining pages produced here (4 -18) have been reformatted for print from graphic files that were also projected at the thesis defense. Hundreds of additional images and 'links' were available on the website to illustrate the T R A N S C O M Building proposal as well as related issues. Those selected and included here satisfactorily represent the building and graphic style of presentation. 1 $0fcm archive dwfs C I I H I I • There has been a steady increased awareness of both operating and environmental costs associated with extensive land use V Public In addition to problems of consumption of non renewable energy. The costs of extensive land use, including: increased energy consumption, public subsidy of roads and utilities, removal of land from agricultural and other use, etc. are being reexamined and evaluated. Paying for the Costs of the Car Studies done for Transport 2021, suggest that all transport modes contain an element of subsidy. In the case of cars, this amounts to about a quarter of the cost of each trip. Having drivers cover more or the true C U M of me use of the car has the double advantage of raising revenues, Vancouver draft transoortation olan. 1996, from City of j Web Pages 1 (top) & 2 (below) DETAILS I ^ £ N f archivedwfs Web Pages 3 (top) & 4 (bottom) '.J*X2t The view (above) is of the west side of Hie building, so the transportation and lifting are visible to die public at many vantage points from Canada Place to the old CPR station, including the *S^ gg"»>-»jSea Bus and Waterfront Subway station. S * I « i »r 3 The T R A N S C O M Building Site Extended land mass accommodates three related industrial buildings oriented to Canada Place and existing waterfront morphology. Park and public walkways surround site, including extended breakwater which approaches existing container port to northeast. 4 Existing CWPL site 94 acres total 23 acres land. 71 acres slater 2. Plan showing possible future city street continuity. Context 1. Existing Central Waterfront Port Lands (CWPL) site. 2. Possible future street extension with proposal. 3. The TRANSCOM; Building proposal - Context TRANSCOM Building Site Plan (above) 7 north tenant - ahiminum extrusion & fabrication/assembly 8 2. The T R A N S C O M Building: early computer modeling 3. The T R A N S C O M Building: West elevation 10 West Elevation Detail of west elevation note: stepped container bays -containers not shown. IT East Elevation Detail of elevation note: concrete core structure, gated circulation bays, and freight 'shuttlevators'. 12 Section looking north through circulation bay (above) Security gate closed Security gate open • I UflUjWj MtlltWlMlJ jillllllliBltllMij Various wall panels: east facade and interior circulation bays p a n WW *• _ J _ J _ _JL_ i —f 1$ i J j 13 (above) Early computer model of The TRANSCOM Building: oblique view from south (below) East Facade of The TRANSCOM Building East elevation of Transcom Building. Ttw HfaoMirnr t tm ' raw* irft and right aW stop pobtt* m >»i it a» if •'• »i d o w n . Grea t l y i l t imin.i t . - tt***t '.atfTOoad l e v d and < B « K * floor. Hor i zon ta l m m i i m nt b> I..1 Witt n ground ami «<f» floor. 14 envelope & shading system 15 Computer model Three perspective views 1. view of west facade (partial) from above. 2. exterior view along expanded metal service walkway. 3. interior view looking west. 16 Solar Analysis for environmental controls design (above) southwest facade (below) sectional analysis through south facade 17 computer rendered view looking east through circulation bay 


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