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A Museum of Contemporary Architecture in new Yaletown, Vancouver Erickson, Gary G. 1994

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A MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE IN NEW YALETOWN, VANCOUVER by GARY G. ERICKSON B. F. A., Concordia University, 1979 A THESIS SUBMflTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE in ThE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES School of Architecture We accept this thesis as conforming to the required standard  ThE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA October 1994 © Gary G. Erickson, 1994  In presenting this thesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for an advanced degree at the University of British Columbia, I agree that the Ubrary shall make it freely available for reference and study. I further agree that permission for extensive copying of this thesis for scholarly purposes may be granted by the head of my department or by his or her representatives. It is understood that copying or publication of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission.  (Signature)  S*fvo-  DenLuL__ The University of British Columbia Vancouver. Canada  Date  DE-6 (2188)  ABSTRACT This thesis project, a Museum of Contemporary Architecture in Vancouver, offers solu tions to architectural design problems resulting from the placement of an institutional use, the museum, within the social and physical framework of the city. The emphasis of this project is to integrate two polar opposites. On one hand resides the bureaucratic elite of a cultural institution: the curatorial machinery of contemporary architecture. On the other hand are the contradictory forces of the city: the wandering of the diverse population through the site, the intrusion of other uses within the body of the building, and the shifting of museum uses onto adjacent noninstitutional structures. The method of research has been through a three month iterative process of reading, draw ing and modelling, following consultation with the thesis committee. Represented here is the third version of the project, in it’s most resolved form. For a record of the thesis preparation, please see the design study, directed by Professor Sherry McKay, held in the Architecture Read ing Room. The conclusions of this thesis project resulted from aggressive reworkings. First, the uses of the building were interrogated and then condensed into their simplest form. This involved deleting most of the traditional museum functions. Libraries and bookstores, meeting rooms and cafes and staff offices were transplanted offsite or given away to other businesses. This allowed a new underground film room and night club to intrude in the basement, and an estranged office and residence to hover over the small exhibition spaces. Second, the massing of these uses needed separate identities. Finally, out of a desire for an open urban expression, the building mass was reduced further to introduce empty floors between uses, and a two meter setback between the building and the next structure on the block. Light and air, infiltrating these intersti tial spaces of the design, emanated towards the street. A concrete structure holds this composi tion together, with steel struts bracing against earthquake forces. A double row of street trees filter the resultant vision, layering the building in the urban context. The subject of this thesis was prompted by a comment by Thom Mayne’s during his visit to UBC in 1993. Mr. Mayne felt that the traditional scope of contemporary architecture could be improved, especially when contrasted to the breadth of issues in the fine arts. This project helped me to investigate the architectural possibilities of institutional expres sion in the urban core.  11  TABLE OF CONTENTS  Abstract  .  .  Table of Contents Acknowledgment  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  Perspective at Front Entry  Perspective in Film Room Looking West Perspective in Film Room Looking East  .  Design Sketch of Building Elevation on Helmken Street Looking South Design Sketch of Homer Elevation.  .  .  .  .  .  Design Sketch of Residence; Helmken Elevation, Section at Balcony Screen Capture of Wavefront Preview Lighting Setup  .  Wavefront Computer Image of Exterior Corner in Daylight Wavefront Computer Image of Exterior Corner at Night  .  .  Wavefront Computer Image of Double Height Exhibition Gallery  .  Wavefront Computer Image of Double Height Exhibition Gallery Detail Photograph Board of the Homer and Helmken Street Corner Site and Immediate Urban Context .  .  .  Photograph Board of the Entry Sequence to the Site Along Homer Street from Pacific Boulevard  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  Photograph of New Yaletown District Urban Massing Model at 1:1000; Photographs of Conceptual Sketch Model with Existing Adjacent Tower, Front and Side Street Elevations .  .  Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context; Showing Homer Street Elevation, Showing Lane Elevation .  .  .  Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context; Showing Helmken Street Elevation, Showing Party Wall Elevation .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  ii iii Vii  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13  14  15  16  111  Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context; Looking Up Helmken from Grade, Looking Down Homer from Grade .  .  Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context, Detail Looking Up Homer from Grade, Detail Looking Down Homer from Grade  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  Photograph of Design Model at 1:100, Disassembled Showing Parts Photographs of Tectonic Detail Model of Corner at 1:10; Full Eight Foot View from Corner, Looking Down from Above .  .  .  .  Photographs of Tectonic Detail Model of Corner at 1:10, Detail Pedestrian View from Corner, Sectional Detail at Beam Connections .  Al  .  .  Site Plan with Street Context and Ground Floor Plan.  A3  Plans; Fourth Floor Plan; Third Floor Plan; Second Floor Plan; Basement Floor Plan.  A5  .  .  .  Cover Sheet; Location Plans; City of Vancouver Planning Guidelines; Project Data; Urban Analysis; Existing Site Uses; Introductory Statement  A2  A4  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  Plans; Roof Plan; Deck Roof Plan; Fifth Floor Plan; Basement Mezzanine Plan Reflected Ceiling Plans; Fourth Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan; Third Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan; Street Level Reflected Ceiling Plan; Basement Reflected Ceiling Plan .  A6  A7  Sections; Longitudinal Looking South; Transverse Through Residence Looking West; Transverse Through Elevator Looking East Elevations; Homer Street Elevation; Lane Elevation  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  A9  Context Street Elevations Helmken North Elevation; Homer East levtion  .  .  .  Helmken Elevation  .  .  .  A8  .  .  17  18 19  20  21  22 23  24 25  26  27 28 29 30 111  o._  AlO Elevation and Details; Museum Entrance Stair Details, Plan Elevation and Section; Party Wall Elevation .  .  .  .  31  .  All Corner Detail; Plan, Reflected Ceiling Plan, Elevations, Section  .  A12 Figure Ground Analysis; Plan; Homer Street Section; Helmken Street Section.  .  .  .  .  .  A13 Analytical Diagrams; Structure; Massing; Natural Light; Plan to Section; Circulation to Use; Grid; Unit to Whole; Operations, Homer Street, Helmken Street; Parti. Detail of A3, Basement Floor Plan and Machine Room Plan with Film Room  32  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  33  34 35  Detail of A4, Basement Mezzanine Floor Plan with Balconies and Projection Booth  .  Detail of A2, Site Plan and Ground Floor Plan with Public Exhibition Galleries  .  .  Detail of A3, Second Floor Plan with Museum Entry and Galleries  .  .  .  .  36 37 38  Detail of A3, Third Floor Plan with Skylight Loft Galleries and Double Height Space  .  Detail of A3, Fourth Floor Plan with Roof Plan of Museum Skylights  39 40  .  .  .  .  .  .  Detail of A4, Deck Roof Plan with Museum Exhibition Roof Deck and Skylight  .  .  Detail of A4, Roof Plan with Elevator Skylight and Trellis.  .  .  .  Detail of A4, Fifth Floor Plan with Open Vestibule, Residence and Office  .  .  .  41 42 43 44  Detail of A5, Basement Reflected Ceiling Plan with Film Room Ceiling and Balconies  .  Detail of A5, Ground Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan with Public Exhibition Galleries  .  Detail of A5, Third Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan with Skylight Loft Galleries  .  .  45 46  Detail of A5, Fourth Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan with Soffit of Fifth Floor and Structure  47  Detail of A6, Longitudinal Section Looking South with Gallery Wall Elevations  48  .  .  Detail of A6, Transverse Section Through Residence and Film Room Looking West  .  Detail of A6, Transverse Section Through Elevator Shaft Looking East.  .  .  .  .  .  Detail of A7, Homer Street Elevation with Steel Earthquake Brace and Context  49 50 51  iv  Detail of A7, Lane Elevation with Steel Earthquake Brace and Context Detail of A7, Helmken Street Elevation with Museum Entry Stair and Context Detail of AlO, Party Wall Elevation with Film Room Entry  .  Detail of A12, Figure Ground Analysis in Location Plan  .  Detail of A12, Figure Ground Site Analysis at Homer Street  .  Detail of A12, Figure Ground Site Analysis at Helmken Street Detail of A13, Structure in Plan, Section and Elevation Detail of A13, Massing. Detail of A13, Natural Light  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  55  59  .  .  .  54  58  60 61 62  .  Detail of A13, Grid in Elevation and Plan, Geometry in Plan  53  57  .  .  52  56  .  .  Detail of A13, Plan to Section: Ito E, Analogous Type Detail of A13, Circulation to Use  .  .  .  63  Detail of A13, Unit to Whole, Additive and Subtractive, Symmetry and Balance, Hierarchy  64  Detail of A13, Operations: Mathematical Derivation of Urban Massing  65  Detail of A13, Parti Diagram.  .  .  .  .  66  V  Detail of A7, Lane Elevation with Steel Earthquake Brace and Context  .  .  Detail of A7, Helmken Sireet Elevation with Museum Entry Stair and Context Detail of AlO, Party Wall Elevation with Film Room Entry  .  Detail of A12, Figure Ground Analysis in Location Plan Detail of A12, Figure Ground Site Analysis at Homer Street Detail of A12, Figure Ground Site Analysis at Helmken Street Detail of A13, Structure in Plan, Section and Elevation Detail of A13, Massing.  .  Detail of A13, Natural Light  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  56 57  .  .  55  .  .  53 54  .  .  Detail of A13, Plan to Section: Ito E, Analogous Type Detail of A13, Circulation to Use  .  52  .  59  .  60 61  .  .  Detail of A13, Grid in Elevation and Plan, Geometry in Plan  58  .  .  .  62 63  Detail of A13, Unit to Whole, Additive and Subtractive, Symmetry and Balance, Hierarchy  64  Detail of A13, Operations: Mathematical Derivation of Urban Massing  65  Detail of A13, Parti Diagram.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  66  vi  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT  I would like to thank my chairperson, Professor Jerzy Wojtowicz for overseeing this project; the members of my committee, Professor Sherry McKay for her historical guidance, Professor Deborah Weiner for her institutional expertise, Professor George Wagner for his theoretical critique; and my AIBC examiner, Graham McGarva, Architect for his urban inspirations. Thank you everyone again for your patient attendance at the four committee meetings and the presentation.  vii  Perspective at Front Entry  :—  d  -  1 p 2 ‘ -  Perspective in Film Room Looking West  Perspective in Film Room Looking East  C:  Design Sketch of Building Elevation on Helmken Street Looking South  it’_ I11LJi1---  Wr  tiL  —  —  -‘  E  ,.  4___  ,  is  Design Sketch of Homer Elevation  1  Design Sketch of Residence; Helmken Elevation, Section at Balcony  I’.  Screen Capture of Wavefront Preview Lighting Setup  Go  Wavefront Computer Image of Exterior Corner in Daylight  I  Wavefront Computer Image of Exterior Corner at Night  Wavefront Computer Image of Double Height Exhibition Gallery  ‘I’ll  Wavefront Computer Image of Double Height Exhibition Gallery Detail  II  I  •  Li —  1  Photograph Board of the Homer and Helmken Street Corner Site and Immediate Urban Context.  I  L’-Y V I [-DV Li LLii_  (J  Photograph Board of the Entry Sequence to the Site Along Homer Street from Pacific Boulevard.  p  Photograph of New Yaletown Disthct Urban Massing Model at 1:1000; Photographs of Conceptual Sketch Model with Existing Adjacent Tower, Front and Side Street Elevations  14  Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context; Showing Homer Street Elevation, Showing Lane Elevation  •  •‘  :  Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context; Showing Helmken Street Elevation, Showing Party Wall Elevation 16  Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context; Looking Up Helmken from Grade, Looking Down Homer from Grade  17  00  I  Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context, Detail Loolcing Up Homer from Grade, Detail Looking Down Homer from Grade  JIi3j  Photograph of Design Model at 1:100, Disassembled Showing Parts  19  ‘1  Photographs of Tectonic Detail Model of Corner at 1:10; Full Eight Foot View from Corner, Looking Down from Above  Photographs of Tectonic Detail Model of Corner at 1:10, Detail Pedestrian View from Corner, Sectional Detail at Beam Connections  —  .  H 1!  “ IiiiijiiII ;I 11  C  O 1  H  JI  1’’ •I’  C’,  huh  iIi it  I’  I!II’’!iI i!!I  I1i  1111111 “I ‘I IIi ii III IIJ I  tT  i’’i1Il II ‘III  ‘I! I I  C’, 0 CD  ‘‘Ill’  CD  l.iJii I i II’. ‘1111  S  ill! ‘91 I IiI II  ;‘1 1.1’ i II  S.  ‘  ht’;If  I-.  CDCD CD CD C)  I  IIPIII‘!III I  11 II  I I ill,  I  23  jjj;jjjjq;j j 1 jil A3  Plans; Fourth Floor Plan; Third Floor Plan; Second Floor Plan; Basement Floor Plan  iiiii9  tIi1I  ii  0  VI  A4  iI’Ii Plans; Roof Plan; Deck Roof Plan; Fifth Floor Plan; Basement Mezzanine Plan  L  r  I.  C  A5  iii  II  .  Reflected Ceiling Plans; Fourth Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan; Third Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan; Street Level Reflected Ceiling Plan; Basement Reflected Ceiling Plan  iIiiIIiiI  ;;  TI1  )  L)  A6  Sections; Longitudinal Looking South; Transverse Through Residence Looking West; Transverse Through Elevator Looking East  00  Al  Elevations; Homer Street Elevation; Lane Elevation  A8  Helmken Elevation  z  C..,  1111111 liii  m  I.I  LLj  0  I-tc  I  0 0  I  .  tTl  T11 flifl 0  I—  AlO Elevation and Details; Museum Entrance Stair Details, Plan Elevation and Section; Party Wall Elevation  L’J  ,--  :  All Corner Detail; Plan, Reflected Ceiling Plan, Elevations, Section  j/  —  1ii __JI’  ,  .11  ‘Li-  1  II  1 VT! I  A12 Figure Ground Analysis; Plan; Homer Street Section; Helmken Street Section  III I !IIOll ii HdIH’ IlL iL  J  liii II I1  A13 Analytical Diagrams; Structure; Massing; Natural Light; Plan to Section; Circulation to Use; Grid; Unit to Whole; Operations, Homer Street, Helmken Street; Parti  OFFICE MUSEUM STORAGE ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM MEDIAWALL  13 14 15 16  Detail of A3, Basement Floor Plan and Machine Room Plan with Film Room  [LH  MECHANICAL ROOM WORKSHOP  GARBAGE ROOM  10 12  ELEVATOR  9 11  OFFICE  8  5  BAR  COATROOM  4  BAR STORE  FILM ROOM  3  7  TICKET BOOTH  2  6  ALLEY ENTRY VESTIBULE  I  0  BULKHEAD BALCONY PROJECTION ROOM MUSEUM STORAGE ELEVATOR SHAFT  2 3 4 5 6  Detail of A4, Basement Mezzanine Floor Plan with Balconies and Projection Booth  OPEN TO BELOW  I  tJ  Detail of A2, Site Plan and Ground Floor Plan with Public Exhibition Galleries  LOADING DOCK AllEY EI.EVATOR PUBLIC WASHROOM  4 5 6  PUBLIC EXHIBITIONS  2 3  SETBACK PUBLIC AREA  1  00  Detail of A3, Second Floor Plan with Museum Entry and Galleries  ENTRY RECEPTION ENTRY GALLERY GALLERY ELEVATOR  1 2 3 4 5  CD C  I  C.)  )  —  z w rnm m  CD  c.  r..  mc -4  -  0  —  (I) -4  .< I  O5  10  10  Detail of A4, Fifth Floor Plan with Open Vestibule, Residence and Office  V  OFFICE STORAGE SIZEMIC BRACE  12 13  BALCONY  10 11  BATHROOM  KITCHEN  7  STORAGE  SLEEPING  6 8  DIIING  5  9  ENTRY VESTIBULE UVING  3  OPEN VESTIBULE  2 4  ELEVATOR  I  7  -  TRELLIS GLAZED SKYLIGHT ROOF ON TRACKS SI-lADE ON TRACKS PLANTER OPEN TO BALCONY BELOW CHIMNEY SIZEMIC BRACE  3 5 6 7 8 9 10  DECK 2 4  ELEVATOR  1  Detail of A4, Deck Roof Plan with Museum Exhibition Roof Deck and Skylight  3  —  CD p..  I’,  0  0 0  C,,  p.,  VI  01  C)  1%)  -  C)m I-  W  <m  m r zo  )  < > -l  0  -4; Co  Co  0 ,,  GARBAGE ROOM MECHANICAL ROOM  5 6  Detail of A5, Basement Reflected Ceiling Plan with Film Room Ceiling and Balconies  MUSEUM STORAGE  OFFICE 4  WORKSHOP  BAR STORE  7  FLM ROOM 2 3  8  ENTRY VESTIBULE I  cL  cc..  CD 0  I CD  C)  O CD  -a.  cr  I C.)  -  = o -uzo  1  Detail of A5, Third Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan with Skylight Loft Galleries  DUCTWORK NEON OPEN SKYUGHT  3 5  LIGHT TRACK 2 4  UNDERSIDE OF BEAMS  1  METAL SOFFIT CANTEUVERED BALCONY ELECTRONIC SCREEN SIZEMICBRAGE  2 3 4 5  Detail of A5, Fourth Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan with Soffit of Fifth Floor and Structure  4  UNDERSIDE OF BEAMS  1  00  -  I  Detail of A6, Longitudinal Section Looking South with Gallery Wall Elevations  i !I  ENTRY VESTUULE OFFICE ROOFDEK  15 16  OPEN VESTIBULE  12  RESIDENCE  GLAZEDSKYLIGHT  11  14  ELEVATOR  10  13  MUSEUM STORAGE  GALLERY  WORKSHOP  7 8  MECHANICAl. ROOM  6  9  PROJECTION BOOTH GARBAGEROOM  MEDL WAll.  3 5  FILM ROOM  2 4  PUBLIC EXHIBITIONS  1  .3  Detail of A6, Transverse Section Through Residence and Film Room Looking West  L.  S  oc  CD  0  CD CD Cl) CD 0  0  cr CD  Tc  CD  0  V  -a  0 CD  b-i  C,, CD  -p  rn  CD  Ct, -p CD CD I  tn pa  C  CD p-i  CD  CD 0  -p  l.a  LA t%)  JUL  Detail of Al, Lane Elevation with Steel Earthquake Brace and Context  C  ..  ..  /-  -  :  ‘i’  4.  .  C  j.  01:  I  CD  .i. I-. F I”  -  •1  -f  I.  \ 4 t  0  it  /:  144  if t  -,--jI lul,  ll .  1I  I  C  p  H$. I  “.4  ILl!  I  A  I  I  A  Detail of AlO, Party Wall Elevation with Film Room Entry  U’  I  Detail of A12, Figure Ground Analysis in Location Plan  L’MLTON  HOMER  RCK’RDS  MAIPLAND  -  I.)’  Detail of A12, Figure Ground Site Analysis at Homer Street  HOlIER STREET SECTION  I,  U’  Detail of A12, Figure Ground Site Analysis at Helmken Street  HaMK9I STREET$ET,  —I  1  00  STJCRIE  Detail of A13, Structure in Plan, Section and Elevation  \  JI  Detail of A13, Massing  C  Detail of A13, Natural Light  PLAN TOSECflON  —  L  =r a  ET JO J  Detail of A13, Plan to Section: Ito E, Analogous Type  61  CmCuLATIONTO USE  Detail of A13, Circulation to Use  62  I  C  C)  0  0  UNIT TO WHOLE  I  II  .1  iJ[:1j  0  0  0  0  1  AOVE AND SUSTRACTWE  ;‘: .-  -  SYWAETRY AND BALANcE I I  I  II  /  r—  II  I I  +  ii  F  ‘  ,,  HIERARCHY  •‘ ;  & -,  ---S  Detail of A13, Unit to Whole, Additive and Subtractive, Symmetry and Balance, Hierarchy  64  U’  •  m  El  0  Detail of A13, Operations: Mathematical Derivati on of Urban Massing  sWM  Wlfl1  —  4  3  Detail of A 13, Parti Diagram  66  

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