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A Museum of Contemporary Architecture in new Yaletown, Vancouver Erickson, Gary G. 1994

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A MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTUREIN NEW YALETOWN,VANCOUVERbyGARY G. ERICKSONB. F. A., Concordia University, 1979A THESIS SUBMflTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OFTHE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OFMASTER OF ARCHITECTUREinThE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIESSchool of ArchitectureWe accept this thesis as conforming to the required standardThE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIAOctober 1994© Gary G. Erickson, 1994In presenting this thesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for an advanceddegree at the University of British Columbia, I agree that the Ubrary shall make itfreely available for reference and study. I further agree that permission for extensivecopying of this thesis for scholarly purposes may be granted by the head of mydepartment or by his or her representatives. It is understood that copying orpublication of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without my writtenpermission.(Signature)S*fvo-DenLuL__The University of British ColumbiaVancouver. CanadaDate____________DE-6 (2188)ABSTRACTThis thesis project, a Museum of Contemporary Architecture in Vancouver, offers solutions to architectural design problems resulting from the placement of an institutional use, themuseum, within the social and physical framework of the city. The emphasis of this project is tointegrate two polar opposites. On one hand resides the bureaucratic elite of a cultural institution:the curatorial machinery of contemporary architecture. On the other hand are the contradictoryforces of the city: the wandering of the diverse population through the site, the intrusion of otheruses within the body of the building, and the shifting of museum uses onto adjacentnoninstitutional structures.The method of research has been through a three month iterative process of reading, drawing and modelling, following consultation with the thesis committee. Represented here is thethird version of the project, in it’s most resolved form. For a record of the thesis preparation,please see the design study, directed by Professor Sherry McKay, held in the Architecture Reading Room.The conclusions of this thesis project resulted from aggressive reworkings. First, the usesof the building were interrogated and then condensed into their simplest form. This involveddeleting most of the traditional museum functions. Libraries and bookstores, meeting rooms andcafes and staff offices were transplanted offsite or given away to other businesses. This alloweda new underground film room and night club to intrude in the basement, and an estranged officeand residence to hover over the small exhibition spaces. Second, the massing of these usesneeded separate identities. Finally, out of a desire for an open urban expression, the buildingmass was reduced further to introduce empty floors between uses, and a two meter setbackbetween the building and the next structure on the block. Light and air, infiltrating these interstitial spaces of the design, emanated towards the street. A concrete structure holds this composition together, with steel struts bracing against earthquake forces. A double row of street treesfilter the resultant vision, layering the building in the urban context.The subject of this thesis was prompted by a comment by Thom Mayne’s during his visitto UBC in 1993. Mr. Mayne felt that the traditional scope of contemporary architecture could beimproved, especially when contrasted to the breadth of issues in the fine arts.This project helped me to investigate the architectural possibilities of institutional expression in the urban core.11TABLE OF CONTENTSAbstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iiTable of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . iiiAcknowledgment . . . . . . . . . . . . ViiPerspective at Front Entry . . . . . . . . . 1Perspective in Film Room Looking West . . . . . . . . 2Perspective in Film Room Looking East . . . . . . . . . 3Design Sketch of Building Elevation on Helmken Street Looking South . . . 4Design Sketch of Homer Elevation. . . . . . . . . . 5Design Sketch of Residence; Helmken Elevation, Section at Balcony . . . . 6Screen Capture of Wavefront Preview Lighting Setup . . . . . . 7Wavefront Computer Image of Exterior Corner in Daylight . . . . . 8Wavefront Computer Image of Exterior Corner at Night . . . . . 9Wavefront Computer Image of Double Height Exhibition Gallery . . . . 10Wavefront Computer Image of Double Height Exhibition Gallery Detail . . . 11Photograph Board of the Homer and Helmken Street Corner Siteand Immediate Urban Context . . . . . . . . . . 12Photograph Board of the Entry Sequence to the SiteAlong Homer Street from Pacific Boulevard . . . . . . . 13Photograph of New Yaletown District Urban Massing Model at 1:1000;Photographs of Conceptual Sketch Model with Existing Adjacent Tower,Front and Side Street Elevations . . . . . . . . . 14Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context;Showing Homer Street Elevation,Showing Lane Elevation . . . . . . . . . . 15Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context;Showing Helmken Street Elevation,Showing Party Wall Elevation . . . . . . . . . 16 111Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context;Looking Up Helmken from Grade,Looking Down Homer from Grade . . . . . . . 17Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context,Detail Looking Up Homer from Grade,Detail Looking Down Homer from Grade . . . . . . 18Photograph ofDesign Model at 1:100, Disassembled Showing Parts . . . 19Photographs of Tectonic Detail Model of Corner at 1:10;Full Eight Foot View from Corner,Looking Down from Above . . . . . . . . . 20Photographs of Tectonic Detail Model of Corner at 1:10,Detail Pedestrian View from Corner,Sectional Detail at Beam Connections . . . . . . . 21Al Cover Sheet;Location Plans; City of Vancouver Planning Guidelines; Project Data;Urban Analysis; Existing Site Uses; Introductory Statement . . . . 22A2 Site Plan with Street Context and Ground Floor Plan. . . . . . 23A3 Plans;Fourth Floor Plan; Third Floor Plan;Second Floor Plan; Basement Floor Plan. . . . . . . . 24A4 Plans;Roof Plan; Deck Roof Plan; Fifth Floor Plan; Basement Mezzanine Plan . 25A5 Reflected Ceiling Plans;Fourth Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan; Third Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan;Street Level Reflected Ceiling Plan; Basement Reflected Ceiling Plan . . . 26A6 Sections;Longitudinal Looking South; Transverse Through Residence Looking West;Transverse Through Elevator Looking East . . . . . . . 27A7 Elevations;Homer Street Elevation; Lane Elevation . . . . . . . . 28A8 Helmken Elevation . . . . . . . . . . . 29A9 Context Street ElevationsHelmken North Elevation; Homer East levtion . . . . 30111 o._AlO Elevation and Details;Museum Entrance Stair Details, Plan Elevation and Section;Party Wall Elevation . . . . . 31All Corner Detail;Plan, Reflected Ceiling Plan, Elevations, Section . . . . . 32A12 Figure Ground Analysis;Plan; Homer Street Section; Helmken Street Section. . . . . . 33A13 Analytical Diagrams;Structure; Massing; Natural Light; Plan to Section; Circulation to Use;Grid; Unit to Whole; Operations, Homer Street, Helmken Street; Parti. . . 34Detail of A3, Basement Floor Plan and Machine Room Plan with Film Room . . 35Detail of A4, Basement Mezzanine Floor Plan with Balconies and Projection Booth . 36Detail of A2, Site Plan and Ground Floor Plan with Public Exhibition Galleries . . 37Detail of A3, Second Floor Plan with Museum Entry and Galleries . . . . 38Detail of A3, Third Floor Plan with Skylight Loft Galleries and Double Height Space . 39Detail of A3, Fourth Floor Plan with Roof Plan of Museum Skylights . . . . 40Detail of A4, Fifth Floor Plan with Open Vestibule, Residence and Office . . . 41Detail of A4, Deck Roof Plan with Museum Exhibition Roof Deck and Skylight . . 42Detail of A4, Roof Plan with Elevator Skylight and Trellis. . . . . . 43Detail of A5, Basement Reflected Ceiling Plan with Film Room Ceiling and Balconies . 44Detail of A5, Ground Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan with Public Exhibition Galleries . 45Detail of A5, Third Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan with Skylight Loft Galleries . . 46Detail of A5, Fourth Floor Reflected Ceiling Plan with Soffit of Fifth Floor and Structure 47Detail of A6, Longitudinal Section Looking South with Gallery Wall Elevations . . 48Detail of A6, Transverse Section Through Residence and Film Room Looking West . 49Detail of A6, Transverse Section Through Elevator Shaft Looking East. . . . 50Detail of A7, Homer Street Elevation with Steel Earthquake Brace and Context . . 51 ivDetail of A7, Lane Elevation with Steel Earthquake Brace and Context . . 52Detail of A7, Helmken Street Elevation with Museum Entry Stair and Context . . 53Detail of AlO, Party Wall Elevation with Film Room Entry . . . 54Detail of A12, Figure Ground Analysis in Location Plan . . . . 55Detail of A12, Figure Ground Site Analysis at Homer Street . . 56Detail of A12, Figure Ground Site Analysis at Helmken Street . . 57Detail of A13, Structure in Plan, Section and Elevation . . . 58Detail of A13, Massing. . . . . 59Detail of A13, Natural Light . . . . . . . . . 60Detail of A13, Plan to Section: Ito E, Analogous Type . . . 61Detail of A13, Circulation to Use . . . . 62Detail of A13, Grid in Elevation and Plan, Geometry in Plan . . . 63Detail of A13, Unit to Whole, Additive and Subtractive, Symmetry and Balance, Hierarchy 64Detail of A13, Operations: Mathematical Derivation of Urban Massing 65Detail of A13, Parti Diagram. . . . . 66VDetail of A7, Lane Elevation with Steel Earthquake Brace and Context . . 52Detail of A7, Helmken Sireet Elevation with Museum Entry Stair and Context . 53Detail of AlO, Party Wall Elevation with Film Room Entry . . 54Detail of A12, Figure Ground Analysis in Location Plan . . . . 55Detail of A12, Figure Ground Site Analysis at Homer Street . . . . 56Detail of A12, Figure Ground Site Analysis at Helmken Street . . 57Detail of A13, Structure in Plan, Section and Elevation . . . 58Detail of A13, Massing. . . . . . . 59Detail of A13, Natural Light . . . . . 60Detail of A13, Plan to Section: Ito E, Analogous Type . . 61Detail of A13, Circulation to Use . . . . . . 62Detail of A13, Grid in Elevation and Plan, Geometry in Plan . . 63Detail of A13, Unit to Whole, Additive and Subtractive, Symmetry and Balance, Hierarchy 64Detail of A13, Operations: Mathematical Derivation of Urban Massing . . 65Detail of A13, Parti Diagram. . . . . . 66viACKNOWLEDGEMENTI would like to thank my chairperson, Professor Jerzy Wojtowicz for overseeing thisproject; the members of my committee, Professor Sherry McKay for her historical guidance,Professor Deborah Weiner for her institutional expertise, Professor George Wagner for histheoretical critique; and my AIBC examiner, Graham McGarva, Architect for his urbaninspirations.Thank you everyone again for your patient attendance at the four committee meetings andthe presentation.vii-d1‘-2-p:—PerspectiveatFrontEntryPerspectiveinFilmRoomLookingWestPerspectiveinFilmRoomLookingEastC:DesignSketchofBuildingElevationonHelmkenStreetLookingSouthit’_I11LJi1---Wr —tiL — -‘E,., 14___ isDesign Sketch of Homer ElevationDesignSketchofResidence;HelmkenElevation,SectionatBalconyI’.ScreenCaptureofWavefrontPreviewLightingSetupGoWavefrontComputerImageofExteriorCornerinDaylightIWavefrontComputerImageofExteriorCorneratNight‘I’llWavefrontComputerImageofDoubleHeightExhibitionGalleryWavefrontComputerImageofDoubleHeightExhibitionGalleryDetailI IPhotographBoardoftheHomerandHelmkenStreetCornerSiteandImmediateUrbanContext.L’-YVI[-DVLiLiLLii_I•I—1PhotographBoardoftheEntrySequencetotheSiteAlongHomerStreetfromPacificBoulevard.p(JPhotograph of New Yaletown Disthct Urban Massing Model at 1:1000;Photographs of Conceptual Sketch Model with Existing Adjacent Tower,Front and Side Street Elevations14PhotographsofDesignModelat1:100withContext;ShowingHomerStreetElevation,ShowingLaneElevation••‘:Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context;Showing Helmken Street Elevation,Showing Party Wall Elevation16Photographs of Design Model at 1:100 with Context;Looking Up Helmken from Grade,Looking Down Homer from Grade 17PhotographsofDesignModelat1:100withContext,DetailLoolcingUpHomerfromGrade,DetailLookingDownHomerfromGradeI00Photograph of Design Model at 1:100, Disassembled Showing PartsJIi3j19PhotographsofTectonicDetailModelofCornerat1:10;FullEightFootViewfromCorner,LookingDownfromAbove‘1PhotographsofTectonicDetailModelofCornerat1:10,DetailPedestrianViewfromCorner,SectionalDetailatBeamConnectionsH1!HJIOIiiiijiiII“ Chuh;I11iIiitI’ —.1C’,1’’•I’I!II’’!iII1i1111111i!!I “I ii‘ItTIIiIIIIIJIi’’i1IlII‘III C’,‘I!II 0‘‘Ill’CDCDl.iJiiIII’.i‘1111Sill!‘91IIIiII;‘11.1’i‘IIS.ht’;If I-.CDCDCDCDC)I‘!IIIIIIPIIIIIill,11III23jjj;jjjjq;j1jilA3Plans;FourthFloorPlan;ThirdFloorPlan;SecondFloorPlan;Basement FloorPlaniiiii9tIi1Iii 0r LiI’IiCA4Plans;RoofPlan;DeckRoofPlan;FifthFloorPlan;BasementMezzaninePlanI.VITI1._______;;iIiiIIiiIiiiII)A5ReflectedCeilingPlans;FourthFloorReflectedCeilingPlan;ThirdFloorReflectedCeilingPlan;StreetLevelReflectedCeilingPlan;BasementReflectedCeilingPlanA6Sections;LongitudinalLookingSouth;TransverseThroughResidenceLookingWest;TransverseThroughElevatorLookingEastL)AlElevations;HomerStreet Elevation;LaneElevation00A8HelmkenElevation1111111liiiI.IC..,z0I-tc.00tTl0mLLjIIT11fliflI—AlOElevationandDetails;MuseumEntranceStairDetails,PlanElevationandSection;PartyWallElevationAllCornerDetail;Plan,ReflectedCeilingPlan,Elevations,Sectionj/,--:.11—,1ii1__JI’‘Li-L’JA12FigureGroundAnalysis;Plan;HomerStreetSection;HelmkenStreetSectionI1III____iiHdIH’IlLVT!I!IIOll1______liiiJIIIIIiLA13AnalyticalDiagrams;Structure;Massing;NaturalLight;PlantoSection;CirculationtoUse;Grid;UnittoWhole;Operations,HomerStreet,HelmkenStreet;PartiIALLEY2ENTRYVESTIBULE3TICKETBOOTH4FILMROOM5COATROOM6BAR7BARSTORE8OFFICE9ELEVATOR10GARBAGEROOM11MECHANICALROOM12WORKSHOP13OFFICE14MUSEUMSTORAGE15ELEVATORMACHINEROOM16MEDIAWALL_[LHDetailofA3,BasementFloorPlanandMachineRoomPlanwithFilmRoomIOPENTOBELOW2BULKHEAD3BALCONY4PROJECTIONROOM5MUSEUMSTORAGE6ELEVATORSHAFTDetailofA4,BasementMezzanineFloorPlanwithBalconiesandProjectionBooth0DetailofA2,SitePlanandGroundFloorPlanwithPublicExhibitionGalleries1SETBACKPUBLICAREA2PUBLICEXHIBITIONS3LOADINGDOCK4AllEY5EI.EVATOR6PUBLICWASHROOMtJDetailofA3,SecondFloorPlanwithMuseumEntryandGalleries1ENTRY2RECEPTION3ENTRYGALLERY4GALLERY5ELEVATOR00CDCIzw rnmmC.))—CDc.r..-mc0-4—(I).<-4IO510DetailofA4,FifthFloorPlanwithOpenVestibule,ResidenceandOfficeIELEVATOR2OPENVESTIBULE3ENTRYVESTIBULE4UVING5DIIING6SLEEPING7KITCHEN8BATHROOM9STORAGE10BALCONY1011OFFICE12STORAGE13SIZEMICBRACE___V—-1ELEVATOR2DECK3TRELLIS4GLAZEDSKYLIGHT5ROOFONTRACKS6SI-lADEONTRACKS7PLANTER8OPENTOBALCONYBELOW79CHIMNEY10SIZEMICBRACE3DetailofA4,DeckRoofPlanwithMuseumExhibitionRoofDeckandSkylightCDp..000C,,p.,01C)1%)-C)mI-W)<<m> mr-lzo0 -4;CoCo0,,I’,VIIENTRYVESTIBULE2FLMROOM3BARSTORE4OFFICE5GARBAGEROOM6MECHANICALROOM7WORKSHOP8MUSEUMSTORAGEDetailofA5,BasementReflectedCeilingPlanwithFilmRoomCeilingandBalconiescLCD0ICDC)OCD-a.crIo= -uzo1cc..C.)-1UNDERSIDEOFBEAMS2LIGHTTRACK3DUCTWORK4NEON5OPENSKYUGHTDetailofA5,ThirdFloorReflectedCeilingPlanwithSkylight LoftGalleries1UNDERSIDEOFBEAMS2METALSOFFIT3CANTEUVEREDBALCONY4ELECTRONICSCREEN5SIZEMICBRAGEDetailofA5,FourthFloorReflectedCeilingPlanwithSoffitofFifthFloorandStructure41PUBLICEXHIBITIONS2FILMROOM3MEDLWAll.4PROJECTIONBOOTH5GARBAGEROOM6MECHANICAl.ROOM7WORKSHOP8MUSEUMSTORAGE9GALLERY10ELEVATOR11GLAZEDSKYLIGHT12OPENVESTIBULE13ENTRYVESTUULE14RESIDENCE15OFFICE16ROOFDEKii!I-__IIDetailofA6,LongitudinalSectionLookingSouthwithGalleryWallElevations00L.S.3DetailofA6,TransverseSectionThroughResidenceandFilmRoomLookingWestocCD0CDCDCl)CD00crCDTcCD0-a0CDb-iC,,CD-prnCDCt,-pCDCDItnpaCCDp-iCDCD0-pVl.aDetailofAl,LaneElevationwithSteel EarthquakeBraceandContextCJULLA t%)..-../-:‘i’4..Cif01:Ij.t-,--jIlul,llI-.FI”•1.i..I.C1IIp/: t4\144H$. 0CDit--f“.4IILl!AIIIADetailofAlO,PartyWallElevationwithFilmRoomEntry-RCK’RDSIDetailofA12, FigureGroundAnalysisinLocationPlanHOMERL’MLTONMAIPLANDU’I.)’HOlIERSTREETSECTIONDetailofA12,FigureGroundSiteAnalysisatHomerStreetI,HaMK9ISTREET$ET,DetailofA12, FigureGroundSiteAnalysisatHelmkenStreet___—I1U’STJCRIE\DetailofA13,StructureinPlan,SectionandElevationJI00DetailofA13,MassingCDetailofA13,NaturalLightDetail of A13, Plan to Section: Ito E, Analogous Type 61PLAN TOSECflON—La=rETJOJCmCuLATIONTO USEDetail of A13, Circulation to Use 620 0 C) C IUNIT TO WHOLE;‘:.-- SYWAETRY AND BALANcEI II IHIERARCHYI/r— ‘II +•‘;&-,---S64I II .1iJ[:1jAOVE AND SUSTRACTWE0 0 0 0 1IIiiF,,Detail of A13, Unit to Whole, Additive and Subtractive, Symmetry and Balance, Hierarchy0•ElWlfl1sWMmDetailofA13,Operations:MathematicalDerivationofUrbanMassingU’—4__3_ _ _ _I__Detail of A 13, Parti Diagram 66

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