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Frank Lloyd Wright : before and after 1905 : Exploration of formal design analysis in the interactive… Oki, Yoriko 1996

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Frank Lloyd Wright: before and after 1905 - Exploration of formal design analysis in the interactive multimedia environment by  Yoriko Oki B . E . , The University of Tokyo, 1987  A  Master  thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of  o f Advanced  Studies  in  Architecture in  The  Faculty of Graduate Studies School of Architecture Thesis Committee:  Dr. Jerzy Wojtowicz (Chair) Dr. Ricki Goldman-Segall Dr. Sherry McKay  as conforming  We accept this thesis to the required standard  The University of British Columbia A p r i l 1996 Copyright  Yoriko  O k i , 1996  In  presenting  degree freely  at  this  the  thesis  in  partial  fulfilment  University  of  British  Columbia, I agree  available for  copying  of  department publication  this or of  reference and study.  thesis by  this  for  his thesis  scholarly  or for  her  of  AwJ/J T e c 1 " U X/-P,  The University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada  DE-6  (2/88)  may  representatives.  financial  the  requirements that the  I further agree  purposes  permission.  Department  of  It  gain shall not  be is  that  Library  an  advanced  shall make  permission for  granted  by  understood be  for  allowed  the  extensive  head  that without  it  of  my  copying  or  my  written  Abstract The purpose architectural usefulness project  design in  this  is the  particularly made  o f this thesis analysis category  study  their  is to i n t e g r a t e and  Lloyd  differences  Houses  The  designed  original  between  drawings  a n d o r g a n i z e d as a database, C A D system,  the  and  The difference  studied.  examined  drawings  against  other  Wright's  Prairie  Houses:  after  also u t i l i z e d  the  data  was  addition, were  3-D modeling  selected  using  was  This  digital  this  when  Wright  consists  of t h e  1910. into  the  computer  Library." houses  i n these  With  were  was  Library."  measurements  in a spreadsheet animation  for  the  traced  examples  "The Reference  to a c q u i r e  organized  and  corpus  and  recognized  The C A D system design.  1905,  "The Reference  houses  computer's of  scanned  o f ten  in  vehicle  1901  were  the  use  The  h i s first trip to J a p a n . T h e r e s e a r c h  Prairie  file.  in I n  two  houses  it w a s  found  undertaken. A s a result  that  verify  of research.  of Frank  design  to  computer  changes  greater  o f the  study  in Wright's  design  sense o f c o n n e c t i o n w a s  connection  between  the  described occurred observed  indoor  and  above,  in many within outdoor  the  aspects. house. space  A The was  ii  increased was  both  visually  transformed  provide  greater  afforded,  As  have  undertaken aspects  of  the  final  this  while  flexibility  in arranging  addition,  Video  clips  Throughout  cases,  many  research  methods.  individually  offered  was in  found  future  very  were  is  the  components.  In  allowed  design  dynamic  changes and  formal  the from use  useful  can  the  readers.  showed  of computer and  publication  publication  computer  apart  Various  experimented  publishers  increased  choices  E a c h aspect  was  publication  i n architectural  me new  publication  environment.  clips  the  computer  the  individual  sound  thesis,  designs with  conventional  all — writers,  this  the  and  thesis  for  earlier  its  computer  linking  changes  architecture.  format  o f the  design  his  thesis,  some  expression  common  multimedia  and  potential  research  this  this  multimedia  tradition  In  Japanese  of  and  Thus,  and  in  retaining  A characteristic  usefulness  something  publication  methods.  publication  than  interactive new  dynamic. These  fluidity,  stage  still  presentation.  to  traditional  i n an  of  stable  spatial  and  characteristics  with,  from  and p h y s i c a l l y . T h e e x t e r i o r  its  analysis.  efficiency  of  conventional examined be  in  utilized  research.  iii  Table of Contents Abstract  ii  Table of Contents  iv  Equipment  v  Requirement  How to use this application  vi  Acknowledgments  viii  Bibliography -1 Frank Lloyd Wright and Japanese Architecture  1  -2 Computer and Multimedia  5  iv  Equipment  Requirement  To run this application, you must have the following. - A Mac OS-based computer  with a Motorola 68020,  68030, 68040, or Power PC 601, 603, or 604 processor - A minimum of 5 MB of available RAM - A CD-ROM drive - Version 7.1 or later of Mac OS system software - System extension, QuickTime 2.1 - System extension, SoundManager 3.1  Due to a technical problem in the upgrade of Apple Media Tool (Apple Inc.) from 1.2 to 2.0, The Library - Search Function is not integrated with the THESIS file. To use this function, open the LIBRARY_SEARCH file.  V  How to use this application 1 Make sure that your computer fulfills all the requirements listed on the previous page. 2 Insert the CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive. 3 The FLW_1905 folder will automatically open on the desktop. 4 To open the thesis project, double-click on the THESIS icon. To  open  the  Search  Function,  double-click  on  the  LIBRARY_SEARCH icon. 5 To quit these files, press the Apple and Q keys at the same time in any screen. 6  When  you  automatically  open  the  THESIS  file,  the  screens  will  scroll until you will reach "About This Thesis  1/5." (You can check your location with the title bar which is at the top of the screen.) 7 From "About This Thesis 1/5," you can choose the route when going through the publication. If you are not familiar with this  type  of publication, it is recommended  "Tour." The  "Tour" will  show  you  the  to take  essence  of  the this  publication and help you to get accustomed to the interface. To join the "Tour," click on the "Tour" button at the bottom of  vi  the screen. A f t e r the T o u r , y o u w i l l c o m e b a c k to " A b o u t T h i s Thesis  1/5."  8 T h e L I B R A R Y _ S E A R C H file a l l o w s y o u to s e a r c h a c c o r d i n g to y o u r the  Computer  When the each  For more  in This Thesis  y o u type  keywords  interest.  i n the  exactly  - The  keywords,  from  the  details,  see  Reference make  the  sure  materials  "The Role o f Library  that  list. T y p e i n a space  you  3/3." copy  between  keyword.  vii  Acknowledgments Most parents,  of all I would  Michinori  and  like  Fusae  to e x p r e s s O k i who  my  gratitude  supported  me  to m y in  many  ways. The  Rotary  opportunity Most  to  notably,  Foundation  study the  and M r s . J o h n  the  Fraser  help  the  assistance  The Library without  at  was  Search  International University from  gave  me  of British  my  Rotary  the  Columbia.  Counselors,  Dr.  indispensable. Function  could  o f Joost H o u w e n , the  not  have  Systems  been  Manager  done at  the  Computational Design Lab., School of Architecture, U B C . He also offered  me  various  other  Dr. Sherry M c K a y proof  reading Dr.  Masami  photographs source  for me.  me  Dr. Christine interviews done  for  with her  not  gave  me  Lloyd  Wright.  gave  Japanese  in  patience.  photocopies This  of  the  interesting  me  the  recordings  architects,  which  of  had  her been  dissertation. l i k e to t h a n k  Elzbieta  have  their  time  information and i n s p i r a t i o n .  many  Finally, I would  could  Frank  Bruckner  doctoral  of A r c h i t e c t u r e ,  I really appreciate  by  much  supports.  a n d H a r v e y C h e u n g spent m u c h  Tanigawa  taken  gave  technical  been  Zielinska done  to m y and  colleagues  Simon  without  at  Lee. This their  help  School project and  encouragement.  viii  Bibliography-1 Frank  Lloyd  Wright  and  Japanese  Architecture  Architecture Institute o f Japan. A B o o k o f Japanese T r a d i t i o n a l A r c h i t e c t u r e . T o k y o : Shokoku-sha Press, 1985. Benevolo, Leonard. History of M a s s : M I T Press, 1971.  Modern  Architecture.  Cambridge,  B l a k e , Peter. T h e M a s t e r B u i l d e r s - L e C o r b u s i e r . M i e s V a n D e r R o h e and F . L . W r i g h t . N e w Y o r k , L o n d o n : W . W . N o r t o n & Company, 1976. Burnham, the  Alan, N e w Y o r k Landmarks. Middletown, W e s l e y a n U n i v e r s i t y Press, 1963.  Connecticut:  Connors, Joseph. The Robie House of Frank L l o y d Wright. C h i c a g o , L o n d o n : T h e U n i v e r s i t y o f C h i c a g o P r e s s , 1984. D h o i , D o n . " J a p a n i s m and the w o r k o f R a l p h H a m , G r e e n & Green and Frank L l o y d W r i g h t , " D e s i g n B o o k R e v i e w 2 9 / 3 0 , p p 83 - 87. B e r k e l e y , 1 9 9 3 . Dow,  A r t h u r , C o m p o s i t i o n . N e w Y o r k : d o u b l e d a y , P a g e and C o . , 1913  Frampton, Kenneth. M o d e r n Architecture. N e w York, London: T h a m e s and H u d s o n , 1992. Frank  Lloyd  Wright  the  Early Works. New York: Bram  House,  ND. Futagawa, Y u k i o and Pfeiffer, B r u c e B r o o k s . F r a n k L l o y d W r i g h t M o n o g r a p h V o l . 1 - 3. T o k y o : A . D . A . E d i t a T o k y o , 1984 1988. Futagawa, Y u k i o & M a r l i n , W i l l i a m . G A Frank  Lloyd  Wright  H o u s e s i n O a k P a r k and R i v e r F o r e s t . T o k y o : A . D . A . E d i t a Tokyo,  1973.  1  edited  by Hanzawa, Grafica).  Masatoki. Yokohama  Y o k o h a m a , Japan:  Ehagaki  Yurin-do,  (Yokohama  1988.  H a s h i m o t o , F u m i o , A r c h i t e c t u r e i n the S h o i n S t y l e . T o k y o , N e w Y o r k , and San F r a n c i s c o : K o d a n s h a International and Shibundo, 1981 H i t c h c o c k , H e n r y - R u s s e l l . I n the N a t u r e D u e l l , S l o a n and P e a r c e , 1 9 4 2 .  of Materials. New York:  H o p t m a n , G l e n . "The v i r t u a l m u s e u m and related epistemological concerns," S o c i o m e d i a : multimedia, h y p e r m e d i a a n d the s o c i a l c o n s t r u c t i o n o f k n o w l e d g e , 141 - 159. C a m b r i d g e , M a s s : M I T P r e s s , 1 9 9 2 .  pp  K e i t h , Henrietta P . "The trail o f Japanese influence i n our modern domestic architecture," T H E C R A F T S M A N July 1907, pp 4 4 6 - 4 5 1 Knight, Terry. "Designing with grammars," I n t e r n a t i o n a l C o n f e r e n c e for C o m p u t e r A i d e d A r c h i t e c t u r a l D e s i g n , pp 33 - 4 7 . B r a u n s c h w e i g , W i e s b a a d e n , G e r m a n y : F r i e d r . V i e w e g & Sohn Verlagsgesellshaft mbH,1992. edited by K o n i s h i , Shirou and O k a , H i d e y u k i . H y a k u - n e n mae n o N i p p o n ( J a p a n a H u n d r e d y e a r s ago, P e a b o d y M u s e u m of Salem E . S . Morse Collection/Photography). T o k y o , Japan: Shogaku-kan, 1983. K o u j i r o , Y u i c h i r o , N i h o n k e n c h i k u no b i , T o k y o : Inoue S h o i n , 1967 Kurokawa, Kisho, Rediscovering Tokyo: Manson,  Joh  Grant  Weatherhill,  Carpenter.  Frank  Japanese  Lloyd  York: Reinhold Publishing Co., Moffatt, Frederick C , Arthur W e s l e y Washington:  Smithonian  M o r s e , E d w a r d S. J a p a n e s e York:  W r i g h t to  Dow  and  Inc.,  1910. N e w  1958.  Institution  Homes  Dover Publications,  Spance. N e w Y o r k ,  1988  (1857 Press,  Their  1961  -  1922). 1977  Surroundings.  New  (republication).  2  Nute, K e v i n . Frank Nostrand  Lloyd  W r i g h t and  Reinhold,  Japan. N e w Y o r k : V a n  1993.  O k a k u r a , T e n s h i n . T o y o no r i s o ( T h e Ideal o f the E a s t ) . T o k y o : R i k u g e i - s h a , 1939 (republication). S c u l l y , V i n c e n t Jr. F r a n k L l o y d V r a z i l l e r Inc., 1960.  Wright. New York:  George  S h a r n d , M o r t o n . " S c e n a r i o for a H u m a n D r a m a , " A r c h i t e c t u r a l R e v i e w V o l . 7 7 , F e b r u a r y 1935, p p 61 - 64, L o n d o n , 1935. S p r a g u e , P a u l E . G u i d e to F r a n k L l o y d W r i g h t a n d P r a i r i e S c h o o l A r c h i t e c t u r e i n O a k P a r k . O a k P a r k , I l l i n o i s , 1982 S z a r k o w s k i , John. T h e Idea o f L o u i s S u l l i v a n . M i n n e a p o l i s : U n i v e r s i t y o f M i n n e s o t a P r e s s , 1956. Takizawa, Kenji, Sumai 1982  no  meian. T o k y o : C h u u o u K o u r o n Sha,  Tanigawa,  M a s a m i . R a i t o to N i h o n . T o k y o : K a j i m a P r e s s ,  Tanigawa,  M a s a m i . N i h o n no k e n c h i k u . M e i j i . T a i s h o .  v o l . 9 - R a i t o no i s a n (Japanese A r c h i t e c t u r e Taisho  and  Tokyo:  Showa  Era vol.9 - Wright's  in  Showa Meiji,  achievement).  Sansei-do,1980.  T a n i g a w a , M a s a m i . " W i g h t ' s first v i s i t to J a p a n , " J I A district  1977.  J o u r n a l . T o be p u b l i s h e d i n  Chugoku  1995.  Wimde Wit. Louis Sullivan. New York, London: W . W.Norton &company, 1986. Wright, Frank Raeburn),  Lloyd Frank  (selected by Edgar Lloyd  N e w Y o r k , L o n d o n and American  Library,  Kaufmann  and  Ben  W r i g h t W r i t i n g s and B u i l d i n g s .  Scarborough, O n t a r i o : N e w  1960  Wright, Flank L l o y d , Architecture  - M a n in Possession  E a r t h . Gardencity, N e w York: Doubleday  of  his  & Company,  1962  3  Wright, F l a n k L l o y d (edited by Frederick Gutheim), In the Cause of Architecture. N e w Y o r k : Architectural Record, 1975 Studies and Executed B u i l d i n g s by Frank L l o y d Wright. Palos Park, Illinois: The Prairie S c h o o l Press 1975  4  Bibliography-2 Computer Davis, B e n . "Prototyping  multimedia  and  Multimedia  : lessons from  the  v i s u a l c o m p u t i n g g r o u p at p r o j e c t A t h e n a C e n t e r f o r educational computing initiative," S o c i o m e d i a : m u l t i m e d i a , h y p e r m e d i a a n d the s o c i a l c o n s t r u c t i o n o f k n o w l e d g e p p 391 - 4 1 1 . C a m b r i d g e , M a s s : M I T Press, 1992. F l e m m i n g , U . " M o r e than the s u m o f parts: the g r a m m a r of Queen A n n e houses," E n v i r o n m e n t and P l a n n i n g B V o l . 1 4 , p p 323 - 3 5 0 . L o n d o n : P i o n L i m i t e d , 1987. Goldman-Segall, Ricki. "Collaborative Virtual Communities: U s i n g Learning Constellations, A M u l t i m e d i a Ethnographies Research T o o l , " S o c i o m e d i a : m u l t i m e d i a , h y p e r m e d i a a n d the s o c i a l c o n s t r u c t i o n o f k n o w l e d g e , pp 257 - 296. C a m b r i d g e , M a s s : M I T Press, 1992. G o l d m a n - S e g a l l , R i c k i . " W h o s e S t o r y Is It, A n y w a y ? A n E t h n o g r a p h i c A n s w e r , " M u l t i m e d i a w i n t e r 1994 p p 7 - 1 1 , I E E E C o m m u n i c a t i o n s S o c i e t y , 1994. G o l d m a n - S e g a l l , R i c k i . "Interpreting V i d e o Data: I n t r o d u c i n g a " S i g n i f i c a n c e m e a s u r e " to L a y e r Description," Journal Hypermedia Hartman,  of Educatilnal  vol.2 no.3, pp261 - 281,  A l i s o n ; D i e m , John  "The many  faces  technologies academic  might  c h a n g e the  and  knowledge,  pp  the  nature  Sociomedia:  and  1993.  and Q u a g l i a n a ,  of multimedia: how  endeavor,"  hypermedia Press,  Multimedia  Matthew. new of  the  multimedia,  social construction  of  175 - 192. C a m b r i d g e , M a s s : M I T  1992.  K o n i n g , H , and E i z e n b e r g , J . " L a n g u a g e Frank L l o y d  o f the p r a i r i e :  W r i g h t ' s prairie houses,"  Environment  5  a n d p l a n n i n g B v o l . 8 , p p 295 - 3 2 3 . L o n d o n : P i o n L i m i t e d , 1981. K o z m a , Robert B . , "Learning W i t h Media," R e v i e w of Educational  Research  vol.61 no.2,  the  American  Educational  Research  Association,  1991.  K n i g h t , T. " C o l o r grammars : designing w i t h lines and c o l o r s , " E n v i r o n m e n t a n d P l a n n i n g B v o l . 16, p p - 449. L o n d o n : P i o n L i m i t e d , 1989.  417  M i t c h e l l , W i l l i a m J . and M c C u l l o u g h , M a l c o l m . D e g i t a l design m e d i a : a handbook for architects and design professionals. N e w York: V a n Nostrand Reinhold, 1991. M i t c h e l l , W i l l i a m ; Liggett, R o b i n ; P o l l a l i s , Spiro and T a n , M i l t o n . " I n t e g r a t i n g shape g r a m m a r s a n d d e s i g n analysis," International Conference for Computer A i d e d A r c h i t e c t u r a l D e s i g n , pp 33 - 4 7 . Braunschweig, Wiesbaaden: Germany, Friedr. V i e w e g & Sohn Verlagsgesellshaft mbH,1992. M i t c h e l l , W i l l i a m J. T h e l o g i c o f architecture. M a s s . , L o n d o n : M I T Press, 1990.  Cambridge,  Schlusselberg, E v e l y n and H a r w a r d , V . Judson. 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