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Two rest stops along the Trans Canada Trail Stark, Caroline Joy 1995

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TWO REST STOPS ALONG THE TRANS CANADA TRAIL by CAROLINE JOY STARK BID, The University of Manitoba, 1988 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE in i THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES School of Architecture We accept this thesis as conforming to the required standard THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA April 1995 © Caroline Joy Stark, 1995 in presenting this thesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for an advanced degree at the University of British Columbia, I agree that the Library shall make it freely available for reference and study. I further agree that permission for extensive copying of this thesis for scholarly purposes may be granted by the head of my department or by his or her representatives. It is understood that copying or publication of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission. Department of The University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada DE-6 (2/88) ABSTRACT Within the next decade an inter provincial trail, called the Trans Canada Trail, will be developed to accommodate non-motorized traffic such as hikers, skiers, horsemen, and cyclists. Anticipating the need for rest stop facilities, this thesis seeks to explore the design potential of two isolated facilities. The focus of this exploration is the impact of landscape on the development of architectural form. While existing conditions found in each site were recorded and considered throughout the design process, a conscious effort was also made to build a site rather than site plan This position, first articulated by William Rees Morrish in his book Civilizing Terrain. acknowledges that not every piece of land can become an urban place. Instead, place-making often requires willful acts of change in order to enhance or more effectively reveal its existing qualities. This position opposes the current attitude fostered by the environmental movement that all landscapes should remain untouched. The two sites selected were both located in western Canada: one on the eastern shore of Lake in southern British Columbia and the other in a farmer's field near Milk River in southern Alberta. This thesis traces the discoveries and attempts made to locate a center, develop an arrival sequence and insert an architectural form into the experience of the landscape. Both sites were explored simultaneously, reaching a similar level of resolution, at which point the British Columbia site was dropped and the prairie site was developed further. The Alberta site then became the developed body of the thesis. T A B L E OF CONTENTS Abstract i i Table of Contents i i i Acknowledgment vi British Columbia Site - Location Map Rest stop located on west shore of Lake Koocanusa 1 British Columbia Site - Aerial Photo Site found opposite the mouth of Elk River 2 British Columbia Site - Site Photo View looking north/east toward the Rocky Mountains 3 British Columbia Site - Site Photo Cattle grazing on peninsula 4 British Columbia Site - Texture of Landscape Earth cut reveals composition of the soil 5 British Columbia Site - Texture of Landscape Bark of coniferous tree 6 Alberta Site - Location Map Rest stop located east of Milk River community 7 Alberta Site - Aerial Photo Typical prairie agrarian grid 8 Alberta Site - Site Photo View looking south west toward Sweetgrass Hills 9 Alberta Site - Site Photo Wild prairie grasses contrast in texture with wheat field beyond 10 Alberta Site - Site Photo View of existing cart path looking south 11 Alberta Site - Texture of Landscape Stacked hay bales 12 iii A l Design Process Analysis Panel Development of two sites traced through models and drawings 13 A2 Alberta Rest Stop - Site Plan 14 A3 Alberta Rest Stop - Ground Plan 15 A4 Alberta Rest Stop - Upper Plan 16 A5 Alberta Rest Stop - Cross Sections 17 A6 Alberta Rest Stop - Site Sections and Perspectives 18 A7 Alberta Rest Stop - East Elevation/Section 19 Detail View of A l - Upper Half of Panel 20 Detail View of A l - Lower Half of Panel 21 Detail View of A l - BC Site Study Model #1 First architectural intervention embedded into hillside 22 Detail View of A l - BC Site Study Model #2 Second intervention attempt incorporating bolder landscape gesture 23 Detail View of A l - BC Site Study Model #3 Rough massing model of rest stop as another layer in landscape 24 Detail View of A l - BC Site Study Model #4 Modified massing and vegetation cover 25 Detail View of A l - BC Site Study Model #5 Context model 26 Detail View of A l - AB Site Study Model #1 First architectural intervention incorporating wall extensions 27 Detail View of A l - AB Site Study Model #2 Study of land form designed for time keeping and star gazing 28 Detail View of A l - AB Site Study Model #3 Rest stop facility is introduced as counterpoint to star gazing bowl 29 Detail View of A l - AB Site Study Model #4 Land form and rest stop are synthesized 30 Detail View of A l - AB Site Study Model #5 Rest stop massing attempted at larger scale 31 iv Detail View of A l - AB Site Study Model #6 Land form is sliced by sunset pavilion 32 Detail View of A l - AB Site Study Model #7 Building massing broken down to give presence through shadows 33 Detail View of A2 - Site Plan 34 Detail View of A7 - East Elevation/Section 35 Detail View of A l - Upper Half of Panel , 36 Detail View of A l - Upper Half of Panel 37 Perspective Sketch View of land form looking south west from north entry 38 Perspective Sketch View of star gazing bowl from wall walk 39 Perspective Sketch Arrival arcade 40 Perspective Sketch Cabin patio with moveable louvers ... 41 Alberta Rest Stop Model Site Model 42 Alberta Rest Stop Model View of facility looking north toward star gazing bowl 43 Alberta Rest Stop Model View of facility from horizon walk 44 Alberta Rest Stop Model View from star gazing bowl 45 Alberta Rest Stop Model East elevation 46 Alberta Rest Stop Model View of cabin from wall walk 47 Alberta Rest Stop Model North view of cabin 48 Alberta Rest Stop Model View of cabin from above 49 V A C K N O W L E D G M E N T Sincerest appreciation I extend to my thesis committee, composed of Moura Quayle (chairperson), Scott Romses, and Francis Schmitt. Thank you for encouraging a design process of discovery. Your enthusiasm in the project fostered an extremely rich learning environment. Many thanks go to other key contributors to this thesis: Stacy Moriarty and the students in my L A R C 205 class for broadening my landscape vocabulary; Douglas Stark for informing me of the Trans Canada Trail and sharing with me a passion for the rural landscape; Bill Archibald of the BC Trail Association for returning all my phone calls; Mr. and Mrs. Bob Jacobson for the accommodation while in Alberta; Ariann Mangas for the daily phone calls of encouragement; Julia Mogenson for the last minute help; Michael Lo for his photographic expertise; Michael Jacobson for his calming presence and tireless assistance; and finally my parents for the cash flow to maintain my plastercine addiction. vi 7 / 1 4 British Columbia Site - Texture of Landscape Earth cut reveals composition of the soil 5 British Columbia Site - Texture of Landscape Bark of coniferous tree 6 7 8 9 10 11 Alberta Site - Texture of Landscape Stacked hay bales 12 > to > cr C/3 •OWL IKTKT UC1IOM (»OUm) •OUTHTIU*. UCTKM II to o d P o ft P 13 D BRITISH COLUMBIA SITE ALBERTA SITE . srr E LOCATION BOTH SITES ARE FOUND ON OR NEAR THE PROPOSED TRAIL ROUTE. WHICH CUTS ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF BftfTOH COLUMBIA AND ALBERTA. SITE DESCRIPTION • . c. *rrt toe ATIO ON THE WESTERN SHORE OF LAKE KOOCANUSA • A LAKE FORMED • Y DAMMING A RIVER. FOR A HYORO ELECTRIC DAM IN THE UNTTED STATES. HOUNDED ON THE EAST BY THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS. AND ON THE WEST BY THE PURCELL MOUNTAINS. MO* HORIZON MARKED ONLY BT THE SWEETQRAS ) HILLS TO THE SOUTH • EAST, AND A GLIMPSE OF THE MILK RIVER mDOt TO THE SOUTH • WEST. AB. MORE OF THAT INESCAPABLE HORIZON PLACE MAKING PROCESS FIRST GESTURE IN LANDSCAPE •ROOT" SITE POTENTIAL RECONSIDERED L A Y E R E D L A N D S C A P E IDENTIFIED. •CENTER" OF LANDSCAPE REDEFINED. WATER MARKINGS REINTERPRETED BY MEMORY POOLS. RECIPROCAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SUN AND EARTH EXPRESSED IN EXISTING GRID P A T T E R N . T IME K E E P I N G POSSIBILITIES EXPLORED. " C E N T E R " REDEFINED AS THE TRAIL ITSELF. 3. REST STOP INTRODUCTION B.C. SCALE OF REST STOP AND LANDSCAPE INTERVENTION READJUSTED. SEQUENCE "" -W8 CONTROLLED BY AB. REST STOP CONCEIVED AS ( BUILDING CONSIDERED ANOTHER LAYER TO LANDSCAPE. EXTENDED WALL DENIES ULTIMATE VIEW UNTL ARRIVAL POINT. BUILDING ACROSS LINE OF TRAIL. TWO SEPARATE EVENTS UNITED BY WALL. LIBRARY DISCRETELY INHABITS BOWL. LANDSCAPE PALETTE EXPLORED B.C. C H A N G E I TREES OIVE CADENCE TO TRAIL, LOW LEVEL VEOETATION SUBTLY DEFINES SPACE AROUND FACILITY. LANDSCAPE PALETTE EXPLORED CHANGE IN I DOE VEGETATION tO CONTRIBUTE TO WATER LEVEL MARKINGS. SPACE AROUND FACILITY. DECENTRALIZATION ATTEMPTED EOGE FOLLY ON PENINSULA REVEALS GREATER DEPTH CHANGE. MOVEMENT INTO LARGER LANOSCAPE MADE POSSIBLE BY STAIR INTRODUCTION ANO PATH DEVELOPMENT. STABLE MOVED WTO BOWL. CABINS INHABIT OVER EDGE OF LANOFORM. LANOFOHM EXTENDED TO BLOCK WIND AND FURTHER UNITE FACILITY, WATER CHANNEL CUTS LANOFORM. STABLE SEPARATEO FROM EDITING AND MODIFICATION ENERGY RE CONSOLIDATED. USE OF NEW VCGETATION REDUCED. LANOFORM IS SIMPLIFIED. SITE - SEEING SITE - BUILDING CREATING PLACE ON THE TRANS CANADA TRAIL ".AHOllNI STAUK 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Detail View of A2 - Site Plan d BRITISH COLUMBIA SITE ALBERTA SITE < CD 3 CD E •a P CP . SITE LOCATION BOTH UTU ARE FOUNO ON OR NEAR THE PROPOSEO TRAIL ROUTE, WHICH CUTS ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF BRmSH COLUMBIA AND ALBERTA. SITE DESCRIPTION B. C. BJTl LOCATED ON THE WESTERN SHORE OF LAKE K COC AN US A - A LAKE FORMED BY DAMMIMd A RIVER, FOR A HYDRO ELECTMC DAM M THE UNITED STATES. BOUNDED ON THE EAST BT THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS, AMD ON THE WEST BT THE PURGE LL MOUNTAINS. MO* HORIZON MARKED ONLY BY THE BWEETORASS HILLS TO THE SOUTH • EAST, AND A 0LIMPS! OF THE MILK RIVER RIDOE TO THE SOUTH • WEST. ' INESCAPABLE HORIZON PLACE MAKING PROCESS FIRST G E S T U R E M L A N D S C A P E r TO -ROOT-STTE POTENTIAL RECONSIDERED LAROE SCALE INTE RV ENTIOI MTROOUCED. B.C. LAYERED LANDSCAPE IDENTIFIED, 'CENTER* OF LANDSCAPE REOEFINED. WATER MARKINGS REINTERPRETED BY MEMORY POOLS. AB. RECIPROCAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SUN AND EARTH EXPRESSED M EXISTING GRID PATTERN. TIME KEEPING POSSIBILITIES IXPLOREO. "CENTER" REDEFINED AS THE TRAIL ITSELF. REST STOP INTRODUCTION SCALE Of REST STOP ANO LANDSCAPE INTERVENTION READJUSTED. SEQUENCE OF ARRIVAL VIEWS CONTROLLED BY TREES. BUILDING CONSIDERED ANOTHER LAYER TO LANDSCAPE. EXTENDED WALL DENIES ULTIMATE VIEW UNTL ARRIVAL POINT. BUILDING ACROSS LINE OF TRAIL. TWO SEPARATE EVENTS UNITED BY WALL. LIBRARY O IS CUE TEL Y INHABITS BOWL. L A N D S C A P E PALETTE EXPLORED CHANGE IN EOOE VEGETATION TO CONTRIBUTE TO WATER LEVEL MARKINGS. TREES GIVE CADENCE TO TRAIL. LOW LEVEL VEGETATION SUBTLT DEFINES SPACE AROUND FACILITY. o 5° o > •-I "T3 g CD BRITISH COLUMBIA SITE ALBERTA SITE T ^ ¥ 3 ( * •** i w\ y * ^ / ^ T||L \ P ™ BRtTISp C O L U M N A"<A\ r"^ 1 MONTANA frj y r # *L . 1 . SITE LOCATION BOTH srrts *m FOUND ON OR NEAR THE PROPOSED THAU. ROUTE, WHICH CUTS ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PORTIONS OP •MrnSM COLUMBIA AND ALBERTA. SITE DESCRIPTION B. C. KTt LOCATED ON THE WESTERN S H O W OP LAKE KOOCANUSA • A LAKE FORMED • V DAMMING A RIVER, FOR A HVORO E L I C T H C DAM m THE UNITED STATES. BOUNDED ON THE EAST BY THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS, AND ON THE WEST BY THE PURCCLL MOUNTAINS. MO* HORIZON MARKED ONLY BY THE SWEETGRASS KILLS TO THE SOUTH • EAST, AND A OUMPSE OF THE M I K RIVER T INESCAPABLE HORIZON ~4-fZ*,-*vFr« it, j PLACE MAKING PROCESS 1. FIRST GESTURE IN LANDSCAPE B.C. RAVME INHABITED (YIKESI) WATER LI J. SITE POTENTIAL HECON3IDERED L A Y E R E D L A N O S C APE IDENTIFIED. -CENTER- OP LANDSCAPE REDEFINED. WATER MARKINGS REINTERPRETED BY MEMORY POOLS. RECIPROCAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BUN AND EARTH EXPRESSED m EXISTING ORID P A T T E R N . TIME K E E P I N G POSSIBILITIES EXPLORED. -CENTER-RIDE FINED AS THE TRAIL ITSELF. REST STOP INTRODUCTION SCALE OF REST STOP AND LANDSCAPE INTERVENTION READJUSTED. SEQUENCE OF ARRIVAL VIEWS ' TREES. AB. REST STOP CONCEIVi BUILOINO CONSIDERED ANOTHER LAYER TO LANDSCAPE. EXTENDED WALL DENIES ULTIMATE VIEW UNTK. ARRIVAL POINT. BUILDING ACROSS LINE OF TRAIL. TWO SEPARATE EVENTS UHITEO BY WALL. .Y INHABITS BOWL. LANDSCAPE PALETTE EXPLORED C H A N G E IN EDGE VEGETATION TO CONTR IBUTE TO WATER L E V E L MARKINGS. TREES GIVE CADENCE TO TRAIL. LOW LEVEL VEGETATION SUBTLY DEFINES SPACE AROUND FACILITY. 38 39 40 Alberta Rest Stop Model Site Model 42 43 44 Alberta Rest Stop Model View from star gazing bowl 45 Alberta Rest Stop Model East elevation 46 47 48 49 

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