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Housing Skidegate community: an alternative approach at solving the housing needs of Skidegate Indian… LLanos, Ana Maria 1995

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HOUSING SKIDEGATE COMMUNITY An alternative approach at solving the housing needs of Skidegate Indian Band by ANA MARIA LLANOS A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE in THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES School of Architecture We accept this the^ls^CQnfojpring t</0die required standard THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA May 1995 ©Ana Maria Llanos , 1995 In presenting this thesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for an advanced degree at the University of British Columbia, I agree that the Library shall make it freely available for reference and study. I further agree that permission for extensive copying of this thesis for scholarly purposes may be granted by the head of my department or by his or her representatives. It is understood that copying or publication of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission. -Department—of-The University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada Date M A ^ g , DE-6 (2/88) ABSTRACT Due to the pressure of increasing population growth in Skidegate, BC, large areas of land adjacent to the Skidegate Reserve have been purchased by the Skidegate Band to satisfy the community's housing needs. These areas, having been developed following a typical suburban subdivision approach, have considerably increased infrastructure costs and have spread development out to inaccessible areas isolated from the existing community. This project proposes an alternative to this type of development, it reduces the environmental impact of the development as well as its cost, and it attempts to re-introduce the concept of community and its cultural heritage. My interpretation of Haida cosmology operates at two scales in the project. On the site planning level, the development finds its precedent in the linear development of traditional Haida villages. In terms of the housing, the three axes that define the paths of supernatural power : central vertical axis (hearth), longitudinal axis (connection between the forest, the house and the water) and the transverse axis (link between the houses along the line) have served as vehicles for introducing elements of Haida traditional culture. The development occupies one-third of an area currently clear-cut, the remaining two-thirds would be re-forested. Clusters of houses are placed on either side of a central gravel road maintaining the road on one level. Within every cluster there are three zones: a parking/workshop area adjacent to the road; a common area shared by the houses of every cluster; houses arranged along an axis. Each house is given the same view opportunities, level of privacy and access privileges. Each cluster contains different housing units based on a prototype. The prototype has a central continuous post and beam structure that contains common areas, and two enclosed side bays for more private functions. The spatial continuity within the post and beam structure establishes the connection between the water, the house and the forest. This prototype responds to the diversity of family types within this community, and the technology allows for user involvement in the construction process. TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract i i Site and cluster conceptual diagrams 1 House conceptual diagrams 2 Site plan 3 Site model: top view 4 Site model: east elevation 5 Cluster plan 6 Cluster typical section and elevations 7 Cluster model: top view 8 Cluster model: east elevation 9 Cluster model: section 10 Typical unit plans 11 Typical unit sections and elevations 12 Typical unit model: side view of central post and beam bay 13 Typical unit model: west elevation 14 Typical unit model: east elevation 15-16 Typical unit model: south elevation 17 Typical unit construction details 18 Prototype variations : sections 19 Prototype variations: plans 20 i i i 2 6 7 N •1* " *• 11 18 b 19 2 0 

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