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Use of a 60cm pilot plant for scale-up of semi-autogenous grinding mills Corrigan, Declan Brendan 1989

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USE OF A 60CM PILOT PLANT FOR SCALE-UP OF SEMI-AUTOGENOUS GRINDING MILLS By DECLAN BRENDAN CORRIGAN B.Eng.,University  College  Dublin,  Ireland,  1978  A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF APPLIED  SCIENCE  in THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES DEPARTMENT OF MINING AND MINERAL PROCESS  We a c c e p t to  this the  thesis  required  as  ENGINEERING  conforming  standard  THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA April ©  1989  Declan Brendan C o r r i g a n ,  1989  In  presenting this  degree at the  thesis  in  partial  fulfilment  of  the  requirements  University  of  British  Columbia,  I agree that the Library shall make it  freely available for reference and study. I further agree that copying  of  department  this thesis for scholarly or  by  his  or  her  It  is  an  by the  understood  that  publication of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without permission.  Department of M i n i n g and M i n e r a l process The University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada Date  DE-6 (2/88)  Engineering  advanced  permission for extensive  purposes may be granted  representatives.  for  head of my copying  or  my written  ABSTRACT  Design  Data  for  sizing  Semi-Autogenous m i l l s tests  in  1.5  expensive devise  and t i m e  smaller  Mineral  examine t h e  performance.  property  circuit  from  Attempts  have  correlation To d a t e  plant  tests  are  been  made  to  cost  less,  and  Some s u c c e s s has been a c h i e v e d  using  located  Department  of  i n the UBC,  between f u l l - s c a l e  testwork copper  has  Mining  is  being  and  in  B.C.,  used  small-scale  been c o n d u c t e d  mines  and  on  and  samples one  gold  Alaska.  procedures are  p r e s e n t e d and a n a l y s e d . c a n be of  use  design parameters.  in t e s t i n g  However,  described.  Data  is  concluded  that  ores  to  determine  SAG  additional  data  is  circuit  be a t t e m p t e d .  a secondary b a l l  The a d d i t i o n o f  would be of  benefit.  ii  obtained  It  experimentation with d i f f e r e n t  circuit  or  pilot  These  w h i c h would be f a s t e r ,  Engineering  E q u i p m e n t and t e s t date are  mills.  Autogenous  mill.  operating in  diameter  c o n t i n u o u s SAG c i r c u i t  Process  from four  obtained  consuming. tests  scale  typically  samples.  45 cm d i a m e t e r  A 60 cm wet  to  2.0m  small-scale  require a  to  is  full  mill  the mill  required  configurations  to  and  should to  the  TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE ABSTRACT  .  .  .  L I S T OF TABLES .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  ii  .  .  .  .  .  vi  L I S T OF FIGURES.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  vii  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  ix  INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1*  .  .  .  BACKGROUND  . .  . .  . .  . .  .  1  .  4  .  1.1.  Autogenous G r i n d i n g .  1.2.  Semi-Autogenous G r i n d i n g .  1.3.  Comparison with C o n v e n t i o n a l  Systems  1.4.  Selection Criteria.  .  .  .  .  10  1.5.  Pilot  .  .  .  .  11  1.6.  Testing.  .  . .  .  4  .  5  .  1.5.2.  MINTEK  .  .  .  .  .  .  16  1.5.3.  CIMM.  .  .  .  .  .  .  18  1.5.4.  U n i v e r s i t y of Trondhelm  1.5.5.  Kobe S t e e l  1.5.6.  Hanna R e s e a r c h C e n t r e  1.5.7.  IRSID  1.5.8.  Kennecott Research Centre  1.5.9.  Others  Small  Scale  .  .  .  .  .  Circuits.  45cm T e s t  .  Circuit  22 26  .  28  .  .  30  .  36  .  .  .  .  36  .  .  .  .  38  .  . .  .  2.2.  D e s c r i p t i o n of T e s t  Circuit.  .  2.2.1.  Equipment.  .  .  2.2.2.  I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n and C o n t r o l E l e m e n t s  47  2.2.3.  Circuit  .  47  .  48  .  Control. .  2.3.1.  Calibration  2.3.2.  Feed P r e p a r a t i o n .  . .  iii  . .  . .  of S e n s o r s . .  .  41  .  . .  .  41  Introduction.  Test Procedures  .  .  2.1.  2.3.  .  13  23 .  .  60cm PILOT PLANT AT UBC. .  . .  .  . .  . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  6  L a k e f i e l d Research  .  .  .  1.5.1.  1.6.1. CHAPTER Zl  Plant  .  .  . .  43  . .  43  49 49  2.4.  2.3.3.  Running a T e s t ,  2.3.4.  Sampling C i r c u i t  2.3.5.  P r o c e s s i n g of Samples.  Acquisition  .  2.4.1.  Lornex  2.4.2.  Afton Mines.  2.4.3.  I s l a n d Copper  2.4.4.  Similkameen Mines.  2.4.5.  Highland  2.4.6.  Echo Bay M i n e s .  CHAPTER 3t  . .  .  Lornex  Data  3.2.1.  Full  3.2.2.  60cm C i r c u i t  3.2.3.  Comparison of R e s u l t s  .  .  Data. Data  3.2.3.2.  Autogenous  3.3.  Afton  .  3.4.  Island  3.5.  Similco  3.6.  Highland  3.7.  E c h o Bay M i n e s ,  3.8.  Discussion 3.8.1.  CHAPTER 4.  .  Copper .  .  . .  .  66  .  .  72  .  .  .  .  75  .  .  .  77  .  .  .  78  Indices  .  .  82  ,  .  .  90  .  .  .  . .  . .  .  .  .  91  .  92 .  .  .  .  94 .  .  . .  107  Lornex  4.2.  Other  4.3.  Scale-up  4.4.  Future  Work  .  .  .  .  .  .  109  4.5.  Conclusions  .  .  .  .  .  .  110  APPENDIX I i  .  .  101  4.1.  BIBLIOGRAPHY.  .  95 98  Reduction Relationship .  66  72  SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS .  .  .  Juneau P r o j e c t  Energy-Size  64  .  .  of R e s u l t s  Data  .  63  .  .  V a l l e y Copper  .  1  .  .  Mines  .  6  .  Power  Work  60 .  .  .  58  . .  .  3.2.  56  .  .  55  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  55  .  .  .  . .  .  Data A d j u s t m e n t  Net S p e c i f i c  53  Copper.  .  3.2.3.1.  State..  .  .  3.1.  Scale  50  .  .  Mines.  ANALYSIS OF DATA. .  .  .  Data.  .  Valley  .  at Steady  of F u l l - S c a l e .  .  .  107  Data  .  108  from R e s u l t s  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  108  •  H I  CALCULATION OF MILL LOAD SETPOINT FOR 60cm M I L L .  .  iv  .  .  .  .  114  APPENDIX I I :  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT: DATA  APPENDIX I I I :  .  .  ADJUSTED FULL SCALE  .  .  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT:  .  .  .  119  FULL SCALE S I Z E  DISTRIBUTION PLOTS.  .  .  .  .  APPENDIX I V :  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT:  ADJUSTED 60cm DATA  APPENDIX V:  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT:  60cm S I Z E  DISTRIBUTION PLOTS APPENDIX V I :  60cm D A T A ; S I Z E D I S T .  PLOTS  SCALE & 60cm D A T A ; S I Z E D I S T .  PLOTS  SIZE DIST.  HIGHLAND VALLEY COPPER: SCALE & 60cm DATA; ECHO BAY JUNEAU DATA;  APPENDIX X I :  .  FULL  & 60cm DATA;  APPENDIX X:  .  ISLAND COPPER MINES:ADJUSTED  APPENDIX V T I I : S I M I L C O MINES:ADJUSTED APPENDIX I X :  .  240 331  AFTON MINES: ADJUSTED FULL SCALE AND  APPENDIX V I I :  .  210  362  .  392  .  430  FULL SCALE PLOTS  .  ADJUSTED FULL  SIZE DIST.  PLOTS  .  447  .  .  466  .  .  483  : ADJUSTED 60cm  S I Z E DISTRIBUTION PLOTS  PROPOSED MODEL OF MILL CONTROLLER.  .  .  v  .  WEIGHT .  L I S T OF TABLES  PAGE TABLE  I.  Comparison (Digre  of  Comminution  Ila.  Pilot Plant R e s e a r c h and  TABLE  lib.  Pilot Plant U n i v e r s i t y of  Details: Mintek Details: Trondheim  TABLE I I C .  P i l o t Plant Details: Hanna R e s e a r c h .  TABLE  Pilot Plant Kennecott.  Lakefield CIMM  Kobe S t e e l  Details:  IRSID  III.  L o c a t i o n , Method and Frequency Sampling for 60 cm C i r c u i t Steady State  Table  IV.  Results Simplex  of Data Program.  Table  V.  R e s u l t s of Data Bilmat Program. C-Circuit:  35  using  70  Adjustment  using  71  Full-Scale  Data  74  60cm C i r c u i t  Data  76  Data  86  Data  87  Ore T y p e s .  99  VII.  Lornex C - C i r c u i t :  Table  Vlll.  Lornex C-Circuit:Full u s i n g Keo v a l u e s .  Table  IX.  Lornex C - C i r c u i t : using KBO values.  Table  X.  Full  Table  XI  60cm D a t a :  Scale  60cm C i r c u i t Various  vi .  34  Adjustment  Table  Various  and  54  VI.  Data:  33  of at  Table  Scale  32  and  and  TABLE  Lornex  8  1983)  TABLE  I Id.  Methods  Ore T y p e s .  100  LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE  l.a.  Golden  Sunlight  FIGURE  l.b.  Kidston  Gold Mines  FIGURE  2.  Schematic Circuit.  Mines  Flowsheet.  Flowsheet.  of  Lakefield  of  Mintek  PAGE 7 7a  Research Test  14  .  FIGURE  3.  Schematic  FIGURE  4.  Schematic  of  CIMM  FIGURE  6.  Schematic  of  Hanna  Research  Test  27  of  Hazen  Research  Test  38  Test  Circuit.  Test  Circuit..  17 20  Circuit. FIGURE  7.  Schematic Circuit.  FIGURE  8.  Aerofall  FIGURE  9.  UBC 60cm SAG  45cm T e s t  Mill.  Mill  39  Circuit  44  FIGURE 10  60cm M i l l  Arrangement.  45  FIGURE  11  Schematic  of  Lornex  57  FIGURE  12  Schematic  of  Afton  C-Circuit. Mines  Grinding  59  Circuit. FIGURE  13  Schematic Grinding  FIGURE 14  15  Schematic A-Line  Island  Copper  Mines  61  Grinding  62  Copper,  64  Circuit.  Schematic Circuit.  FIGURE  of  of  Similco  Mines  of  Highland V a l l e y  .  Grinding  Circuit.  vii  FIGURE  16  Comparison Values Lornex  FIGURE 17  o£  Net  for F u l l Runs.  Comparison  Specific  Scale  of  and S m a l l  18.  Net  Specific  Specific FIGURE 19  FIGURE  20  21.  (Full  74% C r i t i c a l  Data.  Speed: Lornex  C o m p a r i s o n of  A u t o g e n o u s Work  60cm & F u l l  R e v i s e d Work Lornex  Scale  Indices  vs.Run  FIGURE 2 3 .  Comparison of  Autogenous  w i t h Bond Work FIGURE 2 4 .  Comparison of  FIGURE 2 5 .  Energy-Size  Energy-Size  Energy-Size Is l a n d  FIGURE  28.  at  Data  Number  Indices  Work  Indices  Work  Indices  Indices. Autogenous  Reduction  Relationship:  Ores.  60cm M i l l : 27.  Data  Data. R e v i s e d Work  Various  Net  Indices  Ccts.:Lornex  Comparison of  FIGURE  vs.  Scale):Lornex  22,  FIGURE 2 6 .  Small PBO  Loading  for FIGURE  (60cm)  Work  Power Number v s . V o l u m e t r i c  for FIGURE  Power  Power  Scale  Autogenous  Indices for Full Scale and Scale Lornex Runs using Values. FIGURE  Power  Reduction Various  Relationship  in  Ores.  Reduction  Relationship:  Copper.  Energy-Size 60cm I s l a n d  Reduction Copper  Runs.  Relationship:  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT  The a u t h o r Natural  Sciences  Science for  wishes  acknowledge  and  Thanks a r e  support during t h i s  extended to  the  - Highland V a l l e y Similco  - E c h o Bay  of  B.C.  scholarship  fund  M i n i n g Companies  who  made  including: Mines  Ltd.  Mines  gratitude  Department  Council,  project.  various  Copper  I s l a n d Copper M i n e s  Sincere  Research  Ltd.,The  Mines  - A f t o n Mines -  Canada  Cy and E m e r a l d Keyes  resources a v a i l a b l e ,  -  Moly-Cop  Engineering  C o u n c i l , and t h e  financial  their  to  is  (BHP-Utah)  Ltd  extended to  Professor  M i n i n g and M i n e r a l  h e l p and s u p p o r t d u r i n g t h e M e s s r s Andy B u r k e r t ,  Process  project.  Washington  A.L.  Mular,  Engineering,  Also to  Musara and K u r t  my  for  UBC his  colleagues,  Lund,  I  extend  my t h a n k s .  Finally,  I  wish  wife Margaret, over  the  past  to for  two  e x p r e s s my t h a n k s her  steadfast  years.  ix  t o my g r e a t e s t  support  and  m e n t o r , my  encouragement  INTRODUCTION  The a p p l i c a t i o n (AG/SAG), point  of  has d e v e l o p e d  this  option  capital  and  simpler  flowsheet,  ore-types,  rapidly  are  level  the  have  i s required  of  greater  throughput exceeding  and power  conventional  on b e n c h s c a l e crushing,  been  to  Lower  most  range  of  this  type  of  resolved,  control and  a  f o r SAG c i r c u i t s . and  because For  swings  with the  1  index  milling),  or  risk  then  in of  installed  based  determination  no s u c h t e s t s a r e  Pilot-scale even  much  characteristics. a r e ) , wide  of  However,  c a n be d e s i g n e d c o n f i d e n t l y  and b a l l  a  a wide  o f downstream e q u i p m e n t  required,  facilities  i n the equipment.  ore  the  methods,  o p e r a t i o n and  ( s u c h a s Bond work  rod m i l l i n g  to  AG o r SAG c i r c u i t s ,  to (as  circuits  tests,  as y e t a v a i l a b l e  conventional  consumption can occur,  the l i m i t a t i o n s  While  exists  years  circuit.  to process  with  in selecting  orebodies,  power.  comminution over  problems  25  grinding  processing  advantages  sensitivity  motor  Invariably  main  of confidence  non-homogenous  ore  been s u b s t a n t i a l l y  caution their  the  costs  semi-autogenous  i n the past  and t h e a b i l i t y  Earlier  circuits  greater  for  operating  comminution.  for  and  where most new o r e x p a n d i n g  consider  these  autogenous  testing some  has  notable  discrepancies  have a r i s e n  and f u l l  scale  performance.  Existing  pilot  plant  1.5m -  2m i n d i a m e t e r ,  0.6m up t o a number  type.  5m.  of  required,  reasons.  usually  In t h e  a  Secondly,  of  state  tests  and  Skilled  interpret  The c o s t s  involved  in  cases  many  for  can  arising  be  In t h e the  plants,  of  pilot  case  of  smaller  payback  availability  on p i l o t of  of  to  be  with  is  each  ore  obtained  representative have t o  attendant  b r i n g such a m i l l  to  be  costs.  to  steady  requirements  required  for  ore  be  samples might  conduct  c a n be s u b s t a n t i a l  multiple  In  any  increase  testing  projects  testing the  the  grinding  W i t h power c o s t s  plant  funds a t  work  prohibitive.  with  out  of  must  manpower  such t e s t  expenditure.  these  is  from  are the  results.  justify in  it  the  to  the  projects  factor  50 t o n n e s  if  mill  expensive  10 t o  distance,  large-scale the  is  of  this  a  anywhere  quantity  personnel are  the  mills  predictions  use o f  large  or a d i t s  so  the  a  In a d d i t i o n ,  conditions,  considerable.  in these  a long time  plant  varying  a new o r e b o d y ,  drifts  takes  lengths  range  considerable it  involve  Firstly,  a mined p r o d u c t .  shipped  generally  tests  i n the  case  pilot  with  Running  from development of  tests  between  in  lines  grinding  c o u l d pay o f f  would be  much  beginning  of  only could  b e i n g s u c h a major  with a s i n g l e  2  past,  and  the  efficiency  very  quickly.  grinding longer,  and  project,  line, the often  limited. to  opt  for  samples the  An owner the  conventional  (e.g.drill  d e s i g n of  safely  faced with such c o s t s  a  core)  Time  s c h e d u l e s becoming available  for  For  reasons,  scale  test  less  material,  more  procedures  an e a r l y  success  crushing/grinding  SAG c i r c u i t s ) , the  variety  results  obtained  circuit  located  project. by M a c P h e r s o n  obtained  mines  in B r i t i s h  are  described  results. the  UBC  the  thesis  mill.  the  Columbia.  together  Existing  test  not  is  of  ore  types this  (1977,  of  test, to  full  each  60cm  diameter  scale  a  detailed  methods a r e  circuit.  3  reviewed  it  a may  test)  and  British  some  relatively  examine  of  tested  using  1989)  compare  the  SAG  mill  Columbia,  with  operating  The e q u i p m e n t and t e s t  with  be  and  regard,  using  50 Kg f o r  to  small require  This suggests that  University  i n a number  each  scale-up data  order  develop  of  In  from a s m a l l - s c a l e at  those  of  to  w h i c h would  duration  obtain r e l i a b l e  this  nowadays,  have been made  be p o s s i b l e t o  The p u r p o s e of  can  is  the  (of  circuit  time  dry A e r o f a l l  samples  which  compressed  (for  has been a c h i e v e d  test  on  project  450mm d i a m e t e r  small  indices,  small  With  a greater of  only  testwork.  shorten  stage  work  inclined  also a consideration.  attempts  a c c o r d i n g l y enable at  is  prolonged  which r e q u i r e s  to determine  conventional  be b a s e d .  these  route,  may be more  analysis  copper  procedures of  test  and compared w i t h  CHAPTER I  BACKGROUND  Autogenous  1.1.  Grinding  The t e r m a u t o g e n o u s  grinding describes  ore  tumbling  is  ground  external size  in a  g r i n d i n g media.  by a c o m b i n a t i o n  larger These  ore in  particles turn act  resulting  in  occurring  in'ball  to fed  the to  the  a size  mill  further mills  it  of are  worn  and  mills.  for  grinding  (two-stage  a final  until  although there the  the  product  grinding  the  late  i n d u s t r y as a whole  s e r i o u s l y when p l a n n i n g  p r i m a r y AG,  of  by  in  smaller  particles  similar  to  grinding  valuable  The  abrasion.  that refers  coarse-crushed  AG,  any  reduced  from the m i l l  size  of  ore  is  may be  of  component,  or  it  may  in  ball  in  require  or  pebble  AG.).  it  America,  the  or  The p r o d u c t  recovery  really  mining  mine  which  and a t t r i t i o n .  action,  termed s i n g l e - s t a g e to  are  gradually for  in  addition  P r i m a r y autogenous  primary autogenous was n o t  impact  down  i n which r u n - o f  is  particles  attrition  Use of  the  ore  abrasion,  directly.  suitable  which case  The  process  without  as g r i n d i n g media  impact  situation  mill  the  trend  new or  began  1950's  in  the  1930's,  and e a r l y  1960's  began t o  consider  this  expanded  facilities.  have  been some n o t a b l e  has  been 4  towards  but that  option  In  successes  North with  semi-autogenous  grlnding.  Successful on t h e  application  nature  material smaller  of  the  present  or  hand,  this  if  the  autogenous  ore.  There  which w i l l  fractions.  quickly,  of  This  mill  be p r o d u c e d and t h e  must be s u f f i c i e n t as  the  component  will  component  act  too h a r d ,  potential  for  Variations  in composition, structure  power  distribution.  In  down  On  an e x c e s s  of  the  the  too other  slimes  a hard  will  fraction  exists.  to autogenous  throughput,  competent  wear  b u i l d up of  size")  feed  not  be m e d i a - d e f i c i e n t .  is  greatly  g r i n d i n g media f o r  must  ("critical  the  g r i n d i n g depends  mills  and s i z e d i s t r i b u t i o n  can  lead  consumption,  and  general,  this  is  downstream p r o c e s s may be d i s r u p t e d  to  wide  in  swings  product  undesirable  in  and e q u i p m e n t  of in size  that  the  limitations  may be e x c e e d e d .  1.2  Semi-Autogenous  Where p r o b l e m s the  addition  of  of  the  Grinding  above  a steel  ball  nature charge  gave much Improved p e r f o r m a n c e , autogenous  grinding,(SAG).  o b t a i n e d w i t h SAG, higher is  throughput.  used t o  obtain  but at  of  hence  a much lower  required  it  was  found  up t o  12%  by  the  Generally  Typically, the  arose,  development a  power  coarser  finished  5  volume, of grind  consumption,  a secondary b a l l grind.  or  that  pebble  semi is and mill  1.3  Comparison With C o n v e n t i o n a l  Whether  by AG or  comminution, with  the  if  the  considerable  conventional  by Rod and B a l l a plant  SAG,  2-  or Fine  milling,  two f l o w s h e e t s  are  Both are  for  one  is  for  Montana,  the which  conventional  was  SAG c i r c u i t ,  Queensland,  for  a number  involved  in  the  published, the  pilot  this  used a t  mill  Kidston  plant  and t h e  Rod  Sunlight  plant.  and most  Kidston,  the  both  the  was  done  and  operations. located 1983,  The near  and  The s e c o n d  1985.  uses  a  for  the  two-stage  These examples the  author  operations; cost  first Butte,  is  which uses a  lb.  data  are was  secondly, have  been  in r e l a t i o n  to  work and s i z i n g  for  using  diameter  a  450mm  the  1.6.).  two f l o w s h e e t s  replaces  Milling  versus  la  interestingly test  between  Grinding,  Firstly,  operating  thesis,  (see s e c t i o n  A c o m p a r i s o n of the  and  and t h i r d l y , of  of  followed  in Figures  Australia,  reasons.  design  capital  content  SAG m i l l  of  plant  Rod/Ball  in  in  compared  by  circuit.  and was c o m m i s s i o n e d  as  of  followed  Project  commissioned  presented  comparative  presented  type  the d i f f e r e n c e  Crushing  crushing/grinding  Kidston Project,  crushing  illustrate  Sunlight  this  c a n be r e a l i z e d  Dome G o l d M i l l i n g  Golden  to  Semi A u t o g e n o u s  one u s i n g c o n v e n t i o n a l  Placer  amenable  3- s t a g e  To  u s i n g Autogenous  is  savings  or  milling.  ore  Systems  the  shows t h a t  the  SAG m i l l  S e c o n d a r y and T e r t i a r y  Sections  of  6  the  Conventional  in  Crushing Golden  7  Figure l.Cb}.  K i d s t o n Gold Mines  7a  Flowsheet.  COMPARISON O F COMMINUTION  METHODS  HG POSITIVE FACTORS Comminution Method  Capital Cost  One Stage Straight Autogenous Grinding (RG>  2 to 3  Two-stage AG and Pebble Grinding  Labour  Demands on Mine  1 to 2  1 to 2  5 to 3  5 to 3  5 to 1  2 to 4  1 to 2  2 to 3  4 to 2  4 to 2  4 to 1  Two-stage lump and Pebble Grinding  3 to 5  2 to 3  2 to 4  3 to 1  2 to 1  3 to 1  One-stage AG with crushing c r i t i c a l - s i z e  3 to 5  2 to 3  2 to 4  4 to 2  4 to 2  3 to 2  One-stage AG with separation c r i t i c a l size  3 to 5  2 to 3  2 to 4  4 to 2  4 to 2  3 to 2  One-stage Sent i Autogenous Grinding (SAG)  1 to 3  2 to 3  2 to 3  1 to 2  4 to 2  4 to 2  3 to 1  Two-stage SAG and B a l l Mill Grinding  2 to 3  3 to 4  2 to 4  3 to 2  3 to 2  2 to 1  Conventional Multi-stage Comminution C i r c u i t  Steel Media Consumption  Other Materials  AG NEGATIVE FACTORS Operating Energy R e l i a b i l i t y Consumption  savings  over  factors, -  the  conventional  arise  f r o m a number  of  Including:  simpler  flowsheet  comminution -  circuit,  lower  consisting  of  only  two  or  three  stages;  capital  cost  of  secondary  and  associated  conveying,  equipment  tertiary  due  to  elimination  crushing,  buildings,  dust  of  screening  and  collection,  and  services; -  r e d u c e d power  -  r e d u c e d media  -  consumption consumption  balls,  liner  lower  operating  I  (Digre,  costs  for  1988)  is  the  trends,  be e v a l u a t e d  on i t s  characteristics conditions Comparison  of  for  to  to  and  circuits.  taking  ore  e.g. the  into  and  cost  of  a  operating  savings  40% o v e r  two of  stage  up t o  conventional  steel  9  the  circuit  has  economic  and  et  and  to  grinding  labour.  Golden  20% and c a p i t a l circuits.  serves  relevant  by K n i g h t  SAG  circuits  different  account  and  that  this is  power,  Kidston  relative  autogenous  the  They c o n c l u d e  up t o  rods,  maintenance  summarize t h e  case  has been p r o v i d e d  of  parts,  consumables.  While  each s p e c i f i c own,  and  semi  comminution c i r c u i t s  cost  wear  reduced  personnel,  an a t t e m p t  the  prevailing, data  due  autogenous  conventional  illustrate to  costs  operating  various  versus  (crusher  plates);  requirements, Table  i n many c a s e s ;  Sunlight al  (1987).  can  produce  cost  savings  1.4  At  SELECTION CRITERIA  the  feasibility  o p t i o n s are data,  In  case  always the process prior  normally  and t h e  the  stage  should  b a s e d on  the  and  of  the  ore  hardness,  testwork,  historical  involved.  starting  itself. the  what o r e  to  the  point  The  mining types  requirements,  ( w h i c h may be c r i t i c a l ore  processing  the  with  determine  liberation  various  designers  consult  t o any sampling to  fracturing  project,  a comminution c i r c u i t ,  engineer  Circuit),  of  characteristics  mineralogy  a  evaluated  experience  of  of  mineral geologist  are  present,  presence  operation  and a n y a d d i t i o n a l  is  of of  any an  information  AG  deemed  relevant.  Drill  core  Indices  samples  for  Regardless these  crushing,  of  tests  which  the  of  its  designer  the  size  milling  breakage  range,  they  provide  for  design  Bond  ball  is  being  will  considered, a  of  information  flowsheet  Work  milling.  give  economic s t u d i e s ,  crushing/grinding  required  and  of  characteristecs  will  t o do c o m p a r a t i v e  information  determination  c o m m i n u t i o n scheme  event a c o n v e n t i o n a l the  rod  s h o u l d be c o n d u c t e d as  understanding throughout  c a n be used f o r  better the  to  and is  purposes  ore  enable in  the  chosen, will  be  available.  Determination estimated  at  of this  power stage  required  for  using empirical 10  SAG  milling  relationships  can  be  developed is  by B a r r a t t  i n c l u d e d and t h e r e  method. basis  is  Nonetheless,  for  a high r i s k  this  comparison w i t h the  ore  is  of  of  consider AG or  suitable  utmost this  SAG.  Allis  Chalmers  representing  each ore  the  are  determine  to a c t  as  type.  some  is  or  not  the  ore  will  a  the  in  the  manufacturers  i n the  evaluation  what  they  a batch  e x a m i n e d , and compared t o  whether  grinding,  a  samples  test  inwhich  historical  be s u i t a b l e  of  call  p e r f o r m e d on - 8 " / + 4 "  The t e s t  this  provide  g r i n d i n g media  point  25%  circuit.  have d e v e l o p e d is  of  using  sizing will  Accordingly,  which  in  Semi-Autogenous  starting  " M e d i a Competency T e s t "  products  or  material  be t h e  involved  conventional  importance.  to  a contingency  preliminary  When c o n s i d e r i n g A u t o g e n o u s presence  However,  (1979).  data  for  to  AG  or  SAG.  1.5.  PILOT-PLANT  Because  the  grinding  semi-autogenous mill  or  the  information, plants  mill  rod m i l l ,  determine  pilot  as  filling,  ball  is  Factors  s u c h as  different  plant  to  rate,  tests  water  that  i n the are  to  the  11  To  of  ratio,  ball  be used  obtain  mill  to  this Pilot  changing  distribution),  such  speed,  %  open  or  classification grate  or  a  conducted.  effects  and  height/spacing,  in  cannot  mill.  solids  type  autogenous  occuring  generally  ( b o t h % and s i z e  classifier lifter  an  Bond Work I n d i c e s  consumption  charge  circuit,  in  be used t o a s s e s s  feed  closed  action  standard  power  can a l s o  variables  TESTS  opening s i z e  size. and  geometry,  If  Pilot  grate  Plant  Autogenous important -  Net  Specific  from the  for  product  size  -  optimum b a l l  Once  important  the  motor  Values Hopple,  Before thesis,  there  ranging  ore  is  amenable  then  tests  studied.  the  to most  is:  and  the  variations  types;  for  typical  mill  feed  to  be  purposes;  charge  to  can  be  is  be  available, calculated  g i v e n the  appears to  to  used;  generally  test be  f r o m 2.3  to  size  for  the  to  2.84  of  design  debate mill  as  been  and  own  method  conditions. to  diameter  have  mill  throughput  have t h e i r  d a t a and  some  be a p p l i e d  the  used  what  the  should  be.  (Pena  and  1979).  describing it  facilites  and t h e have  and B a r r a t t companies is  the  equipment  seems a p p r o p r i a t e  facilities  follows  ore  grinding,  Index"  manufacturers  exponent  the  are not  distribution;  rating  sizing a mill,  correct  that  from the  various  information  Mill  profile  (KWhr/tonne),  Work  design  -  However,  required  Power,  an " A u t o g e n o u s  required.  indicates  Semi-Autogenous  information  used  of  testing  or  expected -  open a r e a and l i f t e r  procedures  been  and r e s e a r c h  look  used.  identified  ( 1 9 8 5 ) , and  taken  to  and p r o c e d u r e s  include  mill  12  data  for  some e x i s t i n g  The  by Dor  laboratories.  from p u b l i s h e d  at  used  operators and  The and  testing of  Bassarear  manufacturers,  these (1982)  operating  information represents  this  which current  practices or  i n the  semi-autogenous  particularly  associated  1.5.1.  of  feed p r e p a r a t i o n ,  the  for  pilot  the  test  This plant  details  Feed  for  plant  mill  autogenous  is  reviewed  dimensions,  s a m p l i n g , power  drive  measurement  and  Canada.  AG/SAG  in  have been  i s a Hardinge of m i l l  Canada  described Cascade,  has p r o v e n t o  is  done  by  Wyslouzil  be  by  very  popular  II.  Many o f  others  have  been  adopted  These  have  been  described  (now M P S I ) .  at  1.8m d i a m e t e r  a s c a n be s e e n f r o m T a b l e  u s e d by  from by  (1979).  on t h e m i l l  Figure  Material  type  procedures  Pena and H o p p l e  (a)  used  testing  Koppers/Hardinge  Each  Ontario,  for  The f a c i l i t i e s  0.6m l o n g .  testing  equipment.  testwork  The m i l l  plant  to  LAKEFIELD RESEARCH.  (1982).  Ila.  pilot  respect  circuit  Lakefield.  For  of  grinding.  with  arrangement,  Much  field  and a s s o c i a t e d  2 i s a schematic  equipment,  see  Table.  of the c i r c u i t .  Preparation.  as r e c e i v e d  -150/+75mm,  and -75mm.  by s l e d g e h a m m e r . correspond  is split  to  Pieces  The t h r e e  into  three  larger  fractions  a primary crusher  13  fractions:  than  250mm  +150 mm, are  are recombined  discharge.  broken  so as  to  F i g u r e 2.  Lakefield  (b)  Circuit  Pulp  samples  underflow), a test size  Research  (mill are  discharge,  taken every  These are  distribution.  later  Mill  r u n or s e r i e s  of  (c)  Measured  Variables,  i.  Fresh  screen  and  screen  15 m i n u t e s , and c o m p o s i t e d  during  analysed  charge  is  oversize  for  percent  solids  and  dumped and a n a l y s e d a f t e r  a  runs.  Feed:  B a t c h e s of m a t e r i a l  the  Circuit.  Sampling  run.  to  SAG T e s t  are  fed to the  15 m i n u t e s and an a v e r a g e d u r a t i o n of  the  feed  mill rate  sampling p e r i o d ,  14  at  intervals  calculated  (1 t o  2 hours).  of 3 over  ii.  Water  Addition:  A Brooks During  Rotameter the  fill-up  proportional reached  to  its  Mill  iv.  are  feed r a t e  volume  filling  of  charge  the  operating  is  access  the of  rate the  water  the  the  mill  mill.  is  set  mill  has  addition  is  discharge.  adjusted  the  by t h e  range  of  load  feed chute  operator  25%.  to  the  can  i n the to  be  a  inspection  is  pulled  and  maintain  Visual run  mill  used  as  back  a  giving  charge).  Draw:  A wattmeter motor.  measures  G r o s s power  chain drive  power  to  When  p e r i o d i c a l l y during a  visual  the  load,  pulp density  i n the  (The m i l l  of  flow  feed.  used t o m o n i t o r  check,  Power  fresh  the  flow  Load:  Load c e l l s the  water  phase  the  c o n t r o l l e d by t h e  iii.  measures  and i s  motor, is  the is  electrical  the  b a s e d on  g e a r b o x , and v - b e l t  o p e r a t i n g empty.  i n the  input  power d e l i v e r e d  calculated  calculated  power  same  to  the  Net Power C o n s u m p t i o n i s  the  the mill  efficiencies  drive. manner  to  The with  No-Load the  mill  equal to  Gross  Power minus No L o a d P o w e r .  1.5.2.  MINTEK. R a n d b u r q .  South  The S o u t h A f r i c a n g o l d m i n i n g  Africa  i n d u s t r y was  15  one of  the  first  to  adopt autogenous although they than  one  or r u n - o f - m l n e g r i n d i n g as  employ m i l l s  (Pebble  (formerly  the  The  (1978),  Hoyer  Ila  while Figure  (a)  Feed  The f e e d  Table  pulling  ratios  of  Moys the  of  of  Metallurgy) and  there, less  Mintek  have  been  (1979),  equipment  and used,  configuration.  Preparation  is  classified mill  pieces back  Circuit  Mill  Discharge,  Underflow are for  into  feed  (larger  the  (b)  analysed  for  details  circuit  known  facilities  Loveday  gives  3 shows t h e  r e c o m b i n e d as Oversize  test  Institute  d e s c r i b e d by L o v e d a y (1985).  is  with diameter/length  Mills).  National  it  feed  8 size of  than  fractions  consistant 200mm) a r e  which  size  fed  are  then  distribution.  to  the  mill  by  chute.  Sampling  all  Screen  Oversize,  Cyclone  s a m p l e d and f l o w r a t e s  % s o l i d s and s i z e  measured.  distribution.  16  Overflow Samples  and are  TD  NEXT  F i g u r e 3.  (c)  i.  STAGE  Mintek  Measured  Fresh The  OF  PROCESSING  SAG T e s t  Circuit,  Variables.  Feed:  fines  fractions  a r e metered onto a feed  a r e added m a n u a l l y a t t i m e d  up t h e r e q u i r e d  size  distribution.  used t o l o g t h e a d d i t i o n is  ii.  averaged  Water  belt,  over  of each  the d u r a t i o n  while  the  intervals  A chart  fraction.  coarse to  recorder The f e e d  make is rate  of s a m p l i n g .  addition:  A rotameter  i s used f o r m e a s u r i n g w a t e r  mill.  17  addition  to  the  iii.  Mill  Load:  A visual the  iv.  check  is  used to m a i n t a i n  Power  The  bearings power the  is  draw.  The n e t  power  and t h e  Santiago.  the  dissipated  has been c a l i b r a t e d  CIMM.  The f i r s t  u s e d t o measure  power  g r o s s power  l.S.3.  is  power  in  That  same y e a r  the  input motor  then the  (CMD),  the  Research  Centre  facility  w h i c h would p r o v i d e  the  difference  at  i n C h i l e was  their  Los  (CIMM) d e c i d e d t o  establish  testing  a  services  Fundamental  to  CIMM t o  the  has d e s c r i b e d t h e  s i z e a 34ft diameter  operation.  T h i s was  circuit  SAG  mill  and  research  commissioned i n 1987. 18  mine  plant  into  the  Sepulveda  procedures  testwork at  installed  interested  1983.  has been i n o p e r a t i o n s i n c e  (1983)  between  pilot  This  while Urizar  gross  Metallurgical  envisaged.  have d e s c r i b e d  mill  Bronces  mechanism of a u t o g e n o u s g r i n d i n g was a l s o  (1983)  the  losses.  C h i l e a n M i n i n g and  on a c o m m e r c i a l b a s i s .  facility  to and  as a f u n c t i o n of  semi-autogenous g r i n d i n g m i l l  1981.  power  Chile  by Compana M i n e r a D i s p u t a d a  al  in  Draw:  motor.  parties  % filling  mi 1 1 .  A wattmeter  in  constant  used,  conducted  CMD s 1  El  et  by  Soldado  For  details  lib. to  on t h e m i l l  Figure  that  (a)  is  classified separate  -150mm/+75mm  size  maintained  all  are  cut  timed  circuit  test  which  see is  Table similar  facilities.  three These to  fractions, fractions  the to  size  the  typically are  mill.  mill of  deck  +150mm,  recombined  This  distribution  double  in  ensures  and  a  minimizes  the m a t e r i a l  is  possible.  Sampling  circuit  has r e a c h e d  streams  samples  for  stream.  other  distribution  as c l o s e l y as  process  composite  into  The n a t u r a l  Circuit  the  it  and h a n d - f e d  segregation.  After  the  on a 600mm x 1800mm T y - R o c k  and -75mm.  /  batches  consistent  (b)  of  of  equipment  Preparation  screen to  small  associated  a schematic  used by a number  Feed  The o r e  4 is  and  are  over  a period  Flowrates  of  are  steady  sampled  a 12 hour 10 t o  every  period.  30  calculated  state  seconds  ( circa 30 The  12  mins  to  complete  depending  b a s e d on t h e  hours),  volume  give flows  on  the  of  the  samples.  (c)  Measured  i.  Feed The  Variables  Rate fresh  feed  is  hand-fed 19  to  the  mill  in  preweighed  i.  Feed The  Rate fresh  batches  feed on  a  i s hand-fed timed  to  basis,  the  mill  and  an  in  preweighed  average  feedrate  calculated.  ii.  Mill  Load  The v o l u m e t r i c or  two h o u r s  top  of the m i l l  by s t o p p i n g  of the charge  volume by  loading  to the centre  of the charge  discharging  the m i l l  the  i s obtained mill  •F  C I M M  Figure  S A G  4.  P I L O T  NEXT  STAGE  PROCESSING  P L A N T  CIMM SAG T e s t  every  one  and m e a s u r i n g f r o m  the  line  Circuit.  20  of the  mill.  a t t h e end o f  contents  container.  TO  i s checked  into  a  the  The test  graduated  iii.  Power  Draw  G r o s s power  input  to the  prony brake  (Dynamometer)  used to determine regularly on t h e  on a m i l l  bearings  weights  drive  are  The  to  measured by gear  losses.  is  an empty and a l o a d e d m i l l  bearing  lubrication  It  has  the  bearing depends  the  power  friction the  load  charge,  no-load  been f o u n d t o  is  determined  with  on  A  shaft  To s i m u l a t e  for  in  between  is  operating  shell  difference  used.  output  No l o a d power  mill the  Wattmeter.  reducer  has warmed u p .  the  bolted  is  on t h e  which  when  measurement.  motor  losses type  range  of  f r o m 30%  to 60%.  (d)  Data A n a l y s i s  Redundant are  data are  adjusted  degree  and  collected  during a test.  by a l e a s t - s q u a r e s  of a d j u s t m e n t  measured  Scale-Up  mass  d e p e n d i n g on t h e  is  the  "classical  specific  power  same as  for  conditions. are  balancing estimated  values  routine, error  the  of  the  data.  The  values.  Two a p p r o a c h e s have been u s e d t o first  Measured  pilot  of  the  mill  full-scale  when  operated  The r e q u i r e d d i m e n s i o n s of  obtained  consumption to  from its  an  from t e s t  a p p r o a c h " , w h i c h assumes t h a t  (KWhr/tonne) the  scale-up  equation  which  d i m e n s i o n s and o t h e r  21  the  mill  the  will  under  be  operating  mill  the  similar  full-scale  relates  net  mill power  variables.  The s e c o n d a p p r o a c h w h i c h the  use  of  b a s e d on  the  population not  first  to  particularly  scale  by t h e  the  ratios  tend  i n autogenous  University Refer  grinding  process  As  yet,  this  Norway  Norway,  Sweden,  grinding  to  work  i n South one,  for  use  of  testing  details  on  and  there,  Africa,  mill  equivalent has  technology  were  mining,  been done  1988)  and t h e  for  has  than  (1979,  grinding  lib  As  be l e s s  Digre  and F i n l a n d  in base-metal  company.  Trondheim  to Table  involves  tested.  viewpoint)  of  the  by CIMM  concept.  development  Boliden  Scandinavian  purposes.  of  pebble m i l l s .  developments from the  Countries,  amount  diameter/length  at  fully  use a u t o g e n o u s  a considerable  large  been  balance  UNIVERSITY OF TRONDHEIM.  The S c a n d i n a v i a n the  being developed  a p h e n o m e n o l o g i c a l model of  a p p r o a c h has  1.5.4.  is  to  described  (particularly a pilot and the  plant  scale-up mill  and  circuit.  (a)  Feed  Normally, of  (b)  All  Preparation  material  is  used as  received  w i t h maximum lump  size  150mm.  Circuit  streams  Sampling  are  sampled  and  analysed 22  for  %  solids,  size  d i s t r i b u t i o n and f l o w r a t e . e a c h r u n and t h e  (c)  i.  Measured  Fresh  charge  is  Addition  Water  is  is  fed to  measured by  the  mill  averaged  the  mill  load c e l l s  and t h e  is  Power  mill  in batches  over  empty.  used t o  is  known  weight.  time.  load  control  supported  signal the  feed  head  tank,  and  is  determined  is  not a d j u s t e d  l o a d i n g as  it  has been f o u n d  gross  power  is  g r o s s power  KOBE S T E E L ,  recorded  four  Elliott  continuously.  rate.  Chalmers.  information  for  with  the  different to  be  minus no l o a d  Takasago  r  for  speeds  running or  mill  stable,  Net  power  is  equal  in Japan,  under  license  was c o n s t r u c t e d t o  provide  power.  Japan.  grinding mills  A pilot  mill  reasonably  measured by w a t t m e t e r .  Kobe S t e e l m a n u f a c t u r e from A l l i s  by  Draw  It  design  of  from a constant  assembly  The n o - l o a d power  1.5.5.  end of  rotameter.  The e n t i r e  to  the  Load  This iv.  emptied at  analysed.  fed to  Water  Mill  is  Variables  The f e e d r a t e  iii.  mill  Feed  Material  ii.  The  plant  the  sizing 23  of  autogenous  or  semi-autogenous  mills.  have been d e s c r i b e d  The p i l o t  by U c h i d a and  d e s i g n of a 28' x 1 5 ' m i l l pilot  plant  data  Table  l i e gives  the p i l o t  of t h e c i r c u i t .  (a)  Preparation  The n a t u r a l percentage  size  a t Los  i s described  flowsheet  Feed  size  -75mm a r e d e t e r m i n e d  prior  by  plant  distribution  of three  plant  and  test  procedures  Nakajima  (1983), while  Bronces  (Chile)  Tanaka  and  Tanaka  details,  while  Figure  of the m a t e r i a l  fractions,  +150mm,  is  the  based  on  (1983). 5  is  used.  The  -150/+75mm  and  to testing.  HOPPER  BELT FEEDER  X _ — S P E E D MOTOR) SLURRY STORAGE  MILL DISCH. SUMP  F i g u r e 5.  KOBE STEEL  SAG T e s t  Circuit.  24  a  TANK  (b)  Circuit  All  streams,  cyclone solids  Sampling including  and s i z e  Measured  i.  Fresh Feed  is  and b e l t volume  power  is  is  cyclone at net  the  the  mill  conveyor. of  by means of Feed  is  a  vibratory  controlled  to  maintain  between 20% and 25%.  is the  measured w i t h t h e gross  power minus  measured u s i n g a  No d e t a i l s  are  for %  Draw  Net Power  load  s a m p l e d and a n a l y s e d  distribution.  metered t o  No-Load  power  oversize,  Variables  a charge  Power  are  screen  Feed  feeder  Tests  discharge,  o v e r f l o w and u n d e r f l o w ,  (c)  ii.  mill  mill  running  no-load  empty.  power.  Gross  wattmeter.  have been g i v e n  on m i l l  water  addition  or  mill  measurements.  conducted  f e e d water required  specific  at  various  addition.  product  size  power vs p r o d u c t  product  The p r e d i c t e d is  net  then obtained  size.  25  sizes  by  varying  specific  power  from a curve  of  1.5.6.  HANNA  The t e s t  facilities  1970's  REfiEARCHCF.NTKF  plants  began c o m m e r c i a l ore  types.  described mill  f  studies  of Minnesota. testwork  ball  In  the early  ares t i l l  b y Wakeman and Mai see T a b l e  on  f o r outside  The f a c i l i t i e s  details  _Mlnnft°.nta _HRA .  a t Hanna R e s e a r c h were m a i n l y used  f o r comparative  Taconlte  f  (1984)  l i e .  size  parties  usage  Hanna  on a v a r i e t y  and Coyle 6  i n the  1980's,  operational  Figure  i n the  and have  the  been For  (1989).  shows  of  circuit  configuration.  (a)  Feed  Material  Preparation  i s c r u s h e d t o -200mm and c l a s s i f i e d  fractions;  +150mm,  -150mm / +75mm, and -75mm.  fractions  a r e combined t o f e e d  batches.  The p e r c e n t a g e  is  maintained  (b)  Circuit  least  oversize solids  of  a t a constant  them i l l  each s i z e  three The  i n 50 Kg o r fraction  i n each  size three  100 Kg batch  value.  Sampling  Sampling s t a r t s at  into  after  two h o u r s .  the c i r c u i t Mill  has been a t s t e a d y s t a t e f o r  discharge,  trommmel o v e r s i z e ,  and s c r e e n u n d e r f l o w a r e s a m p l e d and a n a l y s e d  and s i z e  distribution.  26  screen for  %  SAG  PILOT PLANT  Figure 6 .  (c)  i.  Hanna R e s e a r c h  Measured  Fresh  ii.  A  Variables  of  feed  Water  Circuit,  Feed  Batches The  SAG T e s t  known w e i g h t  rate  are  is averaged  fed  over  to  the  mill  periodically.  time.  Addition  Brooks  addition. maintained  rotameter A  mill  is  used  to  discharge  %  by m a n u a l l y a d j u s t i n g  required.  27  measure solids  the  water  mill of  water  60-63% addition  is as  111.  Mill  Load  The e n t i r e  mill  which p r o v i d e This  signal  is  and d r i v e  an  indirect  used t o  check  volumetric  iii.  Power  is  load  charge  feed a d d i t i o n  feed  to  cells volume.  the  mill  conveyor.  to  ensure  the  correct  Draw  the  motor  the  pinion  empty f o r Gross  mill  IRSID,.  Details  on t h i s  (1968).  For  arrangement  is  is  measured by a w a t t m e t e r  power s u p p l y and by a t o r q u e m e t e r shaft  of  power  a period  the  is of  drive  6 to  installed  on on  system.  determined with the  Power minus N o - L o a d  1.5.7.  Feed  the  of  on  loading.  The n o - l o a d  (a)  measurement  done e v e r y hour  The power drawn by t h e  in Figure  supported  control  by s t o p p i n g and s t a r t i n g  A visual  is  8 hours.  Net  mill  having  power  run  is  the  Power.  France.  installation Mill  have  details  essentially  the  see  been g i v e n by J a v e l l e Table  same as t h e  4.  Preparation 28  lid.  The  CIMM c i r c u i t  et  al  circuit shown  The  feed  is  split  -60mm m a t e r i a l while mill be  the  into  is  two f r a c t i o n s ,  fed to  the  +60mm f r a c t i o n  feed conveyor.  is  mill  +60mm and  by a c o n s t a n t  added m a n u a l l y  The % of  -60mm. weight  in batches  +60mm m a t e r i a l  i n the  The feeder, to  the  feed  may  varied.  (b)  Circuit  An a u t o m a t i c oversize  i.  Fresh  for  is  the  i n timed  are  sampled  Screen  periodically  c a n be  measured by c a l i b r a t i n g  -60mm f r a c t i o n .  batches  and  of  Addition  Water  addition  while  the  water  meter.  input  The c o a r s e r  known w e i g h t  to  overall  the  mill  flow to  Load  Checked  the  so an  of  the  fraction  is  average  feed  calculated.  Water  Mill  oversize  screen underflow.  Variables  feed rate  rate  ill.  u s e d on t h e  Feed  feeder fed  is  calculated.  Measured  The  ii.  sampler  and trommel  flowrates  (c)  Sampling  visually.  29  is the  measured circuit  is  by  rotameter,  measured  by  a  Iv.  power  Draw:  G r o s s Power t o t h e m i l l Load  Power  Net Power  i s measured  i s measured w i t h  the m i l l  when s t e a d y s t a t e  The  for  was c a r r i e d  selection  of  facilities  SAG  the  same a s t h a t  The  plant  Copper  testing  Utah  Copper  details  Feed  feed  Power.  determine  Corp.  when t h e need facilities  at  Chino  and  Extensive  see Table l i d .  Ray.  described  The  arose  a t the  out t o p r o v i d e d e s i g n parameters  circuits  became  for the  The  test  b y Themmelis and  (1985).  circuit  used b y CIMM, a s shown  is  essentially  i n F i g u r e 4.  Preparation  material  i sc l a s s i f i e d  -100mm / +50mm, and -50mm. consistent  to  Divisions.  ( 1 9 7 8 ) , and b y J e r g e n s e n a n d Pena  Mill  Load  USA.  Kennecott  a n d p r o c e d u r e s have been  For  (a)  pilot  Chino and  testwork  Last  of  r  r e p l a c e m e n t and e x p a n s i o n o f g r i n d i n g  company's Ray,  No  empty.  h a s been a c h i e v e d .  Metal Mining D i v i s i o n w i t h SAG m i l l  No  operating  and used  KENNECOTT RESEARCH CENTRE. UTAH  Involved  Wattmeter.  i s e q u a l t o G r o s s Power minus  Power Draw i s r e c o r d e d on a c h a r t  1.5.8  by  batches which  into  These  three  fractions,  fractions  are fed t o the m i l l  30  +100mm,  a r e combined by b e l t  into  feeder.  (b)  Circuit  When s t e a d y discharge, for  (c)  i.  Sampling  state  operation  classifier  s a n d and c l a s s i f i e r  Measured  Fresh  is  loaded in batches The  the  feed  sampling  feed r a t e  of  30% of m i l l  27% t o  Power  gross  the  power  sampled  analysis.  of  rate  known is  weight  onto  the  averaged  over  the  period.  is  adjusted to maintain a m i l l volume.  This  is  checked  charge  visually.  Draw power  kilowatt-hour is  overflow are  mill  Load  The f r e s h  The  feed,  Feed  d u r a t i o n of  Mill  the  Variables  feed conveyor.  iii.  achieved,  % s o l i d s d e t e r m i n a t i o n and s i z e  Material  ii.  is  is  measured  using  an  meter and a r e c o r d i n g w a t t m e t e r .  difference  between g r o s s power  o p e r a t i n g empty.  31  loaded  integrating Net and  power gross  Pilot  LAKEFIELD  Plant  RESEARCH  MINTEK  Location  Ontario,  Canada  Randburg,  Mill  Hardinge  Cascade  Aerofall  Type  Dimensions Discharge  1.8m d i a . x Arrg't.  0.6m  Grate/Trunnion  Drive  25hp M o t o r ,  Configuration  Drive,Reducer,Chain Drive  Trommel  Screen  to  1. 7m d i a . x  V-Belt  Mill Optional  Liners  Smooth  Smooth  Lifters  35-40mm  Grate  6.5mm s l o t s  12mm  50x75mm  Optional  Pebble  Ports  Classifying Mill  Device  Bearings  Sweco  o.5m L  Grate/Trunnion  Optional  Openings  RSA.  Projection  (Optional)  Vib.Screen  Screen/Cyclone  Hydrodynamic  Hydrodynamic  Flowsheet  Single/Two  Wet or  Arrangements  AG/SAG: AG w i t h  Autogenous  Available  Pebble  Semi-Autogenous  and Average  Duration  of  Run  Test  Amount o f required  Table I l a .  Material per  Stage  Extraction  2 to  6 Hours  3 to  2 to  10  20 Tonnes  Tonnes  8 Hours  1 series  Plant  or  Crushing  Run  Pilot  Dry  Details:  32  Lakefield  for of  runs  Research & Mintek.  P i l o t Plant  CIMM  Location  Santiago,  Mill  Hardinge Cascade  Wet or Dry  Dimensions  1.8m d i a . x 0.6m  800mmdia.xlOOOmmL  Discharge A r r g ' t .  Grate/Trunnion  G/T,Rubber/Steel  Drive  30hp Motor, V - B e l t  Configuration  Speed Reducer,Chain Drive t o M i l l  5 KW Motor, B e l t D r i v e , Reducer, Chain Drive on M i l l , Variable Speed 20-50 RPM.  Yes  Yes, Various S i z e s  Liners  Smooth  Smooth  Lifters  No Information  70mm W x 40mm H  Grate  12 mm S l o t s  5mm t o 50mm  Optional  Yes  Spiral  Screen/Cyclone  Type  Trommel  Screen  Openings  Pebble  Ports  Classifying Mill  Device  Bearings  UNIV. OF TRONDHEIM Chile  Norway.  Classifier  Hydrodynamic  Lube  Flowsheet  S i n g l e or Two Stage  Arrangements  AG or SAG  Available Average D u r a t i o n  Roller  Bearings  Wet or Dry,AG/SAG Open C c t . o r Closed with Screen, Cyclones and Crusher f o r Pebbles.  24 Hours  2 to 4 hrs.  5 t o 40 Tonnes  1 t o 2 Tonnes  of Test Run Amount of M a t e r i a l r e q u i r e d per Run  Table l i b .  P i l o t Plant Details: Trondhelm  33  CIMM  and U n i v e r s i t y  of  P i l o t Plant  KOBE STEEL  HANNA RESEARCH  Location  Japan  Minn., USA.  Mill  Kobe  Nordberg  1.8m d i a . x 0.875m L  1.7m diaxO.8-l.7mL  Grate/Trunnion  Grate/Trunnion  50HP, Speed Reducer Gear D r i v e , M i l l Speed 25.8 RPM (78% C r i t i c a l )  60 HP Motor, Speed Reducer, Chain Drive t o Mill, (75% C r i t i c a l )  Trommel Screen  No  Yes  Liners  No I n f o . A v a i l a b l e  No I n f o . A v a i l a b l e  Lifters  No I n f o . A v a i l a b l e  100mm High  Grate Openings  12 mm  12mm & 20mm s l o t s  Pebble P o r t s  No  No  Screen/Cyclone  Screen  Journal  4 Roller  Flowsheet  Ag or SAG, Open  Arrangements  Circuit  Available  with Screen  Ag or SAG. Open C c t . o r Closed with Screen, S i n g l e stage or Two stage  Average D u r a t i o n  4 t o 6 Hours  8 t o 10 Hours  5 t o 10 Tonnes  10 t o 50 Tonnes  Type  Dimensions Discharge  Arrg't.  Drive Configuration  Classifying Mill  Device  Bearings  slots  or C l o s e d Cyclone  Bearings  of T e s t Run Amount of M a t e r i a l r e q u i r e d per Run  Table l i e .  P i l o t Plant Details:  34  Kobe S t e e l & Hanna Research  IRSID  KENNECOTT  Location  France  Utah, USA  Mill  HardInge Cascade  HardInge Cascade  Pilot  Plant  Type  Dimensions  1.8m  Discharge A r r g ' t .  Grate/Trunnion  Grate/Trunnion  Drive  30HP Motor, V - B e l t  Configuration  Dr i ve,Reduce r,Cha i n Drive to M i l l  Motor, V - B e l t D r i v e , Reducer, Chain D r i v e t o Mill. 72-76% C r i t i c a l  Trommel Screen  Yes  No  Liners  Smooth  Smooth  Lifters  No I n f o . A v a i l a b l e  No I n f o . A v a i l a b l e  Grate Openings  10 mm  N/A  Pebble  N/A  No  Screen  Rake  Ports  Classifying Mill  Device  Bearings  d i a . x 0.6m  L  Slots  Hydrodynamic  Lube  1.8m  d i a x 0.6m  Classifier  Hydrodynamic  Lube  Flowsheet  AG or SAG, Open  Arrangements  Circuit  Available  With Screen  Average  Duration  3 to 4 Hours  8 t o 10 Hours  of T e s t  Run 2 to 5 tonnes  2 t o 10 Tonnes  Amount of M a t e r i a l  or Closed  AG or SAG, Open C i r c u i t or Closed With Screen, S i n g l e or Two Stage with lm x lm B a l l M i l l  r e q u i r e d per Run  Table l i d .  Pilot  Plant D e t a i l s :  35  L  IRSID and Kennecott.  1.5.9.  OTHERS  A number  of  world,  but  detail  other  test  sufficient  circuits published  here.  These  ( f o r m e r l y the  Colorado  School  SMALL-SCALE  amount  of  tests  are  scope  of  results pilot  have  material  the  the  less  greater  variety  The use o f  the  is  are  the  available Process  to Inc.  Research C e n t r e ) ,  MPSI  Traylor.  classified  equipment,  required  costs  Batch  tests  and t h e  of  less  plants  tests  While  considerably  limited,  as p i l o t  duration  t o do a t e s t .  involved  devise  material, of  ore  some  and batch  material,  reliability  are  quite  often  in p i l o t  plant  testing,  of  the the  followed  by  "small-scale  less  time,  types  1 1  and  tests.  These  accordingly,  to  be  tested  tests  to  predict  attempts would  enable  quickly  and  a at  cost.  "small-scale"  requirements  MacPherson  not  around  testing.  require  grinding  of  testwork  been made t o  reasonable  Mines  and F u l l e r  facilities  questionable.  of  was  International  of  i n use w h i c h r e q u i r e  plant  Because  size  operation  CIRCUITS.  The p r e c e e d i n g t e s t b a s e d on t h e  in  data  include  (formerly Koppers/Hardinge),  1.6.  are  (1977).  of  an  ore  was  first  the  introduced  He used a 45cm (18") d i a m e t e r 36  autogenous  dry  by  Aerofall  mill  to  grind  The p r o d u c t s Index" grind  small are  similar  f r o m an  to  the  An e x t e n s i v e correlation  This  is  infinite  Bond Work  between t h e  and  defined  as t h e  size  45cm  as t h e  became h a r d e r ,  circuit  the  MacPherson  accuracy  the autogenous  is  This  basis  information  circuit  and t h e  method  to  is  has  out  rock. Work  required  to  100  ^m,  i.e.  to  check  the  scale  results.  some o r e s .  However,  work  index  the  full  range  of  predict  on t h e  data  for  a  has been p u b l i s h e d  of  the  reasonable will  be  for  commercial  on t h e  in Australia  basis  the  circuit.  with  on  for  scale  requirements  available  The K i d s t o n P r o j e c t  45cm M i l l .  work  full  for  for  grinding  service  w h i c h was d e s i g n e d  u s i n g the  and  a wide  able  an unknown o r e .  used.  crushed  "Autogenous  was c a r r i e d  than  45cm c i r c u i t ,  techniques  an  autogenous  was much h i g h e r  little  or  80% p a s s i n g  were r e p o r t e d  having c o l l e c t e d  and  to  mill  Nevertheless,  what  core  sized,  p r o g r a m o£ t e s t w o r k  correlations  small  drill  Index.  Reasonable ore  of  collected,  determined. ore  samples  actual  uses a  small-scale  SAG  testing  Performance  has been up t o  expectations  been  on  Placer  projects.  However,  experience  and judgement  used  considerable of  the  37  subsequent  reliance developer.  is  placed  in  Dome the  1•6.1.  45cm T e s t  The A e r o f a l l  test  Hazen R e s e a r c h components  Circuit  mill  used by M a c P h e r s o n  I n c . , Golden,  of the c i r c u i t  including  supply the a i r f l o w required the  mill,  material  and  a  Colorado.  The m i l l  7  located shows  a draught  system  to  remove  the  the  fan to  t o remove t h e g r o u n d m a t e r i a l  collection  at  from  ground  from the a i r s t r e a m .  Hazen R e s e a r c h T e s t  itself  25cm l o n g s h e l l trunnions  now  Figure  the m i l l ,  AEROFALL 18" TEST MILL & ANCILLARY  F i g u r e 7.  is  ( see F i g u r e fitted  r u n n i n g on  Circuit.  8) c o n s i s t s  with  ball  EQUIPMENT  axially  bearings.  38  o f a 45cm d i a m e t e r by mounted The  hollow  mill  ends  steel have  deflector  shaped s t e e l  lifters.  The d r i v e  v-belt  drive.  r u n n i n g speed  Speed  liners,  consists  while  the s h e l l  has r e c t a n g u l a r  o f a 1/2 HP m o t o r ,  is variable  reducer,  f r o m 0% t o 100%,  but  and  normal  i s 52 RPM (87% c r i t i c a l ) .  C R O S S - S E C T I O N OF THE A E R O F A L L MILL  PORTS  Figure 8.  Six  Aerofall  peripheral  the d i s c h a r g e product is  discharge deflector  i f required.  used w i t h o u t  vertical  45cm SAG T e s t  ports  classifier  are cut into  liners,  Normally,  peripheral passes  Mill.  f o r the removal  shell of  a  the standard air-swept  discharge. over  39  the  a  The Sweco  product screen.  below coarse system  from  the  Screen  opening after the  is  1190 m i c r o n s  considerable  mill  products  while  experimentation.  undersize  from the  standard b a l l  (14 m e s h ) .  is  cyclone  charge  used  Material jaw  inch  the  automatic  for  feed s i z e .  power  Prony steady  is  the  collected.  The  and has a  size  with 2.5  i n the  set  of  tests.  a preset  one  determined.  end of a r u n t o  is  Syntron  mill  in  a  p r o d u c e a minus b l e n d e d and feeder  regulates  l o a d which  is  fed  with the  an feed  measured  a c c o r d i n g to a formula e s t a b l i s h e d  Sampling  a  by c r u s h i n g  1 inch to  The c o n t r o l l e r  of  the  has been a c h i e v e d .  over  mill  a sound m o n i t o r .  calculated  distributions at  The  graded charge  The c r u s h e d m a t e r i a l  by means of  state  intervals  naturally  also  returned  product.  in weight,  40 l b s .  f r o m a f e e d hopper by a  brake  a  is  running  continuously to maintain  Net  as  are  feed c o n t r o l l e r .  indirectly  to  is  and f i l t e r  w i t h an open s i d e  mill  Oversize  balls.  prepared  crusher  1.25 to  is  at  collected  d i s t r i b u t i o n corresponding to i n c h make-up  T h i s s i z e was a r r i v e d  to  circuit  Samples two  hour  The e n t i r e  check  for  40  are  mill  critical  commences taken  period, charge size  is  by when  at  timed  and  size  analysed  build-up.  CHAPTER 2  60cm PILOT PLANT AT UBC  2.1.  Introduction  In 1 9 8 2 , D o m i n i o n E n g i n e e r i n g i n t h e Department University model  of B r i t i s h  SAG m i l l  assembled  of the p r o j e c t  on r e p r e s e n t a t i v e  of c o n d i t i o n s .  importance  rate,  samples  ball  mill  possibility  of  develop  a  centered  around  and  i s housed  at  factors  scale  the  mathematical a  Mineral  60cm was  Processing  today.  small-scale  of ore from o p e r a t i n g m i l l s ,  using  would be  used  tests under a  to  assess  such as charge volume,  and t o d e v e l o p  a  feed  mathematical  SAG m i l l .  the ores,  circuit  feasibility  o f SAG f o r o t h e r  size  mills,  i s now b e i n g e x a m i n e d a t UBC.  mill  selection  and d e s i g n  project  Engineering,  was t o c o n d u c t  speed,  model r e p r e s e n t i n g a f u l l  The  Coal  a  Processing  Dominion  The r e s u l t s  of v a r i o u s  charge,  to  by  for  initiated  Mineral  plant,  constructed  where t h e c i r c u i t  The o b j e c t i v e  variety  A pilot  i n the Centre  Laboratory,  and  Columbia,  o f a SAG m i l l .  diameter  the  of Mining  of Montreal  and  is generally 41  to  to  based  evaluate  scale-up At on  to  present, pilot  the full SAG plant  tests  using  c a n be  required  could  design  2m d i a m e t e r  substantial,  material mill  1.5m t o  scale  reliable  of  results  circuits,  The c o s t  because  and t h e d u r a t i o n  provide  full  mainly  mills.  then  of the  the  of  tests  quantities  tests.  If  w i t h which t o  considerable  such  the  60cm  select  savings  of  and could  ensue.  The s u b s e q u e n t  sections  test-procedures, data  base  for  the  of  this  and a n a l y t i c a l  thesis methods  60cm m i l l .  42  describe used t o  the  equipment,  establish  a  2.£.  2.2.1  Equipment  In common w i t h section  1.5,  version  of  9  Description of Test C i r c u i t  is  a  of  the  t h e UBC c i r c u i t  the  full-scale  basic  flowsheet  equipment  Material  many  i t e m s and  is  fed to  vibrating  feeder.  depending  on t h e  depending  The  level  feedrate  program  may  operation) weight the  be  or  following  at  activated the m i l l .  of  a fixed  are  batch  from  to  scaled  showing  in down  Figure the  main  an  Eriez  the  cycle.  weight  open the is  be  The  case  a  e.g.  is  setpoint, taken,  gate,  and  of  discharging  then c l o s e d  and t h e  control feedrate  bin  started, is  material  air  is  fully in  cylinder  bin  the  stopped.  the m a t e r i a l empty  mill  executes  is  feeder an  the  program  The  the  weight  control  feeder  is  program  fixed to  the c o n t r o l  When t h e w e i g h t  (1989),  batch  to  for  vibrating  al  control  input  (  custom  Material  Both  by  adjusted A  et  the m i l l .  a weighing b i n .  bin  can  by M u l a r  operator  The  into  by means o f  interval.  required.  In e i t h e r  The g a t e  a  industry.  vibration  determined  by a l o a d c e l l .  to  from a hopper  feedrate  reaches a predetermined  A final  in  system  as d e s c r i b e d  feedrate  dispensing material  bin  the  f r o m a remote s e t p o i n t ,  setpoint.  supported  found  described  required during a test.  the  interval on t h e  of  mill  in batches  batch  essentially  circuits  the  m e a s u r e s and c o n t r o l s  and  is  facilities  instrumentation.  d e s i g n e d mass f l o w m e t e r ,  dispensed  test  is into  weight  Fresh Feed Hopper Hopper Vibration Signal or (Digital output)  Bin Open/Close (Digital Output)  Bin Open/ Close Digital Output  Feeder vibr. Signal (Digital Output)  V  f"eate Open/Close (Digital Output)  U7 Flow  _^p^_^Flow Rate Signal (analog input) Fresh Water  Flow Control Signal (AnalogOutput)  Level Set Point Motor Speed Signal (Digital Input) Mill Torque Signal (Analog Input)  UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA MINING a MINERAL PROCESS ENG. 60 cm SAG MILL CIRCUIT  taken  to determine  system then the  cycle  idles  starts  be a c h i e v e d  The m i l l  for  net the  again.  weight  was  Ltd.,  and i s  enters  removable  end  and plate  i n the  and  a  trunnion also  10.  60cm SAG M i l l  interval,  range  and  0-4 Kg/min can  fabricated  Figure  15 are  10.  cm  by  Dominion  Mill  Critical opening  to  inside  speed while  incorporated  connects  Arrangement. 45  The  2%.  mechanism.  Figure  dispensed.  batch  by 25cm l o n g .  through  which  the  about  shown i n  54 RPM.  grate  of  designed  60cm d i a m e t e r  discharge  of  Flowrates  dimensions are Feed  of m a t e r i a l  balance  w i t h an a c c u r a c y  itself  Engineering  the  the  is the  into  a  drive  A  machined  horizontal support mill  ring rollers  frame  load  rests  attached  to  the  which are  fixed  mill  to a support  on a l o a d beam w h i c h  continuously.  Axial  shell  thrust  is  is  runs frame.  used  taken  on  to  2 The  monitor  up by  an  air  bearing.  The m i l l D.C.  drive  motor,  torquemeter reducer. on t h e  mill  is  the  output  attached  shaft  connects  This  shell  of  fitted  with  expermentation  shaft.  of  the  bearing  no a x i a l  mill.  8 equally  addition  to  of  A speed  mounted  forces  Speed  25mm  into  a is  a constant  the  from  same  are  may  grate  75cm  of  be  bars,  ends  are The  10mm w i d t h  shell  wall.  following  at This  considerable  arrangements.  by  controlled  40cm  pumpbox.  to maintain  head on t h e  a variable-pitch  a  Water constant  s l u r r y pump f e e d i n g  may be a l t e r e d  46  lifter  dimensions.  slots  the  at  Pumping r a t e  pump s p e e d by means of  of  spaced  f e e d and d i s c h a r g e  concentric  arrived  pumpbox  screen.  The  bars  with various  discharges  and t h u s  and  was  The m i l l  the  lifter  consists  10mm  configuration  shaft  that  and t h e  by 25mm w i d e .  distances  drive  speed  58 rpm.  is  grate  variable  to a s p l i n e  ensures  between t h e d r i v e  with r a d i a l  vibrating  to  end p l a t e .  discharge  level,  a 3 HP  universal  40mm i n h e i g h t fitted  of  and  from 0 to  The m i l l  consists  speed r e d u c e r ,  The d r i v e  transmitted varied  arrangement  sheave.  by v a r y i n g  the the  The m a t e r i a l Universal  from the  Vibrating  pumpbox i s  Screen.  The u n d e r s i z e p a s s e s t o  oversize  is  to  the  one on t h e  the  fresh  Water a d d i t i o n t o  is  via  the  mill  (i.e.  is  at  the  b e g i n n i n g of  feed  a test  by  openings are  70cm 6.25mm  while  a mass f l o w m e t e r  controlled  a DP c e l l  fresh  60cm  the  similar  system.  which  in p r o p o r t i o n to  to  a  a drum t h i c k e n e r  mill  feed  the m i l l  v a l v e d o w n s t r e a m of Water a d d i t i o n  to  on  Screen c l o t h  (1/4").  returned  sized  plus  run,  by means of  measures  the  total  a  the  control  flowrate.  solids  oversize).  feedrate  The r a t i o  b u t may be v a r i e d  is  set  from run  to  run.  2.2.2.  Instrumentation  The c i r c u i t and d a t a are  is  fully  beam f o r  mill  fresh  shaft  revolution  water torque  counter  and dp c e l l s  and pumpbox at  the  efficiency  f e e d and s c r e e n  to d e t e c t flowmeter  measurement  energy  factors  input  of of  the net  to  the  a p p l i e d to  the 47  Included  oversize;  load  t o measure  mill  shaft,  speed;  a level detector  the  to  Direct  power  motor.  has  a in  feed  pump  measure  mill  measurement  speed reducer mill  which  screen  plates  addition.  shaft  measurement  output  on  with o r i f i c e  water  output  a more a c c u r a t e electrical  facilitate  process v a r i a b l e s .  speed r e d u c e r  pumpbox; a m a g n e t i c  discharge  to  weight m o n i t o r i n g ; a torquemeter  mounted on t h e  of  important  for  power  the  Elements.  instrumented  l o g g i n g of a l l  mass f l o w m e t e r s  & Control  of  is  considered  than  measurement  This  is  because  motor and s p e e d r e d u c e r  are  not  fixed,  2.2.3.  Circuit  There are level  b u t change d e p e n d i n g on t h e  is  Control  two s e p a r a t e controlled  compares t h e setpoint  load.  level  control  involved.  signal  level  deviation.  The m a j o r i t y  of  from  the  the  water  pumpbox  control  functions  an ACTION Model BC2 d i g i t a l  control  computer.  use  i n the  instruments  algorithms,  d e s c r i p t i o n of  been g i v e n by M u l a r  2.3.  To  date,  interrupts  60cm  representative  circuit  samples  and f r o m one g o l d  the et  circuits,  p e r f o r m e d by  to d i g i t a l  form f o r control  execute  control with  printer.  instrumentation  and  (1988).  tests  have  been  f r o m o p e r a t i n g Copper  the  A  TEST PROCEDURES  property  while  to  signals  to  circuit al  so as  Analog  in  Alaska.  conducted mines  These  s a m p l e s were a c q u i r e d d u r i n g s a m p l i n g c a m p a i g n s scale  a  and t o communicate  t h r o u g h a v i d e o d i s p l a y and  A more d e t a i l e d has  and  actuate control elements,  operator  control  converted  are  computer by means of an A/D c o n v e r t e r .  program uses s u b r o u t i n e s  the  are  with  flowrate setpolnt  circuit  various  pumpbox which  minimize the  from the  The  by a F o x b o r o SPEC 200 a n a l o g s y s t e m  and m a n i p u l a t e s  the  systems  g o l d ore 48  was r e c e i v e d  in copper  on  the  f r o m Echo  on B.C., ore full Bay  Mines L t d ,  via  Running t e s t s steps:  Lakefield  i n the  ensuring  preparation;  until  circuit  steady  relevant  circuit  collected  small  proper  steady state  circuit  mill  over  is  of a  set  a suitable  d u r i n g the  suitable  comparative  parameters.  2.3.1.  Calibration  of  all  achieved;  p r o c e s s i n g of  ore  involves  under  state  variables  samples;  where t h e  calibration  r u n n i n g the  conditions at  Research,  the  was  the  test  following  sensors;  of  of  analysis data  to  of  all the  determine  Sensors  (1987)  include  - fresh  f e e d mass f l o w m e t e r ,  addition, weight,  Prior are  the  l o g g i n g of  C a l i b r a t i o n p r o c e d u r e s have been d e s c r i b e d by K i n g s t o n and  feed  predetermined  sampling  period;  test;  tested.  to  torquemeter,  and m i l l  2.3.2.  Feed  In  to  order  method o f  flowmeter,  pump d i s c h a r g e ,  pumpbox  mill  water  level,  mill  speed.  running a s e r i e s  checked to  oversize  ensure  of  accuracy  tests and  on  a  given  ore,  these  consistency.  Preparation  produce r e l i a b l e  and  f e e d p r e p a r a t i o n must be  test.  49  reproducible consistent  results, from  test  the to  Ore s a m p l e s t a k e n drums f o r  at  a full  transport.  On  scale  receipt  weighed,  d r i e d , and t h e  moisture  analysis  is  o r e as  lVz"  is  c r u s h e d u s i n g a jaw  1 /i<s" ••  This gives  3  for  done on t h e  the  UBC,  content  crusher  put  into  the  material  determined, Material  of  is  A  size  larger  w i t h an Open S i d e  size  sealed  than  Set  approximately  of lVz"  60cm mi 1 1 . and t h e  balance  and t h o r o u g h l y b l e n d e d u n t i l at  this  run a f u r t h e r pan f e e d e r  segregation  feed m a t e r i a l  2.3.3  (approx.  i n the steady  Running a  Once t h e  material  attaching  the  c o n n e c t i n g the  and t o g e t  hopper. state  loaded  Kg  done.  sample  During a  f r o m the  is test  vibratory  comparison.  into  the  feed  in  order  to  each) This  recombined  A riffled  taken  done f o r  ore are  is  especially  bin  in  minimize important  sampling p e r i o d .  Test  has  been p r e p a r e d ,  drive  the m i l l  The  mill  should  an hour empty t o a l l o w  filled  r e a d i n g on t h e  to  is  readied  p o s i t i o n i n g the d i s c h a r g e  shaft.  an a c c u r a t e  The pumpbox i s  is  2  end p l a t e ,  approximately half  the  and a s i z e a n a l y s i s  one or two s a m p l e s a r e  batches,  d u r i n g the  stage  of  homogenous.  and a s i z e a n a l y s i s  The p r e p a r e d small  at  are  received.  a feed top  The c r u s h e d m a t e r i a l  taken  circuit  the  operating 50  be  bearings  tare  chute, run to  by and for  warm up  torque.  level,  the  pump  is  started  and t h e  loop s t a b i l i z e s  Empty m i l l until  it  torque run.  bearings  very  torque  has  for If  flowrate  is  adjusted  not,  run. the  the  required  value.  This  quickly.  checked d u r i n g  stabilized.  the  to  It  This  the  stable  value  should remain  condition  of  the  mill is  the  constant  riding  s h o u l d be examined as s h o u l d  warm-up  the  tare  from  ring  mill  run  and  thrust  period  to  support  bearing  air  pressure.  Empty m i l l  A number to  weight  of  starting  developed ores.  1.  a run.  is  mill.  start  must be s p e c i f i e d  A set  of  comparsions  Standard may be  of  each  by t h e  operator  Conditions  made  run.  between  prior  has  been  different  are:  calculated  to achieve  The c a l c u l a t i o n  ball  charge,  ore,  a 30% c h a r g e  procedure  and w a t e r ,  and  takes is  volume  account  given  in of  i n Appendix  the the I.  MUljspeed  Mill  speed  speed  is  variable  by means o f  Speed used  3.  the  MUi_welght_Setpoint  This  2.  taken before  parameters  so t h a t  These  is  Water  is  from  zero  a rheostat  78% of  Critical  Ratio 51  to  110%  controller. or  42 RPM.  of  Critical  The  Standard  The water solids It the  i s fed to the m i l l  feed  (i.e.fresh  is desirable range  4.  feed plus r e c i r c u l a t e d  to maintain m i l l A  55-70%.  s t a n d a r d i z e d upon, solids  in proportion to  water  giving a theoretical  of  total  oversize  ).  %  solids  in  0.6  has  discharge ratio  the  mill  been  discharge  %  o f 62.5.  Ball  Charge  A graded b a l l pi  charge  i s u s e d b a s e d on t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p  = [di/dn]  where p i = % b y w e i g h t dn = s i z e  A ball  charge  on.  This  4  of b a l l  o f make-up  balls  o f 9.9% o f m i l l consists  of  size di  volume h a s been  the  following  standardized sizes  and  distribution: Ball  Size  Weight (Kg)  2" 1.5" 1.25" 1.0" 0.875" 0.75"  11.2 0 10.60 3.80 1.85 0.95 _1.3Q  Total  To b e g i n a t e s t  run,  program i n i t i a t e d . various  Fresh  setpoints  29.60 Kg  the b a l l It  will  charge prompt  i s l o a d e d and t h e c o n t r o l the  operator  f o r the  required.  feed t o the m i l l  starts  o f f at a high  52  rate  to  quickly  fill the  the m i l l . feedrate  As t h e m i l l  This  proposed  fill-up  The  mill  at  least  rate  loop  h a s been f o u n d  f o r the c o n t r o l l e r  considered  mill  at  At  weight  this  setpoint  weight  is  control  stable.  A  i n Appendix X I .  h a l f an h o u r .  state  torque  approached,  t o be v e r y  i s presented  steady  w e i g h t and m i l l  20 m i n u t e s .  is  i s s e t by t h e m i l l  phase n o r m a l l y t a k e s a b o u t  is  oversize,  feed  control  model  The  setpoint  i s c u t , and f i n a l l y when m i l l  reached, the f r e s h loop.  weight  when  fresh  have r e m a i n e d  point  the  feed,  stable for  sampling  period  begins.  2.3.4  Sampling  Circuit  a t Steady  State  Samples o f a l l p r o c e s s s t r e a m s a r e t a k e n o v e r minutes.  Table  I I I . summarizes t h e samples t h a t  the  method u s e d and t h e f r e q u e n c y .  and  oversize  others This  streams a r e  that  not  disturbed  At  the  sampled  less  the steady s t a t e  the  taken,  fresh  frequently  64  than  feed the  stopped  contents are l o s t . end p l a t e  operation  of the c i r c u i t i s  unduly.  conclusion  immediately  mill.  Note t h a t  are  of  - n o r m a l l y a t t h e b e g i n n i n g and a t t h e end o f t h e r u n .  ensures  mill  a period  of  the  so t h a t  none  The d r i v e  removed  Wash w a t e r used  sampling of  shaft  to c o l l e c t to clean  period, the  is  steady  mill  state  disconnected  a l l of the contents  out the m i l l  53  the  is mill  and  the  of  the  i s recorded.  TABLE I I I .  SAMPLE  METHOD  FREQUENCY  FRESH FEED  Scoop Sample  2 or  taken  3 samples  from V i b .  Feeder.  per  MILL  Bucket  DISCHARGE  15 Second Sample.  8 Samples per T e s t .  SCREEN UNDERFLOW  5 Second Sample  SCREEN OVERSIZE  B a t c h Taken Weigh B i n .  PUMP BOX WATER  10 Second Sample.  Location,  Table I I I .  displayed  run,  the  on t h e  8 Samples per T e s t .  Beneath  2 Samples per T e s t .  Bucket  at  steady  following process variables  (gm/min)  O v e r s i z e Flow Rate  (gm/min)  Mill  Weight  (A/O  units)  Mill  Torque  (A/D  units)  S c r e e n F e e d Pump D i s c h a r g e Mill  Water  (gm/min)  Mill  Speed  (RPM)  (A/D  54  sampling for  state.  v i d e o s c r e e n and p r i n t e d  F r e s h Feed R a t e  2 or 3 Samples per T e s t  m e t h o d , and f r e q u e n c y of  60cm c i r c u i t  D u r i n g the  Bucket  Test.  units)  are  on h a r d  measured,  copy:  2.3.5.  Size  P r o c e s s i n a of  analysis  Samples.  and % s o l i d s d e t e r m i n a t i o n a r e  samples t a k e n d u r i n g the dry is  screening.  The volume  c h e c k e d and  best  a  full  Careful  scale  To  date,  sampled, small  the  planning  the  four  mine is  in Chapter  operating  circuit. 3.  Copper  In  Bay  mill  circuit  management  least  in  requires  and  order  interruption  the  close  research  to  obtain  to  the  the  normal  circuits  feed  The r e s u l t s  Section  2.4  (1986),  samples of  these  provides out a t  Similkameen  in  a  Lornex (1987),  B.C.  have  processed tests  are  in  the  presented  description (1983),  been  of  the  Afton  (1986),  and H i g h l a n d  Valley  (1987).  addition,  Echo  state  setpoint.  required  SAG  s a m p l i n g campaigns c a r r i e d I s l a n d Copper  contents  steady  and  plant.  and r e p r e s e n t a t i v e  scale  the  grinding  p o s s i b l e data w i t h the  o p e r a t i o n of  wet  Acquisition of F u l l - S c a l e Data  c o - o p e r a t i o n between team.  of  all  u s i n g a c o m b i n a t i o n of  compared w i t h t h e  S. 4.  Sampling of  run  p e r f o r m e d on  s a m p l e s of  Mines L t d .  for  a g o l d ore  p r o c e s s i n g i n the  has been t e s t e d  extensively  and t h e  of  results  those  have  at  tests  the  55  obtained  60cm m i l l .  Lakefield  have been  comparison purposes.  been  made  Research  from  This  ore  Centre  available  for  2. 4 . 1 .  Lornex  During the  summer o f  1983,  an e x t e n s i v e  conducted at  the  Mular  and c o - w o r k e r s .  (1983)  including  Lornex Corp.  of  ore  types  designated  were  Six  a total  of  Lornex,  a 34ft.  thirty  for  the  test  where make-up water to a s t a t i o n a r y  training,  by  required planning,  dry  the  Mine  "Medium",  r u n s were c o n d u c t e d  runs.  11.  by  "Soft",  The  diameter  shown i n F i g u r e  mill.  identified  separate  B.C.,  5 weeks was  devices,  was  runs  and  samples.  "Very S o f t " ,  Hard".  selected  of  Logan L a k e ,  of  safety  sampling  handling/packaging  near  A period  familiarization,  construction  Five  plant  s a m p l i n g campaign  largest  by 12 f t .  runs.  added.  screen.  is  of  to  feed  each ore  type  type  for  SAG m i l l s  the  is  a  is  pumpbox  then  returned  two  at was  circuit  into  slurry is  "Very  on C - C i r c u i t ,  discharges  Discharge  split  three  and  and  on e a c h o r e  long m i l l  Screen Oversize  Screen Underflow  "Hard",  the  A schematic  The SAG m i l l is  of  Geologist,  pumped to  secondary  the ball  mills .  The p r o c e d u r e the  coarse  ore  The mine would ore  type  to  employed  stockpile  w h i c h s e r v e s as  t h e n send a s u f f i c i e n t  last  for  a 24 hour  r u n s were c o m p l e t e d . different  for  conditions  of  period,  The  six  mill  speed,  to  feed  of  during  mill  were  first to  quantity  runs  56  was  C-Circuit. the  which  ball  given  the  conducted  load,  empty  six under  charge,  Figure 11.  water VI.  Lornex  ratio.  C-Circuit,  The c o n d i t i o n s  One r e p e a t  were a v a i l a b l e  r u n was for  f o r each run are  i n c l u d e d per  charting  and  ore  given  in  type.  recording  Table  Facilities  important  process  variables.  Sampling  of  the  circuit  have been a c h i e v e d , bearing pressure, and end of  period feed, ten  of  b a s e d on  feed r a t e ,  each r u n ,  a sample t a k e n  for  the  minute  approximately  the  chart  oversize,  feed conveyor  one h o u r ,  each.  was  deemed  recordings At the  of  to mill  beginning  was s t o p p e d b r i e f l y  and  i n the  60cm m i l l .  Over  the m i l l  discharge,  screen  and s c r e e n u n d e r f l o w  intervals, 25 l i t r e s  state  and Power Draw.  processing later  approximately  screen  began when s t e a d y  giving  were  composite  sampled samples  These were w e i g h e d and d r i e d  a  at of on  site,  and p a c k a g e d  were c o n d u c t e d . minutes  The s a m p l e s  similar mill  load,  conditions  for  those mill  The raw d a t a  from the  These d a t a  for  in scale-up  producer .  driven  mill  were  size  analyses  recorded  recordings  feed  for  t h e y were  of  the  firstly  every  2  the  entire  the  thirty  full-scale  run,  ratio.  60 cm t e s t s  dried  The  60 cm m i l l ,  30 f u l l - s c a l e  under  Table were  for  material  i.e.  % was  conditions  ball VII.  charge,  lists  the  conducted.  and s m a l l - s c a l e  develop a mathematical sets  e a c h of  sized.  and water  model  have now been made  of  runs  was  their  SAG  available  to  UBC  investigation.  located  outside  Kamloops,  processing approximately  The g r i n d i n g  circuit  accomplished  Cyclopac. showing the  screen.  in a 16.5  Figure sample  12 i s  B.C.,  speed  of  a  drive  29'  Ball  in  a schematic  points. 58  mill of  of  28'xl2  Secondary g r i n d i n g 'x  is  8500 t o n n e s / d a y  consists  by a 5300 HP v a r i a b l e  with a s t a t i o n a r y is  where  Afton  The A f t o n p l a n t  ore  in  which the  mills.  2.4.2  the  speed,  u s e d by D o m i n i o n t o  use  chart  and t h e n  running for  under  the  UBC where  determination,  to  variables  and t h e  representing  then prepared  t o UBC,  retained.  were t a k e n t o  moisture  transport  Process  on h a r d c o p y ,  r u n were a l s o  runs  for  closed to  closed  the  l  a  Copper  low  grade  SAG  mill  circuit  65% -250 with a  Primary  mesh Krebs  Circuit  showing the  sample  Figure 12.  Sampling 1986,  points.  Afton Primary Grinding  of  the  u s i n g the  were c o n d u c t e d  circuit  was c o n d u c t e d  same p r o c e d u r e s on a h a r d o r e  inactive.  The e q u i v a l e n t  was 16mm.  Runs  the  gravity  opening  of  Circuit.  as a t  type,  and  Lornex.  Runs  with  the  o p e r a t i n g and an  August 1  gravity  s c r e e n mesh o p e n i n g  8 and 9 were c o n d u c t e d  circuit  i n June  for  on a s o f t equivalent  and  2  circuit  these ore  of  tests  type  screen  with mesh  9.5mm.  The  fresh  f e e d s a m p l e s were p r o c e s s e d  the  Summer o f  1987,  under  standard  59  i n the  60cm m i l l  conditions.  during  I s l a n d Copper M i n e s  2. 4. 3.  I s l a n d Copper Port  mines,  (BHP-UTAH)  (now BHP-UTAH),  H a r d y B . C . on V a n c o u v e r  short  52,000  are  processed  i n the g r i n d i n g  32'  x 1 4 ' SAG m i l l s ,  t o n s / d a y o f low circuit  and t h r e e  is driven  by two  motors.  A trommel  screen returns  Mill  speed  Mill  discharge  the of  SAG m i l l  to  Number  overflow  mill  4  was  ore  of  six  mills.  Each  wound  rotor  to the  7% t o 8% by  to  i s sent  a to  mill  volume.  cluster  of  50cm  flotation,  entirely  discharge  sampled  were c o n d u c t e d F o r runs mode,  t h e SAG m i l l  fresh  consists  reversible  i s normally  copper  or i n  sump.  A  while  part  to  schematic  i s shown i n F i g u r e 1 3 .  circuit  operated  The  Cyclone  or t o the b a l l  runs  Lornex.  closed  which  +9.5mm m a t e r i a l  i s pumped f r o m a sump  the c i r c u i t  SAG C i r c u i t  for  HP  u n d e r f l o w may be r e c i r c u l a t e d  separate  of  i s 72% o f c r i t i c a l .  hydrocyclones. cyclone  3,000  load  grade  1 6 . 5 ' X 22' B a l l  SAG m i l l  Ball  15 km west  Island.  Approximately  t h r o u g h two p o r t s .  is located  i n open  in  August  i n t h e same manner  4 and 5, t h e c i r c u i t i . e . the cyclone  feed e n d .  For runs  was  underflow  1986. as  Four  described  operating was  in  returned  6 and 7, t h e SAG m i l l  was  circuit.  f e e d s a m p l e s were p r o c e s s e d  August 1987. 60  i n t h e 60cm m i l l  during  ISLAND COPPER PRIMARY GRINDING #4  CIRCUIT  I s l a n d Copper P r i m a r y  F i g u r e 13.  2 . 4 . 4.  Similkameen.  Similco,  (formerly  located  Three  of  32'xl4'  grinding.  to  Hardinge  The  autogenously,  plant  but  Semi-Autogenous  Secondary  Princeton,  21,000 s h o r t  following  It  of  SAG m i l l s  originally start-up  The o r e  problems e x p e r i e n c e d  is  added a t  known t o  grade are  is daily  copper  ore.  used  for  Primary  designed  to  operate  problems, for  a later  be v e r y  have been w e l l  Division),  has a n o m i n a l  low  mode w i t h a c r u s h e r  g r i n d i n g was a l s o  throughput.  Similakameen  B.C..  tons  Cascade was  Circuit.  Similco).  Newmont M i n e s ,  10km o u t s i d e  throughput  (now  Grinding  was  pebble stage  tough  publicised  ,  converted reduction. to  increase  and t h e  (Hazra,  early 1983).  The g r i n d i n g c i r c u i t  and sample  Figure 14.  Primary  Two of  the  1987.  At  Similco  three the  performance was  using  Since  At  time  variable  in  a reasonably circuit  time  the  was  maintenance,  #1 and  using d i f f e r e n t  5 inch b a l l s  of  sampling,  its  Grinding  plant  4 i n c h make-up  then,  the  circuits,  ,  points  was size  #3,  are  were s a m p l e d  make-up b a l l s .  Circuit  feed  sampled and was  for  of  1 hour.  sampled  #3 was  to  the  62  1  1/2  #1  inch.  upon.  However,  #3 c i r c u i t  compare  using 5  mill  approximately  about  14.  August  to  have been s t a n d a r d i z e d  period  in  conducting a test  while c i r c u i t  the  in Figure  Circuit.  grinding characteristics.  stable  shown  2  was  following hours,  had been down hours  quite  #1 for  following  start-up  In  when c o n d i t i o n s  both cases  without  the  s c r e e n o v e r s i z e was  crushing.  Oversize  and S c r e e n  Underflow,  a 1 hour p e r i o d .  mill  feed conveyors. ratio,  Two of  three  Primary  C-Circuit,  which  is  is  the  same c i r c u i t  by M u l a r  et  al.  the  lift  control  Copper,  Mills largest  The f a c i l i t i e s custom  sampled f o l l o w i n g s t a r t  mill,  after  approx.  Mills.  1 /z t  sealed  . and S c r e e n  containers  in  for  the rate,  speed, every  August  2  data  x 14'  This  in  1983  c a m p a i g n were  logging  i n 1983.  screens,  state  1987.  was s a m p l e d f i r s t .  maintenance.  of a 3 2 '  Steady  hours of  C o m p o s i t e s a m p l e s of M i l l Oversize  cutters,  w i t h two s t a t i o n a r y  x 28* B a l l  feed  and m i l l  used d u r i n g t h a t  up a f t e r  15., consists  16.5*  off  w h i c h had been s a m p l e d e x t e n s i v e l y  i.e.  Screen  Lornex)  were s a m p l e d  The same p r o c e d u r e s were u s e d as  circuit  as  mill  circuits  instruments  (formerly  etc.  closed  both  such  room  available,  in Figure  Discharge,  for  pressure,  still  shown  the  runs.  Highland V a l l e y  the  variables  mill  the test  were t a k e n  to  f e e d s a m p l e s were t a k e n  Process  from  minutes d u r i n g the  2. 4. 5.  Fresh  power d r a w ,  were r e c o r d e d  returned  C o m p o s i t e s a m p l e s of M i l l  over  water  had s t a b i l i z e d .  program  A-Circuit This  was  circuit,  Primary  Mill  followed  by  c o n d i t i o n s were  in two  achieved  running.  Discharge,  Underflow,  Screen  Feed  were b r o u g h t back  processing. 63  Fresh  feed  , to  Screen UBC  samples  in were  removed of  from the m i l l  the sampling  feed conveyors at  periods.  the  These s a m p l e s were  60cm c i r c u i t  under  F i g u r e 15.  H i g h l a n d V a l l e y Copper  Standard  A l a s k a Juneau  Samples  of  a low  grade  running  in  the  60cm m i l l  by Echo  Bay M i n e s  tests  conducted  on t h i s  ore  gold  made a v a i l a b l e  Two d i s t i n c t individually,  ore t y p e s , and a l s o  for  in  the  available  for  project.  ore  a  were  by  comparative  a gabbro in  run  A-Circuit.  Echo B a v .  were a l s o  later  end  Conditions.  2.4.6  grinding  b e g i n n i n g and  and_  50/50 64  a  made Ltd.  Data  Lakefield  f r o m SAG Research,  purposes.  slate,  blend,  under  were a  tested set  of  standard  conditions.  i n Chapter  The r e s u l t s  3.  65  of  the  tests  are  presented  CHAPTER I I I  ANALYSIS OF DATA.  3.1.  Data  Sections small is  Adjustment.  2 . 2 . and 2 . 3 . d e s c r i b e  scale  and f u l l  scale  data  o n l y n e c e s s a r y t o measure  f e e d and p r o d u c t operating  However, fact  work  index  to rely  that  size  all  the  laws  bias  data  over  power  i n order  would  data  be  are  will  Analysis  generally  This  is  it  consumed,  to calculate  ignore to  are  an  not s a t i s f y of  process,  by  collected  a l l the random  and  the  error.  related  o f raw d a t a  because  of the  to  subject  around a g r i n d i n g c i r c u i t  with the dynamics  When c o n d u c t i n g  rate,  theory,  circuit.  data alone  experimental  relationships.  measurement  In  the feed  o f mass c o n s e r v a t i o n .  associated  respectively.  for a grinding  around such a c i r c u i t balance  used t o a c q u i r e  distributions,  on t h i s  Measured v a r i a b l e s  the procedures  mass errors  random  or  errors.  the subject  and above  that  testwork,  required  66  to  redundant balance  data  the  (i.e.  circuit),  were c o l l e c t e d . so t h a t  the  equations  The raw d a t a  estimated  and a t  the  values  the  measured v a l u e s .  of  the  raw d a t a and hence  the  accuracy  considered  This  The d e g r e e of  to  satisfied  same t i m e  to  calculations.  were t h e n s t a t i s t i c a l l y  Two d a t a a d j u s t m e n t  the  reliability  of a d j u s t m e n t  of  procedures  A set  search  of  i.e.  ± 10%  were  of  the  quality  subsequent  depending  be a d j u s t e d  be ±  on  which  is more  1%.  examined.  in Fortran  possible  a value  will  balance  as  the  varies  determined to  c u s t o m i s e d p r o g r a m was w r i t t e n direct  mass  procedure upgrades  have an a c c u r a c y is  the  r e m a i n e d as c l o s e  t h e measured v a r i a b l e ,  t h a n one whose a c c u r a c y  all  adjusted  Firstly  using  the  a  Simplex  routine.  search variables  is  chosen from  variables  c a n be c a l c u l a t e d .  The  method  procedure  t o m i n i m i z e an o b j e c t i v e  which uses  all  measured  an  iterative  f u n c t i o n which  is  defined  as  Where Wi  is  a weighing  factor  Mi  is  a measured  Mi  is  the  estimated  search  variable.  to  be a p p l i e d t o  variable value  of  Mi  stopping c r i t e r i o n  is  calculated  for  t h e n u s e d as t h e  the  measured  minimum OF a r e variables.  67  selected  calculated  A suitable  of  Mi  and  the best  from  Mi  the  values  estimates  Secondly,  the  f r o m CANMET,  mass b a l a n c e  was used on t h e  weighted  least  squared  residuals  minimized  squares  .are  residual  is  (l/cr)  the  all  to  be  the  of  as  uses  sum  the  value)  is  and  BOTM  procedure.  the  standard  BILMAT  a  a  of  B o t h COGGIN  minimization  input  available  program  predicted  data.  inverse  is  Each  deviation  requires  percentage  the  of  the  are  not  variable.  Simplex  program,  the  weighting  known or measured and e s t i m a t e s prior  judgement.  often  instrument  knowledge,  Guidelines  Manual and a l s o data  which  minus  the  by t h e  in  which  This  c o r r e s p o n d i n g measurement.  observations, of  for  in  weighted  As w i t h t h e always  (measured  used  standard deviations measured  same d a t a .  procedure  simultaneously  routines  of  p r o g r a m BILMAT,  by H o d o u i n e t  helps  to  identify  accuracies  vendor  data  or  Errors  i n the  are  industry  must be made,  experience  have  been  al  factors  and a c e r t a i n  provided  (1988).  in  Analysis  poor m e a s u r e m e n t s .  known,  based  amount  the of  SPOC  the  In some  or may be e s t i m a t e d  on  raw cases  based  on  standards.  data which  follow arise  f r o m a number  of  sources  including:  i.  Instrumentation: indirectly meters, All  of  Data was o b t a i n e d  by means of  power m e t e r s , these devices  weighscales, load  have  cells  directly  flowmeters,  , and p r e s s u r e  inherent  68  either  errors  or  density sensors.  associated  with  them.  where  estimates  repeat  c o u l d be  measurements  obtained.  were  available,  otherwise,  values  were  a s s i g n e d b a s e d on e x p e r i e n c e .  ii.  Sampling: error,  This  is  c o n s i d e r e d t o be t h e  particularly  on  flowrates  are  degree  segregation  of  considered For  ill.  assigning  instance,  the  where  heterogenous.  The  error  various  streams  values  to  screen  feed  was  primary  s c r e e n u n d e r f l o w sample  than the  of  was  or  screen  percent  solids  samples.  Sample ^ A n a l y s i s : determination as  are  source  circuits  o c c u r i n g i n the  c o n s i d e r e d more r e l i a b l e oversize  full-scale  h i g h and s t r e a m s  when  sampling.  the  largest  those  estimated  Errors  and s i z e a n a l y s e s  due  to  by t h e  The t o t a l  error  is  sources.  It  most  is  the  sum  may make  large  left  not  as  sampling.  signiificent be  contributions  from  all  to d i s t i n g u i s h which  data  are  the  otherwise  adjustments  are  may  of  not,  from  repetitive  important  and w h i c h a r e  To compare t h e  primary  use of  reliable  measurements a r e  arising  to  These  analysis.  the  "good"  mass b a l a n c e  program  data  dubious  while  unchanged.  efficiency  of  the  two  methods,  c o m p a r i s o n s were done on d i f f e r e n t  data  V.  obtained using  show one example of  the  results  69  sets.  a  series  Tables the  IV.  of and  Simplex  DATA ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURE USING SIMPLEX METHOD MASS BALANCE LORNEX DATA  OF 60CM CIRCUIT RUN #6 MACRO VARIABLES MEASURED ADJUSTED VALUE VALUE  FRESH FEED (Qf) MILL DISCH. (Qd) SCREEN FEED (Qt) SCR OVERSIZE (QO) SCR U/FLOW (QU) MILL WATER (Win) PBOX WATER (Wp) M I L L DISCH %SOLIDS (Pd) MILL OVERSIZE %SOLIDS (Po) SCR O V E R S I Z E %SOLIDS (Po) FRESH FEED %SOLIDS (Pf)  0.615 1.438 52.80 0.433 52.37 0.539 51.24 64.08 92.36 1.16 98.79  % CHANGE  0.604 .1.548 53.01 0.424 52.59 0.52 51.47 65.17 95.17 1.15 99.25  1. 77 7. 64 0. 40 2. 05 0. 42 3. 45 0. 44 1. 71 3. 05 0. 72 1. 48  MICRO VARIABLES  MILL DISCHARGE SCREEN OVERSIZE SCREEN UNDERFLOW PARTICLE (%RETAINED) (%RETAINED) (%RETAINED) SIZE MEASURED ADJUSTED MEASURED ADJUSTED MEASURED ADJUSTED (microns) 26500 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 19000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 00 13200 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9500 4.89 4.08 9.34 10.21 0.00 0.00 6700 15.70 15.25 37.49 38.12 0.00 0.00 4750 13.36 14.00 35.60 34.97 0.03 0.03 3350 7.19 8.33 15.75 15.26 3.76 3.71 2360 4.10 4.27 1.72 1.73 6.00 5.97 1700 2.14 2.36 0.08 0.08 6.99 3.88 1180 1.74 1.90 0.01 0.01 3.22 3.16 850 1.64 1.69 2.84 2.81 600 1.91 2.00 3.51 3.33 425 2.37 2.26 3.75 3.77 300 2.98 3.22 5.47 5.37 212 3.33 3.16 5.28 5.27 150 4.23 4.09 6.84 6.81 106 4.15 4.08 6.85 6.80 75 4.30 4.05 6.77 6.74 53 4.23 4.33 7.28 7.22 38 3.25 2.94 4.83 4.90 -38 18.51 17.97 29.57 30.21  STOPPING —  —  T a b l e IV*  CRITERION: STD ERROR=lE-8 —  Results  '  — •—  —  # ITERATIONS REQ D: 1  —  ^  10501 — .  grJ  of D a t a A d j u s t m e n t u s i n g S i m p l e x P r o g r a m .  70  DATA ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURE USING BILMAT PROGRAM MASS BALANCE LORNEX DATA  OF 60CM CIRCUIT RUN #6 MACRO VARIABLES MEASURED ADJUSTED VALUE VALUE  FRESH FEED (Q£) MILL DISCH. (Qd) SCREEN FEED (Qt) SCR O V E R S I Z E (QO) SCR U/FLOW (QU) MILL WATER (Wm) PBOX WATER (Wp) MILL DISCH %SOLIDS (Pd) MILL OVERSIZE %SOLIDS (Po) SCR O V E R S I Z E %SOLIDS (Po) FRESH FEED %SOLIDS (P£)  0.62 1.44 52.80 0.43 52.37 0.54 51.24 64.08 92.36 1.16 98.79  0.60 1.54 51.97 0.41 51.56 0.53 50.44 64.4 • 96.26 1.15 98.88  CHANGE 2.83 6.94 1.56 4.16 1.55 2.56 1.57 0.50 4.22 1.21 0.09  MICRO VARIABLES  MILL DISCHARGE SCREEN OVERSIZE SCREEN UNDERFLOW PARTICLE (^RETAINED) <%RETAINED) (^RETAINED) SIZE MEASURED ADJUSTED MEASURED ADJUSTED MEASURED ADJUSTED (microns) 26500 0.00 0.00 0 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 19000 0.00 0.00 0 .00 0.00 0.00 0 .00 13200 0.00 0.00 0 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9500 4.89 4.19 9 .34 10.38 0.00 0.00 6700 15.70 15.43 37 .49 38.26 0.00 0.00 4750 13.36 13.86 35 .60 34.31 0.03 0.03 3350 7.19 7.94 15 .75 15.24 3.76 3.63 2360 4.10 4.19 1 .72 1.71 6.00 5.87 1700 2.14 2.26 0 .08 0.08 6.99 3.73 1180 1.74 1.62 0 .01 0.01 3.22 3.05 850 1.64 1.67 2.84 2.79 600 1.91 1.99 3.51 3.34 425 2.37 2.30 3.75 3.85 300 2.98 3.11 5.47 5.20 212 3.33 3.23 5.28 5.42 150 4.23 4.15 6.84 6.95 106 4.15 4.11 6.85 6.89 75 4.30 4.15 6.77 6.96 53 4.23 4.28 7.28 7.17 38 3.25 3.04 4.83 5.10 -38 18.51 17.94 29.57 30.02  T a b l e V.  and BILMAT  Results  of  Data Adjustment u s i n g  p r o g r a m s r e s p e c t i v e l y on  Comparsion of  the  results  the  indicates  71  BILMAT.  same good  set  of  agreement,  data. with  differences factors.  arising  However,  CPU t i m e  on t h e  the  several minutes.  3.2.  Data  for  all  to  the  Simplex  mainframe  BILMAT p r o g r a m r u n s  BILMAT  due  or  format  program took  several  data  basis  it  the  about  hours  on an AT C o m p a t i b l e  On t h i s  of  on  with  weighting  7 seconds a  of  PC.  The  co-processor  was d e c i d e d  in  to proceed  with  C-Circuit  were  adjustment.  LQrnexjPata,  from t h i r t y  runs  conducted  on t h e  Lornex  analysed.  3.2.1.  Full  The sample 4" l i n e  points  for  the  the  that  b i a s i n g the was n o t  mill  used  existed,  Oversize  flow  discharge  i n the  the  The p e r c e n t  Analysis  the  are  mill  of  the  from  the  sample.  mass b a l a n c i n g  however,  data  because  sump  two s t r e a m s  to  determined.  The  the  the  Screen  f e e d two S e c o n d a r y B a l l  s t r e a m s was s a m p l e d .  with of  stream without  both  samples  for  the  30  pump  was  severely  this  circuit. Screen  been  sampled  Mills.  sample  Redundancy  Feed,  Underflow  runs  Screen  and  size  splits  into  Each  of  these  The d a t a was a v e r a g e d and an e s t i m a t e  72  A  and  Accordingly, of  11.  discharge  solids  and S c r e e n U n d e r f l o w had a l l  distributions  showm on F i g u r e  Samples were t a k e n  sump pump r u n n i n g .  indicated  C-Circuit  sump e n t e r s  pump b o x .  were d e t e r m i n e d .  still  Data.  from a f l o o r  ahead o f this  Scale  of  error  variance  The r e s u l t s presented  The  of  obtained.  the  data adjustment  i n Appendix  fresh  feed  distributions  adjusted  plotted  determined.  These p l o t s  Net  the  Power a t  an e f f i c i e n c y motor,  i.e.  factor  (KWhr/tonne) rate  defined  shell of  gear  and  are  the  underflow  80%  are  to  the  gross  of  96%.  by d i v i d i n g  power  of  An A u t o g e n o u s  ( 1 9 7 7 ) , was t h e n  The  applying  input  to  and  Index  calculated  the  a  Specific  n e t power  Work  sizes  III. by  96%  The Net the  size  passing  i n Appendix  efficiency  was o b t a i n e d  by M a c P h e r s o n  on e a c h r u n  (KW), was c a l c u l a t e d  efficiency  in tonnes/hr.  screen  presented  0.92  u s i n g a motor  reducer/girth  feed  mill  out  II.  and  were  carried  gear Power  by t h e  dry  (WIA>  as  using  the  expression;  WIA  where W = Net  Table  Sp.  Power  W.VF.VP  =  lO(VF-VP)  (KWhr/tonne)  F = 80% P a s s i n g S i z e  of  Feed  P = 80% P a s s i n g  of  Product  VI s u m m a r i z e s  and c a l c u l a t e d  Work  Size  the  test  Indices  0  (microns) (microns)  conditions, for  runs.  73  e a c h of  the  measured  variables  thirty  full-scale  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT  RUNS 1 TO 30  JUNE  1983  TEST CONDITIONS, HERSURED VARIABLES (ADJUSTED) AND CALCULATED WORK INDICES RUN F.FEEO MILL H20 HATER SPEED BALL LOAD GRS.PWR. NET PWR. NUMBER <STPH> (STPH) RATIO (XCRIT) C/. UOL) <KW) <KW) 1 1116 461 0.40 68.0 6.63 6572 6046 2 1184 479 0.40 68.0 6.59 6546 6022 3 1447 873 0.58 80.0 8.58 7795 7171 4 1311 617 0.46 77.0 7.59 8078 7432 5 1323 854 0.64 74.0 8.87 7241 6662 6 1291 653 0.51 71.0 9.16 7098 6530 7 1637 965 0.58 74.0 6.77 8078 7432 8 1255 610 0.46 71.0 8.63 6670 6136 9 1199 579 0.46 71.0 8.65 6778 6236 10 1124 749 0.64 68.0 7.75 7404 6812 11 1389 732 0.52 80.0 9.04 7392 6801 12 1268 526 0.40 77.0 9.34 7313 6728 13 1848 879 0.46 80.0 7.35 8075 7429 14 1410 919 0.64 77.0 8.72 7146 6574 15 1226 668 0.52 74.0 7.87 7609 7000 16 1242 687 0.52 74.0 7.90 7569 6963 17 1154 486 0.40 71.0 9.21 7385 6794 18 1154 682 0.58 67.9 9.50 6684 6149 19 1603 1068 0.64 71.0 7.39 7299 6715 20 1117 607 0.51 68.0 8.78 7315 6730 21 1229 511 0.40 80.0 8.03 7846 7218 22 1461 871 0.58 77.0 9.36 7971 7333 23 1505 891 0.58 77.0 9.38 7944 7308 24 1334 629 0.46 74.0 9.67 6853 6305 25 1746 953 0.51 77.0 7.44 7537 6934 26 1222 512 0.40 74.0 8.81 7413 6820 27 1124 683 0.58 71.0 8.19 6921 6367 28 1157 553 0.46 68.0 9.52 6860 6311 29 1532 973 0.64 80.0 9.81 8325 7659 30 1525 974 0.64 80.0 9.B4 8311 7646  F80 <um> 107460 84382 107460 118338 124272 84747 115478 68292 98005 88996 182494 75205 107460 100000 75205 75205 107460 95636 121269 91201 136654 95636 82818 107460 107460 100000 143507 115478 136654 66738  P80 NET SP.PR AUTO (urn) (KWHR/MT) WK.INDX 1301 5.96 24.15 1366 5.60 23.69 4000 5.45 42.72 1695 6.24 29.16 2261 5.54 30.44 1400 5.56 23.89 2875 4.99 31.79 1504 5.38 24.49 1183 5.72 22.11 1240 6.67 26.62 2000 5.39 26.90 1210 5.84 23.25 2551 4.42 26.40 2374 5. 13 29.54 1333 6.28 26.45 1433 6. 17 27.09 1183 6.48 24.89 1000 5.86 20.65 2000 4.61 23.64 900 6.63 22.08 1822 6.46 31. 18 2000 5.52 28.87 2000 5.34 28.28 1539 5.20 23.17 2261 4.37 24.30 1210 6. 14 23.99 1578 6.23 27.65 1271 6.00 23.90 3747 5.50 40.34 3403 5.52 41.56  ORE TYPE V.SOFT U.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD V.HARD V.SOFT SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD U.HARD V.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM MEDIUM HARD U.HARD V.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD HARD U.HARD U.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD V.HARD U.HARD  3.2.2.  60cm_Clrcult_Dafca  The d a t a  for  using  the  Appendix size  the  small  BILMAT IV.  The  60cm M i l l ,  was  The  results  fresh  and  adjusted  feed  were p l o t t e d  (see A p p e n d i x w,  circuit  program.  distributions  determined,  scale  and  V.).  (KWhr/tonne)  the  The Net  is  firstly are  Specific  obtained  presented  screen 80%  from  adjusted in  underflow  Passing Power the  sizes for  the  following  expression  W = (To - T N L  ) 2nN 3600m  Where To = G r o s s TNL  m = dry  The n o - l o a d speed  to  thirty  conditions,  Speed fresh  torque  (Nm)  (RPM) feed  is  rate  Work  Indices  small-scale  (Kg/min)  measured w i t h  be u s e d d u r i n g  The A u t o g e n o u s the  (Nm)  = No L o a d T o r q u e  N = Mill  the  Torque  the  test  the  mill  r u n n i n g empty  (N).  were t h e n c a l c u l a t e d  runs.  measured v a r i a b l e s  Table  VII  for  summarizes  and c a l c u l a t e d  75  at  Work  each the  of test  Indices.  60cm CIRCUIT TEST RESULTS  LORNEX RUNS 1 TO 30  TEST CONDITIONS, MEASURED UHRIRBLES (ADJUSTED) AND CALCULATED WORK INDICES RUN FEED RRTE JMBER (Kg/min) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30  0.44 0.47 0.45 0.45 0.45 0.59 0.46 0.59 0.41 0.43 0.46 0.50 0.54 0.44 0.45 0.46 0.52 0.52 0.65 0.51 0.32 0.54 0.50 0.49 0.58 0.47 0.33 0.50 0.49 0.52  WATER RATIO 0.40 0.40 0.58 0.46 0.64 0.51 0.58 0.46 0.46 0.64 0.52 0.40 0.46 0.64 0.52 0.52 0.40 0.58 0.64 0.51 0.40 0.58 0.58 0.46 0.51 0.40 0.58 0.46 0.64 0.64  MILL SPD. BALL F80 P80 NET PWR NET SP.PW OP.WORK INDEX 7. CRIT. CHARGE (mi crons) ( m i crons) DRAWN (KWHR/T) iV. UOL) (WATTS) 68.00 68.00 80.00 77.00 74.00 71.00 74.00 71.00 71.00 68.00 80.00 77.00 80.00 77.00 74.00 74.00 71.00 67. 90 71.00 68.00 80.00 77.00 77.00 74.00 77.00 74.00 71.00 60.00 80.00 80.00  6.63 6.59 8.58 7.59 8.87 9.16 6.77 8.63 8.65 7.75 9.04 9.34 7.35 8.72 7.87 7.90 9.21 9.50 7.39 8.78 8.03 9.36 9.38 9.67 7.44 8.81 8.19 9.52 9.81 9.84  22000 22243 21203 20919 23652 20900 23165 20000 22685 22245 24630 21335 21785 21785 22000 23650 23650 23650 22245 23650 23650 22245 23650 21785 22245 23650 24150 23165 22865 20485  800 1164 700 843 475 BOO 745 760 495 560 645 1000 1600 675 700 700 645 800 1175 600 800 845 800 900 1200 900 420 600 840 840  201.15 182.52 210.58 246.19 217.98 223.67 213.37 215.05 211.73 241.38 180.19 226.06 188.66 203.38 212.68 238.48 242.90 214.10 208.42 239.26 178.70 219.10 234.69 198.16 178.83 249.31 192.95 244.55 236.98 243.70  7.62 6.47 7. BO 9.12 8.07 6.32 7.73 6.07 8.61 9.36 6.53 7.54 5.82 7.70 7.88 8.64 7.79 6.86 5.34 7.82 9.31 6.76 7.82 6.74 5.14 8.84 9.74 8. 15 8.06 7.81  26.63 28.63 25.22 33.12 20.50 22.22 25.71 20.80 22.47 26.32 19.78 30.41 31.95 24.29 25.37 27.61 23.68 23.78 23.79 22.78 32.26 24.42 27.11 25.38 23.19 32.95 23.01 23.80 28.90 28.39  ORE TYPE U.SOFT U.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD V.HARD U.SOFT SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD U.HARD U.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM MEDIUM HARD V.HARD U.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD HARD U.HARD U.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD U.HARD U.HARD  BOND INDEX (COMP.) 13. 1 N/A 13.7 13.2 13.4 14.7 13.4 12.5 13.9 13.4 13.8 14.0 11.9 12.9 13.4 14.4 14.0 13.7 12.0 13.5 14.3 13.4 13.9 14.3 12.3 13.7 15.9 14.5 14.2 14.5  3.2.3.  Comparslon of  Results.  The Net S p e c i f i c Power and Autogenous Full-Scale  and  Small-Scale  versus Run Number.  Runs  Work  Circuits were  Indices  were  conducted  f o r the  firstly in  r e l a t i v e to Run Number.  F i g u r e 16 shows  the  S p e c i f i c Power f o r f u l l  s c a l e and 60cm c i r c u i t s ,  plotted  random  trend  order  f o r Net  while F i g u r e  17 shows the trend f o r Work index.  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT (ADJUSTED 10.00  RUNS DATA)  1 TO 3 0  -,  cr: 5  8.00  fr: LU O 0.  6.00  -  LU D_ LT> 4 . 0 0  -  o o  FULL-SCALE CIRCUIT  LJ  2.00  111111111  5  F i g u r e 16.  11 1 1 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  10  RUN  15  NUMBER  2 0  11111111  2 5  Comparison of Net S p e c i f i c Power v a l u e s F u l l - S c a l e and 60cm c i r c u i t Lornex Runs.  77  3 0  for  3. 2. 3.1.  Net S p e c i f l c power  The c o r r e l a t i o n between Net S p e c i f i c Power appears to be q u i t e good c o n s i d e r i n g the wide v a r i e t y of the t e s t s were conducted. c i r c u i t ) versus NSP an amount of  and  the  under  18 i s a p l o t of NSP  ( Full Scale).  scatter,  r a t h e r low a t 0.76.  Figure  conditions  There i s correlation  which (60cm  abvlously  quite  coefficient that  the  runs were conducted under w i d e l y v a r y i n g c o n d i t i o n s which  may  a f f e c t the o p e r a t i o n  45.00 -a  However, I t must be remembered  is  of the two c i r c u i t s  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT R U N S 1 TO 3 0 (ADJUSTED DATA)  RUN  Figure 17.  differently.  Comparison  of  NUMBER  Autogenous  Work  Indices  F u l l - S c a l e and 60cm C i r c u i t : Lornex Runs.  78  for  A method used t o sizes  compare  the  has been p r o p o s e d by  proportionality  factor  power draw by m i l l s Loveday  called  Power  (OLD  is  the  Specific  L  is  the  mill  D is  P is  the m i l l  a function  calculated  comparison with versus  volume  concluded and  full  could  of  the Mintek  there  scale  at  scaling  exercise  speeds  74% c r i t i c a l .  Run Number 24  mill  liners,  and  various  full  The  Volume %  (m)  volume.  scale  of  the  on t h e  following P(60cm)  He 73%  between p i l o t  Lornex results P(Full  0.85  1.15  24.5  1.05  1.38  15  27  1.09  1.54  16  27  1.25  1.56  26  29.5  1.24  1.45  31  1.22  1.82  7  79  plant  P and  plant values  mills.  22  5  for  plotted  Critical  pilot  scale  Loveday  circuits,  plant.  speed  full  was c o n d u c t e d  P.  (m)  load  SAG p i l o t  up t o  a  charge  liners,  consequently  A similar of  the  Inside  a fixed  defined  (KW)  was good c o r r e l a t i o n  mills, in  of  speed  P for  filling  that  be u s e d  mill  different  Z. 5  inside  diameter  of  values  Gravity  length  He  a Power Number  P = Net M i l l  Where p  (1978).  of  data were  at  mill  obtained  Scale)  A plot  of  these  significant the  full  but  the  lower. good,  values  difference  scale  mill  Numbers  Also,  the  while  the  for  repeat  runs  fit  types  = Mill  and a l s o  full  in  nor  one e q u a t i o n  the  by  14%.  form  6  filling  scale  data  (ot L i f t  for  each  Pressure) of  the  Lornex  Ore  p r o g r a m SYSTAT  were  collectively.  Multiple  equation,  of  differ  seems  load  fractional  60cm and  consistency  model  data  (% c r i t i c a l )  The r e g r e s s i o n p o r t i o n s used.  a simple  well,  considerably  Scale  60cm m i l l  for  ratio  B = % Ball  the  on t h e  reasonably are  Full  data  a  draw  speed  R = Water  to  the  The  data  circuit  indicates  constant  N = Mill  F  small of  19  two m i l l s .  P = KN^R'VF  -  K = a  the  Figure  Loveday's  repeatabiliy  power  in  between t h e  was made t o  where P = Net  shown  approaches  Power  An a t t e m p t  as  the  regression the  in to  A more e l a b o r a t e  The E n e r g y - S i z e  of  variables  the  values  statistical  on  the  which of  the  data were  sets  produced  significant  parameters  in  obtained  no the from  another.  model  f o r m may be  Reduction  required.  relationships  80  for  each  of  the  ore  types  were e x a m i n e d .  each ore t y p e . of  the  Log W was p l o t t e d a g a i n s t  Typically,  these  s h o u l d form a  Log  Kso  straight  for line  form W = AK^  3  where  W is  the  Net  K is  the  Size  fi i s  a  However,  it  great  fit  to  Specific  Power  (KWhr/Tonne)  Modulus  constant was  found t h a t  the  scatter  on  the  data  was  too  any m e a n i n g f u l r e l a t i o n s h i p .  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUNS:  ALL ORE TYPES  00  ^6  50  * 6  00  5. 5 0 o o  \  00 \  UJ i  < o C/0  50 \  4.00 4  3.50 4.0  i i i i i i i > 11 i i i i i i i i 1 1 i 11 i i i i i i | i i i i i i 1 1 i | i I I i i i i i i|i i i i 1 1 i i i | 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0 6 0 C M CIRCUIT N S P ( K W H R / M T )  C o m p a r i s o n o f Net  F i g u r e 18.  Full-Scale  On a v e r a g e , higher  the  than t h a t  Net for  Circuit:  Specific the  Specific  Power  full  Lornex  for  scale  61  the  Power  for  60cm  and  Runs  60cm  mill.  mill It  is  is to  30% be  expected a  that a smaller m i l l w i l l grind less e f f i c i e n t l y  large  diameter  mill.  Digre  (1979)  reported  v a l u e s obtained i n u s i n g t h e i r 0.8m diameter to be 30-35% higher than c o r r e s p o n d i n g He now uses a inefficient  correction  factor  3.2.3.2.  power  that  mill  were  Scale to  NSP found  Circuits.  account  for  g r i n d i n g i n the 0.8m m i l l .  2.0D-T  FIGURE 19.  on  Full  than  1  Power Number vs V o l u m e t r i c Loading: Lornex Data  Autogenous Work I n d i c e s .  Comparison of the Autogenous Work I n d i c e s does not  82  yield  the  same d e g r e e indices  of c o r r e l a t i o n .  f o r t h e two c i r c u i t s .  considerable Examination scale  runs  index  scatter  and  a  due t o e r r o r s  were plots  can  number obtained  a  be  of  obtained. also  of  seen,  f o r some  is  outliers.  of  the  why s u c h h i g h  corresponding  anomalies  work  there  obvious  The  Indicate  plot  which a r e  full work size  probably  i n the s c r e e n i n g .  COMPARISON OF WORK INDICES ..FULL-SCALE vs 60CM CIRCUIT 26  " C M .  rr to  13  o  o  4 o 21  12  o _ o oo. to CM  i  X UJ Q  18  CM  a: o  0  8  o  o 30 o  23 10 ° o' 124 "o 15 o 1 6  o  11 o  O CM  UJ  is  ( e . g . #3, #29, and #30) e x p l a i n s  distribution  i=  20  As  o f t h e Peo v a l u e s  values  to.  Figure  1  <o_  o CM:  15  i ' i i i i i i i | i i i i i i i i i | '  F i g u r e 20.  Comparison and f u l l  Because  1  '  i I i i | i i i i i i i i i | i i i i i i i i i | i i i i i i i i r  20 25 30 35 40 OPERATING WORK INDEX..FULL—SCALE CIRCUIT  of t h e apparent  of autogenous  scale  circuits:  inconsistencies  s e c o n d a p p r o a c h was u s e d .  Rather  83  work  45  indices  Lornex  for  60cm  Runs.  i n the PBO  than using the  values, 80%  a  passing  sizes, curve  the  straight  portion  was e x t r a p o l a t e d  portion mill.  of  the  This  curve  value  to  of  the  meet t h e  represents  K  product 80%  the  size  passing  production  was t h e n used  distribution  i n the  line. of  This  fines  calculation  in  the  of  the  BO  A u t o g e n o u s Work to  explain  the  Index. large  Index and o v e r a l l generally  close  postulates  approximately Tables  VIII  Full-Scale  the  and  IX  21 shows t h e  than the  the  Run 3 w h i c h  60cm a u t o g e n o u s  plotted is  work  Work  does  in  based  Indices  Figure  versus  22  each other  outlier.  index versus  c o m p a r i s o n method on t h e  in Tables  ore  which  is He  grind  at  Mill. indices  for  on  KBO  the  VI and  VII.  r u n number  for  presents  the  with  exception  Figure  Bond Work  Work  Index.  Secondary  respectively,  Work  Mill  fact  work  used  approach  Index  revised  against  an o b v i o u s  this  Primary  Work  as t h e  PBO v a l u e s  revised  uses  Mill  Mill  and 60cm c i r c u i t s .  index data  by t h e  Ball  Primary  and 60cm C i r c u i t s  Figure  of  Circuit  Bond  present  (1989) between  same e f f i c i e n c y  rather  work  stage  the  the  values  full-scale  difference  two to  that  MacPherson  the  same  23 i s a p l o t Index  of  determined  samples used  in  the  as a r e s u l t  of  using  60cm  tests.  The c o r r e l a t i o n values  instead  However, Figure  between work  there  22.  of is  Peo  still  A possible  indices  values a large  is amount  explanation  84  for  significantly of  scatter,  this  is  the  KBO  improved. as  shown  wide  In  range  LORNEX C CIRCUIT  OP.WORK INDICES  30.00 q  x 25.00 z LU Q Z  i FULL-SCALE CIRCUIT  £ 20.00 o o f= 15.00 <c  CE LU Q. O  i  *  ^  / V a a  ^  V  \ V  V ' 6 0 C M CIRCUIT  11 1 1 1 1  i i 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 1 11 5 10 15 RUN  Figure  21.  Revised Lornex  Work  111 1111  i 1111 20  i 30  1 1 1 1 111 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  25  NUMBER  Indices  versus  Run Number  for  Data.  LORNEX C CIRCUIT  OP.WORK INDICES  22.00 q  27 30 o  20.00 z  11  x S 18.00 •=  17 •  2  19  6  15  D  °  28  D  16.00  D  24  18 9 o •  25  •  29  21  14 22  7 ° 2d"  i  v  10.00 -3 5.00  o o  /  ,°I6 23  10 a  126  B  13  £14.00  a. o  12.00  \ 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 I I 11111111111111111111111 I I 11111111  10.00  Figure  22.  11.00  12.00  13.00  OPERATING  Comparison  14.00  WORK  15.00  INDEX  of Revised  85  16.00  60CM  Work  17.00  CIRCUIT  Indices  18.00 19.0C  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT  RUNS 1 TO 30  JUNE 1983  TEST CONDITIONS, MEASURED VARIABLES (ADJUSTED) AND CALCULATED WORK INDICES 'UN F .FEED MILL H20 WATER SPEED BALL LORD GRS.PWR. IBER (STPH) (STPH) RATIO (XCRIT) C/. VOL) (KW) 1 1116 461 0.40 68.0 6.63 6572 2 1184 479 0.40 68.0 6.59 6546 3 1447 873 0.58 80.0 8.58 7795 4 1311 617 0.46 77.0 7.59 8078 5 1323 854 0.64 74.0 8.87 7241 6 1291 653 0.51 71.0 9.16 7098 7 1637 965 0.58 74.0 6.77 8078 e 1255 610 0.46 71.0 8.63 6670 9 1199 579 0.46 71.0 8.65 6778 10 1124 749 0.64 68.0 7.75 7404 n 1389 732 0.52 80.0 9.04 7392 12 1268 526 0.40 77.0 9.34 7313 13 1848 879 0.46 80.0 7.35 8075 14 1410 919 0.64 77.0 8.72 7146 15 1226 668 0.52 74.0 7.87 7609 16 1242 687 0.52 74.0 7.90 7569 17 1154 486 0.40 71.0 9.21 7385 18 1154 682 0.58 67.9 9.50 6684 19 1603 1068 0.64 71.0 7.39 7299 20 1117 607 0.51 68.0 8.78 7315 21 1229 511 0.40 80.0 8.03 7846 22 1461 871 0.58 77.0 9.36 7971 23 1505 891 0.58 77.0 9.38 7944 24 1334 629 0.46 74.0 9.67 6853 25 1746 953 0.51 77.0 7.44 7537 26 1222 512 0.40 74.0 8.81 7413 27 1124 683 0.58 71.0 8. 19 6921 28 1157 553 0.46 68.0 9.52 6860 29 1532 973 0.64 80.0 9.81 8325 30 1525 974 0.64 80.0 9.84 8311  NET PWR. (KW) 6046 6022 7171 7432 6662 6530 7432 6136 6236 6812 6601 6728 7429 6574 7000 6963 6794 6149 6715 6730 7218 7333 7308 6305 6934 6820 6367 6311 7659 7646  F80 (urn) 107460 84382 107460 118338 124272 84747 115478 68292 98005 88996 182494 75205 107460 100000 75205 75205 107460 95636 121269 91201 136654 95636 82818 107460 107460 100000 143507 115478 136654 66738  KBO NET SP.PR AUTO (um) (KWHR/MT) WK.INDX 800 5.96 18.45 800 5.60 17.53 2000 5.45 28.23 800 6.24 19.22 1000 5.54 19.24 800 5.56 17.43 1050 4.99 17.89 900 5. 38 18.23 700 5.72 16.53 600 6.67 17.79 1100 5.39 19.37 650 5.84 16.41 1000 4.42 15.48 1200 5. 13 19.95 750 6.28 19. 11 800 6. 17 19.45 800 6.48 20.05 700 5.86 16.96 1000 4.61 16.03 550 6.63 16.85 900 6.46 21.09 1000 5.52 19.45 1000 5.34 18.98 900 5.20 17.17 1050 4.37 15.71 600 6. 14 16.30 1000 6.23 21.50 800 6.00 18.51 1210 5.50 21. 12 1100 5.52 20.99  ORE TYPE V.SOFT V.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD V.HARD V.SOFT SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HRRD V.HARD V.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM MEDIUM HARD V.HARD V.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD HARD V.HRRD V.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HRRD V.HRRD V.HARD  6 0 c CIRCUIT TEST RESULTS  LORNEX RUNS 1 TO 30  TEST CONDITIONS, MEASURED VARIABLES (ADJUSTED) AND CALCULATED WORK INDICES RUN FEED RATE JMBER (Kg/min) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30  0.44 0.47 0.45 0.45 0.45 0.59 0.46 0.59 0.41 0.43 0.46 0.50 0.54 0.44 0.45 0.46 0.52 0.52 0.65 0.51 0.32 0.54 0.50 0.49 0.58 0.47 0.33 0.50 0.49 0.52  WATER RATIO 0.40 0.40 0.58 0.46 0.64 0.51 0.58 0.46 0.46 0.64 0.52 0.40 0.46 0.64 0.52 0.52 0.40 0.58 0.64 0.51 0.40 0.58 0.58 0.46 0.51 0.40 0.58 0.46 0.64 0.64  MILL SPD. BALL y. CRIT. CHARGE C/. VOL) 68.00 68.00 80.00 77.00 74.00 71.00 74.00 71.00 71.00 68.00 80.00 77.00 80.00 77.00 74.00 74.00 71.00 67.90 71.00 68.00 80.00 77.00 77.00 74.00 77.00 74.00 71.00 68.00 80.00 80.00  6.63 6.59 B.58 7.59 8.87 9.16 6.77 8.63 B.65 7.75 9.04 9.34 7.35 8.72 7.87 7.90 9.21 9.50 7.39 8.78 8.03 9.36 9.38 9.67 7.44 8.81 8.19 9.52 9.81 9.84  F80 K80 NET PWR NET SP.PW AUTO (microns)(microns) DRAWN (KWHR/T) WORK INDX (WATTS) 22000 22243 21203 20919 23652 20900 23165 20000 22685 22245 24630 21335 21785 21785 22000 23650 23650 23650 22245 23650 23650 22245 23650 21785 22245 23650 24150 23165 22865 20485  257 322 350 300 309 350 279 300 222 222 335 360 450 335 275 280 260 345 370 240 322 380 370 380 470 275 220 275 360 360  201.15 182.52 210.58 246.19 217.98 223.67 213.37 215.05 211.73 241.38 180.19 226.06 18B.66 203.38 212.68 238.48 242.90 214.10 208.42 239.26 178.70 219.10 234.69 198.16 178.83 249.31 192.95 244.55 236.98 243.70  7.62 6.47 7.80 9.12 8.07 6.32 7.73 6.07 8.61 9.36 6.53 7.54 5.82 7.70 7.88 8.64 7.79 6.86 5.34 7.82 9.31 6.76 7.82 6.74 5.14 8.84 9.74 8.15 8.06 7.81  13.69 13.20 16.74 17.94 16.02 13.58 14.50 11.99 14.23 15.49 13.53 16.43 14.43 16. 10 14.71 16.22 14.02 14.50 11.80 13.47 18.91 15.16 17.20 15. 14 13.04 16.43 15.98 15.17 17.49 17.09  ORE TYPE U.SOFT U.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD V.HARD U.SOFT SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD U.HARD U.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM MEDIUM HARD U.HARD U.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD HARD U.HARO U.SOFT SOFT MEDIUM HARD U.HARD U. HARD  BOND INDEX (COMP.) 13. 1 N/A 13.7 13.2 13.4 14.7 13.4 12.5 13.9 13.4 13.8 14.0 11.9 12.9 13.4 14.4 14.0 13.7 12.0 13.5 14.3 13.4 13.9 14.3 12.3 13.7 15.9 14.5 14.2 14.5  LORNEX  C  CIRCUIT  OWI  VS.  § 1 6.00 -g  27  BOND  INDEX  IE  15.00 •:  28 24 •  o CO  17,  £ < 14.00 \  11  X u  715 D D  23  •26  n  D  Q  22 10 •  21 a  29  n  12  D  13.00 4 25 D  19  13  ^ 12.00 ~  D  or O Q  30  18  2d  o o  16 a  11.00 z  o m i 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 u 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111  10.00  10.00  11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 OPERATING WORK INDEX  F i g u r e 23.  60CM CIRCUIT  19.0C  Comparison of Autogenous Work I n d i c e s with Bond Work I n d i c e s .  of c o n d i t i o n s under which the t e s t s were conducted. F u l l - S c a l e runs. Setpoint  Mill  ( L i f t Pressure)  Speed,  Water  Ratio,  For the  and  Mill  were the manipulated v a r i a b l e s .  ball  charge changed from run t o run and was estimated  ball  wear r e l a t i o n s h i p developed by  Lornex  with  Load The  using  a  corrections  made as a r e s u l t of g r i n d o u t s .  For the 60cm c i r c u i t simulated  runs,  the f u l l  scale  conditions  as c l o s e l y as p o s s i b l e f o r each run.  were  However, the  e f f e c t of a change i n manipulated v a r i a b l e may not be the same i n the 60cm m i l l as i n the f u l l Digre  scale  (1979) r e p o r t s t h a t the i n f l u e n c e  88  mill. of  For mill  instance,  filling  on  power draw and c a p a c i t y than  In a f u l l  scale  in a  mill,  0,8m d i a m e t e r on t h e  have a much more s i g n i f i c a n t large is  mill  also  mill  because  effect  on t h e  small  of  charge  in  densities  findings  of  fractional  (1985). mill  the  the  changing may  and  sizes.  As d e m o n s t r a t e d  modulus  of  mill  less  ratio than  in  inventory.  and  confirmed  scale  discharge,  a  a  There  through  t o have  may  the by  greater  mill.  Analysis  given  higher  confirming  the  mill  and  Herbst.  and a b r a s i o n  such  the  by C r a b t r e e  chipping  and  as  relative  occurring  comminution p r o d u c t s impact,  likely  far  water  f  has c o n s i s t e n t l y  mill  is  solids  (1975)  on a f u l l  change  chipping  of  is  parameters  impact,  proportion  than  60cm m i l l  than  filling  the  in m i l l  water  This  hand  in a small  difference  f l o w of  R o g o v i n and  In a d d i t i o n ,  effect  by Rowland and K j o s  R o g o v i n and H e r b s t  pulp  the  a differential  as r e p o r t e d  the  of  other  mill  et  proportions  in m i l l s al  speed  of  different  (1964),  changes  of  the  size  depending  on  the  present  in  the  scale  up  that  the  abrasion  mill.  Consequently,  for  relationships,  the  influence  the  of  the  purposes  Lornex various  data  of is  factors  individually.  89  examining not  ideal cannot  in be  examined  3.3.  Four  AFT ON DATA  runs  (runs data  of  1 and was  Afton data 2 ) , and two  firstly  were a n a l y s e d , on a s o f t  adjusted  ore  using  two type  the  on a h a r d (runs  Bilmat  size  distributions  were  and K8o v a l u e s  determined.  Using  these  and  were  the  feed,  the  full  the  values  autogenous  work  The  program  The a d j u s t e d  of  type  8 and 9 )  Appendix V I ) .  passing size  ore  (see  plotted the  80%  indices  (AWT)  calculated.  A c o m p a r i s o n of  scale  and  60cm c i r c u i t  results  is  as  follows: 60cm C i r c u i t Run  KBO  Net  Number  (A*m)  (KWhr/Tonne)  AFT-1  180  15.45  22.42  AFT-2  154  16.00  21.47  AFT-8  500  6.73  17.56  AFT-9  700  6.31  19.97  In  case,  each  approximately The g r i n d results  Analysis  the  Sp.Pwr .  net  in  of  specific  5 5 % greater  however, the  the  is  Work  mill  AWI'  .  KBO  Net  Sp.Pwr.  (A<m)  (KWhr/Tonne) 9.92  23 . 5 6  500  10.35  24 . 6 6  1240  4.29  17 . 5 8  1617  4.04  20 . 5 0  for  the  in  the  the  9  0  small  circuit  full-scale small  being reasonably  showed  AWI  500  for  much f i n e r  charge  Circuit  power  than  Indices  F u l l - ;S c a l e  is  circuit.  circuit  which  close.  no e v i d e n c e  of  a  build  up  of  a hard  3.4.  fraction  Island  Four  runs  circuitruns  Copper  the  60cm  two  in closed  on  the  circuit  was a d j u s t e d  and t h e  VII).  Keo  Island  and two  were c o n d u c t e d  standard conditions.  The  mill.  Mines.  were c o n d u c t e d  (one r e p e a t )  under  in  in  full  scale  i n open c i r c u i t .  Five  the  The d a t a  size  were  60cm  from both  distributions  values  Copper  plotted  determined  circuit,  all  sets  of  (see  Appendix  and  work  runs  indices  calculated.  A c o m p a r i s o n of  results  is  as  follows  60cm C i r c u i t .  KBO  Net  Sp.Pwr.  (/jm)  (KWhr/Tonne)  KBO  Net  Number  (/Jm)  (KWhr/Tonne)  I CM-4  160  18 . 47  25.28  169  15.42  20 .74  I CM-5  270  13.50  24. 82  200  14.16  21.75  ICM-6  250  14.51  25.17  200  13.72  20.45  ICM-6B  200  17.94  27.85  I CM-7  400  13.20  30.60  190  13 .92  20 .41  These  results  to net  the  interesting  two c i r c u i t s  specific  obtained  for  approximately  AWI  Circuit.  Run  are  Sp.Pwr .  F u l l - Scale  are  powers a r e the 20.5.  full For  in that  quite  different,  reasonable scale the  although  runs  is  The very  there  feed  product  close.  60cm r u n s ,  91  the  the  AWI  sizes  sizes  work  index  consistent is  more  and  of  at a  spread  in  the  reasonable. less  data  This  efficiently  than of  abrasion grinding is scale  3.5.  mill,  figure  that  the  the  the  full  products  occurring  of small  scale also  i n the  25-27  would  circuit  is  mill. indicate  small m i l l  seem  grinding  The  size  that  more  than  in  the  as would be e x p e c t e d .  Similco  The two t e s t s were under  c o n d u c t e d on  less  than  plant  had been q u i t e  small  circuit  adjusted  the  ideal  Similco  conditions,  variable  Full-Scale as  the  d u r i n g the day.  u s i n g BILMAT and t h e  The  U s i n g t h e K B O and Fso v a l u e s , The r e s u l t s  6Qcm_ClrCUlt  to  The r u n s  size distributions  i n d i c e s were c a l c u l a t e d .  circuits  feed  were under s t a n d a r d c o n d i t i o n s .  Appendix V I I I ) . work  a  indicates  distribution plots  full  but  are  in  data  plotted  the as  the the was (see  autogenous follows  Full-ScaleCircuit  Run  KBO  Net  Number  (/jm)  (KWhr/Tonne)  SMK-1  125  24.53  29.20  500  15.04  36.08  SMK-2  85  32.34  31.53  500  13.96  33.14  The v e r y  fine  of  the  impact  Sp.Pwr.  AWI  grind obtained  i n the  p r e d o m i n a n c e of a b r a s i o n occurring  92  KBO  Net  (/Jm)  (KWhr/Tonne)  60cm c i r c u i t  i n the  mill,  Sp.Pwr.  is  AWI  indicative  with l i t t l e  or no  Analysis following  o£  the  size  mill  contents  after  t h e run  indicated the  distributions Run SMK-1 F r e s h Feed  Mill  Contents  +37.5mm  12.16%  4.55%  +26.5mm/-37.5mm  19.71%  27.34%  +19.0mm/-26.5mm  15.17%  21.69%  +13.2mm/-19.0mm  9.88%  18.64%  Total  56.82%  72.21%  RUN SMK-3 Fresh-Feed +37.5mm  2.10%  3.41%  27.60%  27.67%  +19.0mm/-26.5mm  12.88%  25.03%  +13.2mm/-19.0mm  11.13  12.76%  53.71%  68.87%  Obviously  there  i sa build  up of  a hard  size.  There  i s s i m p l y not  enough  reduce  these  hard p i e c e s .  Energy  material,  The r e s u l t s hard ore, with  Contents  +26.5mm/-37.5mm  Total  this  Mill  the  reported  accounting  from the  - the full  small  hardest  scale  for  of  circuit  by M a c P h e r s o n  the  circuit  impact  high net  Results  wasted  that  processed, and also  o f +13.2mm  small  specific  indicate  performance  93  i n the  i s being  a l l those  (1977).  fraction  mill to tumbling  power.  this  isa  consistent  also indicate  the data that  a  problem i s  likely  with a b u i l d  may be a l l e v i a t e d diameter as  is  3.6.  or  Highland  larger  Valley  conditions.  The  plotted  Appendix  (see  at  Highland  and t h e  i n the  data  were IX),  The r e s u l t s  are  other  and as  Number  (/jm)  (KWhr/Tonne)  HVC-A1  250  13.25  23.03  HVC-A2  280  6.84  12.75  HVC-C  232  11.79  19.85  previously  Examination  i n the  circuit,  Sp.Pwr.  circuit  with each o t h e r . with  under  size  autogenous  the  data  1987,  one The  standard  distributions work  indices  follows:  AWI  60cm r u n s  in  A-Circuit.  Full-Scale  Net  from the  on  adjusted,  KBO  consistent  larger  V a l l e y Copper  small  Run  consistent  c h a r g e and  by u s i n g a c r u s h e r  60cm C i r c u i t  The r e s u l t s  This  Copper.  C-Circuit,  s a m p l e s were p r o c e s s e d  calculated.  ball  size.  Similco.  Two r u n s were c o n d u c t e d on t h e  a critical  by g o i n g t o a h i g h e r  make-up b a l l s .  done a t  up of  KBO  Net.Sp.Pwr.  (/urn)  (KWhr/Tonne) 5.47  15.05  800  5.15  15.82  ore  run  obtained  AWI  650  on t h e s e Only  Circuit  samples  HVC-A2 for  the  is  are  not  reasonably  Lornex  runs  discussed.  of  the data  from run  94  HVC-A1  indicates  that  the  mill  s p e e d was n o t m a i n t a i n e d  critical  (42 RPM)  but  may have  resulted  in  mixing, of  and a c h a r g e  the m i l l  There  was  rather  resulting  in  some e v i d e n c e  particularly  for  solids  resulting  For  of  to  the  cascading to  was l e s s  of  the m i l l  and t h e  The d a t a  from the  previous  Lornex d a t a .  circuit  are  charge,  poor  remain near  the  build  a  action  of  +I3mm  may be due of  the  was a l s o  to  bottom normal.  material the  poor  low s p e e d .  quite  The  h i g h a t 89%  charge.  70% o f  below s e t p o i n t ,  critical. of  Further  For  the  Power was  full-scale  to  up  because  contents  Specific  required  This  of  a problem with b u i l d - u p Net  the  78%  RPM).  power c o n s u m p t i o n t h a n  sticky  to  of  of  higher  s p e e d was a l s o  38 RPM c o r r e s p o n d i n g  setting  66% ( 3 5 . 6 7  would t e n d  the m i l l  in a f a i r l y  r u n HVC-C,  proper  Run H V C - A l and t h i s  c a s c a d i n g and low i m p a c t percent  the  fell  poor that  at  this  +13mm  run,  case there  fraction  in  lower.  runs  is  tests  on t h i s  establish  in this  consistent ore  in  consistent,  with  the  the  60cm  repeatable  results.  3.7.  Three  EchoBayMines,  tests  Juneau o r e , 50/50 b l e n d .  were r u n  Juneau  i n the  one on e a c h of The d a t a  Project  60cm the  ore  from the  95  circuit types  on and  the a  Echo  third  60cm r u n s were a d j u s t e d ,  Bay on  a  size  and F B O and KBO v a l u e s  distributions  plotted,  Appendix  Using these  X).  autogenous  Data  work  indices  from p i l o t  Lakefield Mines  Research  Ltd.  conditions pebble  plant  crushing.  of  charge,  mode 3",  u s e d was 4 mesh.  used  i n t h e 60cm m i l l . tests  Blend) as  on t h e s e  were c a r r i e d  ball  size,  ore  4",  o u t under  The b a l l  t h e y were c o n d u c t e d  Gabbro the  reported  by  same  ore was  screen  to  data  and  under  and  used  closing  For comparison purposes, on  varying  on t h e s l a t e  are s i m i l a r  by Bay  size  charge  The  conditions  (SAG 9  Echo  classification  and 5 " b a l l s .  These  power,  types  by  was c o n d u c t e d  (# S A G 1 1 ) .  were employed  because  conducted  o f 18 t e s t s  size  other  tests  specific  (see  determined.  O n l y one t e s t  in semi-autogenous 8%, c o n s i s t i n g  were  and t h e n e t  (1988) were made a v a i l a b l e  A total of b a l l  values  determined  those  f r o m two  SAG  12  on  conditions  f o r SAG 1 1 .  The  autogenous  determined  The r e s u l t s  work  indices  u s i n g the PBO v a l u e s  f r o m SAG 9 ,  Run Number  from  the  Lakefield  screen  SAG 1 1 , and SAG 12 a r e as  FBO  KBO  Net  Sp.Pwr.  (/^m)  {/urn)  (KWhr/Tonne)  underflow.  follows:  AWI  SAG 1 1  (Slate)  100000  1786  7.91  38. 6  SAG 9  (Gabbro)  100000  1712  11.08  52. 7  SAG  (50/50  100000  1812  10.22  50. 3  12  Blend)  96  were  The s c r e e n u n d e r f l o w s i z e KBO v a l u e s  determined.  using these  values,  distributions  The Work  and a r e  Indices  shown  Net  KBO  Type  were  and  the  re-calculated  below.  60cm C i r c u i t Ore  were p l o t t e d  PILOT PLANT  Sp.Pwr .  AWI  (KWhr/Tonne)  KBO  Net  (^m)  (KWhr/Tonne)  AWI  Sp.Pwr.  Slate  250  8.79  15.40  600  7.91  21.40  Gabbro  343  11.87  24.45  500  11.08  26. 60  Blend (50/50)  181  13.99  20.25  450  10.22  23.23  It  is  interesting  individually, other  for  pilot  the  full  50/50 b l e n d ,  the  work  softer  shale  for  Analysis  mill  runs  the  indicated  is  the  the  Slate  powers a r e  NSP i s also  and t h e were  and Gabbro  within  circuits.  much  10%  However,  35% g r e a t e r  Indices  (metric)  G a b b r o and 1 0 . 8  for  and 60cm  60cm m i l l  Indices  of  that  specific  The g r i n d  In b o t h c a s e s ,  Bond Work  note  net  scale  the  plant.  between t h e  to  than  of for for  tests each the the  finer.  for  the  50/50  blend  lie  harder  gabbro  values.  The  found  to  12.0  the  be  for  Slate.  contents  a build-up  of  after  each  of  +13mm m a t e r i a l  97  the  three  similar  to  60cm that  occurring tests  on t h e S i m i l c o  including  found  that  decreased. desirable is  for  Lakefield  c r u s h i n g of pebbles  throughput  increased  A  grind  coarser  intermediate  now p r o c e e d i n g  carried  ore.  on t h i s  out i n a pebble  gravity basis.  X and XI summarize t h e d a t a  obtained,  but  separation.  Power  this  Plant  was  design will  be  Results.  thirty  runs.  versus  obtained  Figure those  from  24 shows  tests  t h e Work  from the F u l l  COMPARISON OF WORK INDICES 40.00  Specific  and  mill.  Tables  t h e 60cm C i r c u i t  Net  sizes  Secondary c r u s h i n g  Discussion  for  conducted  different  and  was  3.8.  than the Lornex  of  of  Research  Scale  other Indices  Circuits  VARIOUS CIRCUITS  -a  SK1 o  3 5 . 0 0 •=  z> o or o CO  O  30.00  SK3 o  i  AF2 o AF1 o  25.00  20.00  15.00  10.00  AF9 o  •:  \  AF8 o HVA2 o  HVC  O  IC7 o  HVA1 o  I i i i i i i i i i i 1 1 i i i i i i 11 1 1 1 1 i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i 1 1 i i i i 1 1 i i 8.00  F i g u r e 24.  12.00  16.00  0WI  20.00  24.00  60CM CIRCUIT  Comparison of Autogenous  98  Work  28.00  Indices  i i i i i i i 32.00  SUMMRRY OF OPERATING DAT<ADJUSTED) HIGHLRND VALLEY COPPER AMJ CIRCUITS SIMILKAMEEN «1 & « 3 CIRCUITS RFTON MINES ISLAND COPPER »4 CIRCUIT  CIRCUIT  FEED MILL H20 WATER MILL SPO GRS.PWR NET PWR <KW> (KW) CMTPH) (MTPH) RATIO (ZCRIT.)  F80 <um)  KBO NET SP.PR AUTO AWI (urn) (KWHR/MT) WK.INDX 60CM MILL  HVC-A HMC-C  1129 1781  488 869  0.40 0.53  73.2 79.1  6707 9972  6170 9174  118338 127167  650 800  5.47 5.15  15.05 15.82  23.03 19.81  SMK-1 SMK-3  361 392  125 123  0.40 0.30  76.3 76.3  5900 5950  5428 5474  107460 150487  500 500  15.04 13.96  36.08 33.14  29.20 31.53  AFT-1 RFT-2 AFT-8 AFT-9  306 306 521 516  122 122 291 278  0.4 0.4 0.56 0.54  78 78 67 67  3300 3443 2428 2265  3036 3168 2234 2084  146850 133544 62104 37475  500 500 1240 1617  9.92 10.35 4.29 4.04  23.56 24.66 17.58 20.50  22.42 21.47 17.56 19.97  IC-4 IC-5 IC-6 IC-7  278 291 369 373  135 140 188 179  0.45 0.45 0.48 0.45  72 72 72 72  4660 4478 5502 5642  4287 4120 5062 5191  150487 60000 75205 52481  169 200 200 190  15.42 14.16 13.72 13.92  20.74 21.25 20.45 20.41  25.28 24.82 25.17 30.60  60cm CIRCUIT TEST RESULTS HIGHLAND VALLEY COPPER R fc C CIRCUITS SIMILKRMEEN «1 & *3 CIRCUITS AFTON MINES RUNS « 1 , 2 , 8 , 9 ISLRND COPPER MINES 4,5,6,68,7 EBM JUNEAU PR RUNS 1,2,3 RCUIT FEED 1 RRTE (Kg/min)  F80 <um)  K80 GROSS (urn) TORQUE CNm)  TRRE TORQUE CNm)  MILL SPEED (RPM)  NET PWR NET SP.PW RUT WORK RUT WORK INDEX DRRWN (KWHR/T) INDEX (WATTS) 60CM FULLSCRLE  HVC-fll HVC-R2 HVC-C  0.31 0.48 0.36  30672 26955 26589  250 280 232  72.69 52.90 68.00  6.71 5.62 4.00  35.67 39.80 38.00  246.46 197.06 254.68  13.25 6.84 11.79  23.03 12.75 19.81  .15.05 15.05 15.82  SMK-1 SMK-3  0.16 0.13  33901 28855  125 85  61.30 71.10  8.60 7.70  42.67 38.00  235.48 252.29  24.53 32.34  29.20 31.53  36.08 33.14  RFT-1 RFT-2 flFT-8 flFT-9  0.29 0.27 0.61 0.63  31933 27147 24500 26043  180 154 500 700  64.74 62.12 58.80 57.66  4.79 3.60 3.60 3.60  42.83 42.30 42.62 42.13  268.88 259.22 246.37 238.50  15.45 16.00 6.73 6.31  22.42 21.47 17.56 19.97  23.56 24.66 17.58 20.50  ICM-4 ICM-5 ICM-6 ICM-6B ICM-7  0.22 0.31 0.30 0.23 0.35  27682 24027 31933 25211 21239  160 270 250 200 400  60.60 62.51 64.52 64.30 67.35  3.60 4.79 4.41 6.65 4.79  40.84 41.55 41.50 41.00 42.31  243.78 251.15 261.23 247.52 277.IB  18.47 13.50 14.51 17.94 13.20  25.28 24.82 25.17 27.85 30.60  20.74 21.25 20.45 20.45 20.41  EBM-1 EBM-2 EBM-3  0.47 0.35 0.30  26257 33630 36478  250 343 181  64.3 63.3 62.2  7.25 5.96 5.62  41.5 41.5 42.5  247.93 249.19 251.81  8.79 11.87 13.99  15.40 24.45 20.25  21.40 26.60 23.23  NOTE: EBM FULL-SCRLE OfiTfl IS FOR 2m PILOT PLANT  As d i s c u s s e d , d a t a  points  and n o t c o n s i s t e n t  w i t h the  .which  is  points,  essentially there  While the data  is  the  there  HVC and  data  trend  Figure  25 shows t h e  from s o f t  hard ore  to  of  the  z  <^2.00  -  or x  1.50  other  data types.  b a s e d on  the  on  to  the  would  ores  help  to  data.  Relationships.  relationship  between  DATA...VARIOUS  net  specific  power  ORES  SK1 ?SK3  o  z  ore  potential  tests  conditions,  JC4 2.50  to  be  Additional  Reduction  FULL-SCALE  3.00  the  good  repeatability  Lornex  Considering  seem  p r o c e s s e d under d i f f e r e n t  Energy-Size  from the  does  already  3.8.1.  questionable  linear  d e v e l o p the method.  the  are  c o u l d n o t be termed  further  determine  HVAl  obtained  same.  a general  relationship  presented,  for  W  A  HVC o  -3  °  AF8  „AF< o  1.00  0.50  I I I I  4.5  F i g u r e S5.  I I I I I I I  5.0  Energy-Size  1111  5.5  i 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 111  6.0  LN(P80)  1111 i  6.5  Reduction R e l a t i o n s h i p :  101  i i I i i i i i i i i  7.0  Various  7.5  Ores  and Keo f o r the f u l l s c a l e c i r c u i t s ,  while  Figure  26  s i m i l a r p l o t f o r the c o r r e s p o n d i n g 60cm c i r c u i t runs. be seen that the data p o i n t s l i e a l o n g approximately lines.  is a I t may  parallel  The s e p a r a t i o n between the l i n e s i s a measure  of the  difference i n grindabilities.  The  I s l a n d Copper data  spread  i n product  was  found  size.  to  Figures  exhibit 27  and  the g r e a t e s t 28  show  the  r e l a t i o n s h i p between Net S p e c i f i c Power and KBO f o r the I s l a n d Copper F u l l S c a l e and 60cm runs  6 0 C M CIRCUIT 4.00  respectively.  RESULTS..VARIOUS  ORES  - i —  _SK3 SK1  .3.00 °  or x  AF2 A CoI  IC6B  o£,l C  IC6  EB3  <w  A  hftc  o  |C5 D  icy  EB2°  _EB1  2.00 -  1.00  -AFB  11111111111111111111111111111111111111111  3.5  F i g u r e 26.  4.0  4.5  5.0  5.5 LN(P80)  111111111111111111111  6.0  Energy-Size Reduction R e l a t i o n s h i p Various  Ores.  102  -AF9  6.5  i n 60cm  7.0  Mill  Fitting  the equation  ( C h a r l e s , 1957)  where  w is  the  Net  K  the  s i z e m o d u l u s , and  is  A and ft a r e  to  t h e above d a t a ,  scale  data while  a ft v a l u e  a value  of  of  0.6  0.41  is  is  Specific  Power  constants  obtained obtained  for  the  full  for  the  60cm  data.  According to K i n a s e v i c h et represents  (1964),  c o m m i n u t i o n by i m p a c t o n l y .  ISLAND COPPER  2.76  al  MINES  a In  value a  of  ft  =  tumbling  mill  FULL-SCALE DATA  2.72 -_  .2.68 •= en X  2.64  2.60  2.56  -  5.08  i i i i i i i i i | i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i  5.12  5.16  5.20 (P80)  5.24,  5.28  5.32  L N  F i g u r e 27  Energy-Size  Reduction R e l a t i o n s h i p :  103  1  I s l a n d Copper  3.00  i  ISLAND C O P P E R —  MINES  6 0 C M CIRCUIT DATA  4  o  2.90 •=  P2.80 01  1 2.70  •!  2.60  i  2.50  •=  2.40  4 Ti 4.80  7 o  BEST FIT:  Y = -0.4117X + 4.999  i i i  F i g u r e 28.  Energy-Size  Reduction  I s l a n d Copper  6.00  (P80)  LN  R e l a t i o n s h i p : 60cm M i l l ,  Ore.  where s i z e r e d u c t i o n occurs as a r e s u l t and the  c h i p p i n g a c t i o n , the value of ft i s relative  contributions  from  each  of  impact,  reduced of  abrasion  depending  the  on  comminution  processes.  The  values of ft obtained  of a b r a s i o n  i s o c c u r r i n g i n the s m a l l m i l l .  expected as the significant  Agar and  above i n d i c a t e t h a t a g r e a t e r  impact f o r c e s i n a l a r g e m i l l  than i n a s m a l l  Somasundaran  This  amount  is  to  be  are  much  more  demonstrated  that  this  mill.  (1973)  104  have  quantity  {3 i s  distribution  the  same as t h e  value  is  the  cumulative  K is  the  size  cx i s  the  distribution  Analysis Appendix  in  the  Schuhmann  of  the  VII),  (x/K)  fraction  a  finer  than s i z e  Island  indicates  modulus.  Copper the  size  distribution,  ICM-5  0.61  0.47  ICM-6  0.54  0.57  ICM-7  0.66  0.46  is  fair  plots  discussed  this  specific  agreement  with  Reduction  power may be d e t e r m i n e d  Sufficient  data  consistent  relationship  full-scale  circuits  full-scale  is  then  mill  the  Energy-Size  Reduction  above.  Energy-Size  established,  (60cm)  0.50  which  Using  a  0.69  Scale)  (see  following  ICM-4  (F.S.= F u l l  x  modulus  <x ( F . S . )  in  size  equation y =  where y  a  not a v a i l a b l e  for  could  different  to determine  between ot v a l u e s  p r o c e s s i n g the the  relationship,  net  same o r e .  specific  be p r e d i c t e d  105  for  for  power the  the  product if  net sizes.  there  is  small-scale If  this  required required  a and  can in  be a  product  size.  Tests  identify  the  conducted with d i f f e r e n t optimum b a l l  charge  106  %  required.  ball  charges  would  CHAPTER IV.  SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS  Lornex  4.1.  The t h i r t y  Lornex  conditions. indices points  Data.  r u n s were  Reasonable  for f u l l  scale  that  ratio,  and m i l l  mills  differently,  in  filling  (1979)  amount  affect  this  in a  widely  was o b t a i n e d  as  for  data  It  mill  the operation  work  the  scatter.  such  accounts  varying  between  However,  of  parameters  and t h a t  Work done by D i g r e  under  and 60cm c i r c u i t s .  variation  water  is  speed,  o f t h e two  the  scatter.  0.8m d i a m e t e r  mill  supports  scale  scale  data d i d  view.  Regression analysis not  correlation  displayed a considerable  believed  this  conducted  yield  product ratio  any c o n s i s t e n t  size  The n e t s p e c i f i c  results  than  relationship  and t h e m a n i p u l a t e d  a n d volume  higher  on t h e f u l l  power  forces  developed  variables,  f o r t h e 60cm m i l l scale  have been f o u n d by D i g r e A possible  between  power  mill  draw  speed,  or  water  filling.  f o r the f u l l  mill.  and s m a l l  explanation  mill  was f o u n d t o  on  average.  Similar  (1979) u s i n g a 0.8m  for this  in the small m i l l 107  i s the f a c t  are  be 30%  lower,  diameter  that  and  in  impact fact  energy  is  wasted  sufficient  4.2.  For  ore t y p e s  A f t o n and Echo Bay the  hard f r a c t i o n  Material  capable  the  from the of  of  Similco  up i n t h e forces  and  distributions,  are  mill  it  was  by t h e mill  end of  were  that the  too  to deal good  results  a  run,  low  exists  gave  plant  calculated  found  situation  Juneau  pilot  to  in  the  with  this  agreemant and  a b u i l d - u p of a c r i t i c a l  indicate  ore  types  fines  that as  w i t h b u i l d - u p of  indices,  mill  the  to  also  size.  portion  hard  contents  generally  Net  of  higher 108  than  each  obtained product  powers  full  is  relative  fractions after  the  specific  method  their  b a s e d on K B O v a l u e s  reasonable.  are  ore,  indices  have been t a k e n  by e x a m i n i n g t h e  the  work  i n the  tests  Problems  extrapolating  Similco,  Results.  60cm  C o m p a r i s o n of work  Copper,  standard  A similar  categorizing  60cm m i l l  Island  gave  f r o m E c h o Bay  from  identified  i n the  breakage.  The A f t o n and I s l a n d Copper r u n s  l i k e l i h o o d of  grlndabilitles. also  develop  was  and s t e p s  small-scale  Scale-up  Results  in  not  conditions  the  impact  circuit  identified  3.  a set  hard m a t e r i a l .  full-scale  between  For  had b u i l t  indicating that  problem.  Juneau,  i.e.  between a u t o g e n o u s  u s i n g Koo v a l u e s .  this  result  tested,  60cm M i l l .  good c o r r e l a t i o n  break  energy to  w h i c h does  Data  other  used f o r  tumbling material  potential  Other  the  In  scale  were run. by size  obtained values  by 30-50%, from f u l l specific  but scale  power  Correlation appears  to  grind obtained  and s m a l l values  between  determined at  value  for  4. 4.  In  is  the  required  a correction  to  A  also  the  screen sizes  has n o t  several  Addition  power  at are  energy-size  specific the. c a s e  before  of  the  types  60cm c i r c u i t system  power of  the  using  this  is  in  need  of  data  is  capable  envisaged.  of  control  be p o s s i b l e w i t h s u c h a  mill  i n open c i r c u i t been  points  a values  for  control  with d i f f e r e n t  would  the  hardware  and m a n i p u l a t i o n  O p e r a t i o n of  enable  would be r e q u i r e d  PC-based  trending,  experiment  provide  In  used  tests  The net  product s i z e .  of  is  Work  updating.  Control)  specific  number  the  net  relationships  technique  sizes.  and  the  close.  net  a  grind  scale-up.  Future  logging,  product  be  This  the  the  similar,  reduction  case,  then drawn,  The e x i s t i n g c o n t r o l of  their  where  are  energy-size  different  r e d u c t i o n curve  60cm m i l l ,  mills  i n Japan to determine  at  finer,  exploring further.  desired grind.  conducted  scale  is  have been f o u n d t o  the  be w o r t h  by Kobe S t e e l the  the  to  attempted  on t h e  energy-size  be more a c c u r a t e l y  a secondary b a l l  mill  to  109  (e.g.  the  ability Expert  system.  or c l o s e d to  The  with  date.  This  reduction  various would  curve,  and  determined.  circuit  would  allow  estimation circuit  and  secondary  4.5.  of  the  power  optimum  requirements  power  split  for  a  between  two-stage  primary  and  mills.  Conclusions  Based on t h e general 1.  overall  testwork  conclusions  The  carried  to  date,  the  following  may be d r a w n :  60cm c i r c u i t  results  out  does  from f u l l  give  scale  reasonable  operating  correlation  copper  mines  with  in  British  are  higher  Columbia. 2.  Net than  specific in  power v a l u e s  full  scale  differences differences 3.  The  size  Energy-size are  in  60cm m i l l  critical 4.  in  is  is  believed  efficiencies  capable  build  up  reduction  of  with to full  of  in a plots the  to  be due  arising  identifying  to from  of  experimentation  circuit  configuration  from of  the  of  the  other net  for  60cm  mill  researchers  specific  power  mills.  with d i f f e r e n t  will  characteristics  data  findings  scale  potential  mill.  determine  Further  grinding  This  60cm m i l l  scale.  and c a n be used  5.  mills.  grinding  i n agreement  requirements  from the  help the  110  to 60cm  o r e s and  further mill.  differnet  define  the  BIBLIOGRAPHY Agar,  G.E., Somasundaran, P., "Rationalization of Energy-Particle size relationships in comminution". Proceedings, 10th International Mineral Processing Congress IMM, 1 9 7 3 . r  Charles, R.J., "Energy-Size Reduction Relationships in C o m m i n u t i o n s " , T r a n s a c t i o n s AIME V o l 208, 1957, 80-8. r  C o y l e , D.S., "Hanna R e s e a r c h C e n t r e SAG C o m m u n i c a t i o n , 1989.  Test  Circuit",  C r a b t r e e , D.D., K i n a s e v i c h , R.S., M u l a r , A.L., and F u e r s t e n a u , D.W. "Mechanisms o f Size Comminution S y s t e m s . Part 1. Impact, Chipping Grinding". T r a n s a c t i o n s AIME/SME 201-206, June 1964. H a r r i s , C.C., S c h n o c k , E.M., and A r b i t e r , N., Power C o n s u m p t i o n " . Mineral Processing Review. 1985, V o l . 1 , pp 297-345.  f  Private  Meloy, T.P., Reduction in Abrasion and Vol 229, pp  "Grinding Mill and Technology  H a z r a , S . , "Semi-Autogenous G r i n d i n g o f Copper O r e s i n Canada" P r o c e e d i n g s . F i r s t Workshop on A u t o g e n o u s G r i n d i n g CIMM, S a n t i a g o , C h i l e , S e p t . , 1 9 8 3 . r  H o d o u i n , D, G a r o n , M, R e m l l l a r d , M, T h e r i e n , M, " A s s e s s m e n t of p r e c i o u s metals d i s t r i b u t i o n i n Lac Mattagami Flotation Plant by Computer Mass Balance calculation", CIM B u l l e t i n . V o l 81, No 919, Nov 1988.  H o y e r , D.I. " P i l o t P l a n t T e s t s Ore f r o m T h r e e S i s t e r s " , 1985.  on t h e Autogenous Milling of M i n t e k R e p o r t No. M199D. March  J a v e l l e , P., F u l c h i r o n , J . , G u y o t , R. " R e c e n t R e s e a r c h S t u d i e s by IRSID i n the Field of Autogenous Grinding", Proceedings VIII I n t e r n a t i o n a l M i n e r a l P r o c e s s i n g Congress New Y o r k , 1964, pp 595/611. Jergensen, J.V, Pena, R.F. "Wet Semiautogenous Mills", SME M i n e r a l P r o c e s s i n g H a n d b o o k , Ed N. W e i s s , AIME, 1985.  Ill  Kingston, J.F., "The control and Instrumentation continuous 60cm s e m i - a u t o g e n o u s mill circuit", T h e s i s , UBC, 1987  of a M.Eng  Knight, D.A., Medina, V . G . & Babcock, G.H., "Comminution C i r c u i t Comparsion: Conventional vs Semi-Autogenous", CIM D l s t . _ 6 ^ M e e t i n g , V a n c o u v e r , B . C . , O c t . 1 9 8 8 . Lakefield Research, "An investigation of autogenous and s e m i - a u t o g e n o u s g r i n d i n g of AJ P r o j e c t s a m p l e s submitted by Echo Bay Mines L t d . " , P r o g r e s s R e p o r t No.2 t o Echo Bay Mines L t d . August 1988. e  L o v e d a y , B . K . , " P r e d i c t i o n of Autogenous Milling From Pilot Plant Tests", P r o c e e d i n g s 1 1 t h Commonwealth M i n i n g a n d _ M e t a l l u r g i c a l C o n g r e s s , Hong K o n g , May 1 9 7 8 . M a c P h e r s o n , A . R . , " A S i m p l e Method t o Predict G r i n d i n g M i l l Requirements for P r o c e s s i n g D e p o s i t " , T r a n s a c t i o n s ^ A I M E Sept 1977. r  MacPherson, A . R . , B u l l e t i n , Jan  the Ore  Autogenous from a New  f  "Autogenous 1989.  Grinding  1987-Update",  CIM  Mular, A.L., Bond, T.,Burkert, A., Corrigan, D. "Mass Flowmeters for Low Flowrates of Solid Particles", S u b m i t t e d t o I n t ' l J o u r n a l of M i n e r a l P r o c e s s i n g , 1 9 8 9 . Moys,  M.H., Loveday, B.K."Autogenous-milling Research at the South A f r i c a n N a t i o n a l I n s t i t u t e f o r M e t a l l u r g y " , D i g r e M Ed., Proceedings of Autogenous G r i n d i n g Seminar U n i v e r s i t y of T r o n d h e i m , Norway, May 1979. f  Pena,  F., Hopple, R.,."Cascade Milling Scale-Up Considerations", D i g r e M . E d . , P r o c e e d i n g s of A u t o g e n o u s Gr i n d i n g S e m i n a r U n i v e r s i t y of Trondheim, Norway, May 1979. r  Rogovin, Z, & Herbst, J.A., Semi-Autogenous Grinding P r e p r i n t 85-399, A l b u q u e r q u e ,  "Charge Motion in a Mill", SME F a l l M e e t i n g , New M e x i c o , O c t , 1 9 8 5 .  Sepulveda, J . E . , Toro, CH.H, Aguillar, V.O., "Experimental D e t e r m i n a t i o n of A u t o g e n o u s Ore Grinding", Proceedings F i r s t N a t i o n a l Workshop on A u t o g e n o u s G r i n d i n g . CIMM, S a n t i a g o , C h i l e , 1983. f  112  Tanaka, T . , Tanaka, K . , " D e s i g n F e a t u r e s of a Serai-Autogenous G r i n d i n g M i l l and a C o m p a r s i o n of Test Mill Data with Actual Operating Data", P r o c e e d i n g s , F i r s t Workshop on A u t o g e n o u s G r i n d i n g , . CIMM, S a n t i a g o , C h i l e , Sept 1 9 8 3 . Themelis, N.J., Last, A.W., "Semi-Autogenous Grinding of Copper O r e s " , SME F a l l M e e t i n g , P r e p r i n t 78-B-359, Lake Buena V i s t a , F l o r i d a , S e p t , 1 9 7 8 . Uchida, Y.,Nakijima, Steel Engineers  Y . , " S c a l e - U p of A u t o g e n o u s Mill", R e p o r t s . V o l 3 5 , No 1, 1 9 8 5 .  Kobe  Wakeman, J . S . , M a i , A . , "Semiautogenous Grinding Performance with Large Diameter G r i n d i n g Balls", T r a n s a c t i o n s AIME, V01 2 8 0 , 1 9 8 4 . W y s l o u z i l , D.M., "Standard Laboratory-Pilot Plant Tests for Equipment S e l e c t i o n " , Ch.15 i n Mular A.L. & Jergensen G.V., Eds., Design and Installation of Comminution C i r c u i t s . SME L i t t l e t o n , C o , 1 9 8 2 .  113  APPENDIX  I  DETERMINATION OF MASS LOAD SETPOINT FOR 60cm M I L L .  114  The 60cm m i l l transmits  assembly  a signal  is  supported  proportional  to  by  the  a  Load  weight  of  Cell the  which  mill  plus  contents.  The c o n t r o l  strategy  is  i n the  which  e x p r e s s e d as  mill the  volume. small  full  For  mill  For  mill  scale  subsequent  the  was  mill  established.  is  for  varied  to  each  run.  a  - Volumetric  was  slurry  set  of  of  0.60  loading  of  - Ball  Charge e q u i v a l e n t  mill  which  balls, fills  the  volumetric the  standard  total  loading  loading  in  in  the  conditions  was  to  30%  78% C r i t i c a l to  load s e t p o i n t  C o n s i d e r the  steel  of  (60%).  Speed e q u a l  the  the  correspond to  - Mill  used.  up of  a percentage  loading  include  - Water R a t i o  To d e t e r m i n e  a fixed volumetric  30 L o r n e x r u n s  tests, These  to maintain  total  RPM)  9 . 9 % by Volume  the  charge  (42  following  i n the  mill.  algorithm It  o r e and w a t e r .  The o r e and  water  the  between t h e  balls.  interstices  115  is  made  form  a  The Weight  transmitted  to  the  load c e l l  is  given  by  Wt = Wm + Wc  Where  Wm = Weight  of  Mill  Wc = Weight  of  Charge,  Now Where  The water given  of  Steel  Wo = Weight  of  Ore  Ww = Weight  of  Water  K is  + Ore + W a t e r )  Wc = Wb + Wo + Ww  Wb = Weight  ratio  (Balls  Ball  maintained constant during a run,  by  Wo Therefore  po.Vo  Wc = Wb + Wo + kWo = Wb + (l+K)Wo  The volume  of  the  charge  is  given  by  Vc = Vb + Vo + Vw = Wb + Wo + KWo pb po = Wb + ( 1/po pb  116  + K)  Wo  an  For  a 30% V o l u m e t r i c  Loading Vc = 0.3 Vm  Therefore  Wo =  •  0  (  The  Total  charge  weight  is  3  V  ~  m  1/po  W  b  /  ^  b  2  + K)  then  Wc = Wb + ( 1 + K) " _  w  For  The  mill  h D  ,  i n B.C.  „.  (1+K) poWb (l+Kpo)pb  W  D  po = 2 . 8 g/cm  3  pb  a  ^ 7.71g/cm  3  giving  0.3Vm = 19293cm  3  4.91 7.71  Wc = t o t a l Wb = b a l l  values  into  + 18.79K + 21.59K  charge weight  . D  E q u a t i o n 3.  + 54020 (1-t-K) (1 + 2 . 8 K )  weight  (g)  (g)  117  (1+K)  gives  ]  po (0.3Vm) (1+Kpo)  (l+K)po(0.3Vm) (1 + Kpo)  Vm = 64310cm  these  Wo  (1+K)[ 0.3Vm -Wb/pb (1/p + K )  volume  Substituting  Where  u W  - pb-po + ( p b - l ) p o K pb + Kpbpo  porphory ores  '  3.  This  relationship  was  used  to  determine  w e i g h t f o r t h e 30 L o r n e x r u n s under Wb  and  the  the v a r i o u s  total  charge  conditions  of  K.  Under S t a n d a r d C o n d i t i o n s , K = 0.6 Wb  and  = 29.6  Kg  = 296000g which gives  The  Wc  setpoint  calculated  provided  to  = 55.433Kg  the  mill  control  from the c a l i b r a t i o n r e l a t i o n s h i p  which i s Wsp  Where  = 11.85  (Wc)  Wsp  = M i l l L o a d s e t p o i n t (A/D  Wc  = R e q u i r e d Charge  Wm  = Empty m i l l  Weight  +  Wm  Units)  Weight  (Kg)  (A/D  Units)  118  program  for mill  is  weight,  APPENDIX  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT:  II.  ADJUSTED FULL-SCALE DATA  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT  RUN » 1  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 S< 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  11.53  11.39  1.22  5.00  .00  .23  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  18.64  100.00  .00  .00  5.40  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  •00,  22.32  100.00  .00  .00  9.68  100.00  .00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  2.61  100.00  .00  .00  .53  100.00  .00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  20.31  100.00  .00  .00  9.15  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  4.64  100.00  .00  4.61  4.64  .60  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  4.28  100.00  .00  3.75  4.28  14.18  20.00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEA5.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  11.16  100.00  .00  98.91  97.37  .95  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  13.24  100.00  .00  72.40  71.03  1.83  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  13.24  100.00  .00  57.10  57.76  1.15  4.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  2.08  100.00  .00  79.45  79.69  .30  10.OO  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  11.16  100.00  .00  53.10  54.94  3.47  5.00  STREAHS  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  SCR  SCREEN FEED HEA3. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RE3ID. VALUES  RELAT.  HE AS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  OVERSIZE  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .20  100.00  10.00  .00  1.27  26500  .00  .91  100.00  10.00  5.77  5.77  .07  10.00  13000  2.37  2.33  1.88  10.00  14.52  14.81  1.93  10.00  13200  2.98  3.13  5.18  10.00  20.8S  19.75  5.43  10.00  9500  3.10  2.37  4.27  10.00  16.35  17.50  3.37  10.00  6700  3.12  3.86  23.61  10.00  9.95  8.79  11.70  10.00  4750  3.05  3.04  .17  10.00  6.17  6.18  .13  10.00  3350  3.23  2.95  8.64  10.00  3.20  3.24  1.39  10.00  2360  3.76  3.43  8.68  10.00  2.18  2.20  .32  10.00  1700  3.62  3.40  6.11  10.00  1.29  1.29  .36  10.00  1180  4.33  4.29  .90  10.00  1.17  1.17  .05  10.00  850  4.68  4.88  4.35  10.00  1.04  1.04  .14  10.00  600  6.44  5.49  14.71  10.00  1.25  1.26  .46  10.00  425  5.96  5.82  2.40  10.00  1.18  1.18  .09  10.00  300  6.70  6.31  1.59  10.00  1.45  1.45  .04  10.00  212  5.52  5.75  4.19  10.00  1.29  1.29  .14  10.00  150  5.23  5.59  6.90  10.00  1.43  1.43  .28  10.00  106  4.32  4.66  7.81  10.00  1.26  1.26  .34  10.00  75  3.30  4.24  8.76  10.00  1.21  1.21  .41  10.00  53  3.83  4.23  10.45  10.00  1.22  1.21  .51  10.00  33  2.74  3.02  10.05  10.00  .82  .82  .46  10.00  -38  21.12  19.00  10.02  10.00  5.87  5.90  .51  10.00  121  100.00  10.00  STREAM  SCR  U/FLOW  FRESH  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT AE  215000  0.00  152000  11.95  107000  8.23  75000  4.73  53000  11.42  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  7.57  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  7.88  19000  .00  .00  100.00  .00  4.51  13200  .04  .04  .01  5.00  4.61  9500  .26  .26  .08  5.00  4.28  6700  3.09  2.94  4.90  5.00  4.14  4750  2.46  2.46  .05  5.00  3.79  3350  2.85  2.90  1.63  5.00  3.07  2360  3.60  3.66  1.73  5.00  3.14  1700  3.74  3.79  1.36  5.00  2.60  1130  4.86  4,87  .25  5.00  2.12  "850  5.66  5.60  1.06  5.00  2.69  600  6.10  6.28  2.98  5.00  2.10  425  6.64  6.6B  .62  5.00  1.76  300  7.83  7.80  .33  5.00  1.59  212  6.65  6.58  1.01  5.00  0.76  150  6.48  6.37  1.75  5.00  0.34  106  5.40  5.29  2.02  5.00  0.80  75  4.92  4,81  2.29  5.00  0.73  53  4.93  4.79  2.80  5.00  0.70  38  3.52  3.43  2.69  5.00  0.59  • -38  20.97  21.44  2.26  5.00  3.26  1 00  1 JLi.  MASS BALANCE QF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 12 MASS BALANCE RESULTS ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 b 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  12.04  12.07  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  HE AS.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .29  5.00  .00  .23 100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  18.40 100.00  .00  .00  5.31  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  22.83 100.00  .00  .00  9.75  100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .30 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  21.29 100.00  .00  .00  9.45  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  .00  4.79  4.78  .17  5.00  1,54 4.78  100.00  SOLID FLDW RATES HE AS. STREAMS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  11.84  100.00  .00  97.81  93.07  .26  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  13.09 100.00  .00  72.40  71.12  1.76  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  13.09 100.00  .00  57.80  57.32  .83  4.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  1.25 100.00  .00  79.90  80.69  .99  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .00  54.15  55.62  2.72  5.00  11.84  100.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .41  .48  16.27  10.00  6.70  5.01  25.26  10.00  19000  1.28  1.29  .74  10.00  12.20  12.13  .58  10.00  13200  2.34  2.25  4.03  10.00  20.31  21.02  3.49  10.00  9500  2.93  2.74  6.64  10.00  15.54  16.08  3.48  10.00  6700  3.34  2.95  11.78  10.00  10.61  11.00  3.65  10.00  4750  3.42  3.14  8.05  10.00  5.94  6.02  1.38  10.00  3350  3.71  3.09  16.78  10.00  3.29  3.34  1.44  10.00  2360  4.25  3.66  13.90  10.00  2.42  2.44  .77  10.00  1700  3.96  3.17  19.98  10.00  1.52  1.53  .74  10.00  1130  4.22  4.74  12.30  10.00  1.54  1.53  .42  10.00  850  4.89  4.68  4.38  10.00  1.19  1.19  .11  10.00  600  6.54  6.50  .54  10.00  1.48  1.48  .02  10.00  425  5.92  5.84  1.38  10.00  1.33  1.33  .04  10.00  300  6.95  6.36  8.52  10.00  1.55  1.55  .19  10.00  212  5.81  5.90  1.63  10.00  1.41  1.41  .03  10.00  150  5.85  5.73  2.03  10.00  1.48  1.48  .06  10.00  106  4.69  5.10  8.67  10.00  1.35  1.35  .23  10.00  75  4.29  4.72  9.97  • 10.00  1.33  1.33  .23  10.00  53  4.38  3.42  22.03  10.00  1.43  1.44  .70  10.00  38  3.14  4.35  38.51  10.00  1.02  1.01  1.13  10.00  -38  17.66  19.30  12.66  10.00  6.33  6.31  .38  10.00  124  STREAM  SCR  FRESH  U/FLOW  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT AI  215000  0.00  152000  5.73  107000  6.10  75000  11.67  53000  12.86  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  1.11  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.32  19000  .00  .15  100.00  5.00  5.52  13200  .27  .27  .14  5.00  5.18  9500  1.32  1.33  .35  5.00  4.39  6700  2.06  2.10  1.92  5.00  3.40  4750  2.79  2.84  1.86  5.00  3.36  3350  2.96  3.06  3.42  5.00  3.04  2360  3.67  3.79  3.20  5.00  3.11  1700  3.21  3.34  4.09  5.00  2.43  1130  5.22  5.08  2.75  5.00  2.06  850  4.96  5.04  1.66  5.00  2.64  600  6.96  7.03  1.05  5.00  2.18  425  6.24  6.31  1.16  5.00  1.33  300  6.68  6.36  2.74  5.00  1.83  212  6.35  6.38  .44  5.00  1.29  150  6.10  6.13  1.29  5.00  1.07  106  5.5B  5.49  1.59  5.00  0.64  75  5.18  5.07  2.04  5.00  0.73  53  3.47  3.62  4.41  5.00  0.78  33  5.50  4.70  14.53  5.00  0.27  -38  21.47  21.33  .63  5.00  2.3S  '  125  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 13 MASS BALANCE RESULTS ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS I k 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV 15.16  15.03  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .84  5.00  .00  .57 100.00  .00 .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  23.63 100.00  .00  .00  10.77 100.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  32.20 100.00  .00  .00  i  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  5.77 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  26.43 100.00  HILL WATER  .00  PBOX WATER  .00  100.00  .00  .00  1.37 100.00  .00  .00  .00  11.97 100.00  .00  8.83 100.00  .00  8.73  8.33  1.19  5.00  2.57 100.00  .00  2.50  2.57  2.64  20.00  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  Ji  00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  14.47 100.00  .00  37.22  96.23  1.02  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  18.87 100.00  .00  62.30  63.66  2.19  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  IB.87 100.00  .00  57.50  58.59  1.B9  4.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  4.40 100.00  .00  79.00  76.23  3.42  10,00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  14.47 100.00  .00  55.05  54.73  .59  5.00  126  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  SCR 0VERSI2E  SCREEN FEED MEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .00  1.34  100.00  10.00  5.52  5.76  4.40  10.00  19000  4.30  4.75  10.63  10.00  18.34  13.74  4.22  10.00  13200  5.97  6.23  5.38  10.00  21.37  24.63  12.88  10.00  3500  4.50  5.73  27.38  10.00  14.54  13.23  9.01  10.00  6700  3.51  5.38  53.15  10.00  8.84  6.71  24.15  10.00  4750  3.79  6.16  62.61  10.00  4.33  4.19  15.05  10.00  3350  3.71  6.16  65.94  10.00  2.71  2.46  9.07  10.00  2360  4.16  5.31  66.12  10.00  1.82  1.72  5.29  10.00  1700  3.85  6.16  59.91  10.00  1.11  1.08  3.14  10.00  1180  4.63  3.75  13.02  10.00  1.20  1.23  2.11  10.00  850  4.42  3.23  26.98  10.00  .35  .97  2.11  10.00  600  5.38  4.27  27.35  10.00  1.25  1.28'  2.36  10.00  425  5.24  3.86  26.28  10.00  1.23  1.26  2.42  10.00  300  5.86  4.36  25.54  10.00  1.55  1.53  2.31  10.00  212  4.96  3.72  25.06  10.00  1.45  1.43  2.87  10.00  150  5.00  3.82  23.68  10.00  1.59  1.64  3.03  10.00  106  4.11  3.12  24.14  10.00  1.40  1.44  3.04  10.00  75  3.73  2.85  24.67  10.00  1.31  1.35  3.04  10.00  53  3.73  2.82  25.71  10.00  1.31  1.35  3.12  10.00  33  2.71  1.33  26.41  10.00  .93  .36  2.86  10.00  -38  15.86  13.36  15.76  10.00  5.54  5.86  5.71  10.00  127  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW  FRESH FEED  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT ADJUSTED  215000  0.00  152000  3.33  107000  10.47  75000  3.13  53000  8.53  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.17  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.72  19000  .20  .20  .17  5.00  5.24  13200  .69  .70  .81  5.00  4.53  9500  3.43  3.45  .62  5.00  4.22  6700  5.43  4.97  8.45  5.00  4.20  4750  7.90  6.76  14.33  5.00  3.30  3350  8.92  7.28  18.39  5.00  j i JO  2360  10.29  8.49  17.51  5.00  3.02  1700  9.04  7.70  14.80  5.00  2.58  1180  4.15  4.52  8.85  5.00  2.14  850  3.59  3.91  9.03  5.00  2.86  600  4.69  5.18  10.43  5.00  2.37  425  4.24  4.65  9.78  5.00  2.07  300  4.72  5.21  10.23  5.00  1.35  212  4.02  4.39  3.30  5.00  0.68  150  4.10  4.48  3.24  5.00  0.35  106  3.35  3.63  8.28  5.00  0.78  75  3.06  3.30  7.35  5.00  0.68  53  3.02  3.26  7.33  5.00  0.65  38  2.16  2.31  6.94  5.00  0.51  -38  13.01  15.61  13.38  5.00  3.04  .  128  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  RUN *4  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 tt 2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  13.44  13.44  .01  MILL DISCH.  .00  20.65  SCREEN FEED  .00  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  • ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  5.00  .00  .32  100.00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  6.68  100.00  .00  22.77  100.00  .00  .00  8.81  100.00  .00  .00  1.03  100.00  .00  .00  .18  100.00  .00  U/FLOW  .00  21.74  100.00  .00  .00  8.62  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  6.13  100.00  .00  6.17  6.13  .12  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  2.12  100.00  .00  2.00  2.12  6.01  20.00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  13.11  100.00  .00  97.69  97.59  .10  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  13.97  100.00  .00  69.90  67.63  3.25  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  13.97  100.00  .00  59.50  61.33  3.08  5,00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .85  100.00  .00  82.10  82.24  .17  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  13.11  100.00  .00  59.53  60.34  1.35  5.00  STREAMS  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  Of NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  SCREEN FEED MEAS. VALUES  37500  .00  26500  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  1.62  .17  89.80  10.00  2.48  2.71  9.31  10.00  19000  1.43  1.01  29.62  10.00  13.09  15.30  21.44  10.00  13200  1.30  1.52  16,79  10.00  23.14  20.34  9,52  10.00  9500  1.91  2.36  23.52  10.00  17.27  16.15  6.47  10.00  CI  6700  2.58  3.05  18.05  10.00  10.33  10.28  . Jo  10.00  4750  3.20  3.59  12.30  10.00  6.54  6.60  .92  10.00  3350  3.41  3.57  4.74  10.00  3.01  3.04  .88  10.00  2360  4.69  4.19  10.66  10.00  1.89  1.31  .97  10.00  1700  3.73  3.60  5.05  10.00  1.06  1.07  .48  10.00  1180  4.75  4.35  8.42  10.00  .99  .33  .48  10.00  850  4.62  4.29  7.09  10.00  .86  .86  .40  10.00  600  6.25  5.32  5.32  10.00  1.22  1.23  .52  10.00  425  5.30  5.76  2.42  10.00  1.24  1.25  .50  10.00  300  6.69  6.83  2.07  10.00  1.71  1.72  .61  10.00  212  5.33  6.14  3.61  10.00  1.57  1.58  .53  10.00  150  5.68  6.19  8.89  10.00  1.77  1.78  .50  10.00  106  4.58  5.09  11.16  10.00  1.55  1.56  .35  10.00  75  4.16  4.56  9.62  10.00  1.36  1.36  .32  10.00  53  4.12  4.40  6.78  10.00  1.43  1.44  .33  10.00  38  2.35  3.14  6.42  10.00  .35  .35  .23  10.00  -38  20.44  20.29  .75  10.00  6.56  6.72  2.48  10.00  130  .  FRESH FEED  SCR U/FLOW  STREAM  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT ADJUSTED  215000  0.00  152000  8.52  107000  14.01  75000  7.20  53000  6.16  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  5.89  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  7.09  19000  .04  .04  .20  5.00  6.14  13200  .26  .26  .77  5.00  5.46  3500  1.53  1.46  4.31  5.00  4.59  6700  2.69  2.58  4.22  5.00  3.71  4750  3.50  3.40  2.91  5.00  3.77  3350  3.64  3.61  .33  5.00  2.99  2360  4.23  4.34  2.56  5.00  3.13  1700  3.71  3.76  1.43  5.00  2.58  1180  4.47  4.57  2.18  5.00  2.16  850  4.43  4.51  1.32  5.00  2.76  600  6.12  6.22  1.66  5.00  2.27  425  5.99  6.05  1.01  5.00  1.55  300  7.16  7.16  .00  5.00  1.77  212  6.47  6.44  .46  5.00  0.72  150  6.60  6.47  1.35  5.00  0.95  106  5.47  5.32  2.73  5.00  0.78  75  4.38  4.77  2.30  5.00  0.70  53  4.66  4.59  1.47  5.00  0.67  38  3.33  3.23  1.46  5.00  0.53  -38  20.80  21.15  1.68  5.00  3.37  131  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  RUN 15  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 b 2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  13.37  13.45  .61  5.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  24.33 100.00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  26.43 100.00  .00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  MILL WATER PBOX WATER  .00  .00  11.40 100.00  .00  .00  .00  .51 100.00  .00  24.12 100.00  .00  .00  10.89 100.00  .00  .00  8.57 100.00  .00  8.54  8.57  .30  5.00  .00  2.10  .00  2.25  2.10  6.59  20.00  2.31  100.00  9.30  .00  100.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  STREAMS  .22 100.00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  13.23 100.00  .00  98.29  98.34  .05  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  15.03 100.00  .00  58.30  61.78  5.97  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  15.03 100.00  .00  59.70  56.87  4.75  5.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  iOO.OO  .00  78.10  77.95  .19  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  13.23 100.00  .00  54.65  54.85  .36  5.00  1.80  132  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  SCREEN FEED  STREAMS MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  SCR  RESID. VALUES  RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  OVERSIZE  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .13  100.00  10.00  1.05  1.05  .35  10.00  26500  .93  .62  32.81  10.00  4.35  5.21  19.84  10.00  19000  1.48  1.63  10.28  10.00  14.18  13.18  7.08  10.00  13200  2.41  2.70  12.22  10.00  19.20  18.19  5.28  10.00  9500  3.13  3.24  1.73  10.00  15.24  15.36  4.05  10.00  6700  3.48  3.63  4.31  10.00  10.74  i0.95  1.98  10.00  4750  4.11  4.32  5.17  10.00  6.90  6.99  1.26  10.00  3350  4.17  4.41  5.79  10.00  4.15  4.18  .69  10.00  2360  5.12  5.16  .72  10.00  2.85  2.88  .90  10.00  1700  4.79  4.67  2.43  10.00  1.72  1.73  .68  10.00  1180  5.64  5.15  8.73  10.00  1.51  1.52  .73  10.00  850  5.63  4.92  12.58  10.00  1.23  1.24  .74  10.00  600  7.09  6.33  9.99  10.00  1.43  1.49  .74  10.00  425  5.39  5.69  5.05  10.00  1.33  1.34  .58  10.00  300  6.46  6.44  .30  10.00  1.54  1.55  .52  10.  212  5.14  5.34  3.96  10.00  1.34  1.34  .32  10.00  150  4.93  5.38  7.79  10.00  1.38  1.38  .20  10.00  106  3.88  4.35  12.19  10.00  1.17  1.17  .05  10.00  75  3.43  3.84  12.06  10.00  1.10  1.10  .10  10.00  53  3.30  3.58  B.59  10.00  1.10  1.10  .02  10.00  38  2.36  2.56  3.32  10.00  .78  .78  .07  10.00  -33  16.41  15.83  10.00  5.65  5.76  2.03  10,00  0.  Jl  133  oo  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW  FRESH FEED  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT ADJUSTED  215000  0.00  152000  10.94  107000  13.01  75000  14.05  53000  10.56  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.32  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  7.07  19000  .06  .06  .09  5.00  4.80  13200  .60  .60  .66  5.00  4.46  9500  1.52  1.52  .15  5.00  3.53  6700  2.65  2.63  .66  5.00  3.19  4750  4.00  3.36  1.01  5.00  2.37  3350  4.50  4.44  1.27  5.00  2.40  2360  5.47  5.47  .04  5.00  2.24  1700  5.04  5.07  .68  5.00  1.86  1130  5.53  5.64  2.01  5.00  1.53  350  5.28  5.42  2.72  5.00  1.93  600  6.89  7.05  2.30  5.00  1.57  425  6.20  6.28  1.29  5.00  1.32  300  7.09  7.11  .24  5.00  1.13  212  5.94  5.89  .87  5.00  0.54  150  6.04  5.92  1.94  5.00  0.69  106  4.95  4.79  3.31  5.00  0.55  75  4.36  4.22  3.27  5.00  0.48  53  4.01  3.32  2.20  5.00  0.45  38  2.36  2.80  2.15  5.00  0.37  -38  17.02  17.22  1.20  5.00  2.11  134  HASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  RUN § 6  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 &2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  12.64  12.92  2.25  5.00  .00  .05  100.00  .00  DISCH.  .00  23.93  too.00  .00  .00  8.94  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  27.38  100.00  .00  .00  12.39  100.00  .00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  2.61  100.00  .00  .00  .49  100.00  .00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  24.77  100.00  .00  .00  11.90  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  8.39  100.00  .00  8.54  8.39  1.73  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  3.45  100.00  .00  3.50  3.45  1.33  20.00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED HILL  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  12.87  100.00  .00  97.80  99.59  1.83  3.00  HILL  DISCH.  .00  14.99  100.00  .00  65.20  62.64  3.92  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  14.99  100.00  .00  55.50  54.75  1.35  5.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  2.12  100.00  .00  79.10  31.08  2.51  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  12.87  100.00  .00  51.63  51.97  .65  5.00  STREAMS  135  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .43  .57  15.41  10.00  5.23  4.00  23.55  10.00  13000  3.27  2.63  13.60  10.00  16.44  13.59  13.06  10.00  13200  3.37  3.45  2.32  10.00  22.73  21.95  3.43  10.00  3500  3.47  3.50  .92  10.00  17.13  16.36  1.56  10.00  6700  3.14  3.03  3.63  10.00  8.96  9.05  .98  10.00  4750  3.47  3.12  10.19  10.00  5.10  5.19  1.85  10.00  3350  3.43  3.10  11.11  10.00  2.57  2.60  1.02  10.00  2360  4.03  3.62  10.22  10.00  1.75  1.76  .53  10.00  1700  3.76  3.27  12.92  10.00  1.02  1.02  .44  10.00  1180  4.33  3.34  11.29  10.00  .89  .39  .23  10.00  850  4.59  3.34  14.27  10.00  .73  .73  .28  10.00  600  6.26  5.51  11.92  10.00  1.00  1.00  .22  10.00  425  5.80  5.37  7.47  10.00  1.02  1.02  .13  10.00  300  6.32  6.74  2.61  10,00  1.45  1.45  .00  10.00  212  5.73  5.84  1.94  10.00  1.41  1.41  .14  10.00  150  5.70  6.04  5.89  10.00  1.63  1.62  .33  10.00  106  4.53  4.34  8.95  10.00  1.41  1.40  .47  10.00  75  4.02  4.33  9.07  10.00  1.30  1.29  .43  10.00  53  3.85  4.13  7.24  10.00  1.31  1.30  .42  10.00  38  2.75  2.35  7.42  10.00  .94  .94  .41  10.00  -38  17.04  20.05  17.68  10.00  5.98  5.91  1.20  10.00  136  •  STREAM  FRESH FEED •  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT ADJUSTED  215000  0.00  152000  3.66  107000  7.61  75000  5.37  53000  8.71  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  5.23  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  8.57  19000  .00  .00  100.00  .00  5.34  13200  .40  .40  .02  5.00  6.63  9500  1.30  1.30  .05  5.00  5.30  6700  2.02  2.03  .70  5.00  3.36  4750  2.72  2.77  1.38  5.00  4.06  3350  3.11  3.13  2.43  5.00  3.41  2360  3.83  3.92  2.46  5.00  3.43  1700  3.54  3.64  2.36  5.00  2.80  1180  4.21  4.33  2.77  5.00  2.27  850  4.32  4.46  3.31  5.00  2.30  600  6.07  6.26  3.08  5.00  2.35  425  5.35  6.08  2.23  5.00  2.01  300  7.51  7.61  1.35  5.00  1.79  212  6.56  6.57  .17  5.00  0.80  150  6.82  5.76  .84  5.00  1.02  106  5.62  5.52  1.83  5.00  0.83  75  4.33  4.39  1.33  5.00  0.75  53  4.66  4.59  1.42  5.00  0.68  38  3.34  3.23  1.60  5.00  0.55  -38  23.02  22.36  2.86  5.00  3.58  137  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 17  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES . HE AS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  16.75  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .12  5.00  .00  .38 100.00  .00  .00  28.73 100.00  .00  .00  10.53 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  '.00  32.17 100.00  .00  .00  13.37 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .46 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  29.89 100.00  .00  .00  13.51 100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  9.70  100.00  .00  9.65  9.70  .50  5.0O  PBQX WATER  .00  3.44  100.00  .00  3.50  3.44  . 1.75  20.00  MILL DISCH.  16.73  MEAS.  2.28  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED-  .00  16.37 100.00  .00  98.01  97.75  .27  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  18.20 100.00  .00  61.30  63.35  2.50  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  18.20 100.00  .00  56.30  56.57  .57  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  80.50  80.03  .59  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  16.37 100.00  .00  55.00  54.78  .39  5.0  1.83  138  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  SCREEN FEED  STREAMS MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MEAS.  ESTIM, RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .69  .65  5.34  10.00  6.10  6.47  5.99  10.00  13000  1.68  1.68  .08  10.00  13.44  13.66  1.66  10.00  13200  2.51  2.67  6.55  10.00  22.07  21.37  3.16  10.00  3500  4.03  3.30  3.15  10.00  18.00  13.64  3.55  10.00  6700  3.42  4.16  21.66  10.00  10.09  9.56  5.21  10.00  4750  4.43  5.08  13.40  10.00  5.37  5.91  1.08  10.00  3350  4.87  4.39  2.41  10.00  3i u6  3.37  .23  10.00  2360  5.47  5.46  .16  10.00  2.24  2.25  .27  10.00  1700  4.85  4.59  5.23  10.00  1.33  i • u3  .30  10.00  1180  5.85  5.13  12.27  10.00  1.23  1.23  .41  10.00  350  5.21  4.70  3.81  10.00  .97  .97  .30  10.00  600  6.46  5.72  11.47  10.00  1.18  1.18  .35  10.00  425  5.43  4.96  8.70  10.00  1.09  1.09  .30  10.00  300  6.02  5.77  4.16  10.00  1.31  .25  10.00  212  4.84  4.92  1.68  10.00  1.21  1.21  .10  10.00  150  4.79  5.07  5.76  10.00  1.32  1.32  .00  10.00  106  3.97  4.31  8.63  10.00  1.14  1.14  .11  10.00  75  3.61  3.94  9.17  10.00  1.09  1.09  .15  10.00  53  3.49  3.87  10.77  10.00  1.14  1.14  .22  10.00  33  2.50  2.76  10.52  10.00  .32  .82  .25  10.00  -38  15.82  15.65  1.05  10.00  4.90  4.93  .61  10.00  139  •  1.31  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW HEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  NOT ADJUSTED  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  8.12  152000 •  3.04  107000  10.42  75000  9.41  53000  11.58  37500  .00  .00 iOO.OO  .00  5.67  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.81  13000  .00  .34 100.00  5.00  4.96  13200  .53  .59  .35  5.00  4.64  3500  2.25  2.26  .38  5.00  4.01  6700  3.76  3.56  5.38  5.00  3.30  4750  5.17  4.99  3.51  5.00  3.50  3350  5.20  5.17  .61  5.00  2.93  2360  5.32  5.82  .00  5.00  3.14  1700  4.90  4.96  1.17  5.00  2.42  1180  5.43  5.57  2.52  5.00  1.98  850  5.01  5.11  2.09  5.00  2.49  600  6.08  6.23  2.33  5.00  2.05  425  5.23  5.39  1.87  5.00  1.67  300  6.21  6.27  .92  5.00  1.56  212  5.36  5.34  .46  5.00  1.07  150  5.57  5.48  1.55  5.00  0.77  106  4.78  4.67  2.37  5.00  0.74  75  4.37  4.26  2.53  5.00  0.62  53  4.30  4.i7  3.01  5.00  0.71  33  3.07  2.53  2.93  5.00  0.54  -38  16.85  16.87  .13  5.00  2.84  140  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 18  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS i & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  13.22  13.12  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  HEAS.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .74  5.00  .00  .60 100.00  .00  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  23.18 100.00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  25.84 100.00  .00  .00  10.26 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .35 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLDW  .00  21.93 100.00  .00  .00  3.41  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  6.15 100.00  .00  6.10  6.15  .31  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  2.66 100.00  .00  2.50  2.66  6.47  20.00  3.91  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  7.53  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.OEV  FRESH FEED  .00  12.53 100.00  .00  96.30  95.46  .87  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  15.59 100.00  .00  67.70  67.24  .68  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  15.59 100.00  .00  59.60  60.32  1.20  6.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  ,00  73.30  73.29  .01  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  12.53 100.00  .00  55.43  57.11  3.03  5.00  3.06  141  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED HEAS.  ESTIH.  VALUES  VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .95  .95  .27  10.00  4.83  4.85  .44  10.00  19000  4.30  3.05  29.02  10.00  13.04  15.54  19.20  10.00  12200  3.83  4.21  9.98  10.00  21.94  20.13  7.99  10.00  9500  3.91  4.17  6.66  10.00  16.36  15.86  3.06  10.00  6700  3.32  'j . Js,J  7.08  10.00  9.46  3.22  2.57  10.00  4750  3.25  3.48  7.06  10.00  5.84  5.74  1.63  10.00  3350  3.13  3.14  .23  10.00  3.06  3.07  .41  10.00  2360  3.61  3.57  1.16  10.00  2.05  2.06  .43  10.00  1700  3.55  3.34  6.04  10.00  1.24  1.25  .60  10.00  1130  4.58  4.04  11.73  10.00  1.18  1.19  .77  10,00  850  4.76  4.28  10.12  10.00  1.09  1.10  .62  10.00  600  6.53  5.90  9.62  10.00  1.44  1.45  .63  10.00  425  5.95  5.44  8.53  10.00  1.38  1.39  .59  10.00  300  6.87  6.56  4.46  10.00  1.77  1.78  .49  10.00  212  5.44  5.48  .68  10.00  1.58  1.58  .19  10.00  150  5.26  5.55  5.52  10.00  1.75  1.75  .10  10.00  106  4.27  4.54  6.33  10.00  1.54  1.54  .23  10.00  75  3.37  4.06  4.78  10.00  1.44  1.44  .14  10.  53  3.72  3.92  5.41  10.00  1.48  1.48  .21  10.00  38  2.66  2.80  5.42  10.00  1.06  1.06  .27  10.00  -36  16.25  17.97  10.57  10.00  6.48  6.49  .13  10.00  r  142  oo  FRESH FEED  SCR U/FLOW  STREAM MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID.  RELAT.  NOT ADJUSTED  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  0.00  107000  7.77  75000  3.05  53000  11.46  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.71  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.32  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.25  13200  .31  .31  .15  5.00  5.55  9500  1.32  1.31  .33  5.00  4.54  6700  2.19  2.17  .84  5.00  3.82  4750  2.96  2.93  1.15  5.00  4.06  3350  3.15  3.15  .10  5.00  3.66  2360  3.92  3.34  .43  5.00  3.37  1700  3.79  3.B5  1.47  5.00  3.29  1130  4.62  4.74  2.53  5.00  2.61  850  4.94  5.06  2.34  5.00  3.38  600  6.33  6.33  2.34  5.00  2.33  425  6.30  6.43  2.11  5.00  2.39  300  7.63  7.73  1.35  5.00  2.17  212  6.42  6.43  .13  5.00  0.76  150  6.55  6.48  1.08  5.00  1.18  106  5.35  5.28  1.36  5.00  0.35  75  4.74  4.63  .36  5.00  0.35  53  4.57  4.52  1.13  5.00  0.81  38  3.27  3.23  1.13  5.00  0.67  -38  21.14  20.76  1.73  5.00  3.34  143  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 19  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS Ik 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  MEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  12.63  12.45  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  1.40  5.00  .00  .47 100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  23.16 100.00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  25.89 100.00  .00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  4.85 100.00  .00  .00  1.06  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  21.04 100.00  .00  .00  9.06  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  5.36  100.00  .00  5.79  5.36  1.24  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  2.73 100.00  .00  2.50  2.73  9.05  20.00  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  7.39  100.00  .00  10.11 100.00  .00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  11.39 100.00  .00  37.63  96.25  1.42  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  15.73 100.00  .00  68.30  58.11  .28  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  15.78 100.00  .00  53.30  60.94  1.73  6.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  78.30  78.18  .16  5.0O  SCR U/FLOW  .00  11.93 100.00  .00  54.70  56.96  4.14  5.00  3.79  144  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  26500  .86  1.01  19000  4.69  13200  .00 100.00  MEAS.  ESTIM, RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES •ST.DEV.  .00 100.00  .00  .00  17.25  10.00  5.74  4.20  26.87  10.00  3.34  15.30  10.00  14.44  16.42  13.71  10.00  4.06  4.48  10.30  10.00  20.08  18.17  9.52  10.00  9500  4.48  4.50  .43  10.00  15.73  16.07  1.73  10.00  6700  3.97  3.62  3.86  10.00  3.37  3.36  6.29  10.00  4750  4.04  3.23  18.83  10.00  5.73  6.21  7.27  10.00  3350  3.76  2.78  25.97  10.00  3.00  3.16  5.38  10.00  2360  4.03  3.23  19.39  10.00  1.38  2.03  2.62  10.00  1700  3.67  3.05  16.93  10.00  1.22  1.24  1.52  10.00  1180  3.77  3.75  .23  10.00  .1.11  1.11  .17  10,00  850  4.16  3.65  12.21  10.00  .37  .38  .82  10.00  600  5.63  5.43  3.53  10.00  1.35  1.36  .33  10.00  425  5.31  5.62  5.87  10.00  1.38  '1.39  .18  10.00  300  6.37  6.45  1.30  10.00  1.86  1,36  .16  10.00  212  5.11  5.45  6.70  10.00  1.71  1.70  .31  10.00  150  5.21  5.80  11.24  10.00  1.36  1,85  .71  10.00  106  4.23  4.60  8.63  10.00  1.61  1.60  .57  10.00  75  3.32  4.26  11.54  10.00  1.46  1.45  .86  10.00  53  3.55  4.11  15.63  10.00  1.47  1.45  1.36  10.00  38  2.54  2.84  11,34  10.00  1.05  1.04  1.04  10.00  -38  16.73  18.13  8.37  10.00  6.75  6.76  .10  10.00  145  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  NOT ADJUSTED  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  8.03  107000  8.80  75000  9.02  *S 9 fill ft  11.56  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.28  26500 •  .00  .00 100.00  .00  8.14  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.33  13200  .15  .15  .06  5.00  4.38  9500  .84  .84  .08  5.00  4.07  6700  1.60  1.61  .85  5.00  J. J j  4750  2.30  2.35  2.23  5.00  3.63  3350  2.57  2.66  3.65  5.00  2.33  2360  3.43  3.61  3.64  5.00  2.99  1700  3.50  3.62  3.45  5.00  2.51  1130  4.57  4.60  .57  5.00  2.13  850  4.37  4.50  2.92  5.00  2.65  600  5.62  6.72  1.51  5.00  2.23  425  7.01  6.96  .70  5.00  1.91  300  7.36  7.90  .56  5.00  1.74  212  6.70  6.64  .93  5.00  1.22  150  7.20  7.04  2.16  5.00  1.65  106  5.63  5.54  1.57  5.00  1.20  75  5.28  5.15  2.45  -5.00  0.98  53  5.14  4.95  3.75  5.00  0.85  38  3.51  3.41  2.75  5.00  0.62  -38  21.68  21.75  .32  5.00  1.36  146  HASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 110  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 k 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  MEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  11.72  11.59  MEAS.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  1.10  5.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  21.44 100.00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  23.56 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  2.27 100.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  21.29 100.00  MILL WATER  .00  7.58  PBOX WATER  .00  2.11  STREAMS  .35 100.00 8.46  .00  100.00  .00  .00  10.57 100.00  .00  .00  .00  .52 100.00  .00  .00  .00  10.05 100.00  .00  100.00  .00  7.49  7.58  1.26  5.00  100.00  .00  2.00  2.11  5.72  20.00  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  11.24 100.00  .00  98.05  97.00  1.07  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  12.99 100.00  . 00  60.70  60.56  .22  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  12.39 100.00  .00  53.50  55.13  3.04  6.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  77.00  76.37  .17  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  11.24 100.00  .00  51.73  52.81  2.09  5.00  1.74  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  26500  1.36  13000  2.64  L  13200  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  .62  68.29  10.00  3.87  4.63  19.67  10.00  133  11.79  10.00  15.07  17.35  15.15  10.00  2.46  2.90  17.88  10.00  22.41  19.55  12.75  10.00  3500  2.62  2.93  11.90  10.00  14.63  14.25  2.98  10.00  6700  2.46  2.67  7.46  10.00  B.87  8.87  .02  10.00  4750  2.76  3.06  10.91  10.00  5.80  5.76  .72  10.00  3350  2.87  3.04  5.79  10.00  3.53  3.61  .43  10.00  2360  3.43  3.63  3.33  10.00  2.45  2.47  .63  10.00  1700  3.43  3.27  6.18  10.00  1.51  1.52  .97  10.00  1180  4.17  3.54  15.03  10.00  1.26  1.27  1.12  10.00  850  4.53  3.88  15.23  10.00  1.06  1.07  .90  10.00  600  6.05  5.30  12.47  10.00  1.31  1.32  .39  10.00  425  5.73  5.20  10.16  10.00  1.23  1.24  .79  10.00  300  7.30  6.78  7.13  10.00  1.58  1.59  .85  10.00  212  6.15  6.00  2.41  10.00  1.49  1.50  .68  10.00  150  6.22  6.25  .43  10.00  1.68  1.69  .66  10.00  106  4.98  5.29  6.31  10.00  1.45  1.45  .34  10.00  75  4.40  4.77  8.48  10.00  1.37  1.37  .20  10.00  53  4.08  4.51  10.64  10.00  1.37  1.37  .08  10.00  33  2.92  3.23  10.51  10.00  .38  .98  .07  10.00  -38  18.56  20.77  11.30  10.00  6.95  7.10  2.23  10.00  148  STREAK  FRESH FEED  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  NOT ADJUSTED  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 0.00  215000  7.22  152000  4.94  107000 75000  13.31  53000  10.18  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.38  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  8.00  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.96  13200  .32  .32  .48  5.00  5.80  3500  1.13  1.18  1.08  5.00  4.61  6700  1.72  1.70  .39  5.00  4.27  4750  2.70  2.64  2.11  5.00  3.49  2.98  2.95  1.08  5.00  3.17  2360  3.83  3.81  .64  5.00  2.39  1700  3.43  3.55  1.60  5.00  2.43  1180  3.77  3.89  3.23  5.00  1.36  850  4.18  4.32  3.32  5.00  2.65  600  5.74  5.91  2.39  5.00  2.01  425  5.67  5.82  2.57  5.00  1.65  300  7.42  7.58  2.13  5.00  0.45  212  6.63  6.70  1.05  5.00  1.65  150  6.33  6.36  .40  5.00  0.78  106  5.36  5.89  1.19  5.00  0.56  75  5.40  5.30  1.85  5.00  0.58  53  5.13  5.00  2.51  5.00  0.55  33  3,67  3.58  2.59  5.00  0.44  22.93  1.50  5.00  2.86  -38  149  HASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN i l l  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIHATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  14.18  14.14  MEAS.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .26  5.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  22.60 100.00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  24.93 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  23.83 100.00  MILL WATER  .00  7.36  PBOX WATER  .00  STREAMS  .26 100.00  .00  .00  10.17 100.00  .00  .00  .00  .22 100.00  .00  .00  .00  3.94  100.00  .00  100.00  .00  7.32  7.36  .52  5.00  2.33 100.00  .00  2.25  2.33  3.48  20.00  1.10  7.34  .00  100.00  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  13.89 100.00  .00  98.63  38.13  .45  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  14.76 100.00  .00  65.70  65.32  .58  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  14.76 100.00  .00  58.10  53.22  1.32  7.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .88 100.00  .00  73.60  73.53  .01  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  13.89 100.00  .00  57.98  58.28  .51  3.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  VALUES  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  1.09  .32  71.06  10.00  4.46  5.31  13.11  10.00  15000  .88  .73  10.23  10.00  11.14  12.51  12.31  10.00  13200  1.40  1.62  15.82  10.00  18.69  17.80  4.79  10.00  9500  2.16  2.74  27.06  10.00  19.26  13.04  6.34  10.00  6700  2.47  3.16  27.75  10.00  11.19  10.87  2.83  10.00  4750  3.11  3.37  27.62  10.00  6.38  6.83  .73  10.00  3.35  4.09  22.10  10.00  3.53  i/t JiJ  .08  10.00  2360  4.28  4.36  13.47  10.00  2.34  2.35  .53  10.00  1700  4.13  4.37  5.73  10.00  1.46  1.47  .49  10.00  1180  5.00  5.23  4.54  10.00  1.34  1.35  .48  10.00  850  5.21  5.23  .33  10.00  1.19  1.20  .49  10.00  600  7.26  6.88  5.29  10.00  1.57  1.58  .72  10.00  425  6.58  6.08  7.53  10.00  1.50  1.51  .72  10.00  300  7.55  6.61  12.43  10.00  1.31  1.83  .93  10.00  212  6.07  5.42  10.69  10.00  1.59  1.60  .83  10.00  150  5.53  5.05  9.63  10.00  1.58  1.59  .82  10.00  106  4.37  4.03  7.82  10.00  1.36  1.37  .71  10.00  75  3.86  3.49  3.47  10.00  1.23  1.29  .72  10.00  53  3.54  j . ob  5.18  10.00  l.  Li  1.23  .61  10.00  38  2.71  2.46  3.32  10.00  .89  .83  .55  10.00  -38  19.39  20.26  4.48  10.00  5.72  5.85  2.29  10.00  151  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW  FRESH FEED  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV,  NOT ADJUSTE  2i5000  13.94  152000  14.12  107000  13.85  75000  7.24  53000  7.97  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  5.07  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  5.70  19000  .05  .05  .14  5.00  3.71  13200  .61  .60  1.57  5.00  3.67  9500  1.88  1.78  5.37  5.00  3.13  6700  2.88  2.67  7.36  5.00  2.09  4750  4.13  3.79  3,26  5.00  2.19  3350  4.41  4.13  6.45  5.00  2.10  2360  5.13  5.01  3.38  5.00  2.05  1700  4.60  4.55  1.10  5.00  1.64  1130  5.51  5.47  .63  5.00  1.34  850  5.46  5.48  .40  5.00  1.71  600  7.08  7.21  1.34  5.00  1.45  r -ti  6.37  2.24  5.00  1.22  300  6.70  6.31  3.13  5.00  1.07  -->( ^ iii  J.  5.66  2.77  5.00  0.48  150  5.14  5.27  2.53  5.00  0.63  106  4.11  4.20  2.09  5.00  0.47  75  3.55  3.63  2.36  5.00  0.41  53  3.44  3.49  1.49  5.00  0.41  33  2.50  2.56  2.24  5.00  0.34  -38  21.02  21.17  .71  5.00  2.01  4iJ  ol  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 112  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1fc2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  13.24  13.11  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  1.01  5.00  .00  .43 100.00  .00  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  22.03 100.00  .00  ,00  SCREEN FEED  .00  25.93 100.00  .00  .00  10.32 100,00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  3.63 100.00  .00  .00  .70 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  22.30 100.00  .00  .00  9.62 100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  5.29  100.00  .00  5.26  5.29  .65  5.00  FBQX WATER  .00  3.90  100.00  .00  3.50  3.90  11.45  20.00  SOLID FL MEAS. STREAMS  ESTIM.  RATES  6.42  iLP PERCENT SOLIDS  RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  12.68 100.00  .00  97.64  96.74  .92  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  15.61 100.00  .00  72.10  70.35  1.74  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  15.61 100.00  .00  59.80  60.19  .65  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  30.50  30.67  .21  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  12.68 100.00  .00  54.48  56.86  4.36  5.00  2.93  153  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  SCREEN FEED MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .59  .69  17.56  10.00  5.21  3.70  29.08  10.00  19000  2.25  2.24  1.04  10.00  11.53  11.65  1.08  10.00  13200  4.51  4.60  1.88  10.00  23.13  22.75  1.65  10.00  9500  4.69  4.41  5.93  10.00  13.26  13.07  4.46  10.00  6700  3.94  3.45  12.43  10.00  10.10  10.71  6.05  iO.OO  4750  4.17  3.39  18.71  10.00  5.36  6.15  4.98  10.00  3350  3.49  2.86  18.19  10.00  2.30  2.38  2.36  10.00  2350  3.63  3.19  13.24  10.00  1.32  1.84  1.24  10.00  1700  0 Od  2.96  11.33  10.00  1.08  1.03  .70  10.00  1130  3.36  3.44  13.16  10.00  1.03  1.04  . 65  10.00  350  4.03  3.73  7.51  10.00  .32  .92  • u J  iO.OO  600  5.46  5.30  2.32  10.00  1.22  1.22  .13  10.00  425  5.25  5.20  .35  10.00  1.20  1.20  .05  10.00  300  5.29  5.53  3.82  10.00  1.57  1.57  .17  10.00  212  5.53  5.70  3.04  10.00  1.46  1.46  .14  10.00  150  5.50  6.04  3.81  10.00  1.61  i.60  .53  10.00  i06  4.51  5.03  11.48  10.00  1.38  1.37  .65  10.00  75  4.03  4.48  11.07  10.00  1.23  1.23  .66  10.00  53  3.36  4.33  13.40  10.00  1.27  1.26  .82  10.00  38  2.63  2.94  3.77  10.00  .83  .37  .60  10.00  -33  18.23  19.46  6.72  10.00  6.27  6.25  .39  10.00  154  FRESH FEED  SCR U/FLOW  STREAM MEAS,  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  NOT ADJUSTED  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  O.OO  107000  11.30  75000  9.40  53000  10.80  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  5.63  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  7.89  13000  .06  .06  .01  5.00  8.23  13200  .40  .40  .00  5.00  6.71  9500  1.02  1.02  .35  5.00  6.23  6700  1.75  1.J7  1.27  5.00  4.47  4750  2.68  2.75  2.67  5.00  4.32  3350  2.74  2.33  3.13  5.00  3.22  2360  3.41  3.50  2.73  5.00  3.19  1700  3.31  3.33  2.56  5.00  2.51  1130  3.38  3.99  2.94  5.00  1.97  850  4.29  4.38  1.99  5.00  2.48  600  6.17  6.24  1.19  5.00  1.92  425  6.08  6.12  .73  5.00  1.62  300  7.70  7.68  .30  5.00  1.43  212  6.63  6.68  .18  5.00  0,60  150  7.21  7.07  2.01  5.00  0.38  106  6.03 . 5.87  2.61  5.00  0.71  75  5.35  5.21  2.53  5.00  0.60  53  5.27  5.10  3.27  5.00  0.59  38  3.50  3.42  2.30  5.00  0.48  -38  22.47  22.52  .21  5.00  2.78  155  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 113  • MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 h 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  MEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  19.20  19.05  HEAS.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .80  5.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  29.65 100.00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  32.57 100,00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  30.83 100.00  MILL WATER  .00  8.37  PBOX WATER  .00  2.92  1.74  STREAMS  .56 100.00 3.76  ,00  100.00  .00  .00  12.68 100.00  ,00  .00  .00  .33 100.00  .00  .00  .00  12.35 100.00  ,00  100.00  .00  3.73  8.87  .33  5.00  100.00  .00  2.75  2.32  6.07  20.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  18.48 100.00  .00  37.38  37.04  .96  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  19.39 100.00  .00  57.80  67.03  1,07  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  19.89 100.00  .00  60.00  61.07  1.73  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  81.00  80.98  .03  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  18.48 100.00  .00  J O . UJ  53.35  2.77  5.00  1.41  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  26500  .80  .30  13000  .52  13200  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  62.73  10.00  3.47  4.21  21.28  10.00  .65  24.31  10.00  17.39  3.12  47.53  10.00  3.15  2.53  19.60  10.00  25.02  31.40  25.49  10.00  3500  2.74  3.16  15.42  10.00  17.16  17.63  3.08  10.00  6700  3.28  3.75  14.21  10.00  8.64  8.34  2.34  10.00  4750  4.04  4.78  18.41  10.00  4.33  4.34  1.25  10.00  3350  4.37  4.69  7.29  10.00  2.37  2.40  1.09  10.00  2360  5.07  5.24  3.35  10.00  1.48  1.49  .79  10.00  1700  4.67  4.55  2.59  10.00  .31  . 32  .56  10.00  1180  5.48  4.37  11.21  10.00  .38  .89  .64  10.00  850  5.33  4.54  14.87  10.00  .73  . /O  .57  10.00  600  6.63  5.32  12.19  10.00  .37  .38  .69  10.00  425  5.53  5.26  5.96  10.00  .32  .93  .60  10.00  300  6.33  5.91  6.60  10.00  1.22  1.23  .30  10.00  212  5.12  4.99  2.51  10.00  1.18  1.19  .72  10.00  150  5.01  5.03  .37  10.00  1.38  1.39  .79  10.00  106  4.14  4.21  1.59  10.00  1.30  1.31  .72  10.00  75  3.73  3.93  5.43  10.00  1.25  1.26  .60  10.00  53  3.66  4.06  10.95  10.00  1.31  1.32  .48  10.00  38  2.64  2.90  3.99  10.00  .37  .37  .30  10.00  -38  17', 64  18.77  6.43  10.00  6.57  6.81  3.63  10.00  157  .00 100.00  .00  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW HEAS.  FRESH  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  NOT AE  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  23.00  107000  9.73  75000  10.76  53000  8.37  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4.65  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.11  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.06  13200  .33  .33  .50  5.00  3.84  9500  2.11  2.06  2.60  5.00  3.47  6700  3.47  3.24  5.00  3.37  4750  5,02  4.77  4.94  5.00  3.66  3350  4.94  4.36  1.55  5.00  3.12  2360  5.55  5.53  .44  5.00  3.30  1700  4.78  4.33  .97  5.00  2.82  1130  5.03  5.17  2.76  5.00  2.36  m  5.00  2.93  850  4.67  4.83  n  600  6.01  6.19  3.01  5.00  2.44  425  5.49  5.59  1.76  5.00  2.05  300  6.15  6.27  1.34  5.00  1.33  212  5.23  5.28  .98  5.00  0.86  150  5.29  5.31  .30  5.00  1.03  106  4.43  4.43  .07  5.00  0.34  75  4.24  4.19  1.10  5.00  0.37  53  4.39  4.27  2.73  5.00  0.35  33  3.13  3.05  2.52  5.00  0.65  -38  19.75  19.71  .22  5.00  4.00  Ui  ut  158  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 114  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  MEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  14.37  14.43  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .40  5.00  .00  .32 100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  26.22 100.00  .00  .00  10.14 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  28.60 100.00  .00  .00  12.53 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .59 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  26.04 100.00  .00  .00  11.34 100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  9.23  100.00  .00  9.13  3.23  .42  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  2.38  100.00  .00  2.50  2.38  4.66  20.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  ,00  14.10 100.00  .00  97.84  37.75  .03  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  16.03 100.00  .00  58.60  61.32  4.64  5.00  SCREEN FEED  ,00  16.08 100.00  .00  57.60  56.21  2.41  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  77.15  77.01  .13  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  14.10 100.00  .00  54.55  54.16  .71  5.00  1.97  155  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  SCREEN HEAS, VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  FEED RESID. VALUES  SCR RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  OVERSIZE  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  ,00  100.00  .00  26500  .42  .51  20.76  10.00  7.46  4.13  44.64  10.00  19000  4.04  2.00  50.42  10.00  13.40  16.31  21.72  10.00  13200  2.78  2.74  I . lid  10.00  18.27  18.76  2.68  10.00  9500  3.63  3.76  2.15  10.00  15.37  15.41  .25  10.00  6700  3.94  4.02  2.15  10.00  10.42  10.44  .22  io.oo  4750  3.94  4.47  13.40  10.00  6.20  6.07  2.04  10.00  3350  3.92  4.38  11.64  10.00  3.40  OiO/  .34  10.00  2360  4.47  4.92  10.05  10.00  2.49  2.43  .47  10.00  1700  4.27  4.46  t»00  10.00  1.66  1.66  .06  10.00  1180  4.33  4.64  4.96  10.00  1.50  1.50  .32  10.00  850  4.96  4.72  4.91  iO.OO  i.27  1.27  .27  10.00  600  6.47  6.18  4.46  10.00  1.58  1.58  .27  10.00  J • JD  5.35  3.77  10.00  1.36  1.36  .23  10.00  300  6.51  6.27  3.65  10.00  1.60  1.60  .25  10.00  212  5.15  5.01  2.72  10.00  1.37  1.37  .21  10.00  150  5.09  5.13  .87  10.00  1.49  1.49  .10  iO.OO  106  4.08  4.17  2.27  10.00  1.25  1.25  .02  io.oo  75  3.56  j . b2  4.37  10.00  1.19  1.13  .07  10.00  53  3.60  3.66  1.58  10.00  1.22  1.22  .04  io.oo  38  2.30  2.43  5.44  10.00  .83  .33  .17  10.00  -38  16.23  17.37  6.68  10.00  6,67  6.63  . IJ  10.00  425  r cr  :  '  160  STREAM  FRESH  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  NOT AI  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  3.24  107000  lu.OJ  75000  9.35  53000  11.25  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.01  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.15  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.62  13200  .50  .50  .09  5.00  5.49  9500  2.13  2.13  .10  5.00  4.54  6700  3.13  3.13  .12  5.00  3.56  4750  4.37  4.24  2.90  5.00  3.40  3350  4.64  4.52  2.64  5.00  3.11  2360  5.33  5.26  2.21  5.00  3.15  1700  4.88  4.85  .68  5.00  2.61  1130  5.00  5.08  1.53  5.00  2.03  850  • 5.12  5.20  1.53  5.00  2.71  600  6.72  6.33  1.57  5.00  2.16  425  5.83  5.31  1. JJ  5.00  1.85  300  6.33  6.93  1.40  5.00  1.55  212  5.46  5.52  1.08  5.00  0.69  150  5.63  5.64  .25  5.00  0.33  106  4.59  4.58  .18  5.00  0.78  75  4.22  4.19  .76  5.00  0.72  53  4.00  4.00  .05  5.00  0.67  38  2.68  2.65  1.17  5.00  0.56  -38  18.85  18.82  .14  5.00  3.31  161  HASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 115  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 h 2 VARIABLES PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  12.33  12.76  1.34  5.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  25.50  100.00  .00  .00  8.70  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  27.61  100.00  .00  .00  10.31  100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  5.37  100.00  .00  .00  1.42  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  21.64  100.00  .00  .00  3.33  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  6.78  100.00  .00  6.68  6.78  1.46  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  2.11  100.00  .00  2.00  2.11  5.51  20.00  STREAMS FRESH FEED  VALUES ST.DEV  SOLID FLOW RATES  STREAMS  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .50 100.00  .00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  12.26 100.00  .00  37.50  36.10  1.44  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  16.81  100.00  .00  65.10  65.89  1.22  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  16.81  100.00  .00  60.86  1.09  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  4.55  100.00  .00  50.20 IC er  76.15  .50  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  ,00  12.26 100.00  .00  54.95  56.64  3.07  5.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  26500  1.75  1.42  13000  5.61  13200  .18 100.00  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  10.00  .66  .66  .32  10.00  18.68  10.00  4.56  5.26  15.36  10.00  3.30  30.49  10.00  11.73  14.41  22.87  10.00  3.21  3.33  19.43  10.00  16.32  13.61  19.59  10.00  3500  4.35  4.85  11.42  10.00  15.52  14.36  3.58  10.00  6700  3.51  3.82  8.90  10.00  9.97  3.76  2.06  10.00  4750  3.31  3.31  2.55  10.00  6.98  7.13  2.08  10.00  3.65  3.45  5.43  10.00  3.91  4.04  3.45  10.00  2360  4.03  3.73  7.41  10.00  2,81  2.83  2.72  10.00  1700 '  3.77  3.41  3.48  10.00  1.72  1.75  1.99  10.00  1130  4.13  3.83  3.66  10.00  1.70  1.73  1.77  10.00  850  4.22  3.94  6.60  10.00  1.38  1.40  1.25  10.00  600  5.48  5.23  3.38  10.00  1.66  1.68  1.07  10.00  425  5. OB  4.98  2.04  10.00  1.60"  1.62  .94  10.00  300  6.14  5.33  2.51  10.00  1.33  2.00  1.17  10.00  212  5.21  5.23  .41  10.00  1.82  1.84  .33  10.00  150  5.33  5.35  .46  10.00  1.35  1.37  .39  10.00  106  4.27  4.57  6.92  10.00  1.73  1.73  .07  10.00  75  3.82  4.09  6.93  10.00  1.64  1.64  .02  10.00  JO  3.66  3.98  8.74  10.00  1.63  1.63  .27  10.00  38  2.45  2.75  12.33  10.00  1.13  1.18  1. u 0 10.00  -38  16,40  17.44  6.35  10.00  6.32  7.10  2.59  163  10.00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOU HEAS.  EST IN.  FRESH  RESID. RELAT.  NOT AI  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  3.85  107000  5.85  75000  10.78  53000  3.65  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.62  26500  . 00  .00 100.00  .00  8.57  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.93  13200  .21  .21  .22  5.00  6.07  9500  1.10  1.03  .43  5.00  5.02  6700  1.63  1.62  .69  5.00  4.45  4750  2.72  2.71  •Vi  5.00  4.03  • LL  3350  3.20  n nn i, i O  2360  4.06  4.12  1.50  5.00  3.68  4.03  1.97  5.00  2.36  1700  i.oo  5.00  3.72  1180  4.52  4.61  1.88  5.00  2.32  850  4.81  4.89  1.56  5.00  2.32  600  6.57  6.64  1.00  5.00  2.39  425  6.18  6.22  .70  5.00  2.01  300  7.40  7.46  .85  5.00  1.32  212  6.48  6.49  .17  5.00  0.70  150  6.60  6.61  .16  5.00  0.91  106  5.70  c r --• J.bi  1.46  5.00  0.75  75  5.07  4.99  1.43  5.00  0.66  53  4.95  4.85  1.36  5.00  0.61  33  3.44  3.34  3.02  5.00  0.50  -38  21.40  21.26  .66  5.00  3.15  164  HASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN lib  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1fc2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  HEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  13.25  12.95  0  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  •VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  0^  5.00  .00  .54 100.00  .00  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  22.36 100.00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  25.18 100.00  .00  .00  10.41 iOO.OO  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .65 ioo.oo  . 00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  22.17 100.00  .00  .00  3.75  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  7.00  100.00  .00  6.87  7.00  i.91  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  2.22  100,00  .00  2.00  2.22  10.81  20.00  3.01  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  8.13  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES' VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  12.42 100.00  .00  37.82  35.86  2.01  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  14.77 100.00  .00  65.20  64.33  1.33  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  14.77 100.00  .00  58.10  56.67  .33  4.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  78.35  73.35  .00  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  12.42 100.00  .00  54.73  56.00  2.32  3.00  2.36  ESTIMATES Of NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  26500  .66  .75  19000  3.06  13200  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  13.46  10.00  5.75  4.70  18.32  10.00  2.06  32.63  10.00  10.85  12.93  19.16  10.00  3.32  3.51  5.73  10.00  21.42  20.45  4.55  10.00  9500  3.72  3.64  2.06  10.00  17.42  17.89  2.6a  10.00  6700  2.32  3.12  6.89  10.00  10.56  10.21  3.2S  10.00  4750  3.12  3.41  9.27  10.00  6.20  6.04  •? 5 0  i Jj  10,00  3350  3.06  3.31  8.20  10.00  3.14  3.10  1.14  10,00  2360  3.30  3.92  .50  10.00  2,iO  2.10  .10  10.00  1700  3.63  3.64  1.32  10.00  1.27  1.27  .16  10.00  1130  4.53  3.87  15.61  10.00  1.10  1.11  .67  10.00  850  4.50  4.08  9.27  10.00  .38  .98  .39  10.00  600  6.01  5.34  11.20  10.00  1.33  1.34  .48  10.00  425  c ri  J. Jl  5.10  7.42  10.00  1.26  1.26  .35  10.00  300  6.44  5.16  4.39  10.00  1.70  1.71  .30  10.00  212  5.36  5.33  .62  10.00  1.53  1.53  .13  10.00  150  5.37  5.62  4.59 . 10.00  1.77  1.77  .13  10.00  106  4.33  4.92  12.03  10.00  1.46  1.45  .54  10.00  75  3.34  4.38  11.07  10.00  1.31  1.30  .50  10.00  53  4.03  4.25  5.49  10.00  1.34  1.34  .20  10.00  33  2.79  2.59  7.24  10.00  .34  .34  .40  10.00  -38  19.65  21.03  7.03  10.00  6.66  .06  10.00  166  .  6.66  .00 100.00  L  .00  FRESH  SCR U/FLOW  STREAM MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  NOT AE  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  4.39  107000  6.89  75000  9.40  53000  11.02  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.64  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3.67  19000  .00  .00 100.00  ,00  6.15  13200  .30  .30  .10  5.00  5.79  9500  .34  .94  .16  5.00  5.04  6700  1.79  1.73  .80  5.00  3.72  4750  2.36  2.91  1.70  5.00  4.44  3350  3.41  0 OC Ui J J  1.75  5.00  3.06  2360  4.26  4.26  .10  5.00  3.35  1700  4.07  4.09  .51  5.00  2.39  1180  4.25  4.39  3.25  5.00  2.33  850  4.57  4.67  2.20  5.00  2.90  600  5.94  b. 10  2.62  5.00  2.33  425  5.72  5.83  1.90  5.00  2.05  300  6.91  7.00  1.33  5.00  1.37  212  6.02  6.05  .44  5.00  0.72  150  6.40  6.35  .83  5.00  0.39  106  5.75  5.58  3.03  5.00  0.30  75  5.10  4.96  2.76  5.00  0.73  53  4,86  4.80  1.15  5.00  0.68  38  2.37  2.92  1.71  5.00  0.55  -38  23.87  23.72  .62  5.00  3.55  167  HASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 117  r  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 k 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT. .  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  11.57  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  2,09  5.00  .00  .44 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  20.45 100.00  .00  .00  6.08 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  23.01 100,00  .00  .00  8.64  100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .70 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  ,00  19.47 100.00  .00  .00  7.33 100.00  .00  HILL WATER  . .00  4.33 100.00  .00  4.66  4.33  1.47  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  100.00  .00  2.25  2.56  13.36  20.00  3.54  2.56  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  11.54  100.00  .00  98.26  36.34  1.36  3.00  MILL DISCH.  ,00  14.37  100.00  .00  71.50  70.29  1.70  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  14.37  100.00  .00  61.70  62.46  1.22  6.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  2.34  100.00  .00  79.35  80.03  .18  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  11.54  100.00  .00  57.75  53.25  2.53  3.00  168  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  . 00  26500  .63  .65  5.54  10.00  3.14  • 3.30  5.20  10.00  13000  2.73  2.62  5.76  10.00  12.52  13.28  6.05  10.00  o. J 3  7.66  10.00  18.59  17.28  7.07  10.00  13200 3500  4.83  4.63  4.22  10.00  17,36  18.10  4.27  10.00  6700  3.56  3.80  6.61  10.00  11.76  11.36  3.44  iO.OO  4750  3.34  3.43  2.30  10.00  7.15  7.10  .65  10.00  3350  3.07  2,88  6.11  10.00  3.40  3.45  1.59  10.00  2360  3.43  3.11  10.89  10.00  2.14  2.17  1.43  10.00  1700  3.46  2.91  15.95  10.00  1.22  1.23  1.20  10.00  1180  4.29  j.Ji.  17.97  10.00  1.07  1.08  .96  10.00  850  4.56  4.07  10.69  10.00  1.02  1.03  .55  10.00  600  5.94  5.31  .47  10.00  1.43  1.43  .13  10.00  425  5.68  5.83  2.57  10.00  1.45  1.45  .02  10.00  300  7.19  7.21  .31  10.00  1.90  1.90  .12  10.00  212  5.91  5.87  ,69  10.00  1.73  1.73  .17  10.00  150  5.32  5.73  .75  10.00  1.95  1.95  .19  10.00  106  4.55  4.63  3.06  10.00  1.68  1.68  .10  10.00  75  3.34  3.96  3.12  10.00  1.55  1.55  .13  10.00  53  3.74  3.32  4.76  10.00  1.46  1.46  .26  10.00  38  2.42  2.57  6.33  10.00  .95  .95  .42  10.00  -38  17.51  19.06  8.85  10.00  6.53  6.52  .17  10.00  169  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  NOT ADJUSTED  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  0.00  107000  13.42  75000  16.02  53000  12.35  37500  .00  .00  100.OO  .00  6.14  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.85  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4.35  19000 13200  •  -!•->  .22  .03  5.00  3.32  3500  1.31  1.31  .27  5.00  4.10  6700  1.95  1.34  .66  5.00  3.48  4750  2.54  2.53  .34  5.00  3.27  3350  2.71  2.74  1.17  5.00  2.77  2360  3.27  3.34  2.15  5.00  2.72  1700  3.22  3.32  3.03  5.00  2.03  1180  3.98  4.12  3.43  5.00  1.72  850  4.71  4.82  2.37  5.00  2.11  600  6.99  7.01  .34  5.00  1.67  425  6.93  6.30  .40  5.00  1.33  300  3.50  3.52  .20  5.00  1.13  212  6.86  6.83  .38  5.00  0.53  150  6.63  6.72  .39  5.00  0.67  106  5.46  5.43  .56  5.00  0.54  75  4.58  4.55  .60  5.00  0.46  53  4.57  4.52  1.02  5.00  0.43  38  3.02  2.37  1.50  5.00  0.36  -38  22.48  22.13  1.55  5.00  2.27  170  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 118  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  HEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  11.83  11.81  ESTIH, RESID. RELAT.  HEAS.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .15  5.00  .00  .28 100.00  .00  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  20.46  100.00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  24.07 100.00  .00  .00  11.03 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .36 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  22.27 100.00  .00  .00  10.73 100.00  .00  HILL WATER  ,00  6.35  100.00  .00  6.82  6.35  .42  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  3.61  100.00  .00  3.50  3.61  3.01  20.00  1.30  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  7.43  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  11.54 100.00  .00  37.37  37.66  .32  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  12.97  100.00  ,00  63.30  63.41  .17  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  12.97 100.00  .00  54.60  53.31  1.27  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  73.80  73.37  .08  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  11.54 100.00  .00  51.00  51.81  1.53  4.00  1.44  171  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED HEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  37500  .00  .00  25500  .44  . JO  13000  3.41  13200  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  20.34  10.00  10.67  4.30  55.01  10.00  2.31  17.57  10.00  22.01  /Di 36  15.21  i o . oo  3.17  3.12  1.72  10.00  24.46  '25.54  4.40  10.00  3500  2.33  2.34  20.12  10.00  11.63  12.33  10.29  10.00  5700  2,17  2.08  4.21  10.00  6.02  6.14  2.01  10.00  4750  2.54  2.20  13.50  10.00  3.33  3.46  2.40  10.00  3350  2.52  2.36  6.45  10.00  1.73  1.80  .72  10.00  2360  3.14  3.05  2.60  10.00  1.30  1.30  .27  10.00  1700  Oi i.4-  3.05  5.27  10.00  .83  .63  .25  10.00  1130  4.10  3.74  8.33  10.00  .76  .76  .27  10.00  850  4.38  4.07  7.05  10.00  .68  .68  .20  10.00  600  6.05  5.58  7.77  10.00  .32  .32  .24  10.00  425  5.87  5.46  7.02  10.00  .36  .96  .24  10.00  300  7.43  7.04  5.23  10.00  1.36  1.36  .17 bj  10.00  212  6.21  6.15  .36  10.00  1.35  1.35  .18  10.00  150  6.13  5.42  3.75  10.00  1.55  1.55  .08  10.00  106  5.04  5.42  7.47  10.00  1.40  1.40  .06  10.00  75  4.33  4.62  6.78  10.00  1.30  1.30  .07  10.00  53  4.22  4.81  14.02  iO.OO  1.28  1.28  33  2.85  3.15  10.38  10.00  .33  .83  -3B  13.81  22.02  11.18  10.00  j . 4 ii  5.45  i ~ft  10.00 •iC .31  10.00 io.oo  FRESH  SCR U/FLOW  STREAM MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT AD  215000  0.00  152000  0.00  107000  13.23  75000  16.03  53000  2.33  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.12  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  8.51  19000  .00  .00  100.00  .00  7.10  13200  00  .06  5.00  5.89  3500  1.01  1.03  1.62  5.00  5.19  6700  1.56  1.57  .73  5.00  4.09  4750  1.99  2.04  2.50  5.00  4.16  3350  2.33  2.43  1. JJ  5.00  3.49  2360  3.25  3.23  .84  5.00  3.40  1700  3.28  3.33  1.43  5.00  2.65  1130  4.02  4.11  2.22  5.00  2.10  850  4.41  4.43  1.30  5.00  2.69  600  6.03  6.16  2.16  5.00  2.13  425  5.30  6.02  2.00  5.00  1.85  300  7.61  7.74  1.76  5.00  1.67  212  6.70  6.75  .72  5.00  1.23  150  7.06  7.03  .43  5.00  0.31  106  6.01  5.32  1.54  5.00  0.67  75  5.11  5.04  1.40'  5.00  0.73  cn Jj  5.45  5.25 .  3.63  5.00  0.68  33  3.52  3.43  2.59  5.00  0.51  -38  24.38  24.07  1.27  5.00  2.53  173  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT  RUN 119  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  16.65  16.53  .73  5.00  .00  .49  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  29.13  100.00  .00  .00  11.70  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  30.14  100.00  .00  .00  12.71  100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  1.79  100.00  .00  .00  .40  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  *:8 • 35 100.00  .00  .00  12.31  100.00  . 00  HILL WATER  ,00  10.81  100,00  .00  10.68  10.31  1.24  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  1.01  100.00  .00  1.00  1.01  .84  20.00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  16.03  100.00  .00  97.93  97.02  .93  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  17.43  100.00  .00  53.70  59.32  1.92  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  17 ••• ^ 100.00 1 /. t o  .00  58.30  57.32  .82  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  . 00  1.39  100.00  .00  77.30  77.75  .06  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  16.03  100.00  .00  55.25  56.56  2.38  5.00  STREAMS  174  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  3TREAHS  SCREEN FEED  SCR OVERSIZE  HEAS • ESTIH, RESID. RELAT. VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  26500  .23  .28  13000  1.33  13200  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  20.29  10.00  6.02  3.46  42.52  10.00  1.40  29.56  10.00  14.31  17.53  17.53  10.00  2.30  1.93  13.47  10.00  13.94  21.77  3.13  10.00  3500  2.27  2.65  16.63  10.00  15.02  13.68  8.34  10.00  6700  2.68  3.17  18.44  10.00  9.12  3.66  5.09  10.00  4750  3.43  3.34  10.06  .00 100.00  . 00  10.00  5.75  5.67  1.37  10.00  cr.  10.00  - 00  3.33  .06  10.00  3350  3.98  4.00  2360  5.11  4.73  5.48  10.00  2.45  2.46  .23  10.00  1700  4.84  4.33  9.37  io.oo  1.57  1.57  .23  10.00  1130  5.70  4.35  13.22  10.00  1.44  1.44  .26  10.00  4.89  9.32  10.00  1.24  1.24  .16  10.00  5.87  10.00  1.57  1.57  .10  10.00  .75  10.00  1.43  1.43  .00  10.00  10.00 •  1.70  1.70  .02  10.00  850  . JO  600  8.63  425  5.53  6.30 c cc J. JJ  300  5.25  5.23  .53  212  4.37  5.10  2.66  10.00  1.50  1.50  .08  10.00  150  4,83  5.15  5.38  10.00  1.55  1.55  .15  10.00  106  4.19  4.37  4.35  10.00  1.32  1.32  .12  10.00  75  3.37  4.03  1.49  10.00  1.23  1.23  .05  10.00  53  4.09  4.20  2.65  10.00  1.31  1.31  .08  10.00  33  2.77  2.86  3.03  10.00  .96  .36  .09  10.00  -38  18.61  19.82  6.53  10.00  6.63  6.61  .24  10.00  175  SCR U/FLOU  STREAM MEAS.  FRESH  ESTIH, RESID. RELAT.  NOT AD  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  12.45  107000  10.33  75000  10.48  53000  8.38  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.63  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.64  13000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4.52  13200  .27  .27  .38  5.00  3.66  1.74  1.69  2.36  5.00  3.73  2.82  2.70  4.34  5.00  2.34  ••) on 5.00  3.54  3500 6700  .  4750  3.77  3.68  OUJU  4.06  4.06  .05  5.00  3.13  2360  4.90  4.38  1.65  5.00  2.33  1700  .-; : i 4 . Ju  4,63  2.22  5.00  2.47  1180  5.10  5,25  2.95  5.00  2.06  850  5.03  5.20  2.25  5.00  2.63  600  6.60  6,71  1.63  5.00  2.13  425  5.88  5.31  .45  5.00  1.81  300  6.67  6.63  .17  5.00  1.S2  212  5.44  5.42  .43  5.00  0.76  150  5.53  5.47  1.15  5.00  1.04  106  4.68  4.64  .91  5.00  0.87  75  4.28  4.27  .18  5.00  0.81  53  4.47  4.45  .46  5.00  0.30  38  3.04  3.02  .64  5.00  0.62  -38  21.14  20.38  .75  5.00  3.30  i.  » wu  176  HASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 120  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  11.82  11.53  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  1.92  5.00  .00  .43 100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  19.41 100.00  .00  .00  6.91  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  22.33 100.00  .00  .00  9.83 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  ,00  .35 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  20.65 100.00  .00  .00  9.48 100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  6.14  100.00  .00  6.07  6.14  1.13  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  2.92  100.00  .00  2.50  2.92  16.84  20.00  1.88  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  11.17 100.00  .00  97.71  96.33  1.41  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  12.50 100.00  .00  67.20  64.39  4.19  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  12.50 100.00  .00  55.80  55.36  .29  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  73.95  79.25  .33  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  11.17 100.00  .00  52.38  54.07  3.23  3.00  1.33  177  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  . 00  .00 100.00  26500  .39  .47  19000  2.36  13200  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  20.25  10.00  8.02  4.41  44.38  10.00  2.12  10.23  10.00  18.62  19.92  6.97  10.00  3.13  2.73  10.79  10.00  21.98  23.32  6.03  10.00  9500  2.46  2.20  10.75  10.00  14.07  14.81  5.23  10.00  6700  2.31  2.11  8.53  10.00  7.86  8.05  2.38  10.00  4750  2.89  2.45  15.37  10.00  4.61  4.71  2.13  10.00  3350  2.72  2.45  9.78  10.00  2.47  2.49  .72  10.00  2360 •  3.26  2.33  3.17  10.00  1.53  1.59  .28  10.00  1700  3.09  2.91  5.91  10.00  .89  .89  .10  10.00  1180  3.73  3.40  8.31  10.00  .82  .32  .13  10.00  850  3.33  3.56  9.49  10.00  .69  .69  .12  10.00  600  5.35  5.08  5.02  10.00  .95  .35  .Oi  10.00  425  5.44  5.25  n £"7 j . J/  10.00  1.02  1.02  .02  10.00  300  7.26  6.86  5.45  10.00  1.46  1.46  ,01  10.00  212  6.44  6.39  .74  10.00  1.50  1.50  .12  10.00  150  6.62  6.79  2.54  10.00  1.74  1.74  .23  10.00  106  5.53  5.82  5.21  10.00  1.59  1.53  .30  10.00  75  4.76  5.33  13.19  10.00  1.45  1.44  .56  10.00  53  4.69  5.18  10.54  10.00  1.49  1.48  .49  10.00  38  2.36  3.46  IS. 33  10.00  .91  .30  .63  10.00  20.63  nn -i.j i i . it  6.28  • -in D.ij  .32  10.00  -38  7.99  10.00  .00 100.00  .00  STREAM  FRESHI  SCR U/FLOW HEAS,  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  NOT A l iDJUSTED  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  8.67  107000  7.65  75000  7.14  53000  13.62  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.40  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  8.06  19000  .00  .00 100.00  ,00  7.11  13200  .35  .35  .25  5.00  4.56  9500  .69  .63  .72  5.00  4.22  6700  1.39  1.41  '1.24  5.00  3.64  4750  2.12  2.13  2.56  5.00  3.31  3350  2.40  2.45  2.03  5.00  2.60  2360  3.10  3.16  1.34  5.00  2.67  1700  3.10  3.15  1.53  5.00  2.22  1180  3.63  3.71  2.16  5.00  1.86  850  3.81  3.30  2.31  5.00  2.48  600  5.43  5.57  1.51  5.00  2.06  425  5.68  5.75  1.21  5.00  1.75  300  7.33  7.51  1.72  5.00  1.63  212  6.33  6.37  .64  5.00  0.66  150  7.40  7.33  .15  5.00  0.33  106  6.38  6.32  .32  5.00  0.77  75  6.06  5.36  3.35  5.00  0.72  53  5.77  5.62  2.52  5.00  0.67  33  3,35  3.76  4.76  5.00  0.52  -38  24.34  24.22  .43  5.00  3.03  175  FEED  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 121  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  12.95  12.73  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  1.70  5.00  .00  .44 100.00  . 00  HILL DISCH.  .00  21.87 100.00  .00  . 00  6.33  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  24.10 100.00  .00  .00  8.62  100.00  . 00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .77 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  20.13 100.00  .00  .00  7.35 100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  5.18  100,00  .00  5.11  5.18  1.33  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  2.23 100.00  .00  2.00  2.23  11.32  20.00  3.96  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  12.29 100.00  .00  98.23  96.53  1.73  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  15.48 100.00  .00  72.20  70.79  1.36  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  15.48 100.00  .00  62.20  64.25  3.23  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  30.70  80.59  .14  5,00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  12.29 100.00  .00  53.20  61.03  3.03  4.00  3.13  180  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED HEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  1.36  .87  35.39  10.00  3.52  4.23  20.03  10.00  13000  3.30  2.98  9.66  10.00  13.01  14.45  11.05  10.00  13200  3.32  4.21  10.10  10.00  20.71  15.42  6.22  10.00  3500  4.63  4.34  5.31  10.00  17.33  17.32  ,21  10.00  co  10.00  10.21  3.55  6.46  10.00  6700  3.65  4.22  i c  4750  3.38  4.05  19.90  10.00  5.22  5.34  6.03  10.00  3350  3.22  3.54  9.82  10.00  3.15  3.11  1.21  io.oo  2360  0. /o  3.83  4.16  10.00  2,14  2,14  .03  io.oo  1700  3.44  3.39  1.56  10.00  1.31  1.32  .44  10.00  1130  3.36  3.73  4.48  10.00  1.13  1.20  • J/  Cf  10.00  850  4.13  3.92  6.50  10.00  1.11  1.12  .63  10.00  600  5.64  5.35  5.09  10.00  1-.38  1.33  .53  10.00  *  1.34  .58  10.00  425  5.33  5.12  4.93  10.00  t  300  6.52  6.03  7.47  10.00  1.66  1.67  .30  10.00  212  5.26  4.98  5.38  10.00  11 JO  1.54  .70  10.00  150  5.25  5.13  2.30  10.00  1.64  1.65  CC  10.00  106  4.49  4.35  3.14  10.00  1.50  1.51  .58  10.00  75  4.06  3.36  4.94  10.00  1.33  1.40  .69  10.00  53  4.12  3.89  5.48  10.00  1.46  1.47  .76  10.00  38  2.62  2.60  .63  10.00  1.01  1.01  .30  10.00  -38  17.92  . 16.91  5.55  10.00  6.66  6.74  1.21  10.00  181  nr  1JJ  .  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW  FRESH  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT AC  215000  10.15  152000  4.61  107000  14.02  73000  6.04  53000  10.38  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.13  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  8.03  19000  • 00  .00  100.00  .00  4.74  13200  .25  .25  .13  5.00  4.55  9500  1.57  1.56  .34  5.00  4.23  6700  2.30  2.83  2.43  5.00  3.21  4750  3.75  3.53  4.35  5.00  3.22  2.23  5.00  2.49  3350 2360  4.33  4.34  .94  5.00  2.40  1700  3.31  3.92  , 33  5.00  2.02  1180  4.41  4.45  1.02  5.00  1.62  850  4.58  4.65  1.44  5.00  2.04  600  6.31  6.38  1.17  5.00  1.68  425  6.04  6.11  1.14  5.00  1.46  300  7.05  7.17  1.65  5.00  1.32  212  5.80  5.87  1.22  5.00  0.54  150  6.00  6.03  .56  5.00  0.71  106  5.05  5.09  .74  5.00  0.59  75  4.45  4.50  -1.10  5.00  0.53  CI  4.47  4.52  1.21  5.00  0.48  33  3.01  3.02  .18  5.00  0.39  -38  22.31  22.04  1.22  5.00  182  i  ?o  i . JU  HASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 122  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 h 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  MEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  15.11  15.03  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .55  5.00  .00  .42 100.00  ,00  MILL DISCH.  .00  26.52 100.00  .00  .00  9.73 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  2B.72 100.00  .00  .00  12.00 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .56 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  26.04 100.00  .00  .00  11.44 100.00  . 00  MILL WATER  .00  3.31  100.00  .00  3.71  3.81  1.16  5.0O  PBOX WATER  .00  2.21  100.00  .00  2.25  2.21  1.91  20.00  2.63  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  14.61 100.00  .00  98.09  37.21  MILL DISCH.  .00  16.73 100.00  ,00  59.80  63.08  5.49  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  16.73 100.00  .00  57.50  58.24  1.26  8.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  79.60  73.17  .54  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  14,61 100.00  .00  56.45  56.08  .65  3.00  2.12  183  . 30  3.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  26500  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .10 100.00  10.00  .79  .79  .39  10.00  1.78  .66  62.81  10.00  4.30  5.22  21.38  iO.OO  19000  2.59  2.04  21.30  10.00  13.09  15.73  20,14  10.00  13200  2.57  3.02  17,36  10.00  21.89  20.16  7.30  10.00  9500  3.00  3.66  22.12  10.00  16.26  15.10  7.14  10.00  6700  2.79  3.59  28.55  10.00  10.39  9.52  8.33  10.00  4750  3.45  4.24  23.00  10.00  6.03  5.90  2.11  10.00  3350  3.73  4.08  9.34  10.00  3.38  3.40  .60  10.00  23fa0  4.41  4.62  4.34  10.00  2.23  2.25  .73  10.00  1700  4.07  4.02  1.32  10.00  1.36  1.37  .73  10.00  1180  4.84  4.57  5.59  10.00  1.24  1.25  .30  10.00  850  4.88  4.54  6.93  10.00  1.07  1.08  .72  10.00  600  6.31  6.01  4.78  10.00  1.39  1.40  .82  10.00  425  5.63  5.41  3.84  10.00  1.33  1.34  .77  10.00  300  6,55  6.44  3.35  10.00  1.70  1.72  .35  10.00  212  5.46  r -pn  4.37  10.00  1.51  1.52  .30  10.00  150  5,23  5.13  1.39  10.00  1.61  1.62  .87  10.00  106  4.24  4.23  .25  10.00  1.32  1.33  .66  10.00  75  3.68  3.73  1.47  10,00  1.20  1.21  . JO  10,00  53  3.63  U .  1.99  10.00  1.25  1.26  . JO  10.00  38  2.53  2.49  1.44  10,00  .35  .35  .43  10,00  -38  18.38  18.35  .16  10.00  5.81  5.98  2.33  10.00  /  J  184  FRESH FEED  SCR U/FLOW  STREAM MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT ADJUSTED  215000  0.00  152000  0.00  107000  16.25  75000  3.22  32000  3.56  37500  .00  . 00  100.00  .00  6.04  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  7.53  iiuOO  .05  .05  .03  5.00  5.77  13200  .53  .53  .76  5.00  5.76  3500  2.07  2.00  3.26  5.00  4.95  6700  2.31  2.72  6.33  5.00  4.38  4750  4.26  4.00  6.05  5.00  3.33  3350  4.27  4.18  2.18  5.00  3.20  2360  5.02  4.37  1.02  5.00  3.19  1700  4.38  4.40  .47  5.00  2.51  1130  4.33  5.05  1.44  5.00  2.12  ' 350  4.36  5.05  1.72  5.00  2.67  600  6.59  6.58  1.33  5.00  2.16  425  5.34  6.01  1.10  5.00  1.86  300  7.05  7.12  1.03  5.00  1.64  212  5.63  5.76  1.20  5.00  0.73  150  5.6o  5.70  .65  5.00  0.92  106  4.64  4.65  .23  5.00  0.73  75  4.11  4.10  .21  5.00  0.64  53  4.13  4.12  .34  5.00  0.58  33  2.72  2.73  .43  5.00  0.47  -38  20.04  20.19  .76  5.00  3.13  185  HASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 123  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  15.38  15.36  MEAS.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  ,14  5.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  26.34 100.00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  29.03 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  26.58 100.00  HILL WATER  .00  8.97  PBOX WATER  .00  2.25  2.52  STREAMS  .31 100.00 3.75  .00  100.00  .00  .00  12.01 100.00  .00  .00  .00  .48 100.00  .00  .00  .00  11.53 100.00  .00  100.00  .00  3.31  8.97  .52  100.00  .00  2.25  L,  .  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  •-. -tC LJ  i •"(  ii.  5.00 20.00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  15.05 100.00  .00  . 38.40  97.97  .43  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  17.09 100.00  .00  62.50  63.66  1.35  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  17.09 100.00  .00  59.20  58.73  .79  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  81.10  81,02  .10  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  15.05 100.00  .00  56.45  56.62  .30  3.00  2.04  186  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  SCREEN FEED .  MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  37500  .00  .00  26500  .75  .81  13000  2.60  1.78  13200  2.46  3500  RESID. VALUES  RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  10.00  7.41  6.80  8.24  10.00  31.50  10.00  12.08  14.43  13.83  10.00  2.84  15.62  10.00  21.54  18.33  12.12  10.00  3.43  3.56  1.87  10.00  16.53  16.33  2.17  10.00  6700  3.54  3.40  4.01  10.00  3.16  3.44  3.03  10.00  4750  4.03  4.10  .15  10.00  5. /3  5.73  1.03  10.00  3350  4.03  3.37  1.43  10.00  3.27  0. 00  .78  10.00  2360  4.33  4.53  5.01  10.00  2.38  2.40  .76  10.00  1700  4.38  4.06  / . 06  10.00  1.46  1.47  .58  io.oo  1180  4.36  4.43  3.47  10.00  1.32  1.33  .55  10.00  850  4.36  4.53  8.73  10.00  1.15  1.16  .47  10.00  600  6.73  6.13  8.03  10.00  1.42  1.43  .48  10.00  5.84  5. J 5  5.05  10.00  1.32  1, 00  .39  10.00  300  6.83  6.67  2.31  10.00  1.62  1.63  .33  10.00  212  J . 31  3.57  4.30  10.00  1.43  1.43  .12  10.00  150  5.23  5.61  5.01  10.00  1.53  1.53  .10  10.00  106  4.27  4.53  7.43  10.00  1.40  1.40  ,02  10.00  75  3.71  3.33  7.33  10.00  1.26  1.26  .05  10.00  53  3.41  3.85  12.31  10.00  1.33  f 00 i i JW  .34  10.00  14.02  10.00  .35  .35  .47  10.00  6.33  10.00  5.74  .85  10.00  •10^  33  2.22  -33  16.32  0 cn 17,36  100.00  SCR OVERSIZE  187  i  no  STREAM  SCR U/FLOy. MEAS.  FRESH  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  NOT AI  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  0.00  107000  12.00  75000  11.03  53000  14.31  37500  .00  • 00 iOO.OO  .00  7.05  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.84  19000  .06  .06  .16  5.00  5.93  13200  .67  .66  .90  5.00  4.03  3500  1.75  1.75  .12  5.00  4.41  6700  2.56  2.58  . //  5.00  3.74  4750  3.36  3.37  . 15  5.00  3.65  UJJU  4.04  4.06  . 53  5.00  3.28  2360  4.32  4.83  1.34  5.00  3.16  1700  4.33  4.41  1.32  5.00  2.58  1130  4.81  4.92  2.26  5.00  2.10  850  4.88  4.98  2.13  5.00  2.65  600  6.69  6.83  2.10  5.00  2.12  425  6.03  6.12  1.45  5.00  1.75  300  7.29  7.36  .31  5.00  1.53  212  6.19  6.13  .95  5.00  0.74  150  6,23  6.15  1.25  5.00  0.92  i06  5.11  5.02  1.72  5.00  0.73  75  4.43  4.35  1.72  5.00  0.64  53  4.34  4.19  3.40  5.00  0.57  33  2.37  2.76  3.35  5.00  0.43  -38  19.05  13.92  .63  5.00  3.14  188  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN #24  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 8< 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  13.79  13.72  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  HEAS.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .54  5.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  . 00  22.78 100.00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  26.36 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  SCR U/FLOW  . 00  23.64 100.00  MILL WATER  .00  6.34  PBOX WATER  .00  3.5B  2.73  STREAMS  7.24  .00  iOO.OO  .00  .00  10.82 100.00  .00  ,00  .00  .53 100.00  .00  .00  .00  10.30 100.00  .00  100.00  .00  6.29  6.34  .73  5.00  100.00  .00  3.50  3.58  2.31  20.00  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS.  .38 100,00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  13.34 100.00  .00  o 98.04  97.26  .79  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  15.54 100.00  .00  56.90  68.21  1.96  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  15.54 100.00  .00  59.00  58.95  .09  6.00  SCR OVERSIZE  ,00  2.20 100.00  .00  30.85  30.57  *  Li.  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  13.34 100.00  .00  56.23  56.44  .37  3,00  189  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  SCREEN FEED MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE MEAS.  RELAT. ST.DEV.  •  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  26500  1.54  .30  48.22  10.00  4.62  J.bj  13000  2.34  2.68  5.70  10.00  16.57  13200  3.01  3.30  3.50  10.00  3500  3.15  3.52  11.61  6700  2.32  3.02  4750  2.35  3350  RESID. VALUES  ST.DEV,  100.00  .00  21.83  10,00  13.18  9.73  10.00  21.07  20.43  3.02  10.00  10.00  16.30  15.72  3.56  10.00  30.02  10.00  9.75  8.30  14.91  10.00  3.33  12.85  10.00  5.34  J . LJ  -ic  1.67  10.00  2.87  3.30  14.32  10.00  2.87  2.83  1.24  10.00  2360  3.67  3.30  6.26  10.00  1.38  1.33  .12  10,00  1700  3.56  3.58  .44  10.00  1.25  1.25  .36  10.00  1130  4.25  4.23  .44  10.00  1.27  1.28  .40  10.00  350  4.71  4.45  5.44  10.00  1.11  1.12  .52  10,00  600.  6.77  6.23  7.28  10.00  1.40  1.41  .64  10.00  425  6.20  5.71  7.35  10.00  1.34  1.35  .65  10.00  300  7.34  6.33  5.58  10.00  1.67  1.68  .63  10.00  212  5.73  5.55  4.13  10.00  1.46  1.47  .59  10.00  150  5.51  5.48  .60  10.00  1.54  1.55  .49  10.00  106  4.35  4.61  5.30  10.00  1.34  1.34  .15  10.00  75  3.30  3.34  .33  10.00  1.24  53  3.84  3.38  3.58  10.00  1.33  38  2.61  2.63  2.55  10.00  .38  -33  18.32  18.77  .23  10.00  5.63  130  .00  RELAT.  •r  1.24 4  nn  .-i.-i  10.00  .23  10.00  .33  .15  10.00  5.73  1.74  10.00  1•  %J<J  "FRESH  SCR U/FLOW  STREAM HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  NOT AI  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  7.51  107000  12.81  75000  10.31  53000  6.41  37500  .00  .00 100,00  .00  5.76  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.11  13000  .12  .12  .05  5.00  5.86  13200  .47  .47  .31  . 5.00  5.52  3500  1.52  1.50  1.13  5.00  4.31  6700  2.29  2.15  6.32  5.00  4.46  4750  3.10  3.01  2,34  5.00  3.73  3350  3.51  3.37  3.35  5.00  2.98  2360  4.23  4.22  1.43  5.00  3.05  1700  3.36  3.36  .04  5.00  2.47  1180  4.71  4.72  .13  5.00  1.93  850  4.34  5.00  1.31  5.00  2.45  600  6.36  7.08  1.73  5.00  2.00  425  6.31  6.43  1.85  5.00  1.73  300  7.63  7.80  1.39  5.00  1.57  212  6.16  6.22  1.05  5.00  1.34  150  6.11  6.13  .25  5.00  0.67  106  C  -V.  5.15  1.43  5.00  0.72  75  4.33  4.33  5.00  0.62  53  4.45  4.41  .81  5.00  0.50  38  2.33  2.37  .57  5.00  0.46  -38  20.80  20.83  . 43  5.00  <••.  i.1 Jj  cn  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN #25  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 k 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  18.32  18.10  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  1.20  5.00  .00  .65 iOO.OO  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  30.10 100.00  .00  .00  10.76 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  31.40 100.00  .00  .00  12.06 ioo.oo  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .45 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  29.07 100.00  .00  .00  11.61 100.00  HILL WATER  .00  3.S7  100,00  .00  9.53  9.67  1.43  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  1.30  100.00  .00  1.25.  1.30  4.09  20.00  2.34  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAHS  . 00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  17.46 100.00  .00  97.77  96.43  1.37  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  19.34 100.00  .00  65.30  64.26  1.53  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  19.34 100.00  .00  61.70  61.60  .17  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  30.75  80.36  .14  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  17.46 100.00  .00  53.70  60.05  2.30  3.00  1.39  132  f 3 MASS F RACTIONS iESTIMATES OF NETviOIK  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT,  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00 100.00  .00  .00  .65  44.66  10.00  5.40  6.63  22.83  10.00  1.33  1.58  16.48  10.00  13.65  16.17  13.46  10.00  13200  1.80  2.13  21,65  iO.OO  20.30  17.96  14.06  10,00  3500  2.43  3.07  23.48  10.00  16.35  15.75 • 7.10  10.00  6700  3.08  o. bo  17,87  10.00  9.66  3.60  .53  10.00  4750  3.34  3.74  10,00  5.57  5.65  1.45  10,00  3350  4.25  4.43  5,70  10.00  3.13  3.17  1.16  10.00  2360  5.18  5.17  .20  10.00  T • •'; "t Lti.L  2.24  1.12  10.00  1700  4.78  4.52  5.50  10.00  1.50  1.51  .32  10.00  1180  5 * J2  4.35  6.36  10.00  1.33  1.33  .87  10,00  350  5.41  5.04  6.32  10.00  1.20  1.21  .75  10.00  600  5.48  5.26  3.44  10.00  1.51  1.52  .84  10.00  425  5.54  5* oo  0* • / 0  10.00  1 • 35 1.36  .77  10,00  300  6.28  6.07  3.23  10.00  1.61  1.62  .83  10.00  212  4.34  4.86  1.65  10.00  1.38  1.33  .74  10.00  150  4.94  4.33  1.12  10.00  1.52  1.53  .80  10.00  106  4.01  4.21  4.36  10.00  1 * 00  1.34  .51  10.00  75  3.72  3.33  5.63  10.00  1.24  1.25  .44  10.00  53  3.87  3.98  2.87  10.00  1.38  1.39  .53  10.00  33  2.70  2.74  1.43  10.00  .35  .96  .43  10,00  18.17  18.08  .47  10.00  6.15  6.34  3.10  10.00  37500  .00  26500  1.17  1-3000  • -38  193  ,00 100.00  . 00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  FRESH  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  NOT  hi  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  11.32  107000  7.75  75000  6.88  53000  14.43  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.15  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.44  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.18  13200  .43  .48  1.32  5.00  3.92  9500  1.77  1.70  3.74  5.00  4.18  6700  3.11  2.98  4.03  5.00  3.66  4750  4.28  4.18  2.33  5.00  3.72  3350  4,70  4.64  1.37  5.00  2.38  2360  5.43  5.43  .11  5.00  2.93  1700  4,78  4.34  1.30  5.00  2.50  U30  5.25  5.33  1.61  5.00  2.03  350  5.37  5.46  1.59  5.00  2.56  600  6.71  6.77  .38  5.00  2.04  425  5.71  5.76  .34  5.00  1.74  300  6.50  6.56  .85  5.00  1.55  212  5.21  5.23  .46  5.00  1.09  150  5.23  5.25  .33  5.00  0.87  106  4.57  4.52  1.20  5.00  0.69  75  4.28  4,22  1.41  5.00  0.32  53  4.29  4.26  .66  5.00  0.63  33  2,34  2.93  .32  5.00  0.43  -38  13.34  19.41  .35  5.00  2.90  134  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 126.  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 k 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  12.96  12.71  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  1.52  5.00  .00  .43 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  23.47 100,00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  26.59 100.00  .00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  1.20  100.00  ,00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  2i.02 100.00  .00  .00  3.30  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  ,00  5.19  100.00  .00  5.12  5.13  1.30  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  3.13 100.00  .00  2.75  : « Ui 1 0  13.67  20.00  J . Jl  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  6.38  100.00  ,00  10.01 100,00  .00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  12.22 100.00  ,00  37,38  36.14  MILL DISCH.  ,00  16.53 100.00  .00  71.60  70.63  1.27  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  16.53 100.00  .00  bi.oO  62.38  .13  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  ,00  100.00  .00  73.20  73.42  .23  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  12.22 100.00  .00  56.75  58.13  2.43  3.00  4.37  135  3.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  ,00 100.00  .00  .00  26500  .73  .78  6.88  10.00  3.22  2.96  7.33  10.00  19000  4.17  3.41  13.20  10.00  11.44  12.35  13.23  10.00  13^00  5.76  5.23  3.10  10.00  18.01  19.23  6.80  10.00  3500  4.77  5,01  5,06  10.00  16.20  15.43  4.41  10.00  6700  3.70  4.26  15.18  10.00  12.00  10.45  12.88  10.00  4750  3.40  3.64  6.34  10.00  6.35  6.60  3.63  10.00  3350  3.06  3.03  1.60  10.00  0* J i  • > w  .51  10.00  2360  3.33  3.15  6.30  10.00  2.31  2.34  1.25  10.00  1700  2.33  2.73  4.82  10.00  1.31  1.32  .53  10.00  1180  0 07 J i W f  3.17  5.32  10.00  1.15  1.15  .54  10.00  850  3.60  3.38  6.12  10.00  1.03  1.03  .47  10.00  600  5.06  4.85  2.24  10.00  1.47  1.47  .13  10.00  425  4.31  4.30  .23  10.00  1.48  1.48  .03  10.00  300  6.32  8.31  .13  10.00  2.01  2.01  .03  10.00  212  5.47  5.54  1.32  10.00  1.83  1.83  .11  10.00  150  5.64  5.32  5.01  10.00  2.13  2.12  .48  10.00  106  4.75  5.03  5.82  10.00  1.84  1.83  .58  10.00  75  4.23  • 4.30  1.53  10.00  1.67  1.67  .15  10.00  cn JO  4.14  4.32  4.27  10.00  1.73  1.78  .47  10.00  38  2.73  2.74  1.31  10.00  1.17  1.17  -38  17.81  13.10  1.66  10.00  7.50  7.43  136  .00 100.00  . 00  10.00 .13  10.00  STREAM  FRESH FtED  SCR U/FLGH HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  NOT AIDJUSTED  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  6.30  107000  12.13  75000  7.54  53000  3.57  37500  ,00  .00 100.00  .00  5.57  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3.03  i3000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.34  13200  .31  .31  .03  5.00  5.01  3500  1.27  1.27  Li.  5.00  4.26  6700  2.08  2.05  1 cn 1. JO  5.00  4.24  4750  2.50  2.5S  .33  5.00  3.42  3350  2.84  2.85  .33  5.00  2.36  2360  3.33  3.44  1.34  5.00  3.13  1700  3.28  3.31  1.06  5.00  2.52  1180  3.84  3.33  1.32  5.00  2.01  850.  4.16  4.22  1.33  5.00  2.65  600  6.15  6.13  .62  5.00  2.12  425  5.11  6.12'  .17  5.00  1.81  300  7.33  7.35  .13  5.00  1.56  6.36  6.85  .i7  5.00  0.77  150  7.36  7.28  1.06  5.00  0.38  106 •  r  nr  6.17  1.29  5.00  0.78  5.25  5.24  .26  5.00  0.71  53  5.27  tr * •-.  <J> Li-  .30  5.00  0.65  38  3 • ^3  3.30  .43  5.00  0.45  21.39  .05  5.00  3.25  75  -38  21.38  .  137  MASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT  RUN 127  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 k 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  11.85  11.61  2.02  5.00  .00  * 0/  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  . 00  20.69  100.00  .00  .00  7.36  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  22.81  100.00  .00  .00  3.98  100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  . 00  2.10  100.00  .00  .00  .51  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  . 00  20.71  100.00  ,00  .00  3.47  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  . 00  6.37  100.00  .00  6.33  6.37  2.05  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  2.13  100.00  .00  2.00  i*  lo'  6.40  20.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM. . RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  11.24  iOO.OO  .00  98.64  36.77  1.83  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  12.33  100.00  .00  60.70  62.02  2.18  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  12.83  100.00  .00  54.90  56.24  2.44  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  . 00  1.59  100.00  .00  76.05  75.73  .42  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  11.24  100.00  .00  cn i « JO. l o  54.26  2.12  5.00  STREAMS  138  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  SCREEN MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  OF  NETWORK  3  MASS  FEED RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  OVERSIZE  ESTIM. VALUES  RELAT.  RESID.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  37500  . 00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .35  .31  11.73  10.00  2.25  2.49  10.46  10.00  19000  3.17  1.73  45.42  10.00  10.61  13.43  24.23  10.00  13200  2.01  2.24  11.43  10.00  17.27  16.55  4.15  10.00  3500  2.47  2.31  17.37  10.00  16.72  15.50  7.32  10.00  3.11  20.35  10.00  12.31  11.48  6.73  10.00  6700 4750  2.32  3.46  22.63  10.00  3.06  7.72  4.28  10,00  3350  2.32  3.57  22.17  10.00  .\ n c 4. JJ  4.26  2.08  10.00  2360  3.82  4.42  15.73  10.00  3.15  J. 1 J  .14  10.00  1700  3.37  4.14  4.28  10.00  1.B7  1.83  .62  10.00  1180  4.73  4.73  .17  10.00  1.66  1.67  .78  10,00  5.26  5.11  2.76  10.00  1.41  1.42  .75  10.00  600  7.03  5.77  4.50  10.00  1.70  1.72  .33  10.00  425  6.34  6.04  4.71  10.00  1.55  .86  10.00  300  7.31  6.33  4.46  10.00  1.84  1.36  1.00  10.00  212  5,76  5.53  2.33  10.00  1.53  1.60  .84  10.00  150  5.62  5.56  1.15  10.00  1.63  1.70  .33  10.00  106  4.35  4.53  4.06  10.00  1.47  1.48  .51  10.00  75  3.34  3.36  .52  10.00  1.37  1.33  .62  10.00  53  3.87  4.00  3.42  10.00  1.40  1.41  .50  10.00  33  2.63  2.71  1.14  10.00  .38  .38  .40  10.00  -38  13.02  18.20  4.23  10.00  6.56  6.77  o'.Zn  10.00  133  •  1.54  1  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW  FRESH  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  HOT  AL  215000  6.42  152000  3.23  107000  18.64  75000  10.83  53000  8.16  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  4.15  26500  . 00  . 00 100.00  .00  6.46  13000  .07  .07  .22  5.00  4.62  13200  .21  .21  .25  5.00  4.58  3500  1.15  1.13  1.73  5.00  3.63  6700  1.33  1.32  3.47  5.00  2.71  4750  3.01  2.35  5.17  5.00  3.07  3350  3.63  3.47  5.38  5.00  2.35  2360  4.80  4.60  4.13  5.00  2.16  1700  4,50  4.46  .88  5.00  1.81  1130  5.21  5.22  .25  5.00  1.39  850  5.53  5.64  .87  5.00  1.64  600  7.33  7.43  1 . ifij  5.00  1.38  425  6.53  6.63  1.34  5.00  1.22  300  7.61  7.71  i i  00  5.00  1.12  212  6.10  6.16  .33  5.00  0.52  150  6.07  6.10  .52  5.00  0.64  106  5.00  4.36  .32  5.00  0.54  75  4.21  4.21-  .05  5.00  0.48  53  4.40  4.37  .67  5.00  0.46  38  2.36  2.36  .16  5.00  0.36  13.45  13.73  1.75  5.00  2.31  "00  200  HASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN 123  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS i & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  12.06  11.90  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  1.32  5.00  .00  .33 100.00  . 00  MILL DISCH.  .00  20.05 100.00  .00  .00  6.48  100.00  . 00  SCREEN FEED  .00  22.55 100,00  .00  .00  8.98  100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .57 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  19.98 100.00  .00  .00  8.41  100.00  ,00  HILL WATER  .00  5.53  100.00  .00  5.58  .99  PBOX WATER  . 00  2.50  100.00  .00  2.50  10.93  2.56  I, L-j  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  5. OO 20.00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  11.57 100.00  .00  98.42  97.23  1.21  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  13.57 100.00  .00  69.30  67.66  2.37  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  13.57 100.00  .00  60.10  60.17  .12  6.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  . 00  77.55  77.79  .31  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  11.57 100.00  .00  56.63  57.91  2.26-  3.00  1.93  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  . 00  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV,  .00 100.00  .00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  26500  1.62  .50  68.90  10.00  2.88  J. to  18.38  10.00  13000  1.28  1.23  1.05  10.00  8.30  3.45  1.81  10.00  13200  2.30  2.53  7.64  10.00  14.35  16.60  11.06  10.00  0 -in  3500  2.83 . J.00  15.57  10.00  17.04  15.71  7.78  10.00  6700  2.88  3.32  15.38  10.00  12.26  11.53  5.48  10.00  4750  2.38  3.50  21.41  10.00  3.65  8.03  6.52  10.00  3350  2.31  3.30  13.55  10.00  5.06  4.97  1.75  10.00  2360  3.64  3.74  2.73  10.00  3.43  3.46  .77  10.00  1700  3.53  3.46  2.12  10.00  1.35  1.97  .33  10,00  1180  4.13  3.85  3.14  iO.OO  1.70  1.72  1.06  10,00  850  4.67  4.30  7.33  10.00  1.52  1.53  .83  10.00  600  6.63  6.11  3.72  10.00  1.36  1.38  1.04  10.00  425  6.41  5.86  8.57  10.00  1.84  1.36  • .38  10.00  .35  10.00  300  7,53  7.21  4.31  10.00  2.24  n ->r £ i t'J  212  6.01  5.35  .32  10.00  1.32  1.93  .63  10.00  150  5.37  5.03  1.36  10.00  2.04  2.05  .53  10.00  106  4.32  5.01  1.35  10.00  1.73  1.80  10.00 10.00  75  4.02  4.24 . 5.33  10.00  1.53  1.53  .51 •-i-i  cn  JO  4.02  4.10  2.07  10.00  1.54  1.55  .40  10.00  38  2.66  2.71  1.73  10.00  1.01  1.01  .24  10.00  -38  18.50  13.56  5.71  10.00  6.37  6.43  1.87  10.00  202  FRESH  SCR U/FLOW  STREAM MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  NOT Ai  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  5.59  107000  17.23  75000  13.63  53000  9.03  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.37  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.86  13000  .06  .06  .01  5.00  4.33  13200  .17  .17  .10  5.00  j. Jd  3500  1.21  1.13  1.36  5.00  4.10  6700  1.34  1.90  2.15  5.00  3.82  4750  2.33  2.7i  4.40  5.00  3.46  3350  3.11  2.39  5.00  2.73  2360  3.31  3.73  .50  5.00  2.78  1700  3.59  3.71  .59  5.00  2.18  1180  4.14  4.22  1.84  5.00  1.75  350  4.69  4.78  1.34  5.00  2.IB  600  6.63  6.82  2.07  5.00  1.71  425  6.42  £.55  2.03  5.00  1.46  300  7.96  3.06  1.22  5.00  . -itr  212  5.52  6.DJ  .42  5.00  0.57  150  6.30  6.73  .26  5.00  0.73  106  5.58  5.56  .27  5.00  0.58  75  4.76  4.70  1.21  5.00  0.51  53  4.56  4.54  .36  5.00  0.47  33  3.01  3.00  .34  5.00  0. 33  -38  21.36  21.79  .76  5.00  2.55  203  i . ij  HASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN *2S  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 V. 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  15.24  15.48  HEAS.  ESTIH, RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  1.57  5.00  .00  .16 100,00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  32.78 100.00  .00  .00  11.43 100,00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  35.70 100.00  .00  .00  14.35 100.00  . 00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  . 00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  28.03 100.00  .00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  3.70  100.00  .00  3.73  3.70  PBOX WATER  .00  2.31  100.00  .00  3.50  2.31  7.81  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAHS  1.57  100.00  .00  12.77 100.00  .00 5.00  16.80  20.00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST,DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  15.32 100.00  .00'  38.13  98.34  .77  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  21.35 100.00  .00  53.30  BO.it  10.76  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  21.35 100.00  .00  62.70  53.81  4.61  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  6.04  100.00  .00  30.10  73.35  .34  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  lj.Oi  100.00  .00  55.38  54.52  204  3.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCR OVERSIZE  SCREEN FEED HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  26500  .94  1.04  19000  4.70  13200  .00 100.00  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  'ALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  10.99  10.00  4.31  3.63  14.37  10.00  4.22  10.25  10.00  13.80  14.32  3.13  10.00  S.48  8.56  .39  10.00  28.83  28.36  1.63  10.00  9500  3.24  3.11  1 .50  10.00  13,36  13.47  .56  10.00  6700  6.57  6.56  1.31  10.00  3.33  3.85  .83  10.00  4750  5.75  5.78  .45  10.00  4.44  4.43  * LL  10.00  3350  4.59  4.65  1.26  10.00  2.10  2.10  % LL  10.00  2360  4.53  4.49  .93  10.00  1.23  1.28  .04  10.00  1700  3.42  3.29  3.85  10.00  .74  .74  •V-j  10.00  n  3. ib  4.67  10.00  .67  .67  t  .25  10.00  850  3.06  3.04  .53  10.00  .56  .56  .02  10.00  600  3.32  3.74  2.20  10.00  .70  .70  .10  10.00  425  3.57  3.53  1.10  10.00  .72  .72  .04  10.00  300  4.60  4.56  .80  10.00  1.04  1.04  .02  10,00  212  4.16  4.19  .75  10.00  1.05  1.05  .08  10.00  150  4.35  4.45  2.35  10.00  1.27  1.27  . 23  10.00  106  3.80  3.79  •-*-* LI  10.00  1.15  1.15  .01  10.00  75  3.31  •} •;h  2.42  10.00  1.08  1.08  .13  10.00  JO  3.35  3.25  2.33  10.00  1.12  1.12  .25  10.00  33  1.54  1.94  26.20  10.00  .75  .73  3.63  10.00  -38  13.50  14.33  3.07  iO.OO  5.09  5.07  .46  10.00  1130  ,  205  LL  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  FRESH  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  NOT AI  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  152000  16.60  107000  S.30  75000  3.07  53000  8.40  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.48  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.43  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.15  13200  . to  .75  .01  5.00  5.03  3500  3.62  . 3.63  .23  5.00  4.52  6700  5.40  5.40  .03  5.00  3.78  4750  6.30  6.31  .10  5.00  2.32  5.66  J. bj  .11  5.00  2.64  T -J.-i  2360  5.75  .38  5.00  2.63  1700  J. /o 4.25  4.23  .98  5.00  2.14  1130  4\ 10  4.15  1.16  5.00  1.71  850  4.01  4.02  .26  5.00  2.4i  600  4.30  4.33  .65  5.00  1.71  425  4.62  4.64  .33  5.00  1.51  300  5.33  5.35  .36  5.00  1.35  212  5.43  5.43  .02  5.00  0,63  150  5.73  5.71  .33  5.00  0.75  106  4.82  4.83  .20  5.00  0,63  75  4.05  4.03  .65  5.00.  0.55  un  4.06  4.03  .76  5.00  0.51  33  2.63  2.42  7.35  5.00  0.41  -38  18.02  i7.53  .13  5.00  2.53  206  HASS BALANCE OF LORNEX C-CIRCUIT RUN »30  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  15.33  15.48  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  1.00  5.00  .00  .24 100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  33.35 100.00  .00  .00  11.81 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  36.84 100.00  .00  . 00  14.80 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  28.23 100.00  .00  .00  12.38 100.00  , 00  HILL WATER  . 00  3.76  100.00  .00  3.74  3.76  .13  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  2.99 100.00  .00  3.50  2.33  14.68  20.00  3.61  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  1.31  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  15.25  iOO.OO  .00  98.20  38.46  .27  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  22.04  100.00  .00  53.20  65.11  1.33  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  22.04  100.00  .00  63.60  53.84  5.32  5.00  3CR OVERSIZE  .00  6.30  100.00  .00  73.60 . 78.33  .84  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  15.25  100.00  .00  54.45  .81  3.00  54.01  hSTIHATES Of NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED HEAS, VALUES  37500  , 00  26500  nm T n  ESTIH. VALUES  VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  1.52  1 -in  13.36  10.00  3.48  3.36  14.24  10.00  13000  3.63  3.32  6.27  10.00  13.36  12.72  4.30  10.00  13200  7.64  8.12  6.24  10.00  25.64  25.07  2.22  10.00  3500  3.55  8. /b  2.51  10.00  20.51  20.32  1 . -JJ  10.00  6700  6.83  6.72  1.61  io.oo  10.69  10.96  2.54  10.00  4750  3,31  o. 53  3.74  10.00  4.99  5.08  1.81  10.00  3350  4.79  4.51  5.76  10.00  2.58  2.62  1.33  10.00  2360  4.37  4.43  3.03  10.00  1.63  1.70  1.14  10.00  1700  3.61  u«  U J  7.81  10.00  .99  1.00  .82  10.00  1130  3.54  3.03  14.41  10.00  .85  .37  1.22  10.00  350  o i o3  2.32  13.47  10.00  .74  .75  1.03  10.00  600  4.21  3.73  10.24  10.00  .39  .30  .31  10.00  425  3.30  3.58  5.77  10.00  .89  .30  .56  10.00  300  4.38  4.62  5.33  10.00  1.26  1.27  .63  10.00  212  4.25  4.14  2.58  10.00  1.19  1.19  .42  10.00  150  4.60  4.56  .84  10.00  1.45  1.45  .32  10.00  106  n in. u. / j  3.87  3.72  10.00  1.14  1.14  .16  10.00  75  3.07  n "r u. i. J  5.77  10.00  1.05  1.05  .43  10.00  53  2.99  i i , 37  12.73  10.00  1.06  1.05  1.22  10.00  38  1.47  1.30  22.15  10.00  .59  .57  2.64  10.00  -33  12.76  14.41  i2.34  10.00  4.95  4.31.  .73  10.00  rn  STREAM  FRESH  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  HOT At  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV. 215000  0.00  ISiOOO  4.15  107000  7.23  75000  8.70  53000  7.58  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.58  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3.28  13000  .00  . 00 100.00  . 00  6.67  13200  .56  .56  .05  5.00  7.35  3500  6,35  3.33  .03  5.00  6.20  6700  4.81  4.83  .40  5.00  4.38  4750  5.77  5.32  .33  5.00  4.53  3350  5.25  j i ob  5.00  3.63  5.00  3.63  1  97  1•  <JU  2360  5.61  5.71  1700  4.25  4.37  1.73  5.00  2.78  1130  3.33  3.39  2.30  5.00  2.15  850  3.73  3.30  2.78  5.00  2.53  600  4.35  5.06  2.30  5.00  2.05  425  4.71  4.78  1.44  5.00  1.79  300  6.03  6.11  1.40  5.00  1.62  212  5.41  5.45  ,80  5.00  O.bO  150  5.32  5.35  .44  5.00  0.93  106  5.12  5.03  ,66  5.00  0.73  75  4.23  4.23 "• 1.20  5.00  0.69  53  4,55  4.41  3.15  5.00  0.64  33  2.50  2.34  6.40  5.00  0.53  . -38  13.16  13.58  2.53  5.00  3.30  1.35  203  APPENDIX I I I .  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT:  FULL-SCALE SIZE DISTRIBUTION PLOTS  210  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #1  1 H — i i i m i l l — i i i m m — i i i m i l l — i t t m i i i — i i i mm 10  10  8  10  5  PARTICLE  SIZE  10  4  (microns)  10  5  10 *  10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #2 -e—e—e  7* ^SCREEN  L N )EF FLOW  A'  FRES H FEED  10  -  10  10  1 0 PARTICLE 3  1 0 (microns) 4  SIZE  10  10  10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #3 ii  —e-  E  [6  0—1  1  1  ! A  V  JV  i  •  o z in  1!  DERFU  A  >*  CO  <  , ¥  e  ar  Q_  S ^  !E  s  c  FRES H F EE )  10 i  —:  — • ..... —  —  ^  —  —  —  —  -  -  - —  —  -  —  .... -  ...  =5 O V  10  10  1 0 PARTICLE 3  1 0 (microns) 4  SIZE  10  10  10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #4 I  I  j  i  ^—e—e  -6  r-e  I  0 1  r—<  ~,*r  !  I I  1  u  1*  i  s-  " 1  A  1  ~TT"f  V'  o z  1  i  &/  GO CO  <  XSCR EEN I N  -  FJlliw  , /'  0  ^ <  A'  r  i  sK?  1 j  I  y  i  FRES H F EE  K  i  10 [  V  3  2  —  ...  - ,J_  ^  i  — — —  — —  r-  !  #L  Y  3 O  - - , T  —  _.  .....  -  - .... —  —  4  ...  ...  i i l  10  1  10  i  i (  1  i  1 0 PARTICLE 3  1 0 (microns) 4  SIZE  10  1  1 1 ..fj j i i 1i I 1I 1t  5  1 01  10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #5 •&—iO| ,Q | - &  30  2 ? :  AT  o z  "SCREEN UHUI^FLOW  CO CO < Q_  0  -4  1  a  A" FRESH  5^10 3  fEJEb  Jf.  3 O  ! j  i  •ri'  10  10  1 0 PARTICLE 3  SIZE  1 0 * (microns)  10  10  10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #6 l€> -fj^jjb  4a-'  o z  -Mr  7&  SCREEN UNDi:?FL0W  0  CO CO  <  FRJESH F£ED  CL  i—•  10 4'  UJ  >  3 O  —  —  r  ! _  10  L  10  1 0 PARTICLE 3  1 0 (microns) 4  SIZE  10  1 0  6  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #7  o z CO  <  CO  Q_  LU >  O  10  10  1 0 PARTICLE 3  SIZE  1 0 * (microns)  10  10  10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #8 Oi-Q-  i  Ti-r  o  4 A"  SCREEN :  CO CO  A  Q_ rO I— 00 1  LU >  §  K  3 O  J  jj  TTT ! !\  i - ?• t.  FRJESH F E ^ D  _LL. i  +  4-4m  I  4~  1  1  i  XA--W rrr i  t -  -U  M  IT!  s 1  i !  10  5  I  1!  -4  r  1  7^"  A'  10  Jr  >frf  'j--  -0 ;0 c>  >4  7*  <  !  i  -IOT-|&  "TT I  41  10  i 1  T T  tt  i i t  n—l—r 1 0 PARTICLE 3  1 0 (microns) 4  SIZE  10  f4+  10  613  CUMULATIVE  4  S  PASSING  o  r — H "  _J_i  o  70  M OL.  x^-L 3L,  o•  N  M  10  T  o .JTL  *0 >  -rv-  o rm — orsi m oo  — j —  -5trr I !  u  5 JSL  ~m  a  :::  3  qo4= O  -*>-—  r  f-4  \  *  \ •<sr  •T..J.„.  o•  t—r-H-t  r — r i :  i  — . H  ;  4_...  CD  10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #10 TT  ..-ort 0 =  TT  TT  I  i  S  44+  A'  i l! T i T Tj  CftEEJNl U t i l i t k F L O W i 1  C  :  ! iI  ! j Ij FRJESH F t ^ D i  Trnr Titiitji•  i i i r~  IT  tm  i  i i i i iL i  tlt:  Tt  44H-  i  t  I (I i  !  I  iI  4  I! i  1 1  i Liiiii 10  1 0 PARTICLE  i i i i l i i l1—  3  1 0 (microns) 4  SIZE  jL  !  I'll th  I  "1  i  1j I i • 11 n .4X1.  1  r-rrti  _ 4  ! i UiJ iI  fit  •Mi l Ih • 1  i !  ! !  I Mi,i,li  -Uit'  ,1 l  H~tt+ HfMil 4 . . j .4.4. m i  T T 7  7!  - T T  T  MT Ti  1L  IX.  4-  — h r r r T t n  II  10  II M hi  I  I 10  ) )  tt  i!  !I  10  -t-t-r TT 10  CUMULATIVE  *  PASSING o  o 1  ! I  i  1—A  !  !  .•  o-. —  !  \ — j - — -TS-'-f  M i— - --  ,  >,  1  J  r  \  ~v—  !  r  _SL__ --3T v.  —[. .  r  — -I<*> \ "0 > 70  to  z  o c  cD or «>  > o  . .., — i — i  o o  "'  \  m  it*  i  -..  i  CO M m  ... E  T_  -L- t... ()  .k.  - , 1- • ,  H  > — ,  q o o *  D W  ! i  ..^  -?  -—  <i  ' \  "o  ....  *-  -j..-.*  -  \  !  ^* _  'L  o *  T  _  o o Jo ~--ik  • [•  ^  1  ,. ,.„, i ..........  m M  a oo —i  o o CO ()  " "*'•,  1 •  r  \  i  i 4 1  c/)  ?  . .... •T|.\._.  1  o z m x o o  o CO XI  c  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #12 10  PTT  KM  ! it  (  ITT  TT T-rrr  j  j  it  z to to <  i  J4 I f I Ml! -I i l l ! S !  J _ L  !  -4-4-  10  - - i t - r  ZS  . i I...  ZD  O  —  !  r n  !  ! i II . 'UK I'M!  U444+10  4  !Tt  (  lj—  i  .-4-J-J4-  I t  T T  ...L..U  I i  I  M  SIZE  [ill hti  4-Ui-  4  (microns)  II  1 1,. 1  4-4-+-  Mi!  1 0  ±J4i  i ! i !  ! I !  s  PARTICLE  t  -f-i-  •••Hi-t-  M  II  L  tHf  _.._...J_  Ml! iii!  ilh  1 0  i  •Hi-'-  f Hi i i ' r  I ! i I i ! i I! ! !  1 1—i~  t  __ J-._i_IJ.4-I  !  < j !jI i i  i ! i! 1 I I I i il 1 i  -i-  M l !  •4-f-l-M  "  u  I  S  -i—I-  —  Hf I i  I !1 i  #1  i  >1 1 i f L  10  11  7f  !i 444* i i  i I  1  II Mi! •1 lit Mi  FRjESH F£EDI | ! -Hi-  T T 4-4  ID  I !  i !  T T T  ! I I  i 1  I i  ill  i q i  pr * i i  ii  ! I ;i i ! n TTtrr  nil  T T T T  CL  ro  Hi !  rrr  O  uJ >  i  !I  n r m  ro  I  i  1 !  !  S !  Mil ' i -t-H-H 1 1  1 i illiii 10  II! !|l j5 *  !  h 4 4 4 4 5  ! 10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #13 10  -4—t!  i  T I  I  TT '4  I ! h • 4-4-4-4  t—  f  i i  i n n 444-  iO;f..i'  rfce-  2 CO CO  0I  <  Q_ 1  LU  7*4i -TU! r'.'-lX.J  II  -rrr  1  1TI -til  — f  o  ro  4$1 I  4444I ! il nil  >1  i i l i i  44  Ui-  fK  i  4  s  o  j  K  '  FR!ESH  j-.U 14  FEED;I' j ! LL tu.ll..4-Uu' tilt ••tT|-rTi ! tin  i  4-f-  I  i i  < i  r|ir  ;  t t m  L !  1  ii I  i [}  I HIi ! I ,  •hM . ! —L..  I i  -4—t-  . ..rri I i ! M l !! Ill  TT  i .i  4 --!  urn M  h  ! J  441  tttt  -rTi'i-tT  r+-!T+~  — - f - 4 - r - f-H-+-f-  If  > i Hf  -4-14- T P 4r I Mill  1  !  ._L-  -4-x  -i-H-f)t  i ri  !! i Ml  i—> 10  i Ii i 10  i — I  rtt| i tr i 1 0  i — 1  PARTICLE  i iin i | 1 0  3  SIZE  !  i  i ! !  i i i ; !  I I 1111 < i I ! I jj I T  <  -f—! —I—t~r  i ) i  rtr  Hi  I T T t T  ill i 4 Mi  i  -T-)~^-t — i It  rmtu i  I  !—tj M i  •! ; i I { .4.-4--UI.4- 4-  Z>  !  ! i  -I  i  ZD  TTirr ! h i  ;  M l ! if  t i -4  j ,' ! , i I  I I  I i ! j  ! 1t r •ii  j  4-U  !  1 0  §  JSCREEJN! ljtf$E|*FLOw! J  4  ( m i c r o n s )  1—r—r 10  10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #14 10  ^^-pH-^.  —i  j  . ! \J l  _  o z  «•  CO CO  .  \ _ _ \ L L ; : i j 1. . I J J LI H i ! ! M i II!  ! 1 j  i m I in  i nm 1  ,m ! i u  Ld  >  ^  m  10 _1_X1 1 1  I  4i I  3  JL...  !  ....4..  r  i  !  M ! i 1i 1 1M ! 1  ! 1  S i J*i I I i i i j H i l l  i n i f i  i M i l M M | | ! i  U H ! •! i  1  ! J t •'  i  M  !  i  10  +4  10  ) i_ i I ' M ! i j I i ! ! |  r  1 1 I  i  1 1 III  M M i ! >! i M • M  1  inil  i if I I 1  1—r  +T  I I  ! -r-  1"  _.,..4......4-  Tft-i-  V  !4H  j i ; M M 'I i  1  t  f - _..  M II - t - - - 4 — - M - t~!'TLI..J.. i  if  -111  1  1  !  i T TirTtMT ii  •iI •  TTT i i i ! i !l  !|  i ! I I  4 4 4 4 Ii It  444+i 1 0  3  PARTICLE  .4--  SIZE  H - f 4  (microns)  i  1 M l i | 10  :  -rMiii  Mii frh T  1 0  1  j II  rsM  -t-  : 11  l  i i iir 1  h hii  M  !  I • 1  h i in i l  i i  j ! h  I !  I! !  —  \ \ j iiii 1 M !i ! ' 1i h ! M i ! 1 1 i 'i M  t r r r t r  -i-4-LiU-  1 r  i ;rr.M  -rttti — r ^ w — i  ! '1  F^ESH  M  j ii  1 1  ! Mi!)  —  i *r l!' l Mi l ii l! l  3t M  > *i*T M * !; .1.  i  i t ! Ijlli .J y  1 ! i i f j!j  V: M l  i <  * .ft--  r  11 ii i  !  •T-  3 O  i  u r n ii mi  Hi! iii! Mil  CL & 4-  1  | I M j H i X1SC^E_JNJL)^EJ?FL0W| 1 i1 ; i f1—— s—1— ! i— UL.- \fx'r iJ ti i l 1,1Ij !f . ?M! . i! \  <  i i !  , !  i ( ! (> i  —  10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #15 ~g-  10 -t—1—H  .. j  i  >  *  r• .  1 i ! 1! i  p i  -  4'  M M ! ; •rr-H-i-f  m  10  1 hi  1  1  M i l '  .-...4..  ..-..«_...„.—,.. j . .  ^-rf'rirf-( j j[ iii  ZD  i  r r  ..V-}-j"  .,  Ii  i !;  t Tl'  •H~h  1  i •fi-h  i ;i  4...L...L.i.  H-if  ••t-.-tr  ! i  —  „i..i.i..i j  ;""T'i "  M i ;  r> IN! I  4-  Ii \  ! M « ;: . . . . _  I ! i  I  i  ...|..l..i.|4lU-:  ZD O  FRESH FEED: i  4--lM-  -  rM  t I<  i j i !i i s i  I ! (A  !  r  j I Mil  -+—r.r r  Q_ K  J§~-#—$  1 ' III  jar?4Ui  <  ;Q-,; g  i(  I !  1~  !SCfiEENil)HDikFLOWi  CO CO  >  p  !  i  o  LU  ;-0t i B r - O — 6 — O ;  per  Nil [in  M I'  ' ! ji  -1-  ! 1  Hit  ! ! ':  | : i;  • i ; 1;  'Iijl •l -  I 10  • i  i 1 0  2  1 1 1 1  i 1 0  1 0  3  PARTICLE  SIZE  4-  1 I 1n i | 4  (microns)  i  ' 1 M i!5 ii I: i 1i n l |  10  j  i—1  '.  i M  M i  i i i iiij 10  6  1 0  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #16 5 -mor —&-  •i-rrr  i-r  IIP?f i t  i i  4.  CO CO  9  <  4—  K U J >  1 0  -  — r .LM- 4 ~ H 4 J i ~ ! i  Li \  !  T  i Iil i ;: H 4-44-U  II  j  rrt~" i f| MM 1 III  ' M M I M U<M f i 4 - H h - - - - r  4 „ j  i  rr i  l  !  i i i Ml I { i {( i M M ?  Q.  i  444-  it  1—!—111 !Tn  -—1—t-  o z  N3 M  j  4-144  1—r  -m  i_L  i !< i -+-H-H H M1  11 n'  4-r  -a———-  4  ! I (iiii i M i l i  i 15 5'.:  i M! i ! l M i ! j ;i l I 4-4ii-|j-—j._ i > 4.J44.|4^„„..,..X._..J„. j.-X44>f~ t — h - H ' - p H ^ i ' ' f -f f" < ! 1 -i ' iM i i i — \ ii .M ~ 4 - 4 4-MUl .. i i 4-- ~ r- -• -i 4~+ 4-t r t r - T T r m t TT ' I i 1 J44|-Ll~ ' i 4-j 4 M : M I M j L is > i H I —i"H"4Mi— I ! I i l L U i m r i I I I ! t -4~ - 4 ! 4--[.44-i T " i f j i I i ; i •Hi— i M r• I ' I ! l! ! 1 J • : M i t • ) i ! i .M !I ! s i_.-H.-i r H - t h M - M M -A Iff— s MM 1 ii: i •I i < Ii M n I!! iii! ! 1i M ! i i l l i i i 14' -s—I—r-r+4 — I — - 4 — J — f - f 4-j 714 _ i i 1 1 Mil ! I M M ii i ii i I' i ill!! i ! s i j| III! ! i ! i  3 O  14  fir  [  T i liiij "M'M T ' i M " ' !  j.  1 0  1 0 * PARTICLE  1 SIZE  0  *  ...  (microns)  M , i — i 1 0  \\\\\ M  M  !  ;4rri I M l ! H ' I I ! Iiii! - r r r n  tttn iMfi ' i i i i  \  !  I i,ni,i—i i iM  i  1  4'.  !  i i .mii|—i i . m m — i 1 0  1  :  r  j  ^ J  I  i  \ K M ! i i Ml !  FRSESH Ft_iDi ! I  1  J..  ;..  I it - i ! -t |  I —J—  _ .L.  TiP  11111 tfH M Mi !i I I l !! • 444-i i i ' i I i! ' M!| i IM !  i i iii 1 0  L O R N E X  10  C  C I R C U I T  A D J .  T-r  •i 1T T  LM j—i~  I i !; i ! IIt ' Ij i i  j.  e> CO CO  11 II  <  i i j i ii iii ill!  Q_ to ho  K  UJ >  10 - : L  3  i  -•HrF m  :  10  i  i  10  i  • 4-4 4 !  L  4  M  .  1  . * i'. H-f-»4—  ; -4 S  i  !I  -rr! ii  t-f-riitjer * 4  -  4--.  ... i—  i  V  !4.TflL ! j j T|i  i j Ii i)i -X.-i-., ' i 'I t !  1M i i ' I f--i-4f4;-~ I i  J i . I i [ f ! i. " T r - - j — r4'TT -~! {—T~ T T T 1" t 1  11  Li,  —-*  i j ! ? ii t+hHfi ; i i ', i I ! I ! i! '! I: 11. it! •rHi ! M U -i-  •r-vr-r  1  -4  I-  !i  i  4— 4... "'---1  i —  ; ;i:  1  •Nil  i i mii  10  I  P A R T I C L E  S I Z E  _  *  h-+ 4  ( m i c r o n s )  H444i  10  }' r L : ' '  r  1 n ~ n r n • • ••1114TH .4—J.—I— 1— — J •—— 1— It —;--{--f44H I ' • i '•• '• 1 - H 4 - 4 - 4 4 4 ii i •'• ' i j i i 4„ -4- . - 4 - i ; 4 i i I 1  * 1  1  1  Hi  I • MH|  1 0  5  (  i4-.li.4L-. 4-44444-•H-f'ffh. 'i_ .l.A.4 -(-I X4-.l-J-l.L_ i 1i (I 1 I M l -t-t1444 u i Iiut • i Hi 4 !-4-4 ! ( •I I M l I 1I n  •  ' L i Ii i j /1 1  JJ_  1 L - -rp r 4 4 4 4 4 f 4... T ' 4 i t .... 11 i n II i j 1-4-tf  1  i  S  441  i !'  E l l  I  44  444.-4-.. iMi; i I ji! Mil M i n i  ..L..4-4 i 1 I  I ,.4. -4- JU44-I i '  44<4i.L. .444444  I 4 l i t  4-  Tf -rr  # 1 7 ! I  i ! I"!  11(11  |sCFiEEJN|l)S^kFLX)Wi , -t-4- , ! i i * il  T i 144411 ! . -M. . . i. i .i ;i ^ ^ ^ r 4 $ I i M M -44-4L$ 4T-  O  R U N  rtt -H-  i je  ! j . : i ]>'  H  D I S T R I B U T I O N S  ©—-©—O—O; O.—Oi O Tti jO—£—^—^  IL  > L i  S I Z E  i  i  1 1 1 iiiij  10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #1 TT  1 0  T T  ^—©  ^ I ^ - T - T T  -+-T  q  i i i  |T—I  CO CO  <  Q_ ho t-O 00  LU >  I  . —  J.  4 + 4 - r H l —  r  [!| i 1 0  -  ..I—-  i  FJEED  FRJESH  i i •-pf-| I  L—  t T l T 1 F ^ T ~ l T r r r  !  I 4-}  M i l ! 4—4" 4—  'TttMl'-""-  o  M  •\ f  -  TT  Mi'  u  1 0  i m i n i — i  i1  1  0  A  4-f  1  0  *  PARTICLE  1  SIZE  I!  4TT  44+ 0  4  (microns)  -  L  4  fit T! I  Tl  i iiiili  "-Tr'TT r n f j -  ttrtttr r t ;T[f 4 — f ~ -T ' I ! ;  1  -L4  ) i I>  i  T  x.  IT  • |— j~ i  w  rt"tp t 4  T i  ± t  • - L~.-,.  .  h  44  ' t U t  t  —  It  r  r -.-•4T L T+ t — • ' i ~ 4-  E E l :  i.,.  (  44-144  .U. r  :  i  I  tTttl ! i 44 i ! I i  H  f t  —t  - r r  .j j i i I i [ I  i  l.,.L i 1' i  !  S C R E E N U N D E R F L O Wr 4- 4-  .1.141  T t  U f f T r  o z  o  •r  u s 7* U 4 L ^  O;  1 0  Ii  444 1 0  ONissvd  *  3AiivinHno 229  10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #20 fGt—e—Q—e  o z  SCFEEN I M(INFLOW  cn t/> < K  o  FRESh FiED  w 10  3  o  10  10  10' 10 PARTICLE SIZE (microns) 4  10  5  10*  10  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #21 — w —«=  a  G  -  ^S="  -  c  1  V  a  set EE N  vi—  HJ  f INFLOW ,  ESt-  ,  )  10  4  "I 10  1—I  r  1—I  I I I IM|  10  2  I I I  1 0 '  1 1  I I Illl|  10*  1 1  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  I I I Ml|  1 0 '  1 1  I I IMl|  10*  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #23  10  10*  1 0  s  1 0  4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns) A  10*  10*  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #24  1 H—i i i mni—i i i mill—i i i mill—i i i mill—i i i mi 10  1 0  a  10  5  10  4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  s  10*  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #25  10'  ^—e—G —  i  p-€  1*1 fan  A—  /r  r  *  "1  1  A  SCIEE N I MI :*FLOW  >\  —  *** -  -  — —• FR ESH F EE D  »'  .  .....  —  —  •-  •--  -  --•  ...  /  ¥  —  /i  10*  10  3  10  —  --  . . . .  10  —  4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  s  10*  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #26  1 -+—i i i mm—i i 11 mi| i i i mii|—i i 11 mil—i i i m 10  10 *  10  5  10  4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10 *  10 *  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #27  1  H—i  10  i  1111 H I — i 10  2  i mi—i i 111  10  3  11 IIIII—t 10 *  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  i i null—i i mil 10 *  11  10 *  LORNEX C CIRCUIT ADJ. SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS RUN #28  1 H—i i i mni in i mil—i i i mill—i i i mm—i i i mm 10  10  1  10  5  10  4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  9  10 *  oo  APPENDIX  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT:  IV.  ADJUSTED 60CM DATA  MASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT  LORNEX RUN 1  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1  fc2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  HATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .46  .45  .49  5.00  ,00  .01  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.25  1.23  1.93  5.00  .00  .34  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  53.37  53.72  .65  15.00  .00  52.83  100.00  .00  .40  .44  9.30  10.00  .00  -.01  100.00  .00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  52.97  53.28  .58  20.00  .00  52.83  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  .34  100.00  .00  .34  .34  .58  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  52.49  100.00  .00  52.17  52,49  .61  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .44  100.00  .00  99.19  97.96  1.24  5.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  .89  100.00  .00  71.69  72.40  .99  10.00  SCREEN  .00  .89  100.00  .00  2.00  1.65  17.25  1000.00  STREAMS  FEED  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .44  100.00  .00  93.81  101.67  8.38  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .44  100.00  .00  .83  .83  .51  10.00  241  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS  MILL DISCHARGE MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .45  .46  3.19  5.00  .96  .93  3.26  5.00  9500  4.70  3.22  31.43  5.00  5.42  6.45  18.93  5.00  6700  18.84  20.87  10.75  5.00  44.41  41.73  6.03  5.00  4570  17.47  16.67  4.59  5.00  30.69  33.34  8.62  5.00  3350  3.80  9.56  8.59  5.00  16.98  16.00  5.74  5.00  2360  4.28  4.12  3.71  5.00  1.44  1.45  .84  5.00  1700  2.00  1.92  3.75  5.00  .07  .07  .08  5.00  1180  1.63  1.60  1.66  5.00  .02  .02  .01  5.00  850  1.33  1.30  2.01  5.00  .01  .01  .01  5.00  600  1.41  1.43  1.65  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.63  1.54  5.48  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  1.95  2.05  5.15  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  2.29  2.36  3.15  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  3.33  3.25  2.49  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  3.51  3.50  .37  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  3.58  3.63  1.26  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  3.98  4.02  .99  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.23  3.01  6.93  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  15.56  15.46  .65  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  242  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW  FRESH FEED  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID,  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT ADJUSTED  H I L L CONTENTS NOT ADJUSTED  37500  0.54  0.40  26500  10.94  5.17  19000  16.26  27.47  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  12.17  19.42  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9.13  15.08  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.67  5.70  4750  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.41  5.09  3.16  3.11  1.68  5.00  4.58  2.16  2360  6.62  6.79  2.58  5.00  4.62  1.63  1700  3.66  3.78  3.27  5.00  3.74  0.94  1180  3.14  3.19  1.46  5.00  3.33  0.77  850  2.55  2.60  1.82  5.00  2.71  0.65  600  2.92  2.87  1.83  5.00  2.49  0.67  425  2.34  3.08  4.31  5.00  2.02  0.62  300  4.36  4.10  5.95  5.00  1.78  0.86  212  4.90  4.72  3.59  5.00  1.39  0.94  150  6.36  6.49  2.10  5.00  1.43  1.23  106  6.99  6.99  .06  5.00  1.17  1.33  75  7.37  7.25  1.62  5.00  1.11  1.28  53  8.15  8.04  1.37  5.00  1.07  1.68  38  5.68  6.01  5.85  5.00  0.77  1.11  -38  31.21  30.99  .71  5.00  5.68  5.78  3350  .  243  HASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT  LORNEX RUN 2  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS 1 & 2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  STREAHS  HATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .47  .47  .07  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  1.17  1.13  .27  5.00  .00  .34  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  55.50  55.24  .47  15.00  .00  54.41  100.00  .00  2.83  10.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  .36  .37  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  55.14  54.87  .49  20.00  .00  54.40  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .33  100.00  .00  .34  ,33  .14  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  54.06  100.00  .00  54.33  54.06  .49  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  STREAHS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .47  100.00  .00  99.26  99.53  .27  5.00  HILL  DISCH.  .00  .33  100.00  .00  71.50  70.84  .92  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .83  100.00  .00  2.00  1.51  24.58  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00"  .36  100.00  .00  94.64  98.32  3.89  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .47  100.00  .00  .86  .86  .38  10.00  244  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  HILL DISCHARGE MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .10  100.00  5.00  .00  .23  100.00  5.00  9500  3.58  4.04  12.95  5.00  11.28  9.28  17.75  5.00  6700  18.25  18.04  1.14  5.00  40.90  41.40  1.22  5.00  4750  17.51  17.06  2.59  5.00  38.00  38.97  2.55  5.00  3350  8.31  7.72  7.10  5.00  9.06  9.37  3.40  5.00  2360  4.38  4.36  .51  5.00  .67  .67  .04  5.00  1700  2.20  2.23  1.28  5.00  .07  .07  .02  5.00  1180  1.68  1.68  .15  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  850  1.40  1.40  .15  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  600  1.48  1.54  4.11  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.67  1.62  2.71  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  2.06  2.22  7.66  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  2.49  2.61  4.64  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  3.49  3.48  .30  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  3.70  3.74  1.18  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  4.03  3.99  1.03  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  4,11  4.25  3.46  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.18  3.03  4.86  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  ,00  -38  16.48  16.89  2.51  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  '  245  STREAM  SCR U / F L O H  FRESH FEED  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT  MILL CONTENTS NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTED  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  8.14  6.14  19000  20.01  27.72  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  14.78  22.20  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  11.74  13.33  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.69  5.92  4750  .13  .13  .00  .00  6.73  5.22  3350  6.22  6.45  3.65  5.00  5.33  1.58  2360  7.12  7.21  1.21  5.00  4.55  1.24  1700  3.93  3.90  .88  5.00  3.35  0.74  1180  2.97  2.97  .16  5.00  2.78  0.62  850  2.46  2.47  .41  5.00  2.17  0.53  600  2.85  2.73  4.17  5.00  1.92  0.55  425  2.80  2.88  2.85  5.00  1.36  0.52  300  4.30  3.93  8.58  5.00  1.38  0.74  212  4.84  4.62  4.58  5.00  0.97  0.81  150  6.11  6.17  .94  5.00  1.02  1.15  106  6.67  6.64  .51  5.00  0.84  1.29  75  6.95  7.07  1.72  5.00  0.84  1.35  53  7.76  7.54  2.87  5.00  0.81  1.56  38  5.11  5.36  4.94  5.00  0.54  1.05  -38  29.78  29.94  .55  5.00  4.05  5.72  246  MASS BALANCE OF 60CM CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  LORNEX RUN 3  RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS  1 &2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS,  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .46  .46  .05  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .94  .91  2.76  5.00  .00  .34  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  51.04  51.69  1.27  15.00  .00  51.12  100.00  .00  .10  .11  8.64  10.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  STREAMS  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  50.94  51.57  1.25  20.00  .00  51.12  100.00  .00  MILL HATER  .00  .34  100.00  .00  .33  .34  .30  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  50.78  100.00  .00  50.15  50.78  1.25  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .45  100.00  .00  99.06  97.90  1.18  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .57  100.00  .00  62.83  62.27  .89  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .57  100.00  .00  2.00  1.10  45.11  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .11  100.00  .00  92.64  101.79  9.87  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .45  100.00  .00  .88  1.06  10.00  STREAHS  247  .87  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS  STREAMS  MILL DISCHARGE HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  2.83  3.09  9.24  5.00  16.94  15.40  9.09  5.00  6700  5.92  5.67  4.28  5.00  26.39  28.23  6.97  5.00  4750  6.21  6.66  7.19  5.00  34.51  33.16  3.92  5.00  3350  5.48  5.23  4.60  5.00  18.79  19.81  5.40  5.00  2360  4.22  3.95  6.38  5.00  3.03  3.07  1.28  5.00  1700  2.97  3.00  1.11  5.00  .27  .27  .01  5.00  1180  3.25  3.31  1.87  5.00  .05  .05  .00  5.00  850  3.21  3.23  .70  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  600  3.62  3.73  3.03  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  4.04  3.77  6.60  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  4.42  4.52  2.34  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  4.58  4.49  1.98  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  5.62  5.46  2.76  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  5.30  5.34  .68  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  5.57  5.52  .92  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  5.44  5.67  4.20  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  4.09  4.04  1.16  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  23.24  23.32  .36  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  248  STREAM  SCR U / F L O H  FRESH FEED  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT  MILL CONTENTS NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTED  37500  0.71  0.00  26500  7.92  5.63  19000  16.61  23.43  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13.07  17.49  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  10.05  15.40  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.60  6.19  4750  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.30  5.67  3350  1.55  1.57  1.05  5.00  4.27  2.53  2360  3.98  4.17  4.83  5.00  4.73  2.78  1700  3.73  3.69  1.09  5.00  3.72  1.80  1180  4.21  4.13  1.91  5 00  3.31  1.58  850  4.07  4.04  .69  5.00  2.88  1.24  600  4.82  4.67  3.19  5.00  2.71  1.18  425  4.46  4.72  5.85  5.00  2.02  0.93  300  5.80  5.66  2.42  5.00  2.04  1.14  212  5.51  5.62  1.94  5.00  1.45  1.08  150  6.66  6.84  2.66  5.00  1.47  1.29  106  6.72  6.68  .65  5.00  1.15  1.32  75  6.84  6.90  .95  5.00  1.14  1.37  53  7.43  7.09  4.54  5.00  1.09  1.48  38  5.00  5.06  1.16  5.00  0.68  0.99  -38  29.21  29.16  .18  5.00  6.07  5.44  249  MASS BALANCE OF 50CM CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  LORNEX RUN 4  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 &2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  STREAMS  FRESH FEED HILL DISCH. SCREEN  FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .47  .47  1.67  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  1.28  1.26  1.39  5.00  .00  .39  100.00  .00  54.49  55.54  1.92  15.00  .00  54.66  100.00  .00  .35  .39  11.18  10.00  .00  -.03  100.00  .00  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  54.14  55.14  1.85  20.00  .00  54.69  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .40  100.00  .00  .40  .40  .40  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  54.28  100.00  .00  53.31  54.28  1.81  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .45  100.00  .00  99.17  97.16  2.03  5.00  HILL  DISCH.  .00  .37  100.00  .00  69.59  69.32  .39  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .87  100.00  .00  2.00  1.57  21.35  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .42  100.00  .00  93.46  106.67  14.13  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .45  100.00  .00  .81  .82  1.60  10.00  STREAMS  250  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  HILL DISCHAR6E HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .32  .31  2.02  5.00  .64  .65  1.94  5.00  9500  4.10  4.05  1.30  5.00  8.31  8.42  1.33  5.00  6700  19.97  19.63  1.68  5.00  40.08  40.86  1.94  5.00  4750  16.43  16.66  1.39  5.00  35.01  34.61  1.15  5.00  3350  8.05  8.44  4.85  5.00  13.99  13.44  3.94  5.00  2360  5.10  4.25  16.72  5.00  1.84  1.89  2.91  5.00  1700  2.51  2.30  8.33  5.00  .09  .09  .14  5.00  1180  2.00  1.88  6.00  5.00  .02  .02  .03  5.00  850  1.74  1.69  3.08  5.00  .02  .02  .02  5.00  600  1.82  1.85  1.48  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.80  1.79  .82  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  1.88  2.03  8.06  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  1.99  2.08  4.33  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  2.63  2.62  .33  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  2.70  2.77  2.62  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  2.83  2.99  5.63  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  3.47  3.62  4.34  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.07  2.97  3.11  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  17.59  18.08  2.77  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  251  STREAM  SCR U / F L O H  FRESH FEED  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT  H I L L CONTENTS NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTED  37500  0.93  0.00  26500  7.12  6.09  19000  16.29  23.78  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  11.81  18.57  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  10.83  16.93  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.61  6.94  4750  .05  .05  .00  5.00  6.96  6.68  3350  3.85  3.32  .89  5.00  5.13  3.01  2360  5.82  6.42  10.39  5.00  4.93  2.39  1700  4.05  4.35  7.31  5.00  3.67  1.48  1180  3.41  3.60  5.59  5.00  3.38  1.12  850  3.13  3.23  3.13  5.00  2.74  0.79  600  3.60  3.56  1.23  5.00  2.57  0.69  425  3.40  3.44  1.08  5.00  1.90  0.53  300  4.31  3.91  9.25  5.00  1.90  0.63  212  4.18  4.00  4.38  5.00  1.37  0.62  150  5.01  5.05  .73  5.00  1.49  0.75  106  5.46  5.33  2.31  5.00  1.21  0.84  75  6.11  5.75  5.81  5.00  1.11  0.85  53  7.27  6.97  4.13  5.00  1.15  1.26  38  5.54  5.73  3.37  5.00  0.71  0.86  -38  34.81  34.80  .02  5.00  6.18  5.19  252  MASS BALANCE OF 60CM CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  LORNEX RUN 5  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 &2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .46  .45  .84  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  1.01  1.01  .18  5.00  .00  .41  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  58.53  59.26  1.25  15.00  .00  58.65  100.00  .00  .16  .16  5.10  10.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  58.37  59.10  1.24  20.00  .00  58.65  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .40  100.00  .00  .40  .40  .08  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  58.25  100.00  .00  57.53  58.25  1.24  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .45  100.00  .00  99.35  98.63  .73  5.00  HILL  .00  .61  100.00  .00  60.16  60.08  .14  10.00  .00  .61  100.00  .00  2.00  1.03  48.56  1000.00  STREAHS  DISCH.  SCREEN  FEED  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .16  100.00  .00  92.90  98.66  '6.20  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .45  100.00  .00  .75  .76  1.06  10.00  253  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS  MILL DISCHARGE MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  1.25  1.29  3.25  5.00  5.03  4.86  3.29  5.00  9500  3.09  2.99  3.36  5.00  10.87  11.25  3.54  5.00  6700  10.12  10.70  5.70  5.00  42.34  40.32  4.77  5.00  4750  7.79  7.41  4.91  5.00  26.49  27.92  5.40  5.00  3350  4.94  4.78  3.27  5.00  12.80  13.15  2.72  5.00  2360  3.34  3.18  4.75  5.00  2.33  2.35  .96  5.00  1700  2.25  2.25  .17  5.00  .11  .11  .01  5.00  1180  2.18  2.14  1.95  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  850  2.1.5  2.10  2.22  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  2.75  2.77  .67  5.00  .00  ,00  100.00  .00  425  3.15  3.07  2.49  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  3.97  4.15  4.65  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  4.44  4.43  .28  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  5.73  5.58  2.66  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  5.65  5.56  1.65  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  5.64  5.48  2.91  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  5.24  5.43  3.54  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  4.02  3.88  3.57  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  22.32  22.86  2.41  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  254  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW  FRESH FEED  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT ADJUSTED  H I L L CONTENTS NOT ADJUSTE  37500  0.00  0.57  26500  11.34  7.23  13000  20.40  28.31  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13.46  19.30  3500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  10.18  13.40  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.26  5.63  4750  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.30  4.82  3350  1.74  1.76  .89  5.00  4.22  2.42  2360  3.35  3.48  3.60  5.00  4.22  1.97  1700  3.01  3.02  .25  5.00  3.32  1.40  1180  2.85  2.31  1.95  5.00  3.00  1.13  850  2.80  2.86  2.20  5.00  2.40  0.8B  600  3.79  3.77  .58  5.00  2.16  0.88  425  4.08  4.18  2.48  5.00  1.75  0.74  300  5.35  5.65  4.96  5.00  1.48  0.92  212  6.00  6.03  .44  5.00  1.16  0.87  150  7.33  7.53  2.73  5.00  1.16  1.05  106  7.43  7.56  1.80  5.00  0.91  1.07  75  7.24  7.45  2.94  5.00  0.81  1.05  53  7.66  7.38  3.59  5.00  0.74  1.10  38  5.10  5.28  3.46  5.00  0.50  0.75  -38  31.58  31.06  1.65  5.00  4.24  4.52  255  MASS BALANCE OF &OCM CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  LORNEX RUN 6  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 fc 2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .62  .60  2.83  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.44  1.54  6.94  5.00  .00  .55  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  52.80  51.97  1.55  15.00  .00  50.98  100.00  .00  .43  .41  4.16  10.00  .00  .02  100.00  .00  52.37  51.56  1.55  20.00  .00  50.97  100.00  .00  .00  .53  100.00  .00  .54  .53  2.56  5.00  .00  50.44  100.00  .00  51.24  50.44  1.57  30.00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  HILL WATER SUHP WATER  "  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .59  100.00  .00  98.79  98.88  .09  5.00  HILL  DISCH.  .00  .99  100.00  .00  64.08  64.40  .50  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .99  100.00  .00  2.00  1.91  4.73  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .40  100.00  .00  92.36  36.26  4.22  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .59  100.00  .00  1.16  1.15  1.21  10.00  STREAHS  256  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  MILL DISCHAR6E MEAS. VALUES  13200  .00  9500  4.89  6700  ESTIM. VALUES  .37  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  100.00  5.00  .00  .92  100.00  5.00  4.19  14.36  5.00  9.34  10.38  11.16  5.00  15.70  15.43  1.71  5.00  37.49  38.26  2.05  5.00  4750  13.36  13.86  3.72  5.00  35.60  34.31  3.62  5.00  3350  7.19  7.94  10.46  5.00  15.75  14.32  9.08  5.00  2360  4.10  4.19  2.22  5.00  1.72  1.71  .36  5.00  1700  2.14  2.26  5.60  5.00  .08  .08  .08  5.00  1180  1.74  1.82  4.72  5.00  .01  .01  .01  5.00  850  1.64  1.67  1.54  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  1.91  1.99  4.29  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  2.37  2.30  3.05  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  2.98  3.11  4.19  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  3.33  3.23  2.98  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  4.23  4.15  1.99  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  4.15  4.11  .94  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  4.30  4.15  3.39  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  4.23  4.28  1.13  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.25  3.04  6.46  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  18.51  17.94  3.09  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  257  .  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW  FRESH FEED  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT  H I L L CONTENTS NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTS  37500  0.30  0.00  26500  7.28  6.43  19000  16.74  26.84  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  15.07  19.03  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  11.95  17.14  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  7.55  6.84  4750  .03  .03  .01  5.00  7.18  5.93  3350  3.76  3.63  3.45  5.00  4.46  2.90  2360  6.00  5.87  2.23  5.00  4.58  2.22  1700  3.99  3.73  6.43  5.00  3.24  1.26  1180  3.22  3.05  5.37  5.00  2.98  0.90  850  2.84  2.79  1.73  5,00  2.38  0.69  600  3.51  3.34  4.88  5.00  2.21  0.69  425  3.75  3.85  2.70  5.00  1.64  0.58  300  5.47  5.20  4.86  5.00  1.62  0.68  212  5.28  5.42  2.56  5.00  1.13  0.62  150  6.84  6.95  1.59  5.00  1.21  0.68  106  6.85  6.89  .59  5.00  0.38  0.69  75  6.77  6.96  2.85  5.00  0.87  0.73  53  7.28  7.17  1.51  5.00  0.94  0.83  38  4.83  5.10  5.49  5.00  0.54  0.60  -38  29.57  30.02  1.51  5.00  5.14  3.71  258  MASS BALANCE OF SOCN CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  LORNEX RUN 7  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 &2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  STREAMS  WATER FLOW RATES  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .47  .47  .59  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.38  1.34  2.83  5.00  .00  .47  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  54.88  54.54  .62  15.00  .00  53.67  100.00  .00  .34  .38  10.80  10.00  .00  -.03  100.00  .00  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  54.54  54.16  .70  20.00  .00  53.70  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .49  100.00  .00  .48  .49  1.31  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  53.20  100.00  .00  53.55  53.20  .66  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .46  100.00  .00  99.38  97.60  1.79  5.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  .87  100.00  .00  62.42  64.82  3.85  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .87  100.00  .00  2.00  1.59  20.26  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .41  100.00  .00  98.54  107.74  9.33  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .46  100.00  .00  .85  .85  .51  10.00  STREAHS  259  ESTIMATES  STREAHS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS  HILL DISCHARGE HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .00  1.71  100.00  5.00  .00  3.62  100.00  5.00  9500  5.50  4.05  26.33  5.00  7.32  8.56  16.91  5.00  6700  18.06  18.37  1.73  5.00  38.82  38.80  .04  5.00  4750  15.03  16.83  12.00  5.00  41.22  35.55  13.75  5.00  3350  8.62  7.65  11.21  5.00  11.13  12.02  7.38  5.00  2360  3.95  3.9B  .82  5.00  1.35  1.35  .07  5.00  1700  1.96  1.33  1.70  5.00  .09  .09  .04  5.00  1180  1.36  1.38  1.59  5.00  .01  .01  .01  5.00  850  1.14  1.13  .52  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  1.32  1.38  4.83  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.66  1.62  2.25  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  2.08  2.22  6.63  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  2.48  2.51  1.27  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  3.35  3.21  4.18  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  3.46  3.42  1.12  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  3.89  3.75  3.60  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  4.14  4.15  .31  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.29  3.08  6.38  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  18.71  17.60  5.93  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  260  STREAM  SCR U / F L O H  FRESH FEED  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT  H I L L CONTENTS NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTED  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  8.19  7.00  19000  23.17  25.34  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  14.79  21.59  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  11.40  15.36  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.24  6.97  4750  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.39  6.73  3350  3.66  3.73  1.95  5.00  4.42  2.81  2360  6.46  6.35  1.70  5.00  4.17  2.33  1700  3.54  3.58  1.08  5.00  2.97  1.34  1180  2.67  2.62  2.06  5.00  2.62  0.91  850  2.15  2.15  .18  5.00  2.17  0.72  600  2.79  2.63  5.80  5.00  1.89  0.66  425  3.03  3.08  1.70  5.00  1.39  0.52  300  4.60  4.21  8.43  5.00  1.37  0.59  212  4.87  4.77  2.06  5.00  0.99  0.53  150  5.92  6.10  2.98  5.00  1.04  0.62  106  6.49  6.50  .12  5.00  0.88  0.64  5.00  0.84  0.68  0  00  75  6.96  7.12  53  8.01  7.89  1.54  5.00  0.88  0.84  38  5.58  5.85  4.84  5.00  0.55  0.56  -38  33.27  33.43  .47  5.00  3.62  3.27  261  MASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  LORNEX RUN 8  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 k 2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .60  .59  .84  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  1.41  1.43  1.31  5.00  .00  .48  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  48.46  48.83  .77  15.00  .00  47.88  100.00  .00  .37  .38  2.63  10.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  48.09  48.45  .75  20.00  .00  47.87  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .46  100.00  .00  .46  .46  .45  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  47.40  100.00  .00  47.04  47.40  .76  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .59  100.00  .00  98.92  98.67  .25  5.00  HILL  .00  .95  100.00  .00  66.65  66.46  .29  10.00  .00  .95  100.00  .00  2.00  1.95  2.51  1000.00  STREAHS  DISCH.  SCREEN FEED  .  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .37  100.00  .00  92.67  96.91  4.58  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .59  100.00  .00  1.20  1.21  .63  10.00  262  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS  STREAMS  MILL DISCHARGE MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .00  -.09  100.00  5.00  .00  -.25  100.00  5.00  3500  2.81  2.90  a. u l  5.00  7.81  7.53  3.57  5.00  6700  16.01  15.45  3.47  5.00  38.87  40.09  3.14  5.00  4750  13.99  14.16  1.24  5.00  37.19  36.68  1.37  5.00  3350  7.71  7.84  1.71  5.00  14.54  14.35  1.23  5.00  2360  4.12  4.07  1.21  5.00  1.53  1.53  .17  5.00  1700  2.22  2.33  4.75  5.00  .05  .05  .04  5.00  1180  1.92  1.92  .05  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  850  1.75  1.75  .24  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  2.02  2.08  3.12  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  2.21  2.20  .56  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  2.91  3.01  3.33  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  3.27  3.26  .16  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  4.48  4.29  4.14  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  4.32  4.28  .99  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  4.58  4.42  3.51  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  53  4.40  4.51  2.45  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.12  3.12  .04  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  18.15  18.49  1.38  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  263  ,  .00  STREAH  SCR U / F L O  FRESH FEED  HEAS.  ESTIH  RESID  LAT  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  .DEV.  NOT  H I L L CONTENTS NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTED  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  5.71  4.99  19000  16.13  27.54  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13.29  21.20  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  10.81  14.51  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.58  5.90  4750  .04  .04  .00  5.00  6.73  5.27  3350  3.77  3.76  .32  5.00  4.54  2.27  2360  5.59  5.66  1.29  5.00  4.98  1.50  1700  3.95  3.75  4.99  5.00  3.69  0.97  1180  3.11  3.12  .21  5.00  3.37  0.80  850  2.83  2.84  .38  5.00  2.85  0.66  600  3.50  3.39  3.15  5.00  2.72  0.69  425  3.55  3.58  .73  5.00  2.07  0.61  300  5.06  4.89  3.30  5.00  2.10  0.82  212  5.29  5.31  .43  5.00  1.47  0.89  150  6.71  6.99  4.15  5.00  1.55  1.16  106  6.87  6.96  1.31  5.00  1.30  1.24  75  6.94  7.19  3.62  5.00  1.20  1.33  53  7.50  7.34  2.19  5.00  1.25  1.41  38  5.06  5.08  .30  5.00  0.79  0.89  -38  30.24  30.12  .40  5.00  6.89  5.34  264  HASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 9.  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS 1 fc 2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .40  .41  1.88  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.13  1.06  6.43  5.00  .00  .35  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  51.98  53.66  3.24  15.00  .00  52.96  100.00  .00  .23  .31  8.94  10.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  STREAHS  FRESH FEED  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  51.59  53.35  3.21  20.00  .00  52.94  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .33  100.00  .00  .33  .33  1.78  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  52.61  100.00  .00  50.91  52.61  3.33  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .41  100.00  .00  99.21  98.91  .30  5.00  HILL  DISCH.  .00  .71  100.00  .00  67.65  66.87  1.16  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .71  100.00  .00  2.00  1.32  34.01  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .30  100.00  .00  93.35  96.30  3.16  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .41  100.00  .00  .74  .76  2.86  10.00  STREAHS  265  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS  STREAMS  HILL DISCHARGE HEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  1.01  1.01  .01  5.00  2.37  2.37  .10  5.00  9500  4.10  4.23  3.13  5.00  10.30  9.31  3.73  5.00  6700  18.75  18.43  1.71  5.00  43.23  43.20  .08  5.00  4750  13.91  13.38  3.84  5.00  30.55  31.27  2.36  5.00  3350  6.59  6.76  2.51  5.00  12.06  11.76  2.45  5.00  2360  3.49  3.49  .06  5.00  1.37  1.37  .05  5.00  1700  1.37  1.90  1.56  5.00  .10  .10  .04  5.00  1180  1.51  1.46  3.26  5.00  .01  .01  .01  5.00  850  1.27  1.26  .48  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  1.44  1.48  3. OB  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.71  1.68  1.65  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  2.16  2.30  6.62  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  2.64  2.67  1.11  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  3.80  3.66  3.61  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  4.09  4.07  .58  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  4.63  . 4.47  3.36  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  4.63  4.77  3.03  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.47  3.37  2.74  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  18.93  13.60  3.55  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  266  .  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW  FRESH FEED  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT  H I L L CONTENTS NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTE  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  9.86  8.16  19000  20.38  26.05  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  14.27  22.22  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  11.84  15.29  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.14  5.45  4750  .06  .06  .01  5.00  5.86  4.61  3350  3.04  3.03  .40  5.00  3.59  1.93  2360  5.04  5.06  .48  5.00  3.96  1.57  1700  3.28  3.24  1.28  5.00  2.95  0.89  1180  2.46  2.54  3.26  5.00  2.80  0.67  850  2.19  2.20  .66  5.00  2.29  0.50  600  2.67  2.59  3.04  5.00  2.14  0.50  425  2.38  2.93  1.84  5.00  1.70  0.45  300  4.33  4.02  7.24  5.00  1.52  0.60  212  4.69  4.66  .73  5.00  1.18  0.63  150  6.15  6.39  3.88  5.00  1.22  0.90  106  7.01  7.09  1.17  5.00  0.99  1.07  75  7.52  7.80  3.77  5.00  0.94  1.19  53  8.53  8.32  2.47  5.00  0.91  1.36  38  5.71  5.89  3.08  5.00  0.61  0.91  -38  34.44  34.18  .75  5.00  4.86  5.07  267  MASS BALANCE OF 60CM CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  LORNEX RUN 10  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 &2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .44  .44  .68  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.62  1.51  7.14  5.00  .00  .59  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  55.17  56.59  2.58  15.00  .00  55.67  100.00  .00  .43  .49  13.28  10.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  54.74  56.11  2.50  20.00  .00  55.68  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  .58  100.00  .00  .57  .58  2.46  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  55.09  100.00  .00  53.70  55.09  2.58  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .43  100.00  .00  98.94  97.75  1.20  5.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  .92  100.00  .00  61.30  61.13  .29  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .92  100.00  .00  2.00  1.63  18.56  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .49  100.00  .00  93.61  100.72  7.60  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .43  100.00  .00  .75  .77  2.20  10.00  STREAMS  268  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS  STREAHS  HILL DISCHARGE HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  .73  5.45  5.00  1.30  1.36  4.38  5.00  4.46  4.97  11.33  5.00  10.86  9.31  14.25  5.00  6700  22.30  20.12  3.77  5.00  34.36  37.72  3.77  5.00  4750  18.40  19.63  6.67  5.00  38.89  36.73  5.55  5.00  3350  9.10  8.94  1.73  5.00  13.51  13.73  2.05  5.00  2360  3.78  3.55  6.07  5.00  .99  1.00  .30  5.00  1700  1.62  1.65  1.77  5.00  .08  .08  .04  5.00  1180  1.15  1.10  4.38  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  850  .91  .90  .35  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  .98  1.02  3.65  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.21  1.17  3.43  5.00  .00  ,00  100.00  .00  300  1.65  1.70  3.13  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  1.97  2.03  3.03  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  2.93  2.86  2.23  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  3.14  3.19  1.51  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  3.19  3.34  4.79  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  3.69  3.85  4.25  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.12  3.02  3.20  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  15.62  16.22  3.87  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13200  .77  3500  269  STREAM  SCR U / F L O H  FRESH FEED  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT ADJUSTED  MILL CONTENTS NOT ADJUSTED  37500  0.00  0.28  26500  9.33  8.68  19000  18.28  30.43  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13.72  24.34  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  10.86  14.86  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.73  5.53  4750  .07  .07  .00  5.00  6.70  4.58  3350  3.38  3.40  .71  5.00  4.33  1.66  2360  6.14  6.47  5.35  5.00  4.77  1.11  1700  3.49  3.44  1.36  5.00  3.32  0.59  1180  2.26  2.36  4.29  5.00  2.94  0.37  850  1.91  1.93  1.16  5.00  2.45  0.23  600  2.26  2.18  3.66  5.00  2.25  0.29  425  2.42  2.50  3.50  5.00  1.69  0.26  300  3.76  3.65  2.94  5.00  1.6B  0.36  212  4.47  4.35  2.67  5.00  1.24  0.33  150  5.97  6.14  2.85  5.00  1.19  0.50  106  6.88  6.83  .70  5.00  0.96  0.56  75  7.49  7.17  4.34  5.00  0.89  0.61  53  8.55  8.25  3.56  5.00  0.95  0.73  38  6.24  6.47  3.75  5.00  0.56  0.54  -38  34.70  34.78  .22  5.00  5.15  3.06  270  MASS BALANCE OF 60CN CIRCUIT  LORNEX RUN 11  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .46  .46  .13  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .89  .88  .75  5.00  .00  .31  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  49.48  48.41  2.17  15.00  .00  47.83  100.00  .00  .11  .12  6.24  10.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  49.37  48.29  2.19  20.00  .00  47.83  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .30  100.00  .00  .30  .30  .22  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  47.52  100.00  .00  48.58  47.52  2.18  30.00  STREAMS  SCR  OVERSIZE  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .46  100.00  .00  99.40  99.20  .20  5.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  .57  100.00  .00  65.08  64.79  .44  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .57  100.00  .00  2.00  1.18  40.82  1000.00  SCR  .00  .12  100.00  .00  90.14  96.66  7.23  10.00  .00  .46  100.00  .00  .96  .94  1.65  10.00  STREAMS  OVERSIZE  SCR U/FLOW  271  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS  STREAHS  MILL DISCHAR6E HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .39  .40  3.07  5.00  2.03  1.97  3.08  5.00  3500  1.77  1.91  7.96  5.00  10.22  9.35  8.48  5.00  6700  6.58  6.79  3.24  5.00  33.38  33.25  .39  5.00  4750  6.92  7.05  1.87  5.00  34.11  34.50  1.15  5.00  3350  5.12  4.95  3.42  5.00  17.14  17.80  3.86  5.00  2360  3.89  3.89  .10  5.00  2.84  2.85  .27  5.00  1700  2.60  2.69  3.35  5.00  .23  .23  .04  5.00  1 ISO  2.80  2.84  1.39  5.00  .04  .04  .00  5.00  850  3.04  2.96  2.71  5.00  .02  .02  .01  5.00  600  3.24  3.44  6.15  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  3.96  3.83  3.41  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  4.61  4.89  5.97  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  5.36  5.21  2.89  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  6.46  6.29  2.60  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  5.87  5.83  .76  5.00.  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  5.70  5.56  2.54  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  5.27  5.39  2.26  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.95  3.77  4.67  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  22.45  22.33  .54  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  272  STREAM  SCR U / F L O H  FRESH FEED  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT ADJUSTED  MILL CONTENTS NOT ADJUSTED  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  12.25  6.09  19000  23.95  29.30  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  15.87  16.24  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  10.82  12.36  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.83  4.49  4750  .00  .00  100.00  .00  5.79  4.14  3350  1.63  1.64  .85  5.00  3.64  2.56  2360  4.15  4.15  .06  5.00  3.49  2.19  1700  3.44  3.32  3.55  5.00  2.53  1.55  1180  3.61  3.56  1.45  5.00  2.17  1.37  850  3.62  3.71  2.54  5.00  1.71  1.18  600  4.65  4.32  7.05  5.00  1.58  1.20  425  4.66  4.81  3.16  5.00  1.15  1.03  300  6.59  6.14  6.83  5.00  1.15  1.44  212  6.37  5.54  2.63  5.00  0.36  1.38  150  7.72  7.91  2.43  5.00  0.84  1.62  106  7.27  7.32  .70  5.00  0.66  1.56  75  6.82  6.98  2.37  5.00  0.60  1.51  53  6.34  6.77  2.41  5.00  0.61  1.56  38  4.54  4.73  4.24  5.00  0.36  1.01  -38  27.99  28.09  .36  5.00  3.15  6.16  273  HASS BALANCE OF SOCH CIRCUIT  HASS BALANCE  LORNEX RUN 12  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 &2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .50  .51  1.68  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  DISCH.  1.13  1.06  5.60  5.00  .00  .32  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  55.61  57.61  3.60  15.00  .00  56.86  100.00  .00  .24  .26  8.54  10.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED HILL  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  55.37  57.35  3.57  20.00  .00  56.85  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .30  100.00  .00  .29  .30  1.33  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  56.55  100.00  .00  54.57  56.55  3.62  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .50  100.00  .00  98.96  98.37  .59  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .75  100.00  .00  71.28  70.08  1.68  10,00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .75  100.00  .00  2.00  1.29  35.29  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .25  100.00  .00  90.15  94.61  4.94  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .50  100.00  .00  .84  .87  3.20  10.00  STREAHS  274  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS  STREAMS  MILL DISCHARGE HEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .31  .30  2.25  5.00  .89  .91  2.16  5.00  9500  3.24  3.33  2.88  5.00  10.30  10.00  2.90  5.00  6700  11.53  11.15  3.25  5.00  32.33  33.47  3.51  5.00  4750  11.99  12.36  3.06  5.00  37.89  36.88  2.68  5.00  3350  7.61  7.53  1.06  5.00  16.05  16.21  .98  5.00  2360  4.95  4.96  .20  5.00  2.35  2.35  .00  5.00  1700  3.15  3.20  1.70  5.00  .17  .17  .03  5.00  1180  2.73  2.73  .09  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  350  2.37  2.39  .65  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  2.39  2.51  4.85  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  2.55  2.47  3.09  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  2.94  3.07  4.55  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  3.27  3.28  .29  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  4.26  4.25  .35  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  4.28  4.35  1.56  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  4.55  4.50  1.19  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  4.50  4.62  2.71  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.40  3.27  3.86  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  19.99  19.74  1.23  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  275  STREAM  SCR U / F L O H  FRESH FEED  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  LAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  .DEV.  NOT ADJUSTED  HILL CONTENTS NOT ADJUSTED  37500  1.07  0.00  26500  8.86  4.38  19000  16.29  21.92  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  14.00  18.00  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  10.54  15.57  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.88  6.70  4750  .10  .10  .02  5.00  6.58  6.13  3350  3.18  3.13  .34  5.00  4.69  2.68  2360  6.27  6.26  .08  5.00  4.99  2.64  1700  4.80  4.72  1.66  5.00  3.63  1.62  1180  4.10  4.10  .04  5.00  3.29  1.32  850  3.60  3.58  .61  5.00  2.60  1.10  600  3.97  3.76  5.32  5.00  2.30  1.06  425  3.60  3.71  2.36  5.00  1.82  0.88  300  4.85  4.61  4.34  5.00  1.53  1.21  212  4.33  4.32  .22  5.00  1.19  1.14  150  6.34  6.37  .43  5.00  1.20  1.40  106  6.62  6.52  1.52  5.00  0.98  1.45  75  6.66  6.74  1.25  5.00  0.93  1.51  53  7.13  6.33  2.77  5.00  0.87  1.65  38  4.73  4.90  3.65  5.00  0.64  1.09  -38  23.13  23.60  1.60  5.00  5.10  6.55  276  HASS BALANCE OF &OCM CIRCUIT  LORNEX RUN 13  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS 1 & 2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .56  .55  2.76  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  DISCH.  1.29  1.35  4.77  5.00  .00  .43  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  55.89  55.80  .15  15.00  .00  54.88  100.00  .00  .37  .38  .85  10.00  .00  -.01  100.00  .00  STREAHS  FRESH FEED HILL  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  55.52  55.43  .16  20.00  .00  54.89  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .43  100.00  .00  .43  .43  1.63  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  54.45  100.00  .00  54.57  54.45  .21  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .54  100.00  .00  99.35  98.74  .61  5.00  HILL  DISCH.  .00  .93  100.00  .00  68.74  68.50  .35  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .93  100.00  .00  2.00  1.66  17.05  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .38  100.00  .00  94.75  101.89  7.54  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .54  100.00  .00  .98  .98  .13  10.00  STREAHS  277  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS  STREAMS  HILL DISCHARGE HEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .00  -.09  100.00  5.00  .00  -.22  100.00  5.00  9500  3.77  3.71  1.69  5.00  8.81  8.35  1.61  5.00  6700  15.30  14.31  2.53  5.00  35.20  36.02  2.32  5.00  4750  15.63  15.60  .20  5.00  37.58  37.62  .10  5.00  3350  8.43  3.04  6.48  5.00  15.76  14.97  5.02  5.00  2360  5.74  5.62  2.01  5.00  2.45  2.46  .35  5.00  1700  3.73  3.55  4.74  5.00  .18  .18  .03  5.00  1180  3.21  3.11  3.09  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  350  2.67  2.67  .15  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  2.76  2.85  3.11  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  2.53  2.54  1.69  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  2.58  2.72  5.52  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  2.50  2.49  .45  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  3.04  3.01  1.04  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  2.91  2.95  1.53  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  3.28  3.25  .84  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  3.24  3.47  7.21  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  2.58  2.61  1.08  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  15.38  15.97  .07  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  278  STREAM  FRESH FEED  SCR U / F L Q H MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  LAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  .DEV.  NOT ADJUSTED  MILL CONTENTS NOT ADJUSTED  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  8.77  2.70  19000  16.39  17.33  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13.56  16.18  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9.63  15.05  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  7.14  8.22  4750  .04  .04  .00  5.00  6.78  8.70  3350  4.35  4.85  1.97  5.00  4.54  5.67  2360  7.71  7.86  1.96  5.00  4.95  4.54  1700  5.68  5.94  4.51  5.00  3.76  3.00  1180  5.14  5.30  3.15  5.00  3.51  2.43  850  4.56  4.56  .07  5.00  2.74  1.33  600  5.01  4.86  3.06  5.00  2.47  1.68  425  4.25  4.33  1.84  5.00  1.91  1.22  300  4.94  4.65  5.95  5.00  1.81  1.24  212  4.22  4.25  .65  5.00  1.28  0.92  150  5.07  5.13  1.26  5.00  1.29  1.05  106  5.11  5.04  1.33  5.00  1.08  0.92  75  5.49  5.55  1.10  5.00  0.98  0.97  53  6.45  5.93  8.10  5.00  1.05  1.09  38  4.49  4.45  .88  5.00  0.46  0.73  -38  26.89  27.26  1.38  5.00  5.33  4.42  279  MASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 14  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  MEAS. STREAMS  WATER FLOW RATES  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .44  .45  1.64  5.00  .00  .01 100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.03  .96  6.97  5.00  .00  .37 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  54.90  55.21  .57  15.00  .00  54.63 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .13  .14  11.15  10.00  .00  54.77  55.07  .55  20.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  -.01  100.00  .00  54.63 100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .37 100.00  .00  .36  .37  2.33  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  54.26 100.00  .00  53.94  54.26  .53  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAHS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .44 100.00  .00  99.02  97.75  1.28  5.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  .59 100.00  .00  61.68  61.43  .40  10.00  SCREEN FEED -  .00  .53 100.00  .00  2.00  1.07  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .15 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .44 100.00  .00  280  35.63 105.64 .79  .79  46.70 1000.00 10.47  10.00  .48  10.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  HILL DISCHARGE HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  3500  3.39  3.76  6700  3.05  4750  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  5.87  5.00  13.83  14.59  3.15  1.03  5.00  35.68  35.55  .36  5.00  8.51  8.44  .85  5.00  32.30  32.79  1.51  5.00  3350  4.38  5.46  3.60  5.00  15.16  14.07  7.20  5.00  2360  3.72  3.36  6.35  5.00  2.86  2.83  1.20  5.00  1700  2.51  2.55  1.57  5.00  .14  .14  .02  5.00  1180  2.54  2.53  .50  5.00  .02  .02  .00  5.00  350  2.64  2.60  1,48  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  600  3.17  3.18  .24  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  3.64  3.41  6.30  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  4.15  4.32  4.16  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  4.58  4.55  .73  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  5.77  5.60  2.87  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  5.23  5.36  1.33  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  5.02  5.15  2.64  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  5.27  5.40  2.54  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  4.10  3.36  3.50  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  21.07  20.63  2.09  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  .00 100.00  281  ,00 100.00 J.JO  .00 5.00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MILL CONTENTS  NOT  NOT  ADJUSTED  AOJUSTE  37500  0.83  0.00  26500  8.14  6.80  19000  17.76  27.00  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  11.50  18.32  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  10.97  14.26  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.04  5.40  4750  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.14  4.64  3350  2.57  2.48  3.63  5.00  3.69  2.16  2360  4.62  4.35  5.89  5.00  4.15  1.93  1700  3.44  3.38  1.62  5.00  3.54  1.42  1180  3.38  3.40  .48  5.00  3.20  1.17  850  3.45  3.50  1.41  5.00  2.71  0.96  600  4.29  4.28  .26  5.00  2.59  1.03  425  4.35  4.53  5.57  5.00  2.17  0.96  300  6.10  5.82  4.58  5.00  1.92  1.28  212  6.03  6.12  .69  5.00  1.52  1.22  150  7.35  7.55  2.57  5.00  1.62  1.40  105  7.32  7.22  1.40  5.00  1.36  1.35  75  7.14  6.94  2.83  5.00  1.31  1.18  53  7.48  7.28  2.72  5.00  1.24  1.47  38  5.16  J.  Jj  3.24  5.00  0.87  0.92  -38  27.29  27.80  1.86  5.00  6.62  5.14  282  MASS BALANCE OF 60CM CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 15  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 ( 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .44  .45  1.66  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.24  1.20  3.09  5.00  .00  .43 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  59.60  60.34  1.24  15.00  .00  59.56 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .33  .35  3.43  10.00  .00  .02 100.00  ,00  59.27  60.00  1.23  20.00  .00  59.55 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW HILL WATER  .00  .41 100.00  .00  .41  .41  .95  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  59.14 100.00  .00  58.39  59.14  1.28  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .45 100.00  .00  98.97  99.61  .64  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .73 100.00  .00  65.08  54.65  .67  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .78 100.00  .00  2.00  1.29  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .33 100.00  .00  35.28  95.53  .31  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .45 100.00  .00  .74  .75  1.04  10.00  283  35.47 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  MILL DISCHARGE MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .66  .67  1.35  5.00  1.60  1.58  1.39  5.00  9500  3.75  4.06  8.37  5.00  10.66  3.59  10.08  5.00  " 6700  18.63  18.61  .03  5.00  43.36  43.30  .10  5.00  4750  14.35  14.15  1.41  5.00  32.32  33.37  1.37  5.00  3350  7.39  6.63  10.31  5.00  10.11  10.71  5.98  5.00  2360  3.83  3.87  1.03  5.00  .73  .73  .10  5.00  1700  2.00  2.01  .51  5.00  .05  .05  .01  5.00  1180  1.56  1.52  2.43  5.00  .01  .01  .01  5.00  850  1.41  1.37  2.43  5.00  .01  .01  .01  5.00  600  1.63  1.68  3.27  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  1.34  1,86  4.00  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  2.32  2.45  5.70  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  2.80  2.81  .30  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  3.53  3.62  .33  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  3.68  3.75  1.31  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.03  4.04  .26  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  3.33  4.23  5.35  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  3.21  3.16  1.46  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  13.18  13.43  1.62  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  284  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MILL CC  NOT  NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTE  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  3.18  6.55  19000  13.03  24.28  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  15.82  19.95  3500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13.24  16.87  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.69  7.19  4750  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.65  6.14  3350  3.51  3.62  3.12  5.00  4.50  3.09  2360  6.17  6.14  .48  5.00  4.29  2.10  1700  3.46  3.45  .21  5.00  2.95  1.26  1180  2.57  2.63  2.53  5.00  2.51  . 0.98  850  2.32  2.33  2.56  5.00  1.93  0.76  600  3.02  2.92  3.23  5.00  1.75  0.73  425  3.11  3.23  3.96  5.00  1.34  0.60  300  4.53  4.26  6.02  5.00  1.18  0.72  212  4.87  4.88  .11  5.00  0.93  0.67  150  6.22  6.28  .92  5.00  0.92  0.83  106  6.59  6.50  1.30  5.00  0.77  0.85  75  6.99  7.01  .34  5.00  0.72  0.84  53  7.81  7.34  6.04  5.00  0.71  0.98  38  5.39  5.43  1.88  5.00  0.53  0.67  -38  33.44  33.86  1.25  5.00  4.31  3.96  285  MASS BALANCE OF 60CM CIRCUIT  LORNEX RUN 16  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1  2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  STREAHS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .64  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  .47  .47  MILL DISCH.  1.49  1.40  5.81  5.00  .00  .48  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  54.88  56.44  2.84  15.00  .00  55.52  100.00  .00  .41  .46  11.87  10.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  54.47  55.98  2.77  20.00  .00  55.52  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  ,00  100.00  .00  1.75  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  100.00  .00  2.82  30.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .47 55.04  .47 53.53  SOLID FLOW RATES  .47 55.04  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .46  100.00  .00  98.91  97.82  1.10  5.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  .92  100.00  .00  66.10  65.56  .82  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .92  100.00  .00  2.00  1.63  18.71  1000.00  SCR  .00  .46  100.00  .00  93.58  100.51  7.41  10.00  .00  .46  100.00  .00  .80  .82  2.44  10.00  STREAHS  OVERSIZE  SCR U/FLOW  286  ESTIMATES  STREAHS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS  MILL DISCHARGE HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .78  .78  .33  5.00  1.57  1.57  .31  5.00  9500  5.72  6.34  10.88  5.00  14.72  12.68  13.82  5.00  6700  19.62  18.87  3.82  5.00  36.30  37.74  3.97  5.00  4750  16.87  16.70  1.02  5.00  32.87  33.33  1.39  5.00  3350  7.59  7.52  .87  5.00  12.63  12.74  .87  5.00  2360  4.26  3.88  8.88  5.00  1.72  1.75  1.81  5.00  1700  1.96  1.97  .70  5.00  .16  .16  .03  5.00  1180  1.61  1.61  .01  5.00  .02  .02  .00  5.00  850  1.36  1.35  1.00  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  1.53  1.57  2.48  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.33  1.75  4.29  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  2.22  2.32  4.62  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  2.50  2.51  .23  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  3.21  3.21  .06  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  3.20  3.27  2.19  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  3.41  3.44  .90  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  3.43  3.66  5.01  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  3B  2.74  2.69  1.65  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  16.11  16.55  2.73  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  287  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW HEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIH. RESID.  VALUES VALUES VALUES  LAT.  NOT  .DEV.  ADJSUTED  HILL DISCHARGE NOT ADJUSTED  37500  0.37  0.00  28500  10.15  4.74  19000  20.55  23.03  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13.95..... ....13.48  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  11.11  17.44  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.45  7,18  4750  .07  .07  .01  5.00  6.06  6.59  3350  2.30  2.31  .35  5.00  4.36  3.41  2360  5.65  6.01  6.42  5.00  3.36  2.93  1700  3.80  3.73  .33  5.00  3.10  1.61  1180  3.19  3.20  .31  5.00  2.78  1.30  850  2.66  2.63  1.23  5.00  2.23  0.98  600  3.21  3.14  2.31  5.00  1.38  0.91  425  3.36  3.50  4,25  5.00  1.53  0.73  300  4.87  4.65  4.61  5.00  1.35  0.84  212  5.00  5.01  .23  5.00  1.03  0.73  150  6.39  6.42  .53  5.00  1.04  0.81  106  6.65  6.54  1.65  5.00  0.85  0.86  75  6.90  6.38  .27  5.00  0.30  0.89  53  7.70  7.33  4.31  5.00  0.78  1.03  38  5.28  5.39  2.08  5.00  0.60  0.71  -38  33.01  33.11  .30  5.00  4.85  4.74  288  MASS BALANCE OF 60CM CIRCUIT  LORNEX RUN 17  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .51  .53  3.47  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  1.40  1.29  8.02  5.00  .00  .33  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  55.14  55.75  1.10  15.00  .00  54.84  100.00  .00  .37  .40  8.45  10.00  .00  .02  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  54.77  55.34  1.05  20.00  .00  54.82  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  .36  100.00  .00  .35  .36  2.03  5.00  3UHP WATER  .00  54.46  100.00  .00  53.83  54.46  1.16  30.00  STREAMS  SCR OVERSIZE  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .52  100.00  .00  99.28  99.87  .60  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .31  100.00  .00  70.24  70.25  .01  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .91  100.00  .00  2.00  1.63  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .38  100.00  .00  94.71  94.65  .06  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  . Ji  100.00  .00  .94  .95  .91  10.00  STREAHS  289  18.58 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  MILL DISCHAR6E HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  9500  4.63  4.63  6700  15.60  4750  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  .01  5.00  10.97  10.98  .08  5.00  15.99  2.52  5.00  38.82  37.92  2.32  5.00  14.64  14.46  1.22  5.00  33.79  34.29  1.47  5.00  3350  8.64  8.34  3.44  5.00  14.51  14.38  2.55  5.00  2360  4.45  4.15  6.71  5.00  1.83  1.85  1.18  5.00  1700  2.15  2.10  2.43  5.00  .06  .06  .03  5.00  1180  1.61  1.62  .46  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  350  1.41  1.39  1.19  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  1.47  1.53  3.81  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  1.56  1.54  1.24  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  1.92  2.04  6.32  5.00  .00  .00 . 100.00  .00  212  2.38  2.36  .74  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  3.43  3.39  1.30  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  3.78  3.82  1.18  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.27  4.22  1.09  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  4.42  4.55  3.01  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  3.48  3.38  2.88  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  20.16  20.48  1.57  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  290  .00 100.00  .00  STREAK  FRESH FEED  SCR U/FLOH HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID.  VALUES VALUES VALUES  LAT.  NOT  .DEV.  ADJUSTED  HILL CONTENTS NOT ADJUSTED  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  3.54  6.25  19000  23.56  30.60  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  15.23  21.67  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  9.75  13.62  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.11  5.31  4750  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.88  4.60  3350  3.54  3.57  .94  5.00  4.03  1.47  2360  5.55  5.83  5.02  5.00  4.02  1.49  1700  3.50  3.58  2.40  5.00  3.25  0.79  1180  2.80  2.79  .37  5.00  2.82  0.59  850  2.38  2.41  1.24  5.00  2.28  0.45  600  2.75  2.64  4.03  5.00  2.05  0.46  425  2.63  2.66  1.30  5.00  1.62  0.40  300  3.80  3.53  7.10  5.00  1.37  0.55  212  4.05  4.03  .87  5.00  1.04  0.62  150  5.77  5.85  1.46  5.00  1.03  0.86  106  6.68  6.61  .98  5.00  0.81  1.04  75  7.21  7.30  1.30  5.00  0.72  1.16  53  9.11  7.87  2.92  5.00  0.65  1.37  38  5.6B  5.85  2.91  5.00  0.46  0.35  -38  35.54  35.39  .41  5.00  3.79  5.75  291  HASS BALANCE OF SOCM CIRCUIT  HASS BALANCE  LORNEX RUN 18  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 &2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.OEV  .52  .53  2.02  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  DISCH.  1.50  1.44  4.20  5.00  .00  .56  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  55.95  56.69  1.33  15.00  .00  55.81  100.00  .00  .33  3.69  10.00  .00  .02  100.00  .00  STREAHS  FRESH FEED HILL  SCR  OVERSIZE  .37  SCR  U/FLOW  55.59  56.31  1.30  20.00  .00  55.79  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .53  100.00  .00  .52  .53  1.53  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  55.25  100.00  .00  54.48  55.25  1.42  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .52  100.00  .00  98.80  99.32  .53  5.00  HILL  DISCH.  .00  .38  100.00  .00  60.71  61.14  .70  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .88  100.00  .00  2.00  1.55  22.41  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .36  100.00  .00  94.58  94.03  .53  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .52  100.00  .00  .92  .33  1.11  10.00  STREAHS  232  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  HILL DISCHARGE MEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .59  .56  4.65  5.00  1.33  1.39  4.57  5.00  9500  5.59  2.51  55.12  5.00  5.10  6.20  21.62  5.00  6700  15.78  17.33  3.81  5.00  42.85  42.84  .03  5.00  4750  13.52  14.93  10.43  5.00  37.49  36.63  2.29  5.00  3350  6.74  7.24  7.43  5.00  12.11  11.82  2.36  5.00  2360  3.54  3.78  6.88  5.00  1.05  1.04  .56  5.00  1700  2.02  2.02  .04  5.00  .04  .04  .01  5.00  1180  1.62  1.67  2.90  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  850  1.41  1.45  2.61  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  1.72  1.77  3.07  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  2.12  2.04  3.80  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  2.86  2.94  2.67  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  3.23  3.27  .56  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  4.51  4.45  1.32  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  4.50  4.42  1.76  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  4.58  4.41  3.63  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  4.37  4.42  1.26  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.22  3.07  4.55  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  18.02  17.71  1.74  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  293  STREAM  SCR U / F L O H  FRESH FEED  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  NOT ADJUSTED  H I L L CONTENTS NOT ADJUSTED  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  10.94  3.61  19000  20.61  29.61  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  12.06  21.73  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  11.59  13.27  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6.23  5.72  4750  .19  .19  .09  5.00  6.08  4.30  3350  4.25  4.13  2.88  5.00  4.18  1.73  2360  6.08  5.64  7.16  5.00  3.88  1.36  1700  3.37  3.37  .11  5.00  3.01  0.87  1180  2.89  2.80  3.14  5.00  2.60  0.68  850  2.50  2.43  2.31  5.00  2.23  0.55  600  3.08  2.98  3.34  5.00  2.13  0.60  425  3.31  3.42  3.47  5.00  1.62  0.57  300  5.08  4.93  2.93  5.00  1.64  0.78  212  5.47  5.49  .44  5.00  1.20  0.78  150  7.39  7.47  1.13  5.00  1.24  0.91  106  7.31  7.42  1.55  5.00  1.03  0.88  75  7.18  7.41  3.23  5.00  0.38  0.89  53  7.54  7.43  1.45  5.00  0.33  0.99  38  4.96  5.16  4.06  5.00  0.63  0.71  -38  29.40  29.71  1.07  5.00  5.07  4.45  294  MASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT  LORNEX RUN 19  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 fc 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .63  .65  2.62  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.91  1.79  6.33  5.00  .00  .73  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  55.20  56.52  2.33  15.00  .00  55.46  100.00  .00  .43  .45  5.23  10.00  .00  .04  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  54.77  56.07  2.38  20.00  .00  55.43  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .69  100.00  .00  .68  .69  2.18  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  54.73  100.00  .00  53.38  54.73  2.53  30.00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SCR  OVERSIZE  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .65  100.00  .00  99.40  100.03  .63  5.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  1.06  100.00  .00  59.32  59.22  1.00  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  1.06  100.00  .00  2.00  1.88  6.19  1000.00  SCR  .00  .41  100.00  .00  92.29  92.07  .24  10.00  .00  .65  100.00  .00  1.13  1.15  2.07  10.00  STREAHS  OVERSIZE  SCR U/FLOW  295  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  MILL DISCHARGE HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  3200  .00  3500  3.37  4.41  6700  15.63  4570  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  10.99  5.00  13.23  11.29  14.63  5.00  13.77  12.27  5.00  32.36  35.28  9.04  5.00  15.25  15.34  .61  5.00  39.68  39.03  1.64  5.00  3350  8.26  8.55  3.46  5.00  13.13  12.30  2.48  5.00  2360  4.40  4.66  5.90  5.00  1.48  1.47  .81  5.00  1700  2.54  2.54  .08  5.00  .11  .11  .00  5.00  HBO  1.85  1.81  2.30  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  850  1.54  1.55  .71  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  1.84  1.86  1.29  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  2.18  2.11  3.38  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  2.84  2.33  3.19  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  3.16  3.07  2.99  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  4.01  3.93  1.89  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  3.74  3.36  3.16  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.02  4.05  .86  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  3.33  4.25  6.44  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  U.  1 J  3.09  1.96  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  17.56  18.23  3.79  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  .00 100.00  MEAS.  296  .00 100.00  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MILL CONTENTS  NOT  NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTE  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  8.68  5.43  19000  17.62  25.43  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  15.57  19.87  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  10.93  15.98  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.49  7.13  4750  .19  .13  .03  5.00  6.42  6.86  3350  5.85  5.82  .49  5.00  4.97  2.68  2360  7.02  6.70  4.54  5.00  4.96  2.19  1700  4.06  4.09  .77  5.00  3.53  1.37  1180  2.88  2.96  2.68  5.00  2.90  1.11  850  2.55  2.54  .28  5.00  2.25  0.90  600  3.08  3.06  .78  5.00  2.03  0.92  425  3.33  3.45  3.72  5.00  1.43  0.75  300  4.93  4.81  2.53  5.00  1.44  0.90  212  4.85  5.03  3.64  5.00  1.01  0.79  150  6.27  6.45  2.88  5.00  1.06  0.86  106  6.47  6.33  2.22  5.00  0.92  0.31  75  6.63  6.65  .28  5.00  0.84  0.80  53  7.41  6.96  6.02  5.00  0.91  0.39  38  4.93  5.06  2.72  5.00  0.54  0.61  -33  23.53  29.88  1.19  5.00  4.50  3.72  297  MASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT  LORNEX RUN 20  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .50  .51  1.06  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.50  1.45  3.35  5.00  .00  .52  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  53 s 33  55.97  4.35  15.00  .00  55.04  100.00  .00  .44  .45  3.43  10.00  .00  .03  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  52.89  55.52  4.97  20.00  .00  55.01  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  .49  100.00  .00  .49  .49  1.04  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  54.52  100.00  .00  51.90  54.52  5.04  30.00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SCR OVERSIZE  SOLID FLOH RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .51  100.00  .00  99.21  99.19  .02  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .93  100.00  .00  54.35  64.04  .43  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .93  100.00  .00  2.00  1.66  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .43  100.00  .00  . 34.15  93.31  .25  10.00  SCR U/FLOH  .00  .51  100.00  .00  .87  .31  4.53  10.00  STREAMS  298  16.85 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  MILL DISCHARGE HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID, RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .47  .47  .60  5.00  1.04  1.03  .58  5.00  9500  4.86  4.58  5.76  5.00  9.51  10.02  5.32  5.00  5700  15.38  17.29  2.43  5.00  38.53  37.81  1.87  5.00  4750  17.44  17.71  1.57  5.00  39.10  38.74  .93  5.00  3350  7.80  7.14  8.52  5.00  10.58  11.16  5.47  5.00  2360  3.84  3.76  2.17  5.00  1.15  1.15  .32  5.00  1700  1.71  1.76  2.94  5.00  .07  .07  .05  5.00  1180  1.36  1.26  7.42  5.00  .01  .01  .03  5.00  850  1.12  1.09  2.65  5.00  .01  .01  .01  5.00  600  1.27  1.29  1.30  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  1.54  1.43  7.31  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  1.98  2.00  1.18  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  2.34  2.31  1.48  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  3.39  3.27  3.52  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  3.64  3.62  .43  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.24  4.24  .04  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  4.30  4.53  5.26  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  ,00  38  3.24  3.23  .20  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  18.57  19.01  2.38  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  299  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MILL CONTENTS  NOT  NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTE  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  10.45  6.64  19000  23.47  31.23  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  14.56  22.45  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  10.91  15.12  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.29  6.02  4750  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.63  4.92  3350  3.66  3.75  2.34  5.00  2.96  2.07  2360  5.83  5.95  2.06  5.00  3.42  1.32  1700  3.28  3.18  2.91  5.00  2.84  0.64  1180  2.17  2.31  6.52  5.00  2.66  0.47  850  1.95  2.00  2.53  5.00  2.18  0.35  600  2.40  2.37  1.23  5.00  1.95  0.35  425  2.47  2.63  6.48  5.00  1.59  0.31  300  3.73  3.63  1.03  5.00  1.36  0.33  212  4.18  4.25  1.63  5.00  1.11  0.39  150  5.82  6.03  3.55  5.00  1.10  0.53  106  6.63  6.63  .73  5.00  0.90  0.61  75  7.79  7.82  .33  5.00  0.83  0.72  53  8.82  8.34  5.44  5.00  0.73  0.89  38  5.93  5.96  .47  5.00  0.58  0.67  -38  35.43  35.14  .82  5.00  4.40  3.30  300  MASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 21  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .32  .32  .70  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .55  .63  4.15  5.00  .00  .20 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  56.69  53.97  4.80  15.00  .00  53.49 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .15  .15  4.20  10.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  56.54  53.81  4.82  20.00  .00  53.50 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW HILL WATER  .00  .21 100.00  .00  .21  .21  1.37  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  53.29 100.00  .00  55.99  53.29  4.82  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .32  100.00  .00  99.05 100.41  HILL DISCH.  .00  .48  100.00  .00  70.05  69.95  SCREEN FEED  .00  .48  100.00  .00  2.00  .88  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .16  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .32  100.00  .00  301  93.45 102.87 .61  .59  1.37  5.00  .15  10.00  55.93 1000.00 10.08  10.00  3.41  10.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  HILL DISCHAR6E HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  3500  5.13  4.67  6700  13.24  4750  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00 100.00  .00  .00  8.94  5.00  12.87  14.01  8.84  5.00  14.03  6.44  5.00  43.32  42.26  2.45  5.00  7.87  8.38  6.45  5.00  26.28  25.12  4.41  5.00  3350  6.94  6.36  8.32  5.00  14.76  15.86  7.46  5.00  2360  4.19  4.40  4.97  5.00  2.52  2.50  .73  5.00  1700  3.16  2.88  8.93  5.00  .22  .22  .23  5.00  1180  2.66  2.62  1.33  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  950  2.42  2.44  .64  5.00  .02  .02  .00  5.00  600  2.59  2.71  4.66  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  2.74  2.66  3.00  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  3.09  3.22  4.32  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  3.34  3.42  2.42  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  4.37  4.14  5.30  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  4.36  4.23  2.88  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.51  4.40  2.50  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  4.64  4.71  1.60  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3B  3.62  3.49  3.63  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  21.14  21.19  .23  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  302  .00  STREAM  FRESH FEED  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  NOT  HILL CONTENTS NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTED  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  11.60  3.04  19000  20.14  16.84  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  14.03  16.90  3500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  11.61  12.76  6700  ,00  .00 100.00  .00  6.68  5.44  4750  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.21  5.51  3350  1,53  1.61  1.25  5.00  4.33  2.35  2360  5.60  5.35  4.51  5.00  3.95  2.82  1700  3.32  4.21  7.33  5.00  3.04  1.92  1180  3.88  3.33  1.30  5.00  2.54  850  3.57  3.64  .70  5.00  2.08  1.32  600  4.23  4.07  5.20  5.00  1.32  1.43  425  3.88  3.33  2.78  5.00  1.42  1.31  300  5.08  4.84  4.80  5.00  1.42  1.80  212  5.27  5.13  2.61  5.00  1.03  1.82  150  5.33  6.21  4.71  5.00  1.03  2.28  106  6.13  6.35  2.64  5.00  0.85  2.32  75  6.45  6.60  2.29  5.00  0.77  2.48  53  7.20  7.07  1.76  5.00  0.77  2.66  38  5.06  5.23  3.37  5.00  0.16  1.77  -38  32.00  31.78  .68  5.00  4.42  11.58  303  .  1.64  HASS BALANCE Of 60CH CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 22  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .55  .55  .67  5.00  .00  .01 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  1.37  1.33  2.87  5.00  .00  .51 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  55.79  56.12  .59  15.00  .00  55.29 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .27  .29  6.36  10.00  .00  .01 100.00  .00  55.52  55.83  .55  20.00  .00  55.28 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW MILL WATER  .00  .43 100.00  .00  .49  .49  1.12  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  54.78 100.00  .00  54.44  54.78  .63  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .54 100.00  .00  99.40  38.82  .59  5.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  .83 100.00  .00  61.37  62.05  1.11  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .83 100.00  .00  2.00  1.48  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .28 100.00  .00  33.28  97.44  4.46  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .54 100.00  .00  .37  .97  .48  10.00  304  26.22 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  MILL DISCHARGE HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  9500  4.21  2.79  6700  12.90  4750  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00 100.00  .00  .00  33.64  5.00  6.79  8.15  19.39  5.00  14.40  11.66  5.00  44.07  42.00  4.69  5.00  11.88  12.58  5.86  5.00  35.98  36.43  1.24  5.00  3350  6.18  6.20  .35  5.00  11.87  12.13  2.18  5.00  2360  4.05  4.01  1.03  5.00  1.23  1.23  .36  5.00  1700  2.43  2.48  1.31  5.00  .05  .05  .00  5.00  1180  2.28  2.32  1.80  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  350  2.28  2.30  .99  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  2.79  2.85  2.22  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  3.20  3.03  5.24  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  3.64  3.75  2.89  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  3.71  3.70  .19  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  4.47  4.32  3.39  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  4.15  4.14  .14  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.27  4.15  2.82  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  4.12  4.18  1.51  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  3.20  3.07  3.92  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  20.25  19.72  2.60  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  305  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MILL CONTENTS  NOT  NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTE  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  3.68  4.52  19000  17.43  23.23  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  14.46  19.54  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  10.72  16.09  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  8.03  6.44  4750  .13  .13  .05  5.00  7.38  6.59  3350  3.12  3.11  .36  5.00  4.57  2.99  2360  5.43  5.46  .48  5.00  4.49  2.90  1700  3.83  3.74  2.28  5.00  3.51  2.01  1180  3.61  3.53  2.15  5.00  3.00  1.66  350  3,55  3.50  1.29  5.00  2.52  1.27  600  4.46  4.34  2.68  5.00  2.38  1.14  425  4.42  4.61  4.41  5.00  1.30  0.87  300  5.91  5.70  3.55  5.00  1.81  1.00  212  5.65  5.64  .26  5.00  1.24  0.84  150  5.40  6.57  2.63  5.00  1.16  1.08  106  6.33  6.31  .36  5.00  0.86  0.98  75  6.18  6.32  2.19  5.00  0.69  1.00  53  6.50  6.36  2.08  5.00  0.58  1.02  38  4.53  4.68  3.29  5.00  0.42  0.66  -38  23.95  30.00  .16  5.00  4.17  4.18  306  MASS BALANCE OF 60CN CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 23  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS i & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  FRESH FEED HILL DISCH.  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .52 1.16  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .51  .71  5.00  .00  .01 100.00  .00  1.16  .46  5.00  .00  .43 100.00  .00  51.89 100.00  .00  100.00  .00  51.90 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  53.17  52.63  1.02  15.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .20  .22  7.62  10.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  52.97  52.41  1.06  20.00  .00  HILL HATER  .00  .43 100,00  .00  .43  .43  .15  5.00  SUMP HATER  .00  51.47 100.00  .00  52.02  51.47  1.06  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAHS  -.01  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID, RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .50 100.00  .00  39.27  98.41  .86  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .73 100.00  .00  63.43  63.28  .23  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .73 100.00  .00  2.00  1.39  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .23 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOH  .00  .50 100.00  .00  307  94.82 103.79 .97  .96  30.34 1000.00 9.46  10.00  .81  10.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  HILL DISCHARGE HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  9500  5.52  6700  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00 100,00  .00  .00  5.60  1.45  5.00  18.14  17.93  1.15  5.00  11.15  11.62  4,23  5.00  38.71  37.21  3.87  5.00  4750  3.19  8.49  7.60  5.00  25.29  27.06  6.99  5.00  3350  5.95  6.00  .86  5.00  15.10  15.04  .41  5.00  2360  4.19  4.18  .14  5.00  2.56  2.56  .07  5.00  1700  2.69  2.69  .11  5.00  .13  .13  .00  5.00  1180  2.63  2.64  .31  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  850  2.51  2.56  1.89  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  2.85  2.95  3.37  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  3.24  3.03  4.59  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  3.63  3.78  4.07  5.00  .00  ..00 100.00  .00  212  3.77  3.68  2.45  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  4.53  4.51  .44  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  4.33  4.38  1.12  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.60  4.53  1.61  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  4.46  4.62  3.68  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  3.40  3.34  1.77  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -33  21.34  21.32  .09  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  308  .00 100.00  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW HEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HILL CONTENTS  NOT  NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTE  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  11.45  4.39  19000  19.38  26.24  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13.89  18.63  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  10.65  14.74  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.54  6.15  4750  .06  .06  .04  5.00  6.22  5.89  3350  1.90  1.30  .14  5.00  4.71  3.22  2360  4.91  4.32  .23  5.00  4.39 .  2.75  1700  3.83  3.83  .01  5.00  3.28  1.82  1180  3.84  3.83  .22  5.00  2.88  1.37  850  3.73  3.72  1.37  5.00  2.35  1.08  600  4.44  4.28  3.51  5.00  2.15  0.96  425  4.31  4.50  4.30  5.00  1.53  0.73  300  5.74  5.49  4.23  5.00  1.51  0.83  212  5.22  5.35  2.45  5.00  1.08  0.78  150  6.52  6.56  .59  5.00  1.03  0.90  106  6.43  6.37  .99  5.00  0.81  0.93  75  6.47  6.58  1.72  5.00  0.74  0.95  53  6.33  6.72  3.80  5.00  0.76  1.11  38  4.77  4.86  1.82  5.00  0.46  0.77  -38  30.77  31.02  .32  5.00  4.18  5.10  309  MASS BALANCE OF SOCN CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 24  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS I & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .49  .50  2.18  5.00  .00  .01 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  1.10  1.05  4.69  5.00  ,00  .33 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  57.75  56.73  1.77  15.00  .00  56.01 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .21  .23  8.83  10.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  57.54  56.51  1.80  10.00  .00  56.02 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW HILL WATER  .00  .33 100.00  ,00  .32  .33  1.33  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  55.68 100.00  .00  56.67  55.68  1.75  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .49  100.00  .00  38.76  98.86  .10  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .72  100.00  .00  68.40  68.51  .16  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .72  100.00  .00  2.00  1.27  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .23  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .49  100.00  .00  310  95.44 101.65 .89  .87  36.64 1000.00 6.50  10.00  2.58  10.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  HILL DISCHARGE MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  9500  4.49  4.49  5700  11.58  4750  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  .06  5.00  •13.96  14.09  .32  5.00  11.95  3.21  5.00  37.31  37.52  1.02  5.00  10.73  11.09  3.36  5.00  35.30  34.82  1.36  5.00  3350  6.83  6.09  10.73  5.00  11.43  12.22  6.48  5.00  2350  4.32  4.46  3.31  5.00  1.30  1.30  .24  5.00  1700  2.63  2.79  5.36  5.00  .04  .04  .03  5.00  1180  2.51  2.51  .07  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  850  2.31  2.34  1.20  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  ,00  600  2.67  2.76  3.51  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  3.05  2.90  4.78  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  3.64  3.76  3.37  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  3.92  3.38  1.56  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  5.12  5.03  1.73  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  4.64  4.74  2.13  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.65  4.54  2.41  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  4.29  4.43  4.70  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  3.20  2.38  6.88  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  19.41  13.08  1.69  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  311  .00 100.00  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HILL CONTENTS  NOT  NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTE  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  7.53  5.32  19000  18.03  24.03  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  12.99  19.56  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  12.02  14.29  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.03  6.07  4750  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.06  5.30  3350  3.12  3.23  3.43  5.00  4.36  2.63  2360  6.13  5.34  3.06  5.00  4.40  2.58  1700  4.36  4.07  6.64  5.00  3.56  1.61  1180  3.67  3.68  .16  5.00  3.02  1.36  850  3.47  3.43  1.15  5.00  2.49  1.08  600  4.21  4.06  3.67  5.00  2.31  1.11  425  4.08  4.26  4.45  5.00  1.77  0.96  300  5.72  5.52  3.48  5.00  1.76  1.20  212  5.93  5.84  1.48  5.00  1.22  1.08  150  7.25  7.38  1.83  5.00  1.28  1.32  106  7.10  6.95  2.06  5.00  1.01  1.28  75  6.50  6.66  2.44  5.00  0.97  1.24  53  6.94  6.59  5.03  5.00  0.96  1.32  38  4.12  4.37  6.13  5.00  0.60  0.88  -38  27.41  28.02  2.24  5.00  5.08  5.41  Oil  MASS BALANCE OF 60CM CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 25  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .59  .59  .62  5.00  .00  ,01 100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.29  1.29  .02  5.00  .00  .44 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  46.69  46.90  .45  15.00  .00  46,06 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .25  .26  5.40  10.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  46.44  46.64  .42  10.00  .00  46.05 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW MILL WATER  .00  .43 100.00  .00  .43  .43  .03  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  45.62 100.00  .00  45.42  45.62  .43  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .53 100.00  .00  99.38  98.81  .58  5.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  .35 100.00  .00  66.06  65.81  .38  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .85 100.00  .00  2.00  1.80  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .26 100.00  .00  93.62  99.74  6.54  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .58 100.00  .00  1.24  1.25  .69  10.00  313  9.80 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  FEED DISCHAR6E HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  3500  3.02  3.22  6700  12.35  4750  .00 100.00  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  6.72  5.00  11.13  12.36  .71  5.00  9.34  9.52  1.98  3350  7.31  7.05  2360  5.56  1700  .00 100.00  .00  10.33  7.64  5.00  40.76  41.23  1.16  5.00  5.00  30.91  30.39  1.69  5.00  10.86  5.00  14.32  15.22  6.29  5.00  5.41  2.64  5.00  1.97  1.98  .31  5.00  3.62  3.65  .34  5.00  .12  .12  .01  5.00  1180  3.32  3.34  .62  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  850  3.10  3.12  .80  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  3.26  3.33  2.27  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  3.27  3.15  3.55  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  n J . JZ  3.61  2.61  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  3.63  3.45  4.94  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  4.06  4.02  .87  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  3.65  3.80  4.20  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  3.80  3.88  2.15  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  3.34  4.06  5.67  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  33  3.12  3.11  .18  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -39  13.03  13.38  1.85  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  314  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MILL CONTENTS  NOT  NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTE  37500  0.00  0.00  26500  3.61  6.11  19000  18.20  19.06  13200  .00  • .00 100.00  .00  13.61  17.33  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  10.30  14.24  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.44  6.85  4750  .07  .07  .00  5.00  6.16  7.24  3350  3.24  3.35  3.35  5.00  4.11  3.73  2360  6.78  6.97  2.81  5.00  4.12  3.21  1700  5.27  5.25  .38  5.00  3.29  2.26  1180  4.86  4.85  .20  5.00  2.94  1.94  850  4.56  4.54  .41  5.00  2.24  1.54  600  4.34  4.84  1.93  5.00  2.39  1.42  425  4.42  4.58  3.63  5.OX)  1.97  1.12  300  5.37  5.25  2.26  5.00  1.74  1.25  212  4.78  5.01  4.30  5.00  1.44  1.07  150  5.77  5.85  1.36  5.00  1.48  1.25  106  5.76  5.53  4.05  5.00  1.30  1.22  75  5.74  5.64  1.73  5.00  1.28  1.22  53  6.26  5.90  5.31  5.00  1.26  1.33  38  4.50  4.53  .57  5.00  0.88  0.88  -38  27.67  27.83  .58  5.00  6.00  5.67  315  MASS BALANCE OF 60CM CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 25  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAMS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .45  .47  3.89  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.23  1.13  8.01  5.00  .00  .33 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  54.11  54.47  .66  15.00  .00  53.67 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .32  .34  6.38  10.00  .00  .01 100.00  .00  53.79  54.13  .63  20.00  .00  53.66 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW HILL WATER  .00  .32 100.00  .00  .31  .32  2.21  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  53.34 100.00  .00  52.94  53.34  .75  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .47 100.00  .00  99.13  39.89  .77  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .30 100.00  .00  69.11  70.72  2.33  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .80 100.00  .00  2.00  1.46  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .33 100.00  .00  100.00  97.42  2.58  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .47 100.00  .00  .86  .86  .55  10.00  316  26.78 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  MILL DISCHARGE HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .49  .50  2.93  5.00  1.26  1.22  3.13  5.00  9500  5.18  5.74  10.90  5.00  16.22  13.90  14.28  5.00  6700  17.04  17.03  .07  5.00  41.37  41.21  .38  5.00  4750  14.81  13.46  9.13  5.00  30.28  32.51  7.38  5.00  3350  7.28  6.87  5.53  5.00  9.54  9.32  2.92  5.00  2360  4.16  4.11  1.27  5.00  1.26  1.26  .14  5.00  1700  2.30  2.36  2.63  5.00  .06  .06  .03  5.00  1180  1.90  1.86  2.16  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  850  1.58  1.58  .21  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  1.72  1.77  2.70  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  1.79  1.75  1.36  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  2.06  2.21  7.28  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  2.44  2.49 • 1.94  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  3.38  3.41  .89  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  3.30  3.32  .64  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.28  4.21  1.67  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  4.59  4.62  .59  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  3.61  3.30  8.54  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  17.60  18.91  7.45  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  317  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID.  VALUES VALUES VALUES  FRESH FEED  MILL CONTENTS  I AT.  NOT  NOT  '.DEV.  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTED  37500  0.88  0.00  26500  11.80  8.67  19000  17.82  25.25  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  12.06  19.82  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  9.43  13.96  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.37  5.30  4750  .04  .04  .02  5.00  6.05  4.83  3350  4.66  4.30  2.37  5.00  4.19  2.62  2360  5.38  6.11  2.19  5.00  4.75  1.77  1700  4.06  3.38  1.36  5.00  3.53  1.01  1180  3.08  3.16  2.63  5.00  3.11  0.81  350  2.69  2.70  .30  5.00  2.54  0.36  600  3.08  3.01  2.26  5.00  2.43  0.54  425  2.92  2.33  2.42  5.00  1.77  0.47  300  4.08  3.77  7.70  5.00  1.78  0.62  212  4.29  4.24  1.20  5.00  1.23  0.66  150  5.80  5.81  .13  5.00  1.33  0.33  106  6.48  6.52  .57  5.00  1.06  1.16  75  6.97  7.17  2.90  5.00  1.02  1.33  53  7.80  7.87  .87  5.00  1.01  1.50  38  5.20  5.63  B.20  5.00  0.53  1.20  -38  32.87  32.21  2.01  5.00  5.17  6.43  318  HASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 27  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .34  .33  2.21  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .78  .31  4.26  5.00  .00  .31 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  47.67  48.20  1.11  15.00  .00  47.69 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .18  .18  .22  10.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  47.49  48.02  1.12  20.00  .00  47.69 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW MILL WATER  .00  .30 100.00  .00  .31  .30  1.60  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  47.39 100.00  .00  46.86  47.39  1.13  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  OD • JJ  100.00  .00  98.96  98.56  .40  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .50 100.00  .00  51.65  62.12  .77  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .50 100.00  .00  2.00  1.05  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .17 100.00  .00  35.11  98.59  3.76  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .33 100.00  .00  .68  .69  .94  10.00  319  47.72 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  HILL DISCHARGE HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .85  .35  .07  5.00  2.46  2.46  .03  5.00  3500  4.08  4.5B  12.21  5.00  15.78  13.24  16.12  5.00  6700  14.35  14.21  4.95  5.00  39.12  41.08  5.02  5.00  4750  11.12  11.01  .95  5.00  31.42  31.85  1.36  5.00  3350  5.12  5.00  2.35  5.00  9.77  3.93  1.63  5.00  2360  3.17  0 00 (J. UL.  4.63  5.00  1.38  1.37  .68  5.00  1700  1.31  1.83  .89  5.00  .06  .06  .01  5.00  1180  1.57  1.56  .57  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  850  1.41  1.43  1.08  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  1.63  1.70  4.42  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  2.00  1.36  2.09  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  2.53  2.70  6.80  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  , 212  3.33  3.35  .53  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  4.75  4.62  2.72  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  5.09  5.07  .37  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  5.53  5.42  2.01  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  5.43  5.60  2.02  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  4.10  3.34  3.94  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  21.48  21.87  1.80  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  320  STREAM  FRESH FEED  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID.  VALUES VALUES VALUES  LAT.  NOT  .DEV.  ADJUSTED  MILL CONTENTS NOT ADJUSTED  37500  0.67  0.00  26500  11.98  3.81  19000  22.09  33.04  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  15.51  21.41  3500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  11.97  13.11  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.39  4.57  4750  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5.78  3.68  3350  2.37  2.33  .35  5.00  3.63  1.31  2360  4.53  4.35  4.06  5.00  3.60  1.03  1700  2.78  2.76  .73  5.00  2.75  0.72  1180  2.37  2.39  .70  5.00  2.31  0.50  850  2.20  2.13  .97  5.00  1.86  0.42  600  2.73  2.60  4.68  5.00  1.65  0.44  425  2.33  2.99  2.17  5.00  1.21  0.41  300  4.47  4.13  7.59  5.00  1.19  0.56  212  5.13  5.12  .23  5.00  0,35  0.58  150  6.86  7.06  2.9B  5.00  0.79  0.78  7.63  7.75  .32  5.00  0.62  0.31  75  8.09  B.2B  2.40  5.00  0.57  1.04  53  3.70  3.56  1.58  5.00  0.59  1.98  38  5.79  6.02  3.99  5.00  0.36  0.81  -38  33.37  33.42  .15  5.00  3.06  4.63  106  0  321  MASS BALANCE OF 60CM CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 23  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .50  .50  .10  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  1.28  1.23  .93  5.00  .00  .40 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  58.95  55.18  6.39  15.00  .00  54.30 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .36  .38  5.31  10.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  58.59  54.80  6.46  20.00  .00  54.30 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW HILL WATER  .00  .41 100.00  .00  .41  .41  .20  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  53.90 100.00  .00  57.62  53.90  6.46  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .50  100.00  .00  99.28  99.43  .15  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .88  100.00  .00  67.63  69.58  1.33  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .88  100.00  .00  2.00  1.60  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .39  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .50  100.00  .00  34.33 101.17 .95  .31  19.97 1000.00 7.25  10.00  4.41  10.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  HILL DISCHARGE HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  3500  2.36  3.40  6700  18.18  4750  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00 100.00  .00  .00  14.78  5.00  9.85  7.73  21.00  5.00  18.14  .22  5.00  40.65  41.55  2.20  5.00  15.43  15.01  2.74  5.00  32.89  34.26  4.15  5.00  3350  8.02  3.22  2.47  5.00  14.59  14.41  1.25  5.00  2360  3.63  3.75  3.28  5.00  1.88  1.87  .65  5.00  1700  1.34  1.35  .31  5.00  .12  .12  .00  5.00  1180  1.54  1.52  1.41  5.00  .01  .01  .00  5.00  850  1.30  1.36  4.37  5.00  .01  .01  .01  5.00  600  1.42  1.55  8.32  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  1.75  1.80  2.66  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  2.33  2.49  6.78  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  2.64  2.73  5.20  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  4.02  3.91  2.74  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  4.21  4.17  .94  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.54  4.32  4.76  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  4.33  4.41  1.38  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  3.14  3.02  3.87  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  13.62  18.22  2.12  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  323  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MILL CONTENTS  NOT  NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTE  37500  0.26  0.39  26500  9.59  10.35  19000  20.36  30.40  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  14.39  13.99  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  11.54  13.63  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.44  4.31  4750  .09  .09  .01  5.00  6.89  3.96  3350  3.44  3.42  .56  5.00  3.72  1.60  2360  5.35  5.21  2.67  5.00  4.91  1.05  1700  3.37  3.36  .27  5.00  3.18  0.64  1180  2.65  2.69  1.40  5.00  2.76  0.44  850  2.52  2.40  4.74  5.00  2.12  0.38  600  3.08  2.75  10.87  5.00  1.96  0.40  425  3.28  3.19  2.78  5.00  1.39  0.39  300  4,79  4.42  7.81  5.00  1.37  0.56  212  5.23  4.93  5.75  5.00  1.03  0.66  150  6.76  6.94  2.66  5.00  0.96  0.92  106  7.33  7.40  .99  5.00  0.77  1.03  75  7.35  7.67  4.42  5.00  0.56  1.12  53  7.98  7.33  1.38  5.00  0.70  1.24  3B  5.17  5.36  3.64  5.00  0.40  0.86  -38  31.60  32.34  2.34  5.00  3.61  324  -  5.16  HASS BALANCE OF SOCM CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 29  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .48  .49  1.82  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  1.20  1.16  2.99  5.00  .00  .43 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  55.14  58.01  5.20  15.00  .00  57.32 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .22  .22  1.74  10.00  .00  .02 100.00  .00  54.92  57.79  5.22  20.00  .00  57.30 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW HILL WATER  .00  .45 100.00  .00  .45  .45  1.15  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  56.84 100.00  .00  53.98  56.84  5.30  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .49  100.00  .00  99.02  99.62  .60  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .69  100.00  .00  53.38  59.04  .27  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .69  100.00  .00  2.00  1.18  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .20  100.00  .00  93.34  90.43  3.63  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .49  100.00  .00  .81  .85  4.88  10.00  40.75 1000.00  ESTIMATES QF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  HILL DISCHARGE HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  3500  3.02  3.51  6700  9.53  4570  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  16.30  5.00  15.43  12.23  20.33  5.00  10.89  14.27  5.00  41.63  38.11  8.45  5.00  10.28  7.98  22.36  5.00  23.33  27.94  19.74  5.00  3350  5.97  5.15  13.77  5.00  14.45  16.30  12.77  5.00  2360  4.94  4.30  12.88  5.00  4.55  4.75  4.41  5.00  1700  3.42  3.35  2.00  5.00  .55  .55  .22  5.00  1180  3.30  3.24  1.70  5.00  .04  .04  .01  5.00  850  3.11  3.20  2.86  5.00  .02  .02  .00  5.00  600  3.61  3.71  2.64  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  3.69  3.66  .83  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  3.83  4.12  7.52  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  3.38  3.96  2.05  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  4.62  4.58  .78  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  4.23  4.35  2.86  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.08  4.06  .46  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  4.50  4.81  6.34  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  3.57  3.56  .34  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  20.39  21.53  5.61  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  326  .00 100.00  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MILL CONTENTS  NOT  NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTE  37500  0.59  0.00  26500  10.50  4.33  19000  18.60  21.68  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13.93  16.39  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  10.37  14.97  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.73  6.50  4750  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6.32  6.24  3350  .68  .69  1.27  5.00  3.36  4.16  2360  3.82  4.12  7.98  5.00  4.16  3.85  1700  4.35  4.47  2.80  5.00  3.27  2.49  1180  4.41  4.53  2.62  5.00  2.85  2.08  850  4.56  4.47  1.95  5.00  2.33  1.69  600  5.27  5.19  1.56  5.00  2.27  1.72  425  5.02  5.12  2.00  5.00  1.84  1.35  300  6.22  5.77  7.31  5.00  1.56  1.44  212  5.59  5.54  .84  5.00  1.24  1.20  150  6.28  6.42  2.19  5.00  1.23  1.25  106  6.19  6.09  1.59  5.00  1.00  1.11  75  5.59  5.69  1.71  5.00  0.91  1.03  53  7.13  6.74  6.29  5.00  0.83  1.07  38  4.91  4.98  1.45  5.00  0.59  0.69  -38  29.92  30.19  .90  5.00  4.95  4.10  007  HASS BALANCE OF SOCM CIRCUIT LORNEX RUN 30  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES  ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .51  .52  1.20  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  1.31  1.27  2.33  5.00  .00  .51  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  51.48  53t 33  3.60  15.00  .00  52,58 100.00  .00  .24  .25  2.78  10.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  51.24  53.08  3.60  20.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  .50 100.00  .00  .43  .50  1.03  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  .00  50.23  52.07  3.66  30.00  SCR OVERSIZE  52.07  100.00  SOLID FLOW RATES STREAHS  .01  100.00  .00  52.57 100.00  .00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  HEAS.  VALUES  VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  VALUES VALUES VALUES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT. ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .52 100.00  .00  38.70-  98.82  .12  5.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  .76 100.00  .00  60.22  53.62  .99  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .76 100.00  .00  2.00  1.42  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .24  100.00  .00  35.48  96.23  .79  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .52 100.00  .00  .34  .97  3.21  10.00  328  29.18 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  MILL DISCHARGE MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  9500  2.73  2.36  6700  11.65  4570  MEAS,  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  ,00  13.62  5.00  6.66  7.41  11.23  5.00  12.32  5.71  5.00  33.47  38.70  1.94  5.00  10.82  11.53  6.54  5.00  37.43  36.23  3.20  5.00  3350  7.17  6.33  10.86  5.00  14.11  15.28  8.31  5.00  2360  5.12  4.48  12.49  5.00  2.16  2.20  1.91  5.00  1700  3.21  3.00  6.68  5.00  .15  .15  .12  5.00  1180  3.12  2.35  5.35  5.00  .01  .01  .01  5.00  850  2.88  2.83  1.80  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  3.21  3.24  .86  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  3.42  3.27  4.28  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  3.66  3.80  3.76  5.00  .00  .00 100..00  .00  212  3.63  3.64  1.42  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  4.37  4.27  2.31  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  4.07  4.12  1.13  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.34  4.31  .78  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  4.16  4.38  5.39  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  3.24  3.26  .51  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  13.17  13.30  3.82  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  329  .00 100.00  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  FRESH FEED  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MILL CONTENTS  NOT  NOT  ADJUSTED  ADJUSTE  37500  0.41  26500  7.13  6.26  19000  14.93  00 01  0.00  %JX  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  11.95  17.18  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  11.37  14.58  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.23  7.25  4750  .00  .00 100.00  .00  7.22  6.79  3350  2.19  2.24  2.36  5,00  5.11  2.82  2360  5.10  5.54  8.71  5.00  5.14  2.52  1700  4.08  4.32  5.37  5.00  3.76  2.06  1180  4.12  4.33  5.01  5.00  3.33  1.86  850  4.07  4.15  1.32  5.00  2.76  1.63  600  4.78  4.75  .66  5.00  2.59  1.57  425  4.61  4.30  4.15  5.00  1.96  1.23  300  5.79  5.57  3.80  5.00  1.94  1.32  212  5.25  5.34  1.62  5.00  1.41  1.10  150  6.11  6.26  2.48  5.00  1.47  1.14  106  6.09  6.04  .87  5.00  1.20  1.08  75  6.25  6.32  1.05  5.00  1.07  1.03  53  6.82  6.43  5.71  5.00  1.06  1.13  38  4.79  4.78  .29  5.00  0.66  0.77  -38  29.94  29.13  2.70  5.00  6.28  4.33  330  APPENDIX V.  LORNEX C-CIRCUIT:  60CM SIZE DISTRIBUTION PLOTS  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  LORNEX RUN 1  Z> ZD  o  1 H— i i i m i l l 10  10  2  1—i I I i mi 10  3  1—i i Mini  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  1—i n inn 10  5  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  1  10  I  1  I I M Ml|  10  2  1 ( I M M |  10  LORNEX RUN 2  1  I I II I l l |  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  1  1 1111(11  10  5  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  LORNEX RUN 6  3 O  1  H  10  i  M I  inn  10  2  1  III  mil 10  3  1  M I  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  mil 10  4  I I M  inn 10  5  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  10  10  2  10  LORNEX RUN 7  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  10  5  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  1  i—i  10  i i i imi  10  2  1 i i i nm 10  3  LORNEX RUN 8  1 i i 11nil  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  t i nnm 10  5  6ee  CUMULATIVE % PASSING  o  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  LORNEX RUN 13  3 O  1 10  1—» i » m i | 10 2  1—i i mill 10  3  1—\  i i i i ii| 10  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  4  1—i i i m i | 10 5  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  LORNEX RUN 14  3 O  1  10  I  I  I M Ml|  10  2  1 1  I I I Ill|  10  3  1  1  I M Ml|  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  1 1  I I I I ll|  10  5  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  LORNEX RUN 16  3 O  1  10  1  1  I I I  m| 10  1 2  1  1  I M Ill|  10  1  1  I I II l l |  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  1  I I I IH|  10  S  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  10  10  2  10  LORNEX RUN 17  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  10 *  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  LORNEX RUN 21  o  1 -\ 10  1 m mil  10  2  1 i  II  i mi  10 *  1 i i i mil  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  1 i itmu  10 *  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  LORNEX RUN 23  10  O z  cn tn < Q_ 00  | f  Ul 1  ZD  o  10  10  A  10  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  size distributions  lornex run 2 4  u> Ul  10  2  10  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  1  -\ 10  1—I—I i h l l l  10.  1—I—i I llll| 8  10  LORNEX RUN 2 7  1—I—I I  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  I I l>i 10  4  1—I—i I l I I\\ 10  5  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  LORNEX RUN 28  OO  10  10  2  10  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  10  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS  2  S CR Ei  LORNEX RUN 5 n  i—•—*i  U h DERSIZ I  '  n 10  i  i i 1i 11111 10  2  1—i—» i 111 n 10  3  1—i—i i 1111 j 10  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  4  Fl!ESH Fl :EI>  1—i—i  I I I I I  10  APPENDIX VI.  AFTON MINES*  ADJUSTED FULL-SCALE & 60CM DATA  SIZE DISTRIBUTION PLOTS  362  HASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT  AFTON HINES  RUN fl  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIHATES OF NETWORKS i i, 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOH RATES  HATER FLOH RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .31  .30  .77  2.00  .00  .02  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .83  .80  3.02  15.00  .00  .27  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  70.90  65.22  8.01  20.00  .00  64.69  100.00  .00  .17  .18  5.45  5.00  .00  -.06  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  61.20  65.04  6.27  20.00  .00  64.75  100.00  .00  HILL HATER  .00  .32  100.00  .00  .32  .32  .99  5.00  SUHP HATER  .00  64.42  100.00  .00  58.80  64.42  9.55  30.00  STREAHS  SCR OVERSIZE  SOLID FLOH RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .29  100.00  .00  99.00  93.90  5.15  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .53  100.00  .00  59.54  65.93  10.73  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .53  100.00  .00  1.00  .81  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .24  100.00  .00  96.00  135.92  41.58  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .29  100.00  .00  .42  .44  4.38  20.00  STREAHS  363  18.92 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  SCREEN FEED HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  10.81  10.27  5.00  5.00  21.53  22.29  3.51  5.00  6700  22. OB  20.64  6.52  5.00  43.19  44.79  3.72  5.00  4570  12.28  12.23  .40  5.00  26.33  26.09  .92  5.00  3350  2.72  3.41  25.46  5.00  6.96  4.85  30.37  5.00  2360  2.73  2.77  1.46  5.00  1.43  1.42  .42  5.00  1700  1.58  1.51  4.16  5.00  .32  .32  .37  5.00  1180  .98  .96  1.81  5.00  .06  .06  .05  5.00  850  1.09  1.03  5.36  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  1.31  1.18  9.81  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.50  1.25  16.60  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  1.35  1.41  4.18  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  1.75  1.76  .63  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  2.26  2.24  .67  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  2.46  2.66  8.22  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  2.93  3.16  7.94  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  3.42  3.75  9.65  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.20  3.41  6.64  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  ,00  -38  25.55  26.34  3.07  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  364  SCR U/FLOH  STREAM MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  4570  .33  .39  .07  5.00  3350  2.49  2.19  12.17  5.00  2360  3.94  3.92  .51  5.00  1700  2.44  2.53  3.85  5.00  1180  1.70  1.73  1.96  5.00  850  1.82  1.91  5.11  5.00  600  2.02  2.19  8.47  5.00  425  2.06  2.32  12.62  5.00  300  2.72  2.61  4.11  5.00  212  3.27  3.27  .12  5.00  150  4.11  4.16  1.30  5.00  106  5.42  4.94  8.91  5.00  75  6.40  5.87  8.35  5.00  53  7.78  6.95  10.61  5.00  38  6.77  6.33  6.51  5.00  -38  46.67  48.69  4.32  5.00  365  MASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  AFTON NINES  RUN § 2  RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS  1 it 2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .29  .28  2.70  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .77  .78  2.20  15.00  .00  .30  100.00  .00  66.BS  62.18  6.76  20.00  .00  61.70  100.00  .00  .19  .20  2.93  5.00  .00  -.01  100.00  .00  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  58.50  61.98  5.95  20.00  .00  61.71  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .30  100.00  .00  .30  .30  .31  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  61.40  100.00  .00  63.60  61.40  3.46  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  STREAHS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .27  100.00  .00  99.00  96.27  2.75  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .48  100.00  .00  58.72  61.43  4.62  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .48  100.00  .00  1.00  22.66  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .21  100.00  .00  93.00  106.75  14.79  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .27  100.00  .00  .44  .43  1.42  20.00  366  .77  STREAMS  SCR  SCREEN FEED MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  OVERSIZE  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  10.55  9.58  9.22  5.00  20.30  21.72  6.99  5.00  6700  19.16  18.89  1.41  5.00  43.00  42.84  .37  5.00  4570  11.63  11.48  1.26  5.00  26.00  26.04  .17  5.00  3350  3.91  4.62  18.04  5.00  7.90  6.60  16.40  5.00  2360  2.43  2.44  .58  5.00  2.13  2.12  .31  5.00  1700  1.31  1.33  1.50  5.00  .21  .21  .11  5.00  1180  1.15  1.04  9.97  5.00  .10  .10  .38  5.00  850  .B7  .92  5.83  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  1.02  1.03  .78  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.55  1.32  14.75  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  1.46  1.55  5.84  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  1.81  1.77  2.41  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  2.77  2.69  2.93  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  3.12  3.09  1.03  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  3.61  4.00  10.67  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  4.34  4.34  .10  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  4.05  4.04  .17  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -3B  25.26  25.89  2.51  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  367  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  3500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  4570  .00  .00  100.00  .00  3350  3.32  3.05  8.24  5.00  2360  2.70  2.70  .10  5.00  1700  2.24  2.21  1.21  5.00  1180  1.64  1.77  8.10  5.00  850  1.76  1.65  6.42  5.00  600  1.85  1.84  .61  5.00  425  2.12  2.36  11.49  5.00  300  2.95  2.76  6.31  5.00  212  3.08  3.16  2.59  5.00  150  4.66  4.81  3.21  5.00  106  5.44  5.52  1.53  5.00  75  8.19  7.15  12.74  5.00  53  7.69  7.76  .85  5.00  38  7.17  7.23  .86  5.00  -38  45.19  46.03  1.86  5.00  368  RELAT. ST.DEV.  MASS BALANCE OF 60CM CIRCUIT  AFTON NINES  RUN »8  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 It 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .88  .63  7.78  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  2.04  1.95  4.37  10.00  .00  .50  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  61.70  56.41  8.57  20.00  .00  54.96  100.00  .00  .54  .58  6.84  5.00  .00  -.27  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  57.30  55.83  2.56  20.00  .00  55.22  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  .75  100.00  .00  .73  .75  2.12  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  54.46  100.00  .00  60.00  54.46  9.23  30.00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SCR OVERSIZE  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .61  100.00  .00  99.00  97.62  1.40  2.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  1.45  100.00  .00  56.23  74.56  32.60  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  1.45  100.00  .00  1.00  2.58  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .84  100.00  .00  36.00  145.79  51.86  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .61  100.00  .00  1.23  T.09  11.12  20.00  STREAHS  369  157.86 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  SCREEN FEED HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  5.10  4.04  20.77  5.00  6.05  6.96  15.07  5.00  6700  21.56  22.47  4.21  5.00  38.50  38.71  .55  5.00  4570  20.85  22.33  7.12  5.00  39.85  37.79  2.74  5.00  3350  10.49  10.88  3.69  5.00  13.37  13.23  1.02  5.00  2360  5.26  4.88  7.15  5.00  2.76  2.83  2.53  5.00  1700  2.65  2.38  10.30  5.00  .47  .48  1.12  5.00  1180  1.64  1.33  18.93  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  850  1.95  1.61  17.62  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  2.10  1.74  17.30  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.34  1.43  7.04  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  1.61  1.77  10.07  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  1.43  1.58  10.15  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  1.79  1.93  7.63  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  1.57  1.74  10.52  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  1.75  1.99  13.98  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  2.22  2.25  1.52  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  1.97  2.08  5.73  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  14.72  13.57  7.79  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  370  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  4570  .36  .36  .12  5.00  3350  7.69  7.62  .96  5.00  2360  7.40  7.73  4.39  5.00  1700  4.65  5.01  7.69  5.00  1180  2.73  3.17  13.57  5.00  850  3.39  3.83  12.93  5.00  600  3.67  4.14  12.77  5.00  425  3.72  3.42  8.11  5.00  300  4.83  4.22  12.56  5.00  212  4.30  3.75  12.70  5.00  150  5.04  4.59  8.90  5.00  106  4.77  4.14  13.31  5.00  75  5.92  4.75  19.70  5.00  53  5.45  5.37  1.44  5.00  38  5.30  4.36  6.34  5.00  -38  30.12  32.35  7.39  5.00  371  RELAT. ST.DEV.  MASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  AFTON NINES  RUN I S  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 * 2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .64  .63  .90  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.98  1.89  4.63  15.00  .00  .60  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  64.35  64.37  .03  20.00  .00  63.08  100.00  .00  .54  .56  2.98  5.00  .00  -.10  100.00  .00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  64.50  63.81  1.07  20.00  .00  63.18  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  .70  100.00  .00  .71  .70  1.28  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  62.48  100.00  .00  58.80  62.48  6.26  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .63  100.00  .00  99.00  99.04  .04  2.00  HILL  DISCH.  .00  1.23  100.00  .00  87.00  68.15  21.67  15.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  1.29  100.00  .00  1.00  2.00  99.93  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .66  100.00  .00  94.00  118.33  25.89  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .63  100.00  .00  .96  .98  2.06  20.00  STREAMS  372  ESTIMATES  STREAHS  OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  SCREEN FEED HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  3.22  3.33  3.38  5.00  5.16  6.47  25.46  10.00  6700  15.97  24.53  53.59  5.00  44.02  47.70  8.37  10.00  4570  13.49  19.95  47.87  5.00  41.72  38.12  8.63  10.00  3350  6.23  7.96  27.75  5.00  8.21  6.82  16.98  10.00  2360  3.46  3.89  12.56  5.00  .67  .67  .25  10.00  1700  1.87  2.01  7.38  5.00  .22  .22  .23  10.00  1180  1.22  1.30  6.38  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  850  .38  1.14  16.35  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  .11  .12  6.72  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.42  1.56  10.15  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  2.77  2.67  3.64  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  1.58  1.89  19.74  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  1.76  1.99  13.25  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  1.80  2.08  15.53  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  1.68  1.94  15.62  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  1.83  2.11  15.28.  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  1.40  1.62  15.71  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  39.21  19.91  49.22  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  373  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  3500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  4570  .72  .72  3350  10.76  9.17  14.79  5.00  2360  7.92  7.31  7.72  5.00  1700  4.09  3.90  4.62  5.00  1180  2.81  2.67  4.93  5.00  850  3.01  2.35  22.03  5.00  600  3.20  .24  92.45  5.00  425  3.56  3.22  9.56  5.00  300  5.12  5.49  7.31  5.00  212  5.48  3.89  28.94  5.00  150  4.75  4.10  13.63  5.00  106  5.20  4.28  17.69  5.00  75  4.89  4.00  18.24  5.00  53  5.24  4.34  17.13  5.00  38  4.13  3.33  19.26  5.00  29.12  40.98  40.73  5.00  -3B  .67  374  RELAT. ST.DEV.  5.00  MASS B A L A N C E O F A F T O N N I N E S S A G C I R C U I T  MASS B A L A N C E  JUNE 1986  RUN  tl  RESULTS  E S T I M A T E S OF NETWORKS 1 fc 2 V A R I A B L E S  P U L P FLOW R A T E S  WATER FLOW R A T E S  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  2.97  3.04  2.27  5.00  .00  -.02  100.00  .00  H I L L DISCH.  .00  4.40  100.00  .00  .00  1.19  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  5.18  100.00  .00  .00  1.97  100.00  .00  SCR O V E R S I Z E  .00  .19  100.00  .00  .00  .04  100.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  4.99  100.00  .00  .00  1.94  100.00  .00  H I L L WATER  .00  1.17  100.00  .00  1.13  1.17  .92  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  .79  100.00  .00  1.00  .79  21.46  20.00  STREAHS  FRESH FEED  .  S O L I D FLOW R A T E S  PULP PERCENT  •  .00  SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  3.06  100.00  .00  98.85  100.58  1.75  3.00  H I L L DISCH.  .00  3.21  100.00  .00  71.13  72.98  2.60  5.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  3.21  100.00  .00  63.48  61.92  2.46  5.00  SCR O V E R S I Z E  .00  .15  100.00  .00  80.91  80.87  .05  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  3.06  100.00  .00  63.67  61.20  3.88  5.00  STREAMS  375  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  HILL DISCH. HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCREEN RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  FEED RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  19000  .00  .08  100.00  20.00  .08  .08  4.81  20.00  13200  .10  .17  72.91  20.00  .28  .17  38.25  20.00  9500  .50  1.30  159.93  20.00  1.27  1.30  2.34  20.00  6700  .60  1.42  136.29  20.00  1.13  1.42  25.46  20.00  4750  1.29  2.27  75.91  20.00  1.92  2.27  18.19  20.00  3350  1.61  2.14  33.11  20.00  1.92  2.14  11.62  20.00  2360  2.39  2.50  4.54  5.00  2.50  2.50  .06  5.00  1700  2.50  2.55  2.10  5.00  2.53  2.55  .89  5.00  1180  3.36  3.26  3.10  5.00  3.13  3.26  4.02  5.00  850  3.90  3.83  1.77  5.00  3.77  3.83  1.61  5.00  600  4.94  4.73  4.15  5.00  4.57  4.73  3.61  5.00  425  4.74  4.63  2.26  5.00  4.42  4.63  4.82  5.00  300  7.52  7.20  4.21  5.00  7.22  7.20  .23  5.00  212  5.04  4.90  2.70  5.00  4.93  4.90  .53  5.00  150  6.68  6.60  1.17  5.00  6.52  6.60  1.26  5.00  106  5.38  5.64  4.01  5.00  5.82  5.64  3.02  5.00  75  5.29  5.17  2.19  5.00  5.22  5.17  .88  5.00  53  7.15  6.69  6.45  5.00  6.97  6.69  4.03  5.00  38  3.88  3.88  .08  5.00  3.85  3.8B  .86  5.00  -38  32.63  31.01  4.97  5.00  3t.95  2.95  5.00  376  31.01  STREAHS  SCR HEAS. VALUES  OVERSIZE  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  U/FLOH  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  19000  1.63  1.76  8.02  15.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13200  7.45  2.27  69.59  15.00  .07  .07  2.48  5.00  9500  17.26  11.04  36.01  15.00  1.01  .81  19.56  5.00  6700  12.48  12.24  1.96  15.00  1.04  .88  15.69  5.00  4750  11.81  18.37  55.52  15.00  1.57  1.46  6.73  5.00  3350  7.38  10.55  42.93  15.00  1.78  1.72  3.21  5.00  2360  5.00  5.16  3.18  5.00  2.49  2.37  5.00  5.00  1700  2.64  2.63  1.77  5.00  2.64  2.55  3.57  5.00  1180  2.04  2.07  1.44  5.00  3.38  3.32  1.92  5.00  850  1.64  1.66  1.13  5.00  3.97  3.94  .77  5.00  600  1.65  1.67  1.20  5.00  4.33  4.89  .85  5.00  425  1.49  1.51  1.04  5.00  4.99  4.79  4.02  5.00  300  2.39  2.43  1.80  5.00  7.26  7.44  2.50  5.00  212  1.61  1.53  1.22  5.00  4.97  5.07  1.96  5.00  150  2.10  2.13  1.52  5.00  6.94  6.83  1.65  5.00  106  2.02  2.05  1.58  5.00  5.54  5.82  5.12  5.00  75  1.99  2.02  1.50  5.00  5.24  5.33  1.75  5.00  53  2.66  2.72  2.12  5.00  6.40  6.89  7.62  5.00  38  1.62  1.64  1.16  5.00  4.07  4.00  1.84  5.00  -38  13.11  14.38  9.67  5.00  31.68  31.81  .41  5.00  377  MASS BALANCE OF AFTON MINES SAG CIRCUIT  AUG 1386  RUN 88  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS 1 h 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  4.92  5.09  3.51  5.00  .00  -.11  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  8.50  100.00  .00  .00  2.63  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  9.37  100.00  .00  .00  3.57  100.00  .00  SCR  .00  .72  100.00  .00  .00  .12  100.OO  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  8.65  100.00  .00  .00  3.45  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  2.68  100.00  .00  2.75  2.58  2.53  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  .88  100.00  .00  1.00  .88  12.02  20.00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  OVERSIZE  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  5.21  100.00  .00  99.02  102.22  3.23  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  5.81  100.00  .00  72.55  68.37  5.76  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  5.81  100.00  .00  63.74  61.95  2.80  5.00  SCR  .00  .60  100.00  .00  82.93  83.24  .37  5.00  .00  5.21  100.00  .00  62.36  60.17  3.51  5.00  STREAHS  OVERSIZE  SCR U/FLOW  378  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  SCREEN  HILL DISCH.  STREAHS HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  FEED RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  19000  .00  .52  100.00  20.00  .00  .52  100.00  20.00  13200  2.94  1.10  62.73  20.00  .73  1.10  50.08  20.00  9500  3.52  2.81  20.08  20.00  2.05  2.81  37.22  20,00  6700  2.81  2.58  9.36  20.00  2.52  2.58  2.18  20.00  4750  4.66  3.41  26.72  20.00  3.52  3.41  2.99  20.00  3350  4.09  3.45  15.68  20.00  3.56  3.45  3.13  20.00  2360  4.85  4.86  .23  5.00  4.94  4.86  1.54  5.00  1700  4.93  4.99  1.16  5.00  5.06  4.99  1.44  5.00  HBO  5.92  6.07  2.51  5.00  6.31  6.07  3.82  5.00  850  5.06  5.41  6.87  5.00  6.08  5.41  11.06  5.00  600  6.28  6.32  .64  5.00  6.04  6.32  4.64  5.00  425  5.95  6.00  .30  5.00  5.69  6.00  5.51  5.00  300  5.57  5.88  5.60  5.00  6.11  5.88  3.73  5.00  212  4.39  4.61  5.03  5.00  4.63  4.61  .41  5.00  150  4.43  4.76  7.49  5.00  4.72  4.76  .88  5.00  106  3.49  3.48  .41  5.00  3.35  3.48  3.76  5.00  75  3.15  3.25  3.26  5.00  3.58  3.25  9.14  5.00  53  4.25  4.14  2.57  5.00  4.03  4.14  2.75  5.00  38  2.21  2.35  6.38  5.00  2.38  2.35  1.21  5.00  -38  18.54  21.04  13.50  5.00  20.76  20.06  3.36  5.00  379  STREAHS  SCR MEAS. VALUES  OVERSIZE  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  U/FLOH  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13000  4.84  5.04  -4.12  15.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13200  14.66  10.56  27.96  15.00  .00  .00  100.OO  .00  9500  26.26  27.12  3.27  15.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6700  13.97  15.87  13.61  15.00  1.03  1.04  .60  5.00  4750  8.75  9.70  10.81  15.00  2.63  2.69  2.19  5.00  3350  3.71  3.86  4.18  15.00  3.32  3.40  2.42  5.00  2360  2.74  2.75  .33  5.00  4.94  5.11  3.41  5.00  1700  1.68  1.68  .17  5.00  5.23  5.37  2.67  5.00  1180  1.64  1.64  .19  5.00  6.33  6.58  3.97  5.00  850  1.27  1.27  .18  5.00  5.61  5.83  4.92  5.00  600  1.62  1.62  .01  5.00  7.02  6.86  2.22  5.00  425  1.60  1.60  .03  5.00  6.76  6.51  3.65  5.00  300  1.63  1.63  .09  5.00  6.33  6.37  .70  5.00  212  1.31  1.31  .02  5.00  5.12  4.39  2.48  5.00  150  1.49  1.49  .15  5.00  5.51  5.14  6.71  5.00  106  1.22  1.22  .01  5.00  3.80  3.74  1.66  5.00  75  1.03  1.03  .26  5.00  3.31  3.51  6.04  5.00  53  1.60  1.60  .14  5.00  4.36  4.43  38  .86  .86  .13  5.00  2.64  2.52  4.40  5.00  -38  7.47  7.49  .27  5.00  22.60  22.38  .38  5.00  380  5.00  HASS BALANCE OF AFTON MINES SAG CIRCUIT  AUG 1986  RUN *9  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 4 2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  4.97  5.11  2.87  5.00  .00  -.05  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  8.73  100.00  .00  .00  2.77  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  9.59  100.00  .00  .00  3.62  100.00  .00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .99  100.00  .00  .00  .19  100.00  .00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  B.59  100.00  .00  .00  3.43  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  2.62  100.00  .00  2.68  2.62  2.10  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  .86  100.00  .00  1.00  .86  14.36  25.00  STREAMS  FRESH FEED  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  5.16  100.00  .00  98.40  100.99  2.63  3.00  HILL  DISCH.  .00  5.36  100.00  .00  72.94  68.30  6.36  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  5.96  100.00  .00  63.41  62.20  1.91  5.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .80  100.00  .00  80.14  80.47  .42  5.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  5.16  100.00  .00  61.93  60.09  2.98  5.00  STREAMS  381  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  HILL DISCH. HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCREEN RELAT.  HEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  FEED RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  19000  .49  .42  13.97  20.00  .00  11.44  100.00  20.00  13200  1.87  1.40  25.08  20.00  1.12  1.40  25.10  20.00  9500  3.47  3.16  8.93  20.00  2.57  3.16  22.97  20.00  6700  3.75  3.08  17.78  20.00  2.56  3.08  20.44  20.00  4750  4.54  3.67  19.26  20.00  3.69  3.67  .66  20.00  3350  3.96  3.51  11.33  20.00  3.79  3.51  7.35  20.00  2360  5.24  5.09  2.83  5.00  4.99  5.09  2.04  5.00  1700  5.25  5.00  4.73  5.00  5.11  5.00  2.12  5.00  1180  6.25  6.13  1.85  5.00  6.52  6.13  5.91  5.00  850  5.27  5.46  3.59  5.00  5.92  5.46  7.78  5.00  600  6.43  5.93  7.76  5.00  6.04  5.93  1.80  5.00  425  5.30  5.48  7.08  5.00  5.56  5.48  1.40  5.00  300  5.49  5.61  2.24  5.00  5.95  5.61  5.66  5.00  212  4.20  4.28  1.81  5.00  4.45  4.28  3.91  5.00  150  4.25  4.42  3.89  5.00  4.39  4.42  .57  5.00  106  3.32  3.27  1.50  5.00  3.41  3.27  4.10  5.00  75  2.66  2.83  6.35  5.00  3.10  2.83  8.75  5.00  53  3.93  3.96  .75  5.00  4.19  3.96  5.50  5.00  38  2.14  2.16  1.16  5.00  2.32  2.16  6.69  5.00  -38  18.28  21.82  19.36  5.00  20.03  9.82  50.98  5.00  382  SCR OVERSIZE  STREAHS HEAS.  SCR U/FLOH  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES  ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES  ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  19000  2.93  3.14  7.15  15.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13200  10.38  10.44  4.04  15.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  23.33  22.39  4.03  15.00  .18  .18  .24  5.00  6700  14.89  15.03  .94  15.00  1.25  1.23  1.48  5.00  4750  3.88  10.51  6.34  15.00  2.66  2.61  2.05  5.00  4.76  4.91  3.19  15.00  3.38  3.23  2.54  5.00  2360  3.33  3.34  .17  5.00  5.65  5.36  5.07  5.00  1700  2.12  2.13  .45  5.00  5.41  5.45  .69  5.00  1180  2.00  2.01  .39  5.00  6.76  6.77  .21  5.00  850  1.58  1.58  .19  5.00  6.24  6.06  2.38  5.00  600  1.99  2.00  .47  5.00  6.42  6.54  1.88  5.00  425  1.96  1.97  .45  5.00  5.34  6.03  1.46  5.00  300  1.96  1.96  .21  5.00  6.40  6.18  3.46  5.00  212  1.58  1.58  .15  5.00  4.84  4.69  3.02  5.00  150  1.72  1.72  .18  5.00  5.39  4.83  10.33  5.00  106  1.32  1.32  .34  5.00  3.52  3.57  1.48  5.00  75  1.47  1.47  .14  5.00  3.10  3.04  1.36  5.00  53  1.61  1.61  .30  5.00  4.33  4.32  .17  5.00  38  1.01  1.01  .35  5.00  2.29  2.34  .2.33  5.00  -38  3.01  9.20  2.11  5.00  21.32  22.57  5.88  5.00  3350  •  383  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS (ADJUSTED)  1 H—i 10  AFTON MINES RUN #1  i M i i u i — i i i i i m i — i i i n u n — i i i m i l l — i i i mill 10  2  10  3  10  4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  5  10  6  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS (ADJUSTED)  AFTON MINES RUN #8  10 10 PARTICLE SIZE (microns) 3  4  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS (ADJUSTED)  AFTON MINES RUN #9  UJ  o  10  10  10 10 PARTICLE SIZE (microns) 3  4  10  10  6  THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY BLANK.  391  APPENDIX VII  ISLAND COPPER MINES:  ADJUSTED FULL SCALE AND 60CM DATA;  DISTRIBUTION PLOTS  392  SIZE  MASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  ISLAND COPPER  RUN #4  RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS  1 &2  VARIABLES  HATER FLOH RATES  PULP FLOH RATES HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .22  .22  .80  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  HILL  DISCH.  .66  .60  9.59  15.00  .00  .24  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  69.70  61.52  11.73  20.00  .00  61.17  100.00  .00  .14  .14  .93  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOH  58.20  61.39  5.48  20.00  .00  61.16  100.00  .00  HILL HATER  .00  .23  100.00  .00  .23  .23  1.64  10.00  SUMP HATER  .00  60.93  100.00  .00  67.32  60.93  10.23  30.00  STREAMS  SCR  OVERSIZE  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  SOLID FLOH RATES HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .22  100.00  .00  99.00  99.06  .06  2.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .36  100.00  .00  59.14  53.69  .93  15.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .36  100.00  .00  1.00  .58  42.11  1000.00  STREAHS  333  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .13 100.00  .00  95.00  97.36  2.49  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .22 100.00  .00  .39  .36  7.41  20.00  394  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  SCREEN FEED MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  8.89  9.00  1.24  5.00  25.00  23.83  4.67  10.00  6700  16.82  16.99  .98  5.00  46.37  44.98  3.00  10.00  4570  10.32  9.95  3.56  5.00  23.38  26.36  12.73  10.00  3350  4.37  4.62  5.63  5.00  4.74  4.31  9.12  10.00  2360  2.70  2.26  16.13  5.00  .36  .37  3.26  10.00  1700  1.34  1.31  1.99  5.00  .10  .10  .23  10.00  1180  1.21  1.16  4.30  5.00  .05  .05  .27  10.00  850  1.03  1.12  8.91  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  1.24  1.30  4.95  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.85  1.83  1.00  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  1.50  1.63  12.45  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  1.71  1.67  2.36  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  2.44  2.44  .10  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  3.69  3.23  10.90  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  3.94  3.96  .55  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  5.56  5.11  8.02  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  4.00  4.17  4.13  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -33  27.39  28.13  2.69  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  395  SCR U/FLOU  STREAM MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES  ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  4570  .00  .00  100.00  .00  3350  4.99  4.80  3.74  5.00  2360  3.06  3.41  11.53  5.00  1700  2.01  2.05  1.96  5.00  1180  1.76  1.83  3.98  5.00  850  2.02  1.80  10.77  5.00  600  2.21  2.03  5.38  5.00  425  2.91  2.34  1.13  5.00  300  3.25  2.71  16.61  5.00  212  2.62  2.68  2.39  5.00  150  3.92  3.92  .11  5.00  106  4.84  5.2B  9.15  5.00  75  6.38  6.37  .23  5.00  53  7.66  8.22  7.27  5.00  38  6.38  6.69  4.12  5.00  -38  45.39  45.19  .43  5.00  396  HASS BALANCE OF 60CN CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  ISLAND COPPER  RUN 15  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  I k 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .31  .31  1.40  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .95  .95  .26  15.00  .00  .35  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  71.89  62.53  13.02  20.00  .00  61.34  100.00  .00  2.20  5.00  .00  -.02  100.00  .00  3.25  20.00  .00  61.95  100.00  .00  100.00  .00  .30  10.00  100.00  .00  3.67  30.00  STREAMS  .27  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOH  60.30  MILL WATER  .00  SUMP WATER  .00  .27 62.26 .37 61.58  .37 59.40  SOLID FLOW RATES  .37 61.58  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .31  100.00  .00  99.00  98.77  .23  2.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  .59  100.00  .00  61.78  62.70  1.49  15.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .59  100.00  .00  1.00  .95  4.89  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .29  100.00  .00  96.00  106.29  10.72  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .31  100.00  .00  .52  .49  5.54  20.00  STREAMS  337  ESTIMATES  STREAMS  OF NETWORK 3 MASS  SCREEN FEED MEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  FRACTIONS  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  10.01  9.38  6.25  5.00  17.41  19.32  10.96  10.00  6700  22.10  21.02  4.89  5.00  46.59  43.27  7.14  10.00  4570  14.81  14.04  5.22  5.00  28.09  28.89  2.86  10.00  3350  6.34  5.98  5.65  5.00  6.38  6.85  7.34  10.00  2360  3.60  2.87  20.28  5.00  1.15  1.29  11.92  10.00  1700  2.03  1.71  15.91  5.00  .17  .17  2.49  10.00  1180  1.12  1.05  5.92  5.00  .07  .07  .68  10.00  850  1.13  .99  12.63  5.00  .14  .14  2.96  10.00  600  1.39  1.21  13.13  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425  1.23  1.24  1.18  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  1.51  1.56  3.09  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  1.73  1.75  1.37  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  ,00  150  2.35  2.12  9.65  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  2.66  2.88  8.44  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  2.57  2.59  .64  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  3.35  3.24  3.16  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  2.85  2.93  2.97  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  13.22  23.42  21.88  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  398  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  3500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  4570  .00  .00  100.00  .00  3350  4.93  5.16  4.72  5.00  2360  3.86  4.37  13.10  5.00  1700  2.80  3.16  12.68  5.00  1180  1.87  1.98  6.02  5.00  850  1.62  1.78  10.12  5.00  600  2.11  2.35  11.30  5.00  425  2.42  2.42  .01  5.00  300  3.08  3.03  1.71  5.00  212  3.40  3.41  .31  5.00  150  3.76  4.13  9.82  5.00  106  6.02  5.61  6.82  5.00  75  4.94  5.03  1.83  5.00  53  5.96  6.31  5.86  5.00  38  5.72  5.71  .22  5.00  -38  47.51  45.56  4.11  5.00  399  HASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT  MASS BALANCE  ISLAND COPPER  RUN #6  RESULTS  ESTIMATES  OF NETWORKS  1 fc 2  VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RE5ID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  .32  .30  5.59  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  1.27  1.15  3.63  15.00  .00  .35  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  62.80  57.83  7.92  20.00  .00  57.03  100.00  .00  .38  .40  5.97  5.00  .00  -.10  100.00  .00  STREAHS  FRESH FEED  SCR  OVERSIZE  SCR  U/FLOW  56.40  57.42  1.81  20.00  .00  57.13  100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00  .44  100.00  .00  .43  .44  2.43  10.00  SUMP WATER  .00  56.68  100.00  .00  56.40  56.68  .49  30.00  SOLID FLOWRATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .30  100.00  .00  99.00  98.11  .90  2.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .80  100.00  .00  64.95  69.53  7.06  15.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .80  100.00  .00  1.00  1.38  38.13  1000.00  SCR  OVERSIZE  .00  .50  100.00  .00  80.00  124.33  55.41  10.00  SCR  U/FLOW  .00  .30  100.00  .00  .54  .51  4.71  20.00  STREAMS  400  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  SCREEN FEED HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  9500  8.66  8.71  6700  32.31  4570  .00 100.00  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  .57  5.00  13.29  13.82  4.01  10.00  33.29  3.04  5.00  47.60  52.84  11.00  10.00  14.38  15.30  6.40  5.00  29.51  23.83  19.26  10.00  3350  7.53  7.79  3.44  5.00  3.11  7.66  5.55  10.00  2360 *  3.69  1.81  51.00  5.00  1.02  1.39  36.01  10.00  1700  1.90  2.26  18.74  5.00  .24  .23  5.85  10.00  1180  1.09  1.00  8.25  5.00  .23  .24  4.49  10.00  850  .76  .79  4.01  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  .87  .84  2.88  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  .81  .86  6.59  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  1.17  1.06  9.00  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  1.21  1.25  3.66  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  1.73  1.65  4.45  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  1.85  1.84  .33  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  2.03  2.07  2.08  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  2.57  2.62  1.82  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  2.11  2.28  7.83  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  15.33  14.57  4.98  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  401  .00 100.00  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4570  .78  .78  .07  5.00  3350  8.07  8.01  .75  5.00  2360  2.26  2.53  11.73  5.00  1700  8.00  5.71  28.58  5.00  1180  2.16  2.29  6.21  5.00  850  2.23  2.14  4.18  5.00  600  2.22  2.28  2.89  5.00  425  2.52  2.33  7.39  5.00  300  2.67  2.88  7.80  5.00  212  3.52  3.39  3.67  5.00  150  4.28  4.47  4.40  5.00  106  4.95  4.98  .70  5.00  75  5.70  5.60  1.73  5.00  53  7.17  7.07  1.34  5.00  38  6.74  6.15  8.75  5.00  -38  36.73  39.38  7.20  5.00  402  MASS B A L A N C E O F 6 0 C H C I R C U I T  MASS B A L A N C E  I S L A N D COPPER  RUN 1 7  RESULTS  E S T I M A T E S OF NETWORKS 1 fc 2 V A R I A B L E S  PULP FLOH  RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .37  .36  3.49  5.00  .00  .01  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.35  1.29  4.21  15.00  .00  .41  100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  69.70  61.42  11.88  20.00  .00  60.53  100.00  .00  .42  .44  4.18  5.00  .00  -.10  100.00  .00  SCR U / F L O H  58.80  60.98  3.71  20.00  .00  60.63  100.00  .00  MILL HATER  .00  .50  100.00  .00  .49  .50  1.73  10.00  SUMP H A T E R  .00  60.12  100.00  .00  62.40  60.12  3.65  30.00  STREAMS  SCR O V E R S I Z E  SOLID FLOH  WATER F L O H R A T E S  RATES  PULP PERCENT  SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .35  100.00  .00  99.00  98.42  .58  2.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .89  100.00  .00  63.30  68.49  7.19  15.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .89  100.00  .00  1.00  1.44  SCR O V E R S I Z E  .00  .53  100.00  .00  38.00  122.10  24.59  10.00  SCR  .00  .35  100.00  .00  .62  .58  7.04  20.00  STREAHS  U/FLQU  403  44.21 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  SCREEN FEED  SCR OVERSIZE  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  9500  .00  7.33  6700  35.84  4570  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES  ST.DEV.  .00  .00  100.00  5.00  14.31  12.16  15.05  10.00  23.99  16.31  5.00  45.17  43.73  10.09  10.00  18.54  17.58  5.16  5.00  31.12  29.15  6.33  10.00  3350  8.13  8.13  .60  5.00  3.06  7.61  5.64  10.00  2360  4.16  3.97  4.60  5.00  1.05  1.07.  1.88  10.00  1700  1.95  1.96  .38  5.00  .08  .08  .11  10.00  1180  1.04  1.03  1.39  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  850  1.00  .95  4.53  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  .30  .93  3.32  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  1.33  1.08  18.52  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  1.24  1.22  1.57  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  1.24  1.31  5.32  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  1.55  1.59  2.81  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  2.41  2.18  9.74  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  1.83  1.95  6.66  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  2.00  2.18  9.15  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  2.11  2.18  3.34  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  14,68  14.43  1.72  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  404  -  .00 100.00  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3500  .00  .00 100.OO  .00  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4570  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3350  8.31  8.33  .23  5.00  2360  8.09  8.37  3.52  5.00  1700  4.83  4.81  .39  5.00  1180  2.55  2.58  1.35  5.00  850  2.31  2.41  4.15  5.00  600  2.43  2.34  3.57  5.00  425  2.41  2.73  13.31  5.00  300  3.03  3.08  1.51  5.00  212  3.50  3.23  5.37  5.00  150  4.14  4.02  3.00  5.00  106  5.07  5.48  8.12  5.00  75  5.33  4.92  7.71  5.00  53  6.20  5.50  11.27  5.00  38  5.70  5.49  3.60  5.00  -38  35.50  36.04  1.52  5.00  405  HASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT ISLAND COPPER RUN i&B  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 * 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .26  .25  7.17  5.00  .00  .01 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .88  .73  16.63  10.00  .00  .14 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  73.80  51.25  30.55  15.00  .00  50.66 100.00  .00  .17  .22  27.93  10.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  47.70  51.04  6.99  15.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .27 100.00  .00  .26  .27  3.25  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  50.52 100.00  .00  55.50  50.52  8.98  30.00  SCR OVERSIZE  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAHS  -.14  100.00  50.80 100.00 .  .00 .00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .23 100.00  .00  99.00  95.77  3.26  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  .60 100.00  .00  53.64  31.19  51.37  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .60 100.00  .00  1.00  1.16  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .36 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .23 100.00  .00  406  85.00 166.65 .49  .46  16.09 1000.00 96.06  10.00  6.15 . 10.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HAS3 FRACTIONS  STREAHS  SCREEN FEED HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES  13200  .00  3500  7.77  6700  SCR OVERSIZE ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES  VALUES  .00 100.00  .00  .00  8.62  10.97  5.00  16.04  14.24  11.23  5.00  26.77  29.42  3.92  5.00  50.34  48.59  3.48  5.00  4570  17.26  16.01  7.24  5.00  24.07  26.44  9.85  5.00  3350  7.09  5.81  18.11  5.00  8.39  9.59  14.28  5.00  2360  4.01  4.49  12.02  5.00  1.03  1.01  1.71  5.00  1700  1.42  1.51  6.02  5.00  .11  .11  .27  5.00  1180  1.08  1.09  1.26  5.00  .04  .04  .02  5.00  850  .33  .82  1.50  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  1.07  1.02  4.36  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  .92  .90  2.21  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  1.47  1.41  4.03  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  1.13  1.33  17.53  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  1.80  1.52  15.57  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  1.80  1.76  2.41  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  2.35  2.69  14.29  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  2.33  2.94  3.81  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  3.07  2.85  7.32  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  17.34  15.33  8.71  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  407  .00 100.00  ST.DEV.  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4570  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3350  .00  .00 100.00  .00  2360  • 11.23  9.33  12.43  5.00  1700  3.89  3.65  6.21  5.00  1180  2.74  2.71  1.05  5.00  850  2.04  2.07  1.61  5.00  600  2.49  2.59  4.19  5.00  425  2.23  2.28  2.28  5.00  300  3.44  3.58  3.98  5.00  212  4.72  3.37  28.63  5.00  150  3.44  3.85  12.00  5.00  106  4.34  4.45  2.62  5.00  75  8.48  6.81  19.70  5.00  53  7.72  7.45  3.52  5.00  38  6.75  7.21  6.86  5.00  -38  36.48  40.13  9.99  5.00  408  MASS BALANCE OF ISLAND COPPER 14 CIRCUIT  RUN #4  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1  2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES  WATER FLOW RATES  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  STREAHS  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  295.00  287.92  2.40  5.00  .00  9.36  100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  .00  904.55  100.00  .00  .00  258.00  100.00  .00  CYCLONE FD.  .00  980,2b  100.00  .00  .00  333.81  100.00  .00  CYCLONE U/F  .00  481.49  100.00  .00  .00  113.49  100.00  .00  CYCLONE O/F  .00  499.14  100.00  .00  .00  220.58  100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  135.15  100.00  .00  132.75  135.15  1.80  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  75.75  100.00  .00  70.00  75.75  8.22  15.00  SOLID FLOW RATES  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  278.56  100.00  .00  98.88  96.75  2.16  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00  646.55  100.00  .00  71.12  71.48  .50  5.00  CYCLONE FD.  .00  646.55  100.00  .00  65.00  65.95  CYCLONE U/F  .00  367.39  100.00  .00  76.63  76.43  .26  5.00  CYCLONE Q/F  .00  278.56  100.00  .00  51.90  55.81  7.53  5.00  STREAMS  409  1.46 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  CYCLONE FD. HEAS.  CYCLONE U/F  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00'  .00  .00 100.00  .00  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13200  .07  .02  71.36  10.00  .03  .04  17.41  10.00  9500  1.06  1.04  1.62  10.00  1.30  1.83  1.79  10.00  6700  1.09  1.20  9.85  10.00  2.39  2.10  11.98  10.00  4750  1.92  2.04  6.38  10.00  3.35  3.59  6.79  10.00  3350  2.07  2.16  4.43  10.00  3.97  3.80  4.33  10.00  2360  2.49  2.54  2.11  10.00  4.54  4.47  1.60  10.00  1700  2.40  2.42  .67  10.00  4.25  4.24  .12  10.00  1180  3.04  3.06  .52  10.00  5.36  5.37  .17  10.00  850  2.96  2.92  1.49  10.00  4.96  5.06  2.07  10.00  600  4.52  4.59  1.56  10.00  7.98  7.94  .54  10.00  425  5.70  5.67  .58  10.00  9.28  9.44  1.74  10.00  300  8.12  8.23  1.38  10.00  11.56  11.60  .38  10.00  212  7.54  7.59  .62  10.00  7.46  7.51  .62  10.00  150  9.20  8.71  5.37  10.00  6.70  6.91  3.03  10.00  106  6.24  6.44  3.22  10.00  4.35  4.32  .71  10.00  75  5.18  5.41  4.45  10.00  2.35  2.92  1.06  10.00  53  6.42  6.14  4.40  10.00  3.03  3.08  1.57  10.00  38  4.00  4.08  2.03  10.00  1.37  1.96  .32  10.00  -38  25.93  25.70  .88  10.00  13.08  13.33  1.94  10.00  410  STREAM  CYCLONE Q/F HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4750  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3350  .00  .00 100.00  .00  2360  .00  .00 100.00  .00  1700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  1180  .00  .00 100.00  .00  850  .08  .08  .02  10.00  600  .17  .17  .03  10.00  425  .68  .68  .02  10.00  300  3.79  3.78  .31  10.00  212  7.72  7.69  .34  10.00  150  10.80  11.08  2.62  10.00  106  9.45  9.24  2.18  10.00  75  9.01  8.70  3.41  10.00  53  9.90  10.18  2.33  10.00  38  6.99  6.88  1.59  10.00  -33  41.38  41.48  .24  10.00  411  MASS BALANCE OF ISLAND COPPER 14 CIRCUIT RUN 85  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 b 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS.  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  STREAMS  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  308.00 300.81  2.33  5.00  MILL DISCH.  .00 873.17 100.00  CYCLONE FD.  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  9.49 100.00  .00  .00  .00 245.75 100.00  .00  .00 949.07 100.00  .00  .00 321.65 100.00  .00  CYCLONE U/F  .00 431.42 100.00  .00  .00  35.32 100.00  .00  CYCLONE O/F  .00 517.90 100.00  .00  .00 226.58 100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00 140.93 100.00  .00  PBOX WATER  .00  .00  75.88 100.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAMS  .00  138.60 140.33 70.00  75.88  1.68  5.0O  8.40  15.00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00 291.32 100.00  .00  98.87  96.84  2.05  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00 627.42 100.00  .00  72.60  71.86  1.03  5.00  CYCLONE FD.  .00 627.42 100.00  .00  65.00  66.11  1.71 1000.00  CYCLONE U/F  .00 336.10 100.00  .00  77.50  77.91  .52  5.00  CYCLONE O/F  .00 291.32 100.00  .00  52.05  56.25  8.07  5.00  412  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  CYCLONE FD. HEAS.  CYCLONE U/F  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13200  .00  .05 100.00  10.00  .09  .09  .01  10.00  3500  .89  .92  2.99  10.00  1.77  1.71  3.32  10.00  6700  .92  1.04  13.12  10.00  2.38  1.94  18.37  10.00  4750  1.76  1.84  4.83  10.00  3.65  3.44  5.64  10.00  3350  1.85  1.88  1.76  10.00  3.59  3.51  2.11  10.00  2360  2.36  2.28  3.23  10.00  4.15  4.26  2.73  10.00  1700  2.41  2.29  5.00  10.00  4.10  4.27  4.24  10.00  1180  3.27  3.25  .55  10.00  5.57  5.57  .08  10.00  850  3.38  3.15  6.84  10.00  5.48  5.78  5.52  10.00  600  5.76  5.46  5.23  10.00  9.54  9.91  3.91  10.00  425  7.65  7.18  6.11  10.00  11.30  11.75  3.98  10.00  300  9.29  9.27  .23  10.00  11,67  11.59  .73  10.00  212  7.72  7.81  1.14  10.00  7.31  7.23  1.13  10.00  150  8.14  8.88  9.09  10,00  6.68  6.38  4.50  10.00  106  6.14  6.22  1.38  10.00  3.79  3.76  .75  10.00  75  5.24  5.30  1.19  10.00  2.76  2.74  .54  10.00  53  5.53  4.89  11.54  10.00  2.38  2.44  2.48  10.00  38  3.65  3.67  .59  10.00  1.85  1.84  .30  10.00  -38  24.01  24.58  2.36  10.00  11.89  11.71  1.53  10.00  413  STREAM  CYCLONE O/F MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4750  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3350  .00  .00 100.00  .00  2360  .00  .00 100.00  .00  1700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  1180  .00  .57 100.00  5.00  850  .11  .11  .02  5.00  600  .32  .32  .03  5.00  425  1.91  1.31  .15  5.00  300  6.60  6.60  .07  5.00  212  8.50  8.48  .26  5.00  150  11.97  11.76  1.72  5.00  106  9.10  9.07  .37  5.00  75  8.28  8.25  .33  5.00  53  7.59  7.72  1.73  5.00  38  5.79  5.78  .19  5.00  -38  39.82  39.42  1.01  5.00  414  MASS BALANCE OF ISLAND COPPER 14 CIRCUIT RUN #6  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1fc2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS.  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  STREAHS  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  3B7.00 380.OB  1.79  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00 568.45 100.00  CYCLONE FD.  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .00  10.97 100.00  .00  .00  .00 199.34 100.00  .00  .00 646.40 100.00  .00  .00 277.28 100.00  .00  CYCLONE U/F  .00 312.44 100.00  .00  .00 114.71 100.00  .00  CYCLONE O/F  .00 333.94 100.00  .00  .00 162.55 100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00 188.37 100.00  .00  PBOX WATER  .00  77.93 100.00  .00  185.00 188.37 75.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  77.93  1.82  5.00  3.91  15.00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00 369.11 100.00  .00  99.00  97.11  1.90  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00 369.11 100.00  .00  63.40  64.93  2.42  5.00  CYCLONE FD.  .00 369.11 100.00  .00  65.00  57.10  CYCLONE U/F  .00 197.73  100.00  .00  62.12  63.29  1.88  5.00  CYCLONE O/F  .00 171.38  100.00  .00  50.31  51.32  2.01  5.00  415  12.15 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  CYCLONE FD. HEAS.  CYCLONE U/F  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES  ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3500  .22  .27  20.60  10.00  .91  .50  45.57  10.00  6700  .28  .34  20.14  10.00  1.54  .63  59.22  10.00  4750  .54  .65  20.75  10.00  2.34  1.22  47.98  10.00  3350  .38  1.11  13.36  10.00  2.54  2.07  18.35  10.00  2360  1.82  1.81  .28  10.00  3.37  3.39  .54  10.00  1700  2.18  1.88  13.82  10.00  3.16  3.51  10.98  10.00  1180  2.82  2.30  18.30  10.00  3.79  4.30  13.47  10.00  850  2.45  1.33  18.84  10.00  3.21  3.64  13.47  10.00  600  3.20  2.73  14.77  10.00  4.34  4.82  11.07  10.00  425  3.40  3.04  10.47  10.00  4.49  4.84  7.76  10.00  300  4.53  3.80  17.29  10.00  5.38  5.99  11.28  10.00  212  4.77  3.63  23.93  10.00  4.82  5.46  13.33  10.00  150  6.13  6.36  3.71  10.00  5.56  5.48  1.37  10.00  106  6.52  6.33  6.29  10.00  5.19  5.07  2.28  10.00  75  6.88  7.03  3.10  10.00  5.43  5.38  .89  10.00  53  8.34  8.08  9.67  10.00  7.01  7.33  4.61  10.00  38  5.64  5.94  5.35  10.00  4.39  4.31  1.89  10.00  -38  38.60  42.01  8.85  10.00  32.53  32.06  1.44  10.00  416  STREAM  CYCLONE O/F HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13000  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  3500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  4750  .00  .00  100.00  .00  3350  .00  .00  100.00  .00  2360  .00  .00  100.00  .00  1700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  1180  .00  .00  100.00  .00  850  .08  .08  .23  10.00  600  .31  .31  .70  10.00  425  .96  .37  1.48  10.00  300  1.24  1.27  2.31  10.00  212  1.46  1.51  3.56  10.00  150  7.46  7.37  1.27  10.00  106  9.37  9.07  3.15  10.00  75  9.15  9.07  .30  10.00  53  8.49  8.93  5.21  10.00  38  8.04  7.83  2.64  10.00  -38  53.44  53.58  .27  10.00  417  MASS B A L A N C E O F I S L A N D C O P P E R 1 4 C I R C U I T  MASS B A L A N C E  RUN 1 7  RESULTS  E S T I M A T E S OF NETWORKS 1 fc 2 V A R I A B L E S  P U L P FLOW R A T E S  WATER FLOW R A T E S  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  STREAMS  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  393.00  386.12  1.75  5.00  .00  12.32  100.00  .00  H I L L DISCH.  .00  565.97  100.00  .00  .00  192.17  100.00  .00  CYCLONE FD.  .00  644.83  100.00  .00  .00  271.03  100.00  .00  CYCLONE U/F  .00  289.62  100.00  .00  .00  102.72  100.00  ' .00  C Y C L O N E O/F  .00  355.25  100.00  .00  .00  168.35  100.00  .00  H I L L WATER  .00  179.35  100.00  .00  177.00  179.35  1.61  5.00  PBQX WATER  .00  78.95  100.00  .00  75.00  78.95  5.27  15.00  S O L I D FLOW R A T E S  PULP PERCENT  SOLIDS  MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID.  RELAT.  MEAS.  ESTIM.  RESID.  RELAT.  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  VALUES  VALUES  VALUES  ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  373.81  100.00  .00  98.60  96.81  1.82  3.00  H I L L DISCH.  .00  373.81  100.00  .00  65.56  66.05  .74  5.00  CYCLONE FD.  .00  373.81  100.00  .00  65.00  57.97  CYCLONE U/F  .00  186.90  100.00  .00  63.04  64.53  2.37  5.00  C Y C L O N E O/F  .00  186.90  100.00  .00  51.11  52.61  2.94  5.00  STREAHS  418  10.82 1000.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  CYCLONE FD. HEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  CYCLONE U/F RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13000  .00  .00  100.00  .00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13200  .00  .04  100.00  10.00  .07  .07  .01  10.00  9500  .06  .07  12.87  10.00  .77  .14  32.41  10.00  6700  .13  .15  14.74  10.00  1.39  .30  78.54  10.00  4750  .40  .48  19.46  10.00  2.65  .96  63.94  10.00  3350  .86  1.02  18.50  10.00  2.37  2.04  31.37  10.00  2360  1.77  1.86  4.85  10.00  3.89  3.71  4.58  10.00  1700  2.12  1.94  8.59  10.00  3.53  3.88  7.96  10.00  1130  2.87  2.41  16.09  10.00  4.27  4.82  12.79  10.00  850  2.48  2.01  18.88  10.00  3.44  3.31  13.75  10.00  600  3.52  2.76  21.65  10.00  4.61  5.30  15.06  10.00  425  3.66  2.87  21.50  10.00  4.59  5.25  14.36  10.00  300  4.50  3.74  16.87  10.00  5.26  5.83  10.87  10.00  212  4.34  4.06  6.34  10.00  4.50  4.63  4.15  10.00  150  6.27  6.01  4.13  10.00  5.38  5.53  2.80  10.00  106  6.44  6.45  .19  10.00  4.96  5.00  .88  10.00  75  6.84  7.05  3.02  10.00  5.23  5.22  .15  10.00  53  8.38  8.59  2.56  10.00  6.32  6.34  .24  10.00  38  5.78  6.43  11.25  10.00  4.81  4.63  3.76  10.00  -38  39.56  42.05  6.28  10.00  31.23  32.32  3.50  10.00  419  CYCLONE O/F  STREAH HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  5700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4750  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3350  .00  .00 100.00  .00  2360  .00  .00 100.00  .00  1700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  1180  .00  .00 100.00  .00  850  .11  .11  .43  10.00  600  .21  .21  .67  10.00  425  .49  .50  1.49  10.00  300  1.60  1.65  3.16  10.00  212  3.35  3.44  2.78  10.00  150  6.32  6.49  2.70  10.00  106  7.85  7.90  .65  10.00  75  8.97  8.87  1.10  10.00  53  10.92  10.85  .60  10.00  38  8.93  8.23  7.82  10.00  -38  51.05  51.54  .96  10.00  420  ISLAND COPPER RUN #4  ADJ. 60CM CCT. DATA I-,  -  C\ -  r  a—a—e — o -  6  9  n  //  i:  fa-'-^SCRI :EN UN )E  7 *  G  I  / / >  //  tESH F :ED  /  /  / /  / 10  10  2  10  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  10  10  ISLAND COPPER RUN #6  ADJ. 60CM OCT. DATA c —r- C  „  er  Qi  Vf  s CR EI:h u KDERSIZ  <  f If 4 1  of-  /  (/> CT) < CL w  w  /  o z  LO  VI  fr"'  /  10  /  F :ED  §' O  10  10  2  10  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  10  424  10  ISLAND COPPER RUN #7  ADJ. 60CM OCT. DATA Q-r-|G—e—e  , <^  s CR EC  r T  /  . DERSIZ  0  o  /  K  <*  (7)  y  <  Q_ LU  =*  n  y 10  HSESH F •ED  —i * A?  ^  f  § -  3 O  rr  r r  10  10  2  1 0  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  T T  10  TTT  10  ISLAND COPPER RUN #4  ADJUSTED FULL-SCALE DATA  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  ISLAND COPPER RUN #5  ADJUSTED FULL-SCALE DATA  o z to  <  Q_  4> ro  UJ  3 O  10  10  10  3  1 0  4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  5  10  6  ISLAND COPPER RUN #6  1 -\—i 10  i 1111.ii—i 10  2  i i m m — i 10  3  ADJUSTED FULL-SCALE DATA  i i m i l l — i 10  4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  i i m i l l — i 10  9  i 11 m i l 10  6  ISLAND COPPER RUN #7  1 H—I 10  I 11 l l i l l — I 10 2  I I m i l l — i 10 3  ADJUSTED FULL-SCALE DATA  I \I lllll—I 10 4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  I 11 H i l l — I 10 5  I i Hill 10 *  APPENDIX V I I I .  SIMILCO MINES:  ADJUSTED FULL-SCALE & 60CM DATA  SIZE DISTRIBUTION PLOTS  430  HASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT SIHILKAHEEN II LINE  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIHATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .IB  .17  5.24  5.00  .00  .01 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .47  .46  1.81  10.00  .00  .19 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  70.70  59.42  15.95  20.00  .00  59.16 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .08  .09  18.78  10.00  .00  -.02. 100.00  .00  54.60  59.33  8.67  20.00  .00  59.17 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW HILL WATER  .00  .20 100.00  .00  .20  .20  .89  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  58.96 100.00  .00  60.70  58.96  2.86  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .16 100.00  .00  99.00  93.91  5.14  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .26 100.00  .00  53.64  57.62  7.41  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .26 100.00  .00  2.00  .45  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .11 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .16 100.00  .00  431  34.44 119.40 .27  .27  77.72 1000.00 41.41  10.00  1.12  10.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  SCREEN FEED MEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  1.73  1.13  37.11  5.00  2.33  2.80  20.26  5.00  9500  10.77  12.21  13.37  5.00  31.73  30.39  4.22  5.00  6700  16.38  17.17  4.82  5.00  38.98  42.74  9.64  5.00  4570  6.01  6.93  15.35  5.00  19.86  17.26  13.11  5.00  3350  3.56  3.32  10.14  5.00  5.83  5.57  4.54  5.00  2360  1.91  2.11  10.52  5.00  1.17  1.14  2.16  5.00  1700  1.25  1.24  .98  5.00  .11  .11  .07  5.00  1180  .90  1.04  15.61  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  850  1.04  1.05  1.05  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  .70  .79  12.34  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  .72  .77  6.46  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  1.79  1.47  18.10  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  1.23  1.29  4.63  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  2.23  2.48  11.38  5.00  .00  ,00 100.00  .00  106  3.30  3.08  6.73  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  8.88  5.61  36.83  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  4.42  5.23  18.26  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  5.18  5.72  10.33  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  27.93  26.77  4.15  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  432  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4570  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3350  2.35  2.82  4.50  5.00  2360  3.05  2.76  3.51  5.00  1700  1.97  2.00  1.27  5.00  1180  2.26  1.74  23.05  5.00  850  1.77  1.76  .76  5.00  600  1.57  1.31  16.28  5.00  425  1.38  1.28  7.16  5.00  300  2.16  2.45  13.45  5.00  212  2.26  2.15  4.76  5.00  150  4.82  4.15  13.86  5.00  106  4.82  5.14  6.74  5.00  75  7.77  3.38  20.67  5.00  53  12.03  8.74  27.73  5.00  38  10.72  3.55  10.83  5.00  -38  40.41  44.77  10.79  5.00  433  MASS BALANCE OF SOCK CIRCUIT SIHILKAHEEN 13 LINE  MASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .IS  .15  9.11  5.00  .00  .01 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .56  .48  13.14  10.00  .00  .10 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  60.50  58.02  4.09  20.00  .00  57.64 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .to  .13  25.48  10.00  .00  100.00  .00  56.60  57.89  2.29  20.00  .00  57.76 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  -.12  HILL WATER  .00  .21 100.00  .00  .20  .21  2.78  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  57.54 100.00  .00  45.00  57.54  27.87  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .13 100.00  .00  99.00  90.47  8.62  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .33 100.00  .00  65.01  30.18  23.33  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .39 100.00  .00  1.00  .67  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .25 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .13 100.00  .00  434  33.33 1000.00  89.10 195.97 113.94 .19  .23  21.10  10.00 20.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  SCREEN FEED HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  4.69  5.16  10.10  5.00  9.14  7.88  13.79  5.00  9500  18.36  16.69  9.12  5.00  24.13  25.46  5.52  5.00  6700  25.78  25.67  .45  5.00  40.57  39.16  3.47  5.00  4570  14.48  13.55  6.44  5.00  19.90  20.67  3.88  5.00  3350  4.78  4.11  13.94  5.00  5.69  6.28  10.32  5.00  2360  1.51  1.87  23.78  5.00  .47  .45  4.90  5.00  1700  .58  .61  4.51  5.00  .10  .10  .52  5.00  1180  .40  .43  6.5B  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  850  .26  .26  .82  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  .83  .24  71.17  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  .25  .18  28.68  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  .37  .33  9.95  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  .40  .41  1.48  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  1.12  1.13  .83  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  1.02  .97  4.85  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  1.80  1.63  9.66  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  2.78  2.87  3.11  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  2.91  3.12  7.37  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  17.67  20.78  17.61  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  435  STREAM  SCR U/FLOH MEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV,  13200  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00  100.00  .00  4570  .00  .00  100.00  .00  3350  .00  .00  100.00  .00  2360  7.11  4.57  35.68  5.00  1700  1.63  1.57  3.70  5.00  1180  1.33  1.24  7.00  5.00  850  .74  .75  1.11  5.00  600  .59  .69  17.68  5.00  425  .44  .52  17.58  5.00  300  .89  .97  8.62  5.00  212  1.19  1.18  1.03  5.00  150  3.26  3.28  .51  5.00  106  2.67  2.82  5.47  5.00  75  4.30  4.72  3.72  5.00  53  8.30  8.32  .20  5.00  38  9.48  9.06  4.38  5.00  -38  58.07  60.32  3.88  5.00  436  HASS BALANCE OF SIMILKAHEEN 81 CIRCUIT AUG 1987  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 b 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS.  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  STREAHS  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  372.00 370.38  .44  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00 521.23 100.00  SCR Q/SIZE  .00  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  3.25 100.00  .00  .00  .00 134.83 100.00  .00  25.84 100.00  .00  .00  .56 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00 545.25 100.00  .00  .00 184.12 100.00  .00  MILL WATER  .00 125.01 100.00  .00  SCREEN WASH  .00  .00  49.86 100.00  .00  124.00 125.01 50.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  49.36  .82  5.00  .28  25.00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00 361.13 100.00  .00  98.50  97.50  1.01  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00 386.40 100.00  .00  71.40  74.13  3.33  5.00  SCR Q/SIZE  .00  25.28 100.00  .00  38.00  97.83  .13  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00 361.13 100.00  .00  67.52  66.23  1.91  20.00  437  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  HILL DISCH. MEAS.  SCR O/SIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  .00  26500  .00  .14 100.00  15.00  2.12  2.12  .06  10.00  13000  .00  .22 100.00  15.00  3.37  3.37  .03  10.00  13200  .00  1.13  100.00  15.00  17.12  17.20  .47  10.00  3500  5.00  4.82  3.53  15.00  55.13  56.60  2.67  10.00  6700  2.24  2.97  32.81  15.00  13.69  18.15  7.84  10.00  4750  2.51  3.03  23.26  15.00  2.40  2.33  .58  10.00  3350  2.07  2.51  21.41  15.00  .17  .17  .05  10.00  2360  2.64  3.12  18.16  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  1700  2.28  2.55  12.00  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  1180  2.62  2.72  3.69  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  850  2.82  2.78  1.36  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  3.72  3.51  5.57  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  5.13  5.15  .41  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  5.33  5.42  3.64  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  6.17  5.34  13.46  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  8.04  6.92  13.91  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  5.74  5.81  1.22  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  5.45  5.31  2.58  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  6.02  5.23  13.10  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  ' 38  4.23  4.16  1.73  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  27.42  27.12  1-.10  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  438  .00 100.00  .00  STREAH  SCR. U/FLOH  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3500  1.18  1.20  1.62  15.00  6700  4.18  1.31  54.24  15.00  4750  6.16  3.14  48.97  15.00  3350  4.45  2.68  39.84  15.00  2360  4.49  3.34  25.66  15.00  1700  3.15  2.73  13.26  15.00  1180  2.96  2.91  1.79  15.00  850  2.88  2.38  3.35  15.00  600  3.50  3.76  7.39  15.00  425  5.33  5.51  3.40  15.00  300  5.23  5.80  10.84  15.00  212  5.02  5.71  13.81  15.00  150  6.44  7.41  15.00  15.00  106  6.03  6.22  3.10  15.00  75  5.35  5.68  6.18  15.00  53  4.33  5.60  13.54  15.00  38  4.25  4.45  4.65  15.00  -38  24.53  23.04  18.40  15.00  439  HASS BALANCE OF SIHILKAHEEN #3 CIRCUIT AUG 1387  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIHATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS.  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  STREAHS  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  407.00 402.46  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  10.19 100.00  .00  .00  .00 135.55 100.00  .00  71.75 100.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00 578.02 100.00  .00  .00 185.75 100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00 123.56 100.00  .00  SCREEN WASH  .00  .00  1.11  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00 537.77 100.00  SCR Q/SIZE  .00  52.00 100.00  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAHS  .00  1.80  122.00 123.56  1.2B  5.00  52.00  4.00  25.00  50.00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00 332.27 100.00  .00  99.30  37.47  1.85  3.00  MILL DISCH.  .00 462.22 100.00  .00  73.80  77.32  4.78  5.00  SCR Q/SIZE  .00  69.95 100.00  .00  98.00  97.49  .52  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00 392.27 100.00  .00  62.40  67.86  8.76  10.00  440  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  MILL DISCH. HEAS.  SCR O/SIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  26500  13.24  2.06  13000  5.51  13200  .00 100.00  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .00  .00  84.48  15.00  12.46  13.58  9.00  10.00  3.94  28.45  15.00  22.74  26.05  14.56  10.00  2.31  3.80  30.65  15.00  28.50  25.12  11.85  10.00  3500  3.23  3.97  20.81  15.00  27.25  26.27  3.61  10.00  6700  2.74  3.17  15.77  15.00  8.60  8.53  .31  10.00  4750  2.33  3.36  12.30  15.00  .36  .36  .01  10.00  3350  2.73  3.09  10.87  15.00  .09  .09  .00  10.00  2360  3.13  3.58  14.33  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  1700  2.52  2.78  10.16  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  H80  2.50  2.81  12.35  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  350  2.53  2.81  10.98  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  2.33  3.28  10.21  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  4.03  4.49  11.46  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  .4.41  4.75  7.70  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  3.39  4.40  10.25  15.00  .00  ,00 100.00  .00  150  5.70  6.13  8.42  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  4.12  4.58  11.05  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  4.01  4.37  8.94  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  4.95  5.63  13.66  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  2.99  3.22  7.73  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  18.65  23.72  27.16  15.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  441  .00 100.00  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  26500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  19000  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6700  2.40  2.22  7.64  15.00  4750  4.21  3.83  7.55  15.00  3350  3.37  3.63  6.23  15.00  2360  4.70  4.22  10.28  15.00  1700  3.48  3.27  6.00  15.00  1180  3.64  3.31  9.08  15.00  850  3.56  3.31  7.07  15.00  600  4.07  3.87  4.92  15.00  425  5.51  5.29  3.34  15.00  300  5.53  5.60  1.20  15.00  212  5.32  5.18  2.57  15.00  150  7.06  7.28  3.14  15.00  106  5.57  5.39  3.22  15.00  75  5.20  5.15  1.01  15.00  53  5.34  6.63  4.47  15.00  38  3.87  3.80  1.32  15.00  -38  25.05  27.35  11.57  15.00  442  SIMILKAMEEN LINE #1  10  2  ADJUSTED 60CM CCT DATA  10  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  10  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS(ADJUSTED) SIMILKAMEEN LINE #1 1—01 r-B  4-  ;CF B  at II5ERFD  rT 1^1  ^1  A. '  MIL! . D SC  ,F GE  (j  AT  -  A '  —  K FF ES H F  •A  —  — •  10  -  -1.  10  10  2  \  rn  10  3  1 0  4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  10  10  SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS(ADJUSTED) SIMILKAMEEN LINE #3 FT  !E  — err  i  OERFD )W , »=:  'V  G  w—1 r -  a-" s  RGE  . Dl S C  1° - r r —  s —•  1*  1  10 — —  —  —  -  >r --  'V  FF ES H  FFF  V  •  A  /  /  V  10  -1.  10  10  10  3  1 0  4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  5  10  APPENDIX  IX.  HIGHLAND VALLEY COPPER: ADJUSTED FULL-SCALE fc 60CH DATA SIZE DISTIBUTION PLOTS  447  HASS BALANCE OF 60CN CIRCUIT HIGHLAND VALLEY COPPER A-CIRCUIT  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .34  .33  1.26  5.00  .00  .02 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .75  .63  8.38  5.00  .00  .16 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  69.20  63.01  8.94  15.00  .00  62.49 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .12  .14  25.74  10.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  72.60  62.87  13.40  20.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .21 100.00  .00  .20  .21  3.04  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  62.33 100.00  .00  60.00  62.33  3.88  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAHS  -.07  100.00  .00  62.56 100.00  .00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .31 100.00  .00  99.00  93.51  5,55  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .53 100.00  .00  68.18  77.23  13.36  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .53 100.00  .00  2.00  .84  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .22 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .31 100.00  .00  448  58.08 1000.00  33.20 151.44  62.49  10.00  .49  5.39  10.00  .52  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  SCREEN FEED HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .35  .00 100.00  9500  6.12  6.82  6700  19.07  4570  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  5.00  .00  11.45  5.00  18.27  16.45  9.94  5.00  20.06  5.18  5.00  45.89  48.39  5.44  5.00  11.17  11.51  3.03  5.00  26.90  27.76  3.20  5.00  3350  2.87  3.49  21.54  5.00  7.26  5.74  20.31  5.00  2360  1.94  2.07  S.75  5.00  1.43  1.41  1.73  5.00  1700  .99  1.03  4.48  5.00  .18  .18  .30  5.00  1180  .95  .95  .51  5.00  .06  .06  .00  5.00  850  .87  .84  3.27  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  .66  .79  19.34  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  1.60  1.52  4.99  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  2.22  2.56  15.54  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  3.66  3.68  .51  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  5.01  5.52  10.25  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  16.64  12.88  22.61  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  3.53  3.53  .02  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  2.48  2.87  15.68  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  33  2.57  2.98  16.08  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  17.27  16.86  2.38  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  449  .00 100.00  .00  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4570  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3350  2.07  1.89  8.53  5.00  2360  2.67  2.54  4.78  5.00  1700  1.71  1.64  4.11  5.00  1180  1.59  1.59  .10  5.00  850  1.33  1.44  3.41  5.00  600  2.07  1.35  35.01  5.00  425  2.47  2.60  5.12  5.00  300  5.58  4.38  21.43  5.00  212  6.22  6.28  1.02  5.00  150  10.48  3.43  3.38  5.00  106  18.45  22.00  19.22  5.00  75  5.94  6.03  1.48  5.00  53  6.25  4.90  21.60  5.00  38  ,6.57  5.10  22.44  5.00  -38  26.53  28.33  8.67  5.00  450  MASS BALANCE OFfiOCHCIRCUIT HIGHLAND VALLEY COPPER  C-CIRCUIT  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  EST IHATES OF NETWORKS 1 k 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .35  .37  5.40  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  MILL DISCH.  1.02  .84  17.70  5.00  .00  .25 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  69.50  59.74  14.05  15.00  .00  59.15 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .16  .20  22.82  10.00  .00  65.70  59.54  9.38  20.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  -.03  100.00  .00  59.18 100.00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  .28 100.00  .00  .26  .28  4.67  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  53.90 100.00  .00  73.20  58.30  19.54  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS.  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  STREAHS  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .36 100.00  .00  99.50  98.75  .76  5.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .59 100.00  .00  69,16  69,93  1.11  10.00  .00  .59 100.00  .00  2.00  .99  .00  .23 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED SCR OVERSIZE  .  451  95,15 114.56  50.72 1000.00 20.40  10.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS. VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  ESTIM. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  5.59  .22  96.06  5.00  .55  .57  4.14  5.00  3500  2.13  2.74  25.21  5.00  13.31  7.13  48.77  5.00  6700  12.12  15.40  27.05  5.00  39.02  40.02  2.56  5.00  4570  11.11  13.20  18.80  5.00  31.58  34.30  8.62  5.00  3350  13.55  7.32  46.01  5.00  11.62  14.63  25.92  5.00  2360  2.86  2.32  2.25  5.00  2.12  2.15  1.32  5.00  1700  1.65  1.65  .18  5.00  .42  .42  .37  5.00  1180  .83  .99  11.51  5.00  . iJ  .25  1.01  5.00  850  1.19  1.30  9.55  5.00  .16  .16  .35  5.00  600  1.54  1.56  1.02  5.00  .38  .38  .25  5.00  425  1.35  1.48  9.39  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  2.69  2.91  8.18  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  3.03  3.35  10.50  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  7.89  8.53  8.05  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  5.54  5.87  5.93  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  4.50  5.03  13.10  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  4.55  5.22  14.75  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  5.48  4.73  13.62  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  12.28  15.52  26.40  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  452  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4570  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3350  2.53  2.74  8.33  5.00  2360  3.33  3.41  2.40  5.00  1700  2.36  2.42  2.68  5.00  1180  1.64  1.46  11.08  5.00  850  2.20  2.02  8.22  5.00  600  2.25  2.29  1.73  5.00  425  2.61  2.40  8.03  5.00  300  4.39  4.73  3.27  5.00  212  5.75  5.44  5.35  5.00  150  • 12.90  13.86  7.42  5.00  106  9.09  9.54  4,34  5.00  75  8.72  8.27  5.13  5.00  53  3.15  8.49  7.25  5.00  33  6.53  7.69  17.83  5.00  -38  26.05  25.24  3.13  5.00  453  HASS BALANCE OF HIGHLAND VALLEY A-CIRCUIT AUG 1987  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  12.2B  11.84  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  3.56  5.00  .00  .55 100.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  23.44 100.00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  27.36 100.00  .00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  100.00  .00  .00  1.52  SCR U/FLOW  .00  20.65 100.00  .00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  4.88 100.00  .00  4.78  4,88  2.17  5.0O  PBOX WATER  .00  3.92 100.00  .00  3.00  3.92  30.75  25.00  5.71  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  7.06  .00  100.00  .00  10.98 100.00  .00  100.00  .00  9.35 100,00  .00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  11.29  100.00  .00  98.30  95.37  2.38  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  16.38  100.00  .00  66.30  69.89  4.47  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  16.38  100.00  .00  57.35  59.87  4.40  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  5.09  100.00  .00  79.50  75.79  4.66  10.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  11.29  100.00  .00  51.55  54.70  6.10  5.00  454  ESTIHATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  HILL DISCH. MEAS.  SCREEN FEED  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  .00  1.60  100.00  26500  8.00  3.46  19000  7.37  13200  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  50.00  .00  1.60  100.00  56.77  50.00 .  .00  3.12  100.00 100.00  5.16  30.04  50.00  2.27  5.16  127.13 100.00  3.33  7.55  94.71  50.00  5.03  7.55  50.20 100.00  9500  1.71  3.92  129.47  50.00  5.88  3.32  33.27 100.00  6700  3.15  3.13  .64  30.00  4.32  3.13  27.55  30.00  4750  3.51  2.69  23.36  30.00  4.71  2.69  42.89  30.00  3350  2.54  1.38  26.03  30.00  3.65  1.38  48.57  30.00  2360  3.14  3.05  2.88  30.00  4.43  3.05  31.16  30.00  1700  3.23  3.22  2.18  30.00  4.11  3.22  21.70  30.00  1180  3.82  3.36  3.56  20,00  4.57  3.36  13.43  20.00  850  4.04  4.44  3.80  20.00  4.78  4.44  7.20  20.00  600  5.06  c n J.JO  9.26  20.00  5.78  5.53  4.35  20.00  425  5.89  6.41  8.84  10.00  6.72  6.41  4.61  10.00  300  5.98  6.43  7.58  10.00  6.38  6.43  .83  10.00  212  4.83  5.42  12.31  10.00  4.31  5.42  10.48  10.00  150  5.64  5.63  .89  10.00  5.42  5.69  4.99  10.00  106  5.56  6.03  8.43  10.00  6.16  6.03  2.13  10.00  75  3.13  3.10  1.06  10.00  3,00  3.10  3.23  10.00  53  • 3.54  3.83  8.12  10.00  3.54  3.83  8.12  10.00  38  2.52  2.63  4.48  10.00  2.40  2.63  9.70  10.00  -38  13.40  10.88  18.81  10.00  11.36  11.24  6.01  10.00  455  10.00  STREAHS  SCR U/FLGH  SCR OVERSIZE HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIH.  RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  4.35  5.15  3.95  15.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  26500  10.10  11.13  10.17  15.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  19000  15.35  16.60  9.16  15.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  13200  24.00  24.33  1.35  15.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  9500  15.80  12.63  20.03  15.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  6700  6.14  6.36  3.60  10.00  1.63  1.67  2.72  15.00  4750  3.40  3.50  3.07  10.00  2.17  2.32  7.05  15.00  3350  1.61  1.64  1.89  10.00  1.33  1.38  8.41  15.00  2360  1.27  1.28  .80  10.00  3.60  3.85  6.85  15.00  1700  .90  .30  .51  10.00  4.01  4.26  6.24  15.00  1180  .75  .75  .10  5.00  5.24  5.40  3.05  10.00  850  .90  .30  .06  5.00  6.00  6.03  .47  10.00  600  1.20  1.20  .08  5.00  7.45  7.48  .38  10.00  425  1.33  1.33  .04  5.00  3.96  8.70  2.91  10.00  300  1.58  1.58  .03  5.00  9.24  8.62  6.72  10.00  212  1.64  1.63  .45  5.00  7.56  7.13  J.OJ  5.00  150  1.57  1.57  .01  5.00  7.62  7.55  .97  5.00  106  1.53  1.53  .00  5.00  3.15  3.06  1.16  5.00  75  1.38  1.38  .05  5.00  3.88  3.87  .26  5.00  53  1.43  1.42  .38  5.00  5.10  4.91  3.73  5.00  38  1.24  1.23  .45  5.00  3.37  3.26  3.18  5.00  -33  1.98  1.39  .47  5.00  13.63  14.35  5.29  5.00  456  HASS BALANCE OF HIGHLAND VALLEY C-CIRCUIT AUG 1987  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  FRESH FEED  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  17.02  17.57  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  3.25  5.00  .00  -.23 100.00  .00  9.66  100.00  .00  11.91 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  31.92 100.00  .00  .00  SCREEN FEED  .00  34.17 100.00  .00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  5.G6 100.00  .00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  28.51 100.00  .00  .00  HILL WATER  .00  8.69  100,00  .00  3.90  8.69  2.38  5.00  PBOX WATER  .00  2.25 100.00  .00  2.50  2.25  10.09  20.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  1.21  100.00  .00  10.70 100.00  .00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  17.81 100.00  .00  98.30 101.33  3.08  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  22.25 100.00  .00  71.00  69.73  1.79  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  22.26 100.00  .00  68.00  65.14  4.20  5.00  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  4.45 100.00  .00  78.00  78.67  .85  5.00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  17.81 100.00  .00  64.50  62.46  3.16  5.00  457  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 HASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  HILL DISCH. HEAS.  SCREEN FEED  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  .35 100.00  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  15.00  .00  100.00  15.00  .00  1.54  100.00  10.00  4.38 100.00  15.00  .00  4.98 100.00  10.00  5.51  7.67  33.21  15.00  11.97  7.57  35.38  10.00  3500  2.21  3.56  61.00  15.00  7.01  3.56  43.24  10.00  6700  2.38  4.23  80.27  15.00  4.77  4.23  10.05  10.00  4750  1.96  3.60  83.44  15.00  3.23  3.60  11.32  10.00  3350  2.73  3.50  28.26  15.00  3.73  3.50  6.13  10.00  2360  3.39  3.47  2.25  15.00  3.80  3.47  8.78  10.00  1700  3.48  3.53  1.53  15.00  3.44  3.53  2.71  10.00  1180  4.33  4.00  8.34  15.00  3.63  4.00  350  4.35  4.34  12.30  15.00  4.02  4.34  7.38  10.00  600  6.26  5.38  14.02  15.00  4.93  5.38  3.17  10.00  425  11.11  6.63  40.33  15.00  7.14  6.63  7.15  10.00  37500  .00  26500  .00  1.54  13000  .00  13200  .35 100.00  10.00  10.12 • 10.00  300  6.17 '  6.06  1.71  15.00  5.39  5.06  12.51  10.00  212  5.80  4.83  16.30  15.00  4.30  4.83  12.23  10.00  150  6.16  5.25  14.73  15.00  4.72  5.25  11.28  10.00  106  7.11  6.77  4.74  15.00  5.41  6.77  5.57  10.00  75  3.37  2.47  26.30  15.00  2.14  2.47  15.28  10.00  53  4.47  3.43  23.30  15.00  3.08  3.43  11.31  10.00  38  2.33  2.41  19.37  15.00  2.08  2.41  15.91  10.00  -38  15.55  11.33  23.29  15.00  14.31  11.34  16.57  10.00  458  STREAHS  SCR OVERSIZE MEAS.  SCR U/FLOH  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  37500  1.72  1.73  .34  10.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  26500  7.61  7.72  1.47  10.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  19000  23.88  24.32  4.37  10.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  13200  33.30  35.75  5.46  10.00  .55  .65  .15  5.00  5500  15.63  13.59  13.34  10.00  1.06  1.05  .84  5.00  6700  5.14  4.51  12.23  10.00  4.76  4.24  11.03  5.00  4750  2.61  2.32  11.19  10.00  4.95  3.91  20.91  5.00  3350  1.14  1.13  .45  10.00  4.15  4.09  1.37  5.00  2360  .61  .61  .37  10.00  4.07  4.18  2.70  5.00  1700  .50  .50  .00  10.00  4.28  4.29  .27  5.00  1180  .46  .46  .08  10.00  4.91  4.88  .57  5.00  850  .45  .45  .01  10.00  5.29  5.31  .44  5.00  600  .60  .60  .01  10.00  6.54  6.58  .57  5.00  425  .71  .71  .51  10.00  7.65  3.11  5.99  5.00  300  .57  .57  .14  10.00  7.54  7.44  1.35  5.00  212  .68  .68  .08  10.00  5.83  5.86  .30  5.00  150  .67  .67  .05  10.00  6.40  6.40  .03  5.00  106  .60  .60  .05  10.00  3.22  8.32  1.17  5.00  75  .58  .58  .30  10.00  2.98  2.94  1.37  5.00  53  .51  .51  .04  10.00  4.16  4.16  .05  5.00  33  .42  .42  .32  10.00  2.97  2.31  2.06  5.00  -33  .88  .38  .43  10.00  13.52  14.56  8.45  5.00  459  HVC  A-CIRCUIT  ADJUSTED 60CM CIRCUIT DATA —T9-p  Or  J Q  /  P  10  1  /  v  1 A  ySCRI :LN UN  /  KM  er-  /  -|  a—e—e — ° 1  i  J/  /  y  ft  FR! :SH FEI :D  9  /1  »—41 M I M |  10 *  !  1  1  I I M H |  10  1  1  I I I lll|  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  1  I I I Ul|  10  5  T9<7  10  HVC  C-CIRCUIT  ADJUSTED 60CM CIRCUIT DATA —  , -o  SCF EE /  o z  j "*— -  l[ EFI L0W :  (a"'  —°1  /  /  H  1 —  —  —  c  Q_ ON  NJ  w  10  J  §  re tn CJ  r  —  /  /  3 O  /  )  J  / 10  / ......  P  10  2  10  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  —  10  HIGHLAND VALLEY COPPER A-CIRCUIT  10*  o  In to < Q_ K LJJ >  10  3 O  10  10  3  1 0  4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  ADJUSTED DATA  HIGHLAND VALLEY COPPER C-CIRCUIT  1 10  1 i *i » m u 10  ' 2  1  I  > >m| 10  3  i  i  M  mi)  10  4  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  1  ADJUSTED DATA  M I  \\\\\  10  5  1 i  M  \\\\\  10  6  THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY BLANK  465  APPENDIX X.  ECHO BAY JUNEAU: ADJUSTED 60CH DATAfcSIZE DISTRIBUTION DATA  466  HASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT ECHO BAY JUNEAU 81 SLATE  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 & 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .50  ,48  3.04  5.00  .00  .01 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  1.46  1.20  17.33  20.00  .00  .18 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  76.50  79.26  3.61  15.00  .00  78.25 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .23  .25  9.35  10.00  .00  -.29 100.00  .00  86.10  79.01  8.24  20.00  .00  78.54 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW HILL WATER  .00  .46 100.00  .00  .45  .46  1.94  5.00  SUHP WATER  .00  78.06 100.00  .00  83.70  78.06  6.73  30.00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .00  99.00  37.27  1.75  3.00  100.00  .00  66.50  84.76  27.46  10.00  100.00  .00  1.00  1.28  .00  .55 100.00  .00  .00  .47 100.00  .00  .47 100.00  FRESH FEED  .00  HILL DISCH.  .00  1.01  SCREEN FEED  .00  1.01  SCR OVERSIZE SCR U/FLOW  467  28.04 1000.00  30.00 213.93 167.43 .60  .59  .32  20.00 10.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  HEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  1.51  1.52  .37  5.00  .00  2.82  100.00  5.00  9500  9.76  9.03  7.43  5.00  15.46  16.82  8.78  5.00  6700  17.82  13.97  12.06  5.00  40.54  37.17  8.31  5.00  4570  14.98  16.20  8.12  5.00  31.46  30.15  4.17  5.00  3350  8.27  7.93  4.13  5.00  11.14  11.67  4.76  5.00  2360  4.18  4.81  15.16  5.00  1.30  1.27  2.33  5.00  1700  2.66  2.09  21.40  5.00  .11  .11  .49  5.00  1180  1.43  1.38  3.68  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  850  1.07  1.07  .43  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  1.48  1.36  8.03  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  1.48  1.64  10.74  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  1.76  1.75  .50  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  1.90  2.11  11.13  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  4.77  2.55  46.51  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  2.52  3.10  23.12  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  2.44  2.88  17.38  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  6.24  5.01  13.78  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  1.88  1.36  1.11  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  14.62  14.52  .71  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  468  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4570  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3350  3.48  3.59  3.03  5.00  2360  9.96  8.33  10.36  5.00  1700  3.77  4.39  16.44  5.00  1180  2.83  2.98  5.17  5.00  850  2.26  2.30  1.36  5.00  600  2.71  2.94  8.53  5.00  425  3.97  3.54  10.80  5.00  300  3.68  3.78  2.33  5.00  212  5.11  4.56  10.67  5.00  150  4.48  5.51  23.07  5.00  106  11.36  6.70  40.98  5.00  75  7.99  6.22  22.15  5.00  53  9.03  10.82  19.12  5.00  38  3.38  4.02  3.54  5.00  -38  25.44  29.72  16.81  5.00  469  HASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT ECHO BAY JUNEAU RUN 12 (GABBRO)  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 b 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  HEAS. STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .37  .36  4.43  5.00  HILL DISCH.  1.12  .31  18.95  SCREEN FEED  72.60  57.75  SCR OVERSIZE  .17 51.00  SCR U/FLOW  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  .00 '  .01 100.00  .00  10.00  .00  .24 100.00  .00  20.46  15.00  .00  57.08 100.00  .00  .21  24.33  10.00  .00  100.00  .00  57.54  12.82  20.00  .00  57.19 100.00  .00  -.12  HILL WATER  .00  .34 100.00  .00  .33  .34  2.21  5.00  SUMP WATER  .00  56.84 100.00  .00  65.00  56.84  12.55  30.00  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .35 100.00  .00  99.00  96.73  2.29  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .67 100.00  .00  66.80  73.93  10.67  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .67 100.00  .00  1.00  1.16  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  *  100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .35 100.00  .00  470  85.00 155.34 .70  .60  15.30 1000.00 83.34  10.00  14.21  20.00  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAMS  SCREEN FEED MEAS. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  SCR OVERSIZE RELAT.  MEAS.  ST.DEV.  VALUES  RESID. VALUES  ESTIH. VALUES  RESID. VALUES  RELAT. ST.DEV.  13200  1.31  1.30  .74  5.00  .00  3.92  100.00  5.00  3500  3.13  7.06  22.70  5.00  12.85  14.59  l o . Jt  5.00  6700  20.27  20.10  .86  5.00  44.03  41.54  5.65  5.00  4570  13.24  13.69  3.43  5.00  30.93  28.31  8.47  5.00  3350  6.05  6.31  4.30  5.00  10.38  9.85  5.II  5.00  2360  3.44  3.62  5.33  5.00  1.65  1.63  1.48  5.00  1700  2.12  1.28  39.55  5.00  .13  .13  1.15  5.00  1130  1.07  1.01  6.05  5.00  .03  .03  .08  5.00  850  .38  .84  4.74  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  600  1.04  1.10  6.04  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  425 •  1.22  1.02  16.13  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  300  1.53  1.31  17.86  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  212  1.65  1.43  13.93  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  150  1.77  2.02  14.07  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  106  2.10  2.53  23.27 .  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  75  4.91  3.24  33.35  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  53  4.35  4.89  .31  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  38  3.19  3.72  16.54  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  -38  19.56  22.83  16.38  5.00  .00  .00  100.00  .00  471  SCR U/FLOH  STREAM MEAS.  ESTIM. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00 100.00  .00  4570  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3350  2.36  2.99  1.13  5.00  2360  5.51  5.49  .28  5.00  1700  1.96  2.36  20.35  5.00  1180  1.80  1.92  6.61  5.00  850  1.54  1.62  5.44  5.00  600  2.25  2.14  5.06  5.00  425  1.75  1.38  13.25  5.00  300  2.21  2.53  14.47  5.00  212  2.46  2.77  12.50  5.00  150  4.63  3.91  15.53  5.00  106  10.61  5.01  52.74  5.00  75  5.14  6.28  22.20  5.00  53  8.94  9.47  5.33  5.00  38  8.64  7.20  16.66  5.00  -38  33.58  44.30  11.92  5.00  472  MASS BALANCE OF 60CH CIRCUIT ECHO BAY JUNEAU RUN 13 (50/50 BLEND)  HASS BALANCE RESULTS  ESTIMATES OF NETWORKS 1 b 2 VARIABLES  PULP FLOW RATES MEAS. STREAHS  WATER FLOW RATES  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .33  .31  5.68  5.00  .00  .01 100.00  .00  HILL DISCH.  .66  .61  7.66  10.00  .00  .18 100.00  .00  SCREEN FEED  80.50  66.41  17.50  15.00  .00  65.38 100.00  .00  SCR OVERSIZE  .05  .07  21.57  10.00  .00  100.00  .00  59.10  66.35  12.26  20.00  .00  66.05 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  -.06  HILL WATER  .00  .23 100.00  .00  .23  .23  1.44  5.00  3UHP WATER  .00  65.80 100.00  .00  50.00  65.80  3.67  30.00  PULP PERCENT SOLIDS  SOLID FLOW RATES HEAS. STREAHS  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  HEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV  FRESH FEED  .00  .30 100.00  .00  39.00  96.52  2.50  3.00  HILL DISCH.  .00  .43 100.00  .00  64.30  70.74  10.01  10.00  SCREEN FEED  .00  .43 100.00  .00  1.00  .65  SCR OVERSIZE  .00  .13 100.00  .00  SCR U/FLOW  .00  .30 100.00  .00  473  35.19 1000.00  85.00 197.19 131.33  10.00  6.23  20.00  .48  .45  ESTIMATES OF NETWORK 3 MASS FRACTIONS  STREAHS  SCREEN FEED HEAS.  SCR OVERSIZE  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  HEAS.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .93  1.00  7.13  5.00  5.33  3.25  38.97  10.00  9500  7.90  9.07  14.80  5.00  31.73  23.61  6.86  10.00  6700  10.34  11.76  13.70  5.00  33.32  38.38  15.20  10.00  4570  5.07  5.65  11.43  5.00  21.64  18.44  14.77  10.00  3350  3.13  2.39  7.77  5.00  6.35  3.42  35.60  10.00  2360  2.01  2.50  24.23  5.00  .83  .74  10.53  10.00  1700  1.63  1.30  19.93  5.00  .03  .03  1.54  10.00  1180  1.00  1.10  9.86  5.00  .04  .04  .40  10.00  850  .89  .94  6.08  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  600  1.04  1.12  8.02  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  425  1.02  1.10  7.58  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  300  1.47  1.71  16.44  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  212  4.08  2.83  30.72  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  150  2.96  2.86  3.53  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  106  1.19  1.41  18.38  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  75  3.69  4.46  20.86  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  53  1.31  1.52  16.23  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  38  2.32  2.98  24.31  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  -38  48.03  43.92  8.56  5.00  .00  .00 100.00  .00  474  '  STREAM  SCR U/FLOW MEAS.  ESTIH. RESID. RELAT.  VALUES VALUES VALUES ST.DEV.  13200  .00  .00 100.00  .00  9500  .00  .00 100.00  .00  6700  .00  .00 100.00  ,00  4570  .00  .00 100.00  .00  3350  .00  .00 100.00  .00  2360  5.07  3.27  35.47  5.00  1700  1.59  1.84  15.70  5.00  1180  1.73  1.57  9.47  5.00  850  1.43  1.36  4.83  5.00  600  1.74  1.62  6.93  5.00  425  1.63  1.58  6.40  5.00  300  3.07  2.47  13.63  5.00  212  3.34  4.07  22.00  5.00  150  3.30  4.12  3.33  5.00  106  7.37  2.03  74.52  5.00  75  8.11  6.43  20.73  5.00  53  11.10  2.19  80.23  5.00  38  9.60  4.16  56.63  5.00  -38  39.76  63.29  59.18  5.00  475  ECHO BAY SLATE RUN #1 ADJ. 60CM CCT. DATA  1  i  10  1—I  I l i Ml| 10  i—1 2  i—1  1 t iiiii 10  1111111  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10 *  I—i  i  1 i ihl 10  5  o  I  ZD  o  00  <  00 l _  CO LLJ  ID < <c  ID  >; <c CO  O :r o LJ  GNiSSVci * 477  3A!lVin^n0  10  ECHO BAY RUN #2(GABBR0) ADJ.60CM CCT DATA A -  je^-  SCREEN bNuiFstefc  o z  (/)  if) < CL  /  -poo  w  :4  10  ItESH F  ED  3 3  O  "*'-~T  10  10  2  10 PARTICLE SIZE (microns) 3  10*  10  5  ECHO BAY JUNEAU  TEST SAG9  SCR.  U/FLOW  0  ~1  10  I  •—I  I  1  I I III  10  2  1—I  I  I  1  I I I I  10  3  PARTICLE SIZE (MICRONS)  1—I  I  I I I  11  10  4  ECHO BAY RUN #3 ADJUSTED 60CM CCT DATA  -1 10  1 1  I I I I I 11  10  2  1 1  I I I I 111  10  1 1  I M M I |  3  PARTICLE SIZE (microns)  10  4  1 1  I I I II  10  11 5  if82  (blank)  APPENDIX  PROPOSED  XI  MODEL OF MILL WEIGHT  483  CONTROLLER.  If  the m i l l  is  m o d e l l e d as a F i r s t  W F  then the  discrete  1 s+k  l/k(l-e TZ  Where T = S a m p l i n g  k  P  Backwards = 1/k  Choosing  the  denominator  Wset  of  1/k s/k +1  Where W = M i l l  Weight  F  Rate.  )q  k T  _ 1  -l,  - k T  (1-e  _1  = Feed  q  _  kpq" .  -i  - k T  1-e  )  1  q  Period Shift  Operator  (l-e~ ) kT  following the  integrating  process  is  Kc(l-i  JK<^ E r r o r  controller  (where  cancelled)  l c T  q  1  )  - 1  K q - -kt - i 1-e q P  (1-q )  E  -1  Controller  We o b t a i n t h e  i.e.  model would be W _  q =  O r d e r Lag S y s t e m ,  f o l l o w i n g closed loop t r a n s f e r W Wo«t  KcKpq 1-q  1  + KcKpq  KcKpq l-(l+KoKp)q -l  484  1  function  W  the  l£  the  d e s i r e d c l o s e d - l o o p time  constant  is  for  example  then  set  The c o n t r o l l e r  1+Kckp = e  is  therefore FK  or  = 0.606 and s o l v e  - F K - I = Kc(EK-e  EK-I)  F K - FK-I = K c ( E K - d - k T ) E K - i )  485  for  Kc  2T,  

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