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Vegetational composition and regeneration in three forest associations after logging in the coastal Western.. Houseknecht, Stephan J. 1976-12-31

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VEGETATIONAL THREE  C O M P O S I T I O N AND  REGENERATION  FOREST ASSOCIATIONS AFTER COASTAL  WESTERN  LOGGING  HEMLOCK  IN  IN T H E  ZONE  by  B.Sc,  A  S T E P H A N J . HOUSEKNECHT Pennsylvania State U n i v e r s i t y ,  THESIS THE  SUBMITTED  REQUIREMENTS MASTER in  We a c c e p t required  THE  IN P A R T I A L  OF  F U L F I L M E N T OF  THE DEGREE  OF  SCIENCE  the Faculty of Forestry  this thesis standard  U N I V E R S I T Y OF June,  (cP)  FOR  1972  as c o n f o r m i n g  BRITISH 1976  to the  COLUMBIA  Stephan J . Houseknecht, 1976  In  presenting  requirements British freely that  this for  an  Columbia, available  permission  scholarly Department that  copying  gain  shall  Department  or  not  of  agree  for for  by  in partial  advanced  I  purposes or  thesis  that  reference extensive  may  his  be  at  shall  and  study.  I  copying by  allowed  this  without  my  Forestry  The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a Vancouver, B r i t i s h Columbia, Canada Date  June  7,  1976  of  the  University  Library  representatives. of  the  the  granted  publication be  degree  fulfilment  make  further  of  this  thesis  the  Head  of  It thesis  is  i t agree for  my  understood  for  written  of  financial  permission.  i  ABSTRACT  The  study was  i n i t i a t e d to determine  the  composition  and s t r u c t u r e of v e g e t a t i o n and n a t u r a l t r e e r e g e n e r a t i o n invading logged areas w i t h i n three major f o r e s t a s s o c i a t i o n s t h a t were s u b j e c t e d to d i f f e r e n t s i t e treatments  in coastal  B r i t i s h Columbia. To accomplish the above o b j e c t i v e s , 50  one-fortieth  acre p l o t s were e s t a b l i s h e d i n logged areas ranging i n age from 2 to 14 years f o l l o w i n g l o g g i n g and the accompanying s i t e treatment.  The number of t r e e s per acre by height  c l a s s , r o o t i n g substratum q u a l i t a t i v e coverage  of the c o n i f e r o u s t r e e s ,  and  estimates of the t r e e s , shrubs,  and mosses encountered  on each p l o t were sampled.  herbs  These  data were grouped i n t o a s s o c i a t i o n s and analyzed u s i n g the releve' method f o r the v e g e t a t i o n arid a n a l y s i s of v a r i a n c e to assess the r o l e of n a t u r a l r e g e n e r a t i o n i n each a s s o c i a t i o n and treatment  class.  Distance to the seed source  and  the type of seed source were measured to p r o v i d e adjacent stand i n f o r m a t i o n . Environmental  parameters such as s l o p e , aspect,  topographic p o s i t i o n , seedbed type, parent m a t e r i a l and depth,  and a l t i t u d e were measured to determine  their  s i g n i f i c a n c e i n forming each a s s o c i a t i o n and t h e i r  effect  ii  on n a t u r a l  regeneration. The  r e s u l t s of the study i n d i c a t e that the three  f o r e s t a s s o c i a t i o n s are i d e n t i f i a b l e i n the e a r l y stages of secondary s u c c e s s i o n .  The i d e n t i f i c a t i o n of the sword-  f e r n - western redcedar and s a l a l was p o s s i b l e from v e g e t a t i o n  - Douglas-fir  associations  c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s alone.  Identi-  f i c a t i o n of the moss - western hemlock a s s o c i a t i o n n e c e s s i t a t e d the use of p h y s i o g r a p h i c  position, soil  depth, and  vegetation. S t r u c t u r a l l y , a l l a s s o c i a t i o n s contained average t o t a l cover, but d i f f e r e d c o n s i d e r a b l y composition and l a y e r dominance.  The s a l a l  the same  i n species  - Douglas-fir  a s s o c i a t i o n had a very w e l l developed shrub l a y e r dominated by a low cover of Gaultheria  shallon  s  moss layer,dominated by Hylocomium developed herb l a y e r . followed  a well splendens  3  developed and a p o o r l y  The moss - western hemlock a s s o c i a t i o n  a s i m i l a r trend.  The swordfern - western redcedar  a s s o c i a t i o n was c h a r a c t e r i z e d by a w e l l developed shrub l a y e r dominated by Rubus  spectabilis  developed both i n species  3  a herb l a y e r that was w e l l -  composition and cover, and a p o o r l y  developed moss l a y e r .  I t was found that f a c t o r s such as the  degree o f d i s t u r b a n c e ,  spacing  parent m a t e r i a l  o f the p l a n t e d  t r e e s , age, and  caused changes i n s t r u c t u r e and s p e c i e s  composition w i t h i n each a s s o c i a t i o n and between a s s o c i a t i o n s . In a d d i t i o n , s i t e treatment, e s p e c i a l l y s l a s h h u r n i n g , the s p e c i e s  affected  composition by e l i m i n a t i n g many of the low grow-  iii  ing  i n d i c a t o r species normally found i n an a s s o c i a t i o n that  had  had no  species  treatment.  i n the s a l a l  Slashburning  decreased the number of  - D o u g l a s - f i r a s s o c i a t i o n the  greatest,  while i n the swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n , t h i s r e d u c t i o n was The  of a l e s s e r  extent.  r e s u l t s of the  s t a t i s t i c a l analysis indicate  that a s s o c i a t i o n s coupled with s i t e treatment are more important  i n determining the number and  t r e e s invading Coniferous  species  and  t r e e s p r e f e r r e d the  burned.  salal  type.  - D o u g l a s - f i r and moss treatment or were  D o u g l a s - f i r , western hemlock, and  redcedar were a l l decreased i n numbers by The  coniferous  a logged s i t e than the a s s o c i a t i o n  western hemlock a s s o c i a t i o n s that had no piled  of  regeneration  slashburning.  of deciduous t r e e s was  be more s t r o n g l y c o n t r o l l e d by  western  found to  the a s s o c i a t i o n type.  swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n was  the  The  favoured  association. All  coniferous  species p r e f e r r e d a mineral  seedbed f o r germination, however, s u r v i v a l was for Douglas-fir.  low  soil  except  Western hemlock p r e f e r r e d a decaying wood  substratum and western redcedar was  found most o f t e n  on  r a p i d l y decomposing organic matter i n moist pockets. The coniferous  study i n d i c a t e d that an adequate number of  t r e e s e x i s t e d i n a l l a s s o c i a t i o n s and  ments according  to normal r e s t o c k i n g  standards.  site treatWestern  iv  hemlock was  the dominant t r e e s p e c i e s and  i n an uneven clumped p a t t e r n . cedar were r e l a t i v e l y  poorly  s i t e treatment c l a s s e s .  generally  occurred  D o u g l a s - f i r and western  red-  stocked i n a l l a s s o c i a t i o n s  I n d i c a t i o n s are that  and  supplemental  p l a n t i n g of D o u g l a s - f i r would be needed to reach a d e s i r a b l e level  of s t o c k i n g of D o u g l a s - f i r  in a l l associations  studied.  V  TABLE  OF  CONTENTS Page  ABSTRACT  i  LIST  OF T A B L E S  v i i  LIST  OF F I G U R E S  LIST  OF A P P E N D I C E S  v i i i x i i  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I. II. III.  INTRODUCTION  1  L I T E R A T U R E REVIEW  4  D E S C R I P T I O N OF A R E A  STUDIED  7  1.  Hemlock Zone  7  2. IV.  xiii  Coastal  Western  Soils  11  Vegetation  13  Geological  History  o f t h e Study  Area.  . .  15  METHODS  17  1.  Approach  17  2.  Selection  3.  Plot  4.  Forest  5.  Associations  6.  Analytical  of Plots  17  Size  18  Association Examined  19  Procedure  General  data  Synthesis  20  environmental  Vegetation Tree  19  data  data  20  anlaysis  21  analysis of vegetation  25 .  25  vi Page 7. V.  Lesser  RESULTS PART 1.  AND  Vegetation  . . . . . . .  DISCUSSION  I - ASSOCIATION  Moss  29  AND  F l o r i s t i c Features Associations Salal  STRUCTURAL  o f the Three  - Douglas-fir - western  ANALYSIS  . .  Serai  association  hemlock  . . . .  association.  . .  60  Variation i n vegetation and s t r u c t u r e between and w i t h i n a s s o c i a t i o n s . . . .  60  V a r i a t i o n c a u s e d by t r e a t m e n t on t h e s t r u c t u r e and g e n e r a l species composition of the three a s s o c i a t i o n s  68  PART I I - S E E D L I N G SERAL A S S O C I A T I O N S  VI.  by on  .  t r e a t m e n t and the i n d i v i d u a l 70  VII.  76 ESTABLISHMENT  Seedling establishment Deciduous Trees Seedbed  SUMMARY  41  50  Summary  2.  31  redcedar  Causes o f V a r i a t i o n i n V e g e t a t i o n a l C o m p o s i t i o n and S t r u c t u r e w i t h i n t h e Three Serai Associations  V a r i a t i o n caused a s s o c i a t i o n type plant species  1.  31  31  Swordfern - western association 2.  28  AND  LITERATURE APPENDICES  Characteristics CONCLUSION CITED  WITHIN  THE  THREE 77  of Coniferous  and 77  of Coniferous  Trees.  105 12 0 127 133  vii  TABLES Page TABLE  1  Species  TABLE  2  Sociability  TABLE  3  Regeneration  TABLE  4  D i s t r i b u t i o n o f t r e e s i n numbers o f t r e e s p e r a c r e by a s s o c i a t i o n and t r e a t m e n t . .  78  Number class  80  TABLE  TABLE  TABLE  TABLE  5  6  7  8  significance scale  23  scale height  of deciduous  Number o f c o n i f e r o u s age c l a s s  24 classes  trees  trees  26  per acre  p e r acre  by age  by 81  Factors with a c o r r e l a t i o n c o e f f i c i e n t .30 o r g r e a t e r Number o f D o u g l a s - f i r s e e d l i n g s three types o f seedbeds  growing  of 106 on 115  v i i i  FIGURES Page FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  1  2  3  4  Map s h o w i n g t h e l o c a t i o n o f t h e U . B . C . R e s e a r c h F o r e s t and t h e M i s s i o n T r e e Farm w h e r e t h e s t u d y was c a r r i e d o u t  8  P h o t o - m o s a i c map o f t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h Columbia R e s e a r c h F o r e s t , Haney, B.C. Dots i n d i c a t e l o c a t i o n of study plots. A p p r o x i m a t e s c a l e - 1:24,000. . .  9  Map o f M i s s i o n T r e e F a r m . l o c a t i o n of study p l o t s . 1 2 5 , 000  o f Pteridium  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  5  6  7  8  indicate - 1: 10  P l o t 48 i n t h e s a l a l - D o u g l a s - f i r a s s o c i a t i o n was s e v e r e l y s l a s h b u r n e d 2 years p r i o r to examination. Note cover  aquilinum  and  angustifolium and absence tree regeneration FIGURE  Dots S.cale  E-pilohium  o f any  visible 32  P l o t 47, 7 y e a r s a f t e r p i l i n g and b u r n i n g . Note poor r e g e n e r a t i o n and s u r v i v a l o f planted Douglas-fir  32  P l o t 11 i n t h e s a l a l - D o u g l a s - f i r association i l l u s t r a t e s the vegetation i n an a r e a t h a t h a d no t r e a t m e n t a f t e r . logging  35  H e a v y Gaultheria shallon c o v e r f o r m i n g on d e c a y i n g wood a f t e r l o g g i n g a n d no f u r t h e r treatment i n the s a l a l - D o u g l a s - f i r association  35  Moist  pockets  areas. spicantj splendens  characteristic  Polystiahum Dryopteris  munition, austviaca  are prominent  here  of  logged  Bleohnum and Eylooomium 38  ix Page FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  P l o t 32 i n t h e m o s s - w e s t e r n h e m l o c k a s s o c i a t i o n , 8 y e a r s a f t e r l o g g i n g and no t r e a t m e n t . Tsuga heterophillla primary tree species  ,  42  P l o t 33 i n t h e m o s s - w e s t e r n h e m l o c k association 8 years a f t e r logging, piling and b u r n i n g , and p l a n t i n g o f D o u g l a s - f i r a t a 6x6 f o o t s p a c i n g  42  Moss - w e s t e r n hemlock a s s o c i a t i o n ( P l o t 45) on a n o r t h e x p o s u r e . N o t e amount o f Tsuga  hetevophylla  45  Salal - Douglas-fir association ( P l o t 41) 7 years after slashburning on a s o u t h w e s t exposure. N o t e a m o u n t o f Gaulthevia shallow. and l a c k o f any r e g e n e r a t i o n e x c e p t f o r planted Douglas-fir  45  P l o t 2 e x h i b i t s the thick undergrowth of the swordfern - western redcedar association.  51  A successful plantation the swordfern - western { P l o t 27)  51  of Douglas-fir i n redcedar association  Plot 8 i n the swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n 5 y e a r s a f t e r l o g g i n g and no treatment. N o t e t h e amount o f d e c i d u o u s t r e e r e g e n e r a t i o n and l a c k o f any v i s i b l e coniferous regeneration  53  Thick deciduous undergrowth i n swordfern western redcedar association. Note the poor establishment of planted Douglas-fir ( P l o t 28); '  53  Average cover i n percent of each a s s o c i a t i o n and treatment  61  layer  by  P l o t 4 i n the swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n shows t h e t h i c k d e v e l o p m e n t o f Rubus spectabilis 14 y e a r s a f t e r logging and s l a s h b u r n i n g  63  X Page FIGURE  19  Plot 5 i n the swordfern - western r e d c e d a r a s s o c i a t i o n on poorly-drained glacio-marine parent material. Note  a m o u n t o f Juncus  effusus  a n d Alnus  rubra  and l a c k o f c o n i f e r o u s regeneration y e a r s a f t e r l o g g i n g and p i l i n g and burning FIGURE  20  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  21  22  23  24  25  26  27  28  63  L a c k o f g r o u n d c o v e r u n d e r 6x6 f o o t spacing o f D o u g l a s - f i r i n P l o t 37. Upper p h o t o g r a p h shows s e v e r a l s m a l l w e s t e r n hemlock s e e d l i n g s and c o n i f e r o u s litter. L o w e r p h o t o g r a p h shows d e c a y i n g stems o f  Eubus FIGURE  4  spectabilis  66  Mean s i g n i f i c a n c e and p r e s e n c e o f f i f t e e n selected species i n the s a l a l - Douglasf i r association  71  Mean s i g n i f i c a n c e a n d p r e s e n c e o f f i f t e e n s e l e c t e d s p e c i e s i n t h e moss - w e s t e r n hemlock a s s o c i a t i o n  72  Mean s i g n i f i c a n c e a n d p r e s e n c e o f f i f t e e n s e l e c t e d species i n the swordfern - western redcedar association  73  Number o f t r e e s p e r a c r e o f t h r e e s p e c i e s a n d two g r o u p s o f s p e c i e s individual associations  96  tree for  The number o f t r e e s p e r a c r e by h e i g h t class of c o n i f e r o u s and d e c i d u o u s t r e e s f o r t h e s a l a l - D o u g l a s - f i r a s s o c i a t i o n , age c l a s s 8 - 10, a n d no t r e a t m e n t .  97  The number o f t r e e s p e r a c r e by h e i g h t class of coniferous and d e c i d u o u s t r e e s f o r t h e moss - w e s t e r n h e m l o c k a s s o c i a t i o n , age c l a s s 8 - 10, a n d no t r e a t m e n t  98  The number o f t r e e s p e r a c r e by h e i g h t class of coniferous and d e c i d u o u s t r e e s f o r t h e swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n , age c l a s s 5 - 7 , and p i l e d and burned . .  99  Western r e d c e d a r and w e s t e r n hemlock s e e d l i n g s g e r m i n a t i n g on m i n e r a l soil seedbed  108  xi Page FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  FIGURE  29  30  31  32  33  34  Douglas-fir seedling typical mineral s o i l  germinating seedbed  on 108  E f f e c t i v e n e s s o f Ptevidium aquilinum [bracken fern) fronds i n r e s t r i c t i n g regeneration  tree I l l  Tsuga heterophylla source of decaying  g r o w i n g on a wood. . .  buried  Adventitious roots redcedar branch  forming  western  on a  T y p i c a l clumped h a b i t o f western regeneration following logging  I l l  113 hemlock  D o u g l a s - f i r g r o w i n g w e l l on d e c a y i n g of f a l l e n western redcedar t r e e  113 wood 117  xii  APPENDICES  Page APPENDIX  1  133  PART  I.  General  PART  II.  Vegetation  PART  III.  Tree  APPENDIX  Environment Synthesis  and Stand  Tables.  141  Tables  145  Description.  . . . \  II  Checklist  of Species  found  i n the  Serai  APPENDIX  209  III  Analysis  156 207  Associations APPENDIX  .  218 of Variance  Tables  IV  Correlation Features  219 222  Coefficients  f o r Environmental 223  xiii  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS  I wish to acknowledge my indebtedness to the members of my committee:  to Dr. J.V. Thirgood of the F a c u l t y of  F o r e s t r y , my a d v i s o r , who p r o v i d e d f i n a n c i a l support and encouragement; to Dr. T. B a l l a r d to the Department of S o i l Science and Mr. J . Walters, D i r e c t o r of the U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia  Research F o r e s t , f o r t h e i r  constructive  reviews and c r i t i c i s m s of the manuscript. I wish to express my thanks to Mr. I. Rockwell of the M i s s i o n Tree Farm who f a m i l i a r i z e d me with the area and allowed me to c a r r y out my study t h e r e .  I am indebted t o Dr.  A. Kozak, F a c u l t y of F o r e s t r y , who p r o v i d e d i n v a l u a b l e a i d i n the s t a t i s t i c a l analyses and t o Mrs. L i l l i a n a s s i s t a n c e i n computer programming.  Kerr f o r  I wish a l s o t o thank  Dr. V.C. B r i n k , Department of P l a n t Science, f o r a s s i s t a n c e i n i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f the d i f f i c u l t  grasses.  Special  a l s o go t o Janet Lee Urhahn, TERA Environmental  thanks  Resource  A n a l y s t L i m i t e d , f o r help i n the d r a f t i n g o f the f i g u r e s and use of the f a c i l i t i e s .  Most p a r t i c u l a r l y  I wish to extend  s p e c i a l thank to Mr. K. K l i n k a , Ph.D. candidate, Department of Botany, who guided me i n the i n i t i a l  stages of the study  and helped i n the i d e n t i f i c a t i o n of v a s c u l a r p l a n t s .  xiv  A large part t o my i n the  of the  w i f e , Donna, w i t h o u t f i e l d work t h i s  her. I am  forever I was  Forestry Service  success of t h i s  study  whose s p i r i t u a l h e l p  t h e s i s would not  be  goes  and  assistance  possible.  To  grateful. supported during and  the  study  by  the  the Department of F o r e s t r y of  U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia.  Canadian the  1  I.  The Krajina  Coastal  (1965),  Columbia.  heterophy  attain  their  that  highest  tables  times  Consequently, industry.  utmost  this  zone  o f wood  conducted,  redcedar  only  conclusions t h e wet  may  be  because  value  promote  the d r y subzone  was  where  Western  faster  i s of the Columbia  Hemlock  Zone.  derived  from  in field  B u t many  f o r the d r y subzone  forest  study  involved  studied.  1960).  this  on t h e r e s u l t s  o f the time  two t o  to the  species  Farm,  the Coastal  a greater  and procedures  Tree  show  (Fligg  the U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h  l i e within  However,  Empirical  valuable  of the p r e f e r r e d  Both  plicata)  Columbia  will  namely  hemlock  i n the interior  that  British  (Thuja  region  by  trees,  production.  i s exceedingly  and the M i s s i o n  factor places study.  sites  timber  in British  any p r a c t i c e  and growth  Forest  analysis,  to  o f good  importance.  Research  the  major  western  and w e s t e r n  stands  identified  of coastal  menziesii)  level  Therefore,  regeneration  This  the three  f o r natural  that  Zone,  area  the p r o d u c t i v i t y of the c o a s t a l  three  was  zone,  lla),  Hemlock  a large  (Pseudotsuga  (Tsuga  yield  Western  occupies  In t h i s  Douglas-fir  INTRODUCTION  c a n be  of the applied  subzone.  Scientific, II.  common n a m e s  and authors  are contained  i n Appendix  2  Forests a  number  ly  o f age  quite  gained.  to  of  Because  within  time,  define.  stages  programme  scape  into  as w e l l  of trees  were  two-fold:  stages  and s t r u c t u r e  tree  d r y subzone  hoped  that  generation forest  and  i n three  that  accurate character-  association.  of the  f o r a better  after  logging,  land-  underregenerathe  of this  be  i n the  to evaluate forest  Western  will  will  is  ecologically  objectives  i n vegetation  characteristics  forest  openings  succession,iand  differences  that  system  study  i n t e r p r e t the v e g e t a t i o n a l  of the Coastal  associations  The  of logged  regeneration  initial  one, r e g a r d i n g  patterns  undertaken.  to describe  of secondary  natural the  was  difficult  the  and t h e d i v i s i o n  accurate  and v e g e t a t i o n  study  composition  as a more  are  f o r a more  to provide  after  i f an e f f e c t i v e  i n each  o f a need  some  i n structure  of the regeneration  found  units  having  information  during  recognized  of s i l v i c u l t u r e  homogeneous  of  i s t o be d e v e l o p e d  species  recognition  sound  following  be  i n the understanding  of the tree  standing  must  frequent-  of vegetation  patterns  processes  contain  are  and d i v e r s i t y  successional  classification  In  tion  forest  stages,  t h e amount  longevity  that  Therefore,  patterns  enhances  Y e t the dynamic  useful  istics  and u n s t a b l e .  of their  of succession  forest  and  greatly  activity,  and s u c c e s s i o n a l  of the developmental  disturbance  and  classes  heterogeneous  knowledge a  a f f e c t e d b y human  the r o l e  associations  Hemlock Zone.  patterns  evident  provide  initial  added  of  within It i s  and t r e e r e -  between the  three  information f o r  3  the it  management was  Part  found  I deals  due  t o man's  and  Part  over  advantageous with  activities  In t h i s  and e a s i l y  areas.  to d i v i d e  the vegetation  II analyzes  association. clear  of logged  within  the thesis  analysis  the three  the seedling way  To meet  manner.  into  objectives two  parts.  variations  associations  establishment  the objectives  understood  and  these  within  c a n b e met  studied, each  in a  more  4  II.  In plete  ecosystematic  (1959,  zones,  divided which  approach  were  i s founded  soils  i s a product  organisms concept  climate,  mainly  and t h e a s s o c i a t e d  the  i s derived  regenerating Although the  plants  Krajina  from  zone  and t o p o g r a p h i c  concept  of the  material,  as w e l l  (1941, as  topography,  o f ideas  1960) t h a t  i n the makes  i s d i f f e r e n t i a t e d by t h e  vegetation  plant  The r e c o g n i t i o n  on t h e amount  of  of precipitation  changes.  T h e name o f  o f the dominant  self-  and i n the u n d e r s t o r y .  the mesic he does  climaxes,  polyclimax.  Basically  by J e n n y  vegetation  habitat.  community,  study.  holocoenotic.  i n the overstory  edaphic  f o rthis  biogeoclimatic  devised  (Krajina  Krajina  subzones.  integration  t h e name  recognizes  c l i m a t i c climax  into  a n d com-  by  and the c l i m a t i c c l i m a x  received zone  eleven  parent  or  biogeoclimatic  i s based  adopted  i s that  e x i s t i n g on a m e s i c  subzone  was  on t h e c o n c e p t  association  soil,  developed  into  It i s this  significant  was  subdivided  ecosystematic  the zonal  community  Columbia  of climate,  of the plant  approach  t h e most  approach  (1951) w h i c h  and time.  Each  each  This  further  and Major  REVIEW  classification  British  1961)  this  Columbia,  1965, 1969).  Krajina  his  British  LITERATURE  association  as  distinguish  i n recognition  being  between  of the  5  Previous clearcutting of  succession  Yerkes early  broad  been  There  successional and  the  variation  variables outlined  such the  as  moss-liverwort,  and  (3)  McMinn  have  (1951)  d i s t i n g u i s h e d a number  previous  (1969)  studied  succession. themselves during  the  He after  severely  to  disturbed  whereas  stages  in  eight  stages  weeds  and  the  existing  result  only  because  site  type  and  Dyrness  after  and  the  (1973)  logging:  short-lived perennials,  vegetation Columbia  in  on  No  this  and  prelogging  gradually  invader and  a  20-year-  Research  vegetation  habitat.  Also  the  removal  Forest  types  evaluation  same  area,  species  of  Kellman  secondary maintain  r e - e s t a b l i s h dominance  (pioneer)  concentrate  species i n the  respond more  sites.  Mueller-Dombois al  on  i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s during  that  logging  canopy  a  aspect.  secondary  made.  plant  noted  succession  initially  was  based As  1958,  stratify  distinguished  British  of  composition  stand  to  intensity,  described  and  the  fire  U n i v e r s i t y of  species  Morris  knowledge  seedlings.  burn  on  been  annual  old  based  the  1940,  communities,  successional  tree  general  attempt  e l e v a t i o n , and  (2)  and  (Isaac  following  a  communities.  age,  soil,  (1)  at  to  typical  shrubs  mature  succession  obtaining  little  into  stages  due  at  been  stages  successional  secondary  logging  has  nearby  of  aimed  following  1960).  vegetation  of  have  studies  (1960)  associations  studied that  were  the  early  described  successionin  their  6  mature s t a t e by K r a j i n a and  S p i l s b u r y (1953).  Information  on t h e i r environmental and v e g e t a t i o n a l aspects secondary s u c c e s s i o n was  d e s c r i b e d and  that even a f t e r c l e a r c u t t i n g and p l a n t a s s o c i a t i o n was  still  evaluated.  slashburning  evident.  in early  the  He  found  original  B a i l e y C1966),  using  a s i m i l a r method, i n v e s t i g a t e d p l a n t s u c c e s s i o n i n the southern  Oregon Coast Range. B a i l e y and Poulton  35-year-old  (1968) c l a s s i f i e d  23-,  29-  secondary communities i n northwest Oregon  r e l a t e d them to s i t e type. v e g e t a t i o n developing  The  r e s u l t s r e v e a l e d that  a f t e r f i r e i s c l a s s i f i a b l e and  and  and serai that  communities e x h i b i t c o n s i s t e n t r e l a t i o n s h i p s to environmental factors. Dyrness  (1965, 1973)  f o l l o w e d the e a r l y  of p l a n t s u c c e s s i o n a f t e r logging and burning Cascades i n Oregon. seven years  He  stages  i n the western  documented v e g e t a t i v e changes f o r  on permanent m i l a c r e p l o t s .  The  prelogging  p l a n t communities were d e s c r i b e d before  logging.  i n disturbance  h i g h l y a f f e c t e d the  from l o g g i n g and burning  s u c c e s s i o n a l trends. supported  Areas d i s t u r b e d by l o g g i n g , but  a d i v e r s i t y of r e s i d u a l and  burned areas were occupied  invader  mostly by invader  a l s o found that the p o s t l o g g i n g were d i s t i n g u i s h a b l e .  Differences  and  unburned,  s p e c i e s ; whereas species.  the p r e l o g g i n g  He  communities  7  III.  The of  British  s t u d y was  Columbia  Mission  Tree  located  on  between  Pitt  indicate  Farm  the  topography  soil  i s mainly  from  a  summers  1.  The  to  Krajina  mild  wet Kerr  (1959,  investigators: Mueller-Dombois  Krajina (1960,  K u r a m o t o (.196 5) , a n d  Hemlock  origin  feet. and  1955).  Fire  Hemlock  and  Wade  mountain  the  and  2 and  3  forests.  and  soil  are  range  two  Zone  varies The  are  development.  and  between  climate  logging the  The  i n depth  comparatively  Hemlock  Z o n e was  and  been  has  Lesko  (1965) .  areas  two  is  warm  dry  history areas.  Zone  Spilsbury  1965),  Both  the  rock outcroppings. and  winters  1969)  on  University  and  Figures  vegetation,  o r more  Western  1965,  coast  The  B.C.  B.C.  (Fig. 1).  differences  Western  Coastal  the  Western  t i l l  three  the major  of  areas:  Haney,  w i t h numerous  to  and  Coastal The  by  by  two  study p l o t s  i n climate,  of g l a c i a l  (Kendrew  contribute  Coastal  STUDIED  Mission,  Lakes the  i s rugged  inches  characterized  of  on  Forest,  near  Harrison  similar  few  located  the  -  AREA  conducted  Research  location  Both:.lie : w i t h i n  The  OF  southern fringe  and  the  generally  DESCRIPTION  identified  studied  (1953), O r l o c i (1961), E i s  This  zone  by  several  (1961,  1964),  (1962),  i s the most  typical  FIGURE 1  Map showing t h e l o c a t i o n o f t h e U.B.C. R e s e a r c h F o r e s t and t h e M i s s i o n T r e e Farm where t h e s t u d y was c a r r i e d o u t .  FIGURE 2  Photormosaic map of the U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h Columbia Research F o r e s t , Haney, B.C. Dots i n d i c a t e l o c a t i o n of study p l o t s . Approximate s c a l e - 1:24,000.  FIGURE 3  Map o f M i s s i o n T r e e Farm. D o t s i n d i c a t e l o c a t i o n of study p l o t s . S c a l e - 1:125,000.  11  of  coastal  and  British  extending  Columbia,  inland  beginning  directly  on t h e s l o p e s o f t h e C o a s t  at the coast and  Cascade  Mountains. The in  British  its  climate  after  range  temperature: -7°  of temperature: - 4 0 ° C;  precipitation:  inches;  seasonal  65  9  absolute  a b s o l u t e minimum  - 262  occurrence  i n percent  3000  maximum  - 250 d a y s ;  -30  to  annual  snowfall:  of total  - 45%*- i n , w i n t e r - a n d 7 - 1 5 % i n summer;  5 - 9 ° C;  temperature:  inches; annual  equable  summarized  temperature:  - 2 1 ° C;  120  by an  zone  a m i l d e r Dfb  (1969)  annual  days:  i s the wettest  extent  Krajina  mean  C; n u m b e r o f f r o s t - f r e e  total  30  (1936).  Zone  i s characterized  ( C f b ) a n d t o some  as f o l l o w s :  26  Hemlock  The c l i m a t e  Koppen  attributes  annual  Western  Columbia.  mesothermal climate,  Coastal  5 - 295  precipitation:  eleva'tibn:  0 :  feet. The  zone  precipitation. subzone  The a n n u a l  ranges  characterized  i s subdivided into  from  total  65 t o 110  b y an a n n u a l  precipitation  inches.  total  two s u b z o n e s  The wet  precipitation  based  on  i n the dry subzone i s o f 110 t o 262  inches. Since subzone zone  the study  of the Coastal  will  i s only  Western  be d i s c u s s e d f u r t h e r  concerned  Hemlock  Zone,  concerning  with  the drier  only  soils  this  sub-  and v e g e t a t i o n .  Soils The by  Krajina  zonal  (1969)  soils  of the drier  as Humo-Ferric  subzone  or Ferro-Humic  were  identified  Podzols.  Zonal  12  soils  are those  directly  having  well  and i n d i r e c t l y  influenced  by extremes  reflect  generally  have  soil  surface.  The t h i c k  the cool  fungal and  activity,  The  from  soil  pH  ranging  Ae  horizon,  from 3.7  B horizon.  on t h e m i n e r a l  and a predominance  zone  little  activity  are promoted  1946; B u o l ,  Hole  i n this thus  zone  t o form  i n an a c i d  environ-  and McCracken (Ovington a strong  many  1956).  leaching  horizon  horizon  precipitation  and t h e c y c l i n g  1973),  of the minerals  an e l u v i a t e d  and an i l l u v i a t e d  (Madgewick  of  bacteria  causes  removing  i s the result  by  of coniferous l i t t e r  process  (1961)  t o 5.4 He  also  c a l c i u m , magnesium,  by  the high  i n the  also  and O v i n g t o n  lower  contri-  of nutrients  in  1959; T a r r a n t  soils  loam  the soils  t o be v e r y  acid  i n t h e 0 h o r i z o n s , 3.5  i n t h e A h h o r i z o n a n d 4.0 noted  t h e absence  and p o t a s s i u m  precipitation  The sandy  found  2.9 t o 4.9  of  from  accumulations  Pod-  1968). Lesko  the  and d r a i n a g e .  of this  horizons  environment  being  o f r a w humus  T h r o u g h f a l l and stemflow  forest  without  which  accumulation  place,  to the leaching  al.  r a w humus  Fungi  the organic layers  profile.  et  to take  the upper  under  the  fauna.  precipitation  the s o i l  material  relatively  is characteristic  heavy  bute  with  (Lutz and Chandler  which  of  temperatures  burrowing  ment  thick  characteristics  the climate,  of parent  zols  of  developed  promoting  generally  to gravelly  t o 4.6  i n the  t o 6.0 i n accumulation  i n the B horizon  caused  leaching.  exhibit  loamy  o f an  with  a coarse  sand.  texture  The s o i l s  ranging  are stony  13  with  the  stones Soil  several the  mapping  Tree  Farm  for forestry Farm,  merding  as  and  has  of  British  operation Science,  mapping  unit  of was  the  surrounding f o r the of  by  of  the  soil  the  mature  the  done  of  of  the  mapped  by  Lutt-  Department  soils  Research division  in  co-  Department In  1  Mission  Columbia  the  by  entire  Columbia  the  Columbia.  boulders.  compartment  of A g r i c u l t u r e  Lavkulich  British  been  a r e a , was  British  mapped  large  capability  British  Department  and  has  Subsequently,  preliminarily  University  areas  to  (1967) mapped  University  Rowles  gravel  determined  the  Columbia  with  from  study  Kowall  (1968)  The  been  the  and  as  Sprout  Forest  basic  of  purposes.  well  Agriculture.  the  in size  investigators.  M i s s i o n Tree  soils  of  varying  of  a l l cases  Soil  the  series.  Vegetation The the  drier  been  done  (1972). more  subzone  of  the  (1961,  The  mature  associations  and  forest  C o a s t a l Western  Orloci  1964),  ecologically  Eis  associations  in  Hemlock  has  (1962)  must  be  diverse  and  Zone  Kojima  analyzed  serai  before  stages  can  the be  understood. In  menziesii  of  by  unstable  fully  this  and  3  state. times  study  zone  Thuja  Pseudotsuga reaching  (Krajina  1959).  Tsuga  plioata menziesii  300  feet  hetevophylla reach  Pseudotsuga  the  attain  in height  Pseudotsuga  3  and  menziesii  most  productive  i t s best 12  growth,  feet  in  occurs  as  some-  diameter a  pioneer  14  tree  (moderately shade i n t o l e r a n t ) on a l l s i t e s except the  d r i e s t hygrotope.  Consequently, i t u s u a l l y becomes e s t a b l i s h e d  a f t e r f i r e or l o g g i n g as secondary s u c c e s s i o n the growth of the stand coniferous  continues  progresses.  under the humid c o n d i t i o n s ,  l i t t e r and dead trees begin to decay, advancing  the process o f p o d z o l i z a t i o n and promoting raw humus causing  As  the h a b i t a t to become more f a v o r a b l e  ment of Tsuga  hetevophylla.  According  formation  to the e s t a b l i s h -  to K r a j i n a  (1965),  an abundance of a c i d mor humus g r e a t l y enhances the e s t a b l i s h ment o f Tsuga  hetevophylla.  climax s p e c i e s  Tsuga  hetevophylla  i s the c l i m a t i c  on mesic h a b i t a t s but i s commonly found i n a l l  h a b i t a t s throughout the C o a s t a l Western Hemlock Zone. Thuja  plioata  water i s abundant.  grows best  on s i t e s where seepage  Because o f the ample supply  of n u t r i e n t s  and moisture on these s i t e s , s o i l organisms are abundant, forming a mull humus which i s favourable Thuja  p l i o a t a u s u a l l y becomes dominant i n d e p r e s s i o n a l r e -  c e i v i n g areas or a l l u v i a l h a b i t a t s along Several macvophyllum, rubva  3  feva,  to the s p e c i e s .  Aoev  deciduous t r e e s a r e commonly found:  Pvunus  emavginata  Covnus  3  oivoinatum  Populus  3  and Bhamnus  streams.  puvshiana.  nuttallii  tviohoeavpa,  Aoev  Alnus  3  Betula  papyvi-  A l l o f these deciduous  trees  r e q u i r e a f a i r l y moist and r i c h h a b i t a t to a t t a i n t h e i r peak productivity. Pinus ly, it  Pinus  oontovta  montieola  ±  s  and Pinus  montieola  occur  infrequent-  b e t t e r adapted to montane areas but  i s u s u a l l y e l i m i n a t e d by the white pine b l i s t e r r u s t  before  15  it  achieves dominance.  Pinus  contorta  i s very shade  intol-  erant and t h e r e f o r e a c t s p r i m a r i l y as an invader of open areas i f a seed source i s a v a i l a b l e .  2.  Geological'.History of the ..Study Areas: The  study areas were s u b j e c t e d to four  glaciations:  Seymour, Semiamu, Vashon, and a minor one  that only g l a c i a t e d  the v a l l e y s , the Sumas (Armstrong  The Vashon was  1957).  the  most important g l a c i a t i o n as f a r as the s o i l s and present land f e a t u r e s of the study area are concerned. t i o n the land was  During each  depressed r e l a t i v e to the sea.  glacia-  As the i c e  wasted, the i c e p r e v i o u s l y r e s t i n g on the sea f l o o r thinned and f l o a t e d ,  l e a v i n g g l a c i o m a r i n e stoney c l a y d e p o s i t s  below 500 f e e t e l e v a t i o n .  Succeeding  the i c e melt, the land  surface rose above the sea. Meltwater, produced  from wasting  g l a c i a l i c e , c r e a t e d l o c a l i z e d areas of g l a c i a l outwash d e p o s i t s above 500 f e e t The  elevation.  i c e moved i n a g e n e r a l l y s o u t h e r l y d i r e c t i o n  forming a v a l l e y trend running n o r t h to south. are  The  valleys  u s u a l l y broad and U-shaped w i t h steep s i d e s . The mountains are composed mainly of quartz d i o r i t e ,  g r a n o d i o r i t e , or d i o r i t e .  V o l c a n i c or sedimentary rocks are  found only l o c a l l y and c o n s i d e r e d of minor ( G e o l o g i c a l Map drift of  of B.C.,  1948).  importance  Within the study area, g l a c i a l  i s by f a r the most abundant m a t e r i a l and u n d e r l i e s most  the t e r r a i n .  The depth of the t i l l  v a r i e s from a t h i n  veneer on the top of the s l o p e s to deep p l a i n d e p o s i t s on the  16  lower  slopes.  o f the  till  ice against  ablation t i l l and  The  and  w i t h i n the  surface.  Basal  glacier.  This  i s d e r i v e d from the m e c h a n i c a l  the rock basal  i c e , and till  strata  till.  and  c o n s i s t s o f two  Ablation t i l l  as t h e g l a c i e r m e l t s  on  i t falls  the  to  i s compacted under the weight of  the  compacted m a t e r i a l i s r e l a t i v e l y impermeable The  a great  t h e r e f o r e tends to r e f l e c t the  and  types,  i s material  t o r o o t s and w a t e r .  size  abrasion  d i s t a n c e and composition  basal t i l l  g e n e r a l l y does not  of the u n d e r l y i n g  bedrock.  travel  crystal  17  IV.  1.  Approach The  by  the  were  basic  followed  (1952), 1959,  Poore  1960,  Only  of  which  ecosystem  sample  erties.  and in  be  can  Although  identical  At Forest  preliminary  These  C1932,  (1957),  discussion  school  have  195.1), and  been Billings  Krajina  (1933,  i s necessary  here  adopted.  were  Each  be  a  subjectively  plot  i s considered  complete  i t i s apparent  pattern  plots  sample  characterized  i n every  and  were  ecosystem  map  chosen  stand f l o r i s t i c a l l y  detail,  by  a  that  of  as  that  no  two  a  that as  sampling  particular set of  plots of  so  well  t o be  certain  comparison  disclosed  are  propgoing  floristic  analogous  relationships  structure.  the U n i v e r s i t y  sample  study.  a brief  e n v i r o n m e n t a l d a t a has vegetation  developed  Ziirich-Montpellier  Becking  plots  represents  and  initially  Plots  physiographically.  to  1956),  represented a uniform  unit,  the  methods  Braun-Blanquet  the methods  Selection  each  by  (1955,  1965).  The  of  and  i n conducting this  in detail  clarify  2.  approach  phytosociologists  discussed  to  METHODS  of  British  tentatively of  the  Columbia  selected  Forest  Research  using  (1972).  Klinka's  Final  identi-  18  fixation  of  the  position  on  slope,  vegetation  and In  the  Mission  choose  the  existing  the Tree  Farm,  gained  was and  made type  i n the of  vegetation  absence  Columbia  mentioned  type  depth  location  experience British  site  of  a  a map  field  parent  i n the  detailed could not  utilizing  material,  adjacent  stands.  ecological  study  be  tentatively  used  to  of  the  plots  established there.  from  the  field  work  at  Forest,  as  well  Research  indicators,  were  used  to  residual  the  The  University  as  locate  at  of  the p r e v i o u s l y  each  plot  at  this  forest. When more in  than  an  ing  one  effort  plot to  intensity,  will  cause  tree  3.  Size Each  (1/40) work  was  and  was  topographic  growth  site  and  was At  i n the  summer  of  could  provide  difficult  to  nature  the  of  one-fortieth  in a  out  i n one  in site  cut-over  1973,  found  more handle  vegetation (1/40)  acre  type  preparation,  position.  that  described the  Such  even  a  burn-  variations as  well  as  though  (Orloci  i n cut-over were  one-fortieth of  (1/10)  time-consuming  plots  on  beginning  one-tenth  information and  site  area,  regeneration.  type plot.  i t was  out  vegetational dissimilarities  square  But  laid  variations  acre  used.  carried  usually  sample  lesser  affecting  Plot  sampling  the  the  field  acre  plots  larger  1964), because  areas. chosen.  plot  i t was of  were  the  size  very complex  Consequently,  19  4.  Forest  Association  The  d e f i n i t i o n of a f o r e s t a s s o c i a t i o n adopted f o r  t h i s study i s as  follows:  "A  f o r e s t a s s o c i a t i o n has  vegetation  composition and  a d e f i n i t e uniform  physiognomy, and  is  a s s o c i a t e d with a c e r t a i n set of environmental and  physical factors.  and  at e q u i l i b r i u m with the c l i m a t e  Because of past successional  f i r e s and  eventually  reach the  stages that w i l l  same climax a s s o c i a t i o n . increases  serai associations named according  climax  a l l develop i n t o  This reduces the  i t s usefulness.  For  s i z e of the  the  the classi-  these reasons,  of t h i s study have been i d e n t i f i e d  the  and  to the climax a s s o c i a t i o n to which they r e l a t e , climate,  topography remain r e l a t i v e l y u n a l t e r e d ,  the independent b i o t i c f a c t o r d i s c u s s e d  5.  final  i t draws together  since i n t r i n s i c c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s such as s o i l , m a t e r i a l , and  these  a c l a s s i f i c a t i o n on  more s t a b l e climax a s s o c i a t i o n i s that several successional  area."  f i n a l c l i m a t i c climax  a s s o c i a t i o n , the reason f o r c e n t e r i n g  f i c a t i o n and  of the  Although i t i s emphasized that  stages w i l l  state  l o g g i n g , numerous  stages e x i s t b e f o r e the  stage i s reached. successional  It i s i n a climax  Associations  by Jenny  parent as does  (1941).  Examined  Three a s s o c i a t i o n s were s e l e c t e d to be Salal  - Douglas-fir  ( x e r i c ) type  sampled:  20  Moss  - western  Swordfern  The western tions  were  covered and  6.  by  and  these  Analytical  i s small  club  rock,  - western  to  the  skunk  cabbage  redcedar because  other  -  associathe  area  associations  o f management  potential.  examined,  following  Procedure  a l l the  into  on  type  (subhygric-  investigation  compared  i n terms  Environmental  taken plot  Devil's  (mesic)  redcedar type  ecosystem  disregarded in this  On were  and  insignificant  General  - western hygric)  non-forested  redcedar  hemlock  Data plots  the  consideration for analysis  history:  Phy_si_og_raphy2_ 1.  Altitude  2.  Aspect  3.  Topography  4.  Micro-relief  5.  Slope  6.  Position  7.  Landform  8.  Texture  within  plot  gradient on  slope  of parent  material  of  the  parameters environment  21  Stand  descri£t:ion: 9.  Location  10. ,  Setting  size  11.  Date  12 .  Date  13.  Age  14.  Date  planted  15.  Type  of  treatment  16.  Burning  intensity  17.  Distance  to  seed  18.  Distance  to  south  19.  Type  logged since of  last  disturbance  stand  of  seed  source edge  source  Soi.l_and_organix__laye_rs :  The  20.  Soil  order  21.  Depth  22.  Hygrotope  23.  Percentage of s o i l , organic  24.  Percentage of brush overtopping trees.  of  organic  scales  used  for  Vegetation  Data  Analysis  Vegetation t o .the. f o l l o w i n g 1.  Estimate  of  layers  p l o t c o v e r e d by r o c k , s l a s h , m a t e r i a l , and d e c a y i n g wood  each  species  parameter  i n each  plot  are  was  overtopping  contained  assessed  or  mineral  non-  i n Appendix  with-reference  aspects: percentage  surface  cover  of  each  vegetation  I.  22  layer  defined  according  Layer  A:  Tree  Layer  B:  Shrub  layer  to  life  - trees  layer  - B^  form  over  and  30  height:  feet  in  height  - woody p l a n t s o v e r 6 f e e t b u t l e s s t h a n 30 f e e t  B^  - woody p l a n t s l e s s feet i n height  than  6  Layer  C:  Herb  layer  - a l l herbaceous p l a n t s including c r e e p i n g s h r u b s and c o m m e r c i a l trees species less than 1 foot tall  Layer  D:  Moss  layer  - DH  - Bryophytes  growing  on  humus  DW  - Bryophytes i n g wood  growing  on  decay-  DM  - Bryophytes soil  growing  on m i n e r a l  DR  - Bryophytes  growing  on  Each and  species  i s rated  sociability  according employed cance  to are  was  species  groups  approach  were  Kojimi  assess  plot,  1955,  1972)  comparison  the  and  The  done  been  (Braun-Blanquet Brayshaw  to  a  purposes.  by  1951;  Becking  because  sociability  visually.  1932,  2.  of  1957,  Species  The most  or  layer The  and  scales  signifi-  dominance  allows for  tendency  significance  adopted  (1933).  abundance  species  significance  vegetation  and  i n Tables,1  estimate of  has  respective  shown  singly.  estimates  species  scale  i n each  or  i n each  of  the Domin-Krajina  used  approximate  i n terms  rock.  to  of  a  an  grow  in  sociability  visual  estimation  phytosociologists  Krajina Orloci  and  Spilsbury  1964,  i t s efficiency  and  Bell speed  1953,  1964, f o r most  23  Table  Class  1  Species  significance  scale  (Domin  Description  +  Solitary,  1  Seldom,  2  Very  3  Scattered,  low dominance  4  Covering  5  - 101  5  Covering  10  - 20%  of the  plot  6  Covering  20  - 33%  of  the  plot  7  Covering  33  - 50%  o f the  plot  8  Covering  50  - 75%  of  plot  9  C o v e r i n g more of the p l o t  than  Covering  of  10  - Krajina,  very  very  low  low  scattered,  100%  dominance  dominance low  (1  dominance  of the  -  -  11)  2%)  (2  -  3%)  5%)  plot  the  75%  the  (3 -  (0  but  plot  less  than  100%  1933)  24  Table  2  Sociability  scale  (Krajina,  Class  Descript ion  +  Sociability  1  Groups,  up  to  4 x  2  Groups,  up  to  25 x  25  cm  3  Groups,  up  to  50  50  cm  4  Groups,  up  to  1/3  5  Groups,  up  to  1  6  Groups,  up  to  5  7  Groups,  up  to  25  8  Groups,  up  to  100  9  Groups,  up  to  200  10  Groups,  at  least  individual  0,  c  4  x  cm  m  2  - 3/4  - 2  plants  2 2 m  2  m  2  m  2 - 50 m  m  2  2  - 250 500  m  2  1933)  25  Tree Data A n a l y s i s Tree i n f o r m a t i o n  was handled i n a somewhat more  d e t a i l e d manner than the v e g e t a t i o n a l The  component.  t r e e a n a l y s i s c o n s i s t e d o f a t a l l y of a l l t r e e  species present  i n one f o o t height  classes  (Table  3).  De-  pending on the d e n s i t y of the s t o c k i n g on a p l o t , i t was d i v i d e d i n t o quarters  or t h i r d s and r e g e n e r a t i o n  each s e c t i o n and then t o t a l l e d The  number of t r e e s recorded  f o r a l l sections  recorded i n i n that p l o t .  on each p l o t were then converted  to a per acre b a s i s f o r purpose of comparison. On cut-over  areas that had been p l a n t e d ,  was made to separate and t a l l y the p l a n t e d of n a t u r a l o r i g i n .  an attempt  t r e e s from those  T h i s *ras done by comparing the height of  the p l a n t e d v s . n a t u r a l l y regenerated t r e e s , by whorl counts, and by observing  i f the t r e e s were i n rows.  This method work-  ed w e l l i n a l l areas except those that were o l d e r and extremel y dense i n which the row e f f e c t o f the p l a n t e d  t r e e s was  obscured.  Synthesis  of V e g e t a t i o n The  and  vegetation  synthesis  a n a l y s i s of the v e g e t a t i o n  were then a b s t r a c t e d  c o n s i s t s of a summation  data c o l l e c t e d .  The data  to form a s s o c i a t i o n s .  When the p l o t s were sampled they were grouped into tentative associations.  A l l p l o t s of the same t e n t a -  t i v e a s s o c i a t i o n s were grouped and s p e c i e s  s t r a t i f i e d by  26  Table  Regeneration 0  3  Regeneration  height  Class  classes  Height under  1  foot  in  1  1-2  2  2-3  3  3-4  4  4-5  5  5-6  6  6^7  7  7-8  8  8-9  9  9-10  10  10-11  etc.  etc.  (ft.)  27  layer. mean  For each  significance,  determined. layer more  The  species  two  cedure  was  KIinka  they  the f i n a l  "characteristic Krajina  they  were and  method  or  arranged  finally  presence  alphabetically.  a computer  Only  c l a s s e s were  for  identifying  Orloci species  considered  and  mean  This  pro-  developed  by.  dominant  presence  (80 - 1001)  significance  (70  cance  less  Important belong or  less  more  species:  - 80%)  were  formed,  a s s o c i a t i o n s were of species"  they  were  abstracted.  (Braun-Blanquet  1 9 6 1 ) was  employed  to typify  that  into  of the f o l l o w -  fell  as h a v i n g  one  some  diagnostic  an  value  the a s s o c i a t i o n :  Constant  Constant  tables  combination  1933,  ing  3.  out using  the synthesis  until  association.  2.  arranged  vegetation  I f two  values,  i n both  were  each  by p r e s e n c e .  significance alike  value  within  value,  presence,  (19 7 4 ) .  manipulated  1.  firstly  were  were  carried  arranged  i n presence  mean  species  Once  1932,  alike  an a s s o c i a t i o n , a  of significance  were  order,  to highest  significance,  The  species  were  o r more  within  and range  i n decreasing  according if  species  species:  a  species  and h i g h  than  significance  has  high  (mean  species  5.0).  a species  which  b u t low s i g n i f i c a n c e than  which  has h i g h  (mean  presence  species  signifi-  5.0).  companion  species:  t o any o f t h e above, exclusively with  a species but tends  a certain  which  does n o t  to associate  association.  more  28  Lesser  Vegetation The  on  the  of  a particular  more  role  use  of  of  than  association.  1957,  Daubenmire  overstory  species.  various  fertile  part  Second,  lesser vegetation  of  amplitude  •phylla  or  turbance from  1960). tion.  such  as  a  and  by  cate  effect  of  seed  tions. a  number  and  their  This of One  variation  roots  of  as  trees,  i n the  Coile  a narrower  such  1958)  1952). ecologi-  Tsuga  hetevo-  a major  lesser vegetation  tends  to  the  original  be  masked  indicative  ability an  to  by  but  invading  unstable  weed  species  that  rather  capitalize  pattern,  (Mueller-Dombois  tree  species  dis-  sprout  vegetation  occur  most  on  do the  tend  not  vegetato  truly  be indi-  availability  disturbed  situa-  condition persisting  for  lesser vegetation  the  years. problem  lack  of  ance  i n response  1956).  has  generally  after  may  in  is  a l l located  species,  environment,  results  identification  Youngberg  ( K a l e l a 1950,  ordinarily  short-lived serai of  feeding  usually  s t r u c t u r e may  this  and  emphasis  Third,  important  preceded  the  menziesii.  in  for  vegetation  Dyrness  profile  continue  change  Fourth,  are  overstory  fire,  However,  the  soil  Pseudotsuga  rhizomes  although  the  than  1968,  herbs  heavy  d i f f e r e n c e s and  First,  and  places  vegetation  Lesser  environmental  shrubs,  cal  classification  lesser understory  s e n s i t i v e to  (Becking  this  knowledge  i n the  about to  use  of  its distribution,  different  treatments-  habits,  and  is  toler-  or. d i s t u r b a n c e s  (Rowe  29  V.  The Chapter are  three  synthesis  treatment  stand  per  acre  from  left  Within  to  i n the v e g e t a t i o n  vertically  c)  b y d e c r e a s i n g mean s i g n i f i c a n c e , w h e r e w i t h i n a s t r a t u m i s i d e n t i c a l and  d)  alphabetically, are identical.  should  presence  plot  by s p e c i e s that  i n vegetative a number  associations  were b e i n g  ional  However, because at this  i f presence  be r e a l i z e d  broad  stage  dealt with  Therefore  a  synorder:  stratum  a n d mean  and h e i g h t  class.  these  associations  rather  units  than  of development,  brought  after have  and  could  i f mature  early  of the heterogeneity  extensive  significance  of trees  of smaller  characteristics  presence  t h e number  characteristics  o f the environment  vegetative  within  section contains  on e a c h  alteration  right  i n the following  by d e c r e a s i n g  ones.  data  strata  be d i v i d e d i n t o  stabilize.  description.  are ordered  The  information,  b)  found  permanent  I.  by  relatively  severe  general.plot  The s p e c i e s  description  vegetation  i n Appendix  t a b l e s , and s t a n d  and age.  as d e s c r i b e d i n  a)  It  possibly  analyzed  recorded  parts:  t a b l e s are arranged  The  are  into  DISCUSSION  has been  a s s o c i a t i o n , the p l o t s  thesis  AND  I I I , and t h e r e s u l t s  vegetation  by  vegetation  organized  each  RESULTS  success-  of the  about  by t h e  clearcutting, not had time  variability  occurs  .:  the  to  30  within  and between p l o t s  regardless  o f how  variability stages of  the early  aggravated  difficulty successional  shade  are  not found  the  more i m p o r t a n t  status  This  plant  and s o i l  associations.  trees  successional and d e s c r i p t i o n  This  difficulty i s plants  and herbaceous p l a n t s and tend  that  to cover  up  i n d i c a t i v e of a p a r t i c u l a r  results i n a greater  use of  environmental  each i n d i v i d u a l a s s o c i a t i o n .  purpose.  This  o f many s h o r t - l i v e d a n n u a l  species  d e p t h become  f o r this  i s carried.  i n the early  i n the mature a s s o c i a t i o n s  to characterize  parameters  process  association,  i n the i d e n t i f i c a t i o n  i n t o l e r a n t shrubs,  association. features  features  by t h e o c c u r r e n c e  and  i n t h e same  f a r the d i v i s i v e  i n vegetative  causes  grouped  two o f t h e m o s t  important  Water  31  PART I - ASSOCIATION AND STRUCTURAL  1.  ANALYSIS  F l o r i s t i c Features of the Three S e r a i  Salal  - Douglas-fir  Associations  association  T h i s a s s o c i a t i o n develops on r e l a t i v e l y s o i l s over bedrock u s u a l l y p o s s e s s i n g It g e n e r a l l y occupies r i d g e t o p s The  slope g r a d i e n t  45 p.ercent I, Parts  I and II contains The  a convex topography.  and upper slope p o s i t i o n s .  v a r i e s from 0 - 5  on n e u t r a l slopes  shallow  percent  on r i d g e s to  C F i g s . 4, 5, and 6 ) .  the data d i s c u s s e d  in this  c h a r a c t e r i s t i c combination o f s p e c i e s  association i s : Constant dominant  species:  Gaulthevia  shallon  Tsuga  hetevophylla  Ptevidium  aquilinum  Polytviohum Constant  junipevinum  species:  Betula  papyvif  Vacoinium Rubus  parvifolium  speotabilis  Epilobium  angustifolium  Bleohnum Rubus  eva  spicant uvsinus  Pseudotsuga  menziesii  Appendix section.  for this  32  FIGURE 4  P l o t 48 i n the s a l a l - D o u g l a s - f i r a s s o c i a t i o n was s e v e r e l y slashburned 2 years p r i o r to examination. Note cover o f Pteridium aquilinum and Epilobium angusti folium, and l a c k of any v i s i b l e t r e e r e g e n e r a t i o n .  FIGURE 5  P l o t 47, 7 years a f t e r p i l i n g and burning. Note poor r e g e n e r a t i o n and s u r v i v a l o f p l a n t e d Douglas-fir.  33  34  The age  A and  of the stand.  layers f i r s t  l a y e r s are l a r g e l y a f u n c t i o n  Early successional  as w e l l as Tsuga  tree species  heterophylla  sitchensis  with Pvunus Acer The  emarginata  2  3  and Thuja  speotabilis  3  rubra,  parvifolium  Populus  3  species  trichocarpa  shallon  papyrifera.  shallon  3  heterophylla  i s dominant but to a g r e a t e r ( F i g . 7] one to two f e e t shallon  largely  low growing herbs and tree r e g e n e r a t i o n or r e s t r i c t s  occurrence t o moist pockets and exposed areas.  burning d i d not seem to reduce Gaultheria  shallon  Slash-  in signifi-  cance but d i d cause a more pronounced patchy occurrence than a continuous l a y e r . associated  Vaccinium  parvifolium  rather  i s strongly  with the amount of decayed wood present and de-  creases n o t i c e a b l y Rubus  3  As i n the mature  The e x t e n s i v e l a y e r of Gaultheria  eliminates  3  sporadically.  Tsuga  3  extent, forming a continuous carpet  their  papyrifera  are dominant  p l i o a t a occurring  and Betula  a s s o c i a t i o n , Gaultheria  tall.  Betula  l a y e r i s c o n s i s t e n t l y dominated by Gaultheria  accompanied by Vaccinium Rubus  heterophylla  Alnus  3  civcinatum B  and Tsuga  3  reach these  on unburned p l o t s  where i t occurs as advanced r e g e n e r a t i o n . Salix  of the  as the amount of decayed wood i s decreased.  s p e o t a b i l i s a l s o had a r e l a t i v e l y  high dominance which  i s q u i t e d i f f e r e n t from the mature a s s o c i a t i o n where i t occurs only s p o r a d i c a l l y . the m i n e r a l i z a t i o n cutting.  This  i s due to the i n c r e a s e d  l i g h t and  of the organic l a y e r s brought about by c l e a r -  Other common shrubs i n the B  ?  l a y e r are  Menziesia  35  P l o t 11 i n the s a l a l - D o u g l a s - f i r a s s o c i a t i o n i l l u s t r a t e s the v e g e t a t i o n i n an area that had no treatment a f t e r l o g g i n g .  Heavy Gaulthevia. shallon cover forming on decaying wood a f t e r l o g g i n g and no f u r t h e r treatment i n the s a l a l - D o u g l a s - f i r association.  36  37  ferruginea,  Spiraea  parviflorus, All  douglasii,  Vacoinium  Vaecinium  alaskaense,  ovalifolium,  and Rubus  Rubus  leuoodermis.  the t r e e species p r e v a i l i n g i n the B^: l a y e r a l s o occur i n  the B^ l a y e r , but u s u a l l y w i t h a h i g h e r constancy  and  signifi-  cance . The C l a y e r i s l a r g e l y composed of t a l l weed vegetat i o n present because of c l e a r c u t t i n g , and numerous f e r n s , some of which are r e s i d u a l from the p e r i o d b e f o r e c u t t i n g . aquilinum,  Epilobium  margaritacea,  and Rubus  of t h i s l a y e r . t e v i s austriaoa, moist pockets The  angustifolium,  Bleohnum  Bleohnum  ursinus  Polystiohum  Anaphalis  munitum,  Dryop-  f i l i x - f e m i n a occur mostly  in  that o f f e r a most f a v o r a b l e h a b i t a t ( F i g . 8 ) .  development of these moist pockets  logging.  spioant,  compose the major p r o p o r t i o n  spioant,  and Athyrium  Pteridium  They r e s u l t  i s q u i t e common a f t e r  from the l o g g i n g o p e r a t i o n and u s u a l l y  c o n t a i n a high p r o p o r t i o n of organic matter and are shaded by adjacent  logging slash.  Slashburning removes much of the  adjacent s l a s h and organic matter from the moist pockets,  and  destroys p r e - e x i s t i n g p l a n t s , reducing t h e i r f a v o u r a b i l i t y to shade-loving s p e c i e s .  Consequently,  f e r n s p e c i e s are g r e a t l y reduced filix-femina aquilinum  i s completely  a f t e r s l a s h b u r n i n g the  in significance.  eliminated.  exhibits a different  trend.  by any d i s t u r b a n c e t h a t takes p l a c e .  However,  Athyrium Pteridium  I t seems to be enhanced On areas that were  u n t r e a t e d , but=where the l o g g i n g o p e r a t i o n exposed m i n e r a l s o i l , Pteridium  aquilinum  was  present  i n high proportions also.  38  FIGURE 8  Moist pockets c h a r a c t e r i s t i c of logged areas. Polystiahum munition, Blechnum spiaant, Dryopteris dustriaca and Eylocomium splendens are prominent here.  39  40  Maini  and Horton  aquilinum or  (,1966) f o u n d  untreated  and the d e n s i t y  ground  borealis  i n the unburned  dominant  species  effectively  cutting.  moss  i s important  minor  role  juniperinum  areas.  ly  These  mineral  wood  on  o n humus.  i n the mature  during  carried  are largely  Hylocomium  3  common,  value.  covered  the logging  out, the existing  operation, flora  very  Polytrichum  restricted  t o unburn-  by t h e degree T h e moss areas  soil,  on  consists  and  possess  because  i n which  flora  and  on r o c k  mineral  a  Pogonatum  i s normally  association, slash,  soil  but they  layer  clear-  assumes  splendens  The mosses  This  with  however,  loreus  common.  t o unburned  as i n t h e mature  sometimes  On m i n e r a l  i s restricted  exposed.  constant  oreganum,  association,  are controlled  as t h e most  a  (57%) a f t e r  Eurhynehium  t h e most  nutans  undulatum  of the  a n d Rhytidiadelphus  i n logging.  of rock  developed  is  (D) i s e x t e n s i v e  mosses  areas  Slashburning,  i s exposed  loreus  material  than  borealis.  clearcutting.  low s i g n i f i c a n c e  amount  are  soil  Plagiotheeium  delphus  greater  a n d c a n be c o n s i d e r e d  splendens  a n d Pohlia  decaying  scarification  significant  areas.  i s consistently  contortum  of  layer  mosses  which  after  plots  Linnaea  Hylocomium  the dominant  covers  on t h e s e  excludes  The  the  significantly  Pteridium  soil. Linnaea  ed  of  c o n s i d e r a b l y s t i m u l a t e d by e i t h e r  burning,  are  regeneration  a  depend n o t as  Rhytidiarelativeon t h e well-  the rock  areas  and o r g a n i c  or i f slashburning  i s partially  destroyed.  41  The  two most common mosses are Rhacomitrium  Rhacomitrium  and  heterostichum. Tsuga  heterophylla  occurs most f r e q u e n t l y and has a  higher cover than e i t h e r Pseudotsuga plicata  oanescens  i n a l l l a y e r s . Tsuga  menziesii  or  Thuja  heterophylla  i s associated  with decaying wood on which i t reaches  i t s best growth.  can a l s o be found germinating on m i n e r a l s o i l .  However the  s u r v i v a l r a t e i s exceedingly low and most germinants e l i m i n a t e d i n the f i r s t decreases Tsuga menziesii  heterophylla  seasons.  Slashburning  in significance.  i s l e s s abundant than Tsuga  found almost plicata  two  It  are greatly  Pseudotsuga  heterophylla  and i s  e x c l u s i v e l y growing on m i n e r a l s o i l .  Thuja  i s a common s e e d l i n g but seldom reached the B^  layer,  unless i t occurs as advanced r e g e n e r a t i o n on the unburned plots. The s t r u c t u r e of t h i s a s s o c i a t i o n i s of  a very well-developed  shrub  comprised  l a y e r that r e s t r i c t s the  ment of a low growing herbaceous l a y e r .  T a l l herbs  develop-  and f e r n s  are the only s i g n i f i c a n t dominants.  The moss l a y e r i s w e l l -  developed  on humus and mineral s o i l ,  but r e l a t i v e l y  developed  on decaying wood and  less-  rock.  Moss - Western Hemlock A s s o c i a t i o n This a s s o c i a t i o n occurs on lower mountain slopes with moderate slope g r a d i e n t s ( F i g s . 9 and 10). occupy r e l a t i v e l y f l a t  It can  also  areas with deep s o i l s that are w e l l -  42  FIGURE  9  P l o t 32 i n t h e m o s s - w e s t e r n h e m l o c k a s s o c i a t i o n , 8 y e a r s a f t e r l o g g i n g a n d no t r e a t m e n t . Tsuga heterophylla i s primary species.  FIGURE  10  P l o t 33 i n t h e m o s s - w e s t e r n h e m l o c k a s s o c i a t i o n 8 years a f t e r l o g g i n g , p i l i n g and b u r n i n g , a n d p l a n t i n g o f D o u g l a s - f i r a t a 6x6 f o o t spacing.  43  44  drained. lent the  association  physiographic salal  (Figs. the  This  data  position  - Douglas-fir  11  and  12).  association  in  on  ordinarily north  association  Refer  discussed The  will  to  this  exposures does  Appendix  combination  that  south  Part  I  equivawhich  exposures  and  II  for  of  species  for  this  is: dominant  species:  Gaultheria  shallon  Tsuga  heterophylla  Rubus  speotabilis  Pteridium  aquilinum  Hylooomium Constant  splendens  species:  Vaccinium  parvifolium  Vaccinium  alaskaense  Thuja  plicata  Polystichum  munitum  Bleohnum  spicant  Dryopteris Rubus  austriaca ursinus  Rhytidiadelphus Polytrichum  loreus juniperinum  Plagiothecium The  Betula  I,  on  as  an  section.  characteristic  Constant  and  occupy  layer  papyrifera.  undulatum  i s dominated  Acer  by  circinatum,  Tsuga  Salix  heterophylla  sitchensis,  45  FIGURE  11  M o s s - w e s t e r n h e m l o c k a s s o c i a t i o n ( P l o t 45) on a n o r t h e x p o s u r e . N o t e amount o f Tsuga  heterophil  FIGURE  12.  I la.  S a l a l - D o u g l a s - f i r a s s o c i a t i o n ( P l o t 41) 7 years a f t e r slashburning on a s o u t h w e s t exposure. N o t e a m o u n t o f Gaultheria shallon a n d ' l a c k o f any r e g e n e r a t i o n - e x c e p t ' f o r planted Douglas-fir.  47  and  Rhamnus  layer  purshiana  is well  developed  species,  Gaultheria  alaskaense,  Rubus  plioata.  commonly  As  composed  trees  such  as  of  Tsuga  munitum,  Dryopteris  are  the  ella  trifoliata,  cally  in this  nutrient  mosses  eristic-  Polytrichum alpinum. of  The  fern and  microsites  ferns,  and  Vaocinium and  Thuja  racemosa,  Spiraea  parviflorus  are  Moist  takes  layer  an  is  tolerant  Bleohnum  Polystiohum  a n d Rubus  account  for a  uvsinus large  parviflora,  begin  to occur  Tiar-  sporadi-  i n moisture  developed.  The  splendens,  undulatum.  and  Pogonatum this  mineral  dominant  Rhytidiadelphus A l l o f them  Eurhynohium  mineral  earlier,  (exposed  C  place.  association.  stated  and  plioata.  Luzula  increase  i s well  on  shade  Thuja  pockets  ovatum  a r e Hylocomium  mosses  and  layer  plioata,  development.  as  shrub  the  aquilinum,  Thuja  Trillium  juniperinum, As  of  association,  thick  Pteridium  plants.  moss  o'f th'rs  the  heterophylla  a n d Plagiotheoium  frequently.  by  herbs,  association  o n humus  loreus,  tall  availability The  a number  heterophylla,  a n d Rubus  austriaca,  of the  The  parvifolium,  - Douglas-fir  heterophylla,  dominant  proportion  salal  Tsuga  spicant,  by  Sambucus  3  also.  shrubs. .  influenced  mainly  Tsuga  ferruginea,  i n the  i s highly  Vaooinium  ovalifolium  occurring  occur  i s dominated  spectabilis,  Menziesia  3  and  shallon,  Vaooinium  douglasii  layer  a l l frequently  soil  oreganum consisted  eontortum, layer  soil)  are  available  occurs mainly  and  depends  on  charact-  of  Pogonatum the  after  extent  logging.  48  Plagiothecium delphus  loreus  although patches rather four  undulatum,  where  their on  a  yellowish  and  the  less  except  oanesoens.  As  to  the  and  and  salal  rock  They  patches  are  moss  humus  micro-depressions, they  layer  occurrence  on  are  quite  true was  of  for  non-  Rhacomitrium  - Douglas-fir association,  areas  are  Tsuga  heterophylla  form  usually  is especially  the  wood,  usually  commonly  Elsewhere,  rocks,  Rhytidia-  decaying  confined to  This  solitary  on  less  and  3  low.  The  vigor.  On  i n the  which  wood,  vigorous.  for a  mosses  layer.  most  splendens  is quite  i n diameter  splendens.  existent  degree  continuous  show  Hylooomium  prominent  decaying  six feet  they  the  significance  logs,  than  to  are  Hylooomium  disturbed is a  the  determining  factor. In stocking  of  a l l layers, the  growing  on  mineral  soil.  decayed As  Tsuga  heterophylla  which  provided  However, source Tsuga  three  in this  of  wood  water,  and  i n the was  a  major  coniferous trees. organic matter  salal  droughts  heterophylla  occurs  readily  substratum  association  where  are  as  the  highest  I t was well  found  as  on  - Douglas-fir association,  germinating  favourable  had  mineral  f o r seed  and  soil  germination.  precipitation  common,  before  on  i s the  elimination  i t reaches  a  major  of  dominant  position. Thuja association, is  probably  species  as  but  plicata very  also few  regenerates  abundantly  s e e d l i n g s become  due  to  the  high  nutrient  well  as  the  frequency  of  in  this  established.  requirements drought.  The  of  This  this  best  survival,  49  as  distinct  from  depressions formed in  where v e r y  a two  to  a l l layers layer.  layer  maximum g e r m i n a t i o n ,  three  but  decreases  In the  B^  i t persists  prevailed  shallow all  on  and  mineral  of  the M i s s i o n Tree  of  age,  discussed was  taller  with  i t was  and  in  toward  the B£  micro-depressions  sporadic occurrences wood.  I t was  n o t i c e a b l y absent  the  occurs  regeneration.  absent  decaying  In order  most p r o l i f i c  was  soil  and  plioata  c l a s s e s of the  advanced  Farm p l o t s .  source,  later.  as  micro-  organic material  Thuja  height  menziesii  However,  seed  layer.  i n moist  s h a r p l y i n abundance  primarily  organic matter  layers.  decomposing  i n c h deep  Pseudotsuga and  rapidly  existed  on  present  from  a  in  number  This  i s a p p a r e n t l y the  result  planting  density that w i l l  be  o f a b u n d a n c e , Tsuga  f o l l o w e d by  Thuja  hetevophylla  plioata  and  Pseudotsuga  hemlock  association  menziesii. The  m a t u r e moss  characterized moss  layer  addition,  after  of  any  Hylooomium  However,  there  and  shrub  a complete  are  association,  maculata,  absent  lack  or herb  carpet  splendens,  undulatum.  logging.  the mature hiza  are  Plagiotheoium  after In  a  t h a t forms  major mosses and  by  - western  namely,  are  significance  a number o f  the  and  a  ground.  The  Rhytidiadelphus  These mosses  their  Monotvopa  over  species  is  lanuginosa.  still  present  is greatly  saprophytes  fi.emitomes.  loveus,  that  occur  oongestum, These  are  reduced. in  Covallovcompletely  logging.  Probably  the most  outstanding  feature of  the  moss  -  50  western of  the  After  hemlock shrub  association  layer  logging,  alaskaense,  developed  shrub  is  651.  after  logging.  layer.  the  invade  herb  forms  a  dominant  is  in  and  present.  The  and  receives  water  data  The association  conceal the  where parent  14,  found  parent  15,  16). in  the  Rubus  aquilinum  more the  dominant  of  useful shrub i t  i t s water  and still  spectabilis  water  t i l l ,  is usually  I,  from  Part  I  marine deep  seepage and  II  section.  species:  vubva  slopes  seepage  supply  Appendix  this  of  glacial  material  is:  Alnus  Epilobium  base  supply  c h a r a c t e r i s t i c combination  Constant  as  layer,  i s mostly  of  discussed  the  moss  at  adequate  portion and  layer  Association  material The  the  association.  is  an  in  well  Ptevidium  Although the  very  the  such  of  a  percent  and  m a s k many  Redcedar  large  13,  the  of  outwash. a  (Figs.  contains  part  to  association  depressions  deposits,  species  plants. pavvifolium,  dominates  weed  predominance  form  cover  mavgavitaoea,  tend  - Western This  and  average  and  the  herbaceous  spectabilis  shallow,  site  is  Vaooinium  characteristic plants.  species  Swordfern  The  Aggressive  rapidly  numerous  Rubus  Gaulthevia  Anaphalis  tall  as  logging  shallow., and  angustifolium,  identifying  well  Gaulthevia  Vaccinium  layer  as  after  of  species  for  this  51  FIGURE 13  P l o t 2 e x h i b i t s the t h i c k undergrowth of the swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n .  FIGURE 14  A successful p l a n t a t i o n of Douglas-fir i n the swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n ( P l o t 27).  52  53  FIGURE  15  Plot 8 i n the swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n 5 y e a r s a f t e r l o g g i n g a n d no t r e a t ment. N o t e t h e amount o f d e c i d u o u s t r e e r e g e n e r a t i o n and l a c k o f any v i s i b l e coniferous regeneration.  FIGURE  16  Thick deciduous undergrowth i n swordfern western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n . Note the poor establishment of planted D o u g l a s - f i r (Plot 28).  54  55  Ptevidium  aquilinum  Polytviohum Constant  junipevinum  species:  Spiraea  douglasii  Rubus  pawiflovus  Tsuga  hetevophylla  Salix  sitohensis  Polystiohum  munitum  Epilobium  angustifolium  Anaphalis  mavgavitacea  Bleahnum  spioant  Luzula  pavviflovus.  Laotuoa  biennis  Dvyoptevis Thuja  plioata  Athyvium Important  austviaoa  filix-femina  companion  Plagiomnium  insigne  Mnium  lyoopodiodes  Viola  sempervivens  Euvhynohium Tvientalis Galium, The sitohensis  3  planted,  B^  and  layer Populus  Pseudotsuga  species:  pvaelongum latifolia tviflovum  i s dominated  b y Alnus  tviohooavpa.  menziesii  becomes  On an  the  vubva,  Salix  areas that  important  were  dominant.  56  Tsuga  hetevophylla  frequently,  and n a t u r a l  but not i n the proportion  vious  two a s s o c i a t i o n s .  Rubus  speetabilis  nine  feet.  ata  Aoev  3  Other oivoinatum  T h e B^  bilis.  Spiraea  phylla  a n d Salix  a  Salix  s  layer  l a r g e number  Rubus  hovvidum  Gaulthevia  shallon  may  localized  on d e c a y i n g  of  the total  ground  shrub  relatively  C layer  higher  the rich  is  constantly a n d was  seemed  3  to increase  studied.  shaded  common  which  Vacoinium  portion  composes  pockets. association,  very  pawifolium  little i s also  of decaying  developed,  even  m o i s t u r e and  undoubtedly  of the C layer.  Polystiohum  be e x p e c t e d  i t s occurrence  wood. though  availability  a f f e c t e d by l o g g i n g .  of the  laoiniatus.  i n this  The i n c r e a s e d  as would  This  I t contains  a n d Rubus  dense.  Mueller-Dombois  species.  3  well  development  little  hetevo-  sanguineum  i s very  nutrient  present,  Tsuga  a dominant  i n moist,  wood,  papyrispeeta-  species.  of  emavgin-  Rubus  a r e Ribes  quite  cover.  l a y e r s were  for  tion  form  007),  a r e Pvunus  a n d Betula  3  i n s i g n i f i c a n c e due t o t h e l a c k The  the  layer  vacemosa,  occur  is  reduced  a height  developed.  associates  although  3  reach  pawiflovus  that  Sambuous  Oplopanax  may  by a few dominant  common  3  029,  are the prevalent  of species  Other  leuoodevmis  Rubus  3  sitohensis  i s not defined  layer.  well  i n the pre-  C004,  s oouleviana  i s very  douglasii  i n this  occur  plots  pawiflovus  companions  menziesii  recorded  On t h e o l d e r  a n d Rubus  fera.  layer  Pseudotsuga  accounts munitum  f o rthis  In f a c t ,  associa-  logging  i n a l l of the associations  P-960) a l s o  noted  this  occurrence.  57  Epilobium  angustifolium  and Anaphalis  margaritacea  are both  h i g h l y dominant and reach t h e i r optimum i n t h i s a s s o c i a t i o n . As  i n the previous two a s s o c i a t i o n s , Pteridium  i s a l s o extremely p r e v a l e n t .  Other frequent  C l a y e r are Bleohnum  Luzula  biennis,  Dryopteris  triflorum,  all  3  austriaca,  Trientalis  sempervirens lanatus,  spioant  and Rubus  Hypochaeris  ursinus.  radioata,  companions i n the  parviflora,  Athyrium  latifolia,  aquilinum  Lactuoa  filix-femina,  Tiarella  trifoliata,  Agrostis  scabra,  and Festuoa  Galium Viola  Holous  oooidentalis  are  s t r o n g l y i n d i c a t i v e o f the degree o f d i s t u r b a n c e .  effusus  and Soirpus  miorooarpus  Juncus  u s u a l l y i n d i c a t e moist depres-  sions or high moisture s t a t u s o f the parent m a t e r i a l .  For  example, p l o t s 005, 030, and 031 are a l l l o c a t e d on g l a c i o marine d e p o s i t s  and a r e p o o r l y  l a r g e amounts of Juncus  drained.  effusus  and Soirpus  w e l l as a very r i c h f l o r a of other The  Eurhynchium  oreganum  as  species. (average  and Eurhynohium  prae-  are the dominant mosses on humus; however, t h e i r  presence and mean s i g n i f i c a n c e v a l u e s are low. h a b i t a t s , Plagiomnium commonly found. Polytrichum  insigne  and Leucolepis  On mineral s o i l  junipevinum  dominant mosses. soil  contain  microcarpus  moss l a y e r i s not w e l l developed  cover of 37%). longum  These p l o t s  Mnium  i n moist h a b i t a t s  On moist  menziesii  are  i n exposed sunny h a b i t a t s ,  and Ceratodon lyoopodiodes  purpureus  occur as the  i s established  on m i n e r a l  shaded by s l a s h or deciduous cover.  In the p l o t s examined, the moss f l o r a on decaying wood i s not w e l l r e p r e s e n t e d .  This r e s u l t s from the l a c k of decaying  58  wood or s l a s h , because of p r i o r treatment burning or p i l i n g and burning.  Hylooomium  most common but has a low presence P l o t 008,  e i t h e r by  slash-  splendens  i s the  and mean s i g n i f i c a n c e .  the only u n t r e a t e d p l o t , showed a d e f i n i t e i n c r e a s e  i n the decaying wood mosses. Tsuga  heterophylla,  t i o n s , germinates Thuja  as i n the p r e v i o u s two a s s o c i a -  w e l l i n t h i s a s s o c i a t i o n and  p l i c a t a and Pseudotsuga  menziesii.  surpasses  However very  both few  s e e d l i n g s ever c o n s t i t u t e a s i g n i f i c a n t p o r t i o n of the upper shrub  layer.  I t s r e l a t i v e l y slow growth r a t e and the i n t e n s e  competition from the dense shrub for  this.  Thuja  association.  account  p l i c a t a obtains i t s best growth i n t h i s  I t was  Organic matter,  and herb l a y e r s c o u l d  found  i n a l l l a y e r s except  the  i n a s t a t e of r a p i d decomposition,  the best s u r v i v a l r a t e .  Maximum germination  layer. provided  appeared to be  on exposed m i n e r a l s o i l , but as i n the other a s s o c i a t i o n s s u r v i v a l was  low.  ant of the t h r e e . B^,  Pseudotsuga  menziesii  was  the l e a s t abund-  I t d i d occur i n a l l l a y e r s , i n c l u d i n g  but very s p o r a d i c a l l y .  Although  the best s i t e s f o r Pseudotsuga  t h i s a s s o c i a t i o n provides  menziesii  3  competition  herbaceous and woody brush s p e c i e s i s an important f a c t o r here. lings.  from  limiting  I t s shade i n t o l e r a n c e destroys many new  Exposed m i n e r a l s o i l  the  seed-  or a f i n e c o v e r i n g of o r g a n i c  matter p r o v i d e the best h a b i t a t f o r germination. The  swordfern  - western redcedar  c o n s i d e r a b l y from the p r e v i o u s two  association differs  associations.  The  shrub  59  l a y e r i s h i g h l y developed and composed mainly of Rubus ftorus,  Rubus  speotabilis,  previous a s s o c i a t i o n s , folium  and Spiraea  Gaultheria  were dominant shrubs.  douglasii.  shallon  parvi-  In the  and Vacoinium  parvi-  The r i c h development of the  herb l a y e r i s the most o u t s t a n d i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c of the swordfern  - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n .  seepage water which l a r g e l y c o n t r o l s association.  T h i s i s caused  the development of t h i s  The seepage water a l s o permits a g r e a t e r d i v e r s i t y  of deciduous  trees  and shrubs to e x i s t .  In the mature s t a t e both the shrub stratum and l a y e r are g r e a t l y reduced by the canopy coverage. association a better  by  still  However t h i s  supports a g r e a t e r d i v e r s i t y of s p e c i e s and  developed C l a y e r than the other The  herb  associations.  type of treatment seemed to have l i t t l e  on the v e g e t a t i o n i n t h i s a s s o c i a t i o n .  effect  The h a b i t a t i s  r a p i d l y invaded by a l l the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s p e c i e s found i n the mature a s s o c i a t i o n .  Slashburning may  even enhance the  development of the C l a y e r by r a p i d l y r e l e a s i n g stored  i n the o r g a n i c matter.  nutrients  The abundance of seepage water  a l s o reduces the recovery time needed a f t e r treatment. In a d d i t i o n to the p r e v i o u s mosses mentioned, Eypnum oiroinale,  Dioranum  fusoesoens,  and Dioranum  present on decaying wood i n a l l a s s o c i a t i o n s . s i g n i f i c a n c e was decaying wood.  h o w e l l i i were However the  very low and r e s t r i c t e d to small patches  on  Slashburning u s u a l l y e l i m i n a t e d these mosses  by reducing the amount of decaying wood.  60  2.  Causes of V a r i a t i o n i n V e g e t a t i o n a l Composition S t r u c t u r e W i t h i n the Three S e r a i A s s o c i a t i o n  V a r i a t i o n i n vegetation  and s t r u c t u r e between and  and  within  associations All  associations  percent cover ( F i g - 17). species  are s t r u c t u r a l l y s i m i l a r i n average However v a r i a t i o n d i d occur i n  composition and l a y e r dominance.  is d i f f i c u l t  Consequently, i t  to assess the cover v a l u e s and t h e i r  signifi-  cance i n each a s s o c i a t i o n without having an understanding o f the  species  salal  composition.  - Douglas-fir  For example, the shrub l a y e r of the  a s s o c i a t i o n i s as e q u a l l y w e l l  developed  as i n the r i c h e r swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n but possesses a completely d i f f e r e n t species  composition.  fore i t s e c o l o g i c a l s i g n i f i c a n c e i s d i f f e r e n t . a p p l i e s to s t r a t i f i c a t i o n w i t h i n tall-growing  one l a y e r .  This  For  which are more i n d i c a t i v e of the f o r e s t a s s o c i a t i o n .  discussed  herbs Varia-  and w i l l  be  later. The s a l a l  associations  - Douglas-fir  and moss - western hemlock  are both c h a r a c t e r i z e d  l a y e r composed of Gaultheria  by a w e l l developed shrub  shallon  and a herb l a y e r c o n s i s t i n g of t a l l aquilinum.  also  instance,  invader herbs can mask those low growing  t i o n caused by age and treatment i s a l s o evident  There-  and Vaooinium herbs and  parvifolium Pteridium  The swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n  has an e q u a l l y w e l l developed shrub l a y e r but i s composed of Rubus  speotabilis  3  Rubus  parviflorus  3  and Spiraea  douglasii.  61  FIGURE. 17  Average cover i n percent of each l a y e r a s s o c i a t i o n and treatment.  by  62  In  the swordfern  layer as  consisted  tall  herbs  such  number  a s Epilobium  Although  shrub  redcedar  of a large  margavitaoea. veloped  - western  layer,  offered  a greater  angustifolium  tree  species  because  i t was  herbs  to  denser,  well  redcedar  of competition  as  well  Anaphalis  had a very  - western  taller,  herb  and  a l l associations  degree  the  o f low growing  the swordfern  tion  association  de-  associa-  coniferous  and more  highly  stratified. A plots.  total  The  o f 148  checklist  species,  93  fir  and moss  - western  the  swordfern  association the in  major  number and  contributor.  of plots  mosses  that  large  association  association being  was  are associated  thus  with  Of  - Douglas-  119  were  The C  compared  mineral  layer i s  encountered  by  various  soil  identi-  t o t h e moss  caused  allowing  In  latter  of species  as  these  respectively.  i n the  undoubtedly  disturbed,  II.  habitat.  number  on t h e  the s a l a l  found  of the r i c h  The  on  association,  of species  - Douglas-fir  hemlock  i n Appendix  associations,  redcedar  number  encountered  identified  hemlock  i s the r e s u l t  the s a l a l  western  77 w e r e  - western  The g r e a t e r  were  i s contained  148  fied.  and  species  to  a  -  large grasses  become  established. Age and  species  western  i s an  important  composition.  redcedar  At this  is  dense  extremely  Plots  association  spectively.  factor 004  were  age i n t h i s  ( F i g -18).  12  affecting and  029  largely  structure  i n the swordfern  a n d 13 y e a r s  association  This  the  -  oldre-  the shrub eliminates  canopy the  well  63  FIGURE 18  P l o t 4 i n the swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n shows t h e t h i c k d e v e l o p m e n t o f Rubus s p e o t a b i l i s 14 y e a r s a f t e r l o g g i n g and slashburning.  FIGURE 19  P l o t 5 i n the swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n on p o o r l y - d r a i n e d glacio-marine parent m a t e r i a l . Note amount o f Junous effusus and Alnus rubra and l a c k o f c o n i f e r o u s r e g e n e r a t i o n 4 y e a r s a f t e r l o g g i n g and p i l i n g and b u r n i n g .  65  developed is  also  cover  C  layer  found  affected.  The m i n e r a l  as a r e s u l t  light.  Mosses  menziesii  of a build  such  begin  mineralization  on t h e y o u n g e r soil  plots.  mosses  up  o f humus  a s Plagiomnium  insigne  to occur  as t h e c a n o p y  of the mixed  The moss  layer  are reduced i n  and a l a c k and  closes  of  Leuoolepis and a  coniferous-deciduous  rapid  litter  takes  place. Unlike Forest Tree  which  Farm  spacing.  the U n i v e r s i t y  uses  8 x  This  decreased  the understory  in  t h e moss  - western  and were  canopy  has e l i m i n a t e d  an  effect spacing in and  has been  would  t h e moss burned  reduction  of  not have  been  planted  been  in total A  planted  cover  large  Douglas-fir  stand  at a 6 x  and cover  proportion  foot  influence  are  cover.  located  The  layers  age t h e  17.  o f each  thick  also  resultant of  were  spacing.  layer  of the t o t a l  o r 1960.  close  A l lthe plots  that  6 foot  Tree  and t h e  A g e was  The e f f e c t  layer.  6  i n 1959  patches.  i n Figure  Mission  at the Mission  association  i n the  at a 6 x  spacing  as e v i d e n t .  hemlock  the  a n d 038  ground  to small  illustrated  spacing,  and the herb  A t an e a r l i e r  have  exemplified.  6 foot  the shrub  - western  037  association  factor.  i s further  Research  has a considerable  the r e s u l t a n t  reduced  foot  Columbia  to plant  Plots  at a 6 x  illustrates  important  spacing  hemlock  planted  20  layer  policy  vegetation.  Figure  moss  8 o r 10 x 10  h a s an e s t a b l i s h e d  on  Farm  an  of B r i t i s h  piled The  i s well  cover  consists  66  FIGURE  20  Lack of ground cover under 6 x 6 foot spacing o f D o u g l a s - f i r i n P l o t 37. Upper photograph shows s e v e r a l s m a l l w e s t e r n h e m l o c k seedlings and c o n i f e r o u s l i t t e r . Lower p h o t o g r a p h shows d e c a y i n g s t e m s o f Rubus spectabilis.  68  V a r i a t i o n c a u s e d by t r e a t m e n t on t h e s t r u c t u r e and s p e c i e s c o m p o s i t i o n of the three a s s o c i a t i o n s Logging  and  general  the accompanying treatment of the  area  has  a n o t a b l e i n f l u e n c e on t h e g e n e r a l s p e c i e s c o m p o s i t i o n  and  structure.  In the study i t i s d i f f i c u l t  to assess  e f f e c t s o f t r e a t m e n t on t h e s t r u c t u r e b e c a u s e o f t h e o f age  c l a s s e s w i t h i n each  slight variations  treatment.  mixture  F i g u r e 17 shows  by age  differences.  These  The  Douglas-fir association exhibited  the o n l y s i g n i f i c a n t  f e r e n c e s b e t w e e n no  slashburning.  treatment  and  ments w i t h r e g a r d t o s t r u c t u r e . u n d i s t u r b e d p l o t s was  two  and  He  to f i v e  l i g h t l y burned  the o t h e r p l o t s .  He  plots,  plots  also observed  type of treatment  ance e x e r t a more o b v i o u s  and  taken p l a c e .  On  on  the  lagged  plots.  the accompanying  disturb-  i n f l u e n c e on s p e c i e s c o m p o s i t i o n .  exist  of i n v a d e r s p e c i e s depending has  treat-  a .substantially  I n a l l t h e a s s o c i a t i o n s t h a t were u n t r e a t e d , t h e component s p e c i e s s t i l l  (1965,  respectively.  consistently  l o w e r number o f t r e e s on t h e s e v e r e l y b u r n e d The  on  -  dif-  t h a t the cover  times t h a t found  T o t a l c o v e r on t h e s e v e r e l y b u r n e d behind  found  salal  Dyrness  n o t e d , however, a s i g n i f i c a n t v a r i a t i o n between  disturbed-unburned  the  t h a t take p l a c e between t r e a t m e n t s .  v a r i a t i o n s are p r o b a b l y caused  1973)  the  and a r e s u p p l e m e n t e d  residual by an  on t h e amount o f d i s t u r b a n c e t h a t  h a b i t a t s t h a t have been burned,  r e s i d u a l component i s l a r g e l y  influx  destroyed.  the  69  In  other  mature  stand  are  At  same  time,  the  residual burning  allows  expand;  The  place.  In  most  species  than  for  species  The  degree  a  with  disturbance strongly  entering  a  sporadic  cases,  site  wood, the  and  major  by  these  microsite  tion  slashburning.  in  the  Appendix  I,  have  Parts  as  the  I and  must  site  species.  and  the  Plots  is well II.  more  habitat  of  micro-  quantity  O i l and  favorable  a  of  large  microsites.  species  on  value.  occurring  pockets,  Exposed  decaying  mineral  soil  Piling  species  illustrated  in  of  012  diagnostic  moist  effect  take  microsites.  extent  colonization. an  the  contained  individual  little  of  allowed  the  number  number  untouched  a l l  r e l a t i o n s h i p , having  adverse  This  or  heterogeneous  habitat.  reduces  and  destroys  number  possess  the  Piling  associated  the  available for  does  a  stand.  affect  habitats  c o l o n i z i n g on  r e s i d u a l component  not  the  this  species  diminishing  usually  the  cutover  destroyed  v a r i e t y of  and  species  burning as  a  not  in  i s , therefore,  presents  particular  Slashburning a  partially  control  illustrates  does  untreated  setting  present  untreated  r e - i n v a s i o n of  the  invasion,  were  slashburning.  slashburning  cases,  number  on  as  logged  of  the  burning  be  complete  I)  most  to  in  that  r e s i d u a l component  (Appendix  In  much  areas.  created  of  as  and  treated  The  species  piling  whereas, and  species  present  species  vegetation  sites  also  component  altogether. to  words,  the  is  and  compositables  70  The causes  preceding  play  tion. in  The  number  effect  005,  redcedar species  Slope,  029,  of species  an  is  caused  influx  030  microcarpus  V a r i a t i o n c a u s e d by individual species  top  with  in  appears  and p r e s e n c e  and  lack  the  important  of  shade  after  drained  western The  a  large  rubra  (Fig.  19).  Juncus  well  This  effusus  associates.  type  on t h e  22, a n d 23 c o m p a r e t h e e f f e c t o f t r e a t -  from  species  within  wood  each  association  The number  at the  value.  the f i g u r e s  in certain  that  toward  most  as a growing  occur  species  a higher  associations.  controlling factors.  intolerant plants  logging,  noteworthy  parent, m a t e r i a l s , as  and a s s o c i a t i o n  but increase  of decaying  -  varia-  material.  conditions.  a r e common  material  containing  f o r the a s s o c i a t i o n .  a l l associations  cance  rich,  each  vegetational  parent  Alnus  spp. and  bar i s a presence  It  and p a r e n t  is especially  on o t h e r  of selected  t h e mean  o f each  found  treatment '  21,  and w i t h i n  i n the swordfern  i s exceedingly  the poorly  a number  material  located  not  Figures  elevation,  on g l a c i o - m a r i n e  Salix  of  by  Soirpus  along  a few o f t h e m a j o r  in influencing  of parent  composition  on  role  association  as  ment  aspect,  an i m p o r t a n t  plots  and  are just  f o r v a r i a t i o n between a s s o c i a t i o n s  association. all  factors  medium  Moisture seemed  In a d d i t i o n ,  under  mean  a l l site  e x h i b i t i n g no p r e f e r e n t i a l t r e n d s .  a  occur signifi-  regime t o be  large  number  conditions These  Figure  21  Mean s i g n i f i c a n c e and p r e s e n c e o f fifteen selected species i n the s a l a l - D o u g l a s - f i r association  F i g u r e 22  Mean s i g n i f i c a n c e and p r e s e n c e o f f i f t e e n s e l e c t e d s p e c i e s i n t h e moss - w e s t e r n hemlock a s s o c i a t i o n  73  O  I  ;  «,  _ M e a n (or  8 7  ~  G  Association  100.  -  I 8  -  7  ~  Slashburncd  100.  G -  Figure  ;  23  Mean s i g n i f i c a n c e a n d p r e s e n c e o f f i f t e e n selected species i n the swordfern - western redcedar association  74  s p e c i e s are r e s p o n d i n g  to i n c r e a s e d l i g h t c o n d i t i o n s due  the l a c k of the f o r e s t canopy. definite site specificity. the r i c h swordfern  to  V e r y few s p e c i e s showed a  These s p e c i e s m o s t l y  - w e s t e r n redcedar  occurred  association.  in  For example,  s p e c i e s e x h i b i t i n g an i n c r e a s i n g mean s i g n i f i c a n c e toward the swordfern  - w e s t e r n redcedar Salix  a s s o c i a t i o n are: sitohensis  Rubus s p e o t a b i l i s Polystiohum  Species  munitum  showing an o p p o s i t e t r e n d a r e :  Tsuga  hetevophylla  Gaulthevia  shallon  Vacoinium  pavvifolium  Linnaea  bovealis  Truly ubiquitous  species:  Epilobium Betula Spivaea  The  angustifolium papyvifeva douglasii  e x p a n s i o n i n the normal h a b i t a t of a s p e c i e s  appears to be c h a r a c t e r i s t i c of c u t o v e r a r e a s .  It results  from the i n c r e a s e i n l i g h t , m o i s t u r e , m i n e r a l i z a t i o n of l a y e r s , and the c r e a t i o n of m i c r o - h a b i t a t s .  A l l , these  organic features  a l l o w the p l a n t s to expand t h e i r normal range as o t h e r f a v o r a b l e h a b i t a t s are c r e a t e d , as w e l l as i n h i b i t i n g p l a n t s t h a t do not respond to these f a c t o r s .  75  Figure shows  that  21  Salix  and  parviflora  Luzula  were  Gaultheria  Ceratodon an  increase  with  The association plots and  were  piled  crease is  burned  due  treatment The  reflects  a  22)  to  the  top  other  as  on  the  difference the  only  shown  moss  difficult  minimal.  be-  notable  in Figure also  21,  exhibit  to  - western evaluate  A l l species and  spacing  - western with  mean of  hemlock  since  no  the  no  treatment  appear  to  de-  significance.  of  the  response  species richness rate  mean p r e s e n c e  each  figure.  a visual  to  planted  This  trees  However affected of  the  for  in  each values  association  treatment,, the is  rather  less. and  identifying  did  the  i s not  This the  23)  as  unresult-  development.  association is can  (Fig.  as  effect  habitat  in vegetative  These  technique  redcedar  respect  association.  number  reflects  of  significance.  d i f f e r e n c e s between  close  trend  and  The  not  heterophylla  guniperinum  presence  swordfern  great  increased  while  differences.  - Douglas-fir  ing  fire  The  are  the  similar  the  mean  showed  Although  i s more  i n both  salal  doubtedly  of  slashburned.  probably  than  CFig-  slightly  borealis,  a n d Tsuga and  the  slashburning.  influence  and  Linnaea  identifiable  Polytrichum  and  species  eliminated,  presence  slashburning.  purpureus  plioata,  papyrifera  association  selected  munitum,  in both  Betula  the  completely  e x h i b i t e d no  treatments. with  Thuja  Polystiohum  reduced  - Douglas-fir  influences  were  shallon  increase  salal  sitohensis,  spicant,  greatly  tween  the  slashburning  greatest.  Bleohnum  of  be  given  compared  each  with  species  at each  response  76  to p a r t i c u l a r  habitats  of f i f t e e n species  given.  Summary Vegetational variation  after  logging  m a i n l y by t h e a c c o m p a n y i n g human a l t e r a t i o n s variation  i n vegetation i s influenced  clearcutting,  to the s i t e .  The  type of treatment,  amount o f l i g h t e x p o s u r e due t o  age o f s t a n d as w e l l  as t h e a b i o t i c f a c t o r o f  m o i s t u r e regime between a s s o c i a t i o n s . are  influenced  most d i r e c t l y b y t h e  degree o f s i t e d i s t u r b a n c e t o t h e h a b i t a t , spacing of planted trees,  is  Of l e s s e r  s l o p e , a s p e c t , and p a r e n t m a t e r i a l .  s h i p s o f t h e s e and o t h e r a b i o t i c  factors  importance  However, t h e r e l a t i o n may be masked by t h e  impact o f the human-related d i s t u r b a n c e s a f t e r  clearcutting.  77  PART  I I - SEEDLING ESTABLISHMENT ASSOCIATIONS  1.  Seedling  Establishment  The the in  l/40th  acre  Appendix  selected tion  number  to represent  of  subjective  sampling  and  are well  treatments.  actual  number  The  of trees  be  represented  plot  chosen  site  observed trends  with  are plots  were  distribuas  i n each  being  Because  the  exact  by use o f a and  by  on  recorded  as w e l l  regard  a r e compared  per acre  evaluated  characteristics,  However,  results  Trees  f o r the a s s o c i a t i o n .  cannot  system.  SERAL  and s p a t i a l  particular  i n regeneration  relationships  relationships  stocking  f o r that  was  f o r each  subjectively  of the vegetation  the v a r i a b i l i t y  quantitative  The  THREE  and D e c i d u o u s  per acre  results  general  of the seedlings  representative  The  III.  THE  of ConiCerous  of seedlings  plots.  I,Part  WITHIN  qualitative  to associations  examining  the  a s s o c i a t i o n and  treat-  ment .  acre all  that  Table  4 presents  occur  i n the three  the tree  deviation  species  i s also The  of  a l l age  trees It  i s apparent  to  make  encountered  calculation  by  age c l a s s  that  on  treatment The  i t i s considered per acre  5 and 6 r e p r e s e n t for coniferous  n o t enough o b s e r v a t i o n s  any comparisons  of trees per  the p l o t s .  of the trees  Tables  number  a s s o c i a t i o n s by  i n c l u d e d where  classes.  per acre  the average  for  standard  important.  i s a summation  t h e number  and deciduous were  between age c l a s s e s .  of trees.  available  Therefore,  a  Table  4  D i s t r i b u t i o n of trees  SALAL  ASSOCIATION  TREATMENT  NO.  OF  WESTERN  PLOTS  HEMLOCK *  WESTERN REDCEDAR NATURAL FIR PAPER VINE  W.R.C •  NONE  P$B  SL  MEAN  NONE  P$B  MEAN  NONE  Pt}B  SL  MEAN  10  3  6  19  9  6  15  1  7  8  16  3701 ±2928  4547 ±2291  900  889 ±820  636 ±797  763 ±764  957 ±1350  907 ±845  33 ±53  657 ±1087  889 ±549  860 ±798  877 ±632  1030  267 ±237  303 ±329  333 ±329 .  505 ±345  160 ±160  53 ±65  308 ±330  244 ±342  127 ±178  197 ±286  167 ±111  95 ±77  121 ' ±100  121  467  620  333  78  333  180  2300  1027  630  908  79  213  33  86  576  693  623  430  244  350  309  35  27  13  27  209  127  176  90  3  11  13  94  -  53  66  87  7  55  740  366  185  299  30  13  13  22  42  47  44  60  1581  65  728  14  -  7  10  28  7  20  120  910  269  540  73  291  634  193  458  60  4204  770  2228  -  -  -  -  30  35  19  20  15  COTTONWOOD  ALDER  WILLOW S P P . MAPLE DOGWOOD  Standard  SWORDFERN -•  treatment  5110 ±1717  CHERRY  PACIFIC  - W. H.  and  3220 ±3262  DOUGLAS -  BIG-LEAF  MOSS  - D.F.  by a s s o c i a t i o n  448 ±479  CASCARA  RED  per acre  6667 ±5286  MAPLE  BLACK  of trees  3849 ±2327  BIRCH  BITTER  i n numbers  deviation  473  120  -  -  5  about  -  t h e mean  3  13  5  -  80  -  Table  4  continued  TREATMENT  NONE  P§B  SL  MEAN  NONE  P$B  MEAN  NONE  P$B  SL  MEAN  10  3  6  19  9  6  15  1  7  8  16  540  382  -  NO. OF PLOTS PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR LODGEPOLE PINE PACIFIC SILVER FIR SITKA SPRUCE CONIFEROUS TREES DECIDUOUS TREES  SWORDFERN - W.R. C.  MOSS - W.H.  SALAL - D.F.  ASSOCIATION  -  1147  -  1060  516  -  13  4  -  -  -  + 3495  5311  7733 ±6085  547 ±558  4189 ±4186.  851 ±695  840 ±349  813 ±878  837 ±685  1160  -  -  7 4  -  464  -  -  3  -  -  3  -  -  -  379  _ <r>  6248 ±1995  4695 ±3824  5626 ±2847  1930  1323 1035 •±1059±1111  1217 ±1040  1655 ±851  1420 ±639  1561 ±758  3910  8335 2335 ± 5 9 8 1 ± 1417  5059 ±4930  -  -  Table  5  Number  AGE  0-2  ASSOCIATION  SALAL No  -  CLASS  §  5-7  8-10  11-12  910.0  792. 0  910. 0  792.0  13-15  840.0  Total  1792.0  120.0 -  acre  952.0  120.0  Burned  MOSS  per  (yrs.)  Treatment  Piled  trees  D.F.  Slashburned  No  3-4  of deciduous  W.H. 1460.0  2360.0  1090.0  1920.0  2550.0  4280. 0  4160.0  1680.0  1820 . 0  13900.0  4593.0  2870.0  13900.0  12663.0  4550.0  1410.0  Treatment  Slashburned Piled  §  Burned 1410.0  Total SWORDFERN No  - W.R.C. 3910.0  Treatment  Slashburned Piled Total  §  Burned  1820.0  Table  6  Number  AGE  0-2  ASSOCIATION  SALAL No  CLASS  3-4  §  5-7  8-10.  11-12  13-15  6004.0  4618.0  6004.0  7733.0  Total  8333.0  280.0 -  4618. 0 600.0  280.0  Burned  MOSS  per acre  (yrs.)  Treatment  Piled  trees  - D.F.  Slashburned  No  of coniferous  W.H.  Treatment  6378.0  6560. 0  4220.0  5644. 0  10598.0  12204.0  2180 . 0  883. 0  195. 0  1073.0  1933.0  240.0  1073. 0  6043.0  1123.0  4840.0  Slashburned Piled  §  Burned 4840.0  Total C ' SWORDFERN No  - W.R.C. 1930.0  Treatment  Slashburned Piled Total  §  Burned  195.0  82  summation  of  a l l age  classes  was  the  only  valid  means  of  comparison. The high  degree  western  first  of  and  most  variation  redcedar,  and  in  apparent trees  per  Douglas-fir.  the  sampling  method  and  to  of  age  classes.  Since  the  sampling  located  plots,  hemlock  regeneration  and  species  are  In  clumped  pattern  a  negative  (1941)  likely.  found  portant  dense  factors  Accordingly, large ly  plots  estimate  of  the  is  seedbeds  large  determine  number  of  trees  as  the  types  of  a  deviation,  treatment  i f there  are  analysis  and  and thick  the  acre  within  analysis  of  analysis  a  or  variance  was  large,  western  other  coniferous the  and  follows  1957).  small  their  MacBean  number  a  to  im-  large  spatial  plot  noticeable  area. due  In  to  between  analysis  to  order  covariance  was  chosen  the  for  devia-  distributions  difficult  further  of  accurate-  standard  varying  is  are  of  of  variation  encompasses  deserve  on  ground-cover  within-plot  trends  result  establishment.  uses  of  Ker  hemlock,  summation  hemlock,  field  the  the  out  significant differences.  relationships,  but  and  per  seedbeds  standard and  the  that  large  plot  the  clumping  western in  enough  statistical  the  employed,  sample  Therefore,  and  to  seedling  method  Although  association  analyze  not  incurred,  of  slash  restricting  largely  d i s t r i b u t i o n of  case  of  is  western  carried  d i s t r i b u t i o n (Smith bodies  for  extent  was  due  noticeable  sampling  will  distribution. tion  in  any  the  uneven  i s very  binomial  lesser  errors  the  acre  This  of  selectively  a  characteristic is  to  initially final  83  analysis  of the data The  than  held  have  a g e was  of covariance  the r e s u l t s  found  duce  removed  obtained  that  trees  By means from  accordingly.  equations  ly,  on  constant.  adjusted  of  analysis  j_964) .  an a n a l y s i s o f v a r i a n c e  could  of  (Wine  age  since  However  as adequate  the age o f e a c h  upon  little  results  analysis of variance  stand  age  was  not  the  effect  means  the regression  of covariance,  t o the v a r i a t i o n  i t was i n number  analysis of variance  used  rather  effects  of covariance,  examining  as a n a l y s i s was  used  v a r i a b l e s and t h e  the a n a l y s i s  Therefore,  initially  of possible  o f an a n a l y s i s  contributed  per acre.  because  the other  from  was  would  of covariance.  i n the f i n a l  pro-  Consequent-  a n a l y s i s of the  data. The  following  structed  to analyze  Source  of Variation  the  analysis of variance  Degrees  o f Freedom  2  within  associations  5  Error  42  TOTAL  49  This 1964). cation  because  observations two-way  table  A nested  con-  results:  Associations Treatments  t a b l e was  corresponds  design  a nested  to occur  classification  was  used  design  within loses  to the nested  design  rather  two-way  allows  than  a  an u n e q u a l  the sources  (Hicks classifi-  number  of variation.  orthogonality  i f an  unequal  of A  84  number the  of observations  nested  i.e.  design,  treatment,  other  factor  experiment, western  hemlock  carried  no  It  that  fore,  tested  were  then  means  found  for  that  arranged values are by the  and  left  association  factor  of the  in this  f o r t h e moss  were  found  variance.  n o t homogeneous.  was  done  test  was  i s t h e number  treatment  and  the  The  There-  transformed  variances  employed  of trees  and t r e a t m e n t .  means were  ranked,  in declining  order  to r i g h t .  and  were  of  were  to  The  level  following  treatment  grouping  per  rank  After a l l  t h e means of their  were  used  association  that  i s shown to  indicate  f o r the Duncan's m u l t i p l e  Salal - Douglas-fir treatment  were  mean  o f mean v a l u e s  of significance  symbols  of  acre  tests: S-NT  -  was  s i g n i f i c a n t i n the a n a l y s i s  association  The  of variance  of analysis  range  at the 5 percent  an u n d e r l i n e .  in  homogeneous.  diagramatically  similar  exist  of the variance.  multiple  particular  from  i s the case  plots  transformation  T h e mean v a l u e  association  f o r a l llevels  t o see i f the v a r i a n c e s  assumption  t o be  i f they  variance.  data  f o r homogenity  Duncan's the  Also  of the nested  of homogeneity  the variances  a logarithmic  data  test  t h e raw  a basic  found  This  slashburned  Barlett's  o u t on  t h e same  1964).  association.  homogeneous, was  n o t be  Quicks  of levels  association.  since  A  t h e number  need  i.e.  i s present  - no  range  85  S-P§B  Salal - Douglas-fir association - piled § burned Salal - Douglas-fir association - slashburned Moss - w e s t e r n hemlock a s s o c i a t i o n no treatment Moss - w e s t e r n hemlock a s s o c i a t i o n - p i l e d § burned Swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n - no t r e a t m e n t Swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n - p i l e d § burned Swordfern - western redcedar a s s o c i a t i o n - slashburned  S-S M-NT M-P£B Sw-NT Sw-P^B Sw-S  1)  Western  that  a highly  per  acre  F-value  o f 6.43  (Table  was f o u n d  was m o r e  number  Duncan's among  to exist  important  multiple  treatments  range within  within  between  than test  were  III).  individual coupled  w i t h an significant  associations;. associa-  the differences i n alone.  the following  an a s s o c i a t i o n  No  with  associations  shows  of trees  an a s s o c i a t i o n  Of t r e a t m e n t  i n explaining  p e r acre  indicates  i n mean number  I I I - 1 i n Appendix  the effect  of trees  of variance  difference  f o rtreatments  o t h e r words,  tion  The a n a l y s i s  significant  exists  difference In  hemlock:  relations  f o r western  hemlock:  S-S  Sw-S  Sw-P§B  Sw-NT  M-P§B  S-NT  S-P§B  M-NT  306.1  343.2  577.2  900.5  2624.2  3257.6  3832.6  4864.1  The and  swordfern  salal  - Douglas-fir  - western  redcedar  association association  - slashburned - slashburned  86  and  piled  other  and  burned  were  groups,  except  f o r the  association ent  from  the  least  evident cedar  - no  either  of  group.  association  caying the  also  soil  redcedar  reduces  the  the  tions  where  treatment.  and  the  This  established  cant  One  foot  removal  The  same  this  or  trend  greater  and  The  moss  within  trend:  i n height  and  de-  status  of  swordfern  o t h e r group  -  or  number of  associahad  of  f o r the Table  of  -  of  8  is highly range  matter  western  number III  no  western  organic  amount  multiple  consists  hemlock  burned  associations  Duncan's  matter  mineralization  highest  acre.  hemlock.  organic  f o r the  and  large  red-  establishment  abundance  per  i t is  western  - western  piled  contain  - western  nutrient  rapid  is illustrated  following, analogous  the  i s true  the  on  differ-  also  organic matter  f o r the  hemlock  treatments  The  of  c o n t a i n e d the Here  swordfern  much-needed to  where  either  accounted  same  that  was  redcedar  Sw-P§B  effect  the  the  significantly  and  the  quickly. and  - western  from  Consequently,  the moisture  acre.  western  J  again.  illustrate  The  group  per  and  removes  association,  This  acre.  different  not  Sw-S,  i s important  alters  d e c a y i n g wood  indicates  that  slash  was  a noticeable  - Douglas-fir  trees  hemlock.  per  organic matter  salal  hemlock  have  layers.  western  S-S,  slashburning  hemlock.  wood  upper  trees  swordfern which  The  undoubtedly  d e c a y i n g wood western  of  of  both  Slashburning and  treatment,  number  that  significantly  signifi-  test,  87  Sw-P$B  S-S  98.8  140.1  Sw-S  Sw-NT  M-Pc]B  S-NT  S-P§B  M-NT  175.1  380.5  1809.7  2340.5  3038.1  3429.3  2)  Western  that  treatments  with  a value  alone  were  exhibits  redcedar: within  The a n a l y s i s associations  o f F = 5.34  (Table  not significant.  the relation  of variance i s highly  III - 2).  treatments  significant  Associations  Duncan's m u l t i p l e  among  indicates  within  range  test  associations  for  western  redcedar:  S-S  Sw-S  Sw-P§B  M-NT  S-NT  S-P§B  M-P§B  Sw-NT  2.9  98.9  101.2  399.2  530.2  557.9  586.4  1030.6  Western on  habitats  nutrients. found  western moisture  not  a r e moist  After  i n moist  operation  cedar  that  redcedar,  as s t a t e d and supply  microdepressions  hemlock a s s o c i a t i o n . of the soils  association,  always  confined  these  habitats  created  - Dougals-fir  during  because  i n the swordfern a r e more  to microdepressions.  well  source o f  are usually the logging  association  However,  habitats  thrives  an abundant  c l e a r c u t t i n g , these  i n the salal  status  earlier,  a n d moss  o f the  higher  - western  universal  -  red-  anda r e  Statistically,  88  western far  shows  that  treatment  salal  number  ing.  established variance  western  i n Table  within  level.  The  S-S  Sw-P$B  0.0  5.8  tion  those  except  association  the trend  have n o t been when  trees  redcedar  exposed  analysis  at the 1 test  of  percent illustrates  means:  M-NT  S-NT  M-P§B  S-P$B  14.2  110.5  220.2  255.8  403.4  422.6  western  redcedar  f o r no  of  for treat-  Sw-NT  within  of  western  t h e number  The  range  number -  t h e means  are significant  i s not  to slashburn-  examining  that  had the Although  and moss  per acre.  Duncan's m u l t i p l e  which  increasing  - Douglas-fir  between  f o r the  per acre.  i s an  range  Sw-S  Established groups,  - slashburned  illustrated  among  except  f o r western  associations  relationships  combinations  III - 9 indicates  following  differences  per acre  redcedar  as  The Duncan's m u l t i p l e  trees  that  i s further  a preference  redcedar  the s a l a l  associations  This  ments  of trees  on  t o have  significant  association  different,  per acre  hemlock  a r e no  of western  significantly  the  there  and a s s o c i a t i o n  mean number  trees  n o t appear  i s concerned.  - Douglas-fir  lowest the  does  as g e r m i n a t i o n  test all  redcedar  the swordfern  treatment.and  - slashburned,  exhibits  - western  the s a l a l  -  and the remaining  two  definite  redcedar  associa-  Douglas-fir salal  -  Douglas-  89  fir  a n d moss  - western  been  piled  and burned  this  i s due p a r t i a l l y  tion  o f western  B u t more  competition  from  In  the swordfern  tion  i s intense.  3)  Douglas-fir:  denotes at  that  the 1 percent  The  F-value  the  following  on a r e a s  likely  that  trees  redcedar  hemlock  relationships  among  multiple  heavily  i s the lack of plants  i n the  associations.  association,  the competi-  Table  difference  that  regenera-  n o t been  f o r treatments within The Duncan's  either  It i s felt  factor  of variance  i s a significant  i s 3.58.  have  and herbaceous  - western  The a n a l y s i s  level  have  an i m p o r t a n t  a n d moss  - western  there  that  t o the occurrence o f advanced  deciduous  - Douglas-fir  associations  o r h a d no t r e a t m e n t .  redcedar  disturbed.  salal  hemlock  III - 3  between  means  associations. range  test  shows  means:  Sw-NT  S-S  M-P^B  M-NT  Sw-S  Sw-P^B  S-P§B  S-NT  0.0  7.1  18.7  30.4  47.2  137.2  139.6  367.8  The was  found  western fir  salal  - Douglas-fir  t o be s i g n i f i c a n t l y  redcedar  association  association  association  association  treatment  d i f f e r e n t " from".the'swordfern - no t r e a t m e n t ,  - s l a s h b u r n e d , moss  - piled  - no  and burned,  - western  a n d moss  salal  -  Douglas-  hemlock  - western  hemlock  90  association of  - no  established  treatment.  Douglas-fir  Duncan's m u l t i p l e  range  The  same  trees  test  per  is  true  acre  as  for the  the  following  indicates:  Sw-NT  S-S  M-P§B  Sw-S  M-NT  Sw-P$B  S-P§B  0.0  4.5  16.9  26.7  28.5  42.3  115.9  The ence  with  salal the by  repect  - Douglas-fir  association  - no  number  source  a  been  number  sequently,  Lavender  many  various  type  to  plots  that  al.  (1956)  exceeded  in  supplemental  any  that  exist.  case,  planting  of  year,  Bever  and  controls the  on  data  be  burned  that in  Douglas-fir  caused  on  observed that found  burned of  Douglas-  plots. this  to This  areas  stocking  of  totaled  (1969)  stocking  degrees  for  distance  Ryder  found  prefer-  factor.  seedlings  on  no  ( 1 9 5 4 ) who  Undoubtedly  sites,  environmental In  of  300.5  which  could  extraneous  in Douglas-fir  opinions  studies.  of  This  seed  Douglas-fir  et  many v a r i a t i o n s important  acre.  S-NT  except  treatment  However, V o g l  decrease  unburned  that  of  per  has  treatment,  excellent  other  slashburned.  fir  other  an  contrary  while  the  with  is  sites,  by  trees  some  significant  on  of  or  increased  had  Douglas-fir  or  observation an  that  association  coincidence  seed  indicates  to  highest a  data  number  Con-  is  caused  disturbance, differ this  among  study  i s needed  and  indicate  in a l l  91  associations level  4)  of  and t r e a t m e n t s  Coniferous  trees:  western  variance  Table  =  7.42.  among  an  adequate  stocking  Douglas-fir.  hemlock,  F  t o "achieve  This  redcedar,  category  includes  and D o u g l a s - f i r .  I I I - 4 shows  a highly  Duncan's m u l t i p l e  range  mainly  The  analysis  significant  test  shows  western  value  of  of  the r e l a t i o n s  means:  S-S  Sw-S  Sw-P$B  Sw-NT  M-P^B  S-NT  S-P^B  M-NT  373.1  627.9  942.5  1930.6  3336.6  4423.8  4701.1  5993.8  It that cal  i s evident  coniferous to that  hemlock while  other  stock  i s not  Total  contains  hemlock.  the major species  the response  of western  species  5)  tree  the Duncan's m u l t i p l e  (as a c a t e g o r y )  of western  m a k i n g up  sequently, that  trees  from  This  portion  only  a pattern  results  from  add a s m a l l  the e f f e c t  identi-  trees,  proportion.  trees  tests  western  of the coniferous  of coniferous  hemlock and  follow  range  Con-  is identical  of the other  to  tree  shown..  number  of naturally  a l l deciduous  CDouglas-fir).  regenerated  and c o n i f e r o u s The a n a l y s i s  trees  trees: minus  of variance  This the  Table  group planted  III - 5  92  expresses  a significant difference  associations  a t th.e 1 p e r c e n t  demonstrated  no  multiple within  range  f o r treatments  level.  Associations  significant difference. test  expresses  within  The  themselves  following  the r e l a t i o n s h i p  among  Duncan's  treatments  associations:  S-S  Sw-S  M-Pt>B  S-NT  Sw-NT  S-P§B  M-NT  Sw-P§B  941.7  2867.5  4846.2  5228.8  5841.2  6050.6  7571.8  8081.6  Three fir of  association trees  distinct  groups  - slashburned,  per acre,  swordfern  slashburned,  and t o g e t h e r  no  and s w o r d f e r n  treatment  piled  and b u r n e d .  definite  effect  deciduous is  not true  that as  trees  was  great  tion  by  indicate  on r e g e n e r a t i o n  in this  that  The  trees  coniferous  slashburning  number  association  association  the slashburning  - western  coniferous  redcedar  of the rapid  concealing  regeneration.  -  and This  association was  not  coloniza-  the i n f l u e n c e The p r e c e d i n g  t h e number  -  had a  association.  of slashburning  because  reduces  Douglas-  hemlock a s s o c i a t i o n  - Douglas-fir  largely  -  the lowest  redcedar  of both  effect  association  deciduous on  that  Salal  redcedar  - western  - western  i n the s a l a l  had  - western  moss  f o r the swordfern  slashburning  which  It i s clear  slashburned.  are v i s i b l e .  of trees  of tests  per  -  93  acre  in  cally not as  a l l associations,  significant  as in  severe the  reduction.  in  the  salal  moisture  nutrient  supply  the  damage.  most  from  seepage be  partially  The  salal  there  the  moss  and  swordfern  the  hemlock  association was  western  redcedar  largely  of  a  small  further  this  the  the  major  - no  by  number portion  shown p r e v i o u s l y ,  deciduous  trees,  percentage  illustrated  in  of  and  the  the  of  may  - no  the  moss  total  number.  following  and  acre -  of  coniferous  is  -  composed  trees  only  This  will  section.  is  western  swordfern  burned  coniferous  reason  - piled  the  be  treatment  per  while and  The  trees  of  supply  latter  burning.  the  suffered  must  i s made up  - piled  caused  supply  association  treatment  association  the  study,  accelerating  nutrient  association  redcedar  highest  and  the  redcedar  association  nutrient  humus,  in  greenhouse  by  was  the  - western  supplemental of  of  association  - Douglas-fir  hemlock  The  a  slashburning in  statisti-  association  increase  In  a  slashburning  because  swordfern  destroyed  - western  opposite.  up  from  - western  containing  which  from  much  completely  directly  trees,  the  always  redcedar  possible  seepage.  i s no  and  derived  or  that  benefit  water  for  burned  found  of  - western  and  lateral  effect  association  Slashburning  because  normally  conditions  could  mineralization. least  swordfern  from  (1964)  association  The  - Douglas-fir  superior  Jablanczy  although, i t i s not  make be  94  6)  Deciduous  indicates the  that  1 percent  within  trees:  with  associations  that  test  expresses  an F - v a l u e  tree  in  between  would to  be  these  two  expected,  moss  changes i n moisture  cause  of the high  redcedar  association,  trees  per acre  which  has  western status  a  than  between In  indicate  that  status  the s a l a l  hemlock This  range  associations:  two  swordfern  trees  association  seem  number  fell  i s what  to  respond  Therefore, of  bewestern deciduous  f i r association  of the year.  i s intermediate  The moss  i n moisture  associations.  tree  -  different  conclusion  a higher  most  t h e Duncan's  a l lconiferous  and  of the swordfern  - Douglas  status  association  general,  among  o f the s o i l .  i t contains  the other  un-  multiple  significantly  - western  status  low m o i s t u r e  hemlock  were  the deciduous  moisture  difference,  association  associations.  since  Treatments  3503.5  - Douglas-fir  The  at  Sw  association  other.  111-6  different  Duncan's  relationships  1392.8  salal  redcedar  each  significant  M  566.8  from  no  Table  o f 12.52.  species.  the f o l l o w i n g  S  western  of variance  are s i g n i f i c a n t l y  exhibited  of the other  The  analysis  associations level  like  The  multiple species  range  prefer  tests areas  that  -  95  have  been  salal  either piled  - Douglas-fir  Slashburning  - western  good  an  the  by  the  trees  in  each  of  for  trees,  and  is  further  illustrated  of  trees  foot the  per  height three  classes  was  piled  and  chosen.  and  that  cantly  between  the  The of  age  It  number no  was is  of  comparison  deciduous  trees  and  or  and was  between  per  this  number  by  to to  did  and  onestratify  add  more  for  salal  However,  for  closest  should  acre  graphs  increases  trees  existed  multiple  piled  The  associations.  and  of  association  accomplished  5 - 7  Duncan's  deciduous  behavior  made  the  of  24  and  treatment  treatment  that  and  was  as  plants,  27.  deciduous  class  trees  The  and  attempt  just  hemlock,  trees,  association,  felt  treatment  western  26,  sword-  Figure  individual  hemlock  age  since  25,  class  class  of  the  invasion  herbaceous trees.  each  This  redcedar  comparison  showed  age  - western  This  burned.  in  An  graphs.  moss  as  The  presents  early  studied.  Figures  by  but  in  associations.  present.  coniferous  given.  treatment  probably  role  coniferous  is  the  - western  acceptable  number  to  comparable  swordfern tion  for  trees  well  the  no  hemlock  coniferous  trees  in  associations  Douglas-fir no  deciduous  acre  comparability  since  of  as  associations  coniferous  had  regeneration,  Douglas-fir, the  of  association  diagramatically  redcedar,  or  - western  number  establishment  illustrates western  the  deciduous  burned  moss  redcedar  environment  site  limits  and  reduces  fern  and  the combina-  treatment provide range  not  an  tests  vary  signifi-  burned.  indicates  rapidly  from  that the  the  salal  -  -  96  Figure  24  Number o f t r e e s p e r a c r e o f t h r e e s p e c i e s and two g r o u p s o f s p e c i e s individual associations  tree for  97  FIGURE  25  The. n u m b e r o f t r e e s p e r a c r e b y h e i g h t class of coniferous and d e c i d u o u s t r e e s f o r t h e salal - D o u g l a s - f i r a s s o c i a t i o n , age c l a s s 8 - 1 0 , a n d no t r e a t m e n t .  98  CON  \  IF  EROUS  A  D.E C I D U  0US  —A  ^ .0  ,  ,  l.D  2.0  3.0  ,  ,  4.0  5.0  _, 6.0  ,  ,  7.0  B.O  f— 9.0  HEIGHT CLASS  FIGURE 26  The number of t r e e s p e r acre by h e i g h t c l a s s o f c o n i f e r o u s and deciduous t r e e s f o r the moss western hemlock a s s o c i a t i o n , age c l a s s 8 - 10, and no treatment.  99  \  \  V \  \  V I \ X  \  \ \  cc  \ \  UI  ce  V \  \  /  •  x v  /  ^  •  /  \  ^  DECIDUOUS  9H /  .  \  /  \ x  CONIFEROUS  \  \  0 0  , 10  F I G U R E 27  , 2.0  1 3.0  r  4.0  1 5.0  HEIGHT CLASS  1 6.0  ~ r — 7.0  f  8.0  ™  9.0  T h e number o f t r e e s p e r a c r e b y h e i g h t c l a s s of c o n i f e r o u s and deciduous t r e e s f o r t h e s w o r d f e r n - w e s t e r n r e d c e d a r a s s o c i a t i o n , age c l a s s 5 - 7 , and p i l e d and burned.  100  Douglas-fir  association  association.  The number  highest  f o r t h e moss  creases  toward  swordfern  each  - western Within  as  per  - western  index  redcedar  each  With  increased.  of tree this  coniferous rapid due  trees  mortality  such  as drought,  conditions. (Fig. from  a heavy curve  reached  I f height  exposure,  process  drop  by  the removal  off.  deciduous  that  i s accelerated  because  from  redcedar  factors  association  of competition  The s t e e p n e s s  of level  association  effect. trees  (age) i n each  per acre increases  association  The r e g e n e r a t i o n o f d e c i d u o u s  trees  i s mainly  and t h e low c o n s t a n t  - western  The  environmental  redcedar  trees.  age.  t h e number o f  of development  - western  trees  approximate  w i t h age.  r o d e n t s , and o t h e r  The number o f d e c i d u o u s  to  trend,  of deciduous  seedlings resulting  f o r coniferous trees  the competition  the  i s a similar  decreases  stages  of deciduous  a peak w i t h h e i g h t  there  i t i s apparent  o f the young  to  especially  i s c o n s i d e r e d an  per acre rapidly  f o r the swordfern  exhibits  and de-  as h e i g h t i n c r e a s e s so does  i n mind,  cover  association  w h i l e t h e number  In the swordfern  27), t h i s  per acre i s  i n c r e a s e d , the number o f c o n i f e r o u s  i n the early  to mortality  redcedar  association.  association  age, then  analogy  hemlock  of other associations,  per acre decreased,  acre  - western  of coniferous trees  the height of the trees  trees  the  to the swordfern  o f t h e canopy  and i n i t i a l  occurs d i r e c t l y  after  then  trees  begins  i s controlled  regeneration of  the canopy  i s removed,  101  then  decreases  shown  by  the peak  considered the  left  believed (1943) that  seedbed also a  either  felt  was  fir to  caused  this  was  this  organic  thereby  due  true.  Hatch  and L o t a n  r e g e n e r a t i o n on u n d i s t u r b e d  ceous and  i s another  f o r areas  that  seedbed  conditons.  Isaac  seed  duff  rather  areas.  much  than  i s  i n the  the  superior  Mueller-Dombois  (1960)  greater than  ( I s a a c and  (1969)  better  observed  seedbeds  of  the mineral  out of the seed  Douglas-  and a t t r i b u t e d i t  m o i s t u r e , :the r e d u c t i o n i n h e r b a o f seed  and s u r v i v a l . reduces  beneficial  The d i f f u s e  seedling  the surface layers,  seedlings.  important  of coniferous trees.  operation provides  sunlight from  encountered.  from  rodents  i n the  early  birds.  establishment  ment  On  treatment  v e g e t a t i o n , and the p r o t e c t i o n  Shade  ing  which i s  The m o i s t u r e - h o l d i n g c a p a c i t y  i s also  the conservation of s o i l  is  of establishment.  available  by b u r n i n g  this  o r h a d no  by  t o more  preventing drying  1937).  curve  of coniferous trees  and burned  layer  the graphs,  trees  date  primarily  t o be  On  regeneration i s  c o n d i t i o n s on u n b u r n e d  compact  Hopkins  piled  not destroyed  found  soil,  recent  preference  t o be  rate.  to the i n i t i a l  t h e more  been  slow  i n the deciduous  close  The have  to a very  Minore  (1971)  factor Slash  shade  light  mortality  after  and shading  establish-  from  by m o i s t u r e  direct  and Strothman  the logg-  f o r seedling  caused  and p r e v e n t s  left  heat  injury  :(1972) b o t h  direct loss to the  found  102  that dead shade d e r i v e d from s l a s h , b e n e f i t e d D o u g l a s - f i r seedlings.  Shade d e r i v e d from l i v i n g  the shading  e f f e c t , with competition  for  brush s p e c i e s to the  regeneration  a v a i l a b l e moisture and n u t r i e n t s . Slashburning  main f a c t o r s a f f e c t i n g which may  may  city,  affect a site  the r e g e n e r a t i o n  i n many ways. of c o n i f e r o u s  trees  surface, s o i l moisture-holding  n u t r i e n t a v a i l a b i l i t y , amount of mycorrhizae  i n the s o i l , flicting  The  be m o d i f i e d by s l a s h b u r n i n g are s o i l , temperature, a i r  temperature at the s o i l  and  s o i l p'H.  i n f o r m a t i o n as to whether these  the r e s u l t s of t h i s study slashburning  decreased  a l l tree species.  burned or had no  capa-  present  There i s much controversy f a c t o r s are  or not to the r e g e n e r a t i o n of c o n i f e r o u s t r e e s .  for  complicates  and  con-  beneficial  In any  case,  i n d i c a t e that i n a l l a s s o c i a t i o n s ,  the number of t r e e s per acre Although the areas  treatment contained  present  that were p i l e d  and  an adequate number of  c o n i f e r o u s t r e e s per acre, western hemlock made up the major p o r t i o n of the r e g e n e r a t i o n . t i o n was  s p o t t y and not w e l l  Furthermore, most of the distributed.  Since western hemlock was i n a l l a s s o c i a t i o n s and  treatments,  the most abundant c o n i f e r environmental f a c t o r s had  the l e a s t e f f e c t on i t . Western hemlock's p r o l i f i c b e a r i n g h a b i t s , wind disseminated  seed, a b i l i t y  a wide v a r i e t y of seedbed c o n d i t i o n s , and  to  seedwithstand  i t s c a p a b i l i t y to  e x i s t under a f o r e s t canopy f o r long p e r i o d s as advanced r e g e n e r a t i o n  regenera-  of time and  a f t e r the canopy is-opened,  grow  accounted  103  for  i t s abundance  other  hand,  usually The  rodents  and  seed  7 years  i s also  available shade  bears  5 to  seed  in a l l associations. crops  between  relatively  birds.  These  of  heavy large  and  this  crops  species also  as  cedar,  even  i t is a prolific  rate.  are  Advanced  to  be  an  no  treatment.  to  seed  IV  seed  release  feet.  source and  had  high  sampled  that  compared  studies redcedar  limiting  much  In  addition,  the  seed  factor  compared  amount  the  size  of  Western  redcedar  remaining  as the  released clearcuts,  with  adjacent  of  matrix and  These  (1930)  from  an  distance and  are  western  feet  elevation  of  seed  hemlock  these  western  para-  400  d i s t a n c e from  of  in  in his  distance of  flight  that  receiving  -0.23305  i t i s f o r western seed  success  environmental  Isaac  dispersion  was  of  rodent  appeared  setting  redcedar.  redcedar. a  the  be-  red-  and  correlation  of  seed  i t from  producer  coefficients  the  of  regeneration  western  of  the  in large  However,  g r e a t e r as  low  by  relative  r e g e n e r a t i o n i n areas  to  noted  prevents  seed  f o r western  f o r western  Douglas-fir.  is  of  correlation  Therefore  is a  a very  investigation  indicates  when w e s t e r n 150  means  respectively,  relatively  has  eaten  The  regeneration.  regeneration of  An  source  -0.28355,  meters  minor,  important  Appendix  advanced  1965).  amount  establishment.  established  depredations  (Fowells  the  the  intervals,  is freely  limit  coming  though  sporadic  and  factors  for germination  intolerance  at v e r y  D o u g l a s - f i r , -on  two  species  redcedar.  redcedar  seed  104  s o u r c e was percent is  limited  of the  a prolific  to produce  i n most c a s e s  total.  to approximately  Consequently,  seed p r o d u c e r ,  although western  n o t many s e e d  redcedar  t r e e s were p r e s e n t  seed. Western r e d c e d a r ' s r i c h  probably  5 - 10  the g r e a t e s t l i m i t i n g  Unlike western of n u t r i e n t  factor  hemlock i t cannot  and  moisture  edaphic  requirements  are  to i t s e s t a b l i s h m e n t .  w i t h s t a n d a wide  conditions within  variety  the  seedbed  such  as  environment. Many o t h e r e n v i r o n m e n t a l pect, p o s i t i o n variations in  and  factors The  o b t a i n e d from  attempts  affecting  at t r y i n g  problems  factors  in analysis  combinations  cannot they The  be  quantified  o f one  can  and  accounted  change f r o m Therefore,  and  the  variations  Most  success.  interrelationships  individual  factors.  regression  certain variables are l e f t o f the  If  analysis,  f o r c a n change w i t h  easily  observa-  natural  only l i m i t e d  complex  n o t be  degree  s l o p e , as-  localized  a c r e and  studies.  to a major p o r t i o n  s t u d y may  cause  t o d e f i n e t h e complex  or measured  could contribute results  different  o f the  of v a r i a b l e s  to o t h e r a r e a s , s i n c e ant  can  are subjected to a m u l t i p l e  t h e amount o f v a r i a t i o n ent  altitude  r e g e n e r a t i o n have had  wide s o u r c e s o f v a r i a t i o n  cause the  s l o p e , and  i n t h e number o f s e e d l i n g s p e r  the r e s u l t s  tions  on  factors  differ-  that  out,  although  variation.  directly extrapolated  i n w h i c h one  factor  i s import-  area to area. because  o f t h e p r o b l e m s and  inaccuracies  105  i n v o l v e d i n i n t e r p r e t i n g a complex a n a l y s i s of the n a t u r a l f a c t o r s a f f e c t i n g r e g e n e r a t i o n , only a simple matrix  i s presented  correlation  i n Appendix IV f o r the c o r r e l a t i o n s ob-  served i n t h i s study between the number of t r e e s per acre f o r the i n d i v i d u a l t r e e s p e c i e s and measured i n the f i e l d . each f a c t o r .  No  the environmental  factors  attempt w i l l be made to  A Summary Table  C r ) with a value g r e a t e r than  7 of the c o r r e l a t i o n .30  analyze coefficients  f o r the c o n i f e r o u s t r e e  s p e c i e s and deciduous t r e e groups w i l l be presented. f a c t o r s are considered r e l a t i v e l y  important  the r e g e n e r a t i o n p o t e n t i a l of a logged One  environmental  in  These  determining  opening.  parameter, namely, d i s t a n c e to  the south edge, e x h i b i t e d a r e l a t i v e l y h i g h negative t i o n with western redcedar and D o u g l a s - f i r (-. 29726).-  correla-  34609) , western hemlock (•• .41 738) The  d i s t a n c e to the south edge  represents a r e l a t i v e measurement of the time a s i t e i s exposed to b r i g h t s u n l i g h t .  In other words, the  smaller  the s e t t i n g or more n o r t h e r n l y the exposure, the l e s s time direct  s u n l i g h t w i l l be on the s i t e .  The  negative  correla-  t i o n coefficients'.-seemed, t o . i n d i c a t e that, t r e e r e g e n e r a t i o n p r e f e r s to be shaded during some p a r t of  2.  day.  Seedbed C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of Coniferous  Trees  In a l l a s s o c i a t i o n s the three c o n i f e r o u s s p e c i e s i n v e s t i g a t e d , Tsuga. heterophlla  Qvestern  hemlock),  Thuja  Table  WESTERN  Altitude  Age  7  Factors with  WESTERN  HEMLOCK  (.4140)  coefficient  of ±  .30-or:greater  DECIDUOUS  DOUGLAS-FIR  REDCEDAR  Distance to south edge (-.3461)  (-3396)  of stand  a correlation  Altitude  (.6533)  Position  on  of stand  slope  P o s i t i o n on s l o p e (- . 4 2 8 1 )  Age  Setting  Depth of organic (-.3565)  (.4712)  (-.3916) o  Distance (-.3982)  to seed  Distance (-.4174)  to south  %  of plot-slash  source  edge  (.. 3 6 9 8 )  size  (-.4015)  % of douglas-fir source (.5033)  seed  % of western hemlock seed source (-.4601)  % of plot-rock  % of plot-slash  % of plot (.6381)  Correlation  coefficient  matter  (-.3018)  (-.4378)  mineral  soil  107  plicata fir), for  (western  redcedar),  a l l preferred mineral  germination  Douglas-fir,  (Figs.  survival  Western The  decaying  tional gen  (Krajina  Osborn quate is  wood  is also  best  very  dicated  to  i s no  If this  In  some  well  on  the  cases,  distributed negative  occurred  binomial  (1957) n o t e d  dicated  the  area  regeneration, to  the  or  This  soil  and  not  species. supply  the  amount  of  area  clumpy  nature  of  the  In than  an  ade-  hemlock on  this  such  as  decreased to  most  that  grow-  by  regeneration.  inthus  cases,  being  randomly the  Smith  the  in  be  and  follows  western  occupied  conserve  moisture  present  Although to  nitro-  examination  pattern  distribution  ample  soil  grow  ( F i g . 31). rather  of  survival.  appeared  was  nutri-  to  available,  further  source  low  provides  i s greatly  growth  clumped  an  hemlock's  hemlock  i n clumps  for this had  wood  seedling  ( F i g . 33).  wood  will  hemlock  but  of  wood.  hemlock's  decaying  i s not  soil,  decaying  decaying  c o n d i t i o n s , western  western  mineral  on  competition  substratum  hemlock  hemlock  of  i t s competitors  seedbeds  exception  source  western  wood  of  ammonium  that mineral  decaying  a buried  western  due  important  because  sustaining  Ker  ability  slashburning, western  numbers. ing  The  the  western  f u r n i s h e d an  i f there  Under  substratum. after  and  types  (Douglas-  poor.  survived best met  menziesii  other  With  extremely  (1968) m a i n t a i n e d  good.  grows  was  over  29).  substratum  1969).  seedbed  soil  and  hemlock  requirement  moisture  28  Pseudotsuga  and  and  plots  in-  hemlock  t r e e s was The  low  clumpy  108  FIGURE 28  Western redcedar and western hemlock s e e d l i n g s germinating on m i n e r a l s o i l seedbed.  FIGURE 29  D o u g l a s - f i r s e e d l i n g germinating on t y p i c a l m i n e r a l s o i l seedbed.  109  110  behavior and  i s brought  to favor  i t s further regeneration  Another  of num  only  important  of western  competing  fern)  and r o o t  ground  factor  hemlock  vegetation.  (bracken  canopy the  by u n s a t i s f a c t o r y seedbed  c o n d i t i o n i n g o f the m i c r o s i t e under  lock  not  about  was  1968).  restricting  regeneration,  but of a l l species,  the major  competition,  i s particularly  a n e s t a b l i s h e d hem(Osborn  In the study  conditions  area,  the effect  Pteridium  competitor.  the matting  was  aquili-  Besides  heavy  of the fronds  on  destructive to regenerating  trees  (Fig- 30). Western ing  organic  was  not found  Its  rich  in  matter  nutrients  source  blishment. on the  limbs  (1955)  have  that  t o become observed  were  logging, been  operation  a  advanced  means  redcedar  of western roots  or covered These  can  with  limbs  soil then  trees.  have t h e  Schmidt  Western  redcedar  constituted a very  class  and v e r y  esta-  during  regeneration  height  rich  develop  o f cedar  stand  a l l .  readily  type  o f the regenerating  at  1969).  self-sustaining  portion  foot  matter  not slashburned,  buried  forests.  four  redcedar  i t to habitats  provided  (Krajina  decompos-  Western  organic  restricted  adventitious  coastal  the  on r a p i d l y  pockets.  or thick  (Fig. 32).  erect  this  best  nitrification  a prevalent  After  logging  ability  was  that  wood  of nitrates  areas  regeneration  moist  requirements  and where  On  survived  i n shaded  on d e c a y i n g  edaphic  available  redcedar  i n o l d growth  f e w made  small  i t  to  i n any o f t h e a s s o c i a t i o n s , as c a n  Ill  FIGURE 30  E f f e c t i v e n e s s o f Ptevidium aquilinum (bracken f e r n ) fronds i n r e s t r i c t i n g t r e e regeneration.  FIGURE 31  Tsuga hetevophylla of decaying wood.  growing on a b u r i e d source  112  113  FIGURE 32  A d v e n t i t i o u s roots forming on a western redcedar branch f o l l o w i n g l o g g i n g .  FIGURE 33  T y p i c a l clumped h a b i t of western hemlock regeneration following logging.  114  115  be  seen  could  the p l o t  data  i n Appendix  be a t t r i b u t e d t o a h i g h  rate. did  from  Western  western  hemlock,  In Douglas-fir substratum  redcedar  trees they  were  were  mortality  d i d n o t assume  b u t grew  t h e summer  I, Part rate  III.  and a slow  a clumped  as w i d e l y  growing  on.  i n terms  growth  pattern  scattered  o f 1 9 7 4 , 181 n a t u r a l l y investigated  This  as  individuals.  regenerating  o f the type  The r e s u l t s  are  of  presented  below:  Table  8  Number o f D o u g l a s - f i r of seedbeds  ASSOCIATION  Salal %  of  Moss %  of  - D.F. total -  W.H.  total  Swordfern %  of  total  of  total  decaying  types  ORGANIC MATTER  TOTAL  15  1  81  80  19  1  45  54  14  3  71  76  20  4  39  1  1  29  93  3  3  16  146  30  5  181  81  17  3  Germination by  DECAYING WOOD  on t h r e e  65  - W.R.C. 2 7  TOTAL %  MINERAL SOIL  seedlings  on m i n e r a l  wood a n d o r g a n i c  soil  .matter,  was  the highest,  respectively.  The  followed fact  116  that  Douglas-fir  widely  accepted  Nevertheless, growing cases,  many  i t was soil  suitable  ing  wood  more,  systems  may  taining  be  been  provided were  soil,  major  factors  The  for  and  treatment  thereafter.  available which  soil the  depth  parent  of  process. as  In dense  amount  organic  such  as  34).  In  of  extend wood  logs  many  providing The  were  then  well  as  decay-  Further-  their  or  found  operation  germination.  controlling  rooting  around  i t in  capable  of  seedlings  sus-  estab-  moisture,  other  less  words,  shade,  heavy  soil type  the  the  created  that  logging  method  micro-environmental surface of  decomposed.  climate,  material  on  appeared  r e s u l t i n g from  microsites  depends  shade,  layers  local  of  Important  of  germination  (microsite)  germination  surface  controls  as  number  available  the  were  logging  top  1965).  soil.  operation.  were  on  to  they  within-site variations  factors  seedlings  the  is  Fowells  (Fig.  decaying  growing  are  such  able  mineral and  soil  available moisture.  reach  mineral  to  thrown  the  themselves  logging  in  due  through  The to  that  seedlings  1955,  wood  for Douglas-fir  also  mineral  Douglas-fir  either  on  on  Garman  decaying  have  seedbed  below  to  lished  young on  best  1939,  observed  i f the  order  (Isaac  vigorously  mineral a  germinates  seedbed,  landform,  closely control  accumulations  and  speed  Macro-environmental  elevation,  unsatisfactory  temperatures,  the  seedbed of  and  germination conditions  undecaying  slash,  117  FIGURE 34  Pseudotsuga menziesii ( D o u g l a s - f i r ) growing w e l l on decaying wood of downed western redcedar t r e e .  118  119  thick  layers  condition tion. seed the  be  were  While  the primary  source  available.  and a d e s i c c a t e d  factors  the above f a c t o r s  germination, the type seed  seed  of organic matter  affecting  soil  seed  surface  germina-  are important i n c o n t r o l l i n g  of seed  source  and d i s t a n c e  a r e i m p o r t a n t i n d e t e r m i n i n g t h e amount Loss  of seed  due  t o r o d e n t s and b i r d s  i m p o r t a n t but were n o t i d e n t i f i e d  i n this  study.  to of could  120  VI.  The est  results  associations  cession  are  indicators  SUMMARY  in  of  this  their  identifiable alone  are  in  not  relationships  that  a  site.  for  each  important  on  to  proper  the  each  association  species  and  may  not  safely  type  of  allocation  identification  on  such  seed of  for  the  should  and  t o ..stock as  seed  source  the  be  basis  associa-  and  natural  the: s i t e ,  i n t e r a c t i n g environmental  and  natural  regeneration.  In  be  silvi-  ecologically certain  to  associa-  source,  words,  requires but  may  environ-  seed  other  factors  should  the  the  providing  association,  complex  of  regeneration  distance  the  of  developed  for  most  Furthermore,  These  vegetative  ecology  prescriptions  forest  the  with  different treat-  the  favorable.  silvicultural of  the  the  of  years,  are  of  suc-  vegetation  coupled  should  on  be  choice  planting  be  e f f e c t of  planting.  require  relied  factors  and  secondary  for-  " e c o l o g i c a l " management  Information  species  the  individual forest  association.  suitable  mental  the  that  although  must  prescriptions  tree  of  knowledge  in  prescriptions  be  and  The  shown  stages  field  exists  cultural  tions  the  have  Silvicultural  different ments  study  enough  information.  is  CONCLUSION  initial  physiographic  tions  AND  not  the merely  realization on  of  planted  evaluated  before  121  logging be  as w e l l  created  f o r each  environmental and  affect  between  redcedar species  the natural  a s much  as  possible.  between  these  both  are  developed.  hand,  has v e r y  -  Douglas-fir  tops.  slopes  association  Unfortunately,  fir  association  not  clear.  composition.  and  The  layer  However,  be  stratum  i s almost  - western  upper  regimes. strata  on t h e  lacking. associa-  whereas  hemlock  differences stratum  arise  other  strata are  redcedar  slopes  poorly  the  and  salal  ridge  between the s a l a l  - western  the shrub  of  i s relatively  a n d moss  made  - western  group  association,  shrub  occupies  no  could  and n u t r i e n t  the d i s t i n c t i o n  Vegetatively,  association.  diverse  and d e p r e s s i o n s ,  t h e moss  Douglas-fir  and e s p e c i a l l y t h e herb  the swordfern  lower  i s dis-  The s w o r d f e r n  a highly  - Douglas-fir  but the herb  -  associations  The moss  few s p e c i e s .  Physiographically, occupies  redcedar  moisture  the shrub  The s a l a l  well-developed,  tion  two  possesses  Structurally,  developed.  the s a l a l  - western  his  controlling  associations  c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s alone.  association  well  between  namely  active  Therefore,  by  the extremes,  i s an  can  are c o n t r o l l i n g factors  of the f o r e s t .  i n d i c a t i n g i t shigh  very  man  guided  and swordfern  vegetative  environment  Since  his activities  differentiation  distinction  by  be  of the s i t e  association The  association.  factor,  should  The tinct  so a s u i t a b l e  the development  activities factors  as a f t e r ,  - Douglas-  association i s in  species  of the s a l a l  -  122  Douglas-fir  association  while  t h e moss  ation  i s better  presence  observer.  an  o f t h e moss  developed  these  impervious  a n d t h e B^  changes  layer.  The s a l a l  the top of ridges  material  usually  - western hemlock  down  slopes i n slope  facing into  occupy  causes  flat  exist.  areas  i s deeper  Douglas-fir or  steep  association  slopes On  takes  into  species after  i n these  with  consideration  i s not sufficient  over  The  parent  bedrock.  The  on  gradually south-  the t r a n s i t i o n subzone,  hemlock  the  zone increased  association to  slight  depressions  greater Here,  on a d j a c e n t  and t h e p a r e n t the s a l a l  rocky  -  ridges  soil.  associations, only  association  p o s i t i o n on  depressions.  i s found  the cutover  logging.  near  i s slightly  a shallow  associations  a n d moves  tops where  regime  two  i n v a r i a b l y occurs  aspects  - western  on r i d g e  Un-  slopes.  t i l l  Western Hemlock wetter  The m o i s t u r e  material  association  t h e moss  higher  untrained  - Douglas-fir  However, on a r e a s  the Coastal  associ-  p o s i t i o n and depth t o  p o s i t i o n to the mid-slope  aspects.  rainfall  t o an  these  ablation  on n o r t h - f a c i n g  hemlock  alaskaense.  or the upper  i s shallow  shallon,  l a y e r has a  are s l i g h t  i s by p h y s i o g r a p h i c  occupies  upper  - western  The m a j o r means b y w h i c h  be d i v i d e d  moss  m o r e Gaulthevia  a n d s i g n i f i c a n c e o f Vaaainium  fortunately,  can  stratum  contains  a classification  the presence  to classify  Mueller-Dombois  (1960)  or the absence  the various also  that  noted  of  associations this for  123  the  Coastal  increase and  Douglas-fir  in  favorable  invasion  of  responding  only  herbs  no  have  indicative after  a  amount  to  forest  severe and  habitats  site  species  slashburn  further  creation  average  tall  such  margaritacea, western The of  the  mainly and  moss  dominated  tion,  the  weed  a s Epilobium  were  hemlock  the  herb  Douglas-fir  and  thick  of  rich  or  layer moss  was  well  and  Gaultheria  accounts  for  contained  were  much  is of  invaded  and  Anaphalis  and  a  The  - western  hemlock  -  moss  lesser shrub  association  herb  same  invaded  to  salal  the  quickly  - Douglas-fir  developed.  shallon  Only  associations.  The  - western  truly  microdepressions  association ' s  swordfern  the  vegetation.  redcedar  shallon.  of  a negligible  angustifolium  salal  pioneer  few  to  an  species  logging.  a l l well-developed.  Gaultheria  In  cover  reduced  s p e o t a b i l i s , whereas the  by  by  by  vegetation  tall  Very  a l l associations  - western  - western  ferently.  These  A l l associations  were  swordfern  they  logging  the  about  individual  destroyed  by  associations  layers  Rubus  light.  homogeneous  although  hemlock  shrub  the  microsites  after  cover.  herbs  are  of  Structurally,  by  of  i s brought  s h o r t - l i v e d pioneer  are  covered  v a r i a t i o n between  total  by  increased  common p h e n o m e n o n  the  This  indicative significance.  The a  the  Zone.  extent. layer  consisted  of  Douglas-fir  shrub layer  layers  in  were  reacted  redcedar But  -  the  dif-  associasalal  -  associations,  the  low  largely restricted  the  herb  124  layer  to t a l l  herbs. fern  weedy  T h e moss  - western  while  that  layer  brought  composition  about  i n each  all  germinated  best  was  very  except  poor,  on d e c a y i n g  rapidly  regeneration  an  hemlock  and western  mineral  soil  other on  two  decaying  alone per of  changes  i n both  western  while  developed, hemlock  I t was  found  of micro-  age, and  structure  hemlock, soil  parent and s p e c i e s  Western  Douglas-fir  survival  hemlock  also  grew  preferred Advanced  of regeneration of survived  by drought  was  redcedar  pockets.  Douglas-fir  not laffected  but  redcedar  i n moist  means  and western  seedbeds,  western  redcedar.  within  and type  of the s t a t i s t i c a l associations  found  western  well  a s much  on  as t h e  growing  on t h e o t h e r  treatment  The number  hand,  and responded  were  more  analysis  well  indicate  had a d e f i n i t e  of coniferous trees  were n o t s i g n i f i c a n t .  acre,  poorly  layers.  for Douglas-fir.  results  that treatments number  In t h e sword-  - western  trees,  growing  wood.  The  the  moss  of planted  important  a n d was  species.  low  of disturbance, extent  organic matter  was  i t was  a n d moss  on m i n e r a l  wood,  decaying  than  association.  Douglas-fir,  best  association  and type spacing  rather  the opposite.  had well-developed  created,  material  just  - Douglas-fir  the degree  sites  was  redcedar  the s a l a l  associations  invading herbs  less  per acre.  effect  Associations  of deciduous affected  on  trees  by t h e type  to the a s s o c i a t i o n  type,  with  125  the  swordfern  preferred burned  type.  and  number of  fir  or  p i l e d and  burned  by  trees  per  acre  redcedar  redcedar  association.  that  have had  a higher  no  of  The  amount o f  a l l species,  moss  had  no  - western  redcedar  habitat  by  deciduous  the  regeneration  areas. planting  The of  but  trees  or was  salal  be  not  well  i n d i c a t i o n s of Douglas-fir  of  for  caused that  slash.  was  not  types  A l l conifer-  either piled  swordfern  provided  an  invasion  and  and  -  equally of  areas  mainly  - Douglas-fir  The  western suitable  this  rich limits  trees.  western hemlock  followed  d i s t r i b u t i o n and d i s t r i b u t e d over  this  w o u l d be  study  are  needed  to  that  i n most the  a cases  logged  supplemental  obtain  a  -  Douglas-  trees  seedbed  were  the  swordfern -  herbaceous p l a n t s ,  coniferous  clumped  of  salal  early  and  d i s t r i b u t i o n of  binomial  that  associations.  undoubtedly  regeneration,  of  to  -  statisti-  the  coniferous  shading  i n the  to  negative  and  treatment  association  The  greater  areas  hemlock  establishment  the  preferred  habitat  the  much as  variety  to  or  affect  i s presumed  slash-  hemlock,  not  d i d not  a  favorable  burned  Although  of  -  reduced  western  seed p r e s e n t  burning,  species  as  the  association  available  by  tree  cases.  preference  treatment  redcedar  significantly  slashburning  association  being  association  Douglas-fir,  i n most  destroyed  ous  - Douglas-fir  - western  significant,  western  salal  association  swordfern  western  cally  The  redcedar  the  slashburned  and  - western  126  satisfactory tribution  number o f D o u g l a s - f i r  o f them on a l l a s s o c i a t i o n s ,  Douglas-fir  association provided  Graphs, versus  height  increases  was  The are  the greatest where i n t e n s e  herbaceous  hard  titude  plants  indicate  to analyze  of localized  t h e more  is  presented  in  Appendix IV.  trees  i n t h e number  competition  -  habitat. per  as h e i g h t per acre trees  acre class  rapidly  per  acre  of coniferous  i n the swordfern from  - western deciduous  trees redcedar trees  establishment.  i n t e r r e l a t e d environmental  by s t a t i s t i c a l  means b e c a u s e  factors  o f a mul-  v a r i a t i o n s and t h e number o f a v a i l a b l e  Consequently,  of  that  dis-  the s a l a l  t h e number o f t r e e s  restricted  many c o m p l e x  observations.  although  t h e number o f d e c i d u o u s  The r e d u c t i o n  association, and  (age),  and an even  the best  t h e number o f c o n i f e r o u s  increases. acre  comparing  class  decreases, while  per  trees  important i n Table  factors  only  the c o r r e l a t i o n c o e f f i c i e n t s  a f f e c t i n g each t r e e  7, w h e r e a s  a complete  list  species i s  contained  127  VII.  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Vegetation Synthesis Tables  PART I I I . T r e e  and S t a n d  Tables  Description  134  EXPLANATION AND  LEGEND FOR THE SYNTHESIS TABLES  (.1)  ASPECT i n d i c a t e s compass r e a d i n g s  (2)  TOPOGRAPHY r e f e r s t o t h e shape o f t h e l a n d p r o f i l e mesoscale  and i s d e s c r i b e d  Topography  (3)  on a  as f o l l o w s :  N  Neutral  CC  Concave  cv  Convex  F  Flat  sample p l o t  i n degrees.  Description  Class  MICRORELIEF p e r t a i n s  scale  from n o r t h  to the l a n d  (microscale)  (uniform  surface  slope)  shape w i t h i n t h e  and i s e v a l u a t e d  by a d e s c r i p t i v e  as f o l l o w s :  Microrelief  Description  N  Neutral  H  Hummocky, i r r e g u l a r - v e r y i r r e g u l a r microtopography w i t h a number o f s h a r p l y r i s i n g r i d g e s o r mounds running through the p l o t .  U  Undulating - a s l i g h t l y wavy m i c r o t o p o g r a p h y , l e s s s e v e r e t h a n hummocky.  F  Flat  0  Outcrop  (smooth)  135  SLOPE GRADIENT i s the average i n c l i n a t i o n of the sample plot. POSITION ON SLOPE i s the l o c a t i o n o f the sample p l o t i n r e l a t i o n to the land surface  P o s i t i o n on Slope  as f o l l o w s :  Description  0  Peak, r i d g e s l o p i n g i n s e v e r a l directions  1  J u s t below the peak or r i d g e s l o p i n g i n one d i r e c t i o n  2  F u r t h e r from peak or edge of terrace  3  Upper  4  Upper p a r t of mid-slope  5  Lower p a r t of mid-slope  6  Lower  7  Slopes near bottom of depression  8  F l a t bottom o f the v a l l e y or depression i t s e l f  LANDFORM d e s c r i b e s material  and i s d e s c r i b e d  slope  slope  the type and the o r i g i n of the parent  and i s evaluated  as f o l l o w s :  136  ft Land  •55  Form  Symbol  Description  MP  Deep m o r a i n a l d e p o s i t [loose t i l l over compacted b a s a l t i l l ) : m a t e r i a l s t h i c k enough to cover i r r e g u l a r i t i e s of u n d e r l y i n g bedrock; r e l a t i v e l y f l a t to g e n t l y s l o p i n g ; slopes less than 30%.  MB  Morainal blanket (loose t i l l over compacted b a s a l t i l l bedrock controlled): a thick t i l l cover, more than 3 f e e t , u s u a l l y covering i r r e g u l a r i t i e s of underlying bedrock; s l o p e s range from 0 to 50%.  MV  Morainal veneer (loose t i l l over bedrock); t i l l l e s s than 3 f e e t o v e r l y i n g bedrock; m a t e r i a l s too t h i n to mask u n d e r l y i n g b e d r o c k i r r e g u l a r i t i e s ; slopes range from 0 to 50%.  GF  G l a c i o - f l u v i a l d e p o s i t s : sand, s i l t , g r a v e l , and m i n o r c o a r s e r m a t e r i a l d e p o s i t e d by m e l t w a t e r from the wasting g l a c i e r ; relati v e l y f l a t and u s u a l l y d e p o s i t e d i n t h i c k s t r a t i f i e d l a y e r s ; mate r i a l masks a l l f e a t u r e s o f underlying bedrock or m a t e r i a l of another genetic category; slopes less than 10%.  GW  Glacio-marine d e p o s i t s : sand, s i l t , c l a y and m i n o r c o a r s e r fragments d e p o s i t e d under the i n f l u e n c e of a marine environment; u s u a l l y p o o r l y d r a i n e d and r e l a t i v e l y f l a t i n topography.  —'  F u l t o n , R.J. 1972. ment o f A g r i c u l t u r e .  Landform C l a s s i f i c a t i o n . B. C. 8 p., A p p e n d i x 6 p., (Mimeo).  Depart-  137  Land  Form  Symbol  Description  CV  (7)  TEXTURE  OF  C o l l u v i a l veneer: a t h i n , .less than 3 feet heterogeneous mixture of materials, deposited by mass w a s t i n g p r o c e s s e s ; materials too thin to cover i r r e g u l a r i t i e s of underlying b e d r o c k ; s l o p e s r a n g e f r o m 30 t o 50%.  PARENT  MATERIAL  - see t a b l e  below:  A  Texture of Parent Material (Symbol)  LOCATION  Description  B  B o u l d e r y - abundance o f m a t e r i a l c l a s s e d as b o u l d e r i n s i z e ( . g r e a t e r t h a n 10 i n . . ) : ; n o t e n c o u n t e r e d ' in', .'study, a r e a .  G  Gravelly - dominantly and c o a r s e sand s i z e d (.4 - 1 0 i n . ) .  S  Sandy - d o m i n a n t l y g r a n u l e and s a n d s i z e d m a t e r i a l (.4 - .05 mm.) .  Si  S i l t y - dominantly fine sand a n d s i l t s i z e d (.25 - .005 mm.) .  - University  - UBCF  search MTF  Columbia  Re-  Forest  - M i s s i o n Tree  Fulton, R.J. 1972. ment o f A g r i c u l t u r e .  of B r i t i s h  gravel material  Farm  Landform C l a s s i f i c a t i o n . B.C. 8 p., Appendix 6 p . , (Mimeo).  Depart-  138  (9) TYPE OF TREATMENT - NONE - No treatment  .  ^  SL - Slashburned P$B  - P i l e d and  burned  (10) BURNING INTENSITY - L - bark on stumps l i g h t l y  blackened.  N - bark on stump blackened as w e l l as the wood being scorched or blackened. S - wood on stumps hollowed out by (11) HYGROTOPE - p e r t a i n s to the moisutre regime  c l a s s e s of  the s o i l s and i s approximately equal to the s o i l age c l a s s e s proposed by Leskiw employed f o r the hygrotope Krajina,  (13)%  The  drain-  symbols  c l a s s e s are as f o l l o w s  (after  1969): X  Xeric  SX  Subxeric  M  Mesic  SHG  Subhygric seepage)  HG  Hygric (with permanent seepage, mostly 30 cm to 60 cm below the s o i l s u r f a c e )  (,12)R0CK, SLASH, MINERAL SOIL, AND to  (1973) .  fire,  (with  temporary  ORGANIC MATERIAL r e f e r s  the area i n percent of each item on the sample p l o t . OF BRUSH SPECIES, OVERTOPPING TREES OR NOT  TREES r e f e r s to the percentage of herbaceous commercial  OVERTOPPING and non-  t r e e s p e c i e s overtopping or not overtopping  139  the commercial t r e e s p e c i e s , i . e . D o u g l a s - f i r , w e s t e r n hemlock, and w e s t e r n r e d c e d a r . (14) STRATUM COVERAGE i n d i c a t e s the t o t a l a r e a covered by each v e g e t a t i v e  stratum.  The s t r a t a .are denoted as  A ( t r e e l a y e r ) , B (shrub l a y e r ) , C(herb l a y e r ) , and D (moss l a y e r ) .  The B l a y e r i s s e p a r a t e d i n t o B^ (woody  v e g e t a t i o n 6 ' - 3 0 ' ) and B^ (woody v e g e t a t i o n The C l a y e r a l s o c o n t a i n s 1 foot i n height  1' - 6 ' ) .  commercial t r e e s p e c i e s  and c r e e p i n g  shrubs.  under  The D l a y e r i s  s e p a r a t e d i n t o mosses on humus (DH), mosses on d e c a y i n g wood (DW), mosses on rock  (DR), and mosses on m i n e r a l  soil(DM). (15) SOIL ORDER was e x t r a c t e d from e x i s t i n g s o i l  association  maps and may be prone t o e r r o r s . I t was i n c l u d e d m e r e l y t o g i v e an i d e a o f t h e type o f s o i l t o be expected and not t o p r o v i d e subgroup.  p o s i t i v e p r o o f o f the s o i l o r d e r o r  The f i r s t f o u r l e t t e r s o f each s o i l  were used on t h e s y n t h e s i s  order  tables.  (16) PRESENCE (P) was c a l c u l a t e d u s i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g p _  formula:  number o f o c c u r r e n c e s o f a s p e c i e s , ^ t o t a l number o f releve's i n t h a t p a r t i c u l a r associat ion  (17) MEAN SIGNIFICANCE (MS) was c a l c u l a t e d by t a k i n g t h e mean of each s i g n i f i c a n c e c l a s s , then t r a n s f o r m i n g the o r i g i n a l s c a l e o f s p e c i e s s i g n i f i c a n c e .  i t back t o The number  140  to  the l e f t  column the  refers  number  tenth  ween for  OF  i n the  to the species  to the right  of that  species (18)RANGE  of the decimal  mean  significance  of the decimal  particular  significance  species  class,  refers  significance  while  to the class  the  falls in. SIGNIFICANCE(RS)  i s simply  the lowest  and h i g h e s t  a particular  species.  the difference  significance  bet-  encountered  141  PART I.  General Environment Tables  V E G E T A T I O N - E N V I R O N M E N T C O A S T A L F O R E S T  I P L O T  W E S T E R N  T A B L E  -  P A R T  Z O N E  -  D R Y  H E M L O C K  A S S O C I A T I O N :  S A L A L  -  -  G E N E R A L  P L O T  |  A L T I T U D E  I F T . I  A S P E C T  M I C R O R E L 1 E F  0 4 8 1  0 4 0 1  0 4 1 I  0 * 2 1  ( W I T H I N  P L O T )  6 1 0  6 0 0  6 4 5  6 3 0  3 5  3 0  100  2 5  120  CV  CV  CV  CV  U  F  CV U  F  3 0  20 1  F  15  3 5 I  1  I I  1  L A N O F U K M  MV  MV  |MV  G  C  MTF 3 5 0 1970  T E X T U R E  S T A N O  OF  P A R E N T  M A T E R I A L  L O C A T I O N S E T T I N G  S I Z E  ( A . )  L O G G E D S I N C E OF  D A T E  L A S T  S T A N O  D I S T U R B A N C E  ( Y R S . )  P L A N T E D  0 4 7 1  0 5 0 1  0 1 0 1  0 1 5 1  0 1 6 1  0 1 7 1  0 2 0 1  0 1 2 1  OUl  0 1 3 1  0 1 4 |  0 2 1 1  4 5  6 5 0 1 F L A T  lev  F  4 2 0  5 0 0  2 9 0  10  CV  lev  F  0 - 5  2 0  0  1  H  4 0 1  5 8 0  1 2 4 3  1250  135  N  IU  5 4 0  5 4 5  1210  1308  1 3 0 0  1 0 2 3  9 0  110  F L A T  140  160  1 8 0  120  CV  CV  CV  CV  CV  1-5  2 0  0  1  CV  CV  0  0  4 5  15  15  3  0  1 MV  MV  MV  MV  MV  MV  MB  MV  G  G  G  G  G  G  G  G  MTF  MTF  MTF  MTF  MTF  MTF  MTF  MTF  2 0 0  2 0 0  2 0 0  2 0 0  2 0 0  100  100  100  1 9 6 8  1 9 6 8  1 9 6 8  196B  196B  1964  1 9 6 4  1964  .  5 5 3  lev .  0 2 5  1  1  /MV  H  F  H  0  5  0'  1 0 8 5 1220 CV  F5  10601  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  160 CV U  15  10  0  1  0  0  1  10  KV  MV  MV  MV  MV  MV  MV  G  G  G  G  G  G  G  G  G  U B C F  U B C F  U B C F  U B C F  U B C F  U B C F  U B C F  U B C F  U B C F  U D C F 1  1 0 . 0  7 . 0  7 . 0  7 . 0  1 0 . 0  5 . 0  5 . 0  4 . 0  2 . 5  2 . 5  1 9 6 5  1965  1 9 6 5  1 9 6 5  1965  1962  1 9 6 2  1 9 6 2  1 9 6 2  19621  1 1 1  1970  1 9 6 8  1 9 6 8  1 9 6 8  1 9 6 B  1968  1964  1 9 6 4  L 9 6 4  1 9 6 5  1965  1 9 6 5  1 9 6 5  1965  1962  1 9 6 2  1 9 6 2  1 9 6 2  2  6  1962  6  6  6  6  10  10  10  8  8  9  9  9  11  1 I  11  1 1  1 9 7 1  1 9 6 9  1969  12  NONE  NONE  N O N E  NONE  N O N E  N O N E  N O N E  NONE 1  5 0  70  5 0  75  1  2 5 0  70  6 0  75  1  1 9 6 9  1 9 6 9  1969  1 9 6 5  1 9 6 5  1965  SL  SL  SL  SL  SL  PCB  PCB  PCB  NONE  NONE  S  S  L  L  N  1 0 0 0  1 5 0 0  1 6 0 0  9 0 0  1 3 0 0  1000  3 5 0  1 0 0  1700  1 5 0  5 0 0  5 0 0  8 0 0  120  50  1 5 0 0  5 0 0 0  5 0 0 0  6 0 0 0  6 0 0 0  5 C 0 0  3 5 0  100  5 0 0 0  2 5 0  5 0 0  5 0 0  8 0 0  120  2  O O U G L A S - F I R  3 0  3 0  3 0  30  3Q  3 0  20  3 0  3 0  8 0  60  6 0  6 0  6 0  80  8 0  70  70  W E S T E R N  70  6 0  6 0  6 0  6 0  60  6 0  6 0  6 0  6 0  15  3 0  30  3 5  15  15  2 0  2 0  2 5  10  10  10  10  10  10  20  10  10  5  3 0 10  10  10  5  5  5  10  10  5  POOZ  P O D Z  PODZ  P O O Z  PODZ  PODZ  POOZ  P O O Z  PODZ  F O L S  POOZ  P O D Z  PODZ  POOZ  PODZ  P O O Z  PODZ  <1.0  <1.0  P O D Z  <1.0  <1.0  POOZ 1  1 . 5  < 1 . 0  1.5  2 . 0  2 . 5  5 . 0  3 . 0  2 . 0  1 . 0  2 . 0  1 . 5  I  3 . 0  X  X  X  X  X  <l.O  2 . 0  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  I N T E N S I T Y  D I S T A N C E D I S T A N C E OF  TO  S E E D  TO  S O U T H  S E E D  S O U R C E EDGE  ( F T . ) ( F T . )  S O I L  C  S O I L  O R D E R  D E P T H  H E M L O C K  O R G A N I C  OF  0 0  .  1 I 1  L A Y E R S  ( C S S C  O R G A N I C  1 9 7 0 ) L A Y E R S  ( I N . )  H Y G R O TOP E P L O T ROCK  •  S O U R C E ! * )  R E D C E D A R  OF  0 4 6 |  SL  T R E A T M E N T  t  0 4 4 1  N  OF  B U R N I N G  T Y P E  1  D E S C R I P T I O N  O A T E  T Y P E  0 4 3 1  5 6 0  S L O P E G R A D I E N T il) P O S I T I O N ON S L O P E  D A T E  P A G E  O C R A P H Y  T O P O G R A P H Y  AGE  I N F O R M A T I O N  D O U G L A S - F I R  NO.  PHYS1  I  S U U Z O N E  C O V E R E D  BYl 0  10  10  3 0  3 0  30  . 5  10  5  2 0  30  0  5  10  20  2 0  0  10  15  15  10  2 0  5  30  3 0  10  20  3 0  4 0  70  70  75  6 5  4 0  60  70  4 0  4 0  M I N E R A L  S O I L  5 5  4 0  5 0  4 0  3 0  3 0  4 5  20  5  0  <1  0  0  <5  3 0  15  <1  10  10  O R G A N I C  M A T E R I A L  15  15  2 0  20  3 0  2 5  2 5  30  6 5  5 5  2 0  10  5  3 0  2 0  10  4 0  4 0  3 0  30  S L A S H  1  1 1 1 1 1  V E G E T A T I O N  t  OF  .  ( A )  E R U S H  O V E R T O P P I N G  IB)  NOT  S T R A T A A  Bl b2  S P E C I E S : T R E E S  U V C R T O P P I N G  T R E E S  10  2 0  10  4 0  3 0  10  30  10  2 0  2 0  4 0  2 0  20  2 0  5 0  4 0  6 0  6 0  6 0  9 0  8 0  9 0  6 0  70  9 0  7 0  9 0  8 0  8 0  60  8 0  BO  8 0  5 0  6 0  4 0  4 0  4 0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  2 0  5  6 0  5  75  30  2 0  2 0  3 0  40  9 0  4 0  55  2 0  5 0  2 0  2 0  4 0  3 0  3 0  6 0  C O V E R A G E I X)  3 0  9 0  8 5  75  8 0  B5  9 5  9 0  9 0  8 0  C  9 5  9 5  70  9 0  9 0  ] 75  8 5  35  70  2 0  6 0  5 0  85  2 0  .10  50  8 5  70  70  U  5 0  45  70  6 0  80  6 5  8 0  BO  5 0  40  8 0  70  75  70  50  B5  3 5  3 5  6 0  60  8 0  4 0  70  40  4 5  4 0  8 0  3 0  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PARI I - GENERAL PLOT INFORMATION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - ORY SUBZONE FOREST ASSOCIATION! MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK IPLOT  NO.  I  PHYSIOGRAPHY ALT ITUDE ( F T . ) ASPECT TOPOGRAPHY MICROKELIEF (WITHIN PLOT) SLOPE GRADIENT (X) POSITIOS ON SLOPE LANOFURM TEXTURE OF PARENT MATERIAL STAND  0031  018 I 0191  0221  0321  0 3 9 | 0351  0361  033!  03*1  0371  0381  0451  049!  j 125 1 50 1 25  SOIL.1 ORGANIC LAYERS  !  VEGETATION t OF tJRUSH S P E C I E S l IA) OVERTOPPING TREES (B) NOT OVERTOPPING TREES STRATA C O V E R A G E S ) A BI B2 C D  1  1  1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1. 1 1 1  I 1 1 I  I 1 1 1  1 1  1 1  1 1 1  400 I 0 1 CC 1  30 6 MP G  .'  !  !  !  !  MTF 110 1966 1966 8 6 1967 NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE PCB  MTF 110 1966 1966 8 1967 PCB  MTF 80 1959 1960 14 1960 PCB  MTF 80 1959 I960 14 1960 PCB  MTF 100 1964 1964 10 1965 PCB  MTF 1 100 1 19641 19641 10 1 19651 PCB 1  1 1  1  1 I 1 1  1 I 1  100 200  200 300  150 150  150 200  50 25 1000 50  125 200  100 200  150 600  200 550  250 900  300 900  300 300  500 500  80 15 5  55 35 10  55 35 10  60 35 5  10 70 20  5 90 5  5 90 5  10 70 20  10 70 20  5 90 5  5 90 5  20 60 20  30 60 10  1190 340 CV U 10 3 MV c  1190 150 CV U 15 3 MV G  480 90 CC U 5 6 MP G  500 145 CC U 15 6 MP G  700 FLAT CC F 0-5 7 MP G  650 FLAT CC U 0-5 7 MP G  UBCF 10.0 1965 1965 9  UBCF 10.0 1965 1965 9  UBCF 10.0 1965 1965 9  MTF 110 1966 1966 8  MTF 110 1966 1966  MTF 80 1959 1960 14  MTF 80 1959 1960 14  540 FLAT CC F 0-5 6 MP C  500 150 CC  U  U  30 7 MB G  10 70 20  '  <5 60 <1 30  5 ao 5 10  5 60 10 25  0 35 20 45  0 60 5 35  0 65 0 35  0 60 5 35  0 60 5 35  0 20 0 80  0 35 0 65  0 45 0 55  0 40 0 60  0 60 0 40  !  195  | I0 1 40 1 80 1 90 15  0 30 05 30 10  30 70 0 60 85 65 50  50 50 0 30 90 t>5 65  40 60 0 40 65 90 80  70 30 0 25 95 40 60  60 40 0 25 95 90 45  70 30 15 80 65 40 30  90 10 0 90 70 40 50  10 90 50 90 25 30 40  10 90 10 95 25 20 20  20 80 40 90 20 10 20  20 80 30 95 35 10 20  20 80 0 95 85 25 90  O 95 60 60 70  I  l  i  I 1 1 I I I  l  I I 1  1  I  1  I  1  1 1 1 I !  i  ! !  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 | 1  !  |'| 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 | I I I  I !  !  1.1  I 1 1 I 1  !  30 70  !  1  1  1 1 1 1 I | 1 1 I  I 1 I I j 1 I I  1  1  1  1  1  !  I 40 60  1  1 1 1  !  1  1 1  1  1  1 1 1 1 1 I I | 1 1 I  1 1 1 I 1  0 30 15 55  1  1  1 I 1 | 1 1 I  |  | 15  I  450 10 N H 35 5 MB G  1200 30 CV H 20 2 MV G  1 PODZ PODZ POOZ POOZ PODZ POOZ PODZ POOZ PODZ PODZ POOZ POOZ PODZ POOZ PODZI ( I N . ) 12.5 1.0 4 . 0 . 2.0 2.0 1.5 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.5 2.5 2.0 1.5 1 IM M M M M M H M M M M M M M M 1  | 10 1 60 12 1 38  I  690 295 CC F 10 7 MP G  1 UBCF UBCF 14.5 10.0 1 1970 1965 1 1970 1965 13 8 I 1 NONE NONE  | 1 150 1 200  I  675 FLAT CC F 0-5 8 MP G  1238 40 CV H' 8 1 30 15 ' 3 1 MVCV MV 1G G  LOCATION SETTING SIZE (A.I DATE LOGGED DATE SINCE LAST DISTURBANCE AGE OF STAND (YRS.) DATE PLANTED , TYPE OF TREATMENT BURNING INTENSITY DISTANCE TO SEED SOURCE ( F T . ) DISTANCE.TO SOUTH EOGE 1 F T . 1 TYPE OF SEED SOURCEII) DOUGLAS-FIR WESTERN HEMLOCK REOCEOAR  I  1  1 I 850 1 260 1N 1N  1  DESCRIPTION  SOIL ORDER (CSSC 1970) DEPTH OF ORGANIC LAYERS HYGRO TOP E X OF PLOT COVERED BY: ROCK SLASH MINERAL SOIL ORGANIC MATERIAL  0091  PAGE  !  y  i  1 1  I I 1 1 1 I  1 1 I  I 1 I 1 I  I  |  |  |  1  |  I 1  |  |  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART I - GENERAL PLOT INFORMATION  PAGE  COASTAL, WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - ORY SUBZONE FOREST ASSOCIATION! SWORDFERN - WESTERN REDCEDAR IPLOT NO.  | 0051 0301 0311 OOtl  0061 0231 007 1 0081 0271 0281 0021 0241 0251 026 1 004| 0291 I,  1 PHYSIOGRAPHY 1 ALT ITUDE ( F T . ) IASPECT 1 TOPOGRAPHY 1MICRORELIEF (WITHIN PLOT) 1 SLOPE GRADIENT (X) 1 POSIT ION ON SLOPE 1LANOFORM 1 TEXTURE OF PARENT HATER IAL  j  1 STAND I  ice* r i  DESCRIPTION. —  1 SETTING S I Z E I A . ) 1 DATE LOGGED IOATE SINCE LAST DISTURBANCE 1 AGE OF STAND (YRS. ) IDATE PLANTEO 1 TYPE UF TREATMENT 1 BURNING INTENSITY [DISTANCE TU SEED SOURCE ( F T . ) 1DISTANCE TO SOUTH EDGE ( F T . 1 1 TYPE OF SEEO SOURCEIXI 1 UOUGLAS-FIR 1 WESTERN HEMLOCK I REDCEDAR  397 45 F N <5 8 GW SI  405 0 CC F 10 8 CW SI  410 758 FLAT 220 CC N U . N 0-5 12 8 6 UW MP SI G  UBCF 36.0 1970 1970 3 1971 PCB  UUCF 36.0 1970 1970 4 1971 PCB  UBCF 36.0 1970 1970 4 1971 PCB  UBCF 36.0 1967 1967 6 1967 PCB  225 450  250 500  100 400  60 25 15  60 25 15  60 25 15  580 270 N N 15 6 HP G  UBCF 36.0 1967 1967 6 1967 PCB  730 2C0 CC F 0-5 8 MP G  UBCF 36.0 1967 1967 7 1967 PCB  WO  FLAT F U FLAT 9 GF S  UBCF 32.0 1965 1965 8 1967 PCB  198 147 2 :o 230 IFLAT 1270 N ICC CC U F F 20 10-5 7 9 7 CF GF GF G C G  lie  UBCF 4.5 1968 1968 5  UBCF 4.5 1968 1968 6  150 250  NONE SL N 100 200 550 400 100 1200 1C00 1000 450 600  SL S 300 700  UBCF 16.7 1964 1965 8 1965 SL N 200 900  70 20 10  70 20 10  10 50 40  30 60 10  70 20 10  60 30 10  10 50 40  10 50 40  UBCF 4.5 1968 1968 6  505 535 200 1220 CC ICC N H 5 15 7 8 MB 1MB G G  580  1B0 CC U 10 7 MB G  500 310 CC F 10 9 GF S .  360 280 CC N 10 8 HP G  400 1 270 I CC 1 F i 10 1 8 1 MP | G 1  1 1  UBCF 18.7 1964 1965 9 1965 SL N 250 1000  UBCF 18.7 1964 1965 9 1965 SL N 150 1200  UBCF 18.7 1964 1965 9 1965 SL N 400 1000  UBCF 64.0 1959 1960 13 1960 SL N 300 600  UBCFI 64.01 19591 19601 14 I 19601 SL 1 N 1 300 20001  30 60 10  30 60 10  30 60 10  65 25 10  60 25 15  1 SOIL C ORGANIC LAYERS 1 SOIL ORDER (CSSC 1970) IDEPTh OF ORGANIC LAYERS 1HYGROTOPE 1X OF PLOT COVEREO BY! 1 ROCK 1 SLASH 1 MINERAL SOIL 1 ORGANIC MATERIAL  ,n  I I  (IN.)  0 5 75 20  0 20 60 20  0 10 30 60  0 20 <5 95  0 5 50 45  0 30 <5 65  0 60 <5 40  0 30 10 60  0 30 10 60  0 30 <5 55  0 40 10 50  0 30 5 65  0 30 20 50  0 10 <5 85  0 20 5 75  1 VEGETATION IX OF bRUSH S P E C I E S : 1 U l OVERTOPPING TREES 1 IBI NOT OVERTOPPING TREES 1 STRATA COVERAGEIXI 1 A 1 BI 1 62 1 .C 1 0  10 90  50 50  80 20  5 95  5 95  20 80  5 95  95 5  60 20  60 40  15 85  30 70  70 30  10 90  30 70  20 60  0 15 65 90 30  0 25 40 85 20  0 40 70 95 20  0 85 50 60 15  0 80 75 80 15  0 50 60 95 30  35 90 60 95 40  0 55 85 90 45  0 30 60 ' 95 70  0 50 70 90 80  0 80 70 70 10  0 80 80 90 60  0 . 50 40 100 20  0 90 70 30 60  35 95 15 10 25  50 95 80 10 50  I 1 |  1 1  1  I  1 I  l  1  1 I 1  1 1  I  1  !  1  1  1  1 1  1 1  1 1  1 1  1  1 1  1 1  1 1 1 I I 1 1  I 1  I 1 1 1  I  1 | 1  | I  1  | 1 1 1  1  1  I 1  1 I 1  | I  !  ! 'i ' !  GLEY GLEY GLEY POOZ POOZ PODZ POOZ POOZ POOZ PODZ POOZ PODZ PODZ PODZ POOZ PODZI <1.0 <1.0 <1.0 <1.0 <1.0 <1.0 1.0 1.5' 1.0 <1.0 1.0 2.5 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.5 1 HG HG HG SHG SHG SHG HG SHG SHG SHG SHG SHG SHG HG HG HG 1 0 10 855  l  1 1 1  1  1  1 1  1  1  I 1 1 I 1 I  I  I  1  I  I  I  |  1  I  I  1 I  I 1  I  ! ! !1 I I! II II 1 1  1  I  1 | I I I  I I | 1 I  I  | | | |  | I  | | | |  145  PART  II.  Vegetation  Synthesis  Tables  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT .TABLE - PART U - RELEVE TABLES COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE, DRY SUBZONE S A L A L - DOUGLAS-FIR ASSOCIATION . 10481 0401 04 11 0421 0 * 3 104410461 0 4 7 105010101 015101610171 0201 O i l I 0 1 2 I 0131 014I 0211  PLOT NUMBER ST NO.  ALNUS RUBRA .  2 3 4 5 6 7  BETULA P A P Y R I F E R A TSUGA HETEROPHYLLA SALIX SITCHENSIS PSEUDOTSUGA M E N Z I E S I I PSEUDOTSUGA.MENZIESII THUJA PL ICATA ALNUS RUBRA PRUNUS EMARGINATA ACER CIRCINATUM POPULUS TRICHOCARPA CORNUS NUTTALL11 RHAMNUS PURSHI ANA S A L I X SCOULERI ANA ACER MACROPHYLLUM  e  9  10 11 12 13  B2  SPECIES  1  14 15 16 17  S P E C I E S S I G N I F I C A N C E AND S O C I A B I L I T Y  19  20 21  22 23 24  25 26  27  28 29 30 31  .  1 . 2.  •  3.  j +,• 7 .  •  •-.• 7. •  | . j .  •f  | . j . (ART.) (NAT.)  | . | . ,1 «  ''' 1• 1 • 1 .  • •  GAULTHERIA SHALLON VACCINIUM PARVIFOLIUM . TSUGA HETEROPHYLLA RUBUS S P E C T A B I L I S BETULA P A P Y R I F E R A PSEUDOTSUGA M E N Z I E S I I (NAT.) MENZIESIA FERRUGINEA SPIRAEA D0UGLASI1. THUJA P L I C A T A VACCINIUM OVALIFOLIUM SALIX SITCHENSIS RUBUS PARVIFLORUS PRUNUS EMARGINATA PSEUDOTSUGA M E N Z I E S I I (ART.) RUBUS LEUC0DERM1S VACCINIUM ALASKAENSE ACER,CIRCINATUM R I B E S SANGUJNEUM RHAMNUS PURSHI ANA POPULUS TRICHOCARPA SAMBUCUS RACEMOSA RUBUS L A C I N I A T U S CORNUS N U T T A L L I I S A L I X SC OULERI ANA RIBES LACUSTRE HOLODISCUS DISCOLOR TAXUS B R E V I F O L I A BERBER IS NERVOSA LEDUM GROENLAND.ICUM  2. I  3.  +  16. 5 5.4 '• .13. + 2. | . 2. 1 1 . 1 1. + l ! 1 . 12. +  :  IB  1  PAGE  \ 11  9. 7 2. 2. + 2. 1 3. t  . 1 •  .  . 1  2.* • 4.+ 3.+ 2.* 2.+ 3.+ 4 . * 3.* 4.+ 4.1] 6 . 1 5 . 1 6 . 1 • 1.+ • . + .• 3 . + 4.* 5.+ 5.+ 5 . + 8.+ . . • 2.+ • « + .+ • 4.1 + .+ 4 . 1 • . • 3.* • • • • 3.+ • • • • •• • • • • 3.+ • • • • • • • •. • • • • • . 6.4  5.3  8.5  7.3  8.6  3.+ 3.+ 3.+ 3.+ 2.+ 2.+ 6.+ 6.1 2.1 2.+ 3.1 2.+ 4.+ + . + 3.+ 2.+ + ..• + + .+ 2.+ 1.+ 1.* 2.* • 3.1 3.1 I. I 1 . . 3.4 3.1 3.1 2.1 3.+ 3.+ 1 • . 2.+ 2.+ 3.+ 1 • . 2.+ 2.+ 1.* I-. • . j . 1. • 3.4 3.1 3.5 2.1 2.+ 1 . * • 1. • 2.+ « + . • .' • 15. 3 . • 4. • 5.+ 5.+ 2.+ . 5 . * 4.+ 4.1 3.1 2.1 • 1 . . 2.+ • 1 . . 2.* 3 . + 3.4 '. 1 '<2. I . 1.1 j , • 1 . + 1.1 3.+ . j , 1.+ • • • .+ • 1 < . • • j. • 2.+ | , j , * • . • 1 1 + .+ •  | |  j I  • •  .  2.+ 3.+ 3.4 5.*  • • • •  •  8.6  3.+ 3.+ 3.1  .  2.+ 3.+  .  2.+  8.7 3.+ 5.1 4.1 2.+ 3.+ 3.+ 3.1 2.+ 2.1 3.1  .  2.*  2.*  2.1  4.5  5.+ 5.+ 5.1 3.+ 2.+ 3.+ 4.1 4.1 4.1  .  + .• . 3.*  5.1 4.1 3.1 2.* •  4.1 2.1 2.+ 4.1  .  *  2.*  •  • •  4.5  -.  2.*  3.*  .  2.* 2.1 2.+  2.1  6.4 3.1 4. 1 3.1 2.+ 3.+ 2.1 2.1 4.1 3.1 4.1 2.1 1.+  «  •  2.+  1.+  5.1 5.1 4.1 • 1.+ 5.1 • 3.1 4. 1  2.1  .  1.+  9.5  2.1 3.1  -.  9.6  . + .+ • . 1.+  .  . 1 .  .  •  - «  •  •  7.6  7.7  3.+ 5.1 4.1 2.* 3.*  4. 1 5.1 4.1 2.+ 3.+  .  .  4.1 3.+ 2.+ 4.+ . 3.1 4.1 4.5 . 2.1 2.+ 3.+  .  2.1 2.+  2.1  .  3.1  3.1  2.*  • 3.* 2.+  1.+  .  •  .  ..  5.*l  • .• 11 0 . 5  78.9 3 . 1 1 . + 3 . * • .• 3 . * 2.+ 6. 1 3.1 4.1 6. 1 7. 1 5.1 5.'11 68.4 52.6 1.1 2.+ 4.5 . 2.* 47.4 . . . . . 42.1 5.+ 3 . + 2.* 3.+ 31.6 2.+ 4.+ 3.+ 2.+ + .• + .• 4.+ 2. • I 31.6 . 26.3 2.+ 2.+ . 2.+ . 21.1 3.1 • 3.1 . 10.5 . • a.+ • 3.+ .5.3 • 3.+ 5.3 • • . • 5.3 • • • 5.3 • • • •  3.1 4.+  .  P  •  •  •  •  • 1.+ • • • - • •  6. 51 100.0 5.+ 3. 11 100.0 5. 1 5 11 94.7 2. 11 89.5 3.+ 3.+ + ,• |89. 5 4 +1 78.9 4.+ 3.+ 2. 11 73.7 3. + 2. 11 73.7 + .+1 68.4 3.+ 2.+ 2. 11 63.2 3.+ + , +1 63.2 2 11 63.2 . 52.6 47.4 . 42. 1 1 1.+ .42.1 2 . + 12.1 36.8 2.1 36.8 . 36.8 • 26.3 15.8 • • 15.8 I.* 15.8 15.8 1 ' • 10.5 1 • 10.5 1 a 10.5 I • 1 a 5.3 5.3 • 1 • 8.7  7.7 5.+ 6.1 3. • 2.+ 4. + 3.+ 3.+ 2.+ 3.1 3.+ 2.+  MS  RS  1-9  •-5  3.0  «-4  5.1 1.5 5.0 2.3 2.3 1.4 1.1 1.4 + .4 • .4 + .4 + .4 + .0  3-7 +-4 +-8 • -5 +-4 +-4 + -3 2-3 • -3 3-3 3-3 3-3  +-+  7.8 4 - 9 4.4 2-5 5.1 2-6 3.7 2-5 3.1 +-5 3.0 • -4 3.2 1-5 3.0 1-4 3.0 +-4 3.0 2-4 2.8 • -4 2.2 1-3 1.7 +-4 3.9 .2-5 2.0 1-4 1.6 2-3 1.9 • -4 1.5 +-3 1.1 •-3 + .8 • -3 + .6 2-2 + .4 1-2 + .1 •-2 + .0 +-1 + .0 •-1 + .0 +- + + .0 • -• + .4 3-3 + .0 2-2  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART II - RELEVE TABLES COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE, DRY SUBZONE . SALAL-  DOUGLAS-FIR  ASSOCIATION  PLOT NUMBER : ST NO.  OH  0151016101710201 Oil I 0121013 I 01410211 I 0481 0401 0411 04210431 0441 046105010101 047  SPECIES  SPECIES SIGNIF CANCE AND SOCIABILITY  32 SALIX LASIANDRA • 33 BERBER IS AQUIFOLIUM 34 PYRUS FUSCA ALNUS RUBRA 35 ROSA GYMNOCARPA 36 SORBUS AUCUPARIA '  1, 1 1 1, 1 1  37 PTERIOIUM AQUILINUH 38 - EPILOB IUM AUGUST!FOLIUM • TSUGA HETEROPHYLLA 39 BLECHNUM SPICANT 40 RUBUS URSINUS 41 ANAPHALIS MARGARITACEA 42 POLYSTICHUM MUNITUM 43 URYOPTERIS AUSTRIACA THUJA PLICATA PSEUDOTSUGA MENZIESII (NAT.) 44 LINNAEA BOREALIS 45 ATHYRIUM FILIX-FEMINA 46 LYCOPODIUM CLAVATUM 47 CORNUS CANADENSIS 48 HOLCUS LANATUS 49 JUNCUS EFFUSUS 50 HYPOCHAERIS RAD [CAT A 51 LACTUCA BIENNIS 52 LUZULA PARVI FLORA 53 SOL I DAGO CANADENSIS . 54 AGROSTIS SCAORA 55 CALAMAGROSTIS CANADENSIS 56 SCIRPUS MICRUCARPUS 57 HIERACIUM ALB IFLORUH 58 SENECIO SYLVATICUS 59 TRILLIUM OVATUM 60 CAR EX AQUATILIS 61 EPILOBIUM WATSONII ' 62 SCIRPUS CYPERINUS 63 CAREX HENDERSON11 64 TIARELLA TRIFOLIATA 65 TRISETUM CERNUUM 66 CAREX INTERIOR 67 CIRSIUM ARVENSE 68 FESTUCA OCCIDENTALIS 69 GOODYERA OBLONG IF OLIA PSEUDOTSUGA MENZIESII (ART.) 70 URTICA DIOICA  I 5 5 7 512 1 13 I 3. 113. 1 11 • • +1 . j 12 + j 2. 114. 4 13 1 3 314. 4 | | , | 11 • | ,  71 HYLOCOMIUM SPLENDENS 72 RHYTIDIADELPHUS LOREUS  |  j ,  j, j . | j, | , j, | , | | j, | , j, | | | | j  | |  I ++  1 | I  | • j , | 1 <  j  j ,  • 5. 1 4 2 2•  8.6 3.+ 2.+ 3.+ 3.1 3 1 2.1 2.• 2.+ 1 1.+ 1+ . +,+ 1.+ •  • •  j ,  j  | . 1 2 21 . 1 21  •  a  a  • • •  a  • • •  •  • a a  1.+ •  •  • •  .  #  a  a  a  •  a  a  • •  •  j  | |  •  #  a  3. •  a a  • a #  a  •  I.*  •  a  • • • • • a  •  j  • •  4.3  • •  | | j j |  1.+  j | j j |  •  j  j  • •  | |  • •  | 1•  1.+  I  3 3 5.4 2. 2 4. 3 4 3 3 3 4.3 5.3 5 414.4 2 2 3.3 3 3 4. 3 3. 3 2.2 3.3 2 212.2  MS RS  + .0 2-2 + .0 l - l + .0 l - l + .0 +- + + .0 +- + + .0 8.7 7.7 7.6 7.616. 51 94.7 6.3 2-8 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.111. +1 94.7 3.8 1-5 5.1 4.1 4. 14.113. +1 89.5 3.4 + -5 3.+ 3.+ 2.+ 3.+14. •1 89.5 3.2 1-4 3.1 4.4 4.1 4.512. ll 84.2 3.4 1-4 3.4 4.5 2.1 2.11 . 1 78.9 3.3 1-5 2.+ 3.+ 2.+ 3.+I3. +1 78.9 2.7 2-3 2.1 3.+ 3.+ 3.+12. +1 78.9 2.3 1-3 3.+ 3.+ 3.+ 3. + I +1. 1 68.4 2.3 1-3 3.+ 1.+ 2.+ 3.+|2.+1 63.2 1.6 •-3 5.6 . 5.5 5.51 . 1 47.45.2 5-8 2.+ 3.+ 1.+ 2.+I1. +1 47.4 1.4 1-3 2.2 2.1 • 1 •1 42. 11.8 1-4 2.3 . 4.4 1 .1 31.6 2.3 2-4 . . 2.1 2.+ 3.+ I , 1 26.3 1.2 1-3 1.2 2.3 2.+ 2.11 . 1 26.3 1.0 1-2 . 2.+ 1.11 . 1 21.1 + .6 1-2 2.+ 2.+ * 1 •1 21.1 + .5 +-2 . * . 11.•1 15.8 + .4 1-2 1.+ 2.+ 2.+ . 1 . 1 15.8 + .4 1-2 3.2 2.1 * 1 •1 10.5 + .8 2-3 « 3.4 • 1 . 1 10.5 + .6 1-3 . . 1.+ . 1 . 1 10.5 + .6 1-3 2.+ 2.+ . 1 . 1 10.5 + .2 2-2 I.* l. + l . 1 10.5 + .0 1-1 + .• « • 1 •1 10.5 + .0 +- + • 3. + I . ! 5.3 + .4 3-3 a 3.+ • • 1 •1 5.3 + .4 3-3 . a • • 1 •1 5.3 + .4 3-3 2.2 t • • 1 •1 5.3 + .0 2-2 • 2.+ • 1 5.3 + .0 2-2 • 2.+ • 1 •1 5.3 + .0 2-2 • • 1 -1 5.3 + .0 1-1 « 1.+ • • 1 •1 5.3 + .0 l-l a • • 1 •1 5.3 + .0 l-l • • • 1 •1 5.3 + .0 l - l a • • 1 •1 5.3 + .0 +-• + .• • • • 1 . 1 5.3 + .0 +-•  • • •  |  5.5 17.6 5.1 3.+ 3. 113.1 3.+ 3.1 2 • 11.+ 3.1 3.+ 3 + 12.+4.1 4.1 3. 112.+ 1.1 3.4 2 11 5.4 2.+ 3 + 13.+2.+ 2.+ 2. 112.+ 2.+ 2.+ 2 +1 3.1 j + .+ 1.+ 7.7 5. 418.5 5.4 2.+ 11.+ 1.+ 2.1 |. 2.1 . 3.3 | j • 2.t 1.1 • • | 1.+ • 1. + | j 2.3 2.2 j a. • | ,  a  j , j , | , j , j , | , j ,  a  #  5. 1 6 4 5.6 2. • 5.5 3. • 3.+ 2. + 2 • 2.+ 1 1 4. 5 3.1 3.4 2. + 2 1 3.+ 1. 1 3.+ 1+ 2.1 2.+ 6. 5 7.6 1.+ 4. 4 2. 2 • 4. 4  5, 1 4, 1 5 5 1. 1 1. + 3. + 1• 4 1 3. 1 2 1 1. 1 3. + 1. 1 2 + 2. + • + 1. +  j 1. 1 1.1 • 3. 31 3.3 • 1 < • j , 1. 2.+ j , 1.+ j , 3. 11 . | , j . j ,  •  P  • a  • •  • • • • • a  •  •  • • • • •  • . 1 *1 l.+ . 1 . 1 • 1.11 . 1 • 1 •1 . 1 •1 • • .• • 1 •1  2.1  - »  •  5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3  2.11 . 1 68.4 4.0 2-5 1.11 . 1 57.9 2.4 1-4  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART II - RELEVE TABLES COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONEt DRY SUBZONE SALAL -'DOUGLAS-FIR  PLOT NUMBER S.T NO.  DM  OW  OR  PAGE  ASSOCIATION  SPECIES  73 74 75 76 77 78  PLAGIOTHECIUM UUDULATUM EURHYNCHIUH OREGANUM ISOTHECIUM STOLON IFERUM RHYTIOIAOELPHUS TRIQUETRUS SPHAGNUM PALUSTRE AULACOMNIUM ANDRUGYNUM .  79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 ' 89  POLYTRICHUH JUNIPERINUM POGONATUM CONTORTUM POHLIA NUTANS CERATOOON PURPUREUS POGONATUM ALP INUM EURHYNCHIUM PRAELONGUM OLIGOTRICHUM ALIGERUM DITR1CHUM HETEROMALLUM DICRANELLA HE TEROMALLA POLYT RIC HUM COMMUNE AULACOMNIUM ANOROGYNUM DICRANUM TAURICUM  3  ICHBI 0<VO| 0411 0421 0431 0441 0461 047 I 05010101 015 1016 101710201 O i l 101210131 014102 l l P  SPECIES SIGNIFICANCE ANO SOCIABILITY 11 111 21 1.11 1 111 21 I . I I . I 12.31 I 13 2 1 . 1 12 212 11 11 I I . I 13 21 I . I I.I.I I.I.I I 12.21 314 412 213.21' 412 21 |4.4|4.3|3 313. 316 13 212.314.312 213. 313 12.21 31 12, 313 212 31 1212.212.21 12.21 . I I 3.21 I . 14.31 13.31 I 4. 314 I . 12 31 . I I 2.21 13.31 12. 21 I I . 12.21 12. 11 I 1.21 . I I2!2l I . I . 13 31 . I . I I . I I . I I .I II  13  I 31 312 31 312 I3  21  MS  RS  + .4 1.7 + .2 + .0 + .4 + .0  l-l 2-4 2-2 1-1 3-3 2-2  89.5 5.7 47.4 2.3 36. 8 1.4 31.6 2.7 31.6 2.4 15.8 1.0 10.5 + .8 10.5 + .2 10.5 + .0 5.3 + .4 5.3 + .0 5.3 + .0  2-9 2-4 1-3 2-5 2-4 2-3 2-3 2-2 1-2 3-3 1-1 l-l 1-3 1-3 1-4 1-2 l-l  26.3 21.1 10.5 10.5 5.3 5.3  i^PLAG I OTHEC I UM UNDULATUM HYLOCOMIUM SPLENDENS RHYTIDIADELPHUS LOREUS. EURHYNCHIUM OREGANUM 90 RHIZOMNIUM GLABRESCENS ' .  11 111 213.213 212 113 312.112.211.111.11 1 112 13.312 212 212 212.211.11 . 11.11 1 111 21 14.312 213 312 211.113.311.11 . II 11 11 12.11 . 1 . 1 . 1 I I 11 212.21 I . I . I . I . I I • I I 11  63.2 52.6 47.4 15.a 5.3  2.0 1.7 2.0 + .4 + .0  91 RHACOMITRIUM CANESCENS 92 RHACOMITRIUM HETEROSTICHUK POHLIA NUTANS 93 BARBULA SP. OITRICHUM HETEROMALLUM  112 211 l l . I 212 21 12.31 I I . I I . Ii 11 I I . I  36.8 31.6 5.3 5.3 5.3  1.6 1-3 2.0 2-4 1.1 4-4 + .0 2-2 + .0 2-2  I  13.212.213.21 . 13 31 12.11 . 14.314.41 14.41 . 1 . 1 . 1 I . I . I . I .I  I . I . I . 12.21  00  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART II - RELEVE TABLES COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE, DRY SUBZONE MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK ASSOCIATION I 0031 0091 0181 019 1022 1032 I 0391 0351 03610331 03410371 0381 OASII 0491 I I  PLOT NUMBER ST NO. SPECIES  Bl  B2  1 PSEUDOTSUGA MENZIESII 2 ALNUS RUBRA 3 SALIX SCOUL ERI ANA 4 TSUGA HETEROPHYLLA TSUGA HETEROPHYLLA 5 BETULA PAPYRIFERA 6 ACER CIRCINATUM 7 SALIX SITCHENSIS 8 RHAMNUS PURSHI ANA PSEUOOTSUGA MENZIESII 9 THUJA PLICATA SALIX SCOULERI ANA 10 PSEUDOTSUGA MENZIESII ALNUS RUBRA 11 RUBUS SPECTABILIS 12 POPULUS TRICHOCARPA 13 VACCINIUM PARVIFOLIUM 14 SPIRAEA OOUGLASII 15 PRJNUS EMARGINATA 16 CORNUS NUTTALLI I 17 GAULTHERIA SHALLON VACCINIUM PARVIFOLIUM 18 VACCINIUM ALASKAENSE TSJGA HETEROPHYLLA RUBUS SPECTABILIS THUJA PLICATA 19 VACCINIUM OVAL IFOLIUM 20 SAMBUCUS RACEMOSA SPIRAEA DOUGLASII. 21 HENZIESIA FERRUGINEA 22 RUBUS PARVIFLORUS ' PSEUDOTSUGA MENZIESII SALIX SITCHENSIS ACER CIRCINATUM PRUNUS EMARGINATA POPULUS TRICHOCARPA 23 RUBUS LEUCODERMIS ' SALIX SCOULERI ANA BETULA PAPYRIFERA RHAMNUS PURSHI ANA . 24 KIBES SANGUINEUS. 25 PICEA SITCHENSIS PSEUDOTSUGA MENZIESII 26 BERBER1S AQUIFOLIUM  PAGE I  SPECIES SIGNIFICANCE AND SOCIABILITY (ART.)  a  1 . | . 1•  *  •  •  17.5 6.1 7.1 12.+ • .+ 15.6 , . 1 1.+3.1 4.1 | . | .  5.1  •  (ART.) (NAT.)  1  ;  #  aa a aa .aa  a a aaa aa  14.6 6.5 7.4 4.4 5.4 13.+ 4.+ 4.1 4.1 3.1 I . 2.+ 3.* 2.+ 2.+ 16.5 5.1 5. 16. 14.1 13.5 4.4 6.1 5.4 4.1 12.1 3.+ 3.+ 3.+ 3.1 1 • 3.+ 4.1 3. 1 2.1 1 I. +1.+ • .+ 1.+ . 1 3.+ 3. 13.1 3.1 4.1 !•.+ . 3. 12.+ 12.1 1.+ . 3.1 2.+ 13.+ 3.+ 3. • 4.+ 2.1 12.1 4.1 4. 15. 13.1 15.6 . . ' + .+ 1 4.+2.+ •. 1.+ 3.+ 14.+ • .• +.+ I • 2.+ 2.t 2.+ 2.1 I • • 2.+ . 1.+ 12.+ 2.+ . 1 • + .+ 1.+ » 1 3.+ •|1. • + .• . . • • . 1 2.+ • a  (ART.)  4.1  •  5.1 6. 1 5 1 7.1 + .+ 4.+ + . +3 3 4.5 4.1 2.+ « 3 + 4.+ • . 13.1 3.+ 3.+ | . . 3.* | . + .• 2.+ . 12. 13.1 • .• 2.+ | . . • . 1. 2.+ _ • . T . 4.+ | . 4.1 • 12.+ . * . • • • • . •  (NAT.)  a a a'  aaa a a aa  •  6.5 6. 4 3.+ 3. t 2.* 4. 1 5.1 4. 1 7.6 6. 5 2.+ 2.+ 2.+ 1. • . 3.+ 4 + 2. 1 •. + 4.4 3, 3 1.+ 2.+ • . • 2! •  6.5 3.+ 3.1 4.1 4.4 3.+ 2.+ . 2.1  3.1 .  . 16.• 14.+ 7.+ • 1 +••1 . . . 13.+ 1 .2.+ . 1 . 1 • 4.+ 7.114. • 13.• 6.+ 3.+I5.+ 1 4.+ 6.51 . 14.4 4.5 . 1 . 12.1 . 5.+I+.+ 1 2.+5.+ . 18.+ 1 8.+8.+ 3. + I 1. + •3.+ + . 1 ++.1 2.13.1 + .• 1 |. . . • .+ 1 .| . . 18.61 7.6 4. 1 . 1 .1 •.+ . 14.+ 1 5.1 . 13.41 . • 1 •| . . 13.+ 1 . . 5.513. 114.4 2.1 3.113. 11 . 1.1 4.11 3.+ 1 2.+2.+ 4.11 . I . 3.+ 5.4| . 1 3.3 . 3. + I i. . 2.+ 2. + I 1 . 2.+ . 13. 113.1 3.1 4. 11 . I . 3. + I |. , 1.11 . 1 • . 1 .1 . . 1. 1• 2. + I 1. . 2.1 . 1 •f . • 1. • 1 •1 - * « • 1. . 1 • • I• j . • 1 . • 1. 1 . • 1 "1 • . • . 1. 1 .  a. •1* #  6.+ • • •  •'..1  3.+ 4.5 4.+ 3.+ 9.+ 5.1 . + .+ . 4.1 3.+ . 2.1 3.1 3.*  2.* 5.1 2.+ 3.*  2.+  a a a aa  2.1 .  «  • •  •  a aa a .1• a a • #  #  *  • •  1  HS RS  .1.1 1 . 1 . 1 26.7 .1.1 I.I.I 13.3 . | . | , I.I.I 13.3 .1.1 I.I.I 6.7 7.118.+| . | . I . I . 1100.0 4.+ 5.*! . 1 I.I.I 66.7 6.6| . I I . I . I 60.0 3.+ +.•1 . 1 .I . I . I 60.0 +.•1 . 1 I . I . I 53.3 8.* 8.+ I . I I . I . I 40.0 . 1 . 1 . I.I.I 40.0 » . I.I I . I . I 33.3 • J . 1 <I . I . I 33.3 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1.33.3 . 1 . 1 . I.I.I 26.7 « •.•1 . 1 I.I.I 26.7 I.I.I 20.0 , . 1 . 1 . I.I.I 20.0 •.•1 . 1 <I . I . I 13.3 • . 1 . 1 . I.I.I 6.7 4.3 5.31 . 1 . 1100.0 5.1 4.+I . I . I . I . I 93.3 2.+ 2.* 1 . I . I . I . I 93.3 6.1 4.11 . 1 . 1 . 1 .1 86.7 4.1 4.51 . I . I . I . I 66.7 4.+ 3.+ I . I . 1 . 1 . 1 80.0 2.+ 2. + I . I I.. I . I 73.3 1.+ l.+ l . 1 .I . I . I 73.3 3.1 3.1 I . 1 . I . I . I 66.7 5.1 4. + I . I I.. I . I 60.0 3.1 3.4| . 1 .I . I . I 53.3 3.+ 3.+I . I . I . I . I 46.7 . . I . I . 1 .1 . 1 40.0 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 40.0 . 1 . 1 . I . I . I 33.3 . 1 . 1 . I.I.I 33.3 . 1 .1 . I . I . I 26.7 . 1 . 1 . I . I . I 26.7 . 1 . ) . I.I.I 20.0 .1 . 1 . I . I . I 20.0 . 1 . 1 . I . I . I 13.3 . 1 . 1 . I.I.I 13.3 • .• •.•1 . 1 . I . I . I 13.3 . . 1 . 1 . I.I.I 6.7 «  a  a a a a a  4.4 4-7 1.3 + -4 1.0 2-3 1.2 4-4 6.6 3-8 3.7 • -5 4.4 +-6 3.0 • -4 3.4 • -5 6.2 8-9 2.9 +-5 1.7 • -3 1.4 • -4 1.2 +-3 4.5 4-8 -p=. 1.0 +-3 2.9 4-5 1.7 2-4 + .0 +-2 + .6 3-3 5.4 2-7 4.0 1-5 3.1 2-4 5.2 3-6 5.1 2-7 3.1 2-4 2.6 2-4 2.0 +-3 3. 12-4 3.3 +-5 2.0 1-3 2.6 2-4 3.1 +-5 2.9 +-5 1.8 1-4 1.3 +-4 1. 12-2 • .3 +-2 1.0 2-2 + .1 +-2  • .9 1-3 + .0 + • .0 •- + • .0 2-2  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART II - RELEVE TABLES COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE, ORY SUBZONE. MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK ASSOCIATION PLOT NUMBER ST NO.  29 BLECHNUM SPICANT  40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56  TSUGA HETEROPHYLLA PTERIOIUM AUUILINUM POLYSTICHUM MUNITUM ORYOPTERIS AUSTRI ACA THUJA PL ICA TA RUBUS URSINUS EPILOBIUM AUGUSTIFOLIUM ATHYR1UM FILIX-FE MlNA LUZULA PARV IFLOKA ANAHHALIS MARGARITACEA TIARELLA TR IFOLI ATA LYCOPODIUM CLAVATUM PSEUDOTSUGA MENZIESII (NAT.) • TRI LLIUM OVATUM LINNAEA BOREALIS TRISETUM CERNUUM CAREX DEWEYANA CORNUS CANADENSIS GALIUM TRIFLORUM LACTUCA BIENNIS POA PRATENS1S VIOLA SEMPERVIRENS CALAMAGROSTIS CANADENSIS CAR EX INTERIOR HYPERICUM PERFORATUM POA PALUSTRIS TRIENTALIS LATIFOLIA DICENTRA FORMOSA GYMNOCARPIUM DRYDPTERIS EOUISETUM ARVENSE  57 58 59 60 61 62 63  RHYTIDIADELPHUS LOREUS HYLOCOMIUM SPLENDENS PLAGIOTHECIUM UNUULATUM EURHYNCHIUM OREGANUM EURHYNCH1UM PRACLONGUM ISOPTERYGIUM ELEGANS ISOTHECIUM STOLONIFERUM  64 65 66 67  POLYTRICHUM JUNIPERINUM ' POGONATUM CONTORTUM POGONATUM ALP INUM POHLIA NUTANS  33  34 35 36 37 38  39  OH  DM  I 00310091018|019|0221032t 039|035 I 03610331034103710381 0451 049 I  . SPECIES  27 RUBUS LACINIATUS 28 TAXUS BREVIFOLIA 30 31 32  PAGE I  I  I  I  SPECIES SIGNIFICANCE AND SOCIABILITY 1 • • .• 1 3.+3.* 13.+ 3.1 18.7 5.6 1 3.+ 2.+ 12.+ 2.+ 1 3.+ 3.+ 1 3.4 4.4 12.1 4.5 1 1.+ 2.+ 1 • 2.3 12.1 3.4 | . „ | . 1 . 2.+ 1 •.+ | . 5.6 1 . 1 2.21 | . 12.2 • | . i.+ 1 • 13.3 | . 2.3 2.2 | . j . #  12.1  1 1.+ j .  • •  .  3.+  3.1  •  3.+ 3. 13.+ 4.+ 4.+ 5.5 2.+ 2.+ 2.+ 2.+ 2.+ 2.+ 1.+ 2.+ 2.1 3.+ 2.+ 3.1 4.+ . 2.+ 2.+ 2.+ 1.+ 2.* 3.+ 2.+ 3.+ 3.3 4. 13.1 . 1. 1 3.3 2.+ + .+ . 5.4 3.3 . • 1.+ • 2.1 * 3.3 • 1.+ • 1.+ 3.1  •  3.1  •  • 4.+ 3.* 2.+ 2.+ 3.+ 2.+ 5.4 2.+ 1.+ 4.+ .  1  41 3+ 65 4. + 4+  4.1 3.+ 4.1 3.+ 2.1 2.+ 4. 1 3.1 2 + 3.1 I + 2.+ #  3. 1  3.3 •  a  3. 1 2.1 • • • a  3.1  • • • • *  « *  m  2.1  •  2.1  1.  •  «  | , • 3.114 1 3.1 2.+ 12 + 2 ,+ 4. 11 2• 2 + 2. + I 3 14 1 3.113 + 2 1 l. + l . 1. + 5.4| . 2 + 3.11 1• . | , 1. Ll . | , 1 13 | , | + ,• | 1 1• | , j j, | ,  2  MS RS  > 1 • 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 6.7 + .0 1-1 I . I . I . 1 . 1 6.7 + .0 +-• 1 2,+ 4.1 6 .41 . I . . 1 . 1100.0 4.2 2-6 + 3 • 3.+ 2 • +l .1 . 1. 1 . 1100.0 3.2 2-3 + 2.+ 2 1 1 . 1 .. 1 1 . 1 93.35.0 1-8 • 3 ll . 1 . . 1 . 1 93.3 3.2 2-4 1 •a • 1 2 +' 2 1 1 . 1 . . 1 . 1 93.3 3.0 2-4 + 2 • 2.+ 1 + 1 . 1 . . 1 . 1 86.7 2.2 • -3 • •  2 2 1  3 2 +  2.1 • ,•  2.1 3 1 1 . 1 . .11 . 1 2.+ 2 .11 . 1 . 1. 1 . 1 . 1 1 1 . 1 .. 1 1. 1 2 1 1 . 1 . 1. 1 . 1 3 1 1 . 1 . .11 . 1 . 3 3 1 . 1 . 1. 1 . 1 3.1 j . | . |. 1 . 1 1.* • + 1 . 1 . .1.1 I.I.I .1.1 • . 1 . 1 - 1. 1 . 1 * ,|.|. .1.1 i . 1. .1.1 > 1 • 1 . I. 1 . 1 • j . l . .1.1 a  #  j ,  •  j ,  j, j , | , j , j , | , j,  • •  I.I. I.I. 1 . 1• I.I.  .1.1  I  |.|.  .1.1 .1.1 .1.1  .1.1 I.I.I .1.1 I . I . I .1.1 1 .1 . .1.1  j . l . j  .1.1  I . I . I  .1.1 .1.1  80.0 73.3 53.3 46.7 40.0 33.3 33.3 33.3 26.7 20.0 20.0 20.0 13.3 13.3 13.3 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7  3.9 2-5 2.9 1-4 1.3 1-2 2.1 1-4 2. 12-3 2.2 2-4 1.9 1-3 + .8 •-2 + .0 • - + 3.1 3-5 1.0 1-3 1.0 2-2 1.2 3-3 + .2 1-2 + .0 1-1 + .6 3-3 + .6 3-3 + .0 2-2 + .0 2-2 + .0 2-2 + .0 2-2 + .0 2-2 + .0 1.-1 + .0 1-1 + .0 + -+  I.I. .1.1 I+.+ • • • • • • I . I . I .1.1 • 1 • 13.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 3.2 3 2 2.2 2.21 2.2 2 2 3. 2 2. 2 4.3 4 3 1 . 1 . . 11 . 1100.0 3.2 2-4 13.3 5.5 5.4 3.3 4. 3 4. 4 4.4 5.416 4 3 3 3. 2 3 2 5.A 5 31 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 93.3 5.0 3-6 12.2 . . . 1. 1 * 12 2 1 1 22 3.3 3 21 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 46.7 1.8 1-3 1 1.1 2. 2 1.2 2.21 . 1. 1 2. 2 I . I . I . 1 . 1 40.0 1.2 1-2 • | . | , 2. 2 j . l . l . 1 . 1 6.7 + .0 2-2 1.1  #  J •  •  •  •  •  *  •  j, • 1 1.1  11  •  I.I.I  12.2 5.3 5.5 3.3 4.4 3.4 2. 2 3.4 12.3 2 2 2 2 5.3 4 31 . 1 . 1 | . 2 2 2. 2 2. 2 5.3 3 3 1 . 1 . 1 . 3.3 3.3 3.3 2.2 ••I • .» 2.2 4.4 2.3 2.2 3.3 2.212. 2 2.2 I.I. 1 .* • 3.3 1.1 1 . 2.2 I.I.  .1.1 .1.1 .1.1 .1.1  1  6.7 + .0 1-1 6.7 + .0 1-1  86.7 60.0 53.3 20.0  4.1 3.1 2.2 1.1  2-5 2-5 2-4 1-3  On O  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT .TABLE - PART II - RELEVE TABLES COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE, ORY SUBZONE MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK ASSOCIATION PLOT NUMBER ST NO.  DW  OR  PAGE  10031 009101 SI 0191 022 I 032 I 0391 035 10361 033 I 03410371 038 I 04510491  SPECIES  SPECIES SIGNIFICANCE AND SOCIABILITY  68' DICRANELLA HETEROMALLA 69 POLYTRICHUM COMMUNE 70 CERATODON PURPUREUS EURHYNCHIUM PRAELONGUH 71 AULACOMNIUM ANDROGYNUM 72 DIT RI CHUM HETERUMALLUM i ISOTHECIUM STOLON IFERUK 73 POGONATUM URNIGERUM  11  PLAGIOTHECIUM UNOULATUH HYLOCOMIUM SPLENOENS RHYTIDIADELPHUS LOREUS EURHYNCHIUM OREGANUM 74 RHIZOMNIUM GLABRESCENS 75 PLAGIOMNIUM INSIGNE 76 RHY TIDIADELPHUS TRIOUETRUS  11 3 312.212 213 312 212 211 212 112 213.212 312 112 311 212 312 212 11 3.212 211 112 112 21 I I I.II I I . I I I.I 11  77 RHACOMITRIUM  3  CANE SCENS  I  I  11.111 11 31 . I I I I I  . I 1.11 . I . I  I  I  11 11 I  I . I  11  I . I  . . • . . . . •  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  . • • . . • . •  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  . . . . . . . .  1 1 1 1 1 1 1* 1  . 1 . I.I. . 1 . I.I. . 12. 21 . 1 . . 1 . I.I. . 1 . I.I. . 1 . I.I. «.11. 11 . 1 . . 1 . I.I.  RS  • .0 + .6 • .0 • .0 + .0 + .0 • .0 + .0  l-l 3-3 2-2 2-2 1-1 1-L l-l 1-1  . • . . • . . •  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  • • > . • • . .  . . . .  . . . • . • •  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  . 1 93.3 2.3 1-3 73.3 2.1 1-3 • 53.3 1.8 1-3 . 40.0 1.3 1-3 • 13.3 + .5 2-2 • 6.7 + .0 l - l • 6.7 + .0 1-1 .  1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 11.11 .  .  1 .  1  2.212. 112. 211. 211. 11 . 1 . 1 • 1 . 12. 212. 21 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 12. 21 . I 3.21 2. 111. 111. 11 . 12.21 . 1 . 12. 212. 21 . I . I . . 11. 11 . 1 . 1 . I . I . . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . I.I. .  1 13.3 1 6.7 1 6.7 1 6.7 1 6.7 1 6.7 1 6.7 1 6.7  HS  6.7 + .0 l - l  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART I I - RELEVE TABLES COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE, DRY SUBZONE S W O R D F E R N - WESTERN REDCEDAR ASSOCIATION \ PLOT NUMBER ST NO.  Bl  1 2 3 4 5 .6 •:• 7 8 9  B2  10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17  PAGE  I 0051 0301031100110061 0231 007 10081 0271 0281 0021 0241 0251 0261004 I 029 I  SPECIES  ALNUS RUBRA; PSEUDOTSUGA M E N Z I E S I I S A L I X SITCHENSIS S A L I X SCOULERIANA PRUNUS EMARGINATA POPULUS TRICHOCARPA  I  I  I  SPECIES SIGNIFICANCE ANO S O C I A B I L I T Y  (ART.)  ALNUS RUBRA SALIX SITCHENSIS PSEUDOTSUGA M E N Z I E S I I (ART.) POPULUS TRICHOCARPA TSUGA HETEROPHYLLA PRUNUS EMARGINATA PSEUDOTSUGA M E N Z I E S I I (NAT.) ACER CIRCINATUM S A L I X SCOULERI ANA BETULA PAPYRIFERA RUBUS S P E C T A B I L I S RHAMNUS PURSHI ANA RUBUS PARV1FL0RUS. CORNUS NUTTALLI I PICEA S I T C H E N S I S SAMBUCUS RACEMOSA RUBUS DISCOLOR  RUBUS S P E C T A B I L I S . I B SPIRAEA DOUGLASII RUBUS PARVIFLORUS TSUGA HETEROPHYLLA SALIX SITCHENSIS ACER CIRCINATUM 19 GAULTHERIA SHALLON PRUNUS EMARGINATA POPULUS TRICHOCARPA . 2 0 RIBES SANGUINEUM 21 RUBUS LEUC00ERM1S 22 THUJA PLICATA BETULA PAPYRIFERA . SAMBUCUS RACEMOSA 23 VACCINIUM PARVIFOLIUM • • PSEUDOTSUGA M E N Z I E S I I (NAT.) ALNUS RUBRA 24 RUBUS L A C I N I A T U S PSEUDOTSUGA M E N Z I E S I I (ART.) S A L I X SCOULERI ANA 25 S A L I X LAS IANDRA  —— — — — — —  HS  RS  2.5 3.2 2.8 + .0 +.0 +.0  2- 5 5-6 3- 6 2-2 I1 •  1  -  1 • 1 . I 1 • 1 . 1 • I 1 • 1. • 1 •I 1 ft • • 1 •I • 1• 1 " I I • I . '• I 1  1  . . . . . .  I I I I I I  . . . . . .  . 1 5 . 1I . I . I . I . I . I . I . I . I . I . I  1 I I I I I  . I . I .  . . . . .  I I I I I  . . . . .  I I I I I  . . . . .  fti • I . I . ft i• I . I . f • I• I . I . 1 * ' i »I . I . 1• i• I . I . I • i• 1 • 1 1  1  12. • 1 4 . I I 1 6 . +1 5 . + | 1 3 . +1 6 . 1 1 12.+ 1 . 1 1 1.+1 . 1 . I ft +.+I  . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . | . | . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1  . . . . . .  1 18.8 1 12.5 | 12.5 1 6.3 1 6.3 1 6.3  15.1 16.1 16.1 1 6 . 1 1 3 . 1 1 5 . + 1 4 . 1 1 3 . + | 4 . 1 | + . + 1 3.116.1 1 6 . 1 1 4 . 1 1 4 . 1 l+.+l . 1 . 1 . 1 100.0 I • 1 . . 1 + .•1 3 . 1 1 5 . 5 1 2 . 1 1 6 . 1 1 2 . + | . I . 13.1 I 4 . U 4 . 1 1 6.1 5 . 1 1 . | . | . | 75.0 1 6.6 I • 1 . 1 + . +18. + I 7 . + I 6 . + I 7 . + I . I . I . 1 7.+1 7 . • I 5 . + I 9 . + 1 5 . + 6 . + I . l . | . |68.8 1 ft1 . 1 2 . • 1 . 1 3 . • I 4 . + I 4 . + 1 2 . + 1 . I + . + 1 2 . +E •1 . 12.1 1 4 . + +.+I . 1 . 1 . 1 62.5 1 • 1 • 1 . 1 3 . 1 1 . 1 3 . 1 1 . 1 2 . 1 1 . 1 . 1 • . +| • 1 3 . 1 1 . 1 2 . ++.+I . 1 . 1 . 1 43.8 1 • I.3+. + I + . + I . ' •1 •l+.+l . 1 1.+ 3 . 1 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 43.8 1 •1 •I1 . . I 1. + . •1 l. .1+3l. +31 I • . 1 2 . + 1 . • .+l + .1+ . 1 1 . + „ +.+I . 1 . 1 . 1 43.8 1 * 1• . 1 5 . 51 5 . 7 1 . | 5 . 5 4 . 5 I . I . 31.3 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 1 •1 . 1 . I + . +1 1 • 1 .1 .I . I . 12.113.1 I . I . I . 1 . 12.1 1 2 . 1 3 . 1 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 31.3 • • \ • I . I . I • . |6.+14.114.116.5 25.0 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 I . I . # I • 1 •1 •I . I . 1 . 1 5 . 5I . I . I . • | • . 1 . 9.8 S . 6 | . | . | . | 18.8 1• 1 . . 1 2 . • 2.+I . 1 . . . 1. • 1 •I . I . • .+ . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 18.8 • 1 ,• . 13.1 . 1 . 1 . •I . I . 5.1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 12.5 • 1 .. 1 . 1 . . 1 . 2.11 . 1 . f • 6.3 • • • 1 • I- . I . ft . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 1 • . 1. . 1. . 1 . 1 . 2.+ 6.3 • • . 1. ft . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 • . 1 . 1 . 6.3 1 ft • • • . 1 . 2.+ . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . . 1. 1• 6.3 • . . 1 . . 1 1.+ . 1 . 1 . . • • . 1 . • . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1  5.2 • - 6 4.8 +-6 6.0 +-9 2.8 +-4 1.8 +-3 1.6 •-3 1.1 • - 3 3.5 • - 5 1.5 2- 3 ^ 3 8 4 - 6On 4 . 5 5-9 ,(N> + . 5 +-2 2.2 3- 5 +.0 2-2 +.0 2-2 +.0 2-2 +.0 1-1  13.1 5 . 3 4 . 4 4 . 6 1 3 . 1 4 . 1 1 4 . 5 5 . 1 1 4 . 1 1 4 . 1 5 . 6 4 . 3 5 . 5 1 7 . 5 4 . 6 3.41 . 1 . 1 . 1 100.0 1 3 . 1 3 . 3 3 . 3 I . + 1 3 . 1 3 . 1 1 3 . 1 3 . 1 1 3 . 1 1 2 . 1 2.+ 3.+ 3 . I I 5 . 4 3 . 1 1 2 . 1 1 . l . | . 100.0 | 1 4 . 1 4 . 1 5 . 4 1 . 1 1 4 . 1 3 . 1 1 3 . 1 4 . 1 1 3 . 1 1 3 . 1 3.1 3 . 1 4 . 1 | . 3.11 4 . 1 1 . | . | . | 93.8 1 • 3.+ 2 . 1 4 . 1 1 1.+ 3 . + I 2 . + 3 . 1 1 3 . 1 1 2 . + 1.+ 3.+ 2 . + I 3 . 1 + .++.+I . 1 . 1 . 1 93.8 1 4 . 4 4 . 1 3 . 1 4 . 1 | 6 . 6 3 . 1 I 2 . + 2.+ | l . + | 2 .31. 4 4 . 1 . 12.+ 81.3 1 3 . 3 1- 1 3 . 4 l.+l3.3 . 1 4 . 5 5 . 6 1 3 . 1 1 4 . 3 2.1 6 . 6 . 1 . l . + l ' 1 '. 1 '. 1 . 1 75.0 1 . 3 . 5 1 1.1 3 . 1 1 3 . 3 3 . 3 1 4 . 1 1 4 . 3 2 . 3 6 . 6 4 . 4 1 1.1 1.11 . 1 . 1 . 1 75.0 . # 1 3 . • 3.1 2 . + 2 . + I 3 . 1 2 . + I 2 . +5 . + I 2 . + I 3 . + 2.+ 3 . + . 1 . 75.0 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 1 5 . 1 4.1 4 . 11 2 . + 1 3 . 1 5 . 1 I 2 . + 2 . + 1 2 . 1 1 . ft . 1 + . • + . + I 68.8 # 1 3 . + 3.+ 2 . 11 l.+l3.+ . 1 . 4.1 | 4 . 1 | 3 . 11 1.+ 3 . 1 1 . 68.8 • i•i•i! i 1 . i . i '. i . 13.1 2.1 3.3 . 12. II 2 . 1 1 2 . 1 1 3 . 1 1 2 . 1 1 3 . 1 | 2.1 2.11 . 68.8 " i 1 • + • +• 1 1. + I 2 . + + . + I l. 2.+ + l1 2 . 1 1 . | * + .+ l.+l3.1 2 . + I . I . I . I . I 68.8 1 4.+ 4 . + I • l + .++.+I3.+I 5.114.115.+ | 62. 5 1 . 1 l + .+ + . + I . . I . I . I . I 1 2 . + 4 . 1 2 . 1 . 1 2 . + 1 . 1 2 . + 13 . 1 1 . | 2 . + | - • 1. 2 . + I l . + l 1 13 . 1 1 . | . | . | 62.5 1 3 . + 1 2 . 1 1 . | 3.+ I3 . + I . 1 . 1 l . + l . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 62.5 1 l . + .l 1 . 1 1.+ 1 1.+ 2.+I4.+I 1 2 . + ! . l . +3.+I2.+I . 1 . 1 . 1 3.+ :3.+ 3 . * l + . + l ^ 1 56.3 l 3. + I . 1 15.1 4.1 1 . !4 . 1 1 4 . 1 1 4 . + I . 12.+I . 1 . 1 • i 3 . + 2I. 1 1 . I # j . 1 , 1 * 1 * 1 50.0 1 • 1 • l.+ 1 l . 1 . 12.+ | 1 . + I 2 . + I 2.+I . 12.11 . I I . I . I . I 50.0 + . +1l.+l . 1 1 i ^ 1 4 . + | 4. + I 3 . + 2I . + I . I +.+I . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 +.+I . 1 • I . I . I . I 37.5 13.11 2 . 1 1 3 . 1 1 . 1 . 1 2 . 1 1 . I . 1 2 . 1 1 . 1 • i l . + l • I . I # | • 1 . 1 . 1 * 1 37. 5 1 2 . 11 2 . 1 1 2 . + 3.11 I . 12 . 1 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 .i • l . l • | '. i ! i .' i ', i31.3  5.0 3-7 3.5 1-5 4.0 1 5 3.0 • 4 3.9 1-6 3.9.1-6 3.7 1- 6 3.1 2- 5 3.5 +-5 3.0 1- 4 2.4 2- 3 1.6 +-3 3.5 +-5 2.4 1-4 2.4 1-4 2.2 +-3 3.4 2-5 1.3 +-2 2 . 2 +-4 1.6 1-3 1.4 2 - 3  .  .  M  ^  ^  ^  #  .i  1  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT- TABLE - PART II - RELEVE TABLES COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE, DRY SUBZONE SWORDFERN - WESTERN REDCEDAR ASSOCIATION PLOT NUMBER ST NO.  PAGE  SPECIES  26 ACER MACROPHYLLUM RHAMNUS PURSHI ANA CORNUS NUTTALLI I 27 OPLOPANAX HORRIDUM 28 LONICERA INVOLUCRATA 29 PYRUS FUSCA 30 MENZIESIA FERRUGINEA . 31 ACTAEA RUBRA 32 ROSA GYMNOCARPA 33 HOLODISCUS DISCOLOR 34 POPULUS TREMULOIOES 35 POLYSTICHUM MUNITUM 36 EPILOBIUM AUGUSTIFOLIUM 37 ANAPHALIS MARGAR1TACEA TSUGA HETEROPHYLLA 3B PTERIOIUM AQUILINUM 39 BLECHNUM SPICANT 40 LUZULA PARVI FLORA 41 LACTUCA BIENNIS 42 ORYOPTERIS AUSTRIACA THUJA PLICATA 43 ATHYRIUM FI LIX-FEMINA. 44 RUBUS URSINUS 45 GALIUM TRIFLORUM . 46 HOLCUS LANATUS 47 TRIENTALIS LATIFOLIA 48 TIARELLA TRIFOLIATA 49 HYPOCHAERIS RADICATA 50 EPILOBIUM WATSONII 51 VIOLA SEMPERVIRENS PSEUDOTSUGA MENZIESII (NAT.) 52 CIRSIUM ARVENSE 53 SOLIDAGO CANADENSIS 54 JUNCUS EFFUSUS 55 AGROSTIS SCA8RA 56 EOUISETUM ARVENSE 57 CIRSIUM VULGARE 5B FESTUCA OCCIDENTALIS 59 LINNAEA BOREAL IS 60 CIRCAEA ALP INA 61 GALIUM TRIFIDIUM 62 SCIRPUS MICROCARPUS 63 DICENTRA FORMOSA 64 CAREX ROSSII 65 CORNUS CANADENSIS 66 CALAMAGROSTIS CANADENSIS 67 TRISETUM CERNUUM 6B CAREX DEWEYANA  I  10051030103110011 006 I 0231 0071 008 0271 0281C021024102510261 004 I 0291  m  • • •  «  | . 1.+ | . . 1.+ * I • + .• 1 • • .• • • 1 . 13.1 3.* 13.1 2.* |4.4 4.4 13.1 2.+ 12.1 3.1 1 2.+2.+ 13.+ 3.+ 12.+ 3.1 . 13.+ . j . 2.+ 12.• 2.1 j . • . 17.7 4.2 12. 13.3 | . 3.1 13.2 . 12.+ 4.+ 12.+ 2.+ I • 3.3 12.+ 1.+ 13.• 4.1 1 » 3.4 16.1 4.+ 13.5 4.1 15.5 . 14.1 + .• | . 3.+ • 1 . . 11.1 1 • • 15.4 2.+ 1 . 1 . 2.+ 1* . I . 2.1 1 * 2.+ I . .  3.1 4.* 2.+ 1.+ 3.3 3.5 2.+ 3.+ 3. 16.6 2.+ . 2.+ . 2.1 3.1 2.+ 1.+ 2.* 2.+ 2.+ 1.+ 1.+ 5.5 5.4 1.+ . 3.1 2.+ 3.1 1.1 3.1 3.+ 2.* . • 1.1 3.+ . 6.4 2.* 7.6 4.+ 1.1  l.l  •  •  • •  3-1  2.* 1.+  2.*  2.1 1.+ 2.1 3.3 •  2.1 2.1 4.1 2.+ •  2.+ 2.+ 2.1 4.1 • • •  •  4.3 «  3.+ 1.+ 3.4 2.+ 4.5 3.+ 3.+ 2.+  *  •  I+ .+ I 2.+ 2. + 2.+ • i.+ 2.+ 2.+ . 2.1 • 2.* • . . 1.+ • » 1.1 • +.• • 2.+ m  «  *  • • *  1.+ •  • •  •  •  •  •  •  1.1 • • •  3.1 •  2. 1  «  •  2.+ 4.+ 2.+ 2.1 3.3 3.+ 2.+ 1.+ 8.6 5.5 2.+ 6.1 2. 13.+ 2.+ . 1.+ 1.+ 2.+ 2.+ 1.+ 2.* 3.1 5.6 3.3 3.1 2.+ 4. 3 3.3 2.+ • • . 2.2 + .• 1.+ • 1.+ • 4.3 • • . 2.1 • 1.+  • •  »  •  • •  •  •  2.2  • 4.+ 2.+ 2.1 3.+ 6.6 2.+ 2.2 3.+ 3.+ 3.+  .  5.1 3.3 2.2 3.3 2.+ 2.+ 2.+ 2.2 . • 2.* •  •  • •  •  l.l 3.3 •  2.3  •  «  • •  3.3 3.4  • •  3.3  •  •  5.4 2.+ 3.+ 3.1 3.+ 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.4 2.1 2.+ 2.1 8.6 6.5 2.1 1.+ . 2.+ 2.+ 2.+ • 3.1 3.1 1.+ . . 2.+ 3.+ 2.+ . . 2.+ 1.+ 5.5 5.4 3.4 2.1 . 1.+ 4.3 4.3 2.3 3.1 4.1 . • . 1.1 2.+ 4. 1 • 2.1 1.1 1.+ 3. 12.2 2.1 . + .• • 1.+ 2.+ 1.+ 1.1 1.+ 3.3 . 1.+ * • 2.1 •  • •  3.1 2.+  2.1 «  •  * *  2.3 • • •  «  • • 3.+ 5. • 3 + 3.+ 4.1 3. 1 I • 2.1 2. 1 1 . 3 1 2.+ 5.4 9. 7 . 3.1 4 • 2.+ 1. 1 4 1 1.+ 1.+ 2.+ 2.+ 3 + 2 • 1.+ 1.+ 1. + 2,+ 1.+ 1.+ 2,+ 1.+ 5.1 4. 4 2 1 . • 3. 1 2 + « 2.* 1 + I 2.+ 2 1 2.+ 1 + 2.1 *  «  •  2 .2  •  1.1 •  3.3 2 .1 •  *  I.*  • • • • •  2.1 +  1.* • • • •  • •  2.1  • •  2.*  *  • •  • • •  I MS RS  SPECIES SIGNIF CANCE AND SOCIABILITY I.I | . 1 • | . 1* | .  2  •  1 . 1 25.0+ .9 •-2 1 . 1 18.8 + .6 1-2 1 . 1 12.5 + .4 2-2 1 . 1 12.5+ .1 1-2 1 . 1 12.5+ .0 •-1 1 . 1 12.5+ .0 l . l . 1 . 1 6.3 + .0 2-2 l . l . l.l 6.3 + .0 1-1 l . l . l.l 6.3 + .0 1-1 l . l . 1 . 1 6.3 + .0 +-+. l . l . l.l 6.3 + .0 +- + 4 + 1 . 1 . 1 . 1100.0 4.2 2-5 l . l . 1 . 1 93.83.0 1-4 l . l . 1 . 1 87.53.2 1-4 • .+ 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 87.52.5 +-3 | l . l . 1 . 1 81.35.8 2 + 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 81.33.4 2 • l . l . 1 . 1 81.32.8 1-4 1. + 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 81.32.5 1-3 2 + 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 81.32.3 1-3 l . l . 1 . 1 81.32.2 1-3 2 + 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 81.31.8 1-2 l . l . 1 . 1 75.04.5 1-5 I + 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 68.84.0 1-7 l . l . 1 . I 68.8 2.7 1-4 1 + 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 68.82.7 1-4 l . l . 1 . I 68.8 2.5 1-4 l . l . 1 . 1 56.33.0 2-4 l . l . 1 . 1 56.31.5 1-2 l . l . l . l 50.0 1.9 1-3 l . l . 1 . 1 50.01.2 +-3 • l . l . 1 . 1 43.82.0. 1-4 l . l . 1 . 1 43.81.5 1-3 l . l . 1 . 1 37.54.0 1-6 • l . l . 1 . 1 37.52.0 2-4 > 1 .1 . 1 . 1 31.33.5 1-7 1 • 1 1 . 1 25.01.9 • -4 • 1*1 1 . 1 25.01.3 1-3 > 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 25.01.3 1-3 • + 1.1 1 . 1 25.0+ .7 +-2 1.11 . 1 1 . I 25.0 + .6 1-2 • l.l 1 . 1 18.8 2.5 2-5 4.31 . 1 1 . 1 18.8 1.4 1-4 • l.l 1 . 1 18.8 1.3 2-3 • l.l 1 . 1 18.8 1.3 2-3 • l . l 1 . 1 18.8 1.1 2-3 • l . l • l . l 18.6 + .92-2 1. +1 . 1 I . 1 18.8 + .1 l-l l l l l l l  . . . . . .  l l l l l l  . . . . * .  '  PAGE  I 0051 03010311 001|C0610231 00710081 0271 0281 0021024102510261 00410291  PLOT NUMBER ST NO.  SPECIES  69.SENECI0 SYLVATICUS 70 CAREX hENOERSON11 71 VERONICA AMERICANA 72 DIGITALIS PURPUREA 73 AGROSTIS EXARATA 74 CAREX INTERIOR 75 EOUISETUH PALUSTRE 76 PHALARIS ARUNDINACEA 77 RUMEX ACETOSELLA 7B TRILLIUM OVATUM 79 LYCOPODIUM CLAVATUM 80 CAREX AQUATILIS 81 GEUM MACROPHYLLUM 82 ACHLYS TRIPHYLLA 83 CREPIS CAPILLARIS 84 DANTHONIA SPICATA 85 JUNCUS ENSIFOLIUS 86 JUNCUS TENUIS 87 OENANTHE SARMENTOSA 88 POA PALUSTR1S .89 SCIRPUS CYPER1NUS 90 VIOLA TRICOLOR 91 CAREX MERTENS11 92 ERIGERON ANNUUS 93 LUZULA CAMPESTRIS 94 VERONICA SERPYLLI FOLIA 95 LYSICHITUM AMER IC ANUM 96 MONTIA SIBIRICA OH 97 EURHYNCHIUM OREGANUM 98 EURHYNCHIUM PRAELONGUM 99 PLAGIOMNIUM INSIGNE 100 RHYTIDIADELPHUS LOREUS 101 LEUCOLEPIS MENZIESII 102 CLAOPODIUM CRISPIFOLIUM 103 HYLOCOMIUM SPL END ENS. 104 ISOTHECIUM STOLON IFERUH 105 RHIZOMNIUM GL ABRE SCENS 106 ISOPTERYGIUM ELEGANS ' ' 107 MNIUM SPINULOSUM DM 108 POLYTRI CHUM JUNIPERINUM 109 CERATODON PURPUREUS UO MNIUM LYCOPODIOIDES 111 POGONATUM CONTORT UM EURHYNCHIUM PRAELONGUM 112 POGONATUM ALP INUM 113 DITRICHUM HETEROMALLUM  II  I  SPECIES SIGNIFICANCE AND SOCIABILITY  21 I 1+  .  .13. 3 4 13 3 1 .2 14. 3 2 12 1 3 | ,  1 .  2.112 2 1.2 13.213.3 . 13 3. . 11. 11 . « 1 . . 1 . 1.111. 1 1.11 . • 1 . . 1 .j . . 1 . . 1 . . li.1 . 1 . • I . . 11. 11 . • 1 < . 1 .j . • I . . 1 . • 1 . . 1 .  3 7. 4 4. 4 4 3 5. 4 2. 2 2 2 2 1 3. 2 2 3.2 4. 3 2 22 3 2. 2 1, 1 2. 2  3.414 414. 3 . 12 21 . . 12 212 2 3.31 13. 3 . 11 111. . 1 . 1 31 . 1 .1 .  P  MS RS  18.8 • .1 1-1 12.5 + .8 1-3 12.5 + .8 1-3 12.5 + .4 2-2 12.5 + .1 1-2 12.5 + .1 1-2 12.5 + .1 1-2 • 12.5 + . 11-2 12.5 + .1 1-2 12.5 + .0 +-2 12.5 + .0 1-1 6.3 + .5 3-3 6.3 + .53-3 6.3 + .0 2-2 6.3 + .0 2-2 6.3 + .0 2-2 6.3 + .0 2-2 6.3 • .0 2-2 6.3 • .0 2-2 6.3 + .0 2-2 6.3 + .0 2-2 6.3 + .0 2-2 6.3 + .0 l-l 6.3 + .0 l-l 6.3 + .0 l - l 6.3 + .0 1-1 6.3 + .0 6.3 + .0  12 I 31  1 . 1 . 1 1.2| . 1 . 11.11 . 1 2 .2 I.I.I.I 22 I.I.I.I I.I.I.I I.I.I.I 12 I.I.I.I. I.I.I.I 12 1 . 1 . 1 . 13 3 1 • 1 . 1 • 12. 2 I.I.I.I 12  3  . 12.112.113.31 4.31 . 1 . 1 . 1.21 . 1 . 12.213 2 I.I.I.I 1.21 . 1 . 1 . 12.3 6 51 . 1 . 1 . • I.I.I.I I . i . i . i . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 2 2 2 21 . 1- . 1 . . 1 . 1 . 1 . 12. 2 I.I.I.I . 1 . 11.11 . 1 I.I.I.I • I.I.I.I i . i . i . i • I.I.I.I. i . i . i . i . i . i . i . i i . i . i . i • i. i. i. i i . i . i . i  62.5 1 43.8 1 25.0 18.8 112.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 6.3 6.3 6.3  2.4 1-4 1.6 1-3 2.8 1-6 + .1 l-l + .4 2-2 + .1 1-2 + .0 1-1 + .0 l - l + .5 3-3 + .0 2-2 + .0 1-1  87.5 50.0 43.8 43.8 43.8 18.8 6.3  5.3 3-8 2.0 2-3 2.5 2-4 2.2 2-4 1.4 1-3 1.1 2-3 + .0 2-2  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT-TABLE - PART I I - RELEVE TABLES COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE, DRY SUBZONE SWORDFERN - WESTERN REDCEDAR ASSOCIATION I 0051 03010311 0011C06I 0231 0071 008 102710281 002102410251 0261 0041 0291  PLOT NUMBER ST NO.  114 115 116 117 OW  118 119  SPECIES  I  I  ! .  HYLOCOMIUM SPLENDENS PLAGIOTHECIUM' UNDULATUM EURHYNCHIUM OREGANUM RHYTIDIADELPHUS LOREUS  EXECUTION TERMINATED  1 .1 1. 1 12.21 1 I.11 1 . 1 1 . 1 •- 1 . 1 1 . 1 l - l 1. 1 1 . 1 l . l 1. 1 1 . 1 1 . 1  12.31 1 . 1 1 . 1 j.j 1 . 1 j . j m  #  •  I . I . I . I . 1. I . I . I . I . 1. I . I . I . I . 1. I . I . I . I . 1 . 11.21 . 1 . 1 1. I . I . I . I . 1. I . I . I . I . 1. I . I . 12.213. 313.2 I . I . 11.211 l l . 1 . 1 . 1 . 12 31 . 1 . 1 . 1 • 12 11 .  4  I  SPECIES SIGNIFICANCE AND S O C I A B I L I T Y  OLIGOTRICHUM ALIGERUM PLAGI OMNIUM INSIGNE POL YTRI CHUM COMMUNE DICRANELLA HETEROMALLA LEPTOBRYUM PYRI FORME LEUCOLEPIS MENZIESI I POHLIA NUTANS  SSIGNOFF  PAGE  .1.1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . . 1 . 1 . 1 . 12.11 . 1 . 1 . 1 .1 . .1.1 . 1 . .1.1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . .1.1 . 1 . . 1 . 1 . 1 . 11.11 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . . 11.11 . ! .. 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 . 1. 1 . 1 1 . 2.21 . 1. j 3.31 . 1 . 1 . 1 . . . 1 . 1 . 11.11 . 1 . II.11 . 1. 1 . .1 . 1• 1 * 1 • 1 • 1 • I • 1. 1 . .1.1 • I«|«|»|>|«l . 1 .  P  MS  RS  6.3 • .0 2-2 6.3 • .0 2-2 6.3 + .0 2-2 6.3 • .0 l - l 6.3 + .0 1-1 6.3 + .0 l - l 6.3 + .0 1-1 31.3 1.7 2-3 25.0 + .3 l - l 6.3 + .0 2-2 6.3 + .0 2-2  156  PART I I I .  Tree and Stand  Description  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT.TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SWORDFERN - WESTERN REDCEDAR PLOT NO.:  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  1  ISPECIES  1 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 I •7 1  1 WESTERN HEMLOCK 1 WESTERN REDCEDAR . INATURAL DCUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALOER IWILLOW SPP. 1 BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 1260 8101 I 2001 1 2101 501 1 nol 1201 801 | 1. 1 1 | 1 501 401 j 1 1 1 1 701 201 2301 1 1 901 1001 1 301 50| 901 1 1 201 1601 1 1 . 1 j | 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  401  |  101  | j |  j j  201  201  I  |  |  201  |  | .|  |  10| 101 |  |  |  I  j  j  | | |  |  |  |  I  101  1  1301 I 1 | 1001 301 1 401 701 60! 201 201 2901 1601 2901 100| 9C| j | j j I |  1 10 I 101 401 701  81  9 1 10 1 11 1 12 1 13 I 14 ! 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  | | 501 | | | | 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 j 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 301 101 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 201 101 101 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1 501 401 401 2CI 1301 301 801 501 201 101 501  1 1  1 1  1  1 1 1 1  .  1 1 1  1  I  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS I 1730 112001 8601 6201 290| 3901 1701 2001 1001  601 1001 201 1301 301  801  501 201  101 501 On  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23  I WESTERN HEMLOCK I WEST ERN REOCEDAR I NATURAL DUUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH I VINE MAPLE ICASCARA IDITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWCOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILOOGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  20  10  201  101  24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I 23901 2601 3501 I 1201 I 4501 3201 4201 11501 I I 6801  I 61401  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART I I I - STANO AND TREE COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - ORY SUBZONE - U . O . C . R . F . FOREST A S S O C I A T I O N : S W O R D F E R N -•WESTERN REDCEDAR  DESCRIPTION  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT NO.: ISPECIES  I  0  I  I WESTERN HEMLOCK (WESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA I B I T T E R CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALDER I WILLOW S P P . I B I G - L E A F MAPLE I P A C I F I C DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE I P A C I F I C SILVER FIR I S I T K A SPRUCE  1  601  I  I  2 1  3  A  I  5 1 6  1  7 1  8 |  9 | 10  401  I 11 I 12 I 13 I  I  101  301  301  401  401  201  | j  301  |  INO. OF TREES/HT. C L A S S I1  1  601 1101 60  401  10|  301  101  801  601  j  101 501  101  301  101  101  |  201 201 1601 120 1 1601 101  901  . J 1801  901  10|  1401 1401  |  j  140| 1601 1701  901  301  1601  I  15  I  16  I  I  17  !  101  19  j  j  ]  101 201  18 I  10 1  501  101 . 501  701  101  601  401  101  101  201  101  301 1201  201  1101  701  201  101  30 1  101  301 . 3CI  1701 2501  14  On OO NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES 1 WESTERN HEMLOCK (WESTERN REDCEDAR 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH I V I N E MAPLE ICASCARA I B I T T E R CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD 1 RED ALDER 1 WILLOW S P P . 1 B I G - L E A F MAPLE I P A C I F I C DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILCDGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR I S I T K A SPRUCE  I 20 I 21 I 22 I  I  I 1 1 I 1 1 I I I | 1 1 I I  INO. OF TREES/HT. C L A S S I  1 1 1  1  1 1 I  1 1  I I  1  I I  I  |  1 601  I  I TOTAL I  1  1 1101 1 1 1 1201 1 1 2201  1  1 1 1  1 1  1 I  I I  I  I I  I 1  I  I I I I  I 1  I  1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I  I I  1  1 1 I  1 1 1  1  1  1 1  I  I I  1  I  I I |  |  I  I 1  1  I I  301 1 1 1 I I j I 301 1 I 1 I  I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 | 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 | 36 I 37 | 38 I 39  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 j 1.1 1 1 1 j 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I  1 1 1 1 1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1  1  1 I  I 1  1.1  1 1  1 1 1  1  I I  1  I  I I I  1  I I  I I 1 1 1  I  I I I  I I  I I  1 1  1 j  1  1  I I  1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ' 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  1  1 1 1  1 1 1 1  1 |  | I  1 1  1 I  1  1 I I  1  |  1 1 1 1 1 1 •1 1 1. 1 1 1 1  1  1  1  1 I I 1  1 1 1 .1 I I 1 1 1  I I  1 1  I  I  1 401 1 401 1 901 1 10901 1 1 1 1 3501 1 1 1 1 1 1 20601  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT- TABLE - PART II! - STANO AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE — DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK PLOT NO.: ISPECIES  1 01 11 21 31  NC. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS 4 1 5 1 6 1 7 1 8 1 9 1 10 1 11 1 12 1 13 1 14 1 15 1 16 1 17 1 18 1 19 1  7901 3901 4201 2801 4001 1801 1401 280) 801 101 101 I I 1 1301 501 201 101 I 1 1 1 1 201 1 I I 101 1001 401 501 701 301 20| 401 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 301 100 t 601 401 401 101 101 501 401 101 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 501 1201 901 601 50| 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS 11660 1143018201 6801 4701 5201 2101 2001  1 WESTERN HEMLOCK 1 WESTERN REDCEDAR 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH 1 VINE MAPLE ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 B10I 1 6901 1 101 1 1 1 901 1 1 1 201 1 1 1 1 1 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  401 201 1 1 101 1 1  1  101 201 1  1  1 1 1 I 1001  401 201 1 201 1 1 1 1 1 101 1 1 1 1 401 1 1 I 10| 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 201 4C| 801  1 1 1 1 1 I  1  l  1 1 1 1 1  1  1 1  .  I I I 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 101 1 1 l I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 101  I I 1 1 I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1  1  1 I I  1  I I 1  1  1  1  1 1 1  1 1  1 1  1  1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  1  1  1 1 I I 1  1  1 1 1 1 1  1  1  1  1  1  1 1  1 1  1  1  1  1  I I  1 1 1 1 On  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES I WESTERN HEMLOCK I WESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH I VINE MAPLE ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 | 26 I 27 | 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  10  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS I 101  35101 11101 2201 401 4901 I 3301 1001 201 4301 I I  62501  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STANO ANO TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATIONS SWORDFERN - WESTERN REDCEDAR PLOT NO.:' 4  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HE IGHT CLASS  ISPECIES  I 0 | I I 21 31 41 51 6 I 7 I  1 WESTERN HEMLOCK 1 WESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 PAPER BIRCH IVINE HAPLE ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD 1 RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. 1 BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR 1 LODGE POLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 1001 1 50 1 201 | j | | | 1 j | | 1 1 | |  |  |  1  |  1 j j |  1 101 j | 1 1 1 1 1 201 1 1 |  |  | |  | |  j  j  j  1 j  1 j  j  j |  1  1  | j j j 1 1 I I  |  j  1  |  I  I  |  |  | | |  |  | | |  |  j | |  1  |  || |  I  I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 1501 201  |  1 I  I  |  j 301  1 j j  1 | j  | |  | |  j j 1 1 1 101 | j j | 1 1 j | 1  |  1 1 1  |  j | 1 101  |  I  |  1 I 1 j 1 1 '1 I I I I 1 I  81 9 | 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I , | 1 1 1 | 1 101 I | | 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I j 1 1 1 1 1 1 | I | 1 1 1 1 1 1 | 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 j 1 I 1 101 1 1 1 1 1 I | 1 1 1 1 101 1 j 1 101 1 1 1 1 1 201 10| 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 201 1 1 1 401 101 101 301 901 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 | 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 101 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 70| 101 101 401 1101 101 301  17 I 18 I 19 I |  |  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 101. 1 1 1 301 60 1 301 1 1 1 1 301 201 1 1 1 1 1 1 701 801 30 1 O  NC. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES I WEST E RN HEMLOCK I WESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY IBLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DCUGL AS-FIR I LODGE POLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 j 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  | | j j i i | 1 101 101 101 j i | | 10 1 i 201 j 101 i i | | 10| 201 201 1 i 701 301 401 501 301 101 301 501  |  i  301  301  j  !  101  |  |  |  |  |  |  I I | 101 1C| I I I | 101 1CI | | 101 j I I I | 301 301 101 30 1 101 401 301 10| 201 4C| 301 301 201 201 |  |  201  201 201  ICI  201  401  201  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 1101 401 801 80| 4C| 401 5C| 601 601 801 701 7C| 801 401 60| 301 601  I !  1 101 1 801 1 1201 1 2201 1 8301 1 1 1 1 1 2601 1 1 1 1  I 101  I 17301  |  |  1 | I I 1 101 |  !  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT. TABLE C O A S T A L WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE FOREST ASSOCIATION: S W O R D F E R N PLOT  PART I I I- STAND ANO TREE DRY S U B Z O N E - U . B . C . R . F . - WESTERN REDCECAR NO.  NO.:  OF  DESCRIPTION  TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  _  " o ' " " " " ~ Y ~ \ ~ ' V ~ \ ~ ~ ~ " ~ V " ' l I 7 1 B I 9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 1 9I I IWESTERN HEMLOCK 1 WEST ERN REDCEDAR 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH 1 V I NE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. 1 BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD  1 3501 1 1  1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1  I  1 501 201 1  I 1 1  I 701 101 1 1  I 1 1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  |  |  |  |  1 1 1  1 1  1  1  1 1 1  1 1  1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 201 901 101 7701 4101 301 1 1 1 1 220 1 390 1 7901 4601 401 501 601 501 601 501 1 1 1 1 1460 123301 20801 10501 30| 101 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 PLANT ED DCUGLAS-FIR 1 1 901 1901 901 101 1 1 1 1 1 1 ILODGEPOLE PINE 1 1 l . l 1 1 1 IPACIFIC SILVER F I R 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ISITKA SPRUCE I I 1 1 1 1 1 I NO. O F TREES/HT. CLASS 1 251014 16013160112101901 701 501 601 501 201 1  1 1 1  1  1  1.  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  <  '' ' 'I  ! ' I  , !  !  ,  !  I j  I !  i  I I I i  I  ' ' 'I  I  1  201  ! j  1  '  1  '  I  1  1  1  '  l  1  ]  1  1  I  I! 1  ]  1  i  1  1  I  1  1  1  II  j  i  ]  j 1  1  I  '  1 ,  201  1  I  '  I  1 l 1  i  1  1  1  i 1 I—>. ON  NO.  TSPECIEI  "Yo'VTl'TTfTTi"^  '\ 25  OF T R E E S / A C R E / H E I G H T  CLASS  I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 39I  ITOTAL I  3501 I 701 I 1001  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR  I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR  IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALOER IWILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD  I  1201 14301 19701 69601 3801  I PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR  I LODGE POLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER F I R ISITKA SPRUCE  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  '  I  1113801  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STANO AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION! S W O R D F E R N - WESTERN REDCEDAR NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT NO.: ISPECIES  1  01  1  12 1  31  51  41  61  71  8 1 9 1 10 1  11  112 1 13 I 14 1 15 1 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 1 1 1 1 1 1  | | 1 1 1 1 1 101 1 1 WESTERN HEMLOCK 12201 101 • 1 WESTERN REDCEDAR 1 1B0I 1 1 1 1 1 101 1 1 1 1 1 c' 1 INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 80 1 201 301 101 1 301 1 1 1 1 1 PAPER BIRCH 1 I 1 101 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 IVINE MAPLE 1 1 101 601 601 1 1 1 1 101 101 101 j 1 1 1 1 1 ICASCARA 1 1 1 1 1 1 101 | 1 1 1 IBITTER CHERRY .1 201 1001 901 301 1 1 101 101 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD 1 101 501 401 901 1301 701 101 101 201 201 1 1 I RED ALDER 1 1 401 501 401 501 30| 401 201 1 201 201 1CI 601 301 201 401 10 IWILLOW SPP. 1 1 2101 1601 2601 2601 3901 4501 2201 2801 200 12101 301 ] [ 1 IEIG-LEAF MAPLE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 50 1 1 101 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 401 5CI 301 701 701 601 70 ILODGEPOLE PINE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ' IPACIFIC SILVER FIR 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ISITKA SPRUCE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1— — — 1— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — ^ . - .-fTT — 2701 3101 2401 2/01 s c 100 [ 1101 901 1001 80| 701 1 NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSIV) 0 13faC I 4501 5501 480| 53 C1 5 2 C | L  50  10  501 101 ON  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  T2o"~21~T~22~"23~7 24 I 25 126 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I  I WESTERN HEMLOCK I WEST ERN REOCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER I WILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  20 10 10  601 201  101  101  39 |TOTALI 2401 1801 ISOI 101 1601 I 2501 4701 3501 28401 I I 5901  20 40  t-o  _  I  52701  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SWORDFERN - WESTERN REDCEDAR PLOT NC.:  7  NC. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES  I  0 I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE *APLE ICASCARA 1 B ITT E R CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. 1 BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PL ANT tD DOUGLAS-FIR ILCOGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 401 501 1 50| 101 | | | |  | | | |  1  1  |  |  |  j  |  |  1 j  1 j  | 1  j j  | |  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  | |  901  1 I  2 1  3 1  4 I  5|  6 1  | 10| 101 j | | 1 | 201 201 601 60 120 101 301 101 20| 70 140 | | | 101 | 101 | 101 10 | | j 10| 10 | | 1 j | 301 101 101 20 | | j 1 | j j 1 | | j 1 | j j 1 j j j 1 1 I I I  7 I  6 I  9 | 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I  17 I IB  I 19 |  201 | |  701 1201  80 180 30  | 2CI 101 101 601 601 1801 901 401 701 50 1 2CI | 1CI I 1 | 201 101 101 101 101 10 I 2C| 1 101 1 301 201 401 70| 2CI 1 1 ! 11 j 11  10 1 | 1201 201 101 40 | | 101 1  | |  10  30  |  101 201 201 101 10| 10 101 301 301 20 901 701 701 80 1  1 1 101 401  30  10  10 50  30  10  20  20  40  30  30  I  60| 1101 1601 2701 2901 1501 2101 3501 19CI 2701 1401 1801 1801 1101 80 1 401 601 NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES IWESTERN HEMLOCK (WESTERN REOCEOAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH I VINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOO I PL AN T ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  10 70  10  20  40  30  20  I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 1201 401 401  10  20 20  10  10  10  1201 701 501 9801 6501 201 100! 1701 1901 7601  10  '  10  20  30  30  101  30| 40| 40| 301  4101  10  101  I I  101  I  1CI  101  |  |  |  |  |  |  | 35201  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT- TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: S W O R D F E R N - WESTERN REDCEDAR NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT NO.: 8 ISPECIES 1 WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH 1 VINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IREO ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IEIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR I SITKA SPRUCE  1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 1 7 1 8 1 9 1 10 I 11 1 12 1 13 1 14 1 15 1 16 1 17 18 1 19 I | | | | | | | | | io r i 1 201 1 5201 2601 601 301 1 1 0 I  1 920 11101 1 1 1 1 501 801 2701 401 1201 1 101 101 101 1 901 1701 1301 101 20| 1 201 1 101 201 101 101 101  1 j | 1 3801 4101 701 801 101 10| 1201 601 101 j 1 101 | 1 1 j 201 1  j . 1 | 1 2401 4101 301 201 | 201 4CI 701 101 1 j 101 | 201 j 1  j  |  1  . |  |  I  19CI 1201 701 601 101 401 10 1 101 | 101 I | 301 101 10| I j | | 101 I 1 I I 1 I 1 10 1 1 1  1  1 I 1CI 1 101 1C I 1 1 1 1 101  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 101 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 101 I I 1 1 1 1 101 201 101 201 201 101 I 1 I 1 1 1 201 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 101 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I  INC. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI1590I 7101 6601 6401 5701 3201 550| 2501 190| 801 701 4C| 601 401  101 . 20| 201  I  201 ON  NC. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES I WESTERN HEMLOCK (WESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY' I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER I WILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 | 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 ITOTALI 9001 10301'  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  I  23001 4 301 901 7401 601 1201 601 '301 801 I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I 58401  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT. TABLE - PART 111 - STANO AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK , PLOT NO.: ISPECIES I WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE. PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR I SITKA SPRUCE  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS 1 01  11  2 1 31  4 1 5 1 6 1  110501 7001 5501 4501 3901 1901 901 201 1 301 201 101 401 60 | 1 1 1 101 1 •; i 1 101 • 1 I 1 101 . 1 1 1 1 601 2101 1301  1  !i j I1  200 230 10  50  7  60  I  8 I  ioo  9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 | 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I 20  60  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 14801 9701 8701 6501 6201 2601 2701  50  10  10  10  10  10  30  40  10  10 40  10  30  701 1501 301 901  10 10  501 701 101  10  I  101  101  I  101 CT  on  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 | 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 | 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALOER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE I PACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT£D DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  201  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  301  101 10|  39601 6901 1801 201 101 I 101 I 401 76QI  101  56701  10  101  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FORESTiASSOCIATION: SALAL - DOUGLAS-FIR PLOT NO.: 10 1 SPEC!ES  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS 1 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 1 7 1 8 1 9 110 I 11 I 12 I13 I 14 I15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK 1 43012801 1801 IWESTERN REDCEDAR 1 BOI 401 201 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 40 1 20| 301 | 1 PAPER BIRCH 1 1 j 1 VINE MAPLE 1 1 j j | | 401 101 ICASCARA 1 | | | | IBITTER CHERRY ! | | | 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD j | | I I IRED ALDER | | 101 601 IWILLOW SPP. | | | | 1 BIG-LEAF MAPLE | | | | IPACIFIC DOGWOOD | (PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR | j j | ILODGEPOLE PINE 1 1 j | | IPACIFIC SILVER FIR j j ISITKA SPRUCE 1 1 1 1 INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 5501 3901 3001  1101 1701 1901 | j 10| 301 j 101 j 101 | 1 j | 1 1 | | 1 | 1 j 1 j j 501 201 101 | . | 1 1 | | 1 j ': j 1 j .j j 1 1 1 1801 2201 2101  401 501 40| 201 301 101 301 301 10| 1 | | 101 j 1 | 101 j j | | | j j | | | | 1 | | j I | | | j 1 j j j j 1 | | j 101 I | | | 1 I | | | | 1 | | j j 1 | j j j 1 | | | j j 1 1 1 1 1 7C| 801 801 301 30 1  5CI 301201 201 301 101 401 201 1 1201 1 1 I I 1 10 1 1 1 101 1 1 1 1 I | | 1 1 1 1 1 | | | | 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I | | I I 1 1 1 1 1 | | I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 | | 1 1 1 I I I 1 | | I I 1 1 1 1 1 | | 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I | | 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 501 601 201 301 301 101 401 20 1 I |  1  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ' !f fL S  CI  I WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR I LODGE POLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 | 27 |. 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I 1760 250 150 30  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  50 160  I  |  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I 24001  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - ORY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SALAL - DOUGLAS-FIR PLOT NC.: 11  NG. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  0 1 112 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 1 14 1 15 II 19 I 482011760159CI 230|11101 40) 301 101 101 1 1 201 1 201 301 101 48 8 01 1 2 12 50 01 0 1 101 101 1 1 11 110011 11 11 11 10 12 2 1 1 0 1 3 0 1 2 0 | 1 0 1 I I 1 1 201 101 101 I I II ! 1 i I I 10| 801501 201 101 1 ! i l l ! 1  ISPECIES IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  2701 3101 110 I I  10  10  10  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS I 5870 125301 880| 3101 130| 601 501 30| 301  10  I  101 2C| 20| 201  301 101  as NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES.  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 | 25 | 26 I 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I .38 I 39 | TOTAL I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK I WESTERN REOCEOAR INATURAL DCUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH I VINE MAPLE . ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY. I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. I B IG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  10 1 101  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  101  101  77001 6801 6701 701 I I 1701 I 201 7101  |  I I I  I I I  I  I  I  I  I I  I I  I  I  1100201  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT. TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U . B . C . R . F . FOREST ASSOCIATIONS SALAL - DOUGLAS-FIR PLOT NO.s  12  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  3 1« ! 5 16 17 1 B 1 4601 2201 1401 501 1301 401 501 20 1601 1101 301 201 301 301 101 501 501 60| 5CI 1 101 101 201 I 101 101 101 1 1CI I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 301 401 201 101 101 101 101 101 201 201i 1 30| 101 I | | 1 1 1 1 1 ' I 1101 201 30 12CI 1801 50) 1001 1001 i I 1 | 1 1 1 1 201 1 101 i 201 1 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 ' : 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 5401 3701 2101 4101 1601 120|  ISPECIES I WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEOAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH I VINE MAPLE ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOO I RED ALDER . IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  750 370 30  50  10 20 10  30  IC  50 10  60  10  30  2C  20  601  101 601 301 201 401  40  10 10  201 00  NC. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES  I  1 WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE 1CASCAKA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR 1 LODGE POL E PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 101 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1.1 1 1 1 j I I I I 1 1 1.1 1 I I 1  1 1 I 1 1 1  I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  I 21 I 22 I  20  y  i  I  I I 1  I I 1  101  I I I I I I  23  I  24  1 101 I I 1 1 1 I I | j  |  I 1.1 1 j I I I I I  1 1  I I I I  25  I 1 I  26 | 27  28  I  29  I  I  I 1  | 1 I 1 1  | | j 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1.1 I  1 1 I  1 1 1  1 1 1  1.1. 1 1  I  I  I  I  j  I  I  I I  j  j  I 1 j  I  1 1 1  I  j j |  j  I  j  j  |  |  I I  I  I  30  | 1 I I 1  j  I 1 I 1  I  1 1 1 1 I I  j  101  I  1 1 1 I I  1 1 1.1  I I 1 I  I . I  I  I I I I  31  I  1 I  1 j  j 1  1 I  I  I  I  I  33  1 I 1 1 I I  1  1 1 I I  I I j  |  32  | 1 1  I I I I  1  1 I  I  I 1 I I  | I I  1 1 I  I I I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I I  I  I  I  34  I I 1 1 1 1  35  I I  I  36  I 37 I  1.1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I  1  1  I I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I . I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1' 1 1.1 I I I I I  I  I  I  I  38  1 1 1 I I  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I  I  39  1 1 1 1 1 I I  I TOTAL I 1 24101 1 8901 1 2901 1 401 1 1 I I  1 1 1 1 1 I 1  1301 1 1001 1 1 8401 I I 1 501 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I  I  I 47501  1  I I  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT.TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SALAL - DOUGLAS-FIR NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 1 7 1 8 1 9 110 1 a i 12 113 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I 20 1520 10801 4201 2601 2101 2201 4801 1901 1401 100| 2801 601 2101 130 1301 170 80 40 4 30 1301 301 101 101 401 20| 501 501 201 101 2CI 101 10 130 3001 1401 1001 801 601 30 1 101 1 1 . 101 701 401 501 301 201 20 1 101 201 101 1 1CI 1 1i 1 1 10| [ j i 1 1 1 1 .j ! | | 101 1 1 1 1 10| 190 3901 901 401 20| ! ! i  PLOT NO.: 13 ISPECIES IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DCUGLAS-FIR ILOOGEPOLE PINE I PACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1  ••;  1  1  I INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS 122701 19701 7201 4601 3501 3601 560| 2601 2101 1301 290| 90| 2301 1401 1301 1701 801 401  I 201 0\ VO  ISPECIES IWESTERN HEMLOCK I WESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILOOGEPOLE PINE I PACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  NC. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 1 TOTAL I 57401 8401 8601 2801 101  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  I  101 7401  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  II  I  I  I 84801  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SALAL- DOUGLAS-FIR PLOT NO.  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  14  61  71  81  9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 | 18 I 19 I  160 310  70  50  20  ISPECIES  1 01 11 21 3 1 4 | 5 |  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA • IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD •' IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIF IC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE . IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 7801 4101 5101 3601 260 1 270 1 401 j 10 1 200 11601 3101 1401 30 | | 1 1 401 1 1 201 301 101 20 I 1601 130 I  10  10  10  5C  70  20  20  10 20  20  10  20  30  20  30  10  2C  I  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI1250I 830| 9801 5301 3501 1701 3201 90!  701 40| 701 701 701 201 201 O  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 | 26 | 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR •. INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOO I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR . I SITKA SPRUCE I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  3130 320 850 . 60 140  10  390  101  I I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I I  I  I I  I  I *890|  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STANO AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK' ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: S A L A L - D O U G L A S - F I R PLOT NO.: 15  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES  10 1  21  3 1 41  1 WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IREO ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 2501 3701 2401 1 120 11901 1001 1 101 101 201 | | 1 301 | j 101 201 1 201 101 301 1 101 401 ' 901  2501 2501 1101 501 | 101 101 201 1 201 | 301 701 40|  11  101  I  I  I  I  71  8 1 9 1 10 1 11 112 I 13 1 14 I 15 1 16 1 17 I 18 1 19 I  601 ICO I 4CI 101 1 10| j 1 I | 401 | 101 201 j | 20| 201 1 1 401  1 101 301 101 301 201 50| 501 701 301 101 101 I I I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 101 201 j I 10 1 101 1 101 I I 1 1 | I I 101 1 101 1 1 101 . 1 1 1 | j 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 101 j 101 1CI 101 1CI 1 1 1 1 1 1 101 401 ' 101 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 I I  51 61  10  20  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 4101 6301 540| 4801 4C0| 1001 2201 501 601  10  801 701 8C| 1001 601  101 201  101  101301  101  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 |TOTAL|  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER 8IRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IEIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR I LODGE POL E PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  20  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  201  101 20  10|  19501 5901 1101 1301 801 180 I 3501  10  I I  501  101 201 •  I  I. 10)  101  I  I  1  1  1  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I 34401  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART III - STAND-!AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U,>.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SALAL'- DOUGLAS-FIR :NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT. NO.: 16 ISPECIES  I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY . IRLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF HAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR I SITKA SPRUCE  OI 440 400  11  21  3141  160 280 160 40 40  240 40  51 160 80 40  160  61 16C  80  I  71  9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19  80 120 80 120  80 40  120  120  40 40  40  80  40  80  80  401  801 eel  40  I 1201 801 40| 801  |N0. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 8401 3201 3601 2801 1601 2801 2401 1201 200| 2401 1201  I  NC. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK | (WESTERN REDCEDAR I INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 IPAPER BIRCH 1 IVINE MAPLE 1 ICASCARA I IBITTER CHERRY 1 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD 1 1 RED ALDER 1 IWILLOW SPP. I IBIG-LEAF MAPLE 1 . IPACIFIC DOGWCOD 1 1 PLANT EO OOUGLAS-FIR ,1 ILOOGEPOLE PINE 1 IPACIFIC SILVER FIR 1 ISITKA SPRUCE 1  1 801 1 1 1 1 1 | I | -II 1 1 j | I I I I 1 1 1 . 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 I I i l l 1 I I I I 1 I I | | I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 I I I I 1 1  INC. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  1 SO I  I  I  I  I I  1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 'l  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 l 1 1 I  1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I . l 1 1 I I  I I 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 I I 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1  I  I  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  1  I I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I  I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  1 1 1 11  1 1 1 11  1 25601 1 loaol 1 801 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 401 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1  I  I  137601  1 I I  I I  I I 1  1 1 1 1 I I  I I I I  1  '  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: S A L A L -DOUGLAS-FIR PLOT NO.: 17 ISPECIES  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS I 0 I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK 1 IWESTERN REDCEDAR 1 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 IPAPER BIRCH j IVINE MAPLE 1 ICASCARA I IEITTER CHERRY 1 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD 1 IRED ALDER i IWILLOW SPP. 1 IBIG-LEAF MAPLE j IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 1 PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR 1 ILODGEPOLE PINE 1 IPACIFIC SILVER FIR 1 ISITKA SPRUCE I INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  11  2 1 3 1 4 1 5|  6 I 7 1 8I  9 I IC I 11 I 12 I 13 | 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  | 1201 2401 801 801 2401 1201 401 2001 801 | | | | | 1 801401 | j j | | 1 1 j j j 1 401 1201 401 j | j 401 j 401 j 1 401 j I 1 801 j 401 2801 801 401 1 1 I 401 | | | | | | I 1 801 j | | | 1 1 401 j j 1 1 j j | | | 1 1 j j j j | j | | | | | | j | j j | | I I j 401 j j j | 401 j | | | | j | j j j 1 I | | | | 1 1 j j j | j | | | | | | I 1 j 1 1 | | 1 1 j j j | j j I | | | | | | | | | 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I 1201 4001 16012001 5201 1201 24C| 401 2801 2401 801 1  1  1  1  1  1 1201 1 1 1 80 1 I j 1 1 |  |  1 801 1 1 |  1  | |  |  1  | |  j j I I | 1  |  1  I 2801  |  |  I I 401 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1  I I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 I | 1  1 I 401 401  1 I  1  |  1  |  1 401 1 I 1 I  |  1 1 1 1 I I I j  | 1  |  1 1 1 1 j | I | |  1  |  |  1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  401 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 40 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1  OJ  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 1 WESTERN HEMLOCK I I I I 1 1 1 l . l1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 WESTERN REDCEOAR I 1 I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 PAPER BIRCH | | I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I IVINE MAPLE 1 1 1 I I 1 I I I 1 11 I I I 1 ICASCARA I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 BITTER CHERRY I | | | I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 l . l 1 I I IRED ALDER 1 I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 WILLOW SPP. I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 BIG-LEAF MAPLE 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 PACIFIC DOGWOOO 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 PLANT ED DCUGLAS-FIR 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I ILODGEPOLE PINE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 IPACIFIC SILVER FIR I I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 SITKA SPRUCE 1 I I II I I I 1 1 1 I I I 1 I I I I I I INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I  I 36 I 37 138 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I  I 39 I TOTALI 1 1 13601 1 1 1201 1 1 3201 I 1 1601 1 1 5601 1 1 801 1 1 1201 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 801 l . l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 28001  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK PLOT NO.: 18 ISPECIES  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  1 0 I  1I  21  31  41  51 61  71  a l  9 1 10 I 11 112 I 13 I 14  15 I 16  1 WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 PAPER BIRCH 1 VINE MAPL€ ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE RINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 9601 6401 6801 5201 2401 2001 2C0I 2001 801 1201 1201 8C| 1201 401 | | 1 1601 4401 j 1 j | | | | | | 1 1 1 401 401 40| 40| 401 1 | | | | | | | | | | | 1 1 1 401 | | | | | | | | 1 1 1 j j j | | | | | 1 1 1 j j j j j j | | | | | | | | | | | 1 1 1 j | | | | 1 1 1 j j 40| j j j j j | | | | | | | | | I I 1 j j | | | 801 1601 801 2801 801 801 | 401 | | | 1 | | | | | | | | | | 1 1 1 j j | | | | | | | | | | | j | 1 | | | | | | | 1 1 1 j j • j. j -1 | | | | | | | | | | | | I I | | | | | | | | | 1 I I j j j 1 1 1 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS 11120110801 8401 7201 40O| 5201 320| 2801 1201 1601 1201 8 C |1201 401  17  18  19 I |  | | | | |  401 401 •  I  |  |  |  | | |  j  | |  1  1  |  1  1  1  |  1  1  801  |  | |  1  1  1 1  1  1 •P*  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 | 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 | 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT EO DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  401  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  401  42401 6C0| 2001 40|  401 401 8401  I  401  I.  I  I.  I  I  I  I  I  I I I  I I  I I I  I  I  I6C40I  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PARTIII - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: MOSS - WESTERN HEiiLOCK NG. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT NO.: 19 ISPECIES i IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER, BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA . I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  |  0 I  11  jM  3 1 4 I  5 1 6 1 7 1 8|  1256011520 10401 8001 400 280 320 I 9601 200 801 . I I 2401 80 160 1 200180 200 80 I I I  I 40  9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I H I 15 I 16 I 17 160  80  18  19  40| 40  40  401 401  401  401 4001 6C0 I I  560 520  240  360  120  40  I  |N0. OF. TREES/HT. CLASSI376011840113601148011080110401 920| 3201 3601 2801 401  I .401 401  I 401  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33  34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I 7280 1240 1040  IWESTERN HEMLOCK I WESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH IVINE WAPLE ICASCARA IBITTEK CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  120 40 2880  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I 126001  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STAND ANO TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION! S A L A L - D O U G L A S - F I R PLOT NO.V 20 I SPEC IES  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HE IGHT CLASS I  0 1 I I  2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 I  7 I  8 1 9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  1240011440113601 640| 6001 3201 2001 801 801 401 | I2600 t 1200) 6001 2401 40| j I I I | 1201 801 1 1601 2401 1601 401 401 I 401 | 1 1 1 1201 801 801 401 401 401 1 | | 1 1 1 1 1 I .1 1 1 | | 1 1 1 1 401 I I I 1 1 1 801 401 401 I I I I I 1 1 1 801 401 1 I 401 401 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1601 2401 3601 4001 1601 20CI 80| 1 801 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 | 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 j I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS 153201328012680 I 14808401 I 6401 4801 2001 2001 801  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE 1CASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR 1 LODGE POL E PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1  I 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1  1 401 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I I  1  1 401  1  1  1  1 1 1  1  1  1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I I  I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I  1  1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1  1  1 1 1 1 1  1  I I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  1  1  1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1  1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1  1  1  1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  ON  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 1 25 I 26 | 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 i TCTALI  IWESTERN HEMLOCK 1 WESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DCUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH 1 VINE MAPLE 1CASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOUD 1 RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  | 1 | 1 1 1 1 1 I I  1 1 I I I 1 I  I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS I  I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I 1 I I I  I I I I I 1 I I I I I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 I I I I I 1.1 I I I  1 1 1  1  1 '1 1 1 1  1  1 I  I I  1  1  1  1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  I  I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1  1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I I I  1 1 1 1 1 | 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I I I 1  1  1 1 I I I 1 1  1 | 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I  1 I I I 1 1 | I 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1  1 I I I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1  I  I  I I  1  I  1  1 1 I I 1 I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 72001 1 46801 1 8801 4C0| 1 1 1 401 1601 1 2001 1 1 1 16801 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  1152401  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U . B . C . R . F . FOREST ASSOCIATION: SALAL - DOUGLAS-FIR PLOT NO.: 21 ISPECIES  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS I  0 I  11  2 1  3 1  4|  5 1  6 I  7 I  8 1  9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK . 1 1040 12001 5601 4001 2401 24CI 2401 2001 2001 1201 401 | j j j j j | IWESTERN REDCEDAR 1 80 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1j 240 2401 2801j 401 401 I I 1 1 1 401 IPAPER BIRCH 1 1 1 I I 1 j 1 | IVINE MAPLE I I I 1 1 1 ICASCARA | 1 | I I 1 1 1 1 j | 1 IBITTER CHERRY 1 I I 1 1 1 | 1 | 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD I I i 1 1 1 j | 401 IRED ALDER j | I I I 1 j j 401 i i i i i i IWILLOW SPP. j 1 | i i i i I I IBIG-LEAF MAPLE j | 1 i j i i i i IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 | j i i i i i 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR j | 1 | i i i i i i ILODGEPOLE PINE | 1 j i i i i i i IPACIFIC SILVER FIR 1 ISITKA SPRUCE I I i i i i I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS I 1360116001 8401 440| 280| 2401 2401 2001 2001 1201  1 12C|  i i i i i i j  40|  i i i i i i  i  i  j j i i j  I  i i i j i i  401  i i i i i j j j i i i j j i  i  1  401 1201  401  i  1  801  1  |  1  i  i  i  i  i  i  i  i i i i  i  i  I  I  i i i  i i i i  i i i i  I  I  i i i  i i i i  i i  i i  i i i i  I  i i  I  i  i  i i  I . I  i i i  i i i i . i  i i  i  I  I 801  I  i i  i i i  i i i i  i i i  i i  i i  i i i i  i  I  I  I  i  I  I  I  i i i i  I  I I  i  I  i  I  I  I  i  i i  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES I WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE HAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IREO ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I 4680 120 840 40  I  |No'. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  401  401  120 40  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I 58401  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - StAND ANO TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. . FOREST ASSOCIATION: MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK PLOT NO.: 22 ISPECIES  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS I  I WESTERN HEHLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR (NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE " IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  0 I 1320 320 40  11  2|  31  680 280 200 440 240 80 40 40 80  80  40  40  40  4 I  5 1 6 1 7 1 8|  1201 120 40| 40| I I I  160  80  80  80  9 | 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I 40  40  120  40  80  40  4C  401 401  I 401 120  80  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS I 1680112401 6801 3601 3201 2401 2401 2401  40  40  40  801 801 120 I 401 2001  I  I 00  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS I SPECIES IWESTERN HEMLOCK . IWESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE. INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 | 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 | 38 I 39 I TOTAL I 40  33201 11201 5201  401 401 40  40  I  401  I  2401 401  I  40  401  4601  I  401  401  I  401  401 401  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  |  I  I  | 57601  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE C O A S T A L WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE FOREST ASSOCIATION: SWORDFERN PLOT  NC.:  NO.  23  ISPECIES  1  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR . INATURAL D U U G L A S - F I R IPAPER B I R C H I V I N E MAPLE ICASCARA  1  1 B I T T E R CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW S P P . I B I G - L E A F MAPLE I P A C I F I C DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILCDGEPOLE PINE I P A C I F I C S I L V E R FIR I S I T K A SPRUCE INO.  PART III - STANO ANO T R E E ORY SUBZONE - U . B . C . R . F . - WESTERN REDCEDAR  0  1  1  1  2  1  8601 2001 1 401 1 640 1 1 401 401 1 401 | | 1 1 | | 1 1 I j 1 1 | j 601 801 | j 801 2001 80| 1201 1 40 I 1 4 4 0 | 6001 6801 j I 1 1 | | 1 1 | j 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  3 1  4  1  5  OF T R E E S / A C R E / H E I G H T  1  61  7 1  OF T R E E S / H T . C L A S S 120401 12801 1 1 6 0 1 1 0 4 0 1 8 8 0 | 4 8 0 | 1 2 4 0 | 3601  ISPECIES  I  20  I 21  I 22  I  23  I .24  I  1  9 1 10 1 11 1  25  3201  1601  OF T R E E S / A C R E / H E I G H T I 26  I 27  I 28  I 29  3201  12  1  14  13  1  15  I 1 1 40 I 1 1 1 801 401 120 1  4CI 4CI  401  401  1  1  1  1  1  1 1  1  1 I I  I  I  1  1  1 1  1 1  1  '  '  '  401  401  •  ___! 801  1 1  1  1  I  1 19 1  1  '  1  1 18  1  401 1  1  4801  1 17  I 1 I-  1  1601  16  1 . 1  1 1 200 1  8CI  1  801  1  '  '  1  1  '  !  1  1 401  1 I  I  I I  1  1  '  I  1  1  ! 1  1 __'  1  I . I  I  CLASS I 30  I 31  I 32  I 33  I  34  I 35  I 36  I  37  I  38  I 39  I TOTAL I 12401 6801 2601 801  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL D O U G L A S - F I R IPAPER B I R C H I V I N E MAPLE ICASCARA I B I T T E R CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW S P P . I B I G - L E A F MAPLE I P A C I F I C DOGWOOD I PLANT ED D O U G L A S - F I R ILODGEPOLE PINE I P A C I F I C S I L V E R FIR I S I T K A SPRUCE OF T R E E S / H T . C L A S S I  8  CLASS  | | 401 401 401 1 40| 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1601 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 801 1 1 1 • | 401 1 1 2001 4401 1201 4401 1201 1201 801 1201 2401 801 801 2001 1201 2001 401 40| 401 5201 2001 1601 4401 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I 401 401 801 801 401 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  NO.  I NO.  DESCRIPTION  I I  2801 18401 15601 34801  40  I I  7201  I  I  I  I  I  401  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  1101601  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART III - STANO AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SWORDFERN - WESTERN REDCEDAR • PLOT NO.: 24 ISPECIES  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS I 0 I I I 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 I 7 I 8 1 9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK I 1 WESTERN REDCEDAR 1 1601 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 401 | IPAPER BIRCH I I VINE MAPLE 1 I | ICASCARA I 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 j | 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD 1 | 1 RED ALDER 1 | IWILLOW SPP. 1 I IBIG-LEAF MAPLE 1 | IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR 1 I ILODGEPOLE PINE 1 I IPACIFIC SILVER FIR 1 I ISITKA SPRUCE 1 1 INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 2001  ISPECIES.  , 40| 1 40| 401 401 40| 401 1 1 401 I 1 1 1 1 1 401 40| 401 1 801 1 1 | | I I 1 401 1 1 401 801 801 1601 110801 1 401 | I 1 1 1 1 1 1 j I 801 1201 1 401 1 1 | | | I 1 1 I 1 | . | | j 1 6CI I 1 | j I 801 1201 401 401 801 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 | I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 401 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1601 .1601 2001 4801 120113601 801 1601  |  401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 401 1 1 1 401 2C0I 801 1 1 1 1 1 1 40| 1 1 1 1  1  •  1  1601 2801  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ' I  1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I 1  I 1 1 1 1 . I I 1 1 1 1 1 • 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1201 1601 1 1 1201 ' I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 401 401 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 12CI2C0I 401 12CI 1  1  I i  1 ' '  I ' j J  1 1 ' ' 1 1 1 1 ' 1 ' 1 1 1 1 1 1  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 ITCTALI  IWESTERN HEMLOCK l " 1 IWESTERN REDCEDAR | j INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR j j IPAPER BIRCH 1 1 IVINE MAPLE j | 1CASCARA 1 I | | 1 BITTER CHERRY | | 1 BLACK COTTONWOOO | | 1 RED ALDER 1 WILLOW SPP. j | | | IBIG-LEAF MAPLE | | 1PAC!F IC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR 1 40 I ILOOGEPOLE PINE 1 1 | | IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE 1 1 I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 401  1 1 | | 1 | | j | I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 .1 I 1 I I I j 1 1 1 | | 1 1 1 1 401 I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I | I 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I j 401 401 401 1 1 1 1 1 | | 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I .401 401 401 401 I  |  |  |  1 I  1 I  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I l . l  1 I 1 1 1  1 1 1  1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 I  1 1 l I 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 I 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 I I l . l t I I 1 1 1 I I I  . l 1 I 1 I I I 1 I 1 I  1 1 1 I 1 I  1 I I 1 I I I I II I 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1  1 1 1  1 1 1 1  1  1 1 1 I  I  1  I I 1 1 1  I 1 1 1 I 1 1 II  1 1 1 I I 1 1  1 1 1 2801 1 1 1 2001 I I I 2401 I I 1 401 I I 1 14601 I I I 1 I I I 2801  I 1  I 1  1  1  1 I 1 1 I  I 1 1 I I  I I j I 1 1 I I  1 7601 I 4401 1 I 1 3201 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 40401  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SWORDFERN - WESTERN REDCEOAR PLOT NO.: 25  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES I WESTERN HEMLOCK I WESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER I WILLOW SPP. IEIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC OOGWOOO I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR I LODGE POL E PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  0 I  1 I  80  40 40 40  2 1 3|  4 1 5|  6 | 7 1 8 1 9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I 401 40  40 80  80  40 40  40 40 40  40 40  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  801 1201 801  60| 1201  I  401  120 80  40 80  80  4C  40 40  40 40  40  40 40  I 401 3201 1601 1601 801 401 801 401  I 401  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS. ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWCOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE I PACIFIC DOGWOOD IP LANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE I PACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  I 20  2601 1201 1601 801  I I  801 I  40  40  I 40  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 1001  I  4801 2001 2401  I  401  16201  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SWORDFERN - WESTERN REDCEDAR NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT NO.: | 26 1 WESTERN HEMLOCK 110401 1601 IWESTERN REDCEOAR 1 5601 401 INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 1 1 IPAPER BIRCH 1 I I IVINE MAPLE I I 1 ICASCARA : I I 1 IBITTER CHERRY i I I 1 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD . 1 I I 1 RED ALDER I I 1 IWILLOW SPP. 1 40 1 1 1 BIG-LEAF, MAPLE I I 1 IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 I I 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR j I I 1LODGEPOLE PINE I I 1 IPACIFIC SILVER FIR 1 I I ISITKA SPRUCE j  4 | 5 1 6 I 7 | 8| 9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I IB I 19 | | | , | | | .| | | | | 1 1 1 801 401 I 4CI j | | | I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 40| 1 1 1 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 •I 1 I I | 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1' 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 | 401 1 1 401 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 401 j | | j | 1 401 401 401 401 1 1 1 1 j | j | 1 1 1 401 j 801 1201 801 2C0I 4CI 1201 401 1 1201 401 1 401 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 | I | I I 1 1 1 1 . ' 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I | 1 1 401 1 1 601 1 1201 401 1 1 1 1 | | | I | 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI16401 2001  I  ISPECIES  I  0|  11  2 1 3|  1  80| 401 801  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  801 1201 1201 801 2801 4C| 1601 1201 401 1601 1201  1  I 1601 401 CO  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES IWESTERN HEHLOCK I WESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOODIRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 | 35 | 36 I 37 | 38 I 39 I TOTALI 13601 600| 801 I  200  1201 2401 104OI I I 7201  40  40 80 40  40  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 3201 401 401  40  40  80  401 401 80| 401  I  I I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I 41601  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SWORDFERN - WESTERN RECCEDAR NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT NC.: 27  4 1. 5 I . 6 1  71  81  91I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  ISPECIES  1 01 11 21  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD, IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIF IC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILOOGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR I SITKA SPRUCE  1 1 1 1 1 4401 7201 6801 4001 401 401 1 8001 1201 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 | | 1 1 1 1 BOI 1 l . l 1 401 BOI 4401 3601 240| 2001 2801 401 BOI 401 | | 1 1201 1201 1 1 1 1 1 j j 401 1 1 401 I I 1 1 1 .1 401 401 401 1 1 1 1 401 1 1 1 1201 401 1 1 1 1 1 | | 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 40 | | 401 2401 801 401 1 1 1 1 1 I I 401 801 401 1 1 1 I '  ;  31  I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS I 1280 110801 1720 110801 320| 2801 3601 401  801  80  801  80 I 401  40  I  I 401 CO  NO'. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 | 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 | 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I 23201 9201 801 18001 2401 801 1601 1601 1601 4001 1601  I WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS—FIR ILOOGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  I I  I I  I I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I.  I  I 64801  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: S W O R D F E R N - WESTERN REDCEDAR PLOT NO.J 28  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES  10  1 WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEOAR 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH 1 VINE MAPLE ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALOER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF HAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED OOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC.SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 112  1 3 1 A I |  |  S I  6 I  7 1 B I  1 2B0I 2401 | 1 4801 1 j j j j | 1 401 1 j j j j 1 2801 4401 5201 4401 4801 2001 80 I | 801 120| 1201 5201 1 1 1 | | 1 1 1 j j j 1 401 2001 2801 1601 j 401 j | | | | 40| 1 1 1 | | | 1 1 1 j j | 1 1 801 401 j j j | | 1 120 1 1 j j j | 1 1 801 801 j j j | | | 1 1 1 j j | 1 1 1 j j j j 1 1 1 j j j j j 1 1 1 I 1 • 1 1 ,  ,  1 NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS 11240 110401 9201 6801 6001 3601 6401  9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  , 1 1 1 1 | j | j 1 401 401 | | 1 | | j  |  |  j j 1 . 40 I j | j | |  |  j | j 1  | j j 1  |  |  | |  ,  j j 1 1 |  |  j  | |  j |  | j  |  j  | |  1 801 401  |  |  I  1 1 1 j j | 1 1 1 1 2001 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 { | j 1 I I j | | I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I j 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 , 1 1 1 1 I I j | j 1 4001 1 | j | I I 1 1 1 1 I I I | j | 1 1 1 | | j 1 1 I I 1 I I | j | I I 1 I I 1  1 j 1 1  j 1 1  1 1 | 1 j 1 1 1 j I I | 1 I I | 1 1  1 2001  1 4001  1  1  1  1  1  | 1 | 1 1 1 | 1 |  1 1 j 1 j 1 1 1 j | 1  OO  NC. OF THEES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS I SPEC IES  . I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 | 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE 1CASCARA IBITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD 1 RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. 1 BIG-LEAF MAPLE 1 PACIFIC DOGWOOO 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE -  | | I .1 I I 1 1 1 I I I | I I I I I I I 1 I I 1 I I I I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I | I I I  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  I I  | I 1 1 1 I 1  1 I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I I I 1  I  I  I I  1  1 1 I I 1 1 I I I I I I I | 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 I I  1 I I  I  I  I  1 1 1 I 1 1  1 1  1 1 1 I.I  |  1 1  1  1 1 I 1  1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 I  1 1 1 1 1  I I 1 I I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I  1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  |  I I 1 1  1 1 1  I I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 I I 1  1 1 I I  1 I I  1  1 1 I 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 -1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 I I I I I I 1 1 1 1  |  |  |  1 1  |  I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  5201 4801 401 31201 8401 1 7201 401 401 1201 1201 1601 1 1 1 1  1 1  1 1 1 1  |  | 62001  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SWORDFERN - WESTERN REDCEDAR PLOT NO.: 29  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES  I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK 1 WESTERN REDCEDAR' 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. 1 BIG-LEAF MAPLE 1PACIFIC OOGWOOD [PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 401 1 1 1 • 1 401 1 | | 1 1 1 '" 1 1 1 | | 1 I I j j | j | | 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 j j | | | j | | | j 1 1 j | 1 1 | | I I I ! | j 1 1 | | j j 1 I.I 1 1.  I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  0 I  11  401 401  2 1 3 1 4|  I  5 1 6 I  1 1 1  1 1 1 I I 1 | j 1 1 1.1  | 1 1 |  | j 1 1  I I j 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 j | I I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 I.I.I  I I I  I  7 I  8 I  9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 | 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  1 401 11 1 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 1 | j 1 1 1 1 I I 1  1 I I 1.1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 j I 1 1 | | 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I  801  1  1 I I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 I I  | | 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1" ' 1 1 .1 1 I I 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 401 1601 1201 2001 160 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 40| 1 401 I 1 I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1.1 1  I  I  I I  1 1 1  I I  1  401 1601 1601 20C| 2401 .  1  I CO  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 j 26 I 27 | 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 | 38 I 39 |TOTAL I  1 WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR. IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER 1 WILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  |  |  j j  j |  |  |  | |  | |  | |  | |  j  1 1 1 1 j | 1 801 j | 401 |  |  |  |  |  |  j j  |  j  |  1 2001 1201 2001  j  |  1  1  | 401 401 | j j | | j  |  |  | 1  j  | |  1  1  1  1  1  1 401 j 1 | 1 1 j 1 j | 1 | 1  |  1 1 j I I 1 | 1 1 | 1 1 | 1 1 | | I I I | 1 1 401 j 1601 1601 2801 j 801 | | j | | | I I 1 j 1 1 401 401 1 .1 1 1 j 1 | 1 1 1 j 1 1 1  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 2801 200) 2401 1601 1601 36CI  1  1  8C| 801  |  |  | | | |  1 j 1 1 | I j  1 | 1 1 j | |  | |  1 1201 | j 1 1  |  1  |  | 1  | I  1 1 1  |  | | 1  I  |  | |  1 1  I 1201  I I I I 1 1 1 1 I I |  1 1 1 1 |  1 1 1 401 1 1 1 1 1 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  801  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 |  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  |  |  j I I  | j |  I  I  j j  | j  | | | |  | |  | |  | j 1 401 j I 1 1 1  1  I  4CI  | |  1 I  1 I 1 I  |  |  1  1  |  I 1 1 |  1 1 1 I 1 1 | I I 401 801 I I j 1 I I I I j 1 I I 80 1 1 1 1 I I I 401  801  80 1  1 1201 1 401 1 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1201 1 401 1 1601 1 20401 1 1 1 1 1 4001 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 29601  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SWORDFERN. - WESTERN REDCEDAR NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT NC.1 30 ISPECIES  I 0 1 I I 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6|  IWESTERN HEMLOCK 1 WESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE '• IPACIFIC DOGWOOO (PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE . IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  | 1 3601 7601 2401 1 1 4401 401 I I I | 1 1201 I I I 1 40011800119201 2001 j 1 1 801 I I j 1 I I I I I | 1 1601 5601 5201 401 1 64011960121601 4401 80| 1 1 401 80| 1201 80| 1 280I2440I2680I1040I 3201 | 1 1 1 1 1 | 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1201 26012eol 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1  7 1 8 1 9 | 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  1  |  |  |  1  1  I  |  j 1 I 1  | j i 1 1 i 401 I 401 80|  801 |  1 I  801  1  |  j  I 1  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS I 2400 I 76801 77201 21201 7601 2401  I  j j I |  I  j I  I | 801 1201 1 I |  j  |  I  |  I j I  j  1  |  j  |  1  801  1  | | |  8C| 1201  I I 1  1 1  1 I I 1 1 1 1 I 1  |  1 1 1201 1 1 I I I | |  |  1 |  1  1  1  1  1201  I 1 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 1  I 1 1 1 I I  I I  1 1 1 1 1  1  1 1 I 1 1  I I  I 1 801 1601 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1  1  I I  1 1 1 I 1 I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  I I  l . l  1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1  I  1 1 1 1  I 1 1 1  1  1 1  I I  1 1 1  l . l  I I 1 I 1 1 I  1  1  1  1  I I  I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I I 1  I I  I 1 I 1 1  1  1  I 1  1 1  1 1 I  1 1 I  l . l  I 801 1601 00  as  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS I SPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 i 26 I 27 I 28 | 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 | 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I 13601 4801 1201 43201 - 801  IWESTERN HEMLOCK I WESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS I  I  12801 53201 10001 68401 7601  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  1215601  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: SWORDFERN - WESTERN REDCEDAR NC. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT NO.: 31 0|  11  21  31  Al  51  10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 1A I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19  ISPECIES  I  61  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR . INATURAL DCUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR 1 LODGE POL E PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  | | .| | 1 1 1 1 I, 1 1 1 2A0I 2801 1 1 1 200 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 . 1 I I 1 AO) AOI 1 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 160| 1201 7601 6801 801 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 6001 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 801 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I1 I1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 801 5201 4801 2401 801 1201 1 1 1 8 0 1 1601 1601 1601 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 16CI 1 801 801 1 1601 840116401 18401 15601 72CI 4801 1201 1 1 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 401 401 1201 401 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 ~\ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1  1  1  l . l 1  ;  |NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 8001 136013C001 30801 25201 9201 800| 1201  801  801 1201 16CI-160I 1601  I  1 1 I 1 1 1  1 1  1  I  1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  I  1  I I  .  j I1 . J 1 1 1 I I  I  I I 1 1 1  1 1 1  I CO  NC. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  7~20~7~2l I 22 | 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 3C I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 1 1 i I I i I I i i i i I T" " I I I I I i 1 1  IWESTERN HEMLOCK 1 WESTERN REDCEDAR 1 INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 IPAPER BIRCH ' I IVINE MAPLE 1 1CASCARA ' 1 IBITTER CHERRY 1 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD 1 1 RED ALDER 1 IWILLOW SPP. 1 IBIG-LEAF MAPLE 1 IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR 1 ILODGEPOLE PINE 1 IPACIFIC SILVER FIR 1 ISITKA SPRUCE 1 1 NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  i i i  Ii  I I  I  i  I  i  I  I  i i  I  I  i  i  I I I . I  i i i i  i i i i i  i i i  i  i  i  i  i i i i  i  i  i  i i  i i i i  i i i i  i i i i  i i  i i  i i  i i  I  I  i  t  I ! ! ! ! ! ! i i i i  i  I  I  i i  i  i i  I I  i  i  I i  I I i  I  i  I  I  i  i  1 1 1 I 1 1  i  i  1 1  l  1 I . '  i  1 1 1 1  1 I 1 1 ' I  I I 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 j ' ' I . 1  i  ! ' ' 1  i  1  t  1 ' I  ,  I ! ! ! ! ! I 1 I' 1 I 1 I I I! l  1  !  i  i  I . I 1 1 1 I 1 1  I  I I I  I  l  i  I I  I I I  I  I I  I I  I 1  I  1 1  i. i  1: 1  t .  i i  1 1 1  i i  1 1 1  i i  1 1 1  1 1 I 1 I I  I I 1 I 1 1 1 I I 1  I 1  I  I !  !  I 1  1 1  I  1 5201 1 2001 1 1201 1 1B00I 1 6001  801 15201 1 880! I 74001  I  I  II 1  ITCTALI  1  1 1  I !  1 1  1 2401  I  i 1133601  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLdCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK PLOT NO.: 32 ISPECIES  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS 1 0 1  1  1  21  3 1 41  51 61  71  8 1 9  t  801 12040 16801 12801 9201 5201 2801 240 I1201 801 401 801 IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR1 360 120 1201 401 1 1 1 1 1 I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 4CI IPAPER BIRCH j I 1 1 401 801 1 1 1 I IVINE MAPLE 2801 4401 8401 1601 40 I 1 1 1 ICASCARA 1 1 1 1 1 401 1 1 | IBITTER CHERRY. 1 1 80| 1 1 1 1 I 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 | IRED ALDER 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 | IWILLOW SPP. 1 1 401 1 1 1 1 | 1 BIG-LEAF MAPLE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 | 1PACIFIC DOGWOOO 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 | 1 PLANT ED OOUGLAS-FIR 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ILODGEPOLE PINE . j 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 PACIFIC SILVER FIR I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I SITKA SPRUCE 1 |NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS 124001 180011680114C0I14801 4801 3601 160| 801 401 801 401 801 1  1  1  1  1  18 1 19 1  10 1 11 1 12 1 13 14 . 15 116 I 17  1  80 1  401 401 1  1  '  1 J 1 j !  ' J  1  J '  1  1  I  I  1  401 401  NG. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  | 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 ITOTALI 75201 6401 I 1601 17601 401 801 I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA . IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWCOO IRED ALDER I WILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE I PACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT tO DOUGLAS-FIR I LODGE POLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  401  I  I  I  I I  I  I  I.I  I I  I  I I  I I  '  I  '  1 l C  "°l  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT .TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - U.B.C.R.F. FOREST ASSOCIATION: MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK PLOT NO.I 33  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS 0 I  ISPECIES IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEOAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH I VINE MAPLE ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILOOGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  11  400  2 1  160 ao  31  4|  5|  6|  7|  B I  9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I  80 80 40  40  17  16  I 19 I 4CI  40 40  40 40 40  I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 4001  1201 801 401  I 2401 2001  401  OO VO  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEICHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 | 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD . IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILGDCEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  |  |  1  1  1  1  |  I | j | j j j | | j | j j I 1 1 1 801 401 1 1 401 j 40 I | | | 1 1 | j I | | | j | j 1 1 | | | I 1 1 j j | | | | 1 1 1 1 | 1 1 j j 1 1 j j j | j 1 1 j I | . | | | | | | j | | | | 1 801 j | 1 1601 2001 1201 1201 1601 401 401 | | | | | j | j | j | j | | j I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 3201 240| 120| 1201 2001 40| 601  I  1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1  1 I  1 1 1 1  I  1 1 1 1 1  1  1 1  1  1 1  1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 I  1  I  |  1 1 1 1 |  1  | ' 401  1  1  1 I  |  1 1 1 1 1 . 1  1  1 1 1 1 1 | | 1 1 1 | | 1 1 1 801 1201 1601 4CI 1601 1 1 1 1 1 1.1 I I j 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 I 1 I  j I  |  1 I I 1 I 1  1  | 801 1201 1601 4C| 1601 401  1 I  1  .1 1 1  1 I  1 .1  1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 401 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I 401  1 1  1  1  1 1  1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1  1 1  1  1 1 1 1  1 I 1 1  1 1 1 1  1  1 8001 1 1601 1 401 1 2B0I 1 1  1  401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 401 401 401 1 1201 I 1 1 I • 1 aoi 1 1 14001 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1  1  1 1  I  I 401 401 29601  1  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART I I I - STAND ANO TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - ORY SUBZONE - MISSION TREE FARM FOREST ASSOCIATION: MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT NO.: 34 ISPECIES IWESTERN HEMLOCK I WESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE . ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  I  0 1-11.21 240 120  120 120  40 80  31  4 I  51  40 40  80  40  40  6| 120  160  1 1  7 1 8 1  1  1  801  1  j J  801  1  !  j  j  9 I 10 I l l I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19  j  1  1  i  40  !  801  801  |  1 1  401 401  1 1 1  801 B0| 40|  1  401  |  1  !  1  401  1  !  !  401  j  1  i  "  !  I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 3601 240| 1201  801 1  |  •  1  1  801 2801 1601 40|  I 2C0I  |  1  j J  1 I  j  1  i  1201401  I 4001 401  |  |  [  j  401 j  601 j 1  [  1  j J 1  1  1  1 1  1  1 1  j  1 1  2401  I 3201 401  |  j 401 I  . | .  1  .. |  1 1  1 1  1  801 1601 401  I 2801  401 VO  O  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  20  I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 | 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I 8401 4001  I  2801 4401 80 I I 401  40  I  2801  I I  200  80  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 240| 801  80  80  40  80  801  801  401  801 1201 601  120  80  80  801  I  80  4C  80  801  4CI  801  14801  I  I  I  I  I  I  I 38401  V E G E T A T I O N - E N V I R O N H E N T T A B L E .- PART I I I - STAND AND T R E E D E S C R I P T I O N C O A S T A L W E S T E R N HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY S U B Z O N E - M I S S I O N T R E E FARM F O R E S T A S S O C I A T I O N : MOSS - W E S T E R N H E M L O C K NO. OF T R E E S / A C R E / H E I G H T  P L O T NO.: 3 5 ISPECIES  1 0  1  11  2 1  2280 1240 720 560  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH I V I N E MAPLE ICASCARA I B I T T E R CHERRY I B L A C K COTTONWOOO I RED A L D E R IWILLOW S P P . I B I G - L E A F MAPLE I P A C I F I C OOGWCOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR I LODGE P O L E P I N E IPACIFIC SILVER FIR I S I T K A SPRUCE  3 |  A  400 160  640 320  CLASS  I 5 1 6 1 7 1 8 1 9 | I C I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I  440 80  160  120  40  240 40  80 40  40  40 400 40  eo  160  40  20C  40  40  80  40  40  200  80  40  401  40  40  40  40  40  40  80 80  80  40  40  80 40  360  19  I  80  40  40  40 40  |N0. OF T R E E S / H T . C L A S S 1 3 0 0 0 1 1 8 0 0 1 9 6 0 1 5 6 0 1 5 6 0 1 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 3 2 0 1 6 8 0 1 2 0 0 1 1201 3 6 C I 6 4 0 1 2 4 0 ! 1601 1 2 0 1 1 6 0 1  401 1201  vo NC. OF T R E E S / A C R E / H E I G H T  CLASS  ISPECIES  I 2 0 I 21 I 2 2 I 2 3 I 2 4 I 25 I 2 6 | 2 7 I 28 I 29 | 3 0 I 31 I 32  1 WESTERN H E M L O C K IWESTERN R E D C E D A R INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH 1 V I N E MAPLE ICASCARA . I B I T T E R CHERRY 1 B L A C K COTTONWOOD IRED- A L D E R IWILLOW S P P . 1 B I G - L E A F M A P L E .. I P A C I F I C DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR 1 SITKA SPRUCE  1 401 1 1  1 401 |  j  1 1  |  1  1  1 40|  j  j  j  1  1  1  1  |  j  |  |  j  j  j  |  j 1 1  j 1 1  |  | |  | |  j  |  1  j j |  1  |  j  j  1  j j j  I  I NO. OF T R E E S / H T . C L A S S I ' 4 0 1  |  |  1  I 1  j j j  | j |  j |  j j  1  I  I  401  |  | |  |  | |  |  |  |  1 |  1 1  | | |  | |  1 1  1  | j  I  401  I I 1 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 401 1 | . I | | j | 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 |  1 1 1 1 1 I I t  1 401  |  j  1 1 1 1 I i  1 I  l  1 1 I 1 1 1  1 1 I 1 1 1  I  I  l  I  j  I  I I 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  1 1 1 I  I  1  I  I  1 I  I 1 1 1  I 1 1 1 I 1 I , 1  I 1 I 1 1 1 401 I I I I 1 1 I I  1 I 1.1 1 I I  3 3 I 34 I 3 5 I 36 I 3 7 I 3 8 I 3 9 I T C T A L I  I  I  1 I  401  I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  I  I I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 401 1 1 1 1 I 1 1  I  401  I  1 1  1 1  1 1 1  1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  I  I  I  I  I  I  1 1 68001 I I 19601 1 1 1 1 1 2801 1 1 4401 1 1 6001 I I 1 1 1 1601 1 1 1601 1 1 2801 I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I  1106801  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART I I I - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - MISSION TREE FARM FOREST ASSOCIATION: MOSS - WESTERN HEHLOCK NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT NO.: 36 ISPECIES  OI  I WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR I LODGE POLE PINE I PACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  760 80  11  21  31  41  600 160  360 40  2C0 40  40 80  160  120  80  40  51  6|  80  80 40  2001  120  EO  7 1  8|  I  10  40 80  240  80  160 40  520 40  40  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 8401 9201 5201 3201 1601  9  200 40  I  11  I  12 280  80  I  13  14 16C  40 80  40 40 40 160  160 160  120  I  120  I  15  I  16  I  17  I  18  I 19  80  40 60 80  120  BOI 2401 3201 3201 3201 8001 2001 6001 2401 4401 2401 801  80  80  8C|  1601  NO. CF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 1.22 I 23 I 24 I 25 1 2 6 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  I WESTERN HEMLOCK I WESTEKN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  401  40  40  40  3680 640 40 160 1720 920  40  40 40  401 401 801 40| 40|  I 401  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I 71601  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - MISSION TREE FARM FOREST ASSOCIATION: MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK PLOT NO.: 37  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES  1 0  1 WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR . INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE •ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALOER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR 1LCDGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 1 1 1  INO.  1  11  2  1  3  4801 3201 1601 401 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1  1 1  1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1  I  1  I  I  1  1  |  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  <|  OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 5201 3201 1601  7 I  401 1201 40 401  1 1 1 1 1  1 1  I  ||  1 1 1  1  6 I  5  1201 80|  1  I  I I I I  4  2001  801  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ' 1  .  8  1  401  9  1  1 11 1  401 1601 40  1 1 1  i 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ' 1  _-—  80| 2401  10  1  401  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  12  1  1 1  1201  1  801  13  1  1 1  1 1 1 1 1  1 1  '  I  i  1 1 ' '  1 1 ! '  2001  401 2001  1  15  14 I  1  1 1  401 1601 801  1  8C0| 801 801 1201  1 1  1  19 I  1201  401  1 1  1201  401  1  1  401  1 801  1  18  16 I  17 I  801  1  1 1  1 1 1  I  1  1 1 401  1 1  i  '  1  — ————————————— ———— 9201 4801  280 1 801  VO  -  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  1 20  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  801  401 1  21 1 22 401  801  1 1  1 1  '  j 1  i i  | 1  i 11601  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 2801  401 1 1  24  1  40|  401 1 1  BO I 120  25  I  801 t  26 I 27 401 i  1 28  I 29 | 30 I 31  1  1  1  801  !  1  1  1  1  1 i  l  40|  401 80  401 1 1  1 1 1  1 1  1 1 1  i  i  i  i  801  401  401  401  1  I i i ! 1 1  I 2001 2001  1  34  32 1 33  I  38 1 39 I TOTAL 1  35 I 36 I 37  1  81  !  1 24881 1 3201  l  I I I  1  I  1 1 1  1 23  1  1 1  1 1  80|  40|  401  ii i  401 1 40  1601 1  1 401 2801  i  ~  1  1  1  i  1 1  10401 4801  1  1  i  1  1601  1 J  401  401  i  801 1  1  1  1201  1 1  1  1 1  I 2C0I  I  1  1 1C00I  J I  481  401  I  I  I 54881  V E G E T A T I O N - E N V I R O N H E N T T A B L E - PART I I I - STAND AND TREE D E S C R I P T I O N C O A S T A L WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - MISSION TREE FARM F O R E S T A S S O C I A T I O N : MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK PLOT  NO.!  NO.  38  OI  , ISPECIES IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL D O U G L A S - F I R 1 PAPER B I R C H I V I N E MAPLE ICASCARA 1 B I T T E R CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW S P P . IBIG-LEAF MAPLE 1 P A C I F I C DOGWOOO 1 PLANTED D O U G L A S - F I R ILODGEPOLE PINE I P A C I F I C S I L V E R FIR I S I T K A SPRUCE INO.  OF T R E E S / A C R E / H E I G H T  11 21 31 4 1 5 1  12960 14001 1201 1 600 j •••  6401 401  1601  4001 2401 80| 1 1 I  |  | j  j  I  1  | |  1 1 1 I 1  |  1 1  1  | | | j  j I I 1  1  OF T R E E S / H T . C L A S S 1 3 5 6 0 1 1 5 2 0 1 6801  4801  I 1 1 1  1 1 1  401  1  1  1  1 1  1  1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1  1 1  160| 5201  8 1  1  1 I I  1201 1201  1 1 I I 1 240| 1 401 1 1  1  1  I  10  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1  401  9 I  801 801 1 1 801  1  1  1 1  1  1  200 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1  I I  " 1  2401  3201  1 1  |  j 1 1  7  CLASS  1 1  1 1  1 1 1 1  1  1 1  1  1  I  2401  1 1  1 1 1  1  5201  11  I  I  12  1 1201 1 2001 1 401 1 1 1 4401 1 1  1  1  1 1  1 401 1 1  1  401 1 1  1 1  1 1 1  1 1  1  13  I 14 I  401  I  1  1 1  1  1 1 1  1 1 1  1  1  401  1  1 1 1  401 1201 1 1  1 1  1 1 1  1  801  1 1 1 1 3201 2601  1 1  1  1601  1  1 1  1 1  1  4401  16  I  17  401  80 J  1  1  4C| 8401  15  6401  1 1  18 1 1  1  1 1  1  1  401  1 1 1 1 1  1 40|  1 1  1.  1  I  19  1601 1  1 1  1  1 1  I  1201  1  1 1  1  80 1  1  1 1  1 401 1 1 40 1 1  1 1 1  1 1  1 1  1  1201  1  1 440 I  1 1 1  1  1 VO  NO. ISPECIES I WESTERN HEMLOCK I WESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL D O U G L A S - F I R I PAPER B I R C H I V I N E MAPLE ICASCARA I B I T T E R CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW S P P . I B I G - L E A F MAPLE . I P A C I F I C DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE I P A C I F I C S I L V E R FIR I S I T K A SPRUCE I NO.  OF T R E E S / H T . C L A S S I  20  OF T R E E S / A C R E / H E I G H T  CLASS  I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 1 2 6 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37. I 38 I 39 ITCTALI  I  401  I  l . l 40  I  401  40  69201 15201 401 801 14801 1201  40  2001  40  40  I  40  40  I 2801  I I  40  80  1201  1201  120  80  80|  I  1601  80  1601  40  801  80  1601  40  40  80  401  401  eOl  10801  160  I  I  I  I 1601  I  I  I  1117201  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART I I I - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - MISSION TREE FARH FOREST ASSOCIATION: MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK PLOT NO.: 39 ISPECIES  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS I  . IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEOAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOO IRED ALOER IWILLOW SPP. IdG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PL ANT EO DCUGL AS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  0 I  1 I 2  3 I 4  5  196011320110401 6401 1201  80  40  240  16 1  20C 60  9  I I  401  2C0 40  160 80  40  8 1  7  I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS I I960 I 1360 I 1080 I 720 I 36C| 4401  10  I  401  11  I I  I  401  I  13  401  I  14  I  15  I  16  I  17  I  19  16  I  40| 801  401  I  40  I  401  401  I  401  60  80  3201  I  12  1201  I  1201  601  LO Ln  . NC. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 \ 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 | 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 ITCTALI  IWESTERN HEMLOCK 1 WESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 PAPER BlRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER 1 WILLOW SPP. 1 BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  |  I  1 1 1 1 1  I  1  1 | 1 1 | 1 I 1  I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  I  I I I I 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 j I | I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  I  I  I  I  I  1  I  1  1 1  1  1 I  1  1 1 1  1  I 1 I  1  1 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1  1 1 1 1 I  I  I  1 1  I 1  I 1 1  1  1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I  1 1 1 I  1 1 1 1 1 1 I  1  1 I I I  I  1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1. I I I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1  1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1  I  I  1  I  1 1 I I I I  1 1 I  1 I  1 1  1 1 I  1 1 I  1 1 1 1  I  1 1  1 1 1 1 1  I  I  I 1 1  I 1 1 1 1  I  I  I I  1 1 1 1 I  1 1 1 1 1  . I  1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I  1 1 1 1  I  I  I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I.  I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  1 56801 1  I I  I  1 1 1 7201 1 3201 1 1 I  1 1 I  1  I  1 1 1  I  I  1 1 I  1  I  1 1 1  I 67201  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART III - STAND ANO TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - MISSION TREE FARM FOREST ASSOCIATION: S A L A L - DOUGLAS-FIR PLOT NO.:  AO  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  I 0 I 11-21  ISPECIES IWESTERN  HEMLOCK  1 WESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 PAPER B I R C H I V I N E MAPLE 1CASCARA 1 B I T T E R CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW S P P . 1 B I G - L E A F MAPLE I P A C I F I C DOGWOOD I PLANTED D O U G L A S - F I R ILODGEPOLE P I N E I P A C I F I C SILVER FIR I S I T K A SPRUCE  401 2401 1 1  1 I  401 j  | |  | |  1 I  I |  1 I 1 1  |  |  I  |  1  | |  | |  I  j  | |  | |  1 j 1  401  1 401 1 l  I 1 1 1 1  I  1 |  1  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  l . 1 ' 1 .1 1  1  j  1 1  1  1.  1  I  31 401 1 I 801  1  1 401  1  1 1 1 I 1201 1 1 1  40| 280| 2801  4 i 51  6 I 7 I 8 I 9 I IC I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 40| 1 1  1  1  1  1  1  1 1  1  1  I 401 eol l I  1 1  801 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  40|  1 1 1 1  1  1 1 1  l l 40| 1  1  I 1 1  I 1 1 1  1  1  I 1601  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 801  1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1  1  1 401 801 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 BOI 3601 1201 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  I  | 1  1 1 1 1 1  1 1 I 1 1 24CI 1 1  1  I 1  I  1 1  1 1  I  I  1  1 801  1  I  I  1 1 1  1 1 1 1  1  1 1  1  I  1  1  I  1  I  1  1  1  1  1  I  1  801  I  I  I  I  I I  1  1  1  I  1 1  1 1  1  1  I  I  I I I 1 1  1 1  1  1  1  I  1  1  1  I  1 1 1  I  1  1  1 1 1 1  1  1  I  1  1 1  1  I  1  1  1 1  1 1  I  1  1 1  1 1 1  1  1  1  I I  I  I  1  1  801 240| 3601 1601 2401  I  1  1  I I  1 1  1  I  I I  I  I I I  1  1  1  1  I I  I  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES  .-' I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-RR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOn SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD IPLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  INO.  OF TREES/HT.  °^  1 1 I  1 1 1 I I i i i I I I i i CLASSI  1  I  I I  I I  1 I  I  I  I  401  I I I  I  i i  i i  401  i  1 I 1 1 i i i i i i i I  I I  I 1 1  1 1 1 r i i i i i i i I  I I  1  1 1  1 1 I  1 1 1 I  1 I  I  I  1 I  I  1  1  1  1  1 1  1 1  I  1  1  1 1 1 I ' l l 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i i I I I I i i t i i I I i i I I I i i i i i i I I i i i i i i i I I i i i i i i i I I i i i i i i i i I I I I I I I I I I I  I  I  1 1  I  I I II II II 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1  1 I  I  1  1 I 1 1  I  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1  1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1  1  1  1  1  1  I  1  I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1  1 1 1  I  1 1  1 1  1 1  1  I 1  1  1 I 1  I  1 1 1 I 1 I  1  1  1 1 1  I I  1 1  1 1  I  1  I 1  I  I  1  1 I I 1  I  I  I 2001 1201 1 1 401  11 1  1 I  1  1  I  1  1  I  1  401 1601  1 1  1 1  1  1  I I  I  I  1 1 1  1  1 I 1 1  I  I  1  I 1 1  3601  I  I  1  I  1 1  11201  1  I  I 1 1  I  20401  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART I I I - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - MISSION TREE FARM FOREST ASSOCIATION: SALAL- DOUGLAS-FIR PLOT NO.: 41  TsPECIES 1 WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR ; 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  I  0 I 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 .1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  11 21 31 4 1 51 6 I  71 BI  9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  | | I I 1 1 1 1 1 401 401 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 801 801 1201 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 401 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 401 I I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1201 1201 1201 2801 2401 4401 2401401 801 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I  I  I  I I I I I I  I  1  I I I I 1  1 1 1 1 I  1  I  I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  1 1  I I 1 I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 I  1  1 1  1 1 1 1 1  1 I 1  1  1 1  1  1 1 j  1 j  1 1 1.1 1 1  1  401 2001 2401 2001 4401 2401 4401 2401 401 8C| LO  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I 80  I WESTERN HEMLOCK I WESTERN REDCEOAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE I CASCARA. IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOO IRED ALDER IWILLOW- SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILOOGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE INO. OF. TREES/HT. CLASSI  280 80 40 1680  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  '  I  I  2 1 6  °l  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT .TABLE - PART I I I - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - M I S S I C N TREE FARM FOREST A S S O C I A T I O N : S A L A L - D O U G L A S - F I R PLOT N O . : 42  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT  ISPECIES  10  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEOAR 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW S P P . I B I G - L E A F MAPLE I P A C I F I C DOGWOOD 1 PLANT LD DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE I P A C I F I C SILVER FIR I S I T K A SPRUCE  1  1  I  8401 1 1201 1 401 1 801 j | 1 1  | | |  | | |  |  |  | | |  | | |  |  1  801  |  401 801  |  401  |  j j  j  |  I  | | | |  j  j j  1  1  INO. OF T R E E S / H T . C L A S S I 1 0 8 0 I  2401  2 1  3 1  4 1  5 1  6 I  eel 401 1201 2401 | | 1 1 j j 1 1 1201 1201 4401 4001 460 I j | 1 1 j 401 1 40| 401 401 | 401 I . j 1 1 | | 1 1 I 401 1 401 | | 1 1 | | 1 1 401 2001 1201 2401 1201 | | 1 401 j | 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 3601 6801 68C| 7201 6401  8 I  7 I  • | I  CLASS  9 | 10  1  1  I I  1  801  | |  |  |  | I | |  | |  801 I  |  j  | | 1  401 I I  | 1  1  1601  2001  1  I I  I  |  I  I 12  1 1 401  1601 1201 I | | j I |  | | |  I 11  | |  1  120|  1 1 1 1 1' 1 1 1 1 1 1 401  I  1 1  I 13  I I  I  1  I  1 1  1 1 1 1  1 I  I  I I  1  1  1  1  I  I I 1  1.1  14  I I 1  1 I  I  1 1  I  1 1  1 1  I  '  1.1 1  1 I 1 l  I l  I 15 I 16  I  1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1  1 1 1 1 I  I  1 1 1 1  1 I I 1 1 I I 1  1 1  1  I  I 1  1  1 1 1  1  1 1  I I 1  1  I  17 I  1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1  1 I  1 I 1 1  1  1  1  1  I  I I  18 I 19  I  I  I 1 I I 1 1  1 1 1  1  1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 I  I  1  1  1  I  1  I  I  I • VO 00  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT  CLASS-  ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 T 26 | 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 | TOTAL I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR 1 NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA I B I T T E R CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW S P P . 1 B I G - L E A F MAPLE I P A C I F I C DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE I P A C I F I C S I L V E R FIR I S I T K A SPRUCE  I 1 I | 1 1 1 I I 1 j I I I I 1 1 1  INO. OF T R E E S / H T . C L A S S I  I I I | 1 1 1  I 1 1 1  I I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 t i l l 1 1 1 1.1 1 I I I I I I I 1 1 1  I  I  1 j I I  I  I  I  I  I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I  I  I  .I  I  1 I  I  I  I  I  1 1 I  I 1  I  1  I I I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I  I I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  1 14001 1 1201 1 601 1 21201 I 1 1 601 1 1601 1 1 1 1 1 801 I  I  1 1 1 8401 1 401 1 1 1 1 I A920I  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART I I I - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - MISSION TREE FARM FOREST ASSOCIATION: SALAL - DOUGLAS-FIR PLOT NO.: 43  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES  1  01  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH 1 VINE MAPLE ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 j 1  | 2801 | | 1201 401 | 1601  I NO.  | |  |  j  |  | |  | |  j  |  |  |  j j j  | | j  |  |  j I  OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  | |  1 1 21  | | | | | | j j j  | | I  3  1  40| 1 1 401 1 1 1 401  4  I  120  5  I  7  1  8  1  I  9  10  160  120  80  6|  I  11  I  12  I  13  I  14  I  15  I  16  I  17  I  18  I  19  120!  40  40  1  401 1  40  40  1  240  80| 401 1 1  240  120  40  4001 2001 2801 1601 4401 4401 28CI  80  401  401 801 401 401 401 1201  I VO VD  NC. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 | 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 ITCTALI  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  I I I I 1 | I 1 1 I 1 I  I I I I 1 I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 I 1 l . l I I 1 1 1 I 1 | | 1 1 1 I I I j I I I I I l . l 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  I  I  1  1  1  I I I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I 1 I 1 I I  1 I I ! I I I I 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 1  1  1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 1  1  1 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1  1 I  1  1 1 1  1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 l . l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I  1  1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  1 1 1  1 1 1  I  I I I  I I  I  I  1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I  1  1 1 1 1 1 1  I  1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 3601 1 1 1 1601 1 8801 1 801 1 1 1 1 1 801 1 1 1 1201 1 " 1 1 1 1 8401 1 401 1 1 1 1  1  1 25601  1 1  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART I I I - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - MISSION TREE FARM FOREST ASSOCIATIONS SALAL - DOUGLAS-FIR PLOT NO.s 4 4  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  I SPEC IES  I  1 WEST ERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE " 1CASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOO 1 RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP; IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC OOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE 1 PACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  11  2 1  4 1  5 I  401 1  1 1  |  |  |  |  j  j  |  j  401 1 1  1 1  1 801  1 12011201  |  1 401 401 | 1 1  | |  |  |  j | j j j  |  1  |  |  j |  j j  | |  | |  1  3 1  j  j  | j | j | | | j | | 401 | | j |  j j | | |  1  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI — — •  0 I  401  1  I  1601 2001  I  |  I  |  |  | 1  j  j |  1  1  . |  1  j  40|  401  | |  |  j  |  | j  |  |  j  j j j  |  |  7 I  |  j |  |  1 1  8 I  |  | | | | | |  j  |  |  9 | 10 I 11 I 12 I 1 3 I 14 I 1 5 I 16 I 17 I 1 8 I 1 9 I  |  |  | j |  |  j | |  | j j  |  |  |  j  |  |  1 I I 1 1 1 | j | I  j  |  j j j  1  I  1 1  |  |  1  j  1  I  |  1  |  1  I 2401  j  1  8C| 1201  801  |  j  1  1  1 1 1  1 1 I I I I I I  1 1  1 1 1  | j j  | 1 1 | 1 1601 801 1201 801 801 j j | | | 1 j  j j  601 1201  6 I  j | |  | j |  j | j  1 1 1 I I I I I 1  |  |  |  |  j j j  1  1  1  |  I  |  I  I  I  1  I I  1  80| .  , 1 1 1 ! I I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 j I I I I 1 I I I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I 1  I  1 1 1 1  1 1 1  j  1 1  I  1  —  I I I  | | |  •  | | j  | | |  | i j  1 .' 1 I  1  •  IS)  o o  NC. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  I  21. I  IWESTERN  HEMLOCK  I I  I  I  |  |  |  |  |  1WESTERN  REDCEDAR  |  |  I  |  I  I  |  |  INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH  I I 1  I I  I  I  I 1  I 1  I 1  1 1  1  1V I N E  I  1  I  MAPLE  1CASCARA 1GITTER IBLACK IRED  20  I  I CHERRY  COTT0NWC0D  I  I  I  I  1  1  1 I  I  I  1  1  1  I  27  I  28  I  29  | I  I  | 30 I I  I  I  I I I I I I  1  1  I I  1  1  I I  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  I  I I  1  1  I  1  1  I I  1  1  1  1  1  I I I  1P L A N T E D  DOUGLAS-FIR  I  PINE  OF T R E E S / H T .  I  26  1  I  |N0.  I  I  1  1  SPRUCE  25  1  I  ISITKA  I  1  I I  FIR  24  1  MAPLE .  SILVER  I  1  DOGWOOD  ILODGEPOLE  23  1  1PACIFIC  IPACIFIC  I  1  SPP.  1BIG-LEAF  I  I I  ALDER  1WILLOM  I  22  I  1  I  I I I I  1  1  1  I  I  I  I  I I CLASSI  I I I I  1  I  I  1 1 I  I  31  1 1 I  1  I I I  1  1 1  1 1  1  1 1 1 1  1 1 I I 1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  I  1  1  I  1 | 1 1  I  1 | I  1  35  '  3.6  I  1 I  I  l  I |  I  1  1 1 |  l I  '1  1 1 I  I  I  37  I  38  I  39  I  |  I  '  1  I I I 1 I  1  1  I  l  | 1 1  l  | 1 1  |  |  |  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  I I 1 1 1  I I  I TOTAL I  1 2801  I I I  1 1  I I  1 1  1  I  1  j  I  I  34  |  I  I I  I  |  |  I  I  33  1  1  1  I  1 1 1 j 1 1  1  I  1  32  1 1 1 | 1 1  I  1  |  I  1 1 I I 1  1  I  1 I  I  I  1 1 1 | 1 I |  801 1201  I  I  1 1 1  I I  1 1 1 401 1 1 | | 1 401 1  |  |  1 6001 1 1 1 1 1 1  11601  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART III - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - MISSION TREE FARM FOREST ASSOCIATION: MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT NO.l 45  0 I  ISPECIES  1  21  31  61  7  1  8 1  9  1 10 1  17  1 18 I  19  I  j  !  j  j  j  i i i !  |  _ ____________  • '  8C| 7201 2001  801  801  401  401  401  I Ix)  '  O ..  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  1 WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE . ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. 1 BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE OF  1 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 1 16 1  i  OF TREES/HT. CLASS 12320120001 1320 I 8401 8001 600|1200| 4401 5601 4401 400|  ISPECIES  11  I  _  I NO.  5 I  41  | 401 1 401 1 1 1601 1601 1320 10801 9601 6001 5601 5601 8801 3601 2801 3201 2C0I 8 401 7201 2401 2001 1201 401 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I | | 160 1601 401 40| 401 I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 401 1 401 801 1601 801 1201 1201 1 1 401 1 1 ! 1 i 1 1 ! ! ! 1 401 801 4CI 801 401 1 1 1 I I 401 1601 801 1201 40 1 801 4CI 360 I 401 401 401 401 1 t 1 { j j j ! j j j 40| i i i ! 1  I WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. . IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE INO.  1  1 I I  1  1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1  TREES/HT. CLASSI  1  I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1  1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 l . l I I I I 1 1; — 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1  1 1 I 1 I I I I I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 l . l 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1 1 1  I  I  I  1 1  1  1 1 1  I  I  I  I  1 1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1  1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1  1 1  1 1 1  I  I  1 1  1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1  1 1 I I I 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I  I  I I 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1  I  I  I I 1 I  1 1 1 1  I  I  1  1 1  I I 1  1  I I  1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I  I  I I  1 1 1  1 1  I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 I 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 75201 1 21601 1 4401 1 6801 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2801 1 1 1 1 1 10801 l . l 1 401 1 1  I  I  I  1122001  I  1  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART I I I - STANO AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - MISSICN TREE FARM FOREST ASSOCIATION: SALAL- DOUGLAS-FIR NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGUT CLASS  PLOT NO.: 46  1  I SPECIES IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEOAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH I VINE MAPLE • ICASCARA . I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOO IRED ALOER IWILLOW SPP. I BIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILOOGEPOLE PINE •• IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  6  I  7 1  8 !  9 | 10  I 11 I 12 1 13 1 14 1 15 1 16 1 17 18 1 19 I  401 1 401 I 286012240 2400112001 8001 240 1 3601 80| 880 760 401 801 401 120 40 801 401 401 1 1 401 I 40| 1601 40 1 401 I I I 401 I I I I I I I 801 I 80 1 401 I 1201  2401 2001  1 2801 401 360  401  INO. OF 7REES/HT. CLASS I 3880 I 30401 2720 I 1640 112401 720| 7201 1201  401  801  401  801 801  I I  1 I  I--' /  I  1 401  I  40  I I  1  1  !  I I  1  1  1  I  i  I  i  !  I  I  1  1  '  l  1  l  1  |  1  ts) O K)  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 I 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I 102801 18001 2801 3601 I I I . 401 I 2001  I WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEOAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR I PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALOER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR I LODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  14001  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  1143601  V E G E T A T I O N - E N V I R O N H E N T T A B L E - P A R T I I I - S T A N D AND T R E E D E S C R I P T I O N C O A S T A L W E S T E R N H E M L O C K ZONE - DRY S U B Z O N E - M I S S I O N T R E E FARM FOREST ASSOCIATION: S A L A L - D O U G L A S - F I R P L O T NO.: 4 7 ISPECIES  NO. O F T R E E S / A C R E / H E I G H T  CLASS  I 0 I 1 1 2 1 3 1 A I 5 1 . 6 I 7 1 8 I 9 I 1 0 I 1 1 I 1 2 I 13 I 1 4 I 1 5 I 16 I 17 I 1 8 I 1 9 I  1 WESTERN HEMLOCK 1 WESTERN REDCEOAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR 1 PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA I B I T T E R CHERRY 1 B L A C K COTTONWOOD 1 RED A L D E R IWILLOW S P P . I B I G - L E A F MAPLE I P A C I F I C DOGWOOD ( P L A N T E D DCUGL A S - F I R ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVERF I R I S I T K A SPRUCE  801 8001 9 2 0 1 8 A C I B O O l 2 8 0 1 A A O l 1 2 0 | 80| j AOi I 1 1 1 1 801 1 | | | | I I I I j 601 801 6 0 1 1201 801 801 I 1 1 | 2801 1601 1 . | 1 1 I 1 I | . 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 AOI . j | I I I I 1 1 1 •1 j j 1 j I I 1 1 1 1 j | | | I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 BOI | A 0 | 1 1 1 I I I | 1 1 1 1 1 1 j 1 1 ' 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 BOI 1 2 0 1 1601 1601 1 1 6 0 12 0 0 1 AOI 801 AOI j 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 r i I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i i  1 18A0 1880110A0I  1 1 2 03201 2 A 0 | | | j | | | j j | | | j | 1  I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASS I 1960 I 2360 I1A80I 1080 I1A80I 1120110A0I  6001 5601 2801 1201  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  A O IAOI 1 1 I I 8 0 1AO I 1 1 1 1 I 1  1 1  1 AOI  1 1 1 1  1  1  1 1  1  1 1  I 1601  1 1 1 1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1  1  I I  801  I  I  I  1  1 1  1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1  1  I I I I  1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  1  1  I I 1 1 I I 1  1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 I 1  1  1 1 1 I  1  1  1 1 1  1 1l  1  1  1 . 1 1  1  I I  I I 1 I  1 l  1 1 1 I I t-o  o NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 2A I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 3A I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD 1 RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIF IC DOGWOOD 1 PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR 1 LODGE POLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR . 1 SITKA SPRUCE  | I I I | 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I 1  INO.  OF  TREES/HT. CLASSI  1  1 1 I 1  I 1 1 I I I 1 1 l . l 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 | I I I I I I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I l . l 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 I I 1  1  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I I I | 1 1  1 I 1 1 1  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  1  I I 1 1  I I 1 . 1 1 1 I 1 1  I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  I I  1 1 1  1 I I 1 1 I I I 1 I I 1 I I  1 1 1 I 1 1  1 1 1 1 1  l 1 1 I 1 1  1  1  1  1  I I  . 1 1 I 1 1  l 1 1 1 I 1 1  I I  1 1 1  I I 1  1  1 1 1  1 1  1 1  1 I  1 I  1 1 1  1  1  1  1  1  1  I  I  I  I  1 1  1 1  1  1  I I  1 I I  1 1 1  1 1 1 I 1 1  1  1 1 1 1 1  1  1 1  1  1  I I  1  1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1  I  I  I  1 91201 1 8001 1 801 1 6401 1 A40I 1 401  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1201 I I I 1 1  1  1 1 1  10801  1 1 1  1123201  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART I I I - STAND AND TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - HISSION TREE FARM FOREST ASSOCIATION: SALAL - DOUGLAS-FIR NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  PLOT NO.: 48 ISPECIES 1 WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DCUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE 1CASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED OOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  I  0  1 1 2 1  1 1601401 I 1 801  j  I  1 401 1 1  | |  1 | |  j 1 1 j |  1  |  |  .1  j  1 1  I j j  1 1  | |  | |  1  1  I  j |  3 1  4 1  1 I  I I  1 1 1 801 1 1 1 I 1 1 I  I  1 1 I I I j 1' 1 | | 1 1 1 401 601 12011601 5201 I | | 1 1 | | | 1 1 |  I  1  |  1  |  1  5|  6|  I  I  I  I  I I I  I I I  1 1 1  I  1 1  7|  1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 2801 801 I I 1 I I I I 1 1 I I 1  8 1  1  1  9  I  IC  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  ,  I  11  I  12  I  13  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 .1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  I  I  1 1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1  1  I  14  15  1  1 I I 1 1 1  I  16  I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 I I 1 1.1 1 1.1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I I 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1  I  1  1  1  1  17  I  18  I  19  I  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 3201 1201 1201 1601 6001 2801 801  o  NG. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES  20 I 21 I 22 I 23 f 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 I TOTAL I 200 80  I WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA I BITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IEIG-LEAF KAPLE I PACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE I PACIFIC SRVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  120  1280  I I  I  I I  I  I  I  1  1  .  1  1  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I 1«>80|  VEGETATION-ENVIRONMENT TABLE - PART I I I - STANO AND TREE DESCRIPTION. COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - MISSION TREE FARM FOREST ASSOCIATION; MOSS - WESTERN HEMLOCK :. PLOT NO.J  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT  49  ISPECIES  | O l  11  I WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD I RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF HAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  1 680152 01 1 32012001 1 401 401  21  31  4|  51  7|  81  560 I2401 20O| 1601 4CC 1 401 160 401 401 I I I 401 | | 40| 1 801 | j 4C| 1201 | 80  1  1 1 j 1  j  j J  | | |  1 1 j 1  |  j j  j j  |  j  |  9  I I 1 I  j 40  10  I  11  I  1 1 1 801 401 1 12001 | . 1 401 | 1 | j 1  j j  401  401  j  INO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI1040I  61  CLASS  I 1 I  j j  1601  7601 6401 3201 2001 2801 4401 2001 280114401  801  j  12  I  1601  1 1 160 1 1 1 401  {  I  14  1 1 1 1  1201  13  1  1 1  1  1  I 1 1  801  I I I  | |  15  I  801  1 1 1 1 I 1 ]  j  16  I  401  1 1  401 :  1 I I  j . |  1  401  1  2401  I  6401 1201 3201 1201 1201  1201 1201  401  17  401  I  18  I  19  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 40 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  i  !  1  801  I  1201  I 1 1 1  1 1  1 1 1  I  1  o  on NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS ISPECIES I WESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN .REDCEDAR INATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH. I VINE. MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY IBLACK COTTONWOOD (RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPAC IF IC DOGWOOD (PLANTED DOUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE INO.  I 20 160  OF TREES/HT. CLASSI 1601  21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 r 26 I 27 I 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 | 36 I 37 | 38 I 39 I TOTAL I 36401 6001 2401 6801 12001 401 401 401  40  80  I  401 9201  40  80|  I  I  801  I  I  I I  I  I I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I 7440|  VEGETATION-ENVIRONHENT TABLE - PART I I I - STAND ANO TREE DESCRIPTION COASTAL WESTERN HEMLOCK ZONE - DRY SUBZONE - MISSION TREE FARH FOREST ASSOCIATION: SALAL - DOUGLAS-FIR , PLOT NC.: 50  NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS  ISPECIES  I  0 1  IWESTERN HEMLOCK I WESTERN REDCEDAR I NATURAL DOUGLAS-FIR IPAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA IBITTER CHERRY I BLACK COTTONWOOD IRED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE IPACIFIC DOGWOOD I PL ANT ED DOUGLAS-FIR ILCDGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR ISITKA SPRUCE  I 80  1 1 2 1  3 1 4  1 801 40 1 401 | 60 | | | j |  1  i  1  5|  6 1  401 | | | j  40| 40| 40| | |  40 1 j | | |  !  1  401 | j | | 401  !  |J  ii  401  I NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  801 1201 1201  7 I  |  ! 401  401  40| 1601 1201  8 1  9 I 10 I 11 I 12 I 13 I 14 I 15 I 16 I 17 I 18 I 19 I  | j | | |  401 I I 801 j  801  !  !  1  |  1  601  1 801 1 1 I | 1 1201 j |  1 1 1 1 I I 1 1601 I I  | | 1 1 1 1 | 401 1 1  !  i  !  !  1  401  401 1201  401  BO I  801 I I | 2001  !  1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1  |  !  |  j  I  401 1201  1  1 1 1 1 1  401 1201  401 1601 2001 4001 4CI 3201 401 2801  |j 801  401  801  801  1 1201  1  I 1201  I  o NO. OF TREES/ACRE/HEIGHT CLASS I SPECIES  I 20 I 21 I 22 I 23 I 24 I 25 I 26 I 27 | 28 I 29 | 30 I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 36 I 37 I 38 I 39 |TOTAL I  IWESTERN HEMLOCK IWESTERN REDCEDAR INATURAL OCUGLAS-FIR 1 PAPER BIRCH IVINE MAPLE ICASCARA 1 BITTER CHERRY 1 BLACK COTTONWOOD 1 RED ALDER IWILLOW SPP. IBIG-LEAF MAPLE 1PACIFIC DOGWOOD 1 PLANTED OCUGLAS-FIR ILODGEPOLE PINE IPACIFIC SILVER FIR 1 SITKA SPRUCE  1 I I  I I I I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1  1 NO. OF TREES/HT. CLASSI  1 I I  1 1 1  1 I 1 1  1  I 1  1 1 I 1 1  1 1 1  j I 1 I  1  1  I I I 1  1  1  1 1 I  1 1 I  1 1 I I I j I I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 I I 1 I I I I 1 I I 1 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I I 1 1 I I I I I 1 1 1 1  1 1 1  1  1 1 1  1  1  1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  1  1  1 1 1 1 1 I I 1  1  1  1  1  1 I  1 1 1 1 1  1  1 1 1 1 1  1  1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 l . l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  1  1  1 1 1 I  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  1 I 1 1  1  1 1 1  I I  1 1 1  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  1  1  1  1 1 I I 1 1 1 1 1  1  1  1  1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1  I 1 I  1 1  1  1 I  1 1 1 1  1 1 1  1  1 6001 1201 1 1201 1 4001 I 2001 1 401 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 401 1 1 1 1 1 9601 1 1 1 1 1 1  1  1 24801  I I  1 1 1 1 1  1 1 1  1  1  207  APPENDIX II C h e c k l i s t of Species found i n the  Serai  Associations  208  This  checklist  the  text  and v e g e t a t i o n  and  identification  contains synthesis  of the species  the species tables.  The  i s according  discussed i n nomenclature to the following  manuals. H i t c h c o c k , C . L . , A . C r o n q u i s t , M. O w e n b y a n d J . W. T h o m p s o n . 1955-1969. Vascular p l a n t s o f the P a c i f i c Northwest. Part 5, C o m p o s i t a e , 3 4 3 p . ; P a r t 4, E r i c a c e a e t o C a m p a n u l a c e a e , 510 p . ; P a r t 3, S a x i f r a g a c e a e t o E r i c a c e a e , 614 p . ; P a r t 2, S a l i c a c e a e t o S a x i f r a g a c e a e , 579 p . ; P a r t 1, V a s c u l a r c r y p t o g r a m s , G y m n o s p e r m s a n d M o n o c o t y l e d o n s , 914 p . H i t c h c o c k , C L . a n d A. C r o n q u i s t . 1973. Flora of the P a c i f i c Northwest - an i l l u s t r a t e d manual. U n i v e r s i t y o f Washington P r e s s , S e a t t l e and London. 730 p . H u b b a r d , W.A. 1969. The g r a s s e s o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a . British C o l u m b i a P r o v i n c i a l Museum. Dept. o f R e c r e a t i o n and Conservation, Victoria. H a n d b o o k No. 9 205 p . Lawton, E. 1971. Moss f l o r a o f t h e P a c i f i c H a t t o r i Bot. Lab., Nichinan, Miyazaki, 195 p l .  Northwest. The Japan. 362 p . +  S c h o f i e l d , W. B. 1969. A s e l e c t i v e l y a n n o t a t e d c h e c k l i s t B r i t i s h Columbia mosses. S y e s i s 1:156-162.  of  . 1969. Some common m o s s e s o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a . B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a P r o v i n c i a l Museum. Dept. o f R e c r e a t i o n and C o n s e r v a t i o n , V i c t o r i a . H a n d b o o k No. 2 8 . 262 p . S z c z a w i n s k i , A. F. 1970. The H e a t h e r f a m i l y o f B r i t i s h Columbia. Second e d i t i o n . B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a P r o v i n c i a l Museum. Dept. of R e c r e a t i o n and C o n s e r v a t i o n , V i c t o r i a . H a n d b o o k No. 1 9 . 205 p . T a y l o r , T.M.C. 1966. V a s c u l a r f l o r a o f B r i t i s h preliminary checklist. Botany Dept., Univ. Columbia. 31 p . . Columbia. Recreation 172 p .  Columbia, a of British  1971. The f e r n s and f e r n - a l l i e s o f B r i t i s h B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a P r o v i n c i a l Museum. Dept. o f and Conservation, V i c t o r i a . H a n d b o o k No. 12.  209  Scientific  and Common Names to theTree Species  S c i e n t i f i c Name Abies  amabilis  Acer  oircinatum  Common Name (Dougl.) Forbes Pursh  Aoev macrophyHum Alnus  rubra  Pursh  papyrifera  Cornus  n u t t a l l i i Aud. sitohensis  Pinus  oontorta  B i g - l e a f maple Red  Betula  Marsh.  alder  Paper  birch  P a c i f i c dogwood  (Bong.) Carr. Dougl.  S i t k a spruce Lodgepole pine  Populus  tremuloides  Michx.  Quaking  Populus  trichocarpa  T. § G.  Black  Prunus  emarginata  Pseudotsuga  Rhamnus purshiana Salix  (Dougl.) Walp.  menziesii  lasiandra  (Mirb.) Franco  DC. Benth.  S a l i x soouleriana  silver f i r  Vine maple  Bong.  Picea  Pacific  Barratt  aspen cottonwood  Bitter  cherry  Douglas-fir Cascara P a c i f i c willow Scouler w i l l o w  Salix  sitohensis  Sanson  Sitka wiliow  Taxus  brevifolia  Nutt.  Western yew  Thuja  p l i o a t a Donn  Tsuga. heterophylla  Western redcedar (Raf.) Sarg.  Western  hemlock  210  Vascular Plants Aceraceae Acer  circinatum  Acer  macrophy Hum  Pursh Pursh  Araceae Ly sichitum  amerioanum  Hulten § St. John  Araliaceae Oplopanax  horridum  (Smith) Miq.  Berberidaceae Achlys  triphyIla  Berberis  aquifolium  Berber-is  nervosa  (Smith)  DC.  Pursh Pursh  Betulaceae Alnus  rubra  Betula  Bong.  papyrifera  Marsh.  Caprifoliaceae Linnaea  borealis  L.  Lonicera  involuorata  Sambucus  racemosa  (Rich.) Banks L.  Compositae Anaphalis  margaritacea  (L.) B. § H.  Cirsium  arvense  (L.) Scop.  Cirsium  vulgare  (Savi) Tenore  Crepis  capillaris  Erigeron  annuus  Hieracium Laotuca  (L.) Pers.  albiflorum  Hypochaeris  radioata  biennis  (L.) W a l l r . Hook. L.  (Moench) Fern.  211  Senecio  sylvaticus  Solidago  canadensis  L. L.  Cornaceae Cornus  canadensis  L.  Cornus  nuttallii  Aud.  Cupressaceae Thuja  p l i o a t a Donn  Cyperaceae Carex  aquatilis  Car ex deweyana  Wahl. Schw.  Carex  hendersonii  Carex  interior  Carex  mertensii  Carex  rossii  Bailey Bailey Prescott  Boott  Scirpus  cyperinus  Scirpus  microcarpus  (L.) Kunth Presl  Equisetaceae Equiset'um^  arvense  Equisetum  palustre  L. L.  Ericaceae Gaultheria  shallon  Pursh.  Ledum groenlandicum  Oeder  Menziesia  ferruginea  Smith  Vaccinium  alaskaense  Howell  Vaccinium  ovalifolium  Smith  Vaccinium  parvifolium  Smith  Fumariaceae Dicentra  formosa  (Andr.) Walp.  212  Gramineae Agrostis  exarata  Trin.  Agrostis  soabra  Willd.  Calamagrostis Danthonia  canadensis spicata  Festuca  (L.) Beauv.  occidentalis  Holcus  lanatus  Phalaris  Hook.  L.  arundinacea  Poa p a l u s t r i s  L.  Poa pratensis  L.  Trisetum  (Michx.) Beauv.  cevnuum  L.  Trin.  Grossulariaceae Ribes  lacustre  Ribes  sanguineum  (Pres.) P o i r . Pursh  Hypericaceae Eypevicum  perforatum  L.  Juncaceae Juncus  effusus  L.  Juncus  ensifolius  Juncus  tenuis  Luzula  campestris  (L.) DC.  Luzula  parviflora  (Ehrh.) Desv.  Wikst.  Willd.  Liliaceae Trillium  ovatum  Pursh  Lycopodiaceae Lycopodium  clavatum  L.  Onagraceae Circaea  alpina  L.  Epilobium  angustifolium  Epilobium  watsonii  L.  Barbey  213  Orchidaceae Goody era o b l o n g i f o l i a Raf. Pinaceae Abies  amabilis  Picea  sitchensis  Pinus  contorta  Pseudotsuga Tsuga  (Dougl.)  Forbes  (Bong.) Garr.  Dougl.  menziesii  heterophylla  (Mirb.)  Franco  (Raf.) Sarg.  Polygonaceae Rumex acetosella  L.  Polypodiaceae Athyrium  filix-femina  Bleohnum  spicant  Dryopteris Polystichum Pteridium  (L.) Roth.  austriaca  Gymnocarpium  (L.) Roth. (Jacq.) Woynar  dryopteris munitum  (L.) Newm. (Kaulf.) P r e s l  aquilinum  (L.) Kuhn  Portulacaceae Montia  sibirica  (L.) Howell  Primulaceae Trientalis  latifolia  Hook.  Ranunculaceae Actaea  rubra  (Ait.)  Willd.  Rhamnaceae Rhamnus purshiana  DC.  Rosaceae Geum macrophyllum  Willd.  214  Eolodiscus Prunus  emarginata  Pyrus Rosa  discolor  fusca  (Pursh) Maxim.  (Dougl.) Walp.  Raf.  gymnocarpa  Nutt.  Rubus  d i s c o l o r Weihe § Nees  Rubus  laciniatus  Rubus  leucodermis  Dougl.  Rubus  parviflorus  Nutt.  Rubus  spectabilis  Pursh  Rubus  ursinus  Sorbus  Willd.  Cham. § S c h l e c h t .  aucuparia  Spiraea  L.  douglasii  Hook.  Rubiaceae Galium  t r i f i d u m L.  Galium  triflorum  Michx.  Salicaceae Populus  tremuloides  Michx.  Populus  trichocarpa  T. § G.  Salix  lasiandra  Benth.  S a l i x scouleriana Salix  sitohensis  Barratt Sanson  Saxifragaceae Tiarella  t r i f o l i a t a L.  Scrophulariaceae Veronica  amerioana  Schwein.  Veronica  serpy Hi f o l i a L.  Taxaceae Taxus  b r e v i f o l i a Nutt.  Umbelliferae Oenanthe  sarmentosa  Presl  Urticaceae Uvtioa  dioioa  L.  Violaceae Viola  s empervirens  Greene  216  Bryophytes Aulacomniaceae Aulacomnium  andvogynum  (Hedw.) Schwaegr.  Brachytheeiaceae Eurhynchium  oveganum  Eurhynohium  praelongum  Isotheoium  ( S u l l . ) Jaeg. (Turn.) D i x .  stoloniferum  Brid.  Bryaceae Leptobryum  pyriforme  ~Poh.Ha nutans  (Hedw.) W i l s .  (Hedw.) Lindb.  Dicranaceae Dicvanella  heteromalla  Dicranoweisia  (Hedw.) Schimp.  civvata  (Hedw.) Lindb.  Dicranum  fusoeseens  Turn.  Dicranum  h o w e l l i i Ren. § Card.  Diavanum  tauvicum  Sapehin  Ditrichaceae Cevatodon  purpureus  Ditvichum  heteromallum  (Hedw.) B r i d . (Hedw.) B r i t t .  Grimmiaceae Rhacomitrium  caneseens  (Hedw.) B r i d .  Rhacomitrium  heterostichum  (Hedw.) B r i d .  Hylocomiaceae Hylocomium  splendens  (Hedw.) B.S.G.  menziesii  (Hook.) Steer  Mniaceae Leucolepis Mnium  lycopodioides  Schwaegr.  217  Mnium spinulosum Plagiomnium  B.S.G.  insigne  Rhizomnium  (Mitt.)  gldbrescens  Koponen  (Kindb.) Koponen  Plagiotheciaceae Isoptevygium  elegans  Plagiothecium  (Brid.)  undulatum  Lindb.  (Hedw.) B.S.G.  Polytrichaceae Oligotvichum  aligevum  Mitt.  Pogonatum  alpinum  (Hedw.) Roehl.  Pogonatum  aontovtum  (Menz. ex B r i d . ) Lesq.  Pogonatum  uvnigevum  (Hedw.) P. Beauv.  Polytvichum  commune Hedw.  Polytrichum  junipevinum  Hedw.  Pottiaceae Bavbula  sp. (Hedw.)  Rhytidiaceae Rhytidiadelphus  loreus  (Hedw.) Warnst.  Rhytidiadelphus  triquetrus  (Hedw.) Warnst.  Sphagnaceae Sphagnum  palustre  L.  Thuidiaceae Claopodium  crispifolium  (Hook.) Ren. § Card.  218  APPENDIX III A n a l y s i s of Variance  Tables  219  Table  Source  III-l.  of  Western  hemlock.  Variation  Associations Treatments/associations Error TOTAL  Table  Source  III-2.  of  Variation  Source  III-3.  of  2 5 42 49  Western redcedar  Association Treatments/associations Error TOTAL  Table  d.f.  d.f.  2 5 42 49  d.f.  Association Treatments/associations Error TOTAL  2 5 42 49  Table  trees  Source  of  6.6474 5.0200 6.5544 18.222  M.S.  3.3237 1. 0040 0.15606  F  3 .31 N. S. 6 .43 ftft  •  S.S.  4.2059 22.146 34.832 61.184  M.S.  2.1030 4.4291 0.82934  F  0 .47 N. S. 5 .34 * *  D o u g l a s -- f i r .  Variation  111 - 4.  S.S.  Coniferous  Variation  Association Treatments/associations Error TOTAL  d.f.  2 5 42 49  S.S.  2.6443 16.593 38.931 58.168  S.S,  4.6070 5.2935 5.59920 15.893  M.S.  1.3222 3. 3 1 8 5 0.92694  M.S.  2.3035 1.0587 0.14267  F  0 .40 N. s. 3 . 58 ft ft  F  2 .18 N. s. 7 .42 ft*  220  Table  Source  III-5.  of  Total  Variation  number  d.f.  2 5 42 49  Association Treatment/associations Error TOTAL  Table  Source  111-6.  of  Variation  Source  1 1 1 - 7.  of  d.f.  2 5 42 49  Established  Variation  Source  111 - 8 .  of  0.81854 3.2757 3.6046 7.6988  2 5 42 49  Established  Variation  Association Treatment/associations Error TOTAL  S.S.  5.4443 1.0874 5.3853 11.917  Western  d.f.  Association Treatment/associations Error TOTAL  Table  S.S .  regenerated  M.S.  0.40927 0. 6 5 5 1 4 0.085824  trees.  F  0 .62 N.S. 7 . 63 * *  Deciduous trees •  Association Treatment/associations Error TOTAL  Table  of naturally  2.7221 0.21748 0.12822  F 12 . 52 * * 1 .70 N.S.  hemlock.  S.S.  13.091 7.1340 14.299 34.524  Western  M.S.  M.S.  6.5454 1.4268 0.34045  F  4 . 59 N.S. 4 .19 * ft  redcedar.  d.f.  S.S.  2 5 42 49  15.623 33.266 23.777 72.666  M.S.  7.8116 6.6532 0.56611  F  1 .17 N.S. 11 .75 * ft  221  Table  III-9.  Established  Source of V a r i a t i o n  Douglas-fir,  d.f.  s .S.  M .S.  2 5 42 49  2 .4094 16. 112 42. 682 61. 203  1. 2047 3. 2224 1. 0162  Association Treatment/associations Error TOTAL  E x p l a n a t i o n o f symbols used: d.f. S.S. M.S. F N.S. ** *  -  degrees of freedom sum of squares mean square F-ration not s i g n i f i c a n t s i g n i f i c a n t at the s i g n i f i c a n t at the  level level  F 0.37 N.S. 3.17 **  22 2  APPENDIX IV Correlation Coefficients  f o r Environmental Features  DATA SUMMARY OF TREE SPECIES AND ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLESCORRELATION MATRIX i ': ROW X 1 HEMLOCK r 1.00000 CEDAR ROW X2 0.63350 1.00000. ROW X 3 .. DOUG-FIR 0.44256 •• 0.40542 CONIFERS ROW X 4 0.76565 0.97.999 TOTAL ROW X5 0.57609 0.63027 DECIDUOS ROW X 6 -0.19872 -0.04542 ALT.ITUDE ROW X 7 0.26374 0.33959 ASPECT ROW X 8' -0.00295 0.05552 ROW X 9 SLOPE 0.06086 0.10729 ROW X10 POSTONSL -0.10893 -0.26362 ROW X l l . . . SETTSIZE ' -0.13555 -0.23305 AGE ROW X12 0.21768 0.41400 DISTOSS ROW X13 -0.39824 -0.28355 DISTOSOU ROW X14 -0.34609 -0.41738 l.OOCOO ROW X15 SSOF -0.08914 -0.05623 -0.19847 I.00000 ROW X16 SSWH 0.13831 0.06283 0.25651 -0.94042 ROW X17 SSWRC -0.10210 -0.00045 -0.09261 -0.45518 ROW X18 DEPOFOM 0.28091 0.19110 -0.31842 0.15347 ROW X19 XROCK 0.24024 0. 16451 0.18530 0.26430 ROW X20 SSLASH 0.36982 0.24480 -0.27629 -0.05918 ROW X21 SMS -0.23860 0.24060 -0. 10235 0.25647 ROW X22 -0.18175 -0.07541 ROW X23 0.20233 -0.24074  -0.16559 -0.25113 JOVERBR 0.08 099 -0.14579  1.00000 0.52362  1.00000  0.33846  0.66198  1.00000  -0.10395  -0.17805  0.61968  1.00000  0.65327  0.38251  0.08238  -0.29239  1.00000  0.22696  0.02688  -0.09346  -0. 15084  0.06257  1.00000  -0.11386  0.06527  -0.14516  -0.25893  -0.08796  0.05488  1.00000  -0.42812  -0.26970  0.14376  0.47116  -0.56336  0.06249  -0.35154  1.00000  -0.40147  -0.19147  -0.29579  -0.18785  -0.26815  -0.22219  0.43949  -0.20760  1.00000  0.20612  0.39710  0.01847  -0.39157  0.24602  0.11346  -0.19100  0.00288  -0.23567  1.00000  -0.29059  -0.40536  -0.46455  -0.18542  -0.22671  0.00526  0.50318  -0.34388  0.64013  -0.25777  1.00000 .  -D.29726  -0.43488  -0.45355  -0.14006  -0. 17372  0.00922  -0.27136  0.55537  -0,23741  0.86343  0.50333  -0.04590  0.06898  0.13863  . 0.56335.  0.07191  -0.34002  -0.42967  -0.02984  -0.17013  -0.46005 I.00000  0.09022  -0.10445  -0.23160  -0. 39988  -0.11941  0.24615  0.50859  0. 19286  0.22257  -0.26392 0.12532  -0.10233 1.00000  0.07225  0.20201  -0.59662  0.10287  0.34754  -0.07814  -0.41800  -0.08645  0.13682 -0.08947  0.27956 -0.21350  -0.04860 1.00000  -0.35655  0.37582  -0.16052  -0.28901  -0.34296  0.33578  -0.22629  0.29123 -0.22372  0.25243 -0. 18536  -0.02853 0.13362  -0.30178 1.00000  0.30881  0.09114  -0.70100  0.04050  0.07264  0.12052 0.08679  0.36180 -0.05460  -0.04488 0.72398  -0.43778 0.14409  0.34575 1.00000  -0.13645  -0.33002  -0.25808  0.27179  -0.13348  0.01814 -0.25341  -0.21314 -0.08472  0.31607 -0.46381  0.63815 0.04537  -0.02508 -0.56695  -0.16680 1.00000  -0.05089  -0.02109  0.28363  -0.56578  0.22645  -0.22013 0.20231  -0.20078 0.20296  -0.23592 -0.24237  rO.09948 -0.51011  -0.38484 -0.38955  0.26718 -0.47412  -0.06455 1.00000  0.55192  -0.07811  0.25754  -0.19465  0.13900 0.04760  0.19122 0.30077  0.30600 0.06748  0.20150 -0.02743  -0.02490 0.28846  -0.08825 -0.08371  -0.34203 -0.16561  0.12194 1.00000  -0.26927  0.15040  -0.32078  :ts)  0.34179 -0.19446 0.19963 0.04463 0.07918 6.08057 0.10528  0.20784 ,  ROW X24 SNOTOVER -0.20233 -0.08099 . 0.240740.14579  -0.13900 -0.04760  -0.19122 -0.30077  -0.30600 -0.06748  -0.20150 0.02743  0.02490 -0.28846  0.08825 0.08371  0.34203-0.12194 0.16561 -1.00000  0.26927 1.00000  -0.15040  0.32078  

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