Open Collections

UBC Theses and Dissertations

UBC Theses Logo

UBC Theses and Dissertations

Computerized Daily Construction Site Reporting System (DSRS) Tse, Roger Lai Ming 1989

Your browser doesn't seem to have a PDF viewer, please download the PDF to view this item.

Item Metadata

Download

Media
831-UBC_1989_A7 T64.pdf [ 8.15MB ]
Metadata
JSON: 831-1.0062812.json
JSON-LD: 831-1.0062812-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): 831-1.0062812-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: 831-1.0062812-rdf.json
Turtle: 831-1.0062812-turtle.txt
N-Triples: 831-1.0062812-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: 831-1.0062812-source.json
Full Text
831-1.0062812-fulltext.txt
Citation
831-1.0062812.ris

Full Text

COMPUTERIZED DAILY CONSTRUCTION S I T E REPORTING SYSTEM (DSRS)  by ROGER LAI MING TSE  A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE  REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF APPLIED SCIENCE  in THE  FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES  DEPARTMENT OF C I V I L ENGINEERING  We a c c e p t to  THE  this  t h e s i s as conforming  the r e q u i r e d  standard  UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA APRIL 1989 /  ;  ©  Roger L a i M i n g T s e , 1989  In  presenting  requirements British freely that  this  available  I  agree  for  permission  or  understood  that gain  that  reference  for extensive  purposes  Department  financial  in partial  fulfilment  of  the  f o r an a d v a n c e d d e g r e e a t t h e The U n i v e r s i t y o f  Columbia,  scholarly  thesis  by  the L i b r a r y  I further  copying  this  be  granted  his  or  her  shall  be a l l o w e d  permission.  DEPARTMENT OF C I V I L ENGINEERING The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h 2075 Wesbrook P l a c e V a n c o u v e r , Canada V6T 1W5  D a t e : APRIL 1989  Columbia  of by  the  Head  of  this  without  of It  thesis my  it  agree  thesis  representatives.  or p u b l i c a t i o n not  make  and study.  may  copying  shall  for my is for  written  ABSTRACT  The  concept  construction completing filing  industry.  daily  of  dispute, to  Daily  search  site  Construction operate  as  monitoring  Site an  and paper  throughout  Systems.  With  system  facilitated,  of a  with  the  reports task  but  frequency  types,  their  targets  system.  tedious f o r the  is  further  was  entered  of  a  also  i s an  project  a project  duration,  a  of  achieving  be g e n e r a t e d .  on  and  towards  construction  information  on a  t h e DSRS  step  can claims  Daily would  t o the Scheduling  of  occurrence on  which  important  not only  was t o  based  construction  By t r a c k i n g  control  status of  thesis  (DSRS)  feedback  This and  standardization  of this  i t sconstruction  impact may  from  System  part  i n place,  activities,  scheduled  In t h e event  o f a micro-computer  immediate  monitoring  and  then  of the data  objective  Reporting  real-time this  much  this  can b e n e f i t  design  integral  t o provide  Control  and  these  Often,  The  and c o n t r o l  basis  able  through  reporting  develop a conceptual  be  s u p e r i n t e n d e n t s have been  by p e n c i l  that  to the  f o r m a t s and d e s c r i p t i o n s .  computerization.  Cost  i s n o t new  t h e company i s f a c e d  by t h e f a c t  without standard  is  reports  information.  complicated  daily  reporting  For years,  site  having  pertinent  and  site  them away a t t h e e n d o f t h e d a y .  construction task  of daily  job.  preparation individual  different  problem  productivity Examples  and  o f such  iii analysis using project  The Data  DSRS  consists  Reporting  designing  improving  them b y  collected these  in on  forms.  programmed  of  System.  involved  presented  information are provided.  this a A  collection  were  high-rise  prototype  Collection  development  testing.  thesis  local  Data  The  data  field  a  Data  f o r a micro-computer  The  of and  sample  output with  condominium Collection dBASE  and  the  forms  prepared  using  System  former  gradually reports  the  project System  a  data using  has  been  I I I PLUS.  The  current  s t a t e o f development o f t h e Data R e p o r t i n g  limited  to the design of a report generator  and  System i s  filter.  iv TABLE OF CONTENTS  L I S T OF TABLES  v i i  L I S T OF FIGURES  viii  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS  x i i  1.0  2.0  INTRODUCTION  1  1.1  Thesis Objectives  1  1.2  Assumptions  2  1.3  Research Approach  3  1.4  Thesis Structure  7  DEVELOPMENT OF THE DAILY S I T E REPORT FOR F I E L D TESTING 2.1  Daily Used  2.2  3.0  8  S i t e Reports Presently i n the Industry  Proposed D a i l y  8  S i t e Report  10  2.2.1  S i t e / Environment  Information  11  2.2.2  Work F o r c e I n f o r m a t i o n  15  2.2.3  A c t i v i t y Information  20  DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMPUTERIZED DATA COLLECTION SYSTEM  25  3.1  General C r i t e r i a  25  3.2  Development  Tools  26  3.3  Data O r g a n i z a t i o n  29  3.4  An O v e r v i e w  of the Prototype  Data C o l l e c t i o n 3.4.1 3.4.2  System  Method o fE n Da In The D a t a tt ra y P rp ou ct ess  41 41 43  V  4.0  DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMPUTERIZED DATA REPORTING SYSTEM  70  4.1  General C r i t e r i a  70  4.2  Development  71  4.3  Data Uses  Software  72  4.3.1  General Project  4.3.2  S t a t u s I n f o r m a t i o n on Individual Activities Frequency o f Occurrence o f  4.3.3  Different  4.4  5.0  Information  Problem Types  4.3.4  Additional  Information  4.3.5  Interpreting  t h e Output R e p o r t s  An O v e r v i e w o f t h e P r o p o s e d Data R e p o r t i n g System 4.4.1 Method o f D a t a R e t r i e v a l  IMPLEMENTATION 5.1  5.2  Attitude  74  84 87 92 104  128 128 138  o f Management  and S i t e P e r s o n n e l  138  Manual Data C o l l e c t i o n  139  5.2.1  The F i r s t  Phase  -  Personal Experience 5.2.2  The S e c o n d  Phase  5.3  Computerized Data C o l l e c t i o n  5.4  F e e d b a c k on O u t p u t s f r o m P r o j e c t Management 5.4.1 F e e d b a c k From t h e F i r s t P h a s e o f Manual Data C o l l e c t i o n 5.4.2 F e e d b a c k From t h e S e c o n d Phase o f Manual Data C o l l e c t i o n  139 143 144  146 146 148  vi 6.0  CONCLUSIONS  AND RECOMMENDATIONS  150  6.1  Conclusions  150  6.2  Recommendations f o r F u r t h e r R e s e a r c h  152  BIBLIOGRAPHY  157  APPENDIX A - DAILY S I T E REPORTS PRESENTLY USED IN THE INDUSTRY  162  APPENDIX B - THE INFORMATION RETRIEVAL SYSTEM (CITY OF VANCOUVER'S ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT)  167  APPENDIX C - dBASE SOURCE CODE FOR THE DATA COLLECTION SYSTEM  172  PROTOTYPE  vii L I S T OF  3.1  Relational  TABLES  F i e l d s Required  f o r Proper Data R e l a t i o n  39  4.1a  Output S p e c i f i c a t i o n s  1  136  4.1b  Output S p e c i f i c a t i o n s 2  137  viii L I S T OF  FIGURES  2.1  S i t e / Environment Information  2.2  Work F o r c e  2.3  Activity  3.1  Two  3.2  Data Storage  3.3  Field  Information  Information  Different  and  Form  Form  16  Form  Data Storage  21 Schemes  Organization  Definitions  for  12  31 32  dsr_head.dbf  p r o j name, d b f  32  3.4  Field  Definitions  for sitecond.dbf  33  3.5  Field  Definitions  f o r unusual.dbf  33  3.6  Field  Definitions  f o r wkfcinfo.dbf  34  3.7  Field  Definitions  for delivery.dbf  35  3.8  Field  Definitions  f o r eqipment.dbf  35  3.9  Field  Definitions  for accident.dbf  36  3.10  Field  Definitions  for actyinfo.dbf  36  3.11  Field  Definitions  for actydlay.dbf  37  3.12  Field  Definitions  for inspects.dbf  37  3.13  Field  Definitions  for tests.dbf  37  3.14  Flowchart  o f the Data E n t r y  Process  (Screen-By-Screen) Job  44  3.15  Basic Daily  Information Screen  3.16  S i t e Conditions Screen  47  3.17  U n u s u a l D e v e l o p m e n t Prompt  49  3.18  S t r i k e s / J o b A c t i o n s Prompt  49  3.19  Potential  51  3.20  Overall  3.21  Disputes  P r o b l e m s Prompt  Job  Delays  Prompt  Prompt  47  51 52  ix  3.22  Other  U n u s u a l D e v e l o p m e n t s Prompt  3.23  Unusual Developments Screen  53  3.24  Additional  53  3.25  Updating  3.26  Work F o r c e  Information  3.27a  Work F o r c e  Information Screen  1  57  3.27b  Work F o r c e  Information Screen  2  57  3.28  D e l i v e r y I n f o r m a t i o n Prompt  59  3.29  D e l i v e r y Information Screen  59  3.30  E q u i p m e n t U s a g e Prompt  60  3.31  E q u i p m e n t Usage S c r e e n  60  3.32  Accident Information  Prompt  62  3.33  Accident Information Screen  62  3.34  Activity  63  3.35  Reasons f o r U n s a t i s f a c t o r y Rate  E n t r y Prompt  Menu  52  54 Prompt  54  Information Screen  o f P r o d u c t i o n Menu  63  3.36  Delay  / Rework I n f o r m a t i o n S c r e e n  3.37  Additional  3.38  I n s p e c t i o n L o g Prompt  66  3.39  I n s p e c t i o n Log Screen  66  3.40  T e s t i n g L o g Prompt  67  3.41  T e s t i n g Log Screen  67  3.42  Additional Activity  4.1a  P r e c i p i t a t i o n v s . Time  75  4.1b  Temperature v s . Time  75  4.2a  S i t e Access  77  4.2b  S i t e Storage  E n t r y Prompt  Prompt  v s . Time C o n d i t i o n v s . Time  64 64  69  77  X  4.2c  G r o u n d C o n d i t i o n s v s . Time  78  4.2d  S i t e C o n d i t i o n s T e x t Supplement  79  4.3a  Manpower U s a g e v s . Time  81  4.3b  Crew S k i l l  L e v e l v s . Time  81  4.3c  Manpower I n f o r m a t i o n T e x t S u p p l e m e n t  82  4.4  E q u i p m e n t U s a g e v s . Time  85  4.5a  Daily Activity  86  4.5b  Summary A c t i v i t y  4.6a  Daily Activity  4.6b  Summary A c t i v i t y  4.7  Activity  4.8  Frequency Unusual  4.9 4.10  Status Report Status Report  Problems  88  Report  Problems  89  Report  90  Work P a t t e r n  91  o f Occurrence Report f o r Developments a t t h e S i t e L e v e l  Frequency o f Occurrence Report f o r A c t i v i t y Delay Problems Drawings A v a i l a b i l i t y  ..  93 96  Report  ( f o r a P a r t i c u l a r Trade)  99  4.11  Material  4.12a  I n s p e c t i o n Report  103  4.12b  T e s t i n g Report  103  4.13  D a i l y S i t e Report  4.14a  Variance Analysis of A c t i v i t y by P r o b l e m T y p e Variance Analysis of A c t i v i t y  4.14b  D e l i v e r y Report  by P r o b l e m  ( H a r d Copy)  105 Problems 108 Problems  Source  110  4.14bi  Sample R e s p o n s i b i l i t y  4.14bii  Modified Activity  4.14biii  M o d i f i e d Delay / Rework I n f o r m a t i o n S c r e e n Variance Analysis of A c t i v i t y by A f f e c t e d A c t i v i t y  4.14c  101  Codes  I l l  I n f o r m a t i o n Form  112  113 Problems 114  xi  4.14d 4.15a 4.15b 4.15bi  Variance Analysis of A c t i v i t y by A f f e c t e d T r a d e  Problems 116  Variance A n a l y s i s o f Unusual by P r o b l e m T y p e  Developments  Variance A n a l y s i s o f Unusual by P r o b l e m S o u r c e  Developments  Modified Site /  116 117  Environment  I n f o r m a t i o n Form  118  4.15bii  M o d i f i e d Unusual Developments  4.16  Activity  4.17a  Cumulative Concrete Poured v s . C u m u l a t i v e Manpower E x p e n d e d Cumulative Concrete Poured v s . Cumulative Manpower E x p e n d e d w i t h O v e r l a i d P r o b l e m Indicators  125  C u m u l a t i v e C o n c r e t e P o u r e d v s . Time w i t h O v e r l a i d Problem I n d i c a t o r s  125  4.17b  4.18 4.19  Screen  Interruptions Analysis  119 121  124  Methods A v a i l a b l e f o r Measuring Q u a n t i t i e s  127  4.20  D a t a R e p o r t i n g S y s t e m M a i n Menu  129  4.21a  W e a t h e r I n f o r m a t i o n Sub-Menus  129  4.21b  S i t e C o n d i t i o n s Sub-Menu  130  4.21c  Unusual Developments  130  4.2Id  Work F o r c e I n f o r m a t i o n Sub-Menu  131  4.21e  Activity  131  4.21f  Q u a l i t y C o n t r o l Sub-Menu  132  4.21g  V a r i a n c e A n a l y s e s Sub-Menu  132  4.21h  C o r r e l a t i o n s Sub-Menu  133  5.1  Sample D a i l y Phase  Sub-Menu  I n f o r m a t i o n Sub-Menus  S i t e Report f o r t h e Second  o f Manual  6.1  A Complete  6.2  Activity  Data C o l l e c t i o n  P i c t u r e o f t h e DSRS  Breakdown a n d S e q u e n c i n g  145 153 154  xii  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS  I  want  t o express  my  my  supervisor,  f o r h i s valuable  Russell, and  encouragement  sincere  throughout  appreciate his efforts  my  valuable  suggestions  are  e x t e n d e d t o D r . W.F. C a s e l t o n  Natural  Sciences  providing graduate  the  carry  out f i e l d  practical  A  Construction  testing  this  extended  enabled of  on t h e i r  My  thesis.  to the  Council me  to  British  Ltd.  thanks  for  pursue  Columbia.  f o rallowing  project  me  and p r o v i d i n g  feedback.  special  colleagues  which  greatly  t h i s t h e s i s and  Research  at the University  Thanks a l s o t o J.C. S c o t t to  gratefully  guidance  I  f o r reviewing  Engineering  scholarship  studies  studies.  t o improve t h e c o n t e n t .  i s most  and  t o D r . A.D.  advice,  and time i n r e v i e w i n g  the  Acknowledgement  gratitude  who  thank have  you  given  encouragement d u r i n g t h i s  me  to  professors,  valuable  study.  advice,  friends  and  support  and  1  INTRODUCTION  1.0  For their  centuries,  daily  builders their "men  job  of  the  quota nor  of  straw  historic  progress.  bricks for  tombs  (pottery detailing  reveal  "daily  equivalent  to  owners  record  daily  log."[41:178] diaries  has  record  the  original  be  used t o  construction  neither Other  day  of  on  memo  pads), idle"  in  today's  contractors  some  and  type  of  daily  purpose  of  these  i t i s to  explain  the  potsherd  "days  underlying  same; and  making  found.  sheets"  successful in  the  workmen  and  progress the  the  w h i c h may  any  provide  a  good  deviations  from  plan.  THESIS OBJECTIVES Today's  have  fact,  remained  job  1.1  In  job  of  were  Likewise,  "both  of  having  be  modern  worked"  industry,  "men  that  work  [2:154],[reference!:page#]. construction  as  can  track  records  officials  bricks"  documents  "days  such  and  producing  fragments  Egyptian  remarks  daily"  scribbled  have been k e e p i n g  From  pyramids,  Egyptian  ancient  constructors  caught  s t u d y has  leaders the  wave  predicted  in  the  of  micro-computerization.  that  construction  within  the  next  industry  five  In to  ten  seem fact,  to a  years,  2 it  i s i n e v i t a b l e t h a t almost every  be  supported  The design  a  Reporting specific  1.2  of this  t h e s i s i s t o develop  micro-computer  System  (DSRS) .  based The  objectives of this  Daily  following  a  conceptual  Construction is a  list  Site  of the  study:  1)  To identify and justify important construction i n f o r m a t i o n t h a t c a n be r e a s o n a b l y c o l l e c t e d on a d a i l y b a s i s (eg. i n f o r m a t i o n f o r f u t u r e e s t i m a t i o n , factors affecting productivity, information for p r o j e c t m o n i t o r i n g and c o n t r o l , e t c . ) ;  2)  To d e s i g n a s e t o f s h o r t and c o n c i s e recording the daily s i t e information;  3)  To t e s t the data collection forms i n the f i e l d (which w i l l i n c l u d e t h e documentation o f r e s i s t a n c e to implementation o f such a system from site personnel);  4)  To d e s i g n a micro-computer based Data Collection S y s t e m ( a c c e p t and s t o r e d a t a ) t h a t w i l l facilitate automated u p d a t i n g o f t h e S c h e d u l i n g System and/or Cost Control System (hence enabling real time m o n i t o r i n g and c o n t r o l o f t h e j o b ) ; and  5)  T o o u t l i n e what c a n b e e x t r a c t e d from t h e c o l l e c t e d and t o d e s i g n a micro-computer based R e p o r t i n g System f o r such o u t p u t s .  forms f o r  data Data  ASSUMPTIONS Designing  is  will  t o some d e g r e e b y o n s i t e m i c r o - c o m p u t e r s . [ 2 2 : 2 ]  purpose of  construction project  similar  a computerized  to writing  identify  h i s or  intended  users  a  information  management  t e c h n i c a l paper  her  audience  i n this  case,  first.  i n that The  are general  system  one  audience,  contractors  must or and  3 construction jobs  on  a  managers,  day-to-day  namely basis  people  and w i l l  who  run construction  benefit  from  such  a  system.  O t h e r a s s u m p t i o n s made w h i c h u n d e r l i e t h i s  1.3  thesisare:  1)  T h e DSRS i s d e s i g n e d f o r g e n e r a l c o n t r a c t o r s and c o n s t r u c t i o n managers who a r e a l r e a d y e m p l o y i n g some form o f d a i l y s i t e r e p o r t i n g . That i s , t h e idea behind t h i s t h e s i s i s not t o convince these people t h a t a d a i l y s i t e report i s important because i t would be b e n e f i c i a l i n c l a i m s s i t u a t i o n s and would keep t h e i r superintendents on t h e i r toes, e t c . . Instead, the i n t e n t i o n o f t h i s t h e s i s i s t o explore the p o t e n t i a l uses o f t h e information i n a d a i l y s i t e r e p o r t by r e p r e s e n t i n g and a n a l y z i n g i t i n a computer environment;  2)  T h e i m p l e m e n t a t i o n o f t h e DSRS w i l l not require additional manpower at the site level. The superintendent w i l l be r e s p o n s i b l e f o r c o m p l e t i n g the r e p o r t as i n t h e past. The s t o r e d i n f o r m a t i o n will be a n a l y z e d a t t h e head office by p r o j e c t management; a n d  3)  T h e DSRS c a n b e o p e r a t e d w i t h o r i n d e p e n d e n t l y from the other information sub-systems (eg. Scheduling S y s t e m a n d C o s t C o n t r o l System) o f t h e company's management i n f o r m a t i o n s y s t e m .  RESEARCH APPROACH Typically,  a  (conceptualization reviewing packages  research of  a  the literature directly  project  software  on t h e t o p i c o f d a i l y  is  (with  the exception  this  type  i s initiated available  t o the subject.  literature scarce  system)  and c o m m e r c i a l l y  related  of  software  Unfortunately,  construction site  of a handful  by  reporting  o f CE 520 c l a s s  4 projects  from  Likewise,  there  construction system  such  contain  the  a  are  industry  very  It  the user  etc.)  that  deal  daily  issues  review  of  has s u r f a c e d .  place  emphasis  Instead,  on r e c o r d i n g  job  and t h e i r n e g a t i v e  and  lost  time)  acquire the  a great  information data  areas.  item,  But  i n on a p r o b l e m  this after  lost  man-hours  analyses  c a n be p e r f o r m e d  minor  deviations  from  problems.  daily  Daily companies  items  were  o f documented  construction  deal of input  research.  construction  information  f a s h i o n so t h a t f o r e c a s t i n g  prevent  f o r the lack  of  visitors.  by v e n d o r , by  (eg. estimated  and  subject  construction  by t h e  immediately  the  Inc.) does  t h e problems encountered  problems and v a r i a n c e  remedy  A  should  of p o t e n t i a l  The  issue.  and  reporting  the  system  i n a standardized  becoming s e r i o u s  on  a l l of the  problem  a daily  effects  thereby  this  materials,  focus  for  Systems,  (eg. by date,  a c t u a l l y means t h a t one c a n o n l y it  with  report  together  Columbia).  systems  solely  field-force,  f o r immediate  British  (by P r i m a v e r a  to link  to specific  of  commercial  general  equipment,  related  no  as E x p e d i t i o n  activity, allows  University  site  reporting  from t h e f i e l d  site were  selected  t o be c o l l e c t e d b y t h e DSRS.  reports analyzed to  form  information was  on to  at the start of from  different  and the basis  specific of the  Then, t h e f o l l o w i n g  steps  were t a k e n t o c a r r y o u t t h e r e s e a r c h : 1)  Data c o l l e c t i o n  f o r m s were d e s i g n e d  (for testing the  5 i n f o r m a t i o n t o be c o l l e c t e d and f o r g a t h e r i n g data for the exploration of potential outputs and analyses) with careful consideration of how the information should be grouped t o facilitate easy information r e t r i e v a l i n the f u t u r e . O n l y t h e most significant information items (eg. anything that c a u s e d p r o b l e m s t o j o b p r o g r e s s and performance) were s e l e c t e d f o r t h e d a i l y s i t e r e p o r t b e c a u s e t h e superintendent should not be bombarded with u n n e c e s s a r y paperwork; 2)  The d a t a c o l l e c t i o n f o r m s were t e s t e d i n t h e field w i t h a l o c a l c o n s t r u c t i o n company on a p r e - s e l e c t e d type of project (so that these forms could be t a i l o r e d t o the job f o r e f f i c i e n t data collection d u r i n g t e s t i n g ) - J . C. S c o t t C o n s t r u c t i o n L t d . was recommended by Dr. A l a n R u s s e l l , my s u p e r v i s o r , f o r f i e l d t e s t i n g of the proposed d a i l y s i t e r e p o r t i n g system since the two parties had already been engaged in construction management research for several years. At the time of t h i s study, J . C. S c o t t C o n s t r u c t i o n was a medium-sized construction management and g e n e r a l c o n t r a c t i n g f i r m . I t was an experienced non-union residential high-rise contractor i n the local market. Under general contracting, i t usually subcontracted out a p p r o x i m a t e l y 80% o f i t s work by money. The p r o j e c t selected for this field t e s t i n g was a general contracting high-rise condominium job at 2020 Highbury. T h i s p a r t i c u l a r p r o j e c t was chosen f o r two r e a s o n s . F i r s t l y , i t was o n l y t e n m i n u t e s away from t h e U n i v e r s i t y of British C o l u m b i a by car. T h i s p r o x i m i t y was v e r y s i g n i f i c a n t b e c a u s e i t was agreed with the company t h a t the superintendent would not have t o f i l l out t h e d a i l y r e p o r t s h i m s e l f w h i c h meant t h a t I had t o c o n d u c t d a t a c o l l e c t i o n on s i t e everyday. S e c o n d l y , t h e commencement o f t h i s project coincided with the initiation of field t e s t i n g for t h i s research. And, i t was thought to be more c o n v e n i e n t t o i m p l e m e n t a new s y s t e m a t t h e s t a r t of a p r o j e c t instead of i n the middle of i t . Furthermore, s i n c e the r a t e of production at the front end of the project ("coming out of the g r o u n d " ) o f t e n v a r i e d g r e a t l y f r o m j o b t o j o b , some o f t h e t y p i c a l p r o b l e m a r e a s c o u l d be c a p t u r e d with the proposed d a i l y s i t e r e p o r t s ;  3)  U p d a t i n g was f a c i l i t a t e d with a l i s t of a c t i v i t i e s to serve as a checklist. This checklist was a v a i l a b l e s i n c e t h e p r o j e c t had a l r e a d y b e e n s c o p e d and s c h e d u l e d ;  4)  Field  data  were  obtained  from  the  site  6 superintendent; 5) The d a t a c o l l e c t i o n f o r m s were i m p r o v e d continually (content and method of data collection) with feedback from t h e s i t e s u p e r i n t e n d e n t ; 6) M e a n w h i l e i n the office, databases were being s t r u c t u r e d on dBASE I I I P l u s i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e d a t a c o l l e c t i o n forms. Then, t h e D a t a Collection S y s t e m was d e s i g n e d t o i n c l u d e some o f t h e f e a t u r e s as o u t l i n e d i n t h e CE 520 c l a s s r e p o r t s a n d a s c o n c e i v e d d u r i n g t h e course o f t h e r e s e a r c h (eg. d i f f e r e n t system c o n f i g u r a t i o n s such a s : Turn-around Document C o n c e p t , D i r e c t Computer I n p u t w i t h H a r d C o p i e s Output, e t c . were c o n s i d e r e d ) . Since t h i s s y s t e m was d e s i g n e d f o r s i t e i m p l e m e n t a t i o n a n d t o be operated by site personnel (who were not necessarily computer inclined), user-friendliness was one o f t h e k e y c o n s i d e r a t i o n s d u r i n g t h e d e s i g n o f t h e system; 7) A p r e l i m i n a r y i m p l e m e n t a t i o n o f t h e D a t a S y s t e m was programmed on dBASE I I I PLUS;  Collection  8) T e n weeks o f f i e l d d a t a were c o l l e c t e d t o e n s u r e that there would be sufficient information f o r a n a l y s i s purposes; 9) The d a t a c o l l e c t i o n f o r m s were c a r e f u l l y e x a m i n e d t o s e e what i n f o r m a t i o n c o u l d be e x t r a c t e d f r o m t h e database and what management f u n c t i o n s t h e y would serve. L i t e r a t u r e r e v i e w was c a r r i e d o u t a g a i n f o r additional ideas; 10) B o t h t e x t a n d g r a p h i c a l o u t p u t s were c o n s i d e r e d . S i n c e g r a p h i c a l o u t p u t s were n o t a v a i l a b l e on dBASE I I I PLUS, an a d d i t i o n a l s o f t w a r e p a c k a g e was n e e d e d . L o t u s 1-2-3 was employed f o r t h i s p u r p o s e . Only very crude p r o g r a m s were w r i t t e n t o demonstrate these outputs (because t h e purpose of this thesis was system c o n c e p t u a l i z a t i o n and not software production). N e v e r t h e l e s s , two c l a s s e s o f r e p o r t s were p r o p o s e d : i ) D i r e c t Reports - straight data echoing; i i ) Analyzed Reports required data p r o c e s s i n g b e f o r e d a t a were p r e s e n t e d ; a n d 11) A c o m p l e t e p i c t u r e o f t h e DSRS was o u t l i n e d t o show how t h e D a t a C o l l e c t i o n a n d R e p o r t i n g S y s t e m s w o u l d work t o g e t h e r .  7  1.4  THESIS STRUCTURE Presented  in  conceptualization would  o p e r a t e as  monitoring daily is  basis  able  Cost  and  The  of an  the  integral  control  throughout  Systems.  thesis  is  micro-computer part  system.  a  based  detailed DSRS  of a construction  By  tracking  i t s construction  t o p r o v i d e immediate  Control  emphasis  this  feedback  In a d d i t i o n ,  which  project  a project  duration,  the  on  a  DSRS  t o t h e S c h e d u l i n g and  t h e DSRS p l a c e s  special  on c l a i m s and v a r i a n c e a n a l y s e s .  remainder of the t h e s i s  i s structured  as  follows:  . Chapter 2 - o u t l i n e s the information items that s h o u l d be c o l l e c t e d by t h e d a i l y site report and organizes them in data c o l l e c t i o n forms t h a t a r e s u i t a b l e f o r field testing; . Chapter 3 - c o n c e p t u a l i z e s the micro-computer based Data C o l l e c t i o n System and p r e s e n t s a p r o t o t y p e i m p l e m e n t a t i o n on dBASE I I I PLUS ; . C h a p t e r 4 - p r o v i d e s sample o u t p u t s f r o m t h e d a t a collected during f i e l d t e s t i n g of the d a t a c o l l e c t i o n f o r m s and c o n c e p t u a l i z e s the micro-computer based Data R e p o r t i n g System; . Chapter 5 - describes the process of implementing the d a t a c o l l e c t i o n forms i n t h e field and p r o v i d e s feedback on the sample o u t p u t s f r o m t h e p r o j e c t management o f J . C. S c o t t C o n s t r u c t i o n ; and . C h a p t e r 6 - summarizes t h e f i n d i n g s o f t h e r e s e a r c h and the shortcomings of the proposed system. As well, i t provides recommendations f o r f u t u r e r e s e a r c h .  8  DEVELOPMENT OF THE  2.0  DAILY SITE REPORT FOR FIELD TESTING  The the  purpose  important  reasonably site  this  the  are  2.1  on  identification is  i n the  of  suitable for field  production  and  identify  information  such  organized  items  i s to  a daily basis.  p r e s e n t l y used  information  f o r the  chapter  construction  information  that  this  collected  reports  facilitate  of  To  begin  information data  implementation  o f sample  that  format;  justify can  with,  industry are  into  report  and  daily  examined  to  items.  Then  collection  forms  ( j u s t i f i c a t i o n of and  collect  data  outputs).  DAILY SITE REPORTS PRESENTLY USED IN THE INDUSTRY T o d a y , most c o n s t r u c t i o n c o m p a n i e s h a v e some f o r m  daily  be  site log  reports  attempt  (see Appendix A ) . to  record  seems  The to  information be  common  to  that  of  a  these  a l l ; this  includes: 1)  Identification D a t e , Weather, Entered By;  2)  Work A c c o m p l i s h e d on  3)  Manpower on site Subcontractors;  Information Temperature, that  such as: Job Number, H o u r s Worked, and Data  Date;  including  Own  Labour  Forces  and  9  4)  Equipment Usage;  5)  Deliveries  6)  Visitors;  7)  V e r b a l D i s c u s s i o n s and/or I n s t r u c t i o n s O r i g i n a t e d t h a t D a t e ) ; and  8)  Unusual Developments (eg. Delays, Strikes, etc.) Information.  It  i s very  designing the  to  from  point,  construction might  be  longest  site  of and  the  of  piece  of  value; most  therefore,  complete has  is  data  the  should  included recorded  in  for  the such  of  approach  justification. event  would  prefer yes;  site  determining  daily  site  that  i t  is  will  a  the in  money)  reporting. valuable  essential  what  report  but  and  analyzed; thus, i t  of  information  (time  daily  Therefore,  criteria  checklist  Ideally,  of  i s o f t e n not  of  the  management  task  task  collected  checklist.  lost.  some  in  l i m i t e d resources  allocated to  Shortages, Pertinent  this  information  every  establish  analysis.  issue  However,  claim,  Furthermore, t h i s  be  reports.  Changes  with the  summary  that  be  should  a  argue  that  be  make  might  management  information  to  (eg.  Problems, and Other  one  reality, can  log  these  overlook  this  Drawings, e t c . ) ;  e a s y t h e n f o r someone f a c e d  daily  headings  seems At  a  (eg. M a t e r i a l s ,  to  information and  how  they  facilitate  data  10 2.2  PROPOSED DAILY S I T E REPORT It  should  presented tool for do  be  i n this  made  clear  section  that  the daily  i s not intended  site  report  t o be a  working  f o r t h e superintendent; but, i t i s merely system development.  away  with  written  an  instrument  The u l t i m a t e g o a l o f t h e DSRS i s t o reports  a n d work  directly  with  the  computer.  The  criteria  1) The t o t a l by p e n c i l  chosen f o r t h e d e s i g n o f t h e r e p o r t a r e : time t h a t i t takes t o complete t h e r e p o r t a n d p a p e r s h o u l d b e l e s s t h a n 15 m i n u t e s ;  2) T h e i n f o r m a t i o n r e q u e s t e d b y t h e f o r m s s h o u l d b e a s s p e c i f i c as p o s s i b l e i n s t e a d o f b e i n g unformatted [18:5]; 3) F i e l d r e s p o n s e s s h o u l d b e a s s i m p l e a s p o s s i b l e a n d i n a form t h a t c a n be a n a l y z e d ( f o r example, u s e s t a n d a r d responses such a s : yes/no, p o o r / f a i r / g o o d , e t c . ; b u t one s h o u l d f o c u s on q u a n t i t a t i v e r e s p o n s e s where p o s s i b l e a n d m i n i m i z e s u b j e c t i v e r e s p o n s e s ) ; 4)  The f i e l d s will be g e n e r o u s l y spaced t o allow comments where n e c e s s a r y ( b e c a u s e i t i s o f t e n v e r y d i f f i c u l t t o g e t someone t o w r i t e more i n f o r m a t i o n than t h e space a l l o w s [18:5]);  5) D a t a c o l l e c t e d i n l o s t time;  should  identify  job factors  6) U n n e c e s s a r y or non-applicable questions p a s s e d o v e r by keyword r e s p o n s e s ;  resulting can  be  7) R e p o r t i n g makes u s e o f e x i s t i n g r e s o u r c e s o n l y , t h a t i s , no new p e r s o n n e l a r e r e q u i r e d f o r t h i s t a s k ; 8) The f i e l d s s h o u l d b e c a t e g o r i z e d a n d s t r u c t u r e d i n a l o g i c a l f a s h i o n t o f a c i l i t a t e d a t a i n p u t ; and 9) T h e i n f o r m a t i o n c o l l e c t e d s h o u l d b e p r o j e c t s p e c i f i c (eg. s i n c e l a b o u r t u r n o v e r i s n o t v e r y s i g n i f i c a n t i n n o n - r e p e t i t i v e c o n s t r u c t i o n , i t c o u l d be e x c l u d e d from t h e d a i l y s i t e r e p o r t ) .  11  W i t h t h e above g u i d e l i n e s superintendents the  S i t e / Environment  2)  Work F o r c e I n f o r m a t i o n ;  3)  Activity  i s the f i r s t  covers general  report  from  site  consisting of  designed:  Information; and  Information.  S I T E / ENVIRONMENT  i n the daily  site  t y p e s o f f o r m s were  1)  This  is  [16 & 1 9 ] , a d a i l y  following three  2.2.1  out  and some r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s  site  site  INFORMATION  form  (see Figure  report.  2.1) t o b e  filled  As s u g g e s t e d by t h e t i t l e , i t  and environment  information.  This  form  information  for  b r o k e n down i n t o 4 s e c t i o n s : 1)  Report I d e n t i f i c a t i o n ;  2)  Weather  3)  S i t e Conditions;  4)  Unusual  Information; and  Developments.  Report I d e n t i f i c a t i o n This report  section  consists  identification,  No.  basic  job  namely:  . Project - o f f i c i a l head o f f i c e ; . Project office;  of  project  - project  number  name  as  registered  as r e g i s t e r e d  . D a t e - t h e d a t e o f t h e r e p o r t ; and  at  a t head  SITE  /  ENVIRONMENT  INFORMATION  Initials:  Project: P r o j e c t No. : Date: Superintendent:  Weather  (AM): c l e a r / c l o u d y / r a i n y / s n o w y ; (PM): c l e a r / c l o u d y / r a i n y / s n o w y ;  Temperature  (Hi/Lo):  Precipitation:  /  other other °C  mm  Wind:  Kph  Site Conditions: . Access to S i t e : poor/fair/good . Storage  on S i t e : p o o r / f a i r / g o o d  . Ground C o n d i t i o n s : p o o r / f a i r / g o o d Estimated Unusual Developments: yes/no  Time L o s t  . S t r i k e s / J o b A c t i o n s : yes/no  (  days)  . Potential  (  days)  . D e l a y s : yes/no  (  days)  . D i s p u t e s : yes/no  (  davs^  f  days)  . Others  Figure  2.1  Problems: yes/no  ;  - S i t e / Environment Information  Form  13 . S u p e r i n t e n d e n t - t h e name o f t h e h e a d s u p e r i n t e n d e n t who i s a l s o r e s p o n s i b l e f o r c o m p l e t i n g t h e r e p o r t . Weather  Information  This  section  is  job  specific.  weather t h a t would have an impact might n o t a f f e c t high-rise  tunneling.  For  example,  poor  on h i g h - r i s e c o n s t r u c t i o n  The i t e m s  listed  below a p p l y t o  construction projects:  . W e a t h e r - due t o t h e o f t e n u n s e t t l e d c l i m a t e i n t h i s region (west coast o f Canada), both AM a n d PM w e a t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n s h o u l d be r e c o r d e d . To m i n i m i z e w r i t i n g and t o e s t a b l i s h a s t a n d a r d language f o r t h e report, multiple choices have been pre-printed (clear/cloudy/rainy/snowy) on the form. If n e c e s s a r y , f u r t h e r d e s c r i p t i o n may b e e n t e r e d u n d e r other. T h e s e o b s e r v a t i o n s s h o u l d b e made b y t h e s u p e r i n t e n d e n t on s i t e ; . Temperature - both H i ' s and L o ' s a r e n e c e s s a r y because, f o r example, t h e former might affect p r o d u c t i v i t y and t h e l a t t e r might i n f l u e n c e c o n c r e t e curing; . Precipitation the effects of rain on a construction site are obvious; i t s damages r a n g e from s i m p l e a c t i v i t y d e l a y s t o c r e a t i n g i m p o s s i b l e w o r k i n g c o n d i t i o n s ( e s p e c i a l l y when t h e p r o j e c t i s "coming o u t o f t h e ground"); and . Wind - t h i s construction c r a n e may b e s h u t t i n g down Temperature, from on  d a t a s h o u l d be r e c o r d e d f o r h i g h - r i s e because under h i g h winds, t h e tower inoperable f o r s a f e t y reasons, thereby work on many a c t i v i t i e s .  Precipitation,  the local  weather  s i t e v i a automatic  Site  a n d Wind  station,  data  c a n be  obtained  newspaper,  o r even  directly  weather r e c o r d i n g s t a t i o n s . [ 1 3 : 2 1 ]  Conditions Information  causes  regarding s i t e  of job delays.  quantifiable  i n t o time  conditions can o f t e n e x p l a i n  However, lost.  they  may  n o t be  The more p r a c t i c a l  readily  approach i s  14 to  subjectively  and site  rate  a l l o w comment conditions  spaces  and  most s i g n i f i c a n t  these  site  conditions  for describing  what a c t i v i t i e s  site  (poor/fair/good)  the  they  features  affect.  of  The  the  three  conditions are:  . Access to S i t e - should consider p u b l i c or p r i v a t e a c c e s s roads t o t h e s i t e as w e l l as a c t u a l a c c e s s i n t o t h e s i t e (eg. d i r t ramps); . S t o r a g e on S i t e - s h o u l d c o n s i d e r a c c e s s t o areas, their organization as well as s u f f i c i e n c y [ 4 4 : 3 2 - 3 6 ] ; and  these space  . Ground C o n d i t i o n s - t h i s i s o f t e n a major c o n c e r n p r i o r t o t h e c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e s l a b on g r a d e . For example, c h u r n e d up s o i l may be d i f f i c u l t t o t r a v e l on f o r b o t h m a c h i n e and men. Unusual  Developments  This  section  project  level.  whether  or  not  circling  yes  section  is  concerns  First  a l l , the  t h e r e were u n u s u a l or  no.  If  skipped  superintendent  of  unusual  must  the  developments  choice But  determine  which  the unusual  yes  after  the  and  an E s t i m a t e d Time L o s t  is  i f  development(s)  a p p r o p r i a t e item,  at  superintendent  over.  categories  developments  no, i t  one  that  of  belong  f o l l o w e d by  the  the  circling  description  pickets,  - any i s s u e s o r e v e n t s t h a t problems;  other unusual  might  the e n t i r e job;  . D i s p u t e s - u n s e t t l e d matters which a t t e n t i o n o r i n v e s t i g a t i o n ; and - any  entire  following  t o by a  by  i f possible:  . D e l a y s - any d e l a y s t h a t a f f e c t  . Others  day  yes,  . S t r i k e s / J o b A c t i o n s - walkouts, lockouts, g o v e r n m e n t s t o p work n o t i c e s , e t c . ; . P o t e n t i a l Problems escalate into real  decides  this is  the  deserve  developments  not  further  covered  15 by  t h e above c a t e g o r i e s .  O t h e r w i s e , no i s c i r c l e d a f t e r  2.2.2  WORK FORCE The  is  next  INFORMATION  form t o be completed  t h e Work F o r c e  collects  Information  information  number o f t i m e s number  this  of trades  following  t h e item.  on  i n the daily  (see F i g u r e  regarding  one t r a d e  f o r m must b e f i l l e d site  that  day.  site  2.2). only.  report  This  form  Hence, t h e  o u t d e p e n d s on t h e  F o r each  trade,  the  information are requested:  1)  Trade I d e n t i f i c a t i o n  2)  Manpower  3)  Drawings A v a i l a b i l i t y ;  4)  Delivery  5)  E q u i p m e n t U s a g e ; and  6) A c c i d e n t  Information;  Information;  Information;  Information.  Trade I d e n t i f i c a t i o n This  and G e n e r a l  section  and G e n e r a l covers  the  Information following  basic  trade  information: . T r a d e - f o r i d e n t i f i c a t i o n . I n d i c a t e own f o r c e o r s u b t r a d e t h e n t h e o f f i c i a l t r a d e name a s r e g i s t e r e d a t head o f f i c e ; . C o n t r a c t Awarded - y e s , no, o r h o u r l y r e s p o n s e i s requested t o i n d i c a t e the contractual status of the trade. I f t h e s t a t u s i s no, t h i s d o c u m e n t a t i o n may be u s e d t o s u b s t a n t i a t e b a c k c h a r g e s o r c l a i m s f o r work p e r f o r m e d o u t s i d e o f t h e c o n t r a c t ( t h e k e y word here i s s u b s t a n t i a t e ; a c t u a l backcharging data w i l l  16 WORK FORCE INFORMATION  Trade:  own  Contract Work  force/subtrade  Awarded:  Available:  Total  No.  I n i t i a l s :  of  yes/no/hourly  yes/no  Men:  .  S k i l l  .  Sufficient  .  Turnover:  (foreman/other)  Level: to  /  poor/fair/good Meet  Job  Conditions:  yes/no  .  yes/no Ref.  Drawings  Available:  yes/no  (  )  poor/fair/good  (  )  (  )  .  Quality:  .  Detailing:  Deliveries:  inadequate/adequate  yes/no  Description  Equipment  Usage  Supplier/ Invoice #  (for  Description  Accidents:  No.  own  force  Quantity Delivered  On Time /Late  Quality (poor/fair/good)  only):  Owned/ Rental  No. of Items  Total Hrs. Used  yes/no  Figure  2.2 - Work F o r c e  Information  Form  17 be r e c o r d e d i n some o f t h e i t e m s on t h e A c t i v i t y I n f o r m a t i o n f o r m u n d e r Why " u n s a t i s f i e d " ? ) . I t may a l s o e x p l a i n why t h e t r a d e i s often not readily available. NOTE: G e n e r a l c o n t r a c t o r ' s own c r e w s a r e not u s u a l l y under c o n t r a c t s b u t a r e p a i d h o u r l y ; and . Work A v a i l a b l e - y e s o r no r e s p o n s e i s d e s i r e d . T h i s may b e u s e d t o a c c o u n t f o r l o s t man-hours a n d poor r a t e s o f production. Manpower  Information  Invariably, towards  recording  explaining  information  should  manpower l e v e l  lost  time.  be r e p o r t e d  Thus,  alone the  does  little  subsequent  instead:  . T o t a l No. o f Men - t h i s s h o u l d i n c l u d e t h e f o r e m a n and any one else (other) working under h i s supervision exclusive of the superintendent himself; . S k i l l Level - a subjective r a t i n g (poor/fair/good) i s r e q u e s t e d , f o l l o w e d b y comments i f n e c e s s a r y . A t r a d e w i t h l o w e r t h a n g o o d s k i l l l e v e l may e x p l a i n i t s lower than expected r a t e o f production; . Sufficient t o Meet Job Conditions i f no i s s e l e c t e d (from t h e yes/no m u l t i p l e c h o i c e ) , t h e n an explanation i s needed f o r t h e cause of this d e f i c i e n c y ; and . Turnover - a y e s o r no response i s expected. T u r n o v e r may have g r e a t impact on t h e r a t e o f production of a trade, especially i n repetitive construction (eg. h i g h - r i s e ) . The l e a r n i n g c u r v e e f f e c t may b e e n c o u n t e r e d e a c h t i m e a new w o r k e r i s hired. Drawings Shop section.  Availability drawings  control  The t h r e e  relevant  i s t h e main  concern  of  this  items a r e :  . D r a w i n g s A v a i l a b l e - i f no i s s e l e c t e d (from t h e yes/no multiple choice), descriptions of the drawings needed and t h e i r reference numbers ( i f possible) are requested; . Q u a l i t y - a subjective r a t i n g (poor/fair/good) of the legibility and comprehensibility of the  18 currently a v a i l a b l e drawings. Drawings t h a t a r e below s t a n d a r d (poor o r poor t o f a i r ) s h o u l d have t h e i r deficiencies described and r e f e r e n c e numbers r e c o r d e d ; and . Detailing a subjective rating (inadequate/adequate) o f t h e d e t a i l i n g adequacy o f the c u r r e n t l y a v a i l a b l e drawings. Drawings t h a t a r e not adequately detailed should have their deficiencies described and reference numbers recorded. Even  though  entry,  they  independent for  field  collected is  two  have  been  categories testing  should  items  This  be  grouped  deliberately  i n this  purposes.  prototype An  into  separated daily  analysis  site of  i n d i c a t e whether o r n o t such  one into  report  the  data  a distinction  Information section  records material  p a r t i c u l a r trade.  the  superintendent  multiple  choice)  would  and s k i p  a separate record  delivery  information  for  I f t h e r e were no d e l i v e r i e s t h a t d a y , simply  circle  t o t h e next  Otherwise, each type o f m a t e r i a l as  could  warranted.  Delivery  a  the last  no  (from  section  delivered  under t h e f o l l o w i n g  t h e yes/no  on t h e f o r m .  s h o u l d be e n t e r e d  headings:  . Description - the material d e s c r i p t i o n a s on t h e delivery invoice. I t i s important t o have a standard description f o r a material f o r the entire j o b and t h a t t h e d e s c r i p t i o n i s c o n s i s t e n t w i t h t h a t of the supplier. The main advantage i s t h a t i t w o u l d f a c i l i t a t e t r a c k i n g a n d m o n i t o r i n g when t h e report i s computerized; . Supplier/Invoice # - the o f f i c i a l name of the supplier as r e g i s t e r e d a t head office and t h e i n v o i c e number; . Quantity delivered  Delivered the amount of material and t h e a p p r o p r i a t e u n i t o f m e a s u r e ;  19 . On Time/Late indicate the timeliness of the d e l i v e r y (O f o r On Time and L f o r L a t e ) . I f the d e l i v e r y was l a t e , s p e c i f y t h e amount o f t i m e l o s t ; and . Quality (poor/fair/good) - a subjective the q u a l i t y o f the d e l i v e r e d m a t e r i a l . Equipment  this  contractor's  section own  should  work  be  force  completed only  f o r the  because  s u p e r i n t e n d e n t r a r e l y , i f ever, m o n i t o r s t h e equipment of  the  of  Usage  Generally, general  rating  subtrades.  registered  as  a  Each separate  type  of  record  equipment under  the  the usage  should  be  following  headings: . Description - a standard d e s c r i p t i o n f o r a piece of e q u i p m e n t , p r e f e r a b l y t h e same a s t h a t u s e d by t h e supplier. T h i s i s n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e same r e a s o n a s that mentioned f o r the description of material delivered. As w e l l , such d e s c r i p t i o n s c o u l d give r i s e t o a standardized menu o f e q u i p m e n t i t e m s f o r the computerized system; . Owned/Rental - equipment c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . Sometimes it i s necessary t o rent additional units o f an equipment t h a t t h e g e n e r a l contractor already owns ( f o r example, d u r i n g h e a v y r a i n s t o r m s , s u p p l e m e n t a l water pumps might be required). For control p u r p o s e s , i t i s e s s e n t i a l t o d i s t i n g u i s h t h e number o f owned (O) u n i t s f r o m t h e number o f r e n t a l (R) units; • No. o f I t e m s - t h e t o t a l number o f u n i t s o f a n equipment belonging to a specific class (for example, a n owned w a t e r pump s h o u l d b e recorded independently from two rental water pumps even t h o u g h t h e y a r e e x a c t l y t h e same); a n d . T o t a l H r s . Used - t h e t o t a l number o f h o u r s u s e d f o r an e q u i p m e n t o f a s p e c i f i c c l a s s ( f o r example, two r e n t a l w a t e r pumps u s e d f o r t h e e n t i r e work d a y e q u a l s 16 h o u r s ) .  20 Accident  Information  In the  e v e n t o f an  multiple  choice),  i t  involved  as  as  incident  well  (where,  accident is  vital  render  how,  ( c i r c l e yes to  a  identify  full  when,  from the  and  the  yes/no  member(s)  description  of  pertaining  to  2.3)  last  the which  activity).  2.2.3  ACTIVITY Activity  of  this  Information  proposed  information of times of  INFORMATION  daily  f o r one  this  (see site  Figure report.  a c t i v i t y only.  f o r m must be  into four  1)  Activity  2)  Activity  3)  Activity  4)  Quality  Activity This  This  form  filled  out  d e p e n d s on  that  day.  the  This  form  collects  Consequently, the  a c t i v i t i e s t h a t were i n p r o g r e s s  categorized  i s the  number number form  is  sections:  Identification  and  General  Information;  Progress; Performance;  and  Control.  Identification section  and  covers  General the  Information  following  basic  activity  information: . Activity Description this should be the same d e s c r i p t i o n as t h a t a l r e a d y u s e d i n t h e scheduling program. The main advantages are that the superintendent is already familiar with the description and i t also promotes the idea of standardization;  ACTIVITY  INFORMATION I n i t i a l s :  A c t i v i t y  Description:  A c t i v i t y  Scope  Construction  A c t i v i t y Work  Code:  (quantity/unit/description):  Method:  Status:  Performed  started/in  progress/idle/finished/started  Today:  &  finished  ;  Rate of Production: excellent/satisfactory/unsatisfactory (quantify i f possible) Why " u n s a t i s f i e d " ? Estimated Lost Time /Man-Hrs Rework Due to: ( davs/ - Desiqn Error: ( davs/ Prefab. Error: ( days/ - F i e l d Error or Damaqe: Change O r d e r s / E x t r a Work: - Owner Initiated: Mandatory: Contractor Initiated:  ( ( (  davs/ davs/ davs/  - Other Crews: F e l l o w Crew Members: Eouipment Breakdown (downtime):  ( ( ( ( ( ( (  d d d d d d d  Unexplained  f  davs/  (  davs/  (  davs/  Weather:  (  davs/  Others:  (  davs/  D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g for: - Materials: warehouse/vendor Tools: - Construction Equipment: Information/Decisions:  Late  or  Unnecessary  Move:  Inspection:  Strike/Job  Action:  Q u a l i t y o f Work: good/fair/poor . Inspections: . Tests:  Figure  2.3  - Activity  Information  Form  a a a a a a a  v v v v v v v  s s s s s s s  / / / / / / /  22  . Code - i t f o l l o w s t h a t t h i s c o d e s h o u l d be t h e same as t h a t a l r e a d y used i n t h e s c h e d u l i n g program f o r t h e same r e a s o n s a s m e n t i o n e d a b o v e ; . Activity Scope (quantity/unit/description) this s h o u l d be f i l l e d o u t o n l y o n c e a t t h e s t a r t o f t h e activity. I t s major f u n c t i o n i s for estimating p e r c e n t c o m p l e t i o n and t i m e t o c o m p l e t e ; and . C o n s t r u c t i o n Method - t h i s s h o u l d a l s o be f i l l e d o u t o n l y once a t t h e s t a r t o f the a c t i v i t y . However, i f t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n method i s a l t e r e d d u r i n g t h e c o u r s e o f c o n s t r u c t i o n , i t must be r e c o r d e d a g a i n . This i s u s e f u l i n f o r m a t i o n f o r c o m p a r i n g r a t e s and c o s t s o f p r o d u c t i o n f o r d i f f e r e n t c o n s t r u c t i o n methods.  Activity  Progress  Extensive analysis site in  is  progress  not  report;  one  of  therefore,  a relatively  measurement the  major  activity  simple  for  objectives  productivity of  progress should  the be  daily  recorded  way:  . A c t i v i t y S t a t u s - i t c a n be one o f t h e following: started, i n progress, i d l e , f i n i s h e d , or s t a r t e d & finished. By including idle work days, more a c c u r a t e a c t i v i t y d u r a t i o n s c a n be d e r i v e d a f t e r t h e j ob; and . Work P e r f o r m e d T o d a y - t h i s i s a d e s c r i p t i o n o f accomplishments a s s o c i a t e d w i t h the a c t i v i t y f o r day. I t should include quantities i n s t a l l e d work l o c a t i o n s as much as p o s s i b l e . Activity The  Performance underlying  performance  functions  measurement  and  f o r m e r i s a c c o m p l i s h e d by of  Production  Hrs.  and  the  activity.  The  of  the the and  and,  this  productivity  recording,  latter  Lost  Time  i s achieved  rates  of  by  section  are  improvement.  qualitatively,  q u a n t i t a t i v e l y , the  Estimated  unsatisfactory  of  Estimated associated  (then  The  the  Rate  Lost  Man-  with  the  i d e n t i f y i n g the  production  for  causes  necessary  23 corrective  a c t i o n s c o u l d be  arranged).  The  specific  items  are: . R a t e o f P r o d u c t i o n - t h i s c a n be e v a l u a t e d a s b e i n g excellent, satisfactory, or unsatisfactory. A quantitative description i s solicited (quantify i f p o s s i b l e ) t o a s s i s t f u t u r e e s t i m a t i o n ; and . Why " u n s a t i s f i e d " ? - t h i s section i s designed to i d e n t i f y t h e c a u s e o f an u n s a t i s f a c t o r y rate of p r o d u c t i o n ; t h u s , i t c o u l d be s k i p p e d i f e x c e l l e n t o r s a t i s f a c t o r y was s e l e c t e d f o r t h e above item. The s u p e r i n t e n d e n t i s a s k e d t o i d e n t i f y t h e c a u s e o f a c t i v i t y d e l a y by p r o v i d i n g a d e s c r i p t i o n o f the i n c i d e n t (including the p a r t i e s involved) a f t e r the appropriate heading on the Activity Information form. M o r e o v e r , an E s t i m a t e d L o s t Time f o r t h e a c t i v i t y and an E s t i m a t e d L o s t Man-Hrs. (number o f work h o u r s l o s t x number o f men w o r k i n g on this a c t i v i t y only) are requested. The same p r o c e d u r e s h o u l d be c a r r i e d o u t f o r r e c o r d i n g any additional causes of delay. The following l i s t of possible c a u s e s o f d e l a y from t h e A c t i v i t y I n f o r m a t i o n form is derived from the Foreman-Delays Surveys as c o n c e i v e d by T u c k e r e t a l [ 4 6 : 5 8 0 ] , w i t h a few m i n o r modifications: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)  Rework Due t o D e s i g n E r r o r ; Rework Due t o P r e f a b . E r r o r ; Rework Due t o F i e l d E r r o r o r Damage; Owner I n i t i a t e d Change O r d e r s / E x t r a Work; M a n d a t o r y Change O r d e r s / E x t r a Work; Contractor Initiated Change O r d e r s / E x t r a Work ; 7) D e l a y s Due to Waiting for Materials: warehouse/vendor; 8) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g f o r T o o l s ; 9) D e l a y s Due to Waiting for Construction Equipment; 10) D e l a y s Due to Waiting for information /Decisions; 11) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g f o r O t h e r Crews; 12) D e l a y s Due to Waiting f o r Fellow Crew Members; 13) E q u i p m e n t Breakdown ( d o w n t i m e ) ; 14) U n e x p l a i n e d o r U n n e c e s s a r y Move; 15) L a t e I n s p e c t i o n ; 16) S t r i k e / J o b A c t i o n ; 17) W e a t h e r ; and 18) O t h e r s .  24 Quality  Control  Quality reporting  control  should  n o t be o v e r l o o k e d  i n daily  site  b e c a u s e i t c a n be e a s i l y c a r r i e d o u t :  . Q u a l i t y o f Work - t h i s r e q u i r e s a s u b j e c t i v e r a t i n g (poor/fair/good) f o l l o w e d b y comments i f p o s s i b l e ; .  Inspections - since site inspections a r e always documented a s a memo o r r e p o r t by t h e i n s p e c t o r , t h i s s e c t i o n should simply i d e n t i f y the inspector ( t h e name o f t h e company, a g e n c y o r institution o n l y ) and f o l l o w e d by a s h o r t d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e i n s p e c t i o n ( e g . l i n e 21 w a l l f o r m s ) ; a n d  . Tests - similarly, tests performed on s i t e are always documented as a report. Thus, just i d e n t i f y i n g t h e t e s t e r ( t h e name o f t h e company, a g e n c y o r i n s t i t u t i o n o n l y ) and d e s c r i b i n g t h e t e s t s performed (tests results are unnecessary, eg. c o n c r e t e c y l i n d e r t e s t s on 35 MPa c o n c r e t e f o r s l a b on g r a d e ) w o u l d be a d e q u a t e f o r t h i s s e c t i o n . Furthermore, additional "failed  tracking comments  o f d e f i c i e n c i e s may such  as  be c a r r i e d o u t i f  "insufficient  slump t e s t " a r e a l s o p r o v i d e d  t i e rods"  f o r the l a s t  two  and items  respectively.  It  s h o u l d be n o t e d t h a t  the information  i n t h e above p r o p o s e d d a i l y s i t e be  complete.  In  intended t o reveal  fact,  the  report  items  presented  were n o t i n t e n d e d t o  subsequent  field  testing  n e c e s s a r y changes t o t h i s d a i l y  was  report.  25  3.0  DEVELOPMENT OF  THE  COMPUTERIZED DATA COLLECTION SYSTEM  3.1  GENERAL CRITERIA The  (eg.  i n t r o d u c t i o n of micro-computers f o r p r o j e c t  Scheduling  received  at  site  the experienced jobs over  System, level. site  the years  DSRS, This  etc.)  such  aids;  i s v e r y s e t on how  t o run the job.  most  computer  likely  criteria  t o be  f o r the  has  of  the  not  well  comes  from  managed numerous  t h e r e f o r e , he  or  Moreover, t h i s person  illiterate.  development  often  opposition mainly  s u p e r i n t e n d e n t who without  is  control  Data  Thus,  some  Collection  she is  general System  must be e s t a b l i s h e d :  1)  The s y s t e m s h o u l d be d e s i g n e d a r o u n d t h e d a i l y s i t e reporting forms d e s c r i b e d i n s e c t i o n 2.2 because implementation of the computerized system w i l l be p r e c e d e d by a d i s c u s s i o n ( b a s e d on t h e t h e s e f o r m s ) on t h e i n f o r m a t i o n t o be c o l l e c t e d . T h i s way, even though t h e s u p e r i n t e n d e n t would have t o cope w i t h the operation of the computer, at least, the q u e s t i o n s and r e s p o n s e s w i l l seem f a m i l i a r ;  2)  The s y s t e m must n o t overwhelm t h e superintendent with excessive data collection time or data volume.[37:435-436] The 15 m i n u t e t i m e l i m i t s e t for r e p o r t i n g by p e n c i l and paper (section 2.2) should a l s o apply here;  3) A n t i c i p a t e d r e s p o n s e s s h o u l d be p r e s e n t e d on the c o m p u t e r s c r e e n s o t h a t d a t a e n t r y c a n be e x p e d i t e d . O t h e r w i s e , t h e r e s p o n s e s c a n be r e a d i l y r e v i s e d o r overwritten to r e f l e c t the actual occurrences of the day.[13:4] T h i s t e c h n i q u e i s commonly known a s f u l l  26 screen editing. Two o t h e r i n p u t f o r m a t s s h o u l d a l s o be incorporated: selective and f u l l screen text input. S e l e c t i v e input requires the user t o simply choose a response ( u s u a l l y by h i g h l i g h t i n g i t o r by e n t e r i n g t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g i t e m number) f r o m a l i s t of p o s s i b l e responses. Whereas, f u l l s c r e e n t e x t input s o l i c i t s t h e response with a blank f i e l d ; 4)  The s y s t e m should b e menu driven a s much as possible. A t most, i t s h o u l d o n l y r e q u i r e y o r n ( y e s o r no) r e s p o n s e s t o g e t f r o m s c r e e n t o s c r e e n ;  5)  The system s h o u l d have e r r o r c h e c k i n g capabilities such t h a t only i n f o r m a t i o n o f t h e c o r r e c t format can be e n t e r e d ;  6)  The system s h o u l d be f l e x i b l e . I t should a l l o w easy customization of input display screens and be capable of being interfaced with other popular a p p l i c a t i o n s o f t w a r e s u c h a s L o t u s 1-2-3, MS Word, etc. ;  7)  The system s h o u l d have p r o v i s i o n f o r b r i e f text entries after selective inputs (recall definition f r o m c r i t e r i o n 3) a s t h i s c o u l d b e u s e d t o p i c k up a d d i t i o n a l i n f o r m a t i o n t h a t w o u l d h a v e o t h e r w i s e be l e f t unsaid;  8) A s m e n t i o n e d i n s e c t i o n 2.2, k e y w o r d s h o u l d be used t o s k i p o v e r u n n e c e s s a r y applicable questions;  3.2  responses o r non-  9)  The system s h o u l d have a s e c u r i t y f e a t u r e t o p r e v e n t tampering o f s t o r e d data (eg. a password f o r system e n t r y ) ; and  10)  The s y s t e m s h o u l d h a v e t h e o p t i o n o f b e i n g i n s t a l l e d i n a l o c a l a r e a n e t w o r k (LAN) e n v i r o n m e n t whereby s i t e computers a r e d i r e c t l y l i n k e d t o t h o s e a t t h e head office. This would enable information r e t r i e v a l i n r e a l time.  DEVELOPMENT TOOLS Since  complete  the  realm  of this  and  hardware)  development report,  should  o f t h e DSRS  t h e development  i s not within  tools  (software  b e s e l e c t e d on t h e b a s i s o f t h e i r  ease  27 of  operation,  The  compatibility,  prototype  DSRS  described  dBASE I I I PLUS u s i n g a MS  Software  hereafter  package  the data  difficult  top  of  PowerBase,  be  the  Open  System  suitable  demands database  developed  p r o c e s s i n g a n d management  f o r t h e development  more  R:BASE  was  capacity. on  DOS-based m i c r o - c o m p u t e r .  than  of the prototype choosing  the  b e c a u s e o f t h e numerous c h o i c e s a v a i l a b l e The  and  Requirements  Selecting  much  accessibility,  V.  line  Access  products  However,  f o r meeting  of the prototype  system  f o r t h e development  of the objectives of t h i s  dBASE  I I I PLUS  was  be  i n todays  market.  dBASE  Paradox,  packages  and  would  management  i s , choosing  of the actual  XDB,  I I I PLUS,  p r o c e s s i n g and  (that  can  simply  any one o f t h e s e  the data  DSRS  hardware  include:  I I , DataEase,  software  the best  DSRS i s n o t one  report).  chosen  mainly  f o r the  following  reasons: 1) The o r i g i n a l dBASE I I was one o f t h e f i r s t proven commercial d a t a p r o c e s s i n g a n d management software p a c k a g e s on t h e m a r k e t . dBASE I I I PLUS i s e v e n more p o w e r f u l and r e f i n e d , a n d h a s become t h e i n d u s t r i a l standard. NOTE: at the inception of this d e v e l o p m e n t , dBASE I V ( w h i c h w i l l meet o r b e a t t h e c a p a b i l i t i e s o f i t s main c o m p e t i t o r s ) had n o t been released. However, A s h t o n - T a t e claims that a l l databases, forms, reports, and applications d e v e l o p e d i n dBASE I I I w i l l r u n w i t h o u t m o d i f i c a t i o n i n dBASE I V [ 3 : 1 1 3 ] ; 2) I t c a n d i s p l a y , c h a n g e , f i n d , r e a r r a n g e , a n a l y z e , r e l a t e , and p r i n t any d a t a t h a t h a s b e e n s t o r e d i n a database;  28 3) I t f e a t u r e s a u s e r - f r i e n d l y menu d r i v e n A s s i s t a n t t h a t c a n be u s e d t o d e v e l o p s p e c i f i c applications, f o r example, c r e a t i n g s c r e e n f o r m a t t e d d a t a e n t r y which g r e a t l y f a c i l i t a t e t h e data e n t r y p r o c e s s . As w e l l , i t c a n be u s e d t o a c c o m p l i s h most o f t h e d a y t o - d a y d a t a management t a s k s ; 4) I t i n c l u d e s a programming l a n g u a g e c a l l e d dBASE t h a t c a n be u s e d t o c r e a t e c u s t o m i z e d a p p l i c a t i o n s f o r s p e c i f i c needs. Programming i n dBASE i s e a s i e r t o l e a r n t h a n many o t h e r programming l a n g u a g e s b e c a u s e dBASE I I I PLUS h a s many b u i l t - i n f e a t u r e s (these f e a t u r e s w i l l n o t be d i s c u s s e d i n t h i s r e p o r t ; f o r more i n f o r m a t i o n , r e f e r t o t h e dBASE I I I PLUS u s e r manuals); 5) dBASE III PLUS can be installed in a LAN environment. On a n e t w o r k , u s e r s w i t h a w i d e r a n g e o f b a c k g r o u n d s a n d e x p e r t i s e c a n work w i t h dBASE I I I PLUS. F o r example, a t t h e s i t e l e v e l , u s e r s w i l l o n l y e n t e r d a t a o r o p e r a t e r e a d y - t o - u s e programs and applications. Whereas, others will program i n dBASE, creating database files and application programs a t head o f f i c e ; 6) dBASE I I I PLUS f i l e s c a n be c o n v e r t e d s u c h t h a t t h e y c a n be i m p o r t e d and e x p o r t e d from and t o o t h e r software a p p l i c a t i o n s . T h i s i s extremely important because dBASE I I I PLUS does n o t have graphics capabilities. F o r example, by e x p o r t i n g d a t a t o LOTUS 1-2-3, g r a p h s and b a r - c h a r t s c a n b e r e a d i l y p l o t t e d ; and 7) I t f e a t u r e s a u t i l i t y c a l l e d PROTECT w h i c h c a n be u s e d t o c r e a t e a n d m a i n t a i n s e c u r i t y on t h e s y s t e m . This important feature i s not widely a v a i l a b l e i n today's application software. For example, Expedition, a total c o n s t r u c t i o n p r o j e c t document c o n t r o l package does n o t have a s e c u r i t y system, b u t i t i s c u r r e n t l y on t h e d r a w i n g b o a r d a c c o r d i n g t o one o f i t s s a l e s r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s . [ 1 ]  Hardware Requirements From  a technical  standpoint,  a micro-computer  that  is  c a p a b l e o f r u n n i n g dBASE I I I PLUS s h o u l d be a d e q u a t e f o r t h e DSRS. site  However, t h e t i m e cannot  be o v e r l o o k e d  i t takes  t o operate  s i n c e t h e system  t h e system  will  have  on  t o be  29 tested  in  volume  the  of  information  criterion  of  eventually. that  minimizing  have a t l e a s t  3.3  field  an  Intel  the  system  operating 80286 CPU  Given  time, and  will the  a hard  the  anticipated  handle  and  computer  the  should  disk drive.  DATA ORGANIZATION  Data  organization  databases  are  information  on  should  contained  be  databases  addresses  required the  must  be  daily  to  site  in  the  completely  how  many  represent  the  r e p o r t f o r m s , what  each  indexed  questions  in  database, order  to  and  of  information how  facilitate  these data  retrieval.  The the  following c r i t e r i a  number  should  be  of  databases  stored  were c o n s i d e r e d  required  and  the  in establishing information  that  i n each:  1)  Group i n f o r m a t i o n such t h a t e a c h d a t a b a s e c a r r i e s one o r a t most two r e l a t e d i d e a s . That i s , there i s no r e a s o n t o i n c l u d e w e a t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n i n t h e same d a t a b a s e as t h a t c o n t a i n i n g d r a w i n g s availability information;  2)  C o l l e c t i n f o r m a t i o n t h a t c o u l d be r e p r e s e n t e d by t h e same d a t a b a s e s t r u c t u r e (same s e t o f f i e l d s , where a f i e l d i s an i t e m o f i n f o r m a t i o n w i t h i n a r e c o r d o f a database) i n t o one database. For example, data r e l a t i n g t o the f i v e types of unusual developments at the p r o j e c t l e v e l ( s t r i k e s / j o b actions, p o t e n t i a l p r o b l e m s , d e l a y s , d i s p u t e s , and others) should be s t o r e d i n one d a t a b a s e b e c a u s e t h e i r d a t a c o u l d be r e c o r d e d i n t h e same f o r m a t ; and  3)  Consider data manipulation requirements. i t t a k e s t o s e a r c h and l o c a t e s p e c i f i c w i t h i n a d a t a b a s e s h o u l d be m i n i m i z e d .  The time information Searching  30 and locating specific information generally takes longer i n a l a r g e r database (more r e c o r d s and/or more f i e l d s ) t h a n i n a s m a l l e r one. However, i t w o u l d be more cumbersome t o h a v e t o a s s e m b l e a number o f d a t a b a s e s ( i n s t e a d o f h a v i n g e v e r y t h i n g i n one) i n o r d e r t o r e t r i e v e some s p e c i f i c c a t e g o r y o f information. E x a m p l e s o f t h e s e two d i f f e r e n t data storage schemes a r e o u t l i n e d i n F i g u r e 3.1 along w i t h t h e i r r e s p e c t i v e a d v a n t a g e s and disadvantages.  B a s e d on to  most  site  the  effectively  report  daily  a b o v e g u i d e l i n e s , t w e l v e d a t a b a s e s were  site  forms.  Figure  report that are  databases. customized  represent  Each screen  These  screen  field  definitions  Collection further site  shows t h e  and  will  during their  are presented  the  System  enhance t h e  information  represented  display  displays  forms,  3.2  database  Notwithstanding report  the  the  daily of  each of the illustrated  by  entry  respective  dBASE  III  to  3.13.  i n Figures  3.3  on  the  databases  additional  comprehensiveness  of  of  field the  the  twelve  data  information  subsequent contain  the  the  section(s)  by  be  on  needed  a  process. PLUS  daily  site  the  Data  entries  proposed  to  daily  report: 1)  dsrhead.dbf  (see F i g u r e  3.3)  - DATA ENTERED BY: in some instances, the s u p e r i n t e n d e n t might have completed t h e d a i l y s i t e r e p o r t by p e n c i l and p a p e r and c o m p u t e r d a t a e n t r y was p e r f o r m e d by a c l e r k . Then, i t i s important t o acknowledge t h e computer o p e r a t o r j u s t i n c a s e a d i s p u t e a r i s e s from the report. - RAIN & SNOW: t h e i t e m , P r e c i p i t a t i o n , on t h e SITE / ENVIRONMENT INFORMATION form are s e p a r a t e d i n t o t h e s e two fields for further  31  Scheme  A:  Sample Data S t o r e d i n One Database File w i t h Two C o n t e n t Fields  Scheme  B:  -  Activity  I +  Delay  Ia  -  Activity  -  Activity  I +  Delay  lb  -  Activity  -  Activity  I +  Delay  Ic  -  Activity  -  Activity  II  -  Activity  III  +  Delay  I l i a  -  Activity  III  +  Delay  I l l b  T h e Same Data S t o r e d i n Two Database F i l e s w i t h One C o n t e n t Field Each  I II III  -  Delay  Ia  -  Delay  lb  -  Delay  Ic  -  Delay  I l i a  -  Delay  I l l b  3 Total No. of Records  6  Advantages -  Disadvantages  8 Advantages  Less Records -  -  5  Same Info. Stored More Than Once  -  Figure  3.1  Slower Because the File is Larger and has more Records  -  -  Two D i f f e r e n t  -  More Records  -  Must Relate t h e Two Files Before Both Types of I n f o can be Retrieved a t t h e Same Time  No I n f o . Stored More Than Once  Easier to Retrieve Both Types of Info, at the Same T i m e  -  Disadvantages  Faster for Retrieving O n l y One Type of Info.  Data  Storage  Schemes  I n f o r m a t i o n Item S i t e / Environment  -  -  _  -  DSR HEAD DBF & PROJNAME DBF SITECOND.DBF UNUSUAL.DBF  Information  Trade I d e n t i f i c a t i o n and General I n f o r m a t i o n , Manpower I n f o r m a t i o n & Drawings I n f o . D e l i v e r y Information Equipment Usage Accident Information  Activity  File  Information  Report I d e n t i f i c a t i o n & Weather I n f o r m a t i o n S i t e Conditions Unusual Developments  Work Force  -  Database  _  WKFCINFO DBF  -  DELIVERY DBF EQIPMENT DBF ACCIDENT DBF  _  ACTYINFO DBF  -  ACTYDLAY DBF  Information  A c t i v i t y I d e n t i f i c a t i o n and General I n f o r m a t i o n , A c t i v i t y P r o g r e s s , A c t i v i t y Performance (Rate o f Production) & Q u a l i t y C o n t r o l ( Q u a l i t y o f Work) A c t i v i t y Performance (Cause o f A c t i v i t y Delay) Quality Control (Inspections) Q u a l i t y C o n t r o l (Tests)  INSPECTS DBF TESTS.DBF  F i g u r e 3.2 - Data Storage O r g a n i z a t i o n  Field definitions Page Row 3 1 7 1 7 1 3 1 11 1 13 1 13 1 15 1 15 1 17 1 17 1 15 1 5 1 19 1 11 1 FUNCTION Content  Col 20 20 73 68 8 20 71 10 41 29 71 69 18 23 49 S27  o f page  f o r Screen  Field PROJECT NO REVIEWD BY DATA ENTRY DATE WEATHER AM TEMP HI TEMP LO RAIN MM SNOW MM HRS WRK AM HRS WRK PM WIND PROJECTNAM HRS WRK OT WEATHER PM  Data Base DSR HEAD DSR HEAD DSR HEAD DSR HEAD DSR HEAD DSR HEAD DSR HEAD DSR HEAD DSR HEAD DSR HEAD DSR HEAD DSR HEAD PROJNAME DSR HEAD DSR HEAD -  :  1  : C:HEAD.scr Type Character Character Character Date Character Numeric Numeric Numeric Numeric Numeric Numeric Numeric Character Numeric Character  Width 7 3 3 8 30 3 3 4 4 5 5 3 30 5 30  Dec  0 0 1 1 2 2 0 2  BASIC DAILY JOB INFORMATION  PROJECT NUMBER: XXXXXXX  DATE: XXXXXXXX  PROJECT NAME: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX SUPERINTENDENT: XXX  DATA ENTERED BY: XXX  WEATHER ( i f a p p r o p r i a t e , e n t e r : CLEAR, CLOUDY, RAINY, o r SNOWY) AM: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  PM: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  TEMPERATURE HI: XXX C RAIN: XXXX mm HOURS WORKED IN MORNING: XXXXX  TEMPERATURE LO: XXX C SNOW: XXXX sun  WIND: XXX kph  HOURS WORKED IN AFTERNOON: XXXXX  HOURS OF OVERTIME: XXXXX  Figure  3.3 - F i e l d D e f i n i t i o n s and p r o j n a m e . d b f  f o r dsr_head.dbf  F i e l d d e f i n i t i o n s f o r Screen : C:SITE.scr Page 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  Row 3 5 9 11 15 17 1 1 7 13 19  Col 71 16 72 16 74 16 18 70 12 12 12  Data Base SITECOND SITECOND SITECOND SITECOND SITECOND SITECOND SITECOND SITECOND SITECOND SITECOND SITECOND  Content o f page :  Field ACCESS ACCESS D STORAGE STORAGE D GRDCOND GRDCOND D PROJECT NO DATE ACCESS R STORAGE R GRDCOND R  1  Type Character Character Character Character Character Character Character Date Memo Memo Memo  Width 2 61 2 61 2 61 7 8 10 10 10  SITE CONDITIONS  PROJECT NUMBER: XXXXXXX  Dec  DATE: XXXXXXXX  ACCESS TO SITE (PP=POOR/PF=POOR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GOOD): XX DESCRIPTION: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX REMARKS: XXXX Press CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r a remark; CONTROL-PGUP t o r e t u r n . STORAGE ON SITE (PP=POOR/PF=POOR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GOOD) : XX DESCRIPTION: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX REMARKS: XXXX Press CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r a remark; CONTROL-PGUP t o r e t u r n . GROUND CONDITIONS (PP=POOR/PF=POOR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GOOD): XX DESCRIPTION: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX REMARKS: XXXX P r e s s CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r a remark; CONTROL-PGUP t o r e t u r n .  Figure  3.4 - F i e l d  Definitions  f o r sitecond.dbf  F i e l d d e f i n i t i o n s f o r Screen : C:UNSL.scr Page 1 1 1 1 1 1  Row 7 9 13 11 4 4  Col 9 16 12 39 18 70  Data Base UNUSUAL UNUSUAL UNUSUAL UNUSUAL UNUSUAL UNUSUAL  Content o f page  Field TYPE DESCRPTION REMARKS TIMELOST PROJECT_NO DATE  Type Character Character Memo Numeric Character Date  Width 26 61 10 5 7 8  Dec  UNUSUAL DEVELOPMENTS  PROJECT NUMBER: XXXXXXX  DATE: XXXXXXXX  TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX DESCRIPTION: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ESTIMATED TIME LOST TO OVERALL JOB: XXXXX Days REMARKS: XXXX Press CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r a remark; CONTROL-PGUP t o r e t u r n .  Figure  3.5 - F i e l d  Definitions  f o r unusual.dbf  F i e l d d e f i n i t i o n s f o r Screen : C:WKFC.scr Page 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2  2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2  Row 6 8 10 12 14 16 4 4 1 1 3 4 6 7 9 10 12 13 15 16 18 19  Col 45 15 43 11 32 11 18 70 40 45 75 18 58 18 33 18 36 11 71 18 47 18  Data Base WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO WKFCINFO  Field CREWTYPE CREWDSCRTN CONTRACT CONTRACT N WK AVAILBE WK AVAIL N PROJECT NO DATE FOREMEN OTHER SKILL SKILL N SUFFICIENT SUFFICNT N TURNOVER TURNOVER N DWGS AVAIL DWGS AVL N QUALITY QUALITY N DETAILING DETAIL N  Content o f page : 1  Type Character Character Character Character Logical Character Character Date Numeric Numeric Character Character Logical Character Logical Character Logical Character Character Character Character Character  Width 1 62 1 66 1 66 7 8 2 2 2 59 1 59 1 59 1 66 2 59 1 59  WORK FORCE INFORMATION  PROJECT NUMBER: XXXXXXX  DATE: XXXXXXXX  WORK FORCE TYPE (0=OWN FORCE/S=SUBTRADE): X DES CRIPTON:  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  CONTRACT AWARDED (Y"=YES/N=NO/H=HOURLY) : X REMARK:  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  WORK AVAILABLE REMARK:  (Y=YES/N=NO): X  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  Content o f page : 2 TOTAL NUMBER OF MEN (FOREMEN/OTHER): XX / XX . SKILL LEVEL (PP=POOR/PF=POOR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GOOD): XX REMARK: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX . SUFFICIENT TO MEET JOB CONDITIONS (Y=YES/N=NO): X REMARK: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX . TURNOVER (Y=YES/N=NO): X REMARK: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX DRAWINGS AVAILABLE (Y=YES/N=NO): X REMARK: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX . QUALITY (PP=POOR/PF=POOR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GOOD): XX REMARK: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX . DETAILING (I=INADEQUATE/A=ADEQUATE): X REMARK: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  Figure  3.6 - F i e l d  Definitions  f o r wkfcinfo.dbf  F i e l d d e f i n i t i o n s f o r Screen Page 1 l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  Row 7 9 12 12 14 16 18 3 3 5  Content  Data Base DELIVERY DELIVERY DELIVERY DELIVERY DELIVERY DELIVERY DELIVERY DELIVERY DELIVERY DELIVERY  Col 16 13 23 41 25 64 12 18 70 9  : CrDELI.scr Field DESCRPTION SUPPLIER QUANTITY UNITS ONTIME QUALITY REMARKS PROJECT NO DATE CREWDSCRTN  o f page : 1  Type Character Character Numeric Character Logical Character Memo Character Date Character  Width 61 64 8 4 1 2 10 7 8 62  DELIVERY INFORMATION  PROJECT NUMBER: XXXXXXX TRADE:  DATE: XXXXXXXX  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  DESCRIPTION: SUPPLIER:  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  QUANTITY DELIVERED: XXXXXXXX  UNITS: XXXX  ON TIME (Y=YES/N=NO): X QUALITY (PP=POOR/PF=POOR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GOOD): XX REMARKS: XXXX Press CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r a remark; CONTROL-PGUP t o r e t u r n .  Figure  3.7 - F i e l d  F i e l d d e f i n i t i o n s f o r Screen Page 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  Row 8 10 12 14 16 4  4  6  Content  Col 16 24 20 31 12 18 70 9  Data Base EQIPMENT EQIPMENT EQIPMENT EQIPMENT EQIPMENT EQIPMENT EQIPMENT EQIPMENT  Definitions  : C:EQIP.scr Field DESCRPTION OWN_RENT NO_OF_ITEM TOTAL_HRS REMARKS PROJECT_NO DATE CREWDSCRTN  o f page  Type Character Character Numeric Numeric Memo Character Date Character  Width 61 1 2 5 10 7 8 62  Dec  EQUIPMENT USAGE  PROJECT NUMBER: XXXXXXX TRADE:  f o r delivery.dbf  DATE: XXXXXXXX  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  DESCRIPTION:  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  0=OWNED OR R*=RENTAL: X NUMBER OF ITEMS: XX TOTAL NUMBER OF HOURS USED: XXXXX REMARKS: XXXX P r e s s CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r a remark; CONTROL-PGUP t o r e t u r n .  Figure  3.8 - F i e l d  Definitions  f o r eqipment.dbf  F i e l d d e f i n i t i o n s f o r Screen : C:ACCI.scr Page 1 1 1 1 1  Row 9 4 4 14 6  Col 16 18 70 12 9  Data Base ACCIDENT ACCIDENT ACCIDENT ACCIDENT ACCIDENT  Field DESCRPTION PROJECT_NO DATE REMARKS CREWDSCRTN  Content o f page  Type Character Character Date Memo Character  Width 61 7 8 10 62  ACCIDENT INFORMATION  PROJECT NUMBER: XXXXXXX  DATE: XXXXXXXX  TRADE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX DESCIRPTION: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  REMARKS: XXXX Press CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r a remark; CONTROL-PGUP t o r e t u r n .  Figure  3.9 - F i e l d  Definitions  f o r accident.dbf  F i e l d d e f i n i t i o n s f o r Screen : C:ACTI.scr ge 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  Row 5 6 7 11 14 15 18 19 2 2 3  Col 16 9 15 68 69 38 72 12 18 70 9  Content o f page  Data Base ACTYINFO ACTYINFO ACTYINFO ACTYINFO ACTYINFO ACTYINFO ACTYINFO ACTYINFO ACTYINFO ACTYINFO ACTYINFO  Field DESCRPTION CODE WORK TODAY STATUS PRODUCTION PRODCTIVTY QUALITY REMARKS PROJECT NO DATE CREWDSCRTN  Type Character Character Character Character Character Character Character Memo Character Date Character  Width 61 9 62 2 1 39 2 10 7 8 62  ACTIVITY INFORMATION  PROJECT NUMBER: XXXXXXX DATE: XXXXXXXX TRADE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX DESCRIPTION: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CODE: XXXXXXXXX WORK TODAY: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ACTIVITY STATUS (SD=STARTED/IP=IN PROGRESS/ID=IDLE/FD=FINISHED /SF=STARTED AND FINISHED ON THE SAME DAY): XX RATE OF PRODUCTION (E=EXCELLENT/S=SATISFACTORY/U=UNSATISFACTORY): X QUANTIFY PRODUCTIVITY I F POSSIBLE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX QUALITY OF WORK (PP=POOR/PF=POOR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GOOD): XX REMARKS: XXXX P r e s s CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r a remark; CONTROL-PGUP t o r e t u r n .  Figure  3.10 - F i e l d  Definitions  f o ractyinfo.dbf  F i e l d d e f i n i t i o n s f o r Screen : C:INSPECT.scr Page 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 F i e l d d e f i n i t i o n s f o r Screen : CrACTD.scr Page Row 1 10 1 12 15 1 1 18 2 1 2 1 7 1 1 4 1 8 15 1 FUNCTION 1 15  Col 9 16 29 12 18 70 17 9 17 71 SOO 72  Field TYPE DESCRPTION TIMELOST REMARKS PROJECT NO DATE ACTIVITY CREWDSCRTN CODE MANHR_LOST  Type Character Character Numeric Memo Character Date Character Character Character Numeric  ACTYDLAY  MANHR_LOST  Numeric  1  Col 16 12 18 70 10 9 17  Data Base INSPECTS INSPECTS INSPECTS INSPECTS INSPECTS INSPECTS INSPECTS  Field DESCRPTION REMARKS PROJECT NO DATE CODE CREWDSCRTN ACTYDSCRTN  Content of page  Data Base ACTYDLAY ACTYDLAY ACTYDLAY ACTYDLAY ACTYDLAY ACTYDLAY ACTYDLAY ACTYDLAY ACTYDLAY ACTYDLAY  Content o f page :  Row 13 18 3 3 9 5 8  Width 68 61 5 10 7 8 61 62 9 5  Type Character Memo Character Date Character Character Character  Width 61 10 7 8 9 62 61  INSPECTION LOG  PROJECT NUMBER: XXXXXXX  DATE: XXXXXXXX  TRADE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CODE: XXXXXXXXX  5  DESCRIPTION: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  DELAY / REWORK INFORMATION  PROJECT NUMBER: XXXXXXX  REMARKS: XXXX Press CONTROL-PGDN t o enter a remark; CONTROL-PGUP t o return.  DATE: XXXXXXXX  TRADE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CODE: XXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX DESCRIPTION: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  F i g u r e 3.12 - F i e l d  Definitions  f o r actydlay.dbf  f o r inspects.dbf  F i e l d d e f i n i t i o n s f o r Screen : C:TEST.scr  Page 1 1 ESTIMATED ACTIVITY DELAY: XXXXX Hrs. ESTIMATED MAN-HOURS LOST: XXXXX 1 1 1 REMARKS: XXXX Press CONTROL-PGDN t o enter a remark; CONTROL-PGUP t o return. 1 1  F i g u r e 3.11 - F i e l d  Definitions  Row 13 18 9 3 3 5 8  Col 16 12 10 18 70 9 17  Data Base TESTS TESTS TESTS TESTS TESTS TESTS TESTS  Field DESCRPTION REMARKS CODE PROJECT_NO DATE CREWDSCRTN ACTYDSCRTN  content of page  Type Character Memo Character Character Date Character Character  width 61 10 9 7 8 62 61  Dec  TESTING LOG  PROJECT NUMBER: XXXXXXX  DATE: XXXXXXXX  TRADE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CODE: XXXXXXXXX  DESCRIPTION: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CO  REMARKS: XXXX Press CONTROL-PGDN t o enter a remark; CONTROL-PGUP t o return.  F i g u r e 3.13 - F i e l d  Definitions  f o r tests.dbf  38 distinction retrieval.  in  order  to  facilitate  data  - HOURS WORKED I N MORNING, HOURS WORKED I N AFTERNOON & HOURS OF OVERTIME: m a k i n g t h e s e e n t r i e s d i r e c t l y would e l i m i n a t e h a v i n g t o deduce these information, i f so d e s i r e d , from d a i l y t i m e s h e e t s (NOTE: i t i s n e c e s s a r y to distinguish morning work hours from afternoon work hours because i t i s not u n u s u a l f o r some l o c a l c o n s t r u c t i o n s i t e s t o b e g i n t h e d a y e a r l i e r i n t h e summer months i n o r d e r t o p r o v i d e e x t r a a f t e r work d a y l i g h t hours f o r t h e i r workers and t h e i r f a m i l i e s ) . F o r p r o j e c t s w h i c h employ s h i f t work, t h e t i m e and d u r a t i o n o f each s h i f t s h o u l d be recorded. 2) s i t e c o n d . d b f (see Figure 3.4), unusual.dbf (see Figure 3.5), d e l i v e r y . d b f (see Figure 3.7), eqipment.dbf (see Figure 3.8), accident.dbf (see Figure 3.9), a c t y i n f o . d b f (see Figure 3.10), actydlay.dbf ( s e e F i g u r e 3.11), i n s p e c t s . d b f ( s e e F i g u r e 3.12), t e s t s . d b f ( s e e F i g u r e 3.13) - REMARKS: t h i s s p e c i a l dBASE f i e l d , memo, h a s been added t o a l l o f t h e aforementioned databases. I t o n l y t a k e s up 4 c h a r a c t e r s o n t h e computer s c r e e n , b u t i t a l l o w s an e n t r y c o n t a i n i n g t e x t o f up t o 5,000 c h a r a c t e r s . This field could be used t o pick up additional information that would have otherwise be l e f t unsaid because of the l i m i t e d w i d t h t h a t c a n be d i s p l a y e d on t h e computer s c r e e n f o r d e s c r i p t i o n f i e l d s . In particular, f o r i n s p e c t s . d b f and t e s t s . d b f , this field should be used f o r describing deficiencies.  Furthermore, of  twelve  than  since  t h e Data  databases,  certain fields  databases  i n order  one  information  i n different that  information  t h a t must b e c a r r i e d  five  types  are  to  must keep  databases.  databases  the  Collection  affected  of relational  over.  consists  be s t o r e d  i n more  track  related  Table  and  fields  System  the  of  3.1  shows t h e  corresponding  However, n o t a l l o f  listed  i n Table  3.1 a r e  Relational  Fields  Database File (.DBF)  Project Number  Date  Trade  Activity Description  Activity Code  SITECOND  X  X  UNUSUAL  X  X  WKFCINFO  X  X  DELIVERY  X  X  X  EQIPMENT  X  X  X  ACCIDENT  X  X  X  ACTYINFO  X  X  X  ACTYDLAY  X  X  X  X  X  INSPECTS  X  X  X  X  X  TESTS  X  X  X  X  X  Table  3.1  -  Relational Fields Required Proper Data Relation  for  40 absolutely  essential  f o r proper  NUMBER i s r e q u i r e d o n l y LAN  environment.  from  the  In this  databases;  reports.  activity  tests  activity  he  i s displayed  i t i s  description  of the activity  dBASE  extremely  I I I PLUS,  a l l records  code  over  one c a n i n d e x  finds  matching  environment,  The to  former  should  i s  be i n d e x e d  facilitates  one s p e c i f i c  information  record,  from  to  the  actyinfo.dbf) memorized. the  full  string  be  file  so  a r e grouped  alphabetically, o n c e dBASE  proceeds  operated  (with  I I I PLUS  in  very  a  LAN  the exception  of  b y PROJECT NUMBER a n d DATE.  retrieval  of information  j o b ; and t h e l a t t e r a l lof  or  which  though  have  the search  a l l o f t h e databases  projname.dbf)  from  the desired  Then,  DSRS  while delays  a database  or numerically.  the  mainly f o r  forget  even  to  chronologically,  If  may  i s not usually  helpful  the  to distinguish  (inspects.dbf),  order,  rapidly.  in  activity  ascending  the first  reports  d i s p l a y e d on t h e s c r e e n .  containing  in  i na  i s interrupted  with  (carried  this  site  i s included  concerned  Therefore,  together  i ti s necessary  inspections  s h e was  because  PROJECT  be s t o r e d  (tests.dbf), the operator  t h e screen  that  will  regarding  activity  or  A C T I V I T Y CODE  daily  entry process  information  (actydlay.dbf),  In  projects  DESCRIPTION  I f t h e data  entering  on  environment,  thus,  ACTIVITY  convenience.  relation.  i f t h e system i s t o be o p e r a t e d  a l l o f t h e company's  same t w e l v e  data  the jobs  assists on  a  pertaining  retrieval  specific  of  date.  41 Whereas i f t h e  system i s operated  e a c h p r o j e c t , i n d e x i n g by 4.0,  some  retrieval  3.4  AN  3.4.1  METHOD OF  directly without first series  of  the  having  to  of  windows).  method  requires  would  Consequently,  i t  However,  following  this  site  report  the  for  the  less  methods  was  prototype the  information  appear  requires  they  the  the  Then,  the  but  In  discussed  Input  of  of  considered,  be  Computer  complete  report  the  will  System  daily  (the  copy  i s adequate.  chapter for  the  PROTOTYPE DATA COLLECTION SYSTEM  Direct  this  input  basis for  information.  THE  Collection  implies,  alone  DATA INPUT  method  Data  name  hard  of s p e c i f i c  a stand  DATE o n l y  indexing  OVERVIEW OF  The the  special  on  selected DSRS.  into  the  by  pencil  right  on  the would  manpower  and  of  entry  were d e t e r m i n e d t o be  the to  computer and  paper  screen  superintendent  data  As  superintendent  report  computer  for  as  a  generate  a  to  verify.  paper were  work. also  inappropriate for  application: 1)  The Basic 2-Stage System - this i s a desirable method f o r t h e s u p e r i n t e n d e n t who dislikes having anything to do with a computer. The superintendent's task i s r e s t r i c t e d to only filling o u t t h e d a i l y s i t e r e p o r t on p a p e r ( f i r s t s t a g e ) . T h e n t h e t a s k o f c o m p u t e r d a t a e n t r y may be c a r r i e d o u t by someone e l s e s u c h as a c l e r k ( s e c o n d s t a g e ) . The m a j o r d r a w b a c k s o f t h i s method a r e t h a t i t  42 i n v o l v e s more p a p e r work, r e q u i r e s more manpower t h a n D i r e c t Computer I n p u t , and c a n r e s u l t i n e r r o r s d u r i n g computer d a t a e n t r y . 2)  The T u r n a r o u n d Document [13:3] - t h i s i s a m o d i f i e d version of The Basic 2-Stage System. The only difference i s that the daily site report is a c o m p u t e r g e n e r a t e d d a i l y menu t h a t i s t o be e d i t e d and r e - s u b m i t t e d a t t h e end o f t h e day a s t h e a c t u a l construction record. T h i s menu c o n t a i n s t h e p l a n n e d outcome o f that day's activities (based on the assumption that much of the daily recorded i n f o r m a t i o n does not change s i g n i f i c a n t l y from dayt o - d a y on a t y p i c a l h i g h - r i s e c o n s t r u c t i o n site). Nevertheless, i t still suffers from the same problems of excessive p a p e r work and additional manpower r e q u i r e m e n t .  3)  The Computer R e a d a b l e Form - t h i s method requires designing s p e c i a l forms t h a t can be read by the c o m p u t e r t o s p e e d up t h e u p d a t i n g p r o c e s s . This means t h e s u p e r i n t e n d e n t must s t i l l fill out the d a i l y s i t e r e p o r t f i r s t , but computer d a t a e n t r y i s r e l e g a t e d to a scanner. In t h e p a s t , t h e s e forms had t o be i n a m u l t i p l e c h o i c e f o r m a t due t o the l i m i t e d c a p a c i t y of the scanner. Therefore, this s y s t e m was suited to large i n s t i t u t i o n s with very s p e c i f i c i n f o r m a t i o n needs. F o r example, t h e C i t y o f V a n c o u v e r ' s E n g i n e e r i n g D e p a r t m e n t u s e d t o employ a s i m i l a r system f o r t h e i r annual i n f r a s t r u c t u r e inspections. But as t h e i r i n f o r m a t i o n n e e d s grew, this department found that the forms were not d e t a i l e d enough, and some i n f o r m a t i o n i t e m s c a n be better expressed with supplemental comments.[23] Hence, they are now using a system called the I n f o r m a t i o n R e t r i e v a l S y s t e m ( s e e A p p e n d i x B) that is s i m i l a r to The Turnaround Document. Today, pattern r e c o g n i t i o n scanners with O p t i c a l Character Recognition (OCR) t e c h n o l o g y can identify written c h a r a c t e r s and t h e r e b y a l l o w i n g a d d i t i o n a l comments a f t e r m u l t i p l e c h o i c e e n t r i e s [PC M a g a z i n e . November 29, 1 9 8 8 ] . Unfortunately, at t h e i r present stage of development, the pattern recognition ability of t h e s e s c a n n e r s i s s t i l l r a t h e r weak; t h e r e f o r e , the w r i t e r o f t e n has t o be t r a i n e d t o w r i t e i n a c e r t a i n way. However, due t o t h e r e l a t i v e l y low s e t up c o s t of these systems (approximately $ 2,000 f o r the s c a n n e r , $ 1,000 f o r t h e t r a n s l a t o r , and $ 200 for the customized database i n t e r f a c e ) , they should be further investigated.  4)  The V o i c e E n t r y S y s t e m - v o i c e e n t r y capabilities exist and are being u s e d by the U.S. Corps of E n g i n e e r s f o r an i n s p e c t i o n s y s t e m . [ 6 : 1 1 ] Such a  43 s y s t e m may b e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r some p a r t s o f t h e DSRS, f o r example, n a r r a t i v e r e p o r t s on d i s c u s s i o n s , d e l a y s and i n s p e c t i o n s . U n f o r t u n a t e l y , t h i s s y s t e m r e q u i r e s t h e f o r e f r o n t o f computer hardware which i s not y e t r e a d i l y a c c e s s i b l e commercially. Moreover, i m p l e m e n t a t i o n o f such a system i s l i k e l y t o be v e r y expensive.  3.4.2  THE DATA ENTRY PROCESS The  prototype  hereafter criteria  adheres  an  because  kind. into  works  this  F o r example, t h e system  step d e s c r i p t i o n  is  directly copy  with  format.  error  directory <return>".  possible, The  the  order  display  general  i s that the  t h e system  and n o t w i t h shortcomings  system  has n o t been  constraints.  This  of i t s  programmed and  other  be d i s c u s s e d w i t h i n t h e f o l l o w i n g s t e p - b y of the data  entry process  of the prototype  the e n t i r e data entry  process  i n F i g u r e 3.14.  system of  System  c a n be e n t e r e d  the  hard  The b a t c h  file,  disk  from drive  any d i r e c t o r y by  typing  t o commence  o r sub"dsrsin  d s r s i n . b a t , has been w r i t t e n f o r  a c c e s s i n g dBASE I I I PLUS and t h e dBASE p r o g r a m , in  described  idea  prototype  checking  E n t e r i n g t h e Data C o l l e c t i o n This  System  Invariably,  i s the f i r s t  A flowchart outlining  presented  as  3.1.  due t o t i m e  deficiencies will  system.  much  i n section  intermediate hard  exist  Collection  t o , as  outlined  superintendent  Data  the data  entry  process.  mainin.prg, The  first  s c r e e n i s t h e dBASE I I I PLUS L i c e n s e A g r e e m e n t w h i c h  F i g u r e 3.14 - F l o w c h a r t o f t h e D a t a E n t r y P r o c e s s  CSoreen-By-Sorc»n)  45  ©  SEARCH COMPLETED  4  ITEM 3 MENU  ^  1  SEARCH i FINI "SD" " I P " , "I " I D " ACTYS  SUCCESSFUL SEARCH •  ITEM 2 STATUS="ID" FOR A L L ACTVS. FOUND  FLAG = 1  / INPUT WORK FORCE/ INFO.  "SAT." OR "EXCELLENTPRODUCT 'N  END  3  F i g u r e 3.14 - C o n t i n u e d  46 is  not  the  part  first  of  data  the entry  B a s i c D a i l y Job i s the  and  a l l of  the  The  field,  PROJECT  automatically  AM  and  PM  operator If  a  menu  be  made.  presented  fields:  fields i n the  just  an  they  editing. checking  must be  i t  last  i s not  on  e n t r y s c r e e n would appear as  been  entered,  after  the  entire  other previous  data  entries  entry process  the  (either  could change for  HOURS  be from  these  WORKED  IN  HOURS OF  OVERTIME.  to  facilitate  possible  screen.  be  made  i s over)  i f so d e s i r e d .  description.  used  soon as t h e  corrections could  the  provided,  to  important  every  present,  and  i n order very  the  t h e e n t r y would  be  BY,  PROJECT  However,  response  may  AFTERNOON,  the  i t is  response  likely  ENTERED  field  is  i t e m number) and  DATA  is  3.15),  corresponding  At  appropriate  data  no  the  weather  anticipated  changeable  Finally, f o r the  to  completed.  From  improved.  they  SUPERINTENDENT,  be  projname.dbf.  be  the  Figure  must  find  screen,  MORNING, HOURS WORKED IN But  skip  h i g h l i g h t e d because  will  entry  this  (see  characteristics  select  the  fields  appropriate  o r w i t h an  wherever For  can  screen  computer.  database  Moreover,  day-to-day.  the  computer  weather  a highlight  i s not  by  the  type  of  o p e r a t o r would with  NAME,  the  WEATHER must  entry  highlighted entry  from  to  Screen  data  entered  name  h i t <return>  screen).  first  entered,  project  (simply  Information  This  NUMBER  system  to  have  error  Since the last  next  field  (at l e a s t to this  had  until or  any  BASIC DAILY JOB INFORMATION PROJECT NUMBER: I M i l l i M d  DATE:  PROJECT NAME: 2020 HIGHBURY | SUPERINTENDENT: [jg  DATA ENTERED BY:  Qg  UEATHER <if appropriate. enter- CLEAR. CLOUDY. RAINY, or SNOUY) ___Q__RAINY  _______CLOUDY c  TEMPERATURE HI: RAIN:  njE£  • TEMPERATURE LO: Q)  SNOU: |JH_ MM  nn  HOURS UORKED IN HORNING: WM'M  UIND: K  C  kph  HOURS UORKED IN AFTERNOON: _E~s1  HOURS OF OUERTIME: •iW'.Ttl Rec: 53^53  Figure 3.15 - Basic Daily Job InforMation  PROJECT NUMBER: JS01066  Screen  SITE CONDITIONS DATE: 08/16/88  ACCESS TO SITE CPP=PO0R/PF=P0OR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GO0D/GG=GO0D>: DESCRIPTION:  gj  ^K^EKEKKKK^^^^^^^KKKKKKKEKKK^^^nKKK^^KB  REMARKS: HIJ1I.I Press CONTROL—PGDN to enter a renark; CONTROL—PGUP to return. STORAGE ON SITE CPP=POOR/PF=POOR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GOOD>: [Jj DESCRIPTION:  ^^B^^^nKKKKKE^^^^^^^^nKKKKKRKK^^^nKM  REMARKS: B r m Press CONTROL-PGDN to enter a reftttrk; CONTROL-PGUP to return. GROUND CONDITIONS <PP=POOR/PF=POOR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GOOD):  i;iiln«;ill»l!Bj>:4JiW-4^i»rirMllIli»*3r3ri^^^^^^^^^^^p^^mm|^^^ BHBB Press CONTROL-PGDN to enter a renark: CONTROL—PGUP to return.  DESCRIPTION: REMARKS:  gj]  IIB91II  Rec:  53/53  Figure 3.16 - S i t e Conditions Screen  48  Site Conditions For data  this  screen  input  (see Figure  screens,  automatically are  Screen  carried  PROJECT over  not highlighted  so  that  A n t i c i p a t e d responses  ON S I T E ,  a n d GROUND  do  fields  for additional  The  purpose  any unusual  "N < r e t u r n > " ,  screen,  I f not,  i f implemented,  STORAGE  should  I f t h e DESCRIPTION  room  f o r data  five  hand,  types  screen  entry,  i s to find  the operator  t o the question  and t h e system  the other  would  respond  be  fields REMARKS on t h e  o u t whether o r  i f a n i n p u t prompt  would  t h a t day  answer  t o t h e Updating  wishes  t o record  Menu. any o f  either  by  t h e <return> key (that  i s i n t h e format,  response  ofthe  on t h e s c r e e n ,  "Yes" t o t h e q u e s t i o n hitting  (see  "No", b y  a t t h e bottom  developments l i s t e d  "Y < r e t u r n > " o r s i m p l y  the anticipated  proceed  i fthe operator  o f unusual  o r she would  then  accidently  TO S I T E ,  d e v e l o p m e n t s were e n c o u n t e r e d  typing  is,  be  And t h e y  space.  of this  3.17).  typing  cannot  are  Prompt  Figure  he  DATE  screen.  f o r ACCESS  CONDITIONS,  sufficient  Unusual Development  the  and  c o u l d b e opened up ( r e f e r t o t h e i n s t r u c t i o n s  screen)  On  they  f r o m t h e p r e v i o u s work day.  not provide  not  NUMBER  from t h e f i r s t  edited.  those  3.16) a n d a l l s u b s e q u e n t  i s "Yes").  "... [Y/N]?  [Y]:",  49  UNUSUAL DEVELOPMENTS: . Strikes/Job Actions . P o t e n t i a l Probleris . O v e r a l l Job D e l a y s . Disputes . Others  U e r e any o f t h e a b o v e e n c o u n t e r e d  Connand  IIB9DII  Rec:  F i g u r e 3.17 - U n u s u a l  Any STRIKES/JOB ACTIONS  today  CY/N1? C Y l :  EOF/53  Developnent  PrOMpt  CY/N]? CY]:  Rec:  EOF/53  F i g u r e 3.18 - S t r i k e s A J o b A c t i o n s ProMpt  50 Unusual  Developments  Instead of  unusual  of  Screen  having  a  menu c o n s i s t i n g  developments t o choose  a more r o b u s t  scheme.  Upon r e s p o n d i n g  Development  Prompt,  of  types of unusual  the  five  Figures  3.18  questions (see  to  Figure  also  unusual  Updating As  entries  the  system  "Yes"  types  utilizes  t o the  Unusual each  d e v e l o p m e n t s one  a t a time  (see  the  reply  Unusual  to  any  thus  TYPE  not  the  type  field  the  has  five  Screen  of  unusual  (note  that i t  editable) .  system  o f t h e same t y p e  of  Developments  corresponding  entry,  five  input to  the  highlighted,  the  solicit  stored i n the  development  additional  would  "Yes"  up  with  already  not  system  A  bring  3.23)  development is  the  3.22).  would  from,  of  After  each  provision  for  (see F i g u r e 3.24).  Menu indicated  facilitates  by  its title,  updating  Work  this  Force  menu  (see F i g u r e  Information  and  3.25)  Activity  Information.  Unless "Begin day. the  i t i s the  Updating",  first  should  I t a i d s the user trade  started  by  responsible)  on  DESCRIPTION,  the  last  ACTIVITY  n o t h a v e t o be  be  day  of  the  first  recalling that  working  was day.  DESCRIPTION,  re-entered f o r these  system  any in  item  selected  activity progress,  This and  implementation,  means  ACTIVITY  activities.  (and  each hence  idle,  or  that  TRADE  CODE  would  Any  POTENTIAL PROBLEMS CY/Nl? CYI:  IIB9BII  F i g u r e 3.19  Any  1/31  Rec:  - Potential  Probletis  Prompt  OUERALL JOB DELAYS t Y / N l ? CYI:  CoriMand  Rec:  F i g u r e 3.20  - Overall  1/31  Job D e l a y s  Proript  Any DISPUTES CY/Nl? C Y ] :  CoMMand  IIBSlll  Rec=  F i g u r e 3.21 - D i s p u t e s  1/31  Pronpt  Any OTHER UNUSUAL DEVELOPMENTS CY/N3? C Y ] :  Rec:  Figure  3.ZZ - O t h e r  Unusual  1/31  D e u e l o p r i e n t s PrOMpt  UNUSUAL DEVELOPMENTS  PROJECT NUMBER: JS01066  DATE: 88/16/88  TYPE: OTHER UNUSUAL DEVELOPMENTS DESCRIPTION:  B^i^^H^HHIHBB^^H^^HHHHHHH^Hi^^H  ESTIMATED TIME LOST TO OVERALL JOB: m REMARKS: BSm  Days  Press CONTROL-PGDN to enter a remark: CONTROL-PGUP to return.  Rec:  3Z/3Z  Figure 3.Z3 - Unusual Developments Screen  Another record CY/N]? CY]:  Rec:  E0F/3Z  Figure 3.Z4 - A d d i t i o n a l Entry ProMpt  54  UPDATE.UORK FORCE INFORMATION S ACTIUITY  1) B e g i n  INFORMATION:  Updating  2> Update an A d d i t i o n a l 3) F i n i s h e d  Trade  Updating / Q u i t  P l e a s e Make a c h o i c e :  •  llfBBII F i g u r e 3.Z5 - U p d a t i n g  Any  uork  performed  Menu  by GENERAL CONTRACTOR CY/NI7 C Y ] :  Rec:  F i g u r e 3.26 - Uork F o r c e  5Z1/530  I n f o r m a t i o n ProMpt  55 Item for  2,  "Update  updating  any  activities. these  DESCRIPTION,  is  new  Since  regarding  However,  an A d d i t i o n a l or  returning  there  is  activities,  and ACTIVITY  CODE  activities  of this  ( s a y ones t h a t  entry.  item  on t h e U p d a t i n g Menu.  for  entering  scheduling these a  program.  mechanism  Monitoring  Finally,  Upon Updating  new  information  that  item are  entered  of  forthcoming within the  to facilitate  a s an a d d i t i o n a l  2 would  only  already  could,  be u s e d i n the  i n turn,  the scheduling  This  manually. System ( i t  to start  not  f o r inserting  ACTIVITY  such  insert  program  given  information  i s known a s R e a l  as Time  and C o n t r o l .  item  3,  "Finished  Updating  t h e Data C o l l e c t i o n  Information selecting Menu,  be  be i n c l u d e d  and d u r a t i o n s .  executed t o e x i t  Work F o r c e  starting  t o the Scheduling  A n d t h e DSRS  i s added  logic  must  Then,  back i n t o  used  DESCRIPTION,  up on t h e s c r e e n  could  activities  new a c t i v i t i e s  activity Job  option  be  previous  r e p o r t ) , a menu  n e x t 2 weeks) c o u l d b e c a l l e d This  no  are scheduled  data  should  trades  TRADE  i f t h e DSRS i s l i n k e d  n o t a t t h e time  Trade",  database  progress,  idle,  item  1,  is  System.  "Begin  begins  (actyinfo.dbf) or started  name o f t h e t r a d e  Quit",  Prompt  t h e system  activity  /  Updating",  i t s search  f o ra c t i v i t i e s  on t h e l a s t  responsible  from  the  through  the  t h a t were i n  working  f o r the f i r s t  day.  activity  The found  56 is  used  in  3.26).  the  I f the  system would (for to  idle)  Work  operator  this trade. activity  with  another  trade  activity  fulfilling  If  Screens  Information w o u l d be  Prompt,  along  screens.  A in  Furthermore, all  of  data  the  do  However,  i f  screen  full  forget  to  thereby Thus,  3.27a the  this  WORK  job  to data  continues  the "ID"  belonging (until  been  the  found)  Prompt u s i n g a  different  on  day,  site  that  the  the  first  Work  Work  Force  Information  via  Work  each the  3.27b)  TYPE  Otherwise,  they  the  change  entry risk  responses  very  and  Force  data  could  be  much  the  item  he  of  be  two  trades  because day  here.  or  she  for  these  to  operator  recording false  should  the  interrupted  responses, when  the  entry  from  is  recorded  programmed  input  process  on  of  Force  DESCRIPTION  must be  a l l  selective  a  items  expedite  responses  entry  other  showing  would  anticipated  increasing  anticipated  search  FORCE  requiring  the  check  and  menu  anticipated  tend  the  a l l of  pull-down  of  question,  A C T I V I T Y STATUS o f  and  reaches  with  items  not  Figure  Screens  Figures  manually  this  i n the  was  "Yes"  already entered.  involved  to  (see  appears.  operator  (see  trade  respond  Information  the  found  Information  this  Information Screen  If  "No"  t h e above c o n d i t i o n has  Work F o r c e  would  Work F o r c e  answers  Prompt  Then t h e s e a r c h p r o c e s s  name.  operator  Information  a u t o m a t i c a l l y i s s u e an  f o r each  last  Force  day. on  a  might  returns,  information.  incorporated with  due  UORK FORCE INFORMATION  DATE: 08/16/88  PROJECT NUMBER: JS01066 UORK FORCE TYPE <0=OUN FORCE/S=SUBTRADE): _ DESCRIPTOR G E N E R A L C O N T R A C T O R CONTRACT AUARDED <Y=YES/N=NO/H=HOURLY>: _ REMARK: UORK AUAILABLE (Y=YES/N=NO): REMARK:  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _  Rec: 1Z0/1Z0  IIBBBII  Figure 3.Z7a - Uork Force Infornation Screen 1  T O T A L NUMBER O F MEN ( F O R E M E N / O T H E R ) : .  S K I L L LEUEL REMARK:  .  .  _Q / __l  <PP=P00R/PF=P00R-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GOOD):  ^^m^m^mmm^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  S U F F I C I E N T TO MEET J O B C O N D I T I O N S CY=YES/N=NO): REMARK: ^^^^^^^^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^_B_B__ TURNOUER  (Y=YES/N=N0  REMARK: DRAUINGS AUAILABLE (Y=YES/N=NO REMARK: QUALITY REMARK:  (PP=POOR/PF=POOR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GO0D):  . DETAILING CI=INADEQUATE/A=ADEQUATE): _ REMARK: _ B _ a B _ i _ i _ ^ _ ^ _ ^ _ ^ _ ^ _ ^ _ ^ | i  IIBBBII  Figure 3.27b - Uork Force I n f o r r a t i o n Screen Z  58 consideration. screens active  only  t o be  Information  Each entered,  time  completed  items  once  filled  after  Work  I f the operator's  Information  Screen  Force  t h e system  t h e Equipment  asks  two  f o r each  t h e TRADE  Upon  fashion  as  Prompt  (see Figure  Figure  3.31). here  A  would  inconsistent  field  (otherwise,  entries  3.30)  pull-down expedite  a  are solicited  delivery  new  by  an  standardized data And  entry  that  input menu  of  as w e l l  t h e system  information  i s also  Accident  captured  Delivery input).  i s by  a  screen (see equipment  as e l i m i n a t e  uses  t h e same  entries.  A c c i d e n t I n f o r m a t i o n Prompt / A c c i d e n t I n f o r m a t i o n requests  was  i n exactly the  Information,  followed  descriptions.  system  o f one  Screen  i n F i g u r e 3.24 t o a c c e p t a d d i t i o n a l  The  3.28)  already  the completion  back t o a l l o w f u r t h e r  f o r Delivery  prompt  been  A r e p l y o f "No" w o u l d t a k e t h e u s e r  i s brought  Usage  had  i s "Yes", t h e D e l i v e r y  E q u i p m e n t Usage Prompt / E q u i p m e n t Usage Equipment  Screen  (see F i g u r e  whether o r n o t another  Usage  Information Screen  prompt  p e r day  Prompt  with  3.29).  ( s e e F i g u r e 3.24).  items  these  Information  response  emerges  out (see Figure  record,  same  on  Prompt / D e l i v e r y I n f o r m a t i o n  the Delivery Information  appears.  to  have  the information  trade.  Delivery  made  NOTE:  Information  i n t h e same way.  Screen  next. First,  This the  Any D e l i v e r i e s  [ Y / N l ? CY.]:  Rec=  1Z0/1Z0  F i g u r e 3.28 - D e l i v e r y I n f o r m a t i o n  DELIVERY  Protipt  INFORMATION  PROJECT NUMBER: JS01066 TRADE: GENERAL DESCRIPTION:  DATE:  08/16/88  CONTRACTOR ZS MPA CONCRETE (FOR LAST OF STRIP FTGS)  SUPPLIER:  QUANTITY DELIUERED:  _1  UNITS:  ON TIME (Y=YES/N=NO): Q QUALITY REMARKS:  (PP=POOR/PF=POOR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GOOD):  BHffl  P r e s s CONTROL-PGDN  to enter a renark:  Rec:  CONTROL—PGUP  93/33  F i g u r e 3.29 - D e l i v e r y I n f o r m a t i o n  gj]  Screen  to return.  Any E q u i p m e n t Used CY/N1? [ Y ] :  EIB9BII  Rec=  F i g u r e 3.30 - E q u i p m e n t Usage  EOF/93  Prompt  EQUIPMENT USAGE  PROJECT NUMBER: JS01066 TRADE: GENERAL  DESCRIPTION:  DATE: 08/16/88  CONTRACTOR  M » a t » a l i l i i l : m » 3 i r n — ^ 1 ^ M ^ ^ M  0=OUNED OR R=RENTAL: NUMBER OF ITEMS:  |jj  g]  TOTAL NUMBER OF HOURS USED: •:•'.!'.! REMARKS:  BI38TJ1  P r e s s CONTROL-PGDN  t o e n t e r a remark; CONTROL-PGUP  Rec:  F i g u r e 3.31 - E q u i p m e n t Usage  136/136  Screen  to return.  61 Accident is  Information  followed  Figure  Activity  Screen  i f so  Information  required.  (see F i g u r e  arrives  3.34)  t h e TRADE,  function  (item  Otherwise, first  Finally,  It  screen (see  the process  1  only  at the A c t i v i t y  through  (ACTIVITY)  CODE w o u l d be a l r e a d y f i l l e d  the  input  3.32).  is  Screen  the operator  Prompt,  (see F i g u r e  w i t h t h e prompt i n F i g u r e 3.24.  Information  If  appears  by t h e A c c i d e n t  3.33),  completed  prompt  of  Force  DESCRIPTION,  Information  and  (ACTIVITY)  o u t because t h e s e a r c h and f i n d  Updating  t h e TRADE  a Work  Information  field  Menu)  is still  would  be c a r r i e d  Work F o r c e I n f o r m a t i o n  activated. over  from  Screen.  R e a s o n s f o r U n s a t i s f a c t o r y R a t e o f P r o d u c t i o n Menu If on  unsatisfactory  an  Activity  Unsatisfactory would  be  identify  Information  Rate  t h e next a cause  Delay  TYPE first  of Production display  into  "U", i s r e c o r d e d  the  Menu  screen.  t h e TYPE  Reasons  (see Figure  This  menu  3.35)  i s used  rate of production  field  for  o f t h e Delay  to  which  / Rework  Screen.  / Rework I n f o r m a t i o n The  Screen,  of unsatisfactory  would be i n s e r t e d Information  RATE OF PRODUCTION,  TRADE,  fields appears  ACTIVITY  would  be  Screen DESCRIPTION,  already  on t h e m o n i t o r  filled  ACTIVITY  o u t when  (see F i g u r e  3.36).  CODE, this  and  screen  After the  Figure  3.3Z - A c c i d e n t  Infornation  Proiipt  ACCIDENT INFORMATION  PROJECT NUMBER: JSB1066  DATE:  08/16/88  TRADE: GENERAL CONTRACTOR  DESCIRPTION:  REMARKS: IJIJiM P r e s s  CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r  a renark:  CONTROL-PGUP t o r e t u r n .  IIBBBII Figure  3.33 - A c c i d e n t  Inforiiation  Screen  ACTIUITY  INFORMATION  PROJECT NUMBER: JS01066 TRADE: GENERAL CONTRACTOR  DATE: 08/16/88  DESCRIPTION: FSP STRIP FOOTINGS + INT. STEP FTGS. CODE UORK TODAY: POURED LAST OF STRIP FOOTINGS  ACTIVITY STATUS <SD=STAHTED/IP=IN PROGRESS/ID=IDLE/FD=FINISHED /SF=STARTED AND FINISHED ON THE SAME DAY):  RATE OF PRODUCTION (E=EXCELLENT/S=SATISFACTORY/U=UNSATISFACTORY): QUANTIFY PRODUCTIVITY I F POSSIBLE: • ^ • ^ • ^ ^ • ^ • • • • • ^  g  • l  QUALITY OF UORK (PP=POOR/PF=POOR-FAIR/FF=FAIR/FG=FAIR-GOOD/GG=GOOD): gg REMARKS: BBgffl P r e s s CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r a remark: CONTROL-PGUP t o r e t u r n .  IIBSBII  F i g u r e 3.34 - A c t i v i t y  Rec:  531/531  Information  Screen  REASONS FOR UNSATISFACTORY RATE OF PRODUCTION: 1) Reuork Due t o D e s i g n E r r o r Z) R e u o r k Due t o P r e f a b r i c a t i o n E r r o r 3) R e u o r k Due t o F i e l d E r r o r o r Damage 4 ) Ouner I n i t i a t e d Change O r d e r s / E x t r a U o r k 5) M a n d a t o r y Change O r d e r s / E x t r a Uork 6) C o n t r a c t o r I n i t i a t e d Change O r d e r s / E x t r a Uork 7) D e l a y s Due t o U a i t i n g f o r M a t e r i a l s : u a r e h o u s e / v e n d o r 8) D e l a y s Due t o U a i t i n g f o r T o o l s 9) D e l a y s Due t o U a i t i n g f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n E q u i p m e n t 10) D e l a y s Due t o U a i t i n g f o r I n f o r m a t i o n / D e c i s i o n s 11) D e l a y s Due t o U a i t i n g f o r O t h e r C r e u i s 1Z) D e l a y s Due t o U a i t i n g f o r F e l l o u C r e u Members 13) E q u i p m e n t B r e a k d o u n 14) U n e x p l a i n e d o r U n n e c e s s a r y Moue 15) L a t e I n s p e c t i o n 16) S t r i k e / J o b A c t i o n 17) Ueather 18) O t h e r s 19) No F u r t h e r R e a s o n s f o r U n s a t i s f a c t o r y R a t e o f P r o d u c t i o n  F i g u r e 3.35 - R e a s o n s f o r U n s a t i s f a c t o r y R a t e o f P r o d u c t i o n  Menu  DELAY / REUORK INFORMATION PROJECT NUMBER: JS01066  DATE:  0B/16/8B  TRADE: GENERAL CONTRACTOR ACTIUITY DESCRIPTION: F&P SLAB ON GRADE CODE: G304PK TYPE: UEATHER DESCRIPTION  ESTIMATED  COULD NOT POUR DUE TO RAIN  ACTIUITY DELAY: ~ ~ ~ H r s .  REMARKS: asm  ESTIMATED MAN—HOURS LOST:  P r e s s CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r a r e t i a r k :  IIBBBII  Rec:  CONTROL-PGUP t o r e t u r n .  3Z/33  F i g u r e 3.36 - D e l a y / R e u o r k I n f o r t i a t i o n  Another  probleri  of this  WM:\:\  Screen  t y p e CY/N17 CY3:  Rec:  F i g u r e 3.37 - A d d i t i o n a l  Entry  EOF/33  Pronpt  IIBB-ill  65 last  item  on  additional take  the  the  screen  input  (see  operator  to  Menu  problem or  exit  the  bring  new  Delay  a  Figure  back  Rate of Production  up  i s entered,  The  Log  menu).  from  Menu  or  the an  responds  A  /  Rework  Log  system reply  Reasons  r e p l y of  Log  (see  Log  Screen  (see  Figure  3.24  the  And to  response to the  Testing  Log  The  Figure 3.24  system  to  (see  Inspection  the  Log  T e s t i n g Log  for  Figure And  accept item  utilizes  be  its  the  Prompt  user  up  TYPE f i e l d s  the  TRADE, already  prompt  in  However, i f  i s "No",  Information  the  next  in exactly  Information,  followed  by  an  completed  Since f o r an  that  input  i t uses the  additional tests. to  the  bring with  an  Production  If  would 3.39)  follows  Screen  Testing  once a g a i n ,  the  Prompt.  Inspection  3.40)  with  of  additional inspections.  acquires  as  3.41).  information  also  Prompt / T e s t i n g Log  fashion  prompt  system  solicit  d i s p l a y w o u l d be  same  the  would  entry.  3.38)  Screen.  Figure  another  Screen  A C T I V I T Y DESCRIPTION, A C T I V I T Y CODE, and out.  Screen,  Figure  system  would  "Yes"  r e g i s t e r e d , f o r data  Information the  filled  identify  Information  Prompt  "Yes",  "No"  for  Unsatisfactory  Reasons f o r U n s a t i s f a c t o r y Rate Activity  prompts  of  for can  Whereas, a  with  Inspection  the  Prompt / I n s p e c t i o n  Inspection  exit  3.37).  (where t h e u s e r  same TYPE o f p r o b l e m a l r e a d y  Inspection  the  screen  prompt this  is  in  the  by  a  (see Figure  is  the  last  activity,  the  next  Any  Inspections  associated uith  FSP STRIP FOOTINGS + INT. STEP FTGS.  IIBBIII  Rec:  F i g u r e 3.38 - I n s p e c t i o n  CY/ND? CYJ:  531/531  Log Protipt  INSPECTION LOG  PROJECT  NUMBER: JSB1B66  DATE:  08/16/88  TRADE: GENERAL CONTRACTOR ACTIUITY DESCRIPTION: F5P STRIP FOOTINGS + INT. STEP FTGS. CODE: GZZ5FN  DESCRIPTION:  REMARKS: EHBffl P r e s s  CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r a r e i i a r k :  Rec:  F i g u r e 3.39 - I n s p e c t i o n  CONTROL-PGUP t o r e t u r n .  37/37  Log Screen  Any T e s t s  associated  uith  F&P STRIP FOOTINGS + INT. STEP FTGS.  Figure  3.40 - T e s t i n g  CY/ND? CYI=  Log Proript  TESTING LOG  PROJECT  NUMBER: JS01066  DATE:  08/16/88  TRADE: GENERAL CONTRACTOR ACTIUITY DESCRIPTION: F&P STRIP FOOTINGS + INT. STEP FTGS. CODE: GZZ5FN  DESCRIPTION:  REMARKS: | ~ f ~ P r e s s  CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r  IIBBBII  a rerork;  Rec:  Figure  3.41 - T e s t i n g  CONTROL—PGUP t o r e t u r n .  ZZ/ZZ  Log Screen  68 screen  can  Information prompt  either  be  Prompt,  f o r another  the  Activity  activity  Updating  Menu,  Information  Work  Screen  f o r t h e same t r a d e  Force or  the  (see Figure  3.42) .  The described  dBASE  source  code  above c a n be found  f o r t h e Data  Collection  i n A p p e n d i x C.  System  69  Another a c t i v i t y f o r t h i s  trade  CY/ND? CY1:  Rec=  Figure  5Z7/S36  3.4Z - A d d i t i o n a l A c t i v i t y  Prompt  70  4.0  DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMPUTERIZED DATA REPORTING SYSTEM  4.1  GENERAL CRITERIA The  audience will  Data R e p o r t i n g than  n o t be  example,  reports. criteria to this  solely  the  availability requires  t h e Data  System s h o u l d be c a t e r e d t o a Collection  operated  project  by  quality  control  Nevertheless, o f t h e Data system.  Collection  t h e former  to  whereas,  the  superintendent  and  change  of  the  System  know  For  needs  information many  since  the superintendent.  manager  and p r o d u c t i v i t y ;  System  larger  general  labour  order  development  are also applicable  The f o l l o w i n g i s a l i s t  f o r t h e development o f t h e Data R e p o r t i n g  of general  criteria  System:  1)  The s y s t e m should b e menu d r i v e n . Pre-defined reports could then be accessed upon the s p e c i f i c a t i o n o f time span, a c t i v i t y , t r a d e , e t c ;  2)  The system s h o u l d be f l e x i b l e . I t should allow tailoring o f output for different audiences (eg. broader time span summary information f o r the p r o j e c t manager and more d e t a i l e d s h o r t e r d u r a t i o n information f o r the superintendent);  3)  The system s h o u l d be c a p a b l e o f e x p o r t i n g / i m p o r t i n g output data sets to/from other popular application software ( e g . L o t u s 1-2-3, MS Word) a n d p r o c e s s i n g them a s r e q u i r e d ;  4)  The s y s t e m s h o u l d i n c l u d e g r a p h i c a l o u t p u t s a s w e l l as text reports. Displays that incorporate p i c t u r e s , graphs, c o l o u r s , e t c . a r e always e a s i e r t o  71 comprehend; a n d 5) The system should have prohibit i l l e g a l accessing  4.2  a security feature to of stored information.  DEVELOPMENT SOFTWARE  Recall limited  the  to  system  development. again  selected  presented  of  this  i n v e s t i g a t i o n has  conceptualization  Therefore, on  compatibility,  Lotus  objective  the  development  basis  accessibility,  hereafter  only  were  of  prepared  not  software  their  and  and  ease  with  software  were  of  capacity.  once  operation,  The  dBASE  been  outputs  I I I PLUS  and  1-2-3.  dBASE I I I PLUS In dBASE  I I I PLUS  friendly reports fact,  addition  to the features  also  menu d r i v e n and  to  has r e p o r t i n g  calculate  created  and g e n e r a t e d w i t h  printed  output and  programming the  totals  functions  tasks  dBASE I I I PLUS u s e r  dBASE  the Assistant.  I I I PLUS  In  t o 4.3.4  were  I f more  (these  that  features  quick  fields.  elaborate  dBASE I I I PLUS h a s o t h e r  for printing  easier  4.3.1  3.2,  I t s user-  t o produce  f o r numeric  i n Sections  i s desired,  i n section  capabilities.  A s s i s t a n t c a n be used  a l l of the reports  commands  described  can  special  make  are discussed  the in  manuals).  also  has  built-in  dBASE  commands f o r  72 writing This  i t s database  makes  data  files  directly  transfer  for  to  Lotus  graphing  an  1-2-3  format.  extremely  easy  task.  Lotus  1-2-3 Lotus  1-2-3  capabilities  4.3  and  was  chosen  mainly  c o m p a t i b i l i t y with  for  DATA USES  simply  filed  away  processing.  at  Then,  construction claim, expensive task  reports is  to  f o r the find  reports  At at  graphical  dBASE I I I PLUS.  F o r most c o n s t r u c t i o n c o m p a n i e s , d a i l y  and  its  least  on  the  out  the for  the  contractor  pertinent  a regular  of  the  example,  of having  what  end  in  to search  be  day the  event  gained  the  from  the  any of  a  tedious  through each of Thus,  are  without  i s faced with  information.  can  site reports  these  next  analyzing  step these  basis.  construction  company  3 fundamental f u n c t i o n s  level,  these  reports  serve  through  daily  [38:4.15]:  1)  to maintain currency of the monitoring of job progress;  schedule  2)  to provide a basis for variance analysis r e c o r d i n g p r o b l e m s e n c o u n t e r e d on s i t e e a c h day;  3)  t o p r o v i d e k n o w l e d g e f o r u s e on f u t u r e p r o j e c t s s u c h as performance information about subcontractors, suppliers, designers, c l i e n t s , etc..  by and  73 At  the  project  level,  such  reports  f o l l o w i n g management f u n c t i o n s . Time  Control;  . Cost  Control;  . Quality  support  . Variance  [38:4.18]:  Control;  Analysis; Preparation;  . A s s e s s m e n t o f S i t e Management E f f e c t i v e n e s s ; . Change O r d e r  In  order  reports daily  have  to been  prepared data  condominium p r o j e c t  three  from  above  claims,  and  half  two  collected  a  for  an  employed  5.0).  for this  These  output  output  months  eleven  of  story  (the  actual  exercise  will  be  reports  come  in  formats:  1)  D a i l y Format i s presented;  2)  Time S e r i e s F o r m a t - i n f o r m a t i o n f o r a s p e c i f i c s p a n i s p r e s e n t e d c h r o n o l o g i c a l l y ; and  3)  Frequency o f O c c u r r e n c e Format - i n f o r m a t i o n o f the same type (eg. POTENTIAL PROBLEMS) is grouped t o g e t h e r and p r e s e n t e d c h r o n o l o g i c a l l y .  Moreover,  both  incorporated. used  section  different  the  c u r r e n t l y under c o n s t r u c t i o n  method o f d a t a c o l l e c t i o n in  and  Control.  substantiate  performance  discussed  the  Control;  . Subcontractor  . Claims  would  text In  for reporting  only  and  information  graphical  some i n s t a n c e s ,  both  a s i n g l e item of  for  a  specific  outputs types  of  information.  have outputs  day time  been are  74  4.3.1  GENERAL PROJECT INFORMATION This  in  the  category  Time  associated  Series  reports  productivity variance etc..  of  These  Format  are  levels  analysis  information  without  important  measured.  and  reports  c a n be data  they  project  a r e summarized  directly  analyzing.  i n explaining Thus,  seeking  reported  reasons  can  be  duration  i n Figures  The for  used f o r  extensions, 4.1a  through  4.4.  Figures namely, high  4.1a  Precipitation  amount  explain  and  of  lost  and h i g h e r  4.1b and  present  Temperature  precipitation  time  costs  and  ( e g . t o o wet (eg. had  weather Profiles.  extreme  an  Unusually  temperatures  f o r pouring  to rent  information,  slab  extra  on  grade)  w a t e r pump) .  Wind P r o f i l e h a s n o t b e e n  i n c l u d e d h e r e b e c a u s e no s u c h  was  since  collected.  operation  of  However,  t h e tower  crane,  lower than usual production  high  winds  i t could  rates.  be  may used  Threshold  to  lines  weather  temperature  above  conditions which  (eg.  concrete  and winds t h a t c r e a t e tower c r a n e  abnormal  A  data  inhibit  added t o t h e above p r o f i l e s t o emphasize t h e e x t e n t extreme  may  the  justify could of  be  these  precipitation,  p l a c i n g becomes a p r o b l e m , shutdown).  75  2020  HIGHBURY -  PRECIPITATION  PROFILE  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION  HOLIDAY ;  N = DATA NOT AVAILABLE  z o  /  7  /  /  / /  /  /  /  /  /• / f  A  SN  /  / /  f  / /  / /  I ' '  05/30  06/06  06/13  06/20  06/27  07/04  07/11  1  07/18  1  I '  ' '  07/25  1  I  1  1  08/01  1  ' I ' '  08/08  08/15  PERIOD FROM 0 6 / 0 1 / 8 8 TO 0 8 / 1 6 / 8 8  Figure 4.la - Precipitation  2020  HIGHBURY -  v s . Time  TEMPERATURE PROFILE  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION 32 H = HOLIDAY  30 28  -  N = DATA NOT AVAILABLE  26 24  -  22 20  -  18 16 14 12 10  -  8  -  6 4 2  05^Sb  06/06  06/13  06/20  06/27  ^ / 0 4  07/11  07/18  07/25  08^01  PERIOD FROM 0 6 / 0 1 / 8 8 TO 0 8 / 1 6 / 8 8 • LO + HI  F i g u r e 4.1b  - T e m p e r a t u r e v s . Time  08/08  08/15  76  Figures Access  to  4.2a  Site,  Generally,  account  site  on  costs.  deal  required.  with  to the three  site  of unfavourable  job.  A  more  should  levels  recorded.  explain poor  site  are  been  construction  level Figure  site  constant  size  minimize  worker  material  of  of  material  production  could  4.2d i s a t e x t  could  be due  supplement  Due t o t h e s u b j e c t i v e difficult  conditions  t o deduce t h e  on t h e p r o g r e s s  way  of  measuring  of  these  conceived.  to  4.3c  general  portray  contractor  a l l relevant Usage  i n that  kept  jobs,  could  storage  activities  i t i s very  Manpower  useful  t i m e and  access  rates  slow  as  Conditions.  lost  And  Manpower s u f f i c i e n c y ,  The  particularly  be  The  t h e s e examples.  had  Ground  handling  quantitative  4.3a  information.  crew  could  conditions profile.  outputs,  Figures  skill  and  conditions  o f double  substructure  nature of these  conditions  site  time c o s t s a s s o c i a t e d with  t o poor ground c o n d i t i o n s .  the  Site,  In p a r t i c u l a r ,  the great  equipment  impact  such  Less than adequate space f o r s i t e  rationalize  associated  report  conditions  f o r long waiting  deliveries.  and  4.2c  Storage  poor  hence, h i g h e r  to  at  to  been  turnovers, rates  a  constant  manpower chosen f o r and worker  of  production  i n Figure  i t shows w h e t h e r  i t would  turnovers.  has  Profile  i t i s desirable  because  trade  the size  of a  For  most  level. to  keep  imply  job  Moreover,  4.3a i s  a  crew  security  recurring  at  a  and  manpower  HIGHBURY - A C C E S S TO SITE  2 0 2 0  J . C. S C O n CONSTRUCTION  2 -i—•••• n 2 = GOOD  H = HOLIDAY  1 = FAIR-GOOD  N = DATA NOT AVAILABLE  0 = FAIR -1  = POOR-FAIR  -2  = POOR  •  • • • • • G ]  • • • • • • • • • • • •  H  1  1  05/30  1  I '  1  1  06/06  1  I  1  1  1  1  I  1  1  1  1  0 6 / 1 3 06/20  I  1  '  1  1  I  06/27  1  1  • • • • • • • • • • [ ]  H  '  1  I 'm  07/04  1  ' I  1  1  1  ' I  1  1  1  1  I  1  ' ' ' I ' ' ' •I  07/11 07/18 07/25  08/01 08/08 08/15  PERIOD FROM 0 6 / 0 1 / 8 8 TO 0 8 / 1 6 / 8 8  F i g u r e 4.2a - S i t e A c c e s s v s . Time  2 0 2 0  HIGHBURY -  STORAGE ON SITE  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION  -1.5  -  05/30  06/06  0 6 / 1 3 06/20  06/27  07/04  07/11 07/18 07/25  08/01 08/08 0 8 / 1 5  PERIOD FROM 0 6 / 0 1 / 8 8 TO 0 8 / 1 6 / 8 8  F i g u r e 4.2b - S i t e  Storage  C o n d i t i o n v s . Time  2 0 2 0  HIGHBURY -  GROUND  CONDITIONS  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION  : !I  E  2 = GOOD  H =  N = DATA NOT AVAILABLE  1 = FAIR-GOOD 0 =  _  HOLIDAY  FAIR  -1  =  -2  = POOR  POOR-FAIR  „„_,_,_,„_.__._.„_._„ TJ U U U U U L I U U U U L J U U  _ . „ _ _ _ , „ U U L J U U L L  „ „ „ „ „ „ „ — „ [J U U U U U U U U U U U U  IN  „  „ „ „ „ „ „ „ ! U U U D 1—1 L_J L_] LJ LJ LJ  H  -  I  05/30  06/06  1  1  1  06/13  ' I  06/20  ' '  06/27  '  1  A  07/04  07/11  07/18  07/25  08/01  08/08  PERIOD FROM 0 6 / 0 1 / 8 8 TO 0 8 / 1 6 / 8 8  F i g u r e 4.2c  - Ground  C o n d i t i o n s v s . Time  08/15  Page No. 04/E1/B9  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUHMARY REPORT 2050 HIGHBURY - SITE CONDITIONS  Date  Access To S i t e  Access Remarks  Storage •n S i t e  (SUPPLEMENT)  Storage Remarks  DUE TO NATURE OF JOB CFOR 6-8 WKS UNTIL SLAB POURED)  OB/01/BB 0G/05/BB 0B/03/8B 06/06/BB  Ground Conditions DUE TO RAIN AND CLAY  DUE TO POOR WEATHER STILL  06/07/88 06/OB/BB 06/OB/BB LOTS OF TRUCKS FROM BOTH SITES ON 5TH 8 ON HIGHBURY 0B/10/BB 06/13/BB 06/14/BB 06/15/BB 06/16/BB 0G/17/BB 06/50/BB 06/51/88 06/55/88 06/23/BB 06/54/BB 06/57/BB 06/5B/BB 06/59/BB 0B/30/BB 07/04/BB 07/0S/BB 07/OB/BB 07/07/8B 07/OB/BB 07/11/88 07/15/BB 07/13/BB RAMP IS BEING TAKEN OUT, TRUCKS CANNOT GET DOWN 07/14/BB BILL REGARDS THE REMOUAL OF THE RAMP LESS THAN JIM DOES 07/15/BB 07/1B/BB 07/19/BB 07/50/BB 07/21/B8 EVEN THOUGH RAMP BEING REMOUED, STILL CAN BE USED  CLAY 15 GETTING CHURNED UP ALONG SOUTH WALL  BECAUSE OF RAIN  IMPROVING BECAUSE FOUNDATION MOSTLY BACKFILLED  Figure  4.2d - S i t e  Conditions Text  Supplement  Ground C o n d i t i o n s Remarks  P a g e No. 04/21/B9 J.  C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT  2020 HIGHBURY - S I T E  Date  Access To S i t e  Access Remarks  5torage On S i t s  CONDITIONS  CSUPPLEMENT)  StoragB Remarks  IN GENERAL, S I T E COND. IMPROVING DUE TO PROGRESSIUE BACKFILL 0 7 / 2 5 / 8 8 S T I L L IMPROUING 07/2G/BB S T I L L IMPROUING 07/2-7/BB 07/2B/BB 07/29/BB 0B/02/BB 08/03/88 0B/04/8B OB/OS/BB 0B/0B/8B 0B/09/BB 0B/10/B8 OB/ll/BB 0B/12/BB 0B/15/BB 0B/16/BB  Ground Condi-tions  Ground C o n d i t i o n s Remarks  07/22/BB  NOT MUCH EXPOSED GROUND L E F T  Figure 4.2d - Continued  o  81  2 0 2 0  HIGHBURY -  G. C. MANPOWER USAGE  NT  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION 14  -  13  -  12  -  o z  11  -  Z a.  UJ . UJ H  • •••  10  -  UJ CL  9  -  UJ  8  -  _j <j X UJ  7  -  6  -  UJ  5  -  I = INSUFFICIENT MEN  U-  4  -  T = TURNOVER  3  -  H =  2  -  N = DATA NOT AVAILABLE  1  -  0  -  D in  o z>  z  2  o  = flc <  OT  _J  HOLIDAY  1-  06/06  05/  06/13  06/20  06/27  CT7/04  07/11  PERIOD FROM 0 6 / 0 1 / 8 8 TO  F i g u r e 4.3a  2 0 2 0  07/18  07/25  08/*01  08/08  08/15  OB/16/88  - Manpower Usage v s . Time  HIGHBURY -  G. C. CREW SKILL LEVEL  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION  -0.5  I  05/30  06/06  06/13  1  06/20  1  1  1  I '  1  06/27  1  ' I  1  1  07/04  ' ' I  1  ' '  07/11  1  I  1  1  1  1  07/18  I '  1  '  07/25  ' I  08/01  08/08  PERIOD FROM 0 6 / 0 1 / 8 8 TO 0 8 / 1 6 / 8 8  F i g u r e 4.3b  - Crew S k i l l  L e v e l v s . Time  08/15  Page No. 04/S1/B9  J . C. 5C0TT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT 5050 HIGHBURY  Date  Work Uork A v a i l a b i l i t y A v a i l a b l e ? Remarks C . T . - Yes, .F.- No )  06/05/B8 .T. 0G/03/BB .T. 05/OB/BB .T.  06/53/BB 06/54/BB 06/57/BB 06/5B/B8 06/59/BB 06/30/BB 07/04/BB 07/05/B8 07/06/88 07/07/BB 07/OB/BB 07/11/BB 07/15/BB 07/13/BB 07/14/BB 07/15/8B 07/1B/BB 07/19/BB 07/50/B8 07/51/68 07/55/BB 07/55/BB  Crew S k i l l L e v e l Remarks  S u F f i c i e n t Men To Meet Job C o n d i t i o n s Remarks  Turnover Remarks  3 600D 8 3 NOT 50 GOOD TRYING TO WEED OUT STILL HAUE SOME GOOD, 50ME NOT 50 GDOD  0B/01/BB .T.  06/07/ BB OB/OB/ BB 06/09/ BB 06/10/ BB 06/13/ BB 06/14/ BB 06/15/ BB 06/16/ BB 06/17/ BB 06/50/ BB 06/51/ BB 06/55/ BB  G. C. MANPOWER INFORMATION CSUPPLEMENT)  ONE GUY HAD A HEARTATTACK OUER THE WEEKEND  .T.  .T. .T. .T. .T. .T.  LAID OFF 4 CARPENTERS 8 3 LABOURERS YESTERDAY  .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T.  EXPECTED 5 CARPS FROM SNTIRYEW BUT NO SHOW, DEFINITE PROBLEM "JUST RIGHT" FDR WHAT BILL NEEDS  07/56/BB  Figure  4.3c - Manpower I n f o r m a t i o n  03  to 5 NEW CARPS FROM END 8 YEW  Text Supplement  5  P a g e No. 04/21/B9  J.  C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT  B050 HIGHBURY - G. C. MANPOWER • ate  Uork Work A v a i l a b i l i t y A v a i l a b l e ? Remarks C.T.- Y e s , . F . - No )  07/_7/BB .T.  Crew S k i l l L e v e l Remarks  .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T.  0B/11/BB 0B/1H/BB 0B/15/BB 0B/1B/BB  .T. .T. .T. .T.  C SUPPLEMENT)  S u F f i c i e n t Men T o M e e t J o b C o n d i t i o n s Remarks  SOME OF THE YOUNG LABS HAUE TO BE TOLD EUERYTHING SAYS B I L L  0 7 / 2 B / 8 B .T. 07/B9/B8 .T. 0 B / 0 5 / B 8 .T. 08/03/88 0B/04/BB OB/05/BB 0B/08/BB 0B/0B/B8 08/10/BB  INFORMATION  E DIDN'T SHOW CI WAS IN CAR ACCIDENT L A S T WEEK?  COULD HAUE USED LABOURER  Figure  4.3c  - Continued  ANOTHER  Turnover Remarks  84 insufficiency exists.  should  Figure  manpower  indicate  4.3c  information  Availability  is  a  information  over be  usage  a period  used  o f time  w h i c h may  also  be u s e d  a  to  problem the  two  includes  Work  to explain  lost  production.  o f equipment  (see Figure  the rental  f o r t h e purpose  supplement It  o f any one t y p e  to verify  equipment  text  profiles.  man-hours a n d p o o r r a t e s o f  The  t o management t h a t  cost  of cost  4.4).  c a n be p l o t t e d  Such  a plot  could  of a p a r t i c u l a r type control.  of  I f the rental  cost  i s f o u n d t o be h i g h e r  than i n d i c a t e d by t h e usage p l o t ,  then  either  had been w a s t e f u l l y  site  o r an a c c o u n t i n g  4.3.2  These  Daily  designed reports  Format to  determination  a n d Time  of the extent  These r e p o r t s  a r e summarized  Figure main on  4.5a  function  a daily  updating  is a  Format  category  used  actual  determination  Series  this  mostly  of  for  Daily  Activity  be u s e d  i s not integrated  have  updating,  durations,  an a c t i v i t y  i n Figures  I t can a l s o  i f t h e DSRS  on  information.  schedule  activity that  reports  of  and  i s interrupted.  4.5a t o 4.7.  Status  i s t o k e e p management a b r e a s t  basis.  idle  ON INDIVIDUAL A C T I V I T I E S  represent  are  left  e r r o r h a d b e e n made.  STATUS INFORMATION Both  been  t h e equipment  Report.  of job progress  f o r manual with  Its  the  schedule Scheduling  85  HIGHBURY -  2 0 2 0  RENTAL BOBCAT USAGE  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION 10  TOTAL USAGE DURING THIS PERIOD =  186 HOURS  / /  /  D O I  < O  5  -  3  -  2-  I '  05/30  06/06  1  1  1  I '  1  06/13  1  ' I  1  '  06/20  1  1  I ' '  06/27  1  1  I  1  1  1  07/04  1  I  07/11  07/18  07/25  08/01  PERIOD FROM 0 6 / 0 1 / 8 8 TO 0 8 / 1 6 / 8 8  F i g u r e 4.4  - Equipment  Usage v s . Time  08/08  08/15  P a g e No. 04/21/B9 J.  C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION D A I L Y S I T E REPORT  EOeO HIGHBURY - A C T I U I T Y KEY:  1) cO  Code  "Status": 5D - S t a r t e d , " R a t e OF P r o d u c t i o n " : Description  '• D a t e :  06/01/BB  • Trade: GB05FN G510FN G515FN G5E0FN  GENERAL CONTRACTOR F 8 P PERIMETER P I L E C A P S FRP COLUMN F T G 5 / P I L E C A P S F8P CRANE FOOTING FRP CORE FOOTING  • T r a d e : UNITED REINFORCING 0321FN REINFORCE PERIMETER 0322FN 1  1  Trade: 0126FN 0125FN 0124FN  IP - I n P r o g r e s s , E - Excellent,  REINFORCE COLUMN  PILECAPS  ID - I d l e , FD - F i n i s h e d , S - Satisfactory,  Status  Uork  ID IP IP SD  LAYOUT  IP  5TATUS  Performed  SF - S t a r t e d 8 F i n i s h e d U - Unsatisfactory  Today  Rate  ONLY MADE 19/40 CAGES OF FOR P I L E S THEN L E F T  DF  Production  Production  Remarks  REBAR  F T G S / P I L E C A P 5 SD  CAMPBELL CARTAGE EXCAUATE S T R I P FOOTINGS EXCAUATE COL F T G 5 / P I L E C A P 5 EXCAUATE CORE FOOTING  T r a d e : NIGHTINGALE E L E C T R I C I A N 163100 TEMPORARY POWER  ID ID SD  FASTER  SF  Figure  TEMP POWER FOR c J C SCOTT T R A I L E R S 8 HOOKED UP GANG C100')  4.5a  - Daily Activity  BDX  Status  Report  THAN  EXPECTED  87 System.  An  Production from  the  Figure lost  should  be  4.6a). are  Figure  the  by  of  should  be  for maintaining  well  equipment problems. activity  balanced are  11  not  quickly.  4.3.3 As  indicated  information Format.  is  identification  of  the  in  activity  recurring  in  levels is  of  possible a  However, have  not  materials  or  p o s s i b l e management  greater  insights  should  be  into  examined  Report.  DIFFERENT PROBLEM TYPES heading,  the  problems  also  i s a c t i n g as  P r o b l e m s Summary  above  is  Status  can  activities  profiles  OCCURRENCE OF  presented  of  an  information,  for  such  an A c t i v i t y  Grouping  they  "It  activity  rates  Thus,  by  Activity  significant  available, signalling  FREQUENCY OF  man-hours  work c o n t i n u i t y f o r a crew.  design  (see  information  o f work on  b e c a u s e an  Report  respectively).  deduced  interruptions,  concurrently with  4.6b  of  explanation  and  preferred,  for  or  [38:4.18]  time  Such  pattern  o f t e n means t h a t p r o d u c t i o n  been  delay  are and  an  Problems  Reasons  interruptions exist  buffer  of  seek  I f multiple-day  4.5b  continuity.  to  trade.  reports  shows t h e  " U n s a t i s f a c t o r y " Rate  Activity  estimates  (see F i g u r e  4.7  an  reader  Daily  Problems  interruption  it  Here,  has  f o r backcharges.  generated  that  prompt  subtotalled  Activity  terms  which  corresponding  important and  activity  by  this  Frequency type  problems  category  of  Occurrence  facilitates  (NOTE:  this  of  the  requires  P a g e No. 04/21/B9 C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT 2020 HIGHBURY - A C T I U I T Y KEY:  13 5)  Code  Date: • TradB: G205FN G210FN G215FN G220FN •  •  IP - I n P r o g r e s s , E - Excellent,  Description  Status  ID -  Idle, FD - F i n i s h e d , S - Satisfactory,  Work  Performed  ALSO  LAYOUT  Today  SF - S t a r t e d 8 F i n i s h e d U - Unsatisfactory Rate  Of P r o d u c t i o n  Production  Remarks  06/02/8B GENERAL CONTRACTOR F 8 P PERIMETER P I L E C A P S F 8 P COLUMN F T G S / P I L E C A P S F 8 P CRANE FOOTING F 8 P CORE FOOTING  IP IP IP IP  LAYOUT  ONLY  T r a d e : UNITED REINFORCING 0321FN REINFORCE PERIMETER P I L E C A P S IP 0322FN REINFORCE COLUMN F T G S / P I L E C A P S IP 0323FN REINFORCE CRANE FTG/ANCH BOLTS SD  Trade: 0126FN 0122FN 0124FN  •ate: •  "Status": SD - S t a r t e d , " R a t e OF P r o d u c t i o n " :  STATU5  Trade: G205FN G210FN G215FN G220FN  CAMPBELL CARTAGE EXCAUATE S T R I P FOOTINGS EXCAUATE COL F T G S / P I L E C A P S EXCAUATE CORE FOOTING  ID ID IP  OB/03/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR F 8 P PERIMETER P I L E C A P S F 8 P COLUMN F T G S / P I L E C A P S FRP CRANE FOOTING FRP CORE FOOTING  FD IP FD IP  • Trade: 0321FN 0322FN 0323FN  UNITED REINFORCING REINFORCE PERIMETER P I L E C A P S FD REINFORCE COLUMN F T G S / P I L E C A P S IP REINFORCE CRANE FTG/ANCH BOLTS FD  • Trade: 012GFN 0122FN 0124FN  CAMPBELL CARTAGE EXCAUATE S T R I P FOOTINGS EXCAUATE COL F T G S / P I L E C A P S EXCAUATE CORE FOOTING  **  0G/0G/8B  Date:  * Trade: G210FN G220FN G225FN  H I T T I N G ROCKS, SLOWER THAN YESTERDAY ,  GENERAL CONTRACTOR FRP COLUMN F T G 5 / P I L E C A P S F 8 P CORE FOOTING FRP STRIP F 0 O T I N G 5  TEMPLATES FOR COLUMNS POURED CRANE BASE FOOTING LAYOUT  ID ID IP  IP IP SD  Figure  LAYOUT LAYOUT EAST WALL S T R I P  4.5b - Summary  00 00  FOOTINGS  Activity  Status  Report  Page N D . 04/21/B9  1 J.  C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTIDN DOILY S I T E REPORT  2 0 2 0 HIGHBURY  Activity Code  Activity Description  - ACTIUITY  PROBLEMS  Problem TypB  Problem Description  DELAYS DUE TO U A I T I N G FOR MATERIALS: WAREHOUSE/VENDOR  S L I G H T L Y L A T E A R R I V A L OF CONCRETE BUT SCHEDULE NOT THRDWN DFF REBAR CREW L A T E NEED PUMP FOR WHOLE DAY INSTEAD OF HALF DAY  Estimated D e l a y To Act.(Hrs.)  Estimated Man-Hrs. Lost  0 .00  0 .00  4 .00  0.00  4 .00  0.00  Date: 06/03/88 • Trade: G215FN  GENERAL CONTRACTOR F8P CRANE FOOTING  G215FN  •  •  F8P CRANE  Subsubtotal  FOOTING  DELAYS DUE TO WAITING OTHER CREWS  FOR  •  Trade: UNITED REINFORCING 0321FN  REINFORCE PERIMETER P I L E C A P S  DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR FELLOW CREW MEMBERS 0358FN REINFORCE COLUMN F T G S / P I L E C A P S DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR MATERIALS: WAREHOUSE/UENDOR 0323FN REINFORCE CRANE FTG/ANCH BOLTS DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR FELLOW CREW MEMBERS • Subsubtotal * * Trade: CAMPBELL CARTAGE 0124FN EXCAUATE CORE FOOTING • Subsubtotal  MANDATORY CHANGE WORK  ORDERS/EXTRA  NOT ENOUGH MEN TO HAVE F T G S READY FOR POUR IN THE MORNING NO S T E E L NOT ENOUGH MEN TO HAUE F T G READY FOR POUR IN THE MORNING  ENCOUNTERED ROCK C A L L E D IN B L A S T E R CI  4 .00  0.00  4.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  8.00  0.00  B.00  0.00  MAN)  • B.00  0.00  20.00  0.00  20.00  0 .00  *• S u b t o t a l •»•  T o t a l ••*  F i g u r e 4.6a - D a i l y A c t i v i t y  Problems  Report 03  P a g e No. 04/21/B9  1 J.  C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT  2 0 2 0 HIGHBURY - A C T I U I T Y  Activity Code  Date: • Trade: G205FN *  •  Problem Description  Estimated D e l a y To Act.CHrs.}  Estimated Man-Hrs. Lost  0 .00  0 .00  0.00  0 .00  0B/01/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR FRP PERIMETER P I L E C A P S  Subsubtotal  Trade: 0321FN  Problem Type  Activity Description  PROBLEMS  REWORK DUE TO F I E L D DAMAGE  ERROR  OR  MUST REDESIGN 2 FTGS DUE TO GERHARD'S ERROR DURING P I L I N G  *  UNITED REINFORCING REINFORCE PERIMETER  PILECAPS  UNEXPLAINED MOUE 0322FN REINFORCE COLUMN F T G S / P I L E C A P S UNEXPLAINED MOUE • Subsubtotal •  OR  UNNECESSARY  OR  UNNECESSARY  CREW TOOK OFF 3 10:00AM W/0 INFORMING SUPERINTENDENT CREW TOOK OFF tl 10:00AM W/0 INFORMING SUPERINTENDENT  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  4.00  0.00  4 .00  0.00  4 .00  0 .00  Subtotal  Date: » Trade: G215FN  G215FN  •  *  0B/03/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR FRP CRANE FOOTING  FRP CRANE  Subsubtotal  Trade: 0321FN  DELAYS DUE MATERIALS:  FOOTING  TO WAITING FOR WAREHOUSE/UENDOR  DELAYS DUE TO WAITING OTHER CREWS  FOR  *  UNITED REINFORCING REINFORCE PERIMETER  DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR FELLOW CREW MEMBER5 0322FN REINFORCE COLUMN F T G S / P I L E C A P S DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR MATERIALS: WAREHOUSE/UENDOR 0323FN REINFORCE CRANE FTG/ANCH BOLTS DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR FELLOW CREW MEMBERS * Subsubtotal *  *  S L I G H T L Y L A T E ARRIUAL OF CONCRETE BUT SCHEDULE NOT THROWN OFF REBAR CREW L A T E NEED PUMP FOR WHOLE DAY INSTEAD OF HALF DAY  PILECAPS  T r a d e : CAMPBELL CARTAGE 0124FN EXCAUATE CORE FOOTING  MANDATORY CHANGE UORK  ORDERS/EXTRA  F i g u r e 4.6b - Summary  NOT ENOUGH MEN TO HAUE F T G S READY FOR POUR IN THE MORNING NO S T E E L NOT ENOUGH MEN READY FOR POUR  TO HAUE F T G IN THE MORNING  ENCOUNTERED ROCK C A L L E D IN B L A S T E R  Activity  Problems  CI  MAN)  Report  4 .00  0.00  0.00  0.00  B.00  0.00  B.00  0.00  o  G225FN:  F & P STRIP FTGS + 2 0 2 0 HIGHBURY -  1.9  INT. S T E P  FTGS  J . C . SCOTT CONSTRUCTION  H  1.8  1 = IN P R O G R E S S  S =  STARTED  0 = IDLE  F = FINISHED  1.7  1.6  -  1.5  H = HOLIDAY  1 .4 1.3  -  1.2 1.1  S C+H  1.0  ii  0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6  -  0.5 0.4  -  0.3  -  0.2 0.1 0.0  n cp co n Q co cp cb  05/30  06/06  06/13  06/20  06/27  07/04  07/11  07/18  H ana  07/25  PERIOD FROM 0 6 / 0 1 / 8 8 TO 0 8 / 1 6 / 8 8  Figure  4.7  - Activity  Work  t  •DDncpDCD  08/01  Pattern  08/08  08/15  92 the  database  file  to  be  indexed  C o n s e q u e n t l y , management c a n problems, and  seek compensation  devise  problems. unusual  focus  strategies Figures  4.8  developments  by  resources  as  on  work  around  and  4.9  the  project  are  well) .  controllable  f o r problems c r e a t e d  to  at  TYPE  by  others,  uncontrollable  summary level  reports  and  of  activity  problems r e s p e c t i v e l y .  In are  Figure  4.8,  subtotalled  Clearly,  for  unusual  occurrence  and  estimates each  are  large  these  type  subtotal  of  time  values  p r o j e c t time  unusual  with  Estimates  s u b t o t a l l e d by  Likewise,  overall  developments  management a t t e n t i o n . lost  of  of delay  frequency  act  as  of  deserve  immediate  t i m e and  man-hours  a c t i v i t y problem type can  development.  great lost  lost  warning  i n Figure  flags  to  4.9.  project  managers.  4.3.4  ADDITIONAL INFORMATION If  r e c u r r i n g problems are  drawings,  material  additional  reports  Format  (see  question and  raised  Detailing,  in  Figure  be  grouped  4.10  deliveries, can  Figures  be  4.10  clearly,  i n t o one  there  determine entry.  4.12b).  2.2.2  with  and  generated  to  i n Section  to  suspected  quality in  whether  the  NOTE:  regarding  are not  such t h i n g s  control,  Time to  as  Series  answer  the  drawing  Quality  enough r e l a t e d  Remarks  these  two  items  should  93  Page No . 04/E1/B9  1 J . C. SCDTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT 5020 HIGHBURY-UNUSUAL  Date  DEUELOPflENTS: FREQUENCY OF OCCURRENCE  Problem Description  ** Problem Type: DISPUTES 0B/03/BB REBAR BUYS CLAIM BRACING NOT IN PLACE THUS CANNOT PLACE STEEL 06/03/BB HARDY WOULD NOT GIUE OFFICIAL APPROUAL OF "ROCK"  OB/OB/BB PILING TRADE CHARGING MOB R TRAILER WAITING FOR E EXTRA PILES  0B/10/BB NO UERIFICATION OF RDCK S SOIL STRENGTH FROM HARDY IN CORE  0B/15/BB REMPEL WOULDN'T DELAY CONCRETE DEL IUERY AS REQUESTED YESTRDAY ** S u b t o t a l  Problem Remarks  Estimated Time L o s t CDays)  BUT GERHARD SAYS THEY CAN STILL PLACE Ui/O THE BRACING.  0 .00  HARDY SAYS EE5 EXCAUATOR BEING USED IS TOO SMALL BACAUSE IN ORDER TO GET ' "ROCK" CLASSIFICATION, NEED NO PROGRESS WITH A E35 EXCAUATOR. NDTE: THE RIPPER WAS BRDKEN ONCE YESTERDAY. GERHARD HAD TOLD THE TRADE THAT THE PILES WILL BE DRIUEN FDR SURE S THEIR POSITIONS WOULD BE KNOWN UERY SOON CSUCH THAT THERE IS ND NEED TO DEMOB & COME BACK). THE POSITIONS WERE AUAILABLE BEFORE DEMOB. WAS COMPLETED. NO RESULTS FROM SOIL INSPECTION IN CORE CNEED EO KIPS FDR SOIL STRENGTH3; BUT WILL POUR CORE FOOTING TOMORROW (SATURDAY) WITH OR W/0 HARDY'S REPORT. CONCRETE WAS SCHEDULED TO ARRIUE @B:OOAM BUT WANTED IT TO BE DELAYED 'TIL 9:OOAM BECAUSE THE LINE PUMP IS SCHEDULED TO ARRIUE THEN.  0.00  0.00  0 .00  0.00  ** 0 .00  »* Problem Type: OTHER UNUSUAL DEUEL0PMENT5 0B/15/BB UAN MAREN FLODDED JUST BUT IT SHOULD BE OK, POURED STRIP FTG WITH DISCHARGE PIPE OB/EO/BB JOHN SCOTT HAS APPROACHED S. THE PROPOSAL IS TO TRIM EO * OFF THE TREE, BUT ND WORD NEIGHBOUR ABDUT TRIMMING YET. THE TREE COULD BE ON TREE CITY PROPERTY. 0B/E7/BB RENTAL WATER PUMP WAS STOLEN BECAUSE WAS LEFT OUT OUER WKEND  Figure  4.8 - F r e q u e n c y o f O c c u r r e n c e R e p o r t f o r Unusual Developments a t t h e S i t e L e v e l  0 .00 0 .00  0.00  94  Page No. 04/21/B9  2 J.C.  SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT  2020 HIGHBURY-UNUSUAL DEUELOPMENTS: FREQUENCY OF OCCURRENCE  Date  Problem Description  Problem Remarks  Estimated Time L o s t CDaysD  0B/2B/BB AT THIS STAGE, CRANE OPERATOR ONLY RED'D FOR 4 HRS. A DAY 07/22/BB MOUED SANITARY SUMP IN MECH ROOM TO GARBAGE ROOM  0 .00 BECAUSE CORE SHEAR WALL FTG IS HIGH - WAS BUILT ON ROCK, OTHERWISE HAD TO BLAST ROCK WHICH WOULD HAUE COST MDRE APPROUED BY "ED" OF STERLING COOPER.  0B/0B/B8 BILL SAID DIFFICULT TO GET HIS MEN MOTIUATED TODAY 0B/10/BB CALLED S.COOPER FDR DRAIN TILE IN5PECT YESTERDAY, BUT NO SHOW *» S u b t o t a l *« •* Problem Type: OUERALL JOB DELAYS 0B/01/BB CHASING AFTER NEW DRAWINGS FOR COMMON WALL 0B/03/BB DUE TO REBAR GUYS, CONCRETE PDURING HELD UP 0G/03/BB ENCOUNTERED ROCK DURING EXCAUATIDN DF CORE BLASTING REQUIRED 0B/07/BB COMMON WALL ELEVATIONS FROM ARCH./STRUC. NOT AUAILABLE 0B/2B/BB RE: LATE COMMON WALL ELEUATIONS 07/05/BB WET WEATHER DELAYING WATERPROOFING OF CORE ^_ 07/15/BB IN GENERAL, DUE TO RAIN, 15 - 20* DF WORK DAY LOST 0B/02/BB WATERMAIN TEST FAILED  0B/03/8B CANWEST LATE WITH DELIUERY OF MESH FOR S.O.G.  Figure  0.00  0 .00 0.00  0.00 0.00 0 .00 0 .00 COULD HAUE POURED TODAY: REBAR IN & CONCRETE ON SITE.  0.00  IF DONE, COULD BACKFILL TOMORROW.  0.00  5.00  0.20 ACCORDING TO SALES REP. WHO WAS ON SITE TODAY, PRIMER 8 GLUE USED NDT COMPATIBLE! COULD HAUE POURED INT. RAMP FROM 10G5 TO 1045 THIS FRIDAY C0B/05/BBD . UNITED WILL STAY LATE UNTIL READY FOR S:OOAM POUR TOMORROW. BUT NOT ALL STEEL IS HERE, THUS WILL PLACE REMAINING TOMORROW MORNING OR LATER TONIGHT.  4.8 - C o n t i n u e d  1.00  0.75  95  Page No. 04/E1/B9  3 J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT EOEO HIGHBURY-UNUSUAL DEUELDPMENTS: FREQUENCY OF OCCURRENCE  Date  Problem . Description  Problem Remarks  Estimated Time L o s t CDays)  •» S u b t o t a l »• B .35 «* Problem Type: POTENTIAL PROBLEMS OE/OE/BB ONLY IF KEEPS RAINING 0B/03/BB CAN'T GET THE REBAR GUYS UIHEN NEED THEM OB/OB/BB NO CONTRACT FDR RELOCATED PUMP SUMP IN ELEUATOR MACHINE ROOM 0B/07/BB CRANE NOT GOING TO BE READY FOR JUNE 13, SCHEDULED ERECTION 0B/13/BB ELEUATOR BDLTS: N-S DIRECTION OK, E-Ul OUT BY 1"  GERHARD FORESEES PROBLEM TO ESCALATE AS JOB PROGRESSES: "THEY ARE TOO BUSY" BUT WANT TO POUR FRIDAY. IF HAUE SI2E, CAN BE FORMED; THEN NO PROBLEM.  0 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00  E-W DIRECTION, B" INSTEAD OF 9". BUT SHOULD BE OK BECAUSE CAUGHT IN EARLY STAGE; HAUE INFORMED THE SUBTRADE CDOUG STOKES).  0.00  0B/17/BB CRANE HITS SOUTH NEIGHBOUR'S TREE OB/E1/BB LIMITED TURNING RADIUS FOR CRANE OB/E1/BB NEW TEST BLOCKS REQUIRED FOR CRANE 07/05/BB WAITING FOR STEEL FDR LINE IF STEEL NOT PLACED BY 15 LOWER FOOTING TOMORROW AT 10:00AM, WILL HAUE PROBLEMS. OB/1E/BB LEFT OUT SOME DOWELS IN COLS ND ANSWERS FROM GLDTMAN YET. WHERE SLAB THICKENING GOES ** S u b t o t a l »»  0.00  **«  0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00  T o t a l ***  6.95  Figure  4.8 -  Continued  P a g e No. 04/21/B9  1 J.  2020 HIGHBURY  C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT  - ACTIUITY  PROBLEMS:  FREQUENCY  OF  OCCURRENCE  Est'd Delay To A c t i v i t y (Hrs.)  Estimated Han-Hrs. Lost  * P r o b l e m T y p e : DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR FELLOW CREW MEMBERS REINFORCE PERIMETER P I L E C A P S 0 6 / 0 3 / B B UNITED REINFORCING 0321FN  4.00  0.00  0 6 / 0 3 / B B UNITED REINFORCING  0323FN  0.00  0.00  0 7 / 0 7 / B B THRORY WATERPROOFING  1921PK  0.00  0.00  Date  Activity Code  Trade  0B/02/BB UNITED REINFORCING  •*  Activity Description  ProblBm Description  NOT ENOUGH MEN TO HAUE F T G S READY FOR POUR IN THE MORNING REINFORCE CRANE FTG/ANCH BOLTS NOT ENOUGH MEN TO HAUE F T G READY FOR POUR IN THE MORNING WATERPROOFING CORE NOT ENOUGH MEN, BUT NOT HOLDING UP ANYTHING AT T H I S STAGE REINFORCE CORE WALLS + WING NOT ENOUGH MEN: COULD'UE WALLS: PKDE POURED CORE 8 WING WALLS T H I S FRIDAY  0.00  20.00  0 .00  B.00  0 .00  Subtotal  P r o b l e m T y p e : DELAYS DUE TO WAITING 0G/07/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR G225FN 0 6 / 2 9 / B 8 GENERAL CONTRACTOR  G302PK  0B/04/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR  G225FN  FOR INFORMATION/DECISIONS F8P S T R I P FOOTINGS  COMMON WALL E L E U A T I O N S NOT A U A I L A B L E FROM STRUCTURAL NO INFO FOR S T E E L CHANGES TO F8P EXT WALLS/COLS: PARKADE LOWER E L E U A T I O N OF L I N E 15 WALL F8P S T R I P FOOTINGS + INT. S T E P A C T I U I T Y IDLE BECAUSE WAITING FTGS. FOR S O I L S REPORT  Subtotal  »• P r o b l e m T y p e : DELAYS DUE TO WAITING 0 6 / 0 3 / B B GENERAL CONTRACTOR G215FN  0 6 / 0 3 / B B UNITED REINFORCING 07/2B/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR 0 8 / 0 3 / B B UNITED REINFORCING OB/ll/BB •*  16.00  GENERAL  Subtotal  CONTRACTOR  0322FN G302PK  FOR MATERIALS: WAREH0U5E/UEND0R F8P CRANE FOOTING  S L I G H T L Y L A T E ARRIUAL OF CONCRETE BUT SCHEDULE NOT THROWN OFF REINFORCE COLUMN F T G S / P I L E C A P S NO S T E E L REMPEL L A T E WITH CONCRETE F8P EXT WALLS/COLS: PARKADE + DEL IUERY INT. WALLS CANWE5T L A T E WITH MESH REINFORCE SLAB ON GRADE DEL IUERY FOR S.O.G. REMPEL L A T E WITH CONCRETE F8P CORE WALLS * WING WALLS: DELIUERY PKDE  ••  16.00  0.00  0.00  24 .00  0.00  0.00  0.00  4 .00 1 .75  0.00 0.00  6.00  0.00  1 .50  0.00  13.25  •* P r o b l e m T y p e : DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR OTHER CREWS 0 6 / 0 3 / B B GENERAL CONTRACTOR G215FN F8P CRANE FOOTING  Figure  REBAR CREW L A T E NEED PUMP FOR WHOLE DAY INSTEAD OF HALF DAY  4.9 - F r e q u e n c y o f O c c u r r e n c e R e p o r t f o r A c t i v i t y Delay Problems  0.00  4 .00  0.00  0.00  P a g e No. 04/21/B3 J.  2 0 2 0 HIGHBURY  •ate  Activity Code  Trade  Subtotal  C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT  - ACTIUITY  PROBLEMS:  Activity Description  FREQUENCY  OF  OCCURRENCE  ProblBm Description  Est'd Delay To A c t i v i t y  Estimated Man-Hrs. CHrs.) Lost  •*  P r o b l e m T y p e : EQUIPMENT BREAKDOWN 0G/03/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR G303PK 0B/15/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR G302PK  BACKFILL/GRADING F8P EXT WALLS/COLS: PARKADE  BOBCAT GOT STUCK IN CLAY L I N E PUMP KEPT G E T T I N G CLOGGED BY LARGE AGG. A L L DAY LONG  4.00  0.00  2.00 0.00  0.00 0.00  2.00  0.00  8.00  0.00  4.00  0.00  Subtotal  •» P r o b l e m T y p e : MANDATORY CHANGE ORDERS/EXTRA WORK 0 6 / 0 3 / 8 8 CAMPBELL CARTAGE 0124FN EXCAUATE CORE FOOTING 0B/04/BB UNITED REINFORCING  **  Subtotal  REINFORCE CORE WALLS WALLS: PKDE  + WING  ENCOUNTERED ROCK C A L L E D IN B L A S T E R t l MAN) PRDBLEM WITH DESIGN OF REBAR HOOKS, D I F F I C U L T TO P L A C E STEEL  •* 12.00  •• P r o b l e m T y p e : OTHERS 0 6 / 2 3 / 8 B GENERAL CONTRACTOR  G302PK  F8P  EXT WALLS/COLS:  0 7 / 0 4 / B B THRORY WATERPROOFING  1951PK  WATERPROOFING  0 7 / 1 S / B B GENERAL CONTRACTOR  G303PK  BACKFILL/GRADING  PARKADE  0.00  0.00  2.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  2.00  O .00  P r o b l e m T y p e : REWORK DUE TO F I E L D ERROR OR DAMAGE 0 6 / 0 1 / B B GENERAL CONTRACTOR G205FN FRP PERIMETER P I L E C A P S  0.00  0.00  0 7 / 1 4 / B B GENERAL CONTRACTOR  G30SFN  0.00  0.00  0 8 / 0 2 / B B GENERAL CONTRACTOR  G202FN  1 .00  0.00  0B/10/BB GENERAL  CONTRACTOR  0B/16/BB GENERAL  CONTRACTOR  Subtotal  FRP CORE PKDE G304PK  F8P  CORE  MUST USE CRANE R BUCKETS FDR CONCRETE POURING CTAKES LONGER) WATER WEEPAGE ON TOP OF F T G S HAUE TO BE DRIED OUT F I R S T S O I L A L I T T L E TOO WET 8 COMPACTORS NOT ADEQUATE SHOULD HAUE HAD MORE LABOUR MONEY IN I T , BUT TIGHT IN SPACE D I F F I C U L T D E T A I L S FOR BULKHEADS  0.00  WALLS  SLAB ON  WING  GRADE  WALLS:  •*  MUST R E D E S I G N 2 F T G 5 DUE TO GERHARD'S ERRDR DURING P I L I N G RELAY MECH DRAINAGE BETWEEN DRAIN T I L E , U/G PLUMBING MAIN CATCH B A S I N 8 PUMP 5UMP EXCAU. DRAIN T I L E 5 , U/G PLUMB. REDUG UP CLAIRMONT'S WATERMAIN DUE TD F A I L E D T E S T - BACKCHARG  Subtotal  F i g u r e 4.9 - C o n t i n u e d  P a g e No. 04/21/99  3 J.C.  2020 HIGHBURY  Dato  Activity Code  Trade  SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT  - ACTIUITY  PROBLEMS:  Activity Description  FREQUENCY  OF  Problem Description  P r o b l e m T y p e : UNEXPLAINED OR UNNECESSARY MOUE 0G/01/BB UNITED REINFORCING 0321FN REINFORCE PERIMETER P I L E C A P S 0B/01/BB UNITED REINFORCING  0322FN  OCCURRENCE  CREW TOOK INFORMING REINFORCE COLUMN F T G S / P I L E C A P S CREW TOOK INFORMING  OFF 0 10:00AM W/0 SUPERINTENDENT O F F 0 10:00AM W/0 SUPERINTENDENT  Subtotal  P r o b l e m T y p e : WEATHER 0 7 / 0 6 / 8 B THRORY WATERPROOFING  1921PK  07/OB/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR  G302PK  0 7 / 1 S / B B GENERAL 07/ie/BB GENERAL 0 7 / 1 2 / B B GENERAL 0B/1B/BB GENERAL «• S u b t o t a l  CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR  G302PK G30SFN G202FN 6304PK  RAINY WEATHER P E R S I S T I N G C l / 2 DAY TODAY 8 1 DAY Y E S T E R D A Y ) F8P EXT WALLS/COLS: PARKADE TOO WARM CNO WIND IN THE HOLE: COMMON WALL) RAIN F8P EXT WALLS/COLS: PARKADE RA IN ;•. DRAIN T I L E , U/G PLUMBING EXCAU. DRAIN T I L E S , U/G PLUMB. RAIN F8P S L A B ON GRADE COULD NOT POUR DUE TO RAIN WATERPROOFING  CORE  Total  F i g u r e 4.9  Est'd Delay To A c t i v i t y CHrs.)  Estimated Man-Hrs. Lost  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  0.00  12.00  0.00  1 .20  0 .00  1 .GO 1 .60 1 .60 B.00  0 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00  26.00  0.00  104.25  0.00  - Continued  00  P a g e No. 04/21/B9  1 J.  C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT  2020. HIGHBURY KEY:  1) S)  Date  "Available?": "Quality":  .T. - Y e s , PP - P o o r ,  Available?  A v a i l a b i l i t y Remarks  0G/01/BB . F . 06/02/BB .T. 06/03/BB .T. 06/06/BB .T. 06/07/BB .F. OB/OB/BB . F . 0B/09/BB . F .  0 6 / 1 0 / B B .T. 0 6 / 1 3 / B B .T, 0 6 / 1 4 / B B .T,  OB/IS /BB 0 6 / 1 6 /BB 0 6 / 1 7 /BB 0 6 / 2 0 /BB 06/21 /BB 06/22 /BB 0 6 / 2 3 /BB 06/24 /BB 0 6 / 2 7 /BB 06 /2B /BB 0 6 / 2 9 /BB  0 6 / 3 0 /8B 07/04 /BB 0 7 / 0 5 /BB 0 7 / 0 6 /BB 07/07 /BB 07/OB /BB 07/11 /BB 07/12 /BB 07/13 /BB 07/14 /BB 07/15 /BB 0 7 / I B /BB 07/19 /BB 0 7 / 2 0 /BB  . F . - No PF - P o o r - F a i r ,  CHASING A F T E R NEW FOR COMMON WALL  DRAWINGS  .T. .T.  3) " D e t a i l i n g " : FF - F a i r , Quality  FG - F a i r - G o o d , Quality  GG - Good  Remarks  Detailing  Detailing  A - Adequate I - Inadequate  Remarks  GG GG GG GG GG  FOR COMMON WALL CAS NOTED ON 0 6 / 0 1 / 8 8 ) COMMON WALL E L E U A T I O N S GG S T I L L NOT A U A I L A B L E STRUCTURAL ENG. PROMISED TO GG HAUE COMMON WALL INFO. BY TOMORROW F I N A L L Y GOT THE E L E U A T I O N S GG FOR THE COMMDN WALL GG PP  .T.  .T. .T. .T. .F.  - G. C. DRAWINGS A U A I L A B I L I T Y  GLOTMAN L A T E WITH S T E E L CHANGES TO LOWER E L E U A T I O N OF L I N E 15 WALL R E C E I U E D S T E E L CHANGES  .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T.  Figure  E L E U A T I O N DRAWINGS TO D E T A I L I N G )  CREFER  GG GG GG FG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG  GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG  4.10 - D r a w i n g s A v a i l a b i l i t y R e p o r t ( f o r a P a r t i c u l a r Trade)  ELEUATIONS: NEED TO KNOW FOR POUR DF L I N E 1 WALL TOMORROW  Page No. 04/21/B9  2 J.  C. SCDTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT  2050 HIGHBURY - G. C. DRAWINGS KEY:  1) 2)  "Available?": "Duality":  .T. - Y e s , PP - P o o r ,  . F . - No PF - P o o r - F a i r ,  Date  Available?  A v a i l a b i l i t y Remarks  07/21/BB 07/22/BB 07/25/BB 07/2B/BB 07/27/8B 07/2B/BB 07/29/BB 0B/02/BB 0B/03/B8 0B/04/BB 0B/05/8B OB/OB/BB 0B/09/BB 0B/10/BB 0B/11/BB 0B/12/B8 0B/1S/BB 0B/16/BB  .T. .T. .T. .T. ,T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T.  AUAILABILITY 3) " D e t a i l i n g " :  FF - F a i r , Duality  FG - F a i r - G o o d , Duality  Remarks  GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG  F i g u r e 4.10 - C o n t i n u e d  GG - Good Detailing  A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A  Detailing  A - Adequate I - Inadequate  Remarks  P a g e No. 04/51/B9  1 J.  C. 5C0TT CONSTRUCTION 5UMMARY REPORT  5050 HIGHBURY - CONCRETE KEY:  OELIUERY  1) "On T i m e ? " : .T. - On T i m e , ,F. - L a t e 5) " Q u a l i t y " : PP - P o o r , PF - P o o r - F a i r ,  FF - F a i r ,  Material  5uppliBr  On T i m e ?  Quality  0 6 / 0 3 / B B CONCRETE 0G/07/BB CONCRETE 0G/15/BB 35 MPA CONCRETE  REMPEL REMPEL REMPEL  .T. .T. . F.  GG GG FF  06/15/BB 06/53/BB 06/54/BB 06/57/BB 06/59/BB  REMPEL REMPEL REMPEL REMPEL REMPEL  .T. .T. .T. .T. .T.  FF GG GG GG GG  14 .00 45.00 5.00 30.50 55.70  REMPEL  .1.  GG  50 .00  LAFARGE  .T.  GG  6 .00  REMPEL REMPEL REMPEL REMPEL REMPEL REMPEL REMPEL REMPEL  .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T. .T.  GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG  7.60 S.60 3.40 1 .55 10.40 19 .40 5 .00 6.00  REMPEL  . F.  REMPEL REMPEL  .T. .T.  GG GG  1 .BO 5.60  REMPEL  .T.  GG  77.50  REMPEL REMPEL  .T. .T.  GG GG  5.00  REMPEL  .T.  GG  REMPEL  .T.  GG  REMPEL  ,T.  GG  Date  0B/30/BB 07/04/BB 07/05/BB 07/06/BB 07/OB/BB 07/13/BB 07/13/BB 07/50/BB 07/55/BB 07/55/BB 07/5G/BB 07/57/BB 0B/O5/BB OB/04/BB OB/04/BB OB/OS/BB OB/OS/BB 0B/11/8B 0B/1G/BB  5 5 MPA CONCRETE 55 MPA CONCRETE 5 0 MPA CONCRETE 55 MPA CONCRETE 5 0 MPA CONCRETE (FOR I S COL. FTGS) 5 5 MPA CONCRETE (FOR PERIMETER WALL) 35 MPA CONCRETE CFOR B COLUMNS) 35 MPA CONCRETE 55 MPA CONCRETE 35 MPA CONCRETE 35 MPA CONCRETE (FOR 5 C O L S ) 55 MPA CONCRETE CFOR WALL5) 55 MPA CONCRETE 55 MPA CONCRETE 35 MPA CONCRETE (FOR 6 COLS 8 ELEUATOR MACH RM S L A B ) 35 MPA CONCRETE (FOR INT. WALL) 35 MPA CONCRETE 55 MPA CONCRETE (FOR CROSSING GRATE) 55 MPA " S P E C I A L " CONCRETE (FOR 5.O.G.) 35 MPA CONCRETE CFDR S T A I R S ) 35 MPA CONCRETE (FOR SHEAR WALLS + C O L S ) 35 MPA CONCRETE (FOR INT. WALL JUST SOUTH OF CORE) 35 MPA CONCRETE (FOR CORE WALLS) 55 MPA CONCRETE (FOR LAST OF STRIP FTGS)  Figure  4.11 - M a t e r i a l  FG - F a i r - G o o d ,  GG  GG  - Good Quantity Delivered Cm3)  Remarks  CONCRETE WAS D E L I U E R E D TOO EARLY. AND AGGREGATE SHOULD BE -< 3/4", BUT LARGE AGGREGATES FOUND (APPROX. 4 1/5") WHICH WERE CLDGGING THE L I N E OF THE L I N E PUMP.  D E L I V E R Y WAS  Delivery  LATE  BY 1'45".  60.00 15 .00 10.00  13.50  16 . BO 3.60 36.50 6.00  Report  | _ i O  P a g e No. 04/E1/B3  5 J.  C. SCOTT CONSTRUCT IDN SUMMARY REPORT  HOBO HIGHBURY KEY:  Date  - CONCRETE DEL1UERY  1) "On T i m e ? " : .T. - On T i m e , .F. - L a t e 5) " Q u a l i t y " : PP - P o o r , PF - P o o r - F a i r ,  FF - F a i r ,  Material  On T i m e ?  Supplier  FG - F a i r - G o o d , Quality  Remarks  GG - Good Quantity D e l i v e r e d Cm3)  Total 444.B5  Figure  4.11 - C o n t i n u e d  P a g e No. 04/E1/B9  1 J.  E080  C.  SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT  HIGHBURY  -  INSPECTION  REPORT  Inspection Date  *• «  Inspection  Trade:  UNITED  Remarks  REINFORCING  Activity: REINFORCE EXT -ALLS/COLS:PKDE 0 5 / 1 4 / B B I N S P E C T I O N OF E X T W A L L / C O L S B Y SUPER. WITH ENG'S P E R M I S S I O N 0 G / 1 5 / B B I N S P E C T I O N OF C O L S & W E S T P E R I M E T E R WALL BY GLOTMAN 0 B / 2 1 / B B I N S P E C T I O N OF W A L L R E I N F O R C E M E N T BY GLOTMAN 0 B / 3 0 / B B I N S P E C T I O N OF C O L U M N R E I N F O R C E M E N T BY GLOTMAN 0 7 / 0 5 / B B I N S P E C T I O N OF COLUMNS R E I N F O R C E M E N T BY GLOTMAN 0 7 / O B / B B I N S P E C T I O N : L O W E R CDMMON W A L L REINF.(BELOW S.O.G.J BY GLOTMAN 0 7 / 2 9 / B B I N S P E C T I O N OF 4 P A R K I N G COLUMNS BY GLOTMAN  Figure  P a g e No . 04/21/89  1 C.  SCOTT CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY R E P O R T  EOEO H I G H B U R Y  •* •  - TESTING  GENERAL  CONTRACTOR  Activity: F&P EXT WALLS/COLS: PARKADE + 0 7 / 0 4 / B B C O N C R E T E C Y L I N D E R T E 5 T S FOR C O L U M N S BY MTS 0 7 / 1 3 / B B 3 5 MPA C O N C R E T E C Y L I N D E R TESTS FOR C O L S BY MTS 0 7 / 1 3 / B B ES M P A C O N C R E T E C Y L I N D E R TEST FOR W A L L S BY MTS 0 7 / 2 0 / B B C O N C R E T E C Y L I N D E R T E S T S FOR N. WALL BY MTS 0 7 / S 5 / B 8 3 5 MPA C O N C R E T E C Y L I N D E R TESTS FOR C 0 L . C C 1 3 , D 1 1 , F 1 3 J BY MT5 0 7 / 2 B / B B 3 5 MPA C O N C R E T E C Y L I N D E R TESTS FOR W A L L S L I N E 7 8 f l BV MTS 0 B / 0 5 / B B 3 5 MPA C Y L I N D E R T E S T S FOR COLUMNS F 3 , C 3 , D 5 , F - D B BY MTS  Figure  REPORT  Test Remarks  Test  Trade:  INT. WALLS  4.12a - I n s p e c t i o n R e p o r t  J.  Date  +  I N T . WALLS  4.12b - T e s t i n g R e p o r t  104  N o r m a l l y , u n l e s s d i f f i c u l t i e s were e n c o u n t e r e d on site,  the  number  generated. (see  of  Instead,  Figure  to  superintendent  for  is  section  2.2).  Russell  as  appropriate  the  (a,  proposed  b,  c,  ...  minimal item  4.3.5  developed  as  daily 2,  illustrated  site 3,  problems,  by  enables  minor  forms  (in  Dr.  Alan  by site  updating under  4.13,  i t seems  information  collected  I t s coding  proper  the usage  f o r each to  system  attachment  item with  having  This  i s presently  Figure  the  of of  information  provide  a  comment  each.  INTERPRETING THE  typical  form  i s , remarks  without  report  paper)  r e p o r t forms.  ...)  That  Once a s u b s t a n t i a l  of  of t h i s  associated information  captured  may  and  the  by  (with  being  (pencil  for  away.  version  i s actually  be  analyses  filed  be  Report  signed  site  space.  space a f t e r  and  be  daily  sheet  can  must  f o r representing the  1,  comment t o t h e  page  job  not  Site  out  proposed  implementation  t o be  Daily  printed  condensed  conventional  Nevertheless,  above would  copy  purposes)  a  the  hard be  (each  legal  way.  by  the  verify  It  a  Field  of  illustrated  would  essentially  modifications)  tool.  only  4.13)  superintendent  form  reports  a  be  carried  general problem  OUTPUT REPORTS d a t a b a s e has out  i n order  project sources,  been b u i l t to  derive a  problems, and  up,  "hit  activity  problem  variance list" delay  activities.  Scott  Construction  Ltd.  S-tM DAILY  Superintendent:  WORK  ENVIRONMENT  SITE  WORK  OTHER  a) Inspections and Tests bl Visitors cl Accidents d) Deliveries : Concrete cubic metres II OCE* CEICNT (PIP. DIV.): 1 MAIN CATCH BOSIN I I STOW DRAIN SHIP PUHP el Field Orders :  GENERAL CONTRACTOR - J 1 G 1 FN / I 1 G2I5FN FftP PERIICTER PILECAPS  1 Sei5FN  FIP CRAVE FOOTING  1 01 EXCAVATION TRADE CONTRACTOR 1 FN / I 1 1 9122FN EICflVPTE COL FT6S/PILECAPS  VN_I r i *—*—+  Cements : Gle) 2 600D W ( D 3 NOT SO GOOD; TRYING TO HEED OUT _83ldl HERE 'TIL 11:11 AN THEM LEFT W/0 NOTICE  LTD.  C A M P B E L L  1  1  CARTAGE  /  1  R E I N F O R C I N G S T E E L 1 03 1 8321FK REINFORCE PERINETER PILECAPS 1 FN  /  1 B322HI REINFORCE COLUMN FT6S/PILECAPS 1 FN  / S  ACTIVITY LOCATim  STATUS  PROBLEM SOURCE CODES :  UAITING DELAYS : SITE CONDITIONS : REWORK CHANGES DUALITY ACTION CODES :  Figure  ( II ( 8) (12) (15) (161  L  CODES  TRADE  L A F A R G E  0  1  CONTRACTOR  1M  /  SF 1  I  S T E E L  -  1  1  1  1  '  (UNITED  REINFORCING)  , 1 '  1  1  '  '  2  1 2) ONLY MADE 19/U CAGES OF REBOR FOR PILES THEN LEFT  /  1 /  •__!  2  1 21 AS ABOVE  /  1/  '  '  1 - TEMP. (OWES FOR 2 TRAILERS 1 HOOKED UP SANG BOX (1WI 1  I  ,  ,'  1  1  i  i  NIGHTINGALE  E L E C T R I C I A N  1  I  I  1  1  1 FN  I  1  •_ _ ! 1  1 012.6FN HCRVfllE STRIP FOOTINGS  I  I  CONSTRUCTION  1 - RATE OF PRODUCTION IS FASTER THEN EXPECTED  1  r _i  CHIRKS RE PROBLEMS  / S  1  i  . 1 1 ESTIMATE OF 1 TINE LOST 1 ACTION 1 1 NHRS 1 DAYS1 CODE 1  1 FN  1  I " I  PROBLEMS  1 0I24FN ElCWflTE CORE FOOTING  I  I 16 ELECTRICAL TRAD l"f VffiJf t j  -  Report Date i 196J-12-K File Used : d:hibury Progress As Of : 1988-I*-17 Revision Number : 0  / 1/ 1 U) HIST REDESIGN TWO FTGS DUE TO SUPER'S ERROR DURING PILING!  1  1  I  U  / 0  1  I 6 6ECRAL CONTRAC I 1 I GG__.1 5__r ¥ l_FG I N _l I (1 aCIWATIOl TRAD f f f 6G_ f i"rv.i_6G._"i3i"i I 13 ENFORCING STE I* 1 "l GG I 2~ I ¥~^ll _GG~_ I N I  SCOTT  C.  .  1 FN  1  I Supervision I Tradesmen I I I I Skill I I I Suff I Skill I I/O I I lal I (b) I (cl I (dl I (el I If) I  88  1 POORER SOURCE 1 CODES 1 1  1  Consents  Trade  O l JUN  AND  / 0  f) Back Charges :  DATA  PROBRESS  1 FN  1 16 ELECTRICA 1 1631H TEMPORARY POIEI  FORCE  WEDNESDAY,  1 TRADE /ACTIVITY / IOC AT 10*5 SCHEDULED FOR I8-«6^1 1 1 GIVE TODAYS' 1 1 STATUS 1 1 (F,I,0,S)  1 G21BFN FW> CDLLIIN FTBS/PILECAPS  REPCON™  H I G H B U R Y  REPORT -  DATA  Ueather Conditions : al (Ml : Clear [ ] Cloudy Ul Rain 111 Srm [ 1 bl (PHI : Clear ( 1 Cloudy [XI Rain [I] SUM ( 1 cl Temperature : Hijh _13 C Lou 9 C dl Precipitation : _12.6JM el Hind : ]kph Site Conditions : fl Ground conditions : Poor [I] Fair t 1 Good t 1 gl Storage on site : Poor [XI Fair [ 1 Sood I 1 hi Access to site : Poor t 1 Fair I ] Good CX) Comments : f) DUE TO WIN J CUV gl DIE TO THE NATURE OF THE JOB (FORA . NOTHER 6-8 MKS " UNTIL S.O.G. IS POURED)  WORK  «.  1 I  I  I  I  I  1  I  1  I 1  1 1  1  : F = Finished, I = Idle, 0 = Dn-ooing, S = Started  Materials; Heather Design Error Owner Error Materials  ( I) Backcharge  ( 2) Manpower ( 9) Access (12) Prefab Error 1161 Design Error (191 Norkianship  ( 31 Tools ( 41 Equipment (HI Storage (111 Ground (Ul Field Error (17) Contractor Error (281 Drawings  I 51 Access  I 6) Inspection  ( 71 Informalion/Decisions  ( 2) Issue Nemo ( 31 Eitra Uork Order  4.13 - D a i l y  S i t e Report  (Hard  Copy)  H O Ul  106 Moreover,  correlation  determine  whether  site the  goal  indices)  signifying  Variance The is  be p o s t u l a t e d ,  or not quantitative  c o n d i t i o n s and i n d i v i d u a l ultimate  (eg.  could  to  specific  act  as  links  activity  i s to establish early  f o r example, t o exist  between  performances.  critical warning  control  Then, values  indicators  for  problems.  Analyses u n d e r l y i n g purpose  of performing variance analyses  s o t h a t p r o j e c t managers c a n i d e n t i f y p r o b l e m  t r e n d s such  as: . t h e most common t y p e s o f a c t i v i t y p r o b l e m s a n d t h e o n e s w i t h t h e g r e a t e s t t i m e l o s t a n d man-hours l o s t ; . t h e most common s o u r c e s o f a c t i v i t y p r o b l e m s a n d t h e o n e s w i t h t h e g r e a t e s t t i m e l o s t a n d man-hours l o s t ; . t h e a c t i v i t i e s t h a t e n c o u n t e r e d t h e most problems and t h e o n e s w i t h t h e g r e a t e s t t i m e l o s t a n d manhours l o s t ; . t h e t r a d e s t h a t e n c o u n t e r e d t h e most p r o b l e m s a n d t h e o n e s w i t h t h e g r e a t e s t t i m e l o s t a n d man-hours lost; . t h e most common t y p e s o f u n u s u a l d e v e l o p m e n t s ( a t the s i t e l e v e l ) and t h e ones w i t h t h e g r e a t e s t t i m e lost; . t h e most common s o u r c e s o f u n u s u a l d e v e l o p m e n t s ( a t the s i t e l e v e l ) and t h e ones w i t h t h e g r e a t e s t t i m e l o s t ; and . the a c t i v i t i e s The  results  manually  t h a t were i n t e r r u p t e d  i n Figures  analyzing  4.14a t o 4.16  the daily  site  aforementioned h i g h - r i s e p r o j e c t  were  reporting  (that  t h e most. obtained data  for  from the  i s , these outputs are  107 not computer g e n e r a t e d ;  but obviously, they  s h o u l d be i n t h e  future).  Activity  Problems  the variance analyses  In are  Figure  ranked,  lost  and  there  data  from  different  i n descending  were  4.9  were  used  lost.  actually  types  order,  of a c t i v i t y  according  to  I t i s interesting  two  occurrences  of  problems  their  time  note  that  to  Unexplained  U n n e c e s s a r y Move w h i c h  c o n t r i b u t e d no t i m e  lost.  c a n t h e r e be a p r o b l e m w i t h o u t  time a  One may lost  judge  were  would  no  a s k how  o r man-hour most  a  work  (no man-hour  subtrade's  activities)  not  t h e two  delayed  i f a  man-hour  lost  of  data.  different  dismiss  event.  important  the  lesson  problem  this  data  after  a  fact  is  few h o u r s  of  on t h o s e  particular  superintendent.  were w o r k i n g  they from  Different  this  discussion i s on  t o enhance t h e  sources  affected activities,  of  were  not  i s encountered  i n order  on  were  activity  and d i f f e r e n t  critical.  site,  s h o u l d , w h e n e v e r p o s s i b l e , make t i m e estimates  having  there  The  site  t h a t they because  man-hour  since  Fortunately,  f o r the subtrade  lost)  or  the problem  o f f only  informing  lost  or  i n a t h e c o u r t o f law,  particular  took  activities  legitimate  superintendent  the  an  that  lost  (no t i m e  In fact,  damages.  crew  without  Nevertheless, that  likely  represents  that  However,  lost.  consequential  correctly  for  i n F i g u r e s 4.14a t o 4.14d.  4.14a,  man-hour  Figure  lost  the and  credibility problems,  affected  trades  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION 2020 HIGHBURY - VARIANCE ANALYSIS OF ACTIVITY PROBLEMS BY PROBLEM TYPE (PERIOD FROM 06/01/88 TO 08/16/88)  ACTIVITY PROBLEM TYPE  % OF TOTAL EST'D NUMBER OF % OF TOTAL OCCURRENCES EST'D TIMELOST MAN-HOURS LOST  Weather  24.94  /  Delays Due to Waiting f o r Information/Decisions  23.02  /  Delays Due to Waiting f o r Fellow Crew Members  19:18  /  Delays Due to Waiting f o r Materials:Warehouse/Vendor  12.71  /  Mandatory Change Order / E x t r a Work  11. 51  /  Delays Due to Waiting f o r Other Crews  3.84  /  Equipment Breakdown  1.92  /  Others  1.92  /  Rework Due to F i e l d E r r o r or Damage  0.96  /  0  /  Unexplained or Unnecessary Move  Figure 4.14a - Variance A n a l y s i s of A c t i v i t y Problems by Problem Type  109 are  ranked  4.14d  in  a  could  range  problem from  caused  Owner,  an  activity  facilitate  computer  necessary  to  know  Party  retrieval  proposed,  a  4.14c,  Figure  Information  The represent  Screen  and  problems.  enough w o r k e r s  on  morning. and  0323FN.  This  In  order  Code  i t  (see  with  was  the  Activity  to  the  enough certain by  originally Information  Delay  listed  in  /  Rework  Figure  t h a t were d i r e c t l y  Nevertheless, more  than  effect).  problem  a  4.14c  affected  problem  one  on  F o r example,  f o o t i n g s ready  hindered  ripple  effect  both  a  activities Figure  R e i n f o r c i n g d i d not  have t h e  However,  is  Figure  a  not  to  4.14biii).  affect  to  the  Subtrades,  information,  associated  06/03/88 U n i t e d site  party  That i s , i t i s not  and  (a f o r m o f r i p p l e on  any  (namely,  Agency).  such  to  (see F i g u r e  could  shows t h a t  0321FN  added  activities  day  project  4.14b,  problem c o u l d have been caused  only  concurrently  the  problem  activities  particular  to  Contractor,  of  affected  activity  i n the  problem.  4.14bii)  those  Figure  Conditions  R e s p o n s i b i l i t y Code be  in  Responsibility  is a  i t should  (see  the  there  Since  Site  Government  b e c a u s e P a r t y A's  B.  Form  and  and  attach  that  activity  in  4.14b,  shown  General  4.14bi) t o each a c t i v i t y  4.6b  Figures  as  problem  Consultants, Utilities,  by  in  sources,  Weather  Suppliers,  to  way  respectively.  Activity  that  similar  for  have pour  activities  i n the  form  of  J.C.  SCOTT  CONSTRUCTION  2020 HIGHBURY - VARIANCE ANALYSIS OF A C T I V I T Y PROBLEMS BY PROBLEM SOURCE (PERIOD FROM 06/01/88 TO 08/16/88)  | |  ACTIVITY PROBLEM SOURCE  | NUMBER OF [OCCURRENCES  % OF TOTAL EST'D % OF TOTAL EST'D TIMELOST MAN-HOURS LOST  1  6  24.94  /  1  6  23.02  /  1  3  19.18  /  1  4  11.51  /  | Canwest  1  2  9.59  /  |Glotman & Simpson/Waisman JDewar, G r o u t & C a r t e r  |  1  7.67  /  JRempel  1  4  3.12  /  | Clairmont  1  2  0.96  /  1  3  0  /  | Hardy  |  1  0  /  j Throry  |  1  0  /  jWeather  jUnited  Reinforcing  JGlotman &  jSite  jj.  Simpson  Conditions  C. S c o t t  Figure  4.14b  Construction  - Variance  Analysis  of A c t i v i t y  Problems by Problem  Source  Problem  Responsibility  Source  Weather . Temperature . Precipitation . Wind  10 11 12  Site . . .  20 21 22  Conditions Access Storage Ground  30  Owner Consultants . Project Manager . Architect . Structural  41 42  General  50  40  Contractor  Subtrades . Excavation . Forming . Reinforcing  60 61 62  Suppliers . Lumber . Reinforcing Steel . Structural Steel  70 71 72  U t i l i t i e s . Water . Sewage . E l e c t r i c i t y  80 81 82  Government Agencies . City Street: Engineering . Fire Marshall . Health Inspector  90 91 92  Figure  4.14bi  -  Sample  Responsibility  Codes  Code  112  ACTIVITY  INFORMATION I n i t i a l s :  Activity  Description:  Activity  Scope  Construction  A c t i v i t y Work  Code:  (quantity/unit/description):  Method:  Status:  Performed  started/in  progress/idle/finished/started  &  finished  Today:  Rate of Production: excellent/satisfactory/unsatisfactory (quantify if possible) . Why " u n s a t i s f i e d " ? Resp. Estimated Lost Code Time /Man-Hrs. Rework Due to: days/ - Design Error: _days/_ - Prefab. Error: days/ - F i e l d Error or Damage: Change O r d e r s / E x t r a Work: - Owner I n i t i a t e d : - Mandatory: - Contractor Initiated:  days/ _davs/_ _days/_  .  D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g for: - Materials: warehouse/vendor - Tools: Construction Equipment: Information/Decisions: Other Crews: F e l l o w Crew Members: Equipment Breakdown (downtime):  _days/_ _days/_ _days/_ days/ _days/_ days/ _davs/_  .  Unexplained  _days/_  .  Late  or  Unnecessary  Move:  days/  Inspection:  Strike/Job  _days/_  Action:  jiays/_  Weather:  davs/  Others:  Q u a l i t y o f Work: . Inspections: . Tests:  Figure  good/fair/poor  4.14bii  - Modified  Activity  Information  Form  DELAY / REUORK  INFORMATION DATE:  PROJECT NUMBER: JS010&6 TRADE:  BB/16/SB  GENERAL CONTRACTOR  ACTIUITY DESCRIPTION: F&P SLAB ON GRADE CODE: G304PK TYPE: UEATHER  RESPONSIBILITY CODE:  • i l a W i M l i H H K M C O U L D NOT  ESTIMATED  POUR DUE TO RAIN  ACTIUITY DELAY: WM:Y.\ H r s .  REMARKS: B13SH P r e s s CONTROL-PGDN t o  enter a  •  ESTIMATED  MAN-HOURS LOST: MiHiTa  retiark:  CONTROL—PGUP t o r e t u r n .  Rec:  Figure  Q]  4.14biii - Modified  D e l a y / Reuork  3Z'33  Infornation  I M I  Screen  114  J.  C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION  2020 HIGHBURY-VARIANCE ANALYSIS OF ACTIVITY PROBLEMS BY AFFECTED ACTIVITY (PERIOD FROM 06/01/88 TO 08/16/88) | |  AFFECTED ACTIVITY  % OF TOTAL |% OF TOTAL EST'D | NUMBER OF (OCCURRENCES EST'D TIMELOSTj MAN HOURS LOST  |F&P Ext Walls/Cols: | Parkade + Int. Walls  1  6  19.71  |  /  |Reinforce Core Walls + | Wing Walls: Pkde  1  2  19.18  |  /  jWaterproofing  1  3  13.43  |  /  j F&P S t r i p Footings + | I n t . Step Ftgs.  1  2  7.67  |  /  |F&P Slab On Grade  1  2  7.67  |  /  jExcavate Core Footing  |  1  7.67  |  /  |Reinforce Slab On Grade  |  1  5.76  |  /  j F&P Crane Footing  1  2  3.84  |  /  jReinforce Perimeter j Pilecaps  1  2  3.84  |  /  JReinforce Column F t g s / j Pilecaps  1  2  3.84  |  /  jExcavate Drain T i l e s , | U/G Plumbing  1  2  2.49  |  /  j Backfill/Grading  1  2  1.92  |  /  |Drain T i l e , U/G Plumbing  1  2  1.53  |  /  |F&P Core Walls + Wing j Walls: Pkde  1  2  1.44  |  /  |F&P Perimeter  |  1  0  1  /  |  1  0  1  /  Core  Pilecaps  |Reinforce Crane Footing/ j Anchor B o l t s  Figure 4.14c - Variance A n a l y s i s of A c t i v i t y Problems by A f f e c t e d A c t i v i t y  115 effects  on  subsequent  analysis. in  L i k e w i s e , even  Figure  4.14d  consequences lost  of  activities  are  from  the  temporary  Breakdown)  could  though  only  affect  the affected  those  activity  power  were n o t c o n s i d e r e d  who  be  a l l of  trades  a  direct  problem  classified  the  listed  inherited  problems,  (would  i n the  trades  such  as  on  as  Equipment  site  at  the  same t i m e .  Unusual produce  the  Different sources order, 4.15b  variance types  of  of  unusual  according  reduce  have their  they could warning  recorded  i n Figures  unusual  developments  their  time  Again, time  are  a  lost in  number entries  claims  for project that  in  order  a Responsibility  Environment  each  Code  unusual  should  Responsibility  be Code  modified  in  descending 4.15a  and  items  i n the  two  could  However,  and u s e f u l Moreover,  by p r o b l e m  to  the make  Unusual  (Figure  s h o u l d be  the  Site  /  Developments  provision  ( s e e F i g u r e s 4 . 1 5 b i and  computer  sources  Thus,  early  i t must  facilitate  (from F i g u r e 4.14bi)  and  greatly  preparation.  development.  I n f o r m a t i o n Form  different  which  to  4.15b.  Figures  of  managers.  o f unusual developments  with  in  and  to  and  ranked,  lost  were u s e d  4.15a  be v a l u a b l e d o c u m e n t a t i o n  forgotten  retrieval 4.15b),  still  4.8  analyses  usefulness  indicators  be  Screen  zero  d a t a from F i g u r e  developments  to  respectively.  figures  not  Developments  for  4.15bii).  the  116  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION 2020 HIGHBURY - VARIANCE ANALYSIS OF ACTIVITY PROBLEMS BY AFFECTED TRADE (PERIOD FROM 06/01/88 TO 08/16/88)  | |  AFFECTED TRADE  | NUMBER OF % OF TOTAL |% OF TOTAL EST'D |OCCURRENCES EST'D TIMELOST| MAN HOURS LOST  1  21  46.28  |  /  1  8  32.61  |  /  |Throry  1  3  13.43  |  /  |Campbell Cartage  |  1  7.67  |  /  |J. C. Scott |United  Construction  Reinforcing  Figure 4.14d - Variance A n a l y s i s o f A c t i v i t y Problems by A f f e c t e d Trade  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION 2020 HIGHBURY - VARIANCE ANALYSIS OF UNUSUAL DEVELOPMENTS BY PROBLEM TYPE (PERIOD FROM 06/01/88 TO 08/16/88)  TYPE OF UNUSUAL DEVELOPMENT.  NUMBER OF % OF TOTAL OCCURRENCES EST'D TIMELOST  100  O v e r a l l Job Delays  9  P o t e n t i a l Problems  10  0  Other Unusual Developments  7  0  Disputes  5  0  Figure 4.15a - Variance A n a l y s i s of Unusual Developments by Problem Type  117  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION 2020 HIGHBURY-VARIANCE ANALYSIS OF UNUSUAL DEVELOPMENTS BY PROBLEM SOURCE (PERIOD FROM 06/01/88 TO 08/16/88)  SOURCE OF UNUSUAL DEVELOPMENT  j NUMBER OF j % OF TOTAL j OCCURRENCES|EST'D TIMELOST  Glotman & Simpson/Waisman j  |  Dewar, Grout 6i Carter  |  3  |  71.94  Clalrmont  j  1  j  14.39  Canwest  |  2  |  10.79  Weather  |  3  |  2.88  J . C. Scott C o n s t r u c t i o n  j  10  j  0  United R e i n f o r c i n g  |  3  |  0  Hardy  |  2  |  0  S i t e Conditions  j  2  j  0  Northern West E l e v a t o r s  |  1  j  0  Fraser River P i l i n g  j  1  j  0  [Rempel  |  1  |  0  j S t e r l i n g Cooper  j  1  j  0  Van Maren  1  0  Figure 4.15b - Variance A n a l y s i s o f Unusual Developments by Problem Source  118  SITE  /  ENVIRONMENT  INFORMATION I n i t i a l s :  Project: Project  . No.:  Date:  [  Superintendent:  Weather  (AM):  clear/cloudy/rainy/snowy;  other  (PM):  clear/cloudy/rainy/snowy;  other  Temperature  (Hi/Lo):  /  Precipitation:  mm  Wind:  Site  °C  Kph  Conditions:  .  Access  .  Storaae  .  Ground  Unusual  to  Site:  on  Site:  poor/fair/qood  Conditions:  Developments:  .  Strikes/Job  .  Potential  .  Delays:  .  Disputes:  .  poor/fair/qood  Others  Figure  poor/fair/qood  Actions:  Problems: ves/no ves/no  Resp. Code  yes/no ves/no yes/no  Estimated Time Lost  (  ) (  davs)  (  j (  davs)  (  davs)  (  davs)  ) f  davs)  ( ( (  4.15bi - M o d i f i e d S i t e / Environment I n f o r m a t i o n Form  , ,  UNUSUAL DEUELOPMENTS  DATE: 08/16/88  PROJECT NUMBER: JS81066  TYPE:  OTHER  UNUSUAL DEUELOPMENTS  RESPONSIBILITY  CODE:  _  ESTIMATED TIME LOST TO OUERALL JOB:  Days  REMARKS: BBBB1 P r e s s CONTROL-PGDN t o e n t e r  a r e r m r k : CONTROL—PGUP t o r e t u r n .  Rec:  Figure 4.15bii  — Modified  3Z/3Z  Unusual Developments Screen  120 Activity were u s e d  to  Figure  4.16.  within  the  an The  duration  activities of  of  are idle  listed time  interrupted  this  assume  Reinforce most  activity  Whereas, degree  of  activity the  the  of  of  by  was  was  likely  Ftgs.  +  49  on  by  yet  was  i t did  not  Thus,  one  may  activities.  time,  expected be  one  Ftgs.  4.14c).  i t s predecessor  to  looking Affected  schedule,  on  idle  analysis,  Step  (in Figure  planned  the  example, by  days)  probably  duration.  justify  Int.  finished  greatest  activity  with t h i s  with  examined.  the  Problems  in  finished  were of  to  For  completed  activity  most  day  entire  problem  delayed  4.5b  08/16/88 and  order  Activity  out  not  interruption was  the  the  Strip (44  was  i t was  i f  one  4.14c) c o n c u r r e n t l y  the  that  than  w o u l d t h e n be  register a single activity if  were s t a r t e d and  06/01/88 t o  in  over  Analysis  (Figure that  of  shown i n F i g u r e  interruptions analysis  w i t h each a c t i v i t y .  Variance  see  that  that  more  p r o j e c t manager's j o b  the  as  activity  A l l activities  activity  Activity can  such  produce the  time a s s o c i a t e d at  data  reporting period  percentage The  Status  the  high  because  the  i n t e r r u p t i b l e from  start.  Postulating So trending often  Correlations  far by  the the  affected  analyses most  problems  and  been  common t y p e s  activities  i n v e s t i g a t e whether  have  or  not  overall  and  and  trades.  focused sources The  on and  next  problem the  step  c o r r e l a t i o n s e x i s t between job  or  individual  most is  to  these  activity  121  J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION  2020 HIGHBURY - ACTIVITY INTERRUPTIONS ANALYSIS ( FOR ACTIVITIES THAT WERE STARTED & FINISHED WITHIN THE REPORTING PERIOD OF 06/01/88 TO 08/16/88 AND WITH ACTIVITY DURATION > 1 DAY )  ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION  NUM. OF TOTAL ACT. | % OF IDLE DAYS DURATION j TIME IDLE  Reinforce S t r i p Ftgs.+ I n t . Step Ftgs.  44  49  |  89.80  Undergrnd. Serv.:Storm/Swge. Drns.  16  23  |  69.57  Reinforce C o l . F t g s . / P i l e c a p s  13  20  |  65.00  F&P S t r i p Ftgs.+ I n t . Step Ftgs.  32  50  |  64.00  Excav. D r a i n T i l e s , U/G  12  20  |  60.00  F&P Suspended Slab i n E l e v a t o r P i t  4  8  |  50.00  F&P Core Walls  5  11  |  45.45  Reinforce Core Walls  2  5.  |  40.00  Waterproofing Core  1  4  |  25.00  E l e c t . S.O.G. U/G  0  2  1  o  0  2  1  o  Reinforce Crane Ftg./Anch. B o l t s  0  2  1  °.  Reinf. Suspended Slab i n E l e v a t o r P i t  0  2  1  o  Erect Tower Crane  0  3  1  0  Excavate Core Footing  0  4  1  o  Reinforce Core Footing  0  4  1  o  |Re i n f . Core Walls + Wing Walls: Pkde  0  6  1  o  |F&P Core F o o t i n g  0  8  1  o  |F&P Core Walls + Wing Walls: Pkde  0  11  1  o  Excav. Slab Thickening  Figure 4.16  Plumb.  ( D i v i d e r Beams)  - A c t i v i t y Interruptions Analysis  122 performances. correlation  In  order  analyses,  and  progress  measurements  the  is  DSRS  of  performance  crude  comparisons  in that  between  since  daily  indicators  estimated  extensive i s not  site  on  one  report,  available  Thus, t h e  i t i s based  formal  statistical  analysis  proposed  analyses are l i m i t e d .  somewhat  perform  But  for productivity  objectives of t h i s  number  to  require b u i l t - i n  graphical capabilities.  major  correlation  the  i t would  analysis  of the  for  for  f o l l o w i n g study  some v e r y  (benchmark)  and  simple actual  performances.  Certain  correlations  estimated  with  indicators). part  of the  such  as  an  actual  Since  Scheduling the  scope  values  shown  values  marrying by  of  the J . C.  this  hereafter  for  not  from  System.  DSRS  by  comparing  (with  are  retrieved  Scheduling  System used  beyond  postulated  performances  must be  a computerized for  be  benchmark  DSRS, t h e y  interface  may  with  problem  included  as  other  sources  However,  writing  the  computerized  S c o t t C o n s t r u c t i o n would  report.  Therefore,  d i s c u s s i o n purposes  be  benchmark are  purely  fictitious.  For  most  representation cumulative  of  general the  manpower  cumulative  expended  would g i v e a good g r o s s plot  has  been  prepared  contractors,  c o n c r e t e poured  for  form  indication from  the  a  and  pour  graphical versus  activities  of job progress.  database  the  f o r 2020  Such  a  Highbury  123 (see  Figure  4.17a).  significantly estimated  behind  curve).  correlations  figure  schedule The  between  productivity.  next  each  problem  tends  (deviation  the  a  problem plot  curve  and  is  concrete  shown  Weather  then  in  the  is  4.17b  the  show from  and  t h e same  Delays  Due  If  to  the  plan)  two  of  the  such  overlays  to  on  between  example  the  graph  curve.  prior  exist  the  concrete  the o r i g i n a l  An  is  postulate  up  may  where  job  fictitious  along the actual  productivity.  and  to  delay  correlation  Figure  Problem  (using  of  to  unanticipated plateaus actual  that  done by p l o t t i n g  indicators overlaid  particular  shows  step  type  T h i s c o u l d be  with problem a  The  Waiting  a of  for  I n f o r m a t i o n / D e c i s i o n s have been i n c l u d e d .  An  alternative  cumulative  format  concrete  comparison  now  poured  becomes  concrete productivity the must  estimated have  curve  must  feel  present  This  superintendent  to  Therefore,  another  reasonably  obtained  concrete  f o r such  a  pour  obviously  comfortable industry,  against  time.  with  i t  is  simply level from  plot,  dates means  often adopt of  the s i t e  their  expected  the  these  superintendent values. to  computerized  refinement as  yet.  of  schedule  difficult a  instead  for  project  and  committing  basis  plot  In order t o o b t a i n  the  that  i s to  The  production  (see F i g u r e 4.18).  scheduled  quantities.  f o r t h e above a n a l y s i s  might  In get  the the  schedule. not  be  FORM & POUR CONCRETE C U M . PRODUCTIVITY 2020 HIGHBURY - J.C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION  0  Figure  1  2  3 (Thousands) CUMULATIVE MANPOWER EXPENDED (MAN —HRS.) • ACTUAL o ESTIMATED  4.17a - C u m u l a t i v e C o n c r e t e P o u r e d v s . C u m u l a t i v e Manpower E x p e n d e d  4  125  FORM & POUR CONCRETE C U M . PRODUCTIVITY 2 0 2 0 HIGHBURY -  F i g u r e 4.17b  J . C . SCOTT CONSTRUCTION  - Cumulative Concrete Poured v s . Cumulative Manpower E x p e n d e d w i t h O v e r l a i d P r o b l e m Indicators  CORRELATION: DELAYS V S . C O N C . PLACEMENT 2 0 2 0 HIGHBURY -  05/30  06/06  06/13  •  Figure  4.18  06/20  06/27  J . C . SCOTT CONSTRUCTION  07/04  07/11  07/18  07/25  08/01  08/03  PERIOD FROM 0 6 / 0 1 / 8 8 TO 0 8 / 1 6 / 8 8 ACTUAL O ESTIMATED  - C u m u l a t i v e C o n c r e t e P o u r e d v s . Time w i t h O v e r l a i d Problem I n d i c a t o r s  08/15  126 It  must  productivity was  still  be  which  activities.  be  the  means  that  were n o t e a s y to  estimated  data  on  concrete  concrete  be  would  be one c o n c r e t e  early  i n t h e week  a n d one  regular  estimated  pour  generated  as  dates  i t could curves.  f o r the walls  f o r the slab  (thus,  benchmarks f o r  five-day cycle  pour  time  f o r the construction of  accurate  i f a  at  repetitive  as a r e s u l t ,  reasonable  very  could  n o t many  pours  t o schedule;  F o r example,  there  (substructure of the  were  were c o l l e c t e d  floors,  curves)  comparison.  above  there  produce  i f the data  typical  the  out o f t h e ground"  Therefore,  difficult  Whereas  that  a n d p r o d u c t i o n were c o l l e c t e d w h i l e t h e p r o j e c t  "coming  building)  intervals  noted  i s employed, and columns  a t t h e end o f t h e  week.  On  the  performance measuring  in a  hand,  similar  quantities,  measurement 4.19  other  in  to  analyze  fashion, standardized  such  and performance  [43:31-42]),  order  as  those  used  in  evaluation studies  must be e m p l o y e d .  But t h e s e  subtrade  methods f o r productivity (see F i g u r e measurements  c o u l d be v e r y t i m e  c o n s u m i n g w h i c h makes them u n s u i t a b l e f o r  daily  Instead,  used  reporting. on s e l e c t e d  likely  to arise.  these  techniques  labour-intensive tasks  should  where  only  be  problems a r e  127  Explanation Method  Method of Measuring Quantities  1)  Units  2)  Percent  3)  Level  4)  Incremental  5)  Start/Finish  Figure  Eg.  Completed  of  4.19  Milestones  Percentage  Methods  evaluation by superintendent  Based on predetermined rules (eg. stages of formwork: erection, alignment, . . . , cleaning)  Effort  -  cu.yds. of excavation, number o f c e i l i n g t i l e s in place, etc.  Subjective foreman or  Completed  of  Eg.  equipment alignment  i n s t a l l a t i o n , and testing  Applicable to tasks which lack readily definable intermediate milestones or for which the e f f o r t in terms of work-hours required is very d i f f i c u l t to estimate. A r b i t r a r i l y assign a percent complete to the s t a r t ; and when the item i s complete, 100 % completion is credited.  Available  for  Measuring  Quantities  128 4.4  AN OVERVIEW OF THE PROPOSED DATA REPORTING The  been  Data  Reporting  programmed.  It  report generator  4.4.1  and  System  described  i s merely  a  Lotus  popular  1-2-3  has not  conceptualization  of  a  filter.  H i e r a r c h i c a l Menu  and  application.  dBASE  Specific  I I I PLUS) reports  Structure  i s best can  be  t h r o u g h a s e r i e s o f menus a n d q u e s t i o n s  System  4.20  shows  A l l o f t h e major  proposed  daily  Variance  Analyses  site  cursor  i f that  output  to  output,  a  specification particular  from.  highlight  by  for this by  going  as o u t l i n e d below:  menu  of the  of information  on t h e  the  would  of interest.  items here.  first  of To  move t h e  and h i t <return>. has  graphs  more  and  than  one  reports  are  4.21a t o 4.21h) f o r t h e  selecting again),  would  two  listed  item  (see F i g u r e s  cursor  the  are  information of  first  as  the user  Upon  questions  output  of  list  i n a sub-menu  the  well  Correlations  category  choose  as  to the appropriate  available,  presented  categories  report  and  the preferred  highlight Then  suited  selected  t h e recommended  system.  select  (as used  Menus  Figure  (with  hereafter  METHOD OF DATA RETRIEVAL The  user  SYSTEM  follow  a  the desired series to  of  narrow  output related  down  the  Weather Site  Information  Conditions  Unusual  Developments  Work F o r c e  Information  Drawings  Availability  Delivery  Information  E q u i p m e n t Usage Accident  Information  Activity  Information  Quality Daily  Control  Site  Variance  Reports  Analyses  Correlations  Figure  Weather Site  4.20 - D a t a R e p o r t i n g S y s t e m M a i n Menu  Information Temperature  Conditions  Unusual  Developments  Work F o r c e  Information  Drawings  Availability  Delivery  Information  Profile  Precipitation Wind  Profile  Profile  E q u i p m e n t Usage Accident  Information  Activity  Information  Quality  Control  Daily S i t e Reports Variance  Analyses  Correlations  Figure  4.21a - W e a t h e r I n f o r m a t i o n Sub-Menus  Weather Site  Information  Conditions  Unusual  Ground C o n d i t i o n s  Developments  Work F o r c e  Storage  Information  Drawings  Availability  Delivery  Information  Access Site  On S i t e To S i t e  Conditions  Profile  Profile Profile Report  E q u i p m e n t Usage Accident  Information  Activity  Information  Quality Daily  Control  Site  Variance  Reports  Analyses  Correlations  F i g u r e 4.21b - S i t e  Weather Site  Information  Conditions  Unusual  Developments  Work F o r c e  Information  Drawings  Availability  Delivery  Information  Equipment  Information  Activity  Information  Quality  Daily  Format  F r e q u e n c y Of o c c u r r e n c e  Format  Usage  Accident  Daily  C o n d i t i o n s Sub-Menu  Control  Site  Variance  Reports  Analyses  Correlations  F i g u r e 4.21c - U n u s u a l D e v e l o p m e n t s Sub-Menu  131  Weather Site  Information  Conditions  Unusual Work  Developments  Force  Information  Drawings  Availability  Delivery  Information  Equipment  P r o f i l e  Level  Profile  Manpower I n f o r m a t i o n  Information  Activity  Information  Daily  Usage  Crew S k i l l  Usage  Accident  Quality  Manpower  Report  Control  Site  Variance  Reports  Analyses  Correlations  Figure  Weather Site  4.2Id  - Work F o r c e  Information  Sub-Menu  Information  Conditions  Unusual  Developments  Work F o r c e  Information  Drawings  Availability  Delivery  Information  Equipment Usage Accident  Information  A c t i v i t y  Information  Quality Daily  Site  Variance  Status  Control Reports  Analyses  Report  Work C o n t i n u i t y Problems  Profile  Report  Daily  Frq.  Correlations  Figure  4.21e - A c t i v i t y  Information  Format  Ocur.  Sub-Menus  Format  Weather Site  Information  Conditions  Unusual  Developments  Work F o r c e  Information  Drawings  Availability  Delivery  Information  E q u i p m e n t Usage Accident  Information  Activity  Information  Q u a l i t y  Control  Daily Site Variance  Reports  Analyses  Testing  Report  Inspection  Report  Correlations  Figure  Weather Site  4.21f - Q u a l i t y C o n t r o l Sub-Menu  Information  Conditions  Unusual  Developments  Work F o r c e  Information  Drawings  Availability  Delivery  Information  Equipment Usage Accident  Information  Activity  Information  Quality Daily  Control  Site  Variance  Reports  Analyses  Correlations  A c t i v i t y  Problems  . Problem .  Problem  . Affected . Affected  By:  Type  Source  Activity Trade  U n u s u a l D e v e l o p m e n t s By: . Problem . Problem  Type Source  Activity Interruptions Analysis  F i g u r e 4.21g - V a r i a n c e A n a l y s e s  Sub-Menu  Weather Site  Information  Conditions  Unusual  Developments  Work F o r c e  Information  Drawings  Availability  Delivery  Information  Equipment  Usage  Accident  Information  Activity  Information  Quality  Control  Daily Site Variance  Reports  Analyses  Correlations Cum. C o n c r e t e Poured V s .  Time Cum. Manpower Expended  F i g u r e 4.21h - C o r r e l a t i o n s  Sub-Menu  134  Specification If  Questions  daily  stored  in  site  the  q u e s t i o n would can  information  same  from  database,  multiple  projects are  first  specification  the  always be: " F o r which p r o j e c t ?  facilitate  project  selection  by  1 1  .  The system  providing  a  project  directory.  For  Weather  Developments, final  and  question  entries  may  be  to  /  /  information  For  Variance  would  be:  solicited 11  .  If  should  regarding  time  a list  be  span.  of trades  requested.  Usage.  time  i n t h e format: only  one  an  Unusual  subsequent  and  span?".  "From  date  Date  /  /  i s entered,  only  the  Drawings A v a i l a b i l i t y ,  additional  posed  prior  Again,  this  to select  For D e l i v e r y Information,  "Equipment  the  " F o r what  l i m i t e d t o t h e t r a d e s on f i l e  between  Conditions,  Analyses,  Information,  Information,  trade?",  be  Site  f o r t h a t p a r t i c u l a r day i s generated.  Work F o r c e  Accident  with  Information,  question,  to entry  from.  the  This  and  Description"  The system  should  be  list  request expedited should  be  f o rthe specified project.  y e t another  s p e c i f i c a t i o n can  "Material D e s c r i p t i o n " should trade  "For which  final  should  and  time should  span be  present  requests. provided  a list  be  solicited Similarly,  f o r Equipment  o f equipment  items  135 from  the s p e c i f i e d  For  Activity  specification project?",  project  Information  questions  "For  which  first,  activities  In  and Q u a l i t y  should  "For  what  By i n d i c a t i n g  t h e system  can display  order  to retrieve  the Daily  a Correlation  output  the shortest  Site  4.1b.  specifications each  specific  F o r example,  w o u l d prompt  t h e user  that output  Report,  time  list  of  with  regard  Types.  are required a r e shown  according  the user  Date.  i s selected  i t s P r o j e c t , Time Span, a n d P r o b l e m  generate  span?", and  for selection.  Finally,  The  time  " F o r which  the t r a d e and the  o n l y needs t o s p e c i f y t h e P r o j e c t and t h e  to  from.  Control, the  be as f o l l o w s :  trade?",  "For which a c t i v i t y ? " . span  f o r the u s e r t o choose  t o i s o l a t e and  i n Tables  t o Table  4.1a  and  4.1a, t h e s y s t e m  t o enter the following information i n  o r d e r t o r e t r i e v e t h e sample T e s t i n g R e p o r t  i n F i g u r e 4.12b:  1)  F o r w h i c h p r o j e c t ? ===> 2020 HIGHBURY;  2)  F o r w h i c h t r a d e ? ===> GENERAL CONTRACTOR;  3)  F o r what t i m e  4)  For which a c t i v i t y ?  s p a n ? ===> From 06/01/88 t o 08/16/88; and ===> F&P EXT WALLS/COLS: PARKADE + INT. WALLS.  136  Output  Proj  Weather Information - Temp. Profile - Precip. Profile . Rain . Snow  Trade  Material Descrptn  Eqipment Descrptn  Time Span  X  X  X X X  X X X  X X X X  X X X  Unusual Developments - Daily Format - Frq. Ocur. Format  X X  X X  Work F o r c e I n f o r m a t i o n - Manpower Usage Profile - Crew S k i l l L e v e l Prof. - Manpower I n f o . Report  X X X  X X X  X X X  Drawings  Availab'ltv  X  X  X  Material  Delivery  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  -  Wind  Profile  Site Conditions - Grd. Conds. -  Profile  S t o r a g e On S i t e Profile Access To S i t e Profile S i t e Conds. Report  Equipment Accident  Usaae  Report  Report Profile  Information  Report  Activity  X  X  X X  X  Activity Information - Status Report - Work C o n t i n u i t y Profile - Problems Report . Daily Format . Frq. Ocur. Format  X X  X X  X X  X X  X X  X X  X X  X X  Oualitv Control - Testing Report - Inspection Report  X X  X X  X X  X X  Daily  X  Site  Report  Table  4.la  Date  X  -  Output  Specifications  1  Project  Output  Variance Analyses - A c t i v i t y Problems By: . Problem Type . Problem Source . Affected Activity . Affected Trade - Unusual Developments By: . Problem Type . Problem Source - Activity Interruptions Analysis Correlati - Cum. Cum. - Cum.  ons Concrete Manpower Concrete Time  Table  Poured Vs. Expended Poured Vs.  4.1b  -  Output  Time Span  X X X X  X X X X  X X  X X  X  X  X  X  X  X  Specifications  Problem Types  X  2  138  5.0  IMPLEMENTATION  5.1  ATTITUDE OF MANAGEMENT AND  SITE  As  Construction  expected,  research without benefiting over  the  research  Invariably, providing  A  i t could  additional  project  and  asked  are  not t o l d  not  to  the  explain  superintendent  student  perceive  this  to  the  me  senior  company  complete h i s t h e s i s .  had  i s simply That  jobs.  being  task.  said  handed  with  that  the s i t e  i s , superintendents Therefore,  there  confirmed  i t became  superintendent  and t h a t  he  to report  management.  t o cooperate  without  and s e n s i t i v e  f o r t h e company,  about  firm.  t o cooperate  t o Highbury's  C o n s t r u c t i o n ' s management t h e n the  [30]  site.  superintendent  t o run t h e i r  not working  t o worry  performance  benefit  the structure.  to clearly  I was have  r e s o u r c e s on  this  scheduling  i t should  the superintendent  how  to  t h e company h a s b e e n  a much more d i f f i c u l t  to build  agreed  receive increased job control  manager . o f  traditionally,  necessary  thus,  potential  the s i t e  r e s e a r c h was  that  years;  another  Motivating the  In fact,  Dr. R u s s e l l ' s c o m p u t e r i z e d few  as  Scott  hesitation.  from past  J . C.  PERSONNEL  J. my  C.  c l a i m by  on t h e b a s i s  would  on h i s Scott asking  of helping  a  139  5.2  MANUAL DATA COLLECTION So  has  f a r only  been  reporting, conceived  1,  a  1988  was  increasing phase  during the  course  first  up  meeting  J.  data  C.  Scott  daily  site  collection  was  study.  after  conduct the  collection t o J u n e 1,  to  formally  introduce  and  t o seek h i s  flexible  f o r him, lunch  Mr.  he at  was on  X, on  site.  12:30  had  to And  only  agreed  The  the  of  having  been  having  a  of  to  the  subject  of  update  would  with  were  Mr. the  his  the  periodically prepared  whenever  be  interrupt  job  to  s i n c e we  to cooperate. pm  to  purpose  research  s i t e r e p o r t i n g because of these  . Instead  meeting  management  h i s previous  used  and  a  myself.  from June  cooperation.  research he  ran  a site  superintendent, and  researchers  very  Prior  the  Therefore,  convenient right  collection  improved  manual  of t h i s  data  to  in  Russell,  scheduling  "entertain" be  of  1988.  superintendent,  company.  interest  Dr.  was  superintendent  to  16,  with  representative,  computer  manual due  phase o f manual d a t a  t o August  The  of  F I R S T PHASE - PERSONAL EXPERIENCE  set  this  phase  However,  second  THE  The  first  discussed.  Construction's  5.2.1  the  X  i t felt  best  was that  time  to  do  the  reasons:  work  to  140 r e p o r t i n g , he c o u l d j u s t s p e n d a few e x t r a m i n u t e s i n the s i t e o f f i c e b e f o r e going out i n t o the field again f o r the afternoon. . By e a r l y a f t e r n o o n , he s h o u l d h a v e a f a i r l y good i d e a o f t h e p r o g r e s s o f t h e day; and t h u s , he s h o u l d be a b l e t o answer most o f t h e q u e s t i o n s on the forms. Any i n f o r m a t i o n t h a t was o v e r l o o k e d c o u l d be c a p t u r e d on t h e f o l l o w i n g day.  Based data  on  the  above  c o l l e c t i o n was  Mr. helpful.  X  turned  On  the  usually  collects  already  covered  control) diary in  a  and  for  officially  out  in his i n my  told  legal  him  me  some  of  own  how  he  site  his  past  jobs,  dispute  reporting, explain  (as  i n Figure  vital  the  Unfortunately, The  Mr.  X  t o Mr.  introduced  first  day,  Mr.  X  he  took Y,  a  This  daily  of  took over  site  of  met  got  to In  me  about  sequencing,  etc..  to  admit  honesty  on  his  own  could  be  problems. June  16.  job.  Y on  s i t e and  r e p o r t forms t h e n .  Y recommended a c o u p l e  I  tell  absence  Mr.  a  involved  As  activity  the  is  such  talkative.  would  he  equipment  been  past. more  4.6b).  leave  to  had  willing  l e a v i n g , I had  to the  keep  he  and  which  i t is  activity  was  ( a l l of of  representation  p r o j e c t manager, Mr.  Prior was  accurate  a l l , he  1.  exception  and  manual  what i n f o r m a t i o n  i n the  more  mistakes to  the  of  cooperative  log  Apparently  of  shown  job  important  important  phase  on J u n e  showed me  daily  became  daily  first  extremely  forms w i t h  to  most  he  the  launched  be  purposes.  better,  addition  to  f i r s t day,  construction legal  know  But  conditions,  of u s e f u l  On  he his  improvements  141 to  my  system.  corresponding  He  activity  force  information  trade  only  once  information  ( i f we  first  then  we  For  Work F o r c e  "Sufficient to  The  and  he  be  Information to  reporting He  In  fact,  never  free  him  around  than I  two  the  h o u r s on On  But  I  than  ask  site.  to  deal  the  what  I  he  and, usually  the  should  Mr.  everyday  (short  the tape  f o r missing  information  five-minute data  and  twice).  be  Y  that  changed  were  unless  calls,  usually I  asked  to get asked  would  me  check  up  progress takes), data  the  doing end with I was  (not  visitors,  On  days  when  site until  while  I would have t o  wound  job  information  minutes.  information at the  recording  force  a l s o suggested  telephone  even  he  each  trades  anything  fifteen  i n order  with  a c t u a l r e p o r t i n g time  as  the  work  Conditions".  with  me  the  the  t h e work  the  Schedule"  Sometimes,  site  myself;  was  for  occasion,  foreman c o n f i r m since  longer  would  information day.  he  for  after  busy, I would j u s t hang around t h e  or  need.  ask  activity  form,  tell  etc.)  was  the  sessions  i n t e r r u p t i o n s such  very  like  through  Meet  would not  i t explicitly.  was  of  going  including  he  right  would  all  would  daily  was  should  (Manpower) t o Meet J o b  rather brief. for  I  were t o u p d a t e a l l o f  (Manpower)  "Sufficient  that  information  because  second, the  said  he  following spend  more  information  that  to  fill  i t the was  in  following  to  let  o f t h e day. a  video  also  confirmation.  the  able  the And,  camera to  use  142 Actually, daily  site  He job  Information  be  Rate  Form,  used  with  people.  he  As  in  for  Production" said  that  like  general,  the  list  he  He  number  (of s e c t i o n  problems  However,  i n order  comprehensiveness  of  these  during to  problem  site  anything  in  by  saying to deal  did  course the  4.3.5 capture  of  this  accuracy  descriptions,  one  r e c o r d e d c o m p a r i s o n s on t i m e  and  estimated  lost.  The  values  totals  found  i n Figures  4.8  and  4.9.  values  would  have t o  derived  from  (actual  vs.  planned  (actual vs. planned  In  general,  comfortable quantitative  be  durations)  ones.  simply  Whereas t h e the  the  the  recorded  Scheduling  Cost  lost  Control  System System  manpower e x p e n d i t u r e ) .  both  with  and  are  and  would  h a v e make e s t i m a t e d v e r s u s man-hours  to  that  section  2.2)  determine  for  are planning me  the  not  Activity  k n o w i n g how  report  own  do  other  concluded  analyses  of  the  most  tell  variance  site  out  "Reasons  on  and  would not  themselves.  the  to f i l l  Scott Construction's  s i t e management i s r e a l l y  show t h a t t h e d a i l y  research.  d i d not  ( e s p e c i a l l y y o u n g e r g u y s who  Nevertheless,  fair  of  against  effective  he  "paperwork,  job f o r a while)  that  a  that  efficiency".  superintendents keep t h e i r  why  ( i n c l u d i n g J . C.  felt  Unsatisfactory  could  Y t o l d me  reports  version) . improve  Mr.  superintendents  providing A  seemed  qualitative  possible  to  be  responses  explanation  for  more over this  143 behaviour  is  that  they  could  be  worry  management h o l d i n g them t o t h e e s t i m a t e d  5.2.2  THE  of  the  second  began  in  late  December,  difference  between  the  first  phase  latter  arose  from  tool.  After  reviewing  section  4.3),  the  potential myself  design  form  the  daily  to  their  forward  the  The  interest  in  (from  management r e a l i z e d  They t h e n u r g e d  Dr.  preferably only  the  Russell one  be  and  page  and  as  a  responsible for who  would  standard  in  of  requested  this had  form. to  minimized  completing  be  most We  were  very  Also, the  superintendents  do  the time  out  such  a f o r m may  for supervision.  and  straight of  p a p e r w o r k i n g e n e r a l , and  meetings  told  length  like  lost  form.  important  not  mean t i m e  because the  selling  company  l e n g t h were t h e two  design  be  should  formal  is  this  outputs  form  two  main  phase  the  After  data  second  sample  of cross-referencing. be  manual  implementation.  report  in  free  the  superintendents  information  and  of  form,  site  simplicity  considerations the  new  the  company's  managers w o u l d  site  Therefore,  that  a  project  this  some  a system.  for actual  The  the  of  1988.  and  company's p r o j e c t  o f such  to  length,  quantities.  phase  collection  the  senior  SECOND PHASE  Implementation  that  about  required to  fill  several discussions with  144 the  project  designed  managers,  for site  information  a  new  implementation  requested  the  items d i s c u s s e d  its  PROBLEM  by t h i s  SOURCE CODES.  the f i r s t  problems  thing  a r e coming  problem sources  As adopt  includes  input  used  on  into  projects,  a  quickly.  Then,  conditions,  System  activity felt  owner,  t h e company  Since  database  could  etc.).  plans  to  i n section  be d o i n g this  by  the actual  system  current  be b u i l t  will  be  high-rise up  and v a r i a n c e  fairly  analysis  be c a r r i e d o u t .  COMPUTERIZED DATA COLLECTION Two o f J . C. S c o t t  interviewed office. Highbury, on  many o f  i s where t h e  (as d i s c u s s e d  c o r r e l a t i o n analyses  should  The  led to classification  o f t h e company's  substantial  interpretation  5.3  four  most,  t o know  input,  t h e computer.  at least  5.1).  of classifying  3.4.1) w h e r e b y t h e p r o j e c t managers w i l l data  was  The m a j o r d i f f e r e n c e i s  like  site  o f data  2-Stage  form  2.4, t h e p r o j e c t m a n a g e r s  This  (eg. weather,  Basic  form  would  from.  report  (see Figure  Instead  they  f o r t h e method The  site  i n s e c t i o n 2.2.  problems by t y p e as i n F i g u r e that  daily  every  with Mr.  agreed  Construction's  regard X,  the  that,  construction  superintendents  to using  a  original  superintendent  on  there  computer  eventually, site  computer  will  i n the  were  be a  a s a management a i d .  site 2020  Mr. Z, a  YOUR CONSTRUCTION COMPANY L T D .  R E P C O N T N  R E P C O N  S O M P L E  DAILY  SITE  H I G H R I  REPORT  -  FRIDAY.  S F £  P R O J E C T  3 0 DEC 8 8  Superintendent: Please sign WORK  :  ENVIRONMENT  WORK  DOTO  Ueather Conditions : al (AM) : Clear [ 1 Cloudy [ 1 Rain t 1 Sno» t ] bl (PM) : Clear [ I Cloudy [ 1 Rain I ) Snon I 1 c) Temperature : High C Low C d) Precipitation : m m e) Rind r kph Site Conditions : fl Ground conditions : Poor t 1 Fair I 1 Good [ 1 g) Storage on site : Poor [ ] Fair [ 1 Good 1 1 hi Access to site : Poor [ ] Fair [ I Good t ] Consents :  IG  GENEROL  PCT  OTHER  il Inspections : and Tests  CODE  CONTRACTOR  I 625ISU FORM I POUR PLANTERS/HALLS REINFORCINB  I 0g  ROOFING  -  I 10  PRECAST  CONCRETE  cubic Metres  Site Instructions :  INSTALL PRECAST PANELS  I 11 WINDOWS  AND  I 12 DRYWALL  -  Trade  I I Contents  I 5  OTHER  I PROBLEM RESULTS I TINE LOST I ACTION IH-HRS I DAYS I CODE  REMARKS RE INSPECTIONS, DELIVERIES AND PROBLEMS COMPANY L T D  REINFORCING  I  I PRECASTERS  DOORS  I  I  -  CLEOR—SIGHT INC.  I  DRYWALL  I  <P L U M B I N G , V E N T I L O T I O N )  I II  PROBLEMS  LIGHTNING  13  I  -  I  SMITH  S JONES  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  I  ELECTRICAL INC.  I  I  ACTIVITIES  I  I  -4  I Supervision I • I Skill I (n) I (ol  NO  I ACTIVITY I I STATUS CODESI  UEATHER  I F = Finished I (101 Temperature I I = Idle I (HI Precipitation I 0 = On-going I (121 Umd I P = Postponed I S = Started I  l"  +..  I  Tradesmen Suff I Skill Iq) I (r)  r  I  I MECHANICOL  DOTO  I G GENERAL CDVTRAC l_ I 04 REINFORCING STE I I 19 ROOFING f I 10 PRECAST COCRET f I II UTNDOUS AND EXT f I 18 DRYUPLL f I 15 MECHANICAL (PLU f I 16 aECTPICAL  17  I 1502W ROUGH-IN VENTILATION SYSTEM  I* *  I  I  EXTERIOR  IB  ELECTRICAL  ORT'S  CONFORCE  RELIOBLE  I 168201 ELECTRICAL BUSH-IN  Cements :  -  I MN  I 158100 ROUGH-IN SPRINKLER SYSTEM  I 16  YOUR CONSTRUCTION I I  I RF  I I S MECHANICAL  II Deliveries : Concrete  -  ISM  AND  I PROBLEM I RESP I I CODES IPC-Rtl I I (SEE CODES BELOW) I  WATER—TITE INC.  I 128100 INSTALL STEEL STUDDING  k) Accidents  IRC I  STEEL  I 0426SW RE1MF0ICE PLANTEHS/«US  I 11010* INSTALL UNTOUS I DOORS  j) Visitors  FORCE  I SW  104  I 1WIM  PROGRESS  I LOCATION I STATUS I (F,I,0,P,S)  TRADE / ACTIVITY  I 6921RF INSTALL ROOFING  UORK  Reoort Date : 1989-M-ll file Used : C:\VEAS)0NiVF'TOJ»3\SA"ClE Progress As Of : I96M6-38 Revision Number : 0  +—.—i  Figure  SITE CONDITIONS  GWER  PROBLEM CODES (PCI CONSULTANTS GC/SUBTRADES  (28) Ground (30) Decisions (40) Drawings 121) Storage (31) Changes (41) Decisions (22) Access 1421 Changes (431 Inspections (44) Tests (45) Error  SUPPLIERS  160) Deliveries (50) Manpower (511 Norkmanship 1611 Duality 1621 Amount (521 Materials (531 Management (54) Tools/Equipment (55) Error  I  I  I  I  UTILITIES/CITY I 171) 171) (72) (73)  Permits Connections Inspections Tests  I  I  I I I I I I  ACTION CODES  111 Telephone (21 letter (3) Memo (41 Packctiarge (5) E«tra Uork Order  5.1 - S a m p l e D a i l y S i t e R e p o r t f o r t h e S e c o n d Phase o f Manual Data C o l l e c t i o n  146 superintendent manual  data  even  a  said  a  night  be  in his  computer t e c h n o l o g y , overwhelming t o illiterate)  the  the  very  i s given  courses), site  second  positive  daily  would  office.  because  he  of the  reporting  training  (he  willing  to  be  He  about  site  sufficient  he  phase  added  often  that  forgets  help the  keys.  these  favourable  t o n o t e t h a t Mr.  i s already  in  computerized  in his  of  jobs also  available  light  interesting  X i s i n h i s mid  early sixties. i f introduced older  comments,  This  fifties  simply  gradually,  generation  (and  i t  is  and  Mr.  shows  i s not  possibly  that  always  computer  superintendents.  FEEDBACK ON OUTPUTS FROM PROJECT MANAGEMENT  5.4.1  FEEDBACK FROM COLLECTION As  phase by  was  functions of the  In  5.4  the  t h a t i f he  computer  should  built-in  of  using  suggested  menus  Z  of  He  operate  one  collection,  possibility system.  on  mentioned  of  manual  THE  in section  data  FIRST  5.3,  collection  the have  t h e p r o j e c t management o f J . C.  From realized  the that  precipitation the  PHASE  project received  results already  Scott  profile, an  OF  MANUAL  DATA  of  first  the  been  reviewed  Construction.  the  project  unusually  high  manager amount  147 of  rain  for  proceeded  that  with  time  of  acquiring  the  year.  actual  weather  weather bureau f o r time extension  In ground  addition, conditions  conditions of  the  the  output  was  own  work  and  in  the  management  to  However,  result,  reports from the  noticed  up  one  be  the  ground  shortcoming  qualitative to  future.  to  In for  avoid  fact, the  subjective show up  contractor  worse t h a n  this  the  actual  major  general  from  that  by  i s bound  they  owner.  crew  misrepresentation  labour  during  implementation  second of  by  could  to rate  conflicts the  at  indicated  superintendent's reluctance  order  meeting  a  indicated  Anywhere  thought  to the in  than  S i m i l a r l y , the  also  force  manager  inconsistency  profile.  p a r t l y due  claims  brought  system.  required,  level  worse  This  time or another.  skill  be  are  project  were  profile.  proposed  ratings one  the  As  on  his site  project  the  second  p h a s e o f manual d a t a c o l l e c t i o n ,  a p r o j e c t manager s a i d  that  superintendents  to  they  say.  One  project He  that  that  i f the  more  tendency  he  such  level,  did  two  of  robust  not  want  i s not  found.  and  back  what  actually told  to up  on  rate to  his  par,  his  foreman.  they  would  them.  method  information  quality  hold  superintendents  foreman  r e s p o n s e s must be  categorize skill  a  a  firm's  i t between t h e  Thus, rated  the  manager  added  settle  of  have  of  capturing  Namely,  items  (as  detailing  there  site of  subjectively is a  need  conditions,  drawings,  rate  to  crew of  148 production more  the  activity  quantitative  solution of  at  that  manual  problem  being  collection.  time  lost  sources  and  assessment.  i s currently  data  estimated  level,  and  at  of  Dr.  Russell  tested  i n the  By  lost  activity  work)  for  proposed second  soliciting  man-hours  the  quality  phase  entries  for  all  level,  a  for  possible  quantitative  c o n s e q u e n c e s o f p r o b l e m s t h a t were s u b j e c t i v e l y r a t e d  before  could  SOURCE  now  be  established  CODES i n F i g u r e could his  not  men  (time  5.1).  possibly  and  at  lost)  same t i m e  At  any  r e s p o n s e s s h o u l d be  this  collection, collected. sample  on  stage only  of  for  important  couple  let  a n a l y z e d by  management.  superintendent  skill  ratings  rates  of  other  problems  calibration  of  one  PHASE  of  in  weeks  for  production were  subjective  manual  data  have  been  data  be  to  prepared  keep He  superintendents out  DATA  manager i n s i s t e d  reporting.  filling  MANUAL  of  of  must  order  OF  phase  project  project  the  t h e y have been d i l i g e n t l y  i f no  second  of d a i l y s i t e to  PROBLEM  investigated.  the  each  slow  SECOND  superintendents  t h i s subject  very  a  THE  Nevertheless,  outputs  respective  have  rate,  further  FEEDBACK FROM COLLECTION At  (refer to  c o n s i s t e n t l y good  for their activities  encountered.  5.4.2  well  Then, f o r example, t h e  give  the  as  them  for  i s being  the  motivated  said that know  that  i t is  that  looked at  what and  149 Since a refined a  possible  system  as  temporary the  Construction's  one  DSRS i s n o t solution used  computer  aforementioned data  for  yet  i s to this network  processing.  available  at t h i s  time,  set  similar  dBASE  up  thesis to  a on  J.  C.  Scott  perform  the  150  6.0  CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS  6.1  CONCLUSIONS  The all  f i v e t h e s i s o b j e c t i v e s o u t l i n e d i n s e c t i o n 1.1 h a v e  been f u l f i l l e d  i n the course o f t h i s  research:  1)  Important construction information that c a n be r e a s o n a b l y c o l l e c t e d o n a d a i l y b a s i s was i d e n t i f i e d and j u s t i f i e d f o r t h e p r o p o s e d d a i l y s i t e r e p o r t b y s t u d y i n g a number o f t h e p r e s e n t d a i l y s i t e r e p o r t s used i n t h e i n d u s t r y and w i t h i n p u t from t h e p r o j e c t managers and superintendents of J. C. Scott Construction;  2)  Two s e t s o f s h o r t a n d c o n c i s e d a i l y r e p o r t forms were d e s i g n e d f o r f i e l d t e s t i n g : a 3 - f o r m report ( s e e F i g u r e s 4 . 1 5 b i , 2.3, a n d 4 . 1 4 b i i ) a n d a 1-page r e p o r t (see F i g u r e 5 . 1 ) ;  3)  Two phases of manual data collection were implemented f o r t e s t i n g t h e d a i l y r e p o r t forms and gathering information f o r data analyses. In the f i r s t phase, I s o l i c i t e d d a i l y s i t e i n f o r m a t i o n from the superintendent a n d e n t e r e d t h e d a t a i n t o t h e 3form report. In the second phase, the superintendents filled out the 1-page report directly;  4)  Chapter 3.0 p r e s e n t s a framework f o r t h e Data C o l l e c t i o n System. S p e c i a l a t t e n t i o n was g i v e n t o ascertain t h e most efficient data organization scheme (a c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e two d a t a storage schemes shown i n Figure 3.1) and the most a p p r o p r i a t e method o f d a t a input ( D i r e c t Computer Input). A prototype i m p l e m e n t a t i o n was programmed on dBASE I I I PLUS t o e v a l u a t e some o f t h e p r o p o s e d features o f t h e system and t o f a c i l i t a t e data analyses. Once a c u s t o m i n t e r f a c e i s w r i t t e n , t h e DSRS c o u l d automatically update t h e computerized S c h e d u l i n g S y s t e m i f t h e two s h a r e t h e same a c t i v i t y  151 and 5)  However, was  responsibility  coding systems;  and  C h a p t e r 4.0 g i v e s an o v e r v i e w o f t h e D a t a R e p o r t i n g System. Sample o u t p u t s were g e n e r a t e d w i t h t h e d a t a collected from the first phase of manual data collection. B o t h t e x t and g r a p h i c a l o u t p u t s are utilized f o r s t r a i g h t data echoing and processed information. The outputs are presented i n three d i f f e r e n t f o r m a t s ; D a i l y , Time S e r i e s , and F r e q u e n c y of Occurrence. At t h i s time, a prototype Data R e p o r t i n g S y s t e m has n o t b e e n programmed. Most o f t h e o u t p u t s were o b t a i n e d f r o m dBASE I I I PLUS and Lotus 1-2-3 (where t h e data i n the latter were i m p o r t e d f r o m t h e f o r m e r v i a a b u i l t - i n dBASE I I I PLUS f u n c t i o n ) .  i n i t s present  form,  the  need  f o r few  improvements  revealed: 1) R e s p o n s e s could be better structured and standardized. For example, the Data Collection System should have built-in standard menus of weather descriptions, trades, delivery items, c o n s t r u c t i o n e q u i p m e n t , a c t i v i t i e s , i n s p e c t i o n s , and t e s t s to f a c i l i t a t e data entry. S i m i l a r l y , the Data Reporting System would benefit from menus of projects, trades, delivery items, construction e q u i p m e n t , a c t i v i t i e s , and p r o b l e m t y p e s ; 2)  S u b j e c t i v e p r o b l e m r a t i n g s s h o u l d be m o d i f i e d i n t o q u a n t i t a t i v e e n t r i e s a s much a s p o s s i b l e ; namely, site conditions (access, storage, and ground c o n d i t i o n s ) , t r a d e s k i l l l e v e l and manpower l e v e l , a v a i l a b i l i t y and q u a l i t y o f d r a w i n g s , and q u a l i t y o f work p e r f o r m e d . Otherwise, subjective responses should be calibrated for more consistent and a c c u r a t e r a t i n g s ; and  3)  Performance indicators must be established for s u b t r a d e s i n o r d e r t o p o s t u l a t e c o r r e l a t i o n s between t h e i r p e r f o r m a n c e s and job problems. Simplified v e r s i o n s (so t h a t t h e y c a n be i m p l e m e n t e d on a d a i l y b a s i s ) o f some o f F i g u r e 4.19's methods a v a i l a b l e f o r m e a s u r i n g q u a n t i t i e s m i g h t be s u i t a b l e .  E v e n t h o u g h t h e u l t i m a t e g o a l o f t h e DSRS i s t o do with  written  reports  and  work  directly  with  the  away  computer,  152 manual d a t a  collection  this  time because  site  computer.  of the  6.1  presents  not  included  the  daily  scope  be  the  next  project  part  short  of  thus  similar  to  analyze  manual data be  immediate the  that  r e p o r t s and  values  variance  establish (eg.  some  indices  for  signifying  substantial  size  of  be  on  the  should  Aside  indicators  spent  Secondly,  collected  echoing  control  6.2).  This  be  picked  were up  to  this  an  and  that  scheduler  database of  and  contractors  could  be  by  better  information  expert  system  for  this  research  FURTHER RESEARCH  collection.  to  could  activities  the  a  scheduling.  data  possible  study  breakdown  both  schedule  have  collection.  Figure  to  job.  task data  (see  enabling  i n s e r t e d i n t o the  in this  duration  the  RECOMMENDATIONS FOR  An  norm t o  at  a complete p i c t u r e  activity  valuable  high-rise construction  6.2  collected  as-built  be  report,  the  data  Firstly, as  industry  r u l e d out  p o s s i b l e methods o f d a t a  an  would  researchers.  could  Thus, F i g u r e  for  information  completely  an  generate  sequencing  be  yet  a d d i t i o n , the  to  not  i t i s not  DSRS u n d e r two  In used  should  the  new  follow  from  the  second  from  the  various  straight  a n a l y s i s outputs,  i t might  correlations to  act  as  critical  early  warning  problems)  database.  Efforts of  of  and  specific  identification  phase  is  more  given should  the first  performance  153  1)  Manual Data Collection (without a computer on site)  Computerized Data Collection (with a computer on site)  Figure  6.1  Office Tasks  Field Tasks  Method of Data Collection  Superintendent f i l e s dailysite report on paper (either the 3-form report of Figs. 4.15bi, 2.3, & 4 . 1 4 b i i OR the 1-page report in Fig. 5.1) .  1)  Superintendent enters daily site report information directly into the Computerized Data Collection System.  2)  The system automatically generates a hard copy of the daily site report for the superintendent to verify.  -  A  Complete  Picture  2)  F i e l d data is entered into the Computerized Data Collection System.  3)  Outputs are retrieved from the Computerized Data Reporting System.  3)  Outputs are retrieved from the Computerized Data Reporting System.  of  the  DSRS  154  Page No. 04/E1/B9 J . C. SCOTT CONSTRUCTION ACTIUITY BREAKDOWN AND SEQUENCING EOEO HIGHBURY Activity Start Date  FRDM OG/Ol/BB TD OB/1B/BB  Activity Code  Activity Description  G2E0FN 0322FN 0124FN 1B3100  F&P CORE FDDTING REINFORCE COLUMN FTGS/PILECAPS EXCAUATE CORE FDDTING TEMPORARY PDWER  03E3FN GSS5FN G30EPK 032BFN 0324FN G303PK  OS/IO/BB  GENERAL CONTRACTOR UNITED REINFORCING CAMPBELL CARTAGE NIGHTINGALE ELECTRICIAN UNITED REINFORCING GENERAL CONTRACTOR GENERAL CONTRACTOR UNITED REINFDRCING UNITED REINFDRCING GENERAL CONTRACTOR NORTHERN WEST ELEUAT0R5 CLAIRMONT PLUMBING  06/13/BB 0B/14/BB 06/14/BB OB/1B/BB 0B/17/BB 06/E1/BB OE/EE/BB  GENERAL CONTRACTOR GENERAL CONTRACTOR UNITED REINFORCING COUPAL CCRANE} NIGHTINGALE UNITED REINFORCING CDUPAL  GE30PK G30BFN 03E5PK EIEIOO  REINFORCE CRANE FTG/ANCH BOLTS F&P STRIP FODTINGS F&P EXT WALLS/COLS: PARKADE REINFORCE STRIP FOOTINGS REINFDRCE CORE FDDTING BACKFILL/GRADING INSTALL BDLTS FDR ELEUATDR MACHINERY IN CORE INSTALL PUMP SUMP IN ELEUATDR MACHINE RDDM F&P CORE WALLS INSTALL CATCH BASIN/PUMP SUMP REINFDRCE EXT WALLS/CDLS:PKDE ERECT TDWER CRANE CRANE PDWER REINFORCE CORE WALLS INSTALL WARNING WHISTLE ON CRANE CHECK CRANE CAPACITY WATERPRDDFING CDRE DRAIN TILE, U/G PLUMBING EXCAU. DRAIN TILES, U/G PLUMB. UNDERGRND SERU:STDRM/SWGE DRNS  06/01/BB OB/Ol/BB 06/01/BB OB/Ol/BB 06/0E/BB 0B/06/BB 0G/07/BB 05/07/BB 0B/07/BB OB/OB/BB 0G/10/BB  Trade  05/S7/BB 07/04/BB 07/07/BB 07/12/BB 07/13/BB  03S7PK  COUPAL THRORY WATERPROOFING GENERAL CDNTRACTDR GENERAL CONTRACTOR CLAIRMONT MECHNICAL LTD. 07/14/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR  19E1PK G303FN GSOSFN 15E1PK  07/E1/BB UNITED REINFORCING 07/E7/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR 07/E7/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR 07/SB/BB GENERAL CDNTRACTDR 07/E9/B8 UNITED REINFDRCING  G304PK  0B/03/BB UNITED REINFORCING OB/OB/BB GENERAL CONTRACTOR O B / l l / B B GENERAL CONTRACTOR  G305MN  O B / l l / B B NIGHTINGALE  Figure  6.2  - Activity  F&P SUSPENDED SLAB IN ELEUATDR PIT REINFORCE SUSPENDED SLAB IN ELEUATDR PIT F&P CORE WALLS + WING WALLS: PKDE INSTALL CROSSING GRATE SUMP F&P SLAB ON GRADE REINFDRCE CORE WALLS + WING WALLS: PKDE REINFDRCE SLAB DN GRADE F&P MAIN FLR. SLAB EXCAUATE SLAB THICKENING CDIUIDER BEAMS) ELECT. S.D.G. U/G  Breakdown and  Sequencing  155 indicators for  such  and  other  analyses.  least-squares appropriate  So  able  only But  personnel.  dBASE  III  because  should,  In as  not  Data C o l l e c t i o n  Future  as  the  construct  not a  sheet  into  the  cooperation  from  the  System  in  be  implementation  i n t e r f a c e d with means  computerized  form  and  the  could  the  System  research.  industry  Workers' be  a  updated.  Scheduling  agenda f o r f u t u r e  and  that  automatically  company  is  information  also  be  been  the ultimate goal  Collection  to  this  has  forms  such  Compensation  programmed  into  the  System.  research System  graphical  outputs.  should  that  analysis  a user  to  for t r i a l  having  the  report  Reporting  statistical  on  with on  Data  adequate  standard  time  accident  Moreover,  be  would  addition,  require  However,  t h e r e f o r e , be  such  collection  daily  prototype  System.  daily  would  rely  interfacing  the  Board's  This  schedule  Complete  data  input the  PLUS s h o u l d  Scheduling computer  manual  The  i t does  employed  as mentioned e a r l i e r ,  site.  field  be  techniques  models.  to directly  on  regression  could  correlation  far,  computer  Then  method  implemented. t o be  s i g n i f i c a n t v a r i a b l e s that are s u i t a b l e  is The  also able  to  system  capability  manual s h o u l d  include  be  a  prototype  produce should  for  both  have  correlation  prepared  to  a  text  Data and  built-in analyses.  accompany  the  156 complete prototype  As with via  the s i t e  DSRS f o r f i e l d  computer  touch  information report. drawings  be  becomes a n  industry  standard  t h e a d v e n t o f more s o p h i s t i c a t e d t e c h n o l o g y screen  terminals,  r e c o g n i t i o n h a r d w a r e , OCR  and  implementation.  may Such  scanners,  be p r a c t i c a l l y features  as  c o n t r o l , equipment  i n t e g r a t i o n with considered  video  t h e Cost  f o r t h e DSRS.  monitors,  e t c . ) more  collected  by  productivity  c o n t r o l , change Control  (data  and entry voice  comprehensive  the daily  site  measurements, order  S y s t e m may  control,  eventually  157 BIBLIOGRAPHY  [I]  A b b o t , G., S e m i n a r on " P r o j e c t V a n c o u v e r , B.C., Mar. 1988.  Control  Software",  [2]  Alexander, P., Errdman Handbook to the Errdmans P u b l i s h i n g Co., 1973, pp. 153-154.  [3]  B a r a n , N., "dBASE IV: A Paradox K i l l e r ? , Byte, M c G r a w - H i l l , I n c . , P e t e r b o r o u g h , NH., A p r . 1988, pp. 113-114.  [4]  Barrie, D.S. and Paulson, B.C., C o n s t r u c t i o n Management. M c G r a w - H i l l , New Y o r k , 1984.  [5]  Borcherding, J.D. and Garner, D.F., "Work Force M o t i v a t i o n and P r o d u c t i v i t y on L a r g e J o b s " , J o u r n a l o f t h e C o n s t r u c t i o n D i v i s i o n . ASCE, V o l . 107, No. C03, S e p t . 1981, pp. 443-453.  [6]  Brewster, C , D a i l y S i t e R e p o r t i n g S y s t e m ( S R S ), CE 520, The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , A p r . 1986.  [7]  Chang, L.M. and Borcherding, J.D., "Craftsman Questionnaire Sampling", Journal of Construction E n g i n e e r i n g , ASCE, V o l . 112, No. 4, Dec. 1986, pp. 543-556.  [8]  Chong, C.L. and Kung, H.S., Computerized Reporting System Using Symphony, CE 520, U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h Columbia, Apr. 1986.  [9]  Diekmann, J.E. and Nelson, M.C, "Construction Claims: Frequency and Severity", Journal of C o n s t r u c t i o n E n g i n e e r i n g and Management, ASCE, V o l . I l l , No. 1, Mar. 1985, pp. 74-81.  [10]  G u e v a r a , J.M., B o y e r , L.T., "Communication Problems Within Construction", Journal of Construction D i v i s i o n . ASCE, V o l . 107, No. C04, Dec. 1981, pp. 551-557.  [II]  Guiltinan, J.P., "Contractor Motivations, Constraints and Decision Making Patterns: I m p l i c a t i o n s f o r P r o j e c t Management", A Decade o f Project Management: Selected Readings from the P r o j e c t Management Q u a r t e r l y 1970 t h r o u g h 1980, PMI P u b l i c a t i o n s , D r e x e l H i l l , PA., 1981, pp. 324-329.  [12]  Hawkes,  Bible,  1 1  R.,  Daily  Site  Reports.  Professional I n c . , 2nd ed.,  CE  520,  Site The  The  158 University  of British  C o l u m b i a , A p r . 1988.  [13]  H o f f m a n , T . F . , D a i l y S i t e R e p o r t i n g S y s t e m . CE 520, The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , A p r . 1986.  [14]  Hohns, H.M., " E f f e c t s o f Management on P r o d u c t i v i t y i n C o n s t r u c t i o n " , A Decade o f P r o j e c t Management: Selected Readings from the Project Management Quarterly 1970 t h r o u g h 1980. PMI P u b l i c a t i o n s , D r e x e l H i l l , PA., 1981, pp. 356-357.  [15]  J a a f a r i , A. a n d M a t e f f y , V.K., "Games P e o p l e Play with Cost Control i n Australia", Journal of C o n s t r u c t i o n E n g i n e e r i n g . ASCE, V o l . 112, No. 4, Dec. 1986, p p . 566-581.  [16]  J a e g g l e , B., S u p e r i n t e n d e n t / P r o j e c t Manager, J . C. Scott Construction L t d . , Interview with Author, V a n c o u v e r , B.C., J u n e 17, 1988.  [17]  J o h n s o n , E . a n d N e n n i n g e r , F. , S p e c i f i c a t i o n f o r a Computerized Contract Administration Information S y s t e m . CE 520, The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , A p r . 1984.  [18]  Kallros, M. and Fagerstrom, G., Design of a Computerized Daily Site Reporting and A n a l y s i s S y s t e m . CE 520, The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , A p r . 1986.  [19]  K l e i n , G., S u p e r i n t e n d e n t , J . C. S c o t t C o n s t r u c t i o n Ltd., I n t e r v i e w w i t h A u t h o r , V a n c o u v e r , B.C., J u n e 1, 1988.  [20]  Kraiem, Z.M. a n d Diekmann, J.E., "Representing C o n s t r u c t i o n C o n t r a c t L e g a l Knowledge", J o u r n a l o f C o m p u t i n g i n C i v i l E n g i n e e r i n g . ASCE, V o l . 2, No. 2, A p r . 1988, p p . 202-211.  [21]  Leblond, G.T. a n d Cobb, C o r p . , I n d i a n a p o l i s , 1983.  [22]  L e s t e r , J . L . , " P r o j e c t D o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d Management Using Jobsite Microcomputers", ASCE National C o n v e n t i o n P r o c e e d i n g s . ASCE, O c t . 1984, p p . 1-7.  [23]  L o u i e , D.T., R e s e a r c h E n g i n e e r , C i t y o f Vancouver E n g i n e e r i n g , I n t e r v i e w w i t h A u t h o r , V a n c o u v e r , B.C., J u l y 8, 1988.  [24]  M a r r , L. a n d Wang, H., D a i l y S i t e R e p o r t i n g : A M i c r o Computer S y s t e m . CE 520, The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , A p r . 1986.  D.F.,  Using  1-2-3.  Que  159 [25]  Mason, R.O. and Mitroff, I.I., "A Program for Research on Management Information Systems", Management S c i e n c e . V o l . 19, No. 5, J a n . 1973, pp. 475-487.  [26]  McGowan, N., L e c t u r e r o f CE 523: P r o j e c t Management f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n , L e c t u r e on "Management I n f o r m a t i o n S y s t e m s " , The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , Nov. 9, 1987.  [27]  Means, R.S., " A d m i n i s t r a t i o n and S c h e d u l i n g : P r o j e c t A d m i n i s t r a t i o n " , Means Forms. R.S. Means Co., Inc., K i n g s t o n , MA., 1986.  [28]  Monk, R . J . , SIRT - " S i t e I n s p e c t i o n R e p o r t i n g T o o l " . CE 520, The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , Apr. 1988.  [29]  Neil, J.M., "A Cost E n g i n e e r i n g Approach t o Bid P r e p a r a t i o n " , P r o c e e d i n g s o f t h e ASCE C o n v e n t i o n & E x p o s i t i o n . A t l a n t a . Oct. 23-25 1979. ASCE, Oct. 1979, pp. 1-18.  [30]  Peer, G.A., "Software Fills the Bill", Heavy C o n s t r u c t i o n News. M a c l e a n H u n t e r L t d . , V o l . 33, No. 2, Feb. 1989, pp. 18-24.  [31]  P e e r , S., "An Improved S y s t e m a t i c A c t i v i t y S a m p l i n g T e c h n i q u e f o r Work S t u d y " , C o n s t r u c t i o n Management and E c o n o m i c s . No. 4, 1986, pp. 151-159.  [32]  " P r o j e c t Management at the Calgary 1988 Winter Olympics", Engineering Digest. Canadian Engineering P u b l i c a t i o n s L t d . , V o l . 34, No. 1, F e b . 1988, pp. 18-20.  [33]  R e v a y and A s s o c i a t e s L t d . , The C a u s e s and S e t t l e m e n t of Construction Contract Disputes: Claims — When and How. Revay and A s s o c i a t e s L t d . , O t t a w a , 1978.  [34]  Robinson, 1985.  [35]  Rogge, D.F., "Delay Reporting for Productivity Improvement", Proceedings of the First Northwest Regional Symposium. PMI West C o a s t B.C. Chapter, Mar. 1984, pp. C.5.1-C.5.25.  [36]  Rogge, D.F., "Delay R e p o r t i n g W i t h i n Cost Accounting System", J o u r n a l o f Construction Engineering and Management. ASCE, V o l . 110, No. 2, J u n e 1984, pp. 289-292.  [37]  Russell,  R. ,  A.D.  Micros  and  Go  Triassi,  Afield.  E.,  ASCE,  "General  New  York,  Contractor  160 P r o j e c t C o n t r o l P r a c t i c e s and Construction Division. ASCE, S e p t . 1982, pp. 419-437.  MIS", Vol.  Journal of the 108, No. C03,  [38]  Russell, A.D., Advanced Planning and Control Technologies for Housing Construction. The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , Mar. 1989, pp. 4.14.19.  [39]  S c h l i c k , H., " P r o j e c t I n t e g r a t e d Management S y s t e m (PRIM)", J o u r n a l o f t h e C o n s t r u c t i o n D i v i s i o n . ASCE, V o l . 107, No. C02, J u n e 1981, pp. 361-372.  [40]  S h a r a d , D., "About D e l a y s , O v e r r u n s and C o r r e c t i v e A c t i o n s " , A Decade o f P r o j e c t Management: S e l e c t e d R e a d i n g s f r o m t h e P r o j e c t Management Q u a r t e r l y 1970 t h r o u g h 1980. PMI P u b l i c a t i o n s , Drexel H i l l , PA., 1981, pp. 315-319.  [41]  T a s k Committee on A p p l i c a t i o n o f S m a l l C o m p u t e r s i n Construction of the Construction Division, " A p p l i c a t i o n of Small Computers i n Construction", J o u r n a l o f C o n s t r u c t i o n E n g i n e e r i n g and Management. ASCE, V o l . I l l , No. 3, S e p t . 1985, pp. 173-189.  [42]  Tenah, K.A., "Construction Personnel Role and Information Needs", Journal of Construction E n g i n e e r i n g and Management. ASCE, V o l . 112, No. 1, Mar. 1986, pp. 33-48.  [43]  Thomas, H.R. and Kramer, D.F., The Manual of Construction Productivity Measurement and Performance Evaluation. The Pennsylvania State U n i v e r s i t y , Dec. 1987.  [44]  Thomas, H.R., Sanders, S.R. and H o r n e r , R.M.W., P r o c e d u r e s M a n u a l f o r C o l l e c t i n g P r o d u c t i v i t y and Related Data of Labor-intensive Activities on C o m m e r c i a l C o n s t r u c t i o n P r o j e c t s . The Pennsylvania S t a t e U n i v e r s i t y and The U n i v e r s i t y o f Dundee, J a n . 1988.  [45]  T s e , R. and Yong J . , D a i l y S i t e R e p o r t i n g System. The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , Mar. 1988.  [46]  Tucker, R.L., Rogge, D.F., Hayes, W.R. and H e n d r i c k s o n , F.P., "Implementation o f Foreman-Delay Surveys", Journal of Construction D i v i s i o n . ASCE, V o l . 108, No. C04, Dec. 1982, pp. 577-591.  161 [47]  Wawruck, W., Guest Lecturer o f CE 523: P r o j e c t Management f o r Construction, Lecture on "Human F a c t o r s on P r o j e c t Management", The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , O c t . 19, 1987.  [48]  Wilson, R.L., "Prevention and Resolution of Construction Claims", Journal of Construction D i v i s i o n , ASCE, V o l . 108., No. C03, S e p t . 1982, pp. 390-405.  APPENDIX A  DAILY S I T E REPORTS PRESENTLY USED IN THE INDUSTRY  OB NO. Silt  DE AP IO LR YTCONSTRUCTION R PROJECT //i £ 6 WEATHER jyo"-«^T ARCHITECT CODE WORK CLASSIFICATION ~¥F NO.  HOURS WORKED AM TEMPERATURE DESCRIPTION OF WORK  ,  1  General Conditions Site Work : Demolition"' Excavation & Pewatenng. Footings _ Roads,Walks_& Landscaping Caissons & Piling Drainage & Utilities  3  -1  E0UIPHENT AND TOOLS ON PROJECTNUMBER DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION TOTAL HOURS  77~7~  EQUIPMENT RENTAL-ITEM  04000 Concrete: Fornwork 04 410 Placing_ 05000 06000 08~7u"0~~ 09616  09210  Reinforcing Precast Equipment Carpentry: ough Carpentry: R Finish Door3 & Windows Glass & Glazing Acoustical Ceilings Drywall Finishes: Electrical Lath.Plaster&Stucco Con veyingCovering Systems/Elevators Floor  j' SAND  -  REMARKS/RATE  QUANTITY QUANTITY TO DATE SUPPLIER  EXCAVATION CHANGE ORDERS.BACKCHARGES AND/OR EXTRA WORK  Metals: Structural  VERBAL DISCUSSIONS AND/OR INSTRUCTIONS/ UNUSUAL SITUATIONS  Miscellaneous & Ornamental  09490 Insulation 09610 Mechanical: Plumbing  HVAC  Block &Brick Tile & Stone, work Painting Wallpapering 09830 _Rqofing && Siding 09940 Tile & Terrazzo Waterproofing/Roofing: Furnishings Special Construction  'vs.-  <9  r  -  S  ^ s  ~  " 'r- , . *>ra,. w  •  — — i . .  -r* s f ' *•* '/ s"" " ' V > '•' - • •• jes *s &  •  c  VISITORS TO SITE I  C  JOB REQUIREMENTS / INFORMATION RECEIVED OR REQUIRED  (Tl  164  DATE irVrN  DAILY JOB LOG REPORT  2^/914-  JOB:  £ 3 -  JOB NO: LOCATION:  A/Ei  SUPT.t _ _ l i J J  t^eunf  WEATHER: VISITORS:  QtVxJ  * fcuc  Ka.\M>v t  » C*rAt..r>.  > LQc/VX- Q W SUB:  MAN POWER:  W t ^ L  >  SUB:  NO. OF MEN  NO. OF MEN  EPSON* EQUIPMENT:  g-reri^  £luP  MATERIAL  E^^t  •  f  Cy^  -  .A Jl  __a„_j^  (DELAYS-BY WHO)  VAIL-  t l  +  f ..^  O P P n ^ - ^ 5 r r ^ ~ ) S .rv ,  t U k t V e  ^7yu ^ NOTES: (PROBLEMS)  - ^ 6 T C r ^ o  &  (DIRECTIVES - BY WHO)  V*P M '  •W^VVv.  -  - « * - f t > * * w fcc  (ACCIDENTS) •  —7^  DAILY J O B DIARY & P R O G R E S S R E P O R T Project:  Swan_Hills_.Hpsjltal Project Number  Accidents  MO  • (See Below) DAY: Thursday.  Weather _S.^y^nd_Wa.jnB  High  Rein/Snow: Visitor*  M 0 07  06  2.5.  1 7  DO  YR  ^ Low _ 2 1  J£  Wind: : Bone  , 01 Good  Site Working Conditions:  _ . , D Unusual (See Below)  D Bad  Unusual Developments: (Problems, thort$gtt, de/ays. efcj Xhes e. develop-_. jnoilf*  amy  r » n t »  »  rtglay  in  your  work  «eht»dulp  -J.ncreaae^he-.c.Q&t-Q.f-^^  and  de ve l o p -  -pent, which occurred nay_not....8eem...unusualto.you, ask y o u r s e l f , would i t be unusual to an outsider. Work Area & Progress Today: Hote worV " H " * <e -»gi»nfciy i n r  progress.  but JL.  Dse-.a. .second  -page—If--you regulre-Tnnrp ..space-or.. a d d i t i o n a l ..pages.. -Jo .oot-allowthe....«pace. -provided. ..to .llnlt.. your report...  Understandings with owners, architects, engineers, inspectors, sub-contractors: _Agre.eBeiits_r.eacheil_ftM__^ _hAve-.a_fu_ux^_e£fec.t_j_-^ —of--work-performed. Other pertinent information:  j E a £ b ^ . a s e . j D J L x o . u r ~ ^ — W  u  t  "  <  "  1  "  f  "™A*r-+  h a s pn value  without your B i o n a t u r e . SupcnntinMnt  .' j  jOB_±  «r M  — DAILY-'  LOCATION Of . 1 tf*«A COMTMCT  - REATHIR C0MMTKM1 DnalW  W W  OFFICIAL ITAUT R A T I  _  oiioHti conn. R A T R . or M O M .  co.  R A T I _ _  W O R K BY G E N E R A L  VINTORRJ  N«. CLAM.  ml  CONTRACTOR  Mscatu toMvt V O N O M i r v n  Mat  LAROR WIT. COOC N O .  POMMCNi NATtRIAI. 0* MCOtJUTIOM HIIMOi  •Cf.  1 1  m.  •  •CR.  1  ACCIDENT*  1  »  CM.  1  •ACKCMARCES  TROMCl N A C M M B CIIMBfRf WILL L»l DRILL t • U Q NQIIT DOM* TIUCR CRAMf  LIVtLI TRAMtrT IAMPI  t  »Att« riMPi riM TRACTOR  RW.I  W O R K BY S U B C O N T R A C T O R S Mcfcafac*  RETORT  T.  T»M Cmim P M M I ta !>•'• MASONRY  tf-41 net Mm  «?  HM.  T.tH OrnUt L««  «T  N.A.C*.  •»  RLfCT.  U-».  T»t«4 ( M M  UototloMj M D«J*« 9  «M  imci  *•  >CT.  1  •  ••  tO* ITATUtRtfORT * Cii|U»  mm  DttCRIPTRM  mm  CAADMC  «  mm  SfRCMTRWCT.  *  tITtRWRRAt.lt  »  •m  IMTtRIORVALLI  mm  « »  mm  •OOPMR CLAXmO  •R)  mm  MICH.  A  *M  mm  CLCCT.  %  *>«  mm  •M*  •**)  mm  • M R  •Ht  CM  •«  •  ••  *>•  RLOCR  ir* R L O C R  •i  •«  Of. W A L T 1 A »  f  •M  CM  «~ RLOCR  MOtUCVAT TKf  •<  •ARM, VACOMI  •*> ••  REPORT T.MI  I" R L O C R  N..  VIRRATOR»  COMPAI1SORI  «t  COMMON  ITf Mj  t 1  CONCRETE  ttroar  U > . | l | bt R«.tW  RtAlONI  MOUNT  U M M  IOUIPHIMT  1  •  T««af C  SFOif  I  CARMNTfRI. UMIIIIi OPtRATORb  ~.  NAMf  MOMtr  1  RMJ  ..  -  I TOTAL  %  *  mm mm  CM  167  APPENDIX B  THE INFORMATION RETRIEVAL SYSTEM (CITY OF VANCOUVER'S ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT)  ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS' MANUAL STREETS AND LANES CONDITION FIELD SURVEY The Streets and Lanes Condition Field Survey is made once a year by Engineering Technicians from the Materials Branch. Each Technician taking part in the survey is responsible for walking a l l streets and lanes in a particular area of the City, and recording the conditions they observe on an inventory update sheet. In this way data is updated annually on the condition of every roadway, curb, sidewalk, boulevard, shoulder, and lane on City right-of-way. The data collected is used by the Streets Division for two main purposes: 1.  To establish, estimate and p r i o r i t i z e next year's maintenance program.  2.  To promptly repair unsafe conditions.  street  An additional function of the data is to provide a historical record for legal claims against the City resulting from alleged street or lane hazards. 1.  General "Streets Inventory Field Update" sheets record the results of last year's survey in the top row of each set of boxes (printed by computer). These sheets are designed so that a l l items checked in the f i e l d for lanes and streets can be recorded on one sheet. Sheets are sorted into the east-west and north-south streets within each s u b - d i s t r i c t , and are numbered in sequence in the upper right-hand corner. Books, each containing one s u b - d i s t r i c t , are issued one at a time to each Technician. On completion of a book of these sheets i t is returned, signed i n , and another book is issued in order of priority. (Specific d i s t r i c t s must be completed before December so estimates can be made for next year's street maintenance program). Each "Streets Inventory Field Update" sheet may cover more than one "postal" hundred block segment of street. The extent of the information on any sheet is from intersection to intersection and considers address changes only by showing the hundred block range in the identification line at top of the sheet (example: 32-34 East Broadway). In addition to completing the "Streets Inventory Field Update" sheets, Technicians must record and hand out notices for shrubs, branches, hedges, and foliage which encroaches onto pedestrian pathways (see Figure 2-blank notice). Allowance should be made for a t a l l pedestrian (approximately 7 feet vertical clearance), and for branches that may sag when wet. Encroaching hedges should be trimmed at least 1' clear from the edge of sidewalks.  169  2.  Use of the "Streets Inventory Field Update" Sheet 2.A. Explanation of General  information.  1)  For each sheet the Technician's name and the date of the inspection must be printed in the spaces provided in the upper right corner.  2)  If a d i g i t appears after the "Coords" (co-ordinates) code in the box labelled "Side", i t determines which roadway of a divided street the card refers to. A "1" in this location indicates the north or west roadway. A "2" indicates the south or east roadway. A l l undivided streets should have a "0" in this box.  3)  The "Blk" (block), "Dir" (direction), "On Street" box indicates the location of the block by "postal" address. i t is a long block containing more than a single hundred block segment, the sheet will show the multiple hundred block notation as previously mentioned.  4)  The "At Street" box records the cross street at the north or west end of the block. This reduces the need for constantly referring to the house addresses as the technician rates each block.  5)  With the increase in the number of streets and lanes with Asphaltic Concrete (A.C.) Pavements, special care should be taken to assure that the "Surface Type" code is correct. This code is most significant in Streets maintenance budgetting (see Table 1, for a l i s t of the codes).  6)  The "Class" box indicates the functional c l a s s i f i c a t i o n of the road (e.g. a r t e r i a l , r e s i d e n t i a l , e t c . ) . If the code is in error, Technicians should note this in the "Comments" box.  7)  An asterisk (*) in any box indicates that the previous rate, type or defect was missing or incorrect and that the Technician should take special note to correct the error.  8)  Separate 'change' boxes are provided for changes just below the computer printed rates and defects. The new or revised information i s to be entered using red pencil into the boxes provided, without the old or incorrect information being crossed out. If repairs have been completed a defect is deleted by the use of a zero "0" in the appropriate box. It is very important that repaired defects are recorded this way. Any entire item to be deleted (e.g. lane) should have "delete" written through i t without changing any of the individual defects for that item.  If  170  9)  Special note should be made of errors or omissions occurring for items which do not have a 'change' box; simply write the correct information just below the area where the figures should appear. The changes in street type, width, class, co-ordinate, name, blocks, or d i s t r i c t will be coded (by others) in the office with an "Office Update" sheet.  10)  Roadway surface defects are grouped as "Asphalt Surface", "Concrete Surface", or "Both" (defects are found in both types of surface). Unless a street contains a mix of asphalt and concrete surfaces, entries should only be made under 2 of the 3 groups.  11)  There must be either a curb rate or a shoulder rate but not both. There is a possible exception where a divided roadway has a boulevard rate on a center island without curbs.  12)  There must always be a type 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 for sidewalks or boulevards. If the type is a 4 (concrete) there must be a sidewalk rate. For types 1, 2, and 3 there must be a boulevard rate. A boulevard rate may occur with a type 4 and 6 sidewalk.  2.B. Explanation of Defects and Ratings 2.B.-1 Location When recording defect classes, defect extents, and ratings, be sure that you are using the correct update sheet for that location: Intersections Intersection information is to be recorded only on the update sheet for the block of street to the west. In cases where there is no street west of an intersection, the intersection is included with the block to the north, (see Figure 1). Lanes If the sheet is for a street which has an east-west co-ordinate, the lane to the south which is running the same direction as the street is to be rated on that sheet. A north-south lane must be rated on the sheet for the north-south street to the west. Two sets of boxes are provided for recording lane information on the update sheet. The f i r s t lane south or east of the road is lane No. 1, and should be recorded in the upper set of boxes. The second lane south or east is lane No. 2, and should be recorded in the lower set of boxes. See Figure 1 for an example of lane locations.  STREETS INVENTORY FIELD UPDATE  Eng 1020 MLHC88  COORDS S D IE  BLK D R I ON STREET  •  RAT N IGS 0-3 0-9  0-3  AT STREET  - ™  D S IT  PAGE  DATE  01 02 03 04 05 05 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 EXTENT: BLVDS. SHOULDERS  33 34 35 36 37 38 39  40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 4 8 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61  0-3 LO T O IN CC OA DE I  s-s  S-L U-5  0-3 0-3  L-L  B•  01  27  02  26  03  29  04  30  03  31  06  32  07  33  08  34  09  33  10  36  It  37  12  38  13  sa  14  40  13 16  41  42  17  43  16  44  19  43  20  46  21  «7  22  48  23  49  24  30  23  26  • PLAN  • • "° 31  32  S-OC Ot-S L- Ot OE-L DC-OC  H  172  APPENDIX C  dBASE SOURCE CODE FOR THE PROTOTYPE DATA COLLECTION SYSTEM  <  173  * *  Mainin.prg  -  main data Reporting  * S e t u p new w o r k i n g CLEAR A L L SET TALK OFF SET BELL OFF  input program System (DSRS)  for  the  Daily  Construction  Site  environment  * Input Basic Daily Job Information SELECT 1 USE d s r _ h e a d INDEX hdrprjno,hdrdate SELECT 2 USE p r o j n a m e INDEX prjnamno SELECT 1 SET RELATION TO p r o j e c t _ n o INTO projname CLEAR S E T FORMAT TO h e a d APPEND BLANK GO T O P EDIT NEXT 1 SKIP -1 * D e c l a r e PROJECT_NO and DATE PUBLIC name, num, dat STORE p r o j n a m e - > p r o j e c t n a m TO STORE p r o j e c t _ n o TO num STORE d a t e TO dat  as  global  variables  name  * Input Site Conditions SELECT 3 USE s i t e c o n d INDEX sitprjno,sitdate S E T FORMAT TO site CLEAR APPEND BLANK REPLACE p r o j e c t _ n o WITH num REPLACE d a t e WITH d a t EDIT NEXT 1 * Input Unusual Developments CLEAR @ 7,10 SAY "UNUSUAL D E V E L O P M E N T S : " @ 9,18 SAY " . S t r i k e s / J o b A c t i o n s " @ 10,18 SAY " . P o t e n t i a l Problems" § 11,18 SAY Overall Job Delays" § 12,18 SAY " . Disputes" @ 13,18 SAY " . Others" @ 16,10 SAY " " ACCEPT " Were any o f t h e above e n c o u n t e r e d t o d a y [ Y / N ] ? [Y]: " TO m o r e IF LEN(more) = 0 more = "Y" ENDIF IF ( m o r e = "Y") .OR. (more = "y") DO s u b i n l W I T H " S T R I K E S / J O B ACTIONS","unusual","3","unsl","uslprjno","usldate  it DO DO DO DO usldat ENDIF  su su su su e"  b b b b  i i i i  n n n n  l l l l  WITH WITH WITH WITH  * S e t up i n f i n i t e SELECT 1 USE SELECT 2 USE  "POTENTIAL P R O B L E M S " , " u n u s u a l " , " 3 " , " u n s l " , " u s l p r j n o " , " u s l d a t e " "OVERALL JOB D E L A Y S " , " u n u s u a l " , " 3 " , " u n s l " , " u s l p r j n o " , " u s l d a t e " "DISPUTES","unusual","3","unsl","uslprjno","usldate" "OTHER UNUSUAL D E V E L O P M E N T S " , " u n u s u a l " , " 3 " , " u n s l " , " u s l p r j n o " , "  loop  -  DO W H I L E  .T.  means  Do  while  forever  SELECT 3 USE DO W H I L E .T. CLEAR @ 7,10 S A Y " U P D A T E WORK F O R C E I N F O R M A T I O N & A C T I V I T Y § 10,18 SAY "1) Begin Updating" § 12,18 SAY "2) Update an A d d i t i o n a l Trade" § 14,18 SAY "3) Finished Updating / Quit" * I n i t i a l i z e memory v a r i a b l e STORE " " TO c h o i c e l  INFORMATION  'choicel'  * D i s p l a y prompt f o r user input into § 17,10 SAY " P l e a s e make a c h o i c e : " READ  variable 'choicel' GET c h o i c e l PICTURE  * B a s e d on above i n p u t , execute proper CASE DO C A S E CASE c h o i c e l = "1" DO s u b i n 2 a CASE c h o i c e l = "2" DO subin2b CASE c h o i c e l = "3" * E X I T command c o n t i n u e s p r o g r a m o u t s i d e ENDDO EXIT OTHERWISE * OTHERWISE means none o f t h e CASE s t a t e m e n t s were @ 14,0 CLEAR § 17,23 SAY " S o r r y — Invalid Entry." WAIT S P A C E ( 2 2 ) + " H i t any key to t r y again." ENDCASE ENDDO USE SELECT USE SELECT USE SELECT USE RETURN  1 2 3  "9"  true  * S u b i n l . p r g - s u b r o u t i n e f o r t h e i n p u t o f Unusual  Developments  PARAMETERS p h r a s e , f i l e , workspace, f r m t f i l e , p r j n d x , datndx CLEAR ACCEPT 'Any Sphrase [Y/N]? [ Y ] : ' TO morel IF LEN(morel) = 0 morel = 'Y' ENDIF SELECT &workspace USE & f i l e INDEX &prjndx, fidatndx SET FORMAT TO & f r m t f i l e DO WHILE (morel = 'Y') .OR. (morel = 'y') APPEND BLANK REPLACE p r o j e c t _ n o WITH num REPLACE d a t e WITH d a t REPLACE t y p e WITH •Sphrase• EDIT NEXT 1 CLEAR ACCEPT 'Another r e c o r d [Y/N]? [ Y ] : ' TO m o r e l IF LEN(morel) = 0 m o r e l = 'Y' ENDIF ENDDO RETURN  176  * I n f o w k f c . p r g - s u b r o u t i n e f o r u p d a t i n g Work F o r c e I n f o r m a t i o n SELECT 2 USE w k f c i n f o i n d e x wkfprjno,wkfdate SET FORMAT TO wkfc CLEAR APPEND BLANK REPLACE p r o j e c t _ n o WITH num REPLACE d a t e WITH d a t REPLACE c r e w d s c r t n WITH crew EDIT NEXT 1 SKIP - 1 * Input D e l i v e r y I n f o r m a t i o n DO subin3 WITH " D e l i v e r i e s " , " d e l i v e r y " , " 2 " , " d e l i " , " d e l p r j n o " , " d e l d a t e " * Input Equipment Usage DO subin3 WITH "Equipment  Used","eqipment","2","eqip","eqpprjno","eqpdate"  * Input A c c i d e n t I n f o r m a t i o n DO subin3 WITH " A c c i d e n t s " , " a c c i d e n t " , " 2 " , " a c c i " , " a c c p r j n o " , " a c c d a t e " USE RETURN  177  *  Infoacty.prg  -  subroutine  CLEAR SELECT 1 S E T FORMAT TO acti APPEND BLANK REPLACE p r o j e c t n a m REPLACE p r o j e c t _ n o REPLACE d a t e WITH REPLACE c r e w d s c r t n REPLACE d e s c r p t i o n REPLACE c o d e WITH EDIT NEXT 1 SKIP -1 * Dec STORE STORE STORE  for  updating  Activity  Information  WITH name W I T H num dat WITH c r e w WITH d e s c r i b e actnum  l a r e PRODUCTION a s a memvar p r o d u c t i o n TO p r o d u c t RTRIM(descrption) TO d e s c r i b e c o d e TO a c t n u m  * Menu f o r R e a s o n s f o r U n s a t i s f a c t o r y R a t e o f Production IF UPPER(product) = "U" SELECT 2 DO W H I L E .T. CLEAR @ 1,5 SAY "REASONS FOR U N S A T I S F A C T O R Y R A T E OF P R O D U C T I O N : " @ 3,10 S A Y " 1) Rework Due t o D e s i g n Error" § 4,10 S A Y " 2) R e w o r k Due t o P r e f a b r i c a t i o n Error" § 5,10 S A Y " 3) Rework Due t o F i e l d E r r o r o r Damage" @ 6,10 S A Y " 4) Owner I n i t i a t e d Change O r d e r s / E x t r a Work" @ 7,10 S A Y " 5) Mandatory Change O r d e r s / E x t r a Work" @ 8,10 S A Y " 6) C o n t r a c t o r I n i t i a t e d Change O r d e r s / E x t r a Work" @ 9,10 S A Y " 7) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g for Materials: warehouse/vendor" @ 10,10 S A Y " 8) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g for Tools" @ 11,10 S A Y " 9) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g for Construction Equipment" § 12,10 SAY "10) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g for Information/Decisions" @ 13,10 SAY "11) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g for Other Crews" € 14,10 SAY "12) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g f o r F e l l o w Crew Members" @ 15,10 SAY "13) Equipment Breakdown" @ 16,10 SAY "14) U n e x p l a i n e d o r U n n e c e s s a r y Move" § 17,10 SAY "15) Late Inspection" @ 18,10 SAY "16) Strike/Job Action" § 19,10 SAY "17) Weather" @ 2 0,10 SAY "18) Others" § 21,10 SAY "19) No F u r t h e r R e a s o n s f o r U n s a t i s f a c t o r y R a t e o f Production" TO  STORE @ 23,22 READ DO  SAY  choice2  "Please  CASE CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4 CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4 CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4 CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4 CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4 CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4 CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4  make  = "1 WITH = "2 WITH = "3 WITH = "4 WITH = "5 WITH = "6 WITH = "7 WITH  a  choice:  GET  choice2  PICTURE  REWORK  DUE TO  DESIGN  REWORK  DUE TO  PREFABRICATION ERROR"  REWORK  DUE  FIELD  OWNER  INITIATED  MANDATORY CONTRACTOR DELAYS  TO  CHANGE  ERROR"  E R R O R OR  CHANGE  DAMAGE"  ORDERS/EXTRA  ORDERS/EXTRA  INITIATED  DUE TO  "99"  WAITING  CHANGE  WORK"  WORK"  ORDERS/EXTRA  FOR M A T E R I A L S :  WORK"  WAREHOUSE/VENDO  178 R" C A S E c h o i c e 2 = "8 DO s u b i n 4 WITH •DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR T O O L S " CASE c h o i c e 2 = "9 i DO s u b i n 4 WITH 'DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT' CASE c h o i c e 2 = "10 i DO s u b i n 4 WITH •DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR INFORMATION/DECISIONS" CASE c h o i c e 2 = "11 • DO s u b i n 4 WITH •DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR OTHER CREWS" CASE c h o i c e 2 = "12 i DO s u b i n 4 W I T H ' D E L A Y S D U E T O W A I T I N G F O R F E L L O W CREW M E M B E R S " CASE c h o i c e 2 = "13 i DO s u b i n 4 WITH 'EQUIPMENT BREAKDOWN" C A S E c h o i c e 2 = "14 DO s u b i n 4 W I T H ' U N E X P L A I N E D OR U N N E C E S S A R Y M O V E " CASE c h o i c e 2 = "15 i INSPECTION" DO s u b i n 4 WITH ' L A T E CASE c h o i c e 2 = "16 i DO s u b i n 4 WITH • S T R I K E / J O B A C T I O N " CASE c h o i c e 2 = "17 DO s u b i n 4 WITH WEATHER" CASE c h o i c e 2 = "18 DO s u b i n 4 WITH •OTHERS" CASE c h o i c e 2 = "19 EXIT OTHERWISE @ 21,0 CLEAR @ 2 2 , 2 3 SAY " S o r r y — Invalid Entry." WAIT S P A C E ( 2 2 ) + "Hit any key t o t r y again." ENDCASE ENDDO ENDIF * Input Inspections associated with activity DO s u b i n 5 W I T H "Inspections","inspects","2","inspect","ispprjno","ispdate" * Input Tests a s s o c i a t e d with a c t i v i t y DO s u b i n 5 W I T H "Tests","tests","2","test","tesprjno","tesdate" SELECT RETURN  1  179  * * *  Subin2a.prg  -  b e g i n s u p d a t i n g Work F o r c e I n f o r m a t i o n & A c t i v i t y Information. It a i d s t h e u s e r by r e c a l l i n g any a c t i v i t y t h a t was i n p r o g r e s s , i d l e , o r started on the l a s t working day.  CLEAR SELECT 1 USE a c t y i n f o INDEX actprjno,actdate STORE d a t - 1 T O y e s t e r d a y L O C A T E FOR ( p r o j e c t _ n o = num) . A N D . ( d a t e = y e s t e r d a y ) . A N D . ( s t a t u s <> " F D " ) . A ND. ( s t a t u s <> " S F " ) IF EOF() DO W H I L E E O F ( ) yesterday = yesterday - 1 L O C A T E F O R ( p r o j e c t _ n o = num) . A N D . ( d a t e = y e s t e r d a y ) . A N D . ( s t a t u s <> " F D") . A N D . ( s t a t u s <> " S F " ) E N D DO ENDIF  DO subin2al SELECT USE SELECT USE RETURN  1 2  180 * S u b i n 2 a l . p r g - t h e s u b r o u t i n e t h a t does t h e a c t u a l u p d a t i n g o f Work F o r c e * Information & A c t i v i t y Information f o r Subin2a.prg * D e c l a r e t h e f o l l o w i n g memvars as g l o b a l PUBLIC crew, d e s c r i b e , actnum, l a s t f i n d  variables  DO WHILE .NOT. EOF() CLEAR STORE RTRIM(crewdscrtn) TO crew ACCEPT "Any work performed by Screw [Y/N]? [Y] : " TO more2al IF (LEN(more2al) = 0) .OR. (UPPER(more2al) = "Y") * Update Work F o r c e DO i n f o w k f c  Information  * Update A c t i v i t y I n f o r m a t i o n CLEAR more2a2 "Y" DO WHILE UPPER(more2a2) = "Y" SELECT 1 STORE RECNO() TO l a s t f i n d STORE d e s c r p t i o n TO d e s c r i b e STORE code TO actnum DO i n f o a c t y GOTO l a s t f i n d CONTINUE IF RTRIM(crewdscrtn) = crew more2a2 = "Y" ELSE DO WHILE UPPER(more2a2) = "Y" CLEAR ACCEPT "Another a c t i v i t y f o r t h i s t r a d e [Y/N]? [ Y ] : " TO more2a2 I F (LEN(more2a2) = 0) .OR. (UPPER(more2a2) = "Y") more2a2 = "Y" STORE "" TO d e s c r i b e STORE "" TO actnum DO i n f o a c t y ELSE more2a2 = "N" GOTO l a s t f i n d CONTINUE EXIT ENDIF ENDDO ENDIF ENDDO =  ELSE DO WHILE .T. STORE RECNO() TO l a s t f i n d STORE d e s c r p t i o n TO d e s c r i b e STORE code TO actnum APPEND BLANK REPLACE p r o j e c t _ n o WITH num REPLACE d a t e WITH d a t REPLACE c r e w d s c r t n WITH crew REPLACE d e s c r p t i o n WITH d e s c r i b e REPLACE code WITH actnum REPLACE S t a t u s WITH "ID" GOTO l a s t f i n d CONTINUE I F RTRIM(crewdscrtn) <> crew EXIT ENDIF ENDDO ENDIF ENDDO RETURN  181 * *  Subin2b.prg  -  u p d a t e s Work F o r c e I n f o r m a t i o n & A c t i v i t y I n f o r m a t i o n f o r any new t r a d e s o r a n y r e t u r n i n g t r a d e s s t a r t i n g new a c t i v i t i e s  * I n p u t Work F o r c e Information SELECT 2 USE w k f c i n f o index wkfprjno,wkfdate S E T FORMAT TO w k f c CLEAR APPEND BLANK R E P L A C E p r o j e c t _ n o W I T H num R E P L A C E d a t e WITH d a t EDIT NEXT 1 SKIP -1 * D e c l a r e CREWDSCRTN a s a STORE c r e w d s c r t n TO c r e w  global  variable  * Input Delivery Information DO s u b i n 3 W I T H "Deliveries","delivery","2","deli","delprjno","deldate" * Input Equipment Usage DO s u b i n 3 W I T H " E q u i p m e n t  Used","eqipment","2","eqip","eqpprjno","eqpdate"  * Input Accident Information DO s u b i n 3 W I T H " A c c i d e n t s " , " a c c i d e n t " , " 2 " , " a c c i " , " a c c p r j n o " , " a c c d a t e " * Input A c t i v i t y Information CLEAR more2 = " Y " DO W H I L E (more2 = "Y") .OR. (more2 = "y") SELECT 1 USE a c t y i n f o INDEX actprjno,actdate S E T FORMAT TO acti APPEND BLANK R E P L A C E p r o j e c t n a m WITH name R E P L A C E p r o j e c t _ n o W I T H num R E P L A C E d a t e WITH d a t R E P L A C E c r e w d s c r t n WITH c r e w EDIT NEXT 1 SKIP -1 * Dec STORE STORE STORE  l a r e PRODUCTION, D E S C R P T I O N & CODE p r o d u c t i o n TO p r o d u c t RTRIM(descrption) TO d e s c r i b e c o d e TO actnum  as  global  variables  * Menu f o r R e a s o n s f o r U n s a t i s f a c t o r y R a t e o f Production USE IF ( p r o d u c t = "U") .OR. (product = "u") DO W H I L E .T. CLEAR § 1,5 SAY "REASONS FOR U N S A T I S F A C T O R Y R A T E OF P R O D U C T I O N : " @ 3,10 S A Y " 1) R e w o r k D u e t o D e s i g n E r r o r " § 4,10 S A Y " 2) Rework Due t o P r e f a b r i c a t i o n Error" @ 5,10 S A Y " 3) R e w o r k D u e t o F i e l d E r r o r o r Damage" @ 6,10 S A Y " 4) Owner I n i t i a t e d Change O r d e r s / E x t r a Work" @ 7,10 S A Y " 5) M a n d a t o r y C h a n g e O r d e r s / E x t r a Work" @ 8,10 S A Y " 6) C o n t r a c t o r I n i t i a t e d Change O r d e r s / E x t r a Work" @ 9,10 S A Y " 7) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g for Materials: warehouse/vendor @ 10,10 S A Y " 8) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g for Tools" § 11,10 S A Y " 9) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g for C o n s t r u c t i o n Equipment" @ 12,10 SAY "10) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g for Information/Decisions" @ 13,10 SAY "11) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g f o r O t h e r C r e w s " § 14,10 SAY "12) D e l a y s Due t o W a i t i n g f o r F e l l o w Crew Members" @ 15,10 SAY "13) Equipment Breakdown" § 16,10 SAY "14) Unexplained or Unnecessary Move"  182  e 8 §  17,10 18,10 19,10 20,10 21,10  SAY "15) SAY "16) SAY "17) SAY "18) SAY "19)  Late Inspection" Strike/Job Action" Weather" Others" No F u r t h e r R e a s o n s  for  Unsatisfactory  Rate  of  Producti  on' STORE § 23,22 READ DO  "  TO  choice2  SAY " P l e a s e  CASE CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4 CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4 CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4 CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4 CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4 CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4 CASE c h o i c e 2 DO s u b i n 4  make  = "1 WITH = "2 WITH = "3 WITH = "4 WITH = "5 WITH = "6 WITH = "7 WITH  a  choice:  •REWORK t  REWORK •REWORK t  "  DUE TO D E S I G N  PICTURE  "99"  ERROR"  DUE TO P R E F A B R I C A T I O N  ERROR"  DUE TO F I E L D  DAMAGE"  •OWNER I N I T I A T E D  i  'MANDATORY  i  'CONTRACTOR • 'DELAYS  GET choice2  ERROR OR  C H A N G E O R D E R S / E X T R A WORK"  C H A N G E O R D E R S / E X T R A WORK" INITIATED  DUE T O WAITING  C H A N G E O R D E R S / E X T R A WORK" FOR M A T E R I A L S : WAREHOUSE/VE  NDOR"  "8 • CASE choice2 = DO s u b i n 4 WITH •DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR T O O L S " • CASE choice2 = " DO s u b i n 4 WITH •DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT" CASE choice2 = "10 i DO s u b i n 4 WITH ' D E L A Y S DUE T O WAITING FOR INFORMATION/DECISIONS" "11 i CASE choice2 = DO s u b i n 4 WITH •DELAYS DUE TO WAITING FOR OTHER CREWS" "12 i CASE choice2 = DO s u b i n 4 WITH • D E L A Y S D U E T O W A I T I N G F O R F E L L O W CREW M E M B E R S " "13 I CASE choice2 = DO s u b i n 4 WITH 'EQUIPMENT BREAKDOWN" "14 i CASE choice2 = DO s u b i n 4 W I T H ' U N E X P L A I N E D OR U N N E C E S S A R Y M O V E " CASE c h o i c e 2 = "15 • DO s u b i n 4 WITH ' L A T E INSPECTION" CASE c h o i c e 2 = "16 i DO s u b i n 4 WITH ' S T R I K E / J O B A C T I O N " CASE c h o i c e 2 = "17 • DO s u b i n 4 WITH •WEATHER" CASE c h o i c e 2 = "18 • DO s u b i n 4 WITH 'OTHERS" CASE c h o i c e 2 = "19 EXIT OTHERWISE § 21,0 CLEAR 8 2 2 , 2 3 SAY " S o r r y — Invalid Entry." WAIT S P A C E ( 2 2 ) + " H i t any key t o t r y again." ENDCASE ENDDO ENDIF 9  * Input Inspections associated with a c t i v i t y DO s u b i n 5 W I T H "Inspections","inspects","2","inspect","ispprjno","ispdate" * Input Tests associated with activity DO s u b i n 5 W I T H "Tests","tests","2","test","tesprjno","tesdate"  CLEAR ACCEPT "Another a c t i v i t y IF  LEN(more2) = m o r e 2 = "Y"  ENDIF ENDDO RETURN  0  f o r t h i s trade  [Y/N]?  [ Y ] : " TO m o r e 2  184  * *  Subin3.prg  -  subroutine for Information  the  input  of  Delivery,  PARAMETERS p h r a s e , f i l e , workspace, frmtfile, prjndx, CLEAR A C C E P T ' A n y £. p h r a s e [Y/N]? [Y] : ' T O m o r e 3 IF LEN(more3) = 0 more3 = ' V ENDIF SELECT Sworkspace USE & f i l e INDEX S p r j n d x , Sdatndx S E T FORMAT TO Sfrmtfile DO W H I L E ( m o r e 3 = ' Y ' ) .OR. (more3 = 'y') APPEND BLANK R E P L A C E p r o j e c t _ n o WITH num R E P L A C E d a t e WITH d a t REPLACE c r e w d s c r t n WITH c r e w EDIT NEXT 1 CLEAR ACCEPT 'Another record [Y/N]? [Y]: ' T O more3 IF LEN(more3) = 0 more3 = 'Y ENDIF ENDDO RETURN 1  Equipment  datndx  & Accident  185 * *  Subin4.prg  -  subroutine for Production  the  input  of  Reasons for  PARAMETERS p h r a s e CLEAR more4 = •Y' SELECT 2 USE a c t y d l a y INDEX adyprjno,adydate S E T FORMAT TO a c t d DO W H I L E ( m o r e 4 = ' Y ) .OR. (more4 = 'y') APPEND BLANK R E P L A C E p r o j e c t n a m WITH name R E P L A C E p r o j e c t _ n o WITH num R E P L A C E d a t e WITH d a t REPLACE t y p e WITH • S p h r a s e • REPLACE c r e w d s c r t n WITH c r e w R E P L A C E a c t i v i t y WITH d e s c r i b e REPLACE c o d e WITH a c t n u m EDIT NEXT 1 CLEAR ACCEPT 'Another problem of this type [Y/N]? IF LEN(more4) = 0 more4 = 'Y' ENDIF ENDDO USE RETURN  Unsatisfactory  1  [Y]:  '  TO  more4  Rate  of  186 * SubinS.prg - s u b r o u t i n e f o r t h e i n p u t o f I n s p e c t i o n s & T e s t s I n f o r m a t i o n f o r * an a c t i v i t y PARAMETERS p h r a s e , f i l e , workspace, f r m t f i l e , p r j n d x , datndx CLEAR ACCEPT 'Any Sphrase a s s o c i a t e d w i t h & d e s c r i b e [Y/N]? [ Y ] : • TO more5 IF LEN(more5) = 0 more5 = 'Y' ENDIF SELECT Sworkspace USE & f i l e INDEX &prjndx, Sdatndx SET FORMAT TO S f r m t f i l e DO WHILE (more5 = 'Y') .OR. (more5 = 'y') APPEND BLANK REPLACE p r o j e c t _ n o WITH num REPLACE d a t e WITH d a t REPLACE c r e w d s c r t n WITH crew REPLACE a c t y d s c r t n WITH d e s c r i b e REPLACE code WITH actnum EDIT NEXT 1 CLEAR ACCEPT 'Another r e c o r d [Y/N]? [ Y ] : ' T O more5 IF LEN(more5) = 0 more5 = 'Y' ENDIF ENDDO USE RETURN  

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/dsp.831.1-0062812/manifest

Comment

Related Items