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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Profile and problems of part time faculty in selected B.C. community colleges Naismith, Earl George 1978

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PROFILE AND PROBLEMS OF PART TIME FACULTY IN SELECTED B.C. COMMUNITY COLLEGES by EARL GEORGE NAISMITH B.Eng., M c G i l l U n i v e r s i t y , 1958 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS i n THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES (Dept. o f H i g h e r E d u c a t i o n ) We a c c e p t t h i s t h e s i s as c o n f o r m i n g t o t h e r e q u i r e d s t a n d a r d THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA March, 1978 (c) E a r l George N a i s m i t h , 1978 In presenting this thesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for an advanced degree at the University of Brit ish Columbia, I agree that the Library shall make it freely available for reference and study. I further agree that permission for extensive copying of this thesis for scholarly purposes may be granted by the Head of my Department or by his representatives. It is understood that copying or publication of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission. Department of H i g h e r Education. The University of Brit ish Columbia 2075 W e s b r o o k P l a c e V a n c o u v e r , C a n a d a V6T 1W5 Date M a r c h , 1978 i i ABSTRACT T h i s s t u d y a t t e m p t s t o d e t e r m i n e t h e P r o f i l e and Problems o f P a r t -t i m e F a c u l t y i n B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a Community C o l l e g e s , b a s e d on a s a m p l i n g f r o m s i x o f t h e f o u r t e e n c o l l e g e s i n t h e p r o v i n c e . These i n s t i t u t i o n s were B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a I n s t i t u t e o f T e c h n o l o g y , C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e , D ouglas C o l l e g e , E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e , F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e , and Vancouver Community C o l l e g e . Each o f t h e s i x i n s t i t u t i o n s r e p r e s e n t e d a u n i q u e c o m b i n a t i o n o f c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s s u c h as age o f the c o l l e g e , g e o g r a p h i c a l a r e a c o v e r e d , m u l t i - c a m p u s o r s i n g l e campus, melded o r unmelded ( i . e . amalgamation o f the c o l l e g e w i t h l o c a l p r o v i n c i a l v o c a t i o n a l i n s t i t u t e s ) , and h i s t o r i c a l usage of p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . D a t a f o r a t i m e a n a l y s i s were c o l l e c t e d f r o m c o l l e g e r e c o r d s w h i c h gave the d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p a r t -time f a c u l t y by s e m e s t e r and by c u r r i c u l u m a r e a f o r t h e l a s t t h r e e t o f i v e y e a r s . T h i s h e l p e d t o d e t e r m i n e t r e n d s i n the use o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . A q u e s t i o n n a i r e was used as t h e d a t a c o l l e c t i o n i n s t r u m e n t f o r e s t -a b l i s h i n g t h e p r o f i l e and p r o b l e m s . I t was s e n t t o e v e r y p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y member who had t a u g h t i n the s e l e c t e d c o l l e g e s f o r t h e p a s t two y e a r s . The r a t i o o f p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y i n t h e c o l l e g e s v a r i e d f r o m a p p r o x i m a t e l y 0.3:1 t o 1.8:1 w i t h an a v e r a g e r a t i o o f 0.7:1. The r a t i o s a r e h i g h e s t i n t h e v o c a t i o n a l t r a i n i n g a r e a ( a p p r o x i m a t e l y 2:1) f o l l o w e d by t h e u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r a r e a ( a p p r o x i m a t e l y 0.7:1) and t h e c a r e e r / t e c h n i c a l a r e a , ( a p p r o x i m a t e l y 0.6:1). There i s a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e r a t i o o f p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y members among the c o l l e g e s i n t h e s t u d y . F u r t h e r m o r e i n a l m o s t a l l o t h e r c a t e g o r i e s d i f f e r e n c e s were s i g n i f i c a n t . i i i T h i s c o u l d r e f l e c t t h e autonomy and v a r y i n g needs o f i n d i v i d u a l c o l l e g e s . Based on t h e d a t a g a t h e r e d i n the s t u d y t h e ' t y p i c a l ' p a r t - t i m e c o l l e g e f a c u l t y member i s male; l i v e s w i t h i n an h o u r ' s d r i v e o f t h e c o l l e g e ; works i n b u s i n e s s and commerce as a m a n a g e r i a l employee; makes about $24,000 a y e a r from a l l s o u r c e s ; o r makes about $15,000 a y e a r i f h i s p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e o f income was f r o m t e a c h i n g i n c o l l e g e s ; w o u l d a c c e p t an o f f e r o f f u l l - t i m e employment i n a c o l l e g e i f he were g i v e n s u i t a b l e c r e d i t f o r h i s work e x p e r i e n c e and academic c r e d e n t i a l s ; i s w i l l i n g t o t a k e an ap-p r e c i a b l e s a l a r y c u t t o t e a c h a t a community c o l l e g e t o s a t i s f y a c a r e e r c h o i c e ; i s n o t now a c t i v e l y l o o k i n g around f o r a new j o b ; t e a c h e s a t o n l y one s u b j e c t and t h a t one u s u a l l y r e p e a t e d w h i l e he i s a t t h e c o l l e g e ; t e a c h e s a f t e r 4 p.m., b u t w o u l d p r e f e r t o t e a c h b e f o r e 4 p.m.; has a t l e a s t 8 y e a r s o f work e x p e r i e n c e ; has a t l e a s t one t e a c h i n g c r e d e n t i a l and a M a s t e r ' s d e g r e e ; has t a u g h t c o u r s e s a t the s e c o n d a r y s c h o o l l e v e l and i n a d u l t e d u c a t i o n programs; t e a c h e s a n o n - l a b o r a t o r y - o r i e n t e d c o u r s e w i t h t e c h n i c i a n a s s i s t a n c e a v a i l a b l e b u t no m a r k i n g a s s i s t a n c e ; i s a p t t o be i n v i t e d t o c o l l e g e p r o f e s s i o n a l development programs, b u t does n o t a t t e n d ; i s n o t s u r e how much n o n - t e a c h i n g a c t i v i t i e s a r e e x p e c t e d o f him; i s a member o f t h e c o l l e g e ' s f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n b u t n o t a v o t i n g member u n l e s s he t e a c h e s a t l e a s t o n e - h a l f a l o a d ; i s p a i d p r o p o r t i o n a t e l y l e s s t h a n f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y ; i s n o t r e p r e s e n t e d i n t h e c o l l e g e f a c u l t y ' s b a r g a i n i n g u n i t ; u s u a l l y has a m a i l box; i s as l i k e l y as n o t t o have a desk t o work a t ; has h i s t e a c h i n g e v a l u a t e d ; and, f i n a l l y , can be r e l e a s e d w i t h o u t cause a t the end o f h i s c o n t r a c t o r employment p e r i o d . O f f i c i a l l y , t h e c o l l e g e s e x t e n d t h e same admin-i s t r a t i o n - s u p p o r t s e r v i c e s t o p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y as t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y e x c e p t t h a t t h e y u s u a l l y do n o t g r a n t t h e f o r m e r t h e p r i v i l e g e o f t a k i n g f r e e c r e d i t c o u r s e s . i v S a l a r i e s f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e l e s s t h a n f o r f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . C r e d i t i s seldom g i v e n f o r academic and t e a c h i n g c r e d e n t i a l s o r f o r work e x p e r i e n c e . Pay r a t e s a r e u s u a l l y b a s e d on t h e l o w e s t r a t e o f t h e f u l l -t ime f a c u l t y s c a l e . Among t h e c o l l e g e s , t h e r e i s a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r -ence i n t h e s e pay r a t e s . I n c r e m e n t s a r e n o t u s u a l l y g i v e n and when t h e y a r e they p l a t e a u a t a l e v e l b e l o w t h a t a t t a i n a b l e by f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . F a c u l t y agreements say v e r y l i t t l e about p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y beyond d e f i n i n g t h e i r c a t e g o r y as a t e a c h e r . G e n e r a l l y p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e n o t o f f i c i a l l y r e p r e s e n t e d by f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s . The r e c e n t l y e n a c t e d " B r i t i s h C o l umbia C o l l e g e s and P r o v i n c i a l I n s t i t u t e s A c t " may r e s o l v e t h i s r e s t r i c t i o n w i t h some fo r m o f p r o v i n c e - w i d e r e p r e s e n t a t i o n . There was no agreement among t h e c o l l e g e s on t h e c r i t e r i a - f o r t r a n s i t i o n f rom p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e s t a t u s . C o l l e g e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n s r e p o r t e d t h a t g e n e r a l l y p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y have t h e same r i g h t , i f n o t as r e a d y a c c e s s t o , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s u p p o r t s e r v i c e s . P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a t a l l c o l l e g e s , a r e u s u a l l y u n o r g a n i z e d . They do n o t have p o s i t i o n s on f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n e x e c u t i v e s and a r e n o t members o f b a r g a i n i n g c o m mittees. F a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s seem q u i t e a m b i v a l e n t about t h e i n t e r e s t s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . T h e r e i s an o b v i o u s community o f i n t e r e s t between f u l l - t i m e and p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y b u t t h e r e a r e e q u a l l y o b v i o u s problems i n g r a n t i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y more r e p r e s e n t a t i o n on f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s . P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e g e n e r a l l y d e f i n e d i n terms o f f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . C o l l e g e f a c u l t y agreements d e a l m a i n l y w i t h t h e i n t e r e s t s o f f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT i i LIS T OF TABLES v i i i L I ST OF FIGURES i x ACKNOWLEDGMENTS x CHAPTER I . THE PROBLEM 1 The Need f o r t h e Study . . 1 P u r p o s e o f t h e Study 4 The D e f i n i t i o n o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y 5 R e s t r i c t i o n s and L i m i t a t i o n s o f t h e Study 6 O v e r v i e w o f t h e T h e s i s 7 I I . REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE 8 R e s e a r c h S t u d i e s 8 N o r t h C a r o l i n a s t u d y 8 West V i r g i n i a s t u d y 11 B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a M a t e r i a l s 12 UBC S t a t u s of Women R e p o r t 12 C o l l e g e F a c u l t i e s F e d e r a t i o n o f B.C 13 Study by V a n c o u v e r Community C o l l e g e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 14 Department o f E d u c a t i o n P o s t - S e c o n d a r y S t a t i s t i c s . . 14 v y i CHAPTER Page Impact o f B i l l 82 15 Commentary and Hy p o t h e s e s 15 I I I . THE DESIGN OF THE STUDY 18 C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f t h e C o l l e g e s P a r t i c i p a t i n g i n the Study 18 Mode o f I n f o r m a t i o n C o l l e c t i o n . . . . . 20 Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A 20 Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B 21 Time A n a l y s i s 21 Managing t h e Study 22 A n a l y s i s o f Data 23 IV. RESULTS OF THE ANALYSIS 25 E x a m i n a t i o n and D i s c u s s i o n o f t h e Hypoth e s e s 27 H y p o t h e s i s 1 27 H y p o t h e s i s 2 27 H y p o t h e s i s 3 28 H y p o t h e s i s 4 . 29 H y p o t h e s i s 5 29 H y p o t h e s i s 6 29 H y p o t h e s i s 7 31 H y p o t h e s i s 8 31 H y p o t h e s i s 9 31 H y p o t h e s i s 10 32 H y p o t h e s i s 11 32 H y p o t h e s i s 12 32 H y p o t h e s i s 13 33 v i i Page CHAPTER H y p o t h e s i s 14 34 H y p o t h e s i s 15 35 H y p o t h e s i s 16 36 H y p o t h e s i s 17 37 H y p o t h e s i s 18 37 H y p o t h e s i s 19 39 H y p o t h e s i s 20 39 T h e ' P r o f i l e o f t h e P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y Member 39 P e r s o n a l C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s 40 Age 40 Sex 40 T r a v e l t i m e t o c o l l e g e 40 Incomes 40 Academic and P r o f e s s i o n a l Q u a l i f i c a t i o n s 41 T e a c h i n g c e r t i f i c a t i o n 42 Work E x p e r i e n c e 42 P r e s e n t a r e a o f work. . 42 Y e a r s o f work e x p e r i e n c e 43 P r e s e n t employment s t a t u s 43 T e a c h i n g E x p e r i e n c e 43 A r e a s o f t e a c h i n g 43 C u r r i c u l u m a r e a s i n w h i c h p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h . . 44 Y e a r s o f t e a c h i n g e x p e r i e n c e i n a l l a r e a s . . . . . . 45 Y e a r s o f t e a c h i n g i n community c o l l e g e s 45 Number o f i n s t i t u t i o n s f o r whom w o r k i n g 45 v i i i CHAPTER Page L o n g e s t t i m e i n one c o l l e g e 45 Number o f t i m e s r e p e a t i n g t h e same c o u r s e i n one c o l l e g e 46 T e a c h i n g h o u r s 46 L a b o r a t o r y r e l a t e d c o u r s e s 47 A v a i l a b i l i t y o f t e c h n i c i a n a s s i s t a n t s i n l a b o r a t o r y c o u r s e s 47 R e l e v a n c e o f work e x p e r i e n c e t o t e a c h i n g c o l l e g e s . . . 48 A v a i l a b i l i t y o f a s s i s t a n c e f o r m a r k i n g p a p e r s and l a b o r a t o r y r e p o r t s 48 I n s t i t u t i o n a l R e l a t i o n s 48 I n v i t e d t o a t t e n d p r o f e s s i o n a l development programs . . 48 Inf o r m e d o f c o n d i t i o n s o f employment 48 I n t e r v i e w e d f o r p a r t - t i m e t e a c h i n g 49 Membership i n t h e c o l l e g e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s . . . . 49 F o r m a l t e a c h i n g e v a l u a t i o n 50 R e c e i v e d o u t l i n e s o f t h e c o u r s e s t o be t a u g h t 50 O f f i c e d esks p r o v i d e d 50 M a i l boxes a s s i g n e d 50 M o t i v a t i o n s f o r T e a c h i n g 51 Time s p e n t p r e p a r i n g f o r c l a s s 51 Reasons f o r t e a c h i n g i n community c o l l e g e s 51 A c c e p t a n c e o f f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n s 52 Comparison o f h o u r l y pay r a t e s w i t h work o t h e r t h a n t e a c h -i n g a t c o l l e g e s 52 i x CHAPTER Page The A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y 53 C l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y 53 E x p e c t e d D u t i e s and Re m u n e r a t i o n o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y . • 53 A d m i n i s t r a t i v e S e r v i c e s A v a i l a b l e t o P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y . 54 H i r i n g P o l i c i e s f o r P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y 55 Time A n a l y s i s o f t h e D i s t r i b u t i o n o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y i n t h e Main C u r r i c u l u m A r e a s 55 V. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 57 C o n c l u s i o n s 1 . . 57 P r o f i l e o f t h e P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y Member i n S i x B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a Community C o l l e g e s 57 The p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y member and i n s t i t u t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s 60 Time a n a l y s i s on t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n m ajor c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s 62 Summary of t h e f i n d i n g s on t h e h y p o t h e s e s c o n c e r n i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n B.C. c o l l e g e s 62 Recommendations 64 I m p l i c a t i o n s f o r F u r t h e r R e s e a r c h 66 FOOTNOTES 68 BIBLIOGRAPHY 69 APPENDICES A. RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE ON TERM INSTRUCTORS AT VANCOUVER COMMUNITY COLLEGE 71 B. CRITERIA OF PAYING PART-TIME FACULTY AT THE COLLEGES IN THE STUDY 77 Page APPENDICES C. CRITERIA FOR TRANSITION FROM PART-TIME STATUS TO FULL-TIME STATUS AT THE COLLEGES IN THE STUDY 79 D. CATEGORIES OF PART-TIME FACULTY AT THE COLLEGES IN THE STUDY 81 E. CATEGORIES OF PART-TIME AND FULL-TIME TEACHING EMPLOYEES AT THE COLLEGES IN THE STUDY 84 F. SELECTED EXTRACT FROM B I L L 82 THE COLLEGES AND PROVINCIAL INSTITUTES ACT RELATING TO PART-TIME FACULTY 93 G. EXTRACTS FROM AUGUST 1977 EDUCATIONAL STATISTICS POST SECONDARY EDUCATION, B.C. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION . . . . 97 H. TIME ANALYSIS CHARTS 100 I . GRAPHS OF PART-TIME FACULTY AND FULL-TIME FACULTY . . . . 105 J . QUESTIONNAIRE B DATA FROM COLLEGE ADMINISTRATIONS . . . . 116 K. QUESTIONNAIRE A PART TIME FACULTY THEIR PROFILE AND PROBLEMS 120 L. SUMMARY OF.STATISTICAL PROCEDURES 137 x i L I S T OF TABLES T a b l e Page 1. C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f t h e S e l e c t e d C o l l e g e s 19 2. A n a l y s i s of Q u e s t i o n n a i r e R e t u r n s by C o l l e g e 26 3. R a n k i n g o f C a t e g o r i e s by Mean S c o r e i n Response t o t h e Q u e s t i o n 'Why do you t e a c h a t a community c o l l e g e ? ' . . . 28 4. D i s t r i b u t i o n o f P r e v i o u s T e a c h i n g E x p e r i e n c e o f P a r t -Time F a c u l t y 30 5. S a l a r y S c a l e s by C o l l e g e f o r P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y 34 6. A v e r a g e P a r t - T i m e / F u l l - T i m e R a t i o S p r i n g and F a l l Semester 1977 35 7. Change i n Number of P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y S p r i n g '76 t o F a l l '77 38 8. H i g h e s t E d u c a t i o n a l A t t a i n m e n t 41 9. Reasons f o r T e a c h i n g a t a Community C o l l e g e ( W i t h Mean Rank S c o r e s ) 51 10. P a r t - T i m e / F u l l - T i m e F a c u l t y R a t i o s From S p r i n g 1975 t o F a l l 1977 56 x i i LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page TIME ANALYSIS GRAPHS 1. Douglas College 106 2. Capilano College 107 3. Fraser V a l l e y College 108 4. Vancouver Community College (Langara) 109 5. WC-WI and King Edward 110 6. A l l Colleges I l l 7. Douglas College/Capilano College/BCIT 112 8. VCC-VVI, King Edward/VCC (Langara)/Fraser V a l l e y College. 113 9. A l l Colleges 114 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS When I f i r s t embarked on a p l a n t o s t u d y p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y , I knew i t s s u c c e s s w o u l d depend on t h e w i l l i n g n e s s o f t h e c o l l e g e s i n t h e s t u d y t o p a r t i c i p a t e . I t was w i t h a measure o f f a i t h , t h e r e f o r e , t h a t t h e i n s t i t u t i o n s were s e l e c t e d b e f o r e b e i n g a s k e d t o c o o p e r a t e i n t h e s t u d y . Each i n s t i t u t i o n , however, n o t o n l y e x p r e s s e d an i n t e r e s t i n the s t u d y b u t a l s o a r e a d i n e s s t o c o n t r i b u t e some o f i t s r e s o u r c e s t o h e l p c a r r y i t o u t . C o n s e q u e n t l y , I w o u l d l i k e t o e x p r e s s my s i n c e r e t h a n k s t o t h e P r i n c i p a l and F a c u l t y A s s o c i a t i o n P r e s i d e n t o f each o f t h e s e i n s t i t u t i o n s f o r making t h e t a s k n o t o n l y p o s s i b l e b u t a g r e a t d e a l e a s i e r . I am p a r t i c u l a r l y g r a t e f u l t o my own c o l l e g e f o r g r a n t i n g me an e d u c a t i o n a l l e a v e d u r i n g w h i c h t h e s t u d y was c a r r i e d o u t . Dr. Don P o r t e r , Dean o f I n s t r u c t i o n a t Douglas C o l l e g e , has n o t o n l y been k i n d enough t o s e r v e on my M.A. A d v i s o r y Committee b u t h a s , w i t h t h e P r i n c i p a l , Dr. George Wootton, and o t h e r o f my c o l l e a g u e s a t t h e C o l l e g e , p r o v i d e d me w i t h a d v i c e and i n f o r m a t i o n on how t o go about t h e t a s k . There was such a m o u n t a i n o f d a t a t o examine t h a t a computer a n a l y s i s was n e c e s s a r y . Tom O'Shea, a d o c t o r a l s t u d e n t and computer c o n s u l t a n t w i t h t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l umbia F a c u l t y o f E d u c a t i o n , put i n e n d l e s s h o u r s w o r k i n g out a program t o h a n d l e t h e d a t a t h e way I wanted. To him my u n d y i n g t h a n k s ! I w o u l d n o t have s t a r t e d on an M.A. program i f i t had n o t been f o r t h e i n t e r e s t g e n e r a t e d i n a d u l t and h i g h e r e d u c a t i o n c o u r s e s t h a t I t o o k a t UBC t o f a m i l i a r i z e m y s e l f w i t h t h e B r i t i s h C o l umbia community c o l l e g e s c e n e . I t d i d n o t t a k e l o n g f o r me x i i i xiv to see that one of the major challenges to the colleges was the way they would evolve organizationally and administratively in the years ahead. So I especially appreciated Dr. John Dennison's courses on Educational Institutions at UBC that opened up some of the v i t a l issues in this area. I also would like to thank him for focusing my attention on a topic we both agreed would be of increasing interest to B.C. community colleges—Part-Time Faculty, Their Profile and Problems. With much appreciation also to the Principal and Faculty Association President, respectively, of the following institutions: Gordon Thorn and Len Johnson, BCIT Paul Gallagher and Gary Kilgore, Capilano College Dr. George Wootton and Gordon Gilgan, Douglas College Dr. Lome Ball and Barry Brooks, East Kootenay College Dr. Larry Blake and Don Tunstall, Fraser Valley College Dr. Jock Denholm, Jake Mclnnis, Harry Pankratz, Dr. Bert Dartnell, Alf Glenesk, Barry B r i l l , and Joe Brady of Vancouver Community College. Last and most important, my thanks to Vi Ellingson for typing, proofreading, and advising on the organization of this thesis. CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y p l a y an i m p o r t a n t r o l e i n community c o l l e g e s b u t t h e i r c o n t r i b u t i o n may n o t be f u l l y a p p r e c i a t e d . F a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n agreements d e v o t e c o m p a r a t i v e l y l i t t l e s p a c e t o them and s u c h as t h e r e i s o f t e n r e f l e c t s l i t t l e , i f any, o r g a n i z e d i n p u t by p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . A s t u d y o f f a c u l t y agreements makes i t e v i d e n t t h a t a g r e a t v a r i a t i o n i n p o l i c i e s e x i s t s r e g a r d i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . Even though between 30% and 45% of a l l c l a s s s e c t i o n s a r e t a u g h t by p a r t - t i m e p e o p l e , most i n s t i t u t i o n a l c o n c e r n p o l i t i c a l l y seems t o be f o r f a c u l t y and s t a f f o r g a n i z a t i o n s and t h e m a i n t e n a n c e and o p e r a t i o n of t h e c o l l e g e p l a n t . P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y come fr o m v a r i e d b a ckgrounds and b r i n g a w e a l t h o f e x p e r i e n c e t o t h e i r i n s t i t u t i o n s . Most o f them t e a c h no more t h a n two days a week w h i c h r e s t r i c t s t h e i r p r o f e s s i o n a l a c t i v i t i e s a t t h e c o l l e g e . O f t e n t h e major c o n c e r n o f t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i s t h e l a c k of a d m i n i s t r a t i v e support." 1" They seem t o f a c e many i n s e c u r i t i e s and l a c k i n f o r m a t i o n , g u i d a n c e and l e a d e r s h i p i n t h e i r r e l a t i o n s h i p w i t h the c o l l e g e . W i t h o u t s u c h l e a d e r s h i p t h e q u a l i t y o f i n d i v i d u a l c o u r s e s i s j e o p a r d i z e d . ^ The Need f o r t h e Study L a t e l y , e d u c a t i o n a l b u d g e t s and t h e i r c o s t b e n e f i t s have begun t o be c l o s e l y s c r u t i n i z e d . T h i s has n e c e s s i t a t e d l i m i t a t i o n s on c a p i t a l c o s t s , b u i l d i n g c o n s t r u c t i o n , program f u n d i n g and s t u d e n t e n t r y t o 1 2 c o u r s e s and programs. The economics and e f f i c i e n c y o f p o s t - s e c o n d a r y i n s t i t u t i o n s a r e now coming under c l o s e r w a t c h by t h e M i n i s t r y o f E d u c a t i o n a c c o r d i n g t o t h e p r i n c i p a l s o f t h e c o l l e g e s i n t h i s s t u d y . A p e r i o d o f spontaneous growth has come t o an end and ahead l i e s a v i g o r o u s p e r i o d o f c o n s o l i d a t i o n o f f u n d s , r e s o u r c e s and manpower. F a c u l t y s a l a r i e s c o n s t i t u t e the l a r g e s t p a r t o f c o l l e g e b u d g e t s . Con-s e q u e n t l y , c o l l e g e s where p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y s a l a r i e s a r e p r o p o r t i o n a l l y l o w e r t h a n f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y may be i n c r e a s i n g l y tempted t o use more p a r t - t i m e s t a f f . S a l a r y , however, i s o n l y one f a c t o r i n t h e t o t a l edu-c a t i o n a l e x p e r i e n c e . I n s t i t u t i o n s v a r y i n t h e i r c u r r i c u l u m and community commitments so t h a t t h e s t r a t e g i e s t h e y adopt t o h a n d l e budget r e s t r a i n t s w i l l depend on t h e deg r e e o f d e c e n t r a l i z a t i o n o f t h e i n s t i t u t i o n , t h e n a t u r e o f t h e s t u d e n t p o p u l a t i o n , t h e c u r r i c u l u m emphasis r e q u i r e d by t h e community, t h e e x t e n t t o w h i c h e x i s t i n g i n s t i t u t i o n a l employment p o l i c i e s a p p l y t o p a r t - t i m e as w e l l as f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y , t h e • a v a i l a b i l i t y o f competent p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y , and t h e g e o g r a p h i c and s o c i o -economic l o c a t i o n o f t h e i n s t i t u t i o n . The use o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y may w e l l become o f i n c r e a s i n g i n t e r e s t . I n s t i t u t i o n s w i l l p r o b a b l y need a more comprehensive d a t a base t h a n t h e y appear p r e s e n t l y t o have on p a r t -t i m e f a c u l t y t o s e r v e as a b a s i s f o r s t a f f i n g p o l i c i e s , p e r s o n n e l d e v e l o p -ment programs, s a l a r y s t r u c t u r e s , c a p i t a l and o p e r a t i n g e x p e n s e s , and c u r r i c u l u m p l a n n i n g d e c i s i o n s . Most o f t h e c o l l e g e s i n v o l v e d i n t h e p r e s e n t s t u d y a d m i t t e d t h a t t h e i r f i l e s on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y were n o t s e t up so t h a t d a t a on them c o u l d e a s i l y be s e p a r a t e d , from t h a t o f f u l l -t i m e s t a f f . Much o f t h e l i t e r a t u r e on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n p o s t - s e c o n d a r y i n s t i t u t i o n s i s i n agreement on t h e assessment o f r e l a t i o n s between p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y , t h e t e a c h i n g p r o c e s s , and i n s t i t u t i o n s . I n 3 B r i t i s h C olumbia a more n u m e r i c a l l y d e t a i l e d s t u d y o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y may be u s e f u l a t t h e p r e s e n t t i m e . The a p p a r e n t need f o r t h e s t u d y was c o n f i r m e d by t h e r e a c t i o n s o f b o t h c o l l e g e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n and f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n p r e s i d e n t s . A l l t h e i n s t i t u t i o n s a p p roached were g e n e r a l l y i n t e r e s t e d i n t h e s t u d y . Most had v e r y l i t t l e o r g a n i z e d d a t a on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . They d i d have f i l e s on i n d i v i d u a l members b u t l i t t l e e l s e i n t h e way o f o r g a n i z e d d a t a systems w h i c h e x i s t e d f o r f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e t y p i f i e d t h e r e s p o n s e o f most of t h e c o l l e g e s t o t h i s p r o b l e m . The p r i n c i p a l s a i d he had r e a l i z e d e a r l i e r from s u p p l y i n g i n f o r m a t i o n t o t h e B.C. M i n i s t r y of E d u c a t i o n f o r a n n u a l r e p o r t s t h a t t h e d a t a on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y was v e r y i n a d e q u a t e l y d e t a i l e d . B ecause o f b o t h t h i s need and impending f a c u l t y n e g o t i a t i o n s , he i m m e d i a t e l y a r r a n g e d f o r t h e c o o r d i n a t i o n o f d a t a on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n h i s c o l l e g e . Each i n s t i t u t i o n i n v o l v e d i n t h e s t u d y r e a l i z e d t h e w o r t h o f t h e s t a t i s t i c s and c o n s e n t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e w i t h v a r y i n g d egrees o f e n t h u s i -asm due, u n d e r s t a n d a b l y , t o t h e e x t r a w o r k l o a d i t p l a c e d on p e r s o n n e l s t a f f . F u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e p r o b a b l y as s e n s i t i v e t o p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y p roblems as t h e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n s . Most f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n p r e s i d e n t s a d m i t t e d t h e y knew v e r y l i t t l e about t h e i r p a r t - t i m e c o l l e a g u e s and s t a t e d t o t h e a u t h o r t h e y were g o i n g t o have t o pay more a t t e n t i o n t o i n c r e a s i n g l y v o c a l demands f r o m them f o r a g r e a t e r say i n w o r k i n g c o n d i t i o n s . F o r example, t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y o f L a n g a r a campus o f Vancouver Community C o l l e g e had o r g a n i z e d t h e m s e l v e s f o r a m e e t i n g w i t h management on m a t t e r s d i r e c t l y c o n c e r n i n g t h e i r s t a t u s and c o m p a r a t i v e l a c k o f 4 s e c u r i t y . I n p r e p a r a t i o n t h e y g a t h e r e d d a t a d e s c r i b i n g t h e i r s i t u a t i o n a t t h e c o l l e g e ( s e e A p p e n d i x A ) . They a d d r e s s e d t h e m s e l v e s t o what t h e y f e l t were some l e g i t i m a t e g r i e v a n c e s s u c h as t h e e x i s t e n c e o f p a r t - t i m e p o s i t i o n s w h i c h exceeded t h e number a g r e e d upon as a t r a n s i t i o n p o i n t beyond w h i c h f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n s w o u l d be opened up. U n d e r s t a n d a b l y , th e VCC a d m i n i s t r a t i o n d i d n o t want t o a g g r a v a t e t h e s i t u a t i o n a t t h i s m e e t i n g by s u p p o r t i n g a s t u d y on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y w h i c h m i g h t r e m i n d th e l a t t e r o f t h e i r tenuous p o s i t i o n . M e a n w h i l e , t h e B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a government had i n t r o d u c e d B i l l 82 d e a l i n g w i t h t h e C o l l e g e s and P r o v i n c i a l I n s t i t u t e s A c t w h i c h has impor-t a n t i m p l i c a t i o n s f o r a l l f a c u l t y ( A p p e n d i x F ) . I t i s s t i l l u n c l e a r how t h e s e w i l l a f f e c t c o l l e g e o p e r a t i o n s as i n t e n s i v e d i s c u s s i o n s on t h e i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f t h e A c t c o n t i n u e . C o u p l e d w i t h t h e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f t h i s new l e g i s l a t i o n t h e i s s u e s c o n c e r n i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y c aused f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s i n g e n e r a l and C o l l e g e F a c u l t y F e d e r a t i o n o f f i c e r s i n p a r t i c u l a r t o l o o k a t t h e i r p a r t - t i m e a s s o c i a t e s i n a way n e v e r b e f o r e c o n t e m p l a t e d . From t h i s p o i n t o f v i e w most f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n p r e s i d e n t s were i n t e r e s t e d i n t h e p r o j e c t . P u r p o s e o f t h e Study A l t h o u g h r e c e n t s t u d i e s have been c o n d u c t e d by Dr. J o h n D e n n i s o n a t UBC on f u l l - t i m e (permanent) f a c u l t y i n B r i t i s h C o l umbia community c o l l e g e s as w e l l as on s t u d e n t s a t t e n d i n g t h e s e i n s t i t u t i o n s , t h e r e have been no comparable s t u d i e s on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . I n v i e w o f t h e c o n c e r n s d e s c r i b e d i t seemed a p p r o p r i a t e t o conduct a s t u d y on t h i s i n c r e a s i n g l y i m p o r t a n t segment o f c o l l e g e f a c u l t y . Thus t h e p u r p o s e s o f t h i s p r o j e c t a r e : 5 1. To o b t a i n adequate i n f o r m a t i o n on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y w i t h r e s p e c t t o p e r s o n a l d a t a , academic and p r o f e s s i o n a l q u a l i f i c a t i o n s , work e x p e r i e n c e , t e a c h i n g b a c k g r o u n d , and m o t i v a t i o n s f o r t e a c h i n g . 2. To o b t a i n from each c o l l e g e i n t h e s t u d y d e f i n i t i o n s and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y , d e t a i l s on d u t i e s , r e m u n e r a t i o n , and h i r i n g p r o c e s s e s , and a t i m e a n a l y s i s o f t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p a r t -t i m e f a c u l t y i n t h e ma j o r c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s as f a r b a c k as c o l l e g e r e c o r d s a l l o w e d . I n t h e absence o f such a d a t a b a s e i t w o u l d n o t be s u r p r i s i n g i f , i n B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , many f a l s e a s s u m p t i o n s c o u l d have been made about p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . The t h i r d p a r t o f t h i s s t u d y w i l l d e a l w i t h some o f t h e s e as h y p o t h e s e s . . These a r e d e s c r i b e d i n Chap t e r I I a f t e r t h e L i t e r a t u r e Review w h i c h g i v e s t h e r e a d e r an a p p r e c i a t i o n o f t h e b a c k -ground out o f w h i c h such a s s u m p t i o n s c o u l d have a r i s e n . The D e f i n i t i o n o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y The d e f i n i t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y was a pr o b l e m . Each i n s t i -t u t i o n ' s d e f i n i t i o n d i f f e r e d f r o m t h a t o f t h e o t h e r ' s ( A p p e n d i x E ) . Many p r o f e s s i o n a l employees such as c o u n s e l l o r s and l i b r a r i a n s do n o t t e a c h c l a s s e s . S h o u l d t h e y be i n c l u d e d ? How s h o u l d t h o s e who t e a c h n o n - c r e d i t - c o u r s e s i n t h e community .-education d i v i s i o n s o f t h e c o l l e g e s be t r e a t e d ? One o f t h e ma j o r d i s t i n c t i o n s between f a c u l t y who a r e f u l l - t i m e and t h o s e who a r e n o t i s t h a t t h e fo r m e r u s u a l l y cannot be d i s m i s s e d w i t h o u t cause. Among f a c u l t y who a r e n o t f u l l - t i m e i t was g e n e r a l l y f e l t t h a t t h o s e who t e a c h c r e d i t c o u r s e s had a g r e a t e r academic r e s p o n s i b i l i t y and a c c o u n t a b i l i t y t o t h e c o l l e g e t h a n t h o s e who t a u g h t n o n - c r e d i t c o u r s e s . 6 Agreement was reached that job s e c u r i t y and the c r e d i t nature of the course be the d i s t i n g u i s h i n g features i n the d e f i n i t i o n for part-time f a c u l t y used i n t h i s study. The following d e f i n i t i o n s were agreed upon. Part-time f a c u l t y member. A part-time f a c u l t y member i s one a. who teaches c r e d i t courses towards any formal c e r t i f i c a t e diploma or transfer program i n the college where c r e d i t means achievement by the student of defined curriculum standards, and b. whose services can be terminated without cause at the end of the contract or appointment period. Full - t i m e f a c u l t y member. A f u l l time f a c u l t y member i s one who s a t i s f i e s condition a. of the above d e f i n i t i o n f o r a part-time f a c u l t y member but whose services can be terminated only with cause and by due process which may be described i n the f a c u l t y agreement. Part-time to f u l l - t i m e r a t i o (PT:FT r a t i o ) . The PT:FT r a t i o i s the r a t i o of the number of part-time f a c u l t y members to the number of f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y members. Re s t r i c t i o n s and Limitations of the Study Community colleges d i f f e r greatly i n f a c u l t y make-up. In conduct-ing a study on part-time f a c u l t y i n colleges one might therefore a n t i c i p a t e the lack of a common p r o f i l e of f a c u l t y member. Only s i x of the fourteen colleges i n B.C. were involved i n the study and a l l but one are located i n the Lower Mainland. The findings can therefore be applied only with reservation to part-time college f a c u l t y throughout B r i t i s h Columbia. The questionnaire used as the data c o l l e c t i o n instrument had not previously been used elsewhere and hence could not be claimed to have ,.. known v a l i d i t y or r e l i a b i l i t y . Care was taken, however, to overcome t h i s l i m i t a t i o n . P r i o r to the study, i t was submitted to the p r i n c i p a l and 7 f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n p r e s i d e n t o f each c o l l e g e f o r t h e i r c r i t i c i s m , f o l l o w e d b y t r i a l r u n s i n a c l a s s a t t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a s t u d y i n g community c o l l e g e s and i n one o f t h e p a r t i c i p a t i n g c o l l e g e s i n v o l v i n g t h e i r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . Checks on t h e r e l i a b i l i t y o f t h e f i n d i n g s do n o t e x i s t . Only the B.C. M i n i s t r y o f E d u c a t i o n P o s t - S e c o n d a r y A n n u a l S t a t i s t i c s h a s any d a t a a t a l l on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y and t h e s e a r e s c a n t . T h i s l i m i t a t i o n c o u l d n o t be overcome and, i n d e e d , i t s v e r y e x i s t e n c e c o n s t i t u t e s a major j u s t i f i c a t i o n f o r t h e s t u d y . F i n a l l y , t h e f i n d i n g s a r e s u b j e c t t o any e r r o r s r e s u l t i n g f r o m the speed w i t h w h i c h c o l l e g e s drew t o g e t h e r some o f t h e i r d a t a , and t h e f a c t t h a t c o l l e g e s had d i f f e r e n t methods o f d a t a s t o r a g e and r e t r i e v a l . E v e r y a t t e m p t was made t o check t h e s e d a t a b u t t h e l i m i t a t i o n c a n n o t be i g n o r e d . O verview o f t h e T h e s i s T h i s c h a p t e r has shown t h e need f o r t h e s t u d y on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y and has s t a t e d t h e p r o b l e m as w e l l as d i s c u s s i n g d e f i n i t i o n s and l i m i t -a t i o n s . C h a p t e r I I p r e s e n t s a r e v i e w o f some o f t h e i m p o r t a n t l i t e r a t u r e on t h i s t o p i c . C h a p t e r I I I o u t l i n e s t h e d e s i g n o f t h e s t u d y , and d e s -c r i b e s t h e d a t a c o l l e c t i o n i n s t r u m e n t s u s e d , t h e l o g i s t i c s o f managing th e d a t a c o l l e c t i o n , t h e computer a n a l y s i s , and s t a t i s t i c a l t e c h n i q u e s . C h a p t e r IV t h e n a n a l y z e s and d i s c u s s e s t h e d a t a f o l l o w e d by C h a p t e r V i n w h i c h c o n c l u s i o n s a r e drawn, recommendations made and i m p l i c a t i o n s s t a t e d f o r f u t u r e r e s e a r c h . CHAPTER I I REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE T h i s c h a p t e r p r e s e n t s an o v e r v i e w o f p r e v i o u s and c u r r e n t work r e l a t e d t o t h e s t u d y o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n c o l l e g e s . From t h i s o v e r -v i e w were d e r i v e d t h e r e s e a r c h q u e s t i o n s f o r t h e s t u d y w h i c h a r e p r e s e n t e d i n t h e l a s t p a r t of t h e c h a p t e r . R e s e a r c h S t u d i e s A r e v i e w o f r e l e v a n t l i t e r a t u r e r e v e a l e d o n l y two s t u d i e s t h a t q u a n t i t a t i v e l y examined p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n community c o l l e g e s . The 5 6 f i n d i n g s o f t h e s t u d i e s i n West V i r g i n i a and N o r t h C a r o l i n a were r e m a r k a b l y s i m i l a r w h i c h p r o b a b l y r e f l e c t s t h e s i m i l a r i t y i n p a t t e r n s o f i n s t i t u t i o n a l e v o l u t i o n w i t h i n t h e U.S. N o r t h C a r o l i n a s t u d y . I n a d o c t o r a l s t u d y (1972) on c h a r a c t e r -i s t i c s o f p a r t - t i m e i n s t r u c t o r s i n comprehensive community c o l l e g e s o f N o r t h C a r o l i n a , Cooke o b s e r v e d t h a t : 1. A l t h o u g h p e r s o n a l s a t i s f a c t i o n and a d e s i r e t o supplement income were r a t e d as major r e a s o n s f o r c h o o s i n g t o t e a c h p a r t - t i m e , few i n s t r u c t o r s a c t i v e l y sought t e a c h i n g p o s i t i o n s . 2. The p a r t - t i m e t e a c h i n g s t a f f i s i n c o n s t a n t f l u x b e c a u s e members t e a c h by c h o i c e , b u t t h e group w h i c h chooses t o r e t u r n each term t e n d s t o a c t as a s t a b i l i z i n g e l e m e n t . I n most c a s e s , t h e r e c r u i t m e n t burden i s r e p o r t e d l y b o r n e by t h e v a r i o u s d i v i s i o n a d m i n i s t r a t o r s who need t e a c h e r s . 8 9 3. T e a c h i n g a c t i v i t i e s o f most i n s t r u c t o r s were l i m i t e d t o no more t h a n two days p e r week w i t h t h e g r e a t e r number t e a c h i n g d u r i n g e v e n i n g h o u r s between 5 and 10 p.m. Such a t e a c h i n g s c h e d u l e , comple-m e n t i n g an 8 a.m. t o 5 p.m. employment r o u t i n e , r e d u c e d p a r t i c i p a t i o n i n p r o f e s s i o n a l a c t i v i t i e s s p o n s o r e d by i n s t i t u t i o n s . 4. Few p a r t - t i m e s t a f f members t o o k p a r t i n o r i e n t a t i o n programs, i n - s e r v i c e t r a i n i n g , o r f a c u l t y and d e p a r t m e n t a l m e e t i n g s . P a r t i c i p a t i o n by p a r t - t i m e i n s t r u c t o r s on c u r r i c u l u m development committees was a l m o s t n o n - e x i s t e n t . 5. Not o n l y d i d p a r t - t i m e t e a c h e r s f i n d t h e m s e l v e s o u t s i d e t h e s p h e r e o f p r o f e s s i o n a l a c t i v i t i e s , b u t t h e y o f t e n d i d n o t r e c e i v e f u l l a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s u p p o r t f o r t h e i r c l a s s r o o m i n s t r u c t i o n . 6. The m a j o r i t y of i n s t r u c t o r s i n d i c a t e d t h a t c o u r s e o u t l i n e s were n o t s u p p l i e d t o them by t h e c o l l e g e s f o r t h e c o u r s e s t h e y t a u g h t . Those who d i d r e c e i v e c o u r s e o u t l i n e s r e p o r t e d f i n d i n g them h e l p f u l i n d e t e r m i n i n g m a t e r i a l t o be c o v e r e d , r e d u c i n g t h e t i m e needed t o o r g a n i z e c o u r s e s , and k e e p i n g c l a s s e s on s c h e d u l e . I n - a d d i t i o n t o n o t b e i n g a s s i m i l a t e d i n t o t r a d i t i o n a l r o u t i n e s , p a r t - t i m e r s l a b o u r e d under l e s s a t t r a c t i v e c o n d i t i o n s than d i d t h e i r c o u n t e r p a r t s t e a c h i n g d u r i n g t h e day. They were l e s s l i k e l y t o t e a c h c o u r s e s on campus and had l e s s t h a n complete a c c e s s t o such s e r v i c e s as t h e b o o k s t o r e , l i b r a r y , media c e n t r e , s t u d e n t p e r s o n n e l , d u p l i c a t i o n , and s e c r e t a r i a l s t a f f . I n s t r u c t i o n a l s u p p o r t t o p a r t - t i m e i n s t r u c t o r s was o f t e n n e g l e c t e d . As t h e i r a f t e r -f i v e e n t r o l m e n t s i n c r e a s e d , some i n s t i t u t i o n s made an e f f o r t t o s t r e n g t h e n t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y o f s u p p o r t f o r i n s t r u c t i o n a l s e r v i c e s . 7. When t h e y were asked t o s t a t e t h e i r v i e w s of t h e r o l e o f t h e community c o l l e g e , p a r t - t i m e i n s t r u c t o r s tended t o r e l a t e i t t o t h e 10 d i v i s i o n s i n w h i c h t h e y t a u g h t . F o r example, an i n s t r u c t o r i n t h e a d u l t d i v i s i o n saw t h e community c o l l e g e ' s f u n c t i o n as p r o v i d i n g b a s i c educa-t i o n , t e c h n i c a l t r a i n i n g , c o l l e g e t r a n s f e r e d u c a t i o n , and h e l p i n g l o c a l i n d u s t r y t o upgrade i t s employees. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y d e f i n e d t h e r o l e o f the community c o l l e g e i n terms o f t h e i n e x p e n s i v e e d u c a t i o n p r o v i d e d . I n s t r u c t o r s d i d n o t l i m i t t h e m s e l v e s t o d e f i n i n g t h e r o l e o f t h e community c o l l e g e , b u t t o o k t h e o p p o r t u n i t y t o e x p r e s s some i n d i v i d u a l c o n c e r n s . One i n s t r u c t o r f e l t t h a t t h e community c o l l e g e s m i g h t become the p r i v a t e c l u b o f t h e m i d d l e c l a s s , w i t h decoupage and cake d e c o r a t i n g c l a s s e s t a k i n g p r e c e d e n c e o v e r t h e t e a c h i n g o f b a s i c academic s k i l l s t o a d u l t s . A n o t h e r s t r e s s e d t h e need f o r more a r t i c u l a t i o n between community c o l l e g e s and t h e h i g h s c h o o l so t h a t t r a i n i n g would n o t be u n n e c e s s a r i l y d u p l i c a t e d . 8. Because r e m u n e r a t i o n was g i v e n o n l y f o r . c l a s s r o o m t e a c h i n g t i m e , some i n s t r u c t o r s s u g g e s t e d t h a t a d d i t i o n a l pay was i n o r d e r f o r s u c h a c t i v i t i e s as p l a n n i n g and s t u d e n t a d v i s e m e n t . 9. A f e e l i n g o f i s o l a t i o n f rom t h e i n s t i t u t i o n was i n d i c a t e d by one i n s t r u c t o r who r e f e r r e d t o h i m s e l f as an "orphan c h i l d . " The p e r s o n a l e x p e r i e n c e r e l a t e d by one p a r t - t i m e i n s t r u c t o r u n d e r s c o r e s t h e s i g n i f i -c a n t r o l e t h a t t h e community c o l l e g e p l a y s i n g r a s s r o o t s e d u c a t i o n . T h i s t e a c h e r had i n i t i a l l y e n r o l l e d i n a c o l l e g e t o o b t a i n a h i g h s c h o o l d i p l o m a , had c o n t i n u e d t o t a k e a d d i t i o n a l c o u r s e s , and was s u b s e q u e n t l y employed t o t e a c h p a r t - t i m e i n t h e i n s t i t u t i o n . 10. As e v i d e n c e o f t h i s s a t i s f a c t i o n w i t h employment i n t h e community c o l l e g e s , more t h a n h a l f r e s p o n d i n g t o a q u e s t i o n n a i r e s a i d t h a t t h e y w o u l d a c c e p t f u l l - t i m e employment i n t h e community c o l l e g e s y s t e m i f i t were o f f e r e d t o them. A l m o s t a l l o f t h e r e s p o n d e n t s (95%) s a i d t h e y w o u l d t e a c h f o r t h e c o l l e g e a g a i n . West V i r g i n i a s t u d y . I n 1972, i n s t r u c t i o n a l a d m i n i s t r a t o r s a t West V i r g i n i a N o r t h e r n Community C o l l e g e c o n d u c t e d an e x t e n s i v e l i t e r -a t u r e s e a r c h on c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s and c o n c e r n s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . ^ They a l l e g e d t h a t p r o f e s s i o n a l development a c t i v i t i e s s p e c i a l l y d e s i g n e d f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y c o u l d a l l e v i a t e much of t h e s e n s e o f i s o l a t i o n and l a c k o f a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s u p p o r t t h a t p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y f e e l . T h e i r major f i n d i n g s can be summarized as f o l l o w s : 1. A m e r i c a n community, j u n i o r and t e c h n i c a l c o l l e g e s r e l y h e a v i l y on t h e use o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t o t e a c h . (The l i t e r a t u r e s e a r c h d i s -c l o s e d t h a t p r o b a b l y t h e m a j o r i t y o f t h e t o t a l number o f f a c u l t y a r e p a r t - t i m e employees, a l t h o u g h t h e y t e a c h f e w e r c o u r s e s t h a n f u l l - t i m e employees.) 2. There i s e v i d e n c e t h a t v e r y few c o l l e g e s a r e p r o v i d i n g adequate means o f a s s i s t i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n becoming a c q u a i n t e d w i t h t h e c o l l e g e s t h e y r e p r e s e n t — i . e . s t a t e m e n t s o f p h i l o s o p h y , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , programs, and s e r v i c e s a v a i l a b l e t o h e l p them c a r r y out t h e i r r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s . F u r t h e r m o r e , f e w e r c o l l e g e s p r o v i d e any a s s i s t a n c e i n t h e development o f p r o f e s s i o n a l t e a c h i n g c a p a b i l i t i e s . 3. A number o f p e r s o n s have c i t e d t h e need f o r p r o f e s s i o n a l development a c t i v i t i e s f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y b u t i n n o v a t i v e means f o r m e e t i n g t h e needs o f t h i s group a r e d i f f i c u l t t o i d e n t i f y . The v e r y l i m i t e d number of s c h o o l s p r o v i d i n g any a s s i s t a n c e do so m a i n l y i n t h e a r e a o f o r i e n t a t i o n , w i t h p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y handbooks, an o r i e n t a t i o n s e s s i o n , a copy of the s e m e s t e r s c h e d u l e and o t h e r p r i n t e d h a n d o u t s b e i n g t h e main methods used. A few a r e u s i n g such i n d i v i d u a l i z e d m a t e r i a l s as v i d e o - t a p e s , t o u r s , and i n s t r u c t i o n a l p a c k e t s . 12 4. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y d e s i r e more i n f o r m a t i o n and a s s i s t a n c e t o h e l p them c a r r y o ut t h e i r p r o f e s s i o n a l r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s and want t o f e e l a " p a r t " o f t h e c o l l e g e they r e p r e s e n t . B o t h t h e s u r v e y s o f p a r t - t i m e i n s t r u c t o r s r e p o r t e d i n t h e l i t e r a t u r e s t u d i e s and t h e s u r v e y o f West V i r g i n i a N o r t h e r n Community C o l l e g e p e r s o n n e l i n d i c a t e d t h a t i n s t r u c t o r s say t h e y e s p e c i a l l y want more h e l p on v a r i o u s a p proaches t o t e a c h i n g , more i n f o r m a t i o n about how o t h e r s t e a c h t h e same c o u r s e , and t h e f u n c t i o n o f t h e c o u r s e t h e y t e a c h i n r e l a t i o n t o t h e t o t a l s t u d e n t c u r r i c u l u m . 5. B o t h p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y and c o l l e g e a d m i n i s t r a t o r s r e c o g n i z e numerous o b s t a c l e s i n a t t e m p t i n g t o implement " t r a d i t i o n a l " methods o f p r o f e s s i o n a l development such as a l a c k o f a v a i l a b i l i t y f o r many group a c t i v i t i e s , g r e a t e r o b l i g a t i o n t o o t h e r r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s , and c o n f l i c t -i n g s c h e d u l e s . B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a M a t e r i a l s F i v e i n f o r m a t i o n s o u r c e s c o n c e r n i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y were f o u n d i n B r i t i s h C olumbia. These a r e , t h e UBC S t a t u s o f Women R e p o r t , t h e C o l l e g e F a c u l t i e s F e d e r a t i o n o f B.C., a s t u d y on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y c o n -d u c t e d a t Vancouver Community C o l l e g e , t h e B.C. M i n i s t r y o f E d u c a t i o n P o s t - S e c o n d a r y S t a t i s t i c s R e p o r t , and t h e C o l l e g e and P r o v i n c i a l I n s t i t u t e s A c t ( B i l l 8 2 ) . UBC S t a t u s o f Women R e p o r t . The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a S t a t u s of Women R e p o r t ^ of 1975 d e v i a t e d from i t s c o n c e r n s w i t h s e x d i s -c r i m i n a t i o n i n p o s t - s e c o n d a r y i n s t i t u t i o n s t o make some comments on t h e s t a t u s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y ( o f b o t h s e x e s ) . I t recommended t h a t : a. t h e s t a t u s o f p a r t - t i m e work be changed so t h a t p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y members e n j o y t h e same r i g h t s t o p r o m o t i o n , t e n u r e , s a l a r y i n c r e a s e s , l e a v e and o t h e r b e n e f i t s , and t h e same r i g h t s t o v o t e and s i t on committees as f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . 13 b. p a r t - t i m e work be no l o n g e r c o n s i d e r e d a b l a c k mark on a p e r s o n ' s r e c o r d of employment and t h a t t h o s e who have worked p a r t - t i m e i n t h e u n i v e r s i t y s h o u l d be c o n s i d e r e d f o r f u l l -t i m e employment when t h e i r own l i v i n g c i r c u m s t a n c e s a l l o w f o r t h i s change. c. t h e F a c u l t y A s s o c i a t i o n be a l l o w e d t o r e p r e s e n t p a r t - t i m e c o l l e a g u e s i n a l l r a n k s . C o l l e g e F a c u l t i e s F e d e r a t i o n o f B.C. S i n c e t h e development o f t h e community c o l l e g e s i n B.C. t h e r e has been a c o n c e r n among many f a c u l t y t h a t part-:time f a c u l t y a r e g e t t i n g " s h o r t c h a n g e d " as f a r as rewards and r e c o g n i t i o n a r e c o n c e r n e d . The C o l l e g e F a c u l t i e s F e d e r a t i o n o f B.C. (CFFBC) r e c o g n i z e s t h a t t h e r e i s a s t r o n g community o f i n t e r e s t between f u l l and p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y and t h a t t h e p r i n c i p l e o f e q u a l pay f o r e q u a l work s h o u l d be more c o n s i s t e n t l y a p p l i e d . I n t h e absence o f any o f f i c i a l b a r g a i n i n g powers i t i s i m p o s s i b l e t o o b t a i n adequate r e p r e s e n t a t i o n f o r t h e i r i n t e r e s t s e x c e p t t o t h e e x t e n t t h a t t h e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n o f t h e c o l l e g e has been w i l l i n g t o t a k e up t h e i r c a u s e . T h i s i s t h e p r e s e n t s t a n c e of t h e B.C. Labour R e l a t i o n s B o a r d towards c o l l e g e b a r g a i n i n g u n i t s . The CFFBC draws a p a r a l l e l w i t h some l a b o u r u n i o n s w h i c h n e g o t i a t e f o r b o t h f u l l - t i m e and p a r t - t i m e employees. Any s u c h c o m p a r i -son must be made i n l i g h t o f o t h e r c o n s i d e r a t i o n s such as h i r i n g p o l i c i e s , r i g h t t o s t r i k e , e v a l u a t i o n o f j o b p e r f o r m a n c e and o t h e r f a c t o r s common t o management/labour r e l a t i o n s . I n an u n o f f i c i a l r e p o r t , the CFFBC contended t h a t : F a c u l t y A s s o c i a t i o n s as u n i o n s m i g h t f o l l o w t h e l e a d o f o t h e r u n i o n s i n b a r g a i n i n g f o r i t s p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y as w e l l as t h e i r f u l l - t i m e members. C e r t a i n l y t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t h e m s e l v e s a r e becoming more v o c a l and p o l i t i c a l l y a c t i v e s u c h as a t Vancouver Community C o l l e g e where a l a r g e p r o p o r t i o n depend on p a r t - t i m e t e a c h i n g as t h e i r s o l e s o u r c e o f income.^ 14 I f t h e p r e s e n t s i t u a t i o n c o n t i n u e s w i t h a l a c k o f any o f f i c i a l b a r g a i n i n g p o s i t i o n t h e n r a t h e r p a r a d o x i c a l l y , p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y , one o f t h e most i m p o r t a n t groups i n t h e f u n c t i o n i n g o f t h e c o l l e g e s , may become l e s s i n f l u e n t i a l i n m a t t e r s o f s a l a r y and w o r k i n g c o n d i t i o n s . There a r e some s i g n s o f change as f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s move toward s u p p o r t i n g t h e i r p a r t - t i m e c o n s t i t u e n t s i n t h e i r q u e s t f o r f u l l membership and v o t i n g s t a t u s . S t u d y by Vancouver Community C o l l e g e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . The term i n s t r u c t o r s a t Vancouver Community C o l l e g e ( L angara) have o r g a n i z e d them-s e l v e s and have p r o d u c e d a s h o r t b u t comprehensive r e p o r t l i s t i n g many common c o n c e r n s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y , b u t making some p o s i t i v e recommend-ations.''"^ One i n t e r e s t i n g s t a t i s t i c i n t h i s s t u d y was t h a t 82% o f t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y sampled depended on s a l a r i e s from t e a c h i n g as t h e i r p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e o f income w i t h o n l y 38% of them e a r n i n g what t h e y f e l t was a ' l i v i n g ' s a l a r y . P a r t o f t h e p r e s e n t s t u d y w i l l a n a l y s e s a l a r y c o n d i t i o n s i n o t h e r c o l l e g e s . Department o f E d u c a t i o n P o s t - S e c o n d a r y S t a t i s t i c s . The B.C. Department o f E d u c a t i o n S t a t i s t i c s R e p o r t on P o s t - S e c o n d a r y I n s t i t u t i o n s f o r t h e y e a r 1976-1977 shows t h a t 39% o f a l l f a c u l t y i n B.C. c o l l e g e s were p a r t - t i m e faculty.''"''" Compared t o t h e f i g u r e o f 10% i n a 1973 s t u d y 12 by D e n n i s o n , t h e r e seems t o be a marked i n c r e a s e . Recent l e g i s l a t i o n by t h e B r i t i s h C olumbia L e g i s l a t u r e ( A p p e n d i x F ) , does n o t d i s t i n g u i s h between f u l l - t i m e and p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . I t v i e w s them a l l as p r o f e s -s i o n a l employees. The s t a g e seems t o be s e t f o r some p o l i t i c a l s t r u g g l e s , e s p e c i a l l y between e s t a b l i s h e d f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s and groups o f p a r t -t i m e f a c u l t y s e e k i n g more adequate r e m u n e r a t i o n . 15 Impact of B i l l 82. A t t h e t i m e o f t h i s s t u d y , B i l l 82 ( C o l l e g e and P r o v i n c i a l I n s t i t u t e s A c t ) had j u s t been e n a c t e d ( r e f e r t o A p p e n d i x F ) . I t i s t h e f i r s t l e g i s l a t i o n d i r e c t l y c o n c e r n e d w i t h community c o l l e g e s and may have a p r o f o u n d i mpact on t h e s t a t u s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . T h i s A c t c a t e g o r i z e s a l l t e a c h i n g f a c u l t y as " p r o f e s s i o n a l employees." I t s t a t e s t h a t a l l p r o f e s s i o n a l employees w i l l d e c i d e on t h e k i n d o f r e p r e s e n t a t i o n t h e y want. I f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e i n c l u d e d i n t h e v o t e t h e y may w e l l be t h e d e c i d i n g element about t h e mode o f r e p r e s e n t a t i o n f o r a l l f a c u l t y . T h e i r i n c l u s i o n may have a major e f f e c t on c o l l e c t i v e agreements w h i c h a r e g e n e r a l l y a d d r e s s e d t o t h e c o n c e r n s o f f u l l - t i m e o r permanent f a c u l t y . Commentary and Hypot h e s e s None o f t h e r e f e r e n c e s w h i c h have been c i t e d d e a l t w i t h two v e r y i m p o r t a n t q u e s t i o n s w h i c h , i n t h e a u t h o r ' s e s t i m a t i o n , a r e e s s e n t i a l i n p a r t - t i m e / f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y r e l a t i o n s h i p s i n c o l l e g e s . These a r e : a. On a s t r i c t l y t e a c h i n g b a s i s , do p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h as e f f e c t i v e l y as f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y ? b. How much o f a f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y member's j o b c o m p r i s e s t e a c h i n g f u n c t i o n s ? F u r t h e r t o t h i s , how l a r g e a c o r e o f f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y i s r e q u i r e d t o p e r f o r m t h o s e n e c e s s a r y n o n - t e a c h i n g f u n c t i o n s s u c h as c u r r i c u l u m development, budget p r e p a r a t i o n , and c o u r s e e v a l u a t i o n . The s t u d i e s d e s c r i b e d i n t h e p r e v i o u s s e c t i o n h e l p t o b u i l d a p r o f i l e o f t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s and c o n c e r n s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . Whether o r n o t t h e y a p p l y i n B r i t i s h C o l umbia c o l l e g e s i s q u e s t i o n a b l e . I n C h a p t e r I a p r e v i e w was g i v e n of t h e t h i r d p a r t o f t h i s s t u d y , i . e . t h e a n a l y s i s o f some o f t h e a s s u m p t i o n s about p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . The more p r e v a l e n t o f t h e s e a s s u m p t i o n s , made by many of t h e p r i n c i p a l s and f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n p r e s i d e n t s i n v o l v e d i n t h i s s t u d y , a r e now s t a t e d 16 as h y p o t h e s e s . S p e c i f i c a l l y i t i s a s s e r t e d t h a t : 1. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y d e s i r e f u l l - t i m e t e a c h i n g p o s i t i o n s . 2. They t e a c h p a r t - t i m e p r i m a r i l y f o r f i n a n c i a l r e a s o n s . 3. They a r e n o t i n v o l v e d i n n o n - t e a c h i n g d u t i e s i n t h e i n s t i t u t i o n . 4. They have no t e a c h i n g c r e d e n t i a l s . 5. They have no p r e v i o u s t e a c h i n g e x p e r i e n c e . 6. They a r e n o t members of t h e c o l l e g e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n . 7. They a r e n o t e l i g i b l e f o r membership i n t h e c o l l e g e ' s f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n . 8. They e x h i b i t a h i g h t u r n o v e r r a t e and t y p i c a l l y do n o t t e a c h i n one i n s t i t u t i o n f o r l o n g e r t h a n one s e m e s t e r . 9. They l i v e w i t h i n a one-hour d r i v e o f t h e c o l l e g e i n w h i c h t h e y t e a c h . 10. They t e a c h e v e n i n g c o u r s e s ( a f t e r 4 p.m.). 11. I n academic c r e d i t c o u r s e s , t h e y t e a c h i n t h e n o n - l a b o r a t o r y programs. 12. F o r t h e amount o f c l a s s r o o m t e a c h i n g done, they r e c e i v e p r o -p o r t i o n a l l y l e s s s a l a r y t h a n f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y members. 13. There i s no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e b a s i c s a l a r y s c a l e s f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y amongst t h e c o l l e g e s s e l e c t e d i n t h e s t u d y . 14. There i s no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e r a t i o o f p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y members among t h e c o l l e g e s s e l e c t e d i n t h i s s t u d y . 15. There i s no f o r m a l i z e d h i r i n g p o l i c y a p p l y i n g t o p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . 16. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y g e t l e s s a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s u p p o r t s e r v i c e s t h a n f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . 17. The p e r c e n t a g e of p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i s i n c r e a s i n g . 18. They t e a c h m a i n l y i n academic ( u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r ) programs, 19. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h s u b j e c t s t h a t a r e d i r e c t l y c o n n e c t e d w i t h t h e i r p r e s e n t work. 20. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y do n o t depend on t e a c h i n g i n c o l l e g e s f o r t h e i r main s o u r c e o f income. CHAPTER I I I THE DESIGN OF THE STUDY T h i s c h a p t e r d i s c u s s e s some o f t h e u n i q u e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f t h e c o l l e g e s p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n the s t u d y , f o l l o w e d by a d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e mode o f i n f o r m a t i o n c o l l e c t i o n used. I t t h e n d e s c r i b e s a t i m e a n a l y s i s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n ma j o r c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s o f t h e c o l l e g e s and a d i s c u s s i o n o f t h e l o g i s t i c s o f managing t h e s t u d y , c o n c l u d i n g w i t h a r e v i e w o f t h e computer and s t a t i s t i c a l a n a l y s e s used i n t h e s t u d y . C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f t h e C o l l e g e s P a r t i c i p a t i n g i n t h e Study W i t h t h e e v o l u t i o n o f i n d i v i d u a l c o l l e g e s t o meet l o c a l community needs and t h e d i v e r s i t y o f programs t h i s i m p l i e s , i t was i m p o r t a n t t o d e t e r m i n e i f t h e r e w o u l d emerge a common p r o f i l e o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . The i n s t i t u t i o n s chosen r e p r e s e n t v a r i o u s c o m b i n a t i o n s o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : a. p o p u l a t i o n d e n s i t y o f t h e c o l l e g e r e g i o n . b. g e o g r a p h i c a r e a s e r v e d by t h e c o l l e g e . c. h i s t o r i c a l p a r t - t i m e : f u l l - t i m e r a t i o . d. melded o r non-melded c o l l e g e ( i . e . amalgamation o f t h e c o l l e g e w i t h l o c a l P r o v i n c i a l v o c a t i o n a l i n s t i t u t e s ) . e. campus model of t h e c o l l e g e ( s i n g l e o r m u l t i - c a m p u s w i t h campus p r i n c i p a l s ) . T a b l e 1 shows t h e r e l a t i o n o f t h e s e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s w i t h t h e s e l e c t e d c o l l e g e s . E a s t Kootenay and F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e s , f o r example, s e r v e l a r g e g e o g r a p h i c a r e a s w i t h r e l a t i v e l y low p o p u l a t i o n d e n s i t i e s , w h i l e 18 T a b l e 1 C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f t h e S e l e c t e d C o l l e g e s BEIT'.: ( p r o v i n c i a l i n s t i t u t e ) C a p i l a n o Douglas E a s t Kootenay F r a s e r V a l l e y VCC 1. P o p u l a t i o n D e n s i t y o f t h e C o l l e g e R e g i o n h i g h medium low n o t a p p l i c a b l e X X X X X 2. G e o g r a p h i c A r e a h i g h medium low n o t a p p l i c a b l e X X X X X 3. M e l d S t a t u s melded non-melded n o t a p p l i c a b l e X X X X X 4. Campus Model s i n g l e campus mu l t i - c a m p u s ( w i t h campus p r i n c i p a l s ) X X X X X X 5. H i s t o r i a l PT/FT R a t i o a t end of 1 s t sem. o p e r a t i o n o f t h e c o l l e g e ) h i g h (> 0.8) medium (0.4-0.8) low (0.0-0.39) X X X X X 20 Vancouver Community C o l l e g e s e r v e s a s m a l l g e o g r a p h i c a r e a w i t h a r e l a t i v e l y h i g h d e n s i t y p o p u l a t i o n . C a p i l a n o and F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e s began w i t h h i g h r a t i o s o f p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y w h i l e BCIT began w i t h a c o r r e s p o n d i n g l y low r a t i o . Two o f the s i x c o l l e g e s , Douglas C o l l e g e and Vancouver Community C o l l e g e s , a r e mu l t i c a m p u s i n s t i t u t i o n s w i t h campus p r i n c i p a l s , w h i l e t h e o t h e r f o u r c o l l e g e s a r e s i n g l e p r i n c i p a l i n s t i t u t i o n s . Because o f i t s mandate as a p r o v i n c i a l i n s t i -t u t i o n , BCIT has no t e r r i t o r i a l r e s t r i c t i o n s as do t h e o t h e r c o l l e g e s , n o r i s i t a f f e c t e d by B.C. government l e g i s l a t i o n on m e l d i n g . Mode o f I n f o r m a t i o n C o l l e c t i o n A q u e s t i o n n a i r e was chosen as t h e pri m e d a t a c o l l e c t i o n i n s t r u m e n t , supplemented by i n t e r v i e w s w i t h c o l l e g e p r i n c i p a l s and f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n p r e s i d e n t s . The d i s t a n c e s between t h e c o l l e g e s made i t n e c e s s a r y t o conduct many o f t h e s e i n t e r v i e w s by phone and by m a i l . The q u e s t i o n n a i r e was d i v i d e d i n t o two s u b - q u e s t i o n n a i r e s A and B. Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A was answered by t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y member w h i l e Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B was answered by an a d m i n i s t r a t o r i n t h e i n s t i t u t i o n . The q u e s t i o n n a t i r e was c o n s t r u c t e d t o o b t a i n d a t a b o t h about t h e hy p o t h e s e s l i s t e d a t t h e end o f C h a p t e r I I and a l s o about t h e p e r s o n a l and w o r k - r e l a t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f i n d i v i d u a l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y members. P a r t B of t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e r e q u e s t e d d a t a on t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l a s p e c t s o f t h e employment o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . The q u e s t i o n n a i r e h e a d i n g s a r e as f o l l o w s : * Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A The P r o f i l e o f t h e P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y Member 1. P e r s o n a l * R e f e r t o A p p e n d i x K f o r more d e t a i l s . 21 2. Academic and P r o f e s s i o n a l Q u a l i f i c a t i o n s 3. Work E x p e r i e n c e ( o u t s i d e o f p a r t - t i m e t e a c h i n g ) 4. T e a c h i n g E x p e r i e n c e 5. I n s t i t u t i o n a l R e l a t i o n s 6. M o t i v a t i o n s f o r T e a c h i n g Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B a. C l a s s i f i c a t i o n s o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y b. Time A n a l y s i s : A s e m e s t e r by sem e s t e r a n a l y s i s o f t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n t h e t h r e e main c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s o f t h e c o l l e g e ; a c a d e mic, c a r e e r , t r a i n i n g . c. E x p e c t e d D u t i e s and R e m u n e r a t i o n o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y d. A d m i n i s t r a t i v e S e r v i c e s A v a i l a b l e t o P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y e. H i r i n g P o l i c i e s f o r P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y Time A n a l y s i s B o t h f a c u l t y and a d m i n i s t r a t o r s e x p r e s s e d i n t e r e s t i n s e e i n g i f t h e r e were t r e n d s i n t h e use o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . Each group had i t s own r e a s o n s . W i t h r e s p e c t t o f a c u l t y t h e most common r e a s o n s were t h a t any i n c r e a s i n g t r e n d c o u l d have s e r i o u s i m p l i c a t i o n s on t h e p o l i t i c a l t e x t u r e o f f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s and, f o r t h e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n s , t h a t i n c r e a s e d use o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y c o u l d be ' b u d g e t a r i l y b e n e f i c i a l i n a p e r i o d o f g r o w i n g economic r e s t r a i n t " — t h a t i s , t h e y c o u l d c o s t l e s s than f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . S i n c e n e i t h e r o f t h e s e c o n c e r n s may be founded on f a c t , t h e s t u d y examines t h e s e a r e a s t o see how many p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a c t u a l l y do b e l o n g t o f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s and what t h e i r pay s c a l e s a r e . I t i n v e s t i g a t e s t h e n a t u r e o f t h e membership o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s r e l a t i v e t o t h a t o f t h e f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . I t a l s o examines t h e s a l a r y s c a l e s f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y and t h e r a t i o n a l e 22 b e h i n d them. The t i m e a n a l y s i s shows the d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n t h r e e m ain c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s o f t h e c o l l e g e , u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s -f e r , c a r e e r / t e c h n i c a l and v o c a t i o n a l t r a i n i n g . I t p r e s e n t s t h e r a t i o o f p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y i n each c u r r i c u l u m a r e a f o r each s e m e s t e r of t h e c o l l e g e y e a r g o i n g back as f a r as c o l l e g e r e c o r d s a l l o w . S u p p l e m e n t i n g t h e i n f o r m a t i o n from t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e a r e d a t a on t h r e e o t h e r t o p i c s : a. c r i t e r i a f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y pay s c a l e s b. c r i t e r i a f o r t r a n s i t i o n from a p a r t - t i m e p o s i t i o n t o a f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n , and c. c a t e g o r i e s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y ( r e f e r t o A p p e n d i c e s B, C, and D). Managing t h e Study The a d m i n i s t r a t i o n and f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n o f each c o l l e g e i s s u e d a j o i n t l e t t e r o f s u p p o r t t o a l l t h e i r p a r t - t i m e c o l l e a g u e s e n c o u r a g i n g them t o f i l l o u t t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e . They a l s o p r o v i d e d name l i s t s and p a i d t h e m a i l i n g c o s t s o f t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e p a c k e t t o a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y who had been a p p o i n t e d a t some t i m e w i t h i n t h e l a s t two y e a r s . Most c r e d i t c o u r s e s r e p e a t w i t h i n two y e a r s so a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y between 1975 and 1978 were i n c l u d e d even though many may n o t have been *The q u e s t i o n n a i r e p a c k e t c o n s i s t e d o f t h r e e i t e m s : a) t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e c o n s i s t i n g o f i ) Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t o f i l l i n , and i i ) Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B f o r t h e c o l l e g e t o f i l l i n . b) a r e t u r n s e l f - a d d r e s s e d e n v e l o p e t o the a u t h o r o f t h e s t u d y . c) a c o v e r i n g l e t t e r f r o m t h e p r i n c i p a l and f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n o f t h e c o l l e g e e x p l a i n i n g t h e n a t u r e o f t h e s t u d y and a s k i n g t h e i r c o o p e r a t i o n i n f i l l i n g i t o u t . R e f e r t o Ap p e n d i x K. 23 t e a c h i n g d u r i n g t h e y e a r i n w h i c h t h e s t u d y was c o n d u c t e d . Each c o l l e g e was a l s o a s k e d t o c o n d u c t a t i m e a n a l y s i s showing t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n t h r e e major c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s ( u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r , c a r e e r / t e c h n i c a l , and v o c a t i o n a l t r a i n i n g ) f o r each o f t h e s e m e s t e r s of t h e c o l l e g e y e a r e x t e n d i n g b a c k as f a r as c o l l e g e r e c o r d s p e r m i t t e d . A d m i n i s t r a t o r s were a s k e d t o compute t h e r a t i o o f p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y i n each c a s e . The f o r m a t of t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e was chosen so t h a t computer c a r d s c o u l d be punched d i r e c t l y from t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e s w i t h o u t the need o f i n t e r m e d i a t e c o d i n g s h e e t s . A n a l y s i s of D a t a A computer program was s e t up t o h a n d l e a l l t h e d a t a from t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e s on t h e U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h C olumbia's IBM System 370 M o d e l 168 computer. The program f o r m a t was b a s e d upon t h e S t a t i s t i c a l  Package f o r S o c i a l S c i e n c e s by N.H. N i e e t a l , McGraw H i l l , 2nd e d i t i o n 1975. The p r o c e d u r e f o r t h e d a t a a n a l y s i s was as f o l l o w s : 1. Each h y p o t h e s e s l i s t e d on page 14 was t r e a t e d f o r s i g n i f i c a n c e on a n u l l h y p o t h e s i s b a s i s H : y i = y 2 o H : y i 4 y 2 1 -2. The d a t a f r o m t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e w.ese. a n a l y s e d q u e s t i o n by q u e s t i o n w i t h s e l e c t e d c r o s s t a b u l a t i o n s and c h i - s q u a r e t e s t i n g . Where r e q u i r e d w i t h i n an m by n c r o s s - t a b u l a t i o n (m, n >'2), m u l t i p l e c o m p a r i -sons a r e u s e d i n sample p r o p o r t i o n s f o r t e s t s o f homogeneity. 3. A t i m e a n a l y s i s was p r e s e n t e d showing t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n t h r e e m a i n c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s o f t h e c o l l e g e s ( u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r , c a r e e r / t e c h n i c a l and v o c a t i o n a l t r a i n i n g ) . ( R e f e r t o A p p e n d i c e s H and I.) 4. A c o m p a r i s o n was made between t h e c o l l e g e s on a. c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y b. d u t i e s and r e m u n e r a t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y c. a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s e r v i c e s a v a i l a b l e t o p a r t - t i m e f a c u d. management p r o c e s s e s a f f e c t i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y ( R e f e r t o A p p e n d i x J.) CHAPTER IV RESULTS OF THE ANALYSIS The f i r s t s e c t i o n o f t h i s c h a p t e r p r e s e n t s an a n a l y s i s o f each o f t h e a p p r o p r i a t e h y p o t h e s e s . T h i s a n a l y s i s p r o v i d e s t h e b e g i n n i n g o f a p r o f i l e o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y members i n B.C. c o l l e g e s . The f i n d i n g s from Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A of t h e s u r v e y a r e t h e n g i v e n t o expand more f u l l y on t h e p r o f i l e . The r e s u l t s o f Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B t h e n f o l l o w , d e a l i n g w i t h t h e p o l i c i e s o f t h e i n s t i t u t i o n s r e g a r d i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y w i t h r e s p e c t t o j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n , e x p e c t e d d u t i e s and r e m u n e r a t i o n , admin-i s t r a t i v e s e r v i c e s and h i r i n g p o l i c i e s . F i n a l l y an a n a l y s i s i s made o f t r e n d s i n t h e use o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n each c o l l e g e b a s e d on d a t a showing t h e i r d i s t r i b u t i o n i n m a j o r c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s o v e r s e v e r a l y e a r s . The q u e s t i o n n a i r e s were s e n t t o a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y who had t a u g h t between 1975 and 1977. An a n a l y s i s o f t h e r e t u r n s i s g i v e n i n T a b l e 2 below. These f i g u r e s r e f e r t o Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A s i n c e o n l y one Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B was t o be f i l l e d i n p e r c o l l e g e . E v e r y c o l l e g e c o m p l e t e d a Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B f o r a 100% r e t u r n . A p p r o x i m a t e l y 1,531 d i f f e r e n t p a r t -t i m e f a c u l t y t a u g h t i n t h e s i x s e l e c t e d c o l l e g e s d u r i n g t h i s t i m e . T h i s i s t w i c e as many as t a u g h t i n 1975-1976 a c c o r d i n g t o t h e B.C. P o s t -Secondary S t a t i s t i c s R e p o r t ( A p p e n d i x G). I t i n d i c a t e s t h a t t h e r e was a l m o s t a c o m p l e t e t u r n o v e r o f t e a c h e r s w i t h i n t h a t two-year p e r i o d . T h i s i s c o n s i s t e n t w i t h t h e a n a l y s i s w h i c h showed 92% o f a l l r e s p o n d e n t s h a v i n g t a u g h t l e s s t h a n two y e a r s i n any one community c o l l e g e ( Q u e s t i o n -n a i r e A, No. 1 7 ) . 25 T a b l e 2 A n a l y s i s o f Q u e s t i o n n a i r e R e t u r n s by C o l l e g e BCIT C a p i l a n o Douglas E a s t Kootenay F r a s e r V a l l e y VCC La n g a r a VCC W I / K i n g Ed * Q u e s t i o n n a i r e s s e n t o u t 190 270 310 31 100 230 400 Q u e s t i o n n a i r e s r e t u r n e d 58 66 103 12 28 62 91 % r e t u r n 31 24 33 39 28 27 23 T o t a l q u e s t i o n n a i r e s t o a l l c o l l e g e s 1531 T o t a l q u e s t i o n n a i r e s r e t u r n e d 420 Av e r a g e r e t u r n 28% The number o f q u e s t i o n n a i r e s s e n t o u t (1531) a p p r o x i m a t e s t h o s e a c t u a l l y r e a c h i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y members. I t i s t h e t o t a l number of q u e s t i o n n a i r e s d e l i v e r e d t o each c o l l e g e l e s s t h e number r e t u r n e d unopened l e s s t h e number r e t u r n e d by the c o l l e g e s as e x c e s s . 27 EXAMINATION AND DISCUSSION OF THE HYPOTHESES I n a n a l y z i n g t h e h y p o t h e s e s t h e f o l l o w i n g s t a t i s t i c a l p r o c e d u r e s were f r e q u e n t l y u s e d : z - s t a t i s t i c ; s t u d e n t ' s t - d i s t r i b u t i o n and c o n f i d e n c e i n t e r v a l ; c h i - s q u a r e and K r u s k a l - W a l l i s a n a l y s e s . D e t a i l s o f t h e s e a r e g i v e n i n A p p e n d i x L. H y p o t h e s i s 1. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y d e s i r e f u l l - t i m e t e a c h i n g p o s i t i o n s ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, Nos. 6 and 38) The r e s p o n s e s t o th e q u e s t i o n n a i r e i t e m a d d r e s s e d t o t h i s q u e s t i o n i n d i c a t e t h a t a s i g n i f i c a n t p e r c e n t a g e (57%) o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y w o u l d a c c e p t a f u l l - t i m e t e a c h i n g p o s i t i o n i f a v a i l a b l e . R e l a t e d t o t h i s h y p o t h e s i s a r e t h e r e s p o n s e s t o t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e i t e m w h i c h a s k s p a r t -t i m e f a c u l t y t o i n d i c a t e w h e t h e r t h e i r t e a c h i n g d u t i e s p r o d u c e t h e i r p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e o f income. A s i g n i f i c a n t p e r c e n t a g e (54%) o f t h e r e s p o n d e n t s answered t h i s q u e s t i o n i n t h e a f f i r m a t i v e . A c c o r d i n g l y , t h e d a t a i n d i c a t e t h a t h y p o t h e s i s 1 may be s u p p o r t e d ( z - s t a t i s t i c ) . H y p o t h e s i s 2. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h p r i m a r i l y f o r f i n a n c i a l r e a s o n s ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, No. 36) I n Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, r e s p o n d e n t s were a s k e d t o i n d i c a t e i n r a n k o r d e r a number o f r e a s o n s f o r t e a c h i n g i n a community c o l l e g e . The r a n k i n g o f o p t i o n s was d e t e r m i n e d by a mean s c o r e b a s e d upon a s p e c i a l g r a d i e n t s c a l e from one t o f i v e where one e q u a l s f i r s t c h o i c e . The r e s u l t s o f t h i s q u e s t i o n a r e summarized i n T a b l e 3. I t i s a p p a r e n t f r o m t h e d a t a t h a t s a l a r y r a n k s t h i r d i n t h e r a n k o r d e r o f m o t i v e s s u g g e s t e d i n t h e q u e s t i o n . I t may be c o n c l u d e d t h a t p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y do n o t t e a c h p r i m a r i l y f o r f i n a n c i a l r e a s o n s and hence h y p o t h e s i s 2 i s r e j e c t e d . . 28 T a b l e 3 R a n k i n g o f C a t e g o r i e s by Mean S c o r e i n Response t o t h e Q u e s t i o n 'Why do you t e a c h a t a community c o l l e g e ? ' Q u e s t i o n n a i r e S e l e c t i o n Mean Rank f o r t h e s a t i s f a c t i o n o f s h a r i n g knowledge 3.842 i t ' s a c a r e e r c h o i c e 3.165 f o r money 3.136 f o r d e v e l o p i n g t h e o p p o r t u n i t y o f g e t t i n g f u l l - t i m e t e a c h i n g p o s i t i o n 2.996 t o t r y out a new e x p e r i e n c e 2.401 f o r t h e s o c i a l p r e s t i g e o f t e a c h i n g a t a c o l l e g e 1.778 H y p o t h e s i s 3. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e n o t i n v o l v e d i n n o n - t e a c h i n g a c t i v i t i e s i n t h e i n s t i t u t i o n . ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B, No. 7) The p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y were n o t a s k e d t o r e s p o n d t o t h i s , r a t h e r t h e c o l l e g e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n s were asked t o s p e c i f y the e x t e n t t o w h i c h p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y were e x p e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e i n n o n - t e a c h i n g a c t i v i t i e s s uch as committee work and s t u d e n t c o n s u l t a t i o n . Four c o l l e g e s had no p o l i c y on t h i s , one c o l l e g e s a i d n o n - t e a c h i n g a c t i v i t i e s were n o t e x p e c t e d , one c o l l e g e e x p e c t e d 11-50% of t h e t e a c h i n g h o u r s t o be s p e n t e x t r a i n n o n - t e a c h i n g a c t i v i t i e s . The f o u r c o l l e g e s w h i c h had no p o l i c y on t h i s a l l commented t h a t t h e i n v o l v e m e n t i n n o n - t e a c h i n g a c t i v i t i e s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y depended on t h e t e a c h i n g department and t h e number of c o u r s e s t a u g h t . W i t h i n a c o l l e g e t h e r e c o u l d be t h e r e f o r e an a p p r e c i a b l e d i f f e r e n c e amongst t h e 29 p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n e x t r a t e a c h i n g a c t i v i t i e s . I t was n o t p o s s i b l e , t h e r e f o r e , t o t e s t t h i s h y p o t h e s i s b u t t h e r e i s i n d i c a t i o n i t c o u l d be s u p p o r t e d . H y p o t h e s i s 4. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y have no t e a c h i n g c r e d e n t i a l s ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, No. 8 ) . Each p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y member was asked t o i n d i c a t e c o m p l e t e d l e v e l s o f t e a c h i n g c e r t i f i c a t i o n o r l i c e n s i n g . The f i n d i n g s showed t h a t 68.6% o f t h e 420 r e s p o n d e n t s had a t l e a s t one t e a c h i n g c r e d e n t i a l w i t h 12% p o s s e s s i n g two o r more. The h y p o t h e s i s i s r e j e c t e d ( z - s t a t i s t i c ) . H y p o t h e s i s 5. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y have no p r e v i o u s t e a c h i n g e x p e r i -ence ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, No. 1 4 ) . P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y members were a s k e d i n what e d u c a t i o n a l a r e a s o r i n s t i t u t i o n s t h e y had e v e r t a u g h t , i n c l u d i n g community c o l l e g e s , and t o s t a t e t h e l e n g t h of t i m e s p e n t i n each a r e a . a. 42.1% o f the 420 r e s p o n d e n t s had g r e a t e r t h a n f i v e y e a r s o v e r a l l t e a c h i n g e x p e r i e n c e b u t o n l y 13.4% had g r e a t e r t h a n f i v e y e a r s ' e x p e r i e n c e i n community c o l l e g e s . b. 90.7% o f t h e 420 r e s p o n d e n t s had more t h a n one y e a r o f t e a c h -i n g e x p e r i e n c e and 71.5% had more t h a n one y e a r o f e x p e r i e n c e i n community c o l l e g e s . The h y p o t h e s i s i s r e j e c t e d ( z - s t a t i s t i c ) . T a b l e 4 shows t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r e v i o u s t e a c h i n g e x p e r i e n c e o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a t v a r i o u s e d u c a t i o n a l l e v e l s . The p r o f i l e o f t e a c h i n g e x p e r i e n c e i n t h e above a r e a s v a r i e d s i g -n i f i c a n t l y a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s ( c h i square s t a t i s t i c ) . H y p o t h e s i s 6. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e n o t members o f t h e c o l l e g e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, No. 3 0 ) . 30 T a b l e 4 D i s t r i b u t i o n o f P r e v i o u s T e a c h i n g E x p e r i e n c e o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y P e r c e n t o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y w i t h t e a c h i n g e x p e r i e n c e i n t h i s a r e a C o l l e g e s 76% U n i v e r s i t i e s 35% Secondary S c h o o l s 33% V o c a t i o n a l / T r a d e S c h o o l s 20% E l e m e n t a r y S c h o o l s 19% I n d u s t r y / B u s i n e s s / C o m m e r c e 17% P r o f e s s i o n a l O r g a n i z a t i o n s 13% A d u l t E d u c a t i o n , G e n e r a l I n t e r e s t 4% La b o r E d u c a t i o n 3% Of t h e 420 r e s p o n d e n t s 256 (61.1%) s a i d t h e y were members o f a c o l l e g e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n . Among t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e however ( c h i s q u a r e s t a t i s t i c ) . T h i s d i f f e r e n c e i s due p r i m a r i l y t o F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e and BCIT where i n each c a s e o n l y 41% of p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e members o f t h e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n . The h y p o t h e s i s i s r e j e c t e d ( z - s t a t i s t i c ) . I n two i n s t i t u t i o n s , BCIT and W I / K i n g Edward, 35% and 30% r e s p e c t i v e l y o f a l l r e s p o n d e n t s s a i d t h e y weren't s u r e whether o r n o t the y b e l o n g e d t o t h e c o l l e g e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n . 31 H y p o t h e s i s 7. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e n o t e l i g i b l e f o r membership i n t h e c o l l e g e ' s f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B, Nos. 3, 4 ) . On l y i n one i n s t i t u t i o n , BCIT, a r e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y n o t e l i g i b l e f o r membership. I n a l l t h e o t h e r s t h e y a r e e l i g i b l e i f t h e y t e a c h h a l f o f a f u l l l o a d o r more. Among community c o l l e g e s t h e h y p o t h e s i s i s r e j e c t e d . H y p o t h e s i s 8. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y do n o t t e a c h i n one c o l l e g e f o r l o n g e r t h a n one semester ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, No. 1 7 ) . T h i s q u e s t i o n was a s k e d i n o r d e r t o g i v e some i d e a o f t h e t u r n o v e r o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n c o l l e g e s . O n l y 30.0% of t h e r e s p o n d e n t s t a u g h t f o r l e s s t h a n one y e a r w i t h t h e m a j o r i t y (32%) t e a c h i n g between one t o two y e a r s . F u r t h e r m o r e , 83.5% o f t h e r e s p o n d e n t s had t a u g h t t h e same c o u r s e a t l e a s t two t i m e s i n one community c o l l e g e , a l t h o u g h t h i s may n o t have been i n c o n s e c u t i v e s e m e s t e r s . The h y p o t h e s i s i s r e j e c t e d ( z - s t a t i s t i c ) . Among t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e i s no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s ( c h i s q u a r e s t a t i s t i c ) . H y p o t h e s i s 9. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y l i v e w i t h i n one-hour d r i v e o f the p l a c e i n w h i c h t h e y t e a c h ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, No. 4 ) . The r e l a t i o n s h i p between a v a i l a b i l i t y o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y and the t i m e i t t a k e s them t o g e t t o t h e c o l l e g e i s i m p o r t a n t e s p e c i a l l y f o r c o l l e g e s s e r v i n g l a r g e g e o g r a p h i c a l a r e a s . Of a l l t h e r e s p o n d e n t s 96% s a i d t h e y l i v e d w i t h i n a one-hour d r i v e from t h e c o l l e g e . There i s a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e t r a v e l t i m e p r o f i l e among t h e c o l l e g e s ( c h i square s t a t i s t i c ) . 32 H y p o t h e s i s 10. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h m a i n l y the e v e n i n g c o u r s e s — a f t e r 4 p.m. ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, No. 1 9 ) . Of a l l r e s p o n d e n t s , 38.3% t e a c h a f t e r 4 p.m. T h i s p e r c e n t a g e i s s i g n i f i c a n t l y d i f f e r e n t from t h e p e r c e n t a g e s r e s p o n d i n g t o t h e o t h e r t i m e s l o t s . T h i s h y p o t h e s i s i s a c c e p t e d ( z - s t a t i s t i c ) . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e i s a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s ( c h i s q u a r e s t a t i s t i c ) . When as k e d what t i m e i n t e r v a l t h e y w o u l d p r e f e r t o t e a c h i n , 45.4% r e p l i e d t h e y w o u l d p r e f e r between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. T h i s p e r c e n t a g e was s i g n i f i c a n t l y d i f f e r e n t f r o m t h e p e r c e n t a g e s r e s p o n d i n g t o t h e o t h e r t i m e i n t e r v a l s . H y p o t h e s i s 11. I n academic c r e d i t programs p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h p r i m a r i l y i n n o n - l a b o r a t o r y o r i e n t e d c o u r s e s ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, No. 2 1 ) . Of t h o s e sampled, 65.7% t a u g h t n o n - l a b o r a t o r y o r i e n t e d c o u r s e s . T h i s h y p o t h e s i s i s a c c e p t e d ( z - s t a t i s t i c ) . Among t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e i s a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o -p o r t i o n s f o r each c o l l e g e ( c h i s q u a r e s t a t i s t i c ) . H y p o t h e s i s 12. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y r e c e i v e p r o p o r t i o n a l l y l e s s s a l a r y t h a n f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y members f o r t h e same amount o f c l a s s r o o m t e a c h i n g (Appendix B and Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B, No. 6 ) . A t BCIT and VCC p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y were p a i d by c o u r s e s i n p r o p o r -t i o n t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y pay s c a l e s and g i v e n c r e d i t f o r r e l a t e d work e x p e r i e n c e . They n e g o t i a t e d t h e i r i n i t i a l p l a c e on t h e s a l a r y g r i d . E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e p a i d i n p r o p o r t i o n t o Step 1 on t h e f u l l -t i m e g r i d b u t gave no c r e d i t f o r r e l a t e d work e x p e r i e n c e . There was no p r o g r e s s i o n beyond Step 1. 33 C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e p a i d i n p r o p o r t i o n t o t h e f u l l - t i m e g r i d b u t gave no c r e d i t f o r r e l a t e d work e x p e r i e n c e . T h i s p r o g r e s s e d o n l y t o Step 4 o f a 12 - s t e p s c a l e . D o u glas C o l l e g e p a i d t w o - t h i r d s of t h e g r i d and gave no c r e d i t f o r r e l a t e d work e x p e r i e n c e . A s e p a r a t e 1 1 - s t e p s c a l e e x i s t s f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e has two c o n t r a c t r a t e s t h e h i g h e s t o f w h i c h i s about 1/10 t h e l o w e s t s t e p on t h e f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y s a l a r y g r i d . B o t h r a t e s a r e i n c r e a s e d a t t h e p l e a s u r e o f the c o l l e g e however and a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y i n c r e m e n t e d w i t h t h e f a c u l t y g r i d . No c r e d i t i s g i v e n f o r r e l a t e d work e x p e r i e n c e . O n l y i f a p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y has no r e l a t e d work e x p e r i e n c e can i t be s a i d t h a t he i s t r u l y g e t t i n g p a i d p r o p o r t i o n a l t o a f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y member on a c o u r s e b a s i s . He w o u l d have t o s t a r t on t h e l o w e s t s t e p o f the s a l a r y g r i d w h i c h i s where f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y w i t h no work e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y s t a r t . T h e r e a f t e r p a r i t y d i m i n i s h e s . I f n o t a f t e r t h e f i r s t s e mester t h e n c e r t a i n l y a f t e r r e a c h i n g a g r i d p l a t e a u l e s s t h a n t h a t a t t a i n a b l e by f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . D i s p a r i t y e x i s t s i m m e d i a t e l y i n a l l c o l l e g e s f o r t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y w i t h r e l a t e d work e x p e r i e n c e , e x c e p t a t VCC where t h e y c o u l d t h e o r e t i c a l l y s t a r t a t t h e same l e v e l a s a f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y member w i t h e q u a l r e a l t e d w o r k i n g e x p e r i e n c e . S u b j e c t t o t h e s e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s t h e h y p o t h e s i s i s a c c e p t e d . H y p o t h e s i s 13. There i s no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e b a s i c s a l a r y s c a l e s f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y among t h e c o l l e g e s s e l e c t e d i n t h e s t u d y . 34 Measurements a r e b a s e d on t h e minimums o f each c o l l e g e ' s s a l a r y s c a l e . I n some c o l l e g e s a p r o g r e s s i o n s c a l e e x i s t s w h i l e i n o t h e r s t h e r e i s o n l y one f i x e d r a t e . T a b l e 5 l i s t s t h e b a s i c s a l a r y s c a l e s f o r each c o l l e g e . T a b l e 5 S a l a r y S c a l e s by C o l l e g e f o r P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y $ / C r e d i t Hour 21 16 12 9 10 13 13 13.49 = Mean (X) C o l l e g e BCIT C a p i l a n o D o uglas E a s t Kootenay F r a s e r V a l l e y VCC-Langara VCC-VVI/King Edward BCIT and E a s t Kootenay have s i g n i f i c a n t l y d i f f e r e n t s a l a r y s c a l e s a t t h e 0.05 l e v e l . T h e r e f o r e t h e h y p o t h e s i s i s r e j e c t e d ( s t u d e n t ' s t -d i s t r i b u t i o n c o n f i d e n c e i n t e r v a l ) . H y p o t h e s i s 14. There i s no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e r a t i o o f p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y members among t h e c o l l e g e s s e l e c t e d i n t h i s s t u d y . The a v e r a g e o f t h e p a r t - t i m e / f u l l - t i m e r a t i o s f o r t h e s p r i n g and f a l l s e m e s t e r s o f 1977 a r e summarized i n T a b l e 6. 35 T a b l e 6 Ave r a g e P a r t - T i m e / F u l l - T i m e R a t i o S p r i n g and F a l l Semester 1977 C o l l e g e A v e r a g e P a r t - T i m e / F u l l - T i m e R a t i o BCIT 0.193 C a p i l a n o 1.75 Douglas 1.14 E a s t Kootenay (no d a t a ) F r a s e r V a l l e y 1.00 VCC-Langara 0.55 V C C - W I / K i n g Edward 0.809 BCIT and C a p i l a n o have s i g n i f i c a n t l y d i f f e r e n t s a l a r y s c a l e s . The h y p o t h e s i s i s r e j e c t e d ( s t u d e n t t - d i s t r i b u t i o n c o n f i d e n c e i n t e r v a l ) . H y p o t h e s i s 15. There i s no f o r m a l i z e d h i r i n g p o l i c y a p p l y i n g t o p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B, No. 1 8 ) . C o l l e g e s were asked t o i n d i c a t e w h e t h e r t h e r e was a h i r i n g p o l i c y d e s c r i b e d i n t h e f a c u l t y agreement. a. Three c o l l e g e s s a i d t h e y do n o t f o l l o w a f o r m a l i z e d p o l i c y — E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e , F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e and VCC-WI/ K i n g Edward. b. Four c o l l e g e s s a i d t h e y d i d f o l l o w a f o r m a l i z e d h i r i n g p o l i c y . Of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y , 92% s a i d t h e y were i n t e r v i e w e d f o r a p o s i t i o n . T h i s does n o t i n d i c a t e t h e e x i s t e n c e o f a f o r m a l i z e d h i r i n g p o l i c y b u t i t does i m p l y t h a t some p r o c e d u r e i s b e i n g f o l l o w e d . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s o n l y BCIT was s i g n i f i c a n t l y d i f f e r e n t ( l o w e r ) i n the number 36 of p e o p l e i n t e r v i e w e d f o r a p o s i t i o n . The e v i d e n c e seems t o s u p p o r t t h e e x i s t e n c e o f h i r i n g p o l i c i e s though t h e s e may n o t be s t a t e d i n f a c u l t y agreements. The h y p o t h e s i s t h e r e f o r e does n o t seem s u p p o r t a b l e . H y p o t h e s i s 16. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y g e t l e s s a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s u p p o r t s e r v i c e s t h a n f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B, Nos. 11 t o 1 7 ) . Each c o l l e g e was a s k e d i f c e r t a i n a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s e r v i c e s a v a i l -a b l e t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y were a l s o a v a i l a b l e t o p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . Seven major c a t e g o r i e s o f s e r v i c e s were s e l e c t e d . These were: s e r v i c e s from l i b r a r y s t a f f , b o o k s t o r e p r u c h a s i n g p r i v i l e g e s , a v a i l a b i l i t y o f l a b o r a t o r y t e c h n i c i a n a s s i s t a n t s , a v a i l a b i l i t y o f m a r k i n g a s s i s t a n c e , a u d i o - v i s u a l equipment s i g n o u t p r i v i l e g e s , e l i g i b i l i t y f o r e n r o l l i n g as a s t u d e n t i n o t h e r c r e d i t c o u r s e s , and a v a i l a b i l i t y o f c o p y i n g and p r i n t i n g p r i v i l e g e s . O n ly F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e was s i g n i f i c a n t l y d i f f e r e n t t h a n t h e o t h e r s w i t h t h r e e c a t e g o r i e s out o f t h e seven where s e r v i c e s t o p a r t -t i m e f a c u l t y were n o t t h e same as t h o s e f o r f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . A l l o t h e r i n s t i t u t i o n s had.one c a t e g o r y o r l e s s where s e r v i c e was n o t t h e same. The h y p o t h e s i s i s r e j e c t e d on t h e b a s i s o f t h e i n f o r m a t i o n r e c e i v e d f r o m c o l l e g e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n s . I n one c a t e g o r y ' e l i g i b i l i t y f o r e n r o l l i n g a s a s t u d e n t i n o t h e r c r e d i t c o u r s e s ' , t h r e e c o l l e g e s ( D o u g l a s , E a s t Kootenay and F r a s e r V a l l e y ) i n d i c a t e d t h i s s e r v i c e was a v a i l a b l e t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y b u t n o t t o p a r t -t i m e f a c u l t y . Of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 45% s a i d t h e y had been g i v e n no o f f i c e d esk t o work a t ; 29% i n d i c a t e d t h e y had n o t been a s s i g n e d a m a i l box; 37 29% s a i d t h e y had n o t r e c e i v e d o u t l i n e s o f t h e c o u r s e t h e y were t o t e a c h ; 41% had n o t been i n v i t e d t o a t t e n d p r o f e s s i o n a l development programs i n t h e c o l l e g e s ( a l t h o u g h i t i s i n t e r e s t i n g t o n o t e t h a t o f t h o s e who were i n v i t e d 31% d i d n o t a t t e n d ) . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e ( c h i - s q u a r e s t a t i s t i c ) i n t h e p r o v i s i o n of a desk, a m a i l b o x , and i n t h e degree t o w h i c h p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y were i n v i t e d t o a t t e n d p r o f e s s i o n a l development programs. H y p o t h e s i s 17. The p e r c e n t a g e o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i s i n c r e a s i n g ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B, No. 5 - Time A n a l y s i s ) . Only f r o m between s p r i n g 1976 and f a l l 1977were c o m p l e t e d a t a a v a i l a b l e f r o m a l l t h e c o l l e g e s . T h i s spans s i x s e m e s t e r s ( i n c l u d i n g summer). Graph 9 i n A p p e n d i x I shows t h e t r e n d t o be a p p r o x i m a t e l y l i n e a r i f summer s e m e s t e r s a r e o m i t t e d . T a b l e 7 l i s t s the change i n numbers o f p a r t - t i m e a t each c o l l e g e between s u c c e s s i v e s p r i n g and f a l l s e m e s t e r s o f 1976 and 1977. R e s t r i c t i n g c a l c u l a t i o n s t o 1976-1977 f o r s i m i l a r s e m e s t e r s , t h e r e i s an i n c r e a s e i n t h e p e r c e n t o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n e v e r y c o l l e g e  f o r each semester e x c e p t one (BCIT f a l l s e m e s t e r s ) t h e r e f o r e t h e h y p o t h e s i s i s a c c e p t e d . H y p o t h e s i s 18. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h m a i n l y i n academic ( u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r ) programs ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, No. 1 3 ) . T h i r t y - t h r e e (33%) o f a l l r e s p o n d e n t s t a u g h t i n academic u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r programs. T h i s compares w i t h 31% who t a u g h t i n t e c h n i c a l / v o c a t i o n a l / t r a d e s t r a i n i n g programs. I n o n l y two c o l l e g e s d i d t h e number exceed 50% i n academic t r a n s f e r programs-^-Fraser V a l l e y w i t h 64% and T a b l e 7 Change i n Number o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y S p r i n g '76 t o F a l l '77 D i f f e r e n c e Between Semesters o f E a s t F r a s e r VCC VCC BCIT C a p i l a n o Douglas T, _ T 7 1 . T T T T T T / ^ -c ° Kootenay V a l l e y L a n g a r a W I / K x n g Ed TOTAL S p r i n g '76 and Change i n S p r i n g '77 numbers 84-86 114-117 109-160 NO 47-52 93-99 182-182 629-706 % change +2.3% +11% +46.7% +10.6% +6.5% 0% +12.2% F a l l '76 and F a l l '77 Change i n numbers 85-72 130-141 148-168 DATA 57-73 84-91 166-174 670-719 % change -15% +8% +13.5% +28% +8.3% +4.8% +7.3% co 39 VCC-Langara w i t h 62%. A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f -f e r e n c e i n t h e s e p r o p o r t i o n s ( c h i s q u a r e s t a t i s t i c ) . The e v i d e n c e i n d i c a t e s o n l y a s l i g h t l y l a r g e r p e r c e n t a g e o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n academic u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r programs th a n i n o t h e r programs t h e r e f o r e t h e h y p o t h e s i s i s r e j e c t e d . H y p o t h e s i s 19. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h s u b j e c t s t h a t a r e d i r e c t l y c o n n e c t e d w i t h t h e i r p r e s e n t work ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, No. 2 3 ) . F a c u l t y a n s w e r i n g t h i s q u e s t i o n i n d i c a t e d t h a t t e a c h i n g was n o t t h e i r p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e o f income. They number 179 o r 42.6% o f t h e t o t a l number of r e s p o n d e n t s . Of t h i s number, 78% s a i d t h e i r p r e s e n t work e x p e r i e n c e c o n t r i b u t e d d i r e c t l y t o t h e c o n t e n t of t h e c o u r s e s t h e y were t e a c h i n g . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e s e p r o p o r t i o n s . The h y p o t h e s i s i s a c c e p t e d . H y p o t h e s i s 20. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y do n o t depend on t e a c h i n g i n c o l l e g e s f o r t h e i r main s o u r c e o f income ( Q u e s t i o n n a i r e A, No. 6 ) . Of a l l r e s p o n d e n t s 54% s a i d t h e i r p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e o f income was from t e a c h i n g i n c o l l e g e s . On t h e s u p p o s i t i o n t h e r e i s a 50% p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t a p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y member d e r i v e s t h e i r p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e of income from t h e c o l l e g e s , t h e above h y p o t h e s i s i s a c c e p t e d ( z - s t a t i s t i c ) . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s ( c h i - s q u a r e d s t a t i s t i c ) . THE PROFILE OF THE PART-TIME FACULTY MEMBER The a c q u i r e d d a t a were a n a l y z e d f o r p r o f i l e p a t t e r n s among t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y members, who r e s p o n d e d t o t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e , w i t h r e s p e c t t o : p e r s o n a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , academic and p r o f e s s i o n a l 40 q u a l i f i c a t i o n s , work e x p e r i e n c e , t e a c h i n g e x p e r i e n c e , i n s t i t u t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s and, m o t i v a t i o n s f o r t e a c h i n g . P e r s o n a l C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s Age. Of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 96% a r e between 25 and 60 y e a r s o f age. T h i s i n d i c a t e s t h a t r e c e n t u n i v e r s i t y g r a d u a t e s ( l e s s t h a n 25 y e a r s o f age) and r e t i r e d o r s e m i - r e t i r e d p e o p l e ( g r e a t e r t h a n 60 y e a r s o f age) a r e n o t i n v o l v e d t o any g r e a t e x t e n t i n p a r t - t i m e c o l l e g e t e a c h i n g . The age p r o p o r t i o n s a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e were n o t s i g n i f i c a n t l y d i f f e r e n t . Sex. Of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 56.5% a r e male. There a r e s i g n i f i -c a n t d i f f e r e n c e s i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s a c r o s s the c o l l e g e s w i t h t h e l a r g e s t number of males a t BCIT and W I (83.6% and 70.0% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) and t h e l a r g e s t number o f f e m a l e s a t VCC/King Edward and Douglas C o l l e g e (66.2% and 52.6% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . T r a v e l t i m e t o c o l l e g e . Whether t h e y were coming from home o r a n o t h e r p l a c e o f work, about 95% o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t o o k an hour o r l e s s t o g e t t o t h e c o l l e g e . About 25% t o o k 15 m i n u t e s o r l e s s . There was no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e s e p r o p o r t i o n s a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s . T h i s would i n d i c a t e t h a t i f a c o l l e g e i s l o o k i n g f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i t may have a c c e s s o n l y t o t h o s e l i v i n g w i t h i n an h o u r ' s d r i v i n g d i s t a n c e f r o m t h e c o l l e g e . Incomes. Of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 54% s a i d t h e i r p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e o f income was f r o m . t e a c h i n g i n c o l l e g e s . There i s an a p p r e c i a b l e d i f f e r e n c e i n a n n u a l income between t h o s e who do and t h o s e who do n o t 41 get t h e i r main income f r o m c o l l e g e t e a c h i n g . Of t h o s e who do, 82.8% make $20,000 o r l e s s compared w i t h 50.3% o f t h e o t h e r group who e a r n i n t h i s r a n g e . Of t h o s e who do, 15.2% make between $20,000 and $30,000 compared w i t h 35.1% o f t h e o t h e r group. The p a t t e r n o f t o t a l a n n u a l incomes a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s was s i g n i f i c a n t l y d i f f e r e n t w i t h t h e number e a r n i n g more t h a n $30,000 b e i n g l a r g e s t a t BCIT and E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e ( 2 0 % and 12.5% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) , and t h e number e a r n i n g l e s s t h a n $10,000 b e i n g g r e a t e s t a t VCC/King Edward and F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e (53.7% and 43.8% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . Academic and P r o f e s s i o n a l Q u a l i f i c a t i o n s The f i g u r e s f r o m t h i s s t u d y on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y were s i m i l a r t o t h o s e g i v e n f o r f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y i n t h e B.C. P o s t Secondary S t a t i s t i c s R e p o r t o f 1977. The f i g u r e s a r e shown i n T a b l e 8. • T a b l e 8 H i g h e s t E d u c a t i o n a l A t t a i n m e n t D o c t o r a t e M a s t e r s ; B a c h e l o r s O t h e r s F u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y * 11% 41% 25% 22.8% P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y o f t h i s s t u d y 5.5% 37.6% 27.6% 29.3% *From t h e B.C. Department o f E d u c a t i o n P o s t S econdary S t a t i s t i c s , 1976-1977. The o n l y l a r g e d i f f e r e n c e i s i n t h e number o f f a c u l t y p o s s e s s i n g a d o c t o r a t e . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s o f f a c u l t y a t t h e d i f f e r e n t l e v e l s o f q u a l i f i c a t i o n s . VCC-Langara had t h e h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f f a c u l t y w i t h d o c t o r a t e and 42 m a s t e r ' s d e g r e e s (14 . 3 % and 55.1% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) w h i l e b o t h VCC-WI and E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e had t h e l o w e s t number o f d o c t o r a t e s (none each) w i t h VCC-WI and BCIT h a v i n g t h e l o w e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f m a s t e r ' s degrees (15 % and 23% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . T e a c h i n g c e r t i f i c a t i o n . Of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 31.4% had no t e a c h i n g c e r t i f i c a t e o f any k i n d ; 56.2% had one t e a c h i n g c e r t i f i c a t e ; 12.4% had more t h a n one t e a c h i n g c e r t i f i c a t e . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s . F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e and C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e had t h e h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y w i t h no t e a c h i n g c e r t i f i c a t e ( 5 6 % and 44% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . VCC-King Edward and E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e had t h e h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f p a r t -t i m e f a c u l t y w i t h a t l e a s t one t e a c h i n g c e r t i f i c a t e ( 7 4% and 63% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . Work E x p e r i e n c e P r e s e n t a r e a o f work. There was a f a i r l y even d i s t r i b u t i o n o f work ba c k g r o u n d among p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . The m a j o r i t y came from t h e c a t e g o r i e s o f b u s i n e s s and commerce ( 2 6 . 5 % ) , s e l f - e m p l o y e d n o n - s p e c i f i c (17.5%) and i n s t i t u t i o n a l ( 1 7 . 1 % ) . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s . BCIT and VCC-King Edward had t h e h i g h e s t and l o w e s t p e r c e n t a g e s i n t h e o r d e r among t h e c o l l e g e s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n B u s i n e s s and Commerce w i t h 47% and 6% r e s p e c t i v e l y ; C a p i l a n o and VCC-King Edward i n s e l f - e m p l o y e d p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y w i t h 27% and 13% r e s p e c t i v e l y ; VCC-King Edward and BCIT i n f a c u l t y f r o m o t h e r i n s t i t u t i o n s w i t h 56% and 3% r e s p e c t i v e l y . 43 Y e a r s of work e x p e r i e n c e ( o u t s i d e o f c o l l e g e t e a c h i n g ) . F o r t h o s e whose p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e o f income i s n o t f r o m c o l l e g e t e a c h i n g , 44.3% have between 3 t o 10 y e a r s of work e x p e r i e n c e o u t s i d e of c o l l e g e t e a c h i n g , and 50.2% have 11 y e a r s o r more. A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e s e p r o p o r t i o n s . P r e s e n t employment s t a t u s . The l a r g e s t number of p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y (32.4%) were i n t h e e m p l o y e e - m a n a g e r i a l a r e a , f o l l o w e d c l o s e l y (25.9%) by t h o s e who a r e owners o r p a r t owners o f b u s i n e s s e s . A s i g n i f i c a n t number (13.5%) i n d i c a t e d t h e y were a c t i v e l y s e e k i n g new j o b s . P r e s u mably many o f t h e s e were i n c l u d e d i n t h e number (57.9%) o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y who s a i d t h e y w o u l d a c c e p t o f f e r s o f f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n s i f t h e y c o u l d n e g o t i a t e a s a t i s f a c t o r y s t a r t i n g s a l a r y commensurate w i t h t h e i r e x p e r i e n c e and c r e d e n t i a l s . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e p r o f i l e o f employment was s i g n i f i c a n t l y d i f f e r e n t . BCIT and VCC-King Edward had t h e h i g h e s t and l o w e s t p e r c e n t -ages of p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y f r o m e m p l o y e e - m a n a g e r i a l s t a t u s w i t h 48% and 6% r e s p e c t i v e l y ; VCC-WI and E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e i n p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y who a r e owners-_or p a r t owners of a b u s i n e s s w i t h 40% and 10% r e s p e c t i v e l y ; E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e and C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e i n p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y who a r e a c t i v e l y s e e k i n g new p o s i t i o n s w i t h 30% and 0% r e s p e c t i v e l y . T e a c h i n g E x p e r i e n c e A r e a s o f t e a c h i n g . Many p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y (29.8%) had t a u g h t i n c o l l e g e s . The n e x t most f r e q u e n t c a t e g o r i e s of r e s p o n s e were g e n e r a l i n t e r e s t c o u r s e s i n a d u l t e d u c a t i o n (13.9%) and u n i v e r s i t i e s (13.7%) and s e c o n d a r y s c h o o l s ( 1 3 . 4 % ) . Few had any t e a c h i n g e x p e r i e n c e i n v o c a t i o n a l 44 or t r a d e s c h o o l s (8.4%) or i n d u s t r y , b u s i n e s s , commerce ( 6 . 8 % ) , o r l a b o r e d u c a t i o n ( 1 . 0 % ) . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e s e p r o p o r t i o n s . A t VCC-King Edward, f o r example, 2 1 % had t a u g h t s e c o n d a r y s c h o o l l e v e l c o u r s e s compared t o 2% a t VCC-WI. A t VCC-L a n g a r a 22% had t a u g h t u n i v e r s i t y l e v e l c o u r s e s compared t o 7% a t E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e . T e a c h i n g e x p e r i e n c e o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y seems q u i t e d i v e r s e . O n ly 19.4% s a i d t h e y had t a u g h t s o l e l y i n c o l l e g e s , w h i l e 44.2% had t a u g h t a t l e a s t i n s e c o n d a r y s c h o o l s and c o l l e g e s . Of a l l t h e r e s p o n d e n t s 19.8% had t a u g h t a t l e a s t i n i n d u s t r y as w e l l as c o l l e g e s , w h i l e 7.4% had t a u g h t a t l e a s t i n v o c a t i o n a l s c h o o l s and u n i v e r s i t i e s as w e l l as c o l l e g e s . C u r r i c u l u m a r e a s i n w h i c h p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h . T h i r t y - t h r e e p e r c e n t (33%) o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t a u g h t u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r s u b j e c t s , w h i l e 30.7% t a u g h t t e c h n i c a l / v o c a t i o n a l s u b j e c t s . The p r o p o r t i o n o f s e c t i o n s t a u g h t may n o t be i n t h e same r a t i o however. Those t e a c h i n g n o n - l a b o r a t o r y c o u r s e s may be a s s i g n e d more s e c t i o n s t h a n t h o s e who t e a c h c o u r s e s w i t h l a b o r a t o r y components. The s t u d y y i e l d e d no d a t a on t h e number o f c o u r s e s and s e c t i o n s o f c o u r s e s t a u g h t b y p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s t e a c h i n g u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r s u b j e c t s and t h o s e t e a c h i n g i n t e c h n i c a l / v o c a t i o n a l programs. F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e and VCC-Langara had t h e l a r g e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n t h e forme r a r e a (64.4% and 63.3% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . BCIT and VCC-WI had t h e l a r g e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f t h o s e t e a c h i n g i n t e c h n i c a l / v o c a t i o n a l programs ( 8 5 . 3 % and 85.0% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . 45 Y e a r s of t e a c h i n g . e x p e r i e n c e I n a l l a r e a s . Of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 42.4% had more t h a n f i v e y e a r s of t e a c h i n g e x p e r i e n c e , w h i l e 72% had more t h a n t h r e e y e a r s . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e s e p r o p o r t i o n s . Y e a r s o f t e a c h i n g i n community c o l l e g e s . I n c o n t r a s t t o t h e p r e v i o u s s t a t i s t i c , o n l y 13.2% of p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y had more t h a n f i v e y e a r s ' t e a c h i n g e x p e r i e n c e i n c o l l e g e s , and 43.4% had more t h a n t h r e e y e a r s . T h i s may be due p a r t l y t o t h e c o m p a r a t i v e l y r e c e n t a r r i v a l o f c o l l e g e s on t h e e d u c a t i o n a l scene i n B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , b u t i t a l s o s u g -g e s t s t h e l i k e l i h o o d t h a t many p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y have a l r e a d y t a u g h t , o r a r e s t i l l t e a c h i n g i n o t h e r e d u c a t i o n a l i n s t i t u t i o n s b e s i d e s c o l l e g e s . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s . VCC-Langara had t h e l a r g e s t p e r c e n t a g e o f t h o s e w i t h more th a n f i v e y e a r s ' e x p e r i e n c e (22.4%) and BCIT had t h e l a r g e s t number of th o s e w i t h no p r e v i o u s e x p e r i e n c e ( 1 0 % ) . Number o f i n s t i t u t i o n s f o r whom w o r k i n g . L e s s t h a n 13% o f p a r t -t i m e f a c u l t y s a i d t h e y were under c o n t r a c t t o two o r more i n s t i t u t i o n s a t one t i m e , w h i l e 27.8% s a i d t h e y had no c o n t r a c t s a t a l l . These l a s t d a t a a r e due p r o b a b l y t o t h e f a c t t h a t t h e s t u d y c o v e r e d a two-year p e r i o d and i n c l u d e d some r e s p o n d e n t s whose c o u r s e o r c o u r s e s had n o t y e t r e c y c l e d o r who had d e c i d e d n o t t o t e a c h a g a i n . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e s e p r o p o r t i o n s . L o n g e s t t i m e i n one c o l l e g e . Of the p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 61.9% had t a u g h t l e s s t h a n two y e a r s i n c o l l e g e s . T h i s i m p l i e s a r a t h e r l a r g e 46 t u r n o v e r r a t e . VCC-WI and Douglas C o l l e g e had t h e h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e o f t h o s e w i t h more tha n f i v e y e a r s i n one c o l l e g e (15.8% and 12% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) , w h i l e BCIT and VCC-King Edward had t h e h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e o f t h o s e w i t h l e a s t number o f y e a r s i n one c o l l e g e (35.0% and 33.8% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e s e p r o p o r t i o n s . Number o f t i m e s r e p e a t i n g t h e same c o u r s e i n one c o l l e g e . Of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 61.6% have t a u g h t t h e same c o u r s e t h r e e t i m e s o r more i n one c o l l e g e . S i n c e t h e m a j o r i t y o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y (61.9%) s t a y two y e a r s o r l e s s a t one c o l l e g e t h i s c o u l d i m p l y t h a t most p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e g i v e n a c o u r s e t h a t e s p e c i a l l y s u i t s t h e i r s k i l l s o r , p e r h a p s more l i k e l y , a r e g i v e n c o u r s e s t h a t f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y do n o t w i s h t o t e a c h f o r one r e a s o n o r a n o t h e r . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s . VCC and BCIT had t h e g r e a t e s t , p e r c e n t a g e s o f t h o s e who r e p e a t e d t h e same s u b j e c t t h r e e t i m e s o r more ( 7 2 % and 65% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . T e a c h i n g h o u r s . F o r t y (40%) o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h a f t e r 4 p.m. b u t 50.5% s a i d t h e y w o u l d p r e f e r t o t e a c h b e f o r e 4 p.m. W i t h t h e e x c e p t i o n o f BCIT, where 62.3% w o u l d p r e f e r t o t e a c h a f t e r 4 p.m., t h e r e seems t o be a p r e f e r e n c e f o r e a r l i e r h o u r s * T h i s i s c o n s i s t e n t w i t h t h e i n c r e a s i n g number o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y who depend on p a r t - t i m e t e a c h i n g as t h e i r main s o u r c e o f income and t h e w i l l i n g n e s s of a l m o s t 57% t o a c c e p t a f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n of t e a c h i n g h o u r s and p r e f e r e n c e s i n t e a c h i n g h o u r s . 47 A t VCC-WI f o r example, 16% o f t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t a u g h t b e f o r e 10 a.m. compared t o 0% a t E a s t Kootenay. A t VCC-King Edward 62% t a u g h t between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. compared t o 21% a t BCIT. A t BCIT 62% t a u g h t a f t e r 4 p.m. compared t o 5% a t VCC-WI. L a b o r a t o r y r e l a t e d c o u r s e s . Of t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 66% t a u g h t i n n o n - l a b o r a t o r y r e l a t e d c o u r s e s . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s . VCC-WI had t h e h i g h e s t p e r -c entage t e a c h i n g l a b o r a t o r y - o r i e n t e d c o u r s e s ( 6 5 % ) . VCC-King Edward had t h e l o w e s t p e r c e n t a g e ( 1 9 . 1 % ) . A v a i l a b i l i t y o f t e c h n i c i a n a s s i s t a n t s i n l a b o r a t o r y c o u r s e s . Of the p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 48.5% s a i d t h e y had t e c h n i c i a n a s s i s t a n t s . The h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e s were a t VCC-Langara and BCIT (60.9% and 55.0% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e and E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e had t h e h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f t h o s e who had no t e c h n i c i a n a s s i s t a n t s (63.6% and 57.1% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . F u r t h e r m o r e 14.5% o f a l l p a r t - t i m e . f a c u l t y t e a c h i n g l a b o r a t o r y c o u r s e s were n o t s u r e whether t h e y had a s s i s t a n t s o r n o t . C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e was t h e h i g h e s t o f t h e s e w i t h 24.1%. A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s . R e l e v a n c e o f work e x p e r i e n c e t o t e a c h i n g i n c o l l e g e s . Of t h e r e s p o n d e n t s 79.2% s a i d t h e i r work e x p e r i e n c e c o n t r i b u t e d d i r e c t l y t o t h e c o n t e n t o f t h e c o u r s e t h e y were t e a c h i n g . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s . 48 A v a i l a b i l i t y o f a s s i s t a n c e f o r m a r k i n g p a p e r s and l a b o r a t o r y r e p o r t s . Of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 84.5% s a i d t h e y had no a s s i s t a n c e from t h e c o l l e g e f o r m a r k i n g p a p e r s o r l a b o r a t o r y r e p o r t s . There was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r -ence i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s a c r o s s the c o l l e g e s s u c h t h a t BCIT and L a n g a r a had t h e l a r g e s t p e r c e n t a g e s where a s s i s t a n c e was n o t a v a i l a b l e ( 9 0 . 2 % and 90.8% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . I n s t i t u t i o n a l R e l a t i o n s I n v i t e d t o a t t e n d p r o f e s s i o n a l development programs. Of t h e f a c u l t y 59.4% s a i d t h e y had been i n v i t e d t o a t t e n d c o l l e g e p r o f e s s i o n a l d e v e l o p -ment programs. There was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s . VCC-King Edward and D o u g l a s C o l l e g e had t h e h i g h e s t number o f r e p l i e s of t h o s e who s a i d t h e y were i n v i t e d ( 8 3 . 3 % and 63.3% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) , w h i l e VCC-VVI and F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e had t h e h i g h e s t number of t h o s e who s a i d t h e y were n o t i n v i t e d (65.0% and 53.8% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . Of t h o s e who were i n v i t e d t o a t t e n d p r o f e s s i o n a l d e v e l o p -ment programs, o n l y 69.7% a c t u a l l y a t t e n d e d . I n t h i s r e g a r d t h e r e was no s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e a c r o s s the c o l l e g e s . I t w o u l d be i n t e r e s t i n g t o compare t h i s f i g u r e w i t h t h e p e r c e n t a g e of f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y who a t t e n d and t h o s e who do n o t . I n f o r m e d o f c o n d i t i o n s o f employment. Of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 70.9% s a i d t h e y were i n f o r m e d o f t h e c o l l e g e ' s c o n d i t i o n s o f employment, b u t t h i s v a r i e d s i g n i f i c a n t l y a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s . BCIT and VCC-Langara r a n k e d h i g h e s t i n making t h i s i n f o r m a t i o n known (82.0% and 75.5% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) , w h i l e F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e and E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e had t h e h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e s of t h o s e who s a i d t h e y were n o t i n f o r m e d ( 4 6 . 2 % and 43.8% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . E i g h t y (80.0%) o f a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y s a i d 49 t h e y knew of t h e e x i s t e n c e of such p o l i c i e s , so i t w o u l d appear t h a t t h e c o l l e g e s had n o t t r a n s m i t t e d them t o t h e i r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . There was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n r e s p o n s e s a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s . BCIT and C a p i l a n o had ,the h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e - o f ' i n f o r m e d ' f a c u l t y ( 9 0 % ) , w h i l e F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e and E a s t K ootenay C o l l e g e had t h e l o w e s t p e r c e n t -ages (53.8% and 40.0% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . I n t e r v i e w e d f o r p a r t - t i m e t e a c h i n g . Of a l l t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 88% s a i d t h e y were i n t e r v i e w e d f o r p a r t - t i m e t e a c h i n g p o s i t i o n s . The p e r c e n t a g e s v a r i e d s i g n i f i c a n t l y a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s . C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e and VCC-Langara had the h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f t h o s e i n t e r v i e w e d (96.8% and 93.9% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) , w h i l e BCIT and E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e had t h e l o w e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f t h o s e i n t e r v i e w e d (67.2% and 80.0% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . Membership i n t h e c o l l e g e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s . Of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 60.5% s a i d they were members of t h e i r c o l l e g e s ' f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s b u t t h e p e r c e n t a g e s v a r i e d s i g n i f i c a n t l y a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s . VCC-Langara and C a p i l a n o had t h e h i g h e s t numbers o f members (93.9% and 76.2% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) , w h i l e E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e and BCIT had t h e l o w e s t (12.5% and 39.3% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . I n a d d i t i o n , 10.4% of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y d i d n o t know whether t h e y were members o r n o t . Of t h o s e who were members o f t h e c o l l e g e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s o n l y 55.8% were v o t i n g members and t h i s p e r c e n t a g e d i d n o t v a r y s i g n i f i -c a n t l y a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s . VCC-WI and C a p i l a n o had t h e l a r g e s t p e r -c e n t a g e s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y w i t h t h e v o t e ( 7 3 . 3 % and 72.0% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) , w h i l e BCIT and F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e had t h e l a r g e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f t h o s e who s a i d t h e y d i d n o t have t h e v o t e ( 5 0 % and 42.9% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . Of t h o s e who knew they were f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n members 20.3% d i d n o t know 50 w hether o r n o t the y had t h e v o t e . F o r m a l t e a c h i n g e v a l u a t i o n . Of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 34.7% s a i d they had n o t had any f o r m a l t e a c h i n g e v a l u a t i o n . A c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n the p r o p o r t i o n s . C a p i l a n o and VCC-King Edward had t h e h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f t h o s e who had a f o r m a l e v a l u a t i o n ( 85.7% and 79.4% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) ' , w h i l e D o uglas C o l l e g e and E a s t Kootenay had the l o w e s t p e r c e n t a g e s ( 1 9 . 2 % and 31.3% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . R e c e i v e d o u t l i n e s o f t h e c o u r s e s t o be t a u g h t . S e v e n t y (70%) r e p l i e d t h e y had r e c e i v e d c o u r s e o u t l i n e s and t h e p r o p o r t i o n s a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s were n o t s i g n i f i c a n t l y d i f f e r e n t . O f f i c e desks p r o v i d e d . Of t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 43.6% s a i d t h e y had no desk a s s i g n e d t o them a t t h e i r c o l l e g e s . The p r o p o r t i o n s v a r i e d s i g n i f i c a n t l y a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s . BCIT and VCC-King Edward had t h e h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e of f a c u l t y t o whom desks were n o t a s s i g n e d ( 71.7% and 69.1% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) , w h i l e VCC-Langara and C a p i l a n o had t h e h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f f a c u l t y t o whom desks were a s s i g n e d (100% and 88.7% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . M a i l boxes a s s i g n e d . S e v e n t y (70%) s a i d t h e y had m a i l boxes a s s i g n e d t o them b u t t h e r e was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n s a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s . VCC-Langara and C a p i l a n o had t h e h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e s (100% and 90.3% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) , w h i l e E a s t Kootenay and BCIT had t h e l o w e s t (25.0% and 48.3% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . Some of t h e communications d i f f i c u l t i e s i n v o l v i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y may be due i n p a r t t o t h i s r a t h e r s i m p l e p r o b l e m o f n o t a l l o c a t i n g m a i l boxes so t h a t n e c e s s a r y i n f o r m a t i o n can be p i c k e d up. 51 M o t i v a t i o n s f o r T e a c h i n g Time s p e n t p r e p a r i n g f o r . c l a s s . Of a l l t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 37.2% s a i d p r e p a r a t i o n t i m e f o r c l a s s e s was about t h e same as i n - c l a s s t i m e , w h i l e 38.9% s a i d i t was more. The r e m a i n d e r , 23.9%, s p e n t l e s s t i m e . There was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e s e p r o p o r t i o n s a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s . The p e r c e n t a g e s f o r g r e a t e r t i m e were h i g h e s t a t F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e and VCC-Langara (62.5% and 47.9% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) , w h i l e t h e p e r c e n t -ages f o r l e s s t i m e were h i g h e s t a t VCC-WI and E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e (47.4% and 43.8% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . Reasons f o r t e a c h i n g i n community c o l l e g e s . The r e a s o n s p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h a t community c o l l e g e s a r e t a b u l a t e d w i t h mean r a n k i n T a b l e 9. T a b l e 9 Reasons f o r T e a c h i n g a t a Community C o l l e g e ( W i t h Mean Rank S c o r e s ) Reason f o r T e a c h i n g Mean Rank 1. T e a c h i n g f o r t h e s a t i s f a c t i o n o f s h a r i n g knowledge 3.86 2. F o r money 3.13 3. As a c a r e e r c h o i c e 3.01 4. F o r d e v e l o p i n g t h e o p p o r t u n i t i e s of g e t t i n g f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n s 2.81 5. To t r y out new e x p e r i e n c e s 2.42 6. F o r t h e s o c i a l p r e s t i g e o f t e a c h i n g a t c o l l e g e s 1.71 7. As some t h i n g t o do 1.43 52 The h i g h r a n k i n g o f i t e m s 2, 3, and 4 above i s c o n s i s t e n t w i t h p r e v i o u s d a t a ( r e f . p. 40) t h a t o v e r h a l f (54%) o f a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y d e r i v e t h e i r p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e o f income f r o m t e a c h i n g i n c o l l e g e s and t h a t 57.3% w o u l d a c c e p t o f f e r s o f f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n s ( s e e b e l o w ) . A c c e p t a n c e o f f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n s . Of a l l t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y 57.3% s a i d t h e y w o u l d a c c e p t f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n s i f t h e y were p l a c e d on s a l a r y s c a l e s a t a l e v e l commensurate w i t h t h e i r e x p e r i e n c e and q u a l i f i -c a t i o n s ; 19.2% were u n d e c i d e d . These p r o p o r t i o n s v a r i e d s i g n i f i c a n t l y a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s w i t h t h e p e r c e n t a g e s of t h o s e s a y i n g t h e y would a c c e p t f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n s b e i n g h i g h e s t a t VCC-Langara and VCC-King Edward (71.4% and 68.4% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . The h i g h e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f t h o s e who s a i d t h e y w o u l d n o t a c c e p t were a t C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e and D o u g l a s C o l l e g e (34.4% and 27.6% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . Comparison o f h o u r l y pay r a t e s w i t h work o t h e r t h a n t e a c h i n g a t  c o l l e g e s . T h i s q u e s t i o n was answered by t h o s e whose p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e o f income was n o t f r o m c o l l e g e t e a c h i n g . Of t h e r e s p o n d e n t s 39.0% s a i d t h e r a t e s f o r t e a c h i n g were l o w e r t h a n f o r t h e i r r e g u l a r j o b s , w h i l e a p p r o x -i m a t e l y 35% s a i d i t was t h e same o r h i g h e r . There was a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e s e p r o p o r t i o n s a c r o s s t h e c o l l e g e s . The p e r c e n t a g e s s a y i n g t h e pay r a t e f o r t e a c h i n g was l o w e r , were h i g h e s t a t E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e and VCC-Langara (75.0% and 45.5% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . Those who s a i d t h e pay r a t e f o r t e a c h i n g was h i g h e r were C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e and B C I t (45.0% and 44.4% r e s p e c t i v e l y ) . 53 THE ADMINISTRATION OF PART-TIME FACULTY Each c o l l e g e was a s k e d I n Q u e s t i o n n a i r e B t o i n d i c a t e i t s p o l i c y , w i t h r e s p e c t t o p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y , on p o s i t i o n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n , e x p e c t e d d u t i e s and r e m u n e r a t i o n , a v a i l a b i l i t y o f a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s e r v i c e s , and h i r i n g p r o c e d u r e s . C l a s s i f i c a t i o n of P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y The c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n A p p e n d i x D seem t o i n d i c a t e t h a t p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e s u p p o r t p e r s o n n e l t o f u l l - r t i m e f a c u l t y . The terms may v a r y b u t r e g a r d l e s s o f whether o r n o t t h e y d e s i g n a t e f u l l o r p a r t i a l f r i n g e b e n e f i t s , f r a c t i o n s o f a ' f u l l ' l o a d , h o u r l y p a i d , l e a d i n g o r n o t l e a d i n g t o f u l l - t i m e employment, e t c . , t h e y a l l r e f e r t o t h e f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y p o s i t i o n i n some d e r i v a t i v e form. I n some c o l l e g e s , n o t a b l y D o u g l a s and C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e s , t h e r e i s a t r e n d towards e s t a b l i s h i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y as a s e p a r a t e e n t i t y i n s t e a d o f v i e w i n g them as ' m i n i a t u r e ' f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . A t C a p i l a n o , some p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y have a c q u i r e d a t e n u r e p r i v i l e g e i n s o f a r as th e y w i l l be a s s u r e d o f c o n t r a c t s i f s e c t i o n s a r e a v a i l a b l e . T h i s p r i v i l e g e can be w i t h d r a w n o n l y w i t h cause. A t Douglas C o l l e g e a s e p a r a t e pay s c a l e w i t h r e g u l a r i n c r e m e n t s has been e s t a b l i s h e d f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . A l t h o u g h t h e r e i s s t i l l a b r o a d v a r i e t y o f terms used t o d e s i g n a t e p a r t -t i m e f a c u l t y t h e y b r e a k down f u n c t i o n a l l y i n t o t h r e e groups: 1. t h e ' g a p f i l l e r ' ; 2) t h e p a r t - t i m e r s who want t o r e m a i n . s o , and 3) t h e a s p i r a n t s t o f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n s . E x p e c t e d D u t i e s and R e m u n e r a t i o n o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y Most i n s t i t u t i o n s had no p o l i c i e s on t h e e x p e c t e d d u t i e s o f p a r t -time f a c u l t y . A l s o , most i n s t i t u t i o n s do n o t have p o l i c i e s on t h e e x p e c t e d 54 d u t i e s of f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y , a l t h o u g h some do have ' u n o f f i c i a l agreements' about t i m e s p e n t on t e a c h i n g and t i m e i n v o l v e d i n 'committee work'. The deployment o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y seems t o be t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f t h e t e a c h i n g d i v i s i o n s . There a l s o a p p e ars t o be a d i r e c t r e l a t i o n s h i p between t h e f r a c t i o n o f a f u l l l o a d t h a t a p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y p e r s o n has and t h e amount o f t i m e s p e n t on n o n - t e a c h i n g a c t i v i t i e s . Most o f t h e c o l l e g e s i n t h i s s t u d y g r a n t p a r t i a l o r f u l l f r i n g e b e n e f i t s i f t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y p e r s o n t e a c h e s a h a l f f u l l l o a d o r more. O f t e n t h e y a r e i n e l i g i b l e f o r t h e s e b e n e f i t s when t h e i r c o n t r a c t s end. The pay s c a l e s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y v a r y w i d e l y , as t h e d a t a i n A p p e n d i x J i n d i c a t e . Some have b u i l t - i n i n c r e m e n t s w h i l e o t h e r s a r e f i x e d . I n c o n d u c t i n g t h i s s t u d y t h e a u t h o r f o u n d t h a t most f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s were s y m p a t h e t i c t o t h e s i t u a t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y and were w i l l i n g t o have t h e i r f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s n e g o t i a t e f o r them. Douglas C o l l e g e and C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s have made s u c h r e p r e s e n t a t i o n s , b u t o t h e r s , such as E a s t K o o t e n a y , have been f o r b i d d e n t o do so by t h e B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a Labour R e l a t i o n s B o a r d . A d m i n i s t r a t i v e S e r v i c e s A v a i l a b l e t o P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y A d m i n i s t r a t i v e s e r v i c e s a r e o f f i c i a l l y much t h e same f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y as f o r f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y e x c e p t f o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r f r e e e n r o l l -ment as s t u d e n t s i n o t h e r c r e d i t c o u r s e s . I n p r a c t i c e , however, many of t h e s e s e r v i c e s a r e n o t a v a i l a b l e a f t e r 5 p.m., w h i c h i s when a t l e a s t 40% of a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h . T h i s s t u d y d i d n o t seek t h e o p i n i o n of p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y about t h e i r v i e w o f a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s e r v i c e s t o d e t e r m i n e i f i t c o r r o b o r a t e d t h e o f f i c i a l v i e w s o f c o l l e g e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n s . 55 H i r i n g P o l i c i e s f o r P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y W r i t t e n h i r i n g and d i s m i s s a l p o l i c i e s v a r y a c r o s s the c o l l e g e s f r o m " n o n - e x i s t e n t " t o o n l y " m o d e r a t e l y d e f i n e d " . P erhaps b e c a u s e o f l a c k o f adequate r e p r e s e n t a t i o n of p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y on f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n e x e c u t i v e s , t h e s e and o t h e r p o l i c y m a t t e r s a r e n o t s u f f i c i -e n t l y d e v e l o p e d i n t h e p o l i c i e s o f t h o s e a s s o c i a t i o n s . TIME ANALYSIS OF THE DISTRIBUTION OF PART-TIME FACULTY IN THE MAIN CURRICULUM AREAS The p a r t - t i m e / f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y r a t i o f o r a l l c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s combined v a r i e s f r o m about 0.3:1 a t BCIT t o 1.7:1 a t V C C - W I / K i n g Edeward. F o r example, a t two c o l l e g e s , D o u g l a s and VCC-Langara, t h e r e i s a t r e n d t o i n c r e a s i n g t h e r a t i o , w h i l e a t C a p i l a n o ' a n d F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e s t h e t r e n d i s t o a d e c r e a s i n g o r a f a i r l y f i x e d r a t i o . BCIT has a r a t h e r u n i q u e s i t u a t i o n where, w i t h t h e e x c e p t i o n o f the s p r i n g s e m e s t e r o f 1975, t h e r e a r e a l w a y s more f u l l - t i m e t h a n p a r t -t ime f a c u l t y t e a c h i n g o v e r l o a d c o u r s e s . An e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y by t h e t h r e e major c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s ( u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r , c a r e e r / t e c h n i c a l , v o c a t i o n a l t r a i n i n g ) , shows t h a t q u i t e d i f f e r e n t t r e n d s a r e e v i d e n t i n a l m o s t e v e r y c o l l e g e . The v o c a t i o n a l t r a i n i n g a r e a has e a s i l y the h i g h e s t p a r t - t i m e / f u l l - t i m e r a t i o s . I t v a r i e s i n some i n s t i t u t i o n s f rom a r a t i o of 1:1 t o w e l l o ver 4:1. T a b l e 10 l i s t s t h e p a r t - t i m e / f u l l - t i m e r a t i o s f o r a l l t h e c o l l e g e s i n t h e s t u d y f r o m s p r i n g 1975 t o f a l l 1977. A t C a p i l a n o , D o uglas and F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e s , t h e c a r e e r / t e c h n i c a l programs have p a r t - t i m e / f u l l - t i m e r a t i o s t h a t a r e c o n s i s t e n t l y between 56 T a b l e 10 P a r t - T i m e / F u l l - T i m e F a c u l t y R a t i o s From S p r i n g 1975 t o F a l l 1977 C o l l e g e PT/FT R a t i o s S p r i n g 1975 t o F a l l 1977 Change i n PT/FT R a t i o % Change BCIT 0.38:1 t o 0.18:1 -0.20: 1 -.52. .6 C a p i l a n o . 1.6:1 t o 1.7:1 +0.1:1 + 6. ,3 Douglas 0.8:1 ( S p r i n g 1976) t o 1.2:1 +0.4:1 +50. .0 E a s t Kootenay NO DATA F r a s e r V a l l e y 0.9:1 t o 0.91:1 + 0.1: 1 +11. .1 VCC-Langara 0.4:1 ( F a l l 1975) t o 0, .57:1 +0.17: 1 -42. ,5 V C C - W I / K i n g Edward 1.50:1 t o 0.72:1 -0.78: 1 -52. .0 1:1 and 2:1, w h i l e a t VCC ( a l l campuses) t h e r a t i o i s a l w a y s below one. C a p i l a n o has t h e h i g h e s t r a t i o i n c a r e e r / t e c h n i c a l programs a t about 28:1. I n t h e u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r a r e a , p a r t - t i m e / f u l l - t i m e r a t i o s r ange p r e s e n t l y f r o m Douglas C o l l e g e ' s 0.98:1 h i g h t o VCC-Langara's low o f 0.46:1. I t may a l s o be n o t e d t h a t t h e number o f f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y a t most c o l l e g e s has n o t changed a p p r e c i a b l y o v e r t h e l a s t two y e a r s i n b o t h t h e u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r and c a r e e r / t e c h n i c a l a r e a s . The v o c a t i o n a l t r a i n i n g programs seem t o a c c o u n t f o r most of the i n c r e a s e . T h i s may be due t o i n c r e a s e d f e d e r a l and p r o v i n c i a l f u n d i n g b e i n g made a v a i l a b l e f o r a d u l t r e t r a i n i n g , c a r e e r p l a n n i n g and s k i l l development programs. CHAPTER V CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS T h i s c h a p t e r draws c o n c l u s i o n s upon t h e t h r e e main p u r p o s e s o f the s t u d y : t o d e v e l o p a p r o f i l e o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y , t o a n a l y z e i n s t i t u t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s i n v o l v i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y , t o d e v e l o p a time a n a l y s i s on t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n ma j o r c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s and, t o t e s t a number of h y p o t h e s e s stemming from a s s u m p t i o n s f r e q u e n t l y made about p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . Many of t h e f i n d i n g s f r o m t h e a n a l y s e s o f the h y p o t h e s e s c o n t r i b u t e d t o f o r m i n g the p r o f i l e o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y and t o c l a r i f y i n g some o f the i n s t i t u t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s . Recommendations a r e t h e n made bas e d on t h e f i n d i n g s o f the s t u d y f o l l o w e d by some i m p l i c a t i o n s f o r f u r t h e r r e s e a r c h . CONCLUSIONS A l t h o u g h o n l y s i x o f the f o u r t e e n c o l l e g e s i n t h e p r o v i n c e p a r t i -c i p a t e d i n t h i s s t u d y , t h e i r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y c o n s t i t u t e o v e r 60% o f the t o t a l o f a l l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n B r i t i s h C o l u mbia. The p r o f i l e g i v e n i n t h i s summary i s a c c u r a t e t h e r e f o r e i n terms o f t h e d a t a g a t h e r e d . P r o f i l e o f t h e P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y Member i n S i x B r i t i s h C o l umbia Community  C o l l e g e s 1. There a r e s i g n i f i c a n t l y more male p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n B.C. c o l l e g e s . 57 58 2. They a r e between 25 and 60 y e a r s of age. Though t h i s i s a wide age i n t e r v a l i t shows t h a t few p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e r e c e n t u n i v e r s i t y g r a d u a t e s or a r e r e t i r e d . 3. They a r e m a n a g e r i a l employees i n b u s i n e s s and commerce e a r n -i n g a p p r o x i m a t e l y $24,000 a y e a r f r o m a l l s o u r c e s . 4. Those whose p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e o f income i s f r o m c o l l e g e t e a c h i n g e a r n a p p r o x i m a t e l y $15,000 a y e a r . 5. They do n o t depend on t e a c h i n g i n c o l l e g e s f o r t h e i r main s o u r c e o f income. 6. They w o u l d a c c e p t an o f f e r o f a f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n f r o m a c o l l e g e i f t h e y c o u l d g e t c r e d i t f o r t h e i r academic c r e d e n t i a l s and work e x p e r i e n c e b u t , i n g e n e r a l , t h e y a r e n o t a c t i v e l y l o o k i n g f o r a f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n . 7. S h a r i n g o f knowledge and the development o f a c a r e e r c h o i c e a r e t h e main m o t i v a t i o n b e h i n d t h e i r t e a c h i n g a t a c o l l e g e . They do n o t t e a c h p r i m a r i l y f o r f i n a n c i a l r e a s o n s . 8. They a r e n o t a c t i v e l y s e e k i n g a new j o b . 9. They t e a c h t h e same c o u r s e a t o n l y one c o l l e g e a t w h i c h t h e y s t a y f o r two o r t h r e e s e m e s t e r s . 10. T h e i r c o u r s e s a r e u s u a l l y o f f e r e d i n t h e l a t e a f t e r n o o n o r e v e n i n g b u t t h e y p r e f e r t o t e a c h between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. 11. They l i v e w i t h i n an h o u r ' s d r i v e o f t h e i r c o l l e g e . 12. They have e i g h t or n i n e y e a r s o f work e x p e r i e n c e w h i c h a r e d i r e c t l y c o n n e c t e d w i t h t h e s u b j e c t s t h e y t e a c h . 13. They have t a u g h t s e c o n d a r y s c h o o l l e v e l c o u r s e s and some g e n e r a l i n t e r e s t o f f e r i n g s i n a d u l t e d u c a t i o n programs. 59 14. The need f o r t h e i r s e r v i c e s i s as g r e a t i n e i t h e r u n i v e r -s i t y t r a n s f e r o r c a r e e r / t e c h n i c a l programs, b u t i n e i t h e r a r e a t h e y u s u a l l y t e a c h a n o n - l a b o r a t o r y o r i e n t e d c o u r s e . 15. I f th e y t e a c h a l a b o r a t o r y c o u r s e t h e y a r e l e s s a p t t o have t h e same t e c h n i c i a n s u p p o r t s e r v i c e as f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . 16. They have no a s s i s t a n c e i n m a r k i n g a s s i g n m e n t s . 17. The t i m e s p e n t on p r e p a r i n g each l e s s o n i s about t h e same as t h e t i m e s p e n t i n t h e c l a s s r o o m . 18. They a r e i n v i t e d t o t h e c o l l e g e ' s p r o f e s s i o n a l development programs b u t u s u a l l y do n o t a t t e n d . 19. O f f i c i a l l y t h e y a r e n o t r e q u i r e d b y t h e c o l l e g e t o p a r t i c i p a t e i n n o n - t e a c h i n g a c t i v i t i e s . They t a k e p a r t , however, dep e n d i n g d i r e c t l y on t h e s i z e o f t h e i r t e a c h i n g l o a d and t h e department t h e y t e a c h i n . 20. They were i n t e r v i e w e d f o r a p a r t - t i m e p o s i t i o n and r e c e i v e d w r i t t e n i n f o r m a t i o n on c o n d i t i o n s o f employment. 21. They a r e e l i g i b l e f o r membership i n t h e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n but t h e i r e l i g i b i l i t y t o v o t e depends on how many c o u r s e s t h e y t e a c h and the p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y c a t e g o r y . 22. They g e t an o u t l i n e o f t h e c o u r s e t h e y a r e t o t e a c h . 23. They have t h e i r own m a i l box but a r e as l i k e l y as n o t t o have a desk t o work a t . 24. T h e i r t e a c h i n g p e r f o r m a n c e i s e v a l u a t e d . These e v a l u a t i o n s have no o f f i c i a l b e a r i n g on c o n t r a c t r e n e w a l s i n c e , i n most c o l l e g e s , a p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y member can be r e l e a s e d w i t h o u t cause a t t h e end o f t h e i r c o n t r a c t o r employment p e r i o d . 60 The p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y member and i n s t i t u t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s . S a l a r -i e s f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e l e s s t h a n f o r f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . C r e d i t i s seldom g i v e n f o r academic and t e a c h i n g c r e d e n t i a l s o r f o r work e x p e r i e n c e . Pay r a t e s a r e u s u a l l y b a s e d on t h e l o w e s t r a t e o f t h e f u l l -t i m e f a c u l t y s c a l e . Among t h e c o l l e g e s , t h e r e i s a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r -ence i n t h e s e pay r a t e s . I n c r e m e n t s a r e n o t u s u a l l y g i v e n and when t h e y a r e t h e y p l a t e a u a t a l e v e l b e l o w t h a t a t t a i n a b l e by f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . F a c u l t y agreements say v e r y l i t t l e about p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y beyond d e f i n i n g t h e i r c a t e g o r y as a t e a c h e r . C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e has added a 'no r e l e a s e w i t h o u t c a u s e ' c o n d i t i o n f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t o i t s agreement w h i l e Douglas C o l l e g e has e s t a b l i s h e d a s p e c i a l j o b d e s c r i p t i o n c a t e g o r y and pay s c a l e f o r s e s s i o n a l f a c u l t y . G e n e r a l l y p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e n o t o f f i c i a l l y r e p r e s e n t e d by f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s . The Labour R e l a t i o n s B o a r d has p r o h i b i t e d t h e E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e f a c u l t y a s s o c i -a t i o n t o r e p r e s e n t t h e i r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . The r e c e n t l y e n a c t e d " B r i t i s h C o l umbia C o l l e g e s and P r o v i n c i a l I n s t i t u t e s A c t " may r e s o l v e t h i s r e s t r i c t i o n w i t h some fo r m o f p r o v i n c e - w i d e r e p r e s e n t a t i o n . There was no agreement among t h e c o l l e g e s on t h e c r i t e r i a f o r t r a n s i t i o n f r o m p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e s t a t u s . A t BCIT, f o r example, i t i s e x p l i c i t l y s t a t e d i n t h e C o l l e c t i v e Agreement t h a t a f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n s h a l l be c r e a t e d as soon as t h e number o f c o u r s e s t a u g h t by p a r t - t i m e i n s t r u c t o r s i n a d i s c i p l i n e e q u a l s a f u l l l o a d . By c o n t r a s t , Douglas C o l l e g e and E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e have no p o l i c y a t a l l on t h i s i n t h e i r f a c u l t y agreements. C o l l e g e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n s r e p o r t e d t h a t g e n e r a l l y p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y have t h e same r i g h t , i f n o t as re a d y a c c e s s t o , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s u p p o r t s e r v i c e s . 61 P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a t a l l c o l l e g e s , w i t h t h e e x c e p t i o n o f VCC ( L a n g a r a ) , a r e u n o r g a n i z e d . They do n o t have p o s i t i o n s on f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n e x e c u t i v e s and a r e n o t members of b a r g a i n i n g c o mmittees. F a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s seem q u i t e a m b i v a l e n t about t h e i n t e r e s t s o f p a r t -t i m e f a c u l t y . There i s an o b v i o u s community of i n t e r e s t between f u l l -t i m e and p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y b u t t h e r e a r e e q u a l l y o b v i o u s problems i n g r a n t i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y more r e p r e s e n t a t i o n on f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s . F o r example, n o t a l l a s s o c i a t i o n s may a g r e e w i t h t h e p r e m i s e o f " e q u a l pay f o r e q u a l work" n o r m i g h t t h e y c o n s i d e r i t i n t h e i r c o l l e c t i v e i n t e r e s t s t o c r e d i t p r i o r work e x p e r i e n c e and c r e d e n t i a l s i n e s t a b l i s h i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y pay s c a l e s . P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e g e n e r a l l y d e f i n e d i n terms o f f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . C o l l e g e f a c u l t y agreements d e a l m a i n l y w i t h t h e i n t e r e s t s of f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . D o u g l a s C o l l e g e h a s s e t up a s e p a r a t e s t a t u s and s a l a r y s c a l e f o r ' s e s s i o n a l ' i n s t r u c t o r s as a f i r s t s t e p towards acknow-l e d g i n g t h e u n i q u e r o l e of p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . A l t h o u g h BCIT i s n o t t e c h n i c a l l y a community c o l l e g e , i t was i n c l u d e d i n t h e s t u d y f o r c o m p a r a t i v e p u r p o s e s . G e n e r a l l y , t h e p r o f i l e o f t h e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y member and t h e r e l a t i o n of p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y members t o t h e i n s t i t u t i o n a t BCIT were th e same as i n t h e o t h e r c o l l e g e s . D a t a were a n a l y z e d w i t h and w i t h o u t BCIT i n p u t . I n most cases t h e s t a t i s t i c s were n o t a l t e r e d s i g n i f i c a n t l y , b u t i n t h e c a s e o f s e x r a t i o s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y members t h e i n c l u s i o n o f BCIT (84% o f whose p a r t -t ime f a c u l t y a r e male) d i d p r o d u c e a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e . W i t h o u t BCIT, th e p e r c e n t a g e s of male and f e m a l e p a r t - t i m e , f a c u l t y i n a l l t h e c o l l e g e s were 50.6% and 49.2% r e s p e c t i v e l y . W i t h BCIT, t h e s e changed t o 56.2% and 43.8% r e s p e c t i v e l y . 62 A l l t h e f a c u l t y a t BCIT a r e i n t h e c a r e e r / t e c h n i c a l a r e a . I t was the o n l y i n s t i t u t i o n t h a t used 'day' and ' e v e n i n g ' d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r i t s c o u r s e s . P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h m a i n l y t h e e v e n i n g c o u r s e s f o r p a r t -t i m e s t u d e n t s , w h i l e f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h day c o u r s e s t o f u l l - t i m e s t u d e n t s . Time a n a l y s i s on t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n major  c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s . 1. BCIT and VCC (La n g a r a ) have t h e l o w e s t p a r t - t i m e / f u l l - t i m e r a t i o s w i t h a p p r o x i m a t e l y 0.3:1 and 0.5:1 r e s p e c t i v e l y . C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e has t h e h i g h e s t r a t i o w i t h a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1.8:1. The a v e r a g e f o r a l l t h e c o l l e g e s i s a p p r o x i m a t e l y 0.7:1. 2. The r a t i o o f p a r t - t i m e / f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y i s h i g h e s t i n t h e v o c a t i o n a l t r a i n i n g a r e a ( a p p r o x i m a t e l y 2:1) f o l l o w e d by t h e u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r a r e a ( a p p r o x i m a t e l y 0.7:1) and t h e c a r e e r / t e c h n i c a l a r e a ( a p p r o x i m a t e l y 0.6:1). 3. On t h e b a s i s o f t h e i n s t i t u t i o n s s t u d i e d t h e r e i s a t r e n d towards i n c r e a s e d use o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . Between s u c c e s s i v e semesters,, s p r i n g 1976 and s p r i n g 1977, t h e i n c r e a s e was 629 t o 706 p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y o r 12.2%. W h i l e between s u c c e s s i v e s e m e s t e r s , f a l l 1976 and f a l l 1977, t h e i n c r e a s e was 670 t o 719 p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y o r 7.3%. 4. There i s a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e r a t i o o f p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y members among t h e c o l l e g e s . Summary of t h e f i n d i n g s on t h e h y p o t h e s e s c o n c e r n i n g p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n B.C. c o l l e g e s . The h y p o t h e s e s t h a t were a c c e p t e d a r e r e s t a t e d . Those t h a t were r e j e c t e d a r e r e s t a t e d h e r e i n t h e i r a n t i t h e t i c a l v 63 form w i t h t h e o p e r a t i v e words u n d e r l i n e d . The l a t t e r h y p o t h e s e s a r e d e s i g n a t e d w i t h an a s t e r i s k ( *). Example: H y p o t h e s i s 2: P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y d_o t e a c h p r i m a r i l y f o r f i n a n c i a l r e a s o n s . T h i s h y p o t h e s i s was r e j e c t e d , t h e r e f o r e : * H y p o t h e s i s 2: P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y do n o t t e a c h p r i m a r i l y f o r f i n a n c i a l r e a s o n s . H y p o t h e s i s 1. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e l o o k i n g f o r a f u l l - t i m e t e a c h i n g p o s i t i o n . * H y p o t h e s i s 2. They do n o t t e a c h p r i m a r i l y f o r f i n a n c i a l r e a s o n s . H y p o t h e s i s 3. They a r e n o t o f f i c i a l l y i n v o l v e d i n n o n - t e a c h i n g d u t i e s i n t h e i n s t i t u t i o n . * H y p o t h e s i s 4. They do_ have t e a c h i n g c r e d e n t i a l s . * H y p o t h e s i s 5. They do have p r e v i o u s t e a c h i n g e x p e r i e n c e . *Hypotheses 6, 7 They a r e e l i g i b l e f o r membership i n and t h e y a r e members o f t h e c o l l e g e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s . * H y p o t h e s i s 8. They dx) t e a c h i n one i n s t i t u t i o n f o r more t h a n one s e m e s t e r . H y p o t h e s i s 9. They do l i v e w i t h i n a one-hour d r i v e f r o m t h e c o l l e g e . H y p o t h e s i s 10. They t e a c h i n t h e e v e n i n g ( a f t e r 4 p.m.). H y p o t h e s i s 11. Among academic c r e d i t programs, t h e y t e a c h i n n o n - l a b o r a t o r y c o u r s e s . H y p o t h e s i s 12. F o r t h e amount o f t e a c h i n g done, t h e y r e c e i v e p r o p o r t i o n a l l y l e s s s a l a r y t h a n a f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y member. * H y p o t h e s i s 13. There j L s a s i g n i f i c a n t s a l a r y d i f f e r e n c e f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y among t h e c o l l e g e s . 64 * H y p o t h e s i s 14. There ±s_ a s i g n i f i c a n t d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e r a t i o o f p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y members among t h e c o l l e g e s . * H y p o t h e s i s 15. There j i s a f o r m a l i z e d h i r i n g p o l i c y a p p l y i n g t o p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . * H y p o t h e s i s 16. They do n o t g e t l e s s a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s u p p o r t s e r v i c e s t h a n f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y . H y p o t h e s i s 17. The p e r c e n t a g e o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i s i n c r e a s i n g i n a l l o f t h e c o l l e g e s s t u d i e d . * H y p o t h e s i s 18. They do n o t t e a c h m a i n l y i n u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r programs. H y p o t h e s i s 19. They t e a c h s u b j e c t s t h a t a r e d i r e c t l y c o n n e c t e d w i t h t h e i r p r e s e n t work. H y p o t h e s i s 20. They do n o t depend on t e a c h i n g i n c o l l e g e s f o r t h e i r main s o u r c e s o f income. RECOMMENDATIONS 1. On t h e b a s i s o f t h e d a t a g a t h e r e d i n t h e s t u d y and f r o m t h e i n f o r m a t i o n s u p p l i e d t o t h e a u t h o r from i n f o r m a l s o u r c e s , t h e r e a p p e a r s t o be a need f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t o become aware o f t h e i r e x i s t e n c e as an e n t i t y w i t h i n t h e c o l l e g e system. I n v i e w o f t h e d i f f i c u l t y many have i n b e i n g a b l e t o g e t t o g e t h e r a t c o n v e n i e n t t i m e s , t h o s e p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y who a r e p u r s u i n g c o l l e g e t e a c h i n g as a c a r e e r c h o i c e w o u l d be w e l l a d v i s e d p o l i t i c a l l y t o t a k e t h e l e a d . The VCC model may be r e f e r r e d t o i n t h i s r e g a r d . 65 2. The C o l l e g e F a c u l t i e s F e d e r a t i o n o f B.C. and each c o l l e g e f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n , s h o u l d i n v e s t i g a t e t h e s t a t u s o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y and t h e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f i n v o l v i n g them as members of b a r g a i n i n g u n i t s . 3. P a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y s h o u l d c o n s i d e r f o r m i n g t h e i r own c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g u n i t i n t h e e v e n t t h e i r i n t e r e s t s c o n f l i c t w i t h t h o s e o f f u l l -t i m e f a c u l t y who dominate t h e e x i s t i n g b a r g a i n i n g u n i t s . 4. C o l l e g e s s h o u l d b e g i n t o keep more s y s t e m a t i c i n f o r m a t i o n and r e c o r d s on p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y s i n c e : a) i f t r e n d s c o n t i n u e , t h e numbers o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y w i l l i n c r e a s e and t h e i r p o l i t i c a l i n v o l v e m e n t may expand. b) t h e r a t i o n a l e f o r d i s p a r i t i e s between wage s c a l e s , f r i n g e b e n e f i t s , p o l i t i c a l r e p r e s e n t a t i o n and j o b s e c u r i t y s h o u l d be made more c l e a r . c) t h e B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a M i n i s t r y o f E d u c a t i o n w i l l p r o b a b l y r e q u i r e more d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n on p a r t -t i m e f a c u l t y f o r i t s a n n u a l r e p o r t s , e s p e c i a l l y as B i l l 82 does n o t d i s t i n g u i s h between p a r t - t i m e and f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y as ' p r o f e s s i o n a l employees'. 5. C o l l e g e s s h o u l d i n v e s t i g a t e ways t o improve a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s u p p o r t s e r v i c e s a f t e r 4 o r 5 p.m., when most p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y t e a c h . 6. O n l y 42% of a l l ^ p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y have been a b l e t o a t t e n d p r o f e s s i o n a l development programs. C o l l e g e s c o u l d d e v e l o p more i n n o v a t i v e ways of p r o v i d i n g p r o f e s s i o n a l development t o meet t h i s need. The use o f a u d i o - v i s u a l packages c o u l d be one s u c h way. 7. C o l l e g e s and f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s s h o u l d s t u d y t h e m u t u a l a d v a n t a g e s of d i f f e r e n t t y p e s o f t e a c h i n g a r r a n g e m e n t s , suc h as t h e c o n v e n t i o n a l f u l l - t i m e p e r s o n , h u s b a n d - w i f e and o t h e r 'team' packages w i t h s p l i t t e a c h i n g l o a d s . The t r a n s i t i o n f r o m p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e (and v i c e v e r s a ) t e a c h i n g arrangements i s n o t c l e a r l y d e f i n e d i n most c o l l e g e s . 66 8. F a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s s h o u l d c o n s i d e r the i m p l i c a t i o n s of 'Employment f o r T e a c h i n g O n l y ' c r i t e r i a . T h i s s t u d y showed t h a t o n l y two o f t h e s i x c o l l e g e s had any p o l i c i e s c o n c e r n i n g n o n - t e a c h i n g r e s p o n -s i b i l i t i e s f o r p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y . The ' e x p e r i m e n t ' a t N o r t h I s l a n d C o l l e g e w i t h a s m a l l c o r e o f f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y h a n d l i n g n o n - t e a c h i n g f u n c t i o n s s u c h as c u r r i c u l u m d e s i g n and a l a r g e c o n t i n g e n t o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y d o i n g t e a c h i n g o n l y , b e a r s s c r u t i n y i n t h i s r e g a r d . Whether o r n o t t h i s t r e n d c o n t i n u e s depends on how f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s and c o l l e g e s v i e w t h e i r p r o f e s s i o n a l and i n s t i t u t i o n a l i n t e r e s t s where p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e c o n c e r n e d . I m p l i c a t i o n s f o r F u r t h e r R e s e a r c h T e a c h i n g groups have t r a d i t i o n a l l y been d i v i d e d i n t o f u l l - t i m e and p a r t - t i m e c a t e g o r i e s . W i t h c h a n g i n g l i f e s t y l e s and i n c r e a s i n g s o c i a l c a r e f r o m " c r a d l e t o g r a v e " t h e m i g r a t i o n between t h e s e groups i s becoming more f l u i d . Any r e s e a r c h on t e a c h i n g p r o j e c t s i n v o l v i n g p a r t - t i m e and f u l l - t i m e t e a c h i n g s t y l e s w o u l d h e l p f a c u l t y d e v e l o p more c r e a t i v e forms of p r o f e s s i o n a l development f o r t h e i r own i n t e l l e c t u a l s t i m u l a t i o n . I n d i v i d u a l p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y groups s h o u l d , e i t h e r by t h e m s e l v e s o r i n c o o p e r a t i o n w i t h t h e i r f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t i o n s , do some d a t a c o l l e c t i o n t o e s t a b l i s h t h e i r own i d e n t i t i e s and b a r g a i n i n g p o s i t i o n s . T h i s would e n a b l e them t o n e g o t i a t e w i t h more s t r e n g t h r e g a r d l e s s o f t h e p o l i t i c a l d i r e c t i o n t h e y may w i s h t o f o l l o w . The most s e r i o u s l i m i t a t i o n o f t h i s s t u d y i s t h a t i t was r e s t r i c t e d t o s i x c o l l e g e s , a l l b u t one o f w h i c h i s l o c a t e d i n t h e Lower M a i n l a n d . W h i l e i t i s s a f e t o say t h a t t h e m a j o r i t y of p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y a r e l o c a t e d i n t h e s e c o l l e g e s , i t does n o t f o l l o w t h a t t h e f i n d i n g s o f t h e s t u d y a p p l y 67 q u a l i t a t i v e l y t o t h o s e o t h e r c o l l e g e s n o t i n c l u d e d i n t h e s t u d y . F o r example, N o r t h I s l a n d C o l l e g e has q u i t e a d i f f e r e n t f a c u l t y breakdown t h a n any o f t h e o t h e r c o l l e g e s because of i t s u n i q u e s t y l e o f o p e r a t i o n . T h i s p r e s e n t s t u d y c o u l d be e x t e n d e d t o i n c l u d e a l l B.C. c o l l e g e s . T h i s i s s o m e t h i n g t h e C o l l e g e F a c u l t i e s F e d e r a t i o n of B.C. m i g h t v e r y p r o f i t a b l y c o n s i d e r i n c o o p e r a t i o n w i t h t h e B.C. A s s o c i a t i o n o f C o l l e g e s . FOOTNOTES ^H.L. Cooke, " P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y Needs F u l l - T i m e S u p p o r t , " Community  C o l l e g e Review (Summer 1976), p. 15. 2 D.A. Heming, "The F o r g o t t e n M i n o r i t y a t Community C o l l e g e s : The P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y , " J o u r n a l o f t h e A s s o c i a t i o n o f Community C o l l e g e s , V o l . I , No. 3 ( F a l l 1 9 77), p. 46. 3 J . D e n n i s o n , "Study on B.C. C o l l e g e F a c u l t y , " R e p o r t 10 (August 1973), B.C. R e s e a r c h . 4 J . D e n n i s o n , e t a l , "The Impact o f Community C o l l e g e s : A Study o f the C o l l e g e Concept i n B.C." (November 1975), B.C. R e s e a r c h . ~*G. P e r s i n g e r , " P r o f e s s i o n a l Development f o r P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y , " R e s e a r c h R e p o r t t o N o r t h C e n t r a l Community J u n i o r C o l l e g e s , V i r g i n i a N o r t h e r n Community C o l l e g e , p. ^H.L. Cooke, " C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of P a r t - T i m e I n s t r u c t o r s i n Comprehensive Community C o l l e g e s o f N o r t h C a r o l i n a . " D o c t o r a l D i s s e r t a t i o n , Duke U n i v e r s i t y , 1972. 7UBC S t a t u s o f Women R e p o r t , F a c u l t y , 1975, p. 84. 8 E r i c Green, "B.C. Community C o l l e g e s and B a r g a i n i n g U n i t s , " D r a f t  R e p o r t f o r t h e C o l l e g e ' s F a c u l t y F e d e r a t i o n o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a , 1976. 9 E r i c . Green, op. c i t . "^M. N o v i k , e t a l . , "Recommendations of t h e Committee o f Term I n s t r u c t o r s , " Memo, Vancouver Community C o l l e g e ( L a n g a r a ) , (December, 1977). "*"^ B.C. Department o f E d u c a t i o n P o s t - S e c o n d a r y E d u c a t i o n S t a t i s t i c s , 1975-1977. B.C. M i n i s t r y o f E d u c a t i o n : E d u c a t i o n a l D a t a S e r v i c e s , p. 12 J . D e n n i s o n , "Study on B.C. C o l l e g e F a c u l t y , " R e p o r t 10 (August 1973), B.C. R e s e a r c h . 68 BIBLIOGRAPHY B.C. C o l l e g e and P r o v i n c i a l I n s t i t u t e s A c t , B i l l 82. See D e f i n i t i o n s ; P r o f e s s i o n a l Employees, Queen's P r i n t e r : B.C., 1977. "B.C. Dept. o f E d u c a t i o n P o s t - S e c o n d a r y E d u c a t i o n S t a t i s t i c s , 1975-1977," E d u c a t i o n a l D a t a S e r v i c e s , B.C. M i n i s t r y o f E d u c a t i o n . Cooke, H.L. " C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f P a r t - T i m e I n s t r u c t o r s i n Comprehensive Community C o l l e g e s o f N o r t h C a r o l i n a . " D o c t o r a l d i s s e r t a t i o n , Duke U n i v e r s i t y , 1972. . " P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y Needs F u l l - T i m e S u p p o r t , " Community C o l l e g e Review (Summer 19 7 6 ) , p. 15. De n n i s o n , J . "Study on B.C. C o l l e g e F a c u l t y , " R e p o r t 10 (Augus t 1973), B.C. R e s e a r c h . , e t a l . "The Impact o f Community C o l l e g e s : A Study o f t h e C o l l e g e Concept i n B.C'.' (November 1975), B.C. R e s e a r c h . G l e a z e r . " T h i s i s t h e Community C o l l e g e . " H o u g h t o n - M i f f l i n , 1968. Green, E r i c . "B.C. Community C o l l e g e s and B a r g a i n i n g U n i t s , " D r a f t R e p o r t  f o r t h e C o l l e g e s ' F a c u l t y F e d e r a t i o n o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a ( 1 9 7 6 ) . Heming, D.A. "The F o r g o t t e n M i n o r i t y a t Community C o l l e g e s : The P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y , " J o u r n a l o f t h e A s s o c i a t i o n o f Community C o l l e g e s , V o l . 1, No. 3 ( F a l l 1 9 7 7), p. 46. M a r a s u i l o & McSweeny. " N o n - P a r a m e t r i c and D i s t r i b u t i o n - F r e e Methods f o r t h e S o c i a l S c i e n c e s . " B r o o k s - C o l e ( 1 9 7 7 ) . N i e , N.H., e t a l . " S t a t i s t i c a l Package f o r S o c i a l S c i e n c e s , " McGraw H i l l 2nd Ed. (1 9 7 5 ) . N o v i k , M., e t a l . "Recommendations o f t h e Committee on Term I n s t r u c t o r s , " Memo. Vancouver Community C o l l e g e ( L angara) (December 1977). P e r s i n g e r , G. " P r o f e s s i o n a l Development f o r P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y , " R e s e a r c h R e p o r t t o N o r t h C e n t r a l Community J u n i o r C o l l e g e s . West V i r g i n i a : N o r t h e r n Community C o l l e g e ( O c t o b e r 1977). Sampson, e t a l . P a r t - T i m e A s s i g n m e n t o f Women i n T e a c h i n g . A u g u s t a , M a i n e : Department o f E d u c a t i o n , E r i c Ed 003396. 69 70 Simms, J . Handbook on A d u l t E d u c a t i o n P e r s o n n e l P o l i c i e s and P r o c e d u r e s . Sacramento, C a l i f o r n i a : S t a t e Department o f E d u c a t i o n , B u r e a u o f A d u l t E d u c a t i o n , E r i c //DO72350. UBC S t a t u s of Women R e p o r t , S e c t i o n on F a c u l t y ( 1 9 7 5 ) , p. 84. U.S. Government O f f i c e o f E d u c a t i o n . D i s t r i b u t i v e E d u c a t i o n o f A d u l t ' s  Guide f o r P a r t - T i m e I n s t r u c t o r s . R e p o r t 0E82003, E r i c ED013889. Winegard R e p o r t on P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y . B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a : Department o f E d u c a t i o n . APPENDIX A RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE ON TERM INSTRUCTORS AT.VANCOUVER COMMUNITY COLLEGE 71 7 l a APPENDIX A RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE ON TERM INSTRUCTORS * AT VANCOUVER COMMUNITY COLLEGE P r e p a r e d bv C. F l o o d , M. Ger s o n . M. N o v i k . Adopted by t h e term i n s t r u c t o r s a t t h e December 1, 1977 m e e t i n g . Committee: C. C o l e . J . F a u b e r t , M. Gerson. A. Goul d e n . R. H o l d s t o c k . J . L a l o g e . M. N o v i k ( c h a i r ) . C. Sigmund. P. Thompson A. I n t r o d u c t i o n The P r e s e n t S i t u a t i o n D u r i n g t h e p r e s e n t t e r m ( F a l l 1977) a t L a n g a r a , 84 i n s t r u c t o r s a r e on term a p p o i n t m e n t s and a n o t h e r 16 a r e on one-year temporary a p p o i n t -ments. Of t h e 77 i n s t r u c t o r s on term a p p o i n t m e n t s f o r whom i n f o r m a t i o n i s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e , 19% a r e employed a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1/4 t i m e , 43% a r e employed a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1/2 t i m e , 21% a r e employed a p p r o x i m a t e l y 3/4 t i m e , and 17% a r e employed f u l l - t i m e . I n s h o r t , o n l y 38% o f t h e i n s t r u c t o r s on term a p p o i n t m e n t s a r e employed 3/4 t i m e o r more. One o f the q u e s t i o n s on a q u e s t i o n n a i r e s e n t t o term i n s t r u c t o r s a t L a n g a r a i n September 1977 was, " I s y o u r j o b h e r e y o u r p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e o f income?" Out of t h e 34 p e o p l e who r e p l i e d t o t h a t q u e s t i o n , 82% answered Y e s , 6% answered A l m o s t , and 12% answered No. T h e r e f o r e i t i s a p p a r e n t t h a t a l t h o u g h most term i n s t r u c t o r s depend on t h e i r L a n g a r a s a l a r y as t h e i r p r i n c i p a l s o u r c e o f income, few o f us ( o n l y 38% i n f a c t ) c a n , by any s t r e t c h o f t h e i m a g i n a t i o n , be s a i d t o be making a d e c e n t s a l a r y . The Reasons Why There a r e a number of r e a s o n s f o r t h i s s i t u a t i o n , o f w h i c h two seem p a r t i c u l a r l y i m p o r t a n t . S e v e r a l u n w r i t t e n r u l e s g u i d e t h e employment o f term i n s t r u c t o r s a t L a n g a r a . Two r e s t r i c t i o n s a r e o f t e n e n f o r c e d : a l i m i t o f t h r e e s e c t i o n s p e r term, p e r term i n s t r u c t o r , and a l i m i t o f two terms employment i n a row. These g u i d e l i n e s have t h e e f f e c t o f r e d u c i n g t h e wages o f a term i n s t r u c t o r t o a maximum o f 60% of t h e s t a t e d a n n u a l s a l a r y f o r h i s o r h e r l e v e l . I n many c a s e s , e a r n i n g s a r e w e l l below 60%. F u r t h e r , i t i s c l e a r t h a t t h e c o l l e g e has s t r a y e d f r o m i t s o r i g i n a l i n t e n t i o n i n a d o p t i n g t h e 20% c e i l i n g on s e c t i o n s t a u g h t by term i n s t r u c t o r s w h i c h was recommended by t h e J o i n t A d m i n i s t r a t i o n / F a c u l t y Committee on C o n t i n u i n g A p p o i n t m e n t s i n J a n u a r y 1974. T h i s 20% f i g u r e was a r r i v e d a t by e x a m i n i n g s t a t i s t i c s f o r t h e terms 70/3 73/3. I t was c o n c l u d e d t h a t * i n s t r u c t o r s , c o u n s e l l o r s , and l i b r a r i a n s on term a p p o i n t m e n t s and one-year temporary a p p o i n t m e n t s 72 th e p e r c e n t a g e o f s e c t i o n s t a u g h t by term i n s t r u c t o r s i n t h o s e terms was s a t i s f a c t o r y ( 1 7 % f o r 1971, 21.5% f o r 1972, 15.2% f o r 1973). A c c o r d i n g t o t h e J o i n t Committee, a s l i g h t l y h i g h e r p e r c e n t a g e (20%) o f s e c t i o n s t a u g h t by term i n s t r u c t o r s "would have accommodated a l l b u t one d e c r e a s e i n d e p a r t m e n t a l e n r o l l m e n t . " I f a 20% c e i l i n g on t h e number o f term i n s t r u c t o r s were o b s e r v e d f o r F a l l t e r m s , fewer term i n s t r u c t o r s w o u l d be employed t o t e a c h t h e same t o t a l number o f s e c t i o n s (20% o f t o t a l o f f e r i n g s ) , and each i n s t r u c t o r w o u l d be p a i d a l i v i n g wage f o r h i s o r h e r s e r v i c e t o t h e c o l l e g e . ( S i m i l a r c e i l i n g s c o u l d be c a l c u l a t e d f o r t h e S p r i n g and Summer terms from t h e 70/3 t o 73/3 d a t a . ) The P r i m a r y Concern I t has become c l e a r t o t h e Committee, f r o m t h e r e s u l t s o f t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e r e f e r r e d t o above and a l s o f r o m d i s c u s s i o n s i n m e e t i n g s o f t h e term f a c u l t y , t h a t t h e o v e r w h e l m i n g l y p r i m a r y c o n c e r n o f t h e m a j o r i t y of term i n s t r u c t o r s i s j o b s e c u r i t y — b o t h s h o r t - r a n g e s e c u r i t y ( " W i l l I be g i v e n enough s e c t i o n s n e x t t e r m t o pay t h e b i l l s ? " ) and l o n g - r a n g e s e c u r i t y ("When a r e g u l a r p o s i t i o n f i n a l l y p r e s e n t s i t s e l f , w i l l I be p a s s e d o v e r ? " ) The r e p o r t o f . t h e J o i n t Committee on C o n t i n u i n g A p p o i n t m e n t s s t a t e d t h a t t h e Committee was " o f t h e o p i n i o n t h a t i n t h o s e i n s t i t u t i o n s w h i c h o f f e r c o n t i n u i n g a p p o i n t m e n t / t e n u r e , t h e s e n s e o f s e c u r i t y p r o v i d e d b y s u c h an appointment t e n d s t o f o s t e r g r e a t e r commitment and l o y a l t y t o t h e i n s t i t u t i o n " ( p . 9 ) . S u r e l y i f a g r e a t e r sense o f s e c u r i t y c o n t r i b u t e s t o b e t t e r r e g u l a r f a c u l t y t h e n t h e same must a l s o be t r u e f o r term f a c u l t y . B. Recommendations W i t h t h e aim, t h e n , o f i n c r e a s i n g t h e j o b s e c u r i t y and s a t i s f a c t i o n o f t h o s e f a c u l t y members on term o r one-year temporary a p p o i n t m e n t s w i t h -out j e o p a r d i z i n g e i t h e r t h e a d m i n i s t r a t i v e f l e x i b i l i t y o b t a i n e d by t h e 80%/20% s p l i t o r t h e s e c u r i t y of r e g u l a r f a c u l t y , the term members of t h e L a n g a r a F a c u l t y A s s o c i a t i o n s u b m i t t h e f o l l o w i n g recommendations and a s k th e LFA t o adopt t h e s e recommendations as i t s own, and t o s t r i v e i n i t s d e a l i n g s w i t h t h e A d m i n i s t r a t i o n ( C o l l e c t i v e Agreement, L e t t e r s o f I n t e n t , e t c . ) t o have them put i n t o e f f e c t . A t t h e same t i m e , we a p p e a l t o t h e i n d i v i d u a l d e p a r t m e n t s and d i v i s i o n s o f L a n g a r a t o s t r i v e t o f o l l o w t h e recommendations made b e l o w , WHENEVER POSSIBLE, i n t h e i r d i r e c t d e a l i n g s w i t h term i n s t r u c t o r s . 1. Job S e c u r i t y and S a l a r y a. t h a t a new i n s t r u c t o r be c o n s i d e r e d p a r t o f an e s t a b l i s h e d p o o l o f term i n s t r u c t o r s a f t e r c o m p l e t i n g an e i g h t - s e c t i o n p r o b a t i o n a r y p e r i o d o f t e a c h i n g ; t h a t an i n s t r u c t o r b e c o n s i d e r e d t o have " p a s s e d m u s t e r " a f t e r t e a c h i n g e i g h t s e c t i o n s * , and be g i v e n f a i r * o r t h e e q u i v a l e n t , i n t h e c a s e o f c o u n s e l l o r s , l i b r a r i a n s , o r i n s t r u c t o r s whose w o r k l o a d i s c a l c u l a t e d I n number o f nours r a t h e r t h a n s e c t i o n s . 73 t r e a t m e n t and d e f i n e d s e c u r i t y i n a p p r e c i a t i o n o f t h e v a l u e d c o n t r i b u t i o n s/he i s making t o t h e c o l l e g e ; t h a t e v e r y a t t e m p t be made t o p r o v i d e i n s t r u c t o r s w i t h a l i v i n g wage a f t e r t h e y have p r o v e d t h e i r v a l u e t o t h e c o l l e g e by p a s s i n g s u c c e s s f u l l y t h r o u g h the p r o b a t i o n a r y p e r i o d . b. t h a t a s e n i o r i t y s y s t e m be e s t a b l i s h e d among t h e p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s i n each d e p a r t m e n t , a c c o r d i n g t o t h e number o f s e c t i o n s each i n s t r u c t o r has t a u g h t . c. t h a t a r e g u l a r a ppointment o r a one-year temporary a p p o i n t m e n t w h i c h i s v a c a n t i n any g i v e n department be f i l l e d f rom t h e p o o l o f term i n s t r u c t o r s i n t h a t department, u n l e s s i t can be demon-s t r a t e d i n a r g u a b l y t h a t no p e r s o n i n the p o o l has t h e r e q u i r e d q u a l i f i c a t i o n s f o r t h e p o s i t i o n . d. t h a t a r e g u l a r appointment o r a one-year temporary a p p o i n t m e n t w h i c h i s v a c a n t i n any g i v e n department be o f f e r e d t o t h e most s e n i o r o f t h e members o f t h e p o o l i n t h a t department who has t h e n e c e s s a r y q u a l i f i c a t i o n s f o r t h e p o s i t i o n . e. t h a t p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s who have been t e a c h i n g 3/4 ti m e o r l e s s by p r e f e r e n c e be c o n s i d e r e d e l i g i b l e f o r t h e s e v a c a n c i e s . f . i f no member o f t h e p o o l has an i d e a l b a c k g r o u n d f o r a r e g u l a r v a c a n c y known t o be f o r t h c o m i n g , t h e n the s e n i o r o f t h o s e members o f t h e p o o l i n s u f f i c i e n t l y c l o s e a r e a s s h o u l d , i f p o s s i b l e , be g i v e n advance n o t i c e so t h a t s/he may r e t r a i n him-r-or h e r s e l f f o r the p o s i t i o n . g. t h a t p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s ( i n c l u d i n g t h o s e o f f - d u t y ) b e a s k e d each term t o f i l l o u t a form i n d i c a t i n g how many s e c t i o n s t h e y w o u l d l i k e i n the f o r t h c o m i n g term o r whether t h e y would l i k e t h e te r m o f f . I n t h i s way, Department Chairmen c o u l d a c c u r a t e l y d e t e r m i n e how much work each p o o l i n s t r u c t o r w a n t s . h. t h a t i n each term c o u r s e s be a l l o c a t e d t o t h e p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s a c c o r d i n g t o s e n i o r i t y and t h a t , WHENEVER POSSIBLE: i . moving down t h e s e n i o r i t y l i s t , i n d i v i d u a l by i n d i v i d u a l , each p o o l i n s t r u c t o r be o f f e r e d a minimum o f 3 s e c t i o n s ( p r e f e r a b l y 4) i n each term ( u n l e s s s/he wants fewer s e c t i o n s ) . i i . f u l l - t i m e work be o f f e r e d t o p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s as o f t e n as i t i s a v a i l a b l e . i i i . p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s be o f f e r e d a minimum o f 8 s e c t i o n s p e r academic y e a r . i v . i f a p o o l i n s t r u c t o r h as t a u g h t f e w e r t h a n 8 s e c t i o n s i n two terms th e n s/he s h o u l d be o f f e r e d a d d i t i o n a l s e c t i o n s i n t h e t h i r d t e r m i n o r d e r t o t e a c h a minimum o f 8 s e c t i o n s p e r academic y e a r . I n o t h e r w ords, no s y s t e m o f two terms on and one o f f s h o u l d be e n f o r c e d u n l e s s t h e i n s t r u c t o r w i s h e s t o have t h e t h i r d term o f f , as many do. 74 v. no i n s t r u c t o r s h o u l d l o s e f a v o r i n h i s / h e r department f o r r e q u e s t i n g a term o f f i f o f f e r e d o n l y l . o r 2 s e c t i o n s i n t h a t t e r m , o r f o r r e q u e s t i n g t h e t h i r d term i n a row o f f . v i . p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s be o f f e r e d e x t r a s e c t i o n s a c c o r d i n g t o s e n i o r i t y i f a d d i t i o n a l s e c t i o n s a r e opened a t r e g i s t r a t i o n . v i i . e v e r y a t t e m p t be made t o ensure f u l l - t i m e employment f o r t h o s e p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s who want i t b e f o r e new i n s t r u c t o r s a r e h i r e d . v i i i . p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s be g i v e n two months' w a r n i n g o f t h e employ-ment s i t u a t i o n f o r f o l l o w i n g t erms. t h a t s t e p s be t a k e n t o e n s u r e t h a t term i n s t r u c t o r s a r e p a i d what a r e g u l a r i n s t r u c t o r w o u l d be p a i d f o r d o i n g t h e same work i f , i n f a c t , d i s p a r i t i e s e x i s t i n some d e p a r t m e n t s , as has been s u g g e s t e d t o t h e Committee; i n p a r t i c u l a r , t h a t i n departments i n w h i c h t h e work l o a d i s c a l c u l a t e d w h o l l y o r p a r t i a l l y i n number o f h o u r s r a t h e r t h a n i n s e c t i o n s , c u r r e n t p r a c t i c e s be examined t o d e t e r m i n e whether term i n s t r u c t o r s a r e b e i n g p a i d t h e same as r e g u l a r f a c u l t y f o r t h e same work, and whether i n d i v i d u a l t e r m i n s t r u c t o r s a r e g i v e n t h e same o r d i f f e r e n t work l o a d s . t h a t t h e c o l l e g e , when c a l c u l a t i n g i n c r e m e n t s , a u t o m a t i c a l l y i n c l u d e c o n c u r r e n t e x p e r i e n c e e l s e w h e r e i f a term i n s t r u c t o r i s t e a c h i n g a t a n o t h e r c o l l e g e o r u n i v e r s i t y as w e l l , and t h a t a f o r m be s e n t t o each term i n s t r u c t o r w i t h e v e r y c o n t r a c t so t h a t s/he can submi t a r e c o r d o f such e x p e r i e n c e . 2. R e c o g n i t i o n a. t h a t a l l term i n s t r u c t o r s be l i s t e d i n t h e c a l e n d a r . b. t h a t term i n s t r u c t o r s be c o n s u l t e d about t e x t s , s c h e d u l e s , number of p r e p a r a t i o n s , o f f i c e s , and so on. c. t h a t p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s be i n v i t e d t o d e p a r t m e n t a l d i v i s i o n a l m e e t i n g s and be a l l o w e d v o i c e and v o t e i n t h o s e m e e t i n g s . d. t h a t p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s be a l l o w e d an i n c r e a s e d r o l e i n c o l l e g e o p e r a t i o n s and d e c i s i o n s , f o r example i n t h e e l e c t i o n o f d i v i s i o n and department c h a i r s . e. t h a t p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s have permanent m a i l b o x e s so t h a t t h e y can keep i n t o u c h w i t h the a f f a i r s o f t h e c o l l e g e t h r o u g h o u t t h e y e a r . f . t h a t p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s be g i v e n permanent o f f i c e s , when a v a i l a b l e , on a y e a r - r o u n d b a s i s so t h a t they may use them f o r u n p a i d p r o f e s -s i o n a l development i f t h e y choose. g. t h a t p o o l i n s t r u c t o r s be a l l o w e d t o a t t e n d c o n f e r e n c e s , m e e t i n g s , e t c . i n t h e i r f i e l d as r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of L a n g a r a . 75 3. Replacement of R e g u l a r F a c u l t y G i v e n t h a t i n c r e a s e d j o b s e c u r i t y and more r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r term i n s t r u c t o r s w i l l make them b e t t e r c o l l e a g u e s , we w o u l d s u g g e s t t h a t t h e p o o l o f term i n s t r u c t o r s be drawn on f o r r e p l a c i n g r e g u l a r i n s t r u c t o r s w h i l e t h e y t a k e t i m e t o s t r e t c h t h e i r l e g s from a f u l l t e a c h i n g l o a d . I n p a r t i c u l a r we recommend t h a t : a. r e g u l a r f a c u l t y members s h o u l d n o t be d i s c o u r a g e d , as seems t h e ease a t p r e s e n t , from r e d u c i n g t h e i r t e a c h i n g l o a d t o h a l f - t i m e f o r any l e n g t h of t i m e . (Such a s u g g e s t i o n has a l r e a d y been made i n t h e R e p o r t o f t h e J o i n t Committee on C o n t i n u i n g A p p o i n t m e n t s , ) b. r e g u l a r f a c u l t y members s h o u l d n o t be d i s c o u r a g e d from t a k i n g p e r i o d i c l e a v e s o f a b s e n c e , f o r p e r s o n a l o r p r o f e s s i o n a l r e a s o n s . c. e v e r y r e g u l a r f a c u l t y member on a l e a v e o f absence s h o u l d be r e p l a c e d w i t h a o ne-year temporary appointment o f f e r e d t o t h e most s e n i o r member of t h e p o o l i n t h a t department w i t h t h e r e q u i r e d q u a l i f i c a t i o n s . d. r e g u l a r f a c u l t y members s h o u l d n o t be d i s c o u r a g e d from r e t i r i n g e a r l y i s they have any i n c l i n a t i o n s i n t h a t d i r e c t i o n . 4. J o i n t A d m i n i s t r a t i o n / F a c u l t y Committee We recommend t h a t a J o i n t A d m i n i s t r a t i o n / F a c u l t y Committee, w i t h a t l e a s t one t e r m i n s t r u c t o r member, be s e t up t o i n v e s t i g a t e t h e f o l l o w i n g p o s s i b i l i t i e s : a. c r e a t i n g a d d i t i o n a l r e g u l a r a p p o i n t m e n t s i n d i v i s i o n s i n w h i c h th e p e r c e n t a g e o f s e c t i o n s t a u g h t by term i n s t r u c t o r s has been o v e r 20% f o r s e v e r a l y e a r s . b. c r e a t i n g r e n e w able one-year temporary a p p o i n t m e n t s w h e r e v e r a c o n t i n u o u s need f o r an a d d i t i o n a l i n s t r u c t o r has been shown. c. p r o v i d i n g p r o - r a t e d p r o f e s s i o n a l development t i m e f o r a l l i n s t r u c t o r s on t e r m a p p o i n t m e n t s (one month f o r e v e r y 4 s e c t i o n s t a u g h t o r e q u i v a l e n t , two weeks f o r e v e r y 2 s e c t i o n s t a u g h t , and so o n ) . 1 • ETQIA\S.^9J / a c u i t y in 77/3 Compared to 70/3, 7 l / 3 , 72/3, and 73/3 A //' of Regular I n s t r u c t o r s * a If of Term Ins t rue to ra * C rr of R e g u l a r Ins t r u e t o rs T e a c h i n g * * D // of Term Ins t r a c t o r s T e a c h i n g * * E T o t a l of C & 0 F D e x p r e s s e d as % of E 70/3 173 22 155 22 177 12* y 71/3 162 40 1•'; i 39 160 22% I 72/3 171 29 144 28 172 / 18/4 16% [ 73/3 174 38 146 38 184 21% ) 77/3 188 100 149 9 a 245 29% * Inc luding Counse11ors and L i b r a r i a n s • • I n c l u d i n g D i v i s i o n and Department Chairmen but e x c l u d i n g C o u n s e l l o r s , L i b r a r i a n s , and Non-Teaching I n s t r u c t o r s I I . f i r e n k d o n n o f 77/3 f a c u l t y b y O i ' A s i o n r A If of R e g u l a r I n s t rue t o r s T e a c h i n g b rr o f R e g u l a r Ins t r u e t o rs T o t a l . C rf of Tern on Term App'ts 0 1 I n s t r u on Year App'ts E c t o r s T o t a l T e a c h i n g F T o t a l of T e a c h i n g I n s t r u c t o r s 1 A fr F ) C E e x p r e s s e d as % of F Couns e11ing 8 6 1 1 2 10 20% L i b r a r y 9 9 0 1 1 10 10% E n g l i s h and Modern Lang. 30 3B 16 1 17 47 26% Mathematics and S c i e n c e s 31 33 10 1 11 42 26% S o c i a l S c i e n c e s 42 45 26 1 27 69 29% C a r e e r 46 55 31 11* 41 87 4 7# T o t a l 166 168 84 16* 99 265 37^ *on s n o t t e a c h i n g APPENDIX B CRITERIA OF PAYING PART-TIME FACULTY AT THE COLLEGES IN THE STUDY 77 78 APPENDIX B CRITERIA OF PAYING PART-TIME FACULTY AT THE COLLEGES IN THE STUDY (See c o p i e s o f F a c u l t y Agreements i n A p p e n d i x E f o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l . ) BCIT P r o - r a t a o f f u l l - t i m e g r i d x 4/5; p r i o r work e x p e r i e n c e c r e d i t a b l e . C a p i l a n o 1/8 o f f u l l - t i m e g r i d Step 1 p e r c o u r s e s e c t i o n w i t h advance-C o l l e g e ment t o n e x t s t e p a f t e r 8 s e c t i o n s t a u g h t up t o Step 4 maximum on a 12 - s t e p g r i d ; no c r e d i t f o r p r i o r work e x p e r i e n c e . Douglas 2/3 p r o - r a t a o f f u l l - t i m e g r i d , s t a r t a t Step 1 o f 13 Step C o l l e g e s p e c i a l s c a l e f o r s e s s i o n a l f a c u l t y ; no c r e d i t f o r p r i o r work e x p e r i e n c e . E a s t 1/10 o f p r o r a t a f u l l - t i m e g r i d S tep 1 p e r 3 c r e d i t c o u r s e ; Kootenay no c r e d i t f o r p r i o r work e x p e r i e n c e . C o l l e g e F r a s e r Two s e p a r a t e s e t c o n t r a c t f e e s f o r c o u r s e s w i t h l e s s t h a n V a l l e y 45 h o u r s / s e m e s t e r and f o r c o u r s e s w i t h more t h a n 45 h o u r s / C o l l e g e s e m e s t e r ; no c r e d i t f o r p r i o r w o r k i n g e x p e r i e n c e . VCC- P e r diem r a t e x number o f d u t y days t e a c h i n g ( i . e . 1/205 x La n g a r a f u l l - t i m e g r i d a t a l e v e l w h i c h i s n e g o t i a t e d a c c o r d i n g t o c r e d i t a b l e p r i o r work e x p e r i e n c e ) . VCC-WI/ Same as L a n g a r a . K i n g Edward APPENDIX C CRITERIA FOR TRANSITION FROM PART-TIME STATUS TO FULL-TIME STATUS AT THE COLLEGES I N THE STUDY 79 80 APPENDIX C CRITERIA FOR TRANSITION FROM PART-TIME STATUS TO FULL-TIME STATUS AT THE COLLEGES I N THE STUDY BCIT C a p i l a n o C o l l e g e Douglas C o l l e g e E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e VCC-L a n g a r a WC-W I / K i n g Edward I n any t e a c h i n g department no more t h a n 12 hours/week of c l a s s r o o m and/or l a b o r a t o r y i n s t r u c t i o n may be done by p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y employees i n any term o r q u a r t e r ; i f more, t h e n a f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n i s d e c l a r e d open. When o v e r a p e r i o d o f 3 c o n s e c u t i v e r e g u l a r s e m e s t e r s a department program has a d i f f e r e n t i a l o f a t l e a s t 2 s e c t i o n s p e r term between t h e t o t a l s e c t i o n s o f f e r e d and t h o s e t a u g h t by r e g u l a r ( f u l l - t i m e ) employees', t h e n t h e Dean s h a l l c o n s i d e r t h e a p p r o p r i a t e n e s s of c r e a t i n g a r e g u l a r f u l l -t i m e p o s i t i o n , g i v e n t h e l i m i t a t i o n s and c o n s t r a i n t s i n h e r e n t i n f i s c a l b u d g e t s and c u r r i c u l u m r e q u i r e m e n t s . No q u o t a p o l i c y . No q u o t a p o l i c y . U n o f f i c i a l p o l i c y : i f c o n t i n u i n g e n r o l l m e n t s w a r r a n t t h e n a f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n i s opened when t h e number o f p a r t - t i m e c o u r s e s i n a department e q u a l s a f u l l l o a d . F u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n i s opened when 1) o f f i c i a l l y , t h e p a r t - t i m e / f u l l - t i m e r a t i o exceeds 35/65 on a head count b a s i s o r 20/80 on a f u l l - t i m e l o a d e q u i v a l e n t b a s i s , o r 2) u n o f f i c i a l l y , when t h e number of p a r t - t i m e c o u r s e s i n a d i s c i p l i n e e q u a l s a f u l l l o a d and t h e n , s u b j e c t t o e n r o l l m e n t t r e n d s . A temporary i n s t r u c t o r who has been engaged f u l l - t i m e f o r a c o n t i n u o u s 12-month p e r i o d ( i n c l u s i v e o f n o r m a l a n n u a l v a c a t i o n e n t i t l e m e n t ) i n a p o s i t i o n t h a t has e x i s t e d f o r a t l e a s t one f u l l y e a r and t h a t can r e a s o n a b l y be e x p e c t e d t o e x i s t s h a l l be a p p o i n t e d as a r e g u l a r i n s t r u c t o r i f he i s recommended f o r r e - a p p o i n t m e n t t o s t a f f a t t h a t t i m e . APPENDIX D CATEGORIES OF PART-TIME FACULTY AT THE COLLEGES IN THE STUDY 81 82 APPENDIX D CATEGORIES OF PART-TIME FACULTY AT THE COLLEGES IN THE STUDY C a t e g o r i e s o f P a r t - t i m e F a c u l t y BCIT Temporary: e s s e n t i a l l y o n l y t o r e p l a c e a f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y member who i s s i c k o r on l e a v e , one y e a r a t a t i m e t o a maximum of 3 y e a r s . A u x i l i a r y : a p e r s o n employed on a n o n - c o n t i n u o u s b a s i s o r f o r an u n s t a t e d term and p a i d on an h o u r l y b a s i s . C a p i l a n o R e g u l a r P a r t - t i m e : minimum o f 4 i n s t r u c t i o n a l s e c t i o n s o v e r C o l l e g e an academic y e a r . Temporary Employee: has a t e a c h i n g c o n t r a c t n o r m a l l y n o t e x c e e d i n g 4 months a t a t i m e . The a p p o i n t m e n t i s n o t i n t e n d e d t o l e a d t o r e g u l a r employment. Douglas S e s s i o n a l F a c u l t y : a l l c o m b i n a t i o n s of p a r t - t i m e i n s t r u c t i o n C o l l e g e i s done by s e s s i o n a l f a c u l t y . Temporary F a c u l t y : a r e a p p o i n t e d f o r a s p e c i f i e d p e r i o d o f 15 months o r l e s s t o r e p l a c e a f a c u l t y member on l e a v e o r t o f i l l a temporary p o s i t i o n . C o n t r a c t I n s t r u c t o r : i s a s e s s i o n a l p e r s o n who has s u c c e s s f u l l y c o m p l e t e d 4 s e m e s t e r s o f s e s s i o n a l employment w i t h i n a 3-year p e r i o d . A c o n t r a c t i n s t r u c t o r may t h e n r e c e i v e a 3-year c o n t r a c t a s s u r i n g him o f employment d u r i n g t h e v a r i o u s s e m e s t e r s o f t h e 3-year p e r i o d p r o v i d i n g t h e r e a r e c o u r s e s a l l o t t e d f o r c o n t r a c t i n s t r u c t i o n . He has p r i o r i t y o v e r o t h e r s e s s i o n a l f a c u l t y and i s r a n k e d w i t h o t h e r c o n t r a c t i n s t r u c t o r s f o r c o u r s e a l l o c a t i o n s . E a s t Kootenay C o l l e g e F r a s e r V a l l e y C o l l e g e VCC -L a n g a r a No o f f i c i a l c a t e g o r i e s . R e g u l a r P a r t - t i m e : t h e s e t e a c h c o u r s e s on a r e g u l a r s e m e s t e r b a s i s w i t h no q u o t a s t i p u l a t i o n . S e s s i o n a l : t h e s e t e a c h on an o v e r l o a d b a s i s o n l y w i t h no i n t e n t i o n o f l e a d i n g t o a r e g u l a r f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n . R e g u l a r One Y e a r C o n t r a c t : (deemed a p a r t - t i m e c a t e g o r y s i n c e employment can be t e r m i n a t e d w i t h o u t a p p e a l t o p r o c e s s . ) N o r m a l l y v i e w e d as a p r o b a t i o n a r y c o n t r a c t , i t i s s u b j e c t t o t e r m i n a t i o n by t h e C o l l e g e C o u n c i l a t any t i m e upon one month's n o t i c e w i t h o u t r e c o u r s e t o t h e g r i e v a n c e p r o c e d u r e o r a p p e a l . Two more 2-year c o n t r a c t s f o l l o w t h e f i r s t when a c o n t i n u i n g c o n t r a c t i s g i v e n . A l l o f t h e s e r e q u i r e cause f o r t e r m i n a t i o n . 83 Temporary F a c u l t y Member: i s a p p o i n t e d t o a p o s i t i o n under w r i t t e n c o n t r a c t o f employment w h i c h s t i p u l a t e s s t a r t i n g and e n d i n g d a t e s . Such an.appointment i s n o t i n t e n d e d t o l e a d t o appointment as a r e g u l a r f a c u l t y member. A u x i l i a r y F a c u l t y Member: i s a p p o i n t e d f o r an u n s p e c i f i e d p e r i o d on a day- t o - d a y b a s i s whether f o r a f u l l day o r p a r t o f a day. W C - V V I / E s s e n t i a l l y t h e same as f o r WC - L a n g a r a e x c e p t f o r r e g u l a r KE one-year c o n t r a c t t h e r e i s p r o b a t i o n a r y r e g u l a r i n s t r u c t o r . VCC -L a n g a r a ( c o n t . ) APPENDIX E CATEGORIES OF PART-TIME AND FULL-TIME TEACHING EMPLOYEES AT THE COLLEGES IN THE STUDY 84 85 APPENDIX E CATEGORIES OF PART-TIME AND FULL-TIME TEACHING EMPLOYEES AT THE COLLEGES IN THE STUDY ARTICLE 4.00 - CATEGORIES OF EMPLOYEES BCIT 4.01 REGULAR EMPLOYEES 4.01.1 A p e r s o n employed f u l l t i m e o r p a r t t i m e on a c o n t i n u o u s b a s i s w i t h o u t t e r m , i n c l u d i n g an Employee on p r o b a t i o n a r y s t a t u s , i s d e f i n e d as a R e g u l a r Employee. 4.01.2 Each R e g u l a r F a c u l t y o r R e g u l a r T e c h n i c a l S t a f f Employee s h a l l be s u b j e c t t o an i n i t i a l o n e-year p r o b a t i o n a r y p e r i o d , d u r i n g w h i c h he s h a l l be i n c l u d e d w i t h i n a l l p r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s Agreement r e g a r d i n g R e g u l a r F a c u l t y o r R e g u l a r T e c h n i c a l S t a f f Employees. I f , a f t e r a p p r a i s a l as p r o v i d e d i n A r t i c l e 11.07 by an approved s y s t e m as p r o v i d e d i n A r t i c l e 11.07, h i s p e r f o r m a n c e i s f o u n d t o be u n s a t i s f a c t o r y , he w i l l be so n o t i f i e d . I f h i s p e r f o r m -ance i s found t o be so u n s a t i s f a c t o r y t h a t i t i s n o t i n t e n d e d t o re-employ him a f t e r t h e f i r s t y e a r , he must be so n o t i f i e d no l a t e r t h a n t h r e e (3) months p r i o r t o t h e e x p e c t e d t e r m i n a t i o n d a t e . 4.01.3 An Employee may be r e a p p o i n t e d f o r a second y e a r on t h e same b a s i s as i n 4.01.2 A f t e r s i x (6) months i n t h e second y e a r o f a p p o i n t m e n t an.Employee may be t e r m i n a t e d b a s e d on an a p p r a i s a l by an approved s y s t e m under A r t i c l e 11.07, by g i v i n g t h e Employee t h r e e (3) months w r i t t e n n o t i c e , i n c l u d i n g r e a s o n s , b e f o r e t h e e x p e c t e d t e r m i n a t i o n d a t e . 4.01.4 A f t e r t h e f i r s t y e a r t h e Employee may be g i v e n an appointment w i t h o u t t e r m , and a f t e r t h e second y e a r , f u r t h e r a p p o i n t m e n t must be w i t h o u t term. A l l i n s t r u c t i o n o f r e g u l a r l y s c h e d u l e d day c l a s s e s i n t e c h n o l o g y programmes w i l l be done by R e g u l a r Employees, e x c e p t : a) when a R e g u l a r Employee i s on s i c k l e a v e o r o t h e r l e a v e ; b) t o r e s o l v e temporary s c h e d u l i n g d i f f i c u l t i e s f o r a maximum of 6 months; and c) when A r t i c l e 4.05 of t h i s Agreement . s h a l l t a k e e f f e c t . 4.02 TEMPORARY EMPLOYEES 4.02.1 A p e r s o n employed p a r t - t i m e o r f u l l - t i m e w i t h a s t a t e d term o f employment whose pay i s based on t h e s a l a r y s c a l e f o r R e g u l a r Employees i s d e f i n e d as a Temporary Employee. 86 4.02.2 Temporary Employees s h a l l be used i n day c l a s s e s o f t e c h n o l o g y programs i n t h e f o l l o w i n g c i r c u m s t a n c e s o n l y : a) t o r e p l a c e a R e g u l a r Employee who i s a b s e n t on l e a v e f o r a s t a t e d t i m e ; b) t o r e p l a c e a R e g u l a r Employee on s i c k l e a v e , o r c) i n c a s e o f s c h e d u l i n g d i f f i c u l t i e s . 4.02.3 A temporary a p p o i n t m e n t may be made up t o one y e a r a t a t i m e , and may be renewed f o r up t o a t o t a l o f t h r e e y e a r s , p r o v i d e d t h i s a p p o i n t m e n t i s c l e a r l y made t o r e p l a c e a R e g u l a r Employee. 4.02.4 An Employee on l e a v e f o r any r e a s o n s h a l l , i f r e p l a c e d , be r e p l a c e d by a Temporary Employee o n l y , who s h a l l , i f s a t i s f a c t o r y , be g i v e n p r i o r i t y i n a p p l i c a t i o n f o r a r e g u l a r p o s i t i o n when one i s a v a i l a b l e . 4.03 AUXILIARY EMPLOYEES 4.03.1 A p e r s o n employed on n o n - c o n t i n u o u s b a s i s o r f o r an u n s t a t e d term and p a i d on an h o u r l y b a s i s i s d e f i n e d as an A u x i l i a r y Employee. 4.03.2 A u x i l i a r y Employees s h a l l be used i n day c l a s s e s of t e c h n o l o g y programs i n cases o f s c h e d u l i n g d i f f i c u l t i e s and f o r up t o s i x (6) months o n l y . 4.03.3 When i t i s i n t e n d e d t o r e p e a t a c o u r s e i n day c l a s s e s i n a t e c h n o l o g y program w h i c h has been t a u g h t by an A u x i l i a r y Employee, a r e g u l a r appointment must be made. 4.03.4 Only A u x i l i a r y Employees s h a l l be used i n C a r e e r Programmes c o u r s e s e x c e p t f o r t h e p r o v i s i o n f o r use o f R e g u l a r Employees i n 4.01 R e g u l a r Employees. 87 CAPILANO COLLEGE R e g u l a r F u l l - t i m e Employee A r e g u l a r f u l l - t i m e employee (RFT) s h a l l be employed a t a f u l l d u t y l o a d o f e i g h t (8) i n s t r u c t i o n a l s e c t i o n s o r t h e e q u i v a l e n t , o v e r an academic y e a r . L e s s t h a n a f u l l d u t y l o a d may be a s s i g n e d on a b a s i s a g r e e d between t h e employee, t h e c o o r d i n a t o r and the Dean. Where a r e g u l a r f u l l - t i m e employee i s e n t i t l e d , h a v i n g r e c e i v e d a s a t -i s f a c t o r y e v a l u a t i o n , t o a r e n e w a l o f h i s / h e r RFT a p p o i n t m e n t , such r e -newal must be f o r a f u l l d u t y l o a d a s s ignment u n l e s s the R e d u c t i o n Sequence i n s e c t i o n 11.6.4.2. i s employed. R e g u l a r P a r t - t i m e Employee A r e g u l a r p a r t - t i m e employee (RPT) s h a l l be employed f o r a minimum o f f o u r (4) i n s t r u c t i o n a l s e c t i o n s o r the e q u i v a l e n t , o v e r an academic y e a r . L e s s t h a n f o u r (4) i n s t r u c t i o n a l s e c t i o n s may be a s s i g n e d on a b a s i s a g r e e d between t h e employee, t h e c o o r d i n a t o r and t h e Dean. Where a r e g u l a r p a r t - t i m e employee i s e n t i t l e d , h a v i n g r e c e i v e d a s a t -i s f a c t o r y e v a l u a t i o n , t o a r e n e w a l o f h i s / h e r RPT a p p o i n t m e n t , s u c h r e n e w a l must be f o r a minimum o f f o u r (4) i n s t r u c t i o n a l s e c t i o n s o r the e q u i v a l e n t , o v e r an academic y e a r , u n l e s s the R e d u c t i o n Sequence i n s e c t i o n 11.6.4.2. i s employed. The p a r t i e s a g r e e t h a t t h e C o l l e g e i s under no o b l i g a t i o n t o renew RPT a p p o i n t m e n t s f o r more th a n t h e minimum number o f s e c t i o n s d e t a i l e d above. ( d e l e t e d - see 6.5.1.2.1.1) Temporary Employee A temporary employee (TEMP) i s one a p p o i n t e d t o a c o n t r a c t o f employment p u r s u a n t t o s e c t i o n 11.5.5 o f t h i s Agreement. Appointment as a t emporary employee i s n o t i n t e n d e d t o l e a d t o r e g u l a r employment. 88 DOUGLAS COLLEGE PROBATIONARY PERIOD The f i r s t f o u r s e m e s t e r s o f s e s s i o n a l employment s h a l l be c o n s i d e r e d p r o b a t i o n a r y i n n a t u r e . A f t e r s u c c e s s f u l c o m p l e t i o n o f f o u r s e m e s t e r s o f s e s s i o n a l employment w i t h i n a t h r e e - y e a r p e r i o d , t h e s e s s i o n a l f a c -u l t y member i s e l i g i b l e and may a p p l y f o r a t h r e e - y e a r c o n t r a c t as a c e r t i f i e d c o n t r a c t i n s t r u c t o r . The a p p l i c a t i o n w i l l be made t o t h e a p p r o p r i a t e d i s c i p l i n e s e l e c t i o n committee w h i c h w i l l , i n t u r n , convey i t s d e c i s i o n t o t h e P e r s o n n e l Department. CERTIFIED CONTRACT INSTRUCTOR ( i ) A c e r t i f i e d c o n t r a c t i n s t r u c t o r s h a l l be a s s u r e d employment d u r i n g the v a r i o u s s e m e s t e r s o f t h e t h r e e - y e a r p e r i o d i f t h e r e a r e c o u r s e s a l l o t t e d f o r c o n t r a c t i n s t r u c t i o n w h i c h , i n t he o p i n i o n o f t h e S e l e c t i o n Committee, t h e c e r t i f i e d c o n -t r a c t i n s t r u c t o r i s q u a l i f i e d t o t e a c h . When more c e r t i f i e d c o n t r a c t i n s t r u c t o r s t h a n r e q u i r e d a r e a v a i l a b l e t o t e a c h s c h e d u l e d c o n t r a c t s e c t i o n s , the S e l e c t i o n Committee s h a l l r a n k them and t h e c o n t r a c t s s h a l l be o f f e r e d i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h a t r a n k i n g . ( i i ) The c e r t i f i e d c o n t r a c t i n s t r u c t o r s h a l l have p r i o r i t y o v e r o t h e r s e s s i o n a l i n s t r u c t o r s w i t h r e s p e c t t o f u r t h e r c o n t r a c t a p p o i n t m e n t s . ( i i i ) The c e r t i f i e d c o n t r a c t i n s t r u c t o r may, w i t h o u t p r e j u d i c e t o h i s / h e r c e r t i f i e d s t a t u s , g i v e n o t i c e t h a t he/she i s u n a v a i l -a b l e a t l e a s t one month p r i o r t o t h e b e g i n n i n g o f t h e t e a c h i n g s e m e s t e r , o r l a t e r i f a c c e p t a b l e t o t h e C o l l e g e . I f t h e c e r t i f i e d c o n t r a c t i n s t r u c t o r d e c l i n e s a s c h e d u l e d c o n t r a c t when i t i s o f f e r e d , he/she t h e r e b y r e l i n q u i s h e s h i s / h e r c e r t i f i e d s t a t u s . The c e r t i f i e d c o n t r a c t i n s t r u c t o r may a p p e a l s u c h r e l i n q u i s h m e n t t o the a p p r o p r i a t e d i s c i p l i n e s e l e c t i o n c ommittee. ( i v ) A l l c o n t r a c t o f f e r s w i l l be made i n w r i t i n g . F o r s c h e d u l e d c l a s s e s , t h e C o l l e g e w i l l i s s u e c o n t r a c t s t h i r t y days p r i o r t o t h e i r commencement. C o n t r a c t s f o r u n s c h e d u l e d c l a s s e s and f o r r e p l a c e m e n t i n s t r u c t o r s w i l l be i s s u e d as r e q u i r e d . 16.04 SESSIONAL FACULTY ORIENTATION I t s h a l l be a c o n d i t i o n o f employment t h a t s e s s i o n a l f a c u l t y who have no t p r e v i o u s l y a t t e n d e d a C o l l e g e o r i e n t a t i o n program s h a l l a t t e n d an o r i e n t a t i o n s e s s i o n o f n o t more t h a n one e v e n i n g , one mo r n i n g o r one a f t e r n o o n , i m m e d i a t e l y p r i o r t o t h e b e g i n n i n g o f t h e semester f o r w h i c h t h e y have been employed. 89 ARTICLE 8 - SALARIES - SESSIONAL FACULTY REMUNERATION 8.01 F o r t h e p e r i o d A p r i l 1, 1977 t o December 31, 1977 t h e mechanism fr o m t h e p r e v i o u s c o l l e c t i v e agreement (now d e l e t e d ) f o r d e t e r -m i n i n g s a l a r i e s o f p r o r a t a s and c o n t r a c t i n s t r u c t o r s ( i . e . A r t i c l e s 4.2, 4.2.1, 4.2.2, 4.2.3, 5.4.1, 5.4.3) rema i n s unchanged e x c e p t t h a t t h e a p p l i c a b l e s c a l e s a r e i n c r e a s e d 5% r e t r o a c t i v e t o A p r i l 1,.1977. 8.02 E f f e c t i v e J a n u a r y 1, 1978 the f o l l o w i n g s a l a r y s c a l e w i l l become a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l s e s s i o n a l f a c u l t y ( w h i c h i n c l u d e s t h o s e f o r m -e r l y d e s i g n a t e d as p r o r a t a ) : PAYMENT PER SEMESTER CREDIT LEVEL J a n u a r y 1/78 - March 31/78 A p r i l 1/78 - March 31/79 A 520 B 540 C 560 D 580 E 600 F 620 G 640 H 660 I 680 J 700 K 720 L 740 M 760 8.03 P r e s e n t S e s s i o n a l s ( p r o r a t a s and c o n t r a c t s ) w i l l move t o t h e new s c a l e J a n u a r y 1, 1978 i n a manner t h a t has been a g r e e d upon by the r e s p e c t i v e n e g o t i a t i n g c o m m i t t e e s , t h e e x a c t terms o f w h i c h w i l l be o u t l i n e d i n a l e t t e r t o t h o s e a f f e c t e d . 8.04 H e n c e f o r t h new a p p o i n t m e n t s w i l l be a t l e v e l A. 8.05 E f f e c t i v e J a n u a r y 1, 1978 S e s s i o n a l s w i l l b e g i n a c c u m u l a t i n g c r e d i t s and w i l l move up one l e v e l on t h e s c a l e a t t h e t i m e o f t h e i r n e x t a p p o i n t m e n t , f o l l o w i n g c o m p l e t i o n o f i n s t r u c t i n g 9 c r e d i t s . 8.06 F o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p l y i n g t h e s e c a l c u l a t i o n s t o f a c u l t y n o t s t r i c t l y i n v o l v e d i n t e a c h i n g c r e d i t c o u r s e s , a 12 c r e d i t t e a c h i n g l o a d p e r se m e s t e r i s equated t o a ' f u l l t i m e ' s i t u a t i o n , w i t h l e s s e r t i m e b e i n g d e a l t w i t h on a p r o r a t a b a s i s . 8.07 I n a d d i t i o n , a l l S e s s i o n a l F a c u l t y w i l l r e c e i v e 4% v a c a t i o n pay. 8.08 S e s s i o n a l F a c u l t y a r e n o t s u b j e c t t o t h e same c o n t r a c t r e s t r i c t i o n s o r b e n e f i t s as r e g u l a r f a c u l t y . 90 VCC - LANGARA DEFINITIONS R e g u l a r F a c u l t y Member - a f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y member a p p o i n t e d t o a f u l l -t i m e p o s i t i o n under one o f t h e c o n t r a c t s n o t e d i n t h i s Agreement f o r r e g u l a r f a c u l t y members. A r e g u l a r f a c u l t y member may be employed f o r a s t i p u l a t e d p e r i o d on a p a r t - t i m e b a s i s by agreement between t h e f a c u l t y member and the C o l l e g e . A r e g u l a r f a c u l t y member i s e n t i t l e d t o a l l Employee B e n e f i t s under t h i s Agreement. Temporary F a c u l t y Member - a f a c u l t y member a p p o i n t e d t o a p o s i t i o n under w r i t t e n c o n t r a c t o f employment w h i c h s t i p u l a t e s s t a r t i n g and e n d i n g d a t e s . Such an appointment i s n o t i n t e n d e d t o l e a d t o ap p o i n t m e n t as a r e g u l a r f a c u l t y member. A temporary f a c u l t y member a p p o i n t e d on a b a s i s o f o n e - h a l f t i m e o r more and f o r a month o r more i s e n t i t l e d t o a l l Employee B e n e f i t s under t h i s Agreement. Any o t h e r f a c u l t y member i s e n t i t l e d t o t h e f o l l o w i n g Employee. B e n e f i t s : a n n u a l v a c a t i o n , g e n e r a l ( s t a t u a t o r y ) h o l i d a y s , Unemployment I n s u r a n c e . A u x i l i a r y F a c u l t y Member - a f a c u l t y member a p p o i n t e d f o r an u n s p e c i f i e d p e r i o d on a day- t o - d a y b a s i s w h e t h e r f o r a f u l l day o r p a r t o f a day. An a u x i l i a r y f a c u l t y member i s n o t c o v e r e d by any p r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s Agreement e x c e p t A r t i c l e s 1;2;5;6;7;8.1;8.2;8.8. T h i s agreement does n o t a p p l y t o any employee engaged under Community E d u c a t i o n S e r v i c e s . 91 VCC - WI/KING EDWAPvD ARTICLE I I I - DEFINITIONS A. R e g u l a r I n s t r u c t o r A f u l l - t i m e i n s t r u c t o r a p p o i n t e d t o a f u l l - t i m e p o s i t i o n t h a t i s e x p e c t e d to be c o n t i n u o u s from y e a r t o y e a r . A r e g u l a r i n s t r u c t o r i s e n t i t l e d t o a l l employee b e n e f i t s under t h i s Agreement. Not-w i t h s t a n d i n g a n y t h i n g c o n t a i n e d i n t h i s Agreement, t h e t e r m o f engagement o f a r e g u l a r i n s t r u c t o r i s on a month-to-month b a s i s ( a d a t e i n one month t o t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g d a t e i n t h e f o l l o w i n g month). A. 1. P r o b a t i o n a r y R e g u l a r I n s t r u c t o r A r e g u l a r i n s t r u c t o r who i s s e r v i n g t h e p r o b a t i o n a r y p e r i o d o f a t l e a s t one y e a r , and n o t more t h a n two y e a r s , f o r e v a l u a t i o n o f h i s / h e r s u i t a b i l i t y f o r t e a c h i n g p r i o r ' t o b e i n g a p p o i n t e d as a permanent r e g u l a r i n s t r u c t o r . 2. Permanent R e g u l a r I n s t r u c t o r A r e g u l a r i n s t r u c t o r who has s u c c e s s f u l l y c o m p l e t e d t h e p r o -b a t i o n a r y p e r i o d and who has been a p p o i n t e d as a permanent r e g u l a r i n s t r u c t o r . B. Temporary I n s t r u c t o r An i n s t r u c t o r a p p o i n t e d t o a p o s i t i o n under w r i t t e n c o n t r a c t o f employment w h i c h s t i p u l a t e s s t a r t i n g and e n d i n g d a t e s . Such an a p p o i n t m e n t i s n o t i n t e n d e d t o l e a d t o a p p o i n t m e n t as a r e g u l a r i n s t r u c t o r . A temporary i n s t r u c t o r a p p o i n t e d on a b a s i s o f one-h a l f t i m e o r more and s p a n n i n g a whole c a l e n d a r month o r more i s e n t i t l e d t o a l l employee b e n e f i t s under t h i s Agreement. Any o t h e r t emporary i n s t r u c t o r i s e n t i t l e d t o t h e f o l l o w i n g employee b e n -e f i t s : a n n u a l v a c a t i o n , g e n e r a l ( s t a t u t o r y ) h o l i d a y s , unemployment i n s u r a n c e . C. A u x i l i a r y I n s t r u c t o r An i n s t r u c t o r a p p o i n t e d f o r an u n s p e c i f i e d p e r i o d on a d a y - t o - d a y b a s i s w h e t h e r f o r a f u l l day o r p a r t o f a day. An a u x i l i a r y i n s t r u c t o r i s n o t c o v e r e d by any p r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s Agreement e x c e p t A r t i c l e s I , I I I , I V , V, VI.A, V I . B , VI.C, and V I . L . D. Change i n Type o f Appointment A temporary i n s t r u c t o r who has been engaged f u l l - t i m e f o r a c o n -t i n u o u s twelve-month p e r i o d ( i n c l u s i v e o f n o r m a l a n n u a l v a c a t i o n e n t i t l e m e n t ) i n a p o s i t i o n t h a t has e x i s t e d f o r a t l e a s t one f u l l y e a r and t h a t can r e a s o n a b l y be e x p e c t e d t o c o n t i n u e t o e x i s t 92 s h a l l be appointed as a regular i n s t r u c t o r i f he i s recommended for reappointment to s t a f f at that time. A temporary i n s t r u c t o r who has been appointed as a regular i n - ' s t r u c t o r i n the same p o s i t i o n may, at the d i s c r e t i o n of the College, and upon the recommendation of the P r i n c i p a l , have a l l or part of h i s experience as a temporary i n s t r u c t o r applied to the probationary period required before appointment as a regular permanent i n s t r u c t o r . E. The College's r i g h t to appoint temporary and a u x i l i a r y i n s t r u c t o r s i s only to be exercised when the nature and requirements of the course make i t impractical to appoint regular i n s t r u c t o r s . APENDIX F SELECTED EXTRACTS FROM BIL 82 THE COLEGES AND PROVINCIAL INSTITUTES ACT RELATING TO PART-TIME FACULTY 93 APPENDIX F Government Bill i: Second Session, Thirty-first Parliament 25-26 Elizabeth i i , 1977 • Legislative Assembly of British Columbia B I L L 82 COLLEGES AND PROVINCIAL INSTITUTES ACT Honourable Patrick L. McGcer Minister of Education I'rimc.l by K . M . M A C D O N A L D , Primer lo ihe Qi ic tn 's M o s i Ejci - lk-nl M:i j , in riuhl of tlic Province of British C o l u m b i a . 1977 95 M I N I S T E R O F E D U C A T I O N . XT OOI jB l L L • N o v § 2 i • [1977 ^ Colleges and Provincial Institutes Act HER MAJESTY, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of British Columbia, enacts as follows: PART I INTERPRETATION AND DIVISION OF THE ACT Interprc- 1. Ill this Act tation. "academic council" means the academic council established under this Act; "accredited" means accredited for the purposes of this Act by the minister or by a body empowered under an enactment to licence or register persons; "benefits" means remuneration for employment but does not include benefits excepted by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council; "board" means the board of an institution and, in Part Vii, includes a council; "college" means a college designated under this Act; "college region" means a college region designated under this Act; "continuing education" includes education or (raining offered by an institution to adult persons on a part-lime or short-term basis; "corporation" means a council or institution; "council" means, as the context requires, the management advisory council, the occupational training council, the academic council, or a council established under this Act; "institution" means a college or Provincial institute; "management advisory council" means the management advisory council established under this Act; "minister" means that member of the Executive Council charged by order of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council with administration of this Act; "occupational training council" means the occupational training council . established under this Act; "post-secondary education or training" means education or training, funded by the Government, that is not provided under the Universities Act, the Public Schools Act, the Independent Schools Support Act, or the • .Appreniiccslup-aiuLTraining Development-Act; — -—• ~v ) "professional employee" means an employee of an institution who provides ^ educational services directly or indirectly to students and includes an ~^ employee who is a librarian or an administrator; . — 96 c 9 0 Annual report. Principal and employees. Suspension of staff members or students. Duties. (b) the institution may give such security and may make and execute in its own name such mortgages, agreements, deeds and other instruments as it considers necessary or advisable for the purposes of borrowing money under that Act, and (c) the institution in its annual capital budget shall provide for repayment of money borrowed under that Act and accrued interest in accordance with the terms of the debentures sold and issued. 26. The institution shall make an annual report of its transactions to the minister, in which it shall set out a balance-sheet and a statement of revenue and expenditure for the year ending on the preceding 31st day of March, and such other particulars as the minister may require. 27. (1) Each board shall appoint a principal who shall be the chief executive officer and who shall, under the direction of the board, supervise and direct the instructional, administrative and other staff of the institution and exercise such powers and perform such duties as arc assigned to him by the board. /""^ ' "~ (2) Without limiting the generality of subsection ()H4he principal may) (a) recommend to the board appointments, promotiohT'and removal of members of the instructional, administrative and other staff, /\b) authorize a person who is not a member of the instructionaT'siaTf" of the institution to give instruction at the institution in a course authorized by the board. • 28. (1) The principal of an institution may, for just cause, suspend a member of the instructional, administrative or other staff or an employee of the institution. (2) The principal of an institution may, for just cause, suspend a student of the institution and deal summarily with a matter of student discipline. (3) On exercise of a power of suspension under this section, (he principal shall forthwith report the action to the board with a statement of his reasons. (4) A person suspended under this section has the right of appeal to the board. 29. (1) The principal or his designate shall attend all meetings of the board and advise it on al! matters pertaining to the operation of the institution. (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the board may, by resolution, exclude the principal or his designate from all or pail of a meeting of the board. (3) The principal shall each year, and at other times at the request of the board, report to the board on the progress of the institution and include recommendations for the benefit and advancement of the institution. APPENDIX G EXTRACTS FROM AUGUST 1977 EDUCATIONAL STATISTICS POST SECONDARY EDUCATION, B.C. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION 1. F u l l - T i m e S t a f f a t B.C. Community C o l l e g e s 2. P a r t - T i m e S t a f f a t B.C. Community C o l l e g e s 3. T o t a l ( F u l l - T i m e P l u s P a r t - T i m e ) S t a f f a t B.C. Community C o l l e g e s 97 Educational Data Services B.C. Ministry of Education PART-TIME STAFF AT B.C. COMMUNITY COLLEGES. VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS AND B.C.I.T.. BY INSTITUTION AND BY ACADEMIC RANK OR POSITION, August, 1977 \ . ACA2EUIC RANK \ , OR ^ \ P O S I T I O N INSTITUTION SENIOR ADMINIS-. TRATION 1 ADMINIS-TRATIVE , ASSISTANT 2 INSTRUC-TIONAL ADMINIS-, TRATION J INSTRUCTORS INSTRUC-TIONAL . ASSISTANTS^ LIBRARIANS5 :0UHSELL0RS" OTHER ADMINIS-, TRATION b HOT REPORTED TCTA.L B.C.i.T. - - - - - - - -B.C. Mining - - - - - - - - -Sjr-.aby - 0 3 -o 0 0 0 0 3 Cc~:itin - - 0 20 0 0 0 0 0 20 Capilino - - 1 98 0 0 0 2 0 101 Caritco - - 0 29 0 ° 0 0 0 29 D e l i a s - - 0 144 0 6 4 0 0 154 East Kootenay - - 0 15 0 0 0 \ 0 ^ 0 15 Fraser Valley - 0 82 0 0 0 _ 82" - - - - - „. ."ala spina - - 0 43 0 o 0 o- n - *• .0 43 "='.-.• Caledonia - - 0 43 0 o • _ 0 " '! 0 43 "crthsrn Lights - - 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 5 '.Ci'tn Island - - 3 46 3 0 0 0 i 7 59 ::ci'tr..yrst - - 5 9 0 0 0 0 ] 0 14 Okciijgan - - 0 29 3 0 0 . 0 0 32 Sei < i rl: - - 0 14 0 1 0 0 0 15 Vancojver - - 0 — — _ _ _ J 143 1 1 0 0 | 0 145 1 ^ . - - 9 1 723 7 8 4 * 1 7 760 SOURCE: NOTES: ^College S t a t i s t i c a l Reports. October 31, 1976. 2Includes principals, deans, directors, bursars, registrars etc 3Includes assistant deans, assistants to bursars, administrative officers etc ^includes chairmen, co-ordinators, department heads, etc jlncludes lab demonstrators, teaching assistants; etc 6Some institutions did not report counsellors and librarians Includes managers, supervisors, other non-instructional staff earning over $18,000 per year, etc. Educational Data Services B.C. Ministry of Education FULL-TIME STAFF AT B.C. COMMUNITY COLLEGES. VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS AND B.C. I .T . , BY INSTITUTION AND BY ACADEMIC RANK OR POSITION, OCTOBER 31, 1976 August, 1977 ACADEMIC RANK OR POSITION TlOli SEMIOR ACMIMIS-ATI ON .C. I .T . 5.C. Mining £ast Kootenay Fraser Valley rarey V.sleiS'r.a Caledonia Northern Lights M r - h island "or'.hwfst Ckar.agan Selki rk I ADMINIS-TRATIVE , ASSISTANT i 16 9 "To" INSTRUC-TIONAL ADKKHS-, TRATION ' 28 29 23 10 INSTRUCTORS 295 134 125 62 INSTRUC-TIONAL ,1 ASSISTANTS 1 OTHER ADMINIS-LIBRARIAIIS5COUNSELLORSJ|TRATIOM 110 130 10 45 20 TCTAL 6 "76" 144 13 127 86 24 14 34 119 93 61 32 213 419 1,855 42 28 M3T REPORTED 1 "vi 56 TOTAL 349 10 150 170 112 147 184 1? 54 25 158 111 34 25 43 151 22 117 "535" 2,392 SOURCE• College S t a t i s t i c a l Reports, October 31, 1976. inc ludes chairmen, co-ordinators, department heads, etc. ^Includes lab demonstrators, teaching assistants , etc . Educational Data Services B.C. Ministry of Education TOTAL (FULL-TIME PLUS PART-TIME) STAFF AT B.C. COMMUNITY COLLEGES, VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS AND B.C.I.T.. BY INSTITUTION AND BY ACADEMIC RANK OR POSITION, 0CT08ER 31, 1976 August, 1977 \ . ACADEMIC RANK \ . OR ^\FOSITION INSTITUTION SENIOR ADHINIS-. TRATION 1 ADMINIS-TRATIVE , ASSISTANT * INSTRUC-TIONAL ADMINIS-, TRATION J INSTRUCTORS INSTRUC-TIONAL , ASSISTANTS LIBRARIANS5 ;OUNSELLORS£ I OTHER ADMINIS-. TRATION 0 NOT REPORTED TOTAL | B.C.I-T. 16 3 28 295 1 0 0 4 6 0 341 B.C. lining 2 0 u 8 0 0 0 0 0 10 Surnaby 6 0 9 137 0 0 1 0 0 153 Can-osun 9 0 29 145 1 1 5 0 0 190 Capilano 10 0 24 160 1 4 6. 8 0 213 Cari boo 7 5 • 10 139 11 0 3 1 0 176 ! Douglas 16 6 7 274 5 13 13 4 0 338 East Kootenay 5 0 0 25 0 1 1 0 0 32 Fraser Valley 7 1 0 127 0 1 0 0 0 136 Hj-ey 3 0 1 20 0 0 1 0 . - 0 25 Ualaspina 11 4 4 170 7 1 3 1 *'""" 0 201 t\ew Caledonia 6 1 5 129 4 4 5 0 ' 0 154 Northern Lights 6 0 2 29 0 1 1 0 0 39 North Island 2 0 11 60 4 0 0 0 7 84 Northwest 3 0 11 43 0 0 0 0 0 57 Gkanagan 9 2 7 148 11 1 3 2 0 183 Selkirk 6 1 13 107 0 2 1 2 0 132 Vancouver 20 9 61 562 4 7 17 0 0 600 TOTAL 144 32 222 2.578 49 36 60 24 7 3,152 SOURCE: College Statistical Reports, October 31, 1976. NOTES: includes principals, deans, directors, bursars, registrars, etc. includes assistant deans, assistants to bursars, administrative officers, etc. 3lncludes chairmen, co-ordlnators, department heads, etc. includes lab demonstrators, teaching assistants, etc. r>o» institutions did not report counsellors and librarians. Induces managers, supervisors, other non-Instructional staff earning over $18,000 per year, etc. APPENDIX H TIME ANALYSIS CHARTS These show t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p a r t - t i m e f a c u l t y i n t h r e e main c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s o f t h e c o l l e g e s . They a l s o show t h e r a t i o o f p a r t - t i m e t o f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y f o r each o f t h e s e m e s t e r s of t h e c o l l e g e y e a r . The a n a l y s i s e x t e n d s as f a r b a c k as r e c o r d s a r e c o n v e n i e n t l y a v a i l a b l e i n each c o l l e g e . Legend U U n i v e r s i t y T r a n s f e r Programs TV C a r e e r / T e c h n i c a l Programs TR V o c a t i o n a l T r a i n i n g Programs PT/FT R a t i o o f P a r t - T i m e F a c u l t y t o F u l l - T i m e F a c u l t y 100 T I M E A N A L Y S I S APPENDIX H 101 5' This table will show the distribution of part-time faculty in three main curriculum areas of the college It also wil l show the ratio of part-time to full-time faculty for each of the semesters of the college year. The analysis should extend back to the first operating year of the college if records are available. U — University Transfer TV — Technical/Vocational \ TR — Training Programs (Apprentice, Pre-Apprentice - J BC WSTITVTE Of TECHH0LAG1 : Year Spring Semester U TV TR P T / F T U TV TR Fall Semester U TV TR P T / F T U TV TR Summer Semester U TV TR P T / F T U TV TR "Vgay 1Q77 %l 17-. ... . " % ? 1Q7C . <15 ? ? *A (,v I 31 o o O ° A AA (before, if available) CAPILANO COLLEGE-Year Spring Semester U : TV TR P T / F T U 1 TV TR Fall Semester U TV | TR P T / F T U ' T V TR Summer ! Semester j P T / F T U | TV j TR 1 U 1 TV TR 1977 1976 1975 1974 1973 1972 1971 4-1 ll (6 2>< 73 6 n-tf.. o -r? -y> •••[•••'I ''.XX.'.'.. 4/ 7 4k1?\ 4 & < $ X '41 7?.. '"U ""i ' " i " 3 J • • • i • • • -i i ! • • • j - - j . . . j . . . . . . . . . . -n /a / : % ; . . I I \ I (before, if i available) 102 TIME ANALYSIS 5. This table will show the distribution of part-time faculty in three main curriculum areas of the college. It also will show the ratio of part-time tu full-time faculty for each of the semesters of the college year. The analysis should extend back to the first operating year of the college if records are available. U — University Transfer TV — Technical/Vocational TR - Training Programs (Apprentice, Pre-Apprentice . D O U G L A S C O L L E G E Year 1977 1976 1975 1974 . . . . . 1973 1972 1971 1970 (before, it available) Spring Semester U ! TV ITR PT/FT U !TV ITR Fall Semester u !TV ;TR PT/FT U I TV iTR Summer Semester U [TV TR PT/FT U TV TR FRASER MALLEI COLLEGE Spring Semester U 1 TV TR PT/FT U TV TR Fall Semester U TV TR PT/FT U TV TR Summer Semester U TV TR PT/FT U TV TR 1977 1976 33 i ° A 2o -<zoq -1972 1971 1970 (before, if . . . . . . . . j . - - -available) T I M E A N A L Y S I S 103 This table will show the distribution of part-time faculty in three main curriculum areas of the college. It also wil l show the ratio of part-time to full-time faculty for each of the semesters of the college year. The analysis should extend back io the first operating year of the college if records are available. U — University Transfer ^ TV — Technical/Vocational : j , TR — Training Programs (Apprentice, Pre-Apprentice '/ ymcouvm comm ITYcollege - L A N G A R A Year (before, if available) VANCOUVER a m m v i cclle&~ W i , KING UPWARD Vair Spring Semester U TV JTR P T / F T U TV TR Fall Semester U i T V ;TR P T / F T U TV TR Summer Semester u !TV ;TR i P T / F T U TV ITR ; T ear 1977 1976 1975 1974 JO 2>o\iH /o'J4c im q Wvri q to J3 175 / 39 //Z 1972 1971 . j . (before, if available) 104 T I M E A N A L Y S I S 5. This table will show the distribution of part-time faculty in three main curriculum areas of the college. It also will show the ratio of part-time to full-time faculty for each of the semesters of the college year. The analysis should extend back to (he first operating year of the college if records are available. U — University Transfer ^ TV — Technical/Vocational ( > TR — Training Programs (Apprentice, Pre-Apprentice EAST K D O T E N A V C O L L I E Year 1977 1976 1975 1974 1973 1972 1971 1970 Spring Semester U TV TR P T / F T U TV TR Fall Semester U TV TR P T / F T U TV- TR Summer | Semester U TV TR P T / F T U TV TR b Jt re, if available) MLCOUBCnBS \N T H E 5 T U P V (sPK.%-FhlCV) Year 1977 1976 1975 1974 1973 1972 1971 1970 (before, if available) Spring Semester U TV TR P T / F T U TV TR Summer Semester U TV TR APPENDIX I GRAPHS OF PART-TIME FACULTY AND FULL-TIME FACULTY a) By c u r r i c u l u m a r e a : u n i v e r s i t y t r a n s f e r programs, c a r e e r / t e c h n i c a l programs, v o c a t i o n a l t r a i n i n g programs \ F o r each c o l l e g e and a c u m u l a t i v e t o t a l b) A l l c u r r i c u l u m a r e a s combined and a c u m u l a t i v e t o t a l 105 106 106 D O U G L A S C O L L E G E . 209 2 [lo. Of-fit FflCW FT. Ff)CUL\ri (t-ICiHT) -if 5 F 3° 5 F ^ 7 S F Sp 5 Sf> ^ f Sp 5 F mi 1^73 #74 MS fflt. /<i77 'Tr 2<A Ao.cf fir-mean rlrirlrlni Sp 5 F CP S f -sp 5 F sp S F <,f 5 f 5f 5 /* /?72 tfV #7* /f77 FT" 2d| (fo.of PT ffiaxn wo F.tmcvixil 4 '972. ^ 1973 Jf7^ M7f #7** ' 107 uM.vefi^T^ -MAN^R . CAPlLhNO COLLEGE do.OF «T. fBOJtTH •(DAW) (Ucj»T) Sf 5 F S p 5 F -sp 5 F «p S F Sp 5 • F Sp S F /?72 / f » " /f77 PT 2o| fucuri mo (Dm) 4 VpC ATI 0*i£\ L^TRfllN I df-) If71. 1973 )f74 If7^ #7t> • '177 o 108 50\ (id. OF pr. tbax • AMP z s FT. FfiCULT-J (LIGHT) FRASER VALLEY COLLEGE: Qbfcl 5f V F 3 p S F Sp S F Sp S f 6f S F *p S '? mi i<?73 MS 1^77 66] Ao.oF fir. PT*. FncMtTf/ r l r l O i l Sf -b F S p - 5 F «f 5 F « f S F S p 5 F- 5 F il7z im m4 rt^ W W7 £1 FT 4o| fJo.oF PX-Ffcuixi wo FX-mwiXi\ (item 5f> S F $f> 5 F 5p S F *f> $ f Zj> ^ F S If71. 1973 I97<£ 1972 #7i> ' '977 109 U N ^ R ^ I TRfiNiFBR VANCOUVER C O M M U N / T N &9 21 (iO-Of-- /it) ' i\ FT. Fftcutki (LIGHT) COLLEGE - LhH(j/\ RA t mm S F 3p S F Sp $ F Sp 5 F S/> -S F */> 5 /= /?7i / f / i " /<?77 a d JJO.CF AT. fflO><-TN M p Fr Ff\coui[i {UC,riT) idp / Sp 5 F Sp 5 F •Sp 5 F *p S F Sp 5 F Sf S F )172 Itf} iV4 117* Jfl7 21 FT 26 tiotie fir lA^tqAZA Ao • OF P.T. FACULTi mo F.T.(HCUtfi\ (Hem 5f 5 F Sp 5 f Sp S f sp 5 f Sp S F $p 5 ^72. A*73 /f7^ #7i> ^77 110 ft "ff APPEND I qaflPH 5" FT. FftCULTi (LIGHT) ip S F <f> -J F Sp $ F 5 F S f Sp 5 F lilt 1473 If 74 7971 7<i77 ff)CV!-TN ( D O W ) FT. Fvcuup Sf 5 F Sp 5 F 5 F *f S F Sp 5 F <f S F ipz im rti4 #7* ML /q-ff FT Z00\ do. oF P.T. FfiCVLTi toxoid mo F.7.fnc0lXl\ *bf 5 f Sp 5 F <p $ f sp 5 F 9j> S F *p 5 ^72. J973 J974 197* 797t> '977 • 440 2 (lo. Of-fiTF»c^i.jl 260 / FT. Ff>CuCsri (LIGHT) Tr A L L C O L L E G E S i n l?7l 1473 l?74 fi7$ jjji. /<j77 6W Ao.oF «T. FACETS p.r. fo^tnfy Sp 5 F Cf> •£> F Sp 5 r 5 F Sp 5 f Sf S F if 72 If73 ML 7<fi7 zap z Ao.oF P.T. FACVLTi (m£<) /o\ PfiD F.t FtiCDpi (item £1 FT 5/ 5 f Sp 5 f <p S F *p 5 f &p S f So $ £ ^72. ^73' if 74 If7^ if 7^ '377 112 ?X FT D O U G L A S C O L L E G E HOP 2\ (\d.Of-FT. FACULTY (LIGHT) ALL Afete 2(X\ do.OF 0T. FX. Ff\cuup (UC;HT) 5p S F 1971 5jP "3 F 5p S F M 4 Sp S F Sp S f Sp 5 P /i7f mi- 1*177 C A P I L A N J O C O L L E G E Sp 3 f 2 f 5 F "SP S F Sp 5 F 5p 5 F 5f 5 r /?72 ^ /f77 FACULTi mo £1 FT :(5TR|PED) FX- FACULTY WHC , TEACH EV£NINcV5 AS OV£«LO M I i SCI T 113 ft V C C - V V I , K I N G E P W / l f l ) fid. Of Grip f.T. FfiCUOT-i (LIGHT) mi >Fir VCC ~ L A N G A R A 2dd &0.CF P.T. fflOJLTS FT*. r<wj|? l i i l i Sp 5 F s f 5 F "Sp 5 f *f 5 F 5 F S p 5 jf73 1974 j<t7? . tf7£ Ifffl P 1172 20 M-cF P.T-FfiCULTl mo r PT 'FT F f ? A 5 £ R V A L L E 7 C O L L E T ILJLILJJO. •if 5 F ••> 5 /r ' S f - S p S f Sp ^ f 5 /" /?72. " 1973 1974 1*7* 797t> '17', 114 -ft ALL ALL COLLET E5 •lo. Of (mM) FT. FGcudri (LIGHT) 7?74- 7 f 7 7 Error in page numbering paige 115 does nat exist 115 APPENDIX J QUESTIONNAIRE B DATA FROM COLLEGE ADMINISTRATIONS i ) CLASSIFICATION OF PART-TIME FACULTY i i ) DUTIES AND REMUNERATION OF PART-TIME FACULTY i i i ) AVAILABILITY OF ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES TO PART-TIME FACULTY AS COMPARED WITH FULL-TIME FACULTY i v ) MANAGEMENT PROCESSES 116 CLASSIFICATION OF PART TIME FACULTY a) Does your institution have a negotiated Faculty Association Agreement? Yes No b) Does the institution define a part-time faculty member in the Faculty Association Agreement? Yes No c) Are some of the part-time faculty eligible for f u l l membership in the Faculty Association? Yes No DUTIES AND REMUNERATION OF PART TIME FACULTY. a) Basic salary ($/credit hours) b) Degree of involvement of part-time faculty in non-teaching activities No policy on this 0-10% of teaching hours 51-100% Non-teaching activities not expected c) Are some of the part-time faculty eligible for f u l l fringe benefits in the institution? Yes No BCIT Capilano Douglas East Kootenay Fraser Valley VCC Langara VCC WI/King Ed. X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21-32 16-17.8 12-17 9 10-12 13 13 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X COtlt. d) Does the i n s t i t u t i o n have cate-gories of part-time, faculty which affect t h e i r remuneration? Yes No AVAILABILITY OF ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES TO PART TIME FACULTY AS COMPARED WITH FULL TIME FACULTY. a) Services from l i b r a r y s t a f f Yes No b) Bookstore purchasing privileges Yes No c) Laboratory Technician Assistant Yes No d) Marking assistance ( i f any) Yes No e) A/V equipment sign out privileges Yes No f) E l i g i b i l i t y for en r o l l i n g as a student i n other credit courses Yes No g) A v a i l a b i l i t y of copying and printing services Yes No Douglas East Kootenay Fraser VCC Valley Langara ^ X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X no reply VCC no reply MANAGEMENT PROCESSES a) Does the i n s t i t u t i o n have a procedure f o r h i r i n g part-time fac u l t y i n i t s Faculty Agreement? Yes No b) Does the r e s p o n s i b i l i t y for the f i n a l s e l e c t i o n of a part-time teaching faculty belong solely to the teaching department or d i s c i p l i n e ? Yes No Sometimes No d e f i n i t e p o l i c y c) Does the i n s t i t u t i o n have a formal process for dismissing part-time faculty during a contract period? Yes No d) Are part-time faculty given formal preference i n f i l l i n g f u l l - t i m e f a c u l t y positions? Yes No Sometimes No d e f i n i t e p o l i c y BCIT Capilano Douglas East Xootenay Fraser Valley VCC Langara VCC WI/King Ed. X X X X X X X X X X X X X x at one campus x at the other X X X X X X X X X X X X X X M M APPENDIX K QUESTIONNAIRE A: PART TIME FACULTY PROFILE AND PROBLEMS 121 Vancouver Community College, Regional Offices, 675 West Hastings, Vancouver, B.C.V6B 1N2 . Telephone (604) 688-1111 Dear Colleague: The College has been asked recently to participate in a study of part-time teaching faculty by a member of the teaching s t a f f of Douglas College. He wishes to use the data for an M.A. Thesis on the topic, P r o f i l e and Problems of Part-Time Teaching Faculty in  Selected B.C. Community Colleges. (For the purposes of this study, for this Collage, "Part-Time" i s defined as: a l l faculty holding temporary appointments under co l l e c t i v e agreement.) Owing to the nature of the study and i t s value i n helping our College administration and the faculty organizations to relate more knowledgeably and e f f e c t i v e l y to part-time faculty, we would like to ask your assistance in completing the attached questionnaire. Please complete i t and return in che self-addressed envelope within one week, i f possible, after you receive i t . Please do not sign your  name to the questionnaire. The results of the study w i l l be available around the end of February through the Association, or the College administration, or by contacting the author of the study, Ear l Naismith, Douglas College, P.O. Box 2503, New Westminster, B.C., V3L 5B2 Thank you for your anticipated cooperation; B.A. B r i l l , President Langara Faculty Association nho lm ^ullaga ?iinuiijal 122 m \ / YQKSin VALLEY COLLEGE December 19th, 1977 Dear Colleague: The college has recently been asked to participate in a study on part-time* teaching faculty by a member of the teaching staff from Douglas College. He wishes to use the data for an M.A. Thesis on the topic "Prof i le and Problems of Part-Time Teaching Faculty in Selected B.C. Community Colleges." Because of the nature of this study and i ts value in helping our college administration and the Faculty Association to relate more knowledgeably and effectively with part-time faculty, we would l ike to ask your assistance in f i l l i n g out the attached questionnaire. Please complete questionniare to end of page 7 ONLY, (question # 39). Should you wish to make additional suggestions or comments, please use the last page of the questionnaire. After the questionniare has been completed please return i t in the enclosed self-addressed enve-lope within one week, i f possible,after you have received i t . Please do not sign your name to the questionniare. Results of the study wi l l be made available to a l l faculty around the end of February through the College Faculty Association or by contacting the author of the study, Earl Naismith, Douglas College, P.O. Box 2503, New Westminster, V3L 5B2 ' ' Thank you very much for your cooperation. W.R. BATE, DEAN OF INSTRUCTION DON TUN'S TALL, 7 f ' PRESIDENT, F.S.A. . WEST CAMPUS: 34194 Marshall Road, Abbotsford, B.C. V2S 5E4 (604) 853-7441 . EAST CAMPUS: 45600 Airport Road, Chilliwack, B.C. V2P 6T4 (604) 792-0025 . R E G I O N A L OFF ICES: Agassiz 792-2254, Hope 869-9991, Mission 826-9544 2/ 123 Campus locations: Bin Avenue 4 McBride Blvd. New Westminster, SC Telephone 521 -4851 9260-140 Street Surrey, B.C. Telephone 588-44 n douglcis college 5840 Cedarbndge Way Richmond, 8.C Telephone 273-5467 December 12, 1977 Mail correspondence to. PO Box 2503 New Westminster British Columbia Canada, V3L5B2 Educational Centre Essondale.B.C. Telephone 52 5- 9211 Dear Colleague: The College has recently been asked to participate in a study on part-time* teaching faculty by a member of the teaching staff from Douglas College. He wishes to use the data for an M.A. Thesis on the topic 'Profile and Problems of Part-Time Teaching Faculty in Selected B.C. Community Colleges.' Because of the nature of this study and its value in helping our College administration and the Faculty Association to relate more knowledgeably and effectively with part-time faculty, we would like to ask your assistance in filling out the attached questionnaire. Please return it in the enclosed self-addressed envelope within one week, if possible, afcer you receive it. Please do not sign your name Co the questionnaire. The results of the study will be made available to all faculty around the end of February through the College Faculty Association, the Personnel office or by contacting the author of the study, Earl Naismith, Douglas College, P.O. Box 2503, New Westminster, V3L 5B2 Thanks very much for your cooperation. *Part-Time Teaching Facility Member is defined as one 1. i-ho teaches credit courses towards any formal certificate, diploma or transfer program in the college where, by credit is meant achieve-ment by the student of defined curriculum standards, AND Principal 2. whose services can be terminated without cause at the end of the contract or appointment period. 124 January 6, 1978 Dear Col league: The College has recently been asked to part ic ipate in a study on part-t ime* teaching faculty by a member of the teaching s taf f from Douglas College. He wishes to use the data for an M.A. Thesis on the topic ' P r o f i l e and Problems of Part-Time Teaching Faculty in Selected B.C. Community C o l l e g e s ' . Because of the nature of this study and its value in helping our College administration and the Faculty Associat ion to relate more knowledgeably and e f f e c t i v e l y with part-time faculty , we wouId l i k e to ask your assistance in f i l l i n g out the attached questionnaire. Please return it in the enclosed self-addressed envelope within one week, i f possible , af ter you receive i t . Please do not sign your name to the questionnaire. The result of the study w i l l be made avai lable to a l l faculty around the end of February through the College Faculty Associat ion or by contacting the author of the study, Earl Naismith, Douglas College, P . O . Sox 2503, New Westminster, V3L 5B2 Thanks very much for your co-operation. Pau1 Ga11agher Pr i nci pa 1 Gary Kr+gore ^ President, Faculty Associat ion *Part-Time Teaching Faculty Member is defined as one 1. who teaches credi t courses towards any formal c e r t i f i c a t e , diploma or transfer program in the college where, by c redi t is meant achievement by the student of defined curriculum standards, AND 2. whose services can be terminated without cause at the end of the contract or appointment period. D^pp= B R I T I S H C O L U M B I A I N S T I T U T E O F T E C H N O L O G Y Q A ^ . I 37DO WILL INCDON AVENUE. BURNABY BRITISH COLUMBIA CANADA V5G 3H2 AREA CODE 604 434-5734 125 February 3, 1973 Dear Coilegua: 3 . C . I . T . has recently been asked to p a r t i c i p a t e in a study on ^part-time  teaching faculty by a member of the teaching staff from Douglas Col lege. He wishes to use the data : c r ar. M.A. Thesis on the topic ' P r o f i l e and Problems of Part-Tine Teaching Faculty in Selected 3.C. Community Colleges and the B.C. I n s t i t u t e of Technology'. Because of the nature of this study and i t s value in helping our Admin-i s t r a t i o n and the Scarf Society to r a i a t a mora knowladgeably and e f f e c t i v e l y with part-t ime f a c u l t y , we would l i k e to ask your assistance in f i l l i n g out the attached questionnaire. Please return i t with your attendance bock w i t h i n  one weak, i f p o s s i b l e , after vcu receive i t . Please co not sign your name to the questionnaire. Tha results of the study w i l l be cr.ace a v a i l a b l e to a l i faculty through tha Staff Society or by contacting the author cf the study, E a r l Naismith, Douglas College, P.O. 3ox 2503, New Westminister, 3.C. V3L 5B2 i nucn tor your ccocerat ion. ^ ^ ^ ^ ' E x a c u t i v e D i r e c t o r , Tech. i d . " Pras-^dar.t, 3 . C . I . T . Staff 3oci= 'Part-Title Teaching Faculty Member is defined as one 1. who teaches c r e d i t courses toward any formal c e r t i f i c a t e , diploma or transfer programme i n the school where by, c r e d i t i s meant achievement by tha student of defined curriculum standards, .AND 2. whose services can be tartninatad without cause at the and of the con-tract cr appointment p e r i o d . NOTE: If you are a P.eguiar Employee of 3 . C . I . T . plaase DO NOT r i l l in thi questionnaire. 126 126 Profile and Problems of Part Time Teaching Faculty In Selected B.C. Community Colleges PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Many college administrations and faculty association representatives have expressed interest in getting more comprehensive and accurate information on part-time faculty teaching in their colleges. Both agree it would assist greatly in the development of employment policies, of more effective personnel development programs, of more efficient hiring processes and of a more adequate data base for salary negotiation purposes. C This data will also provide a valuable addition to research from similar questionnaires on college faculty and students conducted by the University of British Columbia.and B .C . Research. The results of this study will be made available to all faculty and administration as well as to those bodies who have a legitimate interest in the educational findings stemming from it. Definition of Part-Time Faculty A part-time faculty member is one a) who teaches credit courses towards any formal certificate, diploma or transfer program in the college where, by credit, is meant achievement by the student of defined curriculum standards and b) whose services can be terminated without cause at the end of the contract or appointment period. t Thanks very much for participating in this project. 127 QUESTIONNAIRE A Profile and Problems of Part Time Teaching Faculty In Selected B.C. Community Colleges 127 — NOTE — PART-TIME FACULTY: Complete Questionnaire A only and return booklet in enclosed self-addressed envelope. If teaching in colleges provides your principal source of income do not answer the questions marked with the symbol +. These are questions 3, 9, 10, 11, 23, and 39. Please do not include your name on this questionnaire. Comments would be appreciated with respect to any specific questions, or the questionnaire in general. Space is provided for this purpose under "general comments" at the end of this questionnaire. What is the N A M E OF T H E COLLECE(S) and C A M P U S you are presently teaching on? If you teach at more than one college P L E A S E R E C O R D the number from the list below of the one you will refer to for this study. Example: 5 indicates you teach at Fraser Valley College. Institution Use number Institution Use number B . C . l . T . 1 Vancouver Community College: Capilano College 2 King Edward Campus 6 Douglas College 3 Langara Campus 7 East Kootenay College 4 V . V . I . 8 Fraser Valley College 5 PERSONAL 1. Age (Record one number) EXAMPLE: If you are between 25 and 60 record '2' — 1. less than 25 . 2. between 25 and 60 3. greater than 60 2. Sex 1. male 2. female « . How long does it usually take you to travel to college from work! (Record one r umber) 1. 0 to 15 minutes 2. 16 to 60 minutes 3. greater than 60 minutes 4 How long does it usually take you to travel to college from home? (Record one number) 1. 0 to 15 minutes 2. 16 to 60 minutes 3. greater than 60 minutes 5. What is your approximate annual income from all sources? (Record one number) 1. 50-510.000 2. $10,001-520,000 . . . 3. $20,001-530,000 . . . 4. greater than $30,000 (Parenthesised (D - (2) (3) - (4) - (5) (6) 0 128 5 T E A C H I N G E X P E R I E N C E (teaching includes instructing, counselling, consulting) . 1 2 " 12. In what areas have you taught courses? (Record all that apply) 1. elementary ichool 1 — (31) 2. secondary school (junior and senior) 2 — (32) 3. vocational or trade school 3 — (33) 4. college 4 - (34) 5. university 5 - (35) 6. industry/business/commerce 6 — (36) 7. labor education 7 — (37) • 8. professional organization 8 — (38) 9. general interest courses in adult education 9 — (39) 13. What area do you usual l y teach in? (Record one number) 1. academic (e.g. Sciences, Humanities, Business, etc. for university transfer) 1 — (40) 2. academic (e.g. Sciences, Humanities, Business, etc. for college credit only) 2 3. technical/vocational/trades training (college credit) 3 4. industrial or trade union courses 4 5. other (specify then record number 5) 5 14. How many years of teaching experience do you have i n a l l areas? (Record one number) (Give the cumulative total of years. Example: 3 contracts for 16 weeks each and a separate 2-year term of employment for teaching 3 x 1 6 w k s , , , , > = ~52^kT y r S = V r S ( a P p r o x ) 1. none 1 - (41) 2. less than 1 year 2 . 3. 1-2 years 3 4. 3-5 years 4 5. greater than 5 years 5 15. How many years of teaching experience do you have i n community colleges? (Record one number) (Give the cumulative total of years using the example in question 14.) 1. none 1 ' ( 4 2 ' 2. less than 1 year 2 3. 1-2 years 3 4. 3-5 years 4 5. greater than 5 years 5 16 In how many ins t i t u t i o n s / o r g a n i z a t i o n s are you presently teaching under contract? (Record one number) 1. none 1 ~ ( 4 3 ' 2. 1 2 3. 2 3 4. 3 4 5. more- than 3 3 129 5 TEACHING EXPERIENCE (teaching includes instructing, counselling, consulting) 12' 12. In what areas have you taught courses? (Record all that apply) 1. elementary school 1 — (31) 2. secondary school (junior and senior) 2 — (32) 3. vocational or trade school 3 — (33) 4. college 4 - (34) 5. university 5 — (35) 6. industry/business/commerce 6 — (36) 7. labor education 7 — (37) 8. professional organization 8 — (38) 9. general interest courses in adult education 9 — (39) 13. What area do you usually teach in? (Record one number) 1. academic (e.g. Sciences, Humanities, Business, etc. for university transfer) 1 — (40) 2. academic (e.g. Sciences, Humanities, Business, etc. for college credit only) 2 3. technical/vocational/trades training (college credit) 3 4. industrial or trade union courses 4 5. other (specify then record number 5) 5 14. How many years of teaching experience do you have in all areas? (Record one number) (Cive the cumulative total of years. Example: 3 contracts for 16 weeks each and a separate 2-year term of employment for teaching 3 x 1 6 w k s , , , , , = 5 2 w k s + 2 yrs = 3 yrs (approx.) 1. none 1 — (41) 2. less than 1 year 2 3. 1-2 years 3 4. 3-5 years 4 5. greater than 5 years ' 5 15. How many years of teaching experience do you have in community colleges? (Record one number) (Cive the cumulative total of years using the example in question 14.) 1. none 1 — (42) 2. less than 1 year 2 3. 1-2 years • 3 4. 3-5 years 4 5. greater than 5 years 5 16. In how many institutions/organizations are you presently teaching under contract? (Record one number) 1. none 1 — (43) 2. 1 2 3. 2 3 4. 3 . . .4 5. more than 3 . . 5 17. What is the longest period of time you have taught in any one community college? (Record one number) (Give the cumulative total of years using the example in question 14.) 1. less than 1 year 1 - t 4 4 ) 2. 1-2 years . . . . 2 3. 3-5 years 3 4. greater than 5 years 4 18. What is the greatest number of times you have repeated teaching the same course in any one community college? (Record one number) 1. taught once only . . . . 2. twice 3. three times 4. greater than three times 1 - (45) 2 3 4 19. During what hours of the day have you usually taught college courses? (Record one number) 1. before 10 a.m ~ 1 - (4&) • 2. 10a.m.-4p.m 2 3. after 4 p . m 3 4. evenly distributed 4 20. During what hours of the day would you prefer to teach at a college? (Record one number) 1. before 10 a.m 1 — (47) 2. 10a.m.-4p.m 2 3. after 4 p.m 3 4. no preference 4 21. Do the courses you usually teach have a laboratory or shop component? 1. Yes 1 - (48! No .2 22. If you have taught a laboratory or shop course in a college where there were technician assistants, were their services available to you? (Record one number) 1. Yes 1 - <49> 2. No . . . 1 Not sure *23 Does your present work experience contribute to the content of the course you are presently teaching? (Record one number) 1. Directly • -2. Somewhat 2 3. Not at all 3 24. Are you provided student or technician assistance by the college for marking test papers, lab reports, etc.? (Record one number) 131 INSTITUTIONAL RELATIONS 25 Have you been invited to attend professional development programs in any of the colleges f you now teach in? 1. Yes 2. No 7 131 - (52) 26. If your reply above was 'Yes ' , did you attend any? (Record one number) 1. Yes 2. No - (53) 27 Have you ever been given written information by the college on its conditions of employment concerning part-time faculty? (Record one number) 1. Yes 2. No . . . 3. Not sure - (54) 28. Do you know if such policies exist? (Record one number) 1. Yes 2. No . . . 3. Not sure - (55) '0 29. Were you interviewed for your part-time teaching position? (Record one number) 1. Yes 2. No . 1 - (56) 30. Are you a member of the college's Faculty Association? (Record one number) 1. Yes 2. No 3. Don't know - (57) 31. If you answered 'Yes' above, are you a voting member? (Record one number) 1. Yes 2. No 3. Don't know (58) 32. Has anyone formally evaluated your teaching? (Record one number) 1. Yes ' 2. No ;• 2 3. Don't know (59) 0 33. Were you given an outline of the course you were expected to teach? (Record one number) 1. Yes 2. No . . . 3. Not sure (60) 132 8 132 34 Were you given access to an office desk to work at? (Record one number) 1. Yes 1 - (61) 2. No 2 3. Not sure 3 35. Were you assigned a mail box in the college? (check one) 1. Yes 1 - (62) 2. No 2 3. Not sure 3 MOTIVATIONS FOR T E A C H I N G 36. Why do you teach at a community college? (Please indicate the relative degree of importance of each item on the following gradient scale.) *w/A I MV jUR I Important Important Important Important Important USE N U M B E R 1 2 3 4 5 Examples in: 1. Money is a very important motive for me 1 — (63) 2. Sharing knowledge is the least important reason I teach . 2 — (64) 1. for money 1 — (63) 2. for the satisfaction of sharing knowledge 2 — (64) 3. for developing the opportunities of getting a full-time teaching position 3 — (65) 4. for the social prestige of teaching at a college 4 — (66) 5. to try out a new experience 5 — (67) 6. it's something to do 6 — (68) 7. it's a career choice 7 — (69) 8. other (specify and record one number) 8 — (70) 37. How much time do you usually spend preparing for each class? (Record one number) 1. approximately the same amount of time as in class 1 — (71) 2. less amount of time than in class 2 3. greater amount of time than in class 3 38. Would you accept an offer of a full-time permanent teaching position if it were offered to you now at a salary on the latest college salary grid commensurate with your experience and credentials? (Record one number) (A full-time teaching position is one which can be terminated only with cause but which may not involve a full teaching load.) 1. Yes 1 - (72) 2. No 2 3. Don't know 3 *39. On an hourly in-class basis, how do you compare the rate you are being paid for teaching with your full-time salary? (Exclude fringe benefits like medical plans, etc.) (Record one number) •>• 1. the rate for teaching is higher than my present full-time salary 1 — (73) 2. the rate for teaching is about the same as my present full-time salary .2 3. the rate for teaching is lower than my full-time salary 3 133 -GENERAL COMMENTS-9 133 10 134 QUESTIONNAIRE 8 Profile and Problems of Part Time Teaching Faculty In Selected B.C. Community Colleges CLASSIFICATIONS OF P A R T - T I M E F A C U L T Y 1 Does your institution have a negotiated Faculty Association Agreement? (check one) 1. Yes • (1) 2. No , • (2) 2. Does the institution define a part-time faculty member in the Faculty Association Agreement? (check one) 1. Yes • (1) 2. No • (2) 3 Are some of the part-time faculty eligible for full membership in the Faculty Association? (check one) 1. Yes • (1) 2. No • (2) 4. If the answer to (3) is 'yes', please specify which catagory of part-time faculty. T IME A N A L Y S I S 5. This table will show the distribution of part-time faculty in three main curriculum areas of the college, it also will show the ratio of part-time to full-time faculty for each of the semesters of the college year. The analysis should extend back to the first operating year of the college if records are available. U — University Transfer TV — Technical/Vocational TR — Training Programs (Apprentice, Pre-Apprentice Year 1977 1976 1975 1974 1973 1972 1971 1970 (befoi available) Spring Semester U TV TR P T / F T U TV TR Fall Semester U TV TR PT/FT U TV TR Summer Semester U TV TR PT/FT U TV TR re. if 135 i i DUTIES A N D R E M U N E R A T I O N OF P A R T - T I M E F A C U L T Y 6 What is the basic salary (S/credit hr.) for part-time faculty? (fill in) Curriculum Area 1. $ /credit hour U 2. $ /credit hour TV 3. $ /credit hour TR 7 To what extent does the institution expect its part-time faculty to be involved in non-teaching activities (committee work, office hours for students, etc.)? (check the most appropriate selection) 1. No policy on this • (1) 2. 0-10% of teaching hours • (2) 3. 11-50% of teaching hours • (3) 4. 51-100% of teaching hours • (4) 5. Non-teaching activities not expected • (5) 8. Are some of the part-time faculty eligible for full fringe benefits in the institution? (check one) 1. Yes • (1) 2. No • (2) 9. If the answer to (8) was 'Yes ' , which category of part-time faculty is eligible? Describe > IO. Does the institution have categories of part-time faculty which affect their remuneration? (check one) 1. Yes ° n> 2. No • <2' W H I C H A D M I N I S T R A T I V E SERVICES A R E A V A I L A B L E TO P A R T - T I M E F A C U L T Y AS C O M P A R E D TO THOSE A V A I L A B L E TO F U L L - T I M E F A C U L T Y ? (check one each) 11 Services from library staff 1. same • (D 2. not the same CI (2) 12. Bookstore purchasing privileges 1. same • (U 2. not the same C (2) 13. Laboratory technician assistant 1. same • (1) 2. not the same • (2) c 14. Marking assistance 1. same • (D 2. not the same • (2) 136 136 12 15 A / V equipment sign-out privileges 1 same privileges C -C) 2. not the same privileges D (2) 16 Eligibility for enrolling as a student in other credit courses 1. same privileges Q C) 2. not the same privileges O (2) 17 Availability of copying and printing privileges 1 same privileges — 0 ! 2. not the same privileges D (2) M A N A G E M E N T PROCESSES 8 Does the institution have a procedure for hiring part-time faculty in its Faculty Agreement? (check one) 1. Yes • n : 2. No • (2) 9. Does the responsibility for the final selection of a part-time teaching faculty belong solely to the teaching department or discipline? (check one) 1. Yes • (U 2. No Q (2) 3. Sometimes 0 (3) 4. No definite policy on this CI (4) 10. Does the institution have a formal process for dismissing part-time faculty during a contract period? (check one) 1. Yes • (D 2. No • (2) >1 Are part-time faculty given formal preference in filling vacant full-time faculty positions? (check one) 1. Yes • (D 2. No • (2) 3. Sometimes O (3) 4. There is no definite policy O (4) APPENDIX L SUMMARY OF STATISTICAL PROCEDURES 1. Z - s t a t i s t i c 2. S t u d e n t ' s t - d i s t r i b u t i o n and C o n f i d e n c e I n t e r v a l s 3. C h i - s q u a r e d S t a t i s t i c 4. K r u s k a l - W a l l i s T e s t 137 138 APPENDIX L STATISTICAL PROCEDURES 1. Z - s t a t l s t i c The z - s t a t i s t i c i s a measure o f t h e p r o b a b i l i t y o f o c c u r r e n c e o f a d e s i r e d e v e n t assuming a n o r m a l d i s t r i b u t i o n o f a l l p o s s i b l e e v e n t s . The z s c o r e i s g i v e n by: z = ^ /pq/N where P i s t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f d e s i r e d e v e n t s i n t h e sample p i s t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f d e s i r e d e v e n t s i n t h e t o t a l p o p u l a t i o n q i s e q u a l t o 1-p N i s t h e sample s i z e 2. S t u d e n t ' s t - d i s t r i b u t i o n and C o n f i d e n c e I n t e r v a l s S t u d e n t ' s t - d i s t r i b u t i o n i s an a d a p t a t i o n o f t h e z - s t a t i s t i c f o r s m a l l sample s i z e s . I t i s g i v e n by where X i s t h e sample mean y i s t h e p o p u l a t i o n mean s i s t h e sample s t a n d a r d d e v i a t i o n N i s t h e sample s i z e ( u s u a l l y l e s s t h a n 30) 139 The c o n f i d e n c e l i m i t s f o r t h e p o p u l a t i o n means a r e g i v e n by: X ± t S c / N Z I X i s t h e sample mean t i s t h e c o n f i d e n c e c o e f f i c i e n t d e p e n d i n g on t h e c o n f i d e n c e d e s i r e d S i s t h e sample s t a n d a r d d e v i a t i o n N i s t h e sample s i z e C h i - s q u a r e d S t a t i s t i c 2 The c h i - s q u a r e s t a t i s t i c (X ) i s a measure o f t h e d i s c r e p a n c y e x i s t i n g between o b s e r v e d and e x p e c t e d f r e q u e n c i e s . I t i s g i v e n by: X 2 = ( ° 1 - £ 1 ) 2 + ( ° 2 - e 2 > 2 + +  e l e 2 2 k 2 (o, - e. ) r — ( o . - e.) e, j = l e. k j where o. a r e t h e o b s e r v e d f r e q u e n c i e s o f each e v e n t 3 e^ a r e t h e e x p e c t e d f r e q u e n c i e s of each e v e n t K r u s k a l - W a l l i s T e s t The K r u s k a l - W a l l i s t e s t p r o v i d e s an H s t a t i s t i c f o r r a n k e d d a t a . I f t h e r n a k s w i t h i n t r e a t m e n t c l a s s e s a r e a random sample from a common p o p u l a t i o n o f r a n k s t h e n t h e H s t a t i s t i c may be used where; _ sums of s q u a r e s t r e a t m e n t mean s q u a r e d t o t a l where b o t h numerator and deno m i n a t o r have a s t a n d a r d a n a l y s i s o f v a r i a n c e d e f i n i t i o n . 140 F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s on t h e H - s t a t i s t i c r e f e r t o S t a t i s t i c a l P r i n c i p l e s  i n E x p e r i m e n t a l D e s i g n , B . J . W i n e r , McGraw H i l l , 2nd. e d i t i o n , 1971, p. 848. 

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