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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Subtle Emergences Kadish, David C. 2015

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(bbs!)C C C C C C IE[igurz ICFE Iyzv“ from thz xritixvl mvking fiork“hop thvt znyzyup in thz in“tvllvtionC C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C IG[igurz ICFF huwtlz Emzrgznxz“ in“tvllzy vt thz Vltzrnvtor Xzntrzfor Xontzmporvr– Vrt C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C IKviAccfgodedgeeeflkI fiouly likz to thvnk m– “upzrvi“orA YrC Vlzk“vnyrv YulixA for hzr hzlpvny “upport throughout m– bv“tzr“ progrvm“C I hvvz lzvrnzy “o muxh fromhzr ovzr thz xour“z of m– yzgrzz“ vny I'm grvtzful for vll thvt “hz hv“ tvughtmzC I'y vl“o likz to thvnk thz mzmwzr“ Xzntrz for Xulturz vny izxhnolog–for thz xommunit– thz– xrzvtzy in thz lvwC hpzxivl thvnk“ to JzvnnzttzVngzl for wzing v fionyzrful xollzvguz vny frizny fiith fihom I “hvrzy iyzv“Azflpzriznxz“A vny fru“trvtion“ ovzr thz lv“t four –zvr“C V wig thvnk –ou to m–xommittzzA Yzni“z ‘znnz– vny hvmuzl go–BWoi“C I hvvz thoroughl– znjo–zythz xour“zfiork vny thz xommittzz timz thvt I hvvz “pznt fiith woth ofthzmC ihzir znxourvgzmznt vny fzzywvxk hvvz wzzn invvluvwlz throughoutthi“ proxz““C ihvnk“ to V“hok bvthur for hi“ znthu“iv“tix “upport for vllof thz xrzvtivz “tuyiz“ grvyuvtz “tuyznt“A to cvnx– ]olmz“ for hzr tirzlz““fiork for vll of thz [XXh grvyuvtz “tuyznt“A to [zrn ]zlfvny for hzr fiorkv“ grvyuvtz progrvm xooryinvtorA vny to htzphzn [o“tzr for hi“ “upport v“v xoBzyuxvtor vny rz“zvrxh projzxt “upzrvi“orC ihvnk“ to jWX'“ dkvnvgvnIi YzpvrtmzntA vny z“pzxivll– lvyz ‘lvvzrA for putting up fiith m– vvriou“rzquz“t“ for zquipmznt vny “zrvzr timzC Vny v hzvrt– thvnk –ou to vll ofthz “upport “tvff in [XXhC I xouly not po““iwl– hvvz xomplztzy m– projzxtfiithout thz hzlp of YonA ‘vilvA JovnnzA bikzA ainyvA iow–A bzli““vA vnyhhvunvC nou vrz fvntv“tixC[invll–A v “pzxivl thvnk –ou to ‘ri“tin Vlzklztt for wzing thz mo“tvmvzing pvrtnzr I xouly v“k for throughout our timz in ‘zlofinvC Grvyuvtz“xhool hv“ hvy it“ up“ vny yofin“ for woth of u“A wut I'vz knofin throughoutthz proxz““ thvt fiz fiouly wz thzrz for zvxh othzr vny thvt hv“ hzlpzy togzt mz through itC I xouly not hvvz yonz thi“ fiithout –ouCviiChYhler )PYrlkIntzrvxtivz vrtfiork“ thvt wzhvvz or pzrform vutonomou“lyxhvllzngz thz mo“t xommon intzrvxtion pvrvyigm of rzvxting tofihvt i“ “zn“zy vxxorying to v przBmvppzy nvrrvtivzC Engvgingfiith vutonomou“ fiork“ opzn“ up nzfi zflpzriznxz“ thvt vrz morzvkin to xonvzr“ingA pzrformingA or nzgotivting fiith “omzthingthvt hv“ it“ ofin vfivrznz““C(Wofin zt vlCA GEFI)Xomplzflit–C EmzrgznxzC huwtlzt–C VrtC EnvironmzntC EflpzriznxzCIntzrvxtivit–C ihz“z vrz thz “zzmingl– yi“pvrvtz pvrt“ | thz zly“A xonxzpt“Avny iyzv“ | thvt xovlz“xz into v xohzrznt fiholz to form m– thz“i“C ihzintzrrzlvtion“hip“ wztfizzn pvrt“ vrz fihvt xrzvtz thz rixhnz““ of fiholz“Athz xomplzflit– of “–“tzm“A vny thz zmzrgznxz of pvttzrn“ vny iyzv“ intho“z fiholz “–“tzm“C I wzgin hzrz w– iyzntif–ing thz pvrt“ of m– thz“i“ |xomplzflit–A zmzrgznxzA “uwtlzt–A vrtA znvironmzntA zflpzriznxzA intzrvxtivit–| “o thvt I xvn movz tofivry vn zflplorvtion of thz intzrrzlvtion“hip“ wztfizznthzm v“ I wuily thz fiholz of m– thz“i“CXomplzflit– i“ v yzning fzvturz of our “oxioBzxologixvl fiorly (Glv“zrzt vlCA GEEM) vny onz thvt i“ not fizllBunyzr“tooy (gittzl vny lzwwzrAFNLHP Xillizr“A FNNMP Vmwro“zA GEFI) wut it'“ yzzpzr unyzr“tvnying xouly“ignixvntl– improvz thz fiv– thvt fiz rzlvtz to xomplzfl “–“tzm“C Xomplzflit–i“ v fiorlyvizfi thvt involvz“ zflvmining qhofi rzlvtion“hip“ wztfizzn pvrt“givz ri“z to thz xollzxtivz wzhvvior“ of v “–“tzmA vny hofi thz “–“tzmintzrvxt“ vny form“ rzlvtion“hip“ fiith it“ znvironmznt7 (WvrBnvmA GEEG)CIt wuily“ on in“ight“ gvinzy from thz xlv““ixvl vpprovxh to thz fiorly infihixh pvrt“ vrz “tuyizy in i“olvtionC ihz“z rzyuxtioni“t vpprovxhz“ hvvzproyuxzy trzmznyou“ unyzr“tvnying of “pzxix phznomznv | vny thz– vrzF“till xruxivl to our unyzr“tvnying of thz fiorly | wut thz– oftzn fvil toxvpturz thz xomplzfl intzrplv– wztfizzn yiffzrznt phznomznvA to gznzrvtz vnunyzr“tvnying of thz “–“tzm v“ v fiholz (ainzfizvvzr zt vlCA GEFHP Vmwro“zAGEFI)CXomplzfl “–“tzm“ “hvrz v “zt of gznzrvl fzvturz“A pvttzrn“A vnywzhvviour“ “uxh thvt “tuy–ing onz xomplzfl “–“tzm xvn lzvy to in“ight“into hofi othzr“ fiorkC ihi“ mzvn“ thvt fiz xvn lzvrn “omzthing vwoutthz zmzrgznxz | thz yzxzntrvlizzy formvtion of oryzr vny pvttzrn | invn vnt xolon– w– “tuy–ing thz zmzrgznxz of mzvning in lvnguvgz vnyvixzBvzr“v (]of“tvytzrA FNLNP Xillizr“A FNNM)C Vny fiz xvn lzvrn “omzthingvwout fzzywvxk loop“ in thz xlimvtix “–“tzm w– “tuy–ing fzzywvxk loop“ in“oxivl vny zxonomix “–“tzm“ (YizlzmvnA GEEMP avurzlA GEFF)C Wzxvu“z thz“zfzvturz“ trvn“lvtz from “–“tzm to “–“tzmA thzrz i“ vvluz in unyzr“tvnyingxomplzfl “–“tzm“ in gznzrvlCIn wuilying vn unyzr“tvnying of v xomplzfl “–“tzmA it i“ v“ importvntto iyzntif– fihvt fiz yon't knofiA fihvt fiz xvn't mzv“urzA vny fihvt i“inquvntivwlzA v“ it i“ to wz vwlz to quvntif– thz pvrt“ of thz “–“tzm (Xillizr“AFNNMA HJ)C io yo thi“A fiz hvvz to “zzk fiv–“ of knofiing thvt xvn xomplimzntthz yvtvByrivzn inquir– thvt fiz ny in moyzrn “xiznxzC V“ vrti“t“A fiz nzzyto rzBzngvgz thz rolz of zflpzriznxz in unyzr“tvnying xomplzflit– vny xomplzfl“–“tzm“ (‘vgvnA GEFE)C lz nzzy to rzxognizz thvt our “zn“z“ vny mzmoriz“hvvz “omzthing to tzll u“ vwout xomplzflit– thvt logix vny rzv“on xvnnotprzxi“zl– iyzntif– (VwrvmA FNNK)C It i“ hzrz thvt fiz ny v rolz for vrt ingznzrvl | vny “pzxixvll– m– ofin vrt prvxtixz | in xrzvting zflpzriznxz ofxomplzflit– (YizlzmvnA GEEM)C]ofi yo I go vwout xrzvting vn zflpzriznxz of xomplzflit–A of zmzrgznxzT[or thi“A I rzturn to “omz of thz yz“ign znginzzring prvxtixz“ thvt wroughtmz through m– znginzzring yzgrzz“C Eflpzriznxz yz“ign i“ v prvxtixz thvtfoxu“z“ on “tuy–ing thz rzlvtion“hip“ wztfizzn pzoplz vny vrtifvxt“ to xrzvtzv “pzxix zflpzriznxz for uu“zr“'1C I vl“o u“z xrvftzy zlzxtronix“ vny highBlofitzxhnolog– (Wuzxhlz– zt vlCA GEFEP ezrnzrBlil“on zt vlCA GEFFP [zrnvzu“ zt vlCAGEFHP ‘vyi“h vny YulixA GEFJv) “trvtzgiz“ to utilizz mvtzrivl“ in v fiv– thvt1io frvmz vizfizr“ of thz vrtfiork in zflpzriznxz yz“ign tzrm“CGi“ it“zlf xomplzflCihz rz“ulting intzrvxtivz in“tvllvtion i“ vn immzr“ivz zflpzriznxzC ihzhvnging fvwrix lzvvz“ movzA xurlA vny folyA vlmo“t impzrxzptiwl–C Wut if –oulook vfiv– for v minutz vny thzn rzturnA thz– hvvz “hiftzyC ihz lighting i“ inxon“tvnt uflA illuminvting pvrt“ of thz znvironmznt vny xv“ting “hvyofi“ onthz pzriphzr– fihilz plunging othzr “iyz“ of thz “pvxz into yvrknz““C hounyri“z“ from xoppzr “xulpturz“ in thz “pvxz vny fvyz“ v“ quixkl– v“ it vro“zAwzxkoning to vpprovxh vny “trvin to hzvr it vgvinC Evzn thz xhvngz i“ notxon“tvntC ihz zflpzriznxz of thvt y–nvmixi“m i“ vn zflpzriznxz of xomplzflit–Clh– i“ thvt zflpzriznxz importvntT Xhvptzr G fiill zflpvny on thz iyzv“ ofxomplzflit–A zmzrgznxzA vny thz rolz of zflpzriznxz vny vrt in unyzr“tvnyingthzmC In xhvptzr H I fiill yi“xu““ thz proxz““ of xrzvting huwtlz Emzrgznxz“Avny hofi m– mzthoy“ inxorporvtz notion“ of xomplzflit– into thz proxz““ ofmvking vrtC Xhvptzr I xon“i“t“ of v foxu“zy rzzxtion on thz fiork thvt lzvyup to huwtlz Emzrgznxz“ vny thz vxtuvl “hofi it“zlfC [invll–A I fiill xonxluyzfiith “omz thought“ on futurz yirzxtion“ vny lz““on“ from thz proxz““ inxhvptzr JCHChYhler 2Eeergafg CgehdepalyXomplzflit– i“ v tzrm fiith mvn– mzvning“C io thz lv–pzr“onA xomplzfloftzn mzvn“ xomplixvtzy (Xillizr“A FNNMP WloomA GEFIP ‘vyi“h vny YulixAGEFJv)C In thz “xiznxz“A xomplzflit– tzny“ to rzfzr to xomplzfl “–“tzm“vny thz “tuy– of qpvttzrn“ of orgvni“vtion or nztfiork“ of nonBlinzvrpvthfiv–“ vny fzzywvxk loop“ through fihixh informvtion vny mvtzrivl“ofi7 (WloomA GEFI)C ‘vgvn (GEFGA GH) “zz“ xomplzflit– v“ nying thz unit–Axomplzmzntvrit–A xompztitionA vny vntvgoni“m in v rzlvtion“hipA yiggingwzlofi thz “urfvxz pzrxzption to unzvrth thz xomplzflit– in xontrvyixtionCihz“z unyzr“tvnying“ of xomplzflit– vrz importvnt vny I fiill rzturn tothzm lvtzr in thz xhvptzr v“ I yi“xu““ thz phznomznon of zmzrgznxz vnyit“ rzlvtion“hip to vrt vny zflpzriznxzC [ir“tA 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Seecafg cgehdepalyYuring m– unyzrgrvyuvtz xvrzzrA I “pznt v grzvt yzvl of timzvoluntzzring fiith ElW2 on thz lvtzrloo xvmpu“ vny in thz nvtionvl offixz2I “houly notz thvt thi“ i“ “pzxixvlly Enginzzr“ lithout Woryzr“ CvnvyvC ihzrz vrzothzr ElW orgvnizvtion“ vrouny thz fiorly wut thzy vrz not vll nzxz““vrily vffilivtzy vnyIin iorontoC ihz orgvnizvtion fiv“ founyzy on thz przmi“z thvt –oungAinnovvtivz znginzzring “tuyznt“ vny rzxznt grvyuvtz“ “houly wz vwlz to wuilything“ thvt fiouly hzlp pzoplz in thz yzvzloping fiorly wrzvk thz x–xlz ofpovzrt–3C ElW quixkl– rzvlizzy v“ vn orgvnizvtion thvt projzxt“ thvt involvztzvm“ of –oungA wrightBz–zy Xvnvyivn“ trvvzlling to rurvl xommunitiz“ inVfrixv to wuily infrv“truxturz | “xhool“A fizll“A ho“pitvl“ | vrz vt wz“tquz“tionvwlz in thzir impvxtC ihough thz– mv– rz“ult in nzfi fvxilitiz“Amorz oftzn thz– qxvn wz“t wz unyzr“tooy v“ v mvnifz“tvtion of xontinuingpvttzrn“ of zflploitvtion vny yominvtion of thz glowvl houth7 (XvlkinA GEFH)Ceovzrt–A it turn“ outA i“ fvr morz xomplzfl thvn “impl– v lvxk ofinfrv“truxturzC ihz xvu“z“ vny zffzxt“ of povzrt– vrz loxvlA rzgionvlA vnyglowvlA vny vrz tzmporvll– “ituvtzy hi“torixvll–A in thz prz“zntA vny in thzfuturzC It“ implixvtion“ vrz “oxivlA zxonomixA zxologixvlA vny politixvlClhilz lzvrning “omzthing vwout thz xomplzfl rzvlitiz“ of povzrt–A Ivl“o lzvrnzy vwout thz importvnxz of opznnz““ vny lzvrning from fvilurzCElW v“ vn orgvnizvtion triz“ to wz trvn“pvrznt vwout it“ “uxxz““z“ vnyit“ fvilurz“ fiith it“ mzmwzr“ vny fiith thz puwlix4C ihvt opznnz““A vnyyi“xu““ing thz intrixvxiz“ of intzrnvtionvl yzvzlopmznt fiork fiith frizny“vny xollzvguz“ tvught mz to look wz–ony thz owviou“A to “zzk xontrvyixtion“vny xountzrintuitionA vny to look for thz xomplzflitiz“ of v “ituvtionC2.2 MfderklYfdafg grgolhihz grzvtz“t “hortxoming of thz humvn rvxz i“ our invwility tounyzr“tvny thz zflponzntivl funxtionC(Wvrtlztt vny [ullzrA GEEI)If ElW lzft mz fiith vn vpprzxivtion for yzzp inquir– vny zmwrvxingxontrvyixtionA it fiv“ YrC evul [izguth fiho wz“tofizy upon mz thzmvny yo not “hvrz ElW Cvnvyv'“ outlookC3A lot of thz lvnguvgz in thi“ “zntznxz i“ prowlzmvtixC I u“z it in thi“ xontzflt toyzmon“trvtz thz nvivzt(z of thz orgvnizvtion fihzn it fiv“ founyzyC4ElW hv“ vxtuvlly “tvrtzy rzporting puwlixly on it“ fvilurz“ in vn vnnuvl Fvilurz gzportthvt xomz“ out vlong“iyz it“ Annuvl gzportC Woth xvn wz founy vt www.ewb.ca/eefbhecefCJrzvlizvtion of ju“t hofi poorl– fiz unyzr“tvny nonBlinzvr rzlvtion“hip“C conBlinzvr rzlvtion“hip“ vrz importvnt wzxvu“z thz– lzvy to “zzmingl– zflplo“ivzxhvngz“ in yiffzrznt pvrt“ of v xomplzfl “–“tzm5CIn thz “pring of GEENA YrC [izguth gvvz v lzxturz on zflponzntivl grofithvny thz xvrr–ing xvpvxit– of thz plvnztC YrC [izguthA fiho fiork“ in thz zly“of xomputzr vi“ion vny imvgz proxz““ing6A toly v “tor– originvll– yzvi“zy w–Wvrtlztt (FNLM) to yzmon“trvtz our lvxk of unyzr“tvnying of zflponzntivlgrofith in v nitz znvironmzntCIt i“ FFOEEC Imvginz –ou hvvz v jvr xontvining v “inglz wvxtzriumCerztzny thvt thz wvxtzriv rzproyuxz zvzr– minutz “o thvt vftzronz minutz thzrz vrz tfio wvxtzrivA vftzr tfio minutz“ thzrz vrzfourA vny “o on7C W– FGOEEA –ou “zz thvt thz jvr i“ xomplztzl–full of wvxtzrivCihz wvxtzriv youwlz in populvtion zvzr– minutzP thz grofith of thzwvxtzrivl xommunit– i“ zflponzntivl8C lz fizrz v“kzy to kzzp thvtrzlvtion“hip in miny v“ fiz xontzmplvtzy thz follofiing tfio quz“tion“OFC Vt fihvt timz fiv“ thz wottlz hvlf fullTGC lhzn fiouly thz wvxtzriv hvvz rzvlizzy thvt thz– fizrz running out of“pvxz in thz jvrTihz vn“fizr to thz r“t quz“tion “ouny“ “urpri“ingP thz wottlz i“ hvlf fullvt FFOJNA fiith onz minutz until no “pvxz rzmvin“C bo“t pzoplz | inxluying5lz fiill gzt to fihy in thz “zxtion on xomplzflityC6Hi“ xour“z in pvttzrn rzxognition formzy pvrt of my intzrz“t in thz xomputzr vi“ionfiork thvt I znyzy up yoing for my bAhxC7ihi“ i“ vxtuvlly fv“tzr thvn thz rzproyuxtion rvtz“ for mo“t wvxtzriv in lvw xonyition“Awut for thi“ “tory it yoz“ not rzvlly mvttzrC ihz importvnt point“ in thz “tory vrz in tzrm“of rzlvtivz vmount“ of timzC8At vny minutz fiithin thz hour =t)A thz numwzr of wvxtzriv =n) i“ givzn wy thz numwzr ofwvxtzriv in thz lv“t minutz =t−F) multiplizy wy 2C In mvthzmvtixvl tzrm“A n=t) R 2·n=t−F)CWutA thz rzlvtion“hip xvn wz rzprz“zntzy vnothzr fivyC hinxz thz numwzr i“ multiplizy wy 2zvzry timzA fiz knofi thvt thz numwzr of wvxtzriv vtA for zflvmplzA I minutz“ i“ F×2×2×2or 2 multiplizy wy it“zlf H timz“C ihi“ xvn wz firittzn in zflponzntivl form v“ 23A or for vnyminutz in thz hour v“ n=t) R 2t−1A fihixh i“ vn zflponzntivl rzlvtion“hipCKmvn– of thz znginzzring “tuyznt“ in thz room thvt yv– | yo not gzt thi“xorrzxtC lz tzny to think thvt thzrz i“ morz timz wztfizzn hvlf full vny fullAz“pzxivll– givzn thvt thzrz fizrz JN minutz“ wzforz thz wottlz fiv“ hvlf fullCWut thvt i“ thz nvturz of zflponzntivl grofithC gzmzmwzrA thz populvtionyouwlz“ zvzr– minutzA “o if thz wottlz i“ hvlf full onz minutzA it fiill wzxomplztzl– full thz nzflt minutzCihz vn“fizr to thz “zxony quz“tion i“ zvzn morz v“tounyingC Vt FFOJJAJ minutz“ wzforz thz wottlz i“ xomplztzl– full vny thz wvxtzriv vrz out of“pvxzA onl– H: of thz wottlz i“ full of wvxtzrivC NL: of thz “pvxz rzmvin“zmpt–C louly thz wvxtzriv (vny w– zfltzn“ion of thz vnvlog–A humvnit–)rzvlizz thvt thz– vrz in trouwlz fihzn thz vv“t mvjorit– of thz “pvxz i“ “tillzmpt–T It i“ unlikzl–Cihz “tor– yzmon“trvtz“ fihvt i“ for mo“t of u“ v funyvmzntvl lvxk ofunyzr“tvnying of t–pz“ of pvttzrn“ thvt govzrn thz wzhvviour of xomplzfl“–“tzm“C It i“n't v xomputvtionvl mi“unyzr“tvnyingP I'm “urz zvxh of u“ inthvt xlv““ xouly hvvz pullzy out v “hzzt of pvpzrA pluggzy “omz numwzr“ intov wv“ix zquvtion vny xomz up fiith thz “vmz vn“fizr“ thvt fiz fizrz givznCIt'“ vn intuitivz mi“unyzr“tvnyingC lz yiyn't hvvz v “zn“z of hofi quixkl–thing“ fiouly gzt out of hvny for thz wvxtzrivCEflponzntivl grofith | thz t–pz of grofith zflpzriznxzy w– thz wvxtzriv| i“ v nonBlinzvr funxtion9C V“ fiz fiill “zzA nonBlinzvr funxtion“ yz“xriwzmvn– of thz rzlvtion“hip“ thvt oxxur fiithin xomplzfl “–“tzm“ (]vukAGEFI)C conBlinzvr rzlvtion“hip“ vrz vl“o hvryzr to moyzl thvn linzvrrzlvtion“hip“ (]zimvnn vny gzixh“tzinA GEEM)A fihixh mzvn“ thvt our vwilit–to vnvl–zz vny przyixt thz wzhvviour of xomplzfl “–“tzm“ u“ing xomputzrmoyzl“ xvn wz limitzyC ihi“ zpi“oyzA xomwinzy fiith lvtzr rzvlizvtion“ vwoutthz rolz of nonBlinzvrit– vny zflponzntivl grofith in our xomplzfl fiorly lzvymz to fionyzrO lhvt vrz nonBvnvl–tixvl fiv–“ thvt fiz xvn tr– to unyzr“tvnynonBlinzvr y–nvmix“T9ihi“ ju“t mzvn“ thvt thz output i“ not proportionvl to thz inputC In othzr fiory“A“mvll xhvngz“ in thz input =thz zlvp“zy timz) xvn rz“ult in lvrgz xhvngz“ in thz output=thz populvtion of wvxtzriv) vny vixz vzr“vCL[igurz GCFO erofz““or Wutt“ vny thz hzlfBdpzrvting cvpkin w– guwzGolywzrg (euwlix Yomvin)2.3 Rmbe Ggddberg eYchafekW– thz timz I wzgvn m– b[V in GEFHA mzmor– of YrC [izguth'“lzxturz hvy fvyzy into thz yi“tvnxzC I hvy ju“t ni“hzy m– bv“tzr ofVpplizy hxiznxz (bVhx) fiorking on xomputzr vi“ionA pvttzrn rzxognitionAvny mvxhinz intzlligznxzC I fiv“ intzrz“tzy in hofi xomputzr“ uknofi' thing“vny fihzthzr v rzlvtion“hip fiith zxo“–“tzm“ mzyivtzy w– tzxhnolog– xoulyhzlp u“ to zflpzriznxz pvrt“ of our znvironmznt thvt fizrz normvll– wz–onyour pzrxzptionC I fiv“ vl“o thinking vwout guwz Golywzrg mvxhinz“CI hvvz wzzn fv“xinvtzy w– guwz Golywzrg mvxhinz“ for vlmo“t v“long v“ I xvn rzmzmwzrC guwz Golywzrg mvxhinz“ vrz thz wrvinxhily ofxvrtooni“t guwz GolywzrgA fiho fiouly yrvfi zflxzptionvll– xomplixvtzy “zt“of rzlvtion“hip“ v“ v xritiquz of thz qironix rzlvtion wztfizzn zffort vnyrz“ult7(‘o“tzlvnztz vny WrittvinA GEEFA GJG) thvt i“ oftzn founy in inyu“trivlBvgz mvxhinzr–Cihz xonxzpt hv“ oftzn wzzn vyoptzy vny rzBmiflzyC In lmA thz wz“tBknofin zflvmplz i“ from Xhvrliz Xhvplin'“ boyzrn iimz“A fihzrz Xhvplin'“Mxhvrvxtzr znyurz“ fzzying vny puni“hmznt from v mvxhinz thvt look“rzmvrkvwl– “imilvr to Golywzrg'“ erofz““or Wutt“ vny thz hzlfBdpzrvtingcvpkin ([igurz GCF)C ihz timing | thz lm fiv“ proyuxzy in thz FNHE'“Anot long vftzr thz initivl xvrtoon fiv“ rzlzv“zy | vny lm'“ yzpixtion of thzmonoton– of inyu“trivl fiork mzvnt thvt thz mvxhinz rztvinzy muxh of guwzGolywzrg'“ originvl xritixvl “tvnxzC[i“xhli vny lzi““ (FNML) vyoptzy thz xonxzpt of thz linzvr xhvinrzvxtion in thzir HEBminutz long vrt lm ihz lvy ihing“ GoC cofiA longrzmovzy from Golywzrg vny XhvplinA [i“xhli vny lzi““ lzvvz wzhiny thzfvxtor– vny movz to v onxzBzmpt– fivrzhou“z thvt thz– hvvz llzy fiithoryinvr–A zvzr–yv– owjzxt“C htillA thz– mvintvin thz wvnvlit– vny humour ofGolywzrg'“ yrvfiing“ w– turning thz notion of tr–ing to vxxompli“h vn–thingon it“ hzvyC In“tzvyA thz lm proxzzy“ v“ vn zflplorvtion of thz xolli“ion ofmvtzrivl“ in v “uxxz““ful vttzmpt to vxhizvz nothingC[i“xhli vny lzi““'“ fiork fiv“ imitvtzy10 w– WvryouBJvxquzt (GEEH) inhi“ GEEH vyvzrti“zmznt for ]onyvA CogC Cog fzvturzy v guwz Golywzrgmvxhinz mvyz zntirzl– from thz pvrt“ of v ]onyv VxxoryA fihixh form vxhvin rzvxtion rz“ulting in v full– v““zmwlzy xvr rolling off v plvtform vny vvoixzovzr “v–ingA qI“n't it nixz fihzn thing“ ju“t fiorkT7 lhilz thz wv“ix xhvinrzvxtion formvt rzmvin“ intvxt in CogA thz unyzrl–ing mz““vgz hv“ “hiftzyzntirzl–C ihz ]onyv xommzrxivl rzplvxz“ thz hvphvzvry xomplixvtzynz““ ofGolywzrg vny thz uttzr pointlz““nz““ of [i“xhli vny lzi““ fiith v mz““vgzvwout thz mv“tzrful znginzzring vny “implz u“vwilit– of thz VxxoryC ezrhvp“it i“ tting thvt it i“ v xommzrxivl for v xvrA of vll thing“A thvt r“t yivorxzyguwz Golywzrg mvxhinz“ from thzir xritiquz of inyu“tr–Cihz mu“ix viyzo for ihi“ ioo hhvll ev““ w– d‘ Go (GEFE) vl“o wzgin“fiith v xvr | thi“ onz wzing v to– truxk zmwlvzonzy fiith thz logo of thzviyzo'“ xorporvtz “pon“orA htvtz [vrm In“urvnxzC ihz viyzo follofi“ v “zriz“of Golywzrgivn xhvin rzvxtion“A “omz of fihixh vxtuvll– proyuxz “omz ofthz vuyio for thz viyzoA to v xonxlu“ion thvt “zz“ thz wvny “prv–zy fiithpvint xvnnon“ fiith v xhzzring tzxhnixvl xrzfi in thz wvxkgrounyC ihz xhvinrzvxtion“ inxorporvtz “uwtlz “zlfBrzfzrznxz“A inxluying wvll“ running ovzr thzir10homzA inxluying Fi“xhli vny lzi““A fiouly “vy plvgivrizzyCNoly vlwum“ vny v “lzygzhvmmzr “mv“hing v ik thvt i“ plv–ing v przviou“mu“ix viyzo of thzir“C ihough thz rzvxtion“ vrz thoughtfulA thz– yon't quitzxvpturz thz “vmz futilit– v“ [i“xhli vny lzi““ vny thz xhzzring xrofiy vt thzzny point“ onxz morz to v fzvt of tzxhnixvl fiizvryr– v“ oppo“zy to v “ort ofxritixvl “tvnxz on “oxiztvl proxz““z“C]zr“xhzr (GEFF) wring“ thz guwz Golywzrg xonxzpt wvxk to it“ originvlformA thvt of v linzvr “zt of xhvin rzvxtion“ thvt vxxompli“hz“ v “implz tv“kin v xomplixvtzy mvnnzrC ihz evgz iurnzr follofi“ v xhvin rzvxtion thvtwzgin“ fiith ]zr“xhlzr lifting hi“ xoffzz mug vny zny“ fiith thz turning ofthz pvgz of thz nzfi“pvpzr thvt hz i“ rzvyingC ihz pvrt“ in thz mvxhinzvrz xlzvzr vny hz mvnvgz“ to vvoiy mvn– of thz zlzmznt“ thvt hvvz wzxomzxlixhz pvrt“ of guwz Golywzrg mvxhinz“ ovzr thz –zvr“C [or vll thvtA ihzevgz iurnzr “till fzzl“ likz v triumph of thz yz“ignzrA vny “zzm“ to lvxkv xritixvl “tvnxz tofivry thz fiorlyC ezrhvp“A it i“ thz vzr– vxt of rzvlizingGolywzrg'“ vw“ury mvxhinz“ thvt movz“ thzm from thz rzvlm of xritiquz inimvginvtion to profiz““ in yz“ignCIt fiv“A in pvrtA thvt rzvlizvtion thvt lzvy mz to “hift m– thinkingvwout fihvt I fivntzy to vxxompli“h fiith m– b[VC [rom thz out“ztA Ihvy xonxzivzy of v guwz Golywzrg mvxhinz thvt “hiftzy thz notion of timzin xhvin rzvxtion“C I thought vwout xon“truxting “omzthing thvt opzrvtzyon thz “xvlz of fizzk“A month“A vny –zvr“ in“tzvy of mzrz minutz“C Vny Ifivntzy to inxorporvtz zxo“–“tzm proxz““z“ | thz xhvnging of thz “zv“on“Athz grofith vny rzproyuxtion of plvnt“A vny thz migrvtion“ of vnimvl“ | intothz xhvin rzvxtionC Wut I rzvlizzy thvtA in xrzvting “omzthing zflxzzyingl–xomplixvtzyA I fiouly hvvz mzrzl– wzzn xrzvting v monumznt to m–“zlf v“vn znginzzr vny yz“ignzrCihz huwri“ involvzy in thvt “ort of znyzvvour i“ “imilvr to thvt fihixhlzvy ElW to originvll– think thvt it i“ po““iwlz to znginzzr “implz “olution“to povzrt–C It rzinforxz“ thz illu“ion thvt mvn– of u“ hvvz of xontrol ovzr thzfiorly vny v““umz“ thvt fiz hvvz thz vw“olutz vwilit– knofi vny rzpvir itC Irzvli“zy thvt I nzzyzy to xrzvtz “omzthing thvt fiv“ lz““ linzvrA lz““ xzrtvinof it“zlfA vny lz““ vwout thz vxxompli“hmznt of “omz fzvtC I nzzyzy to xrzvtz“omzthing thvt i“ przxvriou“ vny invokz“ v “zn“z of humilit– vny “uwtlzt–C IFEnzzyzy to xrzvtz “omzthing xomplzflC2., Cgehdepalybvny “y“tzm“ vppzvr “implzA wut rzvzvl rzmvrkvwlz xomplzflityfihzn zflvminzy xlo“zly (zCgC v lzvf)C dthzr“ vppzvr xomplzflAwut xvn wz yz“xriwzy “implyA zCgC “omz mvxhinz“A “uxh v“ thzintzrnvl xomwu“tion znginzC io xompouny mvttzr“A xomplzflityi“ not loxvtzy vt v “pzxi!xA iyznti!vwlz “itz in v “y“tzmC Wzxvu“zxomplzflity rz“ult“ from thz intzrvxtion wztfizzn thz xomponznt“of v “y“tzmA xomplzflity i“ mvnifz“tzy vt thz lzvzl of thz “y“tzmit“zlfC(Xillizr“A FNNM)Xomplzflit– i“ oftzn xonfu“zy fiith xomplixvtzynz““A wut thz tfio vrzzntirzl– yiffzrznt (‘vgvnA GEFF)C Imvginz v mv““ of tvnglzy “tringA knottzyvny loopzy vrouny it“zlfA ovzr vny ovzrC ihz rz“ulting mz““ of wrz“i“ xomplixvtzyC It i“ yiffixult to untvnglzA wut “till “ingulvrA linzvrA vnyzvzntuvll– “zpvrvwlzC Xomplzflit– i“ v xlu“tzr of “trvny“ thvt fizvvz in vnyout of onz vnothzrC ihz– “plit vny rzxomwinzA wrviy vny xurlA forming vlzngth of ropz thvt xvnnot wz yi“zntvnglzyC ihz “implz “trvny“ form vninyivi“iwlz fiholzCXomplzflit–A vt it“ root yz“xriwz“ v “–“tzm of rzlvtion“hip“C jnlikz thzlinzvr rzlvtion“hip“ of v guwz Golywzrg mvxhinzA fihzrz onz pizxz movz“ thznzfltA fihixh movz“ thz nzflt vny “o on until thz proxz““ zny“ in v przyixtvwlzfv“hionA thz vzr– xompo“ition of v xomplzfl “–“tzm xvn xhvngz v“ thz “–“tzmi“ unyzrfiv–A lzvying to unprzyixtvwlz rz“ult“CEvrth'“ xlimvtz i“ vn zflxzllznt zflvmplz of v xomplzfl “–“tzm (bvrguli“AGEEIP gvmvnkutt– zt vlCA GEEKP ]vukA GEFI)C ihz “–“tzm i“ full of thz t–pz“of fzzywvxk loop“ thvt xhvrvxtzrizz xomplzfl “–“tzm“ (]ollyowlzr vny lil“onAFNNEP ]urlimvnnA GEEN)C V fzzywvxk loopA in it“ mo“t “implz formA i“ fihznonz thing vffzxt“ vnothzr thingA thvt vffzxt“ thz r“tA v“ though our guwzGolywzrg mvxhinz hvy loopzy wvxk on it“zlfC[zzywvxk loop“ xvn wz po“itivz or nzgvtivz11C [or zflvmplzA thzrz i“ v11ihi“ i“ v mvthzmvtixvlA not v morvl vlignmzntCFFnzgvtivz fzzywvxk loop wztfizzn thz vmount of xvrwon yiofliyz (CO2) in thzvtmo“phzrz vny thz grofith of plvnt“ ([vrquhvr zt vlCA FNLM)C V“ CO2 lzvzl“ri“zA thzrz i“ morz xvrwon for plvnt“ to wrzvthzA vny thz– tzny to grofi morzCV“ morz vny morz plvnt“ grofiA it rzyuxz“ thz vmount of CO2 in thz vir v“thz plvnt“ xonvzrt it to ofl–gzn (O2)C ihi“ mvkz“ it hvryzr for plvnt“ to grofiAfihixh xvu“z“ thz lzvzl“ of CO2 to zvzntuvll– ri“z vgvinA rzB“tvrting thz x–xlzCihi“ i“ vn zflvmplz of v nzgvtivz fzzywvxk loop 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vttriwutz intzlligznxz vny vutonom– to thz rowotA yz“pitz | vny likzl–wzxvu“z of | it“ rz“pon“z rzmvining pvrtivll– unprzyixtvwlz (Wofin zt vlCAGEFI)C It wzxvmz xlzvr to pvrtixipvnt“ thvt thzrz fiv“ “omz “ort of unyzrl–ingpvttzrn vny oryzr to thz motion vny thi“ vllofizy thzm to zngvgz in v wvxkBvnyBforth rzlvtion“hip fiith thz novzl mvxhinzCIn thi“ xongurvtionA zmzrgznt vrtfiork“ xvn wzxomz xonvzr“vtionpizxz“ (‘z“tzrA GEEIP Wofin zt vlCA GEFI)A “pvxz“ for thz rzBzflvminvtionof rzlvtion“hip“C Yuz to thz mzxhvnixvl vny xomputvtionvl nvturz of thzvrt “–“tzm“ thvt xrzvtz thz“z zmzrgznt in“tvllvtion“A thz rzlvtion“hip thvti“ zflvminzy i“ oftzn onz of thz humvn to thz mvxhinzC lhilz thi“ i“vn importvnt rzlvtion“hip to xritiquz vny zflvminzA I think it i“ vxtuvll–importvnt to wzgin to u“z xomplzfl vrt “–“tzm“ to zflvminz our rzlvtion“hip tothz vzr– nvturz of xomplzflit– vny zmzrgznxzC bxXormvxk vny Yorin (GEEF)think thvt it i“ po““iwlz yo ju“t thvtO qGznzrvtivz vrt u“uvll– involvz“ 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!fthintzrnvtionvl xonfzrznxz on ivngiwlzA zmwzyyzyA vny zmwoyizy intzrvxtionB iEI 'FFA pvgz KFA czfi norkA czfi norkA jhVC VXb erz““C Ggvmvnkutt–A cCA YzlirzA XCA vny hn–yzrA eC (GEEK)C [zzywvxk“ wztfizznvgrixulturz vny xlimvtzO Vn illu“trvtion of thz potzntivl unintznyzyxon“zquznxz“ of humvn lvny u“z vxtivitiz“C Glowvl vny elvnztvry ChvngzAJI(FBG)OLN{NHC FFrVnyom Intzrnvtionvl (GEFG)C gvin goomC FJgvttoA bC (GEFF)C Xritixvl bvkingO Xonxzptuvl vny bvtzrivl htuyiz“ inizxhnolog– vny hoxivl aifzC ihz Informvtion hoxiztyA GL(I)OGJG{GKEC GIgvvznA eC ]CA EvzrtA gC [CA vny EixhhornA hC EC (FNNN)C Wiology of plvnt“ClC]C [rzzmvnA czfi norkA cnA Kth zyitionC HGJKgixhvry“onA bCA ElliottA hCA vny ]v–loxkA WC (GEFH)C ihi“ homz i“ v fvxtor–OImplixvtion“ of thz bvkzr movzmznt on urwvn znvironmznt“C xrvft +yz“ign znquiryA (J)OFIF{FJHC GJgittzlA ]C lC JC vny lzwwzrA bC bC (FNLH)C Yilzmmv“ in v gznzrvl thzor–of plvnningC eolixy hxiznxz“A I(G)OFJJ{FKNC FhvrvxznoA iC (GEFE)C FI Willion“C FKhxhonA YC (FNMH)C ihz rzzxtivz prvxtitionzrO Hofi profz““ionvl“ think invxtionC GHhxhultzA ‘C (FNNE)C bimz“i“ on thz movzO ihzoyor lC Vyorno'“ xonxzpt ofimitvtionC GFihvlmvnnA YC vny bu““zA hC gC (GEFH)C Crofiy himulvtionC hpringzr aonyonAaonyonC HEkzlnufvg“quzzA YC (FNKJ)C av“ bzninv“C FJlvkkvr–A gC aC (GEEN)C Eflpzriznxing Intzrvxtion Yz“ignO V ervgmvtixihzoryC ehyA jnivzr“it– of el–mouthC GGlvllA YCA zyitor (GEEH)C Grzzn Hi“toryO V gzvyzr in EnvironmzntvlaitzrvturzA ehilo“ophy vny eolitix“C goutlzygzA aonyonC GIlzintrvuwA aC (GEFG)C io lifz6 jnivzr“it– of Xvliforniv erz““A Wzrkzlz–A XVCFKlinogrvyA iC (FNNL)C ihz Yz“ign of IntzrvxtionC In YznningA eC JC vnybztxvlfzA gC bCA zyitor“A Wzyony xvlxulvtion O ihz nzflt !fty yzvr“ ofxomputingA volumz FNKMA xhvptzr FGA pvgz“ FIN{FKFC hpringzrBkzrlvgA czfinorkA cnC GHJL

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