UBC Theses and Dissertations

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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Beyond music sharing: an evaluation of peer-to-peer data dissemination techniques in large scientific.. Al Kiswany, Samer 2007

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YO MUSIC S: AEAOOEE SSEMIOCIQUES IESCIEIC COAObSAMEAKISWAS rd Unt S d n A ESIS SUIEIIAIME OE QUIMES E GE OMASOAESCIEEE CUY OGA SES(Eltr d Cp EnnrE UI OISCOMA S Al Kn AAC dfr nt rtd thtt frrhldtr td tpr  ntt thnd f fntddnnAn t ddtrn hll fd thdbb nfltrrt ntr tnthpt thnr d dtrld ptt Wtv ddtrn thn  lpl bt pr-tpr nr dptn th bddth pltnd n th Wlntplthpfn  ththn nttl tth bt dntr nt llnd dvrndnf fnt ddnnO pt rt th thpr-tpr lnth f ld bnd  flt t prtd hbd ptn nt ld tjtd  t nt dllndl  -prnnrrv   d thdlnt pr-tpr dd ll ltpfh thnE OCOESAbrt ^  bl Ctt ^   bl ^  v  r ^  vAnlt ^  vdn   1 Intrtn  ^ 11Ctrn ^ 31Sr nd  ^ 1 bln ^ 51 Strt  ^ 5 t St Cln ^ 73 trnSnd Mr ^  13Clfn  Appr ^  13tSt ^  113trtn ^  13Orth nddth Expltn ^  13CdSnf Evtn ^  133 Mtt ^  13 d Appln-v Mtt ^  13S ^  13ll ^  173trrt ^  13S Mr ^  19 Evtn Appr ^  1An Evtn ^   plnt-b Evtn ^  3Sn-b Evtn  ^  5 Stn ^  5S  ^  5Stn n ^  5Sp thSn St ^  35S Evtn ^  3 Sn lt ^  31Expt S ^  3 rfnl  ^  353Ovhd trEfft ^    l ^  5ntCpf ^   Efft  th   ll d trrt ^  7Sr ^  51 f ^  53Appd AA  Crtn Alrh ^  Appd  S Crtn Alrh ^  SOESbl5l ll d trrt pr d ^  31vSOGUS^r Sn tf 2n td f  ^r5Sn tf dn1 Gf  3r1  dtnth hl thftr f th^ G t   37r   dtnth hl thftr f th^ EGEE t  37r3  dtnth hl thftr f th^ Gr t  3r  tfh thtr t59d l n f thG^t d r rbddth   3r5 tfh thtr t59d l n f thEGEE^t d r rbddth   39r  tfh thtr t59d l n f thGrt d r rbddth ^  39r7  dtnth hl thftr th t^n t  ^r Ovhd f  pr  thG t  r9 bnf Atrrt d ll ^  r1 Avlrdtrn  trrt d ll  thG^t  r11M lrdtrn  trrt d ll  th^G t  r1Str nrtn rh ^  vACKWEMESI d ltnrth pvM pn  rd n hbn pbltht h tppt d th vprtI  tl  llAdrnIn-  Unt Sth(US d Sh zhd  O d tn b(Ofthr lln d hpf thn vI d ltthShh Grhn f h ft  rnth rdprhpf td thn vSrth  t dr frnd En M hp d ppt pnth  nt  t   tf Al MrnKhnd Md Mf thr frndd nttI   tthtrd Strr p t El St-tAbdl GhbArn hrr Gh d v f thrfrndpptd tf tI   tl  td nt ppt thCpEnnrptnt  rd Unt S d n(SSplth  tr Sr tnOr Al-jrd Md Al-rnf thr ppt d ht vthr  t l    tMd M z Idrh AdAlShn Abdltn Eldd S Abd-hzvr  tI f ptnllnttn  pbltnt  ttht tht d ppt  fppl r d ft  th lt  pt I d b f d  brh Kh d lr ndn ld nf   dplprtb rtnln lI   tKdd Stt x A&M Unt(MU f thr hp d ppt thr thhdt t  t r hp d pn dplprtv 1?vtthIIllhbfl W  p Intrtnd Grprthfrtrtth l tdldtrdd A nb  rtd rvnp (1 15 b dth nd tb blrhldpd  rn rth  fnt ddnn lnExpl  dtvllnthEn Cnl f r (CEr dr Cl (Cpt [1]ntr t thSpln r Sr (S[th pt  r tn Ab thSthn Cn EthCt rthlrh[3] d CSh[Enlthftn  thlldfn nnrphh-d ttnnt(rr [5]dr [d t btr tldpr(Gr[7]I [v ddtrn rrrtl plvvpl dvt thr b j[91 th ld h tnnrndn nn d ld rplt thlln[11] dn-d nAt th t pr-tpr fd llfntlpltptn  dbrr pr  tl f tbl d tr th p pbldft nrph   trrt[1Anh pr  tplt thth bddth th t blltdtrn-rt ddtrn tr [13]Aftn thn1f v b  d thrp  nrrr drn  thf ld nflrthr  thnhbndl [1 d d [1 15]  thntt  pr-tpr fdpln-l lttv thnn bdtltltGr tt b  thdft  rd  rr prt r pl  ptt  thd dtrn  bt dll ttntt lnf rl-t d vln f pl thprndf r  tn Atd SpAdntrn (SAtlhtr dth nd tbprd  nr rl t[1Anh pl thnrrt vln pr  vll ln pt[17]In th pr thtdtrt l ln nt f ld vlnCrrt vln h thr  vt1 l thntt tvthrrt  thlrnln d f r tnd r   lhh tp rn n  vt thrrt3  thl f  t lhrtrnd ft  pr  t  SA p pl ft d [17] t  tft thprr hrntll d vln  thln rt nfltntf dntnd l-znt d ll prn nrOn d th thttn th ll-prn nr ffnt f t ddpfnpht rh (   pr-tpr  th t tl l-rr vntpfl d d jtd hdfl d thnt th vd ddnn l rr thhh dv d thrl llntnttn dbtl   rr Addnl   nttn f  rr nr nrnthtn rnh nr  prn d thvd ddnn thndnr dt r  Wplptlthln ftnl-ddv lnth rl-rld p Wnd lntl th pr-tpr pln(  trrt[1  ll [13]d tth  thl dfn th dthr rl t prtn Gr ttb r ln G [1EGEE[19] d Gr [] Ctrnntrn  th  thrfdrth tt d t  rrtddthnpld trlt vnt ttn  th  tdll-pptrndnf nddnn lnd f prnthGrnrfrtrt rthr ntr tbt dd thpfn trff thddnn   thbt  r lth thfhd-thd   tnddnn lnltlpfn tr ttlthdnn  d n hddld b3Sd dn tthddnn lnltltr  pr tthbt  r lthf ttn thfrn thlnd thr pt  trfO rt thth pt n bt d t th frnld b ptt ft ndnn ln d thrht nrnt frtrtdbrt  th  ln frth n b tplt lnf  dlntd n btd f n dnnln2. Sr ndtdnn  n vnt t brllln(tthdr ptt l df ttrll-prn nrd llpttO ln-b pt vtn  v lnlt fr t  Intn ddd pr-tpr dl thflrthGr dlnt d -prnh lv ltlfthtlt thnt thr rhSdl pln-l h  trrtll d pln-l ltt pfbt  t  dnnt vth trhh-trf hd dl thnvln  pdtrfr  t dtn pfn drdrl thllbddth  thnrrdr In   tpr-tpr lthnth ltplt ltlpht thph tn f pfn  bln rrt  t rd pln d jrn bnplnrt  lln th AdrnIn  Unt Sth d Sh zhd O d tn b fl thlt  ththr pln S Al-Kn M pn AdrnIn d Sh zhd"nd M Sh An Evtn  -t tn n r St ClnStt tthn  Gr Cp S Al-Kn M pn AdrnIn d Sh zhd"Artn nl d tIntvStCln"13th Intnn Er CfEn Cf rl d r Cp At -31nn(ptr/333 =  S Al-Knd M pn "A Sn St trnStrf r-St tClnth IEEE CnCf  Eltr d Cp Ennr nApr tht pln pdth r t bt rr prt Grrrt[] d hdtvb  t []d bn lt  rndrdbthd rr p []4.  Strtrt  th th  n  fl Cht prtthdtt nt llnd  th th thtn5pr-tpr f Cht 3 rvtr ddnnd d  dl thdnn h th Cht dthdft tn pr f t  dnn thn dprtrv  r r Cht 5 prtthdn  r l dCht prtr tn rt Wr fd  Cht 72. t St Clnr df  dft tprt thbr  tthnpl  pr-tpr  pld tnt dfn  ddtt d rr l  d p  l nt d n tr lltn(r r hdrtthnd Gzfr  thrth lln f      b nrd M rth 5lr th 1Gd th fz lr th3M[]  rth  t lr th th1fztrr thK nr   rt  []b th th d  th thf rrtltrr btrrt (l vd ftrdtrnll    [] rt  fz  Anh pl thrh[] rthln A nln n t dth   d vl rr [5]U  d  nt   dft  tt  th r pl th5 nttpt  th   prt prd rth5  db nr d M h tr trth13 lln dt df d n dprnr M[]Addnl  pdtrn f nt drth  pr-tpr th t pt  ft r pl     f r b   dft  trrt fn br bthnd  r[]7Anh df  d   -   t nt vnt f   pd n dll nthhh- phprt   n d j   1 fth x  rth nd f lt  tltlf rthprlbrt  bthl fz rtr dlltn thd  r pl thl t d th tr   [] b 11 d nl  rr l  Grp l lth  pr-tprnrCp nnt f lrth tll n rdhh ld thdrttd ftrnfnAt th t dfnlblt  t  ll-prn(t -prnnrl (rr p tthIntnIn ptnrr ll prnt th ltlGbplY h df  rr l th  nt llnrr  t fd bt--bd    rntbn b nd rr fdr th rn th f ptn  tht-f-t h trrtpnrhdd l thl  pfnAll thprt(hztr ll prn nrrlrr vnt vthtn h pr-tpr ddtrn rll rt  tbl thll-d nrfrtrt  h t Grdl A r  nrtdrndnf nrtd prnfttbd nfntdnn pr tppt nt lln9 trn: Snd Mrnvln f ddnn  tt   ddt tr nb  d d dtn prAlth th thn  rln th fnt d ldthd  t t  rrt dlnt[9]A nd ll-dd ln  tIlttvdptft Iltt  n ddl   rr n rthdr d flnprlprrb nn d fl ntr []An dnt  rnf Iltt l dlnt  l ppt f pntthn f p tnrv thnd ndthndtr drlnd ppt f nrnt [] pr tn nrr prthpl ddnnln thpln l n pr fn  ddtrnthn(Stn 3 dlthrrtthn hlt tpldth  th th (Stn 3 d prtth  h ddnnlntlt (Stn 3 Clfn  Appr n tthr brd t thn  pln-l ddnn  d dptn d th bddth hnnExtddnn lnt n ththn rt th n d ththn dl  thntt  r tt vnt1 tStWh d ptn   tdtpnt thddtrn lnSh  pr  dfblbthn  nrl r   bn prt thIntnf pln- ptbld llnrrlth thrpln-l rtfrtrt   b  thprth phtplnbt  thr rr nd ddld  nrntd n th pftlt rr ln d rd/dtr hIn th vnpr-tpr fn bvd  dlthpht pln-l rtpfd  t  thtrn Intn [3Sl  nt d   lln ptnd tt  dld ttrt lIn d d trd  bthn  pln-l tl tr r llt t th tlt rtftnthr th trWth Sv[31]  Grpr [3Sh ftn th  t fd dnrdrt th dtrn b   t fhn b  dnrnt h[33]A lt  th tthptt  tdr d pntf rfnt dnnAddnl ddtrn frtrtn t  tdrrlpl rr(  lt [3 [35]td In thth  l v  lt ltt [3  thrrtpt th  ln Wl lt Il lt ltt11frtrtth  fbfp th l thtdtrt  ln  ttthx bdn f   n2. trtn d fl v pr-tpr ddtrn lnl f tbl dtr thbl ddtl(trrt [1ll [13]S[37] dnh Mh lthtn pln-l rt th prlplnt dr  ntr  ddtrnrth lpln-l r rrtnf pl  th  dnldffrltlrlptnn bl th dthvflt tS  ththn  prtn (t tn [3 39]rtnthnn ht v  d lln ttr th nnnd tprpln-l rn   tdtr ldvt  thGr llvv tr l f thrr tbrnt  thf fl   nrt  rprpn prpt  tt rrtth dptn r  ll [13]   d ddnn ln d thdp trrt fpr [1 Orth nddth ExpltnOn b fptn  pl  n th b tpltth bddth h th tnnrphtd- dtr rn  th n thbddth llttrn -1rt dtrn tr n bt dn rthnrphtht b tr d lf n  thpr nb  ldl  ldnddtrn  Orth bddth tpr ptnf tbl dll nd bltdft pr th thtt th prdth fpr- rnd fr  h thdth Sh  pr r  bh tplt thrl bddth ll thpr drpttl tpl tnnrrt th d n hbnll n dtrn Mpr-tpr nr  thr t tn(trrtIntt  prth   d  f ll f rpld tGr dlln vv  thtndn tr nlvnt   thIntnprntd fbddthOntn  dr h th ttn tr  thbddth plt  th th dn dllnth hvprn nr2. CdSnf Evtnr r pt   lt prlpr lnfr   thtprt  W h trnll-dd thnbf r flbnprt brf dtn f  thln t132.  Mtt ltt ( [3 ( d rlr  Stn 3 dd thlt nrnpr [3 nrnfrtrtrprlpl n   l tpddtrn; thrlpl n rv rtd   dn tprrv[35]Intn pl [ ]  thpr th pltthrvpr (f l  d rd th thplnn t thlt  [3  tftn tnrt ltttr fr n tltldtnthtdtlt ntdtn  tbf d thdtthdtn ltttr  d  f h dtrb thtr ntftn   nrtthtr  thbnrt d []  rv rddl  thf bddth t b b n [] tl v  th pr  th lt   th rt  r t d th tdrn hfpWh thln thlt ltt v  tf p bndf thpfn  ddnn lnb  -rt dtrntr2.2.  d Appln Mtt b pln-l ltt (Alnnptnt-rt l tr  f ddnn []Eh ntnftn t thh n  thtr   nnt t trtrh 1trl  d lpd dn thtr rt S r ptn d-n th  tt  ltd rlt bl dfl ntr n blplt f  tr brWh dftt v A ln thrh tbld d tnthdtrn trrh n bfd b  ltlthn  thptrr thr pr tdtrnthr  rt  rt ld thpfn tr th  t  n d frtrt  Sr rlplfrtrtprtppt thnrtn  thr ddtrn tr(Ov []OM []pln l S[37] httrd-n tht frtrtppt (r[]AI [] Ovl rt  Sdnn tr nrtn rh  tht  rt l br( CAltt[]S[]SplStr[] Ctr v dtr tr nrtn r l d dntr tr nrtn d nt rh b  fl  vhbn dn (AI [] At thh d  thtrb rt llthdllln n Optn fn Wh dnn tr nrtn rh rtprthhht pblbddthh rh tnthrthd t  dn d  n nrtrf ( r[]CE [5OM []  trtld b thdnn ft b thl n []15ntl nb  hpr ddnn rh ttthGr frtrt Gr[51]f pl bldtt-ph-f tr b  vtl d  th v n nrbnb Anh Mtt Optnddth (MO [5thr pr; n n tt d trt trprr tt-t trtrhd n  dth tht d b tht trrt lpr (trrt dtn  Stn 3 MOthtftn  lld ln tl thnr r tn   ntr ln b   tv(l tAI []prrtf th tt d fnr t trO rhnrtbddth-t A tr tht nrlpl prn  thpr  rt l br rn t bddth-t tr nrtn  th thdtr ttfh  tnd th ddnn tr  r vntAppd Aprt dl thtr nrtn hrt d  l2. SStl Indtn f th vtf Exp pln (S [37] ft  hrtth l ft ntt dtrn bbldltl-rttr(n v   Sn plt tthbddth thn n b  thpln  ll   l nrlSbldt  tr d trtxthbddth  l thnrt tr Sbldtr  t n-dfhnMnthSdn trtxthnrt tr bddth  th  ntr1nrtn rh d  lttr nrtnrh (f [53] h  d nt In nrttr Strtxthrlbddth lt f thh trtbnrtr ththnrtn rhltfr t  nd thlth lv thx tbddth f  n Appd dlthStr nrtn rhA nb  h rh b  th prpl bldt -rt trtplt thth bddth ll r pl  rllpln (tl [53] nrtltl -rt ltttrbrtldth-f  tfd tr nl ht r  trbddth hh  thbtlbddth  "rv"  l l   thtr fn trntt nrtrnl htn bfnddtbdtr  th ltt  f-zbl l trfndr r ln  nd  Srh  nrlh f p bnd f lnb  ltl-rttr tth th  S ltbld lntr   vtttrn Iltt3llll [13] ftplt th bddth blldtrdjnt bt d dft ph dtrn tr ( thA-blt tr th Aft th n pr  d  bl tlthfdtrnll  dd th rt tr  nthntrrpr tf znntt fr lftth n  tndtr rd bt  th f17zbl dn thtrthtdv thbl th tt   h pr thrth thpr b prth t d h bl tnd tthdtn dd th thdtn n  ph-b ln n dltrf nl tht nld tthpb trtdlbl tdtn2. trrttrrt [1  p ddtrn hth pltthld bddth ptprf fnt ddnnrtn bld trtpr- rnd  fbltrrt plt rh  nn d rt ft rhnrhlttht  prtrrthnrhtr dnldrpr bh pr d pdlltt  prfthhhtdnld rtrrth (nd bl tMvpdl ltprttl  tt ltn (n ln tdv h prd hpthn jnn ttn thr f blrt f rh lrhf ltthnt bltdnld fr thpr r thpr thnll trtdnld f thblth  l rl nb  pr n thpb lthrbl d trtdtrl thbl f bt pfntrrt n-vnt d plt-f-t (thrthnrh nttdfr r Addnl nlfh nltprtnn ttntt1drdthl fn  thddtrn nCtl nll rvdtthprth rvb rn  bl  hh rOth ln  nl tf b f   lIlttd thnvpr  ddt trfr th t dtn S MrMtlt trn bd f  dnt prlrpt  thtr ddt  thpln nttnddtrn ln  t f l d r tn  vthn rr f nln prrtf  pln nttd dlnt rfn jt  Mtr t  t t tr f ddnn dtthnd tnd l dtl dtn th rl-tprn thd-tn prrthl[5f tl  nth dn thpnt  thhht tr ttdtn Mthl pt  thnr  r vdd ddnnthnth bld pht dtrn trd plt l llnrrt  v ttthr l pt d thr pt  btllAtr td tthnrft t vvnthld  btllthnt  dldtrr thnrfft(b x ltrr thdtrn tr  b Wh thlt d-n  thddnn ftlrdthld pttb  ptt ld b19tr t h ll  dnn bld ptnn th nrrt trb ptt nrn dd thl-l nrd thprn pllptt ndth   t nrd plnfrndl In th n  tprfr  thllbddth t dflltlflf npln ll rft h nrrt pln nfl d4. Evtn Apprr dft pr pbltttht prd  Stn3n Andlntd lnnt thr ndl thprd prt rv  r r4. An Evtn pr trf ttd f thddnn  th thd th thrtprthprtd t thpfn  thdnn thnd d ld d h thn nntthn tt d dnn thn prtfft  dhbn pr tdft fdtrnpr rl-l     [55] thpfn  tpln-l tr fdtrn-rh  ll  pl tr rt In  ntr ththnth  thnb  (   dr p nthpnt thn ldddr   b l   prll bldd d tr n ld thtf  t th thpl trrhtpf thntr rh rthr th  lntnth ft thr thrt  h nrl thn hth ld ddnld bddthd thnrr  prn tn  n  nrrtfl n  thnb  n d    thnb  prp nQ d Srt [5 prt fld d  trrt-lnr h thnftrrn (th  thdnld t n ddt  thnr rd th thrt-f-p fnt  dtrthfblr  h f dth trff b thl thd d tptl  dlCtl   t nrtl t rltl thd  dt th nltrtl In l d  lddnn    rlt t ht  nfpnrr  tnthtrf n  thnrr Wht thtn  thh d  dth rd htph nrt d nrnttn btrtl4.2. plnt Evtndlnt pr dd dlthdd pltn  ththnd  ttb  lzd pth thttCdth  thdlnt pr ttt thndthn ttb lb [] d tthpfn  ththnd rl rd pr  plbln thrt rtrt  dd thnpltn  rl-ll-ttbt th pr  n lf l thtr tt t ld tthpr  ntrl ftfnd   ttb Cdth prt tt trprt  Stn3  pbltfrlthpfn  thndthn ttb lb  b thlndf  thth pf thpr  nrrt trfr  th  tt  tpr lttb  t n d dtnf thnndn tthdtnthnd  n dntthdtnG th   ththnd thh pln thtn frndlprthpfn  tht thn nl th nrrt trf b tht nrn th thnd pr pfbt ld  n  nntntthdtnd h bnlfr  thlbddth th h plnd n b  ththn  thbt  r l th ndlnt-b th  t dnn thn Indnb  t-b hbnndt ttthpfn  dl  dd  lf llt bntr rv  th  tllt bdd npt thdnn nr    [57] prt t-b  trrt rt ftr   t  t f t nlt trr (ntr rrv  trrt dnn nrrrd rt frv(rvrvthd-ftndt tr thn pt rtn fWhthr nfd trrt tdl th flh d thntf dtrthtrr t thd td nt f   dn prt fdtrn r t dnld t ld bn d nrrIz    [5 prt l  In thr r th t l f f p-ftrt; thf l fn bftrrthnd l fn thr rnpr ntpt th  trtr fdnf trrt tll d thdlflh d rl lprrnldnld r vth  l   rddl ntrr l ff nfSdthnt l f n thr nt nnt t1b nntnh hdthn thrt nl d tthl ftn fnd  l fnrtrt rdld bnb pr pr hd4. Sn Evtnln pr lth pr tth dthtt Unlth pr thd  thln pr n ptthptt dltht rrnt h    tthdthl nt  dld  ft b thtt tr thtt rld thnt  rrllf thlnAt d th pr lthfthf ln  thtt thnf  ththn dd pltn  pt l l l n [59]On thhd lthhh l ln  ththn  lththn hhl dfl  nr fpln tpt tdft pr nlf  thft  pr  d p thpr pfnb   [15] thft  thtrrt dft   thpfnWhthr fd r th r ln rt thr lntnlv  tn r pl  thr nrdththd lthld dnll  thnrtht ndthl  thr thnr Whth tn d bjtd bndth prn nntnfnd   nr r ( thbtll l thnr  r  th  l th th ltlflth l nb  rlIn dnthdn nd thprhdn  drth frnth trfh  bvtrtnd  ltpr f nt lln Whtrrt trt rr ttn d tddlnth ddnn hn trt l ttnIn d ttththn  hblt l th r  thfbllWbvth r l l f tdtllt dnnpr A dl dn  r d d ln pr  prt Cht 5 StnIn d ttththn  hblt l th r  thfbll t prttht  dnth  r l dn(Stn 5 prtdlt lththn tvt(Stn 5 d th r ln(Stn 5d t d r l th l l thl(Stn 5 S Whblt hh-l l tvtthpfn  dft ddtrn pr Af  l th trff  f b thrr vl tln d thf thlnAt d  thpbldn tr pt-l l(   n [59]d ( Mt []  El [] th rrt hdrrrb dpln pfn fthflbrndd pln ddlnrtr thIpt lAt thh d  thtr hh-l lth rt thpln tr ptnd pll nrd[]r pl l pr  tdthIntn  hl p l d fbddth  thrAnh pl rlpt-l ln (nlpv pll pt prn thr r rt  d nrlth fl-l ln rr l n rr thtt thnrph  p dfl-l lnl lltttrth hdr dtntht ndlrthrtr[]O l t b tht tr  At thpln l th fbltrn  n n thddnnh  vtfbl  thr dnt At thnrln l dn l thpt l dlllnttn b pln flIn dnr l dn d pltn   bthflt dnIntr hd  r r tt dtrn  l fthn ntr trf  d l th  pldSl thdn d rr f ntr dd nrn ntr n n  ttl dtr d pllv thth ntr  l  t pbdArt dn tpt ttntr n hd d dn d thd  trU   v O l   v th  d thrhdlth n rt tr vtnflrhh-l ln jt thl rl dtr nfnrh (f bldpln-l dnn tr th thr ntrtn th  vAnthpfn  ntrv l v   p bnd  thpfn  dtr vIl tn ddnn ln p dft rthnrdntl  t  vntfbt pt pfn lbbnrfr ttrf th prld lfrhd-thd tn pfrtn pt t  Wf t dnn ln n (Stn 3d  th  thr pt  trf(Stn 52. Stn nWpt th thfr lnf ddnn d  Stn 3pln-l ltt (A trrtlld lt ltt prttn t thr fn th th t b rnd thb  Iltt dtrn (d prt ShrtIlttth n td t f thn tr t t  t  nrd nld-bStrtbld ltlIltt tr d ttlplt thbddth thr dft phfrth tdtn ntl Spf tltIltt t n bld ltrnd b t thnv(t pddnn lnth ndp thfpt n r th thl  thbt Iph tnd dfr th t dtnr thln ll  f l tr-b ln thl  tht hddn thrtphd thfl nttn  thph ll d t dtr pfnr th l pr ll d trrtthl d bltr ddtl   nrd tthn-dnt n thddnn ln lndlt blz 51K(  dltrrt [1 ] Wpt th ltlblz b n thblzdn ht pt  pfn dn thrthl    thr  drt pr d bltrAthr n d thrtd rpblf rnthrtprf l tn n  tht thprd rpblf nrtprrnb n rdtthpr n; dfl thbltr d thftn pr btht h d ttrthbl b prthphpr bthrtdtf ll nttnprd  v n flfd t thntt  h n h htlpr ll dtrrt pfnIn rdlt rtphb n lt (tt phrhthln r  rndf tht dnn lnth tpprb nll d trrt  rndfthprrh d dn pr n th  d Atth  th tht p ftn (tht  pr n ndthnt rnd d thrtphb th nrnttn  l  ph ld thnb  bl tbtrr b  pr  n fndxttht  bl tbd ltd flthbl l tprb thpr tththrtd vl  thbn thlnthprd thbltr d v   th drthl ln d Sp thSn StIn d tf  thjt  r   l th  h  vptthrtlrr  dn pt thv r rtn  nth tnf l ln  Art Ct tr ntrl dlnt vnt tn dn tpt ttthpt  nd lv Wdn tthpt  pft ftn ( ttnrh th l v rr Wdn vtth thh (th l hbn n trll  th t Gr dlnt4. S EvtnWdn r l th rph  rd l lnpfn n prtthl thln f th tvr t thl pfn  prt tt d thl pfn th th  h l f l l f Iltt Alt ltt Sdddt trfr th tn l thhh-l dnt3-- ll- - trrtpr brCtl  ll th trrt d ll lh bll lnWhll d trrt lth rtd  h l prd bltr drltthpr tt Sthth l pr l th l thz thpht n pl bl5 dlthl  df thtprM ll trrt O(E3  O(E3  O(E ( O(E+E 3 (E  (E  +E(bl  bl1l ll d trrt pr dtn  E - thnb  d n;  -  thnb  l  thph nrt  -  thnb fbl;  -  thnb  prp n1^ ^ ^ ^ 1  bl ( thndr  Sn tf  n td 1Gf3100 ll    trrt42000 Q00 02 lb  n 200r2.  Sn tf dn1 Gf(d t blbl5 th trrt ln h hh l   rt thl pr(t-f-td blltn (rt-fpr5d r5 prt thtrr tlddnn th ll dtrrt tthl pfn  rl tt  n t  WntI [] th dft nb  n d l thdtrn 1 Gf th dft nb/z blAll lnr   th  Int  G prr d 1G r r pt l bth trrt d llln h l pr ftl thln tth f thndd-n n btn  f nrtrrt d ll thl n lthdtrn  fl tfthnd bl tf hdr n (t tt t ntlln   f hrAlth  hn f  pfn ( h th f thl pltn r l pf ll  thd 3l r b   [15] prt rtf lnrth3 ltltn d 1 Mf bltht rpph td ntln lnrnttnSlGntd    [] prt ln rtf t n d fl 1 bl ld nrtd th frpdbddth nrntl  lrth thr lnld bl tth  fl336. Sn lt t prtthrt r rvln  Wdl rpt t  Stn 1 d prt ln rtth  ltltr ththn  Wprt thddnn tStn  pr hd  Stn 3ld bntt Stn d frnttrf  Stn 5Stn prt ptvn  r  prpf ll d trrt6. Expt SWthph nrt thr rl-rld  ttbG [1EGEE[19] [] d Gr []G trp 1 t nnt thr t1bprlEGEE d Gr l d hl tttG t  nrrbddth d  ltrlbddth rAddnl t thnf  r rt  n t h tWn tI []t thth nb tdtd d-n d nt l bddthb th df  thdtnrl  thr Cprt tht t tv rdt  thdr th v pr prft pltnrph dt thd n t h hh nb  tdtd d-n (nd 5 n t Athdn ptlvrln rt  dn prthr dl dtn  h3All lnplthpfn  dtr1Gf thdftt ll d trrt nf trth t d fr prrpt Wthnfn th f t pfn  tht d  r pt(dlt h  r th nn prt  Stn 6.2. rfn: l Ad  Stn 3dd thpln nttthpfn fn b nth dn th pnt  thhht tr ttdtn v l thpfn f  ddnn thn prt thn t f thnb  dtnth hl thftrr1r d r3 prt th n f th GEGEEd Gr t rpt thdft pt rtf tht thflrvn Iltt d  Mtt thbt lntd ftthtn th tlplt thbddth  btllSp  n prthb  dn bld rth dnn tr d th  f ththr t vt tIltt Intdtprrth Ilttpln  th Iltt dnbf tdtpnt thnrd lddtrn rtthr thbtll  Mtt  thf tlthfdnn prd f thbt tdtprrpfn  rt  t35d tdtrt ll  rt  thbddth dtrn  tht thbtl tht l d n thl  thr thnr Art Mtt  ltph thfft thr thrrtth bd thf  ld th f nr t tdtdtrn tAppln-l ltt (A ll d trrt pfr b lt Mtt bh  t  fht ll  tdtprr ltplt thplt bddth  thrd thr pfn l lbth lp v dtn nAptthnvthn  dtrthfthr ddt r t dtn dn f pfn vt Spr hth-prn nrpfn  th th  hthrpr pfn  pl ddt tr thtrld th thnrr -prnEv th l n prd nd thfl d  thr  lrl f fr bnflWtt  plthpfn  ddnn thnv rt lprf thflt rn r thr-prn d ltdd h  bddth (d tlln bv brthrptht tltthddnn pfnSd tdd h ddt trpfllll   tthrpht thnd dft3Str  A- IMtt M  trrt11- 1 -15 9 b7 --  -  5-E  -Ut 3-t  -1-^ 5^ 1 15^ ^  ^ 3^ 35^ ^  ^ 5^ 55  (1 - ll&-- Str   A  --  IMtt M 6  trrt1 3 5 7 9 111 113 115 117 11 (1nrndn St h  ttthpfn ( t dnn t th l ddnn thnf  ld frtrtr6.    dtnth hl thftr f th Gt(Str thn fh thtr  73n prt  thpl f btrdr6.2.    dtnth hl thftr f th EGEEt37rE I--  llStr A IMtt"CS I pl-=( 5 M I^/A-- trrtd4WEE z0^ 5^ 1 15  ^  ^ 3^ 35^  ^  ^ 5^ 55    (r6.    dtnth hl thftr f th GrtWh tht  nd  r th ln t  hht tl tth GEGEE d Gr tpt th thbddth  thrl (thl b thrrt  1/ 1/1/ 1/1 1/3 th rlbddthr r5d r prt thttlthtr t9 thn ( ll  t5 d l n thr b f thGEGEEdGr t rpt th dft rlbddthWrrvnb34 ^ 4n r" 5 00 -rnt3 -51 2 5-<El  Mll1A ^ trrt1IMtt ^ Q Str0 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/1Clrtn r  MllEl A ^ El trrtIMtt ^ C3 Str             17                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1/ 1/ 1/^ 1/1^ 1/3Cl rtn rr6.4.   tfh thtr t9  thn f th G td thtth r rbddthl r b d thttlthtr f 5  thn tht r b d thttlthtr fthlt n Str thn fh   nd thtth rbddth r t1/3(n prt hf r6.   tfh thtr t59d l n f thEGEE td r rbddth395tEl  MllEl A ^ trrt53 IMtt ^ El Str- - -01/ 1/ 1/ 1/1Clrtn rr6.6.   tfh thtr t59d l n f thGr td r rbddth5- -3- 1- trrt  trrt d- A r-- A dK r 111r6.    dtnth hl thftr th t nt d th fr t rl  thrth fr t lbddth p lMt pttl  rvth thpfn  thpl ddt-trthn dr  ft th thpfn  h thn  thbddth  thrdr Addnl thpfn  thrphtdnn h dn drtl rthrp  ttt tthr tplt th bddthrthr    dnth l pfn n btn  l nrrbtbplpht ddtrn thnIn dnb  rttn th r rp  rvthfl rA d  Mtt f  tdtprr thrln t l bbtll  l tlIlttSddn tf tdtprr ll d trrt f ln tbpltth bddth fth vtthtplt tnnrph  hnt t t h thrbddth  tn nt b thnb  rl  dr7  thtdtprr thtrrt d A pr tht t thth fr trl  thr(d fr t l rlbddth An r7trrt pfn  bt th rl  thrApfn htldrrtdltrrt tplt llltrt p ll l brSr  r nnn bd fr thln rt In thrl Gr dlntnr pr tb-prn dthndn   nv rh pfll p  pln-l h   lltrrt dA llth th blp th ll d trrt nhhhd(d  thnt n A pfn ttdf rnrn rWn hth ll d trrt hh dntrprt(t tnflth  th trt dft(hh n ndn tpr-tpr ll d trrt rfnt  pltthth bddth llb thptnbnth rpltpth dft td t tdlnrd6. Ovhd trEfftA nd ptt dtn tddnn ln tthhd th ntrnl th thdf tr-b ltt ln tx lr( lrdtrn; lr d thnb  t l flth tr thl vth tr rt f ll  trrt  thprdljt thr dtrnptndth lrvntldddnnr th rn prn tr tthd Wtthv dltrf th tr ph ld   l l thttbWhdl v th tr n rt  thlvth fttt dt prrthn trf (l    hdf  prf th GWd    thdtrf th rnt lll pt dltth thv  trf dfb thprn dft h p dftl thph t7  -  C"   5  -3 75" 1 ll trrt ^ I ^ A ^ SMtt ^trr6.8.  Ovhd f  pr  thG  tflrvnn bdb  r(d n bnth ltlvn rv tr ptIl lndnndl d th t  t  t trfSdlltrrt d A rrtlhh nrft tht ndthdl  thrt  nprrn thh th p ltlndn tthn ln  thph nrtIn nddltrfll  thl bddth nr b ll  prrrtn tht  bl ll nd thld dn  d thnd ndd thrv ntt l n  thprdrrtnth ndntrf hdtrrt n htll hd n pl trrtn(bp trrt tht  bl llllA tr trndlhd  thtr nrtn rht f hh-bddth dnn d n nln  thphtnl rvn pllltl pln l thndthhd th thz tht r pl f thEEGE tth r   dltrf  b (f trrtd (f ptr  t55(f Ad 7 (f ptr f thGtSr  Appln-l ddnn lnnt hd(thn trf v  tfr t lr th th n btIl lnrn  th pln-l thnbthr dnndn pln l trrh th  ntlnCtltrf t dn t nrphd th bl dtrltlt th ph l  nt ltlt thr thrthr dftnrph6.4.  lAnh tr ttthpfn  ddnn h  ld b th d tthv dprd (bh rv d nt d-n Obvl nrl thn(IlttS ltlttth dlpt rt pntdthnr ll fl ld bUnth  d-nll tlrvnd nnt  dAt thh d  thtrnddthr ddt nntndtlfr th ll f thr ld b  th ld  dtlprtntthnb  dtn13         llx A+ trrt 11     ^  ^  ^  ^bld ^ 1n(n rd bldr6.   bnf Atrrt d lld rd  drnd thr ld (G  tr9 prtthld bnpfn  thrnthn Atrrtd ll f thG t r thh tthrd ththn t  ld b dn th  dn prt thrthA h thr ld b ththr ln  tdt thld  thn th pl-lbddthOf thrnttrrtfhtlbt ld bnth ll d tt-f-t thpll tlrd ddnn ftSr  Appln-l lnf bt ld b th thnvln ndthdthr pnfr th t dtnAddnl trrt fthbt ld b pln-l ln6. ntCpfWhl thpln l pr  frndlnnntr hf db  dl pr  nth df  thrpt  thnrd  thtrfrn  th   thdnn h nl nb  nrfl t pprdl thnrt th hthptl ttlrbtll dntl pt thnrfln bh pln Wn  r rth ptd pllthfrn ddnn thnO tn  frn l bthft thlf t trffn-ltldtntrf th nlpt frndnEv f Ilttth frnh bn d f n[]th l nn nn  ld bthrfrnb lttd t trfIn nth ltt trfltlbddth ln ppblr pl  d  thdl ph llltt n tdvrbddth th nntn   rv ltlrv On thhd h   rnltth ltt n ld n bvrbddth th dl nntn  d n tpnntnth ptn  thph th thltt nfft ddnn lnth r thpln-l dhdft pt  trfr pl  d  thtrltltt hth tdrn pl tnrrtll bl  pt tIlttAt thh d  thtrlnth tdtrn tr f  ptnhthhht pt  trfr  pl[]th nd thft n l bl (n lthnb  ptnd nd blt thptnAft rvthf blfr th n n- 1  pnd ndthblth ptn  ln t nb  (n- 1n -   nltld  rlfr ttrf thpblt  trttthpt  trf  lrdtrnhh thnb  flddnn hp ph l thhh pt  trf pt  n-nll r1prtth  lrdtrn f thC tIn ftth x  lrn bll d trrt n btlhh;  hh  7 thG t  r11   plth  t tr  btllth l h ll  trrt n r l bddth  drtlrA tdtrrthl nd thn th hh  lbddthn thn f thndr n  thbddth t trSl ththn  ndthffr th t dtn thrddt n thr  t  frnttrf n thn r th l th  prtn th thnb dtn  n br pt t  In ftthnnrprn tht thprlrd bthl frnv bvth prtfrntr rntr tnSr  WhIltt fl frn pln-l lnhhhpt  trfOvl trrt d ll fr th An rA tr nrtn fthn th hh bddth ldtrnntnnd thnr6..  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