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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Lacome: a cross-platform multi-user collaboration system for a shared large display Liu, Zhangbo 2007-12-31

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rdrCfn    ^  3  St Ol ^  3 trCpt  ^  313 Clnt Strt tCpt  ^  31 Crth fft C S d Sflt ShInl St d Md Wd ^  3 A Cr v Sh Wd  ^  Crv  Sh Wd  ^  5 SllSh Wd ^  t Wd ^  7 WdInn  ^  ExpdWd In ^  9 Ctrl M ^  51 Clnt  ^  5511 Sv Cntn Cpt  ^  51v Ctr Cpt  ^  5713 blh Ctr Cpt  ^  571Cfn th St Adntr  ^  55 t Arr  ^  5 A t hdrnfn f   ^  5 tStrt Mntn  tCpt  ^  1 St  Wh Grp Ur ^  75vAnlntI d ltpr dpt t pv KlSh f h ppt d tt ld hprtvnd   rrhh  hp  tlh nftp l I d ltth nd rd rntnf fntlprvbltd tn  thI    t l n n l f hndlppt  hdthprtI d ltl  fl td frndf thr p-pt d fdb  rr d n hbn ldth-t thhp fr M n Ch nY  Mn Gn Gth Shrnn ClCh d Shn b n l th  t ff thr dlpptd ndn lrr rt  th th ppt bUnt h Cb d btht Sd EnnrCnl  Cd thGrt prr d thStrtrGrtprr  t  C thtrfEfftCln nthr Advd v1Cht 1IntrtnIn thlt d pn hv fr pptdl rtpptllrf p pplSl Grpr(S[53]  d th pptlt-l rth  dplnb  S t[ 7 1 3 395 ] th hbn d  Mtl Envnt(M  thh hdtrltld   d lt A l dpld d r tttrp [1 3 5O prtbrb tht dnh df "r C1MtEnvnt" ftr th pptltltplf-lllrth  dpl Unn ftn   fl d lt pln ndbplth t dplUrn  ltltt th th dpl d thftn th   dt ttnth d pln nd h    n  S d M h pr dpl th ntnl  th ftnb  ltlndfr dftCht  Intrtn ^ d  th dpl d  lttt th th th dpl  th h  pn dplrnd  th t d thtn f r prt prpl th  fl thrt r r d r thrt  thth1 Mntn f th prt fr thflA p  -rrtrf l rh prtAnnnttvprtn nnnt h  h lt tthprt v v bl th hn thftn thprt nttWh lpnprt th r llvt thltlpnnt tprt d  th thv bl b pplltvfrnth t rtnnt  t pll thlthdft nfnd thnn fr th thprt ftthfn th   tlvth prl bprbtllvntA nd    ttrd fldl r tfd rr In r l hthr ll-z ldpl rf (1ft db9 ft hh th  I  C-pn (  [] llf lln-rrr ntftrtlt f  tfllthCht  Intrtn ^ 3n p  thtppt r rrWth f nb  lrnth th lpptdd OpG[5] prr pln nh dtrthrdt tltlrdnn-OpGprrnn r  th M r trr prtd d n blt  OpG  ndftrtbr thp b thftrvnt  thpfhdrfllt d r n prt- ftrWt thprlbbldftr th ln-OpGplntbn  thl dpl v thd l tnthplnrd  dtl thnrnt th nfn n thlrn td Mtt pntthnhbn trtttnt  Applh[3]Mrt Sf [d v n thn  dbn [] d Iz [31]t ntdplhd thptl  th  dttd ttn fr thn plStth p-pt n ltt d lt ltpntll brp d tllbdd  thnt nn  p-n  tnvtn npnt tn ltpnt ll b ptt trvWh blt- ltpnt ppt h thptl tprtrtn fr nvtn npnt tnt-nn ltplfCht  Intrtn ^ In dnr rr p h bn dnrr prt v- dtn h- ttn d  ppt -r l dpl vnt O pp bldftr  pt ttrr l d pn tbld frf fth rr tr n pln C [] n b tdpl  pltn rn pn  d tl thn  thndpn  ntr thp tthpln  thf pnO r C   bldbl b btlltdC tltld ltllt pdn npt   h bn  fr thIntrbl b [39]Intr bl  b  thtff ( pr [] h  d  C-b pln[]It pptltrr ttn   pltn nd d thWdWht   th pnfr thIntr bl dthdnt b trd trv  drb d prtft Intr bl lpptWd  p-ptl thr rf pn  Intr bl rr thln  dd Crv   ;  thh hdrr ntthC rvAndd C rv n bdd tnnt tCht  Intrtn ^ 5 Intr bl h lntr lWd nln t pll th drthrn  thnd th nl GUI nd n;  h ltln-tr ltbt ppt dft d  ttn th dpl1 GdplIn d tr r  htd lt  dn prpl th  thrt r rrM l Wtrtnttd dl  lll  pbl th  td  ddh  nntth  n bftM l Alth  rllt bp-t ttn th pt hdrd ftrnfndn nt  tb  ltt Ind nt  tbn pp th n bldpl  nttWh pblplfpr t thvt  rv dld bptlth th n  thnt d pt lht-htd t-fr tnln prll  nvtn llthvv btht[3 dn td t  "t" n h t-lt lf t Ind lv tththlv tdthr llrth It  lth Cht  Intrtn ^  h-h n  ll  h- ttnll r lt lln th thWprthh- ttn  d tfnl-b h-th ttn1 Ctrn dnd plt hdthflntrbn r p tht  ttn  v  ntn dtndnt t  th dpl (v r dn d pln ttnthr thC rv Indn tht   pnt h nn  thdpl th  n nd  thd  Ann  d Alth th An-n  d n n  tr dn f thl l ttSd p th blh  d  vfn nt n h bh phltlblhd n t blh  nntnf h C rvth nh nt d d pl  ntr pth tth  bh thrv dd thnt dtprfllfrf  th pr  -tth bld dd plft  Cd  E  b n l trt  nrnthttn thn  thnd n t trpld trt lt ttnf nth dplCht  Intrtn ^ 71 Ovv thrn th th  n  fl Cht prtr r It drttn tththnth   dth Cht 3 prtth t  fr  dn pt tl th tfdn   Cht  Cht 5 d pltndld pn  h dr rInfl tnth p  nndrn fr thrtd frd  Cht Cht l Wrn t th thd d l thltt t  dn f n t Wh llth ll -l th  fd th nd  lt  ltln th dn tfr rrt f llnh bn dd th nttd nr thnd tdn n pf tppt lt -l lltAnh br  thpn  n t thz thhdrl  f hdhd dptld  thdb  n n  t A drb hdhd d  th th t l tbl-nAlth thz hdhd d  ntlb ll nt br rntl rftn tbdpl  thprlrn thrz thrnnhdhd d  ttbrIn th t  Sl Grprd Mtl Envnt  ll   v thnth rl t  ltrr nd nt d nrCht 2l W ^ 9b p rtn1 Sl GrprtSl Grpr(S bStt  1999 [53]vthht dnt d rr  S nbtr trl19  r  t thr C  t  f rrrft[5Wh ndd th th pptltlf -l lln th  rn f ltltrS t thrrtS  d f pptllrb ppl-l th  h [53]A S  vv l dpl  h l l-l A S  n b  njn th h pnd   d lt[3 5 A[3dn d  f dplpn ftn f  dvl Elpl  S th th t nfnthC  t br  d thCt dn bUnt rtth d[3d thbblprt dbCn Ml Untth  A[3A S n l n dpl f thtth-t h pn dpl lth thdh d bMbhEltr  b(MEStrtln  pltn  S   th  dpl tppt lt -l llnWn d-Cht 2l W ^  S fr v ptrdtv tr  ftthdpll M ft d l S tt t-  dpld pl pl prdpl In thdpl dl rn th ndpl hdpl d vvIn thpl pl prdpldh pl dpl th thftn lltl  Mndl hthr n prdplthntn n-pl ftndft dtt dft rrt  dpl d  ll  pttvv  p dnttnd tl  dfrt  ll dplpl pl prd pltl -r  h ptthdp  h ll dprtn thln d S  ft  d thS tt ptntdpld lttdpl ntdpl  thrr  frt prt nn  th dpllttdpl l r ltlprt fl dpltfl   dplth t nhh rnlph zdplr rtt  tht dplthn  bh dpl zd rn rh th thth l thdpl z vt d dvt  bh tptStdplp tpltb hl rn d rl z Mttdplf ndfrn d t z thdplb t pvd Cht 2l W ^ 11nn Wrvth lr dpl tbthtrd  rtdnt f SA bSnh d Sd th " dpl -rtn z  b dft" [55]rr dpllttd nnrnd  ll  t-  rl ltnbr[]n  ndt r pt[5 57] tplthft dpl z pfn  rdr t vv ttlntn t vv  d ph trn t -vvtt3vtl vntd fnd th phlldplprpfn  l t  pr thb l dpl[]Wvn th th thprtd fl dplllbrfdl lttdpl llbrpOrntnA S h t ntn On vthtth dpl  thllh  hth pth dpl  tlll-t dpl rrr pll   prtn-b dpl d  fldplvthll-t dpl nldprlth thtl dpl ffh  th ntn  thdpl jt[3Wh vt dpl l jt rht ntnb dplth jt thtl dplnn tfl b l nd thtl th  th n lthjt rd ntnh St SS t nt hCht 2l W ^ 1np pl  t ntdpldh []d Mrt Sf [dh tld bME  ltt-d-t rn f pptl p llndh l tfr tl-tlt pnt p  l t tlhdrnprtth hpl th[5159] thdh bld dh SAlth  h ln   tdfttb tht pntfr th d ln  thnb     prr Mrt Sf [  tt  Mrt ntnn pn r thn[1 ] hbnd thpt fdthSf dnt rdpr t nt v dft thn thvp nn dh d SrtSn [] nd-tp d thdpl p tdt ltlpnt rptx [] r frtr t tn rltn (Ith-n fr tthbtr   f frprtnMrt Sf plrttd-nth thtltrn hdd ph jt Shtthlt thn t f ltt nn dn lbd r th lfr nntdt lttp [31]tn St pd thhdr thdpl d thrrtthprtn  S n bfrt  rr-prt f ll-t dpl t  bt-prt f tlCht 2l W ^ 13t dplA fl p dpl dn nd prtnSMAd [1 dn bSMA nh nb  dft v-th n b  frt  rr prtn dpl ll  flt nttl  ll dplttfvt  rrnt Ondvt nprtn-b dpl th th t  frt-prt dpl   th  bll b  thdplh  thftn n  rtn  thdplA bt-prt dpl fffr thb ptth rd thtl  prtd rr t rrtd  t dlf td pd th ptllpttht l  [5A rr-prtdpl nth  ftn n pttht l  h rr d h t bnrn f lr rr rth bdft tlrdtnWthdn th bl1d fl  t S  plWvbrf dtnf th th  h trbIntr bl [39] pr b  tl th   d 3prtn th  b thrfrbf ( pr []It pptltrrttn   pln nd d Wd pr  Ch ll b  l  th trthdnt  th  b fr thpnCht 2l  W^ 1th th-3Intr blWtrd tlv rprl h p ll bd  rdl  ltSrtSn  [] dn bt n-rbnnthn dtppt ltpnt  -pSl rptx []ld bn b  rlr thn hd [] pptfr hd ltfrpth  thr f  brnth ltlp dn dth h p fr h rWl d  Unt Mn[hSlll Wl d  t Unt[]d thInttWl d  Stfd Unt[] t ll dpl blt b rr l hvl z d rnCvtn S   thC [5 d thCtb [3rblt th pl dpl d nb  pn d-pl Eh ptt lt h/h p d tth dplb nlt lt p ppt -h bn lv  rrt  h l pn dpld th dpl tr tttrp d  thnt nMtl EnvntA  thprr nS n pl tllth h pn dpl  t Cht 2l W ^ 15th tfMtl Envntt  ll M-tll Grpr(M[15]A  tt  th th th l n  b dpl d v lpn dpl Ant Sf[][3 [5d AS [1 jt f pl  Mtl Envnt -bl thd ltpl  thv tAnt Sfd btfr SCpS bd St fr KUnt[] ltthlt d ftn thr ptltl d ll dpl d h ph jt  vt dt fdIt  thn ll  hdrn  pptbrb jt rnn th ltdr -ftn bd thrn bndttr th rn [5  Mtl Envnt d bStrtz  thGn tn  Ct f Inftn n(GM d thIntr bln d Inftn St In(II  bdft t  dpltffntfv "r t tttrll (nl  tttl(Intblt t  -hd r(Chr d t "br f th  trftfnflthr vn  frp jtppt  v npt ll   th ll dt lph -jtth thr ht ttthOth th rb -Cht 2l W ^ 1jt rnn l thAnt Sfd thpltn    thht  ph jtf ttn d -ntrl  blt  th  dtnAS   tff pln rn  Mtl Envrntd bl d  fr thUnt Ill[1AS pr dt nn tfth l  tvlrpln  ttrptf   p  thtl tpf-pln rnAS l thGddlfr[] thdlpln nh tr ln th  th  brnth   d tppt pln nd bhn   Stfd Unt -h Mtl EnvntWh ph th"rth tr fth fn thf td th l dpl r l-t dd lbpln trn [3hn pr tvjtb dpl UnthOS d-dlfr[] lthdd  thplntb  tp ndtthr  Evtpltnn bln  h  thpln nd drd tdpl thtt  [33] thdlpr-tpr pnt d rd p rtn  lt ltvnt th ll bd lIn thnt t n  d thnth  tSCht 2l W ^ d Mtl Envnt MtCr Wd Mnt d Inp dtnWth brfl h  thf n  th t3 MtCr Wd MtMtrr ppt  nrd ptt f bh S d Mtl Envnt b th bh ppt lt llnth h l  dpl th lnrrt ltllnIt  n t  h p  pt-trth   dpl th h n  nd  pntd Onn  dtrlth thtb th h ttpr p tn pll pttrnth lplnth bdlt nf f nr rrhd nb  thntppt l-tlrr[333 3959]ltrr pptthnhv lnd drbIn thIntr bl  t  [39]th dpl n hltlrd nddltlrr b b th lpptWd lrr n ntr d nd  v ttt  ll"rtrt bth tnr-r ntr p  [33]  thSt [59]Mv l-tlnnt tth dpl ltl tt ll "- thrr vtfr l dCht 2l W ^ 1In rdbWl []l nb  vtl rrtth nrrAdtthth pn  lltf th bh l thrndhIn  trtlv rn th nrnltlrr  h   rnt dt rv d dn dl th  p Crtl n  b th  trt td d n blptth plf  plfAndt  pln nd n b  r n n pp th pptplf flr " l prpl  dn pfdn th  plfAdtth nfn r tt  (Wd M OSn thdlt ttlpptnArt rr n lntr nd  t  rtrtthnb  rrth n ltntr rtn n pln ndtd bbrppt  -trt nd lltltllth tht bntf th bhAt tht  thlthn th pptrl ltlt rr thMtt Sv (M[]M  prnd th npptSWh rn SM lltlrrttt th npln lt ft n ppt  h ltrr  fM dtldthnd Athf ndCht 2l W ^ 19pptrl ltl rr M  l d td-nt th rft bnd []rrt l  Md h ndth ppt ltlrr th thft n nppt  th thhdr thplnlCrtlhdlnd plndn th l-tl nd   plM dtl thplntht ll bb d prt d tthdnntr bthld  rln  rr t Wnd Mtbptl t  r    th  dptllppt ltrr nn  nnd dth h M lWll d th pblt  thftInp dtnInp dtn  l   nt tl ttt thntt  r ntlpptth n  C []Intr bl [39]WC[5v [19]tt [33]bbl [3AS [1d Srdfh []C  p ftrf rntr h  ll d thnt nIntr bl   td C nt tndthp rtn ftn t  WCnr blth th pprr ll tth hdl p rtnvtt d Srdfh l l lt tr thrn thn tr b rCht 2l W ^ rnth jt  thltbbl lnb  tntr ltlpnt rdpl v A pASl  p th th h ntlhthp rtn tIn r p rtn  l tthth plt  Intr blj df  th plt ltlntrld d  nntrldll h  tl th ntrldll b l tWtrt thl lt f ltlrnd pt tn d prthptbrrrr thddt  thr ttt th thntt  thplnrn thnd In dn prlt ltpntppt l tbblpt th r pntntrl bd  bAth  hthptl ttd th tp-pt h tn p d   Ad l pntthtt tthrrt 5 Oth nWbrflthr thnth r tthd-nt  th prt d h fthb f r rCht 2l W ^ Crtl trCp(C[]  ftrp th ltvd fltt th r (thC rvlprr (thC vrrn h h thIntn [9] C rv n dlp fr hC vrf rd thC vr n dltp tCrvf fnCrtlthv pltn C   C [9]tC [1U1tr [13] d OS [ l pltb  thrfrbf ( pr [] d hnrlth ftAlth C ld f rntr  n bpld t-l lln []W  thpr tbld r  W thtCrv f r l prttvv [19] bh  llb dft - d ltltplfvnt tltrn v pr l lt f ltlrn vtl rp Mthrr t  rn ll l thrrt tthjt rn  th rn  ll v n bbth n tlnthr ltld ltlplf bltltll h d bjt tthnrnt th  /rn Cht 2l W ^ pd bh vthr rr tthrn llht th rn dtWCWC  ttn thn d bn   [5th ltrlbrnd rn th  dft pEh WC  "l v rn   nd th h n ttWCpptrlbrnd rntddt nd Mn  thWC  ndll bntld  thrl ndp r-tn lttt th thntt  thrlWC nd d hthp rt tth ndpp WC trftl rn SrIn th t  hrd n npt Sl Grp-rd Mtl Envnt ll   t  W hd dlthnth hbn pld th All  thpt r dn d pltn  h df "r C1MtEnvnt"Sttthnt t thdn  th td th tf In dn prlt pltndl d   tht h fr r rCht 2l W ^ St lMlnS/Orntnh/M ttnStdh[]Sh3x/(3rtY/pMrtSf [Sh17553(xrtY/5ttIntrbl [39]Shrtp&ttSrtSn [] Sh  x 9(335rtY/1pSMAd [1Sh11171x1/(x5r/rtY/1 trptx []Sh51x191(193r/rtY/C [5 b&rtY/1Ct[3brtrWl [ Sh 31x(79rtInttWl []Sh91x1/(7rtY/1Sll-l Wl []Shx35/(9rtbl1Expl  p S IltnCht 2l W ^ 24St l p t S Obj SnnAntpdAntSfWl lblpdrn []YCbnlCrhrIntblAC[5 YWt ttnAS CpAWl l G[] CpAblWl lOS []h-bbl Mtl EnvntIltnCht 3St ArtIn th t  d  fr  dn ptWf v tl thfl btht dn bh thrv d nt t Aft th   th ntr p hrp tth3 St OlIn    nt/rv ttdn d plt th n rv d  brnb  tt  nt ntl dtlth thrvthrv d  ndtbdrn  thl dpl d htdr3 ltr thnfn f t   ndt nntn b nt All n thr thrvrr dn   ll f t h pln bt blh  rtth  rpfht  th dpl v C rv rn thblh   ltlb b  C rv ll btrCht  St Art ^ r lblhClntvblh.vr3A p rdrCfn  nd   nt th  ll  blht v  rtth frddrd ttthrpttt th thrpt M  rt d h  vt  n dv nd nn t   v r d dntthnd th dpl  thdlt d  v  f tlt Ctrl  rt d h  vntr  blh  rpv th blh  C rvAllp tn fr th v  rt tth blh th rvr l  tht Ann  tr t d h  v     "dr  " dtn "d ftn  th dplO rrtSvCht  St Art ^  Svblh blhr3 St Olpltn dn plt th d b prtn dblh  d  v  n tll Onnt nb blh  v  bh  th t  ltr r3r3 rdl v th t WhCht  St Art ^ 28th rvththr t trCpt  dlth l n b th rv d thnt A nntn n  d tn-l nt nntn Eh nntn   th ptnt d thtCpt tCpt   thrt  thrvOn thhd rv  br b tht h t It ntltrttfr thtrCpt d prthM ndftn tth ndCpt   thprrtdn bdpl tth tnh ftn tnd  thj t  th prt ndCpt   rpblf drhpr On thnt d tht tth rrpd tthblh  d  v  rbh tr  A nt dnnd thbh t Eh n bl d dl  ddh pr rflt j t  dflClnt tSv:  dfl  blh  nt f thrv ttlh  C n d   ndfrdtthrv tdthdpl   d  pln ndSl v  nt nddd ttthrv tdrr ftn  z pn  lSv tClnt:  thrv  rpblf tlhnn-tnd dnntfr nt C n Sv  rtCht  St Art ^ th v  ptth  blh   th v   Ctrl  d3 Sv Art rv ntnththr ttr  Stn 3In th n     thtrCpttrCpt  rpblf l nntnd dtrnb thrv d thnt Wh th rv trn nntn n  lnntn n n- nt n d  blh  nnt n ft thrd th d ptn nt nntnWh n nntn h bn tlhn thrd  n d tth nntnn thrd trtdfr thntnntn d frdthdtth tCpt td bh  blh n nntrl  tlh thrd thpvlttC rfr tn  blh  Mvnt rt  blh  rth tnnt tth blh  blh  n ll th ttlh Cnntn tthdn Wh  blh  nntn  tlhth rv tC nt tthC rv l  th blh S tthnt nntn d thrd   th  tCht  St Art ^ 3blh  nntn thdlt   rdfrdfr thblh  d rtp ttth blh A dl h thtrCpt  ltr  r3nntn n   rpblf tnth  nntn d dnnttWhrd thpr [] f trtfrdd -p t  r   lth l dd C rv pltn  thdd C rv   tCC n b ttlh  blh  d nnt tth rv tht tCpt tCpt  n thrrt    ntftn t  v  d  blh  rt nt n  r3A nt n b th    vd  brnb   blh  In r th v  btlth thnt  lb th blht  fr th thl  h A  blhh  n th nt  th  blh   rt bthntA nt th  n  th  v    blh   ll EtClnt dltnt  pt thnt  ld f nnt tth rvAn ptnt ntnbftn   I n At bn n-ptClnt  nt th h blhMblhCntnblhCntnblhCntnCht  St Art ^ 31CntnCntn Mr3trCptl  v    blh r n-ptnt vt d blhll hrrpdnntn  thtrCptA dn  dn d plt t tr l thd thtCptAll dpt   djtd thdn n th tv l t rpl thdn lt  rtth blh thhbn d th   v f thOpGthrd tr-d th prrt n d thOpGthrd ll bd  Cht d Stn 3 rptd nt n bp tthr tCht  St Art ^ 3r3Clnt Strt tCptnt ftn    nt I n thrlt  I ntr d(d  Stn 3 lt rtth blh rt bv d   ftn   thd thrr d thbt   thrdbh nd f n-ltlndd rtp t It  ntnr tth blh  nd th  d ntrd thzdl  thrrblh d   thd thpt r  thndthrn pn  thnd  th dplbdr tn  ll  tntrld r tfrbfCht  St Art ^ 33ndCpttndCpt r th th OpGhthrdIt hdl thrdt th thhp  dd v thb []h pr ll d vd pr  vtWd th  rdl  Cht 3 Clnt Artnt/rv b pptltnt llnr-ttlf nnt  ltr  r3Wh th lntth ltlnd f rt v thltplntrnththttn b rl ththnnt  r dn d pltn pttvA  nt n h   v  v   rp-blf trtthnt rr d rd ttthrv tppt thnt rr  thrv v  b tntWh thnt dnnt th v    dtdnntblhA blh   th dd C rv th  dpln nd pt  d  pln nd th thrvCht  St Art ^ 3All  blh    thr C rvn rn th   nthl nntn th thnt thtr th tthrvb thnt dn ntr thr rrOn nnt t rv blh  ndfr tth rv d pt rt p Wh  blh tr tth rv b ntth nt th"n"  th blh Art  nt dnntl  blh th hbn brt tth rv bth nt dnnt3 ACtr lAntn  Stn 3 thltlntnnt -ltl thv ttnth dn t  nntSn 1 A d  rnth   thr lt vt t pl rv  blh th A d ndtt tth blh    Ctrl  dtntr th d pln ndS   pn rrtldn f n thrt ll bprtl bh A d trtntr thpln  th t dn tpt tlvth prl b dprft th f-  f d  ntr trCht  St Art ^ 35vtt llnSn S rnltl thl dplUr A n-nth lt   v  v h  nt  thth d dd C rv   blh Urnntth h  v nttntr A d A  v   ntrlb dUr t fdth bntrlA d h dtlntrlthd th rrtld A ntrMvA l ntr  bh h nd d thh ntrl   nth n A pp  nd tdn r pf  ntr t th rtprld  ththj ntr prl r In d ttthprl rlr  d   th thflpr-MInttnll tnd ntlndrtthdl ntrIn r nthr-drth  bvpr bt n  ntr d ntIn th M  d  vt n frln thnd bth blhv r d th  th dtr th Onl  v  t Ctrl  dd th thpln rn th blh  In  Ctrldthrr  rtrt t th thnd   ntrlIn  Ann  dth v   ltdnn  thCht  St Art ^ 3dpl th th nnd  rltlnd vt  th thr-drtll bd  dl  Ch-t OnO InttnWr   blh  thpnttth v  h ntrAt v t blh  nbntrl b   v Oth  v nn  pd  blh  t thntrl v  rh ntrlACtrA fll nt dpr thdlthlbrt bthttn  nnt-ltlr tprt pt t b r tnl nt thltlr  th t Wh nt rd blh  d d  pln ndthv dft tntlvthprl th rr  Sn r  v  d  blh  tbtll ntWh th rd t blh   ntth llfb th v   th nt tbtn d vv prtthprl fr hp r nt h  t blh   v  fr h trntt  tth blh th llnd tthnt tf rpIf thntpr ll v  v nt th ndtrthntrl v  t b n rln  v ntr    lIn th n  hdCht  St Art ^ 37th rtd r  ntr p In Cht  llthtfd th  p rttn3 SrIn th t hd th t Whnthr bh thrv dd thnt d  ll  thdn  th ntrWh n npt  th tt nd thnt t  ll tn tthdn  thtf h  h ptt t  th3Cht IntfIntfdn  nd th ptt pt  Ext-nd dn tppt n d th nlf lt -l llnMt nrrt l-ln  r   In th t  trthtfdn  Wf lt  dn rrtth  t f thWth dthltrr nd n  dnfl bdtn  thnt tfdn1  td thprpl t fth  Cht 1 t thflrrtdthdn prtr r W th rrtttt thpr blt  ld bplf It ld ppt l -rMrt Wd ApplMOSd n An ld bltnnt h/h n lt ttht l t r Urld bltjnlvCht 4Intf ^ 39 rjn  n ttht drtn  ld pr n l thb nd n-t ft th t nd  pr  v- r nd dnnnd Mvthft ld btt f thtrn lrnd rbtht phvnt rd  f-t All ld bltvltthr rr thl dpl ld  bltthz d l  thr rr Ml tf b ltlld bn bh th dndl rd  th ll  ntr d t bth ld b t-dd th nbldltt thtrtn fr ntpt MtCr Wd M Mnrndlppt n d thr ndnppt lnrr h rr th prltrr nd n[333959]Unft nn dtlt thprj lthth lppt n  [333959]d thrrfr nt  l tft th lCht 4Intf ^ ptl Mvthh drb   lndf  ntr [39]l nb  rr[39]d dltf b   nd  h ndd  thpnrt bh rr  tl thfttndn  dnWh rpt trthr-d ntr rt  dth n tthr ptIn thf pt  dthn ft  d f thn  th M  dCr Ctn dSl d InnIn thnd pt -trrft  hd f th dth Ctrl  d At lt ltrth Ann  dh hn t plt  thrrt v  vpln ft f th  lM Mft  dhn nEh  th hbn plnt   n nd vtr l  thf ltrr nd  th h  l thft thWhrntbvth th ld l-t th ltrr nd Wth bd pln r dn rnf Cr CtnCr n  ptt  ltrr nd Indl nd tvldfttthrrrfr h  rr fft  hdftCht 4Intf ^ prf thr rr Wlrr n  thr tr lzd  r1 pt z d lf thdlt r- rr Wh  tth v  r1Crth fft C S d Sflt Shh/h nt  th rv ll tl l th/h rr  th l dpll  thrrld b n  thnt   ttthrrh thrnWh th dnntfr thth rv ll "rl thl th th  th n brn f h nUrn  thzthr rr dd thr th nth  d Stn 3Wd Inlnl   l  ndprd tthd  thnt  n nd tth pnt  th l dplIt  tf l v f thht   nd dll thdth b  thtl pt r th ndpr bth blh dth  thnd ll brl thpt r f th nd  d  th blh InCht 4Intf ^ r Inl St d Md Wdr thnd  thddl thrn   thl lnth thl dlt htnd  thrht h thl zb h bn v fr l lnt ndhth htnd  thrht h br dth th ththddlb pt r  br 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rv t prrf pd vtt prIf th rv  trt t bprlthl pd thtn dbth  ntblh lthr thth rvIf th rv  ntrt  prl h  d nnt t blh  tht hth blh  pdlnt t   tdr  Cht  Iltn ^ n ppt bthrrt t h h th rv thntr ntr pnt f n th l  blhtCpttCpt  ppt fl  ntth  v  dblh  t  ll   blh th dn r rn nttCpt  dn tndfntlfr nb  pttCpt tr th  nt d th ftn lltthh t prd thlt   nt nntn  Ad  Stn 3 nt b th  v  d  brnb   blhEh h nntn tth rvnntnrd thtCptEv blh  d  v   h rnnt  n ll  rrpdnn-tn  thtrCpt blh d  v nnt trnrv ll bdnnt  thr n nt dnnt tCpt t thdnntn  dtth  vt    blh  nlr h  nt th  tnntnr5 ltr thrn b dt thtC-pt nt  v d  blh tn  thrt Eh  v    blh   "n" bnttth blh  dn htb th th n ntb  v  h tr th th n ntMntnnt f  dtr ndln rCht  Iltn ^ ClntSvSblhSr5tStrt Mntn  tCptIt    tplt tb  th dA  blh  bd ( nd  bd thntr  v  ( n d  h rrt ln d z Sl v  b  thr rrpdth    MCtrl   Annn  d If    M  Ctrl     th th blh    n ntr-lndCptndCpt  lht ht OpGb hlbrb [] tdr hprSpl  l Cht  Iltn ^  thvt d tr d  thlr lr d-dt  th   h lhlrd b   pltnEvh dr  thrn  pOpG Mt  thrd fr bppr bthpr l r ttpp rt trd    blh nd  th  dn vt hf rrd bd nd A dpl fn  plt tprtdr l thjt th dplndd rr thdft l ftthI r   bddOpGprrllthOpGfr thndC-pt r  th thrdvth n bd b th rrt pt  pltnr-dfn thd  nd pn rr l fr thtCpt d dplth  thOpGndnd  rrh tn frh r    thnt  ClntO   dnth nt tbld lht-htplfddt pln th n fn   thprd bd th rvWplt r  nt v rrt  dntnt 1l  tvd In pr tthrtd dn  thnt dWdf  rpltn dlCht  Iltn ^ flb-nMn CntnA  nt  f nnt tth rv  dbAft  nntnth nt n tvh ft btnntnf v  f  rblhblh  rnAd  Cht   nt n rt  brnb  blh th  rv nt   n-ntn ttl th rv thIdrd pt nb  Crv rn th blh   In dn th ntdn dtlnnt tth blh   thnrndprnhd rlIt  th  dn nd tl th nt  th  nt t  df th dpl  pll f  th n phlprtb l h ftn f v v    v  thpr tttth rvnt l  p t ft l tthnl pr d ndth tth rvWdth pltn dn b  nt tnthprnCht  Iltn ^ hd   pfnp rtnlftnth ndtrl fr   pr bthv htnd  thrr d th rpt tth rnb  thzd ln  thnd thv  ntrl5 Iltn pd Expn n  t f rrtd tdvtthpl-tn dl th  d   ldd thG d  fr f dtrnv d tthhlrth   hl f b []rdtftrl rntOth  n brlth  h hlr flt  r rrt  pltn  dfth ft b  All tn lr   dld btn  hhlddt f In r pltn  t tnlr nthb hlrd th  pr lbr Whtl bh  th tf r (f pl thdpl  thrd  thC nt dIn dn hdth  nll th h d-  pbl th fd  thlrll n ftthdb fft v th lrt n blth h d th r  In r thGlrCht  Iltn ^ 7 th nn rnthrt  It ddC  thlr r dnWhtrr dthvth  nn thlr thth  t n bltnf b tth rtrtn th thz(bh dthd ht thtt bp     p  h St OpGhrdpr rt tlvth prlIn r   d hrtn t r Glr   lvth lb xI2 tt ptttth zp  d  xSI2 tdthtt  v  vtn  xSl2  thrtrtn  thz thp d In d t thOpGnd drtl thllbrt ldl d   rn  n  d  thfr r In  OpGndthY   pntrd;  thC d ndthY   pntdnrd Wthrdtv r  pltnKpth thrd-f l thrt thdnt prdd ld bpd hh ttn  fth t Md ndn vbl d  r db vCht  Iltn ^ 71 nth  th ll ptll dn thprr d th pt thfn  thWrrtltn thn nb  t d ndn vbl r dbv r dntdnt ld  rth n  rthdnt  thnt rtrnt thv  p trt d hthrrWtprn rtn tthrp v v thfnnn bplt  plffhnMv d htl trp n rnth nt tppt trIn dnrht   trt nd  M n dtl Crtl r pltn thr-h bdtrrt thl  th v  rrMln bd btdthnb  b thbd vr bt trth th lldt-hl h n  t f th v  ttbdft d  dbtl h nfr p- pln ltlplf tndnWnft th  r    rth tld br  dl plfddt ftCht  Iltn ^ 75 SrIn fv th  pl ttr tprv C [9] tppt pln-l nd d llnrh th lfl d In th tthplhtn dl th  hbn dIn dn hlt  tth  bvllbhpf tll td tr r prt In thntt  ll tt r rl pn th p  Aftth  dr nnfr r rd d thfth t thrrt  73Cht St ExpnCn d tWIn Cht3d 5  d thdn d pltn  thrtd tf th In th t  d rpn th d dr  nnt thprtWth dv f fdnt1 St ExpnWhlr dn  r lth th-  (r1d v r ll tptthd Eht ppl(n ft thn f dtt l th  n  nrbrnd  th thr lt  thd tt d jnthdnr d ptttdnld d r r - nt fr thprt bp l  nt  t vd rr vntEnvnt(E[11] ln thptt vE  v d l r p- ltp/b/ Cht 6St Expn Cn d tW ^ 7tth E rdl d pnd ndftrnr  nt  thr  ntt h plfth r xt pr v d  blh d l r p-tttfrlrt th blh tth rv d -nthndth thr  v  rr  th rp thl dplAft brf trtn  th  dpln  thh-nfn pttrd ttrft th nt rltltltt ththndthl th rptht v tffr h ptt pttrtt  trntthr d  pln ndrd tl C rv  thr  Aft th th d  tn-d fr thr  tth rp h pttd th nthnd  t th Ctrl  dtntrth nd  Wpl th-l nprplth  ptt td t th pttth ld vbld thbjt d dn-nt h  v  fr thrv bthh ptt t  d tr d d brbrt bltlp rtnrtthpr pt ll   nr-ttnlthprntr  th ndltpd d brthlt  thnt tftldbrnb   blh d  3d d v/d dn  d tppt thCht 6St Expn Cn d tW ^ 75r1St  Wh Grp Urn In Stn 3  ll tt rft thCnSf  th th hd thdn d pltn th  h pptlt plfllnth  dpl d nb  pn  pptpt  ttn thr  ntf nd nt t  th dpl (v r Cht 6St Expn Cn d tW ^ 7dn d f pln ttnthr thC rv  tpr f  blh th ftn d  v- th  ftnA  nt n hth  bhd n tdn  blh  h C rvth n b nt Expl  ntr p bh thrv dthnt dprfllfrf  tbld dd plft  C d EInt-tn thn  thnd n rld trtlt ttnf nth dpl      bthIntr bl [39]pr b Cp th thr  hhv nb  hnt rl thr  lpptWd   plfSdl thr rr thln  dd C rv   ;   dd C rv ll rd nl dtn  nd b n thlthr  h lntrl d thnd nn t pll  drthrn  thnd  h ltlntr ltbtppt dft ntr dAn OpGb rv h bn d tlthltlndd nv ltlrr Wrrtlrthv  r d t n  d  ld bltth plf th f  ndn  pr plf lht-htt-fr nt f thd tlt -vv  llttn th th dplnt prCht 6St Expn Cn d tW ^ v -frndld ltfth  flfn d t Whdn  th fltdft rrtd nfnb  brd lr thr   S d Mtl Envnt thd thrtd tfdn  l tht th rv d nt d Wh  thplttn dl th Mv prthpnh dthdnt  th  d hth f h llElpn fr r dptth d thprf r  d   ttrfttfth dnt3 tW dnt  th  h d v p-blt rtn dtn In th n  tdth bvld bl  thnt ACtr SptIn rrt v   dn hfl pltn  th ntr d vth h rdbn t tndtn dthdn phd thfrh rdbn t thdb xt  tplt thd thfrh ndndn  thrrt Cht 6St Expn Cn d tW ^ 7Ctr  nt ShIn r th prnrnWh ptt h/h d  pln nd tth rphpttn l thftn  vt thpr lntt pt  thftn  thnd dhhr pl prt n nttprt thprtbt th/h t bt  h prt  ll thpl l n ntt h d tht lnt b n thdl dl plWCltr brr [17] d td trdtrbn [35] d tdrth  Wpl ttrWClth tlprntr  S WCl  Cb ftr  ld n bhd t thnMt - Cr Spt  SClntCrtl  ppt nt th  v  (rr th rp Mvlrr n t t nd v t nrn bthplfrtrtnAdStn 3M lltrr nn  ndrnd nIntrM t ll brrfl-d dttr vntS pttn th tth ntn th rp th thr n rr  t tth d nltlCht 6St Expn Cn d tW ^ 79ndhd vSptndhd dppt  thdtt  r  S pttn brlt th thb th hA  thr pt ppt hdhd d  nd td h v  r nt f thhdhd d r-t r  nt  t  v   d bfrlltnvt  tME vd d A SptAGr   l rrlt l-ftdpl prtn d ttvnt d tf  Grddld vln vnt[1]rrtppt p-tp ttnrthGrWtGr [1 thAGr f v nfd vtl  Crtlthnppt th v d d fdpr bthAGr  pl th  prtn prv bC ntOnpblnt   ttrtlv dd ppt  th  d ttr tthfv  thAGr Ann Mph  r rrt rh bn  th M  d  C-trl  d f  nt  M  dl  tnthrnt (lnz d n thCht 6St Expn Cn d tW ^ dpl jt(d pln nd Ctrl  dpr  tthpln"dnth" thdpl jtthr   blh  nt  Ann  dr l thdpl blftn ("nnth  thfl rn th dpl  t  dpl jt phth  dr tr  bh thdlnntt d thnnn b thAnnn thfl rn  llndznn dpl jt rtth jtd rd thjt  Whn t plt  Ann  db  dn rtthfrd th n  pt ttf th  r rr  v  d  Ann  dd rd ftn fr  v   thp f nlth dplb  th    rn drprr th ppt nn bltl npl  th rnfr b "   t" [] trrt drprrth -tn d  thnnth pl nrr ntr [3An thpr d bplt th th frSrIn th t hd thrl pnth th d drn r nnfr thrrt ph thprtWnd thdnt  th     Cht 6St Expn Cn d tW ^ thrr  ttp lln tl prft thfld tb th blh[1] AGr http //   rrv -1[ Applbrd Wt ^ http //pldnlddhbrd/ rrv -11-[3] Applh  http // plh  rrv -1[ Mrt Sf http // ^  t rf  rtrv --11[5] OpG  http //    rrv --[ OS http //r trrn  rrv  -  -1[7] rptx http //ppt    rrv  --11[ rWl ^ http //l rr/pll/pll ht rrv --1[9] C http // rlvn   rrv --1[1 Srt n SMA d http // tth rn//-US/tSMA+d rrv  -  - blh ^ [11] S MrtvntEnvnt http//j n  j  d  j  j rd j  rrv -117[1 tC http/thtvn/   rrv --1[13] U1tr http/trn   rrv --1[1 WtGr http //t  rrv -1[15] t Ar Advd Mtdpl Cfn d Cnt- Mt thlhUnt At [1 vnAndr  Wnd trSltn nf Mtt Sn  In  C 6: d thSIGC nf  n    p13-1 Y USAACM[17]  rr n rtrd KlShlb Ctr Sh Appln  In  UIS d  thth nlACM  Ur tfftrd thn  p -3 Y USAACM [1 b  l d n  ASAn Intff Appltn ln   InttSp In  GI 4: d GrhIntf2004 p  1-11  Sl  Cp SUnt WlWlOntC Cnn-Cp CnnSt[19] KlShn  Chd nd tAr "MhtM" Mtrn Cln In  UISblh ^ 2: d  thth nl ACM  Ur tfftrd thn  p 9- Y USAACM [] MCzn Gr btnn M Gr Sthnlbb d  nr l  Ovv In  C6: C 6 td rt n ft t  p -7 Y USAACM []  z d rr hdhA Mt hn In  UIS d  thth nl ACM p Ur tfftrd thn  p 9- Y USAACM [] Sl Grnbd lph hnGrpStA Mt St-p f Ghlr Sll Grp In  GrhIntf  p 7-5n1991[]  Grr Mrn St d rrWrdInttn th -rn Wl-zl In  UIS   ththnl ACM  Ur tfftrd thn  p -3 Y USAACM [] KInWl d d  SrdfhUr Wp  Mtdpl Envnt In  C 6: C6 td rt n ft   p17-1 Y USAACM blh^ [] ffn Yn Mtt Snr trt Intn fltnIn  UIS d  thth nlACM  Ur tfftrd thn  p 115-11 Y USAACM[] ffn YnMtt Inttn WlIn  SIGG 6:ACM SIGG 2006 Ernthn  pYUSAACM[] t ttMpx  http/ln/x/rrv --1[] t tt d  GrprSpt  thW-dStIn  AUIC  d  tht Atrn n-f  Ur tf  p 39-rlAtrA-trAtrn Cp St In[] I Cpn http/ - b rvdpvln/dt rrv--[3 Cld-v I d MrCrr-thGrhEd f Cl In  CSCW 6: d  th2006 20th nrnf  Cp ppt r  p 9- Y USAACM[31] Shr Iz Std Al tlAlb t d llxtShtIntr Opt Mtt Snrblh ^  rft l In  E  d  th200r  Erndplthn  p Y USAACM[3  hnArndxd rrWrInttWp tExpnth UbtCpIEEE rvCp  1(7-7 [33]  hnGr t rrWrd Mrn StttExpn th lInp dtn  InttWpIn  UIS2: d  thth nl ACM p Ur tfftrd thn  p 7- Y USAACM [3 l KrShlh Cpd St  Sttd Sl Grn-b lU Orntn  blCprCrdnn d CnnIn  GU d  th200tnn ACM SIGGUnf  Sptp rp 3-37 Y USAACM [35]  n rr d KlShWCl lbCtr  r Appln  CSCWd nff[3 M MtCtthCtCpt A CStth  Cp-ppt MtEnvnt In  CSCW8: d  th88 ACM nf  Cp-pptr  p 7- Y USA19ACMblh ^ [37] Mhl Mf d v lrhnAtn  Expdrt In  C 2: d  thSIGC nf  nft   p 57-Y USAACM [3  AMr rb Stld bt G Cln UnMtlACnt tIn  CSCW 8: d  th ACM nf  Cp ppt r  p5- Y USA199 ACM [39] K  Mh KhK d rr A -3Intr Envnt f CpWIn  S d  thACM  rtl rlftrd thn  p 1Y USAACM[]  Ad  ChInd l Sd ln Ir rfn  Inftn-rh rtlEnvnt In  GI 6: d  GrhIntf2006 p139-1rt Ont C C Cn InftnnSt[] AnnM pEn OrnMh nl Mrd rrWrSISA Cpbl Cp Gf S SllvntIn  CSCW 6: d  th2006 20thnrnf  Cp ppt r  p1-1 Y USAACM blh ^ [] Shr  nnt  hnEKd Arndxrt Extbd btn OSIn  OAI d  thr IEEE Intnn Cf  rvvCpd Cnn  p11WhUSAIEEE Cp St[] lr nbrhtMhl Wnd GrrfM-Mt A ClnblAnt St r-tl   3151-1[] n t SrtSnAn Infrtrtf hd Mtn  InttSfIn  C 2: d  thSIGCnf  n ft   p 113-1Y USAACM [] n td MStAnt SfA SpllCt WSpf br CpEnvnt In  C d  thSIGC nf  n ft p  p 373Y USA1999ACM [] t dn http/rl drfbprpdf rrv --11[] t dnQnt Stfd-Knh  WddAndpprtl trCp  IEEE Intn Cp133-3 199[]  Ml nChrth nCr And n-nh Cpbld KlhrtA Mdlblh^ frtrtf ASp IEEE rvCp  1([] Mn d Sl Grnb d-tGrprth GrpKGrprt ACM n  Cp-n Inttn 3(1-1199[5 St  SttK  Grtd n  MdrStGd f ClClW bl lIn ECSCW d  thth nf  En C-f  Cp Spt CpW  p 159-17 r-llMAUSAKl Ad blh[51] Ch Sh  rnrClt rld Mh nldSpAn Extblt f Arnd-thtlInttnIn  C 4: d  thSIGC nf  n ft   p 1-17 Y USAACM[5 MStGrnl GbrKnh KnStnn d  Shn nd thChrd: Cp S-pt f Cln d l Sv Mt p 335-3Mn Kfnn blhInS  CAUSA19[53] n Sttnj  dnd All nSpl Grpr A M f Cprt ClnIn  C d  thSIGC nf  n ft   p 3Y USA1999ACM blh ^ 9[5 rbt AStrtzrGr lrShKChrtn Mll-d WfnltrxrhtStzd lf StntzAn Inttndf Crd InnnIn  C  d  thSIGC n-f  n ft   p 1-1Y USA1999ACM [55] KhSnh d StS Inttn  f rl  Inttn  115-1997[5  Snrr G t Spl d ndWhS  Anrr lIrSpl rfnIn  C  d  thSIGC nf  n ft   p 7- Y USAACM[57]  Snrr G t Spl d nd-lr lIrrfn Spl   ACM Cnp Intt  13(171-99[5  Snn M d MCzn WC MnArbrWd f MEfftU  SnSp In  C 4: C 4 td rt n ft  p 15-15Y USAACM[59] Edrd d Sl Grnb plSlGrprr thStIn  A UIC 4: d blh ^ 91thfth Atrn Ur IntfCf p 1-11 r-lAtrAtrAtrn Cp St In[] Edrd  Sl Grnb d Ch ShGSI MtrGtSp Inttn Ov t bl bWrpSUr Appln In  ICMI 6: d  th8th tnnnf  Mt tf p 7Y USAACM [] Mn rth d rM Etl MhfG d InttAppln A rr Gd  MnKfnnM [] Grt Wl Ott Annn ChY Chl Cl rrC Ad nln nrAnp Gt Mth bb K   dr Sth Sthrd Ol  d Applnfr-l Wl  IEEE CpGrhAppl  (33[] Grt Wl nK d OttAnA Mtrr Wd M SptCtr  ClnCpS pt --t Unt [] Andr  Wnh A Cpt Inttbltn-vn StIn  UIS d  thth nlACM  Ur tfftrd thn  p -9 Y USAACMblh^ 9[] Andr  Wnbt Cp -b ttn  n-f Ond hd GtInpIn  UIS6: d thth nl ACM   Ur tfftrdthn  p 5- Y USAACM[] MWd v lrhnMtfr d Whnd G-t Inttn nf Mt bl l In  UIS d  thth nl ACM  Ur tfftrd thn  p 193- Y USAACM 93Appd AM    pr th tdthtpr bCEh h  l t hd th tthtfl tnlbdn fldth htftnSd   t t t b1  rnb  b rSd Cr S t t flt1   zt C Cntn t t t t b [  n  rnb  b rbl v t t3^ Enl v t  t3^ 1St O   Ctrl  d t5Appd AM    ^ 9rnC Cntn t t t 1 n Sd M Evt t t t t dx d bt Sd K  Evt t t t d 1Sd K Up Evt t t t d Sd lInn t t t t- dx d

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