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Indian reserves allotted for fishing purposes in British Columbia, 1849-1925 2008

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 Indian Reserves Allotted for Fishing Purposes in British Columbia, 1849-1925 Douglas C. Harris  This table accompanies Landing Native Fisheries: Indian Reserves and Fishing Rights in British Columbia, 1849-1925, by Douglas C. Harris (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2008). It provides additional and supporting detail for the Indian reserves that were specifically allotted for fishing purposes.  The table is organized geographically and by First Nations language group or regional affiliation. It begins with the reserves allotted to the Coast Salish, and then moves inland, following the Fraser River, to the reserves allotted to the Nlha7kapmx, Stl’alt’imc, Secwepmec, and Tsilqot’in. It then moves east into the Columbia River drainage basin to include the reserves allotted to the Okanagan and Ktunaxa. The table then returns to the coast and works north from the Nuu-chah-nulth reserves on the west coast of Vancouver Island, to the reserves of the Kwakwaka’wkaw, Oweekeno, Heiltsuk, Nuxalk, Haisla, Tsimshian, Haida, and Nisga’a. It then follows the Skeena River inland, listing the reserves allotted to the Gitxsan and Wet’suwet’en, and then the Dakleh reserves of the upper Fraser and Skeena rivers. Finally, it lists the Sekani and Tahltan reserves in the north.  With the exception of the reserves allotted under Treaty 8 in north eastern British Columbia, the table lists every reserve allotted for fishing purposes in British Columbia, the First Nation to which the reserve was allotted, the date of the allotment, the person responsible for allotting the reserve, and an extract from the document creating or confirming the reserve that included a reference to the fishery.  The table was compiled primarily from the Federal Collection of Minutes of Decision, Correspondence and Sketches from the Indian Reserve Commission, and from the Report of the Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the Province of British Columbia (Victoria: Acme Press, 1916). The Schedule of Indian Reserves in the Dominion of Canada, recompiled and corrected by C.H. Taggart up to 31 March 1943, annotated by I.M.D. Fox, was an invaluable reference.       ©  Douglas C. Harris 2007. All rights reserved. Page 2 of 56 Indian reserves allotted for fishing purposes in British Columbia, 1849-1925  Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† COAST SALISH Inlailawatash 4 Burrard JIRC 15/06/1877 15/06/1877 M.D. “Fishing Station” X Capilano 51 Squamish JIRC 15/06/1877 – – X Kitsilano 6  James Douglas (date unknown) JIRC 15/06/1877 – – X Skowishin 7  JIRC 27/11/1876 – – X Chuckchuck 8   – – X Yookwitz 12   – – X  Note: Abbreviations used in the table: JIRC (Joint Indian Reserve Commission); Royal Comm (Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the Province of British Columbia); M.D. (Minutes of Decision); F.M. (Field Minutes). These last two, as well as any references to fisheries noted on maps, are drawn from the Indian Reserve Commission’s Federal Collection of Minutes of Decision, Correspondence and Sketches. ∗ Indicates the First Nation that currently holds the reserve. This is not always the same as the group to which the reserve was allotted. ∗∗ The individual or body named as allotting a particular reserve also allotted all the reserves that follow in the table until another individual or body is named. In some cases the reserve was first allotted before the Joint Indian Reserve Commission (JIRC) began its work in 1876, but was later confirmed by the JIRC or by Indian Reserve Commissioners Gilbert Malcolm Sproat (1878- 80), Peter O’Reilly (1881-97), or A.W. Vowell (1898-1910). The later date is the one listed. For a list of reserves allotted before the JIRC see Lillian Ford and Cole Harris, “B.C. Colonial Indian Reserves” (unpublished paper, April 1999), archived at UBC Library, Special Collections. ∗∗∗ A dash in this column or the next one indicates that there was no document identifying the reserve as a fishery when the reserve was allotted. However, the reserve is included in the table because the Report of the Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the Province of British Columbia (Victoria: Acme Press, 1916) noted the connection between the reserve and a fishery. See the final column in this table and the corresponding footnote (†). Where there is a document identifying the reserve as a fishery, the document was created by the person or body that allotted the reserve (listed in the previous column) unless another person or body is identified. Document dates prior to the allotment date indicate that the reference to a fishery was made by the person or body that first marked out the reserve. † A mark in this column indicates that there was a reference to a fishery in Tables A and B in the Report of the Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the Province of British Columbia. Table C of the report frequently includes references to fishing as an occupation of the inhabitants of a reserve, usually accompanied by other occupations (most frequently hunting, farming, and working for wages). Where there was not also a reference to fisheries in Tables A or B, the reserves where fishing was noted as an occupation in Table C are not included here, because the fishing activity is being ascribed to the inhabitants and not as a feature of the reserve. See the discussion in Landing Native Fisheries (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2008), p. 8. ‡ Reserve names are based on the Schedule of Indian Reserves in the Dominion of Canada, recompiled and corrected by C.H. Taggart up to 31 March 1943, annotated by I.M.D. Fox, Regional District Surveyor for B.C. Footnotes have been added to indicate current name where it is different. 1 See Landing Native Fisheries, 1-4, 116-25. Page 3 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Poquiosin and Skamain 13   – – X Waiwakum 14   – – X Aikwucks 15   – – X  Yekwaupsum 18   – – X Kaikalahun 25  JIRC 28/11/1876 – – X Checkwelp 26   – – X Tsawcome 1 Sechelt JIRC 07/12/1876 – – X Oalthkyim 4   – – X Klaalth 5   – – X Klayekwim 8   – – X Chickwat 9   07/12/1876 M.D. “A fishing station” Hunaechin 11   – – X Swaywelat 12   – – X Paykulkum 14   – – X Tsooahdie 15   – – X Slayathlum 16   – – X Skwawkweehm 17   – – X Smeshalin 18   – – X Suahbin 19   – – X Sallahlus 20   – – X Sallahlus 20A   – – X Sekaleton 21   Vowell 22/06/1900 25/10/1900 F.M. “It is simply a rock on which there is neither water, fuel nor soil; it is used by the Indians as a fishing station, and as a point from which they ship their fish to the Vancouver market.” X Sekaleton 21A  Royal Comm 29/06/1916 29/06/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Station purposes” Saughanaught 22  Vowell 22/06/1900 22/06/1900 Map “Fish Traps”  X    25/10/1900 F.M. “a fishing station at the mouth of the Saughanaught Creek” Cokqueneets 23   25/10/1900 F.M. “The creek ... affords an abundant supply of salmon.” X Page 4 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Sliammon 1 Sliammon Sproat 26/08/1879 08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “In a bay near the Northwest corner of the reserve a large quantity of herring spawn is taken annually, an article of barter much prized by the Indians.”  Harwood Island 2  Sproat 26/09/1879 – – X Paukeanum 3  Sproat 26/08/1879 08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “Its principal value to the Indians is as a dog fish station.” Toquana 4   08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “A good salmon stream flows through the entire length of this reserve.” X Tokenatch 5   08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “of no value except as a fishing station” X Kahkaykay 6   08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “a few houses have been built for the purposes of fishing” X Homalco 1 Homalco Sproat ??/01/1880 – – X Homalco 2   – – X Orford Bay 4   08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “Large quantities of salmon are obtained from the river the entire length of the reserve.” X Mushkin 5  O’Reilly 10/08/1888 08/12/1888 F.M. “a fishing station of 10 acres” X Bartlett Island 7  Royal Comm 29/06/1916 29/06/1916 M.D. “Clam Beach” Bear Bay 8   29/06/1916 M.D. “ Herring Fishing Station” Klahoose 1 Klahoose Sproat 01/10/1879 08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “This place is of special value to the Indians as an oolachan, and salmon fishery” X Quaniwsom 2   08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “Salmon and herring are both taken here in considerable quantities.”  Salmon Bay 3   – – X Siakin 4   08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “a good dogfish station, but valueless for any other purpose” X Deep Valley 5   08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “It is a valuable salmon fishery.” X Quequa 6   08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “used as a camping ground while fishing” X Squirrel Cove 8   08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “used by a few families during the fishing season” X Page 5 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Ahpokum 9  Sproat 26/08/1879 08/12/1888 O’Reilly F.M. “The stream which flows through the reserve abounds in salmon.” X Tatpo-oose 10  Vowell 25/06/1900 25/10/1900 F.M. “an excellent fishing and hunting station” X Qualicum Qualicum JIRC 13/12/1876 – – X Gabriola Island 5 Snuneymuxw (Nanaimo) JIRC 23/12/1876 23/12/1876 M.D. “Fishing Station” X Portier Pass 5 Lyacksun JIRC 18/01/1877 18/01/1877 M.D. “fishing station, consisting of a rocky point” X Tsussie 6 Penelakut JIRC 18/01/1877 18/01/1877 M.D. “Original fishing station on Somenos creek” X Galiano Island 9   18/01/1877 M.D. “Also Tent island and a fishing station at Cowichan Gap” X Say-la-quas 10 Chemainus (Siccameen and Kulleetz) JIRC 18/01/1877 18/01/1877 M.D. “Fishing station on river” X Squaw-Hay-One 11   18/01/1877 M.D. “Fishing Station” Kil-pah-las 3 Cowichan2 JIRC 17/02/1877 – – X Est-Patrolas 4  JIRC 03/03/1877 – – X Tzart-lam 5  JIRC 17/02/1877 17/02/1877 M.D. “fishing stations” X Kakalatza 6   17/02/1877 M.D. “fishing stations” X Skutz 7   17/02/1877 M.D. “fishing stations” X Skutz 8   17/02/1877 M.D. “fishing stations” X Cowichan Lake Lake Cowichan O’Reilly 31/05/1887 31/05/1887 Map “Weir”    23/06/1887 F.M. “the stream flowing through this land supplies an abundant quantity of fall salmon”  Saturna Island 7 Tseycum and Tsawout (Saanich)3 JIRC 03/03/1877 – – X  2 See Landing Native Fisheries, 40-41, 168-70. 3 See the discussion of the Douglas Treaties in Landing Native Fisheries, 21-27. Page 6 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Pender Island 8   – – X Hatch Point 12 Pauquachin JIRC 03/03/1877 03/03/1877 M.D. “Fishing Station” X Goldstream 13 Malahat, Tsartlip, Tsawout, Tseycum, Pauquachin JIRC 03/03/1877 03/03/1877 M.D. “(Fishing Station)” X Songhees 1 Songhees JIRC 04/05/1878 04/05/1878 M.D. “It was part of the above agreement that these Indians should be permitted to carry on their fisheries as formerly.”4  Esquimalt 1 Esquimalt  JIRC 04/05/1878 04/05/1878 M.D. “It was part of the above agreement that these Indians should be permitted to carry on their fisheries as formerly.”5  Albert Head 116 Scia’new (Beecher Bay) JIRC 11/06/1877 11/06/1877 M.D. “A Fishing Station to contain about 5 acres on the Government Reserve at Albert Head.”  Musqueam 17 Musqueam Sproat 30/06/1879 – – X New Westminster8 Qayqayt (New Westminster) Sproat 30/06/1879 – – X Poplar Island9   – – X Langley 810 Kwantlen (Langley) Sproat 27/06/1879 – – X Semiahmoo Semiahmoo O’Reilly 14/06/1887 27/06/1887 F.M. “They support themselves by working in the logging camps, in the canneries on the Fraser river, and by fishing, and hunting ... The Campbell river flows through the greater part of the reserve, and from it a plentiful supply of fall salmon is obtained.”  Pitt Lake 4 Katzie O’Reilly 13/09/1898 22/09/1894 F.M. “This reserve as a fishing station is of much value to the Indians” X Yaalstrick 1 Lakahahmen Sproat 15/05/1879 – – X Lakahahmen 11  Sproat 26/06/1879 26/06/1879 M.D. The Indians are to have the right of fishing at the little creek near Mr. Bale’s where they get large salmon in the fall of the year”   4 The “above agreement” is a reference to the Douglas Treaties of 29 and 30 April 1850. See Landing Native Fisheries, 21-27. 5 The “above agreement” is a reference to the Douglas Treaty with the Esquimalt of 30 April 1850. See Landing Native Fisheries, 21-27. 6 Surrendered and sold 21 June 1892. 7 Surrendered and sold pursuant to Order-in-Council PC 4391, 6 September 1944. 8 Allotted in common to all Indians of surrounding area. The province never transferred title to the federal government. 9 Allotted in common to all Indians of surrounding area. Transferred to the City of New Westminster in 1945. 10 Appears to have been surrendered and sold. Page 7 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Squiaala 8 Squiala (Chilliwack) Sproat 15/05/1879 – – X Chehalis 5 Chehalis (Harrison River) O’Reilly 06/05/1884 03/07/1879 F.M. “the point there for fishing”    07/06/1884 F.M. “their principal fishery is on the Harrison rapids, immediately in front of their village”  Chehalis 6   – – X Popkum 1 Popkum Sproat 16/06/1879 – – X Hope 1 Chawathil (Hope) Sproat 16/08/1879 16/08/1879 M.D. “The fishing places of these Indians in this neighbourhood are as follows ... (2) a rock on the bank not far from the house of Pierre, the Chief, in the Hope town reserve”  Fishery11    M.D. “The fishing places of these Indians in this neighbourhood are as follows (1) a rock on the left bank of the Fraser below the saw mill on land which is said to be owned by the Revd. A D Pringle (2) a rock on the bank not far from the house of Pierre, the Chief, in the Hope town reserve (3) a rock on the right bank of the Fraser opposite to but about ¼ mile below Ay-waw-wis (4) a rock about a mile below Hope on right bank of the Fraser.”  Fishery 512  Vowell 11/03/1905 11/03/1905 Map “No. 5 Fishery” X    20/08/1914 Royal Comm “Fishery”13 Tunnel 6   11/03/1905 Map “No. 6 Fishery” X    16/03/1916 Royal Comm  “Fishery”14  11 Sproat attempted to reserve fishing rights in addition to land-based reserves. The second mentioned location appears to be within or adjacent to Hope 1. It is possible that the third mentioned location was later allotted by Vowell as Tunnel 6, although that reserve appears to be located a little farther downstream. No reserve appears to have been allotted to encompass the first and fourth mentioned locations. 12 Surrendered and sold to the CPR. 13 The Royal Commission report identified this reserve as Fishery 5 in its list “Confirmations of Reserves, Lytton Agency.” 14 The Royal Commission report identified this reserve as Fishery 6 in its list “Confirmations of Reserves, Lytton Agency.” Page 8 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Fisheries15 Union Bar Sproat 12/08/1879 12/08/1879 M.D. “The fishing places of these Indians in this neighbourhood are as follows. “2 places on the right bank of Fraser river between the Sister Rocks and the first Indian reserve below Sucka-thole-tchin ... 2 places also on the right bank of Fraser river respectively opposite Aywaw-wis village and the mouth of the Kwe-Kwe-hah-la river”  Kawkawa 16   – – X Fishery16 Yale Sproat 05/08/1879 05/08/1879 M.D. “The right of these and other Indians who have resorted to the Yale fisheries from time immemorial to have access to, and to encamp upon the banks of Fraser river for the purpose of carrying on their salmon fisheries in their old way on both sides of the Fraser river for 5 miles up from Yale is confirmed so far as the undersigned has authority in the matter.”  4 ½ Mile 2  Sproat 05/08/1879 05/08/1879 M.D. “The right of these and other Indians who have resorted to the Yale fisheries from time immemorial to have access to, and to encamp upon the banks of Fraser river for the purpose of carrying on their salmon fisheries in their old way on both sides of the Fraser river for 5 miles up from Yale is confirmed so far as the undersigned has authority in the matter.” X Kuthlalth 3   05/08/1879 M.D. “The right of these and other Indians who have resorted to the Yale fisheries from time immemorial to have access to, and to encamp upon the banks of Fraser river for the purpose of carrying on their salmon fisheries in their old way on both sides of the Fraser river for 5 miles up from Yale is confirmed so far as the undersigned has authority in the matter.”  Qualark 4  O’Reilly 23/05/1881 – – X Fisheries 1717  Vowell 26/04/1906 26/04/1906 M.D. “A fishing station” X Yale 18   – – X Yale 19   26/04/1906 M.D. “A fishing station” X Yale 20   26/04/1906 M.D. “A fishing station” X Yale 21   26/04/1906 M.D. “A fishing station” X Yale 22   26/04/1906 M.D. “A fishing station” X Yale 23   26/04/1906 M.D. “A fishing station” X  15 Sproat attempted to reserve fishing rights in addition to the Union Bar land-based reserves. 16 Sproat attempted to reserve fishing rights at Yale in addition to the land-based reserves. See Landing Native Fisheries, 56-57. 17 Relinquished pursuant to Order-in-Council 1786, 7 August 1931. Page 9 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Yale 24   – – X Yale 25   26/04/1906 M.D. “A fishing station” X NLHA7KAPMX Papsilqua 218 Spuzzum Sproat 21/05/1878 21/05/1878 M.D. “a fishing station”    01/06/1880 F.M. “a fishing station Yelakin 419   21/05/1878 M.D. “The following are the principal fishing places of these Indians and their right of access to and encamping thereon to capture and dry fish in their accustomed way is confirmed to them.”     01/06/1880 F.M. “enable the Indians to carry on their fisheries as heretofore” Long Tunnel 5   – – X Skuet 620  Sproat 21/05/1878 O’Reilly 26/04/1884 26/04/1884 O’Reilly  M.D. “commencing at the Northeastern corner of the old Fishing Reserve”     26/04/1884 Map “Fishery”    05/06/1884 F.M. “I have added this piece of land to the fishing station” Spuzzum 7  Royal Comm 28/06/1916 28/06/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Station” Saddle Rock 9   28/06/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Hells Gate21 Boston Bar Sproat 01/06/1878 01/06/1878 M.D. “A reserve at their old fisheries ... These Indians to have right of access to and of encamping on a strip of land on the left bank of Fraser River ... about a mile above Hells Gate for the purpose of capturing and drying fish in their accustomed way.”      Map “B. Bar Indians Fishery”    01/06/1878 F.M. “The land requisite for their fisheries on both sides of the river Fraser.”  Kopchitchin 2   01/06/1878 F.M. “A fishery wanted at Napak-chut-sum” Austin’s Flat 3   – – X  18 When Sproat confirmed the Papsilqua reserve, which had been granted by O’Reilly in 1870, he added a fishing station along the Fraser. This reserve does not appear to have been confirmed, but the Royal Commission added reserves (Papsilqua 2A and 2B) along the Fraser to the north and south. See Landing Native Fisheries, 46-47. 19 When Sproat confirmed the Yelakin reserve, which had been granted by O’Reilly in 1870, he added fishing stations to the north and south of the reserve that were never confirmed. See Landing Native Fisheries, 46-47. 20 Sproat allotted this reserve in 1878. O’Reilly added to it six years later, and when he did he noted that the original reserve was an “old Fishing Reserve.” 21 The reserves on both sides of the Fraser River at Hells Gate were never confirmed. See Landing Native Fisheries, 47-48. Page 10 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Scaucy 5   – – X Paul’s 6   01/06/1878 M.D. “A reserve at a fishing station” X     Map “Fishing houses” Tsintahktl 2 Boothroyd Sproat 08/06/1878 08/06/1878 M.D. “to include a fishery at a rocky spot”    08/06/1878 Map “Fishery”    08/06/1878 F.M. “a fishery” Stlakament 922   08/06/1878 M.D. “a fishery”    08/06/1878 Map “Fishery”    08/06/1878 F.M. “a fishing station” Dufferin 10   08/06/1878 M.D. “gardens and fishery”    08/06/1878 Map “Fishery” Fishery23 Kanaka Bar Sproat 18/06/1878 18/06/1878 M.D. “These Indians are to have their old right of fishing along the whole of the frontage of Mr. Palma’s land”     18/06/1878 Map “The Indians do not require water from either, but they require access through his place to their fisheries.”     18/06/1878 F.M. “The Indians are to have a right of fishing along the whole of Palma’s frontage and the surveyor will arrange for suitable access ... as most convenient for Palma, so as not to cross cultivated land, or unnecessarily spoil fences. The Indians may be reminded that I only gave them fishing and access here.”  Whyeek 4   18/06/1878 M.D. “a fishing place” X    18/06/1878 Map “Fishery”    18/06/1878 F.M. “a fishing place” Kupchynalth 2 Siska Sproat 18/06/1878 – – X Zacht 524   18/06/1878 M.D. “an old fishing place, a rock, on left bank of Fraser river, where a Chinaman was mining below Zacht reserve”  Seah 5 Lytton O’Reilly 24/08/1881 24/08/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on both banks of the River from a point ¼ mile north of this Reserve, and extending down stream one mile.”   22 Sproat recommended a small five-acre fishery on the Fraser immediately below the existing Stlakament reserve. The references are to this addition, which was never confirmed. 23 A settler had purchased or pre-empted land surrounding an important fishery of the Kanaka Bar and Siska. Sproat was unable to allot a reserve, but he sought to secure an easement for the Kanaka Bar and Siska that would allow access to and use of the fishery along the river frontage of the settler’s land. This fishery was never confirmed. See Landing Native Fisheries, 49, 50. 24 Sproat sought to secure a fishery situated between the Fraser and the Zacht 5 reserve. It was never confirmed. Page 11 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report†    24/08/1881 Map “Fishery”    19/01/1882 F.M. “The fishery of these Indians is located on the Fraser” Nesikep 6   24/08/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on both sides of the Fraser River from the northern boundary of the Reserve to the Southern boundary, a distance of about 2 ½ miles.”     24/08/1881 Map “Fishery”    19/01/1882 F.M. “The salmon fishery ... commences at the northern boundary ... and extends downstream to the southern boundary including both sides of the river.”  Fish Lake 7   24/08/1881 M.D. “A fishery reserve at Fish Lake” X    24/08/1881 Map “Fishery”    19/01/1882 F.M. “No. 7 is a fishery reserve ... it includes their favorite fishing grounds”  Unpukpulquatum 8 Nicomen Sproat 13/07/1878 – – X Skoonkoon 2 Cook’s Ferry Sproat 20/07/1878 – – X Tsinkahtl 8   20/07/1878 M.D. “Their old rights of fishing at their accustomed places on both banks of the Thompson ... and particularly on a flat called Tsim-tahk- tl on right bank ... are confirmed to them.” X Upper Tsinkahtl 8A   – – X Shackan 11 Shackan Sproat 20/08/1878 20/08/1878 F.M. “It is the practice of these Indians to encamp in summer ... at a place not far from where they set their fish trap.”  Nicola Mameet 1 Lower Nicola Sproat 05/09/1878 05/09/1878 F.M. “The old right of the Indians to fish undisturbed on all parts of Mameet Lake and Mameet River and tributaries is declared”  Joeyaska 2  Sproat 11/09/1878 08/04/1880 M.D. “The Indians are to have access to and to be at liberty to carry on, as formerly, their fisheries for the various kinds of fish, at their accustomed fishing places, and more particularly in ... Coldwater River”  Pipseul 3  Sproat 05/09/1878 08/04/1880 M.D. “The Indians are to have access to and to be at liberty to carry on, as formerly, their fisheries for the various kinds of fish, at their accustomed fishing places, and more particularly in ... Pipseul stream”  Hamilton Creek 7  Sproat 12/09/1878 08/04/1880 M.D. “The Indians are to have access to and to be at liberty to carry on, as formerly, their fisheries for the various kinds of fish, at their accustomed fishing places, and more particularly in ... Hamilton’s or McDonald’s Creek”  Nicola Lake 1 Upper Nicola Sproat 28/09/1878 F.M. “a good fishery for small fish at the mouth of the river” Page 12 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† 28/09/1878 Hamilton Creek 2   28/09/1878 M.D. “Hamilton’s Creek Fishery” X    28/09/1878 F.M. “a fishing station” Spahomin Creek 4   08/04/1880 M.D. “The Indians are to have access to and to be at liberty to carry on, as formerly, their fisheries for the various kinds of fish, at their accustomed fishing places, and more particularly in ... Spah-o-min Creek”  Chapperon Lake 5   28/09/1878 M.D. “Chapperon Lake Fishery”    28/09/1878 F.M. “a favourite resort as fish can be caught earlier there than at any other place in the District, and these being of large size and fine quality are a welcome supply of much prized food after the privations of the winter. Mr Guichon told me that he has seen a thousand Indians there at one time in Spring – Nicolas, Similkameens, Okanagans, and Shuswaps”  Chapperon Creek 6   28/09/1878 F.M. “The Upper Chapperon Creek fishery” Salmon Lake 7   28/09/1878 F.M. “fishery” Spahomin Creek 8  O’Reilly 10/10/1889 08/04/1880 Sproat M.D. “The Indians are to have access to and to be at liberty to carry on, as formerly, their fisheries for the various kinds of fish, at their accustomed fishing places, and more particularly in ... Spah-o-min Creek”  Oregon Jack Creek 5 Oregon Jack Creek O’Reilly 12/08/1881 12/08/1881 M.D. “A Salmon Fishery, commencing ¼ mile above the mouth of Oregon Jack creek, and extending downstream on both sides of the river a distance of 2 miles.”  Cheetsum’s Farm 1 Ashcroft O’Reilly 10/08/1881 10/08/1881 Map “Fishery”    10/08/1881 M.D. “Also the exclusive right of fishing on both banks of the Thompson River from the Mouth of Minaberriet Creek, up stream a distance of half a mile.”     15/01/1882 F.M. “Also their old fishing station commencing at the small cañon below the ‘Big slide’ on Thompson river, extending down-stream about ½ mile to Minnaberriet’s creek.”  105 Mile Post 2   10/08/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of salmon fishing on both shores of the Thompson River, from the head of the Black Cañon, up stream a distance of 1 mile.”     10/08 1881 Map “Fishery”    15/01/1882 F.M. “The salmon fishery of these Indians is situated in the Thompson river ... immediately opposite their reserve No. 2, and embraces both sides of the river”  Page 13 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† STL’ÁTL’IMC McCartney’s Flat 4 T’it’q’et (Lillooet) O’Reilly 31/08/1881 18/01/1882 F.M. “they also fish on the left bank of the Fraser on Reserve No. 4”    31/08/1881 Map Seton Lake 5   31/08/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of salmon fishing ... Also on both banks of Seton creek, from Seton Lake downstream ¼ mile.” X    31/08/1881 Map “Fishery”    18/01/1882 F.M. “they also fish ... at the outlet of Seton lake on Reserve 5” Fishery25   31/08/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of salmon fishing on both sides of the Fraser is reserved from the mouth of Cayoosh creek, upstream, to ½ mile below Bridge river, a distance of about four miles.”  Fishery26   31/08/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of salmon fishing ... Also on the left bank of Fraser river from the mouth of Cayoosh creek, downstream a distance of three miles.”  Cayoosh Creek 1 Cayoose Creek O’Reilly 29/08/1881 29/08/1881 M.D. “the right of fishing in Cayoosh creek from its mouth to the site of the old bridge, a distance of 1 mile”     29/08/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on the right bank of Fraser river from the mouth of Cayoosh creek, downstream 2 ½ miles.”     14/02/1882 F.M. “The established salmon fishery of these Indians commences at the old bridge on Cayoosh creek, and extends to its junction with the Fraser, and thence down the right bank of the Fraser, a distance of 2 ½ miles.”  Pashilqua 2   29/08/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on the right bank of Fraser river from the mouth of Cayoosh creek, downstream 2 ½ miles.”     29/08/1881  Map “Fishery”    14/02/1882 F.M. “The established salmon fishery of these Indians commences at the old bridge on Cayoosh creek, and extends to its junction with the Fraser, and thence down the right bank of the Fraser, a distance of 2 ½ miles.”  Bridge River 1 Bridge River O’Reilly 01/09/1881 01/09/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of salmon fishing on both sides of the Fraser river from ½ mile south of Bridge river, upstream to the Fountain Indians fishery.” X    23/02/1882 F.M. “The fisheries of the Bridge river Indians comprise both sides of the Fraser river, commencing half a mile south of Bridge river, and   25 Not confirmed as a reserve. See Landing Native Fisheries, 63-68, 82-85. 26 Not confirmed as a reserve. See Landing Native Fisheries, 63-68, 82-85. Page 14 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† extending northward to the fishery of the Fountain Indians, a distance of about 3 miles.” Bridge River 2   01/09/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of salmon fishing on both sides of the Fraser river from ½ mile south of Bridge river, upstream to the Fountain Indians fishery.”  Fishery27 Fountain O’Reilly 26/08/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on both banks of the Fraser River, for ¼ mile above the 11 mile creek, on the Lillooet, Clinton waggon road, downstream to the Bridge River Indians fishery, a distance of about 4 ½ miles, is assigned to the Indians.”    26/08/1881 06/02/1882 F.M. “The fishery of this tribe on the Fraser is a valuable one, it commences ¼ mile above the mouth of 11 mile creek, and extends downstream to the Bridge river Indians fishery a distance of 4 ½ miles embracing both sides of the river.”  Dry Salmon 7  Royal Comm 12/03/1915 12/03/1915 M.D. “Fishing Station” Silicon 2 Seton Lake O’Reilly 03/09/1881 – – X Seton Lake 328   – – X Seton Lake 429   – – X Mission 5   – – X Necait 6   03/09/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of salmon fishing on the stream which connects Anderson with Seton lake, a distance of about 1 ¾ miles.”     03/09/1881 Map “Fishery”    25/02/1882 F.M. “The salmon fishery of these Indians is situated immediately in front of their village, on the stream which connects Anderson, with Seton lake”  Nequatque 1 N’Quatqua (Anderson Lake) O’Reilly 05/09/1881 05/09/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of salmon fishing on Mosquito river, from its mouth the entire length of Reserve No. 1 a distance of one (1) mile.”     05/09/1881 Map “Fishery”    27/02/1882 F.M. “The fishery of these Indians is situated on Mosquito river, commencing at its mouth, and extending upstream the entire length of the reserve, a distance of one mile. At the time of my visit they were busy drying fish.”   27 Not confirmed as a reserve. See Landing Native Fisheries, 63-68, 82-85. 28 Cut off by Royal Commission, 12 March 1915. 29 Cut off by Royal Commission, 12 March 1915. Page 15 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Samahquam 1 Samahquam O’Reilly 07/09/1881 07/09/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on both banks of the Lillooet the entire length of this reserve, a distance of about one mile is allotted to the Indians.”  Sachteen 2   07/09/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on both banks of the Lillooet the entire length of this reserve is assigned to the Indians.”  Skookumchuck 4 Skatin (Skookumchuck) O’Reilly 07/09/1881 07/09/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on both banks of the Lillooet river the entire length of the reserve a distance of about 1 ½ mile.” X Glazier Creek 12  Royal Comm 29/06/1916 29/06/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Lelachen 6 Douglas O’Reilly 05/05/1884 07/09/1881 Map “Fishery” X    06/06/1884 F.M. “includes the two favorite fishing stations used by this band. Apart from its value as a fishery, the land is worthless being principally rocky covered with timber of small size.”  Lokla 4 Mount Currie (Pemberton Meadows) O’Reilly 06/09/1881 06/09/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing in Birkenhead river, the entire length of this reserve a distance of ¼ mile is assigned to the Indians.” X    06/03/1882 F.M. “the principal fishing station of the Pemberton Indians ... apart from the fishery it is entirely worthless. Here the Indians have erected substantial drying houses, where they cure salmon in very large quantities.”  Fishery30   06/09/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on both banks of the Lillooet river, from the foot of Pemberton Lake ½ mile downstream is reserved for the use of the Indians.”     06/09/1881 Map “Fishery”    06/03/1881 F.M. “I have reserved for the Indians the right of fishing in the Lillooet river from Pemberton Lake ½ mile downstream ”  SECWEPEMC Leon Creek 2 Ts’kw’aylaxw (Pavilion) O’Reilly 04/08/1881 04/08/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on both banks of Fraser river, from ‘Leon creek’ downstream to ¼ mile above 11 mile creek on the Lillooet road.”     04/02/1882 F.M. “The fishery, as reserved for this tribe, extends from ‘Leon Creek’ downstream to ¼ mile above 11 mile creek on the Lillooet road, a distance of 15 miles.”  High Bar 1 High Bar O’Reilly 25/07/1881 25/07/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on both banks of the Fraser river, commencing at a point ½ mile below Barney Creek, and extending   30 Not confirmed as a reserve. See Landing Native Fisheries, 63-68, 82-85. Page 16 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† up stream to the Northern boundary of the reserve a distance of about 6 miles.”    25/07/1881 Map “Fishery”    23/01/1882 F.M. “The salmon fishery of this tribe embraces both sides of the Fraser river, commencing ½ mile below the Southern boundary of the reserve, and extending 6 miles up stream to its Northern limit.”  Fishery31 Whispering Pines (Clinton) O’Reilly 30/07/1881 30/07/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on both sides of the Fraser river from Leon creek upstream to High Bar Indian fishery ½ mile below Barney creek.”     28/01/1882 F.M. “The salmon fishery of these Indians on Fraser river, extends from Leon creek, up stream to the High Bar Indians fishery, a distance of about 3 miles.”  Fishery32   30/07/1881 M.D. “Also the right to fish in Green lake”    28/01/1882 F.M. “I also accorded them the right to fish, conjointly with the Canoe creek Indians, in Green lake”  Kelly Creek 3  Royal Comm 27/03/1915 n.d. Land Application 85 “fishing station”33 Fishery34 Canoe Creek O’Reilly 21/07/1881 21/07/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on both banks of Fraser river, from a point 1 ½ mile above the mouth of Canoe Creek, down stream to a conical shaped rock in the middle of the river, a distance of about 5 ½ miles.”     09/12/1881 F.M. “they are possessed of a valuable fishery, where they obtain an abundant supply of salmon; it commences 1 ½ mile above the mouth of Canoe Creek, embraces both sides of Fraser river, and extends down-stream for a distance of 5 ½ miles to a conical shaped rock which stands in the centre of the river.”  Fishery35   21/07/1881 M.D. “The right to fish in Green Lake, situated 4 miles East of the 73 mile post on the Cariboo waggon road.”     09/12/1881 F.M. “Green Lake ... declared a fishing station to be used by them in common with the Indians of Clinton as both these tribes congregate there in the early summer for the purpose of fishing.”  Dog Creek 4  19/07/1881 19/07/1881 M.D. “Also the exclusive right of fishing on both banks of the Fraser river, from the mouth of Dog Creek to the mouth of Harper’s Creek, X  31 Not confirmed as a reserve. See Landing Native Fisheries, 63-68, 82-85. 32 Not confirmed as a reserve. 33 This reference appears in the table “Lytton Agency – Additional Lands Applications” in the Royal Commission report. 34 Not confirmed as a reserve. See Landing Native Fisheries, 63-68, 82-85. 35 Not confirmed as a reserve. Page 17 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† a distance of 1 ½ mile.”    02/12/1881 F.M. “The fishery of these Indians, comprising both banks of the Fraser river, extends from the mouth of Harpers lake creek, to the mouth of Dog Creek, a distance of 1 ½ mile.”  Fish Lake 5  O’Reilly 05/09/1895 05/09/1895 M.D. “No 5 Fish Lake, a reserve of one hundred and five acres” X    05/09/1895 Map “Fish Lake” Windy Mouth 7 Esketemc (Alkali Lake) O’Reilly 15/07/1881 19/07/1881 Map “Fishery” X    28/11/1881 F.M. “I have also reserved for this tribe, two important fisheries; one of about 3 acres, situated on the North shore of Lac la Hache, between the 122, and 123 mile posts on the Cariboo wagon road, and distant from their village about 50 miles. Here they obtain a supply of small fish, much valued by them. As I have been informed, they have never ceased to use this fishery, notwithstanding that as far back as April 1873 the land was included in a pre emption.”  Fishery36   15/07/1881 M.D. “Also the exclusive right to fish on the left bank of the Fraser river, from the mouth of Chilcotin river to the mouth of Little Dog creek an approximate distance of 4 miles.”     28/11/1881 F.M. “The salmon fishery on the left bank of the Fraser river, which is one of great value, commences at the mouth of Chilcotin river, and extends down stream for a distance of four miles, terminating at the mouth of Little Dog creek.”  Tillion 4 Williams Lake O’Reilly 16/06/1881 16/06/1881 M.D. “A fishing station of 10 acres at the mouth of San Jose or Williams Lake creek, commencing at its confluence with the Fraser river” X    22/09/1881 F.M. “their fisheries at the foot of Williams lake, at mouth of San Jose river, (sometimes known as Williams Lake creek), and Chimney creek, have been reserved, with a sufficient acreage in each case to supply all their requirements, such as horse feed, drying grounds etc.”  Chimney Creek 5   16/06/1881 M.D. “A fishing station” X    22/09/1881 F.M. “their fisheries at the foot of Williams lake, at mouth of San Jose river, (sometimes known as Williams Lake creek), and Chimney creek, have been reserved, with a sufficient acreage in each case to supply all their requirements, such as horse feed, drying grounds etc.”  San Jose 6   16/06/1881 M.D. “A fishing station at the foot of Williams Lake containing four acres, a portion of which has been enclosed by Mr. Pinchbeck.” X  36 Not confirmed as a reserve. See Landing Native Fisheries, 63-68, 82-85. Page 18 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report†    16/06/1881 Map “Fishery”    22/09/1881 F.M. “their fisheries at the foot of Williams lake, at mouth of San Jose river, (sometimes known as Williams Lake creek), and Chimney creek, have been reserved, with a sufficient acreage in each case to supply all their requirements, such as horse feed, drying grounds etc.”  Soda Creek 1 Soda Creek O’Reilly 20/06/1881 20/06/1881 Map “Fishery”    22/09/1881 F.M. “I have made a special reserve of their fishing station on the banks of the Fraser in front of their old reserve.”     15/12/1881 Map “Fishery”    18/05/1891 F.M. “The fishery, a very valuable one, is situated in the cañon of the Fraser, immediately in front of the village.”  Alexandria 3 Alexandria O’Reilly 04/07/1881 04/07/1881 M.D. “Also the exclusive right of fishing on the West bank of Fraser river, commencing at the North east corner of the Hudson Bay Cos claim, and extending up stream, an approximate distance of 125 chains to the North east corner of the Indian Reserve.”     04/07/1881 Map “Fishery”    26/09/1881 F.M. “They have an excellent fishing station, which has been included in the reserve.”     01/12/1881 Letter “The fishery in this instance forms the frontage of the Reserve on the West bank of the Fraser”  Loon Lake 4 Bonaparte Sproat 10/08/1878 10/08/1878 M.D. “A reserve consisting of 10 acres to include the graves and favourite camping place at the west end of Loon Lake whence the Indians go to fish at the small lake south from and near Loon Lake, and any other small portions of land which the Indians may desire for fishing stations in that neighbourhood.” X Mauvais Rocher 5  O’Reilly 06/08/1881 – – X Hihium Lake 6 (also Kamloops, Lower Nicola and Upper Nicola) Royal Comm ??/??/1914 – – X Fishery37   06/08/1881 O’Reilly F.M. The Bonaparte Indians have no salmon fisheries of their own, but they fish on the Fraser in common with the Indians of Lillooet, distant 30 miles from their village, and there they are able to obtain all the fish they need.”   37 Not confirmed as a reserve. Page 19 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Kamloops 238 Kamloops JIRC 29/07/1877 29/07/1877 M.D. “A fishing station at Bartlett Newman’s pre emption on the Kamloops Nicola Road” X Kamloops 3   – – X Kamloops 5   12/06/1878 Sproat M.D. “Also a fishing station at the foot of the lake shown on the following rough sketch, to include about 75 acres of land between the above lake and a small round lake quarter of a mile below the foot of the above lake.”     11/02/1915 Royal Comm M.D. “Fishing Station” Trout Lake 639  Vowell 29/06/1904 29/06/1904 Map “Fish Trap”    18/07/1904 F.M. “At certain seasons of the year this has been a resort of the Indians from time immemorial for fishing and camping purposes”  Nekalliston 2 North Thompson JIRC 05/07/1877 05/07/1877 M.D. “fishing station” X Barriere River 3   05/07/1877 M.D. “fishing station” X Louis Creek 4   05/07/1877 M.D. “fishing station” X Shuswap Shuswap O’Reilly 14/08/1884 14/08/1884 Map “Fishery”    17/12/1884  F.M. “A large and profitable salmon fishery formerly existed on this reserve; but, for some years past, only a few fish have been caught by the Indians, owing to the establishment of so many canneries and the systematic destruction of the fish in the Columbia river in American territory.”  Squaam 2 Adams Lake JIRC 13/08/1877 – – X Toops 3   13/08/1877 M.D. “The addition of fifteen acres for a fishing station as shown on the sketch given”  Switsemalph 7   13/08/1877 M.D. “a separate, additional reserve, not to exceed twenty acres is assigned to them at the mouth of the Chick tahkt cheen Creek as a fishing station”  TSILQOT’IN Stone 1 Stone O’Reilly 11/07/1887 11/07/1887 M.D. “The right to fish in the Cañon on the Chilcotin river is also reserved for these Indians, from a point 1 ¼ mile below Mr. J.J.   38 See Landing Native Fisheries, 49-53. 39 This reserve, a forty-acre parcel at the outflow of Trout Lake, twenty-four miles south of Kamloops, was not confirmed. Page 20 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Hances’ house, downstream one (1) mile.”    19/08/1887 F.M. “The salmon fishery of these Indians situated on the Chilcotin river, a mile and a quarter below Mr Hances’ house has also been reserved.”  Saddle Horse 2   – – X Toosey 3 Toosey  O’Reilly 13/07/1887 13/07/1887 Map “Fishery” X    22/08/1887 F.M. “No. 3 a salmon fishery on the right bank of the Fraser river, two miles above the mouth of Riskie Creek, is a spot much frequented by the Indians during the salmon run, and is valuable for no other purpose.”  Puntzi Lake 2 Alexis Creek Royal Comm 20/05/1916 20/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Chilco Lake 1 Xeni Gwet’in (Nemaiah Valley)  Vowell 20/09/1899 – – X Lohbiee 3   20/09/1899 M.D. “Fishery Reserve” X    20/09/1899 Map “Fishery Reserve”    19/09/1899 Diary “this the Indians requested as a general camping ground and fishing station where all the Indians assemble at certain periods to catch fish in the lake which abounds with a great variety of that food supply”  Tsunnia Lake 5  Royal Comm 20/05/1916 20/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” OKANAGAN Eagle Pass40 Spallumcheen JIRC 03/09/1877 03/09/1877 M.D. “and seventy five acres on the Great Shuswap Lake at Eagle Pass to include at the latter place the fishery, house and improvements”  Sicamous 3   O’Reilly 11/08/1893 11/12/1893 F.M. “The soil is light, composed of sand and gravel, and is not suited for agriculture, but it is a convenient camping ground, and a good fishing station.” X Swan Lake 441  Okanagan JIRC 15/10/1877 15/10/1877 M.D. “Swan Lake Fishery” Priest’s Valley 6   15/10/1877 M.D. “to include the Indian fisheries”  40 This reserve allotment was cancelled. O’Reilly later allotted Sicamous 3 instead. 41 Cut off by the Royal Commission, 18 November 1913. Page 21 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Mission Creek 842 Westbank JIRC 15/10/1877 15/10/1877 M.D. “Mission Creek Fishery” Dog Lake 243  Osoyoos JIRC 16/11/1877 16/11/1877 M.D. “Also a fishing station at the foot of Dog Lake, about twenty chains wide, extending from the foot of the lake so as to include both sides of the Okanagan River as far south as the creek” X Vermilion Forks 1 Upper Similkameen Sproat 05/10/1878 – – X Wolf Creek 3  O’Reilly 05/08/1893 24/11/1893 F.M. “The fisheries on Wolf Creek, and at the foot of Beaver Lake, are much prized, otherwise the reserve, I consider to be of very little value.”  One Mile 6  Sproat 05/10/1878 – – X KTUNAXA Creston 1 Lower Kootenay O’Reilly 28/08/1884 16/12/1884 F.M. “they now depend principally on fish, and berries, for their subsistence”  NUU-CHAH-NULTH Gordon River 2 Pacheedaht (Pacheena) O’Reilly 07/06/1882 18/10/1882 F.M. “The Salmon fisheries on both the North, and South branches of the San Juan river, are very valuable, as supplying the entire wants of the tribe with this staple article of consumption; the right to fish has been reserved to them, on both branches, from the head of tidal water, to the forks, a distance of about 2 ½ miles.” X Cullite 3  O’Reilly 17/06/1889 03/03/1890 F.M. “As a halibut, and dogfish station this is much valued by the Indians” X Queesidaquah 4  O’Reilly 30/10/1894 30/10/1894 M.D. “No. 4 A fishing station, containing about twenty eight (28) acres, situated on the right bank of the San Juan river” X Tsuquanah 2 Ditidaht (Nitinat) O’Reilly 07/08/1890 08/01/1892 F.M. “It is a good fishing station, being convenient to the halibut banks off Cape Flattery, and to the course followed by the fur seals when migrating northward.” X Wyah 3   08/01/1892 F.M. “Halibut and dogfish are plentiful in the neighbourhood.” Claoose 4   08/01/1892 F.M. “Its principal value to the Indians is as a fishing station, for, in addition to the deep sea and seal fisheries, the sockeye frequent the Sarque river in great numbers.” X  42 Cut off by the Royal Commission, 18 November 1913. 43 Cut off by the Royal Commission, 21 November 1913. Page 22 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Sarque 5   08/01/1892 F.M. “a salmon fishery, situated on the right bank of the Sarque river about two miles from its mouth” X Carmanah 6   08/01/1892 F.M. “Five houses have been built here, and are occupied during the halibut and dogfish season.” X Iktuksasuk 7   – – X Homitan 8   08/01/1892 F.M. “situated at the mouth of the outlet of a large lake much frequented by sockeye salmon. It is the most prized of any of the salmon fisheries of the tribe.” X Oyees 9   – – X Doobah 10   08/01/1892 F.M. “It is a fishing station, a quantity of inferior salmon being taken yearly in the small stream that bounds the reserve.” X Malachan 11   – – X Ilclo 12   08/01/1892 F.M. “On it are six old houses, and also a number of drying stages used by the Indians during the salmon fishing season.” X Opatseeah 13   08/01/1892 F.M. “a salmon fishery at the mouth of Nitinat river” X Wokitsas 14   08/01/1892 F.M. “on the right bank of the Nitinat river, is a salmon fishing station. A substantial stone weir, about four feet high, has been built by the Indians at this place.” X Chuchummisapo 15   07/08/1890 Map “Weir” X    08/01/1892 F.M. “It is an old salmon fishing station, as evidenced by the stone weir which here crosses the river.”  Saouk 16   08/01/1892 F.M. “Hitherto this has been used solely as a salmon fishery” X Numukamis 1 Huu-ay-aht44 (Ohiet) O’Reilly 01/06/1882 06/10/1882 F.M. “At this place a large quantity of dogfish oil is obtained ... Their principal supply of fall salmon is derived from this river.” X Nuchaquis 2   06/10/1882 F.M. “dog fish station on the Eastern shore of Copper Island” X Dochsupple 3   06/10/1882 F.M. “A small stream flows through it which is their favourite salmon fishery.” X Sachsa 4   06/10/1882 F.M. “the Indians have erected Salmon traps; it is a spot much valued by them, but worthless for any other purpose than that of a fishing station” X Sachawil 5   06/10/1882 F.M. “a fishing station containing Eleven (11) Acres on Helby Island, frequented by the Indians when fishing for dogfish, salmon and herring” X Kirby Point 6   06/10/1882 F.M. “A fishing station on Kirby Point.” X Hamilton Point 7   06/10/1882 F.M. “The land itself is worthless, and is only occupied during the seal X  44 See the discussion of the reserves on the Alberni Canal and Barkley Sound (Huu-ay-aht, Tseshaht, Hupacasath, Uchuklesaht, Toquaht, and Ucluelet) in Landing Native Fisheries, 93-96, 171-75. Page 23 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† fishing season.” Kichha 10   06/10/1882 F.M. “a fishing station used during the summer when the Indians are engaged in the halibut fishery” X Clutus 11   06/10/1882 F.M. “used by the Indians when halibut fishing” X Anacla 12   06/10/1882 F.M. “Here the Indians during the Autumn obtain a large supply of Salmon, it being one of their old established fishing stations.” X Masit 13   06/10/1882 F.M. “it is prized by the Indians as a halibut fishery” X Tsahaheh 1 Tseshaht (Sechart) O’Reilly 03/06/1882 03/06/1882 Map “Fishery”    09/10/1882 F.M. “Situated at the upper end of this reserve is their most valued Salmon fishery the entire length of which is in the reserve.”  Alberni 2   09/10/1882 F.M. “It is used principally as a camping ground by the Indians when returning from their fishing excursions at the mouth of the sound.” X Iwachis 3   09/10/1882 F.M. “It is frequented by the Indians when fishing for dogfish; a small stream flows through its entire length and a limited number of salmon are obtained here.”  Tseoowa 4   09/10/1882 F.M. “used only during the dogfish season” X Ahmitsa 5   09/10/1882 F.M. “dog fish station” Cleho 6   09/10/1882 F.M. “for fishing purposes situated on Nettle Island” X Keith Island 7   09/10/1882 F.M. “on it stands the fishing station of Ka-Ka-muck-a-mil” X Equis 8   09/10/1882 F.M. “Shell fish are abundant, there is a small Salmon fishery on the reserve, and as a dogfish and sealing station it is both convenient and well sheltered.” X Omoah 9   – – X Klehkoot 2 Hupacasath (Opetchisaht) O’Reilly 05/06/1882 11/10/1882 F.M. “their principal salmon fishery” X Cous 3   11/10/1882 F.M. “A shallow river runs through this reserve, in which the Indians obtain a large supply of Salmon for winter consumption. Apart from the fishery, the land is of little account.” X Chuchakacook 4   11/10/1882 F.M. “a dogfish station” X Cowishil 1 Uchuklesaht (Uchucklesit) O’Reilly 05/06/1882 14/10/1882 F.M. “on it stands the principal village of this tribe, from which they command the resorts of the different fish which frequent this coast, and it is therefore of great value to them” X Elhlateese 2   14/10/1882 F.M. “the favourite Autumn salmon fishery of these Indians, and extends from the mouth of the river to ‘U-chuckle-sit’ lake, a distance of ½ mile” X Page 24 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Macoah 1 Toquaht (Toquart) O’Reilly 03/06/1882 16/10/1882 F.M. “includes the Winter village of this tribe, and also the river ‘Co- hat-so’ on which is a small salmon fishery” X Deekyakus 2   16/10/1882 F.M. “is the principal salmon fishery of this tribe, and is situated on the Toquart river” X Chequis 3   03/06/1882 M.D. “The right of fishing in the Creek which flows through this reserve, from its mouth to a Lake at the head of it (an approximate distance of one mile) is allotted to the Indians.” X    16/10/1882 F.M. “I have reserved the right of fishing in the ‘Chequis’ river from its mouth, to the outlet of the lake from which it flows, a distance of about one mile.”  Chenatha 4   16/10/1882 F.M. “It is chiefly of value as a salmon fishery” X Dookqua 5   16/10/1882 F.M. “a fishing station used during the sealing season” X Clakamucus 2 Ucluelet O’Reilly 05/06/1882 17/10/1882 F.M. “a small fishing station of twelve (12) Acres situated at the head of U-clue-let Arm. In a stream which flows through this reserve, the Indians procure a small supply of Winter salmon” X Outs 3   17/10/1882 F.M. “used only as a fishing station” X Quinaquilth 4   17/10/1882 F.M. “is a salmon fishing station” X Kleykleyhous 5   17/10/1882 F.M. “The principal salmon fishery of this tribe is situated here.” X Ucluth 6  O’Reilly 18/06/1889 04/03/1890 F.M. “This station is convenient to the dogfish, and halibut fisheries, and being well sheltered, affords a safe landing for canoes.” X Wya 7   04/03/1890 F.M. “it is used solely as a fishing station” X Oo-oolth 8   04/03/1890 F.M. “a well sheltered fishery to which the Indians resort for halibut” X Quisitis 9   – – X Opitsat 1 Tla-o-qui-aht (Clayoquot) O’Reilly 04/06/1889 05/03/1890 F.M. “The position of this reserve renders it valuable to the Indians, as it is contiguous to the sea fisheries, and well sheltered.” X Echachis 2   05/03/1890 F.M. “It is a convenient and valuable fishing station.” X Esowista 3   – – X Kootowis 4   05/03/1890 F.M. “A limited quantity of salmon of inferior quality are taken here.” X Okeamin 5   05/03/1890 F.M. “a valuable salmon fishery” X Clayoqua 6  O’Reilly 24/06/1889 24/06/1889 M.D. “A right to fish in the stream that runs through the entire length of this reserve, is allotted to the Indians.” X    05/03/1890 F.M. “A right of salmon fishing, in the stream that runs through the entire length of this reserve, is secured to the Indians.”  Winche 7   24/06/1889 M.D. “The right to fish, in that part of the river which bounds this reserve on the east, is assigned to the Indians.” X    05/03/1890 F.M. “A large quantity of salmon is obtained from the river, the right to Page 25 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† fish in which is reserved to the tribe.” Ilthpaya 8   24/06/1889 M.D. “The right to fish in the Kennedy river, from the southwest corner of this reserve, extending downstream, about one mile, to the head of tidal water, is allotted to the Indians.” X    05/03/1890 F.M. “The right to fish downstream, to the head of tidal waters, is assigned to the Indians.”  Onadsilth 9   05/03/1890 F.M. “of little value except for the salmon obtained from the river that flows through it” X Eelseuklis 10   05/03/1890 F.M. “a salmon fishery” X Yarksis 11 Ahousaht O’Reilly 24/06/1889 – – X Cloolthpich 12   – – X Quortsowe 13   05/03/1890 F.M. “used by the Indians while fishing in the neighborhood” X Oinimitis 14   05/03/1890 F.M. “It is valuable as being in close proximity to the mouth of the Bear river, where a large quantity of inferior salmon are taken for Winter consumption. This fishery, like nearly all on the West coast of Vancouver Island, is in tidal water.” X Ahous 16   05/03/1890 F.M. “a well sheltered fishing station ... The Indians resort here when sealing, sea otter hunting, or halibut fishing.” X Chetarpe 17   05/03/1890 F.M. “Dogfish, halibut and cod are numerous in the neighborhood of this reserve.” X Sutaquis 18   05/03/1890 F.M. “a fishing station ... It is used principally by the Indians when fishing for dogfish.” X Wahous 19   24/06/1889 M.D. “Wah ous (fishery) a reserve of one hundred, and ten (110) acres, situated at the mouth of Trout river, at the head of Cypress Bay, Clayoquot Sound.” X    24/06/1889 Map “Fishery”    05/03/1890 F.M. “a valuable fishery” Wahous 20   05/03/1890 F.M. “It is the camping place of the Indians when fishing in Trout river.” X Tequa 21   05/03/1890 F.M. “a fishing station” X Peneetle 22   05/03/1890 F.M. “This is a good dogfish station.” X Moyehai 23   05/03/1890 F.M. “The stream from which the Indians procure their salmon is about ¼ mile north of the village, and affords a large quantity of salmon.” X Seektukis 24   05/03/1890 F.M. “a salmon fishery” X Watta 25   05/03/1890 F.M. “a salmon fishery” X Page 26 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Wappook 26   05/03/1890 F.M. “a few inferior fish are taken at the mouth of the creek which flows past the two houses” X Openit 27   – – X Tootoowiltena 28   – – X Kishnacous 29   05/03/1890 F.M. “It is not occupied by the Indians except when fishing for salmon, and dogfish.” X Vargas Island 31  Royal Comm 07/02/1916  n.d. Land Application 13 “fishery look out station”45 Bartlett Island 32   n.d. Land Application 17 “fishing station”46 Kutcous Point 33  Royal Comm 10/02/1916 10/02/1916 M.D. “fishing station” Hisnit Fishery 34  Royal Comm 07/02/1916 07/02/1916 M.D. “fishing station” Hesquiat 1 Hesquiaht (Hesquiat) O’Reilly 26/06/1886 12/08/1886 F.M. “a reserve of 232 acres, on which the principal village stands. Its chief value lies in its proximity to halibut grounds”  Homais 2   12/08/1886 F.M. “a sealing, and fishing station situated in an exposed position” X Teahmit 3   12/08/1886 F.M. “includes two small streams, at the mouths of which, a limited number of salmon are taken”  Maahpe 4   12/08/1886 F.M. “its only value to the Indians being the few salmon that are taken at the mouth of the creek” X Iusuk 547   12/08/1886 F.M. “a fishing station on the eastern shore of Hesquiat Harbor, and contains 33 acres. At the mouth of a small creek on this reserve the Indians have constructed a salmon weir.” X Yuquot 1 Mowachaht/ Muchalaht (Nootka) O’Reilly 28/06/1889 06/03/1890 F.M. “Yuquot is one of the best stations on the West Coast of Vancouver Island, being conveniently situated for hair, and fur seal, also for fish of all kinds.” X Tsarksis 2   06/03/1890 F.M. “used by the Indians when sealing, and halibut fishing” X Aass 3   06/03/1890 F.M. “a fishing station” X Nesuk 4   06/03/1890 F.M. “valueless except as a fishery” X Moutcha 5   06/03/1890 F.M. “Three small houses on this reserve are used by the Indians when fishing in the vicinity.” X Sucwoa 6   06/03/1890 F.M. “It is a good fishing and hunting station” X  45 This reference appears in the table “West Coast Agency – Additional Lands Application” in the Royal Commission report. 46 This reference appears in the table “West Coast Agency – Additional Lands Application” in the Royal Commission report. 47 Surrendered in 1959. Page 27 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Hisnit 7   06/03/1890 F.M. “a small fishing station” X Hoiss 8   – – X Coopte 9   – – X Tsowwin 10   06/03/1890 F.M. “This is a favorite camping place, fish of all description being found in the immediate vicinity.” X Tahsis 11   06/03/1890 F.M. “On this reserve are four houses used by the Indians when fishing, or hunting.” X Ahaminaquus 12   06/03/1890 F.M. “From the tidal waters of Gold river, large quantities of inferior salmon are obtained.” X Matchlee 13   06/03/1890 F.M. “a fishing station” X Hleepte 14   06/03/1890 F.M. “This reserve is of value only for the fishery in the neighbourhood.” X Cheesish 15   06/03/1890 F.M. “It is convenient to the halibut, and other fishing grounds, and is the site of a small winter village consisting of five houses.” X Mooyah 16   06/03/1890 F.M. “valued by the Indians wholly for the salmon obtained at the mouth of a small river that bounds the reserve” X Ous 17   06/03/1890 F.M. “Its principal value is as a fishery; dogfish are caught here in vast numbers.”  Nuchatl 1 Nuchatlaht (Nuchatlitz) O’Reilly 02/07/1889 05/04/1890 F.M. “The soil is poor in the extreme, but it is valuable to the Indians, a large quantity of dogfish oil being obtained here, while salmon, halibut, and bass are plentiful in the vicinity.” X Ahpukto 3   – – X Shoomart 5   05/04/1890 F.M. “used by the Indians as a hunting, and fishing station” X Owossitsa 6   05/04/1890 F.M. “a small salmon fishery of 9 acres” X Oclucje 7   05/04/1890 F.M. “A limited quantity of salmon is taken here in the tidal waters of a small river that flows past this allotment.” X Occosh 8   05/04/1890 F.M. “a salmon, and dogfish station, contains 30 acres ... Apart from the fishery the land is of small value, being rocky, hilly, and covered with small timber, spruce, hemlock, and cedar.” X Chiseuquis 9   05/04/1890 F.M. “It is in close proximity to the halibut, and sealing grounds, and is consequently much frequented by the Indians during the fishing season.” X Sophe 14   Royal Comm 07/02/1916 07/02/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Oke 10 Ehattesaht (Ehatisaht) O’Reilly 02/07/1889 05/04/1890 F.M. “A few salmon are taken in the stream that flows through this reserve.”  Page 28 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Ehatis 11   05/04/1890 F.M. “Large numbers of salmon are taken in the river that flows into this Arm.” X Chenahkint 12   – – X Tatchu 13   05/04/1890 F.M. “a halibut, and deep sea fishing station” X Klitsis 16  Royal Comm 07/02/1916 07/02/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Village Island 1 Ka:’yu:’k’t’h’/ Che:k:tles7et’h’ (Kyuquot/Checkleset) O’Reilly 06/07/1889 10/04/1890 F.M. “Barter Cove is a well sheltered spot, and much frequented by trading schooners, and sealers there being good anchorage. Seal, dogfish, and halibut are plentiful in the immediate vicinity; three thousand gallons of oil were produced here last year.” X Mission Island 2   – – X Yakats 5   10/04/1890 F.M. “On it are four houses used by the Indians when fishing.” Houpsitas 6   – – X Chamiss 7   10/04/1890 F.M. “a salmon fishing station on the western shore of Kyuquot Sound contains 13 acres, and is valueless for any other purpose” X Kayouk 8   10/04/1890 F.M. “a salmon fishery on the western shore of Easy Creek” X Kashittle 9   10/04/1890 F.M. “a small fishing station at the head of Kok shilttle Arm” X Kaoowinch 10   10/04/1890 F.M. “It is a camping place, and salmon fishery, of no value for any other purpose.” X Tahsish 11   10/04/1890 F.M. “a fishing station” X Artlish 12   10/04/1890 F.M. “a salmon fishery” X Kaouk 13   10/04/1890 F.M. “It is only valuable as a salmon fishery.” X Amai 15   10/04/1890 F.M. “Cod, and salmon are taken in this Inlet at certain seasons.” X Machta 16   10/04/1890 F.M. “a camping place for the Indians when fishing in the vicinity” X Grassy Island 17  Royal Comm 07/02/1916 07/02/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Acous 1  O’Reilly 08/07/1889 14/04/1890 F.M. “This station is conveniently situated for fishing of all kinds throughout the year, and large quantities of dogfish oil are obtained.” X Mahope 3   14/04/1890 F.M. “Inferior salmon are obtained in the stream that bounds this reserve.” X Hisnit 4   14/04/1890 F.M. “a fishing station of twelve (12) acres” X Ououkinsh 5   14/04/1890 F.M. “One house has been built here, and is occupied during the salmon fishing season.” X Upsowis 6   14.04/1890 F.M. “valued by the Indians being within easy reach of the deep sea fisheries”  Malksope 7   – – X Page 29 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Quin-e-ex 8  Royal Comm 07/02/1916 07/02/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Checkaklis Island 9   07/02/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” KWAKWAKA’WAKW Telaise 148 Quatsino (Klaskino) O’Reilly 09/07/1889 21/04/1890 F.M. “This station is much frequented by the Indians when salmon fishing, and during the berry picking season.” X Tsowenachs 249   – – X Klaskish 3   21/04/1890 F.M. “a fishing station on the eastern shore of Klaskish Inlet, about half a mile east of Shelter Island, contains thirteen (13) acres. It is well sheltered, and commands some of the best halibut, and deep sea fishing grounds on the coast.” X Toh-quo-eugh 2 (Koskimo) O’Reilly 15/07/1889 13/11/1890 F.M. “Three houses, inhabited only during the salmon fishing season, have been built here.” X Pa-Cat’l-lin-ne 3   13/11/1890 F.M. “a camping place used by the Indians when fishing, contains ten acres. It is valuable for no other purpose.” X Kultah 4   – – X Cayilth 5   13/11/1890 F.M. “a fishing station at the head of the Southeast Arm of Quatsino Sound” X Cayuse 6   13/11/1890 F.M. “This reserve is principally valuable as a salmon fishery.” X Teeta 7   13/11/1890 F.M. “a salmon fishery, on the Western shore of the Southeast Arm of Quatsino Sound contains seven acres” X Mah-te-nicht 8   13/11/1890 F.M. “This is a valuable fishing station being within reach of both the salmon, and the deep sea fisheries. A large quantity of oil is made here, dogfish, and shark being numerous.” X Clatux 9 (Koprino) O’Reilly 15/07/1889 13/11/1890 F.M. “Five small rocky islands ... are included in this allotment, which contains seventy-eight acres in all. These islands are used by the Indians as drying grounds for their fish. Herrings are very abundant here during the spawning season.” X Koprino 10   15/07/1889 M.D. “A Fishery containing one hundred and ten (110) acres, situated on the northern shore of Koprino Harbor, Quatsino Sound.” X    15/07/1889 Map “Fishery”    13/11/1890 F.M. “a fishing station ... A large number of salmon are taken in the river which flows through the reserve.”  O-ya-kum-la 11 (Quatsino) O’Reilly 13/11/1890 F.M. “The halibut and deep sea fisheries are within easy reach of this X  48 Cut off by Royal Commission, 14 August 1914. 49 Cut off by Royal Commission, 14 August 1914. Page 30 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† 15/07/1889 village, and dogfish are caught in unlimited quantities in the immediate neighborhood.” Quatleyo 12   – – X Clienna 14  Conveyed by McNiff ??/08/1895 – – X Ah-we-cha-ol-to 16  O’Reilly 15/07/1889 13/11/1890 F.M. “convenient to the salmon, and herring fisheries” X Hope Island 1 Tlatlasikwala (Nahwitti) O’Reilly 17/09/1886 20/10/1886 F.M. “It is utterly worthless except as affording sheltered points from which the Indians can, weather permitting, start on their fishing expeditions.” X Glen-gla-ouch 5   20/10/1886 F.M. “It is a sheltered spot conveniently situated for fishing” X Wakems 6  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 25/02/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Station purposes” Semach 2 (Nakomgilisala) O’Reilly 17/09/1886 20/10/1886 F.M. “a small fishing station containing six acres, situated in Sea Otter Cover, at the Northern end of Vancouver Island. It is a well-sheltered nook on an exposed coast, and a favourite camping-ground of the Indians when halibut-fishing.” X Ouchton 3   20/10/1886 F.M. “a favourite fishing station situated near Cape Scott, the extreme northerly point of Vancouver Island. It contains twelve acres, and is valueless for any other purpose. Halibut, bass, etc. are here found in great quantities, and of good quality.” X Nahwitti 4   20/10/1886 F.M. “a fishing station containing eighteen acres ... Formerly this was the site of an old village, but latterly it is only used when the Indians are on fishing excursions.” X Keogh 650 Kwakiutl (Fort Rupert) O’Reilly 18/09/1886 20/10/1886 F.M. “a small camping ground and fishing station containing six acres, is situated three miles East of Fort Rupert” X Klickseewy 7   20/10/1886 F.M. “valuable to the Indians as a salmon fishery ... These Indians subsist almost wholly on dried fish, and on oolachan grease which they obtain at Knight’s Inlet.” X  Ches-la-kee 3 ’Namgis51 (Nimpkish) O’Reilly 21/09/1886 20/10/1886 F.M. “There is an excellent salmon fishery at this spot, from which the Alert Bay cannery is supplied.” X Ar-ce-wy-ee 4   21/09/1886 Map “Weir” X  50 Reserve does not appear in the 1943 Schedule of Indian Reserves. 51 See Landing Native Fisheries, 157, 159, 161-62. Page 31 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report†    20/10/1886 F.M. “It has a good fishery, and is much valued by the Indians on that account.”  O-tsaw-las 5  O’Reilly 21/09/1886 20/01/1880 Sproat M.D. “the old Indian fishing resort” X    21/09/1886 Map “Weir”    20/10/1886 F.M. “This is a spot much frequented by the Indians throughout the year as the yield of salmon and trout from this river and lake is never- failing.”  Ksui-la-das 6  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 14/08/1914 M.D. “for Halibut Fishing Station purposes” Kuldekduma 7  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 14/08/1914 M.D. “for Halibut Fishing Station purposes” Karmutsen Lake52  Sproat 20/01/1880 20/01/1880 M.D. “A Reserve consisting in all of 20 acres or thereabouts to include the old Indian fishing camping ground at the head of the Lake described as Karmutsen”  Salmon River 1 Komox (Comox) O’Reilly 08/10/1886 30/10/1886 F.M. “the salmon fishery extends the entire length of the reserve, and is capable of producing an immense supply of fish”  Matsayno 5 Kwiakah (Kweeha) O’Reilly 08/10/1886 28/08/1879 Sproat M.D. “fishing station” X    30/10/1886 F.M. “A valuable fishery exists on the river” Saaiyouck 6  O’Reilly 08/10/1886 30/10/1886 F.M. “a convenient dogfish station” X Village Bay 7 We Wai Kai (Cape Mudge) O’Reilly 08/10/1886 30/10/1886 F.M. “a fishing station” X Open Bay 8   30/10/1886 F.M. “a fishing station” X Hyacinth Bay53  Sproat 13/10/1879 13/10/1879 M.D. “fishing station” Homayno 2 We Wai Kum (Campbell River) O’Reilly 02/10/1886 28/08/1879 Sproat M.D. “fishing station” X    30/10/1886 F.M. “the stream which flows through it supplies several families with salmon for winter consumption”  Loughborough 3  O’Reilly 08/10/1886 30/10/1886 F.M. “a limited supply of salmon can be procured” X Matlaten 4   – – X  52 Reserve not confirmed. 53 Reserve not confirmed. Page 32 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Campbell River 11  A.H. Green 07/05/1888 11/10/1879 Sproat M.D. “the right of encamping to catch & dry fish at their old fishery”    13/10/1879 Sproat M.D. “The Indians are to have the right of encamping to catch and dry fish at their old fishery about ¼ of a mile on the right bank of Campbell River above Kemper’s landing.     13/10/1879 Map “Fishing Station” Tsawwati 1 Da’naxda’xw (Tanockteuch) O’Reilly 02/10/1886 22/12/1879 Sproat M.D. “The Reserve at Tsa-watti which is to be enjoyed as a fishing place in common with other tribes ... is claimed by these Ta-nock- tene Indians as their old settlement but the area now assigned will suffice for all.” X    29/10/1886 F.M. “contains four hundred and ten acres, nearly all of which is subject to overflow, and though otherwise worthless, is valuable to the Indians for fishing purposes. Both Salmon and oolachan are taken in large quantities the entire length of the reserve.”  Keogh 2 (Awaetlala)  29/10/1886 F.M. “From the river which flows through this reserve the Indians derive a large supply of winter Salmon.” X Ahnuhati 6  Royal Comm ??/03/1916 22/12/1879 Sproat M.D. “to include the Indian fishing camping ground and improvements”  Kwatse 3  O’Reilly 02/10/1886 22/12/1879 Sproat M.D. “to include the Indian fishing camping ground and improvements” X Sim Creek 5  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 22/12/1879 Sproat M.D. “fishing camping ground”    25/02/1916 M.D. “lands on Sim Creek for fishing purposes” Dead Point 5  O’Reilly 29/09/1886 – – X Karlukwees 1 Tlowitsis-Mumtaglia (Klowitsis/Mahteelthpe) O’Reilly 02/10/1886 29/10/1886 F.M. “The Indians here informed me that they had no land except that upon which their village, called Kar-luk-wees, stands; that their friends, with whom they have intermarried, live in Knight’s Inlet, and they use the fisheries there in common with them. Like other Indians on the coast this tribe subsist entirely on fish”  Aglakumna 4A  Ditchburn/Clark54 27/03/1923 27/03/1923 “fishing station” Etsekin 1  O’Reilly 05/10/1886 – – X Haylahte 3  O’Reilly 05/10/1886 17/10/1879 Sproat M.D. “All the Indian improvements and their salmon fishing place to be included.” X  54 See Landing Native Fisheries, 181-84. Page 33 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report†    30/10/1886 F.M. “a fishing, and hunting station ... Immense quantities of inferior salmon are taken at this place, which form their principal winter food.”  Port Neville 4  O’Reilly 05/10/1886 17/12/1879 Sproat M.D. “the fishing station” X    05/10/1886 Map “Weir”    30/10/1886 F.M. “valued chiefly as a salmon fishery; a large quantity of fish were being cured at the time of my visit; and from appearances a supply equal to the demands of the entire tribe may be taken from this river”  Pawala 5  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 25/02/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Station purposes” Hanatsa 6  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 25/02/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Station purposes” Apsagayu 1A Mamalilikulla- Qwe’Qwa’Sot’Em (Village Island) Ditchburn/Clark55 27/03/1923 27/03/1923 “fishing station” Compton Island 6  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 25/02/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Station purposes” Meetup 2 Kwicksutaineuk-ah- kwaw-ah-mish (Village Island and Gilford Island) O’Reilly 29/09/1886 27/12/1879 Sproat M.D. “to include the Indian fishing camping ground” X    29/09/1886 Map “Weir”    26/10/1886 F.M. “It is only of value as a salmon stream.” Ahta 3   27/12/1879 Sproat M.D. “to include the Indian fishing, camping ground” X    26/10/1886 F.M. “a fishing station at the mouth of the Ah-ta River” Kakweken 4   27/12/1879 Sproat M.D. “to include the Indian fishing station” X    26/10/1886 F.M. “twelve acres have been reserved at this point as a fishing station, about one acre of which may be converted into a garden without much labour”  Dakiulis 7  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 25/02/1916 Land Application 187 “clam beach”56  55 See Landing Native Fisheries, 181-84. 56 This reference appears in the table “Kwawkewlth Agency – Additional Lands Application” in the Royal Commission report. Page 34 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Alalco 8  O’Reilly 25/09/1886 25/09/1886 Map “Oolachan Fishery” X    26/10/1886 F.M. “a good salmon stream; a limited quantity of oolachans are taken here each spring, hence it is highly prized by the Indians”  Umdagitis 9  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 25/02/1916 M.D. “for Clam supply purposes” Bat-l-ki 3 Tsawataineuk (Gilford Island) Royal Comm 25/02/1916 25/02/1916 Land Application 142 “fishing station”57 Kukwapa 5    M.D. “Clam Supply” Quaee 7  O’Reilly 25/09/1886 26/10/1886 F.M. “It is especially valuable as an oolachan and salmon fishery, and during the run of the former is visited by various tribes, other than those for whom it is set apart.”  Kunstamis 2 Gwawaenuk (Gilford Island)  O’Reilly 25/09/1886 26/10/1886 F.M. “is a fishing and camping station situated on the mainland of British Columbia at the northern entrance to Claydon Bay” X Keogh 3  Sproat 29/12/1879 29/12/1879 M.D. “to include the Indian fishing camping ground” X   O’Reilly 25/09/1886 26/10/1886 F.M. “a great quantity of salmon , though of inferior quality, is taken at this place for winter consumption”  Quay 4   26/10/1886 F.M. “a fishing and hunting station” X Lawanth 5   26/10/1886 F.M. “a fishing station at the mouth of a small stream” X Gleyka 6   26/10/1886 F.M. “a reserve of nine acres, includes two small salmon streams” X Magwekstala 10  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 25/02/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Hopetown 10A  Ditchburn/Clark58 27/03/1923 n.d. Royal Comm Land Application 162 “fishing station … and clam beach”59 Kadis 11  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 25/02/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Dove Island 12   25/02/1916 M.D. “Clam and Timber Supply” Tsulquate 4 Gwa’sala- ‘Nakwaxda’xw O’Reilly 18/09/1886 20/10/1886 F.M. “bounded on the South by a small stream, contains sixty-eight acres; it is situated on the Western shore of Hardy Bay, Queen Charlotte’s Sound; and is valued only as a salmon fishery.” X Wyclese 1  O’Reilly 03/08/1882 M.D. “Fishery. The right to fish in the Sammo river for two (2) miles  57 This reference appears in the table “Kwawkewlth Agency – Additional Lands Application” in the Royal Commission report. 58 See Landing Native Fisheries, 181-84. 59 This reference appears in the table “Kwawkewlth Agency – Additional Lands Application” in the Royal Commission report. Page 35 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† 03/08/1882 above tidal water, is reserved for the use of the Indians.”    30/10/1882 F.M. “An abundant supply of Salmon however is obtained from the Sammo River, the right to fish two miles above tidal waters being reserved for their use.”  Nekite 2   30/10/1882 F.M. “This is a valuable salmon fishery” X Halowis 5  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 25/02/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Station purposes” Tseetsum-Sawlasilah 6   25/02/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Station purposes” Ann Island 7   25/02/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Station purposes” Pahas 3  O’Reilly 17/08/1888 28/01/1889 F.M. “It has recently become the winter residence of the tribe, and being well sheltered, and contiguous to the halibut, and deep sea fisheries, is admirably suited for that purpose.” X Mahpahkum 4   28/01/1889 F.M. “a deep sea fishery, and sealing station on the northern extremity of Deserters Island” X Ta-a-ack 5   28/01/1889 F.M. “twenty acres conveniently situated for fishing, and sealing purposes” X Saagoombahlah 6   28/01/1889 F.M. “a fishing station on Schooner Passage” X Kwetahkis 9   28/01/1889 F.M. “It is frequented by the Indians when fishing, and hunting, and is valueless for any other purpose.” X Owh-wis-too-a-wan 10   28/01/1889 F.M. “It is used by the Indians as a fishing and hunting station” Peneece 11   28/01/1889 F.M. “a fishing and hunting station” X Wawwat’l 12   28/01/1889 F.M. “This reserve is valuable to the Indians as the oolachan frequent the river in the spring, and an unlimited supply of salmon is procured during the autumn.” X Tsai-kwi-ee 13   28/01/1889 F.M. “a fishing station” X Ko-kwi-iss 14   28/01/1889 F.M. “It is used by the Indians as a fishing station, and camping ground when travelling.” X Kai-too-kwis 15   28/01/1889 F.M. “It is a good fishing and hunting station” Waump 16   28/01/1889 F.M. “The river which flows through this reserve affords an abundant supply of salmon” X Pel-looth’l-kai 17   28/01/1889 F.M. “fishing station” X Kuthlo 18  Royal Comm 25/02/1916 25/02/1916 M.D. “ fishing station” OWEEKENO Katit 1 Oweekeno O’Reilly 07/08/1882 07/08/1882 Map “Oolachan Fishery” “ Fish Trap” X Page 36 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report†    31/10/1882 F.M. “Their salmon fisheries extend the length of the Reserve ... while a limited number of Oolachans are caught here during the Spring.”  Kitala 2   31/10/1882 F.M. “This is a good salmon stream” Cockmi 3   31/10/1882 F.M. “Halibut, and Salmon abound, and near here a large quantity of herring spawn (a delicacy to the Indians) is collected.” X HEILTSUK Hoonees 2 Heiltsuk60 (Bella Bella) O’Reilly 25/08/1882 – – X Quartcha 3   25/08/1882 Map “Weir” X    01/11/1882 F.M. “a salmon fishing station at the mouth of the ‘Quart-cha’ river” Noota 4   01/11/1882 F.M. “It is simply a fishing station, which the Indians frequent during the Autumn when salmon fishing.” X Clatse 5   25/08/1882 Map “Weir” X    01/11/1882 F.M. “Here the Indians have a valuable Salmon fishery which extends a mile up stream the entire length of the reserve.”  Elcho 6   01/11/1882 F.M. “a salmon fishery at the head of a small Inlet” X Kisameet 7   01/11/1882 F.M. “Though the Creek which flows through this reserve is small, it abounds in salmon, and is a favorite resort of the Indians during the fishing season.” X Howeet 8   01/11/1882 F.M. “the Indians only remain here during the fishing season” X Kunsoot 9   01/11/1882 F.M. “Salmon are caught here in great numbers, the fishery being convenient to their Village at Bella Bella.” X Kajustus 10   01/11/1882 F.M. “fishing station” X Werkinellek 11   01/11/1882 F.M. “seal fishing” X Yellertlee 12   – – X Yeo Island 13  Royal Comm 18/05/1916 18/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Pole Island 14   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Island 14A   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Kokyet 1  O’Reilly 29/08/1882 – – X Neekas 4   – – X Tankeah 5   29/08/1882 Map “Weir” X  60 See Landing Native Fisheries, 96-97, 153-55, 170. Page 37 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report†    02/11/1882 F.M. “a fishing station of limited capacity, situated at the head of Berry Harbour... I have reserved forty (40) Acres, which includes the Salmon weir, and houses; except as a fishery it possess no value.”  Koqui 6   02/11/1882 F.M. “It is also convenient to their seal and Halibut fisheries.” NUXALK Bella Coola 1 Nuxalk (Bella Coola) O’Reilly 11/08/1882 01/11/1882 F.M. “The Bella Coola which flows through this reserve, contributes a bountiful supply of both salmon and oolachans, and renders this reserve of special value to the Indians.”  Nooseseck 2   11/08/1882 Map “Weir” X Taleomy 3   01/11/1882 F.M. “A large supply of salmon is taken here, and also a limited number of oolachans during the season.” X Kwatlena 4   01/11/1882 F.M. “A limited supply of salmon for winter consumption is secured at this place” X Kemsquit 1  O’Reilly 14/08/1882 01/11/1882 F.M. “The Kemsquit river yields a large supply of salmon, and in the spring oolachans are abundant; halibut are also found in close proximity to the reserve.” X Chatscah 2   01/11/1882 F.M. “The salmon fishery on the river is of great value, it extends the whole length of the reserve; at the time of my visit the Indians were employed catching, and drying fish for their winter consumption.” X HAISLA Kitamaat 1 Kitamaat (Kitimat) O’Reilly 24/07/1889 03/05/1890 F.M. “There is a valuable fishery here, oolachans, and salmon being taken in large quantities in the tidal water of the river.”  Wawelth 361   03/05/1890 F.M. “A few inferior salmon are taken at the mouth of a small stream that flows through this reserve” X Tahla 4   03/05/1890 F.M. “a salmon, and oolachan fishing station, situated near the mouth of the Tah la river, contains fifteen (15) acres. It is valueless for any other purpose.” X Bish 662  Vowell 17/01/1910 – – X Kitisa 763   – – X Kuaste 8   – – X Kildala River 10  Royal Comm 16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station”  61 Renamed Walth 3. 62 Renamed Bees 6. 63 Renamed Kitasa 7. See Landing Native Fisheries, 69-72. Page 38 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† 16/05/1916 Tosehka 12   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Kiltuish 1364  Royal Comm 18/05/1916 18/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Mis-kat-la 1465   18/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Wekellals 1  O’Reilly 25/07/1889 05/05/1890 F.M. “a valuable fishery, for not only are oolachan taken here, as before stated, but every species of salmon frequent these waters.” X Kitlope 2   – – X Crab River 4  Royal Comm 29/09/1913 29/09/1913 M.D. “Fishing Station” TSIMSHIAN Kitasoo 1 Kitasoo (China Hat) O’Reilly 31/08/1882 04/11/1882 F.M. “and in close proximity to the Village are two small streams, which supply a limited number of salmon”  Canoona 2   31/08/1882 M.D. “Fishery. The right of fishing in the Canoona River for a distance of two miles from its mouth is assigned to the Indians.” X    04/11/1882 F.M. “The principal salmon fishery of this tribe is situated at a waterfall at the mouth of this Creek, or river, though at certain seasons salmon are taken for a considerable distance higher up ... It is also conveniently situated for the halibut and herring fishery.”  Weeteeam 3  Royal Comm 16/05/1916 n.d. Land Application 1 “Fishing Station”66 Kdad-eesh 4   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Dil-ma-sow 5   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Kinmakanksk 6   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Quckwa 7   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Goo-ewe 8   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Lattkaloup 9   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” St. Joe 10   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Ulthakoush 11   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Mary Cove 12   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Skilak 14   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station”  64 Renamed Giltoyees 13. 65 Renamed Misgatlee 14. 66 This reference appears in the table “Bella Coola Agency – Additional Lands Application” in the Royal Commission report. Page 39 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Kitkahta 1 Hartley Bay (Kitkahta) O’Reilly 22/07/1889 – – X Quaal 3   28/04/1890 F.M. “Large quantities of salmon are obtainable in the tidal waters of the Qua al river.”  Quaal 3A  Royal Comm 17/05/1916 17/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Lachkul-jeets 6   17/05/1916 M.D. “for Clam supply” Kahas 7   17/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Kayel 8   17/05/1916 M.D. “for Seaweed supply” Gribble Island 10   17/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Kunhun-oan 13   17/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Gander Island 14   17/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station”  Dolphin Island 1 Kitkatla (Kitlathla) O’Reilly 21/09/1882 07/11/1882 F.M. “The Village is very conveniently situated to some of the best halibut and herring fisheries, and is within easy reach of the waters most frequented by the fur Seal and seal Otter.”  Grassy Inlet 2   – – X Kumowdah 367   07/11/1882 F.M. “Except for the fishery, and some good timber, the land is of little value only one small garden has been cultivated, which it would be difficult to enlarge.” X    21/09/1882 Map “Fishery” Sand Island 4  O’Reilly 10/07/1891 03/08/1891 F.M. “The reserves recently allotted are with one exception fishing stations, valuable to the Indians but barren and unsuitable for any other purpose.” X Klapthlon 5   03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X Pa-aat 6   03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X Tsimtack 7   03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X Toowartz 8   03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X Citeyats 9   03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X Kitlawaoo 10   03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X Keetcha 1168   03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X Kooryet 12   03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X Clowel 13   03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X  67 See Landing Native Fisheries, 98-99, 155-56. 68 Renamed Keecha 11. Page 40 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Sheganny 14   03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X Tsimlairen 15   03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X Keswar 16   03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X Keyarka 17    03/08/1891 F.M. “fishing station” X Kul 18   – – X Kitsemenlagan 1969  Royal Comm 16/05/1916 16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Kitsemenlagan 19A   16/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Wilnaskancaud 3 Metlakatla  O’Reilly 29/10/1881 08/04/1882 F.M. “A fishing station on ‘Kaien’ Island containing 6 acres, known as Wil-na-sKan-caud. A few potatoes are grown here, but the spot is only used during the fishing season.” X Shoowahtlans 4   08/04/1882 F.M. “a fishing station only” X Cloyah 5   29/10/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing in ‘Clo yah’ river for a distance of 1 ½ miles from its mouth is reserved.” X    08/04/1882 F.M. “another fishing station, and summer residence” Tuck Inlet 89  Royal Comm 29/05/1916 29/05/1916 M.D. “two creeks at the head of Tuck’s Inlet, for use as a Fishing Station”  Rushton Island 90   29/05/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Station” Squaderee 91   29/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Avery Island 92   29/05/1916 M.D. “including land on which are the fish-drying houses of Indians ... for use as a Fishing Station”  Edye 93   29/05/1916 M.D. “for use as a Clam and Cockle Beach” Tsimpsean 2  Lax Kw’alaams (Port Simpson) and Metlakatla O’Reilly 26/02/1884 – – X Willaclough 670  O’Reilly 29/10/1881 08/04/1882 F.M. “Is situated immediately North of the Inverness Cannery at the mouth of the North branch of the Skeena River, and contains 30 acres; it is well timbered but otherwise of no value except as a fishery.”  Point Veitch 7   08/04/1882 F.M. “The Indians were especially anxious to obtain this land as they said it was their intention to build a Cannery here.”  Khyex 8   08/04/1882 F.M. “Containing 60 acres is 7 miles above Essington at the mouth of the ‘kh-yex’ river, it is an old established fishing station and is well timbered.” X  69 See Landing Native Fisheries, 69-71. 70 Cut off by Royal Commission, 16 February 1916. Page 41 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Kilcutseen 9   08/04/1882 F.M. “on the left bank of the Skeena 13 miles above Essington, this is also a fishing station and contains 22 Acres” X Khtahda 10   08/04/1882 F.M. “a fishing station on the left bank of the Skeena River 14 miles above Essington; it contains 6 acres” X Scuttsap 11   08/04/1882 F.M. “a fishing station, at the head of tidal water, on the left bank of the Skeena, 17 miles above Port Essington” X Lakelse 25   Vowell 19/09/1903 19/09/1903 M.D. “Neither is it intended to interfere with existing tribal customs governing the rights of any particular band to the fishing station so reserved.”  Tymgowzan 12 Lax Kw’alaams (Port Simpson) O’Reilly 13/09/1882 – – X Ensheshese 13   06/11/1882 F.M. “a salmon fishing station in Work’s Canal, situated on the left bank of the ‘En-she-shese’ river, containing forty acres. This Reserve includes the right to fish for two (2) miles up stream from the head of tidal water.” X Wilskaskammel 14   06/11/1882 F.M. “a salmon fishery, in the North fork of Work’s Canal, about 2 miles from the forks, contains ten (10) acres. This is a small creek but the Indians appear to value it much, on account of the supply of winter salmon it yields.” X Toon 15   13/09/1882 M.D. “Fishery. The right of fishing in the Toon river for a distance of two (2) miles up stream from the head of tidal water is reserved for the use of the Indians.” X    06/11/1882 F.M. “a salmon fishery at the mouth of the Toon river, which empties into the head of the North fork of Work’s Canal. It contains twenty- five (25) acres. Salmon of inferior quality are taken here in great quantities during the Autumn. Apart from the fishery, the land on this reserve is worthless. The right of fishing in the Toon river for two miles above tidal water is granted to these Indians.”  Lachmach 16   06/11/1882 F.M. “supplies a limited number of salmon” X Spakels 17   06/11/1882 F.M. “camping ground during oolachan season” Pitt Island 27  Royal Comm 29/05/1916 29/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing station purposes” Ketai 28   29/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing station purposes” Prince Leboo Island 32   29/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Zayas Island 32A   29/05/1916  M.D. “Fishing Station” Dundas Island 32B   29/05/1916  M.D. “Fishing Station” Page 42 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Channel (Nares) Islands 33   29/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Far West Point 34   29/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Kasika 36   29/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing station purposes” Bill Lake 37   29/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Knames 46  Royal Comm 11/05/1916 11/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Knamadeek 52   11/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Iakvas 68   11/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Red Bluff 88  Royal Comm 29/05/1916 29/05/1916 M.D. “Oolachan Fishing Station” Port Essington Kitsumkalum (Lakelse Tsimpsean) R. Cunningham 08/04/1882 – – X Kitsumkaylum 1  O’Reilly 10/10/1891 – – X Dalk-ka-gila-quoeux 2   10/10/1891 M.D. “No. 2 A Fishery Reserve of one hundred and thirty three (133) acres, situated on the right bank of the Kitsumkaylum river about five miles from its mouth.” X    10/10/1891 Map “Fishery”    22/07/1892 F.M. “The land is of no value, but as a fishery it is highly prized, immence [sic] quantities of salmon being taken here.”  Zimagord 3   22/07/1892 F.M. “There is also a fishery here.” X Killutsal 1  O’Reilly 18/09/1893 12/02/1894 F.M. “The salmon fishery at this place is much frequented by the Indians, and game is plentiful in the adjacent country.”  Killutsal 1A  Vowell 25/09/1903 11/11/1903 F.M. “At the head of Lakelse River, and near the outlet of Lakelse Lake is an old established fishing and hunting station which has been promised to the Indians frequenting same since 1891.”  Kitselas 1 Kitselas O’Reilly 02/10/1891 20/07/1892 F.M. “containing 2110 acres; it is situated at, and includes the cañon of Kitselas where very valuable fisheries exist”  Chindimish 2  O’Reilly 06/10/1891 20/07/1892 F.M. “There is one house on this reserve, and two small fisheries.” X Chindimish 2A  O’Reilly 18/09/1893 – – X Ikshenigwolk 3  O’Reilly 06/10/1891 20/07/1892 F.M. “a fishing station of the Ik shen e gwolk river, which empties into the Skeena on its left bank” X Kshish 4A   – – X Zaimoetz 5   20/07/1892 F.M. “where large quantities of salmon are taken during the season” Page 43 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Kulspai 6   20/07/1892 F.M. “It is a fishing station much valued by the Indians.” X Ketoneda 7   – – X HAIDA Hiellen 2 Old Masset Village Council O’Reilly 13/07/1882 13/07/1882 Map “Weir” X    24/10/1882 F.M. “This was formerly the site of a large Village, as is indicated by a number of old houses, and posts, but is now only valued as a salmon fishing station, and camping ground, especially during dogfish season. The fishing traps in the river about four hundred (400) yards from its mouth are included in this reserve.”  Yagan 3   24/10/1882 F.M. “though much exposed, occupied by the Masset during the dog fish, and halibut fishing season” X Lanas 4   13/07/1882 M.D. “Fishery. The right of fishing in the ‘Ya-Koun’ river, for a distance of one (1) mile up stream from the Southeastern corner post of the Reserve (No. 4), is allotted to the Indians.”     24/10/1882 F.M. “valued as one of the principal salmon streams ... The right of fishing for a distance of one mile up stream ... is included”  Satunquin 5   24/10/1882 F.M. “Here a few sheds have been erected which are used for the purpose of drying fish, and it is valued by the Indians for this purpose.”  Ain 6   24/10/1882 F.M. “The Reserve embraces both banks of the river for a distance of ¾ mile, which will include all the fisheries of value at this place.” X    13/07/1882 Map “Weir” Yan 7   – – X Meagwan 8   24/10/1882 F.M. “an exposed fishing station” X Kose 9   24/10/1882 F.M. “a fishing station” X    13/07/1882 Map “Fishery” Naden 10   24/10/1882 F.M. “Here the Indians are in the habit of drying the fish procured at ‘Kose’ [No. 9], and elsewhere on the river.” X Kung 11   – – X Daningay 12   – – X Jalun 14   13/07/1882 M.D. “Fishery. The right to fish in the ‘Julan’ river for a distance of one (1) mile above tidal water, is reserved for the use of the Indians.”     24/10/1882 F.M. “It is only of value as a fishing, and sealing station, the ground being rocky, with but few level spots on which to erect temporary houses. Dog fish and halibut abound in the neighborhood, while in the river large quantities of salmon are obtained. I have reserved this  Page 44 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† place for the use of the Indians, the right of fishing in the ‘Ja-leen’ river for a distance of one mile above the tidal water ... fishing and sealing station” Kioosta 15   24/10/1882 F.M. “Halibut and other fish are plentiful in the neighbourhood.” Tatense 16   24/10/1882 F.M. “This reserve is permanently occupied by two families of Masset Indians, and is a favorite camping place being well sheltered, and also convenient for sealing and halibut fishing.”  Saouchten 18  Royal Comm 07/02/1916 n.d. Land Application 10 “hunting and fishing station”71 Egeria Bay 19   n.d. Land Application 11 “fishing station” Cohoe Point 20   n.d. Land Application 11 “fishing station” Yasitkun 21   n.d. Land Application 11 “fishing station” Guoyakun 22   n.d. Land Application 11 “fishing station” Naden 23  H. Cathcart72 ??/??/1928 n.d. Land Application 1 “fishing station” Mammin 25   n.d. Land Application 7 “fishing station” Skidegate 1 Skidegate O’Reilly 28/07/1882 27/10/1882 F.M. “This reserve is bounded, on the South by the land of the Skidegate Oil Co., who have erected extensive works for the production, and refining of dog fish oil. Large quantities of both fish, and oil are also bought of the Indians, but their labor is not found to be remunerative in the manufacturing branch of the business, hence white men are employed almost exclusively.”  Skaigha 2   27/10/1882 F.M. “It is a favorite resort of the Indians when fishing for halibut, and dog fish, both of which are found in the vicinity of this Reserve.” X Deena 3   28/07/1882 M.D. “Fishery. The right to fish in the ‘Deena’ river for a distance of one mile above tidal water is assigned to these Indians.” X    27/10/1882 F.M. “It is valuable only as a Salmon fishery, the greater portion of it being steep mountain side, densely covered with timber, while the remainder is a grassy saltmarsh flooded at high water. The right to fish in the Deena river, one (1) mile above tidal water is included in this reserve.”  Khrana 4   27/10/1882 F.M. “It is especially valuable to this tribe as being convenient to the halibut, herring, and dog fisheries, while its proximity to the Skidegate Oil works ensures them a ready sale for all the fish of the latter sort they can procure.”   71 This reference and the references to the Land Applications that follow appear in the table “Queen Charlotte Agency – Additional Lands Application” in the Royal Commission report. 72 This reserve and the following reserves were allotted after a federal/provincial agreement in 1928. Page 45 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Lagins 5   27/10/1882 F.M. “Here the Gold Harbour Indians obtain their supply of Salmon, and have cultivated about half an acre of potatoes.” X Kaste 6   28/07/1882 M.D. “Fishery. The right to fish in the Kaster River, is assigned to the Indians, for a distance of one (1) mile above tidal water.”     27/10/1882 F.M. “Its principal attraction is the salmon fishery. At present there are no permanent residents on this reserve, and it is only occupied during the fishing season. In addition to the land, I have further reserved to the Indians the right of fishing in the Kaste river, for a distance of 1 mile above tidal water.”  Skedance 8   27/10/1882 F.M. “The Reserve is very worthless, being entirely rocky mountain land covered with timber; about four (4) Acres have once been cultivated as potatoe patches, which is all that is available for that purpose, it is however a good halibut , and herring fishing station.”  Tanoo 9   27/10/1882 F.M. “the whole of which is worthless rocky land, though it contains a sufficient supply of good timber, its only other value being that of a fishing station” X NISGA’A73 Stony Point 10  Nisga’a (Ginglox and Laxgalt’sap) O’Reilly 20/10/1881 20/10/1881 Map “Cannery” X    25/03/1882 F.M. “it is a place of much important not only to the Nass River Nation, but also to many of the Coast Tribes, who resort there in the early Spring, during the Oolachan fishing season, for the purpose of obtaining a supply of Grease from that fish, an article much prized by the Indians. Except for the purpose of fishing, this land is of little value ... I arranged that the resident Indians should have the exclusive privilege of cultivating the land, while the rights of those who have been in the habit of fishing should not be interfered with.”  Black Point 11 Gingclox (Kincolith) O’Reilly 20/10/1881 25/03/1882 F.M. “a fishing station containing 30 Acres, on the right bank of the Nass River. Not a tree or a foot of soil can be found on it, and it is only used during the run of small fish. X    20/10/1881 Map Lachtesk 12   25/03/1882 F.M. “I reserved this land for the resident Indians of ‘Kincolith’ ... subject however to the rights of the numerous Tribes that congregate here for Oolachan fishing.” X Red Bluff 13   20/10/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing in the ‘Na nook’ river” X  73 For O’Reilly’s allotments on the Nass River, see Landing Native Fisheries, 72-76. Page 46 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report†    25/03/1882 F.M. “has a frontage of 3 ¾ miles, the greater part of which is used during the Oolachan season as a fishery, by the Indians of numerous Tribes ... The exclusive right of fishing in a small River named ‘Na- nook’ at the Westerly end of the Reserve for a distance of ¼ mile from its mouth is assigned to the Indians.”  Kincolith 14  – – X Kincolith 14A  O’Reilly 08/09/1888 07/02/1889 F.M. “The Indians were specially anxious to obtain this extension of the old reserve, as it is their intention to erect upon it a cannery.” X Kinnamax 15  O’Reilly 20/10/1881 25/03/1882 F.M. “A fishing station on the right bank, at the mouth of ‘Kinnamax’ River in the Nass Straits” X Talahaat 16  O’Reilly 08/09/1888 08/09/1888 M.D. “Fishery. The exclusive right of salmon fishing in the Kin a mas river the entire length of the reserve a distance of about half a mile.” X    07/02/1889 F.M. “Its principal value to the Indians is as a hunting, and fishing, station, and the exclusive right to fish for salmon the entire length of the reserve, about ½ mile, has been given them.”  Georgie 17   07/02/1889 F.M. “The soil is poor, and the timber on it valueless, but it is much frequented by the Indians during the fishing and hunting seasons.” X Kullan 1874   07/02/1889 F.M. “Large quantities of salmon of inferior quality are taken at the mouth of the river”  Scamakounst 19   07/02/1889 F.M. “It is only of value as a fishing, and hunting station, being on a steep mountain side, and subject to snow slides.” X Kinmelit 20   07/02/1889 F.M. “a fishing station on Salmon Cove, Observatory Inlet, contains forty five (45) acres. It is valueless for any other purpose” X Slooks 21   – – X Staqoo 22   07/02/1889 F.M. “A limited supply of salmon is obtained at the mouth of the Staqoo river.” X Ktsinet 23   07/02/1889 F.M. “It is also a good hunting station, and a small supply of salmon is taken in the bay.”  Gitzault 2475   07/02/1889 F.M. “It is a good fishing and hunting station.” X Witzimagon 2576   07/02/1889 F.M. “This reserve furnishes a good supply of cedar which is much prized by the Indians as the boxes in which the oolachan grease is stored, are made from it.”  Tackuan 26   07/02/1889 F.M. “Cedar, spruce, and hemlock are obtained here by the Indians for  74 This reserve ended up in US territory after the Alaska Boundary award, 1903. 75 Cut off by Royal Commission, 16 February 1916. 76 Surrendered and sold 4 November 1914. Page 47 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† saw logs, and for the manufacture of grease boxes.” Kshwan 27   07/02/1889 F.M. “a fishing and hunting station at the head of Hastings Arm contains one hundred and thirty (130) acres. Apart from the fishery at the mouth of the Kshwan river, this reserve is of little value being wet, and peaty, and covered with underbrush.”  Scowban 28   07/02/1889 F.M. “At this place the Indians of various tribes congregate in the winter to construct grease boxes used in the oolachan fishery. Cedar, and spruce are plentiful, both being of good quality. There is also a good halibut fishery.” X Dachlabah 30  O’Reilly 29/09/1896 – – X Anyutawl 31  Royal Comm 29/05/1916 29/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Dogfish Bay 42 (and Laxgalt’sap) Royal Comm 30/05/1916 30/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Andegulay 8 Laxgalt’sap  O’Reilly 20/10/1881 20/10/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing on the left bank of the Nass, commencing at the mouth of Andegulay slough and extending up stream ½ mile, also the fisheries in ‘Andegulay’ slough for a like distance from its mouth, are reserved.” X    20/10/1881 Map “Fishery”    25/03/1882 F.M. “The small Island ... is a valuable and favourite fishery, where an extensive drying house had been built. The Indians only frequent this place during the fishing season and for the purpose of cultivating Potatoes ... The fishery on the left bank of the Nass, commencing at the mouth of the ‘An-de-gu-lay’ slough, and extending upstream half a mile, also the fisheries in ‘An-de-gu-lay’ slough, for a like distance from its mouth, are reserved.”  Lachkaltsap 9   20/10/1881 M.D. “The old established fisheries on the Nass River within the limits of this Reserve, as also the right to fish in the various sloughs running through it are reserved for the use of the Indians.”     25/03/1882 F.M. “Besides being an excellent salmon fishery, this is the highest point at which Oolachan, or small fish is taken. The old established fisheries on the Nass River within the limits of this Reserve, as also the right to fish in various sloughs running through it, are reserved for the use of this tribe.”     20/10/1881 Map “Oolachan fisheries” Aiyansh 1 New Aiyansh O’Reilly 20/10/1881 20/10/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing in the Nass River the entire length of this Reserve and also in Chemanuc Creek is allotted to the Indians.”  Page 48 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report†    25/03/1882 F.M. “The water of the ‘Che-may-nux’ which flows parallel to the Western boundary of this land is reserved; on this stream is a valuable fishery.”  Tsimmanweenclist 2   20/10/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing in the Nass River for a distance of 2 miles upstream from this Reserve is assigned to the Indians.”     20/10/1881 Map “Fishery”    25/03/1882 F.M. “here the Indians catch large quantities of salmon during a lengthened season ... I have reserved the exclusive right of fishing on both banks for a distance of 2 miles upstream from the mouth of the Cañon.”  Seaks 3   20/10/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right of fishing in the ‘Se-aks’ River for a distance of one mile from its mouth” X    25/03/1882 F.M. “The right to fish on both banks of this stream for one mile from its mouth is reserved.”  Amatal 5   20/10/1881 M.D. “A fishing station of 4 acres situated at the upper end of a small Island opposite the Southwestern corner of No. 4, bounded on the North by the Nass River, and on the South by a slough. The exclusive right of fishing in the above mentioned slough the length of the reserve is assigned to the Indians.” X    20/10/1881 Map “Fishery”    25/03/1882 F.M. “it is simply a fishing station” Amatal 6   20/10/1881 M.D. “The right to fish in the Nass River the entire length of this reserved is allotted to the Indians.”     25/03/1882 F.M. “on the left bank, the fishery known as ‘A-ma-tal’ is reached, and here also at certain stages of the water large quantities of salmon are caught.”  Gwindebilk 51  Royal Comm 29/05/1916 29/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Stations” Gwimmauz 52   29/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Stations” Gwingag 53   29/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Stations” Gwinkbawaueast 54   29/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Stations” Kinyug 57   29/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Stations” Anokswok 59   29/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Seaks 60   29/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Stations” Quinogag 61   29/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Stations” Gitsheoaksit 68   29/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Stations” Sanklksgamal 80   29/05/1916 M.D. “fishing stations” Page 49 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Shumal Creek 81   29/05/1916 M.D. “fishing stations” Kzimeng 82   29/05/1916 M.D. “fishing stations” Aiyansh 83   29/05/1916 M.D. “fishing stations” Shumal Creek 84   29/05/1916 M.D. “fishing stations” Lakksgamal 85   29/05/1916 M.D. “fishing stations” Lakksgamal 86   29/05/1916 M.D. “fishing stations” Aiyansh 87   29/05/1916 M.D. “fishing stations” Lakksgamal 88   29/05/1916 M.D. “fishing stations” Gitwinksihlkw 7 Gitwinksihlkw O’Reilly 20/10/1881 20/10/1881 M.D. “The exclusive right to fish in the Nass River the entire length of this reserve is assigned to the Indians.”     25/03/1882 F.M. “This is one of the principal Salmon fisheries on the Nass River, where large quantities of fish are caught, and cured for home consumption, and for barter with other tribes. The exclusive right to fish the entire length of this Reserve has been assigned to the Indians.”  Gish Creek 45  Royal Comm 29/05/1916 29/05/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Stations” Amaral 46 &47   29/05/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Stations” Voilnadamtk 48   29/05/1916 M.D. “for Fishing Stations” GITXSAN Squin-lix-stat 377 Gitwangak (Kitwangar) O’Reilly 02/10/1891 02/10/1891 M.D. “No. 3 Squin-lix-stat, a fishing station of twenty five (25) acres, situated on the right bank of the Skeena river, about ten miles below Kitwangar.” X    20/07/1892 F.M. “a fishing station situated on the right bank of the Skeena” Kwa-tsa-lix 4   20/07/1892 F.M. “is a valuable fishing station ... A house has been built on each side of the river for fishing purposes.” X Tum-bah 5  O’Reilly 16/09/1893 – – X Kits-ka-haws 6   – – X Koonwats 7   09/02/1894 F.M. “a valued fishing station ... Except as a fishing station this reserve possesses no value.” X Chig-in-kaht 8   09/02/1892 F.M. “It is a profitable fishery, and is also valued by the Indians as a timber station from whence they supply fuel to the steamers.” X  77 Cut off by the Royal Commission. Page 50 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Gitanyow 2 Gitanyow (Kitwancool) Royal Comm 30/05/1916 30/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Kispaiox 178 Kispiox O’Reilly 26/09/1891 21/04/1892 F.M. “These Indians subsist principally on salmon, and are aided very materially by the proceeds of their labor during the summer, viz. freighting on the Skeena river, or working at the canneries on the coast.”  Kuldoe 1  Vowell 30/07/1898 24/09/1898 F.M. “The village of Kuldo is little more than a fishing station; it consists of ten well built log dwelling houses, and some eight smoke houses for drying salmon during the summer season ... It includes all the land that is of any use to them, and embraces their fishery, village site, potato gardens, and a sufficient area of timber land suitable for fuel, building etc.”  Quan-skum-ksin-mich- mich 4  Royal Comm 30/05/1916 30/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” “to include Indian Fishery” Gun-a-chal 5   30/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Sidina 6   30/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” “including Sidina Fishery” Kis-an-usko 7   30/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Gul-mak 8   30/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Andak 9   30/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Waulp 10   30/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Hazelton 179 Gitanmaax (Hazelton) O’Reilly 29/09/1891 29/09/1891 Map “Fishery”    18/07/1892 F.M. “The principal fishery of the band, about two miles above the town, affords large quantities of salmon, but fortunately the Indians are not so dependent on fish as formerly.”  Tsitsk 3   18/07/1892 F.M. “is of value chiefly as a salmon fishery. This fishery is also used by some of the Hagwilget band who, I am informed, pay a nominal tribute to the Hazelton Indians for the privilege.” X Kisgegas  Vowell 03/08/1898 03/08/1898 Map “Fishery” X    04/11/1899 F.M. “The fishery is situated immediately in front of the village, and appears to be a very productive one. Salmon are also taken to a lesser extent at the fisheries near the old village.”  Gitsegukla 1 Gitsegukla O’Reilly 01/10/1891 01/10/1891 Map “Fishery”  78 Renamed Kispiox 1. 79 Renamed Gitanmaax 1. Page 51 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report†    18/07/1892 F.M. “contains 1850 acres, and is situated in a cañon in which are all the principal fisheries of this band”  WET’SUWET’EN Moricetown 1 Moricetown  O’Reilly 19/09/1891 26/03/1892 F.M. “The most important fishery of this band is immediately in front of the village; here great quantities of salmon are annually taken, and at certain seasons of the year lampreys of large size are obtained.”  Hagwilget 1 Hagwilget Village O’Reilly 20/09/1891 – – X Fishing Station 1180 Cheslatta Carrier Nation Royal Comm 08/05/1916 08/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Maxim Lake 11 Wet’suwet’en (Maxim Lake) Royal Comm 08/05/1916 08/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Eastern Island 13 Nee-Tahi-Buhn (Uncha Lake) Royal Comm 08/05/1916 08/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Western Island 14  Royal Comm 13/05/1916 13/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” DAKELH Stellaquo (Stella) 1 Stellat’en O’Reilly 02/09/1892 02/09/1892 Map “Fishery”    23/02/1893 F.M. “There is an abundant supply of fish to be had in all seasons, consisting of salmon, trout and whitefish.”  Binta Lake 681  Royal Comm 08/05/1916 08/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Sinnce-tah-lah 2  Red Bluff O’Reilly 02/07/1881 02/07/1881 M.D “A reserve for fishing purposes situated on the right bank of the Fraser, directly opposite the Indian village” X    02/07/1881 Map “Fishery”    26/09/1881 F.M. “The principal fishery of this tribe is on the West bank of the Fraser immediately opposite their Village”  Dragon Lake 3   02/07/1881 M.D. “A fishery reserve” Blackwater 182 Nazko (Blackwater) O’Reilly 06/10/1892 17/04/1893 F.M. “The Indians camp on this spot during the salmon run.” X  80 Reserve sold to Alcan in 1952. 81 Renamed Binta Lake 2. 82 Cut off by the Royal Commission, 21 January 1916. Page 52 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Nahlquonate 2   06/10/1893 Map “Weir”    17/04/1893 F.M. “there is however a good salmon fishery here” Ulkah 383   17/04/1893 F.M. “The Indians obtain large quantities of inferior fish here.” X Umliisle 484   17/04/1893 F.M. “This land is used by the Indians as a hunting and fishing station” X Fishpot Lake 24  Royal Comm 09/05/1916 09/05/1916 M.D. “ fishing station” Kluskus 1 Kluskus Vowell 28/09/1901 28/09/1901 F.M. “The lake abounds in fish, trout, round fish and suckers” X Yaladelassla 4   28/09/1901 F.M. “Fish are plentiful in the lake, and salmon come up from the Fraser river but are too far spent to be of any use to the Indians, who annually go to Quesnelle to secure their supplies of that food.”  Tsachla Lake 8  Royal Comm 09/05/1916 09/05/1916 M.D. “ fishing station” Upper Kluskus Lake 9   09/05/1916 M.D. “ fishing station” Ulkatcho 1 Ulkatcho Vowell 21/09/1901 21/09/1901 Map “Fishery”    16/05/1902 F.M. “These Indians support themselves by fishing and hunting; fish are very plentiful in the numerous lakes”  Clesbaoneecheck 3 Lheidli-T’enneh (Fort George) O’Reilly 05/10/1892 27/03/1893 F.M. “This reserve is principally valued by the Indians as a salmon fishing station, they have here erected buildings for their use during the fishing and hunting season.”  Salaquo (Chilako River) 4   27/03/1893 F.M. “Here the Indians have built three houses, and cultivated some small gardens; the land is of very poor quality, and this reserve is chiefly valuable as a fishing station.” X Laketown 3 Saik’uz (Stony Creek) O’Reilly 29/08/1892 – – X Clustalach 5   29/08/1892 F.M. “a fishing station on Tachie Lake shore, about six miles from Lake town” X Noonla 6   29/08/1892 F.M. “This reserve is of great value to the Stony Creek band of Indians, being the only salmon fishery owned by them.” X Tatuk Lake 7  Royal Comm 08/05/1916 08/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Nautley (Fort Fraser) 1 Nadleh Whuten (Fraser Lake) O’Reilly 02/09/1892 02/09/1892 Map “Fish Houses” X  83 Cut off by the Royal Commission, 21 January 1916. 84 Cut off by the Royal Commission. Page 53 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report†    23/02/1893 F.M. “The fishery included in this reserve is conveniently situated on the outlet of Fraser Lake, immediately in front of the village.”  Fraser Lake 2   – – X Seaspunkut 4   – – X Canyon Lake (Ormonde Lake) 7  Royal Comm 08/05/1916 08/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Ormonde Creek 8   08/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Necoslie 1 Nak’azdli (Necoslie) O’Reilly 30/09/1892 30/09/1892 Map “Weir” X    25/03/1893 F.M. “Two small islands opposite the mouth of the Necoslie river, used for the purpose of fishing, are included in this reserve.”  Tatselawas 2  O’Reilly 20/09/1892 25/03/1893 F.M. “It is a valuable salmon fishery, much frequented by the Necoslie Indians.” X Sowchea 3  O’Reilly 30/09/1892 25/03/1893 F.M. “There is a good fishery at this place.” X Beaver Islands 8  Royal Comm 09/05/1916 09/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Stuart Lake (Hungry Island) 9    09/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Stuart Lake (Dunah Island) 10    09/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Inzana Lake 12  Royal Comm 09/05/1916 09/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Nahounlee Lake (Six Mile Lake) 13    09/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Tatsadah Lake 14   09/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Carrier Lake 15   09/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Great Bear Lake 16   09/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Page 54 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Tache 1 Tl’azt’en (includes Trembleur Lake) O’Reilly 27/09/1892 07/03/1893 F.M. “This reserve is conveniently situated both for lake and river fishing.” X Pinche 285   07/03/1892 F.M. “This is a convenient station for the catch of salmon and whitefish.”  Nancut 386   – – X Carsoosat 587   – – X Whitefish Lake 688  Royal Comm 08/05/1916  08/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Pinchie Lake 1089  Royal Comm 09/05/1916 09/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Cunningham Lake 1190  Royal Comm 08/05/1916 08/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Soyandostar 2  O’Reilly 23/09/1892 – – X Teeslee 391   – – X Stevan 492   – – X Kuz che 5   23/09/1892 Map “Fishery” X    02/03/1893 F.M. “The principal salmon fishery of the band is at this place.” Eagle Creek 693  Royal Comm 08/05/1916 08/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Ucausley 494 Yekooche O’Reilly 27/09/1892 07/03/1892 F.M. “Lake trout and whitefish are very abundant, and are taken in the outlet of Petit Lake in great numbers.” X No-cut 5 Lake Babine95 O’Reilly 19/09/1891 19/09/1891 M.D. “A small Island in the Babine river, used as a fishery, is included in this reservation.” X  85 Renamed Binche 2, Band Council resolution, 29 January 1990. 86 Renamed Ye koo che 3, Band Council resolution, 29 January 1990. 87 Renamed Carsoosat 17, Band Council resolution, 29 January 1990. 88 Renamed Bihlk’a 6, Band Council resolution, 29 January 1990. 89 Renamed Binche 10, Band Council resolution, 29 January 1990. 90 Renamed Ye Koos Lee 11, Band Council resolution, 29 January 1990. 91 Renamed Teeslee 15, Band Council resolution, 29 January 1990. 92 Renamed Tsay cho 4, Band Council resolution, 29 January 1990. 93 Renamed Bihl’k’a 18, Band Council resolution, 29 January 1990. 94 Renamed Ucausley 16, Band Council resolution, 29 January 1990. 95 See Landing Native Fisheries, 103. Page 55 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report†     Map “Weir”    26/03/1892 F.M. “A small Island in the Babine river is included in this reservation; on it there are some fish drying houses, and adjacent to it a valuable fishery”  Babine 6   26/03/1892 F.M. “Salmon in large quantities are taken in the Babine river in front of the village, and white fish and lake trout are procured in the lake during the winter.” X Tsak 9   – – X Ne-tsaw-greece 10   – – X Babine Lake 20  Royal Comm 30/05/1916 30/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Stations” Babine River 21  Royal Comm 30/05/1916 21/10/1871 O’Reilly M.D. “Lower Fishery Village”    30/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Babine River 21A  Royal Comm 30/05/1916 21/10/1871 O’Reilly M.D. “Lower Fishery Village”    30/05/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” SEKANI McLeod Lake 1 McLeod Lake O’Reilly 02/09/1892 25/02/1893 F.M. “They are good trappers and hunters, and subsist principally on fish and on game”  Carp Lake 3  Royal Comm 09/05/1916 09/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” War Lake 4   09/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” McLeod Lake 5   09/05/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” TAHLTAN Tahltan 1 Tahltan Vowell 20/06/1905 20/06/1905 Map “Fishery” X    11/09/1905 F.M. “Unlike the Indians on the coast this tribe is largely dependent on salmon as food for themselves and their dogs, and at the mouth of the Tahltan river they have a prolific fishery.”  Salmon Creek 3  Royal Comm 28/04/1916 28/04/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Upper Tahltan 4   28/04/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Tahltan Forks 5   28/04/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Dease Lake 9   28/04/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Page 56 of 56 Language group/ Regional affiliation  Reserve‡ First Nation∗ (Name as it appears in historical record where it is substantially different from the present) Commission(er) allotting  reserve, with allotment date∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Date of document identifying reserve as a fishery∗∗∗ (dd/mm/yyyy) Reference to fishery in documents creating or confirming the reserve Fisheries reference in Royal Com- mission report† Stikine River 7 Iskut Royal Comm 28/04/1916 28/04/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” One Mile Point 1 Liard (Casca) Royal Comm 28/04/1916 28/04/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” McDonald Lake 1 Taku River Tlingit (Atlin) Royal Comm 28/04/1916 28/04/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Five Mile Point 3   28/04/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Silver Salmon Lake 5   28/04/1916 M.D. “Fishing Station” Teslin Lake 7   28/04/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Jennings River 8   28/04/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” Teslin Lake 9   28/04/1916 M.D. “ Fishing Station” 

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