UBC Library and Archives

European repositories and OA Starr, Lea Katharine 2009-10-20

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European Repositories and OA Lea Starr UBC Library   2 2 Study Leave Focus • Visit key institutions in Europe • Learnt about networking and determine how collaboration has been beneficial • Learnt about successes • Learnt about challenges • Learnt about organizational structure • Learnt about work on handling data   3 3 Observations • More networking and collaboration • Funding from DRIVER, SURF, JISC • Value of OA to developing nations and Eastern Europe   4 4 Institutions Visited • Attended Bielefeld Conference – February 2009 • Georg-August Gottingen University, Gottingen, Germany • Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany • Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany • InHolland University, Alkmaar • Gent University, Gent, Belgium • JISC Conference in Edinburgh and interviewed 4 people-MRC, Durham, Southampton, Cambridge • SHERPA – Nottingham, England • SURF and Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands • ICM – WARSAW University, Warsaw, Poland • National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”, Kiev, Ukraine   5 5 DRIVER • network of relevant experts and a pan- European infrastructure for Open Access repositories • Goal is to offer -sophisticated services and functionalities for researchers, administrators and the general public • DRIVER I -> DRIVER II   6 6 DRIVER Partners • University of Athens – software development ; DELOS project • University of Bielefeld • Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche n- infrastructure support for DRIVER II • University of Nottingham • Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS -– HAL Repository; mirror ArXiv, • SURF Foundation • University of Bath; metadata standards and schema, dublin core. data work • University of Warsaw • University of Gent • Gottingen State and University Library • Danmarks Tekniske Universitet – Danish Research Database; standards • Universidade do Minho – all research papers must be self-archived • Nordna in univerzitetna knjiznica -reUse evaluation project   7 7 DRIVER II • Expansion through DRIVER Confederation • D-Net • Enhanced publications • Advanced end-user functionality • Larger outreach and advocacy • Continued repository support • Guidelines for interoperability • Open Access to European research materials   8 8 DRIVER Search • approximately 1,000,000 documents • found in journal articles, dissertations, books, lectures, reports, etc. • harvested regularly from more than 200 institutional or thematic repositories • from 23 European countries • in 25 languages.   9 9 BASE _ Bielefeld • OAI metadata from academic repository servers are collected by a so-called "harvester" and are indexed by means of FAST software • library indexes selected web sites and local data collections, which can be searched via one single search interface in one go.   10 10 Base cont • Intellectually selected resources • Only document servers that comply with the specific requirements of academic quality and relevance are included • A data resources inventory provides transparency in the searches • Searches full text plus meta data (depending on the resource) • Discloses web resources of the "Deep Web", which are ignored by commercial search engines or get lost in the vast quantity of hits. • The display of search results includes precise bibliographic data (if provided in the resource) • Several options for sorting the result list • "Refine your search result" options (authors, resources, document type, language etc.) • http://base.ub.uni-bielefeld.de/en/index.php   11 11 Goettingen State & University Library • GU Press • OA – President support December 2005 • GEODOC -1992 – not Mandatory • GEOSCHOLAR • FACT SCIENCE • Agreement with Springer and BioMed • DINI – Deutsche Initiative fuer Netzwerkinformation - founding member, development of DINI standards • DRIVER Project – PEER.  – how to get articles into repository -3 research studies – contracted out • Need a model that will work for publishers but provides the open access so that all researchers have access to research   12 12 Humboldt • E-publications work managed by Department of Library and Information Science and Computer and Media Services • Open Access -Senate • Research Database – • Journal platform for OA • National node for DRIVER • OpenAccess Statistics   13 13 University of Gent • Open Access Mandate • Partner in DRIVER – – provide mentoring/ manage Belgium network – Usability testing of new DRIVER Portal – RefWorks functionality within the DRIVER Portal – Citation linking – challenging due to PDF’s – aDORE – for non textual material • Departmental libraries so hard to get word out –really just 2 librarians • Thesis – mandate for deposit but no national program • Architecture digitization project based on discovery of Piranesi pictures- theme area for 5 years • Google Book Project – May 2007   14 14 University of Nottingham • Nottingham IR – strictly fulltext • SHERPA – ROMEO – JULIET – OpenDOAR – SHERPASearch – SHERPAPlus – Depot – DP – preservation work – InTUTE - http://www.intute.ac.uk/irs/   15 15 SURF • Works with institutions across Netherlands as well as DRIVER and JISC • Survey of repository work • Supports advocacy work • Collaborate to develop tools/incentives for faculty/researchers to participate – different faculty – different tools • Impact Factors and Citations • Statistics important • Intellectual Property – developed tools to make copyright more understandable – Copyright in Higher Ed website – youtube • Open Access – EU approach and study of cost benefits • Cream of Science/ Cream of Promise- Netherland projects   16 16 SURF Data • SHARE project • enhanced publications initially – – Boundaries – Identification within IR’s • Persistent identifiers for all parts • Technical aspects are not really a problem – issues are really around organization • Institutional or discipline based? • Need intra-operability in IR’s. • -make sure that you apply a persistent identifier whenever you want to do so.  Lots of redundancy is useful   17 17 Utrecht University • Library – print/electronic http://www.uu.nl/en/library/Pages/default.aspx • METRIS – annual report of scientific publications • Enhanced services for faculty based on IR- • Thesis and enhanced thesis   18 18 ICM - Warsaw • Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modeling • Scientific IT infrastructure in Poland • Virtual Science Library Program at ICM – Mathematic materials from 19-20 Century • Adding metadata • Semi-searchable – Negotiated with publishers; Elsevier, Springer, Bielstein and Gemelin – 1996 to current – Access via ICM platforms • Very few IR’s • OA’s –push • Creative Commons project – ministry of science provided funding incentive to small journals to move to electronic format • Biophysics group at ICM   19 19 National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy” • Ukraine – 353 universities ~ 900 institutions of higher learning • ISI – 15-18,000 journals indexed • -15 are Ukrainian • 12 IR’s – 2 more in pilot • Harvester - http://oai.org.ua • All Ukrainian journals on internet – hosted at KMA – 500 titles – Not searchable, not OAI harvestable, need metadata, working on backfiles – Can go directly and retrieve article – Need English Abstracts • Ukrainian Declaration in support of OA – May 2009 – Endorsed by 150 Librarians who will take to Rectors to get endorsement • www.library.ukma.kiev.ua/dspace   20 20 EIFL.net • Promoting access to eresources in developing world • Working on OA • http://www.eifl.net/cps/sections/home • http://www.eifl.net/cps/sections/services   21 21 Networks • Collaboration on projects that will benefit everyone – enhanced deposits • Mentoring – Belgium - repository manager group • Support for small institutions that can’t yet support own IR – The DEPOT (UK) • Working together on advocacy  - SURF creation of materials for use by institutions • Basis for interdisciplinary research • Combined database to provide opportunity for effective text mining for areas of new research – BASE, inTUTE • http://www.intute.ac.uk/irs/ • Development of common standards  - DINI • May be source of funding for start up or projects   22 22 Working with Scholars • Advocacy to gain interest is key • Repository services desired • Need to perceive benefit to self – Increased visibility of research worldwide – citations and viewing – Cream of Science – recognition – Download and update own website – Save time in research and evaluations assessment processes – Part of larger university work tracking research output • Won’t participate if adds to workload; – strive for ease of deposit to – minimize workload on library • Desire some autonomy • Need to be able to have embargoes to comply with publisher requests   23 23 Working with Scholars 2 • Lack knowledge of author rights and opportunities for self or institutional archiving – Don’t know how to work with publishers • ROMEO – Don’t know how to create Creative Commons license or use addendums such as SPARC • May lack knowledge of funder mandates • JULIET • IR must be perceived to be reliable, trusted – Researchers want their work to be in a repository that has longevity – Other materials in repository must be of quality • Mandates important but need to be enforced – Not as useful as gaining interest of researchers • Interest of senior university administrators important • Increase profile of university • Important to celebrate achievements with depositors   24 24 Data • Publicly funded so should be freely available • Lots of challenges • Common format for data not possible but are there synergies within disciplines • Should data repositories be institution specific or subject focused • Can the long term preservation of the data be ensured • Will some data need to be protected due to privacy of information, eg health data • Will data manipulation software programs also need to be preserved and migrated   25 25 Data 2 • How will metadata and keywords be provided • Pilots need to be run • Work in collaboration with research community • Data will grow exponentially • Data in many formats • Need to have persistent identifiers • Enhanced documents   26 26 Organization • No one model • Staffing usually 1- 3 people unless special funding for projects at network offices. • Trying to integrate work into regular work of library staff, promotion as well as metadata work • Most recognize that not yet at full capacity for ingestion. • Much of the work is still around advocacy   27 27 Other • desire for emphasis of published research but most repositories contain other materials • yearly intake rate low – less than 50% • most repositories have a higher proportion of metadata only vs fulltext • repositories in Europe have chosen a focus to assist with recruiting materials, eg Cream of Science, Bibliography of research output aligned with fulltext deposit, changes to copyright law in Germany, architecture engineering project in Ghent. • Need to develop tools of interest to researchers • Research assessment process could be driver • The broader the knowledge of library staff – the more effective the advocacy • Departmental interest in local repositories can contribute to raising awareness on campus • two streams – – develop tools and infrastructure that will support the vision of eScience – Work collaboratively on advocacy and education


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