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Rain Fails to Dampen Centre Opening UBC Reports 1981-06-10

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June 10, 1981 Volume 27, Number 12 I I  I 1 President I presents brief  on funding Federal  funding  support  must  be continued  to  maintain  Canada’s existing national  network of universities, UBC President Douglas T . Kenny told a  parliamentary  committee hearing briefs on  federal-provinical fiscal arrangements in Victoria  June 3. Dr. Kenny told the  seven-member task force that  federal  participation in higher-education  funding  brings  long- term  benefits  to the  nation  and is crucial to Canada’s  continued economic  and  cultural  growth. He said the federal  government  has  the responsibility of ensuring a nationwide balance of higher  educational opportunities  and scholarly capability; the  inter-provincial  mobility of university students;  support  and fostering of excellence  in  scholarship, research  and  the  advancement of knowledge;  the  maintenance of a highly qualified labor  force  and  the international  exchange of Canadian scholars with those of other  countries. to expire  next  April,  federal  support now  comes in  the  form of tax  credits and direct  cash  payments to  the provinces-with  no  stipulation  that  the money  actually be  used  for universities. In 1980-81, for example, British Columbia received $190 million in  cash  and $145 million  in  tax transfers. Under a 1977 agreement  that is due Ottawa  has  suggested  that it would like to drop  the  cash  transfer  part of the  arrangement.  The  parliamentary task force  has  held  hearings across the country  and is to report to the  federal cabinet by June 26 with recommendations  on  any  changes  in 1 ) federal policy. * Dr. Kenny, in his brief, traced the history of federal support of universities from  the  end of the  Second World  War. “The  growing  involvement of the , federal  government  in  providing financial support for  post-secondary education  has  coincided with the acceleration of social development,”  he said. against “opting  for  short-term 1 solutions which may  have  adverse long-term effects”, noting  that universities were not  internal combustion  engines  to  be  switched  on and off at will. Please turn  to  page 2 See PRESIDENT The UBC president  cautioned Official  opening of UBC’s  new  Asian  Centre  Friday  (June 5) became  an  international  affair  when  B.C.  Premier  William Bennett  inuited  Prince  Norihito of Mikasa,  a  member  of  the  royal  family of Japan,  to  join  him  in  ribbon-cutting  ceremony. On prince’s right is UBC  President  Douglas  Kenny. To   Mr.  Bennett’s left are Dean of Arts  Robert  Will,  Director of Ceremonies  Ben  Moyls  and  Chancellor J .  V .  Clyne. Rain fails to dampen Centre opening A prince  and  a  premier  shared  a pair of golden  shears  to  cut  a  blue  and yellow ribbon  on  Friday - and UBC’s magnificent new Asian Centre was officially open. Premier  William  Bennett, Foreign  students  supported Premier  William  Bennett was applauded  loudly  on  Friday when  he told an  audience of more  than 400 that  more  foreign  students  should  be admitted to British Columbia universities. “I think  that  Canadians  and  the people  at  the University should  not respond  to those who show concern but  should  be aggressive in encouraging  the  educational interchange  and  the  expansion of i t ,” Premier  Bennett  said  during his remarks  at  the  opening of the Asian Centre. Here is the  part of the  Premier’s speech  relating to visiting students: “I saw that  our  opportunities were more  than  trade as we went through countries  such as Indonesia  and  met some of the leaders of commerce, or of plants, business and  industry  and politics. “It was pleasing, Dr. Kenny, to realize that  some of these  people - one  in  particular, I can  remember - looked at  Canada  fondly  and British Columbia  in  particular,  and  the University of British Columbia - because  he was a  graduate of our University. He stressed  to  me the importance  that it  would  be short- sighted  indeed if we ever  restrict - in fact if we did  not  expand - the educational  opportunities for others to come  and  study  and  learn  with us. “I hope  this will be  a  two-way street, President  Kenny,  for it’s an immeasurable  investment,  and  an investment  in  that  type of educational exchange  worth  a few thousand dollars is worth  a  million  dollars of diplomacy later  on  in  our history. “I think  that  Canadians  and  the people at  the University should  not respond  to  those  who show concern but  should  be aggressive in encouraging  the  educational interchange  and  the  expansion of it. then, to  respond  to  these  needs and extend  those  opportunities.  But certainly we have a  great  opportunity for understanding  and for trade  and to share with one  another,  and  the universities can  be  the  leading  edge.” “It will be  a  challenge  for all of us, designated as the official ribbon- cutter, called upon His Imperial Highness  Prince  Norihito of Mikasa, nephew of the  Emperor of Japan, to share  the  duty with him.  Jointly, they snipped  the  ribbon  stretching across the  entrance causeway  to the  applause of some 400 guests. afternoon,  fortunately  during  a brief break in a  day of almost  continuous heavy rain. Although  the  weather  did  little to dampen  enthusiasm, it did force the University to  move  most of the opening  ceremony  into  the  Recital Hall of the Music  Building - packed to well beyond  normal  capacity. Chancellor J.V. Clyne, who noted that it was a  day  marked  with  “pride of accomplishment,”  introduced  the five speakers - Joseph  Whitehead, chairman of the Asian Centre  fund- raising committee;  Senator Ray Perrault , representing  the  federal government;  Prince  Norihito, who is studying law at Queen’s University in Kingston; UBC President Douglas Kenny,  and  then  Premier  Bennett. many  guests  thronged  through  the Please turn  to  page 2 See CENTRE That was at 4 o’clock in  the Following the  ribbon-cutting,  the UBC Reports June 10, 1981 Hoofing it at  a  recent  exhibit  at UBCk Museum of Anthropology  are  these  two well-known campus administrators, Prof. Michael Shaw, left, academic wice- president and provost, and museum director Dr. Michael Ames. Occasion was the  official  opening of display  entitled  “Hunt  Family  Heritage:  Contemporary Kwakiutl  Art,”  a  travelling  exhibit  from  the  National  Museum of Man, which continues  until Aug.  30. Evening was enlivened by a  pel-formance by the Hunt ~ family dancers who persuaded the two UBC officials to  don  costumes  and perform f o r  large  crowd  in  the  museum’s  great  hall. P res i d e n t continued  from  page I “They  are  delicate  institutions  that have resulted from a long accumulation of a  ‘critical mass’ of human  imagination  and  creativity. If universities are  denied  the resources to function optimally, then their ability to serve Canadian society will be hampered.” Dr. Kenny said he  supported  the brief of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, of which UBC is a  member.  The AUCC brief said  that  education is a  national investment and  that any  precipitous changes in the  post-secondary  funding will be  disasterous  to Canadian universities; that  the present arrangements of unconditional transfers  may  not  be  the best means by which the  federal  government  can provide visible and  accountable financial  support  to  Canadian universities; and  that  changes  in  the block funding of the  Extended Programs  Financing  act would be welcomed. To that  end he  presented  his own personal proposal as an  alternative which would  give credit  to  the  federal role  in the  financing of higher education. In  making his proposal  to  have  the federal  government give direct  tuition grants to university students,  Dr. Kenny said he was assuming  that  the tax  transfer  part of the 1977 agreement would be  continued,  that the  federal  government  should  be responsible  for  a  fixed percentage of the  operating costs of universities and that  students  should be hTven a country-wide  choice in higher education. should always pay part of the cost of their  education,  tuition fees should never equal  the full cost of a university education, “since society gains  more by higher  education  than does the individual.” He also said that  although  students The UBC president  said his proposal would also ensure  that all provincial governments  supported  higher education.  The first step in determining what Ottawa  might contribute via tuition  grants would be for each  province  to make known its total  operating  grant to its system of higher  education. should set its tuition fees and determine all operating  expenditures for the  year. The  third  step would be for the federal  government  to  determine its “visible and  accountable”  contribution to the  total  operating costs of all of the universities. This  contribution would be a fixed percentage, tied to growth of the Gross National  Product (GNP). The final  step  in  the  sequence,  Dr. Kenny said, would be  for Ottawa  to make  a  Federal  Tuition  Grant  (FTG) to  each  student  enrolled in  a university, the size of the  grant to  be determined by the  number of students and  the  total  federal  contribution relative to provincial grants  and fee revenue. Next, he said,  each  institution UCB’C system of funding criticized 2 A  special committee of  UBC’s Senate  has  called  for  a  significant revision  of the  formula used by the Universities Council of B.C. to  allocate operating  grants  among B.C.’s three public universities. The  committee, in  its  report  to  the May meeting of Senate, said UBC is seriously underfunded because the way in which the  formula is applied  results in  a  distribution of funds which “totally  ignores the differences  in relative costs inherent in  different programs,  many of the  more costly of which are  unique  to  UBC.” Centre continued f7om  page 1 four-storey  building  that is noted  for its distinctive  roof. The  high,  pyramidal  roof, with an elaborate raised  skylight, is supported by girders that were a gift to the University from  the Sanyo Corporation of Japan.  The  girders were  used to support  the roof  of the Sanyo  pavilion at Expo ’70 in  Osaka and arrived on campus  the following  year. Construction of the Asian Centre began in  1974 and  the first  phase was completed in 1975. Original funding came  from  the Province of British Columbia,  the  Government of Canada,  the  Japanese  Federation of Economic Organizations,  the  Japanese World Exposition and a  fund-raising campaign  supported by both Asian and  Canadian  interests. Escalating costs and  more difficult economic  times  delayed  completion of the  structure, however, the provincial government  finally  making  the  job possible by authorizing  additional funding in 1979. Total cost, including furnishing and  landscaping, was $5.4 million. President Kenny said  during his remarks on Friday that  an occasion such  as the opening of the Asian Centre “causes a  lifting of the  heart and  the  mind  throughout  the whole community. But more  than  that, nothing is more  stirring  than  the reminder  that  humanity is one  race, with one  destiny.” “ I  am convinced that  our Asian Centre will become an invaluable national asset which will serve the cause of mutual  understanding between Canada  and  Asia,”  Dr. Kenny <aid. “So let i t  be said that Asians and Canadians, working  together  to  bring about  the Asian Centre, have achieved today  a new era of co-operation  and commitment. “Our  children will inherit  our mutual success,’’ President Kenny concluded. Department of Asian Studies,  the Institute of Asian Research and  the Asian Studies Library.  There is also space  for  the Asian interests of UBC’s Departments of Music, Fine Arts and Theatre. West Mall, right next to the Nitobe Garden,  surrounded by a classical Japanese  garden of its own.  This landscaping was completed by Roy Sumi,  landscape  consultant  to architect Donald Matsuba. Mr. Sumi was gardener in the  Nitobe  Garden  for many years. Occupying  the  building  are UBC’s The Asian Centre is located  just off Data  compiled by the  committee show that “UBC  would  have received about  $12.5 million more  in  1980-81 than it actually did” if the  formula 4 had  been  applied in  such  a way that the distribution of funds among the I three universities was in proportion to ‘ the relative  cost-weighted,  full-time equivalent  student  enrolments. The  data also show,  the  report adds,  that  on  the  average  “UBC received 16 per cent less than UVic and 22 per  cent less than SFU per 1 WFTE  (cost-weighted  full-time equivalent  student) over the last three years. There  are two fundamental reasons for  the  inequitable  allocation of funds, the  report  continues. that  economies of scale are possible at UBC because of higher  enrolments. “At  a university like UBC,”  the  report says, “which offers a wide range of specialized undergraduate,  graduate and professional programs  requiring special  facilities and  frequently with relatively small  enrolments,  there  are few costs which depend only on  the size of the university. assumption  implicit  in  this  formula , that  large  economics of scale are \ possible at UBC is ill-founded.” The second  assumption  centres on inclusion in  the  formula of one special cost factor - SFU’s trimester  system. The LJCBC formula does  not recognize that UBC operates  many academic  programs  on  a  year-round basis, the  report says, and  o 4 allowance is made  for  additional UBC operating costs arising  from  the relative  age of its  buildings and  the operation of a  comprehensive  library that serves as a  province-wide resource. with four  specific recommendations. These call for: Dropping the ‘head count’ factor from  the  allocation  mechanism  “until The first of these is an assumption 1 * i “It is our  conclusion  that  the The committee  concludes  its  report there is good  empirical  evidence for I 5 substantial economies of scale in B.C. universities”; An allowance to be made for sprinl and  summer sessions at UBC and UVi if such an allowance is to continue for SFU; Full recognition to be given to the cost-weighted  FTE  measure in the allocation mechanism; and The phasing  in of changes over a reasonable  period. Operating grant up 11.83 per cent UBC’s general  purpose  operating grant for 1981-82 has been set at $157,477,000 by the Universities Council of B.C.,  an increase of 11.83 per  cent over the  1980-81  general purpose  operating  grant. The University’s total  operating grant is $161,050,000,  an  increase of 12.37  per  cent.  The  total  grant includes  just over $3.5  million that must  be used for  designated  purposes. Wages and salaries are  paid  from  the general  purpose grant. The general  purpose  operating grant  for  the University of Victoria is up  13.9  per  cent,  and  Simon Fraser University’s is up  11.63  per  cent. J


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