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Digital Libraries & K-12 Uses of Primary Sources : A UBC Library Study Fields, Erin; Musser, Peter 2018

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Erin Fields, UBC LibraryPeter Musser, SLAIS MLIS StudentAdvertising card depicting three children playing croquet [1919]Duhamel du Monceau, M., 1700-1782, FIsheries 1782The use of primary sources in classrooms has many benefits and can foster discussion, encourage high-level thinking, and allow students to engage in the historical research process by actively interpreting the past. To broaden the reach and impact of the proposed BC Historical Documents Project and of our current and past projects, we hope to bring our collections into K-12 classrooms across British Columbia in a way that promotes inquiry and critical thinking, and creates connections between students and the past.  With the increase of open education resources and the need to prepare students with core 21st century competencies the way to reach our audience requires an investigation into the use of digital environments for identification, analysis, adaptation, and retention of historical resources for the instruction of students.  Historically museums, art galleries, and archives have engaged students by fostering a personal connection to materials by providing face-to-face, hands-on activities and events.  This type of learner-centred experience needs to be reflected in an online environment.  This proposal seeks to investigate an open online education tool that will support teachers, and the broader community, in use of the BC Historical Documents in the classroom.Project Proposal (Version 21/07/2017) , Open Education Environment - BC Historical Digitization Project Proposal. Research DesignInterviewsDigital Primary Tool EvaluationSimulated Task ScenariosSurvey Literature Review●●●●●●●●●. SurveySurvey Results------------Tool Evaluation Evaluation Results - Common FunctionalitySearch functionality - search bars, filters, graphic search resultsSearching as Learning - provided institution-curated content, topic-based metadata (broader and narrower), linked metadataLearning Functionality - designed for student use, designed to facilitate engagement with primary sources, a “shopping cart,” low learning curve, placing the primary source in wider historical contextSafety/Security/Privacy - HTTPS was a major weakness Usability & Other - Clean & fast interfaces, minimal jargon, consistent style across platform. Free!Top ToolsHistorica Canada NARA DOCSTeach Smithsonian Learning LabAssessment - Part 1Simulated Work Task Scenario “...a short textual description that presents a realistic information requiring situation that motivates the test participant to search the [information retrieval] system.” (Borlund 2016 p. 395)Task: Use UBC Open Collections to find digital primary sources to use in lesson plans covering discriminatory policies against Asian Canadians (e.g. Chinese head tax, Japanese internment) for social studies students at your grade level. Functionally, a supervised usability test of UBC Open Collections. Results are still being analysed. 9 participants grades 4 through 12Average 9 ¾ years teaching experienceHigh: 28 years Low: 1 ½ yearsSimulated Work Task Scenario - ResultsStill being analyzed, but broadly:- Users expect Open Collections to function like Google (it doesn’t)- Searching for general terms like “head tax”- Frustration with nothing apparently meaningful in the first few pages of the results- Delayed recognition of filters- Users have domain and topic knowledge- They know dates, places, and ideas and apply these to their searches- Users have preference for images over text in search results- A thumbnail of a photo is more likely to be received positively than the cover of a book- Object metadata that shows up in search results (title, collection, publish date) wasn’t well-received; teachers would have preferred a narrative description- Images are sought as a way to reinforce the teacher’s knowledge or student’s interestAssessment - Part 2InterviewsA qualitative "approach" is a general way of thinking about conducting qualitative research. It describes, either explicitly or implicitly, the purpose of the qualitative research, the role of the researcher(s), the stages of research, and the method of data analysis.Descriptive |  InVivo  |  Process |  Simultaneous  | PatternsInterview ThemesSTUDENT EXPERIENCES …Interview Themes CONSTRAINTS & BARRIERS Interview Themes - Digital Literacies…CONSTRAINTS & BARRIERS Interview Themes - Search System…… …CONSTRAINTS & BARRIERS Interview Themes - Electronic Display…CONSTRAINTS & BARRIERS Interview Themes - EmotionalCONSTRAINTS & BARRIERS Interview ThemesINFORMATION NEEDS ……Now What?Initial Impressions - Peter●●●●Source: Uno Langmann CollectionInitial Impressions - Erin ●●●ResourcesUBC Open Collections: Sources for K-12 Educators LibGuide: Education Library: Contact us: Erin Fields ( and Peter Musser ( Chung Collect, Vancouver, B.C. 1929Thank You!Questions?Bibliography●●●  ●  ● ●●●●●●●●●●●●●●●●●●●●●


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