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The Politics of Electronic Publishing: New Developments in Scholarly Communication & Publishing Kirchner, Joy 2009

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Publishing Trends in the Digital Erapreetatio by Joy Kirchnr is licensedundr  Creative Como Atributio-Nocomercil-Share Alike 2.5 CandaLicense 1>� ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ?	 >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?>� ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?>� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?>� ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� >� >� >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ?>� ? ? ? ? >� >� >� >� >� >� >� >� >�Joy KirchnerPrjet Mager, Scholarly Comunications &Scincs Colctions Librian fr Siee (STM)LibraieUnivrsity of Britsh Columbia Libray2What is cholarly comunications?3New DevlopmentsAuthor ights & copyrightOpen Aces  Oen Aces MandatesNw modls of scholarly publishig &scholarly cmunitinInstiutional repositories>� ? ? >�???? ????? ??>�? ?? ? ?5Public grantig aencies and universites fundresah vi xdolarFaculty meber does the rsearch, writesthe ricl/ok,aninialy ownstcopyightPublishers require authors to sign over theircopyrigtintnfr publicati>� ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ?>� ? ? >� ? ? ? >� ? ? ?	 ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ?	 >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?6Faculty genraly provide their work to thepblishr for fre:Articles, boks, ditorial board services, perreviw rviceFaculty often pay page charges to the publisherfor articl publictionLater, publishers may charge faculty reprintfes (after al, t publisr owns th coyright)Publishing Trends in the Digital Erapreetatio by Joy Kirchnr is licensedundr  Creative Como Atributio-Nocomercil-Share Alike 2.5 CandaLicense 27Publishers el scholarly journal subscriptions/license tonivrit (via libies)The publishing industry is worth bilions of dolars with ugeprofitmaris(apliemtly oSTM publishe)Enorous impact on scholarly bok publishing industry16. bilin i revue in 206;5.8 ilio (36%) arnd by top :Elsevir, Kluwer Helth, Sringer, American Chemical Society,Wily/Blackl (mrged i 207)Publishing in prestigious journals related to tenure &promtioCitaion rates related to tenure/promtionLibraies provide aces to and presrve contet -aces isrestictdt faculty, tudets,taf of UBC adfrequntlywalk-in usersA resarcher discovers the prfect article. Shecliks on fultxt and gts ……she gts what she wants but now ants to pst on her websitefor a tudent reding lit, hare ith  cleagueat nothr istiutio.  Is  prmited o this? What bout he author? Is the author?The Onlie PardoxWeb removedarirsby providingglbal,cesible,relile, afordalntworkBut more bariersapad fo ue ofteril•license rstrictionsdtrmind use,•los of air dealingprviins for liecontet,•prohibitve costCPI up 57%Average srialpic up27%Average bokpic up65%>� ? ? >�>� ??? ???? ? ??>�>� ? ? ? ? ?>� ? ? ? ?>�>� ? ? ? ? >� ?	 ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ?>� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >�>� ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?>� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� >� >� >� >�>� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? >� ?	 ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ?A� >� >� ? ? ???? ????Copyright/licensigPermision bariers -torstrictiveTo costly – therforerestritiveExisting models do ntencourae fr flw fifrtion sharing.Publishing Trends in the Digital Erapreetatio by Joy Kirchnr is licensedundr  Creative Como Atributio-Nocomercil-Share Alike 2.5 CandaLicense 313What bout he author? Can the Author share his article with others, arcive (pst) is rticle o  wbsite r  rpoitory?Is the author?Author RightsandCopyright15Copyright & Copyright ransfer agrements(ubliser agrements)Author has copyright unles it is igned over tosomene leCopyright ransfer agrements/publisheragrementsSome or al rights igned over (copyright is a bundle of rights)16Journal of Comonwealth LiteratureSage PublicatinMandated OA17Sage Journal Contributor’s AgrementAuthor RightsPost a version (ot published SAGE version) i a repository,reue in futre publication aftr 12 month, shr photcopy for tahing eds or n, a idividual basi,sare with ther esarchr n a ot-fr-profit i.Author etains copyright … but grants SAGE exclusive right o publish forte fl lgl term f copyright18Victorian Literature and CultreCambridge Univrsity PrsPublishing Trends in the Digital Erapreetatio by Joy Kirchnr is licensedundr  Creative Como Atributio-Nocomercil-Share Alike 2.5 CandaLicense 419American Asociation f AustralinLitry StudieBLUE Publisher20Tols for Authors: Author AdendaSPARC andian Author Adendumhtp:/w.crl-abrc./projects/author/author-e.htlMIT Amendment o Publication Agrementhtp:/info-librais.it.ed/scholrly/mit-cpyriht-adment-form/Scholar’s Copyright Adendum Engietp:/sciencemons.org/projcts/pblishi/sca/JISC/URF Copyright Tolboxhtp:/copyrightlbx.surf.nl/cpyrightlbox/authors/21Scholar’s Copyright Adendum Engie Creative Comons License23>� ? ? ? >�>� ? ? ? ? ? >�>�>� ? ? ? >�>� ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ?? ? ??? ?Open Access Mandates>� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� >� >� ?	 ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? >� ?	 ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?In Canda: in Istiutes of Health Resarch (CIHR) – as of Jan 1, 208:Resarch mut b dpitd in a Intiutional epitry or Pubmed Centralwitin 6 onths of ublictio.(SHRC, NSERC …)Elsewher worldwie:As of Octber 1, 206, al Welcome Trust funde resarch must be dposited inPubMed Cntral:U.S. National Instiutes of Health (NIH) – deposited in OA within 12 months ofpublicti  of April 7, 208.Fedral Resarch Public Aces Act of 206 (Senate Bil 2695)U.K. House of Comons Science & Technolgy ComiteEuropean Unio & DAREnetPublishing Trends in the Digital Erapreetatio by Joy Kirchnr is licensedundr  Creative Como Atributio-Nocomercil-Share Alike 2.5 CandaLicense 5>� ? ? >� >� ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? >�Resarch results are paid for twice over by public tax dolars:er grnt/fculty salrisJournal subscriptionsAces to resarch is restricted to instiutions that can ford thejournalPblic Aces to informationAuthors right restrictinsCnflict of intrtEg. Smith R (205) Medical Journals Are an Extension f the MarketingAr of Pharmacutil Cmpie. PLoS Md 2(5): e138 Publishd:May 17, 205Technolgical dvancemnt … new authoring & publishingt loiesPresure for change:132 PROVST suport Open Aces:htp:/w.arl.org/sparc/advcay/fra/instiutions.html“If universites pay the salries of resarchers and provide them with labs, and the fderalgovermnt rovid to ach wit grts f tir studies, wy houl tossa uiversites fel they can’t ford to have ace to earch findigs?”htp:/insidhigrd.com/nws/206/07/28/prostResarchers are puting presure on Societis:(.g. Royl Socity mbrs); PLoS’ On letr: htp:/w.plos.rg/uport/penlter.shtmlOA publications are more often cited:Eysenach G. Citti dvntage f pn acs articles. PLoS Biol 206;4(5):e157.27Faculty Mandates: ie. Harvrd’s OA Policy>� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ?29Student Activism>� ? ? >� >� ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? >� A�>� ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?Directory of Open Aces JournalsBiomd Central -189 per-eviwed open acesPublic Libry of Scinc (PLOS):Fre Medical JuralsPub CentrlUBC’s Public Kowledge Project: OJSPublishing Trends in the Digital Erapreetatio by Joy Kirchnr is licensedundr  Creative Como Atributio-Nocomercil-Share Alike 2.5 CandaLicense 6>� ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ?American Chemical Societyerican Istiute of PhysicAmri Phyical ScietBMJ (Brits MedilJournal)BlackwelCmbridg University PresElsevirOxford University PresRyal Socity (UK)SAGE OpenpringrTaylor and FrancisPublishers ofering article by article payment for penaceibilty32Traditonal subscriptionce modelOpen Aces Publishing32 Paths to Open Acesmanuscrit ….Open Aces journal(Directory of Open Aces Journals)Open aces copyin onlie archive(cIRcle; SRN)Traditonal subscription ce jornalsArticles can be made OA by publishing in an OA jourl or rchiving OA copie from  trditnal publiatio goldOpen Aces PublishingNw Modl of ScolarlyPublishinggren3435IR’s around the world …36Subject Disciplinary RepositoriesarXiv.org:Open aces to 419,85 e-prints in Physic, Mathematics, Computer Science and QuantiativeBiolgyPubmed Central:Fre igital rchive of biomedical nd life sciences journal iterature at he U.S. National Instiutesof Halth (NIH)Social Science Resarch Network:il i  r etork (SRN) is devoted to the rapid worldwie disemination fsocial science rsearch and is cmposed of a numbr f spcilize resarch ntworks i eachf the oial sins.NELCO Legal Scholarship RepositoryConsortium of 10 (law col) instiutinThe Alexandria Archive Instiute htp:/w.alexandriarchive.org/ l ri riv Instiute works to build n op, Iternt-basd, knowledge comons ofworld cultral heritage. Iclds dcumentatio f archaolgicl n related rsarh, icludig:reprts, obsrvtions, maps, plan, alys, digitl files nd images of xcvations nd srveysPublishing Trends in the Digital Erapreetatio by Joy Kirchnr is licensedundr  Creative Como Atributio-Nocomercil-Share Alike 2.5 CandaLicense 737 38>� ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ?	 >� ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ?	? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?>� ? ? ? ? >� ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?Open Source TxtboksOpen Dat Eductionpen AesOpen aces “flavors”Gold nd grenBack isus opHybrid open acesPulic Notin of authorship & scholarlypublishig is rapidly evoling>� ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?>� ? ? >� ? ? ? ? >� ? ?	 >� A� ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? A� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? >� ? >� ?	 ? ? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >�>� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? >� ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? >� ?	 ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >�? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >�? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ?	 ? ? ? ? ? >� A�>� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ?	 ? ? >� ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ? ? >� ? ? ?	 ? >� ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ?	? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >�? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ?	 ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >�>� ? ? ? A� ? >� ? >� ? ? ? >� ? ? ? ? ? >�Internt enabledNw grs: nw forms of presntation, ewinformatio bledsNew de fr interaction busins modlsNew relatioships t per eviw42>� >� >� >� >� ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? >� A� >� A� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ?	 >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? A�htp:/w.arl.org/bm~doc/urent-models-report.pdfHiglights fr the stdy's fiings include:While some disciplines em to lend themselvs to certain formats of digitalresourc or tha othrs, xapls of inoativ souces cn be foundacrs the umnite, ocil sciences, ad scientif/thial/mdicalsubject ars.Most original scholarly work operates under some form of per eviw oreditial overigt.Some of the rsources with greatst impact are those that have ben around alng wil.Some rsources erv ery large audiences, ome are smal & tailored to nichegrup.Inovations relating to multiedia contet and Web 2.0 functionality apear insme.Projects of al sizes-especialy open-aces ites and publications-employ arang f uport tratgis in th srh for fincil stibilty.Fculty choices,original, slrl,valtedPublishing Trends in the Digital Erapreetatio by Joy Kirchnr is licensedundr  Creative Como Atributio-Nocomercil-Share Alike 2.5 CandaLicense 843Top Reasons Faculty Use New Models1. Provides aces to curent resarch2. Faciltates xchanges among scholars3. Suplies ueful co-lcation f works4Disciplinary DiferncesHumanites & Social SciencesoMor oftn cited the valu of models that fciltate xchange of ideas- E-nly jurals most comnly cit gnre, then discusio forumsSTMoore often cited the value of models that provide aces to new resarch- Mr ft it t l f dat sit & e-only jurnalsFaculty at l stages of their carer are xperimentig with new models45Preprints & working paersNew distribution model; per eviw46E-only journalsExperiments with new per eviw models47Discusion Forumshtp:/w.h-france.nt/forum/h-franceforum.htl48BlogsUse of Web 2.0 technolgies; New mode of interactionhtp:/rarchloging.org/Publishing Trends in the Digital Erapreetatio by Joy Kirchnr is licensedundr  Creative Como Atributio-Nocomercil-Share Alike 2.5 CandaLicense 949Encyclopedias, dictionaries, anotated contentDynamic, onstantly updated, in progres50Encyclopedias, dictionaries, anotated content New genre/ new information blend?51Categories?  -- ornew genres/information blends?52Category? Book? Blog?-- or new genre?53Professional & Academic HubsNew Genres/New information blends? cotainrs fr cntet (also fr torage & interface)Notin that information is harvestableCa be rpursed, repckgd from wherver it exist…New groupings of information hubs54Dat SourcesPublishing Trends in the Digital Erapreetatio by Joy Kirchnr is licensedundr  Creative Como Atributio-Nocomercil-Share Alike 2.5 CandaLicense 10>� >� >� >� >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ?Infrastructre Suport for New ModelsIR – IRlE-journal Hosting using PK’s OJS softwareDigitztin prjectUBC Libray Suports meberships to OApublictionsPLOS, BMC,DOAJScholarly Comunication Stering ComiteEngaing in ResarchEnvironmental Scan of SC activites on ur campusNew Publishing Models StudyARL, UBC Libray, Cornel University Libray and the Universityof Washington Libray -Ithak ponorship.Purpose f the project:Larn how faculty/rsearchers are involed in ew models ofscholrsip on 4 cmpusDevl a dtabse of new models>� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ? ? ? ? ? ?>� ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?Began March 208, includes:fculty, librains, a othr takeholdersMandate includes:cosidrig a long term view of isues/trends in scholarlypublihin nd sutainbilty f nw modlFaciltating formalized iscusion ad eucation f thes isueswith fculty, resrch and pblishig constiecies on urcamps.In dicusions with Ofice of Resarch Services & others about seting upifrastrtre uport fr th CIH mndatJournl Editors FrumPartership with UBC Pres>� ? ? ? ? ? ? >� >� ? ?	 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?Joy KirchnerProject Mangr, ScholarlyComuicatins&Sciences Colections Librain for Science(STM) iries(604) 827-364 joy.kirchner@ubc.a

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