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Open-source software for archives : Archivematica and ICA-AtoM McLellan, Evelyn 2011-10-26

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Open-source software for archives: Archivematica and ICA-AtoM Evelyn McLellan Systems Archivist Artefactual Systems Inc.  UBC Open Access Week 2011  Open-source software     Open-source software (or “free and open-source software”) is software which can be freely used, modified and redistributed through access to its source code. A number of different types of licenses govern the use of the software. But the core is that the code can be freely modified and redistributed.  Developing open-source software   The business model: –  get paid to develop the software  –  give the software away for free  –  make all documentation freely available  –  sell services around supporting the software • • •  consulting data migrations installation, technical support services  Advantages and disadvantages     Advantages: –  development is a collaborative effort  –  the community benefits from our efforts  –  we feel good  Disadvantages: –  we don't make any money selling software  –  we can be forked  –  some organizations don't want OS software  What are we developing?     Digital preservation system: Archivematica Web-based archival description and access system: ICA-AtoM  The digital preservation problem   The complexity of digital information    Rapid technological change    Lack or loss of adequate metadata    Incompatible, obsolete, obscure or proprietary file formats    Fragility of digital storage media    The volume of digital information    Lack of responsibility and resources  ISO 14721: Open Archival Information System  OAIS definitions   Submission Information Package (SIP)     Archival Information Package (AIP)     A body of digital objects and associated metadata transferred from the Producer  A package derived from the SIP containing the digital objects and associated metadata that is preserved in the digital preservation system  Dissemination Information Package (DIP)   A package derived from the AIP containing digital objects and associated metadata delivered to the consumer  What does OAIS tell us to do?       Ingest a SIP   Accept a SIP from a Producer    Prepare an AIP  Preserve the AIP   Ensure that the objects are securely stored    Ensure the ongoing ability to access and use the objects  Disseminate the objects  What is Archivematica?       Archivematica is a comprehensive digital preservation system. Archivematica uses a micro-services design pattern to provide an integrated suite of free and open-source tools that allows users to process digital objects from ingest to access in compliance with the ISO-OAIS functional model. Archivematica implements media type preservation plans based on an analysis of the significant characteristics of file formats.  Where did Archivematica come from?   Artefactual Systems    City of Vancouver Archives    UNESCO Memory of the World    International Monetary Fund Archives    Rockefeller Archive Center    University of British Columbia Library    Simon Fraser University Archives    ?  PODS: Permanent Objects, Disposable Systems             Pile o' stuff gets accessioned by an archives The archivist appraises, organizes, adds descriptive metadata, makes a nice Submission Information Package (SIP) The SIP is ingested into Archivematica Archivematica creates a package which includes the original objects, any normalized versions, and large quantities of descriptive, technical and preservation metadata: the Archival Information Package (AIP) The AIP conforms to international standards, is self-contained and interoperable – a permanent object which can be managed in Archivematica or another disposable system Archivematica creates a Dissemination Information Package (DIP) for upload into the access system  ICA-AtoM         The DIP gets uploaded to ICA-AtoM ICA-AtoM: International Council on Archives: Access to Memory The archivist enhances descriptive metadata as needed The digital objects are displayed with their descriptive metadata in the context of a hierarchical archival arrangement  Attribution Title: Open-source software for archives: Archivematica and ICA-AtoM Creator: Evelyn McLellan, Artefactual Systems Inc. Date: October 26, 2011  The original content in this presentation is Copyright Artefactual Systems Inc. 2011. The general public may freely re-use this content under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 license  


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