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Open-source software for archives : Archivematica and ICA-AtoM McLellan, Evelyn 2011

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    Open-source software for archives: Archivematica and ICA-AtoM Evelyn McLellan Systems Archivist Artefactual Systems Inc.  UBC Open Access Week 2011Open-source software  Open-source software (or “free and open-source software”) is software which can be freely used, modified and redistributed through access to its source code.  A number of different types of licenses govern the use of the software. But the core is that the code can be freely modified and redistributed.Developing open-source software  The business model: – get paid to develop the software – give the software away for free – make all documentation freely available – sell services around supporting the software • consulting • data migrations • installation, technical support servicesAdvantages and disadvantages  Advantages: – development is a collaborative effort – the community benefits from our efforts – we feel good  Disadvantages: – we don't make any money selling software – we can be forked – some organizations don't want OS softwareWhat are we developing?  Digital preservation system: Archivematica  Web-based archival description and access system: ICA-AtoMThe digital preservation problem  The complexity of digital information  Rapid technological change  Lack or loss of adequate metadata  Incompatible, obsolete, obscure or proprietary file formats  Fragility of digital storage media  The volume of digital information  Lack of responsibility and resourcesISO 14721: Open Archival Information SystemOAIS definitions  Submission Information Package (SIP)  A body of digital objects and associated metadata transferred from the Producer  Archival Information Package (AIP)  A package derived from the SIP containing the digital objects and associated metadata that is preserved in the digital preservation system  Dissemination Information Package (DIP)  A package derived from the AIP containing digital objects and associated metadata delivered to the consumerWhat does OAIS tell us to do?  Ingest a SIP  Accept a SIP from a Producer  Prepare an AIP  Preserve the AIP  Ensure that the objects are securely stored  Ensure the ongoing ability to access and use the objects  Disseminate the objectsWhat is Archivematica?  Archivematica is a comprehensive digital preservation system.  Archivematica uses a micro-services design pattern to provide an integrated suite of free and open-source tools that allows users to process digital objects from ingest to access in compliance with the ISO-OAIS functional model.  Archivematica implements media type preservation plans based on an analysis of the significant characteristics of file formats.Where did Archivematica come from?  Artefactual Systems  City of Vancouver Archives  UNESCO Memory of the World  International Monetary Fund Archives  Rockefeller Archive Center  University of British Columbia Library  Simon Fraser University Archives  ?PODS: Permanent Objects, Disposable Systems  Pile o' stuff gets accessioned by an archives  The archivist appraises, organizes, adds descriptive metadata, makes a nice Submission Information Package (SIP)  The SIP is ingested into Archivematica  Archivematica creates a package which includes the original objects, any normalized versions, and large quantities of descriptive, technical and preservation metadata: the Archival Information Package (AIP)  The AIP conforms to international standards, is self-contained and interoperable – a permanent object which can be managed in Archivematica or another disposable system  Archivematica creates a Dissemination Information Package (DIP) for upload into the access systemICA-AtoM  The DIP gets uploaded to ICA-AtoM  ICA-AtoM: International Council on Archives: Access to Memory  The archivist enhances descriptive metadata as needed  The digital objects are displayed with their descriptive metadata in the context of a hierarchical archival arrangementwww.archivematica.org www.ica-atom.orgThe original content in this presentation is Copyright Artefactual Systems Inc. 2011. The general public may freely re-use this content under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non- Commercial-Share Alike 3.0 license Attribution Title: Open-source software for archives: Archivematica and ICA-AtoM Creator: Evelyn McLellan, Artefactual Systems Inc. Date: October 26, 2011

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