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Developing the Cycling Route Planner: innovative tools for healthy travel Brauer, Michael 2010-10-18

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Developing the Cycling Route Planner Innovative tools for healthy travel  Michael Brauer Open Access Week 2010 October 18, 2010  www.cher.ubc.ca/cyclingincities/  cycling in cities  The cycling ‘near market’ survey • Adults Metro Vancouver • 2,149 completed telephone interview  1,402 completed web/mail questionnaire  regular cyclists: cycle at least weekly 2.4% of population, ~40,000 adults  frequent cyclists: cycle at least monthly 9.9% of population, ~160,000 adults occasional cyclists: cycle at least yearly 12.7% of population, ~200,000 adults  potential cyclists: cycle at least weekly 6.2% of population, ~100,000 adults  other adults, 68.8% of population ~1,100,000  Winters M, Davidson G, Kao D, Teschke K. Motivators and deterrents of bicycling: comparing influences on decisions to ride. Transportation. 2010. DOI 10.1007/s11116-010-9284-y  most positive influences on decisions to cycle  cycling in cities  (top 15 of 73)  LIKELIHOOD OF CYCLING 1= much more likely 0= no influence -1 = much less likely all participants  regular cyclists  occasional cyclists  potential cyclists  The route is away from traffic noise & air pollution  0.8  0.8  0.8  0.7  The route has bicycle paths separated from traffic for the entire distance  0.7  0.8  0.7  0.6  The route has beautiful scenery  0.7  0.7  0.7  0.6  Cycling to the destination takes less time than traveling by other modes  0.6  0.7  0.6  0.5  The route is flat  0.6  0.6  0.6  0.6  The distance to my destination is less than 5 km  0.5  0.6  0.5  0.5  Secure indoor bike storage  0.5  0.6  0.5  0.5  I can take my bike on the SkyTrain at any time  0.5  0.6  0.5  0.4  A 2-way off-street bike path has a reflective centre line for night & poor weather cycling  0.5  0.6  0.5  0.4  I can make the trip in daylight hours  0.5  0.5  0.5  0.5  Covered bike racks, to protect from rain  0.5  0.5  0.5  0.5  Information about cycling routes to the destination is available  0.5  0.5  0.5  0.4  The route has bike signage, pavement markings & bike activated signals on residential streets  0.5  0.6  0.4  0.4  The bus has racks that carry bikes  0.5  0.6  0.4  0.4  A web-based trip-planning tool is available  0.5  0.5  0.4  0.4  Winters M, Davidson G, Kao D, Teschke K. Motivators and deterrents of bicycling: comparing influences on decisions to ride. Transportation. 2010. DOI 10.1007/s11116-010-9284-y  trip planning: paper maps  trip planning: interactive tools  most positive influences on decisions to cycle  cycling in cities  (top 15 of 73)  LIKELIHOOD OF CYCLING 1= much more likely 0= no influence -1 = much less likely all participants  regular cyclists  occasional cyclists  potential cyclists  The route is away from traffic noise & air pollution  0.8  0.8  0.8  0.7  The route has bicycle paths separated from traffic for the entire distance  0.7  0.8  0.7  0.6  The route has beautiful scenery  0.7  0.7  0.7  0.6  Cycling to the destination takes less time than traveling by other modes  0.6  0.7  0.6  0.5  The route is flat  0.6  0.6  0.6  0.6  The distance to my destination is less than 5 km  0.5  0.6  0.5  0.5  Secure indoor bike storage  0.5  0.6  0.5  0.5  I can take my bike on the SkyTrain at any time  0.5  0.6  0.5  0.4  A 2-way off-street bike path has a reflective centre line for night & poor weather cycling  0.5  0.6  0.5  0.4  I can make the trip in daylight hours  0.5  0.5  0.5  0.5  Covered bike racks, to protect from rain  0.5  0.5  0.5  0.5  Information about cycling routes to the destination is available  0.5  0.5  0.5  0.4  The route has bike signage, pavement markings & bike activated signals on residential streets  0.5  0.6  0.4  0.4  The bus has racks that carry bikes  0.5  0.6  0.4  0.4  A web-based trip-planning tool is available  0.5  0.5  0.4  0.4  Winters M, Davidson G, Kao D, Teschke K. Motivators and deterrents of bicycling: comparing influences on decisions to ride. Transportation. 2010. DOI 10.1007/s11116-010-9284-y  cycling in cities  Environment features  interactive bike trip planner Objective: To build an online bicycle route planner for Metro Vancouver - for the general public - for planners to analyze existing routes, and plan for new ones - that allows routing for individual preferences team: • Michael Brauer • Meghan Winters (graduate student/data analyst) • Jason Su (programmer, GIS) • Melissa Nunes (GIS specialist)  building the planner • user-friendly Google Maps interface, underlying GIS system • allows user specific choices: - shortest distance - only on bike routes - minimum elevation gain/ restricted steepness - “greenest” route - least air pollution • crossing buttons & transit links • calculates: travel time, elevation gain, calories burned, and greenhouse gas emissions avoided (versus driving) • do it fast!  Su J, Brauer M, Winters M, Nunes M. Designing a route planner to facilitate and promote cycling in Metro Vancouver, Canada. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 2010, 44: 495–505.  www.cyclevancouver.ubc.ca  www.cyclevancouver.ubc.ca  Restricted max slope: 10%  Restricted max slope: 5%  Least air pollution  Least total elevation gain  Greenest route  Shortest route  added features • add open access data to the map (schools, community centers, etc) • printer-friendly routing • download coordinates – for upload to GPS • download kml files – 3D visualize route in Google Earth • mobile browser version  how much is it used? • Launched June 2008 • ~ 8000 unique visitors/month (summer); >100,000 total • Feedback: pilot testing; local planners; general public  Disclaimer: “This route planning tool is meant to be a guide for users to indicate suggested routes for various preferences, based upon a computer algorithm and available databases. The exact routes that are identified may not in reality be the "best" real-world routes due to limitations in the available input databases…“  why did we do this? • User community asked for this • Our research suggested this could have an immediate impact • Funding agencies place importance on knowledge translation (KT) •meaning…$ meaning…$ available •Innovation is fun!  some thoughts on open access • Research funding (CIHR, Heart & Stroke Foundation) • Importance of KT, but modes generally not specified • Time-limited funding vs ongoing maintenance • Insufficient resources ($, time) to fully engage users •Feedback •Additional Additional municipalities •Permanent host •Required new expertise for research team •Uptake exceeded other dissemination modes •continued traditional forms of dissemination •Impact harder to define  Photos: City of Vancouver, InfoVancouver, Vancouver Courier, Jack Becker  most negative influences on decisions to cycle  cycling in cities  (bottom 14 of 73)  LIKELIHOOD OF CYCLING 1= much more likely 0= no influence -1 = much less likely all participants  regular cyclists  occasional cyclists  potential cyclists  The route has long steep sections  -0.5  -0.4  -0.5  -0.6  The route has potholes or uneven paving  -0.6  -0.5  -0.5  -0.7  The risk of violent crime when cycling  -0.6  -0.5  -0.6  -0.6  The risk of bicycle theft  -0.6  -0.5  -0.6  -0.6  I need to carry bulky or heavy items  -0.6  -0.5  -0.6  -0.6  The route is not well lit after dark  -0.6  -0.4  -0.6  -0.7  The route has surfaces that can be slick when wet or icy when cold  -0.6  -0.5  -0.6  -0.7  It is raining  -0.6  -0.5  -0.7  -0.7  The risk of injury from car-bike collisions  -0.7  -0.6  -0.7  -0.7  The risk from motorists who don't know how to drive safely near bicycles  -0.7  -0.6  -0.8  -0.8  Vehicles drive faster than 50 km/hr  -0.8  -0.7  -0.8  -0.8  The route has glass or debris  -0.8  -0.8  -0.8  -0.8  The street has a lot of car, bus, & truck traffic  -0.8  -0.8  -0.8  -0.9  The route is icy or snowy  -0.9  -0.8  -0.9  -0.9  how far out of the way will people go? Bike trip: Granville Island to 63rd and Granville Shortest route: 6.75 km Actual route: 9.75 km 44% longer  actual  shortest  shortest route vs. actual route: distance actual  shortest  ~ 540 m for car trips, ~ 430 m for bike trips or 50% of trips are less than 10% out of the way 80% of trips are less than 25% out of the way  shortest route vs. actual route: environment Built environment measures: • • • • • • • • • • • • • •  population density % greenness average air pollution hilliness street connectivity # stencils # signals # traffic calming # traffic crossing signals % road that is bike routes …. highway …. arterial road …. local road …. off-street path  actual  shortest  

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