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Student Advocacy for Open Access at UBC and Beyond Chami, Goldis 2010

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Student Advocacy for Open Access at UBC and Beyond  Gordana Panic and Goldis Chami 2010 UBC Open Access Week Who we are  2 students    Universities Allied for Essential Medicines Global Access Licensing (access to technologies for low- and middle-income countries) Researchers apply for and receive  grants from CIHR, MSFHR, SSHRC – publicly funded agencies Innovative research Results are published Copyright is handed over to publishers, and access to research findings is only granted if paid for University libraries foot the bill for subscription costs Restricted access drives big profits   • High profile drug trials • A highly profitable business  The solution? An open access publishing mandate at UBC Open Access Publishing   Digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions.  OA is achieved with... • Open access journals – Same as current journals but reader does not pay to access articles; publishing costs recuperated in other ways.   • Institutional or subject-based repositories                       at UBC  Complying with Copyright • Before publication, journals ask authors to sign a standard publishing agreement  most involve giving up control of copyright. • By adding an amendment    to the standard publishing    agreement, authors can    retain key rights to their    work.  Via the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition , or SPARC Goals of OA Publishing • Faster dissemination of research findings • Provide articles at no cost to students, researchers, physicians, policy-makers, and the public • Allow for reading, download, and distribution • Articles are easily searchable (thus indexed)  DOES NOT MEAN: • Not peer-reviewed • Unedited • Not-for-profit Funding Mandates  • Recently, public research funding agencies have mandated that all peer-reviewed journal manuscripts that arise from research supported by their funds be made OA within 6-12 months of publication – CIHR, NIH, MSFHR, SSHRC     OA at Universities • Harvard • Stanford • MIT • University of Ottawa • Concordia University Why OA is important to students Unjustified Costs New generation, new ways of sharing information Access to quality work Students in low- and middle-income countries Graduate students: delivery, citation, impact Why OA is important to students Unjustified Costs  We pay for research twice  University funds might be better spent on education, facilities, programs.  Why OA is important to students New ways of sharing information  The internet has made sharing of information easy & less expensive ...but we’re not taking advantage of it  Why OA is important to students Access to quality work  Disparity between library budgets and increasing subscription costs ... so we don’t get access to all the articles/information we need.  Why OA is important to students Students in LMI countries  Undergraduate, graduate, nursing, law, engineering, medicine, human rights...  ...not to mention teachers and many other professionals.  Why OA is important to students Graduate students   Self-archiving provides: • Durable link • Tracking data • Increased visibility  The citation advantage. Right to Research Coalition  • A coalition of students advocating for OA publishing • Mobilize student societies • Encourage OA publishing by students • US government lobby  • Principles reflected in Student Statement on the Right to Research Student  Statement on the Right to Research  • Signatories: 23 student associations representing over 5 million students.  • Includes:    Canadian Federation of Students    American Medical Student Association       The United States Student Association   Federal Research Public Access Act • Bi-partisan US bill re- introduced in 2009 • Requires that federally funded research be made openly available to the public for free • Bill is much like the NIH OA mandate but applied federally The student campaign at UBC Two students, with knowledgeable mentors. Then we hit the books… The support we’ve received • Graduate Student Society • Alma Mater Society (undergraduate students) • Arts Undergraduate Society • Science Undergraduate Society • Medical Undergraduate Society • Pharmacy Undergraduate Society • UBC Medical Journal Now all we need...  Open Access mandates at UBC and SFU  ...and at every major university in Canada  ...and worldwide. What can students do? 1. Create awareness about OA amongst faculty and peers  Harvard’s/Stanford’s/U of Ottawa’s OA policies 2.  Convince fellow students and faculty members to publish OA. 3.  Student societies can draft letters of support, and address them to university administrators.  Thank you for your time.   goldis.chami@gmail.com gordanapan@gmail.com


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