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Introduction to Open Access & cIRcle: UBC's Information Repository Colenbrander, Hilde 2008

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U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm atio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm atio n  R ep o sito rycircle.ubc.ca Open Access Day, October 14, 2008 cIRcle: make your research more visible to the world Hilde Colenbrander Institutional Repository Coordinator, UBC Library U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry 2 cIRcle: UBC’s Information Repository An open access repository for published and unpublished materials Goal: To showcase UBC’s intellectual output May be freely used by anyone, provided creators are acknowledged and properly cited Launched spring 2008 cIRcle home page https://circle.ubc.ca U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry 3 What does ‘openly accessible’ mean? Open access literature is:  Digital information made freely available to anyone on the web  Refers particularly to peer reviewed research articles and their preprints  Open Access literature is freely available; not free to produce A response to exponential journal price increases:  1986-2006: journal expenditures in ARL libraries increased by 321% http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/monser06.pdf U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Open Access repositories ROAR (Registry of Open Access Repositories) currently lists 1157 repositories around the world  Australia: 37  Brazil: 60  Canada: 46  Germany: 94  India: 34  South Africa: 11  UK: 125  USA: 238 4 U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry 5 Why contribute to cIRcle? 45% to 336% increases in citations for open access literature (depending on discipline) Materials are easy to find (metadata adds value):  via Google, Google Scholar, Yahoo, etc.  via special content harvesters, e.g. oaister.org Exchange of scholarly information with colleagues; availability to scholars without journal subscriptions Permanent URLs Permanent preservation Granting agency mandates U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry 6 What about copyright? For materials deposited in cIRcle:  cIRcle requires a non-exclusive license to distribute  Copyright owner retains copyright  If you are not the copyright owner, you need permission from the copyright owner/publisher to deposit in cIRcle Note: Publishers’ Copyright Transfer Agreements/ Publication Agreements are critical! U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry 7 What can be contributed to cIRcle? Digital materials:  Research papers (pre- or postprints, or published versions)  Conference and workshop papers  Theses and dissertations, outstanding student projects  Unpublished reports and working papers  Books, chapters and sections  Datasets  Learning Objects  Multimedia and audio-visual materials  Software  University administrative documents U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry 8 Who benefits from open access? Open access serves the interests of us all, in our different capacities:  Authors and readers  Teachers and students  Libraries  Universities  Journals and publishers  Funding agencies  Governments  Citizens/tax payers U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Open Access Mandates Granting agencies  Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)  U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH)  UK Wellcome Trust University mandates  European University Association: ~800 members  Queensland University of Technology, Minho University Faculty mandates  Faculty of Arts and Sciences (and Faculty of Law) at Harvard So what about copyright? U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry What is copyright? Promotes the creation of and access to artistic, literary, musical, dramatic and other creative productions Right to authorize or to prevent copying Life of the author + 50 years Copyright can be signed over to someone else From Canadian Copyright Law, at Creative Commons Canada: http://creativecommons.ca/index.php?p=cacopyright 10 U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Copyright Transfer/Publication Agreements What rights do authors assign to publishers? What rights do authors retain? Why? Examples:  American Medical Association  Public Library of Science 11 U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Copyright is a bundle of rights Transferred in whole or in part Exclusively or non-exclusively For specific time periods, or indefinitely With or without royalty fees 12 U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Managing author rights What rights does the publisher need?  Exclusive right to first publication What rights does the author want to keep?  Re-publication in a different format, medium, place or language  Posting a copy to one of more web sites  Sending copies to colleagues or students  Creating a derivative work  Etc. 13 U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Copyright options for authors Option 1: Traditional Practice  Transfer ownership of copyright to publishers, in exchange for publication Option 2: Transfer ownership  BUT reserve some specific rights for the author Option 3: Retain ownership of copyright  And give the publisher an exclusive license for first publication 14 U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Tools for authors: SHERPA/RoMEO Publisher Copyright Policies & Self-Archiving according to RoMEO:  Green publishers  Blue publishers  Yellow publishers  White publishers  SHERPA/RoMEO Project www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php 15 U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Tools for authors: Author Addenda SPARC Canadian Author Addendum www.carl-abrc.ca/projects/author/author-e.html MIT Amendment to Publication Agreement info-libraries.mit.edu/scholarly/mit-copyright-amendment-form/ Scholar’s Copyright Addendum Engine sciencecommons.org/projects/publishing/scae JISC/SURF Copyright Toolbox copyrighttoolbox.surf.nl/copyrighttoolbox/ 16 U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Tools for authors: Creative Commons licenses Creative Commons International: Canada creativecommons.org/international/ca/ 17 U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In an openly accessible world ... Authors retain their copyright Copyright is creatively shared Users of openly shared materials acknowledge and properly cite creator(s) Knowledge is shared around the world 18 U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Recruiting UBC Content Some examples:  Graduate Studies  Community & Regional Planning  Education  Forestry  Earth and Ocean Sciences  Physics and Astronomy  Sociology  UBC Press U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Making It Work UBC faculty, students, and staff Librarian/Coordinator Programmer/analyst (PT) Library Assistant Liaison librarians and other library staff SLAIS graduate students  Professional experience projects  Co-op program  TLEF grant cIRcle Steering Committee U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Future Directions? What do researchers need? Potential value added services  Improved statistics  Embargoes/access controls  Ability to accept content from other repositories  Assist researchers with data management throughout the research cycle  Long term digital preservation strategies Integrate into campus cyber infrastructure Provincial, regional and national collaboration U B C U B C ’’ ss In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry In fo rm a tio n  R ep o sito ry Questions? Comments? Contact: Hilde Colenbrander Institutional Repository Coordinator, UBC Library hilde.colenbrander@ubc.ca circle.ubc.ca Welcome to the First International Open Access Day Joy Kirchner Project Manager, Scholarly Communications & Sciences Collections Librarian University of British Columbia Library This presentation by Joy Kirchner is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.5 Canada License • Introduction to Open Access & cIRcle: UBC’s Information Repository – 11am – 12:20pm Joy Kirchner and Hilde Colenbrander (UBC Library) • Using Wikipedia in the Classroom: an OA medium for research and student work – 1 pm – 1:40 pm Dr. Jon Beasley-Murray (Department of French, Hispanic and Italian Studies, UBC) • The Public Knowledge Project: providing open source software for OA publishing – 2 pm – 2:40 pm Brian Owen (SFU Library) • Open Medicine: a peer-reviewed, independent, open-access general medical journal – 3 pm – 3:40 pm Dr. Anita Palepu (Internal Medicine, UBC) • OA Day Worldwide Webcast: taxpayer access to publicly funded research – 4 pm – 5 pm Keynote address: Sir Richard Roberts, Ph.D., F.R.S Schedule of Events Introduction to Open Access Overview • Open Access (OA) Definition • Background • The Open Access Movement • Making Research Openly Available (open access) • Emergence of new models of scholarship What is Open Access? “Open Access is a growing international movement  that uses the Internet to throw open the locked doors that once hid knowledge.  It encourages the unrestricted sharing of research results with everyone,  everywhere, for the advancement and enjoyment of science and society.” (From: http://openaccessday.org/what-is-open- access ) Origins of OA The BBB's: • Budapest Open Access Initiative 2002 • Bethesda 2003 • Berlin Declaration 2003 Locations where a number of research entities came together to declare their support for open access and first defined open access. • Peter Suber’s OA blog: http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm Definition of open access really comes from the BBB's: Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions The Budapest statement puts it this way: Budapest definition of Open Access: "By ‘open access’ to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited." See: Peter Suber’s Open Access Website: http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm Background In 2005 - “The Open Access Movement” John Willinsky’s The Access Principle - The Case for Open Access to Research and Scholarship: http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/def ault.asp?ttype=2&tid=10611 The First Journal 1665 The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society • a means to enable researchers to share their work quickly & widely. • Established a system of priority amongst researchers investigating the same problem – later became known as peer review. • No financial remuneration awarded to authors. Authors received intrinsic rewards from publishing • Scholarly journals evolved. Still important for wide dissemination, notice for their work, peer review, not financial reward. Journals evolved - new publishing models - subscription models A researcher discovers the perfect article. She clicks on full text and gets… …she gets what she wants but now wants to post on her website/blog & share with a colleague/fellow student at another institution. Is she permitted do this? Is the author? Access to scholarship in the digital age Print vs. Online (Copyright vs Licensing) Uses Permitted under Copyright • Right to lend to the public • Right to quote and excerpt for commentary and criticism • Right to make and distribute copies under fair dealing and for local and remote library patrons via interlibrary loan • Character of use governed by fair dealing principles Conditions Introduced by a License • “Lending" of the materials may be tightly controlled; only "users" as defined in the license may use them • Prohibitions against copying and/or nondisclosure requirements may require permission before quoting or excerpting • License may prohibit distributing copies outside the institution; may eliminate public loans; may eliminate loaning to another institution. • Type of use may be restricted, for example, academic or non-commercial use only • No right to transmit electronically, therefore no use in distance learning Digital Rights Management (DRM) Further control? • DRM attempts to promote authorized use of a work, in part by precluding the possibility of copyright infringement. • Contains various technological components: encryption, a surveillance mechanism, license management functionality and technological protection measures (TPMs). • Promises copyright owners a high degree of control over how works are accessed and used, even after the works are disseminated to users. • Other motivations? (Ie. DRM can potentially allow copyright owners to require users to pay for each access and use.) • Fear that this kind of protection will further erode permissions given to the public - fair dealing Other Concerns • Privacy issues: DRM's surveillance capabilities can gather info. about users habits. (reading,viewing,listening) • DRM systems can limit public access to works that are freely available in the public domain, • Deny users the ability to make fair uses of copyright works (for research and other purposes), • Jeopardize the long-term preservation of information (as technologies become obsolete) The Traditional Access Model: Moved from ownership (print) to Licensing model (online): Access Permissions (Digital Rights Management (DRM) Subscription costs for access … Restrictive – Copyright/licensing Permission barriers - too restrictive – Too costly – therefore restrictive – Existing models do not encourage free flow of information sharing. Online Paradox Web removed barriers by providing global,accessible, reliable, affordable network But more barriers appeared for use of material • license restrictions determined use, • loss of fair dealing provisions for online content, • prohibitive costs In 2007 … JAMA in print $550.00; JAMA online $8000.00 US – (with 5% + increase per year) CPI up 57% Average serial price up 227% Average book price up 65% Public granting agencies and universities fund research via tax dollars Faculty member does the research, writes the article/book, and initially owns the copyright Publishers require authors to sign over their copyright in return for publication The Traditional Model How the lifecycle of scholarship is supported Faculty generally provide their work to the publisher for free: Articles, books, editorial board services, peer review services Faculty often pay page charges to the publisher for article publication Later, publishers may charge faculty reprint fees (after all, the publisher owns the copyright)  Publishers sell scholarly journal subscriptions/licenses to universities (via libraries)  The publishing industry is worth billions of dollars with huge profit margins (applies mostly to STM publishers) 16.1 billion in revenues in 2006; 5.8 billion (36%) earned by top 6: Elsevier, Kluwer Health, Springer, American Chemical Society, Wiley/Blackwell (merged in 2007)  Publishing in prestigious journals related to tenure & promotion  Citation rates related to tenure/promotion  Libraries provide access to and preserve content - access is restricted to faculty, students, staff of UBC and frequently walk-in users Challenging the traditional  model of participating & accessing scholarship The Scholarly community – all those who support the lifecycle of scholarship - (researchers, authors, editors, reviewers, publishers, funding bodies, university administrators, libraries, readers) …are re-evaluating traditional models Factors: • Costs: Massive escalation of journal subscription prices over past 2 decades – 1986-2005 journal subscriptions for a typical research library increased by 227%. – 1986-2002 number of books purchased by a typical research library decreased by 5% (for 1986-2002) • Access to research information: – Existing publishing models restrict rather than encourage free flow of information. – Concerns about public access to taxpayer-funded research • Technological Advancement : – The Internet & revolution in authoring and publishing technologies Gave rise to the open access movement and the emergence of new models of scholarly communications and publishing. Scholarship is changing: – new innovations & technologies, standards, protocols, and formats to support change. The emergence of new models of scholarly publishing Disciplinary Differences – Technological Advancement – Activism Position – ethical position; public access to information Why Activism Position? • Research results are paid for twice over by public tax dollars: – Research grants/faculty salaries – Journal subscriptions • Access to research is restricted to institutions that can afford the journals • Public Access to information • Conflict of interest Eg. Smith R (2005) Medical Journals Are an Extension of the Marketing Arm of Pharmaceutical Companies. PLoS Med 2(5): e138 Published: May 17, 2005 Advocating Change Pressure for change: • 132 PROVOSTS support Open Access: http://www.arl.org/sparc/advocacy/frpaa/institutions.html “If universities pay the salaries of researchers and provide them with labs, and the federal government provides those researchers with grants for their studies, why should those same universities feel they can’t afford to have access to research findings?” http://insidehighered.com/news/2006/07/28/provosts • Researchers are putting pressure on Societies: (e.g. Royal Society members); PLoS’ Open letter: http://www.plos.org/support/openletter.shtml • OA publications are more often cited: Eysenbach G. Citation advantage of open access articles. PLoS Biol 2006;4(5):e157. Other Pressures: Mandates to Encourage OA from Government Agencies In Canada: • Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) – as of Jan 1, 2008: Research must be deposited in an Institutional Repository or Pubmed Central within 6 months of publication. • (SSHRC, NSERC …) Elsewhere worldwide: • As of October 1, 2006, all Wellcome Trust funded research must be deposited in PubMed Central: • U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) – deposited in OA within 12 months of publication as of April 7, 2008. • Federal Research Public Access Act of 2006 (Senate Bill 2695) • U.K. House of Commons Science & Technology Committee • European Union & DAREnet High Energy Physics Advocating for a change in value metrics Student Activism http://www.openstudents.org/ Student Activism • Gavin Baker • Students for Free Culture Students for Free Culture Students against DRM Faculty Mandates: ie. Harvard’s OA Policy Open Access Flavours green gold etc. Open Access • Two roads to open access: – Green Road: self archiving a version of your published work and making it available on a publicly accessible site (ie: personal website, blog, institutional repository) – Gold Road … publish in a journal that is open access 㻷㼋㼈㻃㻪㼒㼏㼇㻃㻵㼒㼄㼇㻃䇬㻃㻲㼓㼈㼑㻃㻤㼆㼆㼈㼖㼖㻃㻳㼘㼅㼏㼌㼖㼋㼈㼕㼖 • Biomed Central - 189 peer-reviewed open access • Public Library of Science (PLOS): • Hindawi Publishing Corp: • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) • Free Medical Journals • Free Full text • PubMed Central • UBC’s Public Knowledge Project: OJS  The Green Road (self-archiving a traditional publication) Can the author post her work on her website, put it in a repository or share with a colleague? Author permissions? AMA CTA 3. Copyright Transfer. In consideration of the action of the American Medical Association (AMA) in reviewing and editing this submission (manuscript, tables, figures, video, audio, and other supplemental files for publication), I hereby transfer, assign, or otherwise convey all copyright ownership, including any and all rights incidental thereto, exclusively to the AMA, in the event that such work is published by the AMA. http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php Adding an addendum to CTA http://www.carl-abrc.ca/projects/author/author-e.html Compliance with OA Mandates: In Canada: • Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) – as of Jan 1, 2008: Research must be deposited in an Institutional Repository or Pubmed Central within 6 months of publication. • (SSHRC, NSERC …) Elsewhere worldwide: • As of October 1, 2006, all Wellcome Trust funded research must be deposited in PubMed Central: • U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) – deposited in OA within 12 months of publication as of April 7, 2008. • Federal Research Public Access Act of 2006 (Senate Bill 2695) • U.K. House of Commons Science & Technology Committee • European Union & DAREnet Traditional subscription access model going green Open Access 2 roads to open access manuscript …. Open Access journal (PLOS Medicine; Biomedcentral, DOAJ) Open access copy in online archive (cIRcle; Pubmed Central) Traditional subscription  access journals Articles can be made OA by publishing in an OA journal or archiving OA copies from a traditional publication gold New Models of Scholarly Publishing green How do I make my Research Open Access? • Identify Gold/Green Journals – Tools: sherpa/ romeo site to identify green journals (those that permit author to archive a version of work) – Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ); Public Library of Science; Biomedcentral; • Manage your copyright – Read CTA – If not green, utilize an addendum to attach to your CTA • Self-Archiving (Posting article/chapter/work in a reliable archive) – cIRcle; Pubmed Central Self-Archiving • Once you have the rights (you may already have it if it is green) • Archive at UBC’s cIRcle • Other subject repositories – Pubmed Central Other open access repositories • ROAR registry: http://roar.eprints.org • OpenDOAR directory: http://www.opendoar.org Archives: Institutional repositories & disciplinary archives Institutional Repositories/ Disciplinary Archives Institutional Repositories: general aim to centralize, preserve, and make freely accessible an institution’s intellectual record. Disciplinary Archives: subject based archives Subject Disciplinary Repositories • arXiv.org: Open access to 419,855 e-prints in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science and Quantitative Biology • Pubmed Central: Free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) • Social Science Research Network: Social Science Research Network (SSRN) is devoted to the rapid worldwide dissemination of social science research and is composed of a number of specialized research networks in each of the social sciences. • NELLCO Legal Scholarship Repository Consortium of 100 (law school) institutions • The Alexandria Archive Institute http://www.alexandriaarchive.org/ The Alexandria Archive Institute works to build an open, Internet-based, knowledge commons of world cultural heritage. Includes documentation of archaeological and related research, including: reports, observations, maps, plans, analyses, digital files and images of excavations and surveys  IR’s around the world … https://circle.ubc.ca 2 roads to open access manuscript …. Open Access journal (PLOS Medicine; Biomedcentral, DOAJ) Open access copy in online archive (cIRcle; Pubmed Central) Traditional subscription  access journals Articles can be made OA by publishing in an OA journal or archiving OA copies from a traditional publication gold New Models of Scholarly Publishing green A rapidly changing future … Changing notions of authorship & scholarly publishing in the digital age The emergence of new models of scholarly publishing Disciplinary Differences – Technological Advancement – Activism Position – ethical position; public access to information Notion of authorship & scholarly publishing is rapidly evolving 䇻 㻱㼈㼚㻃㼗㼈㼆㼋㼑㼒㼏㼒㼊㼌㼈㼖㻏㻃㼌㼑㼗㼈㼕㼄㼆㼗㼌㼙㼈㻃㼐㼘㼏㼗㼌㼐㼈㼇㼌㼄㻏㻃㼒㼑㼏㼌㼑㼈㻐㼒㼑㼏㼜 㼖㼆㼋㼒㼏㼄㼕㼏㼜㻃㼕㼈㼖㼒㼘㼕㼆㼈㼖 䇻 㻷㼋㼈㻃㼌㼇㼈㼄㻃㼒㼉㻃䇵㼌㼑㻐㼓㼕㼒㼊㼕㼈㼖㼖䇶㻃㼆㼒㼐㼐㼘㼑㼌㼆㼄㼗㼌㼒㼑㻃㼕㼄㼗㼋㼈㼕㻃㼗㼋㼄㼑㻃㼄 㼉㼌㼑㼄㼏㻃㼄㼕㼆㼋㼌㼙㼄㼏㻃㼓㼘㼅㼏㼌㼆㼄㼗㼌㼒㼑㻑 䇻 㻶㼆㼋㼒㼏㼄㼕㼏㼜㻃㼓㼕㼒㼇㼘㼆㼗㼖㻃㼄㼕㼈㻃㼗㼄㼎㼌㼑㼊㻃㼒㼑㻃㼐㼄㼑㼜㻃㼑㼈㼚㻃㼉㼒㼕㼐㼖㻝 㼇㼄㼗㼄㼅㼄㼖㼈㼖㻏㻃㼇㼄㼗㼄㼖㼈㼗㼖㻏㻃㼇㼌㼊㼌㼗㼄㼏㻃㼗㼈㼛㼗㻏㻃㼌㼐㼄㼊㼈㼖㻏㻃㼖㼌㼐㼘㼏㼄㼗㼌㼒㼑㼖㻏 㼙㼌㼖㼘㼄㼏㼌㼝㼄㼗㼌㼒㼑㻏㻃㼄㼑㼌㼐㼄㼗㼌㼒㼑㻏㻃㼖㼓㼈㼆㼌㼄㼏㼌㼝㼈㼇㻃㼖㼒㼉㼗㼚㼄㼕㼈㻃䇿 䇻 㻤㻃㼆㼋㼄㼑㼊㼌㼑㼊㻃㼓㼌㼆㼗㼘㼕㼈㻃㼉㼒㼕㻃㼄㼏㼏㻃㼗㼋㼒㼖㼈㻃㼌㼑㼙㼒㼏㼙㼈㼇㻃㼌㼑㻃㼖㼘㼓㼓㼒㼕㼗㼌㼑㼊㻃㼗㼋㼈㻃㼏㼌㼉㼈㻐 㼆㼜㼆㼏㼈㻃㼒㼉㻃㼖㼆㼋㼒㼏㼄㼕㼖㼋㼌㼓㻃㻋㼕㼈㼖㼈㼄㼕㼆㼋㼈㼕㼖㻏㻃㼄㼘㼗㼋㼒㼕㼖㻏㻃㼈㼇㼌㼗㼒㼕㼖㻏㻃㼕㼈㼙㼌㼈㼚㼈㼕㼖㻏 㼓㼘㼅㼏㼌㼖㼋㼈㼕㼖㻏㻃㼏㼌㼅㼕㼄㼕㼌㼈㼖㻏㻃㼉㼘㼑㼇㼈㼕㼖㻏㻃㼕㼈㼄㼇㼈㼕㼖㻌 Creating new models of scholarly publishing 㻷㼕㼈㼑㼇㻃㼗㼒㻃㻲㼓㼈㼑㼏㼜㻃㻤㼙㼄㼌㼏㼄㼅㼏㼈 Open Source Open Textbooks Open Data Open Access Open access “flavors” Gold and green Back issues open Hybrid open access Public access 㻺㼋㼄㼗䇲㼖㻃㼄㻃㼑㼈㼚㻃㼐㼒㼇㼈㼏㻢 • Internet enabled • New genres: new forms of presentation, new information blends • New mode for interaction • New business models • New relationships to peer review 㻰㼄㼑㼜㻃㼈㼛㼄㼐㼓㼏㼈㼖㻃㼒㼉㻃㼑㼈㼚㻃㼐㼒㼇㼈㼏㼖 • Biomedcentral • Open Medicine • Nature blogs • Biomedcentral • Geometry and Topology • Virtual Observatory • PubMed Central • Geometry and Topology • ChemistryCentral • ArXiv • SIGMA • Hindawi • Savage Minds • PLoS Biology • RePEc • PLOS Medicine • Valley of the Shadow • Ask Dr. Wiki • Perseus Project • UBC’s cIRcle Library Support for UBC Authors Other Flavours of OA Back issues openly available Hybrid open access • American Chemical Society • American Institute of Physics • American Physical Society • BMJ (British Medical Journal) • Blackwell • Cambridge University Press • Elsevier • Oxford University Press • Royal Society (UK) • Springer • Taylor and Francis Publishers offering article by article payment for open accessibility 㻨㼐㼈㼕㼊㼈㼑㼆㼈㻃㼒㼉㻃㻲㼓㼈㼑㻃㻧㼄㼗㼄㻃㻃㻋㼈㻶㼆㼌㼈㼑㼆㼈㻌 Worldwide interest in storing data in a trustworthy repository and making them “openly”  available and sometimes linkable to ejournal content. Brussels Declaration on STM Publishing statement: “Raw research data should be made freely available to all researchers” http://www.stm-assoc.org/home/publishers-launch-brussels-declaration.html Examples: • The Virtual Observatory, National Research Foundation (NSF) Cyberinfrastructure vision for the 21st century • Alberta Cyberinfrastructure for Innovation • UK’s Digital Curation Centre (e-science data curation) • TeraGrid – open scientific discovery infrasture, partnering with 9 sites • System of Agents for Forest Observation Research with Advanced Hierarchies (SAFORAH) • Grid Canada • Research on Health Cyberinfrastructure Data Webs: a new concept in digital information storage and integration that involves the ability to harvest and data into a central searchable registry. “TeraGrid is the world's largest, most comprehensive distributed cyberinfrastructure for open scientific research.” Cyberinfrastructure New modes of interaction • Hosted blogs • Group blogs • Virtual conferencing 㻺㼈㼅㻃㻕㻑㻓 http://www.economist.com/science/displaystory.cfm?story_id=12253189 Research Blogging http://researchblogging.org/ New relationships to peer review • Preprint distribution • Postprint deposit • Overlay journals • peer2peer review  Valley of the Shadow New business models • Author-side publication fees • Endowment support • Submission fees • Overhead-supportable publishing • Partnerships • Also … new licenses New Licenses 㻣㻸㻥㻦㻃㻯㼌㼅㼕㼄㼕㼜 • Infrastructure Support for New Models – IR – cIRcle – E-journal Hosting using PKP’s OJS software – Digitization projects • UBC Library Supports memberships to OA publications – PLOS, – BMC, – DOAJ • Scholarly Communication Steering Committee Infrastructure support for new models 㻫㼄㼇㼌㻃㻧㼒㼚㼏㼄㼗㼄㼅㼄㼇㼌㻃䇬㻃㻸㻥㻦䇲㼖㻃㻬㻵㻨㻶 㻲㻭㻶㻃㼖㼒㼉㼗㼚㼄㼕㼈 http://angel.library.ubc.ca/cdm4/index_coll1.php?CISOROOT=/coll1  Engaging in Research New Publishing Models Study – ARL, UBC Library, Cornell University Library and the University of Washington Library - Ithaka sponsorship. – Purpose of the project: • Learn how faculty/researchers are involved in new models of scholarship on 22 campuses • Develop a database to store this information that institutions could access and contribute to. • Timeframe: – April 1st to May 31st, interview sample faculty & test tool – May 31st to July 31st conduct data gathering more widely – Reporting Findings Fall 2008. The First Journal (Transactions of the Philosophical Society (1665) Traditional subscription access model Open Access New Models of Scholarship We refuse to accept a future of digital feudalism where we do not actually own the products we buy, but we are merely granted limited uses of them as long as we pay the rent. We will make, share, adapt, and promote open content. We will listen to free music, look at free art, watch free film, and read free books. All the while, we will contribute, discuss, annotate, critique, improve, improvise, remix, mutate, and add yet more ingredients into the free culture soup. We believe that culture should be a two-way affair, about participation, not merely consumption. We will not be content to sit passively at the end of a one-way media tube. mission …is to build a bottom-up, participatory structure to society and culture, rather than a top-down, closed, proprietary structure. Through the democratizing power of digital technology and the Internet, we can place the tools of creation and distribution, communication and collaboration, teaching and learning into the hands of the common person 㻦㼒㼑㼗㼄㼆㼗㻃㻬㼑㼉㼒㼕㼐㼄㼗㼌㼒㼑 Joy Kirchner Project Manager, Scholarly Communications & Sciences Collections Librarian for Science (STM) Libraries (604) 827-3644 joy.kirchner@ubc.ca Introduction to Open Access presentation by Joy Kirchner is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.5 Canada License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ca/

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