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Introduction to Open Access & cIRcle: UBC's Information Repository Colenbrander, Hilde; Kirchner, Joy 2008-11-03

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UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repositorycircle.ubc.caOpen Access Day, October 14, 2008cIRcle: make your research more visible to the worldHilde ColenbranderInstitutional Repository Coordinator, UBC LibraryUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repository2cIRcle: UBC’s Information RepositoryAn open access repository for published and unpublished materialsGoal: To showcase UBC’s intellectual outputMay be freely used by anyone, provided creators are acknowledged and properly citedLaunched spring 2008cIRcle home pagehttps://circle.ubc.caUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repository3What does ‘openly accessible’ mean?Open access literature is: Digital information made freely available to anyone on the web Refers particularly to peer reviewed research articles and theirpreprints Open Access literature is freely available; not free to produceA response to exponential journal price increases: 1986-2006: journal expenditures in ARL libraries increased by 321%http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/monser06.pdfUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryOpen Access repositoriesROAR (Registry of Open Access Repositories) currently lists 1157 repositories around the world Australia: 37 Brazil: 60 Canada: 46 Germany: 94 India: 34 South Africa: 11 UK: 125 USA: 2384UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repository5Why contribute to cIRcle?45% to 336% increases in citations for open access literature (depending on discipline)Materials are easy to find (metadata adds value):  via Google, Google Scholar, Yahoo, etc. via special content harvesters, e.g. oaister.orgExchange of scholarly information with colleagues; availability to scholars without journal subscriptionsPermanent URLsPermanent preservationGranting agency mandatesUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repository6What about copyright?For materials deposited in cIRcle: cIRcle requires a non-exclusive license to distribute Copyright owner retains copyright If you are not the copyright owner, you need permission from the copyright owner/publisher to deposit in cIRcle Note: Publishers’ Copyright Transfer Agreements/ Publication Agreements are critical!UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repository7What can be contributed to cIRcle?Digital materials: Research papers (pre- or postprints, or published versions)  Conference and workshop papers  Theses and dissertations, outstanding student projects  Unpublished reports and working papers  Books, chapters and sections  Datasets  Learning Objects  Multimedia and audio-visual materials  Software University administrative documentsUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repository8Who benefits from open access?Open access serves the interests of us all, in our different capacities: Authors and readers Teachers and students Libraries Universities Journals and publishers Funding agencies Governments Citizens/tax payersUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryOpen Access MandatesGranting agencies Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) UK Wellcome Trust University mandates European University Association: ~800 members Queensland University of Technology, Minho UniversityFaculty mandates Faculty of Arts and Sciences (and Faculty of Law) at HarvardSo what about copyright?UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryWhat is copyright?Promotes the creation of and access to artistic, literary, musical, dramatic and other creative productionsRight to authorize or to prevent copyingLife of the author + 50 yearsCopyright can be signed over to someone elseFrom Canadian Copyright Law, at Creative Commons Canada:http://creativecommons.ca/index.php?p=cacopyright10UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryCopyright Transfer/Publication AgreementsWhat rights do authors assign to publishers?What rights do authors retain?Why?Examples: American Medical Association Public Library of Science11UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryCopyright is a bundle of rightsTransferred in whole or in partExclusively or non-exclusivelyFor specific time periods, or indefinitelyWith or without royalty fees12UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryManaging author rightsWhat rights does the publisher need? Exclusive right to first publicationWhat rights does the author want to keep? Re-publication in a different format, medium, place or language Posting a copy to one of more web sites Sending copies to colleagues or students Creating a derivative work Etc.13UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryCopyright options for authorsOption 1: Traditional Practice Transfer ownership of copyright to publishers, in exchange for publicationOption 2: Transfer ownership BUT reserve some specific rights for the authorOption 3: Retain ownership of copyright And give the publisher an exclusive license for first publication14UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryTools for authors: SHERPA/RoMEOPublisher Copyright Policies & Self-Archiving according to RoMEO: Green publishers Blue publishers Yellow publishers White publishers SHERPA/RoMEO Projectwww.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php15UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryTools for authors: Author AddendaSPARC Canadian Author Addendumwww.carl-abrc.ca/projects/author/author-e.htmlMIT Amendment to Publication Agreementinfo-libraries.mit.edu/scholarly/mit-copyright-amendment-form/Scholar’s Copyright Addendum Enginesciencecommons.org/projects/publishing/scaeJISC/SURF Copyright Toolboxcopyrighttoolbox.surf.nl/copyrighttoolbox/16UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryTools for authors: Creative Commons licensesCreative Commons International: Canadacreativecommons.org/international/ca/17UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryIn an openly accessible world ...Authors retain their copyrightCopyright is creatively sharedUsers of openly shared materials acknowledge and properly cite creator(s)Knowledge is shared around the world18UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryRecruiting UBC ContentSome examples: Graduate Studies Community & Regional Planning Education Forestry Earth and Ocean Sciences Physics and Astronomy Sociology UBC PressUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryMaking It WorkUBC faculty, students, and staffLibrarian/CoordinatorProgrammer/analyst (PT)Library AssistantLiaison librarians and other library staffSLAIS graduate students Professional experience projects Co-op program TLEF grantcIRcle Steering CommitteeUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryFuture Directions?What do researchers need?Potential value added services Improved statistics Embargoes/access controls Ability to accept content from other repositories Assist researchers with data management throughout the research cycle Long term digital preservation strategiesIntegrate into campus cyber infrastructureProvincial, regional and national collaborationUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryQuestions? Comments?Contact:Hilde ColenbranderInstitutional Repository Coordinator, UBC Libraryhilde.colenbrander@ubc.cacircle.ubc.ca UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repositorycircle.ubc.caOpen Access Day, October 14, 2008cIRcle: make your research more visible to the worldHilde ColenbranderInstitutional Repository Coordinator, UBC LibraryUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repository2cIRcle: UBC’s Information RepositoryAn open access repository for published and unpublished materialsGoal: To showcase UBC’s intellectual outputMay be freely used by anyone, provided creators are acknowledged and properly citedLaunched spring 2008cIRcle home pagehttps://circle.ubc.caUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repository3What does ‘openly accessible’ mean?Open access literature is: Digital information made freely available to anyone on the web Refers particularly to peer reviewed research articles and theirpreprints Open Access literature is freely available; not free to produceA response to exponential journal price increases: 1986-2006: journal expenditures in ARL libraries increased by 321%http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/monser06.pdfUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryOpen Access repositoriesROAR (Registry of Open Access Repositories) currently lists 1157 repositories around the world Australia: 37 Brazil: 60 Canada: 46 Germany: 94 India: 34 South Africa: 11 UK: 125 USA: 2384UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repository5Why contribute to cIRcle?45% to 336% increases in citations for open access literature (depending on discipline)Materials are easy to find (metadata adds value):  via Google, Google Scholar, Yahoo, etc. via special content harvesters, e.g. oaister.orgExchange of scholarly information with colleagues; availability to scholars without journal subscriptionsPermanent URLsPermanent preservationGranting agency mandatesUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repository6What about copyright?For materials deposited in cIRcle: cIRcle requires a non-exclusive license to distribute Copyright owner retains copyright If you are not the copyright owner, you need permission from the copyright owner/publisher to deposit in cIRcle Note: Publishers’ Copyright Transfer Agreements/ Publication Agreements are critical!UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repository7What can be contributed to cIRcle?Digital materials: Research papers (pre- or postprints, or published versions)  Conference and workshop papers  Theses and dissertations, outstanding student projects  Unpublished reports and working papers  Books, chapters and sections  Datasets  Learning Objects  Multimedia and audio-visual materials  Software University administrative documentsUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation Repository8Who benefits from open access?Open access serves the interests of us all, in our different capacities: Authors and readers Teachers and students Libraries Universities Journals and publishers Funding agencies Governments Citizens/tax payersUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryOpen Access MandatesGranting agencies Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) UK Wellcome Trust University mandates European University Association: ~800 members Queensland University of Technology, Minho UniversityFaculty mandates Faculty of Arts and Sciences (and Faculty of Law) at HarvardSo what about copyright?UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryWhat is copyright?Promotes the creation of and access to artistic, literary, musical, dramatic and other creative productionsRight to authorize or to prevent copyingLife of the author + 50 yearsCopyright can be signed over to someone elseFrom Canadian Copyright Law, at Creative Commons Canada:http://creativecommons.ca/index.php?p=cacopyright10UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryCopyright Transfer/Publication AgreementsWhat rights do authors assign to publishers?What rights do authors retain?Why?Examples: American Medical Association Public Library of Science11UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryCopyright is a bundle of rightsTransferred in whole or in partExclusively or non-exclusivelyFor specific time periods, or indefinitelyWith or without royalty fees12UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryManaging author rightsWhat rights does the publisher need? Exclusive right to first publicationWhat rights does the author want to keep? Re-publication in a different format, medium, place or language Posting a copy to one of more web sites Sending copies to colleagues or students Creating a derivative work Etc.13UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryCopyright options for authorsOption 1: Traditional Practice Transfer ownership of copyright to publishers, in exchange for publicationOption 2: Transfer ownership BUT reserve some specific rights for the authorOption 3: Retain ownership of copyright And give the publisher an exclusive license for first publication14UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryTools for authors: SHERPA/RoMEOPublisher Copyright Policies & Self-Archiving according to RoMEO: Green publishers Blue publishers Yellow publishers White publishers SHERPA/RoMEO Projectwww.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php15UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryTools for authors: Author AddendaSPARC Canadian Author Addendumwww.carl-abrc.ca/projects/author/author-e.htmlMIT Amendment to Publication Agreementinfo-libraries.mit.edu/scholarly/mit-copyright-amendment-form/Scholar’s Copyright Addendum Enginesciencecommons.org/projects/publishing/scaeJISC/SURF Copyright Toolboxcopyrighttoolbox.surf.nl/copyrighttoolbox/16UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryTools for authors: Creative Commons licensesCreative Commons International: Canadacreativecommons.org/international/ca/17UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryIn an openly accessible world ...Authors retain their copyrightCopyright is creatively sharedUsers of openly shared materials acknowledge and properly cite creator(s)Knowledge is shared around the world18UBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryRecruiting UBC ContentSome examples: Graduate Studies Community & Regional Planning Education Forestry Earth and Ocean Sciences Physics and Astronomy Sociology UBC PressUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryMaking It WorkUBC faculty, students, and staffLibrarian/CoordinatorProgrammer/analyst (PT)Library AssistantLiaison librarians and other library staffSLAIS graduate students Professional experience projects Co-op program TLEF grantcIRcle Steering CommitteeUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryFuture Directions?What do researchers need?Potential value added services Improved statistics Embargoes/access controls Ability to accept content from other repositories Assist researchers with data management throughout the research cycle Long term digital preservation strategiesIntegrate into campus cyber infrastructureProvincial, regional and national collaborationUBCUBC’’ssInformation RepositoryInformation RepositoryQuestions? Comments?Contact:Hilde ColenbranderInstitutional Repository Coordinator, UBC Libraryhilde.colenbrander@ubc.cacircle.ubc.ca Welcometo theFirst International OpenAcess DyJoy KirchnerProject Manager,Scholarly Communications &Sciences Collections LibrarianUniversity of British Columbia LibraryThis presentation by Joy Kirchner is licensed under aCreativ Coms Atributio-Noncomrcial-Shre Alike 2.5 Canda License•Introduction to Open Access & cIRcle: UBC’s Information Repository–1am – 12:0pm Joy Kirchner and Hilde Colenbrander (UBC Libray)•Using Wikipedia in the Classroom: an OA medium for research andstudent work–1 pm – 1:40 pm Dr. Jon Beasley-Muray (Department of French, Hispanicand Italin Studies, UC)•The Public Knowledge Project: providing open source software forOA publishing–2 pm – 2:40 pm Brian Owen (SFU Libray)•Open Medicine: a peer-reviewed, independent, open-access generalmedical journal–3 pm – 3:40 pm Dr. Anita Plepu (Internal Medicine, UBC)•OA Day Worldwide Webcast: taxpayer access to publicly fundedresearch–4 pm – 5 pm Keynote adres: Sir Richard Roberts, Ph.D., F.R.SSchedule of EventsIntroduction to Open AccessOverview•Open Aces (OA) Definition•Background•The Ope Aces Movemnt•Making Rsarch Opnly Available (opences)•Emrgnce of new models of scholarshipWhat is Open Access?“Open Aces is a growing internationalmovmnt  that use the Inet to throw openthe locked dors that onc hid knowledge.  Itnourags the unrestricted sharing of resarchreslts with evryoe,  everywere, for theadvancemnt and enjoymnt of scienc andsociety.”(From: http://openacesday.org/what-is-open-aces )Origins of OAThe BB's:•udapest Open Aces Initiative 202•Bethda 203•rlin Declaration 203Locations where a number of research entitiesme togthr to declare thir suport for openacs and first dfind open aces.•Peter Suber’s OA blog: htp:/w.earlham.edu/~petrs/fos/veriew.htmDefinition of open aces really comes fromth BB's:Open-aces (OA) literature is digital, online, freeof charg, and free of most copyright adlicensing restrictionsThe Budapest statement puts it this way:Budapest definiton f Open Aces:"By ‘open aces’ to this literature, we mean its fre availbilty on theublic iternt, permitting any usrs to rd, downlod, copy, distribute,print, search, or link to the ful texts of thes articles, crawl them foridexig, ps the as data to softwar, or us thm for any otherlawful purpoe, without fincial, leglr technical bariersr thanthose insearbl frm gaiing acs to the iternet itslf. The olycntrait on reproduction ad distribution, and th oly rol foropyright i this dai, shoul be to give authors contrl over theinterity of their work and the right to b properly ackwldgd andcid."Se: Peter Suber’s Open Aces Website:http://ww.arlham.du/~pters/fo/overview.htmBackgroundIn 205 -“The Open Aces Movemnt”John Wilinsky’s The Aces Principle -Te Cae for Opn cs toRsrch and Scholarship:htp:/mitpres.mit.edu/catlog/item/default.as?ty=2&ti=1061The First Journal165The Philosophical Transactions ofthe Royal Society•a means to enable researchers toshare their work quickly & widely.•Established a system of priorityamongst researchersinvestigating the same problem –later became known as peerreview.•No financial remunerationawarded to authors. Authorsreceived intrinsic rewards frompublishing•Scholarly journals evolved. Stillimportant for wide dissemination,notice for their work, peer review,not financial reward.Journals evolved - new publishing models - subscription modelsA researcher discovers the prfectarticl. S clik n ful text and gets……she gts what she wants but now ants to pst on her website/blog& ar it  colgue/flo studet t anther istiution.  Is he prmited  this? Is the author?Access to scholarship in the digital agePrint vs. Online(Copyright v Licensig)Uses Permitted underCopyright•Right o lend to the public• it  qute and xerptfor comntry critis•Right o ake anddistribute copis uer fairealing and fr local ndrmote libry ptrs viaintrliray loan•Charcter f usegovernd by fair dalingpriciplesConditions Introduced by a License•“Lendig" of the materials may be tightlycotroled; nly "usrs"  defind in teliens may use the•Prohibitons gainst copying and/orndisclure rquiremts my requirepermiion bfore oting or excrpting•Licnse ay prhibit distributing oiesoutid th instiution; may elimiat publiclans; may eliminate lnig to notheritiution.•Type f use ay be rstricted, for example,acdmic or no-comerial us nly•No right  trasit elctronicly, therforen use in distnc larnigDigital Rights Management (DRM)Further control?•DRM attempts to promte authorized use of a work, in part byprecluding the posibilty of cpyright infrigemnt.•Contains various technolgical componets: encryption, a surveilancemechaim, licene maent fuctiality ad techolgiclprotetion masurs (TPMs).•Promise copyright owners a high degre of control over how worksare acsed and usd, evnfter th works are disminated tousrs.•Other motivations? (Ie. DRM can potentialy alow copyright owners torquir users to pay for each aces ad use.)•Fear that this kind of protection wil further erode prmisions given toth public - fair dealingOther Concerns•Privacy isues: DRM's surveilance capbilties can gatherinfo. abot ur habits. (rdig,viwing,litenig)•DRM systems can limit public aces to works that are frelyavilable in the public doain,•Deny users the abilty to make fair use of copyright works(for rarchnd other purpos),•Jeopardize the long-term presrvation of information (astechnlogis bce obsolte)The Traditonal AcesMoel:Moved from ownership (print) toLicensing model (online):Access Permissions(Digital Rights Management (DRM)Subscription costs for access… Restrictive–Copyright/licensingPermission barriers - toorestrictive–Too costly – thereforerestrictive–Existing models do notencourage free flow ofinformation sharing.Online ParadoxWeb removedbarriersby providingglobal,acesible,reliale, affordablenetworkBut more barriersappeared for useof material•license rstrictions detrminedus,•los of air dealing provisionsfor nline contt,•prhibitve cstIn 207 …JAM in print $50.;J olie 8. US –(with 5% + increase pryear)CPI up 57%Average srialpric up 27%Average bokpric up 65%Public granting aencies and universities fundresarch via tx dollarFaculty meber does the rsearch, writes therticle/bok, an initially own t opyrigtPublishers require authors to sign over theircopyrigt in rtrn for pblicatioThe Traditional ModelHow the lifecycle of scholarship is supportedFaculty genrally provide their work to thepblishr for fe:Articles, bks, ditorial board services, perreview erviceFaculty often pay page charges to the publisherfor rticle publictionLater, publishers may charge faculty reprint fes(ftr all, t publisher owns th opright)Publishers sel scholarly journal subscriptions/license tonivriti (via libries)The publishing industry is worth bilions of dolars withugrofit mari (aplie mstly to STM publihers)16. bilion i revnues in 206;5.8 ili (36%) ard by top :Elsevier, Kluwer Health, Springer, American Chemical Society,Wiley/Blackwell (merged in 2007)Publishing in prestigious journals related to tenure &promtioCitation rates related to tenure/promtionLibraies provide aces to and presrve contet -ac i restricted to faculty, stunts, staff of UBC andfrequently walk-in usersChallengin the traditional  modelof participating & acesingscholarshipThe Scholarly comunity– all tse wh sport the lifecyle ofscholarship -(resarchers, authors, editors, reviwers, publishers, fundigbodis, university aminitrators, libraies, radr)…are -evaluting traditional modelsFactors:•Cost: Masive scalation of journal subscription prices over past 2 decades–1986-205 journal subscriptions for a typical resarch libray increased by 27%.-2 nmber of oks urchsed b  typil resrch libry creased by 5 (for 1986-202)•Aces to resarch information:–Exiting publishing models restrict rather thn ecourage free flow of information.Cocerns aout public acce to taxpayr-fud resarch•Technological Advancemnt :–Te Iternt & revolution i uthorig and publishing technolgiesGave rise to the open aces movemnt and the mergnce of newmodls f sclarly omunicatios  publisin.Scholarship is changin:–new inovations & techolies, tandards, protocols, and formats to suport change.The emergence of new modelsof scholarly publishingDisciplinary Differences–Technological Advancement–Activism Position – ethical position;public access to informationWhy Activism Position?•Resarch results are paid for twice over by public tax dollars:–esarch grnts/fculty salariesJournl subscriptions•Aces to resarch is restricted to institutions that can ford thejournals•Pblic Aces to information•Conflit of intrestEg. Smith R (205) Medical Journals Are an Extension of theMarketing Arm of Phrmceticl Compies. PLS Md 2(5):e138 Published: ay 17, 205Advocating ChangePressure for change:•132 PROVOSTS support Open Access:http://www.arl.org/sparc/advocacy/frpaa/institutions.html“If universities pay the salaries of researchers and provide them with labs, and thefederal government provides those researchers with grants for their studies, whyshould those same universities feel they can’t afford to have access to researchfindings?”http://insidehighered.com/news/2006/07/28/provosts•Researchers are putting pressure on Societies:(e.g. Royal Society members); PLoS’ Open letter:http://www.plos.org/support/openletter.shtml•OA publications are more often cited:Eysenbach G. Citation advantage of open access articles. PLoS Biol 2006;4(5):e157.Other Pressures:Mandates to Encourage OA from GovernmentAncisIn Canada:•Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) – as of Jan 1, 2008:Research must be deposited in an Institutional Repository or Pubmed Central within 6months of publication.•(SHRC, NSERC …)Elsewhere worldwide:•As of October 1, 2006, all Wellcome Trust funded research must be deposited in PubMedCentral:•U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) – deposited in OA within 12 months of publicationas of April 7, 2008.•Federal Research Public Access Act of 2006 (Senate Bill 2695)•U.K. House of Commons Science & Technology Committee•European Union & DAREnetHigh Energy PhysicAdvocating for a change in valuemetrisStudent Activismhttp://www.openstudents.org/Student Activism•Gavin Baker•Students for Free CultreStudents for Free CultureStudents against DRMFaculty Mandates: ie. Harvrd’s OA PolicyOpen Access Flavoursgrengoldetc.Open Access•Two roads to open access:–Gren Road: self archiving a version of your published work andmaking it vilable on a publicly acesible site (i: prsnlwebsite, blog, institutiol repository)–Gold Road … publish in a journal that is open aces>�??>�>�???>�>�???>� A� >� >�???>�>�?????>�>�?????????•Biomed Central - 189 per-eviwed open aces•Public Libry of Scinc (PLOS):•Hindawi Pulishing Corp:•Directory of Ope Aces Journals (DOAJ)•Fr Medical Journal•re Ful text•PubMed Central•UBC’s Public Kowledge Project: OJSThe Green Road(self-archiving a traditionalpublication)Can the author post her work on her website, put i in arepository r sare it a cleagu?Author permisions?AMA CTA3. Copyright Transfer. In consideration of the action of the merican MedicalAsciatio (AM) in reviewing d eiting this subission (uscript, tbles,figures, video, audio, and other suplemental file for publication), Iherytranfr, asign, or therwis convey all copyright wnership, including an andll right incidetal trto, exlusivly t the AM, in t vent hat such workis publised by the AM.htp:/w.sherpa.c.uk/romeo.phAdding an addendum to CTAhttp://www.carl-abrc.ca/projects/author/author-e.htmlCompliance with OAMandates:In Canada:•Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) – as of Jan 1, 2008:Research must be deposited in an Institutional Repository or Pubmed Central within 6months of publication.•(SHRC, NSERC …)Elsewhere worldwide:•As of October 1, 2006, all Wellcome Trust funded research must be deposited in PubMedCentral:•U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) – deposited in OA within 12 months of publicationas of April 7, 2008.•Federal Research Public Access Act of 2006 (Senate Bill 2695)•U.K. House of Commons Science & Technology Committee•European Union & DAREnetTraditional subscriptionaccess modelgoing greenOpen Access2 roads to open acesmanuscript ….Open Access journal(PLOS Medicine; Biomedcentral, DOAJ)Open access copyin online archive(cIRcle; Pubmed Central)Traditional subscription aces jornalsArticles can be made OA by publishing in an OA jourl or rchiving OA copie from  trditnal publiatio goldNew Models ofScholarly PublishinggrenHow do I make my ResearchOpen Access?•Identify Gold/Gren Journals–Tools: sherpa/ romeo site to identify green journals (those that permitauthor to archive a version of work)–Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ); Public Library of Science;Biomedcentral;•Mange your copyright–Read CTAIf not green, utilize an addendum to attach to your CTA•Self-Archiving (Posting article/chapter/work in a reliable archive)–cIRcle; Pubmed CentralSelf-Archiving•Once you have the rights (you may lready have it if it is gren)•Arhiv t UBC’s cIRcle•Oter subject repoitories–Pubmed CentralOther open access repositories•ROAR registry: htp:/roar.eprints.org•penDOAR directory: ht:/w.pendoar.orgArchives:Institutional repositories &disciplinary archivesInstitutional Repositories/ DisciplinaryArchiveInstitutional Repositories:genrl aim to cntralize, presrve, and make frelyacsible an istitution’s intelctual record.Disciplinary Archives:subject bsed arivSubject DisciplinaryRepositories•arXiv.org:Open access to 419,855 e-prints in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science andQuantitative Biology•Pubmed Central:Free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the U.S. NationalInstitutes of Health (NIH)•Social Science Resarch Network:Social Science Research Network (SSRN) is devoted to the rapid worldwide disseminationof social science research and is composed of a number of specialized research networksin each of the social sciences.•NELCO Legal Scholarship RepositoryConsortium of 100 (law school) institutions•The Alexandria Archive Instiute htp:/w.alexandriarchive.org/The Alexandria Archive Institute works to build an open, Internet-based, knowledgecommons of world cultural heritage. Includes documentation of archaeological and relatedresearch, including: reports, observations, maps, plans, analyses, digital files and imagesof excavations and surveysIR’s around the world …https://circle.ubc.ca2 roads to open acesmanuscript ….Open Access journal(PLOS Medicine; Biomedcentral, DOAJ)Open access copyin online archive(cIRcle; Pubmed Central)Traditional subscription aces jornalsArticles can be made OA by publishing in an OA jourl or rchiving OA copie from  trditnal publiatio goldNew Models ofScholarly PublishinggrenA rapidly changin future …Changin notions of authorship& scholarly publishing in thedigital ageThe emergence of new modelsof scholarly publishingDisciplinary Differences–Technological Advancement–Activism Position – ethical position;public access to informationNotion of authorship & scholarlypublishing is rapidly evlvingA� >�??>�????????????>�>�???????????>�??????????>�>�??????>�?????????????>�?????????A� >�??>�????>�??	>� A� ??>�???????? A� >� ?????????????>�??????>�????>�??	????>�????????>�???????????>�A� >�????????>�????????>�???>�??????>�??>�????>�???>�?	????>�?????????>�>�????????>�>�???????>�????>�>�??????>�>�???????????>�?????????????>�>�?????????>�>�???????????>�???	?????>� A�A� >� >�? ? ?? ? ?? ? >�? ?? ?? ?? >�?	? ?>�???>�?? ? ? ? >�?? ?? ??? ? >�?? >�? ? ? ? ? ???? ? >�?? ? >�???	? >�? ?? ?? >�? ?	>�? ? ? ? ???? ? ?? >�>�?? ? ? ??? ? ? ?? >�>�?? ?? ? ?? >�>�? ? ??? ?? >�>�?? ??? ? ? ?? >�? ? ? ??? ? ? ?? >�>�??? ????? ? >�>� ?	 ? ? ? ? ?? >� >�?? ?? ? ?? >�Creating ew models of scholarlypublihing>�???? >�??>�>� ? ????>�>�?????? ??Open Source TxtboksOpen Dat AcesOpen aces “flavors”Gold nd grenBack issus opHybrid open acesPulic >�??? A� ? >�?>�???>�?????>�•Internt enabled•Nw gres: new forms of presentation,ne informatio blend•Nw mde for interaction•e busins modls•Nw relationships t per review>� ?? ?>�? ??? ? ?? ?>�??	>�? ? ? >�? ?? ? ??•Biomedcentral•Opn Micine•Nature blogs•Biomdcntral•Geoetry dTplog•Virtual Observatory•PbMed Centrl•Geomtry adTplog•ChemistryCentral•ArXiv•SIGMA•Hindawi•Svge Minds•PLo Biology•ReEc•PLOS Medicine•Valley of th Shadow•Ask Dr. Wiki•Persus Project•UBC’s cIRcleLibrary Suport forUBC AuthrsOther Flavours of OABack issues openly availableHybrid open access•American Chemical Society•American Institute ofPhysics•American Physical Society•BMJ (British MedicalJournal)•Blackwell•Cambridge UniversityPress•Elsevier•Oxford University Press•Royal Society (UK)•Springer•Taylor and FrancisPublishers ofering article by article payment for penaceibilty>�?? ? ? ? ? ? ? >� ? ?	 >� >� ?? ? >� >�? ? ? >� >� >� ?>�?????? >�Worldwie interst in storing dat in a trustworthy repository and making them“ply” avilable ad someties linkable t jurnal ctet.Brusels Declartion  STM Publishing statemnt:“Raw rarh dta should be made frely vilable to al resarchers”http:/w.stm-assoc.org/home/publishers-launch-brussels-declaration.htmlExamples:•Th Virtual Observatory, National Resarch Foundation (NSF) Cyberinfrastructre vision forte 21st century•Albrta Cybrinfrastructre for Inovation•UK’s Digitl urtion Centr (-sciece dt curation)•TeraGrid – open scitifc discovry infrastre, prterig with 9 sites•System f Agts for Foret Oberatio Rarch with Advanced Hirachies (SAFORAH)•Grid Canda•Resrch o Health CyberinfrastructreDat Webs: a new concept in digital information storage and integration that involes the abilty toharvt d at ito a cetrl searchble rgitry.“TeraGrid is the world's largest, mostcomprehniv distributed cybrinfratructre foren scitifc rearch.”CyberinfrastructureNew modes of interaction•Hosted blogs•Group los•Virtal conferencing>� ?? >�>�>�>�htp:/w.econmist.com/science/displaystory.cfm?story_id=1253189Research Bloginghtp:/resarchbloging.org/New relationships to peer review•Preprint distribution•ostrint eposit•Overlay journals•pr2per reviewValley of the ShadowNew busines models•Author-side publication fes•Endwmnt sport•Subissio fes•Overhad-suportable publishing•Partnrships•Also … new licenseNew Licenses>�>�>�>�>�>�??????•Infrastructure Support for New Models–IR – cIRcleE-journal Hosting using PK’s OJS software–Digitiztion prject•UBC Library Supports memberships to OA publications–PLOS, BMC,–DOAJ•Scholarly Communication Steering CommitteeInfrastructure suport for new models>�?? ?>�>� ?? ????? ?? ?>� A� >� >� >�>� A� ? >� >� >� >� >�>�>�>�>�???	?????http://angel.libray.ubc.ca/cdm4/index_col1.php?CISOROT=/col1Engaging in ResearchNew Publishing Models Study–ARL, UBC Library, Cornell University Library and the University ofWashington Library - Ithaka sponsorship.–Purpose of the project:•Learn how faculty/resarchers are involed in ew models of scholarship on2 cmpuse•Devlo a dtabse to store this information that instiutions could acesand cntribute to.•Timeframe:–April 1st to May 31st, interview sample faculty & test toolMay 31st to July 31st conduct data gathering more widely–Reporting Findings Fall 2008.The First Journal(Transactions of the Philosphical Society (165)Traditional subscriptionaccess modelOpen AccessNew Models of ScholarshipWe refuse to accept a future of digital feudalism where we do not actuallyown the products we buy, but we are merely granted limited uses of them aslong as we pay the rent.We will make, share, adapt, and promote open content. We will listen to free music,look at free art, watch free film, and read free books. All the while, we will contribute,discuss, annotate, critique, improve, improvise, remix, mutate, and add yet moreingredients into the free culture soup.We believe that culture should be a two-way affair, about participation, notmerely consumption. We will not be content to sit passively at the end of aone-way media tube.mission …is to build a bottom-up, participatory structure to society andculture, rather than a top-down, closed, proprietary structure. Through thedemocratizing power of digital technology and the Internet, we can placethe tools of creation and distribution, communication and collaboration,teaching and learning into the hands of the common person>� ??????>�>�??	??? ?????Joy KirchnerProject Mangr, ScholarlyComuications&Sciences Collections Librarian forSience (STM) Lries(604) 827-364 joy.kirchner@ubc.aIntroduction to Open Aces presentation byJoy Kircher is licsd undr a CrativeCmons Attributio-Nocomercial-ShareAlike 2.5 Canda Licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ca/

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