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Planned obsolescence : publishing, technology, and the future of the academy Fitzpatrick, Kathleen 2012

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Planned Obsolescence: Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the AcademyKathleen Fitzpatrick // @kfitzkfitzpatrick@mla.org“In many cases, traditions last not because they are excellent, but because influential people are averse to change and because of the sheer burdens of transition to a better state.”— Cass Sunstein, Infotopia“There is no way to stop the shake-up of the university press system from happening.  It has already begun.” — Lindsay Waters, Enemies of PromiseobsolescencedeathThe Anxiety of Obsolescencedeath of the novelcultural wildlife preservedot-com crash“too much financial risk... to pursue in the current economy”— the marketing guys“They were planning on making money off of your book?”— Mominsupportable economic modeluniversity pressesuniversity librariesrising costs of journalscollection sharingone-thirdsubsidiesreduced number of titles publishedmarketingthe crisis in academic publishingthe academic bookno longer viablebut still requiredundeadzombiedeath-in-livelihoodreally?undeadmaterialink-on-paperpixels-on-screensprintfractiondigitalmaterial obsolescencepersistencesephemeraldurabilityarchivesinteractioninstitutionalsystem“In fact I completely understand why that’s not realistic, and I’m not seriously advocating it.  Nor am I suggesting that we all become our own online publishers, at least not unless that’s part of a continuum of different options.  But the point is, the system’s broken and it’s time we got busy fixing it.  What ought to count is peer review and scholarly merit, not the physical form in which the text is ultimately delivered.”— Matt Kirschenbaumscholarly publishingconsider articles published by tenure candidates as seriously as booksacknowledge and fairly evaluate online scholarshipeasier said than doneMediaCommonsMediaCommonsPlanned ObsolescenceJohn Willinsky, The Access PrincipleChristine Borgman, Scholarship in the Digital AgeconservativeWe Have Never Done It That Way Before“While we are very adept at discussing the texts of novels, plays, poems, film, advertising, and even television shows, we are usually very reticent, if not wholly unwilling, to examine the textuality of our own profession, its scripts, values, biases, and behavioral norms.”— Donald Hallself-criticismchangesocial, intellectual and institutional changecostaccessthe ways we researchthe ways we writethe ways we reviewpeer reviewpeer reviewbut“What ought to count is peer review and scholarly merit, not the physical form in which the text is ultimately delivered.”disciplinary technologyself-policinggatekeepingscarcity is overplenitudecreate artificial scarcitycoping with abundanceimpactpost-publicationwhether a text should be publishedhow it has been (and should be) receivedfrom regulation to communicationfacilitating“peer-to-peer review”“the new metrics of scholarly authority” — Michael Jensenscarcityfilters31,650+ pageloads12,100+ first-time visitors3370+ return visitors295 comments44 commenters400“publication”authorshipproductsprocessescommunity“We know now that a text consists not of a line of words, released a single ‘theological’ meaning (the ‘message’ of the Author-God), but of a multi-dimensional space in which are married and contested several writings, none of which is original:  the text is a fabric of quotations, resulting from a thousand sources of culture.”— Roland Barthesinteractionprocesscontrolcollaborativeoriginalityremixpublisherslibrariesuniversitiesknowledge productionobsolescenceresponseundeadchangethanks!Kathleen Fitzpatrick // @kfitzkfitzpatrick@mla.org  Planned Obsolescence: Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy Kathleen Fitzpatrick // @kfitz kfitzpatrick@mla.org  “In many cases, traditions last not because they are excellent, but because influential people are averse to change and because of the sheer burdens of transition to a better state.” — Cass Sunstein, Infotopia  “There is no way to stop the shake-up of the university press system from happening. It has already begun.” — Lindsay Waters, Enemies of Promise  obsolescence  death  The Anxiety of Obsolescence  death of the novel  cultural wildlife preserve  dot-com crash  “too much financial risk... to pursue in the current economy” — the marketing guys  “They were planning on making money off of your book?” — Mom  insupportable economic model  university presses  university libraries  rising costs of journals  collection sharing  one-third  subsidies  reduced number of titles published  marketing  the crisis in academic publishing  the academic book  no longer viable  but still required  undead  zombie  death-in-livelihood  really?  undead  material  ink-on-paper  pixels-on-screens  print  fraction  digital  material obsolescence  persistences  ephemeral  durability  archives  interaction  institutional  system  “In fact I completely understand why that’s not realistic, and I’m not seriously advocating it. Nor am I suggesting that we all become our own online publishers, at least not unless that’s part of a continuum of different options. But the point is, the system’s broken and it’s time we got busy fixing it. What ought to count is peer review and scholarly merit, not the physical form in which the text is ultimately delivered.” — Matt Kirschenbaum  scholarly publishing  consider articles published by tenure candidates as seriously as books  acknowledge and fairly evaluate online scholarship  easier said than done  MediaCommons  MediaCommons  Planned Obsolescence  John Willinsky, The Access Principle Christine Borgman, Scholarship in the Digital Age  conservative  We Have Never Done It That Way Before  “While we are very adept at discussing the texts of novels, plays, poems, film, advertising, and even television shows, we are usually very reticent, if not wholly unwilling, to examine the textuality of our own profession, its scripts, values, biases, and behavioral norms.” — Donald Hall  self-criticism  change  social, intellectual and institutional change  cost access  the ways we research  the ways we write  the ways we review  peer review  peer review  but  “What ought to count is peer review and scholarly merit, not the physical form in which the text is ultimately delivered.”  disciplinary technology  self-policing  gatekeeping  scarcity is over  plenitude  create artificial scarcity  coping with abundance  impact  post-publication  whether a text should be published  how it has been (and should be) received  from regulation to communication  facilitating  “peer-to-peer review”  “the new metrics of scholarly authority” — Michael Jensen  scarcity  filters  31,650+ pageloads 12,100+ first-time visitors 3370+ return visitors 295 comments 44 commenters  400  “publication”  authorship  products  processes  community  “We know now that a text consists not of a line of words, released a single ‘theological’ meaning (the ‘message’ of the Author-God), but of a multidimensional space in which are married and contested several writings, none of which is original: the text is a fabric of quotations, resulting from a thousand sources of culture.” — Roland Barthes  interaction  process  control  collaborative  originality  remix  publishers  libraries  universities  knowledge production  obsolescence  response  undead  change  thanks! Kathleen Fitzpatrick // @kfitz kfitzpatrick@mla.org  

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