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Rain Fails to Dampen Centre Opening UBC Reports 1981

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Volume 27, Number 12  June 10, 1981  II  1 President  I  I  presents brief on funding  Federal funding support must be continued to maintain Canada’s existing national network of universities, UBC President Douglas T . Kenny told a parliamentary committee hearing briefs on federal-provinical fiscal arrangements in Victoria June 3. Dr. Kenny told the seven-member task force that federal participation in higher-education funding brings longterm benefits to the nation and is crucial to Canada’s continued economic and cultural growth. He said the federal government has the responsibility of ensuring a nationwide balance of higher educational opportunities and scholarly capability; the inter-provincial mobility of university students; support and fostering of excellence in scholarship, research and the advancement of knowledge; the maintenance of a highly qualified labor force and the international exchange of Canadian scholars with those of other countries. Under a 1977 agreement that is due to expire next April, federal support now comes in the form of tax credits and direct cash payments to the provinces-with no stipulation that the money actually be used for universities. In 1980-81, for example, British Columbia received $190 million in cash and $145 million in tax transfers. Ottawa has suggested that it would like to drop the cash transfer part of the arrangement. The parliamentary task force has held hearings across the country and is to report to the federal cabinet by June 26 with recommendations on any changes in ) federal policy. * Dr. Kenny,in his brief,tracedthe history of federal support of universities from the end of the Second World War. “The growing involvementof the , federal government in providing financial support for post-secondary education has coincided with the acceleration of social development,” he said. The UBC president cautioned against “opting for short-term 1 solutions which may have adverse long-term effects”, noting that universities were not internal combustion engines to be switched on and off at will. Please turn to page 2 See PRESIDENT 1  Official opening of UBC’s new Asian Centre Friday (June 5) became an international affair when B.C. Premier William Bennett inuited Prince Norihito of Mikasa, a member of the royal family of Japan, to join him in ribbon-cutting ceremony. On prince’s right is UBC President Douglas Kenny. T o M r . Bennett’s left are Dean of Arts Robert Will, Director of Ceremonies Ben Moyls and Chancellor J . V . Clyne.  Rain fails to dampen Centre opening A prince and a premier shared a pair of golden shears to cut a blue and yellow ribbon on Friday - and UBC’s  magnificent new Asian Centre was officially open. Premier William Bennett,  Foreign students supported Premier William Bennett was applauded loudly on Friday when he told an audience of more than 400 that more foreign students should be admitted to British Columbia universities. “I think that Canadians and the people at the University should not respond to those who show concern but should be aggressive in encouraging the educational interchange and the expansion of it,” Premier Bennett said during his remarks at the opening of the Asian Centre. Here is the part of the Premier’s speech relating to visiting students: “I saw that our opportunities were more than trade as we went through countries such as Indonesia and met some of the leaders of commerce, or of plants, business and industry and politics. “It was pleasing, Dr. Kenny, to realize that some of these people one in particular, I can remember looked at Canada fondly and British Columbia in particular, and the  University of British Columbia because he was a graduate of our University. He stressed to me the importance that it would be shortsighted indeed ifwe ever restrict - in fact ifwe did not expand - the educational opportunities for others to come and study and learn with us. “I hope this will be a two-way street, President Kenny, for it’s an immeasurable investment, and an investment in that type of educational exchange worth a few thousand dollars is worth a million dollars of diplomacy later on in our history. “I think that Canadians and the people at the University should not respond to those who show concern but should be aggressive in encouraging the educational interchange and the expansion of it. “It will be a challenge for all of us, then, to respond to these needs and extend those opportunities. But certainly we have a great opportunity for understanding and for trade and to share with one another, and the universities can be the leading edge.”  designated as the official ribboncutter, called upon His Imperial Highness Prince Norihito of Mikasa, nephew of the Emperor of Japan, to share the duty with him. Jointly, they snipped the ribbon stretching across the entrance causeway to the applause of some 400 guests. That was at 4 o’clock in the afternoon, fortunately during a brief break in a day of almost continuous heavy rain. Although the weather did little to dampen enthusiasm, it did force the University to move most of the opening ceremony into the Recital Hall of the Music Building - packed to well beyond normal capacity. Chancellor J.V. Clyne, who noted that it was a day marked with “pride of accomplishment,” introduced the five speakers - Joseph Whitehead, chairman of the Asian Centre fundraising committee; Senator Ray Perrault , representing the federal government; Prince Norihito, who is studying law at Queen’s University in Kingston; UBC President Douglas Kenny, and then Premier Bennett. Following the ribbon-cutting, the many guests thronged through the Please turn to page 2 See CENTRE  UBC Reports June 10, 1981  UCB’C system of funding criticized A special committee of UBC’s Senate has called for a significant revision of the formula used by the Universities Council of B.C. to allocate operating grants among B.C.’s three public universities. The committee, in its report to the May meeting of Senate, said UBC is seriously underfunded because the way in which the formula is applied results in a distribution of funds which “totally ignores the differences in relative costs inherent in different programs, many of the more costly of which are unique to UBC.”  Centre  Hoofing it at a recent exhibit at UBCk Museum of Anthropology are these two well-known campus administrators, Prof. Michael Shaw, left, academic wicepresident and provost, and museum director Dr. Michael Ames. Occasion was the official opening of display entitled “Hunt Family Heritage: Contemporary Kwakiutl Art,” a travelling exhibit from the National Museumof Man, which continuesuntil Aug. 30. Evening was enlivened by apel-formance by theHunt family dancers who persuaded the two UBC officials to don costumes and perform f o r large crowd in the museum’s great hall.  Preside nt  ~  continued from pageI  “They are delicate institutions that have resulted from a long accumulation of a ‘critical mass’ of human imagination and creativity. If universities are denied the resources to function optimally, then their ability to serve Canadian society will be hampered.” Dr. Kenny said he supported the brief of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, of which UBC is a member. The AUCC brief said that education is a national investment and that any precipitous changes in the post-secondary funding will be disasterous to Canadian universities; that the present arrangements of unconditional transfers may not be the best means by which the federal government can provide visible and accountable financial support to Canadian universities; and that changes in the block funding of the Extended Programs Financing act would be welcomed. To that end he presented his own personal proposal as an alternative which would give credit to the federal role in the financing of higher education. In making his proposal to have the federal government give direct tuition grants to university students, Dr. Kenny said he was assuming that the tax transfer part of the 1977 agreement would be continued, that the federal government should be responsible for a fixed percentage of the operating costs of universities and  that students should be hTven a country-wide choice in higher education. He also said that although students should always pay part of the cost of their education, tuition fees should never equal the full cost of a university education, “since society gains more by higher education than does the individual.” The UBC president said his proposal would also ensure that all provincial governments supported higher education. The first step in determining what Ottawa might contribute via tuition grants would be for each province to make known its total operating grant to its system of higher education. Next, he said, each institution should set its tuition fees and determine all operating expenditures for the year. The third step would be for the federal government to determine its “visible and accountable” contribution to the total operating costs of all of the universities. This contribution would be a fixed percentage, tied to growth of the Gross National Product (GNP). The final step in the sequence, Dr. Kenny said, would be for Ottawa to make a Federal Tuition Grant (FTG) to each student enrolled in a university, the size of the grant to be determined by the number of students and the total federal contribution relative to provincial grants and fee revenue.  2  continued f7om page 1 four-storey building that is noted for its distinctive roof. The high, pyramidal roof, with an elaborate raised skylight, is supported by girders that were a gift to the University from the Sanyo Corporation of Japan. The girders were used to support the roof of the Sanyo pavilion at Expo ’70 in Osaka and arrived on campus the following year. Construction of the Asian Centre began in 1974 and the first phase was completed in 1975. Original funding came from the Province of British Columbia, the Government of Canada, the Japanese Federation of Economic Organizations, the Japanese World Exposition and a fund-raising campaign supported by both Asian and Canadian interests. Escalating costs and more difficult economic times delayed completion of the structure, however, the provincial government finally making the job possible by authorizing additional funding in 1979. Total cost, including furnishing and landscaping, was $5.4 million. President Kenny said during his remarks on Friday that an occasion such as the opening of the Asian Centre “causes a lifting of the heart and the mind throughout the whole community. But more than that, nothing is more stirring than the reminder that humanity is one race, with one destiny.” “ I am convinced that our Asian Centre will become an invaluable national asset which will serve the cause of mutual understanding between Canada and Asia,” Dr. Kenny <aid. “So let i t be said that Asians and Canadians, working together to bring about the Asian Centre, have achieved today a new era of co-operation and commitment. “Our children will inherit our mutual success,’’ President Kenny concluded. Occupying the building are UBC’s Department of Asian Studies, the Institute of Asian Research and the Asian Studies Library. There is also space for the Asian interests of UBC’s Departments of Music, Fine Arts and Theatre. The Asian Centre is located just off West Mall, right next to the Nitobe Garden, surrounded by a classical Japanese garden of its own. This landscaping was completed by Roy Sumi, landscape consultant to architect Donald Matsuba. Mr. Sumi was gardener in the Nitobe Garden for many years.  4  Data compiled by the committee show that “UBC would have received about $12.5 million more in 1980-81 than it actually did” if the formula had been applied in such a way that thedistribution of fundsamongthe I three universities was in proportion to the relative cost-weighted, full-time equivalent student enrolments. The data also show, the report adds, that on the average “UBC received 16 per cent less than UVic and 22 percent less than SFU per WFTE (cost-weighted full-time equivalent student) over the last three years. There are two fundamental reasons for the inequitable allocation of funds, the report continues. * 1 The first of these is an assumption that economies of scale are possible at UBC because of higher enrolments. “At a university like UBC,” the report says, “which offers a wide range of specialized undergraduate, graduate and professional programs requiring i special facilities and frequently with relatively small enrolments, there are few costs which depend only on the size of the university. “It is our conclusion that the assumptionimplicitinthisformula , that large economics of scale are \ possible at UBC is ill-founded.” The second assumption centres on inclusion in the formula of one special cost factor - SFU’s trimester system. The LJCBC formula does not recognize that UBC operates many academic programs on a year-round basis, the report says, and no allowance is made for additional UBC operating costs arising from the relative age of its buildings and the operation of a comprehensive library that serves as a province-wide resource. The committee concludes its report with four specific recommendations. These call for: Dropping the ‘head count’ factor from the allocation mechanism “until I there is good empirical evidence for substantial economies of scale in B.C. universities”; An allowance to be made for sprinl and summer sessions at UBC and UVi if such an allowance is to continue for SFU; Full recognition to be given to the cost-weighted FTE measure in the allocation mechanism; and The phasing in of changes over a reasonable period.  ‘  1  4  5  Operating grant up 11.83 per cent UBC’s general purpose operating grant for 1981-82 has been set at $157,477,000 by the Universities Council of B.C., an increase of 11.83 per cent over the 1980-81 general purpose operating grant. The University’s total operating grant is $161,050,000, an increase of 12.37 per cent. The total grant includes just over $3.5 million that must be used for designated purposes. Wages and salaries are paid from the general purpose grant. The general purpose operating grant for the University of Victoria is up 13.9 per cent, and Simon Fraser University’s is up 11.63 per cent.  J  


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