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First Asian Centre Visit UBC Reports 1986

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UBC Reporb apt 11 le86 Expedition  finds vents, ore Artificial  intelligence and robotics developments  may be the keys  needed to mine  millions  of tons of petal-bearing sulphides from the floor  of the Pacific  Ocean, says a  University  of B.C. geologist. Prof.  Dick Chase  of  UBC‘s  Department  of Geological  Sciences is just  back from a  two- week  scientific  expedition to B.C.’s  West Coast, 200 kilometres off Vancouver  Island. 2,500 metres below the surface  of the ocean, the expedition found deposits  of sulphide compounds created when heated  sea  water rushes out of  volcanic  vents on the ocean floor. Prof.  Chase  says the 1986 expedition,  a joint effort by  UBC and the University  of Toronto, explored a  large  deposit  of  minerals found in 1984, and located  a  new hot vent area 30 kilometres to the north.  The  scientists carried out their  work  aboard the Canadian Forces  auxiliary  vessel  Endeavour. He  estimates  there  are  some  three to 5 million tons of  sulphides  of  zinc,  copper,  silver and gold in the area known as Southern Explorer  Ridge.  The  size  of the new  vent  field, on Northern  Explorer  Ridge,  is  not  yet  known. “But,”  he  hastens to add, “don’t hold your breath in anticipation that these  minerals  will be immediately  mined. At present  it’s  cheaper to mine the same ores on dry land before  we begin mining the seas.” The  UBC-Toronto  discoveries,  he  says, may help to spur  Canadian  development of specialized  underwater  vehicles that would roam the ocean  floor,  armed with a  chemical probe that could identify  ore-grade  deposits. Robotically  armed  vehicles would collect the minerals, bringing them to the surface. we  suspect,  Dr.  Chase  says.  At least  two federal  departments -- Energy, Mines  and Resources,  Fisheries and Oceans -- are fostering  research  that could ultimately lead to the development  of such vehicles. In addition to the sulphides, which will be analysed  at the University  of  Toronto, the expedition also collected  volcanic  rock. Prof. Chase will analyse the rock samples,  many  of which are geologically  comparatively  new. The  scientists used an  instrument called a CTDnransrnissometer to locate the vents around which the suiphides  grow.  The CTDnransmissometer  detects  particles  of iron oxide in the plume of  sea  water  that  has  mixed with volcanic  vent  fluid,  and  can  measure the slight  increase in water  temperature  of the plume. Technology  of this kind may be closer than In 1984, a  similar expedition to Southern Explorer  Ridge used Pisces  IV, a diving submersible,  to  get  a  closeup  view  of the ocean-floor  vents.  The  scientists  saw  bizarre forms  of life found nowhere  else on earth. These included meter-long  worms  that live in tubes and exist  by  breathing the hydrogen sulphide-laden  vent  water and ingesting  multi- colored bacterial  colonies.  Large  numbers  of long-legged crabs  were found feeding on the worms. The  ocean  floor  vents form where CrUStal plates on the ocean  floor pull away from each other.  Explorer  Ridge is formed at the junction between the Pacific  Plate, which is moving in the direction of  Japan, and the Explorer  Plate, which is moving under  Northern  Vancouver Island. These  massive  plates  rest on the almost molten  earth’s  mantle.  Slow  currents in the mantle  help to move the plates. University  of  Toronto,  were  chief  scientists involved in the 1984,1985 and 1986 . expeditions.  UBC  students involved in the most  recent expedition were  geology  students Gregory  T. Shea and Alexander  Denton  and engineering  student John Criswick. Both the expeditions  were supported by the Natural  Sciences  and  Engineering  Research Council of  Canada.  Profs.  Scott and Chase  are seeking  sources  of funding from industry  and government to enable  them to continue  their research. Prof.  Chase, and UBC  Prof.  Steven  Scott, The  University  Health  and  Safety Committee  has  recently prepared a  policy proposal for non-smoking at  UBC, the details of which are published below.  The  committee, made up of eighteen  members  representing all areas  of the campus  community,  welcome comments from students, staff and  faculty. These  comments  will  then be used in preparing a  recommendation  for  consideration by the President  in preparing recommendations  to the Board  of  Governors. Please  address  any  comments  you  may have to the Wayne  Greene,  Director  of Occupational  Health  and  Safety, Old Administration Building. All comments  must  be received by September  26th. Clean Indoor Air has the right to pollute the air  of others with any substances known to be hazardous to health. In general,  employers are required by the Industrial Health  and Safety  Regulations  to ensure  that  stringent  contamination  and air quality conditions are  met.  Exposure to smoking in the  workplace or public areas  of .the campus is a  health  hazard as well as  an annoyance,  and  all  persons on the University’s campus,  whether  students,  staff,  or  visitors have the right to breathe  clean indoor air in places of public assembly,  passage,  workplace or  classroom. The  University  recognizes  that no individual 1. Public Areas Smoking is not  permitted in public areas, such as thefollowing: * conference  rooms * lecture  rooms * laboratories * common  study rooms * elevators * hallways  or  foyers * washrooms * indoor recreation areas or  change  rooms * public reception areas * theatres A maximum  of 50% of  the  seating in Food Service  facilities  may be designated as smoking  areas, but these  areas must be away from access  to the servery,  and should have ventilation to prevent smoke  drifting to pollute the air  of non-smokers. 2. Places of  Emplovment employee  may object about smoke in his  or her  workplace.  They  shall  address  their objections to the Department  Head or  Director, to the supervisor,  or to the safety  Committee chairman  of the area, who  shall be responsible for  attempting  to  reach an accommodation, if possible,  between the preferences  of  smoking employees  and  those  employees who do  not In addition to the places noted above,  any wish  to  have  their  air polluted by  smoke. Where  an  agreement  cannot be reached which is  satisfactory  to  all  of the affected employees, the preferences  of  non-smoking employees will prevail.  The Dean,  Director  or Department  Head  will  then prohibit smoking in the  workplace so that  all  employees will work in  a  smoke-free  environment.  This  shall include private  offices  where the building’s air circulation  system  draws  the  smoke  into the air space  of  others, and would also  include  staff lunchrooms. 3. Siqns The  majority  of the adult population of the Vancouver  area  are  non-smokers, thus non- smoking  is the norm,  and  smoking  is  the exception.  Signs,  therefore,  shall be posted to indicate areas where  smoking is permitted. It is  emphasized  that the absence  of non- smoking  signs  does  not  infer  that  smoking is allowed. to  inform  visitors  that the University’s  policies prohibit smoking  except in designated areas. All buildings will have  a sign at the entrance 4. Communication The  University’s  ”Clean  Air  Policy” will be communicated to all  students in the University’s  academic  calendar.  Students  who continue  to  smoke in restricted  areas  shall be dealt  with  first  by the Dean  of  their  faculty,  and, if necessary, through the President’s  Advisory Committee on Student  Discipline. communicated to all  University  employees. Any member  of the University who refuses  to cooperate  with  the  policy as stated  above  shall be dealt with through the normal  disciplinary procedures. 5. Smokina  Areas Where  possible,  areas  where  smoking is permitted will be specifically  designated in ,buildings which  have  adequate  ventilation to separate the smoking  room’s air to prevent the contamination  of the building air supply. The  ”Clean  Air  Policy” will be Looking over volcanic  rocks  dredged up this  summer  from  the  floor  of  the  Pacific Ocean 200 kilometres off Vancouver Island are  Prof. Dick Chase, left, of  UBC’s Depart- ment of  Geological  Sciences  and colleague, Prof. Steven Scott of the University of Toronto. Rock  samples will be analysed  at  UBC by Prof. Chase. OCTOBER 1986 * Agrlculture  Canada -Extramural  Research  Grant [31] * Alberta  Forest  Servlce -Forest  Development  Research  Fund  Grant (151 * Alberta  Herltage  Fdn.  for  Medical  Research -Medical Research  Fellowships (11 ’ American  Chemlcal  Society:  PRF -Research  Type  AC [l] * American  Councll of Learned  Socleties -Chma  Conference  Travel  Grants [l] * American Lung  Assoclatlon -Traming Fellowships [l] -Trudeau Scholar  Awards [l] -AssociateshtpsILAsslstantships 1151 -Fellowships (151 -Research [15] -International  Scholarships  Post  Doctoral (311 -Travel  Grant for  Post-doctoral  Fellows [IS] -HlstoricalArchaeological Program [I] -Research  Fellowships [25] -Research  Fellowshlps [31] -Visiting Fellowships [31] * Canadian Cystic  Fibrosls Fdn. -FellowshipsforTrammgand Research [I] -Research [l] -Scholarship [l] * Canadian  Geriatrlcs  Research  Society -Studentship (11 * Canadian  International  DevelopmentAgency(C1DA) -Research [l] -CIDAIICDS  lnstttutlonal  Development  Llnkages Arthritis  Soclety * AUCC:  lnternatlonal  Relations B.C. Cancer  Foundation ’ B.C. Herltage  Trust * Cambridge  Univ.  (Peterhouse) Canadian  Commonwealth  SchollFell.  Committee [lo1 * General Motors Cancer Res. Fdn. * Guggenheim, John Slmon, Memortal  Foundatton * Hannah  lnstltute -Research  Prwe [Z] -J.S. Guggenhelm  Fellowships [l] -Publications Assistance [1] First  Asian  Centre visit The  former  commissioner-general  of  the Sanyo  Pavilion  at  Expo 70, a man who played a key role in the building of  UBC‘s  Asian Centre,  visited the campus  this  summer  for  his first-ever  look at the handsome  centre. to  donate the steel  girders  that support the unique,  pyramidal  roof  of the building. The idea  of  relocating  Sanyo’s  Expo 70 pavilion at  UBC  was suggested  to  Mr.  Nishi by Prof.  Shotaro lida of  the  Department  of  Asian Studies. However,  Mr.  Nishi,  now  retired from a public relations post with Sanyo, had never seen the reconstructed building, which was redesigned  for  University  use  by  Vancouver architect  Donald  Matsuba and landscaped  by Roy  Sumi. President  David  Strangway  invited  Mr.  Nishi to come  to  Vancouver  this  summer to view  the Kazuhiko  Nishi  was  the man who decided building which houses the Asian  Studies Library,  the  Department  of  Asian  Studies  and the  Institute  of Asian  Research. He was a  special  guest  at  a  luncheon attended by  UBC  and community  leaders  and recent  UBC  graduates  who are associated  with firms  that  have  close  business  ties  with Japanese  companies. Characteristically, the generosity  of the Sanyo Corporation  surfaced  once  again  during Mr.  Nishi’s  visit. He announced that Sanyo would donate the  latest  version of a  facsimile  transmission and  receiving  machine  to the Asian  Centre. Asian  Centre  officials  said  the  machine  will save  UBC  hundreds of dollars  annually in postage and other shipping costs  because  the academic units in the building are constantly being asked  to provide information  to  students and  scholars at other  universities. * Health,  Education  and  Welfare, U.S. Dept.  of -Small  Grants  Program (11 * IMASCO-CDC  Research  Foundatlon -Research [I] * lnstltute of Urban  Studies,  Wlnnlpeg -CMHC  Senlor  Fellowshlp [15] * lnternatlonal Unlon Agamst Cancer ’ -Eleanor  Roosevelt  Cancer  Fellowshlps [l] -1nternatlonal Fellowshlps [l] -JSPS  Fellowshlp  for  Research In Japan [l] -1nternatlonal  Projects [31] -Career  Development  Award [I] -Postdoctoral  Fellowshlps [I] -National Research Fellowship Program (11 -Research [15] -Grant-ln-Ald [15] -Vwt!ng  Sclentlsts [l] -MRC Group (11 -FrancelCanada  MRC  Exchange 111 -Research  for  DysklneslaILTortlcollls (11 -Career  Development  Grants [I] -Postdoctoral  Fellowshlps [l] -Research [l] -Research  Studentshlps [l] * Natlonal  Inst. of Education (US) “llitaryand  Strategic  Studies  Program [lo] * National  Kldney  Foundatlon -NIE  Research  Grants [6] -Research  Fellowshlps [I] * Natlonal  Research  Councll of Canada * NSERC:  Fellowshlps  Divlston -The  Steacle  Prue [4] * NSERC:  Intl.  Relatlons  Divlslon -University Research  Fellowshlp [l] -CIDA/NSERC  Research  Assoclates:  LDC’s [15] -Exch: Braz., Czech., Japan, Bulg., UK, Sulsse, -Internattonal  Collaboratwe  Research [15] * NSERC:  Major  lnstallatlon -1nternatlonal Scientlflc  Exchange  Awards [15] ‘ NSERC:  Vector  Computer  Faclhty -Major  lnstallatlon [I] * Osgoode  Society -DorvalVectorAccess [l] * Royal  College of Phystcians  and  Surgeons of Canada -Fellowship In Canadlan  Legal  Hlstory [IS] -Detweiler  ClinlcalTrameeshtp [l] -Bora  Laskm  Fellowship in Human Rlghts [l] -Crimtnologlcal  Research [I] -Canada  Research  Fellowshlps [l] -Jules IL Gabrlelle  Leger  Fellowshlp [1] -Postdoctoral  Fellowshlp [I] -Sp.  PDF  for  Research on Urban  Poverty In * Japan Socletyfor  the  Promotton  of  Sclence * Japan World  Exposn.  Commemor.  Fund * Juvenlle  Dlabetes  Fdn. (US) * Kldney  Foundatlon  of  Canada * Mallgnant  Hyperthermla Assoc. * MRC:  Awards Program * MRC:  Grants  Programs * MRC:  Speclal  Programs * Multlple Sclerosis Socletyof Canada ’ Natlonal  Defence  Canada Germany,  Austrla (151 Secretaryof  Statec/o S.S.H.R.C. * Sollcltor  General  of  Canada SSHRC:  Fellowshlps Dbvlslon ” SSHRC: Intl.  Relatlons  Dlvlslon Canada [E] -And to  International  Secretanates [I] -Bilateral Exchange:  Chma [l] -Bilateral  Schol. Exchange:  Japan & Hungary [l] -Bilateral Scholarly  Exchange:  France [1] -International Collaboratlve  Research [l] -Atd  to  Learned  Journals [14] -Ald  to Occasional Conferences [30] -Research [15] -Research Tme  Stipend (151 -Standard  Research  Grants (151 -Commonwealth  Fellowshlp [l] * SSHRC: Research  Communlc. DIV. * SSHRC:  Research  Grants  Dlvlslon ‘ St.  John’s  College Please turn to Page 4 See DEADLINES a 


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