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1993 - 2000 report : updated to March 2002 Fisheries Centre. University of British Columbia 2002-07-21

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The Fisheries Centre University of British Columbia  	          INTRODUCTION   This brief report summarizes the achievements and output of the Fisheries Centre from the end of the period covered by the 1993-2000 report until March 2002. It is primarily intended as a submission to the Fisheries Centre Review Panel, which will meet in May 2002, but will also serve as the nucleus of a formally published report to be issued in 2004. Each of the themes and topics covered in the 1993-2000 report is briefly updated herein. Where not mentioned, an update was not available. In addition, several of the 11 factual annexes are updated.  Taken together, the original 1993-2000 report with this update, provide a comprehensive record of the Fisheries Centre’s development, output and activities, but this document is not intended to be read in isolation from the full 1993-2000 report.    Page 1 CONTENTS  Page  RESEARCH THEMES ..............................................................................................................................................  3  Estimating the True Fish Catch ...............................................................................................................  3  Development of ECOPATH .......................................................................................................................  4  Some Applications of ECOPATH WITH ECOSIM .......................................................................................  4  Ecosystem Impacts of Seamount Fisheries .............................................................................................  4  Back to the Future ...................................................................................................................................  5  What Is It Worth to Reconstruct the Past? ..............................................................................................  7  Back to the Future in Hong Kong ............................................................................................................  8  Sea Around Us .........................................................................................................................................  8  Rapid Appraisal of the Status of Fisheries – RAPFISH ..........................................................................  10  Bioeconomics ..........................................................................................................................................  10  Recreational Fisheries .............................................................................................................................  10  Marine Reserves and Human-Made Reefs in Hong Kong ......................................................................  11  Schooling Pelagic Fish ............................................................................................................................  11  Fish Biodiversity: FishBase .....................................................................................................................  12  IUCN .......................................................................................................................................................  13  Fish Biodiversity: Chesapeake Bay .........................................................................................................  13  Coasts under Stress ..................................................................................................................................  13  Putting Fishers’ Knowledge to Work ......................................................................................................  14  4th World Fisheries Congress .................................................................................................................  14   The Congress Theme ........................................................................................................................  15   Keynote Speakers ..............................................................................................................................  15  Aboriginal Fisheries ................................................................................................................................  16  Project Seahorse ......................................................................................................................................  17   ANNEX 1: FISHERIES CENTRE MEMBERS ........................................................................................................................... 19 ANNEX 2: FISHERIES CENTRE RESEARCH REPORTS ........................................................................................................... 25 ANNEX 3: PUBLICATIONS BY MEMBERS ............................................................................................................................ 27 ANNEX 4: CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS ...................................................................................................................... 35 ANNEX 5: SEMINARS ......................................................................................................................................................... 37 ANNEX 6: GRADUATE COURSES ........................................................................................................................................ 41 ANNEX 9: RESEARCH SUPPORT INCOME ............................................................................................................................ 55   Page 2    RESEARCH THEMES  ESTIMATING THE TRUE F ISH CATCH   Work has continued on refining estimates of unreported discard and illegal landings. Case studies have been completed and are being published for Iceland and Morocco. Similar studies are in progress for about 20 further jurisdictions. The aim is to provide estimates on a worldwide basis.  Maps of fisheries catches by half-degree (longitude/latitude) spatial cells all around the globe have been made using an algorithm which allocates FAO reported landings and/or those supplied by regional/national authorities usi ng databases of global species distributions, fishing fleet access, and underlying marine productivity factors.   This work received widespread publicity following a paper published by Reg Watson and Daniel Pauly in Nature in 2002, wherein landings reported to FAO by China were proven to be grossly inflated and had, in fact, masked a global downturn in fishery landings.  Our latest version of the world catch figure is provided here.      Page 3 DEVELOPMENT OF ECOPATH   ECOSIM now includes Monte Carlo estimation of uncertainty biomass trajectories, and ECOPATH now has an automated balancing procedure.   SOME A PPLICATIONS OF ECOPATH WITH ECOSIM   • Ecosystem models of the US South Atlantic States, US Mid- Atlantic Bight, Gulf of Maine and Georges Bank, West Greenland, Iceland, Faeroe Islands, Norwegian and Barents Sea, North Sea, Azores, and Morocco as part of the Sea Around Us activities in the North Atlantic.  • A blue-water model of the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the North Atlantic with special emphasis on the tuna fisheries (Marcelo Vasconcellos).  • Additional work on protected artificial reefs and marine reserves in Hong Kong and the South China Sea (Fisheries Centre Research Reports 10(3), 2002).   ECOSYSTEM IMPACTS OF  SEAMOUNT F ISHERIES   The presence of numerous seamounts in the world’s oceans has only become known to the scientific community during the last 40 years. The potential importance of these steep-sided undersea mountains to biogeography and diversity was only recently recognized, but this environment has remained very poorly investigated. This ignorance parallels the recognition of the negative impacts of human activities. Seamounts have been intensively fished during the last 40 years, when several countries began to fish for the pelagic armourhead and alfonsinos. Commercial exploitation of seamounts has rapidly extended to all the world oceans, and serious stock depletion has been detected in every case. Overfishing is now the major threat to seamount communities. The depletion of slow-growing and late- reproducing fish populations and the impact of trawling activities on Page 4   benthic communities are also raising concerns about the threats to seamount ecosystems. Our lack of awareness of the consequences of such changes needs urgent answers.  The Fisheries Centre is cooperating in a project under an MOU with the Department of Oceanography and Fisheries of the University of the Azores (Portugal) and aims to assess the ecosystem impacts of seamount fisheries. Using the ECOPATH and ECOSIM approaches, we expect to identify the sources of energy for fish productivity over and around seamounts, and to understand how the energy is integrated in seamount fish communities, throughout the water column and trophic levels. Further aims will be to provide insights about the effects of different fishing mortality rates over time and to explore different fishing policies in seamount ecosystems, including the impact of marine-protected areas.   B ACK TO THE F UTURE  The ‘Back to the Future’ work has seen a number of conceptual and technical advances since 2000.  ‘Opening the Lost Valley’ analyzes how sustainable fisheries might be opened in a restored ecosystem. This issue turns out to be critical to the evaluation of what restoring the past would be worth. A paper, including case studies from Canada and the North Sea, was presented at a symposium on sustainable fisheries at the American Fisheries Society Symposium in Phoenix in August 2001, and has since been accepted for publication. The evaluation itself, using a generational equity approach, is also in the process of being published.  ‘Back to the Future’ aims to emplace the restoration of past ecosystems as a policy goal for the future. But policies work only when humans comply with them. Hence, a second critical issue for ‘Back to the Future’ is how to obtain community consent for the restoration phase and subsequent sustainable fishing phase for restored ecosystems. A paper on ‘Cognitive Maps, Fishers’ Knowledge, and ‘Back to the Future’’ was presented at the ‘Putting Fishers’ Knowledge to Work’ conference at UBC in August 2001, and the ‘Back to the Future’ team has   Page 5 continued to devise mechanisms for increasing community input to the project.  Fishing community aspects of the project started with interviews, later entered into a publicly accessible database, with over 40 fishers held in Prince Rupert, BC, over a week in August 2001. Then, in December 2001, the ‘Back to the Future’ team returned to Prince Rupert to present modelling results and to discuss how community consultation might work in the ‘Back to the Future’ policy process. Over 25 local fishers from all sectors attended, including members of the TshimTsiam and Haida Nations. This was the first trial of modelling scenarios selected or modified by a fishing community. The team learned some valuable lessons about how to achieve constructive dialogue with fishers, and by the end of the workshop, early suspicion had been dispelled and an excellent rapport had been reached. Additional support for the workshop came from the World Wildlife Fund. It is hoped to obtain funding for a follow-up visit to this community.  A number of technical modelling problems have been tackled, the most important of which was the discovery, and then solution, of a major problem with the optimal fishing policy search routine in ECOSIM. The discovery of how to drive past models with past climate data addresses the criticism that reconstructions of the past might be compromised by climate differences. The team has also agonized (and is writing papers on)  how to deal with highly migratory species like salmon and tuna, with local species extinctions, with species flocks like Pacific rockfish (Sebastiformes), with the relative abundance of lower portions of the trophic web in ancient ecosystems which supported many top predators, with ecosystem impacts of aquaculture, w ith changes in habitats, and with tuning past models to past data.  The ‘Back to the Future’ concept is inherently multi-disciplinary. A number of encouraging contacts were made following a ‘Back to the Future’ presentation to the World Congress on fish remains archeology in New Zealand in September 2001. Links with historians and archeologists need to be strengthened. Page 6   The project maintains strong links with DFO’s work on marine ecosystems of Canada’s east coast through Dr Paul Fanning, with the Sea Around Us project at the Fisheries Centre, and with other Coasts under Stress elements in Newfoundland and BC.   All of the advances made in the ‘Back to the Future’ project were presented and discussed in a three-day symposium held at UBC in February 2002. Over 60 people attended, from both the east and west coasts of Canada, and from Alaska, Brasil, and Hong Kong. Members of the Oweekeno, Haida and Nuu-chah-nulth Nations were also present. The symposium will lead to a Fisheries Centre Research Report. The ‘Lost Valley’: an  ecosystem of the past restored and then fished sustainably.  A preliminary ‘Back to the Future’ workshop is planned for La Paz, Mexico, in October 2002. A new web site designed for ‘Back to the Future’ projects should go live in the summer of 2002, and will incorporate dynamic database-driven maps and food web diagrams – a step on the way to a visualization tools that will present ecosystem policy scenarios to the public and decision-makers.   The primary output of the ‘Back to the Future’ project will be available in four Fisheries Centre Research Reports. A number of renowned scientists, archeologists, and social scientists have been asked to write a short critique of the output from the ‘Back to the Future’ project for its evaluation by NSERC and SSRHC in September 2002.   W H AT IS IT W ORTH TO RECONSTRUCT THE P AST ?  These ideas have been developed further since the publication of the Fisheries Centre 1993 - 2000 Report. First, modifications of the current approach to evaluating the costs and benefits of restoration are suggested through the use of what is termed ‘Generational Cost Benefit Analysis.’ Second, a new formula for the calculation of discount factors has been developed, known as ‘Intergenerational Discounting.’     Page 7 B ACK TO THE F UTURE IN H ONG K ONG   The World Wide Fund for Nature Hong Kong, together with the Fisheries Centre’s BTF Hong Kong team, Chiu Sein Tuck of the Hong Kong Baptist University, and Yvonne Sadovy of the University of Hong Kong, plan to undertake a five-year project to use the Back to the Future method to facilitate marine ecosystem restoration in Hong Kong. The proposed project will include community participation in data collection and policy evaluation, spatial ecosystem modelling, policy analysis, and public education. The project is planned to commence in 2003, depending on the availability of funding.   SEA A ROUND US  The Sea Around Us project was still in its first inception year in 2000, when the Fisheries Centre report was published. In the meantime, the project has completed its planned coverage of the North Atlantic Ocean, leading to a number of publications. This includes a book to be published by Island Press, three comprehensive Fisheries Centre Research Reports (downloadable from the Sea Around Us web site), and several papers in the primary literature (see Annex 3: Publications by Members). The project also ran a symposium hosted by AAAS during its February meeting in Boston, USA, which presented a comprehensive analysis of the declining fisheries of the North Atlantic and also had a large media impact. Several issues highlighted in the Sea Around Us project have been extensively reported in the media, especially the Chinese misreporting of catch (see above) and latest, now unequivocal, evidence of massive fish population depletion and Fishing Down the Food Web.  The Sea Around Us project presently works on the central and south Atlantic and is preparing a symposium, to be held in Dakar, Senegal, in late June 2002, on the changing status of West African fisheries and ecosystems. The project will then move on to the North Pacific and to a global coverage of fisheries impact on marine ecosystems. Some related work is funded from sources other than the Pew Page 8   Charitable Trusts, which so far have shouldered the bulk of the project’s funding.  The project web site will begin to provide access to mapped information and summaries of Sea Around Us project results in late 2002.  1 10 100 1000 10000 0.1 1 10 100 1000 Distance (km) D ep th  (m ) Larval dispersal  Nursery/juvenile stage Ontogenetic movements  Adult stage Spawning migrations  Spawning  Generalized life history pattern by depth zone for North Sea plaice ( Pleuronectes platessus ) using a readily decoded colour presentation. Brown line represents typical depth transect from approx. 53oN, 8oE to 56oN, 3oE. Colour and symbol codes are indicated in the graph. (Work by Dirk Zeller and Daniel Pauly for the Sea Around Us Project.)   Page 9 RAPID A PPRAISAL OF THE STATUS OF F ISHERIES –  RAPFISH  A RAPFISH add-in for Excel has been programmed by Pat Kavanagh and tested in a graduate course. This work has automated Monte Carlo error estimation, the leverage of individual attributes, and basic graphical output and diagnostics. Analyses for 16 countries around the North Atlantic are in progress. The method has also been adapted by Eric Parkinson and Tony Pitcher to the evaluation of status of recreational fisheries, and to the evaluation of the performance of marine reserves by Jacqueline Alder.   B IOECONOMICS   Dr Rashid Sumaila has been appointed as Assistant Professor in the Fisheries Centre from January 2002. He is developing graduate teaching in fisheries economics and has a small team working on intergenerational equity in economic evaluation, on world markets in seafood, and on the perverse impact of subsidies on fisheries. Dr Gordon Munro, recently retired from UBC Economics Department, has joined this bioeconomic research team.   RECREATIONAL F ISHERIES   The book Recreational Fisheries: Ecol ogical, Econom i c and Social Evaluation , edited by Tony Pitcher and Chuck Hollingworth and published in 2002, contains 17 peer-reviewed chapters by 34 authors from 9 countries, many of which derive from the Vancouver conference in June 1999. Tony Pitcher is the Keynote speaker at the next World Conference to be held in Darwin, Australia, in May 2002.  Carl Walters published a seminal paper in the AFS bulletin on stock collapses that are invisible to sport fishery managers. Robyn Forrest, as part of both the Sea Around Us and Coasts under Stress projects, has assembled data on a number of fisheries where sport fish catch is a significant, and often under- reported, contributor to total fish mortality.   Page 10   M ARINE RESERVES AND H UMAN -M ADE REEFS IN H ONG K ONG   The initial baseline ECOPATH model of the Hong Kong inshore ecosystem (Fisheries Centre Research Reports 6(1), 1998) has now been revised to spatially model the effects of marine-protected areas with protected human-made reefs (Fisheries Centre Research Reports 10(3), 2002). Alternative designs of protected human-made reef placements have been explored, and the effects of deployment on each fishery sector and for ecosystem rebuilding estimated. Two main areas explored in this modelling exercise were Tolo Harbour and Port Shelter, which, following several iterative public consultations, are the two main areas proposed by AFCD as Fishery Protected Areas (FPAs) deployed with human-made reefs. Deployment of artificial reefs in Hong Kong waters has started in Tolo Harbour, while those in Port Shelter will start in the latter half of 2002 (see also BACK TO THE FUTURE.).   SCHOOLING P ELAGIC F ISH   During 2002, Nathaniel Newlands completed his PhD on spatial modelling of mesoscale phenomena in schooling bluefin tuna. The objective has been to distinguish between two hypotheses about the biomass and status of tuna in the Gulf of Maine, thought by some to be in serious danger of collapse, and by others to have a stable biomass. The school model is constructed using information from a wide range of previous work, including the fuzzy logic material from Steven Mackinson, and presents a novel automated image analysis method. The modelling work tackles these questions:  • How often do tuna enter and leave the Gulf during • ents of tuna as revealed by satellite •  size as seen by spotter pilots employed by the • en do BFT come to the surface and become potentially visible to spotter planes? the summer season and how does this affect abundance estimation? What are the true movem pop-up tags? How is school fishery related to the 3-D structure and movements of the school? How oft   Page 11 • Can the present tuna survey technique be improved to better reflect schooling tuna abundance and location?  The wo f tuna school ovements in the Gulf of Maine as driven by temperature, currents, ISH B IODIVERSITY :  F ISH B ASE  s (including the isheries Centre) had its constitutive meeting at FAO in Rome on e great progress since the end of the period covered y the Fisheries Centre report, as illustrated by the current number of FishBase for checking the sh distributions used by the Sea Around Us project for mapping  activity conducted in collaboration with the Muséum ational d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris is the recovery of ichthyologic rk has culminated in a spatially explicit model o m food organisms, and predators like sharks.   F  The FishBase Consortium of seven institution F November 16-17, 2000 and its second meeting in Prague on September 2, 2001. The latter meeting was attended by Dr Daniel Pauly and Dr M.L. Palomares (who started work with Sea Around Us in fall 2001).  FishBase has mad b hits to its Internet version (2.3M hits per month, not counting the mirror sites in Germany and France). Specific inputs from the Fisheries Centre have included 3,000 different common names of Brazilian marine fishes (assembled by graduate student Katia Freire), about 1,500 Maltese fish common names (Yvette Rizzo), diet composition data for 400 populations of Mediterranean fish in about 150 species (Vasiliki Karpouzi), and other inputs covering various aspects of fish nomenclature and biology.  Other related activities include the use of fi fisheries, and the extraction of inputs and the preparation of routines for the systematic extraction of inputs for the parameterization of ecosystem models, an activity which is likely to expand in the near future.  Another N information from historic voyage explorations by French vessels, leading to new or more precise occurrence records of fish and, based thereon, work on their biodiversity. Dr. Palomares is lead author of one contribution on this topic to La Recherche , a French science magazine.   Page 12   IUCN  maps global commercial fisheries catches into Large arine Ecosystems (LMEs) of the world. Its web site ( http://data  This project M . ISH B IODIVERSITY :  CHESAPEAKE B AY   of hesapeake Bay as part of an initiative funded by the National OASTS UNDER STRESS w.coastsunderstress.ca fisheries.ubc.ca ) allows users to click on any LME (or non-LME) area and obtain either graphs or tables showing catches since 1950. The data is based on statistics from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, modified by a spatial allocation algorithm. Links to FishBase allow the fish species found and their tropic levels to be provided. Other statistics, such as coral reef coverage and primary production levels, are included in the output. The work is sponsored by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.   F  Researchers at the Fisheries Centre are conducting a study C Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA Chesapeake Bay Office. The purpose of the project is to introduce ECOPATH WITH ECOSIM to the research community around Chesapeake Bay, and in the process construct and document an ecosystem model centred on the exploited parts of Chesapeake Bay, assemble available time-series data related to the abundance and exploitation of the ecosystem resources of Chesapeake Bay, fit the time-dynamic ecosystem model to these data, and finally explore policy options for exploitation of Chesapeake Bay based on the fitted ecosystem model. The one-year activity is led by Villy Christensen and Carl Walters from the Fisheries Centre in cooperation with Dr Ratana Chuenpagdee from the Virginia Institute of Marine Science.   C  Coasts under Stress (CUS) ( http://ww ) is a agship, multi-disciplinary research project funded by NSERC and fl SSHRC with many government, industry and First Nations partners. CUS research is designed to assess the impact of changes in society and resource harvest patterns on individual, community and environmental health. The major objective is to work with First Nations, government, community and industry partners to explore local, regional and national policies and options to ensure the long-   Page 13 term survival of vibrant and healthy coastal communities. CUS is the umbrella project for Northern BC and East Coast Back to the Future work. Subject to a mid-term review, CUS will have a five-year life, with the potential for a further five years.    P UTTING F ISHERS ’  K NOWLEDGE TO s first international conference on the resource anagement application of fishers’ knowledge took place at UBC in TH W ORLD F ISHERIES CONGRESS  e theme of e next congress, to be held in Vancouver in May 2004, is W ORK   The world’ m August 2001. The conference was inspired by Bob Johannes, whose 1981 book Wo r d s of the Lagoon , was the first serious study in this area, and co-hosted by the UBC Fisheries Centre, UBC First Nations House of Learning, and the BC Aboriginal Fisheries Commission. Over 200 people from 23 countries and 36 North American First Nations attended. The conference was generally felt to be successful in ‘stepping beyond’ fishers’ fru stration that their knowledge is ignored, and scientists’ standard position that the knowledge is anecdotal, and cannot easily be captured in the reports, tables, and graphs they are used to. The strong Canadian First Nations presence contributed to spirited discussions on the role of indigenous peoples in resource management, appropriate use of knowledge, and accreditation of informants. Presentations by Arnie Narcisse and Chief Simon Lucas of the BC Aboriginal Fisheries Commission illustrated how transmission of culture and knowledge down the generations is vital to the survival of species and ecosystems. Conference proceedings will be issued as a Fisheries Centre Research Report, with a peer-reviewed book to follow. ‘Spin-off’ activities include development of a concept for an international centre or unit for research and application of fishers’ knowledge, and a follow-up conference.   Bob Johannes 4  World Fisheries Congresses are held every four years.  Th th ‘Reconciling Fisheries with Conservation: the challenge of fisheries in the 21st Century.’ Tony Pitcher chairs the Program Committee for the Congress, and Bruce Ward, from the BC Fisheries Research Unit, is Co-Chair of the meeting and a member of the Program Committee. The Congress Keynote speaker is to be Daniel Pauly. Page 14   The Congress Theme  The world demand for both fisheries and conservation challenges sheries science and management. Although fisheries date back  human use of aquatic resources with the onservation of ecosystems? We must seek ways to manage fisheries in Vancouver, Canada, will be a ve-day global conference focused on this theme. It is in accord with ote paper of the Congress will be delivered by rofessor Daniel Pauly (Canada/France). Subsequent Keynote  fi thousands of years, recent decades have witnessed an unprecedented expansion. Serial depletions by area, species and trophic level have led to a world fish catch in decline. Major alterations to fish habitat have depleted resources in the world’s marine and freshwater ecosystems. In the developed world, fish resources continue to collapse, often with little warning, bringing economic and social ruin to fisheries communities. In parts of the developing world, people eke out an existence in aquatic eco systems that are but a shadow of their former diversity and abundance. In the past decade, a broad consensus has emerged that this situation cannot continue, yet solutions remain elusive.  How do we reconcile the c without causing unacceptable losses of biomass, species, diversity, habitats, and ecosystem function. To achieve this goal, we shall examine fresh, interdisciplinary ways to evaluate and maintain the economic and social benefits of healthy fisheries, in the face of global climate change, human population trends, competing habitat demands, and the expressed desire for a future world of aquatic ecosystems endowed with natural diversity and resilience. These are the major challenges facing the management of aquatic ecosystems at the opening of the 21st Century.  The 4th World Fisheries Congress fi the goals, purposes, and objectives of the series of World Fisheries Congresses held every four years since 1992. The 4th Congress in 2004 aims, first, to systematize and explore the issues that underpin the reconciliation of fisheries with conservation, and, second, to promote scientific advice, cooperation, and partnership among the world’s fisheries scientists, managers, the fishing industry, and conservation movement in achieving this vital goal.  Keynote Speakers  The opening Keyn P speakers will approach the issue of reconciling fisheries with conservation by addressing four critical questions:   Page 15 • What should we care about when attempting to reconcile fisheries with exploitation? Dr Kevern Cochrane (FAO/South Africa) • fish or benefits from fishing while ustralia/UK)  In addit two exa e: Dr Jack Stanford (USA) on eshwater fisheries and Professor Amanda Vincent (Canada/UK) on stions grouped nder the main themes. Over 150 short contributed spoken papers n of his lifetime dedication  the conservation and restoration of the marine and freshwater • Who owns the fish and what are they worth to society? Dr Abraham Iyambo (Namibia) Can we get more reconciling fishing with conservation? Professor Yingqi Zhou (China) • How can we manage fisheries ecosystems to achieve the reconciliation of fisheries with conservation? Professor Stephen Hall (A ion, two Keynote speakers will address the congress theme in mple habitats of great relevanc fr coral reef fisheries. Other habitats will be reviewed in concurrent sessions of the Congress. On the final afternoon, a plenary discussion will be led by the Keynote speakers, and joined by Professor Carl Walters (Canada/US). The Congress ends with an “End Note” perspective from a senior scientific policy advisor.    In addition to these Keynote speakers, over 35 invited session leaders will present spoken papers summarizing key que u and over 300 posters are also expected. The Congress will lead to a published book of peer-reviewed Keynote and other selected papers.   A BORIGINAL F ISHERIES   UBC will award an honorary doctorate to Chief Simon Lucas in May 2002. The award is in recognitio to ecosystems of British Columbia. His hereditary name is Kla-kisht- ke-is and he is the seventh ranking hereditary chief of the Hesquiat Tribe of the Nuu-chah-nulth Nation on the west coast of Vancouver Island. As co-chairman of the BC Aboriginal Fisheries Commission, he is extremely effective in working towards an expanded role for First Nations people in resource management. Simon Lucas works actively with the UBC Fisheries Centre and First Nations House of Learning in Back to the Future ecosystem restoration projects and initiatives to increase the enrollment of Aboriginal students in masters and graduate programs.  Simon Lucas Page 16   ‘Education for Aboriginal Fisheries Science and Ecosystem Management,’ a workshop to accelerate Aboriginal participation in ll aspects of fisheries management was held at the UBC First huswap) Nation, has taken over om Dr Jo-ann Archibald as Director of the First Nations House of boriginal Fisheries • Funding for Aboriginal Scholarship program international Aboriginal Fisheries  session at the   RO ng the Fisheries Centre at UBC in ject Seahorse’ team. Dr Vincent is  Pew Fellow in Marine Conservation and will bring a large team of a Nations Longhouse in March 2001.  A New Director of the UBC First Nations House of Learning, Mr Richard Vedan of the Secwepemc (S fr Learning. We thank Jo-ann for initiating a fruitful collaboration and look forward to working with Richard.  Work in Progress includes: • Funding for Endowed Chair in A • Planning for an Conference in 2003 • Planning for a possible Aboriginal Fisheries 4th World Fisheries Congress, Vancouver 2004  P JECT SEAHORSE   Dr Amanda Vincent will be joini July 2002, complete with her ‘Pro a postdocs, research assistants, and students to UBC, together with links to a number of overseas employees and associates of ‘Project Seahorse’ worldwide. This is a major development for the Fisheries Centre because it significantly enhances our multi-disciplinary international work aimed at influencing policy in aquatic resource management and conservation. Dr Vincent is currently William Dawson Scholar and Associate Professor at McGill University.     Page 17   Page 18 FISHERIES CENTRE MEMBERS   ANNEX 1  DIRECTOR  Dr Tony Pitcher Professor, Fisheries Centre and Zoology Ecosystems, Rapid Appraisal and Schooling  F ACULTY   Dr Michael Healey Professor, Earth and Ocean Sciences and Institute for Resources and Environment Fisheries and Watershed Management  Dr William Neill Professor, Fisheries Centre and Zoology  Fisheries Limnology  Dr Daniel Pauly Professor, Fisheries Centre and Zoology Tropical and Global Fisheries Issues  Dr Rashid Sumaila Assistant Professor, Fisheries Centre Fisheries Economics  Dr Andrew Trites Associate Professor, Fisheries Centre Marine Mammals and Fisheries  Dr Carl Walters Professor, Fisheries Centre and Zoology Modelling, Assessment and Ecosystems  A SSOCIATED  F ACULTY   Dr Jo-ann Archibald Education First Nations  Dr Brian Elliot Sociology Environmental Sociology Dr Scott Hinch Associate Professor, Forest Sciences and Institute for Resources and Environment Forests and Fisheries  Dr George Iwama Agricultural Sciences Aquaculture  Dr Les Lavkulich Institute for Resources and Environment Fisheries Education  Dr David (Ralph) Matthews Sociology Fisheries Sociology  Dr Charles Menzies Anthropology Fisheries Anthropology  Dr Dianne Newell History History of Fishers’ Communities  Dr Royann Petrell Chemical & Biological Engineering Fishery Engineering  Dr William Rees School of Community and Regional Planning Community and Regional Planning  Dr Jim Thompson Agricultural Sciences Aquaculture  Richard Vedan Social Work & Family Studies Aboriginal Fisheries  RESEARCH  A SSOCIATES   This category includes: Research Associates, Research Assistants, Senior Research Fellows, and Consultants.  Dr Jackie Alder Coastal Zone Manage ment and Marine & Fisheries Policy  Dr Villy Christensen  Ecosystem Modelling  Aftab Erfan Back to the Future Project  Robyn Forrest Sea Around Us Project  Erin Foulkes Back to the Future Project  Nigel Haggan Executive Co-ordinator  Russ Jones Haida Fisheries Management  Richard K. Paisley Fisheries Law  Dr Maria Palomares FishBase and Biodiversity  Dr David Rosen Marine Mammals  Dr Reg Watson Fisheries Mapping and Databases  EMERITUS  M EMBERS   Dr Paul LeBlond Fisheries Oceanography  Dr Don Ludwig  Fisheries Mathematics  Dr Patricia Marchak Forests and Fisheries  Dr Gordon Munro Fisheries Economics  Dr Tom Northcote Fisheries Biology  as of April 1, 2002   Page 19 SUPPORT STAFF   Rosalie Casison FC Technical Support Assistant  Janice Doyle Director’s, Graduate & Events Secretary  Vacant Accounts Officer/Receptionist  Yajie (Lucy) Liu Seminars/Graduate Course Officer  Gerard O’Doherty FC Technical Support Officer  Amy Poon FC Web Pages Support Officer  Melanie Power FishBytes  Production Editor  David Preikshot FC Information Support Officer  Pamela Rosenbaum Marine Mammal Unit Administrator  Ann Tautz FC Administrator  A DJUNCT  P ROFESSORS   Dr Martin Castonguay DFO, Quebec Fisheries Biology  Dr Ratana Chuenpagdee Virginia Institute of Marine Science Coastal Zone Management  Dr Edward Donaldson Retired Aquaculture  Dr John K.B. Ford DFO, Nanaimo Marine Mammals  Dr Martin A. Hall IATTC, La Jolla Fisheries and Ecosystems  Dr Douglas E. Hay DFO, Nanaimo Pelagic Fisheries  Dr Charles Hollingworth Lachine, Quebec Scientific Writing  Dr Glen S. Jamieson DFO, Nanaimo Invertebrate Fisheries  Dr Rosemary Ommer University of Victoria Fisheries Sociology  Dr Evelyn Pinkerton Simon Fraser University Fisheries Communities  Dr Laura Richards DFO, Nanaimo Fisheries Assessment  Dr Gary D. Sharp NOAA, Monterey Fisheries Oceanography  Dr John Spence BC Science Council Industry and Fisheries   Dr Max Stocker DFO, Nanaimo Fisheries Assessment  Dr John G. Stockner DFO, West Vancouver Food Chain Dynamics  Dr Arthur Tautz BC Fisheries, Vancouver GIS, Sport Fisheries  Dr Amanda Vincent McGill University, Montreal Marine Conservation  Dr Daniel M. Ware DFO, Nanaimo Pelagic Fisheries Models  I NTERNATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL   Dr Anthony Charles Dr. Cornelia Nauen St Mary’s Univ, Halifax, Canada EU, Brussels, Belgium  Dr Kevern Cochrane Dr David Policansky , Chair  FAO, Rome, Italy NRC, Washington, DC, USA  Dr Pamela Mace Dr Andrew Rosenberg NMFS, Woods Hole, USA Univ New Hampshire, Durham, USA   Dr Jane C. Watson Bamfield and Nanaimo Marine Mammals  Dr Martin Weinstein Comox Human Ecology  Page 20    ANNEX 1 P OST- DOCTORAL RESEARCHERS   Dr Sylvie Guénette (Canada) Sea Around Us Project  1999-present Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly  Dr Sheila Heymans (Namibia)  Back to the Future models 2000-present Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher  Dr Dominic Tollit (UK) Improving estimation methods of population and diet of Steller sea lions 2000-present Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites  Dr Dirk Zeller (Australia) Sea Around Us Project  1999-present Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly  L ONG -T ERM  V ISITORS  Dr Kevern Cochrane (Italy) FAO, Rome  Dr Sang-Go Lee (South Korea) Pukyong National University  CURRENT  G RADUATE  STUDENTS  Cameron Ainsworth (Canada) MSc RMES (start 2001) Project: Spatial modelling of forage fish in northern BC Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher  Alasdair Beattie (Canada) PhD RMES (start 2001) Project: Optimal size and placement of marine protected areas Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly  Dori Bixler  PhD RMES (start 2000) Project: Law, water policy Supervisor: Dr Michael Healey  Emma Bredesen (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2000) Project: Marine mammals in the Antarctic Ecosystem Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites  Eny Buchary (Indonesia) PhD RMES (start 2001) Project: Back to the Future with paleoclimatic analysis Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher  Rik Buckworth (Australia) PhD Zoology (start 1995) Project: Dynamics of tropical line fisheries Supervisor: Dr Carl Walters  Olivier Cheneval (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 1999) Project: Steller sea lions and predator-prey relationships  Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites  Andrea Coombs (Canada) MSc RMES (start 2000) Project: Modeling the flow of PCBs in eastern Bering Sea Supervisors: Dr Daniel Pauly and Dr Andrew Trites  Raychelle Daniel (USA) MSc Zoology (start 2000) Project: Molting of Steller sea lions Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites  Katia Freire (Brazil) PhD RMES (start 2000) Project: Analysis of northeastern Brazilian fisheries Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly  Jody Frolek MSc RMES (start 2000) Supervisor: Dr Michael Healey  Ahmed Gelchu (Ethiopia) PhD RMES (start 2001) Project: Evolution and distribution of fishing efforts Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly  Anna Hall (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2000) Project: Harbour Porpoise ( Phocoena phocoena ) Habitat use, diet and interactions with selective fisheries in southern BC Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites  Paul Higgins (Canada) PhD RMES (start 1997) Project: Experimental management of water releases from BC Hydro dams Supervisor: Dr Carl Walters  Andrea Hunter (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2000) Project: Estimating marine mammal energy requirements Supervisors: Dr Daniel Pauly and Dr Andrew Trites  Kerry Irish (Canada) MSc RMES (start 2001) Project: Killer whales in Alaska Supervisor:  Dr Andrew Trites  Vasiliki Karpouzi (Greece) MSc Zoology (start 2001) Project: Modelling of global seabird food consumption Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly  Kristin Kaschner (Germany) PhD Zoology (start 1998) Project: Modelling of global marine mammal food consumption Supervisors: Dr Daniel Pauly and Dr Andrew Trites  Alison Keple (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 1999) Project: Marine mammal population surveys in the Strait of Georgia Supervisors: Dr Andrew Trites and Dr John Ford    Page 21 Saeko Kumagai (Japan) MSc Zoology (start 2001) Project: Steller sea lions Supervisors: Dr Andrew Trites and Dr David Rosen  Bob Lessard Supervisor: Dr Carl Walters  Yajie Liu (China) PhD RMES (start 2001) Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila  Charlene Lobsinger  MSc Zoology (start 2001) Supervisor: Dr Michael Healey  Hector Lozano (Mexico) PhD RMES (start 2001) Project: Applying information from fossil fish scales preserved in anaerobic sediments (Guaymas Basin, Mexico) to tune E COSIM modelling in the Gulf of California, Mexico Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher  Steven Martell (Canada) PhD Zoology (start 1999) Project: Shrimp fisheries and ecosystem impacts of benthic trawl fisheries Supervisor: Dr Carl Walters  Camela Matheson  MSc RMES (start 2001) Supervisor: Dr Michael Healey  Ladan Mehranvar MSc Zoology (start 2000) Supervisor: Dr Michael Healey  Elizabeth Mohammed (Trinidad and Tobago) PhD RMES (start 1999) Project: Reconstructing the southeastern Caribbean ecosystem: applications for assessment and management Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly  Telmo Morato Gomes (Portugal) PhD RMES (start 2002) Project: Ecological modelling of seamounts Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher  Lyne Morisette (Canada) PhD Zoology (start 2001) Project: Quality, complexity, and stability of marine ecosystem models Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly  Nathaniel Newlands (Canada) PhD RMES (start 1997) Project: Biomass estimation using a schooling in model for Atlantic Bluefin Tuna in the Gulf of Maine Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher  David O’Brien  Visiting Student, McGill University Supervisor:  Dr Carl Walters  Thomas Okey (USA) PhD Zoology (start 2001) Project: Alternate states in marine communities Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly  Tyese Patton MSc RMES (start 2000) Supervisor: Dr Michael Healey  Mike Pearson  PhD RMES (start 1999) Supervisor: Dr Michael Healey  Amy Poon (Canada) MSc RMES (start 1999) Project: Impact of Ghost Fishing: A tentative Global Estimate Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly  Melanie Power (Canada) PhD RMES (start 1997) Ethics and Policy in Canadian Fisheries: A Rapfish Analysis Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher  David Preikshot (Canada) PhD Zoology (start 2000) Project: Fish biodiversity in large marine ecosystems Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Jason Quigley MSc Forest Science (start 2000) Supervisors: Dr Michael Healey and Dr Scott Hinch  Cynthia Rejwan (Canada) Visiting Student, University of Calgary  Laurel Rempel PhD Geography (start 2000) Supervisors: Dr Michael Healey and Dr Michael Church  Yvette Rizzo (Malta) PhD RMES (start 2000) Project: The central Mediterranean: functioning of a large marine ecosystem Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly  Richard Stanford (UK) MSc RMES (start 2000) Project: Fisheries ecosystem in the English Channel Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher  Nathan Taylor (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2001) Project: Pike minnows and rainbow trout Supervisor: Dr Carl Walters  Dawit Tesfamichael (Eritrea) PhD RMES (start 2002) Project: Ecosystem based fisheries management for west Indian Ocean Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly  Pablo Trujillo (Canada) PhD RMES (start 2001) Project: Adding aquaculture to ECOPATH models Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher  Harald Yurk (Germany) PhD Zoology (start 1996) Project: The evolutionary history of resident killer whale clans in the northeastern Pacific, using vocal dialects Supervisors: Dr Andrew Trites and Dr John Ford  Page 22    ANNEX 1 COMPLETED  THESES   Thesis abstracts are available online at www.fis heries.ubc.ca. 2 0 0 2 Aran Kay (Canada) MSc Zoology (2002) Title: My sis relicta and kokanee salmon(O n c o r h y n c h u s nerka)  in Okanagan Lake, BC: from 1970 and into the future Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Current Position:  Science Writer  2 0 0 1 Alasdair Beattie (Canada) MSc RMES (2001) Title: A new model for evaluating the optimal size, placement and configuration of marine protected areas Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Current Position:  Ph.D. program, UBC Fisheries Centre  Carolyn Donnelly (Canada) MSc Zoology (2001) Title: Possible effects of pollock and herring on the growth and reproductive success of Steller sea lions: insights from feeding experiments using an alternative animal model, Rattus norvegicus Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites  Jan McPhee (Canada) MSc Zoology (2001) Title: Heart rate as a monitor for metabolic rate in captive juvenile Steller sea lions (E u metopias jubatus) Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites  Dana Haggarty  MSc Zoology (2001) Supervisor: Dr Michael Healey  Leonardo Huato (Mexico) PhD Zoology (2001) Title: A modeling investigation of migratory behaviour in fishes: a case study of sockeye salmon.   Supervisor: Dr Carl Walters Current Position:  Consultant  Stephen Watkinson (Canada) MSc RMES (2001 Title: Life after death: the importance of salmon carcasses to watershed function Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Current Position:  Oweekeno- Kitasoo-Nuxalt Tribal Council  1 9 9 7 (omitted in 1993-2000 report)  Remco Jonker (The Netherlands) MSc Zoology (1997) Title: Reliability of calipers to measure the blubber thickness in E u metopias jubata Supervisors: Dr Andrew Trites and Dr G.M. Dorrestein    Page 23   Page 24 FISHERIES CENTRE RESEARCH REPORTS   ANNEX 2  2 0 0 2  Information Supporting Past and Present Ecosystem Models of Northern British Columbia and the Newfoundland Shelf 2002. 10(1). 116 pages. Edited by T.J. Pitcher, M. Vasconcellos, S. Heymans, C. Brignall and N. Haggan.  The Use of Ecosystem Models to Investigate Multispecies Management Strategies for Capture Fisheries 2002. 10(2). 156 pages. Edited by T.J. Pitcher and K. Cochrane.  Spatial Simulations of Hong Kong’s Marine Ecosystem: Ecological and Economic Forecasting of Marine Protected Areas with Human-Made Reefs 2002. 10(3). 169 pages. Edited by T.J. Pitcher, E. Buchary and P. Trujillo.  2 0 0 1  An Annotated Bibliography of Scientific Literature (1751-2000) Pertaining to Steller Sea Lions (Eumetopias jubatus ) in Alaska 2001. 9(1). 45 pages. Edited by A. Hunter and A. Trites.  The Marine Fisheries of China: Development and Reported Catches 2001. 9(2). 50 pages. Edited by R. Watson, L. Pang and D. Pauly.  Fisheries Impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Catch, Effort and National/Regional Data Sets 2001. 9(3). 254 pages. Edited by D. Zeller, R. Watson and D. Pauly.  Fisheries Impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Models and Analyses 2001. 9(4). xxx pages. Edited by S. Guénette, V. Christensen and D. Pauly.  Fisheries Impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Evaluations and Policy Exploration 2001. 9(5). 94 pages. Edited by T.J. Pitcher, R. Sumaila and D. Pauly.   Fishing for Answers: analysis of ecosystem dynamics, tropic shifts and salmonid population changes in Puget Sound, 1970-1999 2001. 9(6). 35 pages. Edited by D. Preikshot and A. Beattie.  A Review of the Impacts of Climate Change on BC’s Freshwater Fish Resources and Possible Management Responses 2001. 9(7). 12 pages. Edited by P. Tyedmers and B. Ward.  Economics of Marine Protected Areas 2001. 9(8). 250 pages. R. Sumaila and J. Alder.    Page 25   Page 26 PUBLICATIONS BY MEMBERS   ANNEX 3 This annex is divided into two sections: papers in journals, books and edited volumes that have been peer reviewed, and other published contributions that have not been through this process.  The editing of contributions which have themselves been peer reviewed is included in this latter section.   REFEREED CONTRIBUTIONS   2002  ( OR IN PRESS )   Alder, J., U.R. Sumaila, D.  Zeller and T.J. Pitcher. (2002) A method for evaluating Marine Protected Areas Management. Coastal Management 30(2): 121-131.  Beattie, A., U.R. Sumaila, V.  Christensen and D. Pauly. (2002) A model for the bioeconomic evaluation of marine protected area size and placement in the North Sea. Natural Resources Modelling (in press).  Beattie, A., U.R. Sumaila, V.  Christensen and D. Pauly. (2002) Ecological and economic aspects of size and placement of marine protected areas: A spatial modeling approach. Natural Resource Modeling  (in press).  Benson, A.J. and A.W. Trites. (2002) A review of the effects of regime shifts on the production domains in the eastern North Pacific Ocean. Fish and Fisheries (in press).  Buchary, E.A., W.L. Cheung, U.R. Sumaila and T.J. Pitcher. (2002) Back to the Future: A Paradigm Shift for Restoring Hong Kong’s Marine Ecosystem. Proceedings of the Third World Fisheries Congress. Beijing, People’s Republic of China, October 31- November 3, 2000. American Fisheries Society (in press).  Cottrell, P.E. and A.W. Trites. (2002) Classifying prey hard part structures recovered from fecal remains of captive Steller sea lions ( E u metopias jubatus ). Marine Mammal Science (in press).  Fauzi, A. and E.A. Buchary, (2002) A socioeconomic perspective of environmental degradation at Kepulauan Seribu Marine National Park, Indonesia. Coastal Management 30(2): 167-181.  Flinn, R.D., A.W. Trites, E.J. Gregr and I. Perry. (2002) Diets of fin, sei and sperm whales in British Columbia: an analysis of commercial whaling records, 1963-1967.  Marine Mammal Science (in press).  Hempel, G. and D. Pauly. ( 2002) Fisheries and Fisheries Science and their search for sustainability. Chapter 5 in: J.G. Field, G. Hempel and C.P. Summerayes (eds.). Oceans 2020: Science for future needs. Island Press, Washington, D.C. (book in press).  Heymans, J.J. L.J. Shanno n and A. Jarre-Teichmann. (2002) The Northern Benguela Ecosystem: Changes over three decades (1970, 1980 and 1990). (Submitted to Ecological Modelling ) .  Heymans, J.J., R.E. Ulanowi cz and C. Bondavalli. (2002) Network analysis of the South Florida Everglades graminoid marshes and comparison with nearby cypress ecosystems. Ecological Modelling, 49(1-2): 5-23.  Nøttestad, L., A. Fernö, S. Mackinson, T.J. Pitcher and O.A. Misund. (2002) How Wh ales Influence Herring School Dynamics in a Cold Front Area in the Norwegian Sea. ICES J. Mar Sci. (in press).  Pauly, D. and R. Chuenpagdee. (2002) Development of Fisheries in the Gulf of Thailand Large Marine Ecosystem: Analysis of an Unplanned Experiment. In G. Hempel and K. Sherman (eds.). Large Marine Ecosystems of the World: Trends in Exploitation, Protection, and Research. Elsevier Science (in press).  Pitcher, T.J. (2002) A Bumpy Old Road: Size-Based Methods in Fisheries Assessment. Chapter 8 in (Hart, ed) Handbook of Fish & Fisheries, Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK.  Pitcher, T.J. and C.E. Hollingworth. (2002) Fishing for Fun: What’s the Catch? Chapter 1, Pages 1-16 in T.J. Pitcher and C.E. Hollingworth (eds.). Recreational Fisheries: Ecological, Economic and Social Evaluation. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK.  Pitcher, T.J., E.A. Buchary and T. Hutton. (2002) Forecasting the Benefits of No-take Artificial Reefs Using Spatial Ecosystem Simulations. ICES J. Mar. Sci. (in press).  Pitcher, T.J., E.A. Buchar y and U.R. Sumaila. (2002) Spatial Ecosystem Simulation of No-take Human-Made Reefs in Marine Protected Areas: Forecasting the Costs and Benefits in Hong Kong. Natural Resource Modelling (in press).    Page 27 Pitcher, T.J., R. Watson, R. Forrest, H. Valtýsson and S. Guénette. (2002) Estimati ng Illegal and Unreported Catches From Marine Ecosystems: A Basis For Change. Fish and Fisheries (in press).  Pullin, R.S.V., R. Froese and D. Pauly. (2002) Indicators for the sustainability of aquaculture. World Aquaculture Society (in press).  Rosen, D.A.S. and A.W. Trites. (2002) Changes in metabolism in response to fasting and food restriction in the Steller sea lion ( Eumetopias jubatus ). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology (in press).  Rosen, D.A.S. and A.W. Trites. (2002) Cost of transport in Steller sea lions, E u metopias jubatus . Marine Mammal Science (in press).  Sumaila, U.R. (2002) Marine protected area performance in a model of the fishery. Natural Resource Modeling  (in press).  Sumaila, U.R. and A. Charles. (2002) Economic analysis of marine protected areas: An introduction. Natural Resource Modeling  (in press).  Sumaila, U.R. and J. Alder (guest editors). (2002) Social and economics aspects of protected marine areas implementation. Special Issue of Coastal Management (in press).  Sumaila, U.R. and T. Charles (guest editors). (2002) Economics of protected marine areas. Special Issue of Natural Resource Modeling (in press).  Trites, A.W. and B.T. Porter. (2002) Attendance patterns of Steller sea lions ( Eumetopias jubatus) and their young during winter. Journal of Zoology, London 256:547-556.  Williams, R.M., A.W. Trites and D.E. Bain. ( 2002) Behavioural responses of killer whales to whale- watching: opportunistic observations and experimental approaches. Journal of Zoology (London) 256:255-270.  Winship, A., A.W. Trites, and D.A.S. Rosen. (2002) A bioenergetics model for estimating the food requirements of Steller sea lions ( Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska. Marine Ecology Progress Series 229:291-312.  Zeller D. (2002) Tidal current orientation of Plectropomus leopardus  (Serranidae). Coral Reefs (in press).  2001  Armstrong, C.W. and U.R. Sumaila. (2001) Optimal allocation of TAC and the implications of implementing an ITQ management system for the North-East Arctic cod. Land Econom i c s , 77: 350-359.  Bundy, A. and D. Pauly. ( 2001) Selective harvesting by small-scale fisheries: ecosystem analysis of San Miguel Bay, Philippines. Fisheries Research 53: 263-281.  Gregr, E.J. and A.W. Trites. (2001) Predictions of critical habitat for five whales species in the waters of coastal British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 58:1265-1285.  Heymans, J.J. (2001) Handbook of Ecological Parameters and Ecotox i c ol ogy , Edited by L.A. Jørgensen, S.E. Jørgensen and S.N. Nielsen, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2000, First Electronic Edition. E c o l ogical Modelling  137: 107-108 republished as: Heymans, J.J. (2001)  ECOTOX : Ecological Modelling and Ecot o x i c o l ogy, Edited by L.A. Jorgensen, S.E. Jorgensen, S.N. Nielsen, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, 2000. CD-ROM. ISBN 0-444-50240-8; NLG 1,200 or USD 609. Ec o l ogical Modelling  144: 97- 98.  Hutton, T., M.H. Griffiths, U.R. Sumaila and T.J. Pitcher. (2001) Cooperative versus non-cooperative management of shared linefish stocks in South Africa: An assessment of alternative management strategies for Geebek, Fisheries Research  51: 53-68.  Newlands, N. and M. Lutcavage. (2001) From individuals to local population densities: North Atlantic Bluefin Tuna ( Tu n n u s thynnu s ). Pages 421-441 in J.R. Sibert and J.L. Nielsen (e ds.). Electronic Tagging and Tracking in Marine Fisheries.  Pauly, D. (2001) Review of:  Tropical Estuarine Fishes: Ecology, Exploitation and Conservation by S.J.M. Blaber. Fish and Fisheries .2(4): 385.  Pauly, D. P. Tyedmers, R. Froese and L.Y. Liu. (2001) Fishing down and farming up the food web. Conservation Biology in Practice 2(4):25.  Pauly, D., M.L. Palomares, R. Froese, P. Sa-a, M. Vakily, D. Preikshot and S. Wallace. (2001) Fishing down Canadian aquatic food we bs. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 58: 51-62.  Page 28    ANNEX 3 Pitcher T.J. (2001) Fish Schooling: Implications for Pattern in the Oceans and Impacts on Human Fisheries. Pages 975-987 in J.H. Steele, K.K. Turekian and S.A. Thorpe (eds.). Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Academic Press, UK, 3399 pp.  Pitcher T.J. (2001) Fisheries Managed to Rebuild Ecosystems: Reconstructing the Past to Salvage the Future. Ecological Applications 11(2): 601-617.  Pitcher, T.J. and D.B. Pr eikshot. (2001) Rapfish: A Rapid Appraisal Technique to Evaluate the Sustainability Status of Fisheries. Fisheries Research 49(3): 255-270.  Salas, S. and T.J. Pitcher. (2001) Fishing strategies of small-scale lobster fishermen in Yucatan, Mexico. In Gonzalez R. (ed.). Proc. 3rd Bi-National Mexico-Cuba Lobster workshop. Lobster 97, National University of Sinaloa, Mazatlan, Mexico.  Sumaila, R.S., T.J. Pitcher,  N. Haggan and R. Jones. (2001) Evaluating the Benefits from Restored Ecosystems: A Back to the Future Approach. Pages 1-7, Chapter 18 in A.L. Shriver and R.S. Johnston (eds.). Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, July, 2000 (on CD-ROM).  Watson, R. and D. Pauly. ( 2001) Systematic distortions in world fisheries catch trends. Nature: 414 (29 Nov): 534-536.  Winship, A.J., A.W. Trites and D.G. Calkins. (2001) Growth in body size of the Steller sea lion ( Eumetopias jubatus ). Journal of Mammalogy 82:500-519.  Zeller, D. and D. Pauly.  (2001) Visualisation of standardized life history patterns. Fish and Fisheries. 2(4): 344-355.  2000  Armstrong, C.W. and U.R. Sumaila. (2000) Cannibalism and the optimal sharing of the North-East Atlantic cod stock: A bioeconomic model. J o urnal of Bioeconomi c s , 2: 99-115.  Cury, P. and D. Pauly. (2000) Patterns and propensities in reproduction and growth of fishes. Ecological Research 15: 101-106.  Freire, K.M.F. and J.P. Castello. (2000) Feeding aspects of the Engraulis anchoita  larvae in the extreme south of Brazil. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca (Brazil), 26(2): 189- 201.  Freire, K.M.F., J.E. Lins-Oliveira, F.H.V. Hazin and L.B.R. Morais. (2000) Aspectos da biologia e pesca do xaréu- preto, Caranx lugubris  na região do Arquipélago de São Pedro e São Paulo. Revta. Ecol. Aqua. Tropi. (Brazil), 10: 107-115.  Heymans J.J. and D. Baird. (2000) Network analysis of the northern Benguela ecosystem by means of NETWRK and Ecopath. Ecological Modelling  131 (2/3): 97-119.  Heymans, J.J. and D. Baird. (2000) A carbon flow model and network analysis of the northern Benguela upwelling system, Namibia. Ecological Modelling  126: 9-32.  Ling, T., T. Qisheng and D. Pauly. (2000) A preliminary approach on mass-balance Ecopath model of the Bohai Sea. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology 11(3): 435-440 [published version omitted style corrections].  Pauly, D., A. Beattie, A. Bundy, N. Newlands, M. Power and S. Wallace. (2000) Not ju st fish: value of marine ecosystems on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. In H. Coward, R. Ommer and T. Pitcher (eds.). Just Fish: Ethics and Canadian Marine Fisheries, pp. 34-46.  Pauly, D., V. Christense n and C. Walters. (2000) Ecopath, Ecosim and Ecospace as tools for evaluating ecosystem impact of fisheries. ICES Journal of Marine Science 57: 697-706.  Pauly, D., V. Christensen, R. Froese and M.L.D. Palomares. (2000) Fishi ng down aquatic food webs. American Scientist 88: 46-51.  Pitcher, T.J., R. Watson, N. Haggan, S. Guénette, U.R. Sumaila, R. Kennish, D. Cook and A. Leung. (2000) Marine reserves and the restoration of fisheries and marine ecosystems in the South China Sea. B u lletin of Marine Science , 66(3): 543-566.  Samb, B. and D. Pauly. (2000) On ‘variability’ as a sampling artefact: the case of Sardinella  in north-western Africa. Fish and Fisheries. 1: 206-210.  Sumaila, U.R. (2000) Fish as vehicle for economic development in Namibia. F o r u m for Development Studies , 2: 295-315.     Page 29 OTHER P UBLISHED CONTRIBUTIONS   2002  ( OR IN PRESS )   Buchary, E.A. (2002) Preliminary reconstruction of the Icelandic marine ecosystem in 1950 and some predictions with time series data. Fisheries Centre Research Report, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (in press).  Buchary, E.A., J. Alder, S. Nurhakim and T. Wagey. (2002) The Use of Ecosystem-based Modelling to Investigate Multi-species Management Strategies for Capture Fisheries in the Bali Strait, Indonesia. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 10(2): 24-32.  Christensen, V., S. Guénette, S. Heymans, C.J. Walters, R. Watson, D. Zeller and D. Pauly. (2002) Trends in the abundance of high-trophic level fishes in the North Atlantic, 1950 to 2000. In: S. Guénette, V. Christensen, T. Pitcher and D. Pauly (e ds.). Fisheries Impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Models and Analyses Fisheries Centre Research Report, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia: 9(4) (in press).  Guénette, S. and T. Morato. (2002) The Azores archipelago, 1997: and Ecopath approach. Sea Around Us Project, University of British Columbia, Canada. 21 pp. (in press).  Kaschner, K., R. Watson, V. Christensen, A.W. Trites, and D. Pauly. (2002) Modeling and mapping trophic overlap between Marine mammals and commercial fisheries in the North Atlantic. In D. Zeller, R. Watson, T. Pitcher and D. Pauly (e ds.). Fisheries Impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Catch, Effort and National/Regional Data Sets. Fisheries Centre Research Reports, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia: 9(3) 35-45.  Mendy, A.N. and E.A. Buchary. (2002) Constructing the Icelandic marine ecosystem model for 1997 using a mass balance modelling approach. Fisheries Centre Research Report, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (in press).  Morato, T.; S. Guénette and T. Pitcher (2002) Fisheries of the Azores, 1982-1999. In: D. Zeller; R. Watson; T. Pitcher, and D. Pauly (eds).  Fisheries impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Catch, effort and national/regional data sets. Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Vol. 9(3) (in press).  Pauly, D. (2002) Darwin’s Fishes: an encyclopedia of ichthyology, ecology and evolution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (in press).  Pauly, D. (2002) Growth and mortality of basking shark Cetorhinus maximus , and their implications for whale shark R h i nc o d o n typu s . Pages 000-000 in: S.L. Fowler, T. Reid, and F.A. Dipper (eds.). Elasmobranch biodiversity: conservation and management. Proceedings of an International Seminar and Workshop held in Sabah, Malaysia. IUCN, Gland (in press).  Pauly, D. and J. Maclean. (2002) In a Perfect Ocean: fisheries and ecosystem in the North Atlantic. Island Press (in press).  Pauly, D. and V. Christensen. (2002) Chapter 10: Ecosystem Models in P. Hart and J. Reynolds (eds.). Handbook of Fish and Fisheries. Blackwell Science (in press).  Pauly, D. Fisheries management. (2002) Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Macmillan Reference Ltd. (in press).  Pitcher, T., M. Vasconcellos,  S. Heymans, C. Brignall and N. Haggan (eds.). (2002) Information Supporting Pat and Present Ecosystem Models of Norther British Columbia and the Newfoundland Shelf. Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Vol. 10(1) 116 pp.  Pitcher, T.J. and C.E. Hollingworth (eds.). (2002) Recreational Fisheries: Ecological, Economic and Social Evaluation. Fish and Aquatic Resources series No 8, Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK.  Pitcher, T.J., E.A. Buchary and P. Trujillo (eds.). (2002) Spatial simulations of Hong Kong’s marine ecosystem: forecasting with MPAs and human-made reefs. Fisheries Centre Research Report, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia 10(3): 168 pp.  Pitcher, T.J., J.J. Heymans, C. Ainsworth, E.A. Buchary, U.R. Sumaila and V. Christensen. (2002) Opening The Lost Valley: Implementing a ‘Back To Future’ Restoration Policy For Marine Ecosystems and Their Fisheries. In: D.D. MacDonald and E.E. Knudsen (eds.). “Fisheries Sustainability in  North America: Journeying Beyond Traditional Science and Education”. American Fisheries Society (in press).  Page 30    ANNEX 3 Pitcher,T.J., M. Vasconcellos, S.J.J. Heymans, C. Brignall and N. Haggan (eds.). (2002) Information Supporting Past and Present Ecosystem Models of Northern British Columbia and the Newfoundland Shelf. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 10(1): 116 pp.  Ryan, T., R. Watson and D. Pauly. (2002) Key features of commercial and recreational fisheries statistics from the US Atlantic coast. In D. Zeller, R. Watson, T. Pitcher and D. Pauly (eds.). Fisherie s Impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Catch, Effort and National/Regional Data Sets. Fisheries Centre Research Reports, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia: 9(3): 225-227.  Silvestre, G., L. Garces, C. Luna, M. Ahmed, R.A.V. Santos, L. Lachica-Alino, V.  Christensen and D. Pauly (eds.). (2002) Assessment a nd Management of Tropical Coastal Fisheries in Asia. ICLARM Conf. Proc. (in press).  Sumaila, U.R. (2002) The fishing enterprise and fisheries management. Contribution to a U N E S C O sponsored CD- rom Encyclo pedia . EOLSS Publishers, England (in press).  Trites, A.W. (2002) Food we bs in the ocean: who eats whom, and how much? I n Proceedings of the FAO – Iceland Conference on Responsible Fisheries in the Marine Ecosystem, September 24-28, 2001. Reykjavik, Iceland (in press).  Trites, A.W. (2002) Predat or-prey relationships. Pages 994-997 in W.F. Perrin, B. Wursig and H.G.M. Thewissen (eds.). Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Academic Press, San Diego.  Wai-Lung, C., R. Watson and T. Pitcher. (2002) Policy simulation of fisheries in the Hong Kong marine ecosystem. In K. Cochrane and T. Pitcher (eds.). The use of ecosystem models to investigate multispecies management strategies for capture fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Report, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia: 10(2) 46-53.  Walters, C.J., V. Christensen and D. Pauly. (2002) Searching for optimum fishing strategies for fisheries development, recovery and sustainability. p. 11-15. I n :  T.J. Pitcher and K. Cochrane (eds.). The use of ecosystem to investigate multispecies management strategies for capture fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 10(2), 156 pp.  Watson, R., A. Gelchu and D. Pauly. (2002) Mapping fisheries landings with emphasis on the North Atlantic. In D. Zeller, R. Watson, T. Pitcher and D. Pauly (eds.). Fisheries Impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Catch, Effort and National/Regional Data Sets. Fisheries Centre Research Reports, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia: 9(3) 1-11.  Zeller, D. and K.M.F. Freire. (2002) A preliminary North-East Atlantic Marine Ecosystem Model: Faroe Islands and ICES Area Vb. Fisheries Centre Research Reports (Canada), 10(2): 39-45.  2001  Amorim; P., G. Duarte; T. Morato and K. Stobberup. 2001. Preliminary Ecopath model of the Guinea-Bissau continental shelf ecosystem. (NW-Africa) (in press). Project SIAP Annual Report.  Christensen, V. and D. Pauly. 2001. Coral reef and other tropical fisheries. p. 534-538 I n : J.H. Steele, S.A. Thorpe and K.K. Turekian (Editors ). Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Academic Press, San Diego.  Christensen, V., S. Guénette, S. Heymans, C.J. Walters, R. Watson, D. Zeller and D.  Pauly. 2001. Trends in the abundance of high-trophic level fishes in the North Atlantic, 1950 to 2000. I n : S. Guénette, S., V. Christensen, T. Pitcher and D. Pauly (eds.). 2001. Fisheries Impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Models and Analyses Fisheries Centre Research Reports 9(4) [in press].  Forrest, R., T.J. Pitcher, R. Watson, H. Valtýsson and S. Guénette. 2001. Estimatin g Illegal and Unreported Catches from Marine Ecosystems: Two Case Studies. Pages 81-93 in Pitcher, T.J. and D. Pauly (eds.). Fisheries impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Evaluations and Policy Exploration. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 9(5). Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, 94 pp.  Froese, R. U. Piatkowski, S. Garthe and D. Pauly. 2001. Comparing with North Sea with the Caribbean? ICES/CIEM Newlsetter No 28 (Dec. 2001): 24-25. [Based on “A preliminary comparison of the trophic structure of some large marine ecosystems”. ICES CM 2001/T:07.]  Gayanilo, F.C., G. Silvestre, F. Valdez and D. Pauly 2001. Fisheries Resources Information System (FiRST): User Manual. International Centre for Living Aquatic Resouces Management, Penang, Malaysia, 126 p. Guénette, S., V. Christensen, T. Pitcher and D. Pauly (Editors). 2001. Fisheries Impacts on North Atlantic   Page 31 Ecosystems: Models and Analyses” Fisheries Centre Research Reports 9(4) [in press].  Hoagland, P., U.R. Sumaila and S. Farrow. (2001) Marine protected areas.  Pages 1654-1659 in J.H. Steele, S.A. Thorpe and K.K. Turekian (eds.). Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences.  London: Academic Press.  Jones, R., S. Watkinson an d D. Pauly. 2001. Accessing traditional ecological knowledge of First Nations in British Columbia through local common names in FishBase. Aboriginal Fisheries Journal/Newsletter of the BC Aboriginal Fish Commission. 7(1) Insert, 4 p.  Munro, G., K. Miller, T. McDorman, R. McKelvey and P. Tyedmers. (2001) The 1999 Pacific Salmon Agreement: A Sustainable Solution?, Canadian- American Public Policy Occasional Paper Number 47, Orono, The Canadian-American Center, University of Maine.  O’Dor, R., J.P. Aitken, S. Bolden, R.C. Babcock, S. Seinto, D.C. Zeller and G. Jackson. (2001) Using radio-acoustic positioning and telemetry (RAPT) to define and assess marine protected areas (MPAs). In J. Sibert and J. Nielsen (e ds.). Electronic Tagging and Tracking in Marine Fisheries. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, pp. 147-166.  Palomares, M.L and D. Pauly. 2001. Common names in FishBase: key to more information on fish. p. 116-118 I n : E. Feoli and C.E. Nauen (eds). Proceedings of the INCO-DEV International Workshop on Information Systems for Policy and Technical Support in Fisheries and Aquaculture. ACP-EU Fisheries Research Report No 8. 135 p.  Pang, L. and D. Pauly. 2001. Part 1 Chinese marine capture fisheries from 1950 to the late 1990s: the hopes, the plans and the data. p. 1-27. In: R. Watson L. Pang and D. Pauly. The marine fisheries of China: development and reported catches. Fisheries Centre Research Report 9(2), 50 p.  Pauly, D. 2001. Importance of the historical dimension in policy and management of natural resource systems, p. 5-10 I n : E. Feoli and C.E. Nauen (eds). Proceedings of the INCO-DEV Internationa l Workshop on Information Systems for Policy and Technical Support in Fisheries and Aquaculture. ACP-EU Fisheries Research Report No 8. 135 p.  Pauly, D. 2001. The Sea Around Us: some activities planned for 2001-2002. Sea Around Us Project Newsletter (10): 1-2. Pauly, D. and M.L. Palomares. 2001. Fishing down marine food webs: an update. p. 47-56 In: L. Bendell- Young and P. Gallaugher (eds). Waters in Peril. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht,. The Netherlands. 248 pp.  Pauly, Daniel, and Rainer Froese 2001. Fish Stocks. I n :  Simon Levin (ed.). Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. Academic Press, San Diego, Vol. 2: 801-814.  Pitcher, T., R. Sumaila and D. Pauly (Editors). 2001. Fisheries Impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Evaluations and Policy Exploration. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 9(5), 93 p.   Pitcher, T.J. and D. Pauly (eds.). (2001) Fisheries Impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Evaluations and Policy Exploration. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 9(5): 94 pp.  Trites, A.W. (2001) Marine  mammal trophic levels and interactions. Pages 1628-1633 in J. Steele, S. Thorpe and K. Turekian (eds.). Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences. Academic Press, London.  Watson, R. and D. Pauly. 2001. Global Overfishing. p. 163 I n : S. Earle (ed.) National Geographic Atlas of the Ocean: the deep frontier. National Geographic, Washington, D.C. 192 p.    Watson, R., L. Pang and D. Pauly. (2001) The marine fisheries of China: development and reported catches. Fisheries Centre Research Report. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia: 9(2) 58 pp.  Zeller D. and D. Pauly. (2001) Visualisation of standardised life-history patterns. Fish and Fisheries  2(4): 344-355.  Zeller, D., R. Watson, T. Pitcher and D. Pauly (Editors). 2001. Fisheries Impacts on North Atlantic Ecosystems: Catch, Effort and National/Regional Data Sets. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 9(3) [in press]  2000  Christensen, V., C.J. Wa lters and D. Pauly. 2000. Ecopath with Ecosim: a user’s guide. Fisheries Centre, UBC, Vancouver, and International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Manage ment, Penang. 131 p. Froese and D. Pauly (Editors) 2000. FishBase 2000: Concepts, Design and Data Sources. ICLARM, Los Baños, Philippines, 346 p. [Distributed with 4 CD- ROMs]. Page 32    ANNEX 3  L.M. Ruttan and F.C. Gayanilo, Jr., and U.R Sumaila. (2000) Small versus large- scale fisheries: A multi- species, multi-fleet model for evaluating their interactions and potential benefits, a 'Methodology Paper' of the Sea Around Us. Project. Pages 64-78 in D. Pauly and T.J. Pitcher (eds.). Methods for evaluating the impact of fisheries on North Atlantic marine ecosystems. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 8(2).  Munro, G. and U.R. Sumaila. (2000) Restoration of overexploited capture fishery resources: An economic/Ecosim modeling approach, a 'Methodology Paper' of the Sea Around Us. Project. Pages 106-113 in D. Pauly and T.J. Pitcher  (eds). Methods for evaluating the impact of fisheries on North Atlantic marine ecosystems. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 8(2).  Pauly, D. 2000. Commentary: fishing down marine food webs p. 195-199 I n : Paul J. Harrison and T. R. Parson (eds). Fisheries Oceanography: an integrative approach to fisheries ecology and management. Blackwell Science, Oxford. 347 p.   Pauly, D. 2000. Fisheries in the Philippines and in the world: an overview. Tambuli: a Publication for Coastal Management Practitioners. No. 6: 23-25 [Based on a presentation to mayors of coastal municipalities of the Philippines, on May 27, 1999]  Pauly, D. 2000. Global change, fisheries and the integrity of marine ecosystems: the future has already begun. p. 227-239 I n : David Pimentel, Laura Westra and Reed F. Ross (eds.). Ecological integrity: integrating environment, conservation and health. Island Press, Washington, D.C., 428 p.  Pauly, D. 2000. Une vision mondiale des pêches et de leurs impacts sur les écosystèmes. p. 9-13 In: Actes du Colloque <<Nouveaux outils, nouvelles démarches pour la gestion durable du milieu marin>>. Revue de l’Université de Moncton. Hors séries.  Pauly, D. and M.L. Palomares 2000. Approaches for dealing with three sources of bias when studying the fishing down marine food web phenomenon. p. 61- 66. I n : F. Durand (ed.) Fishing down the Mediterranean food webs? Proceedings of a CIESM Workshop held in Kerkyra, Greece, 26-30 July, 2000. CIESM Workshop Series No 12, 99 p. [with replacement for Fig. 4]   Pauly, D. and R. Watson. 2000. Large marine ecosystems. FishBytes, The Newsletter of the Fisheries Centre, UBC. 6(4): 3.  Pauly, D. and T. Pitcher. 2000. Assessment and mitigation of fisheries impacts on marine ecosystems. Sea Around Us Project Newsletter (3): 1-4.  Pauly, D. and T.J. Pitcher (Editors). 2000. Methods for Evaluating the Impacts of Fisheries on North Atlantic Ecosystems. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 8(2), 195 pp.  Pauly, D. and T.J. Pitc her. 2000. Assessment and mitigation of fisheries impacts on marine ecosystems: a multidisciplinary approach for basin-scale inferences, applied to the North Atlantic. p. 1-12 In: Pauly, D. and T.J. Pitcher (eds.). Methods for Evaluating the Impacts of Fisheries on North Atlantic Ecosystems. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 8(2).   Pauly, D., R. Watson, D. Ze ller and V. Christensen. 2000. Ecosystems of the North Atlantic: some definitions. The Sea Around Us Project Newsletter (2): 1-4.   Pauly, D., V. Christensen, R. Froese, A. Longhurst, T. Platt, S. Sathyendranath, K. Sherman and R. Watson. 2000. Mapping fisheries onto marine ecosystems: a proposal for a consensus approach for regional, oceanic and global integration . p. 13- 22. In: Pauly, D. and T.J. Pitcher (eds.). Methods for Evaluating the Impacts of Fisheries on North Atlantic Ecosystems. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 8(2).  Ruttan, L.M. F.C. Gayanilo Jr. U.R. Sumaila and D. Pauly. 2000. Small versus large-scale fisheries: a multi- species multi-fleet model for evaluating their interactions and potential benefits. p. 64-78. In: Pauly, D. and T.J. Pitcher (eds.). Methods for Evaluating the Impacts of Fisheries on North Atlantic Ecosystems. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 8(2).  Sumaila, U.R. (2000) Biodivers ity in a game theoretic model of the fishery. In R.S. Johnston and A.L. Shriver (eds.). Proceedings of the 10t h International Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon.  Sumaila, U.R., R. Chuenpagdee and G. Munro. (2000) Tracking fisheries landings in the North Atlantic, a 'Methodology Paper' of the Sea Around Us. Project. Pages 114-122 in D. Pauly and T.J. Pitcher (eds.). Methods for evaluating the impact of fisheries on North Atlantic marine ecosystems. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 8(2).    Page 33 Sumaila, U.R., T.J. Pitcher,  N. Haggan and R. Jones. (2000) Evaluating the Benefits from Restored Ecosystems: A Back to the Future Approach. In R.S. Johnston and A.L. Shriver (eds.). Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon.  Zeller, D. and D. Pauly. 2000.  How life history patterns and depth zone analysis can help fisheries policy. The Sea Around Us Project Newsletter (4): 2-4.   Zeller, D. and D. Pauly. 2000.  How life history patterns and depth zone analysis can help fisheries policy. p. 40- 53. In: Pauly, D. and T.J. Pitcher (eds.). Methods for Evaluating the Impacts of Fisheries on North Atlantic Ecosystems. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 8(2).  Page 34 CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS   ANNEX 4  2 0 0 2  Sea Around Us (at Symposium on Fisheries Impact on Marine Ecosystems) February 16: AAAS Meeting, Boston, USA.  Back to the Future: Methods and Results Symposium February 20-22: University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.  2 0 0 1  Scientific Writing Course February 19-23: University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.  Education for Aboriginal Fisheries Science & Ecosystem Management March 26-27: University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.  Putting Fishers’ Knowledge to Work August 27-31: University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.  Back to the Future: Community Consultation Workshop December 4-7: Prince George, BC, Canada.       Page 35   Page 36 SEMINARS   ANNEX 5  2 0 0 2  Maria Lourdes Palomares (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Biodiversity in FishBase: Georeferencing Expedition Records from the Early 1800s.  Dom Tollit (Marine Mammal Unit, Fisheries Centre, UBC) Towards Accurate Estimates of Pinniped Diet Composition.  Stephen Hall (Australian Institute of Marine Science) Fisheries Management from an Ecosystem Perspective: How Do We Get There from Here?  Bill Seaman (Florida Sea Grant College Program, University of Florida) Human-made Reefs in Ocean Fisheries and Ecosystems: Using Suspicion and Science to Define Their Roles.  Jacques Moreau (Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Toulouse (ENSAT)) Lake Ubolratana, Thailand: A Multi Disciplinary Approach and Integration of Information Towards Proper Management and Sustainability of a Tropical Man- made Lake.  Gerry Silvestre (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research) Demersal Fisheries of Southeast Asia: Key Challenges and Opportunities.  Bill Montevecchi (Memorial University of Newfoundland) Seabird x Fish Interactions: Intersecting Prey, Fisheries and Oceanographic Conditions.  Andre E. Punt (School of Aquatic & Fishery Science, University of Washington) Assessment of Data Poor Species: Can Bayesian Methods Help Us?  John Atta-Mills (Former Vice President of Ghana and Visiting Professor at Centre for the Study of Global Issues, UBC) Ghanaian Fisheries.  Bruce Ward (Fisheries Research and Development Section, BC Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection) Climate-induced Variation in Survival of Salmonids on the West Coast of North America during Freshwater and Marine Life Stages.  Carin Magnhagen & Torleif Eriksson (Dept. of Aquaculture) and Kjell Danell & Kjell Sjoberg (Dept. of Animal Ecology) (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umea, Sweden) Utilisation of the Fish and Wildlife Resources in Boreal Ecosystems: Information about a Program for Bilateral Co-operation between UBC and SLU (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences).  Nathan Taylor (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Exploring the Effects of Density Manipulations on Growth, Mortality and Behavior of the Northern Pikeminnow in B.C.  Andrea Coombs (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Modeling the flow of PCBs in the Eastern Bering Sea.  Telmo Morato Gomes (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Coastal Marine Fish Communities’ Research in the Azores.  Kerry Irish (Fisheries Centre, UBC) One Whale, Two Whales, Red Whale, Blue Whale: Towards an Abundance Estimate for Killer Whales in Alaska.  Vasiliki Karpouzi (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Feeding Habits and Trophic Levels of Mediterranean Fishes.  Hector Lozano (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Historical Ecosystem Analysis and Modeling of the Upper Gulf of California after Nearly a Century of Discharge Loss.  Pablo Trujillo (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Salmon Farming in Chile and BC: An Ecosystem Approach.  Ahmed Gelchu (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Evolution and Distribution of Fishing Effort: A GIS Based Analysis.  2 0 0 1   Murray Rudd (School for Field Studies, Turks and Caicos Islands) Does seafood import tariff protection for artisanal fishers increase fishing pressure on vulnerable reef fish in the Turks and Caicos Islands?  Ivonne Ortiz (School of Aquatic and Fisheries Sciences, UW) On the brink of extinction: the plight of the vaquita.  Dorothee Schreiber (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Individual quotas in the Pacific halibut and groundfish fisheries.    Page 37 Teresa Ryan (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Grease Trails to Ghost Trails: Modelling the pre-contact North Coastal eulachon fishery for comparison to recent commercial fisheries management.  Dave Lightly (Chief of Sooke Band) Use of trapnets in selective fishing in B.C.  Ransom A. Myers (Killam Chair of Ocean Studies, Dalhousie University) Can meta-analysis solve all outstanding problems in the populations dynamics and management of fish?  Dave Preikshot (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Everything I ever needed to know I learnt from Puget Sound.  Shelton Harley (Dalhousie University) Meta-analysis and hierarchical modelling of fisheries data.  Emma Bredesen (MMRU, Fisheries Centre, UBC) Ecosystem modelling of the Antarctic.  Cameron Ainsworth (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Modeling the Bay of Biscay, France with Ecopath and Ecosim  Raychelle Daniel (MMRU, Fisheries Centre, UBC) Timing of molt in wild and captive Steller Sea Lions.  David Policansky (National Research Council, Washington, DC) Managing space and access in recreational fisheries.  Lee Alverson (Natural Resources Consultants Inc., WA) 5th Larkin Lecture: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: Factors influencing the scope and quality of fisheries science and management decisions.  Lee Alverson (Natural Resources Consultants Inc., WA) Larkin Lecture Discussion: Factors influencing the scope and quality of fisheries science and management decisions.  Teresa Ryan (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Indigenous people and correct terminology.  Ellen Pikitch (Wildlife Conservation Society, Marine Conservation) A seascape approach to fisheries management and biodiversity conservation.  Andrea Morgan (Steelhead Society Habitat Restoration Corp.) Squamish River watershed restoration program – overview of restoration work completed over the past seven years.  Richard Stanford (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Using Ecopath to model the English Channel/La Manche.  Julia Baum (MMRU, Fisheries Centre, UBC) Bycatch of sharks in Pelagic Longline Fisheries.  Anna Hall (MMRU, Fisheries Centre, UBC) Evaluation of harbour porpoise population status off southern Vancouver Island and development of a small cetacean  conservation model.  Tom Tomascik (Parks Canada) The role of national marine conservation areas in conservation of marine biodiversity.  Marc Porter (BC Fisheries) Defining logging risk to BC’s freshwater fish fauna: an exercise in GIS and armchair ecology.  Cecilie Kvamme (Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway) A preliminary assessment of the effects of introducing a grid in the trawl fishery for North-East Arctic Cod.  Martin Sayer (Scottish Association for Marine Science, UK) Sustainable fisheries management and artificial reefs: Scottish perspective.  Daniel Pauly (Fisheries Centre, UBC) The Sea Around Us Project, with key results from its first 2 years.  Wolfgang Haider (School of Resource and Environmental Management, SFU) Theory and applications of stated choice models to recreational fishing.  Julia Parrish (Pacific Northwest Coastal Ecosystem Regional Study, UW) The canary in the coalmine: what can common murres tell us about nearshore ecosystem health?  Dianne Newell (Department of History, UBC) What constitutes the ‘economic history’ of fisheries: An International Perspective.  Page 38    ANNEX 5 Rashid Sumaila (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Evaluating marine ecosystem restoration efforts: cost-benefit analysis.  Charles Menzies (Department of Anthropology and Sociology, UBC) Indigenous resource management, local governance, and the health of pacific salmon in the Tsimshian territories: a preliminary review.  Tonny Wagey (Oceanography, UBC) Study of phytoplankton ecology in Ambon Bay.  Eric Parkinson (BC Ministry of Fisheries) The regulation of population abundance in lacustine rainbow trout.  Vardis Tsontos (Department of Biological Science, USC) The Gulf of Maine Biogeographical Information System (GMBIS) Project: A spatial data management framework supporting fisheries oceanography and marine biogeographical studies.  Eny Buchary (Fisheries Centre, UBC) Spatial simulations of Hong Kong’s marine ecosystem.  Arnie Narcisse (The BC Aboriginal Fisheries Commission) First Nations fisheries in BC.  Bob Francis (School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, UW) A web of small tensions.     Page 39   Page 40 GRADUATE COURSES   ANNEX 6  The following 3-credit courses are currently run by the Fisheries Centre:  Fish 500 Issues in Fisher ies Research: Seminars Fish 501 Issues in Fisherie s Research: Freshwater Fish 502 Issues in Fisher ies Research: Marine Fish 503 Issues in Fish eries Research: Policy Fish 504 Quantitative Analysis of Fisheries I Fish 505 Quantitative Analysis of Fisheries II Fish 506 Critical Issues in  Fisheries Development   Several of the above courses are comprised of modules. Different modules are run each year depending on our partners, visitors, and workshops in the Centre.   Fisheries Centre Graduate Program   General Information   T h e new Fishe r i es Centr e at UBC was formed as a un it of the Faculty of Graduate Studies and aims to focus and promote the multidisciplinar y study of fisherie s. Analytica l tools develope d in a broad spec trum of parent subjec ts , includ ing biology, oc eanography, economics, engineering, mathematics, sociolog y , plannin g and policy are employe d in order to assess, apprais e and forecas t the impacts of both human and natural process es on fisher y reso ur c e s. Fisherie s policy and managem e n t problems under study include assessme n t and manageme n t of artisana l and commercial food capture fisher ies, recrea ti o n a l fisher ies , coastal and watershed manageme n t , aquacult u r e biolog y and engineer in g , conflict resolution and the co-management of shared fishery resources, and the cons ervation of endangered exploite d spec ies in both marine and freshw at er environme n t s.  T h i s guideli ne is to complem e n t the general regu lations detailed by the Faculty of Graduate Studies. Student s of the Fisher ie s Centre can be enrolle d at various depart m e n t s under the Faculty of Graduate Studies , e.g. Resour ce Management and Environmen tal Studies , or Zoolog y . The Fisher ie s Centre and the First Nation s Hous e of Learnin g are also encour ag i n g aborig ina l studen t s to apply for gradua t e studies in Master and PhD programs. More information can be found in the Aborig in a l Fisher ies Initiatives  web page.  Admission Requirements  S t u d e n t s should refer to the adm ission requirements of the Faculty of Graduate Studies  for general information and minimum academic guidelines. In general, a bachelors degree in Science (e.g. Ecology, Biology, Zoology), or in relevant quantitative subjec ts within Arts (e.g. Mathematics, Economics) will norma lly be required. Degrees from other disciplin e s will be cons ide r e d wher e an applic a n t 's main backgro un d is in polic y or sociolog y of fisher i es , and wher e evidenc e of quant itative experienc e can be provided. A master 's degree is normally required for admission to the doctoral program.    Page 41  Courses  S t u d e n t s should check with the depart m e n t wher e they are regist e r e d for course requir e m en t s. Additiona l l y , the Fisherie s Centre offers a series of  fisher i es cour ses whic h studen t s are encour a g ed to take. Thes e courses are as follows:  • FISH 500  (3 credits) Issues in Fisherie s Research: Seminars: Terms 1 & 2  • FISH 501  (3 credits) Issues in Fi sherie s Research: Freshw ater   • FISH 502  (3 credits) Issues in Fis herie s Research: Marine: Term 2   • FISH 503  (3 credits) Issues in Fisher ies Researc h : Polic y ( Not offered 2001/2002 school year)   • FISH 504  (3 credi ts) Quanti ta ti ve Analy s i s of Fisher ie s I: Term 1   • FISH 505  (3 credits) Quantitative Analy s is of Fisheries II: Term 2   • FISH 506  (3 credits) Critical Iss u es in Fis heries :  Term 1   O t h e r recomme n d ed courses :  • AGEC 421B - Economics of Biodiversity & Nature Cons ervation   • AGSC 480 - Intensiv e Fish Product i o n   • AGSC 490 - Aquaculture and the Environment  • ANTH 495A/ANTH 540A - Ecology, Social Science and Fisherie s Cris es   • BIOL 402 - Aquatic Ecology   • BIOL 408 - Principles of Applied Ecology   • ECON 308 - Introduc t i o n to Microe c o n om i c s   • ECON 309 - Principl es of Economi c s   • ECON 472 - Econom i c s of Renewab l e Resour c e s   • ECON 571 - Economics Analysis and Natural Resources   • FRST 387 - Fish/F ores try Interac tions   • FRST 485 - Forest Water Manage m en t   • GEOG 539/RMES 500C - Climate Change in the 21st Century   • RMES 500X - Integrated Coastal Zone Managemen t   • RMES 501 - Perspec t i v e s on Resour c es & Environ me n t s   • ZOOL 523 - Fish Behaviou r & Ecology   • ZOOL 527 - Theoretical Population Dynamics   Fisheries Centre Members   T h e studen t s of the Fisher ie s C entre can take advanta g e of the knowled g e of the member s of the Fisheries Centre who have expertise in various fields  ranging from Fish Behavior, Fisher ies Assessment and Modelling, Tropical Fisher ies, Fisheries Policy and Economics, Aquaculture, and much more. Fisher i es Centre member s can serve as studen t s' supervisors or in supervisory committees.  More Information  Students interested in knowing more about the Fish eri e s Centre and our gradua te progra m can contac t the Fisher ies Centre Graduate Se cret a r y, at the follow i n g addres s :  Page 42    ANNEX 6 F i s h er i es Centr e  2204 Main Mall  Vanc ouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4  tel. (604) 822- 2731  fax. (604) 822-8934  email: offic e@ fis heries.ubc.ca   Page 43  FISH 500 : Issues in Fisheries Research Seminars  FISH 500 ( 3 credits ; Catalog u e # 88710 Section 001)  Course Organizers :  Ya jie (Luc y) Liu  and Dr Tony Pitc her , Fisheries Centre, UBC  Time :  Fridays, 11:00 am -12:30 pm (starting Fri day, September 14 2001; coffee & muffins at 10:30 am before the semina r )  Organisational meeting , for students taking the course for credit, set for Friday, September 7th at 11 am in the Ralf Yorque Room ( c on fi r m e d )  Place :  R a l f Yorque Room (Room 115, Fisher i es Centre)  Remarks:  The aim of this two- term seminar cour se is to give students a broad perspec tive of the scope of fisheries scienc e, to give students an opportun i t y to presen t an informal working seminar on their researc h and to enable active partici pa t i o n in discuss io n of fisherie s issues. The students will also have  to prepare an abstra ct of some of the semina rs that are presented (see the list of seminars  - updated January 4, 2002). All Fisher i es Centre graduat e students are ex pected to present one FISH 500 seminar each year.   Page 44    ANNEX 6 Fish 500 Seminar Student Information  W i n t e r 2001 - 2002 Terms 1 and 2 Fridays, 11:00-12:30 pm, RYR Cour se organizers: Tony Pitcher & Yajie (Lucy) Liu   Organisational meeting for students taking Fish 500 for credit: Friday, September 7, 2001 11:00 am, Ralf Yorque Room, Hut B-8 (confirmed!) Course description  T h e seminar series will featur e presen t ati o n s from external speakers and students from the Fisher ies Centre. The aim of the course is to give students a broad perspec t i v e of the scope of fisherie s science , and enable active partici p a t i o n in  discu ss i on of fisher i es issues. Each studen t will have an opportunity to present an informal working semina r on their resear c h during the second term. For credit s , studen ts will be requir e d to  prepare an abstract of some of the seminars pres en t ed and prepar e a "confer e nc e report ". De tails of the assessme n t s are presen te d below.  Assessments 1. Abstracts  ( 40%)  Eac h term, 3  abstracts  of semina rs must be written, a total of 6 for the whole year. Abstracts must be shor t (300 words) and spec ific (no "… we re discussed " kind of sentences ). Seminars have to be chosen from among thos e of external  and non-student FC spea k er s. Abstr ac t s must be handed in a week after the seminar (Friday, 5pm in Yajie’s mailbox). Use the word counter in your word proc essor. Do not send abstracts by e-mail.  2. Seminar  ( 10%)  This is intended to be an informal presentation of your work in progress of what you expect to do. This seminar should be 20 minutes long and leave 10 minutes for question s. The structu r e and format of the semina r should follow the criteria generally recogn iz e d for pres enta t io n s (no reading allowed ). Speakers should hand out the title  and a short  abstract  a week before their pres entations, hard copies or by e-mail to Yajie.  3. Conference report  ( 50%)  Write a report of all the semi nars present e d during the 2 terms using the format of publishe d confer e nc e reports. Such reports are general l y  shor t (800 words). They give the reader an   Page 45  o verview  of what was presented, highlights  of some papers and critique  of some aspects of the series or particu l ar seminar s. The reports are due by the end of Spring term 2001.   4. Presence  Students are expected to attend every seminar.  Page 46    ANNEX 6 FISH 501 : Issues in Fisheries Research: Freshwater    FISH 501 ( 3 credits ; Catalog u e # 10434 Section 001)  Course Organizers :  Dr Tony Pitc her , Fisheries Centre, UBC  Time :  9 am to 4 pm (times may vary on specific days)  Place :  R a l f Yorque Room  Remarks:  Module 1, February 4 - 7 2002 Dr. Tony Pitcher, UBC Fisher ies Centre Ad vanced RapFish  DETAILED SCHEDULE: Monday 4 Feb. 10.30-12.00 and 2.00-4.30: Introductory Lectures on Rapfish, literature on Rapfish.  Tuesday 5 Feb. 10.30-12.00: Practical session on methods, assignment of seminar topics, to be followed up in own time.  Wednesday 6 Feb. 10.3-12.00: Practical help session, to be followed up in own time.  Thursday 7 Feb 2-4.30: Seminar presentations and wrap-up of course  Module 2, March 4: 1 - 4 pm March 5: 9 - 12 am and 2 - 4 pm March 6: 1 - 4 pm March 8: 9 am - 2 pm Dr. Rashid Sumail a , UBC Fisher i es Centre E c o n o mi c s of Fisheries Restoration and Management  This cour se will begin by introd uc i ng studen ts to the key concep t s in fisher ie s economic s. It will then proceed to discuss the latest ideas in the economic s of marine ecosys te m restor at io n and fisher ie s manageme n t. These ideas are then extended to look at the broader issue of maintaining environmental quality for the benefit of both curren t and future generations.  Module 3: March 25, 26, 27, 28, 2002 Dr. Daniel Pauly, UBC Fisher ies Centre Advanced EcoPath with EcoSim    Page 47  FISH 502 : Issues in Fisheries Research: Marine Uncertainty and Conflict: the Challenges to Responsible Fisheries Management   T h i s cour se will be jointly taught in 2001-2002 as Interdiscipli nary Studies cour se INDS 502Q.  FISH 502 (3 credits; catalogue #53730, Section 001, Term 2)  Course Organizer :  D r. Kevern Cochr a ne ,  Senio r Fish ery Resou rc es Offic e r FAO, Rome, Italy Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiti n g Profes s or , 2002  Place and Time :  G r e en College , Wednes d ay s 4 - 6 pm  Remarks :  Dr Kevern Cochrane, is a 2002 Green Visiting Professor in Reside nce, a term-long profes sorship awarded by the Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiti ng Profes s o r s h i ps. The UBC Fisheri e s Centre nominated Dr. Cochrane for the Profes sorship, wi th the support of faculty and students in a number of UBC departme n t s.  Dr Cochrane is based at the Food and Agricultur e Organization of the United Nations, in Rome, wher e his work inclu de s the Carib b ea n and South eas t Atlantic regions, as well as the Code of Conduc t for Respon s ib l e Fisher i es. His divers e exper i e nc e also include s a period as a Justic e and Reconciliation Worker for t he Church of the Province  of Southern Africa (Episcopalian), in his native South Africa.  All Fisherie s Centre studen ts are very st rongly urged to register for this course.  See the cours e desc r i p ti on  or the web site for Interdis c iplinary Studies  for more details of Dr. Cochra n e' s semin ar.     Page 48    ANNEX 6 Course Description: Fish 502 and Interdisciplinary Studies 502Q Dr. Kevern Cochrane Uncertainty and Conflict: the Cha llenges to Responsible Fisheries Management  T h e course will provide an overview of the succes se s and failures of fisheries manageme n t in recent histor y, and address some of the primar y ca uses of its failures. Fisherie s exist to meet human requir e m e n t s and the fundame n ta l conflic t between human demand and limite d ecolog ic a l productivity is at the heart of the cris is facing fisher i es and cons erv a t i o n of marine resourc es. This over-riding conflict is frequently obscured by mu ltiple use of resources, wher e the impact of differen t use-group s on the resources may be hard to estimat e and competi n g requirem e n ts difficult to resolve. Adding to the complexity of  most fisher ies is pervasive uncertainty about the biolog ic a l and ecolog i c a l quanti t i e s and proces s es driving resource productivity, and of the true impact of human use on these resour ces in each case. This course will examine the net effect of these conflic t s and of the far from perfec t inform ation on our attemp ts to obtain optimal benefits from captu r e fishe r ie s in a respons i b le and su stai na b le manner. The topic will be address e d in different ways , includ ing the use of simulation models and through examination of case studies, draw ing partic ular ly, but not exclus ively, on recent developments in S outh African fisher ies. In this country, the on-going attemp ts to address the imbal anc es in access to fishery resources resultin g from apartheid, so as to achieve equity in the fishing sector, have encount er e d and highlig h te d many of the fundamental pr oblems common to all fisheries.  While conventional single-specie s management is yet to be implemented effectively in most fisherie s, the current movement in fisheries towards ecosystem- based management will lead to recognition of even greater uncer tainties and more  conflicts than have been explicitly included in the single-s pe c i es oriented approach es used up to know. This will further complica t e implementation of responsi ble management, as will be addressed in the course.  T h e course will cons id er methods for estima t i n g un certainties in scientific advice and using them in decis ion - ma k i ng , as well as approac he s to  identifying and resolving conflicts. Finally, the contrib u t i o n of some major governme n t a l and non- governmental global initiatives intended to encourage better management of marine resour ces will be cons idered, including the UN Law of the Sea, the FAO Code of Conduc t for Respons ib l e Fisher i es and eco-lab e l l in g.  The following specific topics will be covered.  1. The recent history of fisheri e s and fisheri e s management and the evolution of the current globa l cris i s in fisher ie s.   2. The role of science and the scienti s t in informi n g decisio n - ma k in g in fisheri es managemen t.   3. Uncertain t y and risk.   4. Reconciling the irreconc ilable: case studies reflecting the conflicts between different ecologic a l , economic , social and other interes t s.  5. The institutional requiremen ts for implementing ecosystem-ba sed fisherie s managemen t.   6. Practical examples of providing scientif ic advice for ecos ystem- based management, illustrated through use of Ecopath with Ecosim.     Page 49  7. Determining management strategies: a patchwork of measures.  8. Global instrum e n t s and initiat i v e s : achieve m e n t s , failures and still pending.   9. Look ing to the future  Page 50    ANNEX 6            UBC FISHERIES CENTRE - GRADUATE  COURSES             Fish 504  - Fisheries Analysis  Timetable for 2000            Sessions   Session  Date 9.30-11.00 14.00-16.30 Theme 1 Friday 08-Sep tjp tjp Modelling growth and mortality 2 Friday 15-Sep tjp tjp Dynamic Pool Models 1 3 Friday 22-Sep tjp tjp Dynamic Pool Models 2 4 Friday 29-Sep dp dp Growth parameters from length-frequency data 5 Friday 06-Oct tjp tjp Surplus Production Models 1 6 Friday 13-Oct dp dp Introduction to FISAT software 7 Friday 20-Oct tjp tjp Surplus Production Models 2 8 Friday 27-Oct tjp tjp A two-sector bioeconomic fishery model 9 Friday 03-Nov dp dp Yield and value per recruit 10 Friday 10-Nov tjp tjp Virtual Population Analysis 11 Friday 17-Nov dp dp Mortality parameters from length-frequency data 12 Friday 24-Nov dp dp Length-structured VPA           Assessment*    tjp 50% 2 topics written up, deadline Jan 2nd 2001    dp 50% 2 topics written up, deadline Jan 2nd 2001                   Course Tutors        Dr Tony J. Pitcher      Dr Daniel Pauly * please note that Fish 504 assigments have been delivered very late in previous years.  For the 2000/01 session, assignments handed in after this deadline will be subjected to a 5% penalty per day.  All assigrnents should be handed in to Janice Doyle in the FC office (room 100 Hut B8)   Page 51  FISH 505 : Quantitative Analysis of Fisheries II  FISH 505 ( 3 credits ; Catalog u e # 10548 Section 001)  Course Instructor :  R o be r t Ahrens , Fisheri es Centre, UBC  Time :  F r i d a ys , 9:00 am -10:30 am and 2 - 4 pm (starti n g 11 January 2002)  Place :  R a l f Yorque Room (Room 115, Fisher i es Centre)  Remarks:  A study of world fisheries that presently or potentially can be utilized; including cons ideration of sport and non-extrac tive use. World aquat ic renew a b le resourc es are explored in a framew ork of biological, technol og ical and institutional factors. Theoretical and applied approa ch es to managemen t are examined in depth includin g techniqu e s of analysis, synthesis and implementation.    Page 52    ANNEX 6 FISH 50 6:  Critical Issues in Fisheries  FISH 506 ( 3 credits ; Catalog u e # 53730 Section 001)  Course Organizers :  D r Andr ew Trites , Fisher i es Centre , UBC  Time : (Term 1, 2001/2002 Academic Year)  Mondays and Wednesdays 10:30 am to 12:00 (45 minutes lecture, 45 minutes discus sion)   Place :  R a l f Yorque Room (Room 115, Fisher i es Centre)  Remarks:  T h i s cour se aims to introduc e studen ts to the scope and focus of fisher i es resear c h being carried out in the UBC Fisherie s Centre.  The overall resear ch theme is that of the pr oblems and status of world fisherie s.  The course includes introd uctory material on a range of topics, such as ecos yste m modeling and rapid appraisal, later covered in depth in other FC graduate cour ses.  In addition, the cour se includes brief introductions to useful techniques such as GIS and databases.  Sessions are run by FC Fa culty, Postdocs and Research Associat es.  To receive credit for Fish 506, students choose four of the topics given by the profes sors and submit an essay (3000 word maximum) on each. Detailed list of topics TBA.  A l l graduate students in the Fisheries Centre ar e expected to attend this course in their firs t year.   Wednesday, 5 Sept., 10:30 am:  Introductory Session.     Page 53    Page 54 RESEARCH SUPPORT INCOME   ANNEX 9  Funding from UBC (2001-2002):  Salaries $393,686  Operating costs $24,469   External research funding:   $4,068,094     External research funding by year: - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 1993 199 4 199 5 199 6 199 7 199 8 199 9 2000 2001 Yea r    Infrastructure grants*:  1995 $150,000 (UBC)  2000 $12.7 million (CFI, KDF, UBC)     *Project finances are as declar ed to the Fisheries Centre.    Page 55   Page 56 


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