UBC Community and Partners Publications

2006 - 2007 report 2011

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 page 1 Table of Contents Director’s Introduction   2 Fisheries Centre Mission and Activities   3 Research Units Aboriginal Fisheries   4 Ministry of Environment   5 Quantitative Modeling Group   6 Fisheries Economics Research Unit   8 Marine Mammal Research Unit 10 Project Seahorse 12 Sea Around Us Project 14 Fisheries Ecosystems Restoration Research 16 Graduate Studies 18 Graduate Students 19 Graduate Theses Completed 24 Fisheries Centre Members 25 Faculty 25 International Advisory Council 26 Support Staff 26 Publications Articles in Refereed Journals 27 Books and Technical Reports 31 Fisheries Centre Research Reports 32 Chapters in Books and Technical Reports 33 Miscellaneous Publications 40 Fisheries Centre Visitors 43 Funding 44 page 2 Director’s Introduction The years 2006 to 2007 were, for the Fisheries Centre, relatively calm, at least whencompared to the past biennium, which saw us wander from ‘the huts’ into temporaryhousing, then return triumphantly to Main Mall. We are still discovering our new building, the Aquatic Ecosystems Research Laboratory or AERL. We discovered that it is more spacious than we feared, but also more noisy and drafty than we had hoped.  And, as we gradually sort out its various kinks, the AERL becomes more familiar, becomes part of what we are. However, we have not become so comfortable that the drive to connect, to research and to publish would have been affected, and this report documents a wide range of activities demonstrating that. The scholarly books, and the many articles in peer-reviewed publications that have been published by Fisheries Centre faculty and other members have been complemented by a vast number of articles and interviews in mass media attesting to our commitment to communicating with the public, in addition to contributing to the scientific and scholarly literature documented in this report.  Those contributions to civil society are recognized by our university, and are the reason why the new UBC President, Professor Stephen J. Toope, so regularly mentions the Fisheries Centre in his various speeches about UBC’s clout.  This is in stark contrast to our operating budget from UBC, on the last page of this report. I hope that, in the next years, we will be able to translate the international, national, provincial, and campus-wide recognition that the Fisheries Centre enjoys into wider support for its overworked and underfunded administrative infrastructure.  In fact, I hope this will become the main message of the five-years review that we expect in early 2008. I conclude by taking this opportunity to thank my colleagues, and the staff and students of the Centre, and all our friends on the UBC campus, who have made it not only a pleasure, but also a matter of pride to be able to speak and write on behalf of the Fisheries Centre. Dr Daniel Pauly Director Fisheries Centre page 3 Fisheries Centre Mission and Activities We recall the Fisheries Centre’s mission statement, which was developed in 1993, slightly modified since, and still relevant today: Our planet's fisheries have reached their ecological limits. As benefits from traditional resources decrease, pressure grows to exploit other resources, a process not necessarily compatible with ecosystem health. Policy and planning for ecosystem-based management must then be informed by knowledge of the interplay of human, biotic and environmental factors that affect ecosystem structure and function. Key requirements are sufficient time-depth to capture biodiversity, abundance and trophic structure prior to depletion, identification of the full range of benefits that healthy ecosystems provide to present and future generations and integration of the fine-scale knowledge of the maritime community with large-scale national and international fisheries management. The Fisheries Centre promotes multidisciplinary study of aquatic ecosystems and broad-based collaboration with maritime communities, government, NGOs and other partners. We believe that the social capital developed through collaboration and the intellectual capital that increased knowledge of ecosystem function and values represents can lead to the re-investment in natural capital necessary to conserve and restore aquatic systems. As previously, this mission inspired, in 2006 and 2007, numerous research and outreach activities, both in- house and linked with outside organizations (see list of publications, p. 27-42).  This research and these outreach activities included convening international and domestic conferences and workshops, drawing researchers and policy-makers from around the world and locally.  However, our emphasis remained on the instructional supervision of graduate (MSc and PhD) students, see p. 19-23. To document these activities, in 2006-2007, the Fisheries Centre published 15 Fisheries Centre Research Reports and 31 items in our Working Paper Series, both often serving as basis for subsequent submission to peer-reviewed literature.  Also, we continued to publish FishBytes, the Centre's bimonthly newsletter, which has been produced and distributed internationally since 1995. The Centre continued to host a weekly seminar from September to April, funded by the Province of British Columbia Ministry of Environment, which allows the Centre to bring speakers from Canada and abroad, while providing our students with a forum for peer review of their work in progress (see box).  The Centre also hosted dozens of short and long-term Canadian and international visitors, who shared their expertise with the members (see p. 43). The Fisheries Centre also has a prestigious lecture series, the Larkin Lectures, held in memory of the late Professor Peter Larkin and funded through an endowment established by his colleagues, family, and friends.  The Larkin Lecture for the 2006 to 2007 period was by Dr Ray Hilborn (2007; Managing fisheries is managing people: what has been learned? Fish and Fisheries 8(4): 285-296). We are gratified by the increased recognition of our activities, detailed in the next pages. The Fisheries Centre Friday seminars:  Stimulating minds, stomachs and community The Fisheries Centre seminars, held every Friday from 11am-12pm, are a weekly opportunity for the members of the Fisheries Centre to share in the latest aspects of fisheries research and to fuel the esprit de corps of the Centre (the donuts beforehand only fuel the corps). The lecture series, organized by a current graduate student, is also offered as a course (FISH 500) for incoming Fisheries Centre students intended to foster critical thinking about the presentations.  Each student is also expected to take the stage and reveal their own plans for fisheries research. The diversity of speakers is large; from quantitative modelers to NGO staff to the students themselves, the Fisheries Centre has benefited from the insights of a number of brilliant speakers. For instance, the first seminar of the 2006- 2007 academic year began with science historian (and former tree- dweller) George Dyson’s account of sea otter hunts from baidarka canoes in the Aleutian Islands. The second term, the FC members were fascinated by Manfred Milinski of the Max Planck Institute in Plön, Germany, who discussed reputation in the public goods game and demonstrated the power of peer acceptance. In the fall of 2007, Colin Clark of UBC tackled ITQs, and David Suzuki shared why he left science for the “vulgar media world”. Fisheries Centre seminar coordinators Jennifer Jacquet (2006-2007) & Sarika Cullis-Suzuki (2007- ) page 4 The Aboriginal Fisheries Research Unit has, since 2006, a new logo, entitled “What theFuture Beholds.”  The logo design and caption are by BC Aboriginal artist DeanHeron, a member of the Wolf Clan, Kaska-Tlingit First Nations, who writes “I am inspired by the old stories and often paint what comes to mind when I hear them...The stories have significant narratives that we can all learn from – whether you are Aboriginal or non-Aboriginal.” Today, in the face of global climate change and environmental degradation, we believe it is especially critical to recognize and embrace the valuable contributions of aboriginal people to fisheries and natural resources management in BC, the Pacific Northwest, and internationally. Our 2006 – 2007 highlights thus revolve around cementing local and global partnerships with aboriginal communities and academic scholars. Locally, community partnerships with the Homalco First Nation, Haida First Nation, and Lummi Indian Nation explore issues of educational and research capacity-building, integrated marine planning, fisheries co-management, and governance. Institutionally, we are partnering with the UBC First Nations House of Learning, Faculty of Science, and Faculty of Education to create supportive integrated educational and research opportunities – intellectually, emotionally, socially, and culturally – to attract and retain aboriginal students. Aboriginal Liaison Nigel Haggan continues his tireless efforts to recruit aboriginal students, engage with local communities, and exchange ideas, including from his doctoral research with Rashid Sumaila, at conferences, such as of the American Fisheries Society and Ecological Society of America (ESA), as well as the CEDAR Summer Science Camp. Adjunct Professor Dr Mimi E. Lam was elected Secretary of the ESA Traditional Ecological Knowledge Section and appointed to the International Advisory Council of the Indigenous Education Institute in recognition of her cross-cultural research, educational expertise, and community partnerships.  Profiled in Fostering Connections (Winds of Change Autumn 2007), Dr Lam is strengthening partnerships to create opportunities within the Aboriginal Fisheries Unit for aboriginal Fisheries Centre students, which have included Megan Moody, Nuxalk First Nation (M.Sc. student with Tony Pitcher), and Stephen Watkinson, Tsimshian First Nation (M.Sc. degree 2001 with Daniel Pauly). Our collaborative work is being supported by funding from the Fisheries Centre, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Vancouver Foundation, National Science Foundation, and Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Finally, a new professor of Aboriginal Fisheries has been hired, Dr David Close, who, from 2008, will lead aboriginal fisheries initiatives. Also, through his cross-appointment with Zoology, he will strengthen the Fisheries Centre’s link with that Department. Aboriginal Fisheries What the Future Beholds This image depicts two returning salmon encircling a salmon egg.  It is a statement that our fisheries ecosystem is fragile and that conservation is necessary in order for the future returns to be seen.  We need to see our salmon come back year after year and through education and knowledge this can happen. Mimi E. Lam Adjunct Professor Nigel Haggan Aboriginal Liaison page 5 The Fisheries Centre houses 12 members of the BC Government, Ministryof Environment Fisheries Science Section. The section conducts researchon freshwater fisheries management, fish habitat restoration, fish forestry interactions, and fish culture techniques.  In addition, an active focus on conservation biology supports British Columbia’s goal of maintaining and enhancing the province’s fish and wildlife species and their habitats. British Columbia has over 200,000 small (<1 ha) lakes, hundreds of larger lakes and wetlands, and thousands of kilometres of rivers and streams. This resource is the basis of a sport fishery for more than 400,000 anglers. In addition, abundant freshwater habitats provide spawning and rearing opportunities for British Columbia’s salmon, steelhead and several other fish species native to BC. The province’s complex geography and glaciation history produced a province rich in natural resources and biodiversity. Managing these resources in a sustainable manner requires the development of ecosystem-based management tools along with data and Geographic Information Systems that support government and industry decision-making systems. Freshwater habitat restoration is an area of research where British Columbia has been a world leader. Defining the relationships between habitat structure, nutrient dynamics and growth and survival of juvenile fish populations has allowed for the development of realistic restoration options for several ‘at risk’ lake and stream- dwelling fish populations. The partnership between the Province of BC and the Fisheries Centre and other units of the University of British Columbia has resulted in support for hundreds of graduate students as well as fostering a collaborative research environment between government scientists and university faculty for more than 50 years. This association will be of increasing importance as the stresses on our natural environment continue to increase, and the need for science-based decision-making assumes a greater role in government. Ministry of Environment  www.gov.bc.ca/env Theresa GodinShannon Harris Bruce Ward Tom Johnston Steve McAdam Jordan Rosenfeld Art Tautz Debbie Aird Eric Parkinson Dan Hogan Adrian Clarke Sidney Tsang page 6 The Quantitative Modeling Group develops innovative assessmentmethodologies and field programs intended to improve single species andecosystem management.  The group recently welcomed Dr Murdoch McAllister who will continue to focus on developing and applying Bayesian statistical methods for fisheries risk assessment, estimation, decision analysis and management strategy evaluation.  Dr Villy Christensen (see the Sea Around Us Project pages) participates in this group working on ecosystem modeling and the further development of Ecopath with Ecosim and Dr Sylvie Guénette works on ecosystem modeling at various scales, from the Gulf of Alaska to the global ocean.  Partnerships with colleagues within and outside UBC have generated a continuum of projects ranging from factors affecting species composition in small B.C. lakes to ecosystem management in the Gulf of Mexico. New and continuing projects in 2006-2007: • In collaboration with the Fisheries Science Section of the British Columbia Ministry of Environment (see page 5), members of the group are pursuing a number of field-based projects which include investigating recruitment failure and restoration options for white sturgeon, angler effort dynamics in small lake systems as well as meta-population structure and factors affecting species composition within these mixed species small lake systems; • A further new project with the Ecosystems Branch of the British Columbia Ministry of Environment aims to develop new mark-recapture models to estimate the abundance of Nechako River white sturgeon over the last decade, taking into account also recapture effort data and micro-constituent based covariates for immigration and emigration; • Members of the group continue to participate in the POST project (www.postcoml.org) exploring the critical issue of downstream migration and early ocean survival of salmonid smolts; • Projects in collaboration with the US National Marine Fisheries Service in Honolulu (Hawaii) explore assessment and management options for the data-limited Hawaiian bottom fish fishery as well as the influence of meta-population structure on the assessment and management of the Hawaiian lobster fishery; • Funding from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada , Elk Valley Coal, the Columbia Basin Trust and BP Canada Energy has facilitated assessment of char and trout populations within the Elk River and tributaries; Quantitative Modeling Group Steve Martell Assistant Professor Meaghan Darcy with a Hapu'upu caught in the Northwest Hawaiian Islands for age, growth, and maturity samples Murdoch McAllister Associate Professor Carl Walters Head page 7 • Members collaborate with the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) on the joint statistical committee for Pacific hake assessment and have developed simulations to explore the potential effects on wild populations of introduced genetically modified salmonids; • A commissioned report to DFO reviewed modeling activities of the Fisheries Centre, and in particular the work on the northern and central coast of B.C.; • A joint project between NOAA, the Virginia Institute of Marine Science and UBC is aimed at developing a stock assessment framework for sub-stocks of Atlantic menhaden in Chesapeake Bay; • Ongoing studies of the Grand Canyon are aimed at understanding endangered species responses to ecosystem dynamics within regulated systems as well as factors influencing recruitment dynamics, growth, survival, and ontogenetic habitat movement of salmonids; • A collaborative study with the University of Washington, with Moore Foundation support, examines salmon dynamics in relation to ecosystem change; • An ecosystem management project for the Gulf of Mexico utilizes Ecopath with Ecosim to explore tradeoffs between commercial and recreational fisheries and impacts of shrimp and menhaden fisheries on other fisheries; • Individuals participate in a program funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts and the Lenfest Foundation, investigating the issue of dedicated access in global fisheries; • National Marine Fisheries Service and the Pelagic Fisheries Research Program sponsor a global-scale analysis of the status of large pelagic predators and management options for reducing fishing mortality; • Recent collaboration with Dr Barbara Block at Stanford University’s Hopkins Marine Station has resulted in the development of stock assessment methods for Atlantic bluefin tuna incorporating start and endpoint tag recovery data from conventional and Pop-up Satellite Archival Tag (PSAT) tagging programs.  A new project funded by the Lenfest Ocean Program extends this collaboration to develop stock, area, and seasonally- structured stock assessment models that are fitted to PSAT tag track and conventional tagging data records and genetic stock identification of individual tagged fish.  Similar stock assessment models that are fitted to similar data for Pacific bluefin tuna are also to be developed; • In collaboration with University of Washington, University of Florida, and US Geological Survey scientists, improved methods for fitting bioenergetics models to growth data from size-age and tagging studies are being developed; these methods promise to provide better estimation of seasonal changes in metabolic and feeding rates of fish; • Funding from the UK Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust is directed towards developing Bayesian assessment models to evaluate alternative management strategies for the control of red fox populations in the UK; • An Environmental Defense funded project aims to develop simulation models to evaluate the potential consequences of alternative harvest management policy options for Gulf of Mexico shrimp fisheries.  The models developed will account for several different shrimp species harvested and the seasonal and spatial aspects of shrimp population dynamics and fishery operations.  Feed back control policies that are based on annual and possibly in-season stock assessments of the main shrimp populations are also to be evaluated. Robert Ahrens Lecturer Nathan Taylor Post-doctoral Fellow Sylvie Guénette Honorary Research Associate page 8 The Fisheries Economics Research Unit (FERU)uses economic tools to address issues related tothe management of aquatic resources for the benefit of current and future generations, while maintaining ecosystem integrity. The past two years have been fantastic, with great achievements on many fronts, notably building on our good publication record. Five students graduated from our unit during this period.  Three are currently pursuing their PhDs and one is employed in an international organization. The fifth student completed her PhD before this report was put together.  Currently, seven students (six PhDs) are full members of FERU, with several others partially associated with the unit. We have attracted funding from various sources, including national, intergovernmental, and non- governmental organizations. Several members of the unit won awards during the period. FERU has continued its high-level effort to inform policy makers and the public of the results of its work. We have given lectures worldwide and gave briefings to global leaders on global fisheries. A few examples of high-impact presentations and briefings are listed below: 1.  Briefing for G77 Countries of the United Nations entitled “Current state of global fisheries: Implications for developing countries”, the United Nations, New York, October 3, 2007. 2.  Presentation entitled “Fisheries subsidies: Scope, magnitude and sustainability, at the World Trade Organization, Geneva, May, 2007. 3.  Presentation entitled “Globalization, subsidies, illegal fishing and developing countries”, Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars, February 22, 2007, Washington, D.C. 4.  Presentation entitled “Subsidies to deep-high seas bottom trawl fleet: Magnitude and implications”, AAAS Annual Meeting, San Francisco, February 18, 2007. 5.  Presentation entitled “Ensuring marine ecosystem services for now and the future”, the First Kathryn Fuller Science for Nature Fund Symposium, Washington, DC, October 31 – November 1, 2006. 6.  Presentation entitled “A Bottom-up re-estimation of global fisheries subsidies”, the World Bank, Washington, D.C., October, 30, 2006. 7.  Congressional (Hill) Briefing on “the economics of rebuilding U.S. overfished stocks”, June 15, 2006, Washington D.C.;           Fisheries Economics           Research Unit Rashid Sumaila Director Gordon Munro Professor Emeritus Louise Teh recording fish catches in Pulau Banggi, Malaysia Rashid Sumaila, WTO Director General Pascal Lamy and Oceana CEO Andrew Sharpless page 9    www.feru.org Our work has generated significant international interest, and has been cited by several print and audio media outlets. Our work has received mention in The International Herald Tribune, Maine Sunday Telegram, The Financial Times, The Globe and Mail, Voice of America, CBC News and The Vancouver Sun. The figure below displays photos of the seven current full time students at FERU, and pinpoints the location of their projects. Ben: Valuation of direct uses of Fiji’s coral reef ecosystems Louise: Socio-economic factors that effect small-scale fishing activities Nigel: Incorporating cultural and spiritual values into decision-making Dale: Bioeconomic modeling of Fraser River sockeye salmon Gaku: Bioeconomic and game theoretic model of Pacific sardine Megan: Game-theoretic analysis of resource allocation with multiple objectives Roseti:  Spatial modeling of W. Central Pacific tuna Rashid Sumaila, Ahmed Khan (one of the recently graduated FERU students) and Dale Marsden enjoying time off at the FAME conference in DenmarkFERU members Gaku Ishimura (bottom right) and Megan Bailey (top) with other students participating in a Game Theory and Fisheries course run by Marko Lindroos at the University of Helsinki page 10 Dominic Tollit Research Associate David Gummeson Research Assistant Mandy Wong Research Assistant Andrew Trites Director Rebecca Barrick Research Assistant Rod MacVicar Research Assistant Chad Nordstrom Research Assistant David Rosen Research Associate Pamela Rosenbaum Manager The Marine Mammal Research Unit (MMRU) is an integralcomponent of the Fisheries Centre and works with otherdepartments and institutions, combining specialties in a coordinated effort to provide independent research and advice on matters related to marine mammals. Members investigate interactions between humans and marine mammals, marine mammals as indicators of ecosystem change, and the natural history, biology and conservation of marine mammals. MMRU research focuses on five areas: population dynamics, energetics and physiology, dietary analyses, behaviour and ecology, and simulation modeling. The multi-disciplinary research program contains four components: field studies, captive animal studies, and data analysis and laboratory studies. Captive animal studies. Nine Steller sea lions housed at the Vancouver Aquarium were used in studies to investigate a number of hypotheses explaining their decline in the wild. Controlled feeding experiments examined the effect of imposed nutritional stress (through changes in food intake or food quality) on aspects of health and hormone balance in individual sea lions. Experiments also tested and refined a number of techniques to detect prey composition via changes in tissue biochemistry. Studies also investigated the auditory capabilities of Steller sea lions to evaluate the potential impact of anthropogenic noise, such as industrial drilling or sonar.  Three additional sea lions swam and dove freely while accompanying scientists in the field at the Open Water Research Station in Port Moody, B.C. The Open Water studies investigated diving physiology, energetics, and swimming biomechanics, with the ultimate aim of determining foraging decisions and food requirements of the wild population. The animals were also used to test and validate a number of technologies that can be used to study the foraging behaviour of sea lions in the wild. Collectively, the captive animal studies are resolving questions concerning the nutritional and energetic consequences for marine mammals facing changes in their environment, including changes in prey availability. The animals are a valuable scientific resource, and are being studied in collaboration with renowned international scientists. Marine Mammal Research Unit Morgan Davies Research Assistant Volker Deecke Research Associate Brian Battaile Post-doctoral Fellow page 11 Ruth Joy Biostatistician Renee LaRoi Web Designer www.marinemammal.org Field studies. Field work was undertaken in Alaska, British Columbia and the Antarctic in 2006 and 2007. Research in Alaska focused on killer whale predation, fur seal foraging behaviour, fur seal growth, sea lion diets, and sea lion behaviour (haulout patterns and timing of weaning).  Field studies in the Antarctic focused on identifying humpback whale habitat, while those in British Columbia focused on sea lion diets, harbour porpoise feeding behaviour, and humpback whale abundance and foraging ecology. Data analysis. Mathematical models are increasingly being used to understand the dynamics of Steller sea lions and their interaction with fisheries. Among the models constructed were ecosystem models of the western Aleutian Islands and Southeast Alaska that showed natural change in ocean climate was a major driving force in the decline of sea lions. Models were also used to identify Steller sea lion critical habitat, as well as the distribution of key fish species consumed by sea lions — with the ultimate goal of estimating the extent of competition between fisheries and sea lions. Other models estimated seasonal patterns of sea lion growth and consumption, the economic cost to fisheries of marine mammal critical habitat designations, and compared trends in pinniped populations in the eastern North Pacific to determine the relative importance of bottom-up versus top-down factors. Laboratory analysis. Other studies undertaken in 2006-07 included developing a DNA technique to identify prey from sea lion scats, and assessing whether a relationship exists between diet, stress and population trends and distribution of Steller sea lions. We also continued a collaborative study with the Faculty of Engineering to develop an implantable tag to track sea lions. Publications and Outreach.   MMRU researchers published 40 peer-reviewed papers during the past two years.  Administratively, MMRU continued to oversee the North Pacific Universities Marine Mammal Research Consortium, which unites marine mammal research at the Universities of Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, and Oregon State. MMRU also hosts an annual Symposium on B.C. Marine Mammals, which provides a forum for local researchers, members of the fishing industry, ecotourism operators, and the public to meet and discuss current issues and research related to marine mammals in British Columbia. MMRU graduate students participated in the annual symposium of The Society for Marine Mammalogy’s Student Chapter, Northwest Region, which includes students from universities in Washington, Oregon, British Columbia, and Alaska. Rowenna Flinn Researcher Wendi Contois Research Assistant Rob Williams Post-doctoral Fellow Edward Gregr Researcher Ryan Coatta Research Assistant page 12 Amanda Vincent Director Project Seahorse Project Seahorse has a vision of a world in which marine ecosystems are healthyand well managed.  In pursuit of this ambition, we weave together manydisciplines, nationalities and approaches into programmes that foster sustainable use of the world’s coastal marine ecosystems.  Our work reaches from fundamental biology and social science through fisheries management to international policy change and outreach. Seahorses serve as iconic animals for all our work, requiring us to assess and address a myriad of conservation threats of broad general importance.  We are active in many countries, but particularly in the Philippines, through our in-country team at the Project Seahorse Foundation for Marine Conservation. Ever since being founded in 1996, Project Seahorse has been considered the foremost authority in the world on the family of fish that includes 300 species of seahorse, pipefish, seadragon, and pipehorse (Syngnathidae).  Members of our team were the first to study seahorses underwater, the first to discover their huge trade, the first to identify the threatened status of seahorses, and the first to launch seahorse conservation measures.   Ten years on, knowledge of seahorse biology and identification has greatly advanced, hundreds of professionals are engaged in studying and caring for these fish (supported by our technical networks), tens of millions of people have heard of the fragile state of seahorse populations through our exhibits in public aquariums … and remedial measures to conserve seahorses are emerging around the world. True to Project Seahorse intent, our gains for the charismatic seahorses represent gains for many other marine species and systems.  We have generated and supported 30 community-managed marine reserves, protecting all species therein.  We have fostered an alliance of nearly 1000 of the world’s poorest fishing families and helped them find a voice for coastal resource management.  We have prompted traditional Chinese medicine practitioners in Hong Kong to adjust purchases of marine life to sustainable levels.  We have provoked regulations to monitor incidental capture in shrimp trawls. Our technical advice has led 172 CITES signatory nations to begin regulating the international trade in the first marine fishes of commercial importance, and catalysed development of innovative international management measures that serve multiple species simultaneously. Project Seahorse is now active in managing small-scale fisheries, reducing bycatch, sustaining marine reserves, empowering women, minimizing risks from aquaculture, advising on sustainable trade, analysing options for syngnathid conservation, and sharing vital information with a wide array of stakeholders.  In the Canadian context, we are working with Gitga’at and Huu-ay-aht First Nations (indigenous people) to explore the complementarity of societal and scientific approaches in the design of marine reserves. Sara Lourie Research Associate Janelle Curtis Research Associate Jean Marcus Research Associate Jorma Neuvonen Operations Director Heather Koldewey Associate Director page 13 Heidi Shuter Administrative Assistant Joy TL Lam Marine Medicinal Conservation Officer Keith Martin-Smith Research Fellow Lana Gunnlaugson Administrative Assistant Maï Yasué  Post Doctoral Scientist Chloe Shen Administrative Manager Eve Robinson Research Assistant www.projectseahorse.org Our published research over the past two years has reported on the following analyses inter alia: • The nature and potential impacts of non-food fisheries for aquarium use, traditional medicine, leather, product testing, curios, and pharmaceuticals; • The benthic status of coral reef fishing grounds and the effectiveness of marine reserves, the latter using our remarkable data set covering multiple reserves and distant control sites for ten years; • An evolving understanding of seahorse ontogeny, ecology, fisheries and trades, with particular respect to small-scale target fisheries in the Philippines and trawl fisheries in Vietnam; • The challenges of assuming that aquaculture will address declines in wild fish populations; • The extent of human impacts on British Columbia’s marine environment. We are very grateful to all our partner organisations and donors, and particularly to the Zoological Society of London (UK), John G. Shedd Aquarium (USA), and Guylian Chocolates (Belgium) for their extraordinary support. Regina Bestbier Research Assistant Sarah Bartnik Research Biologist Candace Picco Research Assistant Shannon Charney Operations Assistant Standing from L to R:  Grace Gomez, Hazel Panes, Lourdes Labrada, Mia Apurado, Armi Torrechilla, and Angie Nellas. Front Row from L to R:  Alen Mondido, Erwin Brunio, Amado Blanco, Pert Auxilio, Alfie Bartolo, and Brian Cabrera. page 14 Sea Around Us Project The Sea Around Us Project, funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia,started in mid 1999. Its goal remains to investigate the impacts of fisheries onmarine ecosystems and to propose policies to mitigate these impacts. Although conceived as a global activity, the project first emphasized the data-rich North Atlantic as a testing bed for developing its approaches, which rely on mapping of catch data and indicators of ecosystem health derived from the analysis of extended catch time series data. Initial achievements included mapping the decline, throughout the North Atlantic basin, of high-trophic level fishes from 1900 to the present and the presentation of compelling evidence of change in the functioning of the North Atlantic ecosystems. The Central and South Atlantic were the next basins to be tackled, with emphasis on the distant-water fleet off West Africa. The project then emphasized the North Pacific, Antarctica, and marine mammals and the multiplicity of tropical Indo-Pacific fisheries before our scope became global, with all our major analyses and reports (e.g., on the interactions between marine mammals and fisheries, on fuel consumption by fleets, on subsidies to fisheries) based on global studies. Broadly, our work aims at a reappraisal of fisheries, from the benign activity that many still perceive them to be, to a realization that they have become the driver for massive loss of biodiversity. Moreover, the emphasis on global estimates (rather than local estimates of dubious generality) has allowed the project to contribute to various global initiatives (e.g., developing the Marine Trophic Index for the Convention on Biological Diversity; quantifying marine ecosystem services for the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; supplying various datasets to UNEP’s Fourth Global Environment Outlook; and co-authoring major syntheses by other research groups). In the 2006 and 2007 period, the Sea Around Us Project completed major activities, among others: · The ‘forage fish’ project, which demonstrated that the role of anchovies, sardines, etc., presently mostly reduced to fishmeal for intensive food production, must be reconsidered, in view of their role as prey of marine mammals and seabirds, and as much- appreciated food for people in many countries; · The launching of SeaLifeBase (www.sealifebase.org), a database on the biology and ecology of non-fish marine organisms, funded by the Oak Foundation, and which will complement FishBase (www.fishbase.org) in making information relevant to marine ecosystem modeling available to a wide range of users; · The evaluation of all catches, from 1950 to the present, by the inshore fisheries of Hawaii and the US Flag territories in the Pacific (Guam, American Samoa, etc), which are much higher than officially reported; · The related estimation of total catches from the Arctic, and a number of countries throughout the world, which suggests that the FAO statistics systematically underestimate fisheries catches, particularly for small-scale fisheries, thus biasing policy decisions relying on such data (e.g., fishing access agreements); Reg Watson Senior Research Fellow Daniel Pauly Principal Investigator Villy Christensen Associate Professor Jackie Alder Senior Research Fellow Dirk Zeller Senior Research Fellow page 15 www.seaaroundus.org · An assessment of the status of fisheries and ecosystem ‘health’ in each of the 64 Large Marine Ecosystems presently recognized in the world (see figure below); · The estimation of global subsidies to fisheries (together with FERU, see p. 8-9), which are higher than previously assessed, e.g., by the World Bank, and which mainly have a very negative impact on fisheries resources; · The release of a new, reprogrammed version of Ecopath with Ecosim, in the context of an activity funded by the Lenfest Ocean Program, and which gives a new lease on life to this widespread ecosystem modeling tool, celebrated in 2007 as one of the “Top 10 Achievements” by the US National Marine Fisheries Service. William Cheung Post-doctoral Fellow Arash Tavakolie Senior .NET Developer Maria Lourdes Palomares Research Fellow Shawn Booth Research Assistant Sherman Lai Programmer Brooke Campbell Research Assistant Suzanne Mondoux Research Assistant Jordan Beblow Research Assistant Joe Hui Programmer Christopher Close GIS & Database Manager Vicky Lam Research Assistant Grace Ong Administration Status of the fisheries ‘stocks’ in the 64 Large Marine Ecosystems of the world, showing the steadily increasing number of overfished or collapsed stocks. Also, we have initiated the revamping of the Project website (www.seaaroundus.org), our main tool for providing maps and other quality information on marine fisheries and ecosystems to a wide range of users. These results and their dissemination through public lectures and policy briefings, and by staff of non-governmental organizations (our main ‘clients’) generated, in 2006-2007, a growing media attention for the Sea Around Us Project. Other activities initiated in 2007, which will come to fruition in 2008, include the development of indicators for ranking maritime countries in terms of how well they manage the fisheries and biodiversity in their Exclusive Economic Zones, modeling studies of how dioxin and other pollutants get distributed over the oceans, then move up in marine food webs, and how global warming will affect the distribution of marine resource species. page 16 The Fisheries Ecosystems Restoration Research (FERR) group researches integrative tools for ecosystem-based management (EBM) and practical policies for the restoration of aquatic ecosystems. Using fieldwork, community involvement and innovative modelling, the FERR team aims to help estimate, mitigate and reverse human impacts, establishing policy goals that reconcile the preservation of biodiversity and services with sustainable and responsible fisheries, pioneering new techniques in restoration ecology for key marine and freshwater ecosystems around the globe. These include ‘Back to the Future’, a new approach to policy that maximises sustainable future benefits in the face of risks from climate fluctuations and change; ‘Rapfish’, a rapid appraisal method for evaluating the sustainability of fisheries, illegal, unreported and unregulated catches, and compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries; and an Ecosystem Evaluation Framework (EEF) which systematises knowledge of the form and function of some specific aquatic ecosystems, such as coral reefs, ice fronts and seamounts. A methodological emphasis is upon Monte Carlo estimations and fuzzy logic to deal with uncertainty. During this period, Nedzad Adjanovic (Bosnia & FAO), Jim Cannon (Sustainable Fisheries Partnership), Patricia Rojo- Diaz (Mexico) and Georg Skaret (Norway) were research collaborators with FERR. In 2007, Fish and Fisheries, a Blackwell journal edited by Tony Pitcher, had by a large margin the top impact factor of all journals in its field for the second year running. Dr Pitcher has been awarded a one-year position as Distinguished Scholar in Residence at the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies. Dr Daniela Kalikoski (Brazil & FAO) has been working with FERR on Code of Conduct compliance and IUU projects, and has a research focus on fisheries co-management, community-based management, and traditional ecological knowledge. Dr Cameron Ainsworth (Canada) has been a Post Doctoral Fellow working on modelling in support of EBM of coral reefs in Raja Ampat, West Papua, Indonesia, part of the ‘coral triangle’. The work, which is funded by Packard and is jointly with The Nature Conservancy and Conservation International, has included two periods of fieldwork and workshops in Indonesia. He has now joined an ecosystem modelling team using the CSIRO modelling system ‘Atlantis’ at NOAA, Seattle. Dr William Wai Lung Cheung (Hong Kong) defended his thesis evaluating the vulnerability of marine fishes to fishing using a fuzzy logic expert system. A South China Sea case study used ecosystem simulation models to explore trade-offs between socio-economic and conservation objectives. After a temporary teaching position at the University of Hong Kong, Dr Cheung has joined the Sea Around Us Project team as a postdoc. A recent paper was a featured article in Marine Ecology Progress Series. Dr Hector Lozano (Mexico) completed his thesis on historic modelling of the Colorado River Delta and the Upper Gulf of California using fishery data, archives, and Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK). He has left to work on ecosystem modelling with CSIRO, Australia. Hector was awarded the 2003 Cecil and Kathleen Morrow Travel Scholarship.  Fisheries Ecosystems    Restoration Research page 17 Dr Telmo Morato (Portugal) completed his thesis on seamount fisheries and ecology supported by an EU Scholarship, and has returned to the Azores Islands, Portugal as a European Union postdoc. With Dr Pitcher, he has recently co-edited an important new Blackwells book on seamounts. Eny Buchary (Ph.D. Candidate: Indonesia) has been analysing the results of her IDRC-sponsored fieldwork in the Bali Strait, Indonesia. Eny’s research uses local knowledge obtained through interviews to evaluate policy options and local stakeholder perceptions for marine management. Robyn Forrest (Ph.D. Candidate: Australia) has been supported by NSW government to develop  marine ecosystem models of New South Wales to assist EBM, evaluate trade-offs in protecting vulnerable species such as sharks, and examine marine protected areas. Robyn was awarded the 2005 Cecil and Kathleen Morrow Travel Scholarship to assist her comparison of Ecopath with Ecosim with the CSIRO modelling system ‘Atlantis’. Pramod Ganapathiraju (Ph.D. Candidate: India) has helped to complete the evaluation of 53 countries for compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, and is also working on the estimation of illegal and unreported fishing. Pramod was awarded the 2006 Cecil and Kathleen Morrow Travel Scholarship and has been funded by Sea Around Us Project, WWF and the UK Government. Carie Hoover (Ph.D. Candidate: USA) is currently working on an ecosystem model and EEF of the Antarctic Peninsula with special reference to krill and top predators, while considering the potential effects of climate change on polar habitats and ecosystems. She has recently commenced work on Hudson Bay funded by the International Polar Year, and so her thesis will include comparisons between the two polar ecosystems. Rajeev Kumar (Ph.D. Candidate: India) is working on ecosystem modeling of Mille Lacs Lake for ecosystem-based management funded by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR). The model is supported by extensive DNR fieldwork using electro- fishing, gill netting, trawling and invertebrate and plankton sampling. Megan Moody (M.Sc. student: Nuxalk Nation, Canada) is evaluating the status and past abundance of eulachon throughout its Pacific Northwest range using a novel fuzzy logic approach. As a member of the Nuxalk Nation, she has called on the traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of her community to enrich our knowledge of past abundances. Lydia Teh (Ph.D. Candidate: Canada) is working on fisher behaviour and MPA establishment in Sabah, Malaysia. During recent field work, a group of artisanal fishers have been equipped with GPS and logbooks to record daily catches and locations. Dawit Tesfamichael (Ph.D. Candidate: Eritrea) is examining the past, present and future of Red Sea fisheries using evaluation and modelling techniques of Rapfish, ecosystem modelling, and the estimation of illegal, unreported and unregulated catch. In 2007 he has undertaken extensive field work in the region. Divya Varkey (Ph.D. Candidate: India) is building ecosystem models of coral reef fisheries as part of a a Packard-sponsored EBM project in Raja Ampat, West Papua, Indonesia. In addition she has commenced new work on historical reconstruction. Divya was awarded a UBC UGF scholarship in 2007. page 18 Graduate Studies Graduate students at the Fisheries Centre are an incredibly diverse group, all working towards thesame goal  of ‘reconciling fisheries with conservation’.  The 49 PhD and 29 MSc students at theFC in 2006-2007 came from at least 25 countries, including Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Niger, Philippines, Portugal, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, the United Kingdom, and the USA.  As the Fisheries Centre itself doesn’t admit students, they were admitted to UBC Graduate Studies through other departments, primarily Resource Management and Environmental Studies (RMES) and Zoology, but also Geography and Earth and Ocean Sciences.  Over the past two years, RMES and Zoology have provided a second home to 52 and 43% of FC students, respectively.  Students’ research covers a wide range of topics, falling under a variety of disciplines (sometimes more than one). Thesis topics include understanding species life history and population dynamics of key resource species; fisheries, ecosystem and bioeconomic modeling; quantifying the impacts of overfishing, non-selective fisheries and climate change; evaluating possible mitigation tools and policy options; historical reconstructions and future projections of populations and catches; and economic valuations.  In addition to their research efforts, students play an important role in the day to day life of the Fisheries Centre. They organize the weekly seminar series and coffee breaks, help out with events such as the biennial Larkin Lecture and holiday celebrations, coordinate building-wide composting, edit FishBytes and the newsletters of various groups, and coordinate fora for discussion.  Thanks to the FC Director’s encouragement, a few students now act as student representatives to their peers, thereby ensuring that students’ interests are considered in all decision making.  Fisheries Centre students are known to tackle rather ambitious projects that often involve travel to far parts of the globe.  In the field, students gain hands-on experience with the fauna, fishery, system or otherwise that is the focus of their research, and an increased understanding of the implications of their work for all stakeholders involved.  Engaging in such projects has allowed students to make strong connections with their global peers, working alongside NGOs, local communities and scientists. Despite the diversity of students’ research and field sites, the overarching perspective echoes the Fisheries Centre’s goal to reconcile fisheries and conservation. To achieve its goal, the Fisheries Centre promotes the multidisciplinary study of fisheries, and aims to provide its graduate students with a strong background in quantitative aspects of fishery science and in all aspects of aquatic conservation biology.  Analytical tools developed in a broad spectrum of parent subjects, including biology, oceanography, economics, engineering, mathematics, sociology, planning and policy are employed in order to assess, appraise and forecast the impacts of both human and natural processes on fishery resources. Fisheries policy and management problems under study include assessment and management of artisanal and commercial food capture fisheries, recreational fisheries, coastal and watershed management, aquaculture biology and engineering, conflict resolution and the co-management of shared fishery resources, and the conservation of endangered exploited species in both marine and freshwater environments.  Faculty members teach a number of graduate credit courses, on such topics as quantitative analysis and modeling, economics, and aquatic policy. These FISH courses are detailed on the graduate program web page www.fisheries.ubc.ca/grad. www.fisheries.ubc.ca/grad page 19 Graduate Students Robert Ahrens (Canada) PhD Zoology (start 2004) Project: Global analysis of apparent trends in abundance and recruitment of tunas and billfish vulnerable to pelagic longline gear. Supervisors:  Dr Carl Walters & Dr Villy Christensen Cameron Ainsworth (Canada) PhD RMES (start 2002*) Project: Strategic ecosystem restoration in northern British Columbia Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Pamela Allen (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2006) Project: Quantifying seasonal changes in growth and consumption of Steller sea lions from captive records Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites Jonathan Anticamara (Philippines) PhD RMES (start 2002) Project: Ecology and implications of recovering degraded reef communities within no-take marine reserves Supervisor: Dr Amanda Vincent Megan Bailey (Canada) MSc RMES (start 2005*) Project: A total economic valuation of the Raja Ampat Archipelago in Papua Indonesia Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila Natalie Ban (Canada) PhD RMES (start 2003) Project: Selecting ecologically and socially viable marine protected areas in British Columbia Supervisor: Dr Amanda Vincent Brajgeet Bhathal (India) PhD Zoology (start 2005) Project: Analysis of fishing impacts on India’s marine ecosystems and exploration of possible policy scenario Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Louise Blight (Canada) PhD Zoology (start 2007) Project: Using stable isotope analysis to compare ancient and modern change events in marine foodwebs Supervisor: Dr Amanda Vincent Ella Bowles (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2007) Project: Quantifying Steller sea lion diet using real-time PCR Supervisors: Dr Andrew Trites & Dr Trish Schulte Lucas Brotz (Canada) MSc Oceanography (start 2007) Project: Trends in global jellyfish populations Supervisors:  Dr Daniel Pauly & Dr Evgeny Pakhomov Eny Buchary (Indonesia) PhD RMES (start 2001) Project: In search of viable policy options for responsible use of marine resources in the Bali Strait, Indonesia Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Iain Caldwell (Canada) PhD Zoology (start 2006) Project: Movement of a sedentary fish in response to environmental change Supervisor:  Dr Amanda Vincent Brooke Campbell (Canada) MSc RMES (start 2007) Project: Global marine shrimp catch and aquaculture production in estuaries Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly William Cheung (Hong Kong, China) PhD RMES (start 2002*) Project: Vulnerabilities of marine fishes in the north South China Sea and implications to fisheries management Supervisor: Tony Pitcher Line Bang Christensen (Denmark) MSc RMES (start 2004*) Project: Reconstructing historical abundances of exploited marine mammals at the global scale Supervisor: Dr Steve Martell Sarika Cullis-Suzuki (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2006) Project: Effectiveness of regional fisheries management organizations Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly * Project completed by December 2007 page 20 Luciano Dalla Rosa (Brazil) PhD Zoology (start 2003) Project: Habitat modeling of humpback whales in British Columbia and the Antarctic Supervisors:  Dr John Ford & Dr Andrew Trites Meaghan Darcy (USA) PhD Zoology (start 2005) Project: Management strategy evaluation for a multi-species, multi-sector fishery in the Hawaiian Islands Supervisor: Dr Steve Martell Robyn Forrest (Australia) PhD RMES (start 2002) Project: Simulation models for strategic E- B decision-making in the data-limited fisheries of New South Wales, Australia Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Sarah Foster (Canada/New Zealand) PhD RMES (start 2004) Project: Assessing the impacts of shrimp trawling on small fish species Supervisor: Dr Amanda Vincent Pramod Ganapathiraju (India) PhD RMES (start 2005) Project: A global study on incentives and disincentives to IUU fishing and compliance with the FAO Code of Conduct Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Ahmed Gelchu (Ethiopia) PhD RMES (start 2001*) Project: Evolution and distribution of global fishing effort Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Eli Guieb (Philippines) PhD McGill (start 2002) Project: Cultural issues behind marine protected areas Supervisors: Dr Amanda Vincent & Dr Colin Scott & Dr Monica Mulrennan Nigel Haggan (Northern Ireland) PhD RMES (start 2006) Project: Mapping cultural and spiritual values of coastal ecosystems Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila Anna Hall (Canada) PhD Zoology (start 2004) Project: Effects of tidal mixing on porpoise distribution: Implications for foraging Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites Mike Hawkshaw (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2005) Project: Cyclic recruitment variation in juvenile Northern pikeminnow Supervisor: Dr Carl Walters Carie Hoover (USA) Phd RMES (start 2006) Project: Polar ecosystem modeling with respect to climate change Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Tabitha Hui (Singapore) MSc Zoology (start 2007) Project: Competition between fisheries and the Steller sea lion Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites Roseti Imo (Samoa) PhD RMES (start 2006) Project: Spatial policy analysis for albacore management in the western central Pacific Supervisor: Dr. Rashid Sumaila Gakushi Ishimura (Japan) PhD RMES (start 2004) Project: Economic analysis of Pacific sardine fisheries Supervisor: Dr. Rashid Sumaila Jennifer Jacquet (USA) PhD RMES (start 2005) Project: Fish as food in an age of globalization Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Tiphaine Jeanniard du Dot (France) MSc Zoology (start 2004*) Project: Impacts of diet quality and season on the physiology of Steller sea lions during and after nutritional stress. Supervisors: Dr Andrew Trites & Dr David Rosen page 21 Vasiliki Karpouzi (Greece) PhD RMES (start 2006) Project: Global issues in seabird conservation [withdrew December 2007] Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Aaron Keech (USA) MSc Zoology (start 2005) Project: Analyses of corticosterone and triiodothyronine hormones to assess nutritional stress in Steller sea lions Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites Heather Keith (Canada) MSc RMES (start 2003*) Project: Bioeconomic analysis of the purse seine and longline tuna fisheries Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila Ahmed Khan (Sierra Leone) MSc RMES (start 2004*) Project: The nature and magnitude of global fishery subsidies Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila Josh Korman (Canada) PhD Zoology (start 2005) Project: Factors in influencing recruitment dynamics, growth, survival, and ontogenetic habitat movement of salmonids in large river systems Supervisors: Dr Steve Martell & Dr Carl Walters Rajeev Kumar (India) PhD RMES (start 2006) Project: Simulation modeling of Mille Lacs Lake ecosystems in support of EBM Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Pamela Lestenkof (USA) MSc Zoology (2004) Project: Fine scale diving behaviour of lactating northern fur seals Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites Yajie Liu (China) PhD RMES (start 2001*) Project: The net benefits from aquaculture Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila Rachael Louton (USA) PhD Zoology (start 2007) Project: Evaluation of alternative management regimes for shrimp fisheries in the Gulf of Mexico Supervisor: Dr Murdoch McAllister Hector Lozano (Mexico) PhD Zoology (start 2001*) Project:  Historical ecosystem reconstructions in the Gulf of California (Mexico) Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Michelle Marcotte (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2004*) Project: Weaning behaviour and haulout pattern of Steller sea lions in southeast Alaska Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites Dale Marsden (Canada) PhD RMES (start 2003) Project: Bioeconomic analysis of Fraser River sockeye salmon fisheries management Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila Steve McAdam (Canada) PhD Zoology (start 2005)Project: Examination of white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) recruitment failure and identification of restoration options Supervisor: Dr Carl Walters Michael Melnychuk (Canada) PhD  Zoology (start 2004) Project: Ecology of juvenile salmon river and early ocean migrations: Assessment of mortality patterns with active and passive acoustic telemetry Supervisor: Dr Carl Walters Elizabeth Mohammed (Trinidad & Tobago) PhD RMES (start 1999) Project: Reconstructing the southeastern Caribbean ecosystem: applications for assessment and management [withdrew December 2007] Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Megan Moody (Canada) MSc RMES (start 2004) Project: Historical analysis of current and past Pacific Coast eulachon status and the possible reasons for its decline Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher page 22 Telmo Morato (Portugal) PhD RMES (start 2002*) Project: Ecology and fisheries of seamount ecosystems Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Siân Morgan (Canada) PhD McGill (visiting from McGill University since 2003*) Project: The ontogenetic ecology and conservation of exploited tropical seahorses Supervisors: Dr Amanda Vincent & Dr Donald Kramer (McGill) Lyne Morissette (Canada) PhD Zoology (start 2001*) Project: Quality of ecosystem models and their impact on resilience: a comparative analysis Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Kerrie O’Donnell (USA) PhD Zoology (start 2005) Project: Evaluating recovery options for data-limited seahorse fisheries in the Philippines Supervisor: Dr Amanda Vincent Marivic Pajaro (Philippines) PhD RMES (start 2002) Project: Biological, social and economic indicators of effectiveness in community- managed marine protected areas Supervisor: Dr Amanda Vincent Chiara Piroddi (Italy) MSc Zoology (start 2005) Project: The application of Ecopath with Ecosim to the study of two populations of dolphins in the Eastern Ionian Sea, Greece Supervisor: Dr Villy Christensen Tom Porteus (UK) PhD Zoology (start 2006) Project: Use of Bayesian methods to determine strategy for control of terrestrial vertebrate pest species Supervisor: Dr Murdoch McAllister David Preikshot (Canada) PhD RMES (start 2000*) Project: The influence of area scale climate and trophic dynamics upon North Pacific oceanic ecosystem models Supervisors: Dr Villy Christensen & Dr Daniel Pauly Andrea Rambeau (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2006) Project: Defining parameters for a migrating, intermixing population of humpback whales in British Columbia Supervisors: Dr Andrew Trites & Dr John Ford Erin Rechisky (USA) PhD Zoology (start 2004) Project: Early marine survival and migration of endangered Pacific salmon in the Columbia and Fraser Rivers Supervisor: Dr Carl Walters Yvette Rizzo (Malta) PhD RMES (start 2000) Project: The central Mediterranean: functioning of a large marine ecosystem [on leave from project] Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Jennifer Selgrath (USA) PhD Zoology (start 2006) Project: Ecosystem resilience in coastal fishing grounds Supervisor: Dr Amanda Vincent Ben Starkhouse (USA) MSc RMES (start 2006) Project: Quantifying and valuing extractive resources of Fiji’s coral reefs Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila Nathan Taylor (Canada) PhD Zoology (start 2001*) Project:  Pikeminnows and rainbow trout Supervisor: Dr Carl Walters Louise Teh (Malaysia) MSc RMES (start 2003*), PhD RMES (start 2007) Project: Investigating the discount rates of small-scale fishers in the Sulu-Sulawesi Marine ecoregion Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila page 23 Lydia Teh (Malaysia) PhD RMES (start 2007) Project: Zoning MPAs using a fuzzy logic system: case study of small-scale reef fisheries in Sabah, Malaysia Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Dawit Tesfamichael (Eritrea) PhD RMES (start 2002) Project: Ecosystem based fisheries management of the Red Sea Supervisors: Dr Daniel Pauly & Dr Tony Pitcher Laura Tremblay-Boyer (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2007) Project :  Magnitude and spatial distribution of global fisheries by-catch Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Pablo Trujillo (Canada) MSc RMES (start 2001*) Project: Global analysis of the sustainability of marine aquaculture Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Brett van Poorten (Canada) PhD Zoology (start 2005) Project: Effects of interspecific competition on recruitment processes in rainbow trout and Pygmy Pikeminnow Supervisor: Dr. Carl Walters Divya Varkey (India) PhD RMES (start 2005) Project: Ecosystem modelling of coral reefs in Raja Ampat Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Colette Wabnitz (France/Germany) PhD Geography (start 2003) Project: The ecological role of green sea turtles and the mapping of their foraging grounds in the wider Caribbean region. Supervisors: Dr Daniel Pauly & Dr Brian Klinkenberg Chad Wilkinson (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2005) Project: Population study on west-slope cutthroat trout and bull trout in a closed river system of the southern BC Rockies Supervisor: Dr Steve Martell Mandy Wong (Canada) MSc Zoology (start 2007) Project: Do El Niño-southern oscillation events positively affect the diet of the Hawaiian monk seal Supervisors: Dr Andrew Trites & Dr Dominic Tollit Louisa Wood (UK) PhD Geography (start 2003*) Project: A global analysis of marine protected areas Supervisors: Dr Daniel Pauly & Dr Brian Klinkenberg Beth Young (USA) MSc Zoology(start 2007) Project: The ability of heart rate to predict metabolism in Steller sea lions Supervisors: Dr Andrew Trites & Dr David Rosen page 24 Graduate Theses Completed* 2007 Cameron Ainsworth (Canada) PhD Resource Management and Environmental Studies Title: Strategic marine ecosystem restoration in northern British Columbia Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Line Bang Christensen (Denmark) MSc Resource Management and Environmental Studies Title: Reconstructing historical abundances of exploited marine mammals at the global scale Supervisor: Dr Steve Martell 2006 Megan Bailey (Canada) MSc Resource Management and Environmental Studies Title: Economic analysis of unregulated and illegal fishing in Raja Ampat, Indonesia Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila William Cheung (Hong Kong, China) PhD Resource Management and Environmental Studies Title: Vulnerabilities of marine fishes in the north South China Sea and implications to fisheries management Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Tiphaine Jeanniard du Dot (Canada) MSc Zoology Title: Diet quality and season affect physiology and energetic priorities of captive Steller sea lions during and after periods of nutritional stress Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites & Dr David Rosen Ahmed Khan (Sierra Leone) MSc Resource Management and Environmental Studies Title: The nature and magnitude of global fisheries subsidies Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila Yajie Liu (China) PhD Resource Management and Environmental Studies Title: An analysis of the management and economics of salmon aquaculture Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila Telmo Morato (Portugal) PhD Resource Management and Environmental Studies Title: Ecology and fisheries of seamount ecosystems Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Siân Morgan (Canada) PhD McGill Title: The ontogenetic ecology and conservation of exploited tropical seahorses Supervisors: Dr Amanda Vincent & Dr Donald Kramer (McGill) Ahmed Gelchu (Ethiopia) PhD Resource Management and Environmental Studies Title: Growth and distribution of port- based global fishing effort within countries EEZs Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Heather Keith (Canada) MSc Resource Management and Environmental Studies Title: A bioeconomic model approach to predicting the spatial fishing effort distribution in the global longline tuna fishery Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila Hector Lozano (Mexico) PhD Zoology Title: Historical ecosystem modelling of the upper Gulf of California (Mexico): following 50 years of change Supervisor: Dr Tony Pitcher Michelle Marcotte (Canada) MSc Zoology Title: Steller watch: timing of weaning and seasonal patterns in numbers and activities of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) at a year-round haulout site in southeast Alaska Supervisor: Dr Andrew Trites Nathan Taylor (Canada) PhD Zoology Title: Growth and survival responses to experimental fishing: models, experiments and lessons from the pygmy pikeminnow of south central British Columbia Supervisor: Dr Carl Walters Louise Teh (Malaysia) MSc Resource Management and Environmental Studies Title: The ecological and socio-economic sustainability of the reef fisheries of PulauBanggi, Sabah, Malaysia Supervisor: Dr Rashid Sumaila Lyne Morissette (Canada) PhD Zoology Title: Complexity, cost and quality of ecosystem models and their impact on resilience: a comparative analysis, with emphasis on marine mammals and the Gulf of St. Lawrence Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly David Preikshot (Canada) PhD Zoology Title: The influence of area scale climate and trophic dynamics upon North Pacific oceanic ecosystem models Supervisors: Dr Villy Christensen & Dr Daniel Pauly Pablo Trujillo (Canada) MSc Resource Management and Environmental Studies Title: A global analysis of the sustainability of marine aquaculture Supervisor: Dr Daniel Pauly Louisa Wood (UK) PhD Geography Title: The global network of maritime protected areas: developing baselines and identifying priorities Supervisors: Dr Daniel Pauly & Dr Brian Klinkenberg *Thesis abstracts are available online at www.fisheries.ubc.ca. page 25 Fisheries Centre Members Faculty Dr Daniel Pauly, Director Professor, Fisheries Centre & Zoology Tropical and Global Fisheries Issues Dr Villy Christensen Associate Professor, Fisheries Centre Ecosystem Modeling Dr Steven Martell Assistant Professor, Fisheries Centre Quantitative Fisheries Stock Assessment Dr Murdoch McAllister Associate Professor, Fisheries Centre Bayesian Statistical Methods Dr Tony J. Pitcher Professor, Fisheries Centre & Zoology Ecosystems, Rapid Appraisal and Schooling Dr U. Rashid Sumaila Associate Professor, Fisheries Centre Fisheries Economics Dr Andrew Trites Professor, Fisheries Centre Marine Mammals and Fisheries Dr Amanda Vincent Associate Professor, Fisheries Centre Canada Research Chair in Marine Conservation Dr Carl Walters Professor, Fisheries Centre & Zoology Modeling, Assessment and Ecosystems Emeritus Members Dr Les Lavkulich Fisheries Education Dr Paul LeBlond Fisheries Oceanography Dr Don Ludwig Fisheries Mathematics Dr Patricia Marchak Forests and Fisheries Dr Gordon Munro Fisheries Economics Associated UBC Faculty Dr Jo-Ann Archibald First Nations House of Learning Aboriginal Issues & Education Dr Brian Elliot Sociology Environmental Sociology Dr Douglas Harris Law Fisheries Law Dr Scott Hinch Forest Sciences and Institute for Resources and Environment Forests and Fisheries Dr David (Ralph) Mathews Sociology Fisheries Sociology Dr Charles Menzies Anthropology Fisheries Anthropology Dr Diane Newell History History of Fishers Communities Dr Richard Paisley Law Fisheries Law Dr Royann Petrell Chemical and Biological Engineering Fishery Engineering Dr William Rees School of Community and Regional Planning Ecological Economics Dr Richard Vedan First Nations House of Learning Aboriginal Fisheries Dr William Neill Fisheries Limnology Dr Tom Northcote Fisheries Biology Adjunct Professors & Associated Faculty Outside UBC Dr Jackie Alder Consultant Coastal Zone Management Dr Claire Armstrong University of Tromsø Fisheries Economics Dr Martin Castonguay DFO, Quebec Fisheries Biology Dr Ratana Chuenpagdee Dalhousie University Fisheries Economics Dr John K. B. Ford DFO, Nanaimo Marine Mammals Dr Martin Haulena Vancouver Aquarium Veterinarian Dr Douglas E. Hay DFO, Nanaimo Pelagic Fisheries Dr Glen Jamieson DFO, Nanaimo Invertebrate Fisheries Dr. Jacquelynne King DFO, Nanaimo Fisheries Climaatology Dr Mimi Lam Consultant Aboriginal Fisheries page 26 International Advisory Council Dr Anthony Charles (2001-2007) St. Mary’s University Halifax, Canada Dr Douglas DeMaster (2006-2008) National Marine Fisheries Service Seattle, USA Dr Rosemary Ommer University of Victoria Fisheries Sociology Dr Stephen Raverty BC Agriculture and Lands Pathologist - Fish & Mammals Dr John Spence BC Science Council Industry and Fisheries Dr Laura Richards DFO, Nanaimo Fisheries Assessment Dr Jordan Rosenfeld BC Min. Environment Stream Ecology Dr Max Stocker DFO, Nanaimo Fisheries Assessment Dr Arthur Tautz BC Fisheries, Vancouver GIS, Sports Fisheries Dr John Volpe University of Victoria Sustainable Aquaculture Dr Scott Wallace David Suzuki Foundation, Vancouver Fisheries Conservation Dr Jane Watson Malaspina College, Nanaimo Marine Mammals Support Staff Ann Tautz Administration Support Gerard O’Doherty Technical  Support Janice Doyle Administration Support Rosalie Casison Technical and Web Pages Support Robyn Forrest Fishbytes Editor Dr Cornelia Nauen (2001-2009) European Union Brussels, Belgium Dr Ana Parma (2007-2009) Centro Nacional Patagónico Chubut, Argentina Dr David Policansky (Chair) (1993- 2006) National Research Council Washington, DC, USA Dr Andrew Rosenberg (2001-2007) University of New Hampshire Durham, USA Dr Yvonne Sadovy (2006-2008) University of Hong Kong Hong Kong, China page 27 Publications ARTICLES IN REFEREED JOURNALS Abdallah, P.R. and Sumaila, U.R. (2007) A historical account of Brazilian policy on fisheries subsidies. Marine Policy 31: 444-450. Acevedo, J., Rasmussen, K., Felix, F., Castro, C., Llano, M., Secchi, E., Saborio, M.T., Aguayo-Lobo, A., Haase, B., Scheidat, M., Dalla Rosa, L., Olavarria, C., Forestell, P., Acuna, P., Kaufman, G. and Pastene, L.A. (2007) Migratory destinations of humpback whales from the Magellan Strait feeding ground, Southeast Pacific. Marine Mammal Science 23: 453-463. Ainsworth, C.H. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) Modifying Kempton’s species diversity index for use with ecosystem simulation models. Ecological Indicators 6(3): 623-630. Apostolaki, P., Babcock, E.A. and McAllister, M.K. (2006) Contrasting deterministic and probabilistic ranking of catch-quotas and area/size-based fisheries management.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63: 1777-1792. Azevedo, A.F., Oliveira, A.M., Dalla Rosa, L. and Lailson- Brito, J. (2007) Characteristics of whistles from resident bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in southern Brazil. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 121: 2978-2983. Ban, S. and Trites, A.W. (2007) Quantification of terrestrial haul-out and rookery characteristics of Steller sea lions. Marine Mammal Science 23: 496-507. Berman, M. and Sumaila, U.R. (2006) Discounting, amenity values and marine ecosystem restoration. Marine Resource Economics 21(2): 211-219. Chang, S.E., Adams, B.J., Alder, J., Berke, P.R., Chuenpagdee, R., Ghosh, S. and Wabnitz, C. (2006) Coastal ecosystems and tsunami protection after the December 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. Earthquake Spectra 22(S3): S863-S887. Cheneval, O., Blake, R.W., Trites, A.W. and Chan, K.H.S. (2007) Turning maneuvers in Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Marine Mammal Science 23: 94- 109. Cheung, W.W.L., Watson, R., Morato, T. and Pitcher, T.J. (2007) Change of intrinsic vulnerability in the global fish catch. Marine Ecology Progress Series 333: 1-12. Christensen, V., Aiken, K.A. and Villanueva, M.C. (2007) Threats to the ocean: on the role of ecosystem approaches to fisheries. Social Science Information 46(1): 67-86. Chuengpagdee, R., Preikshot, D., Ligouri, L. and Pauly, D. (2006) A public sentiment index for ecosystem management. Ecosystems 9: 436-473. Clark, C.M., Munro, G. and Sumaila, U.R. (2007) Buyback, subsidies, the time consistency problem and the ITQ alternative. Land Economics 83(1): 50-58. Clarke, S., Magnusson, J.E., Abercrombie, D.L., McAllister, M.K. and Shivji, M. (2006) Identification of shark species composition and proportion in the Hong Kong shark fin market using molecular genetics and trade records.  Conservation Biology 20: 201-211. Clarke, S.C., McAllister, M.K., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Kirkwood, G.P., Michielsens, C.G., Agnew, D., Pikitch, E.K., Nakano, H. and Shivji, M. (2006) Global estimates of shark catches using trade records from commercial markets.  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(2007) Ecotypic variation and predatory behavior among killer whales (Orcinus orca) off the eastern Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Fishery Bulletin 105: 74-87. Meeuwig, J.J., Do, .H.H. Truong, S.K., Job, S.D. and Vincent, A.C.J. (2006) Quantifying non-target seahorse fisheries in central Vietnam. Fisheries Research 81: 149- 157. Melnychuk, M.C., Welch, D.W., Walters, C.J. and Christensen, V. (2007) Riverine and early ocean migration and mortality patterns of juvenile steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) from the Cheakamus River, British Columbia. Hydrobiologia 582: 55-65. Michielsens, C.G.J., McAllister, M.K., Kuikka, S., Pakarinen, T., Karlsson, L., Romakkaniemi, A., Perä, I. and Mäntyniemi, S. (2006) A Bayesian state-space mark-recapture model to estimate exploitation rates in mixed stock fisheries.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63: 321-334. Morato, T., Afonso, P., Carvalho, N., Lourinho, P., Santos, R.S., Krug, H.M. and Nash, R.D.M. (2007) Growth, reproduction and recruitment patterns of the wide- eyed flounder, Bothus podas Delaroche (Pisces: Bothidae), from the Azores. Marine Biology Research 3(6): 403-411. Morato, T., Cheung, W.W.L. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) Vulnerability of seamount fish to fishing: fuzzy analysis of life history attributes. Journal of Fish Biology 68(1): 209-221. Morato, T., Watson, R., Pitcher, T.J. and Pauly, D. (2006) Fishing down the deep. Fish and Fisheries 7(1): 23-33. page 30 Rea, L.D., Rosen, D.A.S. and Trites, A.W. (2007) Utilization of stored energy reserves during fasting varies by age and season in Steller sea lions. Canadian Journal of Zoology 85: 190-200. Rosen, D.A.S., Winship, A.J. and Hoopes, L.A. (2007) Thermal and digestive constraints to foraging behavior in marine mammals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 362: 2151- 2168. Rosenfeld, J.S., Post, J., Robins, G. and Hatfield, T. (2007) Hydraulic geometry as a physical template for the River Continuum: applications to optimal flows and longitudinal trends in salmonid habitat. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64(5): 755-767.  Samoilys, M.A., Martin-Smith, K.M., Giles, B.G., Cabrera, B., Anticamara, J.A., Brunio, E.O. and Vincent, A.C.J. (2007) Effectiveness of five small Philippines’ coral reef reserves for fish populations depends on site-specific factors, particularly enforcement history. Biological Conservation 136(4): 584-601. Selgrath, J.C., Hovel, K.A. and Wahle, R.A. (2007) Effects of habitat edges on American lobster abundance and survival.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 353(2): 253-264. Soto, K.H., Trites, A.W. and Arias-Schreiber, M. (2006) Changes in diet and maternal attendance of a South American sea lions indicate changes in the marine environment and the abundance of prey. Marine Ecology Progress Series 312: 277-290. Sumaila, U.R, Alder, J. and Keith, H. (2006) Global scope and economics of illegal fishing. Marine Policy 30(6): 696-703. Sumaila, U.R. and Armstrong, C.W. (2006) Distributional and efficiency effects of marine protected areas: A study of the Northeast Atlantic cod fishery. Land Economics 82 (3): 321-332. Sumaila, U.R. and Walters, C. (2007) Making future generations count: Comment on “Remembering the future”. Ecological Economics 60(3): 487-488. Sumaila, U.R., Charles,T., and Sylvia, G. (2006) Topical problems in fisheries economics: an introduction. Marine Resource Economics 21(4):337-40. Sumaila, U.R., Khan, A., Watson, R., Munro, G., Zeller, D., Baron, N. and Pauly, D. (2007) The World Trade Organization and global fisheries sustainability. Fisheries Research 88: 1-4. Sumaila, U.R., Marsden, A.D., Watson, R. and Pauly, D. (2007) Global ex-vessel price database: construction and application. Journal of Bioeconomics 9: 39-51. Sumaila, U.R., Munro, G. and Sutinen, J. 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In: Pitcher, T.J., Morato, T., Hart, P.J.B., Clark, M.R., Haggan, N. and Santos, R.S. (eds) Seamounts: Ecology, Fisheries and Conservation. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series 12, Blackwell, Oxford, UK. page 37 Pramod. G. (2007) Progress in managing fishing capacity and IUU fishing – implementation of the FAO Code of Conduct in APFIC countries, p. 16. Theme III: Capacity Reduction Tool and Actions. In: APFIC Regional Consultative Workshop: Managing fishing capacity and IUU fishing in the Asian region, Phuket, Thailand, 13-15 June 2007, FAO RAP Publication 2007/ 18, Bangkok. Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J.  (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Angola with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 15p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of the Fisheries of Yemen with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 16p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Portugal with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing. 21p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Senegal with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 24p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Sri Lanka with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 18p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Sweden with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 19p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Ukraine with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 20p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Ghana with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 29p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Iran with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 17p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Ireland with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 18p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of North Korea with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 12p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Latvia with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 14p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Namibia with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 23p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Nigeria with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 22p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Australia with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 60p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). page 38  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Bangladesh with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 17p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Egypt with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 19p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Faroes with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 26p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Germany with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 16p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Poland with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 18p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G., Pitcher, T.J. and Piroddi, C. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Italy with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 44p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G., Pitcher, T.J. and Rojo-Diaz, P. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of South Africa with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 29p. In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Pramod, G., Pitcher, T.J. and Rojo-Diaz, P. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of the United Kingdom with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 30p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Pramod, G., Tony Pitcher, Rojo-Diaz, P. and Kalikoski, D. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Spain with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing,  25p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pramod, G., Varkey, D. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Taiwan with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 26p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Pullin, R.S.V., Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (2007) Indicators for the sustainability of aquaculture, p. 53-72. In:  Bert, T.M., (ed) Ecological and Genetic Implications of Aquaculture Activities. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Rizzo, Y. and Zeller, D. (2007) Country disaggregation of catches of former Yugoslavia, p. 149-156.  In:  Zeller, D. and Pauly, D. (eds) Reconstruction of Marine Fisheries Catches for Key Countries and Regions (1950-2005). Fisheries Centre Research Reports 15(2). Rojo-Diaz, P.  and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Denmark with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 26p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Rojo-Diaz, P. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) Anestimation of compliance of the fisheries of France with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 27p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Rojo-Diaz, P. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An Estimation of Compliance of the Fisheries of Morocco with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 13p.  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(2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Norway with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 19p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2).  Sumaila, U.R. and Stephanus, K. (2006) Declines in Namibia’s pilchard catch: the reasons and consequences, p. 205-214.  In: Hannesson, R., Barange, M. and Herrick, S.F. (eds) Climate Change and the Economics of the World’s Fisheries- Examples of small pelagic stocks. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK. Sumaila, U.R., Khan, A., Teh, L., Watson, R., Tyedmers, P. and Pauly, D. (2006a) Subsidies to high seas bottom trawl fleets, p. 49-53.  In: Sumaila, U.R. and Pauly, D. (eds) Catching More Bait: a bottom-up re-estimation of global fisheries subsidies. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(6). Sumaila, U.R., Teh, L., Watson, R., Tyedmers, P. and Pauly, D. (2006b) Fuel subsidies to global fisheries, p. 38-48.  In: Sumaila, U.R. and Pauly, D. (eds) Catching More Bait: a bottom-up re-estimation of global fisheries subsidies. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(6). Tollit, D.J., Heaslip, S.G., Deagle, B.E., Iverson, S.J., Joy, R., Rosen, D.A.S. and Trites, A.W. (2006) Estimating diet composition in sea lions: which technique to choose? p 293-307.  In: Trites, A.W., Atkinson, S.K., DeMaster, D.P., Fritz, L.W., Gelatt, T.S., Rea, L.D. and Wynne, K.M. (eds) Sea Lions of the World. Alaska Sea Grant College Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Trites, A.W., Christensen, V. and Pauly, D. (2006) Effects of fisheries on ecosystems: just another top predator? p. 11-27.  In: Boyd, I., Wanless, S. and Camphuysen, C.J. (eds) Top Predators in Marine Ecosystems: their role in monitoring and management. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Turay, I., Vakily, J.M., Palomares, M.L.D. and Pauly, D. (2006) Growth, food and reproduction of the mudskipper, Periophthalmus barbarus on mudflats of Freetown, Sierra Leone, p. 49-54.  In: Palomares, M.L.D., Stergiou, K.I. and Pauly, D. (eds) Fishes in Databases and Ecosystems. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(4). Varkey, D. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of Iceland with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 27p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Varkey, D., Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of New Zealand with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 31p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Varkey, D., Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of India with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 28p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Varkey, D., Pramod, G. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of South Korea with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 24p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Vasconcellos, M., Kalikoski, D. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of USA with Article 7 (Fisheries Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, 16p.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Kalikoski, D. and Pramod, G. (eds) Evaluations of Compliance with the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(2). Vincent, A.C.J. (2006) Live food and non-food fisheries on coral reefs, and their potential for management, p. 183-236.  In:  Coté, I.M. and Reynolds, J.D. (eds) Coral Reef Conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Vincent, A.C.J. and Koldewey, H.J. (2006) An uncertain future for seahorse aquaculture in conservation and economic contexts, p. 71-84.  In:  Primavera, J.H., Quimitio, E.T. and Eguia, M.R.R. (eds) Proceedings of the Regional Technical Consultation on Stock Enhancement of Species Under International Concern. Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center. 13-15 July 2005. Iloilo, Panay, Philippines. page 40 MISCELLANEOUS PUBLICATIONS Ahrens, Robert N.M. (2006) Utility of the Steelhead Harvest Analysis in determining population trends and estimating escapement, p. 48.  Prepared for B.C. Ministry of Environment. Vancouver, B.C., Canada. Ainsworth, C.H. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) Ecosystem restoration in Northern British Columbia.  Oceans Past: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the History of Animal Populations.  International Conference, Kolding, Denmark.  October 2005. Ainsworth, C.H., Varkey, D. and Pitcher, T.J. (2007) Ecosystem simulation models of Raja Ampat, Indonesia in support of ecosystem based fisheries management. Final technical report for the Bird’s Head Seascape Ecosystem Based Management Project.  University of British Columbia Fisheries Centre.  December 2007, 111 p. Alder, J., Hopkins, S., Cheung W.W.L. and Sumaila, U.R. (2006) Valuing US marine habitats: fantasy or fact? Fisheries Centre Working Paper #2006-03, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. Christensen, V. (2006) Turning the tide is easy enough. Sea Around Us Project Newsletter 33: 1-5 (January/February). Christensen, V. and Vincent, A.C.J. (2006) Thinking big calls for thanking big. FishBytes 12(3):3. Coggins, L.G., Pine, W.E., Martell, S.J.D., Melis, T.S. and Andersen, M.E. (2006) Adaptive management of the Colorado River ecosystem below Glen Canyon Dam, Arizona: using science and modeling to resolve uncertainty in river management. In: Proceedings of the American Water Resources Association. (www.awra.org/ proceedings/cd_proceedings.html.) Forrest, R. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) Misleading claims of overfishing in New South Wales: comments on “Empty Oceans Empty Nets, an evaluation of NSW fisheries catch statistics from 1940 to 2000”. Fisheries Centre Working Paper #2006-16, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Haggan, N., Turner, N.J., Carpenter, J., Jones, J.T., Menzies, C. and Mackie, Q. (2006) 12,000+  years of change: Linking traditional and modern ecosystem science in the Pacific Northwest. UBC Fisheries Centre Working Paper #2006-02, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. (www.fisheries.ubc.ca/publications/working/2006/2006- 02.pdf.) Helser, T.E and Martell S. (2007) Stock assessment of Pacific Hake (Whiting) in U.S. and Canadian waters in 2007. Northwest Fisheries Science Center National Marine Fisheries Service National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2725 Montlake Blvd., East Seattle, WA 98112, USA. Vincent, A.C.J., Marsden, A.D. and Sumaila, U.R. (2007) The role of globalization in creating and addressing seahorse conservation problems, p. 186- 214.  In: Taylor, W.W., Schetcher, M.G. and Wolfson, L.G. (eds) Globalization: Effects on Fisheries Resources. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Watson, R., Alder, J. and Pauly, D. (2006) Fisheries for forage fish, p. 1-20.  In: Alder, J. and Pauly, D. (eds) On the Multiple Uses of Forage Fish: from Ecosystem to Markets. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(3). Watson, R., Kitchingman, A. and Cheung, W.W.L. (2007) Catches from world seamount fisheries, p. 400-413.  In: Pitcher, T.J., Morato, T., Hart, P.J.B., Clark, M.R., Haggan, N. and Santos, R.S. (eds) Seamounts: Ecology, Fisheries and Conservation. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series 12, Blackwell, Oxford, UK. Wielgus, J., Caicedo-Herrera, D. and Zeller, D. (2007) Reconstruction of Colombia’s fisheries catches, p. 69- 79.  In:  Zeller, D. and Pauly, D. (eds) Reconstruction of Marine Fisheries Catches for Key Countries and Regions (1950-2005). Fisheries Centre Research Reports 15(2). Winship, A.J., Hunter, A.M.J., Rosen, D.A.S. and Trites, A.W. (2006) Food consumption by sea lions: existing data and techniques, p 177-191.  In: Trites, A.W., Atkinson, S.K., DeMaster, D.P., Fritz, L.W., Gelatt, T.S., Rea, L.D. and Wynne, K.M. (eds) Sea Lions of the World. Alaska Sea Grant College Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Zeller, D. and Rizzo, Y. (2007) Country disaggregation of catches of the former Soviet Union (USSR), p. 157-163.  In:  Zeller, D. and Pauly, D. (eds) Reconstruction of Marine Fisheries Catches for Key Countries and Regions (1950-2005). Fisheries Centre Research Reports 15(2). Zeller, D., Booth, S., Lam, V., Lai, S., Close, C. and Pauly, D. (2006) Global dispersion of dioxin:  a spatial dynamic model, with emphasis on ocean deposition, p. 67-82.  In: Alder, J. and Pauly, D. (eds) On the Multiple Uses of Forage Fish: from Ecosystem to Markets. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(3). page 41 Pauly, D. (2006) Recalling the goals of the Sea Around Us Project: documenting, communicating and mitigating fisheries impacts on marine ecosystems. Sea Around Us Project Newsletter. September/October (37): 1-3. Pauly, D. (2006) Unsustainable marine fisheries. Sustainable Development Law & Policy 7: 10.12, 79. Pauly, D. (2007) ‘Spotlight’ (Biography and Q & A), p. 166- 167.  In: Sodhi, N.S., Broock, B.W. and Bradshaw, C.J.A., Tropical Conservation Biology. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, Massachusetts, USA. Pauly, D. (2007) A marine biologist dives into the history of the Gulf of California. ‘Journal Club’, Nature, 445:343. Pauly, D. (2007) El Proyecto Sea Around Us (Mar que nos rodea): documental y diffundir los efectos de la pesquerias mundiales sobre los ecosistemas marinos. (Crisis global de la pesca). Ecologia Politica – cuadernos de debate internacional No. 32: 79-81. Pauly, D. (2007) Obituary: Ransom Aldrich Myers (1954- 2007). Nature, 447: 33-34. [Shorter version in FishBytes 13(2): 1-2] Pauly, D. (2007) Small but mighty: elevate the role of small-scale fishers in the world market. [One of ‘10 Solutions to Save the Oceans’] Conservation 8(3): 25. [Reprinted In: Nature Conservancy 57(4):34] Pauly, D. (2007) Tales of a small, but crucial fish: review of ‘The Most Important Fish’ by H. Bruce Franklin. Science, 318 (November 2): 750-751. Pauly, D. (2007) Trouble in paradise: review of ‘Coral: a pessimist in Paradise’ by Steve Jones. Nature, 447: 33-34. Pauly, D. (2006) Une recherche pour la survie de tous. Science au Sud - le journal de l’IRD No 37, Nov./Dec. 2006. Pauly, D. and Palomares, M.L. (2007) SeaLifeBase as a support system for modelling marine ecosystems, p. 18. Abstracts, 6th European Conference on Ecological Modelling - ECEM ’07. Trieste, Italy, November 27-30, 2007. Pauly, D., Alder, J., Booth, S., Cheung, W.W.L., Close, C., Sumaila, U.R., Swartz, W., Tavakolie, A., Watson, R., Wood, L. and Zeller, D. (2007) Large Marine Ecosystems and the Sea Around Us Project.  Sea Around Us Project Newsletter, July-August (42): 3-6. Pauly, D., Watson, R. and Christensen, V. (2007) Les réserves marines: un remède efficace? Les Dossiers de la Recherche No. 28 (August): 34-37. Pitcher, T.J. (2006)  Review of: Marine Life of the Pacific Northwest: a Photographic Encyclopaedia of Invertebrates, Seaweeds and Selected Fishes. B.C. Studies 149: 103-104. Pitcher, T.J. (2006) Series Editor’s Foreword, p. i to iii.  In: Brown, C., Laland, K. and Krause, J. (eds) Fish Cognition and Behavior. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series 11, Blackwell, Oxford, UK. Helser, T.E., Stewart, I.J., Fleischer, G.W. and Martell, S. (2006) Stock assessment of Pacific Hake (Whiting) in U.S. and Canadian Waters in 2006. Northwest Fisheries Science Center National Marine Fisheries Service National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2725 Montlake Blvd., East Seattle, WA 98112, USA. Heymans, J.J., Guénette, S., Christensen, V. and Trites, A.W. (2007) Steller sea lions in the Gulf of Alaska: Modelling effects of environmental variation and fishing. The Scottish Association for Marine Science Newsletter 33:14. Karpouzi, V.S., Watson, R. and Pauly, D. (2006) Modelling and mapping resource overlap between fisheries and seabirds on a global scale. ICES CM 2006/L: 01. Lam, M.E. (2006) Towards Sustainable Coexistence and Ecosystem-based Governance of Fisheries, p. 61. Evening Session at the 91st Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Memphis, TN, August 6 – 11, 2006. [Abstract] Lam, M.E. (2006) UBC Aboriginal fisheries logo contest winner, FishBytes 12(5):3. Lam, M.E. (2006) Were Places Proto-symbols? p. 82-83 and p. A65.  In: Human Cognition in Evolutionary Eco- cultural Niches Symposium at the AAAS Annual Meeting, St. Louis, MO, February 16 - 20, 2006. [Abstract] Lam, M.E. (2007) Fishprinting workshop: the Japanese art of gyotaku, FishBytes 13(5):3. Lam, M.E. (2007) Protosymbolism in human evolution, p. 72 and p. A26. In:  The Archaeology of the Mind: From Petalias to Societies Symposium at the AAAS Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, February 15 - 19 2007. [Abstract] Lam, M.E. (2007) Relating to our ecosystems:  people and places, p. 83. In:  COS 46 Ecology education: Extended audiences at Ecological Society of America Joint Meeting with Society for Ecological Restoration, San Jose, CA, August 5 - 10, 2007. [Abstract] Lam, M.E. (2007) What is nature? FishBytes 13(5):1-2. Lam, M.E. and Gonzalez-Plaza, R. (2006) Faustian salmonid ecologies, p. 54 and p. 86 of CD.  Oral presentation at Ecological Society of America Meeting, Mérida, Yucatán, México, January 8 – 12, 2006. [Abstract] Martell, S.J.D., Korman, J., Darcy, M., Christensen, L.B. and Zeller, D. (2006) Status and trends of the Hawaiian bottomfish stocks: 1948-2004. NOAA, National Marine Fisheries Service,Technical Report, Honolulu, HI 57 p. Pauly, D. (2006) Babette’s Feast in Lima. Sea Around Us Project Newsletter. November/December (38): 1-2. Pauly, D. (2006) Fisheries subsidies: the Good, the Bad and the Ugly. El Anzuelo: European Newsletter on Fisheries and the Environment 17: 7. page 42 Pitcher, T.J. (2006) Series Editor’s Foreword, p. xiv to xvi. In: Pitcher, T.J., Morato, T., Hart, P.J.B., Clark, M.R., Haggan, N. and Santos, R.S. (eds) (2007) Seamounts: Ecology, Fisheries and Conservation. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series 12, Blackwell, Oxford, UK. Pitcher, T.J. (2006) Up and down with the Reverend Thomas Bayes. FishBytes 12(3):7. Pitcher, T.J. and Hart, P.J.B. (2006) Good scientist, clear scientist: an obituary for Charles (Chuck) Edward Hollingworth 1950-2005. Fish and Fisheries 7: 81-83. Pitcher, T.J. and Pauly, D. (2007) The art and nature of nurture. FishBytes 13(2):3. Sadovy, Y., Punt, A.E., Cheung, W., Vasconcellos, M., Suharti, S. and Mapstone, B.D. (2007) Stock assessment approach for the Napoleon fish, Cheilinus undulatus, in Indonesia: a tool for quota-setting for data-poor fisheries under CITES Appendix II Non-Detriment Finding requirements. FAO, Rome, Italy. FAO Fisheries Circular 1023: 71p. Sumaila, U. R. (2007) Fisheries Centre at the World Trade Organization. FishBytes, 13(4), 1-2. Sumaila, U.R. (2007) Subsidies and deep-sea fish depletion. Humanist Perspectives, 163, 20-21. Sumaila, U.R. (2007) Elizabeth H. Peterson, Institutional Economics and Fisheries Management: The Case of Pacific Tuna [Review of.] International Journal of Maritime History 19 (1), 387-388. Sumaila, U.R. (2006) Briefing on the Hill on rebuilding overfished stocks in the USA. The Sea Around Us Project Newsletter, 36, 1-2. Sumaila, U.R. (2006) Tony Blair’s bargain-priced flight and the easing of pressure on fish stocks. FishBytes, 12(3), 1-2. Sumaila, U.R. (2007) Briefing at the United Nations on global fisheries. Sea Around Us Project Newsletter, July- August (42): 1-2. Sumaila, U.R. (2007) Running on empty: Eliminate fuel subsidies to reduce destructive bottom trawling on the high seas. Conservation Magazine, 8: 3, 6-7. Sumaila, U.R. and Keith, H. (2006) Regulating fisheries subsidies-A role for RFMOs. Bridges Monthly, No. 2, March-April 2006. ICTSD, Geneva: 21-22. Sumaila, U.R. and D. Pauly (2007) All fishing nations must unite to end subsidies. Nature (correspondence) 450: 945. Sumaila, U.R. and Pauly, D. (2006) Executive Summary, p. 1.  In: Sumaila, U.R. and Pauly, D. (eds) Catching More Bait: a bottom-up re-estimation of global fisheries subsidies. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(6). Sumaila, U.R. and Pauly, D. (2007) All fishing nations must unite to cut subsidies. Nature 450: 945. Sumaila, U.R. and Suatoni, L. (2006) Economic benefits of rebuilding U.S. ocean fish populations. Fisheries Centre Working Paper #2006-04, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. Tesfamichael, D. and Pitcher, T.J. (2006) Estimating the unreported catch of Eritrean Red Sea fisheries, 25p. Fisheries Centre Working Paper #2006-01, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. Tripp, D.B., Tschaplinski, P.J., Bird, S.A. and Hogan, D.L. (2007)  Field supplement to evaluating the condition of streams and riparian management areas (Riparian management routine effectiveness evaluation).  Forest and Range Evaluation Program, B.C. Min. For. Range, Victoria, B.C., 30p. Tripp, D.B., Tschaplinski, P.J., Bird, S.A. and Hogan, D.L. (2007) Protocol for evaluating the condition of streams and riparian management areas (Riparian management routine effectiveness evaluation). Forest and Range Evaluation Program, B.C. Min. For. Range and B.C. Min. Env., Victoria, B.C., 72p. Van Houtan, K. and Pauly, D. (2007) Snapshot: ghost of destruction. Nature 447: 123. Ward, B.R.  (2007)  The mark-selective fishery and move to broad-scale catch-and-release regulations in British Columbia’s steelhead trout populations.  Mark-Selective Fisheries Symposium . American Fisheries Society Annual General Meeting 2007, San Francisco, CA.  [Abstract] page 43 Fisheries Centre Visitors Listed below are some of the visitors to the UBC Fisheries Centre in 2006-2007 (with the name of the sponsor).  These and many other Canadian and international visitors came to present seminars, attend workshops and collaborate with FC researchers. Patrizia Abdallah Federal University of Rio Grande, Brazil Host: Rashid Sumaila Francisco Arreguin-Sanchez Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas del IPN La Paz, BCS, Mexico Host: Villy Christensen Matt Berman Professor University of Alaska, USA Host: Rashid Sumaila Barbara Block Tuna Research and Conservation Center Stanford University, USA Host: Murdoch McAllister Jannike Falk-Petersen PhD Student University of Tromsoe, Norway Hosts: Steve Martell, Rashid Sumaila, Villy Christensen Michael Frisk Post Doc State University of New York Long Island NY, USA Host: Steve Martell Didier Gascuel President Departement Halieutique Agrocampus Rennes - Ensar, France Host: Daniel Pauly Olaf Jensen PhD student Center for Limnology Madison WI, USA Host: Steve Martell Michael Jones Professor Fisheries and Wildlife Michigan State University, USA Hosts: Amanda Vincent & Carl Walters Dr. Hiroyuki Kurota National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries Shimizu, Japan Host: Murdoch McAllister Kelly Kearney PhD Student Princeton University, USA Host: Villy Christensen Kate Newman World Wildlife Fund, USA Host: Rashid Sumaila Mr. Jin-Hak Noh Deputy Director Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Korea Host: Daniel Pauly This photo includes speakers and organizers of the “Thinking Big – A Global Look at Fisheries Science” Symposium held in honour of FC Director Dr. Daniel Pauly on the occasion of his 60th birthday, May 2006 Alfredo T. Ortega Centro Universitario de la Costa Sur Universidad de Guadalajara, Mexico Host: Daniel Pauly Katja Parkkila PhD Student University of Helsinki, Finland Host: Rashid Sumaila Maddy Sigrist Visiting Scientist NOAA Chesapeake Bay, USA Host: Villy Christensen Maria Villanueva Post Doc IFREMER, France Host: Villy Christensen Rebecca Whitlock PhD Student Imperial College, UK Host: Murdoch McAllister Chien-Cheng Yeh Trustee Kuroshio Ocean Education Foundation, Taiwan Host: Amanda Vincent page 44 The 2006-2007 Fisheries Centre Report was produced by Grace Ong, Janice Doyle, and Daniel Pauly with input from the Fisheries Centre units and members. Funding for this Report and other Fisheries Centre publications is generously provided by a grant from the Province of British Columbia Ministry of Environment. Some of our major funders are (in thousands of dollars): North Pacific Marine Science Foundation (24,787), The Pew Charitable Trusts (15,370), Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (2,791), Province of BC Ministries of Fisheries, Environmental and Advanced Education (1,633) John G. Shedd Aquarium (1,223), Chocolaterie Guylian N.V., Belgium (751), U.S. Department of Commerce (573) and the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council (481). Funding         2006      2007 UBC Funding   Salaries (faculty & staff)     497,894   503,317                           Operating budget       16,219                              0* External Research  5,034,875                  4,599,834 * really! External research funding of the Fisheries Centre (1993-2007): 

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