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Seated Buddha statue accompanied by statues of disciples, bodhisattvas, guardians and donors, Niche 107, Beishan Rock Carvings (北山石刻) Anderl, Christoph


This niche is located in Beishan Rock Carvings (北山石刻), Fowan (佛灣), Dazu (大足) District, Chongqing. The sculptures of this niche are divided into three layers. The top layer contains seven seated Buddhas and two standing bodhisattvas. There are three Buddhas on the central wall and two on each side wall. The Buddha image in the middle, whose head is lost, is flanked by two attendants. He has a peach-shaped halo trimmed with flame patterns. Four lines representing the light emitted by the Buddha extend from the tip of the halo to the niche ceiling. Pavilions are depicted in the circles formed by these lines of light. The Buddha wears a double-collar drooping cassock, holds a bowl in his left hand, and sits on a lotus throne. The flanking bodhisattvas with circular halos stand on lotus pedestals, of which the one on the Buddha’s left side holds a staff decorated with twelve rings. The remaining Buddha images on the top layer have peach-shaped head halos and circular back halos, and their hands form meditative mudras. The middle layer has eight severely eroded figures with circular halos seated on Sumeru thrones. The bottom layer is badly damaged. It contains an altar in the middle flanked by several figures, probably donors. Six warrior-like images, possibly guardians, are depicted on each side wall. Since there are severely eroded, their identities are uncertain. Descriptions of the photos: Overview of the niche [1] Close-up of the right sidewall [2] Close-up of the left sidewall [3] Metadata created by: Sau Ling Wendy Yu.

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