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Steles of the Classic of Filial Piety (No. 103) and Zhao Yijian’s tombstone inscriptions (No. 104), Beishan Rock Carvings (北山石刻) Anderl, Christoph; Yu, Sau Ling Wendy


These two steles are located in Beishan Rock Carvings (北山石刻), Fowan (佛灣), Dazu (大足) District, Chongqing. They share a niche at the entrance to the northern section of the Beishan Rock Carvings. Stele of the Classic of Filial Piety (No. 103): The stele, dating to the reign of Xiaozong 孝宗 (1163-1189) in Southern Song, contains six subsections from left to right (see 103-a to 103-f in photo 1). Text from the Classic of Filial Piety (Chinese: Xiaojing 孝經) in the calligraphy of Fa Zuyu 范祖禹 (1041-1089) in regular script (kaishu 楷書) is inscribed on it. 1,620 words remain extant. The stele of Zhao Yijian’s tombstone inscriptions (No. 104): The dating of this stele is the same as No. 103. It contains two parts: a heading and a body of inscriptions. The heading has six characters, Yijian gong shen dao bei 懿簡公神道碑 (Zhao Yijian’s tombstone), written in seal script style (zhuanshu篆書) decorated with dragon motifs surrounding the characters. The inscriptions are written in regular script style, and 1,873 words remain. Zhao Yijian 趙懿簡, also known as Zhao Zhan 趙瞻 (1019-1090), was a government official in the Northern Song dynasty. The inscriptions of his tombstone were written by Fa Zuyu. Source: Dazu shike yanjiuyuan 大足石刻研究院. Dazu shike quanji 大足石刻全集 [Dazu Rock Carvings] Edited by Li Fangyin 黎方銀. 10 vols. Vol. 2-1, Chongqing: Chongqing chubanshe, 2018, pp. 19-27. Descriptions of the photos: Key to the steles [1] Overview of the steles [2] Sign board for stele No. 103 [3] Close-up of the first section (corresponding to 103-a in photo 1), stele No. 103 [4] Close-up of the second and third sections (corresponding to 103-b and 103-c in photo 1), stele No. 103 [5] Close-up of the fourth and fifth sections (corresponding to 103-d and 103-e in photo 1), stele No. 103 [6] Close-up of the sixth section (corresponding to 103-f in photo 1), stele No. 103 [7, 8, 9] Signage of stele No. 104 [10] Close-up of stele No. 104 [11, 12] Contemporary pagoda sheltering the two steles [13] Surroundings of the steles [14] Metadata created by: Sau Ling Wendy Yu.

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