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Overview of niches 12, 13, and 14, Yuanjue dong 圓覺洞 Anderl, Christoph


This picture provides an overview of niches 12, 13, and 14 (from right to left) in Yuanjue dong 圓覺洞, Anyue xian 安岳縣, Sichuan sheng 四川省. The opening of niche 12 is almost square, with the lintel arching up slightly. An inverted concave (凹-shaped) altar-like structure is carved along the three walls of the niche, its height approximately one third that of the cave wall. A notch is carved in the altar toward the middle wall. Just below the notch is a "ground-beam groove" (Ch. difu cao 地栿槽). In the upper right of the middle altar there is a rectangular recess, which might have been used to hold cultic images. On the top of the altar, along the right wall, stands a Qing dynasty (1644-1911) stele [1]. Given uncertainty about the original function and appearance of this structure, Prof. Yang Xiaodong has suggested that labelling it an "altar" (Ch. tan 壇) may be problematic. Personal communication with Professor Yang Xiaodong, May 30, 2022. References: Chengdu wenwu kaogu yanjiusuo 成都文物考古研究所, Beijing daxue Zhongguo kaogu yanjiu zhongxin 北京大學中國考古學研究中心, and Anyue xian wenwuju 安岳縣文物局, 2013: “Sichuan Anyue xian Yuanjue dong moya shike zaoxiang diaocha baogao" 四川安岳縣圓覺洞摩崖石刻造像調查報告 in Sichuan daxue bowuguan 四川大學博物館, Sichuan daxue kaoguxue xi 四川大學考古學系, and Chengdu wenwu kaogu yanjiusuo 成都文物考古研究所 (eds) Nanfang minzu kaogu 南方民族考古 vol. 9. Beijing: Kexue chubanshe, p. 380. Lei Yuhua 雷玉华, Wang Jianping 王剑平, Lu Yinke 卢引科, Fu Chengjin 付成金, Liu Jian 刘健 and Li Chongfen 李崇峰, 2013: "Sichuan Anyue Yuanjue dong moya shike zaoxiang diaocha baogao 四川安岳县圆觉洞摩崖石刻造像调查报告" , in Nanfang Minzu Kaogu 南方民族考古 [Southern Ethonology and Archeology], 365-449, esp. p. 376. Metadata created by: Yalin Du, Sijia Li, Clara Ma, Jie Zhang.

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