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The Tomb of Khnumhotep I at Beni Hassan Mourad, Anna Latifa


The site of Beni Hassan is located approximately 20 km south of modern el-Minya, Egypt. It consists of a cemetery of rock-cut tombs that were carved across the late Third to the early Second Millennium BCE, or the late Old and Middle Kingdoms of ancient Egyptian history. A row of tombs on an upper terrace mostly features the burials of affluent individuals. They are believed to be the local ruling elite, and their families, of the 16th nome of Upper Egypt, the so-called Oryx nome. Some of their tombs have preserved remarkably detailed wall paintings representing a myriad of motifs on social, cultural, religious, and administrative activities, all of which emphasise the tomb owners' achievements, social identity, and status. One of these tombs was categorised by Nineteenth Century Egyptologists as Tomb Nr. 14, its wall scenes revealing that it belonged to a 'great overlord of the Oryx nome' who served the first pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom's Twelfth Dynasty, King Amenemhat I. This overlord was named Khnumhotep.

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