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Religion at Tell el-Dab’a (ancient Avaris) in Ancient Egypt Matic, Uros


The communities in question inhabited what was first an ancient Egyptian provincial town and, later on, the capital city of the Hyksos kingdom at Tell el-Dab'a (ancient Avaris). Over several centuries the demographics of this town changed considerably from an initial Egyptian planned settlement to a town inhabited mostly by the people of local and foreign Levantine origin. Eventually, the Egyptian government of the late Middle Kingdom lost control of its border provinces and a new state was formed in the Eastern Delta with Tell el-Dab'a (ancient Avaris) as its capital. The new rulers of the region belonged to an elite class known as the Hyksos. These men of foreign origin, judging by the names of most but certainly not all of them, ruled by taking over much of ancient Egyptian kingship ideology, titles and iconography. The location of the town, its close connections to the Middle Bronze Age Levant societies, and its rulers of foreign origin, also influenced its religious practices.

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