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Haitang Mountain(海棠山) Wang, Xiaoyang; Huang, Chenxi; Wu, Sijia; Carlton, Kelly; Zhang, Yuanjing


Haitang Mountain is located in the northern branch of Yiwulü Mountain, southeast of Fuxin City. “Haitang Mountain” is a transliteration of the Mongolian “Haitai wule”. “Haitai” means “observation platform”, and “wule” means “mountain”. According to the Records of Fuxian County, at the end of the 17th century, the reincarnate lama lCang skya led a congregation to establish the Pu'an Temple on Haitang Mountain, which was affiliated with the dGe lugs pa sect of Tibetan Buddhism. Haitang Mountain, known as “East Tibet”, is a famous mountain and important historical relic of Tibetan Buddhism in the northeast region. Large-scale cliff carvings are still preserved along the mountain path encircling Pu’an Temple. The specific time at which these cliff inscriptions and statues were carved remains disputed today. At present, the earliest record discovered among the cliff inscriptions is dated to the 8th year of Daoguang (1828). Pu'an Temple’s fourth generation reincarnation lama, Danbidaoerji (who served as abbot during the period 1794–1844), may have begun the construction of the images, which was then carried through to completion by the reincarnation lamas of the 4th, 5th and 6th generations. The images are concentrated in an area of about two square kilometers of bare granite rock. There are more than 200 statues and more than 50 inscriptions intact. While mainly consisting of esoteric statues of Tibetan Buddhism, there is also a small number of exoteric Buddha images.

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