UBC Community, Partners, and Alumni Publications

Muscular Christianity Park, Adam


A culturally and religiously diffuse movement characterized by its central concerns and practices around health, fitness, and sports. These concerns have historically taken hold when linked to the project of reinstilling lost manhood, of fixing "overcivilized" and effeminate men through right orientation to divine, gendered purpose. Aligned toward personal "instinct" and God-given knowledge of best health and fitness practices, the movement is predominantly protestant-inspired. As a means of social reform - of sanitizing sport culture from various evil influences, of offering healthy alternatives to unhealthy societal norms around diet, dress, medicine, or daily comportment - Muscular Christianity has resonated in Catholic, Jewish, and more broadly "secular" circles as well.

Item Citations and Data


Attribution 4.0 International