Roman Divination Robertson, Paul
Augury refers narrowly to officially-sanctioned divination via the flights of birds. More broadly, it can refer to divination of a variety of natural sorts, ranging from weather phenomena, to different animals, to other signs. Such divination was not predictive of future events, but rather evaluative about the gods' will. Augurs were official, elite positions in the Roman world. However, there is evidence for non-official, nonelite (but still specialized) augurs long before Roman times (Egypt, Etruscan, Greek) as well as during the height of the Empire.
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