UBC Community, Partners, and Alumni Publications

Carnegie crescent, Vol. 1, no. 3 Carnegie Community Centre (Vancouver, B.C.) Aug 31, 1981

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Vol. I. No. 3 August 1981 Liquor Store Closes By Sam Snobelin On July 1, 1981 the Main Street Liquor Store closed its doors for a six month trial period . The decision to close was the result of months of lobbying on the part of Down-town Eastside residents and merchants . In the past few years public drinking and attendant behaviour in the vicinity of the Liquor Distribution Branch store at 230 East Hastinhs had become an intolerable si tua-tion for the surrounding community . During the latter part of 1980 and the first five months of 1981, the Carnegie Volunteers Committee, along with other Downtown Eastsiders, · devoted a grea t deal of energy toward the community carrpaign to close the Main and Hastings liqor outlet. The Volunteer Committee was instrum-ental in canvassing signatures for a Petition for Action which demanded: "the immediate and permanent closure of the B.C. Liquor Distribution ·Branch Store located at 230 E. Hastings and removal of the store's commercial licence by the City" and "increased foot patrols by police officers, who have instructions to arrest anyone violating the liquor act that prohibits: drinking in a public place, having an open liquor bottle in a public place, supplying liquor to an intoxicated person, purchasing liquor for an intoxicated person , etc." T Those signing the petition demanded remedial action because of open drinking of alchohol on sidewalks, at bus shelters, in doorways of businesses, on the steps of the Carnegie Centre, in Church properties, and in parking lots and alleys in the area. The petition also voiced community concern about the frequent muggings inthe area by persons seeking money for liquor, thus making the area unsafe, esp-ecially for seniors and children. By October of 1980, the petition bore the signatures of 4000 residents, workers and supporters of the Downtown East-side area, as well as the signatures of 50 owners and manag-ers of area businesses . The Volunteers Committee sent copies of the petition to Robert Stewart, Vancouv'er C~ief of Police; Mayor Jack Volri-ch and members of City Council; Alderman Harry Rankin, chairman of City Council's Community Services Committee; and Jim Nielson, B.C. Minister of Comsumer and Corporate Affairs On December 3, 1980, Nielson sent a letter to Gill Bowman of the Carnegie Volunteers Committee which stated: 11In regard to the closure of the liqore store located at 230 E. Hastings Street, I am informed that al though tliis item has been before a committee of council on several occasions, I am not aware that a majority of council desire the closure of the store. Should such a request be received it will receiVe very careful consideration . 11 Nielson thus passed the buck Bnd declined taking any initiative in any kind of inquiry into the matter of the liquor store and the related community problem. In February of this year city council voted in favour of the Planning Committee recommendation to close the out-let for six months to allow for an "irrpact study". On May 23, 1981 (three months after city council's recommendation to close the outlet) Peter Hyndman, Nielson's successor as Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs, sponsored an early morning community meeting at the First United Church to discuss the matter of the closure and guage local residents' feelings about this. Two weeks later, at an-other early morning meeting, this time at the liquor store itself, Hyndman announced the closure of the outlet for a six month trial period. Hyndnw..nstressed that the closure is for a trial period and stated that the provincial government 1-1ill moniter the results. After six months the govrenment will conduct a full review to determine whether or not the permanent closure of the store is justified. The minister further stated that additional security personnel will be stationed at LOB stores close to Main and Hastings and that he planned a review of product listings in LDB stores in the area. The day after Hyndman announced the closure of the Main and Hastings store, the staff of the Harbour Centre liquor store in the 500 block of West Hastings placed its display of cheap local wines in a "less prominent area of the store. The inexpensive BC wines were, of course, a major attraction at the Main and Hastings store. The July 1st closure of the liquor store is obviously a most encouraging development for the Carn2gie Volunteers, and lhe Carnegie Centre in general, although most Carnegie workers, would, prefer a permanent closure . Downtown Ea~tside community workers feel that the absence of the Mai,:i and Hastings store will be an extremely positive factor in their efforts to deal with alchohol related problems and will ultimately contribute to a better self-image among area residents and workers. However, the closue of the store is only one step in the right di rec ti on. Other important measures which must be taken in dealing with «.lcoholism in general and public drinking in particular are: an efficient program at t he new detox centre which opens this yearon Great Northern Way; a crackdown on bootlegging; realistic enforcement of liquor laws in the street, beer parlours and elsewhere. The Carnegie Centre offers pr09rams which ar~ designed as an alternative to the self- destructive lifestyles too often found in the Downtown Eastside. It seems essential that the police, the area business community and the various levels of government give the Centre the greatest possible amount of co-operation if these programs are to bear fruit. CONTENTS Carnegie News ................... . 2 Strike closes Carnegie .. .. .. . ... . 3 Hard Times Festival. . .... . ... ... . 5 Poetry .. ... .. ....... ...•..... 6 & 7 1930' s Remembered ... ....... . . ... . g Nutrition • ......•....•.•. . ••.••. . 9 Carnegie Events .......... . ...... 12 Centre News LOOKING FOR I/ORK? The BEST (Basic Employment and Skill Training) course will be offered at Carnegie beginning August 31. It is an adult education program geared to the i;-=.~· ple living in the Downtown Eastside . The course, part of the King Edward Campus ' s outreach program, consis,ts of t hree subjects: academic upgrading, work orientation and personal development. The course provides skills on how to look for work and helps students make decisions about the kind of work they might like or can do. PP.rsonal development covers assertiveness, communication .and problem-solving skills. In the upgrading aspect of the course each student works at her/his own level and speed . The course also includes speCial speakers, films and tours . The objective of the course is to help people take control of their lives. Learning takes place in a supportive envi'ronment and students are responsible for their own learning. Here are some ,of the things past and present ~tudents have said about the course: "The 1:3EST program is a good way to learn what kind of training you need. It is a great way to meet people ." "I t makes you feel better, more confident, less shy, 11 • "BEST gets you s tarted, gives you a push and it' s fun too." "I learned that given the chance we could do s tuff. 11 113EST i s a door opening" BEST is open to women and men of sixteen years and over. There are no educational requirements . All that is needed is a willirigness to learn! Sponsorship. from Canada Manpower or MHR is available. If you are interested in working, going to school, not sure what you can do, then join BEST. Courses begin every 9 weeks. The next course runs from August 31 to October 23, 9.30, Monday through Friday. For more informa tion go to the East End Manpower Office or MHR .. · ANY !OEAS? "Open For Ideas" is a new program at Carnegie. It is a program about ideas--learning them, sharing them and exchanging them. The program offers a variety of educational experiences --there are classes in math, creative writing, basic English grammar and spelling and histor y . But these are just the beginning. More classes will be scheduled as soon as people request them. In addition, there is a regular series of speakers which have al ready included topics like the recent civic strike, how city council works, science, the recent census and how to trace your family tree. Planned for the future are ecology and conservation, the role of food in different cul tu res and astrology. There is a resident resource person, Linda Gr.ant, who i s available on an individual basis to help with writing letters, filling out forms, preparing for upgrading courses, establishing educational goals etc . And once a week Linda Field, a published writer and editor is "in r esidence" to give advice on creative writing: how to irrprove your work and how t o get published . All classes are FREE and do NOT requi re any regi st-ration or referral. You may join at any time any class, either on a continuing basis or as your personal time and . interest permits. Hours are: Tuesday 6pm - 9pm; Wednesday, Thursday, Friday 1pm - 5pm. NEW FACES In June , Carnegie Centre ,lost a devoted worker in a key staff position, but an out-standing replacement was found in early July . · After launching most of Carnegie's programs during its first year-and-a- half of oper-ation, Mary Ann Baxter moved to Saskatchewan on June 1. She plans to renovate an old farm house and concentrate on her favorite activity--painting . Perhars the "prairie painter" .<1ill honour us someday by holding her first exhibit in C<:! rneqie I s art gallery. r Lise Somjen On July 14, Lise Somjen picked up Mary Ann's responsib-ilities as Recreation Programm-er. She and Susan Gordon form a sbrong team that will continue to bring high quality p rogr ams into the Centre. Lise has a stronq committ-ment to community development Most recently she has assisted in the Vancouver Indian Centre and the Urban Society for Women's Resid-ences . She speaks three languages: English, French and Spanish . "I like the people and the politics of the Downtown Eastside11 , Says Lise. "There's a spirit here that I don't find in other parts of the city. 11 Her enthusiasm is welcome . Jim McDowell THANKS TO ALL THOSE I/HO CONTRIBUTED TO CHRISTMAS AND NEW YEAR'S EVENTS BY THEIR GENEROUS DONATIONS: Buckshon' s Pharmacy Hastings Used Furniture Horsemeat Store Maggies Grocery Saveway General Grocery Bina' s (Chinatown) Waldorf Hotel Restaurant Adega Restauran t lfM ffi, CARr-EGIE SUGGESTIONS AND ANSWERS Pinball games on t he second floor lfo offer as many quiet, recreation activities as we can that encourage people to do thinos together . Pin ball is too noisy and only involves one person at a time. More dances for young adults Because t he recent dance was s~ successful, we plan to have a Saturday night "teen disco" once a month. Seniors an·d young persons aren ' t mixing and it .can ' t be forced. Seniors should have two rooms on the third floor ; the second floor should be for young people . Put classrooms in the basement Three answers: (1) We want people of all ages t o mix. The whole building is a "living room that belong~ to everyone. ( 2) The Centre was opened mainl y fo r the large number of seniors who live the area. Their Aeeds must come first. We want young people to feel welcome, but they can't take over the second floor. (3) There will be no room in the basement for classrooms. That space will be needed for a wood shop and era ft area. Install a coloured t. v. in t he lounge This is ·frequently suggested-Our policy is to bring t. v. in for speci fie programs of unusual significance. For example : Stanley Cup , election results etc . I f you have suggestions for other programs , please tell the programmers in advance . If you want to watch t.v. regularly, try the 44 Club. Keep people who abuse the equipment out of the Centre and stop kids from running around in t he building In December and January both o f these problems inc reased. Our staff has done several things to encourage every-one to respect the Centre and the people in it. We welcom~ your assistance. • Everybody Out! On May 4 1981 Vancouver and nine other municipalities breathed a sigh of relief when the members-of the Canadian Union of Public Employees and the Vancouver Municipal and Regional Employees Union went back to work. For three months the two unions were out on strike and many services were cut. The garbage piied sky-high in some places and even City Hall was affected when some Vancouver .residents, outraged by the length of the strike, dumped several tons of garbage on the City steps. The Carnegie Centre wa~ one of many places considered 'non-essential' by City Council and closed by the strike. This was unfortunate to say the least. The Centre and its programs are, for many, the only alternative to drinking in the local bars or a 'shut-in I existence in the rooming houses and hotels of the area. Carnegie's programs give many a feeling of self-worth and confidence by showing them just what they are capable of accomplishing when they try. During the strike many who had stopped frequenting the bars slipped back into old habits simply because they had nowhere else to go. If svch a strike occurs again, many hope that Carnegie would be considered a non-closeable, essential service. It would be very detrimental to the area to see Carnegie closed a second time. As one Carnegie advisory Board member, Archie Myiashita put it: While "the unions must be strong to eliminate exploitation of the workers, I believe that the principle that people come first must remain paramount. 11 But from the point of view of the staff of the Centre, members of the Vancouver Municipal and Regional Employees Union (VMREU), the strike was a necessary one. As Stan Mah, Recreation Assistant said: "It was necessary in order for the workers to live decently." This opinion was backed up by Rosemary Stone, secretary at the Centre, who called the strike 11 unfortunate11 but argued that "if municipal wages had kept to those paid to workers in the private sector, there would have been no need to strike." So what were the issues behind the strike? ~~hy did it happen? · The unions took their official strike vote on January 27 of this year. Three days later the members of both unions walked -out. The dispute that sparked the strike, however, began several months earlier when negotiations between the two sides broke down. The unions were fighting to prevent proposed contro-versial changes to their present Health and Welfare Benefit Plan, and at the same time to get a better wage for their me'!°ers. The employers, on the other hand, denied alleg-ations that; they were trying to put into effect any cut-backs of benefits and felt that the unions were askinq for too much of a heal th and benefit incr.ease. · r:: City workers walk the line at the Orpheum Theatre According to Ms M8y Brown, Vancouver I s representative to _the Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD) 1 the unions were offered a two year contract agreement with a 11 revised health and welfare package" where the emplo}'ers woulO pay one hundred per cent of medical, "imporoved11 dental, group insurance and long-term sick pay benefits. Tt,e workers were expected to accept the cancellation of the sick-pay benefits to which they had previously been accustomed. Instead of the one and one quarter days of paid sick leave to which each employee was enttlitled each. rridnth, the employees would now be expected to set up a fund out of their own pockets to pay for the first two weeks of any illnesses they might have. After two weeks the municip-alities' "long-term sick pay benefits plan" would take effect . The implications of this move would have a profound impact on the working lives of civic employees. After all, few workers ever suffer from illnesses that take them off the job for more than a few days at a time. The new sick-ness plan meant that the commo.nest illnesses--colds, flu, sprains etc. --would not be coven::d by benefits. The majority, then, wereTo suffer for the sake of the few, who were unlucky enought to find themselves the victims of longer-term disabilities. The previous sick-pay benefits plan allowed each worker one and one quarter days per month of paid sick leave • Upon retirement, each worker was given his or her "accummulated sick-leave benefits11 in whatever ammount the said worker had accummulated over the years by not being sick. Thi s -benefit was used by many as a kind of retirement nest egg. Sq when the unions heard of the proposed "revised health and ' welfare package11 which would remove the 11 accumm-ulated sid~_.leave benefits0 they stepped in to prevent this happening.! Yet another issue in the strike was "equal pay for work of equal value". This means that women doing work of substantially the same value to that done by meff.would be paid equally. In practice, a highly-skilled office worker would no longer be paid at lower rates than a man performing labouring duties. The work would be seen as having equal value and would be paid equally. This demand representetl a major breakthrough for low-paid women workers in the traditional female "job ghetto" of office work. For single parents raising children on a wage .that had always been desigried as 11 pin-money1' for housewives, it meant a chance to be paid fairly for their work. At the end of three months on the bricks the unions won a partial victory. According to May Brown, the final settlement meant a 17. 22~0 increase in the first year and 14.69~0 in the second. Susan Gordon, shop steward for VMREU at Carnegie says: "The unions won their fight to keep the one and one quarter days of paid sick leave each worker was entitled to each month and the accummulated sick leave retirement package". The issue of equal pay, however, was not resolved. No doubt other unions will continue to struggle for this i"l)ortant concept and set . a preced~nt which other .employers will be obliged to follow. With the unions back at work and the Centre· reopened, a number of questions are still on the table. Although everyone agrees that the closing uf the Centre was dettimental to the, area, there are different opinions on whether Carnegie should be considered an essential service. And who really won the strike? Some say the unions, which won a substantial increase. But part-time workers, of which there are a large number at Carnegie don't think so. They gained very little by the settlement, conr.irming their suspicions that, for the GVRD, part-time workers are second-class workers. It is also true that during the strike the City saved millions of dollars in wages they didn I t have to pay. Carnegie patrons have strong ideas about the strike, as became evident when Cliff Lemire, Executive Board member of VMREU came to the Centre to lead a di,sq,,s.s1o'l). of the dispute as part of the 11 0pen f.or Ideas" speakers program. Many felt that while the union was justified in pressing for its demands, it should not have resorted to strike action to win them. Others were angered at having a Centre, designed for use by the poor of this city, closed by workers maki11g substantial wages already. By Debbie White Vo you th.lnk that Ca/megie -0hou..ed be con-6wVted an e.Me.n.ti.af -0e1tvice -in the event 06 a MJt-ike? The cmwcent wlU pu.bli!,h youJt op-uuon-6. Let the Clty and the WU:on-6 heM. youJt viw. TENANTS TAKE TO THE STREETS Housing Rights Day was held on Sunday May 31. About 300 people massed at City Hall and with their banners and signs proceeded vigorously across the Cambie Street Bridge over to the site des-ignated for B.C. Place. Buoyed by their own nuntiers and the enthusiastic respa,rlse to the cause, the demonstrators sang fervently to their destination. There, they were met by a number a f speakers who emphasised the housing problems as well as offering viable solutions to the crisis. Political figures promised whatever support they could give . Even though there was a general feeling of frust-rationon the part of the crowd due to the immensity of the problem, that soon began to dissipate as it sensed that people are fin-ally joining together in a common effort to do some-thing about it . The demonstration was organized by t he Housing Rights Coali t ion (which also organized Hosuing Crisis Week). The Coalition consists of all the various Housing agancies throughout the Lower Mainland , Its :main · objective i s to f i ght for more affordabl e housing. It will continue to organize a number of events and activities to fur ther 'expose the problem to the public . It is hoped that t hese actions will pr ompt the vari ous levels of gov-ernment to recognize the need fo r and initiate the const ruction of affordable housing. For further inform-ation on the activities of t he Housing Rights Coal-ition contact: Esther Rausenber g a t 872 8649 or Pat McClain at 873 1671. this 1$S\.l(:, of t.t.s COJ-n€::3·,~ Ci"'e5CE:.n\-Wa.S pur to~thE.r ~ thG. folio\.\Jlf\~ people.: e.drlc,r: \indG\ <jmnt. €.d 1+-or'ta.l comm, tt€:6 · !lnd<i. f1~ld I SOJY) . · Sl'\Ol:E,l1n, dEt::ibie (>.)\'i1\& P.roduchon : j rmn-. ~ S~, S~\Jhel") hryl\€wtchit-.1ndA. ~lldcl o..nd SP,_Ec.10.l t~ICSl7:> t>E:RA for1ke. use: of-+-1-\.E; ~re.c.vr,rer: TEENAGE DRINKERS KEEP DRY The 6olf.01<0tg a1ttlc..te ""4 UJ1t.i.tten by .6tuderw., a..t the Oubte.a.ch AUvt.no.li..ve School on EMt HMting.&. Ralph is a nice guy in his mid-thirties . He works at a place called "The House" as a counsellor for teenaqers with drinking problems. 11The House" is located at 8th and Cambie. It has a few quiet rooms-- it is a comfortable place with nice coloured rugs on the floor and nice couches to sit on. There are pictures and posters of different people that have been at the place. The staff serves coffee and they will give you pamphlets you can read on alcohol and druqs. ·Parents will sometimes bring their teenagers to see if they can get ·help but it depends on the teenagers them selves. There are man)I reasons why teenagers become alcoholics. ·somrtimes their parents are alcoholics. Some-times they dr ink because their friends drink and they want to get into t he crow~. Their parents might neglect them and they feel l onely so they go out and drink with their f r iends. Sometime~ t hey drink because of school problems they have. Teenagers can get into a "lot of troubl e wi t h drinking . They might do 8 & Es (br eak and entry). , shop_li fting, s~lling thei r bodies--just for money to get_ al cohol. But it isn't· just kids from poor homes who become alcbholics Teenagers from rich homes can also have t his problem. At 'The House ' t he coun-sellors will talk to teen-agers with drinking probl ems . They talk individually or in groups. Sometimes t hey use a video tape to try to help teenagerS ·understand what they have been tal king about and to see themsel ves as they are. Some teenagers will also go to a place called Mapl e Cot tage in New \1est mins t er . This is a pl ace to dry out if they want to . When t hey go in they can stay as long as they want, up to thr ee months . 'The House' can help t o a rrange for this . Adults wi th drinking problems can get hel p at :--lap le Cottage t oo . The number there is521 2611 . They can also get hel p at Pender Detox a t 59 11 , Pender, phone 668 2807. Adults with families can get hel p th rough t he Alchohol and Drug Counselling Ser vi ce : 879 5755 . CARNEGIE SENIORS Seniors now have their own day at Carnegie. Eevery Monday between 10 and 4 . On that day, other users of the Centre may only pass through the second floor .on business. This is because Seniors feel that they should have one day of the week during which they can be assured of re!Ative quietness . Many Seniors are made nervous by loud noises and the physical activity created by younger members of the Centre. The Over-40s would like to thank every-one for their co-operation in this and other matters. Other recent events which have taken place have been the purchase of a piano which will be used by the Seniors for their luncheons and banquets, and the recent elections for the Seniors Cammi t tee. The new -committee is : President--David Dueck Vice President-- Archie . Miyashita Secretary- Treasurer- -Vi Crosby Assistant Treasurer--Linda Storey Another new Seriiors activity is volleyball. The qames take place every Monday from 2 to 4pm. I f you are interested contac t David Dueck for more det ails. In addition, if you have any s uggestions for activities or projects please let the Seniors Committee know or write down your ideas and drop them in the Suggestion Box at the information desk . By Davi d Dueck IT' S FREE NEW ADVISORY BOARD ELECTED Carnegie members chose a new Advisory Board at the first Carnegie Annua l meeting held on Sunday, July 19th. Listed below are the new mem-bers. In the next issue of the Cresent we wi 11 profi l e these people whose job is to detennine Centre pol i cy . Donato Coletti: youth worker David Dueck: Carnegie Seniors President Christine Fleischman : .volunteer Henry Goldberg: Gol dberg Pl uniling Lucille Hill : Native Education Cent re Del sey Todd Hunter : volunteer Don Larson: volunteer Del ilah Martin: volunteer William Sam: Garlane Phannacy Anna Wong: DERA Chi nese Study Group David Zeb be rman (alternate fo r 0. Martin) : volunteer ATTENTION APPLI CANTS FOR SUBSIDIZED HOUS ING If you appl i ed at DERA for housing previous t o 1980 and have NOT been interviewed by the Tenant Selection Committee pl ease re-apply at First Uni ted Church or t o Anna Wong , #3 , 193 E. Hast ings between 9 a.m. and ll:30 ·a. m. Mon.-Fri. by Aug. 30 , 1981 t, DIRECTORY OF FREE SERVICES AVAILABLE IN VANCOUVER THE CLASSICAL JOINT at 231 Carrall Street in Gastown features live jazz groups, folk and blues musicians occasional ly and ~ometimes classical music . The Classical Joint is open ever y night except Monday from 8.30pm until 2. 00am with live entertainmerlt from 10 . 00pm until 1 . 00am. There is no admission charge on Tuesday and Wednesday nights , THE DUGOUT a t 59 Powell Street in Gastown dispenses free coffee at Barn Monday through Saturday and at 9am on Sundays . LEGAL AID (687 1839). The Legal Services Society pr ovi des free legal ser vices to t hose who cannot afford t o hire a lawyer for serious c r iminal offences and for all. civil cases except t hose which fall under the classification of small claims. The Legal Services Society publishes a directory which lists free legal services in British Columbia UBC LEGAL CLINIC (228 5911 ) pr ovides free l egal s ervices for those who a r e bot h unabl e to hi re a lawyer and i neligible fo r l egal ai d. Compiled by Sam Snobelin . Hard Times Festival On Saturday morning, July 4 , the sun rose on Oppenheimer Park to reveal a stage at one end al)jkiosks scattered across the park. At about Barn the park began to fill with people stringing up banners, carrying tables, putting up decorations, moving benches and making final preparations far the Hard Times Festival. Plans for this day l:legan in March when some members of the Urban Core Community Workers began meeiting to lay the groundwork for the Thi rd Annual Hard Times Festival. Permits were applied for, entertainment lined up, volunteers secured, a menu .arranged and a program decided on. As the day grew closer, details fell into place and hopes were high that the rainy weather would break and give us a sunny day. On Friday night tha park became active as groups of volunteers hammered together the s tage and covered it with a brightly covered canopy . Streams of. people carried ply-wood into the park and fitted them together into kiosks. When it grew dark Shorty, Nathan, Rod and Tony volunteered to stay up all night guarding the equipment. The police offered to make extra rounds to help ensure that nothing was destroyed. Saturday was sunny and ver y hot. Finishing touches were put on display booths as people began to arrive in the park. Emery Barnes, MLA and Bruce Eriksen, City Councillor opened the ceremonies speaking on Housing, the theme of this year's fair. Affordable housing has become a serious issue in the Downtown Eastside. With the advent of B.C. Place and Pier B.C. developers are buying up residential hotels to convert into highly priced condominiums. A display of housing in one corner of the park drew attention to existing conditions in hotels in the area. In a mock-up of a 11 typical11 room, a cockroach lay back in bed, an empty rum bottle on his stomach and a contented smile on his face. The Downtown Eastside cockroach continues to live a pretty comfortable existence. Music rolled off the stage all afternoon--Oscar and his group, Ken and Gordon, Michael and Danella, Union Gospel Singers, John Bartlett and Rika Rubesaat, Dave Ryerson and Homespun. There were as many styles and types of music as there were people wandering in the park. . ~ col~urful demonstration of square dancing by the Sw1n91ng S1ng~es, a poetry r eadinr_J by Jerome Ritcher, an auction and bingo all added to the entertainment: Particul-arly popular was the Dunk Tank where for 25¢ people got a chance to dunk friends or enemies perched above the huge barrel of water. Competition was high to be dunked since this was the best way to cool off in the heat of the day. In the evening the action moved to Dunlevy where the street dance was happening. There the winning raffle tickets for t~e colour t. v. and radio were drawn. At 10pm the music died down, banners were folded and the festival ended, The Hard Times Festival is a social event for the Downtown Eastside, a day for people to relax and enjoy themselves, But, more important, it is proo f of what can be don~ when people ~n a community get together to organize their own entertainment. Many volunteers contributed this year to make the Festival a -success. Many more will be needed next year to make the day an even bigger event. SUSAN GORDON POETRY AS I SEE IT by Percy Maddux Pe,,:cy Maddux iuv., bee.n :IJllilittg ~ow1 6 M ""'-"'! lfeaM . In :tJw., .iM.ue ,.,. pub.U.h ,\Vi • Maddux ' ~ v.iew.6 on how poei:Jt~ .i.A uvr.ltte.n, toge.th VI. w.i;th one o, h-i-6 ~oem.. Language falls into two categories: prose and poetry. The distinction lies in the fact that poetry is constructed in a metrical way. In English, metre means a specific arrangement of accented and unaccented syllables. Rhyme is not essential, ' althour:Jh most poetry has rhyme. Without metre the work is nbt poetry. It must be classed as doggerel which the dictionary defines as "a sort of loose or irregular verse11 • Verse is defined as "metrical writing". Verse and poetry, ther'efore, are synonymous. You cannot properly say that a poem is not poetry sirrply because you do not like it. If it is metrically consfrllcted it is a poem , even if it is not good. There is good poetry and bad poetry, but to be poetry at all it must be metrical. The expression "a verse" may be used to refer to a single line of poetry. It does not mean a collection of lines except in songs where it means a stanza pr~ceding the lines called the chorus. "Stanza" is the standard word used to refer t~ a group of poetry lines corresponding to a paragraph in prose. Every line of poetry consists of a number of metrical · 11 feet" of the same kind with perhaps an occasional variation Normally such a 11 foot11 will be composed of two or three syllables, one of which is strel"sed (or accented), the other or other·s uns t~essed (or unaccented). THE SHIPS THAT SAIL TO VANCOUVER These are the ships that. come to Vancouver, These are the ships of the sea; These are the ships that sail from Vancouver, But they sail without me. Over the ocean they come from far places, Bringing a cargo each day; Here in Vancouver they load a new cargo And take it away.-Strange are the men that work on these vessels --Strange, because foreign they are; Colourful, yes 1 with varied complexions That are common afar. YELLOW TOWER Ahead The golden tower rises like A golden spire ·piercing sunlight-Facaded with scalloped shells Balconies cupping people Like blossoms for warmth-A lyric is a type of poem which has a song-like quality The word comes from "lyre", as originally this type of poem was considered suitable to be recited or sung to a lyre, an ancient musical instrument. It is to be noted that this lyric is the entire poem. It is incorrect to refer to the lines of a poem or so~g as "lyrics"~ .Lines that rhyme should be of the same length except where a different length is deliberately determined for the effect. _The. same is true of ttw non-rhyming lines that correspond, 8s in blank verse • . In "free verse" the lines are of varying length and do not rhyme but they must not be so free as to not be metri"cal. If they are not metrical then you simply have prose written in lines to resemble poetry . Poetry may u~e inversions (words in inverse order) and these even occur in prose sometimes. Poetr y may use archaic words . Poetry may have imperfect rhymes at times (an irr-,:,erfect rhyme is not actually an incorrect rhyme). Printed poetry should be punctuated. There is such a thing as poetic licence so do not always take poetry specifically at its word: a poem is _something less than prose or life and at the same time something more. In serious poetry we try to give the language expression somewhat rerooved from the banality of everyday existence. When prose sounds like this we call it poetic but is is·,still not poetry. Some poetry sounds like prose but this does not mean that we should strive to write poetry as though it were prose. While some poetry is didactic (instructive), mostly poetry is to set a mood, to create an atmosphere, not to teach a moral , not to contain some vital social. message. Nor should it simply be words on paper--it should be intelligible. These are the ships that come to Vancouver, Finding a welcome that's true; These are the ships that go hence from Vancouver When their business is throuqh. Now in Vancouver you see peop~e gather On the docks to gaze at the sight; That is the way I often have found them Until far in the night. Oo may they come and depart in their season, Silently slipping away: These are the ships that come to Vancouver, But they come not to stay. Percy Maddux Others' faded flowe"i-s hoping For re-growth-Ali-facing the city's vista full of thriving life-Glancing down at others Strolling through life's Wilderness The avenue curves downwards lined with glowing la~posts Often shrouded with mist Evening falls The Tower Embraces the rooon and softly Prays to Venus The Tower Withdraws its' Showers of stars Flower petals Into catacombs full of forgotten Treasures, Love, Memories and Lost Hoj:,es But Leading to havens of fear Often loneliness-Pyramids Some with unfound openings One-An unfailing ritual enters into the Avenue pausing b)' one larrppost Glancing upwards Towards An aging face framed by golden drapes A candle in a shrine Full of beauty and devotion Later On l eaving Waves and kisses Flow upwards To secluded beauty The Moon Venus And one lamppost Gerald Goranson I I I I I/ . Why should~e cam ,/ EMPTY NOWHERE 51.rrp~y because we woke Too many questions• up '(JJ. th the answer and we' re looking for the questions. What if all the spot-lights went off would I be able to see the darkness, or would it just be my mind trying to picture the absence ·of br.ilJ~ance. EAST SIDE CENSUS Everything• s on the sidewalk In Chinese sunshine And · the vacant lots Are fl.:11 of cardboard beds Chuano Tzu keeps His bickyard garden And Chinese schoolkids Wearing track suits Carry expensive cameras everywhere Riding ten speed bikes Welfare Day celebration Wai ting in rooms Full of the people Saying hello once a month Encountering comedy And spontaneous street dance Slightly drl:Jnk Sixt~en year old roothers Carrying babies and Wild animal kids with All the original magic And all the changes And all the crazy suffering And all the government forms You fill in only because You got born so~ewhere Even if you hardly can Remember your name Tora FOR SARAH My love is in hospital scavenging three meals a day and a room. stuff There are seven ships in the harbour but she is 'not here. Who spoke the words that told her she must leave this city? Who stood on tiptoe and denied her the right to b~ sane? My love is in hospital. There are no rooms in this city small enough or large enough to accpmmgdate her. What can you see through the looking glass? The inside path of a breakthrough, a crack , has interrupted my visions. Hello my friend, lets be true ---=---=---===~~==== and live reality as it should be. My mind is waiting fa:[' •11LOVE11 Here i am ·sitting on the floor in front. of me stand ·three doors why is ·the middle one opened •• is it waiting --- the answer, but someone has already stepped in for me to enter the room it exposes. Or is it just letting in, the air •. . •• why not stand up all these pictures on and empty my feelings / the wa~l really meant into the garbage can, 'Something, why would it might not even be they '.JUST BE THERE willing to accept. , STARING AT ME , Maybe i should just Meaningless• strokes wrap myself with them until the world comes to an end. came here one day, to fill up these blank walls . or; maybe they really do mean something after all. FOR MY FATHER HOW CLOSE CAN ONE COME TO SOMETHING OR SOME ONE, REALLY ALL one has to do is get-i~to-i t. When my father died I saw him sitting by a pool in the mountains looking half his age and looking directly at me. 1A deer came to the pool -fie stood and followed the deer into the trees. And I, travelling by car - north of San Francisco fade.d fr~m his dreams. for the world includes every one living or dying . \ '- ~ Love is the most  pi..-erful source of energy man has ever had. Lets keep it that way . · \ \ \ \ ~· (The above was an anonymous piece of writing : left on a table at the Carnegie Centre) 1930rs Remembered In :tJw., -i-61.>ue 06 the C1te1.>cent we p1te1.>ent the 6,l,u,t pMt 06 an ~ntMv~w wi.th NORMAN WILES, a fong-t-ime ltel.>~dent 06 the Downtown EaAtl.>~de. In the 6,/,,u,t ~taUment M1t. Wile1.> }[eco.Uec.t.6 h-i./2 adve.nt:wi.u i.n Va.ncouvVL -in the. 19 30,t;,. M,t. Wilel.> U.IU ~ntM v~ewed by CM oi!. I ttM. The ex-premier of 8.C., his dad was a helluva fine man·, 5~m Barrett. He used to operate a pushcart fruit stand in front of the Pennsylvania Hotel, the biggest shiniest apples I'd ever seen in my li Fe. Perhaps I was at a very impressionable age then, that might account for the brightness• and the shininess of the apples. He must have spent all night polishing his produce. Bananas, apples, oranges, cherries, you name it, he sold it and if you didn't have a nic~1<.· for an apple, the old geei.er would shove one at you. Typical Hebrew and I love those Hebrews, I really do. Every day he held onto that corner because if he moved away for a day, all the seagulls would have been in there, you know what I meal) by seagulls, the scavengers, would have been there trying to take his place. Kitty corner from the Pennsylvania where what is now known as Pigeon Park, there was a taxi stand. Slim Dempster owned it and ran a Daimler Straight 8 which was a luxury car in those days. He had 3 Moon cars, they're long gone now. Funny how those big conglomerates absorb the small ones. This Central taxi was located directly opposite the old 8.C. Electric Tram Station (Now the Bank of Montreal) and it used to run to Richmond, Lulu Island, Westminster and Eburne. I owned a three car stand at Smith and Granville I bought into the cabs in 1934 when I came down from Barkerville. It was kitty co2ner from the Aristocrat. I ran Hudson (Essex) Terraplanes . My cab stand was used three times for , holdups. First time one of the Grant boys, they were hard rocks, really hard and I knew them and they hired my cab one night to go to New Westminster. So I took the Grandview Highway 'cause there was very little traffic on it at 3 o'clock in the morning and they wanted to get there fast. Evidently they were on the run or something so I pretended I didn 1 t know because I didn't want to get involved in any of their shenanigans. They said 11 How fast will this godamned Terraplane go? They' re supposed to be really something, aren't they?" !said, "They~ something." So I stepped on it, eighty miles an hour we rolled it up to and I could feel them scrunching on their seats and I could feel their feet pushing up against the back of the front seat so I eased it up. They said, 11 \~he1.,., boy, thanks. Don't prove it any more, we know it's fast." So I took them to New Westminster, got paid off and they gave me a buck tip. I 111 never forget. That was a helluva-sized tip in those days. I came back having dropped them off and wondered 1..-here they'd made their score, which one they were going to hit in Westminster, I've always been a nosey bastard, curious as hell, but my curiosity ceased to exist at the point of dropping them off cause I didn 1-t care to get involved. +They were heavy, really heavy, heavy. Now Hudson T erraplanes were just new on' the market and they were without a doubt the fastest getaway car in town . They sold for $1400 if you can imagine that and they 1..-eighed 15 or 16 hundred pounds, that 1 s all. This guy piJOnes up one night and says 11 \~hat kind of cabs do you have, what ' s the make of them?" So I said, "Hudson Terraplanes 11 • Good. Send one down to such and such an · address in the Nest End. n So I did, I sent my driver, Jack Beaton on this trip. You didn't send any driver, they rotated, took turns. They had sawed-off shotguns in a carry-all, a plumber's or carpenter's carpetbag arrangement, you know. So Jack Beaton thought here I s a couple of crooks in the back, as they were assembling their shotguns. Told him to pull in and he pulled in and by this time he's afraid there's somethin(J up. If you had a bit of moxey, it didn ' t take too much to figure the score out! They 1 d drove down to the West End, given him an address, they'd already spotted this empty garage . So t_hey asked him t o get out of the car and told him to lay down on the concrete floor, bound him up very securely. One of the fellows said, "Oh, we should dispose of thi,s bastard Nornian Wiles today right now. 11 So Jack began to feel quite concerned . Another said, 11 No, just rock the bastard on the head . 11 He figured he was going to get his chin or nose crunched into the concrete so he lifts his head. They felt a certain <>.mmount of sympathy for him and said "Oh the hell with it, leave him there, he can 't do nothing. 11 About two or three hours later I got a call from Jack Beaton, he hadn't reported in or phoned me or anything, I was beginning to worry a little about him. He was the most honest cab driver I'd ever seen in my life. I said, 11 Where the hell have you been, Jack?" 11 Dh", he says, "I've been held up, Norman, they took the car. " ... So I 1 ve got to call the cops to protect myself because the insurance wont pay me off or anything else if I don't ask for help from the police That's . the way this town's run. Even if you get defrauded on welfare or anything else, you can't take matters into your own hands, you gotta go to the cop. shop because if yo~_ try to claim you were robbed, they ' 11 say, 11 Did you report it to the police?" If you say no, they say "Why?" and you can ' t tell them you' re not a cop hollerer, because most of those square johns are. . So Jack finally got a little brave and scrunchei::l hfS way over to the wall and started battering the sides of t he garage with his feet. And the man heard the racket and went out and he untied Jack and allowed him to use his phone to contact the police and me. Me, like a silly fool, I said to him on the phone, after the fuzz· paid a call and took him down and every god damned prowl call in town was called into headquarters to interview Jack to get a description, so he's phoning in from the cop shop by now, I said, "Now Jack, you be careful of what you say." And they claim those phones aren 1 t bugged in that joint--they are, don't worry. Within an hour, I had a dozen squad cars around my office! And what an interrogation they put me through. 11 What did you mean when you told the driver to be careful of what he said? 11 I said".'1erely because I didn't want to elaborate or pull any punches and to tell the honest truth." So they believed me ev~def").tly. That l'{BS that caper ... Then this Green Parrot deal, that came up some time l a ter. Carl Peterson died an alcoholic death, oh, a year or two ago. He worked for me as long a time as Jack Beaton did, 3 or 4 years, and I never once suspected him of being a lush. He was a helluva converted alcoholic, I mean a practicing alcoholic , but I thought he was the most honest Christian-Ii ving man there could be and here he was all the time an a l coholic and I wasn 't aware of it. I give him credit for it, he never drank on the job. But this night a call ·came in going to the Crystal Dairy at Second and Commer cial. It's a big fruit and vegetable ma rket now but they used to have a big modern counter in there, mal ted milks , ice cream, sundaes , everything. Somthing like Dairyland now, but much vaster in size . So I sent Carl Peterson on this job. He went down and picked up these two individuals and they took Carl to a couple of bootleggirlg joints first. He got half-corned on wine so he'd have enough intestinal fortitude to go through with it because he wasn't .a bandit in any way, shape or form, He was chicken in other words. They told him where to drive, up 2nd Avenue towards Commercial and just as they got four or five car lengths from the corner they said, "Okay. Park here and wait fo r us . 11 He heard the clicking of attaching shotguns but it didn't Uawn on him, he was a square john, He didn ' t know what a rifle sounded like . continue.don n t kt po-qt cont1n.i.Jed froM p~v10\JS ~ He parked and he wai t.ed a few minutes and they came back, running out around the corner and jumped in the back seat and said '1Take off, turkey. 11 And he took off fast 'cause he's aware of what I s going on even though he I s half sloshed! So he came back to the stand and said, 11 Gee whiz, \Jarman, I've just been used for a getaway car, a get-to and a get-away car in a robbery! 11 I said'1Who was it?" He said he recognized one. And he described him and I nailed him right away, this Green Parrot' ,s son. I t~ought jeez, that's heavy, they used shotguns. So these two J erkers had wa~ked into the Crystal Dairy, they had very light summer top-coats on, whipped out the sawed-off shotguns, laid them across the counter and pointed them at these two young female waitresses. They were scared !:o death, wouldn't you be? Two rough looking characters! Took all the money Which ammounted to 300 bucks which wasn't too bad for that time. So I says to Carl, 11 You gotta phone the fuzz, you gotta report it.'1 I didn't know whether they'd got the licence plate number or whatever. I wasn't going to shove my neck out for those turkeys, I've always been against robbery with violence. I don 1 t condone it, I don't believe in it. Again they called in all the squad cars from around and all over town, all you could see was Model A's running to the cop shop. The cop shop was actually on Cordova Street then, behind the Empress Hotel. They took Carl in, and this one who was the heaviest dick in this town came up and paid me a personal visit. He said, 11 Norman, what do you know about this caper? 11 I said, 11 Nothing, absolutely nothing." "Come on, Norm, get away from it 11 and they lay· out like they were gonna back hand me, just like the elevator shot they used to give you. 11 We got your driver down at the shop. He aided and abetted in a hold-up." I said "Carl Petersen You must be ma::I , he wouldn't do a thing like that.'' uwell, he's going to be charged." I said, "How can you charge Carl? Let the poor guy go, he's a married man with three children, he's the most depend-able man I've ever had work for me. 11 So they wanted me to dig out my time sheet which tells where people are picked up and their destination, and I'd logged precisely what'd happened. Somewhere on Comox or Pen-drell Street, I can't recall the number now, one of those streets off the beaten track. They kept Carl down there a long time, waiting to identify any of the suspects that did the job--the same procedure they'd used on Jack Barton. So finally he comes back looking very ragged and sorrowful, the wine's worn off by this time, of course, maybe the fright did it, I don't know. Well, I suppose I'm fir:ed Norman. 11 I said, "What makes you think that, Carl? 11 11 \~ell I got a little sloshed and ·into a bit of difficulty.'' I said, 11 You've never been in deeper difficulty in your life. That isn't difficulty, you're gonna catch hell for several days, m@ybe a few weeks." Fortunately they caught the young chaps soon after on another score. This time they stole a car; decided to use their own gettaway vehicle! --TO BE CONTINUED IN NEXT ISSUE 1. Moon Motor Car Company, among other things, distributed the Ruxton, America's first front-wheeled drive car. Some styles were painted completely in a rainbow color-band motif. 2. The 1932 Hudson had 101 hp at 3600 rpms, 85-90 mph, 14 new models with new pastel upholstery colors and fittings in ivory and silver finish. The 1933 Hudson was little more than an Essex-Terraplane with a new name. RENO NITES In Re.no N-ltu, Pa1tt One.', owr. hvw Jill :to Reno, -thax. c,Uy 06 1.>-i.n :to the 1.>ou.th. LUll.e.d o>W>:Vtd by meclumlca.l motv.1.tvw w-l:th uu,aua.b.f.e appeute/2 he e.nt:eJl.-6 a. "gaming he.tt". Thvr.e. he. d-Uc.ove!t-6 -bc.e.ne./2 06 unb~-i.dted 6~enzy ! ! ! Now ~ead on!, He was a cool cat. After a few rounds he left the table. In an hour of play I only lost sixty dollars. That was enough for the time being. Oh yes! I forgot one feature. If you wanted a drink you asked the dealer. She'd just say 11 cocktails11 , and a waitress would ask you what kind you wanted. A bl.oody mary, whiskey and soda, ginger ale, or whatever you preferred. If you were a winner you might place a five dollar chip on her tray. These cock-tail girls are really something. With their long legs and short, short dresses they' re enough to stir an old man's blood, let alone a young man's. Oh well! To hell with it. I decided to retire. My watch said midnight. There's always another day and 1 had nearly eleven hundred dollars in my wallet. The next morning I awoke as usual ·and _the sun was shining and I 'd had a good sleep. Dressing, I looked around the room. It contained everything a man would want, in the line of accommodation. Not bad at all, I thought. Locking my door, I took the elevato0r to the lobby floor. Some people were playing the one-arm bandits. I wentover to the 11 Cal-Neva 1' for my breakfast and proffered one of my free gift slips from my fun-book. Of course there's a tax on food and 1 paid forty-Five cents for sausages and . eggs, fried potatoes, toast, coffee and marmalade. Not a bad deal. 0 f course you can leave a tip for the one who served you. That's almost obligatory. I had another free Cal-Neva slip in my fun-book for breakfast next day. Feeling at peace with all and sundry, I arrived back at the hotel, the 11 Pioneer". Before entering, I saw a colored boy standing in an alcove. At his feet were five or six chocolate bar wrappers and his jaws were grinding away indust-riously. Well, it takes all kinds to make a world. I fished in my pocket for some· change. Entering the casino, I watched one motherly-100\i(.1~1~ m~tron. She was playing no[ one, not two, but three one-arm bandits. I stood there, slightly entranced by her desire to hit a jack-pot. A fantastic idea struck me. Baby oh boy! What a time a trained octopus could have in a joint like this. I made known to her my flight into fantasy and, if looks could kill, well, I wouldn't be writing thi.s l,ittle escapade of mine. back· in tne one-arm bandit." Hope springs eternal I decided to press my and one can dream. After luck and went over to the three days of trying to make Sundowner where some of our expenses, I found that I had party were staying. P.'.cking two hundred and fifty dollars out a dollar machine, I left, out of eleven hundred started to feed it. With the and fifty. One doesn't cry second three dollars I hit a, over spilt milk and I hundred-dollar jack-pot. wouldn't bemoan my bad luck. Changing the coins for To hell with it. That I s just c1nother hundred-dollar bill, how I felt. As Robbie Burns I came back to the same would have said: "The plans machine. It gulped another of mice anrl men ganq aft awry". three dollars. No dice. On .the last· daY ot our Another three dollars and stay in Reno, I awoke to the same result. Three more another fine, cloudless 'dollars and the three bars day. Had I been dreaming? came up and out poured No. I counted my money another hundred. again and it was only too My next target was the true. I asked myself the Sands Hotel. Believe it or question: "Should I try not, I caught two more one-again to recoup my loss? 11 hundred dollar jack-pots. With this thought I took the Of course I was elated at elevator down to the lobby. the sudden change of fortune, Standing in front of one When 1 boarded machine, I fed it three the plane I had nearly dollars and pulled the eleven hundred dollars in lever. Nothing happened. my wallet. Ah _yes! Dame Another three dollars, same Fortune is a_ fickle filly. result. Another three doll- -You take her for better or ars and, wonder of wonders, I hit a three-hundred dollar jack-pot. The receptacle holding the money overflowed and spilled out onto the floor. I had lined up three sevens on the bandit. The coins were changed for three, crisp one-hundred dollar bills and I felt a little better. . I thought to myself, "Be careful, Joe. You leave Reno tonight, so don't put it worse. I 've been at the horse-races with the under-. standable desire to win a bundle. One day I'd lose a hundred bucks but I'd be lucky the next day and only lose fifty. So, that's how it goes. Maybe, just maybe, I might win a bundle, but I'd better hurry because something is catching up to me. And it's inevitable. 10 VITAMINS AND YOUR HEALTH BY KAREN MOXHAM If you believed everything you could read these days about vitamin supplements, you'd find cure!::i for just about everything except pregnancy and death . Out of the ashes of the heav y meat and potatoes 'dinner rose the phoenix of the vi tamin bottle. And once again t he susceptibl e are the. poor , the old and the weak of will. Unfortunately the loud-est voice in the din is not that a f common sense. It is that of the marketing cofll)anies with promises of ceaseless energy I calm nerves 'and irrpeccabl e skin and sex life. It's the 11pop-a-pill11 syndrome under the guise of heal th foods. Faced with all these con fusing messages, it's sinr,ler t o remember this: an ordinary balanced diet will provide you wi th the vitamins you need, with onl y a couple of exceptions (discussed below) . Your diet should include daily: two servings of meat or protein substitute; two servings of dairy products (not including butter); three to six servings of breads or cereals and three to five servings of fruit and vegetables, including one vitamin C source and one leafy vege-table •. .THE VITAMINS \litamin 1 a definition The word was first coined in 1912 by a Polish chemist working on a cure for beriberi. Later it became the description of a group of compeuo ~ of known chemical nature occuring in minute quantities in foods. Each vitamin has speci fie functions arid cannot substit-uted for another. They can be most easily divided into two types: water soluble, such as the B vitamins (Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, B-6, 8-12, Folacin, Pantothemic Acid, Biotin , Choline) and Vitamin C; and fo.C solubl e, such as Vi t amins A, D, E, and K. Water soluble vitamins are cal'ried by the blcod throughout the body and absorbed where needed. But any excess is washed out in the urine and not stored . This means you can't l oad up on high doses and forget about them for a week. It's literally money down the drain. Fat soluble vitamins serve different purposes and are resistant to waterso that they concentrate in the fatty· tissues of the body. However, unlike water-solubles,. these NUTRITION vitamins (A ,D ,E and K) are stored i n the body and excess consuOl)tion can be truly dangerous. Toxic levels are rarely reached through food consumption. An unusual exalll>le is t hat of Arctic explorers who , after losing their food supplies, relied on dog meat and died from the high vitamin A level in Husky meat, especially the liver. But those of us who eat a mor e dtified diet can exist satisfactorily for many days without consuming these vitamins due to body storage after a normal diet. THE VITAMI NS Thiamin or B-1 is needed for the metabolism of carbohyd-rates and to be used for energy. Consumption should never go below 1 . 0mg and not above 4 .0mg . Alcoholics a re likely candidates for thiamin deficiency as alcohol interferes wi th the absorbtion of the B vitamins llll,)ortant sources of B are: whole g rain and enriched breads , cereals and flours; organ meats {like liver, kidney, heart etc . ); other meats, poultry and fish; legumes (peas and beans); nuts; milk; green vegetables; brewer ' s yeast; wheat germ; rice and bran. Thiamin has been called the 11 morale vitamin" as mild deficiencies reduce your stamina and can contribute to depression, irritability and lack of concentration. How do you feel when you have a hang-over? Roboflavin o r B-2 i s needed for the metabolism of proteins and was once called Vitamin G until recognized as part of the B group. Along with B-1, it is neccessary for energy release and many other reactions promot.i.ng the body's growth and repair. Riboflavin is found prim-arily in milk and milk products . Organ meat s, fish, whole grains and rice, enriched bread and broccoli are othersour ces . Exposure of milk to- sunlight lowers the content of light-sensitive riboflavin which is one of the reasons why milk is now sold in cartons . A diet thB;t supplies two cups of milk and a serving of meat daily is not likely to be short of the reccomm-ended a llowance of 1. 6mg for males and 1. 2mg for females per day. Niacin or B-3 acts in c l ose association with B-1 and B-2 involving the release of energy from carbohydrates, fats and proteins. If it is lacking , the cells ' energy reactions are completely blocked and can resul t in tissue damage throughout the body, especiall y the skin, intestines and nervous tissues . In the early part of this cent4ry, ' pellagra' , the niacin deficiency disease , was a major cause of mental illness and death in the Southern U.S. and Mexico where diets are low in whole grains , meats and where nutri tional knowledge is poor . In fact, B-3 was only discovered in the 1930s and deficiencies have since grea tly decreased. Theories have occasionally surfaced naming niacin as a therapy for schizophrenia, but to date t here ' s no substantial proof. So if your probl em is insanity, don ' t waste your money on niacin suppl ements . Though difficult to determine, as niacin r equirements vary with calorie intake, the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) is 18mg for men and 13mg fo r women. Poultry, meat and fish are high in niacin as are tofu, soy-beans, peanuts, peanut butter ·and legumes. However, one 9f the forms of protein which we consume, called tryptophan, can be conver-ted to niacin internally, which makes figuring out how much you' re getting a little confusing. Though it may appear so, there is no connection between nictonTc acid, the other name for B- 2, and the nicotine found in tobacco. Pyrodoxine or B-6 (also pyrodoxal, pyrodoxamine) plays many important roles in the body, but it part-icularly stars in protein metabolism. Here it it is essential for burning protein for energy ne<>ded formuecle tissues. B-6 a l so assists in the conversion of tryptophan t o niacin , mentioned above . Persons being treated for tuber-culosis with a drug called isonicotinic acid hydroxide (INH ) must al so be given supplement s of B-6 or suffer a deficiency. Certain types of birth control pills . will increase the need for B-6 . It has been shown that a supplement of 50mg per day will <:.liminate some of the pills' side effects, like jepression . The increased need cannot usually be supplied by diet aione. The normaladul t RDA is 2mg and can be found p rimarily in whole grains , liver , kidneys, ham, brown rice, soybeans , corn, spinach, banana and legumes. With the excBptions, above, B- 6 deficiency is not common . (To be continued next issue) HERBS AND YOUR ZODIAC SIGN OY ALBERTA \'/ALTERS ARIES ( April) cacti, garlic, hops, mustard, nettle, onion, peppers, radish, rosemary, betony, lichens. TAURUS ( May) lavage, mushrooms. GEMINI ( June) mosses, tansy, gi psy herb, vervain CANCER (July) ~ucumber , lettuce, melons, rushes, waterplants, water lilies, agrimony, alder, lemon balm, honeysuckle, hyssop, jasmine LEO (August ) camomile, celandine, Europ-ean angelica, eyebright, marigold, orange, rue, saffron, borage, bugloss, peony , poppy VIRGO (September) cereal plants: barley, oats, I'ye, wheat, grasses, sedge LIBRA (October) apple, cherry, primrose, s trawberr y, white rose, violet SCORPIO (November) calla lilies, basil, bramble wormwood , palms SAGI TT ARIUS (December ) Trees with catkins, oak, beech , elm, mallows. CAPRICORN (Januar y) Comfrey , cypress AQUARIUS (February ) frankincense, myrrh PISCES (March) algae, seaweed and water mosses. The Ca1rneg~e Cenbte .i./2 one Y"-"" o-fd ! Tha-t wou-fd have been the he.a.dli.ne ~6 the c~v~c wMkeM' -0bt~e had not delayed the publication 06 th.i./2 ™ue 06 the CltMcent 4 Oil -0evvuu'. mo~. But d'-0 nevvi too late to -0<UJ Happy B.<.Jtthday. So ~ th.i./2 ™ue we pubwh two v~= 06 Ca1rneg~e--one-and-a-hal6 y~ .eatvi. Officially begun on March 9, 1902 with a grant of $50,000 from Andrew Carnegie, the bulding at 401 Main Street was Vancouver's public library until 1957. For almost the next eleven years it was Vancouver's Museum until 196~, the opening date of the McMillan Museum and Planetarium co~lex For the next ten years the building was boarded up, until reconstruction began, culminating with the opening of the present centre on Sunday, January 20, 1980. . Auspiciously located at the corner of Hastings and Main, the Centre now serves a host of commun~ty functions. Open every day of the week, the Centre contains a theatre, gyrrnasium, billiards room, library, classrooms and many other facilities. May I say that I am actually associated with the Centre myself, in-as-much as I am engaged in volunteer work here, therefore I have a bird's eye view. Having lived in this area for roughly two years, I am thoroughly faniiliar with the needs and wants of the people of this area. Therefore, the foregoing commentary represents the opinions of the author and tends to be biased. Let me say that I believe that the Centre is doing an excellent jnb and serving in a much-needed capacity. However, being in its infancy, it needs to grow capaciously. · The effective use of the centre will depend on three things: citizen participation, outside activities and funding, albeit the third requirement being a direct function of the first and second areas. The other night I was at a volunteer meeting and someone said that some facilities· at the Centre were not being used too much, This was news to me; I was here the other day and the place was filled to capacity, on a week-day. There may be some facilities which are slow, or there may be slow days, as anywhere else. I personally have spent many hourswhen broke walking the streets around here looking for a place to go. How many people are able to find a respite here? The aged and infirm, small children, people of varied nationalities and ethnic groups? I noticed the other day that there is a senior citizens' group one day per week among other activities. If this is ·not participation, what is? Which leads me around to my second criteria for success--outside activities, i.e. programs which are brin9ing in people. I mean programs which will reach out to the people and not vice versa. Some programs have been started. Many are in the formative stages .. - People of this area can find immense help here. Many are afraid of the trappings of a cloistered institution. I have noticed posters in the hall regarding nutrition and courses planned in that field. Many 'people do not have the faintest idea what a balanced diet is in this area. 11 CARNEGIE ONE YEAR LATER On Jabuary 20, 1980 the Carnegie Centre officially opened as a multi-use facility for people who live and work in Dowtown Eastside Vancouver. The Centre containsa library_, reading room and provides space for a variety of cultural, recreational and educational programs, The Centre has offered dances, films, craft classes, English and ChinesElanguage classes and tutoring i~ basic education. Library books in English, French and C~1nese are available as well as a collection of large print books for those with eyesight problems. The Centre has also featured such community interest programs as the Citizens' . Rights Series which offered infor~a~ion p7r~aining to housing rights, , urc, probation, civic politics and other related topics. Currently featured at Carnegie is a µrogram entitled "Open For Ideas11 which offers classes in creative writing, history, job hunting skills and virtually any topic that Carnegie patrons show an interest in, if a suitable tutor is available·. In a Carnegie Crescent interview, Carnegie Director Jim McDowell outlined some basic objectives that he and the Carnegie staff have pursued. "One of my biggest priorities is the creation of an advisory board which has more autonomy and increased influence in the Centre's affairs. An advisory board of this nature is close to completion and I expect the issue to come before city council in the near future", he said. 11flffering residents solid programs that are interesting enough to attract approximately 1000 people per day to the Centre is also a high-priority objective" stated Mr McDowell Further, McDowell has worked toward building a staff, more and more of whcin live. in the neighbourhood and who are committed to running a Centre that serves Downtown Eastside residents. BY SAM SNOBELEN This is only one facet of this institution, al though I try to avoid the word institution. It sounds uninviting to some of the peeple around here. There is . also drug· and slcohol counselling. All of these programs are close to the needs of people. There are even courses for writers planned. I may participate myself. It would seem that the gist and substance of this story revolves around the fact that the future of the Centre depends upon the involvement of the people. Well it does. Being a member of the volunteer committee, I may very well be biased. However, it seems to me that many people are willing to put in quite a bit of effort into thi~ Centre to' make it a success. The future be_1ng an extrapolation of the past I · know the centre itself only came into existence as a re~ult of the efforts of people before. Many contributed their time and efforts without reward. Many went un-recog-nized. Some Will continue to do so. Without the efforts of these people, Carnegie Centre would never have come into being Pursuing the same theme, there are people willing to putt heint ime and energy into making the centr7 a success. The reason being: we like this place. We want 1t here •. Therefore the success of Carnegie being a direct function of the enthusiasm of the people, it should be a success. A few paragraphs back, I said that the ~entre. must be able to grow capaciously. Yes, it does cont~in an immense potential. I can see that now, and more so in the future. It will fill a huge vacuuro left to this segment of the community. Programs can go far afield. I would like t~ see arrangemd...s for picnics in the park annually, hard b.mes dances and other get-togethers for lonely people and new residents. Having established the ways and the ends, we ~st now seek out the means. Which brings me around to my third criteria for success: money. I know that the Centre is operating on a limited budget and that some programs a~e limited, This can be remedied in the future. However, it. will take time and work to develop these ends. I would like to see some money-making enterprises begun, at least to a degree. . In summation, Carnegie Centre now and in the future depends on three things, participation, programs and the backing of the community at large. In this early -~tage a great deal remains to be done. A great challenge is at hand and a great reward, The citizens of this community are equal to and greater than the task. Therefore I am grateful. I can say I was there at the beginning. BY ROBERT R. RICH 12 CARNEGIE EVENTS SPORTS AND EXERCI SE CAMPI NG TRIPS FDR YOUNG AND OLD See Jimmy or Stan · for details . BASKETBALL Monday 7 - 9. JOpm NOON HOUR FITNESS Tuesday and Thursday 12.10 -12 . 50 Keep-fit with Karen. In the gym VOLLEYBALL I n the gym Wednesday and Sunday 6.30-9pm YOGA Satu rday 2-4pm $2 per session . I nstructor Martti Ahonen . Classroom 1/3 ARTS & CRAFTS TEEN POTTERY Tuesday 3-Spm Learn t o throw potte r y on a wheel. Cl assroom /t1 SILKSCREEN Classroom #1 POTTERY Classroom #1 QUIL TMAKING Classroom 111 Thursday 7-9pm Saturday 11-1pRl Sunday 1pm EDUCATION OPEN FOR IDEAS Classes in a variety of subjects of general interest. Individual tuition for general upgrading and pre-entry into credit courses. Assistance in determining educational goals. Drop into Classroom /12 Tuesday 6-10pm, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday 1-Spm. Ask for Linda Gr~nt. MATHEMATICS : Advanced and Beginners Tuesday 7pm CREATIVE WRITING Wednesay 2pm SOCI AL EVENTS BINGO Wednesday 7 - 10pm E_a.rl y Bird - $1. I card for 15 games - $1. Thr owaways -50¢. Ex t ra cards 50¢ . In t he theatre . MOTHERS ' GROUP Monday 7 - 9pm A chance for mot.hers, kids and expectant womeo t o ge t together , play, see films and plan t r ips . Husbands and boyfriends wel come. Classroom #3 CABARET NI GHT Tuesday 7 - 10pm Fun and enter tainment. Oscar hosts t he show wi t h feature artists and i nvites anyone t o pl ay o r sing during open mike time. Food and coffee available. In t he theatre. t"ONllAY VAN TRIP FOR YOUNG PEOPLE See Gill for details. AA MEETI NGS Cl ass r oom #3 Sunday 4 - 5pm SENIORS SENIORS DAY ON SECOND FLOOR Monday 10 - 4pm Members over 40 are invited to ma ke us e of a quiet day for pool tournaments , t;Jri.ercising and games . MUSIC IN ACTION TUesday 1 - 2pm Join Stephen and Jeremie and make mus ic. Seniors Lounge. VAN TRIPS FOR SENIORS Thursday 2pm Gill is your host on exciting trips to spots of interest in Vancouver. Any ideas for places to go? Tell Gill. Meet in Seniors Lounge. SUNDAY BREAKFAST Sunday 10.30am Cost $1 • Delicious menus from blueberry pancakes to cheese omelettes. SENIORS MEETING Sunday 2pm Everyone welcome to our over-40 CJroup. Plan social events and participate in decisions that affect you __ . · Cla_ssroo_m #2. , FILM SERIES .QUEBEC FILMS Lundi 7 hres Des films de Quebec sur sujets varies poor les Franco-phones. Lounge L.earn techniques of writing: poetry, stories, novels, plays. CANTONESE FILMS In the lounge Friday 12 noon ENGLISH GRAMMAR Wednesday 4pm lf!!Prove writing skills. THURSDAY BACKGROUNDERS Thursday 2pm A regular se_ries of films and speakers on topics of general interes t--environmen~, politics, science, music, art etc. HISTORY Friday 2p1Tl Learn t:J,1;:: . history of the world! WRITER IN RESIDENCE Friday 1-Spm Linda Field, published writer and editor will advise on your writing. Bring stories, poems, works in progress etc. BEST Basic Education and Skill Training. Ten week course for work orientation and general up-grading. Begins August 31. See Canada Manpower, MHR or· VCC King Edward Campus for referrals and more information. (You must be sponsored through M~_npower or- MHR ) . --HUMAN ISSUES FILM SERIES Wednesday 8pm Thought-provoking films and discussions on social issues of particular interest to residents of the Downtown Eastside. Second Floor. FEATURE FILMS Friday 3pm ( for seniors ) and 7pm (general } · Free to members ; $1 to non-members. Top quality, full-length feature films! Why go downtown? KITCHEN NATURAL FOOD COOKING Tuesday 3pm Rita teaches natural foods and vegetarian cooking. CLAM CHOWDER CLASS Thursday 10. 30am Learn to make the best clam choweder you -ever tasted! Stan will show you how. BORSCHT WITH JIMMY Saturday 11am Hungarian borscht - with a Scottish flavour! BREAD BAKING Saturday 3pm SUNDAY DINNER Sunday 2pm ~erved at 5pm. Cost $1.50. Half !?rice for anyone who helps in preparation. 

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