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Sea Around Us project newsletter, issue 68, November/December 2011 Boonzaier, Lisa; Sea Around Us Project Nov 30, 2011

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Sea Around UsThe Sea Around Us Project NewsletterIssue 68 – November/December 2011On the use of catchreconstructions out thereby Frederic Le ManachContinued on page 2 - MadagascarDuring my initialstay in Vancouver,betweenSeptember 2010 and June2011, I was tasked withreconstructing fisheriesstatistics for the country ofMadagascar. This is the typeof project many of us at theSea Around Us deal with ona daily basis; however, acascade of events made thisone a bit different, at leastfrom what I had expected.When I started, I knew veryfew things aboutMadagascar. I knew aboutthose cute lemurs, and Iknew it was a big islandoff the east coast of Africa.  ButI knew nothing about itsfisheries. I quickly became immersed in theproject, and made many contacts atvarious fisheries institutions and NGOs.Everybody seemed excited about thestudy, and they were more than happy toprovide data, insightful comments, andassistance in putting everything together.As a result, the reconstruction producedsomething expected: un-reporting isindeed occurring!We quickly published a paper that causedquite a stir in Madagascar. The UnitedNations heard about it and the elite of theworld decided that something should bedone. One day, I received an email fromthe World Bank, asking me whether Iwould like to get involved in a globalproject aimed at producing a frameworkfor ecosystem wealth accounting (WAVEShttp://go.worldbank.org/1FM01NZUO0). Iwould be  the “World Bank fisheries expertfor Madagascar”; quite a big deal for astudent who had just completed his MSc,and was waiting to start his PhD. Iaccepted the position, and thus started my‘career’ as a consultant with a lot ofexcitement, and even more fear. The jobwas tricky: based on my knowledge ofMadagascar’s fisheries and further studies,I had to come up with recommendationsin order to help produce a new nationalframework ensuring sustainable practices,effective accounting, and improved foodsecurity. I must admit that it seemed easiersaid than done, but I hope that my workwill be useful.A Malagasy fisher processes an endangered shark (Stegostomafasciatum). Fins will be sold to a Chinese collector, while the meat willbe consumed locally. Photo by F. Le Manach.Page 2Sea Around Us –– November/December 2011The Sea Around UsProject newsletter ispublished by theFisheries Centre atthe University ofBritish Columbia.Six issues of thisnewsletter arepublished annually.Subscriptions are freeof charge.Our mailing address is: UBC FisheriesCentre, Aquatic Ecosystems ResearchLaboratory, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver,British Columbia, Canada, V6T 1Z4. Our faxnumber is (604) 822-8934, and our emailaddress is SeaNotes@fisheries.ubc.ca. Allqueries, subscription requests, and electronicaddress changes should be addressed to LisaBoonzaier, Sea Around Us Newsletter Editor.The Sea Around Us website may be foundat www.seaaroundus.org and contains up-to-date information on the Project.TThe Sea Around Us Project is a scientific collaborationbetween the University of British Columbia and the PewEnvironment Group that began in July 1999. The PewEnvironment Group works around the world to establishpragmatic, science-based policies that protect our oceans, wildlands and climate. Pew also sponsors scientific research thatsheds new light on the dimensions of and solutions to theproblems facing the global marine environment. ISSN 1713-5214   Sea Around Us (ONLINE)New Sea Around Us ProjectNewletter Editor!Madagascar - Continued from page 1For me, the most enjoyable part of the job camewhen the World Bank sent me to meet with - andinvolve - key fisheries stakeholders, in an effort toensure that the work would be accepted by awide range of professionals. I stayed for ten daysin the capital city, Antananarivo, where I met onoccasion with a steering committee, and filled therest of my schedule with meetings at the Ministryof Fisheries, and other institutional and NGOoffices. It was mind-opening to see how political,economic and environmental goals interact witheach other in an effort to move towardssustainability.Upon leaving the city, it took me four days to getto the beach office of an NGO that I had workedwith for the past year, Blue Ventures. Their goal isto involve local communities in natural resourcesmanagement, and it was interesting to see howthey make that happen.  Progress is being made,which is good news for a country that seemsparalyzed by political turmoil and a lack of funds.There are still barriers to address, however, forexample, the fact that fishers considerendangered sharks as meat and fins, and not asendangered species.This job – part of my PhD – was a greatopportunity, and if I happened to receive similarinvitation, I would say yes again.  Our work willsoon be available through a technical report anda book chapter. It will also be presented at theInternational Society of EnvironmentalEconomics meeting in Rio next June. Meanwhile,the reconstruction is available as part of aFisheries Centre Research Report (19(4), 2011),and in a paper published in Marine Policy(36, 2012).The Sea Around Us Project aims to be globalin the scope of its work. I am happy toreport that it is also global in its readership.A quick glance at our distribution list yieldsnames fromAustralia,AscensionIsland,Belgium, China,Denmark,Ecuador,France, India,Indonesia,Japan, Mexico,New Zealand,Norway, SouthAfrica,Tanzania,United ArabEmerates,UnitedKingdom, United States, and Zimbabwe, amongothers.I am happy to let our readers from near and farknow that we now have a new Newsletter Editor.Lisa Boonzaier (pictured) will be taking over fromme, Megan Bailey, as Editor effective February2012. Lisa was born and raised in Cape Town,South Africa, and brings with her ampleexperience from her work as the Editor of adigital magazineproduced in associationwith WWF. She has apassion for sciencecommunication, andbegan as a Mastersstudent with the Projectin September 2011. Ihope you will join me inoffering Lisa a warmglobal welcome!It was mind-opening to seehow political,economic andenvironmentalgoals interactwith eachother in aneffort to movetowardssustainability.Page 3 Sea Around Us –– November/December 2011by Dirk Zeller, Ar’’ash Tavakolie and Daniel PaulyContinued on page 4 - AwardThe Sea Around Us projectwins UBC awardThe University of British Columbia recentlyannounced the Sea Around UsProject Portal (www.seaaroundus.org) asthe winner of 2012 UBC Library InnovativeDissemination of Research Award. The SeaAround Us Project won out against 25 other UBCcandidates.As most readers of this newsletter know, thepurpose of the Project, initiated in mid-1999, is toassess, document and communicate the impactof fisheries on the world’s marine ecosystems,and propose strategic mitigation measure toensure globally sustainable fisheries. Theunderlying, fundamental philosophy andapproach of the Sea Around Us Project and itsassociated website (www.seaaroundus.org, seeFigure 1 for homepage) is to combine theextractive, biological, legal and economic realmsof fisheries resource use in a comprehensivelyinterlinked and transparent manner, and presentthis in an ecosystem context. This is what makesour project globally unique. Our databases andwebsite have now become the major source ofspatially allocated fisheries information for theinternational scientific and environmentalconservation communities, as well as many of theintergovernmental agencies. It is accessed bythousands of users every month, and is used for aFigure 1: Homepage of the Sea Around Us project web portal(www.seaaroundus.org), allowing access to over 18,000 pagescontaining fisheries and fisheries-related data by variousgeographic entities (e.g., EEZs, LMEs, High Seas etc.), as well asaccess to general news components of project activities.wide range of products. The success and progressof our project and the associated public face hasalso been documented in our 10-yearretrospective, available at www.seaaroundus.org/retrospective/10yr/web_SAUP10YearRetrospective.pdf.The Project portal at www.seaaroundus.org wascreated to raise awareness on the effects offishing on the world’s marine ecosystems and todisseminate the scientific findings and theactivities of the Sea Around Us Project . Ourefforts are aimed at tackling the following sixissues:1. What are the total fisheries catches frommarine ecosystems, including reported andunreported landings and discards at sea?2. What are the biological impacts of thesebiomass withdrawals for the remaining life in theecosystems?3. What would be the likely biological andeconomic impacts of continuing current fishingtrends?4. What were the former states of theseecosystems before the expansion of large-scalecommercial fisheries?5. How do the present ecosystems rate on a scalefrom healthy to unhealthy?6. What specific policy changes and managementmeasures should be implemented to avoidcontinued worsening of the present situationand improve the health of ecosystems?Unlike previous efforts meant to support fisheriesscience and fisheries conservation, which areoften species-specific, we created the first andstill only database which assigns catch andderived information, such as catch values, tobiological and politically meaningful geographicareas, by linking and filtering the fisheries datawith the biological distributions of all exploitedspecies, Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) fishingaccess agreements, as well as High Seas spatialfishing effort. Thus, our data are unique in thatthey can present, for any area in the world,fisheries data in space (i.e., who takes what, whereand when, and how much it is worth).Our databasesand website havenow become themajor source ofspatially allocatedfisheriesinformation forthe internationalscientific andenvironmentalconservationcommunities.Page 4Sea Around Us –– November/December 2011Publications Mail Agreement No:41104508Award - Continued from page 3The underlying philosophy of the Sea Around UsProject to combine the diverse realms of fisheriesresource use is what makes this project globallyunique. Conceptually and physically, we haveorganized our knowledge base in a way which ismore conducive to use for sustainable policydevelopment, ecosystem-based fisheriesmanagement, and general scientific andeducational exploration, sharing and learning bythe general public as well as secondary andtertiary educational institutions.Through our emphasis on predefined spatialentities, we have bridged the gap betweenscientific research and publication of the resultsin a manner which is more user-friendly for manyglobally leading NGOs such as WWF, NatureConservancy, Oceana, MAVA and many of theleading inter-governmental agencies, such asUNEP, FAO, World Bank or the WTO. At the sametime, we heavily emphasize maintaining a highprofile and credibility in the scientific communityby insisting on publishing extensively in thescientific peer-reviewed literature. Since 2000, SeaAround Us teammembers havepublished or co-authored over 160articles in peer-reviewed journals,including severalcontributions in thehigh impact journalsNature and Science.Noteworthy is that,with the increasingmaturity of ourproject, our scientificoutput hasincreased more thanthreefold in thesecond 5-yearproject period.Thus, it is with greatpleasure that wecongratulate theentire Sea AroundUs team. This awardis a clear sign ofUBC’s recognition ofour success!The Sea Around Us Project web portal and itssuite of supporting applications and databases,dynamically summarizes the raw data (over 1billion rows of data) into over 18,000 analysis-based web pages (Figure 1 for homepage). Theseuser friendly snapshots of data and time seriespresent fisheries, economics, and governancedata for the 240 EEZs of the 154 maritimecountries of the world (e.g., Figure 2a), and by the66 globally defined Large Marine Ecosystems(LMEs), as well as 18 High Seas areas. Thisplatform recently went through a majortechnological overhaul, and now uses state-of-the art architecture to automatically test andmaintain this flow of information, ensuringquality dissemination of large-scale scientific datato the public.What we currently present on the over 18,000pages on our website is only the first step in ourdata- and information-access and disseminationefforts. Work is in progress to provide enhancedand customizable user access and selectivity ofspatial data presentation.Figure 2: Examples of data menus for selected geographic entities, here the Exclusive EconomicZone of United States (Gulf of Mexico section).Through ouremphasis onpredefinedspatial entities,we havebridged thegap betweenscientificresearch andpublication ofthe results in amanner whichis more user-friendlyPage 5 Sea Around Us –– November/December 2011Sea Around Us 2011 publicationsAndersen, S.C., Flemming, J.M., Watson, R. and Lotze, H.K. (2011) Global expansion of invertebratefisheries: Trends, drivers, and ecosystem effects. PLoS One 6 (3):e14735.Anticamara, J., Watson, R., Gelchu, A. and Pauly, D. (2011) Global fishing effort (1950-2010): Trends,gaps, and implications. Fisheries Research 107: 131–136.Cheung, W.W.L., Dunne, J., Sarmiento, J. and Pauly, D. (2011) Integrating eco-physiology andplankton dynamics into projected changes in maximum fisheries catch potential underclimate change. ICES Journal of Marine Science 68(6): 1008-1018.Collette, B.B., Carpenter, K.E., Polidoro, B.A., Juan-Jordá, M.J., Boustany, A., Die, D.J., Elfes, C., Fox, W.,Graves, J., Harrison, L., McManus, R., Minte-Vera, C.V., Nelson, R., Restrepo, V., Schratwieser, J.,Sun, C., Amorim, A., Peres, M.B., Canales, C., Cardenas, G., Chang, S., Chiang, W., Leite, N.,Harwell, H., Lessa, R., Fredou, F.L., Oxenford, H.A., Serra, R., Shao, K., Sumaila, R., Wang, S.,Watson, R. and Yáñez, E. (2011) High value and long-life: double jeopardy for tunas andbillfishes. Science 333: 291-292.Fulai, S., Flomenhoft, G., Downs, T.J., Grande-Ortiz, M., Graef, D., Scholtens, B., Mol, A., Sonnenfeld, A.,Editors, G.S., Goel, R.K., Hsieh, E., Scrieciu, S., Steurer, R., Polzin, C., Kostka, G., Ancev, T.,Pirgmaier, E., Boons, F., Robèrt, K., Bryant, C., Zhou, K., Acharya, S.R., Huberman, D., Sonwa,D.J., Mycoo, M., Guan, D., Hubacek, K., Sumaila, U.R., Lopez-Ruiz, H.G., Jolley, G.J., Dougherty,M.L., Pilon, A.F., Prakash, R., Tambunan, T. and Hermann, S. (2011) Is the concept of a greeneconomy a useful way of framing policy discussions and policymaking to promotesustainable development? Natural Resources Forum 35(1): 63-72.Gascuel, D., Guénette, S. and Pauly, D. (2011) The trophic-level based ecosystem modelingapproach: theoretical overview and practical uses. ICES Journal of Marine Science 68(7):1403-1416.Heymans, J., Mackinson, S., Sumaila, U.R., Dyck, A. and Little, A. (2011) The impact of subsidies onthe ecological sustainability and future profits from North Sea fisheries. PLoS One 6(5):e20239.Jacquet, J., Hauert, C., Traulsen, A. and Milinski, M. (2011) Shame and honour drive cooperation.Biology Letters 7: 899-901.Jones, T.T., Hastings, M., Bostrom, B., Pauly, D. and Jones, D. (2011) Growth of captive leatherbackturtles Dermochelys coriacea with inferences on growth in the wild: implications forpopulation decline and recovery. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 399:84-92.Lam, V.W.Y., Sumaila, U.R., Dyck, A., Pauly, D. and Watson, R. (2011) Construction and potentialapplications of a global cost of fishing database. ICES Journal of Marine Science 68(9):1996-2004.McCrea-Strub, A., Kleisner, K., Sumaila, U.R., Swartz, W., Watson, R., Zeller, D. and Pauly, D. (2011)Potential Impact of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill on Commercial Fisheries in the Gulf ofMexico. Fisheries 32: 332-336.McCrea-Strub, A. and Pauly, D. (2011) Oil and fisheries in the Gulf of Mexico. Ocean and Coastal LawJournal 16(2): 473-480.McCrea-Strub, A., Zeller, D., Sumaila, U.R., Nelson, J., Balmford, A. and Pauly, D. (2011) Understandingthe cost of establishing marine protected areas. Marine Policy 35: 1-9.Mouillot, D., Albouy, C., Guilhaumon, F., Rais, B., Lasram, F., Coll, M., DeVictor, V., Douzery, E., Meynard,C., Pauly, D., Tomasini, J.A., Troussellier, M., Velez, L., Watson, R. and Mouquet, N. (2011)Protected and threatened components of fish biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea.Current Biology 21(12): 1044-1050.Norse, E.A., Brooke, S., Cheung, W.W.L., Clark, M.R., Ekeland, I., Froese, R., Gjerde, K.M., Haedrich, R.L.,Heppell, S.S., Morato, T., Morgan, L.E., Pauly, D., Sumaila, R. and Watson, R. (2012)Sustainability of deep-sea fisheries. Marine Policy 36: 307-320.Articles in refereed journalsPage 6Sea Around Us –– November/December 2011Österblom, H. and Sumaila, U.R. (2011) Toothfish crises, actor diversity and the emergence ofcompliance mechanisms in the Southern Ocean. Global Environmental Change: 972-982.Pauly, D. (2011) Forward – Selected contribution from the First International Marine ConservationCongress, 19-24 May 2009. Bulletin of Marine Science 87(2): 159-160.Pauly, D. (2011) On baselines that need shifting. Solutions 2(1): 14.Pauly, D. (2011) Toward a conservation ethic for the sea: Steps in a personal and intellectual odyssey.Bulletin of Marine Science 87(2): 165-175.Perry, I.R., Ommer, R.E., Barange, M., Jentoft, S., Neis, B. and Sumaila, U.R. (2011) Marine social-ecological responses to environmental change and the impacts of globalization. Fish andFisheries 12(4): 427-450.Sumaila, U.R., Cheung, W.W.L., Lam, V.W.L., Pauly, D. and Herrick, S. (2011) Climate change impacts onthe biophysics and economics of world fisheries. Nature Climate Change: 449 - 456.Teh, L., Teh, L. and Sumaila, U.R. (2011) Low discounting behaviour among  small-scale fishers.Sustainability 3: 897-913.Tesfamichael, D. and Pauly, D. (2011) Learning from the past for future policy: approaches to timeseries catch data reconstruction. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science 10(2): 99-106.Tremblay-Boyer, L., Gascuel, D., Watson, R., Christensen, V. and Pauly, D. (2011) Modelling the effects offishing on the biomass of the world’s oceans from 1950 to 2006. Marine Ecology ProgressSeries 442: 169-185.Tyler, E., Somerfield, P., Vanden Berghe, E., Bremner, J., Jackson, E., Langmead, O., Palomares, M.L.D. andWebb, T. (2011) Extensive gaps and biases in our knowledge of a well-known fauna:implications for integrating biological traits into macroecology. Global Ecology andBiogeography.Zeller, D., Booth, S., Pakhomov, E., Swartz, W. and Pauly, D. (2011) Arctic fisheries catches in Russia, USAand Canada: Baselines for neglected ecosystems. Polar Biology 34 (7): 955-973.Zeller, D., Rossing, P., Harper, S., Persson, L., Booth, S. and Pauly, D. (2011) The Baltic Sea: Estimates oftotal fisheries removals 1950-2007. Fisheries Research 108: 356-363.Biery, L., Palomares, M.L.D., Morissette, L., Cheung, W.W.L., Harper, S., Jacquet, J., Zeller, D. and Pauly, D.(2011) Sharks in the seas around us: How the Sea Around Us Project is working to shape ourcollective understanding of global shark fisheries. A report prepared for the PewEnvironment Group by the Sea Around Us Project. The University of British Columbia. TheUniversity of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Fisheries Centre, 53 p.Cheung, W.W.L., Zeller, D. and Pauly, D. (2011) Projected species shift due to climate change in theCanadian Marine Ecoregions. Report to Environment Canada. Vancouver, 46 p.Christensen, V., Lai, S., Palomares, M.L.D., Zeller, D. and Pauly, D., eds. (2011) The state of biodiversityand fisheries in Regional Seas. Fisheries Centre Research Report 19(3). Fisheries Centre,University of British Columbia, Vancouver, 82 p.Christensen, V. and Maclean, J., eds. (2011) Ecosystem Approaches to Fisheries: A Global Perspective.Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 342 p.Harper, S., O’Meara, D., Booth, S., Zeller, D. and Pauly, D. (2011) Fisheries catches for the Bay of BengalLarge Marine Ecosystem since 1950. Report to the Bay of Bengal Large Marine EcosystemProject. BOBLME-Ecology-16, 97 p.Kleisner, K. and Pauly, D. (2011) Performance in managing marine resources in the Bay of Bengal.Report to the Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem Project. BOBLME-Ecology-17. 146 p.Palomares, M.L.D. and Pauly, D., eds. (2011) Too precious to drill: the marine biodiversity of Belize.Fisheries Centre Research Report 19(6). Fisheries Centre, UBC, Vancouver BC, Canada.Zeller, D. and Harper, S., eds. (2011) Fisheries catch reconstruction. Islands, part II. Fisheries CentreReports 19(4). Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia.Books and reports

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