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Sea Around Us project newsletter, issue 25, September/October 2004 Forrest, Robyn; Sea Around Us Project Sep 30, 2004

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SSSS Seeee e aaaa a     AAAA Arrrr r ouououou ounnnn ndddd d     UUUU Ussss sThe Sea Around Us Project NewsletterIssue 25 – September/October 2004Dear Dr Pauly,I attended your lecturerecently at the Girl’sGrammar in Auckland onworld fish populations. Ihave always feared thatwhat you painted of  thereal state of world fishstocks to be true, but wasdevastated to  learn theextent of the damage. Ihave recently returned toRarotonga,  in the CookIslands, to live and amappalled at what is about tohappen to these islands inthe name of progress andgrowth. We have recentlyacquired five Taiwanesefishing boats to help usclean out what little  fish wehave remaining. This wasout of the blue last week, anarrangement bygovernment and a privateprocessing plant, while wewere all focused on largervessels being built by theChinese. We are told thateight vessels will be comingas each one is completed.They are too large  to bebuilt in the region.There is a sense ofoverwhelmed helplessnessamongst the people here toprevent the pace at which afew in power are beingenticed with gifts,  whileusing the ignorance of thepeople to the laws and thereal  statistics on the state ofworld fisheries, to pushthrough their  deals. There isalso a lack of knowledge onthe reasons we shouldprotect these fisheries now,before the damage is done,in not only  sustaining theresource but positivelyworking towards creatingyour  vision of worldreserves to replenish thefish stocks.The North is dead and thepillage is about to takeplace in the last  remainingrelatively unspoiled part ofthe world. The Chinese havealso designated the CookIslands a preferred visitingcountry. They have set upfish factories in Fiji, Samoa,Tonga and are firmlyfocused on this  part of theworld. France is holdingtightly on to Tahiti. Thestatistics you provided inyour lecture virtually paintthe picture  that apart fromcommercial fishing beingeconomically redundant, itis  already too late for mostof the fish stocks to sustainthe present  reported catchlet alone the unreportedcatch. Establishment ofthese  fish park/ reservesmust be enacted as soon aspossible. The UN will  not doanything in the short termand nor will any of themajor  powers.They havetoo much to lose toentertain the idea of notfishing  anywhere andcreating a reserve. I believethat the Cook Islands withits vast economic zone canbecome an example ofsuch a vision. However,political change throughawareness and alternativeeconomics is the key toenabling such a concept toactually become a reality.The fifteen  islands are allsmall volcanics and atollsLetter from the CookIslandsby David NgataeIn August, 2004, Daniel Pauly travelled to New Zealand and delivered several publiclectures in Auckland, Christchurch, Wellington and Kaikoura, sponsored by the New ZealandDepartment of Conservation.  Dr Pauly’s message has become familiar:  the world’s oceansare overfished and governments and citizens must be mobilised to act before the world’smarine ecosystems cease to provide us their bounty.  Sadly, it seems, that his story still needsto be told and that the southern oceans may soon be as overexploited as those of the north.Mr David Ngatae attended Dr Pauly’s lecture at the Auckland Girls Grammar School onAugust 17 (see p. 2).  Here, we publish his response to the lecture.Continued on page 2 - CookIslandsPage 2Sea Around Us – September/October 2004The Sea Around Us project is a Fisheries Centre partner-ship with the Pew Charitable Trusts of Philadelphia,USA. The Trusts support nonprofit activities in the areas ofculture, education, the environment, health and human serv-ices, public policy and religion. Based in Philadelphia, the Trustsmake strategic investments to help organisations and citizensdevelop practical solutions to difficult problems. In 2000, withapproximately $4.8 billion in assets, the Trusts committed over$235 million to 302 nonprofit organisations. ISSN 1713-5214   Sea Around Us (ONLINE)The Sea Around Us project newsletter ispublished by the  Fisheries Centre at theUniversity of British Columbia. Included withthe Fisheries Centre’s newsletter FishBytes,sixissues of this newsletter are published an-nually. Subscriptions arefree of charge.Our mailing ad-dress is: UBC Fish-eries Centre, LowerMall Research Sta-tion, 2259 LowerMall, Vancouver,British Columbia,Canada, V6T 1Z4. Ourfax number is (604) 822-8934, and our email address isSeaNotes@fisheries.ubc.ca. All queries (in-cluding reprint requests), subscription re-quests, and address changes should be ad-dressed to Robyn Forrest, Sea Around UsNewsletter Editor.The Sea Around Us website may be foundat saup.fisheries.ubc.ca and contains up-to-date information on the project.and are inhabited by a mere  10-12,000 people. There is howeververy strong growth in all facetsof  the economy. The Cooks havefinally been discovered andeveryone wants  a piece. Thereare foreign investors wellembedded in the society whoalso will not let go easily thefoothold they have and thewealth they  are about to make.With such growth howevercomes the price of the fewgetting most while most will getvery few.I speak fluent Maori and as I walkamongst the people I amconstantly  reminded by themthat it is my responsibility tovoice and do something abouttheir concerns, being able tocommunicate their feelings inEnglish and to people who maybe able to help. I couldn’t thinkof  anything more pertinent thanattending your lecture on myvisit back to Auckland. I wantedto communicate with you to getyour initial feelings as I amgathering those around me whocan and want to stop thisridiculous plunge intounconscious wastefulness,having learnt nothing  from thenorthern fisheries already intheir death throes. It is a mediumto long term plan that mustbegin by the publishing andeducation of  relevant andaccurate statistics to at least paintthe other side of  the picture evenif it is to bring pressure on thosein power to slow  down the socalled progress. The Cookislanders are mainly shy peoplewho have been relatively leftalone until now but are beinghurled into the 21st century bythose who are willing to destroythe resources and  culture at allcost. Apart from the fisheries andDaniel Pauly visitsNew ZealandDaniel Pauly delivers a public lecture at the Auckland Girls Grammar School (left)and speaks with students afterwards (right). Jim Fyfe (Programme Manager Coastal, Otago Area Office, NZ Department ofConservation), Daniel Pauly and Ann McCrone (Senior Marine Conservation Officer,Marine Conservation Unit, Department of Conservation), just prior to (left) and during(right) a successful whale watching trip out of Kaikoura on the northeast coast of NewZealand’s South Island. Photos by Roger Williams of Whale Watch Kaikoura LtdCook Islands - Continued frompage 1Continued on page 3 - Cook IslandsThe Cookshave finallybeendiscoveredandeveryonewants  apiecePage 3 Sea Around Us – September/October 2004New Book:Namibia’s FisheriesWe are pleased toannounce anew book focusing onthe fisheries ofNamibia, edited byUssif Rashid Sumaila,David Boyer, Morten D.Skogen, and Stein IvarSteinshamn; publishedby Eburon Publishers.Namibia’s Fisheries isa timely contributionto the global debateover destructivemodern fisherymethods.  The bookexamines Namibia’sBenguela upwellingsystem: an area that supportstraditional and modern forms offishery.  It also analyzes theNamibianexperience infisherymanagement,featuringessays byresearchers,Namibianfisherymanagers, andinternationalspecialists thatcover a rangeof ecologicaland socialissues.the invasion of  tourism, I amalso watching the rapid  declineof my culture in front  of myeyes.  The things that make uswho and what we are. The thingsthat are dear to us. However, It isnot irreversible yet.I guess one can only do whatone can do and our paths didcross. I hope that you and/oryour department can help or atleast give some advice.Sincerely Yours,David NgataeDavid Ngatae is a Producerwith Cook Islands Film Companymaking documentaries on theCook Islands. He is alsospokesperson for a political andenvironmental lobby group,” TeTu Maori “, which aims to protectand preserve the culture andresources of indigenous peoplein the Cook Islands and thePacific, through awarenessand economic alternatives.Cook Islands - Continued frompage 2Namibia’sFisheries is atimelycontributionto the globaldebate overdestructivemodernfisherymethodsNamibia’s Fisheries will be avaluable resource forresearchers, conservationists,and students of fisherymanagement.Contributions from the FisheriesCentre include several chaptersco-authored by Ussif RashidSumaila on aspects of theeconomics of Namibian fisheriesand chapters by Daniel Pauly,Maria Lourdes Palomares andSheila Heymans.  The book isavailable from ChicagoUniversity Press:www.press.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/hfs.cgi/00/16501.ctl orwww.amazon.com.Dateline ….. 24 & 25 September, 2004, Venice, Italy(without the canals)A meeting of the Global Ocean Observation Systems(GOOS) Working Group of the Scientific Committee onOcean Research (SCOR) met in Venice September 24 and25. I thought what an appropriate a place, given the canals andlooming marine issues facing Venetians. The meeting was in fact ina Holiday Inn crammed between two freeways with not a canal insight! Nevertheless it did not stop my presentation of the marineand coastal aspects of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA)to SCOR’s Working Group. An overview of concept of the MA, theprocess to date and the marine and coastal topics that are includedin the various reports was given. The presentation resulted inconsiderable discussion about indicators and more importantly,how, members of SCOR, in particular the Global ObservationSystems Group, could contribute to MA initiatives in the future. Theconsensus of the group was that progress has been made towardsinvestigating a set of indicators that could be developed for anassessment such as the MA, and that the SCOR-GOOS WorkingGroup has a key role to play. The way ahead is to propose aworkshop with SCOR members, as well as other groups involved inmonitoring coastal and marine areas on large scales, to determinethe range of indicators that might be appropriate and to identifythe data requirements so that Global Ocean Observation Systemscan begin to incorporate them into their programs. Watch thisspace for updates!What, no canals?by Jackie AlderPage 4Sea Around Us – September/October 2004The Millennium EcosystemAssessment – moving it to thenext levelby Jackie AlderThe third and finalmeeting to finalize thethree main volumes of theMillennium EcosystemAssessment (MA) was held inKuala Lumpur in late September.The meeting included chapterreview editors who assisted inadvising on the finishing touchesto the various chapters.  Themeeting also provided theopportunity for authors ofvarious chapters to consult withcolleagues on overlaps andinformation gaps, as well asensuring consistency across thechapters. It has been a Herculeantask to pull information togetheron ecosystems (natural andbuilt) and their services; explorefour plausible and possiblefutures for these ecosystems;and to discuss potentialresponse options to addresscurrent and potential issues.  Inaddition to producing threeinformation-rich technicalvolumes, several syntheses arecurrently being drafted that willfocus on communicating theMA’s major outcomes to decisionmakers and the wider public.The oceans and their services(fisheries in particular) wereinitially left out of the MA, butthey are now included. Althoughthe oceans cover about 70% ofthe world’s surface, there is amuch smaller level of coveragein the MA volumes. Fisheries andoceans topics are focused on intwo chapters in the Conditionsand Trends volume (Chapters 18and 19).  As well, in the samevolume, Chapter 4 includesmarine biodiversity, Chapter 8covers fisheries as a foodprovisioning service, Chapter 12outlines nutrient cycling, andChapter 13 climate regulation. Inthe Scenarios volume, Chapter 6(Models) provides an overviewof fisheries models and themodels used in thedevelopment of the volume;Chapter 8 describes the futurescenarios for fisheries as well ascoastal ecosystems; Chapter 9presents the results of modelingthree ecosystems using the fourscenarios described in Chapter 8;and Chapter 10 examines howlanding diversity might changeunder the four scenarios. Thevarious responses policy makerscan take to manage fisheries aredescribed in Chapter 6 (Foodand Ecosystems) of theResponses volume, whileChapter 15 (IntegratedResponses) includes managingcoastal areas.Over the next three months thevarious chapters will be finalizedand reviewed by MA boardmembers and then edited forpublication in early 2005. Thelaunch date of the MA results isscheduled for early 2005 in NewYork.  After the launch thevarious volumes will then beavailable from the MA’s website:www.millenniumassessment.organd, more importantly, decisionmakers will hopefully start toimplement the findings of theMillennium EcosystemAssessment.Working with colleagues on theMA over the last two years hasbeen interesting and exciting,and at times challenging. Afterspending a week in KualaLumpur, it was exciting to seethe final product come togetherinto a series of publications thatwill no doubt influence decisionmakers in managing the world’secosystems. However, it waseven more rewarding to knowthat the work of the Sea AroundUs project made a significantand lasting contribution tothis global initiative.Alternative office spaceideas?On a recent trip toCalifornia, Sea Around Usresearch assistant AdrianKitchingman spotted thispotential new office space,should the new AERLbuilding be unsatisfactory.The building comes withready-made sign and a builtin ecosystem of various silkoctopuses and seacreatures.... it was evenmorerewarding toknow thatthe SeaAround Usproject [...]made asignificantand lastingcontributionto this globalinitiativePublications Mail Agreement No: 41104508

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