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Sea Around Us project newsletter, issue 5, July/August 2000 Power, Melanie; Sea Around Us Project Jul 31, 2000

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Sea Around UsThe Sea Around Us Project NewsletterIssue 5 – July/August 2000Travel broadens themind. And in my case,it broadensknowledge too!When Tony Pitcher andNigel Haggan told me in ane-mail, “yes, we have workfor you in the FisheriesCentre”, I said to myself thata new page was about tobe turned!! At this time Iwas a student of one of thefive French NationalSchools of AgronomistEngineers, and my fourthyear of study was drawingto a close. There are a greatmany fields encompassedby Agronomy, includingfisheries and the marineenvironment, and they arethe fields I especially choseto study. So having aninternship in those fieldswas a really good means toround off my studies.Jacques Moreau, a teacherof mine at the ENSAT(Ecole NationaleSuperieure d’Agronomiede Toulouse), had alreadytold me about theFisheries Centre and itsactivities. Subsequently Itried my luck, submittingmy application for asummer job to TonyPitcher. The FisheriesCentre was going to giveme an opportunity to workfor a research organisation,to learn through contactwith specialists, to put mycompetences in theservice of research and ofcourse, to visit Vancouverfor the first time of my life,the famous town I hadbeen told so much about!I had an offer from JackieAlder to work on a projectshe was coordinating toassess the sustainabilityand FAO Code of Conductcompliance of NorthAtlantic fisheries usingRapfish. As some Frenchfisheries were going to beincluded in the analysis,she suggested setting up aproject whereby I wouldassess a range of thosefisheries and undertakethe analysis. That projectseemed very interesting tome and even fitted exactlywhat I was looking for: itwas a excellent means toacquire a goodbackground to work inwith French fisheries andto enrich my knowledge. Iexpected to learn a lotabout the running ofFrench fisheries and alltheir aspects. A priori I wasmore interested in theecological aspects but itturns out that all theaspects are worth knowingand studying, especiallywhen some connectionscan be establishedbetween them.I have been working onthis project for just onemonth, yet it soonbecame apparent that itwas difficult to studyFrench fisheries withoutencompassing all thefisheries of Europe – it’scommon fish stocks andcommon fisheries policies!Despite the fact that eachcountry has its ownperspective of thesituation and despitefishermen andgovernments who tend tobehave according to thecountry’s culture. That’swhy I find the projectparticularly motivating andcaptivating: there areplenty of aspects and			Continued on page 3 -InternshipThe Sea Around Us project newsletter ispublished by the  FisheriesCentre at the Univer-sity of British Co-lumbia. Includedwith the FisheriesCentre’s newslet-ter FishBytes,sixissues of thisnewsletter are pub-lished annually. Sub-scriptions are free ofcharge.Our mailing address is: UBC Fisheries Cen-tre, 2204 Main Mall, Vancouver, British Co-lumbia, Canada, V6T 1Z4. Our fax number is(604) 822-8934, and our email address isSeaNotes@fisheries.com. All queries (includ-ing reprint requests), subscription requests,and address changes should be addressed toMelanie Power, Sea Around Us Newsletter Edi-tor.The Sea Around Us website may be foundat www.fisheries.ubc.ca/projects/saup, andcontains up-to-date information on the			The life-history depthprofile work is continuing(see Zeller & Pauly, SeaAround Us Project NewsletterIssue 4), with life-history depthinformation gathered foranother four species. The list oftarget species is (slowly)shrinking! Major thanks toShawn Booth, who is putting alot of effort and good work intothe gathering and assimilatingof large volumes of literatureand data. I am sure this abilitywill benefit him in his future asa graduate student at theFisheries Centre. The associateddepth-profile graphics will begenerated over the next month,while the depth information isused directly by Reg Watsonand his database team to help !The databases for the SeaAround Us projectcontinue to swell withdata from around the NorthAtlantic. Meanwhile plansdevelop for making estimatesof unreported, misreported anddiscarded catches. A recent visitby Dr Paul Medley providedinsights that can be adoptedfor the estimation of discards.We hope to work with Paul onthis and other topics in thefuture.  More recently Dr GuyFontenelle brought with himfishing catch and effort datafrom French ports to enrich ourdatabase. As in other cases,there seem to manyopportunities for rewardingfuture collaborations. HreidarValtysson brought with him awealth of Icelandic fisheriesdata going back to the turn ofthe century. The projectexpects to receive severaladditional datasets fromconsultants over the comingmonths.Our work has attracted interestfrom Ken Sherman’s group inNOAA who are responsible fororganizing data associated withthe world’s large marineecosystems. A recent visit byCdr Peter Celone providedinteresting discussion whichdemonstrated many commoninterests. With this and othergroups there has been anexchange of spatial dataexpanding the Project’sgeographical informationsystem archives.Reg Watson is Senior Research Associatewith the Sea Around Us Project.assign catch data to areas.With regards to geographicareas and efforts to gatherregional catch data tosupplement our officialdatabases, a minor societalhick-up is happening at themoment. Our collaborationswith colleagues in northernEurope is progressing, althoughfor the time being at a reducedpace. This can be attributed to aphenomenon called “summer”,with symptoms that can onlybe described as ”a merry mass-departure to locales sunnierand warmer than northernEurope”!!  Despite this seasonalmigration, progress has beenmade. A preliminary datasetfrom Iceland has been received(thank you Hreidar), and theFaroe data is being assembledas I write this article. Bothregions appear to have gooddata records, and PeterTyedmers looks set for anothertwo examples to use for hisfishing fleet analysis.Progress has also been madewith the building of ecosystemmodels. Eny Buchary isupdating the ecosystem modelfor the Icelandic area firstcompiled by Asberr Mendy in1997.  During the FAOsponsored workshop on “Theuse of ecosystem models toinvestigate multispeciesmanagement strategies forcapture fisheries” held at UBC inJuly, Katia Freire and Icompleted a preliminary modelfor the Faroe Island area.Simulations initiated duringthis workshop, however,indicated that better locationspecific data is required for theContinued on page 3 - Zeller" 	questions to consider – muchmore than I had expected!What seemed really interestingtoo in the Rapfish project wasthe possibility of comparing allthe countries fishing in theNorth Atlantic. A lot of peoplein France asked me, “Do youreally need to go as far asVancouver only to studyFRENCH fisheries?” It turns outthat the Fisheries Centre is oneof the few places wherefisheries are studied in a waythat encompasses the wholeNorth Atlantic. This is the one ofthose unusual places where Ihad the opportunity to takepart in such a project.When I leave the FisheriesCentre at the end of myinternship in late August, I willhave acquired an overview ofthe north Atlantic fisheries andespecially French fisheries.That’s why my training periodhere is going to be an excellentexperience, which will be very#$%At the April methodologyworkshop,responsibilities werereallocated on geographicbasis. As a result, I am nowresponsible for obtaining catchdata and  constructingecosystem models for thesouthern section of the EasternAtlantic (France, Portugal,Azores, Spain, Canaries,Morocco). We intend to obtainthe total extractions, includingdiscards and unreported catch,in short, any catch that is notincluded in the ICES catchrecord. At the moment,important things like vacationsand field work are slowingmodel to be representative.Currently we are in the processof updating model parametersin collaboration with scientistsfrom the Faroe Islands.Dirk Zeller is a Post-Doctoral Fellow withthe Sea Around Us Project.useful for my future career!Thus I would like to thank TonyPitcher, Nigel Haggan andJackie Alder for allowing me tohave this great experience, aswell as Bridget Ferriss andDorothy Schreiber for theirinvaluable help.Emilie LeBlond is a student at France’sEcole Nationale Superieured’Agronomie de ToulouseIn recent years, the formerlygeneric term ‘Large MarineEcosystem’ (LME) hasbecome specific, and is nowmainly used for regions ofocean space encompassingcoastal areas out to theseaward boundary ofcontinental shelves and theouter margins of coastalcurrent systems. As such, LMEsare regions of the order of200,000 km2 or greater, !"  #$%& ! !Internship - Continued from page 1Zeller - Continued from page 2down the process. Neverthelesswe have established fruitfulcollaborations with severalcountries. For example, theMoroccan catch data has beenassembled and Dr Baddyr and Iare starting to write a reportdescribing the Moroccanfishery for the period 1950-1998.Three different ecosystemmodels are under construction:the Azores Arquipelago, theBay of Biscay and the Moroccancoast. This tremendous workwould not be possible withoutthe help of a dedicated team.The Azores model will becompleted soon (I hope)  andpresented for discussion withbiologists of that region thisfall. Cam Ainsworth, BridgetFeriss and Emilie Leblond areworking on the Bay of Biscaymodel which should befinished by September. A newstudent, Richard Stanford, hasjust undertaken the Moroccanmodel. Other collaborators willjoin us during the fall.Sylvie Guénette is a Post-DoctoralFellow with the Sea Around Us Project.characterized by distinctbathymetry, hydrography andproductivity patterns (Sherman1994; Sherman and Duda1999).The 50 LMEs (see Figure 1, page4) identified by Sherman andDuda (1999) are the source ofabout 95% of the world’sannual marine fisheries yields.Also, most of the globalocean pollution,overexploitation, and coastalhabitat alteration occur withinthese 50 LMEs. They provide,therefore, a convenientframework for addressingissues of natural resourcesmanagement. Moreover, giventhat most of them borderdeveloping countries, LMEsalso provide a framework foraddressing issues related toissues of economicdevelopment.&Figure 1: Large Marine Ecosystems shown are areas of the ocean characterised by distinct bathimetry, hydrography, productivity and tropic interactions. For more information visit  www.edc.uri.edu/lme

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