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Place of graduation 91 : a status report on place of graduation for selected health personnel in the… MacDonald, Allyson; Kerluke, Kerry; Apland, Lars; Wood, Laura Nov 30, 1992

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PLACE OFGRA.DUATION 91A STATUS REPORT ON PLACE OF GRADUATIONFOR SELECTED HEALTH PERSONNELIN THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIAHHRU 92:6Health Human Resources UnitCentre for Health Services and Policy ResearchThe University of British ColumbiaVancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6T 1Z3Allyson MacDonaldKerry KerlukeLars AplandLaura WoodNovember 1992HEALTII HUMAN RESOURCES UNITThe Health Human Resources Unit (HHRU) of the Centre for Health Services and Policy Research wasestablished as a demonstration project by the British Columbia Ministry of Health in 1973. Since that time,the Unit has been carried on an ongoing basis within the Ministry's annual operating budget. The Unitundertakes a series of research studies that are relevant to health human resources management and to publicpolicy decisions.The HHRU's research agenda is determined through extensive discussions of key current issues and availableresources with the members of the Health Human Resources Working Group of the Ministry of Health.Various health care provider groups participate indirectly, through on-going formal and informalcommunication with Ministry of Health officials and with HHRU researchers.Three types of research activity are variously included on the Unit's research agenda and draw on differentskills and research expertise from its faculty and staff. In conjunction with the professional licensing bodiesor associations, the HHRU develops and maintains a co-operative health human resources database. 100 Unituses these data to produce regular status reports that provide a basis for future in-depth studies and for healthhuman resources planning. The Unit conducts in-depth studies that have a particular policy relevance or assessthe impact of specific policy measures, based on secondary analyses of data from the co-operative databaseor primary data collected through large-scale surveys. The HHRU also conducts specific projects pertainingto the management of health human resources at local, regional, or provincial levels.Copies of studies and reports produced by the HHRU are available at no charge.Health Human Resources UnitCentre for Health Services and Policy Research429 - 2194 Health Sciences MallVancouver, British ColumbiaV6T lZ3 (604) 822-4810TABLE OF CONTENTSPageLetter of TransmittalIntroduction 1Definitions 2Summary Figures and Tables 3Health Groups:1. Dental Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 131. Certified Dental Assistants 152. Dental Hygienists. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 213. Dentists.................................. ....... ............... 27II. Medical and Treatment Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 334. Pharmacists 355. Physicians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 43III. Nursing Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 556. Licensed Practical Nurses 577. Registered Nurses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 678. Registered Psychiatric Nurses 81IV. Nutrition and Dietary Services 899. Dietitians and Nutritionists 91V. PsychologicaUSocial Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9910. Psychologists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 101PageVI. Rehabilitation Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 10911. Massage Practitioners 11112. Occupational Therapists 12113. Physiotherapists 131Reports of the Health Human Resources Unit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 145iiINTRODUCTIONThis report is the eleventh of its kind reporting the place of graduation for selected health occupations inBritish Columbia. The choice of groups for the current report is restricted to "licensed" or "registered"professions in this province for which updated data are available and place of graduation of members isknown. In all cases, the total number of licensed or registered professionals, as of the date of record, isgiven. One group appears in this report which was not included-In the 1989 publication: Dietitians andNutritionists. Occupational Therapists and Dietitians and Nutritionists are the only groups presented herefor which registration is not mandatory, but regulation exists in the form of exclusive use of statutory title.We have included tables on the place of graduation of employed personnel for those groups which havemade such information available. However, the data about employment are often incomplete, so there maybe a large number of "unknowns" with regard to employment status that have been excluded from thesetables.In some cases "unknowns" for place of graduation may appear. With the exception of Licensed PracticalNurses, Registered Psychiatric Nurses, and Massage Practitioners, this number represents less than threepercent of the profession concerned.Data presented in this report should not be interpreted as immigration indicators. Non-Canadian subtotalssimply indicate the number of persons who have received training outside Canada. Included in thesefigures are those Canadians who have received such training and subsequently returned to Canada topractise their professions .1DEFINITIONSPLACE OF GRADUATION refers to the country or province where the health worker received basicprofessional qualifications, as reported to his/her Association or licensing body. For psychologists, place ofgraduation refers to province or country of highest qualification.REGIONAL HOSPITAL DISTRICT refers to the British Columbia Regional Hospital District in whichthe health worker resides.GREATER VANCOUVER refers to the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District which includesBurnaby, CoquiUam, Delta, Langley, New Westminster, North Vancouver, Port Coquitlam, Port Moody,Richmond, Surrey, Vancouver, and West Vancouver.CAPITAL refers to the Capital Regional Hospital District which includes Saanich, Sidney, Sooke, andVictoria, as well as a number of smaller surrounding areas.OTHER B.C. refers to the other Regional Hospital Districts in the province.NEW REGISTRANTS refers to registrants or members who were practising on the date of recordindicated for each group and who registered for the first time subsequent to the date of record included in"Place of Graduation 1989". The new registrant numbers represent two years of data for all groups exceptCertified Dental Assistants and Dental Hygienists for whom the data represent 27 months, and Physiciansfor whom the data represent 28 months.OTHER DEFINITIONS which pertain only to one or another group are contained within the commentson that specific group.SUMMARY FIGURES AND TABLESFigures 1 and 2 summarize the place of graduation for all health personnel included in this report. Figure1 compares the place of graduation for health personnel residing in different areas of British Columbia.Figure 2 compares the place of graduation for all registrants and for new registrants .Table 1 shows place of graduation by regional hospital district of residence for all health workers (59,275)included in this report. For the thirteen professional groups included this year, slightly more than half(50.8%) are graduates of British Columbian programs. When considering only Canadian graduates (82.8%of the total), B.C. graduates constitute 61.4 percent. Of the 16.2 percent who are graduates of non­Canadian programs, 43.8 percent were trained in the United Kingdom. Place of graduation is unknown for1.0 percent of the health workers for 1991.With the addition of Dietitians and Nutritionists to the 1991 report, Table 1 depicts place of graduationdistributions for thirteen personnel groups. Data from the 1989 report depicted the distributions for twelvehealth personnel groups. The summary tables from the 1989 report and 1991 report are, therefore, notdirectly comparable. However, twelve groups appear in both reports: Certified Dental Assistants, DentalHygienists, Dentists, Pharmacists, Physicians, Licensed Practical Nurses, Registered Nurses, RegisteredPsychiatric Nurses, Psychologists, Massage Therapists, Occupational Therapists, and Physiotherapists. Incomparing 1991 data for these twelve groups with the data from 1989, we fmd that the total number ofhealth personnel has increased from 54,796 in 1989 to 58,659 in 1991 (these data are not shown here butare available upon request). In 1989, B.C. graduates constituted 51.3 percent, and Canadian graduatesaccounted for 83.2 percent of this total (54,796). These numbers are 50.9 percent and 82.7 percent,respectively, for 1991. Non-Canadian graduates of these twelve groups comprise 16.3 percent of the 1991total (58,659). Of these non-Canadian graduates, 44.0 percent are from the United Kingdom These figuresare similar to those reported in 1989.Table 2 shows the place of graduation by Regional Hospital District of residence for all new registrants(6,437) included in this report. Canadian graduates account for 81.9 percent of the new registrants, andBritish Columbia graduates for 47.5 percent. Of the Canadian graduates, B.C. graduates constitute 58.0percent. Non-Canadian graduates account for 15.7 percent of the total number of new registrants, withUnited Kingdom-trained personnel comprising 30.0 percent of the non-Canadian graduates. There are nocomparable data for 1989 as data about new registrants were not included in 1989.From a longitudinal perspective, Table 3 depicts the relative proportions of B.C. graduates in each healthgroup for which historical data exist, from 1983 to 1991. Personnel with unknown place of graduation arelisted separately in the table this year. The trend in the past years has been an increase in the proportion ofB.C. graduates for all but three groups, Certified Dental Assistants, Dental Hygienists and RegisteredPsychiatric Nurses. Since 1989, however, there has been an increase in the proportion of British Columbiagraduates for Dental Hygienists and Registered Psychiatric Nurses, and a decrease for Licensed PracticalNurses and Psychologists. The proportion of B.C. graduates for Registered Nurses and Pharmacistsremained constant from 1989 to 1991. Historically, B.C. produces relatively more Certified DentalAssistants, Licensed Practical Nurses, and Pharmacists than any other groups included in this report.Physicians have had the smallest proportion of B.C. graduates .Table 4 depicts the training index (that is, active personnel divided by the number graduating from B.C.programs) for each health group for 1983 and 1991. For those health groups for which data are available,there has been an increase in the ratio of health personnel graduating in B.C. relative to active personnelfor all but three groups over time: Occupational Therapists, and Physiotherapists show a decrease, whilePharmacists have fluctuated.3Fi re 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Selected Health Personnel in British Columbla!1991Regional HospitalDIstrictmGYROD CapitalIII OtherB.CBritish Columbia·Unknownsexcluded.OtherCanadaPlace of GraduationFigure 2Outside CanadaType of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Selected Health Personnel in British Columbia'1991 .60sos:::Q~ 40.=ii5 30i~ 20ct10O-jL--== =.i·Place of GradoaUonEi BritishColumbiao Other CanadaOutside CanadaNew Registrants·Unknowns excluded.Prepared by:Health Hwnan Resoorces UnitUniversity of BriUsh CoIwnbla 4All RegistrantsTable IPlace of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Selected Health Persennel' in British Columbia1991Greater Vancouver Capital OOlerILC. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Pen:ent2 Number Pen:ent2 Number Pen:ent2 Number Pen:ent2Canadian Subtotal 23.919 79.09 5,922 86.44 19,198 86.85 49,099 82.83Newfoundland 166 0.55 48 0.70 113 0.51 327 0.55Prince Edward Island 34 0.11 12 0.18 30 0.14 76 0.13Nova Scotia 453 1.49 123 1.80 302 1.37 878 1.48New Brunswick 148 0.49 33 0.48 112 0.51 293 0.49Quebec 982 3.24 181 2.64 355 1.61 1,518 2.56Ontario 2,937 9.69 850 12.41 1,964 8.88 5,751 9.70Manitoba 1,297 4.28 351 5.12 968 4.38 2,616 4.41Saskatchewan 917 3.02 286 4.17 1,166 5.27 2,369 4.00Alberta 2,066 6.81 686 10.01 2,340 10.59 5,092 8.59British Columbia 14,971 49.38 3,347 48.85 11,819 53.47 30,137 50.84Yukon Territory. 6 0.02 3 0.04 20 0.09 29 0.05Northwest Territories 1 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.01 4 0.01Canada (province unstated) 1 0.00 2 0.Q3 6 0.Q3 9 0.02Non-Canadian Subtotal 6,034 19.90 873 12.74 2,674 12.10 9,581 16.16North & Central America Subtotal 739 2.44 138 2.01 504 2.28 1,381 2.33Barbados 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00 2 0.00Belize 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00 1 0.00Bermuda 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00 1 0.00Cuba 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00E1Salvador 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Guatemala 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00 1 0.00Jamaica 20 0.07 3 0.04 8 0.04 31 0.05Mexico 8 0.Q3 0 0.00 4 0.02 12 0.02St. Lucia 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00 1 0.00St. Vincent 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Trinidad and Tobago 1 0.00 1 0.01 3 0.01 5 0.01United States of America 706 2.33 133 1.94 484 2.19 1,323 2.23N. & Central America (country unstated) 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00South America Subtotal 37 0.12 6 0.09 7 0.03 50 0.08Argentina 10 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 10 0.02Bolivia 0 0.00 1 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.00Brazil 4 0.01 0 0.00 2 0.01 6 0.01Chile 11 0.04 1 0.01 1 0.00 13 0.02Colombia 5 0.02 0 0.00 1 0.00 6 0.01Ecuador 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Guyana 3 0.01 1 0.01 1 0.00 5 0.01Paraguay 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00 1 0.00Peru 3 0.01 2 0.Q3 0 0.00 5 0.01Uruguay 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00 2 0.00Europe Subtotal 2,954 9.74 574 8.38 1,586 7.17 5,114 8.63Austria 16 0.05 2 0.03 7 0.03 25 0.04Belgium 9 0.03 0 0.00 3 0.01 12 0.02Bulgaria 1 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00 2 0.00Czechoslovakia 50 0.16 3 0.04 10 0.05 63 0.11Denmark 22 0.07 4 0.06 13 0.06 39 0.07Prepared by :Health Human Resoun:es UnitUniversity or British Columbia 5Table IPlace of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Selected Health Personnel' in British Columbia1991Gl'elIter Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Pereent2 Number Percent2 Number Pereent2 Number Pereent2Finland 9 0.03 1 0.01 3 0.01 13 0.02France 9 0.Q3 0 0.00 3 0.01 12 0.02Germany 78 0.26 8 0.12 57 0.26 143 0.24Greece 8 0.Q3 1 0.01 0 0.00 9 0.02Hungary 13 0.04 2 0.Q3 6 0.Q3 21 0.04Iceland I 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00 2 0.00Irish Republic (Eire) 131 0.43 10 0.15 76 0.34 217 0.37Italy 12 0.04 1 0.01 2 0.01 IS 0.03Kyrgyzstan 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Latvia 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Malta 1 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00 2 0.00Netherlands 59 0.19 14 0.20 82 0.37 ISS 0.26Norway 7 0.02 0 0.00 3 0.01 10 0.02Poland 43 0.14 1 0.01 5 0.02 49 0.08Portugal 4 0.01 0 0.00 3 0.01 7 0.01Romania 5 0.02 0 0.00 7 0.Q3 12 0.02Russia 2 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.00Spain 6 0.02 2 0.03 1 0.00 9 0.02Sweden 30 0.10 0 0.00 10 0.05 40 0.Q7Switzerland 16 0.05 2 0.Q3 5 0.02 23 0.04Ukraine 0 0.00 1 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.00United Kingdom 2,392 7.89 522 7.62 1,283 5.80 4,197 7.08Yugoslavia 27 0.09 0 0.00 4 0.02 31 0.05Europe (country unstated) 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Asia Subtotal 1,630 5.38 79 1.15 226 1.02 1,935 3.26Afghanistan 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00China 19 0.06 3 0.04 1 0.00 23 0.04Hong Kong 358 1.18 7 0.10 IS 0.Q7 380 0.64India 110 0.36 10 0.15 56 0.25 176 0.30Indonesia 3 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.01Iran 17 0.06 3 0.04 3 0.01 23 0.04Iraq 4 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.00 5 0.01Israel 11 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 11 0.02Iapan 18 0.06 2 0.03 1 0.00 21 0.04Iordan 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Kuwait 5 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.01Lebanon 4 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.00 5 0.01Macao 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Malays ia 20 0.07 0 0.00 3 0.01 23 0.04Myanmar 2 0.01 1 0.01 0 0.00 3 0.01Pakistan 13 0.04 1 0.01 2 0.01 16 0.03Philippines 872 2.88 48 0.70 123 0.56 1,043 1.76Republic of Yemen 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Saudi Arabia 23 0.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 23 0.04Singapore 36 0.12 1 0.01 5 0.02 42 0.Q7South Korea 40 0.13 1 0.01 5 0.02 46 0.08Sri Lanka 8 0.03 0 0.00 3 0.01 11 0.02Syria 2 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.00Taiwan 4S 0.15 1 0.01 6 0.03 52 0.09Thalland 4 0.01 1 0.01 1 0.00 6 0.01Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 6Table 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Selected Health Persennel' in British Columbia1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Percent' ~ Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'-Turkey 6 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.01Vietnam 6 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.01Africa Subtotal 242 0.80 25 0.36 144 0.65 411 0.69Egypt 22 0.07 2 0,03 7 0.03 31 0.05Ethiopia 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Ghana 1 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.02 5 0.01Kenya 14 0.05 0 0.00 1 0.00 IS 0.03Libya 4 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.01Mauritius 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Nigeria 5 0.02 0 0.00 1 0.00 6 0.DlSouth Africa 176 0.58 23 0.34 127 0.57 326 0.55Uganda 10 0.03 0 0.00 4 0.02 14 0.02Zambia 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Zimbabwe 7 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 7 0.01Oceania Subtotal 432 1.42 SI 0.74 207 0.94 690 1.16Australia 256 0.84 30 0.44 120 0.54 406 0.68Fiji 13 0.04 0 0.00 1 0.00 14 0.02New Zealand 163 0.54 21 0.31 86 0.39 270 0.46Unknown 30S 1.01 56 0.82 234 1.06 595 1.00TOTAL 30,318 100.00 6,851 100.00 22,106 ioo.oo 59,275 100.00'Includes Certified Dental Assistants , Dental Hygienists, Dentists, Licensed Practical Nurses, Registered Nurses ,Registered Psychiatric Nurses , Massage Practitioners, Occupational Therapists, Physiotherapists,Pharmacists, Psychologists, Physicians and Dietitians and Nutritionists.'Percentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 7Table 2New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Selected Health Personnel! in British Columbia1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace of Graduation Number Perc:ent~ Number Perc:ent~ Number Perc:ent~ Number Perc:ent~Canadian Subtotal 2,611 78.53 617 88.01 2,044 84.78 5~7Z 81.90Newfoundland IS 0.4S 10 1.43 20 0.83 4S 0.70Prince Edward Island 3 0.09 1 0.14 1 0.04 S 0.08Nova Scotia S8 1.74 2S 3.S7 48 1.99 131 2.04New Brunswick 17 O.SI S 0.71 14 0.S8 36 0.S6Quebec 90 2.71 17 2.43 27 1.12 134 2.08Ontario 380 11.43 lIS 16.41 231 9.58 726 11.28Manitoba 136 4.09 43 6.13 121 S.02 300 4.66Saskatchewan 94 2.83 33 4.71 116 4.81 243 3.78Alberta 247 7.43 S2 7.42 287 11.90 S86 9.10British Columbia I,S69 47.19 316 4S.08 1,174 48.69 3,OS9 47.52Yukon Territory 1 0.03 0 0.00 S 0.21 6 0.09Northwest Territories 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Non-Canadian Subtotal 646 19.43 65 9.17 198 11.36 1,009 15.68North & Central America Subtotal 103 3.10 13 1.85 60 2.49 176 2.73E1Salvador 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Guatemala 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 1 0.02Jamaica 4 0.12 0 0.00 1 0.04 S 0.08Mexico 1 0.03 0 0.00 1 0.04 2 0.03Trinidad and Tobago 0 0.00 1 0.14 1 0.04 2 0.03United States of America 97 2.92 12 1.71 S6 2.32 165 2.56South America Subtotal 3 0.09 1 0.14 1 0.04 5 0.08Brazil 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Colombia 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 1 0.02Ecuador 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Guyana 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Peru 0 0.00 1 0.14 0 0.00 I 0.02Europe Subtotal :us 7.97 34 4.85 111 5.01 4ZO 6.51Austria 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Belgium 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Bulgaria 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 1 0.02Czechoslovakia 10 0.30 1 0.14 1 0.04 12 0.19Denmark 1 0.03 0 0.00 1 0.04 2 0.03France 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.08 2 0.03Germany 11 0.33 1 0.14 S 0.33 20 0.31Hungary 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 1 0.02Iceland 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Irish Republic (Eire) 2S 0.7S 2 0.29 12 0.50 39 0.61Italy 1 0.03 0 0.00 1 0.04 2 0.03Kyrgyzstan 1 0.Q3 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Netherlands 3 0.09 0 0.00 8 0.33 11 0.17Poland 7 0.21 0 0.00 2 0.08 9 0.14Portuga! 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 I 0.02Romania 1 0.03 0 0.00 1 0.04 2 0.03Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Columbia 8Table 2New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Selected Health Personnel' in British Columbia1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.C. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Pen:entJ Number Pen:entJ Number PercentJ Number Pen:entJ-Sweden 4 0.12 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.06Switzerland 2 0.06 0 0.00 1 0.04 3 0.05Ukraine 0 0.00 1 0.14 0 0.00 1 0.02United Kingdom 194 5.83 29 4.14 80 3.32 303 4.71Yugoslavia 2 0.06 0 0.00 1 0.04 3 0.05Asia Subtotal 181 5.44 4 0.57 24 1.00 209 3.25Mghanistan 1 0.Q3 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Otina 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Hong Kong 55 1.65 1 0.14 4 0.17 60 0.93India 15 0.45 0 0.00 9 0.37 24 0.37Iran 4 0.12 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.06Iraq 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 1 0.02Israel I 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Japan 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Lebanon 1 0.Q3 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Malaysia 2 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.03Myanmar 0 0.00 1 0.14 0 0.00 1 0.02Pakistan 2 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.03Philippines 89 2.68 2 0.29 8 0.33 99 1.54Republic of Yemen 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Singapore 6 0.18 0 0.00 1 0.04 7 0.11South Korea 1 0.Q3 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Th811and 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 I 0.02Vietnam 1 0.Q3 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Africa Subtotal 34 1.02 7 1.00 69 1.86 110 1.71Egypt 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.08 2 0.03Ghana 1 0.03 0 0.00 1 0.04 2 0.03Kenya 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Libya 2 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.03SouthMrica 29 0.87 7 1.00 66 2.74 102 1.58Zimbabwe 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Oceania Subtotal 60 1.80 6 0.86 23 0.95 89 1.38Australia 47 1.41 5 0.71 17 0.71 69 1.07Fiji I 0.Q3 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.02New Zealand 12 0.36 1 0.14 6 0.25 19 0.30Unknown 68 2.05 19 2.71 69 1.86 156 2.42TOTAL 3,325 100.00 701 100.00 2,411 100.00 6,437 100.001Includes Certified Dental Assistants. Dental Hygienists, Dentists. Licensed Practical Nurses, Registered Nurses,Massage Practitioners, Occupational Therapists, Physiotherapists. Pharmacists. Psychologists and Physi cians .Registered Psychiatric Nurses and Dietitians and Nutritionists are excluded.JPercentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 9Table 3 Active Personnel, Number and Percentage DIstribution orB.C. Graduates'for Selected Health Personnel in British Columbia1983 to 199111983 1985 1987 1989 1991Active B.C. Active B.C. Active B.C. Active B.c. Active B.c.Per- Graduates Per- Graduates Per- Graduates Per- Graduates Per- Graduatessonnel-l!!!:...-~ sonnel -l!!!:...-~ sonnel -l!!!:...-~ sonnel -l!!!:...-~ sonnel -l!!!:...-~Dental PersonnelCertified Dental Assistants 2.204 2.084 94.6 2,670 2,459 92.1 2,995 2,774 92.6 3,476 3,202 92.1 3,838 3,511 91.5Dental Hygienists 513 232 45.2 602 269 44.7 664 295 44.4 823 352 42.8 907 431 47.5Dentists 1.745 434 24.9 1.808 529 29 .3 1.844 570 30.9 1.905 636 33.4 1,997 706 35.4Dietitians and Nutritionists-.- - - - - - - - -612 294 48.0Nursing PersonnelLic ensed Practical Nurses 6,599 4,422 67.0 6,173 4.205 68 .1 5,780 4,053 70.1 5,906 4,134 70.0 5,917 4,044 68 .3Registered Nurses 20.369 9,337 45.8 21,903 10.458 47.7 23.012 11,244 48.9 24,791 12.260 49.5 26.815 13.267 49.5.... Regis . Psychiatric Nurses- - -1,959 1,282 65.4 2,046 1,315 64.3 2,049 1,334 65.1= - -RehablUtation PersonnelMassage Pract itioners- - - - - -415 194 46.7 569 307 54.0Occupational Therapists-.- - 40 3 124 30.8 423 135 31.9 551 185 33.6Phys iotherapists-.- - - - - 1,472 397 27.0 1,678 455 27.1Phannaclsts 2,000 1,553 77. 7 2.046 1.610 78.7 2,171 1,722 79.3 2,284 1,822 79.8 2,396 1,912 79.8Psychologists- - - -704 254 36.1 708 269 38.0 744 278 37.4Physldans 6.035 1,191 19.7 6,405 1,378 21.5 6,656 1,531 23.0 7.093 1,710 24.1 7.596 1,892 24.9Total Unknowns) 306 237 187 370 5581 Number of active personnel and number of B.C. graduates refers to all Certified Dental Assistants, Licensed Dental Hygienists, Licensed Dentists, Dietitians and Nutritionists, Lic:eused Practical Nurses,Pharmacists, and Psychologists; }X'lICtising Registered Nurses, Registered Psychiatric Nurses, and Occupational Therapists; and full member Massage Practitioners, and Physiotherapists.2 The figures may differ from those of earlier reports, due to a change in the method of calculation and the listing of unknowns separately .) Personnel with unknown place of graduation are listed separate from the total number of active personnel for eachof the groups.Prepared by:Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of.British ColumbiaTable 4 Active Personnel, Number Graduating from B.C. Programs' and Training Index2for Selected Health Personnel in British Columbia1983 to 199131983 1985 1987 1989 1991Active Number Active Number Active Number Active Number Active NumberPer- Grad- Per- Grad- Per- Grad- Per- Grad- Per- Grad-sonnel Dating ...l!!!!!!.... sonnel Dating ...l!!!!!!.... sonnel Dating ...l!!!!!!.... sonnel Dating ...l!!!!!!.... sonnel Dating ...l!!!!!!....Dental PersonnelCertified Dental Assistants' 2,205 248 8.9 2,673 279 9.6 2,997 304 9.9 3,482 279 12.5 3,845 308 12.5Dental Hygienists' 513 20 25.7 602 20 30.1 . 66S 0 - 825 39 21.2 908Dentists 1,746 42 41.6 1,808 40 45.2 1,846 41 45.0 1,905 40 47.6 1,997 38 52.6Dietitians and Notrltlonlsts- - - - - - - - - - - -616 36 17.1Norslng PersonnelLicensed Practical Nurses' 6,891 353 19.5 6,402 244 26.2 5,934 233 25.5 6,080 139 43.7 6,168 113 54.6Registered Nurses7 20,374 716 28.5 21,906 700 31.3 23,015 710 32.4 24,803 791 31.4 26,826 718 37.4.... Regis. Psychiattic Nurses 1,849 90 20.5 1,978 72 27.5 1,959 72 27.2 2,075 69 30.1 2,223 55 40.4~Rehabilitation PersonnelOccupational Therapists- - - - - -426 16 26.6 431 23 18.7 557 30 18.6Physiocherapists- - - - - -1,493 19 78.6 1,549 25 62.0 1,713 30 57.1Phannadsts 2,004 83 24.1 2,048 65 31.5 2,172 97 22.4 2,285 91 25.1 2,418 120 20.2PhysidaDS 6,038 117 51.6 6,405 120 53.4 6,656 124 53.7 7,093 124 57.2 7,596 124 61.3I Source: PRODUCIlON report for the year specified. DatafO' 1981 through 1985 are calendar year; datafO' 1987 and 1989 are academic years 1986J87 and 1988/89 respectively.PRODUCIlON data for Massage Practitioners and Psychologists are not aVlllable.2 Training Index = Active personnel divided by the number graduating from B.C. programs.3 The figures may differ from those of earlier reports, due to a change in the method of calculation.• Number graduating includes those from Level U Dental Auxiliary programs and upgrading programs to Level U; 1983 figures include an estimate of twelve graduates from dental auxiliaryupgrading programs., The DUmber of B.C. graduates from Dental Hygiene for 199001 is not available as several colleges did not supply this information.I Number graduating does not include graduates from Selkirk College in 1990191, as this information was unavilable.7 Number graduating includes those from diploma, basic baccalaureate, and nursing access programs (except for Canboo College's RPNIRN access program for which no datawere available).Prepared by:Health Human Resources UnitUniversity 01. British Columbia12I. DENTAL SERVICES1314CERTIFIED DENTAL ASSISTANTS1516CERTIFIED DENTAL ASSISTANTSSource of Data:The College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia (CDSBC).lDefinition:Certified Dental Assistants (Level II Dental Auxiliaries) included in this report have registered withthe College of Dental Surgeons of B.C. and have paid their annual dues. (See ROLLCALL 91 fora detailed definition of this group.) On the date of record, they had British Columbia addresses andwere legally licensed to practise under the personal supervision of a duly licensed member of theCollege. They may or may not have been employed as certified dental assistants.Date of Record:December 1991.Discussion:Figure 1 and Table 1 show that B.C.-trained personnel account for 91.3 percent, and Canadian-trainedpersonnel, as a whole, account for 96.4 percent of the total (3,845). The absolute number of certifieddental assistants in B.C. has increased from 2,997 in 1987 to 3,482 in 1989 and to 3,845 in 1991,mostly due to an increase in B.C.-trained personnel (2,774 in 1987; 3,202 in 1989; 3,511 in 1991).There has also been an increase in the percentage of U.S.-trained certified dental assistants (1.8% in1987; 2.0% in 1989; 2.7% in 1991).Figure 2 and Table 2 show that of the 664 new registrants, 91.3 percent are Canadian graduates, and86.1 percent are B.C.-trained. Most notable is the total absence of any Ontario graduates among thenew registrants, and that all of the new registrants in the Capital Regional Hospital District wereCanadian-trained.'In order to practise as a certified dental assistant in B.C., it is necessary to be registered by the College ofDental Surgeons of B.C. and to hold a valid licence under the Dentists Act.17Fi re 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Certified Dental Assistants in British Columbia!December 19911009080IS 70i~ 60~ SOj 40~ 30&:20100Reglonlll HospitalDIstrictIEOVRDo CapitalIII Other B.C.British Columbia'Unknowns excluded.Other CanadaPlace of GraduationFigure 2Outside CanadaType of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Certified Dental Assistants in British Columbia!December 199110090806 70i=I! 60'lll~ sof 4030&:2010oPlace or Graduationiii BritishColumbia[J OtherCanadaIII Outside CanadaNewRegistrants'Unknowns excluded.Prepared by:Helllth Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 18All RegistrantsTable 1Certified Dental Assistants! in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherD.C. TotalPlace of Graduation Number Pel"ClentS Number PercentS Number PercentS Number Pel"Clent2-Canadian Subtotal 1,545 94.84 376 99.:n 1,785 97.17 3,706 96.38Nova Scotia 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03New Brunswick 0 0.00 1 0.26 1 0.05 2 0.05Ontario 2 0.12 0 0.00 4 0.22 6 0.16Manitoba 9 0.55 4 1.06 2 0.11 15 0.39Saskatchewan 7 0.43 1 0.26 12 0.65 20 0.52Alberta 55 3.3S 12 3.17 82 4.46 149 3.88British Columbia 1,470 90.24 358 94.46 1,683 91.62 3,511 91.31Northwest Territories 1 0.06 0 0.00 1 0.05 2 0.05Non-Canadian Subtotal 81 4.97 3 0.79 48 2.61 132 3.43North & Central America Subtotal 56 3.44 3 0.79 45 2.45 104 2.70Mexico 2 0.12 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.05United Stales of America 54 3.31 3 0.79 45 2.45 102 2.65South America Subtotal 2 0.12 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.05Arsentina 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.D3Ecuador 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Europe Subtotal 8 0.49 0 0.00 2 0.11 10 0.26Gennany 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05 1 0.D3Hungary 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Kyrgyzstan I 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Sweden 2 0.12 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.05United Kingdom 4 0.25 0 0.00 1 0.05 5 0.13Asia Subtotal 11 0.68 0 0.00 0 0.00 11 0.29Hong Kong 3 O.IS 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.08India 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Philipp ines 6 0.37 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.16Sri Lanka 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Oceania Subtotal 4 0.25 0 0.00 1 0.05 5 0.13Fij i 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.05 I 0.D3NewZcaJand 4 0.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.10Unknown 3 0.18 0 0.00 4 0.22 7 0.18TOTAL),4 1,629 100.00 379 100.00 1,837 100.00 3,845 100.00IDefini tions are as in the attached text.lpercentages may not add due to rounding .lExcludes ten Certified Dental Assistants with unknown addresses .~ese figures differ from the corresponding figures in ROLLCALL 91 because of changes in the method of calculation.Preparedby ;Health Human Resoul"CIeS UnitUniversity of British Columbia 19Table 2Certified Dental Assistants1 in British Columbia,New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherD.C. TotalPlace of Graduation Number PercentJ Number PercentJ Number PercentJ Number Pen:entJCanadian Subtotal 261 84.47 61 100.00 284 96.60 606 9l.27New Brunswick 0 0.00 I 1.64 0 0.00 1 0.15Manitoba 1 0.32 1 1.64 1 0.34 3 0.45Saskatchewan 3 0.97 0 0.00 5 1.70 8 1.20Alberta 7 2:1.7 3 4.92 11 3.74 21 3.16British Columbia 249 80.58 56 91.80 267 90.82 572 86.14Northwest Territories 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Non-Canadian Subtotal 46 14.89 0 0.00 9 3.06 55 8.28North & Central America Subtotal 33 10.68 0 0.00 8 2.72 41 6.17Mexico 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15United Stales of America 32 10.36 0 0.00 8 2.72 40 6.02South America Subtotal 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 U5Ecuador 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Europe Subtotal 3 0.97 0 0.00 1 0.34 4 0.60Kyrgyzstan 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Sweden 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15United Kingdom 1 0.32 0 0.00 1 0.34 2 0.30Asia Subtotal 9 2.91 0 0.00 0 0.00 9 1.36Hong Kong 3 0.97 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.45India 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Philippines 5 1.62 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.75Unknown 2 0.65 0 0.00 1 0.34 3 0.45TOTAL 309 100.00 61 100.00 294 100.00 664 100.00lDefinitions are as in the attached text,"Percentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Columbia 20DENTAL HYGffiNISTS2122DENTAL HYGIENISTSSource of Data:The College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia (CDSBC)IDefinition:Licensed Dental Hygienists (Levellll Dental Auxiliaries) included in this report have registered withthe College of Dental Surgeons of B.C. and have paid their annual dues. (See ROLLCALL 91 fora detailed definition of this group.) On the date of record, they had British Columbia addresses andwere legally licensed to practise dental hygiene under the direction of a duly licensed member of theCollege. They mayor may not have been employed as dental hygienists.Date of Record:December 1991.Discussion:All licensed dental hygienists (908) were trained either in Canada (87.9%) or the United States(11.3%) with the exception of seven (fable 1). Of the 798 trained in Canada, slightly more than half(54.0%) were trained in British Columbia. This latter percentage is an increase over recent years (53%in 1985; 52% in 1987; 49.2% in 1989; 54.0% in 1991). Graduates of Alberta programs are morelikely to reside in Other B.C. (20.5%) than in either the Greater Vancouver (12.6%), or the CapitalRegional Hospital District (13.6%). Conversely, graduates of Ontario programs are more likely toreside in the Capital Regional Hospital District (12.6%) than elsewhere (9.7% and 7.1% for the GreaterVancouver Regional Hospital District and Other B.C. Regional Hospital Districts, respectively).Overall, Ontario and Alberta together make up over a quarter (27.9%) of the Canadian-trainedhygienists in the province (N =798). These distributions are illustrated in Figure 1.Of the new registrants (Table 2 and Figure 2), 88.2 percent are Canadian graduates and B.C. graduatesaccount for 48.8 percent. Newly registered Ontario graduates are more likely to reside in the GreaterVancouver Regional Hospital District (16.3%) than in the Capital Region (4.4%) or Other B.C. (1.5%).Alberta-trained new registrants are most likely to reside in the Greater Vancouver Regional HospitalDistrict (11.3%) or the Other B.C. Regional Hospital Districts (14.9%) than in the Capital RegionalHospital District (4.4%).lIn order to practise as a dental hygienist in B.C., it is necessary to be registered by the College of DentalSurgeons of B.C. and to hold a valid licence or permit under the Dentists Act.23Fi re 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Dental Hygienists in British Columbia!December 1991Reglonlll HospitalDistrict1m GVROo Capital11II Other B.C.British Columbia'Unknowns excluded.Other CanadaPlace of GraduationFigure 2Outside CanadaType of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Dental Hygienists in British Columbia!December 1991504540i 3S=! 30'Illl!S 2S, 20It 1510S0-1"-.......,.=="""'----Place or GraduadonlID British Columbia[J Other Canada11II Outside CanadaNew Registrants'Unknowns excluded.Prepared by:Health Human Resoon:es UnitUniversity or British Columbia 24AIl RegistrantsTable 1Dental Hygienists! in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduatloo Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2-Canadian Subtotal 434 88.03 93 90.29 271 86.86 798 87.89Nova Scotia 16 3.25 3 2.91 10 3.21 29 3.19Quebec 13 2.64 4 3.88 5 1.60 22 2.42Ontario 48 9.74 13 12.62 22 7.05 83 9.14Manitoba 32 6.49 6 5.83 17 5.45 55 6.06Saskatchewan 16 3.25 10 9.71 12 3.85 38 4.19Alberta 62 12.58 14 13.59 64 20.51 140 15.42British Columbia 247 50.10 43 41.75 141 45.19 431 47.47Non-Canadian Subtotal 59 11.97 10 9.71 40 11.82 109 12.00North & Central America Subtotal 56 11.36 9 8.74 39 12.50 104 11.45Mexico 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.32 1 0.11United States of America 56 11.36 9 8.74 38 12.18 103 11.34Europe Subtotal 2 0.41 1 0.97 1 0.32 4 0.44Switzerland 1 0.20 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.11United Kingdom 1 0.20 1 0.97 1 0.32 3 0.33Africa Subtotal 1 0.20 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.11South Africa 1 0.20 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.11Unknown 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.32 1 0.11TOTAL3,4 493 100.00 103 100.00 312 100.00 908 100.00IDefinitions are as in the attached text.2Perccntages may not add due to rounding. CI3Excludes nine Dental Hygienists with unknown addresses.~ese figures differ from the corresponding figures in ROLLCALL 91 because of changes in the method of calculation.Prepared by ;Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 25Table 2Dental Hygienists l in British Columbia,New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.C. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent!Canadian Subtotal 71 88.75 21 91.30 58 86.57 150 88.24Nova Scotia 5 6.25 0 0.00 I 1.49 6 3.53Quebec 8 10.00 0 0.00 I 1.49 9 5.29Ontario 13 16.25 I 4.35 1 1.49 15 8.82Manitoba 5 6.25 1 4.35 5 7.46 11 6.47Saskatchewan 2 2.50 2 8.70 2 2.99 6 3.53Alberta 9 11.25 1 4.35 10 14.93 20 11.76British Columbia 29 36.25 16 69.57 38 56.72 83 48.82Non-Canadian Subtotal 9 11.25 2 8.70 9 13.43 20 11.76North & Central America Subtotal 7 8.75 1 4.35 8 11.94 16 9.41United States of America 7 8.75 1 4.35 8 11.94 16 9.41Europe Subtotal 1 1.25 1 4.35 1 1.49 3 1.76Switzerland 1 1.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.59United Kingdom 0 0.00 1 4.35 1 1.49 2 1.18Africa Subtotal 1 1.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 059South Africa 1 1.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.59TOTAL 80 100.00 23 100.00 67 100.00 170 100.00lDefinitions are as in the attached text.%Percentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 26DENTISTS2728DENTISTSSource of Data:The College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia (CDSBC). IDefinition:Licensed Dentists included in this report have registered with the College of Dental Surgeons of B.C.and have paid their annual dues. (See ROLLCALL 91 for a detailed defmition of this group.) Onthe date of record, they had British Columbia addresses and were legally licensed to practise dentistry.They mayor may not have been employed in the field of dentistry.Date of Record:September 1991.Discussion:Figure 1 summarizes the place of graduation for dentists in British Columbia. Canadian graduatesaccount for 82.8 percent of the 1,997 licensed dentists in the province (fable 1). B.C. graduatesrepresent 35.4 percent of the total, with Alberta graduates accounting for an additional 18.0 percent.The proportion of dentists who are B.C. graduates has been on the rise in recent years (29.3% in 1985;30.9% in 1987; 33.4% in 1989; 35.4% in 1991). The largest proportion of dentists residing in theGreater Vancouver Regional Hospital District and Other B.C. Regional Hospital Districts are graduatesof the B.C. program (38.7% and 34.0% respectively). In the Capital Regional Hospital District,however, the greatest proportion are graduates of the Alberta program (27.9%).Of the 343 non-Canadian graduates, 50.4 percent are from the United States and 27.4 percent are fromthe United Kingdom. The percentage of graduates from the United States has continued to declinefrom 66.5 percent in 1985, while the percentage from the United Kingdom has somewhat increasedfrom 20.5 percent in 1985.Table 2 and Figure 2 show the new registrants , of which 81.9 percent are Canadian-trained and 47.1percent are B.C.-trained. B.C. graduates accounted for 60.0 percent of the new registrants in theCapital Regional Hospital District, but only 45.2 percent in the Greater Vancouver Regional HospitalDistrict and 46.4 percent in the Other B.C. Regional Hospital Districts.lIn order to practise as a dentist in B.C., it is necessary to be registered by the College of Dental Surgeons ofB.C. and to hold an unexpired annual certificate (licence) under the Dentists Act.29Fi re 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Dentists in British ColumbiaDecember 1991Regional HospitalDIstrictImOVRDo CapitalII1II OtherB.C.British Columbia Other CanadaPlace of GraduatIonFigure 2Outside CanadaType of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Dentists in British ColumbiaDecember 1991504540i 35~ 30'Ill~ 25..J 20~ 15105Or---""= ==------'Place orGraduationlID British Columbia[] Other CanadaII1II Outside CanadaNew Rq:istrantsPrepared by;Health Human Resources UnitUniversity orBrlUsb Columbia 30All RegistrantsTable IDentists' in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital <>therB.C. TotalPlace or Graduation Nwnber Pen:entZ Nwnber Pen:entZ Nwnber PercentZ Nwnber Pen:entZCanadian Subtotal 991 84.70 168 85.28 495 78.57 1,654 8U2Nova Scotia 3S 2.99 4 2.03 8 1.27 47 2.3SQuebec 100 805S 18 9.14 46 7.30 164 8.21Ontario 114 9.74 32 16.24 4S 7.14 191 9.S6Manitoba 106 9.06 18 9.14 32 S.08 IS6 7.81Saskatchewan 14 1.20 2 1.02 14 2.22 30 I.S0Alberta 169 14.44 SS 27.92 136 21.S9 360 18.03British Columbia 4S3 38.72 39 19.80 214 33.97 706 3S.3SNon-Canadian Subtotal 179 15.30 29 14.72 135 21.43 343 17.18North & Central America Subtotal 82 7.01 13 6.60 79 12.54 174 8.71Mexico 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 O.OSUnited States of America 81 6.92 13 6.60 79 12.S4 173 8.66South America Subtotal 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Cht1e 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 O.OSEurope Subtotal 67 5.73 15 7.61 49 7.78 131 6.56Belgium 2 0.17 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.10Czechoslovakia 1 0.09 1 0051 1 0.16 3 O.ISGennany 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16 1 O.OSHungary I 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 O.OSIceland 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.16 1 O.OSIrish Republic (Eire) 6 0051 0 0.00 3 0.48 9 O.4SNetherlands 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.63 4 0.20Poland 6 O.SI 0 0.00 1 0.16 7 0.3SRomania 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.48 3 O.ISSweden 1 0.09 0 0.00 2 0.32 3 O.ISUnited Kingdom 48 4.10 14 7.11 32 S.08 94 4.71Yugoslavia 2 0.17 0 0.00 1 0.16 3 O.ISAsia Subtotal 13 1.11 0 0.00 2 0.32 15 D.75Afghanistan 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 O.OSChina 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 I O.OSIndia 4 0.34 0 0.00 2 0.32 6 0.30Iraq 2 0.17 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.10Malaysia 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 I O.OSSingapore 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 I O.OSTaiwan 2 0.17 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.10Vietnam 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 O.OSAfrica Subtotal 2 0.17 0 0.00 2 0.32 4 0.20Egypt 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16 1 O.OSLibya 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 I O.OSSouth Africa 1 0.09 0 0.00 1 0.16 2 0.10Oceania Subtotal 14 1.20 1 0.51 3 0.48 18 0.90Australia 9 0.77 0 0.00 3 0.48 12 0.60New Zealand S 0.43 1 005 1 0 0.00 6 0.30TOTALJ 1,170 100.00 197 100.00 630 100.00 l,997 100.00IDefinitiOIlS are as in the attached text,'Percentages may not add due to rounding.lThese figures differ from the corresponding figures in ROLLCALL 91 because of changes in the method of calculation.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Colwnbla 31Table 2 -Dentlsts! in British Columbia,New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2Canadian Subtotal 68 80.95 14 93.33 45 80.36 127 81.94Nova Scotia 1 1.19 1 6.67 1 1.79 3 1.94Quebec 3 3.57 1 6.67 4 7.14 8 5.16Ontario 8 9.52 2 13.33 1 1.79 11 7.10Manitoba 8 9.52 1 6.67 3 5.36 12 7.74Saskatchewan 2 2.38 0 0.00 2 3.57 4 2.58Alberta 8 9.52 0 0.00 8 14.29 16 10.32British Columbia 38 45.24 9 60.00 26 46.43 73 47.10Non-Canadian Subtotal 16 19.05 1 6.67 11 19.64 28 18.06North & Central America Subtotal 2 2.38 0 0.00 2 3.57 4 258United States of America 2 2.38 0 0.00 2 3.57 4 2.58Europe Subtotal 9 10.71 1 6.67 6 10.71 16 10.32Belgium 1 1.19 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.65Czechoslovakia 1 1.19 1 6.67 0 0.00 2 1.29Germany 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.79 1 0.65Irish Republic (Eire) 1 1.19 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.65Poland 2 2.38 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 1.29United Kingdom 3 3.57 0 0.00 4 7.14 7 4..52Yugoslavia 1 1.19 0 0.00 1 1.79 2 1.29Asia Subtotal 3 3.57 0 0.00 1 1.79 4 258Mghanistan 1 1.19 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.65India 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.79 1 0.65Malaysia 1 1.19 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.65Vietnam 1 1.19 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.65Africa Subtotal 1 1.19 0 0.00 2 3.57 3 1.94Egypt 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.79 1 0.65Libya 1 1.19 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.65South Africa 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.79 I 0.65Oceania Subtotal 1 1.19 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.65Australia 1 1.19 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.65TOTALJ 84 100.00 15 100.00 56 100.00 ISS 100.00lDefi nitions are as in the attached text.Ipercentages may not add due to rounding.S'Jhese figures differ from the corresponding figures in ROLLCALL 91 because of an error in the method of calculationwed for ROLLCALL 91 dentists.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 32II. MEDICAL ANDTREATMENT SERVICES3334PHARMACISTS3536PHARMACISTSSource of Data:College of Pharmacists of British Columbia.'Definition:Pharmacists included in this report were registered with the College of Pharmacists of B.C. (SeeROLLCALL 91 for a detailed definition of this group.) On the date of record, they had BritishColumbia addresses and were legally licensed to practise as pharmacists. They mayor may not havebeen employed in the field of pharmacy.Date of Record:December 1991.Discussion:Table 1 shows that B.C. graduates account for 79.1 percent of all pharmacists in B.C. (2,418). Whenpharmacists with unknown place of graduation are excluded (22 of the 2,418 total), the figures forB.C.-trained pharmacists are almost exactly the same for 1989 and 1991 (79.8% and 79.7%,respectively). Among those whose place of graduation is known, Canadian graduates account for 94.7percent, roughly the same as in 1989 (94.6%). Of the pharmacists residing in the Greater VancouverRegional Hospital District, 81.3 percent were trained in B.C. This figure is somewhat lower in theCapital Regional Hospital District (73.3%), where, in addition, 9.7 percent are Saskatchewan-trained.Other B.C. falls in between with 76.5 percent B.C.-trained and 9.4 percent Saskatchewan-trainedpersonnel. Only 5.1 percent of all pharmacists in B.C. are non-Canadian graduates; most graduatedin the United Kingdom (2.0%) or the United States (1.3%). (See also Figure 1.)There were 2,032 pharmacists employed in pharmacy in 1991 (Table 2). Of these, 94.0 percent wereCanadian graduates and 79.6 percent were B.C. graduates. The non-Canadian graduates accounted foronly 5.27 percent of that total (2,032).Table 3 and Figure 2 show the new registrants. Overall, 95.0 percent were Canadian-trained and 75.8percent were B.C. trained. In the Capital Regional Hospital District, 100.0 percent were Canadian­trained, with B.C. graduates accounting for 75.0 percent, and a notable percentage of Manitobagraduates (12.5%). In Other B.C., B.C. graduates accounted for 74.4 percentand Alberta graduatesfor 10.0 percent.lIn order to practise as a pharmacist in B.C., it is necessary to be registered by the College of Pharmacists ofB.C. under the Pharmacists Act.37Figure 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Pharmacists in British Columbia!December 1991908070I:f 40e 30It 20100-fL-'==~~Regional HospitalDIstrict!DOVRDD CapitalIII Other B.C.British ColumbialUnknownsexcluded.Other CanadaPlace of GraduationFi re2Outside CanadaType of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Pharmacists in British Columbia!December 1991807060ISs,Cl SO~i!S 40i! 30It 2010oPlace of Graduationiii British Columbia[J Other CanadaIII Outside CanadaNew RegistrantslUnknoWDS excluded.Prepared by:Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Columbia 38All RegistrantsTable IPharmacists' in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Van couver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Percentl Number Percentl Number Percentl Number PercentlCanadian Subtotal 1,333 9U3 208 95.85 731 95.56 2,272 93.96Nova Scotia 12 0.84 1 0.46 3 0.39 16 0.66New Brunswick 1 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Quebec 6 0.42 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.25Ontario 21 1.46 0 0.00 10 1.31 31 1.28Manitoba 27 1.88 11 5.07 16 2.09 54 2.23Saskatchewan 48 3.34 21 9.68 72 9.41 141 5.83Alberta 50 3.48 16 7.37 45 5.88 111 4.59British Columbia 1,168 81.34 159 73.27 585 76.47 1,912 79.07Non-Canadian Subtotal 89 6.20 8 3,69 27 3.53 124 5.13North & Central America Subtotal 20 1.39 0 0.00 11 1.44 31 1.28United States of America 20 1.39 0 0.00 11 1.44 31 1.28Europe Subtotal 43 2.99 5 2.30 12 1.57 60 2.48Germany 1 0.07 1 0.46 1 0.13 3 0.12Greece 0 0.00 1 0.46 0 0.00 1 0.04Hungary 1 0.07 0 0.00 1 0.13 2 0.08Italy 1 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Romania 1 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04United Kingdom 35 2.44 3 1.38 10 1.31 48 1.99Yugoslavia 4 0.28 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.17Asia Subtotal 17 1.18 2 0.92 1 0.13 20 0.83Japan 1 0.07 1 0.46 1 0.13 3 0.12Pakistan 1 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Philippines 5 0.35 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.21Singapore 1 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04South Korea 1 0.07 1 0.46 0 0.00 2 0.08Taiwan 5 0.35 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.21Turkey 1 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Vietnam 2 0.14 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.08Africa Subtotal 5 0.35 1 0.46 3 0.39 9 0.37Egypt 1 0.07 1 0.46 0 0.00 2 0.08South Africa 4 0.28 0 0.00 3 0.39 7 0.29Oceania Subtotal 4 0.28 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.17Australia 3 0.21 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.12NewZea1and 1 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Unknown 14 0.97 1 0.46 7 0.92 22 0.91TOTAL 1,436 100.00 217 100.00 765 100.00 2,418 100.00lDcfinitiODS are as in the attached text,!Percentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human ResollnleS UnitUniversity or British Columbia 39Table 2Pharmaelsts' in British Columbia,Employed in Pharmacyby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OCherB.C. TotalPlace 01 Graduation Number PercentJ Number PereentJ Number PereentJ Number PercentJCanadian Subtotal 1,060 91.66 186 95J18 663 95.53 1,909 93.95Nova Scotia 9 0.79 1 0.52 2 0.29 12 0.59Quebec 5 0.44 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.25Ontario 13 1.14 0 0.00 7 1.01 20 0.98Manitoba 21 1.84 8 4.12 13 1.87 42 2.07Saskatchewan 35 3.06 20 10.31 66 9.51 121 5.95Alberta 37 3.23 15 7.73 39 5.62 91 4.48British Columbia 940 82.17 142 73.20 536 77.23 1,618 79.63Non-Canadian Subtotal 75 6.56 7 3.61 2S 3.60 107 5:nNorth & Central America Subtotal 18 1.57 0 0.00 10 1.44 28 1.38United States of America 18 1.57 0 0.00 10 1.44 28 1.38Europe Subtotal 35 3.06 4 1.06 11 1.59 50 1.46Germany 1 0.09 1 0.52 1 0.14 3 0.15Greece 0 0.00 1 0.52 0 0.00 1 0.05Hungary 1 0.09 0 0.00 1 0.14 2 0.10Italy 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Romania 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05United Kingdom 29 2.53 2 1.03 9 1.30 40 1.97Yugoslavia 2 0.17 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.10Asia Subtotal 15 1.31 2 1.03 1 0.14 18 0.89Iapan 1 0.09 1 0.52 1 0.14 3 0.15Pakistan 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Philippines 5 0.44 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.25Singapore 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05South Korea 1 0.09 1 0.52 0 0.00 2 0.10Taiwan 4 0.35 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.20Turkey 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Vietnam 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Africa Subtotal 4 0.35 1 0.52 3 0.43 8 0.39Egypt 1 0.09 1 0.52 0 0.00 2 0.10South Africa 3 0.26 0 0.00 3 0.43 6 0.30Oceania Subtotal 3 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.15Austral ia 2 0.17 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.10NewZeaIand 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Unknown 9 0.79 1 0.52 6 0.86 16 0.79TOTAL 1,144 100.00 194 100.00 694 100.00 2,032 100.00IDefinitions are as in the attached text."Percentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity 01 British Columbia 40Table 3Pharmacists! in British Columbia,New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Gnduatlon Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number' Percent2Canadian Subtotal 181 94.17 16 100.00 B6 95.56 283 94.97Nova Scotia 4 2.08 0 0.00 1 1.11 5 1.68Quebec 2 1.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.67Ontario 5 2.60 0 0.00 3 3.33 8 2.68Manitoba 10 5.21 2 12.50 2 2.22 14 4.70Saskatchewan 5 2.60 1 6.25 4 4.44 10 3.36Alberta 8 4.17 1 6.25 9 10.00 18 6.04British Columbia 147 76.56 12 75.00 67 74.44 226 75.84Non-Canadian Subtotal 10 s.n 0 0.00 4 4.44 14 4.70North & Central America Subtotal 3 1.56 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 1.01United Stales of America 3 1.56 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 1.01Europe Subtotal 6 3.13 0 0.00 2 2.22 8 2.68Germany 1 0.52 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.34United Kingdom 4 2.08 0 0.00 2 2.22 6 2.01Yugoslavia I 0.52 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.34Africa Subtotal 1 0.51 0 0.00 1 2.11 3 1.01South Africa 1 0.52 0 0.00 2 2.22 3 1.01Unknown 1 0.s1 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.34TOTAL 191 100.00 16 100.00 90 100.00 198 100.00IDefinitions are as in the attached text1Percentages may not add due to rounding,"These figures differ from the corresponding figures in ROLLCALL 91 because of changes in the method of calculation.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 4142PHYSICIANS43PHYSICIANSSource(s) of Data:The College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia', the Medical Services Commission ofBritish Columbia (MSC), and the teaching hospitals and institutions in British Columbia.Definitions:Directory Active Physicians are registered in British Columbia by the College of Physicians andSurgeons of B.C. On the date of record, they had B.C. addresses and were licensed to practisemedicine. Directory Active includes physicians who are on the full, special or temporary registers(temporary includes those who are in postgraduate training or who have a temporary licence topractise).Postgraduate Physicians are Directory Active Physicians who, according to the records of the Collegeof Physicians and Surgeons of B.C., are involved in postgraduate work. They may be fully registeredor on the temporary (educational) register.Non-Postgraduate Physicians are Directory Active Physicians who, according to the records of theCollege of Physicians and Surgeons of B.C., are not involved in postgraduate work.See ROLLCALL 91 for detailed definitions of these groups.Date of Record:January 1992.Discussion:Data are presented for all directory active physicians only in all the tables. Figure 1 summarizes theplace of graduation for all physicians in British Columbia, and Figure 2 for non-postgraduatephysicians only. Data for all physicians are found in Table I, for non-postgraduate physicians inTable 2, for postgraduate physicians in Table 3, and for non-postgraduate new registrants in Table4.B.C. graduates account for 24.9 percent and Canadian graduates account for 69.9 percent of alldirectory active physicians (7,596). The percentage of B.C. graduates continues to rise (23.0% in1987~ 24.1% in 1989). While B.C. is the largest provincial source of graduates, Ontario ranks a closesecond (15.7%), and Alberta schools have also supplied a significant proportion of B.C.'s currentdirectory active physicians (12.1%). United Kingdom-trained physicians constitute 13.2 percent of thedirectory active total. This has continued to drop over the past six years from the 17.8 percent figurein 1981. Graduates from the United States represent a very minor proportion (1.4%) of all activelIn order to practise medicine in B.C., it is necessary to be registered by the College of Physicians andSurgeons of B.C. under the Medical Practitioners Act.44physicians. Among physicians with addresses in the Capital Regional Hospital District, there arealmost equal proportions of B.C.-trained (18.7%) and Ontario-trained (18.5%) personnel, but a slightlylarger percent are United Kingdom-trained (19.1%).Among non-postgraduate physicians (Table 2), B.C. graduates comprise 24.7 percent and Canadiangraduates comprise 69.8 percent of the total (6,919). Of the non-postgraduate physicians residing inthe Capital Regional Hospital District, it is interesting to note that 18.5 percent are graduates ofOntario programs, and an additional 19.9 percent are from the United Kingdom, while only 17.6percent are B.C. graduates.Of the 677 postgraduate physicians (Table 3), Canadian graduates account for 71.6 percent and B.C.graduates for 27.3 percent. In the Capital Regional Hospital District, 100 percent of the postgraduatephysicians are Canadian-trained. Alberta-trained personnel comprise 42.9 percent and Ontario-trainedpersonnel 28.6 percent of the postgraduate physicians in Other B.C., while B.c.-trained account foronly 7.1%.Non-postgraduate new registrants (Table 4) have a notable percentage of South African-trainedpersonnel (13.4% of the total, or 43.3% of the non-Canadian graduates). This is especially apparentin Other B.C., where South African graduates account for 25.3 percent and B.C. graduates for only16.5 percent of the total (n = 133).45Fi re 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Physicians in British ColumbiaJanuary 1992Regional HospitalDIstrictDOVRDQ CapitalIIilII OtherB.C.BritishColumbia Other CanadaPlace of GraduationFigure 2Outside CanadaType of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Non-Postgraduate Physicians in British ColumbiaJanuary 1992504540i 35i~ 30l!S 25wr 20115105oPlace of Graduation1m BritishColumbiao Other CanadaIII Outside CanadaPreparedby:Health Homan Resources UnitUniversity of British ColombiaNew Registrants46AU RegistrantsTable IPhyslelans! in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJanuary 1992Grater Vancouver Capital OtherB.C. Total.Place or Graduation Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2Canadian Subtotal 3,222 70.15 610 72.36 1,481 68.56 5,313 6~M4Newfoundland 41 0.89 12 1.42 18 0.83 71 0.93Nova Scotia 99 2.16 29 3.44 SO 2.31 178 2.34Quebec 286 6.23 45 5.34 68 3.15 399 5.25Ontario 717 15.61 156 18.51 316 14.63 1,189 15.65Manitoba 222 4.83 55 6.52 101 4.68 378 4.98Saskatchewan 156 3.40 24 2.85 106 4.91 286 3.77Alberta 451 9.82 131 15.54 338 15.65 920 12.11British Columbia 1,250 27.22 158 18.74 484 22.41 1.892 24.91Non-Canadian Subtotal 1,371 29.85 233 27.64 679 31.44 2,283 30.06North & Central America Subtotal 83 1.81 10 1.19 39 1.81 132 1.74Cuba I 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.01Guatemala 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05 1 0.01Jamaica 10 0.22 1 0.12 3 0.14 14 0.18Mexico 4 0.09 0 0.00 3 0.14 7 0.09United States of America 68 1.48 9 1.07 32 1.48 109 1.43South America Subtotal 16 0.35 3 0.36 1 0.05 20 0.26Argentina 4 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.05Bolivia 0 0.00 I 0.12 0 0.00 1 0.01Brazil 3 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Chile 4 0.09 I 0.12 0 0.00 5 0.07Colombia 3 0.07 0 0.00 1 0.05 4 0.05Peru 2 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.03Uruguay 0 0.00 I 0.12 0 0.00 I 0.01Europe Subtotal 752 16.37 182 21.59 435 20.14 1,369 18.02Austria 6 0.13 0 0.00 2 0.09 8 0.11Belgium 3 0,07 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Bulgaria I 0.02 0 0.00 1 0.05 2 0.D3Czechoslovakia 21 0.46 2 0.24 4 0.19 27 0.36Denmark I 0.02 I 0.12 1 0.05 3 0.04Finland 2 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.D3France 5 0.11 0 0.00 1 0.05 6 0.08Germany 25 0.54 3 0.36 10 0.46 38 0.50Greece 5 0.11 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.07Hungary 9 0.20 I 0.12 4 0.19 14 0.18Irish Republic (Eire) 89 1.94 9 1.07 61 2.82 159 2.09Italy 9 0.20 1 0.12 1 0.05 11 0.14Latvia 1 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.01Malta I 0.02 0 0.00 I 0.05 2 0.D3Netherlands 12 0.26 I 0.12 11 0.51 24 0.32Poland 22 0.48 0 0.00 2 0.09 24 0.32Romania 3 0.07 0 0.00 2 0.09 5 0,07Russia 1 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01Spain 4 0.09 2 0.24 0 0.00 6 0.08Sweden 5 0.11 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.07Switzerland 6 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.08Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 47Table 1Physicians1 in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJanuary 1992Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Pen:ent2 Number Pen:ent2 Number Pen:ent2 Number Pen:ent2-Ukraine 0 0.00 I 0.12 0 0.00 I 0.01United Kingdom 510 11.10 161 19.10 333 15.42 1.004 13.22Yugoslav ia 11 0.24 0 0.00 I 0.05 12 0.16Asia Subtotal 292 6.36 14 1.66 62 2.87 368 4.84Olina 17 0.37 2 0.24 I 0.05 20 0.26Hong Kong 56 1.22 2 0.24 2 0.09 60 0.79India 61 1.33 3 0.36 33 1.53 97 1.28Indoncs ia I 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.01Iran 11 0.24 2 0.24 2 0.09 IS 0.20Iraq I 0.02 0 0.00 I 0.05 2 0.03Israel 6 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.08Japan 11 0.24 0 0.00 0 0.00 11 0.14Jordan I 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.01Kuwait 5 0.11 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.07Lebanon 2 0.04 0 0.00 I 0.05 3 0.04Malaysia 3 0.Q7 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Myanmar 2 0.04 1 0.12 0 0.00 3 0.04Pakistan 9 0.20 1 0.12 I 0.05 11 0.14Philippincs 26 0.57 3 0.36 10 0.46 39 0.51Saudi Arabia 23 0.50 0 0.00 0 0.00 23 0.30Singapore 6 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.08South Korea 14 0.30 0 0.00 4 0.19 18 0.24Sri Lanka 3 0.07 0 0.00 1 0.05 4 0.05Syria 2 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.Q3Taiwan 22 0.48 0 0.00 6 0.28 28 0.37Thailand 3 0.Q7 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Turkey 4 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.05Vietnam 3 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Africa Subtotal 148 3.22 18 2.14 112 5.19 278 3.66Egypt 16 0.35 1 0.12 2 0.09 19 0.25Ghana 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.05 I 0.01Kenya 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.05 I 0.01Libya 3 0.Q7 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Nigeria 3 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04South Africa 113 2.46 17 · 2.02 104 4.81 234 3.08Uganda 9 0.20 0 0.00 4 0.19 13 0.17Zambia 1 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 omZimbabwe 3 0.Q7 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Oceania Subtotal 80 1.74 6 0.71 30 1.39 116 1.53Australia 42 0.91 5 0.59 17 0.79 64 0.84Fiji 3 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04New Zealand 35 0.76 I 0.12 13 0.60 49 0.65TOTAL 4,593 100.00 843 100.00 2,160 100.00 7,596 100.00IDcfinitiODS are as in the attached text.JPerccntagcs may not add due to rounding .Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 48Table 2Physlclans! in British Columbia,Non-Postgraduateby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJanuary 1992Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2- -Canadian Subtotal 2,784 7o.:z3 576 7l.20 1,468 68.41 4,828 69.78Newfoundland 32 0.81 12 1.48 17 0.79 61 0.88NovaScotia 88 2.22 27 3.34 50 2.33 165 2.38Quebec 246 6.21 45 5.56 67 3.12 358 5.17Ontario 625 15.77 150 18.54 312 14.54 1,087 15.71Manitoba 203 5.12 53 6.55 101 4.71 357 5.16Saskatchewan 134 3.38 23 2.84 106 4.94 263 3.80Alberta 374 9.43 124 15.33 332 15.47 830 12.00British Columbia 1,082 27.30 142 17.55 483 22.51 1,707 24.67Non-Canadian Subtotal 1,180 29.77 233 28.80 678 31.59 2,091 30.22North & Central America Subtotal 74 1.87 10 1.24 39 1.82 123 1.78Cuba I 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.01Guatemala 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.05 I 0.01Jamaica 10 0.25 I 0.12 3 0.14 14 0.20Mexico 3 0.08 0 0.00 3 0.14 6 0.09United States of America 60 1.51 9 1.11 32 1.49 101 1.46South America Subtotal 14 0.35 3 0.37 1 0.05 18 0.26Argentina 3 0.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Bolivia 0 0.00 I 0.12 0 0.00 I 0.01Brazil 2 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.03Chile 4 0.10 I 0.12 0 0.00 5 0.07Colombia 3 0.08 0 0.00 1 0.05 4 0.06Peru 2 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.03Umguay 0 0.00 I 0.12 0 0.00 I 0.01Europe Subtotal 684 17.26 182 22.50 435 20.27 1,301 18.80Austria 6 0.15 0 0.00 2 0.09 8 0.12Belgium 2 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.03Bulgaria 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.05 I 0.01Czechoslovakia 18 0.45 2 0.25 4 0.19 24 0.35Denmark 0 0.00 1 0.12 1 0.05 2 0.03Finland 1 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01France 5 0.13 0 0.00 1 0.05 6 0.09Germany 18 0.45 3 0.37 10 0.47 31 0.45Greece 5 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.Q7Hungary 8 0.20 I 0.12 4 0.19 13 0.19Irish Republic (Eire) 81 2.04 9 1.11 61 2.84 151 2.18Italy 7 0.18 1 0.12 I 0.05 9 0.13Latvia I 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01Malta I 0.03 0 0.00 1 0.05 2 0.03Netherlands 12 0.30 1 0.12 11 0.51 24 0.35Poland 18 0.45 0 0.00 2 0.09 20 0.29Romania 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.09 2 0.03Spain 3 0.08 2 0.25 0 0.00 5 0.07Sweden 3 0.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Switzerland 6 0.15 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.09Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 49Table2Physicians' in British Columbia,Non-Postgraduateby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJanuary 1992Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number PercentJ Number PercentJ Number PercentJ Number PercentJ-Ukraine 0 0.00 I 0.12 0 0.00 1 O.QIUnited Kingdom 479 12.08 161 19.90 333 15.52 973 14.06Yugoslavia 10 0.25 0 0.00 I 0.05 11 0.16Asia Subtotal 224 5.65 14 1.73 62 2.89 300 4.34China 14 0.35 2 0.25 I 0.05 17 0.25Hong Kong SO 1.26 2 0.25 2 0.09 54 0.78India 53 1.34 3 0.37 33 1.54 89 1.29Indonesia I 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.01Iran 10 0.25 2 0.25 2 0.09 14 0.20Iraq I 0.03 0 0.00 1 0.05 2 0.03Israel 4 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.06Japan 5 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0,07Lebanon 2 0.05 0 0.00 1 0.05 3 0.04Malaysia 3 0.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Myanmar 2 0.05 I 0.12 0 0.00 3 0.04Pakistan 6 0.15 1 0.12 I 0.05 8 0.12Philippines 25 0.63 3 0.37 10 0.47 38 0.55Singapore 6 0.15 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.09South Korea 12 0.30 0 0.00 4 0.19 16 0.23Sri Lanka 2 0.05 0 0.00 I 0.05 3 0.04Syria I 0.03 0 0.00 a 0.00 1 0.01Taiwan 21 0.53 0 0.00 6 0.28 27 0.39Turkey 3 0.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Vietnam 3 0.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Africa Subtotal 121 3.05 18 2.22 111 5.17 250 3.61Egypt 9 0.23 I 0.12 2 0.09 12 0.17Ghana 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.05 I 0.01Kenya 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.05 I O.QILibya I 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.01Nigeria 3 0.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04South Africa 95 2.40 17 2.10 103 4.80 215 3.11Uganda 9 0.23 a 0.00 4 0.19 13 0.19Zambia I 0.03 a 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.01Zimbabwe 3 0.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04Oceania Subtotal 63 1.59 6 0.74 30 1.40 99 1.43Australia 29 0.73 5 0.62 17 0.79 51 0.74Fiji 3 0.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.04NewZea1and 31 0.78 1 0.12 13 0.61 45 0.65TOTAL 3,964 100.00 809 100.00 2,146 100.00 6,919 100.00IDefinitions are as in the attached text,. JPercentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 50Table3Physlcians! in British Columbia,Postgraduateby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJanuary 1992Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.C. TotalPlace or Gnduatlon Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent!-Canadian Subtotal 438 6!J.63 34 100.00 13 92.86 48S 71.64Newfoundland 9 1.43 0 0.00 1 7.14 10 1.48Nova Scotia 11 1.75 2 5.88 0 0.00 13 1.92Quebec 40 6.36 0 0.00 I 7.14 41 6.06Ontario 92 14.63 6 17.65 4 28.57 102 15.07Manitoba 19 3.02 2 5.88 0 0.00 21 3.10Saslcatchewan 22 3.50 1 2.94 0 0.00 23 3.40Alberta 77 12.24 7 20.59 6 42.86 90 13.29British Columbia 168 26.71 16 47.06 I 7.14 185 27.33Non-Canadian Subtotal 191 30.37 0 0.00 1 7.14 192 28.36North & Central America Subtotal 9 1.43 0 0.00 0 0.00 9 1.33Mexico I 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.15United States of Ame rica 8 1.27 0 0.00 0 0.00 8 1.18South America Subtotal 2 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.30Argentina 1 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.15Brazil 1 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Europe Subtotal 68 10.81 0 0.00 0 0.00 68 10.04Belgium I 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Bulgaria 1 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Czechoslovakia 3 0.48 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.44Denmark I 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Finland 1 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Gennany 7 1.11 0 0.00 0 0.00 7 1.03Hungary 1 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Irish Republic (Eire) 8 1.27 0 0.00 0 0.00 8 1.18Italy 2 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.30Poland 4 0.64 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.59Romania 3 0.48 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.44Russia I 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.15Spain 1 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Sweden 2 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.30United Kingdom 31 4.93 0 0.00 0 0.00 31 4.58Yugoslavia 1 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Asia Subtotal 68 10.81 0 0.00 0 0.00 68 10.04China 3 0.48 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.44Hong Kong 6 0.95 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.89India 8 1.27 0 0.00 0 0.00 8 1.18Iran 1 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Israel 2 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.30Iapan 6 0.95 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.89Iordan 1 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.15Kuwait 5 0.79 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.74Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 51Table 3Physicians! in British Columbia,Postgraduateby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictPlace or GraduationPakistanPhilippinesSaudi ArabiaSouth KoreaSri LankaSyriaTaiwanThailandThrkeyAfrica SubtotalEgyptLibyaSouth AfricaOceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandTOTALlDefinitions are as in the attached text.JPercentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British ColwnblaJanuary 1992Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalNwnber Pen:entJ Nwnber Pen:entJ Nwnber PercentJ Nwnber Pen:entJ3 0.48 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.44I 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.1523 3.66 0 0.00 0 0.00 23 3.402 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.30I 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.151 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.15I 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.153 0.48 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.44I 0.16 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.1527 4.19 0 0.00 1 7.14 28 4.147 1.11 0 0.00 0 0.00 7 1.032 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.3018 2.86 0 0.00 1 7.14 19 2.8117 2.70 0 0.00 0 0.00 17 2.5113 2.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 13 1.924 0.64 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.59619 100.00 34 100.00 14 100.00 677 100.0052Table4Physicians1 in British Columbia,Non-Postgraduate New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJanuary 1992Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.C. TotalPlace or Graduation Nwnber Percent2 Nwnber Percent2 Nwnber Percent2 Nwnber Percent2-Canadian Subtotal 245 78.03 55 7'1..37 133 56.12 433 69.06Newfoundland 4 1.27 4 5.26 2 0.84 10 1.59Nova Scotia 12 3.82 4 5.26 5 2.11 21 3.35Quebec 17 5.41 2 2.63 3 1.27 22 3.51Ontario 58 18.47 18 23.68 32 13.50 108 17.22Manitoba 14 4.46 8 10.53 6 2.53 28 4.47Saskatchewan 8 2.55 4 5.26 11 4.64 23 3.67Alberta 40 12.74 4 5.26 35 14.17 79 12.60British Columbia 92 29.30 11 14.47 39 16.46 142 22.65Non-Canadian Subtotal 69 2l.97 21 27.63 104 43.88 194 30.94North & Central America Subtotal 1 0.32 0 0.00 3 1.27 4 0.64Guatemala 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.42 1 0.16Jamaica 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.42 1 0.16Mexico 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.42 1 0.16United States of America 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16South America Subtotal 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.42 1 0.16Colombia 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.42 1 0.16Europe Subtotal 34 10.83 12 15.79 33 13.92 79 12.60Austria 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Bulgaria 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.42 1 0.16Germany 1 0.32 0 0.00 1 0.42 2 0.32Irish Republic (Eire) 8 2.55 2 2.63 10 4.22 20 3.19Italy 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.42 1 0.16Poland 1 0.32 0 0.00 2 0.84 3 0.48Sweden 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Ukraine 0 0.00 1 1.32 0 0.00 1 0.16United Kingdom 22 7.01 9 11.84 18 7.59 49 7.81Asia Subtotal 11 3.50 1 1.32 5 2.11 17 2.71India 6 1.91 0 0.00 2 0.84 8 1.28Iraq 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.42 1 0.16Lebanon 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Myanmar 0 0.00 1 1.32 0 0.00 1 0.16Pakistan 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Philippines 2 0.64 0 0.00 2 0.84 4 0.64Singapore 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Africa Subtotal 18 5.73 7 9.21 60 25.32 8S 13.56Libya 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16South Africa 17 5.41 7 9.21 60 25.32 84 13.40Oceania Subtotal 5 1.59 1 1.32 2 0.84 8 1.28Australia 1 0.32 1 1.32 2 0.84 4 0.64New Zealand 4 1.27 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.64TOTAL 314 100.00 76 100.00 237 100.00 627 100.00lDefinitions are as in the attached text.JPercentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Colwnbla S3S4ill. NURSING SERVICES55S6LICENSED PRACTICAL NURSES57LICENSED PRACTICAL NURSESSource of Data:British Columbia Council of Licensed Practical Nurses.'Definition:Licensed Practical Nurses included in this report were registered with the B.C. Council of LicensedPractical Nurses. (See ROLLCALL 91 for a detailed definition of this group.) On the date of recordthey had British Columbia addresses and held valid licences. They mayor may not have beenemployed as licensed practical nurses.Date of Record:September 1991.Discussion:Table 1 shows that Canadian-trained graduates account for 90.1 percent of the total licensed practicalnurse population residing in B.C., as reported in the Council's registration database of licensedmembers (6,168). B.C. graduates account for 65.6 percent of the total. (Figure 1.)Among the 360 graduates of non-Canadian Schools, United Kingdom-trained graduates comprise 45.8percent and Asian-trained personnel comprise 23.6 percent; overall, non-Canadian graduates are 5.8percent of the total. Canadian-trained personnel are more likely to reside in the Capital RegionalHospital District or Other B.C. than in the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District The latterregion is favoured by personnel with non-Canadian training.In comparing 1989 figures with those of 1991, it can be seen that the proportions of Canadian (94.0%in 1989; 93.9% in 1991) and non-Canadian graduates (6.0% in 1989; 6.1% in 1991) whose place ofgraduation is known has remained relatively constant. In 1991, however, the proportion of L.P.N.swhose place of graduation is unknown (4.1% of the total in 1991) is considerably larger than what itwas in 1989 (2.9%). The number of nurses licensed by the Council of L.P.N.s increased from a totalof 6,080 in 1989 to a total of 6,168 in 1991. This follows a six-year decline in the mid-1980's innumbers of licensed personnel, from a peak of 7,024 in 1982 to a low of 5,701 in 1988.Of the 4,842 L.P.N.s who indicated they were employed in nursing (Table 2), 89.5 percent wereCanadian graduates, and-65.0 percent of the total were B.C. graduates. Non-Canadian graduatesaccounted for 6.2 percent of the employed Licensed Practical Nurses.!In order to assume the designation Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) in B.C., it is necessary to be registeredby the B.C. Council of Licensed Practical Nurses and to hold a valid licence under the Nurses (LicensedPractical) Act.·58Table 3 lists 739 L.P.N.s as new registrants. Of these, 77.5 percent were Canadian-trained, and 45.1percent were B.C.-trained personnel (Figure 2). Ontario graduates account for a large percentage(20.3%) of the new registrants in the Capital Regional Hospital District, as compared to the GreaterVancouver Regional Hospital District or Other B.C. (10.8% and 11.4% respectively). The non­Canadian new registrants accounted for 6.6 percent, and the place of graduation is unknown for 15.8percent of new registrants.59Figure 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Licensed Practical Nurses in British Columbia!September 1991Regional HospitalDIstrictIi! OVRDo CapitalIII Other B.C.BritishColumbiaIUnknOWDS excluded.OtherCanadaPlace of GraduationFi re2Outside CanadaType of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Licensed Practical Nurses in British Columbia!September 1991Place of GraduationD BritishColumbia[J OtherCanada11II Outside CanadaNew RegistrantsIUnknoWDS excluded.Preparedby:Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Columbia 60ADRegistrantsTable 1Licensed Practical Nurses! in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictSeptember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Perunt2 Number Perunt2 Number Perunt2 Number Percent2Canadian Subtotal 1,804 83.83 618 91.83 3,135 93.78 5,s57 90.09Newfoundland 7 0.33 2 0.30 16 0.48 25 0.41Prince Edward Island 3 0.14 3 0.45 3 0.09 9 0.15Nova Scotia 24 1.12 13 1.93 37 1.11 74 1.20New Brunswick 8 0.37 1 0.15 11 0.33 20 0.32Quebec . 28 1.30 6 0.89 9 0.27 43 0.70Ontario ISO 6.97 55 8.17 186 5.56 391 6.34Manitoba 101 4.69 23 3.42 138 4.13 262 4.25Saskatchewan 44 2.04 16 2.38 108 3.23 168 2.72Alberta 125 5.81 46 6.84 310 9.27 481 7.80British Columbia 1,307 60.73 448 66.57 2.289 68.47 4.044 65.56Yukon Territory 6 0.28 3 0.45 20 0.60 29 0.47Northwest Territories 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.06 2 0.D3Canada (province unstated) 1 0.05 2 0.30 6 0.18 9 0.15Non-Canadian Subtotal 247 11.48 27 4.01 86 2.57 360 5.84North & Central America Subtotal 19 0.88 3 0.45 19 0.57 41 0.66Barbados 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03 1 0.02United States of America 18 0.84 3 0.45 18 0.54 39 0.63N. & Central America (country unstated) 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02South America Subtotal 1 0.05 0 0.00 1 0.03 2 0.03Guyana 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Paraguay 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03 1 0.02Europe Subtotal 133 6.18 16 2.38 51 1.53 200 3.24Austria 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Czechoslovakia 6 0.28 0 0.00 1 0.03 7 0.11Denmark 1 0.05 1 0.15 2 0.06 4 0.06Finland 1 0.05 0 0.00 2 0.06 3 0.05France 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Germany 7 0.33 0 0.00 3 0.09 10 0.16Hungary 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Italy 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Netherlands 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03 1 0.02Poland 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Sweden 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Switzerland 1 0.05 1 0.15 0 0.00 2 0.03United Kingdom 109 5.07 14 2.08 42 1.26 165 2.68Yugoslavia 2 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.03Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 61Table ILicensed Practical Nurses' in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictSeptember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.C. TotalPlace or Gnduatlon Nwnber Percent1 Nwnber Percent1 Nwnber Percent1 Nwnber Percent1Asia Subtotal 69 3.21 7 1.04 9 0.27 85 1.38Hong Kong 27 1.25 1 0.15 1 0.03 29 0.47India 0 0.00 1 0.15 0 0.00 1 0.02Israel 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Japan 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Malaysia 3 0.14 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.05Philippines 35 1.63 5 0.74 8 0.24 48 0.78Singapore 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Taiwan 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Africa Subtotal 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Mauritius 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02SouthMrica 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Oceania Subtotal 13 1.07 1 0.15 6 0.18 30 0.49Australia 7 0.33 1 0.15 2 0.06 10 0.16Fiji 10 0.46 0 0.00 0 0.00 10 0.16NewZea1and 6 0.28 0 0.00 4 0.12 10 0.16Unknown 101 4.69 18 4.16 111 3.65 151 4.07TOTAV 1,151 100.00 673 100.00 3,343 100.00 6,168 100.00IDefinitions are as in the attached text,1Percentages may not add due to rounding.'1bese figures differ from the corresponding figures in ROLLCALL 91 because of chanlle! in the method of calculation.Prepared by :Heallh Human Resources UnitUnlvenlty or British Colwnbla 62Table 2Licensed Practical Nurses! in British Columbia,Employed in Nursingby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictSeptember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.C. TotalPlace or Graduation Nwnber PercentJ Nwnber PercentJ Nwnber PercentJ Nwnber PercentJCanadian Subtotal 1,454 82.85 480 92.31 2,400 93.49 4,334 89.51Newfoundland 7 0.40 2 0.38 12 0.47 21 0.43Prince Edward Island 3 0.17 3 0.58 2 0.08 8 0.17Nova Scotia 19 1.08 10 1.92 31 1.21 60 1.24New Brunswick 6 0.34 0 0.00 9 0.35 15 0.31Quebec 24 1.37 5 0.96 5 0.19 34 0.70Ontario 124 7.07 42 8.08 135 5.26 301 6.22Manitoba 86 4.90 19 3.65 104 4.05 209 4.32Saskatchewan 32 1.82 13 2.50 82 3.19 127 2.62Alberta 96 5.47 40 7.69 244 9.51 380 7.85British Columbia 1.050 59.83 342 65.71 1.756 68.41 3.148 65.01Yukon Territory 6 0.34 3 0.58 13 0.51 22 0.45Northwest Territories 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 1 0.02Canada (province unstated) 1 0.06 1 0.19 6 0.23 8 0.17Non-Canadian Subtotal 216 12.31 17 3.17 66 1.57 199 6.18North & Central America Subtotal 13 0.74 3 0.58 10 0.39 16 0.54Barbados 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 1 0.02United Stales of America 12 0.68 3 0.58 9 0.35 24 0.50N. & Central America (country unstated) 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02South America Subtotal 1 0.06 0 0.00 1 0.04 1 0.04Guyana 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Paraguay 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 1 0.02Europe Subtotal 117 6.67 8 1.54 41 1.64 167 3.45Austria 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Czechoslovakia 6 0.34 0 0.00 1 0.04 7 0.14Denmark 1 0.06 1 0.19 2 0.08 4 0.08Finland 1 0.06 0 0.00 2 0.08 3 0.06France 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Germany 5 0.28 0 0.00 3 0.12 8 0.17Hungary 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Netherlands 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 1 0.02Poland 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Sweden 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Switzerland 1 0.06 1 0.19 0 0.00 2 0.04United Kingdom 96 5.47 6 1.15 33 1.29 135 2.79Yugoslavia 2 0.11 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.04Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Colwnbla 63Table 2Licensed Practical Nurses! in British Columbia,Employed in Nursingby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictSeptember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.C. TotalPlace or Graduation Number PenlentJ Number PenlentJ Number PenlentJ Number PenlentJAsia Subtotal 64 3.65 5 0.96 8 0.31 77 1.59Hong Kong 22 1.25 1 0.19 1 0.04 24 0.50Israel 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Japan 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Malaysia 3 0.17 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.06Philippines 35 1.99 4 0.77 7 0.27 46 0.95Singapo re 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Taiwan 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Africa Subtotal 2 0.11 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.04Mauritius 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02South Africa 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Oceania Subtotal 19 1.08 1 0.19 5 0.19 25 0.52Australia 6 0.34 1 0.19 1 0.04 8 0.17Fiji 9 0.51 0 0.00 0 0.00 9 0.19New Zealand 4 0.23 0 0.00 4 0.16 8 0.17Unknown 8S 4.84 23 4.42 101 3.93 109 4.32TOTAL 1,755 100.00 520 100.00 2,567 100.00 4,842 100.00'Definitions are as in the attached text2Percentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 64Table 3Licensed Practical Nurses! in British Columbia,New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictSeptember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OdterB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number PercentJ Number PercentJ Number PercentJ Number PercentJCanadian Subtotal 220 74.07 56 75.68 297 80.71 573 77.54Newfoundland 1 0.34 0 0.00 6 1.63 7 0.95NovaScotia 1 0.34 4 5.41 6 1.63 11 1.49New Brunswick 1 0.34 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.14Quebec 6 2.02 0 0.00 1 0.27 7 0.95Ontario 32 10.77 15 20:1.7 42 11.41 89 12.04Manitoba 12 4.04 3 4.05 16 4.35 31 4.19Saskatchewan 4 1.35 2 2.70 15 4.08 21 2.84Alberta 14 4.71 7 9.46 46 12.50 67 9.07British Columbia 148 49.83 2S 33.78 160 43.48 333 45.06Yukon Territory 1 0.34 0 0.00 5 1.36 6 0.81Non-Canadian Subtotal 32 10.77 3 4.05 14 3.80 49 6.63North & Central America Subtotal 2 0.67 0 0.00 2 0.54 4 0.54United Stales of America 2 0.67 0 0.00 2 0.54 4 0.54Europe Subtotal 16 5.39 1 1.70 9 1.45 17 3.65Gennany 1 0.34 0 0.00 1 0.27 2 0.27Italy 1 0.34 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.14Sweden 1 0.34 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.14United Kingdom 13 4.38 2 2.70 8 2.17 23 3.11Asia Subtotal 13 4.38 1 1.35 1 0.54 16 1.17Hong Kong 2 0.67 0 0.00 1 0.27 3 0.41Philippines 11 3.70 1 1.35 1 0.27 13 1.76Oceania Subtotal 1 0.34 0 0.00 1 0.17 1 0.17Australia 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.27 I 0.14FIji 1 0.34 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.14Unknown 45 15.15 15 10.17 57 15.49 117 15.83TOTAL 297 100.00 74 100.00 368 100.00 739 100.00IDefinitions are as in the attached text.JPercentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 6566REGISTERED NURSES67REGISTERED NURSESSource of Data:Registered Nurses Association of British Columbia (RNABC).tDefinition:A Registered Nurse may hold a practising or non-practising membership in the RNABC. Apractising Registered Nurse mayor may not be employed in nursing. A non-practising RegisteredNurse who commences employment in nursing in British Columbia must convert to practisingmembership. The tables, derived from the register of the RNABC, include only Registered Nurses(RNs) who were B.C. residents at the date of record.It is also possible to be a member of the RNABC and to practise as a Licensed Graduate Nurse (LGN).See ROLLCALL 91 for a detailed definition of these groups.Date of Record:June 1991.Discussion:No data are included here for Licensed Graduate Nurses.Data are presented for the entire RN population in Figure 1 and Table 1. Table 2 depicts onlypractising RNs, and Table 3 shows practising RNs who are employed In nursing. Data for non­practising RNs are in Table 4. Practising new registrants are summarized in Figure 2 and Table 5.In Figure 1 and Table 1, Canadian graduates account for 84.4 percent of the total number of registerednurses (29,266); B.C. graduates represent 49.5 percent of this provincial total, unchanged from 1989(49.4%) and 10.8 percent are Ontario graduates. Non-Canadian graduates make up 15.5 percent ofthe total number . Of these 4,541 non-Canadian graduates, 41.8 percent are from the United Kingdom(down from 1989 when 43.6 percent were U.K. graduates) and 29.6 percent are from Asia, themajority having graduated from the Philippines (20.2%).Practising Registered Nurses (Table 2) show the same trends as seen in Table 1 for all RegisteredNurses. Canadian-trained nurses account for 84.4 percent of the practising nurses, and BritishColumbia graduates for 49.5 percent Non-Canadian graduates represent 15.6 percent of practisingRegistered Nurses.tIn order to practise as a Registered Nurse or as a Licensed Graduate Nurse in B.C., it is necessary to beregistered by the RNABC under the Nurses (Registered) Act. Members of the RNABC have exclusive use ofthe titles: Registered Nurse (RN), or Licensed Graduate Nurse (LGN).68Table 3 shows that British Columbia graduates represent 49.7 percent of practising nurses employedin nursing. This table indicates that among those practising and employed in nursing, there is a muchhigher proportion of graduates from non-Canadian programs in the Greater Vancouver RegionalHospital District (20.6%) than in either the Capital Regional Hospital District (10.7%) or Other B.C.Hospital Districts (10.3%).The proportions of non-practising Registered Nurses (Table 4) are similar to their practisingcounterparts employed in nursing (Table 3). Non-practising B.C. graduates represent 49.5 percent,compared to 49.7 percent of the practising membership employed in nursing. In addition, theproportions of Canadian graduates for non-practising Registered Nurses and for practising nursesemployed in nursing are almost the same (84.8% and 84.4%, respectively). These data are identicalto the data in 1989.Table 5 and Figure 2 show that Canadian-trained Registered Nurses account for 84.7 percent ofpractising new registrants, similar to practising nurses (84.4%). British Columbia graduates representslightly less of the practising new registrants (44.7%) than of the total practising membership (49.5%),while the reverse is true for Ontario (12.5% and 10.7% respectively) and Alberta (10.4% and 8.7%respectively).69Fi re 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Registered Nurses in British Columbia!June 1991Regional HospItalDIstrictIEOVRDI.] CapitalIII!!I OtherB.C.BritishColumbia'Unknownsexcluded.Other CanadaPlace of GraduationFigure 2Outside CanadaType of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Practising Registered Nurses in British Columbia!June 1991SO4540~ 35~ 30l!S 25"r 20! 15105Place ofGraduationmBritishColumbiao Other CanadaIII!!I Outside CanadaNew Registrants'Unknownsexcluded.Prepared by:Health Human Resoun:es UnitUnJverslty of British Columbia 70AURegistrantsTable 1Registered Nurses! in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJune 1991Grater Vancouver Capital <>therB.C. TotalPlace of Gnduatlon Number Pen:entJ Number Pen:entJ Number PercentJ Number Pen:entJCanadian Subtotal 11,677 79.71 3,260 88.85 9,775 89.19 24,712 84.44Newfoundland 116 0.79 33 0.90 79 0.72 228 0.78Prince Edward Island 28 0.19 9 0.25 25 0.23 62 0.21Nova Scotia 233 1.59 63 1.72 167 1.53 463 t.s8New Brunswick 132 0.90 30 0.82 97 0.89 259 0.88Quebec 431 2.94 75 2.04 193 1.76 699 2.39Ontario 1,534 10.47 457 12.46 1,157 10.57 3,148 10.76Manitoba 644 4.40 185 5.04 546 4.99 1,375 4.70Saskatchewan 533 3.64 176 4.80 745 6.80 1,454 4.97Alberta 967 6.60 350 9.54 1,233 11.26 2,550 8.71British Columbia 7,059 48.19 1,882 51.29 50533 50.54 14,474 49.46Non-Canadian Subtotal 2,964 20.23 407 11.09 1,170 10.69 4,541 15.52North & Central America Subtotal 259 1.77 55 1.50 208 1.90 522 1.78Barbados 0 0.00 1 0.Q3 0 0.00 1 0.00Belize 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00Bennuda 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00EI Salvador 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Jamaica 10 0.07 2 0.05 5 0.05 17 0.06Sl. Lucia 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00St. Vincent 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Trinidad and Tobago 1 0.01 1 0.Q3 3 0.03 5 0.02United Slates of America 246 1.68 51 1.39 197 1.80 494 1.69South America Subtotal 11 0.08 3 0.08 2 0.02 16 0.05Argentina 4 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.01Chile 4 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.01Guyana 2 0.01 1 0.03 1 0.01 4 0.01Peru 1 0.01 2 0.05 0 0.00 3 0.01Uruguay 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00Europe Subtotal 1,277 8.72 262 7.14 673 6.15 2,212 7.56Austria 7 0.05 2 0.05 3 0.Q3 12 0.04Belgium 4 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.01Czechoslovakia 16 0.11 0 0.00 1 0.01 17 0.06Denmark 16 0.11 2 0.05 9 0.08 27 0.09Finland 6 0.04 0 0.00 1 0.01 7 0.02France 3 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.01Gennany 30 0.20 0 0.00 27 0.25 57 0.19Greece 2 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 omHungary 0 0.00 1 0.Q3 1 0.01 2 0.01Iceland 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Irish Republic (Eire) 35 0.24 1 0.03 12 0.11 48 0.16Netherlands 32 0.22 9 0.25 32 0.29 73 0.25Norway 4 0.03 0 0.00 3 0.03 7 0.02Poland 8 0.05 1 0.03 0 0.00 9 0.03Portugal 4 0.03 0 0.00 3 0.03 7 0.02Romania I 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.01 2 0.01Russia I 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Spain 2 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.01 3 0.01Sweden 15 0.10 0 0.00 5 0.05 20 0.07Switzerland 6 0.04 0 0.00 4 0.04 10 0.03Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Columbia 71Table 1Registered Nurses! in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJune 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OCherB.C. TotalPlace 01Graduation Number PClUllt2 Number PClUllt2 Number PClUllt2 Number Percent2United Kingdom 1,081 7.38 246 6.70 569 5.20 1,896 6.48Yugoslavia 3 0.02 0 0.00 1 0.01 4 0,01Asia Subtotal 1,153 un 50 1.36 139 U7 1,341 4.59China 0 0.00 1 0.03 0 0.00 1 0.00Hong Kong 239 1.63 4 0.11 10 0.09 253 0.86India 35 0.24 5 0.14 16 0.15 56 0.19Indonesia 2 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0,01Iran 5 0.03 1 0.03 1 0.01 7 0.02Iraq 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Israel 2 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0,01Japan 5 0.03 1 0.03 0 0.00 6 0.02Lebanon 2 0,01 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.01Macao 1 0,01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Malaysia 13 0.09 0 0.00 3 0.03 16 0.05Pakistan 3 0.02 0 0.00 1 0.01 4 0,01Philippines 778 5.31 35 0.95 102 0.93 915 3.13Republic of Yemen 1 0,01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Singapore 26 0.18 1 0.03 2 0.02 29 0.10South Korea 24 0.16 0 0.00 1 0,01 25 0.09Sri Lanka I 0.01 0 0.00 2 0.02 3 0,01Taiwan 13 0.09 1 0.03 0 0.00 14 0.05Thailand 1 0.01 1 0.03 1 0.01 3 0.01liJrkey 1 0,0\ 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Africa Subtotal 58 0.40 5 0.14 19 0.17 81 0.18Egypt 3 0.02 0 0.00 2 0.02 5 0.02Ethiopia I 0,01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Ghana 1 0.01 0 0.00 3 0.03 4 0,01Kenya 13 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 13 0.04Nigeria 2 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.01 3 0.01South Africa 33 0.23 5 0.14 13 0.12 51 0.17Uganda 1 0,01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Zimbabwe 4 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.01Oceania Subtotal 106 1.41 31 0.87 1Z9 1.18 367 U5Australia 127 0.87 20 0.55 76 0.69 223 0.76New Zealand 79 0.54 12 0.33 53 0.48 144 0.49Unknown 8 0.05 1 0.05 3 0.03 13 0.04TOTAL 14,649 100.00 3,669 100.00 10,948 100.00 19,z66 100.00lDefinitions are as in the attached text.JPercentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Researees UnitUniversity 01British Columbia 72Table2Registered Nurses' In British Columbia,Practisingby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJune 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OOIerB.C. TotalPlace or GraduatJon Nwnber Pen:ent2 Number Pen:ent2 Nwnber Pen:ent2 Nwnber Pen:ent2-Canadian Subtotal 10,725 79.39 1,973 89.33 lI,945 89.56 22,643 84.41Newfoundland 110 0.81 33 0.99 74 0.74 217 0.81Prince Edward Island 27 0.20 9 0.27 23 0.23 59 0.22Nova Scotia 213 1.58 60 1.80 154 1.54 427 1.59New Brunswick 121 0.90 28 0.84 92 0.92 241 0.90Quebec 394 2.92 65 1.95 178 1.78 637 2.37Ontario 1,400 10.36 413 12.41 1,050 10.51 2,863 10.67Manitoba 592 4.38 170 5.11 496 4.97 1,258 4.69Saskatchewan 485 3.59 165 4.96 680 6.81 1,330 4.96Alberta 894 6.62 322 9.68 1,128 11.29 2,344 8.74British Colwnbia 6,489 48.03 1,708 51.32 5,Q70 50.76 13,267 49.46Non-Canadian Subtotal 2,778 20.56 354 10.64 1,040 10.41 4,172 15.55North & Central America Subtotal 233 1.72 47 1.41 179 1.79 459 1.71Barbados 0 0.00 1 0.03 0 0.00 1 0.00Belize 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00Bennuda 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00E1Salvador 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Iamaica 10 0.07 2 0.06 4 0.04 16 0.06St Lucia 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00St Vincent 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Trinidad and Tobago 0 0.00 1 0.03 2 0.02 3 0.01United States of America 221 1.64 43 1.29 170 1.70 434 1.62South America Subtotal 9 0.07 3 0.09 2 0.02 14 0.05Argentina 4 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.01Qule 3 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.01Guyana 2 0.01 1 0.03 1 0.01 4 0.01Peru 0 0.00 2 0.06 0 0.00 2 0.01Uruguay 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00Europe Subtotal 1,177 8.71 227 6.82 590 5.91 1,994 7.43Austria 5 0.04 1 0.03 3 0,03 9 0.03Belgium 4 0,03 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.01Czechoslovakia 16 0.12 0 0.00 1 0.01 17 0.06Denmark 13 0.10 2 0.06 9 0.09 24 0.09Finland 6 0.04 0 0.00 1 0.01 7 0.03France 3 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.01Germany 27 0.20 0 0.00 23 0.23 50 0.19Greece 2 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.01Hungary 0 0.00 1 0.03 1 0.01 2 0.01Iceland 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Irish Republic (Eire) 34 0.25 1 0.03 11 0.11 46 0.17Netherlands 31 0.23 6 0.18 29 0.29 66 0.25Norway 3 0.02 0 0.00 3 0.03 6 0.02Poland 8 0.06 1 0.03 0 0.00 9 0.03Portugal 4 0.03 0 0.00 2 0.02 6 0.02Romania 1 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.01 2 0.01Russia 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Spain 2 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.01 3 0.01Preparedby :Health Human Resoun:es UnitUnIversity orBritish Colwnbla 73Table2Registered Nurses! in British Columbia,Practisingby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJune 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.C. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2Sweden 12 0.09 0 0.00 5 0.05 17 0.06Switzel'land 6 0.04 0 0.00 2 0.02 8 0.03United Kingdom 996 7.37 215 6.46 497 4.98 1,708 6.37Yugoslavia 2 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.01 3 0.01Asia Subtotal 1,110 s.:z:z 46 1.38 131 1.31 1,287 4.80China 0 0.00 1 0.Q3 0 0.00 1 0.00Hong Kong 225 1.67 3 0.09 8 0.08 236 0.88India 34 0.25 5 0.15 16 0.16 55 0.21Indonesia 2 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.01Iran 5 0.04 1 0.03 1 0.01 7 0.Q3Iraq 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Israel 2 0,0\ 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.01Japan 4 0.Q3 1 0.03 0 0.00 5 0.02Lebanon 2 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.01Macao 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Malaysia 12 0.09 0 0.00 3 0.03 15 0.06Pakistan 3 0.02 0 0.00 1 0.01 4 0.01Philippines 758 5.61 32 0.96 96 0.96 886 3.30Republic of Yemen 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Singapore 25 0.19 1 0.Q3 2 0.02 28 0.10South Korea 20 0.15 0 0.00 1 0.01 21 0.08Sri Lanka 1 0.01 0 0.00 2 0.02 3 0.01Taiwan 13 0.10 1 0.Q3 0 0.00 14 0.05Thailand 1 0.01 1 0.03 1 0.01 3 0.01Africa Subtotal 53 0.39 5 U5 17 0.17 75 0.28Egypt 3 0.02 0 0.00 2 0.02 5 0.02Ethiopia 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Ghana 1 0.01 0 0.00 3 0.03 4 0.01Kenya 12 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 12 0.04Nigeria 2 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.01 3 0.01South Africa 29 0.21 5 0.15 11 0.11 45 0.17Uganda 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Zimbabwe 4 0.Q3 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.01Oceania Subtotal 196 1.45 26 0.78 121 l.21 343 1.28Australia 122 0.90 17 0.51 71 0.71 210 0.78New Zealand 74 0.55 9 0.27 50 0.50 133 0.50Unknown 7 0.05 1 0.03 3 0.03 11 0.04TOTAL 13,510 100.00 3,328 100.00 9,988 100.00 26,826 100.00I Definitions are as in the attached text.2I'ercentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 74Table 3Registered Narses! in British Columbia,Practising Employed in Nursingby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJune 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace of Graduatloo Number Percentl Number Percentl Number Percentl Number PercentlCanadian Subtotal 10,358 79.34 1,833 89.28 8,566 89.66 21,757 84.39Newfoundland 107 0.82 32 1.01 71 0.74 210 0.81Prince Edward Island 25 0.19 8 0.25 22 0.23 55 0.21Nova Scotia 204 1.56 58 1.83 144 1.51 406 1.57New Brunswick 115 0.88 26 0.82 86 0.90 227 0.88Quebec 380 2.91 62 1.95 . 164 1.72 606 2.35Ontario 1,337 10.24 389 12.26 998 10.45 2,724 10.57Manitoba 566 4.34 160 5.04 474 4.96 1,200 4.65Saskatchewan 469 3.59 160 5.04 653 6.83 1,282 4.97Alberta 860 6.59 306 9.64 1,078 11.28 2,244 8.70British Columbia 6,295 48.22 1,632 51.43 4,876 51.04 12,803 49.66Non-Canadian Subtotal 2,690 20.61 339 10.68 98S 10.31 4,014 15.57North & Central America Subtotal 220 1.69 43 1.36 159 1.66 422 1.64Barbados 0 0.00 1 0.03 0 0.00 1 0.00Belize 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00Bermuda 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00E1Salvador 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Jamaica 10 0.08 2 0.06 4 0.04 16 0.06St. Lucia 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00St. Vincent 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Trinidad and Tobago 0 0.00 1 0,03 1 0.01 2 0.01United States of America 208 1.59 39 1.23 151 1.58 398 1.54South Ameriat Subtotal 9 0.07 3 0.09 2 0.02 14 0.05Argentina 4 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.02Chile 3 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.01Guyana 2 0.02 1 0.03 1 0.01 4 0.02Pern 0 0.00 2 0.06 0 0.00 2 0.01Urnguay 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.01 1 0.00Europe Subtotal 1,148 8.79 221 6.97 567 5.93 1,936 7.51AlJ8tria 5 0.04 1 0.03 3 0,03 9 0.03Belgium 4 0,03 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.02Czechoslovakia 16 0.12 0 0.00 1 0.01 17 0.07Denmark 13 0.10 2 0.06 8 0.08 23 0.09Finland 6 0.05 0 0.00 1 0.01 7 0.03France 3 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.01Germany 26 0.20 0 0.00 19 0.20 45 0.17Greece 2 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.01Hungary 0 0.00 1 0.03 1 0.01 2 0.01Irish Republic (Eire) 32 0.25 1 0.03 11 0.12 44 0.17Netherlands 31 0.24 6 0.19 28 0.29 65 0.25Norway 3 0.02 0 0.00 3 0,03 6 0.02Poland 8 0.06 1 0.03 0 0.00 9 0.03Portugal 4 0.03 0 0.00 2 0.02 6 0.02Romania 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Russia 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Spain 2 0.02 0 0.00 1 0.01 3 0.01Sweden 12 0.09 0 0.00 5 0.05 17 0.07Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Columbia 75Table 3Registered Nurses l in British Columbia,Practising Employed in Nursingby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJune 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OUterB.c. TotalPlace or. Gl"8duatJon Number PercentJ Number PeruntJ Number PeruntJ Number PercentJSwitzerland 6 0.05 0 0.00 1 0.01 7 0.03United Kingdom 971 7.44 209 6.59 482 5.05 1,662 6.45Yugoslavia 2 0.02 0 0.00 1 0.01 3 0.01Asia Subtotal 1,076 8.24 42 1.32 125 1.31 1,243 4.82China 0 0.00 1 0.Q3 0 0.00 1 0.00Hong Kong 208 1.59 2 0.06 6 0.06 216 0.84India 34 0.26 4 0.13 16 0.17 54 0.21Indonesia 2 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.01Iran 4 0.03 1 0.Q3 1 0.01 6 0.02Iraq 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Israel 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Japan 3 0.02 1 0.Q3 0 0.00 4 0.02Lebanon 2 0.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.01Macao 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Malaysia 12 0.09 0 0.00 3 0.03 15 0.06Pakistan 3 0.02 0 0.00 1 0.01 4 0.02Plu1ippines 746 5.71 30 0.95 94 0.98 870 3.37Singapore 25 0.19 1 0.Q3 1 0.01 27 0.10South Korea 19 0.15 0 0.00 1 0.01 20 0.08Sri Lanka 1 0.01 0 0.00 2 0.02 3 0.01Taiwan 13 0.10 1 0.03 0 0.00 14 0.05Thailand 1 0.01 1 0.03 0 0.00 2 0.01Africa Subtotal 50 0.38 5 0.16 16 0.17 71 0.28Egypt 3 0.02 0 0.00 2 0.02 5 0.02Ethiopia 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Ghana 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.03 3 0.01Kenya 11 0.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 11 0.04Nigeria 2 0.02 0 0.00 1 0.01 3 0.01South Africa 28 0.21 5 0.16 10 0.10 43 0.17Uganda 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Zimbabwe 4 0.03 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.02Oceania Subtotal 187 1.43 25 0.79 116 1.21 328 1.27Austral ia 115 0.88 16 0.50 69 0.72 200 0.78New Zealand 72 0.55 9 0.28 47 0.49 128 0.50Unknown 7 0.05 1 0.03 3 0.03 11 0.04TOTAL 13,055 100.00 3,173 100.00 9,554 100.00 25,782 100.00IDefinitiODS are as in the attached text.JPercenlages may not add due to rounding .Preparedby :Health Human Resourus UnitUniversity or. British Columbia 76Table 4Registered Nurses! in British Columbla,Non-Practisingby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJune 1991Greater Vanl:Ollver Capital OtherB-c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Pen:enta Number Perc:enta Number Pen:enta Number Pen:entaCanadian Subtotal 952 83.58 287 84.16 830 86.46 2,069 84.80Newfoundland 6 0.53 0 0.00 5 0.52 11 0.45Prince Edward Island 1 0.09 0 0.00 2 0.21 3 0.12Nova Scotia 20 1.76 3 0.88 13 1.35 36 1.48New Brunswick 11 0.97 2 0.59 5 0.52 18 0.74Quebec 37 3.25 10 2.93 15 1.56 62 2.54Ontario 134 11.76 44 12.90 107 11.15 285 11.68Manitoba 52 4.57 15 4.40 50 5.21 117 4.80Saskatchewan 48 4.21 11 3.23 65 6.77 124 5.08Alberta 73 6.41 28 8.21 105 10.94 206 8.44British Columbia 570 50.04 174 51.03 463 48.23 1,207 49.47Non-Canadian Subtotal 186 16.33 53 15.54 130 13.54 369 15.12North & Central America Subtotal 26 2.28 8 2.35 29 3.02 63 2.58Jamaica 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.10 1 0.04Trinidad and Tobago 1 0.09 0 0.00 1 0.10 2 0.08United States of America 25 2.19 8 2.35 27 2.81 60 2.46South America Subtotal 2 0.18 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.08Qule 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Peru 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Europe Subtotal 100 8.78 35 10.26 83 8.65 218 8.93Austria 2 0.18 1 0.29 0 0.00 3 0.12Denmark 3 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.12Germany 3 0.26 0 0.00 4 0.42 7 0.29Irish Republic (Eire) 1 0.09 0 0.00 1 0.10 2 0.08Netherlands 1 0.09 3 0.88 3 0.31 7 0.29Norway 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Portugal 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.10 1 0.04Sweden 3 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.12Switzerland 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.21 2 0.08United Kingdom 85 7.46 31 9.09 72 7.50 188 7.70Yugoslavia 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Asia Subtotal 43 3.78 4 1.17 8 0.83 55 USHong Kong 14 1.23 1 0.29 2 0.21 17 0.70India 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Japan 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Malaysia 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Philippines 20 1.76 3 0.88 6 0.63 29 1.19Singapore 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04South Korea 4 0.35 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.16Turkey 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Africa Subtotal 5 0.44 0 0.00 2 0.21 7 0.29Kenya 1 0.09 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04South Africa 4 0.35 0 0.00 2 0.21 6 0.25Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 77Table 4Registered Nurses! in British Columbia,Non-Practisingby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictPlace or Gl1IduationOceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandUnknownTOTAL'Definitions are as in the attached text2J'ercentagcs may not add due to rounding .Preparedby :Health Human Resoun:es UnitUnlverslty or British ColumbiaJune 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalNumber Percent2 Number Pen:ent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent210 0.88 6 1.76 8 0.83 24 0.985 0.44 3 0.88 5 0.52 13 0.535 0.44 3 0.88 3 0.31 11 0.451 0.09 1 0.29 0 0.00 2 0.081,139 100.00 341 100.00 960 100.00 2,440 100.0078TableSRegistered Nurses! in British Columbia,Practising New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJune 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherBoC. TotalPlace of Graduation Number Percent1 Number Percent1 Number Percent1 Number Percent1Canadian Subtotal 1,311 79.41 333 91.74 1,022 90.04 2,666 84.66Newfoundland 10 0.61 6 1.65 12 1.06 28 0.89Prince Edward Island 3 0.18 1 0.28 1 0.09 5 0.16Nova Scotia 27 1.64 14 3.86 28 2.47 69 2.19New BlUD8Wick 16 0.97 4 1.10 14 1.23 34 1.08Quebec 43 2.60 10 2.75 13 1.15 66 2.10Ontario 216 13.08 59 16.25 118 10.40 393 12.48Manitoba 74 4.48 25 6.89 81 7.14 180 5.72Saskatchewan 63 3.82 22 6.06 73 6.43 158 5.02Alberta 138 8.36 32 8.82 157 13.83 327 10.38British Columbia 721 43.67 160 44.08 52S 46.26 1.406 44.65Non-Canadian Subtotal 340 20.59 30 8.26 113 9.96 483 15.34North & Central America Subtotal 42 2.54 10 '1-75 34 3.00 86 '1-73EI Salvador I 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Iamaica 4 0.24 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.13Trinidad and Tobago 0 0.00 1 0.28 1 0.09 2 0.06United States of America 37 2.24 9 2.48 33 2.91 79 2.51South America Subtotal 1 0.06 1 0.28 0 0.00 2 0.06Guyana 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Peru 0 0.00 1 0.28 0 0.00 1 0.03Europe Subtotal 130 7.87 14 3.86 47 4.14 191 6.07Czechoslovakia 9 0.55 0 0.00 1 0.09 10 0.32Denmark 1 0.06 0 0.00 1 0.09 2 0.06Germany 6 0.36 0 0.00 5 0.44 11 0.35Hungary 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.09 1 0.03Iceland 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Irish Republic (Eire) 16 0.97 0 0.00 2 0.18 18 0.57Netherlands 1 0.06 0 0.00 2 0.18 3 0.10Poland 3 0.18 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.10Portugal 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.09 1 0.03Romania 1 0.06 0 0.00 1 0.09 2 0.06Sweden 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Switzerland 1 0.06 0 0.00 1 0.09 2 0.06United Kingdom 90 5.45 14 3.86 32 2.82 136 4.32Asia Subtotal 128 7.75 2 0.55 15 1.32 145 4.60Hong Kong 42 2.54 1 0.28 3 0.26 46 1.46India 8 0.48 0 0.00 5 0.44 13 0.41Iran 3 0.18 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.10Israel 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Iapan 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Malaysia 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Pakistan 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Philippines 64 3.88 1 0.28 5 0.44 70 2.22Republic of Yemen 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Singapore 5 0.30 0 0.00 1 0.09 6 0.19South Korea 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Thailand 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.09 1 0.03Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Columbia 79TableSRegistered Nurses' in British Columbia,Practising New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictJune 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OCherB-C. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Perc:entJ Number PeruntJ Number Perc:entJ Number Perc:entJAfrica Subtotal 8 0.48 0 0.00 4 0.35 12 0.38Ohana 1 0.06 0 0.00 1 0.09 2 0.06Kenya 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03South Africa 5 0.30 0 0.00 3 0.26 8 0.25Zimbabwe 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.03Oceania Subtotal 31 1.88 3 0.83 13 1.15 47 1.49Australia 25 1.51 3 0.83 8 0.70 36 1.14New Zealand 6 0.36 0 0.00 5 0.44 11 0.35TOTAL3 1,651 100.00 363 100.00 1,135 100.00 3,149 100.00'Definitions are as in the attached text,JI'ercentages may not add due to rounding."These figures differ from the corresponding figures in ROLLCALL 91 because ofrefinements in the 1989 and 1991 data.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 80REGISTERED PSYCHIATRIC NURSES81REGISTERED PSYCHIATRIC NURSESSource of Data:Registered Psychiatric Nurses Association of British Columbia (RPNABC).'Definition:A Registered Psychiatric Nurse may hold either a practising or non-practising membership in theRPNABC. A practising Registered Psychiatric Nurse must be employed in nursing. A non-practisingRegistered Psychiatric Nurse may not actively engage in the practice of psychiatric nursing. Thetables, derived from the register of the RPNABC, include registered psychiatric nurses who reporteda B.C. address at the date of record.It is also possible to be a member of the RPNABC and to practise as a Licensed Graduate PsychiatricNurse (LGPN).See ROLLCALL 91 for a detailed definition of these groups.Date of Record:October 1991.Discussion:No data are included here for Licensed Graduate Psychiatric Nurses.Data are presented for all Registered Psychiatric Nurses in Figure 1 and Table 1. Table 2 shows dataon practising members, and Table 3 on non-practising members.The place of graduation is unknown for 7.9 percent of the Registered Psychiatric Nurses, whereas itwas unknown for only 1.5 percent in 1989. Among RP.N.s whose place of graduation is known,Canadian graduates represent 83.3 percent of the Registered Psychiatric Nurses in British Columbia,virtually unchanged since 1989 (83.1%) (Table 1). B.C. graduates with known place of graduationaccount for 67.3 percent and 80.9 percent of the Canadian graduates (67.2% and 80.9% respectivelyin 1989). Non-Canadian trained RP.N.s whose place of graduation is known account for 16.7 percentin 1991, compared to 16.8 percent in 1989.In Table 2, Canadian graduates account for 81.6 percent of the total number of practising psychiatricnurses with known place of graduation (2,049), almost exactly the same as in 1989 (81.5% of 2,045),'In order to practise as a Registered Psychiatric Nurse or as a Licensed Graduate Psychiatric Nurse in B.C.,it is necessary to be a member of the RPNABC under the Nurses (Registered Psychiatric) Act Members ofthe RPNABC have exclusive use of the titles: Registered Psychiatric Nurse (RPN), or Licensed GraduatePsychiatric Nurse (LGPN).82and B.C. graduates represent 65.1 percent of this total (64.3% in 1989). British Columbia-trainedR.P.N.s represent 63.8 percent of all practising R.P.N.s in the Greater Vancouver Regional HospitalDistrict, 55.3 percent in Other B.C. Regional Hospital Districts, and only 47.3 percent in the CapitalRegional Hospital District. In the Capital Regional Hospital District, 14.7 percent are graduates ofSaskatchewan programs and 13.3 percent are graduates of Manitoba programs. However, when thosewith unknown place of graduation are excluded, these figures are virtually unchanged from 1989. (Itshould be noted that R.P.N. diploma training is available only in the western provinces.) As in 1989,the vast majority of non-Canadian graduates are from the United Kingdom (92.3% in 1991~ 92.8% in1989). From this latter group, most (66.6%) reside in the Greater Vancouver Regional HospitalDistrict.In Table 3, B.C. graduates represent a much larger proportion of the total non-practising membership(74.0%), compared to their practising counterparts in Table 2 (60.0%). The proportion of Canadiangraduates is also much larger (85.4%, compared to 75.2% of practising members), while the non­Canadian graduate total is much smaller (6.3%, compared to 17.0% of practising members).Information on the place of graduation for 45.5 percent of the new registrant population was notavailable, so the corresponding table and figure are not included for Registered Psychiatric Nurses.83Fi re 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Registered Psychiatric Nurses in British Columbla'October 1991Regional HospitalDlstrldBoVRDD CapitalIIlII OtherB.C.British ColumbiaIUnknowns excluded.Preparedby:Health Hwnan Resources UnitUniversity of British CoIwnblaOther CanadaPlace of Graduation84Outside CanadaTable IRegistered Psychiatric Nurses' in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictOctober 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace orGraduation Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent!Canadian Subtotal 1,194 75.38 142 82.08 664 78.12 2,000 76.72Manitoba 64 4.04 22 12.72 56 6.59 142 5.45Saskatchewan 62 3.91 25 14.45 71 8.35 158 6.06Alberta 34 2.15 10 5.78 38 4.47 82 3.15British Columbia 1,034 65.28 85 49.13 499 58.71 1.618 62.06Non-Canadian Subtotal 267 16.86 19 10.98 115 13.53 401 15.38Europe Subtotal 253 15.97 19 10.98 109 12.82 381 14.61Germany 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.12 1 0.04Netherlands 2 0.13 1 0.58 3 0.35 6 0.23Switzerland I 0.06 1 0.58 0 0.00 2 0.08United Kingdom 249 15.72 17 9.83 105 12.35 371 14.23Europe (country unstated) 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Asia Subtotal 12 0.76 0 0.00 5 0.59 17 0.65Hong Kong 11 0.69 0 0.00 2 0.24 13 0.50Singapore 1 0.06 0 0.00 3 0.35 4 0.15Oceania Subtotal :2 0.13 0 0.00 1 0.12 3 0.12Australia 2 0.13 0 0.00 1 0.12 3 0.12Unknown 123 7.77 12 6.94 71 8.35 206 7.90TOTAL 1,584 100.00 173 100.00 850 100.00 2,607 100.00'Definitions are as in the attached text'Percentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 85Table 2Registered Psychiatric Nurses! in British Columbia,Practising Membersby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictOctober 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherBoC. TotalPlace ol Graduation Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2Canadian Subtotal 1,025 74.38 113 8%.00 524 75.40 1,672 75.21Manitoba 60 4.35 20 13.33 46 6.62 126 5.67Saskatchewan 57 4.14 22 14.67 59 8.49 138 6.21Alberta 29 2.10 10 6.67 35 5.04 74 3.33British Columbia 879 63.79 71 47.33 384 55.25 1,334 60.01Non-Canadian Subtotal 250 18.14 16 10.67 111 15.97 377 16.96Europe Subtotal 136 '17.13 16 10.67 105 15.11 357 16.06Germany 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.14 1 0.04Netherlands 2 0.15 0 0.00 3 0.43 5 0.22Switzerland 1 0.07 1 0.67 0 0.00 2 0.09United Kingdom 232 16.84 15 10.00 101 14.53 348 15.65Europe (country unstated) 1 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04Asia Subtotal 12 0.87 0 0.00 5 0.72 17 0.76Hong Kong 11 0.80 0 0.00 2 0.29 13 0.58Singapore 1 0.Q7 0 0.00 3 0.43 4 0.18Oceania Subtotal 2 US 0 0.00 1 0.14 3 0.13Australia 2 0.15 0 0.00 1 0.14 3 0.13Unknown 103 7.47 11 7.33 60 8.63 174 7.83TOTAL 1,378 100.00 150 100.00 695 100.00 2,213 100.00IDefinitions are as in the attached text.2J>ercentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity ol British Columbia 86Table 3Registered Psychiatric Nurses' in British Columbia,Non-Practising Membersby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictOctober 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace 01Graduation Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent!Canadian Subtotal 169 8%.04 19 8%.61 140 90.32 328 85.42Manitoba 4 1.94 2 8.70 10 6.45 16 4.17Saskatchewan 5 2.43 3 13.04 12 7.74 20 5.21Alberta 5 2.43 0 0.00 3 1.94 8 2.08British Columbia 155 75.24 14 60.87 115 74.19 284 73.96Non-Canadian Subtotal 17 8.25 3 13.04 4 %.58 24 6.25Europe Subtotal 17 8.2S 3 13.04 4 %.58 24 6.25Netherlands 0 0.00 1 4.35 0 0.00 1 0.26United Kingdom 17 8.25 2 8.70 4 2.58 23 5.99Unknown 20 9.71 1 4.35 11 7.10 32 8.33TOTAL 206 100.00 23 100.00 ISS 100.00 384 100.00lDefinilions are as in the attached textJPercentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUnlvenity 01British Columbia 8788IV. NUTRITION ANDDIETARY SERVICES8990DIETITIANS AND NUTRITIONISTS91DIETITIANS AND NUTRITIONISTSSource of Data:British Columbia Dietitians' and Nutritionists' Association (BCDNA).IDefinition:Dietitians and Nutritionists registered with the B.C. Dietitians' and Nutritionists' Association mayhold either a practising or non-practising membership. The Dietitians and Nutritionists included inthis report were registered with the BCDNA on the date of record and had British Columbia addresses.(See ROLLCALL 91 for a detailed definition of this group.) They mayor may not have beenemployed as dietitians or nutritionists.Date of Record:December 1991.Discussion:Figure 1 and Table 1 summarize the place of graduation for all dietitians and nutritionists in BritishColumbia. Data for practising dietitians and nutritionists are found in Table 2, for practisingmembers employed in DletetlcslNutrition in Table 3, and for non-practising dietitians andnutritionists in Table 4.Figure 1 and Table 1 show that Canadian-trained personnel account for 91.6 percent and B.C.-trainedpersonnel for 47.7 percent of the dietitians and nutritionists in B.C.. Among the non-Canadiangraduates, U.S.-trained personnel account for 39.6 percent and Philippines-trained personnel accountfor 29.2 percent. The majority of non-Canadian graduates reside in the Greater Vancouver RegionalHospital District (62.5%). Since dietitians and nutritionists did not appear in this report in 1989,comparable data about place of graduation for 1989 are not available.Of the practising dietitians and nutritionists (Table 2), 91.4 percent are Canadian-trained and 47.3percent are B.C.-trained. Non-Canadian graduates represent 8.1 percent of practising dietitians andnutritionists.For practising members employed in DieteticslNutrition (Table 3), 52.3 percent were B.C.-trained inthe Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District, while in the Capital Regional Hospital District only34.9 percent were B.C.-trained. III the Other B.C. Regional Hospital Districts, 43.0 percent were B.C.graduates.'Membership in the British Columbia Dietitians' and Nutritionists' Association is voluntary. However,registered members of the BCDNA have exclusive use of the titles Registered Dietitian, RegisteredNutritionist, Registered DietitianlNutritionist, and R.D.N..92Table 4 shows the place of graduation for non-practising dietitians and nutritionists. It is interestingthat all of the non-practising dietitians and nutritionists in the Capital Regional Hospital District wereCanadian-trained. Non-practising B.C. graduates accounted for only 38.1 percent in the Other B.C.Regional Hospital Districts. while Ontario graduates made up 23.8 percent and Manitoba graduates14.3 percent.Since this is the first year that dietitians and nutritionists have been included in this report, informationon new registrants is not available, so the corresponding table and figure are not included.93Fi re 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Dietitians and Nutritionists in British Columbia!December 1991Regional HospitalDistrict[]OVRDo Capital11IIII OthecB.C.British Columbia'Unknownsexcluded.Prepared by:Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British ColumbiaOther CanadaPlace of Graduation94OutsideCanadaTable 1Dietitians and Nutritionists1 in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2Canadian Subtotal 356 91.52 68 90.67 140 92.11 564 91.56Prince Edward Island 3 0.77 0 0.00 2 1.32 5 0.81Nova Scotia 12 3.08 6 8.00 8 5.26 26 4.22New Brunswick 5 1.29 1 1.33 2 1.32 8 1.30Quebec 19 4.88 9 12.00 9 5.92 37 6.01Ontario 49 12.60 10 13.33 20 13.16 79 12.82Manitoba 23 5.91 3 4.00 13 8.55 39 6.33Saskatchewan 8 2.06 3 4.00 10 6.58 21 3.41Alberta 32 8.23 11 14.67 12 7.89 55 8.93British Columbia 205 52.70 25 33.33 64 42.11 294 47.73Non-Canadian Subtotal 30 7.71 7 9.33 11 7.24 48 7.79North & Central America Subtotal 13 3.34 2 2.67 4 2.63 19 3.08United States of America 13 3.34 2 2.67 4 2.63 19 3.08Europe Subtotal 6 1.54 0 0.00 2 1.32 8 1.30Oennany 1 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16United Kingdom 5 1.29 0 0.00 2 1.32 7 1.14Asia Subtotal 8 2.06 5 6.67 2 1.32 15 2.44Philippines 7 1.80 5 6.67 2 1.32 14 2.27Taiwan 1 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Africa Subtotal 2 0.51 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.32South Africa 2 0.51 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.32Oceania Subtotal 1 0.26 0 0.00 3 l.97 4 0.65Australia 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 1.97 3 0.49NewZea1and 1 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Unknown 3 0.77 0 0.00 1 0.66 4 0.65TOTAL 389 100.00 75 100.00 152 100.00 616 100.00lDefinitions are as in the attached text.2I'ercentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Columbia 95Table 2Dietitians and Nutritionists! in British Columbia,Practising Membersby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.C. TotalPlace of Graduation Number Pereent2 Number Pereent2 Number Pereent2 Number Pereent2Canadian Subtotal 313 91.25 65 90.28 lZl 92.37 499 91.39Prince Edward Island 3 0.87 0 0.00 2 1.53 5 0.92Nova Scotia 10 2.92 5 6.94 7 5.34 22 4.03New Brunswick 5 1.46 1 1.39 2 1.53 8 1.47Quebec 15 4.37 9 12.50 9 6.87 33 6.04Ontario 43 12.54 10 13.89 15 11.45 68 12.45Manitoba 21 6.12 3 4.17 10 7.63 34 6.23Saskatchewan 8 2.33 3 4.17 9 6.87 20 3.66Alberta 29 8.45 11 15.28 11 8.40 51 9.34British Columbia 179 52.19 23 31.94 56 42.75 258 47.25Non-Canadian Subtotal '1.7 7.87 7 9.7'1. 10 7.63 44 8.06North & Central America Subtotal 11 3.Zl '1. '1..78 3 '1..'1.9 16 '1..93United States of America 11 3.21 2 2.78 3 2.29 16 2.93Europe Subtotal 6 1.75 0 0.00 '1. 1.53 8 1.47Gennany 1 0.29 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.18United Kingdom 5 1.46 0 0.00 2 1.53 7 1.28Asia Subtotal 7 '1..04 5 6.94 '1. 1.53 14 '1..56Philippines 7 2.04 5 6.94 2 1.53 14 2.56Africa Subtotal '1. 0.58 0 0.00 0 0.00 '1. 0.37South Africa 2 0.58 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.37Oceania Subtotal 1 0.'1.9 0 0.00 3 '1..'1.9 4 0.73Australia 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 2.29 3 0.55New Zealand 1 0.29 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.18Unknown 3 0.87 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.55TOTAL 343 100.00 7'1. 100.00 131 100.00 546 100.00IDefinitions are as in the attached text,"Percentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Columbia 96Table 3Dietitians and Nutritionists1 In British Columbia,Practising Members Employed In DieteticslNutritionby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace 01Gnduatfon Number Pereent2 Number Pel'Clellt2 Number Pel'Clellt2 Number Pel'Clellt2Canadian Subtotal 296 92.21 56 118.89 113 93.39 465 92.08Prince Edward Island 3 0.93 0 0.00 2 1.65 5 0.99Nova Scotia 10 3.12 5 7.94 7 5.79 22 4.36New Brunswick 4 1.25 1 1.59 1 0.83 6 1.19Quebec 15 4.67 7 11.11 9 7.44 31 6.14Ontario 41 12.77 7 11.11 14 11.57 62 12.28Manitoba 19 5.92 2 3.17 8 6.61 29 5.74Saskatchewan 8 2.49 3 4.76 9 7.44 20 3.96Alberta 28 8.72 9 14.29 11 9.09 48 9.50British Columbia 168 52.34 22 34.92 52 42.98 242 47.92Non-Canadian Subtotal 24 7.48 7 11.11 8 6.61 39 7.72North & Central America Subtotal 9 2.80 2 3.17 :z 1.65 13 2.57United States of America 9 2.80 2 3.17 2 1.65 13 2.57Europe Subtotal 5 1.56 0 0.00 2 1.65 7 1.39Oennany 1 0.31 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.20United Kingdom 4 1.25 0 0.00 2 1.65 6 1.19Asia Subtotal 7 2.18 5 7.94 :z l.65 14 2.77Plulippincs 7 2.18 5 7.94 2 1.65 14 2.77Africa Subtotal :z 0.62 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.40South Africa 2 0.62 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.40Oceania Subtotal 1 0.31 0 0.00 2 1.65 3 0.59Australia 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 1.65 2 0.40NewZcaland 1 0.31 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.20Unknown 1 0.31 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.20TOTAL 321 100.00 63 100.00 121 100.00 505 100.00'Definitions are as in the attached text2I'ercentagcs may not add due to rounding .Prepared1Ty :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity 01BrltJsh Colwnbla 9711/3/925:31 PMTable4Dietitians and Natrltlonists' in British Columbia,Non-Practising Membenby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2Canadian Subtotal 43 93.48 3 100.00 19 90.48 65 91.86Nova Scotia 2 4.35 1 33.33 1 4.76 4 5.71Quebec 4 8.70 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 5.71Ontario 6 13.04 0 0.00 5 23.81 11 15.71Manitoba 2 4.35 0 0.00 3 14.29 5 7.14Saskatchewan 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 4.76 1 1.43Alberta 3 6.52 0 0.00 1 4.76 4 5.1lBritish Columbia 26 56.52 2 66.67 8 38.10 36 51.43Non-Canadian Subtotal 3 6.s2 0 0.00 1 4.76 4 5.71North & Central America Subtotal 2 4.35 0 0.00 1 4.76 3 4.29United States of America 2 4.35 0 0.00 1 4.76 3 4.29Asia Subtotal 1 2.17 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.43Taiwan 1 2.17 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.43Unknown 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 4.76 1 1.43TOTAL 46 100.00 3 100.00 21 100.00 70 100.00lDefinitions are as in the attached text.JPercentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 9811/3/925:31 PMV. PSYCHOLOGICALISOCIAL SERVICES99100PSYCHOLOGISTS101102PSYCHOLOGISTSSource of Data:College of Psychologists of British Columbia.IDefinition:Psychologists included in this report were registered with the College of Psychologists of B.C. on thedate of record and had British Columbia addresses. (See ROLLCALL 91 for a detailed defmitionof this group.) They mayor may not have been employed as psychologists.Date of Record:December 1991.Discussion:Figure 1 and Table 1 show that Canadian graduates account for 69.4 percent of the 744 registeredpsychologists in the province. This percentage has increased slightly since 1989 (68.5% of 708 in1989). B.C. graduates represent 37.4 percent of the total (38.0% in 1989), with Ontario graduatesaccounting for an additional 14.3 percent (13.6% in 1989). Of the 228 non-Canadian graduates, 78.9percent are from the United States (24.2% of the total). In 1989, graduates of U.S. programsaccounted for slightly more of the psychologists in B.C., with 79.4 percent of the non-Canadianpersonnel graduating in the United States (25.0% of the total)..Canadian-trained psychologists account for 70.7 percent of psychologists employed in psychology, andB.C.-trained for 38.4 percent of the total employed in psychology (Table 2). Non-Canadian graduatesrepresent 29.3 percent.Table 3 and Figure 2 show that British Columbia graduates account for 32.7 percent of all the newregistrant psychologists. In the Capital Regional Hospital District the Ontario graduates form a largerpercentage of the new registrants than B.C. graduates (40.0% and 30.0% respectively).lIn order to practise as a psychologist in British Columbia, it is necessary to be registered by the College ofPsychologists of British Columbia under the Psychologists Act.103Fi re 1Place DC Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Psychologists in British ColumhiaDecember 19918 '; "ZI ".II"L,Fi re2Type of Registrants by Place of GraduationCor Psychologists in British ColumbiaDecember 1991DOVRD0 """...• OlberB.C.,Pr"pclrN by;H.... th Hwnm Resoun:es UnitUnlurdly of Brtd.JJ Cuhun bJ.".R.....ts104-.,,-.... ­o 8l::itisb ColumbiaD~c...n.ada• nndde CaaadaTable IPsychologists l in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capltlll OtherB.c. TotlllPlace or Graduation Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent!Canadian Subtotal 331 70.43 96 73.85 89 61.81 516 69.35Newfoundland 2 0.43 I 0.77 0 0.00 3 0.40Nova Scotia 2 0.43 0 0.00 2 1.39 4 0.54New Brunswick 2 0.43 0 0.00 I 0.69 3 0.40Quebec 25 5.32 3 2.31 I 0.69 29 3.90Ontario 60 12.77 25 19.23 21 14.58 106 14.25Manitoba 10 2.13 5 3.85 2 1.39 17 2.28Saskatchewan 8 1.70 2 1.54 3 2.08 13 1.75Alberta 42 8.94 11 8.46 10 6.94 63 8.47British Columbia 180 38.30 49 37.69 49 34.Q3 278 37.37Non-Canadian Subtotal 139 29.57 34 26.15 55 38.19 228 30.65North & Central America Subtotal 111 23.62 31 23.85 39 27.08 181 24.33Mexico I 0.21 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.13United States of America 110 23.40 31 23.85 39 27.08 180 24.19South America Subtotal 1 0.21 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.13CIule 1 0.21 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.13Europe Subtotal 22 4.68 3 2.31 14 9.72 39 5.24Belgium 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.69 1 0.13CzeChoslovakia 2 0.43 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.27Germany 2 0.43 1 0.77 2 1.39 5 0.67Italy 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.69 1 0.13Netherlands 2 0.43 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.27Poland 1 0.21 0 0.00 1 0.69 2 0.27United Kingdom 14 2.98 2 1.54 9 6.25 25 3.36Yugoslavia 1 0.21 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.13Asia Subtotal 1 0.21 0 0.00 1 0.69 2 0.27India 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.69 1 0.13Philippines 1 0.21 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.13Africa Subtotal 2 0.43 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.27South Africa 2 0.43 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.27Oceania Subtotal 2 0.43 0 0.00 1 0.69 3 0.40Australia 1 0.21 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.13New Zealand 1 0.21 0 0.00 1 0.69 2 0.27TOTAL 470 100.00 130 100.00 144 100.00 744 100.00'Definitions are as in the attached text2Percentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 105Table 2Psyehologlsts! in British Columbia,Employed in Psychologyby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital <>therD.C. TotalPlace of Graduation Number Percent2 ~ Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2Canadian Subtotal 280 71.79 83 73.45 79 64.75 442 70.72Newfoundland 2 0.51 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.32Nova Scotia 1 0.26 0 0.00 1 0.82 2 0.32New Brunswick 2 0.51 0 0.00 1 0.82 3 0.48Quebec 23 5.90 1 0.88 1 0.82 25 4.00Ontario 51 13.08 24 21.24 19 15.57 94 15.04Manitoba 9 2.31 5 4.42 2 1.64 16 2.56Saskatchewan 7 1.79 1 0.88 3 2.46 11 1.76Alberta 32 8.21 8 7.08 9 7.38 49 7.84British Columb ia 153 39.23 44 38.94 43 35.25 240 38.40Non-Canadian Subtotal 110 28.21 30 26.55 43 35.25 183 29.28North & Central America Subtotal 90 23.08 28 24.78 33 27.05 151 24.16Mexico 1 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16United States of America 89 22.82 28 24.78 33 27.05 150 24.00Europe Subtotal 17 4.36 2 1.77 9 7.38 28 4.48Czechoslovakia 2 0.51 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.32Germany 2 0.51 1 0.88 2 1.64 5 0.80Italy 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.82 1 0.16Netherlands 1 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Poland 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.82 1 0.16United Kingdom 11 2.82 1 0.88 5 4.10 17 2.72Yugoslavia I 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Asia Subtotal 1 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Philippines 1 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Africa Subtotal 1 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16South Africa 1 0.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Oceania Subtotal 1 0.26 0 0.00 1 0.82 2 0.32New Zealand 1 0.26 0 0.00 1 0.82 2 0.32TOTAL 390 100.00 113 100.00 122 100.00 625 100.00lDefinitions are as in the attached text,JPercentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of Britlsh Columbia 106Table 3Psychologists! in British Columbia,New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace of Graduation Nwnber Percent2 Nwnber Percent2 Nwnber Percent2 Nwnber Percent2Canadian Subtotal 24 75.00 8 80.00 5 71.43 37 75.51Nova Scotia 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 14.29 1 2.04Quebec 1 3.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 2.04Ontario 6 18.75 4 40.00 0 0.00 10 20.41Manitoba 2 6.25 1 10.00 1 14.29 4 8.16Alberta 4 12.50 0 0.00 I 14.29 5 10.20British Columbia 11 34.38 3 30.00 2 28.57 16 32.65Non-Canadian Subtotal 8 25.00 2 20.00 2 28.57 12 24.49North & Central America Subtotal 7 21.88 2 20.00 1 14.29 10 20.41United States of America 7 21.88 2 20.00 1 14.29 10 20.41Europe Subtotal 1 3.13 0 0.00 1 14.29 2 4.08Poland I 3.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 2.04United Kingdom 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 14.29 1 2.04TOTAL 32 100.00 10 100.00 7 100.00 49 100.00lDefinitions are as in the attached text.ZPercentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Colwnbla 107108VI. REHABILITATION SERVICES109110MASSAGE PRACTITIONERS111MASSAGE PRACTITIONERSSource of Data:Association of Physiotherapists and Massage Practitioners of British Columbia (APMPBC).\Definition:Massage Practitioners may hold either a full or inactive membership with the APMPBC. Thoseincluded in this report were registered with the APMPBC on the date of record and had BritishColumbia addresses. (See ROLLCALL 91 for a detailed definition of this group.) They mayor maynot have been employed as massage practitioners.Date of Record:December 1991.Discussion:Figure 1 and Table 1 show the place of graduation for all massage practitioners in British Columbia.Figure 2 and Table 2 show place of graduation for the full members of the Association ofPhysiotherapists and Massage Practitioners of B.C. (APMPBC), Table 3 for the full membersemployed in massage therapy, and Table 4 for inactive members of the APMPBC. Data for newregistrants who are full members of the APMPBC appear in Table 5 and Figure 2.Canadian graduates account for 89.8 percent of the massage practitioners in British Columbia (Figure1 and Table 1) and B.C. graduates for 49.8 percent. Ontario graduates represent a significantproportion of massage practitioners in B.C. (39.0% of the total). This is most noticeable outside theGreater Vancouver Regional Hospital District, where there are more Ontario graduates than B.C.graduates. In the Capital Regional Hospital District, Ontario graduates account for 50.0 percent andB.C. graduates for only 34.0 percent, while in the Other B.C. Regional Hospital Districts, Ontariograduates account for 49.3 percent and B.C. graduates for 41.6 percent. Non-Canadian graduatesaccount for only 2.4 percent of British Columbia's massage practitioners. Place of graduation isunknown for 7.8 percent of massage practitioners.Table 2 and Figure 2 show that the overwhelming majority (90.1%) of massage practitioners with fullmembership are Canadian-trained. When those with unknown place of graduation are excluded fromthe calculations, this is virtually unchanged from 1989. B.C.-trained personnel account for the greatestpercentage of the total (49.8%), with Ontario graduates also accounting for a significant proportion(39.3%) of the full members. Of the 14 full members trained outside Canada, the largest proportionare U.S.-trained (35.7% of the non-Canadian total).'In order to practise as a massage practitioner in British Columbia, it is necessary to be registered by theAssociation of Physiotherapists and Massage Practitioners of B.C. under Part 3 of the Physiotherapists Act.112Canadian-trained massage practitioners account for 95.6 percent of the full members employed inmassage therapy. British Columbia graduates represent 52.8 percent of the Canadian graduates, andOntario graduates 46.0 percent. Non-Canadian graduates account for 2.6 percent of the full membersemployed in massage therapy, and place of graduation is unknown for only 1.9 percent.Table 4 shows that of the nine inactive members, six were trained in Canada (66.7%), one in theUnited States (11.1%), and was unknown for the remaining two. Of the Canadian graduates, four weretrained in B.C. and the other two in Ontario.British Columbia-trained massage practitioners account for 67.6 percent of the full member newregistrants (Table 5 and Figure 2), a greater proportion than of the total membership (49.8% in Table1), and Ontario graduates only 22.5 percent. The lone non-Canadian graduate from Germanyrepresents only 0.6 percent of the full member new registrants. Place of graduation is unknown for8.1 percent of the full new registrants.113Fi re 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Massage Practitioners in British Columbia'December 1991Regional HospitalDIstrictBOVRDrJ CapitalI11III OtherB.C.British Columbia·Unknowns excluded.Other CanadaPlace ofGraduationFigure 2Outside CanadaType of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Full Massage Practitioners in British Columbla!December 19917060i SO~ 40i5f::10o-.r-===:>.oL..._--Place of Graduation13 British Columbiao Other CanadaI11III Outside CanadaNewRegistrants·Unknowns excluded.Prepared by:Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British ColumbiaAll Registrants114Table IMassage Practltloners! in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace of Gnduatlon Number PercentJ Number PercentJ Number PercentJ Number PercentJ-Canadian Subtotal 286 89.94 86 116.00 189 91.30 561 89.76Quebec 0 0.00 1 1.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Ontario 92 28.93 50 50.00 102 49.28 244 39.04Manitoba 2 0.63 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.32Saskatchewan 1 0.31 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Alberta 0 0.00 1 1.00 1 0.48 2 0.32British Columbia 191 60.06 34 34.00 86 41.55 311 49.76Non-Canadian Subtotal 6 1.89 5 5.00 4 1.93 15 2.40North & Central America Subtotal 1 0.63 1 2.00 1 0.97 6 Q.96United States of America 2 0.63 2 2.00 2 0.97 6 0.96Europe Subtotal 4 1.16 1 2.00 1 0.97 8 1.18Gennany 0 0.00 1 1.00 1 0.48 2 0.32Norway 1 0.31 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Poland 2 0.63 0 0.00 1 0.48 3 0.48United Kingdom 1 0.31 1 1.00 0 0.00 2 0.32Africa Subtotal 0 0.00 1 1.00 0 0.00 1 0.16South Africa 0 0.00 1 1.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Unknown 16 8.18 9 9.00 14 6.76 49 7.84TOTAL 318 100.00 100 100.00 107 100.00 615 100.00IDefinitions are as in the attached textJPercentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Columbia 115Table2Massage Practitioners! in British Columbia,Full Membersby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace ofGnduatlon Number Pen:entS Number Pen:entS Number PercentS Number PercentS-Canadian Subtotal 284 90.16 83 86.46 188 91.71 555 90.10Quebec 0 0.00 1 1.04 0 0.00 1 0.16Ontario 92 29.21 49 51.04 101 49.27 242 39.29Manitoba 2 0.63 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.32Saskatchewan I 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.16Alberta · 0 0.00 1 1.04 1 0.49 2 0.32British Columbia 189 60.00 32 33.33 86 41.95 307 49.84Non-Canadian Subtotal 5 1.59 5 5.21 4 l.95 14 2.27North & Central America Subtotal 1 0.32 2 2.08 2 0.98 5 0.81United States of America 1 0.32 2 2.08 2 0.98 5 0.81Europe Subtotal 4 l.27 2 2.08 2 0.98 8 1.30Germany 0 0.00 1 1.04 1 0.49 2 0.32Norway 1 0.32 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Poland 2 0.63 0 0.00 I 0.49 3 0.49United Kingdom I 0.32 1 1.04 0 0.00 2 0.32Africa Subtotal 0 0.00 1 1.04 0 0.00 1 0.16South Africa 0 0.00 1 1.04 0 0.00 1 0.16Unknown 26 8.2S 8 8.33 13 6.34 47 7.63TOTAL 315 100.00 96 100.00 205 100.00 616 100.00IDefinitions are as in the attached text.SJ'erccntagcs may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Columbia 116Table 3Massage Practitleners' in British Columbia,Full Members Employed in Massage Therapyby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital <>therB.c. TotllJPlace of Graduation Number Percenl2 Number Percenl2 Number Percenl2 Number Percenl2Canadian Subtotal 204 95.77 62 92.54 143 96.62 409 95.56Quebec 0 0.00 1 1.49 0 0.00 1 0.23Ontario 66 30.99 37 55.22 85 57.43 188 43.93Manitoba 2 0.94 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.47Alberta 0 0.00 1 1.49 1 0.68 2 0.47British Columbia 136 63.85 23 34.33 57 38.51 216 50.47Non-Canadian Subtotal 4 1.88 3 4.48 4 2.70 11 2.57North & Central America Subtotal 1 0.47 1 1.49 2 l.35 4 0.93United Slates of America I 0.47 1 1.49 2 1.35 4 0.93Europe Subtotal 3 1.41 1 1.49 2 1.35 6 1.40Gennany 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.68 1 0.23Poland 2 0.94 0 0.00 1 0.68 3 0.70United Kingdom 1 0.47 1 1.49 0 0.00 2 0.47Africa Subtotal 0 0.00 1 1.49 0 0.00 1 0.23South Africa 0 0.00 1 1.49 0 0.00 1 0.23Unknown 5 2.35 2 2.99 1 0.68 8 1.87TOTAL 213 100.00 67 100.00 148 100.00 428 100.00IDefinitions are as in the attached textJPercenlages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of British Columbia 117Table4Massage Practjnoners' in British Columbia,Inactive Membersby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictPlace or GnduatJonCanadian SubtotalOntarioBritish ColumbiaNon-Canadian SubtotalNorth & Central America SubtotalUnited States of AmericaUnknownTOTALIDefinitions are as in the attached text.ZPercentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British ColumbiaDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalNumber Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2-2 66.67 3 75.00 1 50.00 6 66.670 0.00 1 2S.OO 1 so.oo 2 22.222 66.67 2 SO.OO a 0.00 4 44.441 33.33 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 11.111 33.33 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 11.111 33.33 0 0.00 a 0.00 1 11.110 0.00 1 25.00 1 50.00 2 22.223 100.00 4 100.00 2 100.00 9 100.00118TableSMassage Practltloners! in British Columbia,Full New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or GnduaUon Number Percmt2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2Canadian Subtotal 92 92.93 18 85.71 48 90.57 158 91.33Ontario 15 15.15 5 23.81 19 35.85 39 22.54Manitoba 1 1.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.58Saskatchewan 1 1.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.58British Columbia 75 75.76 13 61.90 29 54.72 117 67.63Non-Canadian Subtotal 0 0.00 1 4.76 0 0.00 1 0.58Europe Subtotal 0 0.00 1 4.76 0 0.00 1 0.58Gennany 0 0.00 1 4.76 0 0.00 1 0.58Unknown 7 7.07 2 9.52 5 9.43 14 8.09TOTAL 99 100.00 21 100.00 S3 100.00 173 100.00'Definitions are as in the attached text.2percenlages may not add due to rounding .Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 119120OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS121OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTSSource of Data:British Columbia Society of Occupational Therapists (BCSOT).IDefinition:Occupational Therapists may register with the BCSOT as full-time, part-time, or inactive members.In this report, full-time and part-time members are grouped together as practising occupationaltherapists, and inactive members are listed as non-practising. Occupational therapists included in thisreport were registered with the B.C. Society of Occupational Therapists on the date of record and hadBritish Columbia addresses. (See ROLLCALL 91 for a detailed definition of this group.) They mayor may not have been employed as occupational therapists.Occupational therapists who graduated from a dual program in occupational therapy and physiotherapymay also be registered with the Association of Physiotherapists and Massage Practitioners of BritishColumbia. Such persons are included in both the occupational therapy and physiotherapy sections ofthis report.Date of Record:December 1991.Discussion:Table 1 and Figure 1 show the place of graduation for all occupational therapists in British Columbia,and Table 2 and Figure 2 for the practising members. The place of graduation for practisingmembers employed in occupational therapy is found in Table 3, and for non-practising membersin Table 4. Data for practising new registrants is found in Table 5 and Figure 2.Table 1 and Figure 1 show that B.C.-trained occupational therapists account for 33.4 percent of thetotal (623), and Canadian-trained personnel, as a whole, account for 67.9 percent. These percentageshave increased since 1989, when B.C. graduates represented 31.3 percent and Canadian graduates 66.1percent of the total (431). The slightly lower proportion of occupational therapists with unknownplace of graduation in 1991 (1.0% compared to 1.9% in 1989) had a negligible impact on thesecomparisons. The number of graduates from non-Canadian programs has increased since 1989 (138in 1989; 194 in 1991), but the percentage of non-Canadian graduates has dropped slightly from 32.0percent in 1989 to 31.1 percent in 1991. United Kingdom graduates still account for the majority ofnon-Canadian graduates (51.4% in 1989 and 54.1% in 1991).'Membership in the British Columbia Society of Occupational Therapists is voluntary . However, registeredmembers of the BCSOT have exclusive use of the titles Registered Occupational Therapist (B.C.) andRegistered OT (B.C.).122Canadian graduates represent 67.7 percent of the practising occupational therapists in British Columbia,and B.C. graduates for 33.2 percent (Table 2 and Figure 2). Non-Canadian graduates account for 31.2percent, and place of graduation is unknown for 1.1 percent. These distributions are similar to thoseof the entire membership.Practising occupational therapists employed in occupational therapy (Table 3) show trends similar tothe entire membership (Table 1) and all practising occupational therapists (Table 2). Canadiangraduates account for 66.6 percent, and B.C.-trained occupational therapists for 32.4 percent. The non­Canadian graduates represent 32.4 percent of the total practising occupational therapists employed inoccupational therapy, while the unknowns account for only 1.0 percent.Table 4 shows the place of graduation for non-practising occupational therapists in British Columbia.In the Capital Regional Hospital District, Canadian graduates account for a larger percentage (87.5%)than in the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District (68.3%) or the Other B.C. Regional HospitalDistricts (64.7%). There is a larger representation of B.C. graduates in the Greater VancouverRegional Hospital District (39.0%) and in the Other B.C. Regional Hospital Districts (35.3%) than inthe Capital Regional Hospital District (12.5%). Ontario and Alberta graduates account for 25.0 percenteach in the Capital Regional Hospital District. In the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District,there are no Alberta graduates andOntario graduates account for 24.4 percent, while in the Other B.C.Regional Hospital Districts Alberta graduates account for 5.9 percent and Ontario graduates for 25.0percent.The percentage of practising new registrants (Table 5) that were Canadian-trained is 74.5 percent,higher than the percentage of all practising occupational therapists who were Canadian-trained (67.9%).All of the new registrants in the Capital Regional Hospital District are Canadian graduates, with mostbeing Ontario-trained (36.4%) versus B.C.-trained (27.3%). Of the newly registered non-Canadiangraduates (20.6% of the total), 90.5 percent reside in the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District.Place of graduation is unknown for 4.9 percent of the new registrant occupational therapists.123Fi re 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Occupational Therapists in British Cofumbia'December 1991454035~I:l 30~ 25f 20e 15It 105Regional HospitalDistrictmOVRD[] CapitalIII Other B.C.British ColumbialUnlcnoWDS excluded.Other CanadaPlace of GraduationFi re2Outside CanadaType of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Practising Occupational Therapists in British Columbla­December 1991504540ci 35~ 30i!S 2SIIJ 20! 151050-1£-.....1;;;= = =-":"-_ -Place of GraduaUonD British Columbia[J Other CanadaIII Outside CanadaNew RfglstrantslUnlcnoWDS excluded.Prepared by:Health Human Resources UnitUniversity of BriUsh ColumbiaAll Registrants124Table 1Occupational Therapists! in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB-c. TotalPlace III Graduation Number PercentJ Number PercentJ Number PercentJ Number PercentJCanadian Subtotal 258 65.15 59 74.68 106 71.62 423 67.90Nova Scotia 6 1.52 2 2.53 I 0.68 9 1.44Quebec 20 5.05 6 7.59 3 2.03 29 4.65Ontario 55 13.89 15 18.99 19 12.84 89 14.29Manitoba 14 3.54 3 3.80 11 7.43 28 4.49Alberta 27 6.82 8 10.13 25 16.89 60 9.63British Columbia 136 34.34 25 31.65 47 31.76 208 33.39Non-Canadian Subtotal 133 33.59 20 25.32 41 27.70 194 31.14North & Central America Subtotal 21 5.30 7 8.86 7 4.73 35 5.62United Slates of America 21 5.30 7 8.86 7 4.73 35 5.62South America Subtotal 1 0.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Oule I 0.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.16Europe Subtotal 75 18.94 12 15.19 27 18.24 114 18.30Denmark 2 0.51 0 0.00 I 0.68 3 0.48Germany 2 0.51 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.32Netherlands 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.68 1 0.16Sweden 2 0.51 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.32Switzerland 1 0.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16United Kiogdom 68 17.17 12 15.19 25 16.89 105 16.85Asia Subtotal 19 4.80 0 0.00 1 0.68 20 3.21China I 0.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16Hong Kong 8 2.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 8 1.28India 5 1.26 0 0.00 1 0.68 6 0.96Philippines 5 1.26 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.80Africa Subtotal 7 1.77 0 0.00 2 1.35 9 1.44Kenya I 0.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16South Africa 6 1.52 0 0.00 2 1.35 8 1.28Oceania Subtotal 10 2.53 1 1.27 4 2.70 15 2.41Australia 3 0.76 0 0.00 3 2.03 6 0.96New Zealand 7 un 1 1.27 I 0.68 9 1.44Unknown 5 1.26 0 0.00 1 0.68 6 0.96TOTAL 396 100.00 79 100.00 148 100.00 623 100.00IDefinitioDS are as in the attached textJPercenlages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity III BrltJsh Columbia 125Table 2Occupational Therapistsl in British Columbia,Practising Membersby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.C. TotalPlace or Graduation Number PereentJ Number Perc:entJ Number PereentJ Number PereentJCanadian Subtotal 230 64.79 52 73.24 95 72.52 377 67.68Nova Scotia 6 1.69 2 2.82 1 0.76 9 1.62Quebec 19 5.35 5 7.04 2 1.53 26 4.67Ontario 45 12.68 13 18.31 17 12.98 75 13.46Manitoba 13 3.66 2 2.82 10 7.63 25 4.49Alberta 27 7.61 6 8.45 24 18.32 57 10.23British Columbia 120 33.80 24 33.80 41 31.30 185 33.21Non-Canadian Subtotal 120 33.80 19 26.76 35 26.72 174 31.24North & Central America Subtotal 19 5.35 7 9.86 6 4.58 32 5.75United States of America 19 5.35 7 9.86 6 4.58 32 5.75South America Subtotal 1 0.28 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.18Chile 1 0.28 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.18Europe Subtotal 69 19.44 11 15.49 24 18.32 104 18.67Denmark 2 0.56 0 0.00 1 0.76 3 0.54Gennany 2 0.56 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.36Netherlands 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.76 1 0.18Sweden 1 0.28 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.18Switzerland 1 0.28 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.18United Kingdom 63 17.75 11 15.49 22 16.79 96 17.24Asia Subtotal 15 4.23 0 0.00 1 0.76 16 '1.JJ7China 1 0.28 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.18Hong Kong 7 1.97 0 0.00 0 0.00 7 1.26India 4 1.13 0 0.00 1 0.76 5 0.90Philippines 3 0.85 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.54Africa Subtotal 6 1.69 0 0.00 1 0.76 7 1.26Kenya 1 0.28 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.18South Africa 5 1.41 0 0.00 1 0.76 6 1.08Oceania Subtotal 10 '1.JJ2 1 1.41 3 2.29 14 2.51Australia 3 0.85 0 0.00 2 1.53 5 0.90New Zealand 7 1.97 1 1.41 1 0.76 9 1.62Unknown 5 1.41 0 0.00 1 0.76 6 1.08TOTAL 355 100.00 71 100.00 131 100.00 557 100.00IDefinitiODS are as in the attached text.JPercentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 126Table 3Occupational Therapists! in British Columbia,Practising Members Employed in Occupational Therapyby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OdaerB.C. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Percent2 Number Percent3 Number Percent3 Number Percent3-Canadian Subtotal 211 64.33 49 73.13 79 69.30 339 66.60Nova Scotia 6 1.83 2 2.99 1 0.88 9 1.77Quebec 18 5.49 5 7.46 2 1.75 25 4.91Ontario 42 12.80 13 19.40 13 11.40 68 13.36Manitoba 9 2.74 1 1.49 10 8.77 20 3.93Alberta 26 7.93 6 8.96 20 17.54 52 10.22British Columbia 110 33.54 22 32.84 33 28.95 165 32.42Non-Canadian Subtotal 113 34.45 18 26.87 34 29.82 165 32.42North & Central America Subtotal 19 5.79 7 10.45 6 5.26 32 6.29United States of America 19 5.79 7 10.45 6 5.26 32 6.29South America Subtotal 1 0.30 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.20Chile 1 0.30 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.20Europe Subtotal 63 19.21 10 14.93 23 20.18 96 18.86Denmark 2 0.61 0 0.00 1 0.88 3 0.59Germany 2 0.61 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.39Netherlands 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.88 1 0.20Sweden 1 0.30 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.20Switzerland I 0.30 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.20United Kingdom 57 17.38 10 14.93 21 18.42 88 17.29Asia Subtotal 15 4.57 0 0.00 1 0.88 16 3.14China 1 0.30 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.20Hong Kong 7 2.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 7 1.38India -4 1.22 0 0.00 1 0.88 5 0.98Philippines 3 0.91 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.59Africa Subtotal 5 1.52 0 0.00 1 0.88 6 1.18Kenya 1 0.30 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.20South Africa 4 1.22 0 0.00 1 0.88 5 0.98Oceania Subtotal 10 3.05 1 1.49 3 2.63 14 2.75Australia 3 0.91 0 0.00 2 1.75 5 0.98NewZea1and 7 2.13 1 1.49 1 0.88 9 1.77Unknown 4 1.22 0 0.00 1 0.88 5 0.98TOTAL 328 100.00 67 100.00 114 100.00 509 100.00'Definitions are lIS in the attached text.apercentages may not add due to rounding .Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 127Table4Occupational Theraptsts! in British Columbia,Non-Practising Membersby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace orGraduation Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent!-Canadian Subtotal 28 68.29 7 87.50 11 64.71 46 69.70Quebec 1 2.44 1 12.S0 1 S.88 3 4.SSOntario 10 24.39 2 2S.OO 2 11.76 14 21.21Manitoba 1 2.44 1 12.S0 1 S.88 3 4.SSAlberta 0 0.00 2 2S.OO 1 S.88 3 4.SSBritish Columbia 16 39.02 1 12.S0 6 3S.29 23 34.8SNon-Canadian Subtotal 13 31.71 1 12.50 6 35.29 20 30.30North & Central America Subtotal 2 4.88 0 0.00 1 5.88 3 4.55United States of America 2 4.88 0 0.00 1 S.88 3 4.SSEurope Subtotal 6 14.63 1 12.50 3 17.65 10 15.15Sweden 1 2.44 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 l.S2United Kingdom S 12.20 1 12.S0 3 17.6S 9 13.64Asia Subtotal 4 9.76 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 6.06Hong Kong 1 2.44 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.S2India 1 2.44 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 l.S2Philippines 2 4.88 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 3.03Africa Subtotal 1 2.44 0 0.00 1 5.88 2 3.03South Africa 1 2.44 0 0.00 1 S.88 2 3.03Oceania Subtotal 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 5.88 1 1.52Australia 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 S.88 1 1.S2TOTAL 41 100.00 8 100.00 17 100.00 66 100.00'Definitions are as in the attached text.'Percentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity orBritish Columbia 128TableSOccupational Therapists' in British Columbia,Practising New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OIherB.C. TotalPlace or Graduation ~ Pereent2 Number Pereent2 Number Percent2 Number Pereent2Canadian Subtotal 46 66.67 11 100.00 19 86.36 76 74.51Nova Scotia 3 4.35 1 9.09 1 4.55 5 4.90Quebec 5 7.25 1 9.09 1 4.55 7 6.86Ontario 8 11.59 4 36.36 1 4.55 13 12.75Manitoba 3 4.35 1 9.09 3 13.64 7 6.86Alberta 9 13.04 1 9.09 6 27.27 16 15.69British Columb ia 18 26.09 3 27.27 7 31.82 28 27.45Non-Canadian Subtotal 19 27.54 0 0.00 2 9.09 21 ZO.59North & Central America Subtotal 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 4.55 1 0.98United States of America 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 4.55 1 0.98Europe Subtotal 10 14.49 0 0.00 1 4.55 11 10.78Germany 1 1.45 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.98United Kingdom 9 13.04 0 0.00 1 4.55 10 9.80Asia Subtotal 7 10.14 0 0.00 0 0.00 7 6.86China 1 1.45 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.98Hong Kong 4 5.80 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 3.92Phil ippines 2 2.90 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 1.96Africa Subtotal 1 1.45 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.98South Africa 1 1.45 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.98Oceania Subtotal 1 1.45 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.98Australia 1 1.45 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.98Unknown 4 S.80 0 0.00 1 4.55 5 4.90TOTAL 69 100.00 11 100.00 22 100.00 102 100.00'Definitions are as in the attached text.2J'ercentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUnlvenlty or BriUsh Columbia 129130PHYSIOTHERAPISTS131PHYSIOlliERAPISTSSource of Data:Association of Physiotherapists and Massage Practitioners of British Columbia (APMPBC).IDefinition:Physiotherapists may hold full, temporary, or inactive memberships in the APMPBC.Physiotherapists included in this report were registered with the APMPBC on the date of record andhad British Columbia addresses. (See ROLLCALL 91 for a detailed definition of this group.) Theymayor may not have been employed as physiotherapists.Temporary members are graduates in physiotherapy from educational institutions outside of Canadawho have yet to pass a required written examination before admission to full membership in theAPMPBC. They are restricted to employment with the specific health care facility through which theirtemporary membership has been sponsored, and may be restricted to practise in a particular field ofphysiotherapy. Temporary membership is granted for a period of one year and may be renewed forno more than two additional one year terms. Temporary members are expected to fulfil the necessaryrequirements and become full members of the APMPBC as soon as possible.' Physiotherapists whograduated in Canada may also be classified as temporary members in special circumstances.Physiotherapists who graduated from a dual program in physiotherapy and occupational therapy mayalso be registered with the British Columbia Society of Occupational Therapists. Such persons areincluded in both the physiotherapy and occupational therapy sections of this report.Date of Record:December 1991.Discussion:The place of graduation for all physiotherapists in B.C. is found in Table 1 and Figure 1. Table 2 andFigure 2 include physiotherapists who are full members of The Association of Physiotherapists andMassage Practitioners of British Columbia. Table 3 shows the place of graduation for full membersemployed In physiotherapy and/or occupational therapy. Table 4 includes only physiotherapistswho are temporary members, and Table 5 includes inactive members. Data on new registrantswith full membership is presented in Table 6 and Figure 2.'In order to practise as a physiotherapist in British Columbia, it is necessary to be registered by the Associationof Physiotherapists and Massage Practitioners of B.C. under the Physiotherapists Act.2Adapted from registration information provided by The Association of Physiotherapists and MassagePractitioners of British Columbia.132Overall, just over half (54.9%) of the physiotherapists in British Columbia are Canadian graduates, andjust under one quarter (24.6%) are B.C. graduates (Table 1 and Figure 1). The second largest sourceof Canadian physiotherapy graduates is Ontario at 10.4 percent. Ontario graduates tend to reside inthe Capital Regional Hospital District (17.4%) rather than in the Greater Vancouver Regional HospitalDistrict (9.1%) or Other B.C. Regional Hospital Districts (10.2%). Graduates from the UnitedKingdom form a significant proportion of B.C.'s physiotherapists at 25.4 percent of the total, a figuregreater than that of the B.C. graduates (24.6%).Table 2 and Figure 2 show that B.C.-trained personnel account for 26.6 percent of the full membership(1,713), and Canadian-trained personnel, as a whole, account for 58.9 percent. When those withunknown place of graduation are excluded, these figures are virtually unchanged from 1989. WhileB.C. is the largest provincial source of graduates, Ontario schools continue to supply a significantproportion (11.0%) of B.C.'s physiotherapists. Of the 669 non-Canadian graduates, 64.1 percent arefrom the United Kingdom (25.0% of the total). Graduates of United Kingdom programs are the singlelargest group in the Capital Regional Hospital District (23.4%), whereas B.C. graduates comprise only20.5 percent. This is similar to the pattern seen in 1989, when U.K. graduates were the largest groupin both the Capital Regional Hospital District and Other B.C.Canadian graduates account for 59.6 percent of physiotherapists employed in physiotherapy and/oroccupational therapy (Table 3). British Columbia graduates account for 44.9 percent of the Canadiangraduates, and Ontario graduates for 18.6 percent. Graduates of the United Kingdom represent themajority of the non-Canadian graduates (64.5%).Table 4 shows the place of graduation for the physiotherapists who are temporary members of theAPMPBC. By definition, all temporary members are graduates of non-Canadian programs; however,in 1991, one Canadian graduate was on the temporary list because of special circumstances. Thelargest percentage of temporary members are graduates of the United Kingdom (32.0%), followed byNetherlands' graduates (15.5%), and Australian graduates (14.4%).Only 25.0 percent of the inactive members are Canadian graduates, and B.C. graduates account foronly 5.8 percent (Table 5). Australian-trained physiotherapists account for 25.0 percent of the inactivemembers, and graduates of the United Kingdom for another 23.1 percent.Overall, Canadian (52.4%) and British Columbia (20.3%) graduates account for a smaller percentageof the full membership new registrants (Table 6 and Figure 2) than of the total full members (58.9%and 26.6% respectively). Ontario-trained physiotherapists account for 12.9 percent of the newregistrants overall, but only 9.6 percent in the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District, while inboth the Capital Regional Hospital District and the Other Regional Hospital Districts the Ontariograduates account for 22.6 percent and 17.1 percent respectively. Non-Canadian graduates represent42.4 percent of the new registrants, but in the Capital Regional Hospital District only 16.1 percent.Place of graduation is unknown for 5.1 percent of the new registrants.133Fi re 1Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital Districtfor Physiotherapists in British Columbia!December 1991504540i 35iii 30i!S 25CIlI 20~ 15105oRegional HospitalDIstrictDOVRDo CapitalIIIlI OtherB.C.British Columbia·Unlcnowns excluded.Other CanadaPlace of GraduationFigure 2Outside CanadaType of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Full Physiotherapists in British Columbia!December 1991454035i 30ii!S 25i 20~ 15d:105O-t<--==Place of GraduationlEI British Columbia[1 Other CanadaIII Outside CanadaNewRegistrants·Unlcnowns excluded.Prepared by:Health Hwnan Resources UnitUniversity of British CoIwnblaAll Registrants134Table IPhysiotherapists! in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OIherB.C. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Pel'a!ntJ Number PelUntJ Number Pel'a!ntJ Number Pel'a!ntJCanadian Subtotal 548 5%.74 138 64.79 337 55.25 1,023 54.94Nova Scotia 13 1.25 2 0.94 16 2.62 31 1.66Quebec 54 5.20 14 6.57 21 3.44 89 4.78Ontario 95 9.14 37 17.37 62 10.16 194 10.42Manitoba 43 4.14 16 7.51 34 5.57 93 4.99Saskatchewan 20 1.92 6 2.82 13 2.13 39 2.09Alberta 52 5.00 21 9.86 46 7.54 119 6.39British Columbia 271 26.08 42 19.72 145 23.77 458 24.60Non-Canadian Subtotal 469 45.14 71 33.33 163 43.11 803 43.13North & Central America Subtotal 17 1.64 3 1.41 I:z 1.97 31 1.71United Stales of America 17 1.64 3 1.41 12 1.97 32 1.72South America Subtotal 4 0.38°0.00 3 0.49 7 0.38Argentina 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Brazil 1 0.10 0 0.00 2 0.33 3 0.16Chile 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16 1 0.05Colombia 2 0.19 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.11Europe Subtotal 3I:z 30.03 57 Z6.76 109 34.16 578 31.04Austria 2 0.19 0 0.00 2 0.33 4 0.21Belgium 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.33 2 0.11Czechoslova kia 4 0.38 0 0.00 3 0.49 7 0.38Denmark 2 0.19 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.11Finland 0 0.00 1 0.47 0 0.00 1 0.05France 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.33 2 0.11Germany 10 0.96 2 0.94 10 1.64 22 1.18Greece 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Irish Republic (Eire) 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Italy 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Netherlands 11 1.06 3 1.41 30 4.92 44 2.36Norway 2 0.19 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.11Poland 3 0.29 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.16Romania 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16 1 0.05Sweden 4 0.38 0 0.00 3 0.49 7 0.38Switzerland 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.16 1 0.05United Kingdom 267 25.70 51 23.94 154 25.25 472 25.35Yugoslavia 4 0.38 0 0.00 1 0.16 5 0.27Asia Subtotal 35 3.37 1 0.47 4 0.66 40 %.15Hong Kong 14 1.35 0 0.00 0 0.00 14 0.75India 4 0.38 1 0.47 3 0.49 8 0.43Iran 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Israel 2 0.19 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.11PIul ippines 9 0.87 0 0.00 1 0.16 10 0.54South Korea 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Sri Lanka 3 0.29 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.16Taiwan 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.05Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity orBritish Columbia 135Table1Physiotherapistsl in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictPlace or GraduationAfrica SubtotalEgyptSouth AfricaOceania SubtotalA\l!ltraliaNew ZealandUnknownTOTALlDefinitions are as in the attached text.2percenlages may nol add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British ColumbiaDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OCherB.Co TotalNumber Pen:enl2 Number Percenl2 Number Percenl2 Number Percenl2- -15 1.44 0 0.00 6 0.98 21 1.132 0.19 0 0.00 2 0.33 4 0.2113 1.25 0 0.00 4 0.66 17 0.9186 8.28 10 4.69 29 4.75 125 6.7162 5.97 4 1.88 15 2.46 81 4.3524 2.31 6 2.82 14 2.30 44 2.3622 2.12 4 1.88 10 1.64 36 1.931,039 100.00 213 100.00 610 100.00 1,862 100.00136Table2Physiotherapists1 in British Columbia,Full Membersby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OCherB.C. TotalPlace or Graduatloo Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent! Number Percent!-Canadian Subtotal 540 56.43 135 65.85 334 60.62 1,009 58.90NovaScotia 13 1.36 2 0.98 16 2.90 31 1.81Quebec 51 5.33 14 6.83 20 3.63 85 4.96Ontario 92 9.61 35 17.07 62 11.25 189 11.03Manitoba 43 4.49 16 7.80 33 5.99 92 5.37Saskatchewan 20 2.09 6 2.93 13 2.36 39 2.28Alberta 52 5.43 20 9.76 46 8.35 118 6.89British Columbia 269 28.11 42 20.49 144 26.13 455 26.56Non-Canadian Subtotal 396 41.38 66 32.20 207 37.57 669 39.05North & Central America Subtotal 14 1.46 3 1.46 11 2.00 28 1.63United Stales of America 14 1.46 3 1.46 11 2.00 28 1.63South America Subtotal 2 0.21 0 0.00 1 o.t8 3 0.18Brazil 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06Chile 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.18 1 0.06Colombia 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06Europe Subtotal 276 28.84 53 25.85 167 30.31 496 28.96Austria 2 0.21 0 0.00 1 0.18 3 0.18Belgium 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.36 2 0.12Czechoslovakia 3 0.31 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.18Denmark 2 0.21 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.12Finland 0 0.00 1 0.49 0 0.00 1 0.06France 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.36 2 0.12Germany 8 0.84 2 0.98 7 1.27 17 0.99Irish Republic (Eire) 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06Italy 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06Netherlands 7 0.73 2 0.98 15 2.72 24 1.40Norway 2 0.21 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.12Sweden 4 0.42 0 0.00 3 0.54 7 0.41United Kingdom 244 25.50 48 23.41 137 24.86 429 25.04Yugoslavia 2 0.21 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.12Asia Subtotal 31 3.24 1 0.49 1 0.18 33 1.93Hong Kong 11 1.15 0 0.00 0 0.00 11 0.64India 4 0.42 1 0.49 1 0.18 6 0.35Iran 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06Israel 2 0.21 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.12Philippines 9 0.94 0 0.00 0 0.00 9 0.53South Korea 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06Sri Lanka 2 0.21 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.12Taiwan 1 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 137Table 2Physiotherapists1 in British Columbia,Full Membersby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictPlace or GnduatlonAfrica SubtotalEgyptSouth AfricaOceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandUnknownTOTALlDefinitions are as in the attached text.. :!Percentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British ColumbiaDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OCherB.C. TotalNumber Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent214 1.46 0 0.00 3 0.54 17 0.992 0.21 0 0.00 2 0.36 4 0.2312 1.25 0 0.00 1 0.18 13 0.7659 6.17 9 4.39 24 4.36 92 5.3738 3.97 3 1.46 13 2.36 54 3.1521 2.19 6 2.93 11 2.00 38 2.2221 2.19 4 1.95 10 1.81 35 2.04957 100.00 205 100.00 551 100.00 1,713 100.00138Table 3Physiotherapistst in British Columbia,Full Members Employed in Physiotherapy and/or Occupational Therapyby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2-Canadian Subtotal 458 58.20 116 65.91 281 59.66 855 59.62Nova Scotia 9 1.14 1 0.57 12 2.55 22 1.53Quebec 43 5.46 13 7.39 16 3.40 72 5.02Ontario 80 10.17 30 17.05 49 10.40 159 11.09Manitoba 37 4.70 16 9.09 30 6.37 83 5.79Saskatchewan 18 2.29 5 2.84 8 1.70 31 2.16Alberta 44 5.59 19 10.80 41 8.70 104 7.25British Columbia 227 28.84 32 18.18 125 26.54 384 26.78Non-Canadian Subtotal 325 41.30 60 34.09 187 39.70 572 39.89North & Central America Subtotal 11 1.40 3 1.70 9 1.91 23 1.60UnitedStales of America 11 1.40 3 1.70 9 1.91 23 1.60South America Subtotal 2 0.25 0 0.00 1 0.21 3 0.21Brazil 1 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.07Chile 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.21 1 0.07Colombia I 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.07Europe Subtotal 229 29.l0 48 27.27 ISS 32.91 432 30.13Austria 2 0.25 0 0.00 1 0.21 3 0.21Belgium 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.42 2 0.14Czechoslovakia 3 0.38 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.21Denmark 2 0.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.14Finland 0 0.00 1 0.57 0 0.00 1 0.07France 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.42 2 0.14Germany 8 1.02 1 0.57 7 1.49 16 1.12Irish Republic (Eire) 1 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.07Italy 1 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.07Netherlands 6 0.76 2 1.14 15 3.18 23 1.60Sweden 4 0.5 1 0 0.00 3 0.64 7 0.49United Kingdom 200 25.41 44 25.00 125 26.54 369 25.73Yugoslavia 2 0.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.14Asia Subtotal 24 3.05 1 0.57 1 0.21 26 1.81Hong Kong 8 1.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 8 0.56India 4 0.51 1 0.57 1 0.21 6 0.42Iran 1 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.07Israel 2 0.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.14Philippines 5 0.64 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 0.35South Korea 1 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.07Sri Lanka 2 0.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.14Taiwan I 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.07Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversJty or British Columbia 139Table 3Physlotheraplsts' in British Columbia,Full Members Employed in Physiotherapy and/or Occupational Therapyby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictPlace or GraduationAfrica SubtotalEgyptSouth AfricaOceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandUnknownTOTALIDefinitions are as in the attached text.2I'ercentagesmay not add due to rounding.Prepared Uy:Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British ColumbiaDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.C. TotalNumber Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent212 1.52 0 0.00 3 0.64 15 1.052 0.25 0 0.00 2 0.42 4 0.2810 1.27 0 0.00 1 0.21 11 0.7747 5.97 8 4.55 18 3.82 73 5.0928 3.56 3 1.70 8 1.70 39 2.7219 2.41 5 2.84 10 2.12 34 2.374 0.51 0 0.00 3 0.64 7 0.49787 100.00 176 100.00 471 100.00 1,434 100.00140Table4Physiotherapists! in British Columbia,Temporary Membersby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Gnduatlon Number Pel"Clent2 Number Pel"Clent2 Number Percent2 Number Pel"Clent2-Canadian Subtotal 1 2.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.03Ontario 1 2.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.03Non-Canadian Subtotal 47 9732 3 100.00 46 100.00 96 98.97North & Central America Subtotal 2 4.17 0 0.00 1 2.17 3 3.09United States of America 2 4.17 0 0.00 1 2.17 3 3.09South America Subtotal 2 4.17 0 0.00 1 2.17 3 3.09Argentina 1 2.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.03Brazil 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 2.17 1 1.03Colombia 1 2.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.03Europe Subtotal 2S 52.08 2 66.67 35 76.09 62 63.92Austria 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 2.17 1 1.03Czechoslovakia 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 6.52 3 3.09Germany 2 4.17 0 0.00 3 6.52 5 5.15Greece 1 2.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.03Netherlands 2 4.17 0 0.00 13 28.26 15 15.46Poland 2 4.17 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 2.06Romania 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 2.17 1 1.03Switzerland 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 2.17 1 1.03United Kingdom 17 35.42 2 66.67 12 26.09 31 31.96Yugoslavia 1 2.08 0 0.00 1 2.17 2 2.06Asia Subtotal 4 11.33 0 0.00 3 6.52 7 7.22Hong Kong 3 6.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 3.09India 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 4.35 2 2.06Philippines 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 2.17 1 1.03Sri Lanka 1 2.08 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.03Africa Subtotal 1 2.08 0 0.00 2 4.35 3 3.09South Africa 1 2.08 0 0.00 2 4.35 3 3.09Oceania Subtotal 13 27.08 1 33.33 4 8.70 18 18.56Australia 12 25.00 1 33.33 1 2.17 14 14.43NewZea1and 1 2.08 0 0.00 3 6.52 4 4.12TOTAL 48 100.00 3 100.00 46 100.00 97 100.00lDe.finitions are as in the attached text.2percentages may not add due to roun ding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 141TableSPhysiotherapists! in British Columbia,Inactive Membersby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Perunt2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2 Number Percent2- -Canadian Subtotal 7 10.59 3 60.00 3 23.08 13 15.00Quebec 3 8.82 0 0.00 I 7.69 4 7.69Ontario 2 5.88 2 40.00 0 0.00 4 7.69Manitoba 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 7.69 1 1.92Alberta 0 0.00 I 20.00 0 0.00 I 1.92British Columbia 2 5.88 0 0.00 1 7.69 3 5.71Non-Canadian Subtotal 26 76.47 2 40.00 10 76.92 38 73.08North & Central America Subtotal 1 2.94 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.92United States of America I 2.94 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 1.92South America Subtotal 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 7.69 1 1.92Brazil 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 7.69 I 1.92Europe Subtotal 11 32.35 2 40.00 7 53.8S 20 38.46Czechoslovakia I 2.94 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 1.92Netherlands 2 5.88 I 20.00 2 15.38 5 9.62Poland I 2.94 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 1.92United Kingdom 6 17.65 I 20.00 5 3g.46 12 23.08Yugoslavia I 2.94 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 1.92Africa Subtotal 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 7.69 1 l.92South Africa 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 7.69 I 1.92Oceania Subtotal 14 41.18 0 0.00 1 7.69 15 28.8SAustralia 12 35.29 0 0.00 I 7.69 13 25.00NewZeaIand 2 5.88 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 3.85Unknown 1 2.94 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 l.92TOTAL 34 100.00 5 100.00 13 100.00 52 100.00lDefinitions are as in the attached text,"Percentages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 142Table 6Physiotherapists! in British Columbia,Full New Registrantsby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1991Greater Vancouver Capital OtherB.c. TotalPlace or Graduation Number Pereent2 Number Pereent2 Number Percent2 Number Pereent2-Canadian Subtotal 92 46.46 24 77.42 47 57.32 163 52.41Nova Scotia 5 2.53 1 3.23 4 4.88 10 3.22Quebec 5 2.53 3 9.68 4 4.88 12 3.86Ontario 19 9.60 7 22.58 14 17.07 40 12.86Manitoba 6 3.03 0 0.00 3 3.66 9 2.89Saskatchewan 6 3.03 2 6.45 4 4.88 12 3.86Alberta 10 5.05 3 9.68 4 4.88 17 5.47British Columbia 41 20.71 8 25.81 14 17.07 63 20.26Non-Canadian Subtotal 97 48.99 5 16.13 30 36.59 132 42.44North & Central America Subtotal 6 3.03 0 0.00 1 l.22 7 2.25United Slates of America 6 3.03 0 0.00 1 1.22 7 2.25South America Subtotal 1 0.51 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.32Brazil 1 0.51 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.32Europe Subtotal 55 27.78 3 9.68 20 24.39 78 25.08France 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 2.44 2 0.64Germany 1 0.51 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.32Netherlands 2 1.01 0 0.00 6 7.32 8 2.57United Kingdom 52 26.26 3 9.68 12 14.63 67 21.54Asia Subtotal 10 5.05 0 0.00 1 l.22 11 3.54Hong Kong 4 2.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 1.29India 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.22 1 0.32Iran 1 0.51 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.32Philippines 5 2.53 0 0.00 0 0.00 5 1.61Africa Subtotal 4 2.02 0 0.00 1 1.22 5 1.61Egypt 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.22 1 0.32South Africa 4 2.02 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 1.29Oceania Subtotal 21 10.61 2 6.45 7 8.54 30 9.65Australia 19 9.60 1 3.23 6 7.32 26 836New Zealand 2 1.01 1 3.23 1 1.22 4 1.29Unknown 9 4.55 2 6.45 5 6.10 16 5.14TOTAL 198 100.00 31 100.00 82 100.00 311 100.00'Definitions are as in the attached ten.JPercenlages may not add due to rounding.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitUniversity or British Columbia 143144HHRU 85:1(R:25)HHRU 85:2(S:18)HHRU 85:3(R:26)HHRU 85:4(R:27)HHRU 85:5(S:19)HHRU 85:6(HMRU 85:1)HHRU 86:1(HMRU 86:1)HHRU 86:2(S:20)HHRU 86:3(R:28)HHRU 86:4(P:7)HHRU 86:5(R:29)HHRU 86:6(S:21)Health Human Resources UnitCentre for Health Services and Policy ResearchThe University of British Columbia429 - 2194 Health Sciences MallVancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z3Telephone: (604) 822-4810Fax: (604) 822-5690Pharmacists in British Columbia, 1975-1983. A Descriptive Report. February1985. (C. Jackson, S. Chan, M.L. Barer)Life-Cycle Activity Patterns of Registered Nurses in British Columbia:Forecasting Future Supply and Professional Life Expectancy. March 1985. (A.Kazanjian, K. Brothers, G. Wong)ROLLCAlL UPDATE 84. A Status Report of Selected Health Personnel inBritish Columbia, and an Analysis of Trends, 1974-84. April 1985.Dentists, Dental Hygienists and Certified Dental Assistants in British Columbia,1974-1984. A Descriptive Report. April 1985. (R. Gupta, G. Wong, M.L. Barer,A. Kazanjian)Tobacco Taxes and Health Care Costs: Do Canadian Smokers Pay Their Way?April 1985. (G.L. Stoddart, R.J. Labelle, M.L. Barer, R.G. Evans)Fee Practice Medical Service Expenditures Per Capita, and Full-Time-EquivalentPhysicians in B.C. 1979-80 to 1983-84. May 1985. (M.L. Barer, P. Wong Fung)Diagnostic Ultrasound in B.C.. 1979 to 1984. February 1986.(c. Kinnis, M.L. Barer)Life Cycle Activity Patterns of Physicians . February 1986. (M.L. Barer,R. Gupta, M. Kruger)ROLLCAlL 85. A Status Report of Health Personnel in the Province of BritishColumbia. March 1986.PRODUCTION 85. A Status Report on the Production of Health and HumanServices Personnel in the Province of British Columbia. March 1986.Place of Graduation for Selected Health Occupations, 1985. May 1986. (V. Lee,C. Jackson)Specialty and Practice Location Decisions of Physicians Entering PostgraduateTraining in British Columbia, 1974 to 1978. May 1986. (M.L. Barer, C. Kinnis, S.Chan)145HHRU 86:7(S:22)HHRU 86:8(R:30)HHRU 87:1(S:23)HHRU 87:2(R:31)HHRU 87:3(HMRU 87:1)HHRU 87:4(S:24)Nurse Requirements in British Columbia: 1979-1982 Trends. Part II: NurseEducators (Academic) - Preliminary Findings. September 1986. (A. Kazanjian, S.Chan)Registered Psychiatric Nurses in British Columbia, 1985. A Status Report.October 1986. (C. Kinnis)Dental Hygienists in British Columbia, 1985: A Survey of Demographic,Educational and Career Patterns. February 1987. (I. Pulcins, V. Lee)ROLLCAU UPDATE 86. A Status Report of Selected Health Personnel in theProvince of British Columbia. March 1987.Fee Practice Medical Service Expenditures per Capita, and Full-Time-EquivalentPhysicians in B.C., 1985-86. March 1987. (M.L. Barer, P . Wong Fung)Difficult-to-Fill Vacancies in the Health Care Field, British Columbia, 1980-1986.June 1987. (C. Kinnis)HHRU 88:1(1) The Nurse Manpower Study. Volume I: Report of the Nurse Manpower Study(HMRU 88:1(1» Advisory Committee. February 1988.HHRU 88:1(2) The Nurse Manpower Study. Volume II: A Synthesis of the Nurse Manpower(HMRU 88:1(2» Data in British Columbia. February 1988. (I. Pulcins, A. Kazanjian, K. Kerluke)HHRU 88:1(3) The Nurse Manpower Study. Volume Ill: Influence of the Workplace on Nurse(HMRU 88:1(3» Manpower Supply in British Columbia: An Exploratory Study. February 1988.(D.G. Layton)HHRU 88:2(HMRU 88:2)HHRU 88:3(HMRU 88:3)HHRU88:4(HMRU 88:4)HHRU 88:5(HMRU 88:5)HHRU 88:6(HMRU 88:6)HHRU 88:7(HMRU 88:7)HHRU 89:1(HMRU 89:1)Diagnostic Ultrasound in British Columbia, 1986. March 1988. (C. Kinnis, M.L.Barer)Social Workers in Health Care Settings in British Columbia, 1987. A StatusReport. March 1988. (I. Pulcins, S. Chan)ROLLCAU 87. A Status Report of Health Personnel in the Province of BritishColumbia. March 1988.PRODUCTION 87. A Status Report on the Production of Health and HumanServices Personnel in the Province of British Columbia. March 1988.Supply of and Requirements for Academic Medical Manpower in BritishColumbia. May 1988. (M.L. Barer, A. Kazanjian, N. Pagliccia)Place of Graduation for Selected Health Occupations - 1987. August 1988. (K.Kerluke, C. Jackson, A. Kazanjian)ROLLCAU UPDATE 88. A Status Report of Selected Health Personnel in theProvince of British Columbia. March 1988.146HHRU 89:2(HMRU 89:2)HHRU 89:3(HMRU 89:3)HHRU 89:4(HMRU 89:4)HHRU 90:1(HMRU 90:1)HHRU 90:2(HMRU 90:2)HHRU 90:3(HMRU 90:3)HHRU 90:4(HMRU 90:4)HHRU 90:5(HMRU 90:5)HHRU 90:6(HMRU 90:6)HHRU 90:7(HMRU 90:7)HHRU 91:1HHRU 91:2HHRU 91:3HHRU 91:4RHealth Managers in B.C. Part T: Methods and Preliminary Findings FromSurvey of Chief Executive Officers. July 1989. (A. Kazanjian, N. Pagllccia, C.Jackson)Fee Practice Medical Service Expenditures Per Capita, and Full-Time-EquivalentPhysicians in British Columbia, 1987-88. August 1989. (A. Kazanjian, P. WongFung, M.L. Barer)Providers of Vision Care in British Columbia: A Report on the Status ofOphthalmologists and Optometrists, and On the Utilization of Ophthalmological andOptometric Services, 1975-1988. July 1989. (1. Pulcins, P. Wong Fung, C. Jackson,K. Kerluke, A. Kazanjian)Nurse Deployment Patterns: Examples for Health Human Resources Management.February 1990. (A. Kazanjian, I. Pulcins, K. Kerluke)Proceedings of the Workshop on Priorities in Health Human Resources Researchin Canada. March 1990. (A. Kazanjian, K. Friesen)ROLLCALL 89. A Status Report of Health Personnel in the Province of BritishColumbia . March 1990.PRODUCTION 89. A Status Report on the Production of Health and HumanServices Personnel in the Province of British Columbia. March 1990.Health Personnel Modelling: A Bibliography With Abstracts. June 1990. (N.Pagliccia, C. Jackson, A. Kazanjian)Health Managers in B.C. Part II: Who Manages Our System? ­Sociodemographic Characteristics, Employment Patterns, Educational Backgroundand Training of Health Managers. June 1990. (A. Kazanjian, C. Jackson, N.Pagliccia)Place of Graduation for Selected Health Occupations - 1989. November 1990.(S. Cavalier, K. Kerluke, L. Wood)Registered Psychologists in British Columbia, 1990: A Status Report. March 1991.(C. Jackson, L. Wood, K. Kerluke, A. Kazanjian)Study of Rural Physician Supply: Practice Location Decisions and Problems inRetention. Volume T. March 1991. (A. Kazanjian, N. Pagliccia, L. Apland, S.Cavalier, L. Wood)ROLLCAU UPDATE 90. A Status Report of Selected Health Personnel in theProvince of British Columbia. March 1991.A Single Stochastic Model For Forecasting Nurse Supply and For Estimating Life­Cycle Activity Patterns. May 1991. (A. Kazanjian)147HHRU 92:1 Information Needed to Support Health Human Resources Management. February1992. (A. Kazanjian)HHRU 92:2 ROllCAll 91. A Status Report of Health Personnel in the Province ofBritishColumbia. May 1992.HHRU 92:3 PRODUCTION 91. A Status Report on the Production of Health and HumanServices Personnel in the Province of British Columbia. May 1992.HHRU 92:4R A Human Resources Decision Support Model: Nurse Deployment Patterns in OneCanadian System. November 1992. (A. Kazanjian, I. Pulcins, K. Kerluke)HHRU 92:5R Health "Manpower" Planning or Gender Relations? The Obvious and the Oblique.June 1992. (A. Kazanjian)148

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