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Place of graduation for selected health occupations - 1989 Cavalier, Sharon; Kerluke, Kerry; Wood, Laura Nov 30, 1990

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Place of Graduation forSelected Health Occupations - 1989IllIRU 90:7 November 1990PLACE OF GRADUATIONFORSELECTED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS - 1989HMRU 90:7Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitDivision of Health Services Research and DevelopmentOffice of the Coordinator of Health SciencesThe John F. McCreary Health Sciences CentreThe University of British ColumbiaVancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6T lZ6Sharon CavalierKerry KerlukeLaura WoodNovember 1990This document is one of a series describing the distribution of health humanresources in the Province of British Columbia. These reports, prepared for theHealth Human Resources Working Group of the Ministry of Health, are workingdocuments and comments or suggestions are welcome.TH E UN I VE R S I T Y OF BRITISH COLUMBIAHealth Manpower Research UnitDivision of Health ServicesResearch and Development#400·2194 Health Sciences MallVancouver, B.C. Canada V6T lZ6Tel: (604) 228-4810Fax: (604) 228-2495November 30, 1990Dr. D. BigelowChainnanHealth Human Resources Working GroupMinistry of Health1515 Blanshard StreetVictoria. B.C.V8W 3C8Dear Dr. Bigelow:It is with great pleasure that we transmit to you and members of the Health HumanResources Working Group the tenth edition of our Place of Graduation series, derived from thesame cooperative database as ROLLCALL89. Place of Graduation 1989 provides analyses byprovince or country of graduation for twelve selected health occupations.Data for two groups, Massage Practitioners and Physiotherapists, have been added to thosereported in the 1987 publication.As usual, we look forward to suggestions and comments from the Health Human ResourcesWorking Group, as well as from other users of this report-Arminee Kazanjian, Dr.Soc.Associate DirectorDivision of Health ServicesResearch and DevelopmentA Research Unit for the Health Manpower Working Group, Ministry of Health, British ColumbiaTABLE OF CONTENTSList of FiguresList of TablesIntroductionDefinitionsSummary Figures and TablesHealth Groups:Dental Assistants - CertifiedDental HygienistsDentistsNurses - Licensed PracticalNurses - RegisteredNurses - Registered PsychiatricMassage PractitionersOccupational TherapistsPhysiotherapistsPharmacistsPsychologistsPhysiciansPageiiiv123131721273347576167737985iilNumber1234567891011121314LIST OF FIGURESPercentage Distribution of Selected Health Personnel inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation, 1989Percentage Distribution of B.C. Graduates for SelectedHealth Personnel in British Columbia, 1981 and 1989Training Index for Selected Health Personnel in BritishColumbia, 1981 and 1989Percentage Distribution of Certified Dental Assistantsin British Columbia by Place of Gmduation, September 1989Percentage Distribution of Dental Hygienists in BritishColumbia by Place of Graduation, September 1989Percentage Distribution of Licensed Dentists in BritishColumbia by Place of Graduation, September 1989Percentage Distribution of Licensed Practical Nurses inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation, September 1989Percentage Distribution of Registered Nurses in BritishColumbia by Place of Graduation, June 1989Percentage Distribution of Practising Registered NursesEmployed in Nursing in British Columbia by Place oofGraduation, June 1989Percentage Distribution of Non-Practising RegisteredNurses in British Columbia by Place of Graduation,June 1989Percentage Distribution of Registered Psychiatric Nursesin British Columbia by Place of Graduation, October 1989Percentage Distribution of Practising RegisteredPsychiatric Nurses in British Columbia by Place ofGraduation, October 1989Percentage Distribution of Non-Practising RegisteredPsychiatric Nurses in British Columbia by Place ofGraduation, October 1989Percentage Distribution of Massage Practitioners inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation,December 1989Page48101519232936404450525459iiiivLIST OF FIGURES (continued)Number Page151617181920Percentage Distribution of Occupational Therapists(Members) in British Columbia by Place of Graduation,December 1989Percentage Distribution of Physiotherapists in BritishColumbia by Place of Graduation, December 1989Percentage Distribution of Phannacists in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation, December 1989Percentage Distribution of Registered Psychologists inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation, December 1989Percentage Distribution of Directory Active Physicians inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation, September 1989Percentage Distribution of Non-Postgraduate Physicians inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation, September 1989636975818892vLIST OF TABLESNumber Page1 Number and Percentage Distribution of Selected Health 5Personnel in British Columbia by Place of Graduation byRegional Hospital District, 19892 Active Personnel, Number and Percentage Distribution of 9B.C. Graduates for Selected Health Personnel in BritishColumbia, 1981 to 19893 Active Personnel, Number Graduating from B.C. Programs and 11Training Index for Selected Health Personnel in BritishColumbia, 1981 to 19894 Number and Percentage Distribution of Certified Dental 16Assistants in British Columbia by Place of Graduation byRegional Hospital District, September 19895 Number and Percentage Distribution of Dental Hygienists 20in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by RegionalHospital District, September 19896 Number and Percentage Distribution of Licensed Dentists 24in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by RegionalHospital District, September 19897 Number and Percentage Distribution of Licensed Practical 30Nurses in British Columbia by Place of Graduation byRegional Hospital District, September 19898 Number and Percentage Distribution of Registered Nurses 37in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by RegionalHospital District, June 19899 Number and Percentage Distribution of Practising 41Registered Nurses Employed in Nursing in BritishColumbia by Place of Graduation by Regional HospitalDistrict, June 198910 Number and Percentage Distribution of Non-Practising 45Registered Nurses in British Columbia by Place ofGraduation by Regional Hospital District, June 198911 Number and Percentage Distribution of Registered 51Psychiatric Nurses in British Columbia by Place ofGraduation by Regional Hospital District, October 198912 Number and Percentage Distribution of Practising 53Registered Psychiatric Nurses in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital District,October 1989viUST OF TABLES (continued)Number Page1314151617181920Number and Percentage Distribution of Non-PractisingRegistered Psychiatric Nurses in British Columbia byPlace of Graduation by Regional Hospital District,October 1989Number and Percentage Distribution of Massage Practitionersin British Columbia by Place of Graduation by RegionalHospital District, December 1989Number and Percentage Distribution of OccupationalTherapists (Members) in British Columbia by Place ofGraduation by Regional Hospital District, December 1989Number and Percentage Distribution of Physiotherapists inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation by RegionalHospital District, December 1989Number and Percentage Distribution of Pharmacists inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation by RegionalHospital District, December 1989Number and Percentage Distribution of RegisteredPsychologists in British Columbia by Place of Graduationby Regional Hospital District, December 1989Number and Percentage Distribution of Directory ActivePhysicians in British Columbia by Place of Graduation byRegional Hospital District, September 1989Number and Percentage Distribution of Non-PostgraduatePhysicians in British Columbia by Place of Graduationby Regional Hospital District, September 19895560647076828993IN1RODUCTIONThis report is the tenth of its kind reporting the place of graduation for selected healthoccupations in British Columbia. The choice of groups for the current report is restricted to"licensed" or "registered" professions in this province for which updated data are available, andplace of graduation of members is known. In all cases, the total number of licensed or registeredprofessionals, as of the date of record, is given. Two groups appear in this report which were notincluded in the 1987 publication: Massage Practitioners and Physiotherapists. OccupationalTherapists are the only personnel presented here for which registration is not mandatory, butregulation exists in the form of exclusive use of statutory title.In some cases "unknowns" for place of graduation may appear. With the exception ofPhysiotherapists and Massage Practitioners, this number represents less than three percent of theprofession concerned. Beginning with this edition, the "unknown" subtotals in the figures andtables have been calculated and recorded separately from the non-Canadian subtotals.Data presented in this report should not be interpreted as immigration indicators. Non-Canadiansubtotals simply indicate the number of persons who have received training outside Canada.Included in these figures are those Canadians who have received such training and subsequentlyreturned to Canada to practise their professions.12DEFINITIONSPLACE OF GRADUATION refers to the country or province where the health worker receivedbasic professional qualifications, as reported to his/her Association or licensing body. Forpsychologists, place of graduation refers to province or country of most recent qualification.REGIONAL HOSPITAL DISTRICT refers to the British Columbia Regional Hospital District inwhich the health worker resides.GREATERVANCOUVERrefers to the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District whichincludes Burnaby, Coquitlam, Delta, Langley, New Westminster, North Vancouver, PortCoquitlam, Port Moody, Richmond, Surrey, Vancouver, and West Vancouver.CAPITALrefers to the Capital Regional Hospital District which includes Saanich, Sidney, Sooke,and Victoria, as well as a number of smaller surrounding areas.OTHER B.C. refers to the other Regional Hospital Districts in the province.ACTIVErefers to: 1. active registrants: for groups which have registration and licensingrequirements, which mayor may not be mandatory; 2. active members: for groups which do nothave formal registration requirements and for which provincial associations usually specifymembership criteria and categories; these are comprised of at least two levels, active/inactive.OTHER DEFINITIONS which pertain only to one or another group are contained within thecomments on that specific group.SUMMARY FIGURES AND TABLESTable 1 shows place of graduation by regional hospital district of residence for all health workers(54,796) included in this report, For the twelve professional groups included, 51.3 percent aregraduates of British Columbian programs. When considering only Canadian graduates who areregistered or licensed in the province (83.2% of the total), B.C. graduates constitute 61.6 percentof that group. Of the 16.1 percent who are graduates of non-Canadian programs, slightly lessthan half (45.3%) were trained in the United Kingdom. These distributions are illustrated inFigure 1. Place of graduation is unknown for less than one percent of the selected healthworkers for 1989.Due to the addition of Massage Practitioners and Physiotherapists to the 1989 report, Table 1depicts Place of Graduation distributions for twelve health personnel groups. Data from the 1987report depict the distributions for ten health personnel groups. The summary tables from 1987and 1989 are, therefore, not directly comparable. However, ten groups appear in both reports:Certified Dental Assistants, Dental Hygienists, Dentists, Licensed Practical Nurses, RegisteredNurses, Registered Psychiatric Nurses, Occupational Therapists, Pharmacists, Psychologists, andPhysicians. In comparing 1989 data for these ten groups with data from 1987, we find that thetotal number of health personnel has increased from 49,691 in 1987 to 52,771 in 1989 (these dataare not shown here but are available upon request). B.C. graduates constitute 62.1 percent of allCanadian graduates who are registered or licensed in the province, while Canadian graduatesaccount for 84.0 percent of the total for 1989. These numbers were 61.7 percent and 83.6percent, respectively, for 1987. For the ten health personnel groups included, 52.1 percent areBritish Columbian graduates; this percentage is up from 51.6 percent in 1987. Non-Canadiangraduates, as a group, comprise 15.6 percent of the total. Of all non-Canadian graduates, 44.2percent are from the United Kingdom. These figures are similar to those reported in 1987.From a longitudinal perspective, Figure 2 graphically depicts the relative proportions of B.C.graduates in each health personnel group for which historical data exist, for 1981 and 1989. Thedata indicate that there has been an increase in the proportion of B.C. graduates for all but twogroups, Certified Dental Assistants and Dental Hygienists. Table 2 shows that, historically, B.C.produces relatively more of its Certified Dental Assistants, Licensed Practical Nurses , andPharmacists than it does any of the other groups included in this report, Physicians have had thesmallest proportion of B.C. graduates.Figure 3 depicts the training index (training index = active personnel divided by the numbergraduating from B.C. programs) for each health group for 1981 and 1989. There has been anincrease in the ratio of health personnel graduating in B.C. relative to active personnel for all butthree groups: Dental Hygienists and Physicians show a decrease, while Registered Nurses haveremained relatively constant Table 3 shows the graduation data in more detail for 1981 throughto 1989.34Figure 1Percentage Distribution of Selected Health Personnel*in British Columbia by Place of Graduation1989(N=54,796)Unknown IOceania ~Africa IAsia ~Europe.South America INorth l!t Central America ~Atlantic Region ~Quebec ~Ontario.Manitoba ISaskatchewan ~Alberta.British ColumbiaYukon l!t N.W. Terr itoriesIoI20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100• Include I Certified Oentel Allistenll. Oentel Hyglenllte. Dentists.Licensed Pract icsl Nunel. Registered Nunes. Registered PlychlatrlcNursel . Meallge Pract itioners. Occupationel Thera piUs (Memberal.PhYllotherlpllts . Phltmlciau . Paychologiats end PhYllc ienlPrepered by ,Health Manpower Reaeltch UnitThe Uni"ersity of Br itilh ColumbiaTable 1 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Selected Health Personnel 'tn Brtttsh COlumbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal Dtstrtct1989Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadtan Subtotal 22,781 80.05 5,488 85.94 17,387 88.83 45,594 83.21Canada (Province unstated) 2 .01 3 .05 7 .03 i2 .02Newfoundland 165 .58 34 .53 87 .43 286 .52Prince Edward Island 27 .09 11 .17 32 .16 70 .13Nova Scotia 420 1.48 107 1.68 266 1.33 793 1.45New Brunswick 135 .47 28 .44 107 .53 270 .49Quebec 917 3.22 165 2.59 347 1. 73 1.429 2.61Ontario 2,724 9.58 754 11.86 1,713 8.56 5,191 9.47Manitoba 1,244 4.37 3i6 4.97 879 4.39 2,439 4.45Saskatchewan 895 3.15 281 4.42 1,092 5.46 2,268 4.14Alberta 1,947 6.85 666 10.47 2,110 10.55 4,723 8.62British Columbia 14,278 50.21 3,097 48.69 10,709 53.54 28,084 51.25Yukon 7 .02 4 .06 15 .07 26 .05Northwest Territories 0 .00 0 .00 3 .01 3 .OiNon-Canadtan SUbtotal 5,491 19.31 848 13.30 2,488 12.43 8,823 18.10N. & Central America Subtotal 684 2.41 131 2.06 478 2.39 1,293 2.36Bermuda 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00 1 .00Mexico 8 .03 0 .00 4 .02 12 .02United States 655 2.30 128 2.01 459 2.29 1,242 2.27Barbados 0 .00 0 .00 2 .01 2 .00Cuba 1 .00 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00Belize (Honduras, British) 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00 1 .00.Jamaica 17 .06 3 .05 8 .04 28 .05St. Lucia 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00 1 .00St. Vincent i .00 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00Trinidad and Tobago 1 .00 0 .00 2 .01 3 .01West Indies 1 .00 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00South America Subtotal 37 .13 5 .08 5 .02 47 .09Argentina 10 .04 0 .00 1 .00 11 .02Bolivia 0 .00 1 .02 0 .00 1 .00Brazil 3 .01 0 .00 0 .00 3 .01Chile 12 .04 1 .02 1 .00 14 .03Colombia 7 .02 0 .00 0 .00 7 .01Guyana 2 .01 1 .02 1 .00 4 .01Paraguay 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00 1 .00Peru 3 .01 1 .02 0 .00 4 .01Uruguay 0 .00 1 .02 i .00 2 .00VI..... contfnuedTable 1 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Selected Health Personnel'(Continued)tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital District0\1989Regional Hospital DistrictIPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Europe Subtotal 2,757 9.70 579 9.iO i,523 7.61 4,859 8.87Austria 17 .06 2 .03 7 .03 26 .05Belgium 8 .03 i .02 2 .01 11 .02Czechoslovakia 39 .14 2 .03 8 .04 49 .09Denmark 22 .08 3 .05 14 .07 39 .07Finland 8 .03 3 .05 4 .02 15 .03France 8 .03 1 .02 3 .01 i2 .02Germany 72 .25 7 . 11 56 .28 i35 .25Greece 10 .04 1 .02 0 .00 11 .02Hungary i2 .04 3 .05 7 .03 22 .04Iceland 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00 1 .00Irish RepUblic (Eire) i38 .49 15 .24 79 .39 232 .42Italy 11 .04 1 .02 1 .00 13 .02Malta 2 .01 0 .00 1 .00 3 .01Netherlands 61 .21 16 .25 64 .32 14i .26Norway 7 .02 0 .00 4 .02 11 .02Poland 33 .12 1 .02 4 .02 38 .07Portugal 4 .01 0 .00 2 .01 6 .01Romania 2 .01 0 .00 5 .02 7 .OiSpain 4 .01 2 .03 2 .01 8 .OiSweden 23 .08 1 .02 12 .06 36 .07SWitzerland 17 .06 2 .03 4 .02 23 .04United Kingdom 2,235 7.86 518 8.14 1,242 6.21 3,995 7.29USSR (Russia) 1 .00 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00Yugoslavia 23 .08 0 .00 1 .00 24 .04Asia Subtotal 1,453 5.11 74 1. 16 i96 .98 1,723 3.14Burma 2 .01 0 .00 0 .00 2 .00Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 6 .02 0 .00 2 .01 8 .01China 21 .07 3 .05 2 .01 26 .05Taiwan (Formosa) 45 .16 1 .02 6 .03 52 .09Hong Kong 295 1.04 6 .09 12 .06 313 .57India 92 .32 13 .20 46 .23 151 .28Indonesia 3 .01 0 .00 0 .00 3 .01Iran 13 .05 3 .05 3 .01 19 .03Iraq 5 .02 0 .00 0 .00 5 .01Israel 14 .05 0 .00 0 .00 14 .03"'apan 13 .05 2 .03 1 .00 16 .03Kuwait 1 .00 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00Lebanon 3 .01 0 .00 1 .00 4 .01.... . contlnuedTable 1 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Selected Health Personnel'(Contfnued)tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal Dtstrtct1989Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent·Macao 1 .00 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00Malaysia 20 .07 0 .00 3 .01 23 .04Pakistan 12 .04 1 .02 1 .00 14 .03Philippines 801 2.82 42 .66 109 .54 952 1. 74Saudi Arabia 23 .08 0 .00 0 .00 23 .04Singapore 31 . 11 1 .02 4 .02 36 .07Korea, South 36 .13 i .02 5 .02 42 .08Syria 1 .00 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00Thailand 1 .00 1 .02 0 .00 2 .00Turkey 7 .02 0 .00 0 .00 7 .01Vietnam, North 1 .00 0 .00 1 .00 2 .00Vietnam, South 3 .01 0 .00 0 .00 3 .01Korea (North or South)' 3 .Oi 0 .00 0 .00 3 .01Africa Subtotal 187 .66 16 .25 94 .47 297 .54Ethiopia 1 .00 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00Ghana 0 .00 0 .00 3 .01 3 .01Kenya 12 .04 0 .00 1 .00 13 .02Libya 1 .00 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00Nigeria 5 .02 0 .00 3 .01 8 .o tZimbabwe (Rhodesia) 5 .02 0 .00 0 .00 5 .01South Africa 135 .47 14 .22 76 .38 225 .41Uganda 8 .03 0 .00 5 .02 13 .02Arab Rep. of Egypt(U.A.R.) 18 .06 2 .03 6 .03 26 .05Zambia 1 .00 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00Africa (Other) 1 .00 0 .00 0 .00 i .00Oceania Subtotal 373 1. 31 41 .64 190 .95 604 1.10Australia 204 .72 24 .38 105 .52 333 .61New Zealand 154 .54 17 .27 85 .42 256 .47Fiji 14 .05 0 .00 0 .00 14 .03Mauritius 1 .00 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00Unknown Subtotal 183 .64 48 .75 148 .74 379 .69Total 28,435 100.00 B,3BO 100.00 20,001 100.00 54,79B 100.00, Includes Certified Dental Assistants, Dental Hygienists, Dentists, Licensed Practical Nurses, Registered Nurses,Registered Psychiatric Nurses, Massage Practitioners, Occupational Therapists (Members), Physiotherapists,Pharmacists, Psychologists and Physicians.I Percentages may not add due to rounding.• Not specified.Prepared by:Health Manpower Research Unit-...J8Figure 2Percentage Distribution ofB.C. Graduates forSelected Health Personnel in British Columbia1981 and 1989Cert. Dental Assistants"""'f.'~,",Den tal Hyg ie n1Sts·.IJI~IIt1t1lll1it1lf1~lI..£JDentistsLic. Pract ical Nurs e sllllllflllllll1l11Registered NursesReg . Psychiatric Nurses·Massage Practitioners·Occupational Therapists·Physiotherapists·Psychologists·Physiciansllll1llo 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 BO 90 100Percent B.C. GradsLegendEZl 1981IlIlllllII 1989• Dati for Reg iltered Payohlatr lo Nu .. ea. a,haa.ge Pr.olit ione...Ooeu patlonal Ther.platt. Phyalotha .. piltl end Payeholo gleuare not .v.i1.ble for 1981 .Prep. red by :Heelth Menpower Re ..arch UnitThe Unlve.. lty of Britl.h Columb iaTable 2 Active Personnel, NuIJm!r and Percentage Distribution of B.C. Graduatesfor selected Health Personnel in British C01Llll'bia1981 to 1989198i i983 i985 1987 i989Active B.C. Active B.C. Active B.C. Active B.C. Active B.C.Per- GradJates Per- Grac1Jates Per- GradJates Per- GradJates Per- GradJatessavlel No. Pct. savlel No. Pct. savlel No. Pct. saTIel No. Pct. sc:nnel No. Pct.DENTAL PERSONNELCertified Dental Assistants 1,840 1,767 96.0 2.205 2.084 94.5 2.673 2.459 92.0 2.997 2.774 92.6 3.482 3.202 92.0Dental Hygienists 448 203 45.3 5i3 232 45.2 602 269 44.7 665 295 44.4 825 352 42.7Dentists 1.670 373 22.3 1.746 434 24.9 1.808 529 29.3 1.846 570 30.9 1.905 636 33.4NURSING PERSONNELL1censed Pract ica1 Nurses 6.991 4.427 63.3 6.891 4.422 64.2 6.402 4.205 65.7 5.934 4.053 68.3 6.080 4.134 68.0Regi~tered Nurses' 19.962 9.148 45.8 20.374 9.337 45.8 2i.906 10.458 47.7 23.015 11.244 48.9 24.805 12.260 49.4Reg. Psychiatric Nurses' - - - - - - - - - 1.959 1.282 65.4 2.074 1.315 63.4REHABILITATION PERSONNELMassage Practitioners - - - - - - - - - - - - 476 194 40.8Occupational Therapists - - - - - - - - - 426 124 29.1 431 135 31.3Physiotherapists - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.549 397 25.6PHARMACISTS 1.918 1,464 76.3 2.004 1.553 77.5 2.048 i,610 78.6 2.172 1.722 79.3 2.285 1.822 79.7PSYCHOLOGISTS - - - - - - - - - 705 254 36.0 708 269 38.0PHYSICIANS' 5.690 1,060 18.6 6.038 1.191 19.7 6,405 i,378 21.5 6.656 1,531 23.0 7.093 1.710 24.1, Practising Registered Nurses.I Practising Registered Psychiatric Nurses., Directory Active Physicians.Prepared by:Hea1th Manpower Research Uni tThe University of British Colurrbia1010Figure 3Training Index forSelected Health Personnel*in British Columbia1981 and 1989Cert. Dental AssistantsDental HygienistsDentistslic Practical NursesRegistered NursesReg . Psychiatric NursesOccupational Therapists··Physiotherapists··PharmacistsPhysicianso 10LegendI'ZLI 1981I!llllIlIl 198920 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Training Index• o.t. for M••••g. Pr.ctitloners .nd Psychologists .re not ev.il.bl • .•• o.t. lor Occupation.1 Ther.plats end Phyelotheraplsts ere nolav.il.ble lor 1881 .Pr.par.d by :H•• lth Manpower R•••• rch UnitThe Unlveralty 01 Brltl.h ColumbleTable 3 Active Personnel, Nunf:M!r GraclJating ' from B.C. Pro!raJns and Training Index'for selected Health Personnel in British COluna fa1981 to 1989'1981 i983 i985 1987 1989Act ive Nurrber Active Nurrber Active Nurrber Active Nurrber Active NurrberPer- Grad- Per- Grad- Per- Grad- Per- Grad- Per- Grad-scnne l uating Index sa1I1e l ua t ing I ndex sa1I1el uat inQ I ndex sa1I1el uating Index sa1l1el uating IndexDENTAL PERSONNELCertified Dental Assistants' 1,840 257 7.2 2,205 248 8 .9 2,673 279 9 .6 2,997 304 9 .9 3 ,482 279 12.5Dental Hyg ienists 448 20 22 .4 513 20 25 .7 602 20 30.1 665 0 - 825 39 21.2Dentists 1 ,670 39 42 .8 1,746 42 4 1.6 i,808 40 45 .2 1,846 41 45.0 1,905 40 47 .6NURSING PERSONNELLicensed Practical Nurses " 6,991 309 22 .6 6,891 353 19 .5 6,402 244 26.2 5 ,934 233 25.5 6 ,080 139 43.7Registered Nurses " 19,962 625 31.9 20,374 716 28 .5 21,906 700 31.3 23,015 710 32.4 24,805 791 31.4Reg. Psych iatric Nurses' 1,780 98 18.2 1,849 90 20 .5 1,978 72 27.5 1,959 72 27.2 2 ,074 69 30. 1REHABILITATION PERSONNELOCCUpational Therapists - - - - - - - - - 426 16 26.6 431 23 18.7Physiotherapists - - - - - - - - - 1,493 i9 78.6 1,549 25 62.0PHARMACISTS 1,918 87 22:0 2,004 83 24 .1 2 ,048 65 31 .5 2,i72 97 22 .4 2 ,285 9i 25.1PHYSICIANS 5 ,690 87 65.4 6,038 117 5 1.6 6,405 120 53 .4 6,656 i 24 53.7 7 ,093 124 57 .2I Source: PRODUCTION report for the year specified. Data for 198i through 1985 are calendar year; data f o r 1987 and 1989 are academicyears 1986/87 and 1988/89 respect iva1Y. PRODUCTION data for Massage Practitioners and Psychologists are not available .• Training I ndex = Active persa1l1el diVided by the nuntJer gradUating from 8 . C. programs.> The figures may d iffer f r om those of earlier report s, dUe to a change in the method of calculation.• NLrrtJer graduating includes those from Dental Ass istant Level II and upgrading programs to Level II; 1981 figJres include an estimate of elevenand i983 figJres inclUde an estimate of twelve graduates from dental assistant upgrading programs ." Nurrber gradUating inclUdes those from basic nurs ing, nursing orderly and pract ical nursing programs.• Nurrber graduating includes those from d iploma, basic baccalaureate and nursing access programs ., Nurrber graduating inclUdes those from d iploma and psychiatric nurs ing access programs .Prepared by:Health Manpower Research U1i tThe University of British Columbia..........12DENTAL ASSISTANTS - CERTIFIED1314DENTAL ASSISTANTS - CERTIFIEDSource of Data:College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia1Defmition:Certified Dental Assistants (Level n Dental Auxiliaries) included in this report haveregistered with the College of Dental Surgeons of B.C. and have paid their annual dues.(See ROLLCALL89 for a detailed definition of this group.) On the date of record, theyhad British Columbia addresses and were legally licensed to practise under the personalsupervision of a duly licensed member of the College. They mayor may not have beenemployed as certified dental assistants.Date of Record:September 1989.Discussion:Table 4 shows that B.C.-trained personnel account for 92.0 percent, and Canadian-trainedpersonnel, as a whole, account for 97.3 percent of the total (3,482).Overall, the slight decrease in Alberta-trained personnel reported in 1987 has stabilized(4% in 1983; 5.2% in 1985; 4.3% in 1987; 4.2% in 1989), but the tendency of this group toreside in Other B.C. continues. Similarly, U.S.-trained personnel are more likely to residein Other B.C. than in either of the other two regions. The absolute number of certifieddental assistants in B.C. has increased from 2,673 in 1985 to 2!)97 in 1987 and to 3,482 in1989, mostly due to an increase in B.C.-trained personnel (2,459 in 1985; 2,774 in 1987;3,202 in 1989). There has also been an increase in the number of U.S.-trained certifieddental assistants (37 in 1985; 49 in 1987; 70 in 1989).1In order to practise as a certified dental assistant in B.C., it is necessary to be registered bythe College of Dental Surgeons of B.C. and to hold a valid licence under the Dentists Act.Figure 4Percentage Distribution of Certified Dental Assistantsin British Columbia by Place of GraduationSeptember 1989(N=3,482)Unknown IOceania IAfricaAsia IEurope ISouth America INorth 8t Central America ~Atlantic Region IQuebecOntario IManitoba ISaskatchewan IAlberta ~15British ColumbiaYukon 8t N.W. Territories IIoPrepued by :Health Manpower Reaeuch UnitThe Unlvaralty of Britlah Columb iaI I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 4 Number and Percentage Dtstrlbutton of certtfted Dental Asststants'tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrtctSeptember 1989.....(J'\Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumbe_r__ Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent·Canadtan Subtotal 1,449 98.92 348 99.43 1,594 97.25 3,389 97.33Prince Edward Island 1 .07 0 .00 1 .06 2 .06Nova Scotia 2 .13 0 .00 0 .00 2 .06Ontario 4 .27 0 .00 3 .18 7 .20Manitoba 8 .54 3 .86 1 .06 12 .34Saskatchewan 4 .27 1 .29 11 .67 16 .46Alberta 58 3.88 10 2.87 79 4.82 147 4.22British Columbia' 1,372 91.77 332 95.40 1,498 91.40 3,202 91.96Northwest Territories 0 .00 0 .00 1 .06 1 .03Non-Canadtan Subtotal 42 2.81 2 .57 43 2.82 87 2.50N. & Central America Subtotal 28 1.87 2 .57 42 2.56 72 2.07Mexico 1 .07 0 .00 1 .06 2 .06United States 27 1.81 2 .57 41 2.50 70 2.01South America Subtotal 1 .07 0 .00 0 .00 1 .03Argentina 1 .07 0 .00 0 .00 1 .03Europe Subtotal 5 .33 0 .00 1 .06 6 .17Czechoslovakia 1 .07 0 .00 0 .00 1 .03Germany 0 .00 0 .00 1 .06 1 .03Hungary 1 .07 0 .00 0 .00 1 .03United Kingdom 3 .20 0 .00 0 .00 3 .09Asia Subtotal 3 .20 0 .00 0 .00 3 .09Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 1 .07 0 .00 0 .00 1 .03Philippines 2 .13 0 .00 0 .00 2 .06Oceania SUbtotal 5 .33 0 .00 0 .00 5 .14New Zealand 4 .27 0 .00 0 .00 4 . 11Fi j i 1 .07 0 .00 0 .00 1 .03Unknown Subtotal 4 .27 0 .00 2 .12 6 .17Total 1,495 100.00 348 100.00 1,839 100.00 3,482 100.00• Definitions are as in the attached text.• Percentages may not add due to rounding., Includes 158 CDAs Who were certified on the basis of past experience and the ability to pass the B.C. Certification Exam.p,.eps,.ed by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British ColumbiaDENTAL HYGIENISTS1718DENTAL HYGIENISTSSource of Data:College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia! and British Columbia Dental Hygienists'Association.2Definition:Licensed Dental Hygienists (Level ill Dental Auxiliaries) included in this report haveregistered with the College of Dental Surgeons of B.C. and have paid their annual dues.(See ROLLCALL89 for a detailed definition of this group.) On the date of record, theyhad British Columbia addresses and were legally licensed to practise dental hygiene underthe direction of a duly licensed member of the College. They may or may not have beenemployed as dental hygienists.Date of Record:September 1989.Discussion:All licensed dental hygienists (825) were trained either in Canada (86.7%) or the UnitedStates (12.1%) with the exception of ten. Of the 715 trained in Canada, slightly less thanhalf (49.2%) were trained in British Columbia. This latter percentage has continued todecline slightly since 1983 (55.6% in 1983; 53% in 1985; 52% in 1987; 49.2% in 1989).Among those residing in the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District, the B.C.­trained percentage (48.1%) is substantially higher than the percentages for those trainedelsewhere. Graduates of Alberta programs are more likely to reside in Other B.C. (23.8%)than in either the Greater Vancouver (14.3%), or the Capital Regional Hospital District(14.3%). Conversely, graduates of Ontario programs are more likely to reside in theCapital Regional Hospital District (17.9%) than elsewhere (9.9% and 9.1% for the GreaterVancouver Regional Hospital District and Other B.C., respectively). Overall, Ontario andAlberta together make up a large proportion (32.0%) of the Canadian-trained hygienists inthe province (N = 715). See Table 5.lIn order to practise as a dental hygienist in B.C., it is necessary to be registered by theCollege of Dental Surgeons of B.C. and to hold a valid licence or permit under the Dentists Act2Membership in the B.C. Dental Hygienists' Association is voluntary.Figure 5Percentage Distribution of Dental Hygienistsin British Columbia by Place of GraduationSeptember 1989(N=825)Unknown IOceaniaAfrica IAsiaEurope ISouth AmericaNorth 8t Central Amerrca •Atlantic Region ~Quebec ~Ontario.Manitoba IIISaskatchewan ~Alberta_19British ColumbiaYukon 8t N.W. TerritoriesIoPrep.r.d by:He.lth M.npower R•••• rch UnitTh. Univeraity of Brltlah ColumbiaI I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 5 Number and Percentage Distribution of Dental Hygienists'in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Reg ional Hospital DistrictSeptember 1989NoRegional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadian Subtotal 419 88.03 77 91.87 219 82 .84 715 88.87Nova Scotia 15 3 .1 5 3 3 .57 11 4.15 29 3.52Quebec 12 2 .52 4 4.76 4 1.51 20 2 .42Ontario 47 9 .87 15 17.86 24 9.06 86 10 .42Manitoba 33 6.93 6 7.14 13 4 .91 52 6 .30Saskatchewan 15 3 .15 11 13 .10 7 2.64 33 4.00Alber ta 68 14.29 12 14.29 63 23.77 143 17 .33British Columbia 229 48.11 26 30 .95 97 36.60 352 42.67Non-Canadian Subtotal 57 11.97 7 8.33 44 18.80 108 13.09N. & Central America Subtotal 52 10 .92 7 8.33 42 15 .85 101 12 .24Mexico 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 38 1 . 12United States 52 10.92 7 8.33 41 15.47 100 12 .12Europe Sub total 4 . 84 0 . 00 2 . 75 6 . 7 3Switzerland 1 .21 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 12United Kingdom 3 .63 0 .00 2 . 75 5 .61Africa SUbtotal 1 . 2 1 0 .00 0 .00 1 .12South Africa 1 .21 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 12Unknown Subtotal 0 .00 0 . 00 2 . 75 2 . 24Total 478 100.00 84 100.00 285 100.00 825 100.00I Definitions are as in the attached text ., Percentages may not add due to rounding .Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Columb iaDENTISTS2122DENTISTSSource or Data:College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia1Definition:Licensed Dentists included in this report have registered with the College of DentalSurgeons of B.C. and have paid their annual dues. (See ROLLCALL89 for a detaileddefinition of this group.) On the date of record, they had British Columbia addresses andwere legally licensed to practise dentistry. They mayor may not have been employed inthe field of dentistry.Date or Record:September 1989.Discussion:Canadian graduates account for 82.3 percent of the 1,905 licensed dentists in the province(fable 6). B.C. graduates represent 33.4 percent of the total, with Alberta graduatesaccounting for an additional 18.6 percent. The proportion of dentists who are B.C.graduates has been on the rise since 1983 (24.9% in 1983; 29.3% in 1985; 30.9% in 1987;33.4% in 1989). The largest proportion of dentists residing in the Greater VancouverRegional Hospital District are graduates of the B.C. program (37.6%). In the CapitalRegional Hospital District, however, the greatest proportion are graduates of the Albertaprogram (29.5%).Of the 338 non-Canadian graduates, 55.3 percent are from the United States, and 26.6percent are from the United Kingdom. The percentage of graduates from the UnitedStates has declined appreciably from 66.5 percent in 1985, while the percentage from theUnited Kingdom has somewhat increased from 20.5 percent in 1985.lIn order to practise as a dentist in B.C., it is necessary to be registered by the College ofDental Surgeons of B.C. and to hold an unexpired annual certificate (licence) under the DentistsActFigure 6Percentage Distribution of Licensed Dentistsin British Columbia by Place of GraduationSeptember 1989(N=1,905)UnknownOceania IAfrica IAsia IEurope.South Amanc eNorth & Central America.Atlantic Region ~QUebec.ontario.Manitoba.Saskatchewan ~Alberta!lBl23British ColumbiaYukon & N.W . TerritoriesIoPrepared by :Heelth Msnpower Research UnitThe University of British Columb lsI I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table B Number and Percentage Distribution of Licensed Dentists'in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictNSepteneer 1989 ~Regional Hospital Di s trictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent" Number Percent· Number Percent" Number Percent'Canadian Subtotal 948 84.72 181 83.42 458 77.23 1,587 82.28Nova Scot ia 36 3 . 22 4 2.07 8 1.35 48 2 .52Quebec 104 9 .29 16 8 .29 45 7 .59 165 8.66Ontario 114 10.19 33 i7 .10 46 7 .76 193 10 . iaManitoba 99 8.85 17 8 .81 30 5 .06 146 7 .66Saskatchewan 11 . 98 2 1.04 11 1.85 24 1.26Alberta 163 14.57 57 29 .53 135 22.77 355 18 .64British Columbia 421 37.62 32 16 .58 183 30.86 636 33 .39Non-Canadian Subtotal 171 15.28 32 18.58 135 22.77 338 17.74N. & Central America Subtotal 85 7.60 17 8.81 86 14 .50 188 9 .87Mexico 1 . 09 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 5United States 84 7.51 17 8.81 86 14 .50 187 9 .82Europe Subtotal 62 5 .54 14 7 .25 44 7 .42 120 6.30BelgiUm 1 .09 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 5Czechoslovakia 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 17 1 . 0 5Denmark 1 .09 0 . 0 0 0 .00 1 .05Germany 1 . 09 0 . 00 0 .00 1 .05Hungary 1 .09 0 . 00 0 .00 1 .05Iceland 0 .00 0 .00 1 .17 1 .05Irish Republic (Eire) 7 .63 0 .00 2 .34 9 .47Netherlands 0 .00 0 .00 3 .51 3 .16Poland 4 .36 0 . 00 1 .17 5 .26Romania 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 .51 3 .16Sweden 1 . 0 9 0 . 00 2 .34 3 .16United Kingdom 45 4.02 14 7 .25 3i 5.23 90 4.72YugoslaVia 1 . 09 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 5Asia SUbtotal 10 . 8 9 0 . 00 2 .34 12 .63China 1 . 0 9 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 5Ta iwan (Formosa) 2 .18 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 .10India 3 . 27 0 . 00 2 .34 5 . 26Iraq 2 . 18 0 . 00 0 .00 2 .10Japan 1 . 09 0 . 00 0 .00 1 .05Singapore 1 . 0 9 0 .00 0 .00 1 .05. . ... contfnuedTable B(Contfnued)Place of GraduationNumber and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Ltcensed Denttsts·tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of GradUatton by Regtonal Hospttal DfstrfctSeptember 1989Regional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C.Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'TotalNumber Percent'Africa SubtotalSouth AfricaOceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandTotal• Definitions are as in the attached text., Percentages may not add due to rounding.p,.epa,.ed by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Columbia.09 0 .00 0 .00.09 0 .00 0 .0013 1.16 1 .52 3 .518 .71 0 .00 3 .515 .45 1 .52 0 .001,119 100.00 193 100.00 593 100.00171161,905.05.05.89.58.31100.00NU126NURSES - LICENSED PRACTICAL2728NURSES - LICENSED PRACTICALSource of Data:British Columbia Council of Licensed Practical Nurses.1Definition:Licensed Practical Nurses included in this report were registered with the B.C. Council ofLicensed Practical Nurses. (See ROLLCALL89 for a detailed definition of this group.)On the date of record they had British Columbia addresses and held valid licences. Theymayor may not have been employed as licensed practical nurses.Date of Record:September 1989.Discussion:Table 7 shows that Canadian-trained graduates account for 91.3 percent of the totallicensed practical nurse population residing in B.C., as reported in the Council'sregistration database of licensed members (6,080). B.C. graduates account for 68.0 percentof the total.Among the 354 graduates of non-Canadian Schools, United Kingdom-trained graduatescomprise 41.8 percent of non-Canadian graduates and Asian-trained personnel comprise22.9 percent of this group; overall, non-Canadian graduates are 5.8 percent of the total.Canadian-trained personnel are more likely to reside in the Capital Regional HospitalDistrict or Other B.C. than in the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District Thelatter region is favoured by personnel with non-Canadian training.There are 174 (2.9% of the total) licensed practical nurses for whom place of graduation isunknown. This includes nurses who received on-the-job training and for whom place ofgraduation, as such, is not applicable.In comparing 1987 figures with those of 1989, it can be seen that the proportion ofCanadian graduates has decreased slightly (92.1% in 1987; 91.3% in 1989), while that ofnon-Canadian graduates has risen (5.3% in 1987; 5.8% in 1989). The number of nurseslicensed by the Council of L.P.N.s increased from a total of 5,934 in 1987 to a total of6,080 in 1989. This follows a six-year decline in numbers of licensed personnel from apeak of 7,02A in 1982 to a total of 5,701 in 1988.lIn order to assume the designation Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) in B.C., it is necessaryto be registered by the B.C. Council of Licensed Practical Nurses and to hold a valid licenceunder the Nurses (Licensed Practical) Act and the Nursing Statutes Amendment AcLFigure 7Percentage Distribution of Licensed Practical Nursesin British Columbia by Place of GraduationSeptember 1989(N=6,080)Unknown ~Oceania IAfrica IAsia ~Europe ~ISouth America INorth & Central America IAtlantic Region ~Ouebec IOntario IIManitoba ISaskatchewan ~Alberta.29British ColumbiaYukon & N.W. Territories IIoPrepered by :Heelth Menpower Reseerch UnitThe University of British ColumbisI I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 7 Number and Percentage Distribution of Licensed Practical Nurses'In British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital District~Septenber 19S9 0Reg ional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B .C . TotalNumber Percent" Number Percent" Number ....f.ercent" Number Percent"Canadian Subtotal 1,899 85.81 842 93.72 3,011 94 .83 5 ,552 91 .32Canada (Province unstated) 2 .09 3 . 44 7 . 22 12 . 20Newfoundland 6 .27 2 . 29 9 . 28 17 . 28Prince Edward Island 3 .14 3 . 44 3 . 09 9 . 15Nova Scotia 26 1.17 10 1.46 30 . 94 66 1.09Ne w Brunswick 10 . 4 5 2 . 29 13 . 4 1 25 . 41Quebec 30 1.36 7 1 . 0 2 8 . 25 45 . 74Ontario 148 6 .69 49 7 .15 144 4 .53 341 5.61Manitoba 112 5 .06 18 2 .63 127 3 .99 257 4.23Saskatchewan 46 2.08 14 2 .04 110 3 .46 170 2 .80Alberta 118 5.33 50 7 .30 281 8 .83 449 7.38Br itish Columbia 1,391 62 .86 480 70.07 2 .263 71 .12 4.134 67 .99YUkon 7 . 32 4 . 58 14 . 44 25 . 4 1Northwest Te r r i t o r i e s 0 .00 0 . 00 2 . 06 2 . 0 3Non-Canadian Subtotal 245 11.07 27 3 .94 82 2 .58 354 5.82N. & Central America Subtotal 23 1.04 5 . 73 18 . 57 46 . 76United States 22 . 99 5 . 73 17 . 53 44 . 7 2Barbados 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 3 1 . 0 2West Indies 1 .05 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .02South America Subtotal 2 .09 0 . 00 1 . 0 3 3 .05Chile 1 . 0 5 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .02Guyana 1 . 0 5 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Paraguay 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 1 . 0 3 1 . 0 2Europe Subtotal 126 5.69 15 2 .19 48 1 .51 189 3 .1 1Austria 1 . 0 5 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .02Czechoslovakia 7 . 32 0 . 0 0 1 . 0 3 8 .13Denmark 1 . 0 5 1 . 15 2 . 0 6 4 .07Finland 1 . 0 5 0 . 00 3 . 0 9 4 .07France 1 .05 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Germany 6 .27 0 . 00 5 .16 11 . 18Greece 1 . 0 5 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 2Hungary 1 .05 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .02Irish RepUblic (Eire) 1 . 0 5 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .02Netherlands 1 . 0 5 1 .15 2 . 06 4 . 0 7Poland 1 . 0 5 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .02SWitzerland 1 . 0 5 1 . 15 0 . 00 2 . 0 3United Kingdom 101 4 .56 12 1. 75 35 1 .10 148 2 .43YugoslaVia 2 . 09 0 . 00 0 .00 2 . 0 3. . . . . cont fnuedTable 7 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Ltcensed Practtcal Nurses'(Continued)tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrtctSeptember 1989Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent·Asia Subtotal 67 3.03 6 .88 8 .25 81 1.33Taiwan (Formosa) 1 .05 0 .00 0 .00 1 .02Hong Kong 27 1.22 1 .15 0 .00 28 .46India 0 .00 1 .15 0 .00 1 .02Israel 1 .05 0 .00 0 .00 1 .02.Japan 1 .05 0 .00 0 .00 1 .02Malaysia 4 .18 0 .00 0 .00 4 .07Philippines 32 1.45 4 .58 8 .25 44 .72Singapore 1 .05 0 .00 0 .00 1 .02Africa SUbtotal 1 .05 0 .00 0 .00 1 .02South Africa 1 .05 0 .00 0 .00 1 .02Oceania Subtotal 26 1.17 1 .15 7 .22 34 .56Australia 8 .36 1 .15 1 .03 10 .16New Zealand 7 .32 0 .00 6 .19 13 .21Fij i 10 .45 0 .00 0 .00 10 .16Mauritius 1 .05 0 .00 0 .00 1 .02Unknown Subtotal 69 3.12 16 2.34 89 2.80 174 2.86Total 2,213 100.00 885 100.00 3,182 100.00 8,080 100.001 Definitions are as in the attached text.• Percentages may not add due to rounding.p,.epa,.ed by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British ColumbiaC.I'l~32NURSES - REGISTERED3334NURSES - REGISTEREDSource of Data:Registered Nurses Association of British Columbia (RNABC).lDefinition:A Registered Nurse may hold a practising or non-practising membership in the RNABC.A practising Registered Nurse may or may not be employed in nursing. A non-practisingRegistered Nurse who commences employment in nursing in British Columbia must convertto practising membership. The tables, derived from the register of the RNABC, includeonly Registered Nurses (RNs) who were B.C. residents at the date of record (SeeROLLCALL89 for a detailed definition of this group.)It is also possible to be a member of the RNABC and to practise as a Licensed GraduateNurse (LON). No data are presented here which include any Licensed Graduate Nurses.Date of Record:lune 1989.Discussion:Data are presented for the entire membership in Figure 8 and Table 8. Figure 9 andTable 9 depict only those practising members who are employed in nursing; data for non­practising members are in Figure 10 and Table 10.In Figure 8 and Table 8, Canadian graduates account for 84.4 percent of the total numberof registered nurses (27,447); B.C. graduates represent 49.4 percent of this total, a slightincrease from the 1987 figure (48.9%); 10.6% are Ontario graduates. Non-Canadiangraduates make up IS.s percent of the total number. Of these 4,2S8 non-Canadiangraduates, 43.6 percent are from the United Kingdom and 28.4 percent are from Asia, themajority having graduated from the Philippines (20.1%).Table 9 shows that British Columbia graduates represent S1.4 percent of practising nursesemployed in nursing in the Capital Regional Hospital District; 49.0 percent in the GreaterVancouver Regional Hospital District and SO.O percent in the Other B.C. HospitalDistricts. This table also indicates that among those practising and employed in nursing,there is a much higher proportion of graduates from non-Canadian programs in theGreater Vancouver Regional Hospital District (19.9%) than in either the Capital RegionalHospital District (11.3%) or Other B.C. Hospital Districts (10.9%).lIn order to practise as a Registered Nurse or as a Licensed Graduate Nurse in B.C., it isnecessary to be a member of the RNABC under the Nurses (Registered) Act and the NursingStatutes Amendment Act Members of the RNABC have exclusive use of the titles: RegisteredNurse (RN), or Licensed Graduate Nurse (LGN).B.C. graduates (Table 10) represent an almost equal proportion (49.5%) of the total non­practising membership, compared to their practising (Table 9) counterparts employed innursing (49.7%). In addition, the proportions of Canadian graduates for non-practisingregistered nurses and for the entire membership in Table 8 are almost the same (84.8%and 84.4%, respectively).3536Rgure 8Percentage Distribution of Registered Nursesin British Columbia by Place of GraduationJune 1989(N=27,447)Unknown IOceania ~Africa IAsia IEurope.South America INorth & Central America ~Atlantic Region ~Ouebec ~Ontario.Manitoba ISaskatchewan IIAlberta.British ColumbiaYukon & N.W. TerritoriesIoPrepared byHeellh Menpower Reaeuch UnitThe Unlveralty of Brltlah ColumbiaI I I I20 40 60 BOPercentage DistributionI100Table 8 Number and Percentage Distribution of Registered Nurses'tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital District\June 1989Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadian Subtotal 11,385 80 .47 3,047 88 .24 8,784 88.79 23 ,178 84.44Newfoundland 122 .86 26 . 75 63 . 6 4 21 1 . 77Prince Edward Island 23 . 16 8 . 23 28 . 28 59 .21Nova Scotia 235 1.66 62 1. 80 148 1.50 445 1.62New Brunswick 123 . 8 7 26 . 75 93 .94 242 . 88Quebec 414 2 .93 67 1.94 190 1.93 671 2 .44Ontar io 1,451 10.27 415 12.02 1,051 10 .65 2,917 10 .63Manitoba 623 4 .41 171 4.95 490 4 .96 1,284 4 .68Saskatchewan 532 3 .77 175 5 .07 701 7.10 1,408 5.13Alberta 931 6.59 344 9 .96 1,096 11.10 2,371 8.64British Columbia 6,911 48.93 1,753 50.77 4,904 49.69 13 ,568 49.43Non-Canadian SUbtotal 2,752 19.48 404 11 .70 1,102 11.17 4,258 15.51N. & Central Amer ica Subtotal 231 1. 6 4 51 1.48 179 1. 81 461 1.68Bermuda 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 1 1 . 00Mexi co 1 . 0 1 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 00United States 222 1.57 49 1.42 169 1. 71 440 1.60Barbados 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 1 1 . 00Belize (Honduras, British) 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 1 1 . 00~amaica 6 . 0 4 2 .06 4 .04 12 . 0 4St. Lucia 0 .00 0 .00 1 .01 1 . 00St . Vincent 1 .01 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 00Trinidad and Tobago 1 . 0 1 0 .00 2 . 0 2 3 . 0 1South America Subtotal 11 . 0 8 2 . 0 6 3 . 0 3 16 .06Argentina 4 . 0 3 0 .00 1 . 0 1 5 . 0 2Chile 5 .04 0 . 00 0 . 00 5 . 0 2Guyana 1 . 01 1 . 0 3 1 . 0 1 3 . 0 1Peru 1 . 0 1 1 . 03 0 .00 2 . 0 1Uruguay 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .01 1 .00Europe Subtotal 1,223 8.66 269 7.79 657 6.66 2,149 7.83Austria 7 .05 2 . 06 3 .03 12 . 0 4Belg ium 4 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 .00 4 .01Czechoslovakia 6 . 0 4 0 .00 2 .02 8 . 0 3Denmark 16 . 11 1 .03 10 .10 27 .10Finland 6 .04 1 . 0 3 1 . 0 1 8 . 0 3France 3 .02 0 . 00 1 .01 4 . 0 1Germany 30 . 21 2 . 0 6 24 .24 56 . 20Greece 2 . 0 1 0 .00 0 . 00 2 .01 Vol-....lHungary 0 . 00 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 1 . 00.... . contfnuedTable 8 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Regtstered Nurses'(Continued)tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrtcttA&June 1989 ceRegional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent·Irish Republic (Eire) 27 . 19 0 . 00 11 . 11 38 .14Netherlands 37 . 26 10 . 29 32 . 32 79 . 29Norway 4 . 0 3 0 . 00 4 . 0 4 8 .03Poland 5 .04 1 . 0 3 0 .00 6 . 02Portugal 4 .03 0 . 00 2 .02 6 .02Spain 1 .01 0 .00 1 . 0 1 2 .01Sweden 13 . 0 9 1 . 0 3 6 . 0 6 20 . 0 7SWitzerland 5 . 0 4 0 . 00 3 . 03 8 . 03United Kingdom 1,051 7.44 250 7 .24 556 5 .63 1 ,857 6 .77Yugoslavia 2 .01 0 . 00 1 .01 3 . 0 1Asia Subtotal 1,042 7.38 49 1. 4 2 119 1. 21 1,210 4.41Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 1 .01 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 2 . 0 1China 0 . 00 1 . 0 3 0 .00 1 .00Ta iwan (Formosa) 13 .09 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 14 . 0 5Hong Kong 196 1.39 3 .09 8 . 0 8 207 . 75India 27 . 19 5 .14 12 . 12 44 . 16Indonesia 2 .01 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 .01Iran 2 .01 1 . 0 3 1 .01 4 . 0 1Iraq 1 . 0 1 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 00Israel 1 . 0 1 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 00uapan 4 . 03 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 5 . 0 2Lebanon 2 .0 1 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 0 1Macao 1 .01 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .00Malaysia 13 . 09 0 . 00 3 . 0 3 16 .06Pakistan 3 .02 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 4 . 0 1Philippines 731 5 .18 35 1.01 91 . 9 2 857 3 .12Singapore 21 .15 1 . 0 3 1 .01 23 . 0 8Korea, South 22 .16 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 23 . 0 8Thailand 1 .01 1 .03 0 . 00 2 .01Turkey 1 .01 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 00Africa Subtotal 49 .35 5 . 14 18 . 18 72 .26Ethiop1a 1 . 0 1 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 00Ghana 0 .00 0 .00 2 . 0 2 2 . 0 1Kenya 11 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 . 00 11 . 04Nigeria 2 .01 0 . 00 1 . Oi 3 .01Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) 2 .01 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 0 1South Africa 30 .21 5 . 14 13 . 13 48 . 17Uganda 1 .01 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 00Arab Rep. of Egypt(U .A .R.) 2 . 0 1 0 . 00 2 .02 4 . 0 1... . . continuedTable 8(Contfnued)Place of GraduationNumber and Percentage Dlstrtbutlon of Registered Nurses'In Brtttsh Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital District\JUne 1989Regional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C.Number Percent" Number Percent" Number Percent"TotalNumber Percent"Oceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandUnknown SubtotalTotal• Def1nitions are as 1n the attached text ." Percentages may not add due to rounding.p,.epa,.ed by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe Un1versity of British Columbia196 1. 39 28 .81 126 1.28 350 1.28115 .81 17 . 49 74 .75 206 .7581 .57 11 .32 52 .53 144 .527 .05 2 .06 4 . 0 4 13 .0514,124 100.00 3,453 100.00 9,870 100.00 27,447 100.00t.olco40Figure 9Percentage Distribution of Practising Registered NursesEmployed in Nursing in British Columbia by Place of GraduationJune 1989(N-23,760)Unknown IOceania ~Africa IASlalEurope.South Amar ic aNorth 81 Central America ~Atlantic Region ~Ouebec ~Ontario.Manitoba ISaskatchewan IIIAlberta.British ColumbiaYukon 81 N.W. TerritoriesIoPr.per.d by :H•• lth M.npower R•••• rch UnitTh. University of Brlti.h Columbi.I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 9 Nuna.r and Percentage Distribution of Practising Registered Nurses En.,loyed In Nursing'In British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital District,",une 1989Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent l Number Percent l Number Percent l Number Percent lCanadian Subtotal 9 ,852 80.01 2,574 88.84 7 ,810 89.08 20 ,038 84.33Newfoundland 107 . 8 7 25 .86 61 . 7 1 193 . 81Prince Edwa rd Island 21 . 17 8 . 28 23 . 27 52 . 22Nova Scotia 204 1.66 50 1.72 i28 1.50 382 1.61New Brunswick 105 .85 25 . 8 6 81 .95 211 . 8 9Quebec 350 2.84 54 1.86 152 1. 78 556 2 .34Ontario 1,220 9.91 346 11.91 891 10.43 2 ,457 10 .34Manitoba 541 4 .39 144 4 .96 420 4.92 1,105 4 .65Saskatchewan 460 3.74 142 4.89 623 7.29 1,225 5.16Alberta 810 6.58 287 9.88 962 11.26 2 ,059 8.67British Columbia 6,034 49.01 1,493 51 .41 4,269 49.97 11,796 49 .65Non-Canadian Subtotal 2,455 19.94 328 11 .29 929 10.87 3,712 15.82N. & Cent ral America Subtotal 193 1. 57 35 1. 21 138 1.62 366 1. 5 4Bermuda 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 1 . 00Mexi co 1 .01 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00United States 186 1. 51 33 1.14 129 1. 51 348 1.46Barbados 0 .00 0 .00 1 .01 1 .00Belize (Honduras, British) 0 .00 0 .00 1 .01 1 . 00I.Iamaica 4 .03 2 .07 4 . 0 5 10 . 0 4St. Lucia 0 .00 0 .00 1 .01 1 .00St . Vincent 1 .01 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00Trinidad and Tobago 1 .01 0 . 00 1 .01 2 .01South Amer1ca Subtotal 8 .06 2 . 0 7 2 . 0 2 12 .05Argentina 4 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 . 00 4 . 0 2Chile 3 . 0 2 0 . 00 0 .00 3 .01Guyana 1 . 0 1 1 . 03 1 .01 3 . 0 1Peru 0 . 00 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 1 . 00Uruguay 0 .00 0 .00 1 .01 1 . 00Europe SUbtotal 1,066 8.66 223 7 .68 552 6 .46 1 ,841 7 .75Austr ia 5 .04 1 . 0 3 3 .04 9 . 0 4Belgium 4 .03 0 .00 0 .00 4 . 0 2Czechoslovakia 6 .05 0 . 00 1 .01 7 . 0 3Denmark 15 .12 1 . 0 3 9 . 11 25 . 11Finland 5 .04 1 . 0 3 1 . 0 1 7 .03France 3 .02 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 4 . 0 2Germany 25 .20 1 . 0 3 21 .25 47 . 20 ~Greece 2 . 0 2 0 . 00 0 .00 2 .01 .......Hungary 0 . 00 1 . 0 3 0 .00 1 . 00. ... . continuedTabl. 9(Continued)Nl.I1dHIr and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Practtstng Regtstered Nurses Ell1'loyed tn Nurstng'tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal Dtstrtct~,",une 1989 NRegional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent" Number Percent ·Irish Republic (Eire) 22 . 18 0 .00 10 .12 32 .13Netherlands 33 . 27 7 . 24 27 .32 67 . 28Norway 3 . 0 2 0 . 00 4 .05 7 .03Poland 4 . 0 3 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 5 . 0 2Portugal 4 .03 0 . 00 2 . 0 2 6 . 0 3Spain 1 . 0 1 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 2 . 0 1Sweden 10 .08 1 . 0 3 6 . 0 7 17 .07Switzer1and 5 .04 0 . 00 2 . 0 2 7 . 0 3United Kingdom 918 7.46 209 7.20 463 5 .42 1 ,590 6.69Yugoslavia 1 .01 0 .00 1 . 0 1 2 . 0 1Asia SUbtotal 977 7.93 42 1.45 110 1.29 1,129 4 .75Sri lanka (Ceylon) 1 .01 0 .00 1 .01 2 . 0 1China 0 .00 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 1 . 00Taiwan (Formosa) 11 .09 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 12 . 0 5Hong Kong 173 1.41 2 . 0 7 5 .06 180 . 76India 24 .19 3 . 10 11 .13 38 . 16Indonesia 2 .02 0 .00 0 . 00 2 .01Iran 2 . 0 2 1 . 0 3 1 . 0 1 4 .02"'apan 3 . 0 2 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 4 .02lebanon 2 . 0 2 0 .00 0 .00 2 .01Macao 1 . 0 1 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .00Malaysia 12 .10 0 .00 2 . 0 2 14 . 0 6Pakis tan 2 .02 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 3 . 0 1Phi lippines 706 5.73 32 1.10 87 1.02 825 3 .47Singapore 19 .15 0 . 00 1 .01 20 . 0 8Korea . South 18 .15 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 19 . 0 8Thailand 1 .01 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 2 .01Africa Subtotal 38 . 3 1 4 .14 16 .19 58 . 24Ethiopia 1 .01 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 00Ghana 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 0 2 2 .01Kenya 9 . 0 7 0 . 00 0 . 00 9 .04Nigeria 1 .01 0 .00 1 . 0 1 2 . 0 1Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) 2 . 0 2 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 0 1South Africa 23 .19 4 . 14 12 .14 39 . 16Uganda 1 .01 0 .00 0 .00 1 .00Arab Rep . of Egypt(U .A .R .) 1 . 0 1 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 2 . 0 1. . . . . cont lnuedTable 9(Continued)Number and Percentage Distribution of Practising Registered Nurses Employed In Nursing'In British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital District~une 1989Place of GraduationOceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandUnknown SubtotalTotal• Def initions are as in the attached text ., Percentages may not add due to rounding.Pf'epaf'ed by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British ColumbiaRegional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'173 1. 41 22 .76 111 1.30 306 1.29102 . 83 14 .48 64 . 75 180 . 7671 .58 8 . 28 47 . 5 5 126 .536 .05 2 .07 4 . 0 5 12 . 0 512,313 100.00 2,904 100.00 8,543 100.00 23,780 100.00.;:.tI'l44-------Rgure 10Percentage Distribution of Non-Practising Registered Nursesin British Columbia by Place of GraduationJune 1989(N=2,642)Unknown IOceania ~Africa IAsia ~Europe.South America INorth 8t Central America ~Atlantic Region ~Ouebec ~Ontario.Manitoba IISaskatchewan IIAlbertalJBritish ColumbiaYukon 8t N.W. TerritoriesIoPrepered by :Heelth Menpowsr Rssserch UnitThe Unlversitv of British ColumbieI20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 10 Number and Percentage Distribution of Non-Practising Registered Nurses'in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital District\June 1989Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent I Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent"Canadian SUbtotal 1,089 84.09 319 84.39 832 85 .88 2,240 84.78Newfoundland 8 .62 0 . 00 1 .10 9 . 34Prince Edward Island 1 . 08 0 . 00 4 .41 5 .19Nova Scotia 17 1.31 6 1.59 15 1.55 38 1.44New Brunswick 10 . 7 7 0 .00 7 .72 17 .64Quebec 50 3.86 9 2.38 24 2 .48 83 3 .14Ontario 159 12.28 45 11 .90 112 11.56 316 11.96Manitoba 53 4 .09 18 4.76 58 5 .99 129 4 .88Saskatchewan 56 4.32 21 5 .56 48 4.95 125 4.73Alberta 83 6.41 28 7.41 99 10.22 210 7 .95British Columbia 652 50 .35 192 50 .79 464 47 .88 1 , 30 8 49 .51Non-Canadian SUbtotal 205 15.83 59 15 .81 137 14 .14 401 15.18N. & Central America Subtotal 22 1. 70 10 2 .65 33 3.41 65 2 .46Un ited States 22 1. 70 10 2 .65 32 3 .30 64 2 .42Trinidad and Tobago 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 10 1 . 0 4South America Subtotal 2 .15 0 . 00 1 .10 3 · 11Argentina 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 10 1 . 0 4Chile 2 . 15 0 . 00 0 .00 2 . 0 8Europe SUbtotal 116 8 .96 40 10 .58 88 9.08 244 9 .24Austria 2 . 15 1 . 26 0 . 00 3 · 11Denmark 1 .08 0 .00 1 .10 2 .08Finland 1 .08 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .04Germany 4 .31 1 . 26 3 . 3 1 8 . 30Irish RepUblic (Eire) 3 . 23 0 . 00 1 . 10 4 . 15Netherlands 4 .31 2 . 53 3 . 3 1 9 . 34Norway 1 .08 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 4Sweden 3 . 23 0 . 00 0 .00 3 · 11SWitzerland 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .10 1 . 0 4United Kingdom 96 7.41 36 9.52 79 8 .15 211 7 .99Yugoslav ia ' 1 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 4. .. . . contfnued~V1Table 10(Contfnued)Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Non-Practtstng Regtstered Nurses'tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of GradUatton by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrtctJune 1989~0\Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Per cent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Asia Subtotal 44 3 .40 4 1.06 5 . 52 53 2 .01Hong Kong 18 1.39 1 .26 3 .31 22 . 83India 2 .15 0 .00 1 .10 3 . 11Israel 1 . 08 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 4uapan 1 .08 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .04Malaysia 1 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 4Pak istan 1 . 08 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 04Ph ilippines 15 1. 16 3 . 79 1 . 10 19 . 72Singapore 1 .08 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 04Korea, South 3 .23 0 .00 0 . 00 3 . 11Turkey 1 . 08 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 4Africa Subtotal 6 . 46 1 . 26 1 . 10 8 . 30Kenya 1 .08 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 4South Africa 4 .31 1 . 26 0 . 00 5 . 19Arab Rep. of Egypt(U.A .R .) 1 .08 0 . 00 1 . 10 2 .08Oceania Subtotal 15 1. 16 4 1.06 9 . 9 3 28 1.06Australia 9 . 69 2 . 53 6 . 6 2 17 . 64New Zealand 6 . 46 2 . 53 3 .31 11 . 42Unknown Subtotal 1 .08 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 4Total 1,295 100.00 378 100.00 989 100.00 2 ,842 100.00I Definitions are as in the at tached text ., Percentages may not add due to rounding .Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Co lumbiaNURSES - REGISTERED PSYCHIATRIC4748NURSES - REGISTERED PSYClllATRICSource or Data:Registered Psychiatric Nurses Association of British Columbia (RPNABC).lDefinition:A Registered Psychiatric Nurse may hold either a practising or non-practising membershipin the RPNABC. A practising Registered Psychiatric Nurse must be employed in nursing.A non-practising Registered Psychiatric Nurse may not actively engage in the practice ofpsychiatric nursing. The tables, derived from the register of the RPNABC, includeregistered psychiatric nurses who reported a B.C. address at the date of record. (SeeROLLCALL89 for a detailed definition of this group.)It is also possible to be a member of the RPNABC and to practise as a Licensed GraduatePsychiatric Nurse (LGPN). No data are presented here which include any LicensedGraduate Psychiatric Nurses.Date or Record:October 1989.Discussion:Data are presented for the entire membership in Figure 11 and Table 11. Figure 12 andTable 12 consist only of practising members; data on all non-practising members are inFigure 13 and Table 13.In Table 11, Canadian graduates account for 81.9 percent of the total number of registeredpsychiatric nurses (2,515), down slightly from 1987 (82.5% of 2,452). B.C. graduatesrepresent 66.2 percent of this total (68.3% in 1987). As in 1987, the vast majority of non­Canadian graduates are from the United Kingdom (93.1% in 1989; 93.7% in 1987). Fromthis latter group, most (66.6% in 1989; 65.3% in 1987) reside in the Greater VancouverRegional Hospital District.Table 12 shows that British Columbia graduates represent 67.9 percent of all practisingR.P.N.s in the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District, 58.2 percent in Other B.C.,and only 46.7 percent in the Capital Regional Hospital District. In the Capital RegionalHospital District, 16.7 percent are graduates of Manitoba programs and 15.3 percent aregraduates of Saskatchewan programs. In general, figures are similar to those of 1987. Itshould be noted that R.P.N. diploma training is available only in the Western Provinces.lIn order to practise as a Registered Psychiatric Nurse or as a Licensed Graduate PsychiatricNurse in B.C., it is necessary to be a member of the RPNABC under the Nurses (RegisteredPsychiatric) Act and the Nursing Statutes Amendment Act. Members of the RPNABC haveexclusive use of the titles: Registered Psychiatric Nurse (RPN), or Licensed Graduate PsychiatricNurse (LGPN).In Table 13, B.C. graduates represent a much larger proportion of the total non-practisingmembership (79.4%), compared to their practising counterparts in Table 12 (63.4%). Theproportion of Canadian graduates is also much larger (88.9%, compared to 80.4% ofpractising members), while the non-Canadian graduate total is much smaller (9.3%,compared to 18.2% of practising members).4950r-----------.- - - - - - - ---Rgure 11Percentage Distribution of Registered Psychiatric Nursesin British Columbia by Place of GraduationOctober 1989(N=2,515)Unknown ~Oceania 1AfricaAsia IEurope"South AmericaNorth 8t Central America IAtlantic RegionOuebecOntarioManitoba~saskatchewan.Alberta ~British ColumbiaYukon 8t N.W. TerritoriesIoPrepered by:Heelth Menpower Re.e.rch UnitThe Unlnr.ity of Brltl.h Columbi.I I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 11 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Regtstered Psychtatrtc Nurses'tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrtctOctober 1989Regfonal Hospftal DfstrfctPlace of Graduatfon Greater Vancouver Capftal Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadtan Subtotal 1,2BO 81.08 144 84.71 65B 82.93 2,060 81.91Manftoba 67 4.3f 25 14 .71 55 6.95 147 5.84Saskatchewan 67 4.31 25 f4.71 70 8.85 162 6.44Alberta 42 2.70 fO 5 .88 34 4 .30 86 3.42Brftfsh Columbfa 1,084 69.76 84 49.41 497 62 .83 f ,665 66.20Non-Canadtan Subtotal 274 17.B3 21 12.35 123 15.55 418 16.62N. & Central Amerfca Subtotal 0 .00 1 .59 0 .00 1 .04Unfted States 0 .00 f . 59 0 . 00 1 .04Europe Subtotal 262 16.86 20 11 .76 116 14.66 398 15 .83Irfsh Republfc (Efre) 1 . 0 6 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .04Netherlands 2 .f3 1 . 59 3 . 38 6 .24Sweden 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 13 f .04SWftzerland 0 .00 f .59 0 . 00 1 .04Un1ted Kingdom 259 16.67 f8 fO .59 112 14 .16 389 f5.47Asfa Subtotal 10 . 6 4 0 .00 5 . 63 15 .60Hong Kong 9 .58 0 . 00 2 . 25 f 1 .44Sfngapore f .06 0 . 00 3 . 38 4 .16Oceanfa Subtotal 2 .f3 0 .00 2 .25 4 .f6Austral fa 2 .f3 0 .00 2 .25 4 . f6Unknown Subtotal 20 1 .29 5 2 .94 12 1.52 37 1.47Total 1,554 100 .00 170 100.00 791 100.00 2,515 100.00, Deffnftions are as fn the attached text ., Percentages may not add due to roundfng .Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnftU1The Universfty of Brftfsh Columbfa ~52Figure 12Percentage Distribution of Practising RegisteredPsychiatric Nurses in British Columbia by Place of GraduationOctober 1989(N=2,074)Unknown ~Oceania IAfricaAsia IEurope_South AmericaNorth 8t Central America IAtlantic RegionQuebecOntarioManitoba.saskatchewan.Alberta ~British ColumbiaYukon 8t N.W. TerritoriesIoPrepared by:Health Manpower Re.earch UnitThe Unlveralty of Brltlah ColumbiaI I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 12 Number and Percentage Distribution of Practtsing Registered Psychtatric Nurses'tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrtctOctober 1989Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent" Number Percent" Number Percent" Number Percent "Canadtan Subtotal 1 ,041 80.08 128 85.33 499 79.97 1 ,888 80.42Manitoba 59 4.54 25 16.61 48 1 .69 132 6.36Saskatchewan 60 4.62 23 15.33 59 9 .46 142 6.85Alberta 40 3 .08 10 6 .61 29 4 .65 19 3.81Br itish Columbia 882 61 .85 10 46.61 363 58.11 1 ,315 63 .40Non-Canadtan Subtotal 243 18.89 18 12.00 118 18.59 377 18.18N. & Central America Subtotal 0 .00 1 . 6 1 0 . 00 1 .05United States 0 .00 1 . 61 0 .00 1 .05Europe Subtota l 232 11 .85 11 11 .33 109 11 .41 358 11 .26Netherlands 2 . 15 . i . 61 3 . 48 6 . 29Sweden 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 16 1 .05SWitzerland 0 .00 1 .61 0 . 00 1 . 0 5United Kingdom 230 11 .69 15 10 .00 105 16 .83 350 16.88As ia Subtotal 10 .11 0 . 00 5 . 80 15 .12Ho n g Kong 9 . 69 0 . 00 2 . 32 11 . 53Singapore 1 . 0 8 0 . 00 3 . 48 4 . 19Oceania Subtotal 1 .08 0 .00 2 . 3 2 3 .14Australia 1 . 0 8 0 . 00 2 .32 3 . 14Unknown Subtotal 16 1. 23 4 2.61 9 1. 4 4 29 1. 40Total 1,300 100.00 150 100.00 824 100.00 2,074 100.00• Definitions are as in the at tached text.I Percentages may not add due to rounding .Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British ColumbiaU1UI54Rgure 13Percentage Distribution of Non-Practising RegisteredPsychiatric Nurses in British Columbia by Place of GraduationOctober 1989(N=441)Unknown ~Oceania IAfricaAsiaEurope.South AmericaNorth 8t Central AmericaAtlantic RegionQuebacOntarioManitoba ~Saskatchewan IAlberta ~British ColumbiaYukon 8t N.W . TerritoriesIoPrepared by:Health Manpower Re ••arch UnitThe UniversitY of Briti.h ColumbiaI I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 13 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Non-Practtstng Regtstered Psychtatrtc Nurses'tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrtctOctober 1989Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent" Number Percent" Number Percent" Number Percent'Canadtan SUbtotal 219 88.22 18 80.00 157 94 .01 392 88.89Manitoba 8 3.15 0 . 00 7 4 .19 15 3.40Saskatchewan 7 2 .76 2 10.00 11 6 .59 20 4.54Alberta 2 .79 0 .00 5 2 .99 7 1.59British Columbia 202 79.53 14 70.00 134 80 .24 350 79 .37Non-Canadtan SUbtotal 31 12.20 3 15.00 7 4.19 41 9.30Europe Subtotal 30 11.81 3 15.00 7 4 .19 40 9.07Irish RepUblic (Eire) 1 . 39 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .23United Kingdom 29 11.42 3 15.00 7 4 .19 39 8 .84Oceania Subtotal 1 .39 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .23Australia 1 .39 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 23Unknown Subtotal 4 1.57 1 5 .00 3 1.80 8 1.81Total 254 100.00 20 100.00 187 100.00 441 100.00• Definitions are as in the attached text ." Percentages may not add due to rounding.Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British ColumbiatI1tI156MASSAGE PRACTITIONERS5758MASSAGE PRACTITIONERSSource ot Data:Association of Physiotherapists and Massage Practitioners of British Columbia (APMPBC).lDefinition:Massage Practitioners included in this report were full members of the APMPBC on thedate of record and had British Columbia addresses. (See ROLLCALL89 for a detaileddefinition of this group.) They mayor may not have been employed as massagepractitioners.Date ot Record:December 1989.Discussion:Table 14 shows that the overwhelming majority (83.0%) of massage practitioners areCanadian-trained. Of these, it is interesting to note that the greatest percentage of thetotal (476) are Ontario-trained (41.2%), with B.C.-trained personnel accounting for anadditional 40.8 percent.Of the 20 massage practitioners trained outside Canada, the largest proportion are U.S.­trained (35.0% of the non-Canadian total.)Place of graduation is unknown for 12.8 percent of massage practitioners. Also, becausemassage practitioners did not appear in this report in 1987, comparable data about place ofgraduation for that year are not available.1In order to practise as a massage practitioner in British Columbia, it is necessary to beregistered by the Association of Physiotherapists and Massage Practitioners of B.C. under Part 3of the Physiotherapists AcL59r------ - - -- --- ---- -------- - - --- --------------,Rgure 14Percentage Distribution of Massage Practitionersin British Columbia by Place of GraduationDecember 1989(N=476)Unknown _OceaniaAfrica IAsia IEurope ~South AmericaNorth 8t Central America ~Atlantic RegionOuebec IOntafio_Manitoba ISaskatchewanAlberta IBritish ColumbiaYukon 8t N.W. TerritoriesIoPrepared byHealth Manpower Research Un itThe University of British ColumbIaI I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 14 Number and Percentage Dfstrfbutfon of Massage Practitfoners'fn Brftfsh Columbfa by Place of Graduatfon by Regfonal Hospftal DfstrfctDecember 1989(J\oPlace of GraduationRegional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C.Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'TotalNumber Percent'Canadfan SUbtotalQuebecOntarioManitobaAlbertaBritish ColumbiaNon-Canadfan SubtotalN. & Central America SubtotalUnited StatesEurope SubtotalGermanyNetherlandsNorwayPolandSWitzerlandUnited KingdomAsia SubtotalIsraelAfrica SubtotalSouth AfricaUnknown SubtotalTotal1 Definitions are as in the attached text., Percentages may not add due to rounding.Pf'epaf'ed by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Columbia212o8511125103361o13o1oo3325583.14.0033.33.39.3949 .023.921 . i81.182.35.39.00.391.18. 00. 39.39.39.00.0012.94100.0054136oo1131ooooo1oo118879.41 129 84.311.41 0 .0052.94 15 49 .02.00 0 . 00.00 2 1. 3125.00 52 33 .994.41 7 4.581.41 3 1.961.47 3 1.961.41 4 2.61.00 1 . 65.00 1 . 65. 00 0 . 00. 00 1 . 65. 00 1 . 651.41 0 . 00. 00 0 . 00.00 0 . 001.41 0 . 001.41 0 .0016 .18 11 11 . 11100.00 153 100.003951196131942011112114126147882.98.2141.18.21. 6 340.164.201.411.412.31.42.21.21.84.21. 42.21.21. 21.2112.82100.00OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS6162OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTSSource ot Data:British Columbia Society of Occupational Therapists (BCSOl).lDefinition:Occupadonal Tberapists included in this report were registered with the B.C. Society ofOccupational Therapists on the date of record and had British Columbia addresses. (SeeROLLCALL89 for a detailed definition of this group.) They mayor may not have beenemployed as occupational therapists.Occupational therapists who graduated from a dual program in occupational therapy andphysiotherapy may also be registered with the Association of Physiotherapists and MassagePractitioners of British Columbia. Such persons are included in botb the occupationaltherapy and physiotherapy sections of this reportDate of Record:December 1989.Discussion:Table 15 shows that B.C.-trained personnel account for 31.3 percent of the total (431), andCanadian-trained personnel, as a whole, account for 66.1 percent. These percentages haveincreased since 1987, when B.C. graduates represented 29.1 percent, and Canadiangraduates 59.9 percent, of the total (426).Numbers of graduates from non-Canadian programs have dropped since 1987 (148 in 1987;138 in 1989). A significant decrease occurred in Other B.C., where the percentage of non­Canadian graduates decreased by 15.2 percent (37.1% of the Other B.C. total in 1987;21.9% in 1989); most of this decrease was evidenced in the numbers of United Kingdomgraduates (25 in 1987; 13 in 1989).lMembership in the British Columbia Society of Occupational Therapists is voluntary.However, registered members of the BCSOT have exclusive use of the titles RegisteredOccupational Tberapist (B.C.) and Registered OT (B.C.).63Figure 15Percentage Distribution of Occupational Therapists (Members)in British Columbia by Place of GraduationDecember 1989(N=431)Unknown ~Oceania ~Africa ~Asia ~Europe~South America INorth 81 Central America.Atlantic Region ~Ouebec IOntario _Manitoba ~SaskatchewanAlberta •British Columbia _Yukon 81 N.W. Territories IIoPrepered by :Heelth Menpower Re ..erch UnitThe University 01 Brltlah ColumbilI20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Tabl . 15 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Dccupat tonal Theraptsts (Members) ltn Brtttsh Col umbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal Dtstrtct0'DeceJl'ber 1989 .j::.Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadtan Subtotal 178 83 .80 34 80.71 73 78 .04 285 88.13Nova Scotia 3 1.08 2 3.57 1 1.04 6 1.39Quebec 17 6.09 3 5 .36 0 .00 20 4.64Ontario 42 15.05 8 14 .29 13 13 .54 63 14.62Manitoba 8 2.87 0 . 00 7 7.29 15 3 .48Alberta 18 6 .45 8 14 .29 19 19 .79 45 10 .44British Columbia 90 32 .26 13 23 .21 32 33.33 135 31.32Yukon 0 .00 0 .00 1 1.04 1 . 23Non-Canadtan Subtotal 98 34.41 21 37.50 21 21.88 138 32 .02N. & Central America Subtotal 22 7.89 6 10 .71 3 3 . 13 31 7 .19United States 22 7 .89 6 10 .71 3 3 .13 3 1 7.19South America Subtotal 1 .36 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .23Chile 1 . 36 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 2 3Europe Subtotal 50 17 .92 14 25.00 14 14 .58 78 18 .10Denmark 1 . 36 0 .00 1 1. 04 2 . 4 6Germany 1 . 36 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 23Irish Republic (Eire) 1 . 36 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .23Sweden 2 .72 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 46SWitzerland 1 .36 0 . 00 0 .00 1 .23United Ki ngdom 44 15 . 77 14 25 .00 13 13 .54 71 16 .47Asia Subtotal 10 3.58 0 . 00 1 1. 04 11 2. 55Hong Kong 5 1. 79 0 . 00 0 . 00 5 1. 16India 4 1 . 43 0 . 00 1 1. 0 4 5 1. 16Philippines 1 .36 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .23Africa Subtotal 5 1. 79 0 .00 1 1.04 6 1.39Kenya 1 . 36 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .23South Africa 4 1. 4 3 0 . 00 1 1.04 5 1. 16.... . con t fnuedTable 15(Contfnued)Place of GraduationNumber and Percentage Dfstrfbutfon of Dccupatfonal Therapfsts (Members) Ifn Brftfsh Columbfa by Place of Graduatfon by Regfonal Hospftal DfstrfctDecember 1989Reaional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C.Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'TotalNumber Percent'Oceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandUnknown SUbtotalTotal83552792.871.081. 791. 79100.001o1581. 79 2 2.08 1"1 2.55.00 2 2.08 5 1.161. 79 0 .00 6 1.391. 79 2 2.08 8 1.86100.00 98 100.00 431 100.00I Definitions are as in the attached text., Percentages may not add due to rounding.P"epa"ed by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British ColumbiaC1\U166PHYSIOTHERAPISTS6768PHYSIOTIIERAPISTSSource or Data:Association of Physiotherapists and Massage Practitioners of British Columbia (APMPBC).lDefinition:Physiotherapists included in this report were full members of the APMPBC on the date ofrecord and had British Columbia addresses. (See ROLLCALL89 for a detailed definitionof this group.) They may or may not have been employed as physiothempists.Physiotherapists who graduated from a dual program in physiothempy and occupationalthempy may also be registered with the British Columbia Society of OccupationalTherapists. Such persons are included in both the physiotherapy and occupational therapysections of this report.Date or Record:December 1989.Discussion:Table 16 shows that B.C.-trained personnel account for 25.6 percent of the total (1,549),and Canadian-trained personnel, as a whole, account for 57.6 percent. While B.C. is thelargest provincial source of graduates, Ontario schools have supplied a significantproportion (11.4%) of B.C.'s physiotherapists. This is most noticeable in the CapitalRegional Hospital District, where there are more Ontario-trained personnel (17.s%) thanthere are B.C. graduates (16.9%).Of the 580 non-Canadian graduates, 61.7 percent are from the United Kingdom (23.1% ofthe total). Graduates of United Kingdom programs are the single largest group in theCapital Regional Hospital District (21.7%) and Other B.C. (27.1%), whereas B.C. graduatescomprise only 16.9 percent and 24.2 percent, respectively.Because physiotherapists did not appear in this report in 1987, comparable data for thatyear are not available.lIn order to practise as a physiotherapist in British Columbia, it is necessary to be registeredby the Association of Physiotherapists and Massage Practitioners of B.C. under thePhysiotherapists Act.Figure 16Percentage Distribution of Physiotherapistsin British Columbia by Place of GraduationDecember 1989(N=1,549)Unknown IOceania ~Africa IAsia ~Europe_South America INorth 8t Central America ~Atlantic Region ~Ouebec IOntario.Manitoba ISaskatchewan ~Alberta.Brit ish Columb ia _Yukon 8t N.W. Territories69IoPr.p.r.d by :H•• lth M.npow.r R•••• rch UnitTh. Unlverelty of Brlt l.h Columb i.I I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 18 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Phystotheraplsts'In British COlumbia by Place of Graduation by Regtonal Hospttal Dtstrtct-....JDecember 1989 0Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent·Canadtan Subtotal 492 57.54 117 81.90 283 58.04 892 57.59Nova Scotia 11 1.29 1 . 53 10 1.98 22 1.42Quebec 51 5 .96 12 6 .35 19 3 .76 82 5 .29Ontario 94 10.99 33 17 .46 50 9 .90 177 11 .43Manitoba 37 4.33 17 8 .99 28 5.54 82 5.29Saskatchewan 16 1.87 2 1.06 11 2.18 29 1.87Alberta 40 4.68 20 10.58 43 8.51 103 6.65British Columbia 243 28.42 32 16.93 122 24.16 397 25 .63Non-Canadtan Subtotal 318 37 .19 59 31.22 203 40.20 580 37.44N. & Central America Subtotal 12 1.40 3 1.59 10 1.98 25 1.61United States 12 1.40 3 1.59 9 1. 78 24 1.55Jamaica 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 20 1 . 0 6South America Subtotal 1 . 12 0 . 00 1 . 20 2 . i 3Chi 1e 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 20 1 . 0 6Colombia 1 .12 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 6Europe Subtotal 232 27.13 50 26.46 171 33 .86 453 29.24Austria 2 .23 0 .00 1 . 20 3 . 19Belg ium 1 . 12 1 .53 1 .20 3 .19Czechoslovakia 3 . 35 0 . 00 0 .00 3 .19Denmark 2 . 23 0 .00 0 .00 2 .13Finland 0 . 00 2 1.06 0 . 00 2 .13France 0 . 00 1 . 53 0 .00 1 .06Germany 7 .82 1 . 5 3 9 1. 78 17 1. 10Ir ish Republic (Eire) 19 2.22 3 1.59 10 1.98 32 2 .07Italy 1 . 12 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 6Netherlands 8 . 94 1 . 53 10 1.98 19 1.23Norway 2 . 23 0 . 00 0 .00 2 . 13Sweden 4 .47 0 . 00 3 . 59 7 .45SWitzerland 1 .12 0 . 00 0 .00 1 .06United Kingdom 180 21.05 41 21.69 137 27.13 358 23.11Yugoslavia 2 .23 0 . 00 0 .00 2 .13. . ... cant f nuedTable t8(Continued)Number and Percentage Dlstrtbutlon of Phystotheraptsts't n Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospftal DtstrtctDecember t989Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent·Asia Subtotal 22 2.57 1 .53 0 .00 23 1.48Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 2 . 23 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 .13Ta iwa n (Formosa) 1 .12 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 6Hong Kong 7 . 8 2 0 . 00 0 . 00 7 . 45India 5 . 58 1 . 53 0 . 00 6 . 39Israel 2 . 23 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 13Phil ippines 4 .47 0 .00 0 . 00 4 .26Korea (North or South)' 1 .12 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 6Africa Subtotal 12 1.40 0 .00 2 .40 14 .90South Africa 10 1. 17 0 . 00 1 .20 11 .71Arab Rep . of Egypt(U.A .R .) 2 . 23 0 .00 1 .20 3 . 19Oceania Sub total 39 4.56 5 2.65 19 3.76 63 4 .07Austra lia 20 2 .34 2 1.06 8 1.58 30 1.94New Zealand 19 2.22 3 1.59 11 2 .18 33 2 .13Unknown Subtotal 45 5.26 13 6 .88 19 3 .76 77 4.97Total 855 100.00 189 100 .00 505 100.00 1,549 100.001 Definitions are as in the attached text.• Percentages may not add due to rounding., Not specified .Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Columbia-.....J......72PHARMACISTS7374PHARMACISTSSource of Data:College of Pharmacists of British Columbia,'Defmition:Pharmacists included in this report were registered with the College of Pharmacists of B.C.(See ROLLCALL89 for a detailed definition of this group.) On the date of record, theyhad British Columbia addresses and were legally licensed to practise as pharmacists. Theymayor may not have been employed in the field of pharmacy.Date of Record:December 1989.Discussion:Table 17 shows that B.C. graduates account for 79.7 percent of pharmacists in B.C. (2,285).This figure has increased slightly but steadily since 1983 (77.5% in 1983; 78.5% in 1985;79.3% in 1987; 79.7% in 1989). Canadian graduates account for 94.6 percent of this total,a slightly higher percent than in 1985 and 1987 (94.5% and 94.3%, respectively). Of thepharmacists residing in the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District, 82.1 percentwere trained in B.C. This figure is significantly lower in the Capital Regional HospitalDistrict (71.4%) where, in addition, 11.9 percent are Saskatchewan-trained. Other B.C.falls in between with 77.8 percent B.C.-trained and 9.5 percent Saskatchewan-trainedpersonnel. Only 5.4 percent of all pharmacists in B.C. are non-Canadian graduates; mostgraduated in the United Kingdom (1.9%) or the United States (1.4%). In general, figuresare similar to those of previous years.lIn order to practise as a pharmacist in B.C., it is necessary to be registered by the College ofPharmacists of B.C. under the Pharmacists ActFigure 17Percentage Distribution of Pharmacistsin British Columbia by Place of GraduationDecember 1989(N=2,285)Unknown IOceania IAfrica IAsia IEurope ~South AmericaNorth 8t Central America ~Atlantic Region IQuebec IOntario ~Manitoba ~Saskatchewan IJjAlberta;7SBritish ColumbiaYukon 8t N.W. TerritoriesIoPrepared by:Health Manpow.r R••••rch UnitTh. Unlv.rslty of Briliah Columbi.I I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 17 NuntJer and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Pharmactsts'tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal Dfstrfct-...lDecentler 1989 0\Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadtan Subtotal 1,262 93.48 202 96.19 897 96.14 2,161 94.57Nova Scotia 11 .81 1 . 48 4 .55 16 . 70Quebec 4 . 30 0 .00 0 .00 4 .18Ontario 17 1.26 0 .00 8 1.10 25 1.09Manitoba 27 2.00 8 3.81 15 2.07 50 2 .19Saskatchewan 47 3.48 25 11.90 69 9.52 141 6 .17Alberta 48 3 .56 18 8 .57 37 5.10 103 4 .51British Columbia 1.108 82.07 150 71.43 564 77.79 1,822 79.74Non-Canadfan SUbtotal 88 6.52 8 3.81 27 3.72 123 5 .38N. & Central America SUbtotal 19 1.41 0 .00 14 1.93 33 1.44United States 19 1.41 0 .00 14 1.93 33 1.44Europe Subtotal 41 3.04 5 2.38 10 1.38 56 2 .45Germany 1 . 0 7 1 .48 1 .14 3 . 13Greece 0 .00 1 .48 0 . 00 1 .04Hungary 1 .07 0 .00 1 .14 2 . 0 9Irish Republic (Eire) 1 .07 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 4Italy 2 . 15 0 . 00 0 .00 2 . 09Romania 1 .07 0 .00 0 .00 1 .04United Kingdom 32 2.37 3 1.43 8 1. 10 43 1.88Yugoslavia 3 .22 0 .00 0 .00 3 .13Asia Subtotal 20 1.48 2 .95 2 . 28 24 1.05Taiwan (Formosa) 6 . 44 0 .00 0 .00 6 .26India 1 .07 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 0 4.Japan 1 .07 1 .48 1 . 14 3 .13Pakistan 2 .15 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 0 9Philippines 5 .37 0 .00 0 .00 5 .22Singapore 1 .07 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 0 4Korea, South 0 .00 1 .48 0 .00 1 . 0 4Turkey 1 .07 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 0 4Vietnam, North 1 .07 0 . 00 1 . 14 2 .09Korea (North or South)' 2 .15 0 .00 0 .00 2 . 0 9.. ... contfnuedTable 17(Contfnued)Place of GraduationNumber and Percentage Dfstrfbutfon of Pharmacfsts'fn Brttfsh Columbta by Place of Graduatfon by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrfctDecember 1989Regional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C.Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'TotalNumber Percent'Africa SubtotalSouth AfricaArab Rep. of Egypt(U.A.R.)Africa (Other)Oceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandUnknown SubtotalTotal• Definitions are as in the attached text., Percentages may not add due to rounding.• Not Specified.Pf'epsf'ed by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Columbia5 .37 1 .483 .22 0 .001 .07 1 .481 .07 0 .003 .22 0 .002 .15 0 .001 .07 0 .000 .00 0 .001,350 100.00 210 100.0011ooooo725.14.14.00.00.00.00.00.14100.0074213212,285.31.18.09.04.13.09.04.04100.00-...I-...I78PSYCHOLOGISTS7980PSYCHOLOGISTSSource of Data:College of Psychologists of British Columbia,'Definition:Psychologists included in this report were registered with the College of Psychologists ofB.C. on the date of record and had British Columbia addresses. (See ROLLCALL89 for adetailed definition of this group.) They mayor may not have been employed aspsychologists.Date of Record:December 1989.Discussion:Table 18 shows that Canadian graduates account for 68.5 percent of the 708 registeredpsychologists in the Province. This percentage has increased slightly since 1987 (65.3% of705 in 1987). B.C. graduates represent 38.0 percent of the total (36.0% in 1987), withOntario graduates accounting for an additional 13.6 percent (13.3% in 1987).Of the 223 non-Canadian graduates, 79.4 percent are from the United States (25.0% of thetotal). In 1987, graduates of U.S. programs were the single largest group in Other B.C.(33.6%), whereas B.C. graduates comprised only 28.1 percent. This situation reversed itselfin 1989, so that graduates of B.C. programs dominate all Regional Hospital Districts andU.S.-trained personnel follow second.lIn order to practise as a psychologist in British Columbia, it is necessary to be registered bythe College of Psychologists of British Columbia under the Psychologists ActFigure 18Percentage Distribution of Registered Psychologistsin British Columbia by Place of GraduationDecember 1989(N =708)UnknownOceania IAfrica IAsia IEurope ISouth America INorth lit Central America _Atlantic Region ~Ouebec ~Ontario _Manitoba ~Saskatchewan ~Alberta~81British ColumbiaYukon lit N.W. Terr itoriesIoPrepered by:Heelth Menpower Reseerch UnitThe Unlv.rslty of British ColumbiaI I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 18 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Regtstered Psychologtsts'tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrtctcoDecember 1989 NRegional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadtan SUbtotal 314 69.01 90 75.63 81 60.45 485 68.50Newfoundland 2 .44 1 .84 0 .00 3 .42Nova Scotia 1 .22 0 .00 2 1.49 3 .42New Brunswick 2 .44 0 .00 1 .75 3 .42Quebec 22 4.84 3 2.52 1 .75 26 3.67Ontario 54 11.87 22 18.49 20 14.93 96 13.56Manitoba 7 1.54 4 3.36 1 .75 12 1.69Saskatchewan 8 1. 76 2 1.68 4 2.99 14 1.98Alberta 40 8.79 11 9.24 8 5.97 59 8.33British Columbia 178 39.12 47 39.50 44 32.84 269 37.99Non-Canadtan SUbtotal 141 30.99 29 24.37 53 39.55 223 31.50N. & Central America Subtotal 112 24.62 26 21.85 40 29.85 178 25.14Mexico 1 .22 0 .00 0 .00 1 .14United States 111 24.40 26 21.85 40 29.85 177 25.00South America Subtotal 1 .22 0 .00 0 .00 1 .14Chile 1 .22 0 .00 0 .00 1 . i4Europe Subtotal 23 5.05 3 2.52 11 8.21 37 5.23Belgium 0 .00 0 .00 1 .75 1 .14Czechoslovakia 2 .44 0 .00 0 .00 2 .28Germany 2 .44 1 .84 2 1.49 5 .71Italy 0 .00 0 .00 1 .75 1 .14Netherlands 2 .44 0 .00 0 .00 2 .28Poland 0 .00 0 .00 1 .75 1 .14United Kingdom 16 3.52 2 1.68 6 4.48 24 3.39Yugoslavia 1 .22 0 .00 0 .00 1 .14Asia Subtotal 1 .22 0 .00 1 .75 2 .28India 0 .00 0 .00 1 .75 1 .14Philippines 1 .22 0 .00 0 .00 1 .14.... . cant fnuedTable 18(Continued)Number and Percentage Distribution of Registered Psychologists'in British COlumbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1989Place of GraduationAfrica SubtotalSouth AfricaOceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandTotal• Definitions are as in the attached text.• Percentages may not add due to rounding.Pf'epaf'ed by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of Brit ish Columb iaRegional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent·2 . 44 0 . 0 0 0 .00 2 . 282 .44 0 .00 0 .00 2 . 282 . 44 0 . 00 1 . 75 3 .421 . 22 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 141 . 22 0 . 00 1 .75 2 . 28455 100 .00 119 100.00 134 100.00 708 100.0000VI84PHYSICIANS8586PHYSICIANSSource of Data:College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia.'Definitions:Directory Active Physicians are registered in British Columbia by the College of Physiciansand Surgeons of B.C. On the date of record, they had B.C. addresses and were licensed topractise medicine. Direc:tory Active includes physicians who are on the full, special ortemporary registers (temporary includes those who are in postgraduate training or whohave a temporary licence to practise.)Postgraduate Physicians are Directory Active Physicians who, according to the records ofthe College of Physicians and Surgeons of B.C., are involved in postgraduate work. Theymay be fully registered or on the temporary (educational) register.Non-Postgraduate Physicians are Directory Active Physicians who, according to the recordsof the College of Physicians and Surgeons of B.C., are not involved in postgraduate work.See ROLLCALL89 for detailed definitions of these groups.Date of Record:September 1989.Discussion:Data are presented for all directory active physicians in Figure 19 and Table 19, and thenonly for non-postgraduate physicians in Figure 20 and Table 20. Numbers for postgraduatephysicians can easily be derived from these two tables.B.C. graduates account for 24.1 percent and Canadian graduates account for 69.3 percent ofall directory active physicians (7,093). The percentage of B.C. graduates continues to rise(21.5% in 1985; 23.0% in 1987).While B.C. is the largest provincial source of graduates, Ontario ranks a close second(15.4%), and Alberta schools have also supplied a significant proportion of B.C.'s currentdirectory active physicians (12.1%). United Kingdom-trained physicians constitute 14.2percent of the directory active total. This has continued to drop over the past six yearsfrom the 17.8 percent figure in 1981. Graduates from the United States represent a veryminor proportion (1.8%) of all directory active physicians. Among directory activephysicians with addresses in the Capital Regional Hospital District, the largest proportionof Canadian-trained graduates (18.2%) is Ontario-trained, with almost equal proportions ofB.C.-trained (16.7%) and Alberta-trained (16.1%) personnel.lIn order to practise medicine in B.C., it is necessary to be registered by the College ofPhysicians and Surgeons of B.C. under the Medical Practitioners ActAmong non-postgraduate physicians (Figure 20 and Table 20), B.C. graduates comprise 23.6percent and Canadian graduates comprise 68.9 percent of the total (6,459). Of the non­postgraduate physicians residing in the Capital Regional Hospital District, it is interestingto note that 33.6 percent are graduates of either Ontario or Alberta programs, and anadditional 21.5 percent are from the United Kingdom, while only 16.2 percent are B.C.graduates.8788Figure 19Percentage Distribution of Directory Active Physiciansin British Columbia by Place of GraduationSeptember 1989(N =7,093)UnknownOceania ~Africa ~ASialEurope"South America INorth lit Central America ~Atlantic Region ~Quebec~Ontario' ­Manitoba~Saskatchewan ~Alberta.British ColumbiaYukon lit N.W. TerritoriesIoPrepered by:Heelth Menpower Re.eerch UnitThe University of British ColumbieI I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Tabl. 19 Number and Percentage Distribut ion of Directory Active Physicians 'In British COlumbia by Place of GradUation by Regional Hospital DistrictSeptember 1989Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B .C . TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' J!umber Percent'Canadian Subtotal 2,9B3 B9.55 552 70.32 1,402 B8.4B 4,917 B9.32NeWfoundland 35 . 8 2 5 . 64 15 . 73 55 . 78Nova Scotia 80 1.88 24 3.06 52 2.54 i56 2 . 20Quebec 263 6 .17 52 6.62 80 3 .91 395 5 .57Ontario 668 15.68 143 18.22 279 13 .62 1,090 15 .37Manitoba 222 5.21 47 5.99 112 5 .47 381 5 .37Saskatchewan 149 3.50 24 3 .06 98 4 .79 271 3 .82Alberta 420 9.86 126 16.05 3 13 15 .28 859 12 . 11British Columbia 1,126 26 .43 131 16.69 453 22 .12 1,710 24 .11Nan-Canadian SUbtotal 1,297 30 .45 233 29.B8 B4B 31.54 2 ,178 30.88N. & Central America SUbtotal 97 2 .28 12 1.53 41 2 .00 150 2 .11Mexico 4 . 0 9 0 . 00 2 .10 6 . 0 8United States 81 1. 90 11 1.40 36 1. 76 128 1.80Cuba 1 .02 0 .00 0 .00 1 .01l.Iamaica 11 . 26 1 .13 3 .15 15 . 2 1South America Subtotal 20 .47 3 .38 0 .00 23 . 32Argentina 5 .12 0 . 00 0 . 00 5 . 0 7BoliVia 0 .00 i .13 0 . 00 1 . 0 1Brazil 3 .07 0 .00 0 .00 3 . 0 4Chile 4 .09 1 .13 0 .00 5 . 0 7Colombia 6 .14 0 .00 0 . 00 6 . 0 8Peru 2 . 0 5 0 . 00 0 .00 2 . 0 3Uruguay 0 . 00 1 .13 0 . 00 1 . 0 1Europe Subtotal 723 16.97 188 23.95 445 21.73 1,356 19 .12Austria 7 . 16 0 .00 3 . 15 10 .14Belgium 2 .05 0 .00 0 . 00 2 . 0 3Czechoslovakia 20 .47 2 .25 4 . 20 26 . 37Denmark 1 .02 1 .13 1 . 0 5 3 . 0 4Finland 1 .02 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 1France 4 . 0 9 0 . 00 2 .10 6 . 0 8Germany 23 .54 2 .25 13 . 63 38 .54Greece 7 .16 0 .00 0 . 00 7 . 10Hungary 8 .19 2 .25 6 . 29 16 . 23Irish RepUblic (Eire) 81 1.90 12 1.53 56 2 .73 149 2 .10Italy 8 .19 1 . 13 0 . 00 9 . 13Malta 2 .05 0 .00 1 . 0 5 3 .04Netherlands 11 .26 3 .38 13 . 6 3 27 . 38 00\0Poland 20 .47 0 .00 1 . 0 5 21 . 30. . ... contfnuedTable 19 Number and Percentage Distribution of Directory Activ. Physicians'(Contfnued)in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital District10Septerrber 1989 0Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Romania 1 . 02 0 . 00 2 . 10 3 . 0 4Spain 3 .07 2 .25 1 . 0 5 6 .08Sweden 3 . 0 7 0 .00 0 .00 3 .04SWitzerland 8 .19 0 .00 0 .00 8 . 11United Kingdom 500 11.74 163 20 .76 342 16 .70 1.005 14.17USSR (Russia) 1 .02 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .01Yugoslavia 12 .28 0 . 00 0 .00 12 . 17Asia Subtotal 267 6.27 16 2.04 58 2.83 341 4 .81Burma 2 .05 0 . 00 0 .00 2 .03Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 2 .05 0 .00 1 .05 3 .04China 20 .47 2 .25 2 . 10 24 .34Taiwan (Formosa) 22 .52 0 .00 6 .29 28 .39Hong Kong 51 1.20 2 . 25 2 . 10 55 .78India 52 1.22 6 . 76 30 1.46 88 1.24Indonesia 1 .02 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .01Iran 11 .26 2 .25 2 .10 15 .21Iraq 2 .05 0 .00 0 .00 2 .03Israel 9 .21 0 . 00 0 . 00 9 .13'-'apan 6 .14 0 . 00 0 . 00 6 .08Kuwait 1 .02 0 .00 0 .00 1 .01Lebanon 1 . 0 2 0 .00 1 .05 2 . 0 3Malaysia 3 .07 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 0 4Pakistan 7 .16 1 . 13 0 . 00 8 . 11Philippines 25 .59 3 . 38 10 .49 38 .54Saudi Arabia 23 .54 0 .00 0 . 00 23 .32Singapore 6 . 14 0 .00 0 . 00 6 . 0 8Korea. South 14 . 33 0 . 00 4 . 20 18 .25Syria 1 .02 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 1Turkey 5 . 12 0 .00 0 .00 5 .07Vietnam. South 3 .07 0 . 00 0 .00 3 . 04Africa Subtotal 111 2.61 9 1. 15 72 3 .52 192 2.71Ghana 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .05 1 .01Kenya 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 5 1 .01l1bya 1 .02 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 1Nigeria 3 .07 0 . 00 2 . 10 5 .07Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) 3 .07 0 .00 0 . 00 3 . 0 4South Africa 83 1.95 8 1.02 60 2 .93 151 2.13Uganda 7 .16 0 . 00 5 . 24 12 .17Arab Rep. of Egypt(U.A .R.) 13 . 3 1 1 . 13 3 .15 17 .24Zambia 1 . 0 2 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 1.... . contfnuedTable 19(Continued)Place of GraduationNumber and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Dtrectory Acttve Phystctans'tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduation by Regtonal Hospital DtstrtctSeptember 1989ReQional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C.Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'TotalNumber Percent'Oceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandFijiTotal1 Definitions are as in the attached text., Percentages may not add due to rounding .p,.epa,.ed by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Columbia79 1.85 5 .64 30 1.46 114 1. 6145 1.06 4 .51 15 . 73 64 .9031 .73 1 .13 15 . 7 3 47 .663 .07 0 . 00 0 .00 3 .044,280 100.00 785 100 .00 2 ,048 100.00 7,093 100.00\0~92,-- - ------- ---------------,Figure 20Percentage Distribution of Non-Postgraduate Physiciansin British Columbia by Place of GraduationSeptember 1989(N=6,459)UnknownOceania ~Africa ~Asia ~Europe_South Amer» -lNorth lit Central America ~Atlantic Region ~Quebec~Ontario_Manitoba ~Saskatchewan ~Alberta.British ColumbiaYukon lit N.W. TerritoriesIoPrepered by:Heelth Menpower Reeeerch UnitThe University of Britleh ColumbieI I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 20 Number and Percentage Distribution of Nan-PostgradUate Physicians 'in Brtttsh Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regianal Hospital DistrictSeptember 1989Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber -.fercent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadian SUbtotal 2,528 89 .09 528 89.39 1,399 88.51 4,453 88.94Newfoundland 25 . 68 5 . 66 15 . 73 45 . 70Nova Scot ia 67 1. 83 22 2 .90 52 2 .55 141 2 .18Quebec 244 6 .67 52 6 .86 80 3.92 376 5.82Ontar io 584 15 .96 136 17 .94 278 13 .61 998 15.45Manitoba 202 5 .52 47 6 .20 112 5 .48 361 5 .59Saskatchewan 123 3 .36 22 2.90 98 4.80 243 3 .76Alberta 337 9.21 119 15 .70 312 15 .28 768 11.89British Columbia 946 25.85 123 16 .23 452 22 .14 1,521 23.55Nan-Canadian Subtotal 1,131 30.91 232 30.81 843 31.49 2 ,008 31.08N. & Central America Subtotal 81 2 .21 12 1.58 40 1.96 133 2 .06Mexico 4· 11 0 . 00 2 .10 6 . 0 9Unit~d States 65 1 .78 11 1.45 35 1. 7 1 111 1. 72Cuba 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 2\Jamaica 11 . 30 1 .13 3 .15 15 . 23South America Subtotal 15 . 4 1 3 . 40 0 .00 18 .28Argentina 3 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 .05Bolivia 0 .00 1 .13 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Brazil 1 . 0 3 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Chile 4· 11 1 .13 0 .00 5 . 0 8Colombia 5 .14 0 . 00 0 . 00 5 . 0 8Peru 2 . 0 5 0 .00 0 .00 2 .03Uruguay 0 . 0 0 1 .13 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Europe Subtotal 680 18 .58 187 24 .67 444 21 .74 1,311 20 .30Austria 7 .1 9 0 .00 3 . 15 10 . 15Be lgium 2 .05 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 0 3Czechoslovakia 18 . 49 1 .13 4 .20 23 .36Denmark 1 . 0 3 1 .13 1 . 0 5 3 .05Finland 1 . 0 3 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .02France 4· 11 0 . 00 2 . 10 6 .09Germany 20 . 55 2 .26 13 .64 35 .54Greece 6 . 16 0 .00 0 .00 6 .09Hungary 7 .19 2 .26 6 .29 15 .23Irish Republic (Eire) 76 2 .08 12 1.58 55 2.69 143 2 .21Italy 6 . 16 1 . 13 0 . 00 7 . 11Malta 2 . 0 5 0 . 00 1 . 0 5 3 .05 IDtIo1. . . . . contfnuedTable 20 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Non-Postgraduate Phystctans'(Contfnued)fn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospftal Dtstrtct\0Septerrmer 1989 ~Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent· Number Percent·Netherlands 11 . 30 3 . 40 13 . 64 27 .42Poland 14 . 38 0 . 00 1 . 0 5 15 . 23Romania 0 .00 0 . 00 2 . 10 2 .03Spain 2 .05 2 . 26 1 . 0 5 5 .08Sweden 3 .08 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 .05Switzerland 6 .16 0 . 00 0 . 00 6 . 0 9United Kingdom 483 13 .20 163 21 .50 342 16 .75 988 15 .30USSR (Russ ia) 1 . 0 3 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Yugoslavia 10 . 27 0 . 00 0 . 00 10 .15As ia Subtota l 206 5 .63 16 2.11 57 2 .79 279 4 .32Burma 2 .05 0 .00 0 . 00 2 . 0 3Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 1 .03 0 .00 1 . 0 5 2 . 0 3China 16 .44 2 . 26 2 . 10 20 .3 1Ta i wa n (Formosa) 21 . 5 7 0 .00 6 . 29 27 . 42Hong Kong 47 1 .28 2 . 26 2 . 10 51 . 79India 42 1 .15 6 . 79 29 1. 4 2 77 1. 19Indonesia 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Iran 9 .25 2 .26 2 .10 13 .20Iraq 1 .03 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 2Israel 3 .08 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 0 5Japan 5 .14 0 . 00 0 . 00 5 . 0 8Lebanon 1 .03 0 .00 1 . 0 5 2 . 0 3Malaysia 3 . 0 8 0 .00 0 . 00 3 .05Pakistan 5 .14 1 . 13 0 .00 6 . 0 9Philippines 25 .68 3 .40 10 . 49 38 .59Singapore 5 .14 0 . 00 0 . 00 5 . 0 8Korea , South 12 .33 0 . 00 4 .20 16 . 25Syria 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Turkey 3 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 0 5Vietnam, South 3 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 .05Africa Subtotal 87 2 .38 9 1.19 72 3 .53 168 2 .60Ghana 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 0 5 1 . 0 2Kenya 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 5 1 . 0 2Nigeria 2 . 0 5 0 . 00 2 . 10 4 . 0 6Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) 3 . 0 8 0 . 0 0 0 .00 3 . 0 5South Afr ica 69 1.89 8 1. 0 6 60 2 .94 137 2.12Uganda 6 .16 0 . 00 5 . 24 11 .17Arab Rep . of Egypt(U .A .R .) 7 . 19 1 . 13 3 . 15 11 . 17. .... contfnuedTable 20(Contfnued)Place of GraduationNumber and Percentage DtstrtbUtton of Non-Postgraduate Phystctans'tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrtctSeptember 1989Regional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C.Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'TotalNumber Percent'Oceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandFijiTotal• Definitions are as in the attached text ., Percentages may not add due to rounding.p,.epa,.ed by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Columbia62 1.69 5 . 66 30 1.47 97 1.5032 .87 4 .53 15 .73 51 .7927 .74 1 .13 15 .73 43 .673 .08 0 .00 0 .00 3 .053,859 100.00 758 100.00 2,042 100 .00 8,459 100.0010U1/Health Human Resources UnitCentre for Health Services and Pollcy ResearchThe University of British Columbia429 - 2194 Health Sciences MallVancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z3Telephone: (604) 822-4810Fax: (604) 822-5690Information on earUer reports maybeobtainedfrom theHealth Human Resources UnitmmU86:1(HMRU86:1)mmU86:2(S:20)mmU86:3(R:28)mmU86:4(P:7)mmU86:5(R:29)mmU86:6(S:21)mmU86:7(S:22)mmU86:8(R:30)mmU87:1(S:23)mmU87:2(R:31)HHRU87:3(HMRU87:1)HHRU87:4(S:24)Diagnostic Ultrasound in B.C., 1979 to 1984. February 1986.(C. Kinnis, M.L. Barer)Life Cycle ActivityPatterns ofPhysicians. February 1986. (M.L. Barer,R. Gupta,M. RJugeQROUCAU 85. A StatusReportofHealth Personnel in theProvince ofBritishColumbia. March 1986.PRODUCTION 85. A StatusReporton the Production ofHealth and HumanServices Personnel in the Province ofBritish Columbia. March 1986.PlaceofGraduation for Selected Health Occupations, 1985. May 1986. (V. Lee,C. Jackson)Specialty andPractice Location Decisions ofPhysicians Entering PostgraduateTraining in British Columbia, 1974 to 1978. May 1986. (M.L. Barer, C. Kinnis, S.Chan)NurseRequirements in British Columbia: 1979-1982 Trends. Part II: NurseEducators (Academic) - Preliminary Findings. September 1986. (A. Kazanjian, S.Chan)Registered Psychiatric Nurses in British Columbia, 1985. A StatusReport.October 1986. (C. Kinnis)DentalHygienists in BritishColumbia, 1985: A Survey ofDemographic,Educational and Career Patterns. February 1987. (I. Pulcins, V. Lee)ROUCAU UPDATE 86. A StatusReportofSelected Health Personnel in theProvince ofBritish Columbia. March 1987.Fee Practice Medical Service Expenditures per Capita, andFull-Time-EquivalentPhysicians in B.C., 1985-86. March 1987. (M.L. Barer, P. Wong Fung)Difficult-to-Fill Vacancies in the Health Care Field, British Columbia, 1980-1986.June 1987. (C. Kinnis)HHRU 88:1(1) The Nurse ManpowerStudy. Volume I: Report of the Nurse Manpower Study(HMRU 88:1(1» Advisory Committee. February 1988.HHRU 88:1(2) The Nurse ManpowerStudy. Volume II: A Synthesis ofthe Nurse Manpower(HMRU 88:1(2» Data in British Columbia. February 1988. (I. Pulcins, A. Kazanjian, K. Kerluke)HHRU 88:1(3) TheNurse ManpowerStudy. Volume III: Influenceof the Workplace on Nurse(HMRU 88:1(3» ManpowerSupply in British. Columbia: An ExploratoryStudy. February 1988. (D.G.Layton)mmU88:2(HMRU88:2)mmU88:3(HMRU88:3)mmU88:4(HMRU88:4)mmU88:5(HMRU88:5)mmU88:6(HMRU88:6)mmU88:7(HMRU88:7)mmU89:1(HMRU 89:1)mmU89:2(HMRU89:2)HHRU89:3(HMRU89:3)HHRU89:4(HMRU89:4)HHRU90:1(HMRU90:l)mmU90:2(HMRU90:2)Diagnostic Ultrasound in British Columbia, 1986. March 1988. (C. Kinnis, M.L.Barer)Social Workers in Health Care Settings in British Columbia, 1987. A StatusReport. March 1988. (I. Pulcins, S. Chan)ROllCAll 87. A Status Report ofHealth Personnel in the Province ofBritishColumbia. March 1988.PRODUCTION87. A StatusReport on the Production ofHealth and HumanServices Personnel in the ProvinceofBritish Columbia. March 1988.Supply ofand Requirements for AcademicMedicalManpower in BritishColumbia. May 1988. (M.L. Barer, A. Kazanjian, N. Pagllccia)Place ofGraduation for SelectedHealth Occupations -1987. August 1988. (K.Kerluke, C. Jackson, A. Kazanjian)ROILCAll UPDATE 88. A StatusReport ofSelectedHealth Personnel in theProvince ofBritish Columbia. March 1988.Health Managers in B.C. Part I: Methodsand Preliminary Findings FromSurvey ofChief Executive Officers. July 1989. (A. Kazanjian, N. Pagliccia, C.Jackson)Fee PracticeMedicalServiceExpenditures Per Capita, and Full-Time-EquivalentPhysiciansin British Columbia, 1987-88. August 1989. (A. Kazanjian, P. WongFung, M.L. Barer)ProvidersofVision Care in British Columbia: A Report on the Status ofOphthalmologists and Optometrists, and On the Utilization of Ophthalmological andOptometricServices, 1975-1988. July 1989. (I. Pulcins, P. Wong Fung, C. Jackson,K. Kerluke, A. Kazanjian)Nurse DeploymentPatterns: Examples for HealthHuman ResourcesManagement.February 1990. (A. Kazanjian, I. Pulcins, K. Kerluke)Proceedings ofthe Workshop on Priorities in Health Human Resources Researchin Canada. March 1990. (A. Kazanjian, K. Friesen)mmU90:3(HMRU90:3)mmU90:4(HMRU90:4)mmU90:5(HMRU90:5)mmU90:6(HMRU90:6)mmU90:7(HMRU90:7)mmU91:1mmU91:2mmU91:3mmU91:4RmmU92:1mmU92:2mmU92:3HHRU92:4RHHRU92:5RmmU92:6ROLLCALL 89. A StatusReportofHealth Personnel in the Province ofBritishColumbia. March 1990.PRODUCTION 89. A StatusReporton the Production ofHealth ServicesPersonnel in the Province ofBritishColumbia. March 1990.Health Personnel Modelling: A Bibliography With Abstracts. June 1990. (N.Pagllccia, C. Jackson, A. Kazanjian)Health Managers in B.C. Part II: WhoManages Our System? ­Sociodemographic Characteristics, Employment Patterns, Educational Backgroundand Training ofHealthManagers. June 1990. (A. Kazanjian, C. Jackson, N.Pagliccia)PlaceofGraduation for Selected Health Occupations -1989. November 1990.(S. Cavalier, K. Kerluke, L. Wood)Registered Psychologists in BritishColumbia, 1990: A StatusReport. March 1991. (C.Jackson, L. Wood, K. Kerluke, A. Kazanjian)StudyofRuralPhysician Supply: PracticeLocation Decisions and Problems inRetention. Volume I. March 1991. (A. Kazanjian, N. Pagllccla, L. Apland, S. Cavalier,1.. Wood)ROLLCALL UPDATE 90. A StatusReportofSelectedHealthPersonnel in theProvince ofBritish Columbia. March 1991.A SingleStochastic ModelFor Forecasting NurseSupplyand For Estimating Life­CycleActivityPatterns. May 1991. (A. Kazanjian)Irfarmation Needed to SupportHealth Human Resources Management. February1992. (A. Kazanjian)ROLLCALL 91. A StatusReportofHealth Personnel in the Province ofBritishColumbia. May 1992.PRODUCTION 91. A StatusReporton the Production ofHealth Personnel in theProvince ofBritish Columbia. May 1992.A Human Resources Decision SupportModel: NurseDeployment Patterns in OneCanadian System. November 1992. (A. Kazanjian, I. Pulcins, K. Kerluke)Health ''Manpower'' Planning or GenderRelations? The Obvious and the Oblique.June 1992. (A. Kazanjian)PLACEOF GRADUATION 91. A StatusReporton PlaceofGraduation for SelectedHealth Personnel in the Province ofBritishColumbia. November 1992.(A. MacDonald, K. Kerluke, L.E. Apland, L. Wood)HHRU 92:7 Fee Practice Medical Service Expenditures per Capita, and Full-Time-EquivalentPhysicians in BritishColumbia, 1989-1990. November 1992. (A. Kazanjian,P. Wong Fung, M.L. Barer)HHRU 92:8 Diagnostic MedicalSonographers in British Columbia, 1991. December 1992(L.E. Apland, A. Kazanjian)HHRU 93:1 StudyofRuralPhysician Supply: Perceptions ofRuraland Urban. January 1993. (N.Pagliccia, L.E. Apland, A. Kazanjian)HHRU 93:2 Nursing Resources Models: Part1: Synthesis oftheLiterature and a ModellingStrategy for B.C. February 1993. (N. Pagliccia, L. Wood, A. Kazanjian)HHRU 93:3 Nursing Resources in British Columbia: Trends, Tensions and Tentative Solutions.February 1993. (A. Kazanjian, L. Wood) Also listed as Health Policy Research UnitReport HPRU 93:5DHHRU 93:4 ROILCALL UPDATE 92. A Status ReportofSelected Health Personnel in theProvince ofBritish Columbia. Apri11993.HHRU 93:5 Difficult-to-Fill Vacancies in Selected Health Care Disciplines in British Columbia,1980-1991. June 1993. (A. MacDonald, A. Kazanjian)HHRU 93:6 Social Workers in Health Care in British Columbia, 1991. July 1993. (L.B. Apland,L. Wood. A. Kazanjian)HHRU 93:7 Fee Practice Medical Services Expenditures Per Capita, and Full-Time-EquivalentPhysicians in British Columbia, 1991-1992. December 1993. (A. Kazanjian, P. WongFung, L. Wood)HHRU 93:8R Health Care Managers in British Columbia Part I: Who Manges OurSystem?, PartII: Exploring Furture Directions. December 1993. (A. Kazanjian, N. Pagliccia)HHRU 94:1 Social Work Personnel in British Columbia: Defining thepopulation and describingdeployment patternsin 1993. January 1994. (1. Finch, A. Kazanjian, L. Wood)

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