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Place of graduation 97 : a status report on place of graduation for selected health personnel in the… University of British Columbia. Health Human Resources Unit Aug 31, 1998

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PLACE OF GRADUATION 97A STATUS REPORT ON PLACE OF GRADUATIONFOR SELECTED HEALTH PERSONNELIN THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIAHHRU98:3Health Human Resources UnitCentre for Health Services and Policy ResearchThe University of British ColumbiaVancouver, British Columbia V6T 123August 1998Canadian Cataloguing in Publication DataThe National Library of Canada has catalogued this publicationas follows:Main entry under title:Place of GraduationBiennial.ISSN 1200-07011.Medical personnel -British Columbia-Statistics, 1. BritishColumbia. Health Human Resources Working Group. II.University of British Columbia. Health Human Resources Unit.RA41O.9.C2P6 610.69 C94-301-383-6HEALTHHUMANRESOURCES UNITThe Health HumanResources Unit (HHRU) of the Centre for Health Servicesand PolicyResearchwas establishedas a demonstration projectby the British ColumbiaMinistry ofHealth in 1973. Since that time,the Unit has been carried on an ongoing basis within theMinistry's annual operatingbudget. The Unit undertakes a series of research studies that arerelevant to health humanresources management and to public policy decisions.The HHRUs researchagendais determinedthroughextensivediscussionof key current issuesand availableresourceswithMinistry of Health. Various health care provider groupsparticipate indirectly, throughongoingformaland informalcommunication with Ministry ofHealth officialsand with HHRUresearchers.Three types of researchactivity are variouslyincludedon the Unit's research agenda and drawon differentskills and researchexpertiseof its facultyand staff. In conjunctionwith theprofessional licensingbodiesor associations, the HHRU developsand maintainsa co-operativehealth humanresourcesdatabase. The Unit uses these data to produce regular status reportsthat providea basis for future in-depthstudiesand for health human resources planning. TheUnit conducts in-depth studiesthat have a particularpolicy relevance or assess the impact ofspecificpolicy measures,basedon secondaryanalysesof data from the co-operativedatabaseor primarydata collected throughlarge scale surveys. The HHRU also conducts specificprojects pertainingto the management of healthhumanresourcesat local, regional andprovincial levels.Copiesof studiesand reports producedby the HHRU are available at no charge.(See[mal pages of this documentfor a listing ofHHRU studies and reports.)HealthHuman ResourcesUnitCentrefor Health ServicesandPolicyResearch#429-2194 Health SciencesMallVancouver, BCV6T 1Z3Ph: (604) 822-4810Fax: (604) 822-5690email: hbru@chspr.ubc.caURL: www.chspr.ubc.caiiACKNOWLEDGEMENTSSpecial appreciation is extended to the regulatory bodies and membership groups, all ofwhom took the time to answer our written and verbal requests for information.PLACE OF GRADUATION 97 is based on data developed for ROLLCALL 97; sixmonths of file maintenance and updating is topped off with table generation, consistencychecks, definition and other text verification, proof-reading and analysis. The programing teamworking on this edition was headed by Kerry Kerluke and included Harold Yip, BrianMcCashin, and Patrick Wong Fung. Allyson MacDonald, Laura Wood, and Sherin Rahim­Jamal handled the data collection, editing and updating. Laura Wood, Kerry Kerluke, andAllyson MacDonald co-ordinated the report production. Tables were produced on an mMfMcompatible PC using, Microsoft Excel™ v7.0 and software written in FoxPROTM v2.5. Textwas produced using Microsoft Word™ for Windows v7.0.Financial support from the British Columbia Ministry of Health and the University ofBritish Columbia is gratefully acknowledged.THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIAHealth Human Resources UnitCentre for Health Services and Policy Research429 - 2194 Health Sciences MallVancouver, B.C. Canada V6T lZ3Tel: (604) 822-4810Fax: (604) 822-5690August 28, 1998Dr. Alan ThomsonMedical ConsultantPlanning and EvaluationMinistry of Health and Ministry Responsible for Seniors1515 Blanshard StreetVictoria, B.C. V8W 3C8Dear Dr. Thomson:It is with great pleasure that I transmit to you the fourteenth edition of our PLACE OFGRADUATION series, PLACE OF GRADUATION 97.The groups (thirteen in total) included in this edition remain the same as those included inPLACE OF GRADUATION 95. However, fewer tables are included in this edition where no additionalinformation is provided by a table; in such instances the tables have been briefly discussed but notprinted.The percentage of B.C. graduates has increased somewhat over the last ten years for the majorityof the groups. This increase has been greater than five percent for three of the groups: massagetherapists (40.76% in 1989, the first year these data were available, to 68.27% in 1997), occupationaltherapists (29.11% in 1987 to 37.95% in 1997) and dentists (30.88% in 1987 to 38.03% in 1997).Also showing a general upward trend in the percentage of B.C. graduates from 1987 to 1997 arephysicians (23.00% to 26.86%), registered nurses (48.89% to 52.38%) and physical therapists(24.45% to 27.95%). On the other hand, both registered psychiatric nurses and pharmacists show anoverall downward pattern in the percentage of B.C. graduates (from 68.31% in 1987 to 63.12% in1997 for RPN's and from 79.28% in 1987 to 74.66% in 1997 for pharmacists).We look forward to your comments and suggestions.Sincerely yours,~f~lZArminee Kazanjian, Dr. Soc.Associate DirectorCentre for Health Services and Policy ResearchA Research Unit Funded by the Ministry of Health, British ColumbiaiiiivTABLE OFCONTENTSPage NumberIntroduction viI. Dental ServicesCertified Dental Assistants 2Dental Hygienists 10Dentists 20II. Medical and Treatment ServicesPharmacists 32Physicians 42III. Nursing ServicesLicensed Practical Nurses 62Registered Nurses 73Registered Psychiatric Nurses 88IV. Nutrition and Dietary ServicesRegistered Dietitians and Nutritionists 100v. PsychologicalPsychologists 110VI. Rehabilitation ServicesMassage Therapists 120Occupational Therapists 128Physical Therapists 135Appendices:A. British Columbia and LocalHealth Regions 147B. Population Estimates forBritish Columbia by Health Region 153Reports of theHealth Human Resources Unit 157vviINTRODUCTIONThis report is the fourteenth of its kind reporting the place of graduation for selected healthoccupations in British Columbia. We are pleased to announce that this report will soon be available onthe Centre for Health Services and Policy Research web site (www.chspr.ubc.ca) under "Publications"­"Chronological listing of reports" - "Health Human Resources Unit". The groups included in this reportare the licensed or registered professions in the province for which updated data are available and placeof graduation of members is known. In all cases, the total number of licensed or registeredprofessionals, as of the date of record, is given. Occupational Therapists and Dietitians andNutritionists are the only groups presented in this volume for which registration is not mandatory,though regulation exists in the form of exclusive use of statutory titles.Data presented in this report should not be interpreted as indicative of immigration anellormigrationpatterns. PLACE OF GRADUATION provides information only about where education was obtained,not country or province of origin. What PLACE OF GRADUATION does suggest is BritishColumbia's relative dependence, within these health professions, on people trained outside this province.The first tables of each chapter show province/country of graduation by geographic location withinthe province. Location has been grouped into the broad categories "Vancouver and District", "Capital"and "Other B.C." to facilitate clear data presentation. Following is a list of British Columbia HealthRegions as they fall into the three categories used in this edition of PLACE OF GRADUATION.Vancouver and District:South Fraser ValleySimon FraserVancouverBurnabyNorth ShoreRichmondCapital:CapitalOther B.C.:East KootenayWest Kootenay - BoundaryNorth OkanaganSouth Okanagan - SimilkameenFraser ValleyCoast GaribaldiCentral Vancouver IslandUpper Island I Central CoastThompsonCaribooNorth WestNorthern InteriorPeace LiardSince the publication of PLACE OF GRADUATION 95, there have been minor changes to theboundaries of the Health Regions (HR' S) used in PLACE OF GRADUATION (see Appendix A fordetails) . These changes are the result of revisions made by the B.C. Ministry of Health to the LocalHealth Area (LHA) boundaries on which the Health Regions are basedl. Only a small number of1 Beginning in 1995, a process ofregionalization began in B.C. Between that time and the present, December 1997, newhealth authority regions have been created. These include the current eleven Regional Health Boards (RHB's), the thirty­four Community Health Councils (CHC's), and the seven Community Health Services Societies (CHSS's). The geographicboundaries of the various new health authority regions could no longer easily be translated to the existing Local HealthArea (LHA) and Health Region (HR) boundaries, so the LHA's and HR's were revised in the spring of 1997.communities have been affected by the revisions to the LHA's and the HR's. A list of thosecommunities which now appear in a Health Region different than that in which they appeared in 1995 isprovided in Appendix A. Appendix A also contains a map of B.C. showing the Health Regionboundaries, and a conversion table showing the relationship between the three broad health regiongroupings, the Health Regions and the Local Health Areas. A table of population estimates for theHealth Regions can be found in Appendix B.PLACE OF GRADUATION includes tables showing the distribution of personnel by place ofgraduation for individual health regions, and also included are tables showing mean years sincegraduation, and for some groups, mean years since registration in B.C. and mean age of personnel byplace of graduation and health region. For these tables, place of graduation has been aggregated intothe categories B.C., Alberta, SaskatchewanlManitoba, Ontario, Other Canada and Other Country. Itshould be noted that in these tables Other Canada refers to the northern territories and the provinces eastof Ontario, whereas in Figures 1 and 2 in each chapter Other Canada refers to the northern territoriesand all provinces other than B.C.Some tables seen in previous editions of PLACE OF GRADUATION have been excluded, when theadditional information contained therein was relatively small. In all cases, however, the unpublishedtables were produced, are discussed briefly, and are available upon request In all tables, location in theprovince is based on employment address wherever employment address was available. Employmentaddress was not available from some groups or for all members of other groups; particular percentagesof home versus employment address are outlined in the "Definition:" section of each chapter.PROVINCIAL SUMMARYFigures 1 and 2 provide a graphic overview of place of graduation for the thirteen healthprofessions included in PLACE OF GRADUATION. Figure 1 suggests that the majority of healthprofessionals in B.C. were educated in this province, with the highest proportions of B.C. graduates tobe found in Other B.C. It also suggests that non-Canadian graduates are more likely to locate inVancouver and District than in other areas of the province. Figure 2 compares new registrants(registrants from approximately the last two years) to all registrants, in terms of broad category of placeof graduation. This figure shows that the new registrants and all registrants have similar proportions ofgraduates from B.C., Other Canada and Other Country.Tables 1 and 2 offer a more detailed look at the data presented in Figures 1 and 2. Table 1indicates that of all health personnel included in PLACE OF GRADUATION, 83.88% were educated inCanada and 15.46% outside Canada, compared to 86.01% and 13.32%, respectively, of the newregistrants (Table 2). Among the Canadian graduates, there is a slightly higher proportion of B.C.graduates in the new registrant group compared to the total group (56.32% versus 52.67%,respectively). Slight variations in the proportions of B.C. graduates between locations in the provinceexist, with the new registrants showing the greatest variation. The proportion of B.C. graduates variesfrom 50.29% in Capital to 54.98% in Other B.C. for the total group, and from 48.11 % in Capital to58.15% in Vancouver and District for the new registrants.The non-B.C. Canadian graduates also show variations in the proportions of graduates betweenlocations in the province, with the new registrants again showing the greatest variation. The proportionof non-B.C. Canadian graduates varies from 27.87% in Vancouver and District to 37.64% in Capitalviiviiifor the total group, and from 23.68% in Vancouver and District to 42.65% in Capital for the newregistrants. Graduates from Nova Scotia are fairly evenly distributed across the province in Table 1(1.94% in Capital and 1.51% in each of Vancouver and District and Other B.C.), but are more thantwice as likely to be located in Capital than the rest of the province in Table 2 (4.41% in Capital versus1.61% in Vancouver and District and 1.88% in Other B.C.). Graduates from Ontario show a similartrend; they are more likely to be found in Capital than in either Vancouver and District or Other B.C. inboth the total registration group and the new registrants (13.30% in Capital versus 9.56% in Vancouverand District and 9.37% in Other B.C. for the total group, and 17.02% in Capital versus 10.55% inVancouver and District and 10.00% in Other B.C. for the new registrants). Alberta graduates are morelikely to be found in Other B.C. and less likely to be found in Vancouver and District. This pattern iseven more evident in the new registrant group than in the total group (10.99% in Other B.C. versus8.40% in Capital and 4.43% in Vancouver and District for the new registrants, and 10.93% in OtherB.C. versus 10.30% in Capital and 6.28% in Vancouver and District for the total group). Overall, theproportions of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Quebec, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Islandgraduates are all slightly lower among the new registrants than among the total group.Graduates from the U.S., the U.K, Hong Kong, the Philippines and South Africa account for mostof the foreign graduates (2.11% of all graduates and 2.14% of new registrants are from the U.S., 5.67%of all graduates and 1.95% of new registrants are from the U.K., 1.07% of all graduates and 1.04% ofnew registrants are from Hong Kong, 1.87% of all graduates and 2.68% of new registrants are from thePhilippines and 0.78% of all graduates and 1.18% of new registrants are from South Africa). The non­Canadian graduates are more likely to be found in Vancouver and District than in either Capital orOther B.C. in both the total registration group and the new registrants (19.83% in Vancouver andDistrict versus 11.54% in Capital and 10.35% in Other B.C. for the total group, and 17.27% inVancouver and District versus 9.24% in Capital and 8.29% in Other B.C. for the new registrants).Table 3 presents the information in Table 1 by health region and by place of graduation, withforeign graduates aggregated into one category. As mentioned previously, the "Other Canada" categoryin this table, and all similarly aggregated tables in the chapters, refers to all provinces and territoriesother than British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario. The column heading "N"is the number of health professionals that comprise each group. B.C. graduates represent just over halfof all registrants to these health professions (52.67%). Within the individual health regions, however,there is a fairly large variation in percentage of B.C. graduates, ranging from 39.82% in Peace Liard to64.16% in Cariboo. Peace Liard and East Kootenay show the highest representation of Albertagraduates (20.64% and 20.54%, respectively), which may be because these two health regions sharelong borders with Alberta. Non-Canadian graduates constitute more than 10% of health professionalsin all health regions, except for four health regions located in the south-central and south-east areas ofthe province; East Kootenay (9.44%), North Okanagan (8.68%), South Okanagan-Similkameen(8.51%) and Thompson Valley (7.77%). In contrast, 21.99% ofhealth personnel located in Vancouverare graduates of other countries.Table 4 uses the same format as Table 3, but presents only the new registrant population. Whenlooking across the provincial totals, most differences between Table 3 and Table 4 are relatively small(less than two percentage points) , with the exception of B.C. graduates and non-Canadian graduates;B.C. graduates are 52.67% of all registrants and 56.32% of new registrants, while non-Canadiangraduates are 15.46% of all registrants and 13.32% of new registrants. Within the individual healthregions, percentage distributions can be quite different. As was the case in Table 3, the proportion ofB.C. graduates is lowest in the Peace Liard Health Region (28.57%) and highest in the Cariboo HealthRegion (73.75%) for the new registrants. East Kootenay shows the highest representation of Albertagraduates among the new registrants at 24.07%, well above the provincial total of7.14%. Thepercentage of Other Country graduates in the health regions has a wider variation by health regionamong the new registrants than that seen in the total group (Table 3). Non-Canadian graduates makeup only 4.63% of the new registrants in East Kootenay (5 out of 108), but 25.45% of new registrants inthe North Shore (56 of 220).Table 5 provides an historical perspective, showing the percentage of B.C. graduates from 1987 to1997 in each health personnel group. Massage therapists show the largest jump in proportion ofB.C.graduates, from 40.76% in 1989, the first year these data were available, to 68.27% in 1997. Alsoshowing a general upward trend in percentage of B.C. graduates from 1987 to 1997 are dentists(30.88% to 38.03%), physicians (23.00% to 26.86%), registered nurses (48.89% to 52.38%),occupational therapists (29.11 % to 37.95%) and physical therapists (24.45% to 27.95%). Registeredpsychiatric nurses have shown the strongest overall downward pattern, from 68.31% B.C. graduates in1987 to 61.32% in 1995, although there was a slight increase to 63.12% in 1997. Pharmacists alsoshow an overall downward trend from 79.28% in 1987 to 74.66% in 1997. Certified dental assistantsand licensed practical nurses show an up and down pattern, with a slight overall decrease when lookingat 1987 compared to 1997 for both groups (92.56% versus 91.05% and 68.30% versus 66.96%respectively). Figure 3 is a companion to Table 5, presenting the percentage distribution by place ofgraduation for each of the groups in 1997. The figure has been arranged from lowest (physicians) tohighest (certified dental assistants) proportion of B.C. graduates.The discussion and table on production index (PI) which appeared in previous editions of PLACEOF GRADUATION is not included in PLACE OF GRADUATION 97. The production index (PI) tablewas created from a combination ofHHRU data available from several editions of both ROLLCALL andPRODUCTION. The latter report was a biennial publication which showed the number of studentsgraduating each year from the various health profession education programs in British Columbia. Asthere were no data collected in 1997 on the number of students graduating from the various healthprofession education programs, it was not possible to produce a production index (PI) table with 1997data, so none appears.ixx Figure 1Place of Graduation by HHRU Health Regionfor Selected Health Personnel' in British Columbia19976050=0:I 40=~l:l 30i=.. 20~~100 -1"'-''---'---BHRU Health RegioneVancouver & Districto Capitaln Other B.C.BritishColumbia OtherCanadaPlace of GraduationOtherCountryI Excludes healthpersonnel whoseplaceof graduation is unknown.Figure 2Type of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Selected Health Personnel' in British Columbia19976050I:0:l 40=:9=.!!ll:l 30~SI:~ 20..~100Place of Graduatione BritishColumbiao OtherCanadaEJ OtherCountryNewRegistrantsI Excludes healthpersonnel whoseplace of graduation is unknown.Prepared by:Health Human Resources UnitCentre for Health Services and Pollcy ResearchThe University ofBritishColumbiaAllRegistrantsTable 1Selected Health Personnel1 in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by HHRU Health RegionDecember 1997Vancouverand District CapilaJ Other B.C. TolaJPlace of Graduation Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number PercentCanadian Subtotal 27,284 79.46 6,431 87.93 21,150 89.02 54,865 83.88Newfoundland 206 0.60 44 0.60 157 0.66 407 0.62PrinceEdward Island 30 0.09 10 0.14 26 0.11 66 0.10NovaScotia 519 151 142 1.94 359 1.51 1,020 156NewBrunswick 135 0.39 27 0.37 108 0.45 270 0.41Quebec 994 2.89 177 2.42 399 1.68 1,570 2.40Ontario 3,282 9.56 973 13.30 2,226 9.37 6,481 9.91Manitoba 1,336 3.89 335 4.58 968 4.07 2,639 4.03Saskatchewan 903 2.63 288 3.94 1,231 5.18 2,422 3.70Alberta 2,158 6.28 753 10.30 2,596 10.93 5,507 8.42British Columbia 17,714 5159 3,678 50.29 13,063 54.98 34,455 52.67YukonTerritory 4 0.01 3 0.04 13 0.05 20 0.03Northwest Territories 1 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.01 3 0.00Canada(province unstated) 2 0.01 1 0.01 2 0.01 5 0.01Non-Canadiau Subtotal 6,809 19.83 844 11.54 2,458 10.35 10,111 15.46North & Central America Subtotal 815 2.37 142 1.94 498 2.10 1,455 2.22Barbados 0 0.00 1 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.00Belize 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00 1 0.00Cuba 2 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.00Dominican Republic 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00ElSalvador 4 0.01 0 0.00 3 0.01 7 0.01Grenada 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Guatemala 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Jamaica 22 0.06 3 0.04 6 0.03 31 0.05Mexico 14 0.04 0 0.00 5 0.02 19 0.03St Lucia 1 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00 2 0.00St Vincent 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00TrinidadandTobago 0 0.00 1 0.01 2 0.01 3 0.00United States of America 767 2.23 137 1.87 479 2.02 1,383 2.11N. & Central America (counttyunstated) 1 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00 2 0.00South America Subtotal 46 0.13 7 0.10 7 0.03 60 0.09Argentina 11 0.03 1 0.01 0 0.00 12 0.02Brazil 7 0.02 1 0.01 3 0.01 11 0.02Chile 12 0.03 1 0.01 1 0.00 14 0.02Colombia 7 0.02 0 0.00 1 0.00 8 0.01Ecuador 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Guyana 3 0.01 1 0.01 1 0.00 5 0.01Paraguay 1 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00 2 0.00Peru 3 0.01 2 0.03 0 0.00 5 0.01Uruguay 0 0.00 1 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.00Venezuela 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Europe Subtotal 2,892 8.42 517 7.07 1,309 5.51 4,718 7.21Austria 10 0.03 1 0.01 7 0.03 18 0.03Belgium 10 0.03 1 0.01 4 0.02 15 0.02Bulgaria 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.01 2 0.00Czechoslovakia2 63 0.18 6 0.08 13 0.05 82 0.13Denmark 17 0.05 2 0.03 13 0.05 32 0.05Fmland 10 0.03 0 0.00 2 0.01 12 0.02France 12 0.03 0 0.00 6 0.03 18 0.03_continuedPreparedby:Health Human Resources UnitCentre for Health Seni~ aDd Polley ResearchThe University orBrilisb Columbiaxixii Table l(continued)Selected Health Personnel' in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by HHRU Health RegionDecember 1997Vancouverand District Capital Other B.C. TotalPlace of Graduation Number Percen t Number Percent Number Percent Number PercentGermany 72 0.21 10 0.14 49 0.21 131 0.20Greece 6 0.02 1 0.01 a 0.00 7 amHungary 13 0.04 2 0.03 7 0.03 22 0.03Iceland 1 0.00 a 0.00 a 0.00 1 0.00IrishRepublic (Eire) 130 0.38 16 0.22 75 0.32 221 0.34Italy 9 0.03 1 0.01 I 0.00 11 0.02Kyrgyzstan 3 0.01 a 0.00 a 0.00 3 0.00Latvia 1 0.00 a 0.00 a 0.00 1 0.00Malta 1 0.00 a 0.00 2 am 3 0.00Netherlands 65 0.19 14 0.19 66 0.28 145 0.22Norway 4 0.01 a 0.00 2 0.01 6 0.01Poland 100 0.29 4 0.05 6 0.03 110 0.17Portugal 4 0.01 a 0.00 I 0.00 5 0.01Romania 16 0.05 a 0.00 7 0.03 23 0.04Russia 13 0.04 a 0.00 2 0.01 15 0.02Spain 11 0.03 2 0.03 2 0.01 15 0.02Sweden 29 0.08 1 0.01 10 0.04 40 0.06Switzerland 17 0.05 2 0.03 5 0.02 24 0.04Tajikistan 2 0.01 a 0.00 a 0.00 2 0.00Ukraine 2 0.01 1 0.01 a 0.00 3 0.00United Kingdom 2,241 6.53 450 6.15 1,019 4.29 3,710 5.67Yugoslavia2 29 0.08 3 0.04 8 0.03 40 0.06Croatia 1 0.00 a 0.00 a 0.00 1 0.00AsiaSubtotal 2,327 6.78 81 1.11 200 0.84 2,608 3.99Afghanistan 3 0.01 a 0.00 a 0.00 3 0.00Bangladesh 2 0.01 a 0.00 a 0.00 2 0.00China 18 0.05 2 0.03 2 0.01 22 0.03HongKong 679 1.98 7 0.10 11 0.05 697 1.07India 180 0.52 12 0.16 53 0.22 245 0.37Indonesia 2 0.01 a 0.00 a 0.00 2 0.00Iran 46 0.13 5 0.07 5 0.02 56 0.09Iraq 4 0.01 a 0.00 1 0.00 5 0.01israel 12 0.03 1 0.01 a 0.00 13 0.02Japan 25 0.07 4 0.05 1 0.00 30 0.05Jordan 1 0.00 a 0.00 a 0.00 1 0.00Korea(Northor Southunspecified) 3 0.01 a 0.00 a 0.00 3 0.00Kuwait 9 0.Q3 a 0.00 a 0.00 9 0.01Lebanon 5 0.01 a 0.00 1 0.00 6 0.01Macao 1 0.00 a 0.00 a 0.00 1 0.00Malaysia 22 0.06 a 0.00 2 0.01 24 0.04Myanmar 3 0.01 1 0.01 1 0.00 5 amPakistan 24 0.07 1 0.01 1 0.00 26 0.04Philippines 1,069 3.11 42 057 109 0.46 1,220 1.87Republic of Yemen 1 0.00 a 0.00 a 0.00 1 0.00SaudiArabia 44 0.13 1 0.01 a 0.00 45 0.07Singapore 46 0.13 1 0.01 3 0.01 50 0.08SouthKorea 43 0.13 1 0.01 3 0.01 47 0.07Sri Lanka 9 0.03 a 0.00 2 0.01 11 0.02Syria 1 0.00 a 0.00 a 0.00 1 0.00Taiwan 47 0.14 2 0.03 2 am 51 0.08Thailand 8 0.02 1 0.01 1 0.00 10 0.02Turkey 7 0.02 a 0.00 2 0.01 9 0.01United ArabEmirates 3 0.01 a 0.00 a 0.00 3 0.00Vietnam 10 0.03 a 0.00 a 0.00 10 0.02•..continuedPreparedby :Health Human Resources UuitCentre for Health Services and Policy ResearchThe Uuiversity of British ColumbiaTable l(continued)Selected Health Personnel1 in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by HHRU Health RegionDecember 1997Vancouverand District Capital Other B.C. TotalPlace of Graduation Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number PercentAfrica Subtotal 330 0.96 40 0.55 252 1.06 622 0.95Algeria I 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.00Egypt 22 0.06 2 0.03 13 0.05 37 0.06Ethiopia 4 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.01Ghana 3 0.01 0 0.00 2 0.01 5 0.01Kenya 14 0.04 0 0.00 2 0.01 16 0.02Libya 5 0.01 0 0.00 1 0.00 6 0.01Mauritius 2 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.00Nigeria 9 0.03 0 0.00 2 0.01 11 0.02SeycheUes 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.00SouthAfrica 245 0.71 3S 0.48 227 0.96 507 0.78Tanzania 0 0.00 1 0.01 0 0.00 I 0.00Uganda 8 0.02 0 0.00 4 0.02 12 0.02zambia 2 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.00Zimbabwe 13 0.04 2 0.03 1 0.00 16 0.02Africa(country unstated) 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.00Oceania Subtotal 399 1.16 57 0.78 192 0.81 648 0.99Australia 241 0.70 32 0.44 113 0.48 386 059Fiji 11 0.03 0 0.00 1 0.00 12 0.02NewZealand 147 0.43 25 0.34 78 0.33 250 0.38Unknown 245 0.71 39 0.53 151 0.64 435 0.67TOTAL 34,338 100.00 7,314 100.00 23,759 100.00 65,411 100.00I Includes CertifiedDental Assistants. Denta1 Hygienists, Dentists.Licensed Practical NUIScs. Registered Nunes. RegisteredPsychiatric Nurses.Massage Therapists. Occupational Therapists. Physical Therapists. Pharmacists, Psychologists. Physicians andDietitianslNuuitionists.Z Former countrynames areused when theHHRU lacks sufficient data to place graduates using newnames andboundaries.Prtparedby:Health Human Resources UDitCeDln for Health Services and PoUeyResurchThe UDinrsity of British Colombiaxiiixiv Table 2Selected Health Personnel' in British ColumbiaNew Registrantsby Place of Graduation by HHRU Health RegionDecember 1997Vancouverand District Capital Other B.C. TotalPlace of Graduation Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number PercentCanadian Subtotal 2,288 81.83 432 90.76 1,651 91.22 4,371 86.01Newfoundland 19 0.68 8 1.68 24 133 51 1.00PrinceEdwardIsland I 0.04 0 0.00 1 0.06 2 0.04NovaScotia 45 1.61 21 4.41 34 1.88 100 1.97NewBrunswick 3 0.11 I 0.21 9 0.50 13 0.26Quebec 67 2.40 13 2.73 31 1.71 111 2.18Ontario 295 10.55 81 17.02 181 10.00 557 10.96Manitoba 70 2.50 24 5.04 74 4.09 168 3.31Saskatchewan 38 1.36 14 2.94 88 4.86 140 2.75Alberta 124 4.43 40 8.40 199 10.99 363 7.14BritishColumbia 1.626 58.15 229 48.11 1.007 55.64 2.862 56.32YukonTenitory 0 0.00 1 0.21 3 0.17 4 0.08Non-Canadian Subtotal 483 17.27 44 9.24 150 8.29 677 13.32North & Central America Subtotal 75 2.68 13 2.73 27 1.49 115 2.26Cuba 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02EISalvador 3 0.11 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.06Mexico 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02St Lucia 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02United Statesof America 69 2.47 13 2.73 27 1.49 109 2.14South America Subtotal 6 0.21 0 0.00 2 0.11 8 0.16Argentina 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Brazil 2 0.07 0 0.00 2 0.11 4 0.08Chile 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Colombia 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Venezuela 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Europe Subtotal III 3.97 20 4.20 55 3.04 186 3.66Belgium 1 0.04 1 0.21 1 0.06 3 0.06Czechoslovakia2 5 0.18 1 0.21 1 0.06 7 0.14Denmark 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06 1 0.02F'mland 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02France 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06 1 0.02Germany 6 0.21 0 0.00 4 0.22 10 0.20Hungary 2 0.07 1 0.21 0 0.00 3 0.06Irish Republic(Eire) 3 0.11 0 0.00 2 0.11 5 0.10Italy 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Kyrgy7Stan 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Netherlands 1 0.04 1 0.21 3 0.17 5 0.10Poland 24 0.86 0 0.00 0 0.00 24 0.47Portugal 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Romania 6 0.21 0 0.00 1 0.06 7 0.14Russia 2 0.07 0 0.00 2 0.11 4 0.08Spain 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.02Switzerland 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06 1 0.02United Kingdom 49 1.75 15 3.15 35 1.93 99 1.95Yugoslavia2 7 0.25 1 0.21 3 0.17 11 0.22._continuedPreparedby:Health HUmaDResources UullCentre for Health Senices aDd PoW:yResearchThe UuiTersity orBrilish ColumbiaTable 2(continued)Selected Health Personnel1 in British ColumbiaNew Registrantsby Place of Graduation by lllIRU Health RegionDecember 1997Vancouverand District Capital Other B.C. TotalPlace of Graduation Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number PercentAsia Subtotal 250 8.94 2 0.42 11 0.61 263 5.18Afghanistan 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Bangladesh 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02China 2 0.07 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.04HongKong 52 1.86 1 0.21 0 0.00 53 1.04India 27 0.97 0 0.00 6 0.33 33 0.65Iran 17 0.61 0 0.00 1 0.06 18 0.35Israel 2 0.07 1 0.21 0 0.00 3 0.06Japan 3 0.11 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.06Korea(Northor Southunspecified) 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Myanmar 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Pakistan 4 0.14 0 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.08Philippines 133 4.76 0 0.00 3 0.17 136 2.68Singapore 1 0.04 0 0.00 1 0.06 2 0.04SouthKorea 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Taiwan 3 0.11 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.06Thailand 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Africa Subtotal 22 0.79 5 1.05 47 2.60 74 1.46Algeria 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Egypt 4 0.14 0 0.00 4 0.22 8 0.16Ethiopia 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Nigeria 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Seychelles 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02SouthAfrica 13 0.46 4 0.84 43 2.38 60 1.18Tanzania 0 0.00 1 0.21 0 0.00 1 0.02Africa(COUDtty unstated) 1 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Oceania Subtotal 19 0.68 4 0.84 8 0.44 31 0.61Australia 14 050 2 0.42 8 0.44 24 0.47NewZealand 5 0.18 2 0.42 0 0.00 7 0.14Unknown 25 0.89 0 0.00 9 0.50 34 0.67TOTAL 2,796 100.00 476 100.00 1,810 100.00 5,082 100.00I Includes Certified DenIal Assistants. Dental Hygienists, Dentists. Licensed Practical Nwscs. Registered Nurses, Massage Thezapists. Occupational Thezapists,Physical Therapists, Pharmacists, Psychologists and Physicians. Registered Psychiauic Nwscs andRegistered Dietitians andNutritionists areexcluded.1 Former COUDny names areusedwhen theHHRU lacks sufficient data toplace graduatesusing newnames andboundaries.Prtpar~d by :Health HlIIIWI ResoDrces UnitCentre for Health Services :and Polley Researchlbe University of British ColDmbiaxvTable 3Selected Health Personnel' in British Columbiaby Health Region by Place of Graduation1997Place of GraduationHealth Regionx~.I East Kootenay2 West Kootenay - Boundary3 North Okanagan4 South Okanagan - Similkameen5 Thompson6 Fraser Valley7 South Fraser Valley8 Simon Fraser9 Coast Garibaldi10 Central Vancouver IslandII Upper Island/Central Coast12 Cariboo13 North West14 Peace Liard15 Northern Interior16 Vancouver17 Burnaby18 North Shore19 Richmond20 CapitalTOTAL5048859851.9521.2351,5993.4043.4275231.9559105645682721.1117,2551.2631,4379283.67834,45544 .0660.3755.8751.0960.0154.3555.1557.7156.0057.4353.5364.1649.1339.8261.4247.6253.7751.3250.3350.2952,6723513624752721422740832064335139561251411509641401991277535,50720.549.2814.0113.7910.407.726.615.396.859.848.186.3710.8120.648.296.335.967.116.8910.308.4213575180505179319496401522501436389821278671401861496235,06111.805.1210.2113.228.7010.848.046.755.577.348.417.177.7012.017.025.695.966.648.088.527.7411314112734918127051939212335119374132481241,7301873221329736,4819.889.627.209.138.799.188.416.6013.1710.3111.358.4211.427.036.8511.367.9611.507.1613.309.91435857142721372682485613412026834791977128176944043,3613.76 1.0303.96 1.2953.23 1.5963.72 3,4753.50 1.8814.66 2.5524.34 5.0954.18 4.7886.00 8183.94 3.0257.06 1,5052.96 7837.18 9976.88 5905.03 1.6036.41 11.7935.45 1,8586.29 2,3205.10 1,4305.52 6,4315.14 54,86590.0388.3490.5390.9491.4086.7482.5580.6387.5888.8788.5389.0886.2586.3888.6177.4179.1082.8677.5587.9383.881081641533251603651,0351.08411336018592149881963,35046346940884410,1119.4411.198.688.517.7712.4116.7718.2612.1010.5810.8810.4712.8912.8810.8321.9919.7116.7522.1311.5415.4667142117254266319104105109228II6394350.52 1.1440.48 1.4660.79 1.7630.55 3.8210.83 2.0580.85 2,9420.68 6,1721.11 5,9380.32 9340.56 3,4040.59 1,7000.46 8790.87 1.1560.73 6830.55 1,8090.60 15,2351.19 2,3490.39 2,8000.33 1,8440.53 7.3140.67 65,411100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100.00100,00I IncludesCertifiedDentalAssistants, DentalHygienists, Dentists, LicensedPractical Nurses.Registered Nurses,Registered Psychiatric Nurses, Manage Therapists.Occupational Therapists, Physical Therapists, Pharmacists,Physicians, Psychologists, and Registered DielilianslNutritionisls.Prepared by:Health Human Resources UnitCentre CorHealth Services and Polley ResearchThe Untver slty of British ColumbiaTable 4Selected Health Personnel! in British ColumbiaNew Registrantsby Health Region by Place of Graduation1997Place of GraduationSaskatchewan &B.C. Alberta Manitoba Ontario Other Canada Canada Subtotal Other Country Unknown TOTALHealth Region __N_~ __N__'lI>____N__'lI>____N_ -L __N__'lI>____N_ -L __N_ -L __N___'lI>___N___%_I East Kootenay 58 53.70 26 24.07 12 11.11 4 3.70 3 2.78 103 95.37 5 4.63 0 0.00 108 100.002 West Kootenay - Boundary 42 51.85 8 9.88 8 9.88 II 13.58 8 9.88 77 95.06 4 4.94 0 0.00 81 100.003 North Okanagan 67 65.69 9 8.82 II 10.78 8 7.84 2 1.96 97 95.10 5 4.90 0 0.00 102 100.004 South Okanagan - Similkameen 140 50.54 37 13.36 39 14.08 35 12.64 7 2.53 258 93.14 18 6.50 I 0.36 277 100.005 Thompson 80 62.50 II 8.59 14 10.94 12 9.38 2 1.56 119 92.97 9 7.03 0 0.00 128 100.006 Fraser Valley 142 59.92 20 8.44 9 3.80 25 10.55 13 5.49 209 88.19 27 11.39 I 0.42 237 100.007 South Fraser Valley 319 59.07 23 4.26 28 5.19 54 10.00 23 4.26 447 82.78 87 16.11 6 1.11 540 100.008 Simon Fraser 295 67.97 16 3.69 14 3.23 35 8.06 19 4.38 379 87.33 54 12.44 I 0.23 434 100.009 Coast Garibaldi 34 50.75 3 4.48 8 11.94 10 14.93 2 2.99 57 85.07 10 14.93 0 0.00 67 100.0010 Central Vancouver Island 139 60.96 25 10.96 17 7.46 23 10.09 9 3.95 213 93.42 12 5.26 3 1.32 228 100.00II Upper Island/Central Coast 47 40.17 II 9.40 13 11.11 19 16.24 14 11.97 104 88.89 13 11.11 0 0.00 117 100.0012 Cariboo 59 73.75 2 2.50 6 7.50 5 6.25 3 3.75 75 93.75 5 6.25 0 0.00 80 100.0013 North West 63 50.40 20 16.00 3 2.40 II 8.80 13 10.40 110 88.00 14 11.20 I 0.80 125 100.0014 Peace Lined 22 28.57 14 18.18 II 14.29 4 5.19 13 16.88 64 83.12 II 14.29 2 2.60 77 100.0015 Northern Interior 114 62.30 13 7.10 II 6.01 14 7.65 13 7.10 165 90.16 17 9.29 I 0.55 183 100.0016 Vancouver 667 55.63 56 4.67 46 3.84 149 12.43 72 6.01 990 82.57 198 16.51 II 0.92 1,199 100.0017 Burnaby 124 55.61 II 4.93 8 3.59 25 11.21 6 2.69 174 78.03 46 20.63 3 1.35 223 100.0018 North Shore 113 51.36 9 4.09 6 2.73 21 9.55 13 5.91 162 73.64 56 25.45 2 0.91 220 100.0019 Richmond 108 60.00 9 5.00 6 3.33 II 6.11 2 1.11 136 75.56 42 23.33 2 1.11 180 100.0020 Capital 229 48.11 40 8.40 38 7.98 81 17.02 44 9.24 432 90.76 44 9.24 0 0.00 476 100.00TOTAL 2,862 56.32 363 7.14 308 6.06 5S7 10.96 281 5.S3 4,371 86.01 677 13.32 34 0.67 5,082 100.00I Includes CertifiedDentalAssislants, Dental Hygienists, Denusts,Licensed PractlcalNurses,Registered Nurses,Registered Psychiatric Nurses,MassageTherapists,Occupational Therapists,Physical Therapists, Pharmacists,Physicians, Psychologists, and RegisteredDietitians!Nulritionists.Prepnrrdby:lIe altb lI uman Resources UnitCentre for lIealtb Services and Policy ResearchTbe University of Brlllsb ColumbIa><-e=:Table 5Total Personnel, Number and Percentage B.C. Graduatesfor Selected Health Personnel in British Columbia1987 to 19971987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997Total B.C. Total B.C. Total B.C. Total B.C. Total B.C. Total B.C.Per· Graduates Per· Graduates Per· Graduates Per- Graduates Per- Graduates Per- Graduatessonnel N % sonnel N % sonnel N % sonnel N % sonnel N % sonnel N %Dental ServicesCertified Dental Assistants 2,997 2,774 92.56 3,482 3,202 91.96 3,845 3,511 91.31 4,067 3,699 90.95 4,352 3,978 91.41 4,803 4,373 91.05Dental Hygienists 665 295 44.36 825 352 42.67 908 431 47.47 1,227 532 43.36 1,433 636 44.38 1,594 739 46.36Dentists 1,846 570 30.88 1,905 636 33.39 1,997 706 35.35 2,109 758 35.94 2,233 835 37.39 2,401 913 38.03Medical and Treatment ServicesPharmacists I 2,172 1,722 79,28 2,285 1,822 79.74 2,439 1,912 78.39 2,563 2,011 78,46 2,733 2,097 76.73 2,861 2,136 74.66Physicians I 6,656 1,531 23.00 7,093 1,710 24.11 7,596 1,892 24.91 8,142 2,068 25,40 8,416 2,180 25.90 8,636 2,320 26.86Nursing ServicesLicensedPractical Nurses 5,934 4,053 68.30 6,080 4,134 67.99 6,168 4,044 65.56 5,970 3,920 65.66 5,673 3,719 65.56 5,252 3,517 66.96Registered Nurses 25,838 12,633 48.89 27,451 13,568 49.43 29,266 14,474 49.46 30,486 15,285 50.14 30,952 15,803 51.06 31,099 16,290 52.38Registered Psychiatric Nurses 2,452 1,675 68.31 2,517 1,665 66.15 2,607 1,618 62.06 2,675 1,634 61.08 2.68 1 1,644 61.32 2,565 1.619 63.12Nutrition and Dietary ServicesDietitiansand Nutritionists - - - - - . 616 294 47.73 705 331 46.95 759 358 47.17 782 377 48.21PsychologicalServicesPsychologists 705 254 36.03 708 269 37.99 744 278 37.37 783 299 38.19 834 3 14 37.65 886 348 39.28Rehabilitation ServicesMassage Therapists- -. 476 194 40.76 625 311 49.76 769 437 56.83 937 570 60.83 1,185 809 68.27Occupational Therapists 426 124 29.11 431 135 31.32 623 208 33.39 708 245 34.60 829 310 37.39 880 334 37.95PhysicalTherapists 1493 365 24.45 1,549 397 25.63 1,862 458 24.60 1,987 516 25.97 2,182 602 27.59 2,333 652 27.95Total 51.184 25,996 50.79 54,802 28,084 51.25 59,296 30,137 50.82 62,191 31,735 51.03 64,014 33,046 51.62 65,277 34,427 52.74I Figuresfor 1993 may differ slightlyfromlite correspondingfigures appearing in PLACE OF GRADUAnON 93becauseof dataprocessing errorsin 1993.Prepared by:Health Human Resources UnitCentr e for Healt h Services and Policy ResearchThe UniversityofBrllish Columbia><5:Figure 3Percentage Distribution of Selected Health Groups in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation1997PhysiciansPhysicalTherapistsOccupationalTherapistsDentistsCl. Psychologists::leo DentalHygienistsGlsDietitiansand Nubitionists0~Gl~Registered Nurses-:l11==RegisteredPsychiabic NursesLicensedPracticalNursesMassageTherapistsPharmacistsCertifiedDentalAssistants.f=0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%Place ofGraduationl1li Unknowno Other Country• Other CanadaI!lB.C.Preparedby:Health Human Resources UnitCentre for HealthServices and Policy ResearchThe University of British ColumbiaPercentage Distribution~.XI Dental Services12Certified Dental AssistantsDefinition: Certified Dental Assistants (Level II Dental Auxiliaries) register with the Collegeof Dental Surgeons of British Columbia (CDSBC) with either active or non­practising status.' (See ROLLCALL 97 for a detailed definition of this group.)Those included in this report had British Columbia addresses at the date of record.Registration with the CDSBC does not necessarily imply employment as a dentalassistant. Data presented in the tables are based on home address for the majorityof certified dental assistants. Precise percentages of home versus employment orother address are not known.Date of Record: December 1997.Source of Data: College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia (CDSBC).Discussion:Figure 1 and Table 1 show the location of certified dental assistants (CDA's) by place ofgraduation. Table 2 presents this same information for new registrants (registrants to the CDSBCbetween Apri11997 and December 1997)2, and Figure 2 compares new registrants by place ofgraduation with the total registration group. Figure 1 indicates that the vast majority of CDA's aretrained in British Columbia. Figure 2 shows a fairly equal representation of graduates from B.C., but aslightly lower proportion of Other Canada graduates and Other Country graduates among the newregistrants compared to the total group.Tables 1 and 2 show the CDA's by specific province or country of graduation; 91.05% of the totalregistration group graduated in B.C., 4.77% in the remainder of Canada, and 4.18% in other countries.The new registrants show a similar distribution, with B.C. graduates making up 93.01 %, otherCanadian graduates 3.68% and graduates from other countries 3.31%. In both Table 1 and Table 2,graduates from the U.S. account for the majority of foreign graduates (3.35% and 2.57% respectively).Most non-B.C. Canadian graduates come from the prairie provinces, and most of those from Alberta,although Alberta's advantage decreases when looking only at the new registrants (3.52% of the totalgroup vs. 2.57% of new registrants). Looking across the three broad areas of the province, there aresome differences in distribution by place of graduation. The largest proportion of B.C. graduates in thetotal group occurs in Capital (95.33%, compared to 91.84% in Other B.C. and 89.27% in Vancouverand District), while the largest proportion ofB.C. graduates in the new registrants occurs in Other B.C.(94.26%, compared to 92.31% in Capital and 91.94% in Vancouver and District). In Vancouver andDistrict, non-Canadian graduates are 6.28% of the total group and 6.45% of the new registrants. Incontrast, non-Canadian graduates are only 0.89% of the total group and 0.00% of the new registrants inCapital, and 2.91% of the total group and 0.82% of the new registrants in Other B.C.1 The Dentists Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, Chapter 94 mandates registration and licensure with the College of Dental Surgeons ofBritish Columbia (COSBC) in order to practise as a certified dental assistant in B.C.2 New registration categories were introduced for COA's in 1996. They can now register with the COSBC as either activeor non-practising on an annual basis. Because of the introduction of the new categories , comparable data are notavailable for 1995, so data on new registrants are based on comparisons of data from ROLLCALL UPDATE 96 (April1997) and data from ROLLCAU 97 (December 1997).Table 3 expands the information provided in Tables 1 and 2, disaggregating locationinto healthregions; graduates from the NorthwestTerritories and provinceseast of Ontario are aggregated into thecategory "OtherCanada", and foreigngraduates are aggregated into the category "Other Country" inthis table. Representation of B.C.-graduated CDA'sin the health regionsranges from highs of over97% in CentralVancouverIsland (97.09%) to lows of 85% in West Kootenay-Boundary (85.05%).While the numberof COA'sin the NorthWest Region is relativelysmall (101), thisregion has thehighestpercentage of CDA graduates from other countries (10.89%). This percentageis well abovetheprovincialaverage at 4.18%.Table 4 uses the same format as in Table 3, but this time presenting the averagenumber of yearssincegraduation for COA's. Saskatchewan & Manitoba graduateshave the highest averageyears sincegraduation at 14.13 years, thoughprovince-wide totals indicate that there are only forty-eightCOA'scontributing to this mean; OtherCountry graduates showthe lowestmean at 9.18 years, followed byB.C. graduatesat 10.14years. The B.C. graduatesshowa small amountof variation within theindividual healthregions in meanyears since graduation, where the range is from 7.98 years in NorthWest to 12.16years in Upper Island/Central Coast. There is slightlyless variation when lookingat the"Total" column,where the range is from 8.51 years in Fraser Valley to 12.19years in Coast Garibaldi.Tables showing mean years since first registration in B.C. and mean age for COA's are notpublishedas theydo not offer a great deal of additional information about this group. The tables havebeen produced, however, and are available on request.341009080I:C 70::=.t:J 60~is 50..bIlS 40I:..u.. 30It20100Figure 1Place of Graduation by HHRU Health Regionfor Certified Dental Assistants! in British ColumbiaDecember 1997HHRU Health RegionoVancouver& Districto CapitalBOther B.C.BritishColumbia OtherCanadaPlace of GraduationOtherCountryI Includes Activeand Non-Practising CDA's. Excludes CDA's whoseplaceof graduation is unknown.Figure 2Type of Registrants by Place of Graduationfor Certified Dental Assistants! in British ColumbiaDecember 19971009080I: 70e::=.t:J 60"t:~ 50..bIlS 40I:..u.. 30It20100Place of Graduationo BritishColumbiao OtherCanada8 OtherCountryNew Registrants All Registrants1 Includes Activeand Non-Practising CDA's. Excludes CDA's whoseplaceof graduation is unknown.Preparedby:HealthHumanResources UnitCentre for HealthServices and PolicyResearchThe University ofBritish ColumbiaTable 1Certified Dental Assistants' in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by IDIRU Health RegionDecember 1997Vancouverand District Capital Other B.C. TotalPlace of Graduation Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number PercentCanadian Subtotal 1,956 93.72 446 99.11 2,200 97.09 4,602 95.82NovaScotia 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02NewBrunswick 2 0.10 0 0.00 2 0.09 4 0.08Quebec 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 1 0.02Ontario 2 0.10 0 0.00 2 0.09 4 0.08Manitoba 10 0.48 3 0.67 8 0.35 21 0.44Saskatchewan 9 0.43 2 0.44 16 0.71 27 0.56Alberta 68 3.26 12 2.67 89 3.93 169 3.52BritishColumbia 1,863 89.27 429 95.33 2,081 91.84 4,373 91.05Northwest Territories 1 0.05 0 0.00 1 0.04 2 0.04Non-Canadian Subtotal 131 6.28 4 0.89 66 2.91 201 4.18North & Central America Subtotal 94 4.50 4 0.89 64 2.82 162 3.37Mexico 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 I 0.02United Statesof America 93 4.46 4 0.89 64 2.82 161 3.35South America Subtotal 2 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.04Argentina 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Ecuador 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Europe Subtotal 6 0.29 0 0.00 2 0.09 8 0.17Germany 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.04 1 0.02Hungary 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Sweden 2 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.04UnitedKingCfom 3 0.14 0 0.00 1 0.04 4 0.08Asia Subtotal 26 1.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 26 0.54HongKong 12 0.57 0 0.00 0 0.00 12 0.25India 2 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.04Philippines 11 0.53 0 0.00 0 0.00 11 0.23Sri Lanka 1 0.05 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.02Oceania Subtotal 3 0.14 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.06NewZea1and 3 0.14 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.06TOTAL 2,087 100.00 450 100.00 2,2~ 100.00 4,803 100.00I Includes ActiveandNoe-Practising COA's.Prepared by :Health Homan ResoOfCes VaitCentre tOfHealth Services and Policy Research'lbe University ot British Colombia56 Table 2Certified Dental Assistants' in British ColumbiaNew Reglstrante''by Place of Graduation by HHRU Health RegionDecember 1997Vancouverand District Capital Other B.C. TotalPlaceofGraduation Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number PercentCanadian Subtotal 116 93.55 26 100.00 121 99.18 263 96.69Manitoba 1 0.81 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.37Saskatchewan 0 0.00 1 3.85 1 0.82 2 0.74Alberta 1 0.81 1 3.85 5 4.10 7 2.57British Columbia 114 91.94 24 92.31 115 94.26 253 93.01Non-Canadian Subtotal 8 6.45 0 0.00 1 0.82 9 3.31North & Central America Subtotal 6 4.84 0 0.00 1 0.82 7 257United States of America 6 4.84 0 0.00 1 0.82 7 2.57Asia Subtotal 2 1.61 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 0.74India 1 0.81 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.37Philippines 1 0.81 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.37TOTAL 124 100.00 26 100.00 122 100.00 272 100.001 Includes Active andNon-Practising COA's.Z COA's who reponed B.C. addressesandwere registered inDecember 1997 andwhose date of initial registration was afterApril 1997.Preparedby :Health Human Resources UnitCentre for Health Services and Policy ResearchThe Uuiversil)' or British ColumbiaTable 3Certified Dental Assistants' in British Columbiaby Health Region by Place of Graduation'December 1997Place of GraduationSaskatchewan &B.C. Alberta Manitoba Ontario Other Canada Canada Subtotal Other Country TOTALHealth Region __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_~1 East Kootenay 89 88.12 7 6.93 2 1.98 0 0.00 0 0.00 98 97.03 3 2.97 101 100.002 West Kootenay - Boundary 91 85.05 7 6.54 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 98 91.59 9 8.41 107 100.003 North Okanagan 133 89.86 8 5.41 2 1.35 0 0.00 0 0.00 143 96.62 5 3.38 148 100.004 South Okanagan - Similkameen 280 89.17 16 5.10 8 2.55 0 0.00 0 0.00 304 96.82 10 3.18 314 100.005 Thompson 149 89.76 13 7.83 1 0.60 0 0.00 0 0.00 163 98.19 3 1.81 166 100.006 Fraser ValIey 313 92.60 5 1.48 3 0.89 0 0.00 1 0.30 322 95.27 16 4.73 338 100.007 South Fraser Valley 606 86.57 21 3.00 9 1.29 0 0.00 1 0.14 637 91.00 63 9.00 700 100.008 Simon Fraser 440 91.29 19 3.94 3 0.62 0 0.00 0 0.00 462 95.85 20 4.15 482 100.009 Coast Garibaldi 71 91.03 2 2.56 2 2.56 1 1.28 1 1.28 77 98.72 1 1.28 78 100.0010 Central Vancouver Island 367 97.09 10 2.65 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 377 99.74 1 0.26 378 100.0011 Upper Island/Central Coast 169 90.86 10 5.38 3 1.61 0 0.00 1 0.54 183 98.39 3 1.61 186 100.0012 Cariboo 80 96.39 1 1.20 1 1.20 0 0.00 0 0.00 82 98.80 1 1.20 83 100.0013 North West 87 86.14 2 1.98 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.99 90 89.11 11 10.89 101 100.0014 Peace Liard 53 89.83 5 8.47 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 58 98.31 1 1.69 59 100.0015 Northern Interior 199 96.14 3 1.45 2 0.97 1 0.48 0 0.00 205 99.03 2 0.97 207 100.0016 Vancouver 358 91.S6 12 3.07 3 0.77 0 0.00 1 0.26 374 95.65 17 4.35 391 100.0017 Burnaby 150 89.29 4 2.38 2 1.19 1 0.60 2 1.19 159 94.64 9 5.36 168 100.0018 North Shore 159 92.44 5 2.91 1 0.58 1 0.58 0 0.00 166 96.51 6 3.49 172 100.0019 Richmond 150 86.21 7 4.02 1 0.57 0 0.00 0 0.00 158 90.80 16 9.20 174 100.0020 Capital 429 95.33 12 2.67 5 1.11 0 0.00 0 0.00 446 99.11 4 0.89 450 100.00TOTAL 4,373 91.05 169 3.52 48 1.00 4 0.08 8 0.17 4,602 95.82 201 4.18 4,803 100.00I Includes Active and Non-Practisi ng COA's.I There are no COA's withmissingplace of graduati on information.Pr<partd 6y."eallh lIuman RO.OUlU.VnllConlre ror lleallh So",lce. and Polley RuearchThe Vnlvtnlly or DrlU.h Colun.bla-..JTable 4Mean Years since Graduation for Certified Dental Assistants' in British Columbiaby Health Region by Place of Graduation'December 1997Place of Graduation00Health Region1 East Kootenay2 West Kootenay - Boundary3 North Okanagan4 South Okanagan - Similkameen5 Thompson6 Fraser Valley7 South Fraser Valley8 Simon Fraser9 Coast Garibaldi10 Central Vancouver Island11 Upper Island/Central Coast12 Cariboo13 North West14 Peace Liard15 Northern Interior16 Vancouver17 Burnaby18 North Shore19 Richmond20 CapitalTOTAL8991133280149313606440713671698087531993581501591504294,3738.4010.3710.8610.1010.498.4011.1610.2811.87to.i 112.1610.097.9810.6410.708.8510.2311.699.909.4910.14778161352119210101253124571216913.8614.7113.5014.0613.7715.2013.4312.95•12.1011.20••10.4011.0011.2511.7513.2014.4313.4213.032o2813932o31oo23211548•••18.88•16.3315.897.33••4.33••••16.00•••15.0014.13oooooooo1ooooo1o11oo4••••••••••••••••••••14.00ooooo11o1o1o1oo12ooo8• 98• 98• 143• 304• 163• 322• 637• 462• 77• 377• 183• 82• 90• 58• 205• 374• 159• 166• 158• 44613.25 4,6028.8710.6811.0610.5410.728.6111.3210.37121610.1711.9510.078.1310.6210.779.0210.2111.69lo.I59.6510.3039510316632011311112179616420112.67 1019.44 10712.80 1487.90 3149.67 1666.38 3386.17 7009.70 482• 78• 37817.67 186• 831291 101• 59• 2079.65 3916.78 16811.17 17216.81 1741250 4509.18 4,8038.9810.5811.1110.4510.708.5110.8510.34121910.19120410.018.6510.6810.719.0510.0311.6710.769.6810.251 Includes Active andNon-Practising COA's.1 Thereareno COA'swithmissing placeof graduation information.• Indicates that the baseforthemeanis lessthan3.Prepared by:Health Human Resources UnllCentre for Hrallh Services and Policy ResrarchThe Unlverslly of Hrlllsh Columbia910Dental HygienistsDefinition: Dental hygienists (Level ill Dental Auxiliaries) register with the College ofDentalHygienists of British Columbia (CDHBC) with eitherjUll, conditional, or non­practising status.' Those included in this report were registered with the CDHBCand had a British Columbia address at the date of record. (See ROLLCALL 97 fora detailed definition of this group.) The conditionally licensed category in thetables includes dental public health hygienists and conditionally licensed hygienistswho are qualified to practise as dental hygienists, except that they are notauthorised to administer local anaesthesia (formerly dental hygienists on permit).Registration with the CDHBC does not necessarily imply employment in dentalhygiene. Data presented in the tables are based on home address for the majority ofdental hygienists. Precise percentages of home versus employment or other addressare not known.DateofRecord: December 1997.Sourceof Data: College of Dental Hygienists of British Columbia (CDHBC).Discussion:Figure 1 illustrates the location of dental hygienists in B.C. by place of graduation for all hygienists.Table 1 shows the location of dental hygienists in B.C. by place of graduation for full and conditionallylicensed dental hygienists. Table 2 shows this same information for new registrants (registrants to theCDHBC between April 1996 and December 1997), and Figure 2 compares new registrants by place ofgraduation with the total (full and conditionally) registered group. Figure 1 shows that the majority ofhygienists are trained in either British Columbia or Other Canada. Vancouver and District and OtherB.C. have similar proportions of B.C. graduates and Other Canada graduates, but the Capital regionshows a higher proportion ofRC. graduates than Other Canada graduates (52.79% versus 43.66%).Figure 2 shows that almost the same proportions of hygienists are trained in British Columbia and OtherCanada in the new registrant group and the total (full and conditionally) registered group. Theproportions of Other Country graduates however, differ between the two groups. The total (full andconditionally) registered group has more than twice the proportion of Other Country graduates than thenew registrant group (9.66% versus 4.33%). In both the total group and the new registrants, U.S.graduates account for the vast majority of foreign-trained dental hygienists; 8.28% of the total groupand 3.46% of the new registrants.The distribution of Canadian-trained and foreign-trained dental hygienists across the three broadareas of the province shows quite a bit of variance in both Table 1 and Table 2. Table 1 indicates thatgraduates of Alberta programs are more likely to locate in Other B.C. than in Capital or Vancouver andDistrict: 14.22% of dental hygienists in Other B.C. are graduates of Alberta programs, compared to9.00% in Vancouver and District and 8.63% in Capital. In contrast, graduates of Quebec programsaccount for 5.53% of dental hygienists in Vancouver and District. but only 2.54% in Capital and 2.91%in Other B.C. Graduates ofB.C. programs are more likely to locate in Capital (52.79%) than inVancouver and District (45.50%) or OtherB.C. (45.40%). U.S. graduates account for 9.37% of dental1 The Health Professions Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, Chapter 183 mandates registration with the College of Dental Hygienists ofBritish Columbia (CDHBC) and possession of a full or conditional license in order to practise as a dental hygienist inB.C.hygienists in Other B.C. and 8.87% in Vancouver and District, but only 2.54% in Capital. The newregistrant table (Table 2) indicates that B.C. graduates are more likely to locate in Capital (59.46%)than in Other B.C. (50.62%) or Vancouver and District (46.02%). Graduates from Quebec represent4.33% ofthe new registrant group, but 6.19% of new registrants in Vancouver and District.Comparisons between the two tables should be made with caution, as the numbers in the new registranttable are relatively small.A table showing all hygienists registered with the CDHBC was also produced. However, thedifferences between it and Table 1 were all less than one percent so the table has not been included. Aseparate table for only non-practising hygienists is also not included because of the small number ofdental hygienists in this registration category; in December 1997 the non-practising category includedonly 40 hygienists . These tables are available upon request.Table 3 expands the information provided in Table 1, disaggregating location into health regions;graduates from the provinces east of Ontario are aggregated into the category "Other Canada", andforeign graduates are aggregated into the category "Other Country". The small numbers in some of thehealth regions must be kept in mind when making comparisons. B.C. graduates comprise 46.39% of thetotal population of dental hygienists, but make up far higher proportions than this in the NorthemInterior (81.97%) and Cariboo (72.41 %) Health Regions. East Kootenay shows the smallest proportionof B.c. graduates, with only five of the twenty-seven dental hygienists located there having trained inB.C. Graduates from other countries are 9.73% of the provincial total, but range in representation inthe health regions from 17.86% in Coast Garibaldi to 3.45% in Cariboo.Table 4 uses this same format, this time showing mean years since graduation. Total figures showa higher mean years since graduation for dental hygienists graduating in other countries than thosegraduating in Canada. Among Canadian graduates, the lowest mean years since graduation is for thosetrained in Other Canada (8.73 years), followed by graduates of B.C. institutions (9.00 years). Thehighest mean years since graduation is found for Alberta graduates (14.58 years), which suggests thatdental hygienists in B.C. who are graduates of Alberta institutions tend to be older or that migration ofdental hygienists from Alberta to B.c. has declined in recent years. Looking at the South Fraser ValleyHealth Region, the mean years since graduation for all Canadian places of graduation fall slightly abovethe averages for the province overall. In contrast, in the Simon Fraser Health Region the comparablefigures fall below the provincial means for all Canadian places of graduation.Table 5 presents mean years since first registration in B.C. for dental hygienists by health regionand by place of graduation. Alberta graduates show the highest mean, at 11.71 years, and OtherCanada graduates the lowest at 6.73 years. B.C. graduates registered, on average, 8.94 years ago, butthe range in the individual health regions is from 4.00 years in West Kootenay-Boundary to 14.67 yearsin Coast Garibaldi. For the province as a whole, the range goes from 4.35 years in North West to 14.00years in Coast Garibaldi.Table 6 presents mean age by health region and by place of graduation. Among Canadiangraduates, Alberta graduates have the highest mean age, at 38.55 years, and Other Canada graduatesthe lowest at 33.70 years. B.c. graduates, with an average age of 35.50 years, again show a fairly widedifference among the health regions, from 30.29 years in Peace Liard to 41.00 years in Coast Garibaldi.In the province as a whole, the North West and Peace Liard Health Regions show the youngest averageage for dental hygienists (32.03 and 32.25 years respectively) and Coast Garibaldi has the oldestaverage age (39.78 years).1112Fi ure 1Place of Graduation by IDIRU Health Regionfor Dental Hygienists' in British ColumbiaDecember 1997HHRU Health Region[J Vancouver & Districto CapitalBOther B.C.BritishColumbia OtherCanada OtherCountryPlace of Graduation1 Includes Fully Licensed, Conditioaally Licensed andNon-Practising hygienists.Excludes hygienists whoseplaceof graduationis unknown.Figure 2Type ofRegistrants by Place of Graduationfor Dental Hygienists (Full and Conditional Licenses)'in British ColumbiaDecember 1997504540= 35e1i,l:l 30].l!ll:l 25..bllCIS 20=..~ 15..l:l.1050Place oCGraduation[J BritishColumbiao OtherCanada8 OtherCountryNewRegistrants All Registrants1 ExcludesNon-Practising hygienists. Excludeshygienists whoseplace of graduationis unknown.Prepared by:HealthHuman Resources UnitCentreforHealth Services and Policy ResearchThe University of British ColumbiaTable 1Dental Hygienists (Full and Conditional Licenses)l,2in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation by lllIRU Health RegionDecember 1997VancouverandD1strict Capital Other B.C. TotalPlace of Graduation Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number PercentCanadian Subtotal 696 89.46 190 96.45 554 89.50 1,440 90.34NovaScotia 31 3.98 7 3.55 25 4.04 63 3.95Quebec 43 5.53 5 2.54 18 2.91 66 4.14Ontario 127 16.32 36 18.27 83 13.41 246 15.43Manitoba 48 6.17 10 5.08 28 4.52 86 5.40Saskatchewan 23 2.96 11 5.58 31 5.01 65 4.08Alberta 70 9.00 17 8.63 88 14.22 175 10.98British Columbia 354 45.50 104 52.79 281 45.40 739 46.36Non-Canadian Subtotal 82 10.54 7 3.55 6S 10.50 154 9.66North & Central America Subtotal 71 9.13 5 2.54 59 9.53 135 8.47Mexico 2 0.26 0 0.00 1 0.16 3 0.19United Statesof America 69 8.87 5 2.54 58 9.37 132 8.28Europe Subtotal 7 0.90 2 1.02 6 0.97 15 0.94France 1 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06Romania 1 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06Switzerland 1 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06Tajikistan 1 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06United Kingdom 3 0.39 2 1.02 6 0.97 11 0.69Asia Subtotal 1 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06HongKong 1 0.13 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.06Africa Subtotal 3 0.39 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.19SouthAfrica 3 0.39 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.19TOTAL 778 100.00 197 100.00 619 100.00 1,594 100.00I Excludes Non-Practisingdentalhygienists.~ Excludes 12dental hygienists with unknown location.Prepared by:Health HUIII3II Resources UallCeatre Cor Health Services aDd Policy ResearchThe Ualversity oCBritish Cotombia1314 Table 2Dental Hygienists (Full and Conditional Licenses)' in British ColumbiaNew Registrants'by Place of Graduation by HHRU Health RegionDecember 1997Vancouverand District Capital Other B.C. TotalPlace of Graduation Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number PercentCanadian Subtotal lOS 95.58 37 100.00 76 93.83 221 95.67NovaScotia 5 4.42 3 8.11 2 2.47 10 4.33Quebec 7 6.19 0 0.00 3 3.70 10 4.33Ontario 31 27.43 9 24.32 13 16.05 53 22.94Manitoba 6 5.31 1 2.70 4 4.94 11 4.76Saskatchewan 1 0.88 0 0.00 4 4.94 5 2.16Alberta 6 5.31 2 5.41 9 11.11 17 7.36British Columbia 52 46.02 22 59.46 41 50.62 115 49.78Non-Canadian Subtotal 5 4.42 0 0.00 5 6.17 10 4.33North & Central America Subtotal 3 2.65 0 0.00 5 6.17 8 3.46United Statesof America 3 2.65 0 0.00 5 6.17 8 3.46Europe Subtotal 1 0.88 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.43United Kingdom 1 0.88 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.43Asia Subtotal 1 0.88 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.43HongKong 1 0.88 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 0.43TOTAL 113 100.00 37 100.00 81 100.00 231 100.00I Excludes Non-PJact.ising dentalhygienists.1 Dentalhygienists who reponed B.C.addresses and were licensed or011 pennil inDecember 1997 and whose daleof initialregistration was after April 1996.Preparedby :Health HlIIDlID Resources UnitCentre CorHealth Services and Policy ResearchTh. University oCBritish ColambiaTable 3Dental Hygienists1,2 in British Columbiaby Health Re~~n by Place of Graduatlou'December 1997Place of GraduationSaskatchewan &B.C. Alberta Manitoba Ontario Other Canada Canada Subtotal Other Country TOTALHealth Region __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_~1 East Kootenay 5 18.52 7 25.93 4 14.81 2 7.41 5 18.52 23 85.19 4 14.81 27 100.002 West Kootenay- Boundary 6 20.69 4 13.79 4 13.79 10 34.48 2 6.90 26 89.66 3 10.34 29 100.003 NorthOkanagan 15 34.09 9 20.45 8 18.18 4 9.09 2 4.55 38 86.36 6 13.64 44 100.004 SouthOkanagan- Similkamecn 37 36.63 22 21.78 14 13.86 12 11.88 5 4.95 90 89.11 11 10.89 101 100.005 Thompson 25 46.30 8 14.81 4 7.41 9 16.67 6 11.11 52 96.30 2 3.70 54 100.006 FraserValley 27 33.75 4 5.00 7 8.75 22 27.50 10 12.50 70 87.50 10 12.50 80 100.007 South FraserValley 100 51.28 15 7.69 15 7.69 30 15.38 12 6.15 172 88.21 23 11.79 195 100.008 SimonFraser 46 42.99 13 12.15 11 10.28 14 13.08 14 13.08 98 91.59 9 8.41 107 100.009 Coast Garibaldi 12 42.86 6 21.43 1 3.57 2 7.14 2 7.14 23 82.14 5 17.86 28 100.0010 CentraI VancouverIsland 42 48.28 18 20.69 7 8.05 9 10.34 7 8.05 83 95.40 4 4.60 87 100.0011 UpperIsland/Central Coast 18 37.50 2 4.17 7 14.58 11 22.92 3 6.25 41 85.42 7 14.58 48 100.0012 Cariboo 21 72.41 4 13.79 1 3.45 0 0.00 2 6.90 28 96.55 1 3.45 29 100.0013 North West 19 61.29 3 9.68 0 0.00 4 12.90 0 0.00 26 83.87 5 16.13 31 100.0014 Peace Liard 7 58.33 3 25.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 10 83.33 2 16.67 12 100.0015 NorthemInterior 50 81.97 3 4.92 3 4.92 0 0.00 0 0.00 56 91.80 5 8.20 61 100.0016 Vancouver 106 42.23 23 9.16 16 6.37 51 20.32 29 11.55 225 89.64 26 10.36 251 100.0017 Bumaby 27 54.00 4 8.00 5 10.00 4 8.00 3 6.00 43 86.00 7 14.00 50 100.0018 NorthShore 53 43.44 11 9.02 13 10.66 17 13.93 13 10.66 107 87.70 15 12.30 III 100.0019 Richmond 33 45.83 5 6.94 13 18.06 11 15.28 4 5.56 66 91.67 6 8.33 72 100.0020 Capital 109 52.91 19 9.22 II 10.68 36 17.48 12 5.83 198 96.12 8 3.88 206 100.00TOTAL 758 46.39 183 11.20 155 9.49 248 15.18 131 8.02 1,475 90.27 159 9.73 1,634 100.00I Includes FullyLicensed. Condillonally Licensed and Non-Practising denial hygienists.J Excludes 12denial hygienistswith unknown location.S There arc nohygienists with missingplace of graduation infonnation.Prtpar.d by:Jleallh Jluman R•• oural UnllC.ntrefor Jlrallh S....I... andPoll.,. R....rchThe Unlvonll)' ofBrlll.h Columbia....IJlTable 4Mean Years since Graduation for Dental Hygienists1,2 in British Columbiaby Health Region by Place of Graduatton"December 1997Place of Graduation....0\Health Region1 East Kootenay2 West Kootenay - Boundary3 North Okanagan4 South Okanagan - Similkameen5 Thompson6 Fraser Valley7 South Fraser Valley8 Simon Fraser9 Coast Garibaldi10 Central Vancouver Island11 Upper Island/Central Coast12 Cariboo13 North West14 Peace Liard15 Northern Interior16 Vancouver17 Bumaby18 North Sltore19 Richmond20 CapitalTOTAL56153725271004612421821197501062753331097589.604.0011.009.548.0410.0410.668.3016.007.717.567.575.325.004.0810.047.7813.7513.336.619.007492284151361824333234115191839.0020.5014.1116.2314.2513.0021.8012.3815.5017.28•10.752.674.6715.0011.0913.2520.7314.4012.6314.5844814471511o771oo31651313221549.503.7510.007.1414.0015.5712.8010.55•11.719.57•••16.3312.448.2013.1519.46122711.9721041292230142911o4oo514171136248•12.6013.0011.6712.895.8211.779.14•10.7812.55•6.75••8.022.5018.4113.3611.3310.56522561012142732ooo293134121316.80 23• 26• 3812.00 904.50 526.00 709.00 1725.21 98• 229.71 8311.33 41• 28• 26• 10• 569.17 2253.00 438.08 10710.50 6615.42 1988.73 1,4748.7410.1511.5811.229.888.8611.908.7814.9510.639.717.615.234.905.329.757.5114.4514.459.2110.24436112102395471525267156815915.25 278.67 2915.83 4413.64 101• 5415.20 8014.43 19515.44 10718.40 2714.25 8713.00 48• 295.00 31• 1223.20 6116.00 25112.14 5015.20 12215.67 7222.13 20614.96 1,6339.7010.0012.1611.499.809.6512.199.3415.5910.7910.197.525.195.926.7910.398.1614.5414.569.7110.70I Includes FullyLicensed, Conditionally Licensed andNon-Practising dentalhygienists.1 Excludes 12dental hygienists withunknown location and 1withmissing or invalid yearof graduation.J Thereareno hygienists withmissingplaceofgraduation infonnation.• Indicatesthatthebaseforthemeanis lessthan3.Preparedby:Heallh Human Resource.. UnitCenlre for H..lth Services and Polley R....rchThe University of Brlllsh Colun'blaTableSMean Years since First Registration in B.C. for Dental Hygienists1,2 in British Columbiaby Health Region by Place of Graduetton'December 1997Place of GraduationSaskatcltewan &B.C. Alberta Manitoba Onlario Other Canada Canada Subtotal Other Country TOTALMean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean MeanHealth Region __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_~ __N_ Years __N_ Years __N_~1 East Kootenay 5 9.60 7 5.71 4 5.75 2 • 5 5.80 23 6.65 4 13.25 27 7.632 West Kootenay- Boundary 6 4.00 4 13.75 4 2.75 10 6.50 2 • 26 6.35 3 7.00 29 6.413 North Okanagan 15 11.00 9 10.33 8 5.38 4 2.00 2 • 38 8.39 6 8.17 44 8.364 South Okanagan - Simi1kameen 37 8.92 22 12.27 14 5.36 12 8.17 5 10.60 90 9.18 11 9.36 101 9.205 Thompson 25 8.04 8 12.38 4 11.25 9 8.11 6 4.00 52 8.50 2 • 54 8.466 Fraser Valley 27 10.04 4 8.00 7 11.43 22 4.82 10 5.10 70 7.71 10 9.90 80 7.997 South Fraser Valley 100 10.62 15 18.00 15 9.13 30 7.87 12 6.67 172 10.38 23 10.26 195 10.368 Simon Fraser 46 8.30 13 7.77 11 6.73 14 6.43 14 4.00 98 7.17 9 13.11 107 7.679 Coast Garibaldi 12 14.67 6 14.67 1 • 2 • 2 • 23 13.52 5 16.20 28 14.0010 Central Vancouver Island 42 7.71 18 12.72 7 10.14 9 8.44 7 8.14 83 9.12 4 13.25 87 9.3111 Upper Island/Central Coast 18 7.56 2 • 7 5.86 11 6.91 3 7.67 41 7.20 7 1Q.43 48 7.6712 Cariboo 21 7.57 4 10.25 1 • 0 • 2 • 28 7.43 1 • 29 7.3113 North West 19 5.32 3 2.33 0 • 4 1.75 0 • 26 4.42 5 4.00 31 4.3514 Peace Liard 7 5.00 3 4.67 0 • 0 • 0 • 10 4.90 2 • 12 5.7515 Northern Interior 50 4.06 3 14.67 3 7.67 0 • 0 • 56 4.82 5 12.80 61 5.4816 Vancouver 106 10.03 23 10.00 16 9.00 51 5.08 29 7.86 225 8.55 26 12.62 251 8.9717 Burnaby 27 7.74 4 12.50 5 6.60 4 2.00 3 3.00 43 7.19 7 11.71 50 7.8218 North Shore 53 13.74 11 17.18 13 12.38 17 13.06 13 5.92 107 12.87 15 11.40 122 12.6919 Riclunond 33 13.27 5 13.00 13 16.62 11 8.55 4 5.50 66 12.65 6 11.00 72 12.5120 Capital 109 6.61 19 10.89 22 8.18 36 6.81 12 10.92 198 7.49 8 14.38 206 7.76TOTAL 758 8.94 183 11.71 155 8.94 248 6.78 131 6.73 1,475 8.72 159 11.14 1,634 8.96I Includes fully Licensed, Conditionally Licensed and Non-Practising denialhygienists.1 Excludes 12dentalhygienists withunknownlocation.J Thereareno hygienists withmissingplaceof graduation information.• Indicates that thebasefor themeanis less than3.P"partJ by:HraUhlIuDlanResoulUSUnitCentre ror 1I..lth So..leesand PolicyResearchThoUnI.o rsUyor British ColuDlbla........)....00Table 6Mean Age of Dental Hygienists 1,2 in British Columbiaby Health Region by Place of Graduation"December 1997Place of GraduationSaskatchewan &B.C. Alberta Manitoba Ontario Other Canada Canada Subtotal Other Country

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