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Annual report, 1997 Watts, Susan B.; University of British Columbia. Faculty of Forestry 1998

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FORESTRY ADVISORY COUNCIL T h e F o r e s t r y A d v i s o r y C o u n c i l p r o v i d e s a d v i c e to t h e F a c u l t y o n c u r r i c u l u m m a t t e r s a n d research priorities.  Mr. G. Weyerhaeuser Jr. (Chair) President & CEO Weyerhaeuser Canada  Mr. T.M. Apsey President & CEO Council of Forest Industries of B .C. Mr. John Allan Deputy Minister Ministry of Forests Mr. I.K. Barber President, Chair & CEO Slocan Forest Products Ltd. Dr. Peter J.G. Bentley Chairman Canfor Corporation  Dr. Yvan Hardy Assistant Deputy Minister Natural Resources Canada  Mr. Jack Munro Chairman Forest Alliance of British Columbia  Mr. C.T. Hazelwood President & CEO Northwood Pulp & Timber Ltd.  Mr. Denis O'Gorman Assistant Deputy Minister Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks  Mr. Kimi Ito President K. Ito & Associates Ltd. Dr. Asa Johal President Terminal Forest Products Mr. John Kerr Chairman & CEO Lignum Ltd.  Dr. Gordon H. Orians Professor University of Washington Dr. Gilbert Paille President & CEO Forest Engineering Research Institute of Canada Mr. Keith Purchase President & CEO TimberWest Forest Ltd.  Mr. Bob Bird Vice-President Canwood Furniture Inc.  Dr. Winifred B. Kessler Chair, Forestry Program Natural Resources and Environmental Studies University of Northern B.C.  Mr. Ric Careless Regional Coordinator World Wildlife Fund Canada  Mr. Henry H. Ketcham III President & CEO West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd.  Mr. Erkki Rautianen Director Blower & Sheet Metal Ltd.  Mr. Art DeFehr President Palliser Furniture  Mr. Stuart Lang Vice-Chairman of the Board Crestbrook Forest Industries Ltd.  Mr. George R. Richards President & CEO Weldwood of Canada Limited  Dr. Ian de la Roche President Forintek Canada Corp.  Mr. Graham Lea Secretary-Treasurer Truck Loggers Association  Mr. W.T. Stephens President & CEO MacMillan Bloedel Ltd.  Mr. Kevin Lynch Deputy Minister Industry Canada  Mr. Ralph Roberts Director Forestry Section Canadian International Development Agency  Mr. Sandy Fulton President & CEO Pacific Forest Products Ltd.  Mr. George Malpass President Primex Forest Products  Mr. Ian Gill Executive Director Ecotrust Canada  Mr. Garry Merkel Owner/Manager Forest Innovations Kimberley, B.C.  Dr. Marie Rauter President & CEO Ontario Forest Industry Association  Mr. E. Van Scoffield Executive Director Association of BC Professional Foresters Dr. Joseph D. Wright President & CEO Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada  19 9 7 ANNUAL REPORT  F a c u l t y of  Forestry  University of British Columbia  A p r i M , 1 9 9 7 - March 31, 1 9 9 8  COVER BACKGROUND PHOTOGRAPH Photographer:  Bryan Evans  Elaho Valley, Squamish, B.C.  COVER INSET P H O T O G R A P H S Photographer:  Laura Nagel  Clockwise from top left (CONS 451).  photographs  of students in the new Integrated Conservation  Field School  • Trapping northwestern salamanders (Ambystoma gracile) to determine population density in Shirley Lake at the Malcolm Knapp Research Forest. • One of the largest cutthroat trout (Oncorynchus clarki) caught in Loon Lake at the Malcolm Knapp Research Forest — trapped this year as part of an abundance study. • Censusing plant communities to examine distribution and abundance of exotic species in the grasslands near Riske Creek. • Biological surveys of Loon Lake include assessing water quality, macroinvertebrates and fish populations.  TEXT PHOTOGRAPHS Photographers:  UBC Media Services  Editor: Susan B. Watts, Ph.D., R.P.F. Desktop Publisher: Patsy Quay  ©1998, Faculty of Forestry University of British Columbia ISSN 1188-9837  Dean's Message  1  • STUDENTS AND TEACHING PROGRAMS Undergraduate Students • Programs of Study . Enrolment Statistics • Awards . Graduation Statistics Graduate Students • Enrolment Statistics . Scholarships and Fellowships . Degrees Granted  4 5 6 7  8 9 10  • FACULTY AND FACULTY RESEARCH O f f i c e of the D e a n . Faculty and Staff  12 13  Forest R e s o u r c e s M a n a g e m e n t D e p a r t m e n t . Faculty and Staff . Achievements and Plans  14 15 17  W o o d Science Department . Faculty and Staff . Achievements and Plans  18 19 21  Forest Sciences Department • Faculty and Staff . Achievements and Plans  22 23 27  U n i v e r s i t y R e s e a r c h Forests  28  O f f i c e s , A w a r d s and Distinctions  29  E x t r a m u r a l F u n d i n g and S p o n s o r e d R e s e a r c h  33  Faculty Publications  39  • CENTRES, INSTITUTES AND TARGETED PROGRAMS First N a t i o n s Forestry P r o g r a m s  47  International Forestry Programs  48  Centre for Advanced W o o d Processing  49  Centre for Applied Conservation Biology  50  Forestry Continuing Studies Network  51  S i l v i c u l t u r e I n s t i t u t e of B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a  52  Faculty Development Program  53  • SPECIAL LECTURES  54  TABLE OF CONTENTS  T  H E Faculty of Forestry exists at the University of British Columbia only because society finds a set of activities collectively called "forestry" to be important enough to merit the attention of one of the w o r l d ' s great universities. Hence, the Faculty's mission is to serve society — in British Columbia, in C a n a d a and throughout the world — by improving its capacity to deal with forestry broadly defined. W e do so through educational programs ranging from short courses to advanced doctoral degrees, through research on an array of topics stretching from molecular genetics to sociology, and through direct professional service to government, industry, native bands and private non-governmental organizations.  DEAN'S MESSAGE  T h e Faculty continues to enjoy strong support from its stakeholders outside the University. Enrolment is growing in all programs, extramural research activity leads the University, and the Faculty sustains the highest level of alumni support of any faculty at U B C . Despite these positive factors, we face major challenges associated with declining governmental support for higher education in the Province. This year the Faculty was assigned a 4 % budget reduction in order to help meet the University's operating deficit, bringing the cumulative budget cuts since 1990 to about 2 0 % . Growth in undergraduate (5%), graduate (4%) and diploma (98%) enrolment has placed considerable stress on faculty and staff. T h e increasingly serious problems associated with declining resources/student have been a recurring theme in each of the recent external reviews of the various departments. The problem is particularly challenging as we lose the talent and energy of young faculty m e m b e r s to resignations (four during the past year) and the wisdom and leadership of senior faculty to retirements (one). A c c o m m o d a t i n g increased student numbers while sustaining high-quality education, a substantial extramural research activity and a strong commitment to external service — all with continued reductions in our core university support — remains the Faculty's abiding challenge. This annual report provides the basic facts describing how we are responding to that challenge.  Highlights of 1997/98 The table below provides basic indicators of the Faculty's activities over the past five years, along with our forecast for the 1998/99 academic year.  Faculty of Forestry Activities, 1993/94 - 1998/99e  Undergraduate enrolment' 1 Distance credit education (fte) Graduate enrolment  93/94  94/95  95/96  96/97  97/98  98/99e  400  452  522  591  621  635  22  22  29  36  37  37  171  180  189  201  209  235  73  47  48  59  -  45  65 9,500  Diploma in Forestry  -  -  Diploma in Forest Engineering  -  -  F C S N b registrants Teaching Evaluation Index1"  -  12,000  21,000  14,000  12,000  9,500  2.16  2.28  2.25  2.24  2.31  d  5,084  4,939  4,808  4,798  4,741  4,545  e  $3,033  $2,714  $2,340  $2,129  $1,989  $1,783  Extramural funding ($()()())'  5,047  5,079  7,141  10,409  9,089  7,500  Extramural f u n d i n g / G P O B faculty m e m b e r ($000)  120  121  188  289  265  207  G P O B ($000) GPOB/WFTE  -  J  Headcount unless otherwise noted. Forestry Continuing Studies Network. L Average numerical score of several criteria used by students to assess teaching performance of faculty members. 1 = Excellent; 2 = Very Good; 3 = Good; 4 = Fair; 5 = Poor; 6 = Very Poor. Base recurring budget. L  Calculated from headcount using UBC weights. In 1996/97 FTE:headcount = 0.763; Budget and Planning estimate of $/WFTE was 16.9% higher than calculated. Research + special purpose + endowment (until 1996/97; excluded alter this date).  1997 Annual  Report  1  In 1997/98 women comprised 37% of (he total undergraduate enrolment, the same fraction as last year. Self-reported First Nations students totalled 15, a large increase over last year but still short of our proportional contribution (about 30) to the University's "1000 First Nations students in 2000" goal. In 1997/98, 17 Forestry students were on international exchanges in nine different countries, and 13 students were visiting UBC. We expect about the same number of exchange students next year. Although financial support for forestry research is at a cyclical low and may well be trending downward, 1 the need for science and technology in the sector has never been greater. T h e UBC Faculty of Forestry is the single largest provider of professional/scientific/technical personnel for the forest sector in Canada, and is one of the largest research facilities supporting the sector as well. Last year this comparatively small Faculty garnered 2% of N S E R C ' s entire budget for targeted research programs! The Faculty's extramural research program continues to be the largest at U B C when denominated on the basis of University-supported faculty members. This year saw: • the inauguration of CONS 45 1, a 15-credit, full-term field-oriented interdisciplinary course focused on solving real-world conservation problems. • teaching, for the first time, Year 4 of the new five-year Wood Products Processing program; and • the implementation of the new Diploma in Forest Engineering, developed in collaboration with the Department of Civil Engineering and the Institute of Forest Engineering of BC. • grants from UBC's Teaching and Learning Enhancement Fund totalling $128,167 for a variety of projects to improve the learning environment in the Faculty. • the initiation of the International Forestry specialization for our Forest Resources Management and Forest Science programs. Administrative activities included completing external reviews of all three departments as well as of our International Programs and our University Research Forests. In addition, we have thoroughly and exhaustively examined organizational alternatives for the Faculty, and concluded to retain our departments, strengthen our program directors and empower the Associate Dean for Undergraduate Programs to manage the resulting matrix structure. We concluded our "Growing the Future" campaign with $2.5 million raised from private-sector sources. Development activities this year have focused on (i) strengthening our connection with alumni and annual giving, (ii) stewarding supporters of the Faculty, (iii) bringing the industry fundraising for the Wood Products Processing program under the umbrella of UBC fundraising, and (iv) developing prospects for future major gifts. Finally, as I write we are within a few weeks of moving into the splendid new Forest Sciences Centre. This building, largely constructed of wood, will bring together faculty from 11 different locations spread over more than 5 km. It provides us with modern classrooms and laboratories appropriate for forestry teaching and research well into the next millennium. We have developed a detailed procedure for allocating space among faculty members and research groups with the objective of maximizing the contribution this space makes to our teaching and research missions. The system automatically accommodates changes in (he research programs of individual faculty members and Forest Sciences Centre faculty associates. As far as we know, Forestry and Medicine are the only two units in the University who have rationalized space allocation in this way.  Plans for 1998/99 A major focus for next year is to solidify the changes that have been made in the Faculty during the past five years. Specific activities include: • getting settled into the new Forest Sciences Centre and getting all the building systems working to support our teaching and research activities. • completing searches for key leadership positions in the Faculty, including department heads for each of the departments, new associate deans and a new director for the University Research Forests.  ' See Binkley, C.S. and O.L. Forgacs. 1998. Status of forest sector research and d e v e l o p m e n t in C a n a d a . P u l p & P a p e r C a n a d a , J a n u a r y 1998: 19-42.  2  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  • implementing our new Year 1 and Year 2 enrolment quotas to keep the total size of the Faculty roughly at its present level. Doing so means a substantial reduction in our Year I quota for forestry programs — to 35 from 65 — and the imposition of our first-ever quotas on Year 2 transfers into the Faculty. • participating in the development of a proposed UBC-wide "College of Life Sciences" to support both the basic science teaching for Forestry students and to introduce Science students to the interesting, intellectually challenging problems associated with forestry. • completing revisions of the B.S.F. program which have been in development for three years. These revisions include the concepts of pre-professional and professional years, with the latter comprised of two terms of block-scheduled, integrated instruction. • teaching Year 5 of the new Co-op Wood Products Processing program and developing an integrated BC-wide education strategy to support this program. Identifying and recruiting faculty for this program remains a major challenge. • offering the integrated field course CONS 451 to a full class of students. • implementing the organizational changes in the Faculty that have been recommended by past external reviews and our own year-long study of the problem. Continued expectations for high quality teaching, research and service will confront tough internal and external resource constraints. To respond to this increasingly difficult external context, we will • renew our strategic planning. Now that our organization dilemmas have been resolved, it is possible to clarify faculty directions for the next five years. • increase our focus on international markets for our programs and research activities. The recent external review of our International Programs suggested that we establish an externally funded "International Forestry Institute" to help provide the expertise ol'UBC to this important area of concern. The faculty recruited for this initiative could help teach a full-cost masters degree program in international forestry. • develop full-cost masters programs in Wood and Fibre Science, International Forest Business (collaboratively with Commerce) and Wood Building Design and Construction (collaboratively with Civil Engineering and Architecture). Ultimately these will be offered in modes where the quality of learning is independent of the location of the student. • continue to explore ways to strengthen our programs through interdisciplinary interaction with other units of the University in both teaching and research. In addition to the initiatives noted above, we are working on (i) a proposed new program in natural resource and environmental economics (with Economics and Agricultural Economics), (ii) evolution of our Forest Operations program into a Forest Engineering program (with Civil Engineering), and (iii) collaboration on seeking ways to streamline undergraduate offerings in the area of the environment. • focus on using support from the Canada Foundation for Innovation to amplify key program initiatives. Important areas include a proposed Advanced Wood Composites Institute, the Centre for Wood Building Design and Construction, a Genetics Data Centre, an Advanced Wood Processing Systems Analysis Laboratory, and a Centre for Computer-Based Forest Management Planning. As humans press ever harder against our forests, the Faculty's activities have never been more important. The Faculty's mission is to help socicty resolve the resultant problems through better management of the land and more efficient utilization of its products. Our capacity to do so is limited only by our imagination and your support. I hope you will reflect on this report of how we steward the resources entrusted to us, and write to me to let me know how we can do a better job.  Clark S. Binkley Dean, Faculty of Forestry  1997 Annual  Report  3  T  HE Faculty of Forestry offers four-year degree programs in the following five areas: Helen Driscoll Coordinator Student Services  • Forest Resources Management - B.S.F.  UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS  This major focuses on the multidisciplinary aspects of forest resources biology and management of forested ecosystems for such products as timber, grazing, wildlife, recreation, fish and water. Students learn about the unique characteristics of each resource, their interactions, and the manipulation of forests to yield a variety of desirable products in the context of social and economic environment. The program prepares graduates for responsible careers in forest management as professional foresters.  • Forest Operations - B.S.F.  PROGRAMS OF STUDY DRISCOLL, Helen B.Sc. Coordinator, Student Services Phone: (604) 822-3547 Fax: (604)822-8645 E-mail: hdriscol@unixg.ubc.ca  This major prepares the graduate for professional forestry responsibilities, with an emphasis on planning, design and administration of forest harvesting operations. Areas of study include: design and construction of forest roads and drainage structures; selection, planning and supervision of logging systems; site protection and rehabilitation; and the development of computer applications for harvesting systems.  • Forest Science - B.Sc. (Forestry) ELLIS, Simon B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D., F.I.W.Sc. Program Director & Advisor, Wood Products Processing Phone: (604)822-3551 E-mail: sellis®unixg.ubc.ca FELLER, Michael C. B.Sc., M.Sc, Ph.D.,R.P.Bio. Program Director & Advisor, Natural Resources Conservation Phone: (604) 822-3729 E-mail: feller@unixg.ubc.ca MARSHALL, Peter L. B.Sc.F., M.Sc., Ph.D., R.P.F. Program Director, Professional Programs & Advisor, Forest Resources Management Phone: (604)822^(918 E-mail: marshaii@unixg.ubc.ca NELSON, John D. B.S.F, M.B.A., Ph.D., R.P.F. Advisor, Forest Operations Phone: (604) 822-3794 E-mail: neison@unixg.ubc.ca WEETMAN, Gordon F. B.Sc.F, M.F., Ph.D., R.P.F., F.Eng. Advisor, Forest Science Phone: (604)822-2504 E-mail: gweetman@unixg.ubc.ca  This major is for students interested in more specialized study of the scientific principles related to the growth, development, and ecology of forest species. Emphasis is placed on basic and interactional phenomena that inlluence the establishment, growth, and development of trees and other forest resources. The core subjects include genetics, soils, weather and climate, tree form, tree function, ecology, entomology, pathology, silvics, silviculture, and fire science.  • Wood Products Processing B.Sc. (Wood Products Processing) This program provides students with a broad knowledge of the wood products industry, including wood manufacturing, business management, and marketing. State-of-the-art wood processing equipment used during laboratory exercises enables students to develop skills in technical processes and operations carried out in today's industry. Students may chose an area of concentration in business, primary processing, product development, or wood building and design. In addition, qualified fourth year students may opt for a minor in Commerce. Graduates develop strong teamwork, leadership, and communication skills. An extensive five-year co-operative option is available.  4  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  • Natural Resources Conservation B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservation) This multidisciplinary program provides students with a solid foundation in the natural and social sciences underlying management and conservation of natural resources, as well as an appreciation for the political and socioeconomic contexts which affect conservation strategies. Students develop a working knowledge of the tools and quantitative techniques used by resource planners. A notable feature of the program is the Integrated Field School offered in the fourth year which features integrated field and classroom instruction throughout the fall term.  PROGRAM UPDATES IN 1997-98 • The Natural Resources Conservation program's Integrated Field School was offered for the first time to 20 fourth year students. •  Introduction of new International Forestry specialization for Forest Science and Management programs.  • Thirty-three students were employed in industry as part of our targeted work placement sessions in the Wood Products Processing Cooperative Education program.  PLANS FOR 1998-99 •  Place 44 students in the Wood Products Processing Cooperative Education program for summer, 1998.  •  Implement Year 5 of the new Wood Products Processing program. The first class of 10 students will graduate in April, 1999.  •  Reduce admissions into B.S.F. program to 35 students in each of first and second year; increase admissions into B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservation) program to 30 for first year and reduce admissions to 10 in second year.  •  Set up career placement services for conservation students.  •  Submit to UBC Senate for approval proposed revisions to the Forest Resources Management program.  • Total Enrolment  Distribution  Undergraduate enrolment was maintained at a high level for the 97/98 session, with a record 640 students including 19 visiting and exchange students. Enrolment increased in each degree with the exception of the B.Sc. (Forestry) program. T h e graph below illustrates the trend in enrolment since 1990 (excluding visiting and exchange students).  of students among 1997/98  programs  Program  Number enrolled  %of total  Forest Resources Management  288  46.4  Forest Operations  64  10.3  Forest Science  44  7.1  Wood Products Processing  65  10.5  127 33  20.4 5.3  621  100  Natural Resources Conservation Undeclared*  Number of Students  Total  700  *First year students. Female students represented 37.0 per cent of the total enrolment. Self-declared First Nations students comprised 2.4% of the Faculty.  • New Student Enrolment  90/91  91/92  92/93  93/94  94/95  95/96  96/97  97/98  Total enrolment and new enrolment 1990/91 -1997/98  T h e following graph shows the distribution of undergraduate students by year of program.  STATISTICS  In total, 197 new students entered the Faculty this year. Admissions increased slightly in Year 1, but decreased in Year 2 and Year 3. The numbers entering into the different years are tabulated below. New students  entering  Year of study  the Faculty  1997/98  123 67 7  3  250  Undergraduate Students  Number of new students entering  1 2  Number of Students  -  ENROLMENT  197  Total 200 •  The B.S.F. degree programs (Forest Resources Management and Forest Operations) continue to be the most popular with new students. The chart below illustrates degree choices of new students in 1997/98.  2  Enrolment  3 Year of Study  by year of 1997/98  B.Sc. (Forestry) 1.5%  Degree programs entered by new students - 1997/98  B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservation) 17.8%  study  T h e largest number of undergraduate students were enrolled in the Forest Resources M a n a g e m e n t program. T h e Natural Resources Conservation program had the second highest enrolment. The following table provides a breakdown:  B.Sc. (Wood Products Processing) 16.2%  Average entering GPA - 1997/98 for all new students B.S.F.  73.3%  B.Sc. (Forestry)  71.0%  B.Sc. (Wood Products Processing)  67.0%  B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservation)  80.0%  1997 Annual Report  5  AWARDS Undergraduate Students  FIRST YEAR STUDENTS  THIRD YEAR S T U D E N T S  Anderson, A.E. Andrew, B.J. Blomfield, H.D. Cockle, K.L. Erlendson, J.L. Glen, S. Kraljevic, C. Lam, J.L.T. Le Couteur, A.C. Louie, K.C. Luisser, F.S. McGladdery, W.T. Mills, T.J. Ogasawara, J.T. Price, S.P. Reedman, D.M. Turner, J.S.  Abou Amara, W. SUS, Soderman Affleck, D.L. UBC, Siddoo Aldridge, R.V. Splan Bawa, M. Splan Beardsmore, C.T. Johnson Bullock, C.L. Banks, Splan Collins, D.B. R.E. Mills, ABCPF 1 , Splan Comey, R.J. SUS, Machinery Coulthard, M.J. Splan Deith, L.K. UBC, Soderman. Alumni Erickson, K.D. Splan Forsyth, J.P. Banks, Elkington Fraser, S.J. Soderman, J.R. Mills Frolek, J.L. UBC, Craig, Splan Harsch, S.K. SUS, Wellwood Hart, R.M. Backman", Splan Hyndman, J. Soderman MacDonald, R.K. Splan MacKenzie, A.J. UBC, SUS, Steiner Mortimer, M.A. Northwood Muter, D.M. SUS, Soderman Norton, S.D. Soderman Perrakis, D.D. Soderman, UBC, Backman 1 , Splan Purves, B.C. Splan Schulz, J.D. Banks, Splan Scott, R.E. UBC, Splan. Chisholm Sellgren, M.J Splan Shen, H.F. SUS Snow, C.M. Splan Steed, N.H.G. SUS, Soderman Stewart, J.C. Splan Sweatman, T.W. SUS, Beaty Talarico, T.J. Soderman Tobler, P. Splan Verschoor, P.G. Backman', English, Splan. Timber Watkinson, S.J. Ketcham Watt, G.N. PR T, Splan West, K.-B.L. UBC Wise, H.J. Soderman Young, D C. Banks, Splan  Northwood Brock ABCPF 1 , Soderman Banks, HRM1, Entrance Binkley, Out, Soderman Banks sus sus SUS. Out. MB. Soderman Banks Hindmarch Mackenzie, Sopron Banks Banks, UBC, MB Banks Banks. Out UBC, Splan  SECOND YEAR STUDENTS Brock Banerjee, O. Splan Beaton, B.J. SUS, Soderman Burke, M.P. SUS, Soderman Caskey, J R. Soderman, Splan, Brock Davis, N.P. Splan Devuono, S. Errington, R.C. Banks, Entrance, HRM' Gardner, K.E. Splan Grant, M.J. UBC, SUS Haddock, R.L. Banks, Chisholm, Splan. Out Hansen, S.D. Brock, Steneker Harris, P.V. ABCPF 1 Hay ward, A.J. Banks, Out, Bell, HRM1 Jenks, R. Brock. Berthier, Soderman, Out Larsen, C.E. Splan LeRoy, M.A. Brock, Bertheir MacKenzie, C.M. Banks, Brock, Steneker McFetridge, M.J. Banks, Splan McNaughton, M.A. ABCPF 1 , Brock Ng, C. S.-M. Out, Splan Sear, M. UBC, Siddoo Shelford, J.J. Brock, Gage Steiner, N.H. UBC, Soderman Stewart, J.S. Splan Taylor, S.H. Brock Tyler, K.M. SUS, Out, Soderman Wong, A.Y. Splan  Full Name  of  Award  FOURTH YEAR S T U D E N T S Brewster, L.G. Corsi, E.A. Elder, C. Fischer, K.M. Limacher, S.E. Lyons, C.K. Wenger, J-P. K.  A B C P F 1 Scholarship. A B C P F 2 Best G r a d u a t i n g Thesis. A B C P F - Best G r a d u a t i n g Essay. U B C Forestry A l u m n i Division. B a c k m a n 1 Scholarship in Natural Resources Conservation. B a c k m a i r Scholarship in Forest Resource M a n a g e m e n t . Charles & Jane B a n k s Scholarship. John D. B e a t y Memorial Scholarship Pierre B e r t h i e r Ed Abroad Scholarship Emily & Francis B i n k l e y Scholarship. Hugh M. B r o c k Ed. Abroad Scholarship. C a n a d i a n Institute Of Forestry M e d a l Hugh Robert D u n c a n C h i s h o l m  E n t r a n c e (renewal) Scholarship. Walter H. G a g e & Elsie M. Harvey Ed. Abroad Scholarship. Bob H i n d m a r c h Award Forest H i s t o r y Prize. H o n o u r s Standing. H . R . M a c M i l l a n ' Scholarship in Forestry. H . R . M a c M i l l a n " Prize in Forest Harvesting. H . R . M a c M i l l a n Prize in Forestry. Ted J o h n s o n Scholarship in Forestry. Janel K e t c h a m Scholarship. David Bell Little Memorial Scholarship. M a c h i n e r y & Supply C o m p a n i e s  Scholarship in Forestry. Robert J. C r a i g Memorial Scholarship Gait E l k i n g t o n Memorial Scholarship.  G r o u p Forestry Scholarship. Norman M a c K e n z i e Alumni Entrance Scholarship.  6  UBC Faculty of Forestry  ABCPF' Honours CIF Medal History Honours ABCPF 2 , HRM : Honours, HRM'  M a c M i l l a n Bloedel Limited Scholarship for Forestry. J a m e s Russell M i l l s Memorial A w a r d . Robert E . M i l l s M e m o r i a l Award. N o r t h w o o d Pulp a n d T i m b e r Limited. O u t s t a n d i n g S t u d e n t Initiative Scholarship. P a c i f i c R e g e n e r a t i o n T e c h n o l o g i e s Inc. Kapoor Singh S i d d o o Scholarship. O s c a r S o d e r m a n M e m o r i a l Scholarship Special University Scholarship. Paul Robert S t e i n e r Memorial Scholarship in W o o d . Daniel J. S t e n e k e r Ed. Abroad Scholarship. W i l l i a m John S p l a n Scholarship in Forestry. T i m b e r l i n e Scholarship. University of B C Scholarship. M a r y & Robert W e l l w o o d Memorial Scholarship in W o o d Sci. & Ind.  Degrees Conferred, May 1997 and November 1997 Congregations B.S.F. - Forest Resources Management Bandstra, M.A. Beetham, A.M. Bchrner, A.L. Birtch, G.J. Boyland, M.N. Brewster, L.G. Bubela, D.M. Campbell, C.H. Chapman, K.A. Corsi, E.A. Cross, D. Drixler, E.S. Drumm, W.C. Eckley, R.E. Elder, C. Ericson, P.M. Fischer, K.M. Fogolin, K.V. Fransen, J.A. Geddes, S.D.  Gerath, G.W. Ghazarian, S. Gorman, A.E. Gregson, J.A. Gyurkovics, S. Hornburg, J.W. Iacoviello, J.F. Kalmakoff, H.C. Kyler, M.B. Laird, J.J. Lee, T.V. Lloyd, B P. Long, E.R. Luxmoore, J.M. MacAulay, C.A. Manhard, D. McDonald, T. Merinuk, G.E. Nielsen, A. Nienaber, G.W.  B.S.F. Forest Operations  B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservation)  Delwisch, C.L. Erickson, J.M. Leonard, E.M. Lyons, C.K. Rosher, P.M. Thuraisamy, S. Trenn, J.A.  Buchanan, B.K. Choi, E.C.M. Chow, V.Y. Dagenais, G.N. Final I, S.A. Hazenhoom, C. Joe, L.P. Rang, Rea Limacher, S.E. Moore, J.M. Musslick, E. Pena, C.M. Rudd, H.D. Sharpies, R.J. Wooldridge, J.S.  B.Se. (Forestry) Forest Science Brown, I.M. Hanchard, J.W. Henderson, D.R. Jarosch, R.M. Johnson, K.K. Kirkham, C.A. Sclicck, D.C. Vari, S.I.  Pellatt, M R. Proulx, K.C. Roberts, L.E.E. Robinson, J.A. Rudyk, M.A. Sampson, T.A. Sankey, R.G. Smith, C.D. Southam, D.A. Taylor, C.L. Ternan, G.R. Tisch, D.G. Toovey, P.J. Tweedlie, J.B. van de Weghe, K.N. Vinnedge, R.B. Watts, S.A. Wenger, J.K. Wetherrill, R.J. Yap, H.A.  GRADUATION STATISTICS  i B.Sc. (Forestry) Wood Science & Industry  Undergraduate Students  Brakop, R.E. Chiu, I.V. Crowther, S.M. Jovanovic, A. Louie, W.Y.H. Windsor, L.R. Wong, K.Y.  i Diploma in Forestry (Advanced Silviculture) McDonald. D.M.  Number of Graduates  100 Permanently Employed 61.9% Temporarily Employed 19.7% Advanced Studies 3.9% Unemployed 14.5%  1985 1966 1987 1988 1 9 8 9 1990 1991 1992 1 9 9 3 1994 1995 1996 1997  Employment survey of 1997 graduates (78% response rate: 76 of 97 graduates responded)  Number  of students graduating  1997 Annual  Report  7  1985 - 1997  • Graduate Programs The Faculty of Forestry offers four graduate degrees:  W o m e n comprise 3 9 % of our Masters and 18% of our Doctoral students, for an overall average of 31%. The following table shows enrolment data for 1997/98.  • Doctor of Philosophy - Ph.D. Graduate  • Master of Forestry - M.F.  GRADUATE STUDENTS  • Master of Science - M.Sc. • Master of Applied Science - M.A.Sc.  student  Degree  Male  Ph.D. M.F.  ENROLMENT STATISTICS  CHANWAY, C.P. B.Sc., B.S.Agr.,M.Sc„ Ph.D. Associate Dean Graduate Studies Phone: (604) 822-3716 Fax: (604) 822-8645 E-mail: cchanway@unixg.ubc.ca  enrolment  • Enrolment Trends  M.Sc.  Enrolment in the Forestry graduate program has grown by 6 9 % over the past decade. Today there are 206 graduate students registered in the Faculty. The graph below illustrates the distribution of these students between the different degree programs. T h e greatest growth has been in the number of Doctoral students - in 1987 there were only 45 enrolled in the program, whereas today there are 84 students. In this same period the number of Masters students has risen from 77 to 122.  M.A.Sc. Total  1997/98 Total  Female  69  15  84  9  1  10  63  47  110  2  0  2  143  63  206  As of October, 1997. The proportion of graduate students from outside of Canada has remained fairly constant over the past few years and presently stands at 4 5 % of Doctoral and 2 1 % of Masters students. A total of twenty-six countries arc represented in the graduate student body.  Number of Graduate Students  • Graduate Student Funding In the 1997/98 academic year, Forestry graduate students were awarded support totalling $2,1 10,922, a decrease of 1 % over 1996/97 funding levels. This consisted of $ 5 1 6 , 0 2 8 in scholarship funding, $ 2 6 6 , 5 2 9 in graduate teaching assistantships and $1,328,365 in graduate research assistantships (provided by research supervisors from their research grants).  SCHOBEL, Karen Graduate Secretary Phone: (604) 822-6177 Fax: (604) 822-8645 E-mail: gradfor@unixg.ubc.ca  Graduate  student  Department 87/88  89/90  91/92  Masters •  93/94  Ph.D. •  95/96 Total »  Graduate student enrolment 1987/88 -1997/98  8  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  97/98  enrolment  and  No. graduate students  funding Total funding  Forest Resources Management  59  $464,035  Forest Sciences  98  $1,039,481  Wood Science  49  $607,406  MASTERS STUDENTS MacMillan Bartel, Joseph McPhee Boisvenue, Celine Boss, Shelly Macaree Brescia, David GREAT Bull, Jennifer N S E R C Industrial, V a n D u s e n Chandra, Richard GREAT Sopron Csom, Gyongyver Cochran, M c P h e e Davradou, Maria Dettman, Jeremy Buckland, TimberWest' Dubois, Janson McPhee Goodison, Clive UGF Hayward, Jell McPhee H o f f m a n Bradford GREAT Kim Agi Messenger Hanson, M c P h e e Kovacs, Christina VanDusen Kraft, Dan Leone, Robert N S E R C Industrial  Lumme, Minna McCormick, James Marianescu, Marian McKinnon, Leanne Melles, Stephanie Mitchell, Rene Mou, Desiree Paczek, Susan Perreault, Pamela Sadowski, Keri Sanders, Rebecca Serrouya, Robert Stonewall, Adam Welbourn, Derek Xu, Ping Young, Kyle  UGF VanDusen Lumber NSERC Johal McPhee Arnold, B a c k m a n NSERC Koerner N S E R C Industrial McPhee VanDusen McPhee Forintek Bassett McPhee  AND  D O C T O R A L STUDENTS Bennett, Jennifer Clouston, Pcggi-Lynn Ells, Arlene Garcia, Pablo Hainan, Andres Harrison, Scott He, Ming Hope, Sharon Kinyua, Patrick Lohrasebi Peydeh, A. Lu, Congjin Mahony, Nancy Mansfield, Shawn Full Name  of  FELLOWSHIPS  N S E R C Industrial VanDusen McPhee UGF VanDusen CFP Weyerhaeuser Namkoong CIDA Chisholni. M c P h e e McPhee Hoffmeister GREAT  McCarthy, John McDermott, Constance M o o n e y , Robert Mtiraoui, Ahmed Ransom, Doug Singh, Ramvir Wang, Hao Wang, Honglong Weber, Adrian Wu, Ming Yawalata, Dominggus Zabek, Lisa  Allen, M c P h e e M c P h e e , TimberWest" UGF McPhee GREAT UGF Heller, M c P h e e UGF NSERC GREAT MacMiIlan: GREAT  Award  George S. Allen Memorial Scholarship. Theodore E. Arnold Fellowship. Backman Award in Natural Resources Conservation. Edward W. Bassett Memorial Scholarship in Reforestation. Don Buckland Memorial Scholarship in Forest Pathology. Canadian Forest Products Ltd. Fellowship in Forest Wildlife Management. Canadian International Development Agency Scholarship. Hugh Robert Duncan Chisholni Scholarship in Forestry. Ralph M. and Elizabeth E. Cochran Scholarship. Commonwealth Scholarship Forintek Canada Corporation Fellowship in Wood Science and Wood Products.  SCHOLARSHIPS  Graduate Research Engineering And Technology Awards. Brenda Hanson Memorial Scholarship in Forestry. Paul Heller Fellowship. Bert Hoffmeister Scholarship in Forest Wildlife. Asa Johal Fellowship. Michael and Sonja Koerner First Nations Fellowship Lumber Inspectors' Benevolent Society Scholarship. Mary and David Macaree Fellowship in Sustainable Forestry. MacMillan' Bloedel Limited Fellowship in Forest Mensuration. MacMillan2 Bloedel Limited Fellowship in Wood Chemistry. Donald S. McPhee Fellowship. Ann and William Messenger Fellowship.  Namkoong Family Fellowship in Forest Sciences. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Scholarship. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Industrial Postgraduate Scholarship. Sopron Alumni Fellowship TimberVVest' Forest Limited Fellowship in Forest Science TimberWest2 Forest Limited Fellowship in Forest Wildlife Management. University Graduate Fellowship. VanDusen Graduate Fellowship. Weyerhaeuser Fellowship in Wood Design Management.  1997 Annual Report  9  Graduate Students  Degrees Conferred, May 1997 and November 1997 Congregations  M.F. PAVEL, Mihai Prof. G.G. Young Model for predicting net revenue of harvesting operations in coastal secondgrowth stands. ZHONG, Jianwen Dr. B. van der Kamp Pathology of conifer seed and seedlings on natural and disturbed forest floor seedbeds in the Engelmann spruce-subalpine fir zone of the interior of British Columbia.  DEGREES GRANTED Graduate Students  M.A.Se. HE, Ming Dr. F. Lam A study of wood based shear walls sheathed with oversize oriented strand board panels. NORLIN, Peter Drs. J.D. Barrett/F. Lam Fatigue behaviour and size effect perpendicular to the grain of laminated Douglas-fir veneer.  M.Sc. BENNETT, Doug Dr. J. Nelson Partial cutting in mountainous old-growth forests in coastal British Columbia: Harvesting productivity and cost, and residual stand impacts. BRETT, Bob Dr. K. Klinka Regeneration patterns on some old-growth and clear-cut sites in the mountain hemlock zone of southern British Columbia. B U R W A S H , Michael Dr. T. Sullivan The use of synthetic predator odours to elicit an avoidance response in the roof rat (Rattus rattus). D O N A L D , Stuart Dr. T. Maness Production planning for value added lumber manufacturing.  10  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  EASTON, Wendy Dr. K. Martin The effect of manual thinning and glyphosate application on breeding bird communities in southern British Columbia. EDGAR, Catherine Non-thesis.  Dr. J.N.  Saddler  ENGLISH. Denise Dr. G.F. Weetman Strategy to convert an even-aged stratified stand to an uneven-aged mixed species stand. FORSYTH, Keith Dr. 1). Haley Customer attitudes towards environmentally sound wood products in three British Columbia home improvement markets. HAFER, Mark Dr. A.F. Howard A control system framework for simulating forest landscape management. HELBERT, Sheldon Dr. J.F. Kimmins Sewage sludge nitrogen: A field study of sludge nitrogen dynamics and a laboratory study of ammonia and nitrous oxide gas evolution. HOUDE, Isabelle Dr. F.L Bunnell Small mammal associations with habitat structure in riparian zones of a managed ICH forest, Revelstoke, B.C. JEKUBIK, Dan Non-thesis.  Dr. F.L  Marshall  LEE. Lily Dr. D. Cohen Relationship between markets and technology in large western Canadian sawmills ON ATE. Nilda Dr. F.L. Marshall Simulation models: A useful tool in the evaluation of planted coastal Douglas-fir silvicultural management. S H A T F O R D , Jeff Dr. S.M. Glenn Seed dispersal, seed attributes and edaphic factors: Their role and impact on the regeneration of antelope bitterbrush (Fursliia tridentata Rosaceae).  SONG, Xianghou Dr. M.C. Feller Relationships between coarse woody debris and understory vegetation in six forest ecosystems in British Columbia. T H O M A S , Keith Dr. C.E. Prescott Nitrogen mineralization in forest floors of three tree species on the same site: the role of litter quality. TIMUSK, Chris Dr. H.G.L. Experimental evaluation of the ULAG glulam beam simulation program.  Prion  TOLNAI, Steve Dr. D. Cohen B.C. moulding and architectural millwork: an analysis of the U.S. market and emerging competitors. V A R G A , Pal Dr. K. Klinka The structure and regeneration pattern of oldgrowth stands in the moist cold Engelmann spruce-subalpine fir subzone of central British Columbia. W A H B E , Tanya Dr. F.L. Bunnell Tailed frogs (Ascaphus truei Stejneger) in natural and managed coastal temperate rainforests of southwestern British Columbia, Canada. W A N G , Kaiyuan Dr. F. Lam Robot-based research on three-layer oriented flakeboards. WIND, Elke Dr. F.L. Bunnell Habitat associations of wood frogs (Rana sylvatica) and effects of fragmentation in boreal mixedwood forests. YATICH, Sammy Dr. P A. Murtha Landsat temporal discrimination of forest cover types of the Carmanah Valley. British Columbia. ZHANG, Yi Dr. J.N. Saddler Degradation of dehydroabietic acid by bacterial isolates grown on ctmp effluents. ZHOU, Bingning Dr. S. Avramidis Dielectric characteristics of two B.C. coastal species during radio frequency heating.  Ph.D. BRADY, Mike Dr. J.P. Kimmins Organic matter dynamics of coastal peat deposits in Sumatra, Indonesia. CHEN, Han Dr. K. Klinka Responses of some conifers to light availability, survival growth, morphological characteristics, and physiological behaviour. C U M M I N G , Steve Drs. P L. Marshall/P. Burton Landscape dynamics of the boreal mixedwood forest. GASTON, Christopher Dr. D. Haley An econometric analysis of the demand for wood products in Japan by product type, species, and source. LAU, Peter Dr. J.D. Barrett Behaviour and reliability of wood tension members exposed to elevated temperatures. LIU, Ruiving Dr. J.N. Ruddick The influence of didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC) treatment on wood weathering. LU, Jianxiong Dr. S. Non-darcian air How in wood.  Avramidis  McINTOSH, Rory Dr. J.A. McLean Biology and behaviour of the white pine weevil Pissodes strobi (Peck.) in while spruce. ROBINSON, Richard Dr. B. van der Kamp Response of western larch and Douglas-fir to infection by Armillaria ostoxae. SHISHIDO, Masahiro Dr. C.P. Chanway Plant growth promoting rhizobactcria (PGPR) for interior spruce (Picea engelmannii x P. glauca) seedlings. T H O M A S , Len Dr. K. Martin Evaluation of statistical methods for estimating long-term population change from extensive wildlife surveys. W A N G , Jianrang Dr. J. P. Kimmins Competition between paper birch and Douglas-fir in two different biogeoclimatic zones of British Columbia.  1997 Annual  Report  11  DEGREES GRANTED Graduate Students  B I N K L E Y , Clark S. A.B.. M.S. (Harvard), Ph.D. (Yale), R.P.F. (Hon.) Dean Phone: ( 6 0 4 ) 8 2 2 - 2 4 6 7 E-mail: binkley@unixg.ubc.ca  OFFICE OF THE DEAN  C H A N W A Y . C h r i s t o p h e r P. B.Sc. (Winn.), B.S.Ag. (Manit.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) Associate Dean, G r a d u a t e S t u d i e s Responsible for administering all aspects of Forestry graduate programs.  FACULTY  Phone: ( 6 0 4 ) 8 2 2 - 3 7 1 6 E-mail: cchanway@unixg.ubc.ca  AND STAFF  G U Y . Robert D. B.Sc.. Ph.D. (Calg.) Associate Dean, R e s e a r c h Responsible for the promotion of research and for overseeing administration of all externally-sponsored research activities.  Phone: (604) 822-2727 Fax: ( 6 0 4 ) 8 2 2 - 8 6 4 5 E-mail: forrecep@unixg.ubc.ca  Phone: (604) 8 2 2 - 6 0 2 3 E-mail: guy@unixg.ubc.ca  K O Z A K . Antal ( T o n y ) B.S.F. (Sopron), M.F., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), D.Sc. Honoris causa (Sopron) Associate Dean, U n d e r g r a d u a t e P r o g r a m s & A c a d e m i c A f f a i r s Responsible for administering academic programs including curriculum and calendar changes, admissions, transfers and advancements and for disciplining undergraduate students. Phone: (604) 822-3545 E-mail: kozak@unixe.ubc.ca  W A T T S , S u s a n B. B.Sc. (N. Wales), M.F., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. Assistant Dean, External Relations Responsible for directing external relations activities, for promoting research, for coordinating project proposal development and for producing Faculty Newsletters and Annual Reports. Phone: ( 6 0 4 ) 8 2 2 - 6 3 1 6 E-mail; suwatts@unixg.ubc.ca  12  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  D R I S C O L L , Helen B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Phone: (604) 8 2 2 - 3 5 4 7 E-mail: hdrisc0l@unix2.ubc.ca  Coordinator Student Services  MacIVOR, Madeleine Phone: (604) 822-0651 E-mail: macivor@unixg.ubc.ca  Coordinator First Nations Forestry Programs  M a c K E N Z I E , T a r a Scott B.B.A. (New Bruns.) Phone: ( 6 0 4 ) 8 2 2 - 8 7 1 6 E-mail: tarscott@unixg.ubc.ca S C H I N N E R L , Sandra B.Comm. (Brit. Col.) Phone: ( 6 0 4 ) 8 2 2 - 9 6 2 7 E-mail: sandra@unix2.ubc.ca  Development Officer  Associate Director International Forestry Programs  FACULTY AND STAFF  ALIVOJVODIC, Barbara Administrator Phone: ( 6 0 4 ) 8 2 2 - 5 5 4 2 E-mail: alivoj@unixg.ubc.ca  LAI, Charles Clerk Phone: ( 6 0 4 ) 8 2 2 - 4 3 1 2 E-mail: chalai@unixg.ubc.ca  ATKINSON, Wendy B.A. (Hons.) (Vic.) Secretary Phone: ( 6 0 4 ) 8 2 2 - 2 1 7 6 E-mail: atkinso@unixg.ubc.ca  Q U A Y , Patsy Editorial Assistant Phone: (604) 8 2 2 - 4 0 7 2 E-mail: quay@unixg.ubc.ca  BERG, Anonda Undergraduate Programs Secretary Phone: (604) 8 2 2 - 2 7 2 7 E-mail: forrecep@unixg.ubc.ca HARTSON, Donna Secretary to the Dean Phone: (604) 8 2 2 - 3 5 4 2 E-mail: hartson@unixg.ubc.ca  S C H O B E L , Karen Graduate Programs Secretary Phone: (604) 8 2 2 - 6 1 7 7 E-mail: gradfor@unixg.ubc.ca T U R N E R , Ron B.A. (Brit. Col.) Project Manager - Forest Sciences Centre Phone: ( 6 0 4 ) 8 2 2 - 0 7 7 3 E-mail: turner@unixg.ubc.ca  JAMES, Rob B.A. (Simon Fraser), CNA, MCSE Systems Coordinator Phone: (604) 8 2 2 - 6 7 9 3 E-mail: robjames@unixg.ubc.ca  1997 Annual  Report  13  FOREST RESOURCES MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT Younes Alila  Timothy Ballard  Dennis Bendickson  Clark Binkley  Mm  I '•WKKF' i Jonathan Fannin  David Haley  George Hoberg  Antal Kozak  Donald Luvmes  Peter Marshall  Peter Murtha  John Nelson  S.E. (Tim) Salcudean  Stephen Sheppard  Roy Sidle  David Tait  David Tindall  G.C. (Casey) van Kooten  Paul W o o d  Valerie LeMay Acting Head  LeMAY, Valerie M.  HOBERG, George  Associate Professor and Acting Head • Biometrics/Mensuration B.Sc. (1981), M.Sc. (1982) Alta., Ph.D. (1989) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-4770 E-mail: lemay@unixg.ubc.ca  Associate Professor (Forest Resources Management, Political Science) • Forest Policy B.S. (1980) Berkeley, Ph.D. (1987) MIT Phone: (604) 822-3728 E-mail: hoberg@unixg.ubc.ca  ALILA, Younes  KOZAK, Antal  Assistant Professor • Forest Engineering Hydrology B.A.Sc. (1985), M.A.Sc. (1987), Ph.D. (1994) Ottawa, P. Eng. Phone: (604) 822-6058 E-mail: alila@unixg.ubc.ca  Professor and Associate Dean • Biometrics, New Methodology for Forest Inventory B.S.F. (1959) Sopron, M.F. (1961), Ph.D. (1963) Brit. Col.. D.Sc. Honoris causa (1989) Sopron Phone: (604) 822-3545 E-mail: kozak@unixg.ubc.ca  FOREST RESOURCES MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT  BALLARD, Timothy M. Professor (Forest Resources Management, Soil Science) • Forest Soils B.S.F. (1961), M.F. (1963), Ph.D. (1968) Wash. Phone: (604) 822-2300 E-mail: thai lard @unixg.ubc.ca  BENDICKSON, Dennis F. Instructor I • Forest Operations B.S.F. (1971) Brit. Col.. R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-5932 E-mail: dbendick@unixg.ubc.ca  Assistant Professor (Forest Resources Management, Landscape Architecture) • Landscape Design, Visual Resource Management B.L.A. (1986) Brit. Col., M.L.A. (1991) Guelph Phone: (604) 822-3459 E-mail: luymes@unixg.ubc.ca  FACULTY AND STAFF  MARSHALL, Peter L. Associate Professor • Growth and Yield, Forest Management B.Sc.F. (1976), M.Sc.F. (1979) Tor., Ph.D. (1984) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-4918 E-mail: marshall@unixg.ubc.ca  BINKLEY, Clark S. Professor and Dean • Forest Economics A.B. (1971), M.S. (1976) Harv., Ph.D. (1979) Yale, R.P.F. (Hon.) Phone: (604) 822-2467 E-mail: binkley@unixg.ubc.ca  Dept. Phone: (604) 8 2 2 - 3 4 8 2 Dept. Fax:  MURTHA, Peter A.  FANNIN, R. Jonathan Associate Professor (Forest Resources Management, Civil Engineering) • Forest Engineering, Roads, Soils, Terrain Stability Assessment B.Sc.(Hons.) (1983) Belfast, Ph.D. (1987) Oxford, P. Eng. Phone: (604)822-3133 E-mail: jonathan.fannin@ubc.ca  HALEY, David Professor • Forest Economics, Forest Policy B.Sc. (1962) Aberd., M.F. (1964), Ph.D. (1966) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-5634 E-mail: dhaley@unixg.ubc.ca  LUYMES, Donald  Analysis  Professor (Forest Resources Management, Soil Science) • Remote Sensing, Image Analysis, Satellite Data Interpretation, Land Classification and Terrain Analysis B.Sc.F. (1961) Tor., M.Sc. (1964), Ph.D. (1968) Cornell, M.C.A.S.I. Phone: (604)822-6452 E-mail: murtha@unixg.ubc.ea  NELSON, John D. Associate Professor • Timber Supply Planning B.S.F. (1980), M.B.A. (1982) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1988) Oregon State, R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-3902 E-mail: nelson@unixg.ubc.ca  SALCUDEAN, S.E. (Tim) Associate Professor (Forest Resources Management, Electrical Engineering) • Robotics/Control B.Eng. (1979), M.Eng. (1981) McG., Ph.D. (1986) Berkeley, P. Eng. Phone: (604) 822-3243 E-mail: iims@ee.ubc.ca  1997 Annual Report  15  (604)822-9106  SHEPPARD, Stephen  • Honorary Lecturers  Associate Professor (Forest Resources Management, Landscape Architecture) • CIS, Visual Management, Planning B.A. (1974), M.Sc. (1976) Brit. Col., M.A. (1980) Oxford, Ph.D. (1982) Berkeley Phone: (604) 822-6582 E-mail: shep@unixg.ube.ca  S A N D E R S , Peter R.W. B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. • Silviculture  SIDLE, Roy  • Research Associates  Professor and F R B C Chair in Forest Hydrology (Forest Resources Management, Geography) • Forest Hydrology B.S. (1970)! M.S. (1972) Arizona, Ph.D. (1976) Penn. State Phone: (604) 822-3169 E-mail: sidle@unixg.ubc.ca  FACULTY AND STAFF  TAIT, David E.N. Assistant Professor • Optimization Techniques, Forest Planning B.Sc. (1968), M.Sc. (1970), Ph.D. (1983) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-2997 E-mail: dtait@unixg.ubc.ca  TINDALL, David B.  Forest Resources Management Department  Assistant Professor (Forest Resources Management, Sociology) • Sociology/Conservation B.A. (1985), M.A. (1989) Vic.. Ph.D. (1994) Tor. Phone: (604) 822-2550/2363 E-mail: tindall@unixg.ubc.ca  VAN KOOTEN, G.C. (Casey) Professor (Forest Resources Management, Agricultural Economics) • Economics of Natural Resources B.Sc. (1972), M.A. (1974) Alia., Ph.D. (1982) Oregon State Phone: (604) 822-4518 E-mail: gerrit@unixg.ubc.ca  WOOD, Paul Assistant Professor • Conservation Policy, Environmental Ethics B.Sc. (1973), Ph.D. (1994) Brit. Col., R.P.F., R.P.Bio. Phone: (604) 822-0951 E-mail: paulwood@unixg.ubc.ca  S A U D E R , Brent J. B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. • Forest Operations  B A C K M A N , Charles B.S.F., M.B.A. (Brit. Col.), M.A.I.S., Ph.D. (Wash.) • International Trade and Forest Products Z U M R A W I , Abdel A z i m B.Sc.. M.Sc., Ph.D. (Oregon State) • Biometrics, Growth and Yield  Modeling  • Post-doctoral Fellows L A V A L L E E , Loraine B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Social Psychology WHITAKER, Andrew B.Sc. (Bristol), M.Sc. (Newcastle), Ph.D. (Montana) • Hydro log ic Mo del in g  • Adjunct Professors C O T T E L L , Philip L. B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Yale), R.P.F. D E M A E R S C H A L K , Julien P. B.S.F. (Louvain), M.F., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) H A L L , T h o m a s H. B.A., M.Sc. (Indiana), M.Sc.F. (N. Bruns.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. H U D S O N , Robert B.Sc., M.Sc. (Calg.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) ILES, Kimberley B.S., M.Sc. (Oregon), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) M A G N U S S E N , Steen M.Sc. (Copenhagen), Ph.D. (Gottingen) M A T A K A L A , Patrick B.Sc., M.Sc. (Lakehead). Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) M I T C H E L L , Kenneth J. B.S.F. (Brit. Col.), M.F., Ph.D. (Yale), R.P.F. W I L L I A M S , Douglas H. B.Sc. (Simon Fraser), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.)  • Sessional Lecturers B Y N G , David B.S.F. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Operations  W O Z N O W , Ron B.Sc. (Alia.), Ph.D. (UNB)  • Staff  MESSENGER. Meggin B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) • Strategic Planning  AKAI, Heather Administrative Assistant AQUINO, David B.Sc.F. (National Agrarian), M.F. (Brit. Col. Research Assistant/Technician  16  UBC Faculty of  Forestry  COUCH, Mary Lou Secretary GIZOWSKI, David B.Sc. (Alta.) Computer Research Analyst LAI, Charles Departmental Clerk M A E D E L , Jerry B.F.A., T.C. (Vic.), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) GIS/RS Coordinator SHANNON, Tim B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.) Research Analyst V E R W O E R D , Harry Research Assistant/Technician  S I D L E , Roy Dr. Roy Sidle joined the Faculty this past year as Professor and F R B C Chair in Forest Hydrology. This is a joint appointment with Geography. Dr. Sidle has been conducting research and managing an international program within I G B P in Denmark and Holland for the past three years. His current research interests include cumulative watershed effects, headwater hydrology, and landslide studies.  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1997-98 •  A new diploma in Forest Resources Engineering was approved by Senate.  •  Dr. Stephen Sheppard was hired in a joint appointment between Forest Resources M a n a g e m e n t and Landscape Architecture.  ACHIEVEMENTS  •  Dr. Roy Sidle was hired in a joint appointment between Forest Resources M a n a g e m e n t and Geography to fill one of the two F R B C Chairs in Forest Hydrology.  PLANS  • Retirement Dr. G o r d o n Baskerville has retired from the Faculty after serving as Head of the Forest Resources M a n a g e m e n t Department since 1993. He is continuing his professional work as a consultant.  •  An external review of the department was completed.  Forest Resources Management Department  • New Faculty Appointments BENDICKSON, Dennis Mr. Dennis Bendickson joined the Faculty as an Instructor in Forest Operations this year. He has many years of professional experience in forest operations, management, and consulting. HOBERG, George Dr. George Hoberg joined the Forestry Faculty as an Associate Professor in Forest Policy in 1997. Prior to j o i n i n g the Faculty, he held a full time appointment in the Political Science Department at U B C . His research interests include comparative public policy, forest and environmental policy. SHEPPARD, Stephen Dr. Stephen Sheppard joined the Faculty in the summer of 1997 as an Associate Professor in a joint appointment with Landscape Architecture. He has worked in private practice in the US and UK for over 20 years, both as a specialist in visual resource management and visualization techniques, and as a senior planner applying GIS and environmental impact assessment techniques. He is currently developing a centre of excellence at U B C for research in integration of GIS, computer visualization, and public involvement techniques to support decisionmaking on forest resource and land planning issues.  PLANS FOR 1998-99 •  The search for a new Department Head will be conducted this year.  •  T h e new B.S.F. (Forest Resources Management) program will be drafted this year, and will include two periods of forestry-only enrolment, allowing for more field-oriented and problem-based learning.  •  Searches for the F R B C Chair and an Assistant Professor in Forest M a n a g e m e n t are being conducted. The two positions are expected to be very influential in teaching the revised B.S.F. (Forest Resources M a n a g e m e n t ) program.  •  T h e m o v e to the new Forest Sciences Centre will bring all Department members together enhancing joint research programs.  •  A review of the B.S.F. (Forest Operations) program will begin this year. The review will assess the possible eligibility of graduates to register as Professional Engineers.  •  A study of the feasibility of offering a M a s t e r ' s degree leading to eligibility for obtaining status in the Association of B.C. Professional Foresters will begin this year.  •  Expansion of GIS courses and teaching support.  1997 Annual  Report  AND  17  WOOD SCIENCE DEPARTMENT  David Barrett Head  Stavros Avramidis  Colette Breuil  David Cohen  Patrick Cramond  Simon Ellis  Robert Kozak  Frank Lam  Thomas Maness  Laszlo Paszner  Helmut Prion  John Ruddick  Jack Saddler  BARRETT, J. David  LAM, Frank  Professor and Head • Wood Products Engineering B.A.Sc. (1965) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1973) Berkeley, F.I.A.W.S., P. Eng. Phone: (604) 822-5852 E-mail: dbarrett@unixg.ubc.ca  Assistant Professor • Wood Mechanics B.A.Sc. (1982), M.A.Sc. (1985), Ph.D. (1992) Brit. Col., F.I.W.Sc., P. Eng. Phone: (604) 822-6526 E-mail: franklam@unixg.ubc.ca  AVRAMIDIS, Stavros  MANESS, Thomas  Associate Professor • Wood Physics and Drying B.S.F. (1981) Thessaloniki, M.S. (1983), Ph.D. (1986) SUNY, Syracuse Phone: (604) 822-6153 E-mail: stavros@unixg.ubc.ca  Associate Professor and Director, Centre for Advanced W o o d Processing • Wood Products Processing B.S.F. (1979) W. Virginia, M.Sc. (1981) Virginia Polytech., Ph.D. (1989) Wash. Phone: (604) 822-2150 E-mail: maness@unixg.ubc.ea  BREUIL, Colette Associate Professor and N S E R C Industrial Junior Chair • Forest Products Biotechnology B.Sc. (1971) Lyon, M.Sc. (1974) Ottawa, Ph.D. (1977) Lyon Phone: (604) 222-3200 loc. 421 E-mail: breuil@unixg.ubc.ca  COHEN, David H. Associate Professor • Forest Products Marketing and Management Dipl. For. Tech. (1976) Selkirk, B.Sc. (1986) Idaho, Ph.D. (1989) Virginia Polytech. Phone: (604)822-6716 E-mail: dcohen@unixe.ubc.ca  CRAMOND, Patrick Instructor I (Wood Science, Mechanical Engineering) • Wood Products Processing B.A.Sc. (1974) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-1287 E-mail: pcramond@mech.ubc.ca  ELLIS, Simon C. Associate Professor • Wood Anatomy and Quality B.Sc. (Hons.) (1983) N. Wales, M.Sc. (1986), Ph.D. (1989) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-3551 E-mail: sellis@unixg.ubc.ca  KOZAK, Robert A.  WOOD SCIENCE DEPARTMENT  PASZNER, Laszlo Professor • Chemical Utilization of Wood, Wood Products B.S.F. (1958) Sopron , M.F. (1963), Ph.D. (1966) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-2139 E-mail: paszner@unixg.ubc.ca  FACULTY AND  Reconstituted  STAFF  PRION, Helmut G.L. Assistant Professor (Wood Science, Civil Engineering) • Engineered Timber Structures Design Hons. B.Eng. (1974) Stellenbosch, Ph.D. (1987) Tor., P. Eng. Phone: (604) 822-3864 E-mail: prion@civil.ubc.ca  Dept. Phone: (604) 822-5303 Dept. Fax: (604)822-9104 E-mail: woodubc@unixg.ubc.ca www.wood.ubc.ca  RUDDICK, John N.R. Professor • Wood Preservation B.Sc. (1965), M.Sc. (1966) Newcastle, Ph.D. (1970) Lond. Phone: (604) 822-3736 E-mail: ruddick@unixg.ubc.ca  SADDLER, Jack N. Professor and N S E R C Industrial Senior Chair • Forest Products Biotechnology B.Sc. (Hons.) (1975) Edin., Ph.D. (1978) Glas. Phone: (604) 222-3220 E-mail: saddler@unixg.ubc.ca  Assistant Professor • Forest Products Utilization B.Sc. (1988), Ph.D. (1996) Brit. Col. Phone: (604)822-2402 E-mail: rkozak@unixg.ubc.ca  1997 Annual Report  19  • Visiting Professors  • Adjunct Professors  B R A M E R , Mark Tech. Ed. Dipl. & Ont. Teachers Cert. (Ont.) Woodworking Mfg. Tech. Dipl. (Conestoga Coll.) • Wood Products Processing  B E A T S O N , Roger B.Sc. (Exeter), Ph.D. (W. Ont.)  S C H L E U S E N E R , Jorg Diploma (CSISH) • Wood Finishing  DINUS, Ronald B.S. (Penn.), M.Sc. (Wash.), Ph.D. (Oregon State) E N E G R E N , Terry B.A.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.)  SCHOLZ, Freider Ph.D. (Munich) • Wood Products Processing  MORRIS, PAUL B.Sc., Ph.D. (London) P L A C K E T T , David B.Sc. (Sussex), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.)  • Research Associates  FACULTY AND STAFF  • Staff  SERREQI, Alessio B.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (McG.) • Forest Products Biotechnology S H E V C H E N K O , Sergey S.Sc. Chem. (Russia), B.S., M.S. (Leningrad) • Forest Products Biotechnology  BIERNACKI, j a c k B.S. (Warsaw), M.S., Ph.D. (Berkeley) • Nondestructive Evaluation of Wood  Products  BOUSSAID, Abdel Ph.D. (Oregon) • Forest Products  Biotechnology  CAI, Liping M.Sc. (NW For. Univ., China), Ph.D. (Michigan Tech.) • Wood Drying and Physics CAI, Yijin B.Sc. (Nanjing, China), Ph.D. (Hong Kong) • Forest Products Biotechnology J O H A N S S O N , Carl B.Sc., Ph.D. (Simon Fraser) • Forest Products Biotechnology KIM, Seong B.Sc., M.Sc. (Korea), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Products Biotechnology O U D J E H A N E , Azzeddine B.Eng. (Ecole Nat. Polytech. d'Algeria), M.Sc. (INPG, France) Ph.D. (Univ. Blaise Clermont Ferrand, France) • Wood Composites UZUNOVIC, Adnan B.Sc., Ph.D. (Lond.) • Forest Products Biotechnology  FURST, Dayna Departmental Clerk GREGG, David B.Sc. (Calg.), M.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Scientist  • Post-doctoral Fellows Wood Science Department  B E R N A L D E Z , James B.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Engineer  HASTINGS, Diana B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technician LEE, George B.Sc. (China), M.Sc. (Oregon State) Wood Engineer Scientist MUCCI, Blanche Business Administration Cert. (Ryerson) Administrative Assistant M Y R O N U K , Robert Dipl. Tech. (BCIT) Research Support Services Supervisor NORLIN, Peter M.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technician SIDHU, Avtar B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Scientist S Y M O N S , Paul B.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Engineer T H O M S O N , Sandy B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Student Affairs and Public Relations W A N G , Yin Tang B.Eng., M.Eng. (Hohai Univ., China) Wood Engineering Scientist ZHAO, Jay B.A.Sc. (Tsinghua Univ., Beijing), M.A.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), Computer Specialist  20  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  • Promotions A V R A M I D I S , Stavros - promoted to Professor effective July 1, 1998. BREUIL, Colette - promoted to Professor effective July I, 1998.  • New Faculty Appointment C R A M O N D , Patrick Mr. Patrick Cramond joined the Faculty in 1997 as an Instructor in Mechanical Engineering after spending 23 years in industry, working mainly with forest products processing machines. Patrick is appointed jointly between Wood Science and Mechanical Engineering (Faculty of Applied Science). His teaching will include a course on machine component design to forestry students and industry training courses at the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing.  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1997-98 •  The 4 th year of the new Wood Products Processing Degree program was implemented  •  Successfully introduced a block teaching format for selected Wood Products Processing courses using international experts.  •  Through the efforts of the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing, our Wood Products Processing students have Coop placements in primary and secondary wood processing firms across Canada.  •  Faculty members from the Fachhochschule Rosenheim and the Swiss Institute for Wood Engineering continue to make significant contributions to the design and delivery of the Wood Products Processing program.  •  Appointed a Student Services Coordinator to lead the recruiting program for the Wood Products Processing program.  •  Faculty searches for three new Wood Products Processing positions and a Wood Composites position were initiated.  •  Collaborated with the B.C. industry to establish the BC Network for Wood Building Design and Construction.  •  Completed detailed planning for teaching and research space in the new Forest Sciences Centre.  •  An external review of the Department of Wood Science was completed.  PLANS FOR 1998-99 Implement Year 5 of the Wood Products Processing degree program. Complete faculty searches for Wood Products Processing position and the Wood Composites position. Submit a curriculum proposal to establish the new graduate program in Wood and Fibre Science and Technology. Submit a curriculum proposal to establish the new graduate program in Wood Building Design and Construction. Complete the move to the new Forest Sciences Centre and the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing. Expand research collaborations in the fields of secondary wood processing, wood composites and wood building design and construction.  ACHIEVEMENTS AND PLANS Wood Science Department  1997 Annual  Report  21  FOREST SCIENCES DEPARTMENT  Gene Namkoong Head  Sally Aitken  Fred Bunnell  Chris Chanway  Yousry El-Kassaby  Michael Feller  Susan Glenn  Robert Guy  Scott Hinch  J.P. (Hamish) Kimmins  Karel Klinka  Kathy Martin  John McLean  Steve Mitchell  Laura Nagel  Cindy Prescott  John Richardson  Kermit Ritland  Bart van tier Kamp  Susan Watts  Gordon Weetman  John Worrall  J  NAMKOONG, Gene  GUY, Robert D.  Professor and Head • Population and Quantitative Genetics B.S. (1956), M.S. (1958) SUNY, Ph.D. (1963) N. Carolina State Univ., Dhe (Swedish Agric. Univ.) Phone: (604) 822-8275 E-mail: gene@unixg.ubc.ca  Associate Professor and Associate Dean • Plant Physiology B.Sc. (1977), Ph.D. (1984) Calg. Phone: (604)822-6023 E-mail: guy@unixg.ubc.ca  AITKEN, Sally N. Assistant Professor and Jr. NSERC/Industria! Research Chair in Population Genetics • Genecology and Physiological Genetics B.S.F. (Hons.) (1984) Brit. Col.. M.Sc. (1986), Ph.D. (1989) Berkeley Phone: (604) 822-6020 E-mail: aitken@unixg.ube.ca  KIMMINS, J.P. (Hamish)  BUNNELL, Fred L. Professor and Director, Centre for Applied Conservation Biology • Wildlife Population Dynamics, Influences Forestry Practices on Wildlife B.S.F. (Hons.) (1965) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1973) Berkeley, R.P.Bio. Phone: (604) 822-5928 E-mail: fbunnell@unixg.ubc.ca  of  FACULTY  Professor • Forest Ecology, Sustainability of Managed Forests, Modelling Forest Ecosystems B.Sc. (1964) N. Wales, M.Sc. (1966) Berkeley, M. Phil. (1968), Ph.D. (1970) Yale, R.P.F. (Hon.) Phone: (604) 822-3549 E-mail: kimmins@unixg.ubc.ca  AND STAFF  KLINKA, Karel Professor and V.J. Krajina/B.C. Forest Service Chair in Silvics and Silviculture • Forest Ecology, Silvics For. Eng. (1960) Prague, Ph.D. (1976) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-3047 E-mail: klinka@unixg.ubc.ca  CHANWAY, Christopher P. Associate Professor and Associate Dean (Forest Sciences, Soil Science) • Soil Microbiology B.Sc. (1978) Winn.! B.S. Ag. (1980) Manit., M.Sc. (1983). Ph.D. (1987) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-3716 E-mail: cchanway@unixg.ubc.ca  Dept. Phone: (604) 8 2 2 - 2 5 0 7 Dept. Fax:  MARTIN, Kathy M.  EL-KASSABY, Yousry Professor (Western Forest Products Limited) • Quantitative Genetics B.Sc. (1970) Alexandra, M.Sc. (1976)Tanta, Ph.D. (1980) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-1821 E-mail: yelkassaby@westernforest.com  Associate Professor (Canadian Wildlife Service) • Avian Ecology and Conservation in Forest, Grassland and Alpine Ecosystems B.Sc. (1970) Prince Edward Is., M.Sc. (1973) Aha., Ph.D. (1985) Queen's Phone: (604) 822-9695 E-mail: kmartin@unixg.ubc.ca  McLEAN, John A.  FELLER, Michael C. Associate Professor • Fire Science and Water Quality B.Sc. (Hons.) (1968), M.Sc. (1969) Melbourne, Ph.D. (1975) Brit. Col., R.P.Bio. Phone: (604) 822-3729 E-mail: feller@unixg.ubc.ca  Professor • Forest Entomology B.Sc. (1965), M.Sc. (1968) Auckland, Ph.D. (1976) Simon Fraser, F.R.E.S., R.P.Bio. Phone: (604) 822-3360 E-mail: mclean@unixg.ubc.ca  MITCHELL, Steve  GLENN, Susan M. Assistant Professor • Conservation Biology and Landscape B.Sc. (1983) Tor., M.Sc. (1985) Guelph, Ph.D. (1990) Oklahoma Phone: (604) 822-4131 E-mail: sglenn@unixg.ubc.ca  FOREST SCIENCES DEPARTMENT  HINCH, Scott G. Assistant Professor (Forest Sciences, Institute for Resources and Environment) • Aquatic Ecology and Fish/Forestry Interactions B.Sc. (Hons.) (1985), M.Sc. (1987) W. Ont., Ph.D. (1992) Tor. Phone: (604) 822-9377 E-mail: shinch@unixg.ubc.ea  Ecology  Instructor II • Silviculture B.S.F. (1987) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604)822-4591 E-mail: smitchel@unixe.ubc.ca  1997 Annual Report  23  (604) 8 2 2 - 9 1 0 2  NAGEL, Laura Instructor I • Conservation Biology B.Sc. (1989) Tor., M.Sc. (1994) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-4987 E-mail: lnagel@unixg.ubc.ca  • Sessional Faculty KLENNER, Walter Assistant Professor • Wildlife Ecology B.Sc. (1976), M.Sc. (1982) Manit., Ph.D. (1990) Brit. Col., R.P. Bio.  PRESCOTT, Cindy Assistant Professor • Forest Nutrition B.Sc.(Hons.) (1981) Brock, M.Sc. (1984), Ph.D. (1988) Calg. Phone: (604)822-4701 E-mail: cpres@unixg.ubc.ca  RICHARDSON, John S.  FACULTY AND STAFF Forest Sciences Department  Assistant Professor (B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands & Parks) • Hydroriparian Systems B.Sc. (1979) Tor., M.Sc. (1983) Alta., Ph.D. (1989) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-6586 E-mail: jrichard@unixg.ubc.ca  RITLAND, Kermit Professor and Sr. NSERC/Industrial Research Chair in Population Genetics • Population and Quantitative Genetics B.Sc. (1977) Wash., Ph.D. (1982) Calif. Phone: (604)822-8101 E-mail: ritland@unixg.ubc.ca  VAN DER KAMP, Bart J. Professor • Forest Pathology B.S.F. (1964) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1967) Aberd. Phone: (604) 822-2728 E-mail: vdkamp@unixg.ubc.ca  WATTS, Susan B. Lecturer and Assistant Dean • Forest Entomology B.Sc. (1973) N. Wales, M.F. (1976), Ph.D. (1981) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-6316 E-mail: suwatts@unixg.ubc.ca  WEETMAN, Gordon F. Professor • Silviculture B.Sc.F. (1955) Tor., M.F. (1958), Ph.D. (1962) Yale, R.P.F., F. Eng. Phone: (604) 822-2504 E-mail: gweetman@unixg.ubc.ca  WORRALL, John G. Associate Professor • Tree Physiology, Tree Growth Mechanisms and Climatic Influence B.Sc. (1959) Durham, B.S.F. (1963) Brit. Col., M.F. (1964), M. Phil. (1967), Ph.D. (1968) Yale Phone: (604) 822-3516 E-mail: worrall@unixg.ubc.ca  24  UBC Faculty of Forestry  • Sessional Lecturers ELLIOTT, Dave B.Sc.(Hons.) (Aust.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Dendrology M c C O R M I C K , James B.Sc., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Wildlife Ecology  and  Management  • Research Associates C H A N - M c L E O D , Ann C. Allaye B.Sc.F., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Alaska) • Physiological Ecology C H E N , Han M.Sc. (Nanjing For. Univ.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Ecology and Silviculture D O B R Y , Jaroslav B.Sc., Ph.D. (Prague) • Dendrochronology K I F F N E Y , Peter B.S. (N. Carolina State), M.S. (Calif.), Ph.D. (Colorado) • Community and Ecosystem Ecology K O S H Y , M a t h e w P. B.Sc., M.Sc. (Kerala), M.Sc. (Wales), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Genetics R I T L A N D , Carol B.Sc., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Tor.) • Molecular Genetics S I L I M , Salini N. B.Sc. (Makerere), M.Sc.F. (New Bruns.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Tree Physiology QIAN, Hong B.S., M.S. (Anhui Ag.), Ph.D. (Chinese Acad. Sci., Shenyan, China) • Plant Ecology V O N E U L E R , Frederik B.Sc.F., Ph.D. (Swedish Ag.) • Biodiversity Patterns W E L H A M , Clive B.Sc., M.Sc., (Manit.), Ph.D. (Simon Fraser) • Biosciences  • Honorary Research Associate C A R T E R , Rcid B.Sc., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. • Forest Ecology and Management  W A N G , Tongli M.Sc., Ph.D. (Helsinki) • Forest Tree Breeding  • Post-doctoral Fellows A W A D E L - K A R I M , Salah M.Sc. (Leningrad), M.Sc. (UMIST), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Wood Pulp and Paper Chemistry Technology  V E N N E R , Kirsty B.Sc. (York), Ph.D. (Edinburgh) • Tree Nutrition, Soil Rehabilitation  Y O U N G , Jessica B.S. (Calif., San Diego), Ph.D. (Purdue) • Population Biology and Behavioural and  • Adjunct Professors  B R A D L E Y , Robert B.Sc. (Guelph), B.Sc., Ph.D. (McG.) • Soil Plant Interactions  ALFARO, Rene I.  C A R C A M O , H e c t o r A. B.Sc., M.Sc. (Alta.), Ph.D. (Calg.) • Soil Ecology  ANDISON, David B.Sc. (Tor.), B. Arch., Ph.D. (Brit.Col.) AXELROOD, Paige E. B.Sc., M.Sc. (Oregon State), Ph.D. (Calif.)  FU, Y o n g - B i B.Sc. (Nanjing), M.Sc. (Lakehead), Ph.D. (Tor.) • Population/Forest Genetics  BARKER, J o h n E. B.Sc. (Brit. Col.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Calif.)  B.Sc. (Chile), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Simon Fraser)  FACULTY AND STAFF  BURTON, Philip J. B.Sc. (Sask.), M.Sc. (Hawaii), Ph.D. (Illinois)  G O O D W I L L I E , Carol B.Sc. (Mass.). Ph.D. (Wash.) • Evolutionary Ecology HANNERZ, Mats M.Sc.F., Lie. For. (Swedish Agric.Univ.) • Forest Ecology K R E S T O V , Pavel B.Sc., M.Sc.. Ph.D. (Vlad) • Plant Ecology  Forest Sciences Department  COMEAU, Philip G. B.Sc.(Vic.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col) DICKINSON, T h o m a s E. B.Sc. (Kingston), M.Sc. (Calg.), Ph.D. (Penn.) GROSSNICKLE, Steven C. B.Sc. (Illinois), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Colorado State)  L A I H O , Raija M.Sc.. Lie. Agr. For., D.Sc. (Helsinki) • Forest Nutrition Dynamics and Nutrient Cycling, Mire Ecology M A R K H A M , John B.Sc. (Guelph), B.Ed. (Dalhousie), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Plant Microbe Interactions MARSHALL, Dawn B.Sc. (Hons.) (Nfld.), Ph.D. (Tor.) • Molecular Evolution MIN, Xiangjia B.Sc. (Shandong), M.Sc. (Beijing), Ph.D. (Hawaii) • Plant Physiology NEVILLE, Sandra B.Sc. (Queen's), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Dalhousie) • Forest Ecology S E E L E Y , Brad B.S. (Redlands), Ph.D. (Boston) • Nutrient Dynamics and Forest  Ecology  Hydrology  T R A V I S , Steve B.S. (Oregon), M.S.. Ph.D. (N. Arizona) • Molecular Ecology  HENRY, Charles L. B.S., M.Sc. (Oregon State), Ph.D. (Wash.) KLENNER, W a l t e r B.Sc., M.Sc. (Manit.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P. Bio. KLIMASZEWSKI, Jan M.Sc., Ph.D. (Wroclaw) KRANNITZ, Pamela G. B.Sc. (Guelph), M.Sc. (W. Ont.), Ph.D. (Queen's) KURZ, W e r n e r Diplom Holzwirt (Hamburg), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) LEADEM, Carole L. B.Sc. (Calif.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P. Bio. LOUSIER, J. Daniel B.Sc. (Nelson), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Calg.), R.P. Bio. MacDONALD, J o h n S. B.Sc. (Simon Fraser), Ph.D. (W. Ont.) McLELLAN, Bruce N. B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P. Bio. McQUEEN, Donald J. B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.)  1997 Annual Report  25  MORRISON, Duncan J. B.S.F., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Cambridge) OTVOS, Imre B.Se.F. (Sopron), M.S., Ph.D. (Berkeley) PRESTON, Caroline M. B.Sc. (McM.), M.A. (Carlton), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) ROCHELLE, James B.Sc., M.Sc. (Wash.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) SAFRANYIK, Laszlo B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) SULLIVAN, Thomas P. B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.)  FACULTY AND STAFF Forest Sciences Department  KLIMUK, Diane B.Sc. (Brit. Col.), M.Sc. (Dalhousie) Research Assistant/Technician KULIS, Yolanta Dipl. Env. Sci. (Capilano Coll.), M.Sc. (Wroclaw) LEE, Eric Financial Clerk LEHMANN, Renate B.Sc. (Trent), M.Sc. (McG.) Research Assistant/Technician LUNSHOF, Jeff Research Assistant/Technician  SPITTLEHOUSE, David L. B.Sc. (Nott.), M.Sc. (Sask.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.)  NAIRN, James B.Sc. (Guelph) Research Assistant/Technician  SUTTON, Benjamin C. B.Sc. (Hon.) (Reading), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.)  PALMER, Sharon Secretary  WANG, Qingli B.Sc. (Shenyang Agric. Univ., PRC), M.Sc. (Northeast For. Univ., PRC), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.)  POIRIER, Lisa B.Sc. (Guelph), MPM, Ph.D. (Simon Fraser) Research Assistant/Technician  • Staff  RAJ, Ben B.Eng. (India) Research Assistant/Technician  ABE, Tricia B.Sc. (Hons.) (Dalhousie) Research Assistant/Technican  SETO, Carrie B.A. (Hong Kong) Administrative Assistant  BLEVINS, Leandra M.S. (North Carolina) Research Scientist BUDGE, Sonya B.Sc. (Hons.) (Acadia), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technican DUPUIS, Linda B.Sc. (Hons.) (Carlton), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technican CHAN, Ivy Dipl. Finance (Brit. Col.) Financial Clerk CHOURMOUZIS, Christine B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. (Guelph) Research Scientist FORSMAN, Hooban B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technician GRAY-MITSUMUNE, Darrin B.Sc. (New Bruns.) Research Assistant/Technician HORNER, Maxine Secretary  UBC Faculty  of  STALEY, Candis Research Assistant/Technician TSZE, Min Research Assistant/Technician TUYTEL, Joanne B.S.F. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technician VARGA, Pal B.S.F., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Scientist WANG, Yuewei Dipl. (Nanjing Forestry, PRC) Laboratory Assistant WIND, Like M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technician  • Promotion MARTIN, Kathy - promoted to Professor effective July I, 1998.  JOHNSON, Jacklyn B.S.Ed. (Minn.) Adminstrative Assistant  26  RATSON, Susan Secretary  Forestry  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1997-98 Dr. Cindy Prescott was appointed to Assistant Professor (grant-tenure track) in Forest Nutrition. Steve Mitchell was appointed as an Instructor in Silviculture. On completion of his doctorate, this rank will be changed to Assistant Professor. His responsibilities include teaching courses in regeneration silviculture and organizing the Forestry Fall Field School. Laura Nagel was hired as Instructor in Conservation Biology. She is responsible for organizing a new interdisciplinary field course for fourth year students. Dr. Lisa Poirier was hired as the teaching support technician to collect and curate demonstration materials for dendrology, forest ecology, forest entomology, forest pathology and forest wildlife ecology and management. On November 3, 1997, nearly 200 people attended the Leslie L. Schaffer lecture by Dr. Daniel Botkin "Getting the Paradigm Right: The Essential Ecological Foundation for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of British Columbia's Forests and Natural Resources. " Copies of his talk are available from the Department.  PLANS FOR 1998-99 •  Establish the Genetic Data Centre within the new Forest Sciences Centre.  •  Initiate short courses on genetics and biodiversity for international students.  •  The search for a FRBC endowed position in Applied Conservation Biology (Terrestrial Vertebrate or Riparian Ecologist) is expected to be completed this year.  •  The search for a senior FRBC Chair position in Silviculture is expected to be completed this year.  •  With the retirement of Dr. Gene Namkoong, a search for a new Department Head will be conducted.  •  Appoint a computer specialist to provide computer and network support to the Department. This person is expected to participate in various research projects and assist in teaching labs and field schools. Maintain high level of proposals to NSERC, Forest Renewal BC and other funding agencies.  •  The move to the new Forest Sciences Centre will bring all Department members together at the same location. This is expect-cd to improve Department administration and increase the interaction between Department members.  t  Report  AND PLANS  •  1997 Annual  ACHIEVEMENTS  27  Forest Sciences Department  T UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FORESTS  SANDERS, Peter B.S.F., M.F., R.P.F. Director University Research Forests E-mail: sanders@unixg.ubc.ca POWER, Cheryl B.S.F., R.P.F. Resident Forester Malcolm Knapp Research Forest, Maple Ridge E-mail: power® unixg.ubc.ca Phone: Fax:  (604)463-8148 (604)463-2712  DAY, Ken B.Sc.F., R.P.F. Manager Alex Fraser Research Forest Williams Lake E-mail: kenday@unixg.ubc.ca TRETHEWEY, Claire R.P.F., R.P.Bio. Research Forester Alex Fraser Research Forest, Williams Lake E-mail: trethewa@unixg.ubc.ca Phone: (250) 392-2207 Fax: (250) 398-5708  HE Faculty of Forestry operates two research forests: the coastal UBC Malcolm Knapp Research Forest (MKRF) in Maple Ridge, and the UBC Alex Fraser Research Forest (AFRF) in the interior near Williams Lake. The mission of the Research Forests is to support the Faculty of Forestry in serving the people of B.C. through excellence in education and scholarship in forestry broadly defined. Thus both Forests are dedicated to research and education. The location of the Forests, covering five biogeoclimatic zones and three different tenure systems, offers a wide array of research and education opportunities. The Malcolm Knapp Research Forest operates an adjacent Woodlot Licence which is used extensively for teaching and, to a limited extent, for research. The Malcolm Knapp Research Forest was established in 1949, the Woodlot License WL0037 in 1986 and the Alex Fraser Research Forest in 1987 - a combined total of over 15,000 ha. The Forests provide sites and services for research and educational activities for UBC, other universities, colleges and a wide variety of agencies. Over 1,000 research projects have been initiated to date, ranging in scope from growth and yield studies, to forensic entomology, flying squirrel habitat studies and metal weathering. Currently over 300 research projects are active and can be referenced through the Faculty web site.  Peter Sanders Director  Malcolm Knapp Research Forest • Thirty-seven new research projects were initiated. • Infrastructure (roads and landings) tor a major helicopter harvesting program was constructed. • One new bridge was constructed. • The rate of timber harvesting slowed down reflecting a downturn in the market. • A major riparian zone research project covering over 400 ha was surveyed. • A workshop was held to initiate a new series of spacing trials.  Alex Fraser Research Forest • Nine new research projects were initiated. • Road upgrading continues to bring roads predating the Research Forest into compliance with the Forest Practices Code (some of this funded under the F R B C Watershed Restoration Program).  Financial constraints continue to dominate management strategies, and the Research Forests now operate without any form of financial support from the University. The primary source of funds is harvesting of timber, although there is an aggressive cost recovery policy on virtually all services.  • 3.5 km of new roads were constructed, and three cutblocks were harvested to control mountain pine beetle infestations. • A Geographic Information System was implemented and in-house capability is being developed for querying and reporting on map-based analyses.  The Research Forests host two field schools for undergraduate students; a Fall field school at Alex Fraser for third year students, and a Spring Field School for four year students at Malcolm Knapp. Accommodation facilities for both Field Schools are now at capacity, reflecting the continuing increase in undergraduate enrolment at the Faculty. The forests also host numerous continuing education programs.  •  Development of significant demonstration projects for silviculture systems, mule deer winter range and forest health issues continues.  PLANS FOR 1998-99 ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1997-98 •  A review of both Forests was completed.  •  Over 25 international students visited the Forests on internship and work experience programs.  •  28  A number of policies were developed, with particular reference to cost recovery, including an Educator Use and Visitor Charge Policy.  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  •  Submit Working Plans for the Knife Creek Block (AFRF) and the Woodlot.  •  Conduct inventories for timber and other values.  •  Plan for the construction of a teaching and office facility (AFRF).  •  Plan and schedule renovations at Loon Lake (MKRF).  A  L O N G S I D E their teaching and research commitments, most Faculty members have committee responsibilities with off campus organizations and groups. These involvements are listed below together with various distinctions and awards (in bold-face type) bestowed on Faculty members during the past year. AITKEN, S.N. • Chair, BC Tree Improvement Council Coastal Technical Advisory Cttee. • Liaison Member, Pacific Northwest Tree Improvement Research Cooperative. ALILA, Y. • Vice President, Canadian Water Resources Association (CWRA), B.C. Branch. • Co-Program Director and Editor, C W R A 1998 Annual Conference on Mountains to Sea: Human Interaction with the Hydrologic Cycle. A V R A M I D I S , S. • Member, Organizing Cttee., IDS '98 International Drying Symp., Thessaloniki, Greece. • Member, S C B C Review Cttee., Forest Products Program. • Member, Forest Products Society Wood Physics & Wood Drying Technical Interest Groups. • Member, IUFRO Working Party on Wood Drying, S5-04.06. • Member, European Commission FAIR Forestry-Wood Chain Review Cttee. • Member, Conference Panel, 3 rd International Conference on the Development of Wood Science/Technol. & Forestry, Belgrade, Yugoslavia. • Program Chair, Wood Physics & Drying Session, 5151 Forest Products Society Annual Meeting, Vancouver, B.C. BALLARD, T. • Member, A B C P F Forest Soils Subcttee. BARRETT. J.D. • Vice President, Society of Wood Science and Technology. • Chair, Local Organizing Cttee. Forest Products Society Annual Meeting. • Chair, CSA 086 Sawn Lumber Cttee. and Member, CSA Main Cttee. • Chair, ISO T C I 6 5 W G 5 Characteristic Values Cttee. BINKLEY, C.S. • Member, Board of Directors: FERIC; Forintek Canada Corp.; West Fraser Timber Ltd.  • Chair, AUFSC Dean's Cttee. • Member, Provincial Forest Sector Strategy Cttee. • Member, Sustainable Forest Management Network of Centres of Excellence Research Advisory Council. • Member, BC Forest Research Advisory Cttee. • Member, Federal Forest Sector Advisory Cttee. • Member, Management Cttee., Nelson Forests Joint Venture. • Member, Advisory Board Ecotrust Inc. BREUIL, C. • Representative, European Community Program for research in the field of forestry. • Member, Technical Advisory Cttee., Forintek Canada Corp. • Member, NSERC Advisory Cttee., University-Industry Grants. BUNNELL, F . L . • Bill Young Award for Excellence in Integrated Resource Management, Association of BC Professional Foresters and Association of Professional Biologists, 1998. • O.C. Wallmo Award for Excellence in Research on Integrated Forest-Wildlife Issues, the Wildlife Society. • Member, Steering Cttee., Enhanced Forest Management Pilot Program. • Member, Spotted Owl Recovery Implementation Cttee. C H A N W A Y , C. • Member, Advisory Board, 8 th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology, Halifax, 1998. • Member, Editorial Board, Canadian Journal of Microbiology (Microbial Ecology Section). C O H E N , D.H. • Member, Jury for Plenary Session on Forest Products Marketing (June 1997). • Deputy Director, IUFRO Forest Products Marketing Group. • Member, FRBC Value-Added Cttee. • Chair, Organizing Cttee., IUFRO Group 5.6 Meeting in 1997.  1997 Annual  Report  29  OFFICES, AWARDS AND DISTINCTIONS  DRISCOLL, H. • Treasurer, Canadian Institute of Forestry, Vancouver Section. FANNIN, R . J . . 1998 UBC Killam Teaching Award. • 1998 International Geosynthetics Society Award for research contributions on reinforced soil (1994-1998). • Associate Editor, Canadian Geotechnical Journal. • Chair-Elect, Geosynthetics Division, Canadian Geotechnical Society. • Member, Board of Directors, Institute of Forest Engineering of BC (IFEBC). • Reviewer, Professional Engineers Ontario, Geotechnical Engineering Exam.  OFFICES, AWARDS AND  FELLER, M.C. • Member, B.C. Medical Association Environmental Health Cttee. • Member, 2lul International Wildland Fire Symposium Steering Cttee.  DISTINCTIONS  GUY, R.D. • Member, Multi-Species Initial Spacing Trial. . Member, NSERC Grant Selection Cttee. 03 (Plant Biology and Food Science). • Chair, Forestry Grant Selection Cttee., SCBC/FRBC. • Member, Local Organizing Cttee. for 1997 Joint Meeting of the American Society of Plant Physiologists and the Canadian Society of Plant Physiologists. HALEY, D. • Chair, Minister's Advisory Cttee. on Community Forest Tenure. • Member, Social Science and Economic Steering Cttee., Sustainable Forest Management Network of Centres of Excellence. • Member, SCBC/FRBC Advisory Cttee. HINCH, S.G. • Finalist for "Best Paper of the Year" in the J. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. K I M M I N S , J.P. • Member. Technical Advisory Cttee. on Certification, Canadian Standards Assoc. • Associate Editor, Environmental Reviews. • Chair, Expert Panel, Forest Ecosystems Branch, Saskatchewan Ministry Environment and Resources Management.  30  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  • Adjunct Professor, College of Forest Resources and Environmental Sciences, Forestry University of Nanjing, PR China. • Member, Reserves Acquisition and Fundraising Cttee., Dcnman Island Conservancy. • Member, Scientific Advisory Board, Mistik Management, Meadow Lake, Saskatchewan. KLINKA, K. . Chair, IUFRO SI.02-06. . Deputy Chair, IUFRO SI.01-00. KOZAK, R.A. • Member, Wood Products Quality Council of Canada. • Member, BC Centre for Wood Products Design Steering Cttee. • Member, International Value-Added Wood Products Conference Organizing Cttee. LAM, F. • Member, Canadian Wood Council Cttee. on Objective Based Code for Wood Frame Construction. • Member, CSA086 Subcttees. on Sawn Lumber and General Design and Objective Based Code for Wood Frame Construction. LeMAY, V.M. • Chair, CIF Measurements Subcttec. and Member of Council, Vancouver Section. . Co-Chair, IUFRO 4.02 Working Group. • Member, "^RBC Inventory Group. • Member, Stand Management Cooperative Policy Cttee. (western U.S. and B.C.). • Member, Canadian Forest Inventory Cttee., Mensuration Subcttec. • Member, B.C. Forest Productivity Council. • Member, CSA Scaling Cttee. LUYMES, D. • Invited Team Leader, Brentwood Design Charrette. MANESS, T. • Member, European Network for Advanced Wood Processing and Engineering Education, E U R O L I G N A . • Member, Organizing Cttee., FPS Annual Meeting. • Chair, Industrial Engineering Working Group, IUFRO. • Member, Forest Products Research Network Forum.  MARSHALL, P . L . • Chair, CIF Forest Management Working Group.  • Member, Panel of Experts, UNFAO. • Member, Technical Advisory, CIFOR.  • Member, Board of Directors, SIBC.  • Board of Trustees, International Plant Genetics Research Institute.  • Member, Canadian Forestry Accreditation Board.  • Member, SCBC/FRBC Scientific Review Panel, Genetics.  • Member, A B C P F Board of Examiners.  • Member, Technical Advisory Council, DANIDA.  • Member, TAC, B.C. Forest Productivity Councils. . Member, S C B C / F R B C Growth and Yield Grant Review Cttee. • Member, Steering Cttee., Inland Northwest Growth and Yield Cooperative. • Member, Silviculture Technical Advisory Cttee., Stand Management Cooperative. • Member, Monitoring Task Force, BCMoF. MARTIN, K. • Symposium Organizer and Convenor, the Society of Conservation Biologists' Annual Meeting, Victoria, June 1997. • Member, Scientific Referee Panel, FRBC Sensitive Species Research Cttee. • Associate Editor of the AUK. • Vice President, Society for Canadian Ornithologists. • Canadian Representative to IUCN/ICBP Specialist Group for Galliformes Cttee. • Member, Scientific Review Panel, Wildlife Habitat Canada Research Advisory Cttee. • Member, Scientific Referee, Endangered Species Recovery Fund. McLEAN, J . A. • Member, BCSC Forestry Cttee. • Co-Chair, S C B C / F R B C Pest Management Review Cttee. • Member, Forest Health Cttee., BCMoF. M U R T H A , P.A. • Co-Chair, Remote Sensing Strategy Cttee., BCMELP. • Liaison Officer, Canadian Remote Sensing Society and American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. N A M K O O N G , G. • Elected Member, Korean Academy of Science and Technology. • Member, Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry.  NELSON, J . D . • Member, Board of Directors, IFEBC. • Member, Curriculum Cttee., IFEBC. • Member, FERIC Forest Engineering Advisory Cttee. • Chair, Forest Harvesting Academic Standards Cttee., ABCPF.  OFFICES,  • Member, Land-Use Planning Peer Review Cttee., SCBC/FRBC.  AWARDS  • Member, TELSA Technical Cttee., ESSA Technologies.  AND  . Member, ATLAS/SIMFOR Steering Cttee., Nelson Region.  DISTINCTIONS  PASZNER, L. • Member, Expert Council on Utilization of Vegetal Materials, UNESCO. PRESCOTT, C. • Associate Editor, Canadian Journal of Forest Research. • Member, Great Scholarship Cttee., SCBC. PRION, H.G.L. • University Representative, Structural Consultants of BC Steel Frame Cttee. • Member, Subcttees. on Fasteners and Seismic Design (Limit States Design of Timber Structures Code). • Member, Objective Based Design of Wood Buildings Cttee. R I C H A R D S O N , J.S. • Member, Biodiversity Research Council of BC. • Member, SCBC/FRBC Technical Review Cttee. • Scientific Advisor to the Long Beach Model Forest. • Scientific Advisor to West Vancouver Council and British Pacific Properties on Tailed Frog Conservation.  1997 Annual  Report  31  RITLAND, K. • Associate Editor, American Naturalist. • Associate Editor, Canadian Journal of Botany. • Member, FRBC Inventory Methodology Research Grant Council. RUDDICK, J . N . R . • Head, Canadian Delegation, ISO T C I 6 5 Task Force. • Reviewer, USDA Grant Proposal. • President. International Research Group on Wood Preservation. • Vice Chair, CSA Wood Preservation Technical Cttee.  OFFICES,  • Member, Executive Board, Canadian Wood Preservation Association.  AWARDS  • Member, Executive Cttee., American Wood Preservers Association. • Member, Planning Cttee. for Annual Meeting IRG-28 ?997.  AND DISTINCTIONS  • ISO 9002, Member for Western Canada. SADDLER,.I.N. • Member, Biocnergy Advisory Board, Natural Resources Canada. • Member, Biotechnology for the Forest Industries Network. • Member, Wood Residue Utilization Cttee., BCMELP. S A L C U D E A N , S.E. • Killam Research Fellowship for Sabbatical Leave (September 1996/August 1997). • Canadian Institute of Advanced Research Fellowship for Teaching Relief (1997/98). SANDERS, P. • Member, Seymour Demonstration Forest Advisory Cttee.  • Deputy Chair, Working Party on Shelterbelts, IUFRO. • Chair and Organizer, Forest Hydrology Cttee., Canadian Geophysical Union. • Member, International Affairs Cttee., American Water Resources Association. • Coordinator, Symposium on "Preferential Flow" for 1999 SSSA Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT. • Member, Erosion and Sedimentation Cttee., American Geophysical Union. TAIT, D.E.N. • Member, Board of Directors Wonder Tree Education Society. TINDALL, D.B. • Reviewer, Social Science and Humanities Research Council. . Member, SCBC/FRBC Community Research Proposal Review Cttee. VAN K O O T E N , G.C. • Director, Western Agricultural Economics Association. • Associate Director, FEPA Research Unit, UBC. • Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. W A T T S , S.B. • Member, A B C P F Biometry Academic Standards Cttee. WEETMAN, G.F. . A B C P F 1997 Distinguished Forester Award. • Chair, Board of Examiners, ABCPF.  • Executive Member, Federation of B.C. Woodlot Associations.  • Member, Alberta Forest Management Science Council.  • Member, Maple Ridge Agriculture Sector Subcttee.  . Member, A B C P F Council.  • First Vice-President, Canadian Federation of Woodlot Owners. S H E P P A R D , S.R.J. • Yolo Basin Foundation Service Award for services to Visitor Centre Development and Wetland Restoration (1993-1997), Davis, California. • Chair, Yolo Basin Foundation Board of Directors, Visitor Centre Subcttee.  32  SIDLE, R. • Associate Editor (Charter), Journal of Forest Research, Japanese Forestry Society.  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  E  X T R A M U R A L funding in 1997/98 totalled $9,089,000, or approximately twice the level of funding received from the core operating budget. Although extramural support is down by 12.7% relative to the peak value achieved in 1996/97, it is still well above the level attained in any other previous fiscal year. We obtain support from a variety of provincial, national, international and private sources (see table below), which vary from year to year. The current decrease largely reflects a reduced reliance on federal granting agencies, from $3,046,000 in 1996/97 to $2,112,000 in 1997/98. W e expect a further decrease in total extramural funding in 1998/99 because of the cancellation of the fall 1997 Forest Renewal BC (FRBC) research grants competition. Future activity will depend in part on the recent announcement of increased federal spending in support of N S E R C programs, as well as new programs administered by the Canadian Foundation for Innovation. ($ 000)  Extramural F u n d s per Faculty M e m b e r in $ 0 0 0 "  37  57  89  136  118  120  188  265  ' N o t i r c l u d n g F crestry Continuing Studes Network funding, and ( r a n 1996/97 enwards, not including endowment income. " C a l c i i a t e d from o p e r a t i c tudget sipported Faculty membeis.  Operating  budget, extramural  funds  Funding obtained from provincial sources remained relatively static at $5,769,000, with Forest Renewal BC accounting for over 50% of our extramural dollars. We had 63 active research projects wholly funded by FRBC in 1997/98. Forest Renewal BC also supports Extramural  funding  Source  sources  1997/98  and research activity 1981/82 -  1997/98  the Faculty of Forestry with endowed chairs in Applied Conservation Biology (two), Forest Hydrology (two, both of which are joint with the Department of Geography), Forest Management and Silviculture. Funding from private sources (industry and other) decreased from $1,198,000 to $816,000, and now accounts for 9% of our total extramural funding. Funding from international sources increased by 14% to $392,000, or 4.3% of funding from external sources. Although research supported by NSERC dropped from 19.2% to approximately 14% of our extramural funding in 1997/98, the Faculty of Forestry still garners a remarkable share of this agency's national investment in targeted research.  $000  %  l ,271 333 508  14.0 3.7 5.6  Subtotal Provincial FRBC/SCBC MoF MoELP Other  2,112  24.3  4,751 870 143 5  52.3 9.5 1.5 0.1  We also receive valuable research support from endowments provided by: •  Forest Renewal BC (for the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing);  Subtotal  5,769  63.4  •  Weyerhaeuser and MacMillan Blocdel (for the Chair in Forest Products Biotechnology);  745 71  8.2 0.8  •  the Imajo Cedar Management Fund;  •  816  9.0  the Kathleen and Sheldon Rothwell Fund for forestry research;  392  4.3  •  9,089  100  the Namkoong Family Teaching Exchange and Research Endowment; and  •  the Burgess-Lane Lectureship and Schaffer Lectureship endowments.  Federal NSERC/SSHRC NRC/CFS Other  Private Industry Other Subtotal International Total  1997 Annual  Report  33  EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH  The following list reflects funded research activities between April I, 1997 and March 31, 1998.  S.N. Aitken • Junior Industrial Research Chair in population genetics - BCMoF/NSERCI Industry/ Other $172,163 • Genecology and natural selection dynamics in the Sitka x interior spruce introgression zone - FRBC $41,207  EXTRAMURAL  • Genetic relationships among wood quality, growth rates and seedling physiology in interior lodgepole pine - FRBC $68,062  • Genetic diversity of sapstaining fungi in lumber and logs - NRC $12,000  • Development of a regional frequency approach for estimating low-flows: A B.C. case study - NSERC $17,000  RESEARCH  • Junior Chair in Forest Products Biotechnology - NSERC/Industry $57,311 • Sustainable wood: new clean technology methods for the control of fungal stains in wood - NRC $10,280  • Watershed modeling to assess peak How assumptions in IWAP - BCMoF $53,514  SPONSORED  C. Breuil  • Physiological genetics of coastal Douglasfir genotypes exhibiting high and low stability - FRBC $32,221  Y. Alila  FUNDING &  • Application of financial asset pricing models to timberland valuation - Hancock Timber Resource Group $14,082  • A regional frequency approach for estimating design floods in British Columbia FRBC $92,270  S. Avramidis • Surface emission coefficient of wood in the hygroscopic range - NSERC $21,300 • Manipulation of wood composite structure to enhance performance - NSERC $78,150  • Fate and treatment of sterols, steryl esters and waxes in trees, pulps and process effluents - NSERC $89,680 • Sapstain in Canadian lumber: the causal fungi, their mechanism of pigmentation and future control methods - NSERC $39,625 • Developing DNA fingerprinting for identifying specific wood-inhibiting fungi CFS/NSER CIForin tek $58,600 • Identifying the characterizing key enzymes used by sapstaining fungi to grow on wood NSERC $18,000 • Microorganism and enzyme treatments for reducing extractives present in wood chips or pulps - Noranda/Raisio Chemicals Canada $18,000  F.L. Bunnell T.M. Ballard • Forest floor displacement - FRBC  $40,000  • Revegetation of natural landslides FRBC $18,270  J.D. Barrett • Engineering properties of B.C. species used in Japanese post and beam housing FRBC/SCBC $129,988 • Lot properties of Douglas-fir, hem-fir and spruce-pine-fir dimension lumber FRBC $71,610 • Forest Products Society 'value-added wood products' industry focus session FRBC $58,275 • Reliability of wood-based materials NSERC $17,700  C.S. Binkley • Status of forestry and forest products research capacity in Canada and trends in research expenditures since 1980 NRC $50,000  34  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  • Taxonomy and biogeography of the tailed frog - BCMoE $9,000 • Effects of forestry on grizzly bear habitat use, population growth, and population persistence - FRBC $88,450 • The influence of forest harvesting on landscape patterns and wildlife habitat in the Nelson Forest Region: SIMFOR case study analyses - Interior Lumber Manufacturers' Association $65,000 • Sustainable forest management planning and practices theme - NCE $51,550 • Persistence of forest-dependent vertebrates in managed forests - FRBC $103,611 • Forest diversity program, habitat conservation plan; Fraser River Basin sustainable management plan - Environ. Can. $13,500 • Contribution 2 to taxonomy and biogeography of the tailed frog - Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife $5,000 • Late-successional species and cavity nesters Lignum Sales Ltd. $4,600  • Vertebrate relations to late successional stages in coastal western hemlock forests MacMillan Bloedel $10,400  C.P. Chanway • Soil microorganisms for validating field trials of genetically engineered microorganisms - Can. Inst, of Biotech. $21,910 • Conifer root associated bacteria: Diversity and influence on seedling growth and competition - NSERC $25,000  • Influence of ripiarian buffer strip width on streamwater quality - Student Summer Works/Career Placement $5,000 • Effects of different harvesting systems on organic matter decomposition and nutrient dynamics in coastal B.C. montane forests FRBC $10,000  S.M. Glenn • Preparation of new field course to integrate social and natural sciences - TLEF $43,167  D.H. Cohen • Assessing the impact of the entry of Chilean radiata pine moulding into the North American market on growth of the B.C. moulding production Weyerhaeuser Canada $5,000 • Technology for full exploitation of wood Int'l Environ. Inst. $45,803 • B.C. forest industry workshop on current international marketing research initiatives for value-added wood - FRBC $40,549 • Market research in forest products Various companies $500  • Adaptation of forest tree populations Pacific Forest Products $30,000 • Population variation in adaptive attributes in Sitka alder  R.D. Guy • Seasonal ecophysiology of western redcedar under a red alder canopy: sunfleck use efficiency and rhodoxanthin accumulation FRBC $1,900 • Alternative thawing regimes and associated handling procedures for freezer-stored plantation stock - FRBC $65,680  • Comparative physiology of stress acclimation in conifers: water-use efficiency and root respiration - NSERC $35,715  S.G. Hinch  $20,000  • Responses of cutthroat trout and habitat to riparian logging -MoELP $40,000  S.C. Ellis • Influence of initial spacing on wood quality of western hemlock, western red cedar and Douglas-fir - FRBC $30,000 • Characterization of the wood quality of lodgepole pine resources with respect to wood composites - NSERC $20,000 • Development of practical wood working course - TLEF $20,000  • Energetics of anadromous fish NSERC $18,000 • Effects of habitat and nutrients on side channel coho - FRBC $90,000 • Responses of rainbow trout to riparian logging - FRBC $90,500  G. Hoberg • Limits on Canada's domestic policy sovereignty - Hampton $22,500  R.J. Fannin • Geosynthetics for soil stabilization FRBC $37,530 • Slope stability analysis - FRBC  • Developing safe learning environments TLEF $9,500  • Nitrate and ammonium uptake in forest seedlings — preferences and stress interactions (co-investigator) - FRBC $79,644  Y. El-Kassaby  Pacific Forest Products  • Fire history and ecology of B.C. interior Douglas-fir forests - FRBC $22,234  $18,989  • Design and performance of geotextile filters - NSERC $23,700  M.C. Feller • The response of Engelmann spruce subalpine fir forest ecosystems to loggingeffects of harvesting on nutrient budgets FRBC $47,000  • Forest community adjustment UBC-HSS $1,400 • Equality, security, and Community (19 coinvestigators) - SSHRC $1.8 million  J.P. Kimmins • Assessing the controls on soil-N cycling rates and microbial dynamics in C H W ecosystems to develop a computer-based soil model applicable to forest management FRBC $49,228  1997 Annual  Report  35  EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH  • Sustaining post fire white spruce forests in Saskatchewan's midboreal ecoregion Mistik Management Ltd. $53,380  • Data entry, data analysis, and report writing for aspen site index research BCMoF $17,000  • Modelling salal and cedar - FRBC  • Trembling aspen site productivity BCMoF $83,610  $44,925  • Computer-based decision support tools for biosolids recycling/fertlization in forests FRBC $54,000 • A decision-support system for evaluation of mixedwood landscape sustainability FRBC $98,590 • Computer-based education, extension and gaming tools to support the objectives of FRBC - FRBC $106,827 • Assessment of the sustainability of forest ecosystems and evaluation of indicators of sustainable forest management FRBC $190,000  EXTRAMURAL  • Calibration, verification, and validation of the stand-level F O R E C A S T and the spatially-explicit, individual tree FORSEE forest ecosystem management models NSERC $30,400  FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH  • Modelling the effect of natural disturbance and forest management practices on the long-term sustainability of forest ecosystems NSERC $90,500 • Development of computer-assisted learning tools in forest ecology - TLEF $20,000  K. Klinka • The V.J. Krajina/B.C. Forest Service Chair in silvics and silviculture BCMoF $103,906 • General research in silvics and dendrochronology - B.A. Blackwell & Assoc. $20,000 • Development of height-age and site index function for western larch - BCMoF $3,000 • Non-forested ecosystems of Coastal B.C./ Mountain Hemlock Zone Report BCMoF $24,000  • Computer support system for making regeneration cutting and tree species selection in B.C.'s forests - FRBC $65,000 • High elevation site - productivity study FRBC $90,000 • Growth-light relationships in tree species NSERC $14,700  F. Lam • Active control of vibration in wood machining for wood recovery - NRC $30,500 • Performance of floor panel Ainsworth Lumber $12,000 • Research and development on nail plate reinforced beams - Landmark Truss & Lumber Inc. $22,093 • Shear strength of structural composite lumber - Trus Joist MacMillan $7,500 • Lateral resistance of wood-based shear wall Structural Board Assoc. $20,833  V.M. LeMay • Examination of diameter growth models modified for F V S B C - BCMoF $38,695 • Evaluation of sampling schemes for quantifying morphological attributes of hybrid spruce crowns - FRBC $28,393 • Efficient methods to localize volume equations - NSERC $14,000  T. Maness • Automated production and quality control system for value-added wood products manufacturing - NSERC $13,000  • Inventory of western hemlock root biomass in closed canopy stands - BCMoF $15,000  • Evaluation of chop saw optimization and operating strategies in the B.C. value-added sector -FRBC $50,000  • TFL37 site index - BEC map unit correlations - BCMoF $10,000  • W o o d products quality control council of B .C. - FRBC $202,608  • TFL37 operational inventory program, growth and yield - BCMoF $40,500  • Kiln drying certificate program FRBC $22,313  • Ecology and management of cedar-cypresshemlock forests in coastal B.C. BCMoF $129,863  • Workshop on high value recovery manufacturing - FRBC $133,579  • Regeneration and productivity of western larch - Crestbrook Forest/NSERC/ Weyerhaeuser Canada $9,000 • Black spruce site productivity BCMoF $143,000  36  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  • Real time quality control systems Canadian Forest Products $8,190  P.L. Marshall • Developing a design for collecting data for calibrating the prognosis model BCMoF $4,215  • Review of the literature in support of a revision to site index Pacific Forest Products $6,000  • Utilization and management of red alder genetic resources in British Columbia FRBC $60,000  • Growth of uneven-aged interior Douglas-fir stands - FRBC $54,011  • Resource use efficiency response in varying environments and its role in maintenance of genetic variance in fitness related traits in lodgepole pine - FRBC $62,500  • Early tree height growth in mixed-species stands - FRBC $25,000  K. Martin  J.D. Nelson  • Vancouver Island white-tailed ptarmigan inventory - BCMoELP $99,000  • Consequences of alternative management NCE $16,075  • Ecology of alpine and forest birds NSERC $20,000  . The landscape project - FRBC  • Songbird biodiversity and vegetation management BCCF/Environ. Can. $44,000  $199,466  • Forest management impacts on hydrological process in watersheds: A modeling study FRBC $24,317 • Decision support systems for forest land use planning - NSERC $18,000  EXTRAMURAL  J.A. McLean • Development of the forest entomology image library - TLEF $10,047  S.J. Mitchell • Retrospective study of edge windthrow and modelling of windfirming prescriptions FRBC $80,000  P.A. Murtha • Radar Imaging Natural Systems (RAINS) RjWARSAT $8,816  L. Nagel • Developing new modules for resource conservation field course - TLEF $20,453  G. Namkoong  L. Paszner • Organic solvent-assisted totally chlorine free bleaching of high-yield chemical pulps NSERC $19,600  C.E. Prescott • Fertilization and vegetation control for improving conifer regeneration in coastal British Columbia - FRBC $162,889 • Literature review and detailed working plan relating to spatial effects of red alder on light and on nutrient availability and options for management of red alder-conifer mixtures -BCMoF $19,950 • The influence of soil fauna on ecosystem processes in forests of British Columbia FRBC $61,433  • Genecology of Douglas-fir in the submaritime seed zone: testing seed transfer guidelines - BCMoF $5,750  • Impact of single conifer species plantations on soil biodiversity and processes FRBC $30,722  • Development decision strategy on priorities for conservation and use of forest genetic resources - ( IDA $39,900  • Comparative ecology of ericaceous shrubs FRBC $13,656  • Managing forest tree genetic variance for climatic change — field and DNA markerbased testing of a novel system FRBC $122,732 • Impact of forest operations on genetic diversity of understorey species FRBC $45,000  • Long-term effects of salal removal FRBC $30,884 • Problem analysis and screening trials FRBC $21,315 • Coarse woody debris dynamics in wet and dry ESSF forests - FRBC $1,200  • Rapid breeding for tracheid characters in interior spruce - FRBC $36,015  • Partial cutting systems research in the interior cedar-hemlock zone in root disease infected stands — litter input and decomposition component - FRBC $7,885  • Genetic effects on fiber and structural wood properties in western hemlock FRBC $63,315  • Predicting rates of organic matter decomposition in forests and silvicultural systems in B.C. - FRBC $42,000  1997 Annual  Report  37  FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH  • Influence of species mixtures on litter decomposition in forests of British Columbia FRBC $7,875  H.G.L. Prion • Innovative connections for prefabricated heavy timber connection - FRBC $74,000  J.S. Richardson • Tiger salamanders: Effects of cattle grazing, range condition and breeding pond characteristics on the habitat use and population ecology of tiger salamanders (Amby stoma tigrinum) in the south Okanagan BCMoELP $30,000  EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH  • Biotechnology for enhancing pulp properties MacMillan Bloedel $10,000 • Enzymatic removal of colour and colour precursors from thermomechanical pulps derived from Douglas-fir and western red cedar - CFS/NSERC $46,000 • Enzymatic and microbial treatment NCE $55,000 • Analysis of pulp hydrolysate Alcell Technologies $5,000  S.E. Salcudean . Medical robots - IRIS NCE . Haptic interfaces - IRIS NCE  $45,000 $37,000  • Stream benthos responses to riparian management - FRBC $118,617  • Partial autonomy in mobile machines IRIS NCE $42,000  • Ecology of tailed frogs and the effects of forest practices (co-investigator) FRBC $206,649  • Controller and haptic interface design for transparent teleoperation NSERC $31,000  D.E.N. Tait  K. Ritland • Senior Industrial Research Chair in population genetics BCMoF/NSERC/Inilustry/ Other $182,588  • Sustainable integration - NCE  $30,000  D.B. Tindall  • Molecular population genetics of Mimulus NSERC $60,800  • Measurement of forest values and attitudes toward forest management - FRBC $72,230  • Heritabilities in natural populations of four B.C. conifer species - FRBC $57,750  • Gender inequality and alternative opportunity structures for affecting social change: Women in the conservation movement and forestry-based communities SSHRC $20,000  J.N.R. Ruddick • Industrial Research Chair in wood preservation - NSERC/various companies $35,882 • Wood preservation — factors impacting on the performance of wood preserving chemicals - Sunpine Forest Products/ Lonza Inc./Donation $59,985  J.N. Saddler • Senior Chair in Forest Products Biotechnology - NSERC/Industry $51,509 . Ethanol Workshop - BCMoELP  $4,600  • Modification of morphological and optical properties of mechanical pulp fibers using enzymes - MacMillan Bloedel $67,500 • Byconversion of softwoods to ethanol NRC $160,803 • Steam explosion of softwoods for ethanol production - US Dept. of Energy $130,273 • Immunoassays to monitor in-mill and waste water streams - NCE $31,000 • The use of enzymes to elucidate the structure and to modify native and recycled paper CFS/NSERC/Weyerhaeuser Canada $95,500  38  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  B. van der Kamp • Management of Armillaria root disease by inducing quiescence - FRBC $40,000  G.C. van Kooten • The economics of climate change and the role of forestry: The case of Canada SSHRC $17,000  G.F. Weetman • A comprehensive study of western hemlock nutrition - FRBC $124,805 • Genotypes of western hemlock FRBC $40,000 • Criteria for sustainable management NCE $40,000 • Forest nutrition and fertilization studies NSERC/Western Forest Products $26,286 • Ecological niche for seedling establishment in high elevation forests in wet subzones of the ESSF - NSERC $15,000  T  HIS list includes documents published between April 1, 1997 and March 31, 1998. Names appearing in bold-face type are those of UBC Forestry Faculty members. For further information on any of these publications (many of which are available in libraries), please contact the appropriate Faculty member directly. Abraham, L., D. Bradshaw, T. Byrne, P.I. Morris, and C. Breuil 1997. Proteinases as potential targets for new generation antisapstain chemicals. For. Prod. J. 47:57-62. Aitken, S.N. and W.T. Adams. 1997. Spring cold hardiness under strong genetic control in Oregon populations of PseudotsUga menziesii var. menziesii. Can. J. For. Res. 27(11): 1773-1780. Avramidis, S. 1997. Current research on radio frequency/vacuum drying of wood. Pp. 124139 in 3rl1 Int'l Conf. on the Development of Forestry and Wood Science/Technology, Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Invited Paper. Avramidis, S. 1997. The basics of sorption. Pp. 1-8 in C O S T Action E8 - Int'l Conf. on Wood Mechanics. Theme: Wood-Water Relations. European Commission. Copehagen, Denmark. Invited Paper. Awadalla, P. and K. Ritland. 1997. Microsatellite variation in Mimulus species of contrasting mating systems. Molecular Biology and Evolution 14:1023-1034. Awadel, Karim, S.K. Lectere, H. Grondey, S.K. Yatich, M M. Hazhad, and L. Paszner. 1998. Changes in H-bonding of cellulose during solvent purificati treatment (acetonation). Holzforschung 52( 1 ):67-76. Backman, Charles A. 1997. The forest sector of European Russia. Polar Geography 21 (4):272-296. Bent, E. and C.P. Chanwav. 1997. PGPRmedialed growth promotion effects on lodgepole pine can be inhibited by the presence of a rhizobacterial competitor. Pp. 233-239 in Proc. 4 lh Int'l Workshop on PGPR. Sapporo. Japan. Biernacki, J.M.. F. Lam. and J.D. Barrett. 1997. Benefits of improved strength and stiffness prediction of Mel and MSR lumber. For. Prod. J. 47(11/12):85-9I. Binkley, C.S. 1997. A cross-road in the forest: the path to a sustainable forest sector in British Columbia. BC Studies I 13:39-61.  Binkley, C.S. 1997. B.C. needs a smart forest industry. Vancouver Sun, December 13.  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  Binkley, C.S. 1997. Preserving nature through intensive plantation forestry: The case for forestland allocation with illustrations from British Columbia. For. Chron. 73:553-559. Binkley, C.S. 1998. A cross-road in the forest: the path to a sustainable forest sector in British Columbia. Chapter 33: 15-35 in R. Hayter (ed.), Troubles in the Rainforest: British Columbia's Forest Economy in Transition, Canadian Western Geographical Series. Western Geographical Press, Univ. of Victoria, B.C. Binkley, C.S. 1998. Sustainable forestry, the forestry profession and forestry education: some lessons from North America. J. Sustainable Forestry 7(1/2):111-126. Binkley, C.S. and O.L. Forgacs. 1998. Status of forest sector research and development in Canada. Pulp & Paper Canada, January 1998: 39-42. Binkley, C.S., M. Apps, R. Dixon, L.-O. Nilsson, and P. Kauppi. 1997. Sequestering carbon in natural forests. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 27:S23-S45. Bunnell, F.L. 1997. Operational criteria for sustainable forestry: focusing on the essence. For. Chron. 73:679-684. Bunnell. F.L. 1998. Evading paralysis by complexity when establishing operational goals for biodiversity. J. Sust. For. 7:145-164. Bunnell, F.L. and A.C. Chan-McLeod. 1997. Terrestrial vertebrates. Pp. 103-130 in P.K. Schoonmaker, B. von Hagen, and E.C. Wolf (eds.), The Rain Forests of Home. Profile of a North American Bioregion. Island Press, Washington, DC. Cai, L. and S. Avramidis. 1997. Study on the separation of diffusion and surface emission coefficient of wood. Drying Technol. 15(5): 1457-1473.  1997 Annual  Report  39  Cai, L., S. Avramidis, and A.A. Enayati. 1997. Moisture sorption and movement in Parallam and TimberStrand. Holz als- Roh und Werkstoff 55:365-369. Carey, C, and K. Martin. 1997. Physiological ecology of incubation of ptarmigan eggs at high and low altitudes. Wildlife Biology 3/4:211-218. Chanway, C.P., M. Shishido, S. Jungwirth. J. Nairn, J. Markham, G. Xiao, and F.B. Holl. 1997. Second year growth responses of outplanted conifer seedlings inoculated with PGPR. Pp. 172-176 in Proc. 4 th Int'l Workshop for PGPR, Sapporo, Japan.  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  Chen, H.Y.H. 1997. Interspecific responses of planted seedlings to light availability in interior British Columbia: survival, growth, allometric patterns, and specific lead area. Can. J. For. Res. 27:1383-1393. Chen, H.Y.H. and K. Klinka. 1997. A heightgrowth model for trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) in northern British Columbia. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 78(4):233. Chen, H.Y.H. and K. Klinka. 1998. Survival, growth, and allometry of planted western larch (Larix occidentalis Nutt.) seedlings in relation to light availability. For. Ecol. Manage. 106:169-179. Chen, H.Y.H., K. Klinka, and R.D. Kabzems. 1998. Height growth and site index models for trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) in northern British Columbia. For. Ecol. Manage. 103:157-165. Christanty, L., J . P . Kimmins, and D. Mailly. 1997. "Without bamboo, the land dies" — a conceptual model of the biogeochemical role of bamboo in an Indonesian agroforestry system. For. Ecol. Manage. 91:83-91. Cohen, David H. and Marco A. Durepos 1997. Technology, markets and products of sawmills in the maritime provinces. C A W P W P 97-01. Centre for Advanced Wood Processing, UBC, Vancouver, Canada. 26 pp. Cohen, David H. and R.A. Kozak. 1997. Research programs in forest products marketing at UBC. Section 3: 159-162 in Proc. IUFRO Working Unit 5.10.00: Interational Workshop on Forest Products: ValueAdded Marketing for Value-Added Forest Products, Tofino, B.C. Cohen, David H.. Stephen Tolnai, and Bill Wilson. 1997. Assessment of BC opportunities in the US moulding market. Working  40  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  Paper #97.06,01. Can. For. Serv., Victoria, B.C. 30 pp. Collins, S.L. and S.M. Glenn. 1997. Effects of organismal and distance scaling on analysis of species distribution and abundance. Ecolo-gical Applications 7:543-551 Collins, S.L. and S.M. Glenn. 1997. Intermediate disturbance and its relationship to within- and between-patch dynamics. N.Z. J. Ecol. 21(I>:103-110. Cox, S.P. and S.G. Hinch. 1997. Changes in size at maturity ot Fraser River sockeye salmon (Oncorhyncluis nerka) (1952-1993) and associations with temperature. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54:1159-1 165. Daniels, L.D., J. Dobry, K. Klinka, and M . C . Feller. 1997. Determining year of death of logs and snags of Thuja plicata in southwestern coastal British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 27:1132-1141. Davidson, R. and Y.A. El-Kassaby. 1997. Genetic diversity and gene conservation of Pacific silver fir (Abies amabilis) on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Forest Genetics 4:85-98. Doyle, Aaron, Brian Elliott, and David Tindall 1997. Framing the forests: corporations, the B.C. forest alliance and the media. Pp. 240268 in William K. Carroll (ed.), Organizing Dissent. Contemporary Social Movements in Theory and Practice. 2 nd Edition. Garamond Press: Toronto, Ontario. Dubois, J. and J.N.R. Ruddick. 1997. Aspects of fungal degradation of quaternary ammonium compounds in liquid culture. Int'l Res. Group Wood Preserv. IRG/WP/97-30160. Eagen, R., A. Brisson, and C. Breuil. 1997. The sapstaining fungus Ophiostoma piceae synthesizes different types of melanin in different growth media. Can. J. Microbiol. 43:592-595. El-Kassaby, Y.A. 1997. Clonal-row and random seed orchard designs: comparison of mating pattern and seed yield. Pp. 371-373 in Proc. 24 th South. For. Tree Improve. Conf., Orlando, Florida. El-Kassaby, Y.A. and G.R. Askew. 1998. Seed orchards and their genetics. Chapter 6: 1021 1 I in A.K. Mandal and G.L. Gibson (eds.), Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding. CBS Publishers and Distributors. 4596/1 a, 11Daryaganj, New Delhi-110002.  El-Kassaby, Y.A. and K. Ritland 1998. Isozymes: techniques, interpretation and applications to forest genetics. Chapter 12: 213-226 in A.K. Mandal and G.L. Gibson eds.), Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding. CBS Publishers and Distributors. 4596/1 a, 11-Daryaganj, New Delhi-110002. Ells, A., E. Bulte, and G.C. van Kooten. 1997. Uncertainty and forest land use allocation in British Columbia: vague priorities and impre cise coefficients. For. Sci. 43(4):509-20. Fannin, R.J., A. Fuller, and T. Ersoy. 1997. On the design of geosynthetic reinforced soil structures. Pp. 320-327 in Proc. 50 ,h Canadian Geotechnical Conf"., Ottawa, Ontario. Fannin, R.J., M.P. Wise, J.M.T. Wilkinson, B. Thomson, and E.D. Hetherington. 1997. Debris flow hazard assessment in British Columbia. Pp. 197-206 in Proc. Is1 Int'l Conf. Debris Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction and Assessment, San Francisco, California. Feller, M.C. 1997. Coarse woody debris in forests - an overview of the coarse woody debris study and coarse woody debris in the Sicamous Creek study area forests. Pp. 134143 in C. Hollstedt and A. Vyse (eds.), Sicamous Creek Silvicultural Systems Project: Workshop Proc. B C M o F Working Pap. 24/1997. Feller, M.C. 1997. Influence of forest harvesting on the nutrient status of ESSFwc2 ecosystems. Ibid pp. 121-133. Feller, M.C. 1997. Regeneration of Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir from seed in ESSFWc2 forests. Ibid pp. 154-159. Fons, J., K. Klinka, and H.Y.H. Chen. 1997. Chemical and biotic properties of the forest floor across a zonal chronosequence in the coastal Western Hemlock Zone of southwestern British Columbia. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 78(4):247. Fu, Y.B., D. Charlesworth and G. Namkoong. 1997. Point estimation and graphical inference of marginal dominance for two viability loci controlling inbreeding depression. Gen. Res. 70:143-153. Gregg, D.J. and J.N. Saddler. 1997. A review of techno-economic modelling methodology for a wood-to-ethanol process. In Proc. 18lh Symp. Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemi-  cals. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 63/65: 609-623. Grout, J.A., C.D. Levings, and J.S. Richardson. 1997. Decomposition rates of purple loosestrife (Ly thrum salicaria) and Lyngbyei's sedge (Care.x lyngbyei) in the Fraser River estuary. Estuaries 20:96-102. Harrison, Kathryn and George Hoberg. 1997. Setting the environmental agenda in Canada and the United States: The cases of dioxin and radon. Pp. 463-487 in Sheila Jasanoff (ed.), Comparative Science and Technology Policy. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK. Hartley, I. and P.L. Marshall. 1997. Modelling forest dynamics in the Mackenzie Basin under a changing climate. Pp. 146-156 in S.J. Cohen (ed.), Mackenzie Basin Impact Study: Final Report. Partial Proc. 7 ,h Biennial AES/ DIAND Meeting on North Climate and Mid Study Workshop of the MacKenzie Basin Impact Study, Ycllowknife, NWT. He, M., H. Magnusson, F. Lam, and H.G.L. Prion. 1997. Cyclic performance of perforated wood shear walls with oversize oriented strand board panels. In Proc. Int'l Council for Building Research Studies and Documentation Working Commission W18-Timbcr Structures. Vancouver, Canada CIBW18/30-15-1. 16 pp. Hoberg, George. 1997. The war of words in the woods. Vancouver Sun, July 12. Hoberg, George. 1998. Foresters, trust and civic science: a new role for the profession? RPF Forum 5(1):25. Hoberg, George and Edward Morawski. 1997. Policy change through sector intersection: forest and aboriginal policy in Clayoquot Sound. Can. Public Admin. 40(3):387-414. Holt, R.F. and K. Martin 1997. Landscape modification and patch selection: the demography of two secondary cavity-nesting species colonizing clear-cuts. Auk 1 14:443455. Jahraus, Michael T. and David H. Cohen. 1997. An examination of Japanese distribution systems for imported wood products. Working Paper 97.01 Can. For. Serv., Victoria, B.C. 91 pp. Jiang, Xiao and J.N.R. Ruddick. 1997. A comparison of the leaching resistance of diammine-copper complexes and copper  1997 Annual  Report  41  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  carbonate precipitated in wood. Int'I Res. Group Wood Preserv. IRG/WP/97-30158. Karlman, M.. B. van der Ramp and J. Witzell. 1997. Susceptibility of Pinus sylvestris to the stem rusts of Pinus contorta in western Canada. Scandanavia J. of For. Res. 12:168178. Kayahara, G.J.. K. Klinka. and A C. Schroff. 1997. The relationship of site index to synoptic estimates of soil moisture and nutrients for western redcedar (Thuja plicata) in southern coastal British Columbia. Northw. Sci. 71:167-173.  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  Kimniins, J.P. 1998. Predicting sustainability of forest bioenergy production in the face of changing paradigms. Biomass and Bioenercy  12:201-212.  Kozak, A. 1997. Effects of multicollinearity and autocorrelation on the variable-exponent taper functions. Can. J. For. Res. 27:619629. K o z a k , R.A. 1997. How specifiers learn about structural materials: A study in value-added marketing. Pp. 115-123 /'/(joint Proc. IUFRO Working Unit 5.10.00 and Forest Products Society 50"' An nual Meeting: Preparing for the 21s1 Century: Value-Added Marketing for Value-Added Wood Products.  Lavallee, Loraine and Peter Suedfeld. 1997. Conflict in Clayoquot Sound: using thematic content analysis to understand psychological aspects of environmental controversy. Can. J. Behav. Sci. 23:194-209. Li, M., S. Avramidis, L. Oliveira, and I D. Hartley. 1997. The effect of vertical air graps, air velocities and fan revolutions on the drying characteristics of thick hemlock. Holzforschung 51 (4):381-387. Li, K„ T. Chen, P.A. Bicho, and J.N. Saddler. 1997. Factors affecting gas chromatographic analysis of resin acids present in pulp mill effluents. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry 57:1-16. Li, D. and S.E. Salcudean. 1997. Modeling, simulation and control of a hydraulic Stewart platform. Pp. 3360-3366 in Proc. IEEE Int'I Conf. Rob. Aut., Alb., New Mexico. Lin, J.-Z. and K. Ritland. 1997. Quantitative trait loci differentiating the outbreeding Mimulus guttatus from the inbreeding Mimulus platycalyx. Genetics 146:11151121.  Liss, S.N., P.A. Bicho, P.N. McFarlane, and J.N. Saddler. 1997. Microbiology and biodegradation of resin acids in pulp mill effluents: A mini review. Can. J. Microbiol. 75:599-611.  Kozak, R.A. and D.H. Cohen. 1997. Distributor-supplier partnering relationships: A case in trust. J. Business Research 39(l):33-38.  Lu, L. and S. Avramidis. 1997. Non-Darcian air flow in wood. Part 1. Specimen length effect. Holzforschung 61 (6):577-583.  Kozak, R.A. and D.H. Cohen. 1997. How specifiers learn about structural material. Wood and Fiber Sci. 29(4):381-396.  Luymes, D. 1997. The fortification of suburbia: investigating the rise of enclave communities. Landscape and Urban Planning 39:187-203.  L a m , F., H. Prion, and M. He. 1997. Lateral resistance of wood based shear walls with oversized sheathing panels. J. Structural Engineering. Amer. Soc. Civil Engin. 123(12): 1666-1673.  Luvmes, D. 1998. Trends and issues in the lower Fraser Valley as the A.L.R. celebrates its 25 th anniversary. Country Life in BC, January 1998: 6.  Lam, F., H. Yee, and J.D. Barrett. 1997. Shear strength of Canadian softwood structural lumber. Can. J. Civil Engin. 24(3):419-430. Lau, W „ F. Lam. and J.D. Barrett. 1997. Beam-column formula for specific truss applications. In Proc. Int'I Council for Building Research Studies and Documentation Working Commission W18-Timber Structures. Vancouver, Canada CIB-W18/30-2-1. 12 pp.  42  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  Luymes, D. and C. MacDonald. 1997. The village of Yorkville Park: representation and reinvention. Critique of built works. Landscape Architecture 4:41-46. Mailly, D. and J.P. Kimniins. 1997. Growth of Pseudotsuga menziesii and Tsuga heterophylla seedlings along a light gradient: resource allocation and morphological acclimation. Can. J. Bot. 75:1424-1435. Mailly, D., L. Christanty, and J.P. Kimniins. 1997. "Without bamboo, the land dies" III. Nutrient cycling, and biogeochemistry of a  Javanese b a m b o o talun-kebun system. For. Ecol. Manage. 92(2/3): 155-173. Mansfield, S . D . E. de Jong, and J.N. Saddler. 1997. The potential of enzymes to selectively m o d i f y pulp characteristics. In Proc. '97 Spring Conf. of C P P A Pacific Coast and Western Branches, Whistler Paper 3 B : l - 4 . Marshall, P.L. 1997. Review of sustainable forests: global changes and local solutions. For. Chron. 73:629." Martin, K. 1997. Bird Life of W o o d l a n d and Forest. R.J. Fuller (ed.). Quarterly Review of Biology 72:209. Martin, K. 1997. Francis Bain. Biography of American and Canadian Environmentalists. Pp. 42-43 in K.B. Stirling. R. Harmond, G. Cevasco, and L. Hammond (eds.). Greenwood Publishing Group, Connecticut, USA. Mcintosh, R.I. and J.A. M c L e a n 1997. Developmental threshold for the striped ambrosia beetle (Trypodendron lineatum): A first estimate: J. Entomol. Soc. B.C. 94: 19-26. Mitchell, S.J. 1998. A diagnostic framework for windthrow risk estimation. For. Chron. 74:100-105. Morris, D M.. J.P. Kimmins, and D.R. Duckarl. 1997. The use of soil organic matter as a criterion of the relative sustainability of forest management alternatives: a modelling approach using F O R E C A S T . For. Ecol. Manage. 94:61-78. Mousseau. T.A., K. Ritland, and D.D. Heath. 1998. A novel method for estimating heritability using molecular markers. Heredity 80:218-224 M u r t h a , P.A. 1997. Radar imaging natural systems (RAINS): stumps and dead trees on R A D A R S A T . In Proc. 17,h Can. Symp. Remote Sens. Pap. No. 238. On C D Rom. M u r t h a , P.A. and D.W. Deering. 1997. Vegetation. Chapter 5: 225-255 in W. Philipson (ed.), Manual of Air Photo Interpretation. Revised Edition. Amer. Soc. Photogramm. and Remote Sens., Bethesda. MD. 689 pp. Nagel, L. and D. Schluter. 1998. Body size, natural selection and speciation in sticklebacks. Evolution 52:209-218. N a m k o o n g , G. 1997. A gene conservation plan for loblolly pine. Can. J. For. Res. 27:433-437.  N a m k o o n g , G. 1998. The place of adaptation and production in genetic improvement programs for sustainable development. Proc. 6 lh World Symp. in Genetics in Livestock Production 28:69-80. Nelson, J D. and L. Price. 1998. Modelling regional land-use plans in British Columbia. Pp. 89-99 in Proc., Forest Scenario Modelling for Ecosystem Management at the Landscape Level. European Forest Institute, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Noguchi, S., T. Tsuboyama, R.C. Sidle, and I Hosoda. 1997. Spatially distributed morphological characteristics of macropores in forest soils of Hitachi Ohta Experimental Watershed. Japan J. For. Res. 2(4):207-215. Oudjehane, A., F. Lam, and S. Avramidis. 1997. On the process of random and defined structures in wood composites. Pp. 7 6 1 - 7 6 2 in D. Hui (ed.), Proc. 4 th Int'l Conf. on Composites Engineering, Hawaii. Paszner, L. 1997. Catalysed alcohol organosolv pulping. Pp. 69-100 in R.A.Young and M. Akhtalc (eds.), Environmentally Friendly Technologies for the Pulp and Paper Industry. John Wiley & Sons Inc. Patterson, T.B., R.D. Guy, and Q.L. Dang. 1997. Whole-plant nitrogen- and waterrelations traits, and their associated tradeoffs, in adjacent muskeg and upland boreal spruce species. Oecologia 110:160-168. Perez-Garcia. J., L. Joyce. D.A. Maguire, and C.S. Binkley. 1997. Economic impacts of climatic change in the world's forest sector. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 27:S 123-S138. Perrin, C.J. and J.S. Richardson 1998. N and P limitation of benthos abundance in the Nechako River, British Columbia. Can. J. Fish. Aqu. Sci. 54:2574-2583. Peterson, E.B., N.M. Peterson. G.F. W e e t m a n , and P.J. Martin. 1997. Ecology and Management of Sitka Spruce, Emphasizing Its Natural Range in British Columbia. U B C Press, Vancouver, B.C. 336 pp. Prescott, C.E. 1997. Effects of clearcutting and alternative silvicultural systems on rates of decomposition and nitrogen mineralization in a coastal montane forest. For. Ecol. Manage. 95:253-260.  1997 Annual  Report  43  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  Prescott, C.E. 1997. Modelling forest management effects on organic matter decomposition in British Columbia. Pp. 221-229 in P. Hakkila, M., Heino, and E. Puranen (eds.), Forest Management for Bioenergy. Finnish Forest Research Institute. Res. Pap. 640. 248 pp. Prescott, C.E. and L.M. Zabek. 1997. Growth response and nutrient availability in western red cedar plantations following amendment with fish compost and straw. Can. J. For. Res. 27:598-602.  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  Proe, M.F., J.C. Dutch, D.G. Pyatt, and J.P. Kimmins. 1998. A strategy to develop a guide for whole-tree harvesting of Sitka spruce in Great Britain. Biomass and Bioenergy 13:289-299. Qian, H. and K. Klinka. 1998. Plants of British Columbia: Scientific and Common Names of Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, and Lichens. UBC Press, Vancouver, B.C. 272 pp. Qian, H„ K. Klinka, and B. Sivak. 1997. Diversity of understory vascular vegetation in 40-year old and old-growth stands on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. J. Veg. Sci. 8:773-780. Raju, D.M. and R.J. Fannin. 1997. Monotonic and cyclic pullout resistance of geogrids. Geotechnique 47(2):331 -337. Raju, D.M. and R.J. Fannin. 1998. Load-strain displacement response of geosynthetics in monotonic and cyclic pullout. Can. Geotech. J. 35(1):183-193. Ribas-Carbo, M„ L. Giles, R.D. Guy, S.A. Robinson, J.N. Siedow, and J.A. Berry. 1997. 0 2 isotope fractionation technique for studies on plant mitochondrial respiration. Mini-review. Int'l Cyber Conference on Analytical Biosciences, Hiroshima, Japan. http://neo.pharm.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/ccab/2nd/ mini_review/mrl24/ribas.html. Richardson, J.S. 1997. Conservation of stream ecosystem dynamics and biodiversity through streamside management. Pp. S-10-17 in Proc. World River C o n f , Corfu, Japan. Richardson, J.S. 1997. More life on the edge: amphibians of headwater streams. Cordillera 4(1): 13-15. Ritland, K. 1997. Review of "Genetic Data Analysis". B.S. Weir (ed.). EcoScience 4:247.  44  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  Ruddick, J.N.R. 1997. Treated wood: a sustainable use of forest resources. In Proc. Amer. Wood Preserv. 93:144. Salcudean, S.E. 1997. Control for teleoperation and haptic interfaces. Pp. 50-66 in B. Siciliano and K.P. Valavanis (eds.), Control Problems in Robotics and Automation. Springer-Verlag. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences, Vol. 230. Salcudean, S.E. and N.R. Parker. 1997. 6 - D O F desk-top voice-coil joystick. Pp. 131-137 in 6 th Ann. Symp. on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environments and Teleoperation Systems, Int'l Mech. Eng. Congr. Exp., Dallas, Texas. Salcudean, S.E. and T. Vlaar. 1997. On the emulation of stiff walls and static friction with a magnetically levitated input-output device. A S M E J. Dynamics, Measurement and Control 119:127-132. Salcudean, S.E., S. Ku, and G. Bell. 1997. Performance measurement in scaled teleoperation for microsurgery. Pp. 789-798 in J. Troccaz, E. Grimson, and R. Mosges (eds.), Proc. of C V R M e d - M R C A S '97, First Joint Conf. of Computer Vision, Virtual Reality and Robotics in Medicine and Medical Rob. and Computer-Assisted Surgery. Springer-Verlag Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 1205. Salcudean, S.E., S. Tafazoli, K. HashtrudiZaad, P.D. Lawrence, and I. Chau. 1997. Impedance control of a teleoperated miniexcavator. In 8 lh Int'l Conf. on Advanced Robotics, Monterey, CA. Salcudean, S.E., S. Tafazoli, K. HashtrudiZaad, P.D. Lawrence, and C. Reboulet. 1997. Evaluation of impedance and teleoperation control of a hydraulic mini-excavator. Pp. 187-198 in 5 lh Int'l Symp. Experimental Robotics V., Barcelona, Catalonia. Schermann, N., W.T. Adams, S.N. Aitken, and J.C. Bastien. 1997. Genetic parameters of stem form traits in a 9-year-old coastal Douglas-fir progeny test in Washington. Silvae Genetica 46(2-3): 166-170. Shishido, M. and C.P. Chanway. 1997. Effect of PGPR and spruce seedlings on forest soil microbial communities. Pp. 431-436 in Proc. 4 th Int'l Workshop on PGPR, Sapporo, Japan.  Shishido, M. and C.P. C h a n w a y . 1998. Forest soil community responses to plant growthpromoting rhizobacteria and spruce seedlings. Biol. Fert. Soils 26:179-186. Sigurdsson, O. and R.J. Fannin. 1997. Construction and performance of a geosynthetic reinforced unpaved road. Pp. 322-328 in Proc. 3 rd Int'l Conf. Ground Improvement Geosystems, London, U.K. Slangen, L.H.G., G . C . van Kooten, and J-P. P.F. van Rie. 1997. Economics of timber plantations on C 0 2 emissions in the Netherlands. Tijdschrift voor Sociaal Wctenschappelijk Onderzoek van de Landbouw 12(4):318-33. Soluk, D A. and J.S. Richardson. 1997. The role of stoneflies in enhancing growth of trout: A test of the importance of predatorpredator facilitation within a stream community. Oikos 80:214-219. Song, Dongjin and Simon Ellis. 1997. Localized properties in flakeboard: a simulation using stacked flakes. Wood & Fiber Science 29(4):353-363. Stocco, L., S.E. Salcudean, and F. Sassani. 1997. Mechanism design for global isotropy with applications to haptic interfaces. Pp. 115-122 in 6 th Ann. Syinp. on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environments and Teleoperation Systems, Int'l Mcch. Eng. Congr. Exp., Dallas, Texas. Stoehr, M.U. and Y.A. El-Kassaby. 1997. Levels of genetic diversity at different stages of the domestication cycle on interior spruce in British Columbia. Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:83-90. Strain, R.A. and S.R.J. Sheppard (eds.). 1997. In Proc. Tahoe Workshop, Establishing the Worth of Scenic Values, Stateline, Nevada. http://www.ceres.ca.gov/trpa. Suedfeld, Peter, Loraine Lavellee, and Jennifer Brough. 1998. Political language in an environmental controversy: integrative complexity and motive imagery in advocacy and the press. Pp. 290-316 in O. Feldman, and C. De Landtsheer (eds.), Politically Speaking: A Worldwide Examination of Language Used in the Public Sphere. Greenwood Press, Westport, CT. Sun, M. and K. Ritland. 1998. Mating system parameters of yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis), a successful colonizer in North America. Heredity 80:225-232.  Thompson, W.A., G.C. van Kooten, and I. Vertinsky. 1997. Assessing timber and non-timber values using a general equilibrium framework. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 27:S351-364. Timler, P., C.E. Ventura, H.G.L. Prion and R. Anjam. 1997. Experimental and analytical studies of steel plate shear walls as applied to the design of tall buildings. Pp. 261-275 in Proc. 4 th Conf. Tall Buildings in Seismic Regions, Los Angeles, CA. Turner, R.K., P.R. Boudreau, W. Salomons, R. Klein, L. T-McManus, R.C. Sidle, P. Burbridge, and I. Lorenzoni. 1997. Summary discussion notes from the workshop on "LOICZ, Guidelines for the Integration of Natural Sciences and Socio-Economic Modelling", Norwich. LOICZ Core Project Office, Texel, The Netherlands. 49 pp. van Coller, L. and G. Namkoong. 1997. Periodic polymorphisms with density dependent selection. Gen. Res. 70:45-5 I. van Kooten, G.C. 1997. Benefits of improving water quality in southwestern British Columbia: an application of economic valuation methods. Chapter 22: 214-26 in W.A. Wossink, G.C. van Kooten, and G.H. Peters (eds.), Economics of AgroChemicals. Aldershot, U.K.: Dartmouth Publishing Co. Ltd. van Kooten, G.C. and L.M. Arthur. 1997. Economic development with environmental security: Policy conundrum in rural Canada. Amer. J. Agric. Econ. 79(Dec.): 1508-14. van Kooten, G.C. and H. Folmer. 1997. Economic instruments and the pasture-crop-forest interface. Chapter 5: 113-128 in W.N. Adger, D. Pettenella, and M. Whitby (eds.), Climate-change Mitigation and European Land-use Policies. Wallingford, U.K.: CAB International. van Kooten, G.C,, E. Bulte, and P.I.D. Kinyua. 1997. Game cropping and wildlife conservation in Kenya: A dynamic simulation model with adaptive control. Agricultural Systems 54(August):439-62. van Kooten, G.C., A. Grainger, E. Ley, G. Marland, and B. Solberg. 1997. Conceptual issues related to carbon sequestration: uncertainty and time. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 27:S65-82.  1997 Annual  Report  45  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  Vlosky, R.P., E.J. Wilson, D.H. Cohen, R. Fontenot, W.J. Johnston, R.A. Kozak, D. Lawson, J.E. Lewin, D.A. Paun, E.S. Ross, J.T. Simpson, P.M. Smith, T. Smith, and B.M. Wren. 1998. Partnerships versus typical relationships between wood products distributors and their manufacturer suppliers. For. Prod. J. 48(3):27-35. Wang, S., G.C. van Kooten, and I. Vertinsky. 1997. Contractual arrangements in silviculture: The case of Canada's British Columbia. Pp. 173-79 in Y. Murashima (ed.), Sustainable Management of Small Scale Forestry. Proc. IUFRO Symp., Kyoto, Japan.  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  Wang, Z., R. Leone, and C. Breuil 1997. Why fungal growth is less effective in aspen heartwood than in aspen sapwood? Material und Organismen 31:145-155. Weetman, G.F. 1998. A forest management perspective on sustained site productivity. For. Chron. 74(1 ):35 1-369. Weetman, G.F., C.E. Prescott, F.L. Kohlberger, and R.M. Fournicr. 1997. Ten-year response of coastal Douglas-fir to N and S fertilization in an optimum nutrition trial. Can. J. For. Res. 27:1478-1482. Wei, X., C. Peng, and J.P. Kimniins. 1997. Impacts of intensive timber harvesting on sustainability of long-term site productivity. Pp. 393-408 in X. Chen et al. (eds.), Ecological Research and Sustainable Development. China Environmental Science Press, Beijing. Ecol. Soc. Chinese Youth. Vol. 4. Wei, X., J.P. Kimniins, K. Peel, and O. Steen. 1997. Mass and nutrients in woody debris in harvested and wildfire-killed lodgepole pine forests in the central interior of British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 27:148-155. Wiebe K.L. and K. Martin. 1997. Age-specific patterns of reproduction in white-tailed ptarmigan (Lagopus leucurus) and willow ptarmigan (L. lagopus). Ibis 140:14-24. Wiebe, K.L. and K. Martin. 1997. Effects of predation, body condition and temperature on incubation rhythms of ptarmigan. Wildl. Biol. 3/4:219-227. Wiebe, K.L. and K. Martin. 1998. Seasonal use by birds of stream-side riparian habitat in coniferous forests of northcentral British Columbia. Ecography 21:1-11.  46  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  Wong, K.K.Y., L.A. Martin, F.M. Gama, J.N. Saddler, and E. de Jong. 1997. Bleach boosting and direct brightening by multiple xylanase treatments during peroxide bleaching of Kraft pulps. Biotechnol. Bioengin. 54:312-318. Wood, P.M. 1997. Biodiversity as the source of biological resources: A new look at biodiversity values. Environmental Values 6(3):251-268. Wood, P.M. 1997. Conservation of the world's forests: which paradigm should we endorse? Forests and Culture 6(1): 19-25. Wood, P.M. 1997. Distributing natural resources in a democratic nation. Aboriginal Times. June 97: 6-9. Wood, P.M. 1997. Forest health in context: economics, ecology, and ethics. Pp. 24-27 in Proc. 1997 Western Forest Insect Work Conf., Prince George, B.C. Wood, P.M. 1997. Forests in culture and culture in forests. Pp. 75-87 in K.B. Lim (ed.), The Cultural Meaning of Forests. Soeul: Eoyul Wha Dang Publishing. Wood, P.M. 1998. Book review: "In a dark wood" by Alston Chase. Environmental Ethics 20(2):215-218. Wossink, G.A., G.H. Peters, and G . C . van Kooten. 1997. Introduction to agro-chemical use. Chapter 1: 1-16 in W.A. Wossink, G.C. van Kooten, and G.H. Peters (eds.), Economics of Agro-Chemicals. Aldershot, U.K.: Dartmouth Publishing Co. Ltd. Wu, W. and R.C. Sidle. 1997. Application of a distributed shallow landslide analysis model (DSLAM) to managed forested catchments in coastal Oregon. In Proc. 5 th Sci. Assem. of IAHS, Human Impact on Erosion and Sedimentation, Wallingford, U.K. IAHS Publ. 245:213-221. Yawalata, D. and L. Paszner. 1997. NAEMcatalysed A L P U L P organosolv pulping of sugarcane rind. Taiwan Sugar J. 8-13. Zhang, L.. S. Avramidis, and S.G. Hatzikiriakos. 1997. Moisture How characteristics during radio frequency/vacuum drying of thick lumber. Wood Sci. Technol. 31(4):265-277. Zhang, Y., P.A. Bicho, C. Breuil, J.N. Saddler, and S.N. Liss. 1997. Resin acid degradation by bacterial strains grown on C T M P effluent. Water Sci. Tech. 35:33-39.  Madeleine Maelvor Coordinator  F  IRST Nations Forestry initiatives continue to gain momentum and interest within the Faculty through four major activity areas: 1. Increasing the participation of First Nations students in the Faculty. 2. Providing support services to First Nations students. 3. Incorporating First Nations perspectives and issues within the Forestry curriculum. 4. Creating awareness within the University and the wider community about First Nations perspectives and issues in Forestry. These activities build on initiatives undertaken by Gordon Prest who left the Faculty to return to Nicola Valley Institute of Technology. Currently there are fifteen self-identified First Nations students in the Faculty. Of these, twelve are enrolled in the undergraduate programs, two students are completing R.P.F. requirements, and one student is studying at the Masters level. These students come from the following First Nations: Kwakwaka'wakw Nisga'a Nlak'pamux Nuu-chah-nulth Nuxalk  Sto:lo Tsimshian Wet'su wet'en Ojibwa Cree  Meetings with students over the year have highlighted a number of areas where stronger support is necessary including: funding, tutorial assistance, first-year transition, networking, and employment. First Nations Forestry students have supported recruitment and promotional initiatives, including a presentation to U B C ' s President Martha Piper. A number of students have expressed an interest in curriculum development. A strong relationship continues between the Faculty and the First Nations Professional Sciences Access Program (FNPSAP). Two current First Nations Forestry students gained entrance to the Faculty through this program. This year there are five students in the FNPSAP who are Forestry bound.  Pamela Perreault, a Masters student from Garden River First Nations was awarded the Michael and Sonja Koerner First Nations Fellowship. Two alumni, Angus Dickie from the Fort Nelson First Nation and Keith Atkinson from the Nanaimo First Nation recently became Registered Professional Foresters and were featured in the NAFA Newsletter (Fall, 1997). In June 1997, some 150 people participated in an international gathering. Indigenous Perspectives in Forestry Education Workshop. This workshop, hosted by UBC, was an opportunity to reflect upon the relationship between culture, curriculum and forestry. The workshop report is available on the web at www.forestry.ubc.ca/firstnat/workshop.html. Work has begun on incorporating First Nations content into the new B.S.F. curriculum. In collaboration with the Forestry Continuing Studies Network, the Faculty is developing a workshop for forestry practitioners on First Nations and forest lands.  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1997-98 •  Increased First Nations student enrolment (from 8 to 15).  •  Hosted the Indigenous Perspectives in Forestry Education Workshop, June 15-18, 1997.  •  Initiated incorporation of First Nations content into the new B.S.F. curriculum.  •  Began development of a First Nations and forest lands workshop for forestry practitioners.  •  Incorporation of First Nations content into Natural Resources Conservation curriculum.  PLANS FOR 1998-99 Increase the number of First Nations students in the Faculty. Strengthen support services for First Nations students in the Faculty. Continue to incorporate First Nations perspectives and issues within the existing and developing curricula. Continue to work with the community colleges to facilitate access for First Nations into the Faculty.  1997 Annual  Report  47  FIRST NATIONS FORESTRY PROGRAMS  MaclVOR, Madeleine Coordinator First Nations Forestry Programs Phone: (604)822-0651 Fax: (604) 822-8645 E-mail: macivor@unixg.ubc.ca  T INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY PROGRAMS  SCHINNERL, Sandra B.Comm. Associate Director Phone: (604) 822-9627 Fax: (604) 822-8645 E-mail: sandra ©unixg.ubc.ca  HIS past year has been one of change and excitement for International Programs (IP) and we arc looking forward to strengthening current activities and beginning the expansion into new project areas. Late last year an external review committee was called in to assess our progress. Their report concluded that the current programs were of great benefit to both the students and the faculty and recommended an expansion of international forestry programs within the university.  The review committee also recommended that IP disseminate information on the wide variety of research projects the faculty participates in internationally. The new IP page in the Annual Report will now begin to reflect this change. International Programs also wishes its former Director, Dr. Andrew Howard well as he leaves the university to concentrate fully on international forestry issues within industry. His energy and commitment to promoting international forestry opportunities was greatly appreciated.  • International Exchange and Internships The student exchange and work internship programs continue to grow. We had 17 students away on exchange in 97/98, and for 98/99 we will have a record 19 students on exchange both in Canada and internationally. Exchange students participate in university programs in the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Sweden, Finland, Costa Rica, Germany, and Austria. Willi 9% of our third-year students experiencing international study, Forestry student involvement in international exchange is well above the 5% average for UBC as a whole. The work internship program continues to expand and has provided international work opportunities for 10 students in countries such as Finland, Germany, the United Kingdom, Indonesia, Mexico and Argentina. Both students and recent graduates benefit from the program.  • International Faculty Research and Projects Many of our faculty are involved in international research initiatives. Some highlights: • The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations project on Forest Concessions on Public Forest Land was recently completed. (Research conducted by Andrew Howard, Patrick Matakala, and Peter Pearse.) • Interdisciplinary research projects are underway on behalf of the Winter Research Institute-Fuyusoken in Hokkaido, Japan. Projects include an analysis of roofing forms  48  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  Sandra Schinnerl Associate Director  and systems with heavy snow loads, and market and technical implications of full utilization of wood in construction. (Research conducted by Helmut Prion, Linda Brock, David Cohen and Dave Barrett.) • Joint research with the New Zealand Forest Research Institute on entomology studies including the relative abundance of Vespulci vulgaris compared with other insect groups in the Granville Beech Forest, Westlund. (Research conducted by John McLean.) • Participation on the advisory panel for the Centre for International Forestry (CIFOR) Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forestry - Genetics Project and the CIDA/IPGRI Project on the priorities for Genetic Conservation. (Participation by Gene Namkoong.) • Economics of Tropical Deforestation, Forest Policy: International Comparisons and Trade in Endangered Spccics. (Research by Casey van Kootcn.)  • New Undergraduate International Forestry Specialization This year also brings the addition of a new international forestry specialization to both the Forest Science and the Forest Management undergraduate programs. This specialization allows students to fulfill the core requirements of their main degree program, while learning a new language, developing knowledge of a specific region, and participating in either an international study or work experience. The objective is to educate students on international forestry issues and better understand C a n a d a ' s role in the international arena. We hoped that the program can expand to both the Natural Resources Conservation and Wood Products Processing Programs.  • Future Events and Projects There are a number of exciting new projects for international programs on the horizon, including plans for an "International Forestry Institute" and new professional programs. W e will continue to be involved in coordinating international events including a conference on Global Markets in Forestry in June 1999.  with the knowledge and skills to develop quality plans, statistical process control, and customer feedback systems. Thomas Maness Director  T  HE goal of the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing (CAWP) is to improve Canada's capabilities in the high-tech secondary wood products manufacturing sector. Successful competition in this global market requires specialized knowledge, innovation, and a highly skilled workforce. W e contribute to this in four ways: with an innovative undergraduate program designed to produce specialists targeted for this industry; with an applied research and graduate education program aimed at advancing new technologies; with continuing education programs for upgrading the skills of current employees; and, with extension services providing immediate assistance to Canadian firms. Managed as a business unit, CAWP is a national centre of excellence, funded through industry membership fees, cost recovery on services, and endowment grants from Forest Renewal BC and the Federal Government.  • Education Programs Our main activity in 1997 was developing curriculum and teaching in the Faculty's undergraduate Wood Products Processing program. Faculty and staff housed in CAWP developed and taught ten new undergraduate courses. These courses form the advanced woodworking technology core of the new program.  • Secondary Manufacturing for New Managers. A program to quickly bring new managers from other industries up to speed on wood products manufacturing. The Centre also organizes international conferences. This year we created and hosted the highly successful International Value-added Wood Processing Conference. It will now be offered on an annual basis. In 1998 three new conferences will be offered: Advanced Wood Finishing, Tooling and Machining for Secondary Manufacturing, and Automated Wood Construction.  • Extension The focal point of our extension program is the Wood Products Quality Council of Canada. The council is organized by six faculty and staff members, is directed by a industry advisory board, and consists of a growing number of member companies. In 1997 the council developed member certification criteria, offered industry workshops, and provided custom on-site training and support. The council also conducts market research into consumer preferences and perception in product quality. In 1998 we will develop product testing capability. The Centre also offers extension support in Tooling and Machining, Machine Design and Engineering, Marketing and Market Research, Product Construction and Design, Lumber Drying, Wood Finishing, and Production Planning and Control.  • Applied Research  The Centre also manages the Wood Products Processing Cooperative Education program. In 1997 the coop program again enjoyed a 100% placement rate. Students were placed across Canada, the United States and Japan. We will continue to emphasize international placements to increase the awareness and experience base of our graduates.  Applied research at the Centre is conducted by an interdisciplinary group of UBC faculty associates, and other national and international researchers. Three new faculty members in Industrial Engineering, Wood Finishing, and Secondary Wood Processing will be added to our staff, greatly increasing our research capability. Examples of projects in 1997 are:  • Continuing Education  • Japanese consumer preferences in product quality.  Continuing education is a strong priority at the Centre. New certificate programs are being developed that contain 150 hours of instruction and are offered in two- and three-day modules and night classes. Examples are: • Lumber Drying Certificate. A four-week program to certify kiln operators. • Wood Products Quality Assurance Certificate. A program to upgrade personnel  BRISEBOIS, Larry Tooling & Machining Specialist DUREPOS, Marco Quality Assurance Specialist FOLEY, Dallas Computer Software Engineer FORGET, Christine Cooperative Education Coordinator GOUDIE, Derek Curriculum Design/Wood Products Manufacturing GRAHAM, Peggy Secretary HERDEG, Kai Quality Assurance & Product Development JOHNSTON, Wendy Program Coordinator SICAD, Noli Post-doctoral Fellow  WONG, Darrell Assistant Director Tooling & Machining Team Leader WRAY, Tom Facility Manager Phone: (604)822-6448 Fax: (604)822-9159  • Real-time statistical process control technologies using computer vision.  Centre Associates Avramidis, Stavros Cohen, David Cramond, Pat Ellis, Simon Kozak, Rob Lawrence, Peter Schajer, Gary Yellowley, Ian Troczynski, Tom  • Advanced algorithms for optimizing chop saws and field studies of chop saw systems. • Requirements for furniture testing in the Canadian furniture manufacturing industry.  Report  MANESS, Thomas B.S.F., M.Sc., Ph.D. Director, Centre for Advanced Wood Processing E-mail: maness@unixg.ubc.ca  SCHINNERL, Sandra Special Events Manager  • An evaluation of shared-use facilities for secondary wood products manufacturing.  1997 Annual  CENTRE FOR ADVANCED WOOD PROCESSING  49  T CENTRE FOR APPLIED CONSERVATION BIOLOGY  BUNNELL, Fred L. B.S.F. (Hons.), Ph.D., R.P. Bio. Director Centre for Applied Conservation Biology Phone: (604) 822-5928 Fax: (604)822-5410 E-mail: fbunnell@unixg.ubc.ca  HE Centre for Applied Conservation Biology in the Faculty of Forestry promotes conservation of biological diversity while maintaining economic development. This Centre is unique in its incorporation of a novel undergraduate program, broad definition of educational targets, close links between basic and applied disciplines, and focus on forested ecosystems where conflicts between biological diversity and economic activities are most contentious.  • Education Our educational program has three elements: an affiliated undergraduate program, a rapidly growing graduate program, and short courses for target audiences such as professional foresters, resource managers, the public and the public media. Our teaching staff continues to grow. We are closely linked to the Faculty's undergraduate B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservation) program. That program includes a core of natural science courses in forest, plant, and animal ecology, conservation biology and landscape ecology, and a suite of social science and management courses in economics, political science and philosophy to translate natural process into human values. The "Seminar in Biological Conservation" series combines graduate level instruction and public lectures on important conservation issues. (See Special Lectures section in this report.) Centre Associates  Ann C. Allaye Chan-McLeod B.S.F., M.Sc., Ph.D. Associate Director Phone: (604) 822-5442 Fax: (604) 822-5410 E-mail: allaye ©unixg.ubc.ca  Sally Aitken Philip Burton Susan Glenn Alton Harestad Scott Hinch Walter Klenner Brian Klinkenberg Pamela Krannitz  Laurie Kremsater Kathy Martin Bruce McLellan Laura Nagel Gene Namkoong John Nelson Michael Pitt  John Richardson Kermit Ritland Jim Rochelle Geoffrey Scudder David Shackleton James Smith David Tait  • Extension Outreach employs a variety of approaches. Centre personnel worked closely with the Enhanced Forest Management Pilot Projects and Innovative Forest Practices Agreements. That work is intended to develop credible ways of sustaining biological diversity in managed forests. The pamphlet scries was changed from 8-panel pamphlets to single pages to encompass more topics; again with support from the Canadian Wildlife Service. More than 50 talks were given by Centre members to professional groups in North America and Europe. Contact with First Nations was sustained by having graduate students on-site in First Nations  50  UBC Faculty  of  Forestry  Fred L. Bunnell Director  communities. Centre members are intimately involved in refining those aspects of the B.C. Forest Practices Code and Oregon Forest Practices Act that are creating unintended consequences for biological diversity.  • Research Interdisciplinary, cooperative research is the key to answering the broad questions of conservation biology. The Centre brings together scholars from the university, the province and internationally. We are testing conservation biology theories in the context of forested ecosystems and intend to apply this knowledge to managed forests, parks and natural areas. Among the larger projects currently underway are: • Leadership within the Sustainable Forest Management Network of Centres of Excellence, a national research program focussed on Canada's boreal forests (Drs. F. Bunnell and D. Tait). • Inventory and research on the ecology and genetics of tailed frog and Pacific giant salamander populations as these arc influenced by forest practices (Drs. F. Bunnell, .1. Richardson and K. Ritland). • A decision-support tool evaluating economic and biological consequences of forest planning at the landscape level, including a system for enhancing community participation in land and resource planning (Drs. F. Bunnell and J. Nelson). • Definition and analysis of effectiveness of corridors (Drs. S. Glenn and A. Chan-McLeod). • Physiological and behavioural response of resident stream salmonids to riparian logging practices (Dr. S. Hinch). • A comparative study of cavity nesters in a variety of forest types that is intended to develop approaches to sustaining cavity nesters in managed forests (Drs. K. Martin and F. Bunnell). • Metapopulation dynamics and biodiversity of high elevation ecosystems (Dr. K. Martin).  being given more opportunities to contribute to training-related projects.  Patricia Plackett Executive Director  T  HIS year has been a time of major change for the Forestry Continuing Studies Network. Early in 1997 a new board of directors with broader stakeholder representation was put into placc. The first meeting of the new board was held in February. Two subcommittees were established - one to look at structural options for the organization and the other to look at financial matters. The KPMG review of the organization completed in October 1996 had recommended a comprehensive review of structural options. As of the beginning of the 1997/98 fiscal year the Ministry of Forests was no longer in a position to provide any financial support for the provincial coordination work (provincial databases, catalogues, information services, etc.) of the FCS Network. In June, board members decided that the FCS Network should incorporate as a society. This decision was undertaken to provide more efficient delivery of services by the organization's six offices and to potentially open up new funding opportunities. With incorporation the advisory board has become a directing board with a strong focus on improving the financial viability of the organization. The logo has been modernized, in part to f promote the new short § f jfcf Network  version ot lhe  organization's  name. In July, a Strategic Planning Workshop was held to refine the mission of the organization and focus on organizational improvements. There has been subsequent planning within the organization with a view to sharpening the focus of the organization to deal with the changes that are taking place in B.C.'s forest sector. The intent is to retain the two key areas of service provided by the FCS Network: • Training delivery services. • Province-wide communication services on training opportunities. Over the past year the FCS Network has provided training for a total of over 1600 training days. The number of conferences and workshops has increased each year. Network offices are also  The Delivery Centres have continued to deliver training related to the Enhanced Forestry Program, Watershed Restoration Program and Resources Inventory Program. One new initiative was the "Channel Conditions and Prescriptions Assessment" course. Repeated activities included the "How to determine site index in silviculture" course and the "Windthrow Management" workshops. In addition, some interesting events were held in conjunction with the FCS Network host institutions, such as the Forest Hydrology Symposium, the Indigenous Perspectives in Forestry Education Workshop and the Multi Species Initial Spacing Trials Workshop, events related to UBC Faculty of Forestry initiatives. Two priorities over the past year have been to identify alternative funding for the provincial communication services and to work with stakeholder groups to find better ways of identifying training needs. Board of Directors  FORESTRY CONTINUING STUDIES NETWORK  P L A C K E T T , Patricia A . B.A.(Hons.), M.A., Ph.D. Executive Director Forestry Continuing Studies Network Phone: E-mail:  F r e d B a x t e r , Regional Manager, Kamloops Forest Region. Ministry of Forests  (604) 822-9278 plackett@unixg.ubc.ca  B r o n w e n Beedle, Deputy Chief Forester. Ministry of Forests C l a r k Binkley, Dean. Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia  S A T O , Shirley  J i m B u r b e c , Chief Forester, Northwood Pulp & Paper Ltd.  Database Manager and  L i n d a K a i v a n t o , Program Coordinator. Ministry of Advanced Education, Training and Technology  Phone:  (604) 822-5874  E-mail:  sato@unixg.ubc.ca  B.A. Catalogue Editor  I.es Kiss, General Manager, Coast Forest & Lumber Association G a r r y M a n c e l l , Partner, Davis & Co.  Fax: (604)822-3106  A r t S h o r t r e i d , Project Officer, First Nations Forestry, Natural Resources Canada  www.forestry.ubc.ca/fcsn/fcsn.html  V a n Scoffield, Executive Director, Association of B C Professional Foresters R a l p h T o r n e y , President. RFT Industries K a n d y T r e r i s e , Forest Practices Forester, Pope & Talbot Limited Dave W i l f o r d , Research Hydrologist, Ministry of Forests N a n c y Wilkin, Director, Resource Stewardship Branch, Ministry of Environment, Lands & Parks  PLANS FOR 1998-99 To seek alternatives to classroom-based training delivery in order to increase access to the training that we currently deliver. To undertake a more "pro active" role in the development of courses, workshops and seminars in order to enhance our ability to meet training needs in a timely and effective manner.  1997 Annual  Report  51  T  HE Silviculture Institute of British Columbia (SIBC) was established in 1985 to raise the level of forest practices in British Columbia through continuing education. We offer the following programs:  SILVICULTURE INSTITUTE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA  P A R S O N S , C a n d a c e E.B. B.S.F., R.P.F. Executive Director Silviculture Institute of BC and Institute of Forest Engineering of BC  P I C K F O R D , J o a n n e D. B.S.F., R.P.F. Program Manager H A L L , Mary J. B.A. Program Assistant  Phone: (604) 224-7800 Fax: ( 6 0 4 ) 2 2 4 - 7 0 1 0 E-mail: sibc@unixg.ubc.ca  • UBC Diploma in Forestry (Advanced Silviculture) - for Registered Professional Foresters. • Technical Module Program - for forest technologists and technicians. • Silviculture 1&2 Correspondence Courses - for Foresters-in-Training and Pupils. The professional diploma program consists of 12 weeks of advanced silviculture education delivered to practising professional foresters employed by industry, consulting and government from all parts of the province. Instructors, many of whom volunteer time to the Institute, are drawn from academia, government, industry and consulting. We are grateful to the following individuals from the UBC Faculty of Forestry for their involvement and support: G. Baskerville, C. Binkley, D. Cohen, K. Day, H. Driscoll, M. Feller, J.P. Kimmins, K. Klinka, A. Kozak, D. Lavender (professor emeritus), S. Mitchell, J.A. McLean, P.L. Marshall, J. Nelson, C. Power, P. Sanders, B. Seely, B. van der Kamp, G. Weetman and P. Wood. We acknowledge the financial support of Forest Renewal BC and thank all our volunteers and other supporters from UBC, the Ministry of Forests, the forest industry, UNBC and the Canadian Forest Service for helping us to achieve our 12th year of excellence.  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1997-98 Diploma Program (6 Modules) 117  Candace E.B. Parsons Executive Director  across B.C. representing industry, consulting and government. The entire program consists of six, two-week modules based on the SIBC model. The UBC Senate approved our proposal for diploma status on January 21, 1998 creating the new "Diploma in Forest Engineering" co-sponsored by the Faculties of Forestry and Applied Science (Civil Engineering). SIBC Board of Directors Directors  Correspondence Courses ( S i l v i c u l t u r e 18,2) 6 8  University of B.C.  P.L. Marshall (E. V a n Scoffield)  Association of BC Professional Foresters  R.E. Carter (R.A. Willis)  Forest industry  A. Dickinson  C a n a d i a n Forest Service  C. Opio (W. Kessler)  University of Northern B.C.  J.D.Sutherland-(L.R.Bedford)  Ministry of Forests  *S1BC graduates.  PLANS FOR 1998-99 SIBC plans to re-examine all current curriculae in light of changing client needs and demographics, and enhance our marketing efforts to continue to attract new students. IFEBC plans to continue to develop and deliver the new diploma program. IFEBC Board of Directors Directors  (Alternates):  W.E. Dumont, Chair (D.R. Yochim)  SIBC registrants  by program  1997 - 1998  J.G. Chittick (W. Cowlard) B. Chow (R. Neden)  Our alumni now total 198 professional graduates and 20 technical graduates. The new Institute of Forest Engineering of BC (IFEBC) was off to a flying start in 1997-98 with the launch of our new professional program in forest engineering. A full class of 25 students attended the inaugural offerings of Module 1 in May and Module 2 in November. The class included a broad cross-section of professional foresters, engineers and geoscientists from  52  UBC  Faculty  of  Forestry  Students & graduates  G.F. W e e t m a n (C.S. Binkley)  Technical Program (3 M o d u l e s ) 5 6 -  Representing:  (Alternates):  G.E. L e s t e r ' , Chair (M.D. Larock)'  P.W. Clarke (B. Bentley)  Representing: Association of BC Professional Foresters Forest Industry Div. of Engineers & Geoscientists in the Forest Sector APEGBC  R. Davis (Y. Mirza)  Ministry of Forests  D.A. Dobson  Consulting Engineers &  R.J. Fannin (A. Russell)  University Civil Engineering  J.N. MacFarlane (P.R. Blanchard)  Consulting Foresters  J. Nelson (G. Baskerville)  University Forestry Education  A.W.J. Sinclair (M.L.Clark)  Forest Engineering Research  Geoscientists Education  "satellite" callers in Duncan, Prince George, Kelowna and Victoria. W e are grateful to everyone who participated and responded. T a r a Scott M a c K e n z i e Development Officer  T  H E forest sector in British Columbia is in the midst of a p r o f o u n d transition. Yet despite the challenges and uncertainty - or perhaps in large part because of them - alumni, corporations, individuals, foundations, faculty members and students continued their strong support for the Faculty of Forestry this year. Forest conservation, forest management and wood processing require specialized levels of knowledge to ensure efficiency and wise use of our forests. Private sector donations help us generate innovative and effective solutions to forest issues and prepare our students for careers in forestry and forest-related professions. W e extend our sincere appreciation to all those who contributed their time and resources to help us ensure that U B C remains a world leader in forestry education.  • Designated Areas of Support Private sector contributions to the faculty totalled $830,859 and were primarily directed to the following areas:  Area of designation  $ raised  % of total $ raised  Forest Sciences Centre  505,300  60.8  Scholarships & Bursaries National Education Initiative for the CAWP Endowments Class Act  162,257  19.5  93,875  11.3 8.1 .3  Total donations  67,166 2,261  The Faculty added a new stewardship program this year. A group of Forestry students all winners of scholarships funded by Alumni and friends of U B C - joined Dean Clark Binkley to volunteer for the First Annual, Donor Appreciation Phonathon. Our students called hundreds of our alumni donors to say " T h a n k s , " and to express their appreciation for the tremendous support students receive from graduates each year. The Donor Appreciation Phonathon was received very well by alumni, and other faculties are planning to follow Forestry's lead with similar programs.  • Class Act Program Our future foresters are also committing their support to the Faculty. Seventy-seven per cent of this year's graduating class contributed to the Class Act Program, raising in excess of $2,200 for the class project: a specially commissioned mural for the new Forest Sciences Centre.  • NEI Fundraising Program The National Education Initiative continued to partner with the Centre for Advanced W o o d Products and the W o o d Products Processing Degree Programs, to raise scholarship and operating funds for the programs. This partnership also ensures that programs are aligned with the educational and training needs of industry, and that industry funds provide maximum benefit through C A W P and W P P Programs.  PLANS FOR 1998-99 •  Recognize donors to the Forest Sciences Centre, opening September 1998.  •  Provide enhanced reports to donors on the use of gifts.  •  Develop additional opportunities for alumni, donors and friends to interact with our Faculty and students.  •  Expand the "thank you" calling program to encompass all donors and alumni.  •  Secure necessary funding for projects addressing priority issues in forestry.  •  Continue to develop funding support for projects addressing priority issues in forestry.  $830,859  • Forestry Alumni Are Number One Forestry continues to have the highest alumni participation rate of all the faculties on campus. This year, Alumni contributed $124,466 toward Faculty priorities. Our sincere thanks go to campaign co-chairs Russ Clinton and Charlie Johnson, and their dedicated team of volunteers for organizing the successful Alumni Campaign. Through the Alumni Telepledge Campaign, volunteers phoned classmates and friends to say hello and e n c o u r a g e their support of forestry education. O u r fundraising efforts were aided by  FACULTY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  1997 Annual  Report  53  MacKENZIE, Tara Scott B.B.A. Development Officer Phone: (604)822-8716 Fax: (604) 822-8645 E-mail: tarscott@unixg.ubc.ca  H.R. MACMILLAN LECTURES AND COURSE SPONSORSHIP • Conservation Biology Lectures  SPECIAL LECTURES  Wc invited internationally known members of the scientific community to UBC to participate in Conservation 500, a graduate seminar course in conservation biology. Dr. K. Martin organized the lecture series and taught the course. The Lecture Series is made possible by a grant from the H.R. MacMillan Family Fund. The following scientists gave public lectures:  Len Thomas University of St. Andrews, Scotland • Population monitoring for conservation.  Mark Brigham University of Regina, Saskatchewan • Effects of forest harvesting on the conservation of bats.  Susan Hannon University of Alberta, Edmonton • Patch and larger-scale perspectives of boreal forest fragmentation: a bird's eye view.  Ilse Storch Munich Wildlife Society, Germany • The big and the beautiful: Flagship species as a tool in international conservation activities.  Malcolm Hunter University of Maine, Orono, Maine • Managing forest ecosystems to maintain biodiversity. University of British Columbia • Advancing forest conservation certification: Who determines managed forest?  through what is a well-  Rosemary Gillespie University of Hawaii, Honolulu • Insular conservation: The Hawaiian as an extreme case.  Islands  Walter Koenig University of California, Berkeley • Spatial autocorrelation in California  birds.  Daniel Simberloff University of Tennessee, Knoxville • Why and how should we manage forests biodiversity?  Enrique Jordal University of Guadalahara, Mexico • Community-based conservation and sustainable forestry in western Mexico.  UBC Faculty  among  • Conservation 451 (Integrated Field School) During the fall term, a new 15-credit integrated field course was organized by Laura Nagel (our new Instructor in Conservation Biology) in collaboration with Profs. Michael Feller, Susan Glenn, Scott Hinch and David Tindall. The course, taught for the first time this past fall, consists of several modules focussing on different ecosystems in B.C. The innovative format is part of an attempt to teach students about the complex issues surrounding conservation more effectively than through traditional learning from textbook examples. Over 80 speakers participated in both classroom and field activities. These speakers ranged from internationally known experts on science and environmental policy to representatives from all levels of government, workers in resource-based fields, First Nations groups and a broad range of N G O ' s as well as interested individuals. The participation of these speakers was made possible by a grant to the Faculty of Forestry from the H.R. MacMillan Family Fund. Course set up cost were sponsored by the UBC Teaching and Learning Enhancement Fund.  THE SCHAFFER LECTURE  Jeff Hayward  54  Kathryn Freemark Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa • Conserving biodiversity: Linkages ecological and geopolitical scales.  of  Forestry  for  The Leslie L. Schaffer Lectureship in Forest Sciences was established in 1981 in the memory of Leslie L. Schaffer, D.Sc., former Executive Vice-President of Western Plywood Co. Ltd. The fund was established by Mrs. Leslie L. Schaffer to finance lectures and publications by visiting forest scientists at the Faculty of Forestry, UBC. On November 3, nearly 200 people attended this year's lecture by Dr. Daniel Botkin, President of the Center for the Study of the Environment, Santa Barbara, CA, and Professor of Biology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Copies of Dr. Botkin's talk "Getting the paradigm right: The essential ecological foundation for the conservation and sustainable management of B.C. 's forests" are available from the Department of Forest Sciences at UBC.  STUDENTS FOR FORESTRY AWARENESS Public Lecture Series Students for Forestry Awareness (SFA) is an independent, student organization that has been in existence at U B C for over ten years. Through periodic symposia and a continuing speaker series the SFA introduces a variety of philosophical, academic, environmental, and industrial perspectives on forestry related issues to students, faculty and the general public. Further endeavours include developing career week for undergraduates and a mentorship program between professional foresters and prospective students. All of the projects emphasize the critical importance of awareness and foster this aspect into their mandate. Speakers and topics during the 1997/98 academic year included:  Gilbert Paille President & CEO, Forest Engineering Research Institute of Canada • Community forestiy and the history of Quebec forestry.  David Haley (moderator) Michael M'Gonigle, Patrick Moore and Sandy Peel (speakers) • Tenure Reform Panel  Discussion.  Garry Merkel Owner/Manager, Forest Innovations, Kimberley, B.C. • Land ethics in forest  management.  Clark Binkley  SPECIAL LECTURES  Dean, UBC Faculty of Forestry • Forestiy in the next millennium.  Martha Piper  April Hayward  President, University of British Columbia • What's your opinion!  Third year Conservation Student. • Project Guyana, youth challenge international.  John Davis UBC Forestry Undergraduate • BCFS fire fighting.  Sergio Paone Friends of Clayquot Sound • Resolving land use conflicts in Sound.  Clayquot  Tony Hamilton Biologist with the Ministry of Environment • Black bear habitat implications on forest management in B. C.  Dave Haggart President, International Workers Association • The role of the IWA in B.C. 's forest industry.  Cliff White National Park Warden • Applying ecological sciences to the central Rocky Mountain ecosystem.  Lorraine MacLauchlan Council Member, Association of British Columbia Professional Foresters • The state of forest health in the B.C. interior.  1997 Annual  Report  55  PRODUCTION  INFORMATION  This Annual Report was prepared on an IBM PC AT compatible computer using Microsoft Word for Windows 95 Version 7.0. A final camera-ready impression was produced using an HP Laserjet 5M printer.  Cover: Text:  Cornwall cover coated one side 10 pt. Resolve coated matte 80 lbs.  Questions concerning this report or requests for mailing list updates, deletions or additions should be directed to: Dr. Susan Watts Annual Report Editor Faculty of Forestry, Dean's Office University of British Columbia 2 nd Floor, Forest Sciences Centre 2005-2424 Main Mall Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4 CANADA Phone: Pax: E-mail:  (604)822-6316 (604) 822-8645 suwatts@unixg.ubc.ca  Printed in Canada on recycled paper.  UBC Faculty of Forestry H o m e Page http://www.forestry.ubc.ca  Location:  4  Bad.  *  j|  a  Raw)  ^  A  Him  C««h  &  Suds  fosslitIfeca/  FW  f£  1  ted*  '  R£M IF- Li.1.™  Ml  Student information Programs & Departments  First Nations Initiatives  Research Forests Publications & Events Alumni & Fundraising  Other Forestry Links  The Faculty of Forestry World Wide Web site features: • academic program details; • profiles of Faculty members; • department and allied program descriptions; • online Faculty newsletters and special event announcements. Any comments or suggestions about our World Wide Web site can be addressed to Wendy Atkinson, Web Administrator, at (604) 822-2176 or e-mail atkinso@unixg.ubc,ca.  Faculty of Forestry, Dean's Office University of British Columbia 2nd Floor, Forest Sciences Centre 2005-2424 Main Mall Vancouver. B.C. V6T IZ4 CANADA Phone: (604)822-2727 Fax: (604) 822-8645  


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