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Annual report, 1998 Watts, Susan B.; University of British Columbia. Faculty of Forestry 1999

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Annual Report Faculty of Forestry The University of British Columbia Vancouver, B.C. Canada F O R E S T R Y A D V I S O R Y C O U N C I L T h e F o r e s t r y A d v i s o r y C o u n c i l p r o v i d e s a d v i c e t o the F a c u l t y on c u r r i c u l u m m a t t e r s a n d r e s e a r c h p r i o r i t i e s . Mr. G. Weyerhaeuser Jr. (Chair) Chairman, Weyerhaeuser Canada Mr. John Allan Deputy Minister Ministry of Forests Mr. T.M. Apsey Consultant Victoria, B.C. Mr. I.K. Barber President, Chair & CEO Slocan Forest Products Ltd. Dr. Peter J.G. Bentley Chairman Cantor Corporation Mr. Bob Bird Vice-President Canwood Furniture Inc. Mr. Ric Careless Regional Coordinator World Wildlife Fund Canada Mr. Art DeFehr President Palliser Furniture Dr. Ian de la Roche President Forintek Canada Corp. Mr. Sandy Fulton President & CEO Pacific Forest Products Ltd. Mr. Ian Gill Executive Director Ecotrust Canada Dr. Yvan Hardy Assistant Deputy Minister Natural Resources Canada Mr. C.T. Hazelwood President & CEO Northwood Pulp & Timber Ltd. Mr. Kimi Ito President K. Ito & Associates Ltd. Dr. Asa Johal President Terminal Forest Products Mr. John Kerr Chairman & CEO Lignum Ltd. Dr. Winifred B. Kessler Chair, Forestry Program Natural Resources and Environmental Studies University of Northern B.C. Mr. Henry H. Ketcham III President & CEO West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd. Mr. Stuart Lang Vice-Chairman of the Board Crestbrook Forest Industries Ltd. Mr. Graham Lea Secretary-Treasurer Truck Loggers Association Mr. Kevin Lynch Deputy Minister Industry Canada Mr. George Malpass President Primex Forest PioduUs Mr. Garry Merkel Owner/Manager Forest Innovations Kimberley, B.C. Mr. Jack Munro Chairman Forest Alliance of British Columbia Mr. Denis O'Gorman Assistant Deputy Minister Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks Dr. Gordon H. Orians Professor University of Washington Dr. Gilbert Paille President & CEO Forest Engineering Research Institute of Canada Mr. Keith Purchase Executive Vice-President & COO MacMillan Bloedel Ltd. Dr. Marie Rauter President & CEO Ontario Forest Industry Association Mr. Erkki Rautianen Director Blower & Sheet Metal Ltd. Mr. George R. Richards President & CEO Weldwood of Canada Limited Mr. Ralph Roberts Director, Forestry Section Canadian International Development Agency Mr. E. Van Scoftleld Executive Director Association of BC Professional Foresters Mr. W.T. Stephens President & CEO MacMillan Bloedel Ltd. Dr. Joseph D. Wright President & CEO Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada 1 9 9 8 A N N U A L R E P O R T Faculty of Forestry University of British Columbia April 1, 1998 - March 31, 1999 COVER BACKGROUND PHOTOGRAPH Photographer: Bryan Evans Bunchberry {Cornus canadensis) and oak fern {Gymnocarpium dryopteris) in Ecological Reserve #98, Chilliwack River, B.C. COVER INSET PHOTOGRAPHS Clockwise from top left: ** The new Forest Sciences Centre at UBC. Photographer: John Chong -> Students studying in the atrium of the new building. Photographer: Rene Mart in The new Centre for Advanced Wood Processing at the Forest Sciences Centre, UBC. Photographer: Ken Wong *•» Wood Products Processing students learning practical wood working skills in the machine shop at the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing. Photographer: Sandy McKel lar TEXT PHOTOGRAPHS Photographers: UBC Telestudios Editor: Susan B. Watts. Ph.D.. R.P.F. Desktop Publisher: Patsy Quay ©1999, Faculty of Forestry University of British Columbia ISSN 1 188-9837 Dean's Message 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS • S T U D E N T S A N D T E A C H I N G P R O G R A M S U n d e r g r a d u a t e S tuden t s • Programs of Study 4 • Recruitment and Enrolment 5 . Awards 6 . Graduat ion Statistics 7 G r a d u a t e S tuden t s . Enrolment Statistics 8 • Scholarships and Fellowships 9 . Degrees Granted 10 • F A C U L T Y A N D F A C U L T Y R E S E A R C H O f f i c e of the D e a n 12 . Faculty and Staff 13 Fores t S c i e n c e s Depa r tmen t 14 . Faculty and Staff 15 • Achievements and Plans 19 Fores t R e s o u r c e s M a n a g e m e n t D e p a r t m e n t 20 . Faculty and Staff 21 . Achievements and Plans 23 W o o d Sc i ence D e p a r t m e n t 24 . Faculty and Staff 25 • Achievements and Plans 27 Un ive r s i ty Resea rch Fores t s 28 O f f i c e s , A w a r d s and Dis t inc t ions 29 E x t r a m u r a l F u n d i n g and S p o n s o r e d Research 33 Facu l ty Pub l i ca t ions 39 • C E N T R E S , I N S T I T U T E S A N D T A R G E T E D P R O G R A M S C e n t r e f o r A d v a n c e d W o o d P roces s ing 47 C e n t r e fo r App l i ed Conse rva t i on Bio logy 48 S i lv i cu l tu re and Fores t E n g i n e e r i n g Insti tute of 49 Bri t i sh C o l u m b i a In te rna t iona l Fores t ry P r o g r a m s 50 First N a t i o n s Fores t ry P r o g r a m s 51 Facu l ty D e v e l o p m e n t P r o g r a m 52 • S P E C I A L L E C T U R E S 53  DEAN'S MESSAGE AS wc move towards the new millennium, the Faculty of Forestry at the University of British Columbia looks forward to further developing its mission to serve society - in British Columbia, in Canada and throughout the world - by improving its capacity to deal with forestry issues broadly defined. Forestry requires a global perspective. Formulation of new policies by world bodies to certify forestry practices and the realization that forest products compete on a world market require that we maintain a broad outlook in order to define the role that we play in teaching, research and direct professional service to government, industry, native bands and non-governmental organizations. The past year has provided an important milestone. The opening of our new home in the Forest Sciences Centre has furnished us with the latest in teaching and research facilities. In the main building, four lecture theatres are set up with the latest audiovisual technologies including ceiling projectors to support laptop computer and videotape presentations. Regular slide projectors, overhead projectors and chalk (or white) boards are also provided. A series of regular classrooms allow for various table configurations to meet the lecture, project or team needs of individual classes. We share these facilities with the whole campus. More than 40 per cent of the classes last session were from faculties other than Forestry. Two computer laboratories with a total of 60 terminals provide our students with 24-hour access to teaching materials, the internet and e-mail. We are well positioned to implement the learner-centered education objectives of TREK 2000. Highlights of 1998/99 Just as we moved into the Forest Sciences Centre last year there was a major turn over of faculty administrators in the Dean 's Office and of Department Heads. Dean Clark Binkley moved to a position with a natural resource investment group in the United Slates leaving us with an eight year legacy of greatly expanded horizons for education and research in forestry broadly defined. Associate Dean Tony Kozak finally elected to take his first well earned sabbatical leave and Dr. Peter Marshall has taken over as associate dean of Undergraduate Studies. Dr. Chris Chanway continued as associate dean of Graduate Studies in Forestry and Dr. Colette Breuil has been appointed as associate dean of Research. Dr. Bart van der Kamp took over the reigns of the Department of Forest Sciences from Dr. Gene Namkoong. Dr. Jack Saddler succeeded Dr. David Barrett as head of the Department of Wood Science. Dr. Valerie LeMay was acting head of Forest Resources Management until January I, 1999 when she passed this mantle to Dr. John Nelson. After many extensive searches we look forward to having our full complement of FRBC chairs in place by July lsl, 1999. The new appointments include Dr. John Innes (Forest Management), Dr. John Barker (Silviculture), Dr. Peter Arcese (Conservation Biology) and Dr. Dan Moore (Forest Hydrology - 1/3 joint appointment, 2/3 with Geography). They will join Dr. Fred Bunnell (Conserva- tion Biology, Director of the Centre for Applied Conservation Biology) and Dr. Roy Sidle (Forest Hydrology - 2/3 joint appointment, 1/3 with Geography). The table below provides basic indicators of the Faculty's activities over the past five years, along with our forecast for the 1999/00 academic year. Faculty of Forestry Activities, 1994/95 - 1999/00e 94/95 95/96 96/97 97/98 98/99 99/00c Undergraduate enrolment' 452 522 591 621 627 620 Distance credit education (fte) 22 29 36 37 29 31 Graduate enrolment 180 189 201 209 206 215 Diploma in Forestry - 73 47 48 53 101 Diploma in Forest Engineering - - - 45 93 107 Teaching Evaluation Index2 2.28 2.25 2.24 2.31 2.27 - GPOB ($000)' 4,939 4,808 4,798 4,741 4,865 4,905 GPOB/WFTE4 $2,714 $2,340 $2,129 $1,989 $2,076 $2,031 Extramural funding ($000)5 5,079 7,141 10,409 9,089 8,929 9,000 Endowment income ($000)6 - - 975 1,011 1,063 1,142 Extramural funding/GPOB faculty member ($000) 121 188 289 265 255 243 'Headcount unless otherwise noted. 4 W F T E calculated as 2 x (undergraduate + extrasessional + 2Average numerical score of several criteria used by students diploina/3) + 4 x Masters + 6 x Ph.D. students, to assess teaching per formance of faculty members . 'Research + special purpose + endowment (until 1996/97; I = Excellent; 2 = Very Good; 3 = Good; 4 = Fair; shown separately after this). 5 = Poor; 6 = Very Poor. ' 'Endowment income separated f rom extramural income f rom 3 G P O B = Base recurring budget . 1996/97 onwards. 1998 Annual Report 1 This year we have had two retirements. Dr. Gordon Weetman has retired after 22 years as Professor of Silviculture. In addition to significant contributions in B.C. and nationally in his area, Dr. Weetman has played a major role in the founding of the Silviculture Institute of B.C. He has also served on the Council of the Association of BC Professional Foresters for the past five years. Dr. Gene Namkoong has retired after five years as head of the Department of Forest Sciences. During his period with us, Dr. Namkoong has maintained his world leadership role in forest and conservation genetics. His contributions were recognised in 1993 when he was awarded the Marcus Wallenburg Prize. The Faculty will honour Dr. Namkoong at a symposium on " U n i f y i n g Objectives of Evolution, Conservation and Breeding" in July. Details are available from the Forest Sciences Department. Our most recent appointments are Dr. Urs Buehlman in Wood Products Processing and Dr. Gary Bull in Forest Resources Management. Faculty searches are currently underway for new appointments in Forest Recreation and in Wood Composites. Undergraduate enrolments have increased steadily over the past five years as the full Natural Resources Conservation and the Wood Products Processing programs were taught. We expect undergraduate enrolments to be maintained at around the 620 level. In 1998/99 women comprised 38 per cent of the undergraduate enrolment. Self-reported First Nations students totalled 17 representing 13 nations. More than 50 per cent of these students are women. Forestry took over the administrative responsibility for the First Nations Professional Science Access Program. After a detailed review of the program, it was decided that, in the absence of further provincial funding, it would not continue. A valuable set of guidelines was developed that will enable us to pursue alternative access routes to university programs by developing laddering opportunities from regional colleges. In this past year, 19 Forestry students were on international exchanges in 16 countries, and 27 students were visiting UBC. Forestry students are also undertaking work internships in six countries. UBC Forestry is now a member of a European Union-Canada student mobility program " H u m a n Dimensions in 21s' Century Forestry" that will involve full session undergraduate student exchanges as well as providing an opportunity for graduate students to participate in a short-term intensive field course. After extensive deliberations on faculty organisation last year, our departmental structure was retained. A series of program directors and advisors have been identified to ensure that each of our five undergraduate programs has a faculty member who is responsible for maintaining an overview of program development and who can also be a contact person for the students. Graduate student enrolment has been sustained at a little over 200. Of the 81 Ph.D. students, 21 per cent are women while 38 per cent of the Masters students are women. We have 26 countries represented by our 69 international graduate students. Financial support for forestry research by Forest Renewal BC has declined as a direct result of their cancellation of the competition for new research grants. In addition there have been reductions in financial support from the Ministry of Forests and the Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks as a result of greatly reduced provincial support. We did, however, receive $751,000 in new funding from the Canada Foundation for Innovation which was matched in part by $340,000 from the B.C. Knowledge Development Fund. These awards will greatly enhance our infrastructure for 'he Genetic Data Centre, the Centre of Excellence in computer-aided decision support, the Advanced Wood Processing Systems Laboratory, and the aquatic-terrestrial ecosystem research project at our Malcolm Knapp Research Forest in Maple Ridge. We have continued to strengthen our relationships with donor and alumni giving through the Development Office. Tara MacKenzie, who has worked tirelessly on our behalf, has recently been promoted and we welcome Doug Nelson to this important role of maintaining the linkages with our private sector donors. Last year Forestry received $853,000 in support of awards, the Forest Sciences Centre and forestry initiatives. This year also saw the following highlights: • The first graduates from the Wood Products Processing program. The occasion was celebrated in conjunction with the grand opening of the new premises for the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing. • Wood Products Processing students received co-op placements in primary and secondary wood processing firms across Canada. 2 UBC Faculty of Forestry • Over 75 people attended a Peter Wall interdisciplinary workshop on the topic of "Linking Sustainability to Aesthetics: Do People Prefer Sustainable Landscapes?" Abstracts of the papers from this workshop are available on our web site. • Our professional programs in Forest Resources Management and Forest Operations were reviewed by the Canadian Forestry Accreditation Board. • Grants from the UBC Teaching and Learning Enhancement Fund totalling $76,047 were received for a variety of projects to improve the learning environment in the Faculty. The Silviculture Institute of British Columbia and the Institute of Forest Engineering of British Columbia amalgamated to form the new Silviculture and Forest Engineering Institute of British Columbia (SFEIBC). SFEIBC offers graduate Diplomas in Forestry and in Forest Engineering as well as a Technical Module program in Advanced Silviculture for forest technologists and technicians. The Natural Resources Conservation undergraduate program was awarded the Alfred Scow Award for exceptional contributions to the student experience and learning environment at UBC. The program was lauded for demonstrated consideration for the broad range of student needs, its openness and flexibility. The program has been enhanced by grants from the Teaching, Learning and Enhancement Fund which have been used to develop a web site on which possible summer positions are posted along with student resumes. The most recent addition to this site is a listing of positions where students can volunteer to gain experience in conservation related activities. Students are responsible for searching out the information to include on this site and for maintaining its currency. The site can be reached from Forestry's home page. Our director of the Research Forests for the past five years, Peter Sanders, has retired after more than 25 years of service to the Malcolm Knapp Research Forest. In addition to his director role he was also manager of the M K R F for the past five years. Our new director is Ken Day. Ken will retain his role as manager of the Alex Fraser Research Forest in Williams Lake as well as helping us create a non-profit society that will uplift a special use permit from the Ministry of Forests for the Aleza Lake Research Forest in Prince George which will be jointly managed with the University of Northern British Columbia. We will continue to develop our research and teaching capabilities so we can fully participate in the academic plan developed in support of TREK 2000. Some of the specific activities will include: • Ensuring the completion of outstanding items for the commissioning of the Forest Sciences Centre. • Completing revisions of the B.S.F. program which have been in development for more than • Identifying and recruiting faculty for the Wood Products Processing program and developing strategy for Canada-wide recruitment. • Delivering the component courses of the planned Fibre and Wood, Research and Education in Science and Technology (FAWREST) graduate, non-thesis program. The search for a new dean is underway and we hope that the appointment will be made by year's end. With our full complement of faculty we look forward to developing the Faculty's teaching and research capabilities and strengthening our interdisciplinary interactions with other units on campus. We also look towards greater provincial, national and international participation so that the global position of British Colnmhia forestry is better understood by both those who manage our extensive public resources and those who express opinions on the way we should manage our forests. I thank all those who have supported the Faculty of Forestry over this past year and would be happy to receive any advice that would improve the way we steward the resources entrusted to us. Flans for 1999/2000 three years. John A. McLean Acting Dean, Faculty of Forestry 1998 Annual Report 3 UNDER- GRADUATE STUDENTS PROGRAMS OF STUDY MARSHALL, Peter B.Sc.F., M.Sc.F., Ph.D., R.P.F. Associate Dean, Undergraduate Studies Phone: (604)822-4918 E-mail: marshail@interchg.ubc.ca ELLIS, Simon B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D., F.I.W.Sc. Director & Advisor, Wood Products Processing Program Phone: (604)822-3551 E-mail: sellis@interchg.ubc.ca FELLER, Michael C. B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D., R.P.Bio. Director & Advisor, Natural Resources Conservation Program Phone: (604)822-3729 E-mail: feller@interchg.ubc.ca TAIT, David E.N. B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Director, Professional Forestry Programs Phone: (604)822-2997 E-mail: dtait@interchg.ubc.ca THE Faculty of Forestry offers four-year degree programs in the following five areas: • Fores t R e s o u r c e s M a n a g e m e n t - B . S . F . This major focuses on the multidisciplinary aspects of forest resources biology and manage- ment of forested ecosystems for such products as timber, grazing, wildlife, recreation, aesthetics, fish and water. Students learn about the unique characteristics of each resource, their inter- actions, and the manipulation of forests to yield a variety of desirable products in the context of social and economic environments. The program prepares graduates for responsible careers in forest management as professional foresters. • F o r e s t O p e r a t i o n s - B.S.F. This major prepares the graduate for profes- sional forestry responsibilities, with an emphasis on planning, design and administration of forest harvesting operations. Areas of study include: design and construction of forest roads and drainage structures; selection, planning and supervision of logging systems; site protection and rehabilitation; and the development of computer applications for harvesting systems. • F o r e s t S c i e n c e - B.Sc. (Forestry) This degree is for students interested in more specialized study of the scientific principles related to the growth, development, and ecology of forest species. Emphasis is placed on basic and interactional phenomena that influence the establishment, growth, and development of trees and other forest resources. The core subjects include genetics, soils, weather and climate, tree form, tree function, ecology, entomology, pathology, silvics, silviculture, and fire science. • Wood Products Processing B.Sc. (Wood Products Processing) This program provides students with a broad knowledge of the wood products industry, including wood manufacturing, business manage- ment, and marketing. State-of-the-art wood processing equipment used during laboratory exercises enables students to develop skills in technical processes and operations carried out in today's industry. Students may chose an area of concentration in business, primary processing, product development, or wood building and design. In addition, qualified fourth year students may opt for a minor in Commerce. Graduates develop strong teamwork, leadership, and communication skills. An extensive five-year co-operative option is available. • Natural Resources Conservation B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservation) This multidisciplinary program provides students with a solid foundation in the natural and social sciences underlying management and conserva- tion of natural resources, as well as an apprecia- tion for the political and socioeconomic contexts which affect conservation strategies. Students develop a working knowledge of the tools and quantitative techniques used by resource plan- ners. A notable feature of the program is 'he Integrated Field School offered in the fourth year which features integrated field and classroom instruction throughout the fall term. PROGRAM UPDATES IN 1998-99 • Wood Products Processing program proudly announced its first graduating class. All graduates have been offered jobs in the industry. • The Natural Resources Conservation program advisory committee has established the Clark S. Binkley award to recognize undergraduate students who devote exceptional energy to enhancing the program. • Five students admitted into the new Interna- tional Forestry specialization. • In consultation with the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of B.C., a course syllabus has been developed which can be integrated with the Forest Operations major. Students may now become eligible for registration in B.C. as professional engineers (P.Eng.). • Natural Resources Conservation Career Services web site created and maintained by students in the Natural Resources Conserva- tion program (www.forestry.ubc.ca/programs/ webcontent/conspg.html). • Natural Resources Conservation program received Alfred Scow Award for exceptional contributions or improvements to student experience and learning environment at UBC for an undergraduate program or department. PLANS FOR 1999-00 • Submit to UBC Senate the proposed revisions to the Forest Resources Management program. • Increase enrolment in the Wood Products Processing program. • Makes changes to Natural Resources Conser- vation courses in response to student input. 4 UBC Faculty of Forestry Helen Samson Coordinator Student Services • Forestry Undergraduate Recruiting Student Services in the Faculty of Forestry is a team of professionals working to recruit students from a broad range of backgrounds, across B.C. and Canada. We visit career fairs, high schools, colleges and universities on a rotational basis to reach potential students. We also talk witli principals, guidance counsellors, advisors and teachers to ensure that they are familiar with our programs of study, entrance requirements and transfer credits. Our office produces and supplies schools and community organizations with infor- mational material for distribution to potential students. We also work closely with the UBC Student Recruitment Office in campus-wide new student initiatives, as well as out-of-province recruiting activities. • New Student Enrolment In total, 156 new students entered the Faculty this year, down slightly from previous years. The numbers entering into the different years are tabulated below. New students entering the Faculty - 1998/99 Year of study Number of new students entering 1 87 2 63 3 6 Total 156 The B.S.F. degree programs (Forest Resources Management and Forest Operations) continue to be the most popular with new students. The chart below illustrates degree choices of new students in 1998/99. B.Sc. (Forestry) 3.8% B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservation) 19.8% B.Sc. (Wood Products Processing) 16% Degree programs entered by new students 1998/99 • Total Enrolment Undergraduate enrolment was maintained at a high level for the 98/99 session (see graph below) with a record 627 students (plus 27 visiting and exchange students). Number of Students Total enrolment and new enrolment 1990/91 -1998/99 The following graph shows the distribution of undergraduate students by year of study. Number of Students 250 -i 168 / 165 / / 137 / 0 J——i—E —i—c —i—c —r 1 2 3 4 Year of Study Enrolment by year of study - 1998/99 The largest number ol undergraduate students were enrolled in the Forest Resources Management program. The following table provides a breakdown: Distribution of students by program - 1998/99 Program Number enrolled % of total Forest Resources Management 289 46.1 Forest Operations 78 12.4 Forest Science 30 4.8 Wood Products Processing 85 13.6 Natural Resources Conservation 123 19.6 Undeclared (first year students) 22 3.5 Total 627 100% Female students represented 38 per cent of the total enrolment. Self-declared First Nations students comprised 2 per cent of undergraduate students. RECRUITMENT AND ENROLMENT Undergraduate Students SAMSON, Helen B.Sc. Coordinator, Student Services & Advisor, Forest Resources Management Phone: (604)822-3547 E-mail: helens@interchg.ubc.ca MaclVOR, Madeleine B.Ed., M.A. Coordinator, First Nations Forestry Programs Phone: (604) 822-0651 E-mail: macivor@interchg.ubc.ca McKELLAR, Sandy B.Sc. Recruitment Officer, Wood Products Processing Program Phone: (604)822-1834 E-mail: sandymr®interchg ubc ca SCHINNERL, Sandra B.Comm. Associate Director, International Forestry Programs Phone: (604)822-9627 E-mail: sandra@interchg.ubc.ca 1998 Annual Report 5 FIRST YEAR STUDENTS THIRD YEAR STUDENTS AWARDS Undergraduate Students Anderson, T.C. Chisholm, HRM1, Out Bintner, Eli, G. Steneker Brace. J.E. Weldwood Danforth, H.L. Banks. Out Gough, A.D. Banks, Out Kluczny, B.C. Out, Splan Mee, J.A. Chisholm, HRM1, Out Paniec, K.A. White Price, S.P Banks Schulz, R.J Banks, Out, Splan Stanger, N.R. Banks Treat, A G. Banks Werner, J.R. Banks White, S. Out Willems, J.L. Banks SECOND YEAR STUDENTS Anderson, A.E. Northwood Aven, N.W. Splan Biggin-Pound, S.A. Steneker Blomfield, H.D. Soderman, Splan, UBC Burnes, S.R. Splan. Steneker Cockle, K.L. Chisholm. Entrance, HRM1, Steneker Deslauriers, L.P. Brock Erlendson, J.L. Machinery, Out. Splan Fillion, K.C. Berthier, MB Flintoff, E D. Brock Forbes, L. Brock, Gage, Soderman, Splan, UBC Gierc, N.J. UBC Gilbert, B.D. GTSE, Siddoo Gooding, N.D. UBC, Weldwood Hales, S.M. Splan Lam, J.L.T. UBC Laubman, R.C. Brock Le Couteur, A.C. Banks. Brock. Little, MB, Out Louie, K.C. Brock, Splan Luisser, F.S. Hindmarch McGladdery, W.T. HRM1, Splan, UBC Mills, T.J. Splan Murphy, N.F. Brock Ogasawara, J.T. Binkley Reed, R.M. Siddoo, UBC Reedman, D M. Banks, Out, Splan Smith, E.D. Banks, Soderman Sollberger, E.A. Banks Stavness, C.L. Out, Splan Wunderlick, A.W. Banks. Out Auld, G.S. Backman2. Splan. UBC Bloemhard, M.N. Steneker Burke, M P. Wellwood Caskey, J.R. Weldwood Chessor, L.C. Soderman Errington, R.C. Backman2, Elkington, Entrance Gabert, J.R. Soderman Haddock, R.L. Out, Splan Hansen, S.P. Splan Harsch, S.K. Banks II ay ward, A.J. Out, Johnson, Craig. Chisholm Hikisch, C.M. Beaty, English. R.E. Mills Kerr, D.L. Splan, GTSE Lefebvre, N. Splan Leo, J.Y.H. Splan Meiklem, E.D. Steiner Mitchell, S.A. Brock Muter, D.M.R. Soderman Newton, J.A. Splan Ng, C.S-M. Out, Soderman Nichols, P.J. Soderman Payne, L.D. Soderman Plautz, A.M. Soderman Sear, M. Northwood. Timberline, UBC Swanson, C.M. Knapp Thompson, C.W. UBC, Splan Turner, J.S. Banks Wild, J.A. Backman', Splan, UBC Wong, A.Y. J.R. Mills, Alumni FOURTH YEAR STUDENTS Affleck, D. Honours, HRM Collins, B. CIF Medal Comey, R. Honours Deith, L. Honours, HRM Friesen, C. Honours Knight, S. ABCPF Matthes, G. ABCPF Watt, G. Honours Full Name of Award ABCPF 1 Best Graduat ing Essay. A B C P F 2 Best Graduat ing Thesis. U B C Forestry Alumni Division Backman 1 Schol. in Nat. Resour. Con. Backman 2 Schol. in For. Resour. Mgint. Charles & Jane Banks Schol John D. Beaty Memorial Schol. Pierre Berthier Ed. Abroad Schol. Emily & Francis Binkley Schol. Hugh M. Brock Ed. Abroad Schol. Canad ian Institute of Forestry Medal. Hugh R.D. Chisholm Schol in Forestry Robert J. Craig Memorial Schol. Gait Elkington Memorial Schol. Entrance (renewal) Schol. Walter H. Gage & Elsie M. Harvey Ed. Abroad Schol. Group of Ten Student Exch. Schol. Bob Hindmarch Award. Honours Standing. I I .R. MacMil lan 1 Schol. in Forestry. U.K. MacMil lan 2 Prize in Forestry. H.R. MacMi l lan 1 Prize in For. Harv. Ted Johnson Schol. in Forestry. Malcolm Knapp Spring C a m p Prize. David Bell Little Memorial Schol. Machinery & Supply Companies Group Forestry Schol. MacMil lan Bloedel Schol. for Forestry. Ja ines Russell Mil ls Memorial Award. Robert E. Mills Memorial Award. Northwood Pulp and T imber Limited. O u t s t a n d i n g Student Initiative Schol. Kapoor Singh S iddoo Schol . Oscar S o d e r m a n Memoria l Schol. Paul R. Ste iner Memorial Schol . in Wood Daniel J. Steneker Ed. Abroad Schol. Will iam John Splan Schol. in Forestry. Timberl ine Schol. University of B C Schol. W e l d w o o d Schol. in Forestry. Mary & Robert Wel lwood Memoria l Schol. in Wood Sci. & Ind. Harold Anderson White Schol . 6 UBC Faculty of Forestry Degrees Conferred , M a y 1998 and N o v e m b e r 1998 Congregat ions • B .S .F . Forest Resources Management Aldridgc, R.W. Anderson, A.D. Armour, C.A. Balbirnie, W.A. Benner, J.F. Bjarnson, K. Brandli, P. Butcher, M L. Callison, D.A. Cedervind, H. Code, C.E. Cole, T.A. Crowe, K.A. Dahle, K.M. Deas-Dawlish, R.W. Denis, C.E. Dodge, T. Dresen, M.D. Engelbertink, R. Fraser, J.M. Friesen, C.D. Fulton, G. Gardner, K.E. Harris, P. Hart, R.M. Hartley, I.D.M. Harvey, C.A. Hassard, E.G. Hogan, M.D. Hyndman, J.D. Inwood, B.G. Jacques, G.D. Janssen, B.G. Jeffreys, T. Kazakoff, W.R. Kearns, S.M. Marcoux, D. Marcus, B.E. McKay, R.J. Nomura, A T. Nordquist, D. Parker, B.T. Parmar, S. Petryk, A.L. Puis, L.J. Rcmple, V.P. Schulz, J.D. Sellgren, M.J. Shook, M.M.R. Snow, C.M. Soluri. J. Stewart, J.C. Strobel, L.C. Talarico, T.J. Tan, V.C.C. Telford, B. Thimer, M. Turner, R.K. Upward, D.A. Vanderstarre, L.R. Verschoor, P.G. Walker, C. Watson, W.J. Watt, G.N. Weber, Q.C.S. Wenman, C.P. West, J.E. West, K.L. Wilson, B.A. Wilson, C. Wong, I. • B.S.F. F orest Operations Comey, R.J. Deith, L.K. Foster, M.J. Knight, S.M. Landers, M.T. Szeman, J.A. Zimmermann, J.L. • B.Sc. (Forestry) Forest Science Affleck, D.L.R. Collins, D.B. Coulthard, M.J. Gelok, E.Y. Krakowski, J. MacDonald, P A. Matthes, G.W. Mortimer, M.A. Ota, Y. Ronalds, P.C. Terry, A.N. To, J.H. • B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservat ion) Bawa, M. Beardsmore, C.T. Buller, M.S. Bullock, C.L. Croft, C.D. Erickson, K.D. Ford, B.J. Forsyth, J.P. Frolek, J.L. Hunter, D.J. Kovics, E.M. Kreiger, K.J. Mayhew, M.H. Moody, R. Mui, K.L. Scott, R.E. Tain, K.K.Y. Tobler, P. Wagenaar, J. Watkinson, S.J. White, D. Wise, H.J. Young, D.C. • B.Sc. (Forestry) Wood Science & Industry Aliverdi, P. Eng, W.D. Ho, J.K.H. Scarborough, D.W. Tang, D.F. Thiara, P.S. Yakura, A.L.S. • Diploma in Forestry (Advanced Silviculture) Beaudry, E.J. Curtis, S.D. Forrester, C. Gibson, C. Hoskin, B. MacDougall. G. Makitalo, A. Mitchell, R.D. Oberik, T.M. Peel, K. Perdue, D.J. Sunderland, J. Szauer, T.A. Thorpe, S.J. Todd, G.C. Number of Graduates 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 1985 1 986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1 993 1 994 1 9 9 5 1996 1997 1998 Number of students graduating 1985 - 1998 GRADUATION STATISTICS Undergraduate Students 1998 Annual Report 7 GRADUATE STUDENTS • Graduate Programs The Faculty of Forestry offers four graduate degrees: • Doctor of Philosophy - Ph.D. • Master of Forestry - M.F. • Master of Science - M.Sc. • Master of Applied Science - M.A.Sc. Enrolment Trends ENROLMENT STATISTICS Enrolment in the Forestry graduate program has grown by 69 per cent over the past decade. Today there are 206 graduate students registered in the Faculty. The graph below illustrates the distribution of these students between the different degree programs. The greatest growth has been in the number of Doctoral students - in 1987 there were only 45 enrolled in the program, whereas today there are 81 students. In this same period the number of Masters students has risen from 77 to 125. Number of Graduate Students 220 200 180 160 CHANWAY, C.P. B.Sc., B.S.Agr., M.Sc., Ph.D. 140 Associate Dean, Graduate Studies 120 Phone: (604)822-3716 Fax: (604)822-8645 100 E-mail: cchanway@interchg.ubc.ca 80 60 VOGLER, Hiltrud M. Graduate Secretary 40 Phone: (604)822-6177 20 Fax: (604) 822-8645 E-mail: gradfor@interchg.ubc.ca 0 87/88 89/90 91/92 93/94 95/96 97/98 88/89 90/91 92/93 94/95 96/97 98/99 Masters Ph.D. Total • Graduate student enrolment 1987/88 -1998/99 Women comprise 38 per cent of our Masters and 21 per cent of our Doctoral students, for an overall average of 31 per cent. The following table shows enrolment data for 1998/99. Graduate student enrolment 1998/99 Degree Male Female Total Ph.D. 64 17 81 M.F. l() 1 1 1 M.Sc. 65 46 11 1 M.A.Sc. 3 0 3 Total 142 64 206 As of October, 1998. The proportion of graduate students from outside of Canada has remained fairly constant over the past few years and presently stands at 49 per cent of Doctoral and 23 per cent of Masters students. A total of 26 countries arc represented in the graduate student body. • Graduate Student Funding In the 1998/99 academic year, Forestry graduate students were awarded support totalling $2,146,751, a slight increase over 1997/98 funding levels. This consisted of $462,600 in scholarship funding, $314,006 in graduate teaching assistantships and $1,370,145 in graduate research assistantships (provided by research supervisors from their research grants). Graduate student enrolment and funding 1998/99 Department No. graduate students Total funding Forest Resources Management 63 $484,125 Forest Sciences 101 $1,142,539 Wood Science 42 $520,087 8 UBC Faculty of Forestry M A S T E R S S T U D E N T S Affleck, David UGF Kovacs, Christina MacMillan Baleshta, Karen GREAT Lessard, Robert Hanson, McPhee Bortolot, Zachary VanDusen MacKillop, Debra NSERC Boss, Shelly Macaree Melles, Stephanie Hoffmeister Boyland, Marc- NSERC Melody, Jill VanDusen Brescia, David GREAT Nairn, James GREAT Csom, Gyongyver Lumber, McPhee Paczek, Susan NSERC Dettman, Jeremy Buckland, McPhee Perreault, Pamela Koerner Fernandez, Marc NSERC Industrial Pritchard, Emily UGF Fleet, Carlos GREAT Robinson, Jamie GREAT Goodinson, Clive Allen, McPhee Stankovich, Larisa McPhee Haag, Devon GREAT, NSERC Stonewall, Adam McPhee Hoffman, Bradford GREAT Su, Weiben Heller, McPhee Kim, Agi McPhee Vera, Paula Namkoong Kim, Hyeon Jeong McPhee D O C T O R A L S T U D E N T S Albani, Marco Chisholm, UGF Mahong, Nancy NSERC Bennett, Jennifer NSERC McCarthy, John Cochran, McPhee Bennuah, Sampson Commonwealth McDermott, Connie VanDusen Clouston, Peggi-Lynn Weyerhaeuser Mtiraoui, Ahmed McPhee D'Eon, Robert Canfor, NSERC O'Connell, Lisa NSERC Garcia, Pablo UGF Ramsfield, Tod GREAT Harrison, Scott UGF Ratkovic, Nevena Bassett He, Ming McPhee Soong, Jwo-Jy McPhee Heinzelman, Frank McPhee Suratman, Nazip Commonwealth Hope, Sharon VanDusen Wang, Honglong UGF Ivkovich, Milosh VanDusen Weber, Adrian GREAT, NSERC Kinyua, Patric CIDA Young, Kyle McPhee Kull, Bob McPhee SCHOLARSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS Graduate Students Full Name of Award George S. Allen Memorial Scholarship. Edward W. Bassett Memorial Scholarship in Reforestation. Don Kuckland Memorial Scholarship in Forest Pathology. Canadian Forest Products Ltd. Fellowship in Forest Wildlile Management. Canadian International Development Agency Scholarship. Hugh Robert Duncan Chisholm Scholarship in Forestry. Ralph M. and Elizabeth E. Cochran Scholarship. Commonwealth Scholarship. Graduate Research Engineering And Technology Awards. Brenda Hanson Memorial Scholarship in Forestry. Paul Heller Fellowship. Bert Hoffmeister Scholarship in Forest Wildlife. Michael and Sonja Koerner First Nations Fellowship Lumber Inspectors' Benevolent Society Scholarship. Mary and David Macaree Fellowship in Sustainable Agricultural or Forest Resource Ecosystems. MacMillan Bloedel Limited Fellowship in Forest Mensuration. Donald S. McPhee Fellowship. Namkoong Family Fellowship in Forest Sciences. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Scholarship. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Industrial Postgraduate Scholarship. University Graduate Fellowship. VanDusen Graduate Fellowship. Weyerhaeuser Fellowship in Wood Design Management. 1998 Annual Report 9 Degrees Conferred , M a y 1998 and N o v e m b e r 1998 Congregat ions DEGREES GRANTED Graduate Students M . F . DAY, Kenneth Dr. G.F. Weetman Selection management of interior Douglas-fir for mule deer winter range. DUREPOS, Marco Dr. D.H.Cohen The technology markets and products of softwood sawmills in the Maritime provinces. LYONS, Charles Kevin Dr. J.D. Nelson Helicopter logging productivity in dispersed and aggregate partial retention systems. HAYWARD, Jeffrey Dr. G. Baskerville Evaluating North American certifiers of forest management: Professional perspectives on forestry assessments. LEONE, Robert Dr. C. Breuil The characterization and biodegradation of aspen steyl esters and waxes. LUMME, Minna Dr. J.N. Saddler The effects of hydrolytic enzyme treatments on three British Columbian interior fir kraft pulps differing in their initial fiber coarseness. M . S c . ATWOOD, Lynne Dr.F.L. Bunnell Ecology of the microbiotic crust of the antelope-brush (Purshia tridentata) Shrud steppe of the south Okanagan. British Columbia. BENOWICZ, Andy Drs. Y. El-Kassaby/R.D. Guy Genetic differences in physiological and morphological characteristics of Sitka alder populations in British Columbia. SANDERS, Rebecca Dr. P. Wood Rawlsian justice: A philosophical justification for conservation? SAVOIE, Anne Dr. D.H. Cohen Benchmarks for Quebec sawmilling. SHARP, Nyree Dr.F.L. Bunnell Bird-habitat associations and simulated effects of logging on bird habitat in the Aspen Boreal Mixedwood. SIDHU, Avtar Dr. S. C. Ellis The effect of molar ratio and pH during synthesis on the performance of phenol- melamine-formaldhyde adhesives. BULL, Jennifer Dr. C. Breuil Immunoassays for two quaternary ammo- nium compounds, benzyldimethylododecyl- ammonium chlorid (BDD12AC) and didecyldimethylammonium chlorid (DDAC). CHOW, Gordon Dr. T. Maness A comparison of twenty simulated strategies for achieving maximum parts value recovery (or profit) in chop saw operations. WANG, Jianhe Dr. F. Lam Nondestructive evaluation of veneer quality based on acoustic wave measurements. XU, Ping Dr. V. El-Kassaby Long-term growth responses in Sitka spruce populations to geoclimatic changes from 1UFRO provenance trials in British Columbia. DAVRADOU, Maria Dr. G. Namkoong Western ethical theories and their implica- tions for the preservation of species at risk. FUCHS, Marilyn Dr. P.L. Marshall Seedling ecology of garry oaks in British Columbia and dispersal of garry oak acorns by Steller's jays. 10 UBC Faculty of Forestry Ph.D. COATES, Kenneth D. Dr. G.F. Weetman Tree species response to gap formation in partially-cut interior cedar - hemlock forest of northwestern British Columbia. KINYUA, Patrick I.D. Dr. G.F. Weetman Game ranching in Machakos District, Kenya: An application of mathematical programming to the study of wildlife policy. KISHCHUK, Barbara E. Dr. G.F. Weetman Sulphur availability on interior lodgepole pine sites. MAILLY, Daniel Dr. J. P. Kimmins Influence of the disturbance regime on forestry succession in the Coastal Western Hemlock Drier Maritime Subzone, British Columbia. MANSFIELD, Shawn Dr. J.N. Saddler Enzymatic modification of Douglas-fir pulp. NEMETO, Akihiko Dr. D. Haley Changes in aboriginal property rights: A chronological account of land use practices in the Lil 'Wat Nation. SINGH, Ramvir Dr. D. Haley Evolution of forest tenures in India: Implica- tions for sustainable forest management. WANG, Sen Dr. G.C. van Kooten Contractual structure in British Columbia's silviculture sector: A transaction cost economic analysis. ZHONG, Anliang Dr. J. P. Kimmins Efficacy of secondary biosolids fertilization in a managed Douglas-fir forest in the coastal western hemlock zone in British Columbia. DEGREES GRANTED Graduate Students 1998 Annual Report 11 OFFICE OF THE DEAN M c L E A N , John A. B.Sc., M.Sc. (Auckland), Ph.D. (S. Fraser), F.R.E.S., R.P.Bio. Acting Dean Phone: (604) 822-2467 E-mail: mclean@interchg.ubc.ca FACULTY AND STAFF B R E U I L , Collette B.Sc. (Lyon), M.Sc. (Ottawa), Ph.D. (Lyon) Associate Dean, Research Responsible for the promotion of research and for overseeing administration of all externally-sponsored research activities. Phone: (604)822-9738 E-mail: breuil@interchg.ubc.ca Phone: (604)822-2727 Fax: (604)822-8645 E-mail: forrecep@interchg.ubc.ca C H A N W A Y , Christopher P. B.Sc. (Winn.), B.S.Ag. (Manit.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) Associate Dean, Graduate Studies Responsible for administering all aspects of Forestry graduate programs. Phone: (604)822-3716 E-mail: cchanway@interchg.ubc.ca M A R S H A L L , Peter B.Sc.F., M.Sc.F. (Tor.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. Associate Dean, Undergraduate Studies Responsible for administering undergraduate academic programs, including curriculum and calendar changes, admissions, transfers and advancements, discipline and teaching evaluations. Phone: (604)822-4918 E-mail: marshall@interchg.ubc.ca W A T T S , Susan B. B.Sc. (N. Wales), M.F., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.). R.P.F. Assistant Dean, External Relations Responsible for directing external relations activities, for promoting research, for coordinating project proposal development and for producing Faculty Newsletters and Annual Reports. Phone: (604)822-6316 E-mail: suwatts@interchg.ubc.ca 12 UBC Faculty of Forestry M a c I V O R , Madele ine B.Ed., M.A. (Brit. Col.) Phone: (604) 822-0651 E-mail: macivor@interchg.ubc.ca Coordinator First Nations Forestry Programs M c K E L L A R , Sandy B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Phone: (604)822-1834 E-mail: sandymc@interchg.ubc.ca N E L S O N , Douglas B.A. (Calg.) Phone: ( 604 )822 -8716 E-mail: doug.nelson@ubc.ca S A M S O N , Helen B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Phone: (604) 822-3547 E-mail: helcns@interchg.ubc.ca S C H I N N E R L , Sandra B.Comm. (Brit. Col.) Phone: (604) 822-9627 E-mail: sandra@interchg.ubc.ca Recruitment Officer Wood Products Processing Program Development Officer Coordinator Student Services Associate Director International Forestry Programs FACULTY AND STAFF A L I V O J V O D I C , Barbara Administrator Phone: (604) 822-5542 E-mail: alivoj@interchg.ubc.ca A T K I N S O N , W e n d y B.A. (Hons.) (Vic., BC) Secretary Phone: ( 604 )822 -2176 E-mail: atkinso@interchg.ubc.ca B E R G , A n o n d a B.A. (Brit. Col.) Undergraduate Programs Secretary Phone: (604) 822-2727 E-mail: forrecep@interchg.ubc.ca BOE, Thor B.A. (Tor.) Systems Coordinator Phone: (604) 822-6793 E-mail: thorboe@interchg.ubc.ca H A R T S O N , D o n n a Secretary to the Dean Phone: (604) 822-3542 E-mail: hartson@interchg.ubc.ca P A L I C H U K , Susan Administrative Clerk Phone: ( 604 )822 -4312 E-mail: susanpal@interchg.ubc.ca Q U A Y , Patsy Editorial Assistant Phone: (604) 822-4072 E-mail: quay@interchg.ubc.ca T U R N E R , Ron B.A. (Brit. Col.) Systems Manager Phone: (604)822-0773 E-mail: turner@interchg.ubc.ca V O G L E R , Hiltrud M. Graduate Programs Secretary Phone: (604) 822-6177 E-mail: gradfor@interchg.ubc.ca 1998 Annual Report 13 FOREST SCIENCES DEPARTMENT John McLean Bart van der Kamp Head Yousry El-Kassaby Scott Hinch Steve Mitchell Laura Nagel Fred Bunnell Susan Glenn Gene Namkoong Sally Aitken Michael Feller J.P. (Hamish) Kimmins Cindy Prescott Chris Chanway Robert Guy Kathy Martin Karel Klinka Susan Watts Gordon Weetman John Worrall i m John Richardson Kermit Ritland FOREST SCIENCES DEPARTMENT VAN DER KAMP, Bart J. Professor and Head • Forest Pathology B.S.F. (1964) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1967) Aberd. Phone: (604) 822-2728' E-mail: vdkamp@interchg.ubc.ca GUY, Robert D. Associate Professor • Plant Physiology B.Sc. (1977), Ph.D.'(1984) Calg. Phone: (604) 822-6023 E-mail: guy@interchg.ubc.ca AITKEN, Sally N. Assistant Professor and Jr. NSERC/Industrial Research Chair in Population Genetics • Genecology and Physiological Genetics B.S.F. (Hons.) (1984) Brit. Col., M.Sc. (1986), Ph.D. (1989) Berkeley Phone: (604) 822-6020 E-mail: aitken@interchg.ubc.ca HINCH, Scott G. Assistant Professor (Forest Sciences, Institute for Resources and Environment) • Aquatic Ecology and Fish Conservation B.Sc. (Hons.) (1985), M.Sc. (1987) W. Ont., Ph.D. (1992) Tor. Phone: (604) 822-9377 E-mail: shinch@interchg.ubc.ca BUNNELL, Fred L. Professor and Director. Centre for Applied Conservation Biology • Wildlife Population Dynamics, Influences of Forestry Practices on Wildlife B.S.F. (Hons.) (1965) Brit. Col.. Ph.D. (1973) Berkeley, R.P.Bio. Phone: (604) 822-5928 E-mail: lbunnell@interchg.ubc.ca CHANWAY, Christopher P. Associate Professor and Associate Dean (Forest Sciences, Agricultural Sciences) • Soil Microbiology B.Sc. (1978) Winn., B.S. Ag. (1980) Manit., M.Sc. (1983), Ph.D. (1987) Brit. Col. Phone: (604)822-3716 E-mail: cchanway@interchg.ubc.ca EL-KASSABY, Yousry Professor (PRT Management Inc.) • Quantitative Genetics B.Sc. (1970) Alexandra, M.Sc. (1976) Tanta, Ph.D. (1980) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-1821 E-mail: yelkassaby@prtgroup.com FELLER, Michael C. Associate Professor and Director/Advisor, Natural Resources Conservation Program • Fire Science and Water Quality B.Sc. (Hons.) (1968), M.Sc. (1969) Melb., Ph.D. (1975) Brit. Col . R P Bio. Phone: (604) 822-3729 E-mail: teller® interchg.ubc.ca GLENN, Susan M. Assistant Professor • Conservation Biology and Landscape Ecology B.Sc. (1983) Tor., M.Sc.'(1985) Guelph, Ph.D. (1990) Oklahoma Phone: (604) 822-4131 E-mail: sglenn@interchg.ubc.ca KIMMINS, J.P. (Hamish) Professor • Forest Ecology, Sustainability of Managed Forests, Modelling Forest Ecosystems B.Sc. (1964) N. Wales, M.Sc. (1966) Berkeley, M. Phil. (1968), Ph.D. (1970) Yale, R.P.F. (Hon.) Phone: (604) 822-3549 E-mail: kimmins@interchg.ubc.ca KLINKA, Karel Professor • Forest Ecology, Si Ivies For. Eng. (1960) Prague, Ph.D. (1976) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-3047 E-mail: klinka@interchg.ubc.ca MARTIN, Kathy M. Professor (Canadian Wildlife Service) • Avian Ecology and Conservation in Forest, Grassland and Alpine Ecosystems B.Sc. (1970) Prince Edward Is., M.Sc. (1973) Alta., Ph.D. (1985) Qu. Phone: (604) 822-9695 E-mail: kmartin@inlerchg.ubc.ca MeLEAN, John A. Professor and Acting Dean • Forest Entomology B.Sc. (1965), M.Sc. (1968) Auckland, Ph.D. (1976) S. Fraser, F.R.E.S., R.P.Bio. Phone: (604) 822-3360 E-mail: mclean@interchg.ubc.ca MITCHELL, Steve Instructor II • Silviculture B.S.F. (1987) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604)822-4591 E-mail: smitchel@interchg.ubc.ca FACULTY AND STAFF Dept. Phone: (604) 822-2507 Dept. Fax: (604) 822-9102 1998 Annual Report 15 FACULTY AND STAFF Forest Sciences Department NAGEL, Laura Instructor I • Conservation Biology B.Sc. (1989) Tor., M.Sc. (1994) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-4987 E-mail: lnagel@interchg.ubc.ca NAMKOONG, Gene Professor • Population and Quantitative Genetics B.S. (1956), M.S. (1958) SUNY, Ph.D. (1963) N. Carolina State Univ., Dhe (Swedish Agric. Univ.) Phone: (604) 822-8275 E-mail: gene@interchg.ubc.ca PRESCOTT, Cindy Assistant Professor • Forest Nutrition B.Sc.(Hons.) (1981) Brock, M.Sc. (1984), Ph.D. (1988) Calg. Phone: (604) 822-4701 E-mail: cpres@interchg.ubc.ca WORRALL, John G. Associate Professor and Advisor, Forest Science • Tree Physiology, Tree Growth Mechanisms and Climatic Influence B.Sc. (1959) Durham. B.S.F. (1963) Brit. Col., M.F. (1964), M. Phil. (1967), Ph.D. (1968) Yale Phone: (604)822-3516 E-mail: worrall@interchg.ubc.ca • Sess ional Lecturers KAYAHARA, Gordon B.Sc.F. (Tor.), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Ecology McINTOSH, Rory B.Sc.F. (New Br.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Entomology RUESINK, Jennifer B.A. (Cornell), M.Phil. (Camb.), Ph.D. (Wash.) • Wildlife Ecology RICHARDSON, John S. Assistant Professor (B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands & Parks) • Stream-riparian Ecosystems B.Sc. (1979) Tor., M.Sc. (1983) Alta., Ph.D. (1989) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-6586 E-mail: jrichard@interchg.ubc.ca RITLAND, Kermit Professor and Sr. NSERC/Industrial Research Chair in Population Genetics • Population and Quantitative Genetics B.Sc. (1977) Wash., Ph.D. (1982) Calif. Phone: (604) 822-8101 E-mail: ritland@interchg.ubc.ca WATTS, Susan B. Lecturer and Assistant Dean • Forest Entomology B.Sc. (1973) N. Wales, M.F. (1976), Ph.D. (1981) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-6316 E-mail: suwatts@interchg.ubc.ca • Research Assoc iates CHAN-McLEOD, Ann C. Allaye B.S.F., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.). Ph.D. (Alaska) • Physiological Ecology CHEN, Han M.Sc. (Nanjing For. Univ.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col. • Forest Ecology and Silviculture DOBRY, Jaroslav B.Sc., Ph.D. (Prague) • Dendrochronology KOSHY, Mathew P. B.Sc., M.Sc. (Kerala), M.Sc. (Wales), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Genetics QIAN, Hong B.S., M.S. (Anhui Ag.), Ph.D. (Chinese Acad. Sci., Shenyan, China) • Plant Ecology RITLAND, Carol B.Sc., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.). • Molecular Genetics Ph.D. (Tor.) WEETMAN, Gordon F. Professor • Silviculture B.Sc.F. (1955) Tor., M.F. (1958), Ph.D. (1962) Yale, R.P.F., F. Eng. Phone: (604) 822-2504 E-mail: gweetman@interchg.ubc.ca VON EULER, Frederik B.Sc.F., Ph.D. (Swedish Ag.) • Biodiversity Patterns WANG, Tongli M.Sc., Ph.D. (Helsinki) • Forest Tree Breeding WELHAM, Clive B.Sc., M.Sc., (Manit.), Ph.D. (S. Fraser) • Biosciences 16 UBC Faculty of Forestry • H o n o r a r y Research Associates CARTER, Reid B.Sc., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. • Forest Ecology and Management OVASKA, Kristina B.Sc. (Lake.), M.Sc. (Acad.), Ph.D. (Vic., BC) • Amphibian Biology SILIM, Salim N. B.Sc. (Makerere), M.Sc.F. (New Br.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Tree Physiology • Post -doctoral Fe l lows CARCAMO, Hector A. B.Sc., M.Sc. (Alta.), Ph.D. (Calg.) • Soil Ecology CHUINE, Isabelle Dipl. in Agronomy, ENSAM, Ph.D. (Montpellier) • Evolution of Tree Phenology GIANNICO, Guillermo B.Sc. (Argentina), Ph.D. (Vic., BC), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Fish Habitat Ecology GOOD WILLIE, Carol B.Sc. (Mass.), Ph.D. (Wash.) • Evolutionary Ecology HANNERZ, Mats M.Sc.F., Lie. For. (Swedish Agric.Univ.) • Forest Ecology KRESTOV, Pavel B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Vlad) • Plant Ecology LAIHO, Raija M.Sc., Lie. Agr. For., D.Sc. (Helsinki) • Forest Nutrition Dynamics and Nutrient Cycling, Mire Ecology M A R K H A M , John B.Sc. (Guelph), B.Ed. (Dal.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Plant Microbe Interactions MARSHALL, Dawn B.Sc. (Hons.) (Nfld.), Ph.D. (Tor.) • Molecular Evolution NEVILLE, Sandra B.Sc. (Qu.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Dal.) • Forest Ecology SEELEY, Brad B.S. (Redlands), Ph.D. (Boston) • Nutrient Dynamics and Forest Hydrology VENNER, Kirsty B.Sc. (York), Ph.D. (Edin.) • Tree Nutrition, Soil Rehabilitation YOUNG, Jessica B.S. (Calif., San Diego), Ph.D. (Purdue) • Population Biology and Behavioural Ecology • Adjunct Professors ALFARO, Rene I. B.Sc. (Chile), M.Sc., Ph.D. (S. Fraser) BARKER, John E. B.Sc. (Brit. Col.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Calif.) BURTON, Philip J. B.Sc. (Sask.), M.Sc. (Hawaii), Ph.D. (Illinois) COMEAU, Philip G. B.Sc.(Vic., BC), Ph.D. (Brit. Col) DICKINSON, Thomas E. B.Sc. (Kingston), M.Sc. (Calg.), Ph.D. (Penn.) GROSSNICKLE, Steven C. B.Sc. (Illinois), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Colorado State) HENRY, Charles L. B.S., M.Sc. (Oregon State), Ph.D. (Wash.) KIFFNEY, Peter B.S. (North Carolina), M.S. (Calif.), Ph.D. (Colorado State) KLENNER, Walter B.Sc., M.Sc. (Manit.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.Bio. KLIMASZEWSKI, Jan M.Sc., Ph.D. (Wroclaw) KRANNITZ, Pamela G. B.Sc. (Guelph), M.Sc. (W. Ont.), Ph.D. (Qu.) KURZ, Werner Diplom Holzwirt (Hamburg), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) LOUSIER, J. Daniel B.Sc. (Nelson), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Calg.), R.P.Bio. MacDONALD, John S. B.Sc. (S. Fraser), Ph.D. (W. Ont.) McLELLAN, Bruce N. B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.Bio. McQUEEN, Donald J. B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) MORRISON, Duncan J. B.S.F., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Camb.) OTVOS, Imre B.Sc.F. (Sopron), M.S., Ph.D. (Berkeley) FACULTY AND STAFF Forest Sciences Department 1998 Annual Report 17 FACULTY AND STAFF Forest Sciences Department PRESTON, Caroline M. B.Sc. (McM.), M.A. (Car.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) ROCHELLE, James B.Sc., M.Sc. (Wash.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) SAFRANYIK, Laszlo B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) SPITTLEHOUSE, David L. B.Sc. (Nott.), M.Sc. (Sask.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) SULLIVAN, Thomas P. B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) SUTTON, Benjamin C. B.Sc. (Hons.) (Reading), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) WANG, Qingli B.Sc. (Shenyang Agric. Univ., PRC), M.Sc. (Northeast For. Univ., PRC), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Staff ABE, Tricia B.Sc. (Hons.) (Dal.) Research Assistant/Technican BAWA, Monica B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Scientist/Technician BLEVINS, Leandra B.S. (Worcester Polytechnic Inst.), M.S. (North Carolina) Research Scientist BUDGE, Sonya B.Sc. (Hons.) (Acad.), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technican CHOURMOUZIS, Christine B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. (Guelph) Research Scientist GRAY-MITSUMUNE, Darrin B.Sc. (New Br.) Research Assistant/Technician HORNER, Maxine Departmental Secretary KULIS, Yolanta Dipl. Env. Sci. (Capilano Coll.), M.Sc. (Wroclaw) Research Assistant/Technician LOTO, Andrew R.M.O.T. (Malaspina) Research Assistant/Technician LUNSHOF, Jeff Research Assistant/Technician NAIRN, James B.Sc. (Guelph) Research Assistant/Technician POIRIER, Lisa B.Sc. (Guelph), M.P.M., Ph.D. (S. Fraser) Research Assistant/Technician RAJ, Ben B.Eng. (India) Research Assistant/Technician RATSON, Susan Departmental Clerk SETO, Carrie B.A. (HK) Administrative Assistant STALEY, Candis Research Assistant/Technician TAN, Pauline B.S.C. (De la Salic, Philippine), C.P.A. Financial Clerk TSZE, Min Research Assistant/Technician TUYTEL, Joanne B.S.F. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technician VARGA, Pal B.S.F., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Scientist • Promot ions CH ANWAY, Christopher - promoted to professor effective July 1, 1999. HINCH, Scott - promoted to associate professor and awarded tenure effective July 1999. LEE, Eric Financial Clerk LIU, Donna C.G.A. Administrative Clerk 18 UBC Faculty of Forestry ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1998-99 PLANS FOR 1999-00 Dr. Bart van der Kamp was appointed as head of the Forest Sciences Department, replacing Dr. Gene Namkoong who ably led the Department for the past five years. The FRBC Chair in Silviculture has been filled by Dr. John Barker, starting July 1, 1999. Second FRBC Chair in Applied Conservation Biology has been filled by Dr. Peter Arcese, starling July 1. 1999. He will be involved in teaching of the fourth year course on biological diversity and forest management. The Genetic Data Centre, a lab for the collection and analysis of molecular genetic data under the direction of Dr. Carol Ritland, was moved to the Forest Sciences Centre. The first major grant to UBC from the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) was awarded to Dr. Kermit Ritland in support of the Genetic Data Centre. Together with matching funds from the B.C. Knowledge Development Fund and UBC, the Centre provided $955,000 for equipment and related infrastructure costs. The move to the new Forest Scicnces Centre brought all department members together in one building. This change has increased greatly the interaction among Department members and with graduate students. Establish an Advisory Committee chaired by Dr. Robert Guy to formulate a department strategic plan. Maintain high level of proposals to NSERC, FRBC and other funding agencies, including CFI. Appoint a half-time computer specialist to provide computer and network support to the Department. The administration services of the Centre for Applied Conservation Biology and our Department will be amalgamated in May. The Departmental Office will be reorganized in keeping with changes in work patterns. The Department together with the Inter- national Forestry Institute will organize a symposium in honour of Dr. Gene Namkoong's retirement in July 1999. ACHIEVEMENTS AND PLANS Forest Sciences Department 1998 Annual Report 19 FOREST RESOURCES MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT John Nelson Acting Head Younes Alila Timothy Ballard Dennis Bendickson Gary Bull Jonathan Fannin David Haley George Hoberg Antal Kozak Valerie LeMay Donald Luymes Peter Marshall Peter Murtha Stephen Sheppard Roy Sidle David Tait David Tindall G.C. (Casey) van Kooten Paul Wood FOREST RESOURCES MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT NELSON, John D. Associate Professor and Acting Head • Timber Supply Planning B.S.F. (1980), M.B.A. (1982) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1988) Oregon State, R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-3902 E-mail: nelson@interchg.ubc.ca ALILA, Younes Assistant Professor • Forest Engineering Hydrology B.A.Sc. (1985), M.A.Sc. (1987), Ph.D. (1994) Ottawa, P. Eng. Phone: (604) 822-6058 E-mail: alila@interchg.ubc.ca BALLARD, Timothy M. Professor (Forest Resources Management , Agricultural Sciences) • Forest Soils B.S.F. (1961), M.F. (1963), Ph.D. (1968) Wash. Phone: (604) 822-2300 E-mail: tballard@interchg.ubc.ca BENDICKSON, Dennis F. Instructor I and Advisor, Forest Operations • Forest Operations B.S.F. (1971) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-5932 E-mail: dbendick@interchg.ubc.ca BULL, Gary Assistant Professor • Forest Modelling and Forest Policy B.S.F. (1988), M.F. (1991) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1995) Tor. Phone: (604) 822-1553 E-mai 1: garybulI@interchg.ubc.ca FANNIN, R. Jonathan Associate Professor (Forest Resources Management, Civil Engineering) • Forest Engineering, Roads, Soils, Terrain Stability Assessment B.Sc.(Hons.) (1983) Belfast, Ph.D. (1987) Oxf.,P. Eng. Phone: (604) 822-3133 E-mail: jonathan.fannin@ubc.ca HALEY, David Professor • Forest Economics, Forest Policy Analysis B.Sc. (1962) Aberd., M.F. (1964), Ph.D. (1966) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-5634 E-mail: dhaley@interchg.ubc.ca HOBERG, George Associate Professor (Forest Resources Management, Political Science) • Forest Policy B.S. (1980) Berkeley, Ph.D. (1987) MIT Phone: (604) 822-3728 E-mail: hoberg@interchg.ubc.ca KOZAK, Antal Professor • Biometrics, New Methodology for Forest Inventoty B.S.F. (1959) Sopron, M.F. (1961), Ph.D. (1963) Brit. Col., D.Sc. Honoris causa (1989) Sopron Phone: (604) 822-3545 E-mail: kozak@interchg.ubc.ca LeMAY, Valerie M. Associate Professor • Biometrics/Mensuration B.Sc. (1981), M.Sc. (1982) Alta., Ph.D. (1989) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604)822-4770 E-mail: lemay@interchg.ubc.ca LUYMES, Donald Assistant Professor (Forest Resources Management, Landscape Architecture) • Landscape Design, Visual Resource Management B.L.A. (1986) Brit. Col., M.L.A. (1991) Guelph Phone: (604) 822-3459 E-mail: luymes@interchg.ubc.ca MARSHALL, Peter L. Associate Professor and Associate Dean • Growth and Yield, Sampling Design B.Sc.F. (1976), M.Sc.F. (1979) Tor., Ph.D. (1984) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604) 822-4918 E-mai 1: marshall@interchg.ubc.ca MURTHA, Peter A. Professor • Remote Sensing, Image Analysis, Satellite Data Interpretation, Land Classification and Terrain Analysis B.Sc.F. (1961) Tor., M.Sc. (1964), Ph.D. (1968) Cornell, M.C.A.S.I. Phone: (604) 822-6452 E-mail: murtha@interchg.ubc.ca SHEPPARD, Stephen R.J. Associate Professor (Forest Resources Management, Landscape Architecture) • GIS, Visual Management, Planning B.A. (1974) Oxf., M.Sc. (1976) Brit. Col., M.A. (1980) Oxf., Ph.D. (1982) Berkeley Phone: (604) 822-6582 E-mail: shep@interchg.ulx.ca SIDLE, Roy Professor and FRBC Chair in Forest Hydrology (Forest Resources Management, Geography) • Forest Hydrology B.S. (1970), M.S. (1972) Arizona, Ph.D. (1976) Penn. State Phone: (604) 822-3169 E-mail: sidle@interchg.ubc.ca FACULTY AND STAFF Dept. Phone: (604) 822-3482 Dept. Fax: (604)822-9106 1998 Annual Report 21 TAIT, David E.N. Assistant Professor and Director, Professional Forestry Programs • Optimization Techniques, Forest Planning B.Sc. (1968), M.Sc. (1970), Ph.D. (1983) Brit. Col. Phone: (604)822-2997 E-mail: dtait@interchg.ubc.ca TINDALL, David B. Assistant Professor (Forest Resources Management, Sociology) • Sociology/Conservation B.A. (1985), M.A. (1989) Vic.(BC), Ph.D. (1994) Tor. Phone: (604) 822-2550/2363 E-mail: tindall@interchg.ubc.ca FACULTY AND STAFF Forest Resources Management Department VAN KOOTEN, G.C. (Casey) Professor (Forest Resources Management, Agricultural Sciences) • Economics of Natural Resources B.Sc. (1972), M.A. (1974) Alta., Ph.D. (1982) Oregon State Phone: (604) 822-4518 E-mail: gerrit@interchg.ubc.ca WOOD, Paul Assistant Professor • Conservation Policy, Environmental Ethics B.Sc. (1973), Ph.D. (1994) Brit. Col., R.P.F., R.P.Bio. Phone: (604)822-0951 E-mail: paulwood@interchg.ubc.ca • Visit ing Faculty CHONG, Se-Kyung B.Sc. (Chungnam), M.Sc. (Seoul), Ph.D. (Alta.) • Forest Inventory and Forest Management ZUMRAWI, A.A. B.Sc. (Hons.) (Kartoum), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Oregon State) • Forest Biometrics, Growth and Yield Modelling • Sess ional Lecturers CATHCART, Jaime B.A.Sc., M.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Engineering Hydrology FROESE, Robert B.S.F. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. • Forest Management HAGGERSTONE, Bruce B.Sc. (Brit. Col.), MLA (Harvard) • Forest Recreation KOSHY, Matthew B.Sc., M.Sc. (Kerala), M.Sc. (Wales), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Biometrics KOVACS, Christina B.Sc. (Calif., Davis) • Biometrics PERDUE, Mark B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) • Natural Resources Conservation SANDERS, Rebecca B.Sc. (Hons.) (Guelph), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) • Conservation Ethics • H o n o r a r y L e c t u r e r s SANDERS, Peter R.W. B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. • Silviculture SAUDER, Brent J. B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. • Forest Operations • Research Assoc iates HAILEMARIAM, Temesgen B.Sc. (AUA), M.Sc.F. (Lake.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Biometrics • Post-doctoral Fe l lows WU, Wei Min B.Sc. (Beijing), M.Sc. (Chengdu), Ph.D. (Utah State) • Hydrologic & Geotechnical Modelling m A d j u n c t Professors COTTELL, Philip L. B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Yale), R.P.F. DEMAERSCHALK, Julien P. B.S.F. (Louvain), M.F., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) HALL, Thomas H. B.A., M.Sc. (Indiana), M.Sc.F. (New Br.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. HOGAN, Daniel L. B.A., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), P.Geo. HUDSON, Robert B.Sc., M.Sc. (Calg.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) ILES, Kimberley B.S., M.Sc. (Oregon), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) LECKIE, Donald G. B.Sc. (Manit.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) MAGNUSSEN, Steen M.Sc. (Copenhagen), Ph.D. (Gottingen) MATAKALA, Patrick B.Sc., M.Sc. (Lake.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) MITCHELL, Kenneth J. B.S.F. (Brit. Col.), M.F.. Ph.D. (Yale), R.P.F. THERIEN, Guillaume B.A.Sc. (Laval), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) WILLIAMS, Douglas H. B.Sc. (S. Fraser), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) WOZNOW, Ron B.Sc. (Alta.), Ph.D. (New Br.) 2 2 UBC Faculty of Forestry • Staff AKAI, Heather Administrative Assistant AQUINO, David B.Sc.F. (National Agrarian), M.F. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technician BOSSONS, Sandra Secretary LAI, Charles Departmental Clerk MAEDEL, Jerry B.F.A., T.C. (Vic., BC), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) GIS/RS Coordinator SHANNON, Tim B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.) Research Analyst VERWOERD, Harry Research Assistant/Technician • Promot ion MARSHALL, Peter - promoted to professor effective July 1, 1999. • New Faculty A p p o i n t m e n t BULL, Gary Dr. Gary Bull joined the Department on March I, 1999 as an assistant professor in Forest Management. Gary worked extensively with forest products and logging companies in B.C., Ontario and New Brunswick before joining the FAO in 1996, where he worked as a project manager for the global fibre supply model and for information technology applications to forestry. Gary will be teaching forest modelling and forest policy. His research interests concern connecting local needs and demands with a global view and linking spatial levels of forest management. ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1998-99 • Dr. John Nelson has been appointed as acting head, replacing Dr. Valerie LeMay who held this position from January to December, 1998. • Appointment of Dr. Gary Bull as assistant professor in Forest Management. • Appointment of Dr. John Innes as FRBC Chair in Forest Management starting July 1, 1999. Appointment of Dr. Dan Moore as second FRBC Chair in Forest Hydrology (2/3 Geog., 1/3 FRM) starting July 1, 1999. The move to the new Forest Sciences Centre brought all department members together creating opportunities for collaboration. A long-term staffing plan for faculty renewal was developed. Agreement was reached on UBC Forest Operations equivalent courses towards the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of BC Forest Engineering syllabus. Our professional programs were reviewed by the Canadian Forestry Accreditation Board. Implementation of a new required GIS course in the Natural Resources Conservation program. During February, over 75 people attended the symposium "Linking Sustainability to Aesthetics: Do People Prefer Sustainable Landscapes?" This international symposium was sponsored by the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies. PLANS FOR 1999-00 • Continued development of the new B.S.F. curriculum. • Recruit an assistant professor in Forest Recreation to be in place by January 2000. • The department will seek permission to recruit an assistant professor in Forest Operations. • The department will continue investigating a one-year professional Masters degree in an effort to attract highly qualified students interested in continuing their professional development. • Several collaborative research proposals will be prepared to address social, economic and environmental issues related to forest management. • Installation of state-of-the-art visualization equipment (including a new virtual reality lab) and enhanced decision-support capabilities in forestry, using funds awarded to Dr. Stephen Sheppard by the Canada Foundation for Innovation. ACHIEVEMENTS AND PLANS Forest Resources Management Department 1998 Annual Report 2 3 WOOD SCIENCE DEPARTMENT Jack Saddler Head Stavros Avramidis David Barrett Colette Breuil Urs Buehlmann w David Cohen Patrick Cramond Simon Ellis Robert Kozak Frank Lam Thomas Maness Laszlo Paszner John Ruddick WOOD SCIENCE DEPARTMENT SADDLER, Jack N. Professor, NSERC Industrial Senior Chair and Head • Forest Products Biotechnology B.Sc. (Hons.) (1975) Edin., Ph.D. (1978) Glas. Phone: (604) 822-9741 E-mail: saddler@interchg.ubc.ca ELLIS, Simon C. Associate Professor and Director & Advisor, Wood Products Processing Program • Wood Anatomy and Quality B.Sc. (Hons.) (1983) N. Wales, M.Sc. (1986), Ph.D. (1989) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-3551 E-mail: sellis@interchg.ubc.ca AVRAMIDIS, Stavros Professor • Wood Physics and Drying B.S.F. (1981) Thessaloniki, M.S. (1983), Ph.D. (1986) SUNY, Syracuse Phone: (604)822-6153 E-mail: stavros@interchg.ubc.ca BARRETT, J. David Professor • Wood Products Engineering B.A.Sc. (1965) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1973) Berkeley, F.I.A.W.S., P. Eng. Phone: (604) 822-5852 E-mail: dbarrett@interchg.ubc.ca BREUIL, Colette Professor, NSERC Industrial Chair and Associate Dean • Forest Products Biotechnology B.Sc. (1971) Lyon, M.Sc. (1974) Ottawa, Ph.D. (1977) Lyon Phone: (604)822-9738 E-mail: breuil@interchg.ubc.ca BUEHLMANN, Urs Assistant Professor • Industrial Engineering Dipl. Ing. HTL (1993) (Swiss Inst., Biel), MBA (1998), Ph.D. (1998) Virginia Polytech. Phone: (604) 822-9716 E-mail: ursb@interchg.ubc.ca KOZAK, Robert A. Assistant Professor • Forest Products Utilization B.Sc. (1988), Ph.D. (1996) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-2402 E-mail: rkozak@interchg.ubc.ca LAM, Frank Assistant Professor • Wood Mechanics B.A.Sc. (1982), M.A.Sc. (1985), Ph.D. (1992) Brit. Col., F.I.W.Sc., P. Eng. Phone: (604)822-6526 E-mail: franklam®interchg.ubc.ca MANESS, Thomas Associate Professor and Director, Centre for Advanced Wood Processing • Wood Products Processing B.S.F. (1979) W. Virginia, M.Sc. (1981) Virginia Polytech., Ph.D. (1989) Wash. Phone: (604) 822-2150 E-mail: maness@interchg.ubc.ca PASZNER, Laszlo Professor • Chemical Utilization of Wood, Reconstituted Wood Products B.S.F. (1958) Sopron, M.F. (1963), Ph.D. (1966) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-2139 E-mail: paszner@interchg.ubc.ca FACULTY AND STAFF Dept. Phone: (604) 822-5303 Dept. Fax: (604) 822-9104 E-mail: woodubc® interchg.ubc.ca www.wood.ubc.ca COHEN, David H. Associate Professor • Forest Products Marketing and Management Dipl. For. Tech. (1976) Selkirk, B.Sc. (1986) Idaho, Ph.D. (1989) Virginia Polytech. Phone: (604) 822-6716 E-mail, dcohen@interchg.ubc.ca CRAMOND, Patrick Instructor I (Wood Science, Mechanical Engineering) • Wood Products Processing B.A.Sc. (1974) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-1287 E-mail: pcramond@mech.ubc.ca PRION, Helmut G.L. Associate Professor (Wood Science, Civil Engineering) • Engineered Timber Structures Design Hons. B.Eng. (1974) Stellenbosch, Ph.D. (1987) Tor., P. Eng. Phone: (604) 822-3864 E-mail: prion@civil.ubc.ca RUDDICK, John N.R. Professor • Wood Preservation B.Sc. (1965), M.Sc. (1966) Newcastle, Ph.D. (1970) Lond. Phone: (604) 822-3736 E-mail: ruddick@interchg.ubc.ca 1998 Annual Report 2 5 • Research Associates SERREQI, Alessio B.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (McG.) • Forest Products Biotechnology MORRIS, PAUL B.Sc., Ph.D. (London) PLACKETT, David B.Sc. (Sussex), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) SHEVCHENKO, Sergey PROCTER, Alan R. S.Sc. Chem. (Russia), B.S., M.S. (Leningrad) B.Sc. (Hons.), Ph.D. (Edin.) • Forest Products Biotechnology FACULTY AND STAFF Wood Science Department • Post-doctoral Fel lows BIERNACKI, Jack B.S. (Warsaw), M.S., Ph.D. (Berkeley) • Nondestructive Evaluation of Wood Products BOUSSAID, Abdel Ph.D. (Oregon) • Forest Products Biotechnology CAI, Liping M.Sc. (NW For. Univ., China), Ph.D. (Michigan Tech.) • Wood Drying and Physics CAI, Yijin B.Sc. (Nanjing, China), Ph.D. (HK) • Forest Products Biotechnology ESTEGHLALIAN, Alireza B.Sc. (Tehran), Ph.D. (Oregon) • Forest Products Biotechnology JOHANSSON, Carl B.Sc., Ph.D. (Simon Fraser) • Forest Products Biotechnology KIM, Seong B.Sc., M.Sc. (Korea), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Products Biotechnology OUD.IEHANE, Azzeddine B.Eng. (Ecole Nat. Polytech. d'Algeria), M.Sc. (1NPG, France), Ph.D. (Univ. Blaise Clermont Ferrand, France) • Wood Composites UZUNOVIC, Adnan B.Sc., Ph.D. (Lond.) • Forest Products Biotechnology • Adjunc t Professors BEATSON, Roger B.Sc. (Exeter), Ph.D. (W.Ont.), Ph.D. (Oregon State) DINUS, Ronald B.S. (Penn.), M.Sc. (Wash.), Ph.D. (Oregon State) ENEGREN, Terry B.A.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Staf f ABAYAKOON, Sarath B.Sc.Eng. (Peradeniya), M.A.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) Research Engineer BERNALDEZ, James B.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Engineer BORTHWICK, Barbara Administrative Assistant FURST, Dayna Departmental Clerk GREGG, David B.Sc. (Calg.), M.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Scientist HASTINGS, Diana B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technician LEE, George B.Sc. (China), M.Sc. (Oregon State) Wood Engineer Scientist LOUIE, Winnie B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technician McKELLAR, Sandy B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Student Affairs and Public Relations MYRONUK, Robert Dipl. Tech. (BCIT) Research Support Services Supervisor NORLIN, Peter M.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technician SIDHU, Avtar B.Sc., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Scientist SYMONS, Paul B.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Engineer WANG, Yin Tang B.Eng., M.Eng. (Hohai Univ., China) Wood Engineering Scientist 2 6 UBC Faculty of Forestry WHITTAKER, Leslie Secretary ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1998-99 ZHAO, Jay B.A.Sc. (Tsinghua Univ., Beijing), M.A.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) Computer Specialist ZHOU, Bingning B.S. (Harbin), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) Research Assistant/Technician • Promot ion LAM, Frank - promoted to associate professor effective July 1, 1999. • N e w Faculty A p p o i n t m e n t BUEHLMANN, Urs Dr. Urs Buehlmann has joined the Department of Wood Science as assistant professor. Urs obtained an MBA and a Ph.D. in wood processing from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. He also holds an engineering degree from the Swiss Institute of Wood Technology. His research interests are in the area of industrial engineering and business administration for the forest products industry. He currently has research projects in the optimization of lumber supply for secondary wood products manufacturers, opportunities for increasing yield in rough mills, and the implementation of flexible manufacturing cells into existing operations. Urs is currently looking for industrial cooperators where his knowledge and experience may be useful in enhancing an operation's competitiveness. • Dr. Jack Saddler was appointed as head of the Wood Science Department replacing Dr. David Barrett who has steered and revitalized the Department over the past 12 years. • Implemented Year 5 of the Wood Products Processing degree program and graduated the first class of students. • Completed faculty search for Industrial Engineering position. • Curriculum proposal developed to establish the new graduate program in Fibre and Wood, Research and Education in Science and Technology (FAWREST). • Through the efforts of the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing, our Wood Products Processing students received co-op placements in primary and secondary wood processing firms across Canada. • Faculty members from the Fachhochschule Rosenheim and the Swiss Institute for Wood Engineering continued to make significant contributions to the design and delivery of the Wood Products Processing program. PLANS FOR 1999-00 • Complete faculty searches for Wood Adhe- sives Composites, Business and Secondary Manufacturing positions. • Deliver the component courses of the planned FAWREST graduate, non-thesis program. • Increase enrolment in the undergraduate Wood Products Processing program and continue to have 100 per cent placement in the co-op option. • Establish structure of the proposed graduate program in Wood Building Design and Construction. • Develop graduate courses in general Wood Products Processing areas. ACHIEVEMENTS AND PLANS Wood Science Department 1998 Annual Report 27 UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FORESTS SANDERS, Peter B.S.F., M.F., R.P.F. Director University Research Forests E-mail: sanders@interchg.ubc.ca LAWSON, Paul B.S.F., M.B.A., R.P.F. Manager Malcolm Knapp Research Forest Maple Ridge E-mail: plawson@interchg.ubc.ca POWER, Cheryl B.S.F., R.P.F. Resident Forester Malcolm Knapp Research Forest Maple Ridge E-mail: power@interchg.ubc.ca Phone: (604)463-8148 Fax: (604)463-2712 DAY, Ken B.Sc.F. (Hons.), M.F., R.P.F. Manager Alex Fraser Research Forest Williams Lake E-mail: kenday@interchg.ubc.ca TRETHEWEY, Claire B.Sc., R.P.F., R.P.Bio. Research Forester Alex Fraser Research Forest Williams Lake E-mail: trethewa@interchg.ubc.ca Phone: (250)392-2207 Fax: (250) 398-5708 THE Faculty of Forestry operates two research forests: the coastal UBC Malcolm Knapp Research Forest (MKRF) in Maple Ridge, and the UBC Alex Fraser Research Forest (AFRF) in the interior near Williams Lake. The mission of the Research Forests is to support the Faculty of Forestry in serving the people of B.C. through excellence in education and scholarship in forestry broadly defined. Thus both Forests are dedicated to research and education. The location of the Forests, covering five biogeoclimatic zones and three different tenure systems, offers a wide array of research and education opportuni- ties. The MKRF operates an adjacent Woodlot Licence which is used extensively for teaching and, to a limited extent, for research. The Research Forests host three field schools; the Fall Field school at Alex Fraser for third year students, a Spring Field school for fourth year students at Malcolm Knapp, and sections of the Conservation Fall Field school. Accommodation facilities for the field schools are at capacity, and an auxiliary building was purchased by the MKRF to accommodate additional students. The Forests also host numerous continuing education programs and field tours for other educational institutions. ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1998-99 • A substantially positive external review of the Research Forests was carried out. • After several years of discussion, the Minister of Forests has announced that UBC and UNBC will cooperatively manage the Aleza Lake Research Forest. This 9,750 hectare research forest is located 60 km east of Prince George, and is the site of some of the oldest forestry research projects in British Columbia. • The Research Forests overcame their finan- cial deficit and are now operating on a self- sufficient business footing. • Over 20 international students visited the Forests on internship and work experience programs. • An environmental audit was completed on both Forests, with excellent results. Joanne Hirschfield, the environmental coordinator at Malcolm Knapp, received the President's Environmental Award for her contribution to environmental awareness. M a l c o l m K n a p p Research Forest - Paul Lawson has been appointed as the new manager of the MKRF replacing Peter Sanders who will retire from the position at the end of April, 1999. Peter Sanders Director - Twenty-three new research projects were initiated. - The Management Plan for the Woodlot Licence was approved and harvesting was completed on two of the three blocks. - Over 100 students and 25 instructors were involved in the Spring Field school. - A major riparian zone research project involving 15 scientists and covering ten watersheds (totalling over 400 hectares) was initiated. Over 40 hectares were harvested as part of this project. Alex Fraser Research Forest - Sixteen new research projects were initiated, with an emphasis on biological controls and bark beetles. - FRBC funding was secured to carry out a variety of work, including silviculture projects, measurement and reporting of silviculture trials, road restoration and landing rehabilitation. - 2.5 km of new road were built, and approxi- mately three years allowable annual cut were harvested in an effort to combat an epidemic bark beetle population. - Property and buildings adjacent to the Knife Creek block were purchased to develop a new Forest Headquarters. PLANS FOR 1999-00 • Ken Day (manager of the AFRF) will be appointed as the new director for the Research Forests on April 15, 1999 replacing Peter Sanders. • Plan and renovate the new AFRF Headquarters. • A number of cooperative programs with local First Nations will be initiated at both Research Forests. • Plan and execute harvesting of approximately two years allowable annual cut in the continuing effort to combat epidemic bark beetle populations at the AFRF. 2 8 UBC Faculty of Forestry OFFICES, AWARDS AND DISTINCTIONS ALONGSIDE their teaching and research commitments, most Faculty members have committee responsibilities with off-campus organizations and groups. These involvements are listed below together with various distinctions and awards (in bold-face type) bestowed on Faculty members during the past year. AITKEN, S.N. • Chair, BC Forest Gcnctics Council Coastal Technical Advisory Committee. • Member, Forest Genetics Council. • Liaison Member, Pacific Northwest Tree Improvement Research Cooperative. AVRAMIDIS, S. • Member, Organizing Committee, IDS '98 International Drying Symposium, Thessaloniki, Greece. • Member, SCBC Review Committee, Forest Products Program. • Member, USDA Competitive Grants Review Committee. • Member, European Commission Research Grants Review Committee. • Member, European Commission, Action 411' - 5lh Program Framework Group. • Member. European Commission, Cost E9- TGA-LCA Committee. • Member, Organization Committee, '99 International Conference on the Develop- ment of Wood Science/Technology, U.K. • Member, Lumber Task Group, National Lumber Grades Authority. • Board Member, WoodLinks Society. • Chair, Local Organizing Committee Forest Products Society Annual Meeting. • Session Organizer, SWST Technical Session, Knowledge and Technology Needs for the 21st Century, Merida, Mexico. BREUIL, C. • Member, NSERC Advisory Committee, University-Industry Grants. • Canadian Representative on an EEC Research Program. • Member, Technical Advisory Committee, Forintek. • Member, BCIT Biotechnology Committee. CHANWAY, C. • Member, Advisory Board, 8'h International Symposium on Microbial Ecology, Halifax, 1998. • Editor, Microbial Ecology Section, Canadian Journal of Microbiology. BALLARD, T. • Member, ABCPF Forest Soils Subcommittee. • Member, Technical Advisory Committee, Stand Management Co-operative. BARRETT. J.D. • President, Society of Wood Science and Technology. • Fellow, International Academy of Wood Science. . Chair, ISO TCI65 WG5 Characteristic Values Committee. • Chair, CSA 086 Sawn Lumber Committee and Member, CSA Main Committee. • Member, Standards Committee, National Lumber Grades Authority. • Board Member, Society of Wood Science and Technology. • Member, Zairai Lumber Partnership Working Groups. COHEN, D.H. • Member, Advisory Committee, National Value-Added Program, Forintek Canada Corp. • Deputy Director, IUFRO Forest Products Marketing Group. • Member, FRBC Value-Added Committee. ELLIS, S. • George Marra Award (Honorable Mention), Society of Wood Science and Technology. FANNIN, R . J . • Chair-Elect, Geosynthetics Division, Canadian Geotechnical Society. • Reviewer, Professional Engineers Ontario, Geotechnical Engineering Exam. • Associate Editor, Canadian Geotechnical Journal. • Member, Board of Directors, Institute of Forest Engineering of BC. 1998 Annual Report 2 9 OFFICES, AWARDS AND DISTINCTIONS F E L L E R , M.C . • Member, B.C. Medical Association Environmental Health Committee. • Associate Editor, Northwest Science. G L E N N , S.M. • Member, Board of Directors, Friends of Boundary Bay. GUY, R.D. • Member, NSERC Grant Selection Commit- tee 03 (Plant Biology and Food Science). • Chair, NSERC GSC 03 Equipment Grants Subcommittee. H A L E Y , D. • Associate Editor, Canadian Journal of Forest Research. K I M M I N S , J.P. • Appointed Member, UNESCO World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific- Knowledge and Technology, Oslo. • Member, Scientific Advisory Council, Ministry of Environment and Resources, Saskatchewan. • Member, North American Planning Committee, UNESCO World Congress on the Future of Science. K L I N K A , K. • Member, FRBC Forest Ecosystem Committee. • Member, BCMoF Site Productivity Working Group. K O Z A K , R.A. • Member, Wood Products Quality Council of Canada. • Member, BC Centre for Wood Products Design Steering Committee. L A M , F. • Member, CSA086 Subcommittees on Sawn Lumber and General Design. . Member, CSA 0122 Review TG. • Member, Objective Based Code for Wood Frame Construction Committee, Canadian Wood Council. • Member, CSA Technical Committee on Solid and Engineered Wood Products. LeMAY, V.M. • Deputy Chair, CIF Measurements Working Group and Past Chair, CIF Vancouver Section. . Deputy Chair, IUFRO 4.02 Working Group. . Co-Chair, IUFRO 4.02 Working Group 2001 on Growth and Yield. • Member, FRBC Inventory Group. • Member, Stand Management Cooperative Policy Committee (western U.S. and B.C.). • Member, Canadian Forest Inventory Committee, Mensuration Subcommittee. • Member, B.C. Forest Productivity Council. • Associate Editor, Forestry Chronicle. • Associate Editor, Canadian Journal of Forest Research. • Member, CSA Scaling Committee. MANESS, T. • Member, Forest Products Research Network Forum. • Member. BC Wood Education and Training Committee. • Member, Board of Directors, WoodLinks Society. • Member, Forintek Tech Transfer Steering Committee. • Member, Board of Directors, Kootenay School of the Arts. • Member, National Education Initiative. M A R S H A L L , P . L . • Elected Member, ABCPF Council. • Member, Canadian Forestry Accreditation Board. • Member, ABCPF Board of Examiners. • Member, ABCPF Academic Appeals Committees. • Member, Technical Advisory Committee, B.C. Forest Productivity Councils. • Member, University of Northern B.C. Growth and Yield Program Advisory Group. • Member, Steering Committee, Inland Northwest Growth and Yield Cooperative. • Associate Editor, Forestry Chronicle. • Member, Silviculture Technical Advisory Committee, Stand Management Cooperative. 3 0 UBC Faculty of Forestry MARTIN, K. • Associate Editor of the AUK. • Vice President, Society for Canadian Ornithologists. • Canadian Representative to IUCN/ICBP Specialist Group for Galliformes Committee. • Member, Scientific Review Panel, Wildlife Habitat Canada Research Advisory Committee. • Member, Scientific Referee, Endangered Species Recovery Fund. PRESCOTT, C. • Associate Editor, Canadian Journal of Forest Research. • Member, Science Council of B.C. GREAT Scholarship Committee. PRION, H .G .L. • Member, Subcommittees on Fasteners and Seismic Design (Limit States Design of Timber Structures Code). • Member, Objective Based Design of Wood Buildings Committee. McLEAN, J . A . • Member, B.C. Plant Protection Advisory Committee. MITCHELL, S . J . • Member, Silviculture Committee, ABCPF. • Member, MacMillan Bloedel New Forestry Strategy Committee. • Member, BCMELP Riparian Assessment and Prescription Procedures Committee. • Member, Industrial Training and Apprenticeship Commission. MURTHA, P.A. • ADRO Managers Award, Canadian Space Agency, Montreal. • Fellowship Nomination, American Society Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Bethesda, MD. • Emeritus Membership, American Society Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Bethesda, MD. • Co-Chair, BCMELP Remote Sensing Strategy Committee. • Member, Remote Sensing Advisory Committee, U.S. Dept. Interior, Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center. NELSON, J . D . • Member. IFEBC Board of Directors. • Member, IFEBC Curriculum Committee. • Member, FERIC Forest Engineering Advisory Committee. • Chair, ABCPF Forest Harvesting Academic Standards Committee. • Member, SCBC Land-Use Planning Peer Review Committee. RICHARDSON, J.S. • Member, Biodiversity Research Council of BC. • Member, SCBC Sensitive Species Technical Review Committee. • Independent Scientific Reviewer to West Vancouver Council Tailed Frog Monitoring Project. RITLAND, K. . Member, SCBC/FRBC Tree Genetics Committee. RUDDICK, J . N . R . • Head, Canadian Delegation, ISO TCI65 Task Force. • President, International Research Group on Wood Preservation. • Executive Director, American Wood Preservers Association. • Executive Director, Canadian Wood Preservation Association. • Senior Editor, Material und Organismen. • Vice Chair, CSA Wood Preservation Technical Committee. SADDLER, J . N . • Member, Bioenergy Advisory Board, Natural Resources Canada. . Member, BCMELP Wood Ethanol Technology Committee. SIDLE, R. • Chair, Canadian Geophysical Union Forestry Hydrology Committee. • North American Representative, Forests and Water Task Force, IUFRO, Div. 8. OFFICES, AWARDS AND DISTINCTIONS 1998 Annual Report 3 1 Member, International Affairs Committee, American Water Resources Association. OFFICES, AWARDS AND DISTINCTIONS • Associate Editor, Journal of Forest Research. T INDALL, D.B. • Member, SCBC/FRBC Community Research Proposal Review Committee. W A T T S , S.B. • Member, ABCPF Biometry Academic Standards Committee. W E E T M A N , G . F . • Director of Admissions, ABCPF Board of Examiners. • Member, Alberta Forest Management Science Council. . Member, ABCPF Council. 3 2 UBC Faculty of Forestry EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH ALTHOUGH still approximately equivalent to two times the core operating budget, our extra-mural funding of $8,929,000 in 1998/1999 was down 2 per cent from last year. Overall, the final figures are better than we had predicted. As in previous years, our support was obtained from national, international, and private sector sources (see table below). Funding from the federal government and from the private sector increased by $725,000 and $460,000 respectively, while funding from inter- national sources and from the provincial government decreased by $69,000 and $1,375,000 respec- tively. These losses represent respectively, 0.8 per cent and 15.4 per cent of our extramural funding. 1982/3 1984/5 1986/7 1988/9 1990/1 1992/3 1994/5 1996/7 1998/9 Extramural Funds ($000) per Faculty Member ' 4 0 74 104 132 141 121 289 255 'Calculated from operating budget supported Faculty members. Operating budget, extramural funding and research activity 1982/83 - 1998/99 The reduced level of provincial government funding sources this past year resulted in provin- cial funds accounting for 49.2 per cent of our total extramural funding. The decline of Forest Renewal BC (FRBC) research and development support, from $4,75 1,000 in 1997/98 to $3,223,000 this past year, is a direct result of the cancellation of their competition for new research grants. In addition, support from the MoF and MoELP dropped from $1,013,000 to $758,000. However, an additional source of funding of $340,000 was obtained from the B.C. Knowledge Development Fund (BCKDF). Funding from federal government sources in 1998/99 increased by 13.4 per cent, to $2,837,000, accounting for 31.8 per cent of our extramural support. Research supported by NSERC/SSHRC remained more or less constant. However, a recently announced increase in the NSERC budget should translate into substantially increased research activity next year. New fund- ing in 1998/99 from the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CM) boosted our total federal lund- ing by $751,000. We are proud to announce that the Faculty of Forestry received a remarkably large share of the overall award attributed to UBC for this new competition. Funding from private sources (industry and other) now represents 15.4 per cent of our total extramural funding. Industry support alone has increased by 44 per cent over the past year, and now accounts for 14.7 per cent of our total extramural funding. Extramural funding sources 1998/99 (excluding endowments) Source $000 % Federal NSERC/SSHRC 1,227 13.8 NRC/CFS 232 2.6 CFI 751 8.4 Other 628 7.0 Subtotal 2,837 31.8 Provincial FRBC/SCBC 3,223 36.1 MoF 685 7.7 MoELP 73 0.8 BCKDF 340 3.8 Other 73 0.8 Subtotal 4,394 49.2 Private Industry 1,312 14.7 Other 64 0.7 Subtotal 1,376 15.4 International 323 3.6 Total 8,929 100% BREUIL, Colette B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Associate Dean, Research Phone: (604)822-9738 Fax: (604)822-9104 E-mail: breuil@interchg.ubc.ca The Faculty of Forestry supports a broad and diversified research program. In addition to the extramural funding reported in the above table, we also received endowment funding in 1998/99 that totalled $1,062,576. A large amount of this funding was provided by endowments from FRBC in support of Chairs in Applied Conservation Biology, Forest Hydrology, Forest Management, ($ 000) Annualized Net Extramural Funding 1998 Annual Report 3 3 EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH Silviculture and Advanced Wood Processing. Additional sources of endowment income were provided by the following sources: • Weyerhaeuser, MacMillan Bloedel and Forintek (Chair in Forest Products Biotechnology); • Forest Renewal BC (Center for Advanced Wood Processing); • the Imajo Cedar Management Fund; • the Kathleen and Sheldon Rothwell Fund for forestry research; • the Namkoong Family Teaching Exchange and Research Endowment; and • the Burgess-Lane Lectureship and Schaffer Lectureship endowments. The following list reflects funded research activities between April 1, 1998 and March 31, 1999. S.N. Aitken • Junior Industrial Research Chair in population genetics - BCMoF/NSERC/ Industry $178,397 • Physiological genetics of coastal Douglas- fir genotypes exhibiting high and low stability - FRBC $37,345 • Genecology and natural selection dynamics in the Sitka x interior spruce introgression zone - FRBC $32,973 • Genetic relationships among wood quality, growth rates and seedling physiology in interior lodgepole pine - FRBC $16,118 Y. Alila • Watershed modelling to assess peak flow assumptions in IWAP - BCMoF $11,014 • Development of a regional frequency approach for estimating low-flows: A B.C. case study - NSERC $18,700 S. Avramidis • Surface emission coefficient of wood in the hygroscopic range - NSERC $23,430 J.D. Barrett • Zairai building technology development Industry $4,000 • Reliability of wood-based materials NSERC $19,800 • Engineering properties of B.C. species used in Japanese post and beam housing FRBC/SCBC $129,846 C.S. Binkley • Updating of status of forestry research in B.C. - FRBC $23,506 C. Breuil • Junior Chair in Forest Products Biotech- nology - NSERC/Industry $21,000 • Finding methods to disrupt the production of extra-cellular lipase in sapstain fungi MacMillan Bloedel $3,000 • Fate and treatment of sterols, steryl esters and waxes in trees, pulps and process effluents - NSERC $77,940 • Sapstain in Canadian lumber: the causal fungi, their mechanism of pigmentation and future control methods - NSERC $67,509 • Developing DNA fingerprinting for iden- tifying specific wood-inhibiting fungi CFS/NSERC/Forintek $61,975 • Microorganism and enzyme treatments for reducing extractives present in wood chips or pulps - Industry $11,750 • Identifying the characterizing key enzymes used by sapstaining fungi to grow on wood NSERC $19,800 F.L. Bunnell • Spatially-based habitat and forest develop- ment planning - FRBC $200,000 • Habitat modelling in the Invermere enhanced forest management pilot project area - FRBC $67,836 • Planning and tactics to sustain biodiversity and volume How in managed forests FRBC $100,000 • Late-successional species and cavity nesters Lignum Sales Ltd. $106,000 • Vertebrate relations to late successional stages in coastal western hemlock forests MacMillan Bloedel $100,000 • Defining habitat conservation areas for tailed frogs (Ascaphus truei) Wildlife Habitat $19,797 • Sustainable forest management planning and practices theme - NCE $45,000 • Persistence of forest-dependent vertebrates in managed forests - FRBC $103,594 C.P. Chanway • The influence of soil fauna on ecosystem processes in forests of British Columbia (co-investigator) - FRBC $56,718 • Microcosm validation - Canadian Institute of Biotechnology $10,000 3 4 UBC Faculty of Forestry • Bacterial endophytes of gymnosperms: Mutualists or opportunists? NSERC $35,200 D.H. Cohen • Market research in forest products Forintek $14,000 • Technology for full exploitation of wood Int'l Environ. Inst. $171,052 Y. El-Kassaby • Adaptation of forest tree populations Pacific Regen. Techno!. Management Inc. $37,000 • Adaptation and quantitative attributes of Douglas-fir somatic and zygotic seedlings Pacific Biotechnologies Inc. $20,000 • The impact of commercial thinning on genetic/species diversity - Pacific Regen. Technol. Management Inc. $52,000 • Molecular assessment of spruce weevil populations - Pacific Regen. Technol. Management Inc. $35,000 • Population variation in adaptive attributes in Sitka alder - Pacific Regen. Technol. Management Inc. $30,000 S.C. Ellis • Wood quality attributes for the Canadian secondary wood processing industry NSERC $20,680 R.J. Fannin • Geosynthetics for soil stabilization FRBC $17,530 • Slope stability analysis - FRBC $21,200 • Design and performance of geotextile filters NSERC $26,070 M.C. Feller • Aquatic-terrestrial ecosystem research in the UBC research forest at Maple Ridge CFI/BCKDF $67,200 • The response of Engelmann spruce sub- alpine fir forest ccosystcms to logging- effects of harvesting on nutrient budgets FRBC $39,922 • Assessment of nutrient levels in burned versus unburned calcareous soils in relation to free growing - FRBC $4,000 • Effects of different harvesting systems on organic matter decomposition and nutrient dynamics in coastal B.C. montane forests FRBC $3,331 R.D. Guy • Comparative physiology of stress acclima- tion in conifers: water-use efficiency and root respiration - NSERC $39,287 S.G. Hinch • Energetics of anadromous fish NSERC $19,800 • Effects of habitat and food addition on side channel coho salmon - FRBC $80,500 • Responses of rainbow trout to riparian logging - FRBC $89,000 • Responses of cutthroat trout and habitat to riparian logging - BCMoELP $60,000 • Bioenergetics of migration and spawning of Pacific salmon in relation to flow and temperature - NSERC $240,000 G. Hoberg • Limits on Canada's domestic policy sovereignty - UBC Hampton $11,250 J.P. Kimmins • Modelling management impacts of alterna- tive harvesting systems in Saskatchewan boreal mixedwood forest - NSERC/ Mistik Management Ltd. $122,401 • A decision-support system for evaluation of mixedwood landscape sustainability FRBC $67,528 • Assessing the controls on soil-N cycling rates and microbial dynamics in CHW eco- systems to develop a computer-based soil model applicable to forest management NRC $16,000 • Modelling salal and cedar - FRBC $32,790 • Computer-based education, extension and gaming tools by which to support the objectives of FRBC - FRBC $50,000 • Assessment of the sustainability of forest ecosystems and evaluation of indicators of sustainable forest management FRBC $175,000 • Calibration, verification, and validation of the stand-level FORECAST and the spatially- explicit, individual tree FORCEE forest ecosystem management models NSERC $33,440 K. Klinka • TFL37 operational inventory program, growth and yield - SIBEC correlation subprogram - BCMoF $27,000 • Measurement and maintenance work in the rectangularity trials - BCMoF $71,000 EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH 1998 Annual Report 3 5 EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH • Draft report on the mountain hemlock zone, its ecology and significance for forest management - FRBC $14,000 • General research in silvics and dendro- chronology - B.A. Blackwell & Assoc./ Donation $10,625 • Productivity, structure, plant diversity and soil nutrient availability of single- and mixed-species forest stands NSERC $13,100 • TFL37 site index - BEC map unit correlations - BCMoF $27,000 • Ecology and management of cedar-cypress- hemlock forests in coastal B.C. BCMoF $120,556 • Black spruce site productivity BCMoF $42,000 • Trembling aspen site productivity BCMoF $98,000 • Computer support system for making regen- eration cutting and tree species selection in B.C. 's forests - FRBC $4,845 • Growth-light relationships in tree species NSERC $16,170 R. Kozak • Researching a shared use manufacturing facility as a test model for forest dependent communities in B.C. - Community Futures Development Corp. $37,592 F. L a m • Intelligent lumber grading system CAE Newnes Ltd. $28,678 • Properties of laminated veneer lumber Sunpine For. Prod. Ltd. $3,244 • Species strength properties evaluation study for Japan - COFI $220,878 • Modelling performance of structural composite lumber - NSERC $24,200 • Shear strength of structural composite lumber - Trus Joist MacMillan $24,993 V.M. LeMay • Effects of road openings on tree growth of adjacent trees and on overall volume/ha production of adjacent stands Lignum Forest Industries $7,875 • Examination of large tree height and diameter growth models modified for Prognosis8 0 - FRBC $129,479 • Use of spatial relationships to improve the efficiency of field experiments NSERC $13,200 T. Maness • Advanced wood processing systems laboratory - CFI $139,600 • Workshop on high value recovery manufacturing - NSERC $77,018 • Automated production and quality control system for value-added wood products manufacturing - NSERC $14,300 P.L. Marshall • Data collection and analysis to calibrate the small tree and regeneration models in Prognosis8 0 - FRBC $87,475 • Data collection for calibrating the Prognosis model - FRBC $24,999 • Growth of uneven-aged interior Douglas-fir stands - FRBC $37,429 K.M. Martin • Determination of habitat use and habitat availability in relation to forest structure and composition - Lignum Sales Ltd. $19,500 • Ecology of alpine and forest birds NSERC $22,000 • Effects of forest management on biodiver- sity of riparian ecosystems in interior forests of the Cariboo-Chilcotin - FRBC $50,000 S.J. Mitchell • Retrospective study of edge windthrow and modelling of windfirming prescriptions FRBC $60,000 P.A. Murtha • Remote sensing caribou habitat BCMoELP $10,000 G. Namkoong • Development decision strategy on priorities for conservation and use of forest genetic resources - CIDA $38,500 • Managing forest tree genetic variance for climatic change - field and DNA marker- based testing of a novel system FRBC $74,277 • Rapid breeding for tracheid characters in interior spruce - FRBC $36,015 • Genetic effects on fiber and structural wood properties in western hemlock FRBC $63,315 • Utilization and management of red alder genetic resources in British Columbia FRBC $60,000 3 6 UBC Faculty of Forestry • Resource use efficiency response in varying environments and its role in maintenance of genetic variance in fitness related traits in lodgepole pine - FRBC $49,550 J.D. Nelson • ATLAS/SIMFOR landscape analysis Interior Lumber Manu. Assoc. $50,000 • Decision support systems for forest land use planning - NSERC $19,800 L. Paszner • Strength development of high-yield NAEM-catalysed organosolv softwood pulps - NSERC $18,590 C.E. Prescott • Assessing the effects of clearcutting on chemical forms of soil-N, on mycorrhizal function, and on coniferous seedling nutrition - NSERC $34,610 • Long-term effects of salal removal FRBC/Western Forest Products $25,935 • Effects of red alder on nutrient availability and light - BCMoF $39,970 • The nitrogen nutrition of western red cedar, western hemlock and salal - SCBC $2,500 • Rehabilitation of forest roads and landings with wood waste - FRBC $106,608 • Coarse woody debris dynamics in wet and dry ESSF forests - FRBC $1,200 . Soil N cycling - FRBC $2,560 • Nurse species - FRBC $34,004 • The influence of soil fauna on ecosystem processes in forests of British Columbia FRBC $56,718 • Salal Cedar Hemlock Integrated Research Program coordination - FRBC $87,928 • Comparative ecology of ericaceous shrubs FRBC $9,362 . High elevation trials - FRBC $12,003 • Partial cutting systems research in the interior cedar-hemlock zone in root disease infected stands — litter input and decom- position component - FRBC $7,885 • Predicting rates of organic matter decom- position in forests and silvicultural systems in B.C. - FRBC $4,725 • Influence of species mixtures on litter decomposition in forests of British Columbia -FRBC $7,875 H.G.L. Prion • Seismic behaviour of dowel connections in structural composite lumber NSERC $18,370 • Reliability and design of innovative wood structures under earthquake and extreme wind conditions - FRBC $293,528 • Performance of wood diaphragms Canadian Wood Council/IRAP $35,000 • Seismic behaviour of low rise steel building frames - Steel Structures Education Foundation $12,000 • Innovative connections for prefabricated heavy timber connection - FRBC $68,339 J.S. Richardson • Influence of reserve strip width on riparian and stream ecosystems: invertebrate responses to management - FRBC/National Oceanic & Atmospheric Admin. $118,749 • International Environmental Youth Corps Can Council for Human Resources in the Environ. Ind. $12,000 • Influence of reserve strip width on riparian and stream ecosystems: amphibian communities - BCMoELP $18,000 • Tiger salamanders: Effects of cattle grazing, range condition and breeding pond charac- teristics on the habitat use and population ecology of tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum) in the south Okanagan BCMoELP $30,000 • Ecology of tailed frogs and the effects of forest practices (co-investigator) FRBC $208,539 K. Ritland • Senior Industrial Research Chair in population genetics BCMoF/NSERC/Industry $195,854 • Forest Genetic Data Centre CFI/BCKNF $688,000 • Estimating SMP efficacy and assaying local contamination - BCMoF $68,000 • Kermode bear population genetics Western Forest Products $20,004 • Quantitative trait loci for mating system traits differentiating two species of Linanthus - NSF $11,342 • Molecular population genetics of Mimulus NSERC $66,880 • Heritabilities in natural populations of four B.C. conifer species - FRBC $57,582 EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH 1998 Annual Report 3 7 EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH J.N.R. Ruddick • Wood preservation - factors impacting on the performance of wood preserving chemicals - Albermarle/BASF/Forintek/ Lonza Inc./Timber Specialties/Trus Joist MacMillan/Donation $27,574 • Fixation chemistry of amine copper preservative in wood - NSERC $22,770 J.N. Saddler • Senior Chair in Forest Products Biotech- nology - NSERC/Industry $37,386 • Enhancing Canadian wood industry competitiveness through innovative R&D partnerships - Phase 1 Program Planning NRC $50,000 • IEA bioconversion task - IEA $64,800 • Ethanol workshop - BCMoELP $9,956 • Biotechnology project for Weyerhaeuser Weyerhaeuser Canada $10,000 • Bioconversion of softwoods to ethanol NRC $158,526 • Use of immunoassays to monitor in-mill and waste water concentrations of hydrophobic, organic material - NCE $31,000 • Biotechnology for enhancing pulp properties - MacMillan Bloedel $10,000 • The use of enzymes to elucidate the struc- ture and to modify native and recycled paper - CFS/Weyerhaeuser Canada/ NSERC $95,500 • Enzymatic and microbial treatment NCE $58,000 S.R.J. Sheppard • Literature review of the visual characteris- tics of forest disturbance - BCMoF $5,000 • Emerging computer-assisted techniques for public communications and decision- support in forest resources management UBC Hampton Fund $10,000 • Centre of Excellence in computer-aided resource decision-support - CFI $195,320 • Ancient values/new technologies - emerging methods for integrating spiritual aesthetic values into forest design SSHRC $24,000 • Linking sustainability to aesthetics: Do people prefer sustainable landscape UBC/PWIAS $20,000 R.C. Sidle • Development of landslide and related hydrology models for the prediction of incremental and cumulative impacts of forest management practices BCASI $40,000 • Dynamic contributions of soil macropore systems to stormllow - NSERC $26,620 D.B. Tindall • Emerging computer-assisted techniques for public communications and decision- support in forest resources management (co-investigator) UBC Hampton Fund $10,000 • Ancient values/new technologies - emerging methods for integrating spiritual aesthetic values into forest design (co-investigator) - SSHRC $24,000 • Community concerns about forestry and conservation: comparison of a pro-forestry community organization with the general public in a forestry-dependent community UBC-HSS $1,900 B. van der K a m p • Management of Armillaria root disease by inducing quiescence - FRBC $25,000 G.C. van Kooten • The economics of climate change and the role of forestry: The case of Canada SSHRC $17,000 • Economics of conservation biology SSH $3,500 • Economics of climate change and forestry NCESFM $25,000 S.B. Watts • Updating of status of forestry research in B.C. (co-investigator) - FRBC $23,506 G.F. Weetman • Structure and disturbance dynamics of old-growth balsam-fir black spruce forests in western Newfoundland CFS/NSERC $10,750 • Hemlock genotype trial - FRBC $12,025 • Forest nutrition and fertilization studies NSERC $27,265 3 8 UBC Faculty of Forestry FACULTY PUBLICATIONS THIS list includes documents published between April 1, 1998 and March 31, 1999. Names appearing in bold-face type are those of UBC Forestry Faculty members. For further information on any of these publications (many of which are available in libraries), please contact the appropriate Faculty member directly. Abraham, L., B. Hoffman, Y. Gao, and C. Breuil. 1998. Ophiostoma piceae utilizes wood proteins and lipids. Can. J. Microbiol. 44:698-670. An, Y„ J.N.R. Ruddick and P.I. Morris. 1998. CCA component distribution in the heart- wood of treated lodgepole pine and white spruce. Int'l Res. Group Wood Preserv. Doc. No. IRG/WP/98-30173. Anekonda, T.S., W.T., Adams and S .N. Aitken. 1998. Influence of second flushing on genetic assessment of cold hardiness in coastal Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco). For. Ecol. Manage. I 11:1 19-126 Awadel-Karim, S., M.M. Nazhad and L. Paszner. 1999. Factors affecting crystal- line structure of cellulose during solvent purification treatment. Holzforschung 53:1-8. Balduman, L.M.. S .N. Aitken, M. Harmon, and W.T. Adams. 1999. Genetic variation in cold hardiness of Douglas-fir in relation to parent tree environment. Can. J. For. Res. 29:62-72. Belillas, C.M. and M.C. Feller. 1998. Relation- ships between lire severity and slashburning- induced nutrient losses to the atmospheres and losses via leaching in British Columbia's Coastal Western Hemlock zone forests. Int'l J. Wild land Fire 8:87-101. Bent, E. and C.P. Chanway. 1998. The growth- promoting effects of a bacterial endophyte on lodgepole pine are partially inhibited by the presence of other rhizobacteria. Can. J. Microbiol. 44:980-988. Brack, C.L. and P.L. Marshall. 1998. Sequential sampling with systematic selection for estimating mean dominant height. Aust. For. 61:253-257. Buehlmann, U., J.K.. Wiedenbeck and D.E. Kline. 1998. Character-marked furniture: potential for lumber yield increase in rip-first rough mills. For. Prod. J. 48(4):43-50. Buehlmann, U., J.K. Wiedenbeck and D.E. Kline. 1999. Character-marked furniture: potential for lumber yield increase in crosscut-first rough mills. For. Prod. J. 49(2):65-72. Bull, J., A. Serreqi and C. Breuil. 1998. An improved enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect didecyldimethylammonium chloride, a quarternary ammonium compound. J. Agr. & Food Chemistry 46:4779-4786. Bull, J., A. Serreqi, T. Chen, and C. Breuil. 1998. Development of an immunoassay for a quaternary ammonium compound, benzyldodecyldimethylammonium chloride. Water Research 32:3621-3630. Burgetz, I.J., A. Rojas-Vargas, S.G. Hinch, and D.J. Randall. 1998. Initial recruitment of anaerobic metabolism during submaximal swimming in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus my kiss). J. Exp. Biol. 201:2711-2721. Calver, M.C., C.R. Dickman, M.C. Feller, R.J. Hobbs, P. Horwitz, H.F. Recher, and G. Wardell-Johnson. 1998. Towards resolving conflict between forestry and conservation in western Australia. Aust. J. For. 61:258-266. Carter. R.E., E.R.G. McWilliams and K. Klinka. 1998. Predicting response of Douglas-fir to fertilizer treatments. For. Ecol. Manage. 107:275-289. Chanway, C.P. 1998. Bacterial endophytes: Ecological and practical implications. Sydowia 50:159-170. Invited Paper. Chen, Han H.Y. and K. Klinka and R.D. Kabzems. 1998. Height growth and site index models for trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michz.) in northern British Columbia. For. Ecol. Manage. 103:147-165. Chen, Han H.Y. and K. Klinka, J. Fons, and P.V. Krestov. 1998. Characterization of nutrient regimes in some continental subalpine boreal soils. Can. J. Soil Sci. 78-467-475 Chen, Han H.Y. and K. Klinka. 1998. Produc- tivity, site quality, and foliar nutrients of trembling aspen: relationships and predic- tions. Can. J. For. Res. 28:1743-1745. Chen, T., C. Dwyre-Gygax, C.R. Daniels, and C. Breuil. 1998. Evaluation of an enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for quantifying DDAC in industrial solutions. Wood Sci. Technol. 32:287-296. 1998 Annual Report 3 9 Clouston, P., F. Lam and J.D. Barrett. 1998. Incorporating size effects in the Tsai-Wu strength theory for Douglas-fir laminated veneer lumber. Wood Sci. Technol. 32:215- 226. Clouston, P., F. Lam and J.D. Barrett. 1998. Interaction term of the Tsai-Wu theory for laminated veneer lumber. J. Mat. Civ. Engrg. ASCE 10(2): 112-120. Clouston, P., F. Lam and J.D. Barrett. 1998. The effect of edge knots on the strength of SPT MSR lumber. For. Prod. J. 48(4):75-81. Cohen, David H. 1999. You can crack the Japanese market. Woodworking 13( 1 ):7-8. Courchene, T„ F. Lam and J.D. Barrett. 1998. The effect of edge knots on the strength of FACULTY S P F M S R lumber. For. Prod. J. 48(4):75-81. PUBLICATIONS Dobry, J. and K. Klinka. 1998. Reconstruction of temperature from tree-rings of Pacific silver fir in coastal British Columbia. Northwest Sci. 72:81-87. Dubois, J. and J.N.R. Ruddick. 1998. The fungal degradation of quaternary ammonium compounds in wood. Int'l Res. Group Preserv. Doc. No. IRGAVP/98-10263. Durham, J.D., M. He, F. Lam, and H.G.L. Prion. 1998. Seismic resistance of wood shear walls with oversize sheathing panels. Vol. 1: 396-403 in Proc. World Conf. on Timber Engineering, Montreux, Switzerland. Easton, W.E. and K. Martin. 1998. The effect of vegetation management on breeding bird communities in British Columbia. Ecological Applications 48:1092-1103. El-Kassaby, Y.A. and D.G.W. Edwards. 1998. Genetic control of germination and the effects of accelerated aging in mountain hemlock seeds and its relevance to gene conservation. For. Ecol. Manage. 112:203- 211. Ellis, S. 1998. Mechanical properties of second- growth hemlock. In: Basic Wood Properties of Second-Growth Western Hemlock, Forintek Canada Corp. Special Publ. No. SP- 38:44-49. Fannin, R.J., H.W. Choy and J.W. Atwater. 1998. Interpretation of transmissivity test data for geonets. Geosynthetics Int'l 5(3):265-285. Fannin, R.J., R.K. Bowden and C.E. Parsons. 1998. The IFEBC: A partnership in con- tinuing education. Pp. 56-62 in Proc. 11th Canadian Conf. on Engineering Education, Halifax, Nova Scotia, July 5-7, 1998. Feller, M .C. 1998. Book review of "Vestal fire - an environmental history, told through fire of Europe and Europe's encounter with the world." For. Chron. 74:465. Feller, M .C. 1998. Influence of ecological conditions on Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii) and subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) germinant survival and initial seedling growth in southcentral British Columbia. For. Ecol. Manage. 107:55-59. Feller, M .C. and K. Klinka. 1998. Seedfall, seed germination, and initial survival and growth of seedlings of Thuja plicata in southwestern British Columbia. Northwest Sci. 72:157-169. Fielding, A.S., D.H. Turpin, R.D. Guy, S.E. Calvert, D. Crawford, and P.J. Harrison. 1998. Influence of the carbon concentrating mechanism on carbon stable isotope frac- tionation by the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. Can. J. Bot. 76:1098-1103. Fleet, C. and C. Breuil. 1988. High concentra- tions of fatty acids affect the lipase treatment of softwood thermomechanical pulps. Appl. Microbiol. &Biotechnol . 49:517-522. Fons, J. and K. Klinka. 1998. Chemical and biotic properties and temporal variation of Moder humus forms in the rain forest near Vancouver, British Columbia. Geoderma 86:83-98. Fons, J. and K. Klinka. 1998. Chemical and biotic properties of the forest floors across a zonal chronosequence in the Coastal Western Hemlock Zone of southern British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 28:582-590. Fons, J., K. Klinka and R.D. Kabzems. 1998. Humus forms of trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) ecosystems in north- eastern British Columbia. For. Ecol. Manage. 105:241-250. Forsyth, K„ D. Haley and R .A. Kozak. 1999. Customer attitudes towards environmentally certified wood products in the British Columbian home improvement market. J. For. 97(2): 18-22. Fu, Y.-B., G. Namkoong and A. Yanchuk. 1998. Incomplete block designs for genetic testing: statistical efficiencies of estimating family means. Can. J. Res. 28:977-986. 4 0 UBC Faculty of Forestry Gagne, P., L. Bernier, D.Q. Yang, M. Gignac, A. Uzunovic, S.H. Kim, C. Breuil, and A. Byrne. 1998. Genetic variability of sapstaining fungi in Canada. In: American Phytopathological Society/Entomological Society of America Joint Ann. Meet., Las Vegas, NV. Phytopathology 88:S30. Gao, Y. and C. Breuil. 1998. Properties and substrate specificities of an extracellular lipase purified from Ophiostoma piceae. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 14:421-429. Gregg, D.J., A. Boussaid and J.N. Saddler. 1998. Techno-economic evaluations of a generic wood-to-ethanol process: Process effect of increased cellulose yields and enzyme recycle. Bioresource Technol. 63(1998):7-12. Gubitz, G.M., C.D. Edgar, S.D. Mansfield, J.N. Saddler, and W. Steiner. 1998. Role of cellulase/hemicellulase synergism in the modification of pretreated wood substrates. Int'l Symp. Biotechnol. Lignocell. Mat. Curitiba, Brazil, pp. 45-56. Gubitz, G.M., D.W. Stebbing, C.I. Johansson, and J.N. Saddler. 1998. Lignin-hemicellu- lose-complexes restrict enzymatic solubilisa- tion of mannan and xylan from dissolving pulp. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 50:390- 395. Gubitz, G.M., S.D. Mansfield, D. Bohm, and J.N. Saddler. 1998. Effect of endoglucan- ases and hemicellulascs in magnetic and notation deinking of xerographic and laser- printed papers. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 65:209-215. Haley, D. 1998. Unionizing the silvicultural work force: Does it mean increased cos.ing and diminished forest resources. RPF Forum 5(3):7-8. Haley, David and M.K. Luckert. 1998. Tenures as economic instruments for achieving objectives of public forest policy in British Columbia. Pp. 123-152 in J. Raynor (ed.), The Wealth of Forests. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, B.C. Hamann, A., Y .A. El-Kassaby, M.P. Koshy, and G. Namkoong. 1998. Multivariate analysis of allozymic and quantitative trait variation in Alnus rubra: Geographic patterns and evolutionary implications. Can. J. For. Res. 28:1557-1565. Hannon, S.J., P.K. Eason and K. Martin. 1998. Willow Ptarmigan. Pp. 1-28 in Poole, A., P. Stettenheim and F. Gill (eds.), The Birds of North America, No. 369. Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences. Washington, DC: The American Ornithologists' Union. He, M., H. Magnusson, F. Lam, and H. Prion. 1999. Cyclic performance of perforated wood shear walls with oversize oriented strand board panels. J. Struct. Engrg. ASCE 125(1): 10-18. He, M„ F. Lam and H. Prion. 1998. Influence of cyclic test protocols on performance of wood-based shear walls. Can. J. Civ. Engrg. 25:539-550. He, M.H., J.P. Durham, F. Lam. and H.G.L. Prion. 1998. Seismic resistance of wood shear walls with oversize sheathing panels. Vol. 1: 396-403 in Natterer, J. and J-L. Sandoz (eds.), Proc. 5,h World Conf. on FACULTY Timber Engineering, Montreux, Switzerland. Herdeg, K., R.A. Kozak and D. Wong. 1998. PUBLICATIONS The role of furniture testing. Woodworking 12(7): 10. Hinch, S.G. and P.S. Rand. 1998. Swim speeds and energy use of river migrating adult sockeye salmon: role of local environment and fish characteristics. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55:1821-1831. Hoberg, G. 1998. North American environ- mental regulations. Pp. 305-327 in Doern, G.B. and S. Wilks (eds.), British and North American Regulatory Institutions. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, ON. Hoffmann, B„ S.H. Kim and C. Breuil. 1998. Cloning of a gene encoding an extracellular lipase in Ophiostoma piceae. In: American Phytopathological Society/Entomological Society of America Joint Ann. Meet., Las Vegas, NV. Phytopathology 88:S38. Instanes, A.I., R.J. Fannin and K. Haldorsen. 1998. Mechanical and thermal stabilization of fill materials for road embankment construction on discontinuous permafrost in northwest Russia. Pp. 495-500 in Proc. 7lh Int'l Permafrost Conf., Yellowknife, Canada. June 23-26, 1998. Jaquish, B. and Y.A. El-Kassaby. 1998. Genetic variation of western larch in British Columbia and its conservation. J. Hered. 89:248-253. Jung, H-J., S. Avramidis and L. Cai. 1998. Dry- ing characteristics of large western red cedar timber during radio frequency/vacuum dry- ing. In Korean. Mokchae Konghak 23(3): 1-8. 1998 Annual Report 4 1 Karacabeyli, E. and H.G.L. Prion. 1999. Seismic research on woodframe construction in Canada. Pp. 55-67 in Proc. Invititational Workshop on Seismic Testing, Analysis and Design of Woodframe Construction, Publ. No. WF-01, CUREe-Caltech Woodframe Project, Los Angeles. Kavanagh, K.L., B.J. Yoder, S.N. Aitken, B.C. Gartner, and S.A. Knowe. 1999. Vulnerability to xylem cavitation in Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii and var. glauca. Tree Physiol. 19(l):31-38. Kayahara, G.J., K. Klinka and P.L. Marshall 1998. Testing site index - site factor relationships for predicting Pinus contorta and Picea engelmannii x glauca productivity in central British Columbia. For. Ecol. FACULTY Manage. 110:141-150. PUBLICATIONS K i m ' S H " A- U z u n o v i c a n d C.'Breuil. 1998. Rapid detection of Ophiostoma piceae and Ophiostoma quercus by PCR. In: American Phytopathological Society/Entomological Society of America Joint Ann. Meet., Las Vegas, NV. Phytopathology 88:S46. Koshy, Mathew P., G. Namkoong and J.H. Roberds. 1998. Genetic variance in the F2 generation of divergently selected parents. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 97:990-993. Kozak, A. 1998. Effects of upper stem measure- ments on the predictive ability of a variable- exponent taper equation. Can. J. For. Res. 28:1078-1083. Kozak, R.A. and T.C. Maness. 1998. Wood council seeks competitive advantage. Woodworking 12(5): 11-12. Krcmar-Nozic, E., G.C. van Kooten, I. Vertinsky, and S. Brumelle. 1998. An interactive multi objective approach to harvest decisions in forest planning. Scand. J. For. Res. 13(3):356-368. Krebs, C.J., A.R.E. Sinclair, R. Boonstra, S. Boutin, K. Martin, and J.N.M. Smith. 1998. Community dynamics of vertebrate herbivores - how can we untangle the web? Chapter 15: pp. 447-473 in Olff, H„ V.K. Brown and R.H. Drent (eds.), Herbivores: Between Plants and Predators. Blackwells, Oxford. Kyriacou, P., E. de Jong, C. Johansson, R.P. Chandra, and J .N. Saddler. 1998. Bleaching of western red cedar and Douglas-fir mechanical pulps. TAPPI J. 81 (6): 188-195. Lam, F., R.O. Foschi and H.G.L. Prion. 1999. Needs in modelling and analysis of seismic resistance of wood frame construction. Pp. 95-97 in Proc. Invititational Workshop on Seismic Testing, Analysis and Design of Woodframe Construction, Publ. No. WF-01, CUREe-Caltech Woodframe Project, Los Angeles. Lam, F„ H.G.L. Prion and H.M. He. 1998. Lateral resistance of wood-based shear walls with oversized sheathing panels. Pp. 33-44 in Proc. Recent Advances in Understanding Full Scale Behavior of Wood Buildings. Forest Products Society 1997 Ann. Meet. Lam, F., H.G.L. Prion, M. He, and J.D. Durham. 1998. Earthquake resistance of wood-based shear walls with oversized sheathing panels. Structural Engineers World Congress, San Francisco. 8 pp. on CD ROM. Leone, R. and C. Breuil. 1998. Filamentous fungi degrade aspen steryl esters and waxes. Int'l Biodeterior. & Biodegrad. 41:133-137. Lu, C., P.R. Steiner and F. Lam. 1998. Simula- tion study of wood-flake composite mat structures. For. Prod. J. 48(5):89-93. Lu, J. and S. Avramidis. 1999. Non-Darcian air flow in wood. Part 2. Nonlinear flow. Holzforschung 53(l) :77-84. Lu, J. and S. Avramidis. 1999. Non-Darcian air flow in wood. Part 3. Slip flow. Holzforschung 53(l) :85-92. Lubell, A., H.G.L. Prion, C.E. Ventura, and M.K. Rezai. 1998. Behavior of unstiffened steel plate shear walls under quasi-static loading. Structural Engineers World Con- gress, San Francisco. 8 pp. on CD ROM. Lubell, A.S., H.G.L. Prion, C.E. Ventura, and M. Rezai. 1998. Unstiffened steel plate shear walls: Quasi-static cyclic testing. In: Proc. 6lh U.S. National Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Seattle, WA. 12 pp. on CD ROM. Luymes, D. and D. Paterson. 1998. Creating sustainable communities in fragmented land- scapes: A case study. Pp. 201-208 in Proc. 1998 American Society of Landscape Archi- tects Conference. ASLA: Washington, D.C. Mansfield, S.D., J .N. Saddler and G.M. Gubitz. 1998. Characterisation of two endoglucan- ases from the brown-rot fungi Gloeophyllum sepiarium and Gloeophyllum trabeum. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 23:133-140. 4 2 UBC Faculty of Forestry Mansfield, S.D., B. Saake, G.M. Gubitz, E. deJong, J. Puis, and J.N. Saddler. 1998. Identification, purification and characterisa- tion of the predominant endoglucanases from two brown-rot fungal strains of Gloeophytllum. Pp. 227-244 in Proc. 1997 Tricel Symp. Ghent, Bel urn. Markham, J. and C .P. Chanway . 1998. Alnus rubra (Bong.) nodul spore type distribution in southwestern British Columbia. Plant Ecol. 125:197-205. Markham, J. and C.P. Chanway. 1998. Response of red alder (Alnus rubra) seedlings to a woolly alder sawfly (Eriocampa ovata) outbreak. Can. J. For. Res. 28:591-595. Martin, K. 1998. The role of animal behavior studies in wildlife science and management. Wildlife Society Bulletin 26(4):911 -920. Martin, K. and J.M. Eadie. 1998. Nest webs: A community-wide approach to the manage- ment and conservation of cavity nesting birds. For. Ecol. Manage. 115:243-257. McLean, J .A. 1998. Silvicultural controls and management of genetic resistance in rapidly growing plantations. Pp. 220-232 in Proc. Int'l Forest Insect Workshop. Corporacion Nacional Forestal, Chile. McLean, J .A. 1998. Use of pheromones in IPM strategies for bark and ambrosia beetles. Pp. 288-293 in Conf. Proc. VI SICONBIOL Symp. in Biological Control, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 26th, 1998. Invited Paper. Min, X., M.Y. Siddiqi, R.D. Guy, A.D.M. Glass, and H.J. Kronzucker. 1998. Induction of nitrate uptake and nitrate reductase activity in trembling aspen and lodgepole pine. Plant Cell Environ. 21:1039-1046. Mooney, C.A., S.D. Mansfield, M.G. Tuohy, and J.N. Saddler. 1998. The effect of initial pore volume and lignin content on the enzy- matic hydrolysis of softwoods. Bioresource Technol. 64(1998): 113-119. Moore, T.R., J.A. Trofymow, B. Taylor, C. Prescott, C. Camire, L. Duschene, J. Fyles, L. Kozak, M. Kranabetter, I. Morrison, M. Siltanen, S. Smith, B. Titus, S. Visser, R. Wein, and S. Zoltai. 1999. Litter decomposition rates in Canadian forests. Global Change Biology 5:75-82. Murtha, P.A. 1999. RADARSAT F2 monitor- ing riparian strips Canada Centre for remote sensing. Satellite Acquisitions Services, Ottawa. March 1999 Newsletter. M u r t h a , P.A. 1998. An introduction to satellite remote sensing. Book Review. J. Geosci. Educe. 46:520. M u r t h a , P.A. 1998. Interesting images from the RAINS study, northern Vancouver Island. In: Proc. Final ADRO Symp., Canadian Space Agency, St. Hubert, PQ. 8 pp. on CD ROM. M u r t h a , P.A. 1998. Monitoring riparian leave strips in forest clearcuts with multi-temporal RADARSAT Fine 2 mode image data. In: Proc. Final ADRO Symp., Canadian Space Agency, St. Hubert, PQ. 10 pp. on CD ROM. M u r t h a , P.A. 1998. Weather or not: Monitoring riparian strips in forest clearcuts with multi- temporal fine 2 mode RADARSAT data. In: Proc. 20 ,h Cdn. Symp. Remote Sens., CASI, Ottawa, pp. 49-52 on CD ROM. M u r t h a , P.A. and S.J. Mitchell. 1998. Riparian leave strip monitoring with multi-temporal Fine 2 mode RADARSAT data. In: Proc. 1998 Ann. Meet. Amer. Soc. Photogram. & Remote Sens. 4 pp. on CD ROM. Oudjehane, A. and F. Lam. 1998. On the density profile within random and oriented wood- based composite panels: Horizontal distri- bution. Composites Part B, Engrg. J. 29(6): 687-694. Oudjehane, A., F. L a m and S. Avramidis . 1998. A continuum model of the interaction be- tween manufacturing variables and consoli- dation of wood composite mats. Wood Sci. Technol. 32(6):381-391. Oudjehane, A., F. L a m and S. Avramidis . 1998. Forming and pressing processes of random and oriented wood composite mats. Compo- sites Part B, Engrg. J. 29(3):211-215. Oudjehane, A., F. L a m and S. Avramidis . 1998. Modeling the influence of the formation process on engineering properties of flake- boards. Pp. 1-6 in Proc. Engineered Systems Using Structural Panels. Forest Products Society 1997 Ann. Meet. Palmeira, E.M. and R.J. Fannin . 1998. A methodology for the evaluation of geotextile pore opening sizes under confining pressure. Geosynthetics Int'l 6(3):347-357. Popovski, M., H.G.L. Pr ion and E. Karacabeyli. 1998. Braced timber frames for earthquake regions. Vol. 1: 732-733 in Proc. of World Conf. on Timber Engineering, Montreux, Switzerland. FACULTY PUBLICATIONS 1998 Annual Report 4 3 FACULTY PUBLICATIONS Popovski, M., H .G.L. Prion and E. Karacabeyli. 1998. Force modification factors for braced timber frames. CIB-W18 Meet., Savonlinna, Finland. 12 pp. Popovski, M., H.G.L. Prion and E. Karacabeyli. 1998. Seismic behaviour of braced timber frames. In: Proc. 6th U.S. National Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Seattle, WA. 12 pp. on CD ROM. Prescott, C.E. and S.M. Brown. 1998. Do organic fertilizers provide a sustained growth response to conifers? Can. J. For. Res. 28:1328-1334. Qian, H. 1999. Spatial pattern of vascular plant diversity in North America north of Mexico and its floristic relationship with Eurasia. Annals of Botany 83:271-283. Qian, H. 1998. Large-scale biogeographic patterns of vascular plant richness in North America; an analysis at the generic level. J. Biogeography 25:829-836. Qian, H., K. Klinka and G.J. Kayahara. 1998. Longitudinal patterns of plant diversity in the North American boreal forest. Plant Ecol. 138:161-178. Raju, D.M. and Fannin , R.J. 1998. Load-strain- displacement response of geosynthetics in monotonic and cyclic pullout. Can. Geotech. J. 35:183-193. Rand, P.S. and S.G. Hinch. 1998. Spatial patterns of zooplankton biomass in the northeast Pacific Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series 171:181-186. Rand, P.S. and S.G. Hinch. 1998. Swim speeds and energy use of river migrating adult sockeye salmon: simulating metabolic power and assessing risk of energy depletion. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55:1832-1841. Reece, P.F. and J.S. Richardson. 1998. Seasonal changes of benthic macroinverte- brate communities in southwestern British Columbia. Environment Canada DOE- FRAP1998-33, 87 pp. Rezai, M„ C.E. Ventura, H.G.L. Prion, and A.S. Lubell. 1998. Unstiffened steel plate shear walls: Shake table testing. In: Proc. 6th U.S. National Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Seattle, WA. 12 pp. on CD ROM. Richardson, J.S. 1998. Are streamside buffers sufficient or unnecessary? Experimental studies of streamside protection of hydro- riparian ecosystems. Pp. 115-119 in Morgan, K. and P. Lewis (eds.), Proc. 3rd National Habitat Workshop, Environment Canada. Canadian Wildlife Service. Richardson, J.S. and S.G. Hinch. 1998. Ecological objectives for stream and water- shed restoration along the Pacific coast of North America. 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Microscopy Today 98(3):24-25. 4 6 UBC Faculty of Forestry Thomas Maness Director THE Centre for Advanced Wood Processing (CAWP) is Canada 's National Education and Research Centre of Excellence for the Wood Products Manufacturing Industry. Our mission is to provide world leading education, service and research activities, with a strong emphasis on value-added wood products manufacturing. Managed as a business unit, CAWP is funded through industry membership fees, cost recovery on services, and endowment grants from Forest Renewal BC and the Federal Government. This year marked a number of important milestones. Among these was the grand opening of the Centre's new building. The facilities in- clude an Advanced Wood Processing Laboratory with $1.5 million of state-of-the-art equipment, continuing education classrooms, computer lab and offices that showcase Canadian value-added wood products. Important milestones have also been achieved in the Centre's four major industry focused initiatives: • Education Programs This year was marked by a major achievement, the graduation of the first class of undergraduate Wood Products Processing students. This class o f t en pioneers is being recruited by the top companies in Canada. The Centre's undergrad- uate program activities in 1998 continued to be the development of curriculum and teaching. Faculty and staff in CAWP developed and taught 11 courses that form the core of the program designed to produce specialists targeted for Canadian industry. The Centre also manages the Wood Products Processing Co-operative Education program. Since 1995, the Co-op program has enjoyed 100 per cenl placement 1998 was no exception with 62 job placements in Canada, the U.S. and Japan. • Continuing Education Continuing education is a high priority at the Centre. In 1998, 14 workshops, conferences and programs were offered. These ranged from the International Value-added Wood Processing Conference and the Wood Finishing Day to workshops on Tooling and Machining for Secondary Wood Processing and Quality Control. This year also marked the premier of the UBC Kiln Drying Certificate program. CAWP will continue to develop world leading programs with a strong emphasis on UBC accredited certificate courses. The future programs will include: • Quality Management and Control: upgrade personnel skills to develop quality plans, statistical process control and customer feed- back systems for the wood industry. • Wood Finishing: transfer advanced technology and upgrade personnel expertise in traditional and low-emission, fast-drying finishes. • Extension The focal point of our Canadian Industry exten- sion program is the Wood Products Quality Council of Canada (WPQCC). The WPQCC is organized by seven faculty and staff members and is directed by an industry advisory board. In 1998, the council developed and provided workshops in quality control, wood products testing services, technical support, and began the quality certification of two companies. In 1999, the council will certify two companies in the WPQCC quality system. The Centre also offers extension support in tooling and machining, machine design, market- ing and market research, product construction and design, lumber drying, wood finishing, and production planning and control. • Applied Research Applied research at the Centre is conducted by a growing number of interdisciplinary UBC faculty associates, and other world-renowned researchers. 1998 marked two important mile- stones. The first was the successful completion of two projects: A Field Evaluation and Perfor- mance Benchmarking of Automatic Chop Saws and Researching a Shared Use Manufacturing Facility as a Test Model for Forest Dependant Communities. The second was the Canada Foundation for Innovation financial award for the new Advanced Wood Processing Systems Laboratory. This laboratory will conduct research into advanced wood processing techno- logy, product quality improvement and wood products imaging technology. The Centre has a number of projects currently underway including: • Japanese consumer preferences in product quality. • Real-time statistical process control technolo- gies using computer vision. • Advanced optimizing chop saw algorithms. • Needs analysis for the value-added wood industry. ^ Q v v p '^j/tmfc e n t r e for Advanced ~~ I Wood Processing CENTRE FOR ADVANCED WOOD PROCESSING MANESS, Thomas B.S.F., M.Sc., Ph.D. Director, Centre for Advanced Wood Processing Phone: 822-2150 E-mail: maness® interchg.ubc.ca BRISEBOIS, Larry Tooling & Machining Specialist FISCHER, Joachim Quality Certification Specialist FOLEY, Dallas Computer Software Engineer FORGET, Christine Cooperative Education Coordinator GRAHAM, Peggy Editorial Assistant HERDEG, Kai Furniture Testing Specialist JOHNSTON, Wendy Program Coordinator MacDONALD, lain Events Manager WONG, Darrell Assistant Director Tooling & Machining Team Leader WONG, Ken Quality Certification Specialist WRAY, Tom Facilities Manager ZHAO, Jay LAN Manager Pliuiie. (004) G22-C448 Fax: (604)822-9159 Web site: www.cawp.ubc.ca Centre Associates Avramidis, Stavros Brumelle, Shelby Cohen, David Cramond, Pat Ellis, Simon Kozak, Robert Lawrence, Peter Schajer, Gary Schuetze, Hans Troczynski, Tom Yellowley, Ian 1998 Annual Report 4 7 CENTRE FOR APPLIED CONSERVATION BIOLOGY BUNNELL, Fred L. B.S.F. (Hons.), Ph.D., R.P.Bio. Director, Centre for Applied Conservation Biology Phone: (604)822-5928 E-mail: fbunnell@interchg.ubc.ca Ann C. Allaye Chan-Mcleod B.S.F., M.Sc., Ph.D. Associate Director Phone: (604) 822-8287 E-mail: allaye @ interchg.ubc.ca BULL, Jennifer Research Assistant/Technican CHAN, Ivy Financial Clerk HOUDE, Isabelle Research Assistant/Technician JOHNSON, Jacklyn Adminstrative Assistant KLIMUK, Diane Research Assistant/Technician REECE, Pam Research Assistant/Technician SHATFORD, Jeff Research Assistant/Technician VERNIER, Pierre Research Scientist WELLS, Ralph DSS Research Coordinator WIND, Elke Research Assistant/Technician Fax: (604)822-5410 THE Centre for Applied Conservation Biology in the Faculty of Forestry promotes conserva- tion of biological diversity while maintaining economic development. This Centre is unique in its incorporation of a novel undergraduate program, broad definition of educational targets, close links between basic and applied disciplines, and focus on forested ecosystems where conflicts between biological diversity and economic activities are most contentious. The Centre welcomes Dr. Peter Arcese in the newly created FRBC Chair of Conservation Biology. Dr. Arcese will provide a lead role in the Centre's education, extension, and research mandates. • Education Our educational program has three elements: an affiliated undergraduate program, a rapidly growing graduate program, and short courses for target audiences such as professional foresters, resource managers, the public and the public media. We are closely linked to the Faculty's under- graduate B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conserva- tion) program. That interdisciplinary program, which includes a suite of natural and social science courses, was recently awarded the Alfred Scow Award for exceptional contributions to the student experience and learning environment at UBC. The program was lauded for, among other things, its demonstrated consideration for the broad range of student needs, and its openness and flexibility. The "Seminar in Biological Conservation" series combines graduate level instruction and public lectures on important conservation issues. (See Special Lectures section in this report.) Centre Associates Sally Aitken Laurie Kremsater Michael Pitt Peter Arcese Kathy Martin John Richardson Bruce Bury Bruce McLellan Kermit Ritland Susan Glenn Laura Nagel Jim Rochelle Alton Harestad Gene Namkoong David Shackleton Scott Hinch John Nelson Casey van Kooten Pamela Krannitz • Extension Outreach employs a variety of approaches. Centre personnel worked closely with the Enhanced Forest Management Pilot Projects and Innovative Forest Practices Agreements. That work is intended to develop credible ways of sustaining biological diversity in managed forests. The pamphlet series was changed from 8-panel pamphlets to single pages to encompass more topics; again with support from the Fred L. Bunnell Director Canadian Wildlife Service. More than 50 talks were given by Centre members to professional groups in North America and Europe. Contact with First Nations was sustained by having graduate students on-site in First Nations communities. Centre members are intimately involved in refining those aspects of the B.C. Forest Practices Code and Oregon Forest Practices Act that are creating unintended consequences for biological diversity. • Research Interdisciplinary, cooperative research is the key to answering the broad questions of conser- vation biology. We are testing conservation biology theories in the context of forested eco- systems and intend to apply this knowledge to managed forests, parks and natural areas. Among the larger projects currently underway are: • Leadership within the Sustainable Forest Management Network of Centres of Excellence, a national research program focused on Canada's boreal forests (Dr. F. Bunnell). • Inventory and research on the ecology and genetics of tailed frog and Pacific giant salamander populations as these are influ- enced by forest practices (Drs. F. Bunnell, J. Richardson and K. Ritland). • Development of monitoring systems for variable retention and structure-based forest management (Dr. F. Bunnell). • A decision-support tool evaluating economic and biological consequences of forest plan- ning at the landscape level (Drs. F. Bunnell and J. Nelson). • Definition and analysis of effectiveness of cor- ridors (Drs. S. Glenn and A. Chan-McLeod). • Physiological and behavioural response of resident stream salmonids to riparian logging practices (Dr. S. Hinch). • A comparative study of cavity nesters in a variety of forest types (Drs. F. Bunnell and K. Martin). • Metapopulation dynamics and biodiversity ot high elevation ecosystems (Dr. K. Martin). 4 8 UBC Faculty of Forestry SILVICULTURE & FOREST ENGINEERING INST. OF B.C. Canclace E.B. Parsons Executive Director IN 1998, the Silviculture Institute of British Columbia (SIBC) amalgamated with the Institute of Forest Engineering of British Columbia (IFEBC) to form the new Silviculture and Forest Engineering Institute of British Columbia (SFEIBC). SFEIBC's goal is to raise the level of forest practices in B.C. through advanced continuing education. The following programs are offered annually: • UBC Diploma in Forestry (Advanced Silviculture) - for registered professional foresters (RPFs) - co-sponsored by the Faculty of Forestry. • UBC Diploma in Forest Engineering - for professional foresters, engineers and geoscientists - co-sponsored by the Faculties of Forestry and Applied Science (Civil Engineering). • Technical Module Program (Advanced Silviculture) - for forest technologists and technicians. • Silviculture 1&2 Correspondence Courses - for Foresters-in-Training and Pupils. Both professional diploma programs consist of 12 weeks of advanced continuing education delivered to practising professionals employed by industry, consulting and government from all parts of the province. Instructors, many of whom donate volunteer time to the Institute, are ci.awn from academia, government, industry and con- sulting. We are grateful to the following indivi- duals from the UBC Faculty of Forestry for their involvement and support: G. Baskerville (professor emeritus). D. Bendickson, C. Binkley (former Dean), D. Cohen, K. Day, J. Fannin, M. Feller, J.P. Kimmins, K. Klinka, A. Kozak, D. Lavender (professor emeritus), P. Marshall. J.A. McLean, S. Mitchell, J. Nelson, C. Power, H. Samson, P. Sanders, R. Sidle, B. van der Kamp, G. Weetman and P. Wood. We are grateful for financial support from Forest Renewal BC and thank all our volunteers and other supporters from UBC, the Ministry of Forests, the forest industry, UNBC and the Canadian Forest Service for helping us to achieve our 13th year of excellence. ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1998-99 Forest Engineering Diploma Program (4 modules) 93 Technical Program (3 modules) 44 Correspondence Courses (Silviculture 1&2) 36 Silviculture Diploma Program (4 modules) 53 SFEIBC participants by program 1998 - 1999 Our alumni now total 205 professional and 20 technical graduates. Other achievements this year include the development and first-time delivery of Modules 3 and 4 of the Diploma in Forest Engineering Program. PLANS FOR 1999-00 SFEIBC will finalize the program review of the Diploma in Forestry (Advanced Silviculture) which involves an examination of all current curriculae in light of changing client needs and demographics. The results of a marketing plan designed by a group of fourth year UBC Commerce students will be reviewed and imple- mented to attract new students. Modules 5 and 6 of the Diploma in Forest Engineering Program will be developed and delivered. PARSONS, Candace E.B. B.S.F., R.P.F. Executive Director Silviculture & Forest Engineering Institute of B.C. BOWDEN, Robert K. D.Phil., P.Eng. Program Manager Forest Engineering PICKF0RD, Joanne D. B.S.F., R.P.F. Program Manager Silviculture HALL, Mary J. B.A. Program Assistant KOHLS, Jodi L. B.A. Program Assistant SFEIBC Board of Directors Directors Representing W.E. Dumont. Chair Association of BC Professional Foresters R.E. Carter Forest Industry (Silviculture) J.G. Chittick Forest Industry (Forest Engineering) B.W. Chow Div. of Engineers and Geoscientists in the Forest Sector (APEGBC) J.A. Dickinson Canadian Forest Service D.A. Dobson Consulting Engineers and Geoscientists R.J. Fannin University Civil Engineering Education G.E. Lester Students and graduates J.N. MacFarlane Consulting Foresters A.W.J. Sinclair Forest Engineering Research J.D. Sutherland Ministry of Forests G.F. Weetman University Forestry Education Phone: (604) 224-7800/3570 Fax: (604)224-7010 E-mail: sibc@interchg.ubc.ca ifebc@interchg.ubc.ca 1998 Annual Report 4 9 INTER- NATIONAL FORESTRY PROGRAMS E-mail: SCHINNERL, Sandra B.Comm. Associate Director Phone: (604)822-9627 Fax: (604)822-8645 sandra@interchg.ubc.ca THE International Forestry Programs (IP) office had a very busy and productive year. New projects are underway and existing programs continue to thrive. Participation from faculty and students remains strong and our international ties strengthen as we reach out to the international community and forge closer ties. Below is a list of highlights for the year. • International Exchange and Internships The exchange program continues to expand and attract more students both incoming and out- going. In fact, Forestry student involvement continues to exceed university targets for inter- nationalization and participation in exchange. This past year 19 UBC Forestry students went on exchange and 27 exchange students came into the Faculty. Exchange students participated in university exchange programs in the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Costa Rica, Chile, Germany, Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy, Switzerland and Taiwan. The work internship program continues to grow and assists in providing UBC forestry students and recent graduates international work experiences in Finland, the United Kingdom. Indonesia, Mexico, Uruguay and Argentina. The Malcolm Knapp Research Forest also hosts an number of international students throughout the year and is a major supporter of international programs for the Faculty. • New Canada-European Union Student Mobility Consortium An exciting new program is being launched with the support of the Canada-EU student mobility grant. The consortium includes four Canadian universities (UBC, UNB, UoIT and U of Quebec) and ten European partners including the Univer- sity of Aberdeen, Albert-Ludwig University Freiburg, Universitaire de Gembloux, University of Helsinki, Universita di Padova, Swedish Uni- versity of Agricultural Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences, Vienna, Wageningen Agri- cultural University and the University of Wales. The major objective of the program is to promote student mobility at both the graduate and undergraduate levels amongst the partner institutions. This can be done via student exchange, training sessions, short term tours and research/study visits. The grant was awarded in 1998 and the program begins September 1999 for three years. These funds will provide additional assistance for our students wishing to study at partner institutions. Sandra Schinnerl Associate Director • International Faculty Research and Projects Many of our faculty are involved in international research initiatives. Some highlights include: • Interdisciplinary research projects continue on behalf of the Winter Research Institute- Fuyusoken in Hokkaido, Japan. Publications on topics including bioregionalism and wood construction in Japan are currently underway. (Research conducted by David Cohen and Ray Cole). • A Peter Wall funded conference, "Linking Forest Sustainability to Aesthetics" attracted leading ecologists and landscape architects to the UBC campus in February. See the web site www.forestry.ubc.ca/pwall/default.htm for details of the conference proceedings organized by Stephen Sheppard. • Training projects under the Turkish Agricul- tural Research Project are currently being held on campus (Forest Modelling and Carbon Storage). • International Forestry Specialization The International Forestry Specialization was launched this year with five students. This specialization, which can be taken in coordina- tion with both the Forest Science and Forest Management undergraduate programs, allows students to fulfill the core requirements of their main degree program, while learning a new language, developing knowledge of a specific region, and participating in either an international study or work experience. The objective is to educate students on international forestry issues and better understand Canada 's role in the international forestry arena. • Future Events and Projects To increase the internationalization of the Faculty even further we wish to concentrate on facilitating relevant international research at the graduate level and improve the ways in which we attract and provide support to inter- national students studying within the faculty. Next year's projects will concentrate on these objectives and maintaining high quality student programs, and liaison activities for faculty members pursuing international research. 5 0 UBC Faculty of Forestry FIRST NATIONS FORESTRY PROGRAMS Madeleine Maclvor Coordinator THE Faculty's First Nations initiatives are directed towards four areas of activity: 1. increasing the participation of First Nations students in the Faculty; 2. providing support services to First Nations students; 3. incorporating First Nations perspectives and issues within the Forestry curriculum, and 4. creating awareness, within the University and the wider community, about First Nations perspectives and issues in Forestry. In the 1998/99 academic year, there were 17 self-identified First Nations students within the Faculty, representing 2 per cent of the Forestry students. Of these, 12 students were enrolled in the Forest Resources Management program, two students were in the Natural Resources Conserva- tion program, and three students were studying at the Masters level. Of the 17 students, nine are female and eight are male. Ages ranged from 21 to 52 years, with the average age being 30 years. Students came from the following First Nations: • Cree • Okanagan • Kwakwaka'wakw • Oweekeno • Metis • Shuswap • Mohawk • Sto:lo • Nisga'a • Tahltan • Nuxalk • Wet'suwet'en • Ojibway In November of 1998, one student graduated. Another two students are on track for spring graduation. A major focus of this year's activities has been recruitment. In addition to responding to individual inquiries and on-campus visits, presentations were made in classrooms or at career fairs in the following communities: Merritt, Campbell River, Chilliwack, Courtenay, Duncan, Fort St. John, Fort St. James, Fraser Lake, Mount Currie, Penticton, Smithers, Vancouver, and Williams Lake. In 1998, administrative responsibility for the First Nations Professional Sciences Access Program (FNPSAP) moved from Applied Sciences to Forestry. Over the year we have worked closely with students and staff in FNPSAP, and completed a review of the program. Unfortunately, the program will not continue. In its absence, we are committed to providing support to all continuing FNPSAP students. In addition, we are working closely with First Nations House of Learning to identify alternative ways to increase access for First Nations students in the sciences. The resource library has expanded and is being well utilized by students exploring First Nations issues and forestry. The planned development of a searchable database will enhance the usefulness of these resources. We continue to work with faculty on incorporating First Nations content into the curriculum and other activities. A web site for Conservation 370: Perspectives on First Nations and Forest Lands is under construction. In addition to course information, the site will include student projects. We are collaborating with the Katzie First Nation on field activities for Forestry 451 (Spring Camp). We expect to contribute to the development of new B .S.F. curriculum over the summer months. Speakers at the annual careers night address- ed opportunities in working with First Nations. The Students for Forestry Awareness hosted First Nations speakers on their panels dealing with community forestry and the Nisga'a Treaty. A growing number of students are writing papers about relevant First Nations issues. It is an honour to be working in a context where such initiatives are encouraged and supported. ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1998-99 • Increased enrolment of First Nations students (from 15 to 17). • Undertook extensive recruiting activities. • Reviewed the First Nations Professional Sciences Access Program. • Continued to work on First Nations curriculum initiatives. PLANS FOR 1999-00 • Increase the enrolment ot hirst Nations students in Forestry. • Provide support for First Nations forestry and continuing FNPSAP students. • Explore ways to increase access for First Nations students in the sciences. • Work with Nicola Valley Institute of Technology to develop a laddering process to Faculty programs. • Incorporate First Nations content into the B.S.F. curriculum. MaclVOR, Madeleine B.Ed., M.A. Coordinator First Nations Forestry Programs Phone: (604)822-0651 Fax: (604) 822-8645 E-mail: macivor@interchg.ubc.ca 1998 Annual Report 5 1 FACULTY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM NELSON, Douglas B.A. Development Officer Phone: (604)822-8716 Fax: (604) 822-8645 E-mail: doug.nelson@ubc.ca THE forest sector in British Columbia continues to be in the midst of an incredible transition. The challenges of today are forcing industry to ask questions and seek solutions that were unheard of not so many years ago. Through this time of change, alumni, friends, foundations, corporations, faculty members and students continue to support the Faculty and its endeavours. Forest conservation, forest management and wood processing require specialized levels of knowledge to ensure the efficient and proper use of our forests. Private sector donations help us generate innovative and effective solutions to forest issues and prepare our students for careers in forestry and forest-related professions. This support also allows researchers and students alike to pose questions that might not otherwise be considered. We extend our sincere appreciation to every- one who contributed their time and resources to help us ensure that UBC remains a world leader in forestry education. • Designated Areas of Support The Faculty of Forestry received close to seven hundred gifts from donors in the past year. Private contributions to the Faculty totalled $852,990 and were directed to the following areas: Area of designation $ raised % of total $ raised Awards 50,000 5.8 Forest Sciences Centre 62,425 7.3 Forestry Initiatives 586,146 68.7 Forestry - Dean's Office 154,419 18.2 Total donations $852,990 100% • Forestry Alumni Continue their Support Once again Forestry alumni have made a significant contribution to the Faculty through the UBC Fund. More than six hundred former students contributed an average of $78 per person bringing the total funds raised to $45,886 for 1998-1999. The ongoing support of alumni is an important part of maintaining and enhancing any fundraising effort within the Faculty. Thank you to all those alumni who gave and all the volunteers who made the effort possible. In the years to come the alumni program will continue to be a pivotal component of the fundraising effort. Douglas Nelson Development Officer • Graduating Students Commit to Class Act Students have also joined the fundraising team, with the Class Act program. Prior to graduating, students are already committing their support to the Faculty of Forestry. The 1998-1999 class has received commitments and pledges of over $5,000. Forestry students are leaving a perma- nent reminder of the vitality and achievement of their graduating class. We commend and thank the donors to the Class Act program for their generous spirit. PLANS FOR 1999-00 • Enhance and expand the annual alumni campaign. • Increase alumni participation rate in the annual campaign. • Strengthen alumni and donor relations with the Faculty of Forestry. • Steward and recognize donors to the recent Forest Sciences Centre campaign. • Increase the financial support available to our students. It is our priority to ensure that our forestry programs are accessible to high caliber students, by providing equal access to those students with financial limitations. With the help of our alumni, friends, faculty and students the year ahead promises to be one of success on many fronts. 5 2 UBC Faculty of Forestry SPECIAL LECTURES H.R. MACMILLAN LECTURES AND COURSE SPONSORSHIP • Conservation Biology Lectures We invited internationally known members of the scientific community to UBC to participate in Conservation 500, a graduate seminar course in conservation biology. Dr. John Richardson organized the lecture series and taught the course. The Lecture Series is made possible by a grant from the H.R. MacMillan Family Fund. The following scientists gave public lectures: Jennifer L. Ruesink Biodiversity Research Centre & UBC Forest Sciences Department • Community structure and resistance to biological in vasions. Erica Dunn Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa • Risk and responsibility: A multi-purpose priority-setting system applied to Canada's land birds. Michael Bradford Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada. • The conservation of southern British Columbia colio salmon. Jerry O. Wolf f Department of Biology, University of Memphis • /•! population viability analysis based on habitat quality and life history traits. Dave Roberts Utah State University • Simulating landscape vegetation dynamicr of Biyce Canyon National Park with the Vital Attributes/Fuzzy Systems Model VA FS/LANDSIM. Tom D. Nudds University of Guelph • Use of estimated "pristine" species-area relations as null models for evaluating size and integrity standards for protected areas: an update. Gordon Blankstein Mountainview Farm and Breeding Facility • Ex situ breeding of endangered cats. John Spence University of Alberta • Sustainable forest management: What have the bugs got to do with it? A m a n d a Vincent McGill University • Complexities of conservation: seahorses as a case study. David Lindenmayer Australian National University • The Tumut landscape experiment — a large- scale study to examine the response of vertebrates to landscape context and habitat fragmentation effects. John Richardson UBC Faculty of Forestry • Restoration ecology, and attempts at river restoration around the world. • Conservation 451 (Integrated Field School) During the fall term, a new 15-credit integrated field course was organized by Laura Nagel (instructor in Conservation Biology) in colla- boration with Profs. Michael Feller, Susan Glenn, Scott Hinch and David Tindall. The course, taught for the second time this past fall, consists of several modules focusing on different ecosystems in B.C. The innovative format is part of an attempt to teach students about the complex issues surrounding conserva- tion more effectively than through traditional learning from textbook examples. Over 30 speakers participated in both classroom and field activities. These speakers ranged from internationally known experts on science and environmental policy to representatives from all levels of government, workers in resource-based fields, First Nations groups and a broad range of NGOs as well as interested individuals. The participation of these speakers was made possible by a grant to the Faculty of Forestry from the H.R. MacMillan Family Fund and by funds received from the UBC Teaching and Learning Enhancement Fund. 1998 Annual Report 5 3 SPECIAL LECTURES STUDENTS FOR FORESTRY AWARENESS • Public Lecture Series Students for Forestry Awareness (SFA) is an independent, student organization that has been in existence at UBC for over ten years. The mandate of the SFA is to dispense information, promote communication and spark reflection about aspects of the art, science and practice of forestry. The SFA lecture series is open to all members of the university community as well as the general public. Lectures are given in the Forest Sciences Centre every Thursday at 12:30 p.m. during the fall and spring terms. Speakers and topics for the 1998/99 academic year included: Jennifer G o o d m a n B.C. Parks Legacy Project • B. C. 's park legacy project: A vision for our protected areas system. Paul Mitchel Banks, Central Coast Consulting (moderator) Cheri Burda, Laurie Vaughn and David Haley, UBC Facultry of Forestry (speakers) • Community forestry forum-wave of the future? Dwight Yochim Assocation of BC Professional Foresters • Why should the public rely on Professional Foresters? Ben Parfitt Author • The second coming: Will tomorrow's forests be our salvation or undoing. Hamish Kimmins, UBC Faculty of Forestry (moderator) Daniel Botkin, George Manson University, Jeffery Burley, Oxford Forestry Institute, and David Brand, State Forests of New South Wales, Australia (speakers) • International eco certification panel. George Abbot Liberal Forestry Critic. MLA • Challenges and opportunities in B. C. 's forest sector. G r a h a m Lee Truck Loggers Association • Industry in turmoil. Bill Beese MacMillan Bloedel Ltd. • Variable retention: A silviculture system to cariy us into the 21" century? Hosny E-Lakany U.N. Food & Agric. Organization • Towards a global forest. Eric Anderson Federation of BC Woodlot Associations • The woodlot sector in B.C.: Current status and prospects for growth. Roslyn Kunin, The Laurier Institute, Collier Azak, Nisga'a Tribal Council, Patrick Kelly, Consultant, and Phil Symington, Aboriginal Affairs Branch, BCMoF (panel speakers) • The Nisga'a Treaty effects on forest management. Kate Smal lwood B.C. Endangered Species Coalition • B. C. endangered species: Implications on B. C. forest management. Jane Perry Assocation of BC Professional Foresters • Professional forestiy issues in B. C. Roger Stanyer Forest Renewal of BC • Forest Renewal BC: Then and now. 5 4 UBC Faculty of Forestry  PRODUCTION INFORMATION This Annual Report was prepared on an IBM PC AT compatible computer using Microsoft Word for Windows 95 Version 7.0. A final camera-ready impression was produced using an HP Laserjet 5M printer. Cover: Cornwall cover coated one side 10 pt. Text: Resolve coated matte 80 lbs. Questions concerning this report or requests for mailing list updates, deletions or additions should be directed to: Dr. Susan Watts Annual Report Editor Faculty of Forestry, Dean's Office University of British Columbia 2nd Floor, Forest Sciences Centre 2005-2424 Main Mall Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4 CANADA Phone: (604) 822-6316 Fax: (604) 822-8645 E-mail: suwatts@interchg.ubc.ca Printed in Canada on recycled paper. UBC Faculty of Forestry Home Page Location: http://www.forestry.ubc.ca Student Infoimation ' Programs of Stuct/ Department* & Affi l iated Units ' • . * * First Nations Initiatives People >* Facilit ies o Research Forests Publications & Events «* Alumni & Fundraising ; U Other Forestry Links ^ E m p l o y m e n t Opportunities F e e d b a c k Netscape - (UBC Faculty ot Forestry - Home Page] Ei!e Edit View Qu Bookmarks Qptions Qirectary iyindow Help Location, jhttp /www foiesby ubc ca/ ^ .7 , hi at .nVr;. E&1K *t.«p|.ifi»H "bool (COHS 4J1) -dial Document. Oone The Faculty of Forestry World Wide Web site features: • academic program details; • profiles of Faculty members; • department and allied program descriptions; • online Faculty newsletters and special event announcements. Any comments or suggestions about our World Wide Web site can be addressed to Wendy Atkinson, Web Administrator, at (604) 822-2176 or e-mail atkinso@interchg.ubc.ca. Faculty of Forestry, Dean's Office University of British Columbia 2nd Floor, Forest Sciences Centre 2005-2424 Main Mall Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4 CANADA Phone: (604)822-2727 Fax: (604) 822-8645 06/99/6500


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