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Branchlines, Vol. 8, no. 2 Watts, Susan B.; University of British Columbia. Faculty of Forestry Sep 30, 1997

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F A C U L T Y Volume 8 No. 2 September, 1997 From the Dean's Desk Strategic Planning in the Faculty of Forestry SEVEN years ago this September the Faculty of Forestry started the first round of a strategic planning exercise and in 1994 completed a second. Our objective was to respond af f i rmat ive ly to the emerg ing needs of society related to education and research in forestry — forest conservation, management , p roducts and product ion processes. Through the hard work of the faculty and staff, the thoughtful advice of the Forestry Advisory Council and the support of our alumni and others, we have been able to accomplish a great deal: • a major review of the professional for- estry program, with extensive revisions currently underway (see page 5) and the establishment of a Diploma in Forestry (Advanced Silviculture) in collaboration with the Silviculture Institute of BC; • a new B. Sc. program in Natural Resources Conservation (apparently the first of its kind in Canada), and the establishment of our Centre for Applied Conservation Biology to bring the scientific informa- tion from conservation biology to the management of forests in B.C. and else- where in the world; • a new, innovative initiative in wood products education and research, includ- ing a five-year, co-op B.Sc. program in W o o d P roduc t s P rocess ing and the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing; • establishment of the BC Forestry Con- tinuing Studies Network in collabora- tion with UNBC, University College of the Cariboo, Malaspina College, Selkirk Col lege and N o r t h w e s t C o m m u n i t y College; • an emerging presence in international forestry through conferences, research projects and student exchanges; • appointment of 20 new faculty mem- bers (representing almost 50% faculty renewal), many of whom carry joint appointments with such departments as Agricultural Economics, Landscape Architecture, Civil Engineering, Me- chanical Engineering, Sociology and Political Science. • development of a strong cadre of profes- sional management staff to handle the administration of the Faculty, student services (recruiting, counselling, and job placement, and faculty development). As a consequence of these developments, our enrolment has grown to the highest in the history of the Faculty, with 620 under- graduates, 212 graduate students and 110 diploma students. At the same time, our research program has expanded to make the Faculty of Forestry the most research intensive faculty in one of Canada 's most research-intensive universities. And many faculty members are directly involved with forestry issues with government, industry and environmental organizations. These developments in the Faculty — and changing needs of society — suggest a need to re-engage strategic planning. Faced with declining government support (we have taken budget cuts over this period totalling about 15%), how can we sustain excellence? How should we organize our- selves to best meet society's needs for forestry education, research and service? What new areas should we develop and what old ones should we drop? The new President of the University, Dr. Martha Piper, is initiating a similar effort for the University, so renewed plan- ning within the Faculty is particularly appropriate at this moment. Her first step will be to prepare a "white paper" on the societal context that frames university de- cisions. She intends to circulate this paper widely with interested individuals such as yourself. With that and other input, during the next three months we plan to articulate the directions for the Faculty into the next millennium. Your thoughts and advice on these questions are particularly welcome. Strategic planning usefully evolves from a clear understanding of the context for decisions. To this end, we are particu- larly interested in your thoughts on: • what are the most significant societal trends affect ing fores t ry—conser - vation, management, products and production processes? • what are the key challenges that will face forestry in the next five to ten years? • what specific actions should the UBC Faculty of Forestry be taking to re- spond to these challenges? Please send your response by letter, f ax ( 6 0 4 ) 8 2 2 - 8 6 4 5 or e -ma i l binkley@unixg.ubc.ca. Unless you tell us otherwise, I will plan to share your comments with our plan- ning committee and the faculty more broadly. Clark S. Binkley Forest Resources Management Department RESEARCH HIGHLIGHT Landslide initiation in clearcuts The follow-up work at Jamieson Creek has involved installation of an automated groundwater moni tor ing system, with radio-telemetry of data to UBC for analy- sis during storm aetivity this winter and spring. It is intended to characterize trigger mechanisms at a site where failure has occurred, and validate the applicability of proposed new techniques. Jamieson Creek landslide coast of Vancouver Island, and Holberg Inlet near Port Hardy, was selected for a university/government/industry study at UBC to deve lop improved tools and techniques for assessing potentially un- stable terrain. Partners on the project were the BCMoF, MacMillan Bloedcl, Western Forest Products and NSERC. Fieldwork has included measurements of soil strength (centre photo) and, in recent fo l low-up work suppor ted by F R B C (1996/98), g roundwater parameters at the headscarp of the Jamieson Creek slide (right photo). Soil strength parameters have been found to be very similar at each of the four sites, Field shear strength testing to very significant localized terrain. It is a crucial factor in the triggering of land- slides. A companion interpretation of long-term groundwater records at Carna- tion Creek , in par tnersh ip with the Canadian Forest Service, reveals the potential for occasional, large pulses of water pressure in the hillslope soils. Although the phenomenon is understood, the new analysis suggests these ground- water pressures exhibit long-term trends that are well-suited to incorporation in a risk-based approach to assessment of slope stability. Groundwater monitoring probe This research is intended to improve the ways in which we map and assess landslide- prone terrain. Thanks and recognition are given to the many individuals in govern- ment and industry who have contributed to the success of this collaborative work, and the related graduate studies of John Wilkinson and Jussi Jaakkola. For further information on landslide initiation and runout contact Dr. Jonathan Fannin, P. Eng., at (604) 822-3133; fax (604) 822-9106 or e-mail fannin@civil.ubc.ca.• WINTER storm activity led to a series of landslides in the watersheds of the GVRD in 1990/91, including the debris (low at Jamieson Creek ( l e f t photo). This site, together with three others at Sand River and Carnation Creek on the west lending confidence to development of regionally-based techniques incorporat- ing quantitative as well as qualitative factors. Interestingly, the strength values are consistently higher than previous studies in the Pacific-Northwest suggest. Groundwater behaviour is generally con- trolled by regional features, but subject DEPARTMENT NEWS T i ie face of the Department is changing. We have two new members. Dr. Roy Sidle, a hydrologist, has joined us by accepting the Forest Renewal BC (FRBC) Chair in Forest Hydrology which is a joint posi- tion with the Department of Geography. Also, Dr. Stephen Shepperd has accepted a joint position, this one between Forest Resources Management and Landscape Architecture. The search for the FRBC Chair in forest management continues, as it is proving to be difficult to locate appropriate candidates. On the other side of the ledger Dr. Joe McNeel, who taught in the Operations program, has left to take a position in West Virginia. Patrick Matakala, a Ph.D. graduate who served as a lecturer for several years, has left the Department to work for FAO. The latter two are something of a homecoming for Joe and Patrick and we wish them well. We are current ly search ing for an instructor in Forest Operations to assist in our undergraduate teaching and field schoo l s . • Branch Lines — Wood Science Department RESEARCH HIGHLIGHT New lumber properties for Japanese "2x4" housing THE Japanese bui ld ing codes for the "2x4" and the traditional Japanese post and beam ("P and B") house are being revised by the Japanese Ministry of Con- struction (MoC) as part of a broad effort to open building products markets, increase competitiveness and reduce building costs. In early 1997, the Ministry of Construc- tion approved a new performance-based design standard for Japanese "2x4" hous- ing. In August 1997, the MoC assigned new engineering design properties for Canadian Table 1 Design properties for Canadian and U.S. dimension lumber in Japan (units: kg f/cm2) S p e c i e s G r a d e Old c o d e N e w code (all s izes) 2 x 4 2 x 1 0 D-Fi r SS 140 122 83 N 2 100 72 4 9 H e m - F i r (N) SS 120 103 7 0 N 2 9 0 8 0 54 S P F SS 110 102 6 9 N 2 7 5 72 4 9 H e m - F i r (US) SS 120 115 7 8 N 2 9 0 6 9 4 7 DEPARTMENT NEWS T h e undergraduate Wood Products Pro- cessing Program attracted 34 new stu- dents (Year 1: 22; Year 2: 11 and Year 3:1) for September 1997 — the most new students ever. The total undergraduate enrolment stands at 75 students. Industry interest in the students remains high. All students eligible for the Coop program were placed successfully in industry. Our graduate program is the key compo- nent of our education and research mis- sion. The Graduate program enrolment in- and U.S. dimension lumber1 used in the "2x4" housing system. Procedures for calculating design properties for lumber differ from the previous Japanese prac- tices in two fundamental ways. First, the new design properties include a larger safety factor. The safety factor of 2.1 in "old" "2x4" code2 was increased to 3 so that design properties for visually graded dimension lumber are now consistent with other wood products. Second, the MoC adopted the practice of calculating design properties from tests of full size members. Bending strength properties for Dou- glas-fir, Canadian Hem-Fir, SPF and US Hem-Fir are summarized in Table 1. In- creasing the safety factor and introduc- ing full-size test data (including size effects) has reduced design stresses for Canadian and US lumber and changed species relationships. The new code provisions recognize the superior performance of "2x4" systems over single members. Design stresses are up to 25% higher for floors and roof systems. In addition, the MoC adopted a 50-year basis for design for 2x4 housing creased by 7 to bring the total enrolment to 51 students. Delivering high quality education re- quires that we attract national and inter- national specialists to deliver the under- graduate program. For the Fall term of 97/98, Professor Scholz (wood machin- ing, FH Rosenheim), Dr. Troger (wood machining, U. Stuttgart) , Mr. Mark Bramer (wood processing, Conestoga College) and Mr. Sepp Gmeiner a wood process ing specia l i s t f r o m Schuler Associates , are visiting lecturers in and int roduced new durat ion of load factors which provide for further increases in design properties for "2x4" systems. The new assigned properties and the new performance-based design criteria impact the span tables. For a typical floor system — 15 mm sheathing on 2 x 10 joists spaced at 455 mm — the maximum floors spans (Table 2) have increased for Canadian SPF and Hem-Fir. Table 2 Spans for No. 2 grade 2x10 floor joists Spec ie s Old c o d e N e w c o d e ( m ) ( m ) D-F i r 4 . 5 8 4 . 1 6 H e m - F i r (N) 4 . 2 5 4 . 3 9 S P F 4 . 0 7 4 . 1 6 H e m - F i r ( U S ) 4 . 2 5 4 . 0 8 Performance-based building codes can have a positive impact on markets for "2x4" and "P and B" building products from B.C. The new "2x4" span tables should support further growth in market share for B.C. wood products. The proposed performance- based "P and B" code could create similar opportunities for B.C. products in "P and B" or "hybrid" systems for new multi-storey and semi-fireproof building applications. To fully exploit the potential for B.C. products, we must create state-of-the-art wood building design research programs and participate in performance-based code development in Japan. At UBC, we are col laborat ing with industry to address these research and building code needs internationally. For more information, please contact Dr. J. D. Barrett at (604) 822-5852; fax (604)822- 9104 or e-mail dbarrett@unixg.ubc.ca. • Wood Products Processing. We are pleased to announce that Drs. Paul Morris and David Plackett of Forintek Canada Corp. have been appointed as Ad- junct Professors. Michael Flach, Profes- sor of Construction and Architecture in the School of Architecture in Lyons, France, is visiting UBC to collaborate in the wood building design and construction field. Dr. Stavros Avramidis is taking sabbati- cal leave in Europe. Dr. David Cohen is on sabbatical leave at Forintek Canada Corp.O 'The d imens ion lumber (2x4, 6, 8, 10 and 12) used in Japanese " 2 x 4 " housing sys tem is imported exclusively f r o m Canada and the US. T h e design propert ies were based on a submiss ion m a d e by the Counci l of Forest Industries with technical support f rom UBC. T h e Japanese " 2 x 4 " hous ing sys tem was introduced f rom Canada in the early 1970 's . 'The Hem-Fi r (N) des ignat ion is used to di f ferent ia te Canadian (N) and US Hem-Fir . Branch Lines — Forest Sciences Department RESEARCH HIGHLIGHT The return of dendrochronology to the Forest Sciences Department WE are quite familiar with the estima-tion of the age of a tree by counting the growth rings from a disk or core ex- tracted from the lower part of a tree stem. However, within the growth rings there lies much more information. The growth of trees is affected by year-to-year varia- tion in weather, resulting in a recorded sequence of wide and narrow rings. Trees that show the most pronounced ring pattern in relation to weather con- ditions occur on sites that are sensitive to fluctuations in weather, thus are most likely to reflect the influence of weather in their rings. It is the study of this tree- ring pattern and the assigning of specific dates to the tree rings that forms the basis of the field of dendrochronology, a field that has been applied to a variety of situations. More than 25 years ago our Faculty organized a conference on biology of tree-ring formation, methods of measurements of tree rings, methods of analysis, and uses of tree-ring data (Smith, J. Harry G. and John Worrall. 1970. Tree-ring analysis with special reference to Northwest America. Bulle- tin No. 7, Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia). Dr. Jaroslav Dobry, a visiting scientist from the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, has been at the Forest DEPARTMENT NEWS Effec t ive July 1, 1997, Dr. Cindy Prescott has been appointed as Assistant Professor in Forest Nutrition. Dr. Gordon Weetman has been appointed to the FRBC Endowed Chair in Silviculture. Dr. Tom Sullivan, Associate Professor in Forest Wildlife, resigned as of June 1997. He is currently appointed as an Adjunct Professor in the Department . Dr. Walt Klenner, our first Visiting Professor in Conservation Biology under FRBC, will be Sciences Department for the past five years applying his dendrochronological expertise to British Columbia. Apart from teaching Tom's courses for the current academic year. Drs. Fred Bunnell, Hamish Kimmins and Bart van der Kamp are on sabbatical leave for the current academic year. In August, Dr. John McLean presented a paper on "Silvicultural controls and management of genetic resistance in rapidly growing plantations" at the IUFRO International Forest Insect Work- shop in Chile. John is on administrative leave until July 1988. Dr. Lisa Poirier, helping students, he has been working in two areas, in particular, assigning a date to ecological events, and reconstructing past climate. Dr. Dobry uses a procedure for matching the ring pattern of known dates with the ring pattern from wood of unknown dates in a given area, re- ferred to as crossdating. For example, he has developed chronologies of western redcedar (Thuja plicata), the species mostly avoided because of its complacent growth. This way he deter- mined the date of death of western redcedar snags and downed logs. Dr. Dobry is assisting forest ecologists in stand dynamics studies in old-growth stands. Additionally, he is working on reconstructing the fire history of Douglas-fir stands in the Alex Fraser Research Forest, on Pacific silver fir (Abies amabilis) and western larch (Larix occidentalis) chronologies, and will be attempting to correlate the ring pat tern of lodgepo le pine (Pinus contorta) with bog formation and dynamics in the Prince Rupert area. For further information, please con- tact Dr. Jaroslav Dobry at (604) 822- 3415 or Dr. Karel Klinka at (604) 822- 3047, fax (604) 822-5744 or e-mail klinka @ unixg. ubc. ca. • who has recently joined our Department as a teaching support technician, will be teach- ing his third year entomology class while he is away. Dr. Karel Klinka is producing summa- ries of results of recent studies in silvics and fo r e s t e c o l o g y at his webs i t e : http://www.interchg.ubc.ca/klinka. Dr. Kermit Ritland has been appointed as Associate Editor for the Canadian Journal of Botany and the American Naturalist.Q Dr. Dobry examines a subalpine fir disk for the presence of compression wood in the ESSF zone near Merrill, B. C. Branch Lines — Faculty News New appointments Dr. Roy C. Sidle has joined the Department of Forest Resources Management as Professor and FRBC Chair in Forest Hydrology. This is a joint appointment with the Geography Department. After completing his Ph.D. at Pennsylvania State University in 1976, he was a research hydrologist for the USDA Agricultural Research Service in West Virginia and then moved to Oregon State University where he lead the Watershed Extension Program from 1978 to 1980. Since that time he has been in research and project leadership positions with US Forest Service Research in Juneau, Alaska, and Logan, Utah. His research focused on slope stability, watershed processes, and water quality. For the past 3 years, Roy has been conducting research and managing an international program within IGBP in Denmark and Holland. His current research interests include cumulative water- shed effects, headwater hydrology, and landslide studies. Dr. Sidle can be reached at (604) 822-3169, e-mail sidle@unixg.ubc.ca. Dr. Stephen Sheppard is joining the Faculty of Forestry (Forest Resources Management) and Landscape Architecture Program as Associate Professor. He obtained his M.Sc. in Forestry at UBC in 1976, and his Ph.D. in Environmental Planning at UC Berkeley in 1982. He has worked in private practice in the US and UK for over 20 years, both as a specialist in visual resource management and visualization techniques, and as a senior planner applying GIS and environmental impact assessment techniques. His research inter- ests at UBC will focus on the integration of GIS, computer visualization, and public involvement techniques to support decision-making on forest resource and land planning issues where there are aesthetic or social/community concerns. He is charged with developing a centre of excellence at UBC in this area. He will teach courses in GIS, visual resource management, outdoor recreation and conservation, and open space planning. Dr. Slieppard can be reached at (604) 822-4481, e-mail shep@unixg.ubc.ca. Mr. Pat Cramond has joined UBC as an Instructor in Mechanical Engineering, after spending 23 years in industry, working mainly with forest products processing machines. As Product Develop- ment Engineer for a major B.C. machinery manufacturer, he worked on the design and development of waferizers and blenders for the OSB industry, as well as bandmills, chippers, optimizers, and car- riages for the sawmill industry. Pat is appointed jointly between the Department of Wood Science and the Department of Mechanical Engineering (Faculty of Applied Science). His teaching will include a course on machine component design to forestry students and industry training courses at the new Centre for Advanced Wood Processing. Pat has a B.A.Sc. degree from UBC in Mechanical Engin- eering. He strongly believes that technology can do more to improve quality and produc- tivity in wood processing, and he looks forward to instilling the same belief in others. Mr. Cramond can be reached at (604) 822-1287, e-mail pcramond@mech.ubc.ca. Associate Deans After five years of superb service to the Faculty, Dr. John McLean has taken a well deserved year of administrative leave. In his place, two new associate deans have been named for the upcoming academic year. Dr. Chris Chanway — Associate Dean of Graduate Studies (604)822-3716 Dr. Rob Guy — Associate Dean of Research A (604)822-6023 Branch Lines — Forestry Alumni § 3 Fundraising Campaign The Forestry Alumni Campaign continues to grow each year and now has the highest participation rate of all Faculties on campus. Special thanks go to Gerry Burch for his hard work as campaign chair for the past three years. We must also thank our alumni who have helped us obtain such impressive results. Foresters truly are a generous and cohesive group. Co-chairs for the 1997 campaign are Mr. R.J. (Russ) Clinton, Senior Vice- President, Corporate Development, West Fraser Mills Ltd. and Mr. C.M. (Charlie) Johnson, Chairman, PRT Management Inc. Russ and Charlie are looking forward to working with their fellow Alumni to support forestry education at UBC. Increasing student enrolment is an ex- pression of the high level of education received in the Faculty of Forestry, as well as the growing demand within the forest community for highly qualified people. You will be receiving a phone call this fall from a classmate or fellow alumnus, asking you to support the annual alumni appeal. Your annual gift will help ensure that others have the opportunity to join our ranks as forestry professionals. Funds raised will be used to support under- graduate scholarships, the UBC Research Forests, and the Forestry Endowment Fund. This year's phonathon is scheduled for October 14, 15 and 16th. Forfurther information please contact Tara Scott MacKenzie at (604) 822-8716, fax (604) y822-8645, e-mail tarscott@unixg.ubc.ca. ^ BSF - revised 4-year program At a recent Faculty Meeting the recommen- dations of the review of the BSF (manage- ment) program were considered, and the Faculty chose by vote to continue with a 4- year program. Our thanks go to the hard- w o r k i n g T a s k Fo rce m e m b e r s : Drs. Baskerville, Marshall, Nelson, Tait and van der Kamp. The Curriculum Committee, chaired by Dr. David Haley, has been charged with creating a 4-year program consistent with the intent of the Task Force, and moving this through the University ap- proval process promptly. We hope to have the new program implemented by 1999. FOREST NEWS from the Malcolm Knapp Research Forest EMAN site established W e have a number of long-term research and monitoring projects at the Malcolm Knapp Research Forest. The newest addi- tion is an EMAN site (Ecological Monitor- ing and Assessment Network). This feder- ally initiated network aims to span all eco- zones and to provide comparable data (moni- toring of environmental change) over a long period of time from across the country. We are currently beginning the set-up of our 20-hectare EMAN site in an area bordering Golden Ears Provincial Park. The area includes a small creek and a lake, and a diverse variety of landscapes — everything from small lloodplain areas to rocky outcrops. Two 1 hectare plots will be set aside for monitoring tree growth, and the rest of the area will be available for different kinds of monitoring work. In the initial stages, we plan to monitor water quality, soils, forest invertebrates, trees, herbaceous vegetation, and bird populations. However, we hope that as the EMAN site becomes a long-term project, other envi- ronmental factors will be monitored and added to the common database. So far, several volunteer groups have expressed interest in helping with this project at the Malcolm Knapp Research Forest, and a local high school in Maple Ridge will use the area to teach environmental edu- cation to their brightest science students. In the future, some of these students may be able to assist researchers working in the area. Our EMAN site is an extremely valuable addition to the Research Forest, f r o m an e d u c a t i o n a l , r e sea rch and environmental point of view, and we are very excited to be involved in this cross- country network. For further information, please contact Peter Sanders, Research Forests Director at (604) 463-8148, fax (604) 463-2712 or e-mail sanders @ unixg. ubc.ca. • Undergraduate enrolment These en ro lmen t statistics are pre l iminary and will be finalized in mid October O u r undergraduate enrolment for the 1997/98 session is up 4% from last year and now stands at 620 students (not including visiting and exchange students) — a new record. In total, 224 new students entered the faculty this year (compared with 217 new students in 1996). After a highly successful year of recruiting, the new Wood Prod- ucts Processing Program attracted over 80% more new students than last year. Both the B.S.F. and B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservation) degrees are operating at near capacity, with a to- tal of 388 and 131 students enrolled respectively. New student enrolment reached 131 % of target for the first year of the B.S.F. degree and 140% for the Natural Resources Conserva- tion p rogram. • Number of Students 700 600 500 - 400 - 300 - 200 - 100 620 \ Total enrolment S 224 New enrolment ^ — 79/80 81/82 83/84 85/86 87/88 89/90 91/92 93/94 95/96 97/98 Year Upcoming... Careers Evening Planning is underway for the 6th Annual Careers Evening for all forestry undergraduates. The event will take place on Wednesday, October 29. Guest speakers will be discussing employment options within the resources sector. All alumni are invited! Further information can be obtained from Helen Driscoll, Coordinator of Student Services at (604) 822-3547 or e-mail hdriscol®unixg.ubc.ca. Branch Lines — Upcoming... Schaffer Lecture The Leslie L. Schaffer Lectureship in For- est Sciences was established in 1981 in the memory of Leslie L. Schaffer, D.Sc., f o r m e r E x e c u t i v e V i c e - P r e s i d e n t of Western Plywood Co. Ltd. The fund was established by Mrs. Leslie L. Schaffer to finance lectures and publications by visit- ing forest scientists at the Faculty of Forestry, UBC. This year's Schaffer Lecture will be held on Monday, November 3, 1997, when Dr. Daniel Botkin will speak on "Getting the paradigm right: The essential eco- logical foundation for the conservation and sustainable management of B.C.'s forests." Dr. Botkin is President of the Center for the Study of the Environment, Santa Barbara, CA, and Professor of Bio logy , G e o r g e Mason Univers i ty , Fairfax, VA. The lecture will be held at the Faculty of Forestry in conjunction with an evening of poster displays on faculty and student research. Invitations to this free public event will be mailed out shortly. Further information can be obtained from Dr. Susan Watts at (604) 822-6316 or e-mail suwatts @ tin ixg.ubc. ca. NEWSLETTER PRODUCTION Branch Lines is published by the Faculty of Forestry at the University of British Columbia three times each year. ISSN 1181-9936. http://www.forestry.ubc.ca/ Editor: Susan B. Watts, Ph.D., R.P.F. In-liouse typesetting and layout: Patsy Quay and Susan B. Watts. Ques t ions conce rn ing the news le t t e r or requests for mai l ing list updates , de le t ions or addi t ions should be di rected to Dr. Susan Wat t s , Newsle t t e r Edi tor at: Faculty of Forestry University of British Columbia 270-2357 Main Mall Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4 S (604) 822-63 16 Recycled Paper Fax: (604) 822-8645 E-mail: suwatts@unixg.ubc.ca ©Faculty of Forestry, 1997


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