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Branchlines, Vol. 13, no. 1 Watts, Susan B.; University of British Columbia. Faculty of Forestry Mar 31, 2002

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Volume 13  No. 1 March, 2002 From  the Dean's  Desk s noted in the De- cember 2001 issue of Branch Lines, I con- tinue to press the need to work on the three Rs of forestry, namely, Reinvention, Research and Recruitment. Ex- ternal issues, such as the recently imposed US tariff on our soft- wood lumber, the gradual decline in real commodity prices for our lumber and pulp, and the need to develop alternative products and markets for our wood, will continue to drive “reinvention” of our forest-based industries. The federal government has also recognized the need to reinvent (or at least redirect) large components of Canada’s economy as described in considerable detail in the recent report “Innovation Strategy – Industry Canada, 2002”. This report empha- sizes the role that research will play if the Canadian economy is to stay competitive. As indicated in the Innovation Strategy, Canada ranks 14th in R&D performance among OECD countries. However, the re- port also recommends a doubling of R&D investments by 2010 with the goal of moving Canada into the top five countries that fund R&D. The federal government has already indicated its support of universities being at the forefront of using research as an agent for change by funding the Canada Research Chair (CRC) program, the Canadian Foun- dation for Innovation (CFI) program for infrastructure development and, in the most recent federal budget, the funds for indirect costs of research. For the second year in a row, UBC attracted more CFI dollars than any other Canadian university and we have received funding for centres ranging from “Clean Energy” to our own forestry-based “Bioprocessing Centre”. As part of a re- search-intensive university, with access to facilities that are as good as any in the world, the Faculty of Forestry is well posi- tioned to conduct world-class research. At the same time, the Faculty of Forestry is a significant contributor to UBC’s research portfolio and continues to be second to medicine in terms of research dollars obtain- ed per faculty member. In Vancouver we not only have a univer- sity and various Faculties with expertise in forest-related research, we are fortunate to have all three of Canada’s forest-related research institutes (FERIC, Forintek and Paprican) sited on the UBC campus. This close proximity, and the potential for even greater synergies, was one of the major rea- sons that a panel composed of the three re- search institute CEOs, together with our newly recruited Director of the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing (CAWP) and Head of Wood Science, were asked to pro- vide their visions of Canada’s research needs for a competitive forest industry in 2020. Not surprisingly, all of the panel mem- bers felt that we needed considerably more investment in R&D, with the forestry sector still lagging a long way behind nearly all other segments of the Canadian manufac- turing sector. Similarly, several themes were common to all of the presentations. There was recognition that we are now part of a global industry, with massive consolida- tion underway, while at the same time we are considered to be part of a commodity- based, mature industry. Canada’s companies have moved from a leadership position in the 1970s to now being in the second tier vis à vis foreign competition with our biggest Canadian company (Abitibi Consolidated) currently ranked 19th in the world. It was suggested there would primarily be two types of forest-based companies in the future; large global consortia and small nimble niche-product companies. Currently Cana- da’s companies fall somewhere between these two types. Canada continues to be the world’s largest exporter of forest products, accounting for about 20% of the world’s exports over the past 5 years. However, to maintain this leadership position we have to recognize some of the consequences of continued globalization which include an increasingly competitive market and fewer “natural” advantages such as the “commodity” use of our mature, forest endowment. A very pertinent parallel to the globaliza- tion and consolidation of the forest indus- tries is the recognition that research can now also be accessed, sponsored and purchased at any location around the world. A distinct Nordic “cluster” already exists. This cluster involves Swedish/Finnish companies, insti- tutes and universities with an estimated $500 million per year invested in forest-related R&D. We are fortunate that Canada has three world class research institutes in FERIC, Forintek and Paprican, several re- search intensive universities with strengths in many aspects of forestry and forest pro- ducts and a federal government that has stayed the course in seeing research as a key component of its innovation strategy. The challenge will be to maximize the synergies of this mix and to see if the current Cana- dian forest-based industry will become a major player in the use of research and development in the reinvention of the forest- based sector. Global success will require increases in innovation, productivity and added value. I think there is a tremendous opportunity for Canada, and particularly Vancouver, to develop a forestry research knowledge cluster. Many of the pieces are in place and we have the potential to provide the world’s forest sector with international leadership in innovation. The federal govern- ment has maintained its commitment to this strategy. Can the Canadian forest sector maximize the limited R&D investment (that will likely be the immediate support availa- ble) to maintain our predominance on the world stage? By greater use of our synergis- tic interactions, I think that we can. You can reach me in person, by letter, fax 604–822–8645, phone 604–822–2467, or e- mail saddler@interchg.ubc.ca. A Jack Saddler Wood  Science  Department RESEARCH   HIGHLIGHT 2Branch Lines DEPARTMENT  NEWS Efficiency improvement in the Canadian wood industry T ❏ HERE has been increasing emphasis on measuring and comparing the efficiency of organizational units due to growing com- petition and globalization. Performance as- sessment is the key to progress in any organ- ization. In order to be competitive, improving productivity is a vital issue. One of the major industries in Canada which has a significant impact in our economy and especially that of British Columbia is the wood industry. Therefore, measuring efficiency and competitiveness of firms in the wood products and other related sectors and improving it, is essential and will have a great influence in British Columbia’s and Canada’s economy. The focus of this research is to measure and improve efficiency in the primary and secondary wood products industry. This will allow firms to benchmark themselves in the global economy, help them to allocate their resources – capital and labour – in the most efficient man- ner, and show them how to improve their efficiency by indicating practical targets for them. One important objective of the research is to measure efficiency changes in the Canadian wood industry over time, compare changes with that of the other world-class players in this industry and investigate the factors causing the changes in order to improve the perfor- mance of the Canadian wood industry. Some pundits believe that the Canadian forest sector is slower than it should be in adopting and developing advanced technologies due to lack of investment in Research and Development (R&D). An- other objective of this research is to assess whether Canadian wood product firms are investing sufficiently in R&D compared to the world-class producers in this sector and examine the impact of R&D investments on their competitiveness. Different techniques, parametric and non-parametric, have been used to evaluate and manage productivity. Our focus in this research is to apply Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), which is a powerful and relatively new technique in productivity management. DEA is a linear programming based technique for measuring the relative efficiency of organizational units which has received significant attention in re- cent years due to its advantages over traditional methods. One of the most important benefits of DEA is its ability to consider all relevant input and output factors simulta- neously without requiring any pre- determined weights. In addition to the efficiency score, DEA indicates targets for inefficient units. These targets, which are shown to the in- efficient units are their actual peer units, therefore the results are more likely to be accepted by the man- agers of these units. The advan- tages of DEA have resulted in its widespread application in over 50 industries. However, there have been only few efficiency studies in the wood industry using DEA. The intention of this research is to apply DEA more widely in the wood in- dustry so that industries can be- come more competitive. For further information, please contact Dr. Taraneh Sowlati at 604-822-6109; fax 604-822-9104 or e-mail taraneh@interchg.ubc.ca. For example if the objective is to compare and improve the efficiency of kitchen cabinet manufacturers in Canada, each cabinet maker will be a unit in the DEA analysis, the inputs might be materials, labour, energy, etc. and the outputs are what they yield. DEA analysis – n units with s inputs and r outputs O1 O2 O3 • • • O1 O2 O3 O1 O2 O3 I1 I2 • • • I1 I2 I3 I1 I3 • • • Unit 2 Unit 1 Unit n I3 I2 • • • • • • • • • • • • OutputsInputs n January, Dr. Colette Breuil hosted a work- shop in the Department entitled “Identification and Novelty in the Field of Staining Fungi” for training graduate students and scientists. The workshop was sponsored through a col- laborative strategic NSERC grant between UBC, Laval, Canadian Forest Services, Forintek Western lab and Agriculture Canada. On February 20, Dr. Dave Cohen was the keynote speaker at the Canadian Club of Kelowna where he spoke on “Forests and Wood: Global Trends – Regional Repercus- sions.”  Over 125 people attended the event. Dr. Phil Evans has edited a book on “Wood Cement Composites in the Asia- Pacific Region,” published by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Re- search, in Canberra, Australia.  In February, Phil gave a plenary lecture on “Emerging Technologies in Wood Protection,” at the US Forest Products Society Conference on “Enhancing the Durability of Timber and Engineered Wood Products” in Orlando, Florida. Heinz Köster, Vice President of Fach- hochschule Rosenheim, visited the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing where he taught an undergraduate course and parti- cipated in a conference on “Factory-Built Components and Housing Systems” organ- ized by Dave Cohen and Iain MacDonald. On March 12, Drs. Paul McFarlane and Phil Evans participated in a panel discus- sion on “Research Needs for a Competitive Forest-Based Industry in the Year 2020” as part of the Faculty of Forestry’s Jubilee Lecture Series. I ❏ Forest  Resources  Management  Department RESEARCH   HIGHLIGHT 3Branch Lines DEPARTMENT  NEWS Verification of a Landsat predictive map of mountain pine beetle attack  ORESTERS need timely information of the locations of mountain pine beetle (MPB) attack in order to finalize forest opera- tion planning. With a “detection-to-final- plan” window of about 4 months, traditional ground-based approaches have proved in- adequately slow and previous studies had indicated the potential of using satellite data (Branch Lines 11(2):4). If a satellite-derived approach is successful, it could provide in- dustry with the attack data within the allo- cated time frame. During the spring of 2001, we produced a predictive map of MPB attack. Landsat ETM digital data were acquired from August 15, 2000. The data were georeferenced and corrected for haze. Aerial photographs and field data were used to identify lodgepole pine stands prior to image analysis. Through multiple cluster- ing iterations lodgepole pine stands were separated from other forest stands. A com- bination of image differencing, tasseled-cap transformation and spectral mixture analy- sis (sub pixel analysis) was used to find possible attack locations. The total Landsat area examined was 231,833 ha (2318.33 sq km). A predictive map was prepared which indicated the possible MPB attack loca- tions, which were identified in terms of pixel co-ordinates. 34770 pixels (sites) (1.35% of total study area) were identified as MPB infected. A helicopter reconnaissance and ground field check done during the last week of June, 2001, suggested a more in-depth, independent evaluation of the map because of the apparently successful predictions. IKONOS satellite data from August 13, 2001 also indicated a high degree of reliability in the map. The predictive map of mountain pine beetle attack had to be independently verified. Two percent (695) of the pixel locations were randomly selected for field verification by three consultants who were not involved in the Landsat analysis, the  preliminary field check, and who were unknown to us. The study area was split into three sections and given to three different consultants to check the results. Pixel locations were identified via GPS, and examined for beetle attack. Due to budget, time and weather constraints, 339 points were actually field verified. Accuracy of identification of MPB attack varied with F the consultants (see table), but an overall accuracy of 69.26% for MPB attack detec- tion was reported. At some sites, other forest health issues were misidentified as MPB attack. These included impacts from spruce bark beetle, Douglas-fir beetle, IPS bark beetle, Armillaria root rot, and Atrepellis canker. Accuracy for the identification of forest health issues was 86.83%. The over- all conclusion was that the analysis of the Landsat data provided enough accurate information for the forest company to confi- dently use the results to finalize forest operation planning. For further information, please contact Dr. Peter Murtha at 604-822-6452; fax 604-822- 9106 or e-mail murtha@interchg.ubc.ca. Accuracy assessment of mountain pine beetle attack and other forestry health issues as determined by three independent contractors working in three separate areas TEST AREAS A % B % C % Sample points to check 116 180 43 MPB positive 95 81.9 101 56.2 30 69.7 Other insect/diseases 0 53 29.4 10 23.3 Non-health issues 21 18.1 26 14.4 3 7.0 Total 116 100 180 100 43 100.0 Accuracy of forest health (%) 81.9 85.6 93.00 Overall health accuracy (%) 86.83 R. Sharma, FRM Ph.D. student, did the computer analysis using PCI software. J. Alexander, R.P.F. and T. Mitchell, GIS Coordinator, Lignum Ltd., Williams Lake organized the independent ground checking with the three contractors, tabulated the data, and provided their results to us.  r. Jonathan Fannin delivered a one day short course on “Basic Geosynthetics – A Guide to Best Practices”, in January at Terrace, B.C. for the FSCN, and in March at Missoula, Montana for the USFS. Drs. Younes Alila and Daniel Moore are organizing a Peter Wall Institute Exploratory Workshop on Scaling and Non-linearity in Hydrologic Systems. The workshop will be held on June 3 to 5, 2002 at the UBC Peter Wall Institute. Twelve international experts have already accepted the invitation to participate in this meeting. Dr. Valerie LeMay is currently serving on the Technical Review for the Washington State Department Natural Resources Sustainable Management calculations. She presented an invited paper at the Forest Monitoring Workshop in Richmond on February 20 and a paper and poster at the Forest Vegetation Simulator conference in Colorado on February 11-15. She also par- ticipated in a Mixedwood Management workshop in Edmonton from March 5-7. The Department congratulates Dr. Peter Marshall, our Associate Dean of Under- graduates, in his appointment as the 55th Vice President of the Association of British Columbia Professional Foresters (ABCPF). He will provide a vital link between UBC and the ABCPF. D Forest  Sciences  Department RESEARCH   HIGHLIGHT 4Branch Lines DEPARTMENT  NEWS Why is everyone looking upstream? r. Sally Aitken has been awarded a UBC Izaak Walton Killam Memorial Faculty Research Fellowship. Dr. Jörg Bohlmann recently gave three in- vited talks:  at UC Berkeley (November 2001), at the International Symposium on Multi- trophic Interactions and Environmentally Be- nign Pest Management in Kyoto, Japan (Jan- uary 2002), and as invited plenary speaker at the Gordon Research Conference on Floral Scent in Ventura, CA USA (March 2002). In February, Dr. Hamish Kimmins  chair- ed the Scientific Advisory Board to the Saskatchewan Environment and Resources Ministry – working on the Saskatchewan Forest Impacts Monitoring Framework. Hamish also gave presentations on forestry issues to the Chamber of Commerce, stu- dents, and the public in Mackenzie, B.C. The annual Canadian Conference for D HERE are so many little, fishless streams out there that we can’t seriously be concerned about them all being disturbed by forest harvesting?! And so it goes in some jurisdictions like B.C. where streams lack- ing fish receive no mandatory riparian reserve. The rules ended up slightly dif- ferently on federal forest lands in the Pacific Northwest, in Clayoquot Sound, and elsewhere. Why? What do small streams provide? In the past four months there have been two major conferences and workshops on headwater streams, one at Oregon State University and another here at UBC. Each meeting attracted from 200 to 300 individuals from regulatory agen- cies, industry, researchers, and others. Fisheries and several ENGOs have been lobbying hard to increase the protec- tion of small streams. Is the scientific basis sufficient to propose reasonable measures for management? My research group has been helping to answer some of the questions above. Headwater streams, including inter- mittent streams, contribute to the eco- system by providing habitat, supplies of organic matter and sediments (e.g. “spawning gravels”), a source of inver- tebrates, and high quality and often cool water supplies. Headwater streams provide habitat for species such as the Coast (Pacific) giant salamander, tailed frog, and many others. Even intermit- tent streams may have densities of in- vertebrates as high as permanently flow- ing channels downstream. For instance, we find similar invertebrate densities in T intermittent streams and permanent streams – maybe even more of them in intermittent streams – and slight differences in species richness (see figure). Organic matter and invertebrates from Top panel: Adult stoneflies emerging from intermittent (n=3) and continuous (n=4) streams. On the left are numbers emerging for April and October (left) and numbers of species emerging (right). Values are means +1 standard error of the mean. Data from C. Muchow & J. Richardson, unpublished. Bottom panel: Export rate of coarse particulate organic matter (CPOM; particles >1 mm diameter) from small streams with different riparian management treatments. Values are means of three streams per treatment, before and after harvesting, with ±1 standard error of the mean. Data from P. Kiffney & J. Richardson, unpublished. Nu m be rs  / t ra p / w ee k 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 sp ec ie s / t ra p / w ee k 0 1 2 3 Intermittent Continuous April October April October Abundance Richness Before After C PO M  Ex po rt (m g / s ec ) 0.01 0.1 1 Controls 30 m reserves 10 m reserves Clear cuts small streams (even intermittent channels) are important subsidies to downstream reaches. Our studies show that >90% of organic matter received by small streams is transported downstream to fuel the food- webs of larger streams. Our riparian man- agement studies at UBC’s Malcolm Knapp Research Forest show that a 30-m reserve maintains the rates of organic matter inputs (although even 30-m reserves are not sufficient for other measures) and downstream transport (see figure). Dr. Mark Wipfli of the USDA Forest Service showed that in southeast Alaska, the contributions of organic matter and invertebrates from head- waters can support the growth of from 100 to 2000 young salmonids per kilo- metre of fish-bearing river. It seems clear that these energy subsidies from headwaters are important to fish and other species in downstream reaches. Headwater streams provide impor- tant habitat, high quality water, and organic matter subsidies to down- stream reaches. Balancing the benefits and costs of protection of small streams requires more than science, and more science is definitely needed. Determina- tion of the options available and a rea- sonable solution will require open dis- cussions amongst scientists, managers, ENGOs, politicians from all levels, and others. The differences in the protec- tion of headwaters across jurisdictions are largely due to politics, since we’re all using the same scientific results. For further information, please contact Dr. John Richardson at 604-822-6586, fax 604-822-9102, e-mail jrichard@ interchg.ubc.ca. [http:/faculty.forestry. ubc.ca/richardson/].❏ Sp ec ie s / tra p / we ek Fisheries Research (Vancouver January 3- 5, 2002), which was organized by Dr. Scott Hinch, brought over 300 scientists  to UBC to discuss the latest research in aquatic ecology and fisheries science. Abstracts are available at: http://www.phys.ocean.dal.ca/ ccffr/index.html. Dr. Kermit Ritland was an invited speaker at a conference at the University of Illinois entitled “New frontiers in biocomplexity and biodiversity” February 7-10, 2002. Abundance Richness fore After ❏ N um be rs  / tra p / w ee k CP O M  E xp or t (m g/s ec ) Faculty  News 5Branch Lines After a long and brave fight, Dr. Gene Namkoong succumbed to cancer on Sun- day March 3, 2002 at the local hospital in Leicester, NC.  A native of New York City, he earned a B.S. and M.Sc. degree from the State University of New York at Syracuse in Forestry, and a Ph.D. from North Carolina State University in Quantitative Genetics. He was an employee of the USDA Forest Serv- ice based at North Carolina State University from 1958 to 1993, and then accepted the position as Head, Department of Forest Sci- ences at UBC until his retirement in 1999. During his career, Dr. Namkoong lectured all over the world, supervised some 21 grad- uate students, produced nearly 200 papers and several books. He served on several national and international boards and advi- sory bodies. His honours include the Senior US Scientist award from the Alexander Humbold foundation for the advancement of sciences, the USDA Forest Service Supe- rior Scientist award for genetic advance- ments, and the Marcus Wallenberg Prize, the highest award in Forestry Research for his “pathbreaking contributions to quantitative population genetics, tree breeding and man- agement of genetic resources which form a solid scientific basis for the maintenance of biological diversity of forests all over the world”. At UBC, Dr. Namkoong established a solid genetics program, strengthened bridges to other units in the University from Botany to Applied Ethics, participated in the estab- lishment of the Centre for Applied Conser- vation Biology and the Natural Resources Conservation undergraduate program, and generally promoted sound and well inte- grated science carefully applied to questions of conservation and resource use.  Above all we remember him as a kind and concerned friend, full of interests of all kinds, living life to the full, and striving to be a whole person. The family asks that memorial gifts be made to:  The UBC Namkoong Family Scholarship Fund Department of Forest Sciences Forest Sciences Centre 3041–2424 Main Mall Vancouver, B.C.  V6T 1Z4 Phone:  604-822-2507 Dr. Peter Marshall, RPF, Professor and Associate Dean, officially took office as vice-president of the Association of B.C. Professional Foresters (ABCPF) on Febru- ary 28, 2002. Peter’s inauguration occurred at the annual general meeting and confer- ence of the ABCPF in Nanaimo, B.C. His new position marks the beginning of his fourth year on the Association’s council, prior to which, he was an active member of the ABCPF board of examiners for almost a decade. Peter will become 55th president of Faculty mourns death of Gene Namkoong the ABCPF at the annual general meeting in Penticton next February. In the coming year, Peter will be serving a dual function on the ABCPF Council. He will assume the role of director of discipline and enforcement, as well as his new vice- president capacity. In his director role, he will lead efforts to implement changes to the Association’s complaint review and dis- cipline processes.  Late last year, a task force reviewed the Association’s existing disci- pline process and made recommendations for its improvement. These changes will be implemented over the coming year and are aimed at incorporating negotiation, media- tion, and arbitration into the discipline pro- cess to create a broad range of ways to deal with complaints lodged against members, aside from formal investigations and hear- ings. The changes are designed to ensure the discipline process continues to serve the public and the Association membership well. Congratulations Peter! Peter Marshall, RPF, named as vice-president of the ABCPF On Tuesday, March 12, we held the sixth lecture in our Jubilee Lecture Series marking the 50th anniversary of the Faculty of Forestry. The event, which drew around 100 people, focussed on a panel discussion of the research needs for a competitive forest-based industry in the year 2020. Panel speakers included: Ian de la Roche, President, Forintek Canada Gilbert Paillé, President & CEO, Forest Engi- neering Research Institute of Canada Joseph Wright, President & CEO, Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada Philip Evans, Director, Centre for Advanced Wood Processing, UBC Paul McFarlane, Head, Department of Wood Science, UBC. Jubilee Lectures earlier in the year have included: Fred Bunnell, Director, Centre for Applied Conservation Biology, UBC – All the buzz in forestry–buzzwords, buzzsaws and buzzards. Clark Binkley, Chief Investment Officer, Hancock Timber Resource Group – Whence and whither forestry? Restarting John Muir’s sawmill. Alan Potter, VP Technology, Nexfor – Inno- vation in forest products – past, present and future. Most of these lectures have full text, audio and slide viewing ability from our website. Jubilee Lecture Series A great success! The Faculty of Forestry is seeking a full-time senior development officer to manage its major gift program.  For more information visit the web site www.supporting.ubc.ca/careers.html and look for competition #s 02/02/20-2. Faculty Development Officer position available Branch Lines 6 ©Faculty of Forestry, 2002  Recycled Paper NEWSLETTER PRODUCTION Branch Lines is published by the Faculty of Forestry at the University of British Columbia three times each year. ISSN 1181-9936. http://www.forestry.ubc.ca/ Editor: Susan B. Watts, Ph.D., R.P.F. In-house typesetting, design and layout: Patsy Quay and Susan B. Watts. Questions concerning the newsletter or requests for mailing list updates, deletions or additions should be directed to Dr. Susan Watts, Newsletter Editor at: Faculty of Forestry, Dean’s Office University of British Columbia Forest Sciences Centre 2005–2424 Main Mall Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4     604–822–6316 Fax: 604–822–8645 E-mail:  suwatts@interchg.ubc.ca FOREST NEWS from the Alex Fraser Research Forest Education and extension activities he mandate of the Alex Fraser Research Forest is to manage its forest lands to pro- vide an optimal environment for education, research, and demonstration in integrated forest resource management. We are con- tinuing to invest in the development of our facilities and information resources for edu- cation and extension purposes. In this past year, we have hosted 395 people on a variety of tours, workshops and field schools held on the Research Forest. Attendees included ministry, industry and private forest practitioners, First Nations groups, international visitors, and elemen- tary, secondary, and post-secondary students and educators. We continue to work with the Gavin Lake Forest Education Society to develop and deliver forestry and biology modules to school and youth groups. Our research project database has recent- ly been added to the Natural Resource Information Network (NRIN) – a searchable provincial database of projects and exten- sion products developed by the Southern Interior Forest Extension and Research Partnership (SIFERP) and we are now members of the Canadian Forest Service national Forest Ecosystem Research Net- work of Sites (FERNS). Increased aware- ness and easier access to Research Forest resources has resulted in a growing num- ber of requests for research project results and publications, educational services, and collaboration on research and educational projects. Recent collaborations on FRBC funded extension programs include a partnership with the Cariboo Woodlot Association to develop and deliver training for small scale forest managers, and cooperation with SIFERP to facilitate the delivery of the Small Woodlands Program of BC, an exten- sion service for private forest landowners. We are currently working on an exten- sion strategy for the Alex Fraser Research Forest that will include an inventory of existing educational resources, updates and maintenance plans for existing mate- rials and field sites, and new initiatives and opportunities that should be pursued over the next few years. We look forward to working with partner organisations to develop and implement the strategy. For more information, please contact Claire Trethewey at 250-392-2207 or e-mail trethewa@interchg.ubc.ca. T Invitation to all Alumni We are organizing a Forestry Alumni tour of Spring Field School followed by a reception at the Malcolm Knapp Research Forest on Tuesday, April 30, 2002. The bus tour will commence at 1:30 PM and will run for ap- proximately two hours, allowing alumni to view student field school activities, demon- strations and research sites in the Forest. Students will be on hand at the various field sites to explain their activities and answer questions about Field School and today’s forestry education. From 4:00 to 5:00 PM, alumni are invited to join faculty members for a reception at the Loon Lake Outdoor Education Centre. At 5:30 PM, alumni are invited to join the students participating in Spring Field School for a barbeque dinner. An after- dinner presentation entitled, “A priest in the woods: reflections on forests, forestry and the human spirit” will be given by John McCarthy, S.J., in the Monsanto Classroom of the Loon Lake facility. The evening’s events will conclude by 8:30 PM. If you are interested in attending some or all of these events, please contact Clare Keating-Husk at 604-822-2176 or e-mail ckeating@interchg.ubc.ca. Please respond before April 12, 2002. Names will be taken on a first-come, first-served basis as space is limited. Ken Day, Alex Fraser Research Forest Manager, teaches uneven- aged forest management. Branch Lines data base updates For several years now we have been posting this newsletter on our website under “publications”. If you would like to stop receiving Branch Lines as a paper copy but instead be notified by e-mail when the web version is ready for viewing, please let us know by contacting the news- letter editor. Also, feel free to add your email address to our invitation/special event announce- ment data base by contacting Clare Keating-Husk at ckeating@interchg.ubc.ca.


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